TTL auto flash modes available with the SB-800

En
Autofocus Speedlight
SB-800
Instruction Manual
For your safety
Before using your product, please read the following safety precautions
carefully and thoroughly to ensure correct and safe use and to help
prevent damage to your Nikon product or injury to yourself or others.
For quick reference by those who use the product, please keep these
safety instructions near the product.
In this manual, safety instructions are indicated with these symbols:
Disregarding instructions marked with this symbol could
WARNING result in personal injury, or death and property damage.
CAUTION Disregarding instructions marked with this symbol could
result in property damage.
Symbol for separate collection applicable in European countries
This symbol indicates that this product is to be collected
separately. The following apply only to users in European
countries.
• This product is designated for separate collection at an
appropriate collection point. Do not dispose of as
household waste
• For more information, contact the retailer or the local
authorities in charge of waste management.
i
1 If corrosive liquids seep from the batteries and get in your eyes,
immediately wash your eyes with running water and consult with a
doctor. Your eyes could be seriously damaged if they are not treated quickly.
2 If corrosive liquids seep from the batteries and come in contact with
your skin or clothes, wash immediately with running water. Prolonged
contact could injure your skin.
3 Never attempt to disassemble or repair the flash unit by yourself, as this
could result in you receiving an electric shock and could also cause the unit
to malfunction; such malfunction could lead to personal injury.
4 If the flash unit is dropped and damaged, do not touch any exposed
interior metal parts. Such parts, especially the speedlight’s capacitor and
associated parts, could be in a high-charge state and if touched could
cause an electric shock. Disconnect the power or remove the batteries and
be sure that you do not touch any of the product’s electrical components,
and then bring the flash unit to your local Nikon dealer or authorized service
center for repair.
5 If you detect heat, smoke or notice a burning smell, immediately stop
operation and remove the batteries to prevent the unit from catching on
fire or melting. Allow the flash unit to cool down so that you can safely touch
it and remove the batteries. Then bring the unit to your local Nikon dealer or
authorized service center for repair.
6 The flash unit should never be submerged in liquid or exposed to rain,
saltwater or moisture unless it is properly protected from the liquids
and moisture. Underwater use requires a certified underwater housing.
If water or moisture gets inside the unit, this could cause the unit to catch on
fire or cause an electric shock. In such instances you should immediately
remove the batteries from the speedlight and then bring the unit to your
local Nikon dealer or authorized service center for repair.
Note: electronic devices that are penetrated by water or moisture are often
not economically repairable.
7 Do not use the unit in the presence of flammable or explosive gas.
If the flash unit is operated in areas where there is a flammable gas,
including propane, gasoline and dust, it could cause an explosion or fire.
8 Do not fire the flash unit directly at the driver of a moving car, as this
could temporarily impair the driver’s vision and cause an accident.
9 Do not fire the flash unit directly into the eyes of someone that is at
close range, as it could damage their eyes’ retinas. Never fire the flash unit
closer than 1 meter from infants.
Preparation
WARNINGS for Speedlights
ii
For your safety
10 Do not fire the unit while the flash head is touching a person or object.
Such use can result in the person being burned, and/or their clothes igniting
from the heat of the flash’s firing.
11 Keep small accessories out of the reach of children to avoid the
possibility of the accessory being swallowed. If an accessory is accidentally
swallowed, immediately consult with a doctor.
12 Use only the batteries specified in this instruction manual. Batteries
other than those specified could leak corrosive liquids, explode or catch on
fire or otherwise not perform satisfactorily.
13 Do not mix battery types, brands or old and new batteries, as the
batteries could leak corrosive liquids, explode or catch on fire. When using
more than one battery in a product, always use identical batteries that were
purchased at the same time.
14 Non-rechargeable batteries such as manganese, alkaline-manganese
and lithium batteries should never be charged in a battery charger
because they could leak corrosive liquids, explode or catch on fire.
15 When using standard size (AA, AAA, C, D) or other common
rechargeable batteries such as NiCd and Ni-MH battery types, or when
recharging them, be sure to use only the battery charger specified by
the battery maker and read the instructions thoroughly. Do not recharge
these batteries with their terminals reversed in the charger or before the
batteries have cooled off sufficiently because they could leak corrosive
liquids, explode or catch on fire. The same caution also applies to using the
rechargeable batteries that may be supplied by the photo product’s
manufacturer.
CAUTIONS for Speedlights
1 Do not touch the flash unit with wet hands, as this could cause an
electric shock.
2 Keep the flash unit away from children to prevent them from putting the
unit in or near their mouth, or otherwise touching a dangerous part of
the product; as such contact could cause an electric shock.
3 Do not apply strong physical shocks to the unit, as this could cause a
malfunction that could cause the unit to explode or catch on fire.
4 Never use active agents that contain flammable substances such as
paint thinner, benzene or paint remover to clean the unit, and never
store the unit in locations containing chemicals such as camphor and
naphthalene, as this could damage the plastic case, cause a fire or cause
an electric shock.
iii
WARNINGS for Batteries
1 Never heat or throw batteries into a fire, as this could cause the batteries
to leak corrosive liquids, generate heat or explode.
2 Do not short-circuit or disassemble the batteries because this could
cause the batteries to leak corrosive liquids, generate heat or explode.
3 Do not mix battery types, brands or old and new batteries, as this could
cause the batteries to leak corrosive liquids, generate heat or explode.
4 Do not install batteries in the reverse direction as this could cause the
batteries to leak corrosive liquids, generate heat or explode. Even if only
one battery is installed in reverse it will cause the speedlight to
malfunction.
5 Be sure to use the battery charger specified by the battery maker to
avoid the possibility of batteries leaking corrosive liquids, generating heat or
exploding.
6 Do not carry or store batteries along with metallic materials such as
necklaces and hair pins because such materials could cause the batteries
to short-circuit, leading to battery leakage, heat generation or an explosion.
In addition, specially when carrying a quantity of batteries, place them
carefully in a storage case that prevents the battery terminals from
touching another battery’s terminals because if they touch in reverse
order it could also cause the batteries to short-circuit, leading to battery
leakage, heat generation or an explosion.
7 If corrosive liquids seep from the batteries and get in your eyes,
immediately wash your eyes with running water and consult with a
doctor. Your eyes could be seriously damaged if they are not treated
quickly.
8 If corrosive liquids seep from the batteries and come in contact with
your skin or clothes, wash immediately with running water. Prolonged
contact could injure your skin.
9 Always follow the warnings and instructions printed on the batteries to
avoid activities that could cause the batteries to leak corrosive liquids,
generate heat or catch on fire.
10 Be sure to use only batteries specified in this instruction manual, to
avoid the possibility of batteries leaking corrosive liquids, generating heat or
exploding.
Preparation
5 Remove any batteries from the unit before storing the unit for a long
time to prevent the unit from catching on fire or leaking corrosive liquids.
iv
For your safety
11 Never open the casing surrounding batteries or use batteries whose
casing has been breached as such batteries could leak corrosive liquids,
generate heat or explode.
12 Keep batteries out of the reach of children to help avoid the possibility of
them being swallowed. If a battery is accidentally swallowed, immediately
consult with a doctor.
13 Batteries should not be submerged in water, exposed to rain, moisture
or saltwater unless they are properly protected from the wet
environment. If water or moisture gets inside the batteries, this could cause
them to leak corrosive liquids or generate heat.
14 Do not use any battery that appears abnormal in any way, including a
change in color or shape. Such batteries could leak corrosive liquids or
generate heat.
15 Stop recharging rechargeable batteries if you notice that recharging is
not completed within the specified time to help prevent the possibility of
the battery leaking corrosive liquids or generating heat.
16 When recycling or disposing of batteries, be sure to insulate their
terminals with tape. If the battery’s positive and negative terminals shortcircuit after coming into contact with metallic objects, it could cause fire,
heat generation or an explosion. Dispose of used batteries in accordance
with local government regulations.
17 Non-rechargeable batteries should never be charged in a battery
charger because they could leak corrosive liquids or generate heat.
18 Remove dead batteries from your equipment immediately, as they could
leak corrosive liquids, generate heat or explode.
CAUTION for Batteries
Do not throw or apply strong physical shocks to the batteries as this
could cause batteries to leak corrosive liquids, generate heat or explode.
v
Contents
Preparation
· For your safety.....................................................................i-v
· Foreword ............................................................................4-6
· Tips on using the Speedlight ................................................7
· Camera groups and available flash modes ......................8-9
· Speedlight parts and their functions .............................10-11
· Control buttons....................................................................12
· Icons on the LCD panel.................................................13-15
· Lenses.................................................................................16
• Basic operation .................................................................17
1 Installing the batteries ..................................................18-19
2 Test firing (Confirming the exposure) ...........................20-21
3 Attach the SB-800 to the camera and adjust
the flash head ............................................................22-23
4 Setting the ISO sensitivity .............................................24-25
5 Adjust the zoom-head position.....................................26-27
6 Setting the camera’s exposure mode and
metering system.........................................................28-29
7 Setting the SB-800’s flash mode ..................................30-31
8 Compose the picture and shoot with flash...................32-33
Using the SB-800 with the COOLPIX ....................................34
• Detailed operation.............................................................35
·
·
·
·
·
·
SB-800’s available flash modes ..........................................36
TTL auto flash mode ...........................................................37
Non-TTL auto flash mode ..............................................38-41
Manual mode .................................................................42-50
Notes on continuous flash shooting....................................51
Checking the correct exposure before shooting ................52
• Other functions .................................................................53
· Exposure compensation and flash output level
compensation ..............................................................54-56
· Flash-shooting distance range with zoom lenses
having a variable aperture ...............................................57
· Slow-sync flash mode, Red-eye reduction control,
and Rear-curtain sync .................................................58-59
1
Contents
·
·
·
·
·
Auto FP High-Speed Sync mode........................................60
Flash Value Lock (FV Lock) ................................................61
Autofocus flash operation in dim light ...........................62-63
Using the Quick Recycling Battery Pack SD-800 .........64-65
Checking the illumination before actually
taking the picture (Modeling illuminator)..........................66
· Custom functions ................................................................67
· Custom settings .............................................................68-70
• Advanced operations........................................................71
·
·
·
·
·
Overview of multiple flash operation .............................72-73
Wireless multiple flash shooting ....................................74-75
Flash shooting in Advanced Wireless Lighting .............76-83
SU-4 type wireless multiple flash shooting....................84-88
Confirming wireless multiple flash operation
using the ready-light or the beeping sound.....................89
· Multiple flash shooting using cords ...............................90-93
· System chart for TTL multiple flash shooting
using cords..................................................................94-95
· Flash shooting with digital SLRs cameras
using colored gel filters...............................................96-97
· Bounce flash operation................................................98-101
· Close-up flash operation............................................102-105
Flash shooting in the 1/300 TTL High-Speed
Flash sync mode (F5 only) .............................................106
• Reference information ....................................................107
· TTL auto flash modes available
with the SB-800 .......................................................108-110
· Optional accessories .................................................111-113
· Tips on Speedlight care....................................................114
· Notes on batteries.............................................................115
· Troubleshooting..........................................................116-118
· About the LCD panel ........................................................119
· Specifications.............................................................120-123
· Index ..........................................................................124-125
2
Preparation
This section provides preliminary
information on using the SB-800.
Basic operation
Basic procedures to take simple,
properly exposed flash photographs in
the TTL auto flash mode.
Detailed operation
A variety of flash modes available with
the SB-800 are explained.
Other functions
Detailed information on each function
of the SB-800 is provided.
Advanced operations
Information on advanced flash
shooting techniques using the SB-800
is described.
Reference information
Optional accessories, Troubleshooting,
Speedlight care, Specifications, etc.
are presented in this section.
3
Foreword
Thank you for purchasing the Nikon Speedlight SB-800. To get the
most out of your Speedlight, please read this instruction manual
thoroughly before use. Also, read the separate booklet, “A collection of
example photos,” which provides an overview of the SB-800’s flashshooting capabilities with example photos. In addition, keep your
camera instruction manual handy for quick reference.
■■■ Main features and functions of the SB-800
• The SB-800 is a high-performance Speedlight with a guide number of 38/125
(ISO 100, m/ft.) or 53/174 (ISO 200, m/ft.) (at the 35mm zoom-head position,
20°C/68°F.) According to the camera and lens combination used with the
SB-800, you can perform various types of TTL auto flash (p. 37), Non-TTL
auto flash (p. 38), and Manual flash (p. 42).
• A power zoom function automatically adjusts the zoom-head position to
match the lens focal length (with the exception of some camera/lens
combinations) (p. 26). When the built-in wide-flash adapter is used or the
Nikon Diffusion Dome is attached (p. 27), the zoom-head position is
automatically set to match a 14mm or 17mm lens.
• The flash head tilts up to 90° or down to –7° and rotates horizontally 180° to
the left and 90° to the right, enabling bounce flash (p. 98) or close-up flash
photography (p. 102).
• The Nikon Creative Lighting System provides a variety of advanced
wireless multiple flash operations when the SB-800 is used with
compatible cameras (p. 5).
• When doing bounce flash or taking close-ups with flash, you can use the
built-in wide-flash adapter in conjunction with Nikon Diffusion Dome to create
extremely soft, diffused lighting with virtually no shadows, while maintaining
balanced lighting for the main subject and the background (pp. 101, 104).
• Custom functions are provided to set values, or activate or cancel functions
that are unnecessary to set each time (p. 67).
u Life-long learning
As part of Nikon’s “Life-long learning” commitment to ongoing product support
and education, continually-updated information is available on-line at the
following sites:
• For users in the U.S.A.: http://www.nikonusa.com/
• For users in Europe: http://www.europe-nikon.com/support
• For users in Asia, Oceania, the Middle East, and Africa: http://www.nikon-asia.com/
Visit these sites to keep up-to-date with the latest product information, tips,
answers to frequently-asked questions (FAQs), and general advice on digital
imaging and photography. Additional information may be available from the
Nikon representative in your area. See the URL below for contact information:
http://nikonimaging.com/
4
The SB-800 features the Nikon Creative Lighting System (CLS). This system
offers additional flash shooting possibilities with digital cameras by taking
advantage of camera’s digital communication capabilities. CLS is available
only when the SB-800 is used with compatible Nikon cameras. The SB-800
offers these major features:
Preparation
Nikon Creative Lighting System
• i-TTL mode
This is a TTL auto flash mode in the Nikon Creative Lighting System. Monitor
Preflashes are fired at all times. The subject is correctly exposed by the light
from the flash lighting and the exposure is less affected by the ambient
light (p. 37).
• Advanced Wireless Lighting
With the Advanced Wireless Lighting, wireless multiple flash operation in the
TTL (i-TTL) mode can now be accomplished with digital SLRs. In this mode,
you can divide the remote flash units into three groups and control the flash
output independently for each group, expanding your range of creative
multiple-flash shooting techniques (p. 76).
• Flash Value Lock
Flash Value, or “FV,” is the amount of flash exposure for the subject. Using
FV Lock with compatible cameras, you can lock in the appropriate flash
exposure for the main subject. This flash exposure is locked in, even if you
change the aperture or composition, or zoom the lens in and out (p. 61).
• Flash Color Information Communication
When the SB-800 is used with compatible digital SLRs, color temperature
information is automatically transmitted to the camera. In this way, the
camera’s white balance is automatically adjusted to give you the correct color
temperature when taking photographs with the SB-800.
• Auto FP High-Speed Sync
High-Speed flash synchronization at your camera’s highest shutter speed is
now possible. This is useful when you want to use a wider aperture to achieve
shallow depth of field to blur the background (p. 60).
• Wide-Area AF-Assist Illuminator
In autofocus operation, the SB-800 emits AF-Assist illumination over a wider
area. This enables you to perform autofocus photography in dim light even
when you change the camera’s focus area with cameras supporting this
function (p. 62).
See your equivalent camera’s instruction manual for details on the Nikon
Creative Lighting System.
5
Foreword
■■■ Notes
• Default: Functions and flash modes preset when shipped from the factory
are referred to as “Default” settings in this manual.
• CLS:
Hereafter, Nikon’s new Speedlight system “Nikon Creative Lighting
System” is abbreviated “CLS.”
■■■ Marks used in this manual
v: Denotes important points to prevent malfunction or shooting failure.
t: Useful points that should be remembered for better usage of the SB-800.
• u: Provides convenient reference information when using the SB-800
•
•
■■■ Supplied accessories
Quick Recycling Battery Pack
SD-800
Colored Gel Filter Set SJ-800:
FL-G1, TN-A1
6
Speedlight Stand
AS-19
Nikon Diffusion Dome
SW-10H
Soft Case SS-800
Tips on using the Speedlight
Make trial shots before photographing important occasions like weddings or
graduations.
Have Nikon spot-check your Speedlight regularly
Nikon recommends that you have your Speedlight serviced by an authorized
dealer or service center at least once every two years.
Preparation
Take trial shots
Using your Speedlight correctly
The Nikon Speedlight SB-800’s performance has been optimized for use with
Nikon brand cameras/accessories including lenses.
Camera/accessories made by other manufacturers may not meet Nikon’s
criteria for specifications, and nonconforming cameras/accessories could
damage the SB-800’s components. Nikon cannot guarantee the SB-800’s
performance when used with non-Nikon products.
Notes:
• The Nikon N90s, N90, N75-Series, N70, N60, N55-Series, N50, N8008, N8008s,
PRONEA 6i, N6006, N6000, N5005, N4004s and N4004 are sold exclusively
in the U.S.A.
• The Nikon N80-Series, N65-Series are sold exclusively in the U.S.A. and Central
and South America.
• The Nikon N2020 and N2000 are sold exclusively in the U.S.A and Canada.
7
Camera groups and available flash modes
In this manual, Nikon cameras are divided into 10 groups, including cameras
compatible with CLS*, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS* and cameras in
Groups I to VII, unless otherwise noted. First, consult the camera group table to
see which group your camera belongs to. Then as you read the manual, you will
find specific information on how to use the SB-800 with your particular camera.
*CLS: Nikon Creative Lighting System (p. 5)
TTL auto flash mode (p. 37)
Group
Cameras
compatible
with CLS*
Digital
SLRs not
compatible
with CLS*
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
COOLPIX
cameras
compatible
with i-TTL
Camera name
D
D D o
i-TTL
D-TTL
TTL
–
–
D3, D2-Series, D300, D200, D80,
D70-Series, D60, D50, D40-Series, F6
D1-Series, D100
F5, F100, F90X/N90s, F90-Series/N90,
F80-Series/N80-Series, F75-Series/
N75-Series, F70-Series/N70
F4-Series, F65-Series/N65-Series,
F-801s/N8008s, F-801/N8008,
Pronea 600i/6i
F-601/N6006, F-601M/N6000
F60-Series/N60, F50-Series/N50,
F-401x/N5005
F-501/N2020, F-401s/N4004s,
F-401/N4004, F-301/N2000
FM3A, FA, FE2, FG, Nikonos V,
F3-Series (with the AS-17)
New FM2, FM10, FE10, F3-Series,
F55-Series/N55-Series
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
*5
–
–
*5
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
COOLPIX 8400, COOLPIX 8800,
COOLPIX P5000, COOLPIX P5100
*1 o: Balanced Fill-Flash. This always appears together with D (p. 37).
*2 Wireless multiple flash in the i-TTL mode is possible.
*3 TTL mode is not possible with digital SLR cameras.
8
*1
● : Available
– : Not available
Non-TTL auto flash mode (p. 38)
B
A
Auto
Non-TTL
Aperture flash auto flash
Manual mode ( p. 42)
p
Distancepriority
manual
flash
Wireless multiple flash
G
q
Manual
flash
Repeating
flash
Advanced
SU-4 type
Wireless
Lighting (master flash)
(p. 84)
(p. 76)
*2
*4
Preparation
The SB-800’s available flash modes vary, depending on the cameras and lenses in
use or the camera’s exposure mode and metering system. For more details, refer to
“Detailed operation” (p. 35), “TTL auto flash modes available with the SB-800” (p.108)
and your camera’s instruction manual.
*3
*3
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
6
*
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
*4 Distance-priority manual flash p is not possible with D1X and D1H digital cameras.
*5 While performing Balanced Fill-Flash, no o icon appears.
*6 Repeating flash is not possible with the F3-Series (using the AS-17).
9
Speedlight parts and their functions
7
1
8
2
9
10
11
3
4
12
13
14
5
6
1 Control button quick reference
(p. 12)
10
2 Flash head (p. 100)
Can be tilted up to 90° or down to –7°, and
rotated horizontally 180° to the left and 90° to
the right.
3 Flash head tilting/rotating lock
release button (p. 22)
4 Light sensor window for wireless
remote flash (p. 74)
Setting the SB-800 as a remote flash unit
(P. 76)
5 Battery chamber lid attachment
indexes (p. 18)
6 Battery chamber lid (p. 18)
7 Built-in bounce card (p. 101)
Creates a highlight in the subject’s eyes in
bounce flash photography.
8 Built-in wide-flash adapter (p. 104)
Increases the angle of coverage to match a
14mm or 17mm lens.
15
9 Wide-area AF-assist illuminator
(p. 62)
Automatically turns on for autofocus operation
when the light is dim.
10 External power source terminal
(supplied with cover) (p. 113)
11 Light sensor window for Non-TTL
auto flash (p. 38)
Senses reflected light from the subject in Auto
Aperture B or Non-TTL auto A flash
mode.
12 External AF-assist illuminator
contacts (for SC-29)
Accepts optional TTL Remote Cord SC-29
13 Mount pin
14 Hot-shoe contacts
15 Mounting foot
Preparation
16
17
18
22
19
20
DY
21
REA
FLA
SH
23
24
25
16 Flash head tilting angle scale
(p. 100)
17 Modeling illuminator button (p. 66)
Press to fire flash repeatedly to check the
illumination and the shadows cast on the
subject before taking pictures.
Wireless remote flash cancel
button (p. 75)
The SB-800 will not fire, while this button
is pressed.
18 Flash head rotating angle scale
(p. 100)
19 Terminal cover
21 Sync terminal (p. 93)
Connects the SB-800 to the sync terminal of
the remote flash unit(s) in other than TTL
multiple flash operation using cords.
22 LCD panel (p. 119)
23 Control buttons (p. 12)
24 Ready-light
Lights up when the SB-800 is fully recycled
and ready to fire. Blinks after the SB-800 fires
at its maximum output in various auto flash
modes, indicating that the light may be
insufficient.
25 Mounting foot lock lever (p. 22)
20 TTL multiple flash terminal (p. 92)
Connects the SB-800 to the remote flash
unit(s) in TTL multiple flash operation
using cords.
11
Control buttons
e button/f button
Press to increase or decrease the values of the
highlighted items.
b button
Press for approx. 0.3 sec. to turn the power on
and off.
FLASH button
Press to test fire the flash (p. 20).
a button
Press to set the flash mode (p. 30).
Multi Selector
g button
• Press to select the items to be set. The selected
item is highlighted and can be changed using
the e and f buttons.
• Press for approx. 2 sec. to display the Custom
settings mode (p. 68).
c button (wide)/d button (tele)
Press to change the zoom-head position (p. 26).
Recalling the underexposure value in the TTL auto
flash mode
Press the a and g buttons simultaneously to recall
the underexposure value (p. 33).
Resetting the settings
Press the a and b buttons simultaneously for
approx. 2 sec. to reset all settings, including the custom
settings (except the distance unit selected in m/ft) to
their default values.
Button lock
Press the b and g buttons simultaneously to lock
the functions of the control buttons (except the b,
Modeling illuminator, and FLASH buttons) to avoid
accidental malfunction. Press the buttons again to
release the lock.
Control button quick reference
Procedures for Custom settings, recalling the
underexposure value in the TTL auto flash
mode, resetting all settings to their default
values, and the button lock are shown in the
Control button quick reference chart on the
back of the built-in bounce card.
12
Icons on the LCD panel
Preparation
Icons on the LCD panel show the status of the operations set. These icons
vary depending on the settings, the combination of camera/lens, and the
exposure mode.
■■■ Icons with a single flash unit
Icons when a camera compatible
with CLS* is used.
Monitor Preflashes
Just before the flash fires, the
SB-800 fires a series of
imperceptible preflashes that
are detected by the camera’s
TTL Multi-Sensor and analyzed
for brightness and contrast
(p. 36).
TTL mode
Based on the exposure control
information, the camera
automatically controls the flash
output level to give the correct
exposure (p. 37).
Balanced Fill-Flash
This always appears together
with D. Based on the exposure
control information, the flash
output level is automatically
controlled for a well-balanced
exposure of the main subject
and background (p.37).
Auto FP High-Speed Sync
(CLS*)
The SB-800 automatically fires
at faster shutter speeds
exceeding the camera’s sync
shutter speed (p. 60).
Auto Aperture flash
In addition to Non-TTL auto
A flash (see below), the
SB-800’s built-in sensor
correctly controls the flash
output in combination with data
automatically transmitted from
the camera and lens to the
SB-800, including the ISO
sensitivity, aperture, focal
length, and exposure
compensation value (p. 38).
Non-TTL auto flash
The SB-800’s built-in sensor
measures the flash illumination
reflected back from the subject,
controlling the SB-800’s light
output automatically to give the
correct exposure (p. 40).
Distance-priority manual flash
Based on the ISO sensitivity
value and aperture, the SB-800
controls the light output
according to the distance value
entered (p. 44).
Manual flash
The flash always fires at a
specified output in combination
with the aperture and light
output level (p. 46).
Repeating flash
The SB-800 fires repeatedly
during a single exposure,
creating stroboscopic multipleexposure effects (p. 48).
*CLS: Nikon Creative Lighting System (p. 5)
13
Icons on the LCD panel
Compatible with CLS (CLS*)
The SB-800 is connected to
cameras compatible with CLS*
(p. 8).
Standby duration
Represents the time before the
standby function is activated
(p. 67).
Power zoom function
The zoom-head position is
automatically adjusted to match
the lens focal length (p. 26).
The wide-area AF-assist
illuminator is activated
The wide-area AF-assist
illuminator comes on (p. 62).
Power zoom
(auto) function
The zoom-head position is
automatically adjusted to match
the lens focal length when the
SB-800 is used with COOLPIX
cameras compatible with i-TTL
(p. 26).
The wide-area AF-assist
illuminator is canceled
The wide-area AF-assist
illuminator does not come on
(p. 62).
Manual zoom-head position
setting
You can adjust the zoom-head
position manually (p. 26).
Canceling the power zoom
function
The power zoom is canceled,
and the zoom-head position can
only be adjusted manually (p. 26).
Control buttons being locked
Control buttons (except the
ON/OFF, Modeling illuminator
and FLASH buttons) are locked
(p. 12).
Zoom-head position setting if
the built-in wide-flash adapter
is broken off accidentally
The zoom-head position can be
adjusted if the built-in wide-flash
adapter is broken off
accidentally (p. 117).
Red-eye reduction
Red-eye reduction control is
activated (p. 58).
ISO sensitivity
Represents the ISO sensitivity
value (p. 24).
Beyond the flash-shooting
distance range
The subject is beyond the flash
shooting distance range.
Ω: the closest available
distance, º: the farthest
available distance (p. 30).
Flash output level
compensation
Represents the flash output level
compensation value (p. 56).
Underexposure
Indicates the underexposure
value, showing that the light
might be insufficient in the TTL
auto flash mode (p. 33).
14
Flash firing canceled
The SB-800 does not fire but the
wide-area AF-assist illuminator
still comes on (p. 62).
LCD panel illuminator
Pressing any control button
turns on the LCD panel
illuminator (p. 119).
Icons in the Advanced Wireless Lighting mode
Wireless master
In the wireless multiple flash
mode, the SB-800 is used as
the master flash unit connected
to the camera (p. 72).
Wireless remote
In the wireless multiple flash
mode, the SB-800 is set as a
remote flash unit, which fires in
sync with the master flash unit
(p. 72).
Wireless remote
In the wireless multiple flash
mode, the SB-800 is set as a
remote flash unit, which fires in
sync with the master flash unit
(p. 72).
Sound monitor on
When the SB-800 is set as a
remote flash unit, you can
monitor its operation by listening
to the beeping sound (p. 89).
Preparation
■■■ Icons with multiple flash units
Master (CLS*)
Represents the settings of the
flash mode and flash output
level compensation value of the
master unit in the Advanced
Wireless Lighting mode (p. 78).
(B,C)
Group A (B, C) (CLS*)
Represents the settings of the
flash mode and flash output
level compensation value of the
remote flash unit(s) in Group A
(B, C) in the Advanced Wireless
Lighting mode (p. 78).
Channel (CLS*)
Represents the communication
channel number through which
the master and remote flash
units exchange data in the
Advanced Wireless Lighting
mode (p. 78).
Sound monitor canceled
“Beeping” sound is off (p. 89).
■■■ Highlighted items
Highlighted items indicate that they can be set or
changed. The highlighted items return to normal
after 8 seconds unless an adjustment is made.
*CLS: Nikon Creative Lighting System (p. 5)
15
Lenses
In this manual, Nikkor lenses are divided into two types: CPU Nikkor lenses
and non-CPU Nikkor lenses.
CPU Nikkor lenses
G-type Nikkor, D-type Nikkor, Non-G/D-type AF Nikkor
(except for AF Nikkor for the F3AF), AI-P Nikkor
Non-CPU Nikkor lenses
AI-S Nikkor, AI Nikkor, Series E, etc.
CPU lenses
CPU lenses have CPU contacts.
G-type Nikkor lenses
G-type Nikkor lenses send distance information
to the camera body, but do not have an aperture
ring. Therefore, set the aperture on the camera
body. With some cameras, the usable exposure
mode is limited. For more details, refer to the
lens instruction manual.
D-type Nikkor lenses
D-type Nikkor lenses send distance information
to the camera body. Set the aperture either on
the lens aperture ring or on the camera body.
For more details, refer to the lens instruction
manual.
16
Basic operation
In this section, basic procedures are
illustrated so that you can easily perform
flash photography in the TTL auto flash mode.
You can easily perform flash photography by
following Steps 1–8 on the left-hand pages.
In this section, basic procedures are described when a
CPU lens is mounted on cameras compatible with CLS*,
digital SLRs not compatible with CLS*, and cameras in
Groups I to II. The SB-800’s available functions and the
LCD display vary depending on other camera/lens
combinations.
*CLS: Nikon Creative Lighting System (p. 5)
1
Installing the batteries
1
Slide open the battery chamber lid in the
direction of the arrow.
2
Install the batteries following the i and
j marks as shown. Align the battery
chamber lid attachment indexes, then
close the battery chamber lid by sliding it
into place while pressing down.
v Usable batteries
Install four AA-type penlight batteries (1.5V or lower) of any of these types:
(1) Alkaline-manganese (1.5V) (2) Lithium (1.5V) (3) Nickel (1.5V)
(4) NiCd (rechargeable, 1.2V) (5) Ni-MH (Nickel Metal Hydride) (rechargeable, 1.2V)
• When replacing batteries, replace all four (or five when using the Quick Recycling
Battery Pack SD-800) with fresh ones of the same brand.
• High-power manganese batteries are not recommended for use with the SB-800.
• Always carry extra batteries when traveling.
• For details on batteries, refer to “Notes on batteries” on page 115.
CAUTION!
• Do not use batteries not specified in this instruction manual, as this may
cause them to explode, leak corrosive liquids, or catch on fire.
• Do not mix battery brands or types, or use old with new batteries.
Otherwise the batteries may explode, leak corrosive liquids, or catch on fire.
• Do not recharge non-rechargeable batteries in a battery charger.
Otherwise the batteries may leak corrosive liquids or generate heat.
t Obtaining faster recycling times using 5 batteries
Use the provided Quick Recycling Battery Pack SD-800 to install five batteries
to shorten the recycling time. See page 64 for more details.
18
When using four (or five) fresh batteries of the same type and the Speedlight
fires at M1/1 output.
Batteries
Number of
batteries
Min. recycling time
(approx.)
Min. number of flashes/
recycling time
Alkalinemanganese
x4
6.0 sec.
130 / 6-30 sec.
x5
5.0 sec.
130 / 5-30 sec.
Lithium
x4
7.5 sec.
170 / 7.5-30 sec.
x5
7.5 sec.
190 / 7.5-30 sec.
x4
6.0 sec.
140 / 6-30 sec.
Nickel
x5
5.0 sec.
140 / 5-30 sec.
NiCd (1000 mAh)
(rechargeable)
x4
4.0 sec.
90 / 4-30 sec.
x5
3.5 sec.
90 / 3.5-30 sec.
Ni-MH (2000 mA)
(rechargeable)
x4
4.0 sec.
150 / 4-30 sec.
x5
2.9 sec.
150 / 2.9-30 sec.
Basic operation
■■■ Minimum number of flashes and recycling times
• Minimum recycling time is for operation using fresh batteries.
• This data was measured without using the wide-area AF-assist illuminator, zoom-head
position adjustment, or LCD panel illumination.
• The above data may vary due to variations in battery performance.
■■■ Replacing/recharging the batteries
Refer to the following table to determine when to replace or recharge your
batteries, if the ready-light takes a long time to come on.
Type of battery
Recycling time
Alkaline-manganese
More than 30 seconds
Lithium
More than 10 seconds
Nickel
More than 10 seconds
Ni-Cd (rechargeable)
Ni-MH (rechargeable)
More than 10 seconds
Remedy
Replace
Recharge
If extremely exhausted batteries are used, a strange sound can be heard caused by the
flash head zooming back and forth even when the SB-800 is turned off. In this case,
replace the SB-800’s batteries even if an external battery source is used.
t External power sources
Using an optional external power source increases the number of flash firings
and provides faster recycling times (p. 113).
19
2
Test firing (Confirming the exposure)
1
Press the b button for approx. 0.3 sec.
to turn on the SB-800. Make sure the
ready-light comes on.
2
Press the FLASH button to test fire the
flash.
■■■ Test firing
CAUTION!
When test firing the Speedlight, never position your eyes close to the
flash head.
• The SB-800 fires at specified output in the Manual flash mode, or at approx.
1/16 output in the Distance-priority manual or TTL auto flash mode.
• In Auto Aperture/Non-TTL auto flash operations, the SB-800 fires at a flash
output controlled by the ISO sensitivity, aperture, and zoom-head position.
• In Auto Aperture/Non-TTL auto flash operations, you can check the amount of
insufficient flash output by pressing the FLASH button before taking the
actual picture (p. 52).
■■■ b button
Pressing the b button for approx. 0.3 sec. turns the SB-800 on and the
indications appear on the LCD panel. Pressing the button again turns the
SB-800 off and the indications disappear.
20
If the SB-800 and the camera are not used for more than a specified time, the
standby function activates and automatically turns the SB-800 off to conserve
battery power (it goes into the standby mode).
• In the standby mode, the R indicator appears on the LCD panel.
• When in the standby mode, the SB-800 turns back on again when the SB-800’s b or
FLASH button is pressed, or the shutter release button is lightly pressed (when using a
camera body that is compatible with TTL auto flash) (p. 8).
• In the Wireless flash mode, the standby function activates in approx. 40 seconds
(default setting) when the SB-800 is used as the master flash unit. However, the standby
function does not work regardless of the SB-800’s setting when the Speedlight is used
as a remote flash unit (p. 73).
• If the ready-light does not come on in approx. 60 seconds after turning the power on or
after the flash has fired, the SB-800 enters the standby mode regardless of the SB-800’s
setting.
• To avoid accidental firing or a malfunction when carrying the SB-800 in your camera
bag, press the b button to turn the flash unit off and make sure the R indicator
disappears.
Basic operation
t Standby function to conserve battery power
Adjusting the time before the SB-800 goes into the standby mode
Adjust this duration using Custom settings (p. 67).
21
3
Attach the SB-800 to the camera and
FLA
1
Make sure the SB-800 and the camera
body are turned off.
2
Rotate the mounting foot lock lever to the
left, slide the SB-800’s mounting foot into
the camera’s accessory shoe and turn the
lock lever to the right.
3
Hold down the flash head tilting/rotating
lock release button to adjust the flash
head to the horizontal/front position.
SH
v Turn the mounting foot lock lever securely until it stops
To lock the Speedlight in place, turn the lock lever approx. 90° clockwise until it
stops. To unlock, turn the lever counterclockwise until it stops.
Lock
22
Unlock
t Warning indication
If the flash head is not adjusted to the horizontal/front position, when the power
is turned on, this warning appears on the LCD panel. See page 100 for the
flash head’s rotating angle.
• A dotted line below the underbar appears when
the flash head is tilted down –7°.
Basic operation
adjust the flash head
• The flash shooting distance range disappears if
the flash head is adjusted to other than the
horizontal/front or down –7° position.
23
4
Setting the ISO sensitivity
In this manual, the sensitivity for digital SLRs and the film speed for film-based
cameras are generally referred to as ISO sensitivity.
For cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS,
cameras in Groups I to II, and COOLPIX cameras compatible with i-TTL, the
ISO sensitivity is automatically set and appears on the LCD panel when the
camera and SB-800 are turned ON.
■■■ Available ISO sensitivity in TTL auto flash operation
The SB-800’s maximum ISO sensitivity range usable in the TTL auto flash mode
is ISO 25 to 1000.
• The ISO sensitivity range may become narrower, depending on the cameras in use. For
details, see your camera instruction manual.
• The flash shooting distance range on the SB-800’s LCD panel varies, depending on the
ISO sensitivity. Therefore, be sure to set the ISO sensitivity correctly.
u Digital data communication with the SB-800
When the SB-800 is used with cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not
compatible with CLS, cameras in Groups I to II, or COOLPIX cameras
compatible with i-TTL, digital data communication is performed. The camera
automatically sends the ISO sensitivity to the SB-800. With a CPU lens, the
aperture and focal length are automatically set on the SB-800 (except for
COOLPIX cameras compatible with i-TTL).
u Notes on setting the Speedlight’s ISO sensitivity
In the TTL auto flash mode and Manual flash mode (except Distance-priority
manual p flash), there is no direct connection between setting the ISO
sensitivity on the Speedlight and controlling the flash output level. Setting the
ISO sensitivity is for correctly displaying the flash shooting distance range or
the shooting distance indication on the Speedlight’s LCD panel.
In the Non-TTL auto flash mode (Auto Aperture flash B/Non-TTL auto flash
A) and Distance-priority manual p flash operation, the correct exposure can
be obtained by setting the camera’s ISO sensitivity on the Speedlight, because
the Speedlight controls the flash output. For cameras compatible with CLS,
digital SLRs not compatible with CLS, cameras in Groups I to II and COOLPIX
cameras compatible with i-TTL, the ISO sensitivity is automatically transferred
from the camera to the Speedlight.
24
For cameras in Groups III to VII, set the ISO sensitivity in the Custom settings
mode (p. 67).
1
Turn the SB-800 off once, then turn it back
on. After that, turn on the camera body.
2
Press the g button for approx. 2 sec. to
display the Custom settings mode.
3
Press the e/f button and c/d button
to select “ISO”, then press the g button.
4
Press the e or f button to highlight the
preferred ISO sensitivity.
5
Press the g button for approx. 2 sec. or
press the b button to return to the
normal display.
Basic operation
■■■ Setting the ISO sensitivity for cameras in Groups III to VII
25
5
Adjust the zoom-head position
1
The zoom-head position is indicated on
the LCD panel.
• The zoom-head position is automatically
adjusted by the power zoom function or it can
be manually adjusted.
• The guide number indicating flash output
level varies according to the zoom-head
position (p. 43).
■■■ The power zoom function
When the SB-800 is used with cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not
compatible with CLS, and cameras in Groups I to II in combination with a CPU
lens, the power zoom function activates and the zoom head is automatically
adjusted.
• The zoom-head position is automatically adjusted within the range of 24mm, 28mm,
35mm to 105mm in increments of 5mm between 35mm and 105mm when the power
zoom function is activated.
• When the lens focal length is not one of those indicated above, the zoom head adjusts
to the closest wideangle setting of the lens in use. For example, if the zoom setting of a
CPU lens is between 36mm and 39mm, the zoom-head position is adjusted to 35mm.
• If a small M does not appear above the “ZOOM” indication on the LCD panel, the zoomhead position will be automatically adjusted. If a small M appears, press the c or d
button several times until it disappears.
Power zoom activated
Power zoom canceled
tWhen the SB-800 is used with COOLPIX cameras compatible
with i-TTL
The zoom-head position is automatically adjusted by the power zoom function.
“AUTO” appears along with “ZOOM”, but without a zoom-head position on the
LCD panel.
26
When the SB-800 is used with cameras in Groups III to VII in combination with
a non-CPU lens, or you want to change the zoom-head position to one that
does not match the focal length, you should adjust the zoom-head position
manually.
• Press the c button to move toward a wideangle setting and the d button to move
Basic operation
■■■ Setting the zoom-head position manually
toward a telephoto setting.
• A small M above the “ZOOM” indication appears on the LCD panel while manually
setting the zoom-head position.
• When the camera/lens combination is compatible with the power zoom function, the
zoom-head position changes as follows, when a 35mm lens is attached:
M24mm ±∞ M28mm ±∞ 35mm ±∞ M50mm ±∞ M70mm±∞ M85mm ±∞ M105mm
• Generally, set the zoom-head position to the focal length of the lens in use or to the
closest wideangle setting. For example, select the 50mm setting when using a
60mm lens.
t Canceling the power zoom function using Custom settings
The power zoom function can be canceled in the Custom settings mode (p. 67).
When the power zoom function is canceled, the zoom-head can be manually
adjusted, but the zoom-head position indicator does not change even if the
lens is zoomed, a lens is changed, or the b button is pressed.
• When the power zoom function is canceled, a small
appears on the LCD panel.
• Press the c button to move toward a wideangle setting and the d button to move
toward a telephoto setting. The zoom-head position changes as follows:
24mm ±∞ 28mm ±∞ 35mm ±∞ 50mm ±∞ 70mm ±∞ 85mm ±∞ 105mm
t Using the built-in wide-flash adapter/Nikon Diffusion Dome
Use the built-in wide-flash adapter when a 14mm to 23mm lens is mounted
(p. 104).
• The power zoom function becomes inactive when using the wide-flash adapter. Press
the c or d button to adjust the zoom-head position to 14mm or 17mm.
• The zoom-head position is automatically set at 14mm when the Nikon Diffusion Dome is
attached (p. 101).
• Generally, when using a 14mm or 17mm lens, the distance between the camera and
subject differs much from the center of the frame to the periphery, so the peripheral area
might not be sufficiently lit in some cases. The same is true when using the Nikon
Diffusion Dome.
27
6
Setting the camera’s exposure mode and
1
Set the camera’s exposure mode to
Programmed Auto (P).
• If Programmed Auto (P) cannot be set, select
another exposure mode. See the opposite
page.
2
Set the camera’s metering system to
Matrix Metering Y.
• If Matrix Metering Y cannot be set, select
Center-Weighted Metering W.
t Exposure mode and metering system
The camera’s available exposure mode and metering system vary, depending
on the cameras and lenses in use or the SB-800’s flash modes. For details,
refer to “Detailed operation” (p. 35), “TTL auto flash modes available with the
SB-800” (p. 108) and your camera’s instruction manual.
• In the Programmed Auto (P) mode, the shutter speed is automatically set to the camera’s
sync shutter speed, except in the Auto FP High-Speed sync mode (p. 60).
28
u Exposure modes other than Programmed Auto exposure (P)
In Shutter-Priority Auto exposure (S) mode
By selecting a slower shutter speed, the proper exposure for the background
can be achieved.
• The camera selects the correct aperture. For details, see your camera’s instruction
manual. However, set the shutter speed on the camera after confirming that the
automatically controlled aperture will provide an appropriate shooting distance range for
your subject. Refer to “Flash shooting distance range in the TTL auto flash mode” (p. 31).
• If you set a shutter speed faster than the flash sync speed, the camera automatically
shifts to its fastest sync speed when the SB-800 is turned on (except in the Auto FP
High-Speed sync mode) (p. 60).
Basic operation
metering system
In Aperture-Priority Auto exposure (A) mode
By selecting the aperture, you can control depth of field and the flash shooting
distance range.
• The camera selects the correct shutter speed. For details, see your camera’s instruction
manual.
• To determine the aperture, refer to the “Guide number” (p. 43) and “Flash shooting
distance range in the TTL auto flash modes” (p. 31).
In Manual exposure (M) mode
By selecting the shutter speed and aperture, you can control the exposure of
the background, the depth of field, and the flash shooting distance range.
• If you set a shutter speed faster than the flash sync speed, the camera automatically
shifts to its fastest sync speed when the SB-800 is turned on. This is true of all cameras,
except mechanical shutter cameras and when using the Auto FP High-Speed sync
mode (p. 60).
• To determine the aperture, refer to “Guide number” (p. 43) and “Flash shooting distance
range in the TTL auto flash mode” (p. 31).
29
7
Setting the SB-800’s flash mode
Press the a button to set the
flash mode.
1
• Display Do on the LCD panel.
2
Confirm that the main subject is within the
flash shooting distance range.
■■■ Selecting the flash mode
Every time you press the a button, the available flash mode icon changes.
Refer to “Icons on the LCD panel” (p. 13).
∞
Do
∞
D
∞
∞
B
A
∞p ∞
G
∞
q
• Note that the usable flash modes only appear and vary, and the unavailable flash modes
will be skipped and do not appear, when pressing the a button.
• The SB-800’s available flash modes vary, depending on the cameras and lenses in use
or the camera’s exposure mode and metering system. Refer to “Detailed operation”
(p. 35), “TTL auto flash modes available with the SB-800” (p. 108) and your camera’s
instruction manual.
30
Basic operation
■■■ About the flash shooting distance range
The SB-800’s flash shooting distance range is 0.6m to 20m (2 to 66 ft.) and
varies, depending on the ISO sensitivity, zoom-head position, and lens
aperture in use.
Flash shooting distance range in the TTL auto flash mode
ISO sensitivity
1600 800 400 200 100 50 25
Zoom-head position (mm)
∗1
∗3
17∗3 24
∗2
14
1.0-11/
3.3-37
0.7-8.0/
2.3-26
0.6-5.7/
2.0-19
0.6-4.0/
2.0-13
0.6-2.8/
2.0-9.3
0.6-2.0/
2.0-6.6
0.6-1.4/
2.0-4.6
0.6-1.0/
2.0-3.3
0.6-0.7/
2.0-2.3
1.1-12/
3.7-41
0.8-9.0/
2.6-29
0.6-6.3/
2.0-20
0.6-4.5/
2.0-14
0.6-3.1/
2.0-10
0.6-2.2/
2.0-7.3
0.6-1.6/
2.0-5.2
0.6-1.1/
2.0-3.7
0.6-0.7/
2.0-2.6
1.3-14/
4.1-46
0.8-10/
2.6-33
0.7-7.0/
2.0-23
0.6-5.0/
2.0-16
0.6-3.5/
2.0-11
0.6-2.5/
2.0-8.2
0.6-1.8/
2.0-5.8
0.6-1.2/
2.0-4.1
0.6-0.8/
2.0-2.9
_
_
_
28
35
50
70
85
105
2.0-20/
6.6-66
1.4-16/
4.6-52
1.0-11/
3.3-37
0.7-8.0/
2.3-26
0.6-5.7/
2.0-19
0.6-4.0/
2.0-13
0.6-2.8/
2.0-9.3
0.6-2.0/
2.0-6.6
0.6-1.4/
2.0-4.6
0.6-1.0/
2.0-3.3
2.4-20/
7.8-66
1.7-19/
5.5-62
1.2-13/
3.9-44
0.8-9.5/
2.8-31
0.6-6.7/
2.0-22
0.6-4.8/
2.0-16
0.6-3.4/
2.0-11
0.6-2.4/
2.0-7.8
0.6-1.7/
2.0-5.5
0.6-1.2/
2.0-3.9
2.8-20/
9.3-66
2.0-20/
6.6-66
1.4-16/
4.6-52
1.0-11/
3.3-37
0.7-7.6/
2.3-26
0.6-5.3/
2.0-19
0.6-4.0/
2.0-13
0.6-2.8/
2.0-9.3
0.6-2.0/
2.0-6.6
0.6-1.4/
2.0-4.6
3.0-20/
10-66
2.2-20/
7.4-66
1.6-18/
5.2-59
1.1-13/
3.7-42
0.8-9.0/
2.6-29
0.6-6.3/
2.0-21
0.6-4.5/
2.0-15
0.6-3.2/
2.0-10
0.6-2.2/
2.0-7.4
0.6-1.6/
2.0-5.2
3.4-20/
11-66
2.4-20/
7.8-66
1.7-19/
5.5-62
1.2-13/
3.9-44
0.8-9.5/
2.8-31
0.6-6.7/
2.0-22
0.6-4.8/
2.0-16
0.6-3.4/
2.0-11
0.6-2.4/
2.0-7.8
0.6-1.7/
2.0-5.5
3.6-20/
12-66
2.5-20/
8.3-66
1.8-20/
5.8-66
1.3-14/
4.1-47
0.9-10/
2.9-33
0.6-7.1/
2.1-23
0.6-5.0/
2.0-17
0.6-3.6/
2.0-12
0.6-2.5/
2.0-8.3
0.6-1.8/
2.0-5.8
∗4
2.8 2 1.4
0.8-9.0/
2.6-29
0.6-6.3/
4 2.8 2 1.4
2.0-21
0.6-4.5/
5.6 4 2.8 2 1.4 2.0-15
0.6-3.2/
8 5.6 4 2.8 2 2.0-10
0.6-2.2/
11 8 5.6 4 2.8 2.0-7.4
0.6-1.6/
16 11 8 5.6 4 2.0-5.2
0.6-1.1/
22 16 11 8 5.6 2.0-3.7
0.6-0.8/
32 22 16 11 8 2.0-2.6
5.6 4 2.8 2 1.4
8 5.6
Aperture
11 8
16∗5 11
22 16
32 22
32
32 22 16 11
_
32 22 16
_
1.9-20/
6.2-66
1.3-15/
4.3-49
1.0-10/
3.1-35
0.7-7.5/
2.2-25
0.6-5.3/
2.0-17
0.6-3.7/
2.0-12
0.6-2.6/
2.0-8.7
0.6-1.8/
2.0-6.2
0.6-1.3/
2.0-4.4
0.6-0.9/
2.0-3.1
Flash shooting distance range (m/ft.)
4 2.8 2 1.4
With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached and the wide-flash adapter in place
With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached
With the wide-flash adapter in place
TTL auto flash operation is not possible at this ISO sensitivity. For ISO 1000, use an
aperture 2/3 of an f/stop smaller than the aperture for ISO 1600, or 1/3 larger than
the aperture for ISO 800.
*5
Programmed TTL Auto Flash with the F-501/N2020, F-401s/N4004s,
F-401/N4004, and F-301/N2000. (ISO 25 to ISO 400 for the F-401s and
F-401/N4004)
*1
*2
*3
*4
31
8
Compose the picture and shoot with flash
1
Confirm the camera’s sync mode.
2
Compose the picture, confirm that the
ready-light on the SB-800 or in the
camera’s viewfinder is on, then shoot.
• For normal flash photography, use the
camera’s Front-curtain sync mode.
v Set the camera’s flash sync mode to Front-curtain sync.
With cameras featuring a Rear-curtain sync flash mode, make sure the
camera’s flash sync mode is set to Front-curtain sync.
• For other flash sync modes, refer to “Slow-sync flash” (p. 58), “Red-eye reduction
with slow-sync flash mode” (p. 58), or “Rear-curtain sync” (p. 59).
• Refer to the camera’s instruction manual for details on the flash sync mode.
32
In the TTL auto and Non-TTL auto flash modes, when the flash has fired at its
maximum output and underexposure may have occurred, the ready-lights on
the SB-800 and in the camera’s viewfinder blink for approx. 3 sec. Depending
on the camera in use, the ready-light on the SB-800 or in the camera’s
viewfinder lights up. To compensate, use a wider aperture or move closer to
the subject and reshoot.
Basic operation
v If the ready-light blinks after shooting, the light might be
insufficient for correct exposure.
Display of the amount of underexposure
For cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS,
cameras in Group I and COOLPIX cameras compatible with i-TTL in the TTL
auto flash mode, the amount of underexposure (0 to –3.0 EV) appears for
approx. 3 sec on the SB-800’s LCD panel; at the same time the above readylights blink.
• Pressing the a and g buttons simultaneously recalls this display.
33
Using the SB-800 with the COOLPIX
For COOLPIX cameras, such as the COOLPIX 8800 and
4500, having an accessory shoe (hot-shoe) or TTL
multiple flash terminal: When more powerful illumination is
required or when performing multiple flash, it is
recommended to connect the SB-800 or another Nikon
Speedlight compatible with TTL auto flash to the COOLPIX.
Auto flash operation is possible by setting the SB-800’s flash
mode to TTL auto flash. The flash output level is controlled
by detecting signals from the camera to determine when to
start and stop firing. This is controlled by Standard i-TTL
flash operation with COOLPIX cameras compatible with i-TTL
and by Non-TTL operation with other COOLPIX cameras.
• For connection to COOLPIX cameras featuring hot shoe contacts
such as the COOLPIX 8800, attach the Speedlight directly to the
accessory shoe.
• Optional accessories such as the Multi-Flash Bracket Unit
SK-E900 should be used for connection with COOLPIX cameras
having a TTL multiple flash terminal but no hot-shoe contacts.
• For details, see your camera’s instruction manual.
Please note that wireless multiple flash using the
COOLPIX’s built-in flash as a master flash unit and the
SB-800 as a remote flash unit cannot be performed.
34
Detailed operation
This section provides a variety of flash
modes available with the SB-800.
Be sure to refer to your camera’s instruction
manual for specific information on camera
settings and functions.
SB-800’s available flash modes
The SB-800’s available flash modes vary, depending on the cameras and
lenses in use or the camera’s exposure mode. Using the TTL auto flash mode
is recommended for normal flash photography.
■■■ Available flash modes (Indicators, usable cameras)
TTL auto flash mode
• i-TTL mode:
Do/D:
• D-TTL mode:
Do/D:
• TTL (film based) mode: Do/D:
Non-TTL auto flash mode
• Auto Aperture flash:
B (p. 38):
• Non-TTL auto flash:
A (p. 40):
Manual mode
• Distance-priority
manual flash:
• Manual flash:
• Repeating flash:
p (p. 44):
G (p. 46):
q (p. 48):
Cameras compatible with CLS,
COOLPIX cameras compatible
with i-TTL
Digital SLRs not compatible with CLS
Cameras in Groups I to VI (No o
appears with cameras in Groups III
and IV while performing Balanced
Fill-Flash)
Cameras compatible with CLS, digital
SLRs not compatible with CLS,
cameras in Groups I to II and COOLPIX
cameras compatible with i-TTL
No limitation
Except D1X and D1H digital cameras.
No limitation
Except COOLPIX cameras compatible
with i-TTL
u Monitor Preflashes
The SB-800 fires a series of imperceptible Monitor Preflashes just before the
flash fires to obtain information on the subject in these cases:
(1) when the SB-800 is used with cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs
not compatible with CLS, cameras in Group I with a CPU lens, and
COOLPIX cameras compatible with i-TTL, and flash mode is set to TTL
auto flash, and
(2) when the SB-800 is used with cameras compatible with CLS with a CPU
lens, and the flash mode is set to Auto Aperture flash.
Monitor Preflashes are fired instantaneously and cannot be differentiated from
the main flash, but H appears on the LCD panel (using a single flash unit).
However, for cameras in Group I, Monitor Preflashes are not fired when the
SB-800’s flash head is adjusted to other than the horizontal/front or down to –7°
position, or the camera’s flash sync mode is set to Rear-curtain sync, even
when H appears on the LCD panel.
36
TTL auto flash mode
■■■ TTL auto flash: D
Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash: Do
Press the a button to display Do on the LCD panel, and Automatic
Balanced Fill-Flash is performed. The flash output level is automatically
adjusted for a well-balanced exposure of the main subject and background.
(While performing Balanced Fill-Flash, no o appears with cameras in Groups
III and IV.)
• Do indicates “i-TTL Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash” in the i-TTL mode.
Detailed operation
In this mode, the flash illumination that is reflected back from the subject is
detected by the camera’s TTL auto flash sensor and the camera automatically
controls the flash output level to give the correct exposure.
Standard TTL flash: D
Press the a button to display D on the LCD panel, and Standard TTL
flash is performed. The main subject is correctly exposed regardless of the
background brightness. This is useful when you want to highlight the main
subject.
• D indicates “Standard i-TTL flash” in the i-TTL mode, “Standard TTL flash for Digital
SLRs” in the D-TTL mode, and “Standard TTL flash” in the TTL (film-based) mode.
t Notes on TTL mode indicators
Comparison tables are provided on pages 108-110 to show the SB-800’s TTL
mode indicators and the corresponding ones used in the instruction manuals of
Speedlights featuring no CLS.
• For details on shooting procedures in the TTL auto flash mode, refer to “Basic operation”
(p. 17).
t Flash shooting in the 1/300 TTL High-Speed Flash sync mode
(F5 only)
The farthest flash shooting distance cannot be read on the SB-800’s LCD
panel. In this case, use the guide number table and equation (p. 106) for
calculating this distance, according to each zoom-head position.
u Difference in flash control level in TTL and Non-TTL auto
flash mode
In either flash mode, the flash illumination that is reflected back from the
subject is measured to control the flash output level. In the TTL mode, this
measurement is made through-the-lens, while in the Non-TTL auto flash mode,
it is performed through the Speedlight’s light sensor window for Non-TTL auto
flash covering a limited range. Therefore, if you take the same subject in
different flash modes, some difference in the flash control level might appear,
depending on shooting conditions. Use of the TTL mode is recommended
when taking pictures with cameras compatible with TTL auto flash.
37
Non-TTL auto flash mode
Auto Aperture B flash
The SB-800’s built-in sensor measures the flash illumination reflected from the
subject and controls the flash output in combination with data automatically
transmitted from the camera and lens to the SB-800, including the ISO
sensitivity value and exposure compensation value as well as the aperture and
focal length of the lens.
• Auto Aperture flash is available with cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not
compatible with CLS, cameras in Groups I and II when used with a CPU lens, and
COOLPIX cameras compatible with i-TTL.
• Auto Aperture flash is automatically set (default setting) for the above camera/lens
combinations. To cancel Auto Aperture flash and set to Non-TTL auto flash (p. 40), use
Custom settings (p. 67).
1
Set the camera’s exposure mode to Programmed
Auto (P) or Aperture-Priority Auto (A).
• If “FEE” appears on the camera’s LCD panel while
the camera’s exposure mode is set to Programmed
Auto (P), reset the exposure mode to Aperture-Priority
Auto (A).
2
Lock the CPU lens aperture at its minimum.
3
Press the a button to display B on the
LCD panel.
4
While looking at the flash shooting distance range
on the SB-800’s LCD panel, set the aperture on
the camera when the camera’s exposure mode is
set to “A”.
• Not necessary with a G-type lens.
• Making exposure compensation on the SB-800 is also
possible (p. 56).
38
Compose the picture, confirm that the ready-light
is on, then shoot.
• When the flash has fired at its maximum output and
underexposure may have occurred, the ready-light on
the SB-800 blinks for approx. 3 sec. To compensate,
use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject
and reshoot.
■■■ Setting the aperture in Auto Aperture B flash operation
Set the aperture on the camera or lens within the available range as shown in
the table below.
Usable flash shooting distance ranges in Auto Aperture flash operation
Zoom-head position (mm)
1600 800 400 200 100 50 25
8 5.6 4 2.8 2 1.4
11 8 5.6 4 2.8 2 1.4
Aperture
16 11
8 5.6 4 2.8 2
22 16 11 8 5.6 4 2.8
32 22 16 11 8 5.6 4
32 22 16 11
8 5.6
32 22 16 11 8
∗1
0.6-6.3/
2.0-21
0.6-4.5/
2.0-15
0.6-3.2/
2.0-10
0.6-2.2/
2.0-7.4
0.6-1.6/
2.0-5.2
0.6-1.1/
2.0-3.7
0.6-0.8/
2.0-2.6
32 22 16 11
_
32 22 16
_
∗2
14
∗3
17∗3 24
0.7-8.0/
2.3-26
0.6-5.7/
2.0-19
0.6-4.0/
2.0-13
0.6-2.8/
2.0-9.3
0.6-2.0/
2.0-6.6
0.6-1.4/
2.0-4.6
0.6-1.0/
2.0-3.3
0.6-0.7/
2.0-2.3
0.8-9.0/
2.6-29
0.6-6.3/
2.0-20
0.6-4.5/
2.0-14
0.6-3.1/
2.0-10
0.6-2.2/
2.0-7.3
0.6-1.6/
2.0-5.2
0.6-1.1/
2.0-3.7
0.6-0.7/
2.0-2.6
0.8-10/
2.6-33
0.7-7.0/
2.0-23
0.6-5.0/
2.0-16
0.6-3.5/
2.0-11
0.6-2.5/
2.0-8.2
0.6-1.8/
2.0-5.8
0.6-1.2/
2.0-4.1
0.6-0.8/
2.0-2.9
_
_
_
1.3-15/
4.3-49
1.0-10/
3.1-35
0.7-7.5/
2.2-25
0.6-5.3/
2.0-17
0.6-3.7/
2.0-12
0.6-2.6/
2.0-8.7
0.6-1.8/
2.0-6.2
0.6-1.3/
2.0-4.4
0.6-0.9/
2.0-3.1
28
35
50
70
85
105
1.4-16/
4.6-52
1.0-11/
3.3-37
0.7-8.0/
2.3-26
0.6-5.7/
2.0-19
0.6-4.0/
2.0-13
0.6-2.8/
2.0-9.3
0.6-2.0/
2.0-6.6
0.6-1.4/
2.0-4.6
0.6-1.0/
2.0-3.3
1.7-19/
5.5-62
1.2-13/
3.9-44
0.8-9.5/
2.8-31
0.6-6.7/
2.0-22
0.6-4.8/
2.0-16
0.6-3.4/
2.0-11
0.6-2.4/
2.0-7.8
0.6-1.7/
2.0-5.5
0.6-1.2/
2.0-3.9
2.0-20/
6.6-66
1.4-16/
4.6-52
1.0-11/
3.3-37
0.7-7.6/
2.3-26
0.6-5.3/
2.0-19
0.6-4.0/
2.0-13
0.6-2.8/
2.0-9.3
0.6-2.0/
2.0-6.6
0.6-1.4/
2.0-4.6
2.2-20/
7.4-66
1.6-18/
5.2-59
1.1-13/
3.7-42
0.8-9.0/
2.6-29
0.6-6.3/
2.0-21
0.6-4.5/
2.0-15
0.6-3.2/
2.0-10
0.6-2.2/
2.0-7.4
0.6-1.6/
2.0-5.2
2.4-20/
7.8-66
1.7-19/
5.5-62
1.2-13/
3.9-44
0.8-9.5/
2.8-31
0.6-6.7/
2.0-22
0.6-4.8/
2.0-16
0.6-3.4/
2.0-11
0.6-2.4/
2.0-7.8
0.6-1.7/
2.0-5.5
2.5-20/
8.3-66
1.8-20/
5.8-66
1.3-14/
4.1-47
0.9-10/
2.9-33
0.6-7.1/
2.1-23
0.6-5.0/
2.0-17
0.6-3.6/
2.0-12
0.6-2.5/
2.0-8.3
0.6-1.8/
2.0-5.8
Flash shooting distance range (m/ft.)
ISO sensitivity
Detailed operation
5
*1 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached and the wide-flash adapter in place
*2 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached
*3 With the wide-flash adapter in place
• For example, for an ISO sensitivity of 100, with the zoom-head position
adjusted to 35mm, and the subject at a distance of 5m (16.4 ft.), selecting
an aperture of f/2 to f/5.6 from the table gives the correct exposure.
u Notes on using a telephoto lens in the Non-TTL auto flash mode
When you shoot a distant subject using a telephoto lens in Auto Aperture B
or Non-TTL auto A flash operation, underexposure may occur even though
the subject is within the usable flash shooting distance range. Use of the TTL
mode is recommended when taking pictures with cameras compatible with TTL
auto flash.
39
Non-TTL auto flash mode
Non-TTL auto A flash
The SB-800’s built-in sensor measures the flash illumination reflected from the
subject, automatically controlling the SB-800’s light output to give the correct
exposure. This allows you to make exposure compensation (p. 54) easily by
varying the aperture set on the camera or lens.
• No limitation on usable cameras.
• Auto Aperture flash (p. 38) is automatically set (default setting) when the SB-800 is used
with cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS, cameras in
Groups I and II in combination with a CPU lens, and COOLPIX cameras compatible
with i-TTL. To cancel Auto Aperture flash and set to Non-TTL auto flash, use Custom
settings (p. 67).
40
1
Set the camera’s exposure mode to AperturePriority Auto (A) or Manual (M).
2
Press the a button to display A on the
LCD panel.
3
Press the e or f button to change the aperture,
bringing the subject within the flash shooting
distance range.
4
Set the aperture that appears on the SB-800’s
LCD panel on the lens or camera.
5
Set the camera to its highest flash sync shutter
speed.
6
Compose the picture, make sure the ready-light is
on, then shoot.
• When the flash has fired at its maximum output and
underexposure may have occurred, the ready-light on
the SB-800 blinks for approx. 3 sec. To compensate,
use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject
and reshoot.
Detailed operation
• For details, see your camera’s instruction manual.
■■■ Setting the aperture in Non-TTL auto A flash operation
Set the aperture within the available range as shown in the table below.
Usable flash shooting distance ranges in Non-TTL auto flash operation
Zoom-head position (mm)
1600 800 400 200 100 50 25
8 5.6 4 2.8 2 1.4
11 8 5.6 4 2.8 2 1.4
Aperture
16 11
8 5.6 4 2.8 2
22 16 11 8 5.6 4 2.8
32 22 16 11 8 5.6 4
32 22 16 11
8 5.6
32 22 16 11 8
∗1
0.6-6.3/
2.0-21
0.6-4.5/
2.0-15
0.6-3.2/
2.0-10
0.6-2.2/
2.0-7.4
0.6-1.6/
2.0-5.2
0.6-1.1/
2.0-3.7
0.6-0.8/
2.0-2.6
32 22 16 11
_
32 22 16
_
∗2
14
∗3
17∗3 24
0.7-8.0/
2.3-26
0.6-5.7/
2.0-19
0.6-4.0/
2.0-13
0.6-2.8/
2.0-9.3
0.6-2.0/
2.0-6.6
0.6-1.4/
2.0-4.6
0.6-1.0/
2.0-3.3
0.6-0.7/
2.0-2.3
0.8-9.0/
2.6-29
0.6-6.3/
2.0-20
0.6-4.5/
2.0-14
0.6-3.1/
2.0-10
0.6-2.2/
2.0-7.3
0.6-1.6/
2.0-5.2
0.6-1.1/
2.0-3.7
0.6-0.7/
2.0-2.6
0.8-10/
2.6-33
0.7-7.0/
2.0-23
0.6-5.0/
2.0-16
0.6-3.5/
2.0-11
0.6-2.5/
2.0-8.2
0.6-1.8/
2.0-5.8
0.6-1.2/
2.0-4.1
0.6-0.8/
2.0-2.9
_
_
_
1.3-15/
4.3-49
1.0-10/
3.1-35
0.7-7.5/
2.2-25
0.6-5.3/
2.0-17
0.6-3.7/
2.0-12
0.6-2.6/
2.0-8.7
0.6-1.8/
2.0-6.2
0.6-1.3/
2.0-4.4
0.6-0.9/
2.0-3.1
28
35
50
70
85
105
1.4-16/
4.6-52
1.0-11/
3.3-37
0.7-8.0/
2.3-26
0.6-5.7/
2.0-19
0.6-4.0/
2.0-13
0.6-2.8/
2.0-9.3
0.6-2.0/
2.0-6.6
0.6-1.4/
2.0-4.6
0.6-1.0/
2.0-3.3
1.7-19/
5.5-62
1.2-13/
3.9-44
0.8-9.5/
2.8-31
0.6-6.7/
2.0-22
0.6-4.8/
2.0-16
0.6-3.4/
2.0-11
0.6-2.4/
2.0-7.8
0.6-1.7/
2.0-5.5
0.6-1.2/
2.0-3.9
2.0-20/
6.6-66
1.4-16/
4.6-52
1.0-11/
3.3-37
0.7-7.6/
2.3-26
0.6-5.3/
2.0-19
0.6-4.0/
2.0-13
0.6-2.8/
2.0-9.3
0.6-2.0/
2.0-6.6
0.6-1.4/
2.0-4.6
2.2-20/
7.4-66
1.6-18/
5.2-59
1.1-13/
3.7-42
0.8-9.0/
2.6-29
0.6-6.3/
2.0-21
0.6-4.5/
2.0-15
0.6-3.2/
2.0-10
0.6-2.2/
2.0-7.4
0.6-1.6/
2.0-5.2
2.4-20/
7.8-66
1.7-19/
5.5-62
1.2-13/
3.9-44
0.8-9.5/
2.8-31
0.6-6.7/
2.0-22
0.6-4.8/
2.0-16
0.6-3.4/
2.0-11
0.6-2.4/
2.0-7.8
0.6-1.7/
2.0-5.5
2.5-20/
8.3-66
1.8-20/
5.8-66
1.3-14/
4.1-47
0.9-10/
2.9-33
0.6-7.1/
2.1-23
0.6-5.0/
2.0-17
0.6-3.6/
2.0-12
0.6-2.5/
2.0-8.3
0.6-1.8/
2.0-5.8
Flash shooting distance range (m/ft.)
ISO sensitivity
*1 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached and the wide-flash adapter in place
*2 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached
*3 With the wide-flash adapter in place
• For example, for an ISO sensitivity of 100, with the zoom-head position adjusted to
35mm, and the subject at a distance of 5m (16.4 ft.), selecting apertures from f/2 to f/5.6
from the table will give the correct exposure.
• To set the aperture on Zoom-Nikkor lenses having variable maximum apertures, refer to
“The flash shooting distance range with zoom lenses having a variable aperture” (p. 57).
41
Manual mode
Manual mode
The SB-800 features three manual modes.
• Distance-priority manual flash p
• Manual flash
G
• Repeating flash
q
You can calculate the correct aperture by using the guide number table and
the shooting distance. Then set the same aperture manually on the lens.
In this case, set the camera’s exposure mode to Aperture-Priority Auto (A) or
Manual (M).
• Refer to your camera’s instruction manual for details on camera and lens aperture
settings.
• With the SB-800 in the Manual mode, if the camera’s exposure mode is set to other than
Aperture-Priority (A) or Manual (M), the shutter may not be released, depending on the
cameras in use. For details, refer to your camera’s instruction manual.
• In the Manual mode, no warning ready-light blinks to indicate that the light may have
been insufficient for correct exposure after shooting.
■■■ Determining the aperture, flash output level and shooting distance in
the Manual mode
In the Manual mode, use the guide number table and the following equation to
calculate the aperture, flash output level, and shooting distance to obtain the
correct exposure.
• The guide number (GN at ISO 100; m/ft) indicates the amount of light generated by
the flash. The larger the number, the greater the flash output.
Guide number (ISO 100, m/ft)
Flash
output
level
Zoom-head position (mm)
∗1
∗2
14∗3
17∗3
24
28
35
50
70
85
105
17/56
19/62
30/98
32/105
38/125
44/144
50/164
53/174
56/184
M1/1
12.5/41 16/52
M1/2
8.8/29 11.3/37
12/39
13.4/44 21.2/70 22.6/74 26.9/88 31/102 35.4/116 37.5/123 40/131
M1/4
6.3/21 8.0/26
8.5/28
9.5/31
15.0/49
M1/8
4.4/14 5.7/19
6.0/20
6.7/22
10.6/35 11.3/37 13.4/44 15.6/51 17.7/58 18.7/61 19.8/65
M1/16
3.1/10 4.0/13
4.3/14
4.8/16
7.5/25
8.0/26
9.5/31
11/36
12.5/41 13.3/44
14/46
M1/32
2.2/7
3.0/10
3.4/11
5.3/17
6.0/20
6.7/22
7.8/26
8.8/29
9.9/32
2.8/9
16/52
19/62
22/72
25/82
26.5/87
9.4/31
M1/64
1.6/5
2.0/7
2.1/7
2.4/8
3.7/12
4.0/13
4.8/16
5.5/18
6.3/21
6.6/22
7.0/23
M1/128
1.1/4
1.4/5
1.5/5
1.7/6
2.6/8.5
2.8/9
3.4/11
3.9/13
4.4/14
4.7/15
4.9/16
*1 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached and the wide-flash adapter in place
*2 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached
*3 With the wide-flash adapter in place
42
28/92
ISO sensitivity factors
ISO
Factors
25
x0.5
50
x0.71
100
x1
200
x1.4
400
x2
800
x2.8
1600
x4
To calculate the correct aperture
Calculate the correct aperture by using this equation and the guide number table,
according to the ISO sensitivity, shooting distance, flash output level and zoom-head
position that are set:
f/stop (aperture) = Guide number (GN at ISO 100; m/ft.) x ISO sensitivity
factor ÷ Shooting distance (m/ft)
For example, for the ISO sensitivity of 400 (or ISO sensitivity factor: 2), with the zoom-head
position adjusted to 28mm, and the flash output level set to M1/1:
• Referring to the guide number table, determine the guide number as 32/105 (m/ft.).
When the shooting distance is 4m (13.1 ft.), the correct aperture value is:
32/105 (GN at ISO 100, m/ft) x 2 (ISO sensitivity factor for ISO 400) ÷ 4/13.1
(shooting distance; m/ft.) = 16 (aperture)
• Set the aperture value 16 on both the SB-800 and the camera or lens.
Detailed operation
For sensitivities other than ISO 100, multiply the guide number by the factors shown in the
table below.
To obtain the correct flash output level
Calculate the guide number (GN at ISO 100; m/ft.) by using this equation, according to the
shooting distance and aperture required.
Guide number (GN at ISO 100; m/ft.) = Shooting distance (m/ft) x Aperture (f/) ÷ ISO
sensitivity factor
Referring to the guide number table, determine an appropriate flash output level
corresponding to the guide number obtained above, then set the same value on the SB-800.
For example, for the ISO sensitivity of 400 (or ISO sensitivity factor: 2) and the shooting
distance of 4m (13.1 ft) with an aperture of f/8:
4/13.1 (shooting distance; m/ft.) x 8 (aperture value) ÷ 2 (ISO sensitivity factor of
ISO 400) = 16/52 (GN at ISO 100; m/ft.)
• When the zoom-head position is adjusted to 28mm, set M1/4 flash output level on the
SB-800, which can be obtained from GN 16/52 (m/ft.) corresponding to the zoom-head
position of 28mm referring to the guide number table.
• In Distance-priority manual flash operation, the correct flash output level is automatically
determined by the SB-800 according to the shooting distance, aperture and ISO
sensitivity that are set.
To calculate the shooting distance
Calculate the shooting distance (m/ft.) by using this equation and the guide number table,
according to the ISO sensitivity, aperture value, flash output level and zoom-head position
that are set:
Shooting distance (m/ft.) = Guide number (GN at ISO 100; m/ft.) x ISO sensitivity
factor ÷ Aperture (f/)
43
Manual mode
Distance-priority manual p flash
In this flash operation, the SB-800 automatically controls the light output
according to the distance value and aperture set. Enter the distance value and
you can take pictures having the same exposure even when shooting at
different apertures.
• Distance-priority manual flash p is not possible with D1X and D1H digital cameras.
• This mode allows you to make exposure compensation by varying the flash output level
compensation value (p. 56).
1
Set the camera’s exposure mode to AperturePriority Auto (A) or Manual (M).
2
Press the a button to display p on the
LCD panel.
3
Press the g button to highlight the distance
display, then press the e or f button to
increase or decrease the distance values.
• The usable distance range is 0.3m to 20m (1 to
65.6 ft.) and varies depending on the ISO sensitivity.
4
44
Set the aperture.
• For cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not
compatible with CLS, cameras in Groups I and II with
CPU lenses, and COOLPIX cameras compatible with
i-TTL, set the SB-800’s aperture on the camera. You
cannot set the aperture on the SB-800 directly.
• For other camera/lens combinations, press the
g button to highlight the aperture display, then press
the e or f button to increase or decrease the
aperture value.
5
Set the aperture that appears on the SB-800’s
LCD panel on the lens or camera.
6
Confirm that the ready-light is on, then shoot.
Detailed operation
• With cameras in Groups III to VII.
■■■ Distance values that can be entered when performing
Distance-priority manual p flash operation
(m/ft.)
0.3/1
0.4/1.3
0.5/1.6
0.6/2
0.7/2.3
0.8/2.6
1.6/5.2
1.8/5.9
2.0/6.6
2.2/7.2
2.5/8.2
2.8/9.2
0.9/3
5.0/16.4 5.6/18.4 6.3/20.7 7.1/23.3 8.0/26.2 9.0/29.6 10/32.8
16/52.5
18/59.1
1.0/3.3
1.3/4.3
1.4/4.6
3.1/10.2 3.5/11.5 4.0/13.1 4.5/14.8
11/36.0
13/42.7
14/45.9
20/65.6
• Choose an appropriate flash shooting distance from the table above. If a desirable
distance value is not found in the table, use a shorter distance.
For example, if the desired shooting distance is 2.7m (8.9 ft.), set 2.5m (8.2 ft.) on the
LCD panel.
t Beyond the flash-shooting distance range warning
In distance-priority manual flash operation, the distance exceeding the
available flash shooting distance range cannot be displayed on the LCD panel.
Therefore, if the available distance range is shifted by changing the ISO
sensitivity, aperture, or zoom-head position after you have set the shooting
distance and aperture, the farthest (or closest) available flash shooting
distance value is highlighted with an arrow pointing toward the available flash
shooting distance range.
The figure shows that the farthest available flash shooting distance
is 2.5m (8.2 ft.).
45
Manual mode
Manual G flash
In Manual flash photography, you select the aperture and flash output level.
In this way, you can control the exposure and flash shooting distance when
shooting subjects where the correct exposure is difficult to obtain in the TTL or
Non-TTL auto flash mode. The flash output level can be set from M1/1 (full
output) to M1/128 to match your creative preferences.
1
Set the camera’s exposure mode to AperturePriority Auto (A) or Manual (M).
2
Press the a button until G appears on
the LCD panel.
3
Determine the flash output level and aperture to
match the flash shooting distance.
• For details on determining the flash output level and
the aperture, refer to “Determining the aperture and
flash output level in the Manual mode” (p. 42).
4
Press the g button to highlight the flash output
level display, then press the e or f button to
increase or decrease the values.
• Refer to “Setting the flash output level” (p. 47).
5
46
Set the aperture.
• For cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not
compatible with CLS, cameras in Groups I and II with
CPU lenses, and COOLPIX cameras compatible with
i-TTL, set the SB-800’s aperture on the camera. You
cannot set the aperture on the SB-800 directly.
• For other camera/lens combinations, press the
g button to highlight the aperture display, then press
the e or f button to increase or decrease the
aperture value.
• If the ISO sensitivity is correctly set, the flash shooting
distance appears on the LCD panel, matching the
flash output level and aperture as set.
6
Set the same aperture on your camera or lens
that is set on the SB-800.
7
Confirm that the ready-light comes on,
then shoot.
Detailed operation
• With cameras in Groups III to VII.
■■■ Setting the flash output level
Press the g button to highlight the flash output level display. The flash output
level changes every time you press the e or f button as shown below.
When you press the f button:
∞ 1/1 ∞ 1/2 ∞ 1/2 (–1/3) ∞ 1/2 (–2/3) ∞ 1/4
1/128 ... 1/4 (–2/3) ± 1/4 (–1/3) ±
When you press the e button:
∞ 1/128 ∞ 1/128 (+1/3) ∞ 1/128 (+2/3) ∞ 1/64
1/1 ± 1/2 ... 1/64 (+2/3) ± 1/64 (+1/3)±
• The numbers in parentheses represent the adjustable flash output level in ±1/3 steps
except between 1/1 and 1/2. Therefore, 1/32 (-1/3) and 1/64 (+2/3) represent the same
flash output level.
• To extend the flash shooting distance, choose a flash output level close to M1/1.
47
Manual mode
Repeating q flash
In Repeating flash operation, the SB-800 fires repeatedly during a single
exposure, creating stroboscopic multiple-exposure effects. This operation is
useful when shooting fast-moving subjects.
• In this operation, q appears on the LCD panel.
• Be sure to use fresh or fully charged batteries and allow enough time for the flash to
recycle between each repeating flash session.
• Also, it is recommended to use a tripod to prevent camera/flash shake, because slower
shutter speeds are used.
■■■ Setting the flash output level, the frequency (Hz), and the
number of repeating flashes per frame
• Frequency (Hz) represents the number of times the flash fires per second.
• The actual number of repeating flashes per frame becomes lower than the one set as
the shutter speed increases or the number of flashes per second decreases, because
the Speedlight fires during a single exposure.
• Referring to the table below, set the flash output level, the frequency, and the number of
repeating flashes separately for each picture.
Maximum number of repeating flashes per frame
Frequency*
1-2 Hz
3 Hz
4 Hz
5 Hz
6 Hz
7 Hz
8 Hz
9 Hz
10 Hz
20-100 Hz
Flash output level
1/8
14
12
10
8
6
6
5
5
4
4
1/16
30
30
20
20
20
20
10
10
8
8
1/32
60
60
50
40
32
28
24
22
20
12
1/64
90
90
80
70
56
44
36
32
28
24
1/128
90
90
80
70
56
44
36
32
28
24
* Frequency (Hz) represents the number of flashes per second.
1
48
Set the camera’s exposure mode to Manual (M).
Press the a button to display q.
3
Press the g button to highlight the flash output
level display, then press the e or f button to
increase or decrease the values.
• The available range of the flash output level is
between 1/8 and 1/128.
4
Press the g button.
5
Repeat the procedures above to set the
frequency and the number of repeating flashes
per frame.
Detailed operation
2
• The flash output level is set, then the frequency
display is highlighted.
Frequency (Hz)
Number of repeating flashes per frame
6
Determine the guide number according to the
flash output level and zoom-head position set,
then calculate the correct aperture from the guide
number and the shooting distance. Finally set this
aperture on the SB-800.
• Refer to “Guide number table” (p. 42) and
“Determining the aperture and flash output level in
the Manual mode” (p. 42).
• For cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not
compatible with CLS, cameras in Groups I and II with
CPU lenses, set the SB-800’s aperture on the camera.
You cannot set the aperture on the SB-800 directly.
• If the ISO sensitivity is correctly set, the flash shooting
distance appears on the LCD panel, matching
the flash output level and aperture as set.
49
Manual mode
7
Set the same aperture on the camera or lens that
is set on the SB-800.
• With cameras in Groups III to VII.
8
Set the shutter speed.
• Use the equation to determine the shutter speed and
use that shutter speed or one slower.
Shutter speed = Number of flashes per frame ÷
Frequency of flashes (Hz)
• For example, if the number of flashes per frame is 10
and frequency is 5 Hz, divide 10 by 5 to get a shutter
speed of 2 sec. or slower.
• Or you can set the shutter speed to B (bulb) to
accommodate any number of repeating flashes.
9
Confirm that the ready-light is on, then shoot.
t Making sure the flash fires correctly before shooting
Press the FLASH button to make sure the flash fires correctly as set.
t Exposure compensation in Repeating flash operation
The flash shooting distance calculated in step number 6 is the correct
exposure for the first flash in the sequence. Therefore, repeating flash at this
flash output level will result in overexposure of any overlapping images.
To prevent this, set a smaller aperture on the camera.
50
Notes on continuous flash shooting
Do not exceed the maximum number of continuous firings
Max. number of continuous firings
Flash mode
Max. number of continuous firings
(at 6 frames/sec.)
TTL auto flash
Non-TTL auto flash/Auto Aperture flash
Manual flash (Flash output level: M1/1, M1/2)
15
Manual flash (Flash output level: M1/4 to M1/128)
40
Detailed operation
You should allow the SB-800 to cool off for at least 10 minutes after the
maximum number of continuous firings are performed as shown in the
WARNING table below:
■■■ Synchronization during continuous flash shooting
It is possible to take up to the number of frames during continuous shooting as
shown in the table below. However, if the continuous firings exceed the
maximum numbers as shown in the table above, you should allow the SB-800
to cool off for at least 10 minutes.
Maximum number of frames during continuous flash shooting
(at six frames per sec.)
Optional
power
source
Batteries inside
SB-800
Flash output level
1/8
1/16
SB-800
only
All types
Up to 4
Up to 8
SD-7
SD-8A
Alkaline-manganese
Alkaline-manganese
Lithium
NiCd
Ni-MH
Alkaline-manganese
Lithium
NiCd
Ni-MH
Up to 6
Up to 10
Up to 5
Up to 10
Up to 5
Up to 10
Up to 5
Up to 5
SK-6/
SK-6A
1/32
Up to 16
Up to 40
Up to 20
Up to 30
1/64
Up to 30
1/128
Up to 40
Up to 40
Up to 40
Up to 40
Up to 40
Up to 30
Up to 40
Up to 40
Up to 10
Up to 20
Up to 40
Up to 40
Up to 10
Up to 30
Up to 40
Up to 40
• With fresh batteries of the same type in both the SB-800 and optional Nikon SD-8A or
Power Bracket Unit SK-6/SK-6A.
• Refer to table “Maximum number of repeating flashes per frame” on page 48 when
performing Repeating flash.
51
Checking the correct exposure before shooting
You can determine whether the subject will receive the correct exposure by
test firing the SB-800 before actually taking the picture in TTL auto flash, Auto
Aperture, and Non-TTL auto flash operations.
• In manual flash mode, checking the correct exposure cannot be performed by
test firing.
■■■ TTL auto flash mode
Press the SB-800’s a button until B (Auto Aperture flash) or A (NonTTL auto flash) appears on the LCD panel. Set the same aperture on the
SB-800 as set in the TTL auto flash mode. Press the shutter release button
slightly, then press the FLASH button to fire the flash. If the ready-light blinks
after firing, this indicates the light may have been insufficient for correct
exposure. In this case, set a wider aperture on the camera or lens, or move
closer to the subject.
■■■ Auto Aperture flash
Make the necessary settings on the SB-800 and camera, press the shutter
release button slightly, then press the FLASH button to fire the flash. If the
ready-light blinks after firing, this indicates the light may have been insufficient
for correct exposure. In this case, set a wider aperture on the camera or lens,
or move closer to the subject.
■■■ Non-TTL auto flash
Make the necessary settings on the SB-800 and camera, then press the
FLASH button to fire the flash. If the ready-light blinks after firing, this indicates
the light may have been insufficient for correct exposure. In this case, set a
wider aperture on the camera or lens, or move closer to the subject.
52
Other functions
Detailed information on each function of the
SB-800 is provided.
Exposure compensation and flash output level
Exposure compensation allows you to take well-balanced pictures by
intentionally modifying the flash exposure. This is useful when a subject of
extremely high or low reflectivity is included in the scene or when you want to
create flash photographs to match your creative preferences.
• Some plus compensation may be necessary when the background includes a mirror,
white wall, or other highly reflective surface. Likewise, some minus compensation may
be required when the background is dark or includes subjects of low reflectivity.
• Making exposure compensation for both the main subject and background, the main
subject only without affecting the background, or the background only without affecting
the main subject are possible, depending on the flash shooting situation.
Exposure compensation on the SB-800 can be performed in these ways:
Exposure compensation
Available flash mode
Usable camera
Making exposure compensation
for both the main subject and
background
All flash modes
Cameras in all groups
Making exposure compensation
for the main subject only
TTL auto flash and Auto
Aperture flash
Cameras compatible with CLS,
digital SLRs not compatible
with CLS, cameras in Groups
I to III, and COOLPIX cameras
compatible with i-TTL.
Manual flash mode
Cameras in all groups
Flash shooting at slow shutter
speeds
Cameras in all groups
Making exposure compensation
for the background only
■■■ Making exposure compensation for both the main subject and background
In TTL auto flash mode and Auto Aperture flash operation
Use the camera’s exposure compensation function to modify both the SB-800’s
flash output level and the background exposure. For details, see your camera’s
instruction manual.
• The exposure compensation value set on the camera is not displayed on the SB-800’s
LCD panel.
• Exposure compensation beyond the usable ISO sensitivity range cannot be performed
(p. 24). For example, with an ISO sensitivity of 100, if you try to make an exposure
compensation of +3 steps on the camera (equivalent to ISO 12), which is out of the
usable ISO sensitivity range (ISO 25-1000) of the SB-800. In this case, exposure
compensation up to +2 steps (equivalent to ISO 25) is possible.
54
compensation
Making exposure compensation in Non-TTL auto flash and Manual flash
operations
Exposure compensation is performed by intentionally modifying the correct
aperture.
■■■ Making exposure compensation for the main subject only
In TTL auto flash mode and Auto Aperture flash operation
Making exposure compensation for a flash illuminated main subject without
affecting the background exposure by adjusting the SB-800’s flash output level
is called flash output level compensation (p. 56).
• This compensation can only be performed with cameras compatible with CLS, digital
SLRs not compatible with CLS, cameras in Groups I to III, and COOLPIX cameras
compatible with i-TTL.
Other functions
• In the Non-TTL auto flash mode, the correct exposure can be obtained when the same
aperture is set on the camera as that set on the SB-800. Therefore, to make exposure
compensation, vary the aperture set on the camera while retaining the aperture set on
the SB-800 or vice versa.
• In the Manual flash mode, calculate the proper aperture for the correct exposure from
the guide number and the shooting distance (p. 43). Then, use a larger or smaller
aperture on the camera to make exposure compensation.
• As a basic guide, set a wider aperture on the camera or lens to make the main subject
brighter or a smaller aperture to make it darker.
In Manual flash mode
Making exposure compensation for only the flash illuminated subject by
intentionally modifying the SB-800’s flash output level (M1/1 to M1/128).
• For cameras in all groups.
■■■ Making exposure compensation for the background only
Set the camera’s exposure mode to Shutter-Priority Auto (S) or Manual (M), and
set the shutter speed to one slower than its flash sync shutter speed.
• With cameras providing slow-sync, set the camera’s flash sync mode to Slow-sync
(p. 58) to bring out background details in low-light situations.
• For details, see your camera’s instruction manual.
55
Exposure compensation and flash output level compensation
■■■ Flash output level compensation
You can make exposure compensation for the flash illuminated subject without
affecting the background exposure by modifying the SB-800’s flash output level.
• Available in TTL auto flash mode, Auto Aperture flash and Distance-priority manual
flash operations.
• In the TTL auto flash mode or Auto Aperture flash operation, flash output level
compensation is only available with cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not
compatible with CLS, cameras in Groups I to III, and COOLPIX cameras compatible
with i-TTL.
• With F-601/N6006 and F-601M/N6000 cameras, make flash output level compensation
on the camera. Flash output level compensation cannot be made on the SB-800. The
amount of compensation set on the camera does not appear on the SB-800’s LCD
panel. For details, see your camera’s instruction manual.
• With SLR cameras that have a built-in Speedlight with an exposure compensation function,
you can compensate the flash output level on either the camera or the SB-800. For details,
see your camera’s instruction manual. If you use both controls, the exposure is modified by
the sum total of both compensation values. In this case, the SB-800’s LCD panel shows
only the compensation value set on the SB-800.
1
Press the g button to highlight the Flash output
level compensation value.
2
Press the e or f button to increase or decrease
the compensation in 1/3 steps from –3.0 to
+3.0 EV.
3
Press the g button.
• The highlighted flash output level compensation value
returns to normal display. The last highlighted number
is the one automatically set.
v Canceling flash output level compensation
The flash output level compensation cannot be canceled by turning the SB-800
off. To cancel, press the e or f button to return the compensation value to “0”.
56
Flash shooting distance range with zoom lenses having a variable aperture
With zoom lenses having a variable aperture, take note of the following before
setting the aperture on the SB-800 and confirming the flash shooting distance
range.
• For details, read the instruction manuals of your camera and lenses.
u Lenses having a variable aperture
There are two maximum aperture values indicated in the lens model name of
certain zoom lenses. For example with the AF Zoom-Nikkor 28-105mm f/3.54.5D IF, the maximum aperture at 28mm is f/3.5, but decreases to f/4.5 at
105mm.
Lock the lens aperture at its minimum. After composing the picture by zooming
in or out, read the aperture on the camera’s LCD panel or in the viewfinder.
Then set the same aperture on the SB-800’s LCD panel and confirm the flash
shooting distance range.
■■■ Setting the aperture using the scale on the lens
Other functions
■■■ Setting the aperture on the camera’s LCD panel or in the viewfinder
After zooming in or out to select the appropriate composition, read the
aperture using the aperture scale on the lens. Then set the same aperture
on the SB-800’s LCD panel and confirm the flash shooting distance range.
At wideangle zoom settings, read the aperture value at the green
index (or line).
At telephoto settings, read the aperture value at the yellow index (or dot).
At intermediate settings, read the aperture value between the two indexes.
■■■ Setting the aperture on the camera’s aperture dial
(F-401x/N5005, F-401s/N4004s, F-401/N4004 cameras + CPU lens)
After zooming in/out to select the desired composition, set the aperture on the
camera’s aperture dial. Then set the same aperture on the SB-800’s LCD panel
and confirm the flash shooting distance range.
• Set the camera’s exposure mode to Aperture-Priority Auto (A) or Manual (M).
The aperture cannot be set in the Programmed Auto (P) or Shutter-Priority Auto (S)
exposure mode.
• If the aperture dial is set beyond lens’ aperture range, set the lens’ minimum
(or maximum) aperture on the SB-800’s LCD panel.
57
Slow-sync flash mode, Red-eye reduction control,
■■■ Slow-sync flash
The flash is controlled at a slow shutter speed to obtain the correct exposure
for both the main subject and background in low-light situations or at night.
• Available with cameras providing slow-sync. You cannot set the slow-sync function on
the SB-800 directly, but must set it on the camera. For more information, refer to your
camera’s instruction manual.
• Since slow shutter speeds are normally used, use of a tripod is recommended to
prevent camera shake.
■■■ Red-eye reduction
To prevent the center of your subject’s eyes from appearing red in color
pictures, the SB-800 fires three flashes at reduced output just before the
picture is taken.
• Available with cameras having red-eye reduction control. You cannot set red-eye
reduction on the SB-800 directly, but must set it on the camera. For more information,
refer to your camera’s instruction manual.
• After setting your camera to red-eye reduction, make sure that “N” appears on the
SB-800’s LCD panel.
■■■ Red-eye reduction with slow-sync flash mode
In this mode, red-eye reduction is combined with slow sync.
• Available with cameras having red-eye reduction with slow-sync. You cannot set this
mode on the SB-800 directly, but must set it on the camera. For more information, refer
to your camera’s instruction manual.
• After setting your camera to red-eye reduction with slow sync, make sure that “N”
appears on the SB-800’s LCD panel.
• Since slow shutter speeds are normally used, use of a tripod is recommended to
prevent camera shake.
58
and Rear-curtain sync
■■■ Rear-curtain sync
• In front-curtain sync, the flash fires immediately after the front curtain opens completely;
in rear-curtain sync, the flash fires just before the rear curtain starts to close.
• Available with cameras providing rear-curtain sync. You cannot set this mode on the
SB-800 directly, but must set it on the camera. For details, see your camera’s instruction
manual.
• Since slow shutter speeds are usually used, use a tripod to prevent camera shake.
• This function does not operate in Repeating flash operation.
• In multiple flash, the master flash unit can be set to either front-curtain or rear-curtain
sync flash. However, the remote units cannot be set to rear-curtain sync flash (p. 72).
Rear-curtain sync
Other functions
In normal flash photography, when shooting fast-moving subjects at slow shutter
speeds, unnatural-looking pictures can occur, because the subject frozen by the
flash appears behind or within the blurred movement (see photo below right).
Rear-curtain flash sync creates a picture in which the blur of a moving subject
(for example, the taillights of a car) appears behind the subject and not in front.
Front-curtain sync
Shooting data
•
•
•
•
•
Focal length:
Shutter speed:
Aperture:
Flash mode:
Flash output level:
70mm
2 sec.
f/4.5
Manual
M1/1
59
Auto FP High-Speed Sync mode (for compatible cameras)
High-Speed flash synchronization at your camera’s highest shutter speed is
now possible. In this mode, the Auto FP High-Speed Sync mode is
automatically set when the shutter speed exceeds the camera’s sync shutter
speed. This is useful when you want to use a wider aperture to achieve shallow
depth of field to blur the background.
• Available with compatible cameras. You cannot set the Auto FP High-Speed sync mode
on the SB-800 directly, but must set it on the camera.
• High-speed flash synchronization is possible exceeding your camera’s sync shutter
speed up to your camera’s highest shutter speed.
• Auto FP High-Speed sync also operates in the Advanced Wireless Lighting mode.
• Available flash modes are i-TTL, Auto Aperture flash, Distance-priority manual flash, and
Manual flash when using a single flash unit. i-TTL, Auto Aperture flash, Non-TTL auto
flash, and Manual flash are available in multiple flash operation.
60
Flash Value Lock (FV Lock) (for compatible cameras)
Flash Value, or “FV,” is the amount of flash exposure for the subject. Using FV
Lock with compatible cameras, you can lock in the appropriate flash exposure
for the main subject. This flash exposure remains locked in, even if you change
the aperture or composition, or zoom the lens in and out.
Other functions
• Available with compatible cameras. You cannot set the FV Lock function on the SB-800
directly. Set it on the camera.
• Available flash modes are i-TTL, Auto Aperture flash and Non-TTL auto flash.
61
Autofocus flash operation in dim light
When the light is too dim for normal autofocus operation, the SB-800’s WideArea AF-Assist Illuminator enables you to perform autofocus flash photography.
• In dim light, the Wide-Area AF-Assist Illuminator turns on automatically when the
camera’s shutter release button is lightly pressed, if
an AF lens is mounted and the camera’s focus
mode is set to S (Single Servo AF with focus
priority), AF, or A.
• The effective shooting distance with the Wide-Area
AF-Assist Illuminator is approx. 1m to 10m (3.3 to
33 ft.) with a 50mm f/1.8 lens or less, depending
on the lens in use.
• Usable lens focal length: 24mm to 105mm (35 to
105mm for F-501/N2020 cameras).
• Use the center focus area in your camera’s
viewfinder when using the wide-area
AF-Assist Illuminator.
t For cameras compatible with CLS
• The SB-800’s Wide-Area AF-Assist Illuminator supports the dynamic-area AF system of
cameras compatible with CLS.
• With a D2H camera, for example:
Usable lens focal length: 24mm to 105mm.
A total of 11 focus areas are usable at a lens focal length of 35mm or longer as shown
in the figure below.
A total of 9 focus areas excluding the extreme right- and left-hand ones are usable at a
lens focal length of less than 35mm.
• With AF cameras such as the D2H, the effective shooting range of the wide-area
AF-assist Illuminator is approx. 1m to 10m (3.3 to 33 ft.) or less in the mid portion of
the frame, and 1m to 7m (3.3 to 23 ft.) or less at the periphery (with a 50mm f/1.8 lens).
These ranges may vary depending on the lens in use.
• For details, see your camera’s instruction manual.
62
v Notes on using the Wide-Area AF-Assist Illuminator
• If the focus indicator does not appear in the camera’s viewfinder even through the WideArea AF-Assist Illuminator turns on, focus manually.
• The Wide-Area AF-Assist Illuminator will not light up, if the camera’s autofocus is locked
or the SB-800’s ready-light does not come on.
• Refer to your camera’s instruction manual for more information.
t Activating and canceling the Wide-Area AF-Assist Illuminator
t Canceling the SB-800’s flash firing but not the Wide-Area
AF-Assist Illuminator
The SB-800’s Wide-Area AF-Assist Illuminator comes on but the flash unit will not fire when
“FIRE” is set to “OFF” (canceled) in the Custom settings mode (p. 67).
• By default, “FIRE” is set to “ON”.
t For cameras having a built-in Speedlight
Other functions
You can set the SB-800’s Wide-Area AF-Assist Illuminator to activate or cancel in the
Custom settings mode (p. 67).
• By default, the Wide-Area AF-Assist Illuminator is set to activate.
• Even when the camera’s AF-Assist Illuminator is set to activate, the SB-800’s Wide-Area
AF-Assist Illuminator is given priority and the camera’s AF-Assist Illuminator does not
light up. However, the camera’s AF-Assist Illuminator lights up only when the SB-800’s
Wide-Area AF-Assist Illuminator is canceled.
• With F80-Series/N80-Series, F75-Series/N75-Series and F65-Series/N65-Series cameras,
the camera’s AF-Assist Illuminator lights up when the SB-800’s Wide-Area AF-Assist
Illuminator is canceled. To cancel the camera’s AF-Assist Illuminator, cancel it on the
camera. For details, refer to your camera’s instruction manual.
• With F60-Series/N60 cameras, the camera’s AF-Assist Illuminator lights up while
shooting at full output manual. For details, refer to your camera’s instruction manual.
u Using the SB-800 off-camera
When using the SB-800 off-camera with the TTL Remote Cord SC-29, autofocus
flash photography in dim light is possible, because the SC-29 features an
AF-assist illuminator function (p. 111).
63
Using the Quick Recycling Battery Pack SD-800
Use the provided quick recycling battery pack to install five batteries to shorten
the recycling time (p. 19).
Notes on using the Quick Recycling Battery Pack SD-800
• With the SD-800 attached, be sure to use five batteries.
• Be sure to replace all five batteries, including the one in this pack and
WARNING the four inside the SB-800, with fresh ones at the same time.
• Do not mix battery brands or types, or use old with new batteries.
Otherwise, the batteries may leak corrosive liquids, become hot, or
explode.
• This battery pack cannot be used when the Power Bracket Unit
SK-6/SK-6A is attached to the SB-800.
Battery chamber lid
Battery chamber lid
attachment index
Quick recycling battery
pack lock switch
• The battery chamber lids for the SB-800 and SD-800 are identical.
■■■ Attaching the Quick Recycling Battery Pack SD-800
1
Slide the SB-800’s battery chamber lid in the
direction of the arrow to open.
2
Push the battery chamber lid back in the direction
of the arrow to remove it.
• The lid can be easily removed if pushed back past
the perpendicular position.
64
Index
Install the batteries in accordance with the i and
j marks, as shown.
4
Open the SD-800’s battery chamber lid to install
an extra battery, following the i and j marks,
as shown.
5
Close the battery chamber lid by sliding it into
place while pressing down.
6
Align the index mark on the SD-800’s battery
chamber lid with the corresponding index mark on
the SB-800 and attach the battery pack by sliding
it into place.
Other functions
3
• Be sure to slide the battery pack until the SD-800’s
lock switch clicks into place.
■■■ Detaching the SD-800.
up the
1 Push
SD-800’s lock
switch, then slide it
to detach.
one of
the
2 Insert
3 Insert
the hinges of
other hinge,
the SB-800’s
battery
chamber lid,
as shown.
as shown.
the
4 Close
battery
chamber lid by
sliding it into
place while
pressing down.
65
Checking the illumination before actually taking the picture (Modeling illuminator)
Press the Modeling illuminator button and the flash fires repeatedly at a
reduced flash output level. This is useful for checking the illumination and the
shadows cast on the subject before actually taking the picture.
• The flash fires as a Modeling illuminator for a maximum of approx. 3 sec. while the
Modeling illuminator button is pressed.
• This function operates only after the ready-light comes on.
■■■ Modeling illuminator with cameras attached
When the Modeling illuminator button on the master (SB-800) flash unit or the
preview button on a camera compatible with the modeling illuminator is
pressed, the modeling illuminator fires.
• For details, see your camera’s instruction manual.
■■■ Modeling illuminator in the Advanced Wireless Lighting
(p. 76) (Available with cameras compatible with CLS)
When the Modeling illuminator button on the master flash unit is pressed, the
Modeling illuminator of the highlighted master unit or grouped remote flash
units fire.
• If the master flash unit and grouped remote flash units are not highlighted, the Modeling
illuminator of the master flash unit only fires (except when the master flash unit’s flash
firing is set to canceled.)
When the preview button on a camera compatible with the modeling illuminator
is pressed, the modeling illuminators of the master and all other remote flash
units fire.
• Both the master and remote flash units fire at the flash output level compensation value
as set.
■■■ Modeling illuminator in SU-4 type wireless multiple flash
operation (p. 84)
When the Modeling illuminator button on the master (SB-800) flash unit or the
preview button on a camera compatible with the modeling illuminator is
pressed, only the modeling illuminator of the master flash unit fires.
• When the SB-800 is set as a remote flash unit, the Modeling illuminator does not fire
even when the Modeling illuminator button is pressed.
v Do not release the shutter while the modeling illuminator is firing
66
If you release the shutter while the master flash unit’s modeling illuminator is
firing, correct exposure cannot be obtained.
Custom functions
The SB-800 can easily set, activate, or cancel various operations using the
Custom settings as shown below. Icons appearing on the LCD panel vary
depending on the settings and the camera/lens combinations. No icon appears
when the settings are not available.
For details on setting custom functions, see “Custom settings” (p. 68).
■■■ Available Custom functions and the icons
ISO sensitivity (p. 24)
Sound monitor in the wireless flash mode
(p. 89)
Non-TTL auto flash mode (p. 38)
Standby function (p. 21)
Other functions
Wireless flash mode (p. 72)
Selecting the distance unit of measure
(m, ft)
Power zoom function (p. 26)
Zoom-head position setting if the built-in
wide-flash adapter is broken off
accidentally (p. 117)
LCD panel illuminator (p. 119)
LCD panel brightness (p. 119)
Wide-area AF-Assist Illuminator (p. 62)
Canceling flash firing (p. 62)
67
Custom settings
■■■ Setting Custom functions
1
Press the g button for approx. 2 sec. to display
the Custom settings mode.
2
Press the e or f button and c or d button on
the Multi Selector to choose the desired custom
functions to be set, then press the g button.
3
Press the e or f button to highlight the
preferred setting.
• Press the c or d button to adjust the “LCD panel
brightness”
4
68
Press the g button for approx. 2 sec. or press
the b button to return to the normal setting
mode.
■■■ Details on Custom settings
(Bold: default setting)
ISO sensitivity (p. 24)
The available ISO sensitivity range is ISO 3 to 8000. Pressing the e or f
button increases or decrease the value in increments of 1/3 step. Pressing
the e or f button continuously increases or decreases the value quickly.
• 100
Setting the flash mode in wireless multiple flash photography.
• OFF
: Canceled
• MASTER
: Master flash unit in the Advanced Wireless
Lighting mode
• MASTER (RPT) : Master flash unit in the Advanced Wireless
Lighting mode (in Repeating flash)
• REMOTE
: Remote flash unit in the Advanced Wireless
Lighting mode
• SU-4
: SU-4 type wireless flash mode
Sound monitor in the wireless flash mode (p. 89)
Other functions
Wireless flash mode (p. 72)
When the SB-800 is used as a wireless remote flash unit, you can activate
or cancel the sound monitor function.
• ON : Sound on
• OFF : Sound off
Non-TTL auto flash mode (p. 38)
Setting the Non-TTL auto flash mode.
• AA : Auto Aperture flash
• A
: Non-TTL auto flash
Standby function (p. 21)
Adjusting the time before the standby function is activated.
• AUTO : With a camera body that is compatible with TTL auto flash (p. 8),
the SB-800 turns off when the camera’s exposure meter turns off.
• 40
: 40 sec.
• 80
: 80 sec.
• 160 : 160 sec.
• 300 : 300 sec.
• - - - : Standby function canceled
69
Custom settings
Selecting the distance unit of measure (m, ft)
Setting the distance unit of measure on the LCD panel to either
meters “m” or feet “ft”.
• m : meters
• ft : feet
Power zoom function (p. 26)
Setting to activate or cancel the power zoom function, which adjusts the
zoom-head position automatically.
• OFF : Activated
• ON : Canceled
Zoom-head position setting if the built-in wide-flash adapter
is broken off accidentally (p. 117)
Setting to activate or cancel the zoom-head position setting if the built-in
wide-flash adapter is broken off accidentally. When set to ON, the zoomhead position display or AUTO indicator (if using a COOLPIX camera
compatible with i-TTL) is framed.
• OFF : Manual setting canceled
• ON : Manual setting activated
LCD panel illuminator (p. 119)
Setting the LCD panel illuminator to turn on or off.
• ON : Turn on
• OFF : Turn off
LCD panel brightness (p. 119)
Adjusting the brightness of the LCD panel. Available brightness levels are
graphically displayed in 9 steps on the LCD panel. Press the c or d
button to adjust the brightness.
Wide-Area AF-Assist Illuminator (p. 62)
Setting to activate or cancel the Wide-Area AF-Assist Illuminator.
• ON : Activated (AF-ILL appears on the LCD panel)
• OFF : Canceled (NO AF-ILL appears on the LCD panel)
Canceling flash firing (p. 62)
Setting to activate or cancel flash firing of the SB-800. When it is set to
OFF, the SB-800 does not fire but the Wide-Area AF-Assist Illuminator
still comes on.
• ON : Firing activated
• OFF : Firing canceled (AF-ILL ONLY appears on the LCD panel)
70
Advanced operations
Information on advanced flash shooting
techniques using the SB-800 is described in
this section.
Overview of multiple flash operation
Multiple flash photography allows you to create more natural-looking pictures
by using several flash units to emphasize the subject’s shape or eliminate
shadows.
The following wireless multiple flash operations are available:
Multiple flash
operation
Advanced Wireless
Lighting (p. 76)
Usable cameras
Usable Speedlights
Cameras compatible
with CLS
SU-4 type wireless
multiple flash
(p. 84)
No limitation
Only those featuring CLS such
as SB-800 for both the master
and remote flash units.
Master flash unit: Speedlights
compatible with wireless flash
operation, those compatible
with the TTL mode, or the builtin Speedlights on cameras so
equipped.
Remote flash unit: Except the
SB-23, all Speedlights
compatible with wireless flash
operation or those connected
to the optional Wireless Slave
Flash Controller SU-4.
Speedlights compatible with
the TTL mode.
• Speedligthts SB-11, SB-14,
SB-140, and SB-21B cannot
be used with the F-401/
N4004 or F-401s/N4004s as
either master or remote flash
units.
Multiple flash
No limitation
operation using cords (TTL multiple flash
(p. 90)
operation is not
possible with digital
SLRs.)
• It’s not possible to use different types of multiple flash operations together.
• Wireless multiple flash operation using Speedlights featuring CLS is called “Advanced
Wireless Lighting”.
For cameras compatible with CLS and digital SLRs not compatible with CLS, set the
master flash unit’s flash mode to Auto Aperture B flash or Non-TTL auto A flash in
SU-4 type wireless multiple flash operation. In multiple flash operation using cords,
multiple flash shooting in M (manual) mode only is possible.
t Master flash unit and remote flash unit(s)
In this instruction manual, the flash unit mounted on the camera or the one directly
connected to the camera via a TTL Remote Cord, such as the SC-17, SC-28 or SC-29, is
called the master flash unit. All other flash units are called the remote flash units.
72
■■■ Be sure to cancel Monitor Preflashes (in TTL multiple flash operation)
In SU-4 type wireless multiple flash and multiple flash using cords, cancel the
Monitor Preflashes of the master flash unit following one of the methods
described below, since Monitor Preflashes cause incorrect exposure.
SB-800
• Set the SU-4 type wireless multiple flash
mode
SB-80DX, SB-50DX
SB-800, SB-600, SB-80DX,
SB-50DX, SB-28, SB-28DX,
SB-27, SB-26, SB-25
Built-in Speedlight
•
•
•
•
•
Set the wireless flash mode.
Set the flash mode to Standard TTL flash.
Tilt the flash head up.
Use a non-CPU lens.
Set the exposure mode to M (Manual).
(F80-Series/N80-Series, F75-Series/
N75-Series, F70-Series/N70)
• To avoid accidental firing, turn off the camera and all flash units before mounting the
master flash unit on or connecting it to the camera.
• When using a Speedlight that has a standby function as a remote flash unit, make sure
that the standby function is set to off, or select a standby duration that is long enough,
using the Custom settings.
• The SB-800’s and SB-80DX’s standby function is canceled while the SB-50DX’s standby
duration is prolonged to approx. one hour when they are set to the wireless remote flash
mode.
• Set the angle of coverage of the remote flash units wider than the picture angle, so that
the subject will receive sufficient illumination even when the angle of the flash head is off
axis from the subject. (In Advanced Wireless Lighting, the zoom-head position is
automatically set to 24mm, except when the built-in wide-flash adapter or Nikon
Diffusion Dome is attached.) Remember, the closer the subject, the wider the angle of
coverage required.
• The brightness of the flash illumination is inversely proportional to the square of the
distance between the flash unit and the subject. For example, if the distance between
Speedlight A and the subject is 1m (3.3 ft.), and Speedlight B is 2m (6.6 ft.), the
combined brightness of the two Speedlights will be:
A : B = 12 : 22 = 1 : 4 (in meters) or 3.32 : 6.62 = approx. 11 : 44 (in feet)
Therefore, the illumination provided by Speedlight A is four times (or two steps) brighter
than that provided by Speedlight B.
• To ensure good results, it’s recommended to make test shots before shooting important
events.
• Be sure to read the instruction manuals of your camera and Speedlight(s) before use.
Advanced operations
v Notes on performing multiple flash (common to both wireless and wired operation)
73
Wireless multiple flash shooting
Read the following when setting up the SB-800 as a remote flash unit in the
Advanced Wireless Lighting and SU-4 type wireless multiple flash modes.
■■■ Flash set-up in the Advanced Wireless Lighting
Set up the camera, master flash unit, and remote flash units as shown in the
figure below.
Less than approx.
10m (33 ft.)
Group C
Be sure to direct the light sensor window of
the remote flash unit toward the master flash.
Approx. 5 to 7m (16 to 23 ft.)
Within 30°
Group B
Master flash unit
Within 30°
Approx. 5 to 7m (16 to 23 ft.)
Group A
• As a basic guide, the effective shooting distance between the master and remote flash
units is approx. 10m (33 ft.) or less in the front position, and approx. 5 to 7m (16 to
23 ft.) at both sides. These ranges vary slightly depending on the ambient light.
• Be sure to place all remote flash units that are set in the same group close together.
• For the effective shooting distance between the master and remote flash units in SU-4
type wireless multiple flash shooting, refer to page 85.
v Setting up the master and remote flash units
• In most cases, position the remote flash unit(s) closer to the subject than the camera,
so that light from the master flash unit can reach the light sensor of the remote flash
unit(s). This is particularly necessary when holding a remote flash unit in your hand.
• Data communication cannot be performed properly if there is an obstacle between the
master unit and remote flash units.
• Take care not to let light from the remote flash unit enter the camera lens directly or
indirectly in TTL auto flash mode. Also, prevent light from entering the master flash unit’s
light sensor in Non-TTL auto flash mode. Otherwise, the correct exposure cannot be
obtained.
• There is no limit to the number of remote flash units that can be used together. However,
if too much light from other remote flash units enters the light sensor of the master flash
unit, correct operation may be impossible. Practically, the number of remote flash units
in Advanced Wireless Lighting should be limited to three for one group.
• Use the provided Speedlight Stand AS-19 for stable placement of the remote flash units.
• Be sure to perform test firing after setting up all flash units (p. 20).
74
■■■ Using the Speedlight Stand
Use the provided Speedlight Stand AS-19 for stable placement of the remote
flash units.
• You can also use the stand for setting up your Nikon Speedlight when using it as a
remote flash unit in multiple flash shooting using cords (p. 90).
Speedlight mounting shoes
for the SB-15 and SB-27
Tripod socket
Setup example using the SB-27
Attachment to the Speedlight Stand
1
READ
FLAS
Attach the SB-800 to the Speedlight Stand in the
same way that you attach it to the camera’s
accessory shoe. The same is true when
detaching it from the camera.
Advanced operations
Speedlight mounting shoe
(for all Speedlights except
the SB-15 and SB-27)
H
t To prevent the remote flash units from firing accidentally
Effective for the SU-4 type wireless multiple flash only
• Do not leave the power of the remote flash units on.
Otherwise, ambient electric noise due to a discharge of
static electricity, etc. may trigger them accidentally.
• If you are holding the remote flash unit in your hand, press
the Modeling illuminator button/Wireless remote flash cancel
button on the SB-800 to avoid accidental firing in sync with
other Speedlights. The SB-800 will not fire, while this button
is pressed.
75
Flash shooting in Advanced Wireless Lighting
When the SB-800 is used with Nikon cameras compatible with CLS,
Advanced Wireless Lighting is possible.
In this mode, you can divide the remote flash units into a maximum of three
groups (A, B, C) and set the flash mode and flash output level compensation
values separately for each group as well as the master flash unit, providing
automatic control of the light output.
■■■ Setting the SB-800 to Advanced Wireless Lighting
You can set the SB-800 to Advanced Wireless Lighting using Custom settings
(p. 67).
Select “MASTER” to set the SB-800 as the master flash unit in the Custom
settings mode.
• The indicator O appears on the LCD panel.
• In case of performing Repeating flash operation, select “MASTER (RPT)” instead
of “MASTER”.
MASTER
MASTER (RPT)
Select “REMOTE” to set the SB-800 as a remote flash unit in the Custom
settings mode.
• The indicator P appears on the LCD panel.
• To set group and channel numbers on the remote flash units, see instructions on page 79.
• To fire the remote flash units via control of the camera’s built-in flash in Commander
mode (D300, D200, D80 and D70-series), refer to “Built-in flash - Commander mode” in
the Custom Settings chapter of the camera’s instruction manual.
76
■■■ Settings in Advanced Wireless Lighting
Item
Speedlight to be set
Remarks
Flash mode
Master flash unit
The following five flash modes are available:
D
: i-TTL mode
B(A) : Auto Aperture flash (Non-TTL auto flash) *1
G
: Manual flash
q
: Repeating flash
--: Flash canceled
Set the flash mode of the remote flash units on the master
flash unit.
The flash mode can be set independently on the master flash
unit and for each group of remote flash units*2.
Flash output level
compensation
Master flash unit
Flash output level compensation values of the remote flash
units can also be set on the master flash unit. The flash output
level compensation values can be set independently on the
master flash unit and for each group of remote flash units.
Communication
channel*3
Master and remote flash
units
Select one of the four available channels.
Be sure to set the same channel number for both the master
flash unit and remote flash units
Group name
Remote flash units
A maximum of 3 groups (A, B, C)
*1 Auto Aperture flash is automatically set when a CPU lens is mounted on cameras
compatible with CLS. However, Non-TTL auto flash is set when a non-CPU lens is
mounted or Non-TTL auto flash is selected using Custom settings.
*2 If Repeating flash has been set on the master flash unit, either the Repeating flash
mode or Flash canceled mode can be set on the remote flash units from the master unit.
*3 If a photographer uses the same type of wireless remote flash setup near you, your
remote flash units may accidentally fire in sync with that photographer’s master flash
unit. To avoid this, use a different channel number.
Advanced operations
In this mode, set the following items on either the master flash unit or the
remote flash units.
u Commander function
The “Commander function” in Advanced Wireless Lighting enables the SB-800 to act as a
commander unit during wireless multiple flash shooting to trigger remote flash units without
firing itself. To activate the “Commander function,” set the SB-800 as the master flash unit
and set its flash mode to “Flash canceled (---)”. This operation will normally not affect the
correct exposure of the subject, although the exposure might be affected if the subject is
close and a high ISO sensitivity has been set. To limit this effect as much as possible,
bounce the light by tilting or rotating the SB-800’s flash head.
77
Flash shooting in Advanced Wireless Lighting
■■■ Setting the flash mode, flash output level compensation
values, and channel number on the master flash unit
1
Press the g button on the master flash unit to
highlight “M”, then press the a button to
choose the desired flash mode.
2
Press the e or f button to increase or decrease
the flash output level compensation values.
• Compensation values can be set in 1/3 steps from
–3.0 to +3.0 EV.
• The flash output level can be set from M1/1 to M1/128
in the Manual G mode.
3
Press the g button to highlight “A”, then press
the a button to set the flash mode on the
remote flash unit within group A.
• If the master unit’s flash mode has been set to
Repeating flash, the Repeating flash or Flash
canceled mode can be set on the remote flash unit.
78
4
Following step 2 above, set the flash output level
compensation values on the remote flash unit
within group A.
5
As in steps 3 and 4, set the flash mode and flash
output level compensation values on the remote
flash units within groups B and C.
6
Press the g button on the master flash unit to
highlight the channel number, then press the e
or f button to set the channel number.
■■■ Setting a group and channel number on the remote flash units
1
Press the g button on the remote flash unit to
highlight the channel number, then press the e
or f button to set the channel number.
• Be sure to choose the same channel number as set
on the master flash unit.
2
Press the g button on the remote flash unit to
highlight the group, then press the e or f
button to set the group.
• For remote flash units where the flash mode and
flash output level compensation values are to be
set identically, place these flash units into the
same group.
Camera
Available flash mode of
built-in flash
Usable channel
number
D300, D200, D80 TTL, M, -- (Flash canceled)
D70-Series
(Flash canceled)
Usable group
1 to 4
A, B
3
A
u Setting in the Repeating flash mode
Advanced operations
v Notes on using camera’s built-in flash in Commander mode
When the master flash unit is set to the q (repeating flash) mode, set the flash output
level, the frequency (Hz) and the number of repeating flashes per frame. (Refer to
“Repeating q flash” on page 48.)
Flash output level
Frequency (Hz)
Number of repeating
flashes per frame
1
Press the g button to highlight the
flash output level display, then press the
e or f button to increase or decrease
the values.
2
Press the g button.
3
Repeat the procedures above to set the
frequency and the number of repeating
flashes per frame.
• The flash output level is set, then the
frequency display is highlighted.
• If Repeating flash has been set on the master flash unit, either the Repeating flash mode
or Flash canceled mode can be set on the remote flash units from the master unit.
79
Flash shooting in Advanced Wireless Lighting
■■■ Examples of flash shooting in Advanced Wireless Lighting
Wireless multiple flash (three flash units)
On-camera single flash
The master flash unit M illuminates the subject while the light from the remote
flash unit A is bounced off the ceiling to illuminate the background and create a
more natural-looking picture. Remote flash unit B is used with a colored gel
filter to create the warmth feeling of a fireplace.
Shooting data
• Camera:
D2H
• Focal length: 25mm
• Master flash
unit M:
SB-800 (D, +1/3 flash
output level
compensation)
• Remote flash
unit A:
SB-800 (D, +1/3 flash
output level
compensation)
• Remote flash
unit B:
SB-800 (G, 1/16 flash
output level)
Remote flash
unit A
Remote flash
unit B
Master flash
unit M
For more details regarding the above example, see the separate booklet, “A collection of
example photos.”
80
Set the camera’s exposure mode to AperturePriority Auto (A).
2
Set the wireless flash mode of the on-camera
SB-800 to MASTER using Custom Settings
(p. 67).
3
Press the g button on the master flash unit to
highlight “M”, then press the a button to
choose D.
4
Press the e button on the master flash unit to
set the flash output compensation value to +0.3.
5
Press the g button on the master flash unit to
highlight “A”, then press the a button to set
the flash mode to D on the remote flash unit A.
6
Likewise, press the e button on the master flash
unit to set the flash output level compensation
value to +0.3 on the remote flash unit A.
Advanced operations
1
81
Flash shooting in Advanced Wireless Lighting
7
Press the g button on the master flash unit to
highlight “B”, then press the a button to set
the flash mode to G on the remote flash
unit B.
8
Likewise, press the f button on the master flash
unit to set the flash output level to 1/16 on the
remote flash unit B.
9
Press the g button on the master flash unit to
highlight the channel number, then press the e
or f button to set the channel number to 1.
up remote flash units A and B. Turn the power
10 Set
on, then confirm that the ready-lights
come on.
• Use a tripod or the Speedlight Stand AS-19 for
placement of the remote flash units (p. 75).
11 Set the remote flash units A and B to REMOTE.
the channel number of the remote flash units
12 Set
A and B to 1.
• Be sure to choose the same channel number as set
on the master flash unit.
82
the group of the remote flash units A
13 Set
and B.
• Set the remote flash unit A to group A and the remote
flash unit B to group B.
that all the ready-lights of the master
14 Confirm
and remote flash units are on, then press the
• The master flash unit fires first, then the remote flash
units in group A fire, followed by those in group B.
• If a certain remote flash unit does not fire, change the
setup by moving the remote unit closer to the subject
or redirect its light sensor window toward the master
flash unit, then test fire the new setup.
• You can check the illumination before actually taking
pictures using the Modeling illuminator (p. 66).
confirm the aperture and flash shooting
15 Finally
distance just as in TTL flash shooting, then shoot.
• Refer to page 17 for TTL flash shooting.
• Flash operation can be confirmed by the ready-light
or the beeping sound (p. 89).
Advanced operations
FLASH button on the master flash unit to test
fire the units.
83
SU-4 type wireless multiple flash shooting
SU-4 type wireless multiple flash can be performed in two ways: (1) In the A
(auto) mode, in which the wireless remote flash units start and stop firing in
sync with the master Speedlight, and (2) in the M (manual) mode, in which the
wireless remote flash units only start firing in sync with the master Speedlight.
• Speedlights featuring wireless multiple flash capability can be used either as the master
or remote flash unit.
• Speedlights compatible with TTL auto flash can be used as the master flash unit. The
optional Wireless Slave Flash Controller SU-4 is necessary when you want to use these
Speedlights as remote flash units.
• The camera’s built-in Speedlight can also be used as a master flash unit.
• There is no limitation in usable cameras.
■■■ Setting the SB-800 to SU-4 type wireless multiple flash
To perform SU-4 type wireless multiple flash, set the wireless flash mode to
“SU-4” using Custom settings (p. 67).
Master flash and remote flash units
• First, set the SB-800’s wireless multiple flash mode to “SU-4” using the Custom settings,
then attach the SB-800 to the camera. The indicator O appears on the LCD panel
telling you that the SB-800 is set as a master flash unit. If you detach the SB-800 from
the camera, the indicator automatically changes to P signifying that the SB-800 is set
as a remote flash unit.
Notes on the master flash unit
• When the SB-800 is set as the master flash unit, Monitor Preflashes are canceled. For
other Speedlights, be sure to cancel the master flash unit’s Monitor Preflashes.
• The following flash modes are recommended for the master flash unit.
Camera group
Cameras compatible
with CLS
Digital SLR
cameras
Film-based
SLR cameras
Digital SLRs not compatible
with CLS
Cameras in Groups I to VI
84
Master flash unit’s flash mode
Non-TTL auto flash mode (B or A)
• TTL mode is not possible, although
icons are displayed when the MODE
button is pressed.
TTL mode
Non-TTL auto flash mode (B or A)
• TTL mode is not possible, although
icons are displayed when the MODE
button is pressed.
TTL mode
Setting the flash mode on the remote flash units
1
Detach the SB-800, which is already set to the
SU-4 type wireless multiple flash mode, from the
camera body.
2
The flash mode on the remote flash unit toggles
between PA (auto) and PM (manual) every
time you press the a button.
Y
READ
FLA
SH
• In the A (auto) mode, the remote flash units start and stop firing in sync with the master
flash unit.
• The maximum shooting distance of the SB-800’s light sensor is approx. 7m (23 ft.).
M (manual) mode
• In the M (manual) mode, the remote flash units only start firing in sync with the master
flash unit.
• The maximum shooting distance of the SB-800’s light sensor is approx. 40m (131 ft.).
• The flash output level can be set from M1/1 to M1/128.
Advanced operations
A (auto) mode
85
SU-4 type wireless multiple flash shooting
■■■ Wireless multiple flash shooting in the A (auto) mode
1
Set the camera’s exposure mode to AperturePriority Auto (A) or Manual (M).
2
Set up all Speedlights as the master and remote
flash units.
3
Set the wireless flash mode of all SB-800’s used
as master and remote flash units to “SU-4.”
4
Press the a button on the remote flash unit
to activate the A mode.
5
Set the flash mode of the master flash unit to the
D mode.
Y
READ
FLA
SH
• With Nikon digital SLRs not compatible with CLS,
set the flash mode to Auto Aperture or Non-TTL
auto flash.
6
Confirm the aperture and flash shooting distance as
in normal TTL auto flash photography, then shoot.
• See page 17 for more information on the TTL auto
flash mode.
• See pages 38 and 40 concerning use of Auto
Aperture or Non-TTL auto flash with digital SLRs not
compatible with CLS.
• Flash operation can be confirmed by the ready-light
or the beeping sound (p. 89).
86
■■■ Wireless multiple flash shooting in the M (manual) mode
1
Set the camera’s exposure mode to AperturePriority Auto (A) or Manual (M).
2
Set up all Speedlights as the master and remote
flash units.
3
Set the wireless flash mode of all SB-800’s used
as the master and remote flash units to “SU-4.”
4
Press the a button on the remote flash unit
to activate the w (manual) mode.
5
Set the flash mode of the master flash unit to
Manual flash.
6
Confirm the aperture and flash shooting distance
as in normal Manual flash shooting, then shoot.
Y
READ
SH
Advanced operations
FLA
• See page 46 for more information on Manual flash.
87
SU-4 type wireless multiple flash shooting
t Adjusting the flash output level of the remote flash units in the
w (manual) mode
Adjusting the flash output level manually
Use the following equation to determine the proper manual flash output level of
the remote flash unit, depending on your creative preferences.
GN = F x D
where GN is the guide number of the remote flash unit (in meters/feet), F is the
lens aperture in use, and D is the distance between the remote flash unit and
the subject (in meters/feet).
For example, with the SB-800’s zoom-head position adjusted to 28mm when using an
ISO sensitivity of 100 if a lens aperture (F) of f/4 is used and the subject distance (D) is
2m (6.6 ft.) away, then shooting a subject at a distance of 2m (6.6 ft.), and a lens aperture
of f/4, then
GN (in meters)= 4 x 2 = 8
GN (in feet)= 4 x 6.6 = approx. 26
Therefore, to get the correct exposure, refer to the Guide Number table (p. 42) and adjust
the flash output level to M1/16.
• Refer to “Determining the aperture and flash output level in the Manual mode” (p. 42).
Adjusting the flash output level in Non-TTL auto flash (A); applicable when
using a Speedlight compatible with Non-TTL auto flash mounted on the
SU-4 as a remote flash unit
Non-TTL auto flash (A) can also be selected on the remote flash unit. In this
case, the remote flash unit controls the flash output based on the aperture and
ISO sensitivity set on the remote flash unit, and automatically stops firing in
sync with the master flash unit (p. 40).
1
Set the same ISO sensitivity on the remote flash unit as set on your
camera.
2
Set the same aperture on both the lens and the remote flash unit to obtain
the correct exposure.
• Depending on your creative preferences, you can intentionally overexpose or
underexpose the picture by modifying the aperture.
• The above setting is applicable ONLY when both the master and remote flash units
are pointed in the same direction.
• Refer to “Setting apertures in Non-TTL auto flash operation” (p. 41) for more details.
88
Confirming wireless multiple flash operation using the ready-light or the beeping sound
You can confirm wireless multiple flash operation by checking the ready-light
on the SB-800 or the beeping sound during and after shooting.
■■■ Using the SB-800’s beeping sound in the wireless flash mode
When the SB-800 is used as a wireless remote flash unit, you can monitor its
operation by listening to the beeping sound (p. 67). This function can be
activated or canceled using the Custom settings.
Confirming flash operation using the ready-light or beeping sound
Remote flash unit
Speedlight condition
Ready-light
Ready-light
Beeping
sound
Lights up
Lights up
One beep
Ready to fire
Lights up or
does not
come on
(not blinking)
Lights up or
does not
come on
(not blinking)
Two beeps
Fired properly
Blinks for
approx. 3
sec.
Blinks for
approx. 3
sec.
Beeps for
approx. 3
sec.
Lights up or
does not
come on
(not blinking)
Blinks for
approx. 3
sec.
Beeps for
approx. 3
sec.
Both the master and remote flash units have
fired at full output and light may have been
insufficient for correct exposure. Use a
wider aperture and reshoot.
The remote flash unit has fired at full output
and light may have been insufficient for
correct exposure. The light sensor could
not detect when to stop firing in sync with
the master flash unit, because a strong
reflection from the remote flash unit itself or
light from another remote flash unit may
have entered the light sensor window.
Change the direction or position of the
remote flash unit and reshoot.
Advanced operations
Master flash
unit
89
Multiple flash shooting using cords
The SB-800 can be used with Speedlights compatible with the TTL auto
flash mode to perform multiple flash shooting using cords.
• Use of the SB-50DX and SB-23 as remote flash units is not recommended, because
the standby function cannot be canceled.
• Speedlights SB-11, SB-14, SB-140, and SB-21B cannot be used with the F-401/N4004
or F-401s/N4004s as either master or remote flash units.
• There is no limitation in usable cameras.
• With digital SLRs and COOLPIX cameras compatible with i-TTL, only manual flash
operation is possible.
■■■ The maximum number of flash units to be connected using cords
• Up to five units including the master flash unit can be used for multiple flash
photography at a total cable length of 10m (33 ft.).
• Make sure the combined total of the coefficients in the table below for all flash units
used together does not exceed 20 at 20°C (68°F) or 13 at 40°C (104°F).
• If it exceeds these figures, you may not be able to take a second shot after the first one.
In this case, turn off the power of all flash units and reduce the total number of flash
units connected.
Speedlight
SB-800, SB-80DX, SB-50DX, SB-30, SB-29, SB-29s, SB-28, SB-28DX,
SB-27, SB-26, SB-25, SB-24, SB-22s, SB-14, SB-11, SB-140
90
Coefficient
1
SB-23, SB-21, SB-17, SB-16, SB-15
4
SB-22
6
SB-20
9
■■■ Notes on multiple flash shooting using cords
Advanced operations
• Be sure to see the instruction manuals of your cameras, Speedlights, and accessories.
• Refer to “System chart for TTL multiple flash shooting using cords” (p. 94) and your
cameras and Speedlights instruction manuals for proper connection.
• Use the optional TTL Multi-Flash Sync Cords SC-27, SC-26, SC-19 or SC-18 to connect
the SB-800 to more than one remote flash unit.
• Use the optional Multi-Flash Adapter AS-10, if the remote flash units are not equipped
with multiple flash terminals.
• Use the optional Multi-Flash Adapter AS-10 to attach the remote flash unit(s) to a tripod.
• Be sure to cancel the master flash unit’s Monitor Preflashes.
• Multiple flash shooting using cords can be performed in two modes: (1) TTL multiple
flash; and (2) Manual multiple flash. Performing multiple flash shooting in the Manual
mode, however, is not recommended, since it is difficult to obtain the correct exposure.
Use the TTL auto flash mode with cameras compatible with TTL auto flash.
• To ensure proper exposure, make test shots before shooting important events.
91
Multiple flash shooting using cords
■■■ TTL multiple flash (not possible with digital SLRs and COOLPIX
cameras compatible with i-TTL)
1
Set the camera’s exposure mode to AperturePriority Auto (A) or Manual (M).
2
Attach the master flash unit to the camera, turn
the power on, and set the flash mode to TTL
auto flash.
• A flash mode, in which Monitor preflashes are fired,
cannot be used.
3
When using either the optional TTL Multi-Flash
Sync Cord SC-27,SC-26, SC-19 or SC-18, turn
off all flash units before connecting the master
flash unit to the remote flash units.
4
Turn on all remote flash units and set the flash
mode on all remote flash unit to TTL auto flash.
5
Confirm the aperture and flash shooting distance
as in normal TTL auto flash shooting, then shoot.
Y
READ
FLA
SH
• See page 17 concerning the TTL auto flash mode.
• When the flash has fired at its maximum output and
underexposure may have occurred, the ready-light on
the SB-800 blinks for approx. 3 sec. To compensate,
use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject
and reshoot.
92
■■■ Manual multiple flash
1
Set the camera’s exposure mode to AperturePriority Auto (A) or Manual (M).
2
Turn off the power and attach the master flash
unit to the camera.
3
Connect the sync terminal on the master flash
unit to the remote flash unit using the optional
Sync Cord SC-11 or SC-15.
4
Turn on the power of all flash units and set the
flash mode on all units to Manual flash.
Y
READ
Y
READ
SH
FLA
Advanced operations
SH
FLA
• The flash output level can be adjusted on the SB-800,
SB-80DX, SB-28, and so forth, if necessary (p. 43).
• Repeating flash is not possible.
5
Confirm the aperture and flash shooting distance
as in normal Manual flash shooting, then shoot.
• See page 46 for more information about the Manual
flash mode.
93
System chart for TTL multiple flash shooting using cords
• With the F6, it is not possible to use Auto FP High-Speed Sync and FV Lock operation
at the same time.
• Speedlights SB-11, SB-14, SB-140, and SB-21B cannot be used with the F-401/N4004
or F-401s/N4004s as either master or remote flash units.
Master flash unit
Film-based SLRs
compatible with CLS
SB-11
F6
SB-14
SB-140
SC-23
Group I
F5 (with DA-30/DP-30)
F100
F90X/N90s
F90-Series/N90
F80-Series/N80-Series
F75-Series/N75-Series
F70-Series/N70
F5 (with DW-30/DW-31)
SB-21B
SC-24
Group II
SB-22 SB-22s SB-23 SB-27 SB-30 SB-50DX
SB-15 SB-20
F4-Series
(with DW-20/DW-21)
F4-Series
(with DA-20/DP-20)
F65-Series/N65-Series
F-801s/N8008s
F-801/N8008
Pronea 600i/6i
SB-16B SB-24 SB-25 SB-26 SB-28/
28DX
Group III
SB-29/29s SB-80DX SB-800
F-601/N6006, F-601M/N6000
SC-17/
28
Group IV
F60-Series/N60
F50-Series/N50
F-401X/N5005
SB-16A
SB-17
SB-21A
Group V
F-501/N2020,
F-401s/N4004s,
F-401/N4004
F-301/N2000
Group VI
FM3A, FA, FE2, FG
Nikonos V
V-type Sync Cord
Group VII
94
F3-Series
AS-17
SC-14
Items marked
on page 94 are
connected to item
on page 95.
Remote flash unit
SB-16B
SB-24
SB-25
SB-26
SB-28/28DX
SB-29/29s
SB-80DX
SB-800
AS-10
SB-11
SB-14
SB-140
SC-18/26
(1.5m)
SC-19/27
(3m)
SC-18/26
SC-19/27
AS-10
SB-15 SB-20
SB-21B
SB-22 SB-22s SB-27 SB-30
SB-16B SB-24 SB-25
SB-26
SB-28/
28DX
SB-29/29s
SB-80DX
Advanced operations
SC-23
SB-800
AS-10
SB-16A
SB-17
SB-21A
SC-18/26
SC-19/27
AS-11
AS-11
AS-11
Using SC-18/26 or
SC-19/27, up to five
flash units can be
used for multiple flash
photography at a total
cable length of 10m
(33 ft.).
95
Flash shooting with digital SLRs cameras using
Supplied with the SB-800, the Colored Gel Filter Set SJ-800 includes two filters:
the FL-G1 for taking flash pictures under fluorescent light and the TN-A1 for
use with incandescent/tungsten light.
• Colored Gel Filter Set SJ-1 is also available as an option (p. 112).
■■■ Using colored gel filters with digital cameras
Purpose
Gel filter
Adjust the camera’s white
balance to:
Balances the color of light from
the flash to match that of
fluorescent light
FL-G1
Fluorescent
Balances the color of light from
the flash to match that of
incandescent or tungsten light
TN-A1
Incandescent
Creates interesting effects by
changing the light from the
flash to a different color
Optional color gel
filters
Flash
■■■ Balancing light from the flash
With digital cameras, if you shoot flash pictures under fluorescent light with the
camera’s white balance set to “Flash,” the main subject illuminated by the flash
will look normal. However, the background will come out green. To
compensate, use the FL-G1 (green gel filter) to convert the light coming from
the flash to the same color as fluorescent light, then adjust the camera’s white
balance to “Fluorescent.” Follow a similar procedure when shooting flash
pictures under incandescent/tungsten illumination using the TN-A1 filter. In this
case, set the white balance to “Incandescent.”
• Available with digital cameras featuring white balance. You cannot set the white balance
on the SB-800. Choose an appropriate white balance setting on your digital camera. For
more details, see your camera’s instruction manual.
• When using tungsten film with a film-based camera, use the TN-A1 (for
incandescent/tungsten light) filter for more effective results.
v Notes on using colored gel filters
96
• These filters are consumable items. When they extremely fade in color or deteriorate,
purchase optional Colored Gel Filter Set SJ-1.
• Colored gel filters may become deformed due to the heat generated from the flash
head. However, this will not affect their performance. When taking pictures using
repeating flash, do not use these filters, because they may become deformed quickly
due to the heat.
• There is no difference between the front and back of colored gel filters. Even though
they may be curled, this will not affect their performance. Likewise, scratches on these
filters will have no effect on performance.
• The amount of exposure compensation printed on each filter is provided as a guide only.
Be sure to make test shots to determine the actual amount of compensation required.
• To remove dust or dirt, wipe the filter lightly with a soft, clean cloth.
colored gel filters
SHOOTING MENU
White bal.
1
Fold the colored gel filter securely on the line.
2
Insert the colored gel filter between the wide-flash
adapter and the flash head.
3
Adjust the white balance setting on your digital
camera, then shoot.
Auto
Incandescent
Fluorescent
Direct sunlight
Flash
Cloudy
Shade
u Optional Colored Gel Filter Set SJ-1
Advanced operations
■■■ How to use colored gels
The optional Colored Gel Filter Set SJ-1 contains a total of 20 filters in 8 models
of colored gels for balancing the color of light or adding specific colors to the
scene using a Speedlight (p. 112).
•
•
•
•
FL-G1 (for fluorescent light)
TN-A1 (for incandescent/tungsten light)
BLUE
• YELLOW
• RED
With the last four filters, adjust your digital
“Flash” for the most effective results.
• FL-G2 (for fluorescent light)
• TN-A2 (for incandescent/tungsten light)
• AMBER
camera’s white balance (if available) to
97
Bounce flash operation
With the SB-800 mounted on your camera’s hot shoe, you can tilt or rotate the
flash head to bounce the light off the ceiling or walls. This is a good technique
to use when shooting indoors, because you get more natural-looking pictures
of people with softer shadows. Also, you can soften the shadows even more by
using the Nikon Diffusion Dome.
Bounce flash
Normal flash
Shooting data:
• Camera:
D2H
• Focal length:
60mm
SB-800 set to D
• Speedlight:
• Aperture:
f/8
• Shooting distance: Approx. 4m (13.1 ft.)
Shooting data:
• Camera:
• Focal length:
• Speedlight:
• Aperture:
• Shooting distance:
D2H
60mm
SB-800 set to D
f/9
Approx. 4m (13.1 ft.)
For more details on the above example, see the separate booklet, “A collection of
example photos”.
Tilting the flash head
90
50
For effective bounce flash off the
ceiling, tilt the flash head up at least
50°. Also, make sure that the light
from the flash head does not directly
illuminate the subject.
• Optimum results are obtained when the
flash head is positioned 1–2m (3.3–6.6 ft.)
from the reflecting surface.
98
Set the camera’s exposure mode to AperturePriority Auto (A) or Manual (M).
2
Set the camera’s metering system to Matrix
Metering Y or Center-Weighted Metering W.
3
Set the flash mode to TTL or Auto Aperture or
Non-TTL auto flash.
4
Set the camera’s aperture.
5
Adjust the flash head.
6
Make sure that the ready-light is on, then shoot.
• Refer to page 100 for setting the aperture.
Advanced operations
1
• When the flash has fired at its maximum output and
underexposure may have occurred, the ready-light on
the SB-800 blinks for approx. 3 sec. To compensate,
use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject
and reshoot.
99
Bounce flash operation
■■■ Setting the aperture
In bounce flash, there is a light loss of 2–3 stops when compared with normal
flash photography. Therefore, you should use a wider aperture. When the flash
head is adjusted to other than the horizontal/front position, the flash shooting
distance range indicator on the SB-800 disappears. To ensure correct
exposure, first confirm the flash shooting distance range and aperture with the
flash head in the normal position. Next, set this aperture on the camera, then
adjust the flash head to the appropriate bounce position.
• In Non-TTL auto flash operation, set the same aperture on the SB-800.
■■■ Setting the flash head
As shown in the illustrations, tilt or rotate the SB-800’s flash head by holding
down the flash head tilting/rotating lock release button and adjusting the flash
head to match the shooing environment or your creative preferences.
Flash head tilting and rotating angles
The SB-800’s flash head tilts up 90° and down –7°,
and rotates horizontally 180° to the left and 90° to
the right.
90° 75°
60°
45°
0°
• Set the flash head at a click stop at the angles shown.
• When taking close-up pictures with flash, tilt the flash
head down to the –7° position (p. 102).
7°
°
0°
90°
12
0°
90°
0°
180°
15
100
30
°
°
60
60
°
30
Choosing the reflecting surface
In color photography, select white or highly
reflective surfaces to bounce the light off of.
Otherwise, your pictures will come out with an
unnatural color cast similar to that of the
reflecting surface.
u Using the built-in bounce card
In bounce flash photography, use the SB-800’s built-in bounce card to create a
highlight in the subject’s eyes, making the eyes look more vibrant.
• As shown in the illustrations, pull out the wide-flash adapter and while holding the
bounce card, slide the wide-flash adapter back into place inside the flash head.
• Tilt the flash head up 90° to use this feature most effectively.
By attaching the provided Nikon Diffusion Dome over the flash head, you can
diffuse the light even more when doing bounce flash, creating extremely soft
light with virtually no shadows. With the camera in either the horizontal or
vertical position, you get the same effect.
• Good results are generally obtained when the flash head is tilted up 60°.
• Use of the built-in wide-flash adapter in conjunction with the Nikon Diffusion Dome
results in the maximum amount of diffused light (p. 104).
90° 50°
Nikon Diffusion Dome attached
Advanced operations
u Shooting with the Nikon Diffusion Dome
Nikon Diffusion Dome not attached
Attach the Nikon Diffusion Dome as shown
in the illustration.
• The zoom-head position is automatically set
at 14mm.
101
Close-up flash operation
When the built-in wide-flash adapter is used, close-up flash shooting can be
performed. The built-in wide-flash adapter diffuses the light from the flash to
soften shadows. When the SB-800 is used off-camera, you can take more
natural-looking close-up pictures.
• Be sure to use the wide-flash adapter when taking close-up flash photographs.
• Be careful when using a long lens that the light from the flash is not obstructed by the
lens barrel.
• Vignetting may occur in close-up flash photography due to the lighting situation, lens in
use, focal length setting, etc. Therefore, make test shots before shooting an important
assignment.
Flash shooting with two flash units
(light bounced from the side and top)
Shooting data:
• Camera:
• Focal length:
• Master flash unit:
• Remote flash unit:
• Aperture:
• Shooting distance:
D2H
105mm
SB-800 set to D
SB-800 set to D
f/22
Approx. 1m (3.3 ft.)
From the
top
Master
flash unit
Remote
flash unit
Flash shooting with one
camera-mounted flash unit
Shooting data:
• Camera:
• Focal length:
• Master flash unit:
• Aperture:
• Shooting distance:
D2H
105mm
SB-800 set to D
f/10
Approx. 1m (3.3 ft.)
Example of close-up shooting
with two flash units
Illumination from the side and top
provided by two flash units
emphasizes the small subject’s
contours. Bounced light from the
side softens the shadows.
Use either the
SC-29, SC-28 or SC-17.
For more details on the above example, see the separate booklet, “A collection
of example photos”.
102
Set the camera’s exposure mode to AperturePriority Auto (A) or Manual (M).
2
Set the camera’s metering system to Matrix
Metering Y or Center-Weighted Metering W.
3
Set the SB-800’s flash mode to TTL auto flash.
4
Position the built-in wide-flash adapter over the
flash head. Press the c or d button to adjust
the zoom-head position to 14mm or 17mm.
5
Tilt the flash head down to –7°.
6
Confirm that the ready-light is on, then shoot.
7°
Advanced operations
1
• When the SB-800 is attached to the camera and used
as the only flash unit, this position is recommended to
ensure sufficient illumination of the lower portion of the
subject in close-up photography.
• The dotted line below the underbar appears when the
flash head is tilted down to this position.
• When the flash has fired at its maximum output and
underexposure may have occurred, the ready-light on
the SB-800 blinks for approx. 3 sec. To compensate,
use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject
and reshoot.
103
Close-up flash operation
■■■ Setting the built-in wide-flash adapter and adjusting the
zoom-head position
1
Slowly pull out the wide-flash adapter all the way,
and position it over the flash head. Then slide the
bounce card back into place inside the flash
head.
2
Press the c or d button to adjust the zoom
head position to 14mm or 17mm.
• When the wide-flash adapter is set on the flash head,
the power zoom function becomes inactive and the
zoom-head position is adjusted to 14mm or 17mm.
To adjust the zoom-head position, go to the Custom
Settings “Zoom-head position setting if the built-in
wide-flash adapter is broken off accidentally” (p. 67).
• To slide the wide-flash adapter back into place, lift it
and push it into the flash head as far as it will go.
■■■ Setting the aperture
Calculate the aperture by using this equation and table. To ensure the correct
exposure, use an aperture smaller than the one obtained from the equation.
ISO sensitivity
Coefficient (m/ft)
25
1.4/4.6
50
2/6.6
100
2/6.6
200
4/13
400
4/13
800
5.6/18
1000
5.6/18
f/stop Coefficient ÷ Flash-to-subject distance
For example, at an ISO sensitivity of 100 with a subject 0.5m (1.6 ft.) away and
the wide-flash adapter in place, the suggested aperture is:
f/stop 2 ÷ 0.5 = 4 (in meters)
f/stop 6.6 ÷ 1.6 = approx. 4 (in feet)
Therefore, you should use at least f/4 or an even smaller aperture, such as f/5.6
or f/8.
104
u When shooting subjects closer than 0.6m (2 ft.)
With the SB-800 attached to the camera, sufficient illumination of the subject
cannot be obtained. In this case, use the SB-800 off-camera by attaching the
optional TTL Remote Cord as shown below.
A
B
• In Do flash operation where Monitor Preflashes are fired, when the SB-800 is used
with D/G-type CPU lenses, you may not be able to get the correct exposure, because
distance information from the lens is used. In this case, position the camera (A) and the
SB-800 (B) at equal distances from the subject.
• For F5 cameras with the High-Magnification Finder DW-30 or DW-31, or F4 cameras with
the High-Magnification Finder DW-20 or DW-21, use the optional TTL Remote Cord
SC-24 instead of the SC-17.
Advanced operations
Use either the SC-29, SC-28 or SC-17.
105
Flash shooting in the 1/300 TTL
High-Speed Flash sync mode (F5 only)
• The farthest flash shooting distance cannot be read on the
SB-800’s LCD panel. In this case, use the guide number table
and equation for calculating this distance, according to each
zoom-head position.
D (farthest flash shooting distance)
= Guide number ÷ f/stop (aperture)
Guide number (m/ft.) in the 1/300 TTL High-Speed Flash sync
mode
ISO
sensitivity
25
50
100
200
400
800
∗1
∗2
2.5/8 3/10
3.6/12 4.3/14
5/16
6/20
7/23 8.4/28
10/33 12/39
14/46 16.8/55
14∗3
3.5/11
5/16
7/23
9.8/32
14/46
19.6/64
Zoom-head position (mm)
17∗3
24
28
35
50
3.5/11 5.5/18 6/20 7/23
8/26
5/16 7.8/26 8.5/28 9.9/32 11.4/37
7/23 11/36 12/39 14/46 16/52
9.8/32 15.4/51 16.8/55 19.6/64 22.4/73
14/46 22/72 24/79 28/92 32/105
19.6/64 30.8/101 33.6/110 39.2/129 44.8/147
70
85
9/30 9.5/31
12.8/42 13.5/44
18/59 19/62
25.2/83 26.6/87
36/118 38/125
50.4/165 53.2/174
105
10/33
14.2/47
20/66
28/92
40/131
56/184
∗1 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached and the wide-flash adapter in
place
∗2 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached
∗3 With the wide-flash adapter in place
• For example, when shooting with an ISO sensitivity of 100, at a 35mm
zoom-head position and an aperture of f/5.6:
D = 14 ÷ 5.6 (f/stop) = 2.5 (in meters)
(farthest flash shooting distance)
D = 46 ÷ 5.6 (f/stop) = 8.2 (in feet)
(farthest flash shooting distance)
106
Reference information
Optional accessories, Troubleshooting,
Speedlight care, Specifications, etc. are
presented here.
TTL auto flash modes available with the SB-800
The available types of TTL auto flash vary, depending on the camera/lens/
exposure mode/metering system in use. The following tables show the
SB-800’s TTL mode indicators and the corresponding ones used in the
instruction manuals of Speedlights featuring no CLS when the flash unit is
used with various cameras not compatible with CLS.
• Refer to your camera’s instruction manual for specific information on camera settings
and functions.
Exposure mode
P : Programmed Auto
S : Shutter-Priority Auto
A : Aperture-Priority Auto
M : Manual
TTL/D-TTL auto flash mode
D E : Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash with
TTL Multi Sensor
D F : Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash, CenterWeighted Fill-Flash/Spot Fill-Flash
D
: Standard TTL Flash
Metering system
Y : Matrix
W : Center-Weighted
X : Spot
C D E : Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash with
TTL Multi Sensor for Digital SLRs
C D F : Center-Weighted Fill-Flash for Digital
SLRs
CD
: Standard TTL Flash for Digital SLRs
Cameras compatible with the TTL/D-TTL auto flash mode
Camera Camera
Group
D1-Series
Digital
SLRs not
compatible D100
with CLS
I
108
TTL mode TTL mode
with no CLS
Do C D E ∗1
Do C D E ∗2
Do C D F
CD
D
CD
D
Do C D E ∗1
Do C D E ∗2
CD
D
CD
D
Exposure
mode
P/S/A/M
P/S/A/M
A/M
P/S/A/M
A/M
P/S/A/M
P/S/A/M
P/S/A/M
M
Metering
system
YW
YW
W
YWX
WX
YW
YW
YWX
WX
Lens
CPU lens (D/G-type)
CPU lens (except for D/G-type)
Non-CPU lens
CPU lens
Non-CPU lens
CPU lens (D/G-type)
CPU lens (except for D/G-type)
CPU lens
Non-CPU lens
∗1: 3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash for Digital SLRs is set.
∗2: Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash for Digital SLRs is set.
F5
Do DE∗2
P/S/A/M YW
CPU lens (D/G-type)
F100
P/S/A/M YW
CPU lens (except for D/G-type)
Do DE∗3
A/M
W
Non-CPU lens
Do DF
D
P/S/A/M YWX CPU lens
D
D
A/M
WX
Non-CPU lens
D
F90X/N90s
P/S/A/M YWX CPU lens (D/G-type)∗ 1
Do DE∗2
F90-Series/
P/S/A/M YWX CPU lens (except for D/G-type)
Do DE∗3
N90
A/M
WX
Non-CPU lens
Do DF
F70-Series/
D
P/S/A/M YWX CPU lens∗1
D
N70
D
A/M
WX
Non-CPU lens
D
∗1: The A and M exposure modes cannot be used with a G-type lens.
∗2: 3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash is set. ∗3: Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash is set.
Camera Camera
Group
F80-Series/
N80-Series
I
F75-Series/
N75-Series
TTL mode TTL mode
with no CLS
Exposure Metering
mode
system
Do
Do
D
D
Do
Do
D
D
P/S/A/M
P/S/A/M
P/S/A/M
M
P/S/A
P/S/A
P/S/A/M
M
DE∗2
DE∗3
D
D
DE∗2
DE∗3
D
D
YW
YW
YWX
WX
Y
Y
W
W
Lens
CPU lens (D/G-type)
CPU lens (Non-D/G-type AF)
CPU lens
Non-CPU lens∗ 1
CPU lens (D/G-type)
CPU lens (Non-D/G-type AF)
CPU lens
Non-CPU lens ∗ 1
∗1: The camera’s exposure meter cannot be used. Set the aperture using the lens aperture ring.
∗2: 3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash is set. ∗3: Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash is set.
F4-Series
Do
DF
P/S/A/M
Y
CPU lens∗1
Do
DF
A/M
Y
Non-CPU lens∗2
Do
DF
Do
D F ∗3
P/S/A/M
W
CPU lens∗1
A/M
W
D
Non-CPU lens
D
P/S/A/M
YWX
CPU lens∗1
D
D
A/M
YWX
Non-CPU lens
∗3
F65-Series/
N65-Series
II
Do
DF
P/S/A
Y
CPU lens
D
D
P/S/A/M
YW
CPU lens∗1
D
D
M
W
Non-CPU lens∗2
∗1: Center-Weighted Metering is automatically set when the exposure mode is set to M.
∗2: The camera’s exposure meter cannot be used. Set the aperture using the lens aperture ring.
F-801s/
N8008s
Do
DF
Do
DF
F-801/
N8008
Do
D F ∗3
D
D
P/S/A/M
Y
CPU lens∗1
P/S/A/M
WX
CPU lens ∗1/∗2
A/M
WX
Non-CPU lens∗2
D
P/S/A/M
YWX
CPU lens ∗1/∗2
D
A/M
WX
Non-CPU lens∗2
∗3
Reference information
∗1: The A and M exposure modes cannot be used with a G-type lens.
∗2: AI-S, AI, Series E lens only usable. ∗3: Center-Weighted Fill-Flash is set.
∗1: The A and M exposure modes cannot be used with a G-type lens.
∗2: Spot Metering is not possible with the F-801/N8008.
∗3: Center-Weighted Fill-Flash/Spot Fill-Flash is set.
Pronea
600i/6i
Do
DF
P/S/A/M
Y
CPU lens
D
D
P/S/A/M
YWX
CPU lens
D
D
M
WX
Non-CPU lens∗1
∗1: The camera’s exposure meter cannot be used. Set the aperture using the lens aperture ring.
109
TTL auto flash modes available with the SB-800
Camera
Group
Camera
F-601/
N6006
TTL mode TTL mode
with no CLS
Exposure Metering
mode
system
Lens
D
D
P/S/A/M
Y
CPU lens (except for G-type) ∗1
D
D
P/S/A/M
WX
CPU lens (except for G-type) ∗1
D
D
A/M
WX
Non-CPU lens∗1
D
D
P/S/A/M
YWX
CPU lens (except for G-type) ∗2
D
D
A/M
WX
Non-CPU lens∗2
∗1: Only D appears on the SB-800’s LCD panel. Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash or Center-
III
Weighted Fill-Flash/Spot Fill-Flash is selected when F appears on the camera’s LCD panel.
∗2: Center-Weighted Metering is automatically set when the exposure mode is set to M.
F-601M/
N6000
D
D
P/S
Y
CPU lens∗1
D
D
P/S
W
CPU lens∗1
D
D
A/M
W
Non-CPU lens∗1
D
D
P/S
YW
CPU lens
D
D
A/M
W
Non-CPU lens
∗1: Only D appears on the SB-800’s LCD panel. Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash or CenterWeighted Fill-Flash/Spot Fill-Flash is selected when F appears on the camera’s LCD panel.
IV
F60-Series/N60
D
D∗1
P/S/A
Y
CPU lens
F50-Series/N50
D
D∗2
M
W
CPU/non-CPU lens
D
D∗3
P
W
CPU∗4/non-CPU lens∗5
F-401x/N5005
F-501/N2020
V
D
F-301/N2000
D
A/M
W
CPU∗4/non-CPU lens
∗1: Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash is set. ∗2: Center-Weighted Fill-Flash/Spot Fill-Flash is set.
∗3: Programmed TTL Auto Flash is set. ∗4: G-type Nikkor lenses cannot be used. Nikkor lenses
for F3AF usable. ∗5: AI-S, AI, Series E lenses only usable.
F-401s/N4004s D
D∗2
P/S
Y
CPU lens
D
D
A/M
YW
D
D
M
W
FA
D
D
P/A/M
YW
CPU (except G-type)/non-CPU lens∗1
FE2
D
D
A/M
W
CPU (except G-type)/non-CPU lens∗1
FG
D
D
P/A/M
W
CPU (except G-type)/non-CPU lens∗1
Nikonos V
D
D
A/M
W
CPU (except G-type)/non-CPU lens∗1/∗2
F3-Series
D
D
A/M
W
CPU (except G-type)/non-CPU lens∗3
F-401/N4004
CPU lens∗1
Non-CPU lens
∗1: Center-Weighted Metering is automatically set when the exposure mode is set to M.
∗2: Programmed TTL Auto Flash is set.
D
FM3A
D
A/M
W
CPU (except G-type)/non-CPU lens
VI
∗1: Standard TTL Flash is not possible if the shutter speed is set to M250 or B (bulb)
for the FA, FE2, and M90 for the FG and Nikonos V cameras.
110
∗2: An optional sync cord for land use is required.
∗3: Optional TTL Unit Coupler AS-17 is required.
Optional accessories
■■■ Accessories for multiple flash
TTL Remote Cord SC-29/28/17 (approx. 1.5m or 4.9 ft)
TTL Remote Cord SC-24 (approx. 1.5m or 4.9 ft)
TTL Remote Cords SC-29/SC-28/SC-17/SC-24 provide TTL
auto flash operation when the SB-800 is used off-camera.
Their flash shoes come with one tripod socket and two TTL
multiple flash terminals. The TTL Remote Cord SC-24 is for
use with F5 cameras mounted with a High-Magnification
Finder DW-30 or DW-31, or F4 cameras having a HighMagnification Finder DW-20 or DW-21. The SC-29 features an
AF-assist illuminator function (The SC-29 is not equipped with
a TTL multiple flash terminal.)
TTL Multi-Flash Sync Cord SC-26/18 (approx. 1.5 m or 4.9 ft)
TTL Multi-Flash Sync Cord SC-27/19 (approx. 3 m or 9.8 ft)
Multi-Flash Sync Cords SC-18/SC-19/SC-26/SC-27 are useful
for connecting the SB-800 to the multiple flash terminal of the
SC-28, SC-17 or AS-10 for TTL multiple flash operation.
TTL Multi-Flash Adapter AS-10
Use the Multi-Flash Adapter AS-10 when connecting more
than three flash units together for TTL multiple flash operation,
or if the remote flash units are not equipped with multiple
flash terminals. The AS-10 comes with one tripod socket and
three TTL multiple flash terminals.
Sync Cord SC-11 (approx. 25 cm or 9.8 in.)
Sync Cord SC-15 (approx. 1 m or 3.3 ft)
Sync Cords SC-11 and SC-15 are handy when you want to
use the SB-800 off-camera or for use with cameras not having
accessory shoes. These cords also allow you to perform
multiple flash operation in the Manual mode.
Sync Terminal Adapter AS-15
The Sync Terminal Adapter AS-15 is necessary when
connecting the SB-800 to cameras not having a sync
terminal.
Reference information
SC-29
Wireless Slave Flash Controller SU-4
Useful for multiple flash photography, the SU-4 features a
built-in, movable light sensor and an accessory shoe for
attachment of a remote flash unit. The SU-4’s light sensor not
only triggers the remote unit to fire in sync with the master
unit, but controls the flash duration of the remote unit to
provide wireless TTL, Non-TTL, or Manual operation.
111
Optional accessories
TTL Flash Unit Coupler AS-17 for F3-Series cameras
Dedicated adapter for F3-Series cameras providing TTL flash
operation with Nikon Speedlights such as the SB-800
featuring an ISO-type mounting foot (not designed for the F3).
Bracket SK-7
A metal plate with attachment screws allowing the camera
and Speedlight to be positioned side by side. Use the
optional TTL Multi-Flash Adapter AS-10 to attach the SB-800
to Bracket SK-7.
Multi-Flash Bracket Unit SK-E900
(One AS-E900 Multi-Flash Adapter is included with the
SK-E900)
Multi-Flash Adapter AS-E900
The SB-800 can be used as a multiple flash unit with
Nikon COOLPIX 900-series digital cameras by attaching the
COOLPIX to Multi-Flash Bracket Unit SK-E900 and
connecting the SB-800 to the multi-flash terminal of the
COOLPIX using the Multi-Flash Adapter AS-E900 (p. 34).
■■■ Other accessories
Speedlight Stand AS-19
Same as that provided with this SB-800.
Colored Gel Filter Set SJ-1
A total of 20 filters in 8 models are provided.
Colored gel filters are consumable items and subject to a
gradual deterioration in color due to the heat generated when
the flash fires. Therefore, it is recommended to check and
replace these filters when necessary.
112
■■■ Using external power sources
Connecting to an external power source
To use an external power source, remove the cover
and connect its power cord to the SB-800’s external
power source terminal.
• Do not use the power cord SC-16 when connecting the
SB-800 to the Nikon DC Unit SD-7; use the SC-16A instead.
• Using external power sources made by another
manufacturer is not recommended.
Nikon DC Unit SD-7
Nikon High-Performance
Battery Pack SD-8A
Power Bracket Unit
SK-6/SK-6A
External power
source
DC Unit SD-7∗1
HighPerformance
Battery Pack
SD-8A∗2
Power Bracket
Unit SK-6/SK-6A∗1
Battery type required
Min. recycling Min. number of
flashes/recycling
time (approx.) time (approx.)
C-type alkaline-manganese (x 6)
AA-type alkaline-manganese (x 6)
AA-type NiCd (1000mAh) (x 6)
AA-type Nickel (x 6)
AA-type Ni-MH (2000mA) (x 6)
AA-type lithium (x 6)∗3
AA-type alkaline-manganese (x 4)
AA-type NiCd (1000mAh) (x 4)
AA-type Nickel (x 4)
AA-type Ni-MH (2000mA) (x 4)
AA-type lithium (x 4)∗3
2.5 sec.
2.5 sec.
2 sec.
2.5 sec.
2 sec.
3.5 sec.
3 sec.
2.5 sec.
3 sec.
2.5 sec.
3.5 sec.
350 times/2.5-30 sec.
320 times/2.5-30 sec.
190 times/2-30 sec.
380 times/2.5-30 sec.
300 times/2-30 sec.
310 times/3.5-30 sec.
230 times/3-30 sec.
150 times/2.5-30 sec.
280 times/3-30 sec.
230 times/2.5-30 sec.
260 times/3.5-30 sec.
Reference information
Specifications
∗1 With AA-type alkaline-manganese batteries in the SB-800.
∗2 With the same type of batteries in both the external power source and the SB-800.
∗3 When fired at an interval of 120 seconds.
• The above data may vary due to variations in performance or whether fresh or old
batteries are used.
• In rare cases, when firing the modeling illuminator with the SD-8A or SK-6/SK-6A
attached, the SB-800 may be powered by its own batteries, and the external power
source does not operate. This is not a malfunction.
113
Tips on Speedlight care
WARNING
Never use thinner, benzene, or other active agents for cleaning the
Speedlight, as this may damage the Speedlight or cause it to catch
on fire. Using these agents may also impair your health.
■■■ Cleaning
• Use a blower brush to remove dirt and dust from the SB-800 and clean it with a soft,
clean cloth. After using the SB-800 near saltwater, wipe the flash unit with a soft, clean
cloth moistened slightly with plain water to remove the salt, then dry it using a dry cloth.
• On rare occasions, the LCD may turn on or turn dark, due to static electricity. This is not
a malfunction. The display will soon return to normal.
• Do not drop the SB-800 or hit it against a hard surface, as this may damage its precision
mechanisms. Do not apply strong pressure to the LCD panel.
■■■ Storage
• Store the SB-800 in a cool, dry place to prevent malfunctions due to high humidity, as
well as the growth of mold or mildew.
• Keep the SB-800 away from chemicals such as camphor or naphthalene. Avoid
exposing the SB-800 to magnetic waves from TVs or radios.
• Do not use or leave the SB-800 in locations subject to high temperatures such as those
encountered near a heater or stove, as this may cause damage.
• When not using the SB-800 for more than two weeks, be sure to remove the batteries to
prevent malfunctions due to battery leakage.
• Take the SB-800 out once a month, insert the batteries, and fire the unit several times to
reform the capacitor.
• When the SB-800 is stored together with a desiccant, change the desiccant occasionally
since it does not absorb moisture effectively after a while.
■■■ Operating location
• An extreme temperature change can cause condensation inside the SB-800. When
taking the SB-800 to a very hot place from a very cold place or vice versa, place it
inside an airtight container such as plastic bag. Leave it inside for a while, then expose
the SB-800 gradually to the outside temperature.
• Avoid exposing the SB-800 to strong magnetism or radio waves from TVs or highvoltage power transmission towers, as this may cause it to malfunction.
114
Notes on batteries
■■■ Usable batteries
Use four (or five) AA-type batteries (1.5V or lower) of any of the following types.
• High-power manganese batteries are not recommended.
• Using the Quick Recycling Battery Pack SD-800 (p. 64) or an external power source
(p. 113) increases the number of flashes and provides faster recycling times.
Alkaline-manganese (1.5V)/Nickel (1.5V) batteries
Non-rechargeable. Never attempt to charge these batteries in a battery
charger. Otherwise, they may explode.
Lithium (1.5V) batteries
Non-rechargeable. Never attempt to charge these batteries in a battery
charger. Otherwise, they may explode.
• Depending on battery specifications, when these batteries become hot, the safety
circuits are activated, cutting off power. This often occurs when the flash unit is operated
in the repeating flash mode. Battery power will recover when the temperature returns to
normal.
Recycling
rechargeable
NiCd batteries
To protect the earth’s environment, do not dispose
of used rechargeable batteries yourself. Instead,
take these batteries to your nearest recycling center.
■■■ Notes on handling batteries
• Because flash consumes a large amount of battery power, rechargeable batteries may
not operate properly before reaching the end of their stated lifespan or the number of
charging/discharging as specified by the battery manufacturer.
• When replacing batteries, replace all four (or five) batteries at the same time. Do not mix
battery types or brands or use old with new batteries.
• When installing batteries, turn off the power of the Speedlight and never reverse the
polarity of the batteries.
• If the battery terminals become soiled, remove dirt and smudges before use, as this
may cause a malfunction.
• Battery power tends to weaken as the temperature drops. It also gradually decreases
when batteries are not used for a long time and recovers after a short break following
intensive use. Be sure to check battery power and replace the batteries with fresh ones,
if you notice any delays in the recycling time.
• Do not store batteries in locations subject to high temperatures and high humidity.
Reference information
NiCd battery (rechargeable, 1.2V) /Ni-MH (rechargeable, 1.2V)
Rechargeable. Before recharging the batteries, be sure to read the instruction
manuals for your batteries and battery charger for detailed information on how
to handle and recharge the batteries.
115
Troubleshooting
If a warning indication appears on the SB-800’s LCD panel or inside the
camera’s viewfinder, use the following chart to determine the cause of the
problem before you take your Speedlight to a Nikon service center for repair.
■■■ Problems with the SB-800
Problem
Ref.
page
p. 18
p. 19
p. 21
The power cannot be turned on.
The ready-light does not light up.
The batteries are not correctly installed.
nBattery power is weak.
nThe standby function is activated
and operating.
The power turns off automatically.
A strange sound can be heard caused
by the flash head zooming back and
forth even when the SB-800 is
turned off.
The flash shooting distance range
does not appear.
No D, or o indicator appears
in TTL auto flash mode.
The batteries are extremely exhausted.
p. 19
The batteries are extremely exhausted.
p. 19
The flash head is adjusted to other than
the horizontal/front or down -7˚ position.
The camera’s exposure mode or
metering system is not correctly set or a
non-CPU lens is mounted.
The built-in wide-flash adapter is in use or
the Nikon Diffusion Dome is attached.
p. 23
Control buttons are locked.
p. 12
Canceling flash firing is activated in the
Custom settings mode.
p. 67
The zoom-head position cannot be
adjusted to other than 14mm or 17mm.
The SB-800 does not work when
control buttons (a button, e/f
button, or c/d button) and g button
are pressed.
The SB-800 does not fire.
116
Cause
p. 108
p. 101
p. 96
■■■ If the built-in wide-flash adapter is broken off accidentally
If the wide-flash adapter is subjected to a strong impact while set on the flash
head, it may be broken off. In this case, visit your nearest authorized Nikon
service center for repair.
• When the wide-flash adapter is broken off, it is no longer possible to set the zoom-head
position to other than 14mm or 17mm. To adjust the zoom-head position, go to the
Custom Settings “Zoom-head position setting if the built-in wide-flash adapter is broken
off accidentally” (p. 67).
■■■ Warning indications in the SB-800
The ready-light blinks for 3 sec. after firing.
The underexposure indicator blinks and
the amount of underexposure is
displayed, depending on the camera
in use.
The dotted line below the underbar
appears.
The aperture indicator displays
“FEE” and the shutter cannot be released.
Three beeps sound during wireless multiple
flash shooting.
Cause
Ref.
page
Underexposure may have occurred.
p. 33
The flash head is tilted down –7°.
p. 23
The aperture on the lens is not set at its
minimum.
The flash has fired at its maximum output
and under exposure may have occurred.
—
p. 89
Reference information
Problem
117
Troubleshooting
■■■ Ready-light warning inside the camera’s viewfinder
Problem
Cause
Cameras in Groups I (except for F70-Series/N70) to VI and Digital SLRs cameras
The SB-800 is not correctly attached
The ready-light blinks when pressing
the shutter release button slightly in the to the camera.
TTL auto flash mode.
Cameras in Groups V and VI
The ready-light blinks when the power • The ISO sensitivity set on the camera
is higher than the available range of
is turned on in TTL auto flash mode.
the Speedlight.
• The ISO sensitivity set on the camera
is higher or lower than the available
range for the FA camera.
for
the FA camera.
Cameras in Group VI
The ready-light blinks in the TTL auto
flash mode.
FM3A, New FM2 cameras
The ready-light blinks.
Ref.
page
p. 22
—
p. 110
The shutter speed is set to M90, M250,
or B (bulb).
—
The shutter speed set is faster than the
flash sync speed.
New FM2, F55-Series/N55-Series cameras.
The ready-light blinks when the flash
The SB-800’s flash mode is set to TTL
mode is set to TTL auto flash.
auto flash.
p. 110
Note
The SB-800 incorporates a microcomputer to control flash operations. In rare cases, the
SB-800 may not work properly even after fresh batteries are properly installed. If this
happens, replace the batteries while the SB-800’s power is turned on.
Warning
• Batteries should not be exposed to excessive heat such as strong sunshine, a fire,
or the like.
• Dry batteries should never be recharged in a battery charger.
• Do not expose the SB-800 to water as this may result in an electric shock or cause
the unit to catch on fire.
118
About the LCD panel
■■■ Characteristics of the LCD panel
• Due to the directional characteristics of LCDs, the LCD display is difficult to read when
viewed from above. However, the display can be seen clearly from a somewhat lower
angle.
• The LCD display becomes darker at high temperatures (approx. 60°C/140°F), but
returns to normal at normal temperatures (20°C/68°F).
• The LCD’s response time slows down at low temperatures (approx. 5°C/41°F and
below), but returns to normal at normal temperatures (20°C/68°F).
■■■ Using the SB-800 in dim light
Press any button on the SB-800 to turn the illuminator on (when the SB-800
power is on), and it will remain lit for approx. 16 seconds.
• To cancel the LCD panel illumination, go to the Custom settings mode (p. 67) and
set it off.
• Even if the LCD panel illuminator is set to OFF, the SB-800’s LCD panel illuminator turns
on when the camera’s LCD panel illuminator is turned on. The LCD panel illuminator also
lights up when the Custom settings mode is displayed.
■■■ Adjusting the LCD panel brightness
1
Select “LCD” in the Custom settings mode, then
press the g button.
2
Press the c or d button to highlight the
desired brightness level.
• Available brightness levels are graphically
displayed in 9 steps on the LCD panel.
Reference information
The brightness of the LCD panel can be adjusted in the Custom settings mode
for easier reading (p. 67).
119
Specifications
Electronic
Automatic Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT)
construction
and series circuitry
Guide number (at 35mm 38/125 (ISO 100, m/ft), 53/174 (ISO 200, m/ft)
zoom-head position,
20°C/68°F)
Flash shooting distance 0.6m to 20m (2 to 66 ft.) (varies depending on the
range (TTL auto flash/
ISO sensitivity, zoom-head position, and lens aperture
Auto Aperture flash/
in use)
Non-TTL auto flash)
Flash exposure control
Indicator
D
Available flash mode
i-TTL mode
D
D-TTL mode
D
TTL (film based) mode
o (appears Balanced Fill-Flash
with D)
B
Auto Aperture flash
A
p
Non-TTL auto flash
Distance-priority
manual flash
Manual flash
Repeating flash
G
q
Usable camera
Cameras compatible with CLS, COOLPIX cameras
compatible with i-TTL
Digital SLRs not compatible with CLS
Cameras in Groups I to VI (film based cameras)
Cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible
with CLS, cameras in Groups I to IV (No o appears with
cameras in Groups III to IV)
Cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible
with CLS, cameras in Groups I to II and COOLPIX cameras
compatible with i-TTL
No limitation
Except D1X and D1H digital cameras
No limitation
Except COOLPIX cameras compatible with i-TTL
Other available functions Test firing, Monitor Preflashes, AF-assist
illuminator, and Modeling illuminator
120
Nikon
Creative
Lighting
System
A variety of flash operations are available with compatible
cameras: i-TTL mode, Advanced Wireless Lighting, FV Lock
flash, Flash color information communication, Auto FP
High-Speed sync, and Wide-area AF-Assist Illuminator
Multiple flash
operation
Available multiple flash
Advanced Wireless Lighting
SU-4 type wireless multiple flash
Multiple flash shooting using cords
Flash exposure
control set on
the camera
Slow-sync, Red-eye reduction, Red-eye reduction in
slow-sync, Rear-curtain sync flash, Auto FP High-Speed
sync, FV Lock flash
Usable camera
Cameras compatible with CLS
No limitation
No limitation
Angle of
coverage
Variable in 7 steps, plus three steps with wide-flash adapter
and Nikon Diffusion Dome
Zoom-head
position
Angle of coverage
14mm ∗1
14mm
Vertical
110°
Horizontal
120°
14mm ∗2
17mm ∗2
24mm
28mm
35mm
50mm
70mm
85mm
105mm
14mm
17mm
24mm
28mm
35mm
50mm
70mm
85mm
105mm
110°
100°
60°
53°
45°
34°
26°
23°
20°
120°
110°
78°
70°
60°
46°
36°
31°
27°
∗1 With
∗2 With
the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached
the built-in wide-flash adapter set
Flash head tilts down to –7° or up to 90° with click-stops at –7°,
0°, 45°, 60°, 75°, 90°; flash head rotates horizontally 180° to
the left or 90° to the right with click-stops at 0°, 30°, 60°,
90°, 120°, 150°, 180°
ON/OFF button n Press the b button for approx. 0.3 sec. to turn the
SB-800 on or off.
n Standby function can be set.
Power source/
min. recycling
time/no. of
flashes
(at M1/1 output)
Four (or five) AA-type penlight batteries (1.5V or lower) of any of these
types: Alkaline-manganese (1.5V), Lithium (1.5V), Nickel (1.5V),
NiCd (rechargeable, 1.2V), or Ni-MH (rechargeable, 1.2V)
Batteries
Number of Min. recycling Min. number of flashes/
batteries
time (approx.)* recycling time*
x4
6.0 sec.
130/6–30 sec.
Alkalinemanganese
x5
5.0 sec.
130/5–30 sec.
x4
Lithium
7.5 sec.
170/7.5–30 sec.
x5
7.5 sec.
190/7.5–30 sec.
6.0 sec.
140/6–30 sec.
x4
Nickel
x5
5.0 sec.
140/5–30 sec.
x4
4.0 sec.
90/4–30 sec.
NiCd (1000 mAh)
(rechargeable)
x5
3.5 sec.
90/3.5–30 sec.
x4
4.0 sec.
150/4–30 sec.
Ni-MH (2000 mA)
(rechargeable)
x5
2.9 sec.
150/2.9–30 sec.
* With fresh batteries.
n M1/1 output without use of AF-assist illuminator, zoom operation,
and LCD panel illuminator.
Reference information
Bounce
capability
121
Specifications
External power
sources
(optional)
Ready-light
Flash
duration
(approx.)
122
External power source
DC Unit SD-7
High-Performance Battery
Pack SD-8A
Power Bracket Unit
SK-6/SK-6A
Battery type
Six C-type alkaline-manganese
Six AA-type alkaline-manganese
Four AA-type alkaline-manganese
nLights up when the SB-800 is recycled and ready to fire.
nBlinks for 3 sec. when flash fires at its maximum output, indicating
light may have been insufficient (in TTL Auto Flash, Auto Aperture
B Flash and Non-TTL Auto Flash A operations)
1/1050 sec. at M1/1 (full) output
1/1100 sec. at M1/2 output
1/2700 sec. at M1/4 output
1/5900 sec. at M1/8 output
1/10900 sec. at M1/16 output
1/17800 sec. at M1/32 output
1/32300 sec. at M1/64 output
1/41600 sec. at M1/128 output
Mounting foot
lock lever
Provides secure attachment of SB-800 to camera’s accessory
shoe using locking plate and mount pin to prevent accidental
detachment.
Flash output
level
compensation
–3.0 to +3.0 EV in increments of 1/3 steps in the TTL auto
flash, Auto Aperture flash modes and Distance-priority
manual flash
Custom
settings
By pressing the g and ef, c or d buttons, the following
custom settings are possible: ISO sensitivity, Wireless flash
auto, Sound monitor in the wireless flash mode, Non-TTL auto
flash, Standby function, Selecting the distance unit (m, ft.),
Canceling power zoom function, Zoom-head position setting if
the built-in wide-flash adapter is broken off accidentally, LCD
panel illuminator, Brightness of the LCD panel, AF-assist
illuminator, and canceling flash firing.
Other
functions
Built-in wideflash adapter
Dimensions
(W x H x D)
Recalling the underexposure value in the TTL auto flash mode,
Resetting the settings, Button lock
Allows SB-800 to be used with 14mm or 17mm lens
Approx. 70.5 x 129.5 x 93.0mm (2.8 x 5.1 x 3.7 in.)
Weight
(without batteries)
Accessories
supplied
Approx. 350g (12.3 oz.)
Quick Recycling Battery Pack SD-800, Speedlight Stand
AS-19, Colored Gel Filter Set SJ-800, Nikon Diffusion Dome
SW-10H, External power source terminal cap,
Soft Case SS-800
Reference information
These performance specifications are applicable when fresh batteries are used at normal
temperatures (20 °C/68 °F).
Specifications and design are subject to change without notice.
123
Index
• Refer to the Speedlight parts and their functions (p. 10) and Icons on the LCD panel
(p. 13) for each part name and display indications.
Symbol
e/f button.............................................12
i-TTL mode ...............................................36
A
AF-ILL.......................................................62
AF-ILL ONLY.............................................62
Accessories............................................111
Advanced Wireless Lighting ....................76
Aperture-priority auto exposure (A) .........29
Auto Aperture flash ..................................38
Auto FP High-Speed sync........................60
Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash .................37
B
Batteries ...........................................18, 115
Beyond the flash shooting distance
range warning......................................45
Bounce flash operation ............................98
Built-in wide-flash adapter .....................104
Button lock ...............................................12
C
CLS.............................................................5
COOLPIX ..................................................34
CPU Nikkor lenses ...................................16
Camera groups ..........................................8
Canceling flash firing ...............................67
Channel ....................................................78
Close-up flash operation ........................102
Colored gel filters .....................................96
Communication channel ..........................77
Compatible with CLS .................................8
Continuous flash shooting........................51
Control button quick reference ................12
Control buttons.........................................12
Custom functions .....................................67
124
D
D-TTL mode .............................................36
D-type Nikkor lenses ................................16
Default settings ..........................................6
Digital SLRs not compatible with CLS .......8
Distance-priority manual flash .................44
Dotted line below the underbar ...............23
E
Exposure compensation ..........................54
Exposure mode ........................................28
External power source ...........................113
F
FLASH button ...........................................12
FV Lock flash............................................61
Flash Color Information
Communication ......................................5
Flash head..............................................100
Flash head tilting/rotating lock
release button ......................................22
Flash modes.............................................35
Flash output level ...............................42, 48
Flash output level
compensation value.............................56
Flash shooting distance range.................31
Flash sync mode ......................................32
Frequency ................................................48
Front-curtain sync ....................................32
G
G-type Nikkor lenses................................16
Group .........................................................8
Guide number ..........................................42
H
Highlighted items .....................................15
L
LCD panel illuminator.............................119
LCD panel ..............................................119
M
MASTER .............................................15, 72
MODE button............................................30
Manual exposure (M) mode.....................29
Manual flash .............................................46
Manual mode ...........................................42
Master flash unit .......................................72
Metering system.......................................28
Minimum recycling time ...........................19
Modeling illuminator .................................66
Monitor Preflashes....................................36
Mounting foot lock lever...........................22
Multi Selector............................................12
Multiple flash operation ............................72
Multiple flash shooting using cords .........90
N
NO AF-ILL ................................................62
Nikon Creative Lighting System.................5
Nikon Diffusion Dome.............................101
Non-CPU lenses.......................................16
Non-TTL auto flash...................................40
Non-TTL auto flash mode.........................38
Number of flashes..............................19, 48
O
ON/OFF button .........................................12
P
Power zoom function................................26
Programmed auto (P)...............................28
Q
Quick Recycling Battery Pack .................64
R
REMOTE ...................................................72
Ready-light .........................................20, 33
Rear-curtain sync .....................................59
Red-eye reduction control........................58
Red-eye reduction with slow-sync
flash .....................................................58
Remote flash unit .....................................72
Repeating flash ........................................48
Reset ........................................................12
S
SU-4 type wireless multiple flash
shooting ...............................................84
Selecting the distance unit (m or ft.)........70
Shutter-priority auto exposure (S) ............29
Slow-sync flash mode ..............................58
Soft Case....................................................6
Sound monitor ..........................................89
Speedlight Stand......................................75
Speedlight parts and their functions........10
Standard TTL flash ...................................37
Standby function ......................................21
Supplied accessories.................................6
T
TTL mode .................................................37
Test firing ..................................................20
U
Underexposure value in the TTL
auto flash mode ...................................33
Using the built-in bounce card ..............101
Reference information
I
ISO sensitivity...........................................24
ISO sensitivity factors...............................43
Icons.........................................................13
W
Wide-Area AF-Assist Illuminator ..........5, 62
Wireless flash mode .................................69
Wireless master flash unit ........................72
Wireless multiple flash shooting...............72
Wireless remote flash ...............................72
Z
Zoom-head position .................................26
125
Download PDF
Similar pages