Super Jacket - PatternMaker

PatternMaker Software
Women's SuperJacket/Dress Collection
Designer: Leena Lahteenmaki
Welcome to the PatternMaker SuperJacket/Dress Collection! By mixing and matching combinations of
necklines, pockets, lapels, sleeves, and lengths, you can create over 1000 different garments!. With
the extensive selection of options available, you can easily create anything from a breezy summer
windbreaker to an elegant evening gown to an ankle-length raincoat.
For the SuperJacket/Dress
collection you will need several of
the same measurements as for
other PatternMaker macros. Use
the standard measuring chart and
instructions that are included with
this macro package. The
illustration at the right shows the
first of two measurements dialog
When you first start the PatternMaker program, you will see a blank drawing area. To run the
SuperJacket/Dress macro, select the MACRO command from the File menu, or click on the icon which
has the word MAC. (Users of PatternMaker Basic should select OPEN from the File menu, or click the
OPEN icon.)
 PatternMaker Software and Leena Lahteenmaki
SuperJacket/Dress Collecion Rev. 1/00
SuperJacket/Dress Collection
A dialog box will ask you to select a file. Each macro is a separate file in your PatternMaker directory.
The SuperJacket/Dress macro is called SUPERJKT.MAC. Click on the name of the file, and then click
“OK”. It may take a few seconds for PatternMaker to load the macro.
You will now see a series of dialog boxes which ask questions and offer choices. To continue through
the macro, you must use your mouse to click on one of the options. If you click "Cancel," or if you click
"OK" without making a selection, the macro will abort and you will be returned to the drawing screen.
Also, be aware that you cannot move backwards through the options. You may wish to write down
which options you choose.
First you will select how much ease you want in your garment. There are 10 ease categories, from
close-fitting underwear to a loose-fitting overcoat.
The next dialog box asks you to choose a collar/neckline style. Choose one of the following:
• tailored collar
• tailored collar, round
• shawl collar
• tuxedo
• convertible collar
• mandarin collar
• jewel neckline
• raised neck
• v-shape
• asymmetrical front
All the garments in this collection have princess seams. The next dialog box gives
you the choice of drawing the seams to the armscye or to the shoulder.
Work your way through the dialog boxes, making your choices for:
• sleeve style (one-piece/two-piece/short)
• shoulder pads/no shoulder pads
• pocket style (patch/welt/buttonhole/round flap/rectangular flap/none)
Then, depending on the options you have chosen, you will see further dialog boxes for any or all of the
• pocket direction (straight/slant)
• breast pocket style (same as above)
• lapel height (bust, mid waist-bust, waist)
• single breasted/double breasted
Regardless of which garment you have selected, the macro will ask you whether the pattern pieces
should be printed with seam allowances or not, and whether you want to use inches or centimeters for
your measurements. Use your mouse or arrow keys to select your choices.
SuperJacket/Dress Collection
After you have made your choices, a dialog box will ask you for the measurements. Fill these in from
your measurement chart. Note: the field called “Jacket Length” is referring to the desired length of
your garment from the waist. You can enter any number, including “0” if you want a jacket that ends at
your waist. Remember to use decimal numbers, so 8-3/4 inches is 8.75 inches and so forth. Be
careful to enter the right numbers in the right spaces. When you are ready, click “OK” or press the
Enter key.
You may have to wait for the macro to run, especially if you do not have a fast computer. You will
know the macro is done when the hourglass cursor changes back to an arrow and the word Command:
appears on the prompt line.
If you cannot see the pattern, or if you only see part of it, press the <END>key on your
Note: Refer to the PatternMaker User's Manual for instructions on running the program and printing
the pattern pieces.
Sewing instructions for this collection are not available at this time. If you are unfamiliar with the
necessary techniques for sewing these jackets, you may wish to refer to additional sewing reference
PatternMaker Software
Measuring for Women's Macros
neck circumference
bust circumference
waist circumference
abdomen circumference
hip circumference
bust span
bust height
waist height
back length
back width
wrist circumference
outside seam
crotch depth
Measure bust height (7) and waist height
(8) around neck, double, and divide by 2.
Following are the instructions on how to measure for PatternMaker women's macros.
Don't try to take the measurements yourself. Ask someone else to take them. Stand straight but relaxed
when you are being measured. You will receive the best results if the measurements are taken over
Set 1-inch wide elastic bands around your waist and hip. Search carefully for the correct places of these
elastic bands. Keep these elastic bands on their places during the whole measuring process. Hip elastic is
fastened on the level where hip circumference is maximum. Examine whether it is on your buttocks (7-8
inches/18-20 cm below the waist) or on top of your thighs (10-12 inches/25-30 cm below the waist).
Measurements are taken from the bottoms of the bands.
Except for pants' cuff circumference and skirt/dress length, all measurements are body
measurements. DO NOT ADD ANY EASE to the measurements. The program does it for you.
Please, refer to the picture related to this measuring form.
They are crucial for good fitting patterns. After having taken all the measurements, take these important
measurements once again.
You can use either centimeters or inches. Give inches in fractions
PatternMaker Software
Women’s Measuring Chart
Name: ___________________________
Date: ___________
Neck Circumference: Measure around lowest part of neck, at the base
Bust Circumference: Marked with elastic. Measure around the fullest part of the
bust, keeping the tape high at the back
Waist Circumference: Measure waist at the elastic tape
Abdomen Circumference: Measured on the level where abdomen circumference is
Hip Circumference: Measured over the largest part of your bottom/thighs (at elastic)
Bust Span: Horizontal distance between bust apexes (also called bust bridge).
Measured along bust elastic.
Bust Height: Measure from center of back neck over shoulder to apex of one breast
WAIST HEIGHT: Measure from center of back neck over shoulder to breast apex
and from there vertically to lower edge of waist elastic. To be sure to get right
measurements, take this and bust height as a link around neck (=double) and
divide the result by 2 (see picture).
BACK LENGTH: Measure from center of back neck to lower edge of waist elastic
BACK WIDTH: hang your arms relaxed on your sides. The measurement is taken
horizontally between shoulder blades (i.e. from sleeve seam to sleeve seam), from
and to the point where your arm meets your body (but not to armpit) about 4" (10
cms) from neck downwards.
Shoulder length: Measure from neck to shoulder tip. Shoulder tip is found when you
raise your arm to horizontal position and feel where there is hollow/pit between
shoulder and arm bones. Hold your arm horizontal, if necessary, to find this point.
Waist-Abdomen: Measure vertically from lower edge of waist elastic to lower edge
of abdomen elastic. Measure at front center.
Waist-Hip: Measure vertically from lower edge of waist elastic to lower edge of hip
elastic. Measure at the side.
Biceps circumference: Measure at widest point of upper arm.
Wrist circumference: Measure over wrist bone
Overarm: Arm length from shoulder tip (as described above) to wrist. Bend arm
slightly and measure over outside of elbow.
Outside seam: Measure from waist over the outside curvature of the hip to the
desired cuff length.
CROTCH DEPTH: Sit on unpadded bench or chair. Measure vertically from waist
elastic to chair level on both sides, and use the longer measurement. Measure in a
straight line, not along the outside hip curve. (Crotch depth can also be measured
from a pair of old, well fitting pants.) Crotch depth is the difference between outside
and inside length of pants.
Desired cuff circumference, not ankle circumference
Desired jacket length from waist elastic to hem
Desired skirt /dress length from waist elastic to hem
Important things to be taken into consideration when measuring
The most important measurements are the ones written in on the measuring chart in BOLD CAPITAL LETTERS: waist
height, back length, back width, and pants' crotch depth.
If one of these four measurements is wrong, the result may be a distorted pattern and it is difficult to figure what
measurement is wrong. If some other measurement is wrong, you get either a too-tight or a too-loose garment and you
can easily see what measurement to correct and to what direction.
Figure 3: normal
Figure 2: back width
Figure 1: waist height/back length
Normally the pattern for basic sloper is more or less like Figure 1. Front and back shoulders slope downwards to shoulder
tip. Armscyes curve inward. Back armscye can be rather straight but should never bulge outward.
If the pattern is like in Figure 2 -- i.e. front armscye curves strongly inward (a) and back armscye bulges outward (b), back
width has been measured wrong and is too much. Measure back width anew.
Please note that this measuring error causes the garment to be too loose at back and too tight at front. Therefore the
situation cannot be corrected by only reducing width of back piece. The pattern must be redrawn using the correct back
width measurement.
If waist height in relation to back length is wrong (refer to Figure 3), the result is either a shoulder that slopes to wrong
direction (a) or a shoulder which is too steep (b). If you measure waist height as instructed in PatternMaker measuring
instructions i.e. double around back neck and divide the result by 2, there seldom is any error in waist height. Therefore
the error usually is in back length.
If shoulder slopes in wrong direction (a), back length is too much and if shoulder is too steep (b), back length is too little.
Change back length 2-3 cm in the needed direction and see if it is enough to correct the situation. If it looks good, you see
to which point at neck back length has to be measured to be OK.
If the subject stands in a very upright, military position with bust out and abdomen in, also waist height may be too much.
Please make sure that the subject stands in a relaxed position when she is being measured.
In some cases a steep shoulder may be due to the subject's body shape. This is the case if the subject has a very
prominent bust. And conversely, if a subject has a very flat bust and/or a very round back, the shoulder can be rather
Thus, there are cases, where the patterns are all right even if they look "odd". When the patterns are drawn according to a
person's own measurements, they should not be compared with patterns drawn according to "normal" or "average"
measurements. If you are not sure of the measurements taken, you have a very good and simple way to check them: sew
a muslin with the basic bodice patterns. If it fits on the subject, you can be sure that all other garments sewn with
PatternMaker macros will fit well.
If you get an error message:
value out of range in line …
coord (32,33,sqrt(op*op-oke*oke),-oke);
it means the measuring error is so drastic that the program is unable to draw the patterns at all. Front shoulder does not
meet armscye line. Then either back length is too little or waist height too much. It may also be that shoulder length has
some influence: shoulder length may be too short.
Also, in some other cases there may be reason for checking shoulder length measurement. If shoulder is too short, there
will be a corner inward where front and back shoulder meet at shoulder tip and vice versa.