H60.0.01.6C-17
Operating Manual
Resistive Material Moisture
Measuring Instrument
GMH 3810
ab Version 2.2



Please carefully read these
instructions before use!
Please consider the safety instructions!
Please keep for future reference!
WEEE-Reg.-Nr. DE 93889386
GHM Messtechnik GmbH - Standort Greisinger
Hans-Sachs-Str. 26 - 93128 Regenstauf GERMANY
 +49 9402 / 9383-0  +49 9402 / 9383-33  info@greisinger.de
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Index
1
2
GENERAL ADVICE.................................................................................................................................................. 3
SAFETY ...................................................................................................................................................................... 3
2.1 INTENDED USE ....................................................................................................................................................... 3
2.2 SAFETY SIGNS AND SYMBOLS ................................................................................................................................ 3
2.3 SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS .......................................................................................................................................... 3
3 PRODUCT DESCRIPTION...................................................................................................................................... 4
3.1 SCOPE OF SUPPLY .................................................................................................................................................. 4
3.2 OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE ........................................................................................................................... 4
3.3 DISPLAY ELEMENTS ............................................................................................................................................... 4
3.4 KEYPAD ................................................................................................................................................................. 5
4 DEVICE CONFIGURATION ................................................................................................................................... 5
5 SOME BASICS OF PRECISION MATERIAL MOISTURE MEASURING ...................................................... 6
5.1 MEASURING METHOD ............................................................................................................................................ 6
5.2 MOISTURE CONTENT U AND WET-BASIS MOISTURE CONTENT W ........................................................................... 6
5.3 SPECIAL FEATURES OF THE DEVICE ....................................................................................................................... 6
5.4 AUTO-HOLD FUNCTION ......................................................................................................................................... 6
5.5 AUTOMATIC TEMPERATURE-COMPENSATION ('ATC') ........................................................................................... 6
5.6 MEASURING IN WOOD: MEASURING WITH TWO MEASURING-PIKES ..................................................................... 7
5.7 MEASURING OTHER MATERIALS............................................................................................................................ 7
5.7.1
‘Hard‘ Materials (concrete or similar): Measuring with brush-type probes (GBSL91 or GBSK91) .............. 7
5.7.2
‘Soft‘ Materials (polystyrene or similar): Measuring with measuring-pikes or -pins (GMS 300/91) ............ 7
5.7.3
Measuring bulk cargo, bales and other special measures ............................................................................. 7
5.8 MEASURING OF MATERIALS, HAVING NO CHARACTERISTIC CURVES STORED ...................................................... 8
6 HINTS FOR THE SPECIAL FUNCTION .............................................................................................................. 8
6.1 MOISTURE ESTIMATION ('WET' - 'MEDIUM' - 'DRY') ...................................................................................... 8
6.2 PRE-SELECTION OF FAVOURITE MATERIALS ('SORT') ............................................................................................ 8
7 FAULT AND SYSTEM MESSAGES ....................................................................................................................... 9
8 INSPECTION OF THE ACCURACY / ADJUSTMENT SERVICES .................................................................. 9
9 RESHIPMENT AND DISPOSAL............................................................................................................................. 9
10
SPECIFICATION ................................................................................................................................................. 10
11
APPENDIX A: SORTS OF WOOD .................................................................................................................... 11
12
APPENDIX B: ADDITIONAL MATERIALS ................................................................................................... 16
12.1
MEASURING OF BUILDING MATERIALS ............................................................................................................ 16
12.2
ESTIMATION OF ADDITIONAL MATERIALS ....................................................................................................... 16
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1 General advice
Read through this document attentively and make yourself familiar to the operation of the device before you
use it. Keep this document in a ready-to-hand way in order to be able to look up in the case of doubt.
2 Safety
2.1
Intended use
The device is suitable for the measurement of moisture content and temperature.
The measurement is performed by drawing the 2 screwed needles on the face side of the device into the
material to be measured.
Personnel which starts up, operates and maintains the device has to have sufficient knowledge of the
measuring procedure and the meaning of the resulting measured values, this manual delivers a valuable
help for this. The instructions of the manual have to be understood, regarded and followed.
To be sure that there´s no risk arising due to misinterpretation of measured values, the operator must have
further knowledge in case of doubt - the user is liable for any harm/damage resulting from misinterpretation
due to insufficient knowledge.
The manufacturer will assume no liability or warranty in case of usage for other purpose than the intended
one, ignoring this manual, operating by unqualified staff as well as unauthorized modifications to the device.
2.2
Safety signs and symbols
Warning notices are marked in this manual as shown below:
Caution! This symbol warns of imminent danger, death, serious injuries and significant
damage to property at non-observance.
Attention! This symbol warns of possible dangers or dangerous situations which can
provoke damage to the device or environment at non-observance.
Note! This symbol point out processes which can indirectly influence operation, possibly
cause incorrect measurement or provoke unforeseen reactions at non-observance.
2.3
Safety instructions
This device has been designed and tested in accordance to the safety regulations for electronic devices.
However, its trouble-free operation and reliability cannot be guaranteed unless the standard safety measures
and special safety advises given in this manual will be adhered to when using it.
1.
Trouble-free operation and reliability of the device can only be guaranteed if it is not subjected to any
other climatic conditions than those stated under “Specification”.
Transporting the device from a cold to a warm environment condensation may result in a failure of the
function. In such a case make sure the device temperature has adjusted to the ambient temperature
before trying a new start-up.
2.
Whenever there may be a risk whatsoever involved in running it, the device has to be
switched off immediately and to be marked accordingly to avoid re-starting. Operator
safety may be a risk if:
- there is visible damage to the device
- the device is not working as specified
- the device has been stored under unsuitable conditions for a longer time
In case of doubt, please return device to manufacturer for repair or maintenance.
3.
Do not use this product as safety or emergency stop device or in any other application
where failure of the product could result in personal injury or material damage.
Failure to comply with these instructions could result in death or serious injury and
material damage.
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4.
This device must not be used at potentially explosive areas! The usage of this device
at potentially explosive areas increases danger of deflagration, explosion or fire due to
sparking.
5.
Risk of injury due to sharp measuring needles! Please protect needles while not used
with suitable means of protection, like the protection caps of the scope of supply.
3 Product description
3.1
Scope of supply
Handheld instrument incl. 9V battery
Operating manual
2 protection caps
3.2
1.
Operating and maintenance
Battery Operation
The battery has been used up and needs to be replaced, if ´bAt´ is shown in lower display. The device
will, however, continue operating correctly for a certain time.
The battery has been completely used up, if ´bAt´ is shown in the upper display.
2.
The battery has to be removed, when storing device above 50°C.
We recommend to remove the battery if device is not used for a longer period of time!
Risk of leakage!
3.
Treat device and probes carefully. Use only in accordance with above specification. (do not throw, hit
against etc.). Protect plugs and sockets from soiling.
4.
Cable break or no connected / too dry / highly insulating material:
There may be still corresponding %-values displayed.
- This shall not constitute a valid test result!
5.
Maintenance: The device does not contain serviceable parts inside.
Regular inspection of contacts and cable is suggested, the precision of the measuring chain can be
checked with the optional testing adapter GPAD 38
The measuring needles have to be fixed very well e.g. by means of pliers. Loose needles can disturb the
measuring.
3.3
Display elements
1:
Main display: Currently measured material moisture
[percent moisture content]
HLD: Measure value is ‘frozen‘ (key 6)
2: Auxiliary display: Currently selected material (temperature
when pressing key 3) Blinking display: Displayed value is out of
specified range (wood 8..40 % u)
Special display elements:
3: Moisture evaluation: Evaluation of the material condition: via
top arrows: DRY - MEDIUM - WET
4: Warning triangle: Indicates low battery
5: “%u” or “%w”:Displays unit: moisture content u or wet basis
moisture content w
All remaining arrows have no function in this version.
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3.4
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Keypad
2 and 5:
1:
On/Off key
3:
During measurement: shortly displaying temperature
or changing to temperature input.
4:
Set/Menu: press (Menu) for 2 s: configuration will
activated
During measurement: select a material
p.r.t.: 6.2 Pre-selection of favourite materials ('Sort')
List of selectable materials:
Appendix A; Appendix B
With manual temperature compensation:
When displaying temperature (call via button ‚Temp‘): Input of temperature
up/down for configuration:
to enter values or change settings
During measurement:
- with Auto-Hold off: Hold current measuring value ('HLD' in display)
- with Auto-Hold on: Start a new measure, which is ready when 'HLD' appears in
the display. refer to chapter 5.4 Auto-Hold function
Set/Menu or temperature input:
confirming of selected input, return to measure
6:
4 Device configuration
For configuration of the device press "Menu"-key (key 4) for 2 seconds, the first menu will be shown.
Choose between the individual values that can be set by pressing the "Menu"-key (key 4) again.
The individual values are changed by pressing the keys "" (key 2) or "" (key 5).
Use key "Store/" (key 6) to leave configuration and to store settings.
Parameter
Values
Meaning
p.r.t.

or
Limitation of the material selection
oFF
Unrestricted material selection via key 2 and 5
1...8:
Material selection in-between 1 up to 8 selectable materials
6.2
selectable materials (not available if Sort = off)
Select the desired material that should be available during the measure
...
via key 2 and 5.
Generic settings
Arrow bottom left Moisture display = moisture content [%u]
points to “%u”
Arrow bottom left Moisture display = wet-basis moisture content [%u]
points to “%w”
°C
All temperature values are in degrees Celsius
°F
All temperature values are in degrees Fahrenheit
oFF
on
oFF
on
1...120
oFF
5.4
Atc off: temperature input for compensation via keys
Atc on: temperature compensation via internally measured temperature
5.4
Auto HLD off: continuous measuring.
Auto-HLD on: when reaching a stable measuring result, this will be
frozen with-HLD. When pressing the store-key a new measure will be
initiated.
Power-off delay in minutes.
Device will be automatically switched off as soon as this time has
elapsed if no key is pressed takes place
Power-off function inactive (continuous operation, e.g. mains operation)
The settings will be set to the settings ex works, if keys ‘Set‘ and ‘Store‘ are pressed
simultaneously for more than 2 seconds.
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5 Some basics of precision material moisture measuring
5.1
Measuring method
The electrical resistance depends on the material moisture in many cases. Therefore the device measures
the (possibly extremely high) values of resistance and converts them to the displayed value by means of
integrated characteristic curves. The temperature has to be compensated especially at the measurement of
wood –please refer to chapter 5.5.
The contact is realised by nails that are driven into the material or by injection probes. With optional adapter
GMK 3810 other external electrodes can be connected.
Frozen material cannot be measured!
5.2
Moisture content u and wet-basis moisture content w
Depending on the Application one of the two units is necessary.
Carpenters, joiners and the like commonly use the moisture content u (sometimes referred to as MC).
When evaluating firewood, wood chips etc., the wet basis moisture content w is needed.
The instrument can be configured to both of the values. Please refer to chapter “configuration“.
Moisture content u or MC (relative to dry weight) = dry basis moisture content (mind the arrow at left
bottom!)
The unit is %, sometimes used: % MC.
The unit expresses the moisture content like calculated below:
Moisture content u [%] = (weightwet - weightdry) / weightdry *100
Or:
Moisture content u [%] = (weightwater) / (weightdry) *100
weightwet:
weight of the wet material
weightwater:
weight of water in the wet material
weightdry:
oven-dry weight of material
Example:
1kg of wet wood, which contains 500g of water has a moisture content u of 100%
Wet-Basis Moisture Content w (relative to total weight, mind the arrow at left bottom!)
The wet-basis moisture content expresses the ratio of the mass of water to the total mass of the substance. The
ratio is represented by the following equation (the unit is % as well):
wet-basis moisture w[%] = (weightwet - weightdry) / weightwet *100
Or:
wet-basis moisture w[%] = (weightwater) / weightwet *100
Example:
1kg of wet wood, which contains 500g of water has a moisture content u of 50%
5.3
Special features of the device
466 wood specimens and 28 building materials are stored directly in the memory of the device:
Thus more exact measurements could be reached than with common devices with group selections would ever
reach. Even the usage of complex conversion tables for building materials won’t be necessary any more!
Example: Common wood-moisture-measuring-devices use one single group for spruce and oak, in reality the
deviation of these characteristic curves is more than 3%! (Base for this statement are complex statistical surveys,
considered measuring range 7-25%). This random error will not occur for the whole GMH38xx series, with the
help of individual characteristic curves highest resolution is achieved.
Extreme wide measuring range: 0-100% (depending on characteristic curve) percent moisture content in wood.
Moisture estimation: Additionally to the measuring value, an individual moisture estimation will be displayed
simultaneously.
5.4
Auto-Hold function
Particularly when measuring dry wood, electrostatic charges and other similar noise could dither the measuring
value. With activated auto-hold function the device will acquire an exact measuring value automatically. During
that, the device could be put down to avoid noise through discharge of the clothing etc. After having acquired the
measuring value, the display will change to ‘HLD’: The value will be frozen as long as a new measuring is initiated
by pressing button 6 (store).
5.5
Automatic temperature-compensation ('Atc')
An exact temperature compensation is important for a reliable wood-moisture-measuring. These devices
feature a integrated temperature measuring and a manual input of the temperature.
The used temperature value therefore is:
Menu
Used temperature-value
Atc on
Device-internal temperature-measuring
Atc off
Manual input of temperature: shortly press Temp-Button then use  (button 2) or 
(button 5) to input the temperature confirm selection with ‘Store‘(button 6)
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5.6
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Measuring in wood: Measuring with two measuring-pikes
For measuring wood, punch in the measuring-pikes across to the wood-grain, having a good contact between the pikes
and the wood (measuring along wood-grain deviates minimal).
DO NOT HIT ONTO THE DEVICE OR PUNCH THE NEEDLES IN WITH FORCE!
The device may be damaged.
Select correct wood-sort (see Appendix A).
Ensure measuring the correct temperature (see chapter 5.5).
Now read the measuring-value or when having activated the auto-hold-function initiate a new measuring by pressing
Store/ (button 6) .
The measured resistance will be extremely high when measuring dry wood (<15%) thus the measuring will need more
time to achieve its terminal value among other things static discharge could momentarily falsify the measuring.
Therefore beware of static discharge and wait long enough until a stable measuring value is displayed (unstable: “%“
blinking) or use the auto-hold-function (see chapter 5.4 Auto-Hold function).
Extreme accurate measures can be carried out within the range of 6 to 30%.
Beyond this range the acquirable accuracy will lessen, but the device will deliver reference values still sufficient for the
practitioner.
It is measured between the measuring-pikes insulated among each other. Requirements for an exact measurement:
- choose correct place to measure: place should be free of irregularities like resin–clusters, knurls, rifts, etc.
- choose correct measure depth: Recommendation: for trimmed timber: press in the pikes up to 1/3 of the material
thickness.
- Perform multiple measurements: the more measurements will be averaged, the more exact the result will be.
- Pay attention to temperature-compensation: let the device adapt to the temperature of the wood (Atc on) or enter
the exact temperature manually (Atc off).
Frequent sources of errors:
- Attention with oven-dried wood: the moisture dispersion may be irregular, often in the core is more moisture than on
the edge.
- Surface-moisture: The wood-edge could be more humid than the core if the wood had been stored outside and e.g.
was in rain.
- Wood preservative and other treatment could falsify the measuring.
- Fouling at the connections and round the pikes could result in erroneous measurement, especially with dry wood.
5.7
Measuring other materials
‘Hard‘ materials (concrete or similar): Measuring with brush-type probes (GBSL91 or GBSK91)
Drill two holes with Ø6mm (GBSK91) or Ø 8mm (GBSL91) at intervals of 8
to 10cm into the material to be measured. Do not use edgeless drills: the
resulting heat will evaporate the moisture which will result in faulty
measures. Wait for at least 10min, blow out the holes to clean them from
dust. Apply conductivity compound on the brush-type probes and stick
them into the holes. Choose correct material (see Appendix B: Additional
materials), read the measuring value. Observe that the holes dry out byand-by, and the device will measure a value too low, if you want to use
them several times.
This effect can be compensated by using conductivity compound: insert
profuse conductivity compound between the holes and the brush-type
probe, and let the electrode stick in the hole for about 30min before
measuring (with the device switched off ). Temperature-compensation
plays no role when using the building material measuring.
Measuring with brush probe GBSL91
5.7.1
5.7.2
‘Soft‘ Materials (polystyrene or similar): Measuring with measuring-pikes or -pins (GMS 300/91)
The most important thing is a good contact between the materials and the measuring needles. Whenever this is not
possible because of the material texture, we suggest you to use the adapter cable GMK3810 with appropriate
electrodes, such as impact electrode GSE91 or GSG91, reciprocating piston electrode GHE91.
Unscrew the needle holder and mount the adapters for the banana jacks. The red jack has to be connected to the righthand socket, this decreases susceptibility of electromagnetic interference.
Procedure as described in chapter measuring in wood.
5.7.3
Measuring bulk cargo, bales and other special measures
Usable probes: measuring pins GMS 300/91 mounted on GSE91 or GSG91 with adapter cable GMK 3810 (red
connector to the right-hand socket).
Measuring of splints, wood chips, insulating material and similar:
When using measuring pins oscillating movements have to be avoided when pushing in the probes. Otherwise hollows
between the probes and the material may falsify the measuring. The material should be sufficiently compressed. When
in doubt repeat the measuring a few times: the highest measuring value is the most exact one.
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5.8
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Measuring of materials, having no characteristic curves stored
Choose the representative universal material group “h.A“, “h.b“, “h.c“ and “h.d“(for example corresponding to
A,B,C and D of the GHH91) if a conversion table exists.
Attention: The moisture evaluation wet/dry of these material groups is only valid for wood!
Please keep in mind the following when using the temperature-compensation:
Automatic temperature-compensation should always be activated when measuring wood (Act on), with all
other materials the automatic temperature-compensation should be switched off (Act off) and a manual
temperature of 20°C should be entered.
Additionally at GMH3851: The GMH3851 can store up to 4 additional user characteristic curves. For this
the corresponding reference point measurements for the respective material has to be carried out, from
which the exact moisture content has to be dedicated with the Darr-Probe or the CM-Method. The Results
can be stored in the device with the help of the GMHKonfig-Software, and can be accessed by the device
directly.
6 Hints for the special function
6.1
Moisture estimation ('WET' - 'MEDIUM' - 'DRY')
Additionally to the measuring value, an individual moisture estimation will be displayed simultaneously. This
moisture estimation is only a guidance value, the final evaluation is depending on the application of the
material e.g:
Cement floor pavement ZE, ZFE without additives:
Readiness without floor heating at 2,3% with floor heating 1,5%
Anhydrit floor pavement AE, AFE:
Readiness without floor heating at 0,5% with floor heating 0,3%
Also firewood may be already usable while instrument still displays ‘wet’!
Corresponding Standards and Instructions must be observed!
The Device can only complement the skill of a tradesman or investigator but cannot replace it!
6.2
Pre-selection of favourite materials ('Sort')
A pre-selection of different materials (up to 8) can be selected from the menu for an effective working with
the device. For example you can set the Menu Sort to 4 and save the desired materials in Sor.1, Sor.2, Sor.3
and Sor.4 if you only measure 4 different materials. Please refer to chapter Device configuration.
Only the 4 desired materials can be selected via the buttons up and down, when exiting the menu, a
changing during the measurement can be done comfortably. All materials will be available when setting Sort
to off. Sor.1 to Sor.4 will still be available in the ‘background’, when setting the menu Sort to 4 the limited
selection of the 4 entered materials will be active again. You only want to measure one material: set the
menu Sort to 1 you cannot change to another material, thus a faulty operation is impossible.
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7 Fault and system messages
Display
Meaning
Remedy
Blinking curve display: Displayed value is out of
specified range (Wood: 8..40%u)
Limited measuring precision!
The display value is only usable as
indication, not as measurement!
low battery voltage, device will continue to work for a
short time
If mains operation: wrong voltage
replace battery
low battery voltage
If mains operation: wrong voltage
No display
or
weird display
low battery voltage
If mains operation: wrong voltage
system error
Device does not
react on keypress device defective
---Sensor error: no material connected (meas. Value
below permissible range), no valid signal
charge at the probe, device will discharge (resp. at dry
wood)
Sensor broken or device defective
Err.1
Value exceeding measuring range
Wrong probe connected
Probe or device defective
Non-floating probe near the unshielded electrode
Err.2
Value below display range
Err.7
Wrong probe connected
Probe, cable or device defective
system error
replace power supply, if fault continues to
exist: device damaged
replace battery
Check/replace power supply, if fault
continues to exist: device damaged
replace battery
Check/replace power supply, if fault
continues to exist: device damaged
Disconnect battery or power supply, wait
some time, re-connect
return to manufacturer for repair
Connect meas. material
Wait until probe has discharged
return to manufacturer for repair
Check: Is the value exceeding the
measuring range specified? >temperature too high!
Check probe
return to manufacturer for repair
Insulate probe or measure at shielded
electrode
Check: Is the value below the measuring
range specified? -> temperature too low!
Check probe
return to manufacturer for repair
return to manufacturer for repair
8 Inspection of the accuracy / Adjustment services
Accuracy can be inspected with the optional available testing adapter GPAD 38 (e.g. every year).
To check precision select material characteristic curve “.rEF”, choose as moisture display “%u“ and connect
the testing adapter to the needles. The device must display the printed value for the GMH 38xx
If the precision is no more corresponding to the imprint of the GPAD 38, we suggest to send the device to the
manufacturer for a new adjustment.
9 Reshipment and disposal
All devices returned to the manufacturer have to be free of any residual of measuring
media and other hazardous substances.
Measuring residuals at housing or sensor may be a risk for persons or environment
Use an adequate transport package for reshipment, especially for fully functional
devices. Please make sure that the device is protected in the package by enough
packing materials.
Add the completed reshipment form of the GHM website
http://www.ghm-messtechnik.de/downloads/ghm-formulare.html.
Dispense exhausted batteries at destined gathering places.
The device must not be disposed in the unsorted municipal waste! Send the device
directly to us (sufficiently stamped), considering the above if it should be disposed.
We will dispose the device appropriate and environmentally sound.
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10 Specification
Measuring
Principle
Channel 1
Resistive material-moisture-measuring
Channel 2
internal temperature-measuring
via integrated needles
Char. curve
Meas. range
Spec. meas. range
Resolution
Evaluation
Accuracy device
without probe
overall accuracy
Temperature drift
matching DIN EN 13183-2: 2002
466 different kinds of wood
28 different building materials
0,0...100,0 % u moisture content
int. temp.-Meas: -30,0...+75,0 °C / -22,0...+167,0 °F
(depending on characteristic curve)
equal to approx. 3kOhm ... 2TerraOhm
Wood: 8 … 40 % u
0,1 % moisture content
0,1 °C / 0,1 °F
Evaluation of the material condition in
9 steps from DRY to WET
±1Digit (at nominal-temperature)
Wood: ±0,2 % moisture content
int. t.-measuring: ± 0,3 °C (is type K reference
(deviation from characteristic curve,
junction)
range 8..40 % u)
building mat.: ±0,2 % moisture content
(dev. from char. curve, range depending
on char. curve)
depending on used measuring equipment, measured material and the correct execution.
< 0,005 % moisture content per 1 K
0,005 % per 1 K
Nominal temperature
Ambient condition
25°C
Temperature -25 ... +50 °C / -13 ... +122 °F (frozen material cannot be measured)
Relative humidity 0 ... 95 %RH (non condensing)
Storage temperature -25 ... +70 °C / -13 ... +158 °F
Power supply
Power consumption
9V-Battery (included)
approx. 2.3 mA
Display
Two 4 digits LCD’s (12.4 mm high and 7 mm high) for material moisture temperature or
characteristic curve, hold function, etc. as well as additional pointing arrows.
Pushbuttons
6 membrane keys for on/off switch, menu operation, characteristic curve, hold-function etc.
Housing
Dimension: 142 x 71 x 26 mm (L x B x D)
impact resistant ABS, membrane keyboard, transparent panel, integrated pop-up-clip for table
top or suspended use
Weight
approx. 175 g
Hold function
Press button to store current value.
Automatic-Off-Function Device will be automatically switched off if no key is pressed/no interface communication
takes place for the time of the power-off delay. The power-off delay can be set to values
between 1 and 120 min.; it can be completely deactivated.
Directives / standards: The instruments confirm to following European Directives:
2014/30/EU
EMC Directive
2011/65/EU
RoHS
Applied harmonized standards:
EN 61326-1 : 2013
emissions level: class B
emi immunity according to A.1
Additional fault: <1 %
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11 Appendix A: Sorts of wood
Select kind of wood you want to measure, enter number on the device, e.g. birch = h. 60
Identification
Number Comment
Group A
h. A
Wood-group A (equal to GHH91 selector “A”)
Group B
h. B
Wood-group B (equal to GHH91 selector “B”)
Group C
h. C
Wood-group C (equal to GHH91 selector “C”)
Group D
h. D
Wood-group D (equal to GHH91 selector “D”)
AS/NZS 1080.1
h. AS
Australian reference characteristic curve
Group
h.401
Hardwood-Group
Birch Oak Ash Beech
Group Spruce-Pine-Fir
h.402
Softwood-Group
GMH 38 reference
.rEF
Internal reference for determining additional characteristic
curves / calculation tables (without temperaturecompensation)
Abura
Afrormosia
Afzelia
Agba
Albizia / Iatandza, New
Guinea
Albizia / Iatandza, Solomon
Island
Alder, Blush
Alder, Brown
Alder, Common
Alder, Rose
Alerce
Amberoi
Amoora, New Guinea
Andiroba
Antiaris, New Guinea
Apple, Black
Ash Silvertop
Ash, American
Ash, Bennet's
Ash, Crow's
Ash, European
Ash, Hickory
Ash, Japanese
Ash, Red
Ash, Scaly
Ash, Silver (Northern)
Ash, Silver (Queensland)
Ash, Silver (Southern)
Ash, Silver, New Guinea
Aspen, Hard
Ayan
Balau
Balau, red
Balsa
Basralocus / Angelique
Basswood
Basswood, Fijian
Basswood, Malaysian
Basswood, New Guinea
Hallea ciliata
Pericopsis elata
Afzelia spp.
Gossweilerodendron
balsamiferum
h.2
h.3
h.4
6..55%
Basswood, Silver
Basswood, Solomon Island
8..47%
Bean, Black
7..60%
h.426 6..82%
Albizia falcatara
h.8
5..100%
Albizia falcatara
h.9
4..93%
beech, damped
beech, european Beech, Myrtle
Solanea australis
h.10
Caldcluvia paniculosa h.11
Alnus glutinosa
Caldcluvia
australiensis
Fitzroya cupressoides
Pterocymbium
beccarii
Amoora cucullata
Carapa guianensis
Antiaris toxicaria
Planachonella
australis
Eucalyptus sieberi
Fraxinus americana
Flindersia bennettiana
h.131 2..100%
h.12
6..91%
h.13
7..77%
h.14
5..85%
h.15
h.16
h.7
3..100%
h.17
7..78%
h.27
h.132
h.18
Flindersia australis
h.19
Fraxinus excelsior
h.133
Flindersia ifflaiana
h.20
Fraxinus mandshurica h.134
Flindersia excelsa
h.21
Ganophyllum falcatum h.22
Flindersia schottina
h.23
Flindersia bourjotiana h.24
Flindersia schottina
h.25
Flindersia
amboinensis
Acronychia laevis
Distemonanthus
benthamianus
Shorea laevis
5..73%
6..100%
2..100%
5..100%
6..99%
7..88%
7..69%
6..92%
4..100%
5..86%
5..100%
7..89%
6..100%
7..100%
h.26
5..100%
h.28
5..84%
h.285 7..67%
h.31
Shorea guiso
h.32
Ochroma pyramidale h.33
Dicorynia guianensis h.34
Tilia americana
h.228
Endospermum
macrophyllum
Endospermum
malacense
Endospermum
medullosum
5..82%
7..89%
4..65%
4..88%
4..100%
6..67%
4..100%
h.35
4..79%
h.36
5..100%
h.37
5..98%
Beech, New Zeeland Red
(hearted untreated)
Beech, New Zeeland Red
(sapwood boron)
Beech, New Zeeland Red
(sapwood untreated)
Beech, Silky
Beech, Silver
Beech, Silver (sapwood
tanalith)
Beech, Silver (sapwood
untreated)
Beech, Wau
Beech, White (Fiji)
Beech, White (Queensland)
Bintangor / Calophyllum,
Fijian
Bintangor / Calophyllum,
Malaysian
Bintangor / Calophyllum,
New Guinea
Bintangor / Calophyllum,
Phillipines
Bintangor / Calophyllum,
Solomon Islands
Binuang
Birch, American
Birch, European
Birch, White
Bishop Wood (Fiji)
Blackbutt
Blackbutt, Western Australia
Blackwood
Bloodwood, Red
Bollywood
Bossime
Box Grey
Box Grey Coast
Box, Black
Box, Brush (Location
Unknown)
Range
0..100%
1..100%
2..100%
3..100%
4..100%
6..100%
6..100%
h.38
h.39
7..93%
h.40
6..100%
h.87
h.86
6..68%
h.41
6..98%
Nothofagus fusca
h.42
7..100%
Nothofagus fusca
h.43
2..100%
Nothofagus fusca
h.44
5..100%
Polyscias elegans
Polyscias elegans
Castanosperum
australe
Fagus sylvatica
Fagus sylvatica
Nothofagus
cunninghamii
4..83%
5..100%
h.45
Nothofagus menziesii h.46
8..85%
Nothofagus menziesii h.47
6..99%
Nothofagus menziesii h.48
4..100%
7..100%
Gmelina leichardtii
h.49
h.50
h.51
Callophyllum
leucocarpum
h.53
5..100%
Calophyllum curtisii
h.54
6..99%
h.55
4..100%
h.56
6..100%
Calophyllum kajewskii h.57
6..100%
Citronella moorei
Elmerrilla papuana
Gmelina vitiensis
Calophyllum
papuanum
Calophyllum
inophyllum
8..73%
5..100%
6..100%
Octomeles sumatrana h.130 5..95%
h.59
h.60
Schizomeria ovata
h.58
Bischofia javanica
h.61
Eucalyptus pilularis
h.62
Eucalyptus patens
h.63
Acacia melanoxylon h.64
Corymbia gunmifera h.66
Litsea reticulata
h.67
Drypetes spp,
h.70
Eucalyptus moluccana h.75
Eucalyptus bosistoana h.76
Eucalyptus lafgiflorens h.71
Betula lutea
7..94%
Betula pubescens
5..100%
Lophostemon
confertus
h.74
7..97%
5..94%
4..100%
6..100%
6..97%
7..100%
5..100%
7..78%
8..94%
7..98%
5..100%
5..63%
H60.0.01.6C-17
Operating Manual GMH 3810
_____________________________________________________
Lophostemon
confertus
Lophostemon
Box, Brush (Queensland
confertus
Tristania laurina
Box, Kanuka
Xanthophyllum
Boxwood, New Guinea
papuanum
Planchonella
Boxwood, Yellow
pholmaniana
Brachychiton
Brachychiton
carrthersii
Bridelia minutiflora
Bridelia
Acacia harpohylla
Brigalow
Eucalyptus fastigata
Brownbarrel
Guibourtia demeusii
Bubinga
Buchanania
Buchanania
arborescens
Burckella obovata
Burckella, Solomon Island
Blepharocarya
Butternut, Rose
involucrigera
Camphorwood, New Guinea Cinnamomum spp,
Campnosperma
Campnosperma (Malaysia) curtisii
Campnosperma (Solomon
Campnosperma
kajewskii
Island)
Box, Brush (N.S.W.)
Cananga (Phillipines)
Canarium Solomon Island
Canarium, African
Canarium, Fijian
Canarium, New Guinea
Candlenut
Carabeen, Yellow
Cathormion, New Guinea
Cedar , Amercan
Cedar, incense
Cedar, White
Cedar, Yellow
Celtis, New Guinea
Celtis, Solomon Island
Cheesewood, White
(Queensland) /Asian
Alstonia
Chengal (Malaysia)
Cherry, American
Cherry, European
Cleistocalyx
Coachwood
Coondoo, Blush
Cordia, New Guinea
Corkwood, Grey
Courbaril
Cudgerie, Brown
Cupiuba
Curupixá
Cypress
Cypress, Northern
Cypress, Rottnest Island
Cypress, White
Dakua, Salusalu (Fiji)
Dibetou/African walnut
Dillenia (Solomon Island)
Doi (Fiji)
Duabanga, New Guinea
h.72
4..68%
h.73
7..52%
h.77
6..100%
h.78
5..88%
h.79
7..78%
h.80
5..67%
h.81
h.82
h.83
h.84
5..100%
5..100%
5..100%
7..90%
h.85
4..99%
h.88
4..73%
h.89
5..88%
h.90
6..96%
h.91
8..100%
h.92
h.93
Canarium salomonese h.97
Canagium odoratum
Canarium
Scheinfurthii
Canarium oleosum
Canarium vitiense
Aleurites moluccana
Sloanea woollsii
Cathormion
umbellatum
Cedrela odorata
3..100%
7..78%
4..82%
h.94
7..100%
h.95
h.96
h.98
h.99
5..100%
5..97%
0..100%
6..85%
h.100 4..68%
h.102 8..86%
Calocedrus decurrens h.65 5..100%
Melia azedarach
h.101 7..100%
Chamaecyparsis
nootkatensis
Celtis spp,
h.457 4..100%
Celtis philippinesis
h.103 5..86%
h.104 4..69%
Alstonia scholaris
h.105 5..100%
Neobalanocarpus
heimii
Prunus serotina
h.106 4..99%
Page 12 of 16
_____________________________________________________________________________
Ebony, african
Ekki
Elm, European
Elm, White
Evodia, White
Figwood (Moreton Bay)
fir, alpine
fir, amabilis
Fir, Douglas
Fir, Douglas (New Zealand)
(sapwood treated)
Fir, Douglas (New Zealand)
(sapwood untreated)
Fir, Douglas (New Zealand)
(truewood untreated)
Fir, europ., MPA
fir, grand
Fir, Spruce
fir, white / fir, silver
Galip
Garo-Garo
Garuga
Goncalo Alvez
Greenheart
Greenheart, Queensland
Group Spruce-Pine-Fir
Guarea, black
Guarea, white
Guariuba
Gum, Black
Gum, Blue, Sidney
Gum, Blue, Southern
Gum, Grey
Gum, Grey, Mountain
Gum, Maiden's
Gum, Manna
Gum, Mountain
Gum, Pink
h.216 5..100%
h.217 7..86%
Cleistocalyx mirtoides h.107 5..100%
Gum, Red, American
Ceratopetalum
h.108 4..100%
apetalum
Planchonella laurifolia h.109 6..75%
Gum, Red, River
Prunus avium
Cordia dichotoma
Erythrina vespertillio
Hymenaea coubaril
Canarium
australasicum
Goupia glabra
Micropholis
Cupressus spp,
Callitris intratropica
Callitris preisii
Callitris glaucophylla
Decussocarpus
vitiensis
Lovoa trichilioides
6..69%
Gum, Rose / Gum, Saligna
Gum, Shining
Gum, Spotted (Victoria)
(Lemon-Scented)
Gum, Sugar
Gum, White Dunn's
Gum, Yellow
6..63%
Handlewood, Grey
5..100%
4..82%
Handlewood, White
Hardwood, Johnstone River
Hemlock / Hemlock, Western
Hemlock, Chinesische
Hevea
Hickory
Hollywood, Yellow
5..92%
Horizontal
4..93%
Incensewood
h.110 5..61%
h.111 6..70%
h.112 7..64%
h.113 7..85%
h.147
h.114
h.456
h.115
h.116
h.117
6..100%
7..100%
6..100%
h.118 6..100%
h.119
Dillenia salomonese h.120
Alphitonia zizphoides h.121
Duabanga moluccana h.124
Gum, Red, Forest
7..87%
h.125
h.29
h.374
h.373
Melicope micrococca h.135
Ficus macrophylla
h.139
Abies lasiocarpa
h.410
Abies amabilis
h.411
Diospyros spp,
Lophira alata
Ulmus spp,
Ulmus americana
Pseudotsuga
menziesii
Pseudotsuga
menziesii
Pseudotsuga
menziesii
Pseudotsuga
menziesii
Picea abies Karst.
Abies grandis
Abies magnifica
Abies alba
Canarium indicum
Matrixiodendron
pschyclados
Garuga floribunda
Clarisia racemosa
Nyssa sylvatica
Eucalyptus saligna
Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus punctata
Eucalyptus
cypellocarpa
Eucalyptus maidenii
7..69%
6..100%
4..100%
h.140 6..95%
h.141 5..100%
h.142 3..100%
h.460
h.412
h.413
h.414
h.143
6..100%
4..100%
5..100%
5..100%
5..81%
h.144 5..86%
h.145
h.146
Ocotea rodiaei
h.148
Endiandra compressa h.149
Guarea cedrata
5..75%
h.122 5..100%
Astronium spp,
Weichhölzergruppe /
Softwood-Group
Guarea cedrata
6..68%
4..95%
7..61%
5..88%
6..65%
6..51%
6..100%
7..100%
h.402 6..100%
h.68
h.69
h.150
h.162
h.152
h.151
h.153
7..100%
9..85%
8..70%
7..100%
7..100%
6..100%
5..100%
h.154 6..100%
h.155 7..100%
h.156 4..100%
Eucalyptus viminalis
Eucalyptus
h.157
dalrympleana
Eucalyptus
h.158
fasciculosa
Liquidambar
h.166
styraciflua
Eucalyptus tereticomis h.159
Eucalyptus
h.160
camaldulensis
Eucalyptus grandis
h.161
3..100%
6..100%
5..100%
7..100%
7..100%
7..100%
Eucalyptus nitens
h.163 5..100%
Corymbia spp,
h.164 4..94%
Eucalyptus cladocalyx h.165 6..100%
Eucalyptus dunnii
h.167 4..93%
Eucalyptus leucoxylon h.168 7..94%
Aphanante
h.169 5..84%
phillipinensis
Strebulus pendulinus h.170 7..72%
h.171
h.172
Tsuga chinensis
h.173
Hevea Brasiliensis
h.174
Carya spp.
h.175
Premna lignum-vitae h.176
Bakhousia bancroftii
5..78%
Tsuga heterophylla
8..67%
5..98%
7..92%
6..89%
7..86%
Anodopetalum
h.177 7..100%
biglandulosum
Pseudocarapa nitidula h.178 8..73%
H60.0.01.6C-17
Operating Manual GMH 3810
_____________________________________________________
Iroko
Ironbark,
Ironbark,
Ironbark,
Chlorophora excesla
Eucalyptus
Grey
drephanophylla
Eucalyptus paniculata
Grey
Eucalyptus
Red
sideroxylon
Red, Broad Leaved Eucalyptus fibrosa
Ironbark,
Ironbark, Red, Narrow
Leaved
Jarrah
Jelutong
Jequitiba
Kahikatea (New Zealand)
(Boron)
Kahikatea (New Zealand)
(Thanalith)
Kahikatea (New Zealand)
(untreated)
Kamarere (Fiji)
Kamarere (New Guinea)
Kapur
Karri
Kauceti
Kauri
Keledang
Kempas
Keranji (Malaysia)
Keruing
Kiso
Lacewood, Yellow
Laran
Larch
Larch, American / Larch,
Western
Larch, Japanese
Lauan, Red
Leatherwood
Lightwood
Limba
Lime, European
Louro, Red
Macadamia
Magnolia
Mahogany, Brush
Mahogany, Miva
Mahogany, New Guinea
Mahogany, Red
Mahogany, Rose
Mahogany, Southern
Mahogany, White
Mahogony Khaya
Mahogony, American
Mahogony, Phillipines
Mahogony, Phillipines
Mahogony, Sapelli / Sapele
Mahogony, Sipo / Utile
Mahogony, Tiama / gedu
nohor
Mako
Makoré
Eucalyptus cerbra
h.179 7..54%
h.180 7..100%
h.181 5..100%
h.182 8..100%
h.183 8..100%
h.184 5..100%
Eucalyptus marginata h.185 5..100%
Dyera costulata
h.186 0..100%
Cariniana spp,
h.187 5..81%
Dacrycarpus
docrydiodies
Dacrycarpus
docrydiodies
Dacrycarpus
docrydiodies
Eucalyptus deglupta
Eucalyptus deglupta
h.188 7..80%
h.189 6..94%
Larix kaempferi
Shorea negrosensis
Eucryphia lucida
Acacia implexa
Terminalia superba
Tilia vulgaris
Ocotea rubra
Swietenia spp,
Parashorea plicata
Shorea almon
Entandrophragma
cylindricum
Entandrophragma
utilie
Entandrophragma
angolense
Maple, New Guinea
Maple, Rose
5..100%
4..71%
5..100%
0..100%
h.205 6..81%
h.218 6..65%
h.219 5..87%
h.223 7..85%
h.221 5..88%
h.220 5..100%
h.222
h.224
h.225
h.226
h.227
h.229
h.231
h.232
5..100%
5..78%
6..100%
7..78%
6..70%
4..100%
5..99%
Floyda praealta
7..74%
Magnolia
h.233 6..100%
acuminata/grandiflora
Geissos benthamii
h.242 7..70%
Dysoxylum muelleri
Dysoxylum spp,
Eucalyptus botryoides
Dysoxylum
fraseranum
Eucalyptus botryoides
Eucalyptus
acmenoides
Khaya spp,
Maniltoa (Fiji)
Maniltoa (New Guinea)
Mansonia
h.191 5..83%
h.192 5..100%
h.193 7..94%
Dialium platysepalum h.204 5..60%
Larix occidentalis
Mangrove, Cedar
Maple, Queensland
Koomapassia excelsa h.203 4..100%
Dipterocarpus spp,
Chisocheton
schumannii
Polyalthia oblongifolia
Anthocephalus
chinensis
Larix decidua
Makorè
Malas
Malletwood
Malletwood, Brown
Manggachapui
Mango
Mango, Phillipines
Mangosteen (Fiji)
h.190 6..96%
Dryobalanops spp,
Eucalyptus
h.194
diversicolor
Kermadecia vitiensis h.200
Agathis australis,
h.201
boroneensis
Artocarpus lanceifolius h.202
h.243 8..94%
h.241 6..95%
h.244 7..100%
h.245 7..83%
h.246 5..100%
h.247 6..100%
h.235
h.234
h.236
h.237
7..100%
6..100%
5..100%
4..86%
h.238 5..100%
h.239 6..100%
h.240 10..66%
Trischospermum richii h.248 3..87%
Thieghemmella
h.123 6..100%
africana
Page 13 of 16
_____________________________________________________________________________
Maple, Scented
Mararie
Marri
Masiratu
Massandaruba
Matai
Mengkulang
Meranti, Buik from 1999
Meranti, Dark Red
Meranti, Nemesu from 1999
Meranti, Seraya from 1999
Meranti, Tembaga from 1999
Meranti, White
Meranti, Yellow
Merawan
Merbau
Mersawa
Messmate
Moabi
Mora
Moustiqaire
Musizi
Neuburgia
Nutmeg (Fiji)
Nutmeg (New Guinea)
Nyatoh
Oak, European
Oak, Japanese
Oak, New Guinea
Oak, Red
Oak, Silky, Fishtail
Oak, Silky, Northern
Oak, Silky, Red
Oak, Silky, Southern
Oak, Silky, White
Oak, Tasmanian
Oak, Tulip, Blush
Oak, Tulip, Brown
Oak, Tulip, Red
Oak, Tulip, White
Oak, WhiteObah
Thieghemella heckelii h.249 7..100%
Homalium foetidum
h.250 5..92%
Rhodamnia argentea h.251 5..87%
Rhodamnia rubescens h.252 5..91%
Hopea acuminata
Mangifera minor
Mangifera altissima
Garcinia myrtifolia
Xylocarpus
australasicus
Maniltoa grandiflora
h.253
h.254
h.255
h.256
6..100%
4..87%
7..100%
5..87%
h.257 6..100%
h.258 6..72%
Maniltoa pimenteliana h.259 6..72%
Mansonia altissima
h.260 7..100%
Flindersia
pimentelianan
Flindersia brayleyana
Cryptocarya
erythroxylon
Flindersia laevicarpa
Pseudoweinwannia
lanchanocarpa
Eucalyptus calophylla
Degeneria vitiensis
Manilkara kanosiensis
Podocarpus spicatus
Heritiera spp,
Shorea platiclados
Shorea spp,
Shorea pauciflora
Shura curtisii
Shorea leprosula
Shorea hypochra
Shorea multiflora
Hopea sulcala
Intsia spp,
Anisoptera laevis
Eucalyptus obliqua
Baillonella toxisperma
Mora excelsa
Cryptocarya spp,
Maesopsis eminii
Neuburgia collina
Myrstica spp,
Myrstica buchneriana
Palaquium spp,
Quercus robur L.,
Quercus spp,
Castanopsis
acuminatissima
Quercus spp,
h.261 6..100%
h.262 5..100%
h.263 6..80%
h.264 7..70%
h.265 8..97%
h.266
h.267
h.268
h.269
h.270
h.271
h.272
h.274
h.275
h.276
h.277
h.273
h.278
h.279
h.280
h.281
h.282
h.283
h.284
h.286
h.287
h.290
h.291
h.292
h.126
h.127
Argyrodendron
actinophyllum
Argyrodendron
trifoliolatum
Argyrodendron
peralatum
Petrygota horsfieldii
Quercus spp,
Eugenia spp,
5..86%
4..83%
6..95%
5..85%
4..76%
5..100%
4..100%
5..78%
3..93%
4..100%
0..100%
4..100%
6..100%
4..100%
8..97%
6..100%
5..73%
4..100%
7..100%
7..98%
5..95%
5..100%
4..92%
4..100%
4..100%
h.293 4..100%
h.128
h.294
Cardwellia sublimia
h.295
Stenocarpus salignus h.296
Grevillea robusta
h.297
Stenocarpus sinuatus h.298
Eucalyptus regnans h.299
Neorites kevediana
5..81%
5..100%
3..74%
5..100%
6..86%
5..81%
6..82%
7..100%
h.300 6..75%
h.301 9..75%
h.302 9..100%
h.303 5..88%
h.129 5..100%
h.304 5..84%
H60.0.01.6C-17
Operating Manual GMH 3810
_____________________________________________________
Obeche
Odoko
Olive
Olivillo
Opepe
Padauk, African
Palachonella, Fijian
Palachonella, New Guinea
Palachonella, New Guinea
Palachonella, Solomon
Island
Paldao
Panga Panga
Papuacedrus
Parinari, Fijian
Penarahan
Peppermint, Broad-Leaved
Peppermint, Narrow-Leaved
Peroba, White
Persimmon
Perupok (Malaysia)
Perupok (Malaysia)
Pillarwood
Pine / Pine, Stone
Pine, Aleppo
Pine, Austrian
Pine, Beneguet
Pine, Black
Pine, Bunya
Pine, Canary Island
Pine, Celery-Top
Pine, Hoop
Pine, Huon
Pine, King William
Pine, Klinki
Pine, LoblollyPine, LongpolePine, Maritime
Pine, Parana Red
Pine, Parana White
Pine, Pitch-, american
Pine, Pitch-, caribbean
Pine, Radiata
Pine, Radiata (New Zealand)
(sapwood aac)
Pine, Radiata (New Zealand)
(sapwood boliden)
Pine, Radiata (New Zealand)
(sapwood boron)
Pine, Radiata (New Zealand)
(sapwood tanalith)
Pine, Radiata (New Zealand)
(sapwoodt untreated)
Pine, Red
Pine, Scotts
Pine, Shortleaf
Pine, Slash (Queensland)
Pine, Southern
Triplochiton
scleroxylon
Scottellila coriancea
Olea hochstetteri
Atextoxicon
puncttatum
Nauclea diderrichii
h.1
5..60%
h.305 6..93%
h.306 7..100%
h.307 5..90%
h.52 7..95%
Pterocarpus soyauxii h.308 4..100%
Planchonella vitiensis h.347 6..77%
Planchonella
kaernbachiana
Planchonella
thyrsoidea
h.348 4..92%
Pine, Southern, yellow / Pine,
Pinus ponderosa
Ponderosa
Pinus lambertiana
Pine, Sugar
Pinus monticola
Pine, western white
Pittosporum bicolor
Pittosporum (Tasmania)
Planchonia
Pleiogynium / Podo
Podocarp, Fijian
h.349 2..85%
Podocarp, Red
Poplar, Black
Poplar, Pink
Planchonia papuana
h.350 4..70%
Quandong, Brown
Dracontomelum dao
h.309 4..100%
h.312 6..52%
Quandong, Silver
Millettia stuhlmannii
Papuacedrus
papuana
Oarinari insularum
h.314 6..100%
h.315
Myristica iners
h.316
Eucalyptus dives
h.317
Eucalyptus australiana h.318
Paratecoma peroba h.319
Diospyros pentamera h.320
Kokoona spp,
h.321
Lophopetalum
subovatum
Cassipourea
malosano
Pinus pinea
Pinus halepensis
Pinus nigra
Pinus kesya
Prumnoptys amarus
Pinus bidwillii
Pinus canariensis
Phyllocladus
aspenifolius
Araucaria
cunninghamii
Dacrydium franklinii
Athrotaxis
selaginoides
Araucaria hunsteinii
4..100%
6..100%
6..100%
8..98%
7..75%
5..90%
1..100%
h.322 8..100%
h.323 4..100%
h.345
h.324
h.212
h.325
h.326
h.327
h.328
6..100%
8..98%
5..100%
8..100%
Page 14 of 16
_____________________________________________________________________________
Quandong, Solomon Island
Qumu
Raintree (Fiji)
Ramin
Redwood / Sequoia
Rengas
h.329 7..92%
h.330 7..100%
Sapupira
h.331 8..90%
Sasauria (Fiji)
h.332 7..85%
Sassafras
h.333
Pinus taeda
h.209
Pinus contorta
h.207
Pinus pinaster
h.334
Araucaria angustifolia h.335
Araucaria angustifolia h.336
Pinus palustris
h.211
Pinus caribaea
h.210
Pinus radiata
h.337
8..88%
6..100%
4..100%
5..100%
5..100%
8..96%
Sassafras, Southern
Satinash, Blush
Satinash, Grey
6..43%
Satinash, New Guinea
7..72%
Satinash, Rose
Satinay
6..83%
6..100%
5..100%
Pinus radiata
h.338 7..100%
Pinus radiata
h.339 6..100%
Pinus radiata
h.340 6..89%
Pinus radiata
h.341 5..95%
Pinus radiata
h.342 5..100%
Satinbox
Satinheart, Green
Satinwood, Tulip
Pinus resinosa
Pinus sylvestris L.
Pinus echinata
Pinus elliottii
Pinus echinata
h.343
h.206
h.213
h.344
h.214
Scentbark
Sheoak, River
6..100%
Sheoak, Rose
5..100%
Sheoak, Western Australia
6..100%
5..100%
Acer saccharum
Dalbergia nigra
Dalbergia latifolia
Pterocarpus indicus
Pterocarpus indicus
Hymenolobium
excelsum
Dysoxylum
quercifolium
Doryphora sassafras
Atherospherma
moschatum
Acmena Hemilampra
Syzygium
gustavioides
Syzygium
butterneranum
Syzygium francisii
Syncarpia hilii
Phenbalium
saquameum
Geijera salicifolia
Rhodosphaera
rhodanthema
Eucalyptus
aromapholia
Schizomeria serrata
Schizomeria, New Guinea
Schizomeria, Solomon Island Schizomeria serrata
Sindora coriaceae
Sepetir
Casuarina nodiflora
Sheoak, Fijian Beach
2..100%
Silkwood, Bolly
Silkwood, Silver
h.215 4..100%
h.406 5..100%
h.346 4..100%
h.351 5..95%
h.352 7..71%
h.353 6..100%
h.354 6..100%
h.313 4..100%
h.355 6..85%
h.356 5..97%
h.357 5..82%
h.358
h.359
h.360
Gonystylus spp,
h.361
Sequoia sempervirens h.362
Gluta spp,
h.363
Cotylelobium
Resak (Malaysia)
melanoxylon
Dacrydium
Rimu (non-truewood boron) cupresinum
Dacrydium
Rimu (non-truewood tanalith) cupresinum
Rimu (non-truewood
Dacrydium
cupresinum
untreated)
Dacrydium
Rimu (truewood untreated) cupresinum
Robinia pseudoacacia
Robinia
Nothofagus obliqua
Roble Pellin
Rock maple
Rosewood, Brasilian
Rosewood, Indian
Rosewood, New Guinea
Rosewood, Phillippines
5..98%
Pleiogynium
timorense
Podocarpus neriifolia
Decussocarpus
vitiensis
Euroschinus falcata
Populus nigra
Euroschinus falcata
Eurocarpus
coorangooloo
Elaecarpus
angustifolius
Elaecarpus spaericus
Acacia Richii
Samanea saman
h.208 5..100%
Casuarina
cunninghamiana
Casuarina torulosa
Allocasuarina
fraserana
Cryptocarya ablata
Flindersia acuminata
3..85%
5..86%
5..57%
6..67%
5..100%
4..100%
h.364 3..100%
h.365 7..82%
h.366 7..82%
h.367 8..88%
h.368 8..50%
h.369
h.370
h.6
h.311
h.310
h.371
h.372
2..92%
6..93%
5..100%
5..72%
4..100%
5..84%
10..66%
h.375 5..87%
h.376 4..89%
h.377 6..90%
h.378 7..84%
h.379 3..100%
h.380 5..100%
h.381 5..87%
h.382 5..73%
h.383 4..100%
h.384 5..100%
h.385 8..62%
h.386 6..100%
h.387 5..90%
h.388
h.389
h.390
h.391
5..100%
4..74%
1..100%
6..91%
h.392 7..74%
h.393 8..72%
h.394 7..80%
h.395 8..64%
h.396 7..92%
H60.0.01.6C-17
Operating Manual GMH 3810
_____________________________________________________
Simpoh (Phillippines)
Sirus, White
Sirus, White
Sloanea
Soft wood chips
Spondias
Spruce, European
Spruce, Norway /Norway
Spruce
Spruce, Sitka
Sterculia, Brown
Stringybark, Brown
Stringybark, Darwin
Stringybark, Yellow
Suren
Sweet chestnut
Sycamore
Sycamore, Satin
Tallowwood
Dillenia philippinensis h.397 5..100%
Picea abies Karst.
h.398
h.399
h.400
h.461
h.401
h.136
Picea abies
h.137 6..100%
Ailainthus peekelii
Ailainthus triphysa
Sloanea spp,
Spondias mariana
h.138
h.230
Eucalyptus capitellata h.403
Eucalyptus tetrodonta h.404
Terminalia Braun
Terminalia Gelb
Tetrameles
Tingle, Red
Tingle, Yellow
Tomillo
Totara
Touriga, Red
Tristiropsis, New Guinea
Tulipwood
Turat
Turpentine
Vaivai-Ni-Veikau
Vatica, Phillippines
Vitex, New Guinea
Vuga
Vutu
Walnut, American
Walnut, Blush
Walnut, European
7..90%
5..100%
4..100%
Yaka
4..100%
h.405 9..100%
h.407 6..100%
Castanea sativa
h.199 2..100%
Acer pseudoplatanus h.5
7..70%
Campnosperma
brevipetiolata
Terminalia microcarpa
Terminalia
complanata
Tetrameles nudiflora
Eucalyptus jacksonii
Eucalyptus guilfolei
Cedrelinga
catenaeformis
Podocarpus totara
Calophyllum
constatum
Tristiropsis
canarioides
Harpullia pendula
Eucalyptus
gomophocephala
Syncarpia glomulifera
h.408 7..80%
h.409 4..100%
h.30
h.195
h.196
h.197
h.198
h.415
h.416
h.417
h.418
h.419
7..50%
0..100%
6..100%
7..100%
4..90%
8..62%
6..77%
7..82%
6..100%
2..100%
h.420 5..100%
h.421 3..91%
h.422 3..100%
h.423 5..91%
h.424 5..100%
h.425 5..100%
h.427 5..92%
h.428 7..80%
h.429 8..95%
h.430 6..90%
h.432 7..99%
h.431 7..91%
h.433 5..100%
Serianthes myriadenia h.434 5..77%
Vatica, manggachopi h.435 7..79%
Vitex cofassus
Metrosideros collina
Barringtonia edulis
Juglans nigra
Beilschmiedia
obtusifolia
Junglans regia
h.436
h.437
h.438
h.288
Walnut, Yellow
5..100%
5..100%
Ceratopetalum
succirubrum
Eucalyptus
microcorsis
Bagassa guianesis
Walnut, Rose
Walnut, White
6..100%
6..100%
Sterculia spp,
Eucalyptus
muelleriana
Toona cilata
Walnut, Queensland
Wandoo
Wattle, Hickory
Wattle, Silver
Wengé
Western Red Cedar
Whitewood, American
Woolybutt
4..93%
Picea sitchensis
Tatajuba
Pometia pinnata
Taun Maleisien
Pometia pinnata
Taun New Guinea
Pometia pinnata
Taun Phillipines
Pometia pinnata
Taun Solomon Island
Beilschmiedia tawa
Tawa
Beilschmiedia tawa
Tawa (sap & heart boron)
Tawa (sap & heart untreated) Beilschmiedia tawa
Tectona grandis
Teak
Artocarpus elasticus
Terap
Terentang
5..97%
Page 15 of 16
_____________________________________________________________________________
5..100%
6..68%
4..67%
5..100%
h.439 8..81%
h.289 7..74%
Yasi-Yasi I (Fiji)
Yasi-Yasi II (Fiji)
Yate
Yertschuk
Endiandra
palmerstonii
Endiandra muelleri
Cryptocarya obovota
Beilschmiedia
bancroftii
Eucalyptus wandoo
h.440 6..100%
h.441 3..100%
h.442 7..79%
h.443 5..84%
h.444
h.445
Acacia dealbata
h.446
Millettia laurentii
h.448
Thuja plicata
h.449
Liriodendron tulipifera h.447
Eucalyptus longifolia h.450
Acacia penninervis
Dacrydium
nausoriensis/nidilum
Syzygium effusum
7..81%
7..95%
7..67%
6..69%
5..100%
7..100%
h.451 6..88%
h.452
h.453
Eucalyptus cornuta
h.454
Eucalyptus considenia h.455
Syzygium spp,
7..100%
4..92%
5..100%
6..94%
7..100%
H60.0.01.6C-17
Operating Manual GMH 3810
_____________________________________________________
Page 16 of 16
_____________________________________________________________________________
12 Appendix B: Additional materials
Select material you want to measure, enter number on the device, e.g. concrete b25 = b. 6
12.1 Measuring of building materials
Material
Concrete
Concrete 200kg/m³ B15 (200 kg concrete per 1m³ sand)
Concrete 350kg/m³ B25 (350 kg concrete per 1m³ sand)
Concrete 500kg/m³ B35 (500 kg concrete per 1m³ sand)
gas-aerated concrete (Hebel)
gas-aerated concrete (Ytong PPW4, gross density 0,55)
Screed
Anhydrite screed AE, AFE
Ardurapid screed-concrete
Elastizell screed
Screed-plaster
Wood-concrete screed
Screed-concrete ZE, ZFE without additives
Screed-concrete ZE, ZFE with bitumen additives
Screed-concrete ZE, ZFE with synthetic additives
Miscellaneous
Asbestous cement panels
Bricks clay bricks
Plaster
Plaster synthetic
On-wall plaster
Lime mortar KM 1:3
Lime sand bricks (14 DF (200), gross density 1,9)
Limestone
MDF
Cardboard
Stone-timber
Polystyrene
soft-fibre-panel-wood, bitumen
Concrete mortar ZM 1:3
Concrete bounded fake boards
Number Range
b. 5
b. 6
b. 7
b. 9
b. 27
0,7..3,3%
1,1..3,9%
1,4..3,7%
1,6..100,0%
1,6..53,6%
b. 1
b. 2
b. 8
b. 11
b. 13
b. 21
b. 22
b. 23
0,0..30,3%
0,6..3,4%
1,0..24,5%
0,4..9,4%
5,3..20,0%
0,8..4,6%
2,8..5,5%
2,4..11,8%
b. 3
b. 4
b. 10
b. 12
b. 20
b. 14
b. 28
b. 15
b. 16
b. 17
b. 18
b. 25
b. 26
b. 19
b. 24
4,7..34,9%
0,0..40,4%
0,3..77,7%
18,2..60,8%
0,0..38,8%
0,4..40,4%
0,1..12,5%
0,4..29,5%
3,3..52,1%
9,8..100,0%
10,5..18,3%
3,9..50,3%
0,0..71,1%
1,0..10,6%
3,3..33,2%
The accuracy of measuring building materials depends on manufacturing and using. The used additives may vary from
manufacturer to manufacturer, therefore deviating measure results may occur. The given measuring-range is the
theoretically measurable range.
12.2 Estimation of additional materials
Following materials may be well estimated with the help of the device, but you won’t reach such high accuracy than with
materials listed in appendix A and B.
Material
Number Comment
Cork
Fibre board
Wood fibre insulating wall panel
Wood fibre hard disks
Kauramin-fake boards
Melamine-fake boards
Paper
Phenolic resin-fake boards
Textiles
h. A
h. C
h. C
h. C
h. C
h. A
h. C
h. A
h. C (D)
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