AIRCRAFT ENGINES
ref. no.: MMH-912 / MMH-914 | part no.: 899603
WARNING
Before starting any maintenance work, please read the Maintenance Manual completely
as it contains important safety relevant information.
These technical data and the information embodied therein are the property of BRPPowertrain GmbH & Co KG, Austria, acc, BGBI 1984 no. 448, and shall not, without prior
written permission of BRP-Powertrain GmbH & Co KG, be disclosed in whole or in part to
third parties. This legend shall be included on any reproduction of these data, in whole or
in part.
Copyright 2015 © - all rights reserved.
ROTAX® is a trade mark of BRP-Powertrain GmbH & Co KG. In the following document
the short form of BRP-Powertrain GmbH & Co KG = BRP-Powertrain is used.
Other product names in this documentation are used purely for ease of identification and
may be trademarks of the respective company or owner.
Approval of translation has been done to best knowledge and judgement - in any case
the original text in English language is authoritative.
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
SECTION 00
INTRODUCTION
1) Table of contents
SECTION 00
INTRODUCTION
Table of contents .................................................................................... 00-00-00 / 3
List of chapters ....................................................................................... 00-00-00 / 5
Index ....................................................................................................... 00-00-00 / 7
List of the valid pages............................................................................. 00-00-00 / 11
Table of amendments ............................................................................. 00-00-00 / 19
General note .......................................................................................... 00-00-00 / 23
Safety notice ........................................................................................... 00-00-00 / 25
7.1) Repeating symbols ........................................................................ 00-00-00 / 25
8) Technical documentation ........................................................................ 00-00-00 / 27
8.1) Filling in the dimension sheets ...................................................... 00-00-00 / 27
8.2) List of abbreviations ...................................................................... 00-00-00 / 28
9) Classification of parts for maintenance/repair ........................................ 00-00-00 / 29
9.1) Determination of actual wear [%] .................................................. 00-00-00 / 32
10) Maintenance ........................................................................................... 00-00-00 / 35
10.1) Trouble shooting ............................................................................ 00-00-00 / 35
10.2) Tightening torques ........................................................................ 00-00-00 / 35
10.3) Consumable materials................................................................... 00-00-00 / 36
10.4) Auxiliary tools ................................................................................ 00-00-00 / 39
10.5) Measuring tools ............................................................................. 00-00-00 / 41
10.6) Special tools and devices .............................................................. 00-00-00 / 42
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2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
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Maintenance Manual
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2) List of chapters
INTRODUCTION ............................................... 00
POWER PLANT ................................................ 71
ENGINE ............................................................ 72
FUEL SYSTEM ................................................. 73
IGNITION SYSTEM .......................................... 74
COOLING SYSTEM .......................................... 75
ENGINE CONTROL .......................................... 76
EXHAUST SYSTEM AND TURBOCHARGER .. 78
LUBRICATION SYSTEM .................................. 79
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Maintenance Manual
3) Index
A
Airbox temperature 76-00-00 / 9
Alternators 74-00-00 / 3
Auxiliary tools 00-00-00 / 37
B
Boost pressure display 73-00-00 / 16
Bowden cable 78-00-00 / 19
C
Carburetor assembly 73-00-00 / 53
Carburetor disassembly 73-00-00 / 19
Carburetor heat systems 73-00-00 / 16
Carburetor individual components 73-00-00 /
23, 73-00-00 / 24
Carburetor socket assembly 73-00-00 / 53
Carburetor socket disassembly 73-00-00 /
17, 73-00-00 / 19
Carburetor synchronization 73-00-00 / 33
Caution lamps inspection 76-00-00 / 34
Charging coil 74-00-00 / 14
Choke 73-00-00 / 31
Classification of parts 00-00-00 / 29
Cleaning agents 00-00-00 / 38
Communication program 76-00-00 / 13
Components 71-00-00 / 5
Compressor pressure ratio 76-00-00 / 10
Constant depression carburetor 73-00-00 /
12, 73-00-00 / 21
Consumable materials 00-00-00 / 36
Coolant hoses fitting 75-00-00 / 14
Cooling air duct 75-00-00 / 14
Cut-in speed 74-00-00 / 18
Cyl. head assembly 72-00-00 / 73, 72-00-00
Cyl. head temperature sensor 75-00-00 / 15
Cylinder designation 71-00-00 / 5
Cylinder head disassembly 72-00-00 / 57
Cylinder head fitting 72-00-00 / 92
Cylinder head removal 72-00-00 / 55
Cylinders assembly 72-00-00 / 86
Cylinders inspection 72-00-00 / 81
Cylinders removal 72-00-00 / 75
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Description of design 71-00-00 / 3
Diaphragms 73-00-00 / 25
Disc spring pretension 72-00-00 / 51
Drain plug 79-00-00 / 10
Drip tray disassembly 73-00-00 / 17
Dual ignition coil 74-00-00 / 17
Effectivity 912/914 Series
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E
Electric starter 80-00-00 / 3
Electric starter installation 80-00-00 / 12
Electric starter dismantling 80-00-00 / 5
Electric starter inspection 80-00-00 / 9
Electric starter diassembly 80-00-00 / 11
Electronic module 74-00-00 / 14
Engine components 71-00-00 / 12
Engine views 71-00-00 / 5
Exhaust gas temperature display 78-00-00 / 5
Exhaust system assembly 78-00-00 / 15
Exhaust system inspection 78-00-00 / 11
Exhaust system disassembly 78-00-00 / 7
Exhaust turbocharger 78-00-00 / 3
F
Filter oil 00-00-00 / 36
Float bracket 73-00-00 / 28
Float housing 73-00-00 / 27
Float needle valve inspection 73-00-00 / 30
Floats 73-00-00 / 27
Fly wheel hub 72-00-00 / 9, 74-00-00 / 49
Fuel filter 73-00-00 / 7
Fuel handling 73-00-00 / 15
Fuel lines 73-00-00 / 40, 73-00-00 / 43
Fuel lines assembly 73-00-00 / 55, 73-00-00 / 58
Fuel lines disassembly 73-00-00 / 17, 73-00-00 /
19
Fuel pressure 73-00-00 / 35, 37
Fuel pressure regulator 73-00-00 / 44
Fuel pump 73-00-00 / 45, 73-00-00 / 47
G
Gear set inspection 72-00-00 / 44
Gearbox configurations 72-00-00 / 5
Gearbox parts inspection 72-00-00 / 39
Governor 72-00-00 / 7
Governor drive removal 72-00-00 / 33
H
Heat conduction compound 00-00-00 / 37
Hose clamps 75-00-00 / 14
Hourmeter 72-00-00 / 8
Hydraulic valve tappets 72-00-00 / 83
I
Idle speed adjustment 73-00-00 / 33
Ignition 74-00-00 / 3, 74-00-00 / 6
Ignition cables 74-00-00 / 9
Ignition check 74-00-00 / 21
Ignition circuits inspection 74-00-00 / 21
Ignition electric set reassembly 74-00-00 / 41
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Maintenance Manual
L
List of valid pages 00-00-00 / 11
Lithiumbase grease 00-00-00 / 34
Loctite 00-00-00 / 36
Lubrication system purging 79-00-00 / 26
M
Magnetic plug 79-00-00 / 10
Main oil pump 79-00-00 / 3, 79-00-00 / 5
Measuring tools 00-00-00 / 39
Molycote 00-00-00 / 36
Multimeter 00-00-00 / 41
Multipurpose grease 00-00-00 / 35
O
Oil circuit 79-00-00 / 5
Oil cooler 79-00-00 / 25
Oil lines 79-00-00 / 25
Oil pressure sensor 79-00-00 / 27
Oil pump disassembly 79-00-00 / 14
Oil pump 79-00-00 / 11
Oil pump checking 79-00-00 / 15
Oil pump reassembly 79-00-00 / 18, 79-00-00
/ 19
Oil pump removal 79-00-00 / 11
Oil sump 79-00-00 / 21
Oil tank 79-00-00 / 22
Oil temperature display 79-00-00 / 10
Oil temperature sensor 79-00-00 / 26
Operating fluids 71-00-00 / 11
Operating limits 71-00-00 / 11
Orange caution lamp 76-00-00 / 11
Oscilloscope 00-00-00 / 41
Output connections on the TCU for lamps 7600-00 / 11
Overspeeding 76-00-00 / 8
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P
PC interface 76-00-00 / 12
Piston rings inspection 72-00-00 / 79
Pistons fitting 72-00-00 / 86
Pistons inspection 72-00-00 / 77
Pistons removal 72-00-00 / 75
Pitting 72-00-00 / 45, 72-00-00 / 47
Position finding 78-00-00 / 20
Preservation 71-00-00 / 18, 71-00-00 / 19
Preservation oil 00-00-00 / 37
Pressure connecting lines 73-00-00 / 10, 73-00-00 /
49
Pressure measurement system 71-00-00 / 22, 7900-00 / 26
Pressure sensors inspection 76-00-00 / 44
Propeller gearbox 72-00-00 / 5, 72-00-00 / 22, 8000-00 / 3
Propeller gearbox diassembly 72-00-00 / 28
Propeller gearbox reassembly 72-00-00 / 49
Propeller gearbox installation 72-00-00 / 53
Propeller shaft removal 72-00-00 / 30
Pushrods 72-00-00 / 85
R
Red boost lamp 76-00-00 / 11
Return to service 71-00-00 / 18
Rev counter inspection 74-00-00 / 55
Rev counter drive 72-00-00 / 21
Rev counter, mechanical 72-00-00 / 8
Roller bearings for F2 removal 72-00-00 / 24
Roller bearings for F3 removal 72-00-00 / 26
Roller bearings for F4 removal 72-00-00 / 27
Rotary seal 75-00-00 / 10
S
Servo motor 78-00-00 / 20
Silastic 00-00-00 / 36
Special tools 00-00-00 / 40
Sprag clutch 72-00-00 / 15
Sprag clutch dismantling 72-00-00 / 17
Sprag clutch installation 72-00-00 / 18
Sprag clutch removal 72-00-00 / 16
Spring, wastegate 78-00-00 / 19
Starting carburetor 73-00-00 / 31
Stator removal and refitting 74-00-00 / 48
Stroboscope 00-00-00 / 41
Suction pump 79-00-00 / 8
Surface damage 71-00-00 / 15
Return to service 00-00-00 / 25, 71-00-00 / 17, 7100-00 / 18
Rev counter inspection 74-00-00 / 53
Rev counter drive 72-00-00 / 21
Rev counter, mechanical 72-00-00 / 8
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Ignition electric set fitting 74-00-00 / 43
Ignition electric set removal 74-00-00 / 35
Ignition housing 72-00-00 / 14
Ignition housing inspection 72-00-00 / 11
Ignition housing removal 72-00-00 / 11
Ignition timing 74-00-00 / 19
Instruments 79-00-00 / 10
Intake air temperature sensor inspection 7600-00 / 42
Intake manifold fitting 73-00-00 / 60
Intermediate gear 72-00-00 / 20
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
T
Table of amendments 00-00-00 / 19
Target pressure reduction 76-00-00 / 8
TCU inspection 76-00-00 / 32
Technical data 71-00-00 / 11, 71-00-00 / 15
Temperature measuring system 71-00-00 / 22, 7500-00 / 15, 79-00-00 / 26
Three-way solenoid valve 76-00-00 / 53
Throttle potentiometer calibration 76-00-00 / 31
Throttle potentiometer inspection 76-00-00 / 37
Tightening torques 00-00-00 / 35
Trigger coil kit 74-00-00 / 13
Trigger coil kit replacement 74-00-00 / 46
Trigger coils arrangement 74-00-00 / 8
Turbocharger assembly 78-00-00 / 15
Turbocharger disassembly 78-00-00 / 7
Turbocharger inspection 78-00-00 / 11
Turbo control unit 76-00-00 / 32
Type description 71-00-00 / 4
V
Vacuum pump 72-00-00 / 7, 72-00-00 / 10
Vacuum pump drive removal 72-00-00 / 32
Valve guide 72-00-00 / 62
Valve lapping paste 00-00-00 / 36
Valve seats 72-00-00 / 63
Valves 72-00-00 / 64
W
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Water pump removal 75-00-00 / 6
Water pump housing 75-00-00 / 7, 75-00-00 / 13
Water pump housing inspection 75-00-00 / 7
Water pump shaft 75-00-00 / 9
Weights 71-00-00 / 11, 71-00-00 / 12
Wiring diagrams 74-00-00 / 24
Wiring harness inspection 76-00-00 / 35
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05 01 2007
05 01 2007
05 01 2007
10 01 2010
02 01 2015
Chapter
Page
Date
13
14
Rear page
02 01 2015
02 01 2015
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00-00-00
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February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02620
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
00-00-00
page 17
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02620
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
00-00-00
page 18
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
5) Table of amendments
*Approval
The technical content of this document is approved under
the authority of
DOA Nr. EASA.21J.048.
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No. Section
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
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0
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00-00-00
71-00-00
72-00-00
73-00-00
74-00-00
75-00-00
76-00-00
78-00-00
79-00-00
80-00-00
1
1
00-00-00
72-00-00
1
73-00-00
1
76-00-00
2
2
00-00-00
72-00-00
2
2
73-00-00
74-00-00
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
Pages
all
all
all
all
all
all
all
all
all
all
Date
Sign
of
of
correction acceptance
05 01 2007
05 01 2007
05 01 2007
05 01 2007
05 01 2007
05 01 2007
05 01 2007
05 01 2007
05 01 2007
05 01 2007
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
11-13, 15,19, 34-36 01 01 2008
22, 23, 28,
01 01 2008
51-54, 66
01 01 2008
1, 2, 17, 18, 25, 26, 01 01 2008
53, 54, 55, 58
01 01 2008
39
01 01 2008
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
75-00-00
76-00-00
78-00-00
79-00-00
80-00-00
7-9,11-16, 19,33
2, 3,8,16, 24-27,35
38, 40,44-46,
49-53, 57, 58, 61,
79, 83,90,95,102
111,114,115
1,2,16-60
2, 16,46, 47, 49,
50, 57-60,62
1,11,14,15,17,18
2,35,36,53-60
1,11-24
18,19,27
1,13,14
07 01 2008
07 01 2008
07 01 2008
07 01 2008
07 01 2008
07 01 2008
07 01 2008
07 01 2008
07 01 2008
07 01 2008
07 01 2008
07 01 2008
07 01 2008
07 01 2008
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
DOA*
00-00-00
71-00-00
7-9, 11-16,19-48
12-14,18, 20
10 01 2010
10 01 2010
DOA*
DOA*
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
08215
Date of
Date of
Sign/
accept. of
implemen- Signature
resp. authority tation
00-00-00
page 19
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
02709_2
Ser.
No.
Date of
correction
Sign of
acceptance
10 01 2010
DOA*
3
73-00-00 1,6-7,15-19,23,27,29- 10 01 2010
30,45-46,51,54
DOA*
3
74-00-00
10 01 2010
DOA*
3
75-00-00 1,14-18
10 01 2010
DOA*
3
76-00-00 59
10 01 2010
DOA*
3
78-00-00 1,3-5,19,23
10 01 2010
DOA*
3
79-00-00 6,8,10,19-21,27
10 01 2010
DOA*
3
80-00-00 11,14
10 01 2010
DOA*
4
00-00-00 11-16,20-21,36-38,43
02 01 2015
DOA*
4
71-00-00 13,17
02 01 2015
8,18,19,20,22,36,38,
72-00-00
02 01 2015
49,50,53,67,68,69,81,
82,92,93,97,101,103,
107, 111,114,115,117
DOA*
DOA*
4
73-00-00 17,22,23,27,30,31,38, 02 01 2015
43-63,66
74-00-00 3,6,12,22,29,33,40- 02 01 2015
42,44,46,47,49,51,54,
55,61-63
4
75-00-00 4,17,18
02 01 2015
DOA*
4
76-00-00 42,59
02 01 2015
DOA*
4
78-00-00 3,10,11,20,23
02 01 2015
DOA*
4
79-00-00 1,9,11-14,18-20,26-32 02 01 2015
DOA*
4
80-00-00 5,6,12-14
DOA*
3
Section
Pages
72-00-00 1,8-10,14,18-19,22,
Date of
Date of
accept. of
implemen-
resp. authority
tation
Sign/Sig
nature
34-30,33-34,42,52-55,
59,63,69,81,83-84,96
92-93,98,106,108,111
4
02 01 2015
DOA*
DOA*
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4
6,25,27,29,31,33,62
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Edition 1 / Rev. 4
00-00-00
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February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
5.1)
Summary of amendments
Summary of the relevant amendments in this context, but without requirement on
completness.
Ser.
No.
Section
00-00-00
4
4
71-00-00
72-00-00
4
73-00-00
4
74-00-00
4
4
4
75-00-00
76-00-00
78-00-00
4
79-00-00
4
80-00-00
Date
of
correction
Comment
11-16,20,21,36-38, 02 01 2015 effective pages selected, consumable materials
43
changed/deleted/added.
13,17
02 01 2015 information about the ignition timing changed.
8,18-20,22,36,38, 02 01 2015 correction of text, LOCTITE from 221 to 603
49,50,53,67-69,81,
changed, Dowel pin from 8x20 to 6x20 changed,
82,92,93,97,101,
Reference to inspection tool changed, Fig 72-75
103,107,111,114
changed, NOTICE at cylinder head fitting,
115,117
Change of tightening angle from 180° to 120°,
piston/cylinder/intermediate gear of electric starter
/sprag clutch: wear limits changed.
17,22,23,27,30,31, 02 01 2015 information to Fig 73-15/2, float brackets-spacing:
38,43-63,66
change of text, Fig73-28 changed, fuel pump
(912+914): change of text+graphics, NOTICE+
+NOTES added.
3,6,12,22,29,33,40- 02 01 2015 Fig 74-1+20+22+25+28+29+33 changed, wording
42,44,46,47,51,54,
from “resistance spark plug..” to “spark plug..“
55, 61-63
changed, wear limits+form sheet changed.
4,17,18
02 01 2015 cylinder head temperature sensor: additional text.
42,59
02 01 2015 form sheets changed.
3,10,11,20,23
02 01 2015 exhaust system (912): change of text, Fig 78-3+
13 changed, wear limit (TC03) corrected.
1,9,11-14,18-20
02 01 2015 LOC.515 changed to LOC.5910, tightening torque
26-32
at oil pump cover changed (from 133 to 90 in.lb
-oiled thread), Fig 79-19 changed.
5,6,12- 14
02 01 2015 graphic+wear limits changed.
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Edition 1 / Rev. 4
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Maintenance Manual
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NOTES
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page 22
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
6) General note
We are pleased you decided to purchase a ROTAX aircraft engine.
This section describes the maintenance of all engines in the 912/914 Series.
◆ NOTE:
The 912/914 Series includes the following engines:
-
912 A
-
912 F
-
912 S
-
912 UL
-
912 ULS
-
912 ULSFR
-
914 F
-
914 UL
Before carrying out maintenance work on the engine, please read the Maintenance
Manual (Heavy Maintenance) carefully. See also the latest revision of the corresponding
Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type 912 Series or
914 Series.
d04774
If any passages of this Manual are not clearly understood or if you have any questions,
please contact an authorized distributor or Service Center for ROTAX aircraft engines.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
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page 23
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02620
NOTES
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00-00-00
page 24
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
7) Safety notice
Although the mere reading of such information does not eliminate the hazard, your
understanding and application of the information will promote correct use.
The information and components/system descriptions contained in this Maintenance
Manual are correct at the time of publication. BRP-Rotax maintains a policy of
continuous improvement of its products, without, however, incurring any obligation to
install them on its products previously manufactured.
BRP-Rotax reserves the right to discontinue or alter any specification, design, detail,
model or equipment, at any time and without incurring obligation.
The illustrations in this Maintenance Manual show the typical construction. They may
not correspond to every detail or the exact shape of the actual parts, but show parts
which have the same or similar function.
Specifications are given in the SI metric system with the USA equivalent in parenthesis.
7.1)
Repeating symbols
This Manual uses the following symbols to emphasize particular information.
These indications are important and must be respected.
▲ WARNING: identifies an instruction which, if not followed, may cause
serious injury including the possibility of death.
■ CAUTION: Denotes an instruction which, if not followed, may severely
damage the engine or other component.
◆ NOTE:
Indicates supplementary information which may be needed
to fully complete or understand an instruction.
A revision bar outside of the page margin indicates a change to
text or graphic.
In various illustrations, this symbol indicates the location of the
serial number on a component.
4
In the illustrations concerned, this symbol indicates the position
of the serial component number (e.g. on crankshafts, camshafts).
VT06
In the illustrations concerned, a fourdigit combination of letters
and numbers indicates a control point which needs to be
checked. See the corresponding dimension sheets for the
correct value.
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XXX
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Edition 1 / Rev. 3
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Maintenance Manual
d04774
NOTES
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Edition 1 / Rev. 3
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page 26
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
8) Technical documentation
See also the corresponding Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type 912 Series or 914 Series.
8.1)
Filling in the dimension sheets
See Fig. 00-1
All measurements must be entered in the corresponding dimension sheets as
shown.
Fig. 00-1 shows the correct procedure for filling in the dimension sheets attached
after each section.
■ CAUTION:
-
If the engine is overhauled / repaired before the end of the TBO,
the 50% specified values (3) for wear limits do not apply and
must be calculated separately in accordance with Section 9
“Classification of parts for maintenance”.
Look up the desired control point code (1) in the illustration in the specified
section.
Fig. 00-1
07538
The maximum limits for wear are divided into two columns, maximum wear
100% (2) and 50% wear (3).
-
Field (4) gives the maximum permissible values in [mm], field (5) in
[inches].
-
The respective actual value must be entered in the corresponding box (6)
in [mm] or [inches].
-
The actual value for any part which has been replaced is entered in the
corresponding field (7) in [mm] or [inches].
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-
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BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Dimensional check of parts
See Fig. 00-2
Take readings of all parts listed in the dimension sheets.
Enter the respective actual value in the dimension sheets attached directly after
each section.
■ CAUTION:
Where measurement values are taken in hundredths of a
millimeter or more precisely, the temperature of the part must
be 20 to 25 °C (68 to 77 °F).
Fig. 00-2
07437
8.2)
List of abbreviations
The following table shows the abbreviations used for the control points.
Abbreviation
Description
AL
alternator
CA
camshaft
CC
crankcase
CH
cylinder head
CR
conrod
CS
crankshaft
CY
cylinder
EL
electric
ES
electric starter
EX
exhaust
GB
gearbox
GO
governor
OP
oil pump
PI
piston
PP
piston pin
ST
stator
TC
turbo charger
VT
valve train
WP
water pump
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
d04774
Abbreviations for control points
08216
00-00-00
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October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
9) Classification of parts for maintenance/repair
See Figs. 00-3 and 00-4.
As for an overhaul, parts for maintenance/repair must be classified. They are classified
either as “parts usable” or as “parts to be replaced”.
The classification is made on the basis of the following criteria:
– Hours of operation (decisive are the total operating hours of the part / engine or
hours since the last overhaul)
– Determined (measured) actual dimension of the respective parts.
– See Figs. 00-3 and 00-4 for the classification of such parts.
Proceed as follows:
– Determine wear as a percentage of the wear tolerance
(see the dimension sheets attached directly after each section for the wear limit
(100%) of the part in question).
d04774
– Determine the hours of operation for the part in question (see Log book etc.)
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
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page 29
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
For engines of Series 912:
Fig. 00-3
08677
TSN [h]
(Time Since New)
max. permissible wear
for repair [%]
max. permissible wear for
repair [%]
to
TBO 1500 - 912 Series
TBO 2000 - 912 Series
0
50
4
4
51
100
12
12
101
150
18
18
151
200
24
24
201
250
30
30
251
300
36
36
301
350
42
42
351
400
46
46
401
450
52
52
451
500
56
56
501
550
60
60
551
600
62
62
601
700
68
67
701
800
73
72
801
900
78
76
901
1000
82
80
1001
1100
87
83
1101
1200
90
87
1201
1300
93
90
1301
1400
96
92
1401
1500
100
94
1501
1600
96
1601
1700
98
1701
1800
98
1801
1900
99
1901
2000
100
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from
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
00-00-00
page 30
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
For engines of Series 914:
Fig. 00-4
08679
TSN [h]
max. permissible wear
(Time Since New)
for repair [%]
max. permissible wear
for repair [%]
to
TBO 1200 - 914 Series
TBO 2000 - 914 Series
0
50
6
4
51
100
14
12
101
150
24
18
151
200
30
24
201
250
36
30
251
300
44
36
301
350
50
42
351
400
54
46
401
450
60
52
451
500
64
56
501
550
68
60
551
600
72
62
601
700
76
67
701
800
82
72
801
900
87
76
901
1000
91
80
1001
1100
95
83
1101
1200
100
87
1201
1300
90
1301
1400
92
1401
1500
94
1501
1600
96
1601
1700
98
1701
1800
98
1801
1900
99
1901
2000
100
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October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
9.1)
Determination of actual wear [%]
See Figs. 00-5, 00-6 and 00-7.
Determine actual dimension F of the part in question.
For new dimension (max) B and wear limit C, see the corresponding section´Wear
limits“ (e. g. 74-00-00 sec. 4).
Fig. 00-5
08217
A
Fig. 00-6
B
C
D
07531
E
F
The actual wear in [%] is determined with the following formula:
Legend:
A New dimension (min)
B New dimension (max)
C Wear limit
D New dimension tolerance
E Wear tolerance
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F Actual dimension
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00-00-00
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October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
■ CAUTION:
New dimension (max) B is always the dimension which is
closest to wear limit C.
Fig. 00-7
08219
Procedure for classification of “On Condition Parts” at maintenance/
repair:
◆ NOTE:
A negative result means that the actual dimension F is within the
new dimension tolerance D.
Example for engines of Series 914:
Hours of operation indicated 300 h.
The determined percentage of maximum permissible wear calculated is 46.6 %.
New dimension (max)
B = 28.03 mm (1.1035 in.)
Wear limit
C = 28.10 mm (1.1062 in.)
Actual dimension
F = 28.07 mm (1.1051 in.)
Actual wear
57.1 %
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▲ WARNING: The part must be replaced (i.e. this part is excessively worn
for only 300 hours of operation).
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
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Maintenance Manual
d04774
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
00-00-00
page 34
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
10) Maintenance
The following sections describe maintenance procedure for engines of the 912/914
Series above and beyond the maintenance and special checks, see corresponding
Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or
914 Series, and the systems descriptions given hitherto. The description is subdivided
into subsections and descriptions of the function of the various systems.
Some overlapping maintenance instructions are treated as generally valid information
at the beginning of this chapter.
10.1) Trouble shooting
In the Operators Manual, possible problems as well as feasible remedies are
listed. At the same time, brief reference is made to the necessary remedial
action.
See the respective sections in the Operators Manual for the corresponding
engine type in the 912/914 Series.
10.2) Tightening torques
In general, all screw connections on ROTAX engines must be tightened using
a torque wrench.
If not specified otherwise for a component, tighten screw connections to the
following torque:
M4
:
4 Nm (35 in.lb)
M5
:
6 Nm (55 in.lb)
M6
:
10 Nm (90 in.lb)
M8
:
24 Nm (17.7 ft.lb)
M10 :
35 Nm (25.8 ft.lb)
If not specified otherwise, the threads are not lubricated when
fastened.
◆ NOTE:
Adhere to the tightening torques specified see also indications
in the Illustrated Parts Catalog.
d04774
■ CAUTION:
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Edition 1 / Rev. 3
00-00-00
page 35
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
10.3) Consumable materials
▲ WARNING: Use only the specified or technically equivalent materials for
all maintenance work.
The materials listed have undergone longterm testing and are suitable for all
operating conditions indicated by the manufacturer.
▲ WARNING: When handling chemicals, comply with all the customary regulations and specifications of the producer, including the expiry
date.
Consider the curing time of the sealing surface compound as
stated by the manufacturers’ instructions.
No. part no.
description, application ................................................ Qty.
1
897651
LOCTITE 243 blue,
medium duty screw locking agent ................................. 10 ml
2
899789
LOCTITE 603 green,
oil tolerant retaining compound, heavy-duty ................. 10 ml
3
297434
LOCTITE Anti-Seize 8151,
for the prevention of fretting corrosion ............................ 50 g
4
297433
MOLYKOTE G-N,
lubricant ....................................................................... 100 g
5
897330
Lithium-base grease,
to avoid leakage current ............................................... 250 g
6
897870
Filter oil,
for optimum filter efficiency and moisture protection
................................................................................... 14.8 ml
7
297368
SILASTIC 732
multipurpose onecomponent siliconbased
sealing compound ....................................................... 310 ml
8
899788
LOCTITE 648 green,
high temperature screw locking agent ............................ 5 ml
9
898351
KLUEBER Isoflex Topas 5910
Long-term grease ......................................................... 0.5 kg
10
899791
LOCTITE 5910
flange sealant provides flexibility and adhesion ........... 50 ml
11
n.a.
LOCTITE 7063
for degreasing and cleaning surfaces.................as required
12
897186
SILICONE HEAT CONDUCTION COMPOUND ......... 150 g
Application of the heat conduction compound will reduce
heat transfer resistance. The greaselike, temperature-
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
00-00-00
page 36
February 01/2015
d05735
◆ NOTE:
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
resistant silicon compound fills cavities between components and cooling elements (e.g: spark plug - cylinder head),
which otherwise do not contribute to heat conduction.
13
n.a.
Multipurpose grease LZ
Generally usable, neutrally colored multipurpose grease,
water resistant and highly adherent. Usable for temperatures from -35 °C to +120 °C (-31 °F to 248 °F) and can be
subjected to high mechanical loads.
14
n.a.
Preservation oil
This special oil has excellent penetrating capabilities and
reaches even tiny gaps, it’s highly effective additives protect
against corrosion of metal surfaces.
15
n.a.
Flexible web for surface finishing 3M Scotch-Brite Multi .
Flex - very fine or ultra fine
Is sold by the meter and used for manual removal of
smaller rust spots or oxidation, especially for optimum
ground connections. It is particularly suitable for removing
LOCTITE from surfaces or threads to make them metallic
clean. Before re-applying LOCTITE, clean surfaces with
nitrothinner or degreasing agent (CASTROL ZA 30 or OMV
- SOFT SOL). When using solvents, observe the safety
regulations for persons and the environment.
16
n.a.
MS4 / DC4 Dow Corning # 4
Electrical insulating compound for protection of electrical
connections.
17
898570
Locking paint
seals screws ................................................................. 20 ml
18
n.a.
Cleaning agent
▲ WARNING: Use only approved cleaning agents (e.g. varsol,
etc.) for cleaning metal parts.
d05735
Do not use lyebased cold cleaners or degreasing agents. Do
not clean coolant and oil hoses with aggressive solutions.
Clean off residues of sealing compound with sealant
remover.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
00-00-00
page 37
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Soak combustion chamber, piston and cylinder head with
cleaning agent and remove combustion residues with a
bronze brush. CASTROL “Clenvex 2000” has proved very
effective. It is a solvent - cold cleaner, free of halogen, on
the basis of selected fuel fractions and is biodegradable.
Never use caustic or corrosive cleaning agents.
19
n.a.
Valve lapping paste
This paste, produced by various manufacturers, is a fine
granulate lapping paste for manual lapping of valve seats
and valves. The paste is usually available in 3 different
granulate sizes. Use as per manufacturer’s instructions.
20
n.a.
MICRONORM abrasive
d05735
This abrasive is suitable for local and gradual very fine
treatment of steel parts with rust film (propeller shaft). The
MICRONORM abrasive contains no harmful substances, is
approved by the competent authorities and guarantees
optimum cleaning. The granulates used are of sizes 40 to
60 µ . The achievable surface roughness is between 0.5
and 1 µ, which corresponds to ultrafine machining of surfaces.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
00-00-00
page 38
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
10.4) Auxiliary tools
– compression tester or 2 pressure gauges with calibrated orifice, adapter for
dial gauge in spark plug thread
– valve spring mounting pliers
– step punch for valve guide
– adjustable reamer 6.5 to 7.5 mm (0.256 to 0.295 in.)
– valve seat machining device, valve lapping paste,
– gearbox support plate
– stud extraction tool
– scraper, very fine emery cloth, grinding tool, cover sheet, adhesive tape
– cleaning agent, approved cleaners, funnel, graphite marker.
– magnetic particle tester DEUTROFLUX, series UHW, or equivalent.
See 72-00-00 sec. 5.1.1.
These testers are suitable for complete combined magnetic particle crack
inspection of all ferromagnetic materials. For this purpose an A.C. field
circulation can be combined with a shifted phase A.C. circulation . The
two magnetizing methods are independent from each other and can be
applied separately.
To achieve the direction changes of the magnetic field vector necessary for
indication of cracks in any direction, the alternating currents serving as the
current supply for the different methods of magnetizing are dephased by
120° to each other:
a) current circulation for indication of longitudinal cracks
b) field circulation for indication of transverse cracks
c) auxiliary circulation for indication of axial and radial cracks on parts with bores
right through by using an electric auxiliary conductor (copper bar).
Measure tangential field intensity with field intensity tester Deutrometer 3870
or with an equivalent field intensity tester. The target value is 10 - 50 A/cm.
If cracks are detected then the affected part must be replaced. Clean and
demagnetize the part. The maximum remaining magnetism must not exceed
1.2 A/cm.
The inner bore of the propeller shaft is excluded from magnetic particle crack
inspection.
Observe the manufacturers instructions.
d04774
■ CAUTION:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
00-00-00
page 39
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
-
Disassembly device for propeller gearbox.
Fig. 00-8 shows one possible tensioning device for the disassembly of the
propeller gearbox. The dimensions given are only intended for easier
orientation and are not binding.
(1.18 in.)
Fig. 00-8
(3.15 in.)
(1.89 in.)
(1 in.)
(2.36 in.) (0.78 in.)
(14.17 in.)
(0.2 in.)
(0.31 in.)
(0.2 in.)
(8.27 in.)
(3.94 in.)
d04774
07525
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
00-00-00
page 40
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
10.5) Measuring tools
Calliper rule, dial gauge indicator, micrometer, inner micrometer, inner fine
measuring device, feeler gauge, spring scale up to 50 kp (500 N)(112.5 lbf).
Stroboscope:
BOSCH 0 684 100 308 or equivalent. Supply voltage 8 to 15
V. Flash triggering via inductive clampon pickup. Flashing
frequency 4500 rpm.
Multimeter:
FLUKE series 70, series 80 or equivalent.
Electronic, 3 1/2 digit indication.
Current range 10 A.
Direct voltage range 200 V minimum.
Resistance range 200 Ω to 2 MΩ
Acoustic continuity tester.
Oscilloscope:
TEKTRONIX 2225 or equivalent
2 channels
Analog
Sensitivity 5 mV to 5V/div
Frequency limit 50 MHz
When using these instruments, observe the manufacturer’s
instructions.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
00-00-00
d04774
■ CAUTION:
page 41
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
10.6) Special tools and devices
See Figs. 00-9, 00-10 and 00-11.
The following tools and devices are also listed in the Illustrated Parts Catalog.
Fig. No. Part No. Description, application
1
2
276282
276280
977420
3
240880
4
877890
5
877110
6
876510
7
8
877258
877270
9
877802
10
877650
11 - 12 877091
877155
13
276332
14
877276
15
877360
spark plug wrench a/f 16 ........................................
spark plug wrench a/f 18 ........................................
hand lever 8x130-10 ..............................................
for spark plug wrench
thread bolt M8x50 ..................................................
for crankshaft locking
Torx bit - T40 .........................................................
for magnetic plug
guide sleeve...........................................................
for O-ring idle mixture screw
and idle jet
insertion jig.............................................................
for oil seal (12x30x7), water pump shaft
insertion jig for rotary seal .....................................
insertion jig assy. ...................................................
for oil seal 32x52x7 crankshaft magneto side
circlip installation tool assy., ..................................
for assembly of piston pin circlips
insertion jig.............................................................
piston pin extractor assy. ......................................
for assembly and disassembly of the piston pin
extracting nut M6 assy., ........................................
for piston pin extractor
insertion jig assy. ...................................................
for pressing out needle sleeve 22x28x12
and ball bearing 15x32x8, vacuum pump
insertion jig assy. ...................................................
for oil seal 22x32x7, vacuum pump
guide sleeve...........................................................
for oil seal 32x52x7, crankshaft, magneto side
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
d04774
12
Number
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
00-00-00
page 42
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Fig. No. Part No. Description, application
16
877295
17
240381
17-18
877730
19
877320
20
877680
21
841875
Number
impeller wrench assy. ............................................
for water pump impeller
hex. screw M6x12 .................................................
for float level gauge
float level gauge assy., ..........................................
for check of float lever
press-in ring ...........................................................
for ball bearing 35-72-17 propeller shaft,
use together with pressin jig 876 518
insertion jig with sleeve... .......................................
for oil seal 6x11x3/4,5 of rev counter housing
hex. screw M16x120 .............................................
for puller
1
1
1
1
1
1
21- 22 877375
puller assy. ............................................................ 1
for fly wheel hub
23
877417
24
877377
protection mushroom ............................................. 1
for crankshaft, magneto side
puller assy. ............................................................ 1
narrow configuration, for fly wheel hub
crankcase splitting tool .......................................... Z
28
29
877387
877380
30
877790
valve spring mounting device assy. ....................... 1
valve spring mounting device assy.. ...................... 1
for removal of the valve springs
adapter ring for removal of valve spring. ............... 1
31
877570
tapping drill M18x1................................................. 1
for cleaning of fine thread when replacing
the coolant fitting
32
32
33
33- 34
876967
876978
877440
877445
34
35
877460
877465
36
877450
piston ring retainer 84 mm (3.31 in.) .....................
piston ring retainer 79.5 mm (3.13 in.) ..................
socket wrench A/F 41x20 L ...................................
socket wrench assy. 41x12.5 ................................
for hex. nut 41 a/f, crankshaft power take off side
reducing socket wrench 3/4"-1/2" ..........................
reduction socket 3/4"-1" .........................................
1" to 3/4", for socket wrench 46 a/f
insert S 46x20 L ....................................................
for hex. nut 46 a/f, crankshaft magneto side
d05735
25- 27 877765
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
00-00-00
page 43
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Fig. No. Part No. Description, application
Number
37
877315
38
39
40
41
876950
877710
877300
877262
42
877620
oil filter wrench 80-110 .......................................... 1
for oil filter removal
43
877245
trestle adapter assy., ............................................. 1
for fixation of engine Type 914
44
45
877670
874230
cutting tool ............................................................. 1
fuel pressure gauge ............................................... 1
46
877240
trestle adapter assy., ............................................. 1
for fixation of engine Type 912
47
48
877930
877840
49
976140
50
976210
51
976995
52
242660
53
54
876470
876518
55
877660
trestle support assy. ..............................................
hose clamp pliers ...................................................
for spring band hose clip 28
dial gauge adapter assy. .......................................
for checking valve seating
measuring tool .......................................................
measuring fixture for checking valve springs
check weight ..........................................................
check weight for checking valve springs
distance nut M8x33 ...............................................
locking device for vacuum pump drive sleeve
ring spanner a/f 10/13 ...........................................
insertion jig.............................................................
for oil seal 40x55x7, gear cover
puller assy., ...........................................................
for gearbox
extractor assy., .......................................................
for propeller shaft, roller bearing 25x52x15
and oil seal 30x52x7
pull-in spindle M24x1.5 .........................................
handle lever 12x250 ..............................................
56- 57 877615
877580
276155
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Z
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
d04774
57
58
graduated straightedge assy..................................
for checking the plain bearing projection
precision dial gauge ...............................................
dial gauge adapter assy., ......................................
aligning plate .........................................................
cylinder aligning tool..............................................
for alignment of the cylinder
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
00-00-00
page 44
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Fig. No. Part No. Description, application
59
60
842585
941180
61
877600
62
877605
63
877594
64
877590
65
877560
66
242091
67
876885
d04774
68- 71 876489
Number
hex. nut M24x1.5 length 19 .................................... 1
stud M10x45/20 ..................................................... 1
for roller bearing 25x52x15 and oil seal 30x52x7
press-out mushroom ............................................. 1
for propeller shaft F3 and F4
press-out mushroom .............................................. 1
for propeller shaft F2
press-in insert ........................................................ 1
for roller bearing 25x52x15 and oil seal 30x52x7,
for F2
press-in mushroom ................................................ 1
for roller bearing 25x52x15 and oil inlet flange,
for F3
pull-out plate .......................................................... 1
for roller bearing 25x52x15, oil seal 30x52x7
and oil inlet cover
hex. nut M10 ......................................................... 1
for roller bearing 25x52x15, oil seal 30x52x7
and oil feed line cover
mounting yoke ....................................................... 1
to compress dog gear
puller assy., ........................................................... 1
for ball bearing 15x32x8, needle sleeve 22x28x12,
oil inlet flange and oil inlet cover
hex. screw M6x80 ................................................. 1
washer 6.2/18/2 ..................................................... 1
hex. nut M6 ........................................................... 1
press-in mushroom ................................................ 1
for ball bearing 15x32x8, vacuum pump
and governor drive
press-in mushroom ................................................ 1
for needle sleeve 22x28x12, vacuum pump
and governor drive
69
70
71
72
941730
827305
242211
877597
73
877595
n.d.
976380
mono hook circlip - puller ....................................... 1
for piston pin circlip
74
877690
check lever ............................................................ 1
for removal of the rocker arms
75
877190
press-in device ...................................................... 1
for pressing in the rev counter pinion
76
877500
pin release tool ...................................................... 1
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
00-00-00
page 45
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 00-9
1
6
4
2
3
9
8
5
7
10
14
13
11
19
21
15
24
12
16
20
22
17
18
23
25
29
28
26
27
31
30
35
33
33
36
08201
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
34
00-00-00
page 46
October 01/2010
d04774
32
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
38
Fig. 00-10
40
41
37
39
44
43
42
45
47
48
46
49
50
d04774
51
08202
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
00-00-00
page 47
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
52
Fig. 00-11
54
67
53
58
55
57
69
56
68
59
70
71
72
73
60
74
61
62
63
75
64
08203
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
76
d04774
65
66
00-00-00
page 48
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
SECTION 71
POWER PLANT
1) Table of contents
SECTION 71
POWER PLANT
1
3
3
4
5
11
11
11
11
12
15
15
15
17
17
18
18
19
19
19
20
20
22
d02621
1) Table of contents .................................................................................... 71-00-00 /
2) System description ................................................................................. 71-00-00 /
2.1) Description of design ..................................................................... 71-00-00 /
2.2) Type description ............................................................................ 71-00-00 /
2.3) Engine components, engine views, cylinder designation
and description of main axes ........................................................ 71-00-00 /
3) Technical data......................................................................................... 71-00-00 /
3.1) Operating limits ............................................................................. 71-00-00 /
3.2) Operating fluids / Capacity ............................................................ 71-00-00 /
3.3) Weights ......................................................................................... 71-00-00 /
3.4) Engine / Components .................................................................... 71-00-00 /
4) Treatment of corrosion and surface damage .......................................... 71-00-00 /
4.1) Propeller shaft ............................................................................... 71-00-00 /
4.2 Electric system .............................................................................. 71-00-00 /
5) Preservation and returning to service .................................................... 71-00-00 /
5.1) Storage and preservation directives for a new engine .................. 71-00-00 /
5.2) Preservation of an engine which has been in operation ............... 71-00-00 /
5.3) Returning the engine to service .................................................... 71-00-00 /
6) Maintenance ........................................................................................... 71-00-00 /
6.1) Engine suspension frame .............................................................. 71-00-00 /
6.1.1) Engine suspension frame disassembly ................................ 71-00-00 /
6.1.2) Engine suspension frame inspection ................................... 71-00-00 /
6.1.3) Engine suspension frame assembly .................................... 71-00-00 /
6.2) Temperature- and pressure observation ....................................... 71-00-00 /
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
71-00-00
page 1
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02621
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
71-00-00
page 2
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2) System description
2.1)
Description of design
All ROTAX engines of the 912/914 Series consist of several main components
and additional aggregates which are described in the following sections.
On the 912 Series: 4-cylinder horizontally opposed 4 stroke engine with a
central camshaft pushrods OHV.
On the 914 Series: 4-cylinder horizontally opposed 4 stroke engine with turbocharger and electronic control of boost pressure control
(TCU = turbocharge control unit) and a central camshaft push-rods OHV
Liquid cooled cylinder heads
Ram air cooled cylinders
Dry sump forced lubrication
Dual breakerless capacitor discharge ignition
2 constant depression carburetors
On the 912 Series: 1 mechanical fuel pump
On the 914 Series: 2 electric fuel pumps (12V DC)
Propeller drive via reduction gearbox with integrated mechanical shock absorber and overload clutch
◆ NOTE:
The overload clutch is fitted in serial production on both
certified aircraft and uncertified aircraft engines of
configuration 3.
On the 914 Series: Stainless steel exhaust system
On the 912 Series: Individual parts of the exhaust system (optional),
usually fitted by aircraft manufacturer
On the 912 Series: engine suspension frame, optional
On the 914 Series: engine suspension frame in serial production
Electric starter (12 V 0,6 kW / optional: 12 V 0.9 kW )
Integrated AC generator with ext. rectifier-regulator (12V 20A DC)
External alternator (12V 40A DC), optional
Vacuum pump: (only possible for Type 2 and Type 4), optional
d02621
Hydraulic constant speed propeller governor: (only for Type 3), optional
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
71-00-00
page 3
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2.2)
Type description
e.g. ROTAX 914 F 2
◆ NOTE:
The type description is composed as follows:
Type:
Suffix
Ausführung
(configuration)
02091
914 4-cylinder horizontally opposed turbo engine
Certification: F
Series
Zulassung
(certification)
Type
(type)
ROTAX
certified in accordance with FAR/ JAR-E (TW10 - ACG)
UL
noncertified aircraft engines
2:
Propeller shaft with flange for fixed pitch propeller
3:
Propeller shaft with flange for variable pitch propeller and
drive for hydraulic controlled constant speed propeller
governor.
4:
Propeller shaft with flange for fixed pitch propeller but
prepared for retro-fitting of hydraulic controlled constant
speed propeller.
The propeller flange and hub are the same on all three gearbox
versions.
◆ NOTE:
For the exact type description, see the latest Operators Manual
for your specific engine.
d02621
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
71-00-00
page 4
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2.3)
Engine components, engine views, cylinder designation and description of main axes
See Figs. 71-1 to 71-4 for engines of the 912 Series
See Figs. 71-5 to 71-9 for engines of the 914 Series
AS power take off side
MS magneto side
A
points of attachment (for engine transport)
P
center of gravity
zero reference point for all dimensions
◆ NOTE:
Allow ±1 mm (0.04 in.) on all stated dimensions as manufacturing tolerance
axes for system of coordinates
Cyl. 1
cylinder 1
Cyl. 3
cylinder 3
Cyl. 2
cylinder 2
Cyl. 4
cylinder 4
d02621
x,y,z
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
71-00-00
page 5
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
912 Series
Fig. 71-1
4
+z
A
7
+x
AS
P
+z1
-x
MS
+x1
2
1
-x1
15
3
-z1
6
-z
21
Side view Cyl. 2-4
10
00502
13
Engine number
Propeller flange
Propeller gearbox
Vacuum pump or hydraulically controlled
constant speed propeller governor
(5) Intake manifold
(6) Ignition housing
(7) Constant depression carburetor
(8) Airbox (optional)
(9) Engine suspension frame (optional)
(10) Coolant pump
(11) Expansion tank
(12) Oil pump
(13)
(14)
(15)
(16)
(17)
(18)
(19)
(20)
(21)
(22)
(23)
(24)
(25)
Connection for oil return line (engine)
Oil filter
Electric starter
Electronic module
Compensation tube
Oil pressure sensor
Oil temperature sensor
2x sensor for cylinder head temperature
Connection for mechanical
rev counter
Oil tank
External alternator
Magnetic plug
Fuel pump
d02621
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
71-00-00
page 6
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
17
912 Series
+z
Fig. 71-2
25
P
+y
-y
+z1
+y1
-y1
24
-z1
20
14
18
00503
Front view
-z
19
12
Fig. 71-4
912 Series
22
Fig. 71-3
8
9
11
00124
16
5
Cyl. 3
Cyl. 4
Cyl. 2
d02621
Cyl. 1
Top view
23
07902
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
71-00-00
page 7
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
19
914 Series
+z
22
4
3
42
A
AS
MS
+x
P
+z1
+x1
40
34
-x1
24
32
35
-z1
-z
6
7
18
20
00120
21
Fig. 71-5
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)
(12)
(13)
(14)
(15)
(16)
(17)
(18)
(19)
(20)
(21)
(22)
(23)
Engine number
Propeller flange
Propeller gearbox
Vacuum pump or hydraulically controlled
constant speed propeller governor
Intake manifold
Ignition housing
Ignition cover
Constant depression carburetor
Airbox
Engine suspension frame
Stainless steel exhaust system
Turbocharger
Electronic turbo control unit (TCU)
Fuel pressure regulator
Servo motor
Bowden cable
Wiring harness
Coolant pump
Expansion tank
2 separate oil pumps
Connection for oil return line (engine)
Connection for oil return line (turbo)
Oil filter
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
10
(24)
(25)
(26)
(27)
(28)
(29)
(30)
(31)
(32)
(33)
(34)
(35)
(36)
(37)
(38)
(39)
(40)
(41)
(42)
Electric starter
Electronic module
Compensation tube
Connection for boost pressure display
Oil pressure sensor
Oil temperature sensor
2x sensor for cylinder head temperature
2x pressure sensor
Connection for mechanical rev counter
Connection for additional temperature
sensor (Airbox)
Drip tray
Condensation water trap
(only on older engine versions)
Solenoid valve
2x electric fuel pump
Oil tank
External alternator
Magnetic plug
Connection for additional
temperature sensor
Carburetor
71-00-00
page 8
May 01/2007
d02621
Side view Cyl. 2-4
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
914 Series
26
Fig. 71-6
+z
31
P
-y
+y
+z1
-y1
+y1
-z1
30
40
15
17
11
13
29
Front view
22
12
16
-z
914 Series
14
00121
33
-x
41
31
37
9
Fig. 71-7
36
25
5
30
1
5
-x1
-y1
Cyl. 4
+y1
Cyl. 3
A
+x1
00123
Fig. 71-8
27
A
Cyl. 2
Cyl. 1
Fig. 71-9
19
23
00122
39
d02621
28
Top view
-y
+y
P
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
+x
38
00124
71-00-00
page 9
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02621
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
71-00-00
page 10
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3) Technical data
■ CAUTION:
3.1)
The technical data relevant for engine operation are listed in detail in the
respective Operators Manual and must be observed.
Operating limits
See latest version of valid Operators Manual for the engine in question 912 Series
or 914 Series, ¨Operating instructions“.
3.2)
Operating fluids / Capacity
See latest version of valid Operators Manual for the engine in question 912 Series
or 914 Series, ¨Operating fluids“.
3.3)
Weights
d02621
See latest version of valid Operators Manual for the engine in question 912 Series
or 914 Series, ¨Technical data“.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
71-00-00
page 11
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.4)
Engine / Components
DESIGN:
4-cylinder horizontally opposed 4-stroke-engine
BORE:
79.5 mm (3.13 in.)
STROKE:
61.0mm (2.40in.)
DISPLACEMENT:
1211.2 cm³ 1) 3) 1352 cm³
CYLINDER:
Lightweight metal cylinder with Nikasil coated
running surface
PISTON:
Lightweight cast metal piston with 3 piston rings
CYLINDER HEAD:
4 individual cylinder heads
COMPRESSION:
9:1
INTAKE VALVE:
38 mm (1.49 in.), valve seat surface hardened
EXHAUST VALVE:
32 mm (1.26 in.) NIMONIC, armor welding at
valve seat
automatic compensation of clearance by hydraulic
valve tappets
VALVE CLEARANCE:
1) 3)
11.1 : 1
1) 3)
84 mm (3.31 in.)
2)
2)
2)
VALVE TRAIN:
OHV, hydraulic valve tappets, pushrods and rocker
arms
CAMSHAFT:
steel, annealed, liquid nitriding
CONTROL TIME:
(at 1 mm valve stroke):
1) 3)
lo. 0° T.D.C.
Ic. 48° after B.D.C.
2)
Io. 2° before T.D.C. Oo. 48° before B.D.C.
Ic. 48° after B.D.C.
Oc. 2° after T.D.C.
Oo. 48° before B.D.C.
Oc. 0° T.D.C.
CRANKSHAFT:
supported in 5 plain bearings, case hardened
COOLING:
liquid cooled cylinder heads, ram air cooled cylinders
LUBRICATION:
1) Main oil pump circuit:
Dry sump forced lubrication system, trochoid pump
driven by the camshaft, oil return by the blow-by
gases
2) Suction pump circuit:3)
Extra trochoid pump driven by the camshaft returns
oil from the lower oil sump of the turbocharger to
the oil tank
OIL DELIVERY RATE: 1) Main oil pump:
approx. 16 l/min. at 5500 rpm
1)
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
2) Suction pump circuit: 3)
approx. 4 l/min. at 5500 rpm
d04775
912 A, F, UL
912 S, ULS, ULSFR
3)
914 F, UL
2)
71-00-00
page 12
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
IGNITION UNIT:
ROTAX DCDI, interference suppressed
IGNITION POINT:
without advanced start
electronic module with
advanced start
4° Before T.D.C.
3° After T.D.C.
4° Before T.D.C.
3° After T.D.C.
time delay for ignition at start:
none
3 - 8 sec.
switching to advanced ignition:
from 650 to 1000 RPM
depending on trigger gap
after the expiration of
the time delay (3-8 sec.)
ignition timing in normal operation:
Circle A: 26° before T.D.C.
1) 2)
Circle B: 26° before T.D.C.
3)
Circle B: 22° before T.D.C.
Differences between electronic module
part no. 966726 and part no. 966727:
fly wheel hub
ignition point at start
966871
966872
Circle A: 26° before T.D.C.
Circle B: 26° before T.D.C. 1) 2)
3)
Circle B: 22° before T.D.C.
06301
FIRING ORDER:
1- 4 - 2 - 3
SPARK PLUGS:
12 mm (0.47 in.), DCPR7 1), DCPR8 2), X27EPR-U9 3)
ELECTRODE GAP:
see Fig. 74-6 and dimension (SPO1) in 74-00-00
INTEGRATED
ALTERNATOR:
RECTIFIERREGULATOR:
EXTERNAL
ALTERNATOR:
(optional)
Permanent magnet-singlephase alternator
(approx. 250 W AC)
12 V 20 A DC
12 V 40 A DC with full-wave rectifier-regulator
CARBURETOR:
2x Bing-constant depression carburetors 32 mm,
Type 64
FUEL PUMP:
2 electric fuel pumps 3)
1 mechanically driven fuel pump 1) 2)
STARTER:
electric starter, 12 V/0.6 kW, optionally 0.9 kW
PROPELLER
GEARBOX:
integrated spur gear with torsional shock absorbing,
overload clutch, on UL optionally without overload
clutch
d05736
GEAR TRANSMISSION:
2.27 1), 2.43 2) 3)
1)
912 A, F, UL
912 S, ULS, ULSFR
3)
914 F, UL
2)
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
71-00-00
page 13
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
DIRECTION OF
ROTATION:
counterclockwise, seen from the front in the direction of the propeller flange
OVERLOAD CLUTCH: multi-disk clutch
VACUUM PUMP
(optional):
drive via the gearbox
PROPELLER PITCH drive via the gearbox
GOVERNOR (optional):
TURBOCHARGER:
Exhaust gas turbine with wastegate, radial-flow compressor T25 3)
TURBOCHARGER
electronic, proportional plus integral plus derivative
CONTROL UNIT (TCU):regulator with 2 external indicating lamps 3)
912 A: in acc. with JAR 22
912 F: in acc. with FAR 33
912 S: in acc. with FAR 33 and JAR-E
914 F: in acc. with FAR 33 and JAR-E
CERTIFICATION
912 A: EASA.E.121, E00051 EN
912 F: EASA.E.121, E00051 EN
912 S: EASA.E.121, E00051 EN
914 F: EASA.E.122, E00058 EN
d04775
CERTIFICATION:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
71-00-00
page 14
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
4) Treatment of corrosion and surface damage
In the case of long standstill times, a rust film may form on various metal parts. Severely
or heavily corroded screws, nuts, washers, bearings, bushes etc., must be replaced.
4.1)
Propeller shaft
The flange should be lightly greased to prevent surface rust forming,
see 72-00-00 / sec. 3.9.10.
4.2
Electric system
d02621
See 74-00-00 / sec. 3.1.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
71-00-00
page 15
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02621
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
71-00-00
page 16
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
5) Preservation and returning to service
5.1)
Storage and preservation directives for a new engine
The engine is preserved at BRP-Powertrain thus guaranteeing proper protection
against corrosion damage for at least 12 months after the date of delivery from
BRP-Powertrain.
This warranty confirmation is subject to the following conditions:
-
The engine must be stored in the original packing as supplied by BRP-Rotax.
-
The protective covers must not be removed.
-
The engine must be stored in a suitable place (closed area, clean and dry).
If the engine is stored longer than 12 months, the following inspections must be
carried out every 3 months:
-
Remove one spark plug on each cylinder and turn crankshaft by hand 2 full
turns. Refit spark plug.
-
Visual inspection for corrosion (e.g. on propeller shaft). If corrosion is detected,
the engine must be sent immediately to an authorized overhaul facility for
inspection.
▲ WARNING: The engine must not be taken into operation.
◆ NOTE:
The maximum possible storage period of the engine is limited to
24 months.
If this storage period is exceeded, inspect following steel components for
corrosion:
-
camshaft, crankshaft, gear set and propeller shaft
d05736
If corrosion is detected, the engine must be sent immediately to an authorized
overhaul facility for inspection.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
71-00-00
page 17
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
5.2)
Preservation of an engine which has been in operation
Due to the special coating of the cylinder wall, the ROTAX aircraft engine
normally needs no extra protection against corrosion.
■ CAUTION: Maximum storage period 12 months if the listed precautions are
taken!
– Oil change see latest issue Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the
respective engine type, 912 Series or 914 Series.
– On the ROTAX 912 Series: Run the engine to allow it to warm up, leave it
running at increased idle speed, remove the air filters and inject approx. 30
cm3 of preservation oil into the carburetors, shut down the engine.
– On the ROTAX 914 Series: Remove the top spark plugs from all four
cylinders and spray preservation oil into the cylinders through the spark plug
bores.
Turn the crankshaft several times.
Fit spark plugs and spark plug connectors.
– Drain carburetor float chambers.
– Apply engine oil to all linkages on carburetors.
– Close all openings on the cold engine, such as the exhaust pipe, venting tube
and air filter intake against entry of dirt and humidity.
– Spray all external engine steel parts with preservation oil.
– In the event of longer out of service periods repeat the whole preservation
procedure annually.
5.3)
Returning the engine to service
– Remove all plugs and fasteners.
– Clean spark plugs with solvent and a plastic brush.
– If preservation including oil change took place not longer than a year ago,
oil replacement will not be necessary.
– Complete 100 hour inspection if engine has been out of service for more than
one year.
d04775
▲ WARNING: Work on the engine may only be carried out and approved by
authorized persons. See the latest issue Maintenance Manual
(Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or
914 Series.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
71-00-00
page 18
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
6) Maintenance
The following sections describe maintenance procedure for engines of the 912/914
Series above and beyond the maintenance and special checks, see latest issue
Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or
914 Series, and the systems descriptions given hitherto. The description is divided into
subsections and descriptions of the function of the various systems.
6.1)
Engine suspension frame
6.1.1)
Engine suspension frame disassembly
See Figs. 71-10 and 71-11.
▲ WARNING: Perform tasks only on the cold engine. Danger of
burns!
◆ NOTE:
Prior to detachment of the engine suspension frame
(1), remove the water pump housing (2), as the
coolant sockets, which protrude outwards, would
hinder removal of the engine suspension frame.
See 75-00-00 sec. 3.
After removal of the two allen screws M10x110 (3) and M10x35 (4)
together with the lock washers, the engine suspension frame can be
taken off.
On engines of the 914 Series, it will also be necessary
to remove the muffler and the turbocharger.
See 78-00-00 sec. 3.
d02621
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
71-00-00
page 19
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
6.1.2)
Engine suspension frame inspection
See Fig. 71-11
–
6.1.3)
All components must be subjected to a visual inspection.
■ CAUTION:
If the engine is fitted with engine suspension frame part
no. 886567, inspection in accordance with SB-912-028
or SB-914-016,“Checking or replacement of engine
suspension frame“, latest issue must be performed.
◆ NOTE:
A detailed visual inspection of the engine suspension
frame in the area of all welded joints between the
circular pipe (1) and the struts (6).
◆ NOTE:
If necessary, the engine may be flown to a repair facility
as long as not more than 50% of the tube or the strut
are severed. If they are completely severed, they must
be replaced immediately.
Engine suspension frame assembly
See Figs. 71-10 and 71-11.
Screw the engine suspension frame (1) to the engine housing with the
lock washers and the allen screw M10x110 (3) and M10x35 (4),
tightening to 40 Nm (29.5 ft.lb) in each case.
◆ NOTE:
Ensure that the engine suspension frame is attached
free of stress. If necessary, fit the shims as needed (5).
◆ NOTE:
The allen screws (4) must be of strength 10.9. See SI25-1997,“Running modifications“, latest issue.
d04775
– On engines of the 914 Series, reattach the muffler and the
turbocharger. See 78-00-00 sec. 3.5.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
71-00-00
page 20
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 71-10
1
3
00164
Fig. 71-11
2
5
6
6
5
6
5
5
*
4
6
1
d02621
03080
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
71-00-00
page 21
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
6.2)
Temperature- and pressure observation
Engines of the 912 Series and 914 Series are equipped with two temperature control points on the cylinder heads for the coolant, one temperature
control point for the oil temperature and a pressure control point for the oil
pressure.
d02621
On engines of the 914 Series: The engine is also equipped with control
points for measurement of the airbox pressure, airbox temperature and the
ambient pressure.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
71-00-00
page 22
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
SECTION 72
ENGINE
1) Table of contents
SECTION 72
ENGINE
d04776
1) Table of contents .................................................................................... 72-00-00 / 1
2) Systems description ................................................................................. 72-00-00 / 5
2.1) Propeller gearbox .......................................................................... 72-00-00 / 5
2.1.1) Gearbox version ................................................................... 72-00-00 / 5
2.2) Hydraulic governor ........................................................................ 72-00-00 / 7
2.3) Vacuum pump ............................................................................... 72-00-00 / 8
2.4) Connections for instrumentation ................................................... 72-00-00 / 8
2.4.1) Mechanical rev counter and hourmeter (optional) ................ 72-00-00 / 8
3) Maintenance ........................................................................................... 72-00-00 / 9
3.1) Vacuum pump removal and inspection ......................................... 72-00-00 / 9
3.2) Governor removal and inspection ................................................. 72-00-00 / 10
3.3) Removal of the fly wheel hub ........................................................ 72-00-00 / 10
3.4) Ignition housing removal and inspection ...................................... 72-00-00 / 11
3.5) Ignition housing fitting .................................................................. 72-00-00 / 14
3.6) Sprag clutch .................................................................................. 72-00-00 / 15
3.6.1) Sprag clutch removal ........................................................... 72-00-00 / 16
3.6.2) Sprag clutch dismantling...................................................... 72-00-00 / 17
3.6.3) Sprag clutch installation ....................................................... 72-00-00 / 18
3.7) Reduction gear for electric starter ................................................. 72-00-00 / 20
3.8) Rev counter drive .......................................................................... 72-00-00 / 21
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
72-00-00
page 1
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d04351
3.9) Propeller gearbox.......................................................................... 72-00-00 / 22
3.9.1) Removal of roller bearing for - Series 2 ................................ 72-00-00 / 24
3.9.2) Removal of roller bearing for - Series 3 ................................ 72-00-00 / 26
3.9.3) Removal of roller bearing for - Series 4 ................................ 72-00-00 / 27
3.9.4) Propeller gearbox disassembly ............................................ 72-00-00 / 28
3.9.5) Propeller shaft removal........................................................ 72-00-00 / 30
3.9.6) Vacuum pump drive removal ............................................... 72-00-00 / 32
3.9.7) Propeller governor drive removal .......................................... 72-00-00 / 33
3.9.8) Drive of the propeller governor installation .......................... 72-00-00 / 35
3.9.9) Vacuum pump drive installation ............................................ 72-00-00 / 38
3.9.10) Gearbox components inspection .......................................... 72-00-00 / 39
3.9.11) Toothed shaft profiles´inspection .......................................... 72-00-00 / 43
3.9.12) Gear set (gear wheels) inspection ........................................ 72-00-00 / 44
3.9.13) Propeller gearbox reassembly ............................................. 72-00-00 / 49
3.9.14) Disc spring pre-tension adjustment (with overload clutch) ... 72-00-00 / 51
3.9.15) Disc spring pre-tension adjustment (with dog hub)............... 72-00-00 / 51
3.9.16) Propeller gearbox — installation ........................................... 72-00-00 / 53
3.10) Cylinder head — removal .............................................................. 72-00-00 / 55
3.11) Cylinder head - disassembly ......................................................... 72-00-00 / 57
3.11.1) Cylinder head and studs ....................................................... 72-00-00 / 59
3.11.2) Reworking of the sealing surface to the exhaust manifold .... 72-00-00 / 61
3.11.3) Valve guides ......................................................................... 72-00-00 / 62
3.11.4) Valve seats ........................................................................... 72-00-00 / 63
3.11.5) Valves ................................................................................... 72-00-00 / 64
3.11.6) Valve springs ........................................................................ 72-00-00 / 67
3.11.7) Washers................................................................................ 72-00-00 / 69
3.11.8) Rocker arm and rocker arm shaft ........................................ 72-00-00 / 70
3.11.8.1) Rocker arm with plastic bushing ............................ 72-00-00 / 71
3.11.8.2) Rocker arm with pressed sinter bushing ............... 72-00-00 / 72
3.11.8.3) Rocker arm shaft................................................... 72-00-00 / 72
3.12) Cylinder head reassembly ............................................................ 72-00-00 / 73
3.13) Cylinder and piston - removal ....................................................... 72-00-00 / 75
3.13.1) Checking pistons .................................................................. 72-00-00 / 77
3.13.2) Checking the piston ring ....................................................... 72-00-00 / 79
3.13.3) Piston pin .............................................................................. 72-00-00 / 80
3.13.4) Cylinders inspection ............................................................. 72-00-00 / 81
3.14) Hydraulic valve tappets ................................................................. 72-00-00 / 83
3.15) Pushrods ....................................................................................... 72-00-00 / 85
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
72-00-00
page 2
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d04351
3.16) Piston and cylinder assembly fitting ............................................. 72-00-00 / 86
3.16.1) Hydraulic valve tappets fitting .............................................. 72-00-00 / 86
3.16.2) Pistons fitting ....................................................................... 72-00-00 / 86
3.16.3) Cylinders fitting .................................................................... 72-00-00 / 90
3.16.4) Cylinder head fitting ............................................................. 72-00-00 / 92
3.17) Intake manifold and compensation tube assembly ...................... 72-00-00 / 95
3.18) Crankshaft inspection................................................................... 72-00-00 / 95
4) Wear limits .............................................................................................. 72-00-00 / 97
5) Form Sheets ........................................................................................... 72-00-00 / 117
5.1) Form sheet for material testing ROTAX 912/914 Series ............... 72-00-00 / 117
5.1.1) Inspection on cracks ............................................................. 72-00-00 / 117
5.1.2) Hardness test ....................................................................... 72-00-00 / 117
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
72-00-00
page 3
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02622
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 4
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2) Systems description
2.1)
Propeller gearbox
See Fig. 72 -1
Transmission gear ratio crankshaft: propeller shaft 2.43 : 1 2), 3), 4) ; 2.27 : 1
1)
The propeller shaft is driven by the crankshaft via a straight toothed spur gear
(1).
The propeller gearbox incorporates a torsional shock absorbing device. This
consists of a torsional shock absorber with dogs (2) and axial springloading by
means of disc springs (3).
The design also includes a friction damped free rotation at the dogs to ensure
smooth engine idling. Due to this free rotation, a distinct torsional impact arises
at engine start and stop and in the event of sudden load changes, but due to the
integrated overload clutch it will remain harmless.
◆ NOTE:
This overload clutch (4) will also prevent any undue load on the
crankshaft in the event of the propeller having ground contact.
◆ NOTE:
The overload clutch is fitted in serial production on both certified
aircraft and uncertified aircraft engines of configuration 3.
2.1.1)
Gearbox version
See Fig. 72 -1
There are 3 gearbox configurations for the 912/914 Series. See 71-00-00
sec. 2.2
d02622
1)
912 A, F, UL
912 S, ULS, ULSFR
3)
914 F, UL
4)
912 A, F, UL - optional
2)
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 5
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 72-1
1
3
4
2
08204
d02622
Configuration 3
with overload clutch
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 6
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2.2)
Hydraulic governor
See Fig. 72 -2
◆ NOTE:
Not included in the range of delivery.
A hydraulic governor can be fitted on engines of the 912/914 Series configuration 3 to control a hydraulic constant speed propeller. Engines of the 912/
914 Series configurations 2 and 4 can be retrofitted for this purpose.
i.e., the drive for the governor in the propeller gearbox and the crankcase,
its connection cable and the oil feed line to the propeller shaft must be retrofitted.
– On configuration 912/914 - 2, the hollow propeller shaft must also be
exchanged for the correct one.
– On configuration 912/914 - 4, the propeller shaft can remain. It is the same
design as for configuration 912/914 - 3, with the exception that the inside bore
is plugged. After removal of the plug cover the propeller shaft is suitable for
use with a governor.
Gear ratio (i)
crankshaft : propeller shaft
propeller shaft : governor
Total
* optional 2.429 possible
912 A/F/UL
50 : 22
2.273*
22 : 29
0.759
1.722
912 S/ULS/ULSFR
914 Series
51 : 21
2.429
22 : 29
0.759
1.842
08218
Fig. 72-2
◆ NOTE:
Installation of both the hydraulic governor and vacuum pump is
not possible.
◆ NOTE:
The gear ratio crankshaft to vacuum pump or propeller governor
is 1.722 or 1.842, depending on engine type.
d02622
Direction of rotation of the governor ........................... counterclockwise
(CC), looking from the magneto side above onto the governor flange.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 7
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
2.3)
Vacuum pump
It is possible to install a vacuum pump for employment of an inertial navigation
system. To do this, the drive kit for the vacuum pump must be retrofitted on
propeller gearbox and crankcase.
◆ NOTE:
Gear ratio:
2.4)
Installation of both the vacuum pump and hydraulic governor is
not possible.
Vacuum pump and hydraulic governor are driven the same way
and therefore have an equivalent gear ratio. See hydraulic
governor.
Connections for instrumentation
■ CAUTION:
2.4.1)
Consult also the relevant section on connections for instrumentation in the Installation Manual.
Mechanical rev counter and hourmeter (optional)
These are driven from the camshaft via a bevel gear to the rev counter
shaft. A flexible shaft allows connection of a combined instrument, rev
counter or hourmeter. Subsequent installation of a flex. rev counter
shaft is possible after removal of the rev counter cover on the ignition
housing. On engines produced from the year 2007 onwards, it is also
necessary to replace the ignition cover and press the worm gear into
the camshaft using the tool with part no. 877190.
For connection of a rev counter, see 71-00-00 sec. 2.3 item no. 21 (on
912 Series) or item no. 32 (on 914 Series).
The total transmission ratio from crankshaft to rev counter shaft i = 4
As the mechanical hourmeter is directly coupled to the
engine speed, the readings may deviate considerably
from those given by electronic hourmeters (e.g. TCU,
FlyDat). Maintenance and overhaul intervals are always dictated by the operation period.
d05737
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
72-00-00
page 8
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3) Maintenance
The following sections describe maintenance procedure for engines of the 912/914
Series above and beyond the maintenance and special checks, see latest issue
Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or
914 Series, and the systems descriptions given hitherto. The description is divided into
subsections and descriptions of the function of the various systems.
3.1)
Vacuum pump removal and inspection
See Fig. 72-3.
■ CAUTION : Observe the vacuum pump manufacturers specifications for
maintenance, inspection and repairs!
Unscrew the 4 hex. nuts (1) M6 and remove the lock washers. Remove the
vacuum pump (2) from the crankcase (4) together with the gasket and the
retaining flange (3).
1
4
3
2
Fig. 72-3
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00251
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Edition 1 / Rev. 3
72-00-00
page 9
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.2)
Governor removal and inspection
See Fig. 72-34 in 72-00-00.
■ CAUTION : Observe the governor manufacturers specifications for maintenance and repairs!
Unscrew the 3 allen screws (16) M8x40 and the 1 allen screw (17) M8x35 and
remove together with the lock washers. Remove the governor with the gasket.
◆ NOTE:
3.3)
The screwing can be different depending on the type of governor. See SB-912-052 and/or SB-914-035, “ Installation / Use of
governor“, latest issue.
Removal of the fly wheel hub
See Fig. 72-4
Remove hex. screw M16x1.5 (1). Place protection piece part no. 877410 on the
crankshaft, screw puller part no. 877375 down fully and press off the fly wheel
hub (2) with the hex. screw.
Fig. 72-4
1
2
d04776
00344
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
72-00-00
page 10
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.4)
Ignition housing removal and inspection
See Figs. 72-5, 72-6, 72-7 and 72-8.
Cut the tie wraps and remove the cable clamp from the electronic module.
Detach the plug connections of the two pickup cables and the plug connections
of the charging cable. Detach both plug connectors of the alternator cable and
the control wiring for the electronic rev counter. See 74-00-00 sec. 3.15.
Decide whether the stator may remain in the ignition housing. Otherwise remove
the cable clamps and remove the stator.
Remove the woodruff key (1) from the crankshaft.
■ CAUTION:
Cover the groove for the woodruff key (1) with a protective tape
to avoid damage to the oil seal, see Fig. 72-3.
Remove the electric starter. See 80-00-00 sec. 3.1.
Remove the 7 allen screws M6 from the ignition cover on the bottom side of the
ignition cover from the crankcase. A smart blow with a mallet will separate the
ignition cover (3) from the crankcase so that it can be taken off.
Remove the O-ring (2).
◆ NOTE:
The crankshaft bearings in the ignition housing are lubricated
via the oil duct (4). The oil duct at the joining face between the
crankcase and the ignition housing is sealed by the O-ring (2)
5x2.
◆ NOTE:
The thrust washer of the intermediate starter gear may be stuck
on the rear side of the ignition housing.
Fig. 72-5
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1
00379
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 11
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 72-6
3
4
3
2
00381
00382
Carry out a visual inspection of the sealing surfaces.
Clean oil duct (10) with compressed air and check for free passage. Measure
the bearing bore Ø32 (1.26“) mm of the bearing bushing (11) (dimension
(IH01)) for the crankshaft bearing (dimension (CS05)) and determine the
clearance. See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
The bearing bushing (11) can not be replaced, as the internal bore and the
lubricating bore (10) are machined after pressing in the bushing, if the bearing
bushing (11) is worn, the complete ignition cover with pressed-in and machined
bushing must be replaced.
Check the shaft seal (13) 32x52x7 for the crankshaft, if necessary, press new
shaft seal into the block with an insertion jig, part no. 877270.
Check whether oil or water emerge from the outside of the leakage bore (14).
Check the rotary seal (15) for the water pump sealing. If liquid is leaking, replace
the rotary seal and the shaft seal (16).
Carry out a visual inspection of the bearing (17) for the electric starter.
Fig. 72-8 item 18 is the drive shaft for the mechanical rev
counter.
d04776
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
72-00-00
page 12
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
magnetseitig /
magneto side
CS05
IH01
Fig. 72-7
Fig. 72-8
10
00084
17
13
16
15
d02622
18
11
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
14
00383
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BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.5)
Ignition housing fitting
See Fig. 72-9.
Install the intermediate gear. See 72-00-00 sec. 3.7.
■ CAUTION:
If the mounting sleeve, part no. 877360, is not used, the oil seal
will be damaged by the sharp edge of the keyway in the
crankshaft.
Place O-ring 5x2 into the crankcase and fit mounting sleeve, part no. 877360, for
oil seal onto the crankshaft.
Apply LOCTITE 518 or 5910 surface sealing compound to the sealing surface
(6) of the pre-assembled ignition cover, apply multi-purpose grease LZ or
equivalent grease to the oil seal (7), fit it and turn the water pump shaft to engage
it in the geartooth system. Tighten ignition cover with 7 allen screws M6x30 (8)
and lock washers evenly to 10 Nm (90 in.lb.).
◆ NOTE:
Allen screw (9) M6x30 extends into the oil compartment and
must therefore be sealed with LOCTITE 243.
◆ NOTE:
Fig. 72-9 item 10 is the drive shaft for the mechanical rev counter.
◆ NOTE:
For fly wheel installation see 74-00-00 sec. 3.20.
Fig. 72-9
6
7
10
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9
06302
8
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72-00-00
page 14
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.6)
Sprag clutch
See Figs. 72-10 and 72-12.
After removing the fly wheel hub and the ignition housing, see 72-00-00 sec. 3.1
and 72-00-00 sec. 3.4, measure the axial clearance (ES10) of the free wheel
gear (6).
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
◆ NOTE:
If there is no or too little axial clearance, the sprag clutch may not
disengage and the electric starter may be damaged.
Fig. 72-10
ES10 dim.
Maß
6
d02622
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page 15
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.6.1)
Sprag clutch removal
See Fig. 72-11.
Lock the crankshaft. See the latest issue Maintenance Manual (Line
Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or 914 Series.
Pull out the intermediate gear shaft (1) and remove the intermediate
starter gear (2) with the thrust washers 12.5/21.5/1 (3) on both sides
of the intermediate gear.
■ CAUTION : Use of impact wrench is not permitted, lock nut (4) must
be heated.
Use a hot air gun to heat up hex. nut (4) M34x1.5 to about 100 to
120 °C (212 to 248 °F). Unscrew the hex. nut (4) M34x1.5 from the
crankshaft using socket wrench a/f 46, part no. 877450.
◆ NOTE:
The hex. nut (4) has a lefthanded thread!
Insert protection piece, part no. 877410, into the crankshaft and remove
the sprag clutch housing (5) from the crankshaft with puller, part no.
877375.
The free wheel gear (6), the pump gear (10) pressed onto the camshaft
and the timing gear (8) underneath it can be removed only after splitting
the crankcase.
◆ NOTE:
The mechanical rev counter is driven via the worm gear
(7) pressed into the camshaft.
◆ NOTE:
The worm gear (7) is optional on newer engine versions.
Fig. 72-11
7
8
10
9
4
5
1
3
2
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Maintenance Manual
3.6.2)
Sprag clutch dismantling
See Figs. 72-12 and 72-13.
Carry out a visual inspection to check whether oil sludge has been
deposited in the sprag clutch housing (5) and in in the lock (16). For
inspection/cleaning purposes, remove the circlip (14). Compress the
circlip (19) in the sprag clutch (17) slightly with circlip pliers and twist the
sprag unit out of the sprag clutch housing. Clean all parts thoroughly.
The circumferential helical spring (15) must not be loose or distorted to
a wavy form. Replace sprag clutch as required.
The cams (16) of the sprag clutch must move freely and the surface
must be free of damage. Inspect the engaging surfaces of the sprag
clutch in the sprag clutch housing.
If wear can be measured on the internal contact surfaces of the sprag
clutch housing, the affected parts must be replaced. Check the tapered
surface (18). Check the geartooth system (12), the engaging surface
of the sprag clutch (11) on the free wheel gear and the bearing bushing
(13).
Fig. 72-12
13
14
17
5
6
18
15
16
00237
11
12
Fig. 72-13
19
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BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.6.3)
Sprag clutch installation
See Figs. 72-10, 72-11, 72-12, 72-13, 72-14 and 72-15.
Place the sprag clutch into the sprag clutch housing so that the circlip
(19) is visible. To fit the circlip, compress it slightly using circlip pliers and
ensure that clip remains in position and engages fully on the catches in
the sprag unit (20).
■ CAUTION : The circlip must be fitted as shown in Fig. 72-15.
Otherwise, it may not fit tightly.
Fit the circlip (14) with the sloping edge pointing towards the sprag
clutch.
■ CAUTION : If there is a circlip 68 (14) part no. 845420 still fitted, it
must be replaced with a circlip 70 part no. 845245.
◆ NOTE:
Circlip 68 and circlip 70 can be distinguished by the
different outside dimension before they are installed.
See Fig. 72-15.
Lock the crankshaft. Degrease taper and threads of the crankshaft and
taper of the sprag clutch housing.
■ CAUTION : Approx. 2 - 3 mm (0.079 - 0.12 in.) on the bottom side
of the sprag clutch housing must be kept free of
LOCTITE 603. If this instruction is not observed, the
bearing bushing and the free wheel gear can adhere to
the crankshaft, which would cause friction wear on the
sprag clutch.
Coat taper of the sprag clutch housing thinly with LOCTITE 603 and fit
on crankshaft. As you do so, turn the free wheel gear so that the sprag
lobes (16) can be aligned.
◆ NOTE:
When turned to the left, looking towards the magneto
side of the engine, the free wheel gear (6) must engage
in the crankshaft, and when turned to the right, it must
move freely!
d05737
See Fig. 72-14.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
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BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Secure degreased hex. nut M34x1.5 with LOCTITE 603 and tighten to
150 Nm (110.6 ft.lb).
◆ NOTE:
Hex. nut has lefthanded thread!
■ CAUTION : Check axial clearance of free wheel gear, see
Fig. 72-10 and dimension (ES10) in 72-00-00 sec. 4.
im Eingriff /
engaged
frei drehbar /
freely turning
Fig. 72-14
00239
Fig. 72-15
circlip
part no. 845420
1
circlip
part no. 845425
d05737
04695
minimum 70,3 mm
(2.77 in.)
Effectivity 912/914 Series
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minimum 72,3 mm
(2.85 in.)
72-00-00
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February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.7)
Reduction gear for electric starter
See Fig. 72-16.
Place thrust washer (1) 12.5/21.5/1 on the crankcase. Place intermediate gear (2) in position, oil intermediate gear shaft (3) and push into
position. Place thrust washer (4) 12.5/21.5/1 on top.
Check the geartooth system of the intermediate gear (5). If the geartooth system is deformed, the intermediate gear must be replaced.
◆ NOTE:
If the teeth of the intermediate gear are deformed, a
noise will be produced when the engine is started.
■ CAUTION : It is important to ensure that both thrust washer are
correctly positioned on the shaft.
3
Fig. 72-16
4
2
5
1
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.8)
Rev counter drive
See Figs. 72-17, 72-18 and 72-19.
The optional mechanical rev counter (1) is driven via the worm gear pressed into
the camshaft.
◆ NOTE:
On older engine versions without a mechanical rev counter, a
cover plate is fitted in place of the rev counter housing. The
engine can be retrofitted with a rev counter drive by installation
of the drive shaft. See Fig. 72-18.
◆ NOTE:
On new engine versions, the ignition cover must also be replaced
and the worm gear (9) pressed into the camshaft using special
tool, part no. 877190.
Remove allen screw M5x16 (2) and the lock washer, and pull the rev counter
housing (3) along with the O-ring (4) and the rev counter shaft (5) out of the
ignition housing (see 72-00-00 sec. 3.4).
Gear-tooth system (6) and square end (7) of the rev counter shaft must be
inspected for damage. If there is oil leakage, replace the shaft seal (8) 6x11x3
and O-ring (4). Press new shaft seal fully home in the rev counter housing (3)
using punch, part no. 877680.
1
Fig. 72-17
Fig. 72-19
9
00241
00242
6
4
Fig. 72-18
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BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.9)
Propeller gearbox
See Figs. 72-20, 72-20/1 and 72-21.
Before removing the gearbox, it is advisable to check the friction torque. See the
corresponding Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective
engine type, 912 Series or 914 Series.
■ CAUTION : When removing the gearbox, take care not to damage the
bearing seat and the oil seal running surface of the propeller
shaft.
Lock crankshaft. See chapter 12-00-00 of the maintenance manual (line
maintenance) of the corresponding engine type (912 Series or 914 Series).
Remove 8 allen screws (1) M6 and 2 allen screws (2) M8 together with the lock
washers crosswise from the gear cover (3). The gear cover is kept in position
by 2 dowel pins. Screw puller (4), part no. 877660, into the two M8 mounting lugs
(5) of the gear cover (3). Now the complete gearbox can be pulled off with the
slide hammer puller (6) without damaging the ball bearing and the propeller
shaft.
◆ NOTE:
Alternatively the optimized special tool part no. 877540 can be
used to remove the propeller gearbox. See Fig. 72-20/1.
Insert dowel pin 6x20 (7) into the right (8) and left (8) bore of the gearbox housing.
Screw hex. screw M6 x 40 into the release mechanism. Center the release
mechanism (10) and tighten with hex. screw M10x20 (11). Turn left and right hex.
screws (9) evenly to press the gearbox housing off the crankcase.
▲ WARNING: Heated up components - Risk of scalds and burns. Wear safety
gloves!
Use a hot air gun to heat up hex. nut M30x1.5 to about 100 to 120 °C ( 212 to 248
°F).
Release hex. nut M30x1.5 (12) with wrench 41 a/f, part no. 877445 and remove
the drive gear with friction washer (13) from the crankshaft. If required, lever
drive gear gently off with 2 screwdrivers.
◆ NOTE:
Hex. nut has lefthanded thread!
Make sure that both dowel sleeves remain in the crankcase and not in the
gearbox housing.
d05737
■ CAUTION : The gear set has a continuous 6-digit serial number which is
shown on the front side of the drive gear (14) and on the dog
gear. The gears are paired as a set and must not be exchanged
individually.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3
4
00244
5
6
Fig. 72-20
08388
1
Fig. 72-20/1
2
7
11
8
8
9
10
9
13
14
d04231
12
LOCTITE 648
Fig. 72-21
00247
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page 23
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BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Propeller shock load - Inspection of crankshaft distortion on installed
crankshaft
See Figs. 72-21/1 to 72-21/3
◆ NOTE:
The inspection of the crankshaft only makes sense if the shaft
runout of the crankshaft AS or MS is less than 0.080 mm (0.0031
inch)
(A) Carefully mount holder (1) for protractor (2) part no. 877520 onto the
crankshaft .
Fig. 72-21/1
3
08477
4
2
1
5
■ CAUTION:
Do not damage the crankshaft.
(B) Install the metal sheet (3) with allen screw M6x20 (4) between drive sleeve
and roller bearing.
◆ NOTE:
Make sure that the upper spark plugs have been removed.
(C) Starting with cylinder 1 screw in piston stopper (7) completely.
On all 4 cylinders the piston stopper has to be installed in the
upper spark plug thread.
◆ NOTE:
Make sure that the piston stopper has been screwed in completely - so that it is bottomed out in with the spark plug hole.
d04776
◆ NOTE:
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BRP-Powertrain
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Fig. 72-21/2
08582
7
(D) Turn the crankshaft carefully in direction of engine rotation until the piston
touches the piston stoppers.
◆ NOTE:
Allways turn the crankshaft in direction of engine rotation, to
move the piston towards the piston stopper.
◆ NOTE:
The force applied should be strong enough to break-through
possible accumulations on the piston’s surface.
(E) Turn the protractor (2) on the holder (1) until the pointer of the metal sheet
(3) points to 0° then tighten with screw (5).
◆ NOTE:
From this point onwards until the measurement procedure has
ended the protractor must not be turned on the metal sheet.
◆ NOTE:
In this position the piston of cylinder 1 touches the piston
stopper.
(F) For a smoother removal of the piston stopper turn the piston slightely away
from the piston stopper.
(G) Now install the piston stopper at cylinder 2 and procede like at cylinder 1.
d04776
(H) Read the difference to 0° from the protractor.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
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October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
■ CAUTION:
The value can be positive or negative.
(I) For smoother removal of the piston stopper turn the piston slightely away from
the piston stopper.
(J) Repeat this procedure for cylinder 3. The piston will be stopped at 180°.
(K) Read the difference to 180° from the protractor.
■ CAUTION:
The value can be positive or negative.
(L) Repeat this procedure for cylinder 4. The piston will be stopped at 180°.
(M) Read the difference to 180° from the protractor.
■ CAUTION:
The value can be positive or negative.
■ CAUTION:
If a value exceeds the GB20 limit, then the engine needs to be
overhauled by a ROTAX-authorised service partner.
■ CAUTION:
The deviation of the crank pin (as a whole) must not exceed the
GB20 value. For GB20 see also Chapter 4 “wear limits”.
Example showing the results from meassuring a crankshaft, where the GB20
threshold is not exceeded:
Cylinder
deviation
1
0°
2
+ 2°
3
0°
4
+1°
Fig. 72-21/3
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page 24B
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Example showing the results from meassuring a crankshaft, where the
GB20 threshold is exceeded:
Cylinder
deviation
1
0°
2
+ 2°
3
0°
4
-1°
Fig. 72-21/4
08691
3.9.1)
Removal of roller bearing for - Series 2
See Fig. 72-22.
After the propeller gearbox is removed, the crankcase side propeller
shaft bearing and oil seal can be replaced if necessary.
Remove the retaining ring (1) with the circlip pliers. Attach extractor (2)
part no. 877615 with 8 allen screws M6x25 to the crankcase. Screw stud
(3) M10x45/20, part no. 941180, into the pull-in spindle (4), part no.
877580 and fit hex. nut (5) M24x1.5 onto the pull-in spindle.
d04776
For better guidance, place the press-in insert (6), part no. 877592, into
the roller bearing (7). Place the pull-in spindle (4) into the extractor (2)
and through the crankcase.
On the rear side of the crankcase, push the pullout plate (8), part no.
877560, onto the stud and attach with the hex. nut M10 (9), part no.
242091.
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Maintenance Manual
Keep pull-in spindle in position with the handle lever and turn the hex.
nut clockwise until the roller bearing (7) with oil seal (10) is pulled out
of the housing. Unscrew hex. nut, remove pullout plate with roller
bearing and oil seal and withdraw spindle (11). Unscrew extractor from
housing.
■ CAUTION : During this procedure, the oil seal (10) is destroyed and
must be replaced.
5
4
Fig. 72-22
00248
11
6
1
7
2
10
8
3
3.9.2)
9
Removal of roller bearing for - Series 3
See Fig. 72-23.
After the propeller gearbox is removed, the crankcase side propeller
shaft bearing and oil inlet flange can be replaced if necessary.
Remove the retaining ring (1) with circlip pliers. Fit puller cap (2), part
no. 876489, and push hex. screw (3) through the cap, roller bearing (4)
and oil inlet flange (5). Fit washer (6) and nut (7) on the back end. By
turning the hex. screw clockwise, the roller bearing is pulled out
together with the oil inlet flange. Take out O-ring (8) and both O-rings (9).
Effectivity 912/914 Series
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d04776
Before disassembly, the governor flange must be removed. On
configuration 912 Series 3 with hydraulic governor, the procedure for
pressing out varies from that for Series 2 and 4. On Series 3, the roller
bearing is pressed out together with the oil inlet flange.
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.9.3)
Removal of roller bearing for - Series 4
See Fig. 72-24.
After the propeller gearbox is removed, the crankcase side propeller
shaft bearing can be replaced if necessary.
For the extracting procedure it is necessary to drill a bore (2) of at least
6.2 mm dia., (1/4") into the center of the oil inlet cover (1).
■ CAUTION : The oil inlet cover is thus rendered useless and must be
replaced before installation!
■ CAUTION : Grease the grooves of the drill slightly to ensure that the
majority of the metal chips adhere to the drill. Remove
metal chips carefully after drilling.
The roller bearing is pulled out together with the oil inlet cover. Remove
the retaining ring (3) with circlip pliers. On the gearbox side, fit puller cap
(4), part no. 876489, and push hex. screw (5) through the cap, roller
bearing (6) and the hole drilled in the oil inlet cover (1). Fit the pullout
plate (7) with the nut (9) and washer (8) on the back end. By turning the
hex. screw clockwise, the roller bearing is pulled out together with the
oil inlet cover. Remove the O-ring (10).
Fig. 72-24
00250
Fig. 72-23
00249
2
5
2
1
4
4
5
3
6
1
10
7
6
3
8
9
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3.9.4)
Propeller gearbox disassembly
See Figs. 72-25, 72-26 and 72-27.
■ CAUTION : Only push the dog gear down until it is possible to
remove the two ring halves, otherwise the gearbox
housing could be destroyed. The gear cover should be
rotated back and forth during this step!
Place the complete gearbox in a suitable fixture (1) and press down the
gear wheel with the mounting yoke (2), part no. 876885, until the ring
halves (3) can be removed, see 00-00-00 section 10.4
Now relieve the pressure on the gear by turning spindle (4) back and
remove the mounting yoke and the gearbox from the fixture. Remove
the drive gear (5), the thrust washer and the dog gear. Force bearing
bushing (6) apart with circlip pliers and withdraw from the propeller
shaft.
■ CAUTION:
Do not overstress bearing bushing (6), as otherwise it
will become unusable.
Remove the complete overload clutch (7) or dog hub (13), disc springs
(8) 80x35x3, step collar (9), 6 mm (0.236 in.) distance sleeve (17),
compensating shim (10), eccenter (11) (for fuel pump on the ROTAX
912 Series, of no significance on the 914 Series) and 8 mm (0.31in.)
distance sleeve (12).
The overload clutch is fitted in serial production on all
certified aircraft engines and on all noncertified aircraft
engines of configuration 3. All other engine versions
are equipped with a dog hub, but available with an
optional overload clutch or can be retrofitted to accommodate one.
d04776
■ CAUTION:
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1
4
Fig. 72-25
Fig. 72-26
6
2
3
5
00261
00260
Fig. 72-27
16
17
15
9
8
14
12
9
11
13
10
Dog hub
07704
9
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7
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Overload clutch
72-00-00
page 29
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.9.5)
Propeller shaft removal
See Figs. 72-28 and 72-29.
Place gearbox housing on a suitable surface and press out the propeller
shaft with a hand press. Alternatively, the extractor (1), part no.
877615, can be used to press out the propeller shaft.
Fit the extractor onto the gearbox housing (3) with 6 x M6 screws (2)
and place press-out insert (4), part no. 877605 (for engine configuration 2), or press-out insert (5), part no. 877600, (for configurations 3
and 4) on the end (6) of the propeller shaft (7).
Insert pull-in spindle (8) into the support (9) of the extractor (1) and screw
hex. nut (10) M24x1.5 onto the spindle (8) from the inside. Keep nut in
position with a wrench. By turning the spindle clockwise, the propeller
shaft is pressed out of the gearbox housing.
■ CAUTION : The protection piece (press-out insert (4) - part no. 877605
or press-out insert - part no. 877600) must be used without
fail, as otherwise the machined inner diameter of propeller
shaft would be damaged. If the propeller shaft is removed,
the ball bearing (11) must be replaced!
To remove the ball bearing (11), unscrew the 4 hex. screws (12) M7x16
with the washers (13) from the gearbox housing (3).
■ CAUTION : During this procedure, the shaft seal (14) will be
damaged and must be replaced.
d04776
Heat the gearbox housing to 80 to 100 °C (176 to 212 °F) and knock the
ball bearing (11) out, together with the oil seal (14) and the radius ring
(15), using a suitable punch and from the outside towards the inside.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
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page 30
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 72-28
8
9
10
6
1
7
2
4
5
00263
13
for configuration 3
and 4
3
for configuration 2
Fig. 72-29
12
15
11
00264
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page 31
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.9.6)
Vacuum pump drive removal
See Fig. 72-30.
The vacuum pump is driven via the drive gear (1) fitted on the propeller
shaft.
Check the ball bearing (2) and the needle sleeve (3). Check the geartooth system of drive gear (1), the vacuum pump gear (4), the drive
sleeve (5) and the drive shaft of the vacuum pump.
If the ball bearing or needle sleeve are to be replaced, remove the
vacuum pump as follows:
Lock the drive sleeve (5) with the holder, part no. 242660, remove the
allen screw (6) M8x14 and remove the vacuum pump gear (4) with the
drive sleeve (5).
Remove the countersunk screw (7) M5x12 with the washer (8) for ball
bearing fixation.
Lift out the oil seal (9) and press out the needle sleeve and ball bearing
with a suitable step punch towards the propeller flange. Clean and
inspect bearing seat.
◆ NOTE:
During this procedure, the needle sleeve (3), the oil
seal (9) and the ball bearing (2) are damaged and must
be replaced.
■ CAUTION : The attachment screw (6) M8 of the vacuum pump
gear for hydraulic governor drive is 16 mm long
(0.63 in.) and with a low profile screw head. For
vacuum pump drive, however, it is only 14 mm long
Fig. 72-30
(0.55 in.) with standard screw head.
4
2
6
7
8
3
9
00252
5
d04776
1
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page 32
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BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.9.7)
Propeller governor drive removal
See Figs. 72-31 and 72-32.
Remove banjo bolts (1) M10x1 and both sealing rings (2) from the
governor flange (3) and the oil pump housing and remove the oil line.
Remove the 4 allen screws (4) M6x20 and 2 allen screws (5) M6x16 for
oil inlet flange fixation. Remove governor flange with O-ring and distance
sleeve (item 9 of fig. 72-34) behind.
Fig. 72-31
1
2
3
4
4
4
4
5
00256
5
After removal of propeller gearbox the drive can be disassembled. Fix
the drive sleeve (9) with holder, part no. 242660. Unscrew allen screw
M8x16 (7) and remove the governor gear (8) with the drive sleeve (9).
Remove the countersunk screw (10) M5x12 with the washer for ball
bearing fixation.
Press out the needle sleeve (11) and the ball bearing (12) with a suitable
step punch towards the gearbox.
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◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
Needle sleeve and ball bearing will be damaged by this
procedure and must be replaced.
72-00-00
page 33
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 72-32
7
10
12
11
8
9
16
14
13
15
00257
Measure the inner diameter (13) of the propeller shaft and the bearing neck (14)
of the oil inlet flange (GB05 and GB06). Any wear will probably appear as a flat
area on the journal. Check the gear-tooth system of the drive gear (15) and the
vacuum pump gear (8). Carry out a visual inspection of the ball bearing (12) and
the cylindrical roller bearing (16).
■ CAUTION : The attachment screw (7) M8 of the vacuum pump gear for
hydraulic governor drive is 16 mm long (0.63 in.) and with a low
profile screw head. For vacuum pump drive, however, it is only
14 mm long (0.55 in.) with standard screw head.
Clean parts carefully and remove sealant residues. Check the sealing surface
and all oil bores in the governor flange (3) for free passage. Carry out a visual
inspection of the needle sleeve (11) and the gear-tooth system and bearing
surface of the drive sleeve (9). Ensure that the connecting face for the oil
pressure line is clean.
d04776
The governor must be sent to the manufacturer if any repair work becomes
necessary.
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Maintenance Manual
3.9.8)
Propeller governor drive installation
See Figs. 72-32, 72-33 and 72-34.
■ CAUTION : The oil inlet flange must be properly aligned and the Oring must not be squeezed.
Install needle sleeve and ball bearing as described in 72-00-00 sec.
3.9.9. Grease new O-ring (1) and insert it together with the oil inlet flange
(2) into the crankcase. Take care that both M6 threads are horizontal
and the oil gallery is in a position to let the oil pass. For better
positioning, temporarily attach governor flange with 2 allen screws
M6x20 (12) and oil inlet flange with 2 allen screws M6x16 (13). Do not
torque screw, only tighten enough to keep flange aligned.
Screw extractor (3), part no. 877615, onto the crankcase, place pressin insert (4), part no. 877590, into roller bearing (5), place on the
centering (6) and press it fully home into the crankcase with the spindle
(7). Fit circlip in groove with its sharp edge towards the outside.
Align drive gear lip (8) Fig. 72-32 into drive sleeve notch (9) Fig. 72-32
with holder, part no. 242660. Apply LOCTITE 2701 to the allen screw
M8x16 and tighten.
Fit the governor flange (8) again. Fit distance sleeve (9) and new O-ring
(10) 32x4 into the crankcase. Place one O-ring (11) 7x2 into the oil inlet
flange and one into the governor flange and keep them in position with
some grease. Fit the governor flange and attach it to the crankcase with
4 allen screws (12) M6x20 and to the oil inlet flange with 2 allen screws
(13) M6x16.
Fig. 72-33
7
6
2
1
4
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■ CAUTION : Longer screws will damage the oil inlet flange.
◆ NOTE:
Tightening torque 10 Nm (90 in.lb). The allen screws
(12) and (13) are secured with LOCTITE 243.
Fit the governor (14) and the new gasket (15). Take care that the geartooth system engages.
Depending on governor type different screws and nuts are needed. See
SB-912-052 and SB-914-035, “Installation / Use of governors“, latest
issue.
Fit the pressure oil line (18) to the governor flange and the oil pump
housing and secure with a clamp. The screw plugs (19) and (20)
normally remain closed. A pressure gauge for governor pressure
inspection can be connected at position (19) if necessary. The maximum governor pressure is between 21.5 bar (312 p.s.i) and 24.5 bar
(355 p.s.i), depending on governor type. The governor starts regulating
at 3400 to 4150 rpm.
Malfunction of the propeller governing may be caused by the following:
incorrect adjustment of governor actuation
—
malfunction of propeller governor
—
insufficient oil pressure, oil pressure fluctuations
—
propeller pitch control.
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—
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Maintenance Manual
Fig. 72-34
18
9
10
18
8
19
12
14
11
20
13
15
16
17
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3.9.9)
Vacuum pump drive installation
See Figs. 72-34, 72-35 and 72-36.
Lubricate new needle sleeve (3). Position puller cap (10), part no.
876489, on vaccum pump side, place press-in insert, part no. 877579,
(11) onto the needle sleeve and fix with the hex. nut (12). Turning the
hex. screw (13) clockwise presses the needle sleeve in completely.
The ball bearing is pressed in with the same procedure, but the puller
cap (10), part no. 876489, is fitted on the pump flange side and the
press-in insert (14), part no. 877595, is used.
Then the new oil seal (9) in pressed in using insertion jig, part no.
877276, and greased. Apply LOCTITE 243 to the sunk screw (7) M5x12
and the washer (8) for ball bearing fixation and tighten.
■ CAUTION : The length of allen screw (6) M8x14 must never be
altered, as otherwise the screw will collide with the drive
shaft of the vacuum pump.
Fit vacuum pump gear (4) and fix drive sleeve (5) with holder, part no.
242660. Apply LOCTITE 648 to allen screw (6) M8x14 and turn it in.
Fig. 72-35
13
12 14
10
00253
2
10
3
11
13
12
00254
4
6
7
8
9
Fig. 72-36
00252
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3.9.10) Gearbox components inspection
See Figs. 72-37, 72-38, 72-39, 72-40, 72-41 and 72-42.
Clean disassembled gearbox with suitable cleaning agents and check
the following parts:
— Check that the bearing bushing (1) for crankshaft support bearing in
the gear cover fits tightly and measure dimension (GB01).
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
— Measure both bearing seats (2) and (3) on the propeller shaft. See
dimension (GB02) and dimension (GB03). Check oil seal running
surface (4) and (5). Roll propeller shaft and check for run out. Check
the run out of the propeller flange, see dimension (GB04).
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
Fig. 72-38
40
Maß/dim.
GB04
GB04
90
60
109
2
8
3
7
4 5 6
50
20
30
70
0
10
0.01mm
80
Fig. 72-37
6
1
4
3
00266
GB01
7
The entire propeller shaft with attachment
bores must be free of corrosion, and there must
be no fretting corrosion at bearing points
((2) and (3)).
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■ CAUTION:
5
2
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Maintenance Manual
Treatment of corrosion damage and surface damage to the propeller flange
The flange of the propeller shaft is subject to corrosion. After wrapping
the propeller shaft (2) in plastic tape or covering it with plastic tubing,
the propeller flange can be treated with an abrasive.
■ CAUTION:
Before applying the protective coating, carefully cover
the flange face (3), the attachment bores and the
propeller shaft in this area (2).
To prevent corrosion damage, the back of the propeller flange should
be coated with a corrosioninhibiting agent.
Where there is greater corrosion damage and the material has been
affected, the propeller shaft must be replaced.
When carrying out any of these steps, the manufacturers instructions must
be observed.
— The ball bearing (6) must be an interference fit on its outer race in
the gearbox housing and on its inner race on the propeller shaft.
Check groove (7) for the retaining rings and the gear-tooth system
(8) for wear or damage.
On configuration 3, the inner diameter (9) of the propeller shaft must
be checked in the area of the oil inlet flange (10), dimension (GB05/
GB06). See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
◆ NOTE:
The dimension GB05 or GB06 by itself is not as important
as the radial clearance between GB05/GB06.
1
9
GB06
8
GB05
Fig. 72-39
GB03
Inspect the propeller shaft for cracks. See 00-00-00 sec.10.4.
Register the results of the magnetic particle inspection in the
respective form sheet. See 72-00-00 sec. 5.
10
configuration
Ausführung
3 3
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— Carry out a visual inspection of the dog gear (11) and the dog hub
(12) to establish whether pitting is visible on the gear-tooth system
and/or the sliding ramps (GB08) of the dogs. Ensure that the ramp
tops of the dog gear are clearing the ramp valleys of the dog hub.
Check the gap between the ramp top and the ramp valley, see
dimension (GB07). See 72-00-00 sec. 4. Light to medium traces of
wear and pitting on the dogs are permissible.
11
Fig. 72-40
12
GB08
GB11
13
GB07
07420
— Check the gear-tooth system (14) of the gear set.
— Check the eccenter for the fuel pump and the fuel pump tappet for
wear, see 72-00-00 sec. 3.9.4 and 73-00-00 sec. 3.4.8
— Check the step collar for wear in the area of the disc spring support,
see 72-00-00 sec. 3.9.4.
— Measure the thickness of the plastic thrust washer (13) between the
dog gear (11) and the drive gear (15), see dimension (GB11).
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
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— Check the hardened steel dog gear bush (16) for wear.
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Fig. 72-41
14
11
15
13
15
00269
17
16
— If there is visible wear to the disc springs (18) in the contact area
(19), they must be replaced. Check dimension (GB13) of the
uncompressed disc spring.
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
18
41ø
19
Maß
dim.
Fig. 72-42
3
GB13
80ø
19
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3.9.11) Toothed shaft profiles inspection
See Fig. 72-43.
There are two important toothed shaft connections in the gearbox.
– crankshaft to drive gear
– propeller shaft to clutch hub of the overload clutch
Carry out a visual inspection of all toothed shaft profiles for damage
and wear.
To check the toothed shaft profiles, the tooth width at the head of
the respective inner and outer gear-tooth system must be measured. The lowest value is decisive in each case.
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
7,
CS0
5
GB1
Fig. 72-43
GB
GB 14,
16
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Maintenance Manual
3.9.12) Gear set inspection
The gear set is inspected to detect any damage to the gear-tooth
system.
◆ NOTE:
The gear set can be inspected with the gearbox
installed by using an endoscope with flexible shaft. This
must be done in such a way that the condition of the
gear flanks can be precisely evaluated - which requires experience.
■ CAUTION:
Inspect all gear tooth contact surface for signs of damage
and pitting.
Gear set pitting can cause high frequency vibration. This vibration may
result in severe problems. As it is transmitted throughout the engine
and its attached components:
– fuel pump damage
– gearbox wear (splines and contact area)
– external alternator wear
– exhaust system wear
– crankcase mating surfaces
◆ NOTE:
This vibration can be detected with dynamic propeller
analysis equipment. Normal vibration level for the
engine is approx 0.5 to 1.0 inch per seconds or ask the
aircraft manufacturer for the figures for the particular
installation.
Pitting can take many forms, from tolerable break-in pitting to
spallation. To assist your judgement, please read the following.
General note on pitting:
Pitting is the breaking off of smaller or larger material particles from the
active gear tooth contact surface. Whereas the fracture of a tooth
results in gearbox failure, pitting will not normally influence the running
of the gearbox. There are different degrees of pitting.
◆ NOTE:
Fine pitting or areas of pitting hardly influence the
operation of the gear-tooth system.
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However, pitting will normally increase with the period of operation.
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The speed at which the pitting increases depends on the lubricant used
and the load. The pitted area can become so large that the remaining,
unaffected tooth flank can no longer transmit the load safely. Further
operation of the components in this condition will result in the total
destruction of the gear-tooth system.
◆ NOTE:
The most common area where pitting forms is on the
base of the gear tooth on the drive gear. For this
reason, inspect the drive gear first.
Pitting is damage caused by material fatigue. The latest insights reveal
that its formation is influenced by exceeding the permissible Hertzian
stress for the material, tangential stress on the surface (friction) and
temperature strain. This means that in addition to the material and heat
treatment of the material, the surface quality and structure, the surface
treatment and the lubricant (viscosity at operating temperature and the
additives used) are also important.
Pitting can be divided into the following categories according to the size
of the pitted area, the type of pitting involved and the number of areas
affected.
– minor pitting (breakin pitting)
– advanced pitting
– spallation (large zones of the tooth surfaces have broken off)
Minor Pitting: See Figs. 72-44, 72-45 and 72-46.
Characteristics:
Isolated small areas of pitting (up to approx. 0.5 % of the flank area)
or porelike zones of pitting, usually only found at the root of the flank.
The formation of this type of pitting may stop once the gearbox wearin
period is over.
Causes:
High local pressure on new gears which have not yet been broken in can
cause isolated pitting. With increased wear, the stress on these areas
is relieved and the pitting may stop. In the same way, changes in the
operating conditions can stop the progress of pitting formation.
Conclusion:
This type of pitting does not prevent safe operation. The gear set can
remain in use.
Figs. 72-44 to 72-46 show gear flanks with minor
pitting.
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◆ NOTE:
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Maintenance Manual
◆ NOTE:
Because of the small size of the pitting shown and the
copying process, the pictures may not show the pitting
clearly enough. If you are in any doubt, seek assistance
by studying technical publications or consult your authorized ROTAX distributor or Service Center.
00148
Fig. 72-44
Magn.: approx. 100%
00149
Fig. 72-45
Magn.: approx. 75%
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00150
Fig. 72-46
Magn.: approx. 75%
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Advanced pitting:
See Figs. 72-47 and 72-48.
Characteristics:
Larger areas of breakoff, normally appearing as pitting zones. The
breakoff surface usually has a shelllike structure. The total pitting zone
may reach a size where it impairs smooth engine running noticeably or
the remaining flank surface wears rapidly and is destroyed.
Causes:
The pitting can be attributed to material fatigue due to a combination
of the mechanical load factors pressure and friction. It is triggered by
exceeding the material to excess loads at certain points. Decisive
factors for the formation of pitting are: Oil viscosity and oil temperature.
Conclusion:
Pitting of up to approx. 5 % of the flank surface is permissible if the size
of the pitting (at its widest point) does not exceed 0.5 mm (0.02 in). If this
value is exceeded, the gear set must be replaced!
▲ WARNING: Gears must always be replaced as a set. Replacement
of individual dog gears or drive gears is not permissible.
Pitting in the area of the root
flank of a spur gear.
Fig. 72-47
Magn.: approx. 75%
00151
Pitting formation at the foot of
spur toothing
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Fig. 72-48
Magn.: approx. 75%
00152
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Spallation (large zones of the tooth flank have broken off)
See Figs. 72-49 and 72-50.
Characteristics:
Large triangular areas of the tooth flank have broken off, starting in a
grey zone or area of minor pitting on the root of the tooth. The spalling
area is of relatively constant depth. Additional cracks may stretch
across the flank from the main area. In some areas, the damage
reaches the tip area of the tooth, resulting in tooth tip fracture.
Causes:
This type of damage is usually the result of using oil of low viscosity or of
high oil temperatures. Otherwise, the causes are the same as for other
types of pitting.
Conclusion:
■ CAUTION:
If spallation is detected, the gear set must be replaced.
Max. permissible pitting or spallation. See section on advanced pitting.
◆ NOTE:
Figs. 72-49 and 72-50. show triangular spallation.
▲ WARNING: Gears must always be replaced as a set. Replacement
of individual gears is not permissible.
Fig. 72-49
Magn.: approx. 75%
Fig. 72-50
Magn.: approx. 100%
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3.9.13) Propeller gearbox reassembly
See Figs. 72-51, 72-52 and 72-53.
◆ NOTE:
At the modification of the gearbox (e.g. reduction ratio,
retro-fit of overload clutch) the part number on the
gearbox housing must be corrected. See Fig. 72-51/1.
Heat gearbox housing (1) with hot air (or in an oven) to approx 100 °C
(212 °F). Press shaft seal (2) into the gearbox housing from the inside,
using insertion jig, part no. 876518, and grease sealing lips (3). Add
radius ring (4) 36/50/ 5.5 with rounded side towards shaft seal. The
weight of the ball bearing (5) must cause it to fall into the bearing point
of the heated gearbox housing. Fix ball bearing with LOCTITE 221 in
position, using 4 hardened washers (6) 7.2/18.8/3 and hex. screws (7)
M7x16. Tighten to 15 Nm (130 in.lb).
◆ NOTE:
For optimum lubrication of the bearing this has to show
with the open side to the propeller flange.
Slide the propeller shaft into the gearbox housing and place on a
suitable flat surface (8). Apply LOCTITE Anti-Seize to the bearing seat
(10) of the propeller shaft (9). Fit a sleeve (12 which is approx. 30 mm
(1.18 in.) longer than the propeller shaft. The inner diameter should be
selected so that the sleeve presses against the inner ring (11). Press on
the gearbox housing, turning it slightly (left-right).
■ CAUTION : Do not tap!
It is an advantage if the gearbox housing is still warm at this stage.
Place distance sleeve (13) 35.2/42/8 and eccenter (14) for the fuel
pump onto the propshaft.
Place these components on horizontally and in this order: step collar
(15) with the ø40.8 mm ( 1.60“) towards the disc spring, then two disc
springs (16) facing each other and the third disc spring (17) with its back
to the second disc spring. Make sure that the disc springs lie against
the centering rib (18) of the clutch hub. Apply LOCTITE Anti-Seize to
the tooth profile of the slipper clutch (19) and place it onto the propeller
shaft.
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Carefully fit pre-oiled bearing bushing (20) onto the propeller shaft
using circlip pliers. Push on dog gear (21), apply LOCTITE Anti-Seize
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to both sides of the plastic thrust washer (22) 33.2/51/1.2 and place it on
together with drive gear (23).
◆ NOTE:
Gearboxes without an overload clutch have no third
disc spring (17), centering rib or slipper clutch. Instead,
they are fitted with a second step collar, see Fig. 72-53.
■ CAUTION : If the disc springs are not well centered, the dog gear
cannot be depressed sufficiently to allow insertion of
ring halves. Do not increase the pressure, but remove
the clutch again and center the disc springs more
accurately.
◆ NOTE:
Coat contact surfaces of disc springs and dogs as well
as the tooth profile of propeller shaft with LOCTITE
Anti-Seize.
Fig. 72-51/1
12
Fig. 72-51
gear cover p/n XXXXXX
gearbox p/n XXXXXX
gearbox s/n XXXXX
part no. (6 digit)
11
10
1
7
6
5
4
2
3
Fig. 72-52
07705
9
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8
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ø 40,8 mm
1,606 in.
00276
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■ CAUTION : Danger of material damage! Always install a new thrust
washer.
3.9.14) Disc spring pre-tension adjustment (with overload clutch)
See Figs. 72-53 and 72-25 (see Section 72-00-00 / 3.9.4).
When the propeller shaft assembly is uncompressed, the contact
surface (24) for the ring halves must lie in the groove of the propeller
shaft 1 mm (0.039 in.) over the upper edge (25). The difference must
be compensated for by placing shims (26) between eccenter (14) and
step collar (15).
◆ NOTE:
To facilitate adjustment, they can first be pushed apart
until the top edge (25) of the contact surface (24) for the
ring halves slips into the groove in the propeller shaft
and a 1 mm (0.039 in.) compensating shim (26) can be
inserted between step collar (15) and eccenter (14).
◆ NOTE:
To check the friction torque of the dog hub in free
rotation, see the corresponding Maintenance Manual
(Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912
Series or 914 Series.
3.9.15) Disc spring pre-tension adjustment (with dog hub)
See Fig. 72-53
Completely compress disk springs utilizing mounting yoke part no.
876885. The lower edge of the groove (25) in the propeller shaft must
align with the top edge of the retaining ring (24) (distance must not be
more than 0.2 mm (0.008 in)). Set distance by shims to max. 0.2 mm
(0.008 in).
After completing the adjustment of the disk spring travel, depress dog
gear (2) with mounting yoke, part no. 876885, until both ring halves can
be inserted.
■ CAUTION :
Always use new ring halves.
Insert ring halves and release pressure, see 72-00-00 sec. 3.9.4.
■ CAUTION : If the spacing is insufficient, never overpress the
springs, as this will cause the dog gear to collide with
the gear cover.
■ CAUTION : The ring halves must be completely inserted in the
groove on propeller shaft!
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Check that the ring halves are positioned correctly.
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Fig. 72-53
Version with
overload clutch
24
0,2 mm
(0.008 in.)
25
1 mm
(0.039 in.)
Version with
dog hub
24
25
24
25
24
23
23
22
27
21
21
25
22
27
20
20
19
18
15
15
13
26
14
13
17
16
disk springs compressed
16
15
26
14
13
disk springs unloaded
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3.9.16) Propeller gearbox — installation
See Figs. 72-54, 72-55 and 72-56.
Carry out a visual inspection of the crankshaft (1) on the power take off
side. Slide drive gear (2) onto the crankshaft (3).
◆ NOTE:
Due to the restricted tolerances it can occur that it is
difficult to slide the drive gear onto the crankshaft. In
such a case try to slide on the drive gear in a different
position. Don’t use tools - don’t press or strike the
drivegear onto the crankshaft.
■ CAUTION : Before installing, clean hex. screw (4) with LOCTITE
7063. Make sure to have an appropriate installation
position of the friction washer (5).
Apply LOCTITE 648 to hex. nut (4) M30x1.5 and screw the nut onto the
crankshaft together with the friction washer (5) VS30. Tightening torque
200 Nm (147.5 ft.lb). Then measure the run out (CS24).
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
Fig. 72-54
5
1
Fig. 72-55
2
4
3
6
◆ NOTE:
08188
07507
If there is slight radial run out, reinstall nut (4) and
measure again.
d05737
■ CAUTION : Dog gear and drive gear are paired and are marked with
a consecutive serial number (6). Use only parts with the
same serial number!
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Clean sealing surface of gearbox housing and crankcase. Oil which drains
onto the sealing surface will eventually create a leak. Insert both dowel pins
6x20 into crankcase. Grease oil seal for propeller shaft in crankcase.
Lubricate bearing bore for propeller shaft.
◆ NOTE:
Engines of the 912/914 Series configuration 3 and
configuration 4 have no oil seal.
Keep the rollers of the roller bearing in position with grease to facilitate
assembly of propeller shaft.
Position gearbox housing with completely pre-assembled gear unit,
previously coated with a thin layer of sealing compound LOCTITE
5910. Turn propeller shaft slightly to allow the dog gear to engage. By
gently tapping on the gearbox housing (not on the propeller shaft) with
a plastic mallet, the gearbox is fitted on the crankcase.
◆ NOTE:
If there is resistance with a gap of approx. 10 mm (0.4
in.), the alignment of the rollers may need readjusting.
Fix the rollers in position again with grease, press them
outwards and / or turn the vacuum pump /governor gear
slightly to allow engagement.
■ CAUTION : If excessive force is applied at assembly, the roller
bearing or the vacuum pump drive can be damaged.
If the sealing surface becomes oily during the assembly process, clean
it and reapply surface sealing compound LOCTITE 5910 or 574.
Tighten gearbox evenly with 2 allen screws M8x45 and 8 allen screws
(7) M6x45 and lock washers in a crosswise pattern.
GB18
80
70
90
0
10
40
0.01mm
50
109
2
8
3
7
4 5 6
60
Fig. 72-56
20
30
9
8
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Check the radial gear backlash at the propeller flange (9) with the dial
gauge (8), dimension (GB18). See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
Check the friction torque. See the relevant Manual (Line Maintenance)
12.00.00 chapter 7 of the corresponding engine type 912 Series and
914 Series.
Remove crankshaft locking screw and fit crankshaft plug screw M8 x
20 with new Cu gasket ring and tighten to 15 Nm (133 in.lb). For
verification turn crankshaft with spanner 24 a/f on hex. screw on
magneto side.
3.10) Cylinder head — removal
See Figs. 72-57 and 72-58.
If components of several cylinders are disassembled, they must be marked to
ensure correct coordination at refitting.
Remove allen screw M6x25 (1) and washer from valve cover (2) and lift off valve
cover and large and small O-ring. Remove crosswise 2 flanged nuts (3) with
washers (4) and two collar cap nuts M8. The collar cap nut is inside the valve
cover and has a sealing edge.
◆ NOTE:
There is no washer required under the collar cap nut.
On newer engine versions, no washers (4) are fitted. They can
be left out during assembly on all engine versions.
■ CAUTION:
Do not damage the sealing surface!
Using both hands, carefully pull the complete cylinder head off the cylinder (5).
1
Fig. 72-57
2
00277
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Keep both push rods (6) in position in the oil return tubes (7), seal oil bore of push
rods with finger and remove cylinder head (8). The oil return tubes remain with
the cylinder head. Remove O-rings (9) 16x15 from the oil return tubes or from
the crankcase (10).
Store cylinder head in such a way that the sealing surface and oil return tubes
are not damaged. Lift out oil filled push rods, stop oil from dripping by sealing
with finger. Coordinate push rods with cylinder heads to prevent any mix-up.
Mark the installation position of the push-rod with a suitable pen (e.g. touchup
pen) (e.g. ¨IV1“ for intake valve cylinder 1). If the parts are refitted in exactly the
same position and assignment as before, the push-rods can be used again. This
is because the parts have become broken in to each other in the course of
operation before disassembly.
Fig. 72-58
8
7
9
6
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3.11) Cylinder head - disassembly
See Fig. 72-59.
If the rocker arms are to be dismantled without removing the cylinder head, turn
the crankshaft to set the piston of the respective cylinder to ignition T.D.C. so that
only little pressure remains on the rocker arm. Depress rocker arm with check
lever part no. 877690 towards the hydraulic valve tappet. Now the rocker arm is
completely released and the rocker arm shaft can be removed.
◆ NOTE:
Never use force to press out the rocker arm shaft. The hexagon
of the collar cap nut may be in an unfavorable position and
prevent removal of the rocker arm shaft. In this case, loosen the
nut.
Withdraw rocker arm shaft and remove both rocker arms.
◆ NOTE:
Newer engine versions have plastic bushings as bearings.
These plastic bushings must be laid aside in an ordered manner
to prevent any mixup.
Compress the valve springs using valve spring mounting device (1), part no.
877380, valve spring mounting pliers (2) or similar tool and lift out valve cotters.
Release valve spring. Remove valve spring retainer and both springs and
withdraw valve.
◆ NOTE:
Prior to removal of valves, clear burrs which may be present on
valve stems to prevent damage to valve stem seal and valve
guide. Mark valves coordinately.
Repeat procedure for the second valve. Clean cylinder head.
d04351
Check oil return tubes for leaks (visual inspection). If there is leakage in area (3),
the respective oil return tubes must be replaced. For this procedure, heat the
return tubes with a hot air gun to max. 120 °C (248 °F). Extract the oil return tubes
and remove any glue residues from the bore. Apply LOCTITE 648 on the new oil
return tubes in the area of the two grooves and twist and push tube into position
in the preheated cylinder head. After that heat the cylinder head 10 to 15 minutes
to 100 °C (212 °F) so that the LOCTITE hardens.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
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When replacing the coolant elbow, mark its position, heat the area with a hot air
gun to max. 120 °C (248 °F) and unscrew the fitting. Remove residues of
LOCTITE means and check threads. Apply LOCTITE 648 to the thread on the
cylinder head and to the new coolant fitting and screw the fitting into the cold
cylinder head. Leave cylinder head to harden for approx. 10 minutes at 100 °C
(212 °F).
If there are oil carbon residues on the sealing face with the cylinder, remove them
carefully. Check that the sealing face is level.
In the case of slight wear, valve and valve seat may be seal-lapped, using emery
paste.
Clean cylinder head and individual components with suitable cleaning agents.
See 00-00-00 sec. 10.3.
Check cylinder head sealing surface and if necessary, blue it and the cylinder.
The flat surface of the cylinder and the cylinder head may only be slightly
machined.
◆ NOTE:
In the event of more serious leakage, cylinder and cylinder head
can be reworked as described in the Overhaul Manual by a
ROTAX authorized overhaul facility.
If the engine has been "run hot", the hardness of the cylinder head and the
cylinder material must be checked.
See 72-00-00 sec. 5 and the corresponding Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type 912 or 914 Series.
Fig. 72-59
2
1
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3.11.1) Cylinder head and exhaust manifold studs
See Figs. 72-60, 72-61 and 72-62.
Studs M8 x 20/23 (1) are for attaching the exhaust manifold. Check for
tight fit and any damage.
When replacing a stud, it is fitted so that the longer thread (23 mm
(0.91 in.)) is screwed into the cylinder head. Secure studs with
LOCTITE 648.
Tightening torque 8 Nm (70 in.lb).
■ CAUTION:
If the engine has been overheated, the hardness of the
cylinder head must be checked. See the corresponding
Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or 914 Series. Hardness is tested at control point CH08 as shown in Fig.
72-61.
Procedure for hardness test:
CH08: HB2.5/62.5 DIN EN ISO 6506-2
■ CAUTION:
Fig. 72-60
The results of the hardness test must be entered in
72-00-00 sec. 5.
Fig. 72-61
CH08
d04776
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1
07447
07424
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◆ NOTE:
If the rocker arm shaft bearing (CH05) is worn, it can be reworked
up to a certain limit. The cylinder head must be sent to a ROTAX
authorized overhaul facility for this purpose.
Fig. 72-62
CH05
CH05
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3.11.2) Reworking of the sealing surface to the exhaust manifold
See Fig. 72-63.
Reworking is permissible if there is a leak at the sealing surface (1) to
the exhaust manifold.
If a rework is necessary, the cylinder head must be sent to a ROTAX
authorized overhaul facility for overhaul.
Fig. 72-63
1
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3.11.3) Valve guides
See Figs. 72-64 and 72-65.
Check diameter of valve stem (1) and inner diameter of valve guide (2),
see dimension (VT01) and dimension (CH01).
If wear limit is reached, replace valve guide.
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
For this procedure, the cylinder head must be sent to a ROTAX
authorized overhaul facility for maintenance.
Fig. 72-65
Fig. 72-64
Maß
dim.
CH01
1
Maß /
dim.
VT01
2
00281
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3.11.4) Valve seats
See Fig. 72-66.
Carry out a visual inspection of the valve faces for damage and wear.
Apply engineers blue evenly to the valve faces and fit the valves into the
respective valve guides. Turn the valve under gentle pressure to
produce a clear imprint of the sealing surface on the valve seat ring.
Ensure that the sealing surface of the valve seats (1) is clean and if
necessary, regrind with valve lapping paste.
■ CAUTION:
The annular imprint on the valve face must be a
continuous, unbroken ring.
The width of the imprint corresponds to the width of the
valve seat CH02.
■ CAUTION:
If burned spots or deformation are detected, send the
cylinder head to a ROTAX authorized overhaul facility
for overhaul or repair.
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
1
00285
CH02
Fig. 72-66
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3.11.5) Valves
See Figs. 72-67, 72-68, 72-69 and 72-70.
Intake valves are checked as follows:
Carry out a visual inspection of the valves for damage and wear.
Clean valves, measure valve stem diameter and check valve disk for
wear.
The valve stem diameter VT01 is measured at the edge of the moving
path (1) of the valve stem. See Fig. 72-67.
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
Check valve front surface (5) for pitting.
Check valve stem for possible deposits. Heavy oil carbon residues (2)
on the valve stem indicate increased wear on the valve guide.
Fig. 72-67
3 mm (0.12 in.)
3 mm
VT01
2
(0.12 in.)
07443
d02622
max 20%
VT01
3
5
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Oil carbon residue on up to max 20% of the moving path is permissible.
See Fig. 72-67.
■ CAUTION:
If there are heavier deposits, the valve may already
have overheated and must be replaced. There is a
danger of valve fracture at the weld.
Carry out a visual inspection of the 3 retaining grooves (3) on the valve
stem for damage or wear. To check the wear, fit a new valve cotter. It
must fit without perceptible clearance.
Place the valve on roller blocks (4), roll it and measure the max.
permissible out of true value VT02 on the valve disk using a dial gauge.
See Fig. 72-68.
◆ NOTE:
The out of true value can also be measured with the
dial gauge adapter assembly part no. 976140 (7). See
Fig. 72-69.
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
VT02
10
0
20
90
m
1m
0.0
80
1
2
70
0 9 8 7
6
3 4 5
60
30
40
50
Fig. 72-68
5
07482
4
7
4
~45 mm
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(1.77 in.)
~25 mm
Fig. 72-69
(0.98 in.)
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Check the valve face for wear caused by pounding VT03.
Pounding may occur on the inside and the outside edge of the seat
surface and must be measured as shown in Fig. 72-70.
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
■ CAUTION:
The valve seat at the valve disk is surface hardened.
For this reason, the valve disk must not be reworked.
If necessary, the valve must be replaced.
However, lapping with valve lapping paste is possible.
Seal-lap both valves and check for leakage.
■ CAUTION:
The end of the valve stem (5) must not be ground.
See Fig. 72-68.
Fig. 72-70
03
VT
03
VT
d04231
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3.11.6) Valve springs
See Figs. 72-71 and 72-72.
Carry out a visual inspection of the valve springs for damage and wear.
Depending on engine version, dual or single valve spring configurations
are planned. However, dual and single valve springs must not be used
on the same engine.
◆ NOTE:
The valve springs can be distinguished by the different
wire thickness and the different spring strength.
The springs for inlet and outlet are equivalent and symmetrical.
Dual valve spring configuration:
–
Inner valve spring (1)
2.3 mm (0.09 in)
–
Outer valve spring (2)
3.5 mm (0.14 in)
Single valve spring configuration:
–
Single valve spring (3)
3.85 mm (0.15 in)
Valve spring support (4)
Valve cotter (5)
4
3
Fig. 72-71
5
2
d05737
1
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To check the spring force, apply a test load (F) and measure the
remaining spring length VT04. For the measurement necessary tools
are available on the free market. See Fig. 72-72.
Test load for dual valve spring configuration:
–
Test load (F) for inner spring
53 N (11.91 lbf)
–
Test load (F) for outer
133 N (29.80 lbf)
Test load for single valve spring configuration:
–
Single valve spring
200 N (45 lbf)
■ CAUTION:
Replace valves shorter than the minimum length.
◆ NOTE:
The spring length should be as equal as possible on
the inlet and outlet sides (max 0.4 mm (0.016 in.) in
difference), otherwise replace the springs.
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
F
VT04
Fig 72-72
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3.11.7) Washers
See Figs. 72-73, 72-74 and 72-75.
Carry out a visual inspection of the washers for damage and wear.
The wear must be measured radially with a dial gauge, starting from the
reference area (on the inner part of the valve spring support) in
measuring range radius (1) and working towards the outside. Dimension t=max. 0.04 mm (0.0016 in.). see Fig. 72-75. Pounding (wear) of
more than 0.04 mm (0.0016 in.) is not permissible. If the dimension
exceeds this limit, the valve, the valve spring support, the valve spring
retainer, the valve cotters and the hydraulic valve tappet or any other
damaged components must be replaced on the affected valve.
◆ NOTE:
The valve spring support can indicate a malfunction of
the valve train as a result of badly or insufficiently
vented hydraulic valve tappets. Under normal conditions, no measurable wear will be seen, even after
longer periods of operation. If a visual inspection
reveals pounding wear on the contact surface, the
current wear must be tested using a dial gauge.
See SI-912-018 / SI-914-020, “Purging of lubrication system”, latest
issue.
Fig. 72-73
Fig. 72-75
„magnified image“
05450
Fig. 72-74
1
„magnified image“
09864
d05737
09864
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3.11.8) Rocker arm and rocker arm shaft
See Figs. 72-76 and 72-77.
The rocker arm bearing (1) is lubricated via the hollow pushrod (2) to the
ball joint (female) (3). The oil flows through the oil ducts (4) in the rocker
arm to lubricate the rocker arm bearing. The oil exit and thus the splash
oil lubrication of the complete valve mechanism is via bore (5) The
rocker arms for the inlet and outlet are different.
Check surface of rocker arm shaft and inner diameter of the rocker arm
bearing bush (6) for signs of friction. Carry out a visual inspection of the
valve stem contact area (7) and ball joint (female) (3) of the rocker arm.
Excessive signs of wear indicate lack of oil. Slight reworking of contact
area (7) for the valve stem is permissible. Check oil bores (4) in the
rocker arm for free passage.
◆ NOTE:
Oversize rocker arm shafts and rocker arm bushings
are available for repairing the rocker arm bearing in the
cylinder head.
The bronze colored fitted bearing bushing (6) cannot be replaced. If
necessary, replace the whole rocker arm.
3.11.8.1) Rocker arm with plastic bushing
See Figs. 72-78, 72-79 and 72-80.
In the case of plastic rocker arm bushings (2), it must be
ensured that the bushing is of slide fit design. After installation, it must still be possible to rotate it against the rocker arm
bore.
Fig. 72-76
00286
5
3
6 1
7
Fig. 72-77
4
00287
Maß
dim.
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VT07
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To allow this, the plastic bushing is equipped with a circular
groove (1) on its circumference via which it is supplied with
oil. The bushing can be installed in any position.
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
The plastic bushing must be adequately oiled before
installation.
■ CAUTION:
When installing the rocker arm, it is important to ensure that the bushing (2) is fitted
together with the rocker arm.
See SI-912-009 /SI-914-010,“Introduction
of a new rocker arm bushing“, latest
issue.
◆ NOTE:
Oversize rocker arm shafts and rocker arm
bushings are available for repairing the
rocker arm bearing in the cylinder head.
Ensure that the correct rocker arm bushing
is fitted. For easy identification, the oversize rocker arm bushing, part no. 933397,
has two opposed bores (3).
Fig. 72-78
1
05122
3
Fig. 72-80
Fig. 72-79
2
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07498
07409
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3.11.8.2) Rocker arm with pressed sinter bushing
See Fig. 72-81.
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
The bearing bush cannot be replaced. If the rocker arm is
worn, it must be replaced with a rocker arm with a plastic
bushing.
◆ NOTE:
When doing so, check whether an oversize
rocker arm shaft is fitted.
Fig. 72-81
07497
VT07
3.11.8.3) Rocker arm shaft
See Fig. 72-82.
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
Check the surface of the rocker arm for signs of friction.
◆ NOTE:
Oversize rocker arm shafts and rocker arm
bushings are available for repairing the
rocker arm bearing in the cylinder head.
Fig. 72-82
VT
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3.12) Cylinder head reassembly
See Fig. 72-83.
Place valve spring support (1) in position on the valve guide and fit new valve
stem seal (2) on inlet side only. Push oiled intake valve (3) into the valve guide
from the outside, slide on both valve springs (outside (4) and inside (5)) or single
valve spring (17) and the valve spring retainer (6). Press the valve springs
together with the mounting device and pliers, insert the valve cotters (7) and
relieve the valve springs, see also Fig. 72-59 in 72-00-00 sec. 3.11. Carry out
the same procedure on the exhaust valve (8).
◆ NOTE:
Ensure correct positioning and equal spacing of the valve
cotters.
Apply MOLYKOTE G-N to the rocker arm bore (9), the pushrod head (10) and the
valve contact area (11). Position inlet rocker arm (12) and outlet rocker arm (13)
with bushing (15, 16), depending on the specific configuration, apply MOLYKOTE
G-N to the rocker arm shafts (14) on both sides, see 00-00-00 sec. 10.3, and push
into the bearing support.
◆ NOTE:
The rocker arm bearing support is a slide fit. Do not exert force!
◆ NOTE:
Fig. 72-83 shows the configurations with single and dual valve
springs.
d02622
Lubricate all movable internal parts with engine oil.
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Fig. 72-83
1
3
2
17
1
6
2
4
11
6
5
16
17
6
15
4
7
10
1
4
5
12
14
12
1
11
6
9
8
4
7
10
12
13
16
9
15
07707
d02622
13
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3.13) Cylinder and piston - removal
See Figs. 72-84 and 72-85.
◆ NOTE:
Prior to removal, mark cylinders and pistons in pairs to ensure
correct coordination on re-assembly. The cylinders are all
identical in design. The piston pin center is offset from piston
center.
Move the piston to T.D.C.position and mark with an arrow pointing towards the
gearbox. When the piston is cleaned, the arrow (1) becomes visible. This arrow
faces towards the gearbox on all 4 cylinders and serves to ensure correct
assembly of the pistons with offset centers.
Carefully pull off the cylinder. Support the piston by hand to avoid damaging
piston and piston rings. Lift out the piston pin circlip (2) with a mono hook circlip
puller (3), part no. 976380, see 00-00-00 sec. 10.6.
Fig. 72-84
1
--->
2
3
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Push out piston pin using installation tool, part no. 877016. If the piston pin is
fitted too tightly, it can be pulled out using the piston pin extraction tool (4),
part no. 877090, see 00-00-00 sec. 10.6. Insert the pullout spindle (5) into the
piston pin (6) and screw on the nut (7). By turning the spindle clockwise, the
piston pin is pulled from the conrod (8) into the extraction sleeve (9) until the
piston (10) can be removed.
Remove nut (7) and extraction tool. Remove piston. Coordinate piston pin and
piston with the respective cylinder.
Fig. 72-85
10
4
9
5
8
6
00291
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3.13.1) Checking pistons
See Figs. 72-86 and 72-87.
On engines of the 912/914 Series, light alloy full skirt cast pistons are
used. The piston axis is offset by 1 mm (0.039 in.).
Remove piston rings using a pair of piston ring pliers. Make absolutely
sure to re-fit rings in their initial position. Remove any oil carbon residue
from piston rings and ring grooves. The best way to clean the groove
root is by using a piece of a broken piston ring. Increased deposit is to
be expected when using AVGAS 100LL. Remove carbon deposits from
the piston crown.
Inspect and measure piston. Measure the cylinder and determine the
permissible installation clearance in accordance with 00-00-00 sec. 9.
If the determined installation clearance is greater than the permissible
installation clearance, the piston and / or the cylinder must be replaced.
See 72-00-00 sec. 4 and 00-00-00 sec. 9.
Check the groove (2) for the piston pin circlip. If any burrs are detected,
carefully remove them. If the groove is excessively worn (> 0.3 mm =
0.012 in. than the retaining ring), replace piston.
There are 2 tolerance groups, red and green (piston marked with a red
or greencolored dot). The difference between them is 0.01mm (0.0004
in.). The "red" piston is the smaller one. The nominal piston size is
stamped on the piston crown. Oversize pistons are not available. The
piston is supplied only complete with 3 rings.
Determine the diameter of the piston pin.
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
d02622
With the rings (3) fitted on the piston, measure the flank clearance with
a feeler gauge (4). See Fig. 72-87. Increased deposits in the tubular
spring (see Fig. 72-89 (3)) of the oil scraper ring indicate that AVGAS
100LL has been used.
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Fig. 72-86
PI02
PI02
PI02
1
PI01
13mm
(0.51 in)
07435
2
2
Fig. 72-87
Pl04
Pl05
Pl06
3
4
d02622
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3.13.2) Checking the piston ring
See Figs. 72-88 and 72-89.
Check the end clearance of the cleaned piston rings.
To determine the end clearance (4), remove the piston rings from the
piston using piston ring pliers, clean them and insert into the cylinder.
Use a piston as pusher to align piston squarely in cylinder and
approx. 10 mm (0.395 in.) from the top edge. The end clearance is
measured using the feeler gauge (4), see dimension (PI07).
See 72-00-00 / 4.
By closely inspecting the ring surface (5), the portion of surface contact
can be seen and indicates the wear. Install piston rings using piston ring
pliers with the marking (6) "TOP" or the dot mark pointing upwards
towards the piston crown.
Fig. 72-88
4
00294
Maß
dim.
PI07/
PI08/
PI09
Fig. 72-89
top
Rechteckring/rectangular ring
3
top
Minutenring/tapered compression ring
6
5
5
Ölabstreifring /
oil scraper ring
d04351
00296
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
72-00-00
page 79
July 01/2008
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.13.3) Piston pin
See Fig. 72-90
Measure piston pin and check for traces of seizure in area of con-rod
seat. In case of distinct traces of seizure, replace piston pin even if
dimensions are correct.
Measure dimension PI03.
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
◆ NOTE:
The circlips for axial piston pin retention must be used
only once and must therefore be replaced.
Fig. 72-90
PI03
d04776
07403
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72-00-00
page 80
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.13.4) Cylinders inspection
See Figs. 72-91, 72-92 and 72-93.
The running surface of the cylinder is "NICKEL-SILICON"coated. All 4
cylinders are identical. Clean the cooling fins (1) of the cylinder.
Remove oil carbon deposits from the top end (2) of the cylinder bore.
Clean sealing surfaces on top (3) and bottom sides (4) and inspect
cylinder.
Measure cylinder as shown in the following diagrams and enter the
readings (CY01/CY02/CY03) in the corresponding form sheet. See
72-00-00 sec. 4.
Measure the installation clearance, see 72-00-00 sec. 3.13.1. If the
wear limit for the cylinder has been reached, the cylinder and/or the
piston must be replaced.
◆ NOTE:
Slight oil carbon residues on the cylinder sealing surface (3) indicate leakage. True up the cylinder along
with the cylinder head.
■ CAUTION : If the engine has been overheated, the hardness of the
cylinder must be checked. The hardness is measured
at control point CY04. See Fig. 72-93. See 72-00-00
sec. 5.1.
Procedure for hardness test:
d05737
CH08: HB2.5/62.5 DIN EN ISO 6506-2
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
72-00-00
page 81
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 72-91
3
2
1
4
00297
Fig. 72-92
Fig. 72-93
15
(0.59 in.)
CY04
(1.57 in.)
A
(2.99 in.)
A
07485
d05737
07413
Effectivity 912/914 Series
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72-00-00
page 82
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.14) Hydraulic valve tappets
See Figs. 72-94, 72-95, 72-96 and 72-97.
Pull hydraulic valve tappets (1) out of the housing using the mono hook circlip
puller (2), part no. 976380.
■ CAUTION : Never insert the puller into the retainer (3), but always into the
groove in the hydraulic valve tappet. Inserting it into the retainer
could cause the hydraulic valve tappet to fall apart. See Fig 7294.
Lay hydraulic valve tappets aside, arranging them in a manner that ensures they
will be refitted in their original place.
Carry out a visual inspection of the hydraulic valve tappets for damage and wear.
◆ NOTE:
The hydraulic valve tappets rotate during engine operation, so
the camshaft lobes (4) should be worn evenly.
Failure of a hydraulic valve tappet to rotate will result in uneven wear (2) on the
contact surface (1). If there are irregular bright areas, fretting/pitting, the tappet
must be replaced. See Fig. 72-97.
■ CAUTION:
The cams of the camshaft can be visually inspected for damage
after removing the hydraulic valves.
In the event of damage of the camshaft, the assy. engine block
must be sent to a ROTAX authorized overhaul facility.
■ CAUTION : Taking apart hydraulic valve tappets is not allowed and not
necessary.
■ CAUTION : In the event of malfunctions such as operation with un-purged
hydraulic valve tappets, the components in the tappet (plate)
are worn down.
■ CAUTION : If it is necessary to replace a hydraulic valve tappet, make sure
that a tappet with a polished cam running surface (ROTAX part
no. 881831) is used.
Depending on storage conditions, new hydraulic valve tappets are partially
emptied and pump full of oil during engine startup. Oil enters the hydraulic valve
tappet through the bore (5). The retaining ring (3) keeps the piston (6) in position
when the hydraulic valve tappet is removed. See Fig. 72-95 and 72-96.
◆ NOTE:
When putting into operation, observe SI-912-018 / SI-914-020
"Purging of lubrication system“, latest issue.
d04776
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
72-00-00
page 83
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 72-94
3
2
00299
Fig. 72-96
Fig. 72-95
4
1
3
5
00301
00300
6
Fig. 72-97
1
2
d04776
07580
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
72-00-00
page 84
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.15) Pushrods
See Fig. 72-98.
Clean push-rods (1) and carry out a visual inspection. Make sure that the two
ball heads (2) pressed into the rod fit tightly. Excessive engine speed may have
caused bending of the pushrods. Roll push-rods and check for run out,
dimension (VT09). Lube oil from the hydraulic valve tappet passes to the rocker
arm through the bore (3).
See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
Fig. 72-98
70
10
20
109
2
8
3
7
4 5 6
60
0.01mm
50
30
40
2
1
VT09
2
0
90
80
3
07417
~160 mm
d02622
(6.30 in.)
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 85
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.16) Piston and cylinder assembly fitting
3.16.1) Hydraulic valve tappets fitting
Lubricate bearing bore for hydraulic valve tappets in crankcase. Apply
LOCTITE Anti-Seize to the contact surfaces of the hydraulic valve
tappets, lubricate their circumference and insert them into the crankcase according to the recorded position . The hydraulic valve tappet
must be able to turn in the crankcase without resistance.
3.16.2) Pistons fitting
See Figs. 72-99, 72-100, 72-101, 72-102, 72-103 72-104 and 72-105.
The piston pin center is offset from the piston center. During installation
of the piston, the arrow (1) on the piston crown must point toward the
propeller shaft. This means that on cylinders 1 and 3, the offset (narrower
side (2)) faces downwards, while on cylinders 2 and 4, the offset
(narrower side (3)) faces upwards.
Install the piston as shown on Fig. adjacent the offset of the piston pin
bore is 1 mm (0.039 in.).
If the arrow (1) on the piston crown is no longer visible, the piston must
be measured to determine the correct pin offset. See fig. 72-99/72-100.
Fig. 72-99
Fig. 72-100
1mm / 0,394 in
Kolbenmitte
piston centre
Nullhakenring /
circlip
Bolzenmitte
pin centre
Bolzenachse
pin axis
1 mm
0,0394 in
Kolbenachse
piston axis
1
d04776
00303
04709
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
72-00-00
page 86
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Zylinder 1 und 3 /
Cylinder 1 and 3
Zylinder 2 und 4 /
Cylinder 2 and 4
auf den Propellerflansch gesehen /
looking at propeller flange
Bolzenachse /
piston pin axis
3
Bolzenachse /
piston pin axis
Fig. 72-101
2
00305
Oil the entire length of the piston pin (4). The connecting rod eye (5) and
the piston pin bore (6) are also oiled. Insert piston pin with guide punch,
part no. 877802 (slide fit).
If this is not possible, the piston pin can be pulled in with the piston pin
tool (7), part no. 877091. Insert piston pin into one side of the piston
bore, insert spindle of installation tool (8) and fit nut (9). Turning the
spindle clockwise draws the piston pin in completely, up to the retaining
groove (10).
Fig. 72-102
4
8
00306
9
7
5
d02622
10 6
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72-00-00
page 87
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
■ CAUTION:
Always use new mono hook circlips! Used retaining
rings or retaining rings which have already been fitted
have too little tangential tension, can twist and thus
wear the groove in the piston.
Fit piston pin circlip with installation tool, part no. 877802. To do so,
press the mono hook circlip (11) into the groove (14) of the mounting
sleeve (13) and push guide punch (12) into the mounting sleeve. Slide
mounting sleeve onto the installation tool.
■ CAUTION : The position of the mono hook circlips is dictated by the
recess on the piston. When assembled, the open side
of the mono hook circlip must be positioned opposite
the piston crown. See Fig. 72-100.
Push installation tool (15) into the positioning gauge and press the ring
towards the front as far as the stop. Now position the complete
installation tool (15) on the piston. Support piston with hand and exert
strong pressure on the installation tool to push the mono hook circlip
(11) into the groove (16) of the piston. Apply same procedure on the
opposite side of the piston.
◆ NOTE:
Old style pistons (17) are made for hookless circlips,
the mono hook circlip must be reworked as described
in SI-21-1997 “Introduction of the mono hook circlip“,
latest issue. See Fig. 72-105.
Fig. 72-103
13
04706
12
11
15
d04776
14
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
72-00-00
page 88
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 72-104
02038
16
Fig. 72-105
(0.166 in)
4,2 mm
(0
.9
2i
n)
(0
.9
2i
n)
08206
d02622
17
(0.079 in)
2 mm
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 89
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.16.3) Cylinders fitting
See Fig. 72-106.
Place O-ring 87x2 on the cylinder skirt and oil the cylinder wall.
◆ NOTE:
On engines with crankcases bearing serial numbers up
to S/N 27811, there is an O-ring 87x2 fitted to depress
stud bolt M8x297. This O-ring is not fitted on housing
with serial numbers above S/N 06.0010.
◆ NOTE:
In case of oil leakages in the area of the cylinder barrel
a repair solution from crankcase S/N 06.0010 was
created. See SI-912-019/SI-914-021 “Oil leakages in
the area of the cylinder barrel”, latest issue.
■ CAUTION : To prevent breakage to the piston rings, the appropriate piston ring retainer, part no. 876978 or 876967
must be used. The gaps in the rings (2) and (3) must be
positioned in the prescribed angle range. See Fig. 72106.
Pay attention to the position of the piston ring gaps (4). The gap in the
first piston ring (1) should be positioned in the center of the bottom
piston skirt. The ring gap in the second piston ring (2) and the gap in
the oil scraper ring (3) should be inclined away from the center of the
top piston skirt at an angle of between 25° and max. 30°. See Fig. 72106.
■ CAUTION : The ring gap should never be in the area of the piston
pin bore.
■ CAUTION : Check twice whether the piston pin circlips are installed
as prescribed.
d04351
Lubricate piston, compress piston rings with piston ring retainer and
carefully fit the coordinated cylinder. Proceed in the same way for the
other cylinders.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
72-00-00
page 90
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
25° 30°
Fig. 72-106
25
°30
°
25° 30°
25
°-
30
°
05766
3
2
d02622
1
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 91
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.16.4) Cylinder head fitting
See Figs. 72-107, 72-108, 72-109 and 72-110.
Install respective pushrods (1) in both oil return tubes on the preassembled cylinder head and place pre-oiled O-ring (2) 16x5 on oil
return tube (3).
■ CAUTION : Adjust the piston of the cylinder head that should be
assembled on OT. This avoids that the valves are
“open” and due to the valve springs the cylinder head
rises back up and the O-rings of the oil return lines slip
out and are clamped.
Fit cylinder head until the O-rings (2) on both oil return tubes rest in the
crankcase (4). Now lift cylinder (5) until the centering (6) of the cylinder
engages in the cylinder head recess.
◆ NOTE:
This is a safety measure to prevent jamming of cylinder
head resulting in leakage.
◆ NOTE:
On engines of older design, washers (12) are fitted on
the hex. nuts M8. Recent findings show that it is no
longer necessary to fit these washers. These washers
are therefore not necessary when fitting a new cylinder
head.
Fit cylinder head and cylinder together on crankcase. First, slightly
tighten the cylinder head with 2 collar cap nuts M8 and 2 hex. nuts M8
crosswise. Ensure that the O-rings (2) are squeezed evenly into the
crankcase.
Repeat this procedure on the other cylinder heads.
Attach cylinder aligning tool (8), part no. 877262, to the intake flange of
the cylinder heads (10) with 4 allen screws (9) M6x25. Align cylinder
heads, thus warranting a flat support for intake manifold. Screw on
collar cap nut and flanged nut (11) with washer (12) and tighten cylinder
heads in the order shown in Fig.72-108. Tighten to 10 Nm (90 in.lb) and
then in addition tighten further by applying a 120° rotation. Remove 4
allen screws (9) and cylinder aligning tool.
If cylinder stud heads are damaged or if the cylinder
baffle clearance is too tight then the cylinder head studs
have to be replaced.
d05737
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
72-00-00
page 92
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Lubricate all moving parts in rocker arm compartment. Place O-ring (13)
105x2.5 and O-ring (14) 6.4x1.8 in the valve cover (15).
Fit valve cover and tighten with allen screw (16) M6x30 and washer (17)
to a tightening torque of 10 Nm (90 in.lb).
■ CAUTION : On the outer contour, there must be a gap of at least 0.2
mm (0.008 in.) between the valve covers. The valve
covers must not touch each other.
■ CAUTION : Never change the length of the valve cover screw!
Check whether threads are damaged. If this screw is
loose or if the valve cover is leaking, the oil return to the
oil tank by "blow-by gas" will not work at all or only
insufficiently.
Screw in spark plugs and tighten to 20 Nm (180 in.lb). Fit spark plug
connectors on spark plugs according to the coding sleeves, see 74-0000 sec. 3.4.
◆ NOTE:
Proceed as per Wiring Diagram. See 74-00-00
sec. 3.13.
Fig. 72-107
7
3
6
2
5
1
d05737
4
00278
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
72-00-00
page 93
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 72-108
7
1
8
2
6
4
5
3
07709
Fig. 72-109
11
12
8
10
10
9
08340
13
Fig. 72-110
15
14
d02622
00312
17
16
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 94
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.17) Intake manifold inspection and compensation tube assembly
See Fig. 72-111
Check the angular tube (1) screwed into the intake manifold for cracks and tight
fit, replace if necessary.
◆ NOTES:
Mark the position of the angular tube with a suitable pen (touchup
pen).
Remove the angular tube. Clean threads, apply MOLYKOTE G-N to both
angular tubes and fit them into position with at least 5 turns.
Attach compensation tube (2) and the resonator hoses (3) (long hose on cylinder
side 2/4) on both ends with screw hose clamps (4). The clip (5) serves to hook
in the carburetor support spring. See 73-00-00 sec. 3.5.
5 4
2
3
Fig. 72-111
1
MOLYKOTE G-N
08453
3.18) Crankshaft inspection
d04351
Measure the crankshaft (CS04, CS05, CS07 und CS24). See 72-00-00 sec. 4.
In the case of deviation, the whole assy. engine block must be sent to an ROTAX
authorized overhaul facility.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
72-00-00
page 95
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02622
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 96
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
4) Wear limits
3
3
1
1
Kurbelwelle
(crankshaft)
CS04
CS05
2
4
07710
1
3
3
1
2
4
CS07
20
30
40
60
90
109
2
8
3
7
4 5 6
0
10
0.01mm
70
50
80
Kurbelwelle
(crankshaft)
1
07507
d05737
07517
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
72-00-00
page 97
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
08748
d04776
08748
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
72-00-00
page 98
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
PI02
PI02
PI02
PI01
13mm
(0.51 in.)
07435
PI03
d02622
07403
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 99
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Pl04
Pl05
Pl06
07412
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
PI07 /
PI08 /
PI09
d02622
07432
72-00-00
page 100
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
07221
Piston
Cyl. 1
Piston red
79,5 mm / 3,1 in.
Piston green
79,5 mm / 3,1in.
Pl01
Piston red
84mm / 3,3 in.
Pl01
Piston green
84mm / 3,3 in.
Pl01
Clearance cyl. A
with Piston “red”
CY01/
Pl01
Clearance cyl. B
with Piston “green”
CY01/
Pl01
Piston pin bore
Pl02
79,502
79,390
79,439
3,1294
3,1300
3,1256
3,1275
Pl03
79,498
79,512
79,390
79,444
3,1298
3,1304
3,1256
3,1277
83,988
84,002
83,890
83,939
3,3066
3,3072
3,3027
3,3047
83,998
84,012
83,890
83,944
3,3070
3,3075
3,3027
3,3049
0,002
0,024
0,130
0,076
0,0001
0,0009
0,0051
0,0030
0,002
0,026
0,130
0,077
0,0001
0,0010
0,0051
0,0031
20,001
20,005
20,040
20,023
0,7874
0,7876
0,7890
0,7883
19,992
19,995
19,970
19,981
0,7871
0,7872
0,7862
0,7867
Cyl. 3
Cyl. 4
d05737
Piston pin
79,488
Pl01
Cyl. 2
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
72-00-00
page 101
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Description
Code
Maintenance Manual
Reading new
min
max
wear
limit
wear
limit
100%
50%
07221
Readings
Piston
Cyl. 1
0,006
0,0002
0,013
0,0005
0,050
0,0020
0,032
0,0012
actual
Piston pin clearance CS06/
in con rod
PI03
0,015
0,0006
0,035
0,0014
0,050
0,0020
0,043
0,0017
actual
Piston ring groove
clearance rectangu- PI04
lar ring 1
0,030
0,0012
0,062
0,0024
0,100
0,0039
0,081
0,0032
Piston ring groove
clearance tapered
compression ring 2
PI05
0,030
0,0012
0,062
0,0024
0,100
0,0039
0,081
0,0032
Piston ring groove
clearance oil scraper PI06
ring 3
0,020
0,0008
0,055
0,0022
0,100
0,0039
0,078
0,0031
Piston ring end gap
rectangular ring 1
PI07
0,15
0,0059
0,35
0,0138
1,00
0,0394
0,68
0,0266
Piston ring end gap
tapered compression ring 2
PI08
0,15
0,0059
0,35
0,0138
1,000
0,0394
0,68
0,0266
Piston ring end gap
oil scraper ring 3
PI09
0,15
0,0059
0,40
0,0157
1,00
0,0394
0,70
0,0276
PI02/
PI03
Cyl. 3
Cyl. 4
renewed
renewed
actual
renewed
actual
renewed
actual
renewed
actual
renewed
actual
renewed
actual
renewed
d04351
Pison pin clearance
in piston pin bore
Cyl. 2
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
72-00-00
page 102
July 01/2008
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
15
(0.197 in.)
(1.57 in.)
(2.99 in.)
07485
CH05
(0.197 in.)
CH05
07831
d05737
07427
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
72-00-00
page 103
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
1
(0.12 in.)
3 mm
(0.12 in.)
2
VT01
5
07443
max 20%
VT02
10
0
20
90
0.0
80
70
VT01
3 mm
3
0 9 8 7
1
6
2
3 4 5
60
1m
m
30
40
50
5
07482
4
4
~45 mm
(1.77 in.)
~25 mm
(0.98 in.)
F
3
0
T
VT04
V
07483
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 104
May 01/2007
d02622
VT
03
07425
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
VT
05
07498
07496
VT06
07497
VT08
07409
VT07
0
90
10
20
80
70
109
2
8
3
7
4 5 6
0.01mm
50
30
40
VT09
60
07417
~160 mm
d02622
(6.30 in.)
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 105
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
08207
d04776
07488
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
72-00-00
page 106
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
07222
Cylinder
Cyl. 1
(D1)
Cylinderbore
A 79,5 mm /
3,1 in.
Cylinderbore
B 79,5 mm /
3,1 in.
(D2)
79,500
79,512
79,580
79,546
3,1299
3,1304
3,1331
3,1317
CY01
CY02
CY01 + 0,015
CY01 +0,0006
CY01 +/- 0,008
(D3)
CY03
(D1)
CY01
CY01 +/- 0,0003
(D3)
CY02
79,590
79,566
3,1304
3,1316
3,1335
3,1325
CY01 +/- 0,008
CY03
CY01 +/-0,0003
(D1)
Cylinderbore
A 84 mm /
3,3 in.
CY01
(D2)
CY02
(D3)
CY03
(D1)
CY01
84,080
84,046
3,3071
3,3075
3,3102
3,3089
CY01 + 0,015
CY01 +/-0,0003
84,012
3,3075
84,057
3,3080
3,3106
3,3093
CY01 +0,0006
CY01 +/- 0,008
CY01 +/-0,0003
Cylinderovality
CY01 +0,020/-0,008
CY01 +0,0008/
-0,0003
84,090
CY02
(D3) CY03
CY01 +0,020/-0,008
CY01 +0,0006/
-0,0003
84,024
CY01 + 0,015
(D2)
CY01 +0,020/-0,008
CY01 +0,0008/
-0,0003
84,012
CY01 +/- 0,008
Cylinderbore
B 84 mm /
3,3 in.
CY01 +0,015/-0,008
CY01 +0,0006/
-0,0003
84,000
CY01 +0,0006
Cyl. 4
CY01 +0,020/-0,008
CY01 +0,0008/
-0,0003
79,524
CY01 +0,0006
Cyl. 3
CY01 +0,015/-0,008
CY01 +0,0006/
-0,0003
79,512
CY01 + 0,015
(D2)
Cyl. 2
CY01 +0,015/-0,008
CY01 +0,0006/
-0,0003
CY01 +0,020/-0,008
CY01 +0,0008/
-0,0003
0,0000
0,007
0,050
0,029
0,0000
0,0003
0,0020
0,0011
0,0000
0,030
0,060
0,045
0,0000
0,0012
0,0024
0,0018
0,0000
0,0000
0,10
0,0000
0,0000
0,0039
d05737
Cylindertaper
Rework of sealing
surface Cylinder/Cylinder head
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
72-00-00
page 107
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
09475
Cylinder head
Cyl. 1
Int. V. CH01
Valve guide
bore inner
diameter
Exh. V. CH01
Valve seat
width
Int. V. CH02
Exh. V. CH02
Int. V. VT01
Valve stem
diameter
Exh. V. VT01
Valve stem
clearance
Int. V. CH01/
VT01
CH01/
Exh. V. VT01
Int. V. VT02
Exh. V. VT02
7,018
7,150
7,084
0,2758
0,2763
0,2815
0,2789
7,006
7,018
7,150
7,084
0,2758
0,2763
0,2815
0,2789
1,40
1,90
2,40
2,15
0,0551
0,0748
0,0945
0,0846
1,50
2,00
2,50
2,25
0,0591
0,0787
0,0984
0,0886
6,965
6,980
6,940
6,953
0,2742
0,2748
0,2732
0,2737
6,965
6,980
6,940
6,953
0,2742
0,2748
0,2732
0,2737
0,026
0,053
0,150
0,102
0,0010
0,0021
0,0059
0,0040
0,026
0,053
0,150
0,102
0,0010
0,0021
0,0059
0,0040
0,00
0,03
0,04
0,035
0,0000
0,0012
0,0016
0,0014
0,00
0,03
0,04
0,035
0,0000
0,0012
0,0016
0,0014
Cyl. 3
Cyl. 4
d04776
Out of round
of valve
head
7,006
Cyl. 2
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
72-00-00
page 108
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Description
Code
Maintenance Manual
Reading new
min
max
wear
limit
wear
limit
100%
50%
07223
Readings
Cylinder head
Cyl. 1
Int. V.
VT03
Wear on
valve head
Exh. V. VT03
Spring
length at test
load, inner
Spring
length at test
load, outer
Int. V.
VT04
Exh. V. VT04
Int. V.
VT04
Exh. V. VT04
Int. V. VT04
Spring
length at test
load,
SINGLE
Exh. V. VT04
Rocker arm
shaft support bore
Rocker arm
shaft support bore
"oversize"
Int. V.
CH05
Exh. V. CH05
Int. V.
CH05
Exh. V. CH05
Int. V.
VT05
Rocker arm
shaft
0,0
0,000
0,2
0,008
0,1
0,004
actual
0,0
0,000
0,0
0,000
0,2
0,008
0,1
0,004
actual
30,4
1,197
31,6
1,244
30,0
1,181
30,2
1,189
actual
30,4
1,197
31,6
1,244
30,0
1,181
30,2
1,189
actual
32,4
1,276
33,6
1,323
32,0
1,260
32,2
1,268
actual
32,4
1,276
33,6
1,323
32,0
1,260
32,2
1,268
actual
32,4
1,276
33,6
1,323
32,0
1,260
32,2
1,268
actual
32,4
1,276
33,6
1,323
32,0
1,260
32,2
1,268
actual
12,000
0,4724
12,018
0,4731
12,090
0,4760
12,054
0,4746
actual
12,000
0,4724
12,018
0,4731
12,090
0,4760
12,054
0,4746
actual
12,200
0,4803
12,218
0,4810
12,290
0,4839
12,254
0,4824
actual
12,200
0,4803
12,218
0,4810
12,290
0,4839
12,254
0,4824
actual
11,983
0,4718
11,994
0,4722
11,950
0,4705
11,967
0,4711
actual
11,983
0,4718
11,994
0,4722
11,950
0,4705
11,967
0,4711
actual
Cyl. 3
Cyl. 4
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
d02622
Exh. V. VT05
0,0
0,000
Cyl. 2
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 109
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Description
Code
Maintenance Manual
Reading new
min
max
wear
limit
wear
limit
100%
50%
07223
Readings
Cylinder head
Cyl. 1
12,183
0,4796
12,194
0,4801
12,150
0,4783
12,167
0,4790
actual
12,183
0,4796
12,194
0,4801
12,150
0,4783
12,167
0,4790
actual
0,006
0,0002
0,035
0,0014
0,150
0,0059
0,093
0,0036
actual
0,006
0,0002
0,035
0,0014
0,150
0,0059
0,093
0,0036
actual
16,000
0,6299
16,018
0,6306
16,038
0,6314
16,028
0,6310
actual
16,000
0,6299
16,018
0,6306
16,038
0,6314
16,028
0,6310
actual
12,000
0,4724
12,027
0,4735
12,150
0,4783
12,089
0,4759
actual
12,000
0,4724
12,027
0,4735
12,150
0,4783
12,089
0,4759
actual
12,200
0,4803
12,227
0,4814
12,350
0,4862
12,289
0,4838
actual
12,200
0,4803
12,227
0,4814
12,350
0,4862
12,289
0,4838
actual
Rocker arm Int. V. VT07/
VT05
radial clearance (in the
bronze
VT07/
Exh. V.
bushing)
VT05
0,006
0,0002
0,044
0,0017
0,160
0,0063
0,102
0,0040
actual
0,006
0,0002
0,044
0,0017
0,160
0,0063
0,102
0,0040
actual
Wall thickInt. V. VT08
ness of
rocker arm
plastic bushExh. V. VT08
ing
1,95
0,0768
1,98
0,0780
1,90
0,0748
1,93
0,0758
actual
1,95
0,0768
1,98
0,0780
1,90
0,0748
1,93
0,0758
actual
Rocker arm
shaft "oversize"
Int. V.
VT05
Exh. V. VT05
CH05/
Rocker arm Int. V. VT05
shaft radial
clearance
suppurt bore Exh. V. CH05/
VT05
Rocker arm Int. V. VT06
bore (for
plastic bushing)
Exh. V. VT06
Rocker arm
bore (with
bronze
bushing)
VT07
Exh. V. VT07
Int. V.
VT07
Exh. V. VT07
Cyl. 3
Cyl. 4
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
renewed
d02622
Rocker arm
bore (with
bronze
bushing)
"oversize"
Int. V.
Cyl. 2
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 110
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Description
Code
07582
Reading new
min
max
wear
limit
wear
limit
100%
50%
Readings
Cylinder head
Cyl. 1
Int. V
Push rod
deflection
Exh. V
VT09
VT09
0,000
0,100
0,200
0,150
actual
0,0000
0,0039
0,0079
0,0059
renewed
0,000
0,100
0,200
0,150
0,0000
0,0039
0,0079
0,0059
Cyl. 2
Cyl. 3
Cyl. 4
actual
renewed
Intermediate gear of electric starter
Idle gear bore
ES01
ES02
Radial clearance
ES01/
ES02
12,035
0,4738
12,057
0,4747
11,973
11,984
0,4714
0,4718
actual
12,046
0,4743
renewed
11,90
11,96
actual
0,470
0,47
renewed
0,016
0,0
0,10
0,0
actual
0,0006
0,00
0,00
0,00
renewed
d05737
Idle gear SHAFT
12,000
0,4724
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
72-00-00
page 111
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
40
GB04
GB03
GB02
3
GB01
1
2
XXX
90
60
109
2
8
3
7
4 5 6
50
20
30
70
0
10
0.01mm
80
Maintenance Manual
1
07453
GB08
GB11
GB06
GB05
1
GB03
07452
Ausführung 3
07454
7
GB07
07420
3 mm
7,
CS0
5
1
GB
07436
GB13
GB
GB 14,
16
d02622
07471
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 112
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
GB18
80
70
90
0
10
40
0.01mm
50
109
2
8
3
7
4 5 6
60
IH01
20
30
07456
d02622
ES10
07508
07506
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 113
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Code
Description
Reading new
min
max
wear
limit
wear
limit
100%
50%
08471
Readings
Propeller gear box
1) Bearing bush in gear cover
28,03
1,1035
28,04
1,1039
28,10
1,1063
28,07
1,1051
actual
GB01/
CS04
0,03
0,0012
0,05
0,0020
0,12
0,0047
0,0
0,0033
actual
Propeller shaft dia.
35 mm
35,009
1,3783
35,020
1,3787
35,003
1,3781
35,006
1,3782
actual
GB02
Propeller shaft dia.
31,5 mm
31,470
1,2390
31,481
1,2394
31,460
1,2386
31,465
1,2388
actual
GB03
Out of true on prop
shaft flange, dia. 122 GB04
mm
0,00
0,0000
0,05
0,0020
0,06
0,0024
0,0
0,0022
Bore at back end of
prop shaft (on version 3 only)
11,00
0,4331
11,02
0,4339
Spigot dia. On oil
inlet flange, (on ver- GB06
sion 3 only)
10,935
0,4305
10,960
0,4315
Radial clearance of
spigot
0,040
0,0016
0,085
0,0033
0,160
0,0063
0,123
0,0048
actual
1,075
0,0423
1,325
0,0522
1,000
0,0394
1,038
0,0408
actual
5,20
0,2047
5,40
0,2126
4,8
0,1889
5,00
0,1968
actual
Bore
Radial clearance
GB01
renewed
renewed
2) Propeller shaft
GB05
GB05/
GB06
renewed
renewed
actual
renewed
actual
renewed
actual
renewed
renewed
3) Dog gear, Thrust washer
Free height of disk
spring
GB13
Description
Reading new
min
max
wear
limit
wear
limit
100%
50%
renewed
renewed
08486
Readings
Crankshaft
Crankshaft
angle of twist
Cyl. 1
GB 20
2
0
(degrees) (degrees)
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
Cyl. 2
Cyl. 3
Cyl. 4
actual
d05737
GB11
Code
Thickness of thrust
washer
renewed
72-00-00
page 114
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
07241
4) Tooth profile
Crankshaft
0,95
1,00
0,80
0,88
0,0374
0,0374
0,0315
0,0344
1,00
0,80
0,88
CS07
0,95
Drive Gear
Propeller shaft
Clutch / Dog Hub
GB14
GB15
0,0374
0,0374
0,0315
0,0344
1,50
1,60
1,10
1,30
0,0591
0,0630
0,0433
0,0512
1,50
1,60
1,10
1,30
0,0591
0,0630
0,0433
0,0512
GB16
5) gear set, Backlash on gear set
Drive gear pitting up
to 5% of flank area
0,0
0,0
5,0%
2,5%
Dog gear pitting up
to 5% of flank area
0,0
0,0
5,0%
2,5%
0,07
0,15
0,0028
0,0059
0,20
0,0079
1,0
0,039
1,2
0,5
0,8
0,047
0,020
0,030
0,0
0,0
0,000
0,000
0,2
0,008
Backlash of teeth
GB18
0,18
0,0069
6) Overload clutch
Axial gap
Wear on dog hub
GB07
GB08
0,1
0,004
Ignition housing
Bearing bush in
ignition housing
IH01
Radial clearance
IH01/
CS05
32,03
32,04
32,10
32,07
1,2610
1,2614
1,2638
1,2626
0,03
0,0012
0,05
0,0020
0,12
0,0047
0,0033
0,5
0,020
1,1
0,043
0,2
0,008
0,014
0,09
d05737
Sprag clutch
Axial clearance
ES10
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
0,35
72-00-00
page 115
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02622
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 116
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
5) Form Sheets
5.1)
Form sheet for material testing ROTAX 912/914 Series
5.1.1)
Inspection on cracks (see also 00-00-00, section 10.4)
07207
Findings
Description
Remarks
yes
Checked
no
Flywheel hub
Propeller shaft
dog gear
dog hub
drive gear
5.1.2)
Hardness test according to DIN EN ISO 6506-2 HB 2.5/62.5
CY04
CH08
A
A
07413
Description
Readings
view min.
Code
07424
CA05
630 HV10
CA04
900 N/mm2
07206
Actual readings
Remarks
Checked
Camshaft
d05737
Cyl. 1 Cyl. 2 Cyl. 3 Cyl. 4
Cylinder head
CH08
85 HB
Cylinder
CY04
90 HB
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
72-00-00
page 117
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02622
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
72-00-00
page 118
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
SECTION 73
FUEL SYSTEM
1) Table of contents
d04777
SECTION 73
FUEL SYSTEM
1) Table of contents .................................................................................... 73-00-00 / 1
2) Systems description ............................................................................... 73-00-00 / 3
2.1) Fuel system (on 912 Series) ......................................................... 73-00-00 / 3
2.2) Fuel system (on 914 Series) ......................................................... 73-00-00 / 5
2.3) Fuel filter ....................................................................................... 73-00-00 / 7
2.4) Fuel pump (on 912 Series)............................................................ 73-00-00 / 7
2.5) Fuel pump (on 914 Series)............................................................ 73-00-00 / 7
2.6) Fuel pressure regulator (only on 914 Series) ................................ 73-00-00 / 8
2.7) Pressure connecting lines (only on 914 Series) ............................ 73-00-00 / 10
2.8) BING constant depression carburetor type 64-3 .......................... 73-00-00 / 12
2.9) Handling of fuel ............................................................................. 73-00-00 / 15
2.10) Connections for instrumentation ................................................... 73-00-00 / 15
2.10.1) Airbox air temperature display (only on 914 Series) ............. 73-00-00 / 15
2.10.2) Boost pressure display.......................................................... 73-00-00 / 15
2.11) Carb heat system and winter operation ........................................ 73-00-00 / 16
3) Maintenance ........................................................................................... 73-00-00 / 16
3.1) Disassembling fuel pump, carburetors, carburetor sockets, fuel lines
and drip tray (on the 912 Series) .................................................. 73-00-00 / 16
3.2) Disassembling carburetors, carburetor sockets, fuel lines
and drip tray (on the 914 Series) .................................................. 73-00-00 / 21
3.3) BING-constant depression carburetor inspection ........................ 73-00-00 / 23
3.3.1) General note ......................................................................... 73-00-00 / 23
3.3.2) Float needle valve leakage test ........................................... 73-00-00 / 24
3.3.3) Individual components of the carburetor (on the 912 Series)73-00-00 / 25
3.3.4) Individual components of the carburetor (on the 914 Series)73-00-00 / 26
3.3.5) Diaphragm ............................................................................ 73-00-00 / 27
3.3.6) Jet needle ............................................................................. 73-00-00 / 27
3.3.7) Float chamber, floats ............................................................ 73-00-00 / 29
3.3.8) Float brackets ....................................................................... 73-00-00 / 30
3.3.9) Carburetor jets ...................................................................... 73-00-00 / 31
3.3.10) Float needle valve inspection ............................................... 73-00-00 / 32
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
73-00-00
page 1
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d04352
3.3.11) Starting carburetor (choke) .................................................. 73-00-00 / 33
3.3.12) Carburetor assembly ............................................................ 73-00-00 / 33
3.3.13) Carburetor synchronization................................................... 73-00-00 / 35
3.3.14) Idle speed adjustment .......................................................... 73-00-00 / 35
3.3.15) Throttle cable and linkage ..................................................... 73-00-00 / 35
3.4) General information on the fuel system ........................................ 73-00-00 / 36
3.4.1) Fuel pressure (on 912 Series) .............................................. 73-00-00 / 37
3.4.2) Fuel pressure (on 914 Series) .............................................. 73-00-00 / 39
3.4.3) Carburetor sockets and compensation tube ......................... 73-00-00 / 40
3.4.3.1) Carburetor sockets .................................................. 73-00-00 / 40
3.4.3.2) Compensation tube ................................................. 73-00-00 / 40
3.4.4) Fuel pressure regulator (only on 914 Series) ....................... 73-00-00 / 42
3.4.5) Fuel pump (on 912 Series) ................................................... 73-00-00 / 43
3.4.6) Fuel pump (on 914 Series) ................................................... 73-00-00 / 45
3.4.7) Pressure connecting lines (only on 914 Series).................... 73-00-00 / 47
3.5) Assembly of carburetor sockets, carburetor and fuel lines ........... 73-00-00 / 51
3.5.1) Fuel pump ............................................................................. 73-00-00 / 51
3.5.2) Carburetors and carburetor sockets ..................................... 73-00-00 / 51
3.5.3) Assembly of the fuel lines (on 912 Series) ........................... 73-00-00 / 53
3.5.4) Assembly of the fuel lines (on 914 Series) ........................... 73-00-00 / 57
3.6) Intake manifolds fitting ................................................................. 73-00-00 / 59
3.7) Engaging the carburetor support .................................................. 73-00-00 / 59
3.8) Connecting fuel lines (tank) ........................................................... 73-00-00 / 60
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
73-00-00
page 2
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2) Systems description
2.1)
Fuel system (on 912 Series)
See Fig. 73-1.
The fuel system comprises the following items:
-
fuel tank
coarse filter
fine filter
water drain cock
fire cock
1 mechanical fuel pump
2 carburetors
and the required fuel piping and connections
The fuel passes from the tank (1) with the coarse filter (2) via the fire cock (3),
the water drain cock (4) and the fine filter (5) to the mechanical fuel pump (6).
The latter then pumps the fuel to the two carburetors (7).
The surplus fuel passes back to the tank or to the suction side of the fuel system
via the return line (8).
The return line prevents malfunctions caused by the formation
of vapor lock. The return line must be restricted to allow
circulation of surplus fuel and air without loosing pressure.
d02623
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
73-00-00
page 3
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 73-1
1
2
5
zum Tank
to fuel tank
8
3
4
6
zum Manometer /
to fuel pressure gauge
7
00535
Legend:
(1) inlet from the tank
(2) coarse filter
(3) fire cock
(4) water drain cock
(5) fine filter
(6) mechanical fuel pump
(7) carburetors
d02623
(8) return line to tank
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
73-00-00
page 4
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2.2)
Fuel system (on 914 Series)
See Fig. 73-2.
The fuel system comprises the following items:
-
fuel tank
coarse filter
fine filter / water trap
fire cock
2 electric fuel pumps
2 check valves
and the required fuel piping and connections
The fuel flows from the tank via a combination of filter and water trap (1) to the
two electric fuel pumps ((2) and (3)), connected in series, passes on to the fuel
pressure regulator (5) and further on to the individual carburetors.
A separate check valve (4) is installed parallel to each fuel pump.
◆ NOTE:
The arrangement of the two fuel pumps connected in series
yields better reserves against vapor lock at high altitudes and
temperatures.
The two check valves in the system are necessary to ensure
trouble free operation of the fuel system with one pump only.
The surplus fuel passes from the fuel pressure regulator back to the tank via the
return line (7).
The fuel pressure regulator serves to maintain the fuel pressure
at always approx. 0.25 bar (3.6 p.s.i.) above the changing boost
pressure in the airbox, thus ensuring proper operation of the
carburetors.
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◆ NOTE:
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Edition 1 / Rev. 0
73-00-00
page 5
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 73-2a
7
5
3
2
AUX
MAIN
4
8
4
1
8
6
Fig. 73-2b
00103
Legend:
(1) fine filter / water trap
(2) main fuel pump (MAIN)
(3) auxiliary fuel pump (AUX)
(4) check valve
00157
(5) fuel pressure regulator
(6) inlet from the tank
(7) return line to tank
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(8) fuel filter
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73-00-00
page 6
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BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
2.3)
Fuel filter
A fine filter in the fuel supply line between tank and inlet to the two fuel pumps
must have been installed by the aircraft manufacturer.
◆ NOTE:
2.4)
At the suction side the fuel pumps are equipped with a filter.
Fuel pump (on 912 Series)
The engines of the 912 Series are equipped with a mechanical fuel pump. It is
driven via an eccenter in the propeller gearbox.
2.5)
Fuel pump (on 914 Series)
To warrant safe and adequate operation of the fuel system, two independent
selfpriming vane pumps are used. The voltage supply to the two pumps must
be established completely independently.
◆ NOTE:
Voltage supply to main pump (MAIN) directly from internal
alternator and supply to the supplementary pump (AUX) from
bus bar or battery.
For engine operation, the rate of delivery of one pump alone is
entirely sufficient.
Use only genuine ROTAX fuel pumps, as the pump must meet
certain requirements.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
73-00-00
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■ CAUTION:
page 7
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2.6)
Fuel pressure regulator (only on 914 Series)
See Figs. 73-3 and 73-4.
The fuel pressure regulator (1) is mounted on the airbox.
Fuel pressure control is essential for flawless engine operation because it keeps
the fuel pressure permanently at approx. 0.25 bar (3.6 p.s.i.) above the varying
boost pressure in the airbox.
Design and function of the fuel pressure regulator:
The diaphragm (2) divides the pressure regulator into the top fuel chamber (3)
and the air chamber (4). The force of the pressure spring, which is set by the
adjusting screw (5) establishes an equilibrium of forces on the diaphragm at a
fuel pressure 0.25 bar (3.6 p.s.i.) above the actual airbox pressure on the other
side.
■ CAUTION:
All fuel pressure regulators are calibrated by the engine manufacturer and need no further adjustment or maintenance.
◆ NOTE:
The arrows cast into the top side of the fuel pressure regulator
are of no significance for the usage, as inlet (6) and outlet (7) are
directly connected via the chamber.
◆ NOTE:
Ensure that the cap nut (8) is securely tightened, as otherwise
the fuel pressure may drop.
Fig. 73-3
7
7
1
Fig. 73-4
00117
fuel return
6
fuel return
3
fuel feed
8
carburetor
airbox
2
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8
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Part of the fuel flow from the pumps (approx. 100 l/h) is routed back to the fuel tank
via the diaphragm controlled cone valve (8), thus establishing a pressure 0.25
bar (3.6 p.s.i.) higher in the top chamber (fuel side) than in the lower chamber (air
side).
Since the lower chamber is connected with the airbox via the pressure line, the
pressure of the fuel entering the carburetor will also be 0.25 bar (3.6 p.s.i.) above
airbox/float chamber pressure.
Fuel pressure = airbox pressure + 250 hPa
At 1000 m altitude with the prevailing ambient pressure of approx. 900 hPa, the
following values will arise at take-off performance:
Fuel pressure = 1370 + 250 = 1620 hPa
Therefore the required delivery pressure of the fuel pump will be
1620 - 900 = 720 hPa
Rising airbox pressure will press the diaphragm upwards, thus preventing fuel
flow back to the tank, i.e. fuel pressure rises until equilibrium is reached again.
■ CAUTION:
Correct excess fuel pressure is essential for proper functioning
of the carburetor.
too low fuel pressure (wrong calibration, malfunction of regulator or fuel
pumps...) leads to a leaner mixture and can result in engine faults or engine
failure as not enough fuel or no fuel at all reaches the float chamber.
-
too high fuel pressure (wrong calibration, malfunction of regulator, increased flow resistance, blockage of return line,...) leads to a richer mixture
till flooding of carburetors occurs, causing engine faults or engine stoppage.
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2.7)
Pressure connecting lines (only on 914 Series)
See Fig. 73-5.
The engines of the 912/914 Series are equipped with constant depression
carburetors. For the operation of the carburetors it is necessary that
a) the atmospheric pressure in the float chamber corresponds with
atmospheric pressure at carburetor air intake (airbox)
With varying airbox pressure (carb air intake) this changing pressure must
also act upon the float chamber.
For this reason, the float chamber venting is connected to the airbox via a
pressure connecting line (1).
b) the fuel pressure is approx. 0.25 bar (3.6 p.s.i.) above the pressure at
air intake (airbox).
For this reason, the fuel pressure regulator (only on 914 Series) is connected
to the airbox via a pressure connecting line (1).
Enriching of the fuel air mixture at take-off performance
The airbox is furnished with 2 separately located pressure connections connected with the 3-way solenoid valve (2) via pressure connecting lines (1).
Up to maximum continuous performance (approx. 1190 hPa airbox pressure),
the float chambers of the carburetors are vented with the static airbox pressure
via connection (3). At an airbox pressure above 1270 hPa, the pressure in the
float chambers will be raised by the ram air pressure at airbox (connection (4))
initiated by the TCU via an electric solenoid valve (2).
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As a result, the effective pressure in the fuel bowl will be increased by the same
amount.
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73-00-00
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
The purpose of enriching the mixture is to reduce the thermal load on the
engine during the shorter takeoff phase and to provide added protection against
knocking combustion (detonation).
▲ WARNING: The pressure connecting lines must function properly to ensure
correct engine running. Otherwise engine stoppage can be
expected. The lines must therefore be in serviceable condition
and free of kinks, secured with clamps and seated securely on
their connections.
Fig. 73-5
1
1 2
1
1
1
4
1
3 1
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2.8)
BING constant depression carburetor type 64-3
See Figs. 73-6, 73-7 and 73-8.
The BING constant depression carburetor type 64-3 is a cross-draft butterfly
valve carburetor with variable venturi, double float system arranged centrally
below the venturi, and a rotary disc valve type starting carburetor. Its particular
feature is the carburetor piston (2), which is suspended on a rubber diaphragm
(3) and protrudes into the venturi. It adjusts the smallest crosssection (“air
funnel”) of the venturi depending on the vacuum prevailing there. The vacuum
is influenced by actuation of the throttle valve (1) and the carburetor piston
moves accordingly. The throttle valve diameter is 36 mm (1.42 in.).
When the fuel has reached the specified level in the float chamber, the floats
close the needle valve (4) via the float bracket, thus preventing any further
supply of fuel.
◆ NOTE:
The atmospheric pressure in the float chamber is decisive for
the function of the carburetor and must correspond with the air
pressure at entry into the carburetor. Too high pressure enriches the mixture, too low pressure leans down the mixture,
possibly leading to engine stop.
The float chamber airspace is connected by a channel with the venting nipple
(18). The channel must be clear. With a hose connected on the venting nipple,
the correct pressure in the float chamber is established.
The amount of mixture drawn in by the engine and thus its performance are
determined by the cross-sectional area in the venturi, which is opened by the
throttle valve (1). If the throttle valve is opened while the engine is running, the
increased airflow in the venturi results in a vacuum building up at the outlet of
the needle jet (16), which draws fuel from the float chamber through the jet
system.
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The vacuum in the venturi acts on the top side of the diaphragm via the bore (12)
in the carburetor piston and attempts to lift the piston against its own weight and
the spring. The reference pressure prevailing between air filter and carburetor
(e.g. ambient air pressure) is applied to the bottom side of the diaphragm via
channel (13). The space in the cover above the piston guide is vented through
bore (14). The bore diameter determines the piston damping.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
73-00-00
page 12
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
On its way from the float chamber to the venturi, the fuel passes through the main
jet (7), the mixing tube and the needle jet and in the diffuser tube (8) is pre-mixed
with air which is brought in from the air filter via the air duct (9) and the atomizer
in an annular flow around the needle jet. This air flow assists the atomizing
process and favors fuel distribution in the manifold.
The jet needle (10), which is responsible for part load, is kept in the defined
position by the retaining clip (11).
14
3
13
2
1
11
6
12
10
8
9
16
5
4
15
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02931
Fig. 73-6
7
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Edition 1 / Rev. 0
73-00-00
page 13
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
During idling and low-load operation of the engine, the throttle valve is closed to
such an extent that the airflow underneath the carburetor piston (2) no longer
forms a sufficient vacuum. The supply of fuel to the intake air is then effected
via the idling system, which consists of the idle jet (5) and the idling air jet (6).
As an aid for starting a cold engine, the BING constant depression carburetor
is provided with a rotary disc valve starting carburetor (17) using a Bowden
cable.
▲ WARNING: With the throttle lever not connected, the carburetor will remain
in full throttle position. See Fig. 73-7.
For this reason, never start the engine without first connecting the throttle lever.
Fig. 73-7
full
throttle
17
00128
Fig. 73-8
17
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00035
18
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73-00-00
page 14
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
2.9)
Handling of fuel
Use only clean gasoline of a registered brand.
Unleaded fuels contain alcohol. Alcohol binds up to 50 % of its own volume in
water. Water enters the system mainly in the form of condensation. For this
reason, avoid extreme differences in temperature, long period storage, direct
sun and plastic containers. When handling fuel, observe the directives without
fail.
When refuelling, observe the relevant regulations of the competent aviation
authorities.
▲ WARNING: Before refueling, switch off ignition and remove ignition key!
▲ WARNING: Filter fuel (using filter funnel) when filling the tank. Use only
clean, non-translucent safety approved fuel containers.
▲ WARNING: Only handle fuel in well ventilated places. Never fill fuel in
enclosed spaces. Gasoline is highly inflammable and explosive.
Do not smoke, do not allow open flames or sparks in the vicinity.
Do not fill the tank to the brim, allow for expansion of the fuel.
Never refuel while engine is running.
For further information, see SI-912-016 and SI-914-019 “Operating fluids“,
latest issue.
2.10) Connections for instrumentation
■ CAUTION:
Also consult the instructions regarding the connection for
instrumentation in the Installation Manual.
2.10.1) Airbox air temperature display (only on 914 Series)
A connection is provided in the airbox for measurement of the air
temperature . On the standard engines, this connection is closed by a
plug screw.
2.10.2) Boost pressure display
A connection is provided for an absolute pressure gauge in the
compensation tube for the indication of the boost pressure.
If no manifold pressure gauge is installed make sure that the
connector is sealed so that no external air can be drawn in.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
73-00-00
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■ CAUTION:
page 15
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
◆ NOTE:
On newer engines the manifold pressure fitting is plugged with
a M 3.5 screw. Remove this screw before attaching a manifold
pressure hose. See therefore SI-912-020 and SI-914-022 “running modifications” respectively.
2.11) Carb heat system and winter operation
The risks of carburetor icing are commonly known. The icing of air humidity in
the carburetor may be avoided by preheating the air.
◆ NOTE:
An airbox with a carburetor preheating flap is available for
engines of the 912 Series.
◆ NOTE:
Engines of the 914 Series normally do not require any preheating
device as the intake air is preheated by the turbocharger.
◆ WARNING: Carburetor icing is a common cause of engine faults.
Because of the heating up of intake air due to the boost process,
preheating of the intake air might not be necessary. But the
option of a change over for air intake from the engine compartment is recommended as, for instance, the filter could be
blocked by icing.
Preheating of the intake air will result in loss of engine performance because of the reduction in air density.
A further measure to reduce the risk of carburetor icing is to keep the water
content of the fuel low by proper handling. Also, install a generously dimensioned
water trap in the fuel system of the aircraft to prevent the formation of ice in the
fuel lines, filters etc.
3) Maintenance
The following sections describe maintenance procedure for engines of the 912/914
Series above and beyond the maintenance and special checks, see corresponding
Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or
914 Series, and the systems descriptions given hitherto. The description is divided into
subsections and descriptions of the function of the various systems.
3.1)
Disassembling fuel pump, carburetors, carburetor sockets, fuel lines
and drip tray (on the 912 Series)
See Fig. 73-9, 73-9/1 and 73-9/2.
When disassembling the fuel lines support them so that tension
or additional strain is avoided.
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■ CAUTION:
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Edition 1 / Rev. 3
73-00-00
page 16
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
■ CAUTION:
Replace the insulating flange each time when the fuel pump is
removed.
To remove the fuel pump (1) remove feed line (2) and hex nuts (3), then remove
the fuel pump together with the insulating flange (4).
◆ NOTE:
See SI-912-020 “Running modification”, latest issue.
The carburetors must be removed for inspection or maintenance.
◆ NOTE:
Models produced from the year 2007 onwards have a flexible
fuel line (5). See Fig. 73-9/2.
◆ NOTE:
Usually it is not necessary to remove the clamp block (6).
However, if it should become necessary to remove it, ensure
that it is refitted in the same position.
Rigid fuel line
The fuel line (7) is supported by a cable clamp (8) on the carburetors. These
clamps are attached with allen screws M5x12 (9) and lock nuts (10), which must
be removed. Unscrew the collar nut (11) from the carburetor. Unscrew the banjo
bolts (12) from the clamp block (6).
◆ NOTE:
Airboxes of older build have drainage conncectors in vertical
alignment.
3
2
1
7
10
6
4
8
9 11
12
7
Fig. 73-9
8
9
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BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
32
31
30
29
7
Fig. 73-9/1
34
29
33
11
28
7
11
28
28
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Maintenance Manual
Flexible fuel line
See Fig. 73-9/2
Each fuel line (5) is supported by a cable clamp (13) on the intake manifold. Each
of these clamps is attached with an allen nut M8 (14), which must be removed.
Further the fuel line is attached with 2 cable straps (15) to the compensation tube
(16).
At the carburetors the ring hose nipple of the fuel line is installed with a distance
sleeve (17) and sealing rings (18). After unscrewing the banjo bolt (19) take off
the fuel lines.
14
13
5
20
21
26
6
16
15
17
18
23
22 15
19
18
25
24
20
Fig. 73-9/2
08180
5
19
All fuel lines lead to the fuel manifold. Unscrew the banjo bolts (20). Remove the
fuel line (21) (hose line).
Now the fuel lines (5 or 7), the ring hose nipple (22) (connection for return line and
pressure gauge) and 5 sealing rings (23) can be removed.
Unscrew allen screw M10x1x8 (24) with the sealing ring (25).
d04777
Carry out a visual inspection of all fuel lines for damage and wear. Pay particular
attention to the formation of any cracks in the area of the connections.
Check the lines for free passage with compressed air and inspect the lines for
scuffing marks.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
73-00-00
page 19
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Carry out a visual inspection of the clamp block (6) of the fuel manifold, the two
banjo bolts (20) and the ring hose nipple (22).
◆ NOTE:
It is not normally necessary to remove the clamp block (6).
However, if it should become necessary to remove it, it must be
reattached with an allen screw M5x16 (26) (tightening torque 6
Nm (53 in.lb). Ensure that it is refitted in the same position.
Inspect banjo bolts (20) for hairline cracks, deformation or tears in the area of
the hole (27). If the hole is visibly ovalshaped, the banjo bolt has been
overstretched and must be replaced. See Fig. 73-9/2.
■ CAUTION : In the event of leaks, the max. permissible torque must never
be exceeded.
If the engine is equipped with a ROTAX Original Airbox, the screw hose clamps
(28) must be released before the carburetors can be removed. See Fig.73-9/
1. Remove the tension spring (29) for carburetor suspension.
Losen the clamp (30) on the carburetor socket (31) and remove the carburetor
with twisty motions. Close off the intake openings of the carburetor sockets with
appropriate covers.
Remove the hex. screws (31) M8x25, M8x30 (33) and washers to disassemble
the carburetor sockets (12). Then the carburetor socket (31) and the O-Ring
(32) can be taken off.
◆ NOTE:
See SB-912-030, ”Cracks, wear and distortion on the carburetor
flange”, latest issue.
Fig. 73-9/3
20
Fig. 73-9/4
6
27
08212
08211
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.2)
Disassembling carburetors, carburetor sockets, fuel lines and drip tray
(on the 914 Series)
See Figs. 73-10 and 73-11.
To remove the carburetors, loosen the screw hose clamps (3). Remove the fuel
line (4) by removing banjo bolts M10 (5) with sealing rings (6).
Remove the clamps (7) of the pressure connecting lines (8) on the carburetor
(float chamber venting) and the fuel pressure regulator (17) (only on 914 Series)
and pull off the lines.
Remove the tension spring (9) for carburetor suspension with a suitable tool.
Now the airbox (10) can be pulled off the carburetors towards the back .
◆ NOTE:
If required, remove 2-pin plug connection of temperature sensor
(11) and/or loosen air intake hose (12).
Remove 3-pin plug connection of the throttle potentiometer.
Release the clamp (13) of the carburetor socket (14), remove the carburetor
with the fuel lines with slight turning and swiveling movements and close off the
intake openings.
Remove cable clamp (16), release collar nut (17) and take off the fuel lines.
Remove the hex. screws (15) 2 M8x25 and washers to disassemble the
carburetor sockets (14). Then the carburetor socket (14) and the O-Ring (18)
can be taken off.
See SB-914-019,”Cracks, wear and distortion on the carburetor
flange”, latest issue.
◆ NOTE:
On older engine versions, the drip tray (19) is not fitted on the
airbox but directly on the intake manifold (20), see Fig. 73-10.
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◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 914 Series
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73-00-00
page 21
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 73-10
20
18
19
07712
14
13
Fig. 73-11
8
9
14
7
4
A
13
8 15
17
5
XXX
XXX
7
6
2
5
11
10
4
17
X
3
XX
16
3
A Loctite 243
12
07713
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3.3)
BING-constant depression carburetor inspection
3.3.1)
General note
See Figs. 73-12, 73-13 and 73-14.
■ CAUTION:
The determination of the main jet is carried out by the
manufacturer on a test bed at 300 m (1000 ft) above
Mean Sea Level.
Only aeronautical personnel or authorized testers acting on our instructions may carry out modifications to
BRP-Powertrain specifications.
Values must be recorded in the engine logbook.
■ CAUTION:
To avoid contamination in the fuel system, proceed with
great care and cleanliness. It is essential to store
carburetors and dismantled parts on clean surfaces.
◆ NOTE:
See SI-912-012 or SI-914-014, ”Routine modification
of the Bing constant depression carburetor”, latest
issue.
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The fuel supply must be closed off before the carburetors are removed
for closer inspection. Collect any fuel spilt during disassembly and
dispose of it in an ecological manner.
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73-00-00
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Maintenance Manual
3.3.2)
Float needle valve leakage test
See Fig. 73-12.
This check is carried out to ensure that the float valve seat is not leaking.
If the pressure is not maintained, pay particular attention during
disassembly to the float valve with the viton tip and the carburetor
housing.
Turn the carburetor upside down, as the float needle valve is only
closed in this position.
Connect pump (1) to the fuel supply line (2) and apply approx. 0.4 bar
(5.8 p.s.i.) of pressure.
The pressure must be maintained for about 5 seconds.
■ CAUTION:
If pressure drops, this indicates leakage which may
cause fuel overflow and in consequence engine damage
due to hydraulic shock.
Replacement of the float valve seat is not permissible.
Fig. 73-12
1
2
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3.3.3)
Individual components of the carburetor (on the 912 Series)
See Illustrated Parts Catalog Rotax 912/914
6
A
Fig. 73-13
8
17
2
3
4
38
Nadelposition
(needle position)
1
5
18
18
15
3
7
12
11
10
4
14
A
13
1
2
26
A
24
28
27
16
37
A
29
35
34
36
30
23
25
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22
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3.3.4)
Individual components of the carburetor (on the 914 Series)
See Illustrated Parts Catalog Rotax 912/914
Fig. 73-14
6
A
1
2
3
4
Nadelposition
(needle position)
17
38
15
18
3
12
7
11
10
4
14
A
13
1
26
Zy
Zy
24
36
cy
l.)
cy
l.)
2
2/
4
1/
3
28
27
37
l. (
l. (
35
16
34
29
30
23
25
22
07087
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20
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3.3.5)
Diaphragm
See Figs. 73-15 and 73-16.
The plunger (carburetor piston) (8) is attached to the diaphragm (6).
Depending on the pressure prevailing, the plunger is moved up or
down. For inspection, remove the two counter sunk screws (1) M5x12,
take off the chamber top (2) and remove the plunger spring (3). Check
that the cover plate (4) on the chamber top is tightly seated. Wash
chamber top with cleaning agent and blowclean the inside venting bore
with compressed air Then carry out a visual inspection.
Pull carburetor piston out of the carburetor housing and remove the 4
allen screws (5) M4x12. The diaphragm (6) is held by the retaining ring
(7) on the carburetor piston (8). The position of the carburetor piston
is controlled via the diaphragm. There are 2 indexing tabs on the
diaphragm (5). Tab (9) fits exactly into the recess in the slider piston and
nose (10) must engage in the recess in the carburetor housing.
Check diaphragm for cracks or brittleness, replace if necessary.
3.3.6)
Needle
See Fig. 73-16.
The needle (12) controls the fuel consumption at part load. It can be
regulated by selecting a needle position between 1 and 4.
Unscrew the retaining screw (11), check needle (12) with shaft securing
(13) and O-Ring (20) for signs of wear.
Pay especial attention to the grooves and the taper of the needle. If
there is visible wear, the needle must be replaced and a new one refitted
in the same position. The needle jet must be replaced along with the
needle as it will also be worn.
◆ NOTE:
The needle must move freely when fitted.
Carry out a visual inspection of the outer diameter of the carburetor
piston (8) and the two inside compensation bores.
◆ NOTE:
The needle is damped by the O-ring (38).
See Figs. 73-13 and 73-14.
Fig. 73-15/2 shows the factory-setting of carburetor jetting and jet
needle position. The jet needle position depends on the emmision and
specific fuel consumption.
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All other settings must be recorded in the engine logbook.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 27
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 73-15
2
1
2
3
4
Nadelposition
(needle position)
4
1
Fig. 73-15/1
3
5
07229
7
Carburetor calibration
Fig. 73-15/2
Target
912 A/F/UL
Carburetor 1/3
Carburetor 2/4
Needle
2,72
2,72
Idle jet
35
35
155 or 158
155 or 158
85
85
3
3
Main jet
4)
Start jet
1)
Needle position
3)
6
10
9
11
20
Target
912 S/ULS/ULSFR
Carburetor 1/3
Carburetor 2/4
Needle
2,70
2,70
Idle jet
35
35
155
155
85
85
3
3
Main jet
Start jet
1)
Needle position 3)
13
12
8
Fig. 73-16
Target
914 F/UL
Idle jet
Carburetor 1/3
Carburetor 2/4
2,72
2,72
35
35
Main jet
2)
156 or 160
158 or 164
Start jet
1)
85
85
1 or 2
2
Needle position 3)
07230
1)
See SI-03-1998, latest version.
2)
Depending on the airbox version. See SI-914-013 and
SI-914-015, latest version.
3)
Depending on CO measurement value and specific fuel consumption. See SI-914-013 and SI-914-015, latest version.
4)
On configuration with air filter. See SB-912-044, latest version.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
73-00-00
page 28
July 01/2008
d04352
Needle
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.3.7)
Float chamber, floats
See Figs. 73-17, 73-18, 73-19 and 73-20.
On the 912 Series:
Release the spring clip (39). See Fig. 73-13.
On the 914 Series:
Remove the safety wiring and the end screw (1)
with the sealing ring (2) 16x22x1. Tightening
torque 5.5 Nm (48.7 in.lb)
Remove and clean the float housing (11) with the seal (12).
Check both floats (9) for free movement on the guide pin (3). When the
float is at its lowest position, it still must have radial clearance and must
not stick on the float chamber wall (10).
■ CAUTION:
A stuck float causes the carburetor to flood.
Check the wear on the guide sleeves (5) inserted in the float. Check the
pins (6) for the float support (7) for wear caused by excessive vibration.
If there is noticeable wear, replace both floats and if necessary also the
float brackets (8).
Fig. 73-17
Fig. 73-18
12
3
7
8
5
11
9
07715
6
2
1
07716
d04777
10
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
73-00-00
page 29
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.3.8)
Float brackets
See Figs. 73-18, 73-19 and 73-20.
Check that the float suspension brackets (8) are parallel. To do so,
remove main jet and attach the gauge (13) to the mixing tube with a hex.
screw (14). When the needle valve is closed, the two arms (15) of the
float bracket must be evenly spaced.
Spacing:
On the 912 Series:
0.4 to 0.5 mm (.016 to .02 in.)
On the 914 Series:
5.4 to 5.5 mm (.21 to .22 in.)
Always replace float brackets together with the float needle valve.
If there is a noticeable fault, the float bracket can be bent for correction
or be replaced. After the check, remove the gauge and refit the main
jet.
3.3.9)
Carburetor jets
14
Fig. 73-19
0,5 -0,1
mm
(0,02 -0,004
in
(
13
04927
15
Fig. 73-20
14
08209
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
d05738
13
15
73-00-00
page 30
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
See Figs. 73-21 and 73-22.
■ CAUTION:
Always maintain high standards of cleanliness when
performing any work on the carburetor.
Remove the float chamber. Unscrew the main jet (14), the mixing tube
(15), the needle jet (16), the idle jet (17), the starting jet (18) and the
idle mixture screw (19). Clean carburetor and jets with gasoline.
Carefully blow through all jets channels in the carburetor housing with
compressed air and check for free passage.
Check oval form of inner diameter of needle jet (16), replace if necessary.
Check for correct jetting. See corresponding Illustrated Parts Catalog.
▲ WARNING: Any adjustments to the main and idle jets may only be
performed in accordance with BRP-Rotax instructions,
by an aviation facility or an authorized tester.
◆ NOTE:
If rough engine running at idle speed occurs and the
spark plug is sooted, change the idle jet from LD35 to
LD30. Alle changes must be recorded in the engine
logbook.
Fig. 73-22
Fig. 73-21
912 Series
914 Series
17
17
16
16
19
19
15
15
18
20
18
14
14
08314
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08210
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 31
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.3.10) Float needle valve inspection
See Fig. 73-23, 73-24.
Remove the float chamber. Remove the bearing pin (4) of the float
bracket (5) and pull out the float needle.
Check fuel inlet for free passage.
Inspect the viton tip (1). Inspect clip end for visible wear to the beaded
edge (2) of the sprung pin (3), the valve must be replaced. If the
distance becomes less than 0.5 mm (.02 in.), the float level will be
affected, leading even to interruption of the fuel flow.
Insert float valve into the valve seat.
Engage float valve clip into float bracket, place it in position and fix float
bracket with pin.
Replace the float chamber and fix with spring clip.
◆ NOTE:
In addition to this information, also observe the Service
Bulletins SB-912-048 and SB-914-033, ”Replacement
of pin in carburetor”, latest issue.
Fig. 73-23
0,5 mm
(0,02 in)
1
2
3
gut
good
2
schlecht
bad
04928
Fig. 73-24
5
00026
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
73-00-00
page 32
July 01/2008
d04352
4
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.3.11) Starting carburetor (choke)
See Figs. 73-25, 73-26 and 73-27.
Remove 4 countersunk screws M4x14 and remove the complete rotary
disc valve housing.
◆ NOTE:
The shafts for the rotary disc valve have two markings,
L and R. The shaft marked R is for the carburetors for
cylinders 2/4, the shaft marked L for the carburetor for
cylinders 1/3. Fig. 73-25 shows the positions of the
markings on the choke shaft.
Remove hex. nut and pull the complete rotary disc valve from the
housing. Clean all parts and check.
◆ NOTE:
The choke shaft (1) is marked with a dot (2). This mark
must point towards the cable engagement (3) or to
bore (4).
Clean all parts and blow out all bores and ducts with compressed air.
Check all parts and replace any defective ones.
◆ NOTE:
SI-03-1998 ”Engine start at low temperatures”, latest
issue can be carried out to improve cold starting
performance.
L
Fig. 73-25
carburetor 1/3
07404
carburetor 2/4
d04352
R
3.3.12) Carburetor assembly
The carburetor with new O-rings and gaskets is assembled in reverse
order.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
73-00-00
page 33
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
the drawings show the
carburetor for cyl. 2/4
Fig. 73-26
1
2
00362
3
Fig. 73-27
4
1
d04352
00363
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
73-00-00
page 34
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.3.13) Carburetor synchronization
See the corresponding section in the respective Maintenance Manual
(Line Maintenance) for the engine type, 912 Series or 914 Series.
3.3.14) Idle speed adjustment
See the corresponding section in the respective Maintenance Manual
(Line Maintenance) for the engine type, 912 Series or 914 Series.
d04352
3.3.15) Throttle cable and linkage
See the corresponding section in the respective Maintenance Manual
(Line Maintenance) for the engine type, 912 Series or 914 Series.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
73-00-00
page 35
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.4)
General information on the fuel system
The most common reason for engine failure is a fault in the fuel system. Many
problems can be prevented by regular checks. Contamination and formation of
condensate can lead to erratic engine running or misfiring.
-
Check float chamber for dirt and water.
-
In the event of serious contamination or water, drain, clean and flush the
whole fuel system thoroughly, including the tank, filter, fuel pumps, float
housing and fuel lines.
■ CAUTION :
Unsuitable routing of fuel lines may cause engine failure.
-
After repair work, the fuel system must be checked for leaks.
-
Always use clean and non-translucent, safety approved fuel containers. Do
not smoke, do not allow open flames or sparks in the vicinity.
-
Never refuel with engine running.
-
Do not fill the tank to the brim, allow for expansion of the fuel.
-
Remove spilt fuel immediately, dispose of it respecting environmental
regulations.
-
Gasoline is highly inflammable and under certain conditions explosive.
Handling of fuel in well ventilated places only.
-
Close fuel cock, as the float needle valve may not retain the fuel pressure
over a longer period or during transport of the aircraft.
d04352
-
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
73-00-00
page 36
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.4.1)
Fuel pressure (on 912 Series)
See Fig. 73-28.
The pressure inside the fuel system must not exceed 0.4 bar (5.80
p.s.i). Normally, it will lie between 0.15 (2.18 p.s.i) and 0.3 bar (4.4
p.s.i). The fuel pressure tester, part no. 874230, can be used to
measure the pressure and check the correct functioning of the fuel
system.
Installation of the fuel pressure testing device
Connect the pressure gauge (1) with the hose (2) to the 4-fold nipple
(3) instead of the fuel return line. Fit the pressure gauge where it can
be easily observed by the operator of the ground test run.
■ CAUTION:
Make sure there is no danger that the pressure gauge
and hose will get drawn into the propeller airstream. If
necessary, secure with tie wraps.
If the nominal fuel pressure values are not met during the test run, stop
the engine and start with the trouble shooting procedure.
▲ WARNING: No aircraft take-off before an obvious fault has been
found and eliminated!
■ CAUTION:
Fault free operation of the carburetors cannot be guaranteed if the
fuel pressure is below 0.15 bar (2.18 p.s.i)or above 0.4 bar (5.80
p.s.i) l. If the minimum required fuel pressure cannot be achieved,
it is necessary to use an additional electric fuel pump.
-
There must be a suitable fuel filter with 0.1 mm (0.004 in.) mesh size
between the fuel tank and the fuel pump. Do not use paper filters.
-
Select fuel lines in accordance with national aviation regulations.
They should have a minimum crosssection of 5 mm (0.2 in.).
-
The tank must be fitted with a fuel cock (with a screen) to allow
immediate interruption of the fuel supply at any time.
d04352
-
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
73-00-00
page 37
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 73-28
09887
1
3
d05738
2
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 38
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.4.2)
Fuel pressure (on 914 Series)
There is no specific connection on the engine for reading the fuel
pressure. However, it makes sense to take fuel pressure readings for
monitoring purposes and for troubleshooting.
See latest installation manual for the respective engine type.
All the necessary items are available as spare parts.
■ CAUTION:
The fuel pressure must be approx. 250 hPa above
the constantly varying boost pressure in the “airbox”. Otherwise the perfect functioning of the
carburetors is not assured. See 73-00-00 sec. 2.
Fit the pressure gauge where it can be easily observed by the operator
of the ground test run.
■ CAUTION:
Make sure there is no danger that the pressure gauge
and hoses will get drawn into the propeller airstream. If
necessary, secure with tie wraps.
▲ WARNING: No aircraft take-off before an obvious fault has been
found and eliminated!
d04352
If during the test run the nominal fuel pressure values are not met, shut
down engine and start with the trouble shooting procedure.
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
73-00-00
page 39
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.4.3)
Carburetor sockets and compensation tube
See Figs. 73-29/1, 73-30, 73-31 and 73-32.
3.4.3.1) Carburetor socket
The carburetor attachment on the engine is designed to
ensure that it can be securely fixed to the intake manifold with
carburetor sockets (1). See 73-00-00 sec. 3.1.
In addition to chemical strain due to fuel and UV radiation, the
carburetor socket is also subject to stress as a result of
vibration. Tightening the attachment clamp (2) too firmly can
also cause damage to the sockets and distance sleeve (3).
Tightening torque 2.5 Nm (22 in.lb).
Compress carburetor socket in the area of the carburetor
connection to allow easier detection of existing cracks (4) and
(5). Also pay particular attention to the area of the inner
diameter (6).
▲ WARNING: If cracks are suspected, fit a new carburetor
socket. See SB-912-030 and SB-914019,”Cracks, wear and distortion on the
carburetor flange”, latest issue.
3.4.3.2) Compensation tube
See Fig. 73-29.
To simplify carburetor synchronisation a new compensation
tube (7) has been introduced. See therefore the latest issue of
SI-912-020 and SI-914-022 “running modifications” respectively.
d04352
Normally it is not necessary to unmount the compensation
tube, should this however be necessary, then the springs (8)
have to be unhinged and the hose clips (9) have to be
loosened. The hoses (10) have to be cut for removal.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
73-00-00
page 40
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 73-29
10
08469
7
8
10
Fig. 73-29/1
5
5
5
6
4
1
Fig. 73-30
5
5
00366
4
05793
Fig. 73-32
Fig. 73-31
05794
3
05792
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2
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
73-00-00
page 41
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.4.4)
Fuel pressure regulator (only on 914 Series)
See Fig. 73-33.
Carry out a visual inspection of the fuel pressure regulator (2).
◆ NOTE:
All new fuel pressure regulators are calibrated by the
engine manufacturer and should not need further
adjustment.
However, if this should become necessary, there is an adjustment
screw (4) on the bottom side of the regulator.
Set ignition switch for both ignition circuits to “OFF” position. Switch on
the electric fuel pump, set to the correct fuel pressure (approx. 250 hPa
above the airbox pressure) using the adjuster screw (4) and tighten with
the cap nut (5) to a tightening torque of 5 Nm (45 in.lb).
◆ NOTE:
Apply LOCTITE 243 to the thread.
■ CAUTION:
The fuel pressure regulator must not be disassembled,
as there are no spare parts available. If necessary,
replace the complete regulator.
The fuel pressure regulator is attached to the airbox with hex. screws
M6x16 and lock washers. Tightening torque 8 Nm (70 in.lb).
■ CAUTION:
Failure to tighten the cap nut will result in a pressure
drop in the fuel system, which can cause engine
damage.
Fig. 73-33
2
00044
4
d04352
5
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
73-00-00
page 42
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.4.5)
Fuel pump (on 912 Series)
See Figs. 73-34/1,2,3 and 73-35.
Depending on the engine configuration, it may already have been fitted
with a pump with fuel hoses, see Fig. 73-9.
On engines without fuel hoses, observe the aircraft manufacturer’s
instructions.
Check fuel hoses for scuffing marks and kinks.
3.4.5.1) “AC” fuel pump
In the event of damage of the old pump part no. 892546, the complete
pump with all the hoses must be replaced, as the hoses are pressed in
one piece with the pump.
Check pump flange (1) for planeness. If the pump plunger (2) shows
scuff marks, the pump must be replaced and the eccenter in the
propeller gearbox inspected. Check the connections (3) of the fuel
lines.
Pumps working at reduced power, for example as a result of contaminated valves or leaking diaphragms, must be replaced.
◆ NOTE:
A leaking diaphragm can be detected by the fuel
emerging from the ventilation holes (4).
◆ NOTE:
A slight leakage on the venting line (7) fuel pump part
no. 893110 can be attributed to a slight “sweating”. For
a period of 1 minute after the engine has been stopped,
no liquid must drip down.
In case of uncertainty determine the oil amount. An oil
leak is when after 20 min engine run more than 0.5 ml
of oil loss is detected.
The fuel sucked in is filtered by a fine screen integrated in the pump. It
is not possible to dismantle the fuel pump. If contamination of the fuel
pump is suspected, the pump must be inspected on the intake side (5)
using an endoscope.
The consecutive (6digit) serial number is displayed on
the pump housing (6).
◆ NOTE:
Service Bulletins SB-912-049 “Checking eccenters
and fuel pump plungers”, latest issue must be observed.
d05738
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 43
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3
5
part no. 892542
Fig. 73-34/1
1
6
00367
3
4
2
Fig. 73-35
or
from tank
from tank
00368
04962
to carburetor
to carburetor
3.4.5.2) “BCD“ fuel pump
In the course of continuous development a new fuel pump part
no. 893115 has been introduced. The fuel pumps part no.
893110 (without hoses) and part no. 893114 (with hoses) can
be configured with corresponding hose nipples and fuel hoses.
See table 1 and table 2 below.
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
Fuel pump par t no. 893110 includes the following par ts:
par t no.
quantity
description
893115
1
Fuel pump assy.
950228
1
Insulating flange
631870
1
O-ring
840740
1
Nipple 7/3,8 (pressure line)
840745
1
Nipple 9/5,7 (suction line)
250425
2
Gasket ring 10,2/15/1,5
d05738
Table 1
73-00-00
page 44
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Table 2
Fuel pump par t no. 893114 includes the following par ts:
par t no.
quantity
893115
1
Fuel pump assy.
description
950228
1
Insulating flange
631870
1
O-ring
874337
1
Fuel hose
874347
1
Fuel hose
250425
2
Gasket ring 10,2/15/1,5
840770
1
Screw socket 9/16-18 UNF/M10x1 (pressure line)
840775
1
Screw socket 1/2-20 UNF/M10x1 (suction line)
Retrofitting of fuel pump assy. part no. 893110 to 893115
See Fig. 73-35/1.
Connections to the fuel pump:
Fuel inlet (3):
Hose nipple.............. 9/5,7
Tightening torque:
10 Nm (88 in.lb.)
Fuel outlet (2)
Hose nipple.............. 7/3,8
Tightening torque:
3
B
10 Nm (88 in.lb.)
4
B LOCTITE 243
1
B
4
2
1
2
3
4
Fuel pump assy.
Hose nipple 7/3,8
Hose nipple 9/5,7
Gasket ring 10,2/15/1,5
09875
d05738
Fig. 73-35/1
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 45
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Retrofitting of fuel pump assy. part no. 893114 to 893115
See Fig. 73-35/2 and Fig. 73-35/3.
Connections to the fuel pump:
Fuel inlet (3):
Screw socket..............1/2-20 UNF/M10x1
Tightening torque:
10 Nm (88 in.lb.)
Fuel outlet (2)
Screw socket..............9/16-18 UNF/M10x1
Tightening torque:
10 Nm (88 in.lb.)
Connection fuel hoses to screw sockets:
Fuel inlet(4):
Fuel hose assy. ..............AN6 connection
Tightening torque:
32 Nm (283 in.lb.)
Fuel outlet (5)
Fuel hose assy. .............AN5 connection
Tightening torque:
■ CAUTION:
27 Nm (239 in.lb.)
Counter the screw socket when screwing!
4
6
3
1
5
6
2
Fuel pump assy.
Fuel hose assy. (outlet)
Fuel hose assy. (inlet)
Screw socket 1/2-20 UNF/M10x1 (inlet)
Screw socket 9/16-18 UNF/M10x1 (outlet)
Gasket ring 10,2/15/1,5
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
09874
Fig. 73-35/2
d05738
1
2
3
4
5
6
73-00-00
page 46
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Specific:
Grease
(rotating)
Greasing the screw socket thread
09876
Fig. 73-35/3
Grease
(rotating)
◆ NOTE:
These fuel hoses are not subject of the 5-year
replacement interval and must not be changed.
Installation relevant modifications
See Fig. 73-35/4 and Fig. 73-35/5.
Operating limits
See latest Operators Manual.
Fuel pressure:
max..................0,5 bar*
min....................0,15 bar
* applicable only for fuel pump part no. 893110, 893114 and
893115.
◆ NOTE:
In case of an engine exchange or upgrade is has to be
noted that also the operating limits must be adapted to
the instrument.
d05738
Certification to the latest requirements such as FAR or
EASA has to be conducted by the aircraft manufacturer.
For more informations and related instructions, contact
the aircraft manufacturer.
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 47
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Version 1
Connections to the fuel pump part no. 893110.
See Fig. 73-35/4.
Fuel inlet (2):
ø Outside dia...............
8 mm (0.315 in.)
Slip-on length:......
max. 22 mm (0.87 in.)
Fuel oulet (3)
ø Outside dia...............
6 mm (0.236 in.)
Slip-on length:.....
max. 22 mm (0.87 in.)
Drainage (4):
ø Outside dia.................
6 mm (0.236 in.)
Slip-on length:.....
max. 22 mm (0.87 in.)
■ CAUTION:
Ensure at installation of the supply line to fuel pump (1)
that no additional moments or load will rest on the
pump!
■ CAUTION:
Utilize max. slip-on length. Secure hoses with suitable
screw clamps or crimp. Route all lines without kinks
and avoid tight bends.
Version 2
Connections to the fuel pump part no. 893114 using a screw
socket on the fuel hose.
See Fig. 73-35/5.
Fuel inlet (2):
Thread (5)................
9/16-18 UNF
Tightening torque:
15 Nm
Fuel oulet (3)
Ring hose nipple (6) 3/4 DIN7642
Tightening torque:
15 Nm
Drainage (4):
ø Outside dia........................6 mm
Slip-on length:.............
Route the lines without kinks and avoid tight bends.
d05738
■ CAUTION:
max. 22 mm
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 48
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
■ CAUTION:
Drainage line have to be routed into a ram-air and
vacuum free zone, according to the requirements and
release of BRP-Powertrain. The drainage line must not
be routed into the slipstream. Ram pressure or vacuum
impair the fuel pressure.
-
The lines have to be routed so that in case of damage the surplus
of fuel/oil is drained off suitably.
-
Route the lines in a continous decline.
-
The lines have to protected against any kind of blockage e.g. by
formation of ice.
■ CAUTION:
When using an additional electric fuel pump, then a
check valve (part no. 874532) with easy opening should
be used and installed according to the Installation
Manual 912/914.
■ CAUTION:
Use the pilot jet (part no. 963820) from the fuel pressure
line to the fuel return line (see latest Installation Manual
912/914 Series).
fuel inlet
Version 1
Version 2
5
fuel outlet
6
2
2
3
11
4
3
4
08829
08831
Fig. 73-35/5
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Fig. 73-35/4
11
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 49
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.4.6)
Fuel pump (on 914 Series)
See Fig. 73-36/1 and 73-36/2.
Check the filter in the pumps, see Line Maintenance 12-00-00 sec. 2.10.
If the installation specific fine filter shows a lot of dirt then the filter (1) of
the fuel pump also have to be inspected.
Cleaning of the fuel pump integrated filter
■ CAUTION:
-
Use a forceps to carefully pull out pre-filter from the intake connection.
■ CAUTION:
-
Always follow the safety regulations when handling fuel.
Use fuel to clean pre-filter.
■ CAUTION:
-
Don’t damage intake connection or filter.
Make sure that no material gets into the fuel pump.
Carefully accommodate the clean filter in the intake connetion.
Perform visual check on fuel pump.
■ CAUTION : It is not possible to disassemble the fuel pump, there
are no spare parts available. If necessary the fuel pump
has to be replaced.
In the event of a malfunction in the fuel system, the pump performance
and/or the current input of the fuel pump can be checked.
With a pressure difference of approx. 250 hPa (3,63 PSI), the fuel pump
is pumping at approx. 100 l/h.
The current input at this quantity is approx. 2 A.
◆ NOTE:
These figures are reference values.
Fig. 73-36/1
1
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
d05738
00157
73-00-00
page 50
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 73-36/2
11,75 8
11
M5
M4
ø38
ø13,3
22
P1
ø8
P2
00045
3.4.7)
30
20 (±0,5)
141,5 (±3)
ø12
ø9
Pressure connecting lines (only on 914 Series)
See Figs. 73-37 and 73-38.
The pressure connecting lines are of essential importance for safe
operation of the engine. See also 73-00-00 sec. 2 and the corresponding Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine
type, 912 or 914 Series.
Check all lines and T-fittings for damage (mechanical, thermal, etc.)
and leakage.
d04777
■ CAUTION:
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
All lines are secured with clamps. Check them for
safety reasons.
73-00-00
page 51
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
If the lines have been detached or replaced, connect them correctly:
-
hose nipple (2) to the T-fitting (3)
-
T-fitting (3) to the fuel pressure regulator (4)
-
T-fitting (3) to the condensation trap (5) (on older engine configurations)
-
condensation trap (5) to the airbox pressure sensor (on older engine
configurations)
-
hose nipple (6) to solenoid valve (7) ((towards 2-pin electric
connector (8))
◆ NOTE:
On newer engines the solenoid valve (7) is mounted on
the airbox (1). See 76-00-00 sec. 3.1.2.9.
-
hose nipple (9) to solenoid valve (7) ((towards electric connector (8)
on the opposite side))
-
solenoid valve (7) (top connection) to T-fitting (10)
-
T-fitting (10) to float chamber venting of carburetor 1/3
-
T-fitting (10) to float chamber venting of carburetor 2/4
Secure all lines with clamps 8 (11).
An exception are the 3 lines on the solenoid valve which, due to the
shape of the valve, must be secured with clamps 6.8 (12).
The lines to the float chamber venting must be fixed to the fuel lines with
tie wraps (13). Do not constrict!
■ CAUTION:
Ensure that the total slip-on length is used for all pressure
connecting lines and that the clamps are fixed securely.
In addition, all lines must be routed in such a way that scuffing and kinks
are avoided. See 73-00-00 sec. 3.4.5 and 73-00-00 sec. 3.4.6.
Reconnect plug connections to temperature sensors and throttle
potentiometer.
d05738
Check that the plug connections are attached securely.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 52
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 73-37
13
3 7
13
10
9
4
1
6 2
00048
m
0 m in.)
1
3 .6
(12
Fig. 73-38
10
11
4 in.)
m (4.3
110 m
m
0m )
20 8 in.
8
(7.
11
4
9
1
11
3
mm
40
in.)
57
.
1
(
130 mm
(5.12 in.)
2
6
75 mm
(82.95
8in.)
*
12
130 mm
(5.12 in.)
11
5
12
d05738
00049
7
* Length of tubes depending on *
installation conditions
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 53
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.5)
Assembly of fuel pump, carburetor sockets, carburetor and fuel lines
3.5.1)
Fuel pump
See Fig. 73-39/1 and 73-39/2.
In addition to the inspection of all fuel lines, if used, the drainage line
(12) must be checked for damage, leaks, hardening from heat, porosity,
loose connections, secure attachment and routing without kinks and
tight bends.
3.5.1.1) Removal of the fuel pump
Loosen hex. nut (9) with lock washer (10) and remove the fuel
pump.
3.5.1.2) Inspection of the fuel pump
See Fig. 73-39/1 and 73-39/2.
■ CAUTION:
The pump cover (11) must not be opened for
inspection. The markings (locking compound)
must be inspected.
■ CAUTION:
The hose nipples (2,3) must be checked for
tightness and leakage. If necessary, the nipples
and fuel hoses assy. (13,14) must be removed,
cleaned and tightened with a new sealing ring
(15) using LOCTITE 243. Tightening torque
10 Nm.
Fuel pressure
The pressure within the fuel system must be max. 0.5 bar. With
the new fuel pressure gauge part no. 874234, the pressure and
the efficiency of the fuel supply can be inspected.
◆ NOTE:
The fuel pressure gauges part no. 874231
and/or 874233 are marked with the usual fuel
pressure limit (max. 0.4 bar). At the new fuel
pressure gauge part no. 874234 this limit was
adjusted accordingly to 0.5 bar.
d05738
In coordination with the aircraft manufacturer
or national registration authority, a subsequent
correction of the limit mark should be possible.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 54
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.5.1.3) Montage der Kraftstoffpumpe
See Fig. 73-39/1 and Fig. 73-39/2.
■ CAUTION:
In addition to the new insulating flange a new O-ring (4)
must be used. Do not use the old insulating flange and
O-ring!
◆ NOTE:
If a new pump was installed,it may occur that during the
first time (about 30 minutes) oil leaks from the air vent
nipple. This is no leakage of the pump.
◆ NOTE:
No sealant is necessary at the sealing surfaces on the
gearbox housing and fuel pump flange.
Install fuel pump with new insulating flange (1) and O-ring (4). Secure
hex. nut M8 (2) with lock washer A8 (3) with LOCTITE 243 and tighten
evenly. Tightening torque 15 Nm.
◆ NOTE:
The additional fastening with LOCTITE 243 should be
applied to any appointment or re-assembly of the fuel
pump and insulating flange.
Re-install fuel lines.
fuel inlet
Version 1
Version 2
5
fuel outlet
6
2
2
3
11
4
3
4
08829
11
08831
d05738
Fig. 73-39/1
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 55
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
S/N (6-digit)
10
XX.XXXX
9
XXXXXX
part no.
(6-digit)
B LOCTITE 243
1
B
8
08830
12
7
1
2
3
4
5
6
Fuel pump
Nipple (fuel inlet)
Nipple (fuel outlet)
Drainage
Thread
Ring hose nipple
3.5.2)
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Fig. 73-39/2
Insulating flange
O-ring
Hex. nut M8
Lock washer A8
Pump cover
Drain line
Fuel hose assy. (outlet)
Fuel hose assy. (inlet)
Carburetors and carburetor sockets
See Figs. 73-39/1, 73-40 and 76-41.
Attach carburetor socket (4) and new O-ring (5) with hex. screws (6)
M8x25 and M8x30 (7) with washers.
◆ NOTE:
On intake manifolds without an O-ring groove, a gasket
(8) (see Illustrated Parts Catalog) must be fitted.
Fit carburetor into carburetor socket, which should be free of grease
and oil, align and fix with hose clamp (9). Tightening torque 2.5 Nm
(22 in.lb).
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 56
February 01/2015
d05738
The screws are locked with LOCTITE 221. Tightening torque 15 Nm
(133 in.lb).
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
◆ NOTE:
If hose clamp (9) does not have a spacer leave a 7-8 mm
(0.27 - 0.31 in.) gap. Do not overtighten as this will
damage the socket.
Check distance of 5 to 6 mm (0.2 in. to 0.24 in.) on allen screw (10) as
this is important to allow free movement of the tension spring (11).
Engage tension spring in the bracket (12) using a suitable tool.
■ CAUTION:
To ensure efficient carburetor suspension, a distance
of 40 mm (1.57 in.) between allen screw and engagement latch must be respected.
Fig. 73-41
2
B LOCTITE 243
02727
1
5-6 mm
13
B
11
40 mm
4
Fig. 73-40
12
09886
7,8
5
Fig. 73-40/1
05794
5
9
9
Fig. 73-41/1
6
7
08390
d05738
A LOCTITE 221
A
5
8
A
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 57
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.5.3)
Assembly of the fuel lines (on 912 Series)
See Figs. 73-42, 73-43, 73-44
■ CAUTION:
To prevent locked up stresses, all components should
first be screwed on loosely and then tightened to the
prescribed tightening torque.
If the clamp block (1) has been removed, it must now be reattached with
an allen screw M5x16 and a tightening torque of 6 Nm (53 in.lb).
◆ NOTE:
For easier assembly of the fuel line, observe the original
position of the clamp block.
The lines from the fuel pump (3) and the lines to the carburetors are
attached to the bottom side of the clamp block, each between a sealing
Fig. 73-42
5
5
to fuel pressure gauge
6
2
to fuel tank
9
1
to fuel tank
9
2
1
2
to carburetor
to carburetor
to carburetor
2
3
from fuel pump
from fuel pump
5
09192
08476
ring (2) and the banjo bolt (5) (tightening torque 10 Nm
(90 in.lb)).
The ring hose nipple (6) is attached to the top side of the clamp block
between a sealing ring (2) and the banjo bolt (5) (tightening torque 10
Nm (90 in.lb)).
–
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
connection for return line to the tank (Ø outside 7mm (0.28 in.))
slip-on length:
max. 17 mm (0.67 in.)
connection to the pressure gauge
(Ø outside 6 mm (0.24 in.))
slip-on length:
max. 17 mm (0.67 in.)
73-00-00
page 58
February 01/2015
d05738
–
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
The double hose nipple (6) is optional.
◆ NOTE:
The double hose nipple (6) contains an integrated
restrictor (9) (0.35 mm (.0138 in.)) which plays a
decisive role in ensuring correct functioning of the fuel
system.
◆ NOTE:
If no pressure gauge is connected, a single ring hose
nipple is fitted. The restrictor (9) is then in the top banjo
bolt (5). For recognition the banjo bolt is either marked
with yellow color or with the label “FUEL”.
■ CAUTION:
Do not get the connections mixed up.
Unscrew allen screw M10x1x8 (11) with the sealing ring (10). Tightening torque 15 Nm (133 in.lb) - screw secured with LOCTITE 221. See
Fig. 73-44.
◆ NOTE:
When converting to a double hose nipple for measurement of the fuel pressure, the jet must be removed
from the banjo bolt (5).
Screw the fuel lines to the carburetors.
Rigid line
◆ NOTE:
Do not tighten the clamp block until all lines have been
connected.
▲ WARNING: The lines must be fitted without tension and with all the
standard in serial supports to prevent breaks caused
by vibration during operation.
■ CAUTION:
When assembling the fuel lines, ensure that they are
adequately supported to prevent strain on the connections. See Fig. 73-43.
◆ NOTE:
An optional double hose nipple (6) is available for
measurement of the fuel pressure.
d05738
Assembly at the carburetor should be carried out analogously the
disassembly. See sec. 3.4.4.
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 59
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
5
Fig. 73-43
2
Fig. 73-44
1
10
11
3
5
4
07513
07514
9
8
7
Flexible lines
See Fig. 73-45
See SI-912-020, ”Running modifications”, latest issue.
From 2007 on, all new models will have a flexible line instead of the
present rigid fuel line.
Assembly at the carburetor should be carried out analogously the
diassembly. See sec. 3.4.4.
◆ NOTE:
In case of a retrofit on configurations with steel fuel lines
remove the screw connectors (1) and remove remaining
sealant residues in a way that they do not get into the
carburetor or the fuel system.
For installation on an old style intake manifold perform the following:
-
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
Ensure proper support of the flexible fuel line. Install Hex. screw (2)
and washer (3) with 15 Nm (133 in. lb.). Install the cable clamp (4)
at the hex. screw (2) of the carburetor socket with the hex. nut (5).
Tightening torque of hex. nut (5) 24 Nm (18 ft. lb.)
73-00-00
page 60
February 01/2015
d05738
- Remove the intake manifold and machine the nut/clamp contact
area until the surface is parallel with the sealing surface of the carb
socket. The thickness of the material must not be dressed down less
than 10,5 mm (0.413 in.) and should be smooth and flat so that the
nut/clamp assembly has an even contact surface (see Fig. 73-46).
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
■ CAUTION:
While tightening hex. nut (5), hold hex. screw (2) with a
wrench to prevent it from loosening.
Always fix the flexible fuel line at the compensation tube with clamps
(6) in such a way that no wear is possible.
5
4
Fig. 73-45
32
08180
6
A
1
6
5
4
3
A2
1
A LOCTITE 221
Fig. 73-46
d05738
07313
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 61
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.5.4)
Assembly of the fuel lines (on 914 Series)
See Fig. 73-47.
Attach fuel line (1) to carburetor (fuel inlet) with collar nut (2). Support
the line on the carburetor bracket with a cable clamp (3). The cable
clamps are attached with allen screws (4) M5x12 and lock nuts (5). The
tighten collar nut to 10 Nm (90 in.lb).
Now the airbox (6) can be refitted on the connections of the carburetors.
Do not damage the previously fitted fuel lines and pressure connecting
lines.
Ensure that all clamping locations are free of grease.
■ CAUTION:
Use the complete slip-on length on the connection
pieces.
Ensure that the airbox (6) is fitted horizontally and torsion-free. There
must be no additional load on the carburetor fixations.
Now the screw hose clamps (7) can be tightened on the connecting
hose (8) and, if necessary, on air intake hose (9).
Fit the pressure connecting lines (10) (float chamber venting) on both
carburetors and fuel pressure regulator (11) with clamps (12) 8. See 7300-00 sec. 3.4.9.
Attach the 2 fuel lines (1) to the fuel pressure regulator (11) with banjo
bolts (13) M10 and sealing rings (14) 10x14 on both sides.
Tightening torque: 15 Nm (133 in.lb).
■ CAUTION:
When fitting fuel lines, support them adequately to
avoid strain or additional load.
Reconnect plug connection to temperature sensors and throttle
potentiometer.
d05738
Check plug connections for security.
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 62
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 73-47
5
12
1
3
4
A
10
12
2
XXX
XXX
12
11
14
13
7
6
1
XX
7
X
8
2
7
A Loctite 243
9
d05738
07713
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 63
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.6)
Intake manifolds fitting
See 72-00-00 sec. 3.17.
3.7)
Engaging the carburetor support
See Figs. 73-48 and 73-49.
Check that the tension spring (1) moves freely in the allen screw (2) and in the
distance sleeve (5) and engage the tension spring in the engagement latch (3)
using a suitable tool. Ensure that the two arms (4) of the tension clamp with the
engagement latch point upwards. If necessary, correct the position of the
tension clamp.
■ CAUTION:
To ensure efficient carburetor suspension, a distance of 40 mm
(1.57 in.) between the allen screw (2) and the engagement latch
(3) must be respected.
If a counter sunk screw is fitted instead of the allen screw and the distance
sleeve, support set part no. 887730, see Fig. 73-54, must be used.
Repeat procedure for second carburetor.
◆ NOTE:
Only on 912 Series: On engine models from the year 96 onwards,
the carburetor support is already fitted in serial production. We
recommend installing it on all engines older than this. See
Service Bulletin SB-912-010,”Fitting of a carburetor support”,
latest issue.
Engines 912 S, 912 ULS, 914 UL and 914 F have been equipped
with the carburetor support since the beginning of production.
Fig. 73-48
2
2
5
4
(1.57 in.)
Fig. 73-49
3
04730
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
d04352
1
03884
73-00-00
page 64
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.8)
Connecting fuel lines (tank)
The fuel lines from the tank to the fuel pump, from the fuel pump to the two
carburetors and the return line to the fuel tank must be installed as per the aircraft
manufacturer’s instructions when installing the engine in the aircraft.
When tightening the fuel lines, no force or torque may be applied
to the fuel pump connections or the fuel pressure regulator.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
73-00-00
d04352
■ CAUTION:
page 65
July 01/2008
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
d05738
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
73-00-00
page 66
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
SECTION 74
IGNITION SYSTEM
1) Table of contents
d04778
SECTION 74
IGNITION SYSTEM
1) Table of contents .................................................................................... 74-00-00 / 1
2) Systems description ................................................................................. 74-00-00 / 3
2.1.) Electric system (alternators, ignition) ............................................ 74-00-00 / 3
2.1.1) Ignition .................................................................................. 74-00-00 / 6
2.1.2) Allocation of trigger coils and ignition circuits ....................... 74-00-00 / 8
2.1.3) Firing order ........................................................................... 74-00-00 / 9
2.1.4) Ignition cables ....................................................................... 74-00-00 / 9
2.2) Connections for instrumentation ................................................... 74-00-00 / 9
2.2.1) Electronic rev counter ........................................................... 74-00-00 / 9
3) Maintenance / troubleshooting ............................................................... 74-00-00 / 11
3.1) Treatment of corrosion and surface damage ................................ 74-00-00 / 11
3.1.1) Electric system...................................................................... 74-00-00 / 11
3.2) Checking the ignition unit, trouble shooting ................................... 74-00-00 / 11
3.3) Spark plugs ................................................................................... 74-00-00 / 12
3.4) Spark plug connectors and ignition cables .................................... 74-00-00 / 12
3.5) Electronic module, trigger coil kit .................................................. 74-00-00 / 14
3.6) Charging coil ................................................................................. 74-00-00 / 15
3.7) Generator coils .............................................................................. 74-00-00 / 16
3.8) Dual ignition coil ............................................................................ 74-00-00 / 17
3.9) Cut-in speed of ignition ................................................................. 74-00-00 / 18
3.10) Ignition timing control .................................................................... 74-00-00 / 19
3.11) Ignition circuits inspection (ignition check) .................................... 74-00-00 / 21
3.12) Measurement values for the ignition unit ...................................... 74-00-00 / 22
3.13) Wiring diagrams ............................................................................ 74-00-00 / 24
3.13.1) Engine internal (on the 912 Series) ...................................... 74-00-00 / 24
3.13.2) Engine internal (on the 914 Series) ...................................... 74-00-00 / 30
3.13.3) Engine external (on the 914 Series) ..................................... 74-00-00 / 34
3.14) Ignition electric set removal ........................................................... 74-00-00 / 35
3.15) Ignition electric set dismantling ..................................................... 74-00-00 / 37
3.15.1) Dual ignition coils replacement ............................................. 74-00-00 / 37
3.16) Ignition electric set reassembly .................................................... 74-00-00 / 41
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
74-00-00
page 1
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d04353
3.17) Ignition electric set refitting ............................................................ 74-00-00 / 43
3.18) Trigger coil kit replacement ........................................................... 74-00-00 / 46
3.19) Stator removal and refitting.......................................................... 74-00-00 / 48
3.20) Fly wheel hub' ............................................................................... 74-00-00 / 49
3.21) Interference suppression box (only on the 912 Series) ................. 74-00-00 / 52
3.21.1) Interference suppression box dismantling ............................ 74-00-00 / 52
3.21.2) Interference suppression box wiring diagram ....................... 74-00-00 / 53
3.21.3) Interference suppression box assembly ............................... 74-00-00 / 54
3.21.4) Interference suppression box fitting ...................................... 74-00-00 / 54
3.22) Rev counter and ignition trigger coils ............................................ 74-00-00 / 55
3.23) External alternator (optional on 912/914 Series)........................... 74-00-00 / 57
3.23.1) V-belt pulley removal ............................................................. 74-00-00 / 57
3.23.2) Alternator removal ................................................................ 74-00-00 / 57
3.23.3) V-belt assembly .................................................................... 74-00-00 / 57
3.23.4) Checking of the external generator....................................... 74-00-00 / 59
3.23.4.1) Check of the power output of the generator ......... 74-00-00 / 59
3.23.4.2) Mechanical check .................................................. 74-00-00 / 59
3.23.5) Alternator assembly .............................................................. 74-00-00 / 59
3.23.6) V-belt tension ........................................................................ 74-00-00 / 59
4) Wear limits .............................................................................................. 74-00-00 / 61
5) Form Sheets ........................................................................................... 74-00-00 / 63
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
74-00-00
page 2
July 01/2008
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
2) Systems description
2.1.) Electric system (alternators, ignition)
See Fig. 74-1.
ROTAX engines of the 912/914 Series are equipped with a breakerless dual
ignition system (DCDI-Dual Capacitor Discharge Ignition).
The ignition unit needs no external power supply.
Each of the two independent charging coils (1) located on the generator stator
supplies one of the two ignition circuits. The energy is stored in capacitors of the
electronic modules (2). At the moment of ignition, 2 each of the 4 external trigger
coils (3) actuate the discharge of the capacitors via the primary circuit of the dual
ignition transformers (4).
◆ NOTE:
The 5th trigger coil (5) is provided for the rev counter signal.
Fig. 74-1
Firing order: 1 - 4 - 2 - 3
Ignition circuit A
6
2
B3
3
/4
4
3
5
2
A1/
4
4
A3/
B1
/2
3
2
3
4
1
d05739
4
10040
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
Ignition circuit B
74-00-00
page 3
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
The standard equipment also includes an integrated AC generator (6) with an
external rectifier-regulator (12V DC 250 W).
For higher power requirements, it is possible to install an external alternator (12V
DC 600W).
◆ NOTE:
A rectifier-regulator is already integrated in the external alternator.
The electric system comprises the internal generator with the charging coils
for the ignition and the ignition electrics with the electronic boxes and the 4
double ignition coils.
-
Internal generator: See Fig. 74-2.
Consisting of stator with 8 generator coils (1) and the 2 independent ignition
charging coils (2) and the tenpole magneto ring (3)
The fly wheel hub (4) (ignition triggering) is attached to the magneto ring.
The 4 trigger coils (5) are fitted externally on the alternator.
-
Ignition electrics: See Fig. 74-3.
Consists of 4 dual ignition coils (1) connected together by their magnetic
cores and two electronic modules (2) positioned above.
The 3-point suspension is with one each support on crankcase, ignition
housing and intake manifold.
d02624
For safety reasons, the ignition electrics must not be exposed to ambient
temperatures higher than 80 °C (176 °F).
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 4
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 74-2
I
1
I
O
2
A
6
3
XXX
4
5
07722
A
A
Fig. 74-3
A
1T
2
3T
XXX
1B
3B
I
2T
A
A
A
B
4T
07723
d02624
2B
4B
1
S
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 5
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
2.1.1)
Ignition
See Fig. 74-4.
As already stated, the engine is equipped with dual ignition of a
breakerless capacitor discharge design (DCDI). That means that the
ignition unit comprises two independently working ignition circuits
(separate trigger coil, electronic module, charging coils etc.).
◆ NOTE:
The ignition unit cannot be disassembled and needs no
adjustment.
Each ignition circuit consists of two ignition branches. Ignition occurs on
cylinder 1 and 2 simultaneously every 360° as well as on cylinder 3 and
4 but 180° offset.
◆ NOTE:
Due to engine design, ignition occurs also at "the TDC
of the exhaust stroke", but this has no effect on engine
operation.
The engine is furnished with an automatic ignition timing controlled by
the edge of trigger cams on the fly wheel hub and the electronic
modules.
◆ NOTE:
For easy engine start, the ignition timing at start is 4°
B.T.D.C. for ignition circuit A and B.
As soon as the engine runs, the ignition point will change over
automatically to operation ignition.
On the 912 Series:
without advanced start
electronic module with
advanced start
4° Before T.D.C.
3° After T.D.C.
4° Before T.D.C.
3° After T.D.C.
time delay for ignition at start:
none
3 - 8 sec.
switching to advanced ignition:
from 650 to 1000 RPM
depending on trigger gap
after the expiration of
the time delay (3-8 sec.)
ignition timing in normal operation:
Circle A: 26° before T.D.C.
1) 2)
Circle B: 26° before T.D.C.
3)
Circle B: 22° before T.D.C.
Differences between electronic module
part no. 966726 and part no. 966727:
fly wheel hub
ignition point at start
966871
966872
On the 914 Series:
Circle A: 26° before T.D.C.
Circle B: 26° before T.D.C. 1) 2)
3)
Circle B: 22° before T.D.C.
ignition circuit A
26°
ignition circuit B
22°
See Installation Manual, chapter 24-00-00 and SI-912-020 of the relevant
engine type.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
74-00-00
page 6
February 01/2015
d05739
The transition from start ignition timing to the timing for operation takes
place between 650 and 1000 rpm.
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
◆ NOTE:
The different ignition points (only on 914 Series) for the
top spark plugs and the bottom spark plugs takes into
account the differing ignition delays, preventing preignition and detonation.
The difference in the ignition points is achieved by
different lengths of the trigger cam (1) on the fly wheel
hub.
Trigger cam for ignition circuit A (raised position) is
approx. 4 mm (0.16") longer.
Fig. 74-4
B3/4
1
A1/2
d02624
00135
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 7
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2.1.2)
Allocation of trigger coils and ignition circuits
See Fig. 74-5.
The upper trigger coils A1/2 and A3/4 (raised approx. 5 mm (0.20 in.))
control the top electronic module.
i.e.
Ignition circuit A: top trigger coil - top electronic module
Ignition circuit B:bottom trigger coil - bottom electronic module
◆ NOTE:
The spark plugs are supplied differently on the 912
Series and the 914 Series. See 74-00-00 sec. 3.10.
Fig. 74-5
B3/4
Drehzahlmesser
rev. counter
A1/2
A3/4
00135
d02624
B1/2
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 8
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2.1.3)
Firing order
The firing order is 1 - 4 - 2 - 3.
2.1.4)
Ignition cables
The 8 ignition cables of the spark plug connectors are marked with
number 1 through 4 for cylinder assignment. 2 cables each for the
bottom spark plugs are routed together in a protection hose between
the cylinder heads.
◆ NOTE:
The bottom ignition cables can only be routed into
position without spark plug connector.
The ignition cables are screwed into the dual ignition coil and the spark
plug connector, thus enabling easy replacement.
2.2)
Connections for instrumentation
■ CAUTION:
Electronic rev counter
On the ignition housing there is an inductive pick-up triggering one each
positive or negative impulse at every turn of the crankshaft. The
optional rev counter is a specially adapted AC device.
d02624
2.2.1)
Consult also the relevant section in the Installation Manual.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 9
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02624
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 10
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3) Maintenance / troubleshooting
The following sections describe maintenance procedure for engines of the 912/914
Series above and beyond the maintenance and special checks, see corresponding
Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or
914 Series, and the systems descriptions given hitherto. The description is subdivided
into subsections and descriptions of the function of the various systems.
3.1)
Treatment of corrosion and surface damage
See 71-00-00 sec. 4.
3.1.1
Electric system
Formation of a rust film on the permanent magnets in the magneto ring
and on the metal cores of the trigger coils is harmless.
Replace attachment screws and lock washers if there is heavy
oxidation or rust formation.
Before reassembly clean all contact surfaces of the screws removed
and apply LITHIUM grease. Take care that no foreign objects fall into
the magneto ring. Clean ring terminals and apply LITHIUM grease to
the contact surfaces to assure lasting contact.
Check contact between electrical contacts and ground connections
(ring terminals) by removal, if necessary apply contact spray to
increase conductivity.
3.2)
Checking the ignition unit, trouble shooting
Components can only be replaced but not repaired. If there is no ignition spark,
systematically trace possible causes.
▲ WARNING: For safety’s sake, switch off ignition, if possible, and withdraw
ignition key!
d02624
▲ WARNING: Danger of fatal injury due to high voltage! Always take all
appropriate protective measures and use all safety equipment
when working on the ignition unit!
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 11
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.3)
Spark plugs
See Figs. 74-6 and 74-7.
-
Inspection of the spark plugs:
-
check electrode gap, dimension (SP01), see 74-00-00 sec. 4.
-
check heat range, see 71-00-00 sec. 3.4.
See the latest Maintenance Manual "Line Maintenance“ for the respective
engine type.
Fig. 74-6
SP01
00086
3.4)
Spark plug connectors and ignition cables
See Fig. 74-7.
-
Carry out visual inspection of spark plug connectors (1) for corrosion and
damage, replace if necessary.
Check tight fit of spark plug connectors on the spark plugs as shown in the
maintenance overview. Assure security of the spark plug connector. Spark
plug connectors which are seated too loosely must be replaced.
-
Check minimum pull-off force of 30 N (265 in.lb).
-
Check screw connection with the ignition cable (2) and the tie wrap clip (3).
If there is visible damage, replace spark plug connector.
-
Check correct connection of the ignition cables (2) against the wiring
diagram. See 74-00-00 sec. 3.13.
The cable ends are equipped with identification rings (4). The ignition cables
for the bottom spark plugs are protected by a glass fiber/silicone protection
hose (5) All ignition cables are covered by a protection hose (6) — replace
if there is visible damage.
d05739
For measurement values of the spark plug connectors, see 74-00-00 sec.
3.13
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
74-00-00
page 12
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
-
Check all cables and their plug connections for damage and correct connection
as per wiring diagram. See 74-00-00 sec. 3.13.
-
Check all plug- and screwed connections for oxidation and tight fit.
-
Check shorting cables and ignition switch. If ignition switch failure is suspected,
the shorting cable can be pulled off the ignition switch.
▲ WARNING: Proceed with particular care, because the ignition is not switched
off.
-
Assure sufficient grounding between engine, battery and fuselage. Observe
the fuselage manufacturer's wiring diagram.
Fig. 74-7
1
4
6
5
2
00397
d02624
3
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 13
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.5)
Electronic module, trigger coil kit
See Figs. 74-8, 74-9, 74-10 and 74-11.
■ CAUTION:
On the 914 Series, the ignition points for circuit A and B differ
from that on ROTAX engine 912 ! In the event of failure of an
ignition circuit on the 914 Series, the two 6-pin plug connectors
(1) of the pick-up cables may be swapped over for localization
of the fault, only for the purpose of testing and at low throttle,
never at full throttle.
◆ NOTE:
The ignition unit of the 912 Series and 914 Series have been
standardized. See SI-912-013 and SI-914-016,“Standardization of the ignition unit“, latest issue.
The modules (2) are interchangeable as they are of the same design.
If the affected electronic module is replaced without success, there is a fault in
the charging coil or the trigger coils for this ignition circuit. Dismantling is
described here for both cases. See 74-00-00 sec. 3.19.
If the malfunction in the ignition circuit then appears again when the modules
have been interchanged, there is a fault in the electronic module.
Older engine models
Fig. 74-8
2
New engine models
Fig. 74-9
A
2
2
2
07724
00399
Fig. 74-11
Fig. 74-10
1
1
07725
d02624
00398
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 14
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.6)
Charging coil
See Fig. 74-12.
In case of malfunction of one ignition circuit, the 2 single-pin plugs of the red
charging cables may be interchanged for localization of the problem.
If the failure remains on the same ignition circuit, the electronic module is the
cause and the respective module must be replaced see 74-00-00 sec. 3.5.
If the failure passes on with the ignition circuit, the charging coil (1) for ignition
circuit "A" or (2) for circuit "B" is the cause. In this case the stator must be
removed see 74-00-00 sec. 3.19
Check charging cable for damage. Measure resistance with a multimeter see
74-00-00 sec. 5, if necessary, replace the complete stator. See 74-00-00 sec.
3.12.
Fig. 74-12
3
1
2
d02624
00400
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 15
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.7)
Generator coils
See Fig. 74-12.
If the generator does not work, the reason may be a defective or damaged yellow
alternator cable or a defective winding on the 8 alternator coils (3). Disconnect
alternator cables (yellow) and check resistance values.
Measure the resistance with a multimeter. See 74-00-00 sec. 3.12 and
74-00-00 sec. 5.
◆ NOTE:
If the value measured corresponds with the values specified, the
cause may be a defective rectifier-regulator.
■ CAUTION : When performing any of the work described here, ensure that
no foreign objects can enter the ignition unit.
Checking the integrated alternator in operation:
The check of the internal alternator is carried out at idle speed and under load
on a 150 W (0.201 hp) consumer.
– Establish check circuit as shown on wiring diagram Fig. 74-12.
– Set engine speed to 4000 rpm.
– Check that charge indicating lamp goes out.
– Read off the idle voltage on the voltmeter (8) and record it in the 74-00-00
sec. 5 „Form sheets“.
– Close circuit-breaker (7), read off voltage under load on the voltmeter (8)
and record it in the 74-00-00 sec. 5 „Form sheets“ .
2
4
5
8
G
R +B
3
L
C
3W
6
22 000 mF
1
G
+
G
-
07539
12V 36Ah
Fig. 74-12
V
150W
A
(1)
Magneto-generator
(5)
Capacitor 22 000 µF/25 V
(2)
Recitfier regulator part no. 965345
(6)
Consumer (lamps) 150 W (0.201 hp)
(3)
Charge indicating lamp 3W (0.004 hp)
(7)
Circuit breaker
(4)
Battery 12 V charged
(8)
Voltmeter
Testing is carried out at 4000 rpm with and without consumer.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
74-00-00
page 16
July 01/2008
d04353
7
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.8)
Dual ignition coil
See Figs. 74-13 and 74-14.
If the failure of a single resistance spark plug or 2 resistance spark plugs is
noticed, check the connections and the resistance values of the respective dual
ignition coil, see 74-00-00 sec. 3.12
The iron core (1) must not be loose. If required, replace the dual ignition coil. In
this case, the following dismantling work must be performed, see 74-00-00 sec.
3.15 and 3.16. See SI-912-013 and SI-914-016,“Standardization of the ignition
unit“, latest issue.
Measure the resistance with a multimeter.
See 74-00-00 sec. 3.12 and 74-00-00 sec. 5.
Older engine models
New engine models
Fig. 74-14
Fig. 74-13
to electronic module
to ground
1
1
to ground
to electronic module
07726
d04778
00401
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
74-00-00
page 17
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.9)
Cut-in speed of ignition
See Fig. 74-15
Ignition must cut-in between 150 rpm. and max. 220 rpm. of crankshaft speed.
To be checked with stroboscope and inductive pliers (see 00-00-00 sec. 10.5).
For this procedure, connect stroboscope (1) to battery (2) and clamp inductive
pliers (3) to the ignition cable of cylinder 1 (top) or cylinder 2 (top). These two
spark plugs are actuated by the trigger coil A1/2.
Start engine, aim stroboscope towards trigger coil A1/2 and observe flashing
light.
This procedure should be performed on all ignition cables.
◆ NOTE:
A precise inspection is only possible on an ignition test bed.
Fig. 74-15
1
3
2
d02624
00402
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 18
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.10) Ignition timing control
See Figs. 74-16 and 74-17.
The automatic ignition timing is actuated by the trigger cam (1) of ignition circuit
A or trigger cam (2) of ignition circuit B. Transition from start ignition timing to
operating ignition timing takes place from 650 rpm upwards.
Inspection is carried out with a stroboscope and induction pliers.
For this procedure, connect stroboscope to battery and clamp inductive pliers
to the ignition cable of cylinder "1 top". This spark plug is actuated by the trigger
coil A1/2.
At an engine speed of 150 to max. 1000 rpm,. the trailing edge of the trigger cam
(3) aligns with the core (4) of the trigger coil.
Trigger coil assignation (on the 912 Series)
Trigger coil A1/2 serves the top spark plug of cylinder 1 and 2
Trigger coil A3/4 serves the bottom spark plug of cylinder 3 and 4.
Trigger coil B1/2 serves the bottom spark plug of cylinder 1 and 2
Trigger coil B3/4 serves the top spark plug of cylinder 3 and 4.
Trigger coil assignation (on the 914 Series)
Trigger coil A1/2 serves the top spark plug of cylinder 1 and 2
Trigger coil A3/4 serves the top spark plug of cylinder 3 and 4
Trigger coil B1/2 serves the bottom spark plug of cylinder 1 and 2
Trigger coil B3/4 serves the bottom spark plug of cylinder 3 and 4.
After transition from start ignition timing to operating ignition timing, the leading
edge of the trigger cam (5) aligns with the core (4) of the trigger coil.
See Fig. 74-17.
For wear limits, see 74-00-00 sec. 4.
The readings must be entered in 72-00-00 sec. 5.
The ignition timing control must be carried out on all 4 trigger coils, paying
attention to the corresponding ignition cable.
d02624
See 72-00-00 sec. 5.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 19
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Start ignition timing
B3/4
1
4
A1/2
3
Fig. 74-16
A3/4
B1/2
Operating ignition timing
07486
2
B3/4
4
Fig. 74-17
A1/2
5
A3/4
d02624
07487
B1/2
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 20
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.11) Ignition circuits inspection (ignition check)
Let engine warm up. The ignition check is performed at an engine speed of
approx. 4000 rpm (approx. 1700 propeller speed).
d02624
Switch off ignition circuit "A" with ignition switch. This causes only 1 spark plug
per cylinder to fire. The speed drop with only one spark plug per cylinder must
not exceed 300 rpm. Then perform the same inspection with ignition circuit "B"
switched off. Here, too, the speed drop must not exceed 300 rpm. The difference
in speed using only circuit A or B must not exceed 115 rpm.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 21
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.12) Measurement values for the ignition unit
The following measurement values can be checked at the appropriate point after
detaching the plug connections.
Generator coil
(on stator)
Generator coil
yellow
yellow
Charging coil
(on stator)
red
Trigger coil
green/white
Trigger coil new *
(with clamps)
white/yellow
Primary ignition coil
connection contact
Secondary ignition coil
high voltage
Spark plug connector
0.1 to
0.8 Ω
-
yellow
ground
-
ground
3.2 to
4.5 Ω
blue/yellow 115.0 to 123.0 Ω
-
blue/yellow 220.0 to 250.0 Ω
-
ground
0.1
to 0.4 Ω
-
High v.
6.1
to 6.7 kΩ
4.4
to 6.0 kΩ
∞
* Fitted in serial production from year 1995.
◆ NOTE:
A check of the complete ignition unit is only possible on an
ignition test bench with an oscilloscope. This is especially
important if failure occurs only intermittently. In this case, send
the complete ignition unit to an authorized overhaul facility.
d05739
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
74-00-00
page 22
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02624
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 23
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.13) Wiring diagrams
3.13.1) Engine internal (on the 912 Series)
Wiring diagram of the ignition unit ("individual plug"), 912 Series
See Figs. 74-18, 74-19 and 74-20.
Legend to wiring diagram (Fig. 74-18)
ignition magneto generator
trigger coil for ignition circuit ”A”
trigger coil for ignition circuit ”B”
trigger coil for rev counter
plug receptacle 2-pin
electronic rev counter
grounding switch for ignition circuit ”A” and ”B”
plug receptacle 1-pin
plug receptacle 4-pin
electronic module for ignition circuit ”A”
electronic module for ignition circuit ”B”
double ignition coil
engine
cylinder 1-4
spark plugs
charging coils
consumer connection
o
color code
d02624
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
V
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 24
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
15
3
1T
4
3B
1
1B
14
2
bl
ge
gn
ws/ge
ws/ge
9
bl/ge
O gn
bl/ge
ws
8
9
O gn
7
o ro
V
8
0,5 bl/ge
0,5 ws/ge
0,75 ro
1,5 ge
1,5 ge
o ro
0,5 ws/ge
0,5 bl/ge
1
3
0,5 ws/ge
2
0,5 bl/ge
4
1,5
1,5
A3/4
o bl
5
6
16
3
0,75 ro
o gn
A1/
2
2
O bl
0,5 ws/ge
0,5 bl/ge
0,5 bl/ge
0,5 ws/ge
O ro
0,75 sw
/2
bl/ge
0,75 br
/4
ws/ge
7
0,75 sw
00403
74-00-00
page 25
October 01/2010
1 sw
1 sw
1 sw
1 sw
12
B
1B
0,75 sw
8
0,75 bl
0,75 gn
0,75 ws
0,75 ge
0,75 bl
0,75 br
0,75 or
8
O ws
mit B
11
10
O ge
mit A
gn
0,75 br
ws/ge
bl/ge
O bl
ws
0,75 bl
O gn
0,75 ge
0,75 ws
8
O ro
O bl
0,75 sw
0,75 sw
0,75 or
0,75 br
0,75 gn
0,75 ws
0,75 ge
0,75 bl
bl
ge
B
0,75 sw
O gn
0,75 bl
0,75 sw
0,75 ws
B3
d04778
2B
12
1T
4B
0,75 sw
0,75 bl
A
O ro
O bl
0,75 ws
0,75 ge
8
ignition circuit A: 1 - 2 TOP
3 - 4 BOTTOM
ignition circuit B: 1 - 2 BOTTOM
3 - 4 TOP
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
Propellerseite
0,75 ws
0,75 ws
0,75 ws
blue
brown
yellow
green
red
pink
black
white
orange
Magnetseite
A
ro
bl
A
3T
Fig. 74-18 shows the wiring diagram
for electronic modules with 1-pin and
4-pin plugs.
gn
B
◆ NOTE:
bl
br
ge
gn
ro
rs
sw
ws
or
2T
12
3B
4T
12
13
1 sw
1 sw
1 sw
Engine version 912 A/F/
UL older model
B1
1 sw
4T
3T
4B
2T
2B
14
Fig. 74-18
15
T = top = oben
B = bottom = unten
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Legend to wiring diagram (Fig. 74-19)
ignition magneto generator
trigger coil for ignition circuit ”A”
trigger coil for ignition circuit ”B”
trigger coil for rev counter
plug receptacle 2-pin
electronic rev counter
grounding switch for ignition circuit ”A” and ”B”
plug receptacle 1-pin
plug receptacle 4-pin
electronic module for ignition circuit ”A”
electronic module for ignition circuit ”B”
double ignition coil
engine
cylinder 1 - 4
spark plugs
charging coils
consumer connection
o
color code
d02624
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
V
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 26
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
ws
A ws
A ge
ws
4B
ws
A 1/2
A 3/4
3
12
2B
1 sw
1 sw
1 sw
A
B
A
0,75 or
3/4T
1/2B
sw
bl
bl
0,75 gn
0,75 ws
0,75 ge
0,75 bl
0,75 br
ws/ge
ws/ge
ws
9
bl/ge
O gn
bl/ge
8
8
1
0,5 bl/ge
0,5 ws/ge
1,5 ge
1,5 ge
2
16
3
2
4
0,5 bl/ge
0,5 ws/ge
A3/4
o bl
5
6
1,5
1,5
O gn
7
V
0,5 ws/ge
0,5 bl/ge
3
0,75 ro
o gn
2
A1/
o ro
7
o ro
0,5 ws/ge
0,5 bl/ge
0,5 bl/ge
0,5 ws/ge
O bl
gn
8
bl
ge
10
gn
9
ws/ge
ws/ge
bl/ge
O ro
0,75 sw
/4
bl/ge
0,75 br
0,75 sw
B3
O bl
ws
sw
0,75 ws
0,75 sw
sw
1/2B
ws
or ws ge
0,75 ge
0,75 ro
0,75 bl
0,75 br
0,75 ro
0,75 ge
0,75 bl
0,75 gn
0,75 ws
0,75 bl
sw
0,75 sw
17
11
B
A
0,75 or
0,75 ws
0,75 bl
0,75 sw
0,75 bl
3/4T
ws ro
1B
1T
0,75 sw
0,75 ws
bl
ge
Propellerseite
0,75 sw
0,75 ws
0,75 ge
ignition circuit A: 1 - 2 TOP
3 - 4 BOTTOM
ignition circuit B: 1 - 2 BOTTOM
3 - 4 TOP
d04778
4B
3T
0,75 sw
0,75 sw
0,75 sw
17
Fig. 74-19 shows the wiring diagram for electronic modules
with 1-pin, 4-pin and 6-pin plugs.
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
2T
3B
B
4T
sw
sw
3/4B
sw
1/2T
bl
bl
sw
0,75 ws
0,75 ws
◆ NOTE:
blue
brown
yellow
green
red
pink
black
white
orange
1 sw
13
1 sw
1 sw
1 sw
3/4B
ws ro
1/2T
ws
or ws ge
Engine version 912 ULS/S
older model
bl
br
ge
gn
ro
rs
sw
ws
or
Magnetseite
B1
/2
1 sw
4T
3T
4
1
B 3/4
B 1/2
1B
2
2T
B ws
ws
1T
2B
B ge
3B
14
Fig. 74-19
15
T = top = oben
B = bottom = unten
04702
74-00-00
page 27
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Legend to wiring diagram (Fig. 74-20)
ignition magneto generator
trigger coil for ignition circuit ”A”
trigger coil for ignition circuit ”B”
trigger coil for rev counter
plug receptacle 2-pin
electronic rev counter
grounding switch for ignition circuit ”A” and ”B”
plug receptacle 1-pin
plug receptacle 4-pin
electronic module for ignition circuit ”A”
electronic module for ignition circuit ”B”
double ignition coil
engine
cylinder 1 - 4
spark plugs
charging coils
consumer connection
o
color code
d02624
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
V
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 28
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
T = top = oben
B = bottom = unten
Fig. 74-20
Engine version 912
A/F/UL/ULS/S
new model
◆ NOTE:
viol
viol
viol
Starterrelais
starter relay
viol
0,75 viol
0,75 viol
Starterrelais
starter relay
Fig. 74-20 shows the wiring diagram
for electronic modules with 6-pin and
6-pin plugs. See also SI-912-020.
ignition circuit A: 1 - 2 TOP
3 - 4 BOTTOM
ignition circuit B: 1 - 2 BOTTOM
3 - 4 TOP
blue
brown
yellow
green
red
pink
black
white
orange
violet
d05739
bl
br
ge
gn
ro
rs
sw
ws
or
viol
09868
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
74-00-00
page 29
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.13.2 Engine internal (on the 914 Series)
See Figs. 74-21 and 74-22.
Legend to wiring diagram (Fig. 74-21)
ignition magneto generator
trigger coil for ignition circuit ”A”
trigger coil for ignition circuit ”B”
trigger coil for rev counter
plug receptacle 2-pin
electronic rev counter
grounding switch for ignition circuit ”A” and ”B”
plug receptacle 1-pin
plug receptacle 4-pin
electronic module for ignition circuit ”A”
electronic module for ignition circuit ”B”
double ignition coil
engine
cylinder 1 - 4
spark plugs
charging coils
consumer connection
o
color code
d02624
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
V
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 30
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
2T
ws
4B
ws
3
A 3/4
A 3/4
12
A 1/2
1 sw
1 sw
1 sw
1 sw
B 3/4
2B
12
2T
12
3B
4T
Engine version 914 UL/F
older model
12
13
1 sw
1 sw
1 sw
1 sw
4T
3T
A 1/2
1B
A ws
A ge
4
1
ws
B 3/4
B 1/2
1T
2
B ws
ws
3B
2B
B ge
15
14
14
Fig. 74-21
15
T = top = oben
B = bottom = unten
Magnetseite
(magneto side)
B 1/2
◆ NOTE:
0,75 ws
0,75 ws
0,75 ws
8
ge
bl
ws
gn
0,75 gn
0,75 ws
0,75 ge
0,75 bl
9
8
0,5 bl/ge
0,5 ws/ge
0,75 ro
1,5 ge
1,5 ge
8
7
o ro
2
A1/
1
3
o gn
0,5 ws/ge
0,5 bl/ge
16
TCU
0,75 ro
o gn
0,75 sw
2
o ro
7
0,75 sw
0,75 br
0,5 ws/ge
0,5 bl/ge
0,5 bl/ge
0,5 ws/ge
o bl
8
11
10
0,75 br
0,75 rs
0,75 sw
0,75 sw
0,75 ge
0,75 ws
0,75 ws
0,75 ge
A
B
8
8
0,75 rs
0,75 br
8
bl
gn
0,75 gn
0,75 ws
0,75 ge
0,75 bl
ge
ws
9
0,75 br
/4
blue
brown
yellow
green
red
pink
black
white
B3
bl
br
ge
gn
ro
rs
sw
ws
0,75 sw
0,75 sw
0,75 sw
0,75 sw
0,75 sw
0,75 sw
0,75 sw
0,75 sw
0,75 ws
ignition circuit A: 1 - 4 TOP
ignition circuit B: 1 - 4 BOTTOM
Propellerseite
(propeller side)
1B
1T
4B
3T
Fig. 74-21 shows the wiring
diagram for electronic modules with 1-pin and 4-pin plugs.
/2
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
2 o bl
4
00218
A3/4
d04778
5
3
B1
0,5 bl/ge
0,5 ws/ge
74-00-00
page 31
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Legend to wiring diagram (Fig. 74-22)
ignition magneto generator
trigger coil for ignition circuit ”A”
trigger coil for ignition circuit ”B”
trigger coil for rev counter
plug receptacle 2-pin
electronic rev counter
grounding switch for ignition circuit ”A” and ”B”
plug receptacle 1-pin
plug receptacle 4-pin
electronic module for ignition circuit ”A”
electronic module for ignition circuit ”B”
double ignition coil
engine
cylinder 1 - 4
spark plugs
charging coils
consumer connection
o
color code
d02624
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
V
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 32
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
T = top = oben
B = bottom = unten
Fig. 74-22
Engine version 914
UL/F new model
◆ NOTE:
viol
viol
Starterrelais
starter relay
viol
0,75 viol
0,75 viol
Starterrelais
starter relay
Fig. 74-22 shows the wiring diagram for
electronic modules with 6-pin and 6-pin
plugs. See also SI-912-020.
viol
0,75 viol
0,75 viol
ignition circuit A: 1 - 4 TOP
ignition circuit B: 1 - 4 BOTTOM
blue
brown
yellow
green
red
pink
black
white
violet
d05739
bl
br
ge
gn
ro
rs
sw
ws
viol
09869
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
74-00-00
page 33
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02624
3.13.3 Engine external (on the 914 Series)
See latest Installation Manual for engines of the 914 Series and
76-00-00 sec. 3.1.2.3.
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 34
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.14) Ignition electric set removal
See Fig. 74-23
The ignition electric set, consisting of 2 electronic modules and 4 dual ignition
coils, is fitted to the engine on 3 rubber buffers. For removal, detach all 8 spark
plug connectors (1) from the spark plugs. Cut the tie wraps for the 4 lower spark
plug connectors, unscrew the resistance spark plug connectors and draw the
ignition cables with protection hose through the cylinder heads. Take care not
to lose the ignition cable identification rings.
◆ NOTE:
On engines with hydraulic propeller governor, it is necessary to
also remove the resistance spark plug connectors of the 2 upper
spark plugs of cylinders 2 and 4 to allow easy removal of the
ignition cables.
Cut all tie wraps (2) for ignition cable attachment and the plug connectors.
Remove cable clamp (3) and grounding cable (10) after removal of allen screw
M5x25 (4) at the electronic module. Mark the two plug connections (5) of the
pickup cables and the plug connection of the red charging cable and remove
them (see 74-00-00 sec. 3.13 respective wiring diagram for ignition unit). Detach
both attachments (6) of the ignition electric set (1 x M6 on ignition housing and
1 x M8 on crankcase).
d02624
Remove 4 allen screws M6 (7) from each of the two intake manifolds (8). Now
the 2 intake manifolds (8) with O-rings, resonator line (9) and ignition electric set
can be removed, proceeding with great care. Plug all 4 intake apertures to avoid
entry of foreign objects
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 35
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 74-23
2
2
1
1
7
8
7
7
8
4
6
10
4
00334
9
5
3
d02624
6
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 36
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.15) Ignition electric set dismantling
See Figs. 74-24 and 74-25.
◆ NOTE:
Before removal, mark all 8 ignition cables resp. check the
correct application of the identification rings (1)-(2)-(3 )-(4) of
cylinders no. 1 through 4 to avoid mix-up at reassembly.
Cut the remaining tie wraps (25) of the spark plug connectors and unscrew the
spark plug connectors.
Remove allen screw M5x25 (6) for the electronic modules (7) and tilt modules
sideways from the engine. Remove hex. screw M6x16 (8) and lock washer from
the intake manifold and the grounding cables (9) of both electronic modules and
(10) from the 4 ignition coils as well as the grounding cable of the sensor cable
assembly (26). Pay attention to the correct connection between electronic
modules and ignition coils.
3.15.1 Dual ignition coils replacement
On older engine versions (electronic module with 1+ 4 pin plug):
See Fig. 74-24.
For replacement of a dual ignition coil, the following dismantling
procedure is required:
Remove hex. nut M6 (11) and rubber buffer (12) with bracket (13).
Remove the allen screw M6x16 (14) from the rubber buffer (15) with
an allen key. Remove both hexagon socket screws (16) and ignition coil
holder (17) as well as the 3 rubber buffers (18) together with the bracket
(19).
Remove both allen screws M6x30 (20) from the distance nut M6 (21).
After detaching the double grounding cables (10), the dual ignition coils
(22) can be replaced individually. The ignition cables are screwed in and
therefore are replaceable.
With the exception of the dual ignition coil (23) for spark
plug 3 and 4 bottom, all are fitted in the same position,
with boss (24) upwards.
d02624
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 37
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
On newer engine versions (electronic module with 6+ 4 pin plug):
See Fig. 74-25.
When replacing a dual ignition coil, the following dismantling procedure
is required:
Remove hex. nut M6 (11) and rubber buffer (12) with bracket (13).
Using an allen key, remove the allen screw M6x16 (14) on the rubber
buffer (15) and remove the ignition coil holder (28). Remove both allen
screws (16) and ignition coil holder (17) as well as the rubber buffer (18)
together with the bracket (19).
Remove both allen screws M6x30 (20) at the distance nut M6 (21) and
remove the connector holder (42). After detaching the dual ignition coils
(22) with the fixation latch (37), the dual ignition coils (22) can be
replaced individually. To do so, release the corresponding cables
(white/blue) from the connector housing using special pin release tool
part no. 877500.
The ignition cables are screwed into the dual ignition coil and thus also
replaceable.
With the exception of the dual ignition coil (23) for spark
plug 3 and 4 bottom, all are fitted in the same position,
with boss (24) upwards.
d02624
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 38
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
For older engine models
Fig. 74-24
6
1
7
1
3
3
5
8 26
9
10
2
39
27
28
15
4
5
11
14
20
24
16
21
38
23 17
2
25
12
39
22
4
13
25
20
37
19
16
18
40
36
d02624
00406
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 39
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
For new engine models
Fig. 74-25
6
A LOCTITE 243
I: LITHIUMSEIFENFETT
LITHIUM BASE GREASE
6
S SILIKON
WÄRMELEITPASTE
SILICONE
HEAT COMPOUND
26
3
7
1
1
5
8
3
2
28
39
27
9
4
15
11
14
20
24
5
16
21
2
25
12
39
40
23
4
37
17
38
4
25
22
13
20
16
19
18
42
07777
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
74-00-00
page 40
February 01/2015
d05739
36
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.16) Ignition electric set reassembly
On older engine versions (electronic module with 1+ 4 pin plug):
See Figs. 74-18, 74-19, 74-21 and 74-24.
Re-assembly of dual ignition coils in reverse order.
Attach the dual ignition coils offset and in the correct position as per drawing, with
the two allen screws M6x30 (20) and lock washers A6 with distance nut M6 (21).
Pay attention to the dual ignition coil (23) for spark plugs 3B and 4B. It must be
fitted turned by 180° compared with the 3 other dual ignition coils, see Fig. 7424.
With the two allen screws M6x20 (16), lock washer A 6 and hex. nut M6 reassemble, first only slightly tightening, the ignition coil holder (17), the ignition
coil bracket (19), and the dual ignition coils.
Insert ignition cable (27) into the ignition coil holder (28) and fit the dual ignition
coils on rubber buffer (15) with the allen screw (14) M6x16 and lock washer.
◆ NOTE:
When replacing the rubber buffer (15), secure it on the intake
manifold with LOCTITE 243.
The connections of the white cables and the black grounding cables of the dual
ignition coils must be placed as per wiring diagram. Route the grounding cables
(9) and (10) towards the outside. To achieve the correct distance, fit the two
electronic modules (7) on the ignition coil holders with allen screws (6) M5x25.
Now all attachment screws for dual ignition coils can be tightened. Tighten
ignition coil bracket (13) and rubber buffer (12) with hex. nut M6 and lock washer.
On newer engine versions (electronic module with 6+ 4 pin plug):
See Figs. 74-20, 74-22 and 74-25.
Re-assembly of dual ignition coils in reverse order.
Screw corresponding ignition cables with protection hose onto the dual ignition
coils.
The correct cable lengths and assignations can be seen in the
latest Illustrated Parts Catalog.
d05739
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
74-00-00
page 41
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Attach the dual ignition coils offset and in the correct position with fixation latch
(37) and connector holder (42) as per drawing, with the two allen screws M6x30
(20) and lock washers A6 with distance nut M6 (21). Pay attention to the dual
ignition coil (23) for spark plugs 3B and 4B. It must be fitted turned by 180°
compared with the 3 other dual ignition coils, see Fig. 74-25.
With the two allen screws M6x20 (16), lock washer A 6 and hex. nut M6, reassemble, first only slightly tightening, the ignition coil holder (17), the ignition
coil bracket (19), and the dual ignition coils.
Insert ignition cable (27) into the ignition coil holder (28) and fit the dual ignition
coils on rubber buffer (15) with the allen screw (14) M6x16 and lock washer.
◆ NOTE:
When replacing the rubber buffer (15), secure it on the intake
manifold with LOCTITE 243.
The connectors of the white/blue primary cables from the dual ignition coils must
be connected up as shown in the wiring diagram.
■ CAUTION : The different ignition distribution of engine types 912/914 is
achieved by means of the different plug assignation on the 6-pin
connector housing, see Fig. 74-20 and 74-22, item. (16).
Route the grounding cables (9) towards the outside. To achieve the correct
distance, fit the two electronic modules (7) on the ignition coil holders with allen
screws (6) M5x25.
Now all attachment screws for the dual ignition coils can be tightened. Tighten
ignition coil bracket (13) and rubber buffer (12) with hex. nut M6 and lock washer.
Now engage the two 6-pin connector receptacles of the electronic modules in
the connector holder (42) and fit the connector housing of the dual ignition coils.
■ CAUTION : Pay attention to the correct attachment position A/B and the
position on the connector holder!
---> magneto side position
Plug connection B
---> power take off side position
d05739
Plug connection A
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
74-00-00
page 42
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.17) Ignition electric set refitting
On older engine versions (electronic module with 1+ 4 pin plug):
See Figs. 74-24 and 74-26.
Insert O-rings (33) 34x2 in the groove (34) of the cylinder heads and remove the
plugs from the intake openings. Fit both intake manifolds (35) with preassembled ignition electric set and tighten crosswise with 4 allen screws M6x25/
70 and lock washers. Insert rubber buffer (18) into bracket (36) of ignition
housing and tighten with hex. nut and lock washer.
Place distance sleeve (37) in position and fix ignition electric set on crankcase
with hex. screw (38) M8, washer and lock washer. Now tighten all screws and
nuts of the ignition electric set.
Fit grounding cables (9), (10) and (26) on the nubs (41) at the intake manifold
with hex. screw (8) M6x16 and lock washer. Attach both 4-pin plug connections
(electronic module to trigger coil kit) and secure with tie wrap.
◆ NOTE:
The pick-up cable of ignition circuit A (top module) is marked at
the end of the isolating hose with the colors blue and red. Those
of ignition circuit B (bottom module) are green and colorless
(neutral) respectively.
■ CAUTION : The cable shielding must be fully inserted into the cable clamp
to assure optimum grounding.
Connect the two red cables coming from the charging coils with the two pink
cables of the SMD electronic modules. Route the whole cable assembly into the
cable clamp and attach it to the ignition coil holder (17) together with the
electronic module using allen screw (6) M5x25.
Fit two each ignition cables (39) for the lower spark plugs into the glass fiber/
silicone tube (5) and route them between cylinder heads. Screw resistance
spark plug connector (40) onto the ignition cables, secure with tie wraps (25) and
fit onto the spark plugs as shown on the wiring diagram.
d02624
Attach 4 ignition cables each for cylinders 1 - 3 and 2 - 4 to the new coolant hose
with a new tie wrap.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 43
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
On newer engine versions (electronic module with 6+ 4 pin plug):
See Figs. 74-25 and 74-27.
Remove plugs from the intake openings and insert O-rings (33) 34x2 in the
groove (34) of the cylinder heads. Fit both intake manifolds (35) with preassembled ignition electric set and tighten crosswise with 4 allen screws M6x25/
70 and lock washers. Insert rubber buffer (18) into bracket (36) of ignition
housing and tighten with hex. nut and lock washer.
Place retaining bracket (13) in position and fix ignition electric set on crankcase
with allen screw (38) M8, washer and lock washer. Now tighten all screws and
nuts of the ignition electric set.
Fit grounding cables (9) and (26) on the nubs (41) at the intake manifold with hex.
screw (8) M6x16 and lock washer. Engage both 6-pin connector receptacles for
the trigger coil kit in the connector holder (42) and insert the connector
receptacles for the electronic modules.
◆ NOTE:
The pick-up cable of ignition circuit A (top module) is marked at
the end of the isolating hose with the colors blue and red. Those
of ignition circuit B (bottom module) are marked green and
colorless (neutral).
◆ NOTE:
Ensure that they are plugged in in the correct position on the
connector holder!
Plug connection A ---> „"top“
Plug connection B ---> "bottom“
Route the whole cable assembly into the cable clamp and attach it to the ignition
coil holder (17) with LOCTITE 243 together with the electronic module using
allen screw (6) M5x25.
■ CAUTION : The cable shielding must be fully inserted into the cable clamp
to assure optimum grounding.
Fit two ignition cables (39) for each of the lower spark plugs into the glass fiber/
silicone protection hose (5) and route them between the cylinder heads. Thread
identification rings (1 - 4) onto the ignition cables as shown on the wiring diagram
and screw resistance spark plug connectors (40) onto the ignition cables, secure
with tie wraps (25) and fit onto the spark plugs as shown in the wiring diagram.
d05739
Attach 4 ignition cables each for cylinders 1 - 3 and 2 - 4 to the coolant hose with
a new tie wrap.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
74-00-00
page 44
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 74-26
41
35
33
34
33
34
Fig. 74-27
00408
35
41
33
34
34
33
d02624
05820
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 45
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.18) Trigger coil kit replacement
See Figs. 74-28, 74-29, 74-30, 74-31, 74-32 and 74-33.
Because of the shielding (6), the trigger coil kit (5) can be exchanged only as a
complete set. Remove the attachment screws (7) with the distance sleeves (8)
and cable clamps and fit new trigger coil kit. The stator (9) need not be removed
in this case.
The trigger coils (1) are only adjustable to a limited extent. The gap (2) between
trigger coil and trigger cam (3) is equal to dimension (IH02).
◆ NOTE:
The trigger coil kit for older engine versions is no longer available.
However, there is a new trigger coil kit with new trigger coils
which will fit older engines.
For easier adjustment, on the new trigger coils ("clip on pick up“), the attachment
has been changed from a cylindrical hole with centering (21) to a elongated hole
(22).
The gap (IH02) between the trigger coil and the trigger cam must be adjusted
using a feeler gauge. On trigger coil with oblong hole, 5 washers, part no. 827800
(23) are also needed for the fastening.
■ CAUTION : As the trigger coils are no longer centered and the screw has
clearance in the oblong hole, during adjustment of the gap
(IH02), all trigger coils must be pressed clockwise up to the limit
stop.
■ CAUTION : Fit the cable clamps in such a way that there is adequate
grounding between the shielding and the ignition housing.
d05739
See 74-00-00 sec. 4 and sec. 5 forms.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
74-00-00
page 46
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 74-28
Fig. 74-29
IH03
1
4
On older engine models
(discontinued)
IH02
2
3
On new engine models
(„clip on pickup“)
00089
07728
Fig. 74-31
Fig. 74-30
Trigger coil alignment
23
21
22
08450
d05739
„Old“
„New“
07139
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
74-00-00
page 47
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.19) Stator removal and refitting
See Figs. 74-32, 74-33 and 74-34.
Lock crankshaft with the thread bolt, part no. 240880 See also 75-00-00.
Remove hex. screw (10) M16x1.5 together with lock washer and washers. Place
protection piece, part no. 877410, on crankshaft, screw puller, part no. 877375,
fully onto the thread (11) and press off fly wheel hub (12) together with magneto
ring with the hex. screw of the puller. Store fly wheel hub assy. aside so that no
foreign objects can be attracted by the magnet.
◆ NOTE:
For removal of stator, the ignition housing need not be removed.
Remove four allen screws (13) and the cable clamp. Remove stator ass’y (9)
from the centering (14) and carry out a visual inspection. Check cable assembly
for damage. The contact faces (15) between stator and ignition housing must
be clean to assure good grounding. Check the resistance values of the
components, see 74-00-00 sec. 4.
d02624
Repair of the stator is not planned. When replacing the stator, pay attention to
correct routing of the cable assembly. One each charging coil grounding cable
is screwed with the stator fixation. At assembly, apply Lithium grease to the
contact areas (20) of the stator and the screw heads.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 48
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.20) Fly wheel hub'
See Fig. 74-32.
Carry out visual inspection of magneto inner side (16) and the taper surface (17).
Under normal circumstances, dismantling of fly wheel hub is not necessary.
If it has been dismantled, clean the contact faces (18) Apply LOCTITE 243 to all
10 allen screws (19) (alternating 5 screws M6x30 and 5 screws M6x25) and
screw together.
◆ NOTE:
The hole pattern in the magneto ring is symmetrical and
therefore it can be assembled in any position.
Check woodruff key in crankshaft for tight fit. Degrease tapers of crankshaft and
fly wheel hub and apply LOCTITE 243 sparingly.
Fit fly wheel on assy. Apply grease on the contact face of the washer 17/36/5 (20)
and of the lock washer 16 (21). Screw in hex. screw M16x1.5 (10) with washer
17/36/5 and lock washer 16 and immediately tighten to 45 Nm (33.2 ft.lb) +180°
angle to rotation.
■ CAUTION : The woodruff key must remain in the groove.
Adjust the air gap of the external triggers with feeler gauge to dimension (1H02).
Check external trigger coils for correct axial position with reference to the trigger
cam of the fly wheel hub. Offset must not exceed dimension (IH03), see
74-00-00 sec. 3.18.
d05739
See 74-00-00 sec. 4.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
74-00-00
page 49
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Older engine models
Fig. 74-32
6
5
7
14
9
19
15
20
13
12
16
11
20
21
10
5
8
7
07729
7
17
d04353
18
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
74-00-00
page 50
July 01/2008
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
New engine models
Fig. 74-33
09890
6
7
5
9
O
I
Bild 74-34
21
7
5
7
d05739
07731
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
74-00-00
page 51
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.21) Interference suppression box (only on the 912 Series)
See Fig. 74-35.
◆ NOTE:
Fitted in serial production up to 1995!
3.21.1) Interference suppression box dismantling
The interference suppression box contains two electronic boxes, four
dual ignition coils and two capacitors. Each interference suppression
box bears a consecutive serial number on the cover. Always quote this
serial number in the event of inquiries.
Before removal, all eight ignition cables must be marked as shown on
the cover to ensure correct reassembly. Remove the 3 countersunk
screws M4x12 and take off the top terminal strip. Now the individual
ignition cables can be replaced as necessary.
d02624
Mark and pull off all connections for the ignition coils. Remove the four
countersunk screws M4x12 on the bottom side of the electronic box.
Unscrew the grounding cable at the ignition coil. Now the complete
ignition coil group can be taken out. If necessary, the electronic boxes
can also be removed after closing the shorting cables on the capacitors.
Check the capacitors and replace if necessary. Now all individual parts
can be inspected.
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 52
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.21.2) Interference suppression box wiring diagram
zum
Kondensator
weiß
weiß
1T
3B
A1/2
1
2
3
6
7
8
4
5
9
10
A3/4
2T
4B
3T
1B
B3/4
B1/2
2B
weiß - weiß/rot
weiß - weiß/rot
weiß - weiß/rot
weiß - weiß/rot
Geberpaar
A3/4 B1/2
Kondensator
unten:
Zündkreis B
B
Geberpaar
A1/2 B3/4
4T
4B
2T
2B
1T
1B
3T
Kondensator
oben:
Zündkreis A
3B
Zündabschaltung:
Generatorleitungen
Zündkreis A und B
rot
rot
A
04787
Fig. 74-35
Geberleitungen
von Zündkreis B
sind an beiden
Enden rot
markiert
weiß
weiß
4T
IGNITION CIRCUIT A
IGNITION CIRCUIT B
(1) alternator cable, red
(6) alternator cable, red (from stator)
shorting cable, white
(2) pick-up cable
shorting cable, white (to capacitor)
(7) pick-up cable
white, for ignition circuit A-Cyl. 3
white, for ignition circuit B-Cyl. 1
white/red, for ignition circuit A-Cyl. 4
white/red, for ignition circuit B-Cyl. 2
(3) pick-up cable
(8) pick-up cable
white, for ignition circuit A-Cyl. 1
white, for ignition circuit B-Cyl. 3
white/red, for ignition circuit A-Cyl. 2
white/red, for ignition circuit B-Cyl. 4
(4) primary cable for ignition coil,
(9) primary cable for ignition coil,
ignition circuit A, Cyl. 3/4, black (ground)
ignition circuit B, Cyl. 1/2, black (ground)
ignition circuit A, Cyl. 3/4, white
ignition circuit B, Cyl. 1/2, white
(5) primary cable for ignition coil,
(10)primary cable for ignition coil,
ignition circuit B, Cyl. 3/4, black (ground)
ignition circuit A, Cyl. 1/2, white
ignition circuit B, Cyl. 3/4, white
d02624
ignition circuit A, Cyl. 1/2, black (ground)
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 53
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.21.3) Interference suppression box assembly
The interference suppression box is assembled in reverse order.
Always observe the wiring diagram for the interference suppression
box. Lithiumbase grease must be applied to all cable connections to
prevent leakage current.
Push both electronic boxes into the suppression box housing and
position the pads. Connect grounding cables and primary cables to the
ignition coils. Attach ignition coil set in the suppression housing with 4
countersunk screws M4x12. Secure countersunk screws with LOCTITE
243.
Arrange ignition cables on the bottom part of the terminal strip as shown
in the wiring diagram and the description on the interference suppression box cover and attach with 3 countersunk screws M4x8. Assemble
complete retaining strip in the interference suppression box with two
allen screws M4x12. Secure all screws in the box with LOCTITE 221.
Attach ignition cables 1T and 3B to the ignition cable support with tie
wraps.
3.21.4) Interference suppression box fitting
For safety reasons, the interference suppression box must not be
exposed to ambient temperatures higher than 60 °C (140 °F), and due
to vibration, it should be installed in the cockpit. If the box has to be
installed on the engine due to lack of space, vibration damping
elements must be fitted. Check all grounding from the interference
suppression box to the engine and if necessary, clean the contact faces
and assemble with toothed lock washers. See Service Instruction SI
25-1994.
On models from the year 92 onwards, resistance spark
plug 12mm (.47 in.) DCPR7E is fitted, see SB-912001,“Engine type 912 A, Ignition unit with resistor spark
plug“, latest issue.
d05739
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
74-00-00
page 54
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.22) Rev counter and ignition trigger coils
See Figs. 74-36 and 74-37.
◆ NOTE:
All 5 trigger coils are of equal design. Therefore this checking
procedure is valid for the ignition trigger coils too.
The rev counter trigger coil (3) is fitted on the ignition housing.
- Inspect for physical damage.
- Inspect all connections
■ CAUTION:
Any parts which have suffered physical damage or are not
functioning correctly must be replaced without delay. For measurement values, see 74-00-00 sec. 3.12.
Fig. 74-36
d05739
3
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
09889
74-00-00
page 55
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 74-37
Fig. 74-37 shows oscilloscope images of the rev counter signal at different loads and speeds.
Speed 500 rpm (load 100 Ω)
Speed 6000 rpm (load 100 kΩ
Ω)
(+V)
(+V)
3
15
2
10
1
5
0
0
1
5
2
10
3
15
4
(-V)
1 Umdr. (rev.)
360°
(-V)
1 Umdr. (rev.)
360°
Speed 500 rpm (load 100 kΩ
Ω)
speed 6000 rpm (load 100 Ω)
(+V)
(+V)
10
100
5
50
0
0
5
50
10
(-V)
100
1 Umdr. (rev.)
360°
150
(-V)
1 Umdr. (rev.)
360°
d02624
00219
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 56
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.23) External alternator (optional on 912/914 Series)
3.23.1) V-belt pulley removal
See Fig. 74-38.
After removal of the propeller, the V-belt pulley (3) remains loose on the
propeller flange (2).
After removal of the 8 allen screws M5x16 (7) with the lock washers (8),
the two pulley carrier plates (4), the V-belt pulley(3) and the narrow Vbelt (1) can be taken off.
3.23.2) Alternator removal
Remove the two hex. screws M8x20 (24) with the lock washers (25) and
washers (26) and the tension bar (20) below the external alternator.
Remove the hex. screws M10x45 (18) and take off the alternator (15)
with the washer (17).
Remove the two allen screws M8x20 (10) with the lock washers (11)
and take off the alternator bracket (9).
The alternator support (12) is attached to the gearbox housing with 2
allen screws M6x50 (13), lock washers 6,4 (14). After removal of the
attachment screws, it can be taken off.
3.23.3) V-belt pulley assembly
See Fig. 74-38.
Slide the pulley (3) fully over the propeller flange (2) and insert the Vbelt 9.5x675 (1) loosely in the V-belt pulley.
Insert the two pulley carriers (4) with the centering (5) facing the inside
(6) of the propeller flange and loosely preassemble the propeller with
the two pulley carriers.
Push the V-belt pulley (3) onto the two V-belt pulley carriers (4) and
attach with the 8 allen screws M5x16 (7) with lock washer (8).
■ CAUTION:
The two pulley carriers must be positioned precisely
with the centering exactly on the inside (6) of the
propeller flange.
d04353
Tighten the propeller with the preassembled pulley to the tightening
torque recommended by the propeller manufacturer.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
74-00-00
page 57
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 74-38
4
7
1
8
3
2
6
5
18
07491
13
16
14
10
11
12
9
17
24
25
23
26
22
21
20
19
d04353
15
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
74-00-00
page 58
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.23.4) Checking of the external generator
See Fig. 74-39
3.23.4.1) Check of the power output of the generator
At an alternator rpm of 5000 rpm the output has to be at
least 40 amps (between Terminal B (2) and ground).
◆ NOTE
5000 rpm of the alternator is equivalent to
1680 rpm of the propeller shaft or the propeller
respectively.
3.23.4.2) Mechanical check
■ CAUTION : Disconnect the cable from the negative
battery terminal.
Remove hex-nut (1) from terminal B (2), also remove the
three hex-screws (3). Remove the rear bearing plate(4).
After loosening the crosshead screw (5) and removing the
cover (3) the brush carrier and the rubber can be taken off.
Messure the length of the brush carrier (6) (AL02) and
record the result in the appendix. Check the shaft for
grooves. It should not be possible to feel a ridge (9). Turn
the shaft by hand. The bearings must be easy to move and
must not show any resistance.
3
Fig. 74-39
3
4
2
08481
3
1
5
08482
6
d04353
7
08483
5
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
74-00-00
page 59
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
8
6
08484
9
AL02
08485
3.23.5) Alternator assembly
See Fig. 74-38.
Net loose preassemble the alternator bracket (9) on the gearbox
housing with the two allen screws (10) M8x20 with high tension lock
washer (11) VHZ 8. To attach the alternator support (12), the two allen
screws M6x45 (13) with lock washers A6 are unscrewed from the
propeller gearbox and then retightened to also hold the alternator
support (12).
Push the alternator (15) into the bracket (16) of the alternator bracket,
distance with the washer (17) 10.1/20/0.5 and loosely attach the
alternator with the hex. screw (18) M10x45.
Now the two allen screws (10) M8 can be tightened to 22 Nm (195 in.lb)
and the two allen screws (13) M6 to 10 Nm (90 in.lb) together with the
lock washers and washer (14). Insert the V-belt (1) into the pulley of the
alternator (19).
Loosely preassemble the tension bar (20) on the side with the oblong
hole on the alternator bracket (9) with allen screws (21) M8x16, washer
(23) 8.4 and lock washer A8 (22). Then loosely preassemble tension
bar (20) on the alternator (15) with allen screw (24) M8x20, lock washer
(25) and washer (26).
d04353
3.23.6) V-belt tension
See latest Maintenance Manual "Line Maintenance“ for the respective
engine type.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
74-00-00
page 60
July 01/2008
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
4) Wear limits
SP01
00086
07510
d05739
07515
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
74-00-00
page 61
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
08696
Code
Description
Reading new
wear
limit
wear
limit
50%
min
max
100%
0,6
0,022
0,7
0,028
0,9
0,035
Readings
Spark plug
electrode gap 912
and 914
SP01
actual
renewed
Ignition housing
A 1/2
trigger coil gap “old
type”
IH02
trigger coil gap (with
IH02
clamps)
0,4
0,016
0,5
0,020
0,3
0,012
0,4
0,016
B 1/2
A 3/4
B 3/4
actual
renewed
actual
renewed
External alternator
Deflection of V-belt
at a force of 50 N
actual
6,0
0,236
AL01
renewed
08487
Code
Description
Reading new
min
max
wear
limit
wear
limit
100%
50%
23
0,905
26,5
1,1043
Readings
External alternator
Al02
30
1,181
actual
renewed
d05739
Length
of coal brush
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
74-00-00
page 62
February 01/2015
B 1/2
Engine S/N:
B 3/4
Drehz./rev.
Spannungsanzeige ist
voltage actual
’
0,1 ÷ 0,8 ȍ
5) Form Sheets
Effectivity: 912 / 914 Series
Datum / Date:
Unterschrift Prüfer / Signature Tester:
13,2 ± 0,5 V
A 3/4
B 1/2
Note: measurements at ambient temperature between +20°C and +30°C
14,0 ± 0,3 V
Spannungsanzeige soll
voltage nomin.
4000 1/min
Geberwiderstand (bei offener
Steckverbindung)/Pick-up
resistance (with opne connector)
Geber alt/Pick up old 115-123 ȍ
Geber neu/Pickup new 230-250 ȍ
150W
A 1/2
Lampenbelastung
load / bulbs
in Serie (gelb-gelb) / in series (yel-yel)
gelb-Masse/ yellow-ground
gegen Masse /against ground
Prüflauf mit Fremdregler und 12V 36 Ah Batterie (geladen) /
test run with external regulator and 12V 36 Ah (loaded)
4000 1/min
Drehzahl / speed RPM
R.P.M
Generator coils (8 pieces)
Generatorspulen (8 Stk.)
Hinweis: Die Messung erfolgt bei einer Umgebungstemperatur von +20°C bis +30°C
B 3/4
4,4 ÷ 6,0 kȍ
Stator mit Ohmmeter geprüft / Stator tested with Ohmmeter:
Ladespulen (2 Stück) Zündung
Kreis A rot gegen
soll / nom.
Circuit A red Masse
Charging coils (2 pieces) Ignition
Kreis B rot against
3,2 ÷ 4,5 ȍ
Circuit B red ground
Kerzenstecker / Spark plug
connector
Bemerkungen / Remarks:
Bem. / Rem.
A 3/4
3T / 4T
3B / 4B
Anschlußbelegung gem. Schaltplan des letztgültigen Wartungshandbuches
wire connection checked according Maintenance Manual, current issue
A 1/2
1B / 2B
1B / 2B
Messwerte für die Zündanlage / Measurement values for the ignition unit
Nachstehende Messwerte können, nach Lösen der Steckverbindungen vor Ort kontrolliert werden / The following
measurement values can be checked at the appropriate point after detaching the plug connections
Komponente / Part
Widerstand/resistance
Anschlusskontakt/Connection
Zündspule primär / Primary ignition
gegen Masse/aigainst ground
0,1 ÷ 0,4 ȍ
coil
Zündspule sekundär / Secondary
ignition coil
Hochspannung/High voltage
6,1 ÷ 6,7 kȍ
Fig. 74-39
SMD-modul bottom S/N, p/n:
SMD-Modul unten.S/N,TNr:
SMD-modul, top S/N, p/n:
SMD-Modul oben.S/N,TNr:
Ignition variation at: (max. 1000
rpm)
Zündverstellung bei: (max. 1000
1/min
Zündspule "AUS" / Spark
"OFF"
3B / 4B
3T / 4T
Zündkreis / Ignition circuit
A 3/4
B 1/2
B 3/4
Abstellkontrolle: Kreis B Ignition
stop check: Circuit B
1T / 2T
1T / 2T
A 1/2
Zündspule "AUS" / Spark
"OFF"
912
914
Type
Bem. /
TSN
TSO
Prüfprotokoll für Zündanlage / Inspection protocol for ignition unit
Abstellkontrolle: Kreis A Ignition
stop check: Circuit A
Zündspule: Einschaltdrehzahl max.
220 1/min
Ignition coil: start r.p.m. max. 220
r.p.m.
p
new/old
new/
old
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
Visual check:
Geber-Zuordnung:
Pick-up coordination:
Type, S/N / engine type, S/N:
Zündanlage, S/N.:
Ignition unit, S/N:
Sichtkontrolle:
d05739
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
08247
74-00-00
page 63
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02624
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
74-00-00
page 64
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
SECTION 75
COOLING SYSTEM
1) Table of contents
SECTION 75
COOLING SYSTEM
d04354
1) Table of contents .................................................................................... 75-00-00 / 1
2) Systems description ................................................................................. 75-00-00 / 3
2.1) Cooling system .............................................................................. 75-00-00 / 3
2.2) Connections for instrumentation ................................................... 75-00-00 / 4
2.2.1) Cylinder head temperature display ................................... 75-00-00 / 4
3) Maintenance ........................................................................................... 75-00-00 / 5
3.1) Water pump removal and inspection ............................................ 75-00-00 / 6
3.2) Water pump housing - dismantling and inspection ........................ 75-00-00 / 7
3.3) Fly wheel hub removal ................................................................. 75-00-00 / 9
3.4) Ignition housing removal .............................................................. 75-00-00 / 9
3.5) Water pump shaft - removal ......................................................... 75-00-00 / 9
3.6) Rotary seal - removal .................................................................... 75-00-00 / 10
3.7) Rotary seal - installation ............................................................... 75-00-00 / 10
3.8) Axial position of the water pump shaft .......................................... 75-00-00 / 12
3.9) Ignition housing assembly ............................................................ 75-00-00 / 13
3.10) Water pump housing — reassembly ............................................. 75-00-00 / 13
3.11) Coolant hoses fitting .................................................................... 75-00-00 / 14
3.12) Spring band hose clamps .............................................................. 75-00-00 / 14
3.13) Radiator (optional 912/ 914 Series) .............................................. 75-00-00 / 14
3.14) Cooling air duct (optional 912/ 914 Series) ................................... 75-00-00 / 14
3.15) Expansion tank .............................................................................. 75-00-00 / 15
3.16) Overflow bottle .............................................................................. 75-00-00 / 15
3.17) Temperature measurement system .............................................. 75-00-00 / 15
3.17.1) Cylinder head temperature sensor ................................... 75-00-00 / 15
4) Wear limits .............................................................................................. 75-00-00 / 19
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
75-00-00
page 1
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02625
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
75-00-00
page 2
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2) Systems description
2.1)
Cooling system
See Fig. 75-1.
The cooling system of the ROTAX 912/914 Series is designed for liquid cooling
of the cylinder heads and ram-air cooling of the cylinders.
The cooling system of the cylinder heads is a closed circuit with an expansion
tank.
The coolant flow is forced by a water pump, driven from the camshaft, from the
radiator to the cylinder heads. From the top of the cylinder heads, the coolant
passes on to the expansion tank (1). Since the standard location of the radiator
(2) is below engine level, the expansion tank located on top of the engine allows
for coolant expansion.
◆ NOTE:
When installing the radiator above engine level, see the latest
respective Installation Manual.
The expansion tank is closed by a pressure cap (3) (with pressure relief valve
and return valve). As the temperature of the coolant rises, the pressure relief
valve opens and the coolant will flow via a hose at atmospheric pressure to the
transparent overflow bottle (4). When it cools down, the coolant will be sucked
back into the cooling circuit. The expansion tank (3) must always be full of
coolant, and the coolant level in overflow bottle (4) should be between the two
marks.
■ CAUTION : Too high pressure in the cooling system might cause damage.
The hose between the expansion tank and the overflow tank
must be free of blockages and the venting bore (5) must not be
closed.
On engines of the 914 Series, the coolant hoses (6) for cyl. 1 and 2 are routed
very close to the exhaust system and are therefore additionally protected by a
heat resistant protection hose.
d02625
For winter operation, always use a coolant mixture with a sufficiently low freezing
point (pour point). To ensure trouble-free engine start even at low temperatures,
observe the special directives in the Operators Manual.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
75-00-00
page 3
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3
1
5
4
6
2
Fig. 75-1
00125
2.2)
Connections for instrumentation
■ CAUTION:
2.2.1)
◆ NOTE:
Consult also the relevant sections on connections for instrumentation in the latest Installation Manual.
Cylinder head / coolant temperature display
There are temperature sensors screwed in to the cylinder heads of
cylinders 2 and 3. In the course of further development and
standardization, new cylinder heads with modifications in its mold have
been introduced. Due to these changes the coolant temperature instead
of the cylinder head temperature in the aluminium will be displayed.
See latest Installation Manual and/or SI-912-020/SI-914-022 “Running
modifications”.
Identifying of new cylinder heads: The electrical connection of the
temperature sensor is pointing upwards. New configuration see Fig.
75-1/1. Old configuration see Fig. 75-1/2.
Fig. 75-1/1
Fig. 75-1/2
Temperature sensor
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
09862_2
75-00-00
page 4
February 01/2015
d05740
Temperature
sensor
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3) Maintenance
The following sections describe maintenance procedure for engines of the 912/914
Series above and beyond the maintenance and special checks, see corresponding
Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or
914 Series, and the systems descriptions given hitherto. The description is subdivided
into subsections and descriptions of the function of the various systems.
◆ NOTE:
When installing the radiator above engine level, see the latest respective Installation Manual.
■ CAUTION : Check whether the overflow bottle has been modified in accordance
with SB-912-039 and SB-914-025, “Modifications of the overflow
bottle“ , latest issue.
◆ NOTE:
When filling or replenishing the cooling system, coolant is always
added via the expansion tank (3).
d02625
To drain the coolant, open the radiator cap and remove the lowest attachment screw
(with sealing ring) of the water pump, as this is the lowest point of the cooling system of
the engine assembly.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
75-00-00
page 5
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.1)
Water pump removal and inspection
See Fig. 75-2.
The water pump is integrated in the ignition housing. For repair work, fly wheel
hub (1) and the ignition housing (2) must be removed. On some engine
installations this requires removal or partial lifting of engine after loosening the
engine suspension.
To remove the hex. screw (3) M16x1.,5 from the fly wheel hub, the crankshaft
must be locked. See the corresponding Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or 914 Series.
Fig. 75-2
3
1
2
d02625
00344
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
75-00-00
page 6
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.2)
Water pump housing - dismantling and inspection
See Fig. 75-3
Remove the 2 allen screws M6x20 (1) of the water inlet elbow (2) and remove
the elbow with the O-ring.
◆ NOTE:
Mark the position of the water inlet elbow with a suitable pen
(touchup pen).
Release all 4 screw hose clamps or spring band hose clamps of the water
drainage hoses and pull them off water pump housing. The water pump housing
(4) with gasket (5) can be taken off by removing 5 more allen screws M6 (3).
■ CAUTION:
The allen screw (6) protrudes into the water compartment and
is therefore of stainless steel and sealed with the sealing ring (7).
Check inside for traces of possible contact with impeller (8). The necessary
clearance can be achieved by axial spacing of the water pump shaft. The washer
(9) fitted behind the impeller is of stainless steel.
Remove the impeller (8) with special tool, part no 877295, with crankshaft
locked, turning counter-clockwise.
Check the coolant fitting (10) screwed into the water pump housing for leakage,
cracks and tight fit, replace if necessary. Mark the position of the bent socket.
Warm up water pump housing to approx. 80 °C (180 °F) and remove the socket.
Clean threads (11) carefully of LOCTITE residue, apply LOCTITE 243 to the new
coolant fitting and fit it into position with at least 5 turns.
d02625
Normally, fittings with a bend angle of 45° are fitted. On the 914 engine and
engines with ROTAX engine suspension frame, there is a fitting with a bend
angle of 80° fitted at cylinder 2.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
75-00-00
page 7
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 75-3
Cyl. 3
243
8
5
9
Cyl. 4
Cyl. 1
4
243
3
1
2
Cyl. 2
7
11
00377
3
6
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Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
75-00-00
page 8
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.3)
Fly wheel hub removal
See 72-00-00 sec. 3.1.
3.4)
Ignition housing removal
See 72-00-00 sec. 3.3.
3.5)
Water pump shaft - removal
See Figs. 75-4 and 75-5.
It is an advantage to loosen the impeller when dismantling the engine (with
crankshaft locked). Otherwise, lock water pump drive gear (1) with a suitable
tool. Unscrew impeller using socket part no. 877295 to avoid damage to the
impeller blades. Place ignition cover on a suitable flat surface and press water
pump shaft out with a suitable punch (2). Pull out the drive gear (1).
Inspect water pump shaft (3) for wear. Pay attention to possible corrosion at the
thread end (4). If engine is run without coolant, formation of corrosion is possible
in this position.
If corroded, replace the water pump shaft.
◆ NOTE:
The shaft has a conical end (5).
Fig. 75-4
2
1
Fig. 75-5
3
4
5
00384
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75-00-00
page 9
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.6)
Rotary seal - removal
See Fig. 75-6.
Remove old shaft seal and rotary seal using 2 pins (1) of 5 mm (0.2 in.) diameter
and a suitable punch (2). Shaft seal and rotary seal will be destroyed during
removal and must be replaced.
3.7)
Rotary seal - installation
See Figs. 75-7, 75-8, 75-9 and 75-10.
Press new shaft seal (1) 12x30x7, pre-oiled sealing lip showing inwards, into
ignition housing using insertion jig (2), part no. 876510.
Carefully press rotary seal (3) on punch (4), part no 877258, and press the water
pump shaft (5) carefully into the positive stop of the punch, conical end first.
Insert the pump gear (6) into the ignition housing with the wide collar pointing
towards the crankcase sealing surface, see Fig. 75-10. Turn punch (4) around
and push the water pump shaft (5) with the press fitted rotary seal (3) into the
ignition housing. As you do so, position the drive gear so that it is flush with the
pump shaft.
Now place the ignition housing on a flat surface and, using a hand press, press
the water pump shaft in to the stop with max. 20 kN with punch (4), part no.
877258. Then turn ignition housing and press water pump shaft back using a 10
mm (3/16 inch) bolt until the collar of the water pump shaft is flush with the
sealing surface of the water pump housing. Turn water pump shaft to check for
clearance and free movement.
◆ NOTE:
The spring of the rotary seal presses the water pump shaft
outwards towards the sealing surface (11), depending on the
axial clearance (14), see Fig. 75-10.
d02625
See also SI-912-001 and SI-914-001, “Installation of rotary water pump seal and
water pump impeller“, latest issue.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
75-00-00
page 10
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 75-6
Fig. 75-7
2
1
2
1
00386
00387
Fig. 75-9
Fig. 75-8
4
5
3
3
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4
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Effectivity 912/914 Series
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08451
75-00-00
page 11
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.8)
Axial position of the water pump shaft
See Fig. 75-10
Check axial position of water pump shaft and pump gear. The step (6) of the gear
points inward towards the crankcase.
◆ NOTE:
To ensure the correct gap (8) (dimension WP02) between the
impeller (9) and the water pump housing (10), make sure that
the collar (7) of the water pump shaft is flush with the sealing
surface (11) of the ignition cover (12).
If necessary, turn the ignition cover around and lay it on a planed hardened sheet
with an 8 mm (0.32 in.) bore. Press the water pump shaft back as required with
a ø10 mm (0.40 in.) bolt. Trial spin the installed pump shaft.
Place stainless steel shim (13) on the shaft, fit impeller (9), turning clockwise,
and tighten with special tool, part no. 877295. Tightening torque 15 Nm (133
in.lb).
◆ NOTE:
Check impeller (9) for out-of-round. If it is noticeably out-ofround, replace impeller or if necessary also the pump shaft.
See 75-00-00 sec. 4.
Fig. 75-10
WP01
12
11
WP02
8
6
7
14
9
10
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.9)
Ignition housing assembly
See 72-00-00 sec. 3.5.
3.10) Water pump housing — reassembly
See Fig. 75-11.
Position gasket (1), attach water pump housing (2) to the ignition housing with
2 allen screws (3) M6x90 and 3 allen screws (4) M6x35 together with lock
washers, torque to 10 Nm (90 in.lb).
■ CAUTION : The bottom allen screw (5) M6x35 protrudes into the water
chamber, so it is of stainless steel and fitted with a sealing ring
(6).
Carry out a visual inspection to see whether the impeller scuffs in the pump
housing. This can be recognized by scuffing traces in the pump housing or on
the impeller. If necessary, the axial position of the water pump impeller can be
corrected to achieve an optimum gap, see 75-00-00 sec. 3.8.
Insert O-ring (7) into water pump housing, fit the water inlet elbow (8) in the
position marked before disassembly with 2 allen screws (9) M6x20 with lock
washers. Tightening torque 10 Nm (90 in.lb).
◆ NOTE:
The water inlet elbow is symmetrical and can, if required, be
fitted in other positions.
1
Fig. 75-11
4
7
3
8
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00392
9
6
2
3
5
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page 13
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.11) Coolant hoses fitting
See Fig. 75-13
■ CAUTION:
The spring band hose clamps must be installed in the drawn
origin position. (See sketch)
08341
Fit all coolant hoses (1) coming from the expansion tank to the coolant exit on the
cylinder heads (3) with spring band hose clamps (4). Also fit the coolant hoses
between the water pump (6) and the coolant entry (7) into the cylinder heads with
spring band hose clamps.
◆ NOTE:
Position spring band hose clamps so that they cannot damage
neighboring coolant hoses.
Use tool part no. 877840 (spring clamp pliers) or equivalent to
mount the spring type hose clips.
On old engine designs the spring type of hose clips are not
installed.
■ CAUTION:
It is necessary to look out for a proper overlapping of the coolant
hose and of the connecting tube.
Check the clips and hoses for tight fit and leaks. The spring type
hose clips have to be mounted in such a way, so that chafing can
not occur. If a governor is used then for the water tube at cylinder
1 a protection hose (8) has to be installed and secured with
LOCTITE 480 or an equivalent adhesive.
3.12) Spring band hose clamps
Carry out visual inspection. Position the clamps so as to avoid contact and
friction with neighboring parts.
d04779
Use a suitable tool for assembly. See 00-00-00 sec. 10.6.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
75-00-00
page 14
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.13) Radiator (optional 912/ 914 Series)
Clean radiator elements and check for damage, straighten fins if necessary. In
particular, check the hose connections and the support plates. Check for
tightness if leaks are suspected.
3.14) Cooling air duct (optional 912/ 914 Series)
The cylinders are ram-air cooled. The cooling air is pushed during flight and by
the propeller into the engine compartment and is distributed evenly by the
cooling air duct to the individual cylinders. Carry out visual inspection for
damage, cracks, chafing marks, burnt spots etc. In the event of noticeable
damage, replace the cooling air duct.
3.15) Expansion tank
See Fig. 75-12
See latest valid Maintenance Manual “Line Maintenance“ of the corresponding
engine type. On newer engines the expansion tank is in a different position. See
therefore the latest issue of the Service Information “Running modification” SI912-020 and SI-914-022 respectively.
◆ NOTE:
On engines with the old expansion tank, the old hose locations
and the old coolant hoses don’t have to be upgraded and can be
continued to be used.
200± 10 mm
51
-x
27
°a
°n
eu
lt (
old
)
(ne
w)
60
90
°±
°±
3°
3°
al
t
ne
u
(o
ld
)
(n
ew
)
427 ± 10 mm
+y
d04779
-y
P
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
Fig. 75-12
04557
252± 5 mm
+x
75-00-00
page 15
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 75-13
3
4
1
8
3
1
1
2
3
4
4
1
3
7
7
7
7
6
4
5
5
d04779
04555
: LOCTITE 480
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
75-00-00
page 16
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
In the case of repair/overhaul it has to be considered that the old
expansion tank part no. 922398 does not offer the space to
install the spring hose type clamps this is due to limited space
between the tube (cylinder 1 and cylinder 3).
Due to different positions for the supply/drain hoses leading to
and from the expansion tank, it is necessary to have different
hose lengths. Take care of the proper length of the hose and of
its overlapping length with the connectors.
3.16) Overflow bottle
See latest Maintenance Manual “Line Maintenance” for the respective engine
type.
■ CAUTION:
Check whether the overflow bottle has been modified in accordance with SB-912-039 and SB-914-025, “Modifications of the
overflow bottle”, latest issue.
3.17) Temperature measurement system
◆ NOTE:
There are several temperature control points on ROTAX engines of the 912/914 Series. Refer to wiring diagram in Operators Manual.
3.17.1) Cylinder head / coolant temperature sensor
See Figs. 75-14, 75-14/1 and 75-15.
In the course of further development, the cylinder heads are made from
new casting mold. At these, the temperature sensor is screwed on the
top side. See latest SI-912-020/SI-914-022, “Running modifications“.
Bild 75-14
Temperature sensor „with
Suffix -01“
9862_2
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Temperature sensor
„without Suffix -01“
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
Bild 75-14/1
75-00-00
page 17
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
On assembly, tighten the temperature sensor to 7 Nm (62 in. lb). Secure
screws with LOCTITE 243.
Fig. 75-15
(Ω)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
20
40
60
00327
◆ NOTE:
80
100 120 140 160
(°C)
Grounding connection of the temp. sensor directly via
the cylinder head.
For sensor resistance, see following graph of sensor resistance
overtemperature.
max ± 10%
◆ NOTE:
The different versions of the cylinder heads can be
mixed installed, but make sure, if and at which position
the cylinder head temperature and coolant temperature
is measured. This also defines the naming of the
indicating instrument with the appropriate temperature
limit. See latest Installation Manual and/or SI-912-020/
SI-914-022 “Running modifications”.
d05740
deviation:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
75-00-00
page 18
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
4) Wear limits
WP01
07509
WP02
Code
07511
Description
Reading new
wear
limit
wear
limit
100%
50%
min
max
8,55
0,3366
8,85
0,3484
8,85
0,3484
0,3
0,012
0,5
0,020
0,7
0,028
07202
Readings
Water pump
d02625
reference dim.
impeller clearance
WP01
WP02
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
actual
renewed
0,6
0,024
actual
renewed
75-00-00
page 19
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
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NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
75-00-00
page 20
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
SECTION 76
ENGINE CONTROL
1) Table of contents
SECTION 76
ENGINE CONTROL
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1) Table of contents .................................................................................... 76-00-00 / 1
2) Systems description ................................................................................. 76-00-00 / 3
2.1) Turbocharger control (only on 914 Series) .................................... 76-00-00 / 3
2.1.1) Control of boost pressure in the airbox ............................. 76-00-00 / 3
2.1.2) Target pressure reduction................................................ 76-00-00 / 8
2.1.2.1) Target pressure reduction at overspeeding ................ 76-00-00 / 8
2.1.2.2) Target pressure reduction at excessive airbox
temperature ................................................................ 76-00-00 / 9
2.1.2.3) Target pressure reduction by limiting the compressor
pressure ratio .............................................................. 76-00-00 / 10
2.1.3) Lamp output connections on the TCU .............................. 76-00-00 / 11
2.1.4) Three-way solenoid valve ................................................. 76-00-00 / 12
2.1.5) PC interface ...................................................................... 76-00-00 / 12
3) Maintenance ........................................................................................... 76-00-00 / 13
3.1) Control system of the turbocharger (only on 914 Series) ............... 76-00-00 / 13
3.1.1) Checking the turbocharger control unit (TCU) by means
of a communication program ............................................ 76-00-00 / 13
3.1.1.1) Functions of the communication program .................. 76-00-00 / 13
3.1.1.2) Required items ........................................................... 76-00-00 / 13
3.1.1.3) Scope of the communication program ........................ 76-00-00 / 15
3.1.1.4) Application of the communication program ................ 76-00-00 / 17
3.1.1.5) Checking the components of the turbocharger control76-00-00 / 28
3.1.1.6) Checking the throttle valve position ............................ 76-00-00 / 29
3.1.1.7) Recalibration of the throttle position ........................... 76-00-00 / 31
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Maintenance Manual
32
32
34
35
37
42
44
50
52
53
58
58
59
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3.1.2) Static check of the turbocharger control .......................... 76-00-00 /
3.1.2.1) Turbo control unit (TCU) ............................................. 76-00-00 /
3.1.2.2) Caution lamps ............................................................. 76-00-00 /
3.1.2.3) Wiring harness ............................................................ 76-00-00 /
3.1.2.4) Throttle potentiometer ................................................ 76-00-00 /
3.1.2.5) Resistance thermometer (Intake air
temperature sensor) ................................................... 76-00-00 /
3.1.2.6) Pressure sensors ........................................................ 76-00-00 /
3.1.2.7) Servo motor ................................................................ 76-00-00 /
3.1.2.8) Circuit breaker for servo motor ................................... 76-00-00 /
3.1.2.9) Three-way solenoid valve ............................................ 76-00-00 /
3.2) Wiring diagrams ............................................................................ 76-00-00 /
3.2.1 Engine external (on the 914 Series) ................................. 76-00-00 /
4) Form Sheets ............................................................................................ 76-00-00 /
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
76-00-00
page 2
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2) Systems description
2.1)
Turbocharger control (only on 914 Series)
2.1.1)
Control of boost pressure in the airbox
See Figs. 76-1, 76-2, 76-3, 76, -4 and 76-5.
The position of the carburetor throttle valves is signalled by a potentiometer to the TCU, where it is transformed in a chosen pattern into
target pressure in the airbox.
◆ NOTE:
The positions of the throttle valve are divided into a
linear progression from 0 to 115 %.
After comparison of the actual airbox pressure with the target pressure,
the position of the wastegate will be varied by a servo motor until the
pressures are equal.
◆ NOTE:
With carb throttle valve closed, a high boost pressure
is specified although hardly any exhaust gas energy is
available. The wastegate will then be completely closed
and the length of the Bowden cable between the servo
motor and the wastegate can be verified or adjusted.
Fig. 76-1
100%
0%
115%
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page 3
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
The electronic regulator (4) TCU (Turbo Control Unit) is the “central
processing unit” as the junction of all engine parameter inputs. For
functioning of the TCU, the following sensors e.g. trigger coils are
required.
-
Airbox pressure sensor (5)
provides the actual boost pressure in the airbox
-
Ambient pressure sensor (6)
conveys the prevailing ambient pressure
-
Throttle valve position sensor (7)
supplies actual position of carburetor throttle valve.
◆ NOTE:
The target boost pressure is determined from the
inputs of the sensors (5) - (7).
-
Position of the wastegate
supplied indirectly from position of servo motor
-
Rev counter signal (8)
transmits the actual engine speed via the 5th sensors on the ignition
housing
-
Airbox temperature sensor (9)
conveys the prevailing intake air temperature in the airbox
All the sensors are connected with the TCU via a common wiring
harness (10). In addition to the voltage supply (11) for the TCU, the
following connections are provided on the wiring harness:
- plug connections (12), each for one warning and one boost lamp
-
plug connection (13) for the three-way solenoid valve
-
2 wires for an additional electronic rev counter (14)
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- PC interface (15) for reading the TCU data via computer.
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 4
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
The following diagram shows the pressure regulating sequence for the
newer TCU versions (TCU No. 966741 or higher) (Fig. 76-2).
00170
Fig. 76-2
46 in. HG
hPa
1500
44
42
1400
40
1300
38
36
1200
34
1100
32
30
1000
28
900
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110 115 %
The airbox target pressures for engine operation with newer TCU
versions:
00952
Fig. 76-3
engine performance
throttle potentiometer
Airbox-nominal pressure
idle
continuous output
take-off performance
~0%
100 - 108 %
110 - 115 %
1500 hPa (44,3 in. HG)
1220 hPa (36,0 in. HG)
1370 hPa (40,5 in.HG)
The following diagram (Fig. 76-4) illustrates the relationship between
the throttle valve position and the nominal airbox pressure for older
TCU versions (TCU part no. 966470 - 966473).
Fig. 76-4
04813
hPa
1400
40 in. HG
1300
38
36
1200
34
1100
32
30
1000
28
900
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110 115 %
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Effectivity 914 Series
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page 5
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
■ CAUTION:
Prolonged engine operation is not allowed between
max. continuous performance (100 %) and take-off
performance (115 %). The target pressure rises rapidly
between these throttle positions (108 to 110 %) and
attempts should not be made to remain in this phase
but instead to move speedily through this range in both
directions to prevent control fluctuations.
This range must be passed swiftly in both directions to
avoid problems such as pressure fluctuations.
In the course of model refinement, some parameters
have been changed slightly. Diagram and table show
the presently valid state of software.
d02626
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 6
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
11
Fig. 76-5
12
8
13
14
9
15
7
7
6
10
5
3
4
00139
1
1
2
2
(1) Turbocharger
(9) Resistance thermometer, Airbox temp.
(2) wastegate
(10) Wiring harness
(3) Servo motor
(11) Voltage supply
(4) TCU
(12) Lamps
(5) Ambient pressure sensor
(13) Three-way solenoid valve
(6) Airbox pressure sensor
(14) external rev counter (to tach)
(7) Throttle potentiometer
(15) Rs232 interface
d02626
(8) to the rev pickup
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 7
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2.1.2)
Target pressure reduction
Provision for target pressure reduction is made depending on various
effects as a protective measure against overstressing the engine.
2.1.2.1) Target pressure reduction at overspeeding
See Fig. 76-6
It is the responsibility of the pilot to prevent engine speeds in
excess of 5800 rpm, and during fast flight and descent when
using a fixed pitch propeller, the pilot must therefore reduce
the engine performance.
Only if the pilot fails to do this will the TCU lower the target
pressure when engine speed exceeds 5900 rpm and open the
wastegate, thus reducing boost pressure. See relevant diagram.
■ CAUTION:
The automatic opening of the wastegate by
the TCU is an emergency measure in the
event of a pilot error, but does not release the
pilot from responsibility to reduce the engine
performance.
900
800
Druckreduktion [hPa]
(pressure reduction)
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
Fig. 76-6
0
00177
-100
5000
5900
6000
6100
6200
6300
6400
6500
Motordrehzahl [1/min]
(engine speed)
e.g. at take-off performance (throttle valve position 115 %)
-
target pressure 1370 hPa (without limitation)
- at an engine speed of 6100 rpm - target pressure reduction by approx. 265 hPa (according to diagram).
d02626
- current target pressure 1105 hPa - corresponds to 70 kW
power instead of 84.5 kW.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 8
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2.1.2.2) Target pressure reduction at excessive airbox temperature
See Figs. 76-7 and 76-8.
Druckreduktion [hPa]
(pressure reduction)
During the compression process in the turbocharger, the
intake air is heated. To reduce the risk of detonation at high
boost pressure with high intake air temperature, lowering of
the target pressure starts at 88 °C (190 °F) airbox temperature, see diagram (Fig. 76-7).
220
200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
-20
Fig. 76-7
00178
50
54
58
62
66
70
74
78
82
86
90
94
98
Airbox Temperatur [°C]
(airbox temperature)
Target pressure reduction will result in a drop in maximum
performance e.g. the power drop can reach up to 10 kW at
80 °C (176 °F) airbox temperature.
◆ NOTE:
On TCU part no. 966470 to 966473, the airbox
target pressure reduction starts at 72 °C
(162 °F). See Fig. 76-8.
Druckreduktion [hPa]
(pressure reduction)
180
Fig. 76-8
160
140
00902
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
-20
72
74
76
78
80
82
Airbox Temperatur [°C]
(airbox temperature)
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70
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Maintenance Manual
2.1.2.3) Target pressure reduction by limiting the compressor
pressure ratio
To prevent vibration resonance, the max. turbo charger speed
of approx. 165 000 rpm must not be exceeded. Since the turbo
charger speed can be deduced exactly enough from the
pressure ratio, this ratio is limited to max. 2.6.
Example: e.g. at density altitude of 5500 m
ambient pressure approx. 500 hPa
max. permitted airbox pressure (regarding deactivation)
500 x 2.6 = 1300 hPa
i.e. no reduction of the target pressure, since this boost
pressure cannot be reached at all at this altitude.
Explanation:
The critical flying altitude for max. continuous power is reached
at 4500 m. Because of the low density at this altitude, the
actual boost pressure is only approx. 1140 hPa, although the
wastegate is completely closed.
Deactivation would not start until airbox pressure of 1300 hPa
is reached.
Deactivation happens very rarely and only
under certain climatic conditions and at certain
altitudes.
d02626
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 10
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2.1.3)
Lamp output connections on the TCU
The TCU is furnished with output connections for an external „red“
boost lamp and an „orange“ caution lamp.
When the TCU is switched on, the two lamps are automatically
subjected to a function test. Both lamps light up for 1 to 2 seconds and
then go out.
Orange caution lamp:
All sensor inputs are monitored by the TCU via this caution lamp.
When the lamp goes out, this indicates that the TCU is ready for
operation. A lamp which flashes continuously indicates a malfunction
of the TCU or its periphery.
In the event of a malfunction, for instance if a circuit is interrupted, the
TCU switches over to pre-programmed default values to ensure engine
operation.
■ CAUTION : While the default values are effective, monitoring of the
respective channel e.g. overspeeding, is not possible.
The monitoring function is inactive.
Red boost lamp:
-
Exceeding the admissible boost pressure will activate the red boost
lamp, and it will light up continuously until boost pressure falls below
the threshold.
Threshold......................... 1550 hPa (actual boost pressure)
-
The TCU registers the time of full engine operation with boost
pressure. Full throttle operation for longer than 5 minutes will cause
the red warning lamp to flash.
■ CAUTION : The red boost lamp helps the pilot to avoid full power
operation with too high boost pressure for longer than
5 minutes as otherwise the engine would be thermally
overstressed.
◆ NOTE:
The time observation starts at actual boost pressure of
1250 hPa. After 5 minutes the warning is issued via the
boost lamp.
d02626
The warning is deactivated again as soon as the boost
pressure falls below 1250 hPa. If the pressure limit is
exceeded again, for example after 30 seconds, the
boost lamp lights up again.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 11
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2.1.4)
Three-way solenoid valve 3
The TCU also controls the 3-way solenoid valve, which causes various
pressures to become active on the float chamber of the carburetors.
For further information, see 73-00-00 sec. 2.8.
◆ NOTE:
2.1.5)
The solenoid valve is inactive below the threshold.
PC interface
The TCU incorporates a serial interface. By using a specially developed
program, all input and exit signals of the TCU can by monitored,
checked and if necessary recorded.
This program allows quick and efficient error diagnostics without having
to dismantle the complete control unit.
This program can monitor and record the operation of many elements,
including the 2 pressure sensors, temperature sensors, rev pickup,
throttle valve and wastegate position.
◆ NOTE:
This system works “real time” i.e. if necessary also
during engine operation.
It allows the engineering staff to check and record TCU data during
flight.
These recordings can then be evaluated on a graph and facilitate
troubleshooting.
In addition, these recordings can be used as documentation for engine
repair and overhaul.
This communication program is not included in the
delivery range of the engine, but is readily available as
a spare part from the respective dealer.
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◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 12
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3) Maintenance
The following sections describe maintenance procedure for engines of the 912/914
Series above and beyond the maintenance and special checks, see corresponding
Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or
914 Series, and the systems descriptions given hitherto. The description is subdivided
into subsections and descriptions of the function of the various systems.
3.1)
Control system of the turbocharger (only on 914 Series)
3.1.1)
Checking the turbocharger control unit (TCU) by means of a
communication program
3.1.1.1) Functions of the communication program
For trouble-free engine operation, the pilot must be able to
locate the exact throttle position for the max. continuous
performance.
- function test of all sensors
- checking the throttle potentiometer (throttle position, throttle
valve position)
on-line data recording of the turbocharger control
- quick fault analysis
This program allows prompt analysis of defects and irregularities in the TCU components.
3.1.1.2) Required items
See Fig. 76-9.
- PC with processor 80 286 or higher, with
main frame memory min. 640 KB RAM
graphic adapter EGA, CGA or VGA
serial interface COM 1 or COM 2
operating system MS-DOS 5.0 or higher
disk drive 3.5 inch
We recommend a laptop or notebook computer, since these units can also be used
directly on the engine or aircraft.
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◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 13
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
- Communication program:
Software between TCU and computer
tlr V4.3a for TCU part no. 966470 and 966471
tlr V4.5a for TCU part no. 966472 and 966473
tlr V4.6a for TCU part no. 966741
- Decoding unit (Dongle) with data cable to connect with
computer
◆ NOTE:
◆ NOTE:
The Dongle is only required for the TCU part
no. 966470 to 966473. On the TCU part no.
966741, the computer must be connected
directly to the RS 232 plug connection, the 9pin port of the wiring harness.
All the required components, except the computer, are
available in the form of a monitoring set (1) or as a
floppy disk (2).
Fig. 76-9
Communicationprogram
Communicationprogram
tlr V4.3a
tlr V4.6a
00427
00210
00210
2
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1
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 14
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.1.1.3) Scope of the communication program
a) Software
- The software is the property of BRP-Rotax. Duplication is
only permissible for the purpose of copying onto the hard
disk or for the creation of backup copies or for filing.
b) Necessary connections
See Figs. 76-10 and 76-11.
- On the TCU part no. 966470 to 966473, the decoding unit
(Dongle) must be connected to the RS 232 plug connection,
the 9-pin port of the wiring harness.
On the TCU part no. 966741 connect the computer direct on
the RS 232 the 9-pin port of the wiring harness.
- Connect the data cable of the decoding unit (Dongle),
respectively the wiring harness, with the COM1 interface of
computer (COM1 or COM2).
◆ NOTE:
The computer is normally provided with two
serial interfaces (1) and (2).
Normally a serial interface (usually a 9-pin port) is used for
connection of a mouse.
Since there is no need for a mouse to control the communication program, the Dongle can be connected with the interface
for the mouse, best known as COM 1.
◆ NOTE:
On the TCU part no. 966741, there is no
decoding unit and the connection is direct.
Fig. 76-10
1
00197
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2
00198
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 15
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 76-11
Dekodereinheit
(Dongle)
zum PC
(to PC)
zur TCU
(to TCU)
zur Dekodiereinheit
(to Dongle)
PC
Laptop
Kommunikationsprogramm
(communicationprogram)
TCU
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00209
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 16
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
c) Procedure for installation of the communication program on the PC
- Check which TCU part no. and thus which program version
is applicable.
TCU part no.
966470
966471
966472
966473
966741
Program version
TLR43A.exe
TLR45A.exe
TLR45A.exe
TLR45A.exe
TLR46A.exe
08220
Insert the floppy disk into the disk drive and copy the
corresponding communication program onto the hard disk.
◆ NOTE:
Copy the communication program into a directory with a corresponding name.
3.1.1.4) Application of the communication program
a) Start of the program:
- Establish connections PC - dongle (for TCU part no.
966470)
or directly with
the RS232 plug connection (for TCU part no. 966741) TCU
- switch on TCU
▲ WARNING: Ensure engine ignition “OFF” and secured
against unintentional “ON”.
switch on PC (if not active already)
- start the program by double-clicking on the program symbol.
◆ NOTE:
The first time the program is started, it will ask
for the graphic adapter and the interface.
d02626
Normally, “V“ is entered for VGA and “1“ for COM1. After
entering these parameters, the configuration file TLR.cfg will
be created and stored in the communication program.
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 17
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
◆ NOTE:
If the wrong interface is entered, this file can
be deleted and the program start repeated.
b) Starting the subprograms:
See Fig. 76-12
The subprograms are listed in the bottom line and are started
by keying in first letter of the program name, e.g. “M” for
MONITOR (monitor program)
◆ NOTE:
The key “ESC” will always return you to the
main menu.
Fig. 76-12
program information line
main menu
00443
sub programs
◆ NOTE:
Fig. 76 -12 shows the program version TLR
V4.3A.
c) Description of the sub programs
- On-line-display:
See Figs. 76-13, 76-14, 76-15, 76-16, 76-17 and 76-18.
◆ NOTE:
If when starting the on-line sub programs
(MONITOR, 1_SCOPE and 2_SCOPE) the
failure message
“/ERROR: Serial I/O Continue with any key...”
appears in the last line (1), a connection
between TCU and computer has been interrupted. Checking of all plug connections between TCU and computer is necessary. In
addition, verify voltage supply to TCU.
Rectify any detected interruption between TCU
and computer and switch TCU voltage supply
“OFF” and “ON”.
1
00191
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 18
May 01/2007
d02626
Fig. 76-13
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
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NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 19
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 76-14
2
5
3
10
9
TCU part no. 966741
6
11
15
19
18
03066
17
2
3
4
5
23
22
6
21
10
8
7
9
11
20
12
13
13
14
TCU part no. 966470
up to 966473
19
17
16
15
00444
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18
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Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 20
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Legend to monitor display
(2)
Rev counter display
(3)
Throttle valve position
(4)
Pressure difference between (8) and (9)
(5)
LOG status ON/OFF
(6)
Target pressure on basis of throttle valve position
(7)
Target pressure on basis of pressure ratio between (9) and (10)
(8)
effective target pressure input
(possibly reduced, e.g. by overspeeding, airbox temperature or too high pressure
ratio)
(9)
Airbox pressure
(10) Ambient pressure
(11) Servo position
(12) not activated
(13) Target pressure reduction by exceeding of the max. airbox temperature
(14) Target pressure reduction by exceeding max. engine speed
(15) Airbox temperature
(16) Knocking signal (not activated)
(17) LOG actuation ON/OFF
(18) Software status
(19) Program identification
(20) Servo output %
(21) D factor
(22) I factor
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(23) P factor
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 21
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
◆ NOTE:
Because of the multitude of displays, parameters important for the user are printed in bold
type and underlined.
MONITOR:
Serves for the on-line display of operational
engine data such as airbox pressure, ambient
pressure, servo position, airbox temperature
etc.
LOG:
Is a submenu (18) of the MONITOR program
and facilitates recording of current operational
data on the hard disk of the connected PC.
Logging is activated and stopped by pressing
the key L. The logging status is indicated by
“ON” for on-line recording and “OFF” respectively for non-recording (see Fig. 76-14, item
(5)).
A so-called Log file will be loaded onto the hard
disk stating date and starting time of the
recording.
Example:
Fig. 76-15
11061014.LOG
Minute (minute)
Stunde (hour)
Tag (day)
Monat (month)
◆ NOTE:
00193
Verify this date and starting time when booting
the PC.
d02626
If more than 4000 data lines are recorded, the
current LOG file will be closed automatically
and a new one opened.
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 22
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Subsequent to recording, the data can be stored on a diskette
or printed for evaluation.
The created LOG-files are text files which can be used for
further data editing in text and table calculation programs.
d02626
Fig. 76-16, for instance, shows usage of data on an EXCEL
spreadsheet.
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 23
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
pressure
difference
(mbar)
-123
-123
-123
-122
-122
-122
-123
-123
-122
-122
-122
-123
-123
-123
-123
-122
-123
-123
-123
-122
-122
-122
-123
-123
-122
-122
-123
-123
-123
-122
-123
-123
-122
-122
-122
-123
-123
-123
-122
nominal
pressure
(mbar)
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
actual
pressure
(mbar)
977
977
977
978
978
977
977
977
978
978
978
977
977
977
978
978
977
977
977
978
978
978
977
977
978
978
977
977
977
978
977
977
978
978
978
977
977
978
978
ambient
pressure
(mbar)
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
978
3
4
6
9
10
time PC
(hh:mm:ss)
speed
(1/min)
load throttle (0115%)
16:53:01
16:53:01
16:53:02
16:53:02
16:53:02
16:53:02
16:53:02
16:53:03
16:53:03
16:53:03
16:53:03
16:53:03
16:53:03
16:53:04
16:53:04
16:53:04
16:53:04
16:53:04
16:53:05
16:53:05
16:53:05
16:53:05
16:53:05
16:53:05
16:53:06
16:53:06
16:53:06
16:53:06
16:53:06
16:53:06
16:53:07
16:53:07
16:53:07
16:53:07
16:53:08
16:53:08
16:53:08
16:53:08
16:53:08
2388
2384
2386
2369
2387
2388
2387
2377
2375
2376
2385
2375
2369
2386
2391
2386
2394
2371
2373
2368
2396
2384
2384
2386
2387
2384
2391
2380
2391
2373
2376
2392
2372
2371
2365
2368
2369
2362
2382
2
00475
servo position (0
knocking
- 100 zu)
airbox (°C)
P-factor
I-factor
D-factor
output servo
(+/-100)
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
500
495
495
528
526
526
521
522
516
518
521
517
516
497
497
530
524
523
521
520
517
516
510
511
527
504
523
518
517
513
512
533
524
502
501
520
520
503
502
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
27,6
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
80
80
80
80
80
100
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11
16
15
23
22
21
20
For above numbering see also monitor display.
Fig. 76-16
Fig. 76-16 shows an EXCEL spreadsheet of program
version TLR V4.3A.
1_SCOPE:
For on-line display of the control action with
regard to pressure deviation (airbox pressure
to target pressure) in the range of ±100 hPa
(mPa).
The program is for graphic evaluation of the
parameters (8) and (9) in the monitor program.
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 24
May 01/2007
d02626
◆ NOTE:
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
00194
Fig. 76-17
2_SCOPE:
For on-line display of the control action between target pressure and effective airbox
pressure in the range of 1000 to 1400 hPa
(mbar).
d02626
The program is for graphic evaluation of the
parameters (8) and (9) in the monitor program.
Fig. 76-18
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
00195
76-00-00
page 25
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
- Data
display
See Figs. 76-19, 76-20, 76-21, 76, -22 and 76-23.
HISTORY_BUFFER: A subprogram for reading, displaying
and printing of the data stored in the TCU.
Fig. 76-21 shows that 8 control parameters
are displayed. The recording takes place at 6
minute intervals, whereby the highest value of
each period will be stored.
00199
Fig. 76-19
READ_DATA: Reads data such as serial number, time of
operation and the latest transmitted engine
data from the storage in the TCU. When 100
% is reached, the reading is complete.
◆ NOTE:
If this command is carried out during creation
of a LOG file, the failure message “SERIAL
ACCESS DENIED” will appear. In this case,
repeat the reading procedure.
00200
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
d02626
Fig. 76-20
76-00-00
page 26
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
VIEW_DATA: Shows the file data deduced from READ_DATA
on the screen. The keys “page up” and “page
down” enable paging on the screen.
Fig. 76-21
00201
PRINT_DATA: Option to print data deduced from
READ_DATA.
00205
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Fig. 76-22
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 27
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
◆ NOTE:
Figs. 76-21 and 76-22 show program version
TLR V4.3A.
◆ NOTE:
The printer must be connected with the PC via
the parallel interface (1).
Fig. 76-23
00196
1
d) End of program
- Stop communication program with “Q” for QUIT
- Turn off the TCU
- Disconnect (store dongle properly)
- Switch off PC
3.1.1.5) Checking the components of the turbocharger control
The communication program allows quick detection of shortcomings of the components via the sub program „MONITOR“.
A corresponding trouble shooting chart is available on request from authorized distributors
and service centers. See latest Operators
Manual for the respective engine type or the
official Homepage www.rotax-aircraftengines.com.
d02626
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 28
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.1.1.6) Checking the throttle valve position
See Figs. 76-24 and 76-25.
- Start-up of the subprogram MONITOR.
At the top in the center (1) is the position display for the throttle
valve (carburetor 2/4)
Fig. 76-25
1
1
1
00445
Program version TLR V4.3A
0%
Program version TLR V4.6A
03066
throttle valve completely closed
115 %
throttle valve completely open
- Visually check whether both throttle valves can be fully
opened and closed. If necessary, correct the installation/
setting.
- Check the display with throttle valve completely closed:
nominal: 0°
max. deviation +3%
- Check the display with throttle valve completely open:
nominal: 115 %
■ CAUTION:
d02626
Fig. 76-25
max. deviation -2%
Check whether indication is linear over the
complete range from 0% to 115% i.e. the
115% position is not indicated before throttle
valve is fully open.
00214
00215
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 29
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
- Check the display at max. continuous performance.
■ CAUTION:
Throttle lever must be in positive stop position.
nominal: 100 % max. deviation +3%.
▲ WARNING: This check of position is only meaningful and
permissible if idle- and full throttle-position are
within the permissible tolerances.
If the throttle position for idle and full throttle are not within the
permissible tolerances or if not proceeding linearly, then a new
calibration of the throttle position is absolutely necessary.
Recalibration to be carried out only by an authorized ROTAXDealer or Service Center if the TCU is of part no. 966470 to
966473 .
d02626
If TCU part no. 966741 or higher is used, proceed with
calibration as described in the following section.
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 30
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.1.1.7) Recalibration of the throttle position
See Figs. 76-26, 76-27 and 76-28.
- Start up of the sub program THROTTLE.
- Check whether the throttle valve (carburetor 2/4) can be
fully opened and closed. Verify that the Bowden cables
allow the complete travel from stop to stop.
- Follow the instructions on the display, i.e.:
- Close the throttle valve completely (carb 2/4) and confirm
with ENTER.
Fig. 76-26
03072
- Fully open the throttle valve (carb 2/4) and confirm with
ENTER.
Fig. 76-27
03073
- Calibration data will be transferred automatically and the
calibration takes place.
Fig. 76-28
03071
d02626
- Verification of the throttle position as per section 76-00-00
/ 3.1.1.6 .
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 31
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.1.2)
Static check of the turbocharger control
The easiest way to check function of turbocharger control components
is by the communication program. If this program is not at your
disposal, the following static checks can be carried out.
◆ NOTE:
Visual inspection of all components.
3.1.2.1) Turbo control unit (TCU)
See Fig. 76-29
Location of installation may vary depending on aircraft model
and is limited by the length of the wiring harness.
- Inspection for physical damage.
- Inspection of the 4 rubber buffers (1) for damage, which is
detrimental for vibration damping.
- Inspection of the 36-pin plug receptacle (2).
▲ WARNING: The TCU must never be opened.
■ CAUTION:
Replace TCU without delay in the event of
physical damage or incorrect operation.
Fig. 76-29
2
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
00092
76-00-00
page 32
May 01/2007
d02626
1
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Further shortcomings can only be detected in correlation with
the respective component of the turbo control unit.
■ CAUTION:
The following checks are necessary if the TCU
is to be replaced.
- Inspection of the throttle valve position using the communication program. See 76-00-00 sec. 3.1.
■ CAUTION:
If this aid is not at your disposal, a trial run of
the engine is required. Engine operation is
only allowed for transfer to the nearest
maintenance facility, where this check has
to be conducted afterwards.
- Test run engine. See the corresponding Maintenance
Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type,
912 Series or 914 Series.
- When switching on the TCU, observe self test of the servo
motor, see 76-00-00 sec. 3.1.2.7 and the caution lamps,
see 76-00-00 sec. 3.1.2.2.
d02626
▲ WARNING: If an inspection reveals irregularities, then the
engine must not be taken in operation until the
cause is found and rectified.
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 33
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.1.2.2) Caution lamps
See Fig. 76-30
The TCU is furnished with output terminals for an external red
boost lamp (WARNING LAMP) and an orange caution lamp.
Location of the lamps depends on type of aircraft and is limited
by the length of the wiring harness. Standard location is on the
instrument panel in the cockpit.
When switching on the voltage supply of the TCU, the function
of the two lamps is automatically tested. Both lamps light up
for 1 to 2 seconds and then go out. If this does not happen,
check the following:
-
Inspection for physical damage.
-
Check connections of wiring harness
-
Check lamps for correct functioning
◆ NOTE:
The two caution lamps are not included in the
delivery range of the engine.
■ CAUTION:
In the event of physical damage or incorrect
operation, replace part without delay.
■ CAUTION:
The negative poles (10, 11) must not be
attached directly to the battery potential. A
potentialfree 2-pin lamp socket must be used,
as the lamps are triggered via the negative
pole.
Fig. 76-30
øV
+12V
øV
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
d02626
00211
+12V
CAUTION LAMP
76-00-00
page 34
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.1.2.3) Wiring harness
See Fig. 76-31
The sensors are connected with the TCU via the wiring
harness.
▲ WARNING: If an inspection reveals irregularities, then the
engine must not be taken in operation until the
cause is found and rectified.
The easiest way to check function of turbo control components
is by the communication program. If this program is not at your
disposal, the following static checks can be carried out.
- For verification and troubleshooting, check all connections
for passage and physical damage. See Fig. 76-31.
- Verify that all plug connections fit tightly.
■ CAUTION:
In the event of physical damage or incorrect
operation, replace part without delay. Repair
on your own authority is not permitted.
◆ NOTE:
Fig. 76-31 contains a lot of information. Besides the wiring designations, plug allocation,
cable length, the polarity of the voltage supply
to the single components are also stated.
■ CAUTION:
Due to a modification a three-way solenoid
valve was introduced. If the engine is equipped
with an old 3-way solenoid valve then, if the
wiring harness needs to be replaced, the 3way solenoid valve also has to be changed.
See 76-00-00 sec. 3.1.2.9.
If the wiring harness is replaced, the throttle valve position
must be recalibrated (see 76-00-00 sec. 3.1.1.7) and the
turbocharger control checked in accordance with 76-00-00
sec. 4
d04355
If this aid is not at your disposal, an engine test run has to be
performed. See corresponding Maintenance Manual (Line
Maintenance) for the respective engine type 914 Series.
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
76-00-00
page 35
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d04355
Fig. 76-31
08472
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
76-00-00
page 36
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.1.2.4) Throttle potentiometer
See Figs. 76-32, 76-33, 76-34, 76-35, 76-36, 76-37, 76-38 and
76-39.
The throttle potentiometer (1) is installed on constant depression carburetor 2/4.
The turning range when installed is from 0% - 115%.
◆ NOTE:
The throttle potentiometer is fitted on older
and newer versions. See Figs. 76-34, 76-36
and 76-37.
See Figs. 76-37, 76-00 and 2-00.
1
closed
100%
0%
115%
open
Fig. 76-32
Fig. 76-33
00056
For the following measurements, unplug connection with
wiring harness but reconnect immediately after completion of
the check and verify tight fit and engagement of catch.
If the throttle potentiometer was removed from the carburetor
for checking, then verification of the throttle valve position via
the communication program will be necessary. See 76-00-00
sec. 3.1.
d02626
If this aid is not at your disposal, an engine test run has to be
performed. See the corresponding Maintenance Manual (Line
Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or
914 Series. Engine operation is only permissible for transfer to the nearest maintenance facility, where this check has
to be performed afterwards.
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 37
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
When reassembling the original throttle potentiometer, it is not
necessary to dismantle the adapter flange (2). This would
increase the installation tolerance unnecessarily.
When replacing the throttle potentiometer, pay attention to the
version used and if necessary, also remove the adapter
flange.
◆ NOTE:
When assembling the adapter flange, ensure
that it is the appropriate model for the respective throttle potentiometer and that it is installed in the correct position (with the cut off
edge upwards). See Fig. 76-34
Fig. 76-35
Fig. 76-34
sloping edge
5
6
7
(5) = minus
(6) = loop closed
5 6
7
(7) = positive
4
2
1
3
07717
When installing the throttle potentiometer, check the version,
see Figs. 76-36 and 76-37 and ensure that it engages with free
movement in the flat surface of the throttle valve shaft. Secure
the allen screws M4x7 (3) and the combined screws M4x22 (4)
with LOCTITE 221. In addition, witness paint marking must be
applied to the screws.
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 38
May 01/2007
d02626
00052
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
adapter flange
older model version part no. 861930
newer model version part no. 861931
cut off edge
2
Fig. 76-36
05378
potentiometer
older model version part no. 966480
newer model version part no. 966481
Fig. 76-37
1
05379
distinguishing feature
◆ NOTE:
Small installation tolerances can be compensated by turning the throttle potentiometer.
For tolerances, see 76-00-00 sec. 3.1.1.6,
otherwise, recalibration is necessary.
- Inspection for physical damage.
- Measurement of the nominal resistance:
Measure resistance between connections (5) and (7).
Nominal resistance: 3.2 to 4.8 k
- Measurement of resistance across turning range of fitted
throttle.
d04233
To check the function of the throttle potentiometer over the
operating range, take the following readings:
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 1
76-00-00
page 39
January 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Resistance between the connections (6) and (7):
Throttle valve closed
(throttle lever pos. 0%):
3.4 to 4.6 kΩ
Throttle valve open
(throttle lever pos. 115%):
0.8 to 2.0 kΩ
◆ NOTE:
Check complete operating range as shown in
the following diagram (Fig. 76-38) for linear
resistance progress.
resistance (kΩ)
Fig. 76-38
00221
5
4,5
4
3,5
3
2,5
2
1,5
1
0,5
0
throttle position
closed
d02626
open
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 40
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Resistance between the connections (5) and (6):
Throttle valve open
(throttle lever pos. 115%):
2.4 to 3.2 kΩ
Throttle valve closed
(throttle lever pos. 0%):
100 to 300 Ω
◆ NOTE:
Check complete operating range as shown in
the following diagram (Fig. 76-39) for linear
resistance progress.
■ CAUTION:
In the event of physical damage or resistance
readings outside allowance, replace the part
without delay.
Fig. 76-39
00222
resistance (kΩ)
3,5
3
2,5
2
1,5
1
0,5
0
throttle position
open
d02626
closed
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 41
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.1.2.5) Resistance thermometer (Intake air temperature sensor)
See Figs. 76-40, 76-41 and 76-42.
The sensors (1) for measuring intake air temperature is screwed
into the airbox.
■ CAUTION:
In the event of physical damage or resistance
readings outside allowance, replace part without delay.
- Inspection for physical damage.
- Measurement of the resistance:
Detach plug connection with wiring harness but re-establish
immediately after completion of the check and verify tight fit
and engagement of catch.
Measure resistance between the two terminals (2) and
compare with relevant resistance/temperature chart below.
Allowance for resistance:
max ±1%
When assembling the resistance thermometer, secure with
LOCTITE 243 and tighten to 15 Nm (135 in.lb).
On engines equipped with the older TCU
version, part no. 966470 to 966473, resistance thermometer part no. 966430 must be
used. See SB-914-013, “Turbocharger control unit (TCU) with software level according to
RTCA DO 178 B“, latest issue.
d05741
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
76-00-00
page 42
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 76-40
Fig. 76-41
1
1
1
00056
00055
resistance
Widerstand (Ω)
2
130
Fig. 76-42
120
00223
110
100
90
80
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
50
Temperatur [°C]
temperature
d02626
-30
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 43
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.1.2.6) Pressure sensors
See Fig. 76-43.
To prevent mixup of the two pressure sensor inputs, the plug
connections are in different colors. In addition, the airbox
pressure sensor cable set of the wiring harness is labeled.
Gray plug connection (1) - ambient pressure sensor
Black plug connection (2) - airbox pressure sensor
If a pressure sensor must be replaced, it is necessary to check
the current values via communication program (Monitoring).
See 76-00-00 sec. 3.1.
If this aid is not at your disposal, an engine test run has to be
performed. See corresponding Maintenance Manual (Line
Maintenance) for the respective engine type 914 Series.
d02626
▲ WARNING: If an inspection reveals irregularities, then the
engine must not be taken in operation until the
cause is found and rectified.
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 44
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
static pressure sensors
1
2
e
ur
ss
re
p
x
bo
air
Fig. 76-43
d02626
00057
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 45
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
a) Airbox pressure sensor:
See Figs. 76-44 and 76-45.
On engines with an airbox of older configuration, the installation location of the airbox pressure sensor (2) depends on the
aircraft type and is limited by the length of the wiring harness.
On engines with an airbox of newer configuration, the airbox
pressure sensor (2) is integrated in the airbox. See SI-914-013
and SI-914-015, “Introduction of a new airbox“, latest issue.
■ CAUTION:
The sensor is designed for a pressure range of
500 hPa to 2500 hPa and max. pressure must
not exceed 3500 hPa.
If the max. pressure is exceeded during the course of measuring, the sensor must be replaced.
When taking the following readings, the plug connection to the
wiring harness must be disconnected and reestablished immediately after completion of the checks. The same applies for
the air pressure hose.
The easiest way to check the function of the two pressure
sensors is to use the communication program. If this program
is not at your disposal, the following static checks can be
carried out.
-
Inspect for physical damage.
-
Static check for function of airbox pressure sensor:
Fig. 76-44
2
966502
airbox
pressure
Allocation of connections for
test set-up / legend to Fig. 76-44
5 4 3
(3) Measuring voltage output Ua
(5) Voltage supply Us
min. + 3 V, max. + 15 V
00058
6
(6) Pressure connection
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 46
May 01/2007
d02626
(4) Ground (øV)
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Test set-up
Connect pin (4) to ground and connect pin (5) to positive side
of voltage supply Us. Apply test pressure to sensor (input 6)
Take reading of output voltage between pin (4) and pin (3).
Divide the measured output voltage (Ua) by the supply voltage
(Us).
◆ NOTE:
Calculation of this pressure ratio is required
since the diagram is effective over a whole
voltage range and not just for a single voltage.
Enter this value in the table Ua/Us. A pressure can be read off
at the intersection of the straight lines.
Max. deviation ± 40 hPa
■ CAUTION:
In the event of physical damage or resistance
readings outside allowance, replace the part
without delay.
Fig. 76-45
Ua/Us
0,9
0,8
0,7
0,6
0,5
0,4
0,3
0,2
0,1
d02626
00442
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
2500
2375
2250
2125
2000
1875
1750
1625
1500
1375
1250
1125
1000
875
750
625
500
0,0
Druck [hPa] absolut
pressure absolute
76-00-00
page 47
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
b) Static pressure sensor:
See Figs. 76-46 and 76-47.
The location of the ambient pressure sensor (1) depends on
the aircraft type, but is limited by the length of the wiring
harness.
■ CAUTION:
The sensor is designed for a pressure range of
100 hPa to 1200 hPa and the max. pressure
must not exceed 3500 hPa.
If the max. pressure is exceeded during the course of measuring, the sensor must be replaced.
When taking the following readings the plug connection to the
wiring harness has to be disconnected and reestablished
immediately after completion of checks. The same applies for
the air pressure hose.
The easiest way to check function of the two pressure sensors
is by use of the communication program. If this program is not
at your disposal, the following static checks can be carried out.
-
Inspection for physical damage.
-
Static check for function of airbox pressure sensor:
Fig. 76-46
1
966507
ambient
pressure
4 3 2
Allocation of connections
for test set-up / legend to Fig. 76-46
(2) Measuring voltage output Ua
(3) Ground (øV)
00058
6
d02626
(4) Voltage supply Us
min. + 3 V, max. + 15 V
(6) Pressure connection
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 48
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Test set-up
Connect pin (4) to ground and connect pin (5) to positive side
of voltage supply Us. Apply test pressure to sensor (input 6)
Take reading of output voltage between pin (4) and pin (3).
Divide the measured out put voltage (Ua) by the supply
voltage (Us).
◆ NOTE:
Calculation of this pressure ratio is required
since the diagram is effective over a whole
voltage range and not just for a single voltage.
Enter this value in the table Ua/Us. A pressure can be read off
at the intersection of the straight lines.
Max. allowance ± 60 hPa
■ CAUTION:
In the event of physical damage or resistance
readings outside allowance, replace the part
without delay.
Fig. 76-47
Ua/Us
0,9
0,8
0,7
0,6
0,5
0,4
0,3
0,2
0,1
d02626
00441
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
1200
1100
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0,0
Druck [hPa] absolu
pressure absolute
76-00-00
page 49
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.1.2.7) Servo motor
See Fig. 76-48
The installation location of the servo motor (1) depends on the
aircraft type but is limited by the length of the wiring harness
and bowden cable length to wastegate.
- After switching on the TCU, ensure that the automatic self
check of the servo motor is performed. During this auto test
the complete operating range is traversed and afterwards
the engine remains in position corresponding to throttle
lever position.
- Inspection for physical damage.
When taking the following readings, the plug connection with
the wiring harness must be disconnected and reestablished
immediately after completion of the check.
■ CAUTION:
In the event of physical damage or resistance
readings outside allowance, replace the part
without delay.
- Measurement of the nominal resistance:
Measure resistance between connections (2) and (4).
Nominal resistance:
4.4 to 5.5 kΩ
- Measuring the resistance with wastegate closed:
Check the following values with the throttle in 0% position:
Resistance between the terminals (2) and (3):
Resistance value:
0 to 70 Ω
Resistance between the terminals (4) and (3):
Resistance value:
4.6 to 5.4 k
- Checking between terminals (5) and (6) for power supply:
Resistance value:
When replacing the servo motor, verification
of the relevant values using of the communication program (monitoring) is required. See
76-00-00 sec. 3.1.
d02626
■ CAUTION:
5.0 to 20.0 Ω
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 50
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
If this aid is not at your disposal, an engine test run must be
performed. See corresponding Maintenance Manual (Line
Maintenance) for the respective engine type 914 Series.
▲ WARNING: If a check reveals shortcomings, the engine
must not be taken into operation until the
cause is found and rectified.
Fig. 76-48
1
3
00059
2
4
2
3
4 5
6
d02626
M
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
76-00-00
page 51
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.1.2.8) Circuit breaker for servo motor
See Fig. 76-49.
The location of the circuit breaker (1) depends on the aircraft
type, but is limited by the length of the wiring harness.
■ CAUTION:
The circuit breaker is not included in the
delivery range of the engine. Check circuit
breaker according to the aircraft manufacturers instructions.
- Operational test of circuit breaker:
1) - circuit breaker closed
- switch on TCU
The servo motor self test is performed.
2) - circuit breaker open
- switch on TCU
No self test of servo motor is performed.
With the circuit breaker open, the servo motor must not start
turning. The orange caution lamp starts flashing.
■ CAUTION:
If the required boost pressure cannot be
reached or if the circuit breaker does not act
correctly, locate the cause. Until the cause
has been found and rectified, engine operation is only permitted for ground testing.
■ CAUTION:
In the event of physical damage or incorrect
operation, replace the part without delay.
Fig. 76-49
M
1
TCU
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
d02626
14 2
00217
76-00-00
page 52
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.1.2.9) Three-way solenoid valve
See Fig. 76-50
The 3-way solenoid valve (1) is installed on the engine
suspension frame or directly on airbox on newer engines.
Due to a modification a new 3-way solenoid valve has been
introduced. See SI-914-022, „Running Modifications“, latest
issue.
Accessories and attachment of the 3-way solenoid valve could
differ because of the possible variants of the airbox.
08494
If the 3-way solenoid valve is fastened to the engine suspension frame, then not all parts of the retro-fitting kit are needed.
In addition the following parts are needed:
Variant 1:
for airbox part no. 667167
◆ NOTE:
all parts for variant 1 are included in retrofit kit
part no. 881040
parts requirement - retrofit kit part no. 881040
Fig
New
Qty/
Description
Old
Application
No..
p/n
engine
1
874313
1
3-way solenoid valve 874310
airbox
2
666010
1
adapter cable
-
wiring harness
3
951040
2
bracket
-
3-way solenoid valve
4
840391
2
allen screw M6x14
-
bracket
5
842040
2
lock nut M6
-
bracket
6
866710
4
tie wraps
-
3-way solenoid valve
d04355
part no.
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
76-00-00
page 53
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Disassembly and assembly - Variant 1
Remove connection wiring harness (11) of 3-way solenoid
valve (1).
Cut off tie wraps (6).
Loosen 3x clamps (12) from 3-way solenoid valve and remove
lines.
Remove 3-way solenoid valve.
Connect adapter cable (2) to wiring harness.
Install bracket (3) onto airbox.
Tighten 3-way solenoid valve with allen screw (4) and lock nut
(5). Tightening torque 8 Nm (70 in. lb).
■ CAUTION:
Route all pressure connections such that there
will be no sharp bends or chafing.
Push lines onto fittings as far as they will go and secure with
clamps (12).
Position lines and adapter cable (2) and secure with clamps (6).
Variant 1
12
11
12
6
1
07234
Fig. 76-50
12
3
4
2
12
5
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
d04355
07233
76-00-00
page 54
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Variant 2
for airbox part no. 867753
(attachment of the 3-way solenoid valve on the engine
suspension frame)
parts requirement:
Fig
New
Qty/
Description
Old
No. part no. engine
Application
part no.
-
881040*
1
retrofit kit
-
airbox
7
n.a**
1
bracket
-
3-way solenoid valve
8
241841
2
allen screw M5x12
-
bracket
9
927571
2
washer 5,3
-
bracket
10
842030
2
lock nut M5
-
bracket
* following parts of the retrofit kit are not necessary for Variant 2:
2x bracket (3), 2x allen screw M6x14 (4), 2x lock nut M6 (5)
** not yet available.
Disassembly and assembly - Variant 2
Remove connection wiring harness (11) of 3-way solenoid
valve (1).
Cut off tie wraps (6).
Loosen 3x clamps (12) from 3-way solenoid valve and remove
lines.
Loosen clamps (13) from engine suspension frame (14) and
remove 3-way solenoid valve.
Connect adapter cable (2) to wiring harness.
Tighten the new 3-way solenoid valve with allen screw (8),
washer (9) and lock nut (10) onto bracket (7). Tightening
torque 8 Nm (70 in. lb).
Install 3-way solenoid valve with clamp (13) onto engine
suspension frame.
Route all pressure connections such that there
will be no sharp bends or chafing.
d04355
■ CAUTION:
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
76-00-00
page 55
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fit the push lines onto the 3-way solenoid valve and secure
with clamp (6).
Position push lines and adapter cable (2) and secure with clamps
(6).
■ CAUTION:
Always obey the additional instruction.
Variant 2
12
1
07231
12
Fig. 76-51
13
14
6
12
8
2
7
12
07232
9
10
d04355
13
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
76-00-00
page 56
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
■ CAUTION:
In the event of physical damage, mechanical
defects or readings outside tolerance, replace
the part without delay.
- Inspection for physical damage
- check for pneumatic passage
Disconnect the pressure connection lines. See 73-00-00
sec. 2.7.
- check the mixture enrichment (dynamic)
To do so, fit a T-fitting into line between solenoid valve and
float chamber to facilitate the measuring by pressure gauge
of the pressure at airbox pressure exceeding 1250 hPa.
The T-fitting may remain in place, but for standard operation it must be securely closed.
- Measure the resistance between the two terminals (2):
Disconnect plug connection with wiring harness but
reestablish immediately after completion of check
and verify tight fit and engagement of catch.
- resistance at 20 °C (68 °F):
28.3 to 31.1 Ω
(older model version)
- resistance at 20 °C (68 °F):
22 to 25 Ω
(newer model version)
Fig. 76-52
08489
d04355
7
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
76-00-00
page 57
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.2)
Wiring diagrams
Engine external (on the 914 Series)
See Installation Manual for the respective engine type 914 Series,
latest issue.
d04355
3.2.1
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
76-00-00
page 58
July 01/2008
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
4) Form Sheets
06787
d05741
Fig. 76-53
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
76-00-00
page 59
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d04355
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
76-00-00
page 60
July 01/2008
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
SECTION 78
EXHAUST SYSTEM AND TURBOCHARGER
1) Table of contents
SECTION 78
EXHAUST SYSTEM AND TURBOCHARGER
d04781
1) Table of contents .................................................................................... 78-00-00 / 1
2.) System description ................................................................................. 78-00-00 / 3
2.1) Exhaust system (on the 912 Series) ............................................. 78-00-00 / 3
2.2) Exhaust system (on the 914 Series) ............................................. 78-00-00 / 3
2.3) Turbocharger (only on the 914 Series) .......................................... 78-00-00 / 3
2.3.1) Exhaust turbocharger ....................................................... 78-00-00 / 4
2.4) Connections for instrumentation ................................................... 78-00-00 / 5
2.4.1) Exhaust gas temperature display (optional) ..................... 78-00-00 / 5
3) Maintenance ........................................................................................... 78-00-00 / 7
3.1) Disassembly of the complete exhaust system
(on the 912 Series) ....................................................................... 78-00-00 / 7
3.2) Disassembly of the complete exhaust system incl. turbocharger
and engine suspension frame (on the 914 Series) ....................... 78-00-00 / 7
3.3) Inspection of the exhaust system and turbocharger components
(only on the 914 Series) ................................................................ 78-00-00 / 11
3.3.1) Exhaust bend and exhaust manifold ................................. 78-00-00 / 11
3.3.2) Muffler: ............................................................................. 78-00-00 / 11
3.3.3 Turbocharger .................................................................... 78-00-00 / 12
3.4) Assembly of the complete exhaust system (on the 912 Series) ... 78-00-00 / 16
3.5) Assembly of the complete exhaust system incl. turbocharger
(on the 914 Series) ....................................................................... 78-00-00 / 16
3.6) Bowden cable, rope sheave and spring for wastegate control
(on the 914 Series) ....................................................................... 78-00-00 / 20
3.6.1) Disassembly ..................................................................... 78-00-00 / 20
3.6.2) Checking of the components ............................................ 78-00-00 / 21
3.6.3) Assembly and adjustment ................................................ 78-00-00 / 21
4) Wear limits .............................................................................................. 78-00-00 / 23
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
78-00-00
page 1
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
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NOTES
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Edition 1 / Rev. 0
78-00-00
page 2
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
2.) Systems description
2.1)
Exhaust system (on the 912 Series)
On ROTAX engines of the 912 Series, the exhaust system assy. is not included
in the ROTAX scope of delivery, but it is available optionally. The engine is
supplied only with the 4 exhaust sockets on the cylinder head.
The exhaust system must be configured or manufactured by the aircraft or
fuselage manufacturer.
For disassembly, inspection and assembly of the exhaust system, observe the
aircraft manufacturers instructions.
The exhaust muffler especially designed for the ROTAX engines 912 S / ULS
can be used also on the ROTAX engines 912 UL / A / F. Engine performance and
specific fuel consumption remain unchanged or are slightly better when using
this muffler.
The muffler is 0.3 kg lighter than the muffler which is usable only for the 912 A/
F/UL Series.
By optimizing the design of the muffler the noise emission may seem subjectively
higher compared with muffler for 912 A/F/UL Series. The exact measuring of the
actual noise emission can be conducted only when the muffler is installed in the
aircraft.
2.2)
Exhaust system (on the 914 Series)
The exhaust system on ROTAX engines of the 914 Series collects all gases
which accumulate in the combustion chamber of the cylinders and routes them
via exhaust bends and exhaust manifold to the exhaust turbocharger. There, the
combustion gases drive the exhaust gas turbine to achieve a power increase.
See 78-00-00 sec. 2.3. From the exhaust turbocharger, the combustion gases
are routed to the muffler, which is fitted for noise reduction.
The exhaust system is made of stainless steel. The exhaust bend is connected
to the exhaust manifold by means of slide sleeves to ensure that expansion due
to heat can be compensated for.
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The exhaust bends are sealed to the cylinder head by the ridge on the exhaust
bends. The muffler is supported via the exhaust bracket on the engine
suspension frame.
Owing to continuous further development, the exhaust bends were slightly reworked. The couplings were optimized for their position.
Position of the EGT connections to the exhaust bends for cylinders 3 and 4 were
routed such that installation of the new drip trays is possible.
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Edition 1 / Rev. 4
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Maintenance Manual
◆ NOTE:
2.3)
If replacement of any single old part number is necessary, you
must replace it with the same old part number. If the old part
number is not available, the entire assembly including all 4 pipes
and manifold must be replaced with new part numbers. New style
pipes and manifold are not interchangeable with old style.
Turbocharger (only on the 914 Series)
ROTAX engines of the 914 Series are equipped with an exhaust turbocharger
which makes use of the energy in the exhaust gas for precompression of the
intake air.
The boost pressure in the airbox is controlled by means of an electronically
controlled flap (wastegate) on the exhaust gas turbine.
The wastegate is actuated by an electric servo motor via a bowden cable.
2.3.1)
Exhaust turbocharger
See Fig. 78-1
The exhaust turbocharger is basically an arrangement of two turbo
machines, a turbine and a blower, on a common shaft.
The turbine transforms the energy of the hot exhaust gases and drives
a blower which aspirates ambient air and transfers it precompressed via
the carburetors into the cylinders.
The sole operational connection between engine and turbo is the air and
exhaust stream. The speed of the turbo depends mainly on the pressure
ratio at the turbine impeller but not directly on engine speed.
Fig. 78-1
3
2
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◆ NOTE:
Fig. 78 -1 shows a schematic arrangement of a boost
pressure control with the wastegate in the exhaust
stream
(1) engine
(2) exhaust turbocharger
(3) boost pressure regulating valve (wastegate)
Because of the large speed range of the engine and the varying power
requirement, control of the exhaust turbocharger is necessary to
achieve the respective nominal pressure in the airbox.
The waste gate directs part of the engine exhaust gases so that they
bypass the turbine and flow directly into the exhaust (by-pass).
◆ NOTE:
2.4)
With the wastegate completely open, the engine performance can reach up to approx. 70 kW since not all
of the exhaust gases bypass the turbine.
Connections for instrumentation
■ CAUTION:
2.4.1)
Consult also the relevant sections on connections for
instrumentation in the latest Installation Manual.
Exhaust gas temperature display (optional)
The exhaust gas temperature is monitored by means of 4 sensors on
the exhaust manifold. The temperature display device is connected via
NiCrNi control lines.
On 912 Series: The manufacturer of the exhaust system must attach
or provide the connections M8x1 for installation of the
metalsheathed thermocouples, part no. 966370, in the
exhaust bends.
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On 914 Series: The connection thread M8x1 for attachment of the
metalsheathed thermocouples, part no. 966370, are
already provided in the exhaust bends.
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78-00-00
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Maintenance Manual
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NOTES
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Edition 1 / Rev. 0
78-00-00
page 6
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3) Maintenance
The following sections describe maintenance procedure for engines of the 912/914
Series above and beyond the maintenance and special checks, see corresponding
Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or
914 Series, and the systems descriptions given hitherto. The description is subdivided
into subsections and descriptions of the function of the various systems.
3.1)
Disassembly of the complete exhaust system (on the 912 Series)
▲ WARNING: For disassembly, observe the aircraft manufacturers instructions.
3.2)
Disassembly of the complete exhaust system incl. turbocharger and
engine suspension frame (on the 914 Series)
See Figs. 78-2 and 78-3.
■ CAUTION:
Work must be carried out on a cold engine!
Danger of burns!
Exhaust manifold / exhaust system assembly:
Unhook the Bowden cable for the wastegate control, see 78-00-00 sec. 3.6.1.
Remove lock nuts M8 (1) on exhaust bend flanges.
◆ NOTE:
If one of the studs M8x23/20 (2) should also become loose, refit
and tighten to 8 Nm (71 in.lb). The longer threaded end (23 mm)
(0.9 in.) to be screwed into cylinder head.
Withdraw exhaust bends (3) by pulling and swiveling them slightly.
Detach turbo pressure (4) and suction oil lines (5) from the oil pump. See Fig.
78-2. For further details on “Turbocharger oil circuit”, see 79-00-00.
Slacken tension clamp (6) but do not detach or remove it from the exhaust
bracket (7).
Remove the allen screw M10x50 (8) (attachment of the turbocharger bracket)
together with the lock washer and washer and allen screw M6x50 (25) with the
compensating shim.
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Also detach connection (9) turbocharger bracket - engine suspension frame (not
supplied with the engine).
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Maintenance Manual
Support the complete unit of exhaust - turbocharger - manifold, remove the
tension clamp and take off the complete unit. Remove the distance sleeve (10)
10.5/17/15 from the engine suspension frame attachment.
◆ NOTE:
If necessary, remove the Bowden cable (11) for wastegate
control. See 78-00-00 sec. 3.6. This is normally not necessary.
Muffler:
◆ NOTE:
There is no need to disassemble the complete unit of muffler turbocharger - exhaust manifold for the removal of the muffler
bracket.
To disassemble the muffler (12), remove the hex. screw (13) M8x16 with the
washer.
After removing the 5 nuts (16) with the washer and support plate (15), the muffler
can be taken off.
Turbocharger bracket:
The suction oil line (5) must also be attached to the turbocharger bracket (16)
by means of a cable clamp (18), allen screw (18) M5x12 and lock nut (19).
Remove these items first.
The turbocharger bracket is attached on the turbine housing by 3 hex. screws
(20) M8x16.
Unscrew these 3 screws as far as possible.
◆ NOTE:
These screws cannot be removed completely straight away as
they touch the bearing housing. For complete removal, it is
necessary to slacken the fourth attachment screw slightly.
■ CAUTION:
To prevent any damage to the turbine impeller, fit the attachment
screws (20) again. This will ensure that the turbine housing will not
separate from the impeller.
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Ensure that the two retaining ring halves are in position.
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Maintenance Manual
Exhaust manifold:
◆ NOTE:
There is no need to disassemble the complete unit of muffler turbocharger - exhaust manifold for the removal of the muffler
bracket.
The exhaust manifold (22) is directly attached to the turbine housing by means
of allen screws (23) M8x25 and nuts (24) and to the holder (26) by means of allen
screw M8x50 (25).
Exhaust bracket:
◆ NOTE:
There is no need to disassemble the complete unit of exhaust
- turbocharger - exhaust manifold for the removal of the muffler
bracket.
Remove allen screw (27) M10x50 along with the lock washer and washer.
Also, detach connection (28) of exhaust bracket with engine suspension frame
(not supplied with the engine).
Remove distance sleeve (29) 10.5/17/15 from the arm of the engine suspension
frame.
Fig. 78-2
4
5
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Maintenance Manual
1
2
C
Fig. 78-3
Zyl.
Cyl.
1
C
3
C .... LOCTITE 648
E .... LOCTITE ANTI SEIZE 15378
E
E
Zyl.
Cyl.
2
2
1
3
E
21
E
Zyl.
Cyl.
24
E
25
8
22
3
26
23
E
18
10
Zyl.
Cyl.
29
4
3
5
20
17
19
E
4
9
3
16
27
28
XXX
34
32
7
E
6
5
14
12
XXX
15
14
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3.3)
Inspection of the exhaust system and turbocharger components
(only on the 914 Series)
See Fig. 78-3
Visual inspection of all components.
■ CAUTION:
3.3.1)
Because of the high thermal stress, inspect the complete
exhaust system especially for crack formation.
Exhaust bend and exhaust manifold
Visual inspection of all components.
The wear on the walls of the slide seats on the exhaust bend and the
exhaust manifold must not exceed approx. 0.3 mm (0.01 in.). See
Fig. 78-7
■ CAUTION:
On older engine versions, observe SB-914-017.
On newer versions, the EGT connections have been displaced
so that the new drip trays can be assembled (screwed to the
airbox).
■ CAUTION:
The flanges of the exhaust bends (3) must not touch
the cylinder heads.
On engines of older design, it is not possible to replace individual parts.
If it becomes necessary to replace one exhaust bend or exhaust
manifold, all 4 exhaust bends including exhaust manifolds must be
replaced. See SI-914-022, “Running modifications”, latest issue.
Muffler:
■ CAUTION:
When inspecting the muffler, also observe SB-914006, “Employment of a muffler of reduced noise emission“, latest issue. SB-914-015, “Checking or replacement of the exhaust muffler of reduced noise emission“, latest issue. SB-914-017, “Checking or replacement of exhaust bend“, latest issue and SB-914-028,
“Inspection of exhaust muffler“, latest issue.
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3.3.2)
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Edition 1 / Rev. 4
78-00-00
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.3.3)
Turbocharger
See Fig. 78-4 up to Fig. 78-14
Visual inspection of the turbocharger.
◆ NOTE:
The turbocharger is handled as a complete unit, i.e. no
spare parts are available from BRP-Rotax. In the event
of damage, the complete unit has to be replaced.
a) Check plan surface of the tubine opening
See Fig. 78-4
Use a straight edge to test for distortion. A distortion of max. 0.1 mm
(0.004 inch)is allowed. If the max allowed distortion is exceeded then
it is possible to rework the surface up to 0.5 mm (0.02 inch). The amount
of the rework has to be recorded in the appendix.
TC03
Fig. 78-4
08463
1
2
b) Check threaded hole for damage
See Fig. 78-4
■ CAUTION:
It is not allowed to repair any of the threads (2) inside of
the turbine housing with thread inserts.
Apply slightly a radial pressure onto the shaft to minimize the gap
between the compressor casing and the compressor wheel. The gap
must never be less than 0.1 mm (0.004 inch). Check the complete
circumference of 360°.
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c) Check rotor turbine for clearance
See Fig. 78-5
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 78-5
Fig. 78-6
08467
08468
d) Check compressor wheel for clearance
See Fig. 78-6
Apply slightly a radial pressure onto the shaft whereby it must not
contact the compressor housing. Check the complete circumference of
360°.
e) Check wastegate lever
See Fig. 78-7
Check the wastegate lever for free movement. If it does not move freely,
lubricate the axle of the wastegate with LOCTITE Anti-Seize 8151,
ROTAX part no. 297434.
Fig. 78-7
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■ CAUTION:
On older engine versions, also observe SB-914-005,
“Introduction of a turbo charger with a modified
wastegate“, latest issue.
e) Axial- and Radial- clearance charger shaft
See Fig. 78-8
Record the readings in the appendix.
TC02
TC01
Fig. 78-8
08465
08466
f) Testing the impeller shaft
See Fig. 78-9
The bearings are tested by means of the pressure drop measuring
method.
■ CAUTION:
For this test, compressed air at approx. 2 bar (29 p.s.i)
and a testing device are needed.
Consisting of:
2
pressure gauges
1
orifice jet (inner diameter = 1 mm (.039 in.) / length = 3 mm
(.12 in.)
1
connecting nipple M12x1.5
for the thread in the middle section of the turbocharger
1
cover plate for the oil outlet
n.B. connecting hoses
Screw in the connecting nipple and close the oil outlet with the cover
plate.
Connect the pressure gauges together with the regulating valves.
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Procedure:
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Apply a constant pressure of 2 bar (29 p.s.i) to the connection cable.
The pressure drop must not exceed 50%.
(From 2 bar (29 p.s.i) to max. 1 bar (14.5 p.s.i))
◆ NOTE:
For optimum results, the position of the shaft should
always be changed slightly during the check, i.e. the
shaft should be moved backwards and forwards in axial
and radial directions.
Fig. 78-9
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3.4)
Assembly of the complete exhaust system (on the 912 Series)
■ CAUTION:
3.5)
For assembly, observe the exhaust system and aircraft
manufacturers´ instructions.
Assembly of the complete exhaust system incl. turbocharger (on the
914 Series)
See Figs. 78-3, 78-10 and 78-11.
Turbocharger / turbocharger bracket / exhaust manifold
Release and remove the 3 upper hex. screws (20) M8x16 on the turbine
housing, but only slacken the lower screw.
Place the turbocharger bracket (16) on the outer side of the retaining ring in
position and loosely attach with the allen screws. Fit 4 studs (32) M8x19.5/13
with the longer threaded end (19.5 mm) (.76 in.) into turbine housing and tighten
to 6 Nm (53 in.lb).
Screw stud (31) M8x30/13 into the top threaded bore (30) and tighten to 6 Nm
(53 in.lb).
Attach muffler (12) with washers and M8 nuts (14) on turbine housing. Screw
the support plate (15) onto the turbine housing with the washer and nut (14) M8.
Attach turbocharger bracket (16) to the support plate with washer and hex. screw
(13) M8x16 and tighten screw slightly.
Tighten muffler attachment nuts M8 to 25 Nm (18.5 ft.lb).
Fit the exhaust manifold (21) onto turbine housing using allen screws (22)
M8x25 and tighten slightly with M8 nuts (23).
■ CAUTION:
The attachment screws for exhaust manifold and turbocharger
bracket are not tightened until installation on the engine is complete
to prevent locking up of stresses.
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Installation of the check valve. See 79-00-00.
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Edition 1 / Rev. 2
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Maintenance Manual
Engine suspension frame / exhaust system assembly / exhaust bends
Screw the engine suspension frame (1) to the engine housing with the lock
washers and the allen screw M10x110 (3) and M10x35 (4). See Fig. 71-10 and
71-11 in 71-00-00.
Place distance sleeve (29) 10.5/17/15 into left arm of engine suspension frame
and attach exhaust bracket on engine housing (7) with washer, lock washer and
allen screw (27) M10x50.
Re-establish attachment (28) exhaust bracket engine suspension frame (not
supplied with engine). Tightening torque as specified by the fuselage manufacturer.
Place distance sleeve (10) 10.5/17/15 into right arm of engine suspension frame.
Screw turbocharger assembly to the holder (26) on the engine housing, complete
with muffler and turbocharger bracket with washer, lock washer and allen screw
(8) M10x50 and allen screw M8x50 (25). The muffler is attached to the exhaust
bracket with the tension clamp (6) tightened to a torque of 15 Nm (133 in.lb).
■ CAUTION:
Position tension clamp so that the tension free zone (33) comes
to rest on the edge of the exhaust bracket. See Fig. 78-10.
Re-establish attachment (9) turbocharger bracket engine suspension frame (not
supplied with engine). Tightening torque as specified by the aircraft manufacturer.
Fig. 78-10
33
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Tightening torque of the M10 screws = 40 Nm (30 ft.lb).
Reconnect the two oil lines for turbocharger on the oil pump.
See 79-00-00.
◆ NOTE:
If the location of the oil line connection does not correspond with
oil pump housing, correction can be achieved by slightly turning
the turbocharger center section (34)
Fit the 4 exhaust bends (3).
◆ NOTE:
To make assembly easier, LOCTITE Anti-Seize can be applied
on the labyrinth end (36). See Fig. 78-11
The connecting ends (35) of the exhaust manifold must overlap the pleat of the
labyrinth end by at least 5 mm (.197 in.) at each of the 4 exhaust bends. See
Fig. 78-11
■ CAUTION:
All 4 exhaust bends must be fitted free of stress and must not
be damaged during installation.
After completion of installation as described, all the screw connections on the turbocharger bracket, exhaust manifold, exhaust bends
Fig. 78-11
min. 5 mm (min. 0.179 in.)
35
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and the tension clamp must be tightened to the specified torques.
See Fig. 78-3
Tightening torque:
Allen screws
(8) M10x50
turbocharger bracket 40 Nm/ 30 ft.lb
Allen screws
(27) M10x50
exhaust bracket
40 Nm/ 30 ft.lb
hex. screw
(6) M10
tension clamp
20 Nm / 177 in.lb
hex. nuts
(1) M8
exhaust bend flange
12 Nm / 106 in.lb
When tightening the exhaust bend flanges, ensure equal distance
between flange and cylinder head from top to bottom. The flanges (2)
of the exhaust bends (3) must not touch the cylinder heads. See Fig.
78-12
■ CAUTION:
If the exhaust flange is deformed, it must be replaced.
After each disassembly, the lock nuts (1) must be
replaced with new lock nuts M8.
■ CAUTION:
3.6)
In the high temperature zone of the turbocharger and
exhaust system, use exclusively high grade, stainless
steel screws.
Bowden cable, rope sheave and spring for wastegate control (on the 914
Series)
Fig. 78-12
1
3
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See Fig. 78-13
3.6.1)
Disassembly
Remove tension spring (1) with a suitable tool and cut wire (2) of the
Bowden cable.
Loosen set screw of nipple (3) and pull Bowden cable out of the cable
retainer (4).
Do not lose the pressure spring (5) 5.5/1.2/16.9. Remove spring and
store in a safe place.
Remove cotter pin (6) and pin (7) from wastegate lever (8).
Now the Bowden cable can be pulled out from the conduit.
If required, remove rope sheave (9) after removal of the allen screw (10)
M5 x 20 along with lock washer and washer.
3.6.2)
Checking of the components
Fig. 78-13
1
2
6
10
17
9
3
1
11
7
11
16
4
14
5
15
13
18
12
15
8
6
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Visual inspection of all components. Check bowden cable for free
movement.
■ CAUTION:
Renew bowden cable if damaged. See the corresponding Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the
respective engine type, 912 Series or 914 Series.
Check spring engagement holes (11) for wear.
■ CAUTION:
3.6.3)
On older engine versions, observe SB-914-008.
Assembly and adjustment
Ascertaining the position of the servo motor:
See Figs. 78-13 and 78-14.
To ascertain the servo motor position, power-up the TCU.
◆ NOTE:
After the automatic self test of the servo motor (12), put
the throttle lever into idle position to make sure that the
servo motor will remain always in position with wastegate
„closed“. The servo motor is self locking.
Position finding is absolutely necessary for correct
adjustment of the Bowden cable.
While assembling the rope sheave, interrupt the voltage supply to
the TCU or unplug the 2-pin plug connection (13). Risk of destroying
the servo motor if it is activated by the TCU during assembly.
Fit rope sheave as per detail A, Fig. 78-9 and secure with washer, lock
washer and allen screw M5x20 (10). The rope sheave has to be fixed
to prevent rotating of the output shaft when the rope sheave is
tightened. Tightening torque to 6 Nm (53 in.lb).
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If the cable retainer has been removed at disassembly, apply LOCTITE
648 on cable retainer (4) and press it into servo motor housing.
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Fit Bowden cable to wastegate lever with pin (7) and cotter pin (6).
Feed Bowden cable through flexible conduit (and integrated adjusting
screw) (14). Using a suitable tool, fit suitable clamp (e.g. crimp clamp
(18)) for traction relief as shown in Fig. 78-13. Insert pressure spring
(5) in cable retainer (4), thread Bowden cable through and around the
rope sheave and fix with a screw nipple (3) with a tightening torque of
2.5 Nm (22.1 in.lb).
Adjust Bowden cable with M6 hex. nuts (15) so that no clearance is
perceptible on wastegate lever.
With this adjustment set, pre-tension the pressure spring by 1 to 2 mm
(0.04 - 0.08 in.) at straightened cable with the adjustment screw at
support.
Insert silicon hose 5x8 (17), length approx. 125 mm (4.92 in.), into the
spring.
Engage return spring on support and spring pin (16).
■ CAUTION:
To minimize wear on spring engagement holes, engage spring on spring pin, twist it by approx. one turn
and engage other end of spring on support.
Secure safety wiring (2) between servo motor and traction relief so that
the Bowden cable cannot escape from the cable retainer and consequently change the setting during operation.
m
+5m
mm
25
02618
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Fig. 78-14
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
4.) Wear limits
08473
Turbocharger
Axial clearance
TC01
0,025
0,0010
to
0,084
0,0033
0,056
0,0022
TC02
Rework turbine
housing flange
TC03
to
0,127
0,0050
0,074
0,0029
to
0,109
0,0043
0,5
0,0200
d05742
Radial clearance
0,040
0,0016
to
0,070
0,0028
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
78-00-00
page 23
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d04356
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
78-00-00
page 24
July 01/2008
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
SECTION 79
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
1) Table of contents
SECTION 79
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
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1) Table of contents .................................................................................... 79-00-00 / 1
2) Systems description ................................................................................. 79-00-00 / 3
2.1) Lubrication system ........................................................................ 79-00-00 / 3
2.2) Main oil pump (Engine lubrication circuit) ...................................... 79-00-00 / 5
2.3) Suction pump (turbocharger oil circuit, only on 914 Series).......... 79-00-00 / 8
2.4) Magnetic plug ................................................................................ 79-00-00 / 10
2.5) Drain plug ...................................................................................... 79-00-00 / 10
2.6) Connections for instrumentation ................................................... 79-00-00 / 10
2.6.1) Oil pressure indication ...................................................... 79-00-00 / 10
2.6.2) Oil temperature indication ................................................ 79-00-00 / 10
3) Maintenance ........................................................................................... 79-00-00 / 11
3.1) Oil pump ........................................................................................ 79-00-00 / 11
3.1.1) Oil pump removal (main and suction pump) .................... 79-00-00 / 11
3.1.2) Oil pump disassembly ...................................................... 79-00-00 / 14
3.1.3) Oil pump checking ............................................................ 79-00-00 / 15
3.1.4) Oil pump assembly (on 912 Series) ................................. 79-00-00 / 18
3.1.5) Oil pump assembly (on 914 Series) ................................. 79-00-00 / 19
3.2) Pressure check valve (only on 914 Series) ................................... 79-00-00 / 20
3.3) Oil sump (only on 914 Series) ....................................................... 79-00-00 / 21
3.4) Oil tank .......................................................................................... 79-00-00 / 22
3.5) Oil lines (steel lines) ...................................................................... 79-00-00 / 23
3.6) Oil lines ......................................................................................... 79-00-00 / 25
3.7) Oil cooler ....................................................................................... 79-00-00 / 25
3.8) Purging of lubrication system ........................................................ 79-00-00 / 26
3.9) Temperature- and pressure observation ....................................... 79-00-00 / 26
3.9.1) Oil temperature sensor ..................................................... 79-00-00 / 26
3.9.2) Oil pressure sensor .......................................................... 79-00-00 / 27
4) Wear limits .............................................................................................. 79-00-00 / 32
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
79-00-00
page 1
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02628
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
79-00-00
page 2
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2) Systems description
2.1)
Lubrication system
See Figs. 79-1 and 79-2.
ROTAX engine types of the 912/914 Series are equipped with a dry sump forced
lubrication and a main oil pump with integrated pressure regulator. The ROTAX
914 Series has an additional suction pump for the turbocharger oil circuit.
◆ NOTE:
The oil pumps are driven by the camshaft.
The main oil pump sucks the engine oil from the oil tank (1) via the oil cooler
(2) and forces it through the oil filter to the individual points of lubrication
(lubricates also the bearings of the turbocharger and the propeller governor).
The surplus engine oil emerging from the points of lubrication accumulates on
the bottom of the crankcase and is forced back to the oil tank by the blow-by
gases.
◆ NOTE:
The oil temperature sensor (6) is located on the oil pump flange
and measures the oil feed temperature.
The oil circuit is vented via bore (5) in the oil tank, where the
blow-by gases leave the system.
On engines of the 914 Series, the turbocharger is lubricated via a separate oil
line (3) from the main oil pump.
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The oil emerging from the turbocharger collects in the oil sump and is pumped
back to the oil tank by a separate suction pump via the oil line (4).
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
79-00-00
page 3
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
912 Series
Fig. 79-1
4
5
6
09160
1
3
2
914 Series
Fig. 79-2
4
3
6
5
1
05017
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2
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
79-00-00
page 4
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2.2)
Main oil pump (Engine lubrication circuit)
See Fig. 79-3
The trochoid oil pump sucks the engine oil out of the oil tank (1) via line (2). The
oil passes through the oil cooler (3) fitted on the suction side via the oil line (4)
to the oil pump rotor (5) (main oil pump), which is driven by the oil pump shaft
(6).
The pump forces the oil through the filter mat from the outside to the inside of
the oil filter (7). The oil pressure from 1.5 to 5 bar (22 to 72 p.s.i.) is controlled
by the pressure relief valve (8). The surplus oil returns to the oil pump rotor via
the channel (9).
If the filter mat in the oil filter is completely clogged up, the pressure relief valve
(10) will open and lube oil will flow unfiltered to the individual lubrication points.
Prevent this situation by all means, using lube oil and filter as specified and
carrying out punctual replacement of oil filter.
The oil will then be pumped through the oil duct (11) in the left side of the housing.
The 4 hydraulic valve tappets (12) for cylinders 2 and 4 are supplied with oil via
this channel. Oil flows to the rocker arm bearing via the hollow push-rod (13) and
the oil duct (14). The oil emerging from bore (15) lubricates the valve mechanism
and flows through the oil return line (16), into the channel (17) and back to the
crankcase.
Forced oil supply from oil duct (11) is also supplied to camshaft bearing (18)
CC23, main bearing (19) CC13, the conrod bearing (20) of cylinder 4 and the
bronze bush (21) of the backing bearing IH01 in the ignition housing.
In the crankcase sealing surface (22), the oil enters the right crankcase half. As
a result, the camshaft bearing (24) CC22, the middle main bearing (25) CC12
and the two conrod bearings (26) and (27) of cylinders 3 and 2 are lubricated
via the oil duct (23). This oil duct supplies the hydraulic valve tappets and the
valve mechanism of cylinders 1 and 3.
d02628
The forced oil supply then reaches the camshaft bearing (28) CC21, the main
bearing (29) CC11, the conrod bearing (30) of cylinder 1 and the backing bearing
(31) GB01 in the gearbox housing. The electrical connection of the oil pressure
gauge is at the oil pressure sensor (32) .
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
79-00-00
page 5
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
On the ROTAX 912/914 Series, which is equipped with a hydraulic governor, the
governor (35) is supplied with the required forced oil via oil line (33). From the
governor flange (34), the oil flows to the gear pump in the governor, which raises
the pressure to approx. 23 bar (330 p.s.i.). According to the lever position of the
governor, oil is pumped via oil duct (36) and through oil inlet flange (37) and into
the hollow propeller shaft (38) to the variable pitch propeller or drained into the
crankcase through channel (39), thus changing pitch accordingly. The surplus
oil returns back to the crankcase via the duct.
The engine oil emerging from all lubrication points flows to the bottom of the
crankcase (40) and is pressed back into the oil tank by the crankcase gases
(blow-by – gases) via the ring hose nipple (41) and the oil return line (42). The
tangential feed of the returned oil effects separation of oil from air via the screen
(43). As a result, the intake system (2) is supplied with oil which is to a large
extent free of air.
The oil tank is vented via the connection (44) into a suitable container or to the
outside.
For oil change, the oil is drained by removing drain plug (45).
Only on 914 Series: Oil pump rotor (46) of the suction oil
pump.
d04782
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
79-00-00
page 6
October 01/2010
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
912 Series
914 Series
34
35
Fig. 79-3
36
39
38
37
33
3
30
29
25
31
20
4
32
26
27
2
21
19
23
5
44
28
22
24
9
46
12
6
18
11
8
17
13
10
16
40
7
41
42
43
1
00130
14
15
d02628
45
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
79-00-00
page 7
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
2.3)
Suction pump (turbocharger oil circuit, only on 914 Series)
See Fig. 79-4
The suction pump (11) is of the same design as the main oil pump (12) and sits
on the extended common pump shaft (15).
The lubrication of the turbocharger shaft, which is supported on plain bearings,
is via a separate oil line (2) from the main oil pump.
The choke valve (3) on the entry into the turbocharger housing prevents flooding
of the turbocharger (1) with engine oil by gravity after engine stop.
Operation of the pressure valve:
Oil pressure (min. 0.8 bar (11.6 p.s.i.)) keeps the ball valve open against the low
spring pressure and the oil flows almost unhindered to the bearing bore. Without
oil pressure the valve closes and stops the oil flow.
■ CAUTION:
Oil loss combined with heavy smoke emission at engine start is
a strong indication of a defective check valve.
The oil emerging from the bearing bore collects in the oil sump (8). From there,
it is sucked off by the suction pump (11) via a separate line (9) and pumped back
to the oil tank via the ring hose nipple (10).
The suction pump is also a trochoid pump and, like the main oil
pump (12), is driven by the common oil pump shaft.
d04782
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
79-00-00
page 8
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
zum hydr. Verstellregler
(optional)
to hydr. governor
11
912 Serie
914 Serie
912 Series
12
2
914 Series
17
Fig. 79-4
AUF
ZUL T
OEL INLE
OIL
10
9
O ZUM
TO ELTAN
OIL
K
TAN
K
16
15
13
Legend to Fig. 79-4:
(1) Turbocharger
(2) Pressure oil line (turbocharger)
19
18
7
(3) Pressure valve
2
(4) Valve housing
(5) Pressure spring
6
5
3
4
(6) Ball ø 5.5 mm (0.22 in.)
(7) Banjo bolt
1
(8) Oil sump
(9) Suction line (turbocharger)
(10) Ring hose nipple
(11) Suction pump
9
(12) Main oil pump (pressure oil pump)
(13) Oil pump housing (main oil pump)
8
(14) Oil pump housing (suction oil pump)
(15) Oil pump shaft
(16) Oil feed line
d05743
(17) Oil pressure sensor
10052
00131
(18) Oil filter
(19) Pressure relief valve
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
79-00-00
page 9
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
2.4)
Magnetic plug
See the corresponding Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or 914 Series.
◆ NOTE:
2.5)
It is possible to repair the thread of the magnet plug of the
crankcase with a helicoil. See section 8.7 of the overhaul
manual.
Drain plug
See the corresponding Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or 914 Series.
2.6)
Connections for instrumentation
■ CAUTION:
Consult also the relevant section in the Installation Manual.
Oil pressure indication
Via an electric resistance pick-up attached on oil pump housing with
connection to indicating instrument.
2.6.2)
Oil temperature indication
The sensor for the oil temperature is fitted in the oil pump housing. The
sensor is a thermo switch with changing internal resistance according
to oil temperature.
d04782
2.6.1)
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
79-00-00
page 10
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3) Maintenance
The following sections describe maintenance procedure for engines of the 912/914
Series above and beyond the maintenance and special checks, see corresponding
Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or
914 Series, and the systems descriptions given hitherto. The description is subdivided
into subsections and descriptions of the function of the various systems.
3.1)
Oil pump
3.1.1)
Oil pump removal (main and suction pump)
See Figs. 79-5 and 79-6.
Drain oil.
Remove oil line from screw socket (11,13,14) (feed). Remove both
banjo bolts (36) from the suction pump and remove sealing rings (28).
◆ NOTE:
The suction oil line (34) and the ring hose nipple (35)
need not be removed.
Remove banjo bolt (36) and take off sealing rings (28). Also remove the
distance sleeve (31) (configuration 2 / 4). On configuration 3, the
pressure oil line (30) to the governor should be removed for easier
disassembly. Same procedure on pressure oil line (32) to the turbocharger.
Remove oil filter (8) with oil filter wrench, part no. 877620
Release 4 allen screws (27) (on 912 Series: M6x50 on 914 Series:
M6x65) with lock washers and take off complete oil pump unit with
2x O-rings (25) 11x2.7 and (24) 1 x 30x2.5.
Suction pump only on ROTAX 914 Series!
d05743
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
79-00-00
page 11
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
C
OEL ZULAUF
OIL INLET
24
25
30
B
29
28
9
16
25
B
L
15
10
11
B
12
13
C
12
912 Serie
912 series
14
Fig. 79-5
O
B .... LOCTITE 243
C .... LOCTITE 648
L .... KLUEBER ISOFLEX TOPAS Nb5051
O .... ENGINE OIL
d05743
27
26
22
L
23
37
B
8
17
3
7
6
36
L
5
18
28
O
4
2
1
28
ZUM HYDR. REGLER
TO HYDR. GOVERNOR
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
79-00-00
page 12
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
C
12
14
12
4
2
26
8
O
36
TU
RÜC RBO
K
RETU LAUF /
RN L
INE
36
O
28
B .... LOCTITE 243
C .... LOCTITE 648
L .... KLUEBER ISOFLEX TOPAS Nb5051
O .... ENGINE OIL
d05743
27
22
L
23
20
34
28
21
L
19
35
37
33
ZU
B
M
TO OELT
OIL AN
TAN K
K
17
3
7
6
5
18
L
O
28
31
1
ZUM HYDR. REGLER
TO HYDR. GOVERNOR
O
B
TURBO
DRUCK /
PRESSURE
25 24
28
31
30
16
9
25
L
15
11
10
13
914 Serie
914 series
B
Fig. 79-6
OEL ZULAUF
OIL INLET
C
Maintenance Manual
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
79-00-00
page 13
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.1.2)
Oil pump disassembly
See Figs. 79-5 and 79-6.
◆ NOTE:
The oil filter nipple (7), screw socket M18x1.5/M14x1.5
(11,13,14), oil temperature sensor (37) and oil pressure
sensor (8) are only removed if required, e.g. in the event
of damage or for cleaning.
Remove screw plug (6), adjusting shim (5), pressure spring (4) and ball
8.5 mm (0.33 in.) (2) of oil pressure release valve.
◆ NOTE:
The adjusting shim is only fitted if required to reach the
specified oil pressure.
On the 912 Series:
Remove the oil pump cover (23), needle pins (22), pressure inner and
outer rotor (17) and O-ring 46x3 (18). Take out needle pin (16) and pull
out oil pump shaft (15) with pressed in drive pin.
On the 914 Series:
Remove the suction pump cover (23), needle pins (22), suction inner
and outer rotor (20) and O-ring 46x3 (21). Take out needle pin (16) .
Remove oil pump housing (19) of the suction pump, pressure inner and
outer rotor (17) and O-ring 57x3 25G (18) of main oil pump.
Take out last needle pin (16) and pull out oil pump shaft (15) with
pressed in drive pin.
Only on 914 Series:
Suction inner and outer rotor (20), O-ring (21) 46x3,
needle pin (18) and oil pump housing (19).
d05743
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
79-00-00
page 14
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.1.3)
Oil pump checking
See Figs. 79-7, 79-8, 3179-9, 79-10, 79-11, 79-12 and 79-13.
Visually check all components of oil pump.
Check inside (1) of oil pump cover with a straightedge (2) for wear.
Check all revolving rotors of pump. If there are noticeable furrows on
mating faces of rotor inside (3) and revolving piston outside (4), replace
both components.
Insert revolving pistons and rotors into their respective housings.
Only on 914 Series:
Check the gap dimension (OP01) (suction oil pump) between
crankcase flange surface — revolving piston
crankcase flange surface — pump rotor
Also check the gap dimension (OP01) (main oil pump) between
crankcase flange surface (5) — revolving piston (6)
crankcase flange surface (5) — pump rotor (7)
See 79-00-00 sec. 4.
A bigger gap greatly reduces pump capacity.
Check sealing surfaces of both oil pump housings and pump cover, resurface on an even surface plate if necessary.
Check pump shaft at the bearing bores (8).
◆ NOTE:
If there is still an older model oil pump shaft fitted on
engines 912 A and 912 UL (identifiable by the roll pin on
the pump shaft) the shaft must be replaced in accordance with SB-912-032 “Replacement of oil pump
assy. or oil pump shaft assy“, latest issue.
Remove screw plug (9), pressure spring (10) and ball (11), clean and
check ball seat (12) in pump housing. The compensating shim (13) is
only fitted if required to reach specified oil pressure.
d02628
Clean all parts and clear oil bores with compressed air.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
79-00-00
page 15
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
912 Series
912 Series
On new engine models
On older engine models
Fig. 79-7
Fig. 79-8
05156
05152
2
Fig. 79-9
1
00073
914 Series
8
8
8
00076
d02628
Fig. 79-10
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
79-00-00
page 16
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Fig. 79-11
14
15
4
3
6
7
4
3
00076
Fig. 79-12
Fig. 79-13
0
90
10
80
12
70
20
109
2
8
3
7
4 5 6
11
10
OP01
60
0.01mm
50
30
40
5
13
00071
9
00074
6
14
d02628
7
15
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
79-00-00
page 17
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.1.4)
Oil pump assembly (on 912 Series)
See Fig. 79-5
Lubricate bearing bore for pump shaft in oil pump housing with engine
oil and install pump shaft (15). Push needle pin (16) 4x15.8 into the
pump shaft (15), insert suction inner and outer rotor (17) and turn the
pump shaft to check it. Fit the 2 outer O-rings (25) 11-2.7 and O-ring (24)
30-2.5 in the oil pump housing and fit it to the crankcase.
◆ NOTE:
Turn oil pump shaft so that the drive pin engages in the
groove of the camshaft.
◆ NOTE:
Models from the year 1995 onwards have a suction
inner and outer rotor of height 16 mm (0.63 in.) instead
of 13 mm (0.51 in.).
◆ NOTE:
Apply LOCTITE 5910 to the crankcase in the area of the
split line between the two crankcase halves.
Push both needle pins (22) 4x15.8 into the pump housing, insert O-ring
(18) 57-3 and tighten oil pump cover (23) crosswise by hand evenly with
allen screws (27) M6x50 and lock washers. After this tighten allen
screws (27) crosswise. Tightening torque 10 Nm (90 in.lb).
Fit ball 8.5 mm (0.33 in.) (2), pressure spring (4) 39.5 mm (1.55 in.) and
screw plug (6) M12x1 and secure with wire. Tightening torque with oiled
thread 15 Nm (133 in.lb).
◆ NOTE:
The adjusting shim (5) is not supplied as standard
equipment. It is only fitted if a test run reveals that the
oil pressure is too low.
If the oil filter nipple (7) has been removed, retighten to 60 Nm (44.3 ft.lb).
Slightly lubricate the rubber seal for oil filter (8) with engine oil. Screw
oil filter on by hand until it touches the oil filter housing. Then tighten by
an extra 3/4 turn.
◆ NOTE:
Depending on the model, a hose nipple or a screw
socket for either a metric connection or a UNF thread
is installed.
d05743
Tighten the ring hose nipple with 15 Nm (133 in.lb). In the case of a
model with a screw socket tighten with 25 Nm (18.5 ft.lb). Tighten oil
temperature sensor (37) with LOCTITE 243 and a torque of 7 Nm (62
in.lb). Grease the thread of the banjo bolt (36) and tighten with 12 Nm
(105 in.lb). Apply LOCTITE 243 on plug screw (29) and tighten with a
torque of 10 Nm (90 in.lb).
Effectivity 912 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
79-00-00
page 18
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.1.5)
Oil pump assembly (on 914 Series)
See Fig. 79-6
Lubricate bearing bore for pump shaft in oil pump housing with engine
oil and install pump shaft (15).
Push needle pin (16) 4x15.8 into the pump shaft, insert oil pump piston
with rotor (17) in main oil pump and turn pump shaft to check it.
Insert O-ring (18) 57-3 and push on oil pump housing (19), push second
needle pin (16) 4x15.8 into the pump shaft, insert suction inner and
outer rotor (28) of the suction pump. Rotate the pump shaft again to
check it.
◆ NOTE:
Apply LOCTITE 5910 to the crankcase in the area of the
split line between the two crankcase halves.
Push both needle pins (22) 4x29.8 through the two pump housings and
insert O-ring (21) 46-3. Fit the 2 outer O-rings (25) 11-2.7 and O-ring (24)
30-2.5 in the oil pump housing and fit it to the crankcase.
◆ NOTE:
Turn oil pump shaft until the drive pin engages in the
camshaft. Tighten oil pump cover (23) crosswise and
by hand evenly with allen screws (27) M6x65 and lock
washers. After this tighten allen screws (27) crosswise.
Tightening torque with oiled thread 10 Nm (90 in.lb).
Fit ball 8.5 mm (0.33 in.) (2), pressure spring (4) 39.5 mm (1.55 in.) long
and screw plug (6) M12x1. Tighten oiled thread with a torque of 15 Nm
(133 in.lb).
■ CAUTION:
The adjusting shim (5) is not supplied as standard
equipment. It is only fitted if a test run reveals that the
oil pressure is too low.
If the oil filter nipple (7) has been removed, retighten it to 60 Nm (44.3
ft.lb). Slightly lubricate the rubber seal for oil filter (8) with engine oil.
Screw on oil filter by hand until it touches the oil filter housing. Then
tighten oil filter by an extra 3/4 turn.
Depending on the model a hose nipple or a screw
socket for either a metric connection or a UNF thread
is installed.
d05743
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
79-00-00
page 19
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Tighten the ring hose nipple with 15 Nm (133 in.lb). In the case of a
model with a screw socket tighten with 25 Nm (18.5 ft.lb). Tighten oil
temperature sensor (36) with LOCTITE 243 and a torque of 7 Nm (62
in.lb).
Also fit oil pressure sensor (9) secured with LOCTITE 243. Tightening
torque 15 Nm (133 in.lb). Grease the threads of the banjo bolts (33) and
(36) and tighten with 12 Nm (106 in.lb).
3.2)
Pressure check valve (only on 914 Series)
See Fig. 79-14.
Remove banjo bolt (1) M8 with sealing rings (2) 8x13.
◆ NOTE:
The valve housing (3) is only removed in the event of damage
or for cleaning.
Remove ball (4) 5.5 and pressure spring (5), 22 mm long, from the valve
housing.
◆ NOTE:
The banjo bolt together with the ball and spring serve as a
pressure check valve. For further information, see 79-00-00
sec. 2.3. At present it is possible to control the pressure check
valvue by testing for an opening pressure (via oil) of 0.4 bar (+/
- 0.05)
Clean all components and inspect them visually.
Also check thread and flange surface of turbocharger housing.
If there is leakage at the valve seat (6), it can be reworked with valve lapping
paste or other suitable method. If necessary, replace banjo bolt.
Reassembly in reverse order.
Screw valve housing (3) with sealing ring (7) 12x18 into turbocharger housing
and tighten to 25 Nm (18.5 ft.lb).
1
8
2
5
4
6
3
7
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00075
Fig. 79-14
Effectivity 914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
79-00-00
page 20
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
■ CAUTION:
If the ball (4) installed under the pressure spring (5), the oil circuit
is interrupted and the turbocharger will be destroyed.
Insert pressure spring (5) and ball (4).
The pressure oil line (8) is attached with the banjo bolt (1) and sealing rings (2)
on both sides. Tightening torque 10 Nm (90 in.lb).
◆ NOTE:
3.3)
For recognition the banjo bolt is either marked with a blue color
or reads the label “OIL”.
Oil sump (only on 914 Series)
See Fig. 79-15
◆ NOTE:
The oil sump (1) is only removed in the event of damage or for
cleaning.
Remove tension spring from wastegate flap with a suitable tool.
Release collar nut (2) of the turbo oil suction line (3). Remove the 2 allen screws
(4) M6x55 and take off cable support (5), oil sump (1) and O-ring (6) 9x2.3.
Clean all components and check them visually. Also check thread and flange
surface of turbo charger housing. In the event of damage, replace oil sump.
Reassembly in reverse order.
The oil sump (1) is attached with the O-ring (6), cable support (5) and 2 allen
screws (4) M6x55.
Tighten collar nut (2) of the turbo oil suction line to 20 Nm (180 in.lb).
Secure the allen screws (4) with wire.
Fig. 79-15
00075
3
6
2
5
1
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page 21
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.4)
Oil tank
See Fig. 79-19
Detach oil lines. Remove banjo bolt (1) M10 and remove ring hose nipple (2) with
sealing rings 10x14.
See latest Maintenance Manual "Line Maintenance“ for the respective engine
type.
Fig. 79-16
1
15
2
10
3
11
12
9
4
5
13
6
8
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Edition 1 / Rev. 0
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7
14
00077
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page 22
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.5)
Oil lines (steel lines)
See Figs. 79-17 and 79-18.
The steel oil lines are only removed in the event of damage or for cleaning.
-
Governor pressure oil line (1) to hydr. governor disassembly
Remove the cable clamp (2) for cable support from the side of the gearbox.
Remove banjo bolt (3) M10 with sealing rings from governor flange. Then
release the banjo bolt (4) on the oil pump housing and take off the 3 sealing
rings.
-
Turbo pressure oil line (5) (only on 914 Series ) disassembly
◆ NOTE:
The turbo pressure and the suction oil line are attached together
by means of two cable clamps (6) ø 8/M5 and 2 cable lamps (7)
ø5/M5.
Remove banjo bolt (8) with sealing rings.
■ CAUTION:
-
Make sure that the ball (9) and the spring (10) of the pressure
check valve are not damaged or lost.
Turbo oil suction line (11) (only on 914 Series ) disassembly
The suction oil line is additionally supported on the turbocharger bracket by
a cable clamp. Remove it before disassembly.
Remove banjo bolt (12) M10 with sealing rings from the suction oil pump and
the collar nut (13) from the oil sump.
d02628
Clean all lines and inspect them visually. Check for free passage.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
79-00-00
page 23
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Reassembly of the lines in reverse order.
■ CAUTION:
Pay attention that the lines are fitted free of stress and without
scouring. Respect minimum distances, e.g. 2 mm (0.08 in.)
from housing.
■ CAUTION:
On the 914 Series, it is important to ensure that a shim distance
ring (part no. 847224) is fitted between the cable clamp (14) and
the gearbox housing.
Tightening torques:
banjo bolts M10
- 17 Nm (150 in.lb)
banjo bolts M8
- 10 Nm (90 in.lb)
collar nuts (13)
- 20 Nm (180 in.lb)
hex. screws M8x20 (14)
(secure with LOCTITE 243).
- 15 Nm (135 in.lb)
screw plug M12x1 (16)
- 25 Nm (18.5 ft.lb)
◆ NOTE:
On configuration 2 and 3, a distance sleeve (15) 10.5/15/10 is
fitted instead of the governor oil line (1).
zum hydr. Verstellregler
(optional)
to hydr. governor
Fig. 79-17
4
5
1
15
Fig. 79-18
Ölzulauf
oil inlet
0-10r
ba
11
zum Öltank
to oil tank
12
14
2
6
8
00082
16
1
7
9
10
3
00083
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13
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page 24
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BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.6)
Oil lines
■ CAUTION:
The oil lines not supplied with the engine must be maintained as
per aircraft manufacturers specifications.
In addition the following maintenance work should be performed:
Clean oil feed line from oil tank to oil cooler and to oil pump and check visually.
The same applies to the oil return lines. Pay special attention to the line ends.
For replacement, only use genuine, certificated tubes. For attachment of the
tubes use suitable screw hose clamps or crimp connections.
■ CAUTION:
3.7)
Use oil lines and tube clamps as specified in the aircraft
manufacturers manual.
Oil cooler
■ CAUTION:
The oil cooler is not supplied with the engine. Maintenance must
be performed in accordance with the aircraft manufacturers
instructions.
In addition the following maintenance work should be done:
Clean oil cooler fins and straighten them, if necessary. Rinse the oil cooler inside.
■ CAUTION:
It is absolutely necessary after an engine damage, swarf in oil
filter and on the magnetic plug to replace the oil cooler.
Carry out visual inspection of the oil cooler body and the connections. Pressure
test with 3 bar (43.6 p.s.i) in a water bath to check for leaks.
d02628
See also latest issue Maintenance Manual "Line Maintenance“ for the respective
engine type.
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
79-00-00
page 25
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.8)
Purging of lubrication system
See the corresponding section in the respective Maintenance Manual (Line
Maintenance) for the engine type, 912 Series or 914 Series.
3.9)
Temperature- and pressure observation
See the corresponding Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or 914 Series.
◆ NOTE:
3.9.1)
The engines of the 912 Series and 914 Series have several
temperature control points. Refer to wiring diagram in Operators Manual.
Oil temperature sensor
See Fig. 79-19
The sensor (1) for oil temperature measurement is screwed into the oil
pump housing. The sensor is an NTC resistor and identical with the two
sensors for the cylinder head temperature.
The max. operating temperatures must not be exceeded. In the event
of temperature rise above the limit, check the following:
-
the oil system (see corresponding Maintenance Manual (Line
Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or 914
Series.)
-
temperature sensor
-
indicating instrument
-
wiring connections
-
sensor cable.
◆ NOTE:
Grounding connection of the sensors direct via the oil
pump housing.
Fit sensor. See 79-00-00 sec. 3.1.
Fig. 79-19
1
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Maintenance Manual
3.9.2)
Oil pressure sensor
See Figs. 79-20, 79-21, 79-22 and 79-23.
The sensor for measurement of the oil pressure is screwed into the oil
pump housing.
The range of the sensor is from 0 to 10 bar (0 to 145 p.s.i) This range (3)
is indicated on the wrench flats of the sensor.
■ CAUTION:
For this reason, the pressure range of the display
instrument must be adjusted to the pressure range of
the sensor. If this is not done, an incorrect oil pressure
will be displayed.
Due to further develepment a new oil pressure sensor has been
introduced. See therefore the latest issue of Service Instruction
„Running Modifications“ SI-912-020 and SI-914-022 respectively.
New oil pressure sensor part no. 456180
Tightening torque: 15 Nm (133 in.lb).
d05743
No LOCTITE - seals with gasket ring (1).
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Edition 1 / Rev. 4
79-00-00
page 27
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BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Sensor characteristic curve:
Fig. 79-20
08591
Retrofitting of oil pressure sensor part no. 956413 and part no. 956357
- location: oil pump housing
-
wiring connection for instrument.
(see fig. 79-20)
In contrary to the oil pressure sensor part no. 956413 and part no.
956357 the new oil pressure sensor part no. 456180 is equipped with
a connector. As output signal the 2-wire version (4 to 20 mA) is
available. Oil pressure sensor PIN A (connector housing PIN 1) is not
connected and has no function.
■ CAUTION: To prevent the ingress of dampness into the connector
housing, the free hole in the connector housing has to
be closed with LOCTITE 5910, Silicone adhesive or
similar.
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
The sensor cable can be modified in its length according
to the installation situation, e.g. shortened or extended.
For extension an appropriate cable (Ölflexâ Heat 260
79-00-00
page 28
February 01/2015
d05743
Oil pressure sensor PIN B (connector housing PIN 2) has to be
connected to the positive bus via a fuse or circuit breaker (the Red lead
from the current oil pressure sensor). Oil pressure sensor PIN C
(output signal) (connector housing PIN 3) has to be connected directly
to the indicating instrument. For connection to the indicating instrument
a connector set or oil pressure sensor wire assy. is available. See
Ilustrated Parts Catalog (IPC).
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
MC 2x 0.5 mm2 (AWG 20) or equivalent) can be used. A
resistance cable or similar is not necessary.
stranded wire, 0.5 mm2 (AWG 20)
-
wire gauge:
-
operating temperature range:
min.: - 25 °C (-13 °F)
max.: + 125 °C (+ 257 °F)
■ CAUTION:
The sensor characteristic has been determined, and is effective
at the following conditions only (see fig. 1).
ambient temperature:
tolerance:
-
tightening torque:
20 °C (68 °F)
± 4%
15 Nm (98 in.lb) and LOCTITE 243
Replacement of the current oil pressure sensor part non. 956413
and part no. 956357 by part no. 456180
Parts requirement: oil pressure sensor part no. 456180 and oil pressure
cable assy. part no. 864250.
■ CAUTION:
Take care which oil pump housing is mounted. The part
number is shown on the housing.
Oil pump housing part no. 911815 and part no. 911810
1. Remove the oil pressure sensor part no. 956413.
2. Install new oil pressure sensor part no. 456180 with LOCTITE 243.
Tightening torque 15 Nm (98 in.lb)
Oil pump housing part no. 811809
New oil pressure sensor part no. 456180 cannot be installed. Oil pump
housing must be replaced or the threads must be recut.
1. Remove the oil pump housing in accordance with the relevant
Maintenance Manual (Heavy).
Option A: Replace oil pump housing
Replace oil pump housing.
Option B: Rework of the oil pump housing
Recut threads with M10x1 thread tap.
■ CAUTION:
Clean the thread completely from swarf.
d05743
2. Install the oil pump housing in accordance with the relevant
Maintenance Manual (Heavy).
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
79-00-00
page 29
February 01/2015
(
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3. Install new oil pressure sensor part no. 456180 with LOCTITE 243.
Tightening torque 15 Nm (98 in.lb).
▲ WARNING: Certification to the latest requirements such as FAR or
EASA has to be conducted by the aircraft manufacturer.
Old version: part no. 956357
07226
Fig. 79-21
◆ NOTE:
Grounding connection of the sensor is direct via
the oil pump housing.
For sensor resistance see following graph showing sensor resistance
over pressure. Compare pressure gauge with a calibrated instrument.
■ CAUTION:
The graph resistance over pressure has been determined, and is effective at the following conditions only.
ambient temperature:
voltage:
deviation:
20 °C (68 °F)
12 V
max ± 5%
After removal of oil pressure sensor, clean the thread. Apply LOCTITE
243 to thread of sensor and tighten to 15 Nm (133 in.lb).
(Ω) 200
150
100
50
00229
Fig. 79-22
2
4
6
8
10
(bar)
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BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
22,4 mm
(0.88 in.)
Old Version: part no. 956413
◆ NOTE:
Grounding connection of the sensor is direct via
the oil pump housing.
40,4 mm
(1.59 in.)
4,8 mm
(0.19 in.)
1/8” - 27 NPT
L~3 m
l~ 118 in.
26,6 mm
(1 1/16”)
Fig. 79-23
08370
L~150 mm
l~ 6 in.
In contrary to the oil pressure sensor part no. 956357 offered up to now,
the new oil pressure sensor operates on basis of a current variation.
-
operating temperature range:
min.: - 40 °C (-40 °F)
max.: + 125 °C (+ 257 °F)
-
grounding:
■ CAUTION:
via engine block/airframe ground
The graph current over pressure has been determined,
and is effective at the following conditions only.
-
ambient temperature:
20 °C (68 °F)
-
tolerance:
± 5%
-
tightening torque: 15 Nm (98 in.lb) and LOCTITE 234
(mA) 25
20
15
10
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2
4
6
8
10
(bar)
79-00-00
page 31
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
The sensor cable is approx. 3 m long and has 3 leads. The Black lead is not
to be connected and has no function. The Red lead from the sensor has to be
connected to the positive bus via a fuse or circuit breaker. The White lead
(output signal) has to be connected directly to the instrument. See also the
relevant instructions of the instrument supplier/aircraft manufacturer for correct
connection and wiring.
4) Wear limits
0
90
10
80
70
20
109
2
8
3
7
4 5 6
0.01mm
50
30
40
OP01
60
Fig. 79-24
Description
Code
00229
Reading new
wear
limit
wear
limit
100%
50%
min
max
OP01
0,00
0,0000
0,05
0,0020
0,20
0,0079
0,13
0,0049
Clearance suction
pump (pump cover / OP01
rotor)
0,00
0,0000
0,05
0,0020
0,20
0,0079
0,13
0,0049
Readings
Oil pump
actual
renewed
actual
renewed
d05743
Clearance main
pump (pump cover/
rotor)
07429
Effectivity 912/914 Series
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79-00-00
page 32
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
SECTION 80
ELECTRIC STARTER
1) Table of contents
SECTION 80
ELECTRIC STARTER
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
1
3
3
5
5
5
6
7
7
8
9
11
12
12
12
13
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1) Table of contents .................................................................................... 80-00-00
2) Systems description ................................................................................. 80-00-00
2.1) Electric starter ............................................................................... 80-00-00
3) Maintenance ........................................................................................... 80-00-00
3.1) Electric starter dismantling ........................................................... 80-00-00
3.1.1) Standard starter ............................................................... 80-00-00
3.1.2) HD starter ......................................................................... 80-00-00
3.2) Electric starter — disassembly ..................................................... 80-00-00
3.2.1) Standard starter ............................................................... 80-00-00
3.2.2) HD starter ......................................................................... 80-00-00
3.3) Electric starter — inspection of individual parts ............................ 80-00-00
3.4) Electric starter — reassembly ....................................................... 80-00-00
3.5) Electric starter — installation ........................................................ 80-00-00
3.5.1) Standard starter ............................................................... 80-00-00
3.5.2) HD starter ......................................................................... 80-00-00
4) Wear limits .............................................................................................. 80-00-00
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 2
80-00-00
page 1
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
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NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
80-00-00
page 2
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
2) Systems description
2.1)
Electric starter
The electric starter is a DC motor with permanent magnets and carbon brushes.
The gear-tooth system on the armature shaft is permanently engaged in the
intermediate gear.
During the startup process, the sprag clutch establishes a connection to the
crankshaft via the intermediate gear and the free wheel gear. As soon as the
engine speed is higher than the speed generated by the electric starter, the
sprag clutch disengages.
See 72-00-00 sec. 3.6 and 72-00-00 sec. 3.7.
To improve startup, there is an optional HD (heavy duty) starter with
increased power available. See SB-912-037 and SB-914-023
“Installation of an electric starter with enhanced power“, latest
issue.
d02629
◆ NOTE:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
80-00-00
page 3
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
d02629
NOTES
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
80-00-00
page 4
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3) Maintenance
The following sections describe maintenance procedure for engines of the 912/914
Series above and beyond the maintenance and special checks, see corresponding
Maintenance Manual (Line Maintenance) for the respective engine type, 912 Series or
914 Series, and the systems descriptions given hitherto. The description is divided into
subsections and descriptions of the function of the various systems.
3.1)
Electric starter dismantling
3.1.1)
Standard starter
See Fig. 80-1
◆ NOTE:
In the course of continuous development and
standardization the components (1), (2) and (3) in
figure 80-1 were replaced by the part (10).
Remove the 2 hex. nuts M5 (1) with lock washers (2) and washers (3)
or the cap nut (10) from the rear side of the ignition cover (8). The electric
starter (6) can be removed by releasing the tension clamp (7). The
electric starter is kept in position by 2 distance sleeves (4) and O-rings
(5).
◆ NOTE:
Fig. 80-1
1
2
3
8
When withdrawing the electric starter from the ignition
housing, hold the bearing flange with starter housing
and rotor bearing together. Otherwise the carbon
brushes will jump off the commutator.
10
9
4
5
6
4 5
10050
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page 5
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.1.2)
HD starter
See Fig. 80-2
Remove the 2 hex. nuts M5 (1) with lock washers (2) and washers (3)
or the cap nut (10) from the rear side of the ignition cover (6). The electric
starter (4) can be removed by releasing the tension clamp (5).
◆ NOTE:
In the course of continuous development and
standardization the components (1), (2) and (3) in
figure 80-2 were replaced by the part (10).
Fig. 80-2
10
1
2
3
9
6
7
4
8
10051
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80-00-00
page 6
February 01/2015
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.2)
Electric starter — disassembly
3.2.1)
Standard starter
See Fig. 80-3
Unscrew combined nut (23) and remove connector sheath (17) with Oring (19). Pull bearing flange (1) off the starter housing (2). Carefully pull
rotor bearing (3) a short way off the starter housing and press the
positive carbon brush (23) with the connector sheath (17) out of the rotor
bearing.
Remove brush holder (4) with the carbon brushes from the rotor (5). Pull
rotor out of the starter housing together with compensating shim (6).
Clean all parts thoroughly. See 00-00-00 sec. 10.3.
6
Fig. 80-3
5
11
23
12
1
17
19
10
19
3
18
20
15
22
14
2
13
17
4
21
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80-00-00
page 7
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.2.2)
HD starter
See Fig. 80-4
Unscrew combined nut (23) and remove connector sheath (17) with Oring (19). Unscrew allen screw (24) M5 and pull bearing flange (1) off the
starter housing (2). Carefully pull rotor bearing (3) a short way off the
starter housing and press the positive carbon brush (23) out of the rotor
bearing.
Remove brush holder (4) with the carbon brushes from the rotor (5). Pull
rotor out of the starter housing together with compensating shim (6).
Clean all parts thoroughly. See 00-00-00 sec. 10.3.
Fig. 80-4
6
5
12
23
17
19
1
11
20
19
10
24
18
3
13
16
17
23
4
14
21
2
14
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80-00-00
page 8
May 01/2007
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
3.3)
Electric starter — inspection of individual parts
See Figs. 80-3, 80-4, 80-5, 80-6, 80-8 up to 80-11
◆ NOTE:
The following work steps apply to both starter models (HD and
standard starter).
After disassembly of starter, check the following parts:
See 80-00-00 sec. 4
Rotor
Clean commutator, check for run out, carry out visual inspection, if necessary
fine machine and undercut commutator ribs (7), see Fig. 80-5. The insulation
should be 0.5 mm (.02 in.) lower than the ribs.
▲ WARNING: During this machining process, material particles are released
and could possibly be inhaled.
Check rotor at 12 or 24 Volts with test lamp between commutator (8) and iron
core (9) for connection to ground. If the lamp lights up, replace rotor.
Check rotor coils for interruption at 2 or 4 Volts and an interposed ammeter
(measuring range 60 A), see Fig. 80-6. If there are great differences between
the individual ribs, the rotor must be replaced. If the rotor shows clear signs of
overheating, replace it.
Check ball bearing (10) 6002 Z. When replacing the rotor, fit it with the closed
side facing towards the middle of the rotor (open side (11) facing outward) to
prevent abraded particles penetrating the ball bearing. Inspect gear-tooth
system (12) and radial clearance of the rotor in the rotor bearing (3).
Fig. 80-5
Fig. 80-6
9
7
8
00232
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80-00-00
page 9
July 01/2008
BRP-Rotax
Maintenance Manual
Bearings
Check bearing socket (13) and if necessary, replace the complete rotor bearing.
Carbon brushes
Carbon brushes (14) must move freely in their guides (15). Replace too short
brushes (min. length 8 mm = 0.32 "). Check spring pressure, replace hot-run
brush springs (16). Check connector sheaths (17) of the positive-pole carbon
brush (18), replace as required.
O-rings
Replace all O-rings (19) and oil seal (20) when repairing the electric starter.
Starter housing
Carry out visual inspection of the inner magnets (21) for cracks.
Studs
d02629
Carry out visual inspection of both studs (22) or allen screws (24).
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 0
80-00-00
page 10
May 01/2007
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.4)
Electric starter — reassembly
See Figs. 80-3, 80-4, 80-5, 80-6 and 80-7.
◆ NOTE:
The following work steps apply to both starter models (HD and
standard starter).
Determine the required number of compensating shims (6) for the axial
clearance, see dimension (ES08) of the rotor (5).
See 80-00-00 sec. 4.
Grease oil seal (20), the ball bearing (10) and the bearing bushing (13). Insert
rotor (5) into the bearing flange (1), fit new O-ring 62x1.5 (18) and put starter
housing (2) over rotor.
Fit the brush holder (4) with the carbon brushes (14) onto the rotor. Push
compensating shims (6) onto the rotor shaft, insert the positive-pole carbon
brush (23) into the rotor bearing and then fit the complete rotor bearing (3) with
new O-ring 62x1.5 onto the starter housing.
◆ NOTE:
Ensure correct positioning and engagement of the positioning
noses.
The HD starter is screwed together with the allen screws (24) M5x180, tightened
to a torque of 6 Nm (53 in.lb).
Fig. 80-7
d04798
Maß
dim.
ES08
6
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Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 3
80-00-00
page 11
October 01/2010
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
3.5)
Electric starter — installation
3.5.1)
Standard starter
See Fig. 80-1
Lightly grease the centering bore (9) in the ignition housing (8). Push
complete electric starter (6) with new O-rings (5) 4.7x1.4 and distance
sleeves (4) into the ignition housing (8).
◆ NOTE:
Take care that the electric starter is not pushed apart
as you do so.
Attach electric starter with lock washer (2) A5 and hex. nut (1) M5 or only
with cap nut M5 (10) to the crankcase, fix to ignition housing with a
tension clamp (7). Tighten combined nut of the plus terminal connection
to a tightening torque of 4 Nm (35 in.lb).
3.5.2)
HD starter
See Fig. 80-2
Lightly grease the centering bore (9) in the ignition housing (6). Push
complete electric starter (4) into the ignition housing (6). Tighten evenly
with washer (3), spring (2) and hex. nut (1) or only with cap nut M5 (10) and
then attach to the ignition housing with the tension clamp (5).
The allen screw (7) M5x180 is only for "internal“
attachment of the starter components. During assembly on the ignition housing, the allen screw (7) must not
be turned, as the position of the rotor bearing (8) could
be changed. The marks on the rotor bearing and on the
starter housing must correspond.
d05744
■ CAUTION:
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
80-00-00
page 12
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
4) Wear limits
◆ NOTE:
The wear limits apply to both configurations of the electric starter,
standard and HD.
Fig. 80-8
07449
08474
standard configuration
Fig. 80-9
07555
Fig. 80-10
ES
09
ES09
HD configuration
d05744
Fig. 80-11
07556
ES09
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
ES09
80-00-00
page 13
February 01/2015
BRP-Powertrain
Maintenance Manual
Description
Code
08249
Reading new
wear
limit
wear
limit
100%
50%
Readings
min
max
27,5
1,083
28,0
1,102
27,0
1,063
27,3
1,075
actual
9,77
0,3846
9,79
0,3854
9,75
0,3839
9,76
0,3843
actual
9,82
0,3866
9,84
0,3874
9,86
0,3882
9,85
0,3878
actual
Electric starter
Commutator
Armature shaft
Armature bushing
ES03
ES04
ES05
Bearing seat on
shield
ES07
Axial clearance
ES08
32,000
1,2598
0,1
0,004
32,036
1,2613
32,069
1,2626
0,4
0,016
0,4
0,016
32,053
1,2619
renewed
renewed
renewed
actual
renewed
actual
renewed
12,0
0,472
12,5
0,492
8,5
3,347
actual
Length of plus brush ES09
Length of minus
brush
12,0
0,472
12,5
0,492
8,5
3,347
actual
ES09
Radial clearance
armature shaft/
armature bushing
ES05/
ES04
0,0000
0,0000
0,03
0,03
0,012
0,07
0,11
0,0043
0,11
bearing seat on
shaft
ES06
14,997
0,5904
15,005
0,5907
14,987
0,5900
renewed
renewed
actual
renewed
actual
renewed
d05744
0,07
0,0028
0,09
Effectivity 912/914 Series
Edition 1 / Rev. 4
80-00-00
page 14
February 01/2015
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