User guide LA48N LA48W Matrix printer

User guide
LA48N LA48W Matrix printer
TRADEMARK ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
• Centronics is a trademark of Centronics Data Computer Corporation.
• IBM and IBM PC are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation.
• Microsoft, Windows, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows 2000, Windows 2003 Server, Windows XP
and Windows Vista are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
• PostScript is a trademark of Adobe Systems Inc.
• DEC is a trademark of Digital Equipment Corporation
• Epson is a registered trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation
• All other brand or product names are trademarks of their respective companies or organizations.
Table of contents
Table of contents
1
2
Introduction
1-1
Features
1-1
Consumables
1-2
Setting up the printer
2-1
Selecting a location
2-1
Unpacking the printer
2-2
Assembling the printer
Installing the Cut Sheet Stand
2-4
2-4
Installing the Ribbon Cartridge
2-5
Getting acquainted with your printer
2-8
Connecting the power cord
2-9
Connecting the printer to your computer
Selecting a Parallel Interface Cable
2-11
2-11
Selecting a Serial Interface Cable
2-11
Selecting a USB Cable
2-12
Connecting the Interface Cable
2-12
Removing the shutter
2-14
Attaching the shutter
2-14
Selecting an emulation
2-15
Operations of the control panel
Control panel indicators and buttons
2-18
2-18
Basic states of the printer
2-18
Control Panel Operations
2-20
Printer Acoustical Feedbacks
2-22
I
Table of contents
3
Paper Handling
3-1
Selecting Paper
3-2
Paper Specifications
3-2
Paper Size
3-2
Paper Thickness and Number of Copies 3-2
Overview of Paper Operations
Levers and Buttons Used for Paper Handling
3-3
3-4
Adjusting for Paper Thickness
Paper Thickness Lever Positions
3-6
3-7
Using Single Sheets
Loading a Single Sheet of Paper
3-8
3-8
Ejecting Single Sheets
3-10
Using Continuous Forms
Positioning the Paper Stack
Good placement
Bad placement
3-11
3-11
3-11
3-11
Loading Continuous Forms
Adjusting the left margin
3-12
3-13
Adjusting the Tear-off position
Adjustment procedure
3-15
3-15
Unloading Continuous Forms
3-16
Installing the Tractor Unit
3-16
Tearing Off Continuous Forms
3-17
Feeding and Positioning Paper
Print Area Definition
3-18
3-18
Line Feed/Form Feed
3-20
Top-of-Form Adjustment
3-20
Switching Paper Types
3-22
Switching from Continuous Forms to Single Sheets
(Push-Feed Mode)
3-22
II
Table of contents
Switching from Single Sheets to Continuous Forms
(Push-Feed Mode)
3-22
Tips on Paper Handling
General Tips
4
Multipart Forms
3-23
Envelopes
3-23
Labels
3-23
Printing
4-1
Selecting Print Features
4-1
Using Commercial Software
4-1
Using the Control Panel
Macrol selection
Macro 1 and Macro 2 Settings
Installation Settings
Adjustments Settings
Menu Access Settings
Changing the Protocol
4-2
4-2
4-3
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-6
Starting or Stopping Printing
Starting Printing
4-8
4-8
Stopping and Viewing Printing
4-8
Resuming Printing
4-8
Resuming from a Paper-Out
4-8
Removing Printed Pages
Removing Single Sheets
Removing Continuous Forms
5
3-23
3-23
Using Set-Up Mode
4-10
4-10
4-10
5-1
What is Set-Up Mode for?
5-1
How Set-Up Works
5-2
Entering the Set-Up Mode
5-2
III
Table of contents
Overview of the Set-Up Mode
Set-Up Mode Functions
Example: Changing the Vertical Pitch
5-4
5-4
5-5
Options with Undetermined Values
5-7
Range Management for a Wide Range of
Values
5-7
Example: Changing the Left Margin
5-7
Options with Both Pre-determined and
Undetermined Values
Points to Remember
5-11
Printing the Printer Configuration
5-12
Deciding Which Options to Change
Required Options
5-14
5-14
Changing Macro 1 and Macro 2 Options
Macro 1 and Macro 2 Options and
Values
5-16
Changing Install Options
Install Options and Values
5-25
5-26
Adjusting Top-of-Form Origin
Adjust Options and Values
5-30
5-30
Changing Menu Access Options
Menu Access Option and Values
5-31
5-32
Save Settings and Exit Set-up mode
5-33
Recall Factory Settings
5-33
Using the Diagnostic Functions
Printing Test
Hex Dump Mode
5-34
5-34
5-35
Set-Up Mode Quick Reference
6
Maintenance
Cleaning
Cleaning and Vacuuming the Printer
Cleaning the Platen
IV
5-8
5-15
5-37
6-1
6-1
6-1
6-2
Table of contents
7
Replacing the ribbon
6-3
Replacing the Print Head
6-7
Trouble-Shooting
Solving Problems
Print Quality Problems
A
B
7-1
7-1
7-1
Paper Handling Problems and Solutions
7-4
Operating Problems and Solutions
7-6
Printer Failures
7-7
Diagnostic Functions
7-8
Checking Vertical Alignment
7-8
Supplies
A-1
Supplies
A-1
Printer and Paper Specifications
B-1
Physical Specifications
B-1
Functional Specifications
B-2
Performance Specifications
Certification
B-4
B-4
Paper Specifications
Print Area
B-5
B-5
Paper Thickness
B-7
V
Table of contents
C
Command Sets
DEC PPL2 Quick Reference Guide
D
E
C-1
C-2
IBM Proprinter X24E and XL24E Quick Reference
Guide
C-22
Epson ESC/P2 Quick Reference Guide
C-27
Interface Information
D-1
Parallel Interface
D-1
Serial Interface
D-4
USB Interface
D-7
Character Sets
E-1
DEC PPL2 Protocol
E-1
Common to IBM Proprinter X24 and XL24E Protocol
and EpsonESC/P2 Protocol
E-19
F
VI
IBM Proprinter X24E and XL24E Protocol
E-25
Epson ESC/P2 Protocol
E-26
Resident Fonts
F-1
Introduction
1
Introduction
Congratulations on purchasing a LA48N/LA48W printer. This printer is a compact,
versatile printer that offers maximum compatibility with today’s software packages
and personal computers. The 24-wire print head provides crisp, clear printing for
business, office, and home environments. This printer is also easy to install and use.
Matrix Printer LA48N
Features
Key printer features and options are listed in the next two sections.
Software compatibility. This printer operates with the DEC PPL2, IBM XL24E,
and EPSON ESC/P2 command sets.
Various character sets. For the DEC PPL2 protocol, 31 character sets (twentyfive 94-character sets and six 96-character sets) are available. For IBM Proprinter
X24E and XL24E protocol, set 1, set 2, and 30 default sets (code pages and specific character sets) are available. For Epson ESC/P2 protocol, 15 national character sets and 30 default sets (code pages and specific character sets) are available.
Multiple fonts. The printer has 12 resident fonts: Draft, High speed Draft, High
impact Font, Courier 10, Pica 10, Prestige 12, Compressed, Boldface PS, Timeless Normal, Nimbus Sans Normal, OCR-A, OCR-B.
1-1
Introduction
High-speed printing. At 10 cpi, print speed ranges from 113 cps for letter quality
to 400 cps (80-column printer) or 448cps (136-column printer) for high-speed
draft quality.
Large print buffer. 64 Kbytes are available in total for storing input data and
downloading fonts. A large input data buffer allows you to send files to the printer and return quickly to work in your application. A large download buffer allows
you to use custom fonts.
80-column or 136-column print line. 80-column printers are the most suitable
for printing in landscape mode using letter or A4 size paper.136-column printers
are the most suitable for printing in landscpe mode using legal or standardsize
computer forms.
Simple switching of paper types. The ability to "park" continuous forms makes
it easy to switch between continuous forms and single sheets.
Auto tear-off. Continuous forms are fed automatically up to the tear-off position
at the end of each job.
Maintenance-free. The printer only requires periodic cleaning and changing of
the ribbon cartridge.
Consumables
For details, see Appendix A, “Supplies”.
1-2
Setting up the printer
2
Setting up the printer
Your new printer is easy to install and set up. This chapter tells you how to set up the
printerand start printing right away. If this is your first printer, you should read the
entire chapter before attempting to use the printer. In this chapter, you will learn how
to:
Unpack, assemble, and select a good location for the printer
Identify the printer’s major parts
Connect the power cord and the interface cable
Test the printer before connecting it to your computer
Select an emulation and print a sample page using your software
If you have a problem while setting up the printer, review the section “Solving Problems” in Chapter 7. If the problem persists, contact your dealer or service.
Selecting a location
This printer is suitable for most business, office, and home environments. To obtain
peak performance from the printer, select a location that meets the following guidelines:
3 Place the printer on a sturdy, level surface.
3 Place the printer near a well-grounded AC power outlet.
3 Ensure easy access to the front and rear of the printer by leaving several inches of
space around the printer. Do not block the air vents on the front, left, and right sides
of the printer.
3 Do not place the printer in direct sunlight or near heaters.
3 Make sure that the room is well-ventilated and free from excessive dust.
3 Do not expose the printer to extremes of temperature and humidity.
3 Use only the power cord supplied with the printer or recommended by your dealer.
Do not use an extension cord.
3 Do not plug the printer into a power outlet that is shared with heavy industrial equipment, such as motors, or appliances, such as copiers or coffee makers. Such equipment often emits electrical noise or causes power degradation.
2-1
Setting up the printer
Unpacking the printer
Unpack the printer as follows:
1. Open the carton and remove the printer and its components. Make sure that you
have all of the items shown below. Note that the power cord supplied depends
on the printer model (100-120 or 220-240 VAC power supply).
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2-2
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Printer
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3798
39a-
EN
Checking items received
2. Carefully examine each item for damage. Report any problems to your dealer or
shipping agent.
3. Place the printer where you plan to use it.
4. Remove the tapes securing the front cover, ejection cover, and back cover. Open
the front cover and remove the shipping restraint cardboard that holds the print
Setting up the printer
head carriage in place (shown below).
Front cover
Cardboard
Removing the shipping restraint cardboard
5. Store the original shipping carton and packaging materials for future use. For
example, the original packaging is ideal for use when you move or ship your
printer to another location.
NOTE: The interface cable is not included with the printer. You must purchase it
separately. Connection of the interface cable is described later in this chapter.
2-3
Setting up the printer
Assembling the printer
This section explains how to install the cut sheet stand and ribbon cartridge.
Installing the Cut Sheet Stand
The cut sheet stand enables smooth feeding of both single sheets and continu-ous
forms. Install the cut sheet stand as described below:
1. Referring to the following figure, locate the two grooved notches on the top of
the printer, behind the top cover. Note that each notch has a front groove and a
rear groove.
2. Locate the two mounting pins on each side of the cut sheet stand.
Mounting pins
Cut sheet stand
Installing the cut sheet stand
3. Hold the cut sheet stand at an angle over the top of the printer. Slide the mount-
ing pins into the long, front grooves of the notches. This is the cut sheet stand's
up position, used for printing single sheets.
To rotate the cut sheet stand to its down position, grasp it at the sides and lift it up
until the two upper mounting pins clear the front notches. Rotate the cut sheet
stand backward to place the upper mounting pins in the rear grooves.
2-4
Setting up the printer
Installing the Ribbon Cartridge
The printer uses a black ribbon cartridge. To install the ribbon cartridge:
1. Turn the printer off. Open the front cover of the printer. For easy installation,
slide the print head carriage to the middle.
2. The paper thickness lever, located on the right of the printer, has nine positions.
Before you install the ribbon cartridge, move this lever to D.
Paper thickness lever
Move to D.
Preparing to install the ribbon
2-5
Setting up the printer
3. Using the procedure below, release the roller from the LOCK position and turn
the ribbon feed knob clockwise to take up any ribbon slack. Push in the gray ribbon release tabs on the side of the ribbon cartridge to release them, and slide the
roller from the LOCK position to the FREE position.
Ribbon feed knob
Turn the knob clockwise
Roller
Release tabs
Preparing the ribbon cartridge
CAUTION: Do not turn the ribbon feed knob in counterclockwise direction.
4. Verify that the power to the printer is off (make sure that the circle mark on the
power switch is pressed).
Verify that the printer is switched off
5. Move the paper thickness lever to the D position.
6. Open the front cover.
2-6
Setting up the printer
7. Align the print head position with the dot mark (green) on the printer ejection
cover.
Dot mark (green)
WARNING: Avoid touching the print head while using or immediately after using
the printer, as doing so may lead to burns. Wait until the print head
cools down before touching it.
8. Thread the ribbon between the print head and the print guide, then gently press
down on the ribbon cartridge against the printer until it clicks into place.
(Make sure that the ribbon feed knob is facing upward.)
Print guide
Print head
Ribbon cartridge
Ribbon
Print guide
Tip of print head
9. Turn the ribbon feed knob clockwise to take up any ribbon slack.
10.After the ribbon cartridge has been installed in the printer, adjust the paper thick-
ness lever to match the thickness of the paper and the number of sheets of paper
to be used.
For information about the paper thickness lever, see the section entitled “Adjusting for Paper Thickness” in Chapter 3.
2-7
Setting up the printer
Getting acquainted with your printer
Now that your printer is assembled, take a moment to become familiar with its major
parts.
Looking at the printer from the front right side, you can see the parts of the printer
shown in the figure below.
Front cover
Print guide
Cut sheet stand
Print head
Acoustic cover
Paper thickness lever
Platen knob
Platen
Control panel
Powerswitch
Printer components (front and right)
The printer control panel has the buttons and indicators used to load and feed paper
(see Chapter 3, “Paper Handling”) and select print features (see Chapter 4, “Printing”). The control panel also allows you to change the printer’s optional settings (see
Chapter 5, “Using Set-Up Mode”).
2-8
Setting up the printer
Looking at the printer from the back with the cut sheet stand and back cover removed, you can see the following parts of the printer:
Ejection cover
Paper guide
Back cover
Power
connector
Interface
connector
Forms tractors
Paper select lever
Printer components (rear)
Connecting the power cord
Before you plug in the printer:
3 Make sure that the printer power is switched off. The side marked “1” on the power
switch should be raised.
3 Make sure that the power outlet is properly grounded.
3 Make sure that you use the power cord shipped with the printer. This cord is designed to minimize radio frequency interference.
To plug in the power cord:
1. Plug one end of the power cord into the power connector on the rear of the
printer.
2-9
Setting up the printer
2. Plug the other end of the power cord into the power outlet.
Connecting the power cord
3. Make sure that the power cord is securely connected.
4. Turn on the power by pressing the side marked “I” on the power switch. Within
a few seconds, the POWER indicator on the printer control panel will light, the
print head will move to its home position, and the ONLINE indicator will light
(green).
NOTE: If no forms are loaded, the printer may beep and the grenn FAULT indicator
may light and the ONLINE indicator will not light if the paper select lever is
set backward to the continuous forms position. Move the paper select lever
forward to the single sheet position (as described in the next section). The
FAULT indicator will go out. This condition is a result of the factory default
settings and poses no problem.
2-10
Setting up the printer
Connecting the printer to your computer
Your printer supports one of the following interface options:
Centronics parallel interface only
Centronics parallel interface and RS-232C serial interface
Centronics parallel interface and USB interface
The RS-232 serial interface is a factory-installed option for a Centronics parallel interface model. Installation of the serial option provides a dual interface feature enabling the connection of either interface but inhibiting the operation of both
interfaces at the same time.
The parallel interface connector has wire clips. The serial interface connector has
tapped holes. Cables for these interfaces are available from dealers, cable manufacturers, and other suppliers.
The LAN adapter is a user installable option. For details, refer to the Manual that
comes with the LAN card.
NOTE: If a LAN interface card is installed, the Centronics parallel interface is not
available.
For detailed interface specifications, see Appendix D.
Selecting a Parallel Interface Cable
For the parallel interface, use a cable that meets the following specifications:
3 At the printer end, use a shielded male Centronics connector, such as an Amphenol
DDK 57FE-30360 or its equivalent. To prevent RFI (radio frequency interference),
the connector cover must be connected to the cable shield.
3 At the computer end, most computers (including IBM PCs) require a male DB-25P
connector. Some computers, however, require a Centronics connector. To determine the type of connector your computer uses, refer to your computer user manual.
3 Make sure that the cable length does not exceed 3 meters (10 feet).
Selecting a Serial Interface Cable
For the serial interface, use a cable that meets the following specifications:
3 At the printer end, use a 25-pin male connector, such as a Cannon DB-25P or its
equivalent.
3 To determine the type of connector your computer requires, refer to your computer
user manual or ask your dealer.
3 The cable length can be up to 15 meters (50 feet). This type of length is required in
many networking and shared-printer configurations.
2-11
Setting up the printer
Selecting a USB Cable
3 When the USB interface is used to connect to the host computer, the parallel interface
and the serial interface (factory add-on option) cannot be connected simultaneously.
3 The USB interface does not guarantee all connections of USB-supported devices.
Connecting the Interface Cable
To connect the interface cable:
1. Turn off both the printer and the computer.
2. Pull the shutter on the left side of the printer upward as far as it will go.
Shutter
Opening the shutter
3. Attach the interface cable to the connector. Do not connect more than one inter-
face cable type to the printer at the same time.
Centronics parallel
Centronics parallel + RS-232C
Centronics parallel + USB
Connecting the interface cable
2-12
Setting up the printer
4. To secure a parallel interface cable, flip the fastener clips located on the printer
into the notches on the cable connector. To secure a serial interface cable,
tighten the screws in the cable connector.
5. Attach the other end of the interface cable to your computer. Gently pull on the
cable to verify that it is secure.
6. Close the shutter.
NOTE: When use of the shutter is not required, remove it by using the following pro-
cedure.
2-13
Setting up the printer
Removing the shutter
1. Open the shutter.
2. Gently push the back end of the
shutter toward the front of the
printer.
Shutter
3. While holding the shutter in the
position described in step 2, rotate
it in the manner shown in the
Attaching the shutter
Mounting slots
Tabs
(a)
Shutter
5. Tilt the shutter and pass the shutter
tabs through the mounting slots,
starting with the slot on side (a)
shown in the figure on the left. The
order in which the shutter tabs are
CAUTION: Take care not to use excessive force when pushing the back of the shutter
toward the front of the printer. Otherwise, the shutter tabs may be damaged.
To reattach the shutter, tilt the shutter and insert one of its convex parts
into the installation hole of the printer, and then insert the other part in
the other hole. After inserting both convex parts, lower and push the
shutter in to its original position.
2-14
Setting up the printer
Selecting an emulation
Before printing with your software, verify that the correct emulation is selected on
your printer. This section describes the available emulations and their selection.
An emulation is a set of commands used by your software to communicate with the
printer. There are many different emulations available for printers. Each emulation
has unique features and capabilities. This printer offers three resident emulations:
DEC PPL2
IBM Proprinter XL24E
EPSON ESC/P2
The printer’s preselected factory setting for the emulation settings is port dependant
(PORT DEPND), which means that for every interface a different emulation is set.
The default setting for the serial interface is DEC PPL2, for the parallel interface EPSON ESC/P2 and for the USB interface EPSON ESC/P2.
It is also the possibility to select an Autosening setting, which detects the correct emulation setting automatically.
Resident emulations are stored in the printer’s permanent memory.
Here are some points to help you determine which emulation to select:
3 Determine which emulations your software supports. (Refer to your software documentation.) Since most software programs support this printer, try to run a program
with the factory default emulation first. Try this emulation even if you are not sure
of which emulation to choose. See Chapter 5, “Using Set-Up Mode”, for detailed information about how your printer communicates with your software.
3 If you are using more than one software package, determine which emulation is supported by the software you use most frequently. Select that emulation.
3 If your software supports more than one emulation, select the DEC PPL2 emulation
if possible. This emulation has the greatest capabilities.
3 If you want to use an emulation that is not supported by your software, contact your
software manufacturer or printer dealer and ask whether support is available. You
may be able to obtain a printer driver that is not shipped with the original software
package.
2-15
Setting up the printer
To select an emulation, proceed as follows:
1. Switch off the printer.
2. Make sure that paper is loaded (continuous paper or single form).
3. Remove the acoustic cover in order to see the printed text.
4. Hold the Setup/Quit buttons depressed and switch the printer on. After initializ-
ing the printer enters the setup mode and prints the following information:
1
2
4
MACRO 1
3
2-16
Setting up the printer
The initial printout contains a header, help menu 1, and <FUNCTIONS> menu 2.
The header tells you that the printer is in the Set-Up mode. The help menu provides
a quick summary of how to use buttons in the Set-Up mode.
The <FUNCTIONS> menu 2 lists all of the functions available in the Set-Up mode.
Generally speaking, the red cursor 3 on the plastic print guide 4 indicates the function
or value to be selected. When entering the Set-Up mode, the red cursor is initially
positioned under MACRO 1.
5. Press the
button to select the Macro 1 function and print the <PROTOCOL>
option and its values.
button or the  button to position the red cursor on the
plastic print guide under the emulation you require.
6. Repeatedly press the
7. Press the Exit/Save button to select the emulation and exit Set-Up mode.
2-17
Setting up the printer
Operations of the control panel
This section summarizes status indications and operations of the control panel in
Normal mode. For details on Set-Up mode, see Chapter 5, “Using Set-Up Mode”.
Normal mode operation includes everyday operations, such as paper handling, macro
selection, and protocol selection. The first table lists basic states represented by the
Ready and Fault indicators. The second table lists Normal mode operations and required user response. Operations are listed by functions.
Control panel indicators and buttons
The control panel indicators display the state of the printer and the control panel buttons control the work with the printer.
Basic states of the printer
2-18
Indicator
Status
Printer status
Ready
On
The printer is ready for printing
or
The printer is receiving or printing data.
Blinking
The printer is not ready and holds printing data.
Off
The printer is not ready and it does not hold printing
data.
Setting up the printer
Indicator
Status
Printer status
Fault
On
The printer is out of paper.
Blinking
fast
It is blinking at a 0.5 second period when paper jam,
carriage error, communication error, buffer overflow is
detected, or when the Automatic Sheet Feeder must be
active but paper can not be ejected after 22 inches
feeding, or when parking is not successful after 20
inches reverse feeding.
Blinking
slowly
When the paper source in a present MACRO setting
and Setting of Paper Select Lever are different, five seconds are blinked for warning.
On
Shows that Macro 1 is selected.
Off
Shows that Macro 2 is selected.
Macro
Protocol
Two indicators are available to indicate the currently
selected protocol:
DEC
On
The DEC ANSI protocol is active.
PPX24
On
The IBM Proprinter X24E/XL24E protocol is active.
DEC +
PPX24
On
The Epson ESC/P2 protocol is active.
Blinking
Port dependent
2-19
Setting up the printer
Control Panel Operations
—:
This operation has no connection with this condition.
N/A: The condition does not apply because this operation is executed before poweringon.
Required Conditions1
Operation
Printing2
—
Not printing On
Press FF/Load.
Load single sheet paper —
Not printing On
Press FF/Load if single
sheetload is switched from
AUTOto MANUAL in Set-Up
mode.
Feed paper a page
—
Not printing Off
Press FF/Load.
Feed paper a line
—
Not printing Off
Press LF.
Advance perforation to
tear bar
—
Not printing Off
Press Pause if the TEARoption is switched from
AUTOto MANUAL in Set-Up
mode,or press FF/Load.
Advance paper for
viewing
—
Not printing Off
Press Pause if the TEARoption is switched from
AUTOto MANUAL in Set-Up
mode.
Return paper to previous —
position
Not printing Off
Press Pause if the TEARoption is switched from
AUTOto MANUAL in Set-Up
mode,or press FF/Load.
Eject single-sheet paper —
Not printing Off
Press FF/Load or Park or
turnthe printer off and on
again.
Unload continuousforms3
—
Not printing Off
Press Park.
Pause printing
On
Printing
Off
Press Pause.
Resume printing
Blinking Not printing Off
Press Pause.
Resume printing after a
fault
Off
Clear error and press
Pause.
Load continuous forms
paper
2-20
Required Action
Ready
Fault
Not printing On
Setting up the printer
Required Conditions1
Operation
Required Action
Ready
Printing2
Resume printing after
paper-out
Off
Not printing On
Load paper.
Place printer in Ready
state
Off
Not printing Off
Press Pause.
Place printer in pause
state
On
—
Off
Press Pause.
Enter Normal mode
N/A
N/A
N/A
Turn power on without
pressing any buttons
Continuous Test Print
N/A
N/A
N/A
Turn power on while pressing FF/Load.
Off
Press Protocol(M1) and
Park(M2).
Press M1
Press M2.
Enter Macro selection
mode
Select Macro 14
Select Macro 24
Fault
Off
Off
Switch the protocol4
—
Not printing Off
Press Protocol.
Enter Top-of-Form
Adjustment mode
—
Not printing Off
Press LF button and FF/
Load button.
Move paper by
1/60inch
Off
—
Off
Press
Use the adjustment
temporarily
Off
—
Off
Press Set-Up/Quit.
Use the adjustment
permanently
Off
—
Off
Press Exit/Save.
Clear the adjustment Off
—
Off
Press Top buttons.
N/A
N/A
Hold the Setup/Quit buttons
depressed and switch the
printer on.
Enter Set-Up mode
N/A
or
button.
Move cursor to select Off
a Set-Up Function or
Value
Not printing Off
Press
or  button.
Move cursor to select Off
a Set-Up Option
Not printing Off
Press
or
button.
Select a Set-Up
Function or Value
Not printing Off
Press
or
button.
Off
2-21
Setting up the printer
Required Conditions1
Operation
Required Action
Ready
Printing2
Off
Not printing Off
Press Exit/Save.
Quit Set-Up mode
Off
without saving values
Not printing Off
Press Set-Up/Quit.
Select a Set-Up
Value and move cursor to SAVE&EXIT
Fault
Clear software-detected
errors
—
—
Blink- Press Pause.
ing
Initialize the printer
—
—
—
Turn power off and on
again.
1 In Normal mode operation, all buttons except Pause are inactive in the Busy state in which the printer
isreceiving or printing data.
2 Not printing includes the following situations: the printer is ready and awaiting data, or the Pause button
ispressed and the printer is awaiting data, or the Pause button is pressed during printing.
3 This operation is available in the rear-feeding push-tractor mode.
4 Switching is not done if the printer is holding printing data.
Printer Acoustical Feedbacks
Except for paper handling and when the factory setting for beep is not changed, the
printer beeps in the following ways when you press a control panel button, as follows.
A short beep indicates that the printer accepts your pressing or specification.
A longer beep indicates that your specification is invalid.
In a certain mode, a middle long beep indicates that the specified mode becomes
activeand a short beep indicates the end of the mode.
When the Fault indicator lights, the printer also makes a longer beep.
2-22
Paper Handling
3
Paper Handling
This chapter explains how your printer uses paper. Topics covered are:
Selecting paper
Overview of paper operations
Adjusting for paper thickness
Using single sheets
Using continuous forms (push-tractor feed and pull-tractor feed)
Feeding and positioning paper
Switching paper types
Tips for paper handling are given at the end of this chapter. Check that section if you
are using multipart forms, envelopes, or labels.
3-1
Paper Handling
Selecting Paper
The printer can handle either single sheets or continuous forms. Single sheets, also
called cut sheets, include envelopes and noncontinuous, multipart forms. Continuous forms include labels and multipart forms fed into the printer using the forms tractors.
For best results, use paper that meets the specifications listed in the following table.
(See Appendix B, “Printer and Paper Specifications” for detailed specifications.) If
you are unsure of the suitability of a particular type of paper, try testing the paper or
consult your dealer.
Paper Specifications
Paper Size
Continuous forms Width
Cut sheets
LA48N
LA48W
102 to 267 mm
(4 to 10.5 in)
102 to 420 mm
(4 to 16.5 in)
Length 102 mm (4 in) or greater
102 mm (4 in) or greater
Width
102 to 420 mm
(4 to 16.5 in)
102 to 267 mm
(4 to 10.5 in)
Length 76 to 364 mm
(3 to 14.3 in)
76 to 420 mm
(3 to 16.5 in)
Paper Thickness and Number of Copies
Description
3-2
Thickness
0.35 mm (0.014 in) maximum total thickness.
Copies
1 to 5 copies, including the original.
For carbon-interleaved paper, the carbon counts as a copy.
Paper Handling
Overview of Paper Operations
The following levers and buttons are used in paper handling:
Paper select lever 1 at the top left corner of the printer
Paper thickness lever 2 at the top right corner of the printer
All buttons 5 on the control panel 3 (Primary and alternative functions are labelled
respectively above and under each button.)
The following figure shows the location of each lever, indicators, and buttons:
1 Paper select lever
2 Paper thickness lever
3 Control panel
4 Indicators
5 Buttons
Printer Levers and Buttons
3-3
Paper Handling
The following table summarizes the use of levers and buttons in paper handling.
More detailed information is provided later in this chapter.
CAUTION: To load or feed paper, the printer must be:
– In the Ready state but not receiving or printing data
– In the Pause state
Levers and Buttons Used for Paper Handling
Lever/Button
Purpose
Action
FF/LOAD
Form feed
Press FF/Load to execute a form
feed. Continuous forms are fed forward by one page. Single sheets are
ejected.
Press FF/Load to feed paper to the
top of form position.
Load paper
3-4
LF
Line feed
Press LF to feed paper forward by
one line.
Park
Unload forms
Press Park to retract continuous
forms to the “park position.”
LF + FF/LOAD
Enter Top-of-Form (TOF)
Adjustment mode
Press LF and FF/LOAD buttons at
the same time to enter TOF Adjustment mode where the paper loading
position can be adjusted.
Increase TOF value by
1/60 inch
Press the
button to feed paper forward by 1/60 inch in TOF Adjustment
mode.
Decrease TOF value by
1/60 inch
Press the
button to feed paper
backward by
1/60 inch in TOF Adjustment mode.
Exit/Save
Save TOF value
Press Exit/Save to permanently store
the TOF position adjusted by the
button in TOF
button and the
Adjustment mode.
Top
Clear TOF adjustment
Press the Top buttons at the same
time to clear the adjusted value and
return to the initial state.
Paper Handling
Lever/Button
Purpose
Action
Pause
Advance forms to the tear
bar when forms are at the
Top-of-Form (TOF) position.
Press Pause to advance the forms
perforation to the tear bar. Tear off
the forms, then press Pause again to
return theforms to the previous position.
Paper select
lever*
Select paper path
Move the paper select lever forward
for single sheets.
Move the paper select lever backward for continuous forms.
Paper thickness lever
Adjust for paper thickness Select the number corresponding to
or number of copies
the number of copies (including the
original). Vary the setting upward or
downward (including A to D) to optimize printing. Select D when replacing ribbon or clearing a paper jam.
* The following graphics are engraved on the casing.
Continuous forms
Cut sheets
3-5
Paper Handling
Adjusting for Paper Thickness
The printer can handle paper with different thicknesses, including multipart forms
with up to five parts (original plus four copies). For details on paper thickness specifications, see Appendix B, “Printer and Paper Specifications”.
The paper thickness lever, located at the top right corner of the printer, allows you to
adjust for different paper thicknesses. Be sure to adjust the paper thickness lever
whenever you change the number of copies being printed.
The paper thickness lever has nine settings: 1 to 5 and A to D. Use the following
table to determine the appropriate setting for your paper; then, move the paper thickness lever to the appropriate position.
Paper thickness lever
Adjusting the Paper Thickness Lever
3-6
Paper Handling
Paper Thickness Lever Positions
Number of Copies
(Including the Original)
Position
1 copy
1
2 copies
2
3 copies
3
4 copies
4
5 copies
5
Ribbon replacement
D
For carbon-interleaved paper, the carbon counts as one copy.
Vary the position upward or downward (including A to D) to optimize printing. Select D when replacing a ribbon or clearing a paper jam. For labels and envelopes, use
the trial-and-error approachto determine a satisfactory position.
CAUTION: If printing is poor, the ribbon misfeeds, or the paper jams, move the lever
one position higher.
3-7
Paper Handling
Using Single Sheets
This section describes how to load paper in the cut sheet stand. The cut sheet stand
allows paper to be loaded manually, one sheet at a time.
Loading a Single Sheet of Paper
To load a sheet of paper into the cut sheet stand:
1. Make sure that the printer is turned on. Check that rear-fed continuous forms are
retracted to the park position. (For details, see the section “Unloading Continuous Forms” later in this chapter.)
2. If necessary, reset the paper thickness lever. (See the section “Adjusting for
Paper Thickness” earlier in this chapter.)
3. Move the paper select lever forward. (This lever is at the top left part of the
printer.)
4. Raise the cut sheet stand. Position the left paper guide in accordance with the
Note below. Note that the movable range of the paper guide is limited.
NOTE: Below the left paper guide, the cut sheet stand has a scale graduated in units
of 0.1 inch. When the left paper guide is positioned all the way to the right,
the left margin is 5 mm (0.2 inch). To help align paper, also use the inchbased ruler on the top cover of the printer. The gradations on the ruler are
for 10 columns per inch.
Left margin
(minimum)
Preparing to load a sheet of paper
3-8
Paper Handling
5. Adjust the right paper guide to the width of paper. Insert the paper into the cut
sheet stand. Make sure that the bottom edge of the paper engages snugly with
the platen. Thepaper will automatically advance to the top-of-form position if
the Single Sheet Load option of the Set-Up mode is set to Automatic.
NOTE: The factory setting for the Single Sheet Load option is automatic loading, two
seconds after paper detection. If you set this option to manual, you will have
to press FF/Load to feed the paper.
6. If you want to slightly adjust the Top-of-Form position, the first line on which
printing can start, adjust the Top-of-Form position of the paper using control
panel buttons. Press the Set-Up/Quit (Pause) button and the two Top buttons at
the same time. The M1/M2 indicator flashs alternately with the DEC and PPX24
button or the
indicators, indicating Top-of-Form Adjustment mode. Press the
button. The paper will move forward or backward in 1/60-inch increments.
Press the Set-Up/Quit button after adjusting the position. Note that this adjustment is temporarily saved. It will not be active at next power-up of the printer.
For permanent adjustment, see the section “Feeding and Positioning Paper” later
in this chapter.
Loading a sheet of paper
3-9
Paper Handling
7. Place the printer in the Ready state. Print a sample page and check the page mar-
gins. Make the following adjustments, as necessary:
Horizontal alignment. Readjust the paper guides if required.
Top-of-form setting. Use the printer Set-Up mode (see Chapter 5, “Using Set-Up
Mode”) or the TOF Adjustment mode (see the section “Feeding and Positioning
Paper” later in this chapter).
Margin settings. Use your software or the printer Set-Up mode (see Chapter 5,
“Using Set-Up Mode”).
Ejecting Single Sheets
If you print using software, each sheet is ejected automatically upon the completion
of the page printing. To manually eject sheets of paper:
Press the FF/Load button to execute a forward form feed.
Turn the platen knob.
3-10
Paper Handling
Using Continuous Forms
Continuous forms paper, fanfolded at the horizontal perforations, is ideal for printing
rough drafts and long files. The paper is fed into the printer using the forms tractors.
The forms tractors unit at the rear of the printer pushes paper from the rear to the platen. This is called push-tractor feeding.
Positioning the Paper Stack
Place the stack of continuous forms paper directly below the rear of the printer. After
the paper is installed in the printer, the paper path should look like this:
Good placement
Bad placement
Placement of continuous forms
3-11
Paper Handling
Loading Continuous Forms
This section explains how to use continuous forms. The tractor unit pushes continuous forms.
To load continuous forms paper:
1. Make sure that the printer is turned on. Remove any single-sheet paper from the
printer.
2. If necessary, readjust the paper thickness lever for continuous forms. (See the
section “Adjusting for Paper Thickness” earlier in this chapter.)
Paper thickness lever
No. of Copies
1
2 to 3
4
5
Setting
1 to 2
2 to 3
3 to 4
4 to 5
Paper thickness lever setting
3. Move the paper select lever to the rear of the printer.
Continuous forms side
Preparing to load continuous forms paper
4. Release the tractor locking levers by pulling them up. Open the tractor paper
holders. See the following figure.
3-12
Paper Handling
5. Position the right tractor (as seen from the rear of the printer). Push the right
locking lever down to secure the tractor. Center the middle forms support.
Cut sheet stand
Forms
tractors
Continuous
forms side
Locking levers
Tractor guide
Paper select lever
Positioning the tractors
Adjusting the left margin
Below the right tractor, as seen from the back, there is a tractor guide, short inchbased ruler graduated in 10 columns per inch. Use the ruler to help position the tractor. When the paper edge is positioned to the left most line, the left margin is approximately 12 mm (0.5 inch) including perforation area.
Tractor paper holders
Tractor paper holders
Ajusting the left margin
6. Fit the paper feed holes onto the left and right tractor pins. Adjust the left tractor
(as seen from the rear of the printer) to the width of the form. Close the paper
holders.
7. Pull the left tractor (as seen from the rear) to stretch the paper taut. Push the left
locking lever down to secure the tractor in place.
3-13
Paper Handling
8. Strongly pull the back cover off of the cut sheet stand (in the direction indicated
by the arrow) and set it down.
Cut sheet stand
Back cover
Setting the back cover
9. Install the cut sheet stand. For installation, see the section “Installing the Cut
Sheet Stand” in Chapter 2.
10. Press the FF/Load button to advance the paper to the top-of-form position.
Top-of-form is the first line on which printing can start.
11. Press the ONLINE button to place the printer online. Print a sample page and
check the page margins. Make the following adjustments, as necessary:
Horizontal alignment. Move the forms tractors as required.
Top-of-form setting (see Chapter 5, “Adjusting Top-of-Form Origin”).
Margin settings. Use your software or the printer setup mode (see Chapter 5,
“Using Set-Up Mode”).
If the paper cut position and the perforation position do not fit, adjust them by using
the following procedure.
3-14
Paper Handling
NOTE: When you use continuous forms, make sure that the edges of both left and
right paper guides do not touch the paper. Slide both paper guides flush
against the ends of both sides.
Good
Unacceptable
Continuous
form
Left paper
guide
Cut sheet
stand
Right paper
guide
Adjustment of the paper guides
Adjusting the Tear-off position
When the FF/Load button is used to advance the paper to cut it, the paper cut position and the perforation position may not match. In such cases, adjust their positions
by using the following procedure.
Adjustment procedure
1. Use the FF/Load button to advance the paper to its cut position.
2. Press Park and FF/Load buttons simultatneously to enter adjustment mode.
3. Adjust the Tear-off position by using the following buttons:
button: Pressing this button once extends the paper feed amount by 1/180
inches.
button: Pressing this button once reduces the paper feed amount by 1/180
inches.
Exit/Save button: Saves the adjusted value and exits the adjustment mode.
Setup/Quit button: Exits the adjustment mode without saving the adjusted value.
NOTE: The adjustment range is plus or minus 63/180 inches (approximately 9 mm).
When it is exceeded, an alarm beeps.
3-15
Paper Handling
Unloading Continuous Forms
To unload continuous forms:
1. Make sure that the paper select lever is set to the rear position.
2. Press the Park button. The continuous forms paper is retracted to the park posi-
tion. If the paper cannot be retracted in one operation, continue to press the
Park button until the paper is parked.
NOTE: The printer can retract continuous forms paper a maximum of 55.8 cm (22
inches) per operation.
3. To remove the paper, raise the tractor paper holders and lift out the paper.
Installing the Tractor Unit
Install the tractor unit by following the procedure below if it happens to be disengaged from the studs.
1. Turn off the printer.
2. Remove the cut sheet stand and open the acoustic cover.
3. Hook the notch of the tractor unit against stud 1, and then rotate the unit down-
ward so as to set the other notch onto stud 2.
Acoustic cover
Stud 1
Stud 2
Stud 1
Stud 2
Tractor unit installation
3-16
Paper Handling
Tearing Off Continuous Forms
Your printer has a special “tear-off edge” that allows you to tear off printed pages
without wasting paper. The tear-off edge is located on the ejection cover.
To tear off continuous forms using the tear-off edge:
1. Press the FF/Load button. The bottom perforation of the last page advances to
the tear-off edge. If you specified TEAR: AUTO using the INSTALL function
in setup mode, the paper automatically advances to the tear-off edge at the end of
each job (or when the printer has printed all the data received).
NOTE: If the bottom perforation of your paper is not positioned at the tear-off edge,
the length of your paper may not be specified correctly in your software or
the printer setup mode. Check that the paper length is specified correctly.
For information on specifying page length using setup mode, see Chapter 5,
“Using Set-Up Mode”.
2. Tear the paper off at the perforation.
Tearing off continuous forms
3. Press any button to retract the forms back to the top-of-form position.
3-17
Paper Handling
Feeding and Positioning Paper
Print Area Definition
TOF (Top-of-Form): This value defines the distance between the edge of the paper and the place where you allow the printing to begin (position of line
number 1). You can adjust this distance according to the condition of your paper
(for example, pre-printed forms). When you load the paper, the printer feeds the
paper to this position, waiting for printing commands.
L (Form Length): Set the corresponding Set-Up option (FORM LENGH) according to the actual physical page length (distance between two perforations for continuous forms). This will allow the printer to know exactly where the print head
is and to position it at the same position when a form feed occurs.
Top line 1: This is the line where the printing actually starts. To define a top margin, select the number of this line within Set-Up mode (TOP MRGN option). Example: In the following picture, TOP MRGN option is set to 3.
Bottom line 2: This is the line where the printing actually stops. To define a bottom margin, select the number of this line within Set-Up mode (BOTTOM MRG
option). Example: In the following picture, BOTTOM MRG option is set to 50.
Left column 3: This is the column where the printing actually starts. To define a
left margin, select the number of this column within Set-Up mode (LEFT MARGN option). Example: In the following picture, LEFT MARGN option is set to 4.
Print area 4: Print area defined by the corresponding Set-Up options: Form
Length, Top-of-Form, Top Margin, and Bottom Margin.
Paper perforation 5: The perforation defines the physical page length.
3-18
...
1
2
3
4
5
6
Paper Handling
TOF
ABCDEFGHIJ ···
ABCDEFGHIJ ···
...
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
...
L
48
49
50
51
52
ABCDEFGHIJ ···
TOF
...
1
2
3
4
5
6
Print Area Definition
3-19
Paper Handling
Line Feed/Form Feed
Use the line feed/form feed function to move paper forward. This function is valid
whenever the printer is not receiving or printing data and has no fault. Pressing the
LF button advances the paper one line. Pressing the FF/Load button feeds one sheet
of paper.
Except using the Park button for unloading paper or using the Top-of-Form Adjustment mode for fine-adjusting the Top-of-Form position, you are not allowed to execute “reverse” feed from the control panel. To feed paper backward, manually rotate
the platen knob. Remember that the Top-of-Form will slip from the original setting.
Top-of-Form Adjustment
NOTE: For Top-of-Form definition, see the previous section “Print Area Defini-
tion”.
The Top-of-Form adjustment is available for single sheets or continuous forms fed
by the push-tractor. The adjustment is reflected to the Top-of-Form setting of Macro
1 or Macro 2 currently selected from the control panel.
NOTE: This adjustment is not available for continuous forms fed by the pull-tractor.
You can adjust the Top-of-Form value within the range from 0 to 99/60 inches.
NOTE: The horizontal embossed rib under the red cursor on the print head carriage
corresponds to the base line of the characters to be printed.
1. Position the paper at the current Top-of-Form position:
For continuous forms, park the paper, then press the FF/LOAD button.
For a single sheet, simply insert the sheet in the cut sheet stand.
Paper is automatically fed to the Top-of-Form position, if the Set-Up option
S-SHEET LD (Single Sheet Load) is set to AUTO. Otherwise, press the
FF/LOAD button.
2. Make sure the is in the pause state (Offline). Press the Pause button if necessary.
Enter the Top-of-Form mode by pressing the LF and FF/LOAD buttons at the
same time. The printer beeps and the M1/M2 indicator flashes alternately with
the DEC and PPX24 indicators, indicating the Top-of-Form mode.
3-20
Paper Handling
3. Adjust the Top-of-Form value:
To increase the Top-of-Form value of a 1/60 inch, press the
per moves forward.
To decrease the Top-of-Form value of a 1/60 inch, press the
per moves backward.
button.The pabutton.The pa-
To reset the Top-of-Form value to 0, press the Top button. The paper moves
to the edge of the page (position 0).
NOTE: If you reach the limit of the permitted range, the printer beeps, and the paper
stops moving.
4. Save the Top-of-Form value:
To permanently save the value, press the Exit/Save button. The printer returns
to Normal mode.
To temporarily save the value, press the Set-Up/Quit button. The printer returns to Normal mode. (The new value is lost at the next power-off.)
NOTE: The use of the
and
buttons for micro-feeding is available for some
cases of software errors (Fault indicator blinking).
NOTE: If you want to clear the adjusted TOF position and to return to the initial
state, press the Top buttons at the same time.
3-21
Paper Handling
Switching Paper Types
If you have more than one type of job, it is often necessary to switch between continuous forms and single sheets. This section explains how to switch between paper
types. It is not necessary to remove the continuous forms paper from the printer.
CAUTION: This function is not available for continuous forms paper that is fed by
the pull-tractor.
Switching from Continuous Forms to Single Sheets (Push-Feed Mode)
To switch from continuous forms to single sheets:
1. Tear off your printed pages.
2. Retract the forms paper to the park position by pressing the Park button. The
Fault indicator turns on.
CAUTION: Retracting many pages by using the Park button without tearing off will
cause paper jams. To avoid damage to your printed pages, be sure to
tear off the printed pages before retracting the continuous forms paper.
3. Move the paper select lever forward to the single sheet position.
4. Raise the cut sheet stand to the up position. (For details see the section “Using
Single Sheets” earlier in this chapter.) Put a sheet of paper on the cut sheet stand
with its bottom edge aligned with the platen. The paper automatically advance
to the top-of-form position if the option S-SHEET LD (Single Sheet Load) is set
to AUTO. Otherwise, press the FF/LOAD button to advance the single sheet
paper to the top-of-form position.
You are now ready to print using single sheets.
Switching from Single Sheets to Continuous Forms (Push-Feed Mode)
To switch from single sheets to continuous forms:
1. If a sheet of paper is loaded, remove the paper by turning the platen knob or
pressing the FF/LOAD button.
2. Move the paper select lever to the rear to the continuous forms position.
3. Press the FF/LOAD button. The continuous forms paper advances from the
park position to the top-of-form position.
You are now ready to print using continuous forms paper.
3-22
Paper Handling
Tips on Paper Handling
General Tips
Use high-quality paper. Do not use paper that is wrinkled or curled at the edges.
Do not use paper with staples or metal parts.
Do not use paper with unpredictable variations in thickness, such as paper with
partial multilayers, paper with embossed printing, or labels with the backing
sheet exposed.
Store paper in a clean, dry environment.
Multipart Forms
Avoid using carbon-interleaved single sheets if possible. Printing tends to become misaligned on the bottom sheet.
Set the paper thickness lever to best accommodate the multipart form thickness.
To ensure smoother feeding of paper-stapled, multipart forms, raise the cut sheet
stand to support the forms.
Envelopes
When printing envelopes, use the cut sheet stand. Note the following:
Set the paper thickness lever to best accommodate the envelope thickness.
When loading envelopes, make sure that the envelope flaps face forward. Otherwise, the envelopes may jam in the printer.
Labels
Be careful to check operating conditions when using labels. Labels are sensitive
to temperature and humidity.
Only use labels mounted on continuous forms backing sheets. Do not print labels
mounted on single sheet backing. Labels mounted on single sheet backing tend to
slip and printing becomes crooked.
Do not leave labels loaded in the printer. If labels curl around the platen, jamming
may occur when printing is resumed.
Set the paper thickness lever to best accommodate the label thickness.
3-23
Paper Handling
Test-print labels before running a job. If jams occur, set the paper thickness lever
to a wider position. If jamming problems continue, try a different type of label.
3-24
Printing
4
Printing
This chapter describes the following typical printing operations:
Selecting print features
Starting, stopping, or resuming printing and viewing last printed lines
Removing printed pages
Selecting Print Features
The print features you select determine how your printer interprets commands from
the computer and how your printed pages will look. For example, print features include the following:
Protocol (M1/M2)
Font
Pitch (characters per horizontal inch)
Line spacing (lines per vertical inch)
Page length and margins
To select print features, you can use either commercial software or the printer control
panel. The method you use depends on the capabilities of your software. If your
software has most of the features you require, you may rarely – if ever – have to use
the control panel. In fact, your software mostly overrides the printer settings.
If your software has limited options, you can use the printer control panel to select
print features. Sometimes, the control panel enables you to select features not available through your software. For example, you can select downloaded fonts not supported by your software.
Using Commercial Software
Many commercial software packages offer a wide variety of print features, including
some features that are not supported by this printer. For example, software often provides a wider range of font sizes than the printer can accommodate. Software also
allows you to specify multiple fonts on a page. To determine which features your
software supports and how to select them, refer to your software documentation.
4-1
Printing
Using the Control Panel
This printer can directly select some print features from the control panel. These features, listed on the control panel, are two predetermined sets (macros) of print features and three protocols. Use the following procedures to select Macros and
Protocols:
Macrol selection
1. Press the Protocol M1 and the Park M2 buttons simultaneously to enter Macro
selection mode. The M1/M2 indicator starts blinking.
2. Then press within 3 seconds Protocol M1 button to select macro 1 or Park M2
button to select macro 2. If macro 1 is selected, the M1/M2 indicator lights, if
macro 2 is selected the M1/M2 indicator is off.
Macro select mode
3. Press the Pause button to return the printer to the Ready state. You are ready to
print using the selected macro.
NOTE: The active Macro at power-off remains active at next power-up.
4-2
Printing
Macro 1 and Macro 2 Settings
When you switch from one macro to another, each modification you made using the
control panel for the Top-of-Form option or the Protocol option is lost, and the values
of these options stored in the new macro become active.
The following tables list default values of options for print features. The former is
for options in Macro 1 and Macro 2 and the latter is for options independent of Macro
selection.
Print Feature
Factory Settings
Macro 1
Macro 2
Protocol
Protocol serial
Protocol parallel
Protocol USB
Port dependent
DEC PPL2
EPSON-ESC
EPSON-ESC
Port dependent
DEC PPL2
IBM PPX24
IBM PPX24
Font
Horizontal pitch
Vertical pitch
Draft
10 cpi
6 lpi
Draft
10 cpi
6 lpi
Form length
Left margin
Top of Form1
Top margin
Bottom margin
11 inches
1 column
0/60 inch
1 line
66 lines
11 inches
1 column
0/60 inch
1 line
66 lines
Line mode
Paper source2
Print direction
LF = LF, CR = CR
Tractor
Soft control
LF = LF, CR = CR
Tractor
Soft control
DEC defaults
DEC printer ID
Auto wrap
EOT disconnect
Initial report
Auto answerback
Answerback on ENQ
DEC G0 character set
DEC user preference character set
PPL2
Wrap
No disconnect on EOT
No
No
No
US ASCII
DEC Supplemental
PPL2
Wrap
No disconnect on EOT
No
No
No
US ASCII
DEC Supplemental
IBM&Epson
Default Character set
CP 437
CP 437
IBM defaults
IBM set 1 or 2
IBM double height
IBM AGM
IBM set 1
No
No
IBM set 1
No
No
4-3
Printing
Print Feature
Epson defaults
Epson national character
set
Factory Settings
Macro 1
Macro 2
USA
USA
1 When you change the Macro selection and the new Top-of-Form value is different from the former,
paper is automatically fed to the next page, using the new Top-of-Form value.
2 When you change the Macro selection and the paper source selection is different, the printer automatically parks the continuous forms (in Push-Feed mode only) or ejects the cut sheet. The Fault
indicator blinks, indicating you should change the position of thepaper select lever.
NOTE: You cannot attempt to change the Macro selection when the printer is print-
ing, even if you switch to the Pause state.
4-4
Printing
Installation Settings
Print Feature
Factory Settings
Language
Tear
Single sheet loading
Error beep
English
Auto, 1 second
Auto, 2 second
One
Buffer
64 Kbytes
Interface type
Auto interface switch time
Baud rate
Bits and parity
Buffer control
Disconnected on fault
Area control
Gather control
Tear off control
Skip control
Automatic sense
2 seconds
9600 bps
8 bits and none
XON/XOFF
No
No
No
Speed
Yes
Adjustments Settings
Print Feature
Factory Settings
Fanfold adjust (continuous forms)
Manual adjust (single sheets)
Reserved 1
Reserved 2
Manual adjust 2
Fanfold adjust 2
Fanfold adjust 3
Reserved 3
0/60 inch
0/60 inch
0/60 inch
0/60 inch
0/30 inch
0/30 inch
0/30 inch
0/30 inch
Menu Access Settings
Print Feature
Factory Settings
Menu access
All functions allowed
4-5
Printing
Changing the Protocol
When you first turn the printer on, the active protocol depends on what port will be
used for printing.
For Macro 1: If you use the serial port, the active protocol will be the DEC protocol.
If you use the parallel port, the active protocol will be the Epson
protocol.
If you use the USB port, the active protocol will be the Epson protocol.
For Macro 2: If you use the serial port, the active protocol will be the DEC protocol.
If you use the parallel port, the active protocol will be the IBM protocol.
If you use the USB port, the active protocol will be the IBM protocol.
This printer has three protocols and allows you to set the protocol mode in one of the
following three ways: the printer engages one of the three protocols, automatically
determines the active protocol, or assigns different protocols for parallel, serial or
USB interfaces.
To change the protocol: Repeatedly press the Protocol button. The DEC and PPX24
indicators turn on and off. The combination of lighted indicators shows the protocol
mode selected, according tothe next table.
Changing the protocol
4-6
Printing
Indicator Status
Active Protocol
DEC lit
DEC ANSI protocol is active
PPX24 lit
IBM Proprinter X24E/XL24E protocol is active
Both indicatorts lit
Epson ESC/P2 protocol is active
Flashing alternately According to Set-Up settings, the printer waits for data to
switch to a proper protocol.
4-7
Printing
Starting or Stopping Printing
Starting Printing
Before you start to print, make sure that paper is loaded. Also, verify that the paper
thickness lever is set to the appropriate position (1 to D).
To start printing, make sure that the Ready indicator is lit (the printer is ready). If not
so, press the Pause button to place the printer in the Ready state. Then start your software.
Stopping and Viewing Printing
To stop printing, press the Pause button to place the printer in the Pause state. The
printer stops after printing the current and next lines. You can also use your software
to stop printing, but there will be a slight delay before printing stops. After the printer
enters the Pause state, it still receives data until the print buffer becomes full of new
data. The data in the print buffer will be lost if you turn the printer off.
When the printer stops printing, the paper is advanced to the viewing position so that
you can view the last printed lines. This function is valid for single sheets and continuous forms in push-tractor feed mode but not valid for continuous forms in pulltractor feed mode.
Resuming Printing
To resume printing, press the Pause button again. If the paper is advanced for viewing, it is backed to the previous position before printing. To cancel printing, use the
cancel commands provided by your software or computer. To clear the print buffer,
turn the printer off. Any data sent to the print buffer before you canceled printing will
be lost.
Resuming from a Paper-Out
The printer can “sense” when paper runs out. The printer stops printing and lights the
Fault indicator. To resume printing when paper runs out, follow the procedures described below:
1. Install paper on the forms tractor unit or on the cut sheet stand as described in
Chapter 2, “Setting up the printer”.
2. To load the first sheet of paper, press the FF/LOAD button for continuous forms.
Single sheets are automatically loaded unless you change the factory setting. The
Fault indicator will turn off and the printer resumes printing.
4-8
Printing
CAUTION: For continuous forms paper, the page where printing stopped and the
page where printing resumes may be incorrectly printed. In this case,
wait for the entire job to finish printing. Then reprint the incorrect pages.
4-9
Printing
Removing Printed Pages
This section describes the best methods for removing single sheets or continuous
forms paper after printing.
Removing Single Sheets
When you print using software, the printer automatically ejects each sheet of paper
when the end of the printed page is reached. To eject sheets manually:
Press the FF/Load button to execute a form feed.
Removing Continuous Forms
To avoid wasting paper when removing printed continuous forms paper, use the
printer's tear-off function.
Depending on the TEAR option value of the Set-Up, the printer automatically feeds
the paper so that the perforation faces the tear bar. Tear the paper off. The paper will
automatically return to the Top-of-Form position when the printer receives data to
print.
If you have set the TEAR option to MANUAL, you have to press the Pause button
to move the paper to the tear bar, and then to return the paper to the Top-of-Form position.
NOTE: See the section “Tearing Off Continuous Forms” in Chapter 3, “PaperHan-
dling”.
4-10
Using Set-Up Mode
5
Using Set-Up Mode
Your Printer has two operation modes:
The Normal mode is used for daily operations like paper handling and printing as
explained in Chapter 3, “Paper Handling” and Chapter 4 “Printing”.
The Set-Up mode is used to change the printer settings that affect the daily operations.
What is Set-Up Mode for?
The Set-Up mode allows you:
To define the two user environments, Macro 1 and Macro 2, which prepare two
sets of printer operating environments for your application software. Printer operating environments include the protocol, font, horizontal and vertical pitches,
page length and margins, line mode, and printing direction. They also include
protocol dependent options like the character set.
To check your settings by printing a list of all the printer’s currently selected values.
To define general installation parameters related to the integration in your environment (e.g., menu language, tear-off control, auto-load control, and interface).
To fit Top-of-Form adjustments for paper feed control.
To help diagnose your printer for trouble-shooting by printing test and hexadecimal dumps.
To recall all the factory settings (including both user environments, installation
parameters, and adjustment parameters).
To define what kind of settings modifications are allowed to avoid accidentally
changing of Set-Up values.
5-1
Using Set-Up Mode
How Set-Up Works
The Set-Up mode consists of Set-Up functions which correspond to the printer settings described in the previous page. Each function generally has many options
which correspond to the print features to be changed. Each option includes many parameters values to be selected. All the Set-Up functions, options, and values are
printed in a logical sequence on the paper when you enter the Set-Up mode, including
the usage of buttons. You can perform all the Set-Up operations by using buttons on
the control panel in the following order:
Navigating through the option menu structure.
Selecting a new value for an option.
Saving your new printer configuration (permanently or temporarily).
For information on using the printing test and hex dump functions, see the section
“Using the Diagnostic Functions” later in this chapter.
Entering the Set-Up Mode
Before entering the Set-Up mode, load continuous feed paper on the tractors as described in the section, “Using Continuous Forms,” in Chapter 2. Several sheets of
paper may be required to make all of your Set-Up mode selections. Of course, you
can use single sheets.
NOTE: We recommend the use of the push-tractor mode in order to avoid paper
jams.
To enter the Set-Up mode:
1. Make sure that the tractors are loaded with continuous feedpaper and that the
paper select lever is set backward.
2. Turn the printer off.
3. Turn the printer back on while pressing the two Set-Up/Quit buttons until the
printer beeps.
4. Open the front cover in order to see the printed text.
5-2
Using Set-Up Mode
5. When the printer enters the Set-Up mode, it prints the following information.
During the Set-Up mode, the M1/M2 indicator flashes.
1
2
4
MACRO 1
3
Initial printout in setup mode
The initial printout contains a header, help menu 1, and <FUNCTIONS> menu 2.
The header tells you that the printer is in the Set-Up mode. The help menu provides
a quick summary of how to use buttons in the Set-Up mode.
The <FUNCTIONS> menu 2 lists all of the functions available in the Set-Up mode.
Generally speaking, the red cursor 3 on the plastic print guide 4 indicates the function
or value to be selected. When entering the Set-Up mode, the red cursor is initially
positioned under MACRO 1.
5-3
Using Set-Up Mode
Overview of the Set-Up Mode
When you enter the Set-Up mode, the following <FUNCTIONS> menu is printed:
<FUNCTIONS>
MACRO 1 MACRO 2
PRINT
INSTALL
ADJUST
TESTS
RCALL-FACT MENU-ACCESS SAVE&EXIT
The following table summarizes the purpose of each function.
Set-Up Mode Functions
Function
Purpose
MACRO 1 and MACRO 2 Assigns print features to MACRO 1 and MACRO 2
PRINT
Prints the Printer Configuration
INSTALL
Changes the Set-Up menu language, computer interface, and paper feed control options
ADJUST
Changes the top-of-form fine adjustment options
TESTS
Runs the printing test and hex dumps
RCALL-FACT
Resets factory settings in MACRO 1, MACRO 2,
INSTALL and ADJUST
MENU-ACCESS
Restricts access to Set-Up functions from the control
panel
SAVE&EXIT
Exits the Set-Up mode and saves any changes made
in the Set-Up mode
To select a function from the <FUNCTIONS> menu:
button or the  button to position the red cursor on the
plastic print guide under the function you require.
1. Repeatedly press the
2. Press the
button or the
button to select the function. If the function has
options and values, the printer prints the first option and its values.
The MACRO 1, MACRO 2, INSTALL, ADJUST, TESTS, and MENUACCESS functions contain options that have selectable values. The other functions have neither options nor values.
5-4
Using Set-Up Mode
3. After selecting the desired values, press the Exit/Save button to reprint the
<FUNCTIONS> menu where the red cursor is positioned beneath SAVE&EXIT.
For each option, the bolded value is the current default value (the value currently
savedin the printer’s permanent memory). In the previous example, the default
values are PORT DEPND (Port Dependent) for protocol selection and DRAFT
(Draft) for font selection.
Example: Changing the Vertical Pitch
To become familiar with the Set-Up mode, try the following example. This example
shows how to change the vertical pitch in Macro 2 from 6 lines per inch to 8 lines per
inch.
1. Enter the Set-Up mode.
Turn the printer off and back on while pressing the Set-Up/Quit button until the
printer beeps.
2. Select the Macro 2 function.
button once to position the
Wait for the printer to stop printing and press the
red cursor on the plastic guide of the print head under MACRO 2. Press the
button to select the Macro 2 function and print the <PROTObutton or the
COL> option and its values.
3. Print the menu of the vertical pitch option.
Since you only want to change the vertical pitch, press the button to select the
current protocol. Bolded PORT DEPND is underlined, and the next option
<PRTCL SERL> is printed. (The bolded value indicates the current setting, and
button in the
the underlined value is the new setting.) Repeatedly press the
same way until the <VERT PITCH> option and its values are printed.
4. Change the vertical pitch from 6 to 8 lines per inch.
Press the
button once to position the red cursor beneath 8 LPI. Press the
button to select 8 LPI. 8 LPI is underlined, and the next option, <HORZ
PITCH>, and its values are printed.
5. Exit the Macro 2 function.
Since you do not want to make any other changes in MACRO 2, press the Exit/
Save button. The <FUNCTIONS> menu is then reprinted, and the red cursor is
positioned beneath SAVE&EXIT.
5-5
Using Set-Up Mode
6. Exit the Set-Up mode, saving or not saving the new vertical pitch.
button or the
button to save 8 lines per inch as the new power-on
Press the
default in Macro 2, and then exit Macro 2. The printer exits the Set-Up mode
and returns to the Ready state. These settings remain in effect until the next time
they are changed.
Press the Set-Up/Quit button if you do not intend to save these settings in
Macro 2.
5-6
Using Set-Up Mode
Options with Undetermined Values
For some options, you can choose among a continuous range of many values. These
options are identified as follows:
<XXX-No of INCH>, which means the unit of the range is the Inch.
<XXX-No of COLM>, which means the unit of the range is the Column.
<XXX-No of LINE>, which means the unit of the range is the Line.
When you select such an option, only the current value is printed. The numeric range
of these respective options are from 1 to 256, from 0 to 255, or from 0 to 99.
To select such a value:
button or the  button (the printer beeps) as many times as you
decrease from or increase to the current value. If you change the value by a wide
margin, you can keep the button pressed continuously; the printer beeps at intervals of 0.2 seconds. The number of beeps corresponds to the number of times
you press the button.
1. Press the
2. When you stop pressing the button, the new value is printed to the right of the
current value.
3. If this new value is not satisfactory, repeat step 1 until the next new value is sat-
isfactory.
Range Management for a Wide Range of Values
The permitted range of these values may be limited as to physical range.
If you intend to change to a value which is outside of the permitted physical range,
the actual current value will be the highest possible value considering other Set-Up
dependent values and may not match the value displayed.
See the Options tables to ascertain the permitted range.
Example: Changing the Left Margin
This example shows how to change the left margin in Macro 2 from column 1 to column 20.
1. Enter the Set-Up mode.
Turn the printer off and back on while pressing the Set-Up/Quit button until the
printer beeps.
5-7
Using Set-Up Mode
2. Select the Macro 2 function.
button once to position
Wait for the printer to stop printing. Then press the
the red cursor on the plastic guide of the print head under MACRO 2. Press the
button or the
button to select the Macro 2 function and print the <PROTOCOL> option and its values.
3. Print the menu of the left margin option.
Since you only want to change the left margin, press the
button to select the
current protocol. The bolded PORT DEPND is underlined, and the next option
<PRTCL SERL> is printed. (The bolded value indicates the current setting, and
button until the
the underlined value is the new setting.) Repeatedly press the
<LEFT MARGN> option and its value are printed.
4. Change the left margin from column 1 to column 20.
button until the printer beeps nineteen times. When the
Press and hold the
button is released, the new value is printed next to the current value. If the new
value is not 20 COL, repeat this operation. If it is 20 COL, press thebutton to
select 20 COL. 20 COL is underlined, and the next option, <TOP OF FRM>,
and its value are printed.
5. Exit the Macro 2 function.
Since you do not want to make any other changes in MACRO 2, press the Exit/
Save button. The <FUNCTIONS> menu is then reprinted, and the red cursor is
positioned beneath SAVE&EXIT.
6. Exit the Set-Up mode, saving or not saving the new left margin.
Press the
button or the
button to save 20 columns as the new power-on
default in Macro 2 and exit Macro 2. The printer then exits the Set-Up mode and
returns to the Ready state. These settings remain in effect until the next time they
are changed.
Press the Set-Up/Quit button if you do not intend saving these settings in
Macro 2.
Options with Both Pre-determined and Undetermined Values
Some options include both types of values. Undetermined values appear at the end
of the list of pre-determined values, identified by the unit of the corresponding range.
For example, when you select the <FORM LENGH> option (Form Length), the following menu is printed:
<FORM LENGH>
3
INCHES 3.5 INCHES 4
8.5 INCHES 11 INCHES
11 2/3INCH 12 INCHES 14
5-8
INCHES 5.5 INCHES 6
INCHES 15
INCHES 7
INCHES No of LINE
INCHES 8
INCHES
Using Set-Up Mode
1. Select the No of LINE value.
A new option menu with undetermined values is printed.
2. Change the value according to the previous procedure.
The chart on the next page summarizes how to select options such as protocol and
font and how to use the functions that do not have options.
5-9
Using Set-Up Mode
Enter Set-Up mode:
Turn power on with Set-Up/Quit pressed
Reprint <FUNCTIONS> menu
Printer prints <FUNCTIONS> menu
Select function: Press
or
to position the cursor,
then press
or
One of the following functions is selected
PRINT (list of defaults) and
RECALL FACTORY DEFAULTS
Press Exit/Save
MACRO1, MACRO2,
INSTALL, ADJUST,
and MENU ACCESS
Select values: Press
to position cursor,
then press
or
or
TESTS
(PRINT TEST and HEXDUMP)
Select values: Press
to position cursor,
then press
or
or
SAVE&EXIT
Press Set-Up/Quit
Press
*1
Printer exits Set-Up mode
without saving changes
or
*2
Printer saves changes and
exits Set-Up mode
: Functions having options and/or values
*1 Changes are valid, but will be lost at next power-off.
*2 Changes will remain valid at next power-on.
5-10
Using Set-Up Mode
Points to Remember
We recommend that you use continuous forms paper for printing in the Set-Up
mode because the output will exceed a single page. To load paper, use the FF/
Load button. To adjust the line position of the paper in the Set-Up mode, use the
platen knob.
Whenever you enter the Set-Up mode, short help menus are printed at the top of
the page. Help menus are also printed when you select the TESTS function. Use
the help menus for quick reference while in the Set-Up mode.
When printing the options and values for each function, you can move either forward or backward in the option list. To move forward (print the next option), press
the button. To move backward (print the previous option), press the button.
You can skip printing the value list for the undesired options by pressing and
holding down these buttons.
While in the <FUNCTIONS> menu or when selecting a function that contains options and selectable values, press the Exit/Save button to reprint the <FUNCTIONS> menu. In this case, the red cursor is positioned beneath SAVE&EXIT.
A bolded (overprinted) value indicates that it is the current setting. An underlined
value indicates a selected setting.
While in the Set-Up mode, you can use the PRINT function to print out a list of
the currently selected values. (See the next section for details.)
To exit the Set-Up mode and permanently save your changes, select the
SAVE&EXIT function. For details, see the section “Save Settings and Exit Setup mode” later in this chapter.
To exit the Set-Up mode and temporarily use your changes, press the Set-Up/
Quit button. Your previous power-on settings will be active when you turn the
printer on again.
5-11
Using Set-Up Mode
Printing the Printer Configuration
The PRINT function prints a list of all the printer’s currently selected values. This
function is useful for checking the printer settings when you first enter the Set-Up
mode or just before you exit. To print a list of values, first load continuous forms
paper, and then enter the Set-Up mode to select the PRINT function. The printer
starts to print a list of the currently selected values. The pre-selected factory settings
are shown on the next page.
When the printer finishes printing the list of values, it reprints the <FUNCTIONS>
menu.
CAUTION: To remove the printout, turn the platen knob until the paper can be torn
off at the perforation. In the Set-Up mode, you cannot use the printer tearoff feature (Pause button).
Select another function or exit the Set-Up mode, saving any changes you made. For
details about other functions, see the other sections in this chapter. To exit the SetUp mode and save your changes, make sure that the red cursor is positioned beneath
button or the
button.
SAVE&EXIT, then press the
5-12
Using Set-Up Mode
5-13
Using Set-Up Mode
Deciding Which Options to Change
The previous page shows a printout of the printer’s factory settings. In this printout,
options are listed by functional group:
MACRO 1 and MACRO 2 functions
INSTALL function
ADJUST function
MENU-ACCES function
Most selectable values only alter print features such as the type style and page format.
Some values must be selected correctly for the printer to work properly with your
hardware and software, however. For each function, the following table lists options
whose values must be selected correctly for your system and printer.
Required Options
5-14
Function
Option
Value
MACRO 1
MACRO 2
PROTOCOL
The protocol selected on the printer must
be the same as the protocol selected in
your software. If you selected a protocol
when you set up the printer, you do not
need to change the PROTOCOL option
unless you want to change to a different
protocol.
For MACRO 1, the factory setting is PORT
DEPND (Port Dependent). This means that
the active protocol depends on which port
is actually used by the printer. The protocol
for the serial port (PRTCL SERL) is factory
set to DEC PPL2, and the protocol for the
parallel port (PRTCL PARL) is factory set to
EPSON-ESCP.
For MACRO 2, the factory setting is also
PORT DEPND. The protocol for the serial
port (PRTCL SERL) is also set to DEC
PPL2, but the protocol for the parallel port
(PRTCL PARL) is factory set to IBM
PPX24.
See the section “Changing Macro 1 and
Macro 2 Options” later in this chapter.
Using Set-Up Mode
Function
Option
Value
ADJUST
FNFOLD ADJ
MANUAL ADJ
You can separately adjust the origin of the
Top-of-Form for both continuous forms and
single sheets.
See the section “Adjusting Top-of-Form Origin” later in this chapter.
INSTALL
BAUD RATE
BIT&PARITY
BUFFER CTL
DISC FAULT
If you have a serial interface, the serial
interface options selected on the printer
must be the same as the settings you
selected using your software or your computer operating system. If the settings are
not the same, the printer will not print or will
print garbage.
See the section “Changing Install Options”
later in this chapter.
TESTS
None
See the section “Using the Diagnostic
Functions” later in this chapter.
MENU-ACCES
None
You can inhibit the Set-Up functions from
being accessed from the control panel.
Changing Macro 1 and Macro 2 Options
The MACRO 1 and MACRO 2 functions allow you to use two sets of different print
options according to your application software. You can easily switch between
MACRO 1 and MACRO 2 in Normal mode as described in Chapter 4, “Printing”.
With the factory setting, MACRO 1 is invoked when you first turn on the printer. The
Macro selection change is permanently retained in the printer.
Select the same protocol on the printer as is selected in your software. If the protocols
are not the same, the printer will not work correctly with your software. If you plan
to use two different protocols on a regular basis, assign the most frequently used protocol to MACRO 1. Assign the second protocol to MACRO 2. All of the other settings available for MACRO 1 and MACRO 2 are optional. Some of the options and
values will vary with the protocol.
To determine which features your software supports, refer to your software documentation.
The following table describes the MACRO 1 and MACRO 2 options and values.
Both functions offer the same options and values. The options in the table are listed
in the order in which they are printed. Not all options are defined for all protocols,
and some values vary with the protocol.
5-15
Using Set-Up Mode
The procedure for changing the MACRO 1 and MACRO 2 options are presented in
the previous sections of this chapter.
Macro 1 and Macro 2 Options and Values
Overprinted values are the factory settings.
Some settings are overridden by commands from the computer.
Options that differ by protocol are described at the end of the table.
Macro1/Macro 2
Values
Select the same protocol as that selected
by your software.
<PROTOCOL>
DEC PPL2
DEC PPL2 printers
IBM PPX24
– IBM Proprinter X24E printers (LA48N)
– IBM Proprinter XL24E printers (LA48W)
EPSON ESCP
Epson printers using the ESC/P2 protocol
AUTO
The printer automatically senses the active
protocol. This is useful when you use various applications in a DOS or network environment and cannot determine the
protocol. The efficiency of this function
relies on the recognition of control
sequences that are protocol specific. If
such control sequences are not detected
in the data string received, the printer may
fail to determine the proper protocol, providing an unexpected result.
PORT DEPND
The printer selects a protocol according to
the active interface (parallel, serial or
USB). See the next options.
<PRTCL SERL>
Select a protocol for the serial interface.
This is invalid and skipped when PORT
DEPND is not selected for the
<PROTOCOL> option.
(Protocol Serial)
5-16
Description
DEC PPL2
DEC PPL2 printers (factory setting for
Macro 1 and Macro 2).
IBM PPX24
– IBM Proprinter X24E printers (LA48N)
– IBM Proprinter XL24E printers (LA48W)
EPSON ESCP
Epson printers using the ESC/P2 protocol.
Using Set-Up Mode
Macro1/Macro 2
Values
<PRTCL PARL>
(Protocol Parallel)
Description
Select a protocol for the parallel interface.
This is invalid and skipped when PORT
DEPND is not selected for the
<PROTOCOL> option.
DEC PPL2
DEC PPL2 printers
IBM PPX24
– IBM Proprinter X24E printers (LA48N)
– IBM Proprinter XL24E printers (LA48W)
(Either is selected as factory setting for
Macro 2.)
EPSON ESCP
Epson printers using the ESC/P2 protocol.
(Factorysetting for Macro 1.)
<PRTCL USB>
(Protocol USB)
Select a protocol for the USB interface.
This is invalid and skipped when PORT
DEPND is not selected for the
<PROTOCOL> option.
DEC PPL2
DEC PPL2 printers
IBM PPX24
– IBM Proprinter X24E printers (LA48N)
– IBM Proprinter XL24E printers (LA48W)
(Either is selected as factory setting for
Macro 2.)
EPSON ESCP
Epson printers using the ESC/P2 protocol.
(Factorysetting for Macro 1.)
5-17
Using Set-Up Mode
Macro1/Macro 2
Values
Select a font to be active when the power
is turned on. For fixed-spaced fonts, be
sure to change the horizontal pitch as well.
<FONT>
DRAFT
Draft font (lower resolution than letter quality, 3 times the speed of letter quality)
HSDRAFT
High-impact draft font (lower resolution
than lette rquality, 1.5 times the speed of
letter quality with high copying capability)
PICA
Pica 10 font
COURIER
Courier 10 font
PRESTIGE
Prestige 12 font
COMPRESSED
Compressed 17 font
BOLDFACE
Boldface PS font
TIMELESS
Timeless PS font
NIMBUS-SAN
Nimbus-Sans PS font
OCR A
OCR A 10 font
OCR B
OCR B 10 font
<HORZ PITCH>
(Horizontal Pitch)
## CPI
10, 12, 13.2, 15, 16.5, 17, 18, or 20
(characters per horizontal inch)
<VERT PITCH>
(Vertical Pitch)
## LPI
2, 3, 4, 6, 8, or 12
(lines per vertical inch)
## LPCM
1, 2, or 4
(lines per centimeter)
<FORM LENGH>
Specify the length of the page in inches or
by the number of lines per page.
## INCHES
3, 3.5, 4, 5.5, 6, 7, 8, 8.5, 11 (Letter size),
11 2/3 (A4 size), 12, 14, or 15
No of LINE
1 to 256 (66)
Number of lines per page
<LEFT MARGN>
Specify the left margin by the number of
the left column (see “Print Area Definition”
in Chapter 3, “Paper Handling”).
No of COLM
5-18
Description
1 to 256
Number of the left column
Using Set-Up Mode
Macro1/Macro 2
Values
<FORM WIDTH>
For LA48W only. Specify the physical right
margin.
8
IN
13.2 IN
13.6 IN
<TOP OF FRM>
(Top-of-Form)
<TOP MRGN>
(Top Margin)
Description
8-inch page width
13.2-inch page width
13.6-inch page width
Specify the top of form in 1/60 inches (see
“Print Area Definition” in Chapter 3, “Paper
Handling”).
## /60 IN
0 to 99
Number of 1/60 inches
## LINES
1 to 256
Number of the top line
<BOTTOM MRG>
(Bottom Margin)
Specify the number of the bottom line (see
“Print Area Definition” in Chapter 3, “Paper
Handling”).
## LINES
1 to 256 (66)
Number of the bottom line
Specify the effect of LF (Line Feed) and
CR (Carriage Return) codes.
<LINE MODE>
LF = LF
CR = CR
LF = LF+CR
CR = LF+CR
CR=CR: No line feed is added to a carriage return.
CR=LF+CR: A line feed is added to each
carriage return.
LF=LF: No carriage return is added to a
line feed.
LF=LF+CR: A carriage return is added to
each line feed.
Specify the paper input source. This setting is valid immediately after powering on.
After that, the paper source follows the setting of the paper select lever.
<PAPER SRC>
(Paper Source)
TRACTOR
Continuous forms selected
MANUAL
Single sheets selected
RESVD 1
Reserved
RESVD 2
Reserved
RESVD 1/2
Reserved
5-19
Using Set-Up Mode
Macro1/Macro 2
Values
Description
<PRINT DIR>
(Print Direction)
UNIDIR
Unidirectional printing. Unidirectional printing is used for printing that needs precise
vertical alignment. Unidirectional printing
is slower than bidirectional printing.
BIDIR
Bidirectional printing. The printer prints in
either direction while seeking the next print
direction for a shorter print time. The unidirectional command is ignored.
SOFT CNTRL
The print direction follows a command
from the computer. If no command is sent,
print direction is bidirectional.
(Software Control)
<DEC DEFLTS>
(DEC Defaults)
<DEC PRT ID>
(DEC Printer ID)
The following are the Set-Up options for
the DEC PPL2 protocol only.
PPL2
LA50 ID
LA120 ID
Specify the printer ID to be given in
response to DA commands from the computer.
LA210 ID
<AUTO WRAP>
TRUNCATE
Characters are received but not stored in
the print buffer.
WRAP
End-of-line wrap. Causes a Carriage
Return plus a Line Feed.
<EOT DISCON>
(End of Transmission Disconnect)
Specify whether the DSR signal is controlled by the EOT character (DEC-423
serial interface only).
NO DISCON
EOT character is ignored.
DISCONNECT
DTR signal turns low for five seconds
when the EOT character is detected.
<INIT REPRT>
(Initialization
Report)
5-20
Specify whether the status is sent to the
computer when the printer is turned on
(DEC-423 serial interface only).
NO
Status is not sent.
YES
Status is sent.
Using Set-Up Mode
Macro1/Macro 2
Values
<AUTO ANSBK>
(Automatic
ANSWERBACK)
Description
Specify whether the ANSWERBACK message is sent to the computer when printer
is turned on.
NO
ANSWERBACK message is not sent.
YES
ANSWERBACK message is sent.
<ANSWER ENQ>
(ANSWERBACK
on ENQ)
Specify whether the ANSWERBACK message is sent to the computer when printer
receives an ENQ code.
NO
ANSWERBACK message is not sent.
YES
ANSWERBACK message is sent.
5-21
Using Set-Up Mode
Macro1/Macro 2
Values
Select a character set (language) for the
G0.
<DEC G0 CST>
5-22
Description
US ASCII
American English
BRITISH
British English
D-FINNISH
DEC Finnish
FRENCH
French
D-FRENCH-C
DEC French-Canada
GERMAN
German
I-ITALIAN
ISO Italian
J-ROMAN
JIS Roman
D-NORW/DAN
DEC Norwegian/Danish
I-SPANISH
ISO Spanish
D-SWEDISH
DEC Swedish
NORW/DAN
Norwegian/Danish
D-DUTCH
DEC Dutch
D-SWISS
DEC Swiss
D-PORTGU
DEC Portuguese
LEGAL
Legal
D-SUPPL
DEC Supplemental
D-GRAPHICS
DEC Special Graphics
D-TECH
DEC Technical
D-7 HEBREW
DEC 7-bit Hebrew
D-HEBREW-S
DEC Hebrew Supplement
D-GREEK-S
DEC Greek Supplement
D-7 TURKI
DEC 7-bit Turkish
D-TURKI-S
DEC Turkish Supplement
J-KATAKANA
JIS Katakana
Using Set-Up Mode
Macro1/Macro 2
Values
Description
Select a character set (language) for the
DEC User Preference supplement.
<USER PREF>
(User Preference)
D-SUPPL
DEC Supplemental
D-GRAPHICS
DEC Special Graphics
D-TECH
DEC Technical
D-7 HEBREW
DEC 7-bit Hebrew
D-HEBREW-S
DEC Hebrew Supplement
D-GREEK-S
DEC Greek Supplement
D-7 TURKI
DEC 7-bit Turkish
D-TURKI-S
DEC Turkish Supplement
J-KATAKANA
JIS Katakana
I-LATIN 1
ISO Latin 1
I-LATIN 2
ISO Latin 2
I-LATIN 5
ISO Latin 5
I-LATIN 9
ISO Latin 9
I-LATIN HB
ISO Latin Hebrew
I-LATIN GK
ISO Latin Greek
I-CYRILLIC
ISO Cyrillic
<IBM&EPSON>
The following are the Set-Up options common to IBM Proprinter X24E and XL24E
protocol and Epson ESC/P2 protocol.
<DEFLT SET>
(Default Character CP 210
Set)
CP 220
Select a basic code page.
CodePage 210
CodePage 220
CP437
CodePage 437
CP 850
CodePage 850
CP 851
CodePage 851
CP 852
CodePage 852
CP 857
CodePage 857
CP 858
CodePage 858
CP 860
CodePage 860
CP 862
CodePage 862
CP 863
CodePage 863
CP 865
CodePage 865
5-23
Using Set-Up Mode
Macro1/Macro 2
Values
Description
CP 866
CodePage 866
CP DHN
CodePage DHN
TURKEY
Turkish
ECMA 94
ECMA 94
ISO LATIN1
ISO Latin 1
ISO LATIN2
ISO Latin 2
ISO LATIN9
ISO Latin 9
HUNGARY
Hungarian
SLOVENY
Slovenian
POLAND
Polish
MAZOWIA
Mazowian
KAMENIC
Kamenicky
CYRILLIC
Cyrillic
ELOT927
ELOT 927
ELOT928
ELOT 928
LTN POLISH
Latin Polish
LITHUANY 1
Lithuanian 1
LITHUANY 2
Lithuanian 2
MIK
MIK
MACEDONIAN
Macedonian
<IBM DEFLTS>
(IBM Defaults)
The following are the Set-Up options for
the IBM Proprinter X24E or XL24E protocol only.
<I-SET 1/2>
(IBM Set 1/2)
Specify a character set of the IBM Proprinter X24E or XL24E.
IBM SET 1
IBM character set 1
IBM SET 2
IBM character set 2
<I-DBL HIGT>
(IBM Double
Height)
5-24
Specify whether the character height is
doubled. If specified, change the vertical
pitch also.
NO
The base of line spacing is 1/72 inch or
1/216 inch.
YES
The base of line spacing is 1/60 inch or
1/180 inch.
Using Set-Up Mode
Macro1/Macro 2
Values
Description
<EPSON DFLT>
(Epson Defaults)
The following are the Set-Up options for
the Epson ESC/P2 protocol only.
<E-CHR SET>
(Epson Character- USA
Set)
FRANCE
Select a national character set.
American English
French
GERMANY
German
UK
British English
DENMARK1
Danish 1
SWEDEN
Swedish
ITALY
Italian
SPAIN 1
Spanish 1
JAPAN
Japanese
NORWAY
Norwegian
DENMARK2
Danish 2
SPAIN 2
Spanish 2
LATIN AM
Latin American
KOREA
Korea
LEGAL
Legal
Changing Install Options
The INSTALL function defines the printer’s installation conditions. You can select
a language from five that are used to print menu functions and options during the SetUp operation . You can adjust the start timing of auto loading or auto tear-off feeding.
You can also change the operation of the error beep or allocation of the input buffer.
If you are using the RS232 serial interface, you must set the serial interface options
properly for the printer to function correctly with your system hardware.
The following table describes the INSTALL options and values. Options are listed in
the order in which they are printed. The procedure for changing the INSTALL options is detailed in the early sections of this chapter.
5-25
Using Set-Up Mode
Install Options and Values
Overprinted values are the factory settings.
Install Options
Values
Specify a language to be used to print the SetUp menu functions and options.
<LANGUAGE>
ENGLISH
English
DEUTSCH
German
ESPANOL
Spanish
FRANCAIS
French
ITALIANO
Italian
Specify the (auto) start timing of tear off
feeding.
<TEAR>
<S-SHEET LD>
(Single SheetLoad)
5-26
Description
AUTO 1 SEC
1 second after data stops from the computer
AUTO 2 SEC
2 second after data stops from the computer
AUTO 3 SEC
3 second after data stops from the computer
AUTO 4 SEC
4 second after data stops from the computer
AUTO 5 SEC
5 second after data stops from the computer
MANUAL
Feed the paper for tear-off when the Pause
button is pressed.
NO TEAR
Tear off feeding is inhibited under any conditions. Specify this setting for labels that tend to
peel off during backward feeding.
Specify the (auto) start timing of single sheet
loading.
AUTO 1 SEC
1 second after a single sheet is set on the
platen
AUTO 2 SEC
2 second after a single sheet is set on the
platen
AUTO 3 SEC
3 second after a single sheet is set on the
platen
AUTO 4 SEC
4 second after a single sheet is set on the
platen
AUTO 5 SEC
5 second after a single sheet is set on the
platen
MANUAL
Load a single sheet when the FF/Load button
is pressed.
Using Set-Up Mode
Install Options
Values
Description
Enable or disable the printer status buzzer
when a fault condition occurs.
<ERROR BEEP>
ONE
One beep for a period of about 500 ms
CONTINUOUS Buzzer on until the fault condition is cleared
OFF
Buzzer off under any condition
Assign buffer memory as the input buffer.
<BUFFER>
2 KBYTE
2 Kbytes
8 KBYTE
8 Kbytes
16 KBYTE
16 Kbytes
32 KBYTE
32 Kbytes
64 KBYTE
64 Kbytes
NOTE: The larger the input buffer selected,
the smaller the download buffer becomes.
Even with 64K bytes of input buffer, a minimal
download buffer is provided. If you need a
larger capacity for downloading fonts, reduce
the input buffer.
<I/F TYPE>
(Interface Type)
Select the type of interface to the computer.
PARALLEL
Centronics parallel interface
SERIAL
RS232 serial interface
USB
USB interface
AUTO
All interfaces are ready for communication.
The printer communicates with the interface
from which it first receives data. The interface
is active until the input buffer becomes empty.
NOTE: The interface which is not installed
(serial or USB) is shaded out in the menu
printout.
5-27
Using Set-Up Mode
Install Options
Values
Specify the timing of regarding the selected
protocol or interface as being inactive when
AUTO is specified in the <PROTOCOL> or <I/
F TYPE> option.
<AUTO SW>
(Auto Switch)
2 SEC
2 seconds elapsed after data stops from the
computer
4 SEC
4 seconds elapsed after data stops from the
computer
6 SEC
6 seconds elapsed after data stops from the
computer
8 SEC
8 seconds elapsed after data stops from the
computer
10 SEC
10 seconds elapsed after data stops from the
computer
12 SEC
12 seconds elapsed after data stops from the
computer
14 SEC
14 seconds elapsed after data stops from the
computer
16 SEC
16 seconds elapsed after data stops from the
computer
18 SEC
18 seconds elapsed after data stops from the
computer
20 SEC
20 seconds elapsed after data stops from the
computer
Setting of data transmission speed for the
serial interface. The baud rate is in bps (bits
per second). Select the same baud rate as
that used by your computer or modem.
<BAUD RATE>
600
BPS
1200 BPS
2400 BPS
4800 BPS
9600 BPS
19200 BPS
5-28
Description
Using Set-Up Mode
Install Options
Values
Description
Setting of data format for the serial interface
<BIT&PARITY>
Number of data bits
Parity bit
7 EVEN
7
Even
7 ODD
7
Odd
7 SPACE
7
Space *
7 MARK
7
Mark *
8 EVEN
8
Even
8 ODD
8
Odd
8 NONE
8
None
* The mark is logical 1. The space is logical 0.
Setting of data transmission buffer control for
the serial interface.
<BUFFER CTL>
(Buffer Control)
<DISC FAULT>
(Disconnect on
Fault)
DTR
The Data Terminal Ready signal is used.
XON/XOF
The DC1 and DC3 codes are used.
Specify the disconnect control of the interface
when a fault condition occurs.
NO
DTR is kept as it was.
DROP DTR
DTR is turned low and fixed.
PULSE DTR
DTR is turned low for five seconds and
returned to the original state.
Specifies the detection of the right and left
edge. In case of YES print data on the left and
the right of the edges will be cut.
<AREA CTL>
(Area control)
YES
Detect the right and left edge.
NO
Does not detect the right and left edge.
<GATHER CTL>
(Gather control)
YES
Control gathering
NO
Does not control gathering.
<TEROFF CTL>
(Tear off control)
PRCISIN
Backward with precision.
SPEED
Backward fast.
<SKIP CTL>
(Skip control
YES
Do skip.
NO
Do not skip.
5-29
Using Set-Up Mode
Adjusting Top-of-Form Origin
Print positions often change gradually when you use the printer over long periods of
time. The ADJUST function allows you to adjust these positions by fine-tuning the
Top-of-Form origin.
The following table describes the ADJUST options and values. Options are listed in
the order they are printed.
Adjust Options and Values
Overprinted values are the factory settings.
Adjust Options
Values
<FNFOLD ADJ>
(Fanfold Adjustment)
Adjust the Top-of-Form origin for continuous
forms in increments of 1/60 inch (0.42 mm)
from the physical top of the page.
##/60 IN
<MNUAL ADJ>
(Manual Adjustment)
-10 to 10 (0)
Number of 1/60 inches
Adjust the Top-of-Form origin for single sheets
in increments of 1/60 inch (0.42 mm) from the
physical top of the page.
##/60 IN
-10 to 10 (0)
Number of 1/60 inches
<RESVD 1>
Reserved
<RESVD 2>
Reserved
<MNUAL ADJ2>
-21/360
-14/360
-7/360
0/360
7/360
14/360
21/360
GRAPHIC
5-30
Description
Accumlative LF adjustment for Cut Sheet
Using Set-Up Mode
Adjust Options
Values
Description
<FNFLD ADJ2>
-28/360
Accumlative LF adjustment for Continuous
Form
-21/360
-14/360
-7/360
0/360
7/360
14/360
21/360
28/360
GRAPHIC
<FNFLD ADJ3>
-21/360
-14/360
Accumlative LF adjustment for Continuous
Form (Last page)
-7/360
0/360
7/360
14/360
21/360
GRAPHIC
<RESVD3>
Reserved
Changing Menu Access Options
You can restrict the access to the Set-Up functions to avoid accidentally changing the
Set-Up options.
5-31
Using Set-Up Mode
Menu Access Option and Values
Overprinted values are the factory settings.
Menu Access Options Values
Description
<MENU-ACCES>
Specify the type of access to the Set-Up
functions from the control panel or from
the <FUNCTIONS> menu.
ALL FUNC
All functions are accessible.
MACRO ONLY Only MACRO 1 and MACRO 2 functions
are accessible from the <FUNCTIONS>
menu.
NO ACCESS
Set-Up mode is inaccessible.
NO PANEL
Font, Macro, and Protocol buttons are
disabled even in Normal mode. Set-Up
mode is also inaccessible.
NOTE: You can return to the All Functions Accessible mode by turning the
printer on while pressing the Pause,
Park and LF buttons at the same
time.The printer enters the Set-Up mode
with this operation.
5-32
Using Set-Up Mode
Save Settings and Exit Set-up mode
This section describes how to exit the Set-Up mode while saving any changes you
have made.
To exit the Set-Up mode with the settings saved, first select the SAVE&EXIT function and then press the
button or the
button.
Any settings changed while in the Set-Up mode are saved as the new power-on defaults for the printer. The new defaults remain active until you change them again.
CAUTION: To temporarily use your changes, press the Set-Up/Quit button. These
changes are lost at the next power-off.
Recall Factory Settings
Factory settings are those settings preselected at the factory. To recall (reset) the factory Recalling Factory Settings
Factory settings are those settings preselected at the factory. To recall (reset) the factory settings, select the RCALL-FACT function and press the
button or the
button.
Options under the MACRO, INSTALL, and ADJUST functions are all initialized to
the factory settings.
5-33
Using Set-Up Mode
Using the Diagnostic Functions
The TESTS function allows you to diagnose the printer with the following two functions:
PRINT-T (printing test)
HEX-DUMP (hex dump)
These functions are used for checking print quality and diagnosing printer problems.
Hex dump also provides useful information for programmers. There are other options
in the TESTS function, but they are restricted to the use of service personnel.
Printing Test
The printing test function prints test pages independently of your computer to check
printing operations and quality. It does not check the interface between the computer
and the printer.
The printing test prints all of the characters available in the ASCII character set. For
color printers with a color ribbon, printing occurs in four colors.
To start the printing test, make sure that continuous forms paper is loaded into the
printer. Enter the Set-Up mode, and follow these steps:
1. Start the printing test (select the PRINT-T option).
Check that the red cursor is located under PRINT-T, and then press the
button
or the
button. The printer selects (underlines) PRINT-T and starts printing. A
short help menu is printed at the top of the page. Note that the printer is not ready
for the computer during this printing test.
2. Exit the printing test.
Exit the printing test in either of the following ways after printing a dozen lines:
To exit the printing test and return to the <TESTS> menu, press the
the
button.
button or
To exit the printing test and return to the <FUNCTIONS> menu, press the Exit/
Save button.
To exit the printing test and return to the Normal mode (Ready), press the SetUp/Quit button. The printer temporarily saves any changes made while in the
Set-Up mode and then returns to the Ready state.
3. Examine the test page.
5-34
Using Set-Up Mode
Hex Dump Mode
The Hex Dump mode prints data and commands in hexadecimal characters and abbreviated control codes. The ASCII characters are used for printing. No characters
are printed for hexadecimal codes 7F to FF. The Hex Dump mode is useful for checking whether your computer is sending the correct commands to the printer and
whether the printer is executing the commands correctly. It is also useful for debugging software programs.
To start the Hex Dump mode, make sure that continuous forms paper is loaded into
the printer. Enter the Set-Up mode and follow these steps:
1. Start the Hex Dump mode (select the HEX-DUMP option).
button to position the red cursor under HEX-DUMP,
Repeatedly press the
and then press the
button or the
button. The printer selects (underlines)
HEX-DUMP, enters the Ready state and prints a header at the top of the page.
NOTE: You cannot switch back to Set-Up mode from Hex Dump mode. Do not
change any value before entering Hex Dump mode because your changes
will be lost.
2. Print the hex dump.
To start hex dump printing, send your file or program to the printer. The printer
goes online and prints the hex dump. Press the Pause button to pause and resume
printing in Hex Dump mode. To resume hex dump printing, press the Pause button again.
To print another hex dump, send another file to the printer.
3. Exit the Hex Dump mode.
Turn the printer off to exit the Hex Dump mode.
CAUTION: If you change any settings in the Set-Up mode before starting the Hex
Dump mode, these changes will be lost.
5-35
Using Set-Up Mode
Sample Hex Dump
5-36
Using Set-Up Mode
Set-Up Mode Quick Reference
The following flowchart shows how the Set-Up mode is organized.
NOTE: Asterisks (*) indicate factory settings.
SETUP MODE
q
MACRO1
MACRO2
PROTOCOL: DEC PPL2
IBM PPX24
EPSON ESCP
AUTO
PORT DEPND*
FORM LENGH: 3
INCHES
3.5 INCHES
4 INCHES
5.5 INCHES
6 INCHES
7 INCHES
8 INCHES
8.5 INCHES
11 INCHES*
11 2/3INCH
12 INCHES
14 INCHES
15 INCHES
1
LINES
•
•
•
256 LINES
DEC PRT ID: PPL2*
LA50 ID
LA120 ID
LA210 ID
DEC DEFLTS
PRTCL SERL: DEC PPL2*
IBM PPX24
EPSON ESCP
PRTCL PARL: DEC PPL2
IBM PPX24*
EPSON ESCP**
Valid when PORT DEPND is
selected for PROTOCOL.
Valid when PORT DEPND is
selected for PROTOCOL.
** Default for Macro 2
LEFT MARGN: 1
2
3
4
COL*
COL
COL
COL
•
•
•
255 COL
256 COL
FORM WIDTH: 8
IN
13.2 IN
13.6 IN*
Appears in LA30W only.
FONT: DRAFT*
HSDRAFT
HI-IMPACT
PICA
COURIER
PRESTIGE
COMPRESSED
BOLDFACE
TIMELESS
NIMBUS-SAN
OCR A
OCR B
TOP OF FRM: 0 /60 IN*
1 /60 IN
2 /60 IN
•
•
•
99/60 IN
LINE MODE: LF=LFCR=CR*
LF=LF+CR
CR=LF+CR
LFCR=LF+CR
AUTO WRAP: TRUNCATE
WRAP*
DEC DEFLTS
EOT DISCON: NO DISCON*
DISCONNECT
DEC DEFLTS
INIT REPRT:NO*
YES
DEC DEFLTS
HORZ PITCH: 10 CPI*
12 CPI
13.2 CPI
15 CPI
16.5 CPI
17 CPI
18 CPI
20 CPI
TOP MRGN: 1
2
3
LINES*
LINES
LINES
•
•
•
256 LINES
PAPER SRC: TRACTOR*
MANUAL
RESVD 1
RESVD 2
VERT PITCH: 2 LPI
3 LPI
4 LPI
6 LPI*
8 LPI
12 LPI
1 LPCM
2 LPCM
4 LPCM
BOTTOM MRG: 1
2
3
LINES*
LINES
LINES
•
•
•
256 LINES
PRINT DIR: UNIDIR
BIDIR
SOFT CNTRL*
AUTO ANSBK: NO*
YES
ANSWER ENQ:NO*
YES
DEC DEFLTS
DEC DEFLTS
w
5-37
Using Set-Up Mode
SETUP MODE
FUNCTIONS
or
OPTIONS&VALUES
Move the cursor on the print head.
or
Select function.
or
Move the cursor on the print head.
Select value, print next option.
Exit/Save
Select value, print previous option
q
PRINT
INSTALL
ADJUST
TESTS
RCALL-FACT
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH*
DEUTSCH
ESPANOL
FRANCAIS
ITALIANO
MNUAL ADJ: -10 /60 IN
:
0 /60 IN*
:
10 /60 IN
TEAR: AUTO 1 SEC*
AUTO 2 SEC
AUTO 3 SEC
AUTO 4 SEC
AUTO 5 SEC
MANUAL
NO TEAR
S-SHEET LD: AUTO 1 SEC
AUTO 2 SEC*
AUTO 3 SEC
AUTO 4 SEC
AUTO 5 SEC
MANUAL
?
DEC G0 CST: US ASCII*
BRITISH
D-FINNISH
FRENCH
D-FRENCH-C
GERMAN
I-ITALIAN
J-ROMAN
D-NORW/DAN
I-SPANISH
D-SWEDISH
NORW/DAN
D-DUTCH
D-SWISS
D-PORTGU
LEGAL
D-SUPPL
D-GRAPHICS
D-TECH
D-7 HEBREW
D-HEBREW-S
D-GREEK-S
D-7 TURKI
D-TURKI-S
J-KATAKANA
DEC DEFLTS
I-SET 1/2: IBM SET 1 *
IBM SET 2
IBM DEFLTS
BAUD RATE: 600 BPS
1200 BPS
2400 BPS
4800 BPS
9600 BPS*
19200 BPS
USER PREF: D-SUPPL*
D-GRAPHICS
D-TECH
D-7 HEBREW
D-HEBREW-S
D-GREEK-S
D-7 TURKI
D-TURKI-S
J-KATAKANA
I-LATIN 1
I-LATIN 2
I-LATIN 5
I-LATIN 9
I-LATIN HB
I-LATIN GK
I-CYRILLIC
DEC DEFLTS
I-DBL HIGT: NO *
YES
IBM DEFLTS
IBM AGM: NO *
YES
IBM DEFLTS
BIT&PARITY: 7 EVEN
7 ODD
7 SPACE
7 MARK
8 EVEN
8 ODD
8 NONE*
DEFLT SET: CP 210
CP 220
CP 437 *
CP 850
CP 851
CP 852
CP 857
CP 858
CP 860
CP 862
CP 863
CP 865
CP 866
ERROR BEEP: ONE*
CONTINUOUS
OFF
BUFFER CTL: DTR
XON/XOFF*
CP DHN
TURKEY
ECMA 94
ISO LATIN1
ISO LATIN2
HUNGARY
SLOVENY
ISO LATIN9
POLAND
MAZOWIA
KAMENIC
CYRILLIC
ELOT927
IBM&EPSON
E-CHR SET: USA *
FRANCE
GERMANY
UK
DENMARK 1
SWEDEN
ITALY
SPAIN 1
EPSON DFLT
5-38
RSVD 2
BUFFER: 2 KBYTE
8 KBYTE
16 KBYTE
32 KBYTE
64 KBYTE*
?
w
AUTO SW: 2 SEC*
4 SEC
6 SEC
:
:
18 SEC
20 SEC
RSVD 1
?
I/F TYPE: PARALLEL
SERIAL
AUTO*
SAVE&EXIT
ALL FUNC*
MACRO ONLY
NO ACCESS
NO PANEL
PRINT-T
HEX-DUMP
SERIAL-T
PARALLEL-T
FNFOLD ADJ: -10 /60 IN
:
0 /60 IN*
:
10 /60 IN
MENU-ACCES
JAPAN
NORWAY
DENMARK 2
SPAIN 2
LATIN AM
KOREA
LEGAL
DISC FAULT: NO*
DROP DTR
PULSE DTR
ELOT928
LTN POLISH
LITHUANY 1
LITHUANY 2
MIK
MACEDONIAN
Maintenance
6
Maintenance
Your printer requires very little care. Occasional cleaning and replacement of the ribbon cartridge are all that is required.
Lubrication of the printer is not usually necessary. If the print head carriage does not
move smoothly back and forth, clean the printer in the manner described in this chapter. If the problem continues, contact your dealer to determine whether lubrication
may be necessary.
Cleaning
The front and back covers and the acoustic cover of the printer help protect it against
dust, dirt, and other contaminants. However, paper produces small particles that accumulate inside the printer. This section explains how to clean and vacuum the printer and how to clean the platen.
It is easier to clean the printer when the front cover, the cut sheet stand, and the back
cover are removed.
Cleaning and Vacuuming the Printer
If the print head carriage does not move smoothly back and forth or paper particles
have accumulated in the printer, clean the printer.
WARNING: To avoid any possibility of injury, before cleaning the printer, turn off
the power to both the printer and the computer, and unplug the
printer.
To clean and vacuum the printer:
1. Remove any paper from the printer. Make sure that the power is off, and then
disconnect the printer power cord.
2. Using a soft vacuum brush, vacuum the exterior of the printer. Be sure to vac-
uum the air vents at the right and left sides of the printer. Also vacuum the cut
sheet stand.
3. Use a soft, damp cloth to wipe the exterior of the printer, including the covers. A
mild detergent may be used.
6-1
Maintenance
WARNING: Do not use solvents, kerosene, or abrasive cleaning materials that may
damage the printer.
4. Open the front cover of the printer and remove the ribbon cartridge. Using a soft
vacuum brush, gently vacuum the platen, print head carriage, and surrounding
areas. You can easily slide the print head to the left or right when the power is
off. Be careful not to press too hard on the flat ribbon cable that extends from
the print head carriage.
Flat cable
Printer interior
5. Re-install the ribbon cartridge. Close the front cover.
6. Open the ejection cover. Vacuum the rollers, paper entry slot, and surrounding
areas.
7. Raise the cut sheet stand and the back cover. Vacuum the forms tractors and sur-
rounding areas.
Cleaning the Platen
Clean the platen about once a month to remove excess ink. Use the platen cleaner
recommended by your supplier and proceed as follows:
1. Apply a small amount of platen cleaner to a soft cloth. Avoid spilling platen
cleaner inside the printer.
CAUTION: Do not use alcohol to clean the platen. Alcohol may cause the rubber to
harden.
2. Place the cloth against the platen and manually rotate the platen knob.
3. To dry the platen, place a dry cloth against the platen and manually rotate the
platen knob.
6-2
Maintenance
Replacing the ribbon
To replace the ribbon cartridge:
1. Turn off the printer.
2. Open the front cover of the printer. For easy installation, slide the print head car-
riage to a position where it does not face a roller.
CAUTION: The print head may be hot if you have been printing recently.
3. Move the paper thickness lever to position D.
Paper thickness lever
Move to D.
Paper thickness lever
6-3
Maintenance
4. To remove the ribbon cartridge, press the ribbon release levers located on either
side of the cartridge and carefully lift the cartridge out of the printer.
Print head
Print guide
Removing the ribbon cartridge
5. Using the procedure below, release the roller from the LOCK position and turn
the ribbon feed knob clockwise to take up any ribbon slack. Push in the gray ribbon release tabs on the side of the ribbon cartridge to release them, and slide the
roller from the LOCK position to the FREE position.
Ribbon feed knob
Turn the knob clockwise
Roller
Release tabs
Preparing the ribbon cartridge
CAUTION: Do not turn the ribbon feed knob in counterclockwise direction.
6-4
Maintenance
6. Verify that the power to the printer is off. (Make sure that the circle mark on the
power switch is pressed.)
Printer must be off
7. Move the paper thickness lever to the D position.
8. Open the front cover.
9. Align the print head position with the dot mark (green) on the printer ejection
cover.
Dot mark (green)
Aligning the print head position
WARNING: Avoid touching the print head while using or immediately after using
the printer, as doing so may lead to burns. Wait until the print head
cools down before touching it.
6-5
Maintenance
10. Thread the ribbon between the print head and the print guide, then gently press
down on the ribbon cartridge against the printer until it clicks into place. (Make
sure that the ribbon feed knob is facing upward.)
Print guide
Print head
Ribbon cartridge
Ribbon
Print guide
Tip of print head
Installing the ribbon
11. Turn the ribbon feed knob clockwise to take up any ribbon slack.
12. Move the paper thickness lever back to its original position. For single sheet
printing, the correct position is 1. The section “Paper Thickness Lever Positions” in Chapter 3 gives other paper thickness lever settings.
13. Close the front cover of the printer.
6-6
Maintenance
Replacing the Print Head
The print head is easy to replace.
CAUTION: The print head may be hot if you have been printing recently.
To remove the print head:
1. Turn off the printer.
2. Open the front cover of the printer and remove the ribbon cartridge.
3. Pull the right end of the head lock wire forward to release it from the hook at the
right of the print head carriage. Then release the wire from the center hook.
4. Remove the print head from the connector on the carriage, as shown in the figure
below.
Head lock wire
Replacing the print head
To install the print head:
1. Carefully fit the mounting guide grooves of the print head on the locating studs
on the carriage.
2. Push the print head into the connector and hook the wire into place in the reverse
order of removal.
6-7
Trouble-Shooting
7
Trouble-Shooting
Your printer is extremely reliable, but occasional problems may occur. You can
solve many of these problems yourself, using this chapter. If you encounter problems that you cannot resolve, contact your dealer or service for assistance.
This chapter is organized as follows:
Solving problems
Diagnostic functions
Getting help
Solving Problems
The tables in this section describe common printer problems and their solutions. The
following types of problems are considered:
Print quality problems
Paper handling problems
Operating problems
Printer failures
Print Quality Problems
Poor print quality or other printing problems are often caused by incorrect printer setup or incorrect software settings. A gradual decrease in print quality usually indicates a worn ribbon. The following table identifies common print quality problems
and suggests solutions.
7-1
Trouble-Shooting
Problem
Solution
Printing is too light or too
dark.
Make sure that the ribbon cartridge is properly
installed and that the ribbon feeds smoothly.
Make sure that the ribbon cartridge properly
installed and that the ribbon feeds smoothly. Make
sure that the paper thickness lever is set for the
thickness of your paper. See “Paper Thickness
Lever Positions” in Chapter 3.
Check ribbon wear. Replace the ribbon if necessary.
Stains or smudges appear
on the page.
Make sure that the paper thickness lever is set for
the thickness of your paper. See “Paper Thickness
Lever Positions” in Chapter 3.
Check ribbon wear. Replace the ribbon if necessary.
Check whether the tip of the print head is dirty.
Clean the head with a soft cloth if necessary. For
removing the print head, see the section “Replacing
the Print Head” in Chapter 6.
The page is blank.
Make sure that the ribbon cartridge is properly
installed. See the section “Installing the Ribbon Cartridge” in Chapter 2.
Printing is erratic or the
wrong characters are
printed. Many “?” or unexpected characters are
printed.
Make sure that the interface cable is securely connected to both the printer and computer. See the
section “Connecting the printer to your computer” in
Chapter 2.
Make sure that the printer protocol selected in your
software is the same as the protocol selected on the
printer.
If you are using an serial interface, make sure that
the serial settings required by your software or computer are the same as the settings on the printer.
See the section “Changing Install Options” in Chapter 5.
If the PROTOCOL option is set to AUTO, the printer
may not detect the proper protocol. Force this option
according to your needs. See the section “Changing
Macro 1 and Macro 2 Options” in Chapter 5.
7-2
Trouble-Shooting
Problem
Solution
Printing is vertically misaligned (jagged).
Use the printer's vertical alignment function to check
the vertical print alignment. If necessary, adjust the
print alignment. See the section “Checking Vertical
Alignment” in this chapter.
The top margin is wrong.
The top margin is the sum of the printer’s top-of-form
setting, the software-specified top margin, and the
printer’s TOP-MRGN setting. Proceed as follows:
Make sure that the top-of-form setting is correct.
The factory default is 0 mm (0 inch). See the section “Adjusting Top-of-Form Origin” in Chapter 5.
Check the software-specified top margin. Refer to
your software documentation.
Check the printer’s TOP-MRGN setting. See the
section “Changing Macro 1 and Macro 2 Options”
in Chapter 5.
Lines are double spaced
instead of single spaced.
Check the line spacing setting in your software.
Change the LINE MODE setting in the printer SetUp mode to LF=LFCR=CR. See the section “Changing Macro 1 and Macro 2 Options” in Chapter 5.
The printer overprints on the Change the LINE MODE setting in the printer Setsame line.
Upmode to CR=LF+CR. See the section “Changing
Macro 1 and Macro 2 Options” in Chapter 5.
The next print line starts
where the previous line
ended instead of at the left
margin.
Change the LINE MODE setting in the printer SetUpmode to LF=LF+CR. See the section “Changing
Macro 1 and Macro 2 Options” in Chapter 5.
The printer overprints on the Change the LINE MODE setting in the printer Setsame line while the next
Upmode to LFCR=LF+CR. See the section “Changprint line starts where the
ing Macro 1 and Macro 2 Options” in Chapter 5.
previous line ended instead
of at the left margin.
7-3
Trouble-Shooting
Paper Handling Problems and Solutions
The following table describes common paper handling problems and suggests solutions. See Chapter 3, “Paper Handling” for detailed procedures on loading and using
paper.
Problem
Solution
Paper cannot be loaded or
fed.
Make sure that the paper select lever located on the
top left of the printer is set correctly. Move the lever
backward for continuous forms or forward for single
sheets.
Make sure that the paper covers the paper-out sensor, (i.e., the left paper edge is within 52 mm for single sheets or 41 mm for continuous forms from the
left edge of the platen.) This problem cannot occur if
you use the forms tractor unit or insert a single sheet
with its left edge in contact with the left paper guide.
Make sure that the tractor unit is correctly installed
and that the tractor shaft gear engages the platen
shaft gear. If you are using the tractor unit for rear
feeding, open the front cover and make sure that the
second stud from the left on the printer bottom frame
projects outward.
Paper jams while loading.
Turn off the printer and remove the jammed paper.
Remove any obstructions from the paper path.
Make sure that the paper thickness lever is set for
the thickness of your paper. See the section “Paper
Thickness Lever Positions” in Chapter 3.
Make sure that the left and right tractors are set so
that the continuous forms are stretched taut. See the
section “Using Continuous Forms” in Chapter 3.
Paper jams while printing.
Turn off the printer and remove the jammed paper.
Remove any obstructions from the paper path.
Make sure that the paper thickness lever is set for
the thickness of your paper. See the section “Paper
Thickness Lever Positions” in Chapter 3.
For continuous forms, make sure that the incoming
and outgoing paper stacks are correctly placed.
Paper should feed straight. See the section “Positioning the Paper Stack” in Chapter 3.
7-4
Trouble-Shooting
Problem
Solution
Paper slips off the forms
tractors or the perforated
holes of the paper tear during printing.
Make sure that the forms tractors are positioned correctly for the width of your paper and that the perforated holes of the paper fit directly over the tractor
sprockets. See the section “Using Continuous
Forms” in Chapter 3.
7-5
Trouble-Shooting
Operating Problems and Solutions
The following table identifies common operating problems and suggests solutions. If
you cannot resolve a problem, contact your dealer or service
Problem
Solution
The power does not turn on. Make sure that the “I” on the printer power switch is
depressed.
Make sure that the power cord is securely connected to both the printer and the outlet. Make sure
that the power outlet is functional.
Turn the power off. Wait a minute and then turn the
printer on again. If the printer still has no power, contact your dealer or service.
The printer is on but it will
not print.
Make sure that the Ready indicator is lit. See the
section “Operations of the control panel” in
Chapter 2.
Make sure that the interface cable is securely connected to both the printer and the computer. See the
section “Connecting the printer to your computer” in
Chapter 2.
If the Fault indicator is lit, load the paper. See the
Chapter 3, “Paper Handling”.
Run the printer printing test. If the printing test executes normally, the problem is being caused by the
interface, the computer, incorrect printer settings, or
incorrect software settings. See the section “Printing
Test” in Chapter 5.
Make sure that the printer protocol selected in your
software is the same as the protocol selected on the
printer. See the section “Connecting the printer to
your computer” in Chapter 2.
If you are using an serial interface, make sure that
the serial settings required by your software or computer are the same as the settings on the printer.
See the section “Changing Install Options” in
Chapter 5.
7-6
Trouble-Shooting
Printer Failures
A user cannot generally resolve a problem involving defective printer hardware. On
detecting a fatal error, the printer will:
Stop printing
Beep four times if it is not disabled by the Set-Up mode
Turn the Online indicator off
Blink the Paper Out indicator (with a fault indicator lit indicating the error type).
The following errors cause the printer to turn off the power:
Print head error
Print head carriage motor
Line feed motor error
+34 V overvoltage error
No error condition is displayed if any of these errors occurs.
Turn the printer off and back on, then rerun the same job to check if the error was
transient. If the error recurs, contact your dealer or service.
7-7
Trouble-Shooting
Diagnostic Functions
The printer diagnostic functions are print-test and hex-dump.
Print-test tells you whether the printer hardware is functioning correctly. It prints
the print-test pattern. If the printer hardware is functional, any problems you are
having are probably caused by incorrect printer settings, incorrect software settings, the interface, or the computer.
Hex-dump allows you to determine whether the computer is sending the correct
commands to the printer, and whether the printer is executing the commands correctly. This function is useful to programmers or others who understand how to
interpret hex dumps.
For details on using these functions, all of which are available in the printer Set-Up
mode, see the section “Using the Diagnostic Functions” in Chapter 5.
Besides the above functions, the serial interface loopback test and the parallel interface loopback test are provided in the printer Set-Up mode. These tests are for service
engineers.
Checking Vertical Alignment
In bidirectional printing, characters printed from left to right tend to misalign with
characters printed from right to left as shown below:
This example shows how printing looks
when characters are vertically
misaligned. Note that the left
margin is not straight.
The vertical alignment function corrects the vertical character displacement that
sometimes occurs with bidirectional printing and results in a poor appearance especially in printing tables. This function is defined as one of the power-on initiated test
functions. If you notice misaligned printing, start this function to check and correct
the vertical print alignment.
Make sure that continuous forms paper or single sheet paper is loaded in the printer.
If possible, use forms at least 216 mm (8.5 inches) wide for LA48N or 356 mm (14
inches) wide for LA48W to avoid printing on the platen. Then proceed as follows:
1. Start the vertical alignment test.
Turn the printer on while pressing the Protocol button until the printer beeps.
The printer prints the help menu and then starts printing rows of parallel bars at
Letter quality speed.
7-8
Trouble-Shooting
NOTE: Do not press any buttons alone or in combination except for pressing the
Protocol or the Set-Up/Quit button alone when turning the printer on, to
avoid initiating unexpected tests not permitted for the user.
2. Adjust the vertical print alignment at Letter quality speed.
Examine the parallel bars. If the bars are aligned (not jagged), go to step 3. If the
bars are offset, repeatedly press the
button or the  button until the bars are
aligned.
3. Adjust the vertical print alignment at Correspondence and Draft quality
speed.
button and the  button to switch Letter quality to Correspondence
Press the
and Draft quality.
Examine the parallel bars and adjust the vertical print alignment as described in
step 2.
Vertical Alignment Adjustment
Buttons
<
<
<
<
< Exit / Save
>
>
>
>
>
Action
Shift backward print position to Right
Shift backward print position to Left
Change to next print quality
Change to previous print quality
Save and exit to Normal mode
Vertical Alignment
7-9
Trouble-Shooting
4. Exit the vertical alignment function.
Press the Exit/Save button to save the new vertical alignment settings and exit
the vertical alignment function.
NOTE: To exit the vertical alignment function without saving changes, turn the print-
er off.
7-10
Supplies
A
Supplies
This appendix lists the accessories and options available for the printer. Contact your
dealer for information on ordering any of these items.
Supplies
Supplies
Order Number
Black ribbon cartridge
043837
Print head
Contact your dealer
A-1
Printer and Paper Specifications
B
Printer and Paper Specifications
This appendix provides the physical, functional, and performance specifications for
the printer. It also contains detailed paper specifications.
Physical Specifications
LA48N
LA48W
Dimensions
Height
Width
Depth
120 mm (4.72 inch)
415 mm (16.3 inch)
330 mm (13.0 inch)
120 mm (4.72 inch)
570 mm (22.5 inch)
330 mm (13.0 inch)
Weight approximately
7.3 kg (16 lb)
9.7 kg (21.4 lb)
AC power requirements
Low Voltage
High Voltage
100 to 120 VAC ±10%; 50/60 Hz
220 to 240 VAC –10%, +6%; 50/60 Hz
Power consumption
Operating
Standby
90 W
10 W
Heat generation
251.2 KJ/H (average)
Interface
Centronics parallel and RS-232C serial
Centronics parallel and USB
Optional LAN Ethernet pocket interface
Data buffer size
2 Kbytes, 8 Kbytes, 16 Kbytes, 32 Kbytes, 64 Kbytes
Download buffer
Maximum 64 Kbytes (64 minus data buffer size)
Operating environment
5 to 38°C (41 to 100°F)
30% to 80% RH (no condensation)
Wetbulb temperature, less than 29°C (84°F)
Storage environment
–15 to 60°C (–4 to 140°F)
10% to 95% RH (no condensation)
Acoustic noise
Average 49 dBA when printing in letter quality
ISO 7779 (Bystander Position Front)
90 W
28 W
B-1
Printer and Paper Specifications
Functional Specifications
LA48N
Print method
Impact dot matrix with a 0.2 mm, 24-wire head
Character cell
Letter (10 cpi)
Letter (12 cpi)
High-impact draft
Correspondence
Draft
High-speed draft
Horizontal x vertical
36 x 24 dots
30 x 24 dots
24 x 24 dots
18 x 24 dots
12 x 24 dots
09 x 24 dots
Paper handling
Cut sheets
Continuous forms
Friction or tractors
Friction-feed platen
Push tractors, rear feed
Paper type
1-to 5-part side-glued or paper-stapled
fanfolded continuous forms or label sheets with
sprocket holes
1-to 5-part top-glued cut sheets andenvelopes
Paper size
Cut sheets Width
Length
Continuous Width
Length
B-2
LA48W
102 to 266.7 mm
(4 to 10.5 inch)
76 to 364 mm
(3 to 14.3 inch)
102 to 266.7 mm
(4 to 10.5 inch)
102 mm (4 inch) or greater
102 to 420 mm
(4 to 16.5 inch)
76 to 420 mm
(3 to 16.5 inch)
102 to 420 mm
(4 to 16.5 inch)
102 mm (4 inch) or greater
Paper thickness
Up to 0.35 mm (0.014 inch)
Number of copies
Up to 5, including the original
Command sets
(emulations)
DEC PPL2
IBM X24E (LA48N)
IBM XL24E (LA48W)
EPSON ESC P2
Fonts
12 resident fonts available: Draft, High speed Draft,
High impact, Courier 10, Pica 10, Prestige 12, Compression, Boldface PS, Timeless Normal PS, Nimbus
Sans Normal PS, OCR-A, OCR-B
Line spacing
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 or 12 lines per inch.
Programmable in 1/360 inch or various increments for
image graphics (ESC/P2)
Printer and Paper Specifications
LA48N
Character pitch
Characters per line
10 cpi
12 cpi
15 cpi
17 cpi
18 cpi
20 cpi
LA48W
2.5, 3, 5, 6, 10, 12, 13.2, 15, 16.5, 17, 18 or 20 cpi
or proportional spacing.
Programmable in 1/360 inch or variousincrements for
image graphics.
80 cpl
96 cpl
120 cpl
136.8 cpl
144 cpl
160 cpl
136 cpl
163 cpl
204 cpl
231 cpl
244 cpl
272 cpl
B-3
Printer and Paper Specifications
Performance Specifications
Print speed
Letter
Draft
High-speed draft
10 cpi
113 cps
360 cps
400 cps (80-column printer)
448 cps (136-colmun
printer)
Line feed speed
80 ms per line at 6 lines per inch
Form feed speed
5.6 inches per second
Ribbon life
Up to 5.0 million characters
12 cpi
135 cps
432 cps
480 cps (80-column printer)
537 cps (136-colmun
printer)
Certification
B-4
Item
100 V Model
200 V Model
Safety standard
CSA-C22.2 No.60950-1-02 EN 60 950 (TÜV)
UL60950-1-1st Edition
EMC
FCC PART 15B class B
EN 55022 class B
EN 55024
Printer and Paper Specifications
Paper Specifications
Print Area
This section illustrates the recommended print area for single sheets and continuous
forms.
102-266.7 mm (4-10.5 in)
for 80-column printer
102-420 mm (4-16.5 in)
for 136-column printer
May be decreased
to 4.23 mm
(1/6 inch).
However, line
spacing may be
uneven.
25.4 mm (1 inch)
H
H
76-364 mm (3-14.3 in)
for 80-column printer
76-420 mm (3-16.5 in)
for 136-column printer
May be decreased to
4.23 mm
(1/6 inch).
However, line spacing
may be uneven.
Print area
H
H
25.4 mm (1 inch)
5.08–32 mm (0.2–1.26 in)
for 80-column printer
5.08-38 mm (0.2-1.5 in)
for 136-colimn printer
5.08 mm or more
(0.2 inch or more)
Print area may be off
the paper, depending
on paper setting or
width.
Print area for single sheets
B-5
Printer and Paper Specifications
102-266.7 mm (4-10.5 in)
for 80-column printer
102-420 mm (4-16.5 in)
for 136-column printer
25.4 mm (1 inch)
102 mm
(4 inches)
or more
Print area
May be decreased
to 4.23 mm
(1/6 inch).
However, line
spacing may be
uneven.
25.4 mm (1 inch)
Perforation
25.4 mm (1 inch)
Approx. 8.5 mm (0.33 inches):
Resume printing is allowable
to single-part paper only and
selectable by setup mode.
Print area
Print head position when
paper end is detected,
selectable by setup mode.
Printing
resumable
Approx. 80 mm (3.2 inches)
for push-tractor feed
Approx. 35 mm (1.4 inches)
for pull-tractor feed
Paper end
5.08-25.4 mm (0.2-1 in)
for 80-column printer
5.08-32 mm (0.2-1.3 in)
for 136-column printer
5.08 mm or more
(0.2 inch or more)
Print area for continuous forms
B-6
Print area may be off the
paper, depending on paper
setting or width.
Printer and Paper Specifications
Paper Thickness
Paper thickness is given by the weight of the paper in either grams per square meter
(g/m2) or in pounds per bond (lbs/bond). The following table shows the allowable
paper thickness for one-part paper or for each sheet of multipart paper. The total
thickness must not exceed 0.35 mm (0.014 inch).
The weight of carbonless or carbon-backed paper may vary, depending upon the paper manufacturer. When using paper of borderline thickness, test the paper before
running a job.
Type of Paper
Number of Parts
Thickness
One-part
Single
52–81 g/m2 (45–70 kg or 14–22 lb)
Top
40–64 g/m2 (34–55 kg or 11–17 lb)
Bottom
40–81 g/m2 (34–70 kg or 11–22 lb)
Top
40–64 g/m2 (34–55 kg or 11–17 lb)
Middle
40–64 g/m2 (34–55 kg or 11–17 lb)
Bottom
40–81 g/m2 (34–70 kg or 11–22 lb)
Top
40–64 g/m2 (34–55 kg or 11–17 lb)
Middle
40–64 g/m2 (34–55 kg or 11–17 lb)
Middle
40–64 g/m2 (34–55 kg or 11–17 lb)
Bottom
40–81 g/m2 (34–70 kg or 11–22 lb)
Top
40–52 g/m2 (34–45 kg or 11–17 lb)
Middle
40–52 g/m2 (34–45 kg or 11–17 lb)
Middle
40–52 g/m2 (34–45 kg or 11–17 lb)
Middle
40–52 g/m2 (34–45 kg or 11–17 lb)
Bottom
40–64 g/m2 (34–55 kg or 11–17 lb)
Carbonless
2P
3P
4P
5P
kg: Weight in kilograms of 1000 sheets of 788 x 1091 mm paper (1.16 g/m2)
lb: Weight in pounds of 500 sheets of 17 x 22 inch paper (3.76 g/m2)
B-7
Printer and Paper Specifications
Type of Paper
Number of Parts
Carbon-backed
Do not use in high humidity environments.
2P
3P
4P
5P
Thickness
Top
40–64 g/m2 (34–55 kg or 11–17 lb)
Bottom
40–81 g/m2 (34–70 kg or 11–22 lb)
Top
40–64 g/m2 (34–55 kg or 11–17 lb)
Middle
40–64 g/m2 (34–55 kg or 11–17 lb)
Bottom
40–81 g/m2 (34–70 kg or 11–22 lb)
Top
40–64 g/m2 (34–55 kg or 11–17 lb)
Middle
40–64 g/m2 (34–55 kg or 11–17 lb)
Middle
40–64 g/m2 (34–55 kg or 11–17 lb)
Bottom
40–81 g/m2 (34–70 kg or 11–22 lb)
Top
40–52 g/m2 (34–45 kg or 11–14 lb)
Middle
40–52 g/m2 (34–45 kg or 11–14 lb)
Middle
40–52 g/m2 (34–45 kg or 11–14 lb)
Middle
40–52 g/m2 (34–45 kg or 11–14 lb)
Bottom
40–64 g/m2 (34–55 kg or 11–17 lb)
Carbon-interleaved Avoid using carbon-interleaved single sheets.
2P
3P
Top
35–64 g/m2 (30–55 kg or 9–17 lb)
Carbon
Counted as one sheet
Bottom
35–81 g/m2 (30–70 kg or 9–22 lb)
Top
35–52 g/m2 (30–45 kg or 9–14 lb)
Carbon
Counted as one sheet
Middle
35–52 g/m2 (30–45 kg or 9–14 lb)
Carbon
Counted as one sheet
Bottom
35–64 g/m2 (30–55 kg or 9–17 lb)
kg: Weight in kilograms of 1000 sheets of 788 x 1091 mm paper (1.16 g/m2)
lb: Weight in pounds of 500 sheets of 17 x 22 inch paper (3.76 g/m2)
B-8
Command Sets
Function
Command
C
Command Sets
This appendix describes printer commands and their parameters.
This printer has the following three resident command sets (emulations):
•
DEC PPL2 (DIGITAL ANSI Printer Protocol Level 2)
•
IBM Proprinter X24E (LA48N) and IBM Proprinter XL24E (LA48W)
•
Epson ESC/P2
Select the same protocol on the printer and in your software. If your software protocols
include DEC PPL2, select DEC PPL2 for optimum performance.
C-1
Command Sets
DEC PPL2
Quick Reference Guide
Function
Command
This section contains basic information on the DEC PPL2 commands supported in the
GENICOM Matrix Printer LA48.
The commands are listed by function, in the following order:
Positioning Controls
Sheet size and margins
Type size and spacing, managing implicit cursor motion
Font management and attribute selection
Tabs
Selecting character sets
Reports
Miscellaneous
Barcode printing
Graphics
This section is intended for use in conjunction with the Digital Ansi-compliant Printing
Protocol Level 2 Programming Reference Manual and the Digital Ansi-compliant Printing
Protocol Level 2 Programming Supplement. These are referred to simply as the
Programming Reference Manual and the Programming Supplement, respectively.
Ask the support of the manufacturer or your dealer in case of need.
C-2
Command Sets
Characters used in control functions appear in monospaced type. The following table
Function
Command
explains some of the conventions used.
A pair of numbers separated by a slash (/) character indicates Column/Row notation. This
notation refers to the location of a character in a standard code table, such as ASCII.
Spaces appear between characters in sequences for clarity; they are not part of the format.
Space is designated as ‘‘SP’’ when it is part of the format of a command or sequence.
The following conventions are used in the command listings:
Conventions
Code
Description
ESC
Escape (1/11), introduces an escape sequence
CSI
Control Sequence Introducer (9/11), introduces a control sequence. CSI can
also be represented by the equivalent escape sequence ESC [ (1/11 5/11).
DCS
Device Control String (9/0), introduces a device control string. DCS can also be
represented by the equivalent escape sequence ESC P (1/11 5/0).
ST
String Terminator (9/12) indicates the end of a control string. ST can also be
represented by the equivalent escape sequence ESC \ (1/11 5/12).
Pn
Numeric parameter, or number of units that specify a distance or quantity
pertaining to the escape sequence, control function or control string.
Ps
Selective parameter, or one which identifies a list of options pertaining to the
specif command. If “>” (3/14) or “?” (3/15) occurs at the beginning of a string of
parameters, parameters that follow are Digital private parameters. “>” or “?”, if
present, must occur only once at the beginning of the parameter string.
In
Intermediate character — component of an escape sequence, control sequence or
control string
F
Final character — component of an escape sequence, control sequence or control
string
SP
Space (2/0)
C0 Control Characters are given in the figure “Standard 8-bit Code Table (Left
Half),” and C1 Control Characters are given in Figure “Standard 8-bit Code Table
(Right Half)” in an 8-bit environment.
In the 7-bit environment, C1 Control Characters can be sent with an escape
sequence provided in the following tables.
Both numeric and selective parameters are interpreted as unsigned decimal
integers, with the most significant digit sent first. For instance, the value 16 is
coded as “16” (3/1 3/6). Leading zeros are allowed but are ignored. Plus and
minus signs are not allowed.
C-3
Command Sets
Positioning
Controls
Function
C-4
Command
Mnemonic Function
Command
Remarks
BS
Backspace
0/8
C0 Control Code
CR
Carriage Return
0/13
C0 Control Code
FF
Form Feed
0/12
C0 Control Code
HT
Horizontal Tab
0/9
C0 Control Code
LF
Line Feed
0/10
C0 Control Code
VT
Vertical Tab
0/11
C0 Control Code
HTS
Horizontal Tab Set
8/8
C1 Control Code
7-bit environment : ESC H
IND
Index
8/4
C1 Control Code
7-bit environment : ESC D
NEL
Next Line
8/5
C1 Control Code
7-bit environment : ESC E
PLD
Partial Line Down
8/11
C1 Control Code
7-bit environment : ESC K
Advance paper 1/12 in.
PLU
Partial Line Up
8/12
C1 Control Code
7-bit environment : ESC L
Reverse paper 1/12 in.
VTS
Vertical Tab Set
8/10
C1 Control Code
7-bit environment : ESC J
DECCAHT Clear All
Horizontal Tabs
ESC 2
DECCAVT Clear All Vertical
Tabs
ESC 4
DECSHTS Set Horizontal Tab
Stops
CSI Pn ;...; Pn u
Pn = tabstop position
DECSVTS Set Vertical Tab
Stops
CSI Pn ;...; Pn v
Pn = tabstop position
DECHTS
Horizontal Tab Set
ESC 1
DECVTS
Vertical Tab Set
ESC 3
HPA
Horizontal Position CSI Pn `
Absolute
Pn = position to move to
Command Sets
Function
Mnemonic Function
Command
Command
Remarks
HPR
Horizontal Position CSI Pn a
Relative
Pn = number of columns down
VPA
Vertical Position
Absolute
CSI Pn d
Pn = position to move to
VPR
Vertical Position
Relative
CSI Pn e
Pn = number of lines down
Mnemonic Function
Command
Remarks
DECSLPP
CSI Pn t
Pn = number of lines per pages
DECVPLA Set Vertical
Page Length
Alignment
CSI Pn1 ; Pn2 - u
Pn1 = position of the origin from
top of form (in 1/720 in.).
Pn2 = Paper length in 1/720 in.
DECSLRM Set Left and
Right Margins
CSI Pn1 ; Pn2 s
Pn1 = left margin
Pn2 = right margin
DECHPWA Set Page Width
Alignment
CSI Pn1 ; Pn2 " s
Pn14 = origin
Pn24 = paper width
DECSTBM Set Top and
Bottom Margins
CSI Pn1 ; Pn2 r
Pn1 = top margin
Pn2 = bottom margin
Sheet Size and Margins
Set Lines per
Physical Page
4
Units are 1/12 inch.
C-5
Command Sets
Type
Size and Spacing, Managing Implicit Cursor
Motion
Function
Command
1
Mnemonic
Function
DECAWM
Autowrap Mode CSI ? 7 h
CSI ? 7 l
Set autowrap mode
Reset autowrap mode
DECCRNLM
Carriage Return CSI ? 40 h
/New Line Mode CSI ? 40 l
CR acts as New Line
CR acts as Carriage Return
DECPSP
Proportional
Spacing Mode
CSI ? 27 h
CSI ? 27 l
Set proportional spacing mode
Reset proportional spacing mode
DECSHORP
Set Horizontal
Pitch
CSI Ps w
Ps = 0: Determined
by current font.
Ps = 1: 10 CPI
Ps = 2: 12 CPI
Ps = 3: 13.2 CPI
Ps = 4: 16.5 CPI
Ps = 5: 5 CPI
Ps = 6: 6 CPI
Ps = 7: 6.6 CPI
DECVERP
Set Vertical
Pitch
CSI Ps z
Ps = 0: Determined by current font
Ps = 1: 6 LPI
Ps = 2: 8 LPI
Ps = 3: 12 LPI
Ps = 4: 2 LPI
Ps = 5: 3 LPI
Ps = 6: 4 LPI
Ps = 21: 4 LPcm1
Ps = 22: 2 LPcm
Ps = 23: 1 LPcm
Ps = 11–16 and 31–33: same as 1–6 and
21–23
LNM
Line Feed/New
Line Mode
CSI 20 h
CSI 20 l
LF acts as New Line
LF acts as line feed
LPcm = Lines per centimeter
C-6
Command
Remarks
Ps = 8: 8.25 CPI
Ps = 9: 15 CPI
Ps = 11: 17.1 CPI
Ps = 12: 8.55 CPI
Ps = 13: 18 CPI
Ps = 14: 9 CPI
Ps = 15: 10 CPI
Ps = 16: 20 CPI
Command Sets
Font
Management and Attribute Selection Command
Function
Mnemonic Function
Command
Remarks
SGR
Select Graphic
Rendition Selecting Fonts
CSI Ps m
Ps = 10 : Courier
Ps = 11 : Timeless PS
Ps = 12 : Nimbus Sans
Ps = 13 : Prestige
Ps = 14 : Pica
Ps = 15 : Boldface PS
Ps = 16 : Courier
Ps = 17 : Compressed
Ps = 18 : OCR-A
Ps = 19 : OCR-B
SGR
Select Graphic
Rendition Selecting
Attributes
CSI Ps m
Ps = 0: Turn off all attributes
Ps = 1: Bold on
Ps = 3: Slant on
Ps = 4: Underline on
Ps = 9: Strike-through on
Ps = 21: Double underline on
Ps = 22: Bold off
Ps = 23: Slant off
Ps = 24: Any underline off
Ps = 29: Strike-through on
Ps = 30: Print Text in back
Ps = 31: Print Text in red
Ps = 32: Print Text in green
Ps = 33: Print Text in yellow
Ps = 34: Print Text in blue
Ps = 35: Print Text in magenta
Ps = 36: Print Text in cyan
Ps = 37: Print Text in “white”
(no printing)
Ps = 39: Print Text in black
Ps = 53: Overline on
Ps = 55: Overline off
Ps = ?4: Superscript on
Ps = ?5: Subscript on
Ps = ?24: Script off
DECDLD
Download Font
DCS parameter_string
{ D . . . D ST
See the Programming Reference
Manual
DECDEN
Printing
Density
Selection
CSI Ps " z
Ps = 0 or 1: Select draft
Ps = 2: Select letter quality
Ps = 3: Select high speed draft
Ps = 4: Select near letter quality
(also called correspondence)
Ps = 5: Select high impact draft
C-7
Command Sets
Tabs
Function
C-8
Command
Mnemonic Function
Command
Remarks
DECCAHT Clear All
Horizontal
Tabs
ESC 2
deprecated command
DECCAVT Clear All
Vertical Tabs
ESC 4
deprecated command
DECHTS
ESC 1
deprecated command
DECSHTS Set Horizontal
Tab Stops
CSI Pn ; . . . ; Pn u
Pn = tab stop
DECSVTS Set Vertical Tab
Stops
CSI Pn ; . . . ; Pn v
Pn = tab stop
DECVTS
Vertical Tab Set
ESC 3
deprecated command
TBC
Tab Clear
CSI Ps ; . . . ; Ps g
Ps = 0: Clear horiz. tab at active
position
Ps = 1: Clear vert. tab at active
position
Ps = 2 or 3: Clear all horiz. tabs
Ps = 4: Clear all vert. tabs
Horizontal Tab
Set
Command Sets
Selecting
Function Character Sets
Command
See Figure “Designating and Invoking Character Sets” later in this section.
Mnemonic
Function
Command
Remarks
ASCEF
Announce Subset
of Code Extension
Facilities
ESC SP L
ASCII in G0 and GL.
ISO Latin-1 in G1 and GR.
Same as ESC SP L
ASCII in G0 and GL.
ESC SP M
ESC SP N
DECAUPSS Assign User
Preference
Supplemental Set
ISO Latin 9
DCS Ps ! u
D . . . D ST
Ps = 0: 94-char. set
Ps = 1: 96-char. set
D . . . D: SCS designating sequence.
DCS 1 ! u b ST ST = 09/12 or Esc\
SS2
Single Shift 2
C1 Control
Take the next character from G2
Code
7-bit environment
: ESC N
SS3
Single Shift 3
C1 Control
Take the next character from G3
Code
7-bit environment
: ESC O
LS0
Locking Shift 0
(or Shift In)
SI
Invoke G0 into GL
LS1
Locking Shift 1
(or Shift Out)
SO
Invoke G1 into GL
LS2
Locking Shift 2
ESC n
Incoke G2 into GL
LS3
Locking Shift 3
ESC o
Invoke G3 into GL
LS1R
Locking Shift 1 Right ESC ~
Invoke G1 into GR
LS2R
Locking Shift 1 Right ESC }
Invoke G2 into GR
LS3R
Locking Shift 1 Right ESC |
Invoke G3 into GR
SCS
Select Character Set
ESC I1 I2 F
I1 = “(”: Invoke 94-char. set into G0
I1 = “)”: Invoke 94-char. set into G1
I1 = “*”: Invoke 94-char. set into G2
I1 = “+”: Invoke 94-char. set into G3
I1 = “-”: Invoke 96-char. set into G1
I1 = “.”: Invoke 96-char. set into G2
I1 = “/”: Invoke 96-char. set into G3
I2 F = final characters from
“SCS Final Characters” later in this
section
C-9
Command Sets
SCS
Final Characters
Function
Character Set
Command
I2 F Designator Charactors
94-Character Sets
C-10
British
A
4/1
ASCII
B
4/2
DEC Dutch
4
3/4
DEC Finnish
5
3/5
French
R
5/2
DEC French-Canadian
9
3/9
German
K
4/11
DEC Hebrew Supplemental
"4
2/2, 3/4
DEC 7-Bit Hebrew
%=
2/5, 3/13
ISO Italian
Y
5/9
Legal
%4
2/5, 3/4
JIS Katakana
I
4/9
JIS Roman
J
4/10
DEC Norwegian/Danish
6
3/6
ISO Spanish
Z
5/10
DEC Swedish
7
3/7
DEC Swiss
=
3/13
Norwegian/Danish
‘
6/0
DEC Supplemental
%5
2/5, 3/5
DEC Technical
>
3/14
DEC Special Graphics
0
3/0
DEC Portuguese
%6
2/5, 3/6
7-Bit Turkish
%2
2/5, 3/2
DEC 8-Bit Turkish Supplemental
%0
2/5, 3/0
DEC 8-Bit Greek Supplemental
"?
2/2, 3/15
User Preference Supplemental
<
3/12
Command Sets
Function Set
Character
I2 F Designator
Command
Charactors
96-Character Sets
ISO Latin-1 Supplemental
A
4/1
ISO Latin-2 Supplemental
B
4/2
ISO Latin-9 Supplemental
b
6/2
ISO Latin-Greek Supplemental
F
4/6
ISO Latin-Hebrew Supplemental
H
4/8
ISO Latin/Cyrillic Supplemental
L
4/12
ISO Latin-5 Supplemental
M
4/13
User Preference Supplemental
<
3/12
Reports
Mnemonic
Function
Command
Remarks
DA
Device
Attributes
CSI c
Request Device Attributes Report
DAR
Device
Attributes
Report
ESC [ ? ps1 ; Ps2
; . . . ; Psn c
(printer to host)
Ps1 = 72
Ps2–Psn describe extensions. See
the Programming Supplement.
DA2
Secondary
Device
Attributes
CSI > Ps c
Ps must = 0
DA2R
Secondary
Device
Attributes
Report
ESC [ > Ps1 ; Ps2 ; Ps1 = 67: model LA30N
Ps3 ; Ps4 ; Ps5 c
68: model LA30W
(printer to host)
Ps2 = firmware revision x 10
Ps3 = 0 (or 1 reserved)
Ps4 = 20
Ps5 = firmware edit revision
DECLANS Load
DCS Ps v encoded_
ANSWERBACK message_string ST
Without
Password
Message is Hex. encoded.
C-11
Command Sets
Function
Mnemonic
C-12
Function
Command
Remarks
Command
DECLANS
Load
ANSWERBACK
With Password
DCS Ps ; Pn2 ; Pn3 Ps = 1 : No password - Do not store
v encoded_message_ message.
string ST
Ps = 2 : No password - Store
message.
Ps = 3 : Password - Store message :
Pn2 : Old password
Pn3 : New password
Default password : 0
Password range : 0 - 9999
ENQ
Send
0/5
ANSWERBACK
Message
C0 Control Code
DSR
Device Status
Request
CSI Ps n
Ps = 0 or 5: Request extended DSR
Ps = ?2: Enable brief unsolicited
reports, send extended report
Ps = ?3: Enable/send extended
unsolicited reports
DSR
Device Status
Report
Brief: CSI Ps n
Extended: brief, followed by
CSI Pn1 ; Pn2 ; . . . ;
Pnn n
Ps = 0: No errors
Ps = 3: Error
See the Programming Supplement
for extended report
Command Sets
Miscellaneous
Function
Mnemonic Function
Command
Command
Remarks
BEL
DECSCL
Bell
Select Conformance
Level
0/7
CSI Ps1 " p
C0 Control Code
Ps = 0: reset - native level
Ps = 71: reset - DEC PPL1
Ps = 72: reset - DEC PPL2
DECSTR
Soft Terminal Reset
CSI ! p
Reset to initial state
RIS
Reset to Initial State
ESC c
Reset to initial state
DECIPEM IBM Proprinter
Protocol Mode
CSI ? 58 h
CSI ? 58 l
Deprecated function
ROCS
Return from Other
Coding System
ESC % @
Return to DEC PPL2 mode
SOCS
Select Other Coding
System
ESC % =
ESC % SP 2
IBM Proprinter Protocol
Epson Protocol
CRM
Control Representation CSI 3 h
Mode
CSI 3 l
Print hex representation for all
characters
Reset
DECASFC Automatic Sheet
Feeder Control
CSI Ps ! v
Ps = 0: No change
Ps = n: Tray n (reserved)
Ps = 4 : Tractor feeding
Ps = 99: Manual feed
DECSITF
input
Select Input Tray
CSI Ps1 ; Ps2
Ps1 = 0: Disable all composite
Failover
; . . . ; Psn SP w trays
Ps1 = n: Define composite tray n
Ps2–Psn = n: Add tray n to the
composite definition
DECUPM Unidirectional Print
Mode
CSI ? 41 h
CSI ? 41 l
Set unidirectional print mode
Reset unidirectional print mode
SnC1R
/DEC*C1
ESC SP 6
ESC SP 7
ESC SP F
ESC SP G
Process 7-bit, drop 8th bit
Process 7-bit and 8-bit
Transmit 8-bit as 7-bit equivalents
Transmit 8-bit (not supported)
C1 Transmit
/Receive
C-13
Command Sets
Barcode
Function Printing
Mnemonic
C-14
Function
Command
Command
Remarks
DECBAR
Start or Stop Bar ESC % SP 0
Codes
ESC % @
Start barcode
Stop barcode
DECSBCA
Select Bar Code
Attributes
CSI Ps1 ; Pn2
; . . . ; Ps9 ´ q
Parameters
Description
Values
Ps1
Bar Code System
Pn2
Width of narrow bars
in Decipoints
0, 2 : Code 39
1 : Interleaved 2 of 5
4 : EAN 8
5 : EAN 13
7 : Codabar a/t
8 : Codabar b/n
9 : Codabar c/*
10 : Codabar d/e
11 : UPC-A
13 : Postnet
14 : Industrial 2 of 5
18 : Matrix 2 of 5
Supported values : 10 (default) -15 - 20 - 25 - 30.
Not applicable to UPC, EAN and
Postnet systems.
Pn3
Width of quiet zones
in Decipoints
Supported value : 180
Pn4
Width of wide bars
in Decipoints
Ignored. Set at 2.5 * Pn2.
Pn5
Ignored
Pn6
Height of bars in
Decipoints
Pn7
Ignored
Pn8
Ignored
Ps9
Human Readable
Characters
Min = 60
Max = 2400
Default = 120
0, 1 : No HRC
2, 3 , 4 : Print HRC
Ignored for Postnet
Command Sets
Active position after printing a bar code is the same position as before printing bar code.
Function
Command
After printing bar code, appropriate positioning control commands, see “Positioning
Controls” earlier in this section, must be sent to print additional barcode strings, text or
graphics.
In the following examples, HPA Pn command positions the Active Position at column Pn ,
VPA Pn command positions the Active Position at line Pn.
1. Two barcodes Code 39 on the same line:
DECSBCA CSI 0;;;;;;;;’q
DECBAR(start) data DECBAR(stop) HPA Pn
DECBAR(start) data DECBAR(stop)
2. Two barcodes Code 39 one above the other:
DECSBCA CSI 0;;;;;;;;’q
DECBAR(start) data DECBAR(stop) VPA Pn
DECBAR(start) data DECBAR(stop)
Sixel Graphics Device Control String Envelope
Command
Function
DCS
String Introducer
Ps1 ; Pn2 ; Pn3 q
Protocol Selector
Remarks
Ps1 : macro parameter, select horizontal grid size
and pixel aspect ratio. See “Sixel Graphics
Protocol Selector Ps1” later in this section.
Ps2 : ignored.
Pn3 : horizontal grid size - overrides Ps1 for
horizontal grid size - aspect ratio unchanged. See
“Sixel Graphics Grid Size defined by Pn3” later
in this section.
sixel data
Picture data
Includes sixel printable characters and sixel
control codes. See “Sixel Graphics Control
Codes” later in this section.
ST
String Terminator
Exit Sixel Graphics mode and return to text mode.
C-15
Command Sets
Sixel
Graphics Protocol Selector Ps1
Function
Command
Ps1 Value
Horizontal Grid Size (inches)
Aspect Ratio (Vert : Hor)1
0, 1 or none
1/144
2
2
1/360
5
3, 4
1/180
2.5
5, 6, 7, 8
1/144
2
9
1/72
1
>9
1/144
2
1
Vertical Grid size = 1/72 in., unless modified by Pn3 or DECGRA.
Sixel Graphics Grid Size defined by Pn3
HGS:VGS (dpi) by Aspect Ratio (defined by Ps1)
Pn3 Value
1:1
C-16
2:1
2.5:1
5:1
0 or none
No change to HGS and VGS defined by Ps1
1, 2
360:360
360:180
360:144
360:72
3, 4
180:180
180:90
180:72
180:36
5, 6, 7
144:144
144:72
180:72
180:36
8, 9
90:90
90:45
90:36
180:36
10 - 15
72:72
72:36
90:36
180:36
16 - 19
45:45
72:36
90:36
180:36
• 20
36:36
72:36
90:36
180:36
Command Sets
Sixel
Graphics Control Codes
Function
Mnemonic
Function
Command
Command
Remarks
DECGRA
Set Raster Attributes
" (2/2)
Defines the pixel aspect ratio.
Followed by parameters
Pn1 ; Pn2 ; Pn3 ; Pn4
Pn1 : Pixel aspect ratio numerator
Pn2 : Pixel aspect ratio denominator
Pn3 and Pn4 : ignored
DECGRI
Graphics Repeat
Introducer
! (2/1)
Followed by a numeric value Pn and a
sixel data to be repeated Pn times.
DECGCR
Graphics Carriage
Return
$ (2/4)
Returns active position to graphics
left margin.
DECGNL
Graphics Next Line
– (2/13)
Returns active position to graphics
left margin and increments to next
graphics line.
DECGCI
Graphics Color
Introducer
# (2/3)
Assigns a color to a color number or
selects a predefined color number.
Followed by parameters
Pc ; Pu ; Px ; Py ; Pz
Pc : Color number (0 - 255)
Pu : Universal coordinate system
selector : 1 = HLS
2 = RGB
Px , Py , Pz : color coordinates
Parameter Characters 0 - 9
(3/0 - 3/9)
Numeric parameters - used on the
above control codes
Parameter Separator
; (3/11)
Separates parameters - used on the
above control codes
Sixel Data
(3/15 - 7/14)
Sixel printable characters.
The printer substracts the offset (3F
hexadecimal) from the received code,
assigning each of the remaining loworder six bits to a grid position :
LSB = top pixel
MSB = bottom pixel
Examples :
? (3/15) : blank character
@ (4/0) : print only top pixel
A (4/1) : print second-from-top pixel
~ (7/14) : print one full column
C-17
Command Sets
Standard 8-bit Code Table (Left Half)
Standard Left
C0 Control Set
Column
Row
0
NUL
1
SOH
2
STX
3
ETX
4
EOT
5
ENQ
6
ACK
7
BEL
8
BS
9
HT
10
LF
11
VT
12
FF
13
CR
14
SO
15
SI
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
4
4
4
5
5
5
6
6
6
7
7
7
10
8
8
11
9
9
12
10
A
13
11
B
14
12
C
15
13
D
16
14
E
17
15
F
Graphics Left (GL)
1
DLE
DC1
(XON)
DC2
DC3
(XOFF)
DC4
NAK
SYN
ETB
CAN
EM
SUB
ESC
FS
GS
RS
US
2
20
16
10
21
17
11
22
18
12
23
19
13
24
20
14
25
21
15
26
22
16
27
23
17
30
24
18
31
25
19
32
26
1A
33
27
1B
34
28
1C
35
29
1D
36
30
1E
37
31
1F
3
40
32
20
SP
!
"
#
$
%
&
(
)
*
+
,
.
41
33
21
42
34
22
43
35
23
44
36
24
45
37
25
46
38
26
47
39
27
50
40
28
51
41
29
52
42
2A
53
43
2B
54
44
2C
55
45
2D
56
46
2E
57
47
2F
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
;
<
=
>
?
4
60
48
30
61
49
31
62
50
32
63
51
33
64
52
34
65
53
35
66
54
36
67
55
37
70
56
38
71
57
39
72
58
3A
73
59
3B
74
60
3C
75
61
3D
76
62
3E
77
63
3F
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
5
100
64
40
101
65
41
102
66
42
103
67
43
104
68
44
105
69
45
106
70
46
107
71
47
110
72
48
111
73
49
112
74
4A
113
75
4B
114
76
4C
115
77
4D
116
78
4E
117
79
4F
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
]
^
6
120
80
50
121
81
51
122
82
52
123
83
53
124
84
54
125
85
55
126
86
56
127
87
57
130
88
58
131
89
59
132
90
5A
133
91
5B
134
92
5C
135
93
5D
136
94
5E
137
95
5F
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
ASCII Graphic Character Set
LEGEND
GL
A
4/1
101
65
41
Column/Row
Octal
Decimal
Hex
Standard 8-bit Code Table (Left Half)
C-18
7
140
96
60
141
97
61
142
98
62
143
99
63
144
100
64
145
101
65
146
102
66
147
103
67
150
104
68
151
105
69
152
106
6A
153
107
6B
154
108
6C
155
109
6D
156
110
6E
157
111
6F
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
}
~
160
112
70
161
113
71
162
114
72
163
115
73
164
116
74
165
117
75
166
118
76
167
119
77
170
120
78
171
121
79
172
122
7A
173
123
7B
174
124
7C
175
125
7D
176
126
7E
DEL
177
127
7F
Command Sets
Standard 8-bit Code Table (Right Half)
Standard Right
C1 Control Set
1
2
3
4
5
BPH
NBH
IND
NEL
6
SSA
7
ESA
8
HTS
9
HTJ
10
VTS
11
PLD
12
PLU
13
RI
14
SS2
15
SS3
200
128
80
201
129
81
202
130
82
203
131
83
204
132
84
205
133
85
206
134
86
207
135
87
210
136
88
211
137
89
212
138
8A
213
139
8B
214
140
8C
215
141
8D
216
142
8E
217
143
8F
9
DCS
PU1
PU2
STS
CCH
MW
SPA
EPA
SOS
SCI
CSI
ST
OSC
PM
APC
10
220
144
90
221
145
91
222
146
92
223
147
93
224
148
94
225
149
95
226
150
96
227
151
97
230
152
98
231
153
99
232
154
9A
233
155
9B
234
156
9C
235
157
9D
236
158
9E
237
159
9F
11
240
160
A0
a
241
161
A1
242
162
A2
243
163
A3
244
164
A4
245
165
A5
246
166
A6
247
167
A7
250
168
A8
251
169
A9
252
170
AA
253
171
AB
254
172
AC
255
173
AD
256
174
AE
257
175
AF
2
3
µ
1
o
1
1
4
2
?
Row
0
8
!
Column
Graphics Right (GR)
12
260
176
B0
261
177
B1
262
178
B2
263
179
B3
264
180
B4
265
181
B5
266
182
B6
267
183
B7
270
184
B8
271
185
B9
272
186
BA
273
187
BB
274
188
BC
275
189
BD
276
190
BE
277
191
BF
A
A
A
~
A
..
A
A
C
E
E
E
..
E
I
I
I
..
I
13
300
192
C0
301
193
C1
302
194
C2
303
195
C3
304
196
C4
305
197
C5
306
198
C6
307
199
C7
310
200
C8
311
201
C9
312
202
CA
313
203
CB
314
204
CC
315
205
CD
316
206
CE
317
207
CF
~
N
O
O
O
~
O
..
O
OE
O
U
U
U
..
U
..
Y
B
14
320
208
D0
321
209
D1
322
210
D2
323
211
D3
324
212
D4
325
213
D5
326
214
D6
327
215
D7
330
216
D8
331
217
D9
332
218
DA
333
219
DB
334
220
DC
335
221
DD
336
222
DE
337
223
DF
a
a
a
a~
..
a
a
ae
c
e
e
e
..
e
i
i
i
..
i
15
340
224
E0
341
225
E1
342
226
E2
343
227
E3
344
228
E4
345
229
E5
346
230
E6
347
231
E7
350
232
E8
351
233
E9
352
234
EA
353
235
EB
354
236
EC
355
237
ED
356
238
EE
357
239
EF
n~
o
o
o
o~
..
o
oe
o
u
u
u
..
u
..
y
360
240
F0
361
241
F1
362
242
F2
363
243
F3
364
244
F4
365
245
F5
366
246
F6
367
247
F7
370
248
F8
371
249
F9
372
250
FA
373
251
FB
374
252
FC
375
253
FD
376
254
FE
377
255
FF
DEC Supplemental Graphic Character Set
LEGEND
GR
A
12/1
301
193
C1
Column/Row
Octal
Decimal
Hex
Standard 8-bit Code Table (Right Half)
C-19
Command Sets
Designating and Invoking Character Sets
1 LS0
2 LS1
GL
C0
C1
GR
3 SS2
or LS2
4 LS1R
Invoking
"Invoking"
Sequences
Locking Shift,
Single Shift,
or Announcers
1
2
3
4
5
7
6
5 SS3
or LS3
6 LS2R
7 LS3R
G0
G1
G2
G3
"Designating"
Sequences
(SCS)
or Announcers
Selecting
94-Char
Graphic
Repertory
96-Char
Graphic
Repertory
DECAUPSS
User
Preference
Power-up configuration is as follows:
GL:G0
GR:G2
G0:Value for DEC G0 CST Set-Up option
G1:ASCIIG2:User Preference
G3:User Preference
User Preference:Value for USER PREF Set-Up option
Standard 8-bit Code Table (Right Half)
C-20
or
Announcer
Sequences
Command Sets
National
FunctionReplacement Character Sets
Command
National Replacement Character Sets
Location
US
ASCII
British
2/3
#
£
4/0
@
5/11
[
5/12
DEC
Finnish
French
DEC
FrenchCanada
ISO
German Italian
£
JIS
Roman
£
à
à
§
§
Ä
°
â
Ä
°
\
Ö
ç
ç
Ö
ç
5/13
]
Å
§
ê
Ü
é
5/14
^
Ü
î
6/0
‘
é
ô
7/11
{
ä
é
é
ä
à
7/12
|
ö
ù
ù
ö
ò
7/13
}
å
è
è
ü
è
7/14
~
ü
¨
û
ß
ì
¥
ù
—
National Replacement Character Sets
Location
US
ASCII
DEC
Norwegian- ISO
DEC
Norwegian- DEC DEC
DEC
Danish
Spanish Swedish Danish
Dutch Swiss Portuguese
2/3
#
£
£
ù
4/0
@
Ä
§
É
3/4
à
5/11
[
Æ
¡
Ä
Æ
y´
é
Ã
5/12
\
Ø
Ñ
Ö
Ø
1/2
ç
Ç
5/13
]
Å
¿
Å
Å
|
ê
Õ
5/14
^
Ü
5/15
_
6/0
‘
ä
7/11
{
æ
°
ä
æ
¨
ä
ã
7/12
|
ø
ñ
ö
ø
f
ö
ç
7/13
}
å
ç
å
å
1/4
ü
õ
7/14
~
ü
’
û
Ü
î
è
é
ü
ô
C-21
Command Sets
IBM Proprinter
X24E and XL24E Quick Reference
Guide
Function
Command
This section describes the printer commands for the IBM Proprinter X24E and XL24E
protocol. When there is a difference, it is identified by LA48N (X24E) and LA48W
(XL24E). Asterisks in the “Function” column indicate extended commands that are not
supported by the original printer.
Function
Command
Print Mode Control
Double-strike (bold) printing on
Double-strike (bold) printing off
Emphasized (shaded) printing on
Emphasized (shaded) printing off
Single-line double-width characters on
Single-line double-width characters off
Double-width characters on/off
(on: n = 1, off: n = 0)
Double-height/double-width characters
n1 = 4, n2 = 0, m1 = 0, m2 = 0
m3 controls character height and line spacing:
m3
Height
Spacing
0
1
2
16
17
18
32
33
34
Unchanged
Normal
Double
Unchanged
Normal
Double
Unchanged
Normal
Double
Unchanged
Unchanged
Unchanged
Single
Single
Single
Double
Double
Double
ESC G
ESC H
ESC E
ESC F
SO or ESC SO
DC4
ESC W (n)
ESC [ @ (n1) (n2) (m1) ... (m4)
m4 controls character width:
m4
Width
0
1
2
Unchanged
Normal
Double
Condensed characters on
Condensed and elite characters off
Subscript or superscript printing on
(subscript: n = 1, superscript: n = 0)
Subscript and superscript printing off
Underline on/off (on: n = 1, off: n = 0)
Overline on/off (on: n = 1, off: n = 0)
C-22
SI or ESC SI
DC2
ESC S (n)
ESC T
ESC - (n)
ESC (n)
Command Sets
Function
Command
Horizontal Control
Space
Backspace
Carriage return
Elite characters on
Proportionally spaced characters on/off
(on: n = 1, off: n = 0)
SP
BS
CR
ESC :
ESC P (n)
Vertical Control
Line feed
Form feed
Advance paper n/216 inch (1 ≤ n ≤ 255)
Advance paper n/180 inch (in AG mode)
(1 ≤ n ≤ 255)
Set line spacing to 1/8 lines
Set line spacing to 7/72 inch
Set line spacing to n/216 inch
(0 ≤ n ≤ 255)
Set line spacing to n/180 inch (in AG mode)
(0 ≤ n ≤ 255)
Preset line spacing to n/72 inch
(1 ≤ n ≤ 255)
Preset line spacing to n/60 inch (in AG mode)
(1 ≤ n ≤ 255)
Set line spacing to 1/6 inch or to the value
preset by line spacing command ESC A (n)
Change graphics line spacing base to
1/216 or 1/180 inch (for ESC J and ESC 3)
m1 = 4, m2 = 0
0 ≤ t1 ≤ 255, 0 ≤ t2 ≤ 255, t3 = 0
t4 = 180 or 216
Tabulation
Horizontal tab execution
Set horizontal tabs
The values of n1to nk in this command are the
ASCII values of the print columns (at the current
character width) at which tabs are to be set.
(1 ≤ n ≤ 255) (1 ≤ k ≤ 28)
Clear all horizontal tabs
Move print position right by n/120 inch
(0 ≤ n1, n2 ≤ 255) (n = n1 + n2 X 256)
LF
FF
ESC J (n)
ESC J (n)
ESC 0
ESC 1
ESC 3 (n)
ESC 3 (n)
ESC A (n)
ESC A (n)
ESC 2
ESC [ \ (m1) (m2) (t1) ... (t4)
HT
ESC D (n1) ... (nk) NUL
ESC D NUL
ESC d (n1) (n2)
C-23
Command Sets
Function
Command
Vertical tab execution
Set vertical tabs
The values of n1to nk in this command are the
ASCII values of the lines (at the current line
spacing) at which tabs are to be set.
(1 ≤ n ≤ 255) (1 ≤ k ≤ 64)
Clear all vertical tabs
Reset tabs to default values
VT
ESC B (n1) ... (nk) NUL
Page Formatting
Set left margin at column n and right
margin at column m (0 ≤ n, m ≤ 255)
Set perforation skip by n lines
(1 ≤ n ≤ 255)
Perforation skip off
Set page length to n lines (1 ≤ n ≤ 255)
Set page length to n inches (1 ≤ n ≤ 22)
Set top of form
Color Selection*
Select print color*
n = 0: Black
1: Magenta (red)
2: Cyan (blue)
3: Violet
4: Yellow
5: Orange
6: Green
Character Set Control
Select character set 1
Select character set 2
Print n1 + n2 X 256 characters from all-character set
(chars.: codes of characters to print,
0 ≤ chars. ≤ 255)
Print a character from all-character set
(char.: a code of character to print,
0 ≤ char. ≤ 255)
C-24
ESC B NUL
ESC R
ESC X (n) (m)
ESC N (n)
ESC O
ESC C (n)
ESC C NUL (n)
ESC 4
ESC r (n)
ESC 7
ESC 6
ESC \ (n1) (n2) (chars.)
ESC ^ (char.)
Command Sets
Function
Command
Select code page table
(0 ≤ n1, n2 ≤ 255) (n = n1 + n2 X 256)
c1, c2: Decimal (n1 = 4, n2 = 0)
ESC [ T (n1) (n2) 0 0 (c1) (c2)
c1
c2
Code page ID
0
0
0
1
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
23
0
210
220
181
82
83
84
89
90
92
94
95
97
98
27
Ignore command
Code page 210*
Code page 220*
Code page 437
Code page 850
Code page 851*
Code page 852*
Code page 857*
Code page 858**
Code page 860
Code page 862*
Code page 863
Code page 865
Code page 866*
ISO 8859-15**
Clear input buffer
Select printer
Deselect printer (ignore input)
Downloading
Select resident or downloaded font
Ex. n = 0: Resident Draft
2: Resident Courier
4: Downloaded Draft
6: Downloaded Courier
Create download font
Bit Image Graphics
Single-density graphics
Double-density graphics
High-speed double-density graphics
Quadruple-density graphics
High-resolution graphics
Select graphics mode (in AG mode only)
CAN
DC1
ESC Q #
ESC Q $
(forLA48N)
(for LA48W)
ESC I (n)
ESC = (n1) (n2) ID (m1) (m2) (data)
ESC K (n1) (n2) (data)
ESC L (n1) (n2) (data)
ESC Y (n1) (n2) (data)
ESC Z (n1) (n2) (data)
ESC [ g (n1) (n2) (m) (data)
ESC * (m) (c1) (c2) (data)
**Code page contains Euro currency symbol
C-25
Command Sets
Function
Command
Cut Sheet Feeder Control*
Feed a sheet from bin 1*
Feed a sheet from bin 2*
Feed a sheet from bin 3*
Eject a page from the printer*
ESC EM 1
ESC EM 2
ESC EM E
ESC EM R
Miscellaneous
Sound the bell
Unidirectional printing on/off
(on: n = 1, off: n = 0)
Add a carriage return to all line feeds
(on: n = 1, off: n = 0)
Printer offline
Select default settings
C-26
BEL
ESC U (n)
ESC 5 (n)
ESC j
ESC [ K (n1) (n2) (i) (ID) (p1) (p2)
Command Sets
EpsonFunction
ESC/P2 Quick Reference Guide
Command
This section describes the printer commands for the Epson ESC/P2 protocol. Asterisks in
the “Function” column indicate extended commands that are not supported by the original
printer. See the Programmer’s Reference Manual for detailed information on using these
commands.
Function
Print Mode Control
Double-strike (bold) printing on
Double-strike (bold) printing off
Emphasized (shadow) printing on
Emphasized (shadow) printing off
Italic printing on
Italic printing off
Select character style
n = 0: Normal
1: Outlined
2: Shaded
3: Outlined and shadowed
One-line double-width characters on
One-line double-width characters off
Double-width characters on/off
(on: n = 1, off: n = 0)
Double-height characters on/off
(on: n = 1, off: n = 0)
Condensed characters on
Condensed characters off
Subscript or superscript printing on
(subscript: n = 1, superscript: n = 0)
Subscript and superscript printing off
Underline on/off
(on: n = 1, off: n = 0)
Select line
n1 = 3, n2 = 0, d1 = 1
d2 = 0: Ignore command
1: Underline
2: Strike through
3: Overscore
d3 = 0 or 4: Cancel line selection
1: Single line
2 or 3: Double line
5: Single-dotted line
6 or 7: Double-dotted line
Command
ESC G
ESC H
ESC E
ESC F
ESC 4
ESC 5
ESC q (n)
SO or ESC SO
DC4
ESC W (n)
ESC w (n)
SI or ESC SI
DC2
ESC S (n)
ESC T
ESC - (n)
ESC ( - (n1) (n2) (d1) (d2) (d3)
C-27
Command Sets
Function
Command
Select printing style
This command allows you to combine various
printing styles. The value of n is the sum of the
values of the styles you want to combine.
n = 0: Pica pitch
1: Elite pitch
2: Proportional spacing
4: Condensed
8: Shadow
16: Bold
32: Double-width
64: Italics
128: Underline
ESC ! (n)
Horizontal Control
Space
Backspace
Carriage return
Set elite pitch
Set pica pitch
Set 15 CPI
Proportionally spaced characters on/off
(on: n = 1, off: n = 0)
Set inter-character space to n/120 inch (for draft)
or n/180 inch (for letter and proportional)
(0 ≤ n ≤ 127)
Set character pitch to (n1 + n2 X 256)/360 inch
(0 ≤ n1 ≤ 255) (0 ≤ n2 ≤ 4)
Select character pitch (specify unit of pitch)
n1 = 1, n2 = 0
d = 10 to 19: 10/3600 inch = 1/360 inch
d = 20 to 29: 20/3600 inch = 1/180 inch
d = 30 to 39: 30/3600 inch = 1/120 inch
d = 40 to 49: 40/3600 inch = 1/90 inch
d = 50 to 59: 50/3600 inch = 1/72 inch
d = 60 to 69: 60/3600 inch = 1/60 inch
C-28
SP
BS
CR
ESC M
ESC P
ESC g
ESC p (n)
ESC SP (n)
ESC c (n1) (n2)
ESC ( U (n1) (n2) (d)
Command Sets
Function
Command
Vertical Control
Line feed
Form feed
Advance paper n/180 inch (1 ≤ n ≤ 255)
Set line spacing to 1/8 inch
Set line spacing to n/180 inch (0 ≤ n ≤ 255)
Set line spacing to n/60 inch (0 ≤ n ≤ 127)
Set line spacing to 1/6 inch
Set line spacing to n/360 inch (0 ≤ n ≤ 255)
LF
FF
ESC J (n)
ESC 0
ESC 3 (n)
ESC A (n)
ESC 2
ESC + (n)
Tabulation
Horizontal tab execution
Set horizontal tabs
The values of n1to nk in this command are the
ASCII values of the print columns (at the current
character width) at which tabs are to be set.
(1 ≤ n ≤ 255) (1 ≤ k ≤ 32)
Move print position n/120 inch (for draft)(*1)
or n/180 inch (for letter)(*1) right from left margin
(n = n1 + n2 X 256)
Move print position n/120(*1) inch (for draft)
or n/180(*1) inch (for letter) left or right from the
current position
(n = n1 + n2 X 256)
Vertical tab execution
Set vertical tabs
The values of n1to nk in this command are the
ASCII values of the lines (at the current line
spacing) at which tabs are to be set.
(1 ≤ n ≤ 255) (1 ≤ k ≤ 16)
Move to dot line (d1 + d2 X 256)/360(*2) inch
n1 = 2, n2 = 0
(0 ≤ d1 ≤ 255) (0 ≤ d2 ≤ 127)
Vertical relative move by (d1 + d2 X 256)/360(*2) inch
n1 = 2, n2 = 0
(0 ≤ d1 ≤ 255) (0 ≤ d2 ≤ 127)
–32768 ≤ d1 + d2 X 256 ≤ 32768
HT
ESC D (n1) ... (nk) NUL
ESC $ (n1) (n2)
ESC \ (n1) (n2)
VT
ESC B (n1) ... (nk) NUL
ESC ( V (n1) (n2) (d1) (d2)
ESC ( v (n1) (n2) (d1) (d2)
*1
The value depends on the pitch set by the ESC ( U command.
*2
The value depends on the pitch set by the ESC ( U command. The default is 1/360 inch.
C-29
Command Sets
Function
Page Formatting
Set right margin to column n
(1 ≤ n ≤ 255)
Set left margin to column n
(0 ≤ n ≤ 255)
Set top and bottom margins from top of page
n1 = 4, n2 = 0
• Top margin = (t1 + t2 X 256)/360(*1) inch
(0 ≤ t1 ≤ 255) (0 ≤ t2 ≤ 127)
• Bottom margin = (b1 + b2 X 256)/360(*1) inch
(0 ≤ b1 ≤ 255)
(0 ≤ b2 ≤ 127)
Set perforation skip by n lines
(1 ≤ n ≤ 127)
Perforation skip off
Set page length to n lines (1 ≤ n ≤ 127)
Set page length to n inches (1 ≤ n ≤ 22)
Set page length to (d1 + d2 X 256)/360(*1) inch
n1 = 2, n2 = 0
(0 ≤ d1 ≤ 255) (0 ≤ d2 ≤ 127)
Color Selection
Select print color
n = 0: Black
1: Magenta (red)
2: Cyan (blue)
3: Violet
4: Yellow
5: Orange
6: Green
Character Set Control
Select character set 1
Select character set 2
Select the active character set assigned with the
ESC (t command (0 ≤ n ≤ 3)
*1
C-30
Command
ESC Q (n)
ESC l (n)
ESC ( c (n1) (n2) (t1) (t2) (b1) (b2)
ESC N (n)
ESC O
ESC C (n)
ESC C NUL (n)
ESC ( C (n1) (n2) (d1) (d2)
ESC r (n)
ESC 7
ESC 6
ESC t (n)
The value depends on the pitch set by the ESC ( U command. The default is 1/360 inch.
Command Sets
Function
Command
Select international character set
ESC R (n)
n = 0: USA
1: France
2: Germany
3: United Kingdom
4: Denmark 1
5: Sweden
6: Italy
7: Spanish 1
8: Japan
9: Norway
10: Denmark 2
11: Spanish 2
12: Latin America
13: Korea
64: Legal
Assign a character set to active character set
ESC ( t (n1) (n2) (d1) (d2) (d3)
number 0 to 3, n1 = 3, n2 = 0
d2, d3: Decimal
d1 =
0:
Active character set number 0,
default is Italics
1:
Active character set number 1,
default is Graphics
2:
Active character set number 2,
default is DLL
3:
Active character set number 3,
default is Graphics
d2
d3
Character Set
0
1
3
4
7
8
9
10
11
14
44
29
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
15
Italic
PC 437 (USA)
PC 850 (Multilingual)
PC 851*
PC 860 (Portugal)
PC 863 (Canada-French)
PC 865 (Norway)
PC 852*
PC 857*
PC 866*
PC 858**
ISO 8859-15**
Print n1 + n2 X 256 characters from all-character set
(character codes)
(0 ≤ n1 ≤ 255) (0 ≤ n2 ≤ 127)
(0 ≤ n1 + n2 X 256 ≤ 255)
(0 ≤ character codes ≤ 254)
ESC ( ^ (n1) (n2)
C-31
Command Sets
Function
Command
Clear input buffer
Delete a character
Force most significant bit to 1
Force most significant bit to 0
Cancel control over most significant bit
CAN
DEL
ESC >
ESC =
ESC #
**Code page contains Euro currency symbol
Font Selection and Downloading
Select font
n = 0: Resident character set
1: Downloaded character set
Select letter or draft quality
n = 0: Draft
1: Letter
Select type style
• Bitmap font:
n = 0: Courier
1: Courier
2: Courier
3: Prestige
4: Courier
5: OCR-B
7: Courier
8: Courier
9: Courier
• Scalable font:
n = 0: Timeless
1: Nimbus Sans ®
2: Courier
3: Timeless
4: Timeless
5: Timeless
7: Timeless
8: Timeless
9: Timeless
Set scalable font mode
• m sets character pitch.
m = 0: Keep previous pitch
1: Set proportional space mode
5: Select character pitch (m/360 inch)
(Reset proportional space mode)
C-32
ESC % (n)
ESC x (n)
ESC k (n)
ESC X m (n1) (n2)
Command Sets
Function
• n1 and n2 set point size of font.
Point size = (n1 + n2 X 256) X 0.5 point
(0 ≤ n1 ≤ 255) (0 ≤ n2 ≤ 127)
Copy resident character set to download area
Create download font
Bit Image Graphics
Graphics type m graphics
Bit image mode definition
Single-density graphics
Double-density graphics
High-speed double-density graphics
Quadruple-density graphics
Select raster image graphics
n1 = 1, n2 = 0
d = 1: Raster image graphics mode
Print raster image graphics
Cut Sheet Feeder Control
Feed a sheet from bin 1
Feed a sheet from bin 2
Feed a sheet from bin 3 (*1)
Eject a page from the printer
Miscellaneous
Sound the bell
Move print head to home position
Unidirectional printing on/off
(on: n = 1, off: n = 0)
Initialize printer
*1
Command
ESC : NUL (n) (s)
ESC & NUL (n1) (n2) (d0) (d1)
(d2) (data)
ESC * (m) (n1) (n2) (data)
ESC ? (s) (n)
ESC K (n1) (n2) (data)
ESC L (n1) (n2) (data)
ESC Y (n1) (n2) (data)
ESC Z (n1) (n2) (data)
ESC ( G (n1) (n2) (d)
ESC . (c) (v) (h) (m) (n1) (n2) (data)
ESC EM 1
ESC EM 2
ESC EM E
ESC EM R
BEL
ESC <
ESC U (n)
ESC @
This is an extended command not supported by the original protocol.
C-33
Command Sets
C-34
Interface Information
D
Interface Information
This printer can communicate with a computer through either a RS-232 serial interface or
a Centronics parallel interface. The printer can use both interfaces at the same time when
the I/F TYPE option is set to AUTO in the Set-Up mode.
This appendix provides information you may need for wiring your own interface cables or
for programming computer-to-printer communications. Most users do not need the
information in this appendix.
Parallel Interface
This printer can communicate with the host in two different modes:
•
Unidirectional
In this mode, the printer operates an industry standard 8-bit Centronics parallel
interface.
•
Bidirectional
This printer supports bidirectional communication per IEEE 1284 Standard Nibble
mode. This printer can switch between Compatible Centronics and Nibble modes.
The interface connector is 36-pin Amphenol type with ESD protection.
The first table gives the connector pin assignments in Compatible Centronics mode, and
the second table those in Nibble mode.
The data transmission rate reaches 5,000 characters per second at the minimum.
Designations of circuit direction are provided to indicate the source of the signals.
D-1
Interface Information
Centronics Compatible Signals
Pin
Direction
Signal
Description
1
To printer
STROBE L
STROBE pulse low to read data
A strobe low signal will raise BUSY line to
high.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
printer
printer
printer
printer
printer
printer
printer
printer
DATA BIT 1
DATA BIT 2
DATA BIT 3
DATA BIT 4
DATA BIT 5
DATA BIT 6
DATA BIT 7
DATA BIT 8
These signals are the 1st to the 8th bits of
parallel data.
10
From printer
ACKNLG L
ACKNLG pulse low indicates data received
and ready to receive more data.
Sent at power up or after INIT sequence.
11
From printer
BUSY H
“high” indicates the printer can not
receive data (buffer full). BUSY high occurs
when paper is out, an INIT is received, the
printer is offline, or an error condition exists.
12
From printer
PE H
PAPER END high signal indicates paper out.
13
From printer
SLCT H
A high signal indicates the printer is in the
select state.
Low signal occurs when printer is de selected
or an error condition exists.
SLCT L
D-2
These signals are active high for a logical 1.
14
Not used
15
Not used
16
0 volts. Logic ground.
17
Chassis ground.
18
+ 5V. Maximum output current is 50 mA.
19-29
TWP returns
0 volts. All at logic ground.
30
INIT ground
0 volts
31
To printer
INIT L
INIT low resets the printer to its initial state
and clears the buffer.
Printer must see a pulse > 25 microseconds.
32
From printer
ERROR L
This signal is low when the printer is out of
paper, not selected, or in an error state.
Interface Information
Pin
Direction
Signal
Description
33
0 volts. Same as pins 14, 19-30.
34
Not used
35
Not used
36
Not used
IEEE 1284-B Nibble Mode signals
The following table briefly gives connector pin assignments in IEEE 1284 mode.
Pin
Direction
Signal
Description
1
To printer
HostClk
High in reverse data transfer phase
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
DATA BIT 1
DATA BIT 2
DATA BIT 3
DATA BIT 4
DATA BIT 5
DATA BIT 6
DATA BIT 7
DATA BIT 8
These signals are the 1st to the 8th bits of
parallel data.
10
From printer
PtrClk
Set to low to qualify data on reverse channel
11
From printer
PtrBusy
Reverse channel: Data 3 and 7
12
From printer
AckDataReq
Reverse channel: Data 2 and 6
13
From printer
Xflag
Reverse channel: Data 1 and 5
14
To printer
Host Busy
Set to low to indicate that the host can
receive data
Set to high Host Acknowledge Receipt
printer
printer
printer
printer
printer
printer
printer
printer
These signals are active high for a logical 1.
15
Not used
16
0 volts. Logic ground
17
Chassis ground
18
From printer
Peripheral Logic Set to high to indicate the printer is ON
High
and all signals are in valid state.
- Max output current 50 mA
19-29
0 volts. Signal ground
30
0 volts. Signal ground
D-3
Interface Information
Pin
Direction
Signal
Description
31
To printer
Init L
Set to high for Reverse Channel operation
32
From printer
DataAvail L
Reverse channel: Data 0 and 4
33
Not used
34
Not used
35
Not used
36
To printer
SelectIn L
Set to high for Reverse Channel
Serial Interface
Use the Digital BC16E cable or equivalent. If you prepare a cable separately, the cable
connector at the printer side should be a male Modified Modular Jack (MMJ) or the
equivalent that conforms to EIA standards.
The following table shows the pin assignments. In the table:
D-4
•
“Input” denotes a signal from the computer to the printer.
•
“Output” denotes a signal from the printer to the computer.
•
The signal level for mark state (logical 1) is -5 V to -6 V; for space state (logical 0), it is
+5 V to +6 V.
Pin
No.
Signal
Name
Direction
Description
1
Ready Out
Output
Data Terminal Ready
2
Transmit Data +
Output
This pin carries information from the printer to
the computer.
3
Transmit Data -
Output
Common signal level. This pin carries
information from the printer to the computer.
4
Receive Data -
Input
Common signal level at the computer side.
This pin carries information from the computer
to the printer.
5
Receive Data +
Input
This pin carries information from the computer
to the printer.
6
Ready In
Input
Optional (available as Data Set Ready)
Interface Information
Serial Options
The serial options for the computer and the printer must match. Use the printer control
panel, the computer operating system, or your software to change options specified as
“selectable.”
Transmission mode:
Asynchronous, full duplex
Speed:
600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, or 19200 baud (selectable)
Data bits:
7 or 8 bits (selectable)
Parity bit:
Even, odd, none, or ignore (selectable)
Start bit:
1 bit
Stop bit:
1 bit
Buffer control:
XON/XOFF (DC1/DC3) or DTR (Data Terminal Ready)
(selectable)
Buffer size:
2K, 8K, 16K, 32K, or 64K bytes (selectable)
Cable Wiring
Use a null-modem cable to connect the printer to a computer terminal, as shown below:
Host
Ready Out
Transmit Data +
Transmit Data –
Receive Data –
Receive Data +
Ready In
Cable
(Pin 1)
(Pin 2)
# (Pin 3)
(Pin 4)
(Pin 5)
(Pin 6)
Printer
(Pin 6)
Ready In
(Pin 5)
Receive Data +
(Pin 4)
Receive Data –
(Pin 3) #
Transmit Data –
(Pin 2)
Transmit Data +
(Pin 1)
Ready Out
# indicates grounding.
Buffer Control
Buffer control is a communication protocol used by the computer terminal and the printer
to secure data transmission between the two devices. The buffer control ensures that the
computer does not send information to the printer faster than the information can be
processed in the printer. By telling the computer when the printer can receive data, the
buffer control prevents the printer’s buffer from overflowing.
This printer offers a choice of two different buffer controls for connection to a variety of
computers: XON/XOFF and DTR. If you computer documentation does not recommend a
particular buffer control, try DTR. The following table describes the buffer control.
D-5
Interface Information
D-6
Buffer Control
Description
XON/XOFF (DC1/DC3)
When the printer is ready to receive data, it sends the XON
(DC1) code (hex 11). When fewer than 255 bytes of space
remain in the buffer (or when the printer is taken offline), the
printer sends the XOFF (DC3) code (hex 13). (When the input
buffer is configured for 256 bytes, the buffer limit is reduced
from 255 bytes to 63 bytes.) The computer must stop
transmitting data within 255 (63) characters of receiving the
XOFF code, or information may be lost. If the paper runs out,
the printer sends an NAK code (hex 15).
DTR
DTR is a hardware buffer control; that is, the Ready Out signal
on interface cable pin 1 (DTR) is used to control the flow of
data rather than the transmission of a character code. When the
printer is ready to receive data, pin 1 is high. When fewer than
255 (63) bytes of space remain in the buffer (or when the printer
is taken offline), pin 1 is low. The computer must stop
transmitting data within 255 (63) characters of DTR being low,
or information may be lost.
Interface Information
USB Interface
Cable
This printer supports the USB 1.1 Full speed specification. To connect to the host,
use USB 2.0-compliant INF cables (5 meters/196 inch or shorter). Use shielded cables.
Connector pin alignment
No.
2
1
3
4
Signal line name
Function
1
vbus
Power supply
2
D-
Data transfer
3
D+
Data transfer
4
GND
Signal ground
Shell Shield
Connector specification
Printer side
Type B receptacle (female) Upstream port
Cable side
Type B plug (male)
Specification
Basic specification
USB interface compliant
NOTE: It does not guarantee all operations on hosts.
Power control
Self-power device
Transmission mode Full speed (Maximum 12 Mbps +0.25%)
D-7
Interface Information
D-8
Character Sets
E
Character Sets
This appendix provides character sets available for this printer. Available character sets
depend on the protocol selected. They are as follows:
•
DEC PPL2 protocol
94-Character sets and 96-Character sets
•
Common to IBM Proprinter X24E and XL24E protocol and Epson ESC/P2 protocol
Default sets
•
IBM Proprinter X24E and XL24E protocol
Set 1 and set 2
•
Epson ESC/P2 protocol
National character sets
These character sets include different characters and symbols that are in accordance with the
intended languages or usages. Note that some character sets, even if they have the same
character set name, may not have certain characters or symbols, depending on the resident
fonts selected. For details, see the table at the end of this appendix.
DEC PPL2 Protocol
The ASCII character set as well as the National Replacement Character sets, and the DEC
Supplemental Character set are given at the end of the section “DEC PPL2 Quick Reference
Guide” in Appendix C.
•
ASCII character set
•
National Replacement Character sets
British, DEC Finnish, French, DEC French-Canadian, German, ISO Italian, JIS Roman,
DEC Norwegian/Danish, ISO Spanish, DEC Swedish, Norwegian/Danish, DEC Dutch,
DEC Swiss, and DEC Portuguese
•
DEC Supplemental Character set
Below are listed the other character sets for the DEC PPL2 protocol:
E-1
Character Sets
•
DEC Special Graphics Character Set
•
DEC Technical Character Set
•
ISO Latin-1 Supplemental Character Set *
•
ISO Latin-9 Character Set
•
Legal Character Set
•
Hebrew Character Sets
– DEC 7-Bit Hebrew Character Set
– DEC Hebrew Supplemental Character Set
– ISO Latin-Hebrew Supplemental Character Set *
•
Greek Character Sets
– DEC 8-Bit Greek Supplemental Character Set
– ISO Latin-Greek Supplemental Character Set *
•
Turkish Character Sets
– DEC 7-Bit Turkish Character Set
– DEC 8-Bit Turkish Supplemental Character Set
– ISO Latin-5 Supplemental Character Set *
•
Eastern European Character Sets
– ISO Latin-2 Supplemental Character Set *
– ISO Latin-Cyrillic Supplemental Character Set *
•
JIS Katakana Character Set
The above character sets followed by an asterisk (*) are 96-character sets. The others are 94character sets.
E-2
Character Sets
E-3
Character Sets
E-4
Character Sets
E-5
Character Sets
E-6
Character Sets
E-7
Character Sets
E-8
Character Sets
E-9
Character Sets
E-10
Character Sets
E-11
Character Sets
E-12
Character Sets
E-13
Character Sets
E-14
Character Sets
E-15
Character Sets
E-16
Character Sets
E-17
Character Sets
E-18
Character Sets
Common to IBM Proprinter X24 and XL24E Protocol and Epson
ESC/P2 Protocol
Default Sets
The following thirty two character sets are available.
Code pages 210, 220, 437, 850, 851, 852, 857, 858, 860, 862, 863, 865, and 866, CP DHN,
Turkish, ECMA 94, ISO Latin 1, ISO Latin 2, ISO Latin 9, Hungarian, Slovenian, Polish,
Mazovian, Kamenicky, Cyrillic, ELOT 927, ELOT 928, Latin Polish, Lithuanian 1,
Lithuanian 2, MIK, and Macedonian
Code Page 210
Code Page 220
Code Page 437
Code Page 850
E-19
Character Sets
E-20
Code Page 851
Code Page 852
Code Page 857
Code Page 858
Code Page 860
Code Page 862
Character Sets
Code Page 863
Code Page 865
Code Page 866
Code Page DHN
Turkish
ECMA 94
E-21
Character Sets
ISO Latin 1
ISO Latin 2
ISO Latin 9
Hungarian
Slovenian
Polish
E-22
Character Sets
Mazowian
Cyrillic
ELOT 928
Kamenicky
ELOT 927
Latin Polish
E-23
Character Sets
Lithuanian 1
Lithuanian 2
MIK
Macedonian
E-24
Character Sets
IBM Proprinter X24E and XL24E Protocol
IBM Set 1/2
IBM character set 1 and IBM character set 2
IBM Set 1
IBM Set 2
E-25
Character Sets
Epson ESC/P2 Protocol
National Character Sets
The following fifteen character sets are available.
USA, France, Germany, UK, Denmark 1, Sweden, Italy, Spain 1, Japan, Norway,
Denmark 2, Spain 2, Latin America, Korea, and Legal
Common Characters
The following table shows characters common to the fifteen “national” character sets. NR
indicates characters that differ with languages.
E-26
Character Sets
National Characters
The following table shows “national” characters that differ with languages. Character codes
correspond to NRs in the preceding table.
E-27
Resident Fonts
F
Resident Fonts
This appendix provides print samples of the printer’s twelve resident fonts.
Draft
High-Speed Draft
High-Impact Draft
Pica 10
Courier 10
Prestige Elite 12
Compressed 17
Boldface PS
F-1
Resident Fonts
Timeless (outline)
Nimbus Sans ® (outline)
OCR A
OCR B
F-2
“All rights reserved. Translations, reprinting or copying by any means of this manual complete or in part
or in any different form requires our explicit approval. We reserve the right to make changes to this manual without notice. All care has been taken to en-sure accuracy of information contained in this manual.
However, we cannot accept responsibility for any errors or damages resul-ting from errors or inaccuracies
of information herein.”
TALLY REPRESENTATIVES
GERMANY
UNITED KINGDOM
DASCOM Europe GmbH
Heuweg 3
D-89079 Ulm
Deutschland
Tel.: +49 (0) 731 2075 0
Fax: +49 (0) 731 2075 100
www.dascom.com
DASCOM GB Ltd
ViewPoint, Basing View,
Basingstoke, Hampshire
RG21 4RG, England
Phone: +44 (0) 1256 481481
Fax: +44 (0) 1256 481400
www.dascom.com
SINGAPORE
DASCOM AP Pte Ltd
63 Hillview Avenue
#08-22, Lam Soon Industrial Building
Singapore 669569
Phone: +65 6760 8833
Fax: +65 6760 1066
www.dascom.com
© Oktober 2009 DASCOM Europe GmbH
RUSSIA and CIS
DASCOM Europe GmbH
Representation Moscow
Leninsky Prospekt 95a, Office 322
119313 Moscow, Russian Federation
Phone: +7 (495) 984 70 65
Fax: +7 (495) 984 56 42
www.dascom.com
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