XC 5000
XC 5100
appear tv.com
Complete solutions for ever y
major broadcast segment
SYSTEM OF CHOICE FOR PROFESSIONAL OPERATORS
Appear TV is dedicated to providing world class equipment that enable operators to deliver
professional broadcast services at the highest possible quality. Our portfolio is built around modular
platforms hosting a wide selection of interoperable modules that give unparalleled configuration
possibilities. Through its clever and robust design, the integrated architecture offers superior reliability
that can meet even the most demanding operator requirements.
A key feature of the products is the ability to accommodate customers preferred system architectures
while reducing complexity. It is possible to build an entire broadcast system within a single chassis
or distribute it between several discreet stages or distributed architectures. Appear TV’s deep
understanding of the market and close co-operation with operators in the design of products ensures
the ability to provide optimal solutions for a wide array of fixed or wireless networks. Our philosophy
greatly reduces the cost of ownership and ensures that operators can simultaneously handle legacy
challenges and evolve through the introduction of brand new services.
Appear TV’s XC5000 and XC5100 are our latest generation carrier grade platforms with 4RU and
1RU chassis options of unmatched power and versatility. There are no restrictions even for the most
intensive processing requirement. Both units feature uprated dual-redundant and hot swappable
power supplies, increased cooling, enhanced redundancy and a number of other features.
An advanced user friendly GUI offers an intuitive and comprehensive management of the many
features of the system. The exhaustive multi-level alarm system, together with the easiness for
integration to 3rd party management systems, enables full automatic control. The possibility of
centralized monitoring simplifies deployment and streamlines maintenance.
Appear TV classifies its modules into different categories depending on the functionality. These
include switching, input for content aggregation, compression, processing, output and decoding
modules. All modules can be combined freely to provide the desired functionality. The latest
innovations include the possibility to deliver and convert both analog and digital broadcast services,
from point to point, or from point to multipoint and in any format to any screen.
All modules and functions are further described within the ‘modules’ section of this brochure.
CHASSIS
Advanced architec ture
designed to save space, energy
and resources
Appear TV offers two different chassis: the 4RU XC5000 chassis which can hold 16 modules and the 1RU XC5100 chassis which can hold
6 modules. In addition, each of the chassis houses a switch and management module that can be equipped with dual IP I/Os. Both chassis
variants have dual-redundant and hot swappable power supplies. Each unit with its hot swappable modules allows for various redundancy
scenarios.
Any of the modules listed under the Input, Encoding/Transcoding, Processing, Output and Decoder sections can be combined into the
same chassis. Only chassis space or total throughput will limit the number of modules that can be fitted. The chassis has been designed for
a throughput of 850 Mbit/s of MPEG TS data and 250 services. In selected configurations, capacity can be increased to 1700 Mbit/s and 500
services (please contact Appear TV for more information).
The 4RU chassis has four independent fan modules that operate and are monitored independently. The four fan modules are identical and
support hot-swap. The 1RU chassis has one preassembled fan module consisting of 6 fans. The fan module is hot-swappable as one complete
module. The internal temperature is monitored and if a fan fails, the remaining fans will compensate by increasing the speed.
FEATURES
4RU - XC5000
1RU - XC5100
•Modular configuration with up to
•Modular configuration with up to
16+2 board positions
6+1 board positions
•WEB based configuration, SNMP Alarms,
•WEB based configuration, SNMP Alarms,
SOAP/XML interface
SOAP/XML interface
•Forced air-cooling (front to back)
•Forced air-cooling (front to back)
•Dual redundant hot-swappable power supply
•Dual redundant hot-swappable power supply
•Remote reset of power
•Remote reset of power
•4 individually monitored hot-swappable fans
•Swappable fan module
•Hot-swappable modules
•Hot-swappable modules
•100-240V AC or -48V DC power
•100-240V AC or -48V DC power
DIMENSIONS
4RU (XC5000)
440 ×177 ×400 (w × h × d mm)
SWITCH
IPIO Contr ol
Appear TV
XC5000
S tatus
S ync I n
Data A
Data B
Control
HI -DE NSITY
1RU (XC5100)
440 ×44 ×480 (w × h × d mm)
CONTROL
DATA A
DATA B
The XC5000 and XC5100 use the same set of modules and same SW,
The modules can therefore not be interchanged between
but the front plates are different.
XC5000 and XC5100.
Module plate for XC5000
Module plate for XC5100
M OD ULA R
HO T-SWA P
SWITCH MODULES
The switch module is used to enable MPEG traffic distribution within the chassis and provides the Man Machine Interface (MMI), enabling
configuration and management of the chassis.
The XC5000 chassis has dedicated positions for the switch module in slot 0 with an optional (for selected configurations) redundant switch
module in slot 17. The switch module can be equipped with two independent IP IO ports as an option. The XC5100 chassis provides an
integrated switch module in the front with IP IO as standard. The switch module for XC5100 is functionally identical to the switch module used
in the larger XC5000 chassis, but has a different hardware layout.
At least one switch module is required in all chassis. In addition to being the active part of the internal backplane, the switch module provides
the central control and management interface. When equipped with two IP IO data ports, reception or streaming of MPEG compliant
transport streams over UDP/RTP is supported by the module. Each port operates independently and can be configured as either IP in or IP
out supporting full 850 Mbit/s TS data rate and up to 250 MPEG services. The switch module can be provided with either RJ45 connectors
or SFP connectors on the two data ports. When equipped with two data ports, the module also includes a BNC port used for clock reference
(Genlock). The switch module is hot-swappable for easy maintenance.
The Switch IP IO MMI module can also be ordered to include a GPS receiver for terrestrial SFN applications. For the XC5000, this is a separate
module that must be placed in slot 1, while for XC5100, it is an add-on module for the switch module. One SMA connector for connecting
either a GPS antenna or a 1 PPS reference is then available. It is also possible to order without the GPS radio module so that it just provides a
high stability oscillator providing locking to a 1 PPS or 10MHz reference signal.
SWITCH MODULES FOR XC5000
Switch Module with Management
SW-200
• Gbit/s routing between modules in a chassis
• Enables WEB management
• 10/100/1000BaseT management port (RJ45)
• 1 slot wide
Switch Module with Management and IPIO
SW-301, SW-310 & SW-401, SW-410
• Gbit/s routing between modules in a chassis
• 2 × Gbit RJ45 or SFP input or output port for data
• Frame Synchronization input (genlock)
• Up to 850 Mbit/s TS rate per data port
• Supports UDP/RTP Multicast/Unicast
• Supports reception of MPTS and SPTS
• Supports streaming of MPTS and SPTS
• Supports seamless (hitless) input redundancy and cloned output
• Multiplexing on output with PSI/SI regeneration (license)
• Service filtering
• FEC encoding and decoding (license)
• Enables WEB management
• 10/100/1000 BaseT management port (RJ45)
• 1 slot wide
Clock Reference Module
CK-100
• GPS antenna input
• 1 pps input reference
• 10 MHz test output
• 1 pps test output
• 1 slot wide
SWITCH MODULES FOR XC5100
Hardware -managed
redundanc y for unbeatable
speed and long-ter m reliabilit y
Switch Module with Management
Switch Module with Management and Dual IPIO
• Gbit/s routing between modules in a chassis
• Enables WEB management
• 10/100/1000BaseT management port (RJ45)
• Gbit/s routing between modules in a chassis
• 2 × Gbit RJ45 or SFP input or output port for data
• Frame Synchronization input (genlock)
• Up to 850 Mbit/s TS rate per data port
• Supports UDP/RTP Multicast/Unicast
• Supports reception of MPTS and SPTS
• Supports streaming of MPTS and SPTS
• Supports seamless (hitless) input redundancy and
cloned output
• Multiplexing on output with PSI/SI regeneration (license)
• Service filtering
• FEC encoding and decoding (license)
• Enables WEB management
• 10/100/1000 BaseT management port (RJ45)
• Optional GPS Receiver
• PTP Support
MPEG INPUT MODULES
Appear TV has a wide range of input modules making it the most effective content aggregation solution on the market. An input module
analyzes incoming transport streams and extracts selected MPEG services from the desired physical input interface (eg. ASI, IP, DVB-S/S2,
DVB-S/S2X, DVB-C, DVB-T/T2, ISDB-T and 8VSB). Each input module type is based on embedded hardware design offering high density and
reliability. The ability to mix input types freely within a chassis enables multiple MPEG transport streams originating from a variety of sources
to be received and processed in parallel. Received signals can be demodulated, de-multiplexed and distributed to other modules inside the
chassis via the backplane.
A wide range of input modules are available including IP, ASI, DVB-S/S2, DVB-S/S2X, DVB-C, DVB-T/T2, ISDB-T and 8VSB. The chassis supports
any combination of input modules limited only by available slot space. Each input module is designed to receive up to 850Mbit/s of MPEG TS
rate or 250 services. In re-multiplexing mode, all services are de-multiplexed by the input module before passed onto the backplane. Unused
services are blocked by the input module to avoid propagating them further, which increases efficiency. The full content of an input port can
be mapped transparently to an output port with the option to perform PID filtering or service filtering.
INPUT MODULES
Dual IP IO
ASI Input
• 2 × Gbit RJ45 or SFP input port for data (or 1×in and 1×out)
• Up to 850 Mbit/s TS rate per data port
• Supports UDP/RTP Multicast/Unicast
• Supports reception of MPTS and SPTS
• Supports seamless (hitless) input redundancy
• Service filtering
• Supports FEC (SMPTE 2022) (license)
• Input analysis
• 1 slot wide
• 4 × ASI inputs
• 4 × BNC connectors
• 213 Mbit/s Burst mode or 72 Mbit/s Spread mode per input
• Supports reception of MPTS and SPTS
• Service filtering
• Input analysis
• 1 slot wide
DVB-C Input
ISDB-T Input module
• 4 × QAM Annex A/C inputs
• 1 F-type, 75 ohm female input port
(all 4 channels on one input cable)
• 0.87–6.9 Ms/s
• Supports reception of MPTS and SPTS
• Service filtering
• ASI monitoring port
• Input analysis
• 1 slot wide
• 4 x ISDB-T receivers per module
• 1 F-type, 75 ohm female input port
(all 4 channels on one input cable)
• Frequency range 47-860 MHz
• Supports reception of MPTS and SPTS
• Service filtering on input
• Input analysis
• 1 slot wide
IP-200
CR-110
DVB-S/S2X Input
SR-120
• 4 × DVB-S/S2/S2X inputs, 1 F connector per input
• Satellite standards:
DVB-S EN 300 421
DVB-S2 EN 302 307 – 1
DVB-S2X EN 302 307 -2, Broadcast Services
• Frequency range 950 – 2150 MHz
• Constellation: QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK, 32APSK
• Symbol rate:
DVB-S/S2/S2X: 1-45 MSym/s for QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK
1-39.9 MSym/s for 32-APSK
• FEC: According to EN300421 & EN302307
part 1 & part 2 for Broadcast services
• Supports reception of MPTS and SPTS
• Supports multistream reception
• Service filtering
• Input analysis
• 1 slots wide
DVB-T/T2 Input
TR-210, TR-211
FEATURES
•Scalable
• Easy to configure from one common web GUI interface
• Compact with multiple inputs
• Hot swappable
per module
• Wide range of input types
• Advanced input analysis and status information
• Mix and match card types freely,
•Modular
and add as many as you need
• 4 × DVB-T/T2 receivers per module.
• Input ports option:
- 1 × F connector, signal is split and distributed internally
- 4 × F connectors, one per demodulator
• Frequency range 47 - 862 MHz
• Carrier mode:
- DVB-T: 2k, 8k
- DVB-T2: 1k, 2k, 4k, 8k, 16k, 32k
• Modulation:
- DVB-T: QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM
- DVB-T2: QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM, 128QAM, 256QAM
• Supports reception of MPTS and SPTS
• Service filtering on input
• Input analysis
• 1 slot wide
AI-110
TR-401
8VSB/QAM Annex B Input
TR-300
• 4 × 8VSB or QAM Annex B Inputs
• 4 × F connectors
• Frequency range 50 - 860 MHz
• Supports reception of MPTS and SPTS
• ASI monitoring port
• Service Filtering
• 2 slots wide
8VSB INPUT
CONTROL
S tatus
RF In
A
AS I Monitor
B
C
Control
D
UNIVERSAL ENCODER & TRANSCODER
Linear Broadcast
In order to optimize the performance of their networks, it is essential for professional broadcasters to deploy the latest advances in
compression technology. Whether the aim is to add new channels to existing multiplexes or provide genuine video quality improvements,
operators should always strive to utilize the best in class technology to offer superior viewing experience whilst improving bandwidth
efficiency.
Appear TV has developed an encoding/transcoding solution providing leading class performance for video quality and channel density on
a specifically designed module targeting a wide range of applications. This allows users to maintain the best possible quality of service in
combination with low power consumption and integrated multi-level redundancy.
The immense computational power of the platform runs all-new and highly evolved encoding algorithms, boosting performance to the limit
for both AVC and MPEG2 video. The highly programmable and flexible audio encoder offers high density per channel and includes Dolby®
codecs, making this one of the most powerful encoder platforms on the market.
A brand new architecture offers full flexibility for configuration, with adaptable application modes. The Universal Encoder and Universal
Transcoder module can operate in either a High Video Quality mode, or alternatively in high density broadcast mode. Channel density is
significantly increased with a small adjustment in performance whilst Multiscreen mode enables operators to increase content reach to
multiple media devices in the fixed and mobile domain.
The new second generation statistical multiplexing provides ultra-fast refresh rate from a multi-pass look-ahead design minimizing inherent
latency. Mixed encoder/ transcoder populations can be used within the platform supporting several single or mixed format SD/HD statistical
multiplexing groups so that low-bitrate encoding can be applied to specific services within any given group.
All new Universal Encoder/Transcoder modules can be used in new or existing XC5000 or XC5100 Series platforms and can work in
combination with any other modules from Appear TVs comprehensive range.
FEATURES
Multiscreen (OTT):
Increased internet access together with more powerful computers, integrated TVs, tablets and mobile phones makes it possible for consumers
to receive video content from broadcasters anywhere, at any time and on any screen. This introduces new challenges for content and
network infrastructure providers who need to offer a wide range of different distribution formats with the best possible live video experience
regardless of the distribution networks and viewing devices that are being used.
The latest innovative Universal Encoder/Transcoder running in Multiscreen mode from Appear TV enables broadcasters and IP network
operators to provide high quality multiscreen services. The transcoder module supports MPEG-2/4 TS input and transcodes to multiformat
MPEG-4 TS output with IDR alignment. The encoder module accepts SDI/HDSDI inputs directly, and encodes these into multiple profiles as a
single pass, avoiding the need to concatenate compression stages which always causes inefficiencies and reduces VQ. The unique architecture
delivers significant VQ and efficiency benefits for all real-time applications.
Appear TV now offers a truly optimized OTT solution capable of accepting any input signal format. These benefits are magnified further by a
modular architecture that lets you fit encoding or transcoding options freely according to actual need. The Appear TV Multiscreen encoder/
transcoder simultaneously prepares multiple signals from any source in any format for distribution to high definition televisions, high
resolution computers and low resolution web and mobile devices.
•Modular
• Exceptional video quality
• Compact HW based
encoding/transcoding
• Supports MPEG-2 and MPEG-4 SD and HD
• Power and space efficient
•Scalable
• Segmentation agnostic:
Can be used with customers having existing segmentation
infrastructure
• Complete: Use with other modules to build a complete solution within a chassis
• Can be used to create hybrid broadcast / OTT capable platforms
ENCODING/TRANSCODING MODULES
Encoder -RF input
Analogue Encoder
AC-200
The highly programmable functions include input service replication, resolution change, interlaced to progressive conversion, rescaling and
key frame alignment. The end result provides key-frame aligned outputs in transport stream format with the required metadata to support
either IPTV distribution directly, or interface with the customers preferred packagers to perform segmentation.
The proven ability to interface with several leading segmenters/originserver is another major feature of the Appear TV solution. It enables
customers to freely create a best of breed solution, combining best in class compression with their choice of latest features such as targeted
advertising and common encryption with MPEG DASH.
• Encodes up to 2 SD + PIP or 4 SD channels
• 4 F 75Ω input connectors, one per service
• Input frequency range 47-862MHz
• PAL B/G, PAL I and SECAM D/K input*
• MPEG-2 and MPEG 4 SD encoding
• Operates in two encoder rate control modes:
- Constant bit-rate (CBR)
- Capped variable bit-rate (CVBR)
AC-100
ENCODE R
RF INP UT
AC-200
Stat us
A
B
C
D
*Other TV standards can be supported upon request
• Encodes up to 2 SD + PIP or 4 SD channels
• 4 HD BNC with composite video input
• 25 pin mini D-sub for audio:
- 4 balanced analogue audio
- 2 AES/EBU audio
• MPEG-2 and MPEG 4 SD encoding
• Constant bit-rate (CBR)
• Capped variable bit-rate (CVBR)
• Logo insertion
• 1 slot wide
Universal Transcoder - Multiscreen (OTT)
TC-400
EC-400
EC-400
S tatus
HDSDI B
HDSDI C
• Encodes up to four services into multiple profiles
• 4xSDI or 2xHDSDI input with embedded audio
• Supports an extensive range of resolutions and frame-rates from full 720p60/50 HD down to 144p15/12.5
• Resolution conversion
• Dynamic Encoder GOP Control Modes
• Key frame alignment
• Audio encoding
• 1 slot wide
UN IVER SAL
ENC OD ER
HDSDI A
• Transcodes up to four services into multiple profiles
• Transcodes single service into 4 HD or 28 sub SD profiles
• Profile range from 1920×1080p to 240×180p*
• Resolution conversion
• Frame rate reduction
• GOP alignment
• Audio transcoding
• 1 slot wide
Digital
AudioMODULES
Leveling
PROCESSING
Universal Encoder - Multiscreen (OTT)
Digital Audio Leveling
• For equalisation of audio in TV and Radio services within a
digital head-end
• Audio volume control in an MPEG domain
Descrambling and Scrambling
• Audio leveling of 250 channels
• Supports MPEG 1, layer 1 / 2 audio
Appear TV provides two types of descramblers: CAM-based (DVB-Common Interface)
andrange
bulk +descrambling.
The CAM based descrambler
• Adjustment
30 db
• 1 slot
wide
module is integrated with professional CAM modules from vendors such as SMIT,
SmarDTV,
Aston etc. and supports descrambling of up to
AUDIO
LEVELING
S tatus
*
HDSDI D
SC/MCAUDLEV25
10 services per CAM. The bulk descrambler is aimed at software-based CA systems or CA vendors open for an embeddedSC/MCAUDLEV75
integration. It is
SC/MCAUDLEV150
used for the descrambling of multiple services protected by one or more CA systems and offers very high descrambling density
of up to 250
SC/MCAUDLEV250
services per module, making it an efficient, space and energy saving solution. The scrambler module supports both DVB CSA and all common
flavors of AES scrambling algorithms. The scrambler module is fully simulcrypt compliant and has been integrated with all major CA vendors.
audio leveling
EPG and audio leveling
*For complete list of available profiles, please contact Appear TV
The Electronic Program Guide (EPG) module allows a network operator to receive several channel bouquets from multiple sources and
The
Appear TV Audio Leveling EPG will receive
is designed
to enable
operators
to adjust and
thefilter
audio
reuse the existing EPG information. Thesolution
EIT tables from
any available
input automatically
out unused services and
Universal Transcoder – High VQ Broadcast
Universal Encoder - High VQ Broadcast
• Transcodes up to:
­ - 4 HD with PIP
­ - 12 SD with PIP
­ - 16 SD no PIP
• Full decode and re-encode
• Audio transcoding
• Component pass-through
• Operates in 3 different Encoder Rate Control modes:
­ - Constant Bit Rate (CBR)
­ - Capped Variable Bit Rate (CVBR)
­ - Statistical Multiplexing
• Mediaroom approved
• 1 slot wide
EC-400
S tatus
Appear TV’s audio leveling simplifies the process of changing the audio levels of hundreds of channels by eliminating the need to decode and
re-encode
these
TV andLeveling
radio channels
prior toenables
transmitting
them. The solution
lets operators
tune the
audio
level domain,
of up to 250 audio tracks
Appear
TV’s
Audio
solution
operators
to individually,
within
the
MPEG
individually,
within
the
MPEG
domain.
The
audio
leveling
module
supports
MPEG-1
layer
1
or
2
audio
with
an
adjustment
range of ±30dB.
adjust the audio level of each channel. Each Audio Leveling has a capacity of up to 250 channels.
An Appear TV head-end can take more than one Audio Leveling module, allowing operators to cater
for hundreds of channels simultaneously.
HDSDI D
TC-200, TC-400
UN IVER SAL
ENC OD ER
HDSDI C
• Encodes 1 HD or 2 SD into MPEG-2 or MPEG-4
• SDI/HDSDI input with embedded audio
• 2 BNC, 75 ohm female input ports (plus 2 unused BNC)
• Operates in three encoder rate control modes:
- Constant Bit Rate (CBR)
- Capped Variable Bit Rate (CVBR)
- Statistical Multiplexing
• Resolution conversion
• Picture in Picture
• Logo insertion
• Advanced audio encoding with support for all common audio codecs
• 1 slot wide
HDSDI B
EC-400
• Transcodes up to:
-1 HD with PIP
-2 SD with PIP
• Full decode and re-encode
• Optional H.264 4:2:2 8bit/ 10bit decoding
• Resolution conversion
• MPEG-1, AAC and Dolby® audio transcoding
• Component pass-through
• Operates in 3 different Encoder Rate Control modes:
­ - Constant Bit Rate (CBR)
­ - Capped Variable Bit Rate (CVBR)
­ - Statistical Multiplexing
• 1 slot wide
HDSDI A
TC-400
Universal Transcoder - Dense Broadcast
re-generate the EIT schedule to reflect the current channel lineup for the selected network. For channels without EPG information on air, the
information can be imported via a dedicated IP interface using XMLTV format.
Universal Encoder – Dense Broadcast
EC-400
• Encodes 4 HD or 4 SD into MPEG-2 or MPEG-4
• SDI/HDSDI input with embedded audio
• 4 BNC, 75 ohm female input ports
• Operates in three encoder rate control modes:
- Constant Bit Rate (CBR)
- Capped Variable Bit Rate (CVBR)
- Statistical Multiplexing
• Resolution conversion
• Picture in Picture
• Logo insertion
• Advanced audio encoding with support for all common audio
codecs
• 1 slot wide
FEATURES
•Modular
•Provides integrated
•Customizable to specific operator demands
functionality normally requiring separate chassis or servers
•High density
•Powerful MPEG processing with high throughput
Sp
tions and product availability are subject to change without notice.
PROCESSING MODULES
MPEG OUTPUT MODULES
Bulk Descrambler
SIM Bulk Descrambler
• Descrambles up to 250 services (850 Mbit/s)
• Integrated with soft clients for ECM handling
(no smart card required)
• Support for both DVB-CA and AES descrambling
• Integrated with Verimatrix and Latens
• BISS descrambling
• 1 slot wide
• Descrambles up to 250 services (850 Mbit/s)
• Smart Card based descrambling (SIM)
• 16 SIM readers; 8 in front and 8 behind the front
• Support for both DVB-CA and AES descrambling
• Integrated with Conax
• BISS descrambling
• 2 slot wide
BD-100
Appear TV offers a large number of different output modules that can be used in various applications. All output modules have powerful
MPEG multiplexing and PSI/SI/PSIP capabilities to enable operators to maximize the potential of their network. Each output module has been
designed to support 850 Mbit/s transport stream data-rate and 250 services.
BD-200
IP and ASI output
The IP output module is a high capacity module with full multiplexing and PSI/SI regeneration targeted at linear broadcasting. The IP output
modules support any combination of MPTS and SPTS as long as the total number of services is less than 250 and the total transport stream
bit-rate is less than 850 Mbit/s. Each output port supports IPv4, IPv6, source specific multicast, generation of FEC according to SMPTE 2022
and Appear TV’s unique IP output redundancy solution.
For legacy systems an ASI output module with 4 independent ASI outputs is available. Each ASI output supports up to 213 Mbit/s in burst
mode or 72 Mbit/s in spread (byte) mode.
Scrambler
Descrambler
Modulated output
• DVB CA compliant scrambling (CSA) and AES
compliant scrambling
• Scrambles up to 250 services, maximum 850 Mbit/s
• Supports scrambling of MPEG-2, MPEG-4 and HEVC
• DVB Simulcrypt compliant
• 10/100/1000BaseT IP interface towards
CA system (RJ45)
• Handles up to 250 ECMs
• 1 slot wide
• 2 × DVB Common interface
• Descrambling of 10 services per CAM (depends on
common interface)
• Support for all major CA systems and CAMs
• 1 slot wide
All Appear TV’s modulated output modules are based on a full digital modulation and up-conversion architecture developed in house to
provide the best possible output quality. Appear TV’s leading edge DVB-T/T2 modulator is fully frequency agile for terrestrial transmitters,
MMDS systems or for DVB-T/T2 modulation into cable networks. This high density modulator is capable of producing up to 4 DVB-T or 2
DVB-T2 modulated channels, offering more throughput and improved error resiliency. For terrestrial operation, the modulator supports SFN
with either MIP TS or T2MI as input .
Digital Audio Leveling
EPG
• For equalisation of audio in TV and Radio services
within a digital head-end
• Audio volume control in an MPEG domain
• Audio leveling of 250 channels
• Supports MPEG 1, layer 1 / 2 audio
• Adjustment range ± 30 dB
• 1 slot wide
• Re-generation of EIT schedule on selected output ports
• Gathers EIT information from all input ports
• EPG data is filtered and regenerated to reflect new
channelplan
• Supports multiple of networks
• Configurable play out rate with prioritization
• Configurable period to be played out
• EPG synchronization between multiple ATV units
• 1 slot wide
CA-100
AL-100
Appear TV’s advanced DVB-S/S2/S2x modulator is a fully frequency agile modulator aimed at modulating SD/HD services on to satellite. This
high density modulator is capable of producing up to 2 DVB-S or DVB-S2 modulated channels. The solution offers broadcasters a higher rack
density and lower power consumption, compared to alternative solutions and comes with advanced functionality like pre-compensation. The
DVB-S/S2/S2x modulator is available in two different output configurations: IF or L-band.
Appear TV’s compact QAM solution generates 16 QAM frequencies for cable networks. The module supports both full re-multiplexing and
transparent mapping with optional NIT replacement and PID/Service blocking making it one of the most versatile QAM modulation solutions
for linear broadcasting on the market. Appear TV’s QAM solution is ideal for regional cable head-ends where additional processing are
required like service filtering, local re-multiplexing, local encoding, SI regeneration, EPG regeneration, etc.
EP-200
EPG
EP-200
Status
SFP A
SFP B
Note: For Dynamic audio leveling (Interface options),
please contact Appear TV.
DS-101
Data A
Data B
Terrestrial GW solutions
The gateway module transforms an Appear TV chassis into a complete solution for DVB-T and T2. It combines the MPEG multiplexing, PSI/SI
generation and gateway roles into a single module. Combining this with modules to perform encoding, transcoding and scrambling enables
a unique integrated head-end design eliminating the need for a traditional multiple box approach with the added complexity. The Appear TV
gateway module supports DVB-T with MIP timestamp insertion or DVB-T2 T2MI encapsulation with SFN timestamps together with multi PLP
support. The terrestrial gateway module is available with ASI or IP outputs and can support up to 4 separate gateways per module (2 on ASI
out). Integrated redundancy schemes are available to go beyond what is commonly available today and provide seamless protection of the
distribution chain as well as the SFN network.
Audio Processor
AP-100
• Encodes up to 32 stereo channels
• 4x SDI/HDSDI input with embedded audio
• 4x BNC, 75 Ohm female input ports
• 8 stereo audio tracks per SD/HDSDI feed
• Audio codec support
- MPEG-1 - Layer 2
- MPEG-1 - Layer 3 (MP3)
- AAC-LC
- HE-AAC v1
- HE-AAC v2
• Audio channel modes:
- Stereo
- Mono
• Audio Level Adjustment , +6/-10dB
• 1 slot wide
FEATURES
•Modular
•Integrated
• Scalable
•High density
•Flexible
•Seamless redundancy options
•Intelligent, automatic redundancy solutions
•Powerful multiplexing with high throughput
•Integrated multiplexing & PSI/SI re-generation
OUTPUT MODULES
Dual IP IO
ASI Output
IP-200
AO-110
• 2 × Gbit output port for data (or 1×in and 1×out)
• 10/100/1000BaseT (RJ45) or SFP output
• Up to 850 Mbit/s per data port TS
• Supports UDP/RTP Multicast/Unicast
• Supports streaming of MPTS and SPTS
• Supports cloned output
• Supports multiplexing and transparent pass-through
• PSI/SI/PSIP regeneration
• Supports FEC (SMPTE 2022) (license)
•1 slot wide
• 4 × ASI outputs
• 4 × BNC connectors
• 213 Mbit/s Burst mode or 72 Mbit/s Spread mode per output
• 4 different multiplexed outputs
• Supports multiplexing and transparent pass-through
• PSI/SI/PSIP regeneration
• 1 slot wide
CM-400
• Standards DAB/DAB+
• EDI input
• 8 x DAB/DAB+ modulated carriers
• Frequency range 174-300 MHz
• Output level -4 dBm to -15 dBm
• 1 slot wide
DA B/DA B+
MO DULATO R
CM-400
Stat us
RF O ut
A
B
DVB-S/S2X modulator
DVB-T/T2 Terrestrial Modulator
SM-300
• 2 DVB-S/S2/S2x modulated carriers per module
• Output connectors:
­
-IF › 1 × 75Ω F connector + 1 × 50Ω SMA for monitoring
per output
­
-L-band › 1 × 50Ω SMA connector + 1 × 75Ω F for monitoring per output
• Satellite standards:
­
-DVB-S EN 300 421
­
-DVB-S2 EN 302 307 – 1
­
-DVB-S2X EN 302 307 -2, Broadcast Services
• Output options:
­
-IF › 50-200 MHz
­
-L-band › 950-2150 MHz
•Modulation:
­
-DVB-S › QPSK
­
-DVB-S2X › QPSK, 8-PSK, 16/32/64/128/256-APSK
• Symbol rate: 0.1-68 Mbaud
• 24V DC and 10MHz reference output
• DVB Carrier ID, NIT Carrier ID
• Linear static precorrection
• Supports multiplexing and transparent pass-through
DAB/DAB+ Modulator
TM-300
• 2 DVB-T2 or 2 DVB-T independent outputs
• 1 × BNC connector + 1 × BNC for monitoring per output
• Monitoring ports for each output
• VHF/UHF, 50 Ω BNC, 47-862 MHz
• Output levels: -15 to 0 dBm
• Supports multiplexing and transparent pass-through (mode A)
• Support for SFN (ETSI TS 102 733 T2-MI)
• Support for multiple PLPs
• Supports multiplexing and transparent
• PSI/SI regeneration
• 1 slot wide
Appear TV offers the most integrated, powerful and flexible range of DVB-T2 solutions. The compact modular approach makes it possible
to provide complete head-ends consisting of content acquisition, premium compression with statistical multiplexing, DVB-T2 gateways,
and modulation in single or multiple units to provide an end to end solution.
Terrestrial signals for DVB-T2 can be distributed via satellite, ASI or IP to transmitter sites where regional processing is performed before
being delivered to the transmitter. In addition Appear TV can provide a complete low-power transmitter solution with all necessary
components integrated into a compact 1RU chassis if applicable. All components are developed in house, giving customer’s access to our
design level expertise with the added benefit of being able to customize the solution to meet specific customer requirements.
DVB-T/T2 Cable Modulator
QAM Modulator
• 4 DVB-T modulators (TM-101)
• 2 DVB-T/T2 modulators (TM-200)
• Connectors:
- TM-101 › 2 × 75 Ω F connector (2 x frequencies per output)
- TM-200 › 2 × 75 Ω F connector (1 x frequencies per output)
• Full digital modulation and up-conversion
• 5, 6, 7, 8 MHz bandwidth
• Frequency range 47-862 MHz, fully agile
• Output levels: -12 to 2.2 dBm
• PSI/SI regeneration
• 1 slot wide
• 16 QAM modulators, 4 and 4 paired
• 2 × 75 Ω RF output (EN/IEC 60728-5) - F connector
• Full digital modulation and up-conversion
• DOCSIS 3.0 RF compliant
• 16 / 32 / 64 / 128 / 256 QAM modulation
• Frequency range of 47 – 1000 MHz
• Supports multiplexing and transparent pass-through
• PSI/SI/PSIP regeneration
• ITU-TJ83. Annex A/B/C
• 1 slot wide
TM-101, TM-200
END TO END TERRESTRIAL SOLUTIONS
CM-201, CM-301, CM-210, CM-310
The solution offers many highly distinctive features including a new option for providing regionalization using the ‘common PLP’ mechanism, an integrated seamless DVB-T2 gateway redundancy option and sophisticated seamless IP packet re-construction to dramatically
increase signal distribution robustness over IP links. Because the entire solution is modular, Appear TV offers the market an easy to
manage, easy to upgrade, ultra-compact solution that provides the best possible standards of technical performance whilst consuming a
fraction of the space and power of competing systems.
DVB-T2 Integrated Multiplexer and DVB-T2 Gateway Module
Appear TV has improved upon typical DTT architectures that rely on multiple boxes and complex NMS to provide an integrated solution.
In contrast, Appear TV solutions are optimally integrated from the beginning. Appear TV gateway module is an integrated MPEG multiplexer, PSI/SI generator and DVB-T2 gateway on a single slot.
The advanced Appear TV DVB-T2 gateway module is representative of Appear TV’s modular approach enabling operators to combine
reception, descrambling, encoding/transcoding, scrambling, multiplexing, PSI/SI generation,T2 gateway and modulation stages within a
single chassis with integrated management.
ISDB-T Modulator
CM-500
• 8 ISDB-T modulated carriers per module
• 2 × 75 Ω RF output - F connector
• Full digital modulation and up-conversion
• DOCSIS 3.0 RF compliant
• QPSK, 16QAM, 64 QAM modulation
• Frequency range of 47 – 862 MHz
• Supports multiplexing and transparent pass-through
• PSI/SI/PSIP regeneration
• Relevant Standards:
- ARIB STD-B31
- ARIB STD-B10
• 1 slot wide
DVB-T/T2 GW
AO-120, IP-201
• IP or ASI out options:
-10/100/1000 BaseT (RJ45) or SFP output on IP
- 2 × (1+1) ASI out
• Supports DVB-T MIP insertion and DVB-T2 T2MI generation
• 4 independent gateways per module (2 for T2MI on ASI out)
• Supports up to 240 PLPs
• Regionalization options
• PAPR and MISO support
• Full (Re-)multiplexing support (per PLP)
• PSI/SI regeneration
• Supports SMPTE 2022 FEC (license)
• 1 slot wide
Appear TV modules offer high channel and carrier density. The gateway module supports multiplexing and T2MI generation of up to 4
independent complete T2MI streams on IP or 2 T2MI streams on ASI and provides up to 140 regional PLPs per module. The combination
of integration and performance offered by the module is unique, making it the most powerful, yet easiest to use, DVB-T2 Gateway solution on the market. The modules are usually provided in 1+1 redundancy configuration using the Appear TV seamless T2MI redundancy
option.
The gateway’s many features can be used to complement the requirements and distribution methods required by individual customers,
and can support centralized (backhaul) and ‘in region’ (edge) content replacement models using any distribution mechanism including
support for TS replacement or deterministic PLP replacement techniques as appropriate.
Architectures and Regionalization
Appear TV network delivery enhancements include support for the DVB-S/S2/S2x standard and are incorporated into the satellite
modulator and demodulator modules. For IP distribution our ‘seamless’ packet re-construction technology provides superior protection against network packet loss and enables FEC levels to be reduced, re-claiming useful bandwidth. whilst ensuring exceptional QoS.
Network reach can be extended via our fully integrated modular low-power
DECODER
DECODER MODULES
A key feature of Appear TV platforms is the ability to use a common hardware platform to deliver high quality analog and digital TV services
simultaneously. The SDI/HDSDI outputs and optional AES/EBU audio outputs are ideal for downlink and rebroadcast, or for monitoring
purposes.
Simulcasting
The high performance decoders with RF modulation are ideal for operators wanting to eliminate the need to distribute analog channels over
the core network. Appear TV’s decoder modules with RF output support PAL, SECAM and NTSC together with A2, NICAM and MTS stereo
audio modulation. Based on a full digital-modulation and up-conversion architecture, the decoder with RF modulation gives the best RF
performance possible.
Appear TV FM radio decoders offer cable operators a compact solution for the delivery of radio services. Each radio module decodes 8 MPEG
stereo audio tracks and FM modulates the audio with RDS. The FM radio module can be combined with decoders and digital QAM modulator,
making them a complete remote head-end for cable operators.
Dual MPEG-2/4 Decoder with SDI/HDSDI Output
& AES Audio option
Dual MPEG-2/4 Decoder with SDI/HDSDI Output
DE-401 / DE-411*
DE-501 / DE-511*
• 2 decoders per module
• 2 × BNC with SDI/HDSDI outputs per decoder
• MPEG2 and MPEG4 (H264) SD and HD
• Frame Synchronization (Genlock) support (HW option)
• Dolby® Digital Plus (HW option)
- Dolby® Digital and Dolby® Digital Plus decoding, Downmix from
5.1 to 2.0 (Lo/Ro & Lt/Rt), Compression Modes (Line & RF)
- Conversion Dolby® Digital Plus to Dolby® Digital
• VBI re-insertion (WSS, WST/EBU Teletext, VPS, VITS)
• VANC re-insertion (WSS, Teletext, VPS, DPI, AFD, EBU Subtitles)
• DVB and EBU subtitling
• 1 slot wide
• 2 decoders per module
• 1 SD/HDSDI output per decoder
• 1 AES audio output per decoder
• MPEG2 and MPEG4 (H264) SD and HD video
• MPEG-1 Layer 1/2, MPEG-2 Layer 2, MPEG4 AAC-LC, MPEG4
AAC plus v.1/2 audio
• Dolby® Digital Plus (HW option)
- Dolby® Digital and Dolby® Digital Plus decoding, Downmix
from 5.1 to 2.0 (Lo/Ro & Lt/Rt), Compression Modes (Line & RF)
- Conversion Dolby® Digital Plus to Dolby® Digital
• VBI re-insertion (WSS, WST/EBU Teletext, VPS, VITS)
• VANC re-insertion (WSS, Teletext, VPS, DPI, AFD, EBU Subtitles)
• DVB and EBU subtitling
• 1 slot wide
DUAL HD
DECODER
DE-401
Status
A
A
B
B
HDSDI/SDI
*DE-411, DE-511 required for Genlock support
Dual MPEG 2/4 Decoder with Composite Output
FM Radio with RDS Output
DE-211
FM-100
• 2 decoders per module
• Composite PAL and NTSC Video output - BNC connectors
• Balanced Stereo Audio output – D-sub connector
• MPEG2 and MPEG4 (H264) SD and HD
• Dolby® Digital Plus (HW option)
- Dolby® Digital and Dolby® Digital Plus decoding, Downmix from 5.1 to 2.0 (Lo/Ro & Lt/Rt), Compression Modes (Line & RF)
• VBI re-insertion (WSS, WST/EBU Teletext, VPS, VITS)
• DVB and EBU subtitling
• 1 slot wide
• 8 independent radio channels per module
• Decoding of MPEG-1,2 audio
• FM modulation and up-conversion to FM band
• Fully agile independent frequency setting for each channel
• RDS insertion - UECP SPB490 or static
• One RF output connector, F-type, with all 8 channels
• MPX test output
• 1 slot wide
Quad Decoder with RF Output
2 x DE-101 + AM-100 / 1 x DE-101+1 AM-100
FEATURES
•Modular
•Scalable
•High density with up to 40 analogue RF modulated TV channels in 4RU
•Integrated analogue simulcast solution for video and FM radio
• 4 or 8 decoders and RF modulators
• MPEG-2/4 (H264) SD and HD decoding (half can be HD)
• PAL› B/G, D/K, I • SECAM › B/G, D/K
• NTSC › M
• HD downconversion to SD
• Dolby® Digital Plus (HW option)
-Dolby® Digital and Dolby® Digital Plus decoding, downmix from 5.1 to 2.0 (Lo/Ro & Lt/Rt), Compression modes (Line & RF)
• VBI re-insertion (WSS, WST/EBU Teletext, VPS, VITS)
• DVB and EBU subtitling
• RF modulation and up-conversion
• 47-862 MHz frequency range
• 2 F connector output ports, up to 4 channels per port
• 2 DVB Common Interfaces per decoder module
• 2 or 3 slots wide
TV
QUAD
QUAD
DECODER MO DULATOR DECODER
DE-101
Status
AM-100
DE-101
Status
Status
CA
CA
RF Out
A+B
C+D
A B
A B
•MPEG-2/4 SD/HD decoding
•Digital RF modulation
Dolby® Digital Plus Professional Decoder. ‘Dolby‘ and the ‘double-D‘ symbol are registered trademarks of Dolby® Laboratories.
REDUNDANCY
SWITCH MODULE SPECIFICATIONS
( AWA R D W I N N I N G )
Appear TV’s intelligent redundancy software provides seamless integration between broadcast equipment and IP networks. It protects every
stage and provides automatic backup in case of service stream failure at input, protection from internal failures, and intermittent or permanent
data losses within distribution networks without requiring complex control software.
Appear TV’s redundancy solution is unique in being the only solution in the IP television market to take a holistic view of operation and network
management. Redundancy configuration is simplified and automated, and operational routines are significantly reduced. The integrated
redundancy solutions offer operators compelling quality of service benefits and improved network reliability. The individual elements of this
integrated solution are further described below. For more detailed information please contact Appear TV.
Input redundancy
N+M redundancy (4RU chassis feature) (License)
The Appear TV system is equipped with an advanced input redundancy
switching mechanism. Any output service can be configured to have
a backup service from a different input TS regardless of input type.
Input switching can also be performed on TS level using ‘input port
redundancy’.
The Appear TV self-managed N+M redundancy for encoding and
transcoding provides a powerful option for broadcasters needing the
economies of N+M compression redundancy without the expense,
complexity and long term reliability concerns of a conventional
NMS. Rather than relying on external PC hardware, Appear TV have
integrated the redundancy control into the built in management
Redundancy switching can be set to automatic or manual. In system thus simplifying system configuration eliminating integration
automatic mode it is possible to choose from the following switching and operational issues between HW and management PC. It is the
modes: Once (switch and stop), Floating or Reverting.
perfect method for creating the intelligent ‘device islands’ that are
increasingly being favored by broadcasters when architecting new
Seamless IP input redundancy (License)
solutions.
The Appear TV Seamless IP Switch module makes it possible to
achieve seamless IP input redundancy switching between two The encoders and transcoders will be the only items within the chassis
distribution networks. The Seamless IP Switch combines an innovative in N+M configuration. Everything else will be 1+1. This includes any
alignment technique with a fast acting data switch making it possible input and output ports, all control and management functions,
to reconstruct a perfect outgoing stream even from two imperfect the backplane and the power supplies. Each 4RU chassis will be
network feeds.
equipped with backup encoder or transcoder module(s) capable of
providing module level replacement for any of the active encoders
The Seamless IP Switch can regenerate the traffic received via two or transcoders within the chassis. Multiple redundancy groups can be
networks, so that both networks are used 100% of the time to back each combined in the chassis by automatically creating groups of encoders
other up. Using the data provided by both networks simultaneously, and transcoders. For encoding, the redundant control modules can
rather than just one, enables dramatic improvements in QoS.
drive a (HD)SDI video router directly
Internal Redundancy (4RU chassis feature)
IP Output redundancy (License)
By using Appear TV’s Internal Redundancy feature, all critical single
points of failure in the 4RU chassis are eliminated. This clever
mechanism facilitates configurations with redundant switch modules,
redundant backplanes, redundant IP inputs, redundant MMI (i.e.
management & control) as well as redundant power supplies. In case
of input, switch or MMI failure, all output modules or decoder modules
will switch backplane and log into the other MMI where it will receive
the services from the backup inputs and switch.
The IP output redundancy system presents a network with multiple
sources from which it is possible to obtain the same service. Should
the service from one source be corrupted, the network can receive
the service from another source. The redundancy solution is service
based (multicast based) where the same service will be available for
two or more sources. As long as all sources with the same channel
have the same IP source address, the network will route just a single
copy of the multicast stream forward to the receiver based on routing
cost. In the event of a service issue within, or prior to, the Appear TV
chassis, the IP output module exploits standard IP protocols to trigger
external routers to switch to secondary sources. The “Monitor-in-out”
functionality may be used for those networks not utilizing routing
protocols.
By having 1+1 redundancy on inputs and switch modules, all
components of the chassis are backed up, except for the decoder
and output modules which normally handle a subset of the available
channels. In case of failure of decoder or output modules, they can
easily be hot-swapped, and the affected services will be up and
running in seconds.
Where full redundancy is not required, partial redundancy strategies
can be implemented. Systems can be configured to provide full
redundancy of only selected premium or ‘must-carry’ services.
Operators can then choose not to replicate the input and descrambling
functions of lower priority services, but still equip the chassis with
multiple IP output modules to provide limited fault tolerance.
Switch Module Bitrate : Gbit/s routing between modules in a chassis
SW-200 (No IP IO)
Placement : 1 slot wide (4RU switch module must be placed in slot 0;
SW-301, SW-401 redundant module in slot 17)
SW-310, SW-410
IP Input/Output
Interface : 2 × 10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet or SFP
: Optical SFP (class 1 laser product)
Maximum data rate per port : Up to 850 MBit/s per port TS rate
Maximum number of services per port
: 250
Data format : UDP/RTP Multicast/Unicast
Transport stream : SPTS and MPTS
Service filtering : Yes
Video format : Transport stream; MPEG-2, MPEG-4, HEVC
IP Input
IP de-jittering Forward Error Correction IP Output
Multiplexing Forward Error Correction Tables Supported
- PSI - SI - PSIP : PCR or CBR
: SMPTE 2022-1
250 input streams per data port
: Yes (licensed)
: SMPTE 2022-1
250 output streams per data port
: PAT, PMT, CAT
: SDT, NIT, EIT pf , TOT, TDT, BAT, AIT
: MGT, TVCT, CVCT
Refenence Clock
Frame Synchronization Input (Genlock)
Internal Clock Refence
MMI Clock Syncronization
: Accepts black burst and Tri-Level reference signal.*
: 10 MHz
: Yes (SW-310, SW-410 only)
Management
Interface
Built-in user interface
External interface
: 10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet
: Web
: SNMP for alarms, SOAP for configuration and status
* If SDI reference signal support is needed, contact your sales representative.
Licenced features
: 2xIP In, 1xIP In/1xIP Out, 2xIP Out, Seam. IP In, Cloned IP Out
: FEC in, FEC out, FEC in/out
: Multiplexing
: IP Out Redundancy
Clock Reference
CK-100
GPS reference input
Antenna connector Impedance 1pps timing accuracy Active Antenna Voltage output Internal reference hold-over : SMA female
: 50 Ω
: < 100 ns RMS
: 0V, 3.3V(default) or 5V
: ≤1us in 4 hrs @ΔT= 0˚C
1pps reference input
Number of input ports Input connector type Impedance Input level 1pps (1Hz)
Internal reference hold-over :1
: BNC female
: TTL or 50 Ω
: TTL
: ≤1us in 4 hrs @ΔT= 0˚C
Licenced features
: GPS receiver, OCSO oscillator, OCXO oscillator (stability 0.2ppb/day)
COMMON INPUT SPECIFICATIONS
All Input Modules
Transport stream
Service filtering
Video format
: SPTS and MPTS
: Yes
: Transport stream, MPEG-2/4 (H264) and HEVC
INPUT INTERFACE SPECIFICATIONS
Dual IP IO IP Input/Output
IP-200
Interface
Operational mode
Maximum data rate per port
Maximum number of services per port
Data format
IP Input
IP de-jittering
Forward Error Correction
: 2×10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet and SFP
: The module can be configured to;
- 1 input and 1 output
- Seamless (Hitless) IP in
- Cloned IP out
- Dual IP in
- Dual IP out
: Up to 850 Mbit/s per port in Seamless (Hitless) in, cloned
out or 1×IPIN + 1×IPOUT
: Up to 850 Mbit/s sum of both ports in Dual IP in or Dual
IP out mode
: 250
: UDP/RTP Multicast/Unicast
: Yes, based on PCR or CBR
: SMPTE 2022-1
250 input streams per data port
IP Output
Multiplexing Forward Error Correction : Yes
: SMPTE 2022-1
250 output streams per data port
Lisenced features : Seamless input, Cloned IP Out
: FEC in, FEC out, FEC in/out
: Multiplexing
: IP output redundancy
ASI Input AI-110
: EN 50083-9
: BNC female, 75Ω
:4
: Up to 213.7Mbit/s (burst)
Key reference specification
Connector
Number of inputs per module
Maximum bit-rate per port
DVB-S/S2X input
Key reference specification SR-120
Connector
Number of inputs per module
Frequency range
Acquisition range
Input level
DVB-S Constellation
DVB-S2 Constellation
DVB-S2X Constellation
Symbol rate DVB-S/S2/S2X
Decoding DVB-S2/S2X
FEC DVB-S
FEC DVB-S2 QPSK
FEC DVB-S2 8PSK
FEC DVB-S2 8APSK
FEC DVB-S2 16APSK
FEC DVB-S2 32APSK
Roll off DVB-S
Roll off DVB-S2
Roll off DVB-S2X
Spectrum inversion
: EN 300 421, EN 302 307 part 1 and 2
: F female, 75Ω
:4
: 950–2150 MHz
: Auto, 0.15MHz, 1MHz, 2MHz, 2.5MHz, 5MHz
: -79 to -20 dBm (16-APSK, 9/10 code rate)
: QPSK
: QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK, 32APSK
: QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK, 32APSK
: 1–45 MSym/s (1-39.9MSym/s for 32-APSK)
: LDPC and BCH
: 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8
: 1/4, 13/45, 1/3, 2/5, 9/20, 1/2, 11/20, 3/5, 2/3,
3/4, 4/5, 5/6, 8/9, 9/10
: 3/5, 23/36, 2/3, 25/36, 13/18, 3/4, 5/6, 8/9, 9/10
: 5/9, 26/45
: 5/9, 8/15, 1/2, 26/45, 3/5, 28/45, 23/36, 2/3,
25/36, 13/18, 3/4, 7/9, 4/5, 5/6, 77/90, 8/9, 9/10
: 2/3, 32/45, 11/15, 3/4, 7/9, 4/5, 5/6, 8/9, 9/10
: Auto, 0.35
: Auto, 0.20, 0.25, 0.35
: Auto, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, 0.25, 0.35
: Auto, Normal, Inverted
DVB-S2 FEC frames
LNB voltage
Maximum LNB supply current
LNB signaling
Multiple streams
T2MI De-encapsulation
Licenced features
DVB-T/T2 input Number of DVB-T/T2 inputs per module TR-210, TR-211
Input connector Input connector configurations
Input frequency range Input level range Minimum return loss DVB-T
Key reference specification FFT Size Guard Intervals FEC code rate Constellation Channel bandwidth
Hierarchy stream Hierarchy mode Spectral inversion DVB-T2 Key reference specification FFT Size Guard Interval FEC frame FEC code rate (PLP) Constellation (PLP) Channel bandwidth
Pilot pattern SISO and MISO transmission
Single and Multiple-PLPs
Spectral inversion Rotated constellation
Licenced features
: Normal frames
: 0/13/18 Volt
: 400 mA
: LNB voltage + 22kHz continuous tone
: 1 per input port
: 1 PLP per port
: DVB-S2 demodulation
DVB-S2X demodulation
T2MI de-encapsulation
:4
: F-female, 75 Ω
: 1 F connector internally split or 4 F connectors
: 47–862 MHz
: - 80 to -10 dBm (at T2, 8MHz, 256 QAM, 3/5, gaussian channel)
: 10 dB
: ETSI EN 300744, Nordig 2.0
: 2k, 8k
: 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32
: 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8
: QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM
: 6, 7, or 8 MHz
: High and Low priority
: All
: Automatic
: ETSI EN 302755, Nordig 2.1
: 1k, 2k, 4k, 8k, 8k extended, 16k,
16k extended, 32k, 32k extended
: 1/4, 19/128, 1/8, 19/256, 1/16, 1/32, 1/128
: Normal (64k), Short (16k)
: 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6
: QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM, 256-QAM
: 5, 6, 7 or 8 MHz
: P1–P8
: Yes
: Yes
: Automatic
: Automatic
: DVB-T2 demodulation
DVB-C Input CR-110
Key reference specification
Connector
Number of inputs per module
Number of input ports
Frequency range
Channel bandwidth
QAM Mode
Symbol rate Spectrum inversion
Input power level
: EN 300 429, ITU-T J83 annex A, and C
: F female, 75Ω
: 4 independent tuner/demodulators
: 1 (internal splitter feeding the 4 tuners)
: 47–862 MHz
: 6, 7 and 8 MHz
: 4, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256 QAM
: 1–7.2 Mbaud
: Automatic
: - 30 to -65 dBm (at 256 QAM, 6.9 Ms/s)
QAM Annex B input
TR-300
Key reference specification
Connector
Number of inputs per module
Frequency range
Channel bandwidth
QAM Mode
Symbol rate : ITU-T J83 annex B
: F female, 75Ω
:4
: 54–860 MHz
:6
: 64, 256 QAM
: 5.057 Mbaud (64 QAM), 5.360 MBaud (256 QAM)
8-VSB Input (ATSC) TR-300
Key reference specification
Connector
Number of inputs per module
: ATSC A/53
: F female, 75Ω
:4
Input level
Frequency range
Modulation
Band
: -34 to +40 dBmV
: 50–860 MHz
: 8-VSB
: Broadcast
Licenced features
: 8-VSB, QAM Annex B
ISDB-T/SBTVD-T TR-401
Key reference specification Channel bandwidth
: ARIB STD-B31
: 6, 7 and 8 MHz
RF Input specification
Number of inputs per module Number of input ports Connector Frequency range Input power level Maximum
Minimum (QPSK, 2/3)
Minimum (64 QAM, 7/8) Return loss
Demodulation FEC
Spectrum inversion
: 4 independent tuner/demodulators
: 1 (internal splitter feeding the 4 tuners)
: F female, 75Ω
: 50–860 MHz
: -10 dBm
: -76 dBm
: -95dBm
: 10dB
: DQPSK, QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM
: 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8, Automatic
: Automatic
ENCODING/TRANSCODING SPECIFICATIONS
Universal Encoder - High VQ Broadcast
EC-400
Density
Number of channels per module
Video Input
HD Res. / Frame rates (SMPTE 292M)
SD Res. / Frame rates (SMPTE 259M)
Audio Inputs Embedded Audio Video Encoder
Architecture
MPEG-2 profiles
MPEG-4 AVC profiles
Rate Control Modes GOP structure : Up to 1 HD or 2 SD
Picture-in-Picture
Density
Codec
Bitrate
Resolutions
GOP Size
: One PiP available for each main channel
: MPEG-4 AVC BP or MP
: Min 96kbps, Max 500kbps (CBR)
: 320x240, 192x192, 176x144, 128x96
: Configurable independent of main channel
Video Pre-processing
Inverse Telecine Detection
De-blocking Filter
Motion Compensated Temporal Filter (MCTF) WSS Blanking
: Detect if input is 3:2 pull down and omit repeated fields.
: Adjustable
: Adjustable
: Removal of line 23 WSS from active video
Video Re-scaling
Horizontal Rescaling Down Conversion HD to SD
Up Conversion SD to HD
Frame Rate Conversion
: From 1920 to 1440, 1280 or 960
: From 1280 to 960 or 640
: From 720 to 704, 640, 544, 528, 480 or 352
: Including aspect ratio conversion, letter-/pillar boxing
:Including aspect ratio conversion, letter-/pillar boxing
and de-interlacing.
: From 59.94 fps to 59.94/29.97 fps
: From 50 fps to 50/25 fps
: From 29.97 fps to 59.94/29.97 fps
: From 25 fps to 50/25 fps
:Frame rate up conversion only for interlaced input
(1080i/576i/480i) to 720p output.
: SMPTE 272M (SD), SMPTE 299M (HD)
: Sample rate 48kHz, synchronous to video
: Dual Pass with look ahead
: MP@HL (HD) up to 60Mbps
: MP@ML (SD) up to 16Mbps
: MP@L4.2, HP@L4.2 (HD) up to 55Mbps
: MP@L3.1, HP@L3.1 (SD) up to 16Mbps
: Constant Bit Rate (CBR)
: Capped VBR (CVBR) with QP target
: Statistical Multiplexing
:D
ynamic with Scene Change Detection and Adaptive
GOP structure.
: Locked to HDSDI/SDI input
: Manual, WSS, Video Index or AFD Codes
: PCR on Video PID or as separate PID
: Typical 5000ms (4000ms reduced delay mode)
Audio Encoder
Number of encoded stereo pairs per main video : 6 (4 for Dolby® Digital / Dolby® Digital Plus)
Audio CODECS
: MPEG-1 Layer 2
: AAC-LC (2.0, 5.11))
: HE-AAC v1 (2.0, 5.11))
: HE-AAC v2
: Dolby® Digital2)
: Dolby® Digital Plus3)
‘Dolby‘ and the ‘double-D‘ symbol are registered trademarks of Dolby® Laboratories.
: Dolby® Digital/Dolby® Digital Plus pass-through
: Stereo, Mono and Dual Mono, 5.11) and 7.1 (Dolby® Digital/Dolby® Digital Plus only)
: ADTS or LATM selectable per encoded channel
: +500ms / -200ms
: +6/-10dB
: 1080i – 29.97 fps or 25 fps
: 720p – 59.94 fps or 50 fps
: 480i – 29.97 fps
: 576i – 25 fps
Clock Modes Aspect Ratio Control
PCR PID
End-to-end Encoder Delay
Logo Insertion
Maximum Size
: 192x128 (SD)
: 360x180 (HD 720P)
: 480x270 (HD 1080i)
Positioning: User selectable (pixel accuracy)
File format: PNG (8-bit ARGB) file per encoded channel
Audio Channel Modes
AAC Data Encapsulation
Audio Lipsync Adjustment
Audio Level Adjustment
Ancillary Data and VBI
Teletext processing: E xtracted from VANC OP47, SMPTE-2031 or VBI and transcoded to EN 301755.
Closed Captioning (EIA 608/EIA 708): Extracted from VANC and injected into video stream.
Digital Programme Insertion (DPI): S CTE104 triggers extracted from VANC and transcoded
to SCTE35 TS triggers.
Active Format Description (AFD): Extracted from VANC SMPTE 2016 and injected into
video stream.
Dolby® E metadata
: External Dolby® E metadata extracted from VANC SMPTE
2020 used for Dolby® Digital/Dolby® Digital Plus encoding configuration.
Wide Screen Signalling (WSS)
: E xtracted from VBI line 23 or VANC SMPTE 2031 and
transcoded to EN 301755
Video Programming System (VPS): Extracted from VANC SMPTE 2031 and transcoded to EN
301755
Video Inserted Time Code (VITC): Extracted from VANC SMPTE-RP188 and injected into
video stream.
Auxillary Data Injection
EBU Subtitling, DVB Subtitling, PIDs can be added to service through an Appear TV Input Interface (e.g. ASI,
IP). PTS can be restamped for DVB subtitling.
Subtitling conversion
: Conversion from EBU Subtitling to DVB Subtitling
Statistical Multiplexing
Statmux Controller
: Local within chassis
1) AAC-LC/HE-AAC v1 5.1 support in future release.
2) Dolby® Digital also known as AC-3
3) Dolby® Digital Plus also known as E-AC-3
Max. Number of Groups per chassis
Max. Number of Services within group Licensed Features : Maximum 16, one per encoder/transcoder module
: 32
: Video Mode HPBC (required)
: Number of Encoder Channels HD
: Number of Encoder Channels SD
: Statistical Multiplexing - Number of Channels
: Dolby® Digital/Dolby® Digital Plus Encode - Number of Stereo Pairs4)
: MPEG-1 Layer 2/AAC-LC/HE-AAC v1/HE-AAC v2 Encode - Number of Stereo Pairs
: Subtitle transcoding from TTX to DVB
Universal Encoder - Dense
Density
EC-400
Number of channels per module
: Up to 4 HD or 4 SD
Video Input
HD Resolutions/Frame rates (SMPTE 292M)
: 1080i – 29.97Hz or 25Hz
: 720p – 59.97Hz or 50Hz
SD Resolutions/Frame rates (SMPTE 259M)
: 480i – 29.97Hz
: 576i – 25Hz
Audio Inputs
Embedded Audio
: SMPTE 272M (SD), SMPTE 299M (HD)
Sample rate 48kHz, synchronous to video
PCM or Dolby® Digital/Dolby® Digital Plus
Video Encoder
Architecture
: Single Pass with look ahead
MPEG-2 profiles
: MP@HL (HD) up to 60Mbps
: MP@ML (SD) up to 16Mbps
MPEG-4 AVC profiles
: MP@L4.2, HP@L4.2 (HD) up to 55Mbps
: MP@L3.0, HP@L3.0 (SD) up to 16Mbps
Rate Control Modes
: Constant Bit Rate (CBR)
: Capped VBR (CVBR) with QP target
: Statistical Multiplexing
GOP structure
: Dynamic with Scene Change Detection
and Adaptive GOP structure.
Clock Modes
: Locked to HDSDI/SDI input or to local clock
Aspect Ratio Control
: Manual, WSS, Video Index or AFD Codes
PCR PID
: PCR on Video PID or as separate PID
End-to-end Encoder Delay
: Video Quality optimized for 4500ms (3000ms reduced delay)
Audio Encoder
Number of encoded stereo pairs per main video : 81)
Audio CODECS
: MPEG-1 Layer 2
: AAC-LC
: HE-AAC v1
: HE-AAC v2
: Dolby® Digital2) 2.0 and 5.1
: Dolby® Digital Plus3) 2.0, 5.1 and 7.1
: Convert Dolby® Digital Plus to Dolby® Digital
Dolby® Digital / Dolby® Digital Plus Pass-thru
Audio Channel Modes
: Multichannel, Stereo, Mono, Dual Mono
AAC Data Encapsulation
: ADTS or LATM selectable per encoded channel
Audio Lipsync Adjustment
: +500ms / -200ms
Audio Level Adjustment
: +6/-10dB
Video Pre-processing
WSS Blanking
Picture-in-Picture
Density
Codec
Bitrate
GOP Size
Resolutions
: Removal of line 23 WSS from active video
: One PiP available for each channel
: MPEG-4 AVC BP or MP
: Min 96kbps, Max 500kbps (CBR)
: Configurable independent of main channel
: 320x240, 192x192, 176x144, 128x96, 96x96
4) One 5.1 encode uses resources of 3x stereo pairs. One 7.1 encode uses resources of 4x stereo pairs.
5) For complete table please contact Appear TV.
Video Re-scaling
Horizontal Rescaling Down Conversion HD to SD
Up Conversion SD to HD
Frame Rate Conversion
Logo Insertion
Maximum Size
Positioning
File format
Ancillary Data and VBI
Teletext processing
Closed Captioning (EIA 608/EIA 708)
Digital Programme Insertion (DPI)
Active Format Desctription (AFD)
Dolby® Metatdata
Wide Screen Signalling (WSS)
Video Programming System (VPS)
Video Inserted Time Code (VITC)
Auxillary Data Injection
Subtitling insertion
Subtitling conversion
Statistical Multiplexing
Statmux Controller
Maximum Number of Groups per chassis
Maximum Number of Services within group
: From 1920 to 1440, 1280 or 960
: From 1280 to 960 or 640
: From 720 to 704, 640, 544, 528
: Including aspect ratio conversion, letter-/pillar boxing
: Including aspect ratio conversion, letter-/pillar boxing
and de-interlacing.
: From 59.94 fps to 59.94/29.97 fps
: From 50 fps to 50/25 fps
: From 29.97 fps to 59.94/29.97
: From 25 fps to 50/25 fps
: Frame rate up conversion only for interlaced input
(1080i/576i/480i) to 720p output.
: 192x128 (SD)
: 360x180 (HD 720P)
: 480x270 (HD 1080i)
: User selectable (pixel accuracy)
: PNG (8-bit ARGB) file per encoded channel
: Extracted from VANC OP47, SMPTE-2031 or VBI and
transcoded to EN 301755.
: Extracted from VANC and injected into video stream.
: SCTE104 triggers extracted from VANC and transcoded to SCTE35 TS triggers.
: Extracted from VANC SMPTE 2016 and injected into
video stream.
: SMPTE 2020 metadata extracted from VANC and injected
into audio stream.
: Extracted from VBI line 23 or VANC SMPTE 2031 and
transcoded to EN 301755
: Extracted from VANC SMPTE 2031 and transcoded to
EN 301755
: Extracted from VANC SMPTE-RP188 and injected into
video stream.
: EBU Subtitling, DVB Subtitling. Teletext subtitling PIDs can be added to service through an Appear TV Input interface (e.g. ASI, IP). PTS can be re-stamped.
: Conversion from EBU Subtitling to DVB Subtitling
: Local on a Universal Encoder or Transcoder module
: Maximum16, one per encoder/transcoder module
: 32
Licensed Features: Number of Encoder Channels HD
: Number of Encoder Channels SD
: Subtitle transcoding from TTX to DVB
: Statistical Multiplexing - Number of Channels
: Dolby® Digital Encode
: Dolby® Digital Plus Encode
Universal Encoder - MS/OTT
EC-400
Input Ports
Input Format : 2xHDSDI/4xSDI, 4 BNC 75 Ω
: SMPTE 292M (HD SDI), SMPTE 259M (SD SDI)
Video Pre-processing
WSS Blanking : Removal of line 23 WSS from active video
Video Encode
MPEG-4 AVC Profiles
: High profile up to HP@L4.0
: Main profile up to MP@L4.0
: Base profile up to BP@L4.0
: 1920 x 1080i @ 29.97, 25 fps
HD and sub HD resolutions5)
: 1920 x 1080p @ 29.97, 25 fps
: 1280 x 720p @ 59.94, 50 fps
: 1280 x 720p @ 29.97, 25 fps
: 960 x 540p @ 29.97, 25 fps
: 852 x 480p @ 29.97, 25 fps
: 640 x 360p @ 29.97, 25 fps
: 480 x 270p @ 29.97, 25 fps
: 416 x 240p @ 29.97 fps
SD and sub SD resolutions : 320 x 180p @ 29.97/14.985, 25/12.5 fps
: 720 x 576i @ 25/12.5 fps
: 720 x 480i @ 29.97/14.985 fps
: 640 x 480p @ 29.97, 25 fps
: 640 x 360p @ 29.97, 25 fps
: 544 x 416p @ 29.97, 25 fps
: 480 x 360p @ 29.97, 25 fps
: 480 x 270p @ 29.97, 25 fps
: 416 x 240p @ 29.97 fps
: 400 x 224p @ 29.97, 25 fps
: 400 x 300p @ 29.97, 25 fps
: 384 x 216p @ 29.97, 25 fps
: 352 x 288p @ 25 fps
: 320 x 240p @ 29.97 /14.985, 25/12.5 fps
: 320 x 180p @ 29.97, 25 fps
: 240 x 180p @ 29.97/14.985, 25/12.5 fps
Frame rate conversion
: From 60/59.94/50 reduced to ½, ¼
: From 50 reduced to ½ or ¼
: From 30/29.97/50 reduced to ½
De-interlacing
Scene change detection
GOP structure
Number of output profiles
Audio Encode
MPEG1 Layer II AAC-LC
HE-AAC v1
HE-AAC v2
Sample rates Number of channels per video source
: Interlaced to progressive conversion
: Yes, insertion of P frame
: Dynamic
: Ranging from 4x HD to 28 sub SD per module, depend-
ing on complexity of profiles
5)
Reformatting/ Rescaling
Format conversion
Aspect Ratio Control
Aspect Ratio Modes
Ancillary Data and VBI
Closed Captioning (EIA 608/EIA 708)
Active Format Desctription (AFD)
Encoder– CVBS input Number of channels
AC-100
Input Port
Video Input : Modes: 2.0 (stereo), Bit rates: 64 – 384kbps
: Modes: 2.0, Bit rates: 32 – 384kbps
: Modes: 2.0, Bit rates: 32 - 192kbps
: Modes: 2.0, Bit rates: 32 - 96kbps
: 32, 48kHz
: 2 (Audio resources can be combined.)
Video Pre-processing Inverse Telecine Detection
: Yes
De-blocking Filter
: Adjustable
Motion Compensated Temporal Filter (MCTF) : Adjustable
Horizontal Rescaling
: From 720 to 704, 640, 544, 528, 480 or 352
WSS Blanking
: Removal of line 23 WSS from active video
Logo Insertion
File Format Position
Maximum Size
Ancillary Data and VBI
VBI Extraction and processing
Video Encoder
Number of channels per module
MPEG-2 profiles MPEG-4 AVC profiles Rate Control Modes Rate Range
GOP control Picture-In-Picture
Aspect Ratio Control
Audio Encoder
Audio CODECS AAC Data Encapsulation
Channel Modes
Encoded stereo pairs per video : PNG (8-bit RGBA) file per encoded channel
: User defined (pixel resolution)
: 192 × 128 (SD)
: Closed Captioning (EIA 708)
: Teletext, WSS, VPS
: 4 SD or 2 SD w/PiP (2SD mode gives improved VQ)
: up to HP@ML
: up to HP@L3.0
: Constant Bit Rate (CBR)
: Capped VBR (CVBR) with QP target
: 4SD: From 250kbps to 10Mbps
: 2SD: From 250kbps to 19Mbps
: Fixed or Dynamic with Scene Change Detection and adaptive GOP structure
: 416×240, 352×288, 352×240, 192×192, 128×128, 128×96 or 96×96
: Manual or WSS
Audio level adjustment
Injection of Private Data into service : MPEG-1 Layer 2
: AAC-LC
: HE-AAC v1
: HE-AAC v2
: Dolby® Digital pass-through (from AES input)
: ADTS or LATM selectable per encoded channel
: Stereo/Dual Mono/Mono
: 2 pairs for 2SD+PIP configuration and 1 pair for 4 × SD
configuration
: +/-11dB
: See Universal Encoder High VQ “Auxillary Data Injection”
Licensed Features
: Number of encoded channels, PIP
Encoder - RF Input AC-200
Number of channels per module : 4 SD or 2 SD+PIP (2SD mode gives improved VQ)
: From HD to sub SD
: Transparent Input to Output (Controlled by AFD), Manual 4:3 or 16:9
: Extracted from VANC and injected into video stream.
: Extracted from VANC SMPTE 2016 and injected into video stream.
: 4 SD or 2 SD+PIP
: 4 HD BNC 75 Ω, one per channel
25 Pin Compact D-sub for audio:
- 4 balanced analogue audio inputs
- 2 AES/EBU inputs
: PAL B/G/I/D/K
: SECAM D/K
: PAL Nc
: PAL M
: NTSC M
1) One 5.1 encode uses resources of 3x stereo pairs. One 7.1 encode uses resources of 4x stereo pairs.
2) Dolby® Digital also known as AC-3
3) Dolby® Digital Plus also known as E-AC-3
RF Input
TV systems
RF inputs
Input frequency
Frequency tuner step size
RF input level
– Max
– Min (for un-weighted video SNR=30dB)
Video Encoder
Please refer to “Encoder -CVBS input”
Picture-in-Picture
Please refer to “Encoder -CVBS input”
Video Pre-processing
Please refer to “Encoder -CVBS input”
6) Other TV standards can be supported upon request
: PAL B/G, PAL I and SECAM D/K6)
: 4xF female, 75 Ω
: 47 – 862 MHz
: 1kHz
: 110 dBuV
: 44 dBuV
Logo Insertion
Please refer to “Encoder -CVBS input”
Audio Encoder
Audio CODECS
AC Data Encapsulation
Channel Modes
Encoded stereo pairs per video
Audio Level Adjustment
VBI
Please refer to “Encoder -CVBS input”
Licensed Features
: MPEG-1 Layer 2 Stereo
: AAC-LC Stereo
: HE-AAC v1 Stereo
: HE-AAC v2 Stereo
: ADTS or LATM selectable per encoded channel
: Stereo/Mono/Dual Mono
:1
: ± 11 dB
Auxillary Data Injection
Injection of Private Data into service : See Universal Encoder High VQ “Auxillary Data Injection”
Universal Transcoder - High VQ Broadcast
TC-400
Densitiy
Total Number of Video Transcodes Video Decoder
MPEG-2 profiles H.264 profiles SD 50Hz resolutions SD 60Hz resolutions HD 1080i resolutions HD 720p resolutions Audio Decoder
Audio CODECS Audio Downmix : Number of Encoded channels, PIP
: Up to 1x HD or 2x SD channels
: MP@HL, 1Mbps – 80Mbps
: MP@ML, 600kbps – 15Mbps
: MP@L4.2, 500kbps – 55Mbps
: HP@L4.2, 1Mbps – 55Mbps
: MP@L3.2, 300kbps – 16Mbps
: HP@L3.2, 300kbps – 16Mbps
: High 4:2:2@L4.2, 4.5Mbps - 80Mbps CABAC/100Mbps
: 720/704/640/544/528/480/352 x 576i25
: 720/704/640/544/528/480/352 x 480i30/29.97
: 1920/1440/1280/960 x 1080i30/29.97/25
: 1280/960/640 x 720p60/59.94/50
: MPEG-1 Layer 2 :AAC-LC
: HE-AAC v1
: HE-AAC v2
: Dolby® Digital / Dolby® Digital Plus
: Dolby® E
: 5.1 to 2.0 for AAC and Dolby®
Video Encoder
MPEG-2 profiles H.264 profiles Rate Control Modes GOP structure Aspect Ratio Control PCR PID End-to-end Encoder Delay : MP@HL, 1Mbps – 80Mbps
: MP@ML, 600kbps – 15Mbps
: MP@L4.2, 500kbps – 55Mbps
: HP@L4.2, 1Mbps – 55Mbps
: MP@L3.2, 300kbps – 16Mbps
: HP@L3.2, 300kbps – 16Mbps
: Constant Bit Rate (CBR)
: Statistical Multiplexing
: Dynamic with Scene Change Detection and Adaptive GOP structure.
: Manual, Transparent input to output
: PCR on Video PID or as separate PID
: Typically 5500ms (4500ms reduced delay mode)
Audio Encoder
Audio CODECS : MPEG-1 Layer 2
: AAC-LC
: HE-AAC v1
: HE-AAC v2
: Dolby® Digital
: Dolby® Digital Plus
Dolby® Digital Plus Professional Decoder. ‘Dolby‘ and the ‘double-D‘ symbol are registered trademarks of Dolby® Laboratories.
Audio Channel Modes AAC Data Encapsulation Audio Lipsync Adjustment
Audio Level Adjustment Audio Transcode Density
Picture-in-Picture
Codec Bitrate Resolutions GOP Size
Video Re-scaling
Down Conversion HD to SD Up Conversion SD to HD Frame Rate Conversion
Logo Insertion
Maximum Size Positioning File format Subtitling
Subtitling conversion
DVB/EBU Subtitling burn in
Auxillary Data
Pass Through Generation : Pass though of all audio types
: Stereo, Mono, 5.1 and 7.1
: ADTS or LATM selectable per encoded channel
: +500ms /-200ms
: +6/-10dB
: Maximum 6 stereo transcodes per video, limited to 8 transcode 5.1 per module. One 5.1 transcode consumes resources equivalent to three stereo (2.0) transcodes.
: MPEG-4 AVC MP
: Min 96kbps, Max 400kbps (CBR)
: 192x192, 176x144, 128x96, 96x96
: Configurable independent of main channel
: Including aspect ratio conversion, letter-/pillar boxing
: Including aspect ratio conversion, letter-/pillar-boxing and de-interlacing.
: From 60 fps to 60/30 fps
: From 59.94 fps to 59.94/29.97 fps
: From 50 fps to 50/25 fps
: From 30 fps to 60/30 fps
: From 29.97 fps to 59.94/29.97
: From 25 fps to 50/25 fps
: Frame rate up conversion only for interlaced input (1080i/576i/480i) to 720p output.
: 192x128 (SD)
: 360x180 (HD 720P)
: 480x270 (HD 1080i)
: User selectable (pixel accuracy)
: PNG (8-bit ARGB) file per encoded channel
: Conversion from EBU Subtitling to DVB Subtitling
: Yes, burned into Transcoded Video
: All auxillary data components (EBU Subtitling, DVB Sub
titling, Teletext etc.). Lipsync to video is maintained.
: EBU Subtitling, DVB Subtitling, Teletext subtitling PIDs from a generator can be added in the mux output
Video Processing
WSS Blanking : Line 23
Statistical Multiplexing
Statmux Controller Maximum # Groups Maximum # Services within group : Local within chassis. (Management module.)
: Max 16, one group per encoder/transcoder module.
: 32
Licensed Features
: Number of HD encoders
: Number of SD encoders
: Logo Insertion
: Statistical Multiplexing - Number of Channels
: MPEG/AAC Audio Transcode – Number of audio channels
: Dolby® Decode – Number of channels
: Dolby® E Decode - Number of channels
: Dolby® Encode– Number of channels
: 4:2:2 10bit decoding Density
: Subtitle transcoding from TTX to DVB
Universal Transcoder - Dense Broadcast Mode
TC-200, TC-400
Density
Total Number of Video Transcodes : Up to 4x HD or 16x SD channels per module
Video transcoder consists of four blocks each capable of
: 1x HD transcode with PiP OR
: 4x SD transcode without PiP OR
Dolby® Digital Plus Professional Decoder. ‘Dolby‘ and the ‘double-D‘ symbol are registered trademarks of Dolby® Laboratories.
Each block can be configured independently.
Video Decoder
MPEG-2 profiles
MPEG-4 AVC profiles
SD resolutions
HD 1080i resolutions
HD 720p resolutions
Audio Decoder Audio Codecs
Audio Downmix
Video Encoder
MPEG-2 profiles
MPEG-4 AVC profiles
Rate Control Modes GOP structure
Aspect Ratio Control
PCR PID
End-to-end Encoder Delay
Audio Encoder Audio CODECS Audio Channel Modes AAC Data Encapsulation Audio Lipsync Adjustment
Audio Level Adjustment Audio Transcode Density
Number of audio per channel
: 3x SD transcode with PiP OR
: 1x HD/SD transcode with PiP and up/downconv.
: MP@HL (HD)
: MP@ML (SD)
: MP@L4.2, HP@L4.2 (HD)
: MP@L3.0, HP@L3.1 (SD)
: 720/704/640/544/528/480/352 x 576i25
: 720/704/640/544/528/480/352 x 480i29.97 fps
: 1920/1440/1280/960 x 1080i30/29.97/25 fps
: 1280/960/640 x 720p60/59.94/50 fps
: MPEG1 Layer 2 (2.0)
: AAC-LC (2.0)
: HE-AACv1 (2.0)
: HE-AACv2 (2.0)
: Dolby® Digital (2.0/5.1)/Dolby® Digital Plus (2.0/5.1/7.1)
:M
ultichannel audio (5.1 or 7.1) will be downmixed to 2.0
as part of transcode process.
: MP@HL (HD)
: MP@ML (SD)
: MP@L4.1, HP@L4.1 (HD)
: MP@L3.1, HP@L3.1 (SD)
: Constant Bit Rate (CBR)
: Capped VBR (CVBR) with QP target
: Statistical Multiplexing (in future release)
: Dynamic with Scene Change Detection and Adaptive GOP structure
: Manual, Transparent input to output
: PCR on Video PID or as separate PID
: Typically 5000ms (3500ms reduced delay mode)
: MPEG-1 Layer 2
: AAC-LC
: HE-AAC v1
: HE-AAC v2
: Dolby® Digital (TC-400)
: Dolby® Digital Plus (TC-400)
: Pass though of all audio types
: Stereo, Mono
: 5.1 and 7.1 (TC-400)
: ADTS or LATM selectable per encoded channel
: +500ms /-200ms
: +6/-10dB
: TC-400 - Max 6 stereo transcodes per video, limited to 24 stereo transcodes per module.
: TC-200 - Maximum 4 stereo transcodes per video,
limited to 6 stereo transcodes per pair of video
transcoder blocks.
: One 5.1 transcode consumes resources equivalent to three stereo (2.0) transcodes
: Max 6
Picture-in-Picture
Codec
: MPEG-4 AVC MP
Bitrate
: Min 96kbps, Max 400kbps (CBR)
Resolutions
: 320x240,192x192, 176x144, 128x96, 96x96
Video Re-scaling
Down Conversion HD to SD
: Including aspect ratio conversion, letter-/pillar boxing
Up Conversion SD to HD
: Including aspect ratio conversion, letter-/pillar-boxing
and de-interlacing.
Frame Rate Conversion
: From 60 fps to 60/30 fps
: From 59.94 fps to 59.94/29.97 fps
: From 50 fps to 50/25 fps
: From 30 fps to 60/30 fps
: From 29.97 fps to 59.94/29.97 fps
: From 25 fps to 50/25 fps
: Frame rate up conversion only for interlaced input
(1080i/576i/480i) to 720p output
Logo Insertion
Maximum Size
: 192x128 (SD)
: 360x180 (HD 720P)
: 480x270 (HD 1080i)
Positioning
: User selectable (pixel accuracy)
File format
: PNG (8-bit ARGB) file per encoded channel
Subtitling
Subtitling conversion
: Conversion from EBU Subtitling to DVB Subtitling
DVB/EBU Subtitling burn in : Burned into Transcoded Video. Restricted to 4 channels per module
Auxillary Data
Auxillary data components (EBU Subtitling, DVB Subtitling, Teletext etc.) are passed through
Lipsync to video is maintained.
Video Processing
WSS (line 23) blanking
: Yes
Statistical Multiplexing (Not supported in initial release)
Statmux Controller
: Local within chassis.
Maximum # Groups
: Maximum 16, one per encoder/transcoder module.
Maximum # Services within group : 32
Licensed Features
: Video Transcode capacity in steps of blocks capable of 1xHD/4xSD
: Statistical Multiplexing - Number of Channels
: Dolby® Digital/Dolby® Digital Plus Decode
: High Density Mode (dense-sd for 4xSD per block)
: MPEG2/H264
: Subtitle transcoding from TTX to DVB
Mediaroom:
: Approved
Universal Transcoder - MS/OTT
TC-400
Number of input channels
: Up to 4 HD channels7)
Video Decoder
MPEG-2 profiles
: Ranging from MP@ML (SD) to MP@HL (HD)
MPEG-4 AVC profiles : up to HP@L4.2
: up to MP@L4.2 : up to BP@L4.1
Audio Decoder
Input format
: MPEG-1 Layer 2. Modes: 1.0 (mono), 2.0 (stereo)
: AAC-LC. Modes: 2.0, 5.1 (downmixed to 2.0)
: HE-AAC v1/2. Modes: 2.0, 5.1 (downmixed to 2.0)
: Dolby® Digital (AC-3) : Modes: 2.0, 5.1 (downmixed to 2.0)
Pass-through
: Dolby® Digital Plus (E-AC-3): Modes: 2.0, 5.1, 7.1 (downmixed to 2.0)
: MPEG1 Layer II
: AAC-LC
: HE-AACv1/2
: Dolby® Digital (AC-3)
: Dolby® Digital Plus (E-AC-3)
Video Encode
MPEG-4 AVC Profiles
Resolutions @ 59.94 fps or 50.00 fps8)
Resolutions @ 29.97 fps or 25.00 fps8)
: up to HP@4.0
: up to MP@4.0
: up to BP@4.0
: 720p › 1280, 960, 854
: 1080p › 1920, 1440, 1280, 960, 720, 640
:720p › 1280, 960, 854
:640p › 960
:576p › 1024, 768, 720, 3529)
7) Full HD (1080p) input restricts input density to 2 channels.
8) For complete table please contact Appear TV.
Resolutions @ 14.99 fps or 12.50 fps8)
:540p › 960
:480p › 854, 720, 640, 352
:432p › 768
:360p › 640, 480
:320p › 480
:288p › 512
:270p › 480, 360
:256p › 144
:240p › 320
:216p › 384
: 180p › 320, 240
:640p › 960
: 576p › 1024, 768, 720, 352
:480p › 854, 720, 640, 352
:432p › 768
:360p › 640, 480
:320p › 480
:288p › 512
:270p › 480, 360
:256p › 144
:240p › 320
:216p › 384
:180p › 320, 240
Frame rate conversion
Number of profiles
: From 60/59.94/50 reduced to ½, ¼
: From 50 reduced to ½ or ¼
: From 30/29.97/50 reduced to ½
: Ranging from 4 × HD to 28 × sub SD per module,
depending on complexity of profiles
: Frame accurate key frame alignment across all profiles. Fixed IDR to IDR distance.
: Dynamic GOP structure with Scene Change Detec-
tion.
Key Frame Alignment
GOP control Audio Encode
Capacity
Output format
Sample rates
Reformatting/Rescaling
De-interlacing
Format conversion
Aspect Ratio Control
Aspect Ratio Modes
AFD Modes
VBI
Pass-through
Closed Captioning
: Up to 8 per module
: AAC-LC. Modes: 2.0, Bit rates: 32–384kbps
: HE-AAC v1. Modes: 2.0, Bit rates: 32–192kbps
: HE-AAC v2. Modes: 2.0, Bit rates: 32–96kbps
: 32, 48kHz
: Interlaced to progressive conversion
: From HD to sub SD
: Transparent Input to Output, Manual 4:3 or 16:9
: Generated based on incoming AFD and format conversion.
: Components such as EBU Teletext and DVB Subtitling
can be passed through. Synchronization to video will
be maintained.
: EIA-608n and EIA-708 passed through.
Graphics
Subtitling Insertion (burn-in)
: DVB Subtitling
Licensed Features
: Dolby® Digital/Dolby® Digital Plus Decode
PROCESSING MODULES SPECIFICATIONS
Audio leveling
AL-100
Number of audio tracks
Pass-Through
Audio format
Adjustable range
Step
Adjustment mode
: Integrated with 3rd party SW solutions for automatic
adjustment
Licensed Features
Bulk Descrambling
Interface BD-100
CA system support BISS support Maximum data rate Number of services per module Scrambling algorithms Licensed Features
: Number of audio channels
: SW based smart card
: Please contact Appear TV*
: Mode 1, Mode E
: Up to 850 MBit/s
: 250
: DVB-CSA and AES : Number of descrambled channels
: Biss, Verimatrix, Latens
SIM Bulk Descrambling
Interface
BD-200
Number of SIM card readers
CA system support
BISS support
Maximum data rate
Number of services per module
Scrambling algorithms
: SIM based smart card
: 8 in front and 8 behind front plate
(Only 8 in front can be replaced while in operation)
: Conax
: Mode 1, Mode E
: Up to 850 MBit/s
: 250
: DVB-CSA and AES
Licensed Features
DVB Descrambling
Interface
DS-101
CA system support*
Number of services per CAM
: Number of descrambled channels
: Conax
: DVB Common Interface
: BetaCrypt, Conax, Cryptoworks, Irdeto, Mediaguard,
Viaccess, NDS Viasat, Nagra
: 10 (requires multi service CAM)
Scrambling
Scrambling algorithm
CA-100
Maximum data rate
Number of services per scrambler card
Video format
Interface towards CA System
Number of CA systems
EMM
Entropy reduction
Licensed Features
: DVB-CSA and AES
: Up to 850 MBit/s
: 250 (depending on SW license)
: Transport stream; MPEG-2, MPEG-4, HEVC
: Simulcrypt interface
: 4 CA systems simultaneously
: Yes
: Yes for DVB
No for AES
: Number of descrambled channels
: PVR assist
EPG
EP-200
: EIT table from any port, XMLTV
: Re-generated EIT table
Ingest Output
Audio Processor
Density
AP-100
Number of stereo channels
Audio Encoder Inputs
Number of SDI/HSDI inputs
8) For complete table please contact Appear TV.
9) 352 only available for 25 fps
: 250 stereo
: All components signaled in service
: MPEG-1 layer 2
: ±30 dB
: 2 dB
: Static
: 32
: 5.1 uses 3x stereo pairs and 7.1 uses 4x stereo pairs
: Maximum of 20 MP3 audio encoded stereo channels
:4
* Appear TV aims to integrate with all major CA providers. Please contact Appear TV for an updated list over integrated CA systems.
Number of stereo audio per SDI Input
Embedded Audio
Number of AES67 inputs
Audio Transcoder Inputs
Number of MPEG TS inputs
:8
: SMPTE 272M (SD), SMPTE 299M (HD)
: Sample rate 48kHz, synchronous
: 1 - 32
: 1 - 32
Audio Decoding (Transcoding Mode)
Audio Codecs
: MPEG-1 Layer 2 (2.0)
: AAC-LC (2.0, 5.1)
: HE-AACv1 (2.0, 5.1)
: HE-AACv2 (2.0)
: Dolby® Digital (2.0, 5.1)
: Dolby® Digital Plus (2.0, 5.1, 7.1)
Audio Downmix
: Multichannel audio (5.1 or 7.1) will be downmixed to 2.0 as part of transcode process if output is set to 2.0.
Audio Encoding (All Modes)
Audio Codecs Bitrate minimum/maximum (at 48 kHz)
Mono (kbps)
Stereo (kbps) 5.1
7.1
MPEG-1 Layer 2
32 / 192
64 / 384
N/A N/A
MPEG-1 Layer 3 (MP3) 32 / 320
32 / 320
N/A
N/A
AAC-LC
32 / 192
64 / 384
192/640 N/A
HE-AAC v1
32 / 96
48 / 192
112/512 N/A
HE-AAC v2
N/A 32 / 96
N/A
N/A
Dolby® Digital
56/640
96/640
224/640 N/A
Dolby® Digital Plus
32/1024
96/1024
192/1024 384/1024
Audio Channel Modes
Sample Rates
Audio Level Adjustments
Audio Lipsync Adjustment
PCR
Audio Encoder TS processing
PSI/SI
Licensed Features
: Stereo and Mono
: 5.1 and 7.1
: 48 kHz input
: 48 kHz output, 16 kHz output (MP3 only)
: +6 / -10 dB
: +500ms /-200ms(
: Common PCR (On separate PID)
: Embedded in audio PID
: PMT generation signaled as radio service
: SDT Generation
: Number of MPEG-1 Layer 2 and AAC stereo encoders
: Number of MPEG-1 Layer 3 (MP3) stereo encoders
: Number of Dolby® Digital Plus Professional Decoder stereo pairs
: Number of Dolby® Digital Plus Professional Encoder stereo pairs
: AES67 Input
COMMON OUTPUT SPECIFICATIONS
All Output Modules
Key reference specification
: ETSI TR 101 211 V1.9.1, ISO IEC 13818-1
Multiplexing
Video format
: Transport stream, MPEG-2 SD/HD, MPEG-4 SD/HD,
and HEVC
PCR regeneration
: Yes
PSI/SI
Function
Pass-through of scrambled services
PSI/SI handling
: PSI/SI regeneration based on input and
operations performed on the signal
: Yes, on TS level. For SPTS output only
: Automatically regenerated
Tables Supported:
PSI
SI
PSIP
Function
Tables Supported:
PSI
PSIP
: PAT, PMT, CAT
: SDT, NIT, EITpf ,TOT, TDT, BAT, AIT
: PSIP input analysis
: PAT, PMT, CAT
: MGT, TVCT,CVCT
OUTPUT MODULE SPECIFICATIONS
Dual IP IO
IP Input/Output
IP-200
Interface
Operational mode
Maximum data rate per port
Maximum number of services per port
Data format
Transport stream
Service filtering
Video format
IP Input
IP de-jittering
Forward Error Correction
IP Output
Forward Error Correction Licensed Features
: 2×10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet and SFP
: The module can be configured to;
- 1 input and 1 output
- Seamless (Hitless) IP in
- Cloned IP out
- Dual IP in
- Dual IP out
: Up to 850 Mbit/s per port in Seamless (Hitless) in, cloned
out or 1×IPIN+1×IPOUT
: Up to 850 Mbit/s sum of both ports in Dual IP in or Dual IP
out mode
: 250
: UDP/RTP Multicast/Unicast
: SPTS and MPTS
: Yes
: Transport stream, MPEG-2/4 (H264) and HEVC
: Yes, based on PCR or CBR
: SMPTE 2022-1
250 input streams per data port
: SMPTE 2022-1
250 output streams per data port
: Seamless IP In, Cloned IP Out
: Multiplexing
: FEC in, FEC out, FEC in/out
: IP Out Redundancy
ASI Output
Key reference specification
AO-110
Connectors
Number of outputs per module
Maximum bit-rate per port
Transport stream output
Number of services per card
Output format
: EN50083-9
: 4 BNC female, 75Ω
: 4 different Transport Streams
: burst mode: 213.7Mbit/s
spread mode: 72Mbit/s
: SPTS and MPTS
: 250 (sum of all 4 ports)
: Constant bit-rate
QAM Output
Key reference specifications
CM-201, CM-301
Interface CM-210, CM-310
Number of carriers
Number of QAM frequencies per module
Modulation
Symbol rate
Frequency range
Spectrum inversion
Test mode
Channel spacing
Frequency step size
Frequency stability
Output level
Output level stability
Output level adjustment step size (GUI)
MER
: EN 300 429, ITU J.83.ABC
: 2 × F connector female, 75 Ω
: 3 and 4 per group (adjacent channels)
: up to 16 carriers in 4 groups, 8 per port
: 16 / 32 / 64 / 128 / 256 –QAM
: 4.48 to 7.00 Mbaud (Annex A and C)
: 47 – 862 MHz (CM-201, CM-301)
: 47 – 1000 MHz (CM-210, CM-310)
: user selectable
: CW
: 5, 6, 7, 8 MHz (12 MHz available for 3 carrier groups)
: 1 Hz
: 2 ppm
: -12 to +2.2dBm per carrier
: ± 0.5 dB
: 0.1 dB
: > 42 dB
Return loss
Spurious
: typ > 16 dB
: typ < -60 dBc
DVB-S/S2X Modulator
SM-300
Key reference specification Number of DVB-S/S2X carriers per module Spectrum inversion
Precorrection Carrier ID
DC output Maximum DC output current 10MHz reference output
: EN 300 421, EN 302 307 part 1 and 2
:2
: User selectable
: Static linear pre-correction
: DVB,NIT
: 24 Volt
: 500 mA
: 0 dBm ± 2dB
DVB-S Coding and Modualtion
Constellation Modulation mode FEC outer FEC inner Code rates Symbol rate
Roll off DVB-S
: QPSK
: Constant
: Reed-Solomon
: Viterbi
: 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8
: 0.1–68 MSym/s
: 0.35
DVB-S2X Coding and Modualtion
Constellation Modulation mode FEC Code rates DVB-S2X QPSK
Code rates DVB-S2X 8PSK
Code rates DVB-S2X 8APSK
Code rates DVB-S2X 16APSK
Code rates DVB-S2X 32APSK
Code rates DVB-S2X 64APSK
Code rates DVB-S2X 128APSK
Code rates DVB-S2X 256APSK
Frame length Gold scrambling sequence
Symbol rate Roll off Gold scrambling sequence
: QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK, 32APSK
: CCM
: BCH/LDPC
: 1/4, 1/3, 2/5, 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6, 8/9, 9/10
: 3/5, 23/36, 2/3, 25/36, 13/18, 3/4, 5/6, 8/9, 9/10
: 5/9, 26/45
: 5/9, 8/15, 1/2, 26/45, 3/5, 28/45, 23/36, 2/3, 25/36, 13/18, 3/4, 7/9, 4/5, 5/6, 77/90, 8/9, 9/10
: 2/3, 32/45, 11/15, 3/4, 7/9, 4/5, 5/6, 8/9, 9/10
: 5/6, 4/5, 7/9, 11/15, 32/45-L
: 3/4, 7/9
: 3/4, 2/3-L, 11/15-L, 29/45-L, 31/45-L, 32/45
: Normal, Short
: 0-6
: 0.1–68 MSym/s
: 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, 0.25, and 0.35
: 0—6
IF
Frequency range Main output connector Monitoring output connector Output level Output level stability Output level accuracy Frequency stability Return loss Spurious modulated signal
Spurious carrier wave
In-band flatness Monitoring ports level
Monitoring ports return loss
: 70-200 MHz
: F-type female, 75 Ω
: SMA female, 50 Ω
: -15 to 0 dBm
: ± 0.5 dB
: ± 0.5 dB
: 2 ppm
: >18 dB
: < -65 dBc/4kHz (@ symbol rate ≥ 256 kbaud)
: < -60 dBc/4kHz (typical)
: typ < ± 0.1 dB
: -40 dBm
: >20dB
L-band
Frequency range Main output connector Monitoring output connector Output level Output level stability : 950-2150 MHz
: SMA female, 50 Ω
: F-type female, 75 Ω
: -40 to 7 dBm
: ± 0.5 dB
Frequency accuracy Return loss Spurious modulated signal
Spurious carrier wave
In-band flatness Monitoring ports level
Monitoring ports return loss
: 2 ppm
: >14 dB
: < -65 dBc/4kHz (@ symbol rate ≥ 256 kbaud)
: < -60 dBc/4kHz
: typ < ± 0.2 dB
: -40 dBm
: >10dB
Licensed Features : Number of carriers
: DVB-S2 modulation
: VB-S2X modulation Broadcast
: DVB-S2X modulation professional
: 10MHz and 24V DC output
DVB-T Cable Modulator
TM-101
Key reference specification
Number of carriers
Number of output ports
Output connector
Impedance
Output frequency
Frequency setting step size
Output level
Output level stability
Frequency accuracy
Return loss
MER
Test mode
: ETSI EN 300744
: 4 independent carriers
: 2 (2 carriers per port)
: F-type
: 75 Ω
: 47–862 MHz
: 1 Hz
: -12 to 2.2 dBm
: ± 0.5 dB
: 2 ppm
: >16 dB
: > 42 dB
: CW
DVB-T Coding and Modulation
FFT size
Guard intervals
Code rates
Constellation
Channel bandwidth
: 2k, 8k
: 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32
: 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8
: QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM
: 5, 6, 7, 8 MHz
DVB-T2 Cable Modulator
TM-200
Key reference specification
Number of carriers
Number of output ports
Output connector
Impedance
Output frequency
Frequency setting step size
Output level
Output level stability
Frequency accuracy
Return loss
MER
Test mode
: ETSI EN 302755
: 2 independent carriers
: 2 (1 carrier per port)
: F-type
: 75 Ω
: 47-862 MHz
: 1 Hz
: -10 to 2.2 dBm
: ± 0.5 dB
: 2 ppm
: >16 dB
: > 42 dB
: CW
DVB-T2 Coding and Modulation
FFT size
: 1k, 2k, 4k, 8k, 8k extended, 16k,
16k extended, 32k, 32k extended
Guard intervals
: 1/4, 19/128, 1/8, 19/256, 1/16, 1/32, 1/128
FEC frame
: Normal (64k), Short (16k)
FEC code rate
: 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6
Constellation (PLP)
: QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM, 256-QAM
Channel bandwidth
: 1.7, 5, 6, 7, 8, or 10 MHz
Pilot pattern
: P1–P8
Number of PLPs
:1
DVB-T/T2 Modulator (Exciter)
TM-300
Key reference specification
Number of carriers
Number of output ports
: ETSI EN 302755 , ETSI EN 300744
: 2 independent carriers
: 2 (1 carrier per port)
Output connector
Impedance
Output frequency
Frequency setting step size
Output level
Output level stability
Frequency accuracy
Return loss
MER
Test mode
: BNC
: 50 Ω
: 47-862 MHz
: 1 Hz
: -15 to 0 dBm
: ± 0.5 dB
: 2 ppm
: >16 dB
: > 42 dB
: CW
DVB-T Coding and Modulation
Input
FFT size
Guard intervals
Code rates
Constellation
Channel bandwidth
DVB-T2 Coding and Modulation
Input
SFN T2 versions
FFT size
Guard intervals
FEC frame
FEC code rate
Constellation (PLP)
Channel bandwidth
Pilot pattern
Number of PLPs
: T2MI (SFN) or remultiplexed TS
: Relative timestamps within 1000 ms
: 1.1.1, 1.2.1 and 1.3.1 (T2MI source only)
: 1k, 2k, 4k, 8k, 8k extended, 16k, 16k extended, 32k,
32k extended
: 1/4, 19/128, 1/8, 19/256, 1/16, 1/32, 1/128
: Normal (64k), Short (16k)
: 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6, 1/3 (T2-Lite), 2/5 (T2-Lite)
: QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM, 256-QAM
: 1.7, 5, 6, 7, 8, or 10 MHz
: P1–P8
: up to 128
ISDBT - Modulator
CM-500
Key reference specification
Interface
Number of ISDBT carriers per module
Carrier spacing
Frequency range
Spectrum inversion
Test mode
Frequency step size
Frequency stability
Output level
Output level stability
Output level adjustment step size (GUI)
MER
Return loss
Spurious
: ARIB STD-B31, ARIB STD-B10
: 2 × F connector female, 75 Ω
: 8, 2 per group (adjacent channels)
: 6-31 MHz
: 47–862 MHz
: User selectable
: CW
: 1 Hz
: 2 ppm
: -10 to +2.2dBm per carrier
: ± 0.5 dB
: 0.1 dB
: > 42 dB
: >16 dB
: typ < -60 dBc
ISDB-T Coding and Modulation*
Modulation
Transmission mode
Time interleaving
Hierarchical transmission
Guard interval
Code rate
Bandwidth
: QPSK, 16QAM, 64 QAM
: Mode 3 (8K FFT)
:0
: no
: 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32
: 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8
: 6, 7, 8 MHz
Multiplexing
Video format
PCR regeneration
PSI/SI
: TS with MIP (SFN) or remultiplexed TS
: 2k, 8k
: 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32
: 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8
: QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM
: 5, 6, 7, 8 MHz
: Transport stream, MPEG-2 SD/HD,
MPEG-4 SD/HD, and HEVC
: Yes
Function
PSI/SI handling
Tables Supported
PSI
SI
Pass-through of scrambled services
PSIP
Function
Tables Supported:
PSI
PSIP
Licensed Features
: PSI/SI regeneration based on input and
operations performed on the signal.
ARIB and ABNT compliant PSI/SI generation
: Automatically regenerated
DVB-T/T2 Gateway ASI10)
Connectors
AO-110, AO-120
Number of MPTS’s with MIP
Number of T2MI streams
Maximum ASI bit-rate per port
Re-multiplexing
: 4 x BNC 75Ω
:4
:2
: Spread Mode: 72Mbit/s
Burst Mode: 213Mbit/s
: See common output module specifications
: ETSI EN 300 744, ETSI TS 101 191
: <1s
DVB-T MIP inserter
Key specification
Relative timestamps
: PAT, PMT, CAT
: SDT, NIT, EITpf ,TOT, TDT, BAT, AIT
: Yes, on TS level. For SPTS output only
: PSIP input analysis
: PAT, PMT, CAT
: MGT, TVCT,CVCT
Number of carriers
DVB-T2 T2MI
Key reference specifications T2 version
T2MI signaling
Clock modes
PAPR
MISO/SISO
Guard intervals
FFT sizes
Pilot Patterns
L1 Constellations
Bandwidth
: EN50083-9, ETSI EN 302 755, ETSI TS 102 773
: 1.1.1, 1.2.1 and 1.3.1
: T2MI is signaled in PSI/SI as a data service
: Relative Timestamps <1s (SFN) and Null timestamps
(MFN)
: TR and ACE (global on/off )
: Yes
: 1/4, 19/128, 1/8, 19/256, 1/16, 1/32, 1/128
: 1k, 2k, 4k, 8k, 8k extended, 16k,
16k extended, 32k, 32k extended
: P1 – P8
: QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM, BPSK
: 1.7, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10MHz
: 240 in total between all T2MI streams
: HEM, constant bit-rate
: 1 and 2
: Within a T2 frame and across multiple T2 frames
: FEC blocks, TI blocks, TI frames and TI type
: Normal (64k), Short (16k)
: 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6
: QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM, 256-QAM
: Yes
: Yes
DVB-T2 PLP support
Number of PLPs
PLP mode
PLP types
TI types
Automatic calculation
FEC frame
FEC code rate
Constellations
Rotated constellations
ISSY supported
Licensed Features
:DVB-T/T2
:MIP, T2MI
:1 or 2 outputs
:Multi PLP, Regional PLP
DVB-T2 Gateway IP
Connectors
IP-201
Number of MPTS’s with MIP
Number of T2MI streams
: 2 × 10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet output or 2× Optical
SFP (class 1 laser product)
:4
:4
10) DVB-T and DVB-T2 gateway run on different HW versions for ASI out.
Maximum data rate
Output mode
Data format
Support for cloned output
Forward Error Correction
Re-multiplexing
: Up to 850 MBit/s
: CBR
: UDP/RTP Multicast/Unicast
: Yes
: SMPTE 2022-1 (Licensed)
: See common output module specifications
DVB-T MIP inserter
Key specification
Relative timestamps
: ETSI EN 300 744, ETSI TS 101 191
: <1s
DVB-T2 T2MI
Key reference specifications T2 version
System redundancy
Regionalization
T2MI signaling
Clock modes
PAPR
MISO/SISO
Guard intervals
FFT sizes
Pilot Patterns
L1 Constellations
Bandwidth
: EN50083-9, ETSI EN 302 755, ETSI TS 102 773
: 1.1.1, 1.2.1 and 1.3.1
: 1+1 protection on unit with T2MI frame (licensed)
Output redundancy based on OSPF (licensed)
Network level redundancy (licensed)
: Yes. Please contact Appear TV for more information
: T2MI is signaled in PSI/SI as a data service
: Relative Timestamps <1s (SFN) and Null timestamps
(MFN)
: TR and ACE (global on/off )
: Yes
: 1/4, 19/128, 1/8, 19/256, 1/16, 1/32, 1/128
: 1k, 2k, 4k, 8k, 8k extended, 16k,16k extended, 32k, 32k
extended
: P1 – P8
: QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM, BPSK
: 1.7, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10MHz
DVB-T2 PLP support
Number of PLPs
PLP mode
PLP types
TI types
Automatic calculation
FEC frame
FEC code rate
Constellations
Rotated constellations
ISSY supported
: 240 in total between all T2MI streams
: HEM, constant bit-rate
: 1 and 2
: Within a T2 frame and across multiple T2 frames
: FEC blocks, TI blocks, TI frames and TI type
: Normal (64k), Short (16k)
: 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6
: QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM, 256-QAM
: Yes
: Yes
Licensed Features
: IP Out Redundancy, T2MI sync+IP Redundancy
: T2MI
: Multi PLP, Regional PLP
: FEC out
DAB / DAB + Cable Modulator
CM-400
Key reference specification : ETSI EN 300 401, ETSI TS 102 693, ETS 300 799
Input format: ETI over IP (EDI), no multiplexing support
RF Output Specification
Number output ports :2
Number of carriers : 8 (4 per port)
Connector : F female, 75Ω
Frequency range : 174–300 MHz
Channel spacing
: Carriers within a port must be within 40 MHz.
Spurious
: < 60 dBc @ -4dBm (typ.)
Frequency stability
: +/- 2 ppm
Frequency step size
: 1 Hz
Output power level per carrier
: Maximum: -4 dBm
Minimum: -15 dBm
Output level stability
: +/- 0.5 dB
Output level adjustment
: 0.1 dB steps
MER
: > 42 dB (typ.)
Return loss
: >16 dB
Licensed Features
: 4 or 8 carriers
DECODER SPECIFICATIONS
MPEG - 2/4 Decoder
with SDI/HDSDI out
DE-401, DE-411
Number of decoded channels Connector
Output format Embedded audio Video Decoding
MPEG-2 profiles MPEG-4 AVC profiles Aspect Ratio Conversion Frame Synchronization (Genlock) Audio Decoding
Number of stereo pairs per video Codecs :
:
:
:
2 per module
2 SDI/HDSDI 75Ω BNC per channel
SMPTE 292 (HD-SDI), 259M (SD-SDI)
SMPTE 272M (SD), 299M (HD)
: MP@HL (HD)
MP@ML (SD)
: MP@L4, HP@L4 (HD)
MP@L3, HP@L3 (SD)
: Off, Letterbox, Panscan
: Accepts PAL and NTSC black burst, 720p50/59.94/60 and
1080i50/59.94/60 tri-level reference signals. (HW option).
If SDI reference signal support is needed, contact your
sales representative.
:2
: MPEG-1 Layer 1 and 2 (Musicam)
: MPEG-2 Layer 2, MPEG4 AAC-LC
: MPEG4 AACplus (HE-AAC, AAC+SBR) v1 and v2
: Dolby® Digital and Dolby® Digital Plus decoding, Downmix from 5.1 to 2.0 (Lo/Ro & Lt/Rt), Compression Modes (Line
& RF) (HW option)
: Conversion from Dolby® Digital Plus to Dolby® Digital at a
fixed bitrate of 640 Kbit/s (HW option)
: Dolby® Digital pass-through
VBI/VANC/DVB sub Processing
DVB subtitling according to : EN 300 743 v1.3.1
Wide Screen Signaling (WSS)
Input
: EN 301 775 v1.2.1
Output
: EN 300 294/ SMPTE 2031
(Composite decoder ITU-R BT .653-3 system B only)
World standard teletext (WST/EBU)
Input : EN 301 775 v1.2.1
Output : ITU-R BT .653-3 (System B only), SMPTE 2031
Video Programming System (VPS)
Input : EN 301 775 v1.2.1
Output : EN 300 231, SMPTE 2031
Teletext Subtitling (OSD) : Supported, OP-47
VITS (Vertical Interval Test Signal)
: ITU-T J.63
Sin(x)/x on line 281(525 lines) or 335 (625 lines)
Digital Program Insertion (DPI)
Input : SCTE 35
Output : SCTE 104
Active Format Description (AFD)
Input : ETSI TS 101 154
Output
: SMPTE 2016-3-2009
Licensed Features
: HD
: Genlock
: OSDM
: Dolby® Digital/Dolby® Digital Plus Decode
MPEG-2/4 Decoder Number of decoded channels : 2 per module
with SDI/HDSDI & AES Connector
: 1 SDI/HDSDI 75Ω BNC and 1 AES/EBU 75Ω BNC per
Audio out
channel
DE-501, DE-511
Video Decoding
Please refer to “MPEG-2/4 Decoder with SDI/HDSDI out”.
Audio Decoding
Please refer to “MPEG-2/4 Decoder with SDI/HDSDI out”.
VBI/VANC/DVB Sub Processing
Please refer to “MPEG-2/4 Decoder with SDI/HDSDI out”.
Licensed Features
: HD
: Genlock
: OSDM
: Dolby® Digital/Dolby® Digital Plus Decode
MPEG-2/4 Decoder Number of decoded channels : 2 per module
with Composite Output Connector for video
: 1 Composite 75Ω BNC per channel, unbalanced
DE-211
Connector for audio
: 25 PIN min D-sub for audio (male)
- 4 balanced audio, 2 per channel, balanced
- 2 AES/EBU audio, 1 per channel (ch. 1)
Video Decoding
Please refer to “MPEG-2/4 Decoder with SDI/HDSDI out”.
Audio Decoding
Please refer to “MPEG-2/4 Decoder with SDI/HDSDI out”.
VBI/VANC/DVB Sub Processing
Please refer to “MPEG-2/4 Decoder with SDI/HDSDI out”.
Analogue Video
Video standards
Conversion
Signal to noise ratio Luminance Non Linearity Sin x/x Gain Sin x/x Group Delay Bar Amplitude Sync Amplitude Burst Amplitude Analogue Audio
Linearity ‘THD+N :
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
PAL and NTSC
HD down conversion to SD
>70dB Measured Acc. Rec 569
<1%
±0.3dB
±10ns
700 mV ±1% (PAL), 100 ±1 IRE (NTSC)
300 mV ±1% (PAL), 40 ±0.4 IRE (NTSC)
300 mV ±3% (PAL), 40 ±1 IRE (NTSC)
: ±0.5dB (20-20kHz)
: typ 70dB (at 9dBu)
Licensed Features
: HD
: Radio Mode
: Genlock
: OSDM
: Dolby® Digital/Dolby® Digital Plus Decode
Quad Decoder with RF 2 x DE-101 + AM-100 /
1 x DE-101+1 AM-100
Number of channels Connector for RF mod video
: 4 (max 2 HD) or 8 (max 4 HD) per module set.
: 2 F connector 75Ω with 2 or 4 channels per connector.
Video Decoding
Please refer to “MPEG-2/4 Decoder with SDI/HDSDI out”.
Audio Decoding
Number stereo pairs per video :1
Please refer to “MPEG-2/4 Decoder with SDI/HDSDI out” (except pass-through).
VBI/VANC/DVB Sub Processing
Please refer to “MPEG-2/4 Decoder with SDI/HDSDI out”.
VHF/UHF Output
Analogue modulation
RF output frequency range
RF tuning step size
Channel setting flexibility Output level (per carrier)
Output level adjustment step size (GUI) Return loss Video carrier frequency stability
Intermodulation distance, (4/8
Channel TV Modulator only) : PAL› B/G, D/K, I (5 MHz video BW )
SECAM › B/G, D/K (5 MHz video BW )
NTSC › M
: 47–862MHz
: 500 Hz
: 4 channel version fully agile.
8 channel version semi agile, two adjacent channels with
8, 16 or 24 MHz spacing
: 105-112 dBuV /ch (115 dBuV/ch for 4 ch version)
:
:
:
:
0.2 dB
>16dB
±3 ppm
> 60 dB, Measured:
@ 115 dBV per channel, 2 channels per port
Carrier
Carrier
Carrier
Carrier
to
to
to
to
noise, in-band noise, adjacent channel
noise (40 channels combined)
spurious, full band (40 - 862 MHz)
@ 112 dBV per channel, 4 channels per port
: > 66 dB @110 dBuV/ch
: > 66 dB @110 dBuV/ch
: Typ. 61 dB @110 dBuV/ch
: > 60 dB
Video (demodulated video)11)
Differential gain Differential phase Group delay variations
Luminance non-linearity 2T K factor Signal to noise ratio :
:
:
:
:
:
<2 %
<2°
<50 ns
<1 %
<1 %
>60dB
Audio – Mono
Audio carrier output level (relative to video carrier) Audio carrier output level range
Audio inter carrier frequency stability Modulation :
:
:
:
-13dB (default)
-10 to - 20 dB, 0.5 dB steps
< 1ppm
FM
Audio – NICAM Stereo
NICAM modulation : According to ETSI EN 300 163 v1.2.1, Fully synchronous
operation, Digital J17 pre-emphasis
NICAM carrier level relative to vision carrier : 20dB
NICAM carrier output level range : +3/-6 dB, 0.5 dB step
Frequency accuracy (relative to video) : ± 1 Hz
Audio output modes : Stereo/Dual Mono/Mono
Output precision : 10 bits
Audio – A2 Stereo
Two sound-carrier FM system (A2) : According to ITU-R BS.707, Annex 1
Audio carrier levels relative to vision carrier : f1= -13dB, f2= 20 dB
Audio carrier output level range : f1: -10 to -20 dB, f2: -17 to -27 dB, 0.5 dB steps
Audio output modes : Stereo/Dual Mono/Mono
Modulation : FM
Audio-bandwidth : 40 to - 15 000 Hz
Audio – MTS Stereo
Two sound-carrier FM system (A2) : FCC-OET60 and CEA -TVSB-5
Audio carrier levels relative to vision carrier : f1= -13dB
Audio carrier output level range
: -10 to - 20 dB, 0.5 dB steps
Audio output modes : Stereo
Licensed Features
: HD
: NICAM/A2 Stereo
: OSDM
: Dolby® Digital/Dolby® Digital Plus Decode
FM Radio
FM-100
Number of channels per module Output connector Decoding formats supported : Up to 8
: F-type female, 75Ω
: MPEG-1 layers 1 and 2 (Musicam)
FM Output
Modulation RF output frequency range Output level 8 carriers combined Output level adjustment step size (GUI) Return loss Channel separation L/R Carrier to spurious RDS insertion :
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
MPX Output
MPX Output MPX Test output level MPX Test output load impedance MPX Test output connector : 0 dBu
: 600Ω
: 1 BNC, service selectable from GUI
* Quad decoder is a combination of the decoder and TV modulator.
11) All measurements are carried out in room temperature at 20°C Using R&S ETL as demodulator
FM
87.5 - 108 MHz
105 - 120 dBV
0.1 dB
18 dB
> 46dB
> 60dB
UECP SPB490 or static
CHASSIS
XC5000
Physical dimensions
: 19” × 4RU × 400mm (440 × 177 × 400 mm)
Power supply
Power Input voltage
Redundancy Monitoring
: 800 Watt
: 100-240 V AC, 50/60 Hz
: optional: -48V DC
: Yes, dual hot swappable PS
: Via WEB GUI and LED indicators on PS
Cooling
Fans
Hot swap of fans
Airflow direction
: 4 fans
: Yes, fans are independently hot swappable
: Front to back
XC5100
: 19” × 1RU × 400mm (440 × 44 × 480 mm)
Physical dimensions
Power supply
Power Input voltage
Redundancy Monitoring
: 400 Watt
: 100-240 V AC, 50/60 Hz
: optional: -48V DC
: Yes, dual hot swappable PS
: Via WEB GUI and LED indicators on PS
Cooling
Fans
Hot swap of fans
Airflow direction
: 6 fans
: Yes, common fan module with all 6 fans
: Front to back
ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
Operational conditions
Temperature
Humidity
: 0 to +40 °C
: 5–95% (non-condensing)
Storage
Temperature
Humidity
: -20 to +70 °C
: 5 to 95% (non-condensing)
Electrical safety
IEC 60950-1 EMC
EN 55022, EN55013, EN50083-2, EN55024, EN61000-3-2, EN61000-3-3, FCC CFR 47 Part 15
RoHSCompliant
WEEECompliant
This product must not be disposed of with other household waste. According to the WEEE-directive, everyone that sells electrical and electronic products shall ensure
that the same products are disposed of in an environmentally sound manner. Appear TV is a member of Elretur AS, a Norwegian nationwide take-back company for the
collection, recycling and environmentally sound processing of scrapped electrical and electronic equipment. In accordance with local requirements you may return this
product to Appear TV AS, Lilleakerveien 2b, 0283 Oslo, Norway, and we will free of charge accept your waste equipment for recycling. You may also choose to return this
product to a collection point for the recycling of waste electrical and electronic equipment in your municipality. If this product is purchased outside Norway, you may
contact your local reseller to enquire about local collection points for recycling of this product, as applicable
APPEAR TV AS
Po Box 8 Lilleaker
No-0216 Oslo
Norway
Te l : + 4 7 2 4 1 1 9 0 2 0
Fa x : + 4 7 2 4 1 1 9 0 2 1
E m a i l : i n fo @ a p p e a r t v. co m
We b : w w w. a p p e a r t v. co m
VERSION 4.0
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