Data Magician 1.5 Documentation

The
Data
Magician
Version 1.5
User Manual
Folland Software Services
Copyright 2000 (Lawrence E. Folland)
PROGRAM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION:
Lawrence E. Folland
DOCUMENTATION:
Lawrence E. Folland
THE DATA MAGICIAN LOGO:
David A. Calvert
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:
The following people have also provided help and/or encouragement throughout the
development of The Data Magician: Beverley Folland, Lisa Weiss, Maria Phipps, Chris
Bruner, Betty Wilson, Karen Brothers, Nancy Fish, Ken Noble, Frank Knor, Susan
Pasquariella, Francesco Dell'Orso and others. They are all very much appreciated.
COPYRIGHT NOTICE
Copyright 2000 Lawrence E. Folland
Folland Software Services
36 Thornhill Drive
Guelph, Ontario
Canada N1H 8B6
(519) 836-9682
FAX: (519) 836-3436
Internet: support@folland.com
Web Site: www.folland.com
All rights reserved
This software and accompanying manual are copyrighted under Canadian and
International law, and may not, in whole or in part, be copied, photocopied,
reproduced, translated, or reduced to any electronic medium or machine readable
form without the prior written permission of Folland Software Services.
Printed in Canada
Trademark Acknowledgements
INMAGIC®, DB/TextWorks™, The Biblio Guide™, and The Library Guide™ are registered
trademarks of Inmagic, Inc.
Pro-Cite™ is a registered trademark of Personal Bibliographic Software Inc.
dBase, dBase II, dBase III, and dBase IV are registered trademarks of Borland International.
Library Master™ is a registered trademark of Balboa Software.
STAR® is a registered trademark of Cuadra Associates, Inc.
BiblioFile, CAN/OLE, DOBIS, DIALOG, FoxBase, GEAC, Laser Quest, MicroISIS and UTLAS are
trademarks or service marks of their respective companies.
Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS
OVERVIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
CONVENTIONS USED IN THIS MANUAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instructions to Type or Press a key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
'Press any key' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Return/Enter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DOS Commands and File Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample Screens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
GETTING STARTED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardware Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Package Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hard Disk Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes for Windows Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Registering a Demonstration Version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Location of data and settings files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What to read! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
7
INVOKING The Data Magician . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Change to your "working" directory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Starting the program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
The Copyright Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
The Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Selecting items in the Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Returning to the Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Colour Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Getting Help at the Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
GETTING HELP FROM The Data Magician . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample Help Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Explanation of the Help Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leaving Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keystrokes in Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Help on Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Function Key Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Getting Help via the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
13
13
13
13
14
15
15
GENERAL STEPS IN A DATA CONVERSION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Set up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Saving Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
i
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Editing Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
The Data Conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
THE SAMPLE FILE - "STAFF" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
The STAFF file in dBase III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
The STAFF file in INMAGIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
DEFINING THE INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Getting to the Input File Specifications screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting an Input File Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Input file names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASCII delimited files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tagged Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
dBase files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INMAGIC "dump" files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MARC Communication files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STAR loadable file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Micro CDS/ISIS file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Library Master file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fixed Length Fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample Input File Specifications for the 'STAFF' data file conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
21
21
22
22
24
29
30
31
33
33
34
35
36
DEFINING INPUT FIELDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Input Fields Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding/Inserting New Fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Number of Input Fields Allowed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reading sample data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding Processing Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Testing Processing Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resetting the Input File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Saving Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample Input Fields screen for the "STAFF" database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
37
37
38
38
38
38
39
39
39
40
DEFINING THE OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting an Output File Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Output File Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Global Output field processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Global Output *POST* processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASCII delimited files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tagged file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INMAGIC load file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MARC Communication files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STAR loadable file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Micro CDS/ISIS file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Library Master file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample Output File Specifications for the 'STAFF' data file conversion . . . . . . . . . . .
41
41
42
42
42
43
43
46
47
48
49
49
50
ii
Table of Contents
OUTPUT FIELDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Output Fields Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding/Inserting New Fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Number of Output Fields Allowed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reading sample data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding Processing Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Testing Processing Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Saving Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample Output Fields screen for the "STAFF" database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
51
51
51
52
52
52
53
53
53
54
THE DATA CONVERSION PROCESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Conversion Summary Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processing Log files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting the Conversion Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Conversion Progress Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
File size and completion time estimation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unrecognized Input Field names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing the Output File during conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switching back to the Summary Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Process Completion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interrupting the conversion process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55
55
55
56
56
56
57
57
57
57
57
57
EDITING KEYS FUNCTION SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Move Among Prompts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Moving within a Prompt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inserting/Typeover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deletion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Movement Among Screens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Direct Movement to any screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Start a DOS Shell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Directory Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
File Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Save/Load/Print Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Highlight/Cut/Paste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Field Display Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Read/Process Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Colour Display Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entering Non-displayable ASCII Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
59
59
59
59
61
60
62
62
61
63
62
62
64
64
65
66
66
65
PROCESSING CODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
General Notes: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
BRIEF SUMMARY OF PROCESSING CODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Append text string to current data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
iii
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Append comment to processing codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
And: True if field contains search text AND condition was True . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Break out a string of text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Break up a Call number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Break Left of search string . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Break Left of character position in data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Break Left of input Field name/number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Break Left of Word number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Break out MARC subfield "$a" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Break Right of search string . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Break Right of character position in data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Break Right of input Field name/number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Break Right of Word number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Break into Subfields on search text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Break out Word number n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Condition: True if field contains search text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Conditional processing: true . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Conditional processing: false . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Conditional processing: reverse (not) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Condition: True if Empty field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Conditional processing: store False in memory n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Condition: True if field contains all Lowercase characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Conditional processing: Recall memory n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Conditional processing: Store memory n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Conditional processing: store True in memory n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Condition: True if field contains all Upper case characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Date Today in form of YYYYMMDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Date conversion: from YYMMDD to Mmm. DD, YYYY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Include contents of input Field fieldname/fieldnum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Lowercase conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Number Count number of occurrences of "searchtext" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Numbering: Increment counter by value of n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Numbering: set Starting value of counter to n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Numbering: Use value of counter in current data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Or: True if field contains search text OR previous condition was True . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Or: True if field is Empty OR previous condition was True . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Proper (capitalize) the 1st word . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Proper (capitalize) All words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Quit Conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Quit Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Quit Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Substitute "search" text with "replace" text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
process only Subfields n to m . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
append a SubField marker to current data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Substitute Marc subfield separator with "text" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
look up data via Substitute Table in "filename" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Text Begin if not empty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Text End if not empty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
iv
Table of Contents
Text Recall string number n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Text Store string number n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uppercase conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wildcard change: * for ! (or another) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wildcard change: ? for ! (or another) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delete: All extra spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delete: specified punctuation from Beginning of field data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delete: Clear everything in current field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delete: specified punctuation from End of field data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delete: blanks on Left . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delete: Predifined punctuation (" .,/-") from End of field data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delete: blanks on Right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delete: excess Subfield markers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
Command Line Options (Batch Processing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Command Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Command Line Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Usage examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
139
139
139
142
142
143
Miscantations (Error Messages) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anticipated Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recording and Reporting Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
145
145
145
145
146
Appendix A: Standard Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Appendix B: System Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Appendix C: Sample Settings Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note on square brackets [ ] in settings examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Technical aside on how the settings print-outs were made . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BIP.SET - Conversion of Books In Print to MARC Communications Format . . . . . . .
CANPROC.SET - Conversion of CANOLE records to Pro-Cite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DIALOG.SET - Conversion of DIALOG records to INMAGIC load format . . . . . . . . .
DOBISINM.SET - Conversion of DOBIS records to INMAGIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DOBISMRC.SET - Conversion of DOBIS (MARC) records to MARC . . . . . . . . . . . .
EBSCO.SET - EBSCO Serials (MARC communications format) to INMAGIC . . . . . .
GEACINM.SET - Conversion of GEAC records to INMAGIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GEACPROC.SET - Conversion of GEAC records to Pro-Cite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INM2MARC.SET - Conversion of INMAGIC records to MARC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LIB2MARC.SET - DB/TextWorks LIBRARY or CATALOG data to MARC . . . . . . . . .
LIF2COM.SET - Conversion of MicroLIF MARC records to MARC . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LM2MARC.SET - Conversion of Library Master records to MARC . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MARC2LIB.SET - Conversion of MARC reocrds to DB/TextWorks . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MEDCDINM.SET - Conversion of MedLine CD-ROM records to INMAGIC . . . . . . . .
151
151
151
151
152
154
156
158
161
163
166
170
174
177
180
185
187
190
v
The Data Magician, version 1.5
MEDCDPRO.SET - Conversion of MedLine CD-ROM records to Pro-Cite . . . . . . . .
PROC2MRC.SET - Conversion of Pro-Cite records to MARC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STAFF.SET - dBase III to INMAGIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
UTLASINM.SET - UTLAS (MARC communications format) to INMAGIC . . . . . . . . .
192
194
197
198
INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201
vi
Overview
OVERVIEW
The basic purpose of The Data Magician is to take information from one database system and
convert it to a format usable by another database system. While most databases will import or
export their data in an assortment of formats to accommodate conversions, few, if any, allow any
transformation of that data in the process, and many just do not provide compatible formats.
The Data Magician provides the flexibility to take information from various sources, put it in a
standardized format and then write the data back out in an entirely different format. In the process,
a variety of transformations may be performed on that data, including: breaking up a database field
into component pieces, combining two or more separate fields, converting dates from numeric to
text formats, changing from upper to lower case or vice verse, and many others.
These transformations give you the opportunity to make comprehensive changes to existing data
that would not have been practical manually, even with a word processor. Such changes may
make your data more usable and logical or even more aesthetically pleasing.
Facilities are provided to import information from dBase II, III or IV, INMAGIC "dump" files (including
DB/TextWorks), delimited ASCII files (a standard import/export format for many database and
spreadsheet systems), almost any kind of "tagged" files (such as those created by on-line text
databases), MARC Communication Files (a standardized library format), STAR (a minicomputerbased text management system), Library Master (for bibliographic references), Micro CDS/ISIS and
Fixed-length field files. The information may be exported as delimited ASCII files, INMAGIC "dump"
files, MARC Communication files, STAR load files, Library Master files, Micro CDS/ISIS load files
or a customized "tagged" format.
1
The Data Magician, version 1.5
2
Conventions
CONVENTIONS USED IN THIS MANUAL
Instructions to Type or Press a key
Keys that you are expected to press or type will generally appear in bold, like this:
DATAMAGE and will be set away from other text by two or more spaces.
The word "press" will generally precede a command to press a single, special key like: F1
(which would be Function Key 1)
The word "type" will generally precede a command to type a series of standard keys like:
TITLE
If you are instructed to press (for example): Ctrl-S or Alt-F1 this means to press and hold
the 'Ctrl' key, or 'Alt' key, then, while still holding that key, press the other key after the '-',
eg: S or F1. Then release both keys.
'Press any key'
When told to 'Press any key' to continue, you can usually do just that. Some keys, however,
won't work, such as Shift, Ctrl, or Alt. The easiest key (and generally the safest) is just the
(big) space bar.
Return/Enter
You will often be instructed to press the 'Return' key. Unfortunately, keyboards use different
conventions for the label of that key. It may be called 'Return', 'Enter' or simply a bent arrow
pointing left. It is typically a larger grey key above the right shift key. There may be another
on the numeric keypad, usually called 'Enter'. Whatever the label, they all do the same
thing. Find that key on your keyboard and press it when appropriate. It is required after all
commands in 'DOS' (the Disk Operating System) and is used frequently in The Data
Magician to select an item, or to end entry of a filename or whatever.
DOS Commands and File Names
DOS commands and file names will be displayed in a bold, mono-spaced font. DOS
Commands will be in lower case, eg: a:install. File Names will be in all caps, eg:
C:\DATAMAGE\STAFF.SET
Sample Screens
Throughout the manual, sample screens have been included. Those screens appear as
Figures within single line boxes. The text within the sample screen is a small mono-spaced
font, eg: Input File Type. Reverse video on the screen is represented as "highlighted" text in
the manual.
3
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Sample Data
Sample data will also appear highlighted, like this: Thompson, Joshua (mostly in the
processing code summaries)
4
Getting Started
GETTING STARTED
Hardware Requirements
To run The Data Magician you will need the following:
an IBM PC microcomputer or 100% compatible
minimum 512k total memory, with at least 350k available when you run the program
2 floppy disk drives (limited usefulness), or 1 floppy and 1 hard disk drive
a printer is required if you wish to print settings files, but is not otherwise required to
perform conversions
Package Contents
The following items are included with The Data Magician:
The Data Magician manual
1 floppy disk labelled "Program Disk and Sample Data" on 3½" format.
the Software Licence which should be read before opening the diskette package
a Software Registration Form which you must fill out and return if you wish to receive
information regarding upgrades.
Hard Disk Installation
In order for you to use The Data Magician, it must be accessible to your system. The
installation process will copy files from the floppy disk included onto your hard disk in a
directory called "\DATAMAGE". It will also create a batch file in the "root" directory, called
"DM.BAT" which provides a quick way to run The Data Magician.
(An aside for advanced users, others should skip to the next paragraph)
For those who do not like to run installation programs, you may simply copy all the files into
a directory of your choosing. "\DATAMAGE" is recommended since the software will look
there for message files if not in the current directory. Copy the sample files if you wish. You
should also run the README program for last minute notes.
The following are the steps to installing The Data Magician:
1)
Put the "Program Disk" in floppy drive A
2)
Make sure you are at the DOS prompt and the default drive is the hard disk on which
you wish to install The Data Magician. This will usually be Drive C:, although it may
be Drive D: or others. You may switch to that drive by typing the drive letter, then
a full colon, and then press Return, eg: c:
3)
Type: a:install and press Return (or Enter)
4)
The software will now begin making the \DATAMAGE directory and copying files.
5)
When completed you will be prompted to remove your disk. You may now put away
the disk, preferably in a safe place so that you can get it back should you ever have
difficulties with your hard disk (it happens).
6)
You are then shown the README file which you may browse by pressing the PgUp
and PgDn keys. This file has notes about any last minute changes, additions,
5
The Data Magician, version 1.5
7)
deletions, or other notes. You may print the whole file (if you have a printer
attached, on and "on-line") by pressing the F2 key. When you are finished looking
at the README file, press Esc to leave.
The installation process is now complete, and you may start The Data Magician by
typing: DATAMAGE and pressing Return, at the DOS prompt. See the section
entitled "Invoking The Data Magician" for an explanation of the use of the menus,
the Help system, and general use of the software.
Notes for Windows Users
The Data Magician is well behaved under both Windows 3.x and Windows 95. The author
uses it extensively under Windows 95 and prefers it to the DOS environment. Under
Windows 95, it is convenient to run a conversion in the background while working on other
tasks in the foreground. Processing speed is comparable under Windows (when dedicated
to the task) and DOS, although benchmarks showed that by far the fastest processing could
be obtained under Windows 95 rebooted into DOS mode. Next fastest is running under
Windows 95 in a full-screen DOS screen (not the graphics window). Press Alt-Enter in the
graphics window to get into the full-screen text screen.
An icon file is provided for your convenience, DM.ICO, which will have been installed in the
\DATAMAGE directory.
Registering a Demonstration Version
New with Version 1.5, if you have a demonstration version, you may upgrade that copy to
a fully operational copy by ordering a registration code. Once you have that code, you may
then download from our Web Site (http://www.folland.com) any newer release of Version
1.5. The registration code will be stored in the \DATAMAGE directory and will automatically
be used to serialize the new version and make it fully operational.
Users who purchase a fully operational copy will automatically have the code installed and
it will be available should they choose to download a more recent release.
Location of data and settings files
Some consideration should be given to where your data and settings files will be located.
Some of the data files may already exist in various directories, such as \DBASE or
\INMAGIC. Others will be created as you use the system. As you create and modify
conversion settings, you will need to save them on disk. These are called "Settings files".
You may find it useful if most of them are available in the same directory. Typically, you
may want to use the \DATAMAGE subdirectory as your working directory, with settings files
and many of the input and output files available there. That will save time when specifying
filenames, and also reduce the chance of "losing" a file on the (complex) hard disk. Those
files that exist already elsewhere can be referred to as necessary, but that information is
stored in the settings file, so you won't have trouble finding the file later.
6
Getting Started
In summary, whatever directory you decide to use as your working directory, if any, should
be your "default" directory before you run the program. If you need to change awrectories
while working in The Data Magician, you may type the name of the new directory preceded
by an equal sign ("=") when at the Load Settings or Save Settings screens (eg:
=\datamage changes the default directory to \DATAMAGE on the current drive and
displays all settings files there).
What to read!
For instructions on starting The Data Magician, read the chapter "Invoking The Data
Magician".
If you want to get started right away and/or if you're having trouble getting a conversion to
work, at least read the chapter "General Steps in a Data Conversion".
For detailed instructions on defining input and output files, and specifying the fields they will
use, read the appropriate chapter(s).
To set up The Data Magician to run automatically from a command line or batch file, read
the chapter "Command Line Options".
For reference as needed, read the chapters on the help system, the editor, processing
codes, and error messages.
7
The Data Magician, version 1.5
8
Invoking The Data Magician
INVOKING The Data Magician
Change to your "working" directory
When you start the program, it is generally a good idea to be in the same directory where
your data files (the ones you will be converting) will be found. Although it is not necessary,
it will save you typing long "pathnames" to your data files. Assuming your working directory
is "\DATAMAGE" (if not, make the appropriate changes) you type the following to change
to that directory: cd \datamage and press Return.
Starting the program
If you are in the \DATAMAGE directory, type: datamage and press Return to get the
program going.
If you are not in the \DATAMAGE directory and you wish to keep the current directory as the
"default" directory, you can type: \datamage\datamage and press Return.
Alternatively, whenever you are in the "root" directory (or any directory, if you have a PATH
set up to the root directory, as most systems do), you can simply type DM and press
Return. Note that this changes to the \DATAMAGE directory and then runs the program.
The Copyright Screen
Shortly after the system starts a message in a box will appear briefly on the screen
announcing The Data Magician, version, the address for Folland Software Services, and the
copyright notice. A message below the box states "Initializing, please wait a few seconds
...". This message will remain on your screen for about five seconds before the Main Menu
is displayed. You may press any key to terminate the display of the screen before the five
seconds has elapsed.
Should you wish to keep the Copyright Screen screen on longer, you may press:
Ctrl-Num Lock while the message is displayed. The message will now remain on the
screen indefinitely until you press any key.
The Main Menu
Once the copyright message has been displayed, the Main Menu will appear, as you see
below:
9
The Data Magician, version 1.5
6=============================================================================7
5Serial #
THE DATA MAGICIAN
(version 1.5 Release x.x)
5
5 123456
M A I N
M E N U
5
5_____________________________________________________________________________5
5
5
5
5
5
[L] Load previously stored conversion settings
5
5
5
5
[A] Define Input File Specifications (start here for New settings) 5
5
[I] Specify Input Field names and process codes
5
5
[B] Define Output File Specifications
5
5
[O] Specify Output Field names and process codes
5
5
[C] Display Conversion Summary Screen
5
5
5
5
[S] Save current conversion settings
5
5
[P] Print current conversion settings
5
5
5
5
[M] Monochrome/Colour switch
5
5
[X] Exit The Data Magician
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
9=============================================================================8
Use Arrow keys to point & ENTER to Select, or press Letter in [ ]. F1 for Help
Figure 1: The Main Menu Screen
Selecting items in the Main Menu
As indicated by the line at the bottom of the screen, you may select an item on the menu
in a couple of ways. First, you may use your up & down arrows to highlight the item of your
choice. To select that item, press Return (or Enter). Second, you may simply press the
letter of item you wish (L, A, I, B, O, C, S, P, M, or X). You do not have to press Return if
you press a letter, the item is automatically selected.
Aside from those options, it will also accept some other keys. To move the highlight down,
you may actually press any of: down, right, tab, or space. To move the highlight up, you
may press any of: up, left, or Shift-Tab. From almost anywhere in the system, including at
the Main Menu itself, you can choose the Main Menu options by pressing 'Alt' and the letter
of the Menu option you wish. For example, from anywhere, you can press: Alt-C to get to
the Conversion Summary Screen.
Returning to the Main Menu
From virtually anywhere in the system, you may return to the Main Menu by pressing: Alt-M
(for Menu).
Colour Selection
If you have trouble reading the menu (or if you do not like the colours), it may be because
The Data Magician has selected a set of colours that do not display well on a non-colour
monitor. To turn off colours, you may choose M for Monochrome/Colour switch from the
Main Menu, or press Ctrl-F9 from anywhere in the program. Alternatively, start The Data
Magician using the Command Line switch "/M" ("M" meaning Monochrome). For example
the command: datamage/m would start The Data Magician in Monochrome (black and
white) mode.
10
Invoking The Data Magician
Getting Help at the Main Menu
You may get help at the Main Menu, and almost everywhere else, by pressing: F1. This
will lead you into a full "context-sensitive" help system. This is described fully in the section
entitled "Getting Help from The Data Magician". For now, if you get into the Help system
and wish to exit, you may simply press: Esc or Space.
11
The Data Magician, version 1.5
12
Getting Help
GETTING HELP FROM The Data Magician
At any time while using the system (except while converting, or at a Yes/No prompt), you
may request Help by pressing the F1 key. This will bring up a "context sensitive" fullscreen help system. Context sensitive means that the help provided relates directly to
where you are in the system. For example, if you are at the Main Menu when you press F1,
you will be given help on the Main Menu. If you are located at the prompt requesting type
of Input File, you are shown information about the available Input File formats.
Sample Help Screen
An example of a Help Screen (for the Main Menu) is shown below:
Help Screen # 100
Prompt:
The Data Magician - Main Menu
Keys:
You may do any of the following:
a)
Use up and down arrows to highlight the item you wish,
then press Enter (Return), or
b)
simply press the letter of your choice. It will be acted
upon immediately, or
c)
press the letter in combination with the 'Alt' key, again,
the option will be acted upon immediately.
Note:
Any of the Main Menu functions can be activated anywhere in the
system by pressing Alt and the letter of the menu option here.
Example:
To exit the system you may: a) press the down arrow until you
highlight "[X] Exit The Data Magician", and then press Return,
or b) press the letter X, or c) press Alt-X.
Press 'PgDn' now for more information on the various options.
[ESC]Exit5[PgUp]5[PgDn]5[G]eneral5[I]ndex5[Any Function Key]5Screen #:
Figure 2: Help Screen for the Main Menu
Explanation of the Help Screen
In the top-left corner of each Help Screen is the Screen Number. You can always get
directly to any screen if you know the number of the screen you want (described below).
The main body of the screen provides further explanation of the choices you have at the
moment in The Data Magician. At the bottom, are the keys you may press for further help,
or to leave the help system.
Leaving Help
You may always get out of Help by pressing Esc or space. If you have not yet entered
a screen number, you may also leave by pressing Return.
Keystrokes in Help
13
The Data Magician, version 1.5
At the bottom of the Help screen is a line telling you briefly what keys you may press. The
actual key you press appears between square brackets (eg: "[I]ndex" means press "I" for
the Index). In general, you may either leave, or move to another Help screen. Leaving is
described above. The other keys are described below:
PgUp
If the body of the help text tells you to press 'PgUp' to move to another
screen, you may do so. If not, you will be told that "No Help message is
available" if you press that key.
PgDn
As with 'PgUp', if the body of the help text tells you to press 'PgDn' to move
to another screen, you may do so. If not, you will be told that "No Help
message is available" if you press that key.
General
Index
Moves to a screen which covers the current topic in more general
terms. For example, if you are looking at a Help screen about a
specific processing code, [G]eneral would move to a screen giving an
overview of processing codes. Note that this option may not always
be available. If not, you will be told that "No Help message is
available" if you press that key.
This option always takes you to the "Help Index" screen, which is a list of
Help Topics and the screen numbers on which they can be found. To see
more information on any topic, simply type the number of the screen you
wish to see (see below).
[Any Function key]
Screen #
This option means that if you press any function key that is used by
The Data Magician, you will get help on the use of that key.
Here you may type the number of any Help Screen you wish to see to
access it directly. Use this when the text of the current Help Screen tells you
to see a certain Screen Number for more help on a particular topic, or if you
happen to know the number of the screen you wish to see. All you need to
do is type the digits of the screen number. You do not have to press Return
unless the number is shorter than three digits. As you type the number, you
will see the digits appear on the bottom line of the screen. If you make a
mistake before you press the third digit, you may press Backspace to
correct the error.
Help on Error Messages
Normally, when you request Help, you will receive information about the current prompt.
However, if you receive an Error message (eg: for incorrect processing codes), you may
press F1 to get an explanation of that message. The Help screen will display the
message, an explanation of the problem, and suggestions on how to correct the problem.
14
Getting Help
Function Key Help
Anywhere that you need to use the Function keys (which is just about everywhere but the
Main Menu), you may request Help on the Function keys by pressing: Shift-F1. This will
bring up the Help system, displaying a screen of what Function keys are available. From
that point, you proceed to use the Help system as described above. The actual screen is
reproduced below:
Help Screen # 200
Editor Function Keys (Ct=Ctrl, Sh=Shift)
6======================L======================7
Al-F1 5 Display Input Fields *
5
Ct-F1 5
Temporary DOS
*
Print Settings
5
Sh-F1 5
Editor Help
*
Load Settings
5
F1 5_________Help_________*____Save Settings_____5
Al-F3 5
Reset Input File
*
5
Ct-F3 5
Set Size of Data
* Control Chars On/OFF 5
Sh-F3 5
Display Data
*
Display Codes
5
F3 5___Read Next Record___*____Process Codes_____5
+----------------,
* Other Keys:
*
Ct-F2 G----------------I
Sh-F2 *Field Moves:
*
F2
* Return/Enter *
* Tab/Shift-Tab *
Ct-F4 * Up/Down Arrows*
Sh-F4 *
*
F4
*Screen Moves:
*
5
*
5
* PgUp/PgDn
*
5
* Browse Output File 5
*
*
Sh-F5 5
Highlight Entry
* Browse Input File
5
*Deleting Text: *
F5 5__Start Highlighting__*__Enter Subfield Code_5 F6
* Backspace/Del *
5
*
5
* Esc
*
5
* List Directory: Wide 5 Ct-F8 *Insert On/Off: *
Sh-F7 5
Full Screen Edit
* List Directory: Full 5 Sh-F8 * Ins
*
F7 5_Cut Highlighted Text_*______Paste Text______5 F8
*
*
5
*
5
*Word Moves:
*
Ct-F9 5
Colours ON/Off
* Set Number of Fields 5 Ct-F10 * Ctrl-Left/Rt. *
Sh-F9 5
Shimmer ON/Off
*
Delete Field
5 Sh-F10 *Begin/End:
*
F9 5
Beep ON/Off
*
Insert Field
5 F10
*
Home/End
*
9======================N======================8
.----------------[ESC]Exit5[I]ndex5[Any Function key]5Screen #:
Figure 3: Function key Help Screen
Getting Help via the Internet
You can send email to: support@folland.com to answer any questions you may have.
Involved questions that may require creating settings files may require consulting fees. If
that is the case, you will be informed and a quote will be provided, if you wish.
You may access the web site at: http://www.folland.com Click on the support button, or
the BBS button. The BBS allows you to leave questions that any one may respond to.
There is a Data Magician list server. You may subscribe to this by sending email to:
majordomo@folland.com with the body of the email being: subscribe datamage
15
The Data Magician, version 1.5
16
General Steps in a Data Conversion
GENERAL STEPS IN A DATA CONVERSION
To give you an idea of what is involved in the process of setting up a data conversion with
The Data Magician, we have listed below the steps required. The chapters following
describe each of these steps in more detail.
Set up
1.
Define the input file format. Depending on the type of input file, this process may be very
simple or fairly involved. If the data is in a dBase III or IV file, INMAGIC, DB/TextWorks,
STAR, Micro CDS/ISIS or a MARC Communication file, you simply tell The Data Magician
the name of the file. For a "tagged" file, however (such as a downloaded search from an
on-line database, or a tagged MARC file), you will need to specify what form the field tags
will take, how to recognize the start and end of a record, etc. This process provides the
flexibility to read a great variety of input formats, but also tends to be more challenging to
set up.
2.
Define the input fields. If the file to be read is a dBase or INMAGIC file, the field names
can be determined automatically. For a DB/TextWorks, STAR, Micro CDS/ISIS, tagged or
MARC communications file, you have the option of specifying the field names, or have The
Data Magician determine them by reading the file and prompting you each time it
encounters an unknown field name.
For each field, you may specify the field name plus a longer name or description. You may
then enter processing codes to affect the input field. For example, you may wish to convert
the field to upper or lower case strip leading or trailing spaces, break the field apart,
substitute one text string with another, etc. See the chapter on processing codes (page 70)
for the complete list of codes.
In the process of defining processing codes, you may use the actual data to test the effect
of the codes entered. Pressing F3 will read in one record at a time, and F4 will process the
record with the current codes. This interactive process helps to ensure that the codes
entered will perform as expected for each record.
You may also specify special "input" fields which are the combination of other fields (or other
fields broken apart). For example, on input, you may have a "Name" field with both last and
first name separated by a comma. You may wish to create two new input fields, "Last" and
"First" where "Last" is everything before the comma and "First" is everything after the
comma. Your output file may then draw from those two separate fields, rather than the
"Name" field.
3.
Specify the output format. This will tell The Data Magician how to generate the output file.
You may specify "ASCII delimited", an INMAGIC load format, a MARC Communications file,
a STAR load file or a Micro CDS/ISIS load file. None of these require any special
17
The Data Magician, version 1.5
instruction, other than the name of the output file.
4.
L
Define the fields to be used in the output file. This process is similar to Step 2 - Defining
the input fields. Enter the names of the fields to be desired in the output file. In some cases
The Data Magician is able to determine the field names for you. Eg: INMAGIC structures.
The contents of the output field is defined by the process codes. This typically consists of
an input field name, but you may also add text, generate incremental numbers, or use any
of the other processing codes.
Note: to get data into an output field, either the F"input field" code (page 102) or the FC
(Field Copy) code (page 104) is generally required. This is one of the common problems
beginning users of The Data Magician have - not specifying which input field to draw the
data from. If you do not, you will not get any output!
Saving Settings
Once you have entered your processing information, or any time during, it is a good idea
to save your settings. You can do this at any time (by pressing F2), overwriting the last copy
of the settings.
Editing Keys
Throughout the creation of these settings, you will be using the editing keys to move around
the prompts, making changes, saving and loading settings, etc. The chapter on editing keys
will outline how to make efficient use of those functions.
The Data Conversion
After the settings are defined, you proceed to the Conversion Summary screen. Here, you
will see what the input and output files are, plus some other information. You may change
these, or enter a Y to start the conversion. As the conversion proceeds, you will see a
status screen of its progress and an estimate of when the conversion will be completed.
In the future, a similar data conversion is easily accomplished by loading the same
conversion settings, making appropriate changes to file names, and performing the
conversion again.
18
The Sample File - "STAFF"
THE SAMPLE FILE - "STAFF"
In order to clarify some of the functions of The Data Magician, a sample database file has
been included called "STAFF". The original file was built in dBase III and is called
"STAFF.DBF" and "STAFF.DBT". The file is a fictitious listing of staff members from an
intermediate sized manufacturing firm. For each staff person, it includes employee number,
name, position, department, extension, office number, start date, salary, and notes. The
"notes" field is a dBase III memo field, which allows you to type a page or two of notes, but
is not searchable or printable.
A settings file is included called "STAFF.SET" which will move the dBase III data into an
INMAGIC file using the "STAFF.STR" structure file. In the process, the name is split into
first name and last name, and the start date is changed from a numeric format to a text
format. Once in INMAGIC the notes field will be fully searchable.
The STAFF file in dBase III
Below is the structure of "STAFF" in dBase III:
Structure for database: C:staff.dbf
Number of data records:
36
Date of last update
: 10/21/88
Field Field Name Type
Width
1 EMPNO
Numeric
5
2 NAME
Character
50
3 TITLE
Character
50
4 DEPT
Character
50
5 EXTENSION
Numeric
4
6 OFFICE
Character
6
7 STARTDATE
Date
8
8 SALARY
Numeric
8
9 NOTES
Memo
10
** Total **
192
Dec
2
Figure 4: The structure of STAFF.DBF in dBase III
The STAFF file in INMAGIC
Below is the structure of "STAFF" in INMAGIC:
19
The Data Magician, version 1.5
INMAGIC - DEFINE Data Structure
Enter
Enter
Enter
Enter
Enter
F/1
F/2
F/3
F/4
F/5
F/6
F/7
F/8
F/9
F/10
name of structure: STAFF
description line (optional): Sample STAFF data structure
retrieval key field(s): EMPNUM
order key field(s): LASTNAME FIRSTNAME
LABEL
NO
LN
FN
POS
DEPT
EXT
OFF
SD
SAL
NTS
NAME
INDEX
EMPNUM T
LASTNAME Y
FIRSTNAME Y
POSITION Y
DEPARTMENT Y
EXTENSION T
OFFICE T
STARTDATE T
SALARY T
NOTES
K
SORT
1
7
7
7
7
1
7
4
1
1
EMPHASIS
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Enter master password (if passwords are desired):
Enter passwords and field lists
P/1
Figure 5: The structure of STAFF.STR in INMAGIC
20
for each field
Defining Input File Specifications
DEFINING THE INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
The first step in setting up a data conversion is usually to define what type of file you will be
reading - the "Input File". Here you tell the system the name of the file and (depending on
the file type) you may make special adjustments for the particular source of the file. You
may also define "global" processing codes - codes that are performed on every field of the
input file.
Getting to the Input File Specifications screen
You can get to the "Input File Specifications" screen from the Main Menu by pressing A, or
from almost anywhere by pressing Alt-A.
Selecting an Input File Type
The first option on the Input File Specifications screen (see Figure 5, page 22) is the type
of Input File. There are currently nine choices:
1) ASCII delimited files
data appears in a continuous line with a delimiter between each field (usually
a comma). Text may be surrounded in quotes.
2) Tagged files
data appears with each field on a separate line (usually) with the field name
appearing as a text tag in front of the data.
3) dBase files
data files produced by Ashton-Tate's dBase II, III, or IV or other database
products that can create a .DBF file.
4) INMAGIC dump files
files written out from Inmagic Inc's INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks, using the
WRITE or DUMP commands.
5) MARC Communication files
the standardized MARC communications format used by many library
automation products. Allows you to specify a "Block Size" for blocked or
"spanned" MARC files.
6) STAR output files
files written to disk using the default DUMP output format in STAR from
Cuadra Associates, Inc. The file must then be moved from the host
computer to a PC.
21
The Data Magician, version 1.5
7) Micro CDS/ISIS files
files created by Micro CDS/ISIS, in the standard output format (ISO 9)
8) Library Master files
files created using the Export Utility, a tagged text file
9) Fixed Length Fields
files where the data is stored as contiguous text with predefined lengths
Depending on which input file type you decide, you will be given a different list of prompts
on the Input File Specifications screen. The screen for each file type is described below
with a sample screen.
Input file names
Whichever Input File type you use, you will need to give the name of the Input file. You may
specify a full DOS "pathname", including drive and directory of the file (eg:
C:\DBASE\STAFF.DBF). If you do not specify the drive and/or the directory, the current
default drive and directory are assumed. For example, if you were in the directory
\DATAMAGE on drive C: when you started The Data Magician, and give the filename
CATALOG.ASC, it would assume you mean C:\DATAMAGE\CATALOG.ASC. Note that
upper/lower case never matters when giving file names. Please note that The Data
Magician will convert file names to UPPER case as you type them.
ASCII delimited files
If you choose Input Type 1 you will be presented with the following screen:
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Type:
1) ASCII Delimited file
3) dBase II, III, or IV file
5) MARC communications file
7) Micro CDS/ISIS file
9) Fixed Length Fields
1
2)
4)
6)
8)
Tagged file
INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks dump file
STAR loadable file
Library Master Tagged File
Input file name:
Number of Input Fields:
Character(s) around text fields: "
Character(s) separating fields:
,
Does a RETURN end a field? (Y/N): Y
Does a RETURN end a record? (Y/N):Y
Global Field processing:
[F1] Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 6: Input File - ASCII delimited
The questions specific to ASCII delimited format are:
22
Defining Input File Specifications
1)
Number of Input Fields
The answer you give here determines how many incoming fields are considered to
be part of each record. Since the fields come one after the other in a continuous
stream, this indicates to the system where each record ends. If you give a number
which is higher or lower than the actual number of fields per record, you will find the
data "drifting" into different fields as you read each record.
2)
Character(s) surrounding text fields
It is common for text fields to be enclosed in quotes in ASCII delimited files. This is
useful if the text might include commas or whatever symbol separates each field.
If you do not say otherwise, the system will assume the double-quote ("), is used.
3)
Character(s) separating fields
Some symbol or symbols are required to separate the values of each field. Although
this is typically a comma (,), the default, it may be something else. If the character
separating each field is a special control character (such as a tab), you may enter
the three-digit code between angle brackets. For example, if each field was
separated by a Tab (ASCII code 9), you may specify <009> for this field.
4)
Does a RETURN end a field?
(Usually "Y")
It is common for a Return (also known as a Carriage Return/Line Feed) to end each
record, and thus the last field. Sometimes, however, the Return symbol may be part
of the data, and the field delimiters are the only markers. Type N (for No) if you
want Return symbols included as part of the data of a field. The default is Y, a
return ends a field.
L
5)
This prompt (and number 5, below) are frequently misunderstood. The question
here is: If a Carriage Return is encountered, should it automatically be considered
the end of the field (or record)?
Does a RETURN end a record?
(Usually "Y")
As in question 4, above, you may wish a Return included with the contents of a
record and thus not signal the end of a record. To do so, respond N to this
question. The default answer is Y.
23
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Tagged Files
Input File type 2 displays the following set of prompts:
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Type:
1) ASCII Delimited file
3) dBase II, III, or IV file
5) MARC communications file
7) Micro CDS/ISIS file
9) Fixed Length Fields
2
2)
4)
6)
8)
Tagged file
INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks dump file
STAR loadable file
Library Master Tagged File
Input file name:
Format of Repeated Fields:
0) None, 1) Numbered, 2) Repeat Tag
3) Special Symbol eg: ;
Continuation Line Character(s):
Beginning of Record Starts With:
End of Record Starts With:
Field Names Prefixed With:
or Contains:
or Contains:
or End With:
Global Field processing:
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 7: Input File Type - Tagged
A "tagged" file is almost any data file where the data is listed with some consistent field label
or "tag" in front of the data. For example, if the data file had the line "DATE 1984", 'DATE'
would be the field tag, and '1984' would be the data itself. You need to set up the input file
to recognize all the field tags that may occur.
Tagged files require the most involved definition process because of the variety of formats
that can be handled. In general, you need to tell The Data Magician how to recognize the
start and end of each record, how the field tags will appear, and how long text fields are
continued over multiple lines.
The following are the prompts that are specific to the Tagged Input File Type:
1)
Format of Repeated Fields
Here you are expected to enter a number from 0 to 3. The list of options appear
underneath the prompt. In some files, there are fields that may be repeated, such
as Subject terms. If they are listed on separate lines, The Data Magician needs to
know how to recognize them as being multiple occurrences of the same field. It will
then put them all into one input field with a special separator between each
occurrence.
The most common way of specifying multiple occurrences is to simply repeat the
field tag and the data on separate lines. This is option 2. Some systems put the
field tag and number the occurrences (option 1). In this case, The Data Magician
24
Defining Input File Specifications
needs to ignore the number. Other systems put the field tag for the first occurrence,
and then start each following occurrence on a new line beginning with some special
symbol, such as a semi-colon ";".
SUBJ/1 Software
SUBJ/2 Data Conversion
SUBJ Software
SUBJ Data Conversion
Option 1
Option 2
SUBJ Software
; Data Conversion
Option 3
2)
Continuation Line Character(s)
Long text fields must be continued over several lines. There are a variety of ways
the continuation of a field can be signalled. The most common way is to indent
subsequent lines with one or more spaces. While the field tags usually occur as the
first characters on a line, a continuation line may start on the second or subsequent
position. You signal this by typing one or more spaces at this prompt. You may also
use tabs or any other symbol that may be used to signal a continuation line.
Some systems indent the field tags, and have continuation lines wrap back to the
first position. In this case you would note that field names start with a space (see
number 5, below), and put nothing in this prompt.
NOTES Discusses the use of
software for data conversion.
Continue with one space
NOTES Discusses the use of
software for data conversion.
Field tag indented, not text
25
The Data Magician, version 1.5
3)
Beginning of Record Starts With &/or Contains
This, and question 4, are critical for actually finding each record. If the options for
these two prompts are not set correctly, you may find that The Data Magician
considers everything belonging to one record or does not recognize any records at
all. Also, these are how you get The Data Magician to ignore "garbage" in screen
capture files - log on procedures, system prompts, command lines, etc. You need
to identify some consistent piece of text that signals the start of each record.
There are actually two prompts here, Starts With and Contains. If you type a piece
of text into the Starts With prompt, The Data Magician will look for those characters
at the beginning of each line. Alternatively, if you put text in the Contains prompt
beside it, The Data Magician will look for that text anywhere in a line. If it finds either
of these two it will signal the start of a record, and keep reading data into the same
input record until the end of the record is found (see number 4, below). The line that
signals the start of record may be part of the data and thus a very good Starts With
text is often the first field tag (if it is always there, and always first).
Note that either of these two prompts may include "wildcard" characters (* or ?) to
look for a pattern of characters, rather than a particular string of text. For example,
if you enter 00?, The Data Magician would look for any field tag starting with "00" as
signal to start a record. Please note that you will not be able to look for an actual
asterisk (*) or question mark as part of the search text. See the note on Wildcards
(page 67) for more details.
When filling in this prompt or any other, if you need to include special nondisplayable ASCII codes that cannot be entered from the keyboard like the standard
keys can, then you may enter a three-digit ASCII code between angle brackets. For
example if the end of a record record is indicated by a Form Feed code (ASCII code
12), then you may enter <012> at the "End of Record Starts With" prompt.
4)
End of Record Starts With &/or Contains
Here you must specify what text signals the end of each record. Like the prompts
for signalling the beginning of a record (question 3, above), you may specify that the
line ending a record starts with a particular string of text and/or contains that piece
of text somewhere in the line.
Possible choices for the end of record signals are any special symbols that always
end a record (some DIALOG files use ||), or a field tag which is always present and
always the last line.
Another common end of record marker is simply an empty line (one with just a
carriage return, or just spaces). You may have The Data Magician look for an empty
line by specifying three asterisks (***) in the Starts With prompt.
As with the Start of Record (above), you may use "wildcards" to specify the search
string to end the record.
If you do not specify anything in these prompts, The Data Magician will assume that
26
Defining Input File Specifications
the start of one record indicates the end of the previous record.
5)
Field Names Prefixed with &/or End With
Many systems put special characters on either side of field names. In order to
remove these extra characters from the data, put any leading and trailing characters
into these two prompts.
For example, DIALOG files often have a hyphen after the field tag (eg: AU-). In that
case, you would put a hyphen (-) in the "Ends With" prompt. Others may have
symbols on both sides (eg: =TI=). For that, you would put an equal sign (=) in both
the "Prefixed" and "Ends With" prompts.
You may specify a particular symbol that a field name MUST end with (eg: a colon).
As described above, you are able to enter a symbol that MIGHT be there which it
should strip. You may also, however, specify the symbol that must end a field name
by pressing F6 (which puts in the "5" symbol) in the "Field Name Ends With" prompt
and then putting the end symbol. That symbol must then be there for the field name
to be recognized. For example, the entry: :5: means that a field name must end
with a colon (indicated by ":" after the "5"), and that it should be stripped (the ":"
before the "5"). This solves the problem when a line has no specific continuation
characters on subsequent lines, or when there are several field names with two
words (eg: "SALES 1988:" and "SALES 1989:".
Similar to above, you may specify a specific field tag length (eg: 3 characters) when
reading a tagged file. This has primarily been useful reading certain MARC files (eg:
RLIN, MicroLIF MARC format), where the field tags are right against the data (ie: no
spaces). As above, you may enter the field length by pressing F6 (giving the "5"
symbol) in the "Field Name Starts With:" prompt. For example to read a file where
the first three characters on a line will be the field tag, enter: 53
6)
Input Line PRE-Processing Codes
Some files can be difficult to process due to blank or "noise" lines in the middle of
a record, extraneous characters on the left margin, or a variety of other problems.
This prompt lets you specify processing codes that will affect each input line before
it is interpreted for start or end of record, or field names, etc. This allows you to strip
off extra characters, or clear a whole line if desired.
You get to this prompt by pressing PgDn or Down arrow from the main Input File
Parameters screen. You will be in a special screen just for these codes. You may
enter up to 20 lines of processing codes. A sample screen is shown below:
27
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Input line PRE-process codes:
[F1] Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 8: Input File PRE-Processing Codes
Note: this is really an advanced option and should be used carefully. It may be
easy to mess lines up so that the file is unreadable. There is no way to test the
effect of these line-by-line pre-processing codes, except by trying to read the file and
seeing if you are successful. On the other hand, experienced users who are quite
familiar with the processing codes may find this very useful for dealing with "difficult"
files.
Example: Say you were trying to read a file where the first 20 characters of each
line were spaces and line numbers. The field tags started in column 21, and the
data was in column 26 (say). The Data Magician would not be able to read the field
tags properly because of the line numbers to the left. So, you could give the PREprocessing codes: BR 20 (Break Right of character 20) in this prompt. Every line
would have the first 20 columns stripped off, and you would be able to read the field
names. Watch out, however, if your start and/or end of record symbols are in those
first 20 characters. If so, you may want conditional processing to look for them. For
example, if in the example above, the end of record marker was a string of three
ampersands (ie: &&&) starting in column 1, you could give the following codes to
avoid chopping them off: C"&&&" C~ BR 20 (Which means: Look for "&&&", if so
do nothing, otherwise Break Right of character 20).
28
Defining Input File Specifications
dBase files
The Data Magician will read database files (those with the extension ".DBF") created by any
of the dBase products from Ashton-Tate (including dBase II, III, III+ or IV), or any "workalike" products, such as Fox-Base.
Input file type 3 displays the following screen:
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Type:
1) ASCII Delimited file
3) dBase II, III, or IV file
5) MARC communications file
7) Micro CDS/ISIS file
9) Fixed Length Fields
3
2)
4)
6)
8)
Tagged file
INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks dump file
STAR loadable file
Library Master Tagged File
Input file name:
Global Field processing:
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 9: Input File Type - dBase III
There are no special questions for a dBase file aside from the name of the input file. The
system will automatically recognize the file format and will read all the field names in the
structure of the file.
There is a special indicator at the beginning of a dBase file which The Data Magician
checks. This indicator signals whether the file is in dBase II, III, or IV format, and whether
there is an associated Memo file.
If the file is in dBase II format, The Data Magician adjusts for this, and then reads the file
appropriately. If a memo file should be present (ie: if there are memo fields in the
database), it will automatically look for a .DBT file (the dBase Memo file) and they will be
included like any other field.. If not found, memos will not be read.
If the indicator is invalid, you will be warned that the specified input file is not a valid dBase
file, and the file will not be read. If it is valid, the first record will be read, along with all the
field names.
29
The Data Magician, version 1.5
INMAGIC "dump" files
This reads the ASCII file format created by INMAGIC (from Inmagic Inc., Cambridge Mass.)
when using the DUMP or WRITE commands (without Using a Report format). Note that this
does not read INMAGIC .DAT and .DIC files.
It will also read files created with
DB/TextWorks using the Export Tagged format. Data Magician can handle the
DB/TextWorks multi-word field names as well as the paragraph markers ("<" at the end of
a line).
Specifying Input File Type 4 will display the following:
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Type:
1) ASCII Delimited file
3) dBase II, III, or IV file
5) MARC communications file
7) Micro CDS/ISIS file
9) Fixed Length Fields
4
2)
4)
6)
8)
Tagged file
INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks dump file
STAR loadable file
Library Master Tagged File
Input file name:
Structure file:
Global Field processing:
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 10: Input File Type - INMAGIC "dump" file
Aside from the name of the input file, you may specify the name of the associated .STR file
(INMAGIC Plus) or .DBS file (DB/TextWorks) (ie: the structure of the file from which the
dump file was created). If you do specify the structure, The Data Magician will automatically
read the field labels and names for you and list them in the Input Fields definition. The field
names can also be read from the input file, if the structure file is not available. Press F3 to
read a record, and you will be prompted to add each new field name. If the first record does
not contain all the names, press F3 to read more records, or manually enter the field names
in the Input Fields section.
30
Defining Input File Specifications
MARC Communication files
MARC communications files are a common file format used in library cataloguing systems.
These files are most commonly sent on disk or tape, not displayed directly on a screen.
Some CD-ROM based cataloguing products, such as Laser Quest or Biblio File, can also
create MARC records using utility programs that are provided with those products.
Specifying Input File Type 5 will display the following:
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Type:
1) ASCII Delimited file
3) dBase II, III, or IV file
5) MARC communications file
7) Micro CDS/ISIS file
9) Fixed Length Fields
5
2)
4)
6)
8)
Tagged file
INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks dump file
STAR loadable file
Library Master Tagged File
Input file name:
Show MARC subfield delimiters as: C
MARC File Block Size:
0
Global Field processing:
[F1] Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 11: Input File Type - MARC communications file
Because this is a standardized format, you need only specify the input file name. Although
a list of field tags are not automatically generated when you specify this format (because
there are a large number of possibilities), The Data Magician will prompt you to add any new
tags as it encounters them.
MARC Substitution Character
MARC records use a non-displayable character (ASCII Code 31) to designate subfields.
Previous versions of The Data Magician converted these to a dollar sign ("$") for display
purposes. This, however, can cause a problem if the actual data includes a dollar sign.
Therefore, the new default character is a graphic character which is unlikely to occur in
normal data. The default character is: C (Code 214), and can be generated manually, if
needed, by pressing the Alt key with your left hand, and, while still holding the Alt key, typing
2-1-4 on the numeric keypad (not the top row of numbers) with your right hand. Then let go
of the Alt key. This character may changed to another if you wish. Any change made will
be saved with the current settings.
Note that the Break MARC subfield processing code (BM"$a") may still use the dollar sign,
or it may use whichever substitution character is specified here.
31
The Data Magician, version 1.5
MARC Block Size (usually "0")
Some MARC files, especially those loaded from tape, are created in fixed block sizes (also
known as "spanned" format) usually in increments of 2048 bytes (2048, 4096, 8192, 16384).
Each block begins with an extra 5-digit length indicator that specifies how much of the
record is in the current block and whether it continues in the next block. The default value,
"0", is used for unspanned MARC Communications files.
MARC field tags
Field tags in MARC records are typically three digit codes (eg: 100 for Personal Author, 245
for Title Main Entry). Although there can be codes from 001 to 999, typically only very few
of them are actually used, depending on the source of the records. You may either list the
field tags that you know are in the data, or you may let The Data Magician prompt you for
them. You may wish to check a manual for the system from which the records came to find
out the name for the content of each field, and how it is used.
Special MARC field names
Most of the information in a MARC record is contained in the "variable" fields numbered 001
to 999. However, there are a few special pieces of information that come from the "header"
portion of a MARC record. Since there are no particular field names for these, but they may
be useful, The Data Magician makes up its own name for these, checks if they exist and
prompts you to add them if they don't. They are all single character codes. The meaning
of the codes would need to be checked in the manual for the system from which they came.
You may wish to use the Substitute Table processing code (see page 122) to convert them
to more descriptive phrases. Those special fields and their contents are listed below:
STATUS
Record Status (typically "n" for "new")
RECTYPE
BIBLEVEL
ENCODE
DCF
32
Record Type (typically 'a' for monographic materials, although there
are many other codes)
Bibliographic Level
Encoding Level
Descriptive Cataloguing Form
Defining Input File Specifications
STAR loadable file
Records created by the STAR text database system from Cuadra Associates, Inc.
(Los Angeles, CA) can be loaded in under this option. Although they could also be defined
using the Tagged File format (Option 2), this simplifies the process.
Records to be converted should be written to disk using the "*DUMP" report that is
automatically generated by STAR when a new database is defined. The file must then be
transferred to a PC (using a product such as PC-Vision) so that it may be processed by The
Data Magician.
Specifying Input File Type 6 will display the following:
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Type:
1) ASCII Delimited file
3) dBase II, III, or IV file
5) MARC communications file
7) Micro CDS/ISIS file
9) Fixed Length Fields
6
2)
4)
6)
8)
Tagged file
INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks dump file
STAR loadable file
Library Master Tagged File
Input file name:
Global Field processing:
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 12: Input File Type - STAR loadable file
Because this is a standardized format, you need only specify the input file name. Although
a list of field tags are not automfatically generated when you specify this format, The Data
Magician will prompt you to add any new tags as it encounters them.
Micro CDS/ISIS file
Records created by MicroISIS or CDS/ISIS (when transferred to a PC) can be read using
Option 7. It uses the ISO 9 standard file format, which is similar to a MARC Communication
file, with a record header at the beginning (giving record lengths and position of the data in
the record following), but is displayable on the screen, using standard ASCII codes and 80
character lines.
Specifying Input File Type 7 will display the following:
33
The Data Magician, version 1.5
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Type:
1) ASCII Delimited file
3) dBase II, III, or IV file
5) MARC communications file
7) Micro CDS/ISIS file
9) Fixed Length Fields
7
2)
4)
6)
8)
Tagged file
INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks dump file
STAR loadable file
Library Master Tagged File
Input file name:
Global Field processing:
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 13: Input File Type - Micro CDS/ISIS File
Again, this is a standardized format, so you need only specify the input file name. Although
a list of field tags are not automatically generated when you specify this format (because
there are a large number of possibilities), The Data Magician will prompt you to add any new
tags as it encounters them.
Library Master file
Records exported from Library Master from Balboa Software (Toronto, ON) can be read
using Option 8. Although they could also be defined using the Tagged File format (Option
2), this simplifies the process.
Records to be converted should be created using the Export Utility from within Library
Master. Repeat field tag for new paragraphs should be set to "Y" and Include fonts should
probably be "N".
Specifying Input File Type 8 will display the following:
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Type:
1) ASCII Delimited file
3) dBase II, III, or IV file
5) MARC communications file
7) Micro CDS/ISIS file
9) Fixed Length Fields
8
2)
4)
6)
8)
Tagged file
INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks dump file
STAR loadable file
Library Master Tagged File
Input file name:
Structure file:
Global Field processing:
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 14: Input File Type - Library Master File
Aside from the name of the input file, you may specify the name of the associated .STR file
34
Defining Input File Specifications
(ie: the structure of the file from which the exported file was created). If you do specify the
structure, The Data Magician will automatically read the field labels for you and list them in
the Input Fields definition. If you do not have the structure file available, the field names can
be read from the input file. Press F3 to read a record, and you will be prompted to add each
new field name. If the first record does not contain all the names, press F3 to read more
records, or manually enter the field names in the Input Fields section.
Fixed Length Fields
Records created where the data is in fixed length format (no delimiters between each field)
can be read using Input File Type 9. This is a common format for the internal data structure
of traditional fixed-length databases. A binary editor (like the Norton Utilities' "DISKEDIT")
can be used to look at the data to determine the offset to the data and the size of each field.
Specifying Input File Type 9 will display the following:
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Type:
1) ASCII Delimited file
3) dBase II, III, or IV file
5) MARC communications file
7) Micro CDS/ISIS file
9) Fixed Length Fields
9
2)
4)
6)
8)
Tagged file
INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks dump file
STAR loadable file
Library Master Tagged File
Input file name:
Number of characters to skip:
Global Field processing:
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 15: Input File Type - Fixed Length Fields
Aside from the Input File Name, the only option available for this input type is "Number of
characters to skip". Some files have a "header" portion that you need to get past to the start
of the data. Enter the number of characters or bytes that must be skipped. This may take
some experimentation to get the correct offset. You will then need to go to the Input Fields
and specify the length of each field. The total of all the fields is the size of each record. If
there is any inter-record gap, create a "junk" field to hold that data with a Length equal to
the size of that gap.
35
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Sample Input File Specifications for the 'STAFF' data file conversion
Below is how the Input File Specifications look in the conversion of a dBase III file:
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Type:
1) ASCII Delimited file
3) dBase II, III, or IV file
5) MARC communications file
7) Micro CDS/ISIS file
9) Fixed Length Fields
3
Input file name:
STAFF.DBF
2)
4)
6)
8)
Tagged file
INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks dump file
STAR loadable file
Library Master Tagged File
Global Field processing:
XL XR ! *** Strip leading/trailing spaces from input data (dBase stores empty s
paces within fixed fields) ***
[F1] Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 16: Input File Specifications - STAFF dBase III file
36
Defining Input Fields
DEFINING INPUT FIELDS
Introduction
The Input Fields are where the incoming data fields are placed. You must have a list of all
incoming field names or tags, except for ASCII delimited files which need only field numbers
and Fixed Length Fields which need field lengths. These field names may have been filled
in for you if you are reading dBase III files, INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks files or Library
Master files. You may type them in yourself if you are reading "tagged" files, MARC
communication files, or you may let The Data Magician prompt you to add any unrecognized
field tags as it encounters them.
The Input Fields Screen
When you first go to the Input Field screen with a file type that does not know the field
names automatically, it will appear as in Figure 17. The highlighting marks the four sections
of each Input Field. These are:
1)
The Field Label. This is the name The Data Magician will expect to find in tagged,
INMAGIC, MARC, STAR, Micro CDS/ISIS, or Library Master records. ASCII
delimited, Fixed Length Fields and dBase files depend on the field position instead.
2)
The Field Name/Description is a longer name or description of that field. Although
not recognized when reading the data file, it may be used when you are specifying
an Input Field in a processing code.
3)
Length. This is only available for input on files with Fixed Length Fields. It will also
display the length of each field for dBase III/IV files.
4)
Type. This is a display-only field for dBase III/IV files.
5)
Processing Codes. The line under the field label and name is where you enter any
processing codes that will affect that field. These are applied to the field before the
data is drawn into the output fields. Note that the processing codes line will expand
if you keep entering codes longer than a line. If you need to enter more than 20
lines of codes, you can press Shift-F7 (see page 60) to go into an expanded editor.
You may suppress the display of the processing codes by pressing Shift-F4 (see
page 64).
6)
Data Display. This is not something you can edit, rather it is where you will see the
data for each field as it is read in and processed. By default, you will only see the
first line of data, but you may expand the number of rows you see by using the CtrlF3 key (see page 64). You may completely suppress the display of data for a field
by pressing Shift-F3 (see page 64). If the data contains non-displayable codes
(eg: ASCII codes 0-31, 127, 255) the display will be messed up. You can press
Ctrl-F4 to have The Data Magician display those codes as <nnn> instead, where
"nnn" is the ASCII code number (eg: code 9, a tab, would be represented as <009>)
37
The Data Magician, version 1.5
No. Field Label
1)
INPUT FIELDS
- Record # 0
Field Name/Description
(
)
Length
0
Type
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 17: Input Fields (empty)
Adding/Inserting New Fields
You may add new fields by pressing F10. If you are in the field Label, the new field will be
inserted before the current field. If you are in field Name/Description or Processing Codes,
then the new field will be inserted after the current field. You may then fill in any of the
prompts.
Alternatively, you may press Ctrl-F10 to request a number of fields all at once. You then
specify how many fields you need (eg: 15), press Return, and that many fields will be
available to edit. You may repeat either process to add more at any time. For more
information on these and other keys, see the chapter on Editing Keys (page 59).
Number of Input Fields Allowed
You may create up to 100 input fields by default. If you need more than that, you may start
the program with a special option which sets that limit higher (or lower). You do this by
appending the DOS command with the phrase "/I=n" (that's "i" for "input") where "n" is the
number of fields you need. For example, to boost the number of allowed Input Fields to
200, you would start The Data Magician by entering: datamage/i=200
Reading sample data
When you first enter the Input Fields screen, you will not have read any data from the input
file (exception: dBase III files automatically read the first record). To read the first and each
subsequent record, press the F3 key. You will now see data in the Data Display area for
every field for which data existed. If any field names were unrecognized while reading the
file, you will be prompted to append or insert those field names into the current list of fields
(if there is room). The "A"ppend option will add that field to the end of the list of fields.
"I"nsert will put the field after the last recognized field name.
Adding Processing Codes
Once you have some sample data read, you may wish to create some Processing Codes
to modify the incoming data. You may specify any number of processing codes for each
field. See the chapter on Processing Codes (page 67), for more information.
38
Defining Input Fields
Testing Processing Codes
After you have entered some codes and you wish to experiment with them, you may press
F4 to have The Data Magician process the data via the codes entered. While processing,
the message Processing ... will appear at the bottom of the screen. When complete, you
will again see the screen with the data after processing.
You may repeat the process by reading another record with F3 and then processing it with
F4. Continue this way, reading and processing, until you are satisfied that the codes you
have created will handle all (or at least most) of the data that can be read.
No data is written to disk while you manually test with F3 and F4, so feel free to experiment.
Resetting the Input File
After you have tried reading a few records and processing them, you may wish to restart at
record 1. You may do so by pressing Alt-F3. This closes the input file. The next time you
press F3 it starts reading record 1 again. This way, you can keep trying your processing
codes on the same records. Also, if you reach the end of the input file, a few presses of
F3 will start back at record 1 again.
Saving Settings
At any time, you may save the current settings (field names, processing codes, etc.). This
is important to do frequently in case of power failure or if the computer should have a
problem. It is often a good idea to save any settings before you read the first record from
the input file, in case there is a disk error while reading the file. You may save the settings
file by typing F2 and then giving a filename (up to 8 letters and/or digits). The extension
.SET is added automatically if you do not give one. Any existing files with the extension
.SET will be displayed when saving or loading settings files. If the file already exists, then
you will be prompted to replace the old file with the same name. If you do wish to replace
the file, you must press y or Y to confirm the overwriting of the existing file.
39
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Sample Input Fields screen for the "STAFF" database
Below is the first screen of Input Fields for the conversion of a dBase III file to an INMAGIC
load file. This screen shot is taken immediately upon entering the Input Fields screen. The
first record has been read automatically. Note the extra leading and trailing spaces which
are due to reading the fixed field data of dBase III. Using the global processing codes XL
and XR will remove those excess spaces, before they get to the output file.
No. Field Label
1) EMPNO
INPUT FIELDS
- Record # 1
Field Name/Description
(
)
Length
5
(
)
50
C
Thompson, Joshua
3) TITLE
(
)
50
C
President
4) DEPT
(
)
50
C
Administration
5) EXTENSION
(
)
4
N
(
)
6
C
(
)
8
D
1001
2) NAME
666
6) OFFICE
2-201
7) STARTDATE
19870101
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 18: Input Fields - STAFF database conversion
40
Type
N
Defining Output File Specifications
DEFINING THE OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
The Data Magician needs to know how the information is to be exported. Here you specify
the output format, the output file name and any "global" processing codes to be performed
on all fields of the output file.
Selecting an Output File Type
The first option on the Output File Specifications screen (see Figure 19, below) is the type
of Output File. The Output File type numbers correspond to the Input File types, although
not all Input Types are supported as Output Types.
1) ASCII delimited files
data is written out with a character (usually a comma) between each field, often with
quotes surrounding text, and a Return at the end of each record. This is a common
input format for many database systems including: dBase III, Lotus 1-2-3, Pro-Cite,
etc. There are options to change what the delimiters between fields and at the end
of each record will be.
2) Tagged files
each field is preceeded by a text label. There is typically one field per line, with long
fields marked on the next line with a continuation character. Rpeating fields can be
created by repeating the field tag or starting the line with a special character. The
start and/or end of the record may be designated by a special character sequence.
There are many options for this format that should be able to accommodate most
tagged formats. Note that INMAGIC, STAR and Library Master files could be
created with this option, but it is easier to use the predefined formats.
4) INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks load files
fields are written with a field "tag" followed by a space, then the data. Long lines are
wrapped and indented with a single space. Repeating fields are signalled by a semicolon (";") in place of a field tag. The end of a record is marked by a dollar sign ("$")
on a line by itself. This format may be loaded into an INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks
database, or other text database systems where you can define the import format,
such as Edibase. If the field label includes a space, The Data Magician will put
quote marks (') around the label when it creates the output file (eg: Last Name will
be written as 'Last Name'). This feature was added for DB/TextWorks.
5) MARC Communication files
a special "header" section describes the size of the record plus the name and size
of all the fields in the record. After the header is all the field data with a field
separator between them. This form can be loaded into most library automation
systems.
41
The Data Magician, version 1.5
6) STAR loadable file
fields are written with a field "tag" followed by two spaces, then the data. Long lines
are wrapped and indented with a single space. Repeating fields are signalled by
repeating the field tag. The end of a record is marked by a blank line. This format
may be loaded into a STAR database. When defining the load operation in STAR,
the Label Length must be set to zero (0) to allow for variable length field tags.
7) Micro CDS/ISIS file
a special "header" section describes the size of the record plus the name and size
of all the fields in the record. After the header is all the field data with a field
separator between them. The record is then written out 80 characters per line, with
a Carriage Return/Line Feed (CR/LF) at the end of each line (ASCII codes 13 and
10). The record size does not include the extra space required for the CR/LF codes.
8) Library Master
each record starts with the record type within curly brackets {}, each field starts on
a new line, with the field name in square brackets [], multiple entries and
continuation lines wrap back to the left margin, and the record ends with a blank line.
The record type is drawn from a special output field that must be named
"RECTYPE".
Output File Names
Whichever Output File type you use, you will need to give the name of the Output file. You
may specify a full DOS "pathname", including drive and directory of the file (eg:
C:\DBASE\STAFF.ASC). If you do not specify the drive and/or the directory, the current
default drive and directory are assumed. For example, if you were in the directory
\DATAMAGE on drive C: when you started The Data Magician, and give the filename
STAFF.INM, it would assume you mean C:\DATAMAGE\STAFF.INM. Note that
upper/lower case never matters when giving file names. The Data Magician, however,
converts any file name to all UPPER case as you type.
Global Output field processing
This prompt allows you to enter processing codes that will be performed before the specified
codes for each output field. Note that these codes are repeated for each field. Probably
the most useful code to put here is "FC" (see page 104) which allows you to copy the
contents of an Input Field to an Output Field with the same name.
Global Output *POST* processing
This prompt allows you to enter processing codes that will be performed after the codes for
each output field. These codes are repeated for each output field.
42
Defining Output File Specifications
ASCII delimited files
If you choose Output Type 1 you will be presented with the following screen:
OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Output File Type:
1
1) ASCII Delimited file 2) Tagged file
4) INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks
5) MARC Communications 6) STAR loadable format 7) Micro CDS/ISIS Import
8) Library Master Tagged File
Output file name:
UTLAS.INM
Number of Output Fields:
Start of Record process code(s):
End of Record process code(s):
Field Prefixed with:
End of Field character(s):
"<013><010>"
"
,
End with: "
Global Output field processing:
Global Output *POST* processing:
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 19: Output File - ASCII delimited
The questions specific to the ASCII delimited format are:
Number of Output Fields
The number of fields you specify here will determine the number of fields actually created
for each output record. This is independent of the number of fields displayed in the Output
Fields definition. For example, if you have 30 fields displayed in the Output Fields section,
and you only specify 25 in this prompt, then only 25 fields will be written - the remaining 5
are ignored.
Start of Record process code(s)
This prompt allows you to specify codes that will include text or the contents of Input Fields
that will be written before each record starts. If you need a Carriage Return/Line Feed, use
the codes "<013><010>" at the end (include the quotes).
End of Record process code(s)
This prompt will allow you to specify what should mark the end of each record. This defaults
to a Carriage Return/Line Feed ("<013><010>") but can be changed. Again, include the
quotes since these are processing codes.
Field Prefixed With / End With
This prompt allows you to specify what character(s) (not processing codes) that you want
to begin / end each field. These default to a quote symbol (").
End of Field character(s)
This prompt allows you to specify what character(s) (not processing codes) that you want
at the end of each field (except the last). This defaults to a comma (,).
Tagged file
43
The Data Magician, version 1.5
If you choose Output Type 2 you will be presented with the following screen:
OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
2
Output File Type:
1) ASCII Delimited file 2) Tagged file
4) INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks
5) MARC Communications 6) STAR loadable format 7) Micro CDS/ISIS Import
8) Library Master Tagged File
Output file name:
Format of Repeated Fields:
(0:None, 1:Numbered, 2:Repeat
Continuation Line Character(s):
Start of Record process code(s):
End of Record process code(s):
Field tags Prefixed with:
Field tag width:
Maximum line width:
End of Field character(s):
Symbol:
Tag, 3:Special Symbol)
"<013><010>"
"
0
79
,
End with: "
Left Pad:
Right Pad:
Output empty fields? N
Global Output field processing:
Global Output *POST* processing:
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 20: Output File - Tagged file
This option allows you to custom design a tagged output format. While you could create
specifications for any of INMAGIC, STAR or Library Master formats, it is easier to use the specific
options provided for those formats.
The questions specific to the Tagged File format are:
Format of Repeated Fields
This option controls how multiple occurrences of the same field will be written out. The four
options are:
0)
The field tag is written for the first occurrence, but not subsequent occurrences:
NOTES This is note 1
This is note 2
1)
The field tag is followed by a slash and an occurrence number:
NOTES/1 This is note 1
NOTES/2 This is note 2
2)
The field tag is repeated for each occurrence:
NOTES This is note 1
NOTES This is note 2
3)
The field tag is written for the first occurrence. Subsequent occurrences use the
Symbol(s) entered in the next prompt:
NOTES This is note 1
; This is note 2
(assuming the Symbol is ";")
Symbol
This is a companion field for the previous prompt. It is only activated if Option 3 is chosen
for the Format of Repeated Fields (above). Simply put the character(s) that you want in
place of the field tag for repeated fields (no quotes required).
44
Defining Output File Specifications
Continuation Line Character(s)
These characters are placed at the beginning of a line that has been wrapped after
exceeding the Maximum line width. Typically, this is a space.
Start of Record process code(s)
Note that you put processing codes in this prompt. You may draw data from an Input Field
or perform any other text processing allowed. This can be used when you need a special
header before each record that does not come from field data.
End of Record process code(s)
This prompt also accepts processing codes. It used to put any special text you need at the
end of a record. This text is put after the text from the last field ("End of field character(s)",
see below). If you need a blank line at the end of each record, then you would use the
processing codes: "<013><010>" If you needed three asterisks on a separate line, you
would use: "<013><010>***<013><010>"
Field tags prefixed with / End With
The character(s) specified here will be put immediately before (or after) the field tag. If you
need a space after the field tag (typical), then put a space in the End With prompt.
Field tag width / Left Pad / Right Pad
A value other than 0 specifies that the field tag will be a fixed width. It will be padded on the
left or the right with the character specified in either the Left Pad or Right Pad prompts (see
below). For example, if you specify a field width of 6 and you have the following field tags:
ID, TITLE, AUTHOR, and DESCRIPTION and you enter the indicated padding characters,
then the field tags will be created as follows:
Left Pad:
....ID
.TITLE
AUTHOR
DESCRI
.
(period)
Right Pad:
- (hyphen)
ID---TITLEAUTHOR
DESCRI
If both the Left and Right Pad characters are filled in, only the Right Pad character(s) are
used.
Any characters specified in the "Field tags prefixed with / End with" (see above) are included
within the width. Here is how the field tag would be built: first, both the prefix and End With
text are added. Then the entire construction is truncated to the specified width. If there is
any room left, right pad characters are appended if specified, otherwise left pad characters
are added.
45
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Here's an example if all of these related prompts were filled in and the following field tags
were used: ID, STI, DATE, TITLE, AUTHOR, ABSTRACT:
Field tags prefixed with:
Field tag width:
==
8
End With:
Left Pad:
-.
Right Pad:
+
==ID--++
==STI--+
==DATE-==TITLE==AUTHOR
==ABSTRA
Maximum line width
This is the maximum number of characters that can be written on a single line. After this
width is reached, The Data Magician will break the text and start on a new line. The next
line will be prefixed with the character(s) specified in the "Continuation line character(s)"
prompt (above).
Output empty fields?
If the response here is "N" (no) then a tag will not be output if there is no data associated
with that output field. If the response is "Y" (yes) then the tag will always be output
regardless of field content.
End of Field Characters(s)
These characters are put at the end of each field. Typically, you will want a Carriage Return
/ Line Feed and thus would need to put: <013><010> These are not processing codes,
so you do not put quotes around the text.
INMAGIC load file
This option will create a text file conforming to the INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks load format.
This file can be imported into an INMAGIC file using the Add command in the Maintain
environment of an INMAGIC database or using the File Import menu item of DB/TextWorks,
making sure that the "Inmagic Tagged Format" is selected on the Import Options window.
Output File type 4 displays the following screen:
46
Defining Output File Specifications
OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Output File Type:
4
1) ASCII Delimited file 2) Tagged file
4) INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks
5) MARC Communications 6) STAR loadable format 7) Micro CDS/ISIS Import
8) Library Master Tagged File
Output file name:
Structure file:
Global Output field processing:
Global Output *POST* processing:
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 21: Output File Type - INMAGIC load file
Here you need only specify an INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks structure file (one with an .STR
extension for INMAGIC or .DBS for DB/TextWorks). If you do not provide the extension,
The Data Magician will determine what type of structure file it is itself. Providing the
structure file name is only to save you from typing in all the required field tags (labels). If
you omit the name of the structure of the file into which you will be importing, you will need
to enter those field tags yourself (introducing the possibility of miss-spelling one or more
tags which will cause INMAGIC to reject the incoming records).
MARC Communication files
Option 5 will create a file in the standard MARC communication format. This format is
recognized by most library automation systems. Most of those systems have an optional
"MARC loader" program which is required to read the external file of MARC records. Check
with the vendor of the system into which you wish to load the records to make sure that it
is able to load records in this format.
Output File type 5 displays the following screen:
OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Output File Type:
5
1) ASCII Delimited file 2) Tagged file
4) INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks
5) MARC Communications 6) STAR loadable format 7) Micro CDS/ISIS Import
8) Library Master Tagged File
Output file name:
Global Output field processing:
Global Output *POST* processing:
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 22: Output File Type - MARC Communications Format
47
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Currently, the only option is to provide the output file name. The Data Magician creates the
MARC file in "unspanned" format.
Changing the MARC Subfield character
When writing field data, The Data Magician recognizes "$" as a subfield delimiter. Since this
can cause problems when the data may actually contain dollar signs, you can change this
by going to the Input File Parameters, select Input Type 5 (MARC), change the character
after "Show MARC subfield delimiters as" to some unused character, such as Alt-214 ("C"),
and then switch the Input Type back to what you are actually using. Thereafter, you will
need to use the new character to denote MARC subfields, instead of the dollar sign ("$").
Special MARC field names
If you want to put data into the leader portion of the MARC record, you need to use the
following special output field names:
STATUS
Record Status (typically "n" for "new")
RECTYPE
Record Type (typically 'a' for monographic materials, although there
are many other codes)
BIBLEVEL
Bibliographic Level
ENCODE
Encoding Level
DCF
Descriptive Cataloguing Form
STAR loadable file
Option 6 will create a file in a format that can be loaded into STAR. The file must then be
transferred from the PC to the host system that is running STAR. A package such as PCVision may be useful for that purpose. When defining the load operation in STAR, the
Label Length must be set to zero (0) to allow for variable length field tags.
Output File type 6 displays the following screen:
OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Output File Type:
6
1) ASCII Delimited file 2) Tagged file
4) INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks
5) MARC Communications 6) STAR loadable format 7) Micro CDS/ISIS Import
8) Library Master Tagged File
Output file name:
Global Output field processing:
Global Output *POST* processing:
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 23: Output File Type - STAR loadable format
48
Defining Output File Specifications
Micro CDS/ISIS file
Option 7 will create a file in a format that can be loaded into MicroISIS. MicroISIS field
names are always three-digit numbers. The Data Magician will recognize if a number has
been entered as a field name with less than three digits, and pad it with leading zeros.
Output File type 7 displays the following screen:
OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Output File Type:
7
1) ASCII Delimited file 2) Tagged file
4) INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks
5) MARC Communications 6) STAR loadable format 7) Micro CDS/ISIS Import
8) Library Master Tagged File
Output file name:
Global Output field processing:
Global Output *POST* processing:
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 24: Output File Type - Micro CDS/ISIS Import format
Library Master file
This option will generate an output format that can be read by Library Master from Balboa
Software (Toronto, ON). These records are tagged format with the field tag repeated for
each occurrence. Although it could also be defined using the Tagged File format (Option
2), this simplifies the process.
Records can be imported into Library Master using the Utilities menu, IMPORT Records.
Specifying Output File Type 8 will display the following:
OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Output File Type:
8
1) ASCII Delimited file 2) Tagged file
4) INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks
5) MARC Communications 6) STAR loadable format 7) Micro CDS/ISIS Import
8) Library Master Tagged File
Output file name:
Structure file:
Global Output field processing:
Global Output *POST* processing:
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 25: Input File Type - Library Master File
49
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Aside from the name of the output file, you may specify the name of the associated .STR
file (ie: the structure of the file from which the exported file was created). If you do specify
the structure, The Data Magician will automatically read the field labels for you and list them
in the Input Fields definition. If you do not have the structure file available, the field names
can be manually entered in the Output Fields section.
Sample Output File Specifications for the 'STAFF' data file conversion
Below is how the Output File Specifications look in the creation of an INMAGIC load file from
a dBase III file:
OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Output File Type:
4
1) ASCII Delimited file 2) Tagged file
4) INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks
5) MARC Communications 6) STAR loadable format 7) Micro CDS/ISIS Import
8) Library Master Tagged File
Output file name:
STAFF.INM
Structure file:
\INMAGIC\STAFF.STR
Global Output field processing:
Global Output *POST* processing:
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 26: Output File Specifications - STAFF data file conversion
50
Output Fields
OUTPUT FIELDS
Introduction
The Output Fields are where the outgoing data fields are placed. You must have a list of
all outgoing field names or tags, except for ASCII delimited files which need only field
numbers. These field names may have been filled in for you if you are creating INMAGIC
or Library Master files. You will need to type them in yourself for other file types (or load an
existing settings file and modify it).
The Output Fields Screen
When you first go to the Output Field screen with a file type that does not know the field
names automatically, it will appear as in Figure 27. The highlighting marks the four sections
of each Output Field. These are:
1)
The Field Label. This is the name The Data Magician will write when creating
INMAGIC, MARC, STAR, Micro CDS/ISIS or Library Master records. ASCII delimited
files depend on the field number instead.
2)
The Field Name/Description is a longer name or description of that field. Although
this is not used by The Data Magician, it may be helpful to remind yourself of what
a field is used for.
3)
Processing Codes. The line under the field label and name is where you enter any
processing codes that will affect that field. These are applied to the field before the
data is written to the output file. Note that the processing codes line will expand if
you keep entering codes longer than a line. You may suppress the display of the
processing codes by pressing Shift-F4 (see page 64).
4)
Data Display. This is not something you can edit, rather it is where you will see the
data for each field as it is read in and processed. By default, you will only see the
first line of data, but you may expand the number of rows you see by using the CtrlF3 key (see page 64). You may completely suppress the display of data for a field
by pressing Shift-F3 (see page 64). If the data contains non-displayable codes
(eg: ASCII codes 0-31, 127, 255) the display will be messed up. You can press
Ctrl-F4 (see page 64) to have The Data Magician display those codes as <nnn>
instead, where "nnn" is the ASCII code number (eg: code 9, a tab, would be
represented as <009>)
51
The Data Magician, version 1.5
No. Field Label
1)
OUTPUT FIELDS
- Record # 0
Field Name/Description
(
)
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 27: Output Fields (empty)
Adding/Inserting New Fields
You may add new fields by pressing F10. If you are in the field Label, the new field will be
inserted before the current field. If you are in field Name/Description or Processing Codes,
then the new field will be inserted after the current field. You may then fill in any of the
prompts.
Alternatively, you may press Ctrl-F10 to request a number of fields all at once. You then
specify how many fields you need (eg: 15), press Return, and that many fields will be
available to edit. You may repeat either process to add more at any time. For more
information on these and other keys, see the chapter on Editing Keys (page 59).
Number of Output Fields Allowed
You may create up to 100 output fields by default. If you need more than that, you may
start the program with a special option which sets that limit higher (or lower). You do this
by appending the DOS command with the phrase "/O=n" where "n" is the number of fields
you need. For example, to boost the number of allowed Output Fields to 200, you would
start The Data Magician by entering: datamage/o=200
Reading sample data
When you first enter the Output Fields screen, you may not have read any data from the
input file (exception: dBase III files automatically read the first record). To read the first and
each subsequent record, press the F3 key. This places the data into the Input Fields. If
any field names were unrecognized while reading the file, you will be prompted to append
those field names to the end of the current list of fields (if there is room). You will not see
any data in the Output Fields until you specify some processing codes (see below) to draw
the information from the Input Fields into the Output Fields.
52
Output Fields
Adding Processing Codes
Once you have some sample data read, you may wish to create some Processing Codes
to move the information into the Output Fields and possibly modify the incoming data. As
a minimum, you will generally use the F "fieldname" code to draw the data from the Input
Field "fieldname" (see page 102 for more information on this code). You may specify any
number of processing codes for each field. See the chapter on Processing Codes (page
67), for more information.
If you put the code FC (page 104) in the Global Output field processing (page 42) prompt
on the Output File Specifications screen, then all fields of the Output fields that have a field
with the same name in the Input Fields will have them automatically moved into the Output
Field.
Testing Processing Codes
After you have entered some codes and you wish to experiment with them, you may press
F4 to have The Data Magician process the data via the codes entered. While processing,
the message Processing ... will appear at the bottom of the screen. When complete, you
will again see the screen with the data after processing.
You may repeat the process by reading another record with F3 and then processing it with
F4. Continue this way, reading and processing, until you are satisfied that the codes you
have created will handle all (or at least most) of the data that can be read.
Note that none of the processing done with the F3/F4 keys is written to disk, so feel free to
experiment!
Saving Settings
At any time, you may save the current settings (field names, processing codes, etc.). This
is important to do frequently in case of power failure or if the computer should have a
problem. It is often a good idea to save any settings before you read the first record from
the input file, in case there is a disk error while reading the file. You may save the settings
file by pressing F2 and then giving a filename (up to 8 letters and/or digits). The extension
.SET is added automatically if you do not give one. Any existing files with the extension
.SET will be displayed when saving or loading settings files. If the file already exists, then
you will be prompted to replace the old file with the same name. If you do wish to replace
the file, you must press y or Y to confirm the overwriting of the existing file.
53
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Sample Output Fields screen for the "STAFF" database
Below is the first screen of Output Fields for the conversion of a dBase III file to an
INMAGIC load file.
OUTPUT FIELDS
- Record # 1
No. Field Label
Field Name/Description
1) NO
(EMPNUM
)
F"EMPNO"
1001
2) LN
(LASTNAME
)
F"NAME" BL ',' ! *** Take everything to the left of the comma in the name field
Thompson
3) FN
(FIRSTNAME
)
F"NAME" BR ',' XL
! *** Now take everything to the right of the comma ***
Joshua
4) POS
(POSITION
)
F"TITLE"
President
5) DEPT
(DEPARTMENT
)
F"DEPT"
Administration
6) EXT
(EXTENSION
)
F"EXTENSION"
666
7) OFF
(OFFICE
)
F"OFFICE"
2-201
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 28: Output Fields - STAFF database conversion
54
The Data Conversion Process
THE DATA CONVERSION PROCESS
Introduction
Once you have defined the Input and Output files plus the Input and Output fields, you will
want to actually go through an actual conversion process. The Input file will be restarted,
so that any experimentation you have done in setting up the processing codes will not affect
the output file (ie: any automatic numbering will start back at the original start value, the first
records will be processed according to the latest processing codes, etc.)
It is a good idea to save your settings file (F2 or Alt-S) before attempting the complete
conversion process. Unforeseen problems (such as disk errors) may cause the computer
to "lock up", preventing you from saving later. Also, it is easy to forget to save your work
after the conversion process has been completed.
The Conversion Summary Screen
Before a conversion begins, you are shown the Conversion Summary Screen (see Figure
29, below). This reminds you of the Input and Output File names, plus it allows you to
specify start and end record numbers for the conversion process. This screen is displayed
automatically when you load a previously stored settings file. You may then change the
Input or Output file names, or the start and end record numbers, if you do not wish to
process the whole file. You may also add a comment or description of these settings.
CONVERSION SUMMARY
Begin Conversion? (Y/N)
N
Input File Name:
STAFF.DBF
Output File Name:
STAFF.INM
Settings: STAFF.SET
Processing Log File:
Numbering Starts at:
Starting Record Number:
Ending Record Number:
Estimated Number of Records:
36
Comments/Description:
Sample Conversion from dBase III to INMAGIC
[F1]Help5[Shift-F1] Editor Help5[Alt-M] Menu5[Alt-X] Exit
Figure 29: Conversion Summary Screen (for STAFF database)
55
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Processing Log files
Processing log files will keep a summary on disk of what the Input and Output files were,
the date and time of the conversion process and a record-by-record log of field names not
recognized or other exception conditions. This file may be reviewed or printed later .
Starting the Conversion Process
When you are ready to begin the conversion process, move to the prompt "Begin
Conversion? (Y/N)" type Y, and press Return. If you want to skip the Conversion Progress
screen and immediately view the output being generated, press "V" instead.
The Conversion Progress Screen
While the file is being converted, The Data Magician informs you of it's progress (see Figure
30, below).
Conversion in Progress ...
(Press 'ESC' to stop, 'V' to View output)
4444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444
Input File: STAFF.DBF
Output File: STAFF.INM
Est. number of records:
Percent Complete: 16%
19
Start Time: 09:11:12 Current: 09:11:15
Average time/record (secs):
0.90
Estimated completion at:
09:11
4444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444
Record Number:
Processing ...
4
[Esc] Quit5[V] View Output5[S] Summary5[Space/Enter] View Output
Figure 30: Conversion Progress Screen (STAFF database)
As each record is processed, you will see the current record number plus the following
messages: "Reading ..." while the record is read from the Input File, "Processing ..." while
the process codes are performed, and "Writing ..." while the record is being written to the
output file. Usually the processing step is the most time-consuming.
At the top of the screen, it displays the Input and Output file names (the left side of file
names with long directory path names may get chopped off), the processing start time, the
current time (only updated after each record processed), estimated number of records,
percentage complete, average seconds per record for processing, and estimated time of
completion.
56
The Data Conversion Process
File size and completion time estimation
The Data Magician tries to estimate how many records there are in the Input File by
calculating the percentage of the Input File read so far, taking the average record size and
dividing by the size of the entire file. From the estimated number of records, and the
average number of seconds per record for processing, it makes an estimation of when the
whole process will be completed. This is updated after each record, so it will always be right
(or very close) when it has finished processing. However, it is generally quite close fairly
early in the conversion, and gives you a rough estimate of when to come back to check it.
Unrecognized Input Field names
While the file is being processed, any unrecognized field names are displayed in a list on
the screen. These are fields that you did not list in the Input Fields definition. You may
either choose to ignore these, or go back and add these to the Input Fields, use them in the
Output Fields, and then perform the conversion again.
Viewing the Output File during conversion
While the conversion is in progress, you may wish to see the output file being created. To
see the output file, either press V, the space bar, or the Enter key. You will then see the
output records displayed on the screen as they are written to the disk. It may take a few
seconds until the next record appears. Note that the entire record is displayed after
processing, so long records may scroll off the screen.
Although The Data Magician will allow you to view any output format, you should be aware
that the MARC format contains special "control codes" that prevent them from appearing
correctly when printed to the screen so the codes are displayed in numeric form (eg: <030>
)
Switching back to the Summary Screen
When viewing the output file, you may switch back at any time to the summary screen by
pressing S, the space bar, or the Enter key. Please note that the Summary Screen
statistics will not be updated until after the next record is written to disk.
Process Completion
When the conversion process is completed, the completion time is displayed (as well as any
unrecognized field names), and you are asked whether you wish to quit. If you respond Y
the program will end. If not, you will be returned to the Conversion Summary Screen. From
there, you may wish to return to the Main Menu (Alt-M), or make changes on this screen and
perform the conversion again.
Interrupting the conversion process
At any time during the conversion, you may press Esc to stop the conversion. You will
then be asked if you wish to cancel the conversion. If you do not wish to cancel the
conversion, press N, or Enter. If you do wish to cancel, press Y, then proceed as
described in the section above.
57
The Data Magician, version 1.5
58
Editing Keys
EDITING KEYS FUNCTION SUMMARY
Introduction
As you create the necessary settings for your conversion, you will require a variety of keys
to move and perform special functions. Most of the keys have been designed to work in
ways you might be familiar with if you have used a word processor or other standard
microcomputer software. Some keys and functions are unique to The Data Magician and
knowledge of these keys will greatly enhance your ability to set up conversions effectively.
Move Among Prompts
Return/Enter or Tab
Enters information as is, and moves the cursor to the next prompt
Shift-Tab
Moves the cursor to the previous prompt
Down Arrow
Moves the cursor to next prompt below current prompt. Note that
this can be different from Return or Tab, especially in the
Input/Output Field specifications which moves the cursor down to
the same prompt in the next field.
Up Arrow
Moves the cursor to next prompt above the current prompt. As with
the Down Arrow, this can be different from the Shift-Tab.
Ctrl-PgUp
Moves to the first prompt of the group. On the Input or Output File
Specifications screens or on the Conversion Summary screen,
moves to the first prompt. On the Input or Output Fields screens, it
moves to the first field.
Ctrl-PgDn
Moves to the last prompt of the group. On the Input or Output File
Specifications screens or on the Conversion Summary screen,
moves to the last prompt. On the Input or Output Fields screens, it
moves to the last field.
Moving within a Prompt
Right Arrow
Moves the cursor one character to the right. If you move past the
right most character, the cursor moves on to the next prompt (like
Return or Tab).
Left Arrow
Moves the cursor one character to the left. Like the Right Arrow, a
move to the left of the first character will move the cursor back to
the previous prompt (like Shift-Tab).
59
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Ctrl-Right-Arrow
Moves the cursor to the first letter of the next "word". If on the last
word, the cursor does not move. A "word" is defined as any
consecutive sequence of letters and/or digits.
Ctrl-Left-Arrow
Moves the cursor to the first letter of the previous "word", or the
current word if not on the first letter. If on the first letter of the first
word, the cursor does not move. A "word" is defined as any
consecutive sequence of letters and/or digits.
60
Editing Keys
Home
Moves the cursor to the first character of the current prompt.
End
Moves the cursor to the end of the current prompt.
Inserting/Typeover
Ins
Toggles between insert and typeover mode. In typeover mode,
characters typed will replace the characters at the cursor. In insert
mode, characters typed are inserted before the character at the
cursor. Insert mode is signalled by the cursor turning into a halfcharacter sized block. If there is not enough room to enter text, you
will get the message "No room to insert. Delete or press INS". You
can also press Shift-F7 to go into full-screen mode (see below)
Shift-F7
Switches into full-screen editing mode. You now have the full
screen to enter text. If the text is longer than 20 lines, you will see
markers at the beginning ("«") or the end ("»") indicating that there
is more text in that direction. Press Enter to get out of full-screen
mode or any of the movements keys that move out of the editing
area to get to the next or previous prompt.
F10
Inserts new field. When defining Input or Output fields, F10 will
insert a space for a new field. If the cursor is at the Field Name
prompt, the new field is inserted before the current field. If the
cursor is at the Description of Process Codes prompt, it is inserted
after the current field. If you attempt to insert fields in an ASCII
Delimited file, where the order of fields is critical, you will be
prompted to verify that that is, in fact, what you wish to do.
Deletion
Backspace
Deletes character to the left of the cursor position and moves
remaining characters to the left.
Del
Deletes character under the cursor and closes the gap.
Ctrl-Home
Deletes all characters from left of the cursor to the beginning of the
current prompt. The character at the cursor becomes the first
character.
Ctrl-End
Deletes all characters from the cursor position to the end of the
current prompt.
Esc
Erases current prompt. If pressed again, or whenever the prompt
is empty, will restore the prompt to its original condition before
editing.
61
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Shift-F10
Delete current field. When defining Input or output fields, Shift-F10
will delete the current field and shift all fields up one. You are
prompted to confirm the deletion by pressing 'Y'. If you attempt to
delete fields in an ASCII Delimited file, where the order of fields is
critical, you will be prompted to verify that that is, in fact, what you
wish to do.
Movement Among Screens
PgDn
displays next screenful of prompts. Progresses from Input File
Specifications to Input Fields to Output File Specifications to Output
Fields and finally to the Conversion Summary screen. Within Input
or Output Field screens, displays next group of fields
PgUp
same as PgDn, except it moves backwards. For example, PgUp
from the Conversion Summary moves to the first group of Output
Fields.
Direct Movement to any screen
Note that all these keys correspond to the same letter choices from the Main Menu,
and may also be used at the Main Menu.
Alt-A
jumps from anywhere to the first prompt in the Input File
Specifications
Alt-B
jumps from anywhere to the first prompt in the Output File
Specifications
Alt-I
jumps from anywhere to the first field in the Input Fields
Alt-O
jumps from anywhere to the first field in the Output Fields
Alt-C
jumps from anywhere to the Conversion Summary Screen
Alt-M
jumps to the Main Menu from anywhere else
Help
F1
62
context sensitive Help. From anywhere (except a Yes/No prompt)
pressing F1 will provide explanation of the prompt and lead into a
full help system for more information. Immediately after an error
message is displayed (i.e. before any other key is pressed), F1 will
display help specific to that error, with suggestions on how to
proceed.
Editing Keys
Shift-F1
Editor Help. Anywhere, while using the editor, you may press ShiftF1 to display a screen of all the function keys and what they do.
There is additional information about some of the other important
editing keys. From there you may also access the full Help system.
Alt-F1
display input fields. Shows a brief summary of the input field names
and numbers. This is especially useful while creating your
processing codes, to see what fields are available and the exact
spelling of field names.
Start a DOS Shell
Ctrl-F1
Exit to DOS. This provides quick access to the operating system
you may execute any DOS commands, even run other programs (if
there is enough memory space). When finished, type EXIT at the
DOS prompt to return back to where you left.
Directory Assistance
Shift-F8
Displays all files in current directory in "full" format - includes
filenames, extensions, size, date and time of creation. Pauses
between each screenful.
Ctrl-F8
Displays the current directory in "wide" format - includes only
filenames and extensions, but more files fit per screenful. Pauses
between each screenful.
File Display
Shift-F6
Ctrl-F6
Display Input File. Anytime, once the Input File name has been
given, you may press Shift-F6 to browse the input file. Once in the
browse mode, you may use up and down arrows to scroll back and
forth, or PgUp and PgDn to move a screen at a time. Home takes
you to the top of the file and End takes you to the bottom. Return to
where you left off by pressing Esc. Note that non-ASCII files such as
dBase III or MARC will not work properly with this function.
Display Output File. Once you have done a conversion, you may
browse the Output File by pressing Ctrl-F6. In the browse mode, you
may use up and down arrows to scroll back and forth, or PgUp and
PgDn to move a screen at a time. Home takes you to the top of the
file and End takes you to the bottom. Return to where you left off by
pressing Esc.
Note: both the above functions depend on the BROWSE command being available in
DOS via the PATH command. The installation procedure for The Data Magician
puts that command in the "root" directory of your hard disk, which typically is on the
"path". If you have trouble with that, you may try copying the BROWSE command
to your working directory (typically \DATAMAGE).
63
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Save/Load/Print Functions
F2
(or Alt-S)
Save settings. Saves current settings to disk. You are shown a list
of settings files on the default directory. If you have previously
given these settings a name, that name appears as the default.
Simply pressing Enter will save the settings. Alternately, you may
press Esc to clear the name and enter a new one.
If a file already exists with the name given, you will be prompted to
confirm overwriting the existing file. If you wish to replace the file on
the disk with the new file, press Y. If you are unsure what that file
may be, press N and then give a new setting name.
Shift-F2
(or Alt-L)
Load settings. Retrieves a previously saved settings file. Note: this
will erase your current settings. As with Save settings, you are
shown the list of settings files in the current directory. You may
enter one of those, or any other. You need not give the extension
'.set' as that will be assumed.
If you wish to change to a different directory, type an equal sign
followed by the directory path name (eg: to change to \INMAGIC,
enter: =\inmagic ). You will then be shown any settings files in that
directory. That now becomes your default directory.
Ctrl-F2
(or Alt-P)
Print settings. After giving you a chance to make sure your printer
is ready, it will print the current setting file. Note that square
brackets ([,]) are used to enclose text strings which may include
spaces.
Highlight/Cut/Paste
F5
64
Highlight On/Off. When highlighting is on, any text from between
the cursor position and the original position when F5 was pressed
will be displayed in reverse (highlighted). Highlighted text may be
cut (see F7) and moved elsewhere (with Paste - F8). All other
functions work normally with highlight on, i.e. you can move, insert,
delete, etc. Highlighting is cancelled by pressing F5 again or by
leaving that prompt and moving to another.
Editing Keys
Shift-F5
Highlight prompt. Turns highlighting on and marks the entire
prompt. You may be anywhere on the prompt when you press
Shift-F5. Essentially, it sets the start highlight position as the first
character, and then moves to the end of that prompt. You may then
proceed as with F5 (above).
F7
Cut highlighted text. Removes the text which is currently
highlighted and puts it into a temporary cut/paste buffer. This text
may be retrieved with the Paste function (F8 - see below). The text
in the cut/paste buffer is not lost until the next time you use F7, or
until you leave the program.
F8
Paste. Retrieves text from the cut/paste buffer (see Cut - F7,
above) and inserts it into the current prompt, if there is enough
space to accommodate it. If there is not enough room, a message
will appear to warn you.
Field Display Controls
Shift-F3
Display Data On/Off. When working in input/output fields, turns the
display of the actual data on or off. It may be useful to turn off the
display to see more of the fields on the screen. You would want to
see the data, however, when reading data from the input file.
Shift-F4
Display Processing Codes On/Off. As with Shift-F3 (data display
On/Off), permits more fields to be displayed on one screen, by
suppressing the display of the processing codes line. After
processing codes have been created and you are reading
experimental records, it may be helpful to see more fields at a time
to view the results of your processing codes.
Ctrl-F10
Set number of fields. In either Input or Output Fields, sets the total
number of fields that will be displayed. You may work with a
maximum of 100 Input and/or Output Fields, unless you requested
more (or less) when you started the program.
The contents of fields will not be lost if not displayed, they simply
will be ignored, until they are re-displayed. They would not be
saved or printed, however.
Ctrl-F3
Set Data Display size. Sets the number of lines of data to display
for the current field.
By default, only the first line of data will be displayed. Ctrl-F3 will
allow you to display up to 20 lines of data. If you request more lines
than there actually are, you simply see all of the data. You can be
in any of the prompts of that field when setting the size.
65
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Ctrl-F4
Display Codes On/Off. If the data contains non-displayable codes
(eg: ASCII codes 0-31, 127, 255) the display will be messed up.
You can press Ctrl-F4 to have The Data Magician display those
codes as <nnn> instead, where "nnn" is the ASCII code number
(eg: code 9, a tab, would be represented as <009>)
Read/Process Data
Read Next record. Reads the next record from the input file.
Increments the record counter on the top right corner of the screen.
Automatically clears all data in the Input and Output fields. When
you run out of records, it will reset the input file and start again from
the beginning. If, while reading tagged files, field names are
encountered that are not in the list of input field names, you will be
prompted to add them. No processing of the data is done until you
press F4 (see below).
F3
Alt-F3
Reset Input File. Closes the input file, ready to start again. The next
time you press F3, it will read the first record again.
Process Codes. After the data is read in, you are given a chance
to see it in the raw form. Once you have specified some processing
codes, you may press F4 to actually process the data with those
codes. After a brief pause (depends on how involved the codes
are), you will again see the data in its new form. If you are not
satisfied with the result, change any of the processing codes, press
F3 to read the next record, then press F4 to process the new data.
Repeat the process for several records to be sure it works for
different situations. The order of processing is very important, since
some codes will refer to the contents of other fields. Input fields are
processed before the output fields. Within that, the fields are
processed starting at the first field and continuing to the last field.
For each field, the codes specified as Global Processing Codes (on
the Input/Output File Specifications screens) are applied first
followed by the specific codes for that field. Finally, individual codes
are processed left to right.
F4
Colour Display Control
Ctrl-F9
Turns display of colour on or off. This will help if you are using The
Data Magician with a monochrome monitor with a colour capable
display adapter (CGA, EGA, VGA, SVGA). This works just like the
command line switch /M.
Entering Non-displayable ASCII Codes
In may be necessary at times to be able to refer to special ASCII codes that cannot be
displayed or entered directly by The Data Magician. This may happen when specifying how
66
Editing Keys
a record begins or ends, or when creating processing codes to eliminate special codes from
the data. In any case, The Data Magician will not allow you to type ASCII Codes 0-31, 127,
or 255. If you try, it will either "beep" at you or perform the special function that code
represents (ie: ASCII Code 8 means "backspace"). To enter such codes, then, you may
create the code using a three-digit number enclosed between angle brackets. For example,
to enter ASCII Code 8, you would type <008>. The Data Magician will show the code this
way in all displays, but will still work with the code as ASCII Code 8.
67
The Data Magician, version 1.5
68
Processing Codes
PROCESSING CODES
Introduction
The real power and flexibility of The Data Magician is in the variety of processing options
available. The processing codes are how you tell The Data Magician to manipulate the data
in the process of moving them from the input format to the output format. The codes are
single letter mnemonic commands that are somewhat like a programming language
designed especially for data conversion. As you enter each set of codes, The Data
Magician checks to make sure they are valid. If not, an error message is displayed
indicating the problem. You may press F1 (Help) for assistance on the message, and may
even look up the description of any code.
General Notes:
Upper/Lower Case
When entering alphabetic codes, it does not matter whether they
are entered in upper or lower case letters. Case only matters in
literal text strings (text within quotes).
Spacing Between
Codes
It does not matter how many spaces are between codes, or whether
there are any spaces at all. In general, use spaces to improve the
clarity of your codes. Spaces only matter within literal text strings.
Comments
You may put a comment anywhere in a processing code line by
entering an exclamation mark (!) followed by the comment. Any text
after that exclamation mark will be ignored.
Errors Within Codes
When you enter a code and then try to move out of that field, The
Data Magician automatically checks the syntax of the codes
entered. If it encounters a problem (eg. an unrecognized code or
misspelled field name), it will stop, position the cursor on, or just
after, the code in question, and display a message describing the
problem. If you need clarification, press F1 to get help (if the Help
file is available).
Quotes
When entering anything in quotes, you may use: ' (single quote,
under the double quote), " (double quote, over the single quote), or
` (reverse apostrophe, under the tilde, ~). Whichever symbol is
used to start the quoted text must also be used to end it. This way,
you may embed any two of those symbols in a literal string of text.
69
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Wildcards
Whenever you specify "search text" in a code (eg: Break Left/Right
of "search text", Search for "search text" & replace with new text),
you may include "wildcard" symbols that will match one or many
characters. These symbols, * (asterisk) and ? (question mark) were
chosen because they are the same as those used by DOS. The *
acts as a multiple character wildcard - it may match any number of
characters. The ? matches a single character position. For
example to find anything with round brackets, you could specify the
search text: "(*)". To match a year, you could use: "19??".
You may combine these wildcards, in any combination with literal
text, as many times as you wish. For example: "[19??,*]*v.*,(*)"
might be used to identify a particular sequence of characters with
variable text between each piece.
Since the text you may be trying to search for may include actual *'s
and ?'s, you may temporarily re-assign those wildcard symbols with
the W*! and W?! codes (see pages 129 and 130).
You may also use those wildcards in "replace" text. The Data
Magician keeps track of what text was matched with each wildcard.
For example, if the raw text was:
[1992,1993] v.17,(12)
and you gave the following processing code:
s"[19??,*]*v.*,(*)"Year: 19?? and *,*Volume *, Number *"
The result would be:
Year: 1992 and 1993, Volume 17, Number 12
This happens because each wildcard is matched, in order, with the
text it matched, as illistruted in the table below:
Wildcard #
70
Wildcard
Matching text
1
?
"9"
2
?
"2"
3
*
"1993"
4
*
" "
5
*
"17"
6
*
"12"
Processing Codes
Search Strings
When specifying a piece of text as a search string, you may enter
the double bar ("5", Alt-186, F6) to indicate you want the search
string to start at the beginning of text or at the end. If the search
string starts with the double bar, then the text must be found at the
beginning. If the search text ends at the double bar, then the text
must be found at the end. If the search text starts and ends with
the double bar, then the whole text must match (although you would
probably do this with wildcards). For example, if the text being
searched is "The Wind in the Willows", here are some Search and
Replace codes and their results:
S"the"A"
"A Wind in A Willows"
(both "the"s matched)
S"5the"A"
"A Wind in the Willows"
(only matches the
S"5the5"A"
"The Wind in the Willows"
s"5the*s5"A"
"A"
start)
(didn't match the
whole thing)
Did match whole thing
71
The Data Magician, version 1.5
BRIEF SUMMARY OF PROCESSING CODES
Code
"text"
! comment
A "search text"
B "search text"
BC
B L "search text"
B L characterposition
B L F "fieldname"
BLFn
BLWn
B M '$a'
B R "search text"
B R characterposition
B R F "fieldname"
BRFn
BRWn
B S "search text"
BWn
B X "search text"
C "search text"
C+
CC~
CE
CFn
CL
CRn
CSn
CTn
CU
DT
DX
F "fieldname"
Fn
FC
L
N C "search text"
NIn
NSn
72
Description
Append text string to current data
Append comment to processing codes
And: True if field contains search text AND condition was True
Break out search text
Break up Call Number (or any alphanumeric code)
Break Left of search text
Break Left of character position in data
Break Left of input Field "fieldname"
Break Left of input Field number n
Break Left of Word number n
Break out MARC subfield '$a'
Break Right of search text
Break Right of character position in data
Break Right of input Field "fieldname"
Break Right of input Field number n
Break Right of Word number n
Break into Subfields wherever "search text" is found
Break out Word #n
Break eXtract "search text"
Conditional processing: contains search text
Conditional processing: true
Conditional processing: false
Conditional processing: reverse (not)
Conditional processing: field Empty
Conditional processing: store False in memory n
Conditional Lowercase only
Conditional processing: Recall memory n
Conditional processing: Store memory n
Conditional processing: store True in memory n
Conditional Uppercase only
Date Today in form of YYYYMMDD
Dates: translation of YYYYMMDD to MMM. DD, YYYY
include contents of input Field "field name"
include contents of input Field number n
Field Copy (from Input field with same name)
case conversion to Lower case
Number Count occurrences of "search text"
Numbering: Increment counter by value of n
Numbering: set Starting value of counter to n
Processing Codes
NU
O "searchtext"
OE
P1
PA
QC
QF
QR
S "search"replace"
S n-m
SF
S M "text"
S T "filename"
T B "text"
TBn
T E "text"
TEn
TRn
TSn
U
W*!
W?!
XA
X B "punctuation"
XC
X E "punctuation"
XL
XP
XR
XS
Numbering: Use value of counter in data
Or: True if field contains search text OR previous cond. was True
Or: True if field is Empty OR previous condition was True
case conversion: Proper (capitalize) 1st word
case conversion: Proper (capitalize) All words
Quit Conversion
Quit Field
Quit Record
Substitute "search" text with "replace" text
process only Subfields n to m
include a SubField marker in data
Substitute Marc subfield separator with "text"
look up data in Substitute Table in "filename"
Text Begin if field already has data
Text Begin with stored string number n (0-9)
Text End if field already has data
Text End with stored string number n (0-9)
Text Recall stored string number n (0-9)
Text Store current text as string number n (0-9)
case conversion: Upper case
replace multi Wildcard (*) with ! (or any other)
replace single Wildcard (?) with ! (or any other)
Delete: All extra spaces
Delete: specified punctuation from Beginning of field data
Delete: Clear everything in that field
Delete: specified punctuation from End of field data
Delete: blanks on Left
Delete: Predefined punctuation (" .,/-") from End of field data
Delete: blanks on Right
Delete: extra Subfield markers
73
The Data Magician, version 1.5
"text"
Append text string to current data
Description:
Notes:
1)
Appends the text within quotes to existing data in that field.
The quotes may be any matched pair of: ", ', or `. This way, you can
include any one of the symbols as a literal string of text.
No extra spaces are added unless they are included within the quotes.
2)
Examples:
1)
Data Before:
Process Codes:
Data After:
This is an
"example"
This is an example
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
ABCDE
'123'
ABCDE123
3)
Input Field "Num":
Output field codes:
Result:
7792
'X ' F 'num'
X 7792
4)
Input Field "Last":
Input Field "First":
Output codes:
Result:
West
Ellen
F "last" ", " F "first"
West, Ellen
74
Processing Codes Reference
! comment
Append comment to processing codes
Description:
Allows comments to be included within the processing codes. All characters after
the exclamation mark (!) are ignored.
Notes:
You may use this code to disable codes without actually erasing them (see
Example 2)
1)
Examples:
1)
Data Before:
Process Codes:
Data After:
2)
Data Before:
Process Codes:
Data After:
Smith, John
XL XR !deletes spaces on left and right
Smith, John
Smith, John
! XL XR !deletes spaces on left and right (disabled)
Smith, John
75
The Data Magician, version 1.5
A "searchtext"
And: True if field contains search text AND condition was True
Description:
This code will set the conditional processing "flag" to True if the field contains the
specified search text and any previous conditions were "True". This way you can
have processing codes that are only performed if the field contains a particular
string of text as well as some other condition. For instance, you may wish to
perform certain processing only if two particular words are there.
Notes:
This code is processed regardless of whether the conditional processing flag is
currently True or False.
To get the reverse, True if the field does not meet all of the conditions, follow the
A"searchtext" code with the C~ code (Condition reverse, page 92).
The test ignores all subfield boundaries. The string of text may occur in any
subfield, or even across subfields.
The search text may include wild card symbols (* and ?). See the General Notes
on wildcards (page 67) for more details.
You may enclose the search string in any pair of the three quote symbols (", ', `)
When searching, case is ignored unless you type any of the search text in
UPPER case.
If there has been no previous Conditional code ("C") in the current field, then this
code will act as if it were C"searchtext", since the conditional flag always starts out
"True".
See also the Conditional codes on pages 89 to 92 and the Or codes on pages
110 and 111.
The double bar ("5", F6) can be used to indicate that the search text must be
found at the start or end of the field (see "Search Strings", page 68)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
76
Before:
Codes:
After:
M.Sc. University of Toronto
C"Univ" A"Tor" BL"Univ"
M.Sc.
B.A. University of Washington
C"Univ" A"Tor" BL"Univ"
B.A. University of Washington
Comments
Want to check for University of
Toronto. If so, chop off "Univ..."
Would also work for "M.Sc.
Univ.Tor."
Unaffected, doesn't have "Tor"
Processing Codes Reference
B "search text"
Break out a string of text
Description:
Search the current data for the string of text within quotes. If found, replace the
current data with the search text. Otherwise, does not change the existing data.
This is useful when you wish to extract a piece of text if it is there.
Notes:
The search text may include wildcard symbols (* and ?) See the General Notes
on Wildcards (page 67) for more details.
You may enclose the search string in any pair of the three quote symbols (", ', or
`).
When searching, case is ignored unless you type any of the search text in
UPPER case.
Contrast this code with B X "Search text" (page ?) which will leave the field blank
if the search text is not found.
The double bar ("5", F6) can be used to indicate that the search text must be
found at the start or end of the field (see "Search Strings", page 68)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Examples:
1)
Data before:
Process Codes:
Data After:
2)
3)
Comments
Record Type: Book
B 'book'
Book
Search string all lower case
therefore not case dependant
Before:
Codes:
After:
Record Type: Book
B 'BOOK'
Record Type: Book
Search string all UPPER case
therefore did not match
Before:
Codes:
After:
Vol. 1, No. 2, (1982)
B '(*)'
* is the wildcard
(1982)
77
The Data Magician, version 1.5
BC
Break up a Call number
Description:
This code was specifically designed to insert spaces between the parts of a
Library of Congress call number, if there were no spaces. It will also work for
other alphanumeric codes where the letters and numbers run together.
Notes:
1)
This procedure takes into account a variety of possibilities of Library of Congress
style codes. If you have a similar code you wish to break up, try it a few times to
make sure it works for you.
2)
No extra spaces are added where spaces already exist (see example 1).
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
QA76.7.F21M77 1988
BC
QA 76.7 .F21 M77 1988
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
KF52.P63
BC
KF 52 .P63
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
X500
BC
X 500
78
Processing Codes Reference
B L "search text"
Break Left of search string
Description:
This code will leave all the text to the left of the search text. The data is
unaffected if the search text is not found. This (and Break Right) is particularly
useful when trying to break a field into component pieces.
Notes:
The search text may include wild card symbols (* and ?). See the General Notes
on wildcards (page 67) for more details.
You may enclose the search string in any pair of the three quote symbols (", ', `)
When searching, case is ignored unless you type any of the search text in
UPPER case.
The double bar ("5", F6) can be used to indicate that the search text must be
found at the start or end of the field (see "Search Strings", page 68)
1)
2)
3)
4)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
3)
Comments
Smith, John
B L ','
Smith
Before:
Codes:
After:
Smith John
B L ','
Smith John
Before:
Codes:
After:
Vol. 1, No. 2, (1982)
B L '(*)'
Vol. 1, No. 2,
Search string not found
79
The Data Magician, version 1.5
B L characterposition
B L -characterposition
Break Left of character position in data
Description:
This code returns all the data to the left of the specified position in the data. If
you specify a negative number, the characters are counted from the right side.
This is useful when the contents of a field has several pieces of information in a
specific order, each piece with a specific length (like old computer punch cards).
In MARC records, and in some databases, these are referred to as "fixed fields".
Notes:
If the data does not extend to the specified character position, the data is left
unchanged.
To extract a range of characters from the middle, use a combination of Break Left
and Break Right of character position.
1)
2)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
CAN0090..ENGXC
BL4
CAN
Comments
'CAN' is a country code
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
CAN0090..ENGXC
BL 13 BR 9
ENG
'ENG' is a language code
2 steps required (or BR9 BL4)
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
ABC123ZZ
B L -2
ABC123
we want to remove the 'ZZ'
chop off last 2 characters
80
Processing Codes Reference
B L F "fieldname"
Break Left of input Field name/number
Description:
This code is similar to the Break Left/Right of search text, except that instead of
specifying the search text in quotes, you tell it to use the contents of an Input
Field as the search text.
Notes:
Only an Input Field can be used for this code.
If the search string is not found, the data is unaffected.
1)
2)
Examples:
1)
Input Field "Title":
Data Before:
Processing Codes:
Data After:
2)
Input Field #5:
Data Before:
Processing Codes:
Data After:
Data Processing
Smith, John (1985) Data Processing
B L F 'Title'
Smith, John (1985)
(May 1985)
Science (May 1985)
BLF5
Science
81
The Data Magician, version 1.5
B L W wordnumber
B L W -wordnumber
Break Left of Word number
Description:
This code will return all text to the left of a specified "word". A "word" is any group
of letters and/or digits separated by spaces or punctuation. If the word number
is positive, the words are counted from the left side. If the number is negative
(preceded by a minus sign), words are counted from the right side.
Notes:
If the specified word number is not found, the data is left unchanged.
1)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
82
Before:
Codes:
After:
Comments
Joshua Thompson
BLW2
Joshua
X 62 Main
B L W -1
X 62
'Main' is a location
Break left of last word
Processing Codes Reference
B M "$abc"
Break out MARC subfield "$a"
Description:
Generally used only in processing MARC communication files, this code helps
quickly identify a MARC subfield. If the specified subfield is found, the current
data is replaced with the contents of that subfield. If the subfield is not found, the
current data is replaced with nothing.
Notes:
You may enclose the search string in any pair of the three quote symbols (", ', or
`).
You may be able to use this code for other purposes. The Data Magician looks
for the first occurrence of the symbols in quotes. It then looks for the same first
character to be repeated (eg: the '$'). The text, not including the surrounding
symbols replace the current text.
If the end symbol is not found, but the starting symbols are, then all text following
the starting symbols are returned.
You may specify multiple subfields to extract (see example 3)
If the last character you specify is the subfield marker, that indicates to The Data
Magician to include the subfield markers before each subfield (example 4)
You may use the asterisk "*" to indicate that you want all subfileds (see example
5)
You may use the period (".") as a subfield code to represent the two-character
indicator codes before the first subfield (see example 6)
Subfields are extracted in the order of the original data unless the first character
after the first subfield marker is an exclamation point ("!") (see example 7)
If multiple subfields are extracted they are separated, by default, by a space. You
may override this with the SM"text" code (see page ?) (see example 8). Nothing
is added, however, if you are also extracting the subfield markers (see note 5,
above)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
Examples:
1)
Data before:
Process Codes:
Data After:
2)
Comments
$aToronto$bMcGraw-Hill$c1984
B M '$b'
McGraw-Hill
Before:
Codes:
After:
$aNew York$c1987
B M '$b'
3)
Data before:
Process Codes:
Data After:
$aToronto$bMcGraw-Hill$c1984
B M '$ac'
Requested multiple subfields
Toronto 1984
Note that they are separated by a space
4)
Data before:
Process Codes:
Data After:
$aToronto$bMcGraw-Hill$c1984
B M '$ac$'
Subfield marker at end, therefore
$aToronto$c1984
subfield codes are included
5)
Data before:
Process Codes:
Data After:
$aToronto$bMcGraw-Hill$c1984
B M '$*'
Specify that all subfields should be extracted
Toronto McGraw-Hill 1984
Subfield doesn't exist
therefore nothing is left
83
The Data Magician, version 1.5
6)
7)
8)
84
Data before:
Process Codes:
14CaThe titleCb: subtitle
B M 'C.aC'
Data After:
14CaThe title
Data before:
Process Codes:
_aSmith_bJohn_cE._dMr.
B M '_!dbca'
Data After:
Mr. John E. Smith
Data before:
Process Codes:
Data After:
CaComputingCxCanada
SM " -- " BM'C*'
Computing -- Canada
Note the subfield marker (Alt-214)
Extract indicator codes (".") and
subfield "a",
plus the subfield markers ("C")
Just happen to use underscore ("_")
Specify the order of subfields and
use "!"
Results in order specified
Separate subfields with " -- "
Processing Codes Reference
B R "search text"
Break Right of search string
Description:
This code will return all the text to the right of the search text. The data is
unaffected if the search text is not found. This (and Break Left) is particularly
useful when trying to break a field into component pieces.
Notes:
The search text may include wild card symbols (* and ?). See the General Notes
on wildcards (page 67) for more details.
You may enclose the search string in any pair of the three quote symbols (", ', `)
When searching, case is ignored unless you type any of the search text in
UPPER case.
The double bar ("5", F6) can be used to indicate that the search text must be
found at the start or end of the field (see "Search Strings", page 68)
1)
2)
3)
4)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
3)
Comments
Thompson, Joshua
B R ','
Joshua
Before:
Codes:
After:
Thompson Joshua
B R ','
Thompson Joshua
Before:
Codes:
After:
(1982) Vol. 1, No. 2
B R '(*)'
Vol. 1, No. 2
Search string not found
85
The Data Magician, version 1.5
B R characterposition
B R -characterposition
Break Right of character position in data
Description:
This code returns all the data to the right of the specified position in the data. If
you specify a negative number, the characters are counted from the right side.
This is useful when the contents of a field has several pieces of information in a
specific order, each piece with a specific length (like old computer punch cards).
In MARC records, and in some databases, these are referred to as "fixed fields".
Notes:
If the data does not extend to the specified character position, the data is left
unchanged.
To extract a range of characters from the middle, use a combination of Break Left
and Break Right of character position.
1)
2)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
CAN0090..ENGXC
BR12
XC
Comments
we want to extract 'XC'
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
CAN0090..ENGXC
BR 9 BL 4
ENG
'ENG' is a language code
2 steps required (or BL13 BR9)
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
ABC123ZZ
B R -2
ZZ
we want to extract the 'ZZ'
chop off everything before
last 2 characters
86
Processing Codes Reference
B R F "fieldname"
Break Right of input Field name/number
Description:
This code is similar to the Break Left/Right of search text, except that instead of
specifying the search text in quotes, you tell it to use the contents of an Input
Field as the search text.
Notes:
Only an Input Field can be used for this code.
If the search string is not found, the data is unaffected.
You may enclose the field name in any pair of the three quote symbols (", ', `)
1)
2)
3)
Examples:
1)
Input Field "Date":
Data Before:
Processing Codes:
Data After:
2)
Input Field #7:
Data Before:
Processing Codes:
Data After:
(1985)
Smith, John (1985) Data Processing
B R F 'date'
Data Processing
Science
Science (May 1985)
BRF7
(May 1985)
87
The Data Magician, version 1.5
B R W wordnumber
B R W -wordnumber
Break Right of Word number
Description:
This code will return all text to the text to the right of a specified "word". A "word"
is any group of letters and/or digits separated by spaces or punctuation. If the
word number is positive, the words are counted from the left side. If the number
is negative (preceded by a minus sign), words are counted from the right side.
Notes:
If the specified word number is not found, the data is left unchanged.
When breaking right of a word, it starts immediately after the last character of the
indicated word (see Example 3)
1)
2)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Comments
Joshua Thompson
BRW1
Thompson
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
X 62 Main
B R W -2
Main
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
1987 Salary: 55000.00
BRW 2
: 55000.00
88
'Main' is a location
Break right of 2nd last word
Starts after the 'y' in Salary
Processing Codes Reference
B S "search text"
Break into Subfields on search text
Description:
This code breaks up data into separate subfields which are then easily
manipulated as individual units. For software that recognizes subfields (or
"multiple entries"), such as INMAGIC, Pro-Cite, or Revelation, you may need to
have these subfields handled in special ways. INMAGIC, for instance, needs
these subfields listed each on a separate line, while Pro-Cite needs slashes
between each one.
The Data Magician uses an internal format of placing a special double vertical bar
("5", ASCII code 186) between each piece. This is how it will be displayed when
reading and converting data manually.
Notes:
The search text may contain wild card symbols (* and ?). See the General Notes
on wildcards (page 67) for more information.
The double bar ("5", F6) can be used to indicate that the search text must be
found at the start or end of the field (see "Search Strings", page 68)
1)
2)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
computers; calculators; typewriters
BS "; "
computers5calculators5typewriters
Dogs Cats Fish Pets
BS " "
Dogs5Cats5Fish5Pets
89
The Data Magician, version 1.5
BWn
B W -n
Break out Word number n
Description:
Extracts from the data a single "word" specified by the number n. A "word" is any
group of letters and/or digits separated by spaces or punctuation. If the word
number is positive, the words are counted from the left side. If the number is
negative (preceded by a minus sign), words are counted from the right side.
Notes:
If the specified word number is not found, nothing is returned.
Only the word itself is extracted, no attached punctuation or spaces.
1)
2)
Example:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Vol. 3, No. 7 (1974)
BW 2
3
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Vol. 3, No. 7 (1974)
BW -1
1974
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Vol. 3, No. 7 (1974)
BW6
90
Comments
We want to extract the Volume
We want to extract the Date
Doesn't exist
Processing Codes Reference
C "searchtext"
Condition: True if field contains search text
Description:
This code will set the conditional processing "flag" to True if the field contains the
specified search text. This way you can have processing codes that are only
performed if the field contains a particular string of text.
Notes:
This code is processed regardless of whether the conditional processing flag is
True or False.
To get the reverse, True if the field does not contain the search text, follow the
C"searchtext" code with the C~ code (Condition reverse).
The test ignores all subfield boundaries. The string of text may occur in any
subfield, or even across subfields.
The search text may include wild card symbols (* and ?). See the General Notes
on wildcards (page 67) for more details.
You may enclose the search string in any pair of the three quote symbols (", ', `)
When searching, case is ignored unless you type any of the search text in
UPPER case.
The double bar ("5", F6) can be used to indicate that the search text must be
found at the start or end of the field (see "Search Strings", page 68)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
3)
4)
S/N 009877
C"S/N" XC
Before:
Codes:
After:
Z 76.5 .F33 1987
C"S/N" XC
Z 76.5 .F33 1987
Before:
Codes:
After:
Z 76.5 .F33 1987
C"S/N" C~ XC
Before:
Codes:
After:
PC Magazine, (1988)
C'(*)' B"(*)" C~ XC
(1988)
Comments
Situation: mixed serial numbers and
call numbers, want to clear serial
numbers if they exist.
Unaffected, does not have "S/N"
Want reverse of above
Therefore cleared, no "S/N"
Break out date if found, else clear
Note that C~ gives the reverse
91
The Data Magician, version 1.5
C+
Conditional processing: true
Description:
This sets the conditional processing "flag" to "true". That is, all codes following
this one (until a "false" is found) will be processed. Other conditional processing
codes may stop further processing. This is also useful if you wish to turn
processing back on after a False result from one of the other conditional codes
(eg: CE or C"search text"), see example 3.
Notes:
1)
You may use this to have some codes temporarily disabled with a C- (see below)
and then later codes can be executed once a C+ is encountered (see examples
1 and 2). This can be helpful when you know you will reinstate some codes later
that you want to temporarily disable now.
2)
This code is processed regardless of whether the conditional processing flag is
True or False.
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Comments
computers; calculators; typewriters
BS "; " C- U C+ "-xxx"
Disable Upper Code
computers-xxx5calculators-xxx5typewriters-xxx
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
computers; calculators; typewriters
BS "; " U "-xxx"
Enable Upper Code
COMPUTERS-xxx5CALCULATORS-xxx5TYPEWRITERS-xxx
3)
Before:
RC
Codes:
After:
CE "MAIN" C+ "-" NS 1 NU NI 1
RC-1
92
Assume this is a location
code
We want "MAIN" if nothing,
then add a number
Processing Codes Reference
C-
Conditional processing: false
Description:
Notes: 1)
This sets the conditional processing "flag" to "false". That is, all codes following
this one (until a "true" is found) will not be processed. Other conditional
processing codes may restart processing.
One use of this code could be to have some codes temporarily disabled with a Cand then later codes can be executed once a C+ (see above) is encountered.
This can be helpful when you know you will reinstate some codes later that you
want to temporarily disable now.
2)
Example:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
This code is processed regardless of whether the conditional processing
flag is True or False.
Comments
computers; calculators; typewriters
BS "; " C- U C+ "-xxx"
Disable Upper Code
computers-xxx5calculators-xxx5typewriters-xxx
computers; calculators; typewriters
BS "; " U "-xxx"
Enable Upper Code
COMPUTERS-xxx5CALCULATORS-xxx5TYPEWRITERS-xxx
93
The Data Magician, version 1.5
C~
Conditional processing: reverse (not)
Description:
This code reverses the conditional processing "flag", ie: from "true" to "false", or
"false" to "true". When the flag is "false" further processing of codes is
suspended, except for other Conditional codes, until the flag is set back to "true".
This is especially useful if you want the opposite of CE or C"searchtext", ie: when
not empty, or does not contain the search text.
Notes:
This code is processed regardless of whether the conditional processing flag is
True or False.
1)
Example:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
94
Before:
Codes:
After:
Comments
CE C~ F"AUTHOR"
Put author here if not empty
-> nothing happens
ger
c"eng" c~ qr
Assume this is a language code
Don't process (QR) if not english
-> record is abandoned
Processing Codes Reference
CE
Condition: True if Empty field
Description:
This code will set the conditional processing "flag" to True if the field is currently
empty. This way you can have processing codes that are only performed if the
field is empty.
Notes:
1)
This code is processed regardless of whether the conditional processing flag is
True or False.
2)
To get the reverse, True if the field is not empty, follow the CE code with the C~
code (Condition reverse, page 92).
3)
The test ignores all subfield boundaries. If the field has any data (even spaces),
then the result is False. It must be completely empty to be True.
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
CE "None."
None.
Comments
Sometimes you want to have something
there even if the field is empty.
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Smith, John
CE "None."
Smith, John
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
XX
CE C~ "-" ns 1 nu ni 1
XX-1
Assume this is some code
Add an incrementing number if not
empty.
4)
Before:
Codes:
After:
CE QR
If this field is empty, we
don't want this record.
Therefore, record is abandoned
95
The Data Magician, version 1.5
CFn
Conditional processing: store False in memory n
Description:
This code will set the conditional processing "flag" to False in one or all of the
conditional processing memory "stores". There are 99 memory stores in all
(numbered 1 to 99). A single store may be referenced by giving a single number
(eg: CF 5), or you may specify all memory stores with an asterisk (eg: CF *) which
will set all stores to False. These memory stores allow you to record some
condition and then have later processing act on that condition (using the CR n Condition Recall code, see page 96). For instance, you may wish to execute
some codes if a particular field had an "M" vs. an "S", or if a field had been blank
or not.
Notes:
1)
This code is only processed if the current conditional processing flag is True.
2)
The memory stores are all set to False when processing starts and are not reset
or changed during the conversion unless explicitly told by the processing codes.
When processing records manually, one-at-a-time, the memory stores are reset
whenever the input file is opened or reset (Alt-F3).
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
96
Before:
Codes:
After:
S
C"M" C~ CF 10
S
CE CF*
Comments
We want to note if an "M" was there
Store False in #10 if NOT there
Memory store 10 is now "False"
If this field is empty, we want to set all
memory stores to "False"
They would all now be False
Processing Codes Reference
CL
Condition: True if field contains all Lowercase characters
Description:
This code will set the conditional processing "flag" to True if the field contains all
Lowercase characters. If any of the text is uppercase, this will give the result of
"False"
Notes:
This code is processed regardless of whether the conditional processing flag is
True or False.
The test ignores all subfield boundaries. All characters in the entire field must be
lowercase for this to be "True".
1)
2)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
3)
computer software review
CL PA
Computer Software Review
Comments
Journal name, all lowercase
If it is all lowercase, capitalize each
word
Before:
Codes:
After:
USA today
CL PA
USA today
Unaffected, some uppercase letters
Before:
Codes:
After:
life5USA today
CL PA
life5USA today
Two occurrences
Unaffected, some uppercase in field
97
The Data Magician, version 1.5
CRn
Conditional processing: Recall memory n
Description:
This code will recall the conditional processing status of one of the conditional
processing memory "stores". There are 99 memory stores in all (numbered 1 to
99). A memory store may be recalled by giving the memory store number (eg:
CR 5). The Condition Recall code allows you to recall some earlier condition set
with Condition Store (see page 97), True (page 98), or False (page 94). For
instance, you may wish to execute some codes if a particular field had an "M" vs.
an "S", or if a field had been blank or not.
Notes:
1)
This code is processed regardless of whether the current conditional processing
flag is True or False.
2)
The memory stores are all set to False when processing starts and are not reset
or changed during the conversion unless explicitly told by the processing codes.
When processing records manually, one-at-a-time, the memory stores are reset
whenever the input file is opened or reset (Alt-F3).
3)
Remember that the fields are processed in order of field number, input fields then
output fields. This may require some special consideration if you wish to process
an input field based on the condition of a higher numbered input field. In general,
this can be resolved by creating a special input field, which comes after the field
to be tested. Copy the information in from the original, earlier field, then perform
the conditional processing.
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
2)
98
CR 10 F"Date" C~ F"Vol"
Comments
Starting with blank output field
If an "M" was encountered before, get
"Date" field, otherwise get "Vol" field
Say there had been an "M", got "Date" field
After:
1991
Before:
Codes:
After:
Ontario
If Cond 3 set, then pub. in Canada
CR 3 TE ", Canada" C~ TE ", California"
Ontario, Canada
Processing Codes Reference
CSn
Conditional processing: Store memory n
Description:
This code will store the current conditional processing "flag" in one of the
conditional processing memory "stores". There are 99 memory stores in all
(numbered 1 to 99). A memory store may be referenced by giving the number
(eg: CS 5). These memory stores allow you to record allow you to record some
condition and then have later processing act on that condition (using the CR n Condition Recall code, see page 96). For instance, you may wish to execute
some codes if a particular field had an "M" vs. an "S", or if a field had been blank
or not.
Notes:
1)
This code is processed regardless of whether the current conditional processing
flag is True or False.
2)
The memory stores are all set to False when processing starts and are not reset
or changed during the conversion unless explicitly told by the processing codes.
When processing records manually, one-at-a-time, the memory stores are reset
whenever the input file is opened or reset (Alt-F3). This allows you to record
conditions that have EVER occurred during the conversion.
3)
Remember that the fields are processed in order of field number, input fields then
output fields. This may require some special consideration if you wish to process
an input field based on the condition of a higher numbered input field. In general,
this can be resolved by creating a special input field, which comes after the field
to be tested. Copy the information in from the original, earlier field, then perform
the conditional processing.
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
S
C"M" CS 10
M
CE CS 1
Comments
We want to note if an "M" was there or not
Store True or False in #10
Memory store 10 is now "False"
Store in memory store #1 whether this field
was blank or not
Memory store 1 is now True
99
The Data Magician, version 1.5
CTn
Conditional processing: store True in memory n
Description:
This code will set the conditional processing "flag" to True in one or all of the
conditional processing memory "stores". There are 99 memory stores in all
(numbered 1 to 99). A single store may be referenced by giving a single number
(eg: CT 5), or you may specify all memory stores with an asterisk (eg: CT *) which
will set all stores to True. These memory stores allow you to record allow you to
record some condition and then have later processing act on that condition (using
the CR n - Condition Recall code, see page 96). For instance, you may wish to
execute some codes if a particular field had an "M" vs. an "S", or if a field had
been blank or not.
Notes:
1)
This code is processed regardless of whether the current conditional processing
flag is True or False.
2)
The memory stores are all set to False when processing starts and are not reset
or changed during the conversion unless explicitly told by the processing codes.
When processing records manually, one-at-a-time, the memory stores are reset
whenever the input file is opened or reset (Alt-F3).
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
100
Before:
Codes:
After:
M
C"M" CT 10
M
CE CT*
Comments
We want to note that an "M" was there
Store True in #10 if true
Memory store 10 is now "True" (Note: if
there was no M, but #10 had been True, it
still would be True)
If this field is empty, we want to set all
memory stores to "True"
They would all now be True
Processing Codes Reference
CU
Condition: True if field contains all Upper case characters
Description:
This code will set the conditional processing "flag" to True if the field contains all
Uppercase characters. If any of the text is lowercase, this will give the result of
"False"
Notes:
This code is processed regardless of whether the conditional processing flag is
True or False.
The test ignores all subfield boundaries. All characters in the entire field must be
uppercase for this to be "True".
1)
2)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
3)
SMITH
CU L P1
Smith
Comments
Last name, all upper case
If it is all upper case, drop it to lower
and capitalize the first word
Before:
Codes:
After:
Van HORNE
CU L P1
Van HORNE
Unaffected, some lowercase letters
Before:
Codes:
After:
SMITH5Van HORNE
CU L P1
SMITH5Van HORNE
Two occurrences
Unaffected, some lowercase in field
101
The Data Magician, version 1.5
DT
Date Today in form of YYYYMMDD
Description:
This code will automatically insert today's date in the form of YYYYMMDD (eg:
May 4, 1989 would appear as 19890504).
Notes:
1)
Your system clock must be set to today's date for this code to work correctly.
2)
To create today's date in the form "Mmm. DD, YYYY" (eg: May 4, 1997), then
follow the DT code by the DX code (see page 101, and example 2)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
102
Before:
Codes:
After:
Comments
DT
19970522
Assuming today is May 22, 1997
DT DX
May 22, 1997
Same assumption
Processing Codes Reference
DX
Date conversion: from YYMMDD to Mmm. DD, YYYY
Description:
This code provides a simple conversion of date formats from the International
standard "YYMMDD" (also used by dBase III), or "YYYYMMDD" to a text format
"Mmm. DD, YYYY".
Notes:
If the format of the date does not seem to be either "YYMMDD" or "YYYYMMDD",
or if the Month or Day are invalid, then the data will remain unchanged.
1)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Comments
881024
DX
Oct. 24, 1988
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
18890115
DX
Jan. 15, 1889
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
761603
DX
761603
Invalid Month (16)
therefore, left unchanged
103
The Data Magician, version 1.5
F "fieldname"
F "fieldname5options"
F fieldnum
Include contents of input Field fieldname/fieldnum
Description:
This code appends the contents of the specified Input field to the contents of the
current field (Input or Output). You may specify the Input field by name or
number.
This is generally the minimum code you will need when defining the Output Fields.
This is how you draw the information from the Input Field into the Output Field.
Since you may draw from any field you wish, you are free to move fields into any
order that suits you.
Notes:
You may use either the "Field Name" or the "Long Name/Description". If there are
two Input fields with the same name, it will draw from the field with the lower
number.
If the field is divided into Subfields (really "occurrences"), it will include them all
unless a range has been specified by the "S n-m" processing code (see page
119) which specifies the first and/or last Subfields to be included in processing.
You may enclose the field name in any pair of the three quote symbols (", ', `)
There are a number of options that can be specified. They must occur after the
field name and after the double bar ("5", character 186), which can be entered by
pressing F6. The options are:
(n-m)
only include occurrences from n to m (see example 3)
[a-b]
only include character positions a to b (see example 4)
$abc
only include subfields a, b, and c (see example 5)
/O
draw from the named Output field (see example 6)
The options (n-m) and [a-b] can be open-ended, the ending value is optional. The
Data Magician will then take everything from the starting point to the end (see
example 3).
The option to include subfields (eg: $abc ) can include any of the options of the
Break Marc code (see BM, page 81)
Multiple options can be combined (ie: f"fieldname5(1-3)$abc" ) (see example 7)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Examples:
1)
Input Field "Author":
Codes (for "AU"):
"AU" after processing:
Burton, Pierre
F"author"
Burton, Pierre
2)
Input Field 7:
Codes (for "DT"):
"DT" After:
1987
F7
1987
3)
Input Field "Author"
Codes for field "ADDED":
"ADDED" results:
Smith, J.5Johnston, A.5Franklin, T.
f'Author5(2-)'
Just want 2nd and subsequent
Johnston, A.5Franklin, T.
authors
104
Processing Codes Reference
4)
Input Field "Survey":
Codes for field "Loc":
Results:
bx17g993a5bf18h922l
f"survey5[5-8]"
Just want 5th to 8th characters
g9935h922
5)
Input Field "245":
Codes for "Title":
Results for "Title":
10$aComputers$b: care and feeding$wgfg345
f'2455$abcd'
Just want subfields a, b, c, d
Computers : care and feeding
6)
Output Field "ID":
Codes for "CallNo":
Results for "CallNo":
77212
Note that this is an *Output* field
"HQ " f"id5/o" CallNo is also an output field, but after
HQ 77212
"ID" (since it will be processed later)
7)
Input Field "260":
Codes for "DATE":
Results for "DATE":
$aQue$bToronto$c19965$aQue$bNew York$c1997
F"2605(1)$c" Just want first date
1996
105
The Data Magician, version 1.5
FC
Field Copy (from Input field with same name)
Description:
Looks for an Input field with the same name as the field for this code. Then draws
the information from that input field. This is especially useful in the Global Field
Processing Codes for the Output file to simply copy all fields with the same
name.
Notes:
You may use either the "Field Name" or the "Long Name/Description". If there are
two Input fields with the same name, it will draw from the field with the lower
number.
If the field is divided into Subfields, it will include them all unless a range has been
specified by the "S n-m" processing code (see page 119) which specifies the first
and/or last Subfields to be included in processing.
You may enclose the field name in any pair of the three quote symbols (", ', `)
1)
2)
3)
Examples:
1)
Input Field "AU":
Output Field "AU":
Codes (for "AU"):
"AU" after processing:
2)
106
Input Field "DT":
Output Field "DT":
Output Global Field Process Codes:
Codes (for "DT"):
"DT" After:
Burton, Pierre
FC
Burton, Pierre
1987
FC
1987
Processing Codes Reference
L
Lowercase conversion
Description:
Takes the current field and converts all letters to lowercase.
Notes:
This is often useful in conjunction with the "P 1", or "P A" processing codes (see
pages 112 and 113) which then capitalize the first letters of the 1st word, or All
words, respectively (see Example 2).
1)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Comments
LAW-HISTORY
L
law-history
CALDWELL, DAVID A.
l pa
Caldwell, David A.
lowercase, capitalize each
107
The Data Magician, version 1.5
N C "searchtext"
Number Count number of occurrences of "searchtext"
Description:
This code can be used to count the number of occurrences of any string in an
entire field. The current field is replaced by that number. This is best used by
making a copy of an existing field, use N C code and then use the results
elsewhere.
Notes:
This code works across the entire field, not separately for each occurrence.
The number of occurrences of a field can be counted by using NS "5" (see
examples 3-5)
The search text may include wild card symbols (* and ?). See the General Notes
on wildcards (page 67) for more details.
You may enclose the search string in any pair of the three quote symbols (", ', `)
When searching, case is ignored unless you type any of the search text in
UPPER case (see example 2).
The double bar ("5", F6) can be used to indicate that the search text must be
found at the start or end of the field (see "Search Strings", page 68)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
3)
4)
5)
108
Comments
HQ 1235REF 1175HQ 22
NC "HQ"
2
Count number of items in "HQ"
Before:
Codes:
After:
HQ 1235REF 1175HQ 22
NC "hq"
2
Before:
Codes:
After:
HQ 1235REF 1175HQ 22
NC "5"
3
Count number of occurrences
Before:
Codes:
After:
NC "5"
0
Blank
Count occurrences
None
Before:
Codes:
After:
55
NC "5"
3
Blank, except for occurrence markers
Count occurrences
There are 3 occurrences (all blank)
Search text lower case
Still finds both
Processing Codes Reference
NIn
Numbering: Increment counter by value of n
Description:
If a numeric counter has been started (see "N S n", page 108), then increment it
by the value of 'n'. This number can then be used in a field with the "N U" code
(see page 109).
This is especially useful for generating automatically numbered records for
systems that require a unique number for each record.
Notes:
You may only increment by positive numbers.
This code is typically used only in the same set of processing codes with the "N
S n" and "N U" codes (see Example 1). Also, it is usually used only in the Output
Fields.
You may only have one counter running at a time. Once a "N S n" is
encountered, all further occurrences of that code are ignored until the conversion
process is re-started.
Separate "N I n" codes would all increment the same counter. Likewise, separate
"N U" codes would draw from the same counter value.
1)
2)
3)
4)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
NS 1 NU NI 1
1
Comments
Blank, to start
Start at 1, use the number,
and increment by 1.
NS 100 NU NI 10
110
Blank, to start
Start at 100, Incr. by 10
after the second record
109
The Data Magician, version 1.5
NSn
Numbering: set Starting value of counter to n
Description:
Activates an automatic numeric counter, starting at the value of n. This number
can then be drawn into a field with the "N U" code (see page 109). Once this
code has been encountered (ie: on the first record), it will no longer have any
effect on subsequent records.
This is especially useful for generating automatically numbered records for
systems that require a unique number for each record.
Notes:
You may only start with a positive number.
This code is typically used only in the same set of processing codes with the "N
U" and "N I n" codes (see Examples). Also, it is usually used only in the Output
Fields.
You may only have one counter running at a time. Once a "N S n" is
encountered, all further occurrences of that code are ignored until the conversion
process is re-started.
1)
2)
3)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
110
Before:
Codes:
After:
NS 1 NU NI 1
1
Comments
Blank, to start
Start at 1, use the number,
and increment by 1.
NS 100 NU NI 10
110
Blank, to start
Start at 100, Incr. by 10
after the second record
Processing Codes Reference
NU
Numbering: Use value of counter in current data
Description:
If a numeric counter has been started (see "N S n", page 108), then take the
value of that counter and append it to the contents of the current field.
This is especially useful for generating automatically numbered records for
systems that require a unique number for each record.
Notes:
You may only increment by positive numbers.
This code is typically used only in the same set of processing codes with the "N
S n" and "N I n" codes (see Examples). Also, it is usually used only in the Output
Fields.
You may only have one counter running at a time. Once a "N S n" is
encountered, all further occurrences of that code are ignored until the conversion
process is re-started.
Separate "N U" codes would all draw from the same counter. Likewise, separate
"N I n" codes would all increment the same counter value.
1)
2)
3)
4)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
3)
NS 1 NU NI 1
1
Comments
Blank, to start
Start at 1, use the number,
and increment by 1.
Before:
Codes:
After:
NS 100 NU NI 10
110
Blank, to start
Start at 100, Incr. by 10
after the second record
Before:
Codes:
After:
RC
NS 1200 NU NI 1
RC 1200
Location: RC
Start at 1200 to add to file
111
The Data Magician, version 1.5
O "searchtext"
Or: True if field contains search text OR previous condition was True
Description:
This code will set the conditional processing "flag" to True if the field contains the
specified search text or if the previous condition was "True". This way you can
have processing codes that are only performed if the field contains a particular
string of text or some other condition. For instance, you may wish to perform
certain processing if either of two or more particular strings of text are present.
Notes:
This code is processed regardless of whether the conditional processing flag is
currently True or False.
To get the reverse, True if the field does not meet any condition, follow the
O"searchtext" code with the C~ code (Condition reverse, page 92).
The test ignores all subfield boundaries. The string of text may occur in any
subfield, or even across subfields.
The search text may include wild card symbols (* and ?). See the General Notes
on wildcards (page 67) for more details.
You may enclose the search string in any pair of the three quote symbols (", ', `)
When searching, case is ignored unless you type any of the search text in
UPPER case.
If there has been no previous Conditional code ("C") in the current field, then this
code will act as if it were C+, since the conditional flag always starts out "True".
See also the Conditional codes on pages 89 to 92 and the And code on page 74.
The double bar ("5", F6) can be used to indicate that the search text must be
found at the start or end of the field (see "Search Strings", page 68)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
2)
112
ISSN: 7123-8810
C"ISBN:" O"ISSN:" BR":" C~ XC
After:
7123-8810
Before:
Codes:
After:
Stock #: 79-14467
C"ISBN:" O"ISSN:" BR":" C~ XC
Comments
Given a field whose contents may vary
Look for "ISBN:" or "ISSN:". If
found, take it. If not, clear the data.
It was there, so take it.
Different data
Look for ISBN/ISSN
Not found, so field cleared
Processing Codes Reference
OE
Or: True if field is Empty OR previous condition was True
Description:
This code will set the conditional processing "flag" to True if the field is currently
empty or if the previous condition was "True". This way you can have processing
codes that are performed if the field is empty or contains a particular piece of text.
Notes:
This code is processed regardless of whether the conditional processing flag is
True or False.
To get the reverse, True if the field does not meet any of the previous conditions,
follow the OE code with the C~ code (Condition reverse, page 92).
The test ignores all subfield boundaries. If the field has any data (even spaces),
then the result is False. It must be completely empty to be True.
If there has been no previous Conditional code ("C") in the current field, then this
code will act as if it were C+, since the conditional flag always starts out "True".
See also the Conditional codes on pages 89 to 92 and the And code on page 74.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Smith, John
C"," OE C~ XC "Corporate"
Smith, John
Comments
Want to note 'Corporate' when
there's a corporate author,
but leave alone if empty or a
comma (indicating a personal author)
University of Guelph
C"," OE C~ XC "Corporate"
Corporate
113
The Data Magician, version 1.5
P1
Proper (capitalize) the 1st word
Description:
Capitalizes the first letter of the first word of the current data.
Notes:
If the first letter of the first word is already in upper case, then it is not affected.
The first "word" need not be the first characters in the entry. The Data Magician
finds the first "word" (using it's standard definition of any group of letters or digits),
and then checks to see if the first character of that word is lowercase. If so, it is
changed.
This process is repeated for every "subfield" within the field (unless limited by the
"S n-m" code, see page 119). Therefore, several multi-word phrases (eg:
Authors, subject terms, etc.) can be changed if they are first put into separate
subfields.
This (and the "P A" code, see below) is often used in conjunction with the "L"
(convert to lowercase) code to take something in all uppercase and convert it to
upper/lower case.
Currently, this code only handles the ASCII character set.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Comments
taxation-laws
P1
Taxation-laws
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
indians5inuit5native people
p1
Indians5Inuit5Native people
Multiple subfields
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
INDIANS5INUIT5NATIVE PEOPLE
LP1
Indians5Inuit5Native people
All Uppercase
drop to lowercase first
114
Processing Codes Reference
PA
Proper (capitalize) All words
Description:
Capitalizes the first letter of the every word of the current data.
Notes:
If the first letter of a word is already in upper case, then it is not affected.
This process is repeated separately for every "subfield" within the field (unless
limited by the "S n-m" code, see page 119).
This (and the "P 1" code, see above) is often used in conjunction with the "L"
(convert to lowercase) code to take something in all uppercase and convert it to
upper/lower case.
Currently, this code only handles the ASCII character set.
1)
2)
3)
4)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Comments
taxation-laws
PA
Taxation-Laws
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
indians5inuit5native people
pa
Indians5Inuit5Native People
Multiple subfields
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
INDIANS5INUIT5NATIVE PEOPLE
LPA
Indians5Inuit5Native People
All Uppercase
drop to lowercase first
115
The Data Magician, version 1.5
QC
Quit Conversion
Description:
If this code is processed, it will cancel the conversion in progress. You would
generally only use this code after one of the conditional processing codes (see
pages 89 to 92). This may be useful if you are concerned that if a particular field
is empty or contains invalid characters, that the whole conversion is invalid.
Notes:
When this code is encountered, all further processing on the current record is
cancelled, and the output file is closed. If you are in manual mode, you will asked
if you wish to quit. If you are in "auto execute" mode then the program will end.
1)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
116
Before:
Codes:
After:
22317
CE QC
22317
Comments
Assume this is a record number
If there is no record number,
something is assumed wrong with the file
and the conversion would be cancelled.
RSN 00189
c"rsn" c~ qc
RSN 00189
Similarly, if "RSN" isn't there,
cancel the conversion.
But it's okay here.
Processing Codes Reference
QF
Quit Field
Description:
If this code is processed, it will cease processing codes in the current field. You
would generally only use this code after one of the conditional processing codes
(see pages 89 to 92). This may be useful if you are doing some complex
processing and you do not want any more processing done after a given point if
some condition is met (eg: the field is empty, or not).
Notes:
1)
When this code is encountered, all further processing on the current field is
stopped. The field is left as it was at the point where the Q F code was
encountered. It has no effect on other fields.
2)
One benefit of this code is to avoid processing time on a field that is empty, or
fails some other condition. If there are a lot of other codes following the
conditional, they would all be analyzed in case some condition became "true".
The Q F code stops The Data Magician from even looking at the remaining codes,
thus saving time.
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Comments
QC76.2.F56 1984
A somewhat lengthy set of codes
CE QF C" 19" S" 19" Year: 19" C" 18" S" 18" Year: 18" C+ BC
QC 76.2 .F56 Year: 1984
Note that all the processing was done
The same set of codes, but no data
CE QF C" 19" S" 19" Year: 19" C" 18" S" 18" Year: 18" C+ BC
The codes after QF would be
ignored, saving time
117
The Data Magician, version 1.5
QR
Quit Record
Description:
If this code is processed, it will cancel processing of the record in progress. You
would generally only use this code after one of the conditional processing codes
(see pages 89 to 92). This may be useful if you do not want to include records
that contain (or don't contain) a particular code, or if a particular field is empty (or
not).
Notes:
When this code is encountered, all further processing on the current record is
cancelled. Nothing is written to disk for that record.
1)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
3)
118
22317
CE QR
22317
Comments
Assume this is a record number
If there is no record number,
then this record is invalid and should not be
included.
Before:
Codes:
After:
RSN 00189
c"rsn" c~ qc
RSN 00189
Similarly, if "RSN" isn't there,
cancel the conversion of this record.
But it's okay here.
Before:
Codes:
After:
ger
c"eng" c~ qr
Assume this is a language code
Don't process if not english
-> record is abandoned
Processing Codes Reference
S "search"replace"
Substitute "search" text with "replace" text
Description:
This code will search through the data in the current field and replace all
occurrences of the "search" text with the specified "replacement" text. Especially
useful is the ability to include "wildcard" characters (* and ?) in the "search" text.
Notes:
There must be three (3) quote symbols. The one in the middle ends the "search"
text, and begins the "replace" text. You may use any of the three different quote
symbols (", ', `), thereby allowing you to embed any of them as part of the search
and/or replacement text (see Example 3).
The "search" text may include the "wildcard" characters (* and ?) to match
variations of the search text (see Examples 2 and 5). See the General Notes on
Wildcards (page 67) for more information.
The replace text may also contain wildcards. Each wildcard corresponds to the
matching wildcard in the "search" text. See the note on Wildcards (page 67) for
more information. See example 7.
If the text you want to "search" for is an '*' or a '?' (ie: the wildcard characters), see
the "W * !" or "W ? !" codes (pages 129 and 130) to temporarily change the
wildcard symbols (see Example 6).
If you do not specify any "replace" text (by having nothing between the 2nd and
3rd quote symbols), the effect will be to delete any occurrences of the "search"
text (see Example 2).
The search & replace will be repeated separately for each "subfield" within the
current field, unless limited by the "S n-m" code (see page 119).
If the specified "search" text is simply the Subfield marker ("5", ASCII code 186),
the subfield markers will be removed and replaced with the "replace" text (see
Example 4).
The double bar ("5", F6) can be used to indicate that the search text must be
found at the start or end of the field (see "Search Strings", page 68)
1)
2)
3)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Comments
QA/76.7/.F45/1988
S"/" "
QA 76.7 .F45 1988
Substitute slashes with spaces
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Dogs5<Broader>Animals5<Narrower>Poodle
s'<*>''
Sub. anything between < and >
Dogs5Animals5Poodle
with nothing (ie: delete)
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Ben "Butch" McMillan
s`"`'`
Ben 'Butch' McMillan
Before:
Codes:
After:
Dogs5Animals5Poodle
s'5'/'
Dogs/Animals/Poodle
4)
Sub. " with ' (use reverse
apostrophe as quote)
Change subfield markers to /
119
The Data Magician, version 1.5
5)
Before:
Codes:
After:
123 p.$bill.$c24 cm.
s'$?'; '
123 p.; ill.; 24 cm.
6)
Before:
Codes:
After:
*Computers; Word Processing; *Software
W*! s'*''
Change wildcard to !, del *'s
Computers; Word Processing; Software
7)
Before:
Codes:
After:
x12345y67z
s"x*y??z"a*??bc"
a1234567bc
120
MARC field (Physical Desc.)
Subst. $ plus a char.
with semicolon (;) space
The * matches 12345, ?=6 and ?=7
Appears in the new order
Processing Codes Reference
S n-m
process only Subfields n to m
Description:
This code limits the processing of other codes to the "subfields" specified by 'n'
and 'm', for the current field only. This is useful if you do not wish to apply some
processing to all subfields, just a subset of them.
Notes:
By default, processing is performed on all subfields. Once the "S n-m" code is
encountered, processing is limited just to the subfields specified. Note that the
next field processed is not affected by this code.
The "-m" is optional. If you only specify "n", only that subfield will be processed
(see Example 2). If you specify "n-" (no ending subfield number), then all
subfields starting with 'n' will be processed.
The "S n-m" code has a special effect on the "F 'fieldname'" and "F fieldnum"
codes, in that rather than the whole input field being drawn in, only the subfields
specified will be included (see Example 3). This feature can be more easily
accomplished with the newer F'fieldname5(n-m)' code.
The word “subfield” was misunderstood by the author when The Data Magician
was created. It was used to refer to a multiple occurrences of a field, as opposed
to a part of a field (as it does in MARC).
1)
2)
3)
4)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
2)
3)
Comments
DOGS5ANIMALS5POODLE
S 2-3 L P1
After:
DOGS5Animals5Poodle
put subfields 2-3 in
lowercase
and capitalize 1st letter
Before:
Codes:
After:
Z/22.7/.89/198653/4" tape
s 1 s"/" "
Z 22.7 .89 198653/4" tape
Convert slash to space only
on first subfield
Input Field "Imprint": Toronto5McGraw-Hill51986
"PUBLISHER" Before:
Codes:
S2 F"IMPRINT"
"PUBLISHER" After: McGraw-Hill
We only want to get the
publisher name
121
The Data Magician, version 1.5
SF
append a SubField marker to current data
Description:
This codes appends a subfield marker (ASCII code 186, "5") to the current data.
This is generally used to separate entries drawn from different input fields.
Notes:
Once the data is divided into subfields, they can be manipulated separately using
the "S n-m" code (see above). Output Files in the INMAGIC format will list each
subfield on a separate line.
The word “subfield” was misunderstood by the author when The Data Magician
was created. It was used to refer to a multiple occurrences of a field, as opposed
to a part of a field (as it does in MARC).
1)
2)
Examples:
1)
Input Field "ADDR1":
Input Field "ADDR2":
"STREET" Codes:
"STREET" After:
122
123 Main ST.
Suite 205
F'ADDR1' SF F'ADDR2'
123 Main ST.5Suite 205
Processing Codes Reference
S M "text"
Substitute Marc subfield separator with "text"
Description:
This code changes the text that is used to separate MARC subfields when they
are extracted using the BM"subfields" code (page 81) or the F"field5$abc" (see
page 102). By default the separator is a space.
Notes:
This code only affects the current field and only those codes that occur after this
one.
1)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Comments
0CaCanadaCxStatisticsCxYearbooks.
bm"$*"
Canada Statistics Yearbooks.
0CaCanadaCxStatisticsCxYearbooks.
sm" -- " bm"$*"
Canada -- Statistics -- Yearbooks.
Extract all subfields
Separated by spaces
Change separator to " -- "
123
The Data Magician, version 1.5
S T "filename"
look up data via Substitute Table in "filename"
Description:
The Substitute Table code allows you to specify a "look-up" table, which will be
found in a file on disk. Each line of the look-up table specifies two items, the
"look-up" item, and the item it is to be replaced with.
This is useful in converting standardized codes into text equivalents (eg: "k" to
"kit", "b" to "book", etc.)
Notes:
The format of the table is specified below. If the table file does not conform to
those specifications, unpredictable results may occur.
When performing a look-up, it compares the current data in each subfield with
each entry in the Substitute Table until it finds a match, or until it reaches the end
of the table. If it finds a match, it replaces the data in the subfield with the
substitute value from the table.
When comparing values, it ignores upper/lower case.
You may use as many Substitute Tables as you wish, but see the next note for
a discussion on conversion speed.
The use of Substitute Tables may dramatically slow down the conversion process.
The Data Magician only maintains one table in memory at a time. If you are using
more than one table, the system reads the entire table into memory each time it
encounters the "S T" code. The size of each table is also a significant factor in
conversion speed. If you do need more than one table, and the "look up" values
are completely different for each table, you may consider putting them all into a
single table for increased speed.
The absolute maximum number of entries in a Substitute Table is 32767. Aside
from this limit, the practical limit is likely to be much smaller since the table is
stored in memory and must share space with all other text being manipulated.
The total text space is approximately 64000 characters.
The
table
filename
may
include
drive
and path information
(eg: "c:\datamage\format.tab"). As with all DOS filenames, it does not matter
whether the name is in upper or lower case.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Table Format:
124
The first line of the table must contain the number of entries in the table. If there
are actually more entries than that number, the extra will be ignored. If there are
less, you will simply waste memory space.
Each line following will contain the look-up and substitution values, separated by
a comma (eg: b,book). The two pieces may also be enclosed in double quotes
(eg: "NF","Non-Fiction")
Although the table does not have to be sorted, The Data Magician recognizes
when a table is sorted and searches the table more efficiently. Note that when
putting a table in sorted order, numbers sort before letters, and upper/lower case
is ignored. Foreign and graphic characters sort last according to the IBM PC
extended ASCII character tables.
Processing Codes Reference
Table Example:
7
a,archive
b,book
c,catalog
d,diagram
e,encyclopedia
f,film
g,globe
Table 1
Sample Substitute Table
"FORMAT.TAB"
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Comments
B
S T 'format.tab'
book
h
S T 'format.tab'
h
Using Table above
Note: case is ignored
Code not in table above
therefore, left as is
125
The Data Magician, version 1.5
T B "text"
TBn
Text Begin if not empty
Text Begin with string number n
Description:
This code checks to see if the current field is empty. If not, it adds the quoted text
to the beginning of the current data. If it is empty, it does nothing (see example
2). In the second form, T B n, stored string number 'n' (see T S n, page 127) is
added to the beginning of the current data (see example 4).
Notes:
1)
The text is added to every non-empty subfield within the current field, unless
limited by the "S n-m" code (see page 119). See example 3.
2)
The stored strings can be numbered from 0 to 9. They start as blank at the
beginning of the conversion (unless the /0 to /9 switches are used to start The
Data Magician) and are not cleared between records. This allows you to pass
data between records.
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
3)
4)
126
Comments
National Law Journal
TB"$a"
$aNational Law Journal
Put $a in front (for MARC records)
Before:
Codes:
After:
tb '$a'
Current field is blank
Add '$a' to beginning of field
Nothing is added to the blank field
Before:
Codes:
After:
computers5programming55C
s 2- tb ' -- '
start at 2nd subfield
computers5 -- programming55 -- C
Stored String 1:
Before:
Codes:
After:
HQ
12354565789
TB 1
HQ1235HQ4565HQ789
This may be a location code
Prefix String 1
Processing Codes Reference
T E "text"
TEn
Text End if not empty
Text End with string number n
Description:
This code checks to see if the current field is empty. If not, it adds the quoted text
to the end of the current data. If it is empty, it does nothing (see example 2). In
the second form, T E n, stored string number 'n' (see T S n, page 127) is added
to the end of the current data.
Notes:
1)
The text is added to every non-empty subfield within the current field, unless
limited by the "S n-m" code (see page 119).
2)
The stored strings can be numbered from 0 to 9. They start as blank at the
beginning of the conversion (unless the /0 to /9 switches are used to start The
Data Magician) and are not cleared between records. This allows you to pass
data between records.
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
3)
Comments
Smith
TE", "
Smith,
Before:
Codes:
After:
te ', '
Stored String 5:
Before:
Codes:
After:
xyz
12354565789
TE 5
123xyz5456xyz5789xyz
going to be appending a first name
Nothing added to a blank field
Append stored string 5
127
The Data Magician, version 1.5
TRn
Text Recall string number n
Description:
This code will recall a stored text string and append it to the current field. 'n' can
be a number from 0 to 9. The string can be stored by the TS code (see page
127), or using the /0 to /9 command-line switches (see page 142).
Notes:
1)
The text is added to every subfield within the current field (see examples 2 & 3),
unless limited by the "S n-m" code (see page 119).
2)
The stored strings can be numbered from 0 to 9. They start as blank at the
beginning of the conversion (unless the /0 to /9 switches are used to start The
Data Magician) and are not cleared between records. This allows you to pass
data between records.
Examples:
1)
Stored String 8:
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
3)
128
Comments
National Law Journal
"Journal: " TR8
Add literal "Journal: " plus string 8
Journal: National Law Journal
Before:
Codes:
After:
tr8
National Law Journal
Start with a blank field
Assume String 8 same as above
Stored string 0:
Before:
Codes:
After:
-HQ
1765513901523678
3 occurrences
tr0
add string 0 to each
1765-HQ513901-HQ523678-HQ
Processing Codes Reference
TSn
Text Store string number n
Description:
This code takes the contents of the current field and stores it into String number
"n" (where "n" can be from 0 to 9). The current field is not affected in any way by
this code.
Notes:
1)
The stored strings can be numbered from 0 to 9. They start as blank at the
beginning of the conversion (unless the /0 to /9 switches are used to start The
Data Magician, see page 142) and are not cleared between records. This allows
you to pass data between records.
2)
Storing a blank field will erase the contents of the stored string (see example 2)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Stored String 5:
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Stored String 5:
Comments
National Law Journal
TS 5
National Law Journal
National Law Journal
Store current text in String # 5
Text is unaffected
Current field is blank
TS 5
Field unaffected
String 5 is now blank
129
The Data Magician, version 1.5
U
Uppercase conversion
Description:
Takes the current field and converts all letters to upper case.
Notes:
This is useful for creating consistent use of case in such fields as postal codes or
classification codes.
1)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
n1h 6j6
U
N1H 6J6
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
caldwell, david a.
u
CALDWELL, DAVID A.
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
bf 45 .m24 1981
U
BF 45 .M24 1981
130
Processing Codes Reference
W*!
Wildcard change: * for ! (or another)
Description:
This code temporarily changes the multiple character wildcard ('*') to some other
symbol. This is done to allow the '*' to be included as is in "search" text rather
than being treated as a wildcard.
Notes:
The allowed wildcard characters are: *, ?, !, @, #, $, %, ^, &, |, /, \, ~, +, and =.
The system will not allow you to set both the multiple character wildcard and the
single character wildcard character to the same character.
This change remains in effect only to the end of processing codes for the current
field. The wildcard then reverts back to the original character.
1)
2)
3)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Comments
*Computers; Word Processing; *Software
W*! s'*''
Computers; Word Processing; Software
Change wildcard to !, del *'s
Dogs5<Broader>Animals5<Narrower>Poodle
w*! s'<!>''
Sub. text between < and >
Dogs5Animals5Poodle
with nothing, using ! wildcard
131
The Data Magician, version 1.5
W?!
Wildcard change: ? for ! (or another)
Description:
This code temporarily changes the single character wildcard ('?') to some other
symbol. This is done to allow the '?' to be included as is in "search" text rather
than being treated as a wildcard.
Notes:
The allowed wildcard characters are: *, ?, !, @, #, $, %, ^, &, |, /, \, ~, +, and =.
The system will not allow you to set both the multiple character wildcard and the
single character wildcard character to the same character.
This change remains in effect only to the end of processing codes for the current
field. The wildcard then reverts back to the original character.
1)
2)
3)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
2)
132
Before:
Codes:
After:
Comments
?Computers?; Word Processing; ?Software?
W?! s'?''
Change wildcard to !, del ?'s
Computers; Word Processing; Software
123 p.$bill.$c24 cm.
s'$='; '
123 p.; ill.; 24 cm.
MARC field (Physical Desc.)
Subst. $ plus a char.
with semicolon (;) space
Processing Codes Reference
XA
Delete: All extra spaces
Description:
Reduces all multiple spaces to a single space. This is helpful when downloading
from databases which "format" the text by inserting multiple spaces between
words to "right justify" them.
Notes:
If there is only a single space, it is left as is.
1)
Examples:
1)
Before:
2)
Effects of opioids on smooth muscle
Codes:
After:
XA
Effects of opioids on smooth muscle
Before:
Codes:
After:
Cell membrane potentials5Drug interaction
xa
Cell membrane potentials5Drug interaction
Comments
Multiple spaces
between words
133
The Data Magician, version 1.5
X B "punctuation"
Delete: specified punctuation from Beginning of field data
Description:
This code deletes leading punctuation (or any other characters specified) at the
beginning of a field. Any of the characters specified, within quotes, will be deleted
in any order until a character that is not in that list is encountered. Thus if you
wish to delete two dashes at the beginning of a field, you need only specify a
single dash. If none of the characters appear at the beginning of the field, this
code has no effect.
Notes:
This process will be repeated separately for each "subfield" within the current
field, unless limited by the "S n-m" code (see page 119).
See also the codes XE (page 134) and XP (page 136) for deleting trailing
characters or punctuation.
1)
2)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
-- Aardvarks -XB"- " XE "- "
Aardvarks
Comments
Subject (?)
Strip dashes and spaces (Note: order
doesn't matter)
Just want street name
Strip numbers, dashes, number sign
(and spaces!)
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
#23 - 7717 Rodero Drive
XB "0123456789 -#"
Rodero Drive
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
- a -5- b -5- c xb "- "
a5b5c
134
Processing Codes Reference
XC
Delete: Clear everything in current field
Description:
This code deletes everything in the current field. This can be useful when used
with conditional processing codes to eliminate fields that do not meet some
criterion (see example 3).
Notes:
This code ignores subfield boundaries, and simply eliminates all the data in the
current field (see examples 1 and 2).
1)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Comments
President
XC
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
computers5calculators5typewriters
xc
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
S/N 77145
c"S/N" C~ xc
S/N 77145
We want to erase if not a serial
number
135
The Data Magician, version 1.5
X E "punctuation"
Delete: specified punctuation from End of field data
Description:
This code deletes trailing punctuation (or any other characters specified) at the
end of a field. Any of the characters specified, within quotes, will be deleted in
any order until a character that is not in that list is encountered. Thus if you wish
to delete two dashes at the end of a field, you need only specify a single dash.
If none of the characters appear at the end of the field, this code has no effect.
Notes:
This process will be repeated separately for each "subfield" within the current
field, unless limited by the "S n-m" code (see page 119).
This code is a more generic version of the XP code (see page 136). The XP code
could be done using XE " .,/-" (note the space between the quote and the period).
The XP code is simply faster to type.
1)
2)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Guelph, Ont. :
XE ": "
Guelph, Ont.
Comments
Place of Publication
Strip colons and spaces (Note: order
doesn't matter)
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
166744 ..C..
XE " .C"
166744
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Dogs.5Cats.5Pets -- Household
xe ".: ,"
Dogs5Cats5Pets -- Household
136
OCLC-type number
Can strip letters, too!
Processing Codes Reference
XL
Delete: blanks on Left
Description:
This code deletes all leading blanks (ie: on the Left) for each subfield in the
current field. This is useful when reading data from a fixed field file (such as
dBase III), or after breaking up a field into component pieces.
Notes:
This process will be repeated separately for each "subfield" within the current
field, unless limited by the "S n-m" code (see page 119).
This code (and the "X R" code) is often included as one of the Global Processing
Codes when reading a dBase III file, to avoid having to repeat the code for each
field.
1)
2)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
1001
XL
1001
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Thompson
XL
Thompson
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
computers5 calculators5 typewriters
xr
computers5calculators5typewriters
Comments
Fixed field number
Has a single leading space
after previous processing
137
The Data Magician, version 1.5
XP
Delete: Predifined punctuation (" .,/-") from End of field data
Description:
This code deletes trailing punctuation at the end of a field. Any of the following
characters (space, period, comma, slash, dash) will be deleted in any order until
a character that is not in that list is encountered. If none of the characters appear
at the end of the field, this code has no effect.
Notes:
This process will be repeated separately for each "subfield" within the current
field, unless limited by the "S n-m" code (see page 119).
This code is a more specific version of the XE code (see page 134). The XP code
could be done using XE " .,/-" (note the space between the quote and the period).
The XP code is simply faster to type.
1)
2)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Ants on parade /
XP
Ants on parade
Comments
Title entry (MARC 245$a)
Strip trailing punct.
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
McGraw-Hill,
XP
McGraw-Hill
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Dogs.5Cats.5Pets -- Household
xp
Dogs5Cats5Pets -- Household
138
Publisher
Processing Codes Reference
XR
Delete: blanks on Right
Description:
This code deletes all trailing blanks (ie: on the Right) for each subfield in the
current field. This is useful when reading data from a fixed field file (such as
dBase III), or after breaking up a field into component pieces.
Notes:
This process will be repeated separately for each "subfield" within the current
field, unless limited by the "S n-m" code (see page 119).
This code (and the "X L" code) is often included as one of the Global Processing
Codes when reading a dBase III file, to avoid having to repeat the code for each
field.
1)
2)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
President
XR
President
2)
Before:
Codes:
After:
Joshua
XR
Joshua
3)
Before:
Codes:
After:
computers 5calculators 5typewriters
xr
computers5calculators5typewriters
Comments
Fixed field "POSITION"
Has a single trailing space
after previous processing
139
The Data Magician, version 1.5
XS
Delete: excess Subfield markers
Description:
This code eliminates redundant subfield markers which may accumulate when
adding several fields together or using the Break into Subfields code (page 87).
When writing out an INMAGIC or MARC file, The Data Magician automatically
ignores empty subfields, however, they may make it more difficult to perform
certain functions. You may for example, wish to draw out the contents of the
second used subfield.
Notes:
The word “subfield” was misunderstood by the author when The Data Magician
was created. It was used to refer to a multiple occurrences of a field, as opposed
to a part of a field (as it does in MARC).
1)
Examples:
1)
Before:
Codes:
After:
140
computers55calculators5
XS
computers5calculators
Command Line Options (Batch Processing)
Command Line Options (Batch Processing)
Introduction
When you first get started with The Data Magician, you will be using the menus to load previously
saved settings files, then modify them to read and create different files with the same settings.
If you find yourself doing this frequently, or if you wish to make it easier for someone else to run
conversions, you may wish to consider using the command line options.
Right from DOS, you can tell The Data Magician to load a settings file and give the Input and
Output file names and execute automatically. When it is done, it will return to the operating
system. Thus, you can even create "batch" files in DOS which allow you to give a simple
command and have the whole conversion performed without further interaction with you. This
is particularly useful if you want to set up the conversion for someone else to perform, who may
have little knowledge of DOS (and even less of The Data Magician!). There is a sample batch
included called "CONVBIP.BAT" which can be used to run the BIP.SET conversion (or modified
to run others).
The options are entered following the DATAMAGE command. Each options starts with a forward
slash ("/") followed by the option letter. Some options also require additional information (such
as a file name), which is given following an equal sign.
Example: to load the settings file "STAFF" and execute automatically, you would give the
command:
datamage /s=staff/x
The options available are given below.
Command Options
/S=filename The Data Magician will load the specified settings file, if it exists. You may specify
a full path name, including drive, directory and filename. If no extension is given
then ".SET" is assumed.
Example:
/s=c:\datamage\utlasinm
will load the settings file "utlasinm.set" from drive C in the \DATAMAGE
directory
The conversion will not be run automatically unless you also use the /x option
(see below). If you do not include /x, then you will be shown the Conversion
Summary Screen after The Data Magician starts.
Note that none of the other options will be processed if you have not specified a
settings file on the command line.
141
The Data Magician, version 1.5
/A=filename Use the specified filename as the Input file rather than the one given in the
settings file. The filename may include drive, directory, filename and extension.
Example:
/s=utlasinm /a=utlas2.mrc
will load the settings file "UTLASINM.SET" but expect the Input file to be
"UTLAS2.MRC" instead of the file given in the settings.
Note that this option is ignored if the /s option (above) has not been included.
/B=filename Use the specified filename as the Output file rather than the one given in the
settings file. The filename may include drive, directory, filename and extension.
Example:
/s=utlasinm /b=utlas2.inm
will load the settings file "UTLASINM.SET" but will create "UTLAS2.INM"
as the Output file instead of the file given in the settings.
Note that this option is ignored if the /s option (above) has not been included.
/F
Starting The Data Magician with this option will cause it to add unknown fields to
both the Input and Output Fields. This is mostly useful in cases where you are
converting a data file but using the same field names for Input and Output. You
would likely also need to be using the "FC" processing code (See page 104) to
copy the Input data to the Output field without explicitly naming the fields to be
copied.
/H or /?
Starting The Data Magician with either of these switches will display a Help Page
describing all of the switches available and then stop.
/I=n
Provide memory space for up to "n" Input fields. By default, The Data Magician
allows space for up to 100 Input fields. If you need more than that (or if you are
tight on memory space and need less), you may specify the number required.
Any settings file saved with more than 100 Input fields will automatically allow
those when the file is loaded again at a later time, even if this option is not used.
(Note: The Data Magician will actually provide 10 more fields than required, when
loading a settings file, to allow for additional fields)
Example:
/i=200
will allow you to request up to 200 Input fields
This option would typically be used when starting The Data Magician manually
since any settings file loaded using the /s option will automatically allow for the
number of fields specified by that file.
/L
142
When reading a file with very long lines (ie:greater than 250 characters) running
the program with this option will read infinitely long lines. Unfortunately, the
conversion is slower, therefore this is only recommended if you experience
difficulties reading long fields (like abstracts). So far, this has only been a problem
when reading from records downloaded from CD-based products.
Command Line Options (Batch Processing)
/M
Starts The Data Magician in Monochrome mode. This is useful if you are using
a non-colour monitor with a Colour Graphics display card (eg: CGA, EGA, VGA).
The Data Magician detects the presence of such a card and then assumes you
have a colour display. If not, starting with the /M option will display everything in
black and white (or amber or green).
You may also switch between Colour and Monochrome by pressing M for
Monochrome/Colour switch at the Main Menu, or by pressing Ctrl-F9 anywhere
else.
/N=startnum Specify a starting number for the automatic number generator processing code.
When creating the processing codes, you may use the "NS n" code to specify a
starting number. Once you run that conversion, you will presumably need to
change that to a new starting number. This option allows you to override the
number specified in the processing code and use this number instead.
Example:
/n=527
will number the first record as 527, despite any processing codes to the
contrary
Note that this option is ignored if the /s option (above) has not been included.
/O=n
Provide memory space for up to "n" Output fields. By default, The Data Magician
allows space for up to 100 Output fields. If you need more than that (or if you are
tight on memory space and need less), you may specify the number required.
Any settings file saved with more than 100 Output fields will automatically allow
those when the file is loaded again at a later time, even if this option is not used.
Example:
/o=200
will allow you to request up to 200 Output fields
This option would typically be used when starting The Data Magician manually
since any settings file loaded using the /s option will automatically allow for the
number of fields specified by that file.
/T
Tabbed output. If the system you will be loading into requires Tabs between
fields (rather than quotes and commas) use Output Format 1 (delimited ASCII)
and run the program with this switch. The output file will then be created using
Tabs instead of quotes and commas.
143
The Data Magician, version 1.5
/X
Automatically execute the conversion once The Data Magician has started. When
finished, it will return to the operating system. You are not prompted for anything.
Therefore, if the output file already exists, it will be overwritten without
confirmation! (so be careful about your filenames).
Example:
/s=geacproc/x
will load the settings file "GEACPROC.SET" in the default directory and
execute automatically, returning to DOS when finished.
If any error condition is encountered, the program stops with a message as to the
problem. Examples include: the input file doesn't exist, invalid path or directory
name for the output file, etc.
Note that this option is ignored if the /s option (above) has not been included.
/0 to /9
Assigns a text string to Stored String numbers 0 through 9. Put the string in
quotes after the equal ("=") sign. This makes a convenient way of passing a fixed
string into converted records in a batch file.
Example:
/1="Main Branch"
If a matching quote is not found, it will take the remainder of the command line as
the stored string.
This string can then be recalled any time in the conversion using the TRn code
(see page 126) or the TBn or TEn codes (pages ? and ?).
General Notes
1)
It does not matter whether command options, file names, etc. are entered in UPPER or
lower case.
2)
It also does not matter if a space precedes a slash starting a new option.
3)
The order of the options is not important.
4)
The logic of "/a" for specifying the Input file and "/b" for the Output file, is that those are
the letters in the Main Menu where you specify those options. The idea being you
convert "File A" to "File B".
Command Line Errors
If the command line has invalid option letters, or you give a file name that does not exist, The
Data Magician will stop, point (with the ^) to the error and inform you of the problem. You may
then correct the problem and re-execute the command. If the command line has been included
in a batch file, the batch file will simply continue.
144
Command Line Options (Batch Processing)
Usage examples
The following are some examples of command lines and what they would mean:
1)
datamage /s=canole /a=\smartcom\can1.asc /b=\inmagic\can1.inm /n=321 /x
This would start The Data Magician, load "CANOLE.SET" from the current directory, read
"CAN1.ASC" from the "\SMARTCOM" directory, create the file "CAN1.INM" in the
"\INMAGIC" directory, record numbering would start at 321, and the whole conversion
would be executed automatically.
2)
datamage /i=200 /o=150
This would start The Data Magician and allow space for 200 Input field names and 150
Output field names. You would then see the Main Menu.
3)
datamage /m
This would start The Data Magician in Monochrome mode. It has no effect when used
with a Monochrome Display Adaptor, but on a Colour Graphics Adaptor it will force it to
display in black and white only.
4)
datamage /a=can1.asc /b=can1.inm /x
This would simply start the program and go to the Main Menu. Since no settings file
name was specified with /s, those other options are meaningless.
5)
datamage /s=staff /e
The program would stop and point to the letter "e" and inform you that it is an invalid
option letter.
6)
datamage /s=marc2lib /1="HQ" /x
The program would automatically start converting using the marc2lib settings file and
have the text "HQ" in Stored Text String #1, which could be used as part of the settings.
145
The Data Magician, version 1.5
146
Miscantations (Error Messages)
Miscantations (Error Messages)
Introduction
There are two types of errors that can arise while working with The Data Magician - "anticipated"
errors, and "unanticipated" errors. Anticipated errors will appear on the bottom of the screen with
a one-line description of the problem. The majority of the "anticipated" errors deal with invalid
processing codes, improper use of editing keys, or disk and file problems. "Unanticipated" errors,
also known as "system" errors, are those that The Data Magician has no particular method of
handling.
The differences between these, and how to handle them are described in the sections below.
Anticipated Errors
These are errors where The Data Magician recognizes the problem, and provides a one-line
description at the bottom line of the screen. Typically, you may correct the problem and
continue. If you need clarification of the problem, you may press F1 to get help on that error
message (if the Help file is available).
The one-line error messages are in the file DATAMAGE.MSG. If the file is not in the current or
\DATAMAGE directory, then you will simply be presented with the message "Error number ##:
Message not available", where ## is replaced by the error message number. In that event, you
may refer to Appendix A for a list of those error messages.
When an error message is presented, you will hear a "beep". If you wish to turn that "beep" off
for the remainder of that session, press F9.
System Errors
There are many situations that can create "system" errors. These may include: insufficient
memory, hard disk errors, "bugs" (faulty software design), etc. Whatever the cause, if a problem
arises that The Data Magician has no other way to solve the problem, you will be presented with
the message:
"System Error #nn has occurred at position: ppppp. Try to continue? "
where nn is the System Error number, and ppppp is the program location.
A list of System Errors can be found in Appendix B.
You are now expected to press Y or N, depending on whether you wish to try to continue. The
advantage in trying to continue is that you may get a chance to save a settings file on which you
had spent a lot of time and would like to save. The disadvantage is that the error may be such
that if tries again the computer may "lock up", and you may need to shut it off and re-start it.
It is always unfortunate when this sort of problem arises, and the software tries to prevent these
situations, but unforeseen circumstances sometimes generate such severe difficulties.
147
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Recording and Reporting Problems
Whenever possible, it is a good idea to get a printout of the screen when a System Error (or any
other unusual situation) occurs. If you have a printer attached this can be done by pressing
Shift-PrtSc. Otherwise, just write down as much of the information as you can. Note especially
the error number, the program location, and, when you are next at the Main Menu, the version
and serial number. It is also very helpful to try to record the events that lead up to the error. This
information should be available if you call or send email for support.
You may send email to: support@folland.com for help. You may also wish to check out the
Folland Software Services Web Site at: http://www.folland.com. The BBS may be of some help,
or there are instructions on subscribing to the The Data Magician list server, if you haven’t
already.
148
Appendix A: Standard Error Messages
Appendix A: Standard Error Messages
Standard errors are those that are anticipated by The Data Magician and are handled appropriately.
The error message is displayed at the bottom of the screen, accompanied by a "beep" (if not turned
off). Pressing F1 will display a Help message (if available) relating to that error.
Error Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
Error Message
Value entered is outside of allowed range
No room to insert. Press Shift-F7 for full screen edit
Invalid editor key. Press Shift-F1 for Help
Cannot CUT, highlighting is Off. Press F5 to Highlight
Not a valid dBase II, III or IV file
dBase Memo file not found
Field name found in input file that was not defined
Processing Code Error: (1)st or (A)ll expected after (P)roper
Processing Code Error: Field name or number is invalid
Processing Code Error: Code not recognized
Processing Code Error: Must specify field name, number, or (C)opy
(L)eft,(R)ight,(B)egin,(E)nd,(A)ll,(C)lear, (P)unct, or (S)ubfields expected after (X)
Processing Code Error: Invalid Search/Replace format, use: S 'old'new'
(T)able, sub(F)ield, Number or Search/Replace string expected after (S)
(E)mpty, (S)tore, (R)ecall, (T)rue, (F)alse, (L)ower, (U)pper,+,-,~, or quoted text
expected
No room for requested number of fields. Save, re-run and request more space.
A number is expected after (N)umber (S)tart or (N)umber (I)ncr.
Processing Code Error: (S)tart, (I)ncr., or (U)se expected after (N)umber
Processing Code Error: Date Input or Output format expected in quotes
(I)nput, (O)utput, (C)onvert, (T)oday, or (X) (special) expected after Date
Processing Code Error: a number is expected after (W)ord ...
(F)ield, (W)ord, a number, or string expected after (B)reak (L)eft/(R)ight
Processing Code Error: quoted string expected after (B)reak into (S)ubfields
(C)all, (L)eft, (M)arc, (R)ight, (S)ubfield, (W)ord, e(X)tract or quotes expected
Processing Code Error: May not set single and multi-char wildcards the same
Processing Code Error: Allowable wildcards: *,?,!,@,#,$,%,^,&,+,=,|,\,/
Processing Code Error: ? or * expected after set (W)ildcard
That key is inappropriate at this time.
File name specified does not exist.
The path/directory given does not exist, please correct.
The disk drive is not ready, check drive door.
That is not a valid file and/or directory name.
Something is wrong with the disk. Unable to access file.
Unknown problem reading file or disk.
Help File not available
149
The Data Magician, version 1.5
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
150
Not a valid Help File, or file is corrupted
Help message not available
Invalid MARC Communications File format
MARC subfield expected in quotes after (B)reak (M)ARC
Text in quotes expected after (T)ext (B)egin or (T)ext (E)nd
(B)egin, (E)nd, (R)ecall, or (S)tore expected after (T)ext
File name of (S)ubstitute (T)able expected in quotes
(F)ield, (R)ecord or (C)onversion expected after (Q)uit
Expecting a specific condition number or * for all
Conditional Code number specified is greater than the maximum
Invalid Field Option. Valid sample: F'field5(1-5)[3-9]/o$abc'
Marc Subfield Substitution expected after (S)ubstitute (M)arc
Expecting String Number (0-9) after TS, or TR
Appendix B: System Error Messages
Appendix B: System Error Messages
System errors are errors which are not anticipated by The Data Magician and appear with the
message:
"System Error #nn has occurred at position: ppppp. Try to continue? "
where nn is the System Error number, and ppppp is the program location.
The following is a selected list of possible error codes. There are others which are highly unlikely
to occur. Many of these are actually taken care of by The Data Magician, but are listed anyways
(just in case!)
Error Number
5
6
7
9
10
11
14
15
24
25
27
51
52
53
54
55
56
61
62
Error Message
Illegal Function call
Numeric Overflow
Out of Memory
Subscript out of range
Duplicate Array Definition
Division by Zero
Out of string space
When this error happens, it could be that the record is just too big to be handled
by The Data Magician. There is no specific maximum record size, but typically
records greater than about 10,000 bytes will cause this problem. Smaller records
could also have a problem depending on the processing codes being used (many
make copies of fields as they are working, so a single large field could be a
problem). Another common problem is that the beginning and end of record
definitions may be wrong, resulting in The Data Magician trying to read the entire
file into a single record. This is most likely to happen on a Tagged file - check the
Start and End of Record characters. Finally, this can happen on records with
invalid record sizes, especially MARC and MicroISIS files. If possible, check the
data file.
String too long
Hardware device time-out
Hardware device fault
Printer out of paper
Compiler Internal Error
Bad file number
File not found
Bad file mode
File already open
Device Input/Output error
Disk full
Input past end of file
151
The Data Magician, version 1.5
63
64
67
68
70
71
72
75
76
202
242
152
Bad record number
Bad file name
Too many files
Device unavailable
Disk is write-protected
Disk not ready
Disk media error
Path/File access error
Path not found
Out of temporary string space
String memory corrupted
Appendix C: Sample Settings Files
Appendix C: Sample Settings Files
Introduction
The following pages contain examples of settings files we have created. They are presented
alphabetically for easier reference. All of the settings illustrated here are included on the SAMPLE
DATA disk, along with the input files. You may run the conversions and play with them. They
provide illustrations of possible ways to process various file types. They may be used as starting
points for your own conversions, or simply as a guide. Please take careful note about what fields
are being put where when using these for your own conversions (especially in MARC conversions),
since our needs/ideas may not correspond with yours.
Note on square brackets [ ] in settings examples
Please note that although the examples on the following pages have square brackets around the
codes for each field, they are there only for the printout. They do not appear on the screen if you
load the settings file, nor should you enter them if you type in these examples yourself. On the
screen, Input and Output File Specifications will appear in reverse video to help identify spaces.
Technical aside on how the settings print-outs were made
The format of the settings files is how they would look if you choose the Print Settings option (P
from the Main Menu, or Alt-P or Ctrl-F2 from anywhere else). In this case we actually use the print
to a file option, by pressing F when asked if ready to print. The Data Magician, then prompted for
the name of the file to "print" to. This file was then included into this documentation.
153
The Data Magician, version 1.5
BIP.SET - Conversion of Books In Print to MARC Communications Format
This settings file was designed to convert files created by Books In Print to a MARC
Communications format, suitable for loading into a library system such as Dynix, Horizon, and
others.
There is a batch file included with The Data Magician software called "CONVBIP.SET" which allows
you to convert a Books In Print file to MARC very simply. For example, if your input file was:
BIP.TXT, and you wanted the output file to be: BIP.MRC, then you would type:
CONVBIP BIP.TXT BIP.MRC
Take a look at the batch file to see how it can be applied to other conversions you may want to do.
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Settings File Name: BIP.SET
Description:
12345
Convert Books In Print MARC records to standard MARC Communications Format
Date: 07-18-1997
Note:
Release x.x, serial number:
Time: 23:05:22
Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: RUSSIA.MRC
Input File Type: Tagged file
Repeating Field type:
2
Continuation characters: [
]
Record starts with:
[OCLC:]
and/or contains: []
Record ends with:
[***]
and/or contains: []
Field names begin with: [53]
and/or end with: []
Line PRE-Process Codes:
[BR1 C"5|" BR4 ! Each line begins with a space - get rid of it. Every line that
begins with "|" is a MARC field, skip past the line number info.]
Global processing codes:
[C"5 " BR 1 S"5?? "??^a" s" b "^b" s" c "^c" s" d "^d" xr c+ ! Clean up indicator
codes and subfield markers (a, b, c & d)]
INPUT FIELDS
1) OCL
(Leader Line 1)
2) Typ
(Leader Line 2)
3) Rep
(Leader Line 3)
4) Ind
(Leader Line 4)
5) Des
(Leader Line 5)
6) 010
(LCCN)
7) 020
(ISBN)
8) 100
(Personal Author)
9) 245
(Title)
10) 250
(Edition)
11) 260
(Place / Publisher / Date)
12) 300
(Collation)
13) 440
(Series. Often includes 690 info)
14) 44x
(Working field for 440: strip 690)
[f"440" bl"|???690"
! get everything to the left of a 690]
15) 69x
(690 - Working field, from 440)
[f"440" bx"|???690*" br"|???690 " ce c~ S"5?? "??^a" s" b "^b" s" c "^c" s" d "^d" xr
tb"5" ! get all the 690 info from the 440 field. Clean up the subfields]
16) 690
(690 with 69x included)
[f"69x" s"^a"^^" l pa s"^^"^a" s" - "^x" s" And " and " s" The " the " s" Of " of "
! Add 69x to end, then change all Upper case to Upper/lower case. Clean up "little" words.]
17) 700
(Additional Authors)
154
Appendix C: BIP.SET - Conversion of Books In Print to MARC Communications Format
OUTPUT FILE
Output
Output
Global
SPECIFICATIONS
File Name: NEWRUSSIA.MRC
File Type: MARC Communications File
processing codes: [fc]
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) STATUS
()
[F"OCL" br"Rec stat:" bl"Entrd:" xl xr "n" bl2]
2) RECTYPE
()
[F"Typ" br"e:" bl"Bib lvl:" xl xr " " bl2]
3) BIBLEVEL
()
[F"Typ" br"Bib lvl: " bl2]
4) ENCODE
()
[f"Rep" br"Enc lvl:" bl"Conf pub:" xl xr " " bl2]
5) DCF
()
6) 001
()
[F"OCL" br"C:" bl"Rec stat:" xl xr]
7) 010
()
8) 020
()
9) 100
()
10) 245
()
[! Press Ctrl-F4 if the data "cascades" down the screen (because of MARC subfield
markers <031>)]
11) 260
()
12) 300
()
13) 440
()
[xc f"44x" ! clear out the 440 field and use 44x instead (no 690s)]
14) 690
(Local Subject Headings)
15) 700
(Author )
155
The Data Magician, version 1.5
CANPROC.SET - Conversion of CANOLE records to Pro-Cite
These settings were created to show how to set up a conversion from an on-line utility such as
CAN/OLE to Pro-Cite, a bibliographic reference manager from PBS Inc. The Pro-Cite file must be
set up as an ASCII delimited file with 47 output fields. The order of the fields is critical for the file
to be imported correctly. After the file is converted via The Data Magician, you must use the
IMPORT utility that comes with Pro-Cite to load the records into your Pro-Cite database.
The sample file used here has only a few fields. Typically, you would request the records displayed
in a "full" tagged format to get more information. Simply add the additional tags and specify which
Pro-Cite fields will receive them.
The trickiest part of this conversion is recognizing the start and end of a record (bypassing all the
search commands, etc.). Since the title field (TI) was always first, we used those characters to
recognize the start of a record. Each record ends with a blank line so we used the special
sequence "***" to signal the end of a record (see page 26 for details).
Note the two extra input fields "JOURNAL" and "DATE". These are not part of the input file, but are
temporary fields to try to pull apart the "PU" (publication) field. It tries to recognize a date in a
couple of forms. Anything to the left of the date is put into the "JOURNAL" field, while the date is
put in "DATE". Further work could be attempted to break down the "JOURNAL" field, but you might
have trouble with special cases such as conference proceedings, etc.
The Data Magician, version 1.5 Release x.x, serial number:
Settings File Name: CANPROC.SET
Description:
Sample CAN/OLE to Pro-Cite Conversion
Date: 07-18-1997
Note:
123456
Time: 01:33:31
Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: CANOLE.ASC
Input File Type: Tagged
Repeating Field type:
2
Continuation characters: [
]
Record starts with:
[TI - ]
and/or contains: []
Record ends with:
[***]
and/or contains: [@]
Field names begin with: []
and/or end with: [ - ]
Line PRE-Process Codes:
[]
Global processing codes:
[]
INPUT FIELDS
1) TI
(Title)
2) AU
(Author)
[BS';' l pa xl S"5"//"
!*** Break into Subfields, make Upper/lower, strip leadings
spaces, and separate multiple authors with // (for ProCite) ***]
3) PU
(Publication Information)
4) JOURNAL
(Journal Title only)
[F"PU" bl'(19??)' bl'( 19??)' !*** Journal title is everything to left of the date (in
one of two formats, with or without a space) ***]
5) DATE
(Publication Date)
[F"PU" BRF"JOURNAL" b'(19??)' b'( 19??)'
!*** Break out date alone ***]
6) LOCATION
(Location in Work)
[F"PU" BRF"DATE" !*** Everything else! ***]
156
Appendix C: CANPROC.SET - CAN/OLE records to Pro-Cite
OUTPUT FILE
Output
Output
Number
Global
SPECIFICATIONS
File Name: CANPROC.ASC
File Type: ASCII comma delimited
of output fields:
47
processing codes: []
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) TYPE
(Record Type - Journals Short)
['D']
2) RECNO
(Record Number)
[ns 1000 nu ni 10 ! *** Number records by 10's ***]
3) Auth
(Author (Analytic))
[f"AU"]
4) AuRo
(Author Role (Analytic))
5) Affl
(Author Affiliation (Analytic))
6) Titl
(Title (Analytic))
[f"TI" XP
! *** Get title, strip trailing punctuation and spaces. This has not been
converted to Upper/lower because of acronymns ***]
7) Medm
(Medium Designator)
8) CoPh
(Connective Phrase)
9) Auth2
(Author (Monographic))
10) AuRo2
(Author Role (Monographic))
11) Titl2
(Title (Monographic) (Journal))
[F"JOURNAL" XR]
12) Ltto
(Letter to)
13) Titl3
(Title)
14) DtMt
(Date of Meeting)
15) PlMt
(Place of Meeting)
16) Medm2
(Medium Designator 2)
17) Edit
(Edition)
18) Auth3
(Author (Subsidiary))
19) AuRo3
(Author Role (Subsidiary))
20) PlPu
(Place of Publication)
21) Publ
(Publisher Name)
22) Date
(Date of Publication)
[F"DATE" xb"( " xe ") " ! *** Get date, strip leading/trailing spaces and brackets
***]
23) Copy
()
24) VoID
()
25) RpID
()
26) IsID
()
27) Loc
()
[F"LOCATION" xl xr]
28) Extn
()
29) PaMe
()
30) Size
()
31) RpRt
()
32) SrEd
()
33) SrRo
()
34) SrTi
()
35) SrVo
()
36) SrIs
()
37) DcTy
()
38) CoPh
()
39) Aval
()
40) StLc
()
41) CODN
()
42) ISSN
()
43) ISBN
()
44) Note
(Notes)
45) Abst
(Abstract)
46) Call
(Call Numbers)
47) Indx
(Index)
157
The Data Magician, version 1.5
DIALOG.SET - Conversion of DIALOG records to INMAGIC load format
This is sample conversion of a file downloaded from DIALOG using Format 4, into an INMAGIC
format. Many of the features of The Data Magician were built to handle this sample. For instance,
the ability to substitute with wildcards was necessary to remove anything in angle brackets (eg:
"<Analytic>") - see input fields 3 (TI) and 24 (DE). This file also requires a wildcard change (* to !)
to remove the * from the Descriptors (see field 24). You will also note the use of the FC code in the
Global Processing Codes for the Output File Specifications. This makes it simpler to create the
processing codes, since all fields with the same name will automatically be copied over.
The Descriptor field here is heavily processed. First the wildcard is changed from the * to an ! (w*!).
Next any *'s are removed (s"*""). Then anything in angle brackets is removed, using the new
wildcard (s"<!>""). Then they are broken into separate entries on a semi-colon (BS"; "). Next, they
are made completely lowercase (L) and then the first word is capitalized (P1). Finally, any leading
spaces are removed (XL).
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Settings File Name: DIALOG.SET
Description:
Time: 02:11:00
Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: DIALOG.ASC
Input File Type: Tagged
Repeating Field type:
2
Continuation characters: [ ]
Record starts with:
[FN]
Record ends with:
[]
Field names begin with: []
Line PRE-Process Codes:
[]
Global processing codes:
[S"|""]
INPUT FIELDS
1) FN
2) AN
3) TI
[S"<*>"" XL]
4) AU
[BS"; " XL]
5) JN
6) VO
7) CO
8) CS
9) CT
10) CL
11) CY
12) PU
13) PY
14) PG
15) RN
16) NT
17) CP
18) GL
19) LA
20) JA
158
123456
Conversion of a downloaded DIALOG file to an INMAGIC format
Date: 07-18-1997
Note:
Release x.x, serial number:
and/or contains: []
and/or contains: [||]
and/or end with: [-]
(File Number)
(Accession Number)
(Title)
(Author)
(Journal)
()
()
()
(Conference Title)
(Conference Location)
(Conference Year)
(Publisher)
(Publication Year)
(Pages)
()
()
(Country of Publication)
()
(Language)
()
Appendix C: DIALOG.SET - Conversion of DIALOG records to INMAGIC
21)
22)
23)
24)
AV
()
DT
()
AB
(Abstract)
DE
(Descriptors)
[w*! s"*"" s"<!>"" BS"; " L PA XL ! *** Convert multi-wildcard to !, strip all
asterisks, remove anything between angle brackets, break into subfields on a semi-colon and
space, convert to lowercase and capitalize each word, strip leading spaces (whew!) ***]
25) SC
()
[BS"; " w*! s"*""]
26) SF
()
OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Output File Name: DIALOG.INM
Output File Type: INMAGIC load file
Structure File name:
Global processing codes: [FC ! *** Copy fields from the input file to fields with the same
name in the output file ***]
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) ID
[NS 1 NI 1 NU]
2) AU
3) TI
4) JN
5) PUB
[F"PU" BL',']
6) PL
[F"PU" BR',']
7) DATE
[F"PY"]
8) DE
9) AB
10) LA
11) NTS
[F"NT"]
()
(AUTHOR)
(TITLE)
(JOURNAL)
(Publisher)
(PLACE)
()
(DESC)
(ABST)
(LANG)
(NOTES)
159
The Data Magician, version 1.5
DOBISINM.SET - Conversion of DOBIS records to INMAGIC
This is a sample conversion of records from DOBIS - The National Library of Canada's cataloguing
service, into INMAGIC. Before processing by The Data Magician, however, these records must be
pre-processed to convert some of the internal codes to ASCII codes. When you download from
DOBIS, the data uses special codes to indicate foreign language characters. For example, "`e" is
used to represent "è". There is a program available from the National Library called "DOWN.EXE"
which will convert the characters in the file to ASCII codes. After that, there are still two codes that
need to be converted. They are the subfield delimiters (ASCII Code 31) which need to be
converted to dollar signs ($), and the end of field (ASCII code 30) symbol which needs to be
eliminated. This can be done by The Data Magician in the Global Processing Codes. Note how
the special ASCII codes are entered as numbers between angle brackets. The end of record
(ASCII code 29), must be used to recognize where each record ends.
The Data Magician, version 1.5 Release x.x, serial number:
Settings File Name: DOBISINM.SET
Description:
Conversion of DOBIS MARC records to INMAGIC's CATALOG structure
Date: 07-18-1997
Note:
123456
Time: 02:20:04
Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: DOBIS.ASC
Input File Type: Tagged file
Repeating Field type:
2
Continuation characters: [
]
Record starts with:
[LDR]
and/or contains: []
Record ends with:
[***]
and/or contains: []
Field names begin with: [53]
and/or end with: []
Line PRE-Process Codes:
[s"<029>"" s"<030>"" s"<031>"$"
! *** Strip end-of-record characters (029),
end-of-field characters (030), and convert subfield delimiters (031) to dollar signs ***]
Global processing codes:
[]
INPUT FIELDS
1) LDR
[ce qr]
2) 001
3) 007
4) 008
5) 009
6) 010
7) 011
8) 013
9) 014
10) 015
11) 016
12) 017
13) 019
14) 020
15) 021
16) 022
17) 027
18) 030
19) 035
20) 036
21) 040
160
(Leader Information)
(DOBIS Document Number)
(Physical Descriptors)
(Fixed Fields)
(Phys. Desc. for Archive Mat.)
(LC Card Number)
(Alternate LCCN -Utlas convention)
(NLM Catalogue Citation Number)
(DOBIS Document Number)
(National Bibliography Number)
(Nat. Lib. Can. Record Ctrl No.)
(Copyright)
(OCLC Control Number)
(ISBN)
(Related ISBN (UTLAS convention))
(ISSN)
(Standard Tech. Rept. Number)
(CODEN)
(Local Number (Accession/Barcode))
(Local System Control Number)
(Cataloguing Source)
Appendix C: DOBISINM.SET - Conversion of DOBIS records to INMAGIC
22)
23)
24)
25)
26)
27)
28)
29)
30)
31)
32)
33)
34)
36)
37)
38)
39)
40)
41)
42)
43)
44)
45)
46)
47)
48)
49)
50)
51)
52)
53)
54)
55)
56)
57)
58)
59)
60)
61)
62)
63)
64)
65)
66)
67)
68)
69)
70)
71)
72)
73)
74)
75)
76)
77)
79)
80)
81)
82)
83)
84)
85)
88)
89)
90)
91)
92)
93)
041
042
043
045
046
050
055
059
060
082
086
090
092
100
110
111
130
210
222
240
243
245
246
250
260
263
265
300
310
350
362
400
410
440
490
500
503
504
505
510
515
520
525
535
546
550
570
580
600
610
611
630
650
651
655
700
710
711
720
730
740
770
780
785
800
810
811
830
(Language Code)
(Authentication Centre)
(Geographic Area Code)
(Chronological Code)
(Record Source)
(LC Call Number)
(NLC Call Number (Nat. Lib. Can.))
()
(NLM Call Number)
(Dewey Number)
(Gov. Doc. Number)
(Local Call Number)
(Card Generation Control)
(Main Entry - Personal Name)
(Main Entry - Corporate Name)
(Main Entry - Conference/Meeting)
(Main Entry - Uniform Title)
(Series Title (abbreviated))
(Key Title)
(Uniform Title)
(Collective Title)
(Title Statement)
(Variant Title)
(Edition)
(Imprint (Place/Publisher/Date))
(Projected Publication Date)
(Source for Acquisition/Subsript.)
(Collation)
(Frequency)
(Price)
(Dates & Volumes (Serials))
(Series - Personal Name)
(Series - Corporate Name)
(Series - Title)
(Series - Variant Title)
(General Note)
(Bibliographic History Note)
(Bibliography Note)
(Contents Note)
(Citation Note)
()
(Abstract/Summary)
(Supplement Note (Serials))
(Local Use Note)
(Language Note (Serials))
(Issuing Body Note (Serials))
(Editor Note (Serials))
(Linking Entry Note)
(Subject - Personal Name)
(Subject - Corporate Name)
(Subject - Conference/Meeting)
(Subject - Uniform Title)
(Subject - Topical)
(Subject - Geographic)
(Subject - Genre)
(Added Entry - Personal Name)
(Added Entry - Corporate Name)
(Added Entry - Conference/Meeting)
()
(Added Entry - Unform Title)
(Added Entry - Title traced diff.)
()
(Added Entry - Preceeding Entry)
(Added Entry - Succeeding Entry)
(Series Add. Ent. - Personal Name)
(Series Add. Ent. - Corp. Name)
(Series Add. Ent. - Conf./Meeting)
(Series Add. Ent. - Uniform Title)
161
The Data Magician, version 1.5
94)
95)
96)
97)
98)
840
850
0##
@@@
<029>
(Series Add. Ent. - Title)
(DOBIS System holdings)
()
(Junk data?)
()
OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Output File Name: DOBIS.INM
Output File Type: INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks load file
Structure File name: \INMAGIC\CATALOG.STR
Global processing codes: []
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) ID
()
[ns 1 nu ni 1]
2) CL
(CLASS)
[f"0905$*" CE F"055" CE F"050" C+ s'/' ' BC ! *** Get Call number from: Local, NLC,
LC (in that order), then just take subfield a, convert slashes to spaces, and finally insert
spaces at the correct points ***]
3) TI
(TITLE)
[f"2455$a" xp]
4) STI
(SUBTITLE)
[f"2455$b"]
5) AU
(AUTHOR)
[f"1005$*" xe", "]
6) CORP
()
[f"1105$*"]
7) ED
(EDITION)
[f"2505$a"]
8) PL
(PLACE)
[f"2605$a" xe ": "]
9) PUB
()
[f"2605$b" xe", "]
10) DT
(DATE)
[f"2605$c" xe ". "]
11) PD
(PHYSICAL)
[f"3005$*"]
12) SER
(SERIES)
[f'400' sf f'410' sf f'440' sf f'490' bm"$*" xs]
13) DE
(DESC)
[f'650' sf f'610' sf f'611' sf f'630' sf f'651' sf f'655' sm" -- " BM '$*' xs]
14) AB
(ABST)
[f"520"]
15) NTS
(NOTES)
[f"500" sf f"503" sf f"504" sf f"505" sf f"510" sf f"525" sf f"535" sf f"546" sf f"550"
sf f"570" sf f"580" BM '$*' XS]
16) AE
(ADDED)
[f"700" sf f"710" sf f"740" sf f"780" sf f"785" sf f"711" sf f"730" sf f"800" sf f"810"
sf f"811" sf f"830" sf f"840" BM '$*' XS]
17) BN
(ISBN)
[f"0205$a" xe ": "]
18) SN
(ISSN)
[f"0225$a"]
19) LC
()
[f"0105$a"]
20) ORD
(ORDER)
21) LOCN
()
[f"0905$a"]
22) HO
(HOLDINGS)
[f"3625$a"]
23) CPS
(COPIES)
24) LBL
(LABEL)
25) PRE
(PRELIM)
[DT DX
! Get today's date and convert to text format]
26) OK
()
27) SEE
()
28) SEE_ALSO
()
162
Appendix C: DOBISMRC.SET - Conversion of DOBIS records to MARC Comm. format
DOBISMRC.SET - Conversion of DOBIS (MARC) records to MARC
This is a sample conversion of records from DOBIS - The National Library of Canada's cataloguing
service, into an actual MARC Communcication file. Once in that format, it should be able to be
loaded into most library automation systems. In this sample, the fields are moved one-for-one from
the input to the output, retaining all indicator codes and subfield delimiters.
Before processing by The Data Magician, however, these records must be pre-processed to convert
some of the internal codes to ASCII codes. When you download from DOBIS, the data uses
special codes to indicate foreign language characters. For example, "`e" is used to represent "è".
There is a program available from the National Library called "DOWN.EXE" which will convert the
characters in the file to ASCII codes. After that, the end of field (ASCII code 30) symbol needs to
be eliminated. This can be done by The Data Magician in the Global Processing Codes. Note how
the special ASCII codes are entered as numbers between angle brackets. The end of record
(ASCII code 29), must be used to recognize where each record ends.
This conversion requires that you start The Data Magician using the /F option which will add field
names to both the Input and Output Fields as they are encountered. This way, all MARC tags will
be converted. It also makes the conversion settings file very short since you do not need to define
all the tags ahead of time.
The Data Magician, version 1.5 Release x.x, serial number:
Settings File Name: DOBISMRC.SET
123456
Description: Conversion of DOBIS downloaded records to MARC Communication format.
***
Note: This conversion must be run with the /F option to add new field tags as encountered ***
Date: 07-18-1997
Note:
Time: 15:49:03
Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: DOBIS.ASC
Input File Type: Tagged file
Repeating Field type:
2
Continuation characters: [
]
Record starts with:
[LDR]
Record ends with:
[<029>]
Field names begin with: [53]
Line PRE-Process Codes:
[s"<030>""]
Global processing codes:
[]
INPUT FIELDS
1) LDR
[ce qr
2) 001
3) @@@
4) 0##
OUTPUT FILE
Output
Output
Global
and/or contains: []
and/or contains: []
and/or end with: []
(Leader Information)
! *** Skip record if this field empty ***]
(DOBIS Document Number)
(This field will be ignored)
(This field will be ignored)
SPECIFICATIONS
File Name: DOBIS.MRC
File Type: MARC Communications File
processing codes: [fc ! *** Just copy fields with same name (number) ***]
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) STATUS
[f"LDR5[6]"
2) RECTYPE
(Record Status)
! *** Get Record Status from 6th position of LDR***]
(Record Type)
163
The Data Magician, version 1.5
[f"LDR5[7]" ! *** Get Record Type from 7th position ***]
3) BIBLEVEL
(Bibliographic Level)
[f"LDR5[8]" ! *** Get Bib. Level from 8th position ***]
4) ENCODE
(Encoding Level)
[f"LDR5[9]" ! *** Get Enc. Level from 9th position ***]
5) DCF
(Descriptive Cataloguing Form)
[f"LDR5[10]" ! *** Get DCF from 10th position ***]
6) 001
(DOBIS Document Number)
[! *** All other fields are copied directly from the input file]
164
Appendix C: EBSCO.SET - EBSCO Serials records to INMAGIC
EBSCO.SET - EBSCO Serials (MARC communications format) to INMAGIC
These settings will allow INMAGIC users to request MARC records from EBSCO or CANEBSCO
and convert them to an INMAGIC database using the Biblio Guide SERMAN structure. While many
of the fields would make sense for most users, there may be some changes necessary for any
particular application.
These settings should also work for serials records in MARC
Communications format from other vendors, such as FAXON.
Some character translations may need to be added to the Global Processing Codes for the Input
File, if you have a lot of French materials.
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Settings File Name: EBSCO.SET
Description:
123456
Conversion of EBSCO serial records to INMAGIC's SERMAN structure
Date: 07-18-1997
Note:
Release x.x, serial number:
Time: 02:37:08
Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: EBSCO.MRC
Input File Type: MARC Communications File
Global processing codes:
[ce c~ s"'e"é" ! *** If current field not empty, convert character(s) from ALA
standard to PC format ***]
INPUT FIELDS
1) STATUS
2) RECTYPE
3) BIBLEVEL
4) ENCODE
5) DCF
6) 001
7) 005
8) 008
9) 010
10) 012
11) 015
12) 019
13) 022
14) 030
15) 032
16) 035
17) 040
18) 041
19) 049
20) 042
21) 043
22) 050
23) 051
24) 055
25) 060
26) 070
27) 072
28) 074
29) 082
30) 086
31) 088
32) 110
33) 130
34) 210
35) 212
36) 222
()
()
()
()
()
(RSN)
()
(Fixed Fields)
(LCCN)
()
()
()
(ISSN)
(CODEN)
()
(Local Accession Number)
(Cataloguing Source)
(Language Codes)
()
()
(Geographic Code)
(LC Call Number)
()
()
(NLM Call Number)
()
()
()
(Dewey)
()
()
()
()
(Series Title (Abbreviated))
()
(Key Title)
165
The Data Magician, version 1.5
37)
38)
39)
40)
41)
42)
43)
44)
45)
46)
47)
48)
49)
50)
51)
52)
53)
54)
55)
56)
57)
58)
59)
60)
61)
62)
63)
64)
245
246
247
250
260
265
300
310
321
350
362
440
490
500
504
506
510
515
520
525
530
546
550
555
570
580
590
610
[ce c~ br"$a"
and put hyphens between
65) 650
[ce c~ br"$a"
66) 651
[ce c~ br"$a"
67) 710
[ce c~ br"$a"
68) 700
69) 730
70) 752
71) 760
72) 767
73) 770
74) 772
75) 775
76) 776
77) 777
78) 780
79) 785
80) 787
81) 830
82) 850
83) 871
84) 902
85) 936
(Title Statement)
(Variant Title)
()
(Edition)
(Imprint)
()
(Collation)
(Frequency)
()
(Price)
(Dates & Volumes)
(Series - Title)
(Series - Variant Title)
(General Note)
(Bibliography Note)
()
(Citation Note)
()
()
()
(Source Note)
(Language Note)
(Issuing Body Note)
()
(Editor Note)
(Linking Entry Note)
(Local Notes)
(Subject - Corporate Name)
s"$?" -- " ! *** If current field not empty, take everything after $a,
each subfield ***]
(Subject - Topical)
s"$?" -- "]
(Subject - Geographic)
s"$?" -- "]
(Added Entry - Corporate Name)
s"$?" -- "]
(Added Entry - Personal Name)
(Added Entry - Uniform Title)
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
(Added Entry - Preceding Entry)
(Added Entry - Succeeding Entry)
()
()
()
()
(Supplier Info)
()
OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Output File Name: EBSCO.INM
Output File Type: INMAGIC load file
Structure File name: C:\INMAGIC\SERMAN.STR
Global processing codes: []
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) ID
()
[NS 1 NU NI 1]
2) SUPNO
()
[F"902" BM"$a"]
3) TI
(TITLE)
166
Appendix C: EBSCO.SET - EBSCO Serials records to INMAGIC
[f"245"
4) STI
[f"245"
5) ED
[f"250"
6) DE
[f'650'
7) LOCN
8) ORD
9) ODT
10) PO
11) ACCT
12) DP
13) PRICE
[f"350"
14) COST
15) TP
16) IN
[f"510"
17) FREQ
[f"310"
18) START
19) EXP
20) REN
21) HO
[f"049"
22) SPEC
23) RTN
24) LOAN
25) SUP
[f"902"
26) SADD
27) STEL
28) SAN
29) NAME
30) NTS
31) Q1
32) Q2
33) Q3
34) Q4
35) SN
[f"022"
36) AU
37) CORP
[f"110"
38) CL
[f"050"
39) PL
[f"260"
40) PUB
[f"260"
41) DT
[f"362"
42) SER
43) BIND
[ ]
44) PRE
[DT DX]
45) OK
46) CPS
47) NUM
bm"$a" xp]
(SUBTITLE)
bm"$b"]
(EDITION)
bm"$a"]
(DESC)
sf f'610' sf f'651' xs]
()
(ORDER)
(ORDERDT)
()
()
(DEPT)
()
bm"$a"]
()
(TYPE)
(INDEX)
bm'$a']
()
bm "$a" xe ", "]
()
(EXPIRES)
(RENEW)
(HOLDINGS)
sf f'590']
(SPECIAL)
(RETAIN)
()
(SUPPLIER)
bm'$c']
(SUPADD)
(SUPTEL)
()
()
(NOTES)
()
()
()
()
(ISSN)
bm'$a']
(AUTHOR)
()
bm'$a']
(CLASS)
br"$a" s"$?"" bc]
(PLACE)
bm'$a' xe ", "]
()
bm'$b']
(DATE)
bm "$a"]
(SERIES)
(BINDERY)
(PRELIM)
()
(COPIES)
(NUMBER)
167
The Data Magician, version 1.5
GEACINM.SET - Conversion of GEAC records to INMAGIC
These settings were created to show how to set up a conversion of GEAC screen captures to
INMAGIC. Once the conversion is performed via The Data Magician, the records must be added
to your INMAGIC database using the Add option in the Maintain menu.
Although GEAC records are typically displayed with a brief or full "tagged" display (AU for author,
TI for title), the MARC display was chosen for this conversion because of the completeness of the
information. The settings could, however, be modified to accommodate the other display formats.
All the fields used in the UTLAS conversion were included, even though many of them do not
appear in the sample file. Some may occur in any files you may wish to convert. Many of the fields
are not actually moved to an output field. If you find fields that are not recognized in the conversion
process, simply add them to the input list, and include them somewhere in the output fields. You
are likely to find "unusual" fields in special records such as serials, audio-visual materials,
government documents, etc.
The Data Magician, version 1.5 Release x.x, serial number:
Settings File Name: GEACINM.SET
Description:
Sample CAN/OLE to INMAGIC Conversion
Date: 07-18-1997
Note:
Time: 23:16:27
Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: GEACMARC.ASC
Input File Type: Tagged
Repeating Field type:
2
Continuation characters: [
Record starts with:
[008]
Record ends with:
[002]
Field names begin with: [53]
Line PRE-Process Codes: []
Global processing codes: []
INPUT FIELDS
1) 001
2) 002
[ce qr
3) 004
4) 007
5) 008
6) 009
7) 010
8) 011
9) 013
10) 015
11) 016
12) 017
13) 019
14) 020
15) 021
16) 022
17) 027
18) 030
19) 035
20) 036
21) 040
22) 041
23) 042
168
123456
]
and/or contains: []
and/or contains: []
and/or end with: []
(Reserve Sequence Number)
(Control Number)
! *** Skip this "record" if there is no control number ***]
(Amendments)
(Physical Descriptors)
(Fixed Fields)
(Phys. Desc. for Archive Mat.)
(LC Card Number)
(Alternate LCCN -Utlas convention)
(NLM Catalogue Citation Number)
(National Bibliography Number)
(Nat. Lib. Can. Record Ctrl No.)
(Copyright)
(OCLC Control Number)
(ISBN)
(Related ISBN (UTLAS convention))
(ISSN)
(Standard Tech. Rept. Number)
(CODEN)
(Local Number (Accession/Barcode))
(Local System Control Number)
(Cataloguing Source)
(Language Code)
(Authentication Centre)
Appendix C: GEACINM.SET - Conversion of GEAC records to INMAGIC
24)
25)
26)
27)
28)
29)
30)
31)
32)
33)
34)
35)
36)
37)
38)
39)
40)
41)
42)
43)
44)
45)
46)
47)
48)
49)
50)
51)
52)
53)
54)
55)
56)
57)
58)
59)
60)
61)
62)
63)
64)
65)
66)
67)
68)
69)
70)
71)
72)
73)
74)
75)
76)
77)
78)
79)
80)
81)
82)
83)
043
(Geographic Area Code)
045
(Chronological Code)
046
(Record Source)
050
(LC Call Number)
055
(NLC Call Number (Nat. Lib. Can.))
060
(NLM Call Number)
082
(Dewey Number)
086
(Gov. Doc. Number)
088
(Document Shelving Number (CODOC))
090
(Local Call Number)
092
(Card Generation Control)
093
()
099
(Alternate Call Number)
100
(Main Entry - Personal Name)
110
(Main Entry - Corporate Name)
[s'$b' ']
111
(Main Entry - Conference/Meeting)
130
(Main Entry - Uniform Title)
210
(Series Title (abbreviated))
222
(Key Title)
240
(Uniform Title)
243
(Collective Title)
245
(Title Statement)
246
(Variant Title)
250
(Edition)
260
(Imprint (Place/Publisher/Date))
263
(Projected Publication Date)
265
(Source for Acquisition/Subsript.)
300
(Collation)
[s'$b' ' s'$c' ']
310
(Frequency)
350
(Price)
362
(Dates & Volumes (Serials))
400
(Series - Personal Name)
410
(Series - Corporate Name)
[s'$b' ']
440
(Series - Title)
490
(Series - Variant Title)
500
(General Note)
503
(Bibliographic History Note)
504
(Bibliography Note)
505
(Contents Note)
510
(Citation Note)
520
(Abstract/Summary)
525
(Supplement Note (Serials))
535
(Local Use Note)
546
(Language Note (Serials))
550
(Issuing Body Note (Serials))
570
(Editor Note (Serials))
580
(Linking Entry Note)
600
(Subject - Personal Name)
610
(Subject - Corporate Name)
[s'$b' ']
611
(Subject - Conference/Meeting)
630
(Subject - Uniform Title)
650
(Subject - Topical)
[s'$b' -- ' s'$x' -- ' s'$y' -- ' s'$z' -- ']
651
(Subject - Geographic)
[s'$b' -- ' s'$x' -- ' s'$y' -- ' s'$z' -- ']
655
(Subject - Genre)
[s'$b' -- ' s'$x' -- ' s'$y' -- ' s'$z' -- ']
700
(Added Entry - Personal Name)
710
(Added Entry - Corporate Name)
[s'$b' ']
711
(Added Entry - Conference/Meeting)
730
(Added Entry - Unform Title)
740
(Added Entry - Title traced diff.)
780
(Added Entry - Preceeding Entry)
169
The Data Magician, version 1.5
84)
85)
86)
87)
88)
89)
90)
91)
785
(Added Entry - Succeeding Entry)
800
(Series Add. Ent. - Personal Name)
810
(Series Add. Ent. - Corp. Name)
811
(Series Add. Ent. - Conf./Meeting)
830
(Series Add. Ent. - Uniform Title)
840
(Series Add. Ent. - Title)
966
(Circulation Holdings)
BRF
(Junk)
[! *** The following "fields" come from the search text between (and within) records
92)
93)
94)
95)
96)
IND
CAT
Ent
con
074
***]
(Junk)
(Junk)
(Junk)
(Junk)
(Junk)
OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Output File Name: GEACMARC.INM
Output File Type: INMAGIC load file
Structure File name:
Global processing codes: []
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) ID
()
[ns 1 nu ni 1]
2) CL
(CLASS)
[f"090" ce f"099" c+ BM '$a' S"/" " xr
! *** Take field 090, if empty get 099. In
either case just get $a, substitute slashes with spaces, and strip trailing spaces. ***]
3) TI
(TITLE)
[f"245" BM '$a' XP
! *** Get title, strip trailing punctuation ***]
4) STI
(SUBTITLE)
[f"245" BM'$b']
5) AU
(AUTHOR)
[f"100" BM '$a' XE", "
! *** Get Author main entry ($a), and strip trailing commas
***]
6) CORP
()
[f"110" BM '$a' xr]
7) ED
(EDITION)
[f"250" BM '$a' xe"- "
! *** Get Edition statement, and strip trailing spaces and
hyphens ***]
8) PL
(PLACE)
[f"260" BM '$a' xe ": " ! *** Get Place of Publication (260$a) and strip trailing
colon ***]
9) PUB
()
[f"260" BM '$b' xe ", "]
10) DT
(DATE)
[f"260" BM'$c' xr]
11) PD
(PHYSICAL)
[f"300" BM '$a' xe"- "]
12) SER
(SERIES)
[f'400' sf f'410' sf f'440' sf f'490' xs bm'$a' ! *** Get series from multiple
sources, delete excess subfield markers (not required, but easier to look at), extract subfield
'a' (only) from each field ***]
13) DE
(DESC)
[f'650' sf f'610' sf f'611' sf f'630' sf f'651' sf f'655' xs bm'$a' xr ! See Series
notes]
14) AB
(ABST)
[f"520"]
15) NTS
(NOTES)
[f"500" sf f"503" sf f"504" sf f"505" sf f"510" sf f"525" sf f"535" sf f"546" sf f"550"
sf f"570" sf f"580" xs bm'$a' xr ! See Series notes]
16) AE
(ADDED)
[f"700" sf f"710" sf f"740" sf f"780" sf f"785" sf f"711" sf f"730" sf f"800" sf f"810"
sf f"811" sf f"830" sf f"840" xs bm'$a' xr ! See Series notes]
17) BN
(ISBN)
[f"020" BM'$a' xe ": "]
18) SN
(ISSN)
170
Appendix C: GEACINM.SET - Conversion of GEAC records to INMAGIC
[f"022"
19) LC
[f"010"
20) ORD
21) LOCN
[f"090"
22) HO
[f"362"
23) CPS
24) LBL
25) PRE
[dt dx]
26) OK
27) SEE
28) SEE_ALSO
BM'$a']
()
BM'$a']
(ORDER)
()
BM'$b']
(HOLDINGS)
BM'$a']
(COPIES)
(LABEL)
(PRELIM)
()
()
()
171
The Data Magician, version 1.5
GEACPROC.SET - Conversion of GEAC records to Pro-Cite
These settings were created to show how to set up a conversion of GEAC screen captures to ProCite, a bibliographic reference manager from PBS Inc. The Pro-Cite file must be set up as an ASCII
delimited file with 47 output fields. The order of the fields is critical for the file to be imported
correctly. After the file is converted via The Data Magician, you must use the IMPORT utility that
comes with Pro-Cite to load the records into your Pro-Cite database.
Although GEAC records are typically displayed with a brief or full "tagged" display (AU for author,
TI for title), the MARC display was chosen for this conversion because of the completeness of the
information. The settings could, however, be modified to accommodate the other display formats.
All the fields used in the UTLAS conversion were included, even though many of them do not
appear in the sample file. Some may occur in any files you may wish to convert. Many of the fields
are not actually moved to an output field. If you find fields that are not recognized in the conversion
process, simply add them to the input list, and include them somewhere in the output fields. You
are likely to find "unusual" fields in special records such as serials, audio-visual materials,
government documents, etc.
The Data Magician, version 1.5 Release x.x, serial number:
Settings File Name: GEACPROC.SET
123456
Description: Conversion of on-screen Geac captures, and convert them to a format that can be
loaded by Pro-Cite
Date: 07-18-1997
Note:
Time: 23:10:22
Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: GEACMARC.ASC
Input File Type: Tagged
Repeating Field type:
2
Continuation characters: [
Record starts with:
[008]
Record ends with:
[002]
Field names begin with: []
Line PRE-Process Codes:
[]
Global processing codes:
[]
INPUT FIELDS
1) 001
2) 002
3) 004
4) 007
5) 008
6) 009
7) 010
8) 011
9) 013
10) 015
11) 016
12) 017
13) 019
14) 020
15) 021
16) 022
17) 027
18) 030
172
]
and/or contains: []
and/or contains: []
and/or end with: []
(Reserve Sequence Number)
(Control Number)
(Amendments)
(Physical Descriptors)
(Fixed Fields)
(Phys. Desc. for Archive Mat.)
(LC Card Number)
(Alternate LCCN -Utlas convention)
(NLM Catalogue Citation Number)
(National Bibliography Number)
(Nat. Lib. Can. Record Ctrl No.)
(Copyright)
(OCLC Control Number)
(ISBN)
(Related ISBN (UTLAS convention))
(ISSN)
(Standard Tech. Rept. Number)
(CODEN)
Appendix C: GEACPROC.SET - Conversion of GEAC records to Pro-Cite
19)
20)
21)
22)
23)
24)
25)
26)
27)
28)
29)
30)
31)
32)
33)
34)
35)
36)
37)
38)
035
(Local Number (Accession/Barcode))
036
(Local System Control Number)
040
(Cataloguing Source)
041
(Language Code)
042
(Authentication Centre)
043
(Geographic Area Code)
045
(Chronological Code)
046
(Record Source)
050
(LC Call Number)
055
(NLC Call Number (Nat. Lib. Can.))
060
(NLM Call Number)
082
(Dewey Number)
086
(Gov. Doc. Number)
088
(Document Shelving Number (CODOC))
090
(Local Call Number)
092
(Card Generation Control)
093
()
099
(Alternate Call Number)
100
(Main Entry - Personal Name)
110
(Main Entry - Corporate Name)
[s'$b' ']
39) 111
(Main Entry - Conference/Meeting)
40) 130
(Main Entry - Uniform Title)
41) 210
(Series Title (abbreviated))
42) 222
(Key Title)
43) 240
(Uniform Title)
44) 243
(Collective Title)
45) 245
(Title Statement)
[s'$b' ']
46) 246
(Variant Title)
47) 250
(Edition)
48) 260
(Imprint (Place/Publisher/Date))
49) 263
(Projected Publication Date)
50) 265
(Source for Acquisition/Subsript.)
51) 300
(Collation)
[s'$b' ' s'$c' ' ! *** Put the whole thing together as one field ***]
52) 310
(Frequency)
53) 350
(Price)
54) 362
(Dates & Volumes (Serials))
55) 400
(Series - Personal Name)
56) 410
(Series - Corporate Name)
[s'$b' ']
57) 440
(Series - Title)
58) 490
(Series - Variant Title)
59) 500
(General Note)
60) 503
(Bibliographic History Note)
61) 504
(Bibliography Note)
62) 505
(Contents Note)
63) 510
(Citation Note)
64) 520
(Abstract/Summary)
65) 525
(Supplement Note (Serials))
66) 535
(Local Use Note)
67) 546
(Language Note (Serials))
68) 550
(Issuing Body Note (Serials))
69) 570
(Editor Note (Serials))
70) 580
(Linking Entry Note)
71) 600
(Subject - Personal Name)
72) 610
(Subject - Corporate Name)
[s'$b' ']
73) 611
(Subject - Conference/Meeting)
74) 630
(Subject - Uniform Title)
75) 650
(Subject - Topical)
[s'$b' -- ' s'$x' -- ' s'$y' -- ' s'$z' -- ' ! *** Substitute subfield delimiters with
dashes ***]
76) 651
(Subject - Geographic)
[s'$b' -- ' s'$x' -- ' s'$y' -- ' s'$z' -- ']
77) 655
(Subject - Genre)
[s'$b' -- ' s'$x' -- ' s'$y' -- ' s'$z' -- ']
173
The Data Magician, version 1.5
78) 700
79) 710
[s'$b'
80) 711
81) 730
82) 740
83) 780
84) 785
85) 800
86) 810
87) 811
88) 830
89) 840
90) 966
91) BRF
92) IND
93) CAT
94) ENTER
95) 074
OUTPUT FILE
Output
Output
Number
Global
(Added Entry - Personal Name)
(Added Entry - Corporate Name)
']
(Added Entry
(Added Entry
(Added Entry
(Added Entry
(Added Entry
(Series Add.
(Series Add.
(Series Add.
(Series Add.
(Series Add.
(Circulation
(Junk)
(Junk)
(Junk)
(Junk)
(Junk)
- Conference/Meeting)
- Unform Title)
- Title traced diff.)
- Preceeding Entry)
- Succeeding Entry)
Ent. - Personal Name)
Ent. - Corp. Name)
Ent. - Conf./Meeting)
Ent. - Uniform Title)
Ent. - Title)
Holdings)
SPECIFICATIONS
File Name: GEACPROC.ASC
File Type: ASCII comma delimited
of output fields:
47
processing codes: []
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) TYPE
(Record Type - Books Long)
['A']
2) RECNO
(Record Number)
[ns 100 nu ni 10]
3) Auth
(Author (Analytic))
4) AuRo
(Author Role (Analytic))
5) Affl
(Author Affiliation (Analytic))
6) Titl
(Title (Analytic))
7) Medm
(Medium Designator)
8) CoPh
(Connective Phrase)
9) Auth2
(Author (Monographic))
[f"100" sf f"700" sf F"110" xs bm'$a' xe", " s"5"//" ! *** Take Author Main Entry,
Personal Name Added Entry, and Corporate Main Entry (add others if you wish) ***]
10) AuRo2
(Author Role (Monographic))
11) Titl2
(Title (Monographic))
[F"245" BM'$a' xp]
12) Ltto
(Letter to)
13) Titl3
(Title)
14) DtMt
(Date of Meeting)
15) PlMt
(Place of Meeting)
16) Medm2
(Medium Designator 2)
17) Edit
(Edition)
[F"250" BM'$a' xe"- "]
18) Auth3
(Author (Subsidiary))
[F"710" BM'$a']
19) AuRo3
(Author Role (Subsidiary))
20) PlPu
(Place of Publication)
[F"260" BM'$a' xe": "]
21) Publ
(Publisher Name)
[F"260" BM'$b' xe", "]
22) Date
(Date of Publication)
[f"260" BM'$c' xr]
23) Copy
(Date of Copyright)
24) VoID
(Volume ID)
25) RpID
(Report ID)
26) IsID
(Issue ID)
27) Loc
(Location in Work)
28) Extn
(Extent of Work)
[F"300" BM'$a' xe"- "]
29) PaMe
(Packaging Method)
174
Appendix C: GEACPROC.SET - Conversion of GEAC records to Pro-Cite
30)
31)
32)
33)
34)
Size
()
RpRt
()
SrEd
(Series Editor)
SrRo
(Series Role)
SrTi
(Series Title)
[F"440" bm'$a' xr]
35) SrVo
(Series - Volume)
36) SrIs
(Series - Issue)
37) DcTy
()
38) CoPh
()
39) Aval
()
40) StLc
()
41) CODN
(CODEN)
42) ISSN
()
[F"022" BM'$a']
43) ISBN
()
[F"020" BM'$a' xe': ']
44) Note
(Notes)
[F"500" bm'$a']
45) Abst
(Abstract)
[F"520" bm'$a']
46) Call
(Call Numbers)
[F"099" BM'$a' xr]
47) Indx
(Index)
[F'650' SF F'610' SF F'611' SF F'630' SF F'651' SF F'655' xs bm'$a' xr s'5'/' ! ***
Take various subject fields, in the indicated order, and separate them with slashes ***]
175
The Data Magician, version 1.5
INM2MARC.SET - Conversion of INMAGIC records to MARC
These settings were created to show how MARC records could be created from an INMAGIC
database. The INMAGIC structure used here is the CATALOG structure from The Biblio Guide:
Using INMAGIC for Libraries. After converting the records with The Data Magician, you would need
to use a MARC loader for the system you wanted to load the records into.
The MARC file is only as good as the data going into it. We have include some choices for the
MARC indicator codes, although you may wish to adjust some of them. Note especially that we
have tried to analyze leading articles in the Title field to use the correct indicator code. Subjects,
series and added entries have been put into the local use or undefined categories since they may
be a mixed group. You can easily change what MARC fields should be used by changing the
number. For example: we put Descriptors into 690 - Subjects, Undefined. If your system will ignore
those, you may wish them put in as 650 - Topical Subjects.
The Data Magician, version 1.5 Release x.x, serial number:
Settings File Name: INM2MARC.SET
123456
Description: Conversion of INMAGIC records in the CATALOG Structure of The BIBLIO Guide to MARC
Communications Format
Date: 07-18-1997
Time: 23:31:17
Note:
Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: CATSAMP.ASC
Input File Type: INMAGIC load file
Structure File name: CATALOG.STR
Global processing codes: []
INPUT FIELDS
1) ID
()
2) CL
(CLASS)
[tb'0 $a' s" ."$b." ! *** Add indicator code and separate call number into subfields
***]
3) TI
(TITLE)
[c"The " o"Les " tb'14$a' c"An " o"Le " o"La " tb"13$a" c"A " o"L'" tb"12$a" c"$a"
c"$a" c~ tb"10$a" ! *** Create appropriate filing indicator codes ***]
4) STI
(SUBTITLE)
[tb'$b' s"5" " ! *** Add subfield delimiter so that 245 can be assmembled later ***]
5) AU
(AUTHOR)
[tb'10$a']
6) CORP
()
[tb' $a']
7) ED
(EDITION)
[tb' $a']
8) PL
(PLACE)
[tb'0 $a']
9) PUB
()
[tb'$b']
10) DT
(DATE)
[tb'$c']
11) PD
(PHYSICAL)
[tb' $a']
12) SER
(SERIES)
[tb' $a']
13) DE
(DESC)
[tb' 0$a']
14) AB
(ABST)
[tb' $a']
15) NTS
(NOTES)
176
Appendix C: INM2MARC.SET - Conversion of INMAGIC records to MARC Comm. format
[tb' $a']
16) AE
[tb' $a']
17) BN
[tb' $a']
18) SN
[tb' $a']
19) LC
[tb' $a']
20) ORD
[tb ' $a']
21) LOCN
[tb '$b']
22) HO
23) CPS
24) LBL
25) PRE
26) OK
27) SEE
28) SEE_ALSO
OUTPUT FILE
Output
Output
Global
(ADDED)
(ISBN)
(ISSN)
()
(ORDER)
()
(HOLDINGS)
(COPIES)
(LABEL)
(PRELIM)
()
()
()
SPECIFICATIONS
File Name: CATSAMP.MRC
File Type: MARC Communications File
processing codes: []
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) STATUS
()
["n" ! *** Create fixed Leader codes. These codes can be refined with conditional
Processing Codes. ***]
2) RECTYPE
()
["a"]
3) BIBLEVEL
()
["m"]
4) ENCODE
()
5) DCF
()
6) 001
()
[F"ID"]
7) 010
(LC Card Number)
[f"lc"]
8) 020
(ISBN)
[f"bn"]
9) 022
(ISSN)
[f"sn"]
10) 035
(Local Number (Order Number))
[f"ord"]
11) 090
()
[f"cl" f"locn"]
12) 100
()
[s1 f"au"]
13) 110
()
[s1 f"corp"]
14) 245
()
[s1 f"ti" s1- f"sti" ]
15) 250
()
[f"ed"]
16) 260
()
[f"pl" f"pub" f"dt"]
17) 300
()
[f"pd"]
18) 499
(Series Statement - Undefined)
[f"ser"]
19) 520
(Abstract)
[f"ab"]
20) 590
(Local Note)
[f"nts"]
21) 690
(Subject - Local Use)
[f"de"]
177
The Data Magician, version 1.5
22) 700
[s2- f"au"]
23) 740
[s2- f"ti"]
24) 799
[f"ae"]
178
(Added Entry - Personal Name)
(Added Entry - Title traced diff.)
(Added Entry - Undefined)
Appendix C: INM2MARC.SET - Conversion of INMAGIC records to MARC Comm. format
LIB2MARC.SET - DB/TextWorks LIBRARY or CATALOG data to MARC
These settings were created to show how MARC records could be created from a DB/TextWorks
library database. The data may come from a database based on either the LIBRARY or CATALOG
data structures from The Library Guide. After converting the records with The Data Magician, you
would need to use a MARC loader for the system you wanted to load the records into.
The MARC file is only as good as the data going into it. We have include some choices for the
MARC indicator codes, although you may wish to adjust some of them. Note especially that we
have tried to analyze leading articles in the Title field to use the correct indicator code. Subjects,
series and added entries have been put into the local use or undefined categories since they may
be a mixed group. You can easily change what MARC fields should be used by changing the
number. For example: we put Descriptors into 690 - Subjects, Undefined. If your system will ignore
those, you may wish them put in as 650 - Topical Subjects.
The Data Magician, version 1.5 Release x.x, serial number:
Settings File Name: LIB2MARC.SET
123456
Description: Conversion of DB/TextWorks records in the LIBRARY or CATALOG Structure of The
Library Guide to MARC Communications Format
Date: 08-09-1997
Note:
Time: 00:35:32
Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: LIBRARY.ADD
Input File Type: INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks load file
Structure File name: CATALOG.STR
Global processing codes:
[]
INPUT FIELDS
1) ID
()
2) Class
()
[tb'0 $a' s" ."$b." ! *** Add indicator code and separate call number into subfields
***]
3) Title
()
[c"The " o"Les " tb'14$a' c"An " o"Le " o"La " tb"13$a" c"A " o"L'" tb"12$a" c"$a"
c"$a" c~ tb"10$a" ! *** Create appropriate filing indicator codes ***]
4) Subtitle
()
[tb'$b' s"5" " ! *** Add subfield delimiter so that 245 can be assembled later ***]
5) Author
()
[tb'10$a']
6) Corporate Author
()
[tb' $a']
7) Responsibility
()
[tb"$c / "]
8) Edition
()
[tb' $a']
9) Place
()
[tb'0 $a']
10) Publisher
()
[tb'$b']
11) Pub Date
()
[tb'$c']
12) Physical Description ()
[tb' $a']
13) Record Type
()
14) Series
()
[tb' $a']
15) Descriptors
()
[tb' 0$a']
179
The Data Magician, version 1.5
16) Abstract
[tb' $a']
17) Notes
[tb' $a']
18) ISBN
[tb' $a']
19) List Price
20) ISSN
[tb' $a']
21) LC Card
[tb' $a']
22) Order Number
[tb ' $a']
23) Copy Management
[tb '$b']
24) Holdings
25) Label Information
26) When Catalogued
27) When Approved
OUTPUT FILE
Output
Output
Global
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
SPECIFICATIONS
File Name: LIBRARY.MRC
File Type: MARC Communications File
processing codes: []
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) STATUS
()
["n" ! *** Create fixed Leader codes. These codes can be made more refined with
conditional Processing Codes. ***]
2) RECTYPE
()
["a"]
3) BIBLEVEL
()
["m"]
4) ENCODE
()
5) DCF
()
6) 001
()
[F"ID"]
7) 010
(LC Card Number)
[f"LC Card"]
8) 020
(ISBN)
[f"ISBN"]
9) 022
(ISSN)
[f"ISSN"]
10) 035
(Local Number (Order Number))
[f"Order Number"]
11) 090
()
[f"Class" f"Copy Management"]
12) 100
()
[f"Author5(1)"]
13) 110
()
[f"Corporate Author5(1)"]
14) 245
()
[f"Title5(1)" f"Subtitle" f"Responsibility" !Take the first title field, and all of
"sti"]
15) 250
()
[f"Edition"]
16) 260
()
[f"Place" f"Publisher" f"Pub Date"]
17) 300
()
[f"Physical Description"]
18) 499
(Series Statement - Undefined)
[f"Series"]
19) 520
(Abstract)
[f"Abstract"]
20) 590
(Local Note)
[f"Notes]
21) 690
(Subject - Local Use)
180
Appendix C: INM2MARC.SET - Conversion of INMAGIC records to MARC Comm. format
[f"Descriptors]
22) 700
[f"Author5(2-)"]
23) 740
[f"Title5(2-)"]
(Added Entry - Personal Name)
(Added Entry - Title traced diff.)
181
The Data Magician, version 1.5
LIF2COM.SET - Conversion of MicroLIF MARC records to MARC
These settings were created to convert MARC records that were in the MicroLIF format to the
MARC Communications format. MicroLIF format is provided by some book vendors, rather than
MARC Communications. MicroLIF is generally easier to design, plus it is easier to read directly than
MARC Communications format. Field tags are down the left hand side (thus we use the Tagged
Format as the Input Type), with the data to the right. Look at the sample file (with Shift-F6) when
you have this conversion loaded to see the format.
In this case, library staff needed to load some records from Maclean-Hunter in MicroLIF format, but
their library system only handled MARC Communications format. These settings converts between
the two.
Most of the fields are converted "as is", with the exception of the Subject fields (6xx). Since these
came in all upper, they needed to be converted to upper/lower. The subfield codes pose a
problem, however. See those fields for comments on how this was done.
If you run this conversion with the /F option, any unspecified MARC tags will automatically be added
to both the Input and Output fields and will get converted.
The Data Magician, version 1.5 Release x.x, serial number:
Settings File Name: LIF2COM.SET
123456
Description: Conversion of MicroLIF MARC records to MARC Communication format
Date: 07-18-1997
Time: 22:33:20
Note: Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: MICROLIF.MRC
Input File Type: Tagged
Repeating Field type:
2
Continuation characters: [
]
Record starts with:
[LDR]
and/or
Record ends with:
[]
and/or
Field names begin with: [53]
and/or
Line PRE-Process Codes: []
Global processing codes:
[s"^`"" s"^"" s"_"$" s"}"é" s"~"è" !
substitute foreign language characters ***]
INPUT FIELDS
1) LDR
[ce qr
2) 001
3) 007
4) 008
5) 009
6) 010
7) 011
8) 013
9) 014
10) 015
11) 016
12) 017
13) 019
14) 020
15) 021
16) 022
17) 023
182
contains: []
contains: [^`]
end with: []
*** Strip End of Record/End of Field symbols,
(Leader Information)
! *** If empty, skip record ***]
(DOBIS Document Number)
(Physical Descriptors)
(Fixed Fields)
(Phys. Desc. for Archive Mat.)
(LC Card Number)
(Alternate LCCN -Utlas convention)
(NLM Catalogue Citation Number)
(DOBIS Document Number)
(National Bibliography Number)
(Nat. Lib. Can. Record Ctrl No.)
(Copyright)
(OCLC Control Number)
(ISBN)
(Related ISBN (UTLAS convention))
(ISSN)
(Film Number)
Appendix C: LIF2COM.SET - Conversion of MicroLIF MARC records to MARC Comm. format
18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
23)
24)
25)
26)
27)
28)
29)
30)
31)
32)
33)
34)
35)
36)
37)
38)
39)
40)
41)
42)
43)
44)
45)
46)
47)
48)
49)
50)
51)
52)
53)
54)
55)
56)
57)
58)
59)
60)
61)
62)
63)
64)
65)
66)
67)
68)
69)
70)
71)
72)
73)
74)
75)
76)
027
(Standard Tech. Rept. Number)
030
(CODEN)
035
(Local Number (Accession/Barcode))
036
(Local System Control Number)
040
(Cataloguing Source)
041
(Language Code)
042
(Authentication Centre)
043
(Geographic Area Code)
045
(Chronological Code)
046
(Record Source)
050
(LC Call Number)
055
(NLC Call Number (Nat. Lib. Can.))
059
()
060
(NLM Call Number)
082
(Dewey Number)
086
(Gov. Doc. Number)
090
(Local Call Number)
092
(Card Generation Control)
093
()
100
(Main Entry - Personal Name)
110
(Main Entry - Corporate Name)
111
(Main Entry - Conference/Meeting)
130
(Main Entry - Uniform Title)
210
(Series Title (abbreviated))
222
(Key Title)
240
(Uniform Title)
243
(Collective Title)
245
(Title Statement)
246
(Variant Title)
250
(Edition)
260
(Imprint (Place/Publisher/Date))
263
(Projected Publication Date)
265
(Source for Acquisition/Subsript.)
300
(Collation)
310
(Frequency)
350
(Price)
362
(Dates & Volumes (Serials))
400
(Series - Personal Name)
410
(Series - Corporate Name)
411
(Series - Meetings)
440
(Series - Title)
490
(Series - Variant Title)
500
(General Note)
501
(Notes)
503
(Bibliographic History Note)
504
(Bibliography Note)
505
(Contents Note)
508
(Credit Note)
510
(Citation Note)
511
(Performers)
515
()
520
(Abstract/Summary)
525
(Supplement Note (Serials))
535
(Local Use Note)
546
(Language Note (Serials))
550
(Issuing Body Note (Serials))
570
(Editor Note (Serials))
580
(Linking Entry Note)
600
(Subject - Personal Name)
[ce c~ s"$a"$1 " s"$x"$2 " s"$y"$3 " s"$z"$4 " l pa s"$1 "$a" s"$2 "$b" s"$3 "$y" s"$4
"$z" s" And " and " s" Of " of " s" A " a " s" The " the " s" An " an "
! *** We wanted to
capitalize each word (instead of all upper), but the subfield codes would have been capitalized,
so we converted subfield codes to numbers (plus a space), did the case conversion, then put the
codes back. Next, we converted a number of small words to lower case. The "ce c~" at the
beginning means do the processing only if the field is not blank.]
77) 610
(Subject - Corporate Name)
[ce c~ s"$a"$1 " s"$x"$2 " s"$y"$3 " s"$z"$4 " l pa s"$1 "$a" s"$2 "$b" s"$3 "$y" s"$4
"$z" s" And " and " s" Of " of " s" A " a " s" The " the " s" An " an "]
183
The Data Magician, version 1.5
"$z"
"$z"
"$z"
"$z"
"$z"
"$z"
78) 611
[ce c~ s"$a"$1 "
s" And " and " s" Of
79) 630
[ce c~ s"$a"$1 "
s" And " and " s" Of
80) 650
[ce c~ s"$a"$1 "
s" And " and " s" Of
81) 651
[ce c~ s"$a"$1 "
s" And " and " s" Of
82) 655
[ce c~ s"$a"$1 "
s" And " and " s" Of
83) 682
[ce c~ s"$a"$1 "
s" And " and " s" Of
84) 697
85) 700
86) 710
87) 711
88) 720
89) 730
90) 740
91) 770
92) 775
93) 776
94) 780
95) 785
96) 800
97) 810
98) 811
99) 830
100) 840
101) 949
OUTPUT FILE
Output
Output
Global
(Subject - Conference/Meeting)
s"$x"$2 " s"$y"$3 " s"$z"$4 " l pa s"$1
" of " s" A " a " s" The " the " s" An
(Subject - Uniform Title)
s"$x"$2 " s"$y"$3 " s"$z"$4 " l pa s"$1
" of " s" A " a " s" The " the " s" An
(Subject - Topical)
s"$x"$2 " s"$y"$3 " s"$z"$4 " l pa s"$1
" of " s" A " a " s" The " the " s" An
(Subject - Geographic)
s"$x"$2 " s"$y"$3 " s"$z"$4 " l pa s"$1
" of " s" A " a " s" The " the " s" An
(Subject - Genre)
s"$x"$2 " s"$y"$3 " s"$z"$4 " l pa s"$1
" of " s" A " a " s" The " the " s" An
()
s"$x"$2 " s"$y"$3 " s"$z"$4 " l pa s"$1
" of " s" A " a " s" The " the " s" An
(French Subject Headings)
(Added Entry - Personal Name)
(Added Entry - Corporate Name)
(Added Entry - Conference/Meeting)
()
(Added Entry - Unform Title)
(Added Entry - Title traced diff.)
()
()
()
(Added Entry - Preceeding Entry)
(Added Entry - Succeeding Entry)
(Series Add. Ent. - Personal Name)
(Series Add. Ent. - Corp. Name)
(Series Add. Ent. - Conf./Meeting)
(Series Add. Ent. - Uniform Title)
(Series Add. Ent. - Title)
(Holdings Info)
"$a" s"$2 "$b" s"$3 "$y" s"$4
" an "]
"$a" s"$2 "$b" s"$3 "$y" s"$4
" an "]
"$a" s"$2 "$b" s"$3 "$y" s"$4
" an "]
"$a" s"$2 "$b" s"$3 "$y" s"$4
" an "]
"$a" s"$2 "$b" s"$3 "$y" s"$4
" an "]
"$a" s"$2 "$b" s"$3 "$y" s"$4
" an "]
SPECIFICATIONS
File Name: COM.MRC
File Type: MARC Communications File
processing codes: [fc ! *** Copy all field tags with the same name ***]
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) STATUS
(Record Status)
["n" ! *** Force a default of "n" to the Status field. Note: in some MicroLIF files,
the data for these first five fields is contained in the LDR input field. ***]
2) RECTYPE
(Record Type)
["a"]
3) BIBLEVEL
(Bibliographic Level)
["m"]
4) ENCODE
(Encoding Level)
[" "]
5) DCF
(Descriptive Cataloguing Form)
[" "]
6) 001
(DOBIS Document Number)
7) 007
(Physical Descriptors)
8) 008
(Fixed Fields)
9) 009
(Phys. Desc. for Archive Mat.)
10) 010
(LC Card Number)
11) 011
(Alternate LCCN -Utlas convention)
12) 013
(NLM Catalogue Citation Number)
13) 014
(DOBIS Document Number)
14) 015
(National Bibliography Number)
15) 016
(Nat. Lib. Can. Record Ctrl No.)
16) 017
(Copyright)
17) 019
(OCLC Control Number)
18) 020
(ISBN)
184
Appendix C: LIF2COM.SET - Conversion of MicroLIF MARC records to MARC Comm. format
19)
20)
21)
22)
23)
24)
25)
26)
27)
28)
29)
30)
31)
32)
33)
34)
35)
36)
37)
38)
39)
40)
41)
42)
43)
44)
45)
46)
47)
48)
49)
50)
51)
52)
53)
54)
55)
56)
57)
58)
59)
60)
61)
62)
63)
64)
65)
66)
67)
68)
69)
70)
71)
72)
73)
74)
75)
76)
77)
78)
79)
80)
81)
82)
83)
84)
85)
86)
021
022
023
027
030
035
036
040
041
042
043
045
046
050
055
059
060
082
086
090
092
093
100
110
111
130
210
222
240
243
245
246
250
260
263
265
300
310
350
362
400
410
411
440
490
500
501
503
504
505
508
510
511
515
520
525
535
546
550
570
580
600
610
611
630
650
651
655
(Related ISBN (UTLAS convention))
(ISSN)
(Film Number)
(Standard Tech. Rept. Number)
(CODEN)
(Local Number (Accession/Barcode))
(Local System Control Number)
(Cataloguing Source)
(Language Code)
(Authentication Centre)
(Geographic Area Code)
(Chronological Code)
(Record Source)
(LC Call Number)
(NLC Call Number (Nat. Lib. Can.))
()
(NLM Call Number)
(Dewey Number)
(Gov. Doc. Number)
(Local Call Number)
(Card Generation Control)
()
(Main Entry - Personal Name)
(Main Entry - Corporate Name)
(Main Entry - Conference/Meeting)
(Main Entry - Uniform Title)
(Series Title (abbreviated))
(Key Title)
(Uniform Title)
(Collective Title)
(Title Statement)
(Variant Title)
(Edition)
(Imprint (Place/Publisher/Date))
(Projected Publication Date)
(Source for Acquisition/Subsript.)
(Collation)
(Frequency)
(Price)
(Dates & Volumes (Serials))
(Series - Personal Name)
(Series - Corporate Name)
(Series - Meetings)
(Series - Title)
(Series - Variant Title)
(General Note)
(Notes)
(Bibliographic History Note)
(Bibliography Note)
(Contents Note)
(Credit Note)
(Citation Note)
(Performers)
()
(Abstract/Summary)
(Supplement Note (Serials))
(Local Use Note)
(Language Note (Serials))
(Issuing Body Note (Serials))
(Editor Note (Serials))
(Linking Entry Note)
(Subject - Personal Name)
(Subject - Corporate Name)
(Subject - Conference/Meeting)
(Subject - Uniform Title)
(Subject - Topical)
(Subject - Geographic)
(Subject - Genre)
185
The Data Magician, version 1.5
87)
88)
89)
90)
91)
92)
93)
94)
95)
96)
97)
98)
99)
100)
101)
102)
103)
104)
105)
186
682
697
700
710
711
720
730
740
770
775
776
780
785
800
810
811
830
840
949
()
(French Subject Heading)
(Added Entry - Personal Name)
(Added Entry - Corporate Name)
(Added Entry - Conference/Meeting)
()
(Added Entry - Unform Title)
(Added Entry - Title traced diff.)
()
()
()
(Added Entry - Preceeding Entry)
(Added Entry - Succeeding Entry)
(Series Add. Ent. - Personal Name)
(Series Add. Ent. - Corp. Name)
(Series Add. Ent. - Conf./Meeting)
(Series Add. Ent. - Uniform Title)
(Series Add. Ent. - Title)
(Holdings Info)
Appendix C: LM2MARC.SET - Conversion of Library Master records to MARC
LM2MARC.SET - Conversion of Library Master records to MARC
This is a sample of converting the sample Library Master database "SAMPLE1" to MARC
Communications format. As is, this will convert all records to a MARC format capturing titles,
authors, and several other fields. Not all fields are converted, however, and perhaps not all records
should be converted (eg: Articles). This could be handled by select only Books to export in Library
Master or using some Conditional Processing codes with The Data Magician to only process Books.
The Data Magician, version 1.5 Release x.x, serial number:
Settings File Name: LM2MARC.SET
Description:
Library Master SAMPLE1 database to MARC Communications format
Date: 08-08-1997
Note:
123456
Time: 23:50:29
Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: SAMPLE1.TXT
Input File Type: Library Master Tagged file
Structure File name: SAMPLE1.STR
Global processing codes:
[ce qf c~ s'é''e' s'è'ße' s'ê'Be' s'ë'Me' s'á''a' s'à'ßa' s'â'Ba' s'ä'Ma' s'Ç'/C'
s'ç'/c' s'ñ'En' c+ ! *** Convert some of the PC character codes to the ALA and CAN/MARC Character
set. See Help Screen 214 to extrapolate for other PC codes ***]
INPUT FIELDS
1) RECTYPE
()
2) AUTHORS
()
[TB"10$a"]
3) TITLE
()
[c"The " o"Les " tb'14$a' c"An "
c"$a" c~ tb"10$a" ! *** Create appropriate
4) PUB LOCATION
()
[tb "$a"]
5) PUBLISHER
()
[tb "$b"]
6) DATE
()
[tb "$c"]
7) EDITION
()
[tb " $a"]
8) CALL NUMBER
()
[tb "$a"]
9) ABBREVIATION
()
10) LOCATION
()
[tb"$b"]
11) PERIODICAL
()
12) VOLUME
()
13) PAGES
()
14) TRANSLATORS
()
[tb" $a" te", trans."]
15) ORIG TITLE
()
[c"The " o"Les " tb'14$a' c"An "
c"$a" c~ tb"10$a" ! *** Create appropriate
16) SERIES TITLE
()
[c"The " o"Les " tb'14$a' c"An "
c"$a" c~ tb"10$a" ! *** Create appropriate
17) EDITORS
()
[tb "10$a" TE", ed."]
18) USE
()
19) BOOK TITLE
()
[c"The " o"Les " tb'14$a' c"An "
c"$a" c~ tb"10$a" ! *** Create appropriate
20) TYPE
()
21) NUM VOLUMES
()
o"Le " o"La " tb"13$a" c"A " o"L'" tb"12$a" c"$a"
filing indicator codes ***]
o"Le " o"La " tb"13$a" c"A " o"L'" tb"12$a" c"$a"
filing indicator codes ***]
o"Le " o"La " tb"13$a" c"A " o"L'" tb"12$a" c"$a"
filing indicator codes ***]
o"Le " o"La " tb"13$a" c"A " o"L'" tb"12$a" c"$a"
filing indicator codes ***]
187
The Data Magician, version 1.5
22) ITEM NUMBER
23) DOC SERV/NUM
24) DESCRIPTION
[tb" $a"]
25) SUBJECTS
[tb " 0$a" s"--"$x"]
26) ISSUE
27) AUTHOR ROLE
28) ORIG PUB LOC
29) ORIG PUBLISH
30) ORIG DATE
31) ORIG PERIODI
32) ORIG VOLUME
33) ORIG PAGES
34) ORIG BOOK
35) RECORD TITLE
36) BOOK AUTHORS
37) PERFORMER
38) PERFORM ROLE
39) SECTION
40) TRANS TITLE
41) SHORT CITE
42) MEETING
43) MEETING LOC
44) ASSIGNEE
45) APPL DAT/NUM
46) EQUIV PATENT
OUTPUT FILE
Output
Output
Global
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
SPECIFICATIONS
File Name: SAMPLE1.MRC
File Type: MARC Communications File
processing codes: []
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) STATUS
()
["n"]
2) RECTYPE
()
["a"]
3) BIBLEVEL
()
["m"]
4) ENCODE
()
[" "]
5) DCF
()
[" "]
6) 090
(Call Number)
[f"CALL NUMBER" f"LOCATION" TB" "]
7) 100
(Author)
[F"AUTHORS5(1)"]
8) 245
(Title)
[F"TITLE"]
9) 250
(Edition)
[F"EDITION"]
10) 260
(Publication)
[F"PUB LOCATION" F"PUBLISHER" F"DATE" TB"0 "]
11) 440
(Series Title)
[F"SERIES TITLE"]
12) 500
(Notes)
13) 520
(Abstract)
[F"DESCRIPTION"]
14) 650
(Subjects)
[F"SUBJECTS"]
15) 700
(Added Authors)
[f"AUTHORS5(2-)" SF F"EDITORS" SF F"TRANSLATORS" XS]
16) 740
(Added Title entries)
[f"ORIG TITLE" SF F"BOOK TITLE" SF F"TRANS TITLE"]
188
Appendix C: MARC2LIB.SET - Conversion of MARC reocrds to DB/TextWorks
MARC2LIB.SET - Conversion of MARC reocrds to DB/TextWorks
These settings will convert a MARC Communications format file into DB/TextWorks Library Guide
LIBRARY or CATALOG structures.
Note that when you import records created with these settings that have "extended" characters
(with accents), that it is creating them using the MS-DOS character set. To load them correctly, you
must set the User Preferences (in the File Menu) so that the File Format will Read/write extended
MS-DOS characters.
These settings will work for either the LIBRARY or CATALOG structure as it uses the common fields
between them.
The Data Magician, version 1.5 Release x.x, serial number:
Settings File Name: MARC2LIB.SET
123456
Description: Conversion of MARC records to INMAGIC's DB/TextWorks LIBRARY or CATALOG stucture
Note that you must set the User Preferences (File Menu) so that File Format will Read/write
extended characters in MS-DOS format, if you have extended chars.
Date: 08-08-1997
Note:
Time: 23:58:16
Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: UTLAS.MRC
Input File Type: MARC Communications file
Global processing codes:
[ce qf c~ s''e'é' s'ße'è' s'Be'ê' s'Me'ë' s'Mo'ö' s'Mu'ü' s'Sa'å' s''a'á' s'ßa'à'
s'Ba'â' s'Ma'ä' s'/C'Ç' s'/c'ç' s'En'ñ' s'<'£' c+ ! *** Convert some of the ALA and CAN/MARC
Character set to PC character codes. See Help Screen 214 to extrapolate for other PC codes ***]
INPUT FIELDS
1) STATUS
2) RECTYPE
3) BIBLEVEL
4) ENCODE
5) DCF
6) 001
7) 004
8) 007
9) 008
10) 009
11) 010
12) 011
13) 013
14) 015
15) 016
16) 017
17) 019
18) 020
19) 021
20) 022
21) 027
22) 030
23) 035
24) 036
25) 040
26) 041
27) 042
28) 043
29) 045
30) 046
31) 050
(Record Status)
(Record Type)
(Bibliographic)
(Encoding Level)
(Descriptive Cataloguing Form)
(Reserve Sequence Number)
(Amendments)
(Physical Descriptors)
(Fixed Fields)
(Phys. Desc. for Archive Mat.)
(LC Card Number)
(Alternate LCCN -Utlas convention)
(NLM Catalogue Citation Number)
(National Bibliography Number)
(Nat. Lib. Can. Record Ctrl No.)
(Copyright)
(OCLC Control Number)
(ISBN)
(Related ISBN (UTLAS convention))
(ISSN)
(Standard Tech. Rept. Number)
(CODEN)
(Local Number (Accession/Barcode))
(Local System Control Number)
(Cataloguing Source)
(Language Code)
(Authentication Centre)
(Geographic Area Code)
(Chronological Code)
(Record Source)
(LC Call Number)
189
The Data Magician, version 1.5
32)
33)
34)
35)
36)
37)
38)
39)
40)
41)
42)
43)
44)
45)
46)
47)
48)
49)
50)
51)
52)
53)
54)
55)
56)
57)
58)
59)
60)
61)
62)
63)
64)
65)
66)
67)
68)
69)
70)
71)
72)
73)
74)
75)
76)
77)
78)
79)
80)
81)
82)
83)
84)
85)
86)
87)
88)
89)
90)
91)
055
060
082
086
090
092
093
100
110
111
130
210
222
240
243
245
246
250
260
263
265
300
310
350
362
400
410
440
490
500
503
504
505
510
520
525
535
546
550
570
580
600
610
611
630
650
651
655
700
710
711
730
740
780
785
800
810
811
830
840
(NLC Call Number (Nat. Lib. Can.))
(NLM Call Number)
(Dewey Number)
(Gov. Doc. Number)
(Local Call Number)
(Card Generation Control)
()
(Main Entry - Personal Name)
(Main Entry - Corporate Name)
(Main Entry - Conference/Meeting)
(Main Entry - Uniform Title)
(Series Title (abbreviated))
(Key Title)
(Uniform Title)
(Collective Title)
(Title Statement)
(Variant Title)
(Edition)
(Imprint (Place/Publisher/Date))
(Projected Publication Date)
(Source for Acquisition/Subsript.)
(Collation)
(Frequency)
(Price)
(Dates & Volumes (Serials))
(Series - Personal Name)
(Series - Corporate Name)
(Series - Title)
(Series - Variant Title)
(General Note)
(Bibliographic History Note)
(Bibliography Note)
(Contents Note)
(Citation Note)
(Abstract/Summary)
(Supplement Note (Serials))
(Local Use Note)
(Language Note (Serials))
(Issuing Body Note (Serials))
(Editor Note (Serials))
(Linking Entry Note)
(Subject - Personal Name)
(Subject - Corporate Name)
(Subject - Conference/Meeting)
(Subject - Uniform Title)
(Subject - Topical)
(Subject - Geographic)
(Subject - Genre)
(Added Entry - Personal Name)
(Added Entry - Corporate Name)
(Added Entry - Conference/Meeting)
(Added Entry - Uniform Title)
(Added Entry - Title traced diff.)
(Added Entry - Preceeding Entry)
(Added Entry - Succeeding Entry)
(Series Add. Ent. - Personal Name)
(Series Add. Ent. - Corp. Name)
(Series Add. Ent. - Conf./Meeting)
(Series Add. Ent. - Uniform Title)
(Series Add. Ent. - Title)
OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Output File Name: LIBRARY.ADD
Output File Type: INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks load file
Structure File name: LIBRARY.STR
Global processing codes: []
190
Appendix C: MARC2LIB.SET - Conversion of MARC reocrds to DB/TextWorks
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) ID
()
[F"001" xl bw1
!You may just want this to be blank and let DB/TextWorks create the
ID key]
2) Class
()
[f"0905(1)$a" s'/' ' ! *** Take subfield "a" of the local call number, and convert
slashes to spaces ***]
3) Label Information
()
4) Copy Management
()
5) Title
()
[f"2455$a" XP xe": " ! *** Take subfield "a" of the title and strip trailing
punctuation ***]
6) Subtitle
()
[f"2455$b" xe"/ "]
7) Author
()
[f"1005$*" sf f"7005$*" XE", " xs]
8) Corporate Author
()
[f"1105$*" sf f"7105$*" sf f"1115$*" sf f"7115$*" xs]
9) Responsibility
()
[f"2455$c" xp]
10) Edition
()
[f"2505$a" XE "- "]
11) Source
()
12) Place
()
[f"2605$a" XE ",: "]
13) Publisher
()
[f"2605$b" XE ", "]
14) Pub Date
()
[f"2605$c" XE ". "]
15) Physical Description (PHYSICAL)
[f"3005$*" XE "- "]
16) Record Type
()
["book"]
17) Series
()
[f'400' sf f'410' sf f'440' sf f'490' sf f'210' sf f"800" sf f"800" sf f"810" sf f"811"
sf f"830" sf f"840" xs bm'$*' xp ! *** Get all the series fields (separated by subfield marks),
clear out any excess marks (xs), extract all MARC subfields, then strip trailing punctuation ***]
18) Descriptors
()
[f'650' sf f'610' sf f'611' sf f'630' sf f'651' sf f'655' xs sm" -- " bm'$*' !separate
subfields with " -- "]
19) Abstract
()
[f"5205$*"]
20) Notes
()
[f"500" sf f"503" sf f"504" sf f"505" sf f"510" sf f"525" sf f"535" sf f"546" sf f"550"
sf f"570" sf f"580" xs bm"$*"]
21) ISBN
()
[f"0205$a" xe": "]
22) ISSN
()
[f"0225$a"]
23) Order Number
()
24) List Price
()
[f"0205$c"]
25) Holdings
(Serial Holdings)
[f"3625$*"]
26) LC Card
()
[f"0105$a" xl]
191
The Data Magician, version 1.5
MEDCDINM.SET - Conversion of MedLine CD-ROM records to INMAGIC
This sample demonstrates the conversion of records downloaded from a MedLine CD-ROM, into
an INMAGIC format. Once converted, you can use the Add option in Maintain to load these into
INMAGIC.
Of special note in this conversion is the fact the lines coming from the download file are longer than
most. An entire abstract is printed on a single line! To accommodate this, you will need to run The
Data Magician with the command line option /L (eg: DATAMAGE/L), which tells it to read
exceptionally long lines. Note that this process is a little slower than normal, so you wouldn't want
to do this for other conversions. For more information on command line options, see page 139.
The Data Magician, version 1.5 Release x.x, serial number:
Settings File Name: MEDCDINM.SET
Description:
Sample Medline CD to INMAGIC Conversion
Date: 07-18-1997
Note:
123456
Time: 23:41:10
Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: MEDLINE.ASC
Input File Type: Tagged
Repeating Field type:
2
Continuation characters: [ ]
Record starts with:
[<*>]
Record ends with:
[***]
Field names begin with: []
Line PRE-Process Codes:
[]
Global processing codes:
[]
and/or contains: []
and/or contains: []
and/or end with: []
INPUT FIELDS
1) UNIQUE
()
[br "Identifier "]
2) AUTHOR
()
[xl xr]
3) AUTHORS
()
[xl xr bs" " ! *** Strip spaces off left and right, break into subfields on 2 spaces
***]
4) TITLE
()
[xl]
5) JOURNAL
()
[xl]
6) ABSTRACT
()
7) date
(temp1)
[f"journal" br"[*]" br "," br "," br "," br "," xl ! *** Extract the date from the
Journal field. Break right of a comma four times, just to be sure ***]
OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Output File Name: MEDCDINM.ASC
Output File Type: INMAGIC load file
Structure File name:
Global processing codes: []
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) ID
()
["MED "ns 10 nu ni 1
! *** Add 'MED' for easy identification of the records loaded
from an outside source ***]
2) CL
(CLASS)
192
Appendix C: MEDCDINM.SET - Conversion of MedLine CD-ROM records to INMAGIC
3) TI
(TITLE)
[f"title"]
4) STI
(SUBTITLE)
5) AU
(AUTHOR)
[f"author" sf f"authors" xs]
6) CORP
()
7) ED
(EDITION)
8) PL
(PLACE)
9) PUB
()
[F"JOURNAL" BLF"date" xe ", " ! *** Get publication source information, strip off date
information ***]
10) DT
(DATE)
[f"date"]
11) PD
(PHYSICAL)
12) SER
(SERIES)
13) DE
(DESC)
14) AB
(ABST)
[f"abstract" xl]
15) NTS
(NOTES)
16) AE
(ADDED)
17) BN
(ISBN)
18) SN
(ISSN)
19) LC
()
20) ORD
(ORDER)
21) LOCN
()
22) HO
(HOLDINGS)
23) CPS
(COPIES)
24) LBL
(LABEL)
25) PRE
(PRELIM)
[dt dx]
26) OK
()
27) SEE
()
28) SEE_ALSO
()
193
The Data Magician, version 1.5
MEDCDPRO.SET - Conversion of MedLine CD-ROM records to Pro-Cite
This sample demonstrates the conversion of records downloaded from a MedLine CD-ROM, into
a Pro-Cite format. Once converted, you can use the Pro-Cite utility program called "IMPORT" to
load these into Pro-Cite.
Of special note in this conversion is the fact the lines coming from the download file are longer than
most. An entire abstract is printed on a single line! To accommodate this, you will need to run The
Data Magician with the command line option /L (eg: DATAMAGE/L), which tells it to read
exceptionally long lines. Note that this process is a little slower than normal, so you wouldn't want
to do this for other conversions. For more information on command line options, see page 139.
The Data Magician, version 1.5 Release x.x, serial number:
Settings File Name: MEDCDPRO.SET
Description:
Sample Medline CD to Pro-Cite Conversion
Date: 07-18-1997
Note:
123456
Time: 22:33:02
Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: MEDLINE.ASC
Input File Type: Tagged
Repeating Field type:
2
Continuation characters: [ ]
Record starts with:
[<*>]
and/or contains: []
Record ends with:
[***]
and/or contains: []
Field names begin with: []
and/or end with: []
Line PRE-Process Codes:
[]
Global processing codes:
[s`"`'` ! *** Convert all " symbols to '. This avoids any possible problems when
loading into ProCite, since the data is normally surrounded by the double quote symbol ("). ***]
INPUT FIELDS
1) UNIQUE
()
[br "Identifier " ! *** Part of the field label gets into the data, so we remove it
***]
2) AUTHOR
(Used for Single author)
[xl xe". "]
3) TITLE
()
[xl]
4) JOURNAL
()
[xl]
5) AUTHORS
(Used for Multiple authors)
[xl xr bs" " xe "." s":o"ö" s":a"ä" ! *** Clear spaces on left and right, break into
multiple entries on two spaces, strip trailing periods and spaces, convert Scandinavian
characters. ***]
6) ABSTRACT
()
7) date
(temp1)
[f"journal" br"[*]" br "," br "," br "," br "," xl ! *** Take the Journal field, take
everything after something in square brackets, keep breaking off to the right of commas. What's
left should be the date of publication! ***]
OUTPUT FILE
Output
Output
Number
Global
194
SPECIFICATIONS
File Name: MEDCDPRO.ASC
File Type: ASCII comma delimited
of output fields:
47
processing codes: []
Appendix C: MEDCDPRO.SET - Conversion of MedLine CD-ROM records to Pro-Cite
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) TYPE
(Record Type - Journals Short)
['D']
2) RECNO
(Record Number)
[ns 10 nu ni 10]
3) Auth
(Author (Analytic))
[f"author" sf f"authors" xs s"5"//" ! *** Take single and multiple author fields and
turn multiple entries into the double slash required by ProCite. ***]
4) AuRo
(Author Role (Analytic))
5) Affl
(Author Affiliation (Analytic))
6) Titl
(Title (Analytic))
[f"title" xp ! *** Strip trailing punctuation from title ***]
7) Medm
(Medium Designator)
8) CoPh
(Connective Phrase)
9) Auth2
(Author (Monographic))
10) AuRo2
(Author Role (Monographic))
11) Titl2
(Title (Monographic) (Journal))
[F"JOURNAL" bl "[*]" XP ! *** Take everything to left of the square brackets as the
Journal Title. Strip trailing punctuation ***]
12) Ltto
(Letter to)
13) Titl3
(Title)
14) DtMt
(Date of Meeting)
15) PlMt
(Place of Meeting)
16) Medm2
(Medium Designator 2)
17) Edit
(Edition)
18) Auth3
(Author (Subsidiary))
19) AuRo3
(Author Role (Subsidiary))
20) PlPu
(Place of Publication)
21) Publ
(Publisher Name)
22) Date
(Date of Publication)
[f"date" xe"."]
23) Copy
()
24) VoID
(Volume Number)
[f"journal" br"[*]" bl"(*)" xl xr ! *** The volume number should be to the right of
what's in square brackets and to the left of the round brackets ***]
25) RpID
()
26) IsID
(Issue Number)
[f"journal" br"[*]" b"(*)" xb' (' xe') ' ! *** Get everything to the right of the
square brackets, get whatever is in round brackets, strip leading/trailing spaces and round
brackets ***]
27) Loc
()
[f"journal" br"[*]" br":" blf"date" xe", "
! *** Take everything to the right of the
square brackets, then past the colon, leave whatever is to the left of what is in the date input
field, then strip trailing commas and spaces ***]
28) Extn
()
29) PaMe
()
30) Size
()
31) RpRt
()
32) SrEd
()
33) SrRo
()
34) SrTi
()
35) SrVo
()
36) SrIs
()
37) DcTy
()
38) CoPh
()
39) Aval
()
40) StLc
()
41) CODN
()
42) ISSN
()
43) ISBN
()
44) Note
(Notes)
45) Abst
(Abstract)
[f"abstract" xl]
46) Call
(Call Numbers)
47) Indx
(Index)
195
The Data Magician, version 1.5
PROC2MRC.SET - Conversion of Pro-Cite records to MARC
These settings provide the basis for a conversion of Pro-Cite records to MARC Communications
format. The sample here rejects any records that are not Record Type A, B, or J (Books Long,
Short, and Manuscripts). These settings could be extended to other workform types (such as
Reports, Trade Catalogs and Sound Recordings) with some work. You may wish to make those
separate conversions, based on this one, or build in conditional processing based on the type of
record.
If you wish to create your own file to convert to MARC, you may use the Export program that comes
with Pro-Cite. Either Export from the complete database, and have The Data Magician skip
unwanted record types, or perform a search of the records you want, merge them into a new
database and Export from the new one. When using Export, do NOT change any of the
customization options, or the file will likely not load into The Data Magician.
The Data Magician, version 1.5 Release x.x, serial number:
Settings File Name: PROC2MRC.SET
123456
Description:
Conversion of ProCite records (Books - Long and Books
Communications Format
Date: 07-18-1997
Time: 21:55:35
Note: Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
-
Short)
to
MARC
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: PROCITE2.ASC
Input File Type: ASCII comma delimited
Number of input fields:
47
Character around text fields: "
Character between fields: ,
Does a RETURN end a field? Y
Does a RETURN end a record? Y
Global processing codes: []
INPUT FIELDS
1) TYPE
(Record Type - Books Long)
[C"A" o"B" o"J" c~ qr ! *** Reject records that are not type A, B, or J ***]
2) RECNO
(Record Number)
3) Auth
(Author (Analytic))
[s"//"5" tb"10$a"]
4) AuRo
(Author Role (Analytic))
5) Affl
(Author Affiliation (Analytic))
6) Titl
(Title (Analytic))
[c"The " o"Les " tb'14$a' c"An " o"Le " o"La " tb"13$a" c"A " o"L'" tb"12$a" c"$a"
c"$a" c~ tb"10$a" ! *** Create appropriate filing indicator codes ***]
7) Medm
(Medium Designator)
8) CoPh
(Connective Phrase)
9) Auth2
(Author (Monographic))
[s"//"5" tb"10$a"]
10) AuRo2
(Author Role (Monographic))
11) Titl2
(Title (Monographic))
[c"The " o"Les " tb'14$a' c"An " o"Le " o"La " tb"13$a" c"A " o"L'" tb"12$a" c"$a"
c"$a" c~ tb"10$a" ! *** Create appropriate filing indicator codes ***]
12) Ltto
(Letter to)
13) Titl3
(Title)
14) DtMt
(Date of Meeting)
15) PlMt
(Place of Meeting)
16) Medm2
(Medium Designator 2)
17) Edit
(Edition)
[tb" $a"]
196
Appendix C: MEDCDPRO.SET - Conversion of Pro-Cite records to MARC Comm. format
18) Auth3
(Author (Subsidiary))
[tb"10$a"]
19) AuRo3
(Author Role (Subsidiary))
20) PlPu
(Place of Publication)
[tb"0 $a"]
21) Publ
(Publisher Name)
[tb"$b"]
22) Date
(Date of Publication)
[tb"$c"]
23) Copy
(Date of Copyright)
24) VoID
(Volume ID)
25) RpID
(Report ID)
26) IsID
(Issue ID)
27) Loc
(Location in Work)
28) Extn
(Extent of Work)
[tb" $a"]
29) PaMe
(Packaging Method)
[tb" "]
30) Size
()
[tb"$c"]
31) RpRt
()
32) SrEd
(Series Editor)
[tb"10$a"]
33) SrRo
(Series Role)
34) SrTi
(Series Title)
[c"The " o"Les " tb'14$a' c"An " o"Le " o"La " tb"13$a" c"A " o"L'" tb"12$a" c"$a"
c"$a" c~ tb"10$a" ! *** Create appropriate filing indicator codes ***]
35) SrVo
(Series - Volume)
36) SrIs
(Series - Issue)
37) DcTy
()
38) CoPh
(Connective Phrase)
39) Aval
()
40) StLc
()
41) CODN
(CODEN)
[tb" $a"]
42) ISSN
()
[tb" $a"]
43) ISBN
()
[tb" $a"]
44) Note
(Notes)
[tb" $a"]
45) Abst
(Abstract)
[tb" $a"]
46) Call
(Call Numbers)
[tb" $a"]
47) Indx
(Index)
[s"/"5" tb" 0$a"]
OUTPUT FILE
Output
Output
Global
SPECIFICATIONS
File Name: PROCITE.MRC
File Type: MARC Communications File
processing codes: []
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) STATUS
()
["n" ! *** Create fixed Leader codes.
conditional Processing Codes. ***]
2) RECTYPE
()
["a"]
3) BIBLEVEL
()
["m"]
4) ENCODE
()
[" "]
5) DCF
()
[" "]
6) 001
()
[F"RECNO"]
7) 020
(ISBN)
These codes can be made more refined with
197
The Data Magician, version 1.5
[F"ISBN"]
8) 022
(ISSN)
[F"ISSN"]
9) 090
(Local Call Number)
[F"CALL"]
10) 100
(Main Entry - Personal Name)
[S1 F"AUTH2"]
11) 245
(Title)
[f"Titl2"]
12) 250
(Edition)
[F"Edit"]
13) 260
(Imprint)
[F"PlPu" F"Publ" F"Date"]
14) 300
(Collation)
[F"Extn" F"PaMe"]
15) 440
(Series Title)
[F"SrTi"]
16) 520
(Abstract)
[F"Abst"]
17) 500
(General Note)
[F"Note"]
18) 690
(Subject - Topical)
[F"Indx"]
19) 700
(Added Entry - Personal Name)
[s2- F"Auth2" sf s1- F"Auth" xs]
20) 740
(Added Entry - Title traced diff.)
[F"Titl"]
198
Appendix C: STAFF.SET - dBase III to INMAGIC
STAFF.SET - dBase III to INMAGIC
These settings were created as a fictitious example of how to move a dBase file to a corresponding
structure in INMAGIC. Note that there was a "memo" field in the dBase file (NOTES) which is
moved to INMAGIC where it can be keyword searched. Also, note that the NAME field is being
broken into two fields - FIRST and LAST, by breaking it apart at the comma.
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Settings File Name: STAFF.SET
Description:
123456
Sample Conversion from dBase III to INMAGIC
Date: 07-18-1997
Note:
Release x.x, serial number:
Time: 21:58:32
Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: STAFF.DBF
Input File Type: dBase III
Global processing codes:
[XL XR ! *** Strip leading/trailing spaces from input data (dBase stores empty spaces
within fixed fields) ***]
INPUT FIELDS
1) EMPNO
2) NAME
3) TITLE
4) DEPT
5) EXTENSION
6) OFFICE
7) STARTDATE
8) SALARY
9) NOTES
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
()
(A free-text Memo field)
OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Output File Name: STAFF.INM
Output File Type: INMAGIC load file
Structure File name: \INMAGIC\STAFF.STR
Global processing codes: []
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) NO
(EMPNUM)
[F"EMPNO"]
2) LN
(LASTNAME)
[F"NAME" BL ',' ! *** Take everything to the left of the comma in the name field ***]
3) FN
(FIRSTNAME)
[F"NAME" BR ',' XL
! *** Now take everything to the right of the comma ***]
4) POS
(POSITION)
[F"TITLE"]
5) DEPT
(DEPARTMENT)
[F"DEPT"]
6) EXT
(EXTENSION)
[F"EXTENSION"]
7) OFF
(OFFICE)
[F"OFFICE"]
8) SD
(STARTDATE)
[F"STARTDATE" DX ! *** Take the numeric Start Date (eg: 19890522) and convert to a
text format (eg: May 22, 1989) ***]
9) SAL
(SALARY)
[F"SALARY"]
10) NTS
(NOTES)
[F"NOTES"]
199
The Data Magician, version 1.5
UTLASINM.SET - UTLAS (MARC communications format) to INMAGIC
These settings were created for a client to move their holdings on UTLAS to an INMAGIC database
using the Biblio Guide CATALOG structure. While many of the fields would make sense for most
users, there may be some changes necessary for any particular application.
These same settings could be used for almost any MARC communications file from a variety of
vendors, including: BiblioFile (when converted to "CFILE" format), Laser Quest, OCLC, RLIN, and
others. Be sure that the file you are converting is MARC Communications format. There are a wide
variety of formats for display MARC records.
These settings could also be used to convert to STAR by simply changing the Output File type from
4 to 7, as well as adjusting any field names that differ.
Some character translations may need to be added to the Global Processing Codes for the Input
File, if you have a lot of French materials.
The Data Magician, version 1.5 Release x.x, serial number:
Settings File Name: UTLASINM.SET
Description:
Conversion of UTLAS MARC records to INMAGIC format (BIBLIO's CATALOG stucture)
Date: 08-09-1997
Note:
123456
Time: 00:13:09
Square brackets ([...]) around codes are for display purposes only.
Do NOT type these in when creating settings!
INPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
Input File Name: UTLAS.MRC
Input File Type: MARC Communications file
Global processing codes:
[ce qf c~ s''e'é' s'ße'è' s'Be'ê' s'Me'ë' s''a'á' s'ßa'à' s'Ba'â' s'Ma'ä' s'/C'Ç'
s'/c'ç' s'En'ñ' ! *** Convert some of the ALA and CAN/MARC Character set to PC character codes.
See Help Screen 214 to extrapolate for other PC codes ***]
INPUT FIELDS
1) STATUS
2) RECTYPE
3) BIBLEVEL
4) ENCODE
5) DCF
6) 001
7) 004
8) 007
9) 008
10) 009
11) 010
12) 011
13) 013
14) 015
15) 016
16) 017
17) 019
18) 020
19) 021
20) 022
21) 027
22) 030
23) 035
24) 036
25) 040
200
(Record Status)
(Record Type)
(Bibliographic)
(Encoding Level)
(Descriptive Catalouging Form)
(Reserve Sequence Number)
(Amendments)
(Physical Descriptors)
(Fixed Fields)
(Phys. Desc. for Archive Mat.)
(LC Card Number)
(Alternate LCCN -Utlas convention)
(NLM Catalogue Citation Number)
(National Bibliography Number)
(Nat. Lib. Can. Record Ctrl No.)
(Copyright)
(OCLC Control Number)
(ISBN)
(Related ISBN (UTLAS convention))
(ISSN)
(Standard Tech. Rept. Number)
(CODEN)
(Local Number (Accession/Barcode))
(Local System Control Number)
(Cataloguing Source)
Appendix C: UTLASINM.SET - UTLAS (MARC communications format) to INMAGIC
26)
27)
28)
29)
30)
31)
32)
33)
34)
35)
36)
37)
38)
39)
40)
41)
42)
43)
44)
45)
46)
47)
48)
49)
50)
51)
52)
53)
54)
55)
56)
57)
58)
59)
60)
61)
62)
63)
64)
65)
66)
67)
68)
69)
70)
71)
72)
73)
74)
75)
76)
77)
78)
79)
80)
81)
82)
83)
84)
85)
86)
87)
88)
89)
90)
91)
041
042
043
045
046
050
055
060
082
086
090
092
093
100
110
111
130
210
222
240
243
245
246
250
260
263
265
300
310
350
362
400
410
440
490
500
503
504
505
510
520
525
535
546
550
570
580
600
610
611
630
650
651
655
700
710
711
730
740
780
785
800
810
811
830
840
(Language Code)
(Authentication Centre)
(Geographic Area Code)
(Chronological Code)
(Record Source)
(LC Call Number)
(NLC Call Number (Nat. Lib. Can.))
(NLM Call Number)
(Dewey Number)
(Gov. Doc. Number)
(Local Call Number)
(Card Generation Control)
()
(Main Entry - Personal Name)
(Main Entry - Corporate Name)
(Main Entry - Conference/Meeting)
(Main Entry - Uniform Title)
(Series Title (abbreviated))
(Key Title)
(Uniform Title)
(Collective Title)
(Title Statement)
(Variant Title)
(Edition)
(Imprint (Place/Publisher/Date))
(Projected Publication Date)
(Source for Acquisition/Subsript.)
(Collation)
(Frequency)
(Price)
(Dates & Volumes (Serials))
(Series - Personal Name)
(Series - Corporate Name)
(Series - Title)
(Series - Variant Title)
(General Note)
(Bibliographic History Note)
(Bibliography Note)
(Contents Note)
(Citation Note)
(Abstract/Summary)
(Supplement Note (Serials))
(Local Use Note)
(Language Note (Serials))
(Issuing Body Note (Serials))
(Editor Note (Serials))
(Linking Entry Note)
(Subject - Personal Name)
(Subject - Corporate Name)
(Subject - Conference/Meeting)
(Subject - Uniform Title)
(Subject - Topical)
(Subject - Geographic)
(Subject - Genre)
(Added Entry - Personal Name)
(Added Entry - Corporate Name)
(Added Entry - Conference/Meeting)
(Added Entry - Unform Title)
(Added Entry - Title traced diff.)
(Added Entry - Preceeding Entry)
(Added Entry - Succeeding Entry)
(Series Add. Ent. - Personal Name)
(Series Add. Ent. - Corp. Name)
(Series Add. Ent. - Conf./Meeting)
(Series Add. Ent. - Uniform Title)
(Series Add. Ent. - Title)
OUTPUT FILE SPECIFICATIONS
201
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Output File Name: UTLAS.INM
Output File Type: INMAGIC or DB/TextWorks load file
Structure File name: CATALOG.STR
Global processing codes: []
OUTPUT FIELDS
1) ID
()
[ns 1 nu ni 1]
2) CL
(CLASS)
[f"0905$a" s'/' ' ! *** Take subfield "a" of the local call number, and convert
slashes to spaces ***]
3) TI
(TITLE)
[f"2455$a" XP ! *** Take subfield "a" of the title and strip trailing punctuation ***]
4) STI
(SUBTITLE)
[f"2455$b"]
5) AU
(AUTHOR)
[f"1005$*" XE", "]
6) CORP
()
[f"1105$*"]
7) ED
(EDITION)
[f"2505$a" XE "- "]
8) PL
(PLACE)
[f"2605$a" XE ": "]
9) PUB
()
[f"2605$b" XE ", "]
10) DT
(DATE)
[f"2605$c" XE ". "]
11) PD
(PHYSICAL)
[f"3005$*" XE "- "]
12) SER
(SERIES)
[f'400' sf f'410' sf f'440' sf f'490' xs bm'$*' xp ! *** Get all the series fields
(separated by subfield marks), clear out any excess marks (xs), extract all MARC subfields, then
strip trailing punctuation ***]
13) DE
(DESC)
[f'650' sf f'610' sf f'611' sf f'630' sf f'651' sf f'655' xs sm" -- " bm'$*']
14) AB
(ABST)
[f"5205$*"]
15) NTS
(NOTES)
[f"500" sf f"503" sf f"504" sf f"505" sf f"510" sf f"525" sf f"535" sf f"546" sf f"550"
sf f"570" sf f"580" xs bm"$*"]
16) AE
(ADDED)
[f"700" sf f"710" sf f"740" sf f"780" sf f"785" sf f"711" sf f"730" sf f"800" sf f"810"
sf f"811" sf f"830" sf f"840" xs bm'$*']
17) BN
(ISBN)
[f"0205$a"]
18) SN
(ISSN)
[f"0225$a"]
19) LC
()
[f"0105$a" xl]
20) ORD
(ORDER)
21) LOCN
()
[f"0905$b"]
22) HO
(HOLDINGS)
[f"3625$*"]
23) CPS
(COPIES)
24) LBL
(LABEL)
25) PRE
(PRELIM)
[DT DX
! *** Get today's date (in numeric form), then convert to text form ***]
26) OK
()
27) SEE
()
28) SEE_ALSO
()
202
Index
INDEX
.DBF
dBase format files 21
!
Comments in Processing Codes 67
$
Changing MARC subfield character 48
***
Blank line marks end of record 26
Example 154
/?
Command Line Help 140
/0 142
/A=filename 140
/B=filename 140
/F
Automatically add fields 140
DOBISMRC.SET 161
LIF2COM.SET 180
/H
Command Line Help 140
/I=n 38, 140
/L 140
Example 190, 192
/M 10, 65, 141
/N=startnum 141
/O=n 141
/S=filename 139
/T 141
/X 142
Adding text
If field not empty 124-127
Alt-A 21, 61
Alt-B 61
Alt-C 10, 61
Alt-F1 62
Alt-F3 39, 65, 94, 96-98
Alt-I 61
Alt-L 63
Alt-M 10, 57
Alt-O 61
Alt-P 63, 151
Alt-S 55, 63
ASCII codes
Entering non-displayable codes 65
Non-displayable 37, 51, 65
ASCII delimited files 21
Field names 37
Input file 22
Output file 41, 43
Output format 17
Automatic execution mode 114, 142
Automatic number generation 107-109
Specifying starting number 141
Average seconds per record 56
Backspace 60
Batch files 139
BBS
Data Magician Web Site 15
Beep
Turning off 145
Beginning of Record Starts With &/or Contains 25
BIBLEVEL
Special MARC field 32, 48
Biblio File
Importing from 31
Biblio Guide 163, 198
BiblioFile
to INMAGIC 198
Bibliographic Level
Special MARC field 32, 48
Binary editor 35
Books In Print
Conversion to MARC 152
Break MARC subfield
specifying the delimiter 31
CAN/OLE
to Pro-Cite 154
Cancel conversion 114
Cancel processing
of current record 116
CANEBSCO
to INMAGIC 163
Capitalization
Example 156
203
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Case changes
All words 113
First word only 112
Lowercase 105
Uppercase 128
CD-ROM MARC cataloguing products
Importing from 31
CDS/ISIS 1, 22
Output format 17
CGA 141
Character separating fields 23
Character surrounding text fields 23
Character translations
Example 198
Colour
turning off (/M) 141
turning off/on (Ctrl-F9) 65
Colours
turning off 10
Command line options 139
Comments
within Processing Codes (!) 67
Completion time estimation 57
Conditional processing
And contains text 74
False (off) 91
Memory stores - set to True 94, 96-98
Or contains text 110
Or field is empty 111
Reverse 92
True (On) 90
True if field contains "text" 74, 89, 110
True if field empty 93, 111
Uppercase 95, 99
Contains 26
Continuation Line Character(s) 25
Tagged file options 45
Control characters
Entering codes as <nnn> 23
CONVBIP.BAT
Sample Batch file 139
Conversion process
Completion 57
Interrupting 57
Starting 56
Conversion Progress Screen 56
Conversion Summary screen 18, 55
accessing 10
204
Count
Number of occurrences 106
Creating Processing Codes 38
Ctrl-End 61
Ctrl-F1 62
Ctrl-F10 38, 52, 64
Ctrl-F2 63, 151
Ctrl-F3 37, 51, 64
Ctrl-F4 37, 51, 65
Ctrl-F6 62
Ctrl-F8 62
Ctrl-F9 10, 65, 141
Ctrl-Home 60
Ctrl-Left-Arrow 60
Ctrl-Num Lock 9
Ctrl-Right-Arrow 60
Cuadra Associates, Inc.
STAR text database system 33
Current time 56
Cursor moves
Character to the left 59
Character to the right 59
Conversion Summary Screen 61
End of the current prompt 60
First character of the current prompt 60
Input Fields 61
Input File Parameters 61
Next Prompt 59
Output Fields 61
Output File Parameters 61
Previous prompt 59
Prompt above current prompt 59
Prompt below current prompt 59
Screen down 61
Screen up 61
While highlighting 63
Word left 60
Word right 60
Cut highlighted text 64
Cut/paste buffer 64
Data
Display On/Off 64
Reading 38
Setting display size 64
Data conversion
general steps 17
Data Display 37
Expanding 37, 51
Index
Input Fields 37
Output fields 51
Suppressing 37, 51
Data files
location 6
Dates
Converting numeric to text 101
Generating today's date 100
DB/TextWorks 1
Conversion to MARC 177
Converting from MARC 187
Importing extended MS-DOS characters
187
importing into 41, 46
input format 17
load format 46
multi-word field tags 30
reading dump files 30
Structure file 47
Tagged format 21
DBase II 29
DBase III 17, 21
Browsing 62
field names 17
Filling in field names 37
Input file 29
Memo fields 19
Memo file 29
output fields 18
Reading first record 38
Sample file 19
Sample Input Fields 40
to INMAGIC 197
dBase IV 1
Automatic recognition 29
DBF
dBase data file 29
dBase format files 21
DBS
DB/TextWorks structure file 47
DBT
dBase Memo file 29
DCF
Special MARC field 32, 48
Default directory 7
Del 60
Delete
All multiple spaces 131
Character to left 60
Character under cursor 60
Characters left of cursor 60
Characters to right of cursor 61
Current field 61
Current prompt 61
Entire field 133
Leading blanks 135
Trailing blanks 137
Descriptive Cataloguing Form
Special MARC field 32, 48
DIALOG 26
Field names 27
to INMAGIC 156
Directory
changing 7, 63
default 7, 9
Input File 22
root 9
working 9
Directory display
Full format (Shift-F8) 62
Wide format (Ctrl-F8) 62
DISKEDIT 35
DOBIS
to INMAGIC 158, 161
to MARC Communication format 161
DOS
Temporary exit to 62
Down Arrow 59
DOWN.EXE
Conversion program for DOBIS 158, 161
Downloading new releases 6
EBSCO
to INMAGIC 163
Edibase
importing into 41
Editing keys
Summary 59
EGA 141
Email
Getting help via 15
Empty line
Marking end of record 26
ENCODE
Special MARC field 32, 48
Encoding Level
Special MARC field 32, 48
End 60, 63
End of Field character(s) 43
205
The Data Magician, version 1.5
End of Field Characters(s)
Tagged file option 46
End of Record process code(s) 43
Tagged file option 45
End of Record Starts With &/or Contains 26
End With
Tagged file option 45
Error messages
Getting Help 61
help 14
Standard 147
System 149
Errors
Anticipated 145
in command line 142
System 145
Unanticipated 145
Esc 13, 57, 61, 63
Estimated number of records 56
Estimated time of completion 56
Exit to DOS 62
Export
Pro-Cite utility 194
Extended MS-DOS characters
Converting in DB/TextWorks 187
F1 13, 14, 61, 67, 145, 147
F10 38, 52, 60
F2 18, 39, 53, 55, 64
F3 17, 38, 39, 52, 53, 65
F4 17, 39, 53, 65
F5 63, 64
F6 27
in search strings 69
F7 63, 64
F8 63, 64
F9 145
FAXON
to INMAGIC 163
Field Label 37
Input Fields 37
Output fields 51
Field Name/Description 37
Input Fields 37
Output fields 51
Field names
Must end with symbol 27
Prefixed with &/or End With 27
Prompting to add 38
206
Specific length 27
unknown 17
Unrecognized 38, 52, 57
with embedded spaces 41
Field tag width 45
Tagged file option 45
Field tags 24
Prompting to add 31, 33, 34, 37
Field tags prefixed with
Tagged file option 45
Fields
Inserting 38, 60
Number allowed - Input 38
Reading long lines 140
Setting limit number 38
Specifying number of 38
File size estimation 57
Filename 53
Fixed Length Fields
Input file 35
input format 22
Format of Repeated Fields 24
Tagged file option 44
Fox-Base
Importing from 29
Full-screen editting mode 60
Function keys
Help 14, 62
Summary 59
GEAC
to INMAGIC 166
to Pro-Cite 170
Global Output field processing 42
Global processing codes 21, 65
Global search and replace 117
Hardware Requirements 5
Help 61
accessing 13
Editing keys 62
Error messages 61, 145
General 14
Index 14
leaving 13
Main Menu 11
Screen number 14
Highlighting
Cutting text 64
Entire prompt 64
Index
On/Off 63
Paste cut text 64
Home 60, 62
IMPORT
Pro-Cite utility 192
Incremental numbers 18
INMAGIC 17
Dump files 21, 30
field names 17
Filling in field names 37
from BiblioFile 198
from dBase III 197
from DOBIS 158, 161
from EBSCO, CANEBSCO, or FAXON 163
from GEAC 166
from MedLine CD-ROM 190
from OCLC 198
from RLIN 198
importing into 41
Load files 41, 46
Multiple entries 87
output fields 18
Output file 41, 46
output format 17
Structure file 47
Structure files, reading 30, 34, 50
to MARC Communications Format 156,
158, 174, 177, 185, 187, 190, 192
Inmagic Tagged Format
DB/TextWorks import option 46
Input fields
Allowing more space for 140
definition 17, 37
Help display 62
Number of 23
Sample - dBase III 40
Setting number of 64
Input Fields Screen 37
Input File
Browsing 62
Field tags 24
format definition 17
Location 6
Names 22
Pre-Processing Codes 27
Read next record 65
Resetting 39, 65
Specifying name from command line 140
Input File Parameters
Definition 21
Getting to 21
Prompts 22
Sample - dBase III 36
Input File Type
Selecting 21
Input Line PRE-Processing Codes 27
Ins 60
Insert mode 60
Insert new field 60
Installation 5
ISO 9
Micro CDS/ISIS output format 22
Laser Quest
Importing from 31
to INMAGIC 198
Left Arrow 59
Left Pad
Tagged file option 45
Length
Input Fields 37
Library Guide
Converting to MARC 177
Library Master
Conversion to MARC 185
importing into 41
importing records 49
Input file 34, 49
input format 22
output format 42
List server
Subscribing to 15
load format 46
Loading settings 63
Long lines
Example reading 190, 192
Reading from Input File 140
Look-up table
see Substitute Table 122
Lowercase
Example 156
Maclean-Hunter
loading records from 180
Main Menu 9
help 11
returning to 10
selecting items 10
MARC Block Size 31
MARC Communication files 17, 21
207
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Block Size 21
Browsing 62
Extracting subfields 81
Field names 17, 37
Fixed fields 78, 84
Input file 31
Output file 41, 47
Output format 17
Problems viewing output 57
spanned 21
MARC field names
Special 32
MARC field tags 32
MARC Subfield character
changing for output files 48
MARC Substitution Character 31
Maximum line width
Tagged file option 46
MedLine CD-ROM
to INMAGIC 190
to Pro-Cite 192
Memo file 29
Memory
requirements 5
Memory stores
Reset 94, 96-98
Message files 5
Micro CDS/ISIS
Creating an output file 42
Format of output file 42
input format 17
Output file 49
see also CDS/ISIS 1
MicroLIF MARC format
converting to MARC Communications 180
Reading field tags 27
Monochrome mode 141
Command line switch /M 10
Multiple entries 87
National Library of Canada
DOBIS 158, 161
Non-displayable ASCII codes
Entering codes as <nnn> 26
Explaination and creating 65
in MARC records 31
Non-displayable codes
making displayable with Ctrl-F4 37, 51, 64
Norton Utilities 35
208
Number of characters to skip 35
Number of Input Fields 23
Number of occurrences
Counting 106
Number of Output Fields 43
Numbers
Generating incremental 107-109
OCLC
to INMAGIC 198
Order of processing 65
Out of string space
What to do 149
Output empty fields?
Tagged file option 46
Output fields
Adding new fields 52
Allowing more space for 141
Defining 51
Getting data into 18
Number allowed 52
Number of 43
Processing codes 53
Reading sample data 52
Sample 54
Setting number of 52, 64
Output File
Browsing 62
Defining 41
Location 6
Naming 42
Specifying name from command line 140
Type 41
Viewing during conversion 57
Output File Parameters
Sample 50
Output format
definition 17
Paste 64
PC-Vision
Transferring from a PC to STAR 48
Transferring records from STAR to PC 33
Percentage complete 56
PgDn 14, 61, 62
PgUp 14, 61, 62
Power failure 39
Pre-Processing Codes 27
Printer
requirements 5
Index
Printing settings 63
Pro-Cite
from CAN/OLE 154
from GEAC 170
from MedLine CD-ROM 192
Multiple entries 87
to MARC Communications format 194
using the Export utility 194
Problems
Recording/Reporting 146
Processing Codes
Comments in (!) 67
Creating 38
definition 17
Display On/Off 64
Errors 67
general 17
help 14, 67
Input Fields 37
Input fields screen 37
Length 37
Order of processing 65
Output fields 51, 53
Quotes 67
Search Strings 68
Spaces 67
Summary of 70
Suppressing display of 37
Test process 65
Testing 39, 53
Upper/Lower Case 67
Wildcards 67
Processing log 56
Processing start time 56
Prompting to add
Field tags 31, 33, 34
Quit processing 114
Quitting the program 57
Quotes 67
Read Next record 65
README file 5
README program 5
Record
end of 17, 24, 26
End of (Blank line) 26
read next 65
start of 17, 24, 25
Record numbers
Ending 55
Starting 55
Record Status
Special MARC field 32, 48
Record type
special field for Library Master 42
Special MARC field 32, 48
RECTYPE
Special MARC field 32, 48
Registering a Demonstration Version 6
Registration code
Updating a new release 6
Reset Input File 39, 65
RETURN end a field? 23
RETURN end a record? 23
Revelation
Multiple entries 87
Right Arrow 59
Right Pad
Tagged file option 45
RLIN
Reading field tags 27
to INMAGIC 198
Sample files 5
Saving Settings 39, 53, 63
Screen Number 13
Search and Replace 117
Search Strings 68
Settings
Comment/Description 55
Extension 39
Loading 63
Loading from command line 139
Location of files 6
Naming 39, 53
Overwriting 53, 63
Printing 63
Replacing old version 39
saving 18, 39, 53, 55, 63
Shift-F1 15, 62
Shift-F10 61
Shift-F2 64
Shift-F3 37, 51, 64
Shift-F4 37, 51, 64
Shift-F5 64
Shift-F6 62, 180
Shift-F7 60
Shift-F8 62
Shift-PrtSc 146
Shift-Tab 10, 59
209
The Data Magician, version 1.5
Show MARC subfield delimiters as
Changing for Output Files 48
Software Licence 5
Software Registration Form 5
spanned format MARC files 31
Special MARC field names
MARC Output files 48
STAFF.DBF 19
STAFF.DBT 19
STAFF.STR 19
STAR 1, 21
conversion from MARC 198
Creating an output file 42
Format of output file 42
Importing from 33
input format 17
Output file 48
Output format 17
Using *DUMP to write records out 33
Start of Record process code(s) 43
Starting number
Specifying from command line 141
Starts With 26
STATUS
Special MARC field 32, 48
Stored String
Assigning in the Command Line 142
Text Begin 124, 125
Text Recall 126
Stored strings
Text Begin 124
Text End 125
Text Recall 126
Text Store 127
STR
INMAGIC Structure file 47
subfield
misunderstood 119, 120, 138
Subfields
Adding a marker 120
Deleting excess markers 138
Limiting which to process 119
Substitute Table 122
Summary Screen
Switching from View Output 57
Updating statistics 57
Support - email address
support@folland.com 15
210
Symbol
Tagged file option 44
System Errors 145
Tab 10, 59
As a field separator 23
Tabbed output
Command line option 141
Tag 24
Tagged file
output format 43
Tagged files 21
Definition 17
Field names 37
Input file 24
Output format 41
The Data Magician
copyright screen 9
starting 9
version 9
Type
Input Fields 37
Typeover mode 60
Unrecognized field names 57
Unspanned
MARC export format 48
unspanned MARC files 31
Up Arrow 59
Upgrades 5
UTLAS
to INMAGIC 198
VGA 141
Viewing output file 57
Web site
http://www.folland.com 15
Wildcards 67
Changing 129, 130, 156
in replace text 68
Signal End of Record 26
Signal Start of Record 26
Symbols allowed 129, 130
Windows
Icon file (DM.ICO) 6
Usage notes 6
Windows 3.x
Using The Data Magician with 6
Windows 95
Using The Data Magician with 6
Download PDF
Similar pages
MAGICIANTM BURS - Athena Champion
Smeg F610AB
Henry Vargas 754-223-3825 754-223-3825
Smeg SI933D hob
Smeg FP610AN
Smeg SI644D hob