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M.D.G., Pro Audio & Digital Musical Instrument Division, Yamaha Corporation
© 2003 Yamaha Corporation
WB00060 303APAP2.3-01A0 Printed in Japan
Owner's Manual
Bedienungsanleitung
Mode d'emploi
Manual de instrucciones
SPECIAL MESSAGE SECTION
This product utilizes batteries or an external power supply
(adapter). DO NOT connect this product to any power supply or
adapter other than one described in the manual, on the name
plate, or specifically recommended by Yamaha.
WARNING: Do not place this product in a position where anyone
could walk on, trip over ,or roll anything over power or connecting
cords of any kind. The use of an extension cord is not recommended! IF you must use an extension cord, the minimum wire
size for a 25' cord (or less ) is 18 AWG. NOTE: The smaller the
AWG number ,the larger the current handling capacity. For longer
extension cords, consult a local electrician.
This product should be used only with the components supplied
or; a cart, rack, or stand that is recommended by Yamaha. If a cart,
etc., is used, please observe all safety markings and instructions
that accompany the accessory product.
SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE:
The information contained in this manual is believed to be correct
at the time of printing. However, Yamaha reserves the right to
change or modify any of the specifications without notice or obligation to update existing units.
This product, either alone or in combination with an amplifier and
headphones or speaker/s, may be capable of producing sound levels that could cause permanent hearing loss. DO NOT operate for
long periods of time at a high volume level or at a level that is
uncomfortable. If you experience any hearing loss or ringing in the
ears, you should consult an audiologist.
IMPORTANT: The louder the sound, the shorter the time period
before damage occurs.
Battery Notice:
This product MAY contain a small non-rechargeable battery which
(if applicable) is soldered in place. The average life span of this
type of battery is approximately five years. When replacement
becomes necessary, contact a qualified service representative to
perform the replacement.
This product may also use “household” type batteries. Some of
these may be rechargeable. Make sure that the battery being
charged is a rechargeable type and that the charger is intended for
the battery being charged.
When installing batteries, do not mix batteries with new, or with
batteries of a different type. Batteries MUST be installed correctly.
Mismatches or incorrect installation may result in overheating and
battery case rupture.
Warning:
Do not attempt to disassemble, or incinerate any battery. Keep all
batteries away from children. Dispose of used batteries promptly
and as regulated by the laws in your area. Note: Check with any
retailer of household type batteries in your area for battery disposal information.
Disposal Notice:
Should this product become damaged beyond repair, or for some
reason its useful life is considered to be at an end, please observe
all local, state, and federal regulations that relate to the disposal of
products that contain lead, batteries, plastics, etc. If your dealer is
unable to assist you, please contact Yamaha directly.
Some Yamaha products may have benches and / or accessory
mounting fixtures that are either supplied with the product or as
optional accessories. Some of these items are designed to be
dealer assembled or installed. Please make sure that benches are
stable and any optional fixtures (where applicable) are well
secured BEFORE using.
Benches supplied by Yamaha are designed for seating only. No
other uses are recommended.
NAME PLATE LOCATION:
NOTICE:
Model
Service charges incurred due to a lack of knowledge relating to
how a function or effect works (when the unit is operating as
designed) are not covered by the manufacturer’s warranty, and are
therefore the owners responsibility. Please study this manual carefully and consult your dealer before requesting service.
Serial No.
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES:
The name plate is located on the bottom of the product. The model
number, serial number, power requirements, etc., are located on
this plate. You should record the model number, serial number,
and the date of purchase in the spaces provided below and retain
this manual as a permanent record of your purchase.
Purchase Date
Yamaha strives to produce products that are both user safe and
environmentally friendly. We sincerely believe that our products
and the production methods used to produce them, meet these
goals. In keeping with both the letter and the spirit of the law, we
want you to be aware of the following:
PLEASE KEEP THIS MANUAL
92-BP (bottom)
PRECAUTIONS
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY BEFORE PROCEEDING
* Please keep this manual in a safe place for future reference.
WARNING
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of serious injury or even death from electrical
shock, short-circuiting, damages, fire or other hazards. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
Water warning
• Only use the voltage specified as correct for the instrument. The required
voltage is printed on the name plate of the instrument.
• Use the specified adaptor (PA-3C or an equivalent recommended by Yamaha)
only. Using the wrong adaptor can result in damage to the instrument or
overheating.
• Check the electric plug periodically and remove any dirt or dust which may have
accumulated on it.
• Do not place the AC adaptor cord near heat sources such as heaters or radiators,
and do not excessively bend or otherwise damage the cord, place heavy objects
on it, or place it in a position where anyone could walk on, trip over, or roll
anything over it.
Do not open
• Do not open the instrument or attempt to disassemble the internal parts or
modify them in any way. The instrument contains no user-serviceable parts. If it
should appear to be malfunctioning, discontinue use immediately and have it
inspected by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
• Do not expose the instrument to rain, use it near water or in damp or wet
conditions, or place containers on it containing liquids which might spill into
any openings.
• Never insert or remove an electric plug with wet hands.
ENGLISH
Power supply/AC power adaptor
Fire warning
• Do not put burning items, such as candles, on the unit.
A burning item may fall over and cause a fire.
If you notice any abnormality
• If the AC adaptor cord or plug becomes frayed or damaged, or if there is a
sudden loss of sound during use of the instrument, or if any unusual smells or
smoke should appear to be caused by it, immediately turn off the power switch,
disconnect the adaptor plug from the outlet, and have the instrument inspected
by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
CAUTION
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of physical injury to you or others, or damage
to the instrument or other property. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
Power supply/AC power adaptor
Location
• When removing the electric plug from the instrument or an outlet, always hold
the plug itself and not the cord.
• Unplug the AC power adaptor when not using the instrument, or during
electrical storms.
• Do not expose the instrument to excessive dust or vibrations, or extreme cold or
heat (such as in direct sunlight, near a heater, or in a car during the day) to
prevent the possibility of panel disfiguration or damage to the internal
components.
• Do not connect the instrument to an electrical outlet using a multiple-connector.
Doing so can result in lower sound quality, or possibly cause overheating in the
outlet.
• Do not use the instrument in the vicinity of a TV, radio, stereo equipment,
mobile phone, or other electric devices. Otherwise, the instrument, TV, or radio
may generate noise.
• Do not place the instrument in an unstable position where it might accidentally
fall over.
• Before moving the instrument, remove all connected adaptor and other cables.
• Use only the stand specified for the instrument. When attaching the stand or
rack, use the provided screws only. Failure to do so could cause damage to the
internal components or result in the instrument falling over.
• Do not place objects in front of the instrument's air vent, since this may prevent
adequate ventilation of the internal components, and possibly result in the
instrument overheating.
(3)-7
1/2
P-90 PRECAUTIONS
3
Connections
Saving data
• Before connecting the instrument to other electronic components, turn off the
power for all components. Before turning the power on or off for all
components, set all volume levels to minimum. Also, be sure to set the volumes
of all components at their minimum levels and gradually raise the volume
controls while playing the instrument to set the desired listening level.
Maintenance
• When cleaning the instrument, use a soft, dry cloth. Do not use paint thinners,
solvents, cleaning fluids, or chemical-impregnated wiping cloths.
ENGLISH
Handling caution
Saving and backing up your data
• Depending upon the Backup Functions (page 42) settings, internal data is
retained for about 1 week after the power is turned off. If the period is exceeded,
the data will be lost. Be sure to turn the power switch on for a few minutes at
least once a week. The data could be lost due to malfunction or incorrect
operation. Save important data to external media such as the Yamaha MDF3
MIDI data filer.
Backing up the external media
• To protect against data loss through media damage, we recommend that you
save your important data onto two external media.
• Never insert or drop paper, metallic, or other objects into the gaps on the panel
or keyboard. If this happens, turn off the power immediately and unplug the
power cord from the AC outlet. Then have the instrument inspected by qualified
Yamaha service personnel.
• Do not place vinyl, plastic or rubber objects on the instrument, since this might
discolor the panel or keyboard.
• Do not rest your weight on, or place heavy objects on the instrument, and do not
use excessive force on the buttons, switches or connectors.
• Do not operate the instrument for a long period of time at a high or
uncomfortable volume level, since this can cause permanent hearing loss. If you
experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, consult a physician.
Yamaha cannot be held responsible for damage caused by improper use or modifications to the instrument, or data that is lost or destroyed.
Always turn the power off when the instrument is not in use.
Even when the power switch ([STANDBY/ON] switch) is in the “STANDBY” position, electricity is still flowing to the instrument at the minimum level. When you are not using
the instrument for a long time, make sure you unplug the AC power adaptor from the wall AC outlet.
Make sure to discard used batteries according to local regulations.
(3)-7
4
P-90 PRECAUTIONS
2/2
Table of Contents
Music Rest ............................................................9
Connecting the AC Power Adaptor and external
equipment ........................................................9
Turning the power on........................................11
Adjusting the volume.........................................11
Control Panel.......................................12
Listening to the Demonstration
Tunes .................................................14
Listening to 50 Piano Preset Songs .....15
Practicing a One-Hand Part Using 50 Preset
Songs (Part Cancel Function) .......................16
A-B Repeat for 50 Preset Songs .........................18
Selecting & Playing Voices ..................19
Selecting Voices ..................................................19
Adding Variations to the Sound –
[VARIATION]/[BRILLIANCE]/[REVERB]/
[EFFECT] .......................................................19
Touch Sensitivity – [TOUCH] ..........................21
Transposition – [TRANSPOSE]........................22
Combining Two Voices (Dual mode)...............23
Splitting the Keyboard Range and Playing Two
Different Voices (Split mode) .......................24
Using the Metronome........................................25
Detailed Settings – [FUNCTION]......... 32
Basic Procedure in Function Mode .................. 33
About Each Function......................................... 35
F1. Fine Tuning of the Pitch ....................... 35
F2. Selecting a Scale..................................... 36
F3. Dual Mode Functions ........................... 37
F4. Split Mode Functions............................ 38
F5. Other Functions .................................... 39
F6. Metronome Volume ............................. 39
F7. Preset Song Part Cancel Volume.......... 39
F8. MIDI Functions..................................... 40
F9. Backup Functions.................................. 42
ENGLISH
Accessories.............................................6
Application Index ..................................7
Features .................................................8
Before using the P-90 ............................9
About MIDI.......................................... 44
Connecting a Personal Computer....... 45
Troubleshooting.................................. 49
Preset Voice List .................................. 50
Demo Song List ................................... 52
Preset Song List................................... 52
Index.................................................... 53
Factory Setting List.............................. 55
MIDI Data Format ............................... 56
MIDI Implementation Chart ............... 60
Specifications....................................... 61
Recording Your Performance..............26
Recording to the First Track..............................26
Re-recording to the First Track .........................27
Recording to the Second Track .........................28
Changing the Initial Settings (Data recorded at
the beginning of a song) ................................29
Playing Back Recorded Songs .............30
Playing Back a Song ...........................................30
Useful Playback Functions.................................31
P-90 Table of Contents
5
Thank you for purchasing the Yamaha P-90 Electronic Piano!
We recommend that you read this manual carefully
so that you can fully take advantage of the advanced
and convenient functions of the P-90.
We also recommend that you keep this manual
in a safe and handy place for future reference.
ENGLISH
* The illustrations and LED displays shown in this owner’s manual are for instructional purposes only and may appear
somewhat different from those on your instrument.
COPYRIGHT NOTICE
This product incorporates and bundles computer programs and contents in which Yamaha owns copyrights or with
respect to which it has license to use others’ copyrights. Such copyrighted materials include, without limitation, all
computer software, MIDI files, WAVE data. Any unauthorized use of such programs and contents outside of personal
use is not permitted under relevant laws. Any violation of copyright has legal consequences. DON’T MAKE, DISTRIBUTE OR USE ILLEGAL COPIES.
Trademarks:
•
•
•
Apple and Macintosh are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft® Corporation.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective holders.
Accessories
• Owner’s Manual
• Music Rest
• Sustain Pedal
• PA-3C AC Power Adaptor (Included or optional depending on locale)
6
P-90 Accessories
Application Index
Use this index to find reference pages that may be helpful for your particular application and situation.
Listening
Listening to demo songs with different voices....................................... “Listening to the Demonstration Tunes” on page 14
Listening to songs from “50 Greats for the Piano” ...................................... “Listening to 50 Piano Preset Songs” on page 15
Listening to my recorded performance .................................................................“Playing Back Recorded Songs” on page 30
Using a included pedal ........................................... “Connecting the AC Power Adaptor and external equipment” on page 9
Playing an accompaniment that matches pitch ................................................“Transposition – [TRANSPOSE]” on page 22
Selecting a touch sensitivity type......................................................................... “Touch Sensitivity – [TOUCH]” on page 21
Fine tuning the pitch of the entire instrument when you play the P-90 along
with other instruments or CD music. ............................................................................ “Fine tuning of the pitch” on page 35
ENGLISH
Playing
Changing voices
Viewing the list of voices..............................................................................................................“Preset Voice List” on page 50
Simulating a concert hall ..................................................................................................................... “[REVERB]” on page 19
Combining two voices............................................................................... “Combining Two Voices (Dual mode)” on page 23
Playing different sounds with left and right hands
...................................................“Splitting the Keyboard Range and Playing Two Different Voices (Split mode)” on page 24
Making the sound more brilliant or mellower ........................................................................... “[BRILLIANCE]” on page 20
Adding spread or swell to the sound .................................................................................................... “[EFFECT]” on page 20
Enhancing the sound with effects..................................................................................................“[VARIATION]” on page 19
Practicing
Muting the right- or left-hand part
...................................................... “Practicing a One-Hand Part Using 50 Preset Songs (Part Cancel Function)” on page 16
Practicing a specified phrase repeatedly..............................................................“A-B Repeat for 50 Preset Songs” on page 18
Practicing with an accurate and steady tempo .................................................................“Using the Metronome” on page 25
Practicing using your recorded song ..................................................................... “Recording Your Performance” on page 26
Recording
Recording your performance................................................................................. “Recording Your Performance” on page 26
Settings
Adjusting the P-90 settings ............................................................................ “Detailed Settings – [FUNCTION]” on page 32
Connecting the P-90 to other devices
What is MIDI? ....................................................................................................................................“About MIDI” on page 44
Connecting a computer ..................................................................................“Connecting a Personal Computer” on page 45
P-90 Application Index
7
Features
The Yamaha P-90 Electronic Piano offers unmatched sonic realism and natural grand-piano type playability as well as
Yamaha’s original “AWM Dynamic Stereo Sampling” tone-generation technology for rich, musical voices, and a special
“Graded Hammer” keyboard that provides graded key weight and response throughout the keyboard range.
The GrandPiano1 and 2 voices feature samples recorded from a full concert grand piano. The GrandPiano1 voice features
three velocity-switched samples (Dynamic Sampling), special “Sustain Sampling” that samples the unique resonance of
an acoustic grand piano’s soundboard and strings when the sustain pedal is pressed, and “Keyoff Samples” that add the
subtle sound produced when the keys are released. The P-90 comes much closer to the sound of a true acoustic piano.
ENGLISH
[VOICE] buttons
[TEMPO/FUNCTION# ▼▲] buttons
[FUNCTION] button
[REVERB] / [EFFECT] buttons
You can change the song tempo (speed) and select
useful functions using this buttons (pages 32–43).
Add reverb (reverberation) and
effects to the sound (pages 20, 21).
[METRONOME] buttons
[TOUCH] button
Control the metronome
functions (page 25).
[SONG] buttons
Demonstration playback is available for
each voice (page 14).
MIN
MASTER VOLUME
MELLOW
BRILLIANCE
Fine-tune the touch response (page 22).
This section enables
you to listen to these
songs, practice using a
convenient practice
function, and record
and play back your
performance (pages
15–18, 26–31).
[DEMO] button
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
FUNCTION
– / NO
METRONOME
+ / YES
PRESET
START/
STOP
TRACK
REC
SONG
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
[TRANSPOSE] button
You can shift the pitch of the entire
keyboard up or down so that the
pitch will match that of another instrument or singer, while you play
the same, unshifted keys (page 22).
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
E. PIANO
1
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
STRINGS
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
TRANSPOSE
VOICE
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
[BRILLIANCE] control
[SPLIT] button
Adjust the brightness of the tone
using this slider (page 20).
You can play different voices on the left- and right-hand
sections of the keyboard (page 24).
[MASTER VOLUME]
control
MIN
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
MAX
BRIGHT
Adjust the volume
level using this slider
(page 11).
Connect the
included pedal
to this jack.
While this pedal
is pressed,
notes you play
will be sustained
even if you take
your finger off
the key.
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
METRONOME
FUNCTION
– / NO
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
+ / YES
PRESET
TRACK
START/
STOP
REC
SONG
Connect a MIDI device here to use
various MIDI functions (pages 40–42).
(About MIDI ➝ page 44)
SUSTAIN
IN
MIDI
OUT
HOST SELECT
MIDI
PC-2
DC IN 12V
STANDBY /
ON
TO HOST
R
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
TRANSPOSE
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
E. PIANO
1
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
STRINGS
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VOICE
P-90 Features
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
This jack and selector switch allow direct connection to a personal computer
for sequencing and other music applications (pages 45–48).
Mac
PC-1
OUTPUT
L
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
L /L+R
PHONES
R
A set of standard stereo headphones
can be plugged in here for private practice (page 10).
These jacks output the sound of the P-90 to your keyboard
amp, stereo, mixing console, or tape recorder.
8
Select voices from 24
internal sounds including
variation (page 19). You
can also combine two
voices at the same time
(page 23).
Before using the P-90
Music Rest
ENGLISH
Attach the music rest to the instrument by inserting it into the slot at the rear
of the control panal.
Connecting the AC Power Adaptor and external
equipment
SUSTAIN
IN
MIDI
OUT
HOST SELECT
MIDI
PC-2
5
DC IN 12V
6
STANDBY /
TO HOST
Mac
PC-1
7
ON
OUTPUT
PHONES
1
2
L
R
3 L /L+R
R
4
DC IN 12V
1 [DC IN 12 V] connector
Connect the included PA-3C AC Power Adaptor here.
1. Make sure that the [STANDBY/ON] switch is off (in the “STANDBY”
position).
DC IN 12V
AC outlet
PA-3C
2. Insert the plug of the PA-3C cable into the [DC IN 12V] connector.
3. Plug the PA-3C into an AC outlet of the correct voltage.
When disconnecting the PA-3C, you must reverse this procedure.
WARNING
Use ONLY a Yamaha PA-3C AC Power Adaptor (or other adaptor specifically recommended by Yamaha) to power your instrument from the AC
mains. The use of other adaptors may result in irreparable damage to both
the adaptor and the P-90.
WARNING
Unplug the AC Power Adaptor when not using the P-90, or during electrical storms.
P-90 Before using the P-90
9
2 [STANDBY/ON] switch
OUTPUT
This is the power switch. Refer to “Turning the power on” (page 11).
L
R
L /L+R
R
3 OUTPUT [L][R] jacks (RCA phono jacks), [L/L+R] [R]
jacks (phone jacks)
You can use audio cables to connect an external audio device to these jacks.
The audio output of the P-90 is sent from the OUTPUT jacks, allowing you
to play it from an external audio device.
For monaural output, use [L/L+R] (phone jack).
Stereo System
OUTPUT
ENGLISH
CAUTION
Before connecting the P-90 to other electronic components, turn off the
power for all components. Before turning the power on or off for all components, set all-volume levels to minimum.
L
R
L /L+R
R
CAUTION
When turning the power on, first turn the P-90’s power on and then turn
the power on of the external amplifier/speaker system.
When turning the power off, simply reverse the order.
Since the P-90 does not contain speakers, you will need to connect external audio
equipment or use headphones in order to hear its sounds.
Instrument amplifier
4 [PHONES] jacks (1/4-inch stereo phone jacks)
You can connect headphones to these jacks.
Since there are two [PHONES] jacks, you can connect two pairs of headphones so that two people can listen. (If connecting only one pair of headphones, you may use either jack.)
PHONES
CAUTION
Do not use the P-90 at a high volume level for a long period of time, or
your hearing may be damaged.
5 [SUSTAIN] jack
SUSTAIN
You can connect the included pedal to this jack. While this pedal is pressed,
notes you play will be sustained even if you take your finger off the key. Since
half-pedaling is supported, pressing the pedal more deeply will produce
longer sustain. On the [GRAND PIANO 1] voices (including its variation),
pressing this pedal will also add sympathetic resonances of the sound board
and strings (sustain sampling).
Turn off the power before connecting or disconnecting the pedal.
You can adjust the depth of the sound board and string resonance effect (page 39).
10
P-90 Before using the P-90
When you press the pedal
here, the notes you play
before you release the pedal
have a longer sustain.
6 MIDI [IN] [OUT] connectors
You can use MIDI cables to connect external MIDI devices.
If using these MIDI connectors, set the [HOST SELECT] switch to “MIDI.”
Refer to page 44 “About MIDI.”
You can connect your personal computer to the [TO HOST] connector.
If you are using the MIDI connectors, set the [HOST SELECT] switch to
“MIDI.” If you have connected your personal computer to the [TO HOST]
connector, set this switch to the setting (other than “MIDI”) appropriate for
your model of computer.
For details on connecting a personal computer, refer to page 45 “Connecting
a Personal Computer.”
STANDBY /
Turning the power on
ON
ENGLISH
7 [TO HOST] connector and [HOST SELECT] switch
For details on connecting the AC power adaptor and external equipment, refer to
page 9–11.
CAUTION
You must turn the volume of connected devices to the minimum setting
(zero) before turning the power on or off. When turning the power on,
first turn on the P-90 and then any external audio devices. When turning
the power off, first turn off any external audio devices and then the P-90.
Failing to observe the correct order may cause malfunctions or electrical
shock.
Make sure that the AC Power adaptor is connected correctly, and press the
[STANDBY/ON] switch located on the left side panel.
• The display will become active.
To turn off the power, press the [STANDBY/ON] switch again.
CAUTION
Even when the switch is in the “STANDBY” position, electricity is still flowing to the instrument at the minimum level.
CAUTION
When you are not using the P-90 for a long time, make sure you unplug
the AC power adaptor from the wall AC outlet.
Adjusting the volume
MIN
MASTER VOLUME
MAX
If an external audio device is connected, use the P-90’s [MASTER VOLUME] control and the volume control of your external audio device to adjust
the volume while you play the keyboard to produce sound.
If you are using headphones, gradually raise the P-90’s [MASTER VOLUME] control while playing the keyboard.
If the sound is distorted at high volume, lower the [MASTER VOLUME] control and/
or external audio device volume control until the sound is no longer distorted.
P-90 Before using the P-90
11
ENGLISH
Control Panel
1
MIN
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
9
FUNCTION
METRONOME
2
3 4 5
– / NO
+ / YES
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
6
PRESET
TRACK
START/
STOP
SONG
8
MIN
MASTER VOLUME
MELLOW
BRILLIANCE
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REC
REVERB
0
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
TRANSP
A B C D
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
FUNCTION
METRONOME
– / NO
+ / YES
PRES
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
A-1 B-1 C0 D0 E0 F0 G0 A0 B0 C1 D1 E1 F1 G1 A1 B1 C2 D2 E2 F2 G2 A2 B2 C3
1 [MASTER VOLUME] Control
The [MASTER VOLUME] control adjusts the P-90’s
output volume (level). The [MASTER VOLUME]
control also adjusts headphone volume when a pair
of headphones is plugged into the [PHONES] jack
(page 10).
2 [BRILLIANCE] Control
The [BRILLIANCE] Control adjusts the tonality or
“timbre” of the output sound from a mellow tone to
a bright tone.
3 [DEMO] Button
Activates the demo playback mode in which you can
select playback of different demonstration sequences
for each of the P-90’s voices. See page 14 for details.
4 METRONOME [START/STOP] Button
Turns the metronome sound on and off. The
[TEMPO/FUNCTION#▲,▼]buttons, are used to
set the tempo of the metronome sound. The [–/
NO▼] and [+/YES▲] buttons are used to change
the time signature (beat) of the metronome, if used
while the METRONOME [START/STOP] button is
held — page 25.
12
P-90 Control Panel
5 [TEMPO/FUNCTION#▲,▼] Buttons
These buttons adjust the tempo of the metronome
function as well as the playback tempo of the songfunction. The tempo range is from 32 to 280 beats
per minute — page 25. These same buttons are also
used to select functions — page 33.
6 [FUNCTION] Button
This button accesses a range of utility functions—
including the MIDI functions — that significantly
enhance versatility and playability. See page 33 fordetails.
7 [–/NO▼], [+/YES▲] Buttons
These buttons select a preset song number for playback, and are also used to adjust a range of other
parameters (i.e. their “–/NO” and “+/YES” functions).
8 SONG [PRESET] Button
This button enters the preset song mode. While in
this mode you can use the [–/NO▼], [+/YES▲] buttons to select from 50 songs.
Tempo
(Normal indication)
A song number of
“50 Greats for the Piano”
Function number
Parameter value
ENGLISH
Display
• Check the operation on the display in the center of the top panel as
you proceed.
• The display indicates different values, as shown below, depending
on the operation.
E
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
E. PIANO
1
STRINGS
TRANSPOSE
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
F
VARIATION
VOICE
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
C D
– / NO
ER VALUE
+ / YES
PRESET
TRACK
SONG
START/
STOP
REC
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
TRANSPOSE
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
E. PIANO
1
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
STRINGS
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VOICE
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
A2 B2 C3 D3 E3 F3 G3 A3 B3 C4 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 B4 C5 D5 E5 F5 G5 A5 B5 C6 D6 E6 F6 G6 A6 B6 C7
9 TRACK [1] and [2] Buttons
The P-90 has a 2-track recorder, and these but-tons
are used to select the track(s) to be recorded or
played back. See page 27 for details.
0 SONG [START/STOP] and [REC] Buttons
These buttons control the P-90’s user song recorder,
letting you record and play back just about anything
you play on the keyboard.
A [REVERB] Button
The [REVERB] button selects a number of digital
reverb effects that you can use for extra depth and
expressive power. See page 20 for details.
B [EFFECT] Button
This button selects a number of effects which can
give your sound greater depth and animation.
C [TOUCH] Button
The [TOUCH] button makes it easy to adjust the
touch response of the P-90 to match your playingstyle. See page 21 for details.
D [TRANSPOSE] Button
The [TRANSPOSE] button allows access to the P90’s TRANSPOSE function (to shift the pitch of the
entire keyboard up or down in semitone intervals).
E VOICE Buttons & [VARIATION] Button
Simply press any of the voice selectors to select the
corresponding voice. The voice selector LED will
light to indicate which voice is currently selected.
Press the [VARIATION] button so that its indicator
lights to select a variation of the currently selected
voice.
There is also a dual mode in which two voices can be
played simultaneously across the full range of the
keyboard (see page 23 for details), and a split mode
which allows different voices to be played by the left
and right hands (see page 24 for details).
F [SPLIT] Button
Engages the split mode, in which different voices can
be played on the left- and right-hand sections of the
keyboard. See page 24 for details.
P-90 Control Panel
13
Listening to the Demonstration Tunes
Demonstration tunes are provided that effectively demonstrate each of the P-90’s voices.
2 5
MIN
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
4
3
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
FUNCTION
METRONOME
– / NO
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
+ / YES
PRESET
TRACK
SONG
START/
STOP
REC
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
TRANSPOSE
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
E. PIANO
1
STRINGS
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VOICE
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
ENGLISH
Procedure
1. Turn the power on.
(In case the power is not turned ON) Press the [STANDBY/ON] switch.
When the power is turned ON, one of the voice button LEDs will light.
Initially set the [MASTER VOLUME] control about half way between the “MIN”
and “MAX” settings. Then, when you start playing, re-adjust the [MASTER
VOLUME] control to the most comfortable listening level.
2. Engage Demo mode.
Press the [DEMO] button to engage Demo mode. The voice button indicators
will flash in sequence.
3. Play a Voice demo.
Press one of the voice buttons to start playback of all songs starting from the
corresponding voice demo tune — featuring the voice normally selected by that
voice button. (If you press the SONG [START/STOP] button instead of a voice
button, the [GRAND PIANO 1] demo tune will begin playback.)
MIDI reception is not possible in
Demo Song mode.
Demo song data is not transmitted via the MIDI connectors.
Demo mode cannot be
engaged while a user song
recorder (page 26) or user song
playback (page 30) is in use.
Mode:
A mode is a status under which
you can execute a certain function. In Demo mode, you can
play back demonstration tunes.
Adjust the volume/brilliance
Use the [MASTER VOLUME] control to adjust the volume and the [BRILLIANCE] control to adjust the brilliance (page 20).
4. Stop the Voice demo.
Press the SONG [START/STOP] button or the voice button of the currentlyplaying demo to stop playback.
5. Exit from Demo mode.
Press the [DEMO] button to exit from Demo mode and return to normal play
mode.
The voice button indicators will stop flashing in sequence.
14
P-90 Listening to the Demonstration Tunes
You cannot adjust the tempo of
demo songs.
You cannot use the part cancel
function (page 39) or the song
A–B repeat function (page 18)
in Demo mode.
You can demo the piano voices
with various effects by pressing
the [VARIATION] button, then
pressing the desired voice button. Refer to the “Piano Voice
Demo Description” on page 52
for the complete list of demo
sounds for the piano voices with
various effects.
Listening to 50 Piano Preset Songs
The P-90 provides performance data of 50 piano songs. You can simply listen to these songs
(page 15) or use them for practice (page 16). Voice demo songs consist entirely of Yamaha original
songs (© 2001-2002 Yamaha Corporation). See page 52 for a complete listing of the preset songs.
2 -1
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
METRONOME
FUNCTION
– / NO
+ / YES
PRESET
TRACK
START/
STOP
REC
SONG
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
TRANSPOSE
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
E. PIANO
1
STRINGS
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VOICE
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
ENGLISH
MIN
2 -2 3
1 4
Procedure
1. Engage Preset Song mode.
Preset Song mode cannot be
engaged while the unit is in
Demo Song mode (page 14),
while a song is playing back
(page 30), or when the user
song recorder (page 26) is in
use.
Press the [PRESET] button to engage Preset Song mode. The [PRESET],
[TRACK1] and [TRACK2] indicators will light.
2. Play any of the 50 preset songs.
2-1
2-2
Press the [–/NO], [+/YES] buttons to select the number
of the tune you want to play (the number will appear
on the LED display).
1 – 50: Select a preset song number and play only
the song.
ALL:
Play all preset songs in sequence.
rnd:
Play all preset songs continuously in random order.
song number
Press the SONG [START/STOP] button to start playback.
Song:
On the P-90, performance data
is called a “Song.” This includes
demonstration tunes and piano
preset tunes.
You can play the keyboard
along with the preset song. You
can change the voice playing on
the keyboard.
Adjust the Volume
Use the [MASTER VOLUME] control to adjust the volume.
Adjust the tempo
You can use the [TEMPO/FUNCTION# ▼
▲] buttons to adjust the playback tempo
as required. The default tempo can be
recalled by simultaneously pressing the
[▼] and [▲] buttons.
3. Stop playback.
This produces a relative tempo variation, with a range from “–50”
through “---” to “50” at maximum;
the range will differ depending on
the selected song.
Playback will stop automatically when the selected preset song has finished. To
stop the song during playback (or continuous playback), press the SONG
[START/STOP] button.
• To play back another song continuously, see procedure 2 above.
You can adjust the Brilliance
control (page 20) and Reverb
type (page 20) that is applied to
the voice you play on the keyboard and for the preset song
playback. You can change the
Effect type (page 20) and Touch
sensitivity (page 21) for the keyboard voice.
The default tempo “---” is automatically selected whenever a
new preset song is selected, or
when playback of a new preset
song begins during “ALL” or
“rnd” playback.
When you select a different
song (or a different song is
selected during chained playback), an appropriate reverb
type will be selected accordingly.
P-90 Listening to 50 Piano Preset Songs
15
4. Exit from Preset Song mode.
Press the [PRESET] button to exit Preset Song mode. The indicator turns off,
and the unit returns to normal play mode.
MIDI reception is not possible in
Piano Song mode.
Piano song data is not transmitted via the MIDI connectors.
ENGLISH
How to use the practice functions
You can turn the left- and right-hand parts on or off as required so you can practice the
corresponding part (part cancel function) and continuously repeat a specified phrase
within a song (song A-B repeat function). For more information, see pages 16–18.
Practicing a One-Hand Part Using 50 Preset Songs
(Part Cancel Function)
The 50 preset songs have separate left- and right-hand parts on individual tracks. You can turn the
left- and right-hand parts on or off as required so you can practice the corresponding part (the part
that is turned off) on the keyboard. The right-hand part is played by [TRACK1] and the left-hand
part is played by [TRACK2].
1 2 3
MIN
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
METRONOME
FUNCTION
– / NO
+ / YES
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
PRESET
TRACK
SONG
START/
STOP
REC
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
TRANSPOSE
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
E. PIANO
1
STRINGS
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VOICE
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
Procedure
1. Turn off the playback part you wish to practice.
After you select a song to practice, press the [TRACK1] or [TRACK2] button to
turn off the corresponding part.
When you first select a song, both [TRACK1] and [TRACK2] indicators light up,
indicating that you can play back both parts. When you press one of the buttons
to turn off playback, the corresponding button indicator turns off and the corresponding part playback is muted.
• Pressing the buttons repeatedly toggles playback between on and off.
2. Start playback and playing.
Press the SONG [START/STOP] button to start playback. Play the part you just
turned off.
16
P-90 Listening to 50 Piano Preset Songs
The Preset Song Part Cancel
function cannot be used during
“ALL” or “rnd” (page 15) playback.
The parts can be turned on or
off even during playback.
The “Preset Song Part Cancel
Volume” function described on
page 39 can be used to set the
canceled part so that it plays at
a volume from “0” (no sound) to
“20”. The normal setting is “5”.
Starting playback automatically as you start playing the keyboard
(Synchro Start)
If you hold a track button that is
OFF while pressing the SONG
[START/STOP] button, that
track will be turned ON and the
unit will engage Synchro Start
mode.
3. Stop playback.
When playback is complete, it automatically stops and the P-90 locates the top
of the song. If you wish to stop playback in the middle of a song, press the
SONG[START/STOP] button.
Both parts are automatically
turned ON whenever a new
song is selected.
P-90 Listening to 50 Piano Preset Songs
ENGLISH
When the Synchro Start function is engaged, playback of the selected preset song will begin automatically as soon as you start playing on the keyboard.
To engage the Synchro Start function press the
song number
SONG [START/STOP] button while holding the
synchro
start mark
part button for the ON part. A dot will appear in the
lower right corner of the display.
(Repeat the previous operation to disengage the Synchro Start function.)
Playback will then start as soon as you begin playing on the keyboard.
17
A-B Repeat for 50 Preset Songs
The A-B Repeat function can be used to continuously repeat a specified phrase within a preset song.
Combined with the Part Cancel function described below, this provides an excellent way to practice
difficult phrases.
1
MIN
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
METRONOME
ENGLISH
2
FUNCTION
– / NO
+ / YES
PRESET
TRACK
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
SONG
START/
STOP
REC
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
TRANSPOSE
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
E. PIANO
1
STRINGS
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VOICE
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
Procedure
1. Specify the beginning (A) and the end (B) of the
phrase, and start practicing.
Select and play a preset song, then press the [FUNCTION] button at the beginning of the phrase you want
to repeat.
This sets the “A” point (
play).
will appear on the dis-
To specify the end (B) of the phrase, press the [FUNCTION] button a second time at the end of the phrase.
This sets the “B” point (
will appear on the display).
At this point, repeat playback will begin between the
specified A and B points.
2. Stop playback.
Press the SONG [START/STOP] button to stop playback while retaining the
specified A and B points. A-B repeat playback will resume if you press the SONG
[START/STOP] button again.
The A-B Repeat function cannot
be used during “ALL” or “rnd”
(page 15) playback.
• To set the “A” point at the
very beginning of the song,
press the [FUNCTION] button before starting playback.
• To set the B point at the
song’s end, press the [FUNCTION] button after song playback is complete and before
disappears from the
display.
An automatic lead-in (to help
guide you into the phrase) starts
at the A point of the song. However, when the A point is set at
the beginning of the song, the
automatic lead-in is not played.
To cancel the A and B points, press the [FUNCTION] button once.
The A and B points are automatically canceled when a new
song is selected.
18
P-90 Listening to 50 Piano Preset Songs
Selecting & Playing Voices
Selecting Voices
[VOICE]
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
FUNCTION
METRONOME
– / NO
+ / YES
PRESET
TRACK
START/
STOP
REC
SONG
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
TRANSPOSE
E. PIANO
1
STRINGS
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VARIATION
VOICE
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
Procedure
Select the desired voice by pressing one of the [VOICE] buttons.
To learn characteristics of the
voices, listen to demo songs for
each voice (page 14). Refer to
“Preset Voice List” on page 50
for more information on the
characteristics of each preset
voice.
Then, when you start playing, re-adjust the [MASTER VOLUME] control for the most
comfortable listening level.
ENGLISH
MIN
Voice:
On the P-90, a voice means a
“tone” or “tonal color.”
You can control the loudness of
a voice by adjusting the force
with which you strike the keys,
although different playing styles
(touch sensitivities) have little or
no effect with certain musical
instruments.
Refer to “Preset Voice List” on
page 50.
Adding Variations to the Sound – [VARIATION]/
[BRILLIANCE]/[REVERB]/[EFFECT]
[–/NO] [+/YES]
[BRILLIANCE]
MIN
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
[REVERB]
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
METRONOME
FUNCTION
– / NO
TEMPO/OTHER VALUE
+ / YES
PRESET
TRACK
SONG
START/
STOP
REC
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
EFFECT
[EFFECT]
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
ON
TOUCH TRANSPOSE
[VARIATION]
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
E. PIANO
1
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
STRINGS
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VARIATION
VOICE
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
[VARIATION]
Lets you alter another aspect of the effect, depending on the selected type.
Refer to “Preset Voice List” on page 50 for more information on the characteristics of
each variation.
Normal setting = OFF
Procedure
Pressing the [VARIATION] or selected voice button toggles the variation on and off.
The indicator lights (ON) each time the [VARIATION] button is pressed.
Normal setting:
The “Normal setting” refers to
the default setting (factory setting) obtained when you first
turn on the power to the P-90.
P-90 Selecting & Playing Voices
19
[BRILLIANCE]
This control can be used to change the tonality or “timbre” of the sound output.
The control range is from MELLOW to BRIGHT.
[REVERB]
ENGLISH
This control enables you to select various digital reverb effects that would add extra
depth and expression to the sound to create a realistic acoustic ambience.
OFF:
When no reverb effect is selected, no REVERB indicator is lit.
ROOM: This setting adds a continuous reverb effect to the sound, similar to the
acoustic reverberation you would hear in a room.
HALL 1: For a “bigger” reverb sound, use the HALL 1 setting. This effect simulates
the natural reverberation of a small-size concert hall.
HALL 2: For a truly spacious reverb sound, use the HALL 2 setting. This effect simulates the natural reverberation of a large concert hall.
STAGE: Simulates the reverb of a stage environment.
When the BRILLIANCE is set to
BRIGHT, the overall sound will
be slightly louder. If the MASTER VOLUME is set at a high
level the sound may become
distorted. If so, lower the MASTER VOLUME level.
The default reverb type (including OFF) and depth settings are
different for each voice.
Procedure
Pressing the [REVERB] button repeatedly toggles the reverb on and off.
The indicators light in sequence each time the [REVERB] button is pressed. No effect is
produced when all indicators are off.
Even if the REVERB effect is OFF, a “Soundboard Reverb” effect will be applied when
the [GRAND PIANO 1] voices are selected.
Adjusting Reverb Depth
Adjust the reverb depth for the selected voice by using the
[–/NO] [+/YES] buttons while holding the [REVERB] button. The depth range is from 0 through 20. The current
depth setting appears on the LED display while the
[REVERB] button is held.
[EFFECT]
The [EFFECT] button allows you to select an effect to give your
sound greater depth and animation.
OFF:
CHORUS:
PHASER:
TREMOLO:
DELAY:
20
When no effect is selected, no EFFECT indicator is lit.
A shimmering, broadening effect
Adds a sweeping effect to the sound.
Tremolo effect
Echo effect
P-90 Selecting & Playing Voices
Releasing the [REVERB] button changes the reverb type.
If you are changing the reverb
depth by holding the [REVERB]
button, pressing the [REVERB]
button will not change the
reverb type.
depth 0: no effect
depth 20: maximum reverb
depth
depth
Default depth settings are different for each voice.
The default effect type (including OFF) and depth settings are
different for each voice.
Procedure
To select an effect type press the [EFFECT] button a few times until the indicator corresponding to the desired type lights (the indicators light in sequence each time you press
the [EFFECT] button). No effect is produced when all indicators are off.
Adjusting Effect Depth
You can adjust the effect depth for the selected voice by
using the [–/NO] and [+/YES] buttons while holding the
[EFFECT] button.
The depth range is from 0 through 20. The current depth
setting appears on the LED display while the [EFFECT]
button is held.
Releasing the [EFFECT] button
changes the effect type.
If you are changing the depth
settings by holding the
[EFFECT] button, pressing the
[EFFECT] button will not
change the effect type.
depth 0: no effect
depth 20: maximum effect
depth
Default depth settings are different for each voice.
ENGLISH
depth
Touch Sensitivity – [TOUCH]
You can select four different types of keyboard touch sensitivity — HARD, MEDIUM, SOFT or FIXED
— to match different playing styles and preferences.
HARD:
MEDIUM:
SOFT:
FIXED:
Requires that the keys be played quite hard to produce maximum loudness.
Produces a fairly “standard” keyboard response.
Allows maximum loudness to be produced with relatively light key pressure.
All notes are produced at the same volume no matter how hard the keyboard is played.
You can adjust the volume.
This setting does not change
the weight of the keyboard.
Normal setting = MEDIUM
The touch sensitivity type will
become the common setting for
all voices. However, the touch
sensitivity settings may have little or no effect with certain
voices that are not normally
responsive to keyboard dynamics. (Refer to the “Preset Voice
List” on page 50.)
[–/NO] [+/YES]
MIN
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
[TOUCH]
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
METRONOME
FUNCTION
– / NO
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
+ / YES
PRESET
TRACK
SONG
START/
STOP
REC
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
TRANSPOSE
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
E. PIANO
1
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
STRINGS
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VOICE
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
Procedure
To select a touch sensitivity type press the [TOUCH] button a few times until the indicator corresponding to the desired type lights (the indicators light in sequence each time
the [TOUCH] button is pressed). No indicator is lit when “FIXED” is selected.
P-90 Selecting & Playing Voices
21
Changing the volume when FIXED is selected
When you select FIXED, you can set the volume for notes
played in FIXED mode by using the [–/NO] and [+/YES] buttons while you hold the [TOUCH] button. The current volume level appears on the display. The volume range is from 1
through 127. The default setting is 64.
1: minimum volume
127: maximum volume
volume range
The touch volume set in FIXED
mode will become the common
setting for all voices.
ENGLISH
Releasing the [TOUCH] button
changes the touch type.
If you are changing the volume
by holding the [TOUCH] button,
pressing the [TOUCH] button
will not change the touch sensitivity type. (FIXED mode will
remain selected.)
Transposition – [TRANSPOSE]
The P-90’s Transpose function makes it possible to shift the pitch of the entire keyboard up or down
in semitone intervals to facilitate playing in difficult key signatures, and to let you easily match the
pitch of the keyboard to the range of a singer or other instruments. For example, if you set the
transposition amount to “5,” playing key C produces pitch F. In this way, you can play a song as
though it were in C major, and the P-90 will transpose it to the key of F.
[–/NO] [+/YES]
MIN
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
[TRANSPOSE]
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
FUNCTION
METRONOME
– / NO
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
+ / YES
PRESET
TRACK
SONG
START/
STOP
REC
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
TRANSPOSE
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
E. PIANO
1
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
STRINGS
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VOICE
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
Procedure
Use the [–/NO] and [+/YES] button while holding the
[TRANSPOSE] button to transpose down or up as required.
The amount of transposition appears on the LED display
while the [TRANSPOSE] button is held. The default transpose
setting is “0”.
transposition
The [TRANSPOSE] button indicator remains lit when a transpose setting other than
“0” is selected. Every time the [TRANSPOSE] button is pressed after that switches the
transpose function ON or OFF.
Transpose:
Changing the key signature of a
song. On the P-90, transposing
shifts the pitch of the entire keyboard.
The transposition range:
–12: –12 semitones
(down one octave)
0:
normal pitch
12: 12 semitones
(up one octave)
Notes below and above the A-1
…. C7 range of the P-90 sound
one octave higher and lower,
respectively.
22
P-90 Selecting & Playing Voices
Combining Two Voices (Dual mode)
You can play two voices simultaneously across the entire range of the keyboard. In this way, you
can simulate a melody duet or combine two similar voices to create a thicker sound.
MIN
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
FUNCTION
METRONOME
– / NO
+ / YES
PRESET
START/
STOP
TRACK
REC
SONG
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
TRANSPOSE
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
2
E. PIANO
1
STRINGS
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VOICE
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
Procedure
1. Engage Dual mode.
Press two voice buttons at the same time (or press one voice button while holding another). The voice indicators of both selected voices will light when Dual
mode is active.
• According to the voice numbering
priority shown in the diagram on
the right, the lower value voice
number will be designated as Voice
1 (the other voice will be designated as Voice 2).
Voice numbering priority
1
2
3
4
5
6
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
E. PIANO
1
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
STRINGS
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
11
12
VOICE
7
8
9
10
The P-90 Function mode provides access to a number of other Dual mode functions, such as volume balance setting or octave setting (page 37). (If you do not
set Dual mode functions, the appropriate setting will be set in each voice by
default.)
2. Exit Dual mode and return to normal play mode.
To return to the normal single-voice play mode, press any single voice button.
Dual and Split (page 24) modes
cannot be engaged at the same
time.
ENGLISH
1
[VARIATION] in Dual Mode
The [VARIATION] button’s indicator will light if the variation is
engaged for either or both of the
Dual mode voices. While Dual
mode is engaged, the [VARIATION] button can be used to
turn the variation for both voices
on or off.
To turn the variation on or off for
only one of the voices, hold the
voice button for the other voice
and press the button of the voice
for which you want to change
the variation.
[REVERB] in Dual Mode
The reverb type assigned to
Voice 1 will take priority over the
other. (If the reverb is set to OFF,
Voice 2 reverb type will be in
effect.) Reverb depth setting via
the panel controls (i.e., pressing
the [–/NO] or [+/YES] buttons
while holding the [REVERB] button — see page 20) will be
applied only to Voice 1.
[EFFECT] in Dual Mode
Depending on the conditions,
one effect type may take priority
over the other. Depth will be
decided according to the depth
default value of the voice combination. However, using function
F3 (page 37) you can adjust the
depth value for each voice to
your liking.
Effect depth setting via the panel
controls (i.e., pressing the [–/
NO] or [+/YES] buttons while
holding the [EFFECT] button —
see page 20) will be applied only
to Voice 1.
P-90 Selecting & Playing Voices
23
Splitting the Keyboard Range and Playing Two Different Voices (Split mode)
Split mode enables you to play two different voices on the keyboard — one with the left hand and
another with the right hand. For example, you can play a bass part using the Wood Bass or Electric
Bass voice with the left hand, and a melody with the right hand.
[VOICE]
MIN
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
FUNCTION
ENGLISH
METRONOME
– / NO
+ / YES
PRESET
TRACK
START/
STOP
REC
SONG
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
TRANSPOSE
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
E. PIANO
1
STRINGS
[SPLIT]
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VOICE
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
Procedure
1. Engage Split mode.
Press the [SPLIT] button so that its indicator lights. The default setting (WOOD
BASE) will be selected for the left-hand voice at first.
The Function mode provides access to a number of other Split mode functions
(page 38). (If you make no settings for Split mode functions, the appropriate
setting will be set in each voice by default.)
Dual (page 23) and Split
(page 23) modes cannot be
engaged simultaneously.
2. Specify the split point (the border between the
right-and left-hand range).
You can change the split point to any other key by pressing the key while holding the [SPLIT] button (the name of the current split-point key appears on the
LED display while the [SPLIT] button is held).
An example of split-point key display
(F 2)
(G2)
followed by a high bar if sharp
(A 2)
followed by a low bar if flat
The split point is initially set at the F 2 key by default.
If you do not need to change the split point, skip this procedure.
3. Select a voice for the right hand.
Press a voice button.
4. Select a voice for the left hand.
Press the corresponding voice button while holding the [SPLIT] button. (The
indicator of the Left Voice button will light while the [SPLIT] button is pressed.)
To turn the variation on or off for the split voice, hold the [SPLIT] button and
press the [VARIATION] button or the currently-selected voice button.
24
P-90 Selecting & Playing Voices
A specified “split point” key is
included in the left-hand range.
The split point can also be set
via Function 4 (page 38).
[VARIATION] in Split Mode
You can turn the variation on or
off for Split mode voices. Normally, the voice indicator of the
right voice lights in Split mode.
The [VARIATION] can be used
to turn the variation for the right
voice on or off as required.
While the [SPLIT] button is
held, however, the voice indicator of the left voice lights. In this
state the [VARIATION] button
turns the variation for the left
voice on or off.
[REVERB] in Split Mode
The reverb type assigned to the
right voice will take priority over
the other. (If the reverb is set to
OFF, the left voice’s reverb type
will be in effect.) Reverb depth
setting via the panel controls
(i.e. pressing the [–/NO] or [+/
YES] buttons while holding the
[REVERB] button — see
page 20) will be applied to the
right voice only.
5. Exit Split mode and return to normal play mode.
[EFFECT] in Split Mode
Depending on the conditions,
one effect type will take priority
over the other. The depth will be
decided according to the depth
default value of the voice combination. However, using function
F4 (page 38) you can change
the depth value for each voice
as you like. Effect depth setting
via the panel controls (i.e.
pressing the [–/NO] or [+/YES]
buttons while holding the
[EFFECT] button — see
page 20) will be applied to the
right voice only.
Using the Metronome
ENGLISH
Press the [SPLIT] button again so that its indicator goes out.
The P-90 features a built-in metronome (a device that keeps an accurate tempo) that is convenient
for practicing.
1
2
MIN
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
[TEMPO/FUNCTION# ▲▼]
[–/NO] [+/YES]
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
FUNCTION
METRONOME
– / NO
+ / YES
PRESET
TRACK
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
SONG
START/
STOP
REC
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
TRANSPOSE
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
E. PIANO
1
STRINGS
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VOICE
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
Procedure
1. Start the metronome.
The metronome sound is turned on by pressing
the METRONOME [START/STOP] button.
The beat indicator flashes
at the current tempo.
Adjusting the tempo
The tempo of the metronome and user song recorder playback (the recorder is
described in the next section) can be set from 32 to 280 beats per minute by
using the [TEMPO/FUNCTION# ▼, ▲] buttons (when the [FUNCTION] button
indicator is dark).
If the [FUNCTION] button indicator is lit, press the [FUNCTION] button to dark it.
Adjusting the time signature
The time signature (beat) of the metronome can be
set by using the [–/NO] and [+/YES] buttons while
holding the METRONOME [START/STOP] button.
You can set the beat to 0, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6. The current
setting appears on the LED display while you are
holding the METRONOME [START/STOP] button.
beat
The volume of the metronome
can be adjusted via the Metronome Volume function in Function mode (page 39).
2. Stop the metronome.
Turn off the metronome by pressing the METRONOME [START/STOP] button.
P-90 Selecting & Playing Voices
25
Recording Your Performance
The ability to record and play back what you’ve played on the P-90
keyboard can be an effective practice aid. You can, for example, record
just the left-hand part, and then practice the right-hand part while
playing back the recorded left-hand part. Or, since you can record up
to two tracks separately, you could record the left- and right-hand parts
separately, or record both parts of a duet and hear how they sound
when played back. The P-90’s two-track Song Recorder allows the
recording of one User Song.
You can record your performance (audio data) to a cassette tape recorder or other
recording device via the OUTPUT connector (page 10).
ENGLISH
Recording vs. Saving:
The format of performance data
recorded on a cassette tape differs from that of data recorded
on the P-90. A cassette tape
records audio signals. The P-90
“saves” information regarding
note timing, voices, and a
tempo value, but not audio signals. When you play back
recorded songs, the P-90 produces sound based on the
saved information. Therefore,
recording on the P-90 may be
more accurately called “saving
information.” However, this book
often uses the word “recording”
because it seems to make more
sense.
Recording to the First Track
3 4 5 6
MIN
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
FUNCTION
METRONOME
– / NO
+ / YES
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
PRESET
TRACK
SONG
START/
STOP
REC
1
2
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
TRANSPOSE
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
E. PIANO
1
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
STRINGS
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VOICE
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
Procedure
CAUTION
Notes on recording
All user song recorder data will be retained in memory for about one week after
the power is turned off. If you want to keep your recorded data for longer periods of time, turn the power on for a few minutes at least once a week.
It is also possible to store the data to an external MIDI storage device such as the
Yamaha MIDI Data Filer MDF3 by using the Bulk Data Dump function described
on page 42.
1. Make all the initial settings.
Before you begin to record, select the voice you want to record (or voices if you
will be using Dual or Split mode). Make any other desired settings (tempo,
reverb, etc.) as well. You might also want to set the volume.
You can also adjust the playback volume using [MASTER VOLUME].
26
P-90 Recording Your Performance
When the unit is in Demo Song
or Preset Song mode, Record
mode cannot be engaged.
To avoid erasing data from
the track:
Press the [TRACK1/2] button. If
the indicator lights up green, the
track already contains data.
Note that the existing data will
be erased if you record new
data on the track.
2. Engage Record Ready mode.
The amount of memory available for recording:
This value in kilobytes (a unit
used of measurement for data)
indicates how much space
remains available for recording
on the P-90. You can record up
to a maximum of about 9,400
notes on the P-90 depending on
pedal usage and other factors.
flash
Record Ready mode can be disengaged before recording by pressing the [REC]
button a second time.
3. Select the record track.
When Record mode is engaged in the previous step, the last-recorded track will
automatically be selected for recording and its indicator — i.e. the [TRACK1] or
[TRACK2] button indicator — will glow red. If you want to record on a different
track, press the appropriate track button so that its indicator glows red.
4. Start recording.
Recording will begin automatically as soon as you play a note on the keyboard
or press the SONG [START/STOP] button. The current measure number will
appear on the display while recording.
If the metronome was on when
you started recording, you’ll be
able to keep time with the metronome while recording, but the
metronome sound will not be
recorded.
ENGLISH
Press the [REC] button to engage Record Ready
mode. Recording does not actually start yet.
The [TRACK1] or the [TRACK2] indicator flashes in
red.
The amount of memory available for recording will
be shown on the LED display in approximate kilobytes, and the right-most dot on the LED display
will flash at the current METRONOME tempo setting.
For more recording information,
see page 28.
The record track indicator will
begin to flash when the recorder
memory is almost full. If the
memory becomes full during
recording, “FUL” will appear on
the display and recording will
stop automatically. (All recorded
data up to that point will be
retained.)
5. Stop recording.
Press either the [REC] or SONG [START/STOP] button to stop recording.
The indicator of the recorded track will glow green to indicate that it now contains data. (Record mode is disengaged automatically.)
Pressing the SONG [START/
STOP] button to start recording,
then pressing it again to stop
recording will erase all previously-recorded data on the
selected track.
6. Play back the recorded performance.
Press the SONG[START/STOP] button to play back the recorded performance.
To stop playback in the middle of a song, press the SONG[START/STOP] button.
Re-recording to the First Track
This section explains how to record again in case your performance was not satisfactory.
1. Select a voice or voices (and other settings) for recording, if necessary.
Repeat Step 1 on page 26 if you wish to change the previous settings.
2. Re-engage Record Ready mode.
Press the [REC] button, again.
The selected track’s indicator flashes in red.
If you want to change the
tempo, time signature, reverb
type, or effect type when rerecording a track or when
recording to another track, do
so after you engage Record
Ready mode (step 2).
Follow the procedure from Step 4 above to re-record.
You cannot re-record in the
middle of a song.
P-90 Recording Your Performance
27
Recording to the Second Track
This section explains how to record another part on the second track.
1. Select a voice or voices (and other settings) for the recording.
Select a voice (or voices) for recording. Select other settings, if necessary.
ENGLISH
2. Re-engage Record Ready mode.
Press the [REC] button again.
The selected track’s indicator flashes in red.
3. Select a recording track.
Select a track that you have not already used for recording. The selected track’s indicator lights up red. (The indicator of a track that contains previously-recorded data
will glow green.)
You can record new sounds and notes on each pass while listening to the recorded
track.
Follow the procedure from Step 5 on page 27 to record.
The user song recorder records the following data:
Data in addition to the notes and voices you play is recorded.
This data includes “Individual Tracks” and “Entire Song.” See below.
Individual Tracks
• Notes played
• Voice selection
• [VARIATION] ON/OFF
• Pedal (Sustain)
• [REVERB] depth
• [EFFECT] depth
• Dual mode voices
Entire Song
• Tempo
• Time signature (beat)
28
P-90 Recording Your Performance
•
•
•
•
•
•
Dual balance (F3)
Dual detune (F3)
Dual octave shift (F3)
Split mode voices
Split balance (F4)
Split octave shift (F4)
• [REVERB] type (including OFF)
• [EFFECT] type (including OFF)
If you want to change the
tempo, time signature, reverb
type, or effect type when rerecording a track or when
recording to another track, do
so after entering Record Ready
mode (step 2).
If you don’t want to hear the
previously-recorded track while
you record (for example, when
you want to record a song different from what you recorded on
the previous track), press the
playback track button before
pressing the [REC] button (step
2, on page 27, 28) so that its
indicator is turned off.
Changing the Initial Settings (Data recorded at the
beginning of a song)
The initial settings (data recorded at the beginning of a song) can be changed after the recording.
For example, after recording, you can change the voice to create a different ambience or adjust the
song tempo to your taste.
You can change the following initial settings.
ENGLISH
Individual Tracks
• Voice selection
• [VARIATION] ON/OFF
• [REVERB] depth
• [EFFECT] depth
• Dual mode voices
• Split mode voices
Entire Song
• Tempo
• Time signature (beat)
• [REVERB] type (including OFF)
• [EFFECT] type (including OFF)
1. Engage Record mode and select a track to change the initial settings.
The indicator glows red. (Data shared by two tracks can be changed via either track.)
2. Change the settings via the panel controls.
For example, if you wish to change the recorded voice from [E. PIANO 1] to
[E. PIANO 2], press the [E. PIANO 2] button.
Be careful not to press the SONG [START/STOP] button or a key on the keyboard,
either of which will start recording and erase all previously-recorded data on the
selected track.
You can cancel changes made
to the initial settings by selecting a different track after Step 2,
then exiting Record mode during Step 3 without pressing the
[REC] button. (Changes made
to the data shared by two tracks
are also canceled.)
3. Press the [REC] button to exit Record mode.
Be careful not to press the SONG [START/STOP] button or a key on the keyboard,
either of which will start recording and erase all previously-recorded data on the
selected track.
P-90 Recording Your Performance
29
Playing Back Recorded Songs
You can play back songs recorded using the Record function
(pages 26–29). You can also play the keyboard along with the playback.
Song data is not transmitted via
the MIDI connectors.
Playing Back a Song
ENGLISH
1 2
MIN
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
FUNCTION
METRONOME
– / NO
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
+ / YES
PRESET
TRACK
START/
STOP
SONG
REC
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
TRANSPOSE
Procedure
1. Start playback.
Press the SONG [START/STOP] button.
The current measure number appears on the display during playback.
• You can play the keyboard while the P-90 is playing back a song. You can also
play the notes in a voice different from the playback voice by selecting a voice
from the panel.
Adjust the volume
Use the [MASTER VOLUME] control to adjust the volume.
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
E. PIANO
1
STRINGS
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VOICE
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
When the unit is in Demo Song
or Preset Song mode, you cannot play back recorded songs.
The track indicators will not light
up green automatically when
the power is turned on to the P90, even if the user song
recorder contains data. Make
sure that you press the track
buttons before you start playback.
Playback cannot be started
when the recorder contains no
data.
Adjust the tempo
You can use the [TEMPO/FUNCTION# ▼, ▲] buttons to adjust the playback
tempo as required before or during playback. The default tempo (the song’s
original tempo) is set when you press the [▼] and [▲] buttons simultaneously.
2. Stop playback.
When playback is complete, the P-90 automatically stops and locates the top of
the song. To stop playback in the middle of a song, press the SONG [START/
STOP] button.
You can also enjoy playing
duets with yourself by recording
one part of a duet or a song for
two pianos, then playing the
other part while the recorded
part plays back.
If the metronome is being used
during playback, the metronome will automatically stop
when playback is stopped.
If the REVERB type is changed
via the panel controls during
playback, both the playback and
keyboard reverb effects will be
changed.
If the EFFECT type is changed
via the panel controls during
playback, the playback effect may
be switched off in some cases.
30
P-90 Playing Back Recorded Songs
Useful Playback Functions
Starting playback automatically when you start playing the keyboard
(Synchro Start)
You can start playback as soon as you start playing the keyboard. This is called the
“Synchro Start” function.
To engage the Synchro Start function, press the SONG [START/STOP] button while
holding a track button that is ON.
The right-most dot on the display will flash at the current
tempo.
(Repeat the previous operation to disengage the Synchro
Start function.)
Tracks can be turned on or off
before or during playback.
If both tracks are turned off on
the P-90, playback will not start
(or the playback will stop).
You can adjust the volume of a
part of a song from “50 Greats
for the Piano” for which playback is turned off
(pages 16, 39).
During recorder playback, the
volume of a track that is turned
off will always be “0.”
Flash
Playback will then start as soon as you begin playing on the keyboard.
ENGLISH
Turning track playback on and off
When you select a song on the P-90, the indicators for tracks that contain
data (one of [TRACK1] [TRACK2] or both) are lit in green. While the P-90 is playing or
stopped, pressing these track buttons turns off the indicators, and the data on those
tracks is not played. Pressing the track buttons toggles track playback on and off.
If you press the SONG [START/
STOP] button while holding
down a track button that is OFF,
track playback is turned on and
the Synchro Start function is
placed on stand-by.
This function is useful when you wish to match the timing of the beginning of the playback sound and the start of your own performance.
Synchro:
Synchronous; occurring at the
same time
P-90 Playing Back Recorded Songs
31
Detailed Settings – [FUNCTION]
You can set various parameters to make the best use of P-90 functions, such as fine tuning the pitch, selecting a voice for
the metronome, repeating playback, etc.
The following parameters are available.
The P-90 has nine main functions.
Some of these main functions consist of a set of sub-modes.
Parameter List
ENGLISH
Function
P-90
Reference page
Fine Tuning of the Pitch
—
F1
35
Selecting a Scale
Scale
F2.1
36
Base Note
F2.2
36
Dual Balance
F3.1
37
Dual Mode Functions
Split Mode Functions
Other Functions
Dual Detune
F3.2
37
Voice 1 Octave Shift
F3.3
37
Voice 2 Octave Shift
F3.4
37
Voice 1 Effect Depth
F3.5
37
Voice 2 Effect Depth
F3.6
37
Reset
F3.7
37
Split Point
F4.1
38
Split Balance
F4.2
38
Right Voice Octave Shift
F4.3
38
Left Voice Octave Shift
F4.4
38
Right Voice Effect Depth
F4.5
38
Left Voice Effect Depth
F4.6
38
Sustain Pedal Range
F4.7
38
Reset
F4.8
38
Sustain Sample Depth
F5.1
39
Keyoff Sample Volume
F5.2
39
F6
39
Metronome Volume
—
Preset Song Part Cancel Volume
—
F7
39
MIDI Functions
MIDI Transmit Channel Selection
F8.1
40
MIDI Receive Channel Selection
F8.2
40
Local Control ON/OFF
F8.3
40
Program Change ON/OFF
F8.4
41
Control Change ON/OFF
F8.5
41
MIDI Transmit Transpose
F8.6
41
Panel/Status Transmit
F8.7
41
Backup Functions
32
Sub-Mode
P-90 Detailed Settings – [FUNCTION]
Bulk Data Dump
F8.8
42
Voice
F9.1
42
MIDI
F9.2
42
Tuning
F9.3
42
Others
F9.4
42
Basic Procedure in Function Mode
Follow the steps below to use the functions.
(If you become lost while using a function, return to this page and read the basic procedure.)
2 4
MIN
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
1
5 3 4
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
FUNCTION
METRONOME
– / NO
+ / YES
PRESET
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
TRACK
SONG
START/
STOP
REC
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
TRANSPOSE
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
E. PIANO
1
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
STRINGS
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VOICE
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
ENGLISH
Procedure
1. Engage Function mode.
Press the [FUNCTION] button so that its [FUNCTION] indicator lights.
will appear on the display. (The indication of “
the status of the unit and usage.)
” varies depending on
Functions cannot be selected
during Demo/Preset Song
mode or when the user song
recorder is in operation.
2. Select a function.
Use the [TEMPO/FUNCTION# ▼, ▲] buttons to select the desired function
from F1–F9.
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
FUNCTION
To cancel the function in Step 2,
3, or 4, press the [TEMPO/
FUNCTION# ▼, ▲] button any
time to exit Function mode.
3. Use the [–/NO] [+/YES] buttons.
If the function does not include sub-modes, start setting the parameters.
If the function includes sub-modes, press the [+/YES] button once to enter the
respective sub-mode.
4. Operate the desired function using the following
After you select the function, the
current setting will be displayed
when the [–/NO] or [+/YES] button is pressed for the first time.
two buttons.
1 [TEMPO/FUNCTION# ▼, ▲]
Selects the desired function/sub-mode.
2 [–/NO] or [+/YES]
After you select the desired function or sub-mode, set the ON/OFF, select
the type, or change the value, accordingly.
Depending on the setting, the default setting (which is used when you
first turn on the power to the P-90) is recalled by pressing the [–/NO] and
[+/YES] buttons simultaneously.
P-90 Detailed Settings – [FUNCTION]
33
Operation Example 1 (F1. Fine tuning of the pitch)
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
START/
STOP
FUNCTION
Engage Function mode.
– /NO
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
LCD indication
FUNCTION
Select a desired function.
LCD indication
+/ YES
Change the value.
ENGLISH
Operation Example 2 (F3.1 “Dual Balance”)
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
START/
STOP
FUNCTION
Engage function mode.
Engage the respective
sub-mode.
LCD indication
FUNCTION
Select a desired function.
START/
STOP
+ / YES
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
LCD indication
FUNCTION
Select a desired sub-mode.
LCD indication
– / NO
+ / YES
Change the value.
5. Do the following when you finish using the function.
Press the [FUNCTION] button to exit function mode. The [FUNCTION] button indicator will go dark.
34
P-90 Detailed Settings – [FUNCTION]
About Each Function
F1. Fine Tuning of the Pitch
1. Engage Function mode and select
.
2. Use the [–/NO] and [+/YES] buttons to lower
or raise the pitch of the A3 key in approximately 0.2 Hz increments.
.....
.....
Tenths of a hertz are indicated on the LED display by
the appearance and position of one or two dots, as in
the following example:
Display
You can also tune in about 1Hz steps (in any mode other
than Function mode).
To tune down or up, respectively, in approximately 1 Hz
increments: Hold the A-1 and A-1 keys (a white and a black
key at the left end) or A-1 and B-1 keys (two white keys at the
left end) simultaneously and press the [–/NO] or [+/YES] button.
To restore standard pitch: Hold the A-1 and A-1 keys (a
white and a black key at the left end) or A-1 and B-1 keys (two
white keys at the left end) simultaneously and press the [–/
NO] [+/YES] buttons simultaneously.
(During the procedure described above, the display indicates a value in Hz <
…
>. After the procedure, the display returns to the previous indication.)
ENGLISH
You can fine tune the pitch of the entire instrument. This function is useful when you play
the P-90 along with other instruments or CD
music.
Value
440.0
Setting range:
440.2
427.0–453.0 (Hz)
440.4
Normal setting:
440.6
440.0 (Hz)
440.8
Hz (Hertz):
This unit of measurement refers to the frequency of a sound
and represents the number of times a sound wave vibrates in
a second.
You can also use the keyboard to set the pitch (in any
mode other than Function mode).
To tune up (in about 0.2Hz steps): Hold the A-1 and B-1
keys (two white keys at the left end) simultaneously and press
any key between C3 and B3.
To tune down (in about 0.2Hz steps): Hold the A-1 and A-1
keys (a white and a black key at the left end) simultaneously
and press any key between C3 and B3.
To restore standard pitch: Hold the A-1, A -1 and B-1 (two
white keys and one black key at the left end) simultaneously
and press any key between C3 and B3.
• Refer to “Part Names” on page 12 for information on
the key and key name assignment.
(During the procedure described above, the display indicates a value in Hz <
…
>. After the procedure, the display returns to the previous indication.)
P-90 Detailed Settings – [FUNCTION]
35
F2. Selecting a Scale
You can select various scales.
Equal Temperament is the most common contemporary piano tuning scale. However, history has known numerous other scales, many
of which serve as the basis for certain genres of
music.
ENGLISH
1. Engage Function mode and select
.
2. Press the [+/YES] button to engage the scale
function’s sub-mode, then use the [TEMPO/
FUNCTION# ▼, ▲] buttons to select the
desired sub-mode.
Press the [–/NO] and [+/YES] buttons to select
the number of the desired tuning.
Sub-mode
F2.1: Scale
Setting range:
1: Equal Temperament
2: Pure Major
3: Pure Minor
4: Pythagorean
5: Mean Tone
6: Werckmeister
7: Kirnberger
Normal setting: 1: Equal Temperament
F2.2: Base Note
If you select a scale other than Equal Temperament, you
need to specify the root. (You can specify the root note
with Equal Temperament selected, but it is not effective.
The base note setting is effective for tunings other than
the Equal Temperament tuning.)
Setting range:
Normal setting:
• Root indication example
(F)
(G)
followed by
a high bar if sharp
36
(A )
followed by
a low bar if flat
P-90 Detailed Settings – [FUNCTION]
Equal:
One octave is divided into twelve equal intervals. Currently the
most popular piano tuning scale.
PureMajor/PureMinor:
Based on natural overtones, three major chords using these
scales produce a beautiful, pure sound. They are sometimes
used for chorus parts.
Pythagorean:
This scale, designed by Pythagoras, a Greek philosopher, is
based on the interval of a perfect 5th.
The 3rd produces swells, but the 4th and 5th are beautiful and
suitable for some leads.
MeanTone:
This scale is an improvement of the Pythagorean in that the
swell of the 3rd has been eliminated. The scale became popular during the late 16th century through the late 18th century,
and was used by Handel.
WerckMeister/KirnBerger:
These scales combine Mean Tone and Pythagorean in different ways. With these scales, modulation changes the impression and feel of the songs. They were often used in the era of
Bach and Beethoven. They are often used today to reproduce
the music of that era on harpsichords.
You can set various parameters for Dual mode
to optimize the settings for the songs you play,
such as adjusting the volume balance between
two voices.
Dual mode function settings are set individually for each voice combination.
1. Select the voices in Dual mode and engage
Function mode and select
.
2. Press the [+/YES] button to engage the Dual
mode function’s sub-mode, then use the
[TEMPO/FUNCTION# ▼, ▲] buttons to select
the desired sub-mode. Press the [–/NO] [+/
YES] button to assign values.
If Dual mode is not engaged,
will appear instead of
and you will be unable to select Dual mode functions.
You can switch from Function mode to Dual mode.
Sub-mode
F3.3: Voice 1 Octave Shift
F3.4: Voice 2 Octave Shift
Setting range: –1, 0, 1
Normal setting: Different for each voice combination.
You can shift the pitch up and down in octave steps for
Voice 1 and Voice 2 independently. Depending on which
voices you combine in Dual mode, the combination may
sound better if one of the voices is shifted up or down an
octave.
F3.5: Voice 1 Effect Depth
F3.6: Voice 2 Effect Depth
Setting range: 0 – 20
Normal setting: Different for each voice combination.
These functions make it possible to individually set the
depth of the effect for Voices 1 and 2 for Dual mode.
(The effect depth settings cannot be changed unless the
[EFFECT] is ON. Function mode must be exited before
the [EFFECT] can be turned ON.)
ENGLISH
F3. Dual Mode Functions
• “Voice 1” and “Voice 2” are explained on page 23.
F3.1: Dual Balance
Setting range: 0 – 20
A setting of “10” produces an equal balance between
the two Dual mode voices. Settings below “10”
increase the volume of Voice 2 in relation to Voice 1,
and settings above “10” increase the volume of Voice 1
in relation to Voice 2.
Normal setting: Different for each voice combination.
You can set one voice as the main voice, and another
voice as a softer, mixed voice.
F3.2: Dual Detune
F3.7: Reset
This function resets all Dual mode functions to their
default values. Press the [+/YES] button to reset the values.
SHORTCUT:
You can jump directly to the Dual mode functions
by
pressing the [FUNCTION] button while holding the two Dual
mode voice buttons.
Even if you entered a Function mode via a shortcut, you must
use the usual method to exit (i.e., press [FUNCTION] button
to make the function indicator go dark).
Setting range: -10 – 0 – 10
With positive values, the pitch of Voice 1 is raised and
the pitch of Voice 2 is lowered. With negative values,
the pitch of Voice 1 is lowered and the pitch of Voice 2
is raised.
The available setting range is wider in the lower range (± 60
cents for A-1), and narrower in the higher range (± 5 cents for
C7). (100 cents equal one semitone.)
Normal setting: Different for each voice combination.
Detune Voice 1 and Voice 2 for Dual mode to create a
thicker sound.
P-90 Detailed Settings – [FUNCTION]
37
F4. Split Mode Functions
This menu enables you to make various
detailed settings for Split mode.
By changing the split point or other setting,
you can optimize the settings for the songs
you play.
ENGLISH
1. Select the voices in Split mode and engage
Function mode and select
.
2. Press the [+/YES] button to engage the Split
mode function’s sub-mode, then use the
[TEMPO/FUNCTION# ▼, ▲] buttons to select
the desired sub-mode. Press the [–/NO] [+/
YES] button to assign values.
F4.3: Right Voice Octave Shift
F4.4: Left Voice Octave Shift
Setting range: –1, 0, 1
Normal setting: Different for each voice combination
You can shift the pitch up and down in octave steps for
the Right Voice and Left Voice independently. Make a setting depending on the note range of the songs you play.
You can make these settings for each combination of
voices individually.
F4.5: Right Voice Effect Depth
If Split mode is not engaged,
will appear instead of
and you will be unable to select Split mode functions.
Also note that you must exit Function mode before you can
engage Split mode.
Sub-mode
F4.1: Split Point
Setting range: The entire keyboard
Normal setting: F 2
Set the point on the keyboard that separates the right and
left-hand sections (split point). The pressed key is
included in the left-hand range.
• Instead of pressing the [–/NO] [+/YES] buttons, you
can engage the split point by pressing the appropriate
key on the keyboard.
• If Function mode is not engaged, you can change the
split point to any other key by pressing the key while
holding the [SPLIT] button (page 24).
• An example of a key name indication for a split point
(F2)
(G2)
followed by
a high bar if sharp
(A 2)
followed by
a low bar if flat
F4.2: Split Balance
Setting range: 0 – 20
A setting of “10” produces an equal balance between
the two Split mode voices. Settings below “10”
increase the volume of the left voice in relation to the
right voice, and settings above “10” increase the volume of the right voice in relation to the left voice.
Normal setting: Different for each voice combination.
38
The volume level of the two voices combined in Split
mode can be adjusted as required.
You can make this setting for each combination of the
songs you play.
P-90 Detailed Settings – [FUNCTION]
F4.6: Left Voice Effect Depth
Setting range: 0 – 20
Normal setting: Different for each voice combination
These functions make it possible to individually set the
depth of the effect for the left and right Split mode
voices.
You can make these settings for each combination of
voices individually.
The effect depth settings cannot be changed unless the
[EFFECT] is ON. You must exit Function mode before
you can turn on an [EFFECT].
F4.7: Sustain Pedal Range
Setting range:
ALL (for both voices)
1 (for the right Voice)
2 (for the left Voice)
Normal setting: ALL
The Sustain Pedal Range function determines whether
the sustain pedal affects the right voice, the left voice, or
both the left and right voices in Split mode.
F4.8: Reset
This function resets all Split mode functions to their
default values. Press the [+/YES] button to reset the values.
SHORTCUT:
You can jump directly to Split mode functions
by pressing the [FUNCTION] button while holding the [SPLIT] button.
Even if you entered a Function mode via a shortcut, you must
use the usual method to exit (i.e., press [FUNCTION] button
to make the function indicator go dark).
F6. Metronome Volume
This function conveniently lets you set operation of the sustain pedal to one of the modes
listed below.
1. Engage Function mode and select
.
2. Press the [+/YES] button to engage the other
functions’ sub-mode, then use the [TEMPO/
FUNCTION# ▼, ▲] buttons to select the
desired sub-mode.
Press the [–/NO] or [+/YES] button to select
the desired pedal function or assign the values.
Sub-mode
F5.3 Sustain Sample Depth
Setting range: 0 – 20
Normal setting: 12
The [GRAND PIANO 1] voices feature special “Sustain
Samples” that recreate the unique resonance of an acoustic grand piano’s soundboard and strings when the sustain pedal is pressed. This function lets you adjust the
depth of this effect.
F5.4 Key-off Sample Volume
Setting range: 0 – 20
Normal setting: 10
You can adjust the volume of the keyoff sound (the subtle sound produced when the keys are released) for voices
[GRAND PIANO1], [CLAVI./HARPSI.] (including their
variations).
You can change the volume of the metronome
sound.
Use this function to adjust the metronome volume.
1. Engage Function mode and select
.
2. Use the [–/NO] and [+/YES] buttons to set the
metronome volume as required.
Setting range: 1 – 20
Normal setting: 10
SHORTCUT:
You can jump directly to the metronome functions
by
pressing the [FUNCTION] button while holding the METRONOME [START/STOP] button.
Even if you entered a Function mode via a shortcut, you must
use the usual method to exit (i.e., press [FUNCTION] button
to make the function indicator go dark).
ENGLISH
F5. Other Functions
F7. Preset Song Part Cancel Volume
This function sets the volume at which a “canceled” part is played during preset song playback. Adjust the part volume to a comfortable
level and use the “canceled” part as a guide
with which to play along.
1. Engage Function mode and select
.
2. Use the [–/NO] and [+/YES] buttons to set the
volume as required.
Setting range: 0 – 20
Normal setting: 5
P-90 Detailed Settings – [FUNCTION]
39
F8.2: MIDI Receive Channel Selection
F8. MIDI Functions
ENGLISH
You can make detailed adjustments to MIDI
settings.
For more information about MIDI, see the
“About MIDI” section (page 44).
The [HOST SELECT] switch on the bottom surface must be
set to “MIDI” to enable the MIDI connectors. When you use the
[TO HOST] connector, set the [HOST SELECT] switch to the
appropriate position for the type of computer you are using
(pages 44–48). In this situation, all MIDI settings described
below will affect the MIDI signal in and out of the [TO HOST]
connector.
1. Engage Function mode and select
.
2. Press the [+/YES] button to engage the MIDI
function’s sub-mode, then use the [TEMPO/
FUNCTION# ▼, ▲] buttons to select the
desired sub-mode.
Press the [–/NO] or [+/YES] button to set a
selected parameter.
Sub-mode
In any MIDI control setup, the MIDI channels of the
transmitting and receiving equipment must be matched
for proper data transfer. This parameter enables you to
specify the channel on which the P-90 receives MIDI
data.
Setting range: ALL, 1&2, 1 – 16
Normal setting: ALL
ALL:
A “Multi-timbre” Receive mode is available. It allows simultaneous reception of different parts on all 16 MIDI channels,
enabling the P-90 to play multi-channel song data received
from a music computer or sequencer.
1&2:
A “1&2” Receive mode is available. It allows simultaneous
reception on channels 1 and 2 only, enabling the P-90 to play
1 and 2 channel song data received from a music computer or
sequencer.
Program change and other like channel messages received
will not affect the P-90’s panel settings or the notes you play
on the keyboard.
No MIDI reception occurs when Demo/Preset Song mode is
engaged.
F8.1: MIDI Transmit Channel Selection
In any MIDI control setup, the MIDI channels of the
transmitting and receiving equipment must be matched
for proper data transfer.
This parameter enables you to specify the channel on
which the P-90 transmits MIDI data.
Setting range: 1 – 16, OFF (not transmitted)
Normal setting: 1
In Dual mode, Voice 1 data is transmitted on its specified
channel. In Split mode, right voice data is transmitted on its
specified channel. In Dual mode, Voice 2 data is transmitted
on the next greater channel number relative to the specified
channel. In Split mode, left voice data is transmitted on the
next greater channel number relative to the specified channel.
In either mode, no data is transmitted if the transmit channel is
set to “OFF”.
Demo/preset song data and recorder playback data are not
transmitted via MIDI.
40
P-90 Detailed Settings – [FUNCTION]
F8.3: Local Control ON/OFF
“Local Control” refers to the fact that, normally, the P-90
keyboard controls its internal tone generator, allowing
the internal voices to be played directly from the keyboard. This situation is “Local Control On,” since the
internal tone generator is controlled locally by its own
keyboard.
Local control can be turned OFF, however, so that the P90 keyboard does not play the internal voices, but the
appropriate MIDI information is still transmitted via the
MIDI OUT connector when notes are played on the keyboard. At the same time, the internal tone generator
responds to MIDI information received via the MIDI IN
connector.
Setting range: ON/OFF
Normal setting: ON
F8.4: Program Change ON/OFF
F8.6: MIDI Transmit Transpose
Normally the P-90 will respond to MIDI program
change numbers received from an external keyboard or
other MIDI device, causing the correspondingly-numbered voice to be selected on the corresponding channel
(the keyboard voice does not change). The P-90 will normally also send a MIDI program change number whenever one of its voices is selected, causing the
correspondingly-numbered voice or program to be
selected on the external MIDI device if the device is set
up to receive and respond to MIDI program change
numbers.
This function makes it possible to cancel program
change number reception and transmission so that
voices can be selected on the P-90 without affecting the
external MIDI device.
This function allows the MIDI note data transmitted by
the P-90 to be transposed up or down in semitone increments by up to plus or minus 12 semitones. The pitch of
the P-90 itself is not affected.
Setting range: -12 – 0 – 12 (in semitones)
Normal setting: 0
For information on program change numbers for each of the
P-90’s voices, refer to page 56 in the MIDI Data Format section.
Setting range: ON/OFF
Normal setting: ON
F8.5: Control Change ON/OFF
Normally the P-90 will respond to MIDI control change
data received from an external MIDI device or keyboard,
causing the voice on the corresponding channel to be
affected by pedal and other “control” settings received
from the controlling device (the keyboard voice is not
affected).
The P-90 also transmits MIDI control change information when the pedal or other appropriate controls are
operated.
This function makes it possible to cancel control change
data reception and transmission so that, for example, the
P-90’s pedal and other controls can be operated without
affecting an external MIDI device.
For information on control changes that can be used with the
P-90, refer to the MIDI Data Format on page 56.
Setting range: ON/OFF
Normal setting: ON
This function causes all the current P-90 panel settings
(selected voice, etc.) to be transmitted via the MIDI OUT
terminal. This is particularly useful if you will be recording performances to a MIDI sequence recorder, such as
the Yamaha MIDI Data Filer MDF3, which will be used
to control the P-90 on playback. By transmitting the P-90
panel settings and recording them on the MIDI sequence
recorder prior to the actual performance data, the P-90
will be automatically restored to the same settings when
the performance is played back.
ENGLISH
F8.7: Panel/Status Transmit
Setup Data:
Data that contains a set of panel settings for the P-90.
Procedure
1. Set up the panel controls as desired.
2. Connect the P-90 to a sequencer via MIDI, and set up
the sequencer so it can receive the setup data.
3. Engage Function mode and select
.
4. Press the [+/YES] button to transmit the panel/status
data.
will appear on the LED display when the data has
been successfully transmitted.
See page 57 for a list of the “Panel Data Contents” transmitted
by this function.
Receiving the transmitted data:
1. Connect the P-90 via MIDI to the device to which the setup
data was transmitted previously.
2. Start sending the setup data from the device.
The P-90 automatically receives the setup data, which will be
reflected in the panel settings.
(For the data to be accepted, the P-90 that receives the setup
data should be the same model as the one that transmitted
the setup data to the sequencer.)
For more information on transmitting and receiving setup data
via MIDI, refer to the owner’s manual for the connected MIDI
device.
P-90 Detailed Settings – [FUNCTION]
41
F8.8: Bulk Data Dump
You can save current song data on the P-90 as MIDI bulk
data by transferring it to a connected MIDI data filer
(such as an MDF3) or a sequencer. To play back the saved
song data, send the bulk data back from the storage
device to the P-90 and follow the usual playback procedure.
Bulk Data:
A complete set or extended sequence of data
ENGLISH
Procedure
1. Record your performance on the P-90.
2. Connect the P-90 to MDF3, a MIDI data filer via
MIDI, and set up the MDF3 so it will receive bulk
data.
3. Engage Function mode and select
.
4. Press the [+/YES] button to begin bulk transmission.
will appear on the LED display when the data has
been successfully transmitted.
No MIDI note/panel data transmission or data reception
occurs during a bulk data dump transmit operation.
Receiving (returning) the transmitted data:
1. Connect the P-90 via MIDI to the device to which the data
was previously transmitted.
2. Start sending the data from the device.
The P-90 automatically receives the data from the unit. (At
this time, any data previously stored in the P-90 will be
erased.)
Then, follow the usual playback procedure.
(For the data to be accepted, the P-90 that receives the data
should be the same model as the one from which the data
was once transmitted to the MIDI data filer.)
F9. Backup Functions
Backup:
You can back up some settings, such as voice selection and
reverb type, so that they will not be lost when you turn off the
power to the P-90.
If the backup function is turned on, the settings at power off
are effective. If the backup function is turned off, the settings
in memory are erased when you turn off the power. In this
case, when you turn on the power to the unit, the default settings (the initial settings) will be used. (The factory setting
default list is found on page 55.)
However, the backup settings themselves, and the contents of
the user song recorder memory, are always backed up.
CAUTION
Even if the backup function is turned on via one of the
functions described below, the data will be retained in
memory for only about one week if the power is not
turned on during this time. If the backup period is
exceeded, all settings will be reset to their default values. If you want to retain the backup settings for
longer periods, be sure to turn the power on for a few
minutes at least once a week.
You can turn the backup function on or off for
each function group (each of the following
sub-mode functions).
1. Engage Function mode and select
2. Press the [+/YES] button to engage the
backup function’s sub-mode, then use the
[TEMPO/FUNCTION# ▼, ▲] buttons to select
the desired sub-mode.
Press the [–/NO] or [+/YES] button to turn the
backup function on or off.
Sub-mode
The reload operation cannot be executed when Demo/Preset
Song mode or the user song recorder is in operation, or when
Function mode is engaged.
F9.1: Voice
F9.2: MIDI
For more information on transmitting and receiving bulk data
via MIDI, refer to the owner’s manual for the connected MIDI
device.
F9.3: Tuning
F9.4: Others
Setting range: ON/OFF
Normal setting: OFF (all groups)
42
P-90 Detailed Settings – [FUNCTION]
.
Description of sub-modes
Voice
ENGLISH
• Voice (Keyboard, Dual, and Split)
• Dual (ON/OFF, Voice, and Dual Functions for each
voice combination)
• Split (ON/OFF, Voice, and Split Functions for each
voice combination)
• Reverb (ON/OFF, Type, and Depth for each voice)
• Effect (ON/OFF, Type, and Depth for each voice)
• Touch Sensitivity (including the FIXED volume)
• Metronome (Beat, Volume <
settings>)
• Preset Song Part Cancel Volume (
settings)
F9.2: MIDI
• The MIDI functions (
settings)
(expect for the
)
F9.3: Tuning
• Transpose
• Tuning (
settings)
• Scale (including base note) (
settings)
F9.4: Others
• Other functions (
)
Factory Preset Recall
All Dual mode, Split mode, reverb, effect, touch sensitivity, tuning settings, and the settings affected by the
Backup Functions can be restored to their original factory preset values by holding the C7 key (right-most key
on the keyboard) while turning the [STANDBY/ON]
switch ON. This also erases all user song recorder data,
and sets all backup on/off settings (F9) to “OFF”. (The
factory setting list is found on page 55.)
P-90 Detailed Settings – [FUNCTION]
43
About MIDI
MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a standard format for
data transmission/reception. It enables the transfer of performance
data and commands between MIDI devices and personal computers.
Using MIDI, you can control a connected MIDI device from the P-90, or
control the P-90 from a connected MIDI device or computer.
ENGLISH
MIDI connectors
IN
MIDI
OUT
HOST SELECT
MIDI
PC-2
MIDI [IN]:
MIDI [OUT]:
Mac
PC-1
MIDI performance data and
commands are transferred in
the form of numeric values.
Since MIDI data that can be
transmitted or received varies
depending on the type of MIDI
device, check the “MIDI Implementation Chart” to find out
what MIDI data and commands
your devices can transmit or
receive. The P-90’s MIDI Implementation Chart appears on
page 60.
Receives MIDI data.
Transmits MIDI data.
When you are using the MIDI
connectors, set the [HOST
SELECT] switch to “MIDI”
(page 47).
MIDI cables
Prepare dedicated MIDI cables.
[TO HOST] connector
Use this connector to connect the P-90 to a computer.
HOST SELECT
MIDI
PC-2
Mac
PC-1
TO HOST
When you are using the [TO
HOST] connector, set the
[HOST SELECT] switch,
according to the type of computer you are using (page 47).
You can also obtain detailed
information about MIDI from
various music books and other
publications.
44
P-90 About MIDI
Connecting a Personal Computer
You can enjoy computer music data on the P-90 by connecting a computer to the [TO HOST] (or
MIDI) connector.
There are three methods by which to connect the P-90 to a personal computer:
1. Connect the serial port on the computer to the P-90’s [TO HOST] connector (page 46).
2. Use a MIDI interface and the P-90’s MIDI connectors (page 47).
3. Use the USB port on the computer and the UX256, UX96, or UX16, a USB interface (page 48).
For more information, refer to the specified pages.
ENGLISH
When the P-90 is used as a tone module, performance data with voices that are not found on the P-90 will not be played
correctly.
When connecting the P-90 to a personal computer, first turn off the power to both the P-90 and the computer before you
connect any cables or set the [HOST SELECT] switch. After making the connections and switch settings, turn on the
power to the computer first, then to the P-90.
If you do not use the [TO HOST] connector of the P-90, make sure you disconnect the cable from the jack. If the cable
is left connected, the P-90 may not function properly.
will appear in the display if the host computer is not turned on, the connecting cable is not properly connected,
the [HOST SELECT] switch is not in the proper position, or the MIDI driver or MIDI application is not active. In this situation, turn the power off to both the P-90 and the computer, and check the cable connection and the position of the
[HOST SELECT] switch. Once the connection and [HOST SELECT] switch position is verified, turn the power of the
computer on first, then the P-90, and check whether the MIDI driver and MIDI application function properly.
When the [HOST SELECT] switch is set to “PC-1,” PC-2,” or “Mac,” you can use the [TO HOST] connector, but the MIDI
connectors are disabled since no data transfer occurs via the MIDI connectors. On the other hand, when the [HOST
SELECT] switch is set to “MIDI,” you can use the MIDI connectors, but not the [TO HOST] connector since no data is
transferred via the [TO HOST] connector.
P-90 Connecting a Personal Computer
45
1. Connecting the serial port on the computer to the P-90’s [TO HOST] connector
Connect the computer’s serial port (RS-232C or RS-422) to the P-90’s [TO HOST] connector.
With this connection, the P-90 functions as a MIDI interface. Therefore, you do not need a special MIDI interface.
Connection
Use a special serial cable (page 46) to connect the computer’s serial port (RS-232C or RS-422) to the P-90’s [TO HOST]
connector.
P-90
HOST SELECT
ENGLISH
MIDI
PC-2
TO HOST
Note for Windows users
(regarding the MIDI driver)
To transfer data via the computer’s
serial port and the P-90’s [TO
HOST] connector, you need to
install a specific MIDI driver (the
Yamaha CBX driver for Windows).
You can download this driver from
the following XG Library on the
Yamaha web site:
http://www.yamaha-xg.com
Mac
PC-1
TO HOST
RS-232C (D-sub 9-pin)
RS-232C (D-sub 25-pin)
modem port
Windows
Windows
Macintosh
Type of serial cables and connection pin assignments
Depending on the type of computer you connect, use one of the following serial cables.
Windows (with a serial port of D-sub 9-pin)
8-pin mini DIN plug ➝ D-sub 9-pin plug
(Yamaha CCJ-PC2 or equivalent)
mini DIN 1
2
8-pin
8 (CTS)
7 (RTS)
2 (RxD)
5 (GND)
3
4
8
5
Macintosh
System peripheral plug ➝ 8-pin plug
(Yamaha CCJ-MAC or equivalent)
D-sub
9-pin
mini DIN 1
2
8-pin
3 (TxD)
Windows (with a serial port of D-sub 25-pin)
8-pin mini DIN plug ➝ D-sub 25-pin plug
(Yamaha CCJ-PC1NF or equivalent)
Pin assignment
The following diagram shows the pin assignments for each cable.
Pin numbers (view from front)
mini DIN 8-pin
mini DIN
8-pin
46
1
2
3
4
8
5
5 (CTS)
4 (RTS)
3 (RxD)
7 (GND)
2 (TxD)
P-90 Connecting a Personal Computer
2 (HSK i) mini DIN
1 (HSK O) 8-pin
5 (RxD-)
4 (GND)
3 (TxD-)
8 (RxD+)
7 (GP-)
6 (TxD+)
3
4
5
6
7
8
D-sub
25-pin
D-sub 25-pin
D-sub 9-pin
P-90 [HOST SELECT] switch setting
Set the P-90 [HOST SELECT] switch properly according to the type of connected computer.
• Macintosh: “Mac” (data transfer rate: 31,250bps, 1MHz clock)
• Windows: “PC-2” (data transfer rate: 38,400bps)
If your system does not work properly with the connections and settings listed above, your software may require different settings. Check your software operation manual and set the [HOST SELECT] switch to the proper data transfer rate.
(Data transfer rate of “PC-1” is 31,250bps.)
Connection
Use a MIDI interface device to connect a computer to the P-90 using special MIDI cables.
P-90
IN
MIDI
OUT
HOST SELECT
MIDI
PC-2
MIDI IN
MIDI
IN
Mac
PC-1
MIDI OUT
MIDI
OUT
MIDI
OUT
ENGLISH
2. Using a MIDI interface and the P-90’s MIDI connectors
MIDI
IN
MIDI interface
MIDI interface
Windows
Macintosh
P-90 [HOST SELECT] switch setting
Set the P-90 [HOST SELECT] switch to “MIDI.”
P-90 Connecting a Personal Computer
47
3. Connecting the computer’s USB port to the P-90 via a USB interface, such as the
UX256, UX96, or UX16
Connect the computer’s USB port to the USB interface (such as the UX256, UX96, or UX16) using a USB cable. Install
the driver (that came with the USB interface) on the computer, and connect the USB interface to the P-90 using a serial
cable or MIDI cables.
For more information, refer to the instruction manual for the USB interface.
An example of connecting the USB interface to the P-90 using a serial cable
TO HOST
HOST SELECT
ENGLISH
or
MIDI
PC-2
USB cable
Mac
PC-1
MIDI
PC-2
Mac
PC-1
Standard Machintosh 8-pin system peripheral cable
computer
P-90
USB interface
MIN
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
FUNCTION
METRONOME
– / NO
+ / YES
PRESET
TRACK
START/
STOP
REC
SONG
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
REVERB
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
E. PIANO
1
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
STRINGS
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
TRANSPOSE
VOICE
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
An example of connecting the USB interface to the P-90 using MIDI cables
IN
MIDI
OUT
HOST SELECT
MIDI
PC-2
Mac
PC-1
USB cable
MIDI cables
computer
P-90
USB interface
MIN
MELLOW
MASTER VOLUME
BRILLIANCE
MAX
BRIGHT
DEMO
START/
STOP
TEMPO/
FUNCTION#
METRONOME
48
P-90 Connecting a Personal Computer
FUNCTION
– / NO
TEMPO/ OTHER VALUE
+ / YES
PRESET
TRACK
SONG
START/
STOP
REC
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
REVERB
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
EFFECT
HARD
MEDIUM
SOFT
TOUCH
ON
TRANSPOSE
GRAND
PIANO 1
GRAND
PIANO 2
E. PIANO
1
E. PIANO
2
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
VIBES/
GUITAR
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
STRINGS
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
VOICE
VARIATION
SPLIT
ELECTRONIC PIANO
Troubleshooting
Possible Cause and Solution
The P-90 does not turn on.
The P-90 has not been plugged in properly. Insert the adaptor plug into an AC outlet
and the adaptor socket into the unit securely. (page 8).
A click or pop is heard when the power is
turned on or off.
This is normal when electrical current is being applied to the instrument.
Noise from the speakers or headphones is
audible.
The noise may be due to interference caused by the use of a mobile phone in close
proximity to the P-90. Turn off the mobile phone, or move it further away from the P-90.
The overall volume is low, or no sound is
heard.
• The Master Volume is set too low. Set it to an appropriate level using the [MASTER
VOLUME] control.
• Make sure that Local Control (page 40) is ON.
The foot pedal has no effect, or the sound
continuously sustains even when the foot
pedal is not pressed.
The pedal cord may not be properly connected. Make sure to securely insert the pedal
cord into the [SUSTAIN] jack (page 10).
The foot pedal seems to produce the opposite
effect. For example, pressing the foot switch
cuts off the sound and releasing it sustains
the sounds.
The polarity of the foot pedal is reversed. Make sure that the foot pedal plug is properly
connected to the [SUSTAIN] jack before turning on the power.
Do not press the pedal while turning the power on.
If
ENGLISH
Problem
appears on the display, an internal malfunction has occurred. In this case, contact your Yamaha dealer.
P-90 Troubleshooting
49
Preset Voice List
Printed on
the panel
[VARIATION]
button
Stereo
Sampling
Touch
Response
Dynamic
Sampling*1
Key-Off
Sampling*2
Voice Descriptions
OFF
GrandPiano
1
✓
✓
✓
✓
Recorded samples from a full concert grand piano. Also includes
three levels of dynamic sampling,
sustain samples, and key-off samples for exceptionally realistic
acoustic grand piano sound. Perfect for classical compositions as
well as any other style that requires
acoustic piano.
ON
(Variation)
✓
✓
✓
✓
Warm and mellow piano. Good for
classical compositions.
OFF
GrandPiano
2
✓
✓
Spacious and clear piano with
bright reverb. Good for popular
music.
ON
(Variation)
✓
✓
Bright, spacious piano. Good for
popular or rock music.
✓
An electronic piano sound created
by FM synthesis. Extremely “musical” response with varying timbre
according to keyboard dynamics.
Good for standard popular music.
GRAND
PIANO 1
ENGLISH
Voice Name
GRAND
PIANO 2
OFF
E.Piano1
✓
E.PIANO1
ON
(Variation)
✓
A synth-generated type electronic
piano sound often heard in popular
music. Used in the DUAL mode it
blends well with an acoustic piano
voice.
The sound of an electric piano
using hammer-struck metallic
“tines”. Soft tone when played
lightly, and an aggressive tone
when played hard.
OFF
E.Piano2
✓
✓
ON
(Variation)
✓
A slightly different electric piano
sound often heard in rock and popular music.
✓
✓
A hammer-struck keyboard instrument that utilizes an electric pickup
that is often heard in funk and soul
music. Its tone is noted for the
unique sound produced when the
keys are released.
✓
The definitive instrument for
baroque music. Since harpsichord
uses plucked strings, there is no
touch response. There is, however,
a characteristic additional sound
when the keys are released.
E.PIANO2
OFF
Clavi.
CLAVI./
HARPSI.
ON
Harpsichord
✓
OFF
Vibraphone
✓
ON
NylonGuitar
✓
VIBES/
GUITAR
50
P-90 Demo Song List/Preset Song List
✓
✓
Vibraphone played with relatively
soft mallets. The tone becomes
more metallic the harder you play.
Warm and natural-sounding nylon
guitar. Enjoy the quiet ambience of
nylon strings.
[VARIATION]
button
Voice Name
Stereo
Sampling
Touch
Response
OFF
ChurchOrgan
✓
This is a typical pipe organ sound
(8 feet + 4 feet + 2 feet). Good for
sacred music from the Baroque
period.
ON
(Variation)
✓
This is the organ’s full coupler
sound often associated with
Beach’s “Toccata and Fugue”.
OFF
JazzOrgan
The sound of a “tonewheel” type
electric organ. Often heard in jazz
and rock idioms.
(Variation)
Uses a rotary speaker effect with a
different speed. The variations
speed is faster. If the variation is
selected while holding a chord, the
speed of the effect will gradually
change.
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ
ORGAN
ON
Dynamic
Sampling*1
Key-Off
Sampling*2
Voice Descriptions
✓
Stereo-sampled, large-scale
strings ensemble with realistic
reverb. Try combining this voice
with piano in the DUAL mode.
SlowStrings
✓
Spacious strings ensemble with a
slow attack. Try combining this
voice with a piano or electric piano
in the DUAL mode.
OFF
Choir
✓
A big, spacious choir voice. Perfect
for creating rich harmonies in slow
pieces.
ON
SlowChoir
✓
A choir voice with a slow attack. Try
combining this voice with a piano or
electric piano in the DUAL mode.
OFF
WoodBass
✓
An upright bass played fingerstyle.
Ideal for jazz and Latin music.
ON
(Variation)
✓
Adds a cymbal voice to the bass
sound. Ideal for walking bass lines
in jazz tunes.
OFF
E.Bass
✓
Electric bass for a wide range of
music styles, jazz, rock, popular,
and more.
ON
(Variation)
✓
A fretless bass good for styles such
as jazz, fusion, etc.
OFF
Strings
ON
✓
ENGLISH
Printed on
the panel
STRINGS
CHOIR
WOOD
BASS
E.BASS
*1. Dynamic Sampling provides multiple velocity-switched samples to accurately simulate the timbral response
of an acoustic instrument.
*2. Contains a very subtle sample that is produced when the keys are released.
P-90 Demo Song List/Preset Song List
51
Demo Song List
Piano Voice Demo Description
ENGLISH
Printed on the panel
Piano Voice Demo
GRAND PIANO1
Stereo sampling
GRAND PIANO2
Monaural sampling
E.PIANO1
Dynamic sampling; mezzo piano
E.PIANO2
Dynamic sampling; mezzo forte
CLAVI./HARPSI.
Dynamic sampling; forte
VIBES/GUITAR
With sustain sampling
CHURCH ORGAN
Without sustain sampling
JAZZ ORGAN
With key-off sampling
STRINGS
Without key-off sampling
Preset Song List
No.
52
Title
Composer
No.
Title
Composer
1
Invention No. 1
J.S.Bach
26
Etude op.10-12 “Revolutionary”
F.F.Chopin
2
Invention No. 8
J.S.Bach
27
Valse op.64-1 “Petit chien”
F.F.Chopin
3
Gavotte
J.S.Bach
28
Valse op.64-2
F.F.Chopin
4
Prelude (Wohltemperierte Klavier I No.1)
J.S.Bach
29
Valse op.69-1 “L’adieu”
F.F.Chopin
5
Menuett G dur BWV.Anh.114
J.S.Bach
30
Nocturne op.9-2
F.F.Chopin
6
Le Coucou
L-C.Daquin
31
Träumerei
R.Schumann
7
Piano Sonate No.15 K.545 1st mov
W.A.Mozart
32
Fröhlicher Landmann
R.Schumann
8
Turkish March
W.A.Mozart
33
La prière d’une Vierge
T.Badarzewska
9
Menuett G dur
W.A.Mozart
34
Dolly’s Dreaming and Awakening
T.Oesten
10
Little Serenade
J.Haydn
35
Arabesque
J.F.Burgmüller
11
Perpetuum mobile
C.M.v.Weber
36
Pastorale
J.F.Burgmüller
12
Ecossaise
L.v.Beethoven
37
La chevaleresque
J.F.Burgmüller
13
Für Elise
L.v.Beethoven
38
Liebesträume Nr.3
F.Liszt
14
Marcia alla Turca
L.v.Beethoven
39
Blumenlied
G.Lange
15
Piano Sonate op.13 “Pathétique” 2nd mov.
L.v.Beethoven
40
Barcarolle
P.I.Tchaikovsky
16
Piano Sonate op.27-2 “Mondschein” 1st mov.
L.v.Beethoven
41
Melody in F
A.Rubinstein
17
Piano Sonate op.49-2 1st mov.
L.v.Beethoven
42
Humoresque
A.Dvorák
18
Impromptu op.90-2
F.P.Schubert
43
Tango (España)
I.Albéniz
19
Moments Musicaux op.94-3
F.P.Schubert
44
The Entertainer
S.Joplin
20
Frühlingslied op.62-2
J.L.F.Mendelssohn
45
Maple Leaf Rag
S.Joplin
21
Jägerlied op.19b-3
J.L.F.Mendelssohn
46
La Fille aux Cheveux de Lin
C.A.Debussy
22
Fantaisie-Impromptu
F.F.Chopin
47
Arabesque 1
C.A.Debussy
23
Prelude op.28-15 “Raindrop”
F.F.Chopin
48
Clair de lune
C.A.Debussy
24
Etude op.10-5 “Black keys”
F.F.Chopin
49
Rêverie
C.A.Debussy
25
Etude op.10-3 “Chanson de l’adieu”
F.F.Chopin
50
Golliwog’s Cakewalk
C.A.Debussy
P-90 Demo Song List/Preset Song List
Index
Numerics
A
A-B Repeat for 50 Preset Songs ......................................18
AC Power Adaptor ............................................................9
Accessories .........................................................................6
Adding Variations ...........................................................19
Function Parameter List ................................................. 55
H
[HOST SELECT] switch ........................................... 11, 47
HST (LED display).......................................................... 45
L
Adjust
Brilliance ..............................................................14, 20
Tempo (50 Piano Preset Songs) ...............................15
Tempo (Recorded Songs) .........................................30
Volume.......................................................................11
Volume (50 Piano Preset Songs) ..............................15
Volume (Demo) ........................................................14
Volume (Metronome) ..............................................39
Volume (Recorded Songs)........................................31
List
Demo Song ................................................................ 52
Factory Setting........................................................... 55
Functions ................................................................... 32
Preset Song List ......................................................... 52
Preset Voice .........................................................50–51
ALL (LED display) ..........................................................15
METRONOME ............................................................... 25
ENGLISH
50 Piano Preset Songs .....................................................15
Basic Procedure......................................................... 33
M
Metronome Volume ....................................................... 39
B
Backup Functions............................................................42
[BRILLIANCE] control...................................................20
C
Combining Two Voices (Dual mode)............................23
MIDI ................................................................................ 44
MIDI [IN] [OUT] connectors ........................... 11, 44, 47
MIDI cables ......................................................... 44, 47, 48
MIDI Data Format.......................................................... 56
MIDI driver ..................................................................... 46
MIDI Functions .............................................................. 40
Music Rest ......................................................................... 9
Connecting a Personal Computer ..................................45
N
D
Normal setting ................................................................ 19
[DC IN 12V] connector ....................................................9
[DEMO] button ..............................................................14
Demo Song List ...............................................................52
Detailed Settings (FUNCTION).....................................32
Dual mode .................................................................23, 37
E
[EFFECT] button ............................................................20
F
O
OUTPUT [L][R] jacks, [L/L+R][R] jacks ..................... 10
P
[PHONES] jacks ............................................................. 10
Piano Voice Demo Description ..................................... 52
Pitch ➝ Fine Tuning of the Pitch .................................. 35
Practicing a One-Hand Part Using 50 Preset Songs ..... 16
Precautions....................................................................3–4
Factory Setting List..........................................................55
PRESET............................................................................ 15
Fine Tuning of the Pitch .................................................35
Preset Song List ............................................................... 52
FUL (LED display) ..........................................................27
Preset Song Part .............................................................. 39
FUNCTION...............................................................35–42
Preset Voice List ........................................................50–51
P-90 Index
53
R
V
REC ➝ Recording ...........................................................27
[VARIATION] button.................................................... 19
Recording.........................................................................26
Initial Settings............................................................29
[VOICE] buttons ............................................................ 19
Re-recording....................................................................27
[REVERB] button ...........................................................20
rnd (LED display)............................................................15
S
ENGLISH
Scale..................................................................................36
Scn (LED display)............................................................49
Serial cable .................................................................46, 48
Specifications...................................................................61
SPLIT ...............................................................................38
[SPLIT] button ................................................................24
[STANDBY/ON] switch .................................................10
[START/STOP] button (Demo) ....................................14
[START/STOP] button (METRONOME) ....................25
Start/Stop playback
50 Piano Preset Songs................................................15
Demonstration Tunes ...............................................14
Recorded Songs .........................................................30
Useful Playback Functions........................................31
Start/Stop recording........................................................27
[SUSTAIN] jack ..............................................................10
Sustain Pedal..............................................................38, 39
Synchro Start
50 Piano Preset Songs................................................17
Recorded Songs .........................................................31
T
TEMPO......................................................................15, 30
[TO HOST] connector..............................................11, 44
TOUCH ...........................................................................21
Touch Sensitivity.............................................................21
Track Playback On and Off ............................................31
TRACK1/2 (50 Piano Preset Songs)...............................16
TRACK1/2 (Recording) ..................................................27
TRANSPOSE ...................................................................22
Troubleshooting..............................................................49
Tuning ➝ Fine Tuning of the Pitch ...............................35
Turning the power on .....................................................11
U
USB ..................................................................................48
54
P-90 Index
Factory Setting List / Liste der Vorgabeeinstellungen /
Liste des réglages / Lista de ajustes de fábrica
Function
Default
Voice
Backup Group
[GRAND PIANO 1]
Dual Mode
OFF
Split Mode
OFF
Split Mode Left Voice
WOOD BASS
Reverb Type
Preset for each voice
Reverb Depth
Preset for each voice
Effect Type
Preset for each voice
Effect Depth
Preset for each voice
Touch Sensitivity
F9.1
MEDIUM
Volume in the FIXED Mode
64
Metronome
Metronome Time Signature
Tempo
Transpose
OFF
—
0 (no accent)
F9.1
120
—
0
F9.3
Function Mode
Function
Default
F1
Tuning
F2.1
Scale
1 (Equal Temperament)
F2.2
Base Note
C
F3.1
Dual Balance
Preset for each voice combination
F3.2
Dual Detune
Preset for each voice combination
F3.3, F3.4
Dual Octave Shift
Preset for each voice combination
F3.5, F.3.6
Dual Effect Depth
F4.1
Split Point
Preset for each voice combination
F2
F4.2
Split Balance
Preset for each voice combination
F4.3, F4.4
Split Octave Shift
Preset for each voice combination
F4.5, F4.6
Split Effect Depth
Preset for each voice combination
F4.7
Sustain Pedal Range
ALL
F5.1
Sustain Sample Depth
12
F5.2
Keyoff Sample Volume
10
F6
Metronome Volume
10
F7
Preset Song Part Cancel Volume
5
F8.1
MIDI Transmit Channel
1
F8.2
MIDI Receive Channel
ALL
F8.3
Local Control
ON
F8.4
Program Change Send & Receive
ON
F8.5
Control Change Send & Receive
ON
F8.6
MIDI Transmit Transpose
0
F9
Backup
All OFF
Backup Group
A3=440Hz
F9.3
F9.1
F9.4
F9.1
F9.2
Always backed up
P-90
55
MIDI Data Format / MIDI-Datenformat /
Format des données MIDI / Formato de datos MIDI
If you’re already very familiar with MIDI, or are using a
computer to control your music hardware with computer
generated MIDI messages, the data provided in this section
can help you to control the P-90.
Falls Sie bereits mit MIDI vertraut sind oder einen
Computer zur Erzeugung von MIDI-Steuermeldungen für die
Instrumente verwenden, können Sie sich zur Steuerung des
P-90 nach den im folgenden Abschnitt aufgeführten
Spezifikationen richten.
Si vous êtes très familier avec l’interface MIDI ou si vous
utilisez un ordinateur pour commander votre matériel de
musique au moyen de messages MIDI générés par
ordinateur, les données suivantes vous seront utiles et vous
aideront à commander le P-90.
SI usted está ya familiarizado con MIDI, o si emplea una
computadora para controlar sus aparatos musicales con
mensajes MIDI generados por computadora, los datos
proporcionados en esta sección le ayudarán a controlar la
P-90.
1. NOTE ON/OFF
3. MODE MESSAGES
Data format: [9nH] -> [kk] -> [vv]
Data format: [BnH] -> [cc] -> [vv]
9nH = Note ON/OFF event (n = channel number)
kk =
Note number (Transmit: 09H ~ 78H = A-2 ~ C8 /
Receive: 00H ~ 7FH = C-2 ~ G8)*
vv =
Velocity (Key ON = 01H ~ 7FH, Key OFF = 00H)
Data format: [8nH] -> [kk] -> [vv] (reception only)
8nH = Note OFF event (n = channel number)
kk =
Note number: 00H ~ 7FH = C-2 ~ G8
vv =
Velocity
* If received value exceeds the supported range for the
selected voice, the note is adjusted by the necessary number of octaves.
2. CONTROL CHANGE
Data format: [BnH] -> [cc] -> [vv]
BnH = Control change (n = channel number)
cc =
Control number
vv =
Data Range
(1) Bank Select
ccH
Parameter
Data Range (vvH)
00H
Bank Select MSB
00H:Normal
20H
Bank Select LSB
00H...7FH
Bank selection processing does not occur until receipt of
next Program Change message.
(2) Main Volume (reception only)
ccH
Parameter
Data Range (vvH)
07H
Volume MSB
00H...7FH
(3) Expression
ccH
Parameter
0BH Expression MSB
Data Range (vvH)
00H...7FH
(4) Damper
ccH
Parameter
40H
Damper MSB
Data Range (vvH)
00H...7FH
(5) Sostenuto (reception only)
ccH
Parameter
Data Range (vvH)
42H
Sostenuto
00H-3FH:off, 40H-7FH:on
P-90
(1) All Sound Off
ccH
Parameter
Data Range (vvH)
78H
All Sound Off
00H
Switches off all sound from the channel. Does not reset Note
On and Hold On conditions established by Channel Messages.
(2) Reset All Controllers
ccH
Parameter
79H
Reset All Controllers
Resets controllers as follows.
Controller
Expression
Damper Pedal
Sostenuto
Soft Pedal
Data Range (vvH)
00H
Value
127 (max)
0 (off)
0 (off)
0 (off)
(3) Local Control (reception only)
ccH
Parameter
Data Range (vvH)
7AH Local Control
00H (off), 7FH (on)
(4) All Notes Off
ccH
Parameter
Data Range (vvH)
7BH All Notes Off
00H
Switches OFF all the notes that are currently ON on the specified channel. Any notes being held by the damper or sostenuto pedal will continue to sound until the pedal is released.
(5) Omni Off (reception only)
ccH
Parameter
Data Range (vvH)
7CH Omni Off
00H
Same processing as for All Notes Off.
(6) Omni On (reception only)
ccH
Parameter
Data Range (vvH)
7DH Omni On
00H
Same processing as for All Notes Off.
(6) Soft Pedal (reception only)
ccH
Parameter
Data Range (vvH)
43H
Soft Pedal
00H-3FH:off, 40H-7FH:on
(7) Mono (reception only)
ccH
Parameter
Data Range (vvH)
7EH Mono
00H
Same processing as for All Sound Off.
(7) Effect1 Depth (Reverb Send Level)
ccH
Parameter
Data Range (vvH)
5BH Effect1 Depth
00H...7FH
Adjusts the reverb send level.
(8) Poly (reception only)
ccH
Parameter
Data Range (vvH)
7FH
Poly
00H
Same processing as for All Sound Off.
(8) Effect4 Depth (Variation Effect Send Level)
ccH
Parameter
Data Range (vvH)
5EH Effect4 Depth
00H...7FH
56
BnH = Control event (n = channel number)
cc =
Control number
vv =
Data Range
• When control change reception is turned OFF in the Function
mode, control change data will not be transmitted or received
except for Bank Select and Mode messages.
• Local on/off, OMNI on/off are not transmitted. (The appropriate
note off number is supplied with “All Note Off” transmission).
• When a voice bank MSB/LSB is received, the number is
stored in the internal buffer regardless of the received order,
then the stored value is used to select the appropriate voice
when a program change message is received.
• The Multi-timbre and Poly modes are always active. No
change occurs when OMNI ON, OMNI OFF, MONO, or POLY
mode messages are received.
4. PROGRAM CHANGE
6. SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGES
(Yamaha MIDI Format)
Data format: [CnH] -> [ppH]
CnH = Program event (n = channel number)
ppH = Program change number
P.C.#=Program Change number
Printed on the
panel
[VARIATION]
button
OFF
GRANDPIANO 1
ON
OFF
GRANDPIANO 2
ON
OFF
E.PIANO1
ON
OFF
E.PIANO2
ON
OFF
CLAVI./HARPSI.
ON
OFF
VIBES/GUITAR
ON
CHURCH
ORGAN
JAZZ ORGAN
STRINGS
CHOIR
WOOD BASS
E.BASS
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Voice Name
MSB LSB P.C#
(0-127) (0-127) (1-128)
GrandPiano1
(Variation)
GrandPiano2
(Variation)
E.Piano1
(Variation)
E.Piano2
(Variation)
Clavi.
Harpsichord
Vibraphone
NylonGuitar
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
122
123
112
112
122
122
122
123
122
122
122
122
1
1
1
2
6
89
5
5
8
7
12
25
ChurchOrgan
(Variation)
JazzOrgan
(Variation)
Strings
SlowStrings
Choir
SlowChoir
WoodBass
(Variation)
E.Bass
(Variation)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
123
122
122
123
122
122
122
123
122
124
122
122
20
20
17
17
49
50
53
53
33
33
34
36
• When program change reception is turned OFF in the Function mode, no program change data is transmitted or
received. Also, Bank MSB/LSB is not transmitted or received.
5. SYSTEM REALTIME MESSAGES
[rrH]
F8H: Timing clock
FAH: Start
FCH: Stop
FEH: Active sensing
Data
Transmission
F8H
Transmitted every
96 clocks
FAH
Recorder start
FCH
Recorder stop
FEH
Transmitted every
200 milliseconds
Reception
Received as 96-clock tempo timing
when MIDI clock is set to External
Recorder start
Not received when the MIDI clock is
set to Internal.
Recorder stop
Not received when the MIDI clock is
set to Internal.
If a signal is not received via MIDI for
more than 400 milliseconds, the same
processing will take place for All
Sound Off, All Notes Off and Reset All
Controllers as when those signals are
received.
Panel Data Transmit
Data format: [F0H] -> [43H] -> [0nH] -> [7CH] -> ... -> [F7H]
F0H, 43H, 0nH, 7CH (n: channel number)
00H, 2BH (data length)
43H, 4CH, 20H, 20H (CL)
43H, 4CH, 50H, 27H, 30H, 33H (CLP’03)
30H, 30H (version x, y)
[PANEL DATA]
[CHECK SUM (1byte)] = 0-(43H+4CH+20H+......+Data end)
F7H
• Panel Data Contents
(1) 1'st Voice
(2) Dual On/Off
(3) Dual Voice
(4) Dual Balance
(5) Dual Detune
(6) Dual Voice1 Octave
(7) Dual Voice2 Octave
(8) Dual Voice1 Effect Depth
(9) Dual Voice2 Effect Depth
(10) Split On/Off
(11) Split Voice
(12) Split Point
(13) Split Balance
(14) Split Voice1 Octave
(15) Split Voice2 Octave
(16) Split Voice1 Effect Depth
(17) Split Voice2 Effect Depth
(18) Split Dumper Mode
(19) Reverb Type 1
(20) Reverb Type 2
(21) Reverb Depth 1
(22) Reverb Depth 2
(23) Effect Type 1
(24) Effect Type 2
(25) Effect Depth
(26) Variation On/Off
(27) Touch Sensitivity
(28) Fixed Data
(29) Absolute tempo low byte
(30) Absolute tempo high byte
(31) Key-Off Sampling Depth
• Panel data send requests cannot be received.
7. SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGES
(Universal System Exclusive)
(1) Universal Realtime Message
Data format: [F0H] -> [7FH] -> [XnH] -> [04H] -> [01H] ->
[llH] -> [mmH] -> [F7H]
MIDI Master Volume
• Simultaneously changes the volume of all channels.
• When a MIDI master volume message is received, the volume
only has affect on the MIDI receive channel, not the panel
master volume.
F0H = Exclusive status
7FH = Universal Realtime
7FH = ID of target device
04H = Sub-ID #1=Device Control Message
01H = Sub-ID #2=Master Volume
llH = Volume LSB
mmH = Volume MSB
F7H = End of Exclusive
or
F0H = Exclusive status
7FH = Universal Realtime
XnH = When n is received n=0~F, whichever is received.
X = don’t care
04H = Sub-ID #1=Device Control Message
01H = Sub-ID #2=Master Volume
llH = Volume LSB
mmH = Volume MSB
F7H = End of Exclusive
• Caution: If an error occurs during MIDI reception, the Damper,
Sostenuto, and Soft effects for all channels are turned off and
an All Note Off occurs.
P-90
57
(2) Universal Non-Realtime Message (GM On)
General MIDI Mode On
Data format: [F0H] -> [7EH] -> [XnH] -> [09H] -> [01H] ->
[F7H]
F0H = Exclusive status
7EH = Universal Non-Realtime
7FH = ID of target device
09H = Sub-ID #1=General MIDI Message
01H = Sub-ID #2=General MIDI On
F7H = End of Exclusive
or
F0H = Exclusive status
7EH = Universal Non-Realtime
XnH = When received, n=0~F.
X = don’t care
09H = Sub-ID #1=General MIDI Message
01H = Sub-ID #2=General MIDI On
F7H = End of Exclusive
When the General MIDI mode ON message is received, the
MIDI system will be reset to its default settings.
This message requires approximately 50ms to execute, so
sufficient time should be allowed before the next message is
sent.
8. SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGES (XG Standard)
(1) XG Native Parameter Change
Data format: [F0H] -> [43H] -> [1nH] -> [4CH] -> [hhH] ->
[mmH] -> [llH] -> [ddH] -> [F7H]
F0H = Exclusive status
43H = YAMAHA ID
1nH = When received, n=0~F.
When transmitted, n=0.
4CH = Model ID of XG
hhH = Address High
mmH = Address Mid
llH = Address Low
ddH = Data
|
F7H = End of Exclusive
Data size must match parameter size (2 or 4 bytes).
When the XG System On message is received, the MIDI system will be reset to its default settings.
The message requires approximately 50ms to execute, so
sufficient time should be allowed before the next message is
sent.
(2) XG Native Bulk Data (reception only)
Data format: [F0H] -> [43H] -> [0nH] -> [4CH] -> [aaH] ->
[bbH] -> [hhH] -> [mmH] -> [llH] ->[ddH] ->...->
[ccH] -> [F7H]
F0H = Exclusive status
43H = YAMAHA ID
0nH = When received, n=0~F.
When transmitted, n=0.
4CH = Model ID of XG
aaH = ByteCount
bbH = ByteCount
hhH = Address High
mmH = Address Mid
llH = Address Low
ddH = Data
|
|
|
|
ccH = Check sum
F7H = End of Exclusive
• Receipt of the XG SYSTEM ON message causes reinitialization of relevant parameters and Control Change values. Allow
sufficient time for processing to execute (about 50 msec)
before sending the P-90 another message.
• XG Native Parameter Change message may contain two or
four bytes of parameter data (depending on the parameter
size).
• For information about the Address and Byte Count values,
refer to Table 1 below. Note that the table’s Total Size value
gives the size of a bulk block. Only the top address of the
block (00H, 00H, 00H) is valid as a bulk data address.
58
P-90
9. SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGES
(P-90 MIDI Format)
Data format: [F0H] -> [43H] -> [73H] -> [01H] -> [nnH] -> [F7H]
F0H =
43H =
73H =
01H =
nnH =
nn
02H
03H
F7H =
or
Exclusive status
Yamaha ID
Clavinova ID
Product ID (CLP common)
Substatus
Control
Internal MIDI clock
External MIDI clock
End of Exclusive
Data format: [F0H] -> [43H] -> [73H] -> [7FH] -> [xxH] -> [nnH]
-> [F7H]
F0H =
43H =
73H =
7FH=
xxH =
nnH =
nn
02H
03H
06H
F7H =
Exclusive status
Yamaha ID
Clavinova ID
Extended Product ID
Product ID (P-90: 32H)
Substatus
Control
Internal MIDI clock
External MIDI clock
Bulk Data (the bulk data follows 06H)
End of Exclusive
BULK DUMP FORMAT
F0H, 43H, 73H
7FH
xxH
06H
05H
0nH, 0nH, 0nH, 0nH
[BULK DATA]
[CHECK SUM (1byte)]
F7H
= Extended Product ID
= Product ID (P-90: 32H)
= Bulk ID
= Sequence data
= Data length
= 0-sum (BULK DATA)
= End of Exclusive
10. SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGES (Special Control)
Data format: [F0H] -> [43H] -> [73H] -> [7FH] -> [xxH] ->
[11H] -> [0nH] -> [ccH] -> [vvH] -> [F7H]
F0H =
43H =
73H =
7FH =
xxH =
11H =
0nH =
cc =
vv =
F7H =
Exclusive status
Yamaha ID
Clavinova ID
Extended Product ID
Product ID (P-90: 32H)
Special control
Control MIDI change (n=channel number)
Control number
Value
End of Exclusive
Control
Split Point
Metronome
0n
Always 00H
Always 00H
ccH
14H
1BH
vvH
14H : Split Key Number
00H : off
01H : –
02H : 2/4
03H : 3/4
04H : 4/4
05H : 5/4
06H : 6/4
7FH : No accent
Damper Level ch: 00H-0FH 3DH(Sets the Damper Level
for each channel)
00H-7FH
Channel Detune ch: 00H-0FH 43H (Sets the Detune value
for each channel)
00H-7FH
Voice Reserve ch: 00H-0FH 45H
00H : Reserve off
7FH : on*
* When Volume, Expression is received for Reserve On, they
will be effective from the next Key On. Reserve Off is normal.
11. SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGES (Others)
Data format: [F0H] -> [43H] -> [1nH] -> [27H] -> [30H] -> [00H]
-> [00H] -> [mmH] -> [llH] -> [ccH] -> [F7H]
Master Tuning (XG and last message priority) simultaneously
changes the pitch of all channels.
F0H = Exclusive Status
43H = Yamaha ID
1nH = When received, n=0~F.
When transmitted, n=0.
27H = Model ID of TG100
30H = Sub ID
00H
00H
mmH = Master Tune MSB
llH = Master Tune LSB
ccH = don’t care (under 7FH)
F7H = End of Exclusive
<Table 1>
MIDI Parameter Change table (SYSTEM)
Address (H) Size (H)
Data (H)
00 00 00
4
020C - 05F4(*1)
01
02
03
04
1
05
1
06
1
7E
7F
TOTAL SIZE 07
00 - 7F
—
34 - 4C(*2)
00
00
Parameter
MASTER TUNE
MASTER VOLUME
—
TRANSPOSE
XG SYSTEM ON
RESET ALL PARAMETERS
Description
-50 - +50[cent]
1st bit 3 - 0 ➝ bit 15 - 12
2nd bit 3 - 0 ➝ bit 11 - 8
3rd bit 3 - 0 ➝ bit 7 - 4
4th bit 3 - 0 ➝ bit 3 - 0
0 - 127
Default value (H)
00 04 00 00
400
-12 - +12[semitones]
00=XG system ON
00=ON (receive only)
40
7F
*1: Values lower than 020CH select -50 cents. Values higher than 05F4H select +50 cents.
*2: Values from 28H through 33H are interpreted as -12 through -1. Values from 4DH through 58H are interpreted as +1 through +12.
<Table 2>
MIDI Parameter Change table (EFFECT 1)
Refer to the “Effect MIDI Map” for a complete list of Reverb, Chorus and Variation type numbers.
Address (H)
02 01 00
Size (H)
2
02 01 40
2
Data (H)
00-7F
00-7F
Parameter
REVERB TYPE MSB
REVERB TYPE LSB
00-7F
VARIATION TYPE MSB
00-7F
VARIATION TYPE LSB
• “VARIATION” refers to the EFFECT on the panel.
Description
Refer to Effect MIDI Map
00 : basic type
Default value (H)
01(=HALL1)
00
Refer to Effect MIDI Map
00 : basic type
00(=Effect off)
00
Description
0 - 127
Default value (H)
7F
<Table 3>
MIDI Parameter Change table (MULTI PART)
Address (H) Size (H)
08 nn 11
1
nn = Part Number
Data (H)
00 - 7F
Parameter
DRY LEVEL
• Effect MIDI Map
REVERB
ROOM
HALL 1
HALL 2
STAGE
Sound board
MSB
02H
01H
01H
03H
03H
LSB
10H
10H
11H
10H
12H
MSB
42H
48H
46H
05H
LSB
10H
10H
10H
10H
EFFECT
CHORUS
PHASER
TREMOLO
DELAY
P-90
59
[ Electronic Piano ] Chart
MIDI Implementation
Model P-90 MIDI Implementation
YAMAHA
Function...
Date : 08,Jan 2003
Version : 1.0
Chart
Transmitted
Recognized
Basic
Channel
Default
Changed
1
1 - 16
1
1 - 16
Mode
Default
Messages
Altered
3
1
˛
**************
˛
˛
9 - 120
**************
0 - 127
0 - 127
Note
Number : True voice
Velocity
Note ON Ø 9nH,v=1-127
Note OFF ˛ 9nH,v=0
Ø
˛
After
Touch
Key's
Ch's
˛
˛
˛
˛
˛
˛
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
˛
˛
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Pitch Bend
Control
Change
Prog
Change
0,32
7
11
64
66
67
91
94
:
True #
System Exclusive
Common
Ø
Ø
: Song Pos. ˛
: Song Sel. ˛
: Tune
˛
˛
˛
˛
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
:
:
:
Mes- :
sages:
:
Ø
Ø
˛
Ø
Ø
˛
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
˛
All Sound Off
Reset All Cntrls
Local ON/OFF
All Notes OFF
Active Sense
Reset
*1
Poly Mode only
9nH,v=1-127
9nH,v=0 or 8nH
Bank Select
Volume
Expression
Damper
Sostenuto
Soft pedal
Reverb Depth
Effect Depth
**************
System
: Clock
Real Time : Commands
Aux
Remarks
(120,126,127)
(121)
(122)
(123-125)
Notes: *1= Receive Mode is always multi timbre and Poly mode.
Mode 1 : OMNI ON , POLY
Mode 3 : OMNI OFF, POLY
60
P-90
Mode 2 : OMNI ON ,MONO
Mode 4 : OMNI OFF,MONO
Ø
˛
: Yes
: No
Specifications / Technische Daten /
Caractéristiques techniques / Especificaciones
Item
KEYBOARD
SOUND SOURCE
POLYPHONY
VOICE SELECTION
Specification
88 Keys (A-1–C7)
AWM Dynamic Stereo Sampling
64 Notes Max.
24 voices (including Variation)
REVERB
ROOM, HALL 1, HALL 2, STAGE
EFFECT
CHORUS, PHASER, TREMOLO, DELAY
DEMO SONGS
TOUCH SENSITIVITY
12 Voice Demo Songs, 9 Piano Voice Demo Songs, 50 Preset Songs
HARD, MEDIUM, SOFT, FIXED
SONG CONTROLS
PRESET, TRACK 1, 2, START/STOP, REC
PEDAL CONTROL
SUSTAIN
OTHER CONTROLS
JACKS/CONNECTORS
POWER SUPPLY
DIMENTIONS (W x D x H)
WEIGHT
MASTER VOLUME, BRILLIANCE, DEMO, TRANSPOSE, SPLIT,
METRONOME START/STOP, TEMPO/FUNCTION#, FUNCTION, –/NO, +/YES, LED Display,
HOST SELECT
OUTPUT: L and R Pin Jacks, L/L+R and R Phone Jacks,
MIDI IN/OUT, TO HOST, PHONES x 2, SUSTAIN, DC IN 12V
Yamaha PA-3C power adaptor
1347 x 285 x 128 mm (53" x 11-1/4" x 5")
16.9 kg (37 lbs., 4oz)
* Specifications and descriptions in this owner’s manual are for information purposes only. Yamaha Corp. reserves the right to change
or modify products or specifications at any time without prior notice. Since specifications, equipment or options may not be the
same in every locale, please check with your Yamaha dealer.
* Die technischen Daten und Beschreibungen in dieser Bedienungsanleitung dienen nur der Information. Yamaha Corp. behält sich
das Recht vor, Produkte oder deren technische Daten jederzeit ohne vorherige Ankündigung zu verändern oder zu modifizieren. Da
die technischen Daten, das Gerät selbst oder Sonderzubehör nicht in jedem Land gleich sind, setzen Sie sich im Zweifel bitte mit
Ihrem Yamaha-Händler in Verbindung.
* Les caractéristiques techniques et les descriptions du mode d’emploi ne sont données que pour information. Yamaha Corp. se
réserve le droit de changer ou modifier les produits et leurs caractéristiques techniques à tout moment sans aucun avis. Du fait que
les caractéristiques techniques, les équipements et les options peuvent différer d’un pays à l’autre, adressez-vous au distributeur
Yamaha le plus proche.
* Las especificaciones y descripciones de este manual del propietario tienen sólo el propósito de servir como información. Yamaha
Corp. se reserva el derecho a efectuar cambios o modificaciones en los productos o especificaciones en cualquier momento sin previo aviso. Puesto que las especificaciones, equipos u opciones pueden no ser las mismas en todos los mercados, solicite información
a su distribuidor Yamaha.
P-90
61
FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A.)
1. IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT!
This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions contained in this manual, meets FCC requirements. Modifications not expressly approved by
Yamaha may void your authority, granted by the FCC, to
use the product.
2. IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/or another product use only high quality
shielded cables. Cable/s supplied with this product
MUST be used. Follow all installation instructions. Failure to follow instructions could void your FCC authorization to use this product in the USA.
3. NOTE: This product has been tested and found to comply with the requirements listed in FCC Regulations,
Part 15 for Class “B” digital devices. Compliance with
these requirements provides a reasonable level of
assurance that your use of this product in a residential
environment will not result in harmful interference with
other electronic devices. This equipment generates/
uses radio frequencies and, if not installed and used
according to the instructions found in the users manual,
may cause interference harmful to the operation of
other electronic devices. Compliance with FCC regulations does not guarantee that interference will not occur
in all installations. If this product is found to be the
source of interference, which can be determined by
turning the unit “OFF” and “ON”, please try to eliminate
the problem by using one of the following measures:
Relocate either this product or the device that is being
affected by the interference.
Utilize power outlets that are on different branch (circuit
breaker or fuse) circuits or install AC line filter/s.
In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient
the antenna. If the antenna lead-in is 300 ohm ribbon
lead, change the lead-in to co-axial type cable.
If these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results, please contact the local retailer authorized
to distribute this type of product. If you can not locate
the appropriate retailer, please contact Yamaha Corporation of America, Electronic Service Division, 6600
Orangethorpe Ave, Buena Park, CA90620
The above statements apply ONLY to those products
distributed by Yamaha Corporation of America or its
subsidiaries.
* This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA.
(class B)
For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha
representative or the authorized distributor listed below.
Pour plus de détails sur les produits, veuillez-vous adresser à Yamaha ou
au distributeur le plus proche de vous figurant dans la liste suivante.
NORTH AMERICA
CANADA
Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
135 Milner Avenue, Scarborough, Ontario,
M1S 3R1, Canada
Tel: 416-298-1311
U.S.A.
Yamaha Corporation of America
6600 Orangethorpe Ave., Buena Park, Calif. 90620,
U.S.A.
Tel: 714-522-9011
CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA
MEXICO
Yamaha de Mexico S.A. De C.V.,
Departamento de ventas
Javier Rojo Gomez No.1149, Col. Gpe Del
Moral, Deleg. Iztapalapa, 09300 Mexico, D.F.
Tel: 686-00-33
BRAZIL
Yamaha Musical do Brasil LTDA.
Av. Rebouças 2636, São Paulo, Brasil
Tel: 011-853-1377
ARGENTINA
Yamaha Music Latin America, S.A.
Sucursal de Argentina
Viamonte 1145 Piso2-B 1053,
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Tel: 1-4371-7021
PANAMA AND OTHER LATIN
AMERICAN COUNTRIES/
CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Music Latin America, S.A.
Torre Banco General, Piso 7, Urbanización Marbella,
Calle 47 y Aquilino de la Guardia,
Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá
Tel: +507-269-5311
EUROPE
THE UNITED KINGDOM
Yamaha-Kemble Music (U.K.) Ltd.
Sherbourne Drive, Tilbrook, Milton Keynes,
MK7 8BL, England
Tel: 01908-366700
IRELAND
Danfay Ltd.
61D, Sallynoggin Road, Dun Laoghaire, Co. Dublin
Tel: 01-2859177
GERMANY
Yamaha Music Central Europe GmbH
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
SWITZERLAND/LIECHTENSTEIN
Yamaha Music Central Europe GmbH,
Branch Switzerland
Seefeldstrasse 94, 8008 Zürich, Switzerland
Tel: 01-383 3990
AUSTRIA
Yamaha Music Central Europe GmbH,
Branch Austria
Schleiergasse 20, A-1100 Wien, Austria
Tel: 01-60203900
THE NETHERLANDS
Yamaha Music Central Europe,
Branch Nederland
Clarissenhof 5-b, 4133 AB Vianen, The Netherlands
Tel: 0347-358 040
Die Einzelheiten zu Produkten sind bei Ihrer unten aufgeführten
Niederlassung und bei Yamaha Vertragshändlern in den jeweiligen
Bestimmungsländern erhältlich.
Para detalles sobre productos, contacte su tienda Yamaha más cercana
o el distribuidor autorizado que se lista debajo.
ASIA
BELGIUM/LUXEMBOURG
Yamaha Music Central Europe GmbH,
Branch Belgium
Rue de Geneve (Genevastraat) 10, 1140 - Brussels,
Belgium
Tel: 02-726 6032
FRANCE
Yamaha Musique France, S.A.
Division Professionnelle
BP 70-77312 Marne-la-Vallée Cedex 2, France
Tel: 01-64-61-4000
ITALY
Yamaha Musica Italia S.P.A.
Combo Division
Viale Italia 88, 20020 Lainate (Milano), Italy
Tel: 02-935-771
SPAIN/PORTUGAL
Yamaha-Hazen Música, S.A.
Ctra. de la Coruna km. 17, 200, 28230
Las Rozas (Madrid), Spain
Tel: 91-639-8888
GREECE
Philippos Nakas S.A. The Music House
147 Skiathou Street, 112-55 Athens, Greece
Tel: 01-228 2160
SWEDEN
Yamaha Scandinavia AB
J. A. Wettergrens Gata 1
Box 30053
S-400 43 Göteborg, Sweden
Tel: 031 89 34 00
HONG KONG
Tom Lee Music Co., Ltd.
11/F., Silvercord Tower 1, 30 Canton Road,
Tsimshatsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Tel: 2737-7688
INDONESIA
PT. Yamaha Music Indonesia (Distributor)
PT. Nusantik
Gedung Yamaha Music Center, Jalan Jend. Gatot
Subroto Kav. 4, Jakarta 12930, Indonesia
Tel: 21-520-2577
KOREA
Yamaha Music Korea Ltd.
Tong-Yang Securities Bldg. 16F 23-8 Yoido-dong,
Youngdungpo-ku, Seoul, Korea
Tel: 02-3770-0661
MALAYSIA
Yamaha Music Malaysia, Sdn., Bhd.
Lot 8, Jalan Perbandaran, 47301 Kelana Jaya,
Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
Tel: 3-703-0900
PHILIPPINES
Yupangco Music Corporation
339 Gil J. Puyat Avenue, P.O. Box 885 MCPO,
Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines
Tel: 819-7551
SINGAPORE
Yamaha Music Asia Pte., Ltd.
11 Ubi Road #06-00, Meiban Industrial Building,
Singapore
Tel: 65-747-4374
DENMARK
YS Copenhagen Liaison Office
Generatorvej 8B
DK-2730 Herlev, Denmark
Tel: 44 92 49 00
FINLAND
F-Musiikki Oy
Kluuvikatu 6, P.O. Box 260,
SF-00101 Helsinki, Finland
Tel: 09 618511
TAIWAN
Yamaha KHS Music Co., Ltd.
3F, #6, Sec.2, Nan Jing E. Rd. Taipei.
Taiwan 104, R.O.C.
Tel: 02-2511-8688
THAILAND
NORWAY
Norsk filial av Yamaha Scandinavia AB
Grini Næringspark 1
N-1345 Østerås, Norway
Tel: 67 16 77 70
ICELAND
Skifan HF
Skeifan 17 P.O. Box 8120
IS-128 Reykjavik, Iceland
Tel: 525 5000
Siam Music Yamaha Co., Ltd.
121/60-61 RS Tower 17th Floor,
Ratchadaphisek RD., Dindaeng,
Bangkok 10320, Thailand
Tel: 02-641-2951
THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
AND OTHER ASIAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Corporation,
Asia-Pacific Music Marketing Group
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: +81-53-460-2317
OCEANIA
OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Music Central Europe GmbH
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, Germany
Tel: +49-4101-3030
AFRICA
Yamaha Corporation,
Asia-Pacific Music Marketing Group
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: +81-53-460-2312
MIDDLE EAST
TURKEY/CYPRUS
Yamaha Music Central Europe GmbH
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
AUSTRALIA
Yamaha Music Australia Pty. Ltd.
Level 1, 99 Queensbridge Street, Southbank,
Victoria 3006, Australia
Tel: 3-9693-5111
NEW ZEALAND
Music Houses of N.Z. Ltd.
146/148 Captain Springs Road, Te Papapa,
Auckland, New Zealand
Tel: 9-634-0099
COUNTRIES AND TRUST
TERRITORIES IN PACIFIC OCEAN
Yamaha Corporation,
Asia-Pacific Music Marketing Group
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: +81-53-460-2312
OTHER COUNTRIES
Yamaha Music Gulf FZE
LB21-128 Jebel Ali Freezone
P.O.Box 17328, Dubai, U.A.E.
Tel: +971-4-881-5868
HEAD OFFICE Yamaha Corporation, Pro Audio & Digital Musical Instrument Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: +81-53-460-2445
SY29
Yamaha Web Site (English only)
http://www.yamahasynth.com/
Yamaha Manual Library
http://www2.yamaha.co.jp/manual/english/
This document is printed on recycled chlorine free (ECF) paper with soy ink.
Auf Recycling-Umweltpapier mit Sojatinte gedruckt.
Ce document a été imprimé sur du papier recyclé non blanchi au chlore avec de l'encre
d'huile de soja.
Este docmento se ha impreso reciclado en papel sin cloro alguno, con tinta de soja.
M.D.G., Pro Audio & Digital Musical Instrument Division, Yamaha Corporation
© 2003 Yamaha Corporation
WB00060 306APAP2.3-02B0 Printed in Japan
Owner's Manual
Bedienungsanleitung
Mode d'emploi
Manual de instrucciones
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