Handheld Ultrasonic Flow meter
User Manual
Type:FUF-2000H
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
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Contents
1. Introduction...................................................................................................................................1
§1.1 Preface...............................................................................................................................1
§1.2 Main Features ....................................................................................................................1
§1.3 Principle of Measurement ..................................................................................................2
§1.4 Packing List (Standard Configuration) ..............................................................................2
§1.5 Front view .........................................................................................................................3
§1.6 Typical Applications ..........................................................................................................4
§1.7 Data Integrity and Built-in Time-Keeper ...........................................................................4
§1.8 Product Identification ........................................................................................................4
§1.9 Basic Technical Data .........................................................................................................4
2. Starting Measurement ...................................................................................................................6
§2.1 Built-in Battery..................................................................................................................6
§2.2 Power On ..........................................................................................................................6
§2.3 Keypad ..............................................................................................................................7
§2.4 Menu Windows .................................................................................................................7
§2.5 Steps to Configure the Parameters .....................................................................................8
§2.6 Transducers Mounting Allocation ....................................................................................10
§2.7 Transducers Installation ................................................................................................... 11
§2.7.1 Transducers Spacing ........................................................................................ 11
§2.7.2 V-method Installation ........................................................................................ 11
§2.7.3 Z-method Installation ........................................................................................13
§2.7.4 W-method Installation.......................................................................................13
§2.7.5 N-method Installation .......................................................................................13
§2.8 Installation Checkup ........................................................................................................14
§2.8.1 Signal Strength ..................................................................................................14
§2.8.2 Signal Quality ....................................................................................................14
§2.8.3 Total Transit Time and Delta Time ..................................................................14
§2.8.4 Time Ratio between the Measured Total Transit Time and the Calculated
Time................................................................................................................................15
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3. Menu Window Details.................................................................................................................16
§3.1 Menu Windows Arrangement ..........................................................................................16
§3.2 Menu Window Details .....................................................................................................16
4. How To .......................................................................................................................................22
4.1 How to judge if the instrument works properly .................................................................22
4.2 How to judge the liquid flowing direction .........................................................................23
4.3 How to change between units systems ...............................................................................23
4.4 How to select a required flow rate unit ..............................................................................23
4.5 How to use the totalizer multiplier ....................................................................................23
4.6 How to open or shut the totalizers .....................................................................................24
4.7 How to reset the totalizers .................................................................................................24
4.8 How to restore the flow meter with default setups .............................................................24
4.9 How to use the damper ......................................................................................................24
4.10 How to use the zero-cutoff function ................................................................................25
4.11 How to setup a zero point ................................................................................................25
4.12 How to get a scale factor for calibration ..........................................................................25
4.13 How to use the system locker ..........................................................................................26
4.14 How to use 4-20mA current loop output ..........................................................................26
4.15 How to use the Frequency Output ...................................................................................27
4.16 How to use the Totalizer Pulse Output .............................................................................28
4.18 How to use the built-in Buzzer ........................................................................................30
4.19 How to use the OCT output .............................................................................................30
4.20 How to modify the built-in calendar ................................................................................30
4.21 How to view the Date Totalizers ......................................................................................31
4.22 How to use the Working Timer ........................................................................................31
4.23 How to use the manual totalizer ......................................................................................31
4.24 How to know how long the battery will last ....................................................................31
4.25 How to check the ESN and other minor detail .................................................................31
4.26 How to use the data logger for scheduled output .............................................................32
4.27 How to output analogue voltage signal ............................................................................32
4.28 How to adjust the LCD display .......................................................................................32
4.29 How to use RS232/RS485? .............................................................................................33
4.30 How to use automatic amending function for offline compensation ................................33
4.31 How to use batch controller .............................................................................................33
4.32 How to adjust the analogue output...................................................................................33
4.33 How to solidify the parameters ........................................................................................34
4.34 How to enter the parameters of user-type-transducer .......................................................34
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4.35 How to use the circular display function..........................................................................34
4.36 How to enter into the linearity correcting? How to enter into the data? ...........................35
4.37 How to save / restore frequently-used pipe parameters ....................................................37
5.Troubleshooting ...........................................................................................................................38
§5.1 Power-on Error Displays and Counter-Measures .............................................................38
§5.2 Error Code and Counter-Measures ..................................................................................38
§5.3 Other Problems and Solutions .........................................................................................39
6. Communication Protocol.............................................................................................................42
§6. 1 General ...........................................................................................................................42
§6.2 Interface Pin-out Definition .............................................................................................42
§6.3 the Protocol .....................................................................................................................42
§6.4 Protocol Prefix Usage ......................................................................................................43
§6.5 Codes for the Keypad ......................................................................................................44
7. Service ........................................................................................................................................45
§7.1 Service.............................................................................................................................45
§7.2 Software Upgrade Service ...............................................................................................45
Appendix ........................................................................................................................................46
1. Sound speed data of liquid (unit: m/s) .................................................................................46
2. Sound speed data of solid (unit: m/s)...................................................................................46
3. Sound speed in water at atmosphere pressure ......................................................................47
1. Introduction
§1.1 Preface
Welcome to the FUF-2000H ultrasonic flow meter that has been manufactured with patent
technologies and is equipped with more functions and advanced performance than our
previous versions.
The ultrasonic flow meter has been upgraded based on the previous ultrasonic flow meter
which is still the main product line of the company. The new Version retains most of the
excellent features and functions of the previous versions: the pulse measurement
technology, the ultrasonic igniting and the small signal receiving circuits etc. The main
improvements are made on the battery supply circuit and on the transmitting circuits. All
other circuits are simply integrated into this new version without major modifications, due to
the fact that we have already applied the most advanced measurement technologies and
attained a more reliable model of ultrasonic flow meter.
FUF-2000H flow meter incorporates the latest ICs manufactured from the famous
semiconductor manufacturers like Philips, Maxim, TI, Win bond, and Xilinx. The hardware
features the ease of operation, high accuracy and outstanding reliability, while the software
provides a very friendly user interface and much more functions. It employs a patent
balanced lower voltage multi-pulse igniting circuit which increases the anti-interference
ability magnificently so that the flow meter will work properly even in demanding industrial
environments such as those with power frequency transverter working nearby.
Other outstanding features:
----the signal receiving circuits feature self-adapting performance so as to ensure that the
user can easily operate the instrument without any adjustment.
----the built-in rechargeable Ni-MH battery can work continuously for more than 12 hours
without recharging.
The advanced circuit design, the integration of the latest semiconductors, the user-friendly
software interface both in English and Chinese languages and small-sized PCB board, all
these features combine to make the FUF-2000H ultrasonic flow meter the best and the
biggest seller on the Chinese market. Moreover, it is gaining more and more recognition on
the international flow meter market
§1.2 Main Features
* Large-screen LCD
* Built-in data-logger
* High accuracy measuring
* Non-contacting measuring
* Built-in rechargeable battery
* Wide measuring range
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
* Small and light
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* RS-232 serial interface
§1.3 Principle of Measurement
The FUF-2000H ultrasonic flow meter is designed to measure the fluid velocity of liquid
within a closed conduit. The transducers are a non-contacting, clamp-on type, which will
provide benefits of non-fouling operation and easy installation.
The FUF-2000H transit time flow meter utilizes two transducers that function as both
ultrasonic transmitters and receivers. The transducers are clamped on the outside of a
closed pipe at a specific distance from each other. The transducers can be mounted in
V-method where the sound transverses the pipe twice, or W-method where the sound
transverses the pipe four times, or in Z-method where the transducers are mounted on
opposite sides of the pipe and the sound crosses the pipe once. This selection of the
mounting method depends on pipe and liquid characteristics. The flow meter operates by
alternately transmitting and receiving a frequency modulated burst of sound energy
between the two transducers and measuring the transit time that it takes for sound to travel
between the two transducers. The difference in the transit time measured is directly and
exactly related to the velocity of the liquid in the pipe, show as follows:
Downstream transducer
MD
T
V

sin 2 Tup  Tdown
flow
Tdown
Tup
θ
spacing
Upstream transducer
Where
θ is the include angle to the flow direction
M is the travel times of the ultrasonic beam
D is the pipe diameter
Tup is the time for the beam from upstream transducer to the downstream one
Tdown is the time for the beam from downstream transducer to the upstream one
ΔT=Tup –Tdown
§1.4 Packing List (Standard Configuration)
Check up the packing list carefully before installing
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
§1.5 Front view
Name
QTY (pcs)
Main Unit
1
Medium transducer
2
Ultrasonic signal cable
2
Data line
1
AC adapter
1
Coupling agent
1
Belt stretcher
2
Tape
1
User manual
1
Carrying case
1
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§1.6 Typical Applications
The FUF-2000H flow meter can be virtually applied to a wide range of measurements. A
variety of liquid applications can be accommodated: ultra-pure liquids, potable water,
chemicals, raw sewage, reclaimed water, cooling water, river water, plant effluent, etc.
Because the instrument and transducers are non-contacting and have no moving parts, the
flow meter can not be affected by system pressure, fouling or wear. Standard transducers
are rated to 110 ºC. Higher temperatures can be accommodated. For further information,
please consult the manufacturer for assistance.
§1.7 Data Integrity and Built-in Time-Keeper
All user-inputted configuration values are retained in the built-in non-volatile flash memory
that can store them for over 100 years, even if power is lost or turned off. Password
protection is provided to avoid inadvertent configuration changes or totalizer resets.
A time-keeper is integrated in the flow meter for the index of date totalizing and works as
the time base of flow accumulation. It keeps operating as long as the battery’s terminal
voltage is over 1.5V. In case of battery failure, the time-keeper will not keep running and it
will lose proper time values. The user must re-enter proper time values in case the battery
becomes totally exhausted. An improper time value affects no other functions but the date
totalizer.
§1.8 Product Identification
Each set of the FUF-2000H has a unique product identification or ESN written into the
software that can only be modified with a special tool by the manufacturer. In case of any
hardware failure, please provide this number which is located on menu window number
M61 when contacting the manufacture.
§1.9 Basic Technical Data
Linearity
Repeatability
Accuracy
Response Time
Velocity
Pipe Size
Totalizer
Liquid Types
Security
0.5%
0.2%
±1% of reading at rates>0.2 mps
0-999 seconds, user-configurable
±32 m/s
15mm-6000mm
7-digit totals for net, positive and negative flow
respectively
Virtually all liquids
Setup values Modification Lockout. Access code needs
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
Display
Communication
Interface
Transducer Cord
Length
Power Supply
Data Logger
Manual Totalizer
Housing Material
Case Size
Main unit Weight
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unlocking
4x8 Chinese characters or 4x16 English letters
RS-232, baud-rate: from 75 to 57600. Protocol made by
the manufacturer and compatible with that of the FUJI
ultrasonic flow meter. User protocols can be made by
user requirements
Standard 5m x 2, optional 10m x 2
3 AAA built-in Ni-H batteries. When fully recharged it will
last over 12 hours of operation.
100V-240VAC for the charger
Built-in data logger can store over 2000 lines of data
7-digit press-key-to-go totalizer for calibration
ABS
210x90x30mm
500g with batteries
2. Starting Measurement
§2.1 Built-in Battery
The instrument can operate either from the built-in Ni-H rechargeable battery, which will
last over 12 hours of continuous operation when fully recharged, or from an external
AC/power supply from the battery charger.
The battery charging circuits employ a scheme of constant-current and constant-voltage. It
has a characteristic of fast charging at the beginning and very slow charging when the
battery approaches to full recharge. Generally, when the green LED starts coming on, the
battery would be nearly 95% recharged and when the red LED is off, the battery would be
98% recharged.
Since the charging current becomes tapered when the battery recharge is nearly
completed, i.e. the charging current becomes smaller and smaller, therefore, there should
be no over-recharging problem. That means the charging progress can last very long. The
charger can be connected to the handset all the time when an around-the-clock
measurement is required.
When fully recharged, the terminal voltage reaches around 4.25V. The terminal voltage is
displayed on window M07. When the battery is nearly consumed, the battery voltage drops
to below 3V. The user can obtain an approximate battery working time from the battery
voltage.
A software battery working time estimator is integrated in this instrument based on the
terminal voltage. Please note that the estimator may have relatively bigger errors in the
estimated working time, especially when the voltage is in the range of around 3.70 to -3.90
volt.
§2.2 Power On
Press the
power.
ON
key to switch on the instrument and press the
OFF
to turn off the
Once the flow meter is switched on, it will run a self diagnostic program, checking first the
hardware and then the software integrity. If there is any abnormality, corresponding error
messages will display.
Generally, there should be no display of error messages, and the flow meter will go to the
most commonly used Menu Window Number 01 (short for M01) to display the Velocity,
Flow Rate, Positive Totalizer, Signal Strength and Signal Quality, based on the pipe
parameters configured last time by the user or by the initial program.
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The flow measurement program always operates in the background of the user interface.
This means the flow measurement will keep on running regardless of any user menu
window browsing or viewing. Only when the user enters new pipe parameters will the flow
meter change measurement to the new parameter changes.
When new pipe parameters have been entered or when the power has been just switched
on, the flow meter will enter an adjusting mode to make the signals magnified with proper
amplification. By this step, the flow meter is going to find the best threshold of receiving
signal. The user will see the progress by the number 1, 2, or 3, which are indicated on the
right lower corner of the LCD display.
When the transducers have been adjusted on the pipe by the user, the flow meter will
re-adjust the signal automatically.
Any user-entered configuration value will be retained into the NVRAM of the flow meter,
until it is modified by the user.
§2.3 Keypad
The keypad for the operation of the flow meter has 16+2 keys, as shown by the right
picture.
Keys 0 ~ 9 and . are keys to enter numbers
Key ▲/+ is the going UP key, when the user wants to go
to the upper menu window. It also works as the “+” key
when entering numbers
Key ▼/- is the going DOWN key, when the user wants to
go down-sided menu window. It also works as the “–” key
when entering numbers.
Key ◄ is backspace key, when the user wants go left or
wants backspace the left character that is located to the left
of the cursor.
Key ENT is the ENTER key for any inputting or selections.
Key MENU is the key for the direct menu window jump
over. Whenever the user wants to proceed to a certain
menu window, the user can press this key followed by 2-digit numbers.
The MENU key is shortened as the ‘M’ key afterward when referring to the menu windows.
The ON key is for the power on.
The OFF key is for the power off.
§2.4 Menu Windows
The user interface of this flow meter comprises about 100 different menu windows that are
numbered by M00, M01, M02 … M99.
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There are 2 methods to enter certain menu window:
(1) Direct going/entering. The user can press the MENU key followed by two-digit number
keys. For example, the menu window M11 is for the entering of pipe outer diameter. The
display will go to the M11 menu window after the user presses MENU 1
1 .
(2) Pressing ▲/+ and ▼/- keys. Each time of the ▲/+ key pressing will proceed to the
Lower - numbered menu window. For example, if the current window is on M12, the display
will go to the number M11 window after pressing the ▲/+ key.
There are three different types of menu windows:
(1) Menu windows for number entering, like M11 for the entering of pipe outer diameter.
(2) Menu windows for option selection/selecting options, like M14 for the selection of pipe
materials.
(3) Displaying windows only, like M00 to display Velocity, Flow Rate etc.
For number entering windows, the user can directly press the starting digit key when the
user is going to modify the value. For example, when the current window is on M11, and
the user is going to enter 219.2345 as the pipe outer diameter, the user can get the
numbers entered by pressing the following serial keys: 2
1
9
.
2
3
4
5 ENT.
For the option selection windows, the user should first press the ENT key to a selection
modification mode and then select the relevant options by pressing the ▲/+ and ▼/- keys
or the digit keys to select the option with a number antecedent to the option. In the end, the
ENT key must be pressed to make the selection. For example, with menu window M14 for
the selection of pipe material selection, (the MENU 1
4 should be pressed first to
enter this menu window if the current menu window is on a different window. The pipe
material is stainless steel which has a number “1” antecedent to “stainless steel” on the
display, the user should first press the ENT key to enter into a selection modification mode,
then either make the selection by pressing the ▲/+ and ▼/- keys to make the cursor on
the line that displays “1. Stainless Steel”, or make the selection by pressing the 1 key
directly.
Generally, the ENT key must be pressed to enter a modification mode. If the “Locked M47
Open’
message is indicated on the lowest line of the LCD display, it means the
modification operations is locked out. In such cases, the user should go to M47 to have the
instrument unlocked first before any further modification can be made.
§2.5 Steps to Configure the Parameters
The following parameters need to be configured for a proper measurement:
(1) Pipe outer diameter
(2) Pipe wall thickness
(3) Pipe materials (for non-standard pipe materials*, the sound speed for the material
must be configured too)
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
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*Standard pipe materials and standard liquids refer to those with the sound
parameters that have already been programmed into software of the flow meter,
therefore there is no need to configure them
Liner material and its sound speed and thickness, if there is any liner.
Liquid type (for non-standard liquids, the sound speed of the liquid is also needed)
Transducer type adapted to the flow meter. Generally the Standard M1 clamp-on
transducers will be the selected option.
Transducer mounting methods (the V-method or Z-method is the common option)
Check up the Space displayed on M25 and install the transducers accordingly.
For standard pipe materials and standard liquids, the following detailed step-by-step setup
is recommended.
(1) Press keys MENU
1
1 to enter M11 window to input the digits for the pipe outer
diameter, and then press ENT key.
(2) Press key ▼/- to enter M12 window to input the digits for the pipe outer diameter and
then press ENT key.
(3) Press key ▼/- to enter M14 window, and press ENT key to enter the option
selection mode. Use keys ▲/+ and ▼/- to scroll up and down to the intended pipe
material, and then press ENT key.
(4) Press key ▼/- to enter M16 window, press ENT key to enter the option selection
mode, use keys ▲/+ and ▼/- to scroll up and down to the liner material, and then
press ENT key. Select “No Liner”, if there is no liner.
(5) Press key ▼/- to enter M20 window, press ENT key to enter the option selection
mode, use keys ▲/+ and ▼/- to scroll up and down to the proper liquid, and then
press ENT key.
(6) Press key ▼/- to enter M23 window, press ENT key to enter the option selection
mode, use keys ▲/+ and ▼/- to scroll up and down to the proper transducer type,
and then press ENT key.
(7) Press key ▼/- to enter M24 window, press ENT key to enter the option selection
mode, use keys ▲/+ and ▼/- to scroll up and down to the proper transducer
mounting method, and then press ENT key.
(8) Press key ▼/- to enter M24 window to install the transducers on the pipe, and then
press ENT key to go to M01 for the results.
The first-time users may need some time to get familiar with the operation. However, the
user friendly interface of the instrument makes the operation quite easy and simple. Before
long, the user will configure the instrument with very little key pressing, since the interface
allows the user to go to the desired operation directly without any extra steps.
The following tips will facilitate the operation of this instrument.
(1) When the window display is between M00 to M09, press a number key x , the user
will go directly to the M0x window. For example, if the current window displays M01,
press 7 and the user will go to M07.
(2) When the window display is under M00 to M09, press the ENT key and the user will go
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to M90; press ENT key to return. Press the dot key to go to M11
(3) When the window display is under M25, press ENT key to go to M01.
§2.6 Transducers Mounting Allocation
The first step in the installation process is the selection of an optimum location in order to
obtain a more accurate measurement. For this to be completed effectively, a basic
knowledge about the piping and its plumbing system would be advisable.
An optimum location would be defined as a straight pipe length full of liquid that is to be
measured. The piping can be in vertical or horizontal position. The following table shows
Piping Configuration
and
Transducer Position
L up
L up
L up
Upstream
Dimension
Downstream
Dimension
L up
x Diameters
L dn
x Diameters
L dn
10D
5D
10D
5D
10D
5D
12D
5D
20D
5D
20D
5D
30D
5D
L dn
L dn
L up
L up
L up
L up
L dn
L dn
L dn
L dn
Examples of optimum locations.
Principles to selection of an optimum location
(1) Install the transducers on a longer length of the straight pipe. The longer the better,
and make sure that the pipe is completely full of liquid.
(2) Make sure that the temperature on the location does not exceed the range for the
transducers. Generally speaking, the closer to the room temperature, the better.
(3) Take the pipe fouling into consideration. Select a straight length of a relatively newer
pipe. If the condition is not satisfying, consider the fouling thickness as part of the liner
for a better result.
(4) Some pipes have a kind of plastic liner, and between the outer pipe and the liner there
may be a certain thickness difference that will prevent the ultrasonic waves from direct
traveling. Such conditions will make the measurement very difficult. Whenever
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possible, try to avoid this kind of pipes. If impossible, try our plug-in transducers that
are installed permanently on the pipe by drilling holes on the pipe while liquid is running
inside.
§2.7 Transducers Installation
The transducers used by the FUF-2000 series ultrasonic flow meter are made of
piezoelectric crystals ceramic plate; both for transmitting and receiving ultrasonic signals
through the wall of liquid piping system. The measurement is realized by measuring the
traveling time difference of the ultrasonic signals. Since the difference is very small, the
spacing and the alignment of the transducers are critical factors to the accuracy of the
measurement and the performance of the system. Meticulous care should be taken for the
installation of the transducers.
Steps to the installation of the transducers
(1) Locate an optimum position where the straight pipe length is sufficient, and where
pipes are in a favorable condition, e.g., newer pipes with no rust and ease of
operation.
(2) Clean any dust and rust. For a better result, polishing the pipe with a sander is
strongly recommended.
(3) Apply adequate coupler to the spot where the transducers are to be installed and
leave no gap between the pipe surface and the transducers.
Extra care should be taken to avoid any sand or dust particles left between the pipe outer
surface and the transducers.
To avoid gas bubbles inside the upper part of the pipe, the transducers should be installed
horizontally by the side of the pipe.
§2.7.1 Transducers Spacing
The spacing value shown on menu window M25 refers to the distance of inner spacing
between the two transducers. The actual transducers spacing should be as close as
possible to the spacing value.
§2.7.2 V-method Installation
V-method installation is the most widely mode for daily measurement with pipe inner
diameters ranging from 15 mm to 400 mm. It is also called reflective mode.
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FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
§2.7.3 Z-method Installation
Z-method is commonly used when the pipe diameter is above 200mm.
§2.7.4 W-method Installation
W-method is usually used on plastic pipes with a diameter from 15mm to 50mm.
§2.7.5 N-method Installation
Rarely used method.
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FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
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§2.8 Installation Checkup
Through the checkup of the installation, one can: check the receiving signal strength, the
signal quality Q value, the traveling time difference of the signals, the estimated liquid
speed, the measured traveling time of the signals and the calculated traveling time ratio.
Therefore, optimum measurement result and longer running time of the instrument can be
achieved.
§2.8.1 Signal Strength
Signal strength indicates the amplitude of receiving ultrasonic signals by a 3-digit number.
[000] means there is no signal detected and [999] refers to the maximum signal strength
that can be received.
Although the instrument works well if the signal strength ranges from 500 to 999, stronger
signal strength should be pursued, because a stronger signal means a better result. The
following methods are recommended to obtain stronger signals:
(1) Relocate a more favorable location, if the current location is not good enough for a
stable and reliable flow reading, or if the signal strength is lower than 700.
(2) Try to polish the outer surface of the pipe, and apply more coupler to increase the signal
strength.
(3) Adjust the transducers both vertically and horizontally while checking the varying signal
strength, stop at the highest position, and then check the transducers spacing to make
sure the transducers spacing is the same as what the M25 shows.
§2.8.2 Signal Quality
Signal quality is indicated as the Q value in the instrument. A higher Q value would mean a
higher Signal and Noise Ratio (short for SNR), and accordingly a higher degree of
accuracy would be achieved. Under normal pipe condition, the Q value is in the range
600-900, the higher the better.
Causes for a lower Q value could be:
(1) Interference of other instruments and devices such as a powerful transverter working
nearby. Try to relocate the flow meter to a new place where the interference can be
reduced.
(2) Bad sonic coupling for the transducers with the pipe. Try to apply more coupler or
clean the surface, etc.
(3) Pipes are difficult to be measured. Relocation is recommended.
§2.8.3 Total Transit Time and Delta Time
The numbers displayed on menu window M93 are called total transit time and delta time
respectively. They are the primitive data for the instrument to calculate the flow rate inside
the pipe. So the flow rate indication will vary accordingly with the total time and delta time.
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
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The total transit time should remain stable or vary little.
If the delta time fluctuates higher than 20%, it means there are certain kinds of problems
with the transducer installation.
§2.8.4 Time Ratio between the Measured Total Transit Time and the Calculated Time
This ratio would be used to check the transducer installation. If the pipe parameters are
entered correctly and the transducers are installed properly, the value for this ratio should
be in the range of 100±3. If this range is exceeded, the user should check:
(1) If the pipe parameters are correctly entered.
(2) If the actual spacing of the transducers is right and the same as what the window M25
shows.
(3) If the transducers are installed properly in the right directions.
(4) If the mounting location is good and if the pipe has changed shape or if there is too
much fouling inside the pipes
(5) Other poor conditions.
3. Menu Window Details
§3.1 Menu Windows Arrangement
M00~M09 windows for the display of the flow rate, velocity, date time, totalizers, battery
voltage and estimated working hours for the battery.
M10~M29 windows for entering the pipe parameter.
M30~M38 windows for flow rate unit selections and totalizer unit selections.
M40~M49 windows for response time, zeroing, calibration and modification password
setup.
M50~M53 windows for the built-in logger
M60-M78 windows for time-keeper initialization, version and ESN information viewing and
alarms.
M82
window for viewing date totalizer.
M90~M94 are diagnostic windows for a more accurate measurement.
M97~M99 are not windows but commands for the outputting of display copying and pipe
parameter setups.
M+0~M+8 are windows for some additional functions, including a scientific calculator,
viewer on records such as total working hours, turn-on and turn-off times, dates
and times when the flow meter has been turned on or turned off.
Other menu windows such as M88 have no functions, or functions were cancelled because
they are not applied to this version of the software.
The major reason why the menu windows are arranged in this way is that the software
programmer hopes that the menu window arrangement for this version can be compatibility
with the previous versions of the flow meter software. This will make it easier for the former
version users with this flow meter series.
§3.2 Menu Window Details
Menu
window
No.
M00
M01
M02
M03
M04
Function
Display three positive negative net totalizers, signal strength, signal
quality and working status
Display POS totalizer, flow rate, velocity, signal strength, signal quality
and working status
Display NEG totalizer, flow rate, velocity, signal strength, signal quality
and working status
Display NET totalizer, flow rate, velocity, signal strength, signal quality
and working status
Display date and time, flow rate, signal strength, signal quality and
working status
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
M05
M06
M07
M08
M09
M10
M11
M12
M13
M14
M15
M16
M17
M18
M19
M20
M21
- 17 -
Display date and time, velocity, signal strength, signal quality and
working status
Display the wave shape of the receiving signal
Dispay the battery terminal voltage and its estimated lasting time
Display the all the detailed working status, signal strength, signal
quality
Display today’s total flow, velocity, signal strength, signal quality and
working status
Window for entering the outer perimeter of the pipe
Window for entering the outer diameter of the pipe
0 to 6000mm is the allowed range of the value.
Window for entering pipe wall thickness
Window for entering the inner diameter of the pipe
Window for selecting pipe material
Standard pipe materials (that the user need not know the speed )
include:
(0) carbon steel
(1) stainless steel (2) cast iron
(3) ductile
iron
(4) copper
(5) PVC
(6) aluminum
(7) asbestos
(8) fiberglass
Window for entering the pipe material speed only for non-standard
pipe materials
Window for selecting the liner material, select none for pipes without
any liner
Standard liner materials that the user need not know the speed
include:
(1) Tar Epoxy
(2) Rubber
(3) Mortar
(4) Polypropylene
(5) Polystryol
(6)Polystyrene
(7) Polyester (8) Polyethylene
(9) Ebonite
(10) Teflon
Window for entering the liner material speed only for non-standard
liner materials
Window for entering the liner thickness, if there is a liner
Window for entering the ABS thickness of the inside wall of the pipe
Window for selecting fluid type
For standard liquids that the user need not know the liquid speed
include:
(0) Water
(1) Sea Water
(2) Kerosene
(3) Gasoline
(4) Fuel oil
(5) Crude Oil
(6) Propane at -45C
(7) Butane at 0C (8)Other liquids
(9) Diesel Oil (10)Caster Oil
(11)Peanut Oil
(12) #90 Gasoline (13) #93 Gasoline (14) Alcohol
(15) Hot water at 125C
Window for entering the fluid sonic velocity only for non-standard
liquids
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
M22
M23
M24
M25
M26
M27
M28
M29
M30
M31
M32
M33
M34
M35
M36
M37
- 18 -
Window for entering the viscosity of the non-standard liquids
Window for selecting the proper transducers
There are 14 different types of transducers for selection.
If the user-type-transducers are used, 4 user type wedge parameters,
which will be prompted by the software, should be entered following.
If the π type transducers are used, 3π type transducers and pipe
parameters should be entered following.
Window for selecting the transducer mounting methods
Four methods can be selected:
(0) V-method (1) Z-method (2) N-method (3) W-method
Display the transducer mounting spacing
Entry to store the parameter configuration into the internal NVRAM
Entry to load one set of saved parameters
Select YES or NO for the instrument to determine whether or not to
hold (or to keep) the last correct value when poor signal condition
occurs. YES is the default setup
Enter a value ranging from 000 to 999. 0 is the default value
Window for selecting unit system. Default value is ‘Metric’. The
change from English to Metric or vice versa will not affect the unit for
totalizers.
Window for selecting flow rate that will be used by the instrument
afterward.
Flow rate can be in
0. Cubic meter
short for (m3)
1. Liter
(l)
2. USA gallon
(gal)
3. Imperial Gallon
(igl)
4. Million USA gallon
(mgl)
5. Cubic feet
(cf)
6. USA liquid barrel
(bal)
7. Imperial liquid barrel
(ib)
8. Oil barrel
(ob)
The flow unit in terms of time can be per day, per hour, per minute or
per second. So there are 36 different flow rate units in total for
selection.
Window for selecting the totaliziers’ working unit
Select totalizer multiplier
The multiplier ranges from 0.001 to 10000
Turn on or turn off the NET totalizer
Turn on or turn off the POS totalizer
Turn on or turn off the NEG totalizer
(1) Totalizer reset
(2) Restore the instrument to the default parameters as the
manufacturer did by pressing the dot key followed by the backspace
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
M38
M39
M40
M41
M42
M43
M44
M45
M46
M47
M48
M49
M50
M51
M52
M53
M54
M55
M56
M57
- 19 -
key. Take care or make note on the parameters before doing the
restoration
Press-a-key-to-run or to stop totalizer for easier calibration
Operational interface language selection in Chinese and English. This
selection makes it possible that more than 2 billions of people on the
world can read the menu.
Flow rate damper for a stable value. The input range is 0 to 999
seconds.
0 means there is no damping. Default value is 10 seconds
Lower flow rate cut-off to avoid invalid accumulation.
Zero point setup under the condition when there is no liquid running
inside the pipe.
Clear the zero point set by the user, and restore the zero point set by
the factory
Set up a manual flow bias. Generally this value should be 0.
Scale factor for the instrument. The default value is ‘1’.
Keep this value as ‘1’, when no user calibration has been made.
Network environment Identification Number. Any integer can be
entered except 13(0DH, carriage return), 10 (0AH, line feeding), 42
(2AH), 38, 65535.
Every set of the instrument in a network environment should have a
unique IDN. Please refer to the chapter for communication.
System locker to avoid modification of the parameters
Not used
Communication tester
“Option” selection for the built-in logger. It also functions as the
switch of logger
Time setup for the data logger
(1) Data logging direction control. If ‘To RS-232’ is selected, all the
data produced by the data logger will be transmitted out through
the RS-232 interface
(2) If ‘To buffer ‘ is selected, the data will be stored into the built-in
logger memory
(3) Buffer transferring and buffer clearing
Logger buffer viewer. It functions as a file editor. Use Dot, backspace
UP and DN keys to browse the buffer.
If the logger is ON, the viewer will automatically refresh once new data
are stored
Not used
Nod used
Not used
Not used
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
M58
M59
M60
M61
M62
M63
M64
M65
M66
M67
M68
M69
M70
M71
M72
M73
M74
M75
M76
M77
M78
M79
M80
M81
M82
M83
- 20 -
Not used
Not used
99-year calendar. Press ENT for modification. Use the dot key to skip
the digits that need no adjusting.
Display Version information and Electronic Serial Number (ESN) that
are unique for each FUF-2000 series flow meter.
The users can employ the ESN for instrumentation management
RS-232 setup. Baud rate can be 75 to 115200 bps
Not used
Not used
Not used
Not used
Input the frequency range for the frequency output. The biggest range
is 0Hz-9999Hz. Default value is 1-1001 Hz
Enter a flow rate value that corresponds to lower frequency
Enter a flow Rate value that corresponds to higher frequency
LCD display backlight control. The entered value indicates how many
seconds the backlight will be on with every key pressing.
LCD contrast control. The LCD will become darker when a small value
is entered.
Working timer. It can be cleared by pressing ENT key, and then select
YES.
Enter Lower Flow Rate value that will trigger the #1 Alarm. There are
two virtual alarms in the system. By “virtual” we mean that the user
must redirect the output of the alarms by setuping the output
hardware in M78 and M77
Enter the higher flow rate value that will trigger the #1 Alarm.
Enter the lower flow rate value that will trigger the #2 Alarm.
Enter the higher flow rate value that will trigger the #2 Alarm.
Buzzer setup.
If a proper input source is selected, the buzzer will beep when the
trigger event occurs
OCT (Open Collect Transistor Output) setup
By selecting a proper input source, the OCT hardware will close when
the trigger event occurs
Not used
Work as a keypad and display for another handheld set by RS-232
connected with the handset
Not used
Date totalizer
Not used
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
M84
M85
M86
M87
M88
M89
M90
M91
M92
M93
M94
M95
M96
M97
M98
M99
M+0
M+1
M+2
M+3
M+4
M+5
M+6
M+7
M+8
M+9
M-0
- 21 -
Not used
Not used
Not used
Not used
Not used
Not used
Display signal strength, signal quality, time ratio on the upper right
corner.
Displays the Time Ratio between the Measured Total Transit Time and
the Calculated time. If the pipe parameters are entered correctly and
the transducers are properly installed, the ratio value should be in the
range of 100±3%. Otherwise the entered parameters and the
transducer installation should be checked.
Displays the estimated fluid sound velocity. If this value has an
obvious difference with the actual fluid sound speed, pipe parameters
entered and the transducer installation should be checked again.
Displays total transit time and delta time(transit time difference)
Displays the Reynolds number and the pipe factor used by the flow
rate program.
Not used
Not used
Command to record the pipe parameters entered by the user either to
the built-in data logger or to RS-232C serial interface
Command to record the diagnostic information either to the built-in
data logger or to RS-232C serial interface
Command to copy the current display either to the built-in data logger
or to RS-232C serial interface
Browse the 64 recorded instrument power-on and power-off date and
time with the flow rate at the time of power on and off
Displays the total working time of the instrument
Displays the last power-off date and time
Displays the last power-off flow rate
Displays the times of instrument powered on(the instrument has been
powered on)
A scientific calculator for the convenience of field working.
All the values are in single accuracy.
The drawback is that the user can’t operate it by direct key-pressing
Not used
Not used
Not used
Not used
Entry to hardware adjusting windows only for the manufacturer
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 22 -
4. How To
Please note that some items are only applied to certain Model.
4.1 How to judge if the instrument works properly
Enter into M08, if ‘R’ is displayed on the screen, the instrument is working properly,
If 'E' is displayed, the current loop output is over-ranged. Increasing the range setting in
M57 will make the 'E' letter disappear. If you do not use current loop output, you may ignore
this error.
If 'Q' is displayed, the frequency output is over-ranged. Increasing the range setting in M69
will make the 'Q' letter disappear. If you do not use frequency output, you may ignore this
error.
If an ‘H’ flashes on that place, there could be poor signal received. Please refer to the
chapters on diagnosis.
If 'G' is displayed, the flow meter is adjusting system gain. This is normal as far as it does
not last long time.
If an ‘I’ is displayed, it means that there is no signal detected.
If 'J' is displayed, there is hardware
problem. Turn off the power,
then,
turn on the power again. If the problem remains, refer to Chapter 5 for diagnosis
details.
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 23 -
4.2 How to judge the liquid flowing direction
Make sure that the instrument works properly
Check the flow rate for the indication. If the displayed value is POSITIVE, the direction of
the flow will be from the A transducers to the B transducers; if the displayed value is
NEGATIVE, the direction will be from the B transducers to the A transducers;
4.3 How to change between units systems
Use menu window M30 for the selection of unit system in English or Metric system.
4.4 How to select a required flow rate unit
Use menu window M31 to select the flow unit first and then the timing unit.
4.5 How to use the totalizer multiplier
Use window M33 to select a proper totalizer. Make sure that the totalizer pulse is
appropriately speeded. It should not be too fast and neither too slow. A speed of producing
a pulse in several seconds or minutes is preferable.
If the totalizer multiplier is too small, there can be a loss of accumulation pulse because the
output device can output only one pulse in a measurement period (500milliseconds)
If the totalizer multiplier is too large, the output pulse will be too fewer for the devices that
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 24 -
are connected with the instrument for a quicker response.
4.6 How to open or shut the totalizers
Use M34, M35 and M36 to turn on or turn off the POS, NEG, or NET totalizer respectively.
4.7 How to reset the totalizers
Use M37 to reset the proper totalizer.
4.8 How to restore the flow meter with default setups
Use M37, when the ‘selection’ message is displayed. Press the dot key first and the
message ‘Master Erase’ will display, then press the backspace key
◄
The master erase step will erase all the parameters entered by the user and setup the
instrument with default values except “instrument factor” and “network identification
number” parameter
4.9 How to use the damper
The damper acts as a filter for a stable reading. If ‘0’ is entered in window M40, that means
there is no damping. A bigger number brings a more stable effect. But bigger damper
numbers will prevent the instrument from acting quickly.
Numbers 0 to 30 are commonly used for the damper value. Default value is 10 seconds.
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 25 -
4.10 How to use the zero-cutoff function
The number displayed in window M41 is called the lower flow rate cut-off value. The flow
meter will replace these flow rate values that are absolutely less than the low-cutoff value
with ‘0’. This means the flow meter will avoid any invalid accumulation when the actual flow
is below the zero-cutoff value. Generally the default value is 0.03m/s
The low-cutoff value does not affect the flow measurement when the actual flow is
absolutely greater than the low-cutoff value.
4.11 How to setup a zero point
There exists a ‘Zero Point’ with certain installation which means the flow meter will display
a non-zero value when the flow is absolutely stopped. In this case, setting a zero point with
the function in window M42 will bring a more accurate measurement result.
Make sure that there is no liquid running inside the pipe, and then run the function in
window M42 by pressing the ENT key.
4.12 How to get a scale factor for calibration
A scale factor is the ratio between the ‘actual flow rate’ and the indicated value by the flow
meter.
It can be determined by calibration with standard flow calibration equipment. You may
change the scale factor in menu window M45.
The scale factor can be determined by calibration with flow calibration equipment.
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 26 -
4.13 How to use the system locker
The system locker provides a means of preventing inadvertent configuration changes or
totalizer resets.
When the system is locked, menu window browsing can be done without affecting any
change, but any modifications are prohibited.
The system can be locked without a password or with a 1 to 4 digit password. With a
no-password locking, directly press the ENT key in M47
If the password is forgotten, please contact the factory.
4.14 How to use 4-20mA current loop output
The accuracy of the current loop output is better than 0.1%. It can be configured to different
mode, such as 4-20mA mode, 0-20mA etc. Mode selection can be made in menu M55.
Refer to the next chapter for details on M55.
In order to use the 4-20mA output function, you need not only select the mode to be
4-20mA in
M55, but also set the flow rate values which correspond to the minimum current (4mA) and
the
maximum current (20mA). Enter the two values in M56 and M57.
Example A: flow rate range is 0-500m3/h. Just enter 0 in M56 and 500 in M57.
Example B: flow rate range is -500-0-1000m3/h. If flow direction is not an issue for you, you
may select 20-4-20mA mode in M55. Then, enter 500 in M56 and 1000 in M57. If flow
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 27 -
direction is an issue, you may select 0-4-20mA mode in M55. This means that the current
loop will output 0-4mA when flow rate is negative and 4-20mA when flow rate is positive.
Enter -500 in M56 and 1000 in M57.
You may need to calibrate and test the current loop output before using it. Just go to menu
M58 and do the following:
First, connect an ammeter to the current loop output.
Press MENU
Use
▲/+
orderly,
5
and
8 , then
▼/-
ENT to enter into menu M58.
to display "0mA", "4mA",
"8mA",
"16mA",
"20mA"
record the corresponding reading on the ammeter. Calculate the differences
between the readings and the selected ones. For instance, when 4mA is selected, the
actual output current shown on the ammeter is 4.01mA. Then, the difference is 0.01mA.
If the differences are not within tolerance, calibrate the current loop
The present current loop output is displayed in Window M59. It changes along with flow
rate change.
4.15 How to use the Frequency Output
There is a Frequency Output in all FUF-2000 series flow meters. This frequency output
signal, which represents the flow rate, is intended to connect with other instruments.
The Frequency Output is totally user-configurable. Generally, four parameters should be
configured for the setups.
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 28 -
Enter the lower flow rate value in window M68 and the higher flow rate value in window
M69.
Enter the frequency range in window M67.
For example, assume that the flow rate varies in a range 0m3/h to 3000m3/h, and an output
signal is at a maximum frequency of 1000Hz, the minimum of 200Hz is going to be required
for other instrumentation. The user should enter 0 in M68 and 3000 in M69, and enter 200
and 1000 in window M67.
Please note that the user has to make the selection with OCT setups in window M78.
4.16 How to use the Totalizer Pulse Output
The totalizer output will produce a pulse output with every unit flow of the totalizer.
The totalizer pulse output can only be realized by mapping the pulse output to the OCT or
BUZZER hardware devices.
For example, assume that the POS totalizer pulse output is needed, and every pulse
should represent 0.1cubic meter of liquid flow; the pulse output will be mapped to the
internal Buzzer, so that with every 0.1 cubic meter of flow the BUZZER will beep for a while.
The following setups should be taken / performed:
Select the unit Cubic Meter under window M32.
Select the Multiplier as ‘2.
X0.1’ under window M33.
Select the output option ‘9. POS INT Pulse’ under window M77. (INT stands for totalized )
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
4.17
- 29 -
How to produce an alarm signal
There are 2 types of hardware alarm signals that are available with this instrument. One is
the Buzzer, and the other is the OCT output.
Both for the Buzzer and OCT output the triggering sources of the event include the
following:
There is no receiving signal
There is poor signal received.
The flow meter is not in normal measurement modes.
Reverse flow.
Overflow occurs at the analogue output by 100% or more
Overflow occurs at the frequency output by 120% or more.
(7) The flow rate is out of the specified range which is configured in windows M73 and M74
for Alarm #1, and in windows M75 and M76 for Alarm #2.
Example A: assume we need the Buzzer to start beeping when the flow meter is not ready
in normal measurement. Switch to M77, select item "2. Abnormal Measurement State"
Example B: assume we need the Buzzer to start beeping when the flow rate is less than
300 m3/h and greater than 1000m3/h. The following setup steps would be recommended:
(1) Enter flow rate lower limit 300 in M73 for #1 alarm,
(2) Enter flow rate upper limit 1000 in M74 for #1 alarm,
(3) Select item '6. Alarm #1' in M77.
Example C: assume we need the OCT output to activate when flow rate exceeds
100~500m3/h and the relay output to activate when flow rate exceeds 600~1000m3/h.
The following setup steps would be recommended:
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 30 -
(1) Enter flow rate lower limit 100 in M73
(2) Enter flow rate upper limit 500 in M74
(3) Enter flow rate lower limit 600 in M75
(4) Enter flow rate lower limit 1000 in M76
(5) Select item '6. Alarm #1' in M78
(6) Select item '6. Alarm #1' in M79.
4.18 How to use the built-in Buzzer
The built-in buzzer is user-configurable. It can be used as an alarm. Use M77 for setups.
4.19 How to use the OCT output
The OCT output is user-configurable, which can be performed by selecting the proper input
source such as pulse output. Use M78 for the setups.
Please make sure that the Frequency Output shares the OCT.
The OCT output shares pins with the RS-232C interface, and the terminal is at Pin 1 and 8
4.20 How to modify the built-in calendar
No modification on the built-in calendar will be needed in most cases. The calendar runs on
insignificant amount of power supply. Modification will be required only in such cases as
when the battery is totally consumed, or when the changing of the battery takes a long
time.
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 31 -
Press the ENT key under M60 for Modification. Use the dot key to skip over these digits
that need no modification.
4.21 How to view the Date Totalizers
Use M82 to view the date totalizers that are comprised of a daily totalizer, a monthly
totalizer and a yearly totalizer.
4.22 How to use the Working Timer
Use the working timer to check the time that has passed with a certain kind of operation.
For example, use it as a timer to show how long a fully-charged battery will last.
Under M72, press ENT key and then select YES to reset the timer.
4.23 How to use the manual totalizer
Use M38 for the manual totalizer. Press ENT key to start and stop the totalizer.
4.24 How to know how long the battery will last
Use M07 to check how long the battery will last. Also please refer to §.2.1
4.25 How to check the ESN and other minor details
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 32 -
Every set of the FUF-2000S flow meter utilizes a unique ESN to identify the meter. The
ESN is an 8-digit number that provides the information of version and manufacturing date.
The user can also employ the ESN for instrumentation management.
The ESN is displayed in window M61.
Other details about the instrument are the total working hours displayed in window M+1,
and the total power-on times displayed in window M+4.
4.26 How to use the data logger for scheduled output
Use menu window 51 to setup the time of scheduled output, including start time, time
interval and how many times of output. Then use menu window 50 to turn on data logger
and select the items you want to output.
4.27 How to output analogue voltage signal
Parallel a 250 resistance to the terminal of the Current loop output (No.21, 22), then you
can change the 4-20mA output to analogue voltage output.
4.28 How to adjust the LCD display
You may use menu window 70 to setup the LCD display backlight and menu window 71to
adjust contrast it.
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 33 -
4.29 How to use RS232/RS485?
Use menu window 62 to set up RS232/RS485. All the devices connected with flow meter
should have matched serial configuration.
The following parameters can be configured: Baud rate (300 to 19200 bps), parity, data bits
(always is 8), stop bits (1).
4.30 How to use automatic amending function for offline
compensation
Use menu window 83 turn on or turn off this function. When the function is enabled, the
flow meter will estimate the average flow uncounted (or ‘lost’) during the offline session and
add the result to the totalizer.
This function is not recommended. The user should manage to avoid the offline time to
keep precision of the measurement result.
4.31 How to use batch controller
Please do the following to use the batch controller:
1) Go to menu window 80 to select the trig signal.
2) Go to menu window 78 (OCT output) or 79 (relay output), select “8 Batch Control”.
3) Use menu window 81 to set the flow batch value (dose).
4.32 How to adjust the analogue output
We have adjusted every set of meter before delivery. Unless you find the current indicated
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 34 -
in menu 58 is different with the actual current output, please do not do this operation.
Press keys MENU
▼/-
0 , use the password ”4213068” to enter the window. Notice:
the window will close after power off and the password will become invalid then.
Press keys MENU
▼/-
1 , to adjust the 4mA current output: use precision ammeter to
measure the output current, at the same time, use ▲/+
▼/- to adjust the digital on the
flow meter until the ammeter indicate 4.00. Then press ENT to enter the window of
adjusting the 20mA output.
When finished adjusting, you have to use menu window 26 to store the result into the flash
memory, so that it will be solidified and will not be lost even the reserve battery removed.
4.33 How to solidify the parameters
There are three kinds of parameters for the new generation FUF/TUC-2000:
1) Current parameters, the parameters are stored in the RAM. They will be lost when one
cut the power or remove the reserve battery.
2) Solidified parameters, you may use menu window 26 to store the parameters in the
Flash memory and they will not be lost even power off. This menu window is also a switch
for the parameters in flash memory to be loaded when power is turned on. The default
option is that the parameters will be loaded. So if the parameters are very stable, you may
need this option.
3) User frequently-used parameters, you can use menu window 27 to store or restore from
the internal Flash memory, as many as 9 different pipe parameter configurations.
4.34 How to enter the parameters of user-type-transducer
If a user-type-transducer is selected in menu window 23, you need proceed to enter
additional 4 user-type-wedge parameters that describe the user transducers.
If the PI-type transducer is selected, you need enter additional 4 PI-type transducer
parameters that describe the PI-type transducers.
4.35 How to use the circular display function
When entering menu window 95, the circular display function will be started automatically.
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 35 -
The following windows will be displayed one by one, each window will stay for 8 seconds:
M95>>M00>>M01>>M02>>M02>>
M03>>M04>>M05>>M06>>M07>>M08>>M90>>M91>>M92>> M93>> M94>>M95. This
function allows the user to visit all the important information without any manual action.
To stop this function, simply press a key. Or switch to a window other than M95.
4.36 How to enter into the linearity correcting? How to enter
into the data?
When the product leaved the factory, the function is closed.
The menu can realize almost 12 parts linearity correcting. The user can choose from two
points to twelve points to execute the linearity correcting according to user actual condition.
In order to explain the usage method of the menu, we suppose that we get the following
table data through calibration the meter.
Reference standard
Instrumented show
Correction coefficient
equipment flow (m3/h)
flow (m3/h)
(standard / show value)
1.02
0.0998
1.02
5.11
5.505
0.93
10.34
10.85
0.95
20.45
19.78
1.03
50.56
51.23
0.99
In order to revised the flow exceed the scope of the above table, without mutations of
correction factor, we add two points on the basis of the above five points, (0 m3/h, 1.0) and
(100000 m3/h, 1.0). (0 m3/h, 1.0) is called the minimum flow of the amendment point, this
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 36 -
set of data is used to facilitate to generated a appropriate correction factor when
Instrumented show flow under 1.02 m3/h. (100000 m3/h, 1.0) is called the maximum flow of
the amendment point, this set of data is used to facilitate to generated a appropriate
correction factor when Instrumented show flow above 50.56 m3/h. So that we get the
following data sets from small to large.
( 0
,
1
( 0.0998
,
1.02
( 5.505
,
0.93 )
( 10.85
,
0.95 )
( 19.78
,
1.03 )
( 51.23
,
0.99 )
( 100000
,
1.
)
)
)
The total is seven sets of data. The next step is to put seven sets of data entered into the
Instrument. Pay attention to the input order in accordance with from small to large.
To enter the menu M48, then input the data set number “7”, to be followed in the above
seven sets of data, we revised the setup of a multi-segment linearity correcting.
If you need to cancel linearity correcting, simply enter “0” in the menu M48.
Decommissioned linearity correcting, you just need to enter in the menu M48 data points
(in this case, is “7”).
Noted: before the calibration of the instrument, you must first close the linearity correcting
function. If under the condition that the linearity correcting function has not closed, the
calibration data sets arising from the amendment must be dealing with the reverse curve of
the data following the original amendment, then input to the Instrument. Reverse
amendment is very complicated, and should be avoided.
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 37 -
4.37 How to save / restore frequently-used pipe parameters
You can use menu window 27 to store or restore from the internal Flash memory, as many as 9
different pipe parameter configurations.
5.Troubleshooting
§5.1 Power-on Error Displays and Counter-Measures
The FUF-2000H ultrasonic flow meter provides an automatic power-on diagnosis for the
hardware problems. When any message (with the power on) in the following table displays,
counter-measures should be taken.
Error message
Causes
ROM Testing Error
Segment
Test Problem with the software
Error
Stored Data Error
Timer Slow Error
Timer Fast Error
Date Time Error
Reboot
repetitively
Counter-measures
(1)Power on again
(2)Contact with factory
Problem with the timer-keeper
or the crystal oscillator.
Number errors with the
calendar
When this message displays,
the user should press ENT key,
and all the configuration will be
restored to the default state.
(1)Power on again
(2)Contact with factory
Initialize the calendar by menu
window M61
Hardware problems
Contact the factory
The parameters entered by the
user lose integration.
§5.2 Error Code and Counter-Measures
The FUF-2000H ultrasonic flow meter will show Error Code in the lower right corner with a
single letter like I, R etc. on menu windows M00, M01, M02, M03, M90 and M08. When any
abnormal Error Code shows, counter-measures should be taken.
Error
code
R
I
Correspondent
Message
displayed
on
M08
Causes
Counter-measures
System Normal
No error
Detect No Signal
(1)No Signals detected
(2)Transducers installed
improperly
(3)Too much fouling
(4)Pipe liners are too
thick.
(5)Transducer cords are
(1)Relocate
measuring
location
(2)Clean the spot
(3)Check the cords
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
J
Hardware Error
H
PoorSig Detected
Q
Frequ
OutputOver
F
System
RAM
Error
Date Time Error
CPU or IRQ Error
ROM Parity Error
1
2
3
Adjusting Gain
K
Empty pipe
not properly connected
Hardware problem
(1)Poor signal detected
(2)Transducers installed
improperly
(3)Too much fouling
(4)The pipe liners are too
thick.
(5)Problem
with
transducers cords
The actual frequency for
the Frequency Output is
out of the range set by
the user
(1) Temporary problems
with RAM, RTC
(2) Permanent problems
with hardware
Instrument is in the
progress of adjusting the
gain for the signal, and the
number
indicates
the
progressive steps
(1) No liquid inside
pipe
(2) Setup error on M29
- 39 -
Contact the factory
(1)Relocate
measuring
place
(2)Clean the spot
(3)Check the cords
(4)Check the coupler
Check the value entered at
M66,M67,M68 and M69, and
try to enter a larger value
on M69
(1) power on again
(2) contact factory
(1)
(2)
Relocate where the
pipe is full of liquid
Enter 0 on M29
§5.3 Other Problems and Solutions
(1)
When the actual flow inside the pipe is not standstill, but the instrument displays
0.0000 for the flow rate, and ‘R’ displaying signal strength and the signal quality Q
(value) has a satisfactory value?
The problems are likely caused by the user who has used the ‘Set Zero’ function on
this non-standstill flowing pipe. To solve this problem, use the ‘Reset Zero’ function on
menu window M43.
(2)
The displayed flow rate is much lower or much higher than the actual flow rate in the
pipe under normal working conditions.
(a) There is probably an offset value wrongly entered by the user in M44. Enter ‘0’
in M44.
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
(b)
(c)
- 40 -
Problem with transducer installation.
There is a ‘Zero Point’. Try to ‘zero’ the instrument by using M42 and make sure
that the flow inside the pipe should be standstill.
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
(3)
- 41 -
The battery can not work as long as the time period as indicated by M07
(a) Battery should be replaced due to the end of the service life.
(b) Newly changed battery does not fit the battery estimating software.
Customizing the battery with the software should be taken. Please contact the
factory.
(c) The battery has not been fully recharged or the recharge has been stopped too
many times halfway.
(d) There is indeed a time difference between the actual working time and the
estimated one, especially when the terminal voltage is in the range 3.70 and
3.90 volt. Please refer to battery voltage for a closer estimated working time.
6. Communication Protocol
§6. 1 General
The FUF-2000H ultrasonic flow meter integrates a standard RS-232 communication
interface and a complete set of communication protocols that are compatible with that of
the Fuji’s ultrasonic flow meter.
§6.2 Interface Pin-out Definition
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
for battery recharge, positive input
RXD
TXD
not used
GND
OCT output
not used
for battery recharge, negative input
RING input for connecting a MODEM
§6.3 the Protocol
The protocol is comprised of a set of basic commands that is a string in ASCII format,
ending with a carriage (CR) and line feed (LF). Commonly used commands are listed in the
following table.
Command
DQD(CR)
DQH(CR)
DQM(CR)
DQS(CR)
DV(CR)
DI+(CR)
DI-(CR)
DIN(CR)
DID(CR)
DL(CR)
DT(CR)
Function
Return flow rate per day
Return flow rate per hour
Return flow rate per minute
Return flow rate per second
Return flow velocity
Return POS totalizer
Return NEG totalizer
Return NET totalizer
Return Identification Number
Return signal strength and quality
Return date and time
M@(CR)***
Send a key value as if a key is pressed
Data Format
±d.ddddddE±dd(CR)(LF)*
±d.ddddddE±dd(CR)(LF)
±d.ddddddE±dd(CR)(LF)
±d.ddddddE±dd(CR)(LF)
±d.ddddddE±dd(CR)(LF)
±dddddddE±d(CR)(LF)**
±dddddddE±d(CR)(LF)
±dddddddE±d(CR)(LF)
ddddd(CR)(LF)
S=ddd,ddd Q=dd (CR)(LF)
yy-mm-dd
hh:mm:ss(CR)(LF)
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
LCD(CR)
Return the current window display
FOdddd(CR)
ESN(CR)
RING(CR)
Force the FO output with a frequency in
dddd Hz
Return the ESN for the instrument
Handshaking Request by a MODEM
OK(CR)
GA
Response from a MODEM
Command for GSM messaging
GB
Command for GSM messaging
GC
Command for GSM messaging
DUMP(CR)
DUMP0(CR)
DUMP1(CR)
Return the buffer content
Clear the whole buffer
Return the whole buffer content
W
N
P
&
Notes *
- 43 -
Dddddddd(CR)(LF)
No action
Please contact factory for
detail
In ASCII string format
In ASCII string format
In ASCII string Format, 24KB
in length
Prefix before an Identification Number
in a network environment. The IDN is a
word, ranging 0-65534.
Prefix before an Identification Number
in a network environment. The IDN is a
single byte value, ranging 00-255.
Prefix before any command
Command connector to make a longer
command by combining up to 6
commands
CR stands for Carriage Return and LF for Line Feed.
** ‘d’ stands for the 0~9 digit numbers.
*** @ stands for the key value, e.g., 30H for the ‘0’ key.
§6.4 Protocol Prefix Usage
(1) Prefix P
The prefix P can be added before any command in the above table to have the returning
data followed with two bytes of CRC check sum, which is the adding sum of the original
character string.
Take the DI+(CR) command as an example. Assume that DI+(CR) would return
+1234567E+0m3(CR)(LF)( the string in hexadecimal is 2BH, 31H, 32H, 33H, 34H, 35H,
36H, 37H, 45H, 2BH, 30H, 6DH, 33H, 20H, 0DH, 0AH) , then PDI(CR) would return
+1234567E+0m3!F7(CR)(LF). ‘!’ acts as the starter of check sum which is yielded by
adding up the string 2BH, 31H, 32H, 33H, 34H, 35H, 36H, 37H, 45H, 2BH, 30H, 6DH,
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 44 -
33H, 20H.
Please note that there will be SPACES (20H) before ‘!’.
(2) Prefix W
The prefix W should be used in the network environment. The usage format is W + digit
string which stands for the IDN + basic command.
The digit string should have a value between 0 and 65534 except 13(0DH), 10 (0AH),
42(2AH,*), 38(26H, &).
For example, if the IDN=12345 instrument is addressed and returning the velocity of that
instrument is requested, the command will be W12345DV(CR).
(3) Prefix N
The prefix N is a single byte IDN network prefix, not recommended in a new design. It is
reserved only for the purpose of the compatibility with the former versions
(4) Command Connector &
The & command connector can connect up to 6 basic commands to form a longer
command so that it will make the programming much easier.
For example, assume that the measurement of an instrument with IDN=4321 are going to
be returned, and (then) all the following 3 values--- (1) flow rate (2) velocity (3)POS
totalizer---will be returned simultaneously. The combined command would be
W4321DQD&DV&DI+(CR), and the result would be:
+1.234567E+12m3/d(CR)
+3.1235926E+00m/s(CR)
+1234567E+0m3(CR)
§6.5 Codes for the Keypad
The codes for the keypad should be used when the instrument is connected with other
terminals that operate the instrument by transmitting the ‘M’ command along with the
keypad code. By this function, remote operation of this instrument can be realized, even via
the Internet.
Ke
y
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Hexadecim
al
Key code
30H
31H
32H
33H
34H
35H
36H
37H
Decim
al Key
code
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
ASCII
Code
Key
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
.
◄
MENU
ENT
▲/+
▼/-
Hexadecim
al
Key code
38H
39H
3AH
3BH,0BH
3CH,0CH
3DH,0DH
3EH
3FH
Decimal
Key
code
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
ASCII
Code
8
9
:
;
<
=
>
?
7. Service
§7.1 Service
The manufacturer provides instrument installation for our customers, and the charges will
be made according the cost.
(1) For any hardware failure of the instrument, we recommend that our customers send
back the instrument to our factory for service, due to the fact that the instrument is
made of microprocessors and it will be difficult to perform field maintenance. Before
sending back the instrument, please try to contact the factory first to make sure what
the problem is.
For other operational problems, please contact our service department by telephone, fax or
email and internet. In most cases, the problem could be solved immediately.
§7.2 Software Upgrade Service
We provide free-of-charge software upgrade services. Please contact the factory for any
lately developed software.
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 46 -
Appendix
1. Sound speed data of liquid (unit: m/s)
Liquids
Water (20℃)
Water (50℃)
Water (75℃)
Water (100℃)
Water (125℃)
Water (150℃)
Water (175℃)
Water (200℃)
Water (225℃)
Water (250℃)
Aceton
Methanol
Ethanol
Alcohol
Butanone
Acetaldehyde
Sound speed
1482
1543
1554
1543
1511
1466
1401
1333
1249
1156
1190
1121
1168
1440
1310
1180
Liquids
Glycerin
Petrol
66# Petrol
80# Petrol
0# Diesel
Phenol
Ethyl benzene
Toluene
Phenixin
Coal oil
Petroleum
Pine oil
Chlorylene
Castor oil
Glycol
Peanut oil
Sound speed
1923
1250
1171
1139
1385
1330
1340
1170
938
1420
1290
1280
1050
1502
1620
1472
2. Sound speed data of solid (unit: m/s)
Material
Steel
ABS
Aluminum
Copper
Cast Iron
Bronze
GRP
Glass
Polyethylene
PVC
Sound speed
3206
2286
3048
2270
2460
2270
3430
3276
1950
2540
Liner Material
Teflon
Ti
Cement
Asphalt
Enamel
Glass
Plastic
Polyethylene
PTFE
Rubber
Note: Please contact with the manufacturer for other sound speed data.
Sound speed
1225
3150
4190
2540
2540
5970
2280
1600
1450
1600
FUF-2000H Handheld Ultrasonic Flowmeter
- 47 -
3. Sound speed in water at atmosphere pressure
Unit: t (Deg C) v (m/s)
t
v
t
v
t
v
t
v
0
1402.3
25
1496.6
50
1542.5
75
1555.1
1
1407.3
26
1499.2
51
1543.5
76
1555.0
2
1412.2
27
1501.8
52
1544.6
77
1554.9
3
1416.9
28
1504.3
53
1545.5
78
1554.8
4
1421.6
29
1506.7
54
1546.4
79
1554.6
5
1426.1
30
1509.0
55
1547.3
80
1554.4
6
1430.5
31
1511.3
56
1548.1
81
1554.2
7
1434.8
32
1513.5
57
1548.9
82
1553.9
8
1439.1
33
1515.7
58
1549.6
83
1553.6
9
1443.2
34
1517.7
59
1550.3
84
1553.2
10
1447.2
35
1519.7
60
1550.9
85
1552.8
11
1451.1
36
1521.7
61
1551.5
86
1552.4
12
1454.9
37
1523.5
62
1552.0
87
1552.0
13
1458.7
38
1525.3
63
1552.5
88
1551.5
14
1462.3
39
1527.1
64
1553.0
89
1551.0
15
1465.8
40
1528.8
65
1553.4
90
1550.4
16
1469.3
41
1530.4
66
1553.7
91
1549.8
17
1472.7
42
1532.0
67
1554.0
92
1549.2
18
1476.0
43
1533.5
68
1554.3
93
1548.5
19
1479.1
44
1534.9
69
1554.5
94
1547.5
20
1482.3
45
1536.3
70
1554.7
95
1547.1
21
1485.3
46
1537.7
71
1554.9
96
1546.3
22
1488.2
47
1538.9
72
1555.0
97
1545.6
23
1491.1
48
1540.2
73
1555.0
98
1544.7
24
1493.9
49
1541.3
74
1555.1
99
1543.9