Citrix® XenConvert™ Guide

Citrix® XenConvert™ Guide
XenConvert 1.1
Revision 6
December 15, 2008
Copyright
Use of the product documented in this guide is subject to your prior acceptance of the End User License Agreement.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. Companies, names, and data used in examples herein are
fictitious unless otherwise noted. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, without the express written permission of Citrix Systems, Inc.
© 2008 Citrix Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
Xen and Citrix are registered trademarks, and Citrix Provisioning Server, XenConvert and XenServer are trademarks of Citrix
Systems, Inc. in the United States and other countries.
Trademark Acknowledgements
Microsoft, Windows, Windows Server are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United
States and/or other countries.
All other trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Document Code: December 15, 2008 (MS)
C ONTENTS
Contents
Chapter 1
About This Document
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Intended Audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Related Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Contact Us. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Chapter 2
About XenConvert
What’s New in This Release. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Converting from Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Additional Physical Conversions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Upgrading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Consolidation of XenConvert Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Known Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Converting a VHD Containing a Windows OS That is Newer Than the Host OS
6
Windows Boot and System Drives Must be on the Same Volume . . . . . . . . . . .6
Source Disk Limited to Basic Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Running From a Terminal Services Session. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Known Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Converting a Workload with Files in Use. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Mapped Network Drive Can Interfere with Conversion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Autorun Can Interfere with Conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Safe to Remove Messages During Physical to XVA Conversion . . . . . . . . . . . .8
XenConvert Fails When Automount is Disabled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Problem Ejecting Citrix Virtual Hard Disk Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Service or Device Specific to the Source Machine May Fail to Start in a Virtual
Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
VHD Appears to be Mounted After Cancelling XenConvert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Exception Message Appears on First Boot. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Virtual Display Adapter Driver is Not Installed Automatically. . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Unknown Device on Windows 2000 SP4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
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Citrix XenConvert Guide
Chapter 3
Installing XenConvert
Obtaining the Installation File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
XenConvert System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Installing XenConvert Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Upgrading XenConvert. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Remove XenConvert Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Chapter 4
Using XenConvert
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Converting From Physical Machines to Virtual Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Converting From Microsoft Virtual Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Starting the XenConvert Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Conversion Summary Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Controlling XenConvert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Converting from a Physical Machine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Before Converting From a Physical Machine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Enable Automount . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Stop Security Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Working with Provisioning Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Physical to VHD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Physical to XVA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Physical to XenServer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Converting from Microsoft Virtual Server. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Before Converting From Microsoft Virtual Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
After Converting From Microsoft Virtual Server. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
VMC to XVA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
VMC to XenServer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
VHD to XVA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
VHD to XenServer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
XenServer Account Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
C HAPTER 1
About This Document
This document provides instructions on installing and using Citrix XenConvert
software. This document is organized as follows:
•
“About XenConvert” provides information such as new features and known
issues.
•
“Installing XenConvert” describes how to install the XenConvert software.
•
“Using XenConvert” describes how to use XenConvert.
Introduction
Citrix® XenConvert™ converts a server or desktop workload from either a
physical machine or from another type of virtual machine, to a XenServer virtual
machine.
•
Converting to a XenServer VM produces an intermediate XVA containing a
bootable XenServer VM and automatically imports it into a XenServer.
•
Converting to an XVA produces an offline package of a bootable
XenServer VM ready to manually import into a XenServer.
•
Converting to a VHD produces a VHD compatible with Provisioning
Server 5.0 if the target device software included with Provisioning Server
5.0 was installed beforehand.
XenConvert includes a wizard, to use interactively, and a command line interface,
to use from a script.
Intended Audience
This document is intended for XenServer system administrators and software
installers. It is assumed that readers are familiar with basic installation and system
management tasks for Microsoft Windows systems.
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Citrix XenConvert Guide
Related Information
Information on XenConvert is provided with the software in the form of an online
help file, which is available from the product, and as a PDF document.
Additional information about Citrix XenServer and Citrix Provisioning Server
may also be required during installation and use of this product. This information
can be found at the following locations:
•
XenServer: http://support.citrix.com/product/xens/
•
Provisioning Server: http://support.citrix.com/product/provsvr/
Contact Us
Your feedback on Citrix XenConvert documentation is important to us. Use the
Citrix Product Documentation Feedback form to send us your comments or
suggestions about Citrix Product Documentation:
http://support.citrix.com/docfeedback/
C HAPTER 2
About XenConvert
This chapter contains information relevant to this release of XenConvert
software. This information includes:
•
“What’s New in This Release”
•
“Known Limitations”
What’s New in This Release
This section describes enhancements and other changes made to XenConvert in
this release.
Converting from Microsoft Virtual Server 2005
Convert a single VHD or an entire virtual machine to a XVA or XenServer:
•
“VHD to XVA”
Convert a single Virtual Hard Disk (VHD) to a XVA.
•
“VHD to XenServer”
Convert from a single VHD to a XenServer.
•
“VMC to XVA”
Convert an entire virtual machine to a XVA.
•
“VMC to XenServer”
Convert an entire virtual machine to a XenServer.
A source VHD can be of the fixed or dynamic type.
Additional Physical Conversions
Physical conversion enhancements include converting a physical source machine
without any ATA devices (pure SCSI machine, such as a blade system).
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Citrix XenConvert Guide
Upgrading
Run the XenConvert installer to upgrade XenConvert. It is no longer necessary to
remove the previous version.
Consolidation of XenConvert Documentation
The Release Notes, Installation Guide, and Help documents were consolidated
into a single document to create this guide. This consolidation increases usability
by making it easier to locate and search for XenConvert information.
Known Limitations
This section describes known limitations for the XenConvert software. Wherever
possible, a workaround for the problem is included.
Converting a VHD Containing a Windows OS That
is Newer Than the Host OS
If the Windows OS version of a VHD is newer than the host’s OS, XenConvert
cannot convert the VHD. For example, if the VHD contains Windows XP and the
host contains Windows 2000.
Issue # 7875
Windows Boot and System Drives Must be on the
Same Volume
XenConvert can only convert a workload from a source machine on which the
system drive is the same as the boot drive. For example, boot.ini and the
\Windows must both reside on C:.
Source Disk Limited to Basic Disk
The source disk is limited to a physical disk initialized as a basic disk. Converting
a physical disk initialized as a dynamic disk type is not yet supported.
Running From a Terminal Services Session
XenConvert cannot run from a Terminal Services session when the Terminal
Server is a Window 2000 operating system. Mounting a VHD either fails after
several minutes or does not appear to complete. This issue does not occur with
VNC.
To workaround this issue, run XenConvert from the Console.
Chapter 2
About XenConvert
7
To change the amount of time that XenConvert waits to mount the VHD, change
the registry key value VhdPluginTimeoutAsMs described in “Controlling
XenConvert” section.
Known Problems
This section describes known problems for the XenConvert software. Wherever
possible, a workaround for the problem is included.
Converting a Workload with Files in Use
XenConvert cannot copy a file in use by another application or service. To ensure
that the file is included in the conversion, stop the respective service before
starting the conversion.
It is not recommended to convert a workload executing a critical service that
keeps critical files open that cannot be stopped (such as a Domain Controller with
Active Directory service).
Mapped Network Drive Can Interfere with
Conversion
If a network drive was mapped to the next available drive letter (e.g. F: when last
local drive was E), then XenConvert is unable to get the drive letter for the new
VHD that it just created, mounted, and formatted because Windows assigned it to
the same drive letter as the network drive. See http://support.microsoft.com/kb/
297694/ for a description of the same problem affecting other removable disks.
Although that KB pertains to Windows XP, the problem also affects Windows
Server 2003 when automount is enabled.
The workaround is to remap the network drive to a drive letter other than the
lowest available one before running XenConvert.
Autorun Can Interfere with Conversion
If enabled, Autorun can interfere when converting from a VHD. After a VHD
containing at least one file system is mounted, Autorun scans the file system and
leaves a dialog box open, causing the conversion to stall because the VHD cannot
be automatically dismounted.
To work around this issue, disable Autorun for fixed drives by setting the
following DWORD to 0x8:
HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policie
s\Explorer \NoDriveTypeAutoRun
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Citrix XenConvert Guide
For details, refer to http://www.microsoft.com/technet/
prodtechnol/windows2000serv/reskit/regentry/
91525.mspx?mfr=true.
Issue # 7911
Safe to Remove Messages During Physical to XVA
Conversion
You may see a “safe to remove” balloon message on Windows XP and dialog box
on Windows 2000 after the file copy stage. The message occurs when the VHD
that was created is dismounted before creation of the XVA file. This is a normal
message and can be ignored.
Issue # 7307
XenConvert Fails When Automount is Disabled
The following message appears in the log file when XenConvert is run with
automount disabled:
Windows Automount may be disabled
Windows Server 2003 Enterprise and Datacenter editions disable automount by
default. This prevents programmatically formatting a volume without assigning a
drive letter or mount point.
You can work around this issue by enabling automount before running
XenConvert. Use the Windows diskpart program to enable automount:
C:\> DiskPart
DISKPART> automount enable
DISKPART> exit
Automount can be disabled after XenConvert completes. Note that automount
will be enabled in the VM you create and can be disabled from within the VM.
Issue # 7282
Problem Ejecting Citrix Virtual Hard Disk
Messages
The following messages may appear with a Problem Ejecting Citrix Virtual Hard
Disk during the VHD to XVA stage of a conversion.
•
The device 'Generic volume' cannot be stopped right now. Try stopping the
device again later.'
•
The device 'Citrix Virtual Hard Disk' cannot be stopped because of an
unknown error. Since the device is still being used, do not remove it.
Chapter 2
About XenConvert
9
These messages may display if applications or services (for example, a virus scan
or the Windows Autorun feature) open a file on the mounted VHD. The open file
prevents a dismount, causing the messages to appear. Increasing the amount of
time that XenConvert waits to automatically dismount a VHD dismount time out
may resolve the issue. Refer to “Controlling XenConvert” for details on how to
change this value. Disabling Autorun may also resolve the issue.
Issue # 7308
Service or Device Specific to the Source Machine
May Fail to Start in a Virtual Machine
Messages similar to the following may be displayed when booting a virtual
machine:
"The Parallel port driver service failed to start due to the
following error: The service cannot be started, either because it is
disabled or because it has not enabled devices associated with it.”
This problem occurs when a service or a device on the physical machine fails to
start on the virtual machine. The failure may be caused by the fact that the
particular device or service is not available or supported on the machine that is
running the virtual machine.
Issue # 7337
VHD Appears to be Mounted After Cancelling
XenConvert
If you cancel a conversion while the VHD is being mounted, the VHD does not
appear to get unmounted after the cancel.
The VHD isn't actually mounted. Windows Explorer displays a stale view of the
drives, showing a red question mark over the device that was the VHD.
You can update the view by choosing “Refresh” from the “View” menu in
Windows Explorer.
Issue # 7394
Exception Message Appears on First Boot
After converting from a physical machine to a XenServer, the following message
may appear once after the virtual machine boots for the first time.
"An exception occurred while trying to run "newdev.dll,ClientSideInstall
\\.\pip\PNP_Device_Install_Pipe_0..."
You can ignore this message.
Issue # 7389
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Citrix XenConvert Guide
Virtual Display Adapter Driver is Not Installed
Automatically
After converting a physical machine equipped with the Intel 82945G chipset or
Intel Q33 Express chipset, the virtual display adapter device may appear as an
unknown device in Device Manager in Windows Server 2003 R2 Standard
Edition.
A standard VGA mode driver is installed.
Issue # 7340
Unknown Device on Windows 2000 SP4
After a conversion to XVA on Windows 2000 SP4 systems, an unknown device
may be present. This device has no negative impact on the operation of the VM.
Issue # 7280
C HAPTER 1
Installing XenConvert
Obtaining the Installation File
Citrix XenConvert software is distributed electronically. Consult with your sales
representative for information on obtaining the software.
The product distribution contains this guide and the product installation wizard:
•
XenConvert_Install.exe
•
XenConvert_Install_x64.exe
XenConvert System Requirements
The system requirements for systems running the XenConvert software are listed
in the following table.
Requirements
XenConvert supports Microsoft Windows 64-bit:
the following
Windows Server 2003 Standard, Enterprise SP2
Operating Systems
Microsoft Windows 32-bit:
Windows Server 2003, Standard, Enterprise SP1/SP2/R2
Windows Small Business Server 2003 R2 SP2
Windows XP SP2/SP3
Windows 2000 SP4
CPU
Same as the requirements specified for the installed
operating system.
Memory
Same as the requirements specified for the installed
operating system.
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XenConvert Installation Guide
Requirements
Disk space
requirements
When converting to VHD, the required amount of free space
is 101% of the used space on the source physical disk.
When converting to XVA or XenServer, the required amount
of free space is typically 115% of the used space on the
source disks. Note that these conversions involve
compression that depends on the disk contents. Therefore,
the required free space could be greater. The absolute worst
case would be 200% of the used space on the source
physical disk.
XenServer
XenServer Versions 4.0, 4.1, and 5.0 support import of VMs
created with XenConvert.
Additional
requirements
Microsoft .NET Framework version 2.0, which installs
automatically if necessary.
Installing XenConvert Programs
1.
On the target system, close all Windows applications.
2.
In My Computer or Windows Explorer, navigate to the directory where the
self extracting installer was downloaded to, then double-click on the
installer file: XenConvert_install.exe
3.
The XenConvert Welcome screen is displayed. Click Next to begin the
installation.
4.
The License Agreement screen appears. Click I accept..... and Next to
continue the installation. Click I do not accept to terminate the installation.
Click Print to print a copy of the License Agreement.
5.
The Destination Folder screen appears. Click Next to install XenConvert in
the default directory. Click Change to select a directory other than the
default. Click Next after the directory is selected.
6.
The Ready to Install the Program screen appears. Click Install to begin the
installation. The Installing XenConvert screen displays, showing the
installation progress.
7.
When the installation is complete, the InstallShield Wizard Complete
screen appears. Click Finish to exit the installer.
For details on using the XenConvert Wizard, refer to the chapter titled “Using
XenConvert”.
Chapter 1
Installing XenConvert
13
Upgrading XenConvert
To upgrade XenConvert to a later version, download and run the respective
installer.
Remove XenConvert Programs
Use the Windows Control Panel to remove XenConvert programs.
1.
To remove XenConvert programs, access Control Panel > Add or
Remove Programs and select XenConvert.
2.
Click Remove to begin removing XenConvert programs.
3.
The ‘Are you sure you want to remove XenConvert from your computer?’
dialog box appears. Click Yes to uninstall the software from your system,
then wait for the uninstall to finish.
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XenConvert Installation Guide
C HAPTER 2
Using XenConvert
This chapter provides the information necessary to use the XenConvert wizard
and command line interface.
Introduction
Citrix XenConvert converts a server or desktop workload from either a physical
machine, or from another type of virtual machine, to a XenServer virtual
machine.
Converting From Physical Machines to Virtual
Machines
XenConvert supports the following physical-to-virtual conversions:
•
“Physical to VHD”
•
“Physical to XVA”
•
“Physical to XenServer”
Converting From Microsoft Virtual Server
XenConvert supports the following virtual-to-virtual machine conversions:
•
“VMC to XVA”
•
“VMC to XenServer”
•
“VHD to XVA”
•
“VHD to XenServer”
Starting the XenConvert Wizard
Supported conversion methods are selected and performed using the XenConvert
Wizard.
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Citrix XenConvert Guide
To start the wizard, click XenConvert.exe in directory that was selected
during the installation process. The default location is:
C:\Program Files\Citrix\XenConvert
The Citrix XenConvert Welcome screen appears. The information that the wizard
displays next will depend on the conversion method selected on this screen. Refer
to the appropriate conversion method for conversion specific details.
Conversion Summary Screen
After a conversion method is selected and the conversion information is entered
using the wizard, the conversion summary screen appears. This screen
summarizes and provides the conversion information and options that follow.
Conversion summary information includes:
Conversion method
The selected conversion method displays at the top of the screen.
Workload name
The name given to this workload.
Source
The source directory where this unconverted workload currently resides.
Destination Folder
The destination folder where this converted workload will reside.
Status
The current step, user instructions, and status messages that are associated
with this conversion process.
Progress
The progress for this step of the conversion.
After reviewing conversion information on this screen, select one of the
following conversion options:
Back
Use the Back button to return to the previous window to make changes, or
to enter new parameters.
Convert
Click Convert to begin the conversion process.
Cancel
Chapter 2
Using XenConvert
17
Click Cancel to cancel a conversion that is in process. When you cancel a
conversion, a message displays in the status field and is written to the log
file. Files that were created during the conversion remain on the source
system.
Finish
Click Finish to exit XenConvert. This button displays after the conversion
completes or after cancelling the conversion process.
Log
Click Log to display the conversion log file in Notepad. For each
conversion run, detailed status information is stored in the log file. The log
file, XenConvert.txt, is created in the installation directory and
provides the following information:
•
Start and stop time stamps
•
Error and informational messages,
The Log button appears after you click the Convert button.
Controlling XenConvert
XenConvert reads the following parameters from the registry to manage some
functionality. These parameters may be changed to correct problems encountered
with VHDs and are located in:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Citrix\XenConvert\Paramete
rs\.
Name
Type
Description
AutoDismountTimeoutAsMs DWORD
Number of milliseconds to wait before retrying to
automatically dismount a VHD. Default is 60
seconds.
VhdPluginTimeoutAsMs
Number of milliseconds to wait for a VHD to mount.
Default is 10 minutes.
DWORD
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Citrix XenConvert Guide
Converting from a Physical Machine
This section describes the following physical-to-virtual conversion methods
supported by XenConvert:
•
“Physical to VHD”
•
“Physical to XVA”
•
“Physical to XenServer”
Before Converting From a Physical Machine
•
“Enable Automount”
•
“Stop Security Services”
•
“Working with Provisioning Server”
Enable Automount
On Windows Server 2003, enable the Windows Automount feature.
•
Enter the following command at a command shell prompt:
DISKPART
•
Enter the following command at the DISKPART prompt:
•
automount enable
Automount will be enabled in the VM you create and can be disabled from within
the VM.
Stop Security Services
Some security services such as anti-virus and end-point protection services can
interfere with a conversion. Stop these types of security services before
converting.
Working with Provisioning Server
XenConvert produces a virtualized instance of a workload usable with
XenServer. To produce a virtualized instance of a workload that is also usable
with Citrix Provisioning Server, install Provisioning Server Target Device
software on the physical source machine before using XenConvert. After a
conversion completes, use the Provisioning Server Console to add the new VHD
and configure a compatible target device to boot from it. Refer to the
Provisioning Server product documentation set for details.
Chapter 2
Using XenConvert
19
Physical to VHD
Select this method to convert a single partition of a physical disk to a partition
within a VHD.
If this method is selected from the XenConvert wizard, provide the following
conversion information:
Workload Name
Name to use.
Source
Choose the physical disk to convert from the drop-down menu.
Destination Folder
Type or browse to the folder to contain the VHD related files. These files
are excluded from the conversion. The folder is created if it does not
already exist.
After providing conversion information, select from the following options:
Empty Recycle Bin
Check this box to automatically empty the recycle bin before the
conversion process begins. The option is enabled by default. Emptying the
recycle bin reduces the disk space required by the conversion.
Cancel
Exit XenConvert.
Next
Advance to the “Conversion Summary Screen”.
Physical to XVA
Select this method to convert a single partition of a physical disk to a XVA.
If this method is selected from the XenConvert wizard, provide the following
conversion information:
Workload Name
Name to use for the Xen virtual machine.
Source
Select the disk to convert from the drop-down menu.
Destination Folder
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Citrix XenConvert Guide
Type or browse to the folder to contain the XVA related files. These files
are excluded from the conversion. The folder is created if it does not
already exist.
After providing conversion information, select from the following options:
Empty Recycle Bin
Check this box to automatically empty the recycle bin before the
conversion process begins. The option is enabled by default. Emptying the
recycle bin reduces the disk space required by the conversion.
Cancel
Exit XenConvert.
Next
Advance to the “Conversion Summary Screen”.
Physical to XenServer
Select this method to convert a single partition of a physical disk to XenServer.
If this method is selected from the XenConvert wizard, provide the following
conversion information:
Workload Name
Name to use for the Xen virtual machine.
Source
Choose the physical disk to convert from the drop-down menu.
Destination Folder
Specify or browse to the folder to contain the intermediate files. These files
are excluded from the conversion. The folder is created if it does not
already exist.
After providing conversion information, select from the following options:
Empty Recycle Bin
Check this box to automatically empty the recycle bin before the
conversion process begins. The option is enabled by default. Emptying the
recycle bin reduces the disk space required by the conversion.
Cancel
Exit XenConvert.
Next
Advance to the “Conversion Summary Screen”.
Chapter 2
Using XenConvert
21
Converting from Microsoft Virtual Server
This section describes the methods available when converting from Microsoft
Virtual Server.
•
“VMC to XVA”
•
“VMC to XenServer”
•
“VHD to XVA”
•
“VHD to XenServer”
Before Converting From Microsoft Virtual Server
•
Disable Autorun
Consider disabling the Windows Autorun feature because it can interfere
with a conversion. One method of disabling this feature is to set the value of
the following registry value to 0x8 for fixed drives including VHD, or
0xFF for all drives.
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\Curr
entVersion\policies\Explorer\NoDriveTypeAutoRun
•
Shutdown VM
After Converting From Microsoft Virtual Server
Remove Microsoft VM Additions:
1.
Boot the new XenServer VM.
2.
Log in to an account with permission to remove a program.
3.
Use Add/Remove Programs feature of Windows to remove the program
named ‘Virtual Machine Additions’.
VMC to XVA
Select this method to convert a Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 VM to a XVA.
If this method is selected from the XenConvert wizard, provide the following
conversion information:
VMC
Type or browse to the path of the VMC file.
Destination Folder
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Citrix XenConvert Guide
Type or browse to the folder to contain the XVA. The folder is created if it
does not already exist.
After providing conversion information, select from the following options:
Cancel
Exit XenConvert.
Next
Advance to the “Conversion Summary Screen”.
VMC to XenServer
Select this method to convert a Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 VM to a XenServer
VM. This conversion requires a XenServer accessible on the network and a valid
account on that XenServer. The conversion creates an intermediate XVA that
remains on the host.
If this method is selected from the XenConvert wizard, provide the following
conversion information:
VMC
Type or browse to the path of the VMC file.
Destination Folder
Type or browse to the folder to contain the intermediate files. The folder is
created if it does not already exist.
After providing conversion information, select from the following options:
Cancel
Exit XenConvert.
Next
Advance to the “XenServer Account Screen”.
VHD to XVA
Select this method to convert a single VHD to a XVA.
If this method is selected from the XenConvert wizard, provide the following
conversion information:
VHD
Type or browse to the path of the VHD file.
Destination Folder
Chapter 2
Using XenConvert
23
Type or browse to the folder to contain the XVA. The folder is created if it
does not already exist.
After providing conversion information, select from the following options:
Cancel
Exit XenConvert.
Next
Advance to the “Conversion Summary Screen”.
VHD to XenServer
Convert a single VHD to a XenServer. This conversion requires a XenServer
accessible on the network and a valid account on that XenServer. The conversion
creates an intermediate XVA that remains on the host.
If this method is selected from the XenConvert wizard, provide the following
conversion information:
VHD
Type or browse to the path of the VHD file.
Destination Folder
Type or browse to the folder to contain the intermediate files. The folder is
created if it does not already exist.
After providing conversion information, select from the following options:
Cancel
Exit XenConvert.
Next
Advance to the “XenServer Account Screen”.
XenServer Account Screen
Enter the following information to identify the XenServer that will be used to
import the workload:
Hostname
Simple host name, fully qualified domain name, or IP address of the
XenServer.
User name
Name of the account with import privileges. Consult the XenServer product
documentation for information on account requirements.
24
Citrix XenConvert Guide
Password
The password that is associated with User name.
After entering XenServer Account information, select one of the following
options:
Next
Advance to the “Conversion Summary Screen”.
Cancel
Exit XenConvert.
Note XenConvert uses port 80 when testing the account credentials and when
converting to a XenServer.
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