user manual - Eastlink

Limited Warranty on Media and Manual
Dayna Communications, Inc. makes no warranty, either express or
implied for this media and manual UNLESS the Warranty Registration
Form which accompanies this product has been filled out completely
and returned to Dayna Communications, Inc. If, after returning the
completed Warranty Registration Form, you discover defects in the
media on which any software is distributed by Dayna, or the
documentation distributed with the software, Dayna will, at its sole
option, repair or replace the media or documentation free of charge,
provided you return the defective item with proof of its purchase to
Dayna Communications or an Authorized Dayna Dealer during the
ONE (1) YEAR period after your retail purchase of the software from an
Authorized Dayna Dealer.
Dayna reserves the right to revise this documentation and the software
and hardware described therein or make any changes to the
specifications of the product described therein at any time without
obligation to notify any person of such revision or change.
ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY ON THE MEDIA AND MANUAL,
INCLUDING IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ARE LIMITED IN
DURATION TO ONE (1) YEAR FROM THE DATE OF THE ORIGINAL
RETAIL PURCHASE OF THIS PRODUCT. DAYNA COMMUNICATIONS,
INC. MAKES NO WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION, EITHER
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH RESPECT TO THIS SOFTWARE, ITS
QUALITY, PERFORMANCE, MERCHANTABILITY, OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. AS A RESULT, THIS SOFTWARE IS SOLD
"AS IS" AND YOU THE PURCHASER ARE ASSUMING THE ENTIRE
RISK AS TO ITS QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE.
IN NO EVENT WILL DAYNA COMMUNICATIONS, INC. BE
RESPONSIBLE FOR DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES RESULTING FROM ANY DEFECT IN
THE SOFTWARE OR ITS DOCUMENTATION, EVEN IF ADVISED OF
THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. IN PARTICULAR, DAYNA
SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY FOR ANY PROGRAMS OR DATA STORED
IN OR USED WITH DAYNA PRODUCTS, INCLUDING THE COSTS OF
RECOVERING ANY SUCH PROGRAMS OR DATA.
THE WARRANTY AND REMEDIES SET FORTH ABOVE ARE
EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHERS, ORAL OR WRITTEN,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. NO DAYNA DEALER, AGENT, OR EMPLOYEE
IS AUTHORIZED TO MAKE ANY MODIFICATION, EXTENSION, OR
ADDITION TO THIS WARRANTY.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of implied
warranties or liability for incidental or consequential damages, so the
above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty gives
you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary
from state to state. See separate warranty information on hardware
products.
FCCRadio Frequency Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for
a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits
are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial
environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is
likely to cause interference, in which case the user will be required to
correct the interference at his own expense.
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First Edition
July, 1987
Fifth Revision
August 1989
This manual and the software described in it are copyrighted with all rights
reserved. Except in the normal use of the software or to make a backup copy of
the software described herein, neither this manual nor the software may be
copied, in whole or part, without the prior written consent of Dayna Communications@. The same proprietary and copyright notices must be affixed to any
permitted copies as were affixed to the original. This exception does not allow
copies to be made for others, whether or not sold. Under the law, copying
includes translating into another language or format. All of the materials purchased, however (with all backup copies) may be sold, given, or loaned to
another person. You may use the software described herein on any computer
owned by you, but extra copies cannot be made for this purpose.
@1989 Dayna Communications, Inc.
50 South Main Street, Fifth Floor
Salt Lake City, Utah 84144
(801)531-0600
Dayna and the Dayna Communications logo are registered trademarks and DaynaFilc is a trademark of Dayna Conununications,
other product names mentioned are trademarks or registered trademarks ofthcir respective holden.
Inc. All
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'.
Contents
About this Book
How to Use this Book
Other Requirements
What Next?
Chapter 1
About DaynaFile
File Sharing
How DaynaFile Works
DaynaFile's Components
Power Supply
Cables and Terminators
SCSI ill Switch
System Disk
Rubber Feet
Customer Registration/Extended
Dayna Translation Software
What Next?
5
7
8
Warranty
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10
11
13
13
16
17
17
17
17
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Chapter 2
Fast Track
Connecting DaynaFile to a Macintosh Computer
Daisy-Chaining DaynaFile to Other Devices
Setting the SCSI ill Switch
Powering Up
Getting Started
Reading an FDHD Disk
Reading an MS-DOS Disk
Opening an MS-DOS File
Saving a File
Copying Macintosh Data to an MS-DOS Disk
Copying Between Disks
Ejecting Disks
Shutting Down
What Next?
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25
25
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27
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28
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Chapter 3
Installing
DaynaFile
General Requirements
Installing DaynaFile as the Only SCSI Device
Installing DaynaFile as First Device
Installing DaynaFile as a Middle Device
Installing DaynaFile as Last Device
Setting the SCSI ID Switch
What Next?
30
31
33
35
36
37
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Chapter 4
Getting Started
Start-up Sequence
U sing the DaynaFile System Disk
Starting DaynaFile
Inserting MS-DOS Disks
Ejecting MS-DOS Disks
Shutting Down
What Next?
40
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42
44
45
46
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Chapter 5
Using DaynaFile
Reading an MS-DOS Disk
Reading an FDHD Disk
Opening an MS-DOS File
Saving a File
File Names
Copying Data
Initializing Disks
Erasing Disks
Problems with Disks
Examples
Questions and Answers about DaynaFile
What Next?
48
48
48
51
52
53
54
55
55
58
60
66
Chapter
Solving Problems
68
Chapter 7
Glossary
76
Appendix A
Using the Dayna Translation
Appendix B
Taking Care of DaynaFile
89
Appendix C
Service and Support
91
Appendix D
Extension Mapping
92
Appendix E
NEC Support
114
Index
115
6
Software
84
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About this Book
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This book teaches you how to install and use DaynaFile. It's not a
guide to using a Macintosh computer or any of the applications that
run on a Macintosh. We assume you are familiar with all of that. Nor
is it a guide to the ins and outs of operating systems such as MSDOS. In this book, you will learn how to connect DaynaFile to your
Macintosh computer and other SCSI devices and how to use it to
read, write and format "foreign" .disks .
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You are about to use DaynaFile™ from Dayna Communications-an
external drive that lets your Apple@Macintosh@ computer read from
and write to a variety of disk formats, including MS-DOS, Apple
FDHD (1.4MB) and the NEC format used in Japan .
•
How to Use
this Book
Chapter 1, About DaynaFile, tells you what DaynaFile is and does .
It contains diagrams and explanations of DaynaFile's parts. It also
explains all the other pieces-power supply, cables, disks, optional
Dayna Translation Software. and so on-you'll need to install
DaynaFile and get it working for you .
Chapter 2, Fast Track, will get most confident Macintosh users up
and running with DaynaFile in a matter of minutes. If you are already familiar with connecting devices to your Macintosh computer
using SCSI (Small Computer System Interface) cables and cable
terminators and you know how to use the type of disk drives found in
an IBM personal computer, this chapter could be all you need to get
started. You may be able to skip to Chapter 5, Using DaynaFile,
though you should probably skim the intervening chapters .
If you don't know what a SCSI device is, don't be alarmed to hear it
pronounced "scuzzy" but do read all of Chapters 3 through 4 .
Chapter 3, Installing DaynaFile, shows in pictures and words how
to connect DaynaFile to your Macintosh computer and to other SCSI
peripheral devices .
Chapter 4, Getting Started, steps you through the sequence for
switching on and starting DaynaFile and your Macintosh and the devices it is connected to and using the DaynaFile System Disk. It also
5
explains how to insert and remove disks from the DaynaFile drives
and shows how the screen looks when DaynaFile is in use.
After you've read the Fast Track or worked your way through
Chapters 3 and 4, you'l1 be ready to do what you bought DaynaFile
for: share data between your Macintosh and other disk formats.
In Chapter 5, Using DaynaFile, you'l1 learn how to use DaynaFile
to access data files on foreign format disks. Examples show you
how to use DaynaFile with familiar spreadsheet programs such as
Lotus 1-2-31!land Microsoft Excell!l,and word processing programs
such as WordPerfect™ and Microsoft Word. There's also a section
of commonly asked questions about using DaynaFile.
Chapter 6, Solving Problems, should help you when you are using
DaynaFile and things go wrong.
As you read'this book, refer to Chapter 7, Glossary, when you come
across a word such as SCSI or FDHD that you may not be familiar
with. If the word is not explained here, chances are you'l1 find it in a
Macintosh or IBM manual.
Appendix A, Using the Dayna Translation Software, explains
how to use our file translation program to convert MS-DOS data
files that are incompatible with Macintosh applications, and vice
versa. This is an optional product not supplied with DaynaFile but
purchased separately. You mayor may not need to buy it, depending
on the applications you plan to use. Dayna's Translation Software is
a specially-adapted version of MacLinkPlus TM from DataViz Inc.
Appendix B, Taking Care of DaynaFile, gives you our recommended guidelines for keeping DaynaFile in good working order. It
also explains about converting a single-drive DaynaFile to a dualdrive unit.
Appendix C, Service and Support explains Dayna Communications' customer service and technical support policies.
6
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Appendix D, DaynaFile Extension Mapping, describes a feature of
DaynaFile System Software version 2.1 or later that allows you to set
up a "map" to associate MS-DOS file extensions with Macintosh applications. Extension mapping allows you to double-click on an MSDOS file and launch the associated Macintosh application in one step .
Appendix E, NEe Support, explains the NEC disk formats that
DaynaFile can support for the NEC computers marketed in Japan .
The last section of the book is an Index .
• Other
Requirements
DaynaFile comes with its own power supply, System Disk, and this
guide.You'll also need the following to install, understand, and use it.
For installation
• Any Macintosh compute
with a SCSI port
(Macintosh Sl2E, Plus,
Macintosh SE series,
Macintosh II series)
• An Apple-compatible
shielded SCSI System
Cable, if DaynaFile is
connected directly to
the Macintosh, or
• An Apple-compatible
shielded SCSI Peripheral Cable, if DaynaFile is connected to
another SCSI device
For understanding
• Knowledge of most
Macintosh and some
MS-DOS terms
• Macintosh and MSDOS manuals, in case
you come across terms
you don't understand
that are not in the
glossary
For use
• Macintosh applications
and documents
• Data files on MS-DOS,
FDHDorNEC
formatted disks
• Dayna Translation
Software, if the
MS-DOS and Macintosh applications you
are using create
incompatible data fJ.les
• An Apple-compatible
shielded SCSI Cable
Terminator if
DaynaFile is the only
SCSI device, first
device, or last device
connected to the
Macintosh
7
ForMS-DOS
Support
Whatever model of DaynaFile you own, you're ready to go. Any
DaynaFile disk drive can read, write and format MS-DOS disks that
are the correct size and formatted capacity for the drive.
ForFDHD
Support
If you own a DaynaFile with a 3.5-inch 1.44MB drive, your Macintosh can read, write and format Apple Macintosh FDHD (1.4MB)
disks as well as MS-DOS disks.
ForNEC
Support
DaynaFile can also be configured with a drive that supports the NEC
formats 5.25-inch 2DD and 5.25-inch 2HD or 3.5-inch 2DD and 3.5inch 2HD. These drives are available only in Japan. Refer to Appendix E for more information.
•
What Next?
8
Read Chapter 1, About DaynaFile next for an introduction to
DaynaFile and its components. Then, if you're confident you can
install DaynaFile with a minimum of help, read Chapter 2, Fast
Track. If you need more detailed installation instructions, skip
Chapter 2 and read Chapter 3, Installing DaynaFile and Chapter 4,
Getting Started.
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Chapter 1
About DaynaFile
[
=
Chapter 1
About DaynaFile
DaynaFile is an external disk drive that allows your Macintosh computer to read, write and format a number of disk formats. The most
important of these are MS-DOS, Apple FDHD (1.4MB only) and
NEC (Japan only). This means, for example, that you can use Excel
on your Macintosh to change a spreadsheet created on a PC with
Lotus 1-2-3. Or you can use WordPerfect for the Macintosh to edit a
WordPerfect file created on an IBM Pc. Equally, you can copy
documents that have been created on your Macintosh to an MSDOS, FDHD or NEC disk so they can be accessed on another
computer.
o File Sharing
DaynaFile is a "file sharing" device. There is no need to transfer
data files from the disk to the Macintosh before you can work on
them, because DaynaFile lets the Macintosh read and write information directly on the disk itself. "Reading and writing files" is MSDOS terminology. In Macintosh terms, a data file is equivalent to a
document. Reading a file is the same as opening a document and
writing a file is the same as closing a document and saving changes.
DHow DaynaFile
Any disk you put in the DaynaFile drive appears as a disk icon on
your Macintosh screen "desktop." It behaves just like any Macintosh
disk. You can select and drag it with the mouse. You can copy files,
documents, even Macintosh applications onto it. When you open the
disk icon, its contents are displayed as folders and documents.
Works
Like any Macintosh document, these documents can be opened and
edited by a compatible application-a word processing, spreadsheet,
desktop publishing, or database management application. In some
cases, the Macintosh application can understand all the codes in a
foreign file. It can open the document directly with all its characteristics (bolding, tab settings, and so on) properly preserved. In other
cases, some of the codes don't mean anything to the Macintosh
application, and features such as paragraph breaks and centering are
lost. If you need to keep those features, then you must first "translate" the file into a form the Macintosh application can understand,
using a file conversion application such as Dayna's optional Transla10
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tion Software or Apple File Exchange. Either way, by simply inserting a disk into DaynaFile you are able to work on foreign data files,
directly or after translation, using Macintosh applications .
DaynaFile connects to the SCSI (Small Computer Systems Interface)
port at the back of your Macintosh computer. It is available as a onedrive or two-drive unit. It can accept the two disk formats (5.25-inch
360KB and 1.2MB) used by the IBM PC, XT and AT family and
compatible computers, as well as the 3.5-inch disks (720KB and
1.44MB) used by the PC Convertibles (laptops) and the IBM Personal System/2 computers .
Note
• DaynaFile's
Components
The 3.5 -inch 1.44MB disk drive also reads and writes 720KB formatted MS-DOS disks and Apple FDHD (1.4MB only) disks. The other
drives only read the formats indicated on the drive. That is, the 5.25inch 360KB drive only reads 360KB formatted disks. The 5.25-inch
1.2MB drive only reads 1.2MB formatted disks. The 3.5-inch 720KB
disk drive only reads 720KB formatted disks .
DaynaFile comes with the following .
power supply
DaynaFile
Customer Registration Card
DaynaFile Guide
System Disk
11
From the front, DaynaFile looks like this. It has one or two 5.25inch or 3.5-inch disk drives in any combination. The 5.25-inch
drive has a locking latch. The 3.5-inch drive has an eject button.
Both drives have an activity light (round or rectangular) which
flashes three times when DaynaFile is switched on and glows faintly
during operation. When a disk is properly inserted and, in the case
of the 5.25-inch drive, the latch is closed, the light comes on when
DaynaFile reads the disk or writes to it.
activity light
latch
--
--
disk drive
eject button
From the back, single and dual-drive units are alike. DaynaFile has
an on/off switch, three sockets (two SCSI ports and a power
supply socket), and a SCSI ill switch for setting its device number.
SCSI ID switch
on/off switch
c
--
[
]
SCSI ports
power supply
socket
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• Power Supply
DaynaFile has its own power supply so it doesn't have to draw power
from the Macintosh. The power supply is an external unit that plugs
into the round five-pin socket (power supply socket) at the back of
the DaynaFile. The cord is long enough for you to put the power
supply on the floor so your desk doesn't get cluttered .
• Cables and
Terminators
DaynaFile uses Apple-compatible shielded SCSI cables and Cable
Terminators to connect to your Macintosh and to any other SCSI
peripheral devices you own. SCSI is a standard communication
interface for fast data transfer between computers and peripheral
devices such as disk drives and scanners. A shielded cable uses a
metal foil wrap around the wires under the plastic coating to minimize the possibility of radio and television interference .
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Just how many and what type of cables and terminators you need
depends on how many SCSI devices other than DaynaFile you have
connected to your Macintosh. Since we can't know that, we don't
supply cables or terminators with your DaynaFile, though you can
order them from us or buy them from your dealer. Both Apple's SCSI
cables and terminators and Dayna's own SCSI Cabling System work
with DaynaFile. The SCSI Cabling System consists of a SCSI System Cable, a SCSI Peripheral Cable, and a SCSI Cable Terminator .
13
If DaynaFile is the only SCSI device or the fIrst in a chain of devices, a SCSI System Cable connects from either of the SCSI ports
on DaynaFile to the SCSI port of your Macintosh. The Macintosh
Plus, Macintosh SE series and Macintosh II series computers have
SCSI ports. The Macintosh 512E does not, unless it has been upgraded with a third-party SCSI port upgrade.
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25-pin connector
50-pin connector
Notice that the SCSI System Cable has a 50-pin and a 25-pin connector. The 25-pin connector plugs into the SCSI port on your
Macintosh and fastens with screw knobs. The 50-pin connector
attaches to the SCSI port on DaynaFile (or any other SCSI device)
with wire clips.
A SCSI Peripheral Cable lets you connect DaynaFile to other devices that also use the SCSI port on your Macintosh, including other
DaynaFiles. The cable connects from one of the SCSI ports on
DaynaFile to the input port of the next device.
50-pin connector
50-pin connector
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Connecting devices in this way is known as "daisy-chaining. " You
can daisy-chain up to seven SCSI devices to your Macintosh using
SCSI Peripheral Cables to hook one to the next along the chain .
Notice that the SCSI Peripheral Cable has two 50-pin connectors,
unlike the SCSI System Cable. Each connector has a pair of metal
brackets. You snap the wire clips on a SCSI port or SCSI Cable Terminator into these brackets for a secure fit.
Note
Some SCSI devices, such as the LoDown hard disk drive, have 25pin ports instead of 50-pin ports. If you are daisy-chaining
DaynaFile to one of these, you'll have to use a SCSI System Cable .
A SCSI Cable Terminator is an electrical connector that enhances
signals and reduces noise along your SCSI cables. You connect it to
a SCSI port on its own or to the same port as a SCSI System or SCSI
Peripheral Cable. It makes no difference. If DaynaFile is the only
device connected to the SCSI port on your Macintosh or the first or
last device in the chain, connect a SCSI Cable Terminator to it.
Note
Some SCSI devices have an internal terminator,jor example, the
Macintosh SE and Macintosh II with internal hard disk drives. If a
device has an internal terminator, you will only need one additional
terminator. Refer to the manualfor a particular device for details .
15
•
• SCSI ID Switch
When you connect more than one device to your computer through
the SCSI port, each has to have a separate identification number, so
the Macintosh can tell them apart. This is called the "SCSI device
number." On DaynaFile, you set this number using the SCSI ID
switch on the back panel. You do not have to open up DaynaFile or
make any software changes to set the SCSI device number.
By pressing either of the buttons on the switch, you can change the
number that shows in the window. The top button decreases the
number and the bottom button increases it. The factory setting is 3.
Don't change this setting if DaynaFile is the only SCSI device connected to the Macintosh. If you do change it, make sure you tum
DaynaFile off then back on again and then restart the Macintosh.
Note
If you have more than one DaynaFile connected to your Macintosh,
each one must have a different SCSI device number.
The numbers on the switch click up or down from 0 to 9, although a
maximum of seven SCSI devices can be connected to the Macintosh.
The computer itself is always identified as number 7, so you have 0
through 6 to use as device numbers. If you use 8 or 9, these are
equivalent to 0 and 1 and will cause conflict with any other devices
set to 0 or 1.
Note
16
Macintosh SEs and DaynaFile may have a SCSI device conflict if the
DaynaFile SCSIID is set to 6.
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• System Disk
The 3.5-inch System Disk supplied with your DaynaFile contains the
DaynaFile device driver and the Macintosh System and Finder .
A device driver is a program that lets a computer communicate with
a peripheral device. The DaynaFile device driver lets your Macintosh read from and write other disk formats such as MS-DOS, just as
if it were reading and writing to a Macintosh disk .
The System and Finder let your Macintosh computer manage the
DaynaFile disk drive as though it were an additional Macintosh
drive. Disks in DaynaFile are shown as icons on the desktop that you
can select, move, eject and open just like a Macintosh disk icon. A
minimum revision level of 4.2 for System and 6.0 for Finder are
needed to run DaynaFile. The System Disk contains version 6.0 (or
later) of System and 6.1 (or later) of Finder .
Rubber Feet
Included in the box with your DaynaFile is a set of four adhesive
rubber feet. Attach these to the bottom of your DaynaFile. This will
raise it off the desktop and improve ventilation inside the unit.
Customer
Registrationl
Extended
Warranty
Fill out the Customer Registration Card included with the DaynaFile
and mail it to Dayna Communications. This will guarantee that Y0tl
will be on our list of registered customers for warranty repair. You
will also get update information on DaynaFile and other Dayna
products and free copies of the Dayna newsletter. The one-year
Extended Warranty is offered as a service to our valued Dayna customers. If you want extended warranty coverage for your DaynaFile,
follow the instructions on the three-part form and return it to us .
Dayna
Translation
Software
Most computers use a standard set of codes to represent the letters of
the alphabet, numbers, punctuation marks and the other symbols
(such as @#*) found on a typewriter keyboard. Features such as
typeface, bolding, underlining, and paragraph markers, however, are
17
not represented by standard codes. Different computer operating
systems and applications can use different codes for these features.
For example, when a Macintosh application opens an MS-DOS data
file, there is no guarantee that the information in the file will appear
in its original form. Several MS-DOS programs do save files in
formats that are completely compatible with Macintosh programs.
For example, a file created with PageMake~ 3.0 or later on a PC will
be properly formatted when you open it with PageMaker 3.0 or later
on the Macintosh. Others, however, will not. Centering and bolding
may be lost, and each line may end in a paragraph break. To preserve
the original formatting features of a data file, Dayna offers optional
Translation Software to convert codes into a format that can be
recognized by the Macintosh application.
Remember that Dayna Translation Software is not required for all
MS-DOS data files. A growing number of software developers are
designing applications that create data in a format that is entirely
compatible between Macintosh and IBM or that have their own data
file conversion utility. For more information, read Appendix A,
Using the Dayna Translation Software.
• What Next?
If you understand everything in this chapter about DaynaFile, its
power supply and switches, and about SCSI devices and their cables
and cable terminators, you are ready for installation. If you're experienced with installing SCSI devices, Chapter 2, Fast Track may be
all you need to read next. If you want more detailed instructions, skip
Chapter 2 and read Chapter 3, Installing DaynaFile and Chapter 4,
Getting Started next.
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Chapter 2
Fast Track
•
Chapter 2
Fast Track
o Connecting
DaynaFiIe to a
Macintosh
Computer
This chapter is for people who are confident that they can connect
and "daisy-chain" SCSI devices properly to their Macintosh computer with a minimum of help. If you follow these brief instructions,
you should have DaynaFile installed and ready to use in a few minutes. If you run into trouble or need to see a diagram, slow down
and read Chapters 3 and 4 for complete step-by-step help. Once you
are sure DaynaFile is connected, switched on and ready, turn to
Chapter 5, Using DaynaFiIe, and start using it.
If DaynaFile is the only
Equipment
device connected to the
You'll need the following:
SCSI port of your Macintosh 512E (with SCSI up- • an Apple-compatible
SCSI System Cable
grade), Macintosh Plus,
Macintosh SE series, or
Macintosh II series com- • an Apple-compatible
SCSI Cable Terminator.
puter, follow these
instructions.
Note
Most third-party SCSI
upgrades for the 512E
attach a 50-pin connector
to your Macintosh. Therefore, the first SCSI device
attached to this Macintosh
requires a SCSI Peripheral
Cable.
Step-by-step
1. Before you try to
connect DaynaFile,
turn off the power to
your Macintosh.
2. Plug the DaynaFile
power supply into the
round five-pin socket at
the back of DaynaFile.
3. Connect the 25-pin end
of the SCSI System
Cable to the SCSI port
at the back of the
Macintosh.
4. Connect the Cable
Terminator to either of
the SCSI ports at
the back of DaynaFile.
5. Connect the 50-pin end
of the SCSI System
Cable to the unused
SCSI port or to the
Cable Terminator.
20
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o Daisy-Chaining
DaynaFileto
Other Devices
If you are daisy-chaining
DaynaFile to other SCSI
devices, including other
DaynaFiles, follow these
instructions.
Equipment
You'll need the following:
• an Apple-compatible
SCSI System Cable,
to connect the first
device to the Macintosh
• Apple-compatible
SCSI Peripheral Cables,
to connect devices
together, or SCSI
System Cable if any
peripheral device has a
25-pin port
• two Apple-compatible
SCSI Cable Terminators, one for the first
and one for the last
device in the chain,
unless they have
internal terminators.
Step-by-step
1. Turn off the power to
all devices.
2. Plug the power supply
into the power supply
socket at the back of
DaynaFile.
If DaynaFile is the
first device
3. Plug the 25-pin
connector on the SCSI
System Cable into the
SCSI port on the
Macintosh. Then connect the SCSI Cable
Terminator to one of
DaynaFile's SCSI
ports. Plug the 50-pin
connector on the SCSI
System Cable into the
SCSI Cable Terminator. Now connect
the SCSI Peripheral
Cable from the unused
SCSI port on
DaynaFile to the SCSI
port of the next device.
If DaynaFile is a
middle device
4. If DaynaFile is
connected to other
devices in the daisychain, not directly to
the Macintosh, connect
a SCSI Peripheral
Cable from the
previous device to
either of DaynaFile' s
SCSI ports. Then
connect another
SCSI Peripheral Cable
from DaynaFile's
unused SCSI port to
the SCSI port of the
next device. If any
device has a 25-pin
instead of a 50-pin
SCSI port, use a SCSI
System Cable instead
of a SCSI Peripheral
Cable.
If DaynaFile is the
last device
5. Connect the SCSI
Peripheral Cable
from the previous
device to either of
DaynaFile's SCSI
ports. Then connect
the SCSI Cable
Terminator to the
unused SCSI port on
DaynaFile.
Note
A SCSI Cable Terminator must be connected to
the last device in the
chain whether it is
DaynaFile or not, unless
that device has an internal terminator. Check
your owner's manual for
details on a particular
device.
21
e,
e
o Setting
the
SCSI ill Switch
Each SCSI device in a chain must have its own identifying number.
If DaynaFile is the only device connected to the SCSI port of your
Macintosh, it doesn't matter what this switch setting is, as long as it
isn't 7, the number always reserved for the Macintosh. You can
leave it at the factory setting of 3.
Note
If you are using a Macintosh SE, sometimes a problem occurs if you
set DaynaFile' s SCSIID to 6. Avoid using this number if you can.
If there are other SCSI devices connected, you must find out the
number of each device and set the DaynaFile SCSI ID switch to a
number that has not yet been used. If you don't do this and some
other device has the same number as DaynaFile, neither device will
be able to communicate with the Macintosh and other devices in the
chain could be affected. Check your owner's manual for details on
setting and changing the SCSI device number on individual devices.
If you have more than one DaynaFile, each must have a different
SCSI device number.
Note
o Powering
Up
When you have connected the power supply to DaynaFile and
DaynaFile to the Macintosh or other devices, follow this sequence
for starting everything up.
1. Plug the power supply into an electrical outlet and plug in the
Macintosh and any other devices.
2. Switch DaynaFile on before you startup the Macintosh, otherwise
the Macintosh will not "see" that DaynaFile is there. The drive
light(s) will flash three times when DaynaFile is powered on.
3. Switch on any other devices in the daisy-chain that are not
already on.
4. Start up the Macintosh.
22
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Note
You may want to have your
plugged into a power strip.
taneously, which will avoid
before DaynaFile has been
Macintosh, DaynaFile and other devices
This way, you can turn them all on simulthe problem of the Macintosh starting up
switched on .
Getting Started
Start using DaynaFile as follows .
1. Make a backup copy of the 3.5-inch DaynaFile System Disk.
Keep the original in a safe place .
2. Restart the Macintosh with the backup DaynaFile System Disk.
The Macintosh will recognize DaynaFile and display a welcoming
screen .
DoyneFlle System Version:
DoynoFile ROMVersion:
2.3
3.1
Copyright
1987
Dayna Communications,
Inc.
Written
by Dave O1.en and Don Park
Note
If this screen doesn't appear, the Macintosh does not know that
DaynaFile is connectedfor some reason. Check that DaynaFile was
properly connected and switched on before the Macintosh started .
Start the Macintosh again. If the screen still doesn't appear, refer to
Chapter 6, Solving Problems for help .
23
After the welcome screen, the desktop appears with the DaynaFile
startup disk icon.
3. The Macintosh will recognize DaynaFile each time it starts up as
long as the DaynaFile device driver is in the System Folder of
your startup disk. To include DaynaFile in your own System
Folder, open the DaynaFile System Disk and drag the DaynaFile
device driver to your System Folder. The icon looks like this.
G File Edit Uie~
~~~
System
3: items
Special
Folder ~~~
608K in disk
~
00
DaynaFile
(!g)
Sy stem
~
Finder
4. Be sure you also have at least version 4.2 of System and 6.0 of
Finder in your System Folder. The DaynaFile System Disk
contains System version 6.0 and Finder version 6.1 or later. We
do not recommend that you copy these versions of System and
Finder from the DaynaFile System Disk to your own System
Folder, because then you 'Ulose any customizing you have done
on your previous System.
24
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5. Put a disk in the DaynaFile drive. (With 5.25-inch drives, close
the latch.) The drive light glows and an icon for the disk appears
on the desktop after a few seconds .
Note
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•
If the disk icon does not appear, check that the disk is properly
inserted in the drive. If a system message appears instead of the disk
icon, there is a problem with your disk. Check that the disk is the
rightformatfor the drive (i.e., a 360K disk in a 360K drive). Unformatted, write-protected or damaged disks, or a disk that is almost
full can also prevent DaynaFile from reading the contents. Refer to
Chapter 6, Solving Problems for help .
6. You can now use DaynaFile for file sharing. You can open the
disk, open and edit any files it contains, and copy data to and
from the disk, all with Macintosh techniques .
D Reading an
FDHDDisk
There's nothing special you need to know or do if you are using an
FDHD disk (high density 1.4MB disk) in a 1.44MB DaynaFile
drive. The disk will appear on the desktop just like any other disk .
Cl Reading an
You can see what's on an MS-DOS disk by opening the disk icon
(double-clicking or single-clicking and choosing Open from the File
menu). A window appears in which any subdirectory on the disk is
shown as a folder and any file is shown as a document. The names
on the folders and documents are the same as the names of subdirectories and files on the disk, given by the MS-DOS software .
MS-DOS Disk
25
o Opening
an
MS-DOS File
DaynaFile lets you open an MS-DOS file in two ways. The first way
uses Extension Mapping, a "map" or table that associates MS-DOS
file extensions with Macintosh applications. If the MS-DOS file you
want to open is included in the extension map, double-clicking on
the document icon that represents the file will open the file and
launch the Macintosh application in one step.
Your DaynaFile is already set up for some common MS-DOS extensions and Macintosh applications. Provided you have the applications on your Macintosh,
clicking on ..•
DBF
PUB
WK1
WKS
WRK
will launch •..
dBASEMac
PageMaker
Excel
Excel
Excel
If you wish to customize this map to suit your exact needs, see
Appendix D, Extension Mapping, for details.
The second way to open an MS-DOS file is from within a Macintosh
application. If the MS-DOS file extension is not included in the
extension map and the file has never been opened and saved by a
Macintosh application before, you must open the MS-DOS file/rom
within the application. Here's how.
1. Open the Macintosh application by
double-clicking on its icon or
single-clicking and choosing Open
from the File menu.
3. Click the Drive button until the
DaynaFile drive appears. Subdirectories are shown as folders, data
files are shown as documents.
2. Choose Open from the File menu
within the application. A dialog box
appears so you can select the right
fite on the right drive.
4. Select the document you want to
open by double-clicking on it or
single-clicking and choosing Open.
Any file that has already been opened and saved by a Macintosh
application can be opened directly by double-clicking on its document icon, as long as you have the application on your Macintosh.
26
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Note
If you try double-clicking on afile that is not included in the extension map or has never been opened by a Macintosh application
before, you'll be told:
On application
document .
a
OK
cen't be found for this
J
You must open the file from within the application .
• Saving a File
When you save a file using Save As ... from the File menu in the application, you can save to any drive including a DaynaFile drive by
clicking the Drive button .
Depending on the application you are running, you may have several
choices of file formats too. For example, when you save a Lotus
1-2-3 spreadsheet from Excel, you can save the file as an Excel file
(Normal), a Lotus 1-2-3 file (WKS file), a SYLK file (a file format
used by Excel PC, Multiplan and others) or a Text file .
If the application you are using"does not give you the option of
saving data in a file format that is compatible with an MS-DOS
application you need, you can use the Dayna Translation Software to
translate that file into an acceptable format.
•
Copying
Macintosh
Data to an
MS-DOS Disk
You can copy any
Macintosh folder,
document or application to the MS-DOS
disk as if it were a
Macintosh disk .
1. Select the icon that
represents the document or folder you
want to copy .
2. Drag the icon over the
MS-DOS disk icon.
The Macintosh data will be stored in Macintosh format on the MSDOS disk. The names on the MS-DOS disk will look like Macintosh
names. When you put the disk in an IBM personal computer and use
the DIR (directory) command, the names of the Macintosh items will
conform to MS-DOS conventions (uppercase and up to eight characters, optionally followed by a period and three-character extension) .
27
o Copying
Between
Disks
If you own a dual-drive
DaynaFile, copying data
between disks is easy.
1. Select the icon that
. represents the file or
subdirectory you want
to copy.
2. Drag it over the icon of
the disk you want to
copy to.
The data will be copied in the correct format for the disk you are copying to. In
this way, you can use DaynaFile to copy files between different types of IBM
personal computer disk formats, for example from 5.25 inch to 3.5 inch and back.
o Ejecting
Disks
Eject disks as follows.
Note
If you have made
changes to the disk in
DaynaFile, and if you
remove the disk from the
drive without ejecting it
properly, the Macintosh
will ask you to put the
disk back in.
o Shutting
Down
1. Select the disk icon,
then choose Eject from
the File menu, use the
~ E key sequence, or
drag the disk icon to
the Trash.
There is no need to turn
1. Eject the disk(s) from
DaynaFilc off when you
the DaynaFile drive(s).
have finished using it.
However, when you do
2. If you are using the
need to shut DaynaFile
DaynaFile System
down, follow these steps.
Disk, eject it from the
Macintosh.
2. Make sure the activity
light is off, then take
the disk from the drive.
With 5.25-inch drives,
open the latch and take
the disk out. With
3.5-inch drives, press
the eject button and
take the disk out.
Warning
As with all SCSI devices,
you should never turn
DaynaFile offwhile the
Macintosh is running.
The break in communications could result in lost
or damagedfiles.
3. Turn off the DaynaFile
power switch.
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o What
28
(J
Next?
If you understand everything in this chapter, skip to Chapter 5,
Using DaynaFile. If you want more detailed installation instructions,
read Chapter 3, Installing DaynaFile. For more help with the poweron and startup sequence and with inserting and ejecting disks, read
Chapter 4, Getting Started.
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Chapter 3
Installing DaynaFile
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----
••
Chapter 3
Installing
DaynaFile
How you install DaynaFile and the equipment you need depends on
whether DaynaFile is:
• the only SCSI device
• the first of a chain of devices
• a middle device, or
• the last device
••
•
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(J
connected to your Macintosh. This chapter contains installation
instructions for all four cases.
o
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(I
at
General
Requirements
30
There are some general requirements for installing DaynaFile.
Macintosh
Computer
Cables
and Cable
Terminators
You must own a
Macintosh 5I2E (with
SCSI upgrade),
Macintosh Plus, Macintosh SE series, or
Macintosh II series
computer. These are the
only models of Macintosh computer at
present that have a
SCSI port. If you own a
Macintosh 5I2E, make
sure it has a SCSI
upgrade. If it does not,
you must upgrade it
first before you can
connect DaynaFile or
any other SCSI device
to it.
You'll need Applecompatible shielded SCSI
Cables and Cable Terminators no matter how you
plan to use DaynaFile.
These are not supplied
with DaynaFile, because
individual owner's needs
vary so much. Dayna
Communications sells all
the equipment you will
need as the Dayna SCSI
Cabling System. If you
don't have the cables and
terminators you need, you
can order them from
Dayna or buy them from
your Dayna dealer. If you
already have Apple SCSI
Cables and Cable Terminators, they will serve
just as well.
•••
<I
<I
In general, you'll need:
• a SCSI System Cable,
to connect the first
device to the
Macintosh
• a SCSI Peripheral
Cable, for each
additional device
• at least one SCSI
Cable Terminator. If
you have a chain of
devices connected to
your Macintosh, you'll
need two: one at
the start of the chain
and one at the end,
unless any of the SCSI
devices has an internal
terminator.
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• Installing
DaynaFile as
the Only SCSI
Device
Equipment
If DaynaFile is the only device connected to your Macintosh through
the SCSI port, follow these installation instructions .
You'll need the following:
• an Apple-compatible SCSI System Cable, to connect to the
Macintosh
• an Apple-compatible SCSI Cable Terminator .
Step-by-step
1. Before you try to connect DaynaFile, tum off the power to your
Macintosh .
2. Plug the power supply into the round five-pin socket at the back of
DaynaFile (power supply socket) .
•
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-,.
31
3. Connect the SCSI System Cable to the Macintosh.
• Attach the 25-pin connector on the cable to the SCSI port on
the back of the Macintosh. Tighten the screw knobs.
\
I
I~
4. Connect the SCSI Cable Terminator to one of the ports on
DaynaFile. You can connect the SCSI Cable Terminator to a port
on its own or to the same port that the SCSI System Cable will
use.
• Press the diamond-shaped wire clips towards the terminator
connector and snap them into the clip brackets.
32
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5. Connect the SCSI System Cable to DaynaFile or to the SCSI
Cable Terminator .
• Attach the 50-pin connector to the unused SCSI port on the
back of DaynaFile or to the SCSI Cable Terminator. Press the
diamond-shaped wire clips towards the cable connector and
snap them into the clip brackets .
\
• Installing
DaynaFile
as First Device
Equipment
If you are daisy-chaining DaynaFile to other devices and DaynaFile
is the first device, follow these instructions .
You'll need the following:
• an Apple-compatible SCSI System Cable, to connect
DaynaFile to the Macintosh
• an Apple-compatible SCSI Peripheral Cable, to connect
DaynaFile to the next device or another SCSI System Cable if
the device has a 25-pin instead of a 50-pin SCSi port
• an Apple-compatible SCSI Cable Terminator .
33
Step-by-step
1. Tum off the power to all devices.
2. Plug the power supply into the power supply socket at the back of
DaynaFile.
3. Connect the SCSI Cable Terminator to either of the SCSI ports on
DaynaFile.
4. Connect the SCSI System Cable from the SCSI port on the
Macintosh to the SCSI Cable Terminator.
5. Connect the SCSI Peripheral Cable from DaynaFile's unused
SCSI port to the SCSI port of the next device.
• Press the diamond-shaped wire clips towards the cable
connector and snap them into the clip brackets.
.,
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Q
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Q
8
o
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o
Note
34
Some peripheral devices, such as the LoDown hard disk drive, have
a 25-pin SCSI port instead of a 50-pin port. If this is the case with
any device you want to connect to DaynaFile, use a SCSI System
Cable and plug the 25-pin end into the device.
G
.'1
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\.
• Installing
DaynaFile as a
Middle Device
Equipment
If you are installing DaynaFile as a middle device in a chain, follow
these instructions.
You'll need the following:
• an Apple-compatible SCSI Peripheral Cable, to connect the
previous device to DaynaFile, or a SCSI System Cable if that
device requires a 25-pin connector
• another Apple-compatible SCSI Peripheral Cable or SCSI
System Cable, to connect DaynaFile to the next device .
Step-by-step
1. Tum off the power to all devices .
2. Plug the power supply into the power supply socket at the back of
DaynaFile .
3. Connect a SCSI Peripheral Cable from the previous device to
either of DaynaFile's SCSI ports .
4. Connect another SCSI Peripheral Cable from DaynaFile's
other SCSI port to the SCSI port of the next device. If the next
device has a 25-pin port instead of 50-pin port, use a SCSI
System Cable instead of a SCSI Peripheral Cable .
35
e
i
o Installing
DaynaFile
as Last Device
Equipment
If you are installing DaynaFile as the last device in a chain, follow
these instructions.
You'll need the following:
• an Apple-compatible SCSI Peripheral Cable, to connect
the previous device to DaynaFile, or a SCSI System Cable
if the device requires a 25-pin connector
• an Apple-compatible SCSI Cable Terminator.
Step-by-step
1. Turn off the power to all devices.
2. Plug the power supply into the power supply socket at the back of
DaynaFile.
3. Connect a SCSI Peripheral Cable from the previous device to
either of DaynaFile's SCSI ports. If the previous device has a 25pin port instead of 50-pin port, use a SCSI System Cable instead
of a SCSI Peripheral Cable.
4. Connect the SCSI Cable Terminator to DaynaFile's unused SCSI
port.
~.---
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..
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Note
• Setting the
SCSIID
Switch
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•
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The last device in a chain must always have a terminator, whether it
is DaynaFile or some other device. Some devices have an internal
terminator and so don't require you to connect a Cable Terminator .
Check your owner's manualfor details on individual devices .
On the. back panel of the DaynaFile is the SCSI ID switch for setting
DaynaFile's SCSI device number.
As many as seven peripheral devices can be connected to the Macintosh through the SCSI port, including more than one DaynaFile. Each
device must have its own identifying number (called the "SCSI
device number") for the Macintosh to know it is there and to distinguish it from the other devices.
.
If DaynaFile is the only device connected to the SCSI port of your
Macintosh, it doesn't matter what this switch setting is, as long as it
isn't 7. You can leave it at the factory setting of 3.
Note
If you are using a Macintosh SE, sometimes a problem occurs if you
set DaynaFile' s SCSI device number to 6. Avoid using this number if
you can .
If there are other SCSI devices connected to your Macintosh, you
must find out the number of each device and set the DaynaFile SCSI
37
••
ill switch to a number that has not yet been used. If you don't do
this and some other device has the same number as DaynaFile,
neither device will work.
If your Macintosh has an internal hard drive installed by Apple, the
SCSI device number of that drive is usually set to O.
Note
You may find that the SCSI device number on other devices is not
as easy to set as DaynaFile's device number. Switches may be
inside the device and you may also have to change a software
setting. Check your owner's manual for details on setting and
changing the SCSI device number for individual devices.
However, on DaynaFile, the numbers on the SCSI ill switch click
from 0 to 9 and back when you press the buttons. The top button decreases the number, the bottom button increases it. The Macintosh
itself is always identified as device number 7, so never set
DaynaFile to 7. A maximum of seven devices can be connected, so
you have the numbers 0 through 6 to use. The numbers 8 and 9 are
equivalent to 0 and 1. As a general practice, you should not use 8 or
9 because this will cause conflict with any other devices that have
been set to 0 or 1.
Once you have changed the switch, that's all there is to setting the
SCSI device number. Remember that if you move DaynaFile from
'one Macintosh to another, you may have to change the device number each time if there are other SCSI devices attached.
Note
If you have more than one DaynaFile connected to the Macintosh,
each must have a unique SCSI device number.
•
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41
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49
o What
38
Next?
With DaynaFile correctly connected to your Macintosh and your
other peripheral devices, turn to Chapter 4, Getting Started, to
learn the right sequence for turning on the power and the correct
way to insert and eject disks.
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Chapter 4
Getting Started
o
Chapter 4
Getting Started
o Start-up
Sequence
There are important points to know about the order in which you
should switch on DaynaFile and start up your Macintosh computer.
There are also some facts about handling the DaynaFile System
Disk and MS-DOS disks which you need to know now. This chapter
explains those things.
When you've connected the power supply to DaynaFile and
DaynaFile to the Macintosh or other devices, follow this sequence
for turning on the power and starting up all the devices.
1. Plug the DaynaFile power supply into an electrical outlet and
plug in the Macintosh and all the other devices.
.
••
<I
d)
G
••
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••
••
•
lIM»
2. Switch DaynaFile on before you startup the Macintosh, otherwise the Macintosh will not "see" that DaynaFile is there. The on/
off switch is on the back. The "I" denotes on and the "0" denotes
off.
~
•
GI
~
l8
GI)
4D
Q
o
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d)
G)
4)
o
o
4D
3. The drive light(s) (activity lights) will flash three times when
DaynaFile is switched on, and will glow faintly during operation.
Note
40
If the activity lights don't come on (or if they stay on), check all connections between DaynaFile, the power supply, and the electrical
outlet. If they still don't come on (or if they stay on) after you have
checked all the connections, refer to Chapter 6, Solving Problems
for more help.
GO
QD
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D
dO
(II)
o
41)
Gf)
(I)
4D
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4. Switch on any other devices that are not already on .
5. Start up the Macintosh .
•
Note
You may want to have your Macintosh, DaynaFile and other devices
plugged into a power strip. This way, you can turn them all on simultaneously, which will avoid the problem of the Macint(Jsh starting up
before DaynaFile is switched on .
Using the
DaynaFile
System Disk
The DaynaFile System Disk contains the DaynaFile device driver,
the Macintosh System (version 6.0 or later), and the Macintosh
Finder (version 6.1 or later). You need all three in the System Folder
of your startup disk to run DaynaFile on your Macintosh .
Before you do anything else, make a backup copy of the DaynaFile
System Disk. If you don't know how, look in the index of your
Macintosh manual under "copying disks."
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•
You can use the backup copy of the DaynaFile System Disk as a
startup disk. To start the Macintosh and the DaynaFile device driver,
simply:
• insert the backup DaynaFile System Disk into the Macintosh
drive and start up the Macintosh .
You can use any disk including a hard disk as a startup disk for
DaynaFile, as long as the DaynaFile device driver is in the System
Folder of that disk. To copy the device driver, simply:
• insert the backup DaynaFile System Disk into the Macintosh
drive, then
• select the DaynaFile device driver icon and drag it to the
System Folder .
Note
Even if you have more than one DaynaFile connected to your Macintosh, you only need one DaynaFile device driver in your System
Folder .
41
.1•
--l
The DaynaFile device driver icon looks like this:
G
File
Edit
Uie~
Special
608K in disk
DaynaFile
~
~
System
Note
o Starting
DaynaFile
Finder
You must have at least version 4.2 of System and 6.0 of Finder to
run DaynaFile. If you don't, you should get an upgrade of these applications from your Apple dealer. You should not replace your
System and Finder with those supplied on the DaynaFile System
Disk. If you do, you may find that you won't have all thefonts and
desk accessories you had in your previous System.
You can start your Macintosh with the backup DaynaFile System
Disk or with your own startup disk or hard disk, as long as it contains the DaynaFile device driver in the System Folder. When the
Macintosh starts up, it will recognize DaynaFile and display a
welcoming screen for a few seconds.
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DeyneFile System Version:
DeyneFile ROM Version:
Copyright 1987
Dsyns Communications,
1nco
Written by Dave Olsen and Don Park
42
2.3
3.1
•••
•
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8
:1
81
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Note
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If this screen doesn't appear, the Macintosh probably didn't detect
DaynaFile for some reason. First check that DaynaFile was switched
on before you started up the Macintosh. Then check all connections
to the electrical outlet, power supply, DaynaFile, and the Macintosh .
Next check that there isn't a conflict with SCSI device numbers. Then
check that the DaynaFile device driver and a minimum of System 4.2
and Finder 6.0 are in the System Folder of your startup disk. If you
are still having problems after checking all of the above, refer to
Chapter 6, Solving Problemsfor more help .
The welcome screen shows you the version number of the DaynaFile
System software and the ROM version number of the DaynaFile. If
you ever have trouble using DaynaFile, you may be asked for this information when you talk to a Dayna Customer Service representative .
Note
To keep the screenfrom disappearing, hold the mouse button down .
Release the button when you want it to disappear .
After the welcome screen, the desktop appears. The DaynaFile
startup disk icon will be there if you started the Macintosh with the
backup copy of the DaynaFile System Disk. The name, of course,
will vary .
If you installed the DaynaFile device driver on a hard disk, you'll see
only the hard disk icon. Either way, your Macintosh is now ready to
read from and write to any disk you put in the DaynaFile drive .
43
•
Inserting
Disks
With 3.5-inch DaynaFile drives, you insert the disk in the same way
that you insert disks into your Macintosh. When the disk is most of
the way in, DaynaFile automatically pulls it in the rest of the way
and "clunks" it into place.
This drawing shows you the right way to insert disks in a 5.25-inch
drive.
The disk label always faces the activity light and the latch on the
drive. Push the disk in as far as it will go, then close the latch.
When a disk is properly inserted, the activity light glows while
DaynaFile reads the contents. After a few seconds, an icon representing the disk appears on the desktop.
44
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Note
If the disk icon doesn't appear, check that the disk is properly inserted.
If you get any sort of system message instead of the MS-DOS disk icon,
there is a problem with the disk. DaynaFile cannot read a disk that is
not inserted properly, a disk that is damaged, or a disk that is the
wrong format for the drive (i.e., a 360K disk in a 12M drive). A disk
that is write-protected or almostfull can also cause problems. You'll
get various system messages if any of these things are wrong with your
disk. Refer to Chapter 6, Solving Problems for help .
DEjecting
There are two steps to ejecting a disk from the DaynaFile drive. First
you must remove the icon from the Macintosh desktop, or at least dim
the icon. Then take the disk out of the drive .
Disks
••
••
1. To remove the icon from the desktop (or dim the icon), select it
and:
• use Eject from the File menu (the icon becomes dim), or
• use the 3€ E key sequence (the icon becomes dim), or
• drag the disk icon to the Trash (the icon disappears, or if a
window is open, the icon beomes dim) .
••
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•
,
2. To take the disk out of the drive, when the activity light is out:
.
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•
• on a 5.25-inch drive, open the latch and pull the disk out
• on a 3.5-inch drive, press the eject button and pull the disk out.
Once a disk has been ejected, you must completely remove and reinsert it before DaynaFile can read it again .
Note
If you make changes to the disk in DaynaFile, then take the diskfrom
the drive before you remove itfrom the desktop, the Macintosh will
give the following message:
Please
1nsert
the d1slc:
IBH_XT
You won't be able to continue until you put the disk back in.
45
o
(»
o
Warning
o Shutting
You should make a point of not taking disks from the drive without
ejecting them properly. If you take a disk out when DaynaFile is
reading it (when the activity light is on, that is) the Macintosh may
tell you to put it back in but DaynaFile may be unable to read the
disk when you do so. If this happens, the only solution is to switch
DaynaFile off then on again and restart the Macintosh.
Down
There is no need to tum
DaynaFile off after you
have finished using it.
You can carry on using
your Macintosh and any
other SCSI devices you
have connected to it
without turning
DaynaFile off. When you
do want to shut down. at
the end of the day. for
example, or if you move
DaynaFile to another
Macintosh. follow these
steps.
1. Eject the disk(s) from
the DaynaFile drive(s).
2. If you are using the
backup DaynaFile
System Disk. eject it
from the Macintosh.
Warning
If you want to disconnect
DaynaFilefrom the
Macintosh or any other
SCSI devices, switch them
offfirst. Never connect or
disconnect DaynaFile
with the power on. Doing
so could cause damage to
the circuits in DaynaFile
or other devices on the
SCSI cable.
Note
Remember that if you
turn DaynaFile off and
turn it back on later, and
you don't restart the
Macintosh. the computer
will not "see" that
DaynaFile is there. You
must turn DaynaFile on
before the Macintosh
starts up.
o
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o
e
o
o
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o
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o
o
o
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o
o
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(])
Warning
As with all SCSI devices,
you should never turn
DaynaFile offwhile the
Macintosh is running. The
break in communications
could result in lost or
damaged files.
3. Tum off the DaynaFile
power switch.
0'
o
o
o
o
(])
(])
([)
Ej)
CO
o
CO
o
What Next?
46
Now you've covered all the basics. You're ready to start using
DaynaFile to access files on a variety of disk formats. Read Chapter
5, Using DaynaFile next.
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Chapter 5
Using DaynaFile
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Chapter 5
Using
DaynaFile
DaynaFile's remarkable file sharing features let you edit data files
on MS-DOS, FDHD and NEC disks using Macintosh applications,
and copy and store data on the disks using nothing but Macintosh
techniques. This chapter tells you how.
• Reading an
You can see what's on an MS-DOS disk in the DaynaFile drive by opening the
disk icon. You do this in the Macintosh way, by double-clicking on the disk icon
or single-clicking to select the disk and choosing Open from the desktop File
menu.
MS-DOS
Disk
When you open the disk, a window appears showing the disk's contents. Any
subdirectory on the disk is shown as a folder; any file is shown as a document.
•
File
Edit
Ulew
Special
SALES
LJ
D£ALER
&
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SALES.ACT
DeUOG£T.\II(s
DNORTH.\II<s
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It
DSALESPlC
DEAsT.\II(s
DIlEST.'I'KS
DaynaFile gives folders and documents the same names that the subdirectories
and files have on the MS-DOS disk. A subdirectory called NATIONAL will be
shown as a folder called NATIONAL. A file called PRODUCT.WKS will be
shown as a document called PRODUCT.WKS.
•
Reading an
FDHD Disk
•
Opening an
MS-DOS File
48
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You can read an FDHD (1.4MB) disk just as you would read an
MS-DOS disk: insert the disk into the DaynaFile 3.5-inch 1.44 MB
drive and wait for its icon to appear. Of course, all the Macintosh
techniques apply.
You can open an MS-DOS file using a Macintosh application
edit the data in its original format, as long as the file contains
mation that the application can understand. There are several
of making sure that the data created on one type of computer
understood by an application running on the other computer.
and
inforways
can be
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Compatible File
Formats
Some MS-DOS and Macintosh applications create data that is entirely compatible
for either computer. For example, Lotus 1-2-3 and Excel PC files created on an
IBM-compatible computer can be opened with Excel on a Macintosh, and vice
versa .
File Conversion
Some Macintosh applications include a data conversion feature. For example,
Microsoft Word 3.0 for the Macintosh has a conversion utility called DCA Conversion. This program translates MS-DOS files saved in DCA format into a form
that Word can understand .
Apple File
Exchange
Apple File Exchange is a utility that converts Text and DCA files to MacWrite
format. If you use DaynaFile software version 2.3 or later, use Apple File Exchange version 1.1.1. If you use an earlier version of DaynaFile software, use
Apple File Exchange version 1.1.
Translation
Software
Some MS-DOS applications store data in a format that Macintosh applications
cannot understand and Apple File Exchange cannot convert. Before a Macintosh
application can open these files and edit them in their original form, they have to
be converted or "translated" into an understandable form. Dayna Translation
Software (a specially adapted version of MacLinkPlus by Data Viz Inc.) translates
problem codes in MS-DOS files into a form that Macintosh applications can
understand, and vice versa .
Extension
Mapping
There are two ways to open an MS-DOS file. The fIrst way uses Extension Mapping, a "map" or table that associates MS-DOS file extensions with Macintosh
applications. If the MS-DOS file you want to open is included in the extension
map, double-clicking on the document icon that represents the file will open the
file and launch the Macintosh application in one step .
Your DaynaFile is already set up for some common MS-DOS extensions and
Macintosh applications. Provided you have the applications on your Macintosh,
clicking on •••
DBF
PUB
WKI
WKS
WRK
will launch •••
dBASEMac
PageMaker
Excel
Excel
Excel
If you wish to customize this map to suit your exact needs, see Appendix D,
Extension Mapping, for details .
49
Q
G
The second way to open an MS-DOS me with a Macintosh application is from within the application. If the MS-DOS file extension is
not included in the extension map and the me has never been
opened and saved by a Macintosh application, you must open the
MS-DOS mefrom within the application. Here's how.
1. Open the application by double-clicking on the application icon
or single-clicking and choosing Open from the desktop File
menu.
2. When the application starts, choose Open from the File menu
within the application. A dialog box appears so that you can
choose the file you want to open.
3. Click the Drive button until the DaynaFile drive containing the
file you want appears. Remember that all MS-DOS subdirectories will be shown as folders and all files as documents.
4. Step through any folders on the drive until you find the document
that represents the file you want to open. Double-click on that
document or select it and click on the Open button.
o
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o
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o
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o
o
o
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o
o
o
o
o
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o
o
o
o
o
Q
Note
Any file that has already been opened and saved by a Macintosh
application can be opened directly by double-clicking on its document icon. If you try to double-click on an MS-DOS file that has not
been opened and saved by a Macintosh application, the application
will not be able to open it. You'll get the message:
An application
document.
t
OK
um't be found for this
U
If this happens, open the applicationfirst.
application, open thefile.
50
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
Thenfrom within the
=1
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If the Macintosh application can interpret all the codes contained in
the MS-DOS file, when the file is opened, all its formatting (bolding,
centering, and so on) will be preserved. If any of these items are represented by codes the Macintosh application does not understand,
however, the document may not look right. Typically, it will contain
squares or other symbols for the codes it couldn't understand. If you
own the Dayna Translation Software, you can use it to translate the
file first and take care of this problem .
• Saving a File
When you save a file using Save As ... from the File menu within a
Macintosh application, you can give it any name and save it on any
Macintosh or DaynaFile drive. Some applications also give you
several choices of file formats to save in .
For example, when you save a Lotus 1-2-3 spreadsheet that you've
been editing with Excel, a dialog box appears which lets you save it
as an Excel document (Normal), a Lotus 1-2-3 file (WKS), a SYLK
file (a file format used by Excel PC, Multiplan™ and others), or a
Text file .
.
Edit
formula
format
Data
Options
Macro
Window
lei! HUILESI
F
D llUlIGrr .UJl:S
D l.ORN.WIlK
D I'llotl\lCf.UIKS
D SIILES,WKS
D SII!'1l'lL'llfl
Salle Worksheet
IPRDJECT.WK~
as:
o Normal
0 SYLK
OTeKt
@WKS
(g) HI-DISK
225K allailable
([soue] ~
[Cancel]
~
By clicking the Drive button, you can save the document on any
Macintosh drive or any DaynaFile drive. You can also keep the
existing name or give the file any other name you choose .
51
CIt
o
o
File Names
Because Macintosh and MS-DOS have different naming conventions, DaynaFile keeps two names for every item on an MS-DOS
disk: the Macintosh document or folder name and a valid MS-DOS
file or subdirectory name.
MS-DOS
File Names
When you are using the disk in DaynaFile, Macintosh naming conventions apply. You can give any name you want to a document or
folder. On an IBM personal computer, however, you'll see names
that conform to the MS-DOS naming conventions. DaynaFile makes
these names from the Macintosh name if the original name is too
long or contains illegal characters. MS-DOS only allows file names
that are uppercase, that contain no more than eight characters, and
that do not use spaces or "special" characters such as * ,/. When
DaynaFile must cut a file name short or omit illegal characters, it
ends the name with an ampersand "&" so you'll notice it's been
changed.
Conflicting
File Names
52
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For example, if you save an Excel document called Joe's Spreadsheet and read the disk on an IBM personal computer, you'll see the
name JOESSPR&. Whenever you see that spreadsheet on a Macintosh, however, its name will be Joe's Spreadsheet.
o
o
When DaynaFile creates an MS-DOS file name from a longer
Macintosh name, the new name might already belong to an existing
MS-DOS file. To avoid several files with the identical name,
DaynaFile will drop the last character of each file name and substitute a number, beginning with zero.
o
Examples:
Marketing
Marketing
Marketing
Marketing
Note
o
o
Budget
Supplies
Salaries
Travel
becomes
becomes
becomes
becomes
MARKETI&
MARKETIO'
MARKETIl
MARKETI2
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
!fyou supply a correct MS-DOS file name (with or without an extension) for a document you intend to read on an IBM personal computer, DaynaFile will not change it.
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o
Copying Data
Copying Macintosh Data
to the MS-DOS Disk
Copying Between
Disks
You can copy any data on
your desktop to the MSDOS disk, even Macintosh applications or
Macintosh documents that
are not intended for use
by an IBM application.
This lets you use MSDOS disks simply as
storage for Macintosh
files.
If you own a single-drive
or dual-drive DaynaFile,
you can copy data between disks.
You can copy any
Macintosh folder,
document, or application
to the MS-DOS disk in
the same way you would
copy it to any Macintosh
disk.
2. Eject the disk from
DaynaFile using Eject
from the File menu or
the ~E key sequence. The source
disk and its contents
will be dimmed.
1. Select the icon that
represents the document or folder you
want to copy.
3. Insert the disk you
want to copy to (target
disk).
2. Drag the icon over the
MS-DOS disk icon and
release the mouse
button.
source disk and target
disk until the copy is
complete.
The data will then be
copied from one disk to the
other .
Note
Single-drive DaynaFile
There is no way to copy
1. Open the icon of the
data files from one disk
disk you want to copy
format (such as 360KB) to
from (source disk).
another diskformat (such
Make sure the items you as 1.2MB) using a singlewant to copy are visible. drive DaynaFile .
4. Select the dimmed
icons that represent
the documents or
folders you want to
copy .
5. Drag them over the
icon of the target disk
and release the mouse
button .
Dual-drive DaynaFile
1. Open the icon of the
disk you want to copy
from .
2. Select the icon that
represents the document or folder you
want to copy.
3. Drag it over the disk
icon you want to copy to
and release the mouse
button.
Data is copied from one
disk to the other. You can
use DaynaFile to copy files
on disk between different
types of IBM personal
computer disk formats,
from a PC XT to a PC AT,
to a PS/2, and vice versa .
6. Follow the Macintosh's
instructions for removing and inserting the
53
• Initializing
Disks
You can use DaynaFile to initialize MS-DOS disks in the same way
they'd be formatted on an IBM-compatible computer or in a special
"Dayna fast format" which is the same as FDHD 1.4MB format.
Put an unformatted disk into a DaynaFile drive and your Macintosh
will display the following message:
II o' 'I
@
This disk is of unknown type:
Do you want to initialize it?
U
m
Eject
o Dayna
fast
[
format
Initialize
@ MS-DOSformat
If you have a DaynaFile with a 1.44MB drive, your Macintosh will
display a slightly different message. This is because your 1.44MB
DaynaFile drive allows you to format both high density (1.44MB)
and low density (720KB) disks (click on the box to remove the "X"
next to high density). If you have the 1.44MB drive, your Macintosh
will display this message:
I' @.Il
o
This disk is of unknown type:
Do you want to initialize it?
I
Eject
o Dayna fast
format
Initialize
@ MS-DOSformat
[Z] High density
Notice that for all types of DaynaFile drives, there are two possible
formats for the disk: MS-DOS format and Dayna fast format.
Initializing
in MS-DOS
Format
54
When you want to store data that both DaynaFile and an IBM personal computer can read and write, choose MS-DOS format and
click the Initialize button.
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---
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Initializing in
FDHDFormat
If you choose Dayna fast format,'both DaynaFile and an FDHD drive
will be able to read and write the disk. To initialize the disk in this
format, choose Dayna fast format and click the Initialize button .
Note
[fyou are using high density disks (see the drawing on page 62
want help determining this) and you wish use the 1.44M format,
make sure the box next to High density is checked .
o Erasing
Disks
o Problems
if you
You can erase a disk in a DaynaFile drive by choosing Erase Disk
from the desktop Special menu. The entire contents of the disk will
be removed and the disk will be reinitialized. You'l1 be asked to
choose between Dayna fast format and MS-DOS format to initialize
the disk.
Disks
Disks that are almost full or write-protected disks can cause problems
when you use them with DaynaFile. Disks that are not the right
format as your DaynaFile drives will also cause problems .
Almost Full
Disks
If you use a disk that is almost full and has never been read by
DaynaFile, the following message may appear.
with
The disk .Untitled"
desktop file
can't
n
OK
is so full
that
be created .
the
j)
The reason is that the Macintosh Finder application needs a certain
amount of disk space to create the "desktop file." This is an invisible
document that requires space although you can't see it. It contains
information the Finder needs about the contents and location of your
disks, folders, and documents. If there isn't enough room on the disk
to create the desktop file, then you'll get this message .
55
o
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To solve the problem, you must make more roorn on the disk. Put
the disk in a personal computer and move some files to another disk
or delete any files you don't want. Then insert the disk again.
Note
The amount of space neededfor the desktop varies with the number
of subdirectories andfiles on the disk.
Write-Protected
Disks
The MS-DOS term "write-protected" is equivalent to the Macintosh
term "locked." You can open write-protected disks and see their
contents, but you cannot change any information in the files. A
write-protected MS-DOS disk has a tab covering the notch on the
side of the disk. It may also be a disk that is factory write-protected
(un-notched). When you put a write-protected disk into DaynaFile
for the first time, you'll get the message:
Please unlock the disk .Untitled"
try again. The desktop file
couldn't
and
be
created.
fi
OK
D
The Finder cannot create the desktop file for a write-protected disk
that DaynaFile has never read before. If the disk has a write-protect
tab, remove the disk from DaynaFile (no need to eject), remove the
write-protect tab and put it back in the drive. This allows the Finder
to create the desktop file.
Now eject the disk, put the write-protect tab back on, and put the
disk back into DaynaFile. The disk icon will appear on the desktop
now. When you open the disk, you'll get a directory window with
the padlock symbol in the top left corner, showing you the disk is
locked.
Note
56
For full or write-protected disks (notched or un-notched), even if the
Finder cannot read the contents of a disk and create the desktop, a
Macintosh application can "see" and open any file on the disk.
Open the Macintosh application before you put the disk in
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DaynaFile, then choose Openfrom the File menu. Click through the
drives using the Drive button in the directory window until the
contents of the disk in the DaynaFile drive are displayed. Select the
document you want and double click to open it or select it and click
the Open button. The document will open in the application .
Wrong Disk
Formatfor the
Drive
The MS-DOS disks you insert in DaynaFile must match the drive
configuration of your DaynaFile. The configurations available are
5.25-inch 360KB and 1.2MB, and 3.5-inch 720KB and 1.44MB.
Your DaynaFile may contain anyone or two of these drive configurations. Your disks must be formatted to match the drive configuration of your DaynaFile .
For example, if you have a 5.25-inch 360KB DaynaFile, you must
use disks that are formatted to 360KB capacity. If you have a 5.25inch 1.2MB DaynaFile, you must use disks that are formatted to
1.2MB capacity. If you have a 3.5-inch 720KB DaynaFile, you must
use disks that are formatted to 720KB capacity .
If you insert a 360KB disk into a 1.2MB DaynaFile, or a 1.2MB disk
into a 360KB DaynaFile, or a 1.44MB disk into a 720KB DaynaFile,
you'll get the following message:
I~l
o
This disk is of unknown type:
Do you want to initialize It?
[
Eject)
o Dayna
IZI High
fast format
I
Initialize)
@ MS-DOS format
density
The only exception you will encounter is if you have a 3.5-inch
1.44MB drive in your DaynaFile. This drive allows you to use both
720KB and 1.44MB MS-DOS disks and 1.4MB FDHD disks .
When you insert an unformatted 3.5-inch disk into a 1.44MB
DaynaFile, you'll get this message:
57
o
o
o
ITj
o
This disk is of unknown type:
Do you want to initialize it?
Eject
o Dayna fast
I2l High
[ Initialize
format
I
@ MS-DOS format
density
At this point, simply click on Initialize to format the disk.
Note
Use the High density selection with caution. A 720K disk can beformatted as 1.44M but you will get thefollowing message:
[E
@.
o
o
This disk is bad.
OK
Examples
Here are two examples of popular Macintosh and MS-DOS applications that can share data using DaynaFile.
Lotus 1-2-3
and Excel
Lotus 1-2-3 file formats are entirely compatible with Excel. This
means that you can open a Lotus 1-2-3 file directly with Excel and
all the formatting and formulae will be preserved. Here's an example.
Sheldon Garfink, your company's Chief Financial Officer and an IBM PC-lover,
rushes into your office. He tells you to make some last minute changes to a
spreadsheet he's been working on in Lotus 1-2-3. It's called BUGDET. WKS in the
WKS subdirectory on his MS-DOS disk. He's running out to lunch and needs it on
his desk by the time he gets back. He drops the disk in your in-basket and leaves.
You smile that Mac-confident smile and slide his disk into DaynaFile. You click
on Excel and when it starts, choose Open from the File menu. A dialog box
appears so you can choose the document you want.
You click through the drives using the Drive button until you get to the DaynaFile
drive that contains Garfink's disk. Ah, there's his WKS subdirectory shown as a
folder! You open it and find the document called BUDGET. WKS. A quick doubleclick on BUDGET. WKS and the spreadsheet opens in Excel. All the formatting is
preserved and Garfink'sformulae are there too.
58
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You make the changes he askedfor, then Quitfrom Excel. You
choose to save the changes in WKS format and replace the existing
document. DaynaFile updates BUDGET.WKS on the DOS disk with
your changes .
Ejecting the disk from DaynaFile, you scribble "done" on a sticky
yellow note and slap it on the disk. Then you stroll down the hall and
drop it on Garfink's desk while he's still waiting in line for a table at
the restaurant .
WordPerfect
and Word 3.0
Microsoft Word 3.0 has its own file conversion utility program called
DCA Conversion. You can use it with DaynaFile to convert a
WordPerfect file saved in DCA format on an MS-DOS disk to a
format that you can edit with Microsoft Word on the Macintosh .
You're the editor of a Solar Energy newsletter, the Sun Times. The
Macintosh SE is your computer of choice, Word 3.0 is your word
processor and PageMaker is your desktop publishing program. It's
Thursday morning and you're going to press tomorrow with this
month's edition .
Amber Dawn Lee, one of your contributing writers, lives in New
Mexico and uses an IBM PC AT and WordPerfectfor the PC. She
called you yesterday and said there are major problems with her
story "Solar Power Pow-Wow" that she submitted last week. There
are too many changes to dictate over the phone . You told her to rewrite the story with WordPerfect and save the file in DCA format .
She sent you a disk with the new file by overnight mail .
Though you've already included her story in your PageMaker document on the Macintosh, you're not worried. You've got DaynaFile
and Word 3.0 and her diskjust arrived in the mail. You slip Amber
Dawn's disk into the DaynaFile drive. The disk icon appears on your
desktop. You open it and check that her file is there. Yup, there it is:
POWWOWDCA .
•
59
o
o
Now to convert it and pull it into Wordfor some editorial hacking.
You open Microsoft Word's DCA Conversion utility on your SE's
hard disk. Under the File menu you choose Convert. A directory
window appears, and you click through the Drive button until you
find the disk in DaynaFile. You select POWWOW DCA and click on
the Convert button.
The Conversion utility converts Amber Dawn's file into a document
called POWWOWRTF, a Urich text format" file that Word 3.0 can
convert to a normal Word document.
You QuitfromDCA Conversion, open Word and pull in the RTF
file. Word asks you if you want to Uinterpret" the file. You click on
Yes and wait while Word converts and opens the file.
Two hours later, you've made minor editorial changes to the story
(Amber Dawn can be a little indiscrete sometimes) and you've already placed it in the newsletter with PageMaker. You're trying to
have a quiet lunch in a wholefood restaurant round the corner, but
there's a ruckus going on. The hostess is trying to calm down some
irate guy called-sounds like uGarfunk"-who is yelling something
about waiting all day for a table.
Note
o Questions
and
Answers about
DaynaFile
Can I use DaynaFile
to erase an MS-DOS
disk?
60
If the editor in our story above had used Dayna Translation Software which converts WordPerfect files directly into Microsoft Word
and back, he could have saved himself and Amber Dawn the extra
step of converting to DCA format.
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We've included a section of commonly asked questions about
DaynaFile as a way of covering important points that don't fall into
any specific category. We hope you find this useful.
Yes. Choose Erase Disk from the Special menu.
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Can I store Macintosh applications on
an MS-DOS disk?
Yes. You can select and drag Macintosh applications to an MS-DOS
disk and run them on your Macintosh from that disk .
Can I put IBM applications on a Macintosh disk using
DaynaFile?
Yes, but remember that you won't be able to run those applications
on your Macintosh .
Can I format a disk in Yes. If you put a blank disk into a DaynaFile drive, a dialog box asks
MS-DOS format with you if you want to initialize the disk in MS-DOS format or in a
special Dayna fast format. If you choose MS-DOS format, DaynaFile
DaynaFile?
will initialize the disk in the format appropriate for the type of disk
drive, i.e. 5.25-inch 360KB or 1.2MB, or 3.5-inch 720KB. If you
have a 3.5-inch 1.44MB drive, you can format in either 720KB or
1.44MB MS-DOS formats or 1.4MB Macintosh format. You can
also initialize the disk by choosing Erase Disk from the Special
menu .
Can I format a disk in Yes. If you use 3.5-inch high density diskettes, insert the disk in a
FDHD 1.4MB format 1.44MB DaynaFile drive. Click on Dayna fast format and make sure
with DaynaFile?
the box next to High density has an "X" in it. Then click Initialize .
My PC AT lets me
format a disk for
1.2MB or 360KB .
Does DaynaFile
do the same?
No. If you have a DaynaFile with a 1.2MB drive (the equivalent of a
PC AT drive) you can only format disks for 1.2MB with that drive.
You cannot format them for 360KB.
If I format a disk for
360KB in my PC AT,
can I use that disk in
a 360KB DaynaFile?
The results are unreliable. The 360KB drive in DaynaFile is designed
to read, write and format 360KB disks that have been formatted in an
IBM PC or XT or compatible only. If you use a 1.2MB disk that has
been formatted for 360KB, DaynaFile may read the disk or it may
ask you to eject or initialize the disk.
61
Can my 1.2MB
DaynaFile drive read
360KB formattted
disks?
No. Because DaynaFile must write to the disk in order to create the
desktop file, and this could corrupt the 360KB formatted disk,
DaynaFile will ask you to eject or initialize the 360KB disk.
I have a 1.44MB
DaynaFile. Can I
format 720KB disks
with this drive?
Yes. If you have a 1.44MB DaynaFile, you can read, write and
format either 1.44MB or 720KB MS-DOS disks and 1.4MB FDHD
disks. High density diskettes are the only diskettes that can be formatted for 1.44MB. The difference between high density 1.44MB
and double density 720KB 3.5-inch diskettes is shown in the following diagram:
nOKB
1.44MB
double density
high density
1
__
•
"windows"
I have a 720KB
DaynaFile. Can I
format 1.44MB disks?
No. If you have a 720KB DaynaFile, you can read, write and format
720KB disks only.
When do I need
Dayna Translation
Software?
Only when a data file contains some codes that a Macintosh application cannot interpret, and vice versa. The best way to find out about
file formats is to consult the documentation that comes with the
application you are using. At the time of this writing, for example,
Lotus 1-2-3 and Excel files are compatible, but WordPerfect, MultiMate and WordS tar files are not compatible with MacWrite or Word
3.01. To preserve all the format characteristics of these files, you
will need to convert them with Dayna Translation Software first. As
more and more manufacturers develop programs that are compatible
for Macintosh and MS-DOS formats, the need for translation applications will diminish. You'll find a list of popular applications that
require Dayna Translation Software in Appendix A, Using the
Dayna Translation Software.
62
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I have MacLinkPlus
from DataViz Inc .
Do I need Dayna
Translation
Software?
No. Dayna Translation Software is a specially-tailored version of
MacLinkPlus. Use the "Local Mode" of MacLinkPlus to run the file
conversions.
What applications
can be translated
using Dayna Translation Software?
Items listed below are translated to and from the formats listed next to
them when you use Dayna Translation Software .
'.
,
.
dBase
Excel (WKS)
Tab Values*
Tab Text**
DIF
Excel "WKS"
Lotus
Tab Values
Tab Text
Lotus
Excel (WKS)
Tab Values
Microsoft
Works
(version 2)
Lotus
Symphony
Lotus (pIC)
PICT
(PC to Mac only)
PC Paintbrush
PICT
TIFF (Mac)
TIFF (PC)
WordPerfect
(Mac)
DCA
MultiMate
OfficeWriter
WordS tar
WPS-PlusNMS
XYWrite III
Microsoft
Word
(3.0,4.0),
Microsoft
Works
(version 2)
DCA
MultiMate
OfficeWriter
WordPerfect (PC)
WordS tar
WPS-PlusNMS
XYWrite III
MacWrite
DCA
MultiMate
OfficeWriter
Text
WordPerfect (PC)
WordS tar
WPS-PlusNMS
XYWrite III
Write Now
DCA
MultiMate
OfficeWriter
Text
WordPerfect (PC)
WordS tar
WPS-PlusNMS
XYWrite III
* Indicates numeric values separated by tab spacing .
** Indicates text characters separated by tab spacing .
63
Does DaynaFile work
with Apple File Exchange?
You can use Apple File Exchange and DaynaFile to translate MSDOS word processing files saved in text or DCA format to
MacWrite and back. If you use DaynaFile software version 2.3 or
later, use Apple File Exchange version 1.1.1. If you use an earlier
version of DaynaFile software, use Apple File Exchange version 1.1.
Before I can "share"
certain MS-DOS word
processing documents
with my Macintosh, I
need to convert them
to DCA format. How
do I do this?
Most IBM word processing applications come with file conversion
utilities that allow you to convert documents to DCA (Document
Content Architecture) format. For instructions on how to do this,
check the documentation for your word processing application. You
can usually find this information in the index under "transferring
files" or in an appendix called "Advanced File Conversion" or
"Advanced User Operations."
Does DaynaFile take
any space on an MSDOS disk?
Yes. DaynaFile and the Macintosh Finder take up disk space to
create the desktop file and the equivalent of the MS-DOS directory
on the disk. The amount of space varies with the size of the desktop
file and directory.
What version of
System and Finder
do I need?
You need at least System 4.2 and Finder 6.0. The DaynaFile System
Disk contains a minimum of System 6.0 and Finder 6.1.
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Can I startup my
No. Even if the System Folder contains the DaynaFile device driver
Macintoshfrom an
and the right System and Finder, you can't startup the Macintosh
MS-DOS disk if I put
from an MS-DOS disk in DaynaFile.
a System Folder on it?
Can I startup
DaynaFile from a
hard disk drive?
64
Yes, provided that the DaynaFile device driver and a minimum of
System 4.2 and Finder 6.0 are in the System Folder on your hard
disk.
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Will an application
on an IBM PC or
compatible recognize
any Macintosh applications on an MSDOS disk?
It might recognize them but it won't be able to run them, of course.
Do I need a Cable
Terminator if I
connect DaynaFile to
a Macintosh that has
an internal hard disk?
In any chain of SCSI devices, one SCSI Cable Terminator is required, but two are recommended. The hard disk in a Macintosh SE
or Macintosh II has a terminator built in. (Most hard disks, both
internal and external, have built-in terminators.) We recommend
you attach another to DaynaFile.
Can I use DaynaFile
to import graphics
filesfrom an MSDOS disk to a Macintosh application?
Yes. An MS-DOS application such as The Graphics Link'" from
PC-Quik Art of Athens, GA or the Macintosh application CAD
Mover'" from KANDU Software in Arlington, VA let you use
DaynaFile to open IBM-compatible graphics files with Macintosh
applications .
Can I use DaynaFile
with a factory
write-protected
(un-notched) disk?
Yes. Open the Macintosh application before you put the disk in
DaynaFile. Then choose Open from the File menu. Click through
the drives using the Drive button in the directory window until the
contents of the disk in the DaynaFile are displayed. Select the document you want and double click to open it or select it and click the
Open button. The document will open in the application .
Does DaynaFile
work when Apple's
PC 5.25 Drive is also
attached to my
Macintosh SE or II?
Yes. Both drives operate independently and therefore can be attached to the same Macintosh. Remember, however, that the
DaynaFile allows your disks to appear on your desktop at the Finder
level, while the Apple PC 5.25 Drive does not.
65
Can I run MS-DOS
application software
from my DaynaFile?
No. DaynaFile allows you to use MS-DOS datafiles with Macintosh applications. It does not let you run MS-DOS applications on
your Macintosh.
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41)
Can I use DaynaFile
as an external disk
drive for an MS-DOS
coprocessor on my
Macintosh?
Does DaynaFile work
with MultiFinder?
Yes, with some restrictions. DaynaFile doesn't let you load MSDOS, partition your hard disk, or run copy protected MS-DOS
applications. DaynaFile is seen as an external disk drive (Drive "D"
or "E") by IBM-compatible coprocessor products. For more information, refer to the documentation supplied with these products.
Yes. However, be aware that DaynaFile takes up about 70KB of
RAM. This may cause you to run out of memory when you try to
start up an application.
I)
41)
I)
I)
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8
Can I use DaynaFile
on foreign voltages
and currents?
Yes, as long as you have the correct power supply for the country
you are in. Contact Dayna's Customer Service Department at 1-801972-2000 for information if you are buying DaynaFile in the United
States and planning to use it abroad.
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Can I daisy-chain two
or more DaynaFiles?
Yes, but each DaynaFile you add must have a different SCSI device
number. Also, the first DaynaFile takes up about 70KB of RAM.
Additional DaynaFiles take up about 40KB each.
What kind of cable
connects DaynaFile to
my Macintosh 512E?
Most third party SCSI upgrades for the Macintosh 512 have a 50-pin
connector. Therefore, if DaynaFile is the first SCSI device, use a
SCSI Peripheral Cable to connect it to the Macintosh 512E.
D What Next?
At this point, that's really up to you. You've learned all the basics
about using DaynaFile. Now enjoy using it. If you run into trouble,
refer to Chapter 6, Solving Problems.
66
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Chapter 6
Solving Problems
1=1
(Q) •
I)
This disk is of unknolun typ.:
00 you Luant to initialize it.?
~
(:;. Dayna
Eject
fast
ID
format
I
I nitiali.
(9) MS-O(
Chapter 6
Solving
Problems
This chapter examines some of the problems that can occur when
you are using DaynaFile. If you have a problem that isn't explained
here, contact your Authorized Dayna Dealer for help or call Dayna's
Customer Service Department at 1-801-972-2000 between 9 a.m.
and 4 p.m. Mountain Time, Monday through Friday, and ask for
technical support.
Note
Please, only call your dealer or Dayna after you have thoroughly
read this chapter and all other relevant chapters in this guide.
Dayna can only continue to offer this telephone service if you call
with problems that are not covered in the documentation.
Disk drive light
doesn't blink three
times (or it doesn't
come on or stays on
continuously or it
only blinks once or
twice) when you turn
on DaynaFile.
DaynaFile is not receiving power
Check that:
• the power supply is plugged into a live electrical outlet
• the power supply is plugged into the round socket on the
back of DaynaFile
• the DaynaFile on/off switch is "on."
DaynaFile has been damaged or a hardware problem has occurred
If DaynaFile still isn't working after you have checked the power
connections, the unit may have been damaged or there may be
hardware problems. In this case, call Dayna's Customer Service
Department for help or place all the DaynaFile components and
accessories back into the shipping carton and return the unit to an
Authorized Dayna Dealer.
There is a conflict with SCSIID numbers.
You don't get a
DaynaFile startup
screen when you
Macintosh SEs and DaynaFile may have a SCSI ill conflict if you
connect DaynaFile set your DaynaFile SCSI ID to 6. To solve the problem, change the
to a Macintosh SE. number of the DaynaFile SCSI ID switch to something other than 6.
68
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.!
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•
You get a bad disk
icon or other error
message when you
try to start the
Macintosh with the
working copy of the
DaynaFile System
Disk.
The working copy of the DaynaFile System Disk is damaged
Use the original DaynaFile System Disk to make another working
copy. For instructions on how to do this, refer to your Macintosh
manual under "copying disks." Then try to restart the Macintosh
with this new disk. If this disk does not work, try the next remedy .
The original DaynaFile System Disk is damaged
Try to start the Macintosh with the original DaynaFile System Disk,
to find out if it is working correctly. If your Macintosh starts, open
the System Disk icon and make sure that it contains a minimum of
Finder version 6.0, System 4.2, and the DaynaFile device driver. If
the disk icon does not open or one or more of these items is missing,
call Dayna's Customer Service Department and request a replacement disk.
Your hard disk or
other SCSI peripherals will not
work after you
have connected
DaynaFile .
The device is not turned on
Make certain all SCSI devices connected to your Macintosh are
plugged in and turned on .
There is a conflict in SCSI device numbers
Check to see if two or more SCSI devices (including DaynaFile)
have the same SCSI device number. Do this by (1) checking the
number assigned to each device, or (2) disconnecting each device in
turn to see if it is affecting the operation of the other SCSI devices .
When you're checking for a duplicate number, remember that
Macintosh is always assigned number 7 and valid device numbers
are from 0 to 6. If you find that two or more devices are using the
same device number, change the number of one of the devices
according to the instructions supplied with it. Remember that if
DaynaFile is set to 8 or 9, this is the equivalent of 0 and 1.
69
I:
I
II
€D
€I)
There are too many or not enough SCSI Cable Terminators installed
in the chain
You should always have at least one but never more than two SCSI
Cable Terminators in a chain of devices, one closest to the Macintosh
and the other as far away as possible. Check the number of terminators in the chain. Check with the documentation supplied with each
device to determine which SCSI devices have internal terminators. If
more than one device other than DaynaFile has a terminator installed,
disconnect the terminator according to the manufacturer's instructions, or take the terminator off DaynaFile.
4D
ED
(J)
o
(I)
G1)
(D
(I).
@
C
@
@
~
GD
When you are
running DaynaFile,
the system "bombs"
or "hangs up" and
you are suddenly
unable to move the
cursor.
You are using the wrong version of System and/or Finder
Check that you have a minimum of Finder version 6.0 and System
version 4.2 in your System Folder.
The working copy of the DaynaFile System Disk is damaged
Use the original DaynaFile System Disk to make another working
copy. For instructions on how to do this, refer to your Macintosh
manual under "copying disks." Then try to restart the Macintosh
with this new disk. If this disk does not work, try the next remedy.
G])
(l)
(l)
«D
@
C
C
e
GD
e
@
(I)
@
@
The original DaynaFile System Disk is damaged
Try to start the Macintosh with the original DaynaFile System Disk,
to find out if it is working correctly. If your Macintosh starts, open
the System Disk icon and make sure and that it contains a minimum
of Finder version 6.1, System 6.0, and the DaynaFile device driver. If
the disk icon does not open or one or more of these items is missing,
call Dayna's Customer Service Department and request a replacement disk.
70
Gl>
@
em
CD
CD
GD
G
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o
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4)
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o
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o
o
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o
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••.1t
You put a properly
formatted DOS disk
in the DaynaFile
drive and the following message box
appears .
I' o' 'j
@
This disk is of unknown type:
Do you want to initialize it?
n
o Dayna
Eject'
fast
[ Initialize
format
@ MS-DOS
format
The disk is not properly inserted in the disk drive
Make sure you've put the disk in the drive the correct way. The disk
must be inserted with the label facing towards the drive light.
The disk is not the rightformatfor
the drive
Check to see that you have put the correct format disk in the drive .
Remember, a 360K drive can only read and write 360K disks, a
1.2MB drive can only read and write 1.2MB disks, and a 720KB
drive can only read and write 720KB disks. A 3.5-inch 1.44MB drive
can read and write both 1.44MB and 720KB disks. The diagram on
page 62 shows the difference between 1.44MB and 720KB disks.
The disk is unusable
Find out if the disk is usable by putting it into an IBM-compatible
computer drive and perfonning a directory command. If an error
message such as "Unable to read disk in drive" appears, the disk is
unusable .
DaynaFile is not working properly
If DaynaFile still does not read the disk after you have tried all of the
above, switch DaynaFile off and then back on and restart the Macintosh. If DaynaFile still won't read the disk, contact Dayna's Customer Service Department for help fixing the unit or for a return
merchandise authorization (RMA) number so you can return it to
Dayna for repair. Please do not return the DaynaFile without an RMA
number!
71
.---------------------------~
-------------
•••
You put a properly
formatted MS-DOS
disk in the DaynaFile
drive and the following message box appears.
The disk "Untitled"
desktop file
can't
n
OK
Is so full
be created,
that
the
••
••
.;•
I»
II
The disk has never been read by DaynaFile before and is too full
The first time DaynaFile reads a disk, the Macintosh Finder needs a
certain amount of disk space to create the "desktop file," an invisible
document that contains information about the location and contents
of disks, folders, and documents. If there isn't enough room on the
disk to create the desktop file, the Macintosh displays this message.
To cure the problem, put the disk in an IBM-compatible computer
and either delete any unwanted files from the disk or move some
files to another disk to create more room on the disk.
••
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••
•
I)
I)
I)
•
••
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••
I)
You put a properly
formatted MS-DOS
disk in the
DaynaFile drive
and the following
message box
appears.
PI ease unlock
try
the
di sk ..Unt it led"
again. The desktop
file
couldn't
and
be
created_
n
OK
D
The disk is write-protected and has never been opened by DaynaFile
before
I)
I)
DaynaFile cannot read a write-protected (locked) disk that it has
never read before because the Finder cannot create the desktop file.
To solve this problem, eject the disk, remove the write-protect tab
and insert the disk again. When the disk icon appears on the desktop,
eject the disk, replace the write-protect tab, and insert the disk again.
DaynaFile will now be able to read the contents of the disk. Your
Macintosh will show that the disk is locked by putting a small padlock in the top left corner of the window. You will be able to see the
files but not change them. Note that although the Finder cannot read
the disk, other Macintosh applications can. Open the application
before you put the disk in the drive, then use Open and step through
the Drive button until the disk in the DaynaFile is shown.
72
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••
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•••
••
•
You put a properly
formatted MS-DOS
disk in the
DaynaFile drive
and the following
message box appears .
OK
D
(cancel)
The desktop file has been damaged
In all cases, click the OK button. The Finder will rebuild the desktop, but you may lose some data. If you click on OK and the following message box appears:
••
••
•
•
[(
The desktop file that the Macintosh Finder creates and maintains
has been damaged for any of the following reasons:
• the disk was too full for the desktop file to be created
• you took the disk out of the drive without ejecting it first
• the disk is damaged at the location of the desktop file
• there was a previous system bomb while the disk was in
DaynaFile .
••
••
•••
••
•
•••
••
••
••
••
••
••
The dIsk "UntItled"
needs mInor
repol rs. Do you wont to repol r It?
The disk "Unt1tled" Is so full
thot
desktop fl1 e con't be created .
n
OK
the
))
There is still insufficient room for the Finder to create the desktop
file. Put the disk in an IBM-compatible computer and move or
delete some files .
A dual-drive
DaynaFile does not
recognize a disk
when you switch
DaynaFile on with
disks already in the
drives.
DaynaFile has not had time to ((see" both disks
DaynaFile goes through a complicated process to recognize and
read a disk. If there are two disks in the drives when you switch on
DaynaFile, it may not have time to recognize and read both. Remove the disk that DaynaFile didn't read and insert it again. If this
does not cure the problem, remove both disks, switch DaynaFile off
then back on, restart the Macintosh, and insert both disks one at a
time .
73
••••
(D
You put a disk in
DaynaFile and nothing happens.
No system messages
appear, and the
Macintosh "hangs"
and is incapable of
doing anything.
You put a disk in
DaynaFile and the
activity light does
not come on.
The disk is damaged
•••
Remove the disk, switch DaynaFile off then on again and restart the
Macintosh. On an IBM-compatible computer, move the files from
the damaged disk to a freshly-formatted disk. Reformat the questionable disk. If this is successful, you can move the files back to the
original disk and insert it in DaynaFile again. If the format is unsuccessful, throw the disk away.
I)
•
II
I)
•
I)
••
I)
I)
•••••
DaynaFile is not receiving power
Check that:
• the power supply is plugged into a live electrical outlet
• the power supply is plugged into the round socket on the
back of DaynaFile
• the DaynaFile on/off switch is "on."
••
••
••
••
••
••
I)
The disk is not properly inserted
Remove the disk and put it back in again to make sure it is properly
seated in the drive.
DaynaFile has been damaged or a hardware problem has occurred
If DaynaFile still isn't working after you have checked the power
connections and made sure the disk is properly inserted, the unit may
have been damaged or there may be hardware problems. In this case,
call Dayna's Customer Service Department for help or place all the
DaynaFile components and accessories back into the shipping carton
and return the unit to an Authorized Dayna Dealer. Please do not
return the DaynaFile to Dayna without receiving a return merchandise authorization (RMA) number from Customer Service first.
••
•
I)
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•
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I)
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74
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Chapter 7
Glossary
DOS
Acronym fot- Di sk Operating
S~dstem} DD~
opet-ating system for IBt"l FICs Bnd PC-co
cornputers .
eject
button
A button
on U-Ie DoynaFi 1e 3.5-i nch Iji :::k
U-HJt e ie ts a di ::J~
.
external
elisk elri va
A disk drhie tt-Iat connects
to a cornpute
i n t eg r-al p m-t 0 fit.
Day n f:l Fi 1e i san e::<t et
Glossary
activity light
The light on a disk drive that glows when DaynaFile is reading a
disk.
Apple File Exchange
A conversion program included on the Utilities diskette of all
Macintoshes shipped after Fall '87. Currently includes translators
for DCA and MacWrite, and Macintosh text and MS-DOS text files.
Apple File Exchange Version 1.0 or 1.01 only works with
DaynaFile if you rename the application. We recommend you
rename it to "AFE 1.0," but you can give it any name. Choose the
Mac to Mac menu selection to access the files in DaynaFile.
DaynaFile is also compatible with Apple File Exchange Version 1.1, but it must be named "Apple File Exchange." Use the MSDOS to Mac menu to access the files in the DaynaFile drive.
application
A synonym for "program" used by Apple and IBM.
conversion utility
A special-purpose program that can convert one file format to
another, for example Microsoft Word's DCA Conversion utility.
Customer Registration Card/Extended Warranty Form
A card included with your DaynaFile which you should fill out and
return to Dayna Communications to be sure that you are on our list
of registered customers for warranty repairs and customer bulletins.
If you wish to order the one-year extended warranty, fill out the
three-part portion of the form as instructed on the form.
daisy-chain
To connect a number of peripheral devices using a SCSI Cabling
System to hook one to the next.
data file
A file containing information created by an application on a computer. Data files are equivalent to Macintosh "documents."
76
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.
'
••
•o
o
o
o
o
••
••
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••
••
••
••
••
•••
o
•••
••
••
••
••
••
••
•
.
'
Dayna fast format
A format in which you can initialize a disk so that DaynaFile can
read and write data on it quickly. It is useful when you are using
disks to store large amounts of information from your Macintosh. A
3.5-inch high density disk initialized in this format can be read by
DaynaFile or by Apple's FDHD drive .
Dayna Translation Software
A program that runs on Macintosh computers to translate codes in an
MS-DOS datafile into a form that is understandable to a Macintosh
application, or codes in a Macintosh document into a form that is
understandable to an application on an IBM personal computer .
DCA format
Afileformat that can be created and read by a number of applications running on an IBM personal computer, such as WordPerfect.
DCA stands for Document Content Architecture .
desktop file
An invisible document created and maintained by the Macintosh
Finder, which contains the location and contents of all disks, folders
and documents on your desktop at any time .
device driver
A program that lets a computer communicate with a peripheral
device such as a laser printer or DaynaFile .
directory window
A graphical representation on a Macintosh screen of the contents of a
disk. On an MS-DOS disk in a DaynaFile disk drive, any subdirectory appears as afolder, and any datafile appears as a document .
disk drive
The mechanism that holds a disk and reads/writes information on it.
document
The Macintosh term for a datafile .
77
••••
DOS
Acronym for Disk Operating System, the term DOS is used generically in this guide for the operating systems used by IBM personal
computers and compatibles.
eject button
A button on the DaynaFile 3.5-inch disk drive that ejects a disk.
extension mapping
A feature of DaynaFile System Software 2.1 and later that allows
you to associate MS-DOS file extensions with Macintosh applications to enable you to open an MS-DOS file and launch a Macintosh
application in one step.
Extended Warranty Form
The application form for the DaynaFile extended warranty is located
behind the Customer Registration Card. If you are interested in
extending the DaynaFile 90-day warranty for an additional year, fill
out the form according to its instructions and return it to Dayna.
external disk drive
A disk drive that connects to a computer with cables instead of
being an integral part of it. DaynaFile is an external disk drive to the
Macintosh.
FDHD
Apple's Floppy Drive High Density (FDHD) that reads 720KB and
1.44MB MS-DOS disk format and all Macintosh formats. FDHD
1.4MB format is the same as Dayna fast format.
file extension
In MS-DOS naming conventions, a datafile can have an eight-character name followed by a period and three more characters. These
three characters are called the extension.
78
••
••
8)
fD
••I)
••
I)
••
I)
•
•
••
••
••
••
••
••
••
••
••
••
••
•
I)
I)
I)
I)
••
••
••
•••
••
•••
••
•••
••
••
••
•••
••
•••
••
••.,
•••
•.,
••
••
••
file format
The way in which an application stores information in a data file it
creates. Different applications may store data in different file formats. If two applications use different file formats, a file created by
one application may need to be converted using translation software
before the other application can read it.
file sharing
The ability for applications running on two different brands of
computer to read and write the same data files on the same disk .
DaynaFile allows file sharing between applications that run on Apple
Macintosh and IBM personal computers without the need for file
transfer .
file transfer
The ability to move a datafile from a disk to computer memory or
another disk. With DaynaFile, there is no need to transfer files from
an IBM personal computer disk to the Macintosh before you can
work on them, because DaynaFile is afile sharing device .
folder
The Macintosh term for subdirectory .
format
The MS-DOS term "format" is equivalent to the Macintosh term
"initialize. "
latch
Each 5.25-inch disk drive has a latch which must be turned and
locked in place before DaynaFile can access the disk.
MS-DOS
The disk operating system used on the IBM PC family and PCcompatible computers, designed by Microsoft Corporation. MS
stands for Microsoft; DOS stands for Disk Operating System .
79
••
••
••
•
NEe
DaynaFile with NEC support reads and writes both 5.25-inch and
3.5-inch 2DD and 2HD formats available in Japan. This special
DaynaFile can only be purchased through our Japanese distributor.
operating system
A group of programs that provide the basic interaction between
you and your computer.
peripheral device
Any device such as a printer, disk drive or modem that is attached
to a computer and not an integral part of it.
power supply
The external unit that supplies power to DaynaFile.
power supply socket
The round, five-pin socket on the back of DaynaFile where the
power supply plugs in.
reading a file
An MS-DOS term equivalent to "opening a document" in Macintosh terms.
ROM version number
ROM stands for Read-Only Memory. Information in ROM is permanent and does not disappear when you turn the power off. The
ROM version number identifies the version of ROM used in a
device. DaynaFile's ROM version number is displayed on the
DaynaFile welcome screen.
RTF
RTF (Rich Text Format) is the intermediate step of converting
DCA files to Microsoft Word. Files saved in DCA format are
converted to RTF (via Microsoft Word's DCA Conversion program) which can then be interpreted by Microsoft Word.
80
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•
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•
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••
•••
••
i
•o
o
o
o
i
0
D
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
••
•
o
••
•
•
•o•
••
•
rubber feet
A set of four adhesive rubber pads which, when placed on your
DaynaFile, raise it from the desktop to improve ventilation inside the
unit.
SCSI
Small Computer System Interface, an industry standard communication interface (parallel interface) that provides high-speed data
transfer with peripheral devices such as disk drives, modems and
printers. Pronounced "scuzzy."
SCSI Cable Terminator
An electrical connector that enhances signals as they travel along
SCSI cables and reduces noise.
4»
SCSI Cabling System
The components you need to connect SCSI peripheral devices to a
Macintosh computer and to each other. These components are: SCSI
Cable Terminator, SCSI Peripheral Cable, and SCSI System Cable.
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
•
••
••
•
Q
Q
SCSI device number
A unique number assigned to each peripheral device that connects to
the SCSI port of a Macintosh computer .
SCSI ID switch
The switch on the back of DaynaFile used to set the SCSI device
number.
SCSI port
A socket on the back of DaynaFile, a Macintosh computer or other
device into which a SCSI System Cable, SCSI Peripheral Cable, or
SCSI Cable Terminator plugs.
SCSI Peripheral Cable
The cable used to connect peripheral devices together in a SCSI
chain .
81
SCSI System Cable
The cable used to connect a peripheral device to the SCSI port of a
Macintosh computer.
shielded cables
Shielding is a way of reducing radio and television interference
from electronic equipment. Shielded cables have a metal foil wrap
around the wires under the plastic coating.
subdirectory
A grouping of data files in a hierarchical file system such as MSDOS uses, where files are organized like the table of contents of a
book. Subdirectories are equivalent to Macintosh "folders."
System software version number
The version number of the DaynaFile System software you are
running with the DaynaFile you are using. This number appears on
the welcome screen.
translation software
A program that can convert or translate data files from one file
format to another. The Dayna Translation Software, for example,
can convert a variety of file formats created by applications that run
on IBM personal computers into formats that can be understood by
applications running on a Macintosh, and vice versa.
welcome screen
The DaynaFile screen that appears when you start up the Macintosh
with the DaynaFile device driver in the System Folder of your
startup disk. The welcome screen shows the ROM version number
and the System software version number of the DaynaFile you are
using.
writing a file
An MS-DOS term equivalent to "closing a document and saving
changes" in Macintosh terms.
82
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•
Appendices
Appendix A
Using the Dayna
Translation
Software
o Why is translation
needed?
o How does the
translation take
place?
84
This appendix explains the Dayna Translation Software, offered as
an option to owners of DaynaFile. This program converts or "translates" codes in a data file created by an IBM application into codes
that a Macintosh application can understand, and vice versa.
Most computers represent the letters of the alphabet, numbers,
standard punctuation, and the special characters found on a keyboard (such as ! @ # $ %) by a set of common codes. Other features
of a computer file, such as tab settings, centering and underlining,
are not represented by standard codes. They may vary from computer to computer and application to application. Before an application on one sort of computer can read a file created on another sort
of computer and present that information on the screen in its full
original form, any "foreign" codes must be translated.
Automatically from
within an application
A growing number of
applications for the
Macintosh and IBM let
you save data in a
format that is completely understandable
by an application
running on either type
of computer. For
example, Lotus 1-2-3
for the IBM PC can
save spreadsheets in a
format that Excel for the
Macintosh can read
directly. And PageMaker 2.0 for the
Macintosh can save
documents in a format
that PageMaker for the
IBM PC can accept.
Using an application's
own conversion utility
Using a separate
conversion program
Some applications have
their own conversion
utility. For example,
Microsoft Word 3.0 for
the Macintosh has a DCA
Conversion program on
the Word Utilities disk
which converts an IBM
file saved in DCA format
to a Macintosh document
in a format that Microsoft
Corporation calls RTF.
This format is then automatically converted to the
normal Word format
when you open the
document with Word 3.0.
Some applications don't
let you save data in any
other format and they
don't have their own
conversion utility.
Examples are MacWrite
and Microsoft Word 1.05
for the Macintosh or
WordStar and MultiMate
for the IBM PC. If you
want to edit IBM data of
that sort with an application running on the
Macintosh (or vice versa),
you'll need to use a
separate conversion
program such as Apple
File Exchange, version 1.1, MacLinkPlus, or
Dayna's Translation
Software.
••
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• When do I need
Dayna's
Translation
Software?
If and when you need translation software depends on the applications you are
using on the Macintosh and IBM personal computer. At the time of this writing,
the following popular applications require translation software to preserve the full
format of the data .
Macintosh Software
Data Files
Dayna
Translation
Software
MS-DOS Data Files
MacWrite
Microsoft Word
WordPerfect (Mac)
Microsoft Works
Write Now
~
~
WordPerfect
WordS tar
MultiMate
DisplayWrite 3
Files saved in DCA format
MS Works
•
~
Lotus 1-2-3, Symphony
Multiplan
~
~
Multiplan, Lotus 1-2-3
An increasing number of software developers for Macintosh and IBM personal
computers are making sure that their applications can save data in a format that is
compatible with both computer systems. At present, the following applications do
not require translation .
Macintosh Software
Data Files
Excel
PageMaker 2.0, 3.0
dBASE Mac, McMax
Microsoft Word 3.01
WordPerfect 1.0
(Mac version)
MS-DOS Software
Data Files
Direct
•
•
•
•
•
~
Lotus 1-2-3, Excel PC
~
Page Maker 1.0 (PC)
~
dBASE II, III,
III+, IV
~
Microsoft Word (PC)
Files saved in DCA format
~
WordPerfect 4.2, 5.0
In addition, there are a small number of applications that have their own conversion utilities such as Word 3.0 for the Macintosh and WordPerfect 4.1 for the IBM
personal computer.
85
o
How does
Dayna's
Translation
Software Work?
Dayna's Translation Software is a custom-tailored portion of the
MacLinkPlus product from DataViz Inc. When you buy Translation
Software, you receive the Dayna Translation Software Guide
(MacLinkPlus/DaynaFile), disk and Product Registration Card. On
the disk are two items you'll need: the MacLinkPlus application and
the Dayna Translations document which contains all the settings
you'll need when you are running Dayna Translation Software.
Note
Dayna Translation Software only runs in MacLinkPlus' "local
mode." If you are using the original MacLinkPlusfrom DataViz
Inc., or if you choose not to use the Dayna Translations document
and its settings, refer to the chapter Using Local Desktop Mode in
the MacLinkPlus manualfor help creating your own settings.
Briefly, Dayna Translation Software works like this.
1. Make sure your DaynaFile is connected to your Macintosh and
powered on. Then open the Dayna Translations document or the
MacLinkP Ius application.
G
file
I:'Ill
Preferences
l.lHI
Dayna Translations
jh-frfl.
¥'1J
Maclin"
= Set
Plus'"
@O.t.Viz Inc.O"00203000
Macintosh formats
@
Binary
Comma Ualues (CSU)
Dlf
[Kcel (IlIKS)
Jazz
O1IKS)
MacBinary
Maclllrite
Translators
~
<: IHtnjtNjj
l:!
·1
I
a
"foreign"
formats
Binary
Comma Ualues (CSU)
dBase (II or III)
DCR(IBM Rellisable)
Dlf
lotus-123 (IlIKS)
MacBinar
( Clear Selection
2. Click on Set Translators
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•
••I)
I)
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•
I
to set up the translation.
3. Click on the Direction indicator to set the direction of translation:
Macintosh to "Foreign" or "Foreign" to Macintosh. Foreign, of
course, for the Dayna Translation Software, means MS-DOS files.
I)
I)
.1•
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•••
•
•
86
4. Scroll and select from each window the format you are translating
from and the format you are translating to.
G
File
f.<l1l
1."'.\
Preferences
08
fh.nl1.
Maclink
~
«> D.•t.aYil:
Macintosh
MncWrite
06
Translations
o Select
Plus'"
Files
Inc. 0.00208000
Formats
I 0
@ <'mttJ@jj
,n.
PogeMoker
Symphony
Tab TeKt
Tab Ualues
TeKt
['MSOlWord
••
'Foreign"
Formals
WordPerfect
(PCI
(WRKI
Ii
mm
, , ,
WonJstor
[ Clear
I
Selection
You have now finished setting up the translation.
5. Next, select the file(s) you want to translate. Click on Select Files.
The "from" directory window will show all the documents on the
current drive. Click the Drive button until you see the DaynaFile
drive you want. Click on the document that represents the file you
want to translate. If you want to translate more than one file at a
time, hold down the Shift key and select the others. Click the Drive
button under the "to" directory window to select the drive you want
the translated file to be created on.
"
rile
~
fdi1
Preferences
MacLink
Plus'"
m.D- 00200000
ll> D.hYU:
Macintosh
Flies
lOll
Deyoe Trnnslllltions
a ~~:nslators
<: luIt4"hf,)
MacWrile
lID lIT DISKI
o MRRKETING
..
D
D
D
D
•
~
"Foreign"
FlIes
WordPerfect
I
Oi U'P FILES
~
[
BUDGET.DDC
I NUENT.DDC
INUEST.DDC
lETIER.DOC
"1'1
II
D UPDATE-DOC
10
~
@ Select
Flies
[}
~
Conuert
~
Il;
~
I
You have now finished selecting the file(s).
87
ED
ED
ED
6. Start the translation by clicking the Convert button. You'll be
given a name for the new translated file that will be created,
which you can accept or change.
G
File
[(HI
Preferences
l.lHj
Maclinlc
Plus'.
@ Da taViz Inc. 0"
reign" Files
UonlPerfect
New File Name:
aD HLDISK
o MRRKET
l'ijiHJ RtlJilguulR,:mi
••
II
1111
Pd
On Disk: HLDISK
(to change Disk/Folder:
[
~
@ Select
Files
a ~~:nslators
00208000
Macintosh
MacWrite
~
OK
~
[
~)
Cancel 6' re-select)
[
Cancel
~
Conuert
)
~
10
~
1
7. You'll see the message Now Converting, followed by Translation Complete when the process is finished. Click the Done
button and choose Quit from the File menu to leave the Translation Software.
8. The translated file will appear as a document with the name you
accepted or gave on the drive you specified.
If you need further help with the Dayna Translation Software, read
the Dayna Translation Software Guide, MacLinkPlus/DaynaFiIe,
supplied with the application.
Note
•
••
«I)
Dayna Translations
I}w1r
I)
I)
I)
Dayna Translation Software will only work if a DaynaFile is connected to a Macintosh and is powered on.
«I)
I)
41)
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CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
tD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
tD
tD
tI»
.»
I)
••
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••
••
•••
••
Appendix B
Taking Care of
DaynaFiIe
This appendix gives advice about maintaining DaynaFile in good
order and explains how you can upgrade a single-drive DaynaFile to
a dual-drive unit.
o General
A few "good habits" in the way you handle DaynaFile will keep it
working in top condition.
Maintenance
1. Do NOT connect any device to DaynaFile or disconnect
DaynaFile from any device while the power is on. If you do, you
could damage the circuits inside DaynaFile or the other devices.
2. Do NOT turn DaynaFile off while the Macintosh is running. The
break in communications could result in lost or damaged files.
3. Make sure all SCSI cables and terminators arefirmly connected
before you turn on the power to DaynaFile or the Macintosh. With
the SCSI System Cable, make sure the screw knobs are tightened.
With the SCSI Peripheral Cable and SCSI Cable Terminator, make
sure the wire clips are snapped tightly into the metal brackets.
Loose connections can cause problems.
4. DaynaFile can be used horizontally or vertically. When its sits
horizontally on your desk, DaynaFile is vented on the top and
bottom. Do NOT block the vents with papers, books or other
devices. Do NOT put drinks on top of DaynaFile and you'll
avoid spilling anything in the vents.
5. If you use DaynaFile vertically, the air vents will be on the sides of
the unit. Keep a little airspace between the vents and any other
devices to assure proper ventilation inside the unit.
6. Put the adhesive rubber feet on DaynaFile when it arrives. This
will raise it up from the desktop and improve ventilation .
7. Do NOT pull disks out of the drive without ejecting them first.
Read Ejecting MS-DOS Disks in Chapter 4 for details .
89
o Dual-drive
Upgrade
You may have your single-drive DaynaFile converted to a dualdrive unit. There are three ways you can have this done.
1. Order an Add-on Drive from Dayna Communications that
contains the drive, all cables and hardware, and installation
instructions. We strongly recommend that you have this drive
installed by a qualified technician, otherwise you may invalidate
your warranty. If you choose to order this directly from Dayna
Communications, please refer to these part numbers:
Part Number
Description
DFOOOI
DF0002
DF0003
DF0004
5.25-inch 360KB Add-on Drive*
5.25-inch 1.2MB Add-on Drive*
3.5-inch 720KB Add-on Drive*
3.5-inch 1.44MB Add-on Drive*
* includes ribbon cables, screws, washers and installation
instructions
2. You can buy any drive on Dayna's Recommended Drive List
from an Authorized Dayna Dealer and order an Add-on Kit
containing the ribbon cables, screws, washers and installation
instructions (part number DFOOOO)from Dayna or an Authorized
Dayna Dealer. Again, we strongly recommend you have the
second drive installed by a qualified service technician.
3. You can send the unit to Dayna Communications and have the
upgrade done for you. You'll have to contact a Customer Service
technical support person first to get a Return Merchandise Authorization (RMA) number and order the drive you want. Call
1-801-972-2000 between 9:00 and 4:00 Mountain Time, Monday
through Friday and ask for technical support.
90
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•
Appendix C
Service and
Support
The Customer Service department at Dayna Communications offers
product information and technical support to any owner of a Dayna
product.
• Product
Information
and Sales
Customer Service representatives are available to give you information about DaynaFile or any other Dayna product and to take your
order. The Customer Service department publishes a newsletter to
keep you informed of improvements in existing Dayna products as
well as the new products we develop. For product information or to
place an order, call 1-801-531-0203 from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Mountain
Time, Monday through Friday and ask for Product Information and
Sales .
•
To make sure you are on Dayna's list of registered customers to
receive warranty support and other product information, fill in and
return the Customer Registration Card that was packed with this
DaynaFile Guide. Also note that a one-year Extended Warranty is
available for DaynaFile. Simply follow the instructions on the 3-part
form (located behind the Customer Registration Card) and return it
to Dayna with payment .
Customer
Registration/
Extended
Warranty
I:
•••
••
I:
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---------------------------------,
• Technical
Support
Note
Customer Service technical support personnel are experts in using all
Dayna products. They are available to help you when you run into
problems NOT COVERED IN THE DOCUMENTATION. Call
1-801-972-2000 between the hours of 9:00 and 4:00 Mountain Time
and ask for Customer Service technical support. Please have your
serial number (located on the back of DaynaFile) ready when you
call .
Please read the documentation supplied with your Dayna product
and the documentation supplied with your application software
before you callfor technical help. We can only continue to offer
telephone support if you restrict calls to problems not explained in
the documentation .
91
AppendixD
Extension
Mapping
Extension mapping is a feature of the DaynaFile System Software
(version 2.1 and above) that lets you open an MS-DOS file into a
Macintosh application by simply double-clicking on the file's document icon. Without extension mapping, you have to open the application fIrst, then open the file from within the application.
o What
Extension mapping lets you set up a "map" or table that associates
MS-DOS file extensions with Macintosh applications. For example,
a Lotus 1-2-3 file extension of WKS can be mapped to Microsoft
Excel. Excel can read and write Lotus 1-2-3's file format, so Excel
will start automatically when you double-click on a WKS file.
is
Extension
Mapping?
You can see the advantages of extension mapping from this simple
example. With a customized map of all the MS-DOS file extensions
you usually work with, opening an MS-DOS file on a disk in
DaynaFile becomes a simple one-step process.
DaynaFile comes with an extension map already set up for these
common Macintosh applications and MS-DOS file extensions.
Clicking on •••
DBF
PUB
WKI
WKS
WRK
wiIllaunch ••.
dBASEMac
PageMaker
Excel
Excel
Excel
If these don't suit your needs completely, you can customize the
map by adding, removing or changing settings.
Note
Extension mapping does not eliminate the needfor file translation. If
you associate an incompatible MS-DOS file with a Macintosh application, the application will start, but it may not be able to read the
file or the formatting may be lost.
Read on for more information about using the map and changing it
to suit your own needs.
92
I
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•
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•
• Gaining Access
to the Map
The extension map is part of the DaynaFile System Software. You
gain access to it from the DaynaFile device driver icon which you
need to have in your System Folder for DaynaFile to work with your
Macintosh .
r
•
File
Edit
lliew
Special
•
••
••
••
•••
Note
At present, your Macintosh may not have enoughfree memory to let
you gain access to extension mapping when you are running MultiFinder. If you run out of memory, run extension mapping from the
Finder .
Hold down the Option key and the ~ key and double-click on the
DaynaFile icon. The extension mapping window will appear:
93
The scrolling window on the left contains the MS-DOS file extensions. You'll see that the map is already set up for the extensions
DBF, PUB, WKl, WKS, and WRK.
The buttons on the right let you:
•
•
•
•
•
ADD an entry to the map
REMOVE an entry
EXIT from the extension mapping feature
choose APPLICATIONS to associate extensions with, or
get a HELP message explaining how extension mapping
works.
The two boxes in the middle of the window are for designating a
Macintosh "Creator" and "Type" for the MS-DOS file. You'll see
that the extension DBF has been assigned a creator named ADBM
and a type named TEXT. This means that dBASE files are set up to
launch dBASE Mac.
• Understanding
the Macintosh
"Creator" and
"Type"
Many applications in the MS-DOS world use a three-character file
extension to identify files of the same kind. For example, all files
with an extension of DBF are created and can be edited by AshtonTate's dBASE applications.
In a similar way, the Apple Macintosh uses a four-character file type
and a four-character file creator to identify documents of the same
type and contents. Instead of being part of the document's name, .
however, the file type and creator are hidden, and not normally seen
when you are using your Macintosh.
As a Macintosh user, you identify files of the same kind by their
icon. Without the hidden creator and type, however, you wouldn't be
able to double-click on a document icon and launch its application in
one step.
94
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I:
The creator determines which application will be launched when the
file is opened. It is simply the four-character Macintosh designator
for the application you want to launch when you open an MS-DOS
file. As long as you have that application on your Macintosh, the
extension mapping program will supply the creator for you .
The file type, however, involves a choice. You must select the fourcharacter file type that identifies the sort of file that the Macintosh
application will open. The type specifies the contents and format of
the file .
Example]
If you have Microsoft Word on your Macintosh, you can use the
extension mapping feature to find out what four-character creator a
Word document has and what the range of file types is. Here's what
to do .
1. Hold down the Option and:j€ key and double-click on the
DaynaFile icon to open extension mapping .
2. Click the Applications
button to open a directory window .
3. Step through your disks, drives and folders using the Drive and
Eject buttons as needed, until you find Microsoft Word. Click
on the Microsoft Word application .
Select
lin Rppliclltion
and File Type
lei! Rpplications I
<3l [Hcel
~,
1.04
I
,
I
<3l PageMaker
<3l WordPerfect
Q
3.0
n
Rpplications
CALF
DINR
IU:U
PCOD
rile
Creator:
""
~
=Hard
Disk
I
I
I
(
!:jl'cl
[
Driue
1
1
ff
Apply
B
(
Cancel)
Icon:
MSWD
types
95
o
You'll see that the creator of a Microsoft Word file is the fourcharacter name MSWD. You'll also see that there are a number of
file types that Word knows about. The four shown above are not the
only ones. The full list also includes PCOD, WDBN, GLOS, WHLP,
DICT, WSET, and WPRD.
Choosing a
File Type
If the choice seems confusing (and Microsoft Word is a typical application in the number of file types it recognizes) do not despair.
Follow this general rule:
Unless you have specific knowledge about other file types, pick
TEXT as thefile type. Even if the MS-DOSfile contains graphics,
pick TEXT.
The other file types are for files that contain information stored in
other formats. For example, WDBN is a special binary format for
Word and DICT is a dictionary file. Most Macintosh users need
never worry about any file type other than TEXT.
Exception
Since WordPerfect for the Macintosh has been released, there is an
important exception to that general rule. You must assign a type of
WPPC when you map an MS-DOS WordPerfectfile extension to
WordPerfectfor the Macintosh. If you assign a type of TEXT, thefile
will open but the formatting will be lost.
Other exceptions may occur as more applications are developed for
the Macintosh. If you need more information about file types, consult the documentation for a particular application.
o
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Viewing the Icon
Type
96
You will also notice that when you select a file type, the icon for that
file type appears in the lower right hand comer of the window. This
simply shows you what the icon looks like for that file type.
o
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•••
•
I.
The Meaning of
Type "TEXT"
You can assign a type of TEXT to most MS-DOS files that contain
information in the form of text or graphics. The name TEXT is
simply a historical quirk. When Macintosh applications were first
written with the capability of reading MS-DOS files, the only file
type they could accept was TEXT. This is because at that time, the
only way to get an MS-DOS file to a Macintosh was through a
telecommunications link. And the only file format that could be
telecommunicated was a simple text file .
These days, type TEXT is not limited to text files only. Whether you
are dealing with a word processing file, spreadsheet, graphical
illustration or database file, it is generally safe to choose TEXT as
the file type .
If you are a programmer and you know about other file types, you
can assign whatever type you need, of course. There are no restrictions on file types in the extension mapping program .
I •
97
G
o
The Map
Settings
The DaynaFile System Software comes with an extension map
already set up. Here is a full list of the settings.
MS-DOS
File Extension
MS-DOS
Application
Macintosh
Creator
Macintosh
Application
DBF
PUB
WKS
WKI
WRK
dBASE
PageMaker
Lotus 1-2-3
Lotus 1-2-3
Symphony
ADBM
ALD2
XCEL
XCEL
XCEL
dBASEMac
PageMaker
Excel
Excel
Excel
In all cases, the file type is set up as TEXT.
Note
Two very common MS-DOS file extensions-DOC and TXT-are
not unique to one MS-DOS application and present particular
problemsfor extension mapping. For example, Microsoft Word and
MultiMatefiles both have a DOC extension automatically assigned,
and other applications such as WordStar and WordPerfect can
accept any extension including DOC. For these reasons, we have not
included DOC in the extension map.
The extension TXT is normally assigned to a simple textfile that
contains no formatting codes, and most MS-DOS applications can
save afile in this format. However, MS-DOS textfiles and Macintosh
text files are not compatible. They need to be translated first, using
Apple File Exchange or Dayna Translation Software. For this
reason, we have not included TXT in the map settings.
You can add DOC and TXT to the map to suit your own needs.
If these settings are what you need, then extension mapping has
already done its best for you. Whenever you double-click on one of
these MS-DOS files on a disk in DaynaFile, the equivalent Macintosh application will be launched automatically and the file will
open.
98
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
o
o
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Q
o
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
o
o
Q
•
Q
Q
Q
Q
•
:1
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••
••
••
••
••
Note
Rn application
document •
It
OK
can't be found for this
))
You can't open the MS-DOS file without the equivalent Macintosh
application .
•
Customizing
the Map Settings
.-••
.-.•
••
•.•••
••
.-••
••
••
••
••
••
If you don't have a particular application on your Macintosh and
you double-click on one of these MS-DOS files, you'll get the message:
If the map settings don't meet all of your needs, you can easily
customize them. You can:
• change an entry
• add an entry
• remove an entry
whenever you want. The new settings will take effect immediately .
Changing an
Entry
Example 2
You can change the Macintosh creator and type associated with an
MS-DOS file extension in one of two ways. If you already know the
creator or file type, you can just type them in. If you don't, you can
use the Applications button and find them that way, as long as you
have the application on your Macintosh .
You want to change the map so that a WKS file will launch Jazz, not
Excel. You have no idea what the creator is for Jazz .
1. Make sure you have Jazz on your system .
2. Hold down the Option and ~ keys and double-click on the
DaynaFile icon to open extension mapping .
99
o
o
o
3. Click on WKS in the MS-DOS file extensions window.
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Creator:
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EHtensions
4. Now click the Applications button. A directory window appears
so you can choose your application.
Select an Rpplication
and File Type
lei! Rpplications I
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<3a Microsoft
Word 3.01
~ PageMaker
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Creator:
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Icon:
HeEL
5. Step through any disks, drives and folders using the Drive and
Eject buttons until you find Jazz. Click on Jazz to see its creator
and file types.
100
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6. To select a file type, scroll through the window in which they
appear and click on the one you want. If you don't select a file
type, whatever is set will be retained, in this case, TEXT.
7. Click the Apply button to apply the new creator (and file type).
The applications window will vanish and the file extension WKS
).Villhave a new creator, JAZZ.
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IJAZZ
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101
8. Click the Exit button. Answer Yes to the question "Do you wish
to save any changes?" The next time you double-click on a
WKS file you will launch Jazz instead of Excel.
Example 3
You decide to change the map back again so that WKS files will
launch Excel now instead of Jazz. You already know that Excel's
creator is XCEL.
1. Hold down the Option and 3€ key and double-click on the
DaynaFile icon to open extension mapping.
2. Click on WKS in the MS-DOS file extensions window.
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Q
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Creator:
WKI
(Remoue)
WRK
Type:
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[Htensions
102
B
(RPPlications)
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3. Double-click on the creator box. Type in XCEL (all upper case
letters) to replace JAZZ .
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Creator:
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Type:
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4. To change the file type, double-click on the type box and enter a
new type. In this case, there is no need to replace type TEXT
with anything else.
5. Click the Exit button. Answer Yes to the question "Do you wish
to save any changes?" The next time you double-click on a WKS
file you will launch Excel again instead of Jazz .
Note
There are two other ways you can change thefile type. One way is to
scroll through the file type window and select afile type. Another
way is to double-click on the file type box and enter what you want,
in UPPER CASE LETTERS. Remember, however, that in most cases,
it won't be necessary to change the type from TEXT to anything else.
Remember, one important exception to this general rule applies
when you map MS-DOS WordPerfectfiles to WordPeifect for the
Macintosh. You must assign a type ofWPPC. !fyou assign TEXT in
this case, the file will open but the formatting will not be preserved .
103
Adding an Entry
You add an entry to the map by typing in an MS-DOS file extension
and specifying a Macintosh creator and file type in one of two ways.
If you already know the creator and type, you can just type them in.
If you don't, you can use the Applications button and find them that
way, as long as you have the application on your Macintosh.
I
Example 4
Note
All of your MS-DOS Microsoft Word files have an extension of
DOC, so you decide to map DOC to Microsoft Word on the Macintosh. Here's how to add that entry to the map.
1. Make sure you have Microsoft Word on your Macintosh.
2. Hold down the Option and :3€key and double-click on the
DaynaFile icon to open extension mapping.
3. Click on the Add button. A window will open so you can enter
the file extension.
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••
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••
••
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••
••
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••
••
4. Type in the extension DOC (all upper case letters) and click on
OK.
5. The extension window will vanish and the map settings will
appear again with DOC added. The creator will be DAYN and
the type TEXT.
104
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01
Note
DAYN is a creator assigned by the DaynaFile software when no
creator has been specified yet.
6. Click the Applications button to open a directory window. Use
the Drive and Eject buttons as needed to search through your
disks, drives, and folders for Microsoft Word. Click on Microsoft Word .
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•••
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105
7. You'll see that the creator for Microsoft Word is MSWD. Click
on the Apply button to apply the new creator to DOC files. The
directory window will vanish and the map will appear with the
creator MSWD in place ofDAYN.
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8. Click on the Exit button. Answer Yes to the question "Do you
wish to save any changes?" The next time you restart your
Macintosh, you'll be able to click on a DOC file and launch
Microsoft Word automatically.
o
o
o
o
o
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Note
Remember that you can specify any file type you want when you add
an entry to the map, but TEXT is usually all you need.
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106
•
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Removing an
Entry
ExampleS
It's a simple process to remove an entry from the map. Just pick
the MS-DOS file extension you want and click on the Remove
button.
You are having trouble with DOC files because MultiMate uses this
extension as well as Microsoft Word for the PC, and MultiMate files
are not compatible with Word for the Macintosh. You decide to
delete DOC from the map. Here's how.
1. Hold down the Option and ~ key and double-click on the
DaynaFile icon to open extension mapping.
2. Click on DOC in the file extension window.
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3. Click on the Remove button. You'll be asked to confirm that
you do want to delete that entry.
107
r
,
4. Click on Yes to confirm. The entry will be deleted from the
extension mapping table.
Note
The entry is deletedfrom the map immediately and the changes to
the map settings go into effect immediately as well.
Saving Changes
Once you save your changes, they go into effect immediately. If you
don't wish to save your changes, be sure to click on Cancel or No
to indicate this.
••
••
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••
•••
••
••
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•••
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Example 6
In the previous example, you deleted DOC from the extension map.
You want to quit from extension mapping now and save the changes
you have made. Here's how.
1. Click on the Exit button. A message will appear asking if you
want to save your changes.
108
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2. Click on Yes. The changes are recorded, extension mapping
closes down and you are returned to the Macintosh desktop .
4'
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41
41
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Note
Of course, if you decide not to save any of the changes you have
made to the extension map, just click the No button, and the settings
will stay the way they were .
3. The changes you have saved will now be in effect.
••
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41
4•
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4.
41
41
4•
•
109
•
Problems?
This section is here to help you solve any problems you might have
with extension mapping. Remember these points when you are
customizing and using the extension map and you'll avoid some
common mistakes.
1. Extension mapping does not remove the need for file translation
when you are working with incompatible files and applications.
If you map an MS-DOS file extension to an incompatible Macintosh application, the application may not start when you doubleclick on the file. If it does start, the file will be unformatted and
sprinkled with unintelligible codes.
For information about data file compatibility, refer to Appendix
A, Using the Dayna Translation Software.
2. Extension mapping does not change your data files in any way. If
you map a certain extension to a Macintosh application and you
find that you've made a mistake, just change the setting again.
3. The extension mapping program cannot check that the creator or
file type you assign are valid. If you misspell or mistype a creator, for example EXCL instead of XCEL, you'll get no warnings
from the program, but Excel won't start when you click on a
WKS file.
4. When you add entries to the map, we recommend that you assign
a type of TEXT unless you have specific knowledge about other
file types. At this time, we know of one exception to this recommendation. You must assign a type ofWPPC when you map an
MS-DOS WordPerfectfile to WordPerfectfor the Macintosh. If
you assign a type of TEXT, the file will open but theformatting
will be lost.
110
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5. You must always type the creator and file type in UPPER CASE
LETTERS. If you don't, the Macintosh application will not be
found when you click on the MS-DOS document icon .
6. If you cannot get extension mapping to open when you hold
down the Option and :3€ keys and double-click on the
DaynaFile icon, make sure you are using DaynaFile System
Software version 2.1 or later. The version number is printed on
your DaynaFile system disk when it appears on your Macintosh
desktop .
7. At present, DaynaFile is compatible with MultiFinder. Use
extension mapping as you would any other Macintosh application .
8. Click on the Help button for a quick reminder about extension
mapping and how it works.
9. Extension mapping only works on MS-DOS formatted data files
that were created on an IBM personal computer or compatible
by an MS-DOS application .
As obvious as it may seem, we need to state that you cannot use
extension mapping on Macintosh documents or on any MSDOS file that has been saved by a Macintosh application. Even
if you give a Macintosh document an MS-DOS name, for example naming an Excel document SPRED.WKS, you cannot
map that document to another Macintosh application such as
Jazz. Likewise, if you save an Excel document in WKS format,
it will still be "mapped" to E)(cel.
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111
E![)
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Note on
Copying Files
Whenever you copy an MS-DOS file, the Macintosh creator and file
type currently assigned to that file are permanently frozen in the
copy. Whether you:
• duplicate the file
• copy the file to any Macintosh disk
• copy the file from one MS-DOS disk to another within
DaynaFile,
the copy carries a Macintosh creator and file type that reflect the
current extension map settings. If you change the map settings, the
creator and file type will not change for the copied file.
Example 7
Your current extension map associates WKS files with Excel. When
you double-click on a WKS file on an MS-DOS disk in DaynaFile,
Excel will be launched.
1. You copy a WKS file from the MS-DOS disk to your Macintosh hard disk. Any time you double-click on that file, Excel is
launched and the file opens.
2. You change the extension map settings so that WKS is mapped
to Jazz instead of Excel and you restart your Macintosh.
3. Now when you double-click on a WKS file on the MS-DOS
disk in DaynaFile, Jazz will be launched instead of Excel. When
you double-click on the WKS file you copied to your Macintosh
hard disk, however, Excel will still be launched.
Of course, you can still edit that file with Jazz by opening Jazz first,
then opening the file from within the application.
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If you want to remove the old Macintosh creator and file type from
the file, you'll have to:
.1
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••
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••
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• copy the file from your Macintosh disk back to the MS-DOS
disk
• take the disk out of DaynaFile to art IBM PC or compatible
• edit the file with Lotus 1-2-3 and save it back to the disk
• put the disk back in DaynaFile
• copy the file back to your Macintosh drive again .
.1
••
••
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113
AppendixE
NEe Support
NEC support for DaynaFile is available in Japan only. If you are in
Japan and you wish to order an NEC drive for DaynaFile, you must
contact our distributor in Japan. Contact Dayna's International Sales
representative at (801-531-0203) for this information.
• NEe Formats
DaynaFile supports the following NEC disk formats:
• 5.25 inch low density formats (2DD)
• 5.25 inch high density format (2HD)
•• 3.5 inch low density formats (2DD)
• 3.5 inch high density format (2HD)
NEC format drives for DaynaFile are only available through our
Japanese distributor. NEC support for DaynaFile refers to the Japanese NEC format. NEC computers in the United States use MS-DOS
formatted disks.
:1•
••
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•
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114
Index
A
activity light 12,40,44, 76
almost-full disks 55, 72
Apple File Exchange 49,64, 76,84
B
backing up the DaynaFile System Disk 23,41
C
Cable Terminator - see SCSI Cable Terminator
conversion utility 18,49, 76,84
copying 27-28, 53
Macintosh to MS-DOS 27,53
between MS-DOS disks 28, 53
between drives 28, 53, 61
Customer Registration Card 17,76,91
customer service 91
D
daisy-chaining 76
SCSI devices 15,21,33-36
more than one DaynaFilel6, 22,37-38, 66
data file 10,25,48, 76
Dayna fast format 54-55, 77
Dayna Translation Software 10, 12, 17-18,27,49,62,63,77,84-88
DaynaFile
back view 12
components 11
how it works 10-11
front view 12
on/off switch 12, 40
power supply socket 12, 13
ROM version number 43, 80
SCSI ID switch 12, 16,22,37-38,81
SCSI ports 12,81
System software version number 43, 81
System Disk 17,23,41-43
115
device driver 17,24, 77
including in System Folder 24, 41-42
device driver icon 24, 42
DCA format 59-60, 63, 77
deleting files 60
desktop file 55-56, 72, 77
disk formats DaynaFile accepts 11, 54, 57, 62, 71
drive latch 12, 79
DOS disk icon - see MS-DOS disk icon
dual-drive upgrades 90
E
editing a data file - see opening a data file
eject button 12,28, 78
ejecting disks 28, 45-46
erasing a disk 55,60
extension mapping, defined 26, 49, 92
adding an entry 104
copying extension-mapped files 112
gaining access 93
map settings 98
opening a file 26, 49-50
problem solving 110
removing an entry 107
setting the Type and Creator 94
saving changes to 108
F
FDHD formatted disks 5, 8, 10,48,55,61, 78
file names 52
file sharing, defined 10, 78
Finder, minimum requirements 17,24,41-42,64
foreign voltages 66
formatting disks - see initializing disks
G
graphics data files 65
116
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•
,
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
c.
.1
••
4.
4.
4.
I
initializing disks 55-56, 61-62, 79
inserting disks in DaynaFile 44-45
installing DaynaFile 20-21, 30-37
as only device 20,31-33
as fIrst device 21, 33-34
as middle device 21, 35
as last device 21, 36-37
general requirements for 30
internal Cable Terminators 15, 21, 37
4•
••4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
••4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
••
••..
4.
4.
••4.
.,
4.
4'
••4.
.,
.,
••
••
LC'
L
latch 12
locked disks 56, 65, 72
M
maintaining DaynaFile 89
MacLinkPlus 6, 49, 62, 86
MS-DOS disk icon 25, 44
N
naming flIes 52
NEC formatted disks 5,8, 10,80, 114
o
opening an MS-DOS flIe 26, 48-51
p
Peripheral Cable - see SCSI Peripheral Cable
power supply 13, 66, 79
connecting 31
power-up sequence 22, 40-41
problems - see solving problems
R
reading an MS-DOS disk 25, 48
ROM version number 43. 80
117
RTF format 59-60, 80
rubber feet 17,80
S
saving an MS-DOS file 27,51
SCSI Cabling System 13,30,81
SCSI Cable Terminator 15, 80
connecting to DaynaFile 32, 65
SCSI Peripheral Cable 14,81
SCSI System Cable 14,81
connecting to the Macintosh 32
connecting to DaynaFile 33
SCSI devices with 25-pin connectors 15, 34
SCSI ID conflict with Macintosh SE 16,22,37,68
SCSI ill switch 12, 16,22,37-38,81
SCSI device number 16,81
setting and changing 16, 22, 37-38
factory setting 16, 22
SCSI upgrade to Macintosh 512E 20, 66
service and support 91
shielded cables 13,81
shutting down 28, 46
solving problems 68-74
starting DaynaFile 23-25, 42-43, 64
startup sequence 22, 40-43
subdirectory 10,25,48,81
System, minimum requirements 17,24,41-42,64
System Cable - see SCSI System Cable
System Disk - see DaynaFile System Disk
System software version number 43,81
T
technical support 91
Translation Software, Dayna 17-18,48-49,81
when to use 62-63
how to use 84-88
118
•••
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:1
U
un-notched disk 56, 65
W
welcome screen 23, 42-43, 82
write-protected disks 56, 65, 72
wrong disk format 57-58, 71
119
Notes
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