.
Installation and User's Guide
Serial Attached SCSI RAID Controllers
Released
October 2016
Microsemi Corporate Headquarters
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Microsemi makes no warranty, representation, or guarantee regarding the information contained herein
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hereunder and any other products sold by Microsemi have been subject to limited testing and should not
be used in conjunction with mission-critical equipment or applications. Any performance specifications
are believed to be reliable but are not verified, and Buyer must conduct and complete all performance
and other testing of the products, alone and together with, or installed in, any end-products. Buyer shall
not rely on any data and performance specifications or parameters provided by Microsemi. It is the Buyer's
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CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3, October 2016
Revision History
Issue
Issue Date
Details of Change
1
April 2016
Update supported OSs; add backup unit status, SGPIO/IPBI LED blink pattern, DKMS drivers, misc corrections.
2
September Update supported OSs, Installing driver on Solaris, and Technical Specification.
2016
3
October
2016
Add support for 8405E and 8805E SAS RAID controllers.
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
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Contents
Microsemi Adaptec® Product Support...........................................................................................10
Limited 3-Year Hardware Warranty...............................................................................................11
Regulatory Compliance Statements...............................................................................................12
1 About This Guide........................................................................................................................15
1.1 What You Need to Know Before You Begin.................................................................................................15
1.2 Terminology Used in this Guide..................................................................................................................15
1.3 How to Find More Information...................................................................................................................15
2 Kit Contents and System Requirements.....................................................................................17
2.1 Kit Contents................................................................................................................................................17
2.2 System Requirements ................................................................................................................................17
3 About Your RAID Controller.......................................................................................................18
3.1 Standard RAID Controller Features.............................................................................................................18
3.1.1 Array-level Features......................................................................................................................18
3.1.2 Advanced Data Protection Suite...................................................................................................18
3.2 Adding a Flash Backup Module...................................................................................................................19
3.3 Upgrading the Controller Firmware............................................................................................................19
3.4 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405..................................................................................................20
3.5 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6445..................................................................................................21
3.6 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805/6805Q......................................................................................22
3.7 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405E................................................................................................23
3.8 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805E/6805E R5................................................................................24
3.9 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405T................................................................................................25
3.10 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805T/6805TQ................................................................................26
3.11 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 7805/7805Q....................................................................................27
3.12 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 71605/71605Q................................................................................28
3.13 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 71605E............................................................................................29
3.14 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 71685..............................................................................................30
3.15 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 72405..............................................................................................31
3.16 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 78165..............................................................................................32
3.17 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8405................................................................................................33
3.18 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8405E..............................................................................................34
3.19 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8805................................................................................................35
3.20 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8805E..............................................................................................36
3.21 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8885/8885Q ...................................................................................37
3.22 About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 81605Z/81605ZQ............................................................................38
4 Getting Started...........................................................................................................................39
4.1 Choosing a RAID Level.................................................................................................................................39
4.2 Selecting Disk Drives and Cables ................................................................................................................39
4.2.1 Disk Drives....................................................................................................................................39
4.2.2 Cables...........................................................................................................................................39
4.3 Replacing the Full-Height Bracket with a Low-Profile Bracket....................................................................41
4.4 Installation Options.....................................................................................................................................42
4.5 Basic Installation Steps................................................................................................................................42
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4.5.1 Installing with an Operating System.............................................................................................43
4.5.2 Installing on an Existing Operating System...................................................................................43
5 Installing the Controller and Disk Drives....................................................................................44
5.1 Before You Begin.........................................................................................................................................44
5.2 Installing the Controller..............................................................................................................................44
5.2.1 Installing a RAID Controller without Zero Maintenance Cache Protection...................................44
5.2.2 Installing a RAID Controller with Zero Maintenance Cache Protection .......................................45
5.3 Connecting Disk Drives to Your Controllers................................................................................................48
5.3.1 Connecting Drives Directly to the Controller................................................................................48
5.3.2 Connecting Drives to a System Backplane....................................................................................49
5.3.3 Connecting Solid State Drives (SSDs) ...........................................................................................49
5.4 Connecting External Devices ......................................................................................................................50
5.5 Next Steps...................................................................................................................................................51
6 Creating a Bootable Array .........................................................................................................52
6.1 Setting the Boot Controller.........................................................................................................................52
6.2 Creating an Array........................................................................................................................................52
6.2.1 Creating an Array with the ARC Utility..........................................................................................52
6.2.2 Creating an Array with maxView Storage Manager......................................................................53
6.3 Making Your Array Bootable.......................................................................................................................55
7 Installing the Driver and an Operating System ..........................................................................56
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
Before You Begin.........................................................................................................................................56
Creating a Driver Disk.................................................................................................................................56
Installing with Windows .............................................................................................................................57
Installing with Red Hat Linux or CentOS.....................................................................................................57
Installing with SuSE Linux Enterprise Server ..............................................................................................57
Installing with Fedora Linux........................................................................................................................58
Installing with Debian Linux........................................................................................................................59
Installing with Ubuntu Linux.......................................................................................................................60
Installing with Solaris..................................................................................................................................60
7.9.1 Installing with Solaris 10 U9.........................................................................................................61
7.9.2 Installing with Solaris 11...............................................................................................................61
7.10 Installing with FreeBSD ............................................................................................................................62
7.11 Installing with VMware ............................................................................................................................63
7.12 Installing with Citrix XenServer ................................................................................................................64
8 Installing the Driver on an Existing Operating System ..............................................................65
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
Before You Begin.........................................................................................................................................65
Creating a Driver Disk.................................................................................................................................65
Installing on Windows ................................................................................................................................65
Installing on Red Hat, CentOS, SuSE, or Fedora Linux.................................................................................66
Installing on Ubuntu Linux..........................................................................................................................66
Installing on Solaris ....................................................................................................................................67
8.6.1 Installing on Existing Solaris 10 U9...............................................................................................67
8.6.2 Installing on Existing Solaris 11.....................................................................................................67
8.7 Installing on FreeBSD .................................................................................................................................68
8.8 Installing on VMware..................................................................................................................................68
8.9 Installing on Citrix XenServer......................................................................................................................69
9 Managing Your Storage Space....................................................................................................70
9.1 About maxView Storage Manager..............................................................................................................70
9.1.1 Installing maxView Storage Manager...........................................................................................70
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9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID Controller Configuration Utility.........................................................70
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility..........................................................................70
About the Adaptec Flash Utility..................................................................................................................71
Which Utility Should I Use?........................................................................................................................71
10 Solving Problems .....................................................................................................................72
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
Troubleshooting Checklist.........................................................................................................................72
Monitoring Disk Drives Status...................................................................................................................72
Silencing the Alarm ..................................................................................................................................72
Recovering from a Disk Drive Failure .......................................................................................................72
10.4.1 Failed Disk Drive Protected by a Hot Spare ...............................................................................73
10.4.2 Failed Disk Drive Not Protected by a Hot Spare .........................................................................73
10.4.3 Failure in Multiple Arrays Simultaneously .................................................................................73
10.4.4 Disk Drive Failure in a RAID 0 Array ...........................................................................................73
10.4.5 Multiple Failures in the Same Array ...........................................................................................73
10.4.6 Failed SSD in maxCache Device..................................................................................................74
10.5 Resetting the Controller ...........................................................................................................................74
Appendix A Introduction to SAS....................................................................................................75
A.1 Terminology Used in This Appendix ...........................................................................................................75
A.2 What is SAS?...............................................................................................................................................75
A.3 How Do SAS Devices Communicate?..........................................................................................................75
A.4 What’s a Phy?.............................................................................................................................................76
A.5 What’s a SAS Port?.....................................................................................................................................76
A.6 What’s a SAS Address?...............................................................................................................................76
A.7 What’s a SAS Connector?...........................................................................................................................77
A.8 What do SAS Cables Look Like?..................................................................................................................77
A.9 How are Disk Drives Identified in SAS? ......................................................................................................77
A.10 What are the SAS Connection Options?...................................................................................................77
A.10.1 Direct-attach Connections..........................................................................................................77
A.10.2 Backplane Connections..............................................................................................................78
A.10.3 SAS Expander Connections.........................................................................................................78
A.11 How is SAS Different from Parallel SCSI? .................................................................................................79
Appendix B Understanding RAID..................................................................................................80
B.1 Understanding Drive Segments..................................................................................................................80
B.2 Non-redundant Arrays (RAID 0)..................................................................................................................80
B.3 RAID 1 Arrays .............................................................................................................................................81
B.4 RAID 1 Enhanced Arrays.............................................................................................................................81
B.5 RAID 10 Arrays............................................................................................................................................82
B.6 RAID 5 Arrays..............................................................................................................................................83
B.7 RAID 5EE Arrays..........................................................................................................................................84
B.8 RAID 50 Arrays............................................................................................................................................85
B.9 RAID 6 Arrays..............................................................................................................................................86
B.10 RAID 60 Arrays..........................................................................................................................................86
B.11 Comparing RAID Levels.............................................................................................................................87
Appendix C Using the Microsemi Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility.........................................88
C.1 Introduction to the ARC Utility...................................................................................................................88
C.1.1 Ctrl-A or uEFI/HII? ........................................................................................................................88
C.1.2 Running the ARC Utility................................................................................................................88
C.2 Using the ARC Utility to Create and Manage Arrays...................................................................................89
C.2.1 Creating a New Array....................................................................................................................89
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C.2.2 Managing Existing Arrays..............................................................................................................89
C.2.2.1 Creating Bootable Arrays................................................................................................89
C.2.2.2 Modifying Power Management Settings........................................................................90
C.2.2.3 Modifying Cache Settings...............................................................................................90
C.2.3 Initializing Disk Drives...................................................................................................................91
C.2.4 Rescanning Disk Drives.................................................................................................................91
C.2.5 Secure Erasing Disk Drives............................................................................................................91
C.2.5.1 Stopping a Secure Erase.................................................................................................91
C.2.6 Uninitializing Disk Drives..............................................................................................................91
C.2.7 Managing Global Hot Spares........................................................................................................92
C.2.8 Creating and Managing JBODs.....................................................................................................92
C.2.8.1 Creating a New JBOD......................................................................................................92
C.2.8.2 Managing Existing JBODs...............................................................................................92
C.2.8.3 Converting a JBOD Into a Simple Volume.......................................................................92
C.2.9 Managing the maxCache Pool......................................................................................................92
C.3 Using the ARC Utility to Modify Controller Settings...................................................................................93
C.3.1 Opening the Controller Settings Tool ...........................................................................................93
C.3.2 Applying Changes and Exiting.......................................................................................................93
C.3.3 Modifying Your Controller’s Configuration...................................................................................93
C.3.3.1 General Controller Settings ...........................................................................................93
C.3.3.2 Power Management Settings.........................................................................................96
C.3.3.3 Preserving the Controller Cache.....................................................................................96
C.3.3.3.1 Enabling and Disabling Controller Cache Preservation ...................................97
C.3.3.3.2 Clearing the Controller Cache .........................................................................97
C.3.3.3.3 Checking the Cache Preservation Status..........................................................97
C.3.4 Checking Backup Unit Status........................................................................................................97
C.4 Formatting and Verifying Disk Drives..........................................................................................................98
C.5 Locating Disk Drives....................................................................................................................................98
C.6 Identifying Disk Drives ...............................................................................................................................98
C.7 Setting the Drive Write-Cache Policy..........................................................................................................99
C.8 Updating the Controller Firmware..............................................................................................................99
C.9 Updating the Controller CPLD...................................................................................................................100
C.10 Creating a Support Archive.....................................................................................................................100
C.11 Viewing the Event Log ............................................................................................................................100
Appendix D Using the Adaptec Flash Utility...............................................................................102
D.1 System Requirements...............................................................................................................................102
D.1.1 Compatibility Notes....................................................................................................................102
D.2 Before You Begin......................................................................................................................................102
D.2.1 Obtaining the Firmware.............................................................................................................102
D.2.2 Creating the Firmware Update Disk ..........................................................................................102
D.3 Running the Menu-based AFU.................................................................................................................103
D.4 Running the AFU from the Command Line...............................................................................................103
D.4.1 AFU Commands..........................................................................................................................103
D.4.1.1 List................................................................................................................................104
D.4.1.2 Save..............................................................................................................................104
D.4.1.3 Update.........................................................................................................................104
D.4.1.4 Verify............................................................................................................................105
D.4.1.5 Version.........................................................................................................................105
D.4.1.6 Help..............................................................................................................................105
D.5 Updating the Flash Using the AFU Command Line...................................................................................105
Appendix E Controller LED, I2C, and Alarm Connector Quick Reference....................................107
E.1 Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405/6445 LED and I2C Connector Specification.............................................107
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E.2
E.3
E.4
E.5
E.6
E.7
E.8
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805/6805Q LED and I2C Connector Specification..........................................108
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405E LED Connector Specification.................................................................110
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805E/6805E R5 LED Connector Specification.................................................110
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405T LED Connector Specification.................................................................112
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805T/6805TQ LED Connector Specification...................................................113
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 7805/7805Q/71605/71605Q/71605E Alarm Connector Specification............114
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 71685/72405/78165 Alarm Connector Specification......................................114
Appendix F Safety Information...................................................................................................116
F.1 Electrostatic Discharge (ESD).....................................................................................................................116
Appendix G Technical Specifications...........................................................................................117
G.1
G.2
G.3
G.4
Environmental Specifications...................................................................................................................117
DC Power Requirements...........................................................................................................................117
Current Requirements .............................................................................................................................117
Supercapacitor Ratings ............................................................................................................................118
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List of Tables
Table 1 • IBPI LED Blink Pattern ...............................................................................................................................94
Table 2 • SGPIO LED Blink Pattern ...........................................................................................................................95
Table 3 • Backup Unit Status ...................................................................................................................................98
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
9
Microsemi Adaptec® Product Support
If you have questions about installing or using your Microsemi Adaptec® product, check this document
first—you will find answers to most of your questions. If you need further assistance, use the support
options listed below. To expedite your service, have your computer in front of you.
Note: Please visit the Support section of www.adaptec.com for the most up to date contact
information.
Self Help and Support in English
• Visit our Web site at www.adaptec.com.
• Search the Adaptec Support Knowledgebase (ASK) at ask.adaptec.com for articles, troubleshooting
tips, and frequently asked questions for your product.
• For support via e-mail, submit your question at ask.adaptec.com.
• To contact Technical Support, visit our product support site at start.adaptec.com and click on
"Contact Support" for options.
Technische Informationen und Support in Deutsch
• Besuchen Sie unsere Webseite www.adaptec.com/de-de
• Suchen Sie in der Adaptec Support Knowledgebase (ASK) unter ask-de.adaptec.com nach Artikeln,
Tipps zur Fehlerbehebung und häufig gestellten Fragen zu Ihrem Produkt.
• Support per Email erhalten Sie unter ask-de.adaptec.com.
• Um den Technischen Support zu kontaktieren, besuchen Sie uns bitte unter start.adaptec.com und
klicken Sie auf „Support kontaktieren“, für Auswahlmöglichkeiten.
Техническая поддержка и информация на русском языке
• Посещаете наш сайт www.adaptec.com/ru-ru/.
• База знаний Adaptec (ASK) на сайте ask-ru.adaptec.com ask-ru.adaptec.com – статьи, советы по
устранению неисправностей и часто задаваемые вопросы о Вашем продукте.
• Для поддержки по электронной почте отправьте Ваш запрос на сайте ask-ru.adaptec.com
• Для обращения в службу Технической Поддержки, пожалуйста, посетите наш web сайт
start.adaptec.com и используйте ссылку "Contact Support".
日本語での技術情報とサポート
• 弊社のウェブサイト、www.adaptec.com/ja-jp をご覧ください。
• ask.adaptec.co.jp のAdaptec Support Knowledgebase (ASK)で、お使いの製品の情報 トラブルシュー
ティングのヒント、よくある質問を検索してください。
• Eメールでのサポートには ask.adaptec.co.jp から質問を送ってください。
• テクニカルサポートへコンタクトするには、弊社ウェブサイトstart.adaptec.comをご覧になり、"Contact
Support“をクリックして下さい。
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
10
Limited 3-Year Hardware Warranty
1. Microsemi Corporation (“Microsemi”) warrants to the purchaser of this product that it will be free
from defects in material and workmanship for a period of three (3) years from the date of purchase.
If the product should become defective within the warranty period, Microsemi, at its option, will
repair or replace the product, or refund the purchaser's purchase price for the product, provided it
is delivered at the purchaser's expense to an authorized Microsemi service facility or to Microsemi.
2. Repair or replacement parts or products will be furnished on an exchange basis and will either be
new or reconditioned and will be subject to original warranty term. All replaced parts or products
shall become the property of Microsemi. This warranty shall not apply if the product has been
damaged by accident, misuse, abuse or as a result of unauthorized service or parts.
3. Warranty service is available to the purchaser by delivering the product during the warranty period
to an authorized Microsemi service facility or to Microsemi and providing proof of purchase price
and date. The purchaser shall bear all shipping, packing, and insurance costs and all other costs,
excluding labor and parts, necessary to effectuate repair, replacement or refund under this warranty.
4. For more information on how to obtain warranty service, click on the Services & Support link at
microsemi.com.
5. THIS LIMITED WARRANTY DOES NOT EXTEND TO ANY PRODUCT WHICH HAS BEEN DAMAGED AS A
RESULT OF ACCIDENT, MISUSE, ABUSE, OR AS A RESULT OF UNAUTHORIZED SERVICE OR PARTS.
6. THIS WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER EXPRESS WARRANTIES WHICH NOW OR HEREAFTER MIGHT
OTHERWISE ARISE RESPECT TO THIS PRODUCT. IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING THOSE OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT SHALL (A)
HAVE NO GREATER DURATION THAN 3 YEARS FROM THE DATE OF PURCHASE, (B) TERMINATE
AUTOMATICALLY AT THE EXPIRATION OF SUCH PERIOD AND (C) TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW
BE EXCLUDED. IN THE EVENT THIS PRODUCT BECOMES DEFECTIVE DURING THE WARRANTY PERIOD,
THE PURCHASER'S EXCLUSIVE REMEDY SHALL BE REPAIR, REPLACEMENT OR REFUND AS PROVIDED
ABOVE. INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION LOSS OF
DATA, ARISING FROM BREACH OF ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY ARE NOT THE RESPONSIBILITY
OF MICROSEMI AND, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, ARE HEREBY EXCLUDED BOTH FOR
PROPERTY DAMAGE, AND TO THE EXTENT NOT UNCONSCIONABLE, FOR PERSONAL INJURY DAMAGE.
7. WITHIN THE US, SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS, AND SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW
LIMITATIONS ON HOW LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY LASTS, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION OR
EXCLUSIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
8. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, AND YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER RIGHTS
WHICH VARY DEPENDING ON WHERE YOU RESIDE.
9. FOR AUSTRALIA RESIDENTS, IF THE PRODUCT SHOULD BECOME DEFECTIVE WITHIN THE WARRANTY
PERIOD, MICROSEMI, AT ITS OPTION, WILL REPAIR OR REPLACE THE PRODUCT, OR REFUND THE
PURCHASER'S PURCHASE FOR THE PRODUCT, PROVIDED IT IS DELIVERED AT THE PURCHASER'S
EXPENSE BACK TO THE PLACE OF PURCHASE AFTER MICROSEMI TECHNICAL SUPPORT HAS ISSUED
AN INCIDENT NUMBER. IN ADDITION TO THE WARRANTIES SET FORTH HEREIN, OUR GOODS COME
WITH GUARANTEES THAT CANNOT BE EXCLUDED UNDER THE AUSTRALIAN CONSUMER LAW. YOU
ARE ENTITLED TO A REPLACEMENT OR REFUND FOR A MAJOR FAILURE AND FOR COMPENSATION
FOR ANY OTHER REASONABLY FORESEEABLE LOSS OR DAMAGE. YOU ARE ALSO ENTITLED TO HAVE
THE GOODS REPAIRED OR REPLACED IF THE GOODS FAIL TO BE OF ACCEPTABLE QUALITY AND THE
FAILURE DOES NOT AMOUNT TO A MAJOR FAILURE.
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
11
Regulatory Compliance Statements
Federal Communications Commission Radio Frequency Interference Statement
Attention: Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible
for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant
to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy, and if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur
in a particular installation. However, if this equipment does cause interference to radio or television
equipment reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for help.
• Use a shielded and properly grounded I/O cable and power cable to ensure compliance of this unit
to the specified limits of the rules.
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
UL Compliance Statement
Microsemi Adaptec products are tested and listed by Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. to UL 60950-1
Second Edition and IEC-60950-1 Second Edition standards, file numbers E175975. Microsemi Adaptec
products are for use only with UL listed ITE.
Microsemi Corporation
Use only with the listed ITE:
ASR-6405/ASR-6445/ASR-6805/
ASR-6405E/ASR-6805E/ASR-6805E R5/ASR-6805Q/
ASR-6405T/ASR-6805T/ASR-6805TQ/
ASR-7805/ASR-7805Q/ASR-71605/
ASR-71605E/ASR-71605Q/ASR-71685/
ASR-72405/ASR-78165/
ASR-8405/ASR-8405E/ASR-8805/ASR-8805E/ASR-8885/
ASR-8885Q/ASR-81605Z/ASR-81605ZQ/
AFM-700
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
12
European Union Compliance Statement
This Information Technology Equipment has been tested and found to comply with EMC Directive 89/3
36/EEC, as amended by 92/31/EEC and 93/68/EEC, in accordance with:
• EN55032 (2014) Emissions:
• Class B ITE radiated and conducted emissions
•
EN55024 (2010) Immunity:
• EN61000-4-2 (2009) Electrostatic discharge: ±4 kV contact, ±8 kV air
• EN61000-4-3 (2010) Radiated immunity: 3V/m
• EN61000-4-4 (2012) Electrical fast transients/burst: ±1 kV AC, ±0.5 kV I/O
• EN61000-4-5 (2014) Surges: ±1 kV differential mode, ±2 kV common mode
• EN61000-4-6 (2014) Conducted immunity: 3 V
• EN61000-4-11 (2004) Supply dips and variations: 30% and 100%
•
EN50581 (2012) Technical Documentation:
• For the assessment of electrical and electronic products with respect to the restriction of hazardous substances
In addition, all equipment requiring U.L. listing has been found to comply with EMC Directive 73/23/EEC
as amended by 93/68/EEC in accordance with EN60950 with amendments A1, A2, A3, A4, A11, A12.
Australian/New Zealand Compliance Statement
This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to
the Australian/New Zealand standard AS/NZS 3548 set out by the Spectrum Management Agency.
Canadian Compliance Statement
This Class B digital apparatus meets all requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment
Regulations.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B respecte toutes les exigences du Règlement sur le matériel brouilleur
du Canada.
Japanese Compliance (Voluntary Control Council Initiative)
This equipment complies to class B Information Technology equipment based on VCCI (Voluntary Control
Council for Interface). This equipment is designed for home use but it may causes radio frequency interference problem if used too near to a television or radio. Please handle it correctly per this documentation.
Korean Compliance (KCC) Statement
Microsemi Adaptec products are tested and certified by KCC:
KCC-REM-KHK-ASR-6xx5
KCC-REM-KHK-ASR-7xxx5
MSIP-REM-KHK-ASR-8xxx5
The above certification covers the following series:
ASR-6805, ASR-6445, ASR-6405
ASR-6805E, ASR-6405E, ASR-6805Q
ASR-6805T, ASR-6405T, ASR-6805TQ
ASR-7805, ASR-7805Q, ASR-71605
ASR-71605E, ASR-71605Q
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ASR-71685, ASR-72405, ASR-78165
ASR-8405, ASR-8405E, ASR-8805, ASR-8805E, ASR-8885
ASR-8885Q, ASR-81605Z, ASR-81605ZQ
AFM-700
This equipment is home use (Class B) electromagnetic wave suitability equipment and to be used mainly
at home and it can be used in all areas.
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
14
About This Guide
1
About This Guide
This Installation and User's Guide explains how to install your Microsemi® Adaptec® RAID controller. It
also describes the utilities included in your controller kit, and provides a basic overview of Serial Attached
SCSI (SAS) and Redundant Array of Independent Disk (RAID) technology.
These Microsemi Adaptec Serial Attached SCSI RAID (ASR) controller models are described in this guide:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1.1
ASR-6405, ASR-6405E, ASR-6405T
ASR-6445
ASR-6805, ASR-6805Q, ASR-6805E, ASR-6805E R5, ASR-6805T, ASR-6805TQ
ASR-7805, ASR-7805Q
ASR-71605, ASR-71605E, ASR-71605Q
ASR-71685
ASR-72405
ASR-78165
ASR-8405, ASR-8405E
ASR-8805, ASR-8805E
ASR-8885, ASR-8885Q
ASR-81605Z, ASR-81605ZQ
What You Need to Know Before You Begin
You should be familiar with computer hardware, data storage, RAID technology, and SAS and Serial ATA
(SATA) technology. (For more information about SAS technology, see Introduction to SAS on page 75.)
You should also be familiar with direct-attached storage (DAS) concepts and technology.
Note: Because this guide covers multiple Microsemi Adaptec RAID products, some of the features
and functions described may not be available for your controller. For more information, see About
Your RAID Controller on page 18.
1.2
Terminology Used in this Guide
Because you can use your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller to manage data storage in a variety of
configurations, the generic term “storage space” is used to refer to controller(s) and disk drives being
managed with Microsemi Adaptec maxView Storage Manager™ (called simply maxView Storage Manager
in the remainder of this guide) or the other utilities described in this guide.
Many of the terms and concepts referred to in this guide are known to computer users by multiple
names. This guide uses these terms:
•
•
•
•
•
1.3
Controller (also known as adapter, board, or card)
Disk drive (also known as hard disk, hard drive, or hard disk drive)
Solid State Drive (also known as SSD or non-rotating storage media)
Enclosure (also known as a RAID enclosure, storage enclosure, or disk drive enclosure)
Array (also known as a container, logical device, or logical drive)
Note: maxView Storage Manager refers to arrays as logical drives. Your RAID controller
creates arrays, which your operating system (and maxView Storage Manager) recognizes as
logical drives. For more information, refer to the maxView Storage Manager User’s Guide.
How to Find More Information
You can find more information about your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller and utilities software by
referring to these documents, available for download at start.adaptec.com.
• Readme.txt—Includes updated product information and known issues.
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About This Guide
• maxView Storage Manager User’s Guide for Microsemi ARC-Family Controllers—Describes how to
install and use the maxView Storage Manager software (see About maxView Storage Manager on
page 70) to manage direct attached storage on Microsemi Adaptec Series 6/7/8 controllers.
Note: In the remainder of this guide, this manual is referred to simply as the maxView Storage
Manager User's Guide.
• maxView Storage Manager Online Help—Describes how to use the maxView Storage Manager
software; accessible from the main window of maxView Storage Manager.
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID Controller Command Line Utility User's Guide—Describes how to use the
included Microsemi Adaptec RAID Controller Configuration (ARCCONF) command line utility (see
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID Controller Configuration Utility on page 70) to perform basic
array and configuration management functions.
• Microsemi Adaptec Event Monitor User's Guide—Describes how to use the Event Monitor utility
to monitor the Microsemi Adaptec storage controllers installed on your system
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Kit Contents and System Requirements
2
Kit Contents and System Requirements
This chapter describes the contents of your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller kit and the system
requirements that must be met for you to successfully install and use your controller.
2.1
Kit Contents
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller
• Cables (Not included in Microsemi Adaptec 'Single' product. If your kit includes cables, the type
and quantity vary—for more information, see Cables on page 39.)
• (Select models only) Low-profile bracket
Note: The latest firmware, controller drivers, utilities (maxView Storage Manager, ARCCONF CLI)
and documentation can be downloaded at start.adaptec.com. See Creating a Driver Disk on page
56 for information about downloading drivers.
2.2
System Requirements
• PC-compatible computer with Intel Pentium, or equivalent, processor
• Motherboard with these features:
• Support for multi-function devices where one of the devices is a PCI bridge
• Large memory-mapped address ranges
Refer to the Readme for additional motherboard compatibility information.
• One of these operating systems:
• Microsoft® Windows® Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2 (64-bit), Windows Server 2012
(64-bit), Windows Server 2008 R2, R2 SP1 (64-bit), Windows SBS 2011 Standard and Essential
(64-bit), Windows 7, Windows 8.x, Windows 10, Windows PE 5.x, 8.1 (64-bit)
• Red Hat® Enterprise Linux 7.2, 7.1, 6.7, 6.6, 5.11, 5.10 (64-bit)
• SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 12, 12 SP1, 11 SP3 and SP4 (64-bit)
• FreeBSD 10.2, 9.3 (64-bit)
• Debian Linux 8.1, 8.3 (64-bit)
• Ubuntu Linux 16.04, 14.04.3, 14.04.2, 12.04.5 (64-bit)
• Fedora Linux 22, 23 (64-bit)
• CentOS 7.3, 7.2, 7.1, 6.7, 6.6, 5.11, 5.10 (64-bit)
• vSphere 6.0, 6.0 U2
• Solaris 11, 10 U9 (64-bit)
• VMware ESXi 6.0, VMware ESXi 5.5 U2, 5.5 U3 (64-bit)
• Citrix XenServer 6.5.1 (64-bit)
•
•
•
•
Note: Refer to the Readme for up-to-date operating system version support, or check the
Knowledgebase at www.adaptec.com. From the main menu, select Support>Knowledgebase>
Answers>Advanced Search. Select your controller, limit the category by OS Support, then
click Search.
4 GB of RAM minimum
Available compatible PCIe slot (depending on your controller model—see the descriptions in About
Your RAID Controller on page 18)
350 MB of free disk drive space
USB flash drive or CD burner, for creating driver disks and bootable media
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About Your RAID Controller
3
About Your RAID Controller
This chapter provides an overview of the features of your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller.
3.1
Standard RAID Controller Features
• Support for SAS and SATA Hard Disk Drives (HDD) and Solid State Drives (SSD)
• Flash ROM for updates to controller firmware, BIOS, and the Microsemi Adaptec RAID Configuration
utility
• Disk drive hot-swapping
• Event logging and broadcasting, including email notification messages
• Multiple options for creating and managing RAID arrays—A browser-based software application
(maxView Storage Manager), a BIOS-based utility (ARC), a command line utility (ARCCONF) (see
Managing Your Storage Space on page 70)
• Native command queuing (NCQ), which lets disk drives arrange commands into the most efficient
order for optimum performance
• Support for disk drive enclosures with SES2 enclosure management hardware
• Support for a flash backup module (see Adding a Flash Backup Module on page 19)
• Support for Microsemi Adaptec maxCache™ SSD read and write caching (see Modifying Cache
Settings on page 90)
Note: maxCache is supported on Microsemi Adaptec Series Q controllers only.
• Power-management of disk drives in your storage space to reduce cooling and electricity costs (see
Modifying Power Management Settings on page 90)
• Audible alarm
• I/O statistics logging
3.1.1
Array-level Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
3.1.2
Note: Not all features are supported by all controllers. For more information, see the maxView
Storage Manager User's Guide.
Support for RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 5, RAID 10, RAID 50, and simple volumes
Support for hybrid RAID 1 and RAID 10 arrays comprised of hard drives and Solid State Drives (SSDs)
(Microsemi Adaptec Series 6 Controllers Only) Support for JBOD disks (appear as a physical disk
drives to the operating system; not redundant)
Support for hot spares (global and dedicated)
Support for automatic failover, so arrays are automatically rebuilt when a failed drive is replaced
(applies to redundant arrays in SES2- or SAF-TE-enabled disk drive enclosures only)
Optimized disk utilization, which ensures that the full capacity of all disk drives can be used, even
if the disk drives vary in size
Online capacity expansion, so you can increase the capacity of an array without recreating it
Support for array migration from one RAID level to another
Advanced Data Protection Suite
• Copyback Hot Spare—You can use this feature to move data from a hot spare back to its original
location after a failed disk drive is replaced.
• Striped Mirror (RAID 1E)—A RAID 1 Enhanced array is similar to a RAID 1 array except that data is
both mirrored and striped, and more disk drives can be included.
• (Microsemi Adaptec Series 6 Controllers Only) Hot Space (RAID 5EE)—A RAID 5EE array is similar
to a RAID 5 array except that it includes a distributed spare and must be built from a minimum of
four disk drives.
• Dual Drive Failure Protection (RAID 6)—A RAID 6 array is similar to a RAID 5 array except that it
includes two independent sets of parity data instead of one.
• Dual Drive Failure Protection (RAID 60)—A RAID 60 array is similar to a RAID 50 array except that
it includes four independent sets of parity data instead of two.
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About Your RAID Controller
3.2
Adding a Flash Backup Module
This table shows the flash backup module (or “zero maintenance cache protection”) supported by your
Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller. To purchase a flash backup module, visit www.adaptec.com.
RAID Controller
Flash Module
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805/6445/6405/6805T/6405T
Flash Backup Module AFM-600 with
Supercapacitor module (optional)
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805Q/6805TQ
Flash Backup Module AFM-600 with
Supercapacitor module (pre-installed)
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 7805/71605/71685/72405/78165/8405/8805 Flash Backup Module AFM-700 with
/8885
Supercapacitor module (optional)
3.3
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 7805Q/71605Q/8885Q
Flash Backup Module AFM-700 with
Supercapacitor module (pre-installed)
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 81605Z/81605ZQ
Flash Backup Module AFM-700 with
Supercapacitor module (integrated)
Upgrading the Controller Firmware
You can upgrade the firmware on your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller using the Adaptec Flash
Utility or from the computer's uEFI BIOS. Follow the instructions in Using_the_Adaptec_Flash_Utility
on page 102 or Updating the Controller Firmware on page 99. You can also upgrade the controller
firmware with maxView Storage Manager and the ARCCONF command-line utility. Refer to the maxView
Storage Manager User's Guide and the Microsemi Adaptec Command Line Interface User's Guide for
more information. If the firmware upgrade is unsuccessful, follow the instructions in Resetting the
Controller on page 74.
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About Your RAID Controller
3.4
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405 is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
Drive Activity LED connector f or CN0
I2C connector for CN0
Ext. Alarm connector
Aggregate Activity
HDA mode connector
Diagnostic LEDs
Activity LEDs
(back of card)
Daughterboard
Connector
Internal mini-SAS
connector CN0
PCIe x8 connector
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2
Bus compatibility
PCIe 2.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
6 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
4
Standard cache
512 MB DDR2
Connectors, internal
1 mini-SAS x4 (SFF-8087)
Maximum number of disk drives
4 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
Enclosure Support
I2C and SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
Microsemi Adaptec Flash Backup Module AFM-600 (optional; sold separately)
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About Your RAID Controller
3.5
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6445
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6445 is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2
Bus compatibility
PCIe 2.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
6 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
8
Standard cache
512 MB DDR2
Connectors
1 mini-SAS x4 (SFF-8087) internal
1 mini-SAS x4 (SFF-8088) external
Maximum number of disk drives
8 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
Enclosure Support
SES, I2C, and SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
Microsemi Adaptec Flash Backup Module AFM-600 (optional; sold separately)
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About Your RAID Controller
3.6
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805/6805Q
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805/6805Q is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2
Bus compatibility
PCIe 2.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
6 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
8
Standard cache
512 MB DDR2
Connectors, internal
2 mini-SAS x4 (SFF-8087)
Maximum number of disk drives
8 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
maxCache SSD support
6805Q: Up to 8 solid state drives, 1TB capacity, max. See the maxCache
compatibility list at www.adaptec.com/compatibility.
Enclosure Support
I2C and SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
Microsemi Adaptec Flash Backup Module AFM-600 (6805: optional,
sold separately; 6805Q: standard, pre-installed)
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About Your RAID Controller
3.7
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405E
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405E is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
Drive Activity LED connector for CN0
HDA mode connector
Ext. Alarmconnector
Aggregate Activity
PCIe x1 connector
Internal mini-SAS
connector CN0
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2 (reduced length: 5.12 inches)
Bus compatibility
PCIe 2.0
PCIe bus width
x1
Data transfer rate
6 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
4
Standard cache
128 MB DDR2
Connectors, internal
1 mini-SAS x4 (SFF-8087)
Maximum number of disk drives
4 direct-attached
Enclosure Support
SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
No
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About Your RAID Controller
3.8
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805E/6805E R5
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805E/6805E R5 is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
Drive Activity LED connector for CN0/CN1
HDA mode connector
Ext. Alarm connect or
Aggregate Activity
CN1
CN0
2 internal mini-SAS
connectors
PCIe x4 connector
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2 (reduced length: 6.1 inches)
Bus compatibility
PCIe 2.0
PCIe bus width
x4
Data transfer rate
6 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
8
Standard cache
128 MB DDR2
Connectors, internal
2 mini-SAS x4 (SFF-8087)
Maximum number of disk drives
8 direct-attached
Enclosure Support
SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
No
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About Your RAID Controller
3.9
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405T
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405T is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
Internal mini-SAS connector CN0
Drive Activity LED connectorfor CN0
Diagnostic/Activity LEDs
Ext. Alarm connector
HDA mode connector
Aggregate Activity
PCIe x8 connector
Daughterboard
connector
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2
Bus compatibility
PCIe 2.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
6 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
4
Standard cache
512 MB DDR2
Connectors, internal
1 mini-SAS x4 (SFF-8087)
Maximum number of disk drives
4 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
Enclosure Support
SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
Microsemi Adaptec Flash Backup Module AFM-600 (optional; sold separately)
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About Your RAID Controller
3.10
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805T/6805TQ
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805T/6805TQ is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
2 internal mini-SAS connectors
Drive Activity LED connector for CN0/CN1
Diagnostic/Activity LEDs
Ext. Alarm connector
HDA mode connector
Aggregate Activity
CN0
CN1
Daughterboard
connector
PCIe x8 connector
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2
Bus compatibility
PCIe 2.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
6 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
8
Standard cache
512 MB DDR2
Connectors, internal
2 mini-SAS x4 (SFF-8087)
Maximum number of disk drives
8 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
maxCache SSD support
6805TQ: Up to 8 solid state drives, 1TB capacity, max. See the maxCache
compatibility list at www.adaptec.com/compatibility.
Enclosure Support
SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
Microsemi Adaptec Flash Backup Module AFM-600 (6805T: optional,
sold separately; 6805TQ: standard, pre-installed)
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About Your RAID Controller
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 7805/7805Q
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 7805/7805Q is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
Ext. Alarm connector
HDA mode connector
CN1
2 internal mini-SAS HD connectors
CN0
3.11
Daughterboard
connector
PCIe x8 connector
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2
Bus compatibility
PCIe 3.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
6 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
8
Standard cache
1024 MB DDR3
Connectors, internal
2 mini-SAS HD x4 (SFF-8643)
Maximum number of disk drives
8 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
maxCache SSD support
7805Q: Up to 8 solid state drives, 2TB capacity, max. See the maxCache
compatibility list at www.adaptec.com/compatibility.
Enclosure Support
IBPI and SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
Microsemi Adaptec Flash Backup Module AFM-700 (7805: optional,
sold separately; 7805Q: standard, pre-installed)
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About Your RAID Controller
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 71605/71605Q
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 71605/71605Q is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
Ext. Alarm connector
HDA mode connector
CN3
CN2
CN1
4 internal mini-SAS HD connectors
CN0
3.12
Daughterboard
connector
PCIe x8 connector
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2
Bus compatibility
PCIe 3.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
6 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
16
Standard cache
1024 MB DDR3
Connectors, internal
4 mini-SAS HD x4 (SFF-8643)
Maximum number of disk drives
16 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
maxCache SSD support
71605Q: Up to 8 solid state drives, 2TB capacity, max. See the maxCache
compatibility list at www.adaptec.com/compatibility.
Enclosure Support
IBPI and SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
Microsemi Adaptec Flash Backup Module AFM-700 (71605: optional,
sold separately; 71605Q: standard, pre-installed)
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About Your RAID Controller
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 71605E
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 71605E is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
Ext. Alarm connector
HDA mode connector
CN3
CN2
CN1
4 internal mini-SAS HD connectors
CN0
3.13
PCIe x8 connector
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2
Bus compatibility
PCIe 3.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
6 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
16
Standard cache
256 MB DDR3
Connectors, internal
4 mini-SAS HD x4 (SFF-8643)
Maximum number of disk drives
16 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
Enclosure Support
IBPI and SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
No
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About Your RAID Controller
3.14
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 71685
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 71685 is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
4 internal mini-SAS HD connectors
Ext. Alarm
connector
HDA mode
connector
2 external
mini-SAS HD
connectors
Daughterboard
connector
PCIe x8 connector
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Full Height, Half Length
Bus compatibility
PCIe 3.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
6 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
24
Standard cache
1024 MB DDR3
Connectors, internal
4 mini-SAS HD x4 (SFF-8643)
Connectors, external
2 mini-SAS HD x4 (SFF-8644)
Maximum number of disk drives
24 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
Enclosure Support
IBPI and SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
Microsemi Adaptec Flash Backup Module AFM-700 (optional, sold
separately)
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About Your RAID Controller
3.15
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 72405
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 72405 is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
4 internal mini-SAS
HD connectors
2 internal mini-SAS
HD connectors
HDA mode
connector
Ext. Alarm
connector
Daughterboard
connector
PCIe x8 connector
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Full Height, Half Length
Bus compatibility
PCIe 3.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
6 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
24
Standard cache
1024 MB DDR3
Connectors, internal
6 mini-SAS HD x4 (SFF-8643)
Maximum number of disk drives
24 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
Enclosure Support
IBPI and SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
Microsemi Adaptec Flash Backup Module AFM-700 (optional, sold
separately)
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About Your RAID Controller
3.16
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 78165
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 78165 is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
2 internal mini-SAS HD connectors
HDA mode
connector
Ext. Alarm
connector
4 external
mini-SAS HD
connectors
3
Daughterboard
connector
2
PCIe x8 connector
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2
Bus compatibility
PCIe 3.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
6 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
24
Standard cache
1024 MB DDR3
Connectors, internal
2 mini-SAS HD x4 (SFF-8643)
Connectors, external
4 mini-SAS HD x4 (SFF-8644)
Maximum number of disk drives
24 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
Enclosure Support
IBPI and SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
Microsemi Adaptec Flash Backup Module AFM-700 (optional, sold
separately)
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About Your RAID Controller
3.17
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8405
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8405 is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
1 internal mini-SAS HD connector
PCIe x8 connector
HDA mode connector
Daughterboard
connector
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2
Bus compatibility
PCIe 3.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
12 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
4
Standard cache
1024 MB DDR3
Connectors, internal
1 mini-SAS HD x4 (SFF-8643)
Maximum number of disk drives
4 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
Enclosure Support
IBPI and SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
Microsemi Adaptec Flash Backup Module AFM-700 (optional, sold
separately)
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About Your RAID Controller
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8405E
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8405E is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
1 internal mini-SAS HD connector
CNO
3.18
PCIe x8 connector
HDA mode connector
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2
Bus compatibility
PCIe 3.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
12 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
4
Standard cache
1024 MB DDR3
Connectors, internal
1 mini-SAS HD x4 (SFF-8643)
Maximum number of disk drives
4 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
Enclosure Support
IBPI and SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
No
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About Your RAID Controller
3.19
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8805
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8805 is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
2 internal mini-SAS HD connectors
PCIe x8 connector
Daughterboard
connector
HDA mode connector
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2
Bus compatibility
PCIe 3.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
12 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
8
Standard cache
1024 MB DDR3
Connectors, internal
2 mini-SAS HD x4 (SFF-8643)
Maximum number of disk drives
8 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
Enclosure Support
IBPI and SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
Microsemi Adaptec Flash Backup Module AFM-700 (optional, sold
separately)
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About Your RAID Controller
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8805E
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8805E is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
CN1
2 internal mini-SAS HD connectors
CNO
3.20
PCIe x8 connector
HDA mode connector
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2
Bus compatibility
PCIe 3.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
12 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
8
Standard cache
1024 MB DDR3
Connectors, internal
2 mini-SAS HD x4 (SFF-8643)
Maximum number of disk drives
8 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
Enclosure Support
IBPI and SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
No
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About Your RAID Controller
3.21
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8885/8885Q
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8885/8885Q is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
2 internal mini-SAS HD connectors
2 external
mini-SAS HD
connectors
Daughterboard
connector
PCIe x8 connector
HDA mode connector
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2
Bus compatibility
PCIe 3.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
12 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
16
Standard cache
1024 MB DDR3
Connectors, internal
2 mini-SAS HD x4 (SFF-8643)
Connectors, external
2 mini-SAS HD x4 (SFF-8644)
Maximum number of disk drives
16 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
maxCache SSD support
8885Q: Up to 8 solid state drives, 2TB capacity, max. See the maxCache
compatibility list at www.adaptec.com/compatibility.
Enclosure Support
IBPI and SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
Microsemi Adaptec Flash Backup Module AFM-700 (8885: optional,
sold separately; 8885Q: standard, pre-installed)
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About Your RAID Controller
3.22
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID 81605Z/81605ZQ
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID 81605Z/81605ZQ is a SAS RAID controller with these features:
2 internal mini-SAS HD connectors
Stiffener (back of board)
2 internal
mini-SAS HD
connectors
Reserved
HDA mode
connector
PCIe x8 connector
Flash backup
module
connector
Mounting bracket
Form Factor
Low-profile MD2
Bus compatibility
PCIe 3.0
PCIe bus width
x8
Data transfer rate
12 Gb/s per port
Phys (Unified Serial Ports)
16
Standard cache
1024 MB DDR3
Connectors, internal
4 mini-SAS HD x4 (SFF-8643)
Maximum number of disk drives
16 direct-attached (or up to 256 with expanders)
maxCache SSD support
81605ZQ: Up to 8 solid state drives, 2TB capacity, max. See the maxCache compatibility list at www.adaptec.com/compatibility.
Enclosure Support
IBPI and SGPIO (Serial General Purpose Input/Output)
Onboard speaker
Yes
Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Module
Integrated Microsemi Adaptec Flash Backup Module AFM-700
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Getting Started
4
Getting Started
This chapter provides the basic information you need to set up your disk drives and arrays the way you
want them. It describes the options you have for installing your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller and
disk drives and creating arrays for storage. It also describes how to prepare your controller for installation
into a low-profile computer cabinet.
4.1
Choosing a RAID Level
This section provides a brief overview of the RAID levels supported by your Microsemi Adaptec RAID
controller, including the minimum and maximum number of disk drives required by each.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Note: Before you begin, familiarize yourself with your controller's physical features and the RAID
levels that it supports (see Standard RAID Controller Features on page 18).
RAID 0 (Non-redundant Array)—Stripes data across multiple disk drives. Improved performance
but no redundancy (see RAID 0 on page 80).
RAID 1 Array—Created from two disk drives where one disk drive is a mirror of the other (the same
data is stored on each disk drive). Redundancy, but reduced capacity (see RAID 1 on page 81).
RAID 1E Array—Similar to a RAID 1 array except that data is mirrored and striped, and more disk
drives can be included (see RAID 1E on page 81).
RAID 5 Array—Stripes data for improved performance and uses parity data to provide redundancy
(see RAID 5 on page 83).
(Microsemi Adaptec Series 6 Controllers Only) RAID 5EE Array—Similar to a RAID 5 array, but includes
a distributed spare and must include a minimum of four disk drives (see RAID 5EE on page 84).
RAID 10 Array—Built from two or more equal-sized RAID 1 arrays, stripes and mirrors data across
multiple disk drives. Redundancy and improved performance (see RAID 10 on page 82).
RAID 50 Array—Built from multiple disk drives configured as two or more RAID 5 arrays, stripes
stored data and parity data across all disk drives (see RAID 50 on page 85).
RAID 6 Array—Similar to a RAID 5 array except that it includes two independent sets of parity data
instead of one (see RAID 6 on page 86).
RAID 60 Array—Similar to a RAID 50 array except that it includes four independent sets of parity
data instead of two (see RAID 60 on page 86).
See Selecting the Best RAID Level on page 87 to see how many disk drives you must connect to your
RAID controller to support the RAID level you want.
4.2
Selecting Disk Drives and Cables
4.2.1
Disk Drives
Your RAID controller supports SAS disk drives, SATA disk drives, and SATA and SAS Solid State Drives
(SSDs). When selecting disk drives for your RAID array, ensure that all the disk drives have the same
performance level. You can use different-sized disk drives in the array, but the array will be limited to
the capacity of the smallest and slowest disk drive. For more information about arrays, refer to the
maxView Storage Manager User’s Guide or online Help. For more information about compatible disk
drives, refer to www.adaptec.com/compatibility.
4.2.2
Cables
Depending on your requirements, you can use any of the cables listed below. Cable connectors are
keyed so that you can't insert them incorrectly. For more information about cabling options for your
RAID controller, visit www.adaptec.com.
Note: We recommend using only Microsemi Adaptec SAS cables.
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Getting Started
SAS HD Cables (Series 7 and Series 8 controllers)
Internal SAS HD to SAS HD (SFF-8643 to SFF- 8643
)—Connects to a backplane or enclosure.
External SAS HD to SAS HD (SFF-8644 to SFF- 8644
)—Connects to a backplane or enclosure.
mini-SAS Cables (Series 6 controllers)
External mini-SAS (SFF-8088 to SFF-8470)—Connects to
an external SAS enclosure.
Internal mini-SAS with power (SFF-8087 to SFF-8482
)—Connects to four SAS or SATA disk drives.
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Internal mini-SAS to SATA fan-out (SFF-8087 to 4x SATA)—Connects to four SATA disk drives.
Internal mini-SAS to mini-SAS (SFF-8087 to SFF-8087
)—Connects to a backplane or enclosure.
4.3
Replacing the Full-Height Bracket with a Low-Profile Bracket
If you are installing your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller into a low-profile computer cabinet, replace
the original full-height bracket with the low-profile bracket included in your distribution kit. The full-height
bracket is mounted on the front of the controller, the low-profile bracket is mounted on the back of the
controller, as shown in the figure below.
Full-height bracket
Low-profle bracket
Back of board
Front of board
To replace the full-height bracket with the low-profile bracket:
1. Remove the full-height bracket from the controller board. The full-height bracket is installed on the
front side of the controller, with the mounting screws inserted from the back of the controller, as
shown in the Figure 1.
Using a Phillips head screw driver, remove the mounting screws, as shown in Figure 2, then set the
screws aside for use in the next step.
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Getting Started
Remove mounting
screws with Phillips
screw driver
Back of board
Front of board
Figure 1
Figure 2
2. Attach the low-profile bracket to the controller board. The low-profile bracket is installed on the
back side of the controller, with the mounting screws inserted from the front of the controller, as
shown the Figure 3.
Insert the screws through the holes on the front of the controller, then fasten the screws to the
bracket with a Phillips screw driver.
Caution: The mount points on the low-profile bracket have a smooth or flat side and a raised
side that looks like a spacer (see Figure 3). Be sure to install the bracket with the flat side
against the controller PCB and the raised side facing away from the PCB.
Flat side of bracket
Front of board
Back of board
Raised side of bracket
Figure 3
Caution: The torque on the mounting screws should be a maximum of 3.0-4.0 lbf-in to avoid
deformation. Be sure that the controller is not bent after attaching the low-profile bracket to
the controller board.
4.4
Installation Options
When you install your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller, you can choose to create a bootable array
and then install your operating system and the controller driver on that array.
Alternatively, you can complete a standard installation, where the controller driver is installed on an
existing operating system.
4.5
Basic Installation Steps
This section describes the installation process. Follow the steps for the installation option you’ve chosen.
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4.5.1
Installing with an Operating System
1. Install and connect your controller and internal disk drives (see Installing the Controller and Disk
Drives on page 44).
If your controller has an external connector, you can connect external disk drives as well (or instead).
2. Set the boot controller (see Setting the Boot Controller on page 52).
3. Create a bootable array (see Creating an Array on page 52).
4. Install your operating system and the controller driver (see Installing the Driver and an Operating
System on page 56.)
5. Install maxView Storage Manager and begin to manage your data storage (see Managing Your Storage
Space on page 70).
4.5.2
Installing on an Existing Operating System
1. Install and connect your controller and internal disk drives (see Installing the Controller and Disk
Drives on page 44).
If your controller has an external connector, you can connect external disk drives as well (or instead).
2. Install the controller driver (see Installing the Driver on an Existing Operating System on page 65).
3. Install maxView Storage Manager and begin to manage your data storage (see Managing Your Storage
Space on page 70).
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Installing the Controller and Disk Drives
5
Installing the Controller and Disk Drives
This chapter explains how to install your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller, and how to install and
connect internal and external disk drives.
5.1
Before You Begin
• Read Safety Information on page 116.
• Familiarize yourself with your RAID controller's physical features and the RAID levels that it supports
(see Standard RAID Controller Features on page 18).
• Ensure you have the right number of disk drives for the RAID level you want to use for your arrays
(see Selecting Disk Drives and Cables on page 39).
• If you are installing the RAID controller into a low-profile computer cabinet, replace the original
full-height bracket with the low-profile bracket included in the kit (see Replacing the Full-Height
Bracket on page 41).
5.2
Installing the Controller
This section describes how to install the RAID controller into your computer cabinet. Microsemi Adaptec
RAID controllers come in two basic configurations: standard and zero maintenance cache protection
with batteryless backup (ZMCP). ZMCP uses flash memory and a supercapacitor module to protect the
cache without a battery.
Follow one of these sets of instructions:
• To install a Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller without zero maintenance cache protection, see
the next section.
• To install a Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller with zero maintenance cache protection, see To
install a RAID Controller with Zero Maintenance Cache Protection on page 45.
Caution: Be sure to handle the controller by its bracket or edges only.
5.2.1
Installing a RAID Controller without Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
To install a Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller without zero maintenance cache protection:
1. Turn off your computer and disconnect the power cord. Open the cabinet, following the
manufacturer's instructions.
2. Select an available PCIe expansion slot that's compatible with your RAID controller and remove the
slot cover, as shown below. (PCIe bus compatibility is marked to the controller figures in About Your
RAID Controller on page 18.)
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Installing the Controller and Disk Drives
3. Insert the RAID controller into the expansion slot and press down gently but firmly until it clicks into
place. When installed properly, the RAID controller should appear level with the expansion slot.
Caution: Touch a grounded metal object before handling the RAID controller.
4. Secure the bracket in the expansion slot, using the retention device (for instance, a screw or lever)
supplied with your computer.
5. (Series 6 controllers only) Connect your computer's disk activity LED cable to the LED connector on
the controller (marked on the figures in About Your RAID Controller on page 18).
Ensure that the positive lead of the LED cable (usually a red wire or a wire marked with a red stripe)
is attached to pin 1.
6. (Series 6 controllers only) Optionally, connect your RAID controller's I2C connector (not available on
all models) to an I2C connector on an internal backplane or enclosure, using an I2C cable. For more
connection details, see About Your RAID Controller on page 18.
7. Prepare and install your internal disk drives, following the instructions in Connecting Disk Drives to
Your Controllers on page 48.
If you are not installing internal disk drives, close your computer cabinet, reattach the power cord,
then continue with Connecting External Devices on page 50.
5.2.2
Installing a RAID Controller with Zero Maintenance Cache Protection
Microsemi Adaptec RAID controllers with zero maintenance cache protection include a flash module
daughterboard and a supercapacitor module. On Microsemi Adaptec Series Q controllers, the
daughterboard is pre-installed. On Microsemi Adaptec RAID controllers with optional zero maintenance
cache protection (see Adding A Flash Backup Module on page 19), the daughterboard is user installed.
The supercapacitor module is always user installed.
The following instructions describe how to install the RAID controller and supercapacitor module on a
Microsemi Adaptec Series 7/8/8ZQ controller using the mounting plate method. It assumes that the
daughterboard is already installed.
Note: Microsemi Adaptec Series 6Q controllers do not include a mounting plate for the
supercapacitor module. You must affix the supercapacitor to the computer chassis with cable ties.
For controllers with optional zero maintenance cache protection (non-Q controllers), refer to the
AFM-700 Installation Guide for details about installing the daughterboard on the controller.
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Warning: Do NOT remove or insert a fully charged supercapacitor module. Always discharge the unit
first to avoid damage to the controller or flash backup module. The factory ships with discharged units,
so they are safe to install when you receive them. To ensure that an installed unit is discharged, switch
your system OFF, then wait 5 minutes. After a dirty shutdown, wait 3 minutes after backup is complete,
then remove the unit.
To install a Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller with zero maintenance cache protection:
1. Assemble the mounting plate and attach the supercapacitor module:
a) Attach the full-height bracket and mounting clip to the mounting plate. The full-height bracket
is installed on the front side of the mounting plate (the side with the bents), with the mounting
screws inserted from the back, as shown in the figure below. (Be sure to attach the mounting
plate to the bracket with recessed side at the bottom!) Attach the mounting clip to the front of
the mounting plate with four (4) Phillips screws. The large friction clip should face the front of
the mounting plate.
Large friction
clip
Recessed side
Mounting clip
b) Insert the supercapacitor module into the mounting clip. The supercapacitor module snaps
securely into place between the large and small friction clips, as shown in the figure below. Be
sure to orient the supercapacitor module such that the connecting cable faces the rear of the
mounting plate.
c) Set the mounting plate aside; continue with the steps below.
2. Turn off your computer and disconnect the power cord. Open the cabinet, following the
manufacturer's instructions.
3. Select an available PCIe expansion slot that's compatible with your RAID controller and remove the
slot cover, as shown in the figure below. (PCIe bus compatibility is marked on the controller figures
in About Your RAID Controller on page 18.) Be sure to choose a slot in the backplane with an empty
slot next to it; you will use the empty slot to install the supercapacitor mounting plate, after you
install the controller. Remove the slot cover for the mounting plate, then continue with the next
step.
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Installing the Controller and Disk Drives
4. Insert the RAID controller into the expansion slot and press down gently but firmly until it clicks into
place. When installed properly, the RAID controller should appear level with the expansion slot.
Secure the bracket in the expansion slot, using the retention device (for instance, a screw or lever)
supplied with your computer.
Caution: Touch a grounded metal object before handling the RAID controller.
5. Attach the supercapacitor module to the RAID controller by inserting the connector into the socket
on the flash module daughterboard, as shown in the figure below. (The connector attaches to the
socket in only one direction.) Use the included extender cable if you need extra length to reach the
connector on the daughterboard.
Extender cable
6. Install the mounting plate in the empty slot next to the controller, as shown in the next figure. After
securing the mounting plate to the card cage, verify that the supercapacitor module and mounting
plate sit above (and do not touch) the PCIe slot.
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Gap
7. Prepare and install your internal disk drives, following the instructions in Connecting Disk Drives to
Your Controllers on page 48.
If you are not installing internal disk drives, close your computer cabinet, reattach the power cord,
then continue with Connecting External Devices on page 50.
8. Restart your computer.
The supercapacitor starts charging automatically. It should reach full charge in 5-6 minutes.
5.3
Connecting Disk Drives to Your Controllers
You can connect SAS disk drives, SATA disk drives, and SATA and SAS Solid State Drives (SSDs) to your
Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller. (See www.adaptec.com/compatibility for a list of compatible drives.)
There are no jumpers or switches to set before installation.
If you plan to build a bootable array, ensure that you install at least the minimum number disk drives
required to support the RAID level you want. See Choosing a RAID Level on page 39 for more information.
Note: Although you can connect both SAS and SATA disk drives to your SAS controller, we
recommend that you do not combine SAS and SATA disk drives within the same array. See What
is SAS? on page 75 for more information.
You have two connection options:
• To connect directly to the controller, see the following section.
• To connect to a backplane, see Connecting Drives to a System Backplane on page 49.
To connect Solid State Drives to your controller, see Connecting SSDs on page 49.
5.3.1
Connecting Drives Directly to the Controller
In a direct-attach connection, SAS or SATA disk drives are connected directly to a SAS card with SAS
cables. The number of direct-attached disk drives is limited to four per internal SAS connector. (For
more information about direct-attach connections, see How Disk Drives are Identified in SAS on page
77.)
1. Install your internal SAS or SATA disk drives, following the instructions in your system's documentation.
2. Use internal SAS, mini-SAS, or mini-SAS HD cables to attach the disk drives to the controller, as
required.
3. When all internal disk drives have been installed and attached to the controller, close your computer
cabinet, reattach the power cord, then continue with Connecting External Devices on page 50.
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5.3.2
Connecting Drives to a System Backplane
In a backplane connection, disk drives and SAS cards are attached to and communicate with each other
through a system backplane.
The number of disk drives is limited to the number of slots available on the backplane. Some backplanes
have embedded SAS expanders and can support up to 128 end devices. (For more information about
backplane and expander connections, see How Disk Drives are Identified in SAS on page 77.)
1. Connect one or more internal SAS or SATA disk drives to the backplane. (Refer to your system's
documentation for more information.)
2. Use an internal mini-SAS or mini-SAS HD cable to connect the controller to the backplane, as required.
3. When all internal disk drives have been installed and connected, close your computer cabinet,
reattach the power cord, then continue with Connecting External Devices on page 50.
5.3.3
Connecting Solid State Drives (SSDs)
To connect a Solid State Drive to your controller, you can use a direct-attached connection or a backplane
connection, as required. If your server does not have a standard 2.5-inch drive tray, you must use a
bracket/SLED which enables the SSD to fit properly.
Note: For Microsemi Adaptec maxCache applications or hybrid RAID arrays (comprised of hard
drives and SSDs) you can use any Solid State Drive on the compatibility list. See
www.adaptec.com/compatibility for a list of compatible SSDs. maxCache is supported on Microsemi
Adaptec Series Q controllers only.
In a direct-attach connection (described in the steps below), you connect SSDs directly to the controller
with SAS cables (mini-SAS to SATA). In a backplane connection, use the appropriate cable for your
backplane type (see Connecting Drives to a System Backplane on page 49 for more about backplane
connections). For maxCache caching applications, you can connect a maximum of 8 maxCache-compatible
SSDs to a controller. For RAID arrays, Microsemi Adaptec controllers support a maximum of 256 drives,
including SSDs (for details, see About Your RAID Controller on page 18).
1. Install the SSDs in your server. For servers with a standard 2.5-inch drive tray, install the SSD directly
into the tray. If your server does not have a standard 2.5-inch drive tray, use a bracket or adapter
which enables it to fit properly.
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Installing the Controller and Disk Drives
Use a 2.5” to 3.5” adapter to
install your SSD if server does
not have 2.5” tray.
Typical SSD installation
2. Use an internal mini-SAS or mini-SAS HD to SATA cable, as required, to attach the SSD(s) to the
controller, as shown in the example below.
To other SSDs
Internal x4 mini-SAS HD connector
Single-port connector
SSD connected to controller with
internal mini-SAS HD to SATA Fanout cable
3. When all SSDs have been installed and connected, close your computer cabinet, reattach the power
cord, then continue with Connecting External Devices on page 50.
5.4
Connecting External Devices
Note: If you are not connecting any external devices, see the following section, Next Steps on
page 51.
Use high-quality cables to connect your controller to your external device(s), such as disk drives or disk
drive enclosures.
We recommend using only Microsemi Adaptec cables. For more information about cabling options for
your controller, see Cables on page 39.
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5.5
Next Steps
If you are installing the controller driver and an operating system onto a bootable array, continue with
Creating a Bootable Array.
If you are completing a standard installation onto an existing operating system, continue with Installing
the Driver on an Existing Operating System on page 65.
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Creating a Bootable Array
6
Creating a Bootable Array
This chapter explains how to set your Microsemi Adaptec controller to be the boot controller, and how
to create a bootable array.
Note: If you are completing a standard installation onto an existing operating system, you don't
have to complete this task. Skip to Installing the Driver on an Existing Operating System on page
65.
6.1
Setting the Boot Controller
Note: If your system won't contain more than one bootable controller, skip to the next section,
Creating an Array on page 52.
Your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller supports bootable disk drives and bootable arrays. To enable
your system to boot from either a disk drive or an array connected to your controller:
1. Enter the system setup.
2. Navigate to the drive boot sequence.
3. Move the boot controller to the top of the list.
For more information, refer to your computer documentation.
6.2
Creating an Array
This section explains how to create an array.
A RAID 5 array is created in the examples shown in this section because RAID 5 provides the most security
and best performance with a minimum of three disk drives. However, you can choose to create an array
with a different RAID level; you can also change array level later, after the operating system is installed.
You can create an array using any of these tools:
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility (ARC)—BIOS-based menus and keyboard navigation
(see the following section).
• maxView Storage Manager—Graphical software application (running from a bootable USB image)
that you can navigate with your mouse (see About maxView Storage Manager on page 70).
• ARCCONF—Command line utility. For instructions, refer to the Microsemi Adaptec RAID Controller
Command Line Utility User's Guide.
You can use any of these tools, but the ARC utility is the quickest and easiest tool for this task.
Note: We recommend that you do not combine SAS and SATA disk drives within the same array.
maxView Storage Manager displays a warning if you try to create a logical drive using a combination
of SAS and SATA disk drives. See What is SAS? on page 75 for more information.
6.2.1
Creating an Array with the ARC Utility
The ARC utility is menu-based. Instructions for completing tasks appear on-screen. Menus can be
navigated using the arrows, Enter, Esc, and other keys on your keyboard.
To create a RAID 5 array:
1. Power on your computer. When prompted, press Ctrl+A to enter the ARC utility.
Note: On computers that support the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface, or uEFI, ARC
utility options are presented with a uEFI/HII interface rather than the Microsemi Adaptec Ctrl-A
interface described below. To begin using the ARC utility with the uEFI/HII interface, see Ctrl-A
or uEFI/HII? on page 88.
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2. If you have more than one controller of the same model or family in your computer, select your
controller, then press Enter .
3. Select Logical Device Configuration, then press Enter .
4. Select Initialize Drives, then press Enter .
5. Select at least three disk drives for the array, press Insert for each selected disk drive, then press
Enter.
Caution: During initialization, all data is deleted from the disk. Before continuing, back up any
data you want to keep.
6. Press Y , then press Enter .
The selected disk drives are initialized, then the Logical Device Configuration screen appears.
7. Select Create Array, then press Enter .
8. Select the disk drives that were just initialized, press Insert for each selected disk drive, then press
Enter .
9. When the Array Properties screen opens, follow the instructions in the following table.
Property Line
Entry or Selection
Array Type
Select RAID 5, then press Enter .
Array Label
Type a name, then press Enter .
Array Size
Press Enter , then press Enter again to use the default granularity of GB.
Stripe Size
Press Enter to use the default (256 KB).
Note: This property applies only to striped arrays (RAID 0, 1E, 10, 5, 50, 5EE, 6,
and 60).
Read Caching
Press Enter to use the default (Enable).
Write Caching
Press Enter to use the default (Enable always), then press Y to confirm.
Create RAID via
Press Enter to use the default (Build/Verify).
MaxCache Read
Press Enter to use the default (Enable)
MaxCache Write
Press Enter to use the default (Disable)
[Done]
Press Enter .
10. When a cache warning message displays, type Y .
11. Once the array is created, a message displays telling you that the array can now be used. Press any
key to return to the Logical Device Configuration menu.
You can start using the array immediately. However, performance is reduced until the build process
is complete.
12. Press Esc until the Exit utility window appears.
13. Select Yes, then press Enter.
The computer restarts.
14. Continue with Making Your Array Bootable on page 55.
6.2.2
Creating an Array with maxView Storage Manager
This section describes how to use the maxView Storage Manager configuration wizard to build an array.
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Note: Before you begin, download the maxView Storage Manager bootable USB image at
start.adaptec.com, then copy the bootable image to a USB flash drive. For details, refer to the
maxView Storage Manager User's Guide.
To create a RAID 5 array:
1. Insert the bootable USB drive on the machine you want to configure.
The Boot menu opens in a shell window.
2. Select Launch maxView from the menu.
After a minute or so, the maxView Storage Manager login screen opens in a browser window.
3. Enter root/root for the login credentials.
4. On the ribbon, in the Logical Disk group, click Create Logical Drive.
5. When the wizard opens, ensure that Express Configuration is selected, then click Next.
6. Review the logical drive configuration summary.
Note: maxView Storage Manager uses the term logical drive when referring to an array (see
Terminology Used in this Guide on page 15).
The following example shows a RAID 5 array, ready to be created.
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7. Click Finish.
maxView Storage Manager builds the logical drives.
8. Partition and format the logical drive(s).
The logical drives you created appear as a physical disk drives on your operating system. You must
partition and format these logical drives before you can use them to store data.
9. Close all windows, remove the bootable USB drive, then restart your system.
For information about installing and using maxView Storage Manager as a full software application,
see the maxView Storage Manager User's Guide.
10. Continue with the following section.
6.3
Making Your Array Bootable
Use the ARC Utility to make the array bootable (see Creating Bootable Arrays on page 89).
Then continue with Installing the Driver and an Operating System on page 56.
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7
Installing the Driver and an Operating System
This chapter explains how to install your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver and an operating
system on a bootable array (see Creating a Bootable Array on page 52).
Note:
1. To install the driver on an existing operating system, see Installing the Driver on an Existing
Operating System on page 65.
2. To install the Linux drivers from source with Dynamic Kernel Module Support (for persistence
across across kernel updates), download the Linux Driver Source Code package from the
support page for your product at start.adaptec.com, then follow the instructions in the
embedded Readme.
7.1
Before You Begin
• Install and connect your RAID controller and internal disk drives (see Installing the Controller and
Disk Drives on page 44).
• Create a bootable array (see Creating a Bootable Array on page 52).
• Download drivers from the web
• Create a driver disk (see the following section)
7.2
Creating a Driver Disk
Download the latest drivers from the Web, then create a driver disk by completing the steps below.
You will need a USB flash drive to complete this task. If the driver binary is an iso image, use a writable
CD instead of a flash drive.
To download drivers and create a driver disk:
1. Open a browser window, then type start.adaptec.com in the address bar.
2. Select your RAID controller family (Series 7, Series 8, and so on) and controller model.
3. Select your operating system version, for instance, Microsoft Windows Server 2012 x64 or Red Hat
Enterprise Linux 6; then select the appropriate driver from the list.
Note: For Linux OSs, the list of drivers typically includes a rpm file and an Images file. Select
the Images file only if you are installing the driver on an existing operating system (for more
information, see Installing the Driver on an Existing Operating System on page 65).
4. Click Download Now and accept the license agreement.
5. When the download completes, extract the contents of the driver archive file to a temporary location.
If the archive includes drivers for multiple operating system versions (Windows, for instance), each
driver is stored in a separate folder.
6. Change to the folder for your operating system version, as needed.
7. Copy the driver binary file or the entire driver folder contents to a USB flash drive. For Debian,
Ubuntu, and Fedora Linux, be sure to extract the contents of the .tgz files first.
If the driver binary is an iso image, see Step [8].
8. If the driver binary is an iso image ̶ for instance, for Citrix XenServer ̶ burn the iso to a writeable CD.
Use whatever tool you prefer to burn the CD, such as an interactive, GUI-based, tool or the Linux
command line.
Note: For VMware ESXi 5.5 and VMware ESXi 6.0, see Installing with VMware ESXi on page
63.
9. Remove and label the driver disk.
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10. Continue the installation with the instructions for your operating system.
7.3
Installing with Windows
Note: The following instructions apply to all supported Windows operating systems. You need
the Windows installation DVD (or equivalent virtual media/iso image) to complete this task.
To install the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver while installing Windows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Insert your Windows DVD, then restart the computer.
Follow the on-screen instructions to begin the Windows installation.
When prompted to specify a location for Windows, select Load Driver.
Insert the USB driver disk, browse to the driver location, then click OK.
When the driver is found, press Next.
Note: You may see the message ‘No drives were found’. Repeat Step 3, Step 4 (browse to
driver location), and Step 5. On the second attempt, the driver will load successfully.
6. Click Next again to accept the default partition configuration, or refer to your Windows documentation
to configure partitions manually.
7. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the installation.
8. Continue with Managing Your Storage Space on page 70.
7.4
Installing with Red Hat Linux or CentOS
Note: You will need the Installation DVD (or equivalent virtual media/iso image) for your operating
system to complete this task. You must have root privilege to install the driver image.
To install the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver while installing Red Hat Linux or CentOS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Insert your installation DVD.
Restart your computer.
When the first installation screen appears, insert the USB driver disk.
Type this command at the Boot: prompt, then press Enter:
linux dd
5. Select Yes to indicate that you have a driver disk, browse the USB drive (typically, /dev/sda1), then
select the driver image.
6. Verify that the driver is loaded, then complete the installation following the on-screen instructions.
7. Continue with Managing Your Storage Space on page 70.
7.5
Installing with SuSE Linux Enterprise Server
Note: You need the SuSE installation DVD (or equivalent virtual media/iso image) to complete
this task.
To install the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver while installing SuSE Linux:
1. Insert the SuSE Installation DVD.
2. Restart your system.
3. When the installation selection screen appears, choose the type of installation you want, press F5
(SuSE 10) or F6 (SuSE 11), then select Yes to indicate that you have a driver disk.
4. Insert the USB driver disk.
5. (SuSE 11 SP3 only) Add 'brokenmodules=aacraid dud=1' to the Boot menu. This step ensures that
the installer loads from the driver disk, not the in-box driver.
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6. When prompted to "Please choose the Driver Update medium", highlight the USB partition, then
select OK.
Note: If the "choose Driver Update medium" screen is displayed again, assume that the driver
was accepted; select Back, then press Enter.
7. (SuSE 11 SP3 only) On the "Welcome screen", switch to the console by typing CTRL+ALT+F2, then
type this command:
insmod ./update/000/modules/aacraid.ko
Press CTRL+ALT+F7 to return to the Welcome screen.
8. Complete the installation, following the on-screen instructions.
9. Continue with Managing Your Storage Space on page 70.
7.6
Installing with Fedora Linux
Note: You need the Fedora installation DVD (or equivalent virtual media/iso image) to complete
this task.. You must have root privilege to install the driver image.
To install the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver while installing Fedora Linux:
1. Insert the Fedora Installation DVD, then restart your computer.
2. When the Welcome screen appears, press Enter. When the installation switches to Graphical
Installation, press CTRL+ALT+F2 to switch to the console. (Do not pass the "linux dd" boot option!)
3. Insert the USB driver disk, then type the following command to scan for the device:
fdisk -l
4. Assuming the USB drive is assigned to /dev/sda1, type the following commands:
mkdir /mnt2 /AACRAID
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt2
cp -r /mnt2/* /AACRAID
umount /mnt2
cd /AACRAID
5. Extract the .tgz file (if not done already) and ensure that the .ko file(s) are located directly under
/AACRAID. For example:
tar -zxvf aacraid-1.2.1-XXXXX-Fedora_20-Boot-x86_64.tgz
cp aacraid-1.2.1-XXXXX-Fedora_20-Boot-x86_64/* .
rm -rf aacraid-1.2.1-XXXXX-Fedora_20-Boot-x86_64*
6. Run the pre-installation script:
sh ./fc-pre-install.sh
7. Press ALT+F6 to switch back to the installation screen, select Next, then follow the on-screen
prompts to continue the installation.
Note: Do not reboot at the end of the installation until you complete Step [8]!
8. When prompted to reboot the system, press CTRL+ALT+F2 to switch to the console, then type the
following commands to complete the driver installation:
mkdir /mnt/sysimage/tmp/AACRAID
cp -r /AACRAID/* /mnt/sysimage/tmp/AACRAID
chroot /mnt/sysimage/
cd /tmp/AACRAID
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sh ./fc-post-install.sh
exit
9. Press ALT+F6 to switch back to the installation screen, finish the installation, then reboot.
10. Continue with Managing Your Storage Space on page 70.
7.7
Installing with Debian Linux
Note: You need the Debian installation DVD (or equivalent virtual media/iso image) to complete
this task. You must have root privilege to install the driver image.
To install the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver while installing Debian Linux:
1. Insert the Debian Installation DVD, then restart your computer.
2. When the Welcome screen appears, select Graphical Install. Continue the installation until you see
the "Configure Network" screen, then type CTRL+ALT+F2 to switch to the console.
3. Insert the USB driver disk, then type the following command to scan for the device:
fdisk -l
4. Assuming the USB drive is assigned to /dev/sda1, type the following commands to begin loading
the driver:
mkdir /AACRAID
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt
cp -R /mnt/* /AACRAID
umount /mnt
Note: The following steps assume you are installing Debian 7 64-bit using kernel 3.2.0-4.
5. Copy the driver file to the /lib/modules directory:
cp -f /AACRAID/aacraid.ko
/lib/modules/3.2.0-4-amd64/kernel/drivers/scsi/aacraid/aacraid.ko
6. Remove the USB drive.
7. Install the loadable module:
insmod /lib/modules/3.2.0-4-amd64/kernel/drivers/scsi/aacraid/aacraid.ko
8. Press CTRL+ALT+F5 to switch back to the installation screen, then follow the on-screen prompts
to continue the installation.
Note: Do not press Continue at the end of the installation until you complete Step [9]!
9. When prompted to reboot the system, press CTRL+ALT+F2 to switch to the console.
10. Type the following commands to complete the driver installation:
cp -f /AACRAID/aacraid.ko
/target/lib/modules/3.2.0-4-amd64/kernel/drivers/scsi/aacraid/aacraid.ko
chroot /target
/sbin/depmod -a 3.2.0-4-amd64
update-initramfs -u -v
exit
11. Press CTRL+ALT+F5 to switch back to the installation screen, then reboot.
12. Continue with Managing Your Storage Space on page 70.
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7.8
Installing with Ubuntu Linux
Note: You need the Ubuntu installation DVD (or equivalent virtual media/iso image) to complete
this task. You must have root privilege to install the driver image.
To install the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver while installing Ubuntu Linux:
1. Insert the Ubuntu Installation DVD, then restart your computer.
2. When the installation menu appears, select Install Ubuntu Server. Continue the installation until
the "Configure Network" screen appears, then type CTRL+ALT+F2 to switch to the console.
3. Insert the USB driver disk, then type the following command to scan for the device:
fdisk -l
4. Assuming the USB drive is assigned to /dev/sda1, type the following commands to begin loading
the driver:
mkdir mnt2 /AACRAID
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt2
cp -R /mnt2/* /AACRAID
umount /mnt2
Note: The following steps assume you are installing Ubuntu 12 or higher.
5. Copy the driver file to the /lib/modules directory:
rmmod aacraid
cp -f /AACRAID/aacraid.ko
/lib/modules/3.16.0-23-generic/kernel/drivers/scsi/aacraid/aacraid.ko
6. Remove the USB drive.
7. Install the loadable module:
insmod /lib/modules/3.16.0-23-generic/kernel/drivers/scsi/aacraid/aacraid.ko
8. Press CTRL+ALT+F1 to switch back to the installation screen, then follow the on-screen prompts
to continue the installation.
Note: Do not press Continue at the end of the installation until you complete Step [9]!
9. When prompted to reboot the system, press CTRL+ALT+F2 to switch to the console.
10. Type the following commands to complete the driver installation:
cp -f /AACRAID/aacraid.ko
/target/lib/modules/3.16.0-23-generic/kernel/drivers/scsi/aacraid/aacraid.ko
chroot /target
/sbin/depmod -a 2.6.32-28-server
update-initramfs -u -v
exit
11. Press CTRL+ALT+F1 to switch back to the installation screen, then reboot.
12. Continue with Managing Your Storage Space on page 70.
7.9
Installing with Solaris
Note: This task is not necessary if you are installing Solaris 10 Update 2 or later. Instead, you can
choose to install Solaris using the in-box driver and update it either during or after the installation
is complete, if required.
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Note: If necessary, you can create a driver disk by burning a CD with the aac_solaris-x86.iso
file; for more information, see Creating a Driver Disk on page 56.
The following tasks describe how to install the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver during Solaris
OS installation:
• Installing with Solaris 10 U9 on page 61
• Installing with Solaris 11 on page 61
7.9.1
Installing with Solaris 10 U9
Note:
• During Solaris 10 U9 installation, the iso image of the driver is required. When the OS
installation process prompts you to insert the iso image of the driver, insert the CD ROM or
DVD ROM containing the driver image.
• You can create a driver disk by burning a CD with the aac_solaris-x86.iso file; for more
information, see Creating a Driver Disk on page 56.
• Login as a superuser to preform this task.
To install the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver while installing Solaris 10 U9:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
7.9.2
Start your computer.
Interrupt the autoboot, press the ESC key. The Device Configuration Assistant (DCA) Utility will open.
Select Apply driver updates.
Insert the driver disk or other update media, then press Return.
Complete the Solaris installation, following the instructions included with your operating system.
Installing with Solaris 11
Note: Login as a superuser to perform this task.
To install the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver during Solaris 11 installation:
1. Remove the in-box driver package by executing these steps:
a. Check to see which AAC RAID driver package is installed on your system by using the following
command:
# modinfo | grep aac
b. Run the following commands to find the inbox aac package name:
#pkg list | grep aac
#driver/storage/aac ----> inbox aac IPS packagename
c. Remove the package (if the IPS package is installed) by using the following command:
#pkg uninstall driver/storage/aac
d. Press y to remove the aac package.
e. Run the following commands to reconfigure while rebooting the machine:
#touch /reconfigure
#reboot
f. At the next boot, a new OS boot option like Solaris1 is shown, select this option.
2. Install the driver by executing these steps:
a. Insert the USB drive and copy the aac package from it on your computer.
b. Change the directory (command cd) to the directory where the Driver Package is, and type the
following command:
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# pkgadd -d
c. At the following prompt, enter y.
Do you want to continue with the installation of <aac> [y,n,?]
The following message appears after a successful installation:
Installation of <aac> was successful.
If the installation is not successful, the following message appears:
Installation of <aac> was suspended (administration).
d. If the installation was successful, skip this step, and go to step 5.
e. If the installation was not successful, remove the previously installed driver package, and then
repeat step 3 to apply the drive package.
f. Run the following commands to reconfigure while rebooting the machine:
# touch /reconfigure
# reboot
g. At the next bootup, enter b -r as a boot option.
7.10
Installing with FreeBSD
Note: You need the FreeBSD installation DVD (or equivalent virtual media/iso image) to complete
this task.
To install the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver while installing FreeBSD:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Insert the FreeBSD Installation DVD.
Insert the USB driver disk.
Restart your computer. (Be sure to boot from the installation CD!)
When the FreeBSD start screen opens, select 2 for 'Escape to Loader Prompt'.
Type: load kernel
Type this command to locate the USB drive: lsdev
Assuming the USB drive is disk2s1, type this command:
load disk2s1:aacu.ko
8. Type this command: boot
9. Complete the FreeBSD installation, as usual. When finished, remove the installation CD, but not the
USB driver disk, then reboot.
Note: Be sure the system is configured to boot from the controller's bootable array, not the
USB drive!
10. To ensure that the driver is loaded automatically as a module at boot time, repeat Steps [4]-[7], then
complete the steps below.
11. Type this command to boot to the kernel: boot
12. Login as root, then type:
dmesg
13. Assuming the USB drive is da1s1, type this command to mount the drive:
mount -t msdosfs /dev/da1s1 /mnt
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14. Install the driver package (FreeBSD 9, in this example):
pkg_add /mnt/aac9x-amd64.tgz
15. Reboot the computer.
7.11
Installing with VMware
Note: You will need a writable CD to complete this task. You must have administrator privileges
to create the driver disk and install the driver image.
To install the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver with VMware ESXi 6.0 or VMware ESXi 5.5, you
must create a custom boot image using the ESXi-Customizer tool. ESXi-Customizer automates the process
of customizing the ESXi install-ISO and runs as a script under Microsoft PowerShell.
You can download the ESXi-Customizer tool at http://www.v-front.de/p/esxi-customizer.html or other
locations on the Web.
Note: Be sure to install the prerequisite software first, including Powershell and Microsoft .NET
2.0, before you install ESXi-Customizer.
To install the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver while installing VMware:
1. Download and install Microsoft PowerShell and Microsoft .NET 2.0, as needed. You can download
PowerShell and Microsoft .NET from the Microsoft Download Center at
www.microsoft.com/download.
Note: PowerShell is pre-installed on many Windows systems, including Windows Server 2012,
Windows 7, and Windows 8.x.
2. Download the ESXi-Customizer tool at http://www.v-front.de/p/esxi-customizer.html or other Web
location. Then unpack the archive to a local directory on your Windows system;
C:\ESXi-Customizer, for instance.
3. Run ESXi-Customizer from the installation directory:
C:\ESXi-Customizer>ESXi-Customizer.cmd
The ESXi-Customizer GUI window opens.
4. Enter the path to the original VMware install-ISO and the driver VIB file for your VMware version.
The files should be on your USB driver disk or in the driver download directory on your Windows
system (see Creating a Driver Disk on page 56).
Options
Description
ESXi 5.5
VMware-VMvisor-Installer-5.5.0-1331820.x86_64.iso
vmware-esxi-drivers-scsi-aacraid-550.5.2.1.XXXXX.-1.5.5.1331820.x86_64.vib
ESXi 6.0
VMware-VMvisor-Installer-6.0.0-2494585.x86_64.iso
vmware-esxi-drivers-scsi-aacraid-600.6.2.1.XXXXX.-1.0.6.2159203.x86_64.vib
5. Choose a working directory for the script (to save the custom ISO), then click Run. For example:
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6. When the pop-up message prompts to add the driver VIB, click Yes.
ESXi-Customizer builds the custom ISO and saves it in the working directory.
7. Burn the custom ISO image to a writable CD.
Note: Use whatever tool you prefer to burn the CD, such as an interactive (GUI-based) tool
or a command line tool.
Remove the CD after you finish burning the image.
8. On the VMware ESXi machine, insert the custom boot CD, then restart your computer.
9. Follow the on-screen instructions to begin the VMware installation.
10. Complete the VMware installation, following the on-screen instructions.
11. Remove the custom boot CD, then reboot your computer.
7.12
Installing with Citrix XenServer
Note: To install the RAID controller driver with Citrix XenServer, you must burn the XenServer
driver iso image to a writeable CD; USB driver disks are not supported for XenServer (see Creating
a Driver Disk on page 56). You will be prompted to insert the XenServer driver CD twice. You need
the XenServer installation DVD (or equivalent virtual media/iso image) to complete this task. You
must have administrator privilege to install the driver image.
To install the RAID controller driver while installing Citrix XenServer:
1. On the machine where you want to install the OS and RAID controller driver, insert the XenServer
installation DVD, then restart your computer.
2. When prompted to add a driver, press F9.
3. Remove the XenServer installation DVD and insert the driver CD.
4. When the driver update is complete, remove the driver CD and insert the XenServer installation
DVD.
5. Continue the XenServer installation, following the on-screen instructions.
6. When prompted to add a driver (at the end of the OS installation),remove the XenServer installation
DVD and insert the driver CD.
7. Complete the XenServer installation, following the on-screen instructions.
8. Remove the driver CD, then reboot your computer.
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8
Installing the Driver on an Existing Operating System
This chapter explains how to install your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver on an existing
operating system.
Note:
1. To install the driver while you're installing an operating system, see Installing the Driver and
an Operating System on page 56
2. To install the Linux drivers from source with Dynamic Kernel Module Support (for persistence
across across kernel updates), download the Linux Driver Source Code package from the
support page for your product at start.adaptec.com, then follow the instructions in the
embedded Readme.
8.1
Before You Begin
• Install and connect your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller and internal disk drives (see Installing
the Controller and Disk Drives on page 44).
• Download drivers from the web site
• Create a driver disk (see the following section)
8.2
Creating a Driver Disk
Download the latest drivers from the Web, then create a driver disk by completing the steps below.
You will need a USB flash drive to complete this task.
To download drivers and create a driver disk:
1. Open a browser window, then type start.adaptec.com in the address bar.
2. Select your RAID controller family (Series 7, Series 8, and so on) and controller model.
3. Select your operating system version, for instance, Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 or Microsoft Windows
Server 2012 x64; then select the appropriate driver from the list.
Note: For Linux OSs, the list of drivers typically includes a rpm file and an Images file. You can
use either one to install the driver on an existing operating system. The instructions in this
chapter use the rpm.
4. Click Download Now and accept the license agreement.
5. When the download completes, extract the contents of the driver archive file to a temporary location.
If the archive includes drivers for multiple operating system versions (Windows, for instance), each
driver is stored in a separate folder, including one each for 32-bit and 64-bit operating systems.
6. Change to the folder for your operating system version, as needed.
7. Copy the driver binary file or the entire driver folder contents to a USB flash drive.
Note: For VMware and Citrix XenServer, use a remote copy utility to copy the driver to the
local machine; see Installing on VMware on page 68 and Installing on XenServer. on page 69.
8. Remove and label the driver disk.
9. Continue the installation with the instructions for your operating system.
8.3
Installing on Windows
Note: The following instructions apply to all supported Windows operating systems.
To install the driver on Windows:
1. Start or restart Windows.
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2. In the Control Panel, launch the Device Manager, right-click your RAID controller, then select Update
Driver Software.
3. Insert the driver disk, then select Browse my computer for driver software.
4. Browse to the driver disk location, then click Next.
5. Select the driver from the list, then click Next.
6. When the installation is complete, remove the driver disk and restart your computer.
7. Continue with Managing Your Storage Space on page 70.
8.4
Installing on Red Hat, CentOS, SuSE, or Fedora Linux
Note: If your Red Hat 7, SLES 11 SP3, or SLES 12 system is booted with uEFI Secure Boot, you will
need to add a public key to the MOK list (Machine Owner Key) before completing the steps below.
See the Readme for more information.
To install the driver on Red Hat Linux, CentOS, SuSE Linux, or Fedora Linux:
1. Insert and mount the driver disk (assuming the USB drive is /dev/sda1):
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/usb
2. Install the module RPM:
rpm -ivh mount-point/xxx/yyy.rpm
where mount-point is the mount point on the Linux system, xxx is the driver path, and yyy.rpm is
the rpm file name.
3. Reboot your computer to ensure the driver loaded correctly.
4. Continue with Managing Your Storage Space on page 70.
8.5
Installing on Ubuntu Linux
Note: For driver installation on Ubuntu Linux, you may need to create the root account and
password. Enter these commands: sudo bash; sudo passwd root. You must have root
privilege to install the driver image.
To install the driver on Ubuntu Linux:
1. Update the Ubuntu package index:
sudo apt-get update
2. Load the Ubuntu unpacking tools:
sudo apt-get install build-essential
3. Insert and mount the driver disk (assuming the USB drive is /dev/sda1):
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/usb
4. Install the DEB driver package (where xxxxx is the build number):
Ubuntu 11 and Ubuntu 12:
sudo dpkg -i
/mnt/usb/aacraid-1.2.1-xxxxx-Ubuntu11.10+12.04+12.04.1+12.04.2-all.deb
Ubuntu 14:
sudo dpkg -i /mnt/usb/aacraid-1.2.1-xxxxx-Ubuntu14.10-x86_64.deb
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5. Reboot your computer to ensure the driver loaded correctly.
6. Continue with Managing Your Storage Space on page 70.
8.6
Installing on Solaris
Note: On the Microsemi website, drivers for Solaris 10 and 11 are provided in two formats— iso
(in the diskette folder) and aac installable (in the solaris-x86 folder). When installing the driver on
an existing Solaris 10 U9 and 11 OS, use the aac installable. You can copy the solaris-x86 folder to
your USB drive from your local machine.
The following tasks describe how to install the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver on an existing
Solaris OS:
• Installing on Existing Solaris 10 U9 on page 67
• Installing on Existing Solaris 11 on page 67
8.6.1
Installing on Existing Solaris 10 U9
Note: Login as a superuser to perform this task.
To install or upgrade the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver on an existing Solaris 10 U9 OS:
1. Remove the pre-existing driver package by executing the following command:
# pkgrm SUNWaac
2. Insert the USB drive and copy the aac package from it on your computer.
3. Change the directory (command cd) to the directory where the Driver Package is, and type the
following command:
# pkgadd -d AAC.PKG
4. Run the following command to reboot the machine:
# reboot
5. Continue with Managing Your Storage Space. on page 70
8.6.2
Installing on Existing Solaris 11
Note: Login as a superuser to perform this task.
To install or upgrade the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller driver on an existing Solaris 11 OS:
1. Remove the in-box driver package by executing these steps:
a. Check to see which AAC RAID driver package is installed on your system by using the following
command:
# modinfo | grep aac
b. Run the following commands to find the inbox aac package name:
#pkg list | grep aac
#driver/storage/aac ----> inbox aac IPS packagename
c. Remove the package (if the IPS package is installed) by using the following command:
#pkg uninstall driver/storage/aac
d. Press y to remove the aac package.
e. Run the following commands to reconfigure while rebooting the machine:
#touch /reconfigure
#reboot
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Installing the Driver on an Existing Operating System
f. At the next boot, a new OS boot option like Solaris1 is shown, select this option.
2. Install or upgrade the driver by executing these steps:
a. Insert the USB drive and copy the aac package from it on your computer.
b. Change the directory (command cd) to the directory where the Driver Package is, and type the
following command:
# pkgadd -d
c. At the following prompt, enter y.
Do you want to continue with the installation of <aac> [y,n,?]
The following message appears after a successful installation:
Installation of <aac> was successful.
If the installation is not successful, the following message appears:
Installation of <aac> was suspended (administration).
d. If the installation was successful, skip this step, and go to step 5.
e. If the installation was not successful, remove the previously installed driver package, and then
repeat step 3 to apply the drive package.
f. Run the following commands to reconfigure while rebooting the machine:
# touch /reconfigure
# reboot
g. At the next bootup, enter b -r as a boot option.
3. Continue with Managing Your Storage Space. on page 70
8.7
Installing on FreeBSD
To install the driver on FreeBSD:
1. Start your computer.
2. Insert and mount the driver disk:
mount -t msdos /dev/fd1 /mnt
3. Copy the driver package to the /tmp directory:
cp /mnt/aac9x-i386.tgz /tmp
4. Install the driver package:
pkg_add /tmp/aac9x-i386.tgz
5. Remove the driver disk, then reboot your computer.
6. Continue with Managing Your Storage Space on page 70.
8.8
Installing on VMware
Note: You must remove the old driver before you can install the new one. You must have root
privilege to install the new driver.
Note: To copy the driver VIB file to the VMware ESXi server (in Step 2 below), you must have
access to a remote copy utility, such as WinSCP, putty, or Linux scp.
To install the driver on VMware:
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1. At the VMware console screen, type these commands to remove the old driver from a VMware 5.x
or VMware 6.0 system:
esxcli software vib list | grep -i aacraid (list driver packages)
esxcli software vib remove --vibname=scsi-aacraid --maintenance-mode (remove
package)
2. Using a remote copy utility, copy the driver VIB file for your operating system version to a local
directory on the ESXi server. This example uses Linux scp to copy the driver to /tmp/aacraid (where
xxxxx is the build number):
VMware ESXi 5.5:
scp
/mnt/sda1/linux/driver/vmware-esxi-drivers-scsi-aacraid-550.5.2.1.xxxxx.-1.5.5.1331820.x86_64.vib
root@<esx-server-ip>:/tmp/aacraid
VMware ESXi 6.0:
scp
/mnt/sda1/linux/driver/vmware-esxi-drivers-scsi-aacraid-600.6.2.1.xxxxx.-1.0.6.2159203.x86_64.vib
root@<esx-server-ip>:/tmp/aacraid
3. Install the VIB module (where xxxxx is the build number):
VMware ESXi 5.5:
esxcli software vib install -f -v
file:/tmp/aacraid/vmware-esxi-drivers-scsi-aacraid-550.5.2.1.xxxxx.-1.5.5.1331820.x86_64.vib
VMware ESXi 6.0:
esxcli software vib install -f -v
file:/tmp/aacraid/vmware-esxi-drivers-scsi-aacraid-600.6.2.1.xxxxx.-1.0.6.2159203.x86_64.vib
4. Reboot your computer.
8.9
Installing on Citrix XenServer
Note: To copy the driver RPM file to XenServer (in Step 1 below), you must have access to a
remote copy utility, such as WinSCP, putty, or Linux scp. You must have root privilege to install
the driver.
To install the driver on XenServer (where xxxxx is the build # and .x is the OS version):
1. Using a remote copy utility, copy the driver RPM file to a local directory on XenServer. This example
uses Linux scp to copy the driver to /tmp/aacraid:
scp /mnt/sda1/linux/driver/citrix-aacraid-1.2.1-xxxxx.xen-6.x.rpm
root@<xen-server-ip>:/tmp/aacraid
2. Install the driver module rpm:
rpm -ivh /tmp/aacraid/citrix-aacraid-1.2.1-xxxxx.xen-6.x.rpm
3. Reboot your computer.
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Managing Your Storage Space
9
Managing Your Storage Space
Once you have installed your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller, disk drives (or other devices), and
device driver, you can begin to build and manage your storage space.
This chapter introduces maxView Storage Manager, and describes the other utilities included with your
Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller.
9.1
About maxView Storage Manager
maxView Storage Manager is a browser-based software application that helps you build a storage space
for your online data, using Microsemi Adaptec RAID controllers and disk drives.
With maxView Storage Manager, you can group disk drives into logical drives and build in redundancy
to protect your data and improve system performance.
From a single workstation, you can use maxView Storage Manager to monitor and manage all the
controllers and disk drives in your storage space.
When maxView Storage Manager is installed on a computer, the maxView Storage Manager Agent (and
other related services) is also installed automatically. The Agent is designed to run in the background,
without user intervention. Its job is to monitor system health, manage event notifications, task schedules,
and other on-going processes on a system. It sends notices when tasks are completed successfully, and
notifies you when errors or failures occur on that system.
If your storage space includes systems that won't be connected to monitors (and therefore won't require
the graphical user interface), you can choose to run the Agent only on those systems instead of the full
application. For more information, refer to the maxView Storage Manager User's Guide.
9.1.1
Installing maxView Storage Manager
For details about installing maxView Storage Manager on different operating systems, refer to the
maxView Storage Manager User’s Guide.
9.2
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID Controller Configuration Utility
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID Controller Configuration (ARCCONF) is a command line utility that you
can use to perform basic array and configuration management functions.
With ARCCONF, you can:
• Create and delete logical drives
• Modify and copy configuration settings
• Recover from disk drive failures and troubleshoot your system
For information about installing and using ARCCONF, refer to the Microsemi Adaptec RAID Controller
Command Line Utility User's Guide.
9.3
About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID Configuration (ARC) utility is a BIOS-based utility that you can use to create
and manage controllers, disk drives and other devices, and arrays. The ARC utility comprises these tools:
• Logical Device Configuration—For creating and managing arrays, and initializing and rescanning
disk drives.
• Controller Settings—For modifying your controller and disk drive settings.
• Disk Utilities—For formatting or verifying disk drives.
The ARC utility is included in your controller's BIOS. For more information, see Using the Microsemi
Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility on page 88.
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Note: The ARC utility is primarily intended for pre-operating system installation configuration.
9.4
About the Adaptec Flash Utility
The Adaptec Flash Utility (AFU) is a text-based DOS utility that you can use to update, save, or verify
your RAID controller's firmware.
Caution: Although the AFU contains safeguards to prevent you from accidentally damaging your
RAID controller's flash contents, it is still important to use the AFU carefully and correctly to avoid
rendering your RAID controller inoperable. We recommend that only advanced users familiar with
working in DOS use the AFU. You can also use maxView Storage Manager to update the controller
firmware. See the maxView Storage Manager User’s Guide for more information.
9.5
Which Utility Should I Use?
To create a bootable array, we recommend that you use the BIOS-based ARC utility (See Using the
Microsemi Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility on page 88).
For subsequent storage management tasks on most supported operating systems, including VMware
Guest OSs, we recommend that you install and use maxView Storage Manager (see About maxView
Storage Manager on page 70). As a full-featured software application with a graphical user interface,
it is the easiest to use and offers the widest range of management functions. For operating systems
that do not support the maxView Storage Manager GUI, such as FreeBSD, use the ARCCONF command
line utility to configure and manage arrays.
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Solving Problems
10
Solving Problems
This chapter provides basic troubleshooting information and solutions for solving controller problems.
10.1
Troubleshooting Checklist
If you encounter difficulties installing or using your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller, check these
items first:
• With your computer powered off, check the connections to each disk drive, power supply, LED
connector, and so on.
• Try disconnecting and reconnecting disk drives from the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller.
• Check that your RAID controller is installed in a compatible PCIe expansion slot. To double-check
the bus compatibility of your controller, see About Your Adaptec RAID Controller on page 18.
• Ensure that your RAID controller is firmly seated and secured in the PCIe expansion slot.
• If your RAID controller is not detected during system boot, try installing it in a different compatible
expansion slot. (See Installing the Controller on page 44 for instructions.)
• Did the driver install correctly?
• If you have external disk drives (or other devices), are they powered on?
• Check the Readme for compatibility issues and known problems.
If you are still unable to resolve a problem, you can find additional troubleshooting information and
direction at www.adaptec.com or the Support Knowledgebase at ask.adaptec.com.
10.2
Monitoring Disk Drives Status
You can use the ‘blink’ feature in the ARC utility and maxView Storage Manager to monitor the status
of your SAS and SATA disk drives. When you blink a specific disk drive or set of disk drives, the LED(s)
on the selected disk drives flash.
This table describes the LED flash states.
Controller Device State
Slot State
LED Flash State
Failed
Device is faulty
On
Rebuilding
Device is rebuilding
Slow flash
Blink
Identify the device
Fast flash
Other
No error
Off
For more information about using maxView Storage Manager to monitor your disk drives, refer to the
maxView Storage Manager User's Guide or the online Help.
10.3
Silencing the Alarm
If your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller includes an alarm, the alarm will sound when an error occurs.
To silence the alarm, use maxView Storage Manager (see Managing Your Storage Space on page 70.)
OR the ARC utility (see Modifying Your Controller Configuration on page 93.)
10.4
Recovering from a Disk Drive Failure
This section explains how to recover when a disk drive or SSD fails:
• If the array was protected by a hot spare, see Failed Disk Drive Protected by a Hot Spare on page
73.
• If the array was not protected by a hot spare, see Failed Disk Drive Not Protected by a Hot Spare
on page 73.
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• If there is a disk drive failure in more than one array simultaneously, see Failure in Multiple Arrays
Simultaneously on page 73.
• If it is a RAID 0 array, see Disk Drive Failure in a RAID 0 Array on page 73.
• If multiple disk drives fail within the same array, see Multiple Failures in the Same Array on page
73.
• If the drive is part of the maxCache Device, see Failed Drive in maxCache Device on page 74.
Note: maxView Storage Manager uses the term logical drives or logical devices when referring
to arrays (see Terminology Used in this Guide on page 15).
10.4.1
Failed Disk Drive Protected by a Hot Spare
When an array is protected by a hot spare, if a disk drive in that array fails the hot spare is automatically
incorporated into the array and takes over for the failed drive.
To recover from the failure:
1. Remove and replace the failed disk drive.
2. If copyback is not enabled—In maxView Storage Manager, remove the ‘hot spare’ designation from
the original hot spare (the disk drive that was built into the array). Then, designate a new hot spare
to protect the arrays on that controller.
If copyback is enabled—Data is automatically moved back to its original location once the controller
detects that the failed drive has been replaced. No action is required.
10.4.2
Failed Disk Drive Not Protected by a Hot Spare
When an array is not protected by a hot spare, if a disk drive in that array fails, remove and replace the
failed disk drive. The controller detects the new disk drive and begins to rebuild the array.
If the controller fails to rebuild the array, check that the cables, disk drives, and controllers are properly
installed and connected. Make sure that the new disk drive is equal or greater in size than the failed
disk drive. Then, if necessary, use maxView Storage Manager to rebuild the array. For instructions, refer
to the maxView Storage Manager User’s Guide or the online Help.
10.4.3
Failure in Multiple Arrays Simultaneously
If there's a disk drive failure in more than one array at the same time (one failure per array), and the
arrays have hot spares protecting them, the controller rebuilds the arrays with these limitations:
• A hot spare must be of equal or greater size than the failed disk drive it's replacing.
• Failed disk drives are replaced with hot spares in the order in which they failed. (The array that
includes the disk drive that failed first is rebuilt first, assuming an appropriate hot spare is
available—see bullet above.)
If there are more disk drive failures than hot spares, see Failed Disk Drive Not Protected by a Hot Spare
on page 73.
If copyback is enabled, data is moved back to its original location once the controller detects that the
failed drive has been replaced.
10.4.4
Disk Drive Failure in a RAID 0 Array
Because RAID 0 volumes do not include redundancy, if a disk drive fails in a RAID 0 array, the data can’t
be recovered.
Correct the cause of the failure or replace the failed disk drives. Then, restore your data (if available).
10.4.5
Multiple Failures in the Same Array
Except in RAID 6 and RAID 60 arrays (see Understanding RAID on page 80), if more than one disk drive
fails at the same time in the same array, the data normally can't be recovered.
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Solving Problems
You may be able to recover the data by forcing the logical drive online or by recreating the logical drive
without the initialization step. You can use the BIOS utility, ARC (see About the Microsemi Adaptec RAID
Configuration Utility on page 70), the command-line utility, ARCCONF, or maxView Storage Manager.
For more information, refer to the Microsemi Adaptec RAID Controller Command Line Interface User’s
Guide and maxView Storage Manager User's Guide.
Note: In some instances, RAID 10 and RAID 50 arrays may survive multiple disk drive failures,
depending on which disk drives fail.
10.4.6
Failed SSD in maxCache Device
Because the maxCache Device is a redundant logical device, comprised of SSDs only, it is rebuilt
automatically when a failed SSD is replaced, just like an ordinary array. Once you identify the failed SSD,
for example, by using maxView Storage Manager's rapid fault isolation feature, replace it with a new
one (see Connecting SSDs on page 49). The controller detects the new SSD and begins rebuilding the
maxCache Device.
10.5
Resetting the Controller
You may need to reset, or flash, your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller if it becomes inoperable or if
a firmware upgrade is unsuccessful. Microsemi Adaptec RAID controllers support a reset protocol called
HDA mode flash. For information about HDA mode, see the Readme or contact your support
representative. To locate the flash jumper on your RAID controller board, see the illustrations in About
Your RAID Controller on page 18.
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Introduction to SAS
A
Introduction to SAS
This section provides a basic overview of the main features of SAS, introduces some common SAS terms,
and explains how SAS differs from parallel SCSI.
Note: For technical articles and tutorials about SAS, refer to the SCSI Trade Association (STA™)
Web site at www.scsita.org.
A.1
Terminology Used in This Appendix
For convenience, SAS HBAs and SAS RAID controllers are referred to generically in this chapter as SAS
cards. HBAs, RAID controllers, disk drives, and external disk drive enclosures are referred to as end
devices and expanders are referred to as expander devices.
For convenience, this chapter refers to end devices and expander devices collectively as SAS devices.
A.2
What is SAS?
Legacy parallel SCSI is an interface that lets devices such as computers and disk drives communicate
with each other. Parallel SCSI moves multiple bits of data in parallel (at the same time), using the SCSI
command set.
SAS is an evolution of parallel SCSI to a point-to-point serial interface. SAS also uses the SCSI command
set, but moves multiple bits of data one at a time. SAS links end devices through direct-attach connections,
or through expander devices.
SAS cards can typically support up to 128 end devices and can communicate with both SAS and SATA
devices. (You can add 128 end devices—or even more—with the use of SAS expanders. See SAS Expander
Connections on page 78.)
Note: Although you can use both SAS and SATA disk drives in the same SAS domain (see SAS
Expander Connections on page 78), we recommend that you do not combine SAS and SATA disk
drives within the same array or logical drive. The difference in performance between the two
types of disk drives may adversely affect the performance of the array.
Data can move in both directions simultaneously across a SAS connection (called a link—see How SAS
Devices Communicate on page 75). Link speed is 300 MB/sec in half-duplex mode. Therefore, a SAS
card with eight links has a bandwidth of 2400 MB/sec.
Although they share the SCSI command set, SAS is conceptually different from parallel SCSI physically,
and has its own types of connectors, cables, connection options, and terminology, as described in the
rest of this chapter.
To compare SAS to parallel SCSI, see How is SAS Different from Paralle SCSI? on page 79.
A.3
How Do SAS Devices Communicate?
SAS devices communicate with each other through links. A link is a physical connection between two
phys.
As shown in the following figure, SAS devices contain ports (see What is a SAS Port on page 76), ports
contain phys, and each phy contains one transmitter and one receiver—one transceiver. A phy can
belong to one port only.
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Introduction to SAS
SAS Device
SAS Device
link
Narrow
Phy
Port
Receiver
Transmitter
SAS Device
Wide
Port
Phy
Receiver
Transmitter
Phy
Receiver
Transmitter
Transmitter
Receiver
Phy
Transmitter
Receiver
Phy
Transmitter
Receiver
Phy
Narrow
Port
Wide
Port
SAS Device
Wide
Port
A.4
Phy
Receiver
Transmitter
Transmitter
Receiver
Phy
Phy
Receiver
Transmitter
Transmitter
Receiver
Phy
Phy
Receiver
Transmitter
Transmitter
Receiver
Phy
Phy
Receiver
Transmitter
Transmitter
Receiver
Phy
Wide
Port
What’s a Phy?
Phys are part of the physical communication connection between SAS devices. Each phy contains a
transceiver that sends data back and forth between SAS devices.
When a connection is formed between two end devices, a link is established from a phy in one port to
a phy in the other port. As shown in the figure above, a wide port can support multiple independent
links simultaneously.
Phys are internal, within SAS connectors (see What's a SAS Connector? on page 77).
SAS cables physically connect one or more phys on one SAS device to one or more phys on another SAS
device.
A.5
What’s a SAS Port?
Note: Because the physical link between SAS devices is from phy to phy, rather than port to port,
a “port” is more of a virtual concept, different from what is normally considered a port on other
types of RAID controllers and storage devices.
A port is one or more phys. A narrow port contains one phy. A wide port typically contains four phys.
Each port has its own unique SAS address (see How are Disk Drives Identified? on page 77), and all the
phys in a port share that same SAS address.
SAS card port options vary. A SAS card with four phys could be configured with one wide port, with two
wide ports that comprise two phys, or with four narrow ports each containing one phy. (A wide port
with four phys is referred to as a 4-wide or 4x port.)
A.6
What’s a SAS Address?
Each SAS port is identified with a unique SAS address, which is shared by all phys on that port.
For example, a SAS disk drive might have two narrow ports. Each port has one unique SAS address. The
single phy in each port uses its port’s SAS address.
In another example, a SAS device might have one 4-wide port. That port has one SAS address, which is
shared by all four phys in the port.
Unlike SCSI devices and SCSI IDs, SAS devices self-configure their SAS addresses. User intervention is
not required to set SAS addresses, and SAS addresses cannot be modified.
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A.7
What’s a SAS Connector?
A SAS or mini-SAS connector is the physical plug or receptacle that you see on a SAS device. It's what
you plug a SAS cable into, or the end of the SAS cable that’s being plugged in. (See See Cables on page
39.)
A connector is what forms physical links between phys. Some SAS connectors can support multiple links.
The number of links a SAS connector can support is referred to as its width. Narrow connectors support
a single link; wide connectors supports more than 1 link.
A single SAS device may have one or more connectors. A single SAS connector may help form links
between more than two SAS devices. (For instance, as shown in the figure in Connecting Drives Directly
to the Controller on page 48, the 4-wide internal SAS connector forms links with four independent disk
drives.)
A.8
What do SAS Cables Look Like?
Internal standard SAS cables are narrower than internal parallel SCSI cables. The connectors vary in size
depending on the number of links they support, from single link connectors to 4-wide (or larger)
connectors. Internal fan-out cables let you attach four disk drives to a single 4-wide connector.
Mini-SAS connectors support both internal and external SAS connections. The mini-SAS connectors are
smaller than the standard SAS internal and external connectors. Mini-SAS connectors support single
and multilinks with the ability to scale to future speed needs.
For examples of some internal SAS/mini-SAS cables and an external SAS/mini-SAS cables, see Cables on
page 39.
A.9
How are Disk Drives Identified in SAS?
In the BIOS and in the management utilities (see Identifying Disk Drives on page 98), disk drives are
identified in the following formats:
• CNX:DevY = Device Y is attached to Connector X (see Direct-Attach Connections on page 77 for
more information)
• BoxX:SlotX = Enclosure X is attached to a disk drive in Slot X (see Backplane Connections on page
78 for more information)
• ExpX:PhyX = Expander X is attached to Phy X (see SAS Expander Connections on page 78 for more
information)
where X is the count number.
Note: Devices other than disk drives (CDROM, tape drives, etc...) are listed in order after your
system disk drives.
In parallel SCSI, XX is the disk drive’s channel number, YY is the target number, and ZZ is the logical unit
number (LUN).
A.10
What are the SAS Connection Options?
You can connect end devices to each other through direct cable connections and through backplane
connections. When you use one or more expander devices (see SAS Expander Connections on page 78),
you can create large configurations.
A.10.1
Direct-attach Connections
In a direct-attach connection, SAS or SATA disk drives are connected directly to a SAS card with SAS or
mini-SAS cables. One disk drive is attached to one SAS/mini-SAS connector with one SAS/mini-SAS cable
(or multiple disk drives are attached to one SAS/mini-SAS connector with one fan-out cable). The figure
in Connecting Drives Directly to the Controller on page 48 shows an example of direct-attach connections.
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Introduction to SAS
The number of direct-attached disk drives is limited to the number of phys supported by the SAS card.
(Note that there may be multiple phys within a single connector. See SAS Expander Connections on
page 78.)
A.10.2
Backplane Connections
In a backplane connection, disk drives and SAS cards are attached to and communicate with each other
through a system backplane.
There are two types of backplane connections, passive and active. When connecting to either backplane,
it's important to properly connect your disk drive LEDs in order to identify disk drive conditions. See
About Your RAID Controller on page 18 for your RAID controller Activity LED connections and locations.
Once you have connected to a backplane, use maxView Storage Manager to manage your disk drives.
For more information, refer to the maxView Storage Manager User's Guide.
The number of end devices is limited to the number of slots available on the backplane.
Some backplanes support daisy-chain expansion to other backplanes, allowing you to connect multiple
enclosures to a single SAS card in a host system.
A.10.3
SAS Expander Connections
A SAS expander device literally expands the number of end devices that you can connect together.
Expander devices, typically embedded into a system backplane (see Backplane Connections on page
78), support large configurations of SAS end devices, including SAS cards and SAS and SATA disk drives.
With expander devices, you can build large and complex storage topologies.
There are two types of SAS expanders: fanout expanders and edge expanders. Each performs a different
role in a storage system. (For more information about how SAS expanders work, refer to the STA Web
site at www.scsita.org.)
You can connect up to 128 SAS ports to an edge expander. (A single edge expander can therefore support
up to 128 SAS addresses.)
You can connect up to 128 edge expanders to a fanout expander.
You can use only one fanout expander in any single SAS domain (a topology of SAS—and possibly
SATA—end devices and expander devices). A single SAS domain can therefore comprise up to 16,384
SAS ports (and therefore up to 16,384 SAS addresses including the fanout expander).
The next figure illustrates (in very basic terms) a SAS domain and shows how SAS cards, SAS and SATA
disk drives, and expander devices can fit together in a large data storage topology.
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A.11
How is SAS Different from Parallel SCSI?
In summary, although SAS and parallel SCSI both use the SCSI command set, how they move data from
one place to another is very different. To support point-to-point serial data transport, SAS introduces
new types of connectors, cables, connection options, and terminology.
Generally speaking, SAS is faster and more flexible than parallel SCSI, and provides more options for
building your storage space. SAS lets you mix SAS and SATA disk drives together, and lets you connect
many, many more devices.
This table describes many of the main differences between the two interfaces.
Parallel SCSI
Serial Attached SCSI
Parallel interface
Serial interface
Maximum speed 320 MB/sec shared by all devices
on the bus
Maximum speed 300 MB/sec per phy when in half-duplex
mode
Supports SCSI devices only
Supports SATA and SAS disk drives simultaneously
Up to 16 devices per SCSI channel
More than 100 disk drives per SAS card, using an expander
(see SAS Expander Connections on page 78) or 50 SATAII
disk drives.
Supports single-port devices only
Supports single- and dual-port devices
Uses SCSI IDs to differentiate between devices connected to the same adapter
Uses unique SAS addresses to differentiate between devices
User intervention required to set SCSI IDs
SAS addresses self-configured by SAS devices
Requires bus termination
Requires no bus termination
Standard SCSI connectors
SAS connectors (see Cables on page 39)
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Understanding RAID
B
Understanding RAID
When you create arrays (or logical drives), you can assign a RAID level to protect your data.
Each RAID level offers a unique combination of performance and redundancy. RAID levels also vary by
the number of disk drives they support.
This appendix describes the RAID levels supported by your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller, and
provides a basic overview of each to help you select the best level of protection for your data storage.
B.1
Understanding Drive Segments
A drive segment is a disk drive or portion of a disk drive that is used to create an array. A disk drive can
include both RAID segments (segments that are part of an array) and available segments. Each segment
can be part of only one logical device at a time. If a disk drive is not part of any logical device, the entire
disk is an available segment.
B.2
Non-redundant Arrays (RAID 0)
An array with RAID 0 includes two or more disk drives and provides data striping, where data is distributed
evenly across the disk drives in equal-sized sections. However, RAID 0 arrays do not maintain redundant
data, so they offer no data protection.
Compared to an equal-sized group of independent disks, a RAID 0 array provides improved I/O
performance.
Drive segment size is limited to the size of the smallest disk drive in the array. For instance, an array
with two 250 GB disk drives and two 400 GB disk drives can create a RAID 0 drive segment of 250 GB,
for a total of 1000 GB for the volume, as shown in this figure.
Disk Drive 1
250 GB
Disk Drive 2
250 GB
Disk Drive 3
400 GB
Drive Segment Size
(Smallest Disk Drive)
Disk Drive 1
1 5 . . . 997
Disk Drive 2
2 6 . . . 998
Disk Drive 3
3 7 . . . 999
Unused Space = 150 GB
Disk Drive 4
Disk Drive 4
4 8 . . . 1000
400 GB
Disk Drives in Logical Drive
Unused Space = 150 GB
RAID 0 Logical Drive = 1000 GB
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Understanding RAID
B.3
RAID 1 Arrays
A RAID 1 array is built from two disk drives, where one disk drive is a mirror of the other (the same data
is stored on each disk drive). Compared to independent disk drives, RAID 1 arrays provide improved
performance, with up to twice the read rate and an equal write rate of single disks. However, capacity
is only 50 percent of independent disk drives.
If the RAID 1 array is built from different- sized disk drives, the free space, drive segment size is the size
of the smaller disk drive, as shown in this figure.
Drive Segment Size
(Smallest Disk Drive)
Disk Drive 1
Disk Drive 2
250 GB
400 GB
Disk Drive 1
1 – 250
Disk Drive 2
1 – 250
Unused Space = 150 GB
RAID 1 Logical Drive = 250 GB
Disk Drives in Logical Drive
B.4
RAID 1 Enhanced Arrays
A RAID 1 Enhanced (RAID 1E) array—also known as a striped mirror—is similar to a RAID 1 array except
that data is both mirrored and striped, and more disk drives can be included. A RAID 1E array can be
built from three or more disk drives.
In this example, the large bold numbers represent the striped data, and the smaller, non-bold numbers
represent the mirrored data stripes.
Disk Drive 1
400 GB
Disk Drive 2
400 GB
Disk Drive 3
400 GB
Disk Drives in Logical Drive
Disk Drive 1
3
6
Disk Drive 2
1
4
Disk Drive 3
2
5
RAID 1E Logical Drive = 600 GB
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Understanding RAID
B.5
RAID 10 Arrays
A RAID 10 array is built from two or more equal-sized RAID 1 arrays. Data in a RAID 10 array is both
striped and mirrored. Mirroring provides data protection, and striping improves performance.
Drive segment size is limited to the size of the smallest disk drive in the array. For instance, an array
with two 250 GB disk drives and two 400 GB disk drives can create two mirrored drive segments of 250
GB, for a total of 500 GB for the array, as shown in this figure.
Disk Drive 1
250 GB
Disk Drive 2
250 GB
Disk Drive 3
400 GB
Drive Segment Size
(Smallest Disk Drive)
Disk Drive 1
1 3
. . . 499
Disk Drive 2
2 4
. . . 500
Disk Drive 3
1 3
. . . 499
Unused Space = 150 GB
Disk Drive 4
Disk Drive 4
2 4
. . . 500
400 GB
Disk Drives in Logical Drive
Unused Space = 150 GB
RAID 10 Logical Drive = 500 GB
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Understanding RAID
B.6
RAID 5 Arrays
A RAID 5 array is built from a minimum of three disk drives, and uses data striping and parity data to
provide redundancy. Parity data provides data protection, and striping improves performance.
Parity data is an error-correcting redundancy that’s used to re-create data if a disk drive fails. In RAID
5 arrays, parity data (represented by Ps in the next figure) is striped evenly across the disk drives with
the stored data.
Drive segment size is limited to the size of the smallest disk drive in the array. For instance, an array
with two 250 GB disk drives and two 400 GB disk drives can contain 750 GB of stored data and 250 GB
of parity data, as shown in this figure.
Disk Drive 1
250 GB
Disk Drive 2
250 GB
Disk Drive 3
400 GB
Drive Segment Size
(Smallest Disk Drive)
Disk Drive 1
1 4
.. .
P
Disk Drive 2
2 5
. . . 748
Disk Drive 3
3 P
. . . 749
Unused Space = 150 GB
Disk Drive 4
Disk Drive 4
P 6
. . . 750
400 GB
Disk Drives in Logical Drive
Unused Space = 150 GB
RAID 5 Logical Drive = 750 GB plus Parity
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Understanding RAID
B.7
RAID 5EE Arrays
A RAID 5EE array—also known as a hot space—is similar to a RAID 5 array except that it includes a
distributed spare drive and must be built from a minimum of four disk drives.
Unlike a hot spare, a distributed spare is striped evenly across the disk drives with the stored data and
parity data, and can’t be shared with other logical disk drives. A distributed spare improves the speed
at which the array is rebuilt following a disk drive failure.
A RAID 5EE array protects your data and increases read and write speeds. However, capacity is reduced
by two disk drives’ worth of space, which is for parity data and spare data.
In this figure, S represents the distributed spare, P represents the distributed parity data.
Disk Drive 1
250 GB
Disk Drive 2
250 GB
Disk Drive 3
400 GB
Drive Segment Size
(Smallest Disk Drive)
Disk Drive 1
1 S
.. .
P
Disk Drive 2
2 P
. . . 449
Disk Drive 3
S 3
.. .
S
Unused Space = 150 GB
Disk Drive 4
Disk Drive 4
P 4
. . . 500
400 GB
Disk Drives in Logical Drive
Unused Space = 150 GB
Based on the drive segment sizes used:
RAID 5EE Logical Drive = 500 GB plus parity
and hot spare
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Understanding RAID
B.8
RAID 50 Arrays
A RAID 50 array is built from six to forty-eight disk drives configured as two or more RAID 5 arrays, and
stripes stored data and parity data across all disk drives in both RAID 5 arrays. (For more information,
see RAID 5 Arrays on page 83.)
The parity data provides data protection, and striping improves performance. RAID 50 arrays also provide
high data transfer speeds.
Drive segment size is limited to the size of the smallest disk drive in the array. For example, three 250
GB disk drives and three 400 GB disk drives comprise two equal-sized RAID 5 arrays with 500 GB of
stored data and 250 GB of parity data. The RAID 50 array can therefore contain 1000 GB (2 x 500 GB)
of stored data and 500 GB of parity data.
In this figure, P represents the distributed parity data.
RAID 50
Logical Drive
=
1000 GB
plus Parity
RAID 5
A
Each RAID 5 Logical Drive has
500 GB Data Storage
250 GB Parity Data
1, 5, P
3, P, 9
P, 7, 11
Drive 1
250 GB
Drive 2
250 GB
Drive 3
250 GB
RAID 5
B
2, 6, P
4, P, 10
P, 8, 12
Drive 4
400 GB
Drive 5
400 GB
Drive 6
400 GB
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Space = 150 GB
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Understanding RAID
B.9
RAID 6 Arrays
A RAID 6 array—also known as dual drive failure protection—is similar to a RAID 5 array because it uses
data striping and parity data to provide redundancy. However, RAID 6 arrays include two independent
sets of parity data instead of one. Both sets of parity data are striped separately across all disk drives
in the array.
RAID 6 arrays provide extra protection for your data because they can recover from two simultaneous
disk drive failures. However, the extra parity calculation slows performance (compared to RAID 5 arrays).
RAID 6 arrays must be built from at least four disk drives. Maximum stripe size depends on the number
of disk drives in the array.
Disk Drive 1
250 GB
Disk Drive 2
250 GB
Disk Drive 3
400 GB
Drive Segment Size
(Smallest Disk Drive)
Disk Drive 1
1 P1 . . . P2
Disk Drive 2
2 P2 . . . 449
Disk Drive 3
P1 3 . . . P1
Unused Space = 150 GB
Disk Drive 4
Disk Drive 4
Disk Drives in Logical Drive
B.10
P2 4 . . . 500
400 GB
Unused Space = 150 GB
Based on the drive segment sizes used:
RAID 6 Logical Drive = 500 GB plus parity
(P1 & P2)
RAID 60 Arrays
Similar to a RAID 50 array (see RAID 50 Arrays on page 85), a RAID 60 array—also known as dual drive
failure protection—is built from eight disk drives configured as two or more RAID 6 arrays, and stripes
stored data and two sets of parity data across all disk drives in both RAID 6 arrays.
Two sets of parity data provide enhanced data protection, and striping improves performance. RAID 60
arrays also provide high data transfer speeds.
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Understanding RAID
B.11
Comparing RAID Levels
Use this table to select the RAID levels that are most appropriate for the logical drives on your storage
space, based on the number of available disk drives and your requirements for performance and reliability.
RAID Level
Redundancy
Disk Drive
Write Performance
Built-in Hot
Spare
Minimum
Usage
Read Performance
Disk Drives
RAID 0
No
100%
***
***
No
2
RAID 1
Yes
50%
**
**
No
2
RAID 1E
Yes
50%
**
**
No
3
RAID 10
Yes
50%
**
**
No
4
RAID 5
Yes
67 – 94%
***
*
No
3
RAID 5EE
Yes
50 – 88%
***
*
Yes
4
RAID 50
Yes
67 – 94%
***
*
No
6
RAID 6
Yes
50 – 88%
**
*
No
4
RAID 60
Yes
50 – 88%
**
*
No
8
Disk drive usage, read performance, and write performance depend on the number of drives in the
logical drive. In general, the more drives, the better the performance.
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Using the Microsemi Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility
C
Using the Microsemi Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility
The Microsemi Adaptec RAID Configuration (ARC) utility is a BIOS-based utility that you can use to create
arrays and manage controllers, disk drives and other devices.
C.1
Introduction to the ARC Utility
The ARC utility comprises these tools:
• Logical Device Configuration—For creating and managing arrays, and initializing and rescanning
disk drives (see Using the ARC Utility to Create and Manage Arrays on page 89).
Note: On Microsemi Adaptec Series 6 controllers, the tool for creating and managing arrays
is called "Array Configuration Utility".
• Controller Settings—For modifying your controller settings (see Using the ARC Utility to Modify
Controller Settings on page 93).
• Disk Utilities—For formatting or verifying disk drives (see Drives on page 98), locating disk drives,
or setting the drive-specific write cache policy.
• Administration (uEFI only)—For flashing the controller, updating the CPLD, and creating a support
archive (see Updating the Controller Firmware on page 99).
C.1.1
Ctrl-A or uEFI/HII?
Your Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller supports two interfaces to the BIOS-level RAID configuration
options of the ARC utility: Ctrl-A and uEFI/HII. On computers that support the Unified Extensible Firmware
Interface, or uEFI (version 2.10 or higher), the BIOS-level RAID configuration options are presented with
a HII interface, or Human Interaction Infrastructure, rather than the Microsemi Adaptec Ctrl-A interface
described in this chapter. uEFI/HII provides an architecture-independent mechanism for initializing
add-in cards, like the Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller, and rendering contents to the screen in a
uniform way.
In the uEFI/HII interface, access to the RAID controller configuration options is provided through the
computer's standard BIOS. How you access the BIOS varies, depending on the computer manufacturer,
but typically it's started by simply pressing DEL. Once you enter setup, navigate to the "PMC maxView
Storage Manager" option, typically on the BIOS' "Advanced" menu, then scan for and select a controller.
From that point on, the uEFI/HII menus and the Ctrl-A menus for configuring your RAID controller are
almost identical. For example, the top-most menu contains the same three options: Logical Device
Configuration, Controller Settings, Disk Utilities (described above). But it also contains the Administration
option, which is available only in the uEFI/HII menu. Options in the lower-level menus are also similar.
In both interfaces, all the tools are menu-based and instructions for completing tasks appear on-screen.
Menus can be navigated using the arrows, Enter, Esc, and other keys on your keyboard.
This chapter provides instructions for navigating and completing tasks with the Ctrl-A interface. To
complete tasks with the uEFI/HII interface:
• Refer to the on-screen instructions for keyboard navigation and selection options.
• Refer to the option descriptions in this chapter for details about individual RAID configuration
settings and tasks.
Note: Some RAID configuration options are available only in the uEFI/HII interface. uEFi options
are noted in the task descriptions below.
C.1.2
Running the ARC Utility
If your Microsemi Adaptec controller is connected to a RAID enclosure, power on your enclosure (or
enclosures) before you power on your computer.
Start or restart your computer. When prompted, press Ctrl+A.
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During boot up, if your system has insufficient memory this message displays:
“Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility will load after, system initialization. Please wait... Or press <Enter> Key to
attempt loading the utility forcibly [Generally, not recommended]”
Note: The first time you power on your computer after you install a new controller, the BIOS may
display a configuration that doesn't match your system's configuration. This is normal.
C.2
Using the ARC Utility to Create and Manage Arrays
To use the ARC utility to create and manage arrays, start the ARC utility (see Running the ARC Utility on
page 88), select your controller (if you have more than one), then press Enter. Select Logical Device
Configuration (or Array Configuration Utility on Series 6 controllers) from the ARC main menu, then
press Enter.
Follow the on-screen instructions to create and manage arrays, and initialize, rescan, and erase disk
drives.
C.2.1
Creating a New Array
To begin creating an array, select Create Arrays from the Logical Device Configuration menu.
Only disk drives that can be used in a new array are available for selection. (Disk drives must be initialized
before they can be used in an array. See Initializing Disk Drives on page 91 for more information.)
Note:
• To create a hybrid array that leverages the performance benefits of the SSDs in your system,
you must select an equal number SSDs and HDDs. You can create a hybrid RAID1 or hybrid
RAID10 only.
• When you create an all SSD array, we recommend disabling all caching, including maxCache
caching. If any caching is enabled when you create the array, you will be prompted to turn
caching off.
Use the Array Properties menu to modify the array's RAID level, size, name, stripe size, cache settings,
and maxCache settings.
Note: For more information about RAID levels and using disk drives to create arrays, see Choosing
a RAID Level on page 39. For more information about maxCache, see Modifying Cache Settings
on page 90.
C.2.2
Managing Existing Arrays
To view or modify existing arrays, select Manage Arrays from the Logical Device Configuration menu.
From the Manage Arrays menu, you can:
• View the properties of an array.
Note: Failed drives are displayed in a different text color.
•
•
•
•
•
C.2.2.1
Make an array bootable (see Creating Bootable Arrays on page 89).
Assign or remove hot spares.
Modify power management settings.
Change the cache settings for an array.
Delete an array.
Caution: Before deleting an array, back up the data to avoid permanently losing it.
Creating Bootable Arrays
Note: You may need to change the system BIOS to modify the boot order. For more information,
refer to your computer documentation.
The controller always uses the lowest numbered array as its bootable array.
To make an array bootable:
1. Select Manage Arrays from the Logical Device Configuration menu.
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2. Select the array that you want to make bootable, then press Ctrl+B.
Note: You cannot make an array bootable while it's building, verifying, or rebuilding.
The array's number changes to Array 00, which makes this array the controller's boot array.
3. Restart your computer.
C.2.2.2
Modifying Power Management Settings
Power management settings switch the array to low power state when it is inactive for a specific time.
To modify power management settings:
1. Select Manage Arrays from the Logical Device Configuration menu.
2. Select the array, then press Ctrl+W.
In the power management console, enter these details:
C.2.2.3
Option
Description
Power Management
When enabled, switches the array to low power state, when the array/drive is
inactive.
Slow Down Drive After
The duration of inactive state of the array/drive after which it is slowed down to
low power mode. This is an optional setting.
Note: The disk drive should support low power mode.
Power Off Drive After
The duration of inactive state of the array/drive after which it is powered off.
This is an optional setting.
Note: Power Off Drive After duration should be greater than Slow Down
Drive After Duration.
Verify Drive After
The regular time interval at which the system performs a health check of the array/
drive.
Modifying Cache Settings
You can modify the read and write cache settings for an array. You can also modify the maxCache
settings. maxCache uses the compatible Solid State Drives (SSDs) in your system as fast cache memory
to improve performance for both read and write operations in I/O-intensive applications with mixed
workloads.
Note: maxCache SSD Caching is supported on Microsemi Adaptec Series Q controllers only.
To modify the cache settings for an array:
1. Select Manage Arrays from the Logical Device Configuration menu.
2. Select the array, then press Ctrl+C.
The Modify Cache Settings window opens.
3. Enable or disable read caching.
4. Press Tab.
5. Enable or disable write caching:
• Select Enable always for “write-back” caching
• Select Enable with Backup Unit if your controller has a zero-maintenance cache protection module
• Select Disable for “write-through” caching
6. Press Tab.
7. Select the maxCache Read Cache setting (Enable/Disable).
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8. Select the maxCache Write Cache setting (Enable/Disable).
9. Press Enter to accept the values.
C.2.3
Initializing Disk Drives
If a disk drive appears grayed-out (unavailable for use in a new array), it may need to be initialized.
To begin initializing a disk drive, select Initialize Drives from the Logical Device Configuration menu.
You can initialize one drive or multiple drives. If an error occurs during initialization, the message
“Initializing drives...FAILED x of n” is displayed. Press Enter to see a list of drives that failed to initialize.
Press Esc to continue.
Caution: Do not initialize a disk drive that is part of an array. Initializing a disk drive that's part of
an array may make the array unusable. Back up all data from your disk drive before you initialize
it.
C.2.4
Rescanning Disk Drives
To begin rescanning a disk drive, select Rescan Drives from the Logical Device Configuration menu.
C.2.5
Secure Erasing Disk Drives
When you perform a secure erase on a disk drive, all data on that disk drive is completely and irretrievably
eradicated. Secure erase performs three distinct writing passes to the disk drive being erased—it does
not just write zeros.
Performing a secure erase takes up to six times longer than clearing (or zeroing) a disk drive; on a 2TB
or 3TB drive, often it takes hours, possibly as long as a day! You may want to perform a secure erase
only on disk drives that contain confidential or classified information.
Note: To erase (or zero) a disk drive with non-classified information, you may choose to format
it (see Formatting and Verifying Disk Drives on page 98) instead, or initialize it using maxView
Storage Manager—both options take much less time than the secure erase option.
To begin a secure erase, select Secure Erase from the Logical Device Configuration menu, then select
Y (yes). To return to the main Logical Device Configuration menu once the secure erase has begun, press
Esc.
Note: For newer SATA drives, you can choose to perform a Secure ATA Erase, which implements
the secure erase feature at the drive firmware level. To start a Secure ATA Erase, select a SATA
drive, then type Ctrl-S to open the Secure ATA Erase dialog. You will see this dialog only if the
drive supports Secure ATA Erase.
The selected disk drive(s) cannot be used until the erase is complete.
C.2.5.1
Stopping a Secure Erase
To stop a secure erase in progress:
1. In the Logical Device Configuration menu, select Secure Erase.
2. Select the disk drive being secure erased, then press Ctrl+Q.
The secure erase stops and you return to the main Logical Device Configuration menu.
C.2.6
Uninitializing Disk Drives
Note: This option is available on Microsemi Adaptec Series 7 and Series 8 controllers only.
Uninitializes one or more physical drives. This option clears Microsemi Adaptec meta-data and reserved
space and any OS partitions from a drive; any existing data on the drive is destroyed. Drives can
uninitialized only if they are not part of any array.
Note: Uninitialized drives are surfaced to the OS as RAW Pass Through Devices. Typically, they
are used with the controller in HBA mode. Uninitialized drives are also compatible with any HBA
and can be exchanged with drives on the motherboard's SATA interface. For more information
about uninitialized devices and controller modes, see General Controller Settings on page 93.
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To begin uninitializing a disk drive, select Uninitialize Drives from the Logical Device Configuration menu,
then type Y to continue.
C.2.7
Managing Global Hot Spares
Note: For Microsemi Adaptec Series 7 and Series 8 controllers, this option is available in the uEFI
interface only.
A hot spare is a disk drive that automatically replaces any failed drive in a logical drive. A global hot
spare is not assigned to a specific logical drive. It protects any logical drive on the controller (except
RAID 0 logical drives). You can create and delete global hot spares even if no arrays exist.
To create and delete global hot spares:
1. Select Global Hotspares from the Logical Device Configuration menu.
The Global Hotspare Management window opens.
2. Using the arrow keys, select a drive from the list. Existing hot spares are highlighted.
3. Press Ins to create a new global hot spare. Press Del to delete a hot spare.
4. Press Enter to save your changes and return to the main menu.
C.2.8
Creating and Managing JBODs
Note: This option is available on Microsemi Adaptec Series 6 controllers only.
Follow the on-screen instructions to create and manage JBODs.
C.2.8.1
Creating a New JBOD
A JBOD disk appears as a physical disk drive to the operating system. A JBOD disk is not redundant and
not bootable.
To begin creating a JBOD, select Create JBOD from the Logical Device Configuration menu. All the
supported disk drives are displayed. Select a disk drive and Enter.
C.2.8.2
Managing Existing JBODs
To delete a JBOD or morph a JBOD into a simple volume, select Manage JBODs from the Logical Device
Configuration menu.
From the Manage JBODs menu, you can:
• Morph a JBOD into a simple volume.
• Delete a JBOD
Note: When you delete a JBOD, you lose all data on that disk.
C.2.8.3
Converting a JBOD Into a Simple Volume
You can convert any JBOD into a simple volume.
1. Select Manage JBODs from the main Logical Device Configuration menu.
2. Select the JBOD that you want to morph into a simple volume and press Ctrl+V.
C.2.9
Managing the maxCache Pool
Note: This option is available on Microsemi Adaptec Series 6Q controllers only.
Microsemi Adaptec maxCache uses the compatible Solid State Drives (SSDs) in your system as fast cache
memory for read-intensive operations. Before you can enable maxCache read caching on a logical device
(see Modifying Cache Settings on page 90), you must assign at least one SSD to the maxCache pool.
Note: You can configure the maxCache pool only if you have one or more compatible Solid State
Drives installed on the RAID controllers in your system. For a list of maxCache-compatible SSDs,
refer to the Adaptec Web site at www.adaptec.com/compatibility.
To add a SSD to the maxCache pool or to remove a SSD from the pool:
1. Select Manage MaxCache Pool from the Logical Device Configuration menu.
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All supported SSDs are displayed.
Note: Uninitialized SSDs may not appear in the list; see Initializing Disk Drives on page 91 for
more information.
2. Using the arrow keys, select a SSD from the list.
3. Press Ins to add the SSD to the maxCache pool.
4. To remove a SSD from the pool, press the right arrow to switch windows, use the arrow keys to
select a SSD, then press Del.
5. Press Enter to save your changes and return to the main menu.
C.3
Using the ARC Utility to Modify Controller Settings
The ARC Controller Settings tool allows you to modify the settings of your controller and the disk drives
connected to it.
C.3.1
Opening the Controller Settings Tool
To open the ARC Controller Settings tool, start the ARC utility (see Running the ARC Utility on page 88),
select Controller Settings from the ARC main menu, then press Enter.
Follow the on-screen instructions to modify the settings of your controller and connected disk drives,
as needed.
C.3.2
Applying Changes and Exiting
1. To exit the Controller Settings tool, press Esc until you are prompted to exit.
If you modified any settings, you are prompted to save the changes before you exit.
2. Select Yes to exit, then press any key to restart your computer.
Any changes you made take effect after the computer restarts.
C.3.3
Modifying Your Controller’s Configuration
Note: Default controller settings are suitable for most computers. We recommend that you do
not change the default setting.
To modify your controller's basic settings, select Controller Configuration from the main Controller
Settings menu.
To modify your controller's power management settings, select Advanced Configuration.
Some options may not be available for your controller.
C.3.3.1
General Controller Settings
Note: Default settings are shown in bold type.
Option
Description
Drive's Write Cache
When set to Enable All, write cache is enabled on all disk drives on the controller.
(Enabling the write cache overrides any individual drive settings in maxView
Storage Manager or the BIOS.) When set to Disable All, write cache is not used
on the disk drives. When set to Drive Specific, write cache is enabled/disabled on
a per-drive basis. Default is Drive Specific.
Caution: When write cache is enabled, there is a slight possibility of data
loss or corruption during a power failure.
Runtime BIOS
When enabled, the controller BIOS allows the controller to act as a bootable device. Disabling the BIOS allows another controller to act as a bootable device.
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Option
Description
Automatic Failover
When enabled, the controller automatically rebuilds an array when a failed disk
drive is replaced. When disabled, the array must be rebuilt manually.
Array Background Consistency When enabled, the controller constantly verifies a redundant array. Note that
Check
there may be a significant performance reduction. Default is disabled.
Device-based BBS Support
When enabled in systems that support BBS, the controller presents attached
bootable devices up to the BIOS for boot device selection. This is relevant for
logical arrays. Default is disabled.
SATA Native Command Queu- When enabled, NCQ is enabled. Only available with SATA II disk drives.
ing (NCQ)
Physical Drives Display During When enabled, connected disk drives are displayed during system Power On Self
POST
Test (POST). Displaying the disk drives adds a few seconds to the overall POST
time. Default is disabled.
DVD/CD-ROM Boot Support
When enabled, the system can be booted from a bootable DVD/CD. (This setting
is not available on all RAID controller models.)
Removable Media Devices
Boot Support
When enabled, removable media devices, such as CD drives, are supported. (This
setting is not available on all RAID controller models.)
Alarm Control
When enabled, the alarm sounds. Default is enabled.
Note: When the alarm is turned off (disabled), it will remain off after a
reboot.
Default Background Task Prior- Sets the default priority for background tasks on the controller (such as logical
ity
drive creation) to High, Medium, or Low. Default is High.
Note: This setting applies to new tasks. It does not affect currently running
tasks.
LED Indication Mode
When set to Activity and Fault, the drive activity LEDs blink to indicate I/O activity
(randomly depending on I/O load) and fault (steady 1Hz). When set to Fault Only,
the drive activity LEDs blink to indicate fault state only. For Series 6/6E controllers
only. Default is Fault Only.
Backplane Mode
Microsemi Adaptec Series 6 Controllers (except Series 6E/6T):
When set to Auto, controller automatically detects backplane signal type: I2C or
SGPIO. To set the backplane mode explicitly select SGPIO, I2C, or Disabled. Default
is Auto.
Microsemi Adaptec Series 7, Series 8, and Series 6E/6T Controllers:
When set to Default, controller automatically sets the backplane mode to IBPI.
To set the backplane mode explicitly, select IBPI, SGPIO, or Disabled. Default is
IBPI.
Note: With the default IBPI setting, the firmware sends a SGPIO "Backplane_TYPE" signal if it recognizes that a SGPIO Backplane is connected. If
any connected SGPIO backplane does not support the "Backplane_TYPE"
signal, or it does not support the IBPI protocol, you can manually set the
Backplane Mode to "SGPIO".
Table 1 • IBPI LED Blink Pattern
2 LEDs per Slot
Interpretation
Activity LED Status LED
3 LEDs per Slot
Activity LED Locate LED Fail LED
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Option
Description
Off
X
Off
X
X
Drive
On
present, no
activity
X
On
X
X
Drive
4Hz (Blink)
present, activity
X
4Hz (Blink)
X
X
Locate
(Identify)
4Hz (Blink)
4Hz (Blink)
X
4Hz (Blink)
Off
Fail
X
On
X
Off
On
Rebuild
X
1Hz (Blink)
X
Off
1Hz (Blink)
Drive not
present
Table 2 • SGPIO LED Blink Pattern
Interpretation
Activity LED
Locate LED
Fail LED
Activity
On
X
X
No activity
Off
X
X
Locate (Identify)
X
On
Off
Fail
X
Off
On
Rebuild
X
On
On
Selectable Performance Mode When set to Dynamic, performance criteria adjusts automatically based on controller usage, RAID level, and disk drive type. When set to OLTP/Db, performance
criteria is optimized for transaction-oriented applications, such as data entry and
retrieval. When set to Big Block Bypass, DRAM write cache is bypassed based on
IO write size; performance criteria is optimized for serving Web pages, file serving,
and data retrieval. When set to User Defined, you are prompted to use the OS
tools to set individual parameters (contact Microsemi Adaptec support for more
information). Default is Dynamic.
Controller Mode
Microsemi Adaptec Series 7 and Series 8 Controllers Only:
•
•
•
•
When set to RAID: Expose RAW mode, all RAID functions of the controller
are enabled. Attached drives without Microsemi Adaptec meta-data are
surfaced to the host operating system as RAW Pass Through devices (similar
to JBODs on legacy Adaptec controllers).
When set to RAID: Hide RAW mode, all RAID functions of the controller are
enabled, but RAW devices are not exposed to the operating system.
When set to HBA Mode, attached drives are surfaced as RAW devices. The
intent of this mode is to allow the RAID controller to act and be used as an
HBA. Changing into HBA mode is allowed only if there are no drives with
Microsemi Adaptec meta-data attached to the controller, including hot spare
drives (see Uninitializing Disk Drives on page 91 for more information).
Uninitialized drives are compatible with any HBA and can be exchanged with
drives on the motherboard's SATA interface.
When set to Auto Volume Mode, attached drives without Microsemi Adaptec
meta-data, but with an OS partition, are surfaced to the host operating system as RAW devices, where the RAID layer of the controller firmware is by-
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Option
Description
•
passed when the host issues commands to the device. Attached drives
without Microsemi Adaptec meta-data and without OS partitions, are automatically configured as Simple Volumes (single drives with Microsemi Adaptec
meta-data). In Auto Volume Mode, you can create up to a maximum of 128
Simple Volumes; no other RAID types are supported. Auto Volume Mode
enables DRAM caching on rotating media to help reduce latency and accelerate performance.
When set to Simple Volume mode, you can create Simple Volumes only (up
to a maximum of 128 volumes); no other RAID types are supported.
Note: Before you can change into Auto Volume mode or Simple Volume
mode, you must delete existing RAID arrays, maxCache Devices, and hot
spares drives (if any).
Default is RAID: Expose RAW mode.
Max Link Speed (uEFI only)
C.3.3.2
Sets the maximum connection speed for SAS devices to 6Gb/s or 12Gb/s. Default
is taken from firmware.
Power Management Settings
Note: Default settings are shown in bold type.
Option
Description
Power Management Settings
When enabled, switches the system to low power state, based on the specified
settings.
Time Zone
The time zone of the place in which the system is located. Time specific power
management settings are implemented based on the set time zone. By default, it is
set to 00:00.
The valid range for the time zone settings is -12:00 to +12:00.
Stay Awake Start
The time from which the system should operate in the full power mode, irrespective
of other power management settings, daily. By default it is set to 00:00.
The valid range is 00:00 to 23:59.
Stay Awake End
The time until which the system should operate in the full power mode, irrespective
of other power management settings, daily. By default it is set to 00:00.
The valid range is 00:00 to 23:59.
C.3.3.3
Spin Up Limit (Internal)
The number of internal drives to be spun up at wakeup. By default it is set to 0. In
the default setting, all the internal drives will spin up.
Spin Up Limit (External)
The number of external drives to be spun up at wakeup. By default it is set to 0. In
the default setting, all the external drives will spin up.
Preserving the Controller Cache
Note: This option is available in the uEFI interface only.
Follow the on-screen instructions to toggle the controller's cache preservation policy; clear the preserved
cache for one or more logical drives; and check the controller cache preservation state.
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C.3.3.3.1
Enabling and Disabling Controller Cache Preservation
This option toggles the controller cache preservation state. With cache preservation enabled, the system
preserves the controller's DDR cache to prevent data loss in the event of (1) a power failure or unsafe
shutdown of external enclosures while the host system, with the controller, still has power; and (2)
connectivity problems with drives.
"Dirty pages" (data that have not been committed to disk) are restored to the cache when power is
restored and the logical drives on the controller are back online. Once the preserved cache is restored,
the controller flushes the data to disk using its normal scheduling mechanism.
Note: You cannot enable maxCache read and/or write caching on a controller with cache
preservation enabled. In addition, the following operations are not permitted on a controller in
the cache preserved state:
• Creating a logical drive
• Changing the Performance mode
• Running a consistency check
• Changing the RAID Level of a logical drive
• Forcing a logical drive online or offline
• Changing the cache page size
To enable controller cache preservation:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
C.3.3.3.2
Start the ARC utility in uEFI mode (see Running the ARC Utility on page 88).
Scan for controllers, then select the controller you want.
Select Controller Settings.
Select Controller Configuration, then select Cache Preservation.
Select Enabled.
Clearing the Controller Cache
You can clear the preserved dirty cache (data not committed to disk) for a specific logical drive or for
all logical drives on the controller if you expect a failed enclosure or logical drive to remain offline.
To clear the cache for all logical drives on the controller:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Start the ARC utility in uEFI mode (see Running the ARC Utility on page 88).
Scan for controllers, then select the controller you want.
Select Controller Settings.
Select Clear Cache Preserved on Controller.
To clear the cache for a specific logical drive:
1.
2.
3.
4.
C.3.3.3.3
Start the ARC utility in uEFI mode (see Running the ARC Utility on page 88).
Scan for controllers, then select the controller you want.
Select Logical Device Configuration, then select a logical drive.
Select Clear Cache Preserved.
Checking the Cache Preservation Status
To check the controller's cache preservation status, select Controller State from the Controller Settings,
Advanced Configuration menu. With cache preservation enabled, the controller enters the Cache
Preserved state; otherwise, it remains in the Optimal state.
C.3.4
Checking Backup Unit Status
To check the status of the controller's flash backup unit, select Backup Unit Status from the Controller
Settings menu. Table 3 • Backup Unit Status describes the backup unit states. This option is available
only if the controller is configured with a flash backup unit.
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Table 3 • Backup Unit Status
C.4
Status
Meaning
Not Present, Not Ready
Supercapacitor not present, suffered a fatal error, or
backup unit temperature exceeded allowed maximum.
Preparing
Backup unit preparing the NAND flash for backup. The
supercapacitor can take up to 10 minutes to charge to
100% from zero charge and report Ready status.
Ready
Backup unit is ready to be enabled if NAND is prepared
and supercapacitor is charged.
Invalid, Not Supported
Green backup feature not enabled in firmware.
Failed, Fatal
Firmware could not retrieve backup unit information or
configuration due to hardware issues, over-voltage, etc.
Health Normal/Low/Dead
Indicates overall energy holding ability of the supercapacitor. Dead status means that supercapacitor should
be replaced.
Formatting and Verifying Disk Drives
You can use the ARC Disk Utilities tool to low-level format or verify your disk drives. (New disk drives
are low-level formatted at the factory and do not need to be low-level formatted again.)
Caution: Before you format a disk drive, back up all data. Formatting destroys all data on a disk
drive.
To format or verify a disk drive:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
C.5
Start the ARC utility (see Running the ARC Utility on page 88).
Select the controller you want, then press Enter.
Select Disk Utilities.
Select the disk drive you want, then press Enter.
Select Format Disk or Verify Disk Media.
Locating Disk Drives
You can use the Identify Drive feature to physically locate a disk drive by blinking the LED.
Note: This feature is only available with disk drives that have an activity LED.
To locate a disk drive:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
C.6
Start the ARC utility (see Running the ARC Utility on page 88).
Select the controller you want, then press Enter.
Select Disk Utilities.
Select the disk drive you want, then press Enter.
Select Identify Drive, then press Enter.
When you have finished locating your disk drive, press any key to stop the blinking.
Identifying Disk Drives
You can identify disk drives by viewing the list of disk drives on your system. Only physical drives that
display during POST are shown.
To identify a disk drive:
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1. Start the ARC utility (see Running the ARC Utility on page 88).
2. Select the controller you want, then press Enter.
3. Select Disk Utilities.
The Disk Utilities view provides you with the following information:
Location
Model
Rev#
Speed
CN1=DEV1
Box0=Slot0
Exp0=phy0
The manufacturer
information.
The revision number The speed of the
of the disk drive.
disk drive.
Size
The size of the disk
drive.
The location information of a disk drive is determined by three types of connections:
• Direct attached drives—The connection is determined by the cable connected to a device, for
example CN1 (connector 1) is connected to DEV1 (device 1). For more information, see
Direct-attach Connections on page 77.
• Storage Enclosure Processor (SEP) managed devices—The connection is determined by an active
backplane. Box0 (enclosure 0) is connected to slot0 (disk drive slot 0 in the enclosure). For more
information, see Backplane Connections on page 78.
• Expanders—The connections is determined by an expander. Exp0 (expander 0) is connected to
phy0 (phy 0 within a connector). For more information, see SAS Expander Connections on page
78.
Note: Devices other than disk drives (CDROM, tape drives, etc...) are listed in order after your
system disk drives.
C.7
Setting the Drive Write-Cache Policy
If the global write cache policy is set to "Drive Specific" (see General Controller Settings on page 93),
you can set the write-cache policy for individual disk drives on the controller. (If the global write-cache
policy is set to Enable All or Disable All, this option is grayed out.)
To set the drive-specific write-cache policy:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Start the ARC utility (see Running the ARC Utility on page 88).
Select the controller you want, then press Enter.
Select Disk Utilities.
Select the disk drive you want, then press Enter.
Select Write Cache, then choose the policy for the drive: Write-Back (Enable) or Write-Through
(Disable).
6. Select Submit.
C.8
Updating the Controller Firmware
Note: This option is available in the uEFI interface only.
Use this option to flash the controller's firmware.
To update the controller firmware:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Start the ARC utility in uEFI mode (see Ctrl-A or uEFI/HII? on page 88).
Select Administration, then select FW update from Media.
Select the device you want to flash, then press Enter.
Browse the folder hierarchy, select the firmware update (.UFI) file, then press Enter.
Select Update Firmware.
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The firmware is sent to the controller and the system verifies the operation to ensure that it was
successful.
6. When the verification is complete, press Enter to reboot the server.
C.9
Updating the Controller CPLD
Note: This option is available in the uEFI interface only.
Use this option to update the controller CPLD. (The CPLD includes reset logic, determines board type
and feature set, and also provides cable management functions.) You should update the CPLD if the
version running on the controller is lower than the version in flash.
Note: CPLD Update is for advanced users only. It is typically used in manufacturing by an
OEM/ODM/System Integrator when building a new machine. For more information, contact
Microsemi Adaptec Support.
To update the controller CPLD:
1. Start the ARC utility in uEFI mode (see Ctrl-A or uEFI/HII? on page 88).
2. Select Administration, then select CPLD Information.
The system displays the current (running) version of the CPLD and the version available in flash.
3. If the version in flash is newer than the running version, select Update CPLD.
4. When prompted, restart the computer.
C.10
Creating a Support Archive
Note: This option is available in the uEFI interface only.
Use this option to save configuration and status information to help Customer Support diagnose a
problem with your system. Saved information includes (but is not limited to) device logs, drive logs,
event logs, error logs, controller logs, and statistics.
To create a support archive:
1. Start the ARC utility in uEFI mode (see Ctrl-A or uEFI/HII? on page 88).
2. Select Administration, then select Save Support Archive.
3. Select the device where the support archive information will be gathered and stored, then press
Enter.
The system gathers the logs and statistics for the device and displays the path where the information
is saved.
4. Press any key to complete the operation and exit.
C.11
Viewing the Event Log
The BIOS-based event log records all firmware events, such as configuration changes, array creation,
and boot activity.
Some events are not stored indefinitely—the event log is cleared of any non-persistent events each
time you restart your computer; additionally, once the log is full, new events overwrite old events.
To view the event log:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Start the ARC utility (see Running the ARC Utility on page 88).
Select the controller you want, then press Enter.
When the ARC utility menu appears, press Ctrl+P.
Select Controller Log Information, then press Enter.
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The current event log opens.
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Using the Adaptec Flash Utility
D
Using the Adaptec Flash Utility
This chapter describes how to use the Adaptec Flash Utility (AFU), a text-based DOS utility that you can
use to update, save, or verify the RAID controller's firmware.
Caution: Although the AFU contains safeguards to prevent you from accidentally damaging your
RAID controller's flash contents, it is still important to use the AFU carefully and correctly to avoid
rendering your RAID controller inoperable. We recommend that only advanced users familiar with
working in DOS use the AFU. For more information, see Managing Your Storage Space on page
70.
D.1
System Requirements
• DOS version 5.0 or later.
Note: You can’t run the AFU from a DOS command prompt window under any version of
Windows.
• At least 8 MB of extended memory.
D.1.1
Compatibility Notes
• Supports HIMEM.SYS; compatible with other DOS drivers running under HIMEM.SYS (for example,
SMARTDRV.SYS and SETVER.SYS).
• Does not support DOS extenders installed in memory, such as EMM386.SYS and DOS4GW.
D.2
Before You Begin
1. Obtain the firmware (see the following section).
2. Create firmware disk (see Creating the Firmware Update Disk on page 102).
There are two ways to run the AFU:
1. Using the AFU menus (see Running the Menu-based AFU on page 103)
2. From the command line (see Running the AFU from the Command Line on page 103)
D.2.1
Obtaining the Firmware
To obtain RAID controller firmware, you can:
• Download a new firmware file from the Web to get the most recent version of firmware/BIOS and
the AFU executable (AFU.exe). The flash image comprises a single User Flash Image (UFI) file.
Visit www.adaptec.com for more information.
D.2.2
Creating the Firmware Update Disk
To create the firmware update disks:
1. Copy these files to a USB flash drive or writable CD:
• AFU.exe
• Axxxx01.ufi
where xxx is the model number of your controller.
Note: Most controller model numbers have a suffix (for example, Microsemi Adaptec RAID
6405). Check that the .ufi file is the correct file for your controller before copying.
2. To use a menu-based AFU, see the following section.
To run the AFU from the command line, see Running the AFU from the Command Line on page 103.
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D.3
Running the Menu-based AFU
To run the menu-based AFU:
1. Shut down your operating system and reboot to DOS from from a DOS partition on a bootable drive.
(You can use a disk drive connected to the controller you are updating.) If your computer isn't set
up to boot from a bootable device other than a disk drive, enter the system setup utility to change
the setting.
2. Insert the firmware update disk (created using the steps above) containing AFU.exe
3. At the DOS command prompt, type AFU with no arguments.
The AFU's main menu is displayed.
4. Select Select Controllers, then select the RAID controller(s) to be flashed.
To update multiple RAID controllers in the same system, update the boot controller's flash first,
restart the computer, then update the flash for the remaining controllers.
5. Select Select an Operation.
6. Choose the operation you want, then follow the on-screen instructions to complete the task:
• Update flash image—Updates all the flash components on a RAID controller with the flash image
data from the UFI file.
• Save flash image—Reads the contents of a RAID controller's flash components and saves the
data to a UFI file, which you can use to restore a RAID controller's flash if required.
• Verify flash image—Reads the contents of a RAID controller's flash components and compares
it to the contents of the specified UFI file.
• Display flash information—Displays version information about a RAID controller's flash
components.
7. Complete the flash operation and restart your computer before trying to use the RAID controller
again. (You can not use your RAID controller while you are updating its flash.)
The AFU processes the selected command and reports either success or an error message code.
D.4
Running the AFU from the Command Line
Note: You can also run a menu-based AFU (see Running the Menu-based AFU on page 103).
To run the AFU from the command line:
1. Shut down your operating system and reboot to DOS from a DOS partition on a bootable drive. (You
can use a disk connected to the controller you're updating.) If your computer isn't set up to boot
from a bootable device other than a disk drive, enter the system setup utility to change the setting.
2. Insert the firmware update disk containing AFU.exe.
3. At the DOS command, type AFU followed by a command (see AFU Commands on page 103) and any
switches you want.
Note: To find a controller number, type AFU LIST, then press Enter.
The AFU processes the command and reports either success or an error message code.
To update a RAID controller's flash using the command line utility ARCCONF, see Updating the Flash
using the AFU Command Line on page 105.
D.4.1
AFU Commands
This section lists the available AFU commands.
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D.4.1.1
List
Displays the AFU-supported RAID controllers installed on your computer. Also displays the ID numbers
assigned to each controller.
You don’t have to restart the computer after completing this command.
This example shows a typical system response to a LIST command:
A:\> AFU LIST
Adaptec Flash Utility V4.0-0 B5749 (c)Adaptec Inc. 1999–2005.
All Rights Reserved.
Controllers Detected and Recognized:
Controller #0 (03:05:00) Adaptec RAID 51645
D.4.1.2
Save
Saves the contents of a RAID controller's flash in a UFI file. The name of the UFI file is based on the
controller type and can't be changed.
You must restart the computer following a SAVE command.
The command syntax for the SAVE command is:
AFU SAVE [/C<Controller ID>] [/D <UFI File Path>]
These switches are available:
• /C <Controller ID>—One or more RAID controller IDs representing the set of RAID controllers on
which to perform the specified command. The default is 0; if the computer has multiple RAID
controllers, the AFU defaults to controller 0 unless you specify otherwise.
For example:
To specify a single RAID controller ID: /C 0
To specify multiple IDs separated by commas: /C 0,2
To indicate all RAID controllers:ALL
If you are using multiple RAID controllers, you must specify the controller you want by using the
/C switch; otherwise, the AFU displays an error message and exits.
• /D <UFI File Path>—Specifies the path where the UFI files are located. If you do not specify the /D
switch, the AFU looks for (or creates) its UFI files in the default location.
You cannot specify the name of a UFI file, only its path. UFI filenames are predefined, based on the
RAID controller type.
In this example, the AFU saves flash contents from RAID controller 0 to a UFI file in the current
default drive and directory:
A:\> AFU SAVE /C 0
In this example, the AFU saves flash contents from Controller 1 to a UFI file in C:\UFI_FILES:
A:\> AFU SAVE /C 1 /D C:\UFI_FILES
D.4.1.3
Update
Updates the flash components of one or more RAID controllers on your computer from the flash image
data in a UFI file. You must restart the computer following an UPDATE command.
The command syntax for the UPDATE command is:
AFU UPDATE [/C<Controller ID>] [/D <UFI File Path>]
This example shows a typical system response after an update.
A:\> AFU UPDATE /C 0
Adaptec Flash Utility V4.0-0 B5749
(c)Adaptec Inc. 1999–2005. All Rights Reserved.
Updating Controller 0 (Adaptec RAID 31205)
Reading flash image file (Build 5749)
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AFU is about to update firmware on controllers Adaptec RAID
51645
***PLEASE DO NOT REBOOT THE SYSTEM DURING THE UPDATE***
This might take a few minutes.
Writing Adaptec RAID 51645 (4MB) Flash Image to controller
0...OK.
Verifying...OK
Please restart the computer to allow firmware changes to take
effect.
D.4.1.4
Verify
Compares the contents of each of the flash components on a RAID controller to the corresponding
image in a UFI file, and indicates whether they match. After using the VERIFY command, you must restart
the computer.
The command syntax for the VERIFY command is as follows:
AFU VERIFY [/C<Controller ID>] [/D <UFI File Path>]
This example shows a typical system response after a VERIFY command.
A:\> AFU VERIFY /C 0
Adaptec Flash Utility V4.0-0 B5749 (c)Adaptec Inc. 1999–2005.
All Rights Reserved.
Reading flash image file (Build 5748) Controller #0: Adaptec
RAID 51645
ROM: Checksum: 797B [VALID] (Build 5748)
File: Checksum: 797B [VALID] (Build 5748)
Image Compares Correctly
D.4.1.5
Version
Displays version information about the flash components on a RAID controller. After using the VERSION
command, restart your computer.
The command syntax for the VERSION command is:
AFU VERSION [/C<Controller ID>]
This example displays version information about all supported RAID controllers.
A:\> AFU VERSION /C 0
Adaptec Flash Utility V4.0-0 B5749 (c)Adaptec Inc. 1999–2005.
All Rights Reserved.
Version Information for Controller #0 (Adaptec RAID 51645)
ROM: Build 5748 [VALID] Fri Sep 27 13:28:40 EDT 2005
A:\> AFU VERSION /C ALL
D.4.1.6
Help
Displays a summary of AFU functions and command switches.
For example:
A:\> AFU HELP
A:\> AFU /?
D.5
Updating the Flash Using the AFU Command Line
1. Create the firmware update disk (see Creating the Firmware Update Disk on page 102).
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2. Shut down your operating system and reboot to DOS from a DOS partition on a bootable drive. (You
can use a disk connected to the controller you're updating.) If your computer isn't set up to boot
from a bootable device other than a disk drive, enter the system setup utility to change the setting.
3. Insert the firmware update disk containing AFU.exe
4. At the DOS command, if you have multiple controllers and you don't know the number of the
controller you want to update, type AFU LIST, then press Enter. Otherwise, skip to the next step.
5. At the DOS command, type AFU followed by a command (see AFU Commands on page 103) and any
switches you want.
6. Update the flash using the instructions suitable for your requirements:
• To update a single RAID controller:
AFU UPDATE /C <cont_number>
Where <cont_number> is the number of the RAID controller whose firmware you are updating.
For example, to upgrade Controller 0, type AFU UPDATE /C 0
• To update multiple RAID controllers:
AFU UPDATE /C <cont_number_a>,<cont_number_b>
Where <controller_number_a> and <controller_number_b> are the numbers of the RAID
controllers whose firmware you are updating. For example, to upgrade controllers 0, 2, and 3,
type AFU UPDATE /C 0, 2, 3
• To update all RAID controllers simultaneously:
AFU UPDATE /C all
Note: The UFI file identifies the RAID controllers, so you don't have to worry about flashing
the wrong controller.
7. When prompted, insert the firmware disk.
The AFU processes the command and reports either success or an error message code.
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Controller LED, I2C, and Alarm Connector Quick Reference
E
Controller LED, I2C, and Alarm Connector Quick Reference
This appendix provides a reference guide for Microsemi Adaptec RAID controller activity LED connectors,
I2C connectors, and external alarm connectors.
E.1
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405/6445 LED and I2C Connector Specification
2271100-R
ASR-6405 Kit
2270000-R
ASR-6405 SGL
2270200-R
ASR-6445 SGL
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405/6445 Activity LED Header Connector: Molex 22-43-6030 or equivalent
• Activity LED Header Mating Cable Connector: Molex 22-55-2161 or equivalent
J2:
J2 Pin Number
Signal
Description
22-55-2161 Pin
Number
1
+3.3V
LED Anode
2
2
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 0
LED Cathode
1
3
+3.3V
LED Anode
4
4
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 1
LED Cathode
3
5
+3.3V
LED Anode
6
6
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 2
LED Cathode
5
7
+3.3V
LED Anode
8
8
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 3
LED Cathode
7
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405/6445 Aggregate Activity LED Board Connector: Molex 22-28-4023
or equivalent
• Aggregate LED Mating Cable Connector: Molex 50-57-9002 or equivalent
J1:
J1 Pin Number
Signal
Description
2
ACTIVITY
LED Cathode
1
+3.3V
LED Anode
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405/6445 External Alarm Connector: Molex 22-28-4023 or equivalent
• Alarm Mating Cable Connector: Molex 50-57-9002 or equivalent
J12:
J12 Pin Number
Signal
Description
2
~2kHz Square Wave
Open collector transistor
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Controller LED, I2C, and Alarm Connector Quick Reference
J12 Pin Number
Signal
Description
1
+3.3V
—
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405/6445 I2C CN0 Board Connector: Molex 22-43-6030 or equivalent
• I2C Mating Cable Connector: Molex 22-43-3030 or equivalent
J4:
E.2
J4 Pin Number
Signal
3
I2C Clock, CN0
2
Ground
1
I2C Data, CN0
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805/6805Q LED and I2C Connector Specification
2271200-R
ASR-6805 Kit
2270100-R
ASR-6805 SGL
2270700-R
ASR-6805Q SGL
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805/6805Q Activity LED Header Connector: Molex 22-43-6030 or
equivalent
• Activity LED Header Mating Cable Connector: Molex 22-55-2161 or equivalent
J2:
J2 Pin Number
Signal
Description
22-55-2161 Pin
Number
1
+3.3V
LED Anode
2
2
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 0
LED Cathode
1
3
+3.3V
LED Anode
4
4
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 1
LED Cathode
3
5
+3.3V
LED Anode
6
6
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 2
LED Cathode
5
7
+3.3V
LED Anode
8
8
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 3
LED Cathode
7
9
+3.3V
LED Anode
10
10
ACTIVITY CN1, LANE 0
LED Cathode
9
11
+3.3V
LED Anode
12
12
ACTIVITY CN1, LANE 1
LED Cathode
11
13
+3.3V
LED Anode
14
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Controller LED, I2C, and Alarm Connector Quick Reference
J2 Pin Number
Signal
Description
22-55-2161 Pin
Number
14
ACTIVITY CN1, LANE 2
LED Cathode
13
15
+3.3V
LED Anode
16
16
ACTIVITY CN1, LANE 3
LED Cathode
15
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805/6805Q Aggregate Activity LED Board Connector: Molex 22-28-4023
or equivalent
• Aggregate LED Mating Cable Connector: Molex 50-57-9002 or equivalent
J1:
J1 Pin Number
Signal
Description
2
ACTIVITY
LED Cathode
1
+3.3V
LED Anode
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805/6805Q External Alarm Connector: Molex 22-28-4023 or equivalent
• Alarm Mating Cable Connector: Molex 50-57-9002 or equivalent
J12:
J12 Pin Number
Signal
Description
2
~2kHz Square Wave
Open collector transistor
1
+3.3V
—
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805/6805Q I2C CN0 Board Connector: Molex 22-43-6030 or equivalent
• I2C Mating Cable Connector: Molex 22-43-3030 or equivalent
J4:
J4 Pin Number
Signal
3
I2C Clock, CN0
2
Ground
1
I2C Data, CN0
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805/6805Q I2C CN1 Board Connector: Molex 22-43-6030 or equivalent
• I2C Mating Cable Connector: Molex 22-43-3030 or equivalent
J5:
J4 Pin Number
Signal
3
I2C Clock, CN1
2
Ground
1
I2C Data, CN1
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
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Controller LED, I2C, and Alarm Connector Quick Reference
E.3
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405E LED Connector Specification
2271700-R
ASR-6405E Kit
2270800-R
ASR-6405E SGL
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405E Activity LED Header Connector: Molex 22-43-6030 or equivalent
• Activity LED Header Mating Cable Connector: Molex 22-55-2161 or equivalent
J2:
J2 Pin Number
Signal
Description
22-55-2161 Pin
Number
1
+3.3V
LED Anode
2
2
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 0
LED Cathode
1
3
+3.3V
LED Anode
4
4
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 1
LED Cathode
3
5
+3.3V
LED Anode
6
6
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 2
LED Cathode
5
7
+3.3V
LED Anode
8
8
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 3
LED Cathode
7
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405E Aggregate Activity LED Board Connector: Molex 22-28-4023 or
equivalent
• Aggregate LED Mating Cable Connector: Molex 50-57-9002 or equivalent
J1:
J1 Pin Number
Signal
Description
2
ACTIVITY
LED Cathode
1
+3.3V
LED Anode
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405E External Alarm Connector: Molex 22-28-4023 or equivalent
• Alarm Mating Cable Connector: Molex 50-57-9002 or equivalent
J12:
E.4
J12 Pin Number
Signal
Description
2
~2kHz Square Wave
Open collector transistor
1
+3.3V
—
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805E/6805E R5 LED Connector Specification
2271800-R
ASR-6805E Kit
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
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Controller LED, I2C, and Alarm Connector Quick Reference
2270900-R
ASR-6805E SGL
2275600-R
ASR-6805E R5 BULK
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805E/6805E R5 Activity LED Header Connector: Molex 22-43-6030 or
equivalent
• Activity LED Header Mating Cable Connector: Molex 22-55-2161 or equivalent
J2:
J2 Pin Number
Signal
Description
22-55-2161 Pin
Number
1
+3.3V
LED Anode
2
2
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 0
LED Cathode
1
3
+3.3V
LED Anode
4
4
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 1
LED Cathode
3
5
+3.3V
LED Anode
6
6
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 2
LED Cathode
5
7
+3.3V
LED Anode
8
8
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 3
LED Cathode
7
9
+3.3V
LED Anode
10
10
ACTIVITY CN1, LANE 0
LED Cathode
9
11
+3.3V
LED Anode
12
12
ACTIVITY CN1, LANE 1
LED Cathode
11
13
+3.3V
LED Anode
14
14
ACTIVITY CN1, LANE 2
LED Cathode
13
15
+3.3V
LED Anode
16
16
ACTIVITY CN1, LANE 3
LED Cathode
15
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805E/6805E R5 Aggregate Activity LED Board Connector: Molex 22-28-4023
or equivalent
• Aggregate LED Mating Cable Connector: Molex 50-57-9002 or equivalent
J1:
J1 Pin Number
Signal
Description
2
ACTIVITY
LED Cathode
1
+3.3V
LED Anode
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805E/6805E R5 External Alarm Connector: Molex 22-28-4023 or equivalent
• Alarm Mating Cable Connector: Molex 50-57-9002 or equivalent
J12:
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Controller LED, I2C, and Alarm Connector Quick Reference
E.5
J12 Pin Number
Signal
Description
2
~2kHz Square Wave
Open collector transistor
1
+3.3V
—
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405T LED Connector Specification
2272700-R
ASR-6405T SGL
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405T Activity LED Header Connector: Molex 22-43-6030 or equivalent
• Activity LED Header Mating Cable Connector: Molex 22-55-2161 or equivalent
J2:
J2 Pin Number
Signal
Description
22-55-2161 Pin
Number
1
+3.3V
LED Anode
2
2
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 0
LED Cathode
1
3
+3.3V
LED Anode
4
4
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 1
LED Cathode
3
5
+3.3V
LED Anode
6
6
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 2
LED Cathode
5
7
+3.3V
LED Anode
8
8
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 3
LED Cathode
7
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405T Aggregate Activity LED Board Connector: Molex 22-28-4023 or
equivalent
• Aggregate LED Mating Cable Connector: Molex 50-57-9002 or equivalent
J1:
J1 Pin Number
Signal
Description
2
ACTIVITY
LED Cathode
1
+3.3V
LED Anode
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405T External Alarm Connector: Molex 22-28-4023 or equivalent
• Alarm Mating Cable Connector: Molex 50-57-9002 or equivalent
J12:
J12 Pin Number
Signal
Description
2
~2kHz Square Wave
Open collector transistor
1
+3.3V
—
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
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Controller LED, I2C, and Alarm Connector Quick Reference
E.6
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805T/6805TQ LED Connector Specification
2272800-R
ASR-6805T SGL
2273700-R
ASR-6805T with AFM-600 Bulk
2273600-R
ASR-6805TQ SGL
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805T/6805TQ Activity LED Header Connector: Molex 22-43-6030 or
equivalent
• Activity LED Header Mating Cable Connector: Molex 22-55-2161 or equivalent
J2:
J2 Pin Number
Signal
Description
22-55-2161 Pin
Number
1
+3.3V
LED Anode
2
2
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 0
LED Cathode
1
3
+3.3V
LED Anode
4
4
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 1
LED Cathode
3
5
+3.3V
LED Anode
6
6
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 2
LED Cathode
5
7
+3.3V
LED Anode
8
8
ACTIVITY CN0, LANE 3
LED Cathode
7
9
+3.3V
LED Anode
10
10
ACTIVITY CN1, LANE 0
LED Cathode
9
11
+3.3V
LED Anode
12
12
ACTIVITY CN1, LANE 1
LED Cathode
11
13
+3.3V
LED Anode
14
14
ACTIVITY CN1, LANE 2
LED Cathode
13
15
+3.3V
LED Anode
16
16
ACTIVITY CN1, LANE 3
LED Cathode
15
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805T/6805TQ Aggregate Activity LED Board Connector: Molex 22-28-4023
or equivalent
• Aggregate LED Mating Cable Connector: Molex 50-57-9002 or equivalent
J1:
J1 Pin Number
Signal
Description
2
ACTIVITY
LED Cathode
1
+3.3V
LED Anode
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
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Controller LED, I2C, and Alarm Connector Quick Reference
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805T/6805TQ External Alarm Connector: Molex 22-28-4023 or equivalent
• Alarm Mating Cable Connector: Molex 50-57-9002 or equivalent
J12:
E.7
J12 Pin Number
Signal
Description
2
~2kHz Square Wave
Open collector transistor
1
+3.3V
—
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 7805/7805Q/71605/71605Q/71605E Alarm
Connector Specification
2274100-R
ASR-7805 SGL
2274200-R
ASR-7805 Kit
2274300-R
ASR-7805Q SGL
2274400-R
ASR-71605 SGL
2274500-R
ASR-71605E SGL
2274600-R
ASR-71605Q SGL
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 7805/7805Q/71605/71605Q/71605E External Alarm Connector: Molex
22-28-4023 or equivalent
• Alarm Mating Cable Connector: Molex 50-57-9002 or equivalent
J6:
E.8
J6 Pin Number
Signal
Description
2
~2kHz Square Wave
Open collector transistor
1
+3.3V
—
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 71685/72405/78165 Alarm Connector
Specification
2274700-R
ASR-71685 SGL
2274900-R
ASR-72405 SGL
2280900-R
ASR-78165 SGL
• Microsemi Adaptec RAID 71685/72405/78165 External Alarm Connector: Molex 22-28-4023 or
equivalent
• Alarm Mating Cable Connector: Molex 50-57-9002 or equivalent
J6:
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
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Controller LED, I2C, and Alarm Connector Quick Reference
J6 Pin Number
Signal
Description
2
~2kHz Square Wave
Open collector transistor
1
+3.3V
—
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
115
Safety Information
F
Safety Information
To ensure your personal safety and the safety of your equipment:
• Keep your work area and the computer clean and clear of debris.
• Before opening the system cabinet, unplug the power cord.
F.1
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD)
Caution: ESD can damage electronic components when they are improperly handled, and can
result in total or intermittent failures. Always follow ESD-prevention procedures when removing
and replacing components.
To prevent ESD damage:
• Use an ESD wrist or ankle strap and ensure that it makes skin contact. Connect the equipment end
of the strap to an unpainted metal surface on the chassis.
• Avoid touching the controller against your clothing. The wrist strap protects components from ESD
on the body only.
• Handle the controller by its bracket or edges only. Avoid touching the printed circuit board or the
connectors.
• Put the controller down only on an antistatic surface such as the bag supplied in your kit.
• If you are returning the controller to Microsemi Adaptec Product Support, put it back in its anti-static
bag immediately.
If a wrist strap is not available, ground yourself by touching the metal chassis before handling the
controller or any other part of the computer.
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
116
Technical Specifications
G
Technical Specifications
G.1
Environmental Specifications
Note: Microsemi Adaptec RAID controllers require adequate airflow to operate reliably. The
recommended airflow is 200 LFM (linear feet per minute), minimum. Forced airflow is required.
Ambient temperature with forced airflow
0 °C to 55 ° C
Ambient temperature with Flash Backup Unit
0 °C to 55 ° C
Relative humidity
10% to 90%, non-condensing
Altitude
Up to 3,000 meters
Note: Ambient temperature is measured 1” from the RAID controller processor.
G.2
G.3
DC Power Requirements
Bus Type
Description
Requirements
PCIe
Ripple and noise
50 mV peak-to-peak (max)
PCIe
DC Voltage
3.3 V ± 9%, 12 V ± 8%
Current Requirements
Controller Model
Typical Current
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405
0.17A @ 3.3 VDC; 1.25A @ 12.0 VDC
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6445
0.17A @ 3.3 VDC; 1.25A @ 12.0 VDC
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805/6805Q
0.17A @ 3.3 VDC; 1.25A @ 12.0 VDC
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405E
0.11A @ 3.3 VDC; 0.75A @ 12.0 VDC
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805E/6805E R5
0.125A @ 3.3 VDC; 0.80A @ 12.0 VDC
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6405T
0.125A @ 3.3 VDC; 0.97A @ 12.0 VDC
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 6805T/6805TQ
0.125A @ 3.3 VDC; 0.97A @ 12.0 VDC
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 7805/7805Q
0.1A @ 3.3 VDC; 1.5A @ 12.0 VDC
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 71605/71605Q
0.1A @ 3.3 VDC; 1.6A @ 12.0 VDC
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 71605E
0.1A @ 3.3 VDC; 1.5A @ 12.0 VDC
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 71685
0.1A @ 3.3 VDC; 1.8A @ 12.0 VDC
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 72405
0.1A @ 3.3 VDC; 1.8A @ 12.0 VDC
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 78165
1.1A @ 3.3 VDC; 1.3A @ 12.0 VDC
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8405/8405E
0.1A @ 3.3 VDC; 1.2A @ 12.0 VDC
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
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Technical Specifications
G.4
Controller Model
Typical Current
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8805/8805E
0.1A @ 3.3 VDC; 1.2A @ 12.0 VDC
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 8885/8885Q
0.1A @ 3.3 VDC; 1.2A @ 12.0 VDC
Microsemi Adaptec RAID 81605Z/81605ZQ
1.0A @ 3.3 VDC; 1.1A @ 12.0 VDC
Supercapacitor Ratings
Specification
Microsemi Adaptec Flash Backup Module AFM-700
Maximum voltage
5.4V
Minimum voltage
2.5V
Maximum Rated Charge Current
0.5A
Maximum Rated Discharge Current
0.5A
Charge Rate
1C
Discharge Rate
1C
Operating temperature
0°C to 55°C
Storage temperature
-20°C to 70°C
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
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Index
A
activity LED connector specifications 107, 115
Adaptec Flash Utility, See AFU
Adaptec RAID Configuration utility 70
Adaptec RAID Controller Configuration utility, See
ARCCONF
adapters, See controllers
advanced data protection 18
AFU 71, 102
Alarm Control setting 94
ARC
52, 89–91, 93, 95, 97
checking flash backup unit 97
creating arrays 52, 89
creating bootable arrays 89–90
HII interface 52
initializing disk drives 91
managing arrays 89
modifying controller settings 93
opening Controller Settings tool 93
rescanning disk drives 91
secure erasing disk drives
91
stopping a secure erase 91
uninitializing disk drives 91, 95
ARC Controller Settings
93
applying changes 93
exiting 93
ARCCONF 18, 70
Array Background Consistency Check setting 94, 96
array migration 18
arrays
52–53, 55, 80–86, 89–90
creating (ARC) 52, 89
creating (maxView Storage Manager) 53
creating bootable arrays 89–90
making an array bootable 55
managing with ARC 89
non-redundant 80
RAID 1 81
RAID 10 82
RAID 1E 81
RAID 5 83
RAID 50 85
RAID 5EE 84
RAID 6 86
RAID 60 86
arrays (bootable) 52, 55
audible alarm 72
automatic failover 18
Automatic Failover setting 94
B
backplane connections 49, 78
batteryless backup 44–45
boards, See controllers
boot controller 52
bootable arrays
52, 55, 89–90
creating 52, 55, 89–90
C
cards, See controllers
CD-ROM Boot Support setting 94
checking cache preservation status 97
checking flash backup unit 97
command line interface (flash utility) 103
command line utility 70
concept 70–71
connectors 77, 99
contents of controller kit 17
Controller Cache Preservation
97
clearubg 97
enabling 97
controller modes 95
controllers
17–19, 38–39, 42, 44, 48, 50, 52, 72, 74,
88, 91, 93–94, 96, 99–100, 102, 107, 115,
117–118
activity LED connector specifications 107, 115
alarm connector specifications 107, 115
Alarm Control setting 94
Array Background Consistency Check setting 94,
96
array-level features 18
Automatic Failover setting 94
CD-ROM Boot Support setting 94
connecting disk drives 48
connecting external devices 50
data protection 18
descriptions 18, 38
Device-based BBS Support setting 94
disk drives 39
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
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controllers (continued)
Drive's Write Cache setting 93
event log 100
figures 18, 38
firmware 102
flashing 74
I2C connector specifications 107, 115
installation options 42
installing 44
modifying general settings 91, 93, 99
modifying settings with ARC 88, 93
Physical Drives Display During POST setting 94
RAID levels 39
Removable Media Devices Boot Support setting 94
resetting 74
Runtime BIOS setting 93
SAS cables 17, 39, 50
setting boot controller 52
specifications 117–118
standard features 18, 39
troubleshooting 72
updating firmware 102
upgrading firmware 19
Drive's Write Cache setting 93
driver and operating system installation 56, 64
driver disk 17, 56, 61, 63–64
driver installation 65, 69
drivers
57, 62–65, 67–68
installing on FreeBSD 68
installing on Solaris 67
installing on Windows 65
installing with FreeBSD 62
installing with Linux 57
installing with VMware 63
installing with Windows 57
installing with XenServer 64
D
F
Device-based BBS Support setting 94
direct-attach connections 48, 77
disk drives
18, 39, 48, 50, 72–73, 77, 91, 95, 98–99
connecting to controllers 48
connections 99
external 50
failure recovery
failed disk drives
73
multiple arrays 73
multiple disk drives 73
RAID 0 arrays 73
with hot spare 73
without hot spare 73
formatting 98
identifying 98
initializing 91
recovering from failure 72
rescanning 91
SAS identifiers 77
secure erasing
E
electrostatic discharge 116
end devices 75
event log 100
expander connections 78
expander devices 75
external devices 50
72–73
multiple arrays 73
multiple disk drives 73
RAID 0 arrays 73
without hot spare 73
firmware
102
creating floppy disks 102
firmware upgrades 19
flashing controllers 74
floppy disks for firmware update 102
formatting disk drives 98
FreeBSD
62, 68
driver installation 68
OS installation 62
H
hard disk
15
91
stopping a secure erase 91
solid state 18, 39, 48
types of connections 99
uninitializing 91, 95
verifying 98
drive requirements 39
hard disk drive
15
hard drive, See disk drive
HBA mode 91, 95
HDA mode 74
HDA mode jumper 74
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
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HII interface 52, 88, 99–100
hot spares 18
Human Interaction Infrastructure Interface (HII) 52, 88,
99–100
hybrid RAID 18, 49
I
I2C connector specifications 107, 115
initializing disk drives 91
installation
17, 42–44, 48–50, 56–57, 61–65, 69
backplane 49
controllers 44
creating a driver disk 17, 56, 61, 63–64
direct-attach 48
disk drives 48
driver 65, 69
driver and FreeBSD 62
driver and Linux 57
driver and operating system 56, 64
driver and VMware 63
driver and Windows 57
driver and XenServer 64
existing operating system 43
external devices 50
installation options 42
solid state drives 49
with operating system 43
maxView Storage Manager
53, 70
creating arrays 53
installing 70
mini-SAS
48, 77
direct connection 48
overview 77
mirroring 39
N
NCQ 18
non-redundant arrays 80
O
online expansion 18
operating system installation 56, 64
operating systems 17
P
parity 39
PHY link rate 96
phys 76
Physical Drives Display During POST setting 94
R
RAID
K
kit contents 17
L
LED connector specifications 107, 115
LED Indication Mode 94
Linux
57
OS installation 57
low-profile bracket
17, 42
installing 42
low-profile computer cabinet 39
M
maxCache cache settings 89
maxCache pool 92
maxCache Solid State Drive
49, 74
failed 74
installing 49
15, 18, 80–86
non-redundant arrays 80
RAID 0 80
RAID 1 81
RAID 10 82
RAID 1E 18, 81
RAID 5 83
RAID 50 85
RAID 5EE 18, 84
RAID 6 18, 86
RAID 60 18, 86
RAID controllers, See controllers
RAID levels 39
recovering from disk drive failure 72
Redundant Array of Independent Disks, See RAID
Removable Media Devices Boot Support setting 94
replacing failed disk drives 72
requirements
17, 39
drive 39
rescanning disk drives 91
resetting controllers 74
Runtime BIOS setting 93
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
121
S
safety information 116
SAS
15, 17, 39, 50, 75–79
4-wide ports 76
backplane connections 78
cables 17, 39, 50
comparison to parallel SCSI 79
connectors 77
description 75
direct-attach connections 77
disk drives 77
edge expanders 78
end devices 75
expander connections 78
expander devices 75
fanout expanders 78
link speed 75
links 75
narrow connectors 77
narrow ports 76
phys 76
ports 75–76
SAS address 76
SAS cards 75
SAS devices 75
SAS domain 78
terminology 75
transceivers 75
wide connectors 77
wide ports 76
SAS devices 75
SAS disk drive identifiers 77
secure ATA erase 91
secure erasing disk drives
91
stopping a secure erase 91
Selectable Performance Mode 95
Serial Attached SCSI, See SAS
software 70
Solaris
67
storage space 15
SuSE installation 57
system requirements 17
T
technical specifications 117–118
terminology
15, 75
SAS 75
tools
70–71
Adaptec RAID Configuration utility 70
AFU 71
ARCCONF 70
maxView Storage Manager 70
topic 70–71, 75, 79
troubleshooting tips 72, 74
U
uEFI 52, 88, 99–100
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (uEFI) 52, 88, 99–
100
uninitializing disk drives 91, 95
updating firmware 102
upgrading firmware 19
utilities
70–71
Adaptec RAID Controller utility 70
AFU 71
ARCCONF 70
V
verifying disk drives 98
VMware
63
OS installation 63
W
Windows
driver installation 67
Solid State Drive (SSD)
18, 39, 48–49
installing 49
specifications 117–118
storage management
70–71
Adaptec RAID Configuration utility 70
AFU 71
ARCCONF 70
maxView Storage Manager 70
57, 65
driver installation 65
OS installation 57
X
XenServer
64
OS installation 64
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
122
Z
zero maintenance cache protection 18, 44–45
CONFIDENTIAL Document Number: ESC-2160660, Issue 3
123
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