F5 WANJet 200
Quick Start Guide
Quick Start Overview
Following is a high level overview of the steps required to successfully install and
configure your F5 WANJet 200 appliance. For detailed instructions please refer to
subsequent sections of this guide.
1. Plug the power cord into a power outlet. The system will boot up automatically.
2. Set system IP Address (default is 192.168.168.100), subnet mask (default is
255.255.255.0) and WAN gateway IP address. These values can be set via the
console port or by directly accessing the web configuration utility via the default
system IP address:
https://192.168.168.100:10000
3. Connect the LAN switch to the LAN port and WAN router to the WAN port with
the provided Ethernet cables.
NOTE:
The crossover (orange) cable should be used for connecting to the
WAN router.
4. Check the license key and set any additional local subnets. Use the Optimization
Policy link in the Operational Settings area of the Web UI. Save the settings.
5. Enter the remote WANJet IP address and shared key via the Remote WANJets
link in the System Settings area of the Web UI. Save the settings.
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6. Login in to the Web UI for the remote WANJet (other side of the WAN link) and
repeat step 4 and 5.
Before You Begin
Before you unpack the WANJet 200 and begin setup, gather the following information.
1. An IP address and corresponding subnet mask that you will assign to the
WANJet 200 (for example, 172.16.1.2 with netmask 255.255.255.0).
This IP address must be in the same subnet as the WAN router that you will
directly connect to the WANJet 200’s WAN port.
2. The WAN router (WAN gateway) IP address.
3. If routing occurs within your local LAN, the address of your LAN next-hop router.
4. An agreed upon character string to be used as a shared key (password) between
a pair of WANJet appliances (for example, NYandLondon).
Unpack the box and check the contents to make sure all parts listed below are included.
If any are missing, please contact F5 for replacement. Your WANJet 200 packaging
includes the following:
WANJet 200 Appliance
Blue CAT6 Ethernet Cable
One Power Cord
Documentation CD
Orange CAT6 Crossover Cable
This Quick Start Guide
Beige Rollover (Console) Cable
Packing List
Power Up the Unit
1. Plug the supplied power cord into a power outlet. The system will boot up
automatically.
There is no power button. The device can be powered down by disconnecting the
power cord.
Setting the Address
Set the following three parameters. If your appliance came preconfigured from the
factory with your desired parameters, skip this section.
WANJet IP Address (default is 192.168.168.100)
Subnet mask (default is 255.255.255.0)
WAN Gateway IP Address
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There are two methods for setting the IP address, using a LAN connection or using the
Console port with a connection to a PC.
Configuring WANJet using a LAN Connection
1. Connect a laptop (or other computer) directly to the WANJet's LAN port using the
supplied blue CAT6 Ethernet cable.
2. Statically assign a unique IP address (for example, 192.168.168.175 with subnet
mask 255.255.255.0) to your WANJet from your PC. For a PC with Windows XP
(the procedure may vary for other operating systems) use the following
procedure.
From the Start menu select Control Panel.
Double-click the Network and Internet Connections icon.
Double-click on the Network Connections. A window with a list of network
connections will appear. Double-click on the network (likely a local area
connection) connection that corresponds to the port that you connected the
Ethernet cable to in step 1. The Local Area Connections Status dialog box
appears.
Under the General tab select Properties. The Local Area Connections
Properties dialog box appears. Locate a scrollable area marked This
connection uses the following items.
Scroll down and single-click (highlight) the item in the list called Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP). Click the Properties button.
Under the General tab select Use the following IP address.
Enter the unique IP address (for example, 192.168.168.175) in the IP address
field and 255.255.255.0 in the Subnet mask field. Click the OK button.
When the Local Area Connections Properties dialog box reappears, select
OK.
When the Local Area Connections Status dialog box reappears, select Close.
3. Start a web browser and go to the default WANJet URL
https://192.168.168.100:10000
Be sure to include the “s” after http, and the port number :10000 at the end of
the URL.
4. When this window appears, enter admin as the username, and the default
Password of swanlabs. Click Log On.
For more information on the Web UI, see Logon to the WANJet Web UI.
5. Click the Local WANJet link on the Operation Settings area.
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6. Enter IP Address, Netmask, and WAN Gateway values in the appropriate fields.
Press the Save button to save the settings.
You have now successfully configured the network settings for the WANJet 200
appliance.
Configuring the WANJet 200 Using the Console Port
You can perform initial WANJet configuration through a PC with a terminal emulation
program installed. The following step-by-step procedure shows an example for
configuring WANJet settings through the HyperTerminal program in Windows XP.
1. Use the serial cable to connect the WANJet to the PC you want to use for the
initial configuration process. Connect one end of the serial cable to the serial port
on the back of the PC, and connect the other end to the Console port on the back
panel of the WANJet appliance.
2. On the PC, click Start and go to Programs > Accessories > Communications; then
click HyperTerminal.
3. Type the connection name in the Name field on the Connection Description dialog
box, and then click OK; the Connect To dialog box opens.
4. Select the connection port from the Connect Using drop-down list (usually COM1),
and then click OK; the Properties dialog box opens on the Port Settings tab.
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5. Select the 9600 option from the Bits per second drop-down list.
6. Select the Xon/Xoff option from the Flow control drop-down list, and then click
OK.
If the WANJet Login prompt is not displayed when the connection session
begins, press <Enter>.
7. Type the username you use to access the WANJet Web UI (this is normally
admin, unless you are using RADIUS authentication) in the Login as prompt, and
then press <Enter>.
8. Type the default password of swanlabs and press <Enter>. The information
displayed includes the last logon date and time, in addition to the IP address of
the machine you used to access the serial console. The WANJet Serial Number
is also displayed.
9. Type the Config command at the prompt; WANJet configuration details are
displayed.
10. Type the IP address you want to assign to the WANJet appliance in the Set
WANJet IP prompt, and then press <Enter>.
The IP address provided at the end of the Set WANJet IP prompt is the default IP
address (for example, WANJet-[192.168.168.100]-2-#).
11. Type the Netmask you want to assign to the WANJet appliance in the Set
WANJet Netmask prompt, and press <Enter>.
12. Type the WAN Gateway that the WANJet appliance will be using in the Set
WANJet Gateway prompt, and then press <Enter>.
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13. The serial interface prompts for four more options. Press <Enter> four times to
skip all these options and accept the default values.
14. After pressing <Enter> for the fourth time, wait until the procedure finishes. The
procedure is complete when you see a prompt displayed which contains the new
IP address (for example, WANJet-[172.16.1.140]-2-#).
15. Type exit to log off the WANJet appliance.
You have now successfully configured the network settings of the WANJet 200
appliance.
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Logon to the WANJet Web UI
This section shows how to log on to the WANJet Web UI and use the most important
Web UI functionality.
To log on to the WANJet Web UI:
Start a web browser and go to the following URL:
https://<your WANJet’s IP Address>:10000
For example, if the IP address is 192.168.168.102, go to:
https://192.168.168.102:10000
Be sure to add the “s” after http, and :10000 at the end of
the URL.
When this window appears, enter admin as the
username and the default password of swanlabs. Click
Log On.
The WANJet Web UI appears and your WANJet 200 unit
is now online. Use the Web UI for all WANJet
configuration.
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The WANJet Web UI selection
menu is shown below:
Deploying WANJet 200 in a Point-to-Point Configuration
WANJet 200 appliances can be deployed in different network configurations (i.e., onearm, point-to-point, redundant, and point-to-multipoint). This Guide assumes installation
in a point-to-point configuration as shown in the next figure. If you plan to deploy in any
of the other configurations, please consult the WANJet User Guide on the CD for
detailed installation instructions.
Both a local and a remote WANJet appliance need to be cabled and configured properly
before either appliance will optimize traffic.
The diagram below shows two WANJet 200 units in a point-to-point configuration. The
routers are connected to the WAN, and the WANJet is inserted between the LAN switch
and WAN gateway router. The LAN port on the WANJet is connected to the LAN switch,
and the WAN port on the WANJet is connected to WAN router.
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Firewall Guidelines
If a WANJet is placed behind a firewall, the following ports must to be opened to ensure
proper operation. Most should already be open except the Web UI and Local WANJet
ports.
Port
Number
WANJet Web UI (TCP port)
10000
Local WANJet management (TCP port)
3701
Local WANJet tunnel (TCP port)
3702
Local WANJet tunnel (TCP port)
3703
DNS (UDP port)
53
SNMP (UDP port)
161
SNMP Traps (UDP port - optional)
162
SSH (TCP port)
22
ICMP packets (for pinging the appliance)
N/A
Cabling the WANJet 200
1. Connect the supplied blue Ethernet CAT6 cable to the LAN port on the rear of
the WANJet. Connect the other end to your LAN Switch.
2. Verify that the Link LED on the front panel above the LAN Port is lit.
If the Link LED is not lit, refer to the troubleshooting section of this guide.
3. Connect the supplied orange crossover CAT6 Ethernet cable to the WAN Port on
the rear of the WANJet. Connect the other end to your WAN router.
4. Verify that the Link LED on the front panel above the WAN port is lit.
If the Link LED is not lit, refer to the troubleshooting section of this guide.
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Basic Configuration
To begin the configuration process, make sure you perform the basic configuration steps
below. Log in to the WANJet Web UI to perform all configuration. Refer to the section on
Logon to the WANJet Web UI for more information.
Important!
WANJet appliances are always configured in pairs. You need to perform these steps for
BOTH appliances in your network (both sides of the WAN link). You can perform all
configuration functions at each appliance, or from a single machine using the Web UI.
Assume that WANJet A is connected locally and that WANJet B is connected at the remote
side of the WAN Link. Refer to the configuration diagram in the Deploying WANJet in a
Point-to-Point Configuration. For this configuration, perform the general steps below:
On WANJet A: Verify the license key. For networks that have multiple subnets, set
the local LAN router IP address and add local subnets for WANJet A. Add WANJet B
as a remote WANJet.
On WANJet B: Verify the license key. For networks that have multiple subnets, set
the local LAN router IP address and add local subnets for WANJet B. Add WANJet A
as a remote WANJet.
Once the WAN link between the WANJet pair is up, subnet specifications are
automatically exchanged between the appliances. For example, the “local subnets”
specified on WANJet A are copied in as “remote subnets” for WANJet A in the
configuration information on WANJet B.
Verify the License Key
The license key can be found on the Packing List included with the WANJet 200
package.
1. Click the Local WANJet link on the System Settings area.
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2. Verify the WANJet license key in the License Key field. The license key should
match the key on the License Key Certificate. Type in the correct license key if
necessary.
3. Enter a name for the WANJet appliance in the WANJet Alias field (optional).
4. Click the Save button.
Specify the LAN Router and Add Local Subnets
Perform these steps only if you have more than one subnet in your LAN. The LAN
Router refers to the address of the next-hop router within your LAN. Check with your
network administrator if you are not sure if you need to specify additional subnets.
1. Enter the IP address of the router in the LAN Router field on the Local WANJet
page shown above.
2. Click the Save button.
3. Select the Optimization Policy link in the Operational Settings area to add local
subnets.
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4. Verify that the Include WANJet Subnet check box is selected. Leave this box
checked unless there is a reason not to optimize traffic from the subnet that
includes the WANJet.
5. Click the first Add button to add a local subnet.
6. Enter the subnet in the Local Subnet field (for example, 172.16.2.0).
7. Enter the appropriate netmask for the local subnet in the Netmask field (for
example, 255.255.255.0).
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8. Assign a string to identify the subnet in the Alias field (optional).
9. Check the Enabled radio button.
10. Click OK. If the combination of the local subnet address and the subnet mask do
not make sense you will receive an error message. Check with your Network
Administrator if you need help entering local subnets.
11. The Optimization Policy web page re-appears. The local subnet you just entered
is displayed.
Note that the local subnet specifications are written in a shorthand that expresses both
the subnet address and the subnet mask (for example, 172.16.1.0/24). In the example,
the /24 means that the first 24 bits of the address must match the local subnet address,
and the address of any host in the subnet is defined by the last 8 bits of the address (for
example, 172.16.1.6 is a valid address for the subnet).
12. Repeat steps 5 through 11 to add more subnets.
13. Click the Save button.
Adding a remote WANJet appliance
1. Click the Remote WANJets link in the System Settings area. The Remote WANJet
screen displays showing no remote appliances:
2. Click the Add button to add the remote appliance. The Manage Remote WANJet
screen displays.
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3. Enter the IP address of the remote WANJet appliance in the WANJet IP field.
4. Enter the shared key in the Shared Key field. The shared key is a character string
that is assigned by the Network Administrator. The only requirement for the
shared key is the key must match for any pair of WANJet appliances that
exchange information. This field must match the shared key entered used during
the configuration of the local appliance.
5. Leave all other fields alone and click OK. The Remote WANJets page appears
with the new remote appliance listed.
6. Click the Save button.
Perform this same procedure in the Web UI for the remote WANJet appliance, listing the
local appliance as a remote appliance to that one.
After you finish the initial configuration, you may need to perform more complicated
configuration tasks. For more detailed configuration options please see the WANJet
Configuration section in WANJet User Guide.
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Testing Connectivity
To test the connectivity between the local WANJet appliance and the remote appliances,
please perform the following steps for each appliance.
Check Status
Click the Status link at the Reports area to view the status of the remote appliances. A
green light displays next to the IP address of any remote WANJet appliances that are
connected.
Check Reports
If you have traffic passing through the network, click any of the throughput reports
such as Total, Sent, or Received in the Reports area. Optimized traffic reports should
be available.
Check Diagnostics
Click the Diagnostics link on the Reports area, and then click the Remote WANJets
link. On the Diagnose Remote WANJets page, check the Tunnel Status of the link you
want; the tunnel status should be up.
Troubleshooting
Q. I cannot ping the WANJet appliance.
A: Make sure the computer you are pinging from has a valid network connection. Try
pinging other known devices. Go to the Console port and make sure you have the
correct IP address for the appliance.
Q: I can ping the WANJet, but I cannot ping the WAN gateway router.
A: Re-check the cabling as described in the section Cabling the WANJet 200. Make sure
the gateway router is connected to the WANJet’s WAN port with the supplied crossover
cable.
Q: I cannot see that WANJet is optimizing traffic (or the optimization is extremely
low).
A: Review your configuration of local and remote subnets at BOTH appliances. You may
have heavy traffic on a subnet that is not included in the WANJet configuration. Make
sure you include all subnets for which traffic should be optimized.
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Q: Why does the Link LED for the WAN or LAN port not light up?
A: Verify that your cables are installed properly. Next, verify that the ports on the WAN
Router and the LAN Switch connected to the WANJet are set to auto-negotiate. If either
port is forced to a specific link speed and duplex value, you will need to set the
WANJet’s port to match this value. To reset the NIC configuration (link speed and duplex
value) for a WANJet port, follow the steps below.
1. Start a web browser and go to the WANJet URL:
https://<your WANJet’s IP Address>:10000
2. At the log in dialog, enter admin as the User Name, and leave the Password field
blank. Click Log On.
3. Select Nic Configuration from the System Settings area.
4. Set the Media Type for the eth1 (WAN) interface that will correspond to the link
between the WANJet and the WAN router. Select the correct option from the pulldown menu (for example, 100BaseTX Full-Duplex).
5. Set the Media Type for the eth0 (LAN) interface that will correspond to the link
between the WANJet and the LAN switch. Select the correct option from the pulldown menu. The speed and duplex value for LAN and WAN Media type should
match.
NOTE: It is strongly recommended that if you force the link for one of the WANJet
ports that you force the link for both ports. This will prevent any link
problems in pass-through mode if power to the WANJet appliance is lost.
6. Press the Save button and log off the WANJet Web UI.
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Technical Support Information
Phone
(+1) 206-272-6888
Fax
(+1) 206-272-6802
Web
http://tech.f5.com
FTP
ftp.f5.com
E-Mail
support@f5.com
For additional information, please visit http://www.f5.com
MAN-0212-00
Legal Notices
Copyright
Copyright 2005, F5 Networks, Inc. All rights reserved.
F5 Networks, Inc. (F5) believes the information it furnishes to be accurate and reliable. However, F5
assumes no responsibility for the use of this information, nor any infringement of patents or other rights of
third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any
patent, copyright, or other intellectual property right of F5 except as specifically described by applicable
iControl user licenses. F5 reserves the right to change specifications at any time without notice.
Trademarks
F5, F5 Networks, the F5 logo, BIG-IP, 3-DNS, iControl, GLOBAL-SITE, SEE-IT, EDGE-FX, FireGuard,
Internet Control Architecture, IP Application Switch, iRules, OneConnect, Packet Velocity, SYN Check,
Control Your World, ZoneRunner, uRoam, FirePass, TrafficShield, WANJet and WebAccelerator are
registered trademarks or trademarks of F5 Networks, Inc. in the U.S. and certain other countries. All other
trademarks mentioned in this document are the property of their respective owners. F5 Networks'
trademarks may not be used in connection with any product or service except as permitted in writing by F5.
Patents
This product protected by U.S. Patent 6,327,242. Other patents pending.
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