telemetry measurement of selected biological signals by

Telemetry measurement of selected biological signals…
M. erný a), M.Penhakerb)
VŠB - Technical university of Ostrava, Faculty of electrical engineering and computer science, Department of
measurement and control, 17. listopadu 15, 708 33 Ostrava - Poruba, Czech republic
VŠB - Technical university of Ostrava, Faculty of electrical engineering and computer science, Department of
measurement and control, 17. listopadu 15, 708 33 Ostrava - Poruba, Czech republic
Summary This work treats of using the Bluetooth technology in biomedical engineering. The Bluetooth is used for
transmission of measured data from pulse oximeter, ECG and monitor of blood pressure. OEM modules realize the devices
for pulse oximetry and ECG. Both these realized devices can communicate with computer by Bluetooth technology and
standard serial link too. The realized system of measuring devices is very flexible and mobile, because the Bluetooth
technology is used and accumulators can supply the realized devices. It is possible to measure other physical values
converted to voltage, because the used OEM module for pulse oximetry include A/D converter. The part of this work is
software visualisation of measured values too.
Abstrakt Tato práce se zabývá možností využití technologie Bluetooth v oblastech telemedicíny a biomedicínského
inženýrství. Pro p enos hodnot nam ených pulsním oxymetrem, elektrokardiogramem a monitorem krevního tlaku
je využito technologie Bluetooth. Za ízení pro snímání pulsní oxymetrie a elektrokardigramu jsou z d vodu požadavku
co nejmenších rozm r realizovány pomocí OEM modul , které se užívají v moderní léka ské technice. Oba tyto vytvo ené
p ístroje nabízí možnost komunikace s po íta em jak po standardní seriové lince tak pomocí Bluetooth. Oba vytvo ené
p ístroje lze rovn ž napájet pomocí akumulátor . Realizovaný systém m ících za ízení je díky technologii Bluetooth
a možnosti napájení akumulátory velice flexibilní. Sou ástí OEM modulu pro pulsní oxymetrii je A/D p evodník.
Tím je umožn no m it další fyzikální veli iny p evedené na nap tí, jako je nap íklad teplota. Sou ástí práce je také
zpracování a vizualizace nam ených dat.
The Bluetooth is one of the modern
telecommunication technologies, which is used
in many branches so often now. This young
and dynamically developed technology is used in
many applications, which we are using every day.
It is used in mobile telecommunications, for wireless
connection of computer peripheries, for wireless
connections of various sensors and regulators
in industry regulations.
So why don’t to use this technology in
biomedical engineering. This work treats of usage
the Bluetooth technology in biomedical engineering.
The Bluetooth technology is used for wireless
transmission of some biological signals from
measuring device to computer. Measuring devices
including Bluetooth could be more mobile,
the manipulation with these devices could be easier
and there couldn’t be emplacement problems.
To check on possibility of usage of Bluetooth
technology in biomedical engineering it was used
for transmission data from blood pressure monitor,
from device for pulse oximetry and ECG data.
Cable replacement is benefit for user. User get more
comfort, the manipulation with device is easier.
The device is more flexible and more useable.
There is the possibility to create wireless network set
up from more devices. It is possible to communicate
with notebooks, PDA or mobile phones.
It was used OEM modules from refurbished
produces for measure. Such OEM modules are often
included in many diagnostics devices. Because such
OEM modules are created for using at built-in
systems, it was necessary to solve problems
with power supply and optimize communication
interface to can those OEM modules communicate
with computer by standard serial interface or by
Bluetooth. There was for both selected
OEM modules designed and realized circuits
for power supply stabilization, circuits for
conversion communication interface of modules to
RS232 standard and circuits which allow
connections with modules for realize Bluetooth
The first chose OEM module is OEM module
named ChipOx from EnviteC Company. ChipOx is a
pulse oximeter module for the non-invasive
determination of the functional oxygen saturation in
human arterial blood (SpO2) and for measuring the
pulse frequency. ChipOx has very small dimensions
(31mm x 14mm x 5mm), which allows it to be easily
installed in medical products. It also has low energy
consumption, is equipped with ESD and EMC
protection and can be easily mounted on a carrier
printed circuit board (host PCB).
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering
ChipOx offers 3 inputs with maximal input
voltage 2400 mV for the measurement of other
parameters, which are each sampled with a
maximum of 100 Hz, 12 Bits.
The sampling rate and the input voltage ranges
are freely configurable over the communication
Fig. 3. Blood pressure monitor.
Fig. 1. Realized pulse oximeter.
The second chose OEM module is module ECG
100 from MCC Company. It is created for
electrocardiography with standard bipolar limbs
leads. It can communicate by UART protocol.
It sends to host device values of II and III Einthoven
leads. Measured pulse frequency range is between
30 and 245 beats per second and it is measured as
sliding average from last eight measured values.
Module can detect pacemaker impulses and when
leads are not connected.
Bluetooth module, which was chosen for
realisation Bluetooth communication, can be used as
a component in many types of systems allowing
them to communicate wirelessly with other
Bluetooth products such as PC-cards, laptops,
handheld computers and mobile phones. It allows
with an RS232 port or UART interface
to communicate wirelessly via Bluetooth with other
Bluetooth devices. The module can be configured
using the Windows based configuration wizard
or using AT commands. It supports Generic access
profile, Serial port profile, Dial-up profile and LAN
access profile. The module is qualified according
to the Bluetooth 1.1 specification. Next function
of this module is Wireless multidrop. This feature
allows the module to simultaneously communicate
with up to three remote Bluetooth devices depending
on application and cases. The module automatically
forms a wireless multidrop network and distributes
all data to all connected devices.
Fig. 4. Used Bluetooth module.
Fig. 2. Realized ECG.
For blood pressure measuring was used blood
pressure monitor UA-767PC, which include
standard serial interface. This interface was used for
Bluetooth communication too. The Bluetooth
module was connected to that interface. It was
necessary to connect Bluetooth module to serial
connector and provide power supply. The blood
pressure monitor can save measured values from last
126 measurements. It is saving these four basic
values: systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, pulse
frequency and time. It is possible to start a new
measuring by defined command from connected
computer too. In this case the monitor sends to
computer measured values immediately after end of
measuring process.
The first was tested communication between
referenced devices and computer by standard serial
line. It was good for test of functionality of devices
and ability of communication. Then can be designed,
realized and tested Bluetooth communication.
The first it was point-to-point communication
afterwards the point-to-multipoint communication.
It was created wireless network of all referenced
It is necessary to set up correct communication
protocol of serial communication between device
(computer) and Bluetooth module the first.
Afterwards could be set up the parameters
of Bluetooth communication.
Telemetry measurement of selected biological signals…
At the basic settings were set up name of
Bluetooth device and selected possibility to set up
the Bluetooth
Next was selected operation mode connectable and
discoverable. The other devices can connect to it
and it can be found when other devices are
performing searches. It was necessary to decide on
a client or a server role of Bluetooth module.
Used Bluetooth modules can be set up client and
the server at the same time. It is very profitable
at point-to-point communication.
For point-to-point communication were
communications parameters. Referenced Bluetooth
modules at the computer and device side realized the
Bluetooth communication too.
Fig. 5. Point-to-point communication.
For point-to-multipoint communication was
possible to use on computer side USB Bluetooth
dongle or referenced Bluetooth module and its
function for creating point-to-multipoint network Wireless multidrop. But after tests it was clear that
this function (Wireless multidrop) isn’t accordant
with engaged wants. As a consequence was chosen
USB Bluetooth dongle BT-600 from ACER
Company. This USB dongle can work by standard
driver for Bluetooth communications included in
operating system WindowsXP (2nd service pack).
This driver provides to create more than one virtual
serial port.
communication between computer with USB
Bluetooth dongle and measuring devices via
Bluetooth. Afterwards was designed and realized
point-to-multipoint connection between referenced
USB Bluetooth dongle and all other referenced
devices. After the far devices with Bluetooth module
were found by the USB Bluetooth dongle (more
precisely by drivers in operating system), were these
devices added to list of Bluetooth devices. Each of
found devices gets own virtual serial port. In the
visualisation software, which was created too, was
set up only correct name of virtual serial port for
each device, and communication could start.
Fig. 6 . Point-to-multipoint communication.
Part of this work is the software for
visualisation and saving measured data too. This
software, named BIOMONITOR is developed in
development system Labview from National
instruments, version 6.1. The most important
demands were easy intuitive control and very good
lucidity of user interface.
It was designed and realized user interface,
where each group of measured values has own
colour of chart or more precisely colour
of background. The part of final software is
the Terminal too. Terminal allows to user select,
which values would to measure at that time.
Depending on it the user interface is changed and
user can see only that charts and groups
of indicators, which are need to indicate measured
Fig. 7. BIOMONITOR user interface.
Displayed version of software is suited for
visualisation values which are measured in frame of
project of Biomedical laboratory VSB-TU Ostrava:
Biotelemetry system of pilot for Shell
Eco – Marathon.
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering
It was realized wireless network of medical
devices. The network was realized by Bluetooth
technology. For Bluetooth communication was used
Bluetooth modules created for serial cable
replacement on the device side. On the computer
side was used USB Bluetooth dongle. All the system
is mobile and can be used in every computer, which
can cooperate with USB Bluetooth dongle. It can be
used in computer which include anything else for
realize Bluetooth communication. Accumulators can
supply realized devices. It is very good, because
such devices are flexible and mobile.
It was created software for visualisation and
saving measured data. Software is very easy to
control and it is very well designed. Software
displays all the measured data at the time.
The values measured at the analog inputs of ChipOx
module are displayed and saved too.
The results of this work can be used
in implementation of wireless communication
in branch of medical technique. Realized network of
devices can be used in many applications of
telemedicine, mainly as the system of monitoring
base life functions. This network can be used in the
field of telemonitoring for example long ill people,
elderly people and other.
User manual Digital Pulse Oximeter Module
ChipOx®. Wismar (N mecko): EnviteCWismar GmbH, 2004. 36 s.
Documnetation for OEM ECG board.
Karlsruhe (N mecko): MCC GmgH &
Co.KG, 2002. 10 s.
OEM Serial Port AdapterTM 2nd Generation
verze 1.5. Malmö (Švédsko): connectBlue
AB, 2003. 44 s.
OEM Serial Port AdapterTM 2nd Generation
User manual 2.11. Malmö (Švédsko):
connectBlue AB, 2003. 48 s.
Penhaker, M., Imramovský, M., Tiefenbach,
P., Kobza, F.: Léka ské diagnostické p ístroje
u ební texty. Ostrava: 2004. ISBN 80-2480751-