Emergency Preparedness Emergency Preparedness

Revised 12/05/07
The Pocket Guide to
Emergency Preparedness
Your safety. That’s why
public health is working.
We’re working around the clock to protect your health and safety.
Our work includes health promotion, disease prevention,
and serving as a frontline responder in the event of
a public health emergency. To learn more about the
Sonoma County Department of Health Services, visit us at
www.sonoma-county.org/health
or call 707-565-4400.
This guide can help you in the event of a major emergency. It has
information on how to plan for and respond to natural and created
disasters. Helpful web sites and phone numbers are also included.
Please read your guide carefully and keep it for future reference.
Sonoma County Department
of Health Services
www.sonoma-county.org/health
Sonoma County Department
of Health Services
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In the event of an
Earthquakes and their potential
for loss of life, injury, and
extensive property damage
are always a concern for
most Californians.
The following tips can help keep you safe:
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Have a Plan: Practice DUCK, COVER, and HOLD and teach children how to do it. This
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means: duck or drop down on the floor, take cover under a sturdy desk, table or other furniture,
and hold on to it and be prepared to move with it.
Prepare an Emergency Supplies Kit: Make sure you have the food, water,
medical supplies, and other materials you’ll need for at least 2 weeks after an earthquake.
When the Shaking Starts: DUCK, COVER, HOLD. Stay indoors until the
shaking stops. If you’re outside, find a clear spot away from buildings, trees, and power lines
and drop to the ground. If you’re in a car, slow down and drive to a clear place.
After the Shaking Stops: Get to a safe place outdoors if you think the structure
you’re in is in danger of collapsing. Provide first aid for anyone slightly injured and seek medical
attention for anyone seriously injured. Assume there will be aftershocks. Secure anything heavy
that could fall and eliminate fire hazards. Listen to the radio for instructions regarding turning
off gas and water. If you smell gas, or think it is leaking, shut it off. BUT REMEMBER: Only a
professional should turn it back on.
www.sonoma-county.org/health
Sonoma County Department
of Health Services
LIMIT THE SPREAD
OF DISEASE
In the event of a
Biological Emergency
S
ome bacteria or viruses can make people
seriously ill or cause death. During
biological emergencies Local, State and
Federal Public Health Officials will arrange
for the distribution of life-saving medications
to areas at risk of exposure. Your protection
and treatment will depend on the type of
organism, such as influenza or anthrax and
whether you have been directly exposed.
o
Wash hands frequently with soap and water for
at least 30 seconds OR use 60% alcohol hand sanitizer.
o
Cover coughs and sneezes with tissues-dispose of
tissues and then wash hands, OR cough or sneeze into
your sleeve.
o
If you are sick, stay home and away from others as
much as possible.
o
Don’t send sick children to school.
o
Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
KEEP THE HOUSEHOLD
ENVIRONMENT CLEAN
o
On a daily basis, clean surfaces and commonly
shared items like microwaves, refrigerator handles,
phones, remote controls, doorknobs and handles, toilet
seats and handles, faucets, light switches and toys. Use a
labeled household disinfectant or chlorine bleach mixture
(see below).
o
Store brand chlorine bleach can be used as a
disinfectant by mixing 1⁄4 cup chlorine bleach with 1 gallon
of cool water.
o
Stay healthy by eating a balanced diet, exercising
daily, getting enough rest and drinking plenty of
fluids. Remember to get your seasonal flu shot.
In the event of a
Chemical Emergency
A
chemical emergency occurs when a
hazardous chemical has been released
and the release has the potential for harming
peoples' health. Chemical releases can
be caused by an industrial accident or
through the intentional release of a harmful
substance. SHELTER IN PLACE or EVACUATION
orders may be issued for your protection.
Local authorities will give these orders only
when necessary.
In the event of a
Radiological Emergency
A
nuclear blast or an accident in a
nuclear power plant can cause the
spread of radiation. A terrorist attack with
a “dirty bomb” can also spread radiation
into the air. A “dirty bomb” is a mixture
of explosives, such as dynamite, with
radioactive powder or pellets.
SELF-DECONTAMINATION: If you have
been in contact with a chemical agent or radiation,
remove your clothes as quickly as possible. Put the
clothes in a plastic bag and seal. Take a shower and
wash with plenty of soap and lukewarm water. Do
not dispose of the plastic bag yourself. Call your
local emergency authorities for directions on how to
dispose of your clothes.
www.sonoma-county.org/health
PREVENTION
Rehydration Solution
For persistent vomiting or diarrhea, use the following:
4 cups of clean water
8 teaspoons of sugar
1 teaspoon of salt
Mix all ingredients until the sugar/salt disappears. You can
drink the solution at room temperature.
Please Note: Do not boil the solution because that will
reduce the solution’s helpfulness.
Important Medical Disclaimer
The information contained in this publication is not intended to replace
the expert care and advice of a qualified physician. Please contact your
personal physician regarding any medical problems.
IS IT A COLD OR FLU?
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Fever
5A>6
Rare
Headache
General Aches Pains
severe
Fatigue, Weakness
severe
Extreme Exhaustion
ning
Stuffy Nose
Sneezing
Sore Throat
Chest Discomfort,
Cough
Rare
Slight
8>G
Usual: high
(100 F - 102 F)
Common
Usual, often
Sometimes
Usual, often
Never
Usual, at begin-
Common
Usual
Common
Mild-Moderate
Hacking Cough
Sometimes
Sometimes
Sometimes
Common, can be
severe
Sonoma County Department
of Health Services
How to Get Information
in an Emergency
Local radio and television stations will provide information in the event of a major emergency. In some instances, the
Emergency Alert System (EAS) may be activated. Specific emergency instructions will be broadcast by:
Television:
Radio:
• KFTY Ch50
• KZST 100.1 FM
• KTVU Ch2
• KSRO AM 1350
• NBC11 Ch3
• KCBS AM 740
• KRON Ch4
• KBBF 89.1 FM (Spanish)
• KPIX Ch5
• KGO Ch7
Emergency instructions will provide information on whether it is safer to evacuate your home/workplace or whether
you will be better protected to Shelter In Place. If you are ordered to evacuate, the radio announcements will also advise
you on the safest place to go.
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Sonoma County Department of Health Services,
Public Health Division. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . www.sonoma-county.org/health/ph
Sonoma County Department of
Emergency Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .www.sonoma-county.org/des
U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . www.ready.gov
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . www.bt.cdc.gov
American Red Cross. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . www.redcross.org
CDC Pandemic Flu Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . www.pandemicflu.gov
What Not to Do in an Emergency
Do NOT
call 9-1-1 except in the case of a life-threatening situation. It is very important to keep these lines open
for life-threatening emergencies.
Do NOT
drive your vehicle unless you have been advised to evacuate or you have a medical emergency. Be sure to
check on road conditions or travel restrictions.
Do NOT
go to the hospital except in the case of a medical emergency.
Do NOT turn off any utilities unless you have been told to by emergency authorities—or unless you know there
has been some damage to gas pipes, water pipes, or electrical lines.
Do NOT
light matches or turn electrical switches on or off if you smell gas or think there may be a leak.
www.sonoma-county.org/health
Sonoma County Department
of Health Services
T
Your Best Protection
is Preparation
here are many types of emergencies. This Guide offers information about those that are large-scale disasters,
specifically earthquakes, flooding and acts of terrorism involving chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosive
agents.
If such a disaster occurs, you may be asked by authorities to take one of two different actions: SHELTER IN PLACE
(remain in your home or workplace), or EVACUATE (leave your home or workplace). In either case, it is important that you
and your family have an EMERGENCY PREPARATION PLAN.
The American Red Cross provides all the information you need to make your Emergency Preparation plan. You can call the Red
Cross at 707-577-7600 or visit their Web site at http://arcsm.org. In the meantime, it makes good sense to put together some
emergency supplies for your home, workplace, and car.
YOUR EMERGENCY SUPPLIES SHOULD INCLUDE:
■ A battery powered or wind-up radio.
■ Flashlights with fresh batteries.
Batteries should be stored separately.
■ A first aid kit, including emergency
medications and important
medical records.
■ A two week supply of food that doesn’t
need refrigeration, a manual can opener, and
eating utensils.
■ Trash bags, duct tape, sheets of plastic,
and disposable gloves.
■ Fire extinguishers.
■ A cell phone (make sure
it’s charged).
■ Add a shovel, booster cables, fix-a-flat,
and flares for your car.
■ Stored water in sealed unbreakable
containers; one gallon per person per day
for two weeks.
■ Face masks and gloves.
■ Chlorine bleach or water purification kit.
See 'Decontaminating Water.'
=
■ Hand sanitizer.
■ Prescription Medicines
(2-week supply).
◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ L]ZcNdjg8]^aY^hViHX]dda
Every school has an emergency plan that includes
evacuation destinations. Call your child’s school now
to find the location and write it down here:
Also, find out what documentation you or a designated person will need to provide
in order to pick up your child.
In the event of an evacuation, you will be notified by school officials where and when your
child can be picked up, so make certain the school has current information on where to reach
you. Radio or television stations may also carry instructions. Finally, make sure your child has
identification and phone numbers he or she can use to reach family or friends.
www.sonoma-county.org/health
Sonoma County Department
of Health Services
Shelter in Place:
Protecting
Protecting Yourself
Yourself at
at Home
Home or Work
Work
In the event of a chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, or explosive emergency,
authorities may direct you to SHELTER IN PLACE or EVACUATE.
The term "Shelter In Place" means remaining inside your home or place of work and
protecting yourself there.
When exposure to a hazardous
substance is imminent, officials may
advise you to shelter in place:
◆
1
2
◆
3
◆
4
◆
Stay calm.
Bring children and pets
indoors immediately.
Close and lock all windows
and outside doors.
Turn off all fans, heating and air
conditioning systems, close exterior
doors and windows.
5
◆
6
◆
If you have a fireplace, close the
damper.
◆
7
Go to an interior room, ideally
without windows.
In case of a chemical threat, a room
above ground is preferable because
some chemicals are heavier than air
and may seep into the basement.
◆
8
Listen to the radio or TV for
emergency instructions and Shelter In
Place until you are told all is safe.
Gather your disaster
supplies and battery
powered radio.
www.sonoma-county.org/health
Evacuation: Prepare a "Grab and Go"
EMERGENCY KIT
In some emergencies, you may be asked to evacuate. In
that case, you’ll want an easy-to-carry container, like
a backpack or duffle bag, with adequate emergency
supplies. It’s a good idea to keep some cash in your
emergency kit. Store the kit in a convenient location.
Also, be sure that everyone in the family has a list of
important phone numbers and that you’ve decided
on two alternative places to meet in case you become
separated.
Sonoma County Department
of Health Services
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HOSPITALS
(pdenotes trauma center)
Santa Rosa Memorial Hospital p
1165 Montgomery Drive
Santa Rosa, CA 95405
707-546-3210
www.stjosephhealth.org/santarosa/
Kaiser Medical Center
401 Bicentennial Way
Santa Rosa, CA 95403
707-571-4000
www.kaiserpermanente.org
Palm Drive Hospital
501 Petaluma Avenue
Sebastopol, CA 95472
707-823-8511
www.palmdrivehospital.com
Petaluma Valley Hospital
400 N. McDowell Boulevard
Petaluma, CA 94954
707-778-1111
Emergency Room 707-778-2634
www.stjosephhealth.org/petalumavalley/
Sonoma Valley Hospital
347 Andrieux
Sonoma, CA 95476
707-935-5000
www.svh.com
Healdsburg District Hospital
1375 University Avenue
Healdsburg, CA 95448
707-431-6500
www.h-g-h.org
Sutter Medical Center
3325 Chanate Road
Santa Rosa, CA 95404
707-576-4000
www.suttersantarosa.org
Important
PUBLIC HEALTH AND PUBLIC SAFETY
PHONE NUMBERS
The following are numbers for disaster
and emergency related help and information.
Sonoma County Department of
Emergency Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 707-565-1152
911 Emergency Only. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 911
Sonoma County Public Information Hotline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 707-565-3856
Sonoma County Sheriff’s Department . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 707-565-2511
Sonoma County Public Health Information Line. . . . . . . . . . . 707-565-4477
CalTrans (highway conditions). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-800-427-7623
American Red Cross
Sonoma County Chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 707-577-7600
California Poison Control Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-800-876-4766
www.sonoma-county.org/health
Sonoma County Department
of Health Services
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When a FLOOD WATCH is issued
• Tune in to local radio and TV stations for information and advice.
• Move valuable household possessions to the upper floors of your home.
• Fill your car’s gas tank in the event an evacuation order is issued.
• Know safe routes from your home or office to high, safe ground.
• Establish an out-of-state "family contact" so that friends and relatives will know who to
call to get information about you.
When a FLOOD WARNING is issued
• Watch for signs of flash flooding and be ready to evacuate on a moment’s notice.
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4 Stay tuned in to local radio and TV stations for
information and advice.
4 If advised by local authorities to leave your
home, move to a safe area before access is cut
off by flood water.
4 Before leaving, disconnect all electrical
appliances, and if advised by your local utility,
shut off electric circuits at the fuse panel and gas
service at the meter.
4 Avoid areas that are subject to sudden flooding.
4 Do not try to cross a flowing stream where water
is above your knees. Even water as low as 6 inches
deep may cause you to be swept away by strong
currents.
4 Do not try to drive over a flooded road or around
barricades. This may cause you to be both
stranded and trapped.
4 If your car stalls, abandon it IMMEDIATELY and
seek higher ground. Many deaths have resulted
from attempts to move stalled vehicles.
4 Use the telephone ONLY for emergency needs or to
report dangerous conditions.
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Residents are advised not to use contaminated water for drinking, cooking or
bathing until the water has been disinfected using a chlorine solution or has
been tested and determined to be safe. Any wellhead that has been covered by
floodwaters should be considered contaminated. Water disinfection options are:
• Boil water vigorously for 3-5 minutes, OR
• Add 8 drops of chlorine bleach to 1 gallon of clear water,
let stand for 30 minutes, OR
• Add 16 drops of chlorine bleach to 1 gallon of unclear water, let stand for 30
minutes, OR
• Use water purification tablets (available for purchase at hardware stores and
pharmacies) per directions.
www.sonoma-county.org/health
Sonoma County Department
of Health Services
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