GPS
Vehicle
Tracker
USER MANUAL
V5.0
VT310
Updated on 26/12/2008
Contents
1
Product Overview
3
2
For Your Safety
3
3
VT310 Parameters
3
4
Getting Started
4
4.1 Hardware and Accessories
4
4.2 Light and Button Functionality
4
4.3 Connecting and Installation
5
4.4 Examples of Interfacing Application
6
SMS Command
8
5.1 Basic SMS Commands
8
5
5.1.1 Position Report
8
5.1.2 Set Interval for Automatic Timed Report
8
5.1.3 Stop Automatic Timed Report
8
5.2 GPRS Setting by SMS
8
5.2.1 Set ID for VT310
9
5.2.2 Set APN
9
5.2.3 Set IP Address and Port
9
5.2.4 Set Time Interval for Sending GPRS Packet
9
5.2.5 Enable GPRS Tracking Function
9
6
Tracking on Map
9
7
Troubleshooting
11
8
SMS Command List
12
-2-
1 Product Overview
VT310 is a GPS/GSM/GPRS tracking device which is specially developed and designed for vehicle
real-time tracking and security. With superior GPS and GPRS modules, VT310 has good sensitivity and
stable performance. It can get accurate GPS fix even in remote places.
Main Features:
Tracking via SMS or GPRS (TCP/UDP)
Current location report
Tracking by time interval
Position logging capacity up to 260,000+ waypoints
Built-in motion sensor for power saving
SOS panic button
Geo-fencing control
Low battery alert
Speeding alert
Engine Cut
Wiretapping (optional)
Alert when VT310 enters/exits GPS blind area
Alert when VT310 is turned on
I/O: 5 digital inputs, 3 negative and 2 positive triggering; 5 outputs.
Analog Input: 2 10 bits resolution analog inputs
2 For Your Safety
Read these simple guidelines. Not following them may be dangerous or illegal. Read the full user manual
for more information.
Proper Connection - When connecting with other device, read carefully its manual so as to carry out
correct installation. Do not connect it to other incompatible devices.
Qualified Accessories - Use original parts, qualified batteries and peripheral equipments to avoid damage
to VT310.
Safe Driving - Drivers should not operate this product while driving.
Qualified Service - Only qualified personnel can install or repair VT310.
Water Resistance - VT310 is not water resistant. Keep it dry. Install it inside the vehicle or use waterproof
bag if necessary.
Confidential Phone Number - For safety reason, do not tell other people the mobile phone number of your
VT310 without taking precautions of security settings.
3 VT310 Parameters
Power Supply
+9V - +35V / 1.5A
Backup Battery
850mAh
Dimension
104mm x 62mm x 24mm
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Installation Dimension
104mm x 83mm x 24mm
Weight
150g
Operating temperature
-20° to 55° C
Humidity
5% to 95% Non-condensing
Frequency
GSM 900/1800/1900Mhz or GSM 850/900/1800/1900Mhz
GPS Module
latest GPS SIRF-Star III chipset
GPS Sensitivity
-158Db
GPS Frequency
L1, 1575.42 MHz
C/A Code
1.023 MHz chip rate
Channels
20 channel all-in-view tracking
Position Accuracy
10 meters, 2D RMS
Velocity Accuracy
0.1 m/s
Time Accuracy
1 us synchronized to GPS time
Default datum
WGS-84
Reacquisition
0.1 sec., average
Hot start
1 sec., average
Warm start
38 sec., average
Cold start
42 sec., average
Altitude Limit
18,000 meters (60,000 feet) max.
Velocity Limit
515 meters/second (1000 knots) max.
LED
2 LED lights to show GPS/GSM working status.
Flash Memory
8MB
Interface
5 digital inputs, 3 negative and 2 positive triggering; 2 analog inputs;
5 outputs.
4 Getting Started
This section will describe how to set up your VT310.
4.1 Hardware Features
VT310 includes:
• VT310 Main Unit
• GPS Antenna
• GSM Antenna
• Wires
• USB Cable with converter
• CD including
- User Manual
- Other document or software if required
4.2 Light and Button Functionality
Blue LED - indicating GPS status
On
One or more inputs are active
Flashing ( every 0.1 second)
The unit is being Initialized
Flashing (on for 0.1 second and off for 2.9 seconds)
VT310 has a GPS fix
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Flashing (on for 1 second and off for 2 seconds)
VT310 has no GPS fix
Green LED - indicating GSM status
On
One call is coming in/ one call is being made
Flashing ( every 0.1 second)
The unit is being Initialized
Flashing (on for 0.1 second and off for 2.9 seconds)
VT310 is connected to the GSM network
Flashing (on for 1 second and off for 2 seconds)
VT310 is not connected to the GSM network
SOS Button
Press it to send SMS alert
4.3 Connecting and Installation
Read this manual before using your VT310 and check if all parts are included in the packaging box.
Ensure that your VT310 has a working SIM installed.
- Check that the SIM has not run out of credit (test the SIM in a phone to make sure it can send and
receive SMS)
- Check that the SIM Lock code is turned off
- If you require the function of sending an SMS location report to the authorized phone number when it
makes a call to the VT310, please make sure the SIM installed supports displaying caller ID.
Before inserting SIM card, cut off the power for the AVL unit.
Install SIM Card
- Unscrew and remove the front cover of your VT310.
- Insert the SIM card by sliding it into the card slot with the chip module facing to the connectors on PCB.
- Put back the front cover and screw it up.
Connect the GSM Antenna to the unit.
Connect the GPS Antenna to the unit.
- GPS antenna is used to receive satellite signals in the sky. It should be fixed to face the sky and should
not be covered or shielded by any objects containing metal, such as the metallic windshield.
Find a suitable place inside the car for installing the unit. Wiring connections must be firm and reliable
and the joints should be wrapped with insulating tape tightly. The unused electrical wire should be
properly insulated.
Check if all wirings have been connected correctly and then connect the unit to
the motor power.
A connector for microphone is set in the PCB. If you need to link with an extra microphone for wiretapping
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purpose, contact us to add this optional function before we deliver the devices to you.
Installation Guide:
Descriptions of PINs
Pin
Color
Function
1
Red
DC In. Input voltage: 9V~35V. 12V suggested.
2
Black
GND
3
White
Digital Inputs
4
Yellow
Outputs
5
Blue
10 Bits Resolution Analog Inputs.
Input voltage: 0~6V.
Mini USB Port
Connect the tracker with computer by USB cable for configuration and reading stored waypoints data.
You need to install the driver - PL-2303 Driver Installer - for using the USB cable.
Refer to <GPS Tracker Parameter Editor> for configuration and <GPSLog User Guide> for reading
stored waypoints.
4.4 Examples of Interfacing Application
For Input Ports
1. SOS Button - Input 1 / Input 2 / Input 3
SOS Button
Black
White
Input 1 or Input 2 or Input 3
2. Ignition Detection - Input 4 / Input 5
Input 4 or Input 5
Ignition
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3. Detecting Lock Status of Car’s Door or Trunk(Car Boot): Locked or Unlocked - Input 4 / Input 5
Power positive
+12v/+24v
Status
Input 4 or Input 5
Lock
Power negative
Output 1
4. Connecting with Sensors (such as weight sensor) - Input 2 / Input3
Input 2 / Input 3
Weight Sensor
+12v/+24v
For Output Ports
1.
Engine Cut
Car power supply
Car battery
+12v/+24v
Relay
Output 1
2.
Connecting with Car Alarm
+12v/+24v
Alarm
Output 2
For Analog Input
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5 SMS Command
VT310 will only accept commands from a user with the correct password. Commands with wrong
password are ignored. The default password is 000000.
5.1 Basic SMS Commands
5.1.1 Position Report
To know the location of your VT310, send an SMS or make a telephone call directly to VT310 and it will
report its location by SMS.
Command: W<password>,<000>
Notes: The default password is 000000.
Example:
SMS sent: W000000,000
SMS received:
Latitude = 22 32 36.63N Longitude = 114 04 57.37E, Speed = 2.6854Km/h, 2008-12-24,01:50
To get VT310’s position by another easier way:
(a) Call VT310 using your mobile phone.
(b) After listening to the ring for 10 - 20 seconds, hang up the phone.
(c) Then after 20 second, your mobile phone will receive a position SMS.
5.1.2 Set Interval for Automatic Timed Report
Description: Automatic timed reports will be sent to your mobile phone according to the time interval you
set.
Command: W<password>,002,XXX
Notes: XXX is the interval in minute. If XXX=000 it will stop tracking
Example:
SMS sent: W000000,002,005
SMS received: Set Timer Ok/005
VT310 will then report its location by SMS every 5 minutes.
5.1.3 Stop Automatic Timed Report
Description: Automatic timed reports will stop once VT310 receives stop command.
Command: W<password>,002,000
Example:
SMS sent: W000000,002,000
SMS received: Set Timer Ok/000
VT310 will stop automatic timed report
For more detailed SMS commands please go to Chapter 8 - SMS Command List
5.2 GPRS Settings by SMS
Tracking via GPRS, you should set IP, Port and APN for VT310.
Ensure that your SIM card in VT310 supports GPRS connection prior to setting.
-8-
5.2.1 Set ID for VT310
Command: W<password>,010,ID
Note: Tracker ID must not over 14 digits.
Example: W000000,010,123456789
VT310 will then reply with an SMS (‘Set SIM Ok/123456789’) to confirm this setting.
5.2.2 Set APN
Command: W<password>,011,APN,APN Name,APN Password
Note: If no APN name and password required, input APN only.
Example: W000000,011,CMNET
VT310 will reply with an SMS (like ‘Set APN Ok/CMNET’) to confirm this setting.
5.2.3 Set IP Address and Port
Command: W<password>,012,IP,PORT
Example: W000000,012,202.116.11.12,8000
VT310 will then reply an SMS (‘Set IP Ok /202.116.11.12,8000’) to confirm this setting.
5.2.4 Set Time Interval for Sending GPRS Packet
Command: W<password>,014,time interval(in unit of 10 seconds)
Example: W000000,014,00003
VT310 will send GPRS packet every 30 seconds
5.2.5 Enable GPRS Tracking Function
Command: W<password>,013,X
X=0, to turn off GPRS tracking function (default);
X=1, to set TCP
X=2, to set UDP
Example: W000000,013,1
VT310 will reply with an SMS to confirm this setting.
For more information regarding of bulk configuration by USB cable please refer to < GPS Tracker
Parameter Editor>.
For more information regarding GPRS settings please refer to <GPRS Communication Protocol >.
If you are using GpsGate Software, please contact us for writing GpsGate protocol before
delivery.
6 Tracking on Map
Download Google Earth from http://earth.google.com/
Start the Google Earth (For more information about Google Earth please refer to http://earth.google.com/)
as the following picture shows:
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Input the latitude and longitude that you receive from the tracker by SMS and click the search button.
Google Earth will display the location for you.
Example:
When you receive:
Latitude = 22 32 40.05N
Longitude = 114 04 57.74E
Type as the following picture shows:
(Note: you should input the latitude and longitude as: 22 32 40.05N 114 04 57.74E)
Now you can find the location of your tracker:
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Or you can start the Internet Explorer and connect to http://maps.google.com for displaying the location.
Or you can use local map software on PDA or car navigation device to input the coordinates.
7 Troubleshooting
Problem: Unit will not turn on
Possible Cause:
Resolution:
Wiring was not connected properly
Check and make sure wiring connection is in order.
Battery needs charging
Recharge battery
Problem: Unit will not respond to SMS
Possible Cause:
Resolution:
GSM antenna was not installed properly
Make VT310 connected to GSM network.
GSM Network is slow
Wait for SMS. Some GSM networks slow down during
peak time or when they have equipment problems.
Unit is sleeping
Cancel sleeping mode
Wrong password in your SMS or wrong SMS format
Write correct password or SMS format
The SIM in VT310 has run out of credit
Replace or top up the SIM card
No SIM card
Insert working SIM card. Check in phone that the SIM
can send SMS message.
SIM card has expired
Check in phone that the SIM can send SMS
message. Replace SIM card if needed.
SIM has PIN code set
Remove PIN code by inserting SIM in you phone and
deleting the code.
SIM is warped or damaged
Inspect SIM, clean the contacts. If re-inserting does
not help try another to see if it will work.
Roaming not enabled
If you are in a different country your SIM account
must have roaming enabled.
Problem: SMS received starts with ‘Last…’
Possible Cause:
Resolution:
Unit does not have clear view of the sky
Move the antenna of the unit to a location where the
sky is visible.
VT310 is in an inner place
Wait for the target to come out
Battery is low
Recharge the unit and the GPS will start working.
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8 SMS Command List
(Remarks: ****** is user’s password, and the default password is 000000)
Description
Command
Remarks
Get current location
W******,000
Get current location of VT310
Change user’s password
W******,001,######
****** is old password
###### is new password
Set interval for automatic
W******,002,XXX
XXX is the interval in minute. If
XXX=000 it will stop tracking
timed report
Set preset phone number
W******,003,F,P,T
F=0, to turn off this function;
F=1, to send SMS;
for SOS button
As SOS button is linked to IN1, P=1.
T: Preset phone number. Max 16 digits
W******,004,X
Set low power alert
X (voltage preset value)
=0 , to turn off this function
When
VT310
voltage
is
=1, <3.3V send SMS alert
lower than the preset value,
=2 , <3.4V send SMS alert
it will send one low power
=3 , <3.5V send SMS alert (default )
alert to the SOS preset
=4 , <3.6V send SMS alert
number.
=5 , <3.7V send SMS alert
Set over speed alert
W******,005,XX
XX (the preset value of speed)
When VT310 speeds higher
=00 , to turn off this function
than the preset value, it will
=[01, 20] (unit: 10Km/h)
send an SMS to the SOS
For example, W000000,005,08, it will
preset number.
sent alert when it is over 80Km/h
Set Geo-fence alert
W******,006,XX
XX ( preset distance to original place )
=00, close
When the VT310 moves out
=01, 30m
of preset scope, it will send
=02, 50m
one Geo-fence SMS to the
=03, 100m
SOS preset number.
=04, 200m
=05, 300m
=06, 500m
=07, 1000m
=08, 2000m
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Extend Settings
W******,008,ABCDEFG###
A=0, turn off the function of sending an
SMS location report to the authorized
phone number when it makes a call to
VT310.
A=1, turn on the function of sending an
SMS location report to the authorized
phone number when it makes a call to
VT310.
B=0, location data of NMEA 0183
GPRMC will be interpreted into normal
text for easy reading.
For example:
Longitude = 114 degree - 04 cent
-57.74 second
Latitude = 22 degree -32 cent -40.05
second
B=1, location data complies with NMEA
0183 GPRMC protocol.
For example:
$GPRMC,072414.000,V,3114.3763,N,
12131.3255,E,0.00,0.00,050805,*00
C=0,
turn
off
the
function
to
automatically hang up an incoming call.
C=1,
turn
on
the
function
to
automatically hang up an incoming call
after 4 - 5 rings.
D=0, Turn off the function of sending an
SMS when VT310 is turned on.
D=1, Turn on the function of sending an
SMS to SOS number when VT310 is
turned on.
E=0, reserved
E=1, VT310 shuts down automatically
when the power voltage lower than 3V.
F=0, Turn off the alert when VT310
enters GPS blind area.
F=1, Turn on the alert when VT310
enters GPS blind area. SMS is to be
sent to SOS number
G=0, LED light works normally
G=1, LED light stops flashing when
VT310 working.
### is the ending character
(default value is: ABCDEFG=1000100 )
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Presetting by SMS for GPRS tracking (Ensure that your SIM card supports GPRS connection prior to setting)
Set ID for VT310
W******,010,ID
Tracker ID must not over 14 digits.
Set APN
W******,011,APN,APNName,APN
If
Password
required, just insert APN only;
no
APN
name
and
password
APN defaulted as ‘CMNET’;
APN + APN name + password not over
39 characters.
Set IP Address and Port
W******,012,IP, Port
IP: xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx Port: [1,65534]
Enable
W******,013,X
X=0, close GPRS (default);
GPRS
Tracking
Function
X=1, enable TCP
X=2, enable UDP
Set
Time
Interval
for
W******,014,XXXXX
Sending GPRS Packet
XXXXX should be in five digitals and in
unit of 10 seconds.
XXXXX=00000, to close this function;
XXXXX=00001~65535, time interval for
sending GPRS packet and in unit of 10
seconds.
For more information regarding GPRS settings please refer to <GPRS Communication Protocol>
W******,020,P,F
Output Control
P =1, Out1
=2, Out2
=3, Out3
=4, Out4
=5, Out5
F =0, to close the output
=1, to open the output
Output
Control
(Safe
W******,120,ABCDE
ABCDE represents Out1, Out2, Out3,
mode)
Out4, and Out5 respectively.
This function is achievable
If A or B or C or D or E,
when the speed is below
=0, to close the output
10km/h
=1, to open the output
and
GPS
is
available.
=2, to remain previous status
W******,021,XX###
Set sleep mode
for saving power
XX=00 turn off sleep mode
XX=01 sleep mode
XX=02 deep sleep mode
### is the ending character
Set power saving mode
W******,026,XX
XX=00, to turn off this function
when VT310 is inactive
XX=01~99, to set this function. It is in
(In power saving mode, GPS
unit of minute.
stops working. GSM enters
Example:
standby
stop
If XX=10, VT310 will enter power
sending out message until it
saving mode after it is immobile for 10
is activated by an SMS or an
minutes.
mode
and
incoming call)
- 14 -
Set
phone
number
for
W******,030,T
T
is
the
telephone
number
for
wiretapping and max. 16 digits
wiretapping
Set interval for logging
W******,031,X
X=0, to turn off this function
(Note: this interval is not
X=[1, 65535] to set interval in second.
relevant to the interval of
For example, W000000,031,60, VT310
continuous tracking)
will
store
location
data
every 60
seconds.
Set time zone difference
W******,032,T
T=0, to turn off this function
T=[1, 65535] to set time difference in
minute to GMT. Default value is GMT
For those ahead of GMT, just input the
time difference in minute directly. For
example, W000000,032,120
‘-‘is required for those behind GMT. For
example, W000000,032,-120.
Set character for SOS alert
W******,033,1,Char
and max 32 characters
message
Get
version
and
serial
W******,600
To get version and serial number of
current firmware
number
Get IMEI
Char is the character in SOS message
W******,601
To get IMEI
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