Deutronicstraße 5
D-84166 Adlkofen / Germany
Tel.: +49 (0)8707 / 920-199
Fax: +49 (0)8707 / 1004
E-Mail: sales@deutronic.com
http://www.deutronic.com
Manual
VAS MPC4 Battery Charger with
integrated charging rate check “VAS I-CHECK”
(14VDC output voltage for 12VDC lead based batteries)
Ready
to us
Flash
-appli e in
cation
s
Important note:
VAS MPC4 -14VDC - EN
Only qualified personnel is allowed to use the charger. Do not use the charger
in applications for which the device was not originally designed! Read operation
instructions carefully! In any case pay attention to the safety instructions and
follow the guidelines of the battery manufacturer!
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Content
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
General safety instructions......................................................................................................... 2
Technical Data ........................................................................................................................... 7
Connections and Control Elements............................................................................................ 7
Initial Operation / Handling ......................................................................................................... 8
Operation Mode ...................................................................................................................... 10
5. a)
SUPPLYMENU – for power supply mode .................................................................... 10
5. b)
CHARGEMENU – for battery charge mode ................................................................. 10
5. c)
DEVICEMENU – for device specific parameter setting ................................................ 12
5. d)
Charging Rate Check „VAS I-CHECK” ......................................................................... 15
6) Operation Mode / Status / Error Messages ............................................................................. 22
7) Annex – CELLCHECK / SHORT CELL DETECT ................................................................... 23
8) Annex – Indication / LED and Signal Lamp ............................................................................. 24
9) Annex – Characteristic Curves ................................................................................................ 25
10)
Notes ................................................................................................................................... 26
11)
Annex – Accessories ........................................................................................................... 27
12)
Service Center / Repair ....................................................................................................... 27
Features:
Secure Flash mode for cars electronic
All charging parameters configurable
• Comfortable menu guide
• Extensive protection functions and self-protection functions
• Short circuit and reverse polarity protection
• Switchable option to adjustable power supply
• Protection of on board electronical system
• Complete protective functions against defect batteries
• Reliable sparking suppression
• Sealed housing, protected against internal pollution
Utilized and approved by well known automotive manufactures
•
•
1) General safety instructions
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
The charger is designed for professional applications for motor vehicle manufacturers and garages.
The charger might only be utilised for the appointed applications.
Depending on the type of charger it is only allowed to contact lead (Pb) batteries with 12 Volt
nominal voltage.
The battery which has to be charged must have a nominal capacity of 1Ah at minimum.
It is not possible and not allowed to charge non rechargeable batteries with this device.
Charging of fresh filled or defective batteries is explicitly forbidden.
In any case pay attention to the guidelines of the battery manufacturer!
•
•
Mains cables must always be in a proper state, renew defective cables immediately.
The device mustn’t be opened because as well the test certification as the warranty expires.
The battery charger contains components which are likely to generate electric arcs and sparks, thus
the device has to be placed during operation in a special housing or in a room provided for this
purpose.
Warning: When charging batteries explosive gases may occur. As a fact of that avoid fire, open light
and spark formation.
Only charge batteries in well ventilated places.
VAS MPC4 -14VDC - EN
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IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS and INSTRUCTIONS
IMPORTANTES CONCERNANT LA SÉCURITÉ
1. SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
This manual contains important safety and operating instructions.
and
CONSERVER CES INSTRUCTIONS: CE MANUEL CONTIENT DES INSTRUCTIONS
IMPORTANTES CONCERNANT LA SÉCURITÉ ET LE FONCTIONNEMENT.
2. Do not expose charger to rain or snow
3. Use of an attachment not recommended or sold by the battery charger manufacturer may
result in a risk of fire, electric shock, or injury to persons.
4. To reduce risk of damage to electric plug and cord, pull by plug rather than cord when
disconnecting charger.
5. An extension cord should not be used unless absolutely necessary. Use of improper
extension cord may result in a risk of fire and electric shock. If extension cord must be
used, make sure:
a) That pins on plug of extension cord are the same number, size, and shape as those of
plug on charger
b) That extension cord is properly wired and in good electrical condition; and
c) That wire size is large enough for ac ampere rating of charger
6. Do not operate charger with damaged cord or plug – replace the cord or plug immediately.
7. Do not operate charger if it has received a sharp blow, been dropped, or
damaged in any way; take it to a qualified serviceman or service center.
otherwise
8. Do not disassemble charger; take it to a qualified serviceman or service center when
service or repair is required. Incorrect reassembly may result in a risk of electric shock or
fire.
9. To reduce risk of electric shock, unplug charger from outlet before attempting any
maintenance or clearing. Turning off controls will not reduce this risk.
10. WARNING – RISK OF EXPLOSIVE GASES
a) WORKING IN THE VICINITY OF A LEAD-ACID BATTERY IS DANGEROUS:
BATTERIES GENERATE EXPLOSIVE GASES DURING NORMAL BATTERY OP
ERATION: FOR THIS REASON; IT IS OF UTMOST IMPORTANCE THAT EACH TIME
BEFORE USING YOUR CHARGER; YOU READ THIS MANUAL AND FOLLOW THE
INSTRUCTIONS EXACTLY
and
IL EST DANGEREUX DE TRAVAILLER A PROXIMITÉ D´UNE BATTERIE AU PLOMB.
LES BATTERIES PRODUISENT DES GAZ EXPLOSIFS EN SERVICE NORMAL. IL
EST AUSSI IMPORTANT DE TOUJOURS RELIRE LES INSTRUCTIONS AVANT
D’UTILISER LE CHARGEUR ET DE LES SUIVRE Á LA LETTRE.
b) Reduce risk of battery explosion, follow these instructions and those published by
battery manufacturer and manufacturer of any equipment you intend to use in vicinity of
battery. Review cautionary marking on these products and on engine.
and
POUR RÉDUIRE LE RISQUE D´EXPLOSION, LIRE CES INSTRUCTIONS ET
CELLES QUI FIGURENT SUR LA BATTERIE.
VAS MPC4 -14VDC - EN
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11. PERSONAL PRECAUTIONS
a) Someone should be within range of your voice or close enough to come to your aid
when you work near a lead-acid battery.
b) Have plenty of fresh water and soap nearby in case battery acid contacts skin, clothing,
or eyes.
c) Wear complete eye protection and clothing protection. Avoid touching eyes while
working near battery.
d) If battery acid contacts skin or clothing, wash immediately with soap and water. If acid
enters eye, immediately flood eye with running cold water for at least 10 minutes and
get medical attention immediately.
e) NEVER smoke or allow a spark or flame in vicinity of battery or engine
and
NE JAMAIS FUMER PRÈS DE LA BATTERIE OU DU MOTEUR ET ÉVITER TOUTE
ÉTINCELLE OU FLAMME NUE À PROXIMITÉ DE CES DERNIERS.
f) Be extra cautious to reduce risk of dropping a metal tool onto battery. It might spark or
short-circuit battery or other electrical part that may cause explosion.
g) Remove personal metal items such as rings, bracelets, necklaces, and watches when
working with lead-acid battery. A lead-acid battery can produce a short-circuit current
high enough to weld a ring or similar metal items, causing a severe burn.
h) Use charger for charging a LEAD ACID battery only. It is not intended to supply power
to a low voltage electrical system other than in starter-motor application. Do not use
battery charger for charging dry-cell batteries that are commonly used with home
appliances. These batteries may burst and cause injury to persons and damage to
property.
i) NEVER charge a frozen battery.
12. PREPARING TO CHARGE
a) If it is necessary to remove battery from vehicle to charge, always remove grounded
terminal from battery first. Make sure all accessories in the vehicle are off, so as not to
cause an arc.
b) Be sure area around battery is well ventilated while battery is being charged. Gas can
be forcefully blown away by using a piece of cardboard or other non-metallic material as
a fan.
c) Clean battery terminals. Be careful to keep corrosion from coming in contact with eyes.
d) Add distilled water in each cell until battery acid reaches level specified by battery
manufacturer. This helps purge excessive gas from cell. Do not overfill. For a battery
without cell-caps, carefully follow manufacturers recharging instructions.
e) Study all battery manufacturer‘s specific precautions such as removing or not removing
cell caps while charging and recommended rates of charge.
f) Determine voltage of battery by referring to car owner‘s manual and make sure it
matches output rating of battery charger.
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13. CHARGER LOCATION
a) Locate charger as far away from battery as dc cables permit.
b) Never place charger directly above battery being charged; gases from battery will
corrode and damage charger.
c) Never allow battery acid to dip on charger when reading gravity or filling battery.
d) Do not operate charger in a closed-in area or restrict ventilation in any way.
e) Do not set a battery on top of charger.
14. DC CONNECTION PRECAUTIONS
a) Connect and disconnect dc output clips only after setting any charger switches to off
Position and removing ac cord from electric outlet. Never allow clips to touch each
other.
b) Attach clips to battery and chassis as indicated in 15(e), 15(f), 16(b), and 16(c)
15. FOLLOW THESE STEPS WHEN BATTERY IS INSTALLED IN VEHICLE. A SPARK
NEAR BATTERY MAY CAUSE BATTERY EXPLOSION: TO REDUCE RISK OF SPARK
NEAR BATTERY:
a) Position ac and dc cords to reduce risk of damage by hood, door, or moving engine
part.
b) Stay clear of fan blades, belts, pulleys, and other parts that can cause injury to persons.
c) Check polarity of battery posts POSITIVE (POS, P, +) battery post usually has larger
diameter than NEGATIVE (NEG, N, -) post.
d) Determine which post of battery is grounded (connected) to the chassis. If negative post
is grounded to chassis (as in most vehicles), see (e). If positive post is grounded to the
chassis, see (f)
e) For negative-grounded vehicles, connect POSITIVE (RED) clip from battery charger to
POSITIVE (POS, P, +) ungrounded post of battery. Do not connect clip to carburator,
fuel lines, or sheet-metal body parts.
f) For positive-grounded vehicle, connect NEGATIVE (BLACK) clip from charger to
NEGATIVE (NEG, N, -) ungrounded post of battery. Do not connect clip to carburator,
fuel lines, or sheet-metal body parts.
g) When disconnecting charger, turn switches to off, disconnect AC cord, and then remove
clip from battery terminal.
h) See operating instructions for length of charge information
16. FOLLOW THESE STEPS WHEN BATTERY IS OUTSIDE VEHICLE. A SPARK NEAR
THE BATTERY MAY CAUSE BATTERY EXPLOSION: TO REDUCE RISK OF SPARK NEAR
BATTERY:
a) Check polarity of battery posts. POSITIVE (POS, P, +) battery post usually has a larger
diameter than NEGATIVE (NEG, N, -) post.
b) Connect POSITIVE (RED) charger clip to POSITIVE (POS, P, +) post of battery.
c) Connect NEGATIVE (BLACK) charger clip to free end of cable.
d) Do not face battery when making final connection.
e) When disconnecting charger, always do so in reverse sequence of connecting
procedure.
VAS MPC4 -14VDC - EN
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GROUNDING AND AC POWER CORD CONNECTION INSTRUCTIONS
Versions having 120-volts nominal input voltage:
This battery charger is for use on a nominal 120-volt circuit, and has a grounding plug that
looks like the plug illustrated in sketch A in Figure 50.1. A temporary adapter, which looks like
the adapter illustrated in sketch B and C, may be used to connect this plug to a two-pole
receptacle as shown in sketch B if a properly grounded outlet is not available. The temporary
adapter should be used only until a properly grounded outlet can be installed by a qualified
electrician.
DANGER – Before using adapter as illustrated, be certain that center screw of outlet plate is
grounded. The green-coloured rigid ear or lug extending from adapter must be connected to a
properly grounded outlet – make certain it is grounded. If necessary, replace original outlet
cover plate screw with a longer screw that will secure adapter ear or lug outlet cover plate and
make ground connection to grounded outlet.
Versions having 230-volts nominal input voltage:
This battery charger is for use on a circuit having a nominal rating more than 120-volts and is
factory-equipped with a specific electric cord and plug to permit connection to an acceptable
electric circuit. Make sure that the charger is connected to an outlet having the same
configuration as the plug. No adapter should be used with this charger.
Figure - Grounding Methods
Source: UL1236 Battery Chargers
VAS MPC4 -14VDC - EN
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2) Technical Data
For detailed technical data like input voltage, required mains fuse etc. see respective
data sheet on our webpage www.deutronic.com or on request direct from Deutronic.
3) Connections and Control Elements
Example: Type “VAS MPC4 Battery Charger” (with MPC4-control board and 1-phase supply):
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
Power switch ON/OFF
Connection for power cord with
mains connector (AC IN)
Communication interface (9-pole)
[9]
Signal interface (25-pole)
"+" Plug for POSITIVE (RED) charger cable
(red clamp)
"-" Plug for NEGATIVE (BLACK) charger
cable (black clamp), ground
[8]
[10] User menu (LC-Display)
[11] LED1-3: Signaling operation state, see chapter
8) Annex – Indication / LED and Signal Lamp
UP - Button (select parameter)
[6]
ENTER - Button (edit / enter parameter)
[7]
DOWN - Button (select parameter)
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4) Initial Operation / Handling
The battery charger type “VAS MPC4” has two different operation modes – CHARGEMODE
(battery charging) and SUPPLYMODE (normal power supply mode). In addition with operation
mode AUTOMODE the charger is able to detect the appropriate operation mode via automatic load
detection. Furthermore a charging rate check can be done in operation mode I-CHECK.
Possible settings and parameters are described in the following point 5) Operation Mode
SUPPLYMENU – for power supply mode, CHARGEMENU – for battery charge mode,
DEVICEMENU – for device specific parameter setting and Charging Rate Check „VAS I-CHECK”.
User Interface / Display:
In the above part of the start dialog the display shows voltage, current, capacity (Ah), previous
charging time, operation mode / state / error messages:
Indication: Actual voltage value
on output
Indication:
Operating condition / state / error messages
Indication: Actual current value
on output
Indication: Operation mode:
CHARGEMODE, SUPPLYMODE ,
AUTOMODE and I-CHECK
User Menu:
START / STOP for operation mode
Power supply or battery charger
User Menu:
Device settings / Parameter
Important note for operation:
Should a parameter be changed by the user, it can be selected with the UP / DOWN buttons at
the device and activated for editing by means of the ENTER key. When a parameter value
blinks, it is able to be edited with the UP / DOWN buttons. When pressing the ENTER key the
new adjusted value is accepted.
User menu:
- Display 'START/STOP' changes due to operating mode
- Display 'START': The VAS MPC4 battery charger is on stand by and can be start in supply mode
or charging mode by selecting START (and pressing the ENTER button)
- Display 'STOP': Device is in supply or charge mode. When pressing the ENTER button the
supply/charge mode stops
Note:
Some parameters can only be configured when the VAS MPC4 charger is not in supply or
charge mode (e.g. changing the operation mode like AUTO-/SUPPLY-/CHARGE-MODE etc.),
that means before the operation mode can be changed, the device must be set to STOP.
- MENU: Device configuration (as the case may be it is protected with a key lock)
• Selection of operation mode (SUPPLYMODE / CHARGEMODE / AUTOMODE / I-CHECK)
• Configuration menu (SUPPLYMENU, CHARGEMENU, DEVICE MENU)
• Selection of language (German, English)
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Device configuration:
The configuration of the battery charger can be accomplished within the topic ’MENU’
(selection is done with the UP/DOWN button and confirmation with the ENTER-button).
Active Key lock:
If the key lock is activated on the battery charger – the display shows the
following.
Deactivate the key lock:
Activate the input field with the ENTER-button, change the code number
with the UP/DOWN buttons and confirm the code with the ENTER-button
(the user is able to set and activate the code for the key lock in the device
menu).
Indication if the key lock is deactivated, or if the entered code is okay:
Selection: AUTOMODE / CHARGEMODE / SUPPLYMODE / I-CHECK:
Shows the active mode on the display – if the operation mode should be
changed just activate with the ENTER-button the item and edit it with the
UP/DOWN button.
Device configuration: SUPPLYMENU / CHARGEMENU / DEVICEMENU:
Parameterization of the single operation modes on the battery charger can be
done in the respective submenu.
Language selection German, English:
Shows the active language on the display - if the operation mode should be
changed just activate the item with the ENTER-button and edit it with the
UP/DOWN button.
Initial Operation:
Operation mode AUTOMODE – automatic detection of batteries and
ohm resistive loads:
• Switch-on the power switch
• Set the battery charger to the operation mode AUTOMODE
• Connect load / battery with right polarity
(red [+] / black [-])
• Start supply: Select in the main menu the START item and start
the power output by pressing the ENTER button
• End supply: Choose the STOP item of the main menu and press
the ENTER button
Note:
- With activated AUTOMODE the battery charger is able to detect via the integrated
load detection whether a battery or an ohm resistive load is connected.
- A present battery is detected via its counter voltage.
- An ohm resistive load is detected by means of a small test current.
- With operation mode SUPPLYMODE only an ohm resistive load is allowed to be
supplied (e.g. automobile without a connected battery).
- In CHARGEMODE only a connected battery can be supplied.
- In operation mode I-CHECK the charging rate check can only be done with a
connected battery.
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5) Operation Mode
5. a)
SUPPLYMENU – for power supply mode
Parameter
Nominal value
Value / Setting range / Information
Output voltage
U
2 to 15,5 V [*]
Note: The limiting value for max. voltage 15,5V is a SAFETY LIMITATION
and can be adjusted due to long load cables.
See 5. c)DEVICEMENU – for device specific parameter setting
Current limiting
output current
Imax
Imax [*] depends on charger version (for details see data sheet)
Note: Imax is depending on the preset voltage
and limited via a dynamic temperature control
[*] Note: Should the preset power of the battery charger be higher than the nominal power of the device,
the charger adjusts automatically the limiting values, if needed.
Example: If the voltage is in the threshold and the output voltage U is heightened further, so automatically the max.
current Imax is reduced and vice versa.
5. b) CHARGEMENU – for battery charge mode
Parameter
Value
Setting range / Information
Charging voltage U
Utri to Umax (U = typ. 14,2 .. 14,8 V)
Note: In chapter 5. c) DEVICEMENU the max. charging voltage Umax
is fixed (standard value is 15,5V)
Trickle voltage
Utri
Umin to U (Utri = typ. 13,2 V)
Note: Limiting values for the trickle charge voltage are starting voltage and
adjusted charging voltage.
Starting voltage
Umin
5V to Utri (Umin = typ. 5 .. 11,5 V)
Minimum voltage of the battery - this defines the voltage
limit which must be exceeded by the battery before starting to
charge.
Note: The starting voltage is a SAFETY FUNCTION which ensures that
for charging really an acceptable battery is connected.
Due to safety reasons in operation mode AUTOMODE no batteries are
accepted which have a lower voltage level than 11,0VDC. However should
a deep discharged car battery be charged, the operation mode has to be
set from AUTOMODE to CHARGEMODE.
Current limit
Imax
Imax depends on charger version (for details see data sheet)
Under Limit of Imax is dynamic and is the sum of the values Itri and Ire.
FC current
Itri
1 to 20 Ampere (Itri = typ. 2,5 .. 10 A)
Current limit, below this value the battery charger switches to trickle
charge mode
Ire
0,5 to 30 Ampere (Ire = typ. 1,0.. 2,5 A)
Threshold above Itri (offset), from which on the battery charger switches
back to charge mode.
Recharge
current
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Parameter
Value
Setting range / Information
Max. battery
charge capacity
(in Ampere hours)
Qmax
1 to 6000 Ah (Qmax = typ. 250 Ah)
SAFETY FUNCTION - stops charging!
Hint for a full charge of the battery:
Adjust the limit for battery charging capacity in the setup more then about
20% higher as the nominal value given by the battery manufacturer
Min. charging
time
Tmin
0 to 240 Minutes (Tmin = typ. 15 min)
Time interval after which the charger is allowed to switch back to trickle
charge
Max. charging
time
Tmax
0,1 to 99 Hours (Tmax = typ. 24 hours)
SAFETY FUNCTION - stops charging!
Parameter
FEATURES:
Value
Setting range / Information
BFL: ON / OFF
BFL-Signal ‘battery full’ activated / deactivated
Ibfl
Current limit, at which the signal ‘battery full’ is indicated via LED or via a
connected external signal lamp (Ibvl = typ. 12,0 A)
Note: Signalization of ‘battery full’ state is independent from any trickle
current limit
BFL-LOCK
ON / OFF
Delay time Tbfl for BFL-Signal
After current is below Ibfl and the timer Tbfl has expired, then the BFL
status signal is permanent on (until battery is disconnected).
Note: The parameter BFL-LOCK is only active if in addition the
parameter BFL-Signal (’battery full’) is activated.
Tbfl
1 to 60 Seconds (Tbfl = typ. 10 seconds)
(see note concerning parameter BFL-LOCK)
SHORTCELL:
DETECT ON /
OFF
Definition / explanation – see 7) Annex – CELLCHECK / SHORT CELL
DETECT
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5. c)
DEVICEMENU – for device specific parameter setting
Parameter
STORAGE
Value
Setting range / Information
OFF
OFF
CYCLIC
No temporary saving of the charging process state.
CYCLIC
Approximately every 5 minutes the device conditions
are saved: Device mode, counter, timer, temporary parameters etc.
Note: If during a charge process the voltage supply of the charger is
interrupted, then the battery charging is continued automatically at
setting CYCLIC as soon as the mains supply is back again (all meter
readings, e.g. previous load time, are further updated)
PARAMETER
DEFAULT
Factory-made standard settings for the chargers parameters is the
parameter DEFAULT
If one of the predefined standard settings is edited, so in the
DEVICEMENU appears operation mode USER
USER
MAN.START
The user starts the device manually.
AUTOSTART
The user has to stop the operation manually.
IMPORTANT NOTE: The safety shutdown (Ah limit,
max. charge time) is deactivated by MAN.STOP!!!
MAN.STOP
As soon as mains is connected the charger starts automatically in
SUPPLY-/CHARGEMODE.
AUTOSTOP
When reaching the Ah limit or the maximum charge time the device
switches to standby mode automatically (reset can be achieved by
opening the current clamps).
Parameter
SAFETY:
Max. voltage
Value
Setting range / Information
Standard value: 15,5V
Umax
Note: The limiting value for max. voltage 15,5V is a SAFETY LIMITATION
and can be adjusted e.g. because of voltage decreasing due to long
cables. The safety limitation can be changed between values of
17,0V…20.0V depending on charger type.
Short circuit
nom. voltage
Standard value: 2,0V
Usrt
VAS MPC4 -14VDC - EN
If the voltage on the output drops below the preset value, so a short circuit
is recognized and the current is limited to 0,5A.
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Parameter
Short circuit
current limit
Value
LIMITING
PULSING
Tdel
Switch on
delay time
Setting range / Information
If an overload or a short circuit is detected (Uout drops below the voltage
limit Usrt) then the current is limited by the battery charger:
If the voltage on the output drops below Usrt then the current is
limited to 0,5A.
If the voltage on the output drops below Usrt then the current is limited
to a fixed value of 0,5A for about 60 seconds. After this time interval the
current limit rises in order to test if the overload / short circuit is present
longer.
Altogether three pulses are given out from the battery charger– should the
overload / short circuit be present any longer then no more trials are taken
and current is limited to max. 0,5A until a reset of the device.
1 to 60 Seconds (Tdel = typ. 1 second)
Note: Switch on delay is working for both - normal start-up and 'RemoteON/OFF'
Parameter
CABLE:
Value
Setting range / Information
Carry out the cable compensation:
In order to start the measurement of the cables resistance the cables
attached to the battery charger during supply/charging process have to be
short-circuited on the free end without any load.
Choose the menu item START and confirm by pressing the ENTER-key.
If the cable compensation has been carried out successful then the
measured resistance value is shown in the display (e.g. R: 0,029 )
Cable resistance
R: 0.000 Ω
Shows the measured / preset cable resistance value. If the resistance
value is selected directly in the menu, then the user is able to chose
between the value determined at the cable compensation and R = 0.000Ω
(no cable compensation.)
Status
STANDBY
NO CABLE
MEASURING
Ready to start measurement
No cable connected or no cable short circuit
Measurement of cable resistance is running
Cable
compensation
START / STOP
Start cable compensation or abort a running measurement
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Parameter
DISPLAY:
Value
Setting range / Information
SLEEPMODE
ON / OFF
Activate / deactivate display sleep mode.
After about 1 min of no user action on the battery charger the display
goes into sleep mode (see picture below).
Note: Useful if operation state should only be signalized by the signal
LEDs or an external control unit / signal lamp.
SIGNAL
0…5
Preset individual signalization modes for LEDs 1-3 and external signal
lamp - see also 8) Annex – Indication / LED and Signal Lamp
KEY LOCK
ON / OFF
Activate / deactivate PIN code to limit access to the user menu
CODE
0000 .. 9999
Preset PIN code (e.g. 0005), user selectable
Parameter
VERSION:
Value
Setting range / Information
Displays version information and charger SERIAL NR.
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5. d) Charging Rate Check „VAS I-CHECK”
Selection, configuration and error messages at start of test:
Like every other operation mode the charging rate check “VAS I-CHECK“ needs to be
selected first, i.e. a possibly, already running supply mode needs to be stopped by pressing
the “STOP“ button and then switching into “Standby-Mode”.
Fig. shows battery charger in „standby mode“
The charging rate check “VAS I-CHECK“ is activated by the following procedure:
Select the menu line where the current operation mode is displayed (in the example above
“AUTO-MODE“) via the UP / DOWN buttons and press the <ENTER> button. The line
selection starts to flash.
By now the individual operation modes can be flicked through by the UP / DOWN buttons.
Press the <ENTER> button when “I-CHECK“ is displayed. Thereupon operation mode
“I-CHECK“ is activated and you are getting relocated to the configuration window.
If operation mode “I-CHECK“ was already selected before, the charging rate check can be
activated via the menu item “START”.
Fig. shows a battery charger in operation mode „I-CHECK“
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The configuration window displays the deposited “Default-Parameter“ of the charging rate
check:
The entry of the battery capacity “Qbat“ is necessary for the charging rate procedure.
Therefore the “Qbat” menu line is automatically selected when opening the configuration
window. By pressing the <ENTER> button the line selection starts to flash so that the
capacity of the connected motor vehicle battery can be adjusted with the UP / DOWN buttons
from the battery chargers controller board (the displayed capacity value is increased with the
"" arrow key and decreased with the "" arrow key). By pressing the <ENTER> button again
the value is selected.
When the accurate battery capacity (for the charging rate check) is adjusted the check can
be started by selecting the menu line “TEST START”. If you don’t want to start the check you
can leave the “I-CHECK” configuration window by selecting “BACK”.
Important information:
It is assumed that the charging rate check (“VAS I-CHECK”) is only performed “stand alone”,
otherwise the measurements from the charging rate check values are distorted by parallel
electrical consumers (“stand alone” means the battery is tested alone and without parallel
load, the battery is so disconnected from the vehicle on-board electronics or all the electrical
consumers in the vehicle are disabled).
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If an error occurs at the beginning of the test an appropriate “PROCESS ERROR“ is printed
at the battery chargers display and the charging rate check is stopped.
Examples:
* Message CONTACT:
No battery detected or rather connected
* Message POLARITY:
Battery is connected with reverse polarity
* Message DEEPLY DISCHARGED: Battery is detected, but its voltage level is beneath the
defined switch on voltage limit Umin of the charging menu (therefore a switch-in of the supply
may not occur)
An appropriate “PROCESSERROR“ is dumped (“CONTACT“,
“DISCHARGED“ respectively “POLARITY“ >> flashes << on Display)
* Message Ubat<Umin: Battery is detected, its voltage level is below the defined switch on voltage
Umin (but Ubat voltage is higher then the VAS I-CHECK deep-discharge threshold of 1V)
The following example shows the display for Umin = 8.0 V and Ubat = [1,0 .. 8.0]V. With selecting
the menu item "TEST START" the charging rate check is started. With selecting the menu option
"BACK" it is canceled.
PROCESS ERROR is displayed (in this
example “Ubat<8.0V” is flashing)
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Running VAS I-CHECK:
If the "charging rate check" has been successfully startet, "TEST" flashes in the display while
the check is performed - also key lock is activated and this is shown via display printout
"KeyLock Active").
“TEST“ >> flashes << during
running charging rate check
An interrupt of a running “I-CHECK“ charging rate check is only possible by disconnecting
the cable clamps from the battery, because of the activated “KeyLock”.
If an error is registered during running test, the charger will display an appropriate "PROCESS
ABORT" message and stop the test procedure.
Examples:
* Message: CONTACT:
* Message: SHORTED:
Battery got disconnected
Short circuit was recorded at the output
A signal status on an abort is displayed
(e.g. “CONTACT“ respectively “SHORTED“
>> flashes << on the display)
By reconnecting the battery either “I-CHECK“ needs to be restarted or - according to the
chosen operation mode - a normal supply procedure is performed.
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End of the test, display test results and charge of insufficiently charged batteries:
After the I-CHECK test is finished the following result appears on the device display,
depending on the determined:
1) Charging rate I <100%
If the charging rate of the battery is at the end of the test below 100%, then the supply of the
battery is stopped and the following message is displayed until the menu item "OK" ist
selected - afterwards program switches to the results window:
According to specifications the values contained in the results window can be transferred into
the battery inspection sheet. The results window is displayed as long as the user doesn’t quit
it by selecting “FINISHED”.
By selecting “FINISHED” the charger redirects into “standby mode”. There the charging rate
check can be restarted or another operation mode can be chosen.
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2) Charging rate I >100%
If the charging rate of the battery is at the end of the VAS I-CHECK more than 100%, then
the supply of the battery continues in the background and display shows the following
selection window:
By choosing item “Result” the display shows the results window as long as the user doesn’t
quit it by selecting “FINISHED” (because the battery is only insufficient charged there is no
need to filled out a warranty claim sheet)
After selecting “FINISHED” at the results window (or after selecting “OK” at the previous shown
selection window) the device switches to the “I-CHECK CHARGEMODE”.
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The pictures below show how a running charging procedure in "I-CHECK charging mode" is
signaled to the user on the device screen (the previous activated key lock is canceled during
"I-CHECK charging mode"):
“CHARGE“ >>flashes<< if it switches
into the “I-CHECK CHARGEMODE”
because of insufficient load
“TRICKLE“ >> flashes << if it switches
into trickle charging at the end of the
“I-CHECK CHARGEMODE“
Important note – short cell check is activated automatically during “I-CHECK charge mode”:
Under the assumption that the "VAS I-CHECK" test is performed under "stand-alone"
conditions (i.e. without parallel electric consumers), as explained previous, “CELLCHECK /
SHORT CELL DETECT” is activated for the following "I-CHECK charge mode".
The activation is done automatically and independent from the configuration of a normal
charging process. At the end of the "I-CHECK charging mode" the “CELLCHECK” is reset to
the default device settings.
Note:
If in addition to the battery also parallel electrical consumers are active while CELLCHECK
test is performed, it may lead to a corrupted result and so possibly to unfounded "SHORT
CELL" error messages.
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6) Operation Mode / Status / Error Messages
Display
Ah-LIMIT
CABLE COMP
CELLCHECK
CHARGE
CONTACT
(blinking)
DISCHARGED
EXT. STOP
EXT.VOLT
FAN
HIGH TEMP.
LOW BAT.
MAINS HIGH
MAINS LOW
MAX.TIME
Meaning / Reasons
Information / Trouble shooting
Charging process was stopped
after the predefined limiting value
for the battery capacity (Ah) has
been exceeded
•
Cable compensation of the battery
charger is active
•
Accomplish cable compensation – see also
capture 5. c) DEVICEMENU – for device specific
parameter setting
Cell check is performed (only
charge mode)
•
Definition / explanation – see 7) Annex –
CELLCHECK / SHORT CELL DETECT
The battery charger is in operation
mode battery charge
•
Device started and automatic load
detection active – battery charger
•
waits for the connection of a battery
or load
•
Connect battery or load
As the case may be there is a defective cable
(check connection to the load or battery)
Check Starting voltage Umin
Battery is detected, but its voltage
level is beneath the defined switch
on voltage limit Uesp of the
charging menu
•
•
Is voltage limit Uesp configured right?
Battery defective
Operation is interrupted via the
Remote-OFF signal line
•
Detach GND connection at PIN 25
(Remote-ON/OFF)
Over voltage at the output - a
voltage which is at least 1 Volt
higher than the predefined charging
voltage Uout is measured from the
battery charger on the output
1.
Check connected load for any error
(as the case may be a wrong battery ?)
Main switch off / waiting until display goes off
Switch-on battery charger
In operation mode STANDBY the battery charger
displays external voltages
Fan defective (device works with
reduced output power)
•
Contact service station
Temperature to high - device is not
working within the specified
temperature range (charger works
with reduced output power)
•
•
On high temperature the charger reduces the
output current and displays the message " HIGH
TEMP." (operation is going on with reduced output
power)
Pause operation or improve cooling of the device
Main voltage is too high – attention,
the device is damaged by an input
voltage higher the specified
tolerance range
•
Detach mains cable and check installation
Main voltage is too low – supply is
insufficient (device works with
reduced output power)
•
Check mains supply
Abort because maximum charging
time limit is exceeded
•
Check battery – as the case may be the battery is
defective (reason for exceeding limit MAX.TIME
might be an additional load – e.g. light etc.)
VAS MPC4 -14VDC - EN
2.
3.
4.
Deep discharged battery:
Battery voltage is less than the
predefined Starting voltage Umin
In the setup menu a value has been adjusted too
low for the battery capacity
•
Battery defective
Note for a complete charging of the battery:
Switch the limiting value (Ah) given in the setup for the
charging process approximately 20% higher than the
manufacturer is declaring for the battery capacity
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NTC ERROR
Temperature sensor defective
(device works with reduced output
power)
•
Contact service station
Meaning / Reasons
Information / Trouble shooting
Battery is connected with wrong
polarity to the charger
•
•
Connect black clamp to (-) pole
Red clamp is connected to (+) pole
If in operation mode trickle charge
the load draws a current higher
than the recharge threshold (Itri+Ire),
then the charger is reset into
charge mode.
•
Switch off any additional load (e.g. light, ignition
etc.)
Voltage adjustment internal
/external aborted
•
Contact service station
Shorted cell has been detected at
the connected battery - progress
aborted
Note: In the case of a definitely good battery a faulty
report can be caused by a load which is switched in
parallel to the battery
Remedy: Turn off ‘SHORTCELL DETECT’ or remove
load which is switched in parallel
Short circuit (!) detected at the
output
•
•
Check load and cables for any damages
To continue operation after error is removed,
release clamps and connect the load again
Idle state (standby), the device is
ready for operation
•
Begin charging / supply mode by selecting menu
item START
Start configuration via item MENU
'Switch on delay time' is active, the
supply starts after the predefined
idle time
•
Display
POLARITY
RECHARGE
RELAY VOLT
SHORT CELL
SHORTED
STANDBY
STARTUP
SUPPLY
TRICKLE
Operation ‘Supply mode’ is active
Charge mode is finished, the
charger operates in trickle mode
•
Parameterisation - see 5. c) DEVICEMENU – for
device specific parameter setting
7) Annex – CELLCHECK / SHORT CELL DETECT
To run this feature correctly, no load impedance may be connected in parallel to the charged battery.
Disconnect the battery from the vehicle before starting the cellcheck!
To detect defect batteries it is necessary to adjust the maximum amp-hour for the battery before the
charge operation starts. The adjusted ampere hours should not be less than the written ampere hours
on the battery because the unit stops charging before the battery is charged high enough. The best
way to detect defect batteries is to adjust the ampere hours 10 to 20% higher than the written ampere
hours on the battery. For example a battery with 50 ampere hours should be adjusted in the charger
unit with 60 ampere hours. In any case should the ampere hours in the charger unit be adjusted even
when the “CELLCHECK” is “OFF”, because the ampere hours menu limits the charge process and
avoids extreme over-charging. If the “CELLCHECK” is active, the charge process stops twice for 30
seconds automatically. During that stop the charger measures the battery voltage and the internal
algorithm separates good and bad batteries. In case of defect batteries stops the charging process
and in the display appears “SHORT CELL DETECT”.
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8) Annex – Indication / LED and Signal Lamp
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9) Annex – Characteristic Curves
Charging characteristic I-Uo-U:
Charging characteristic - Remote-ON/OFF, trickle and recharge:
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10)
Notes
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11)
Annex – Accessories
Wall mount, base rack, transport cart, charging cables (3 and 5 meters), mains cable (3 and 5 meters),
remote cable, programming unit, external high visibility, signal lamp and more on our webpage
www.deutronic.com
12)
Service Center / Repair
Instructions:
To ensure a fast and smooth processing it is absolutely important that every device sent to
Deutronic for repair has a fully filled out return service scripture in which for every device all
relevant data (e.g. address, name contact person, phone number etc.) as well as a detailed
fault description is included.
The needed return service scripture as well as the world wide service partner addresses you
will find on our web page www.deutronic.com in the menu item 'service worldwide'.
No liability:
The customer is responsible for the use of the device according to the specifications.
Regardless of the type, Deutronic is not liable for damage incurred through the use of the
device.
Contact:
Deutronic Elektronik GmbH
Deutronicstraße 5
D-84166 Adlkofen / Germany
Tel.: +49 (0)8707 / 920-0
Fax: +49 (0)8707 / 1004
E-Mail: sales@deutronic.com
http://www.deutronic.com
All data at nominal input, full load and 25°C ambient temperature, if not marked otherwise.
Technical modifications and mistakes reserved.
Products are described by information contained in catalogs and data-sheets. It is not be considered as
assured qualities. Stresses listed under „Maximum Rating“ (one at a time) may be applied to devices without
resulting in permanent damage. The operation of the equipment for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Limiting value tolerance are subject to usual fluctuation.
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