Wind Data Logger
User’s Manual
APRS World, LLC
902 East Second Street, Suite 320
Winona, MN 55987
USA
Phone: +1-507-454-2727
E-mail: wind@aprsworld.com
Web: www.aprsworld.com
Copyright 2008 by APRS World, LLC
All Rights Reserved
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Warranty ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2
Further Information ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2
Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................. 3
Using this Manual .................................................................................................................................................................... 3
Components ............................................................................................................................................................................. 3
Navigation ................................................................................................................................................................................ 4
Buttons ................................................................................................................................................................................. 4
TM
Secure Digital Card Slot ..................................................................................................................................................... 4
Wind Data Logger Quick-Start Guide ........................................................................................................................................... 5
Powering the Wind Data Logger .............................................................................................................................................. 5
Clock Battery Backup ............................................................................................................................................................... 5
Sensor and Cable Hookup ........................................................................................................................................................ 5
RS-232 Interface ....................................................................................................................................................................... 5
Mounting The Data Logger ...................................................................................................................................................... 6
Mounting the Anemometer and Wind Vane ........................................................................................................................... 6
Mounting the Temperature Sensor ......................................................................................................................................... 6
User Interface .......................................................................................................................................................................... 7
Main Display Screens ........................................................................................................................................................... 7
Setting the Time and Date ................................................................................................................................................... 8
Orienting the Wind Vane ......................................................................................................................................................... 9
Data Logging............................................................................................................................................................................. 9
Starting and Stopping Logging ............................................................................................................................................. 9
Memory Card Requirements for Data Loggers with Metal Faceplates .................................................................................. 10
Memory Card Requirements for Data Loggers with Plastic Faceplates ................................................................................. 11
TM
TM
Formatting Secure Digital and Multi-Media Cards ..................................................................................................... 11
Data ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 12
Record Format ....................................................................................................................................................................... 12
Example Record and Analysis............................................................................................................................................. 12
Spreadsheet Field Description ........................................................................................................................................... 13
Wind Data Logger Advanced Applications ................................................................................................................................. 15
Logging Interval Setup............................................................................................................................................................ 15
Backlight Setup....................................................................................................................................................................... 15
Sensor Hookup Pin-out Information ...................................................................................................................................... 15
RS-232 Interface ..................................................................................................................................................................... 15
Anemometer Calibration ....................................................................................................................................................... 16
Converting Anemometer Pulse Count to Average Wind Speed ............................................................................................. 16
User ADC Setup ...................................................................................................................................................................... 17
Serial Data Format ................................................................................................................................................................. 18
Appendices ................................................................................................................................................................................. 19
Creating a Graph in Microsoft Excel ....................................................................................................................................... 19
Example of Using Data from Voltage Output Sensors ........................................................................................................... 21
Wind Data Logger Mounting Template .................................................................................................................................. 23
Specifications ......................................................................................................................................................................... 24
Sensors ............................................................................................................................................................................... 24
Interfaces ........................................................................................................................................................................... 24
Electrical, Mechanical, and Regulatory .............................................................................................................................. 25
1
APRS World Wind Data Logger
WARRANTY
APRS World’s support policy is simple; we want you to be happy! If you have a problem, please feel free to contact us;
we will do our best to get you up and running as soon as possible.
The Wind Data Logger has a one-year limited warranty. We will repair or replace your Wind Data Logger if you
encounter any problems within one year of purchase. We reserve the right to charge a reasonable fee for repairing
units with user-inflicted damage or lightning damage. It is your responsibility to ship the defective unit back to APRS
World, LLC. We will pay for shipping the replacement to you. We reserve the right to upgrade your equipment to an
equivalent or better model. This warranty does not cover the accuracy of the sensors connected to the Wind Data
Logger or the accuracy of the data collected by the Wind Data Logger.
FURTHER INFORMATION
See our website for further and specialized technical information:
http://www.aprsworld.com/wind2/
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2
INTRODUCTION
Thank-you for purchasing APRS World’s Wind Data Logger! We are confident that you will find this to be a valuable
tool and sound investment in assisting you with wind site evaluation and other meteorological and monitoring
applications.
The Wind Data Logger is designed to provide an affordable and easy-to-use solution for wind site evaluation and wind
generator performance. It easily supports both simple and complex monitoring applications. The Wind Data Logger
records wind speed, gust, and direction, as well as the time and date, temperature, battery voltage, and other
important wind parameters. The data logger is capable of recording wind speed from up to three anemometers,
making it ideal for complex studies involving multiple wind speed instruments and other sensors. In addition to the
standard sensors, it can collect data from most analog or pulse output sensors.
The Wind Data Logger records directly to a Secure Digital (SD™) card to provide convenient data downloads and will
store years of data. This means fewer trips to retrieve data from the Wind Data Logger. For your convenience, a new
file is created and saved to the card for each day the data logger is in use. Using the recorded data is simple. The SD™
card is inserted into a card reader attached to the USB port on your computer (Windows, Macintosh, and Linux) and
will then show up as a drive.
To view and graph the data, click on the spreadsheet corresponding to the day of interest. Microsoft Excel,
OpenOffice.org, or practically any spreadsheet program can be used to view, graph, and analyze your wind data. We
also provide web-based software that makes your analysis even easier. Simply upload your data and our software will
automatically plot the data as well as provide basic statistics.
USING THIS MANUAL
This manual is divided into two main sections. The Wind Data Logger Quick-Start Guide will provide adequate
information for most users and should be read in its entirety. Users interested in more advanced applications of the
Wind Data Logger should review the Wind Data Logger Advanced Applications section. Data analysis information,
templates, specifications and other information can be found in the Appendix.
COMPONENTS
The Wind Data Logger Starter Package (APRS6050) includes (Fig. 1):
Wind Data Logger (APRS6000)
7.5 m (25 ft) CAT5 anemometer cable
Mounting screws and nuts
AC adapter (APRS6601)
TM
Secure Digital (SD) card (APRS6602)
USB card reader (APRS6603)
7.5 m (25 ft) temperature sensor (APRS6550)
Assembled anemometer (APRS6500)
Printed manual
APRS World, LLC, and other vendors carry a variety of other sensors
and instruments that can be used with the Wind Data Logger.
3
Figure 1. Wind Data Logger Starter Package
APRS World Wind Data Logger
NAVIGATION
The Wind Data Logger’s easy-to-use interface (Fig. 2) includes a 16 character by 2 line backlit LCD screen, which
displays current information and is used for configuring the data logger. A simple menu-driven interface using the LCD
and three front panel buttons makes setup easy. A bright backlight makes the data logger easy-to-use at night. A
TM
Secure Digital (SD) card slot makes recording and accessing data easy.
BUTTONS
▼: Scrolls through display screens and allows user calibration
in setup menus. Moves values in the negative direction.
SELECT: Press to enter ‘Setup’ menu and to set user
calibrated displays
▲: Scrolls through display screens and allows user calibration
in setup menus. Moves values in the positive direction.
All buttons respond to a single press; holding a button will
not cause multiple actions to occur.
SECURE DIGITAL
TM
CARD SLOT
The Wind Data Logger has a spring-loaded memory card slot.
Figure 2. Wind Data Logger front panel.
TM
TM
To insert a Secure Digital (SD ) card, place the card face up
into the slot on the front panel and press the card inwards until the card clicks into place. To remove card, press the
card slightly inward and card will release.
The card should not be removed by pulling it out without first pressing it inwards. If a card is pulled out in this manner,
both the memory card and the card socket may be damaged.
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4
WIND DATA LOGGER QUICK-START GUIDE
This section of the manual will provide you with all of the basic information you need to know to get your Wind Data
Logger up and running. We suggest reading it in its entirety. More advanced user applications are found in the next
section and may not be applicable to all users.
POWERING THE WIND DA TA LOGGER
The Wind Data Logger requires a DC power source capable of supplying 7 to 40
VDC with a current of at least 50 mA. The Wind Data Logger should be protected
with an over-current device that will allow no more than 300 mA before tripping. Figure 3. Symbol typically found on
power adapter.
A small fuse is suitable. An AC wall adapter with a rating of 300 mA or less is also
suitable, although the wall adapter may be damaged in the event of a Wind Data Logger failure. The polarity is usually
denoted on the power source with a symbol as shown in Figure 3. The power input connector (Fig. 4) is located on the
back of the Wind Data Logger in the upper left; it is a 2.1 by 5.5 mm connector with positive center conductor. The
positive voltage must be applied to the center pin and ground on the outside conductor. Reversing positive and
negative will destroy the data logger and void your warranty. If this is not clear, please call us.
Note: If you have a power pigtail connector from APRS World, the white-striped wire is positive. This only applies to
APRS World power pigtails and cannot be assured for connectors from obtained from other sources.
CLOCK BATTERY BACKUP
The data logger’s real-time clock uses a 3-volt lithium coin cell battery (Fig. 4) to maintain the clock while power is
disconnected. CR1225, BR1225, or any 3-volt 12.5 by 2.5 mm battery may be used. These are common watch batteries
and should be available from most stores.
The clock battery is required for the data logger to operate. To install
a new battery, disconnect the power, remove the old battery, and
slide the new battery in place. The side with writing should be facing
up. A small screw driver or tooth pick will aid in removing the old
battery.
SENSOR AND CABLE HOO KUP
Connect the anemometer and temperature sensor to the
corresponding Wind Data Logger inputs (Fig. 4) using CAT 5 or better
computer cables and RJ-45 connectors. This is the type of cable and
Figure 4. Wind Data Logger circuit board.
connector generally used for wiring an Ethernet network. A cable
length of up to 150 m (500 ft) between the instruments and the Wind
Data Logger should not be a problem; however, a long cable is more susceptible to lightning.
If you would like to hook non-standard sensors up to the Wind Data Logger, please refer to the pin-out information in
the Advanced Applications section of this manual.
RS-232 INTERFACE
See Advanced Applications section.
5
APRS World Wind Data Logger
MOUNTING THE DATA LOGGER
The Wind Data Logger can be mounted indoors or outdoors in a weatherproof enclosure, and must be protected from
water, dust, and mechanical damage. APRS World, LLC offers a full line of standard and custom outdoor enclosures to
simplify your installation.
The Wind Data Logger is designed to mount in a North American style, double-gang electrical box. The four screw holes
in the bezel and the provided screws match this type of box. Home improvement and hardware stores typically carry a
variety of double-gang electrical boxes. Select a box at least 3.30 cm (1.3 in) deep to fit the Wind Data Logger and
cables. Surface mount boxes are available from APRS World, LLC .
If an off-the-shelf enclosure is not suitable for your application, there is a full-size template of the Wind Data Logger
cutout in the appendix and on our website:
http://aprsworld.com/wind2/documents/
This dimensioned drawing can be copied or printed and used as cutting template or machinist drawing.
MOUNTING THE ANEMOMETER AND WIND VANE
Our standard anemometer (APRS6500) and wind vane (APRS6502) are made with 1.5 inch trade diameter PVC pipe.
They can be used with standard PVC fittings available from most hardware stores. There are also fittings to convert
from PVC to threaded steal pipe. Hose clamps can also be used to attach the sensors to round or rectangular objects.
For most wind studies, the anemometer should be located in laminar (free flowing) air. This air is typically found at
least 10 meters (33 feet) or more above surrounding objects.
If you are using an APRS World Tee Kit (APRS6551) for mounting the anemometer and wind vane, refer to the appendix
for mounting information (applies to Fascinating Electronics / APRS World anemometer and wind vane only).
Once mounted, the wind vane will need to be properly oriented to provide correct data. Instructions for orienting the
wind vane can be found on page 9.
MOUNTING THE TEMPERATURE SENSOR
To obtain an accurate temperature reading, the temperature sensor (APRS6550) should be mounted in a shaded area
that allows air to move over the sensor. Ideally, the sensor should be located within a solar radiation shield. The sensor
should be located 1.5 m ± 0.30 m (5 ft ± 1 ft) from the surface of the ground, or 0.60 m (2 ft) above the average
maximum snow depth, depending on which method corresponds to the higher level. Thus, if average snow depth is 1.2
m (4 ft) for the area of interest, we recommend mounting the temperature sensor at a height of 1.8 m (6 ft).
The temperature sensor should be located within 15 m (50 ft) of the Wind Data Logger to prevent electrical
interference from affecting the temperature value.
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6
USER INTERFACE
Use the LCD screen and three colored buttons on the front panel to navigate the user interface as described in the
‘Navigation’ section of the Introduction (Fig. 1). There is no need to connect the Wind Data Logger to a computer for
normal configuration or use.
When power is applied to the Wind Data Logger, the screen should begin to display. If the screen is blank, check the
power supply before contacting customer support. The data logger’s default settings will work with the components in
the Starter Package (APRS6050); however, if there is ever a need to replace the clock battery, the date and time must
be reset using steps discussed later in the manual.
Screens in the Main Setup Menu that are not discussed in this section of the manual are covered in the Advanced
Applications section of the manual.
All screens in the Main Display Loop provide current instrument readings.
MAIN DISPLAY SCREENS
Unless you have changed the anemometer calibration values, the Wind Data Logger will default to MPH
for the Fascinating Electronics / APRS World anemometer. See Anemometer Calibration in the
Advanced Applications section of the manual for details on changing anemometer calibration.
Display Screen
Hardware and Firmware
wind2f
16-Jul-07 BUILD
Anemometer 0 and Wind
Vane
0.0
Speed
0.0
Gust
000º
Dir
Wind Speeds
0.0
WS0
0.0
WS1
0.0
WS2
Wind Gusts
0.0
WG0
0.0
WG1
0.0
WG2
Wind Pulses
0000
WC0
0000
WC1
0000
WC2
Temperature and Voltage
Temp: 0ºC 0ºF
Input Volt: 13.8
7
Description
The hardware revision and firmware version displays for about two seconds after power
is applied to the Wind Data Logger
Current (instantaneous) speed. Gust stores the peak speed since the data logger last
wrote to the memory card. Dir shows the wind direction. If no wind vane is installed, the
direction will display 000º. Anemometer and wind vane are setup in Main
Configuration Menu.
Wind speeds for up to three anemometer inputs. If fewer than three anemometers are
installed, the unused inputs will display 0.0
Maximum measured wind speeds since the last write to the memory card for up to three
anemometer inputs. If fewer than three anemometers are installed, the unused inputs
will display 0.0
Raw reading of the number of times the anemometer has rotated since the last write to
memory. If fewer than three anemometers are installed, the empty inputs will display
0000
Displays the temperature reading from the temperature sensor and the voltage of the
Wind Data Logger power supply. If no temperature sensor is connected, the display will
show 0ºC 0ºF
APRS World Wind Data Logger
Display Screen
User Analog Input Values
AO:
A1:
5.00V
5.00V
5.000V
5.000V
A2:
5.00V
5.000V
Date and Time
Date: 2007-07-16
Time: 14:19:37
Memory Status
Status: LOGGING
00004/00060 sec
Main Setup Menu
Main
Prev
Setup
Enter
Menu
Next
Description
Values for A0, A1, and A2 on the following two screens are the input values for three
user analog input channels (See ' User ADC Setup' in the Advanced Applications
section). The value on the left is raw voltage. The value on the right is configured in the
User ADC Setup values in the Main Setup Menu.
Current date and time. Date is setup using the Date Screen in the Main Setup Menu.
Time is setup using the Time Screen in the Main Setup Menu. Time is in 24-hour format.
Displays LOGGING when a Secure Digital ™ card is inserted. Displays NOT RDY when
no memory card is inserted or there is an error accessing the card. The first number
shows the number of time (seconds) since the last write to the memory card. The
second number shows the logging interval.
Press the SELECT button to enter the Main Setup Menu. Use the screens in the Main
Setup Menu to configure and calibrate the Wind Data Logger. Use the ▼ and ▲ buttons
to change user calibrated values and SELECT to set values.
SETTING THE TIME AND DATE
Using the ‘Time’ and ‘Date’ screens, one can both view and set the current date and time. The Wind Data Logger
incorporates a real-time clock that keeps accurate time while power is disconnected. The clock does not automatically
adjust for daylight savings; however it does automatically adjust for leap years. The date format used throughout the
Wind Data Logger is YYYY-MM-DD.
We recommend that you set the date and time to GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) / UTC (Coordinated Universal Time)
time to avoid having to change the clock for daylight savings. GMT and UTC time are based on the date and time at the
Prime Meridian and do not change with daylight savings adjustments. Local time is found by adding or subtracting an
offset from GMT. For example, Chicago is 6 hours earlier than GMT in winter time, and 5 hours earlier than GMT in the
summer / daylight savings time.
In the example below you will learn how to input or change numbers in the Wind Data Logger setup. The same method
is used with all Wind Data Logger setup screens.
1. From any of the screens in the Main Display Loop, press the ▼ or ▲
key until the Main Setup Menu is displayed. Press the SELECT button to
enter the Main Setup Menu.
2. The Date Setup Screen will display. Press the SELECT button to set
the date.
3. The last digit of the year is underlined. Press ▼to decrease the year or
▲ to increase the year. When year is correct, press SELECT to set the
year and move to the month. Set the month and day using the same
method. Press SELECT to return to the Date Setup Screen.
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Main Setup Menu
Main
Prev
Setup
Enter
Menu
Next
Date Setup Screen
Date: 2007-07-12
Prev Set
Next
Changing the Date
Date: 2007-07-12
Set
+
8
4. Press ▲ to advance to the Time Setup Screen. Press SELECT to set
the time.
5. Note that the last digit of the hour is underlined. Press the ▼to
decrease the hour or ▲ to increase the hour. When the hour is correct,
press the SELECT button to set the hour and move to the minutes. Set
the minutes and seconds using the same method. Press SELECT to
return to the Time Setup Screen.
6. Press ▼ twice to return to the Main Display Loop or ▲ to continue
calibrating the data logger (see Advanced Applications).
Time Setup Screen
Time: 10:33:37
Prev Set
Next
Changing the Time
Time:
-
10:33:37
Set
+
Main Setup Screen
Main
Prev
Setup
Enter
Menu
Next
ORIENTING THE WIND V ANE
To orient the wind vane, in the ‘Main Setup Screen,’ scroll to the ‘Wind Vane Setup’
screen and press SELECT to set (Fig. 5). First, using the SELECT button, choose the
wind vane type, as in Figure 5.
There are two ways to orient the wind vane to north. One way is to connect it to
the data logger on the ground and rotate the vane until the display reads 000°.
Tape the wind vane in place so it cannot rotate. Install the wind vane and orient it
to true north using a compass and the appropriate magnetic declination
information. Remove the tape once the wind vane is oriented to north.
Wind Vane
Prev Set
Setup
Next
Wind Vane Type:
FASC NRG* NONE
Dir Offset: 000º
Set
+
Figure 5. Wind vane calibration
screens.
The other method is to install the wind vane pointing any random direction and then use the Wind Vane Calibration
Screen on the data logger. So, if the wind vane reads 240° when it is pointing north, you can select an offset of 120°
(240° + 120° = 360° or 0°) to have it read 0° or true north.
Typically, wind direction is referenced to true north. In most locations, magnetic north (where a compass points) and
true north (direction to the North Pole) are not the same. The difference between the two is called the magnetic
declination. Magnetic declination varies from location to location and as time passes. To accurately direct the wind
vane using a magnetic compass, you will need to know the magnetic declination for your location; links to this
information can be found on the Internet at:
http://www.aprsworld.com/info/declination/
DATA LOGGING
The Wind Data Logger can record measurements directly to an industry standard Secure Digital™ or Multi-Media
Card™. The data logger records both raw and processed values in a simple text format that can be opened with any
spreadsheet or text editor.
STARTING AND STOPPING LOGGING
Logging commences after the memory card is inserted into the data logger and terminates after it is removed.
9
APRS World Wind Data Logger
MEMORY CARD REQUIREMENTS FOR DATA LOGGERS WITH METAL FACEPLATES
Note: The following section applies only to data loggers with a metal faceplate. If you have a data logger with
an plastic faceplate, please refer to the next section.
This model of APRS World’s Wind Data Logger is compatible with all sizes of SD or MMC cards; however, it will
not work with Secure Digital High Capacity (SDHC) cards.
There is no need to format the SD card for this data logger model.
Figure 7. Wind Data Logger with metal faceplate.
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10
MEMORY CARD REQUIREMENTS FOR DATA LOGGERS WITH PLASTIC FACEPLATES
Note: The following section applies only to data loggers with a plastic faceplate. If you have data logger with a
metal faceplate, please refer to the previous section.
This model of APRS World’s Wind Data Logger is only compatible with a 128 megabyte SD or MMC card; APRS
World cannot provide any kind of support for cards larger than 128 MB for this model.
TM
TM
The Secure Digital or Multi-Media Card must be formatted in FAT 12 or
FAT 16 format. FAT 32 will not work! You can easily re-format a FAT32 card
to FAT16 by following the directions in the next section.
FORMATTING SECURE DIGITAL
TM
AND MULTI-MEDIA CARDS
TM
TM
TM
The Wind Data Logger accepts Secure Digital (SD) and Multi-Media Card
(MMC) flash memory cards formatted in FAT12 or FAT16. To format the
memory card, you will need to make sure it is formatted to FAT12 or FAT16;
Microsoft Windows XP defaults to FAT32, thus you must select “FAT” when
formatting the card.
HOW TO FORMAT SD
1.
2.
3.
TM
AND MMC
TM
CARDS:
Go to ‘My Computer’ and right click on the drive reading from the
TM
TM
SD or MMC card and select “Format”.
The default formatting file system will be set to ‘FAT32.’ You must
change this to ‘FAT’ using the ‘File system’ drop down menu (Fig.
7).
Click the ‘Start’ icon to begin formatting the memory card.
Figure 8. Formatting the memory card.
Memory card must be formatted in either
FAT12 or FAT16. FAT 32 does not work.
Figure 9. Wind Data Loggers with plastic faceplates
11
APRS World Wind Data Logger
DATA
The Wind Data Logger generates one file per calendar day (Fig. 6). The file name is YYYYMMDD.CSV (ex. 20070713.CSV)
where YYYY is the four-digit year, MM is the two-digit month, and DD is the two-digit day. Each file is stored in the main
TM
TM
directory or folder of the Secure Digital or Multi- Media Card . The file consists of one record per line. On most
computers, a single file can be opened in a text editor by simply double clicking on its icon.
The Wind Data Logger records Comma Separated Vertical (CSV) files to the memory card. CSV data can be used by
nearly any spreadsheet software, SQL databases, standard software, and custom software. First launch the program,
then use the ‘Open’ command in the File menu to select the CSV file created by the Wind Data Logger. In the ‘Open’
window, you may need to select ‘text,’ ‘comma-delimited text,’ or ‘CSV’ in order to select and open the file.
Microsoft Excel, Gnumeric, and Open Office.org Calculator are all good spreadsheet programs. Gnumeric and
OpenOffice.org Calc are free and can be downloaded from the Internet.
RECORD FORMAT
During each logging interval, the Wind Data Logger records the readings from all of its sensors to create a new record in
the CSV file. Each field of the record is separated by a comma. A new line marks the end of each record. When a file is
correctly loaded into a spreadsheet, each field will be in its own column and each record will be on one line.
EXAMPLE RECORD AND A NALYSIS
Below is an example of a record created by the Wind Data Logger. Next is an example of how that record looks loaded
into a spreadsheet. An explanation of the data is also provided. Refer to the next section (Spreadsheet Field
Description) for further explanation of the data fields.
2007-07-12 10:05:24, 7.7, 8.1,28, 7.3, 8.0,35, 0.0, 0.0,0,194,29,238,69,0,620,46,355,273,1015,9.3,59
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
2007-07-12
10:05:24
7.7
8.1
28
7.3
8
35
0
0
0
194
29
238
69
0
620
46
355
273
1015
9.3
59
A: This observation was made on 12 July 2007 at 10:05:24
B-D: The current wind speed, as measured at anemometer 0, was 7.7 MPH gusting to 8.1 MPH, and generating
28 pulses since the last record.
E -G: The current wind speed, as measured at anemometer 1, was 7.3 MPH gusting to 8.0 MPH, and generating
35 pulses since the last record.
H-J: The third anemometer was not connected and therefore was reporting a wind speed of 0.0 MPH gusting to
0.0 MPH, and generating 0 pulses since the last record.
K: The wind direction was 194 degrees or 14 degrees west of south.
L: The temperature was 29 degrees Celsius.
M-T: The eight analog to digital converters read 238, 69, 0, 620, 46, 355, 273, and 1015
U: The data logger was being supplied with 9.3 VDC
V: The checksum for the record is 59
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12
SPREADSHEET FIELD DESCRIPTION
Note: Unless you have changed the anemometer calibration values, the Wind Data Logger will default to
MPH for the Fascinating Electronics / APRS World anemometer.
Name
Field
A
Date and Time
B
C
D
E
F
K
L
13
Gust
Maximum wind speed during
interval
Pulse Count
Rotations during interval
NNN.n
•NNN is integer wind speed in
MPH
(0 to 999)
•n is tenths of wind speed (0 to 9)
CCCCC
•CCCCC is pulse count (0 to
65535)
Same as Anemometer 0
Gust
Pulse Count
H
J
Wind speed (units dictated by
calibration)
Speed
Anemometer
1
G
I
Format
YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS
•YYYY is year (2000 to 2099)
•MM is month (01 to 12)
•DD is day (01 to 31)
•HH is hour (00 to 23)
•MM is minute (00 to 59)
•SS is second (00 to 59)
Date and time
Speed
Anemometer
0
Description
Speed
Anemometer
2
Gust
Same as Anemometer 0
Pulse Count
Wind Direction
Temperature
In degrees
In degrees Celsius
DDD
•DDD is direction (000 to 359)
[-]NNN
•NNN is temperature with optional
negative sign. (-100 to 100)
APRS World Wind Data Logger
Name
Field
Description
Format
The following ADC inputs are raw values from all of the internal Analog to Digital Converters (ADC). The value will
range from 0 to 1023 representing 0 to 5 volts applied to the ADC. Additional conversion is required to get non-voltage
units. See Advanced Applications section for further details.
M
ADC0
Input Voltage
Represents voltage supplied to
data logger
N
ADC1
Wind Vane
Potentiometer 0
Represents voltage from wind vane
potentiometer
ADC2
Wind Vane
Potentiometer 1
Represents voltage from second
wind vane potentiometer for
Fascinating / APRS World wind
vane
O
P
ADC3
Temperature Sensor
Represents voltage from included
temperature sensor
Q
ADC4
User ADC 0
R
ADC5
User ADC 1
Represents voltage from external
sensor(s)
S
ADC6
User ADC 2
T
U
ADC7
NNNN
•NNN is ADC reading (0 to 1023)
Voltage is found using the
following formula:
voltage = ADCx * (5.0/1023)
Unused
This channel not available for use
on Wind Data Logger revision
"wind2e" or later. Value is
undefined.
Input Voltage
Voltage of Wind Data Logger
power supply
NN.n
•NN is integer voltage (0 to 40)
•n is tenths of voltage (0 to 9)
Calculated checksum of record
NNN
•NNN is an integer representation
of the checksum (0 to 255)
Checksum is calculated by
exclusive or'ing (XOR) the ASCII
value of all of the characters in the
record from the start of the date to
the last digit of the input voltage.
The initial character is XORed with
0.
V
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Checksum
14
WIND DATA LOGGER ADVANCED APPLICATIONS
This section of the manual includes advanced application for the Wind Data Logger and may not be necessary for many
users.
LOGGING INTERVAL SETUP
The logging interval prompts are used to set the frequency at which the Wind Data
Logger records data to memory and resets the wind gust and count values. The
default logging interval for recording data to the memory card is 60 seconds, which
is suitable for most applications; however the logging interval can range from 15 to
60,000 seconds.
To change the logging interval, in the ‘Main Setup Screen,’ scroll to ‘Interval Setup’
and press SELECT to set the logging interval (Fig. 8).
Interval Setup
Prev Set Next
Log Sec: 00060
Set
+
Figure 10. Logging interval setup screen.
BACKLIGHT SETUP
The LCD backlight can be configured to be on, off, or in automatic mode. The data
logger defaults to automatic mode, which allows the backlight to stay lit for 15
seconds after pressing a button before extinguishing. Automatic mode is
recommended for ease of use and reduction of power use.
To set backlight preference, in the ‘Main Setup Screen,’ scroll to the ‘Backlight
Setup’ screen and press SELECT to set backlight mode (Fig. 9).
Backlight
Prev Set
Setup
Next
Backlight
ON
OFF
Mode:
AUTO*
Figure 11. Backlight setup screen.
SENSOR HOOKUP PIN-OUT INFORMATION
Non-standard sensors can be connected to the Wind Data Logger using the pinout information in the following table.
RJ-45 Pin
Wire Color
Anemometer
Connector
Temp & ADC
Connector
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Orange / White
Orange
Green / White
Blue
Blue / White
Green
Brown / White
Anemometer 0
Anemometer 1
Anemometer 2
Ground
5 volts
Wind Vane 0
Wind Vane 1
Temperature
Ground
5 Volts
ADC 0
ADC 1
ADC 2
Unused*
8
Brown
Ground 5 volts
Ground
* Wind Data Logger revision wind2d and earlier used this pin as ADC 3.
Future revisions may use this pin for other purposes.
Table 1. Pin-out information for ‘anemometer’ and ‘temp & ADC’ connectors.
RS-232 INTERFACE
The Wind Data Logger provides RS-232 level serial signals through a screw terminal connector. The connector is located
in the middle of the Wind Data Logger circuit board and is labeled “RS-232” (Fig. 4). The terminals accept 0.08 to 1.5
2
mm (28 to 16 AWG) wire. The wire insulation should be stripped back 5.5 mm (0.21 in). You will need to supply the
wire and connector(s) for your application. A #1 flat head (-) screw driver is needed to tighten the terminals.
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APRS World Wind Data Logger
There are a multitude of serial configurations in use, but the two most common configurations are for connecting to a
computer and connecting to a communications device, such as a modem (Table 2). A handheld computer can be wired
as either, so some research or experimentation may be necessary.
Data
Logger
Terminal
TX
RX
Description
Connect to a
Connect to a
Computer (DTE)
Transmit from data logger
Receive to data logger
Modem (DCE)
DE-9
DB-25
DE-9
DB-25
2
3
3
2
3
2
2
3
GND
Ground
5
7
5
7
Table 2. Data logger RS-232 serial configurations for connecting to a computer or modem.
ANEMOMETER CALIBRATI ON
The Wind Data Logger’s default settings are for the Fascinating / APRS World
anemometer (APRS6500) and miles per hour (MPH). The data logger’s anemometer
settings can be calibrated in the ‘Anemometer Calib’ menu (Fig. 10) within the Main
Setup Menu. The data logger supports any anemometer with a contact closure or
digital switch; however you will have to provide the calibration settings if it is not
shown below. The data logger does not work directly with AC output anemometers.
Anemometer
Type
Fascinating /
APRS World
NRG #40 Hall
Effect
Davis 7911
Units
anemo_m
anemo_b
miles / hour
17580
21
kilometers / hour
28292
34
meters / second
7860
9
miles / hour
17110
8
kilometers / hour
27536
13
meters / second
7650
4
miles / hour
22500
0
kilometers / hour
36120
0
meters / second
10058
0
Figure 12. Anemometer calibration
screen and configuration screens for
a Fascinating Electronics / APRS
World anemometer.
Table 3. Wind Data Logger anemometer calibration values.
Example: To configure the second anemometer channel for an NRG #40 Hall Effect anemometer in meters per second,
we would set anemo_m to 007650 and anemo_b to 004.
CONVERTING ANEMOMETER P ULSE COUNT TO AVERAGE WIND SPEED
The ‘Wind Pulses’ screen in the Main Display Loop shows the number of anemometer revolutions since the last write to
the memory card. The pulse count information can easily be converted to average wind speed using the following
formula, where the ‘anemo_m’ and ‘anemo_b’ values are obtained from Table 3.
Average Wind Speed = ((WCx/sample_interval) * (anemo_m * 0.0001)) + ( anemo_b * 0.1)
Note: This formula is not applicable for wind pulses (WCx) equal to ‘zero.’
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16
Example using the following snippet of data from the data logger with a Fascinating / APRS World anemometer and a
sampling interval of 100 seconds recording in MPH:
2007-07-14 00:01:53,18.0,19.4,810
As seen in the data snippet above or the reading from the data logger ‘Wind
Pulse’ screen (Fig. 11), WC0 = 810. This information can then be used with the
formula above:
0810
WC0
0000
WC1
0000
WC2
Figure 13: ‘Wind Pulse’ screen
displaying an anemometer pulse
count of 810 revolutions since the last
write to memory.
Average MPH = ((810/100) * (17580*0.0001)) + (21*0.1) = 16.4 MPH
where 17580 is anemo_m and 21 is anemo_b for the Fascinating Electronics / APRS World anemometer in MPH.
USER ADC SETUP
This series of screens allows one to set linear equations for each of the three user
analog input channels. Each linear equation defines the relationship between the
input voltage and a display value. The display value is only used for display on the
two ‘User Analog Input Values’ screens in the Main Display Loop and is not logged.
Only the raw analog to digital converter (ADC) value is logged. Refer to ‘Example of
using Data from Voltage Output Sensors’ in the appendix for an example of
converting the logged raw ADC data into a physical parameter.
User ADC Setup
Prev Set
Next
The ‘User ADC Setup’ consists of three screens (Fig. 12) for each of the three
channels, giving a total of nine screens. These screens allow you to input the m
value (slope) of the linear equation and the b value (y-axis intercept). The linear
equation takes the form of:
V ADC0 Units
Set
±0001.0000 ADC0M
Set
+
±0000.0000 ADC0B
Set
+
+
Figure 14. User ADC setup screens.
output = m * voltage + b
The ▼and ▲ buttons are used to both change each number for the corresponding m and b values as well as to change
the sign of each number. The screen labeled ADCx Units is used to set the single character identifier on the ‘User
Analog Input Value’ screens.
+0002.0000 ADC0M
Example: In the ADC Setup Screen, change the ‘ADC0M’ value to ‘0002.0000, the
‘ADC0B’ value to 0050.0000 and the ADC0 Units screen to ‘X,’ as shown in Figure
13. The corresponding linear equation would be:
-
Set
+
+0050.0000 ADC0B
Set
+
output = 2.0 *voltage + 50
X ADC0 Units
Set
The ‘User Analog Input Values’ screen in the Main Display Loop will change
correspondingly with these values, displaying a voltage of 5.00 in the first ‘A0’
column and 60.00X for display value.
AO:
A1:
17
5.00V
5.00V
+
60.00X
5.000V
Figure 15. Example User ADC Setup
where the ‘m’ value is changed to 2.0,
the ‘b’ value changed to 50, and the
‘Units’ value changed to ‘X’.
APRS World Wind Data Logger
SERIAL DATA FORMAT
The Wind Data Logger sends each data record to the RS-232 port immediately after writing to the memory card. This
record is in the same format as what is stored to the memory card. Each record is terminated with a \r\n (carriage
return, line feed) sequence. The data is sent at the baud rate that was calibrated in the RS-232 Setup Screen. Data is
sent as 8 bits, no parity, and 1 stop bit (8N1). No hardware handshaking is used. The serial port baud rate is set in the
Main Setup menu ‘Serial Port’ menu.
If you are developing parsing code, it is best to ignore three bytes of data when { is the first byte received. Your parser
should also ignore any debugging messages which may begin with #. Normal records will contain only
0123456789,-:\r\n characters, where \r (ASCII 13) is a carriage return and \n (ASCII 10) is a line feed
character.
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18
APPENDICES
CREATING A GRAPH IN MICROSOFT EXCEL
1. Launch Microsoft Excel and in the ‘File’ menu, select Open. You may have to select the file type as ‘text’ or ‘all’ to
find your file. Select the file you wish to analyze; you may have to tell Excel that it is delimited by commas.
2. Upon opening the file, column ‘A’ will display
several ‘#’ symbols. In order to get the date and
time to display, expand the column ‘A’ width by
clicking and dragging on the column bar.
3. Right click on column ‘A’ to highlight the entire
data set in the column. A menu should pop up; in
this menu, click ‘Format Cells.’
4. In the ‘Format Cells’ screen, select ‘Custom’ for the category
and either scroll to or type in ‘hh:mm:ss’ for the t ype. Column
‘A’ should now display only the time.
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APRS World Wind Data Logger
5. Select the data you wish to graph. Refer to the
‘Spreadsheet Field Description’ section of the manual to
view spreadsheet field and data format information if
needed. In this example, we will analyze wind speed
and gust from one anemometer (columns ‘B’ and ‘C’)
over the course of a day. To do this, click and drag the
cursor over columns ‘B’ and ‘C.’ This should highlight all
data in the respective columns.
6.
In the ‘Insert’ menu, go
to ‘Charts’ and create a
line graph. Right click
on the ‘X’ (horizontal)
axis of the line graph and click on ‘Select Data.’ Click ‘Edit’ in
the Horizontal (Category) Axis Labels box. An ‘Axis Labels’
box should pop up allowing you to enter a range of times
(i.e. column ‘A’) corresponding to the data range you wish to
chart. Click ‘OK’ to return to the ‘Select Data Source’
window; the ‘Horizontal (Category) Axis Labels’ box should
now display the times from column
‘A.’ Depending on your application,
you may also wish to switch the
series order or edit series name. In
our application, it was necessary in
order to differentiate between
wind speed and wind gust. Click
‘OK.’
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EXAMPLE OF USING DAT A FROM VOLTAGE OUTPUT SENSORS
External sensors that are connected to the User ADC / analog inputs are logged as raw values representing the sensor
output voltage. The sensor output voltage will represent the physical parameter that is sensed. The transfer function
between physical parameter (e.g. temperature) and voltage is unique to each sensor and will be supplied by the sensor
manufacturer. Typically this transfer function is a linear equation that converts from voltage to physical parameter.
In the example below we will demonstrate how to convert raw temperature and relative humidity sensor data to
degrees Celsius and % relative humidity using Microsoft Excel. We will also demonstrate how to graph the resulting
data.
The temperature sensor is connected the Wind Data Logger User ADC 0 which corresponds to column ‘Q’ in Excel. The
relative humidity sensor is connected to User ADC 1 which corresponds to column ‘R’ in Excel.
In our example we are using an APRS World temperature and relative humidity sensor (APRS6554). As per our
instructions, the following formulas are used to convert from voltage to temperature and relative humidity:
Temperature °C=39.394*Vin - 30.0 and % Relative Humidity=30.303*Vin
1.
Columns ‘Q’ and ‘R’ display the raw
data for temperature and relative
humidity respectively. To get these
data into readable format, first create
new columns for each of these
variables in the Excel worksheet, as
displayed in columns ‘X’ and ‘Y’ to the
right.
2.
To convert the raw temperature data
into degrees C, you will need to use
the following formula in Excel:
=((5/1023)*Q2)*39.394-30
where the first part of the equation (in
yellow) is converting the raw
temperature data (from column Q)
into volts, and the second part of the
equation (in blue) is converting the
voltage into temperature in degrees C.
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APRS World Wind Data Logger
3.
Next, convert the raw relative
humidity data into percent relative
humidity using the following formula:
= ((5/1023)*R2)*30.303
where the first part of the equation is
converting the raw relative humidity
data (from column R) into volts, and
the second part of the equation is
converting the voltage into percent
relative humidity.
4.
Next, select the two
boxes with the new
values for
temperature and
relative humidity, and
drag the cursor down
until it captures all of
the cells in the data
set. This transfers the
formulas to each cell
in columns ‘X’ and ‘Y’
that have a
corresponding value
in columns ‘Q’ and
‘R’, thus resulting in usable temperature and relative
humidity data for all of the raw data in the spreadsheet.
5.
To graph the new temperature and relative humidity
data, go to ‘Insert’ and select the type of graph you wish
to plot (typically a line graph is suitable for most
applications).
If all of the formulas were implemented correctly, the
resulting graph should reflect data corresponding to
temperature in degrees C and percent relative humidity.
Refer to step 6 in the previous section (Creating a Graph
in Microsoft Excel) for assistance in changing the ‘X’
(horizontal) axis to time.
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WIND DATA LOGGER MOUNTING TEMPLATE
Additional copies of this diagram can be downloaded from:
http://www.aprsworld.com/wind2/documents/
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APRS World Wind Data Logger
SPECIFICATIONS
SENSORS
ANEMOMETER
Three digital anemometer inputs
Supports dry contact switch, hall effect switch, or TTL level signal
RC low pass filter on each input (fc=159 Hz)
Inputs pulled to 5 volts with internal 4.7k resistor
Capable of displaying and logging in miles per hour (MPH), meters per second (m/s), kilometers per
hour (KPH)
WIND VANE
Two analog inputs support either one dual wiper potentiometer or one single wiper potentiometer type
wind vane
Accessible through RJ-45 connector marked "ANEMOMETER"
Displays 0° to 359°
ANALOG INPUTS
Three channels
0 to 5 volt range
10 bit analog to digital converter, 4.9 mV precision
Internal 5 volt 1% band gap voltage reference
RC low pass on all inputs (fc=159 Hz)
User configurable linear functions for displaying real units as well as voltage
Accessible through RJ-45 connector marked "TEMP & ADC"
REAL-TIME CLOCK
+-10 minutes per year accuracy
Battery: CR1225 / BR1225, 3 volt lithium, 48mAh
Battery life: 9 years minimum, 17 years typical
Leap year compensation
Accurate calendar until year 2099
INTERFACES
OPERATOR INTERFACE
16 character by 2 line LCD display
Backlight with automatic or manual shutoff
Adjustable contrast
Three momentary buttons
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LOGGING AND STORAGE
Logs at 10 to 16,000 second intervals
Secure Digital™ or Multi Media Card™
Supports 128 megabyte or smaller cards
Data files in Comma Separated Vertical (CSV). Can be used with spreadsheet software, databases, or
custom software
One data file per calendar day
Approximately 100 bytes of data per record. Over one year of storage possible on 128 megabyte
memory card.
RS-232 INTERFACE
EIA/TIA-232 voltage levels
2
Three position screw terminals connector. Accepts 0.08 to 1.5 mm (28-16 AWG) wire. Strip length, 5.5
mm (0.21 in)
1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200 baud rates, 8 bits, no stop bit, 1 parity bit (8N1)
No hardware handshaking
Accessible through connector marked "RS-232"
Outputs raw data logger record in same format as written to memory card
Selectable output for Automatic Packet Reporting System (APRS) weather and user defined packets
through attached TNC or KISS TNC
#1 flat screw driver required
ELECTRICAL, MECHANICAL, AND REGULATORY
POWER
7 to 40 volts DC
2.1 x 5.5 mm power jack
0.35 watts peak power while writing to SD card
0.20 watts with backlight on
0.16 watts with backlight off
All sensors inputs have Transient Voltage Suppression (TVS) protection
MOUNTING
Mounts into double gang electrical box or custom panel
Includes four stainless steel #6-32 x 3/4 in mounting screws and four stainless steel #6-32 lock nuts
#2 Phillips (+) screw driver required
WEIGHT AND DIMENSIONS
Weight: 136 gram (4.8 oz)
Overall Dimensions: 116 mm wide, 114 mm tall, 37 mm deep (4.55 x 4.5 x 1.475 in)
Dimensions behind bezel: 96 mm wide, 70 mm tall, 33 mm deep (3.775 x 2.765 x 1.285 in)
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APRS World Wind Data Logger
MATERIALS
Bezel: Aluminum, powder coated with printed polycarbonate overlay
Circuit board: FR-4, 1.6mm (0.062 in), double sided, plated through holes, solder mask, silk screen
Hardware: stainless steel and Nylon
REGULATORY COMPLIANCE
RoHS compliant, no lead used in manufacture
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