Operating Instructions
MAICO MI 44
Operating Instructions MI 44
Table of Contents
Page
1 Introduction .......................................................................................... 4
2 Description ............................................................................................ 5
2.1 Purpose ........................................................................................... 5
2.1.1 PC-Interface: ............................................................................. 5
2.1.2 Environmental conditions for the MI 44...................................... 5
2.2 Tympanometry ................................................................................ 5
2.3 Acoustic Reflex ................................................................................ 6
3 Getting started ...................................................................................... 8
3.1 Unpacking....................................................................................... 8
3.2 Connect probe ................................................................................ 8
3.3 Connect Mains Cable and Accessories.............................................. 9
3.4 Switch the instrument on................................................................. 9
3.5 Getting familiar with the MI 44 ...................................................... 10
3.6 The display of the MI 44 ................................................................ 11
3.7 Calibrate the probe ....................................................................... 13
3.8 Getting familiar with the probe ...................................................... 14
3.9 Choose an appropriate ear tip........................................................ 15
4 How to create a Tympanogram ............................................................ 17
4.1 The basics of the impedance measurement .................................... 17
4.2 Training of the test person ............................................................. 18
4.3 Preparing the measurement ........................................................... 19
4.4 Measuring the Tympanogram ........................................................ 20
4.5 How to evaluate the Tympanogram display .................................... 21
4.6 How to print out the test result ...................................................... 22
4.7 How to delete the test results ........................................................ 23
5. Advanced Impedance Possibilities ........................................................ 24
5.1 Measurement with high frequency probe tone ............................... 24
5.2 Manual pump control .................................................................... 25
6. How to measure the Stapedius reflex .................................................. 28
6.1 The basics of the Stapedius reflex measurement ............................. 28
6.2 Training the test person ................................................................. 29
Operating Instructions MI 44
6.3 Preparing the ipsilateral measurement ............................................ 29
6.4 Doing the ipsilateral measurement ................................................. 31
6.5 Preparing the contralateral measurement ....................................... 32
6.6 How to interpret the reflex display ................................................. 32
6.7 How to print out the test result ...................................................... 34
7 Reflex Decay Test Operation ................................................................ 35
8 Eustachian Tube Test Operation ........................................................... 38
8.1 ETF test for patients with intact TM ................................................ 38
8.2 ETF test for patients with perforated TM ........................................ 40
9 Interpreting Test Results....................................................................... 42
9.1 Understanding the printout ........................................................... 42
9.2 Interpreting the tympanometric test result ...................................... 42
9.3 Abnormal Values ........................................................................... 43
10 How to test children .......................................................................... 45
11 Recommended literature.................................................................... 46
12 Individual Setup of the MI 44 ............................................................. 47
12.1 The setup menu .......................................................................... 47
12.2 The Tympanogram Setup Menu ................................................... 48
12.3 The Setup menu for Reflex Test.................................................... 50
12.4 The Common Setup Menu ........................................................... 51
12.5 Insert your personal printout data ................................................ 53
13 Care and maintenance of the instrument ........................................... 54
13.1 Cleaning of Probe Tip .................................................................. 54
14 Disinfection ....................................................................................... 57
15 How to change the printer paper ....................................................... 58
16 Warranty, Maintenance and Service ................................................... 59
17 Safety Regulations ............................................................................. 60
17.1 Electrical Safety: .......................................................................... 60
17.2 Measuring security: ..................................................................... 60
Operating Instructions MI 44
17.3 Device control: ............................................................................ 60
17.4 Operation: ................................................................................... 60
17.5 Patient Safety: ............................................................................. 60
18 Checklist for subjective device control ................................................ 62
19 Technical Data and Accessories .......................................................... 63
Operating Instructions MI 44
1 Introduction
Thank you very much for purchasing a quality product from the MAICO
family. This automatic Tympanometer MAICO MI 44 is manufactured to
meet all quality and safety requirements, and has been certified with the CE
symbol according to Medical Directive 93/42/EEC. Please note: This medical
instrument should only be operated by skilled personnel.
In designing the MAICO MI 44 we placed particular importance in making it
a user-friendly device, meaning its operation is simple and easy to
understand. And because all functions are software controlled, upgrading
later to new, extended measurement functions will be simple and
inexpensive. That means that you have invested in a device that will adjust
to your future needs.
This user manual should make it as easy as possible for you to become
familiar with the functions of the MAICO MI 44. Please open out the flap of
illustrations on the last page. The description of the position (e.g. ) of
controls, displays and connections, found again in the text, will make it
easier for you to learn how to operate the MAICO MI 44.
If you have problems or have ideas for further improvements, please get in
touch with us. Simply call.
Your MAICO-team
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
4
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
2 Description
2.1 Purpose
The MI 44 is an automatic instrument designed for efficient middle ear
examination. Tests include automatic and manual pump control,
tympanometry with selectable pressure ranges and pump speeds, ipsi- and
contralateral reflex tests and reflex decay. Eustachian Tube Function may be
performed on patients with intact or perforated eardrums. Test results are
displayed on the front panel LCD (liquid crystal display) screen and may be
printed.
The MI 44 performs all impedance screening functions and offers a
complete middle ear function screening.
The design of the MI 44 allows fast and reliable measurements.
2.1.1 PC-Interface:
An USB-interface for data transfer to a connected computer is built in.
The MAICO MI 44 is laid out according to the EN of 60 601-1
„medically electrical devices “. In order to ensure this also with
attached computer, the computer must correspond to the
EN 60 601-1. If not, please look to chapter 17.5 Patient safety.
2.1.2 Environmental conditions for the MI 44
The MI 44 should be operated in a quiet room.
The test room must be at normal temperature, usually 15° C / 59° F to
35°C / 95° F, and the instrument should be switched on about 10 minutes
before the first measurement to guarantee precise measuring results. If the
device has been cooled down (e.g. during transport), please wait until it has
warmed up to room temperature.
2.2 Tympanometry
Tympanometry is the objective measurement of middle ear mobility
(compliance) and pressure within the middle ear system. During the test, a
low-pitched probe tone (226 Hz) is presented to the ear canal by means of
the hand-held probe. This tone is used to measure the change in
compliance in the middle ear system while the air pressure is varied
automatically from a positive value (+200 daPa) to a negative value (-400
daPa max.).
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
5
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
Maximum compliance of the middle ear system occurs when the pressure in
the middle ear cavity is equal to the pressure in the external auditory canal.
This is the highest peak of the curve as it is recorded on the chart. The
position of the peak on the horizontal axis and on the vertical axis of the
chart will provide diagnostic information regarding the function of the
middle ear system. Examples of normal and abnormal tympanograms can
be found in a later section of this manual.
musculus
stapedius
Gradient calculations are
reported
as
the
Tympanogram width at half
of peak compliance expressed
in daPa. A ”limits” box is
available on both the display
and printout to aid in
diagnosis.
hearing
nerve
middle
ear
bones
ear canal
cochlea
ear drum
middle ear
Compliance is measured with
respect to an equivalent
volume of air, with the
scientific quantity milliliter
(ml). Air is measured in decaPascals (daPa).
eustachian tube
Figure 1 the middle ear
NOTE: 1.02 mmH2O = 1.0 daPa.
2.3 Acoustic Reflex
An acoustic reflex, or contraction of the stapedial muscle, occurs under
normal conditions when a sufficiently intense sound is presented to the
auditory pathway. This contraction of the muscle causes a stiffening of the
ossicular chain which changes the compliance of the middle ear system. As
in Tympanometry, a probe tone is used to measure this change in
compliance.
When the stimulus presentation and measurement are made in the same
ear by means of the probe, this acoustical reflex is referred to as an
ipsilateral acoustic reflex. When the stimulus presentation and
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
6
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
measurement are made in opposite ears, the reflex is referred to as a contra
lateral acoustic reflex.
For best results, this reflex measurement is automatically conducted at the
air pressure value where the compliance peak occurred during the
tympanometric test. Stimulus tones of varying intensities at 500, 1000,
2000 or 4000 Hz are presented as short bursts. If a change in compliance
greater than 0.05 ml is detected, a reflex is considered present. Because this
is an extremely small compliance change, any movement of the probe
during the test may produce an artifact (false response). The level at which
a reflex occurs is recorded as a number, as PASS/FAIL and in graph form.
If the tympanometric results display any abnormal findings, the results of
the acoustic reflex testing may be inconclusive and should be interpreted
with care. If a ”flat” tympanogram is observed, showing a non-mobile
middle ear system, the MI 44 will not perform an acoustic reflex test.
Theoretically, a compliance peak is necessary to observe a reflex at peak
pressure.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
7
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
3 Getting started
Your MI 44 was carefully inspected and packed for shipping. However, it is
good practice to thoroughly inspect the outside of the shipping container
for signs of damage. If any damage is noted, please notify the carrier
immediately.
3.1 Unpacking
Save all the original packing material and the shipping container so
the instrument can be properly packaged if it needs to be returned
for service or calibration.
Please check that all accessories listed below are received in good condition.
If any accessories are missing or damaged, immediately notify your MAICO
Special Instrument Distributor.
Accessories
1 Diagnostic probe
1 Screening probe insert
1 Shoulder strap for diagnostic probe
1 Contraphone with headband and probe hold
24-count eartips kit:
(4) yellow, 7 mm
(4) green, 9 mm
(4) white, 11 mm
(4) yellow, 13 mm
(4) green, 15 mm
(4) blue, 18 mm
Thermal printer paper (1 roll)
Calibration test cavity
Main cable
Connector Cover
3.2 Connect probe
Connect the probe cable to socket  on the rear of
the instrument. Insert the plug into the socket and
protect the connection by fastening the two screws of
the connector.
Insert the pressure tube into the socket ♦and press it
until it has a safe fit on the socket.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
8
Figure 2
Diagnostic probe
with additional
screening probe tip
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
  
Figure 3 Connectors at the rear of the MI 44
♣= mains connection socket
 = probe connection socket
 = contra receiver socket
♦= probe tube connection
 = USB PC-interface
3.3 Connect Mains Cable and Accessories
Put the enclosed mains cable into the power connection socket  and its
mains plug into a power socket. The instrument is now operational.
Your MI 44 is equipped with a contra receiver. Plug the cable in the contra
receiver socket .
3.4 Switch the instrument on
Switch the mains switch  on. The LCD display  shows for a moment the
instrument type and the software version. Then the basic measuring figure
appears. The MI 44 should be switched on about 10 minutes before the
first measurement to guarantee precise measuring results. If the device has
been cooled down (e.g. during transport), please wait until it has warmed
up to room temperature.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
9
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
3.5 Getting familiar with the MI 44
Figure 4 the controls of the MI 44
 = Print key
 = Reflex measurement off/ipsi/contra
ipsi+contra/Setting of high probe tone
 = Left (cursor control)
 = Right (cursor control)
 = Enter
 = Reflex Decay key
=
=
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
Right/left ear key
TYMP-key
Menu key
Down (cursor control)
Up (cursor control)
Power switch
ETF key
The use of the extended functions is described in chapter 12
“Individual Setup of the MI 44".
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
10
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
3.6 The display of the MI 44
The test result is shown during the measurement on the LCD display. The
measurements are saved automatically and can be printed out in a fast and
quiet way with the integrated printer.
In figure 5 the initial empty
Impedance
Right
Ipsi
measurement screen is shown. The
Status
ml
3
READY
measurement screen shows actual
Ear Volume
settings, test results and the
2
graphical
display
of
the
Compliance
1
tympanogram and reflexes.
Pressure
The top line shows from left to the
0
Gradient
-600 -300
300 daPa
right the type of test (in example
figure 5 Impedance), the selected
1
2
3
4
test ear left or right and the
80
80
80
80
500 Hz I
1000 Hz I
2000 Hz I
4000 Hz I
selected reflex test “ipsi”, “contra”
AUTO
dB
or “Tympanogram” if no reflex test
Figure 5 the measurement screen of the MI 44
is selected.
At the left centre the graph of the tympanogram is shown. At the right five
boxes show the status and test values.
The upper box shows the actual status of the instrument:
READY means that the instrument is ready for testing
IN EAR shows that the probe is inserted in the ear
TESTING means that the test is in progress
BLOCKED means that probe is blocked in the ear
LEAKING indicates that the air seal of the ear tip in the ear is not
proper
When the test is finished, the boxes below show the volume of the ear
canal, the compliance, the pressure at maximum compliance and the
gradient of the tympanogram.
The four boxes below the tympanogram, marked 1 to 4, show the
graphical reflex curves after the test. Below each box the test level and the
test frequency are shown. After the frequency an “I” shows the ipsilateral
testing is selected.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
11
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
At the bottom line in figure 5 the word “AUTO” and  dB Scale is shown.
It means that the reflex test level increases automatically until a reflex was
found or the maximum level is reached. With the cursor up button  or
down button  the test level can be changed to a fixed level. The dB values
below the boxes change accordingly. It is possible to have fixed levels from
70 dB to 100 dB and AUTO.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
12
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
3.7 Calibrate the probe
With the calibration test cavity you can adjust your impedance with
measuring instrument. Do the same when you change the probe (from
screening probe to diagnostic probe and vice versa). The calibration is very
easy and takes only 20 seconds.
Main Menu
Press the menu key  and the main
menu (figure 6) appears on the LCD
display . Select the menu option
Calibration with the Down button .
Press Enter  and follow the instructions
on the LCD display , as shown in
Figure 7.
Tympanometrie :
Caibration:
Setup :
Change item
ENTER Select item
Put the probe tip  without ear tip into
the hole of the test cavity labeled 0.5 ml
and wait. When the text on the display
Figure 6
 changes to the request for the 2 ml
Display MI 24 Main Menu
calibration put the probe tip  in the 2
ml cavity and proceed as described above. After the successful calibration
of the 5 ml volume the MI 44 switches automatically to the tympanometry
mode. The basic menu for the impedance measurement appears again and
you are ready for measurements.
If the error information Cavity
calibration out of range appears
during the calibration please control if
the opening of the probe tip  is clean
and try to recalibrate the probe. For
more information about cleaning the
probe also read Chapter 13: Cleaning
the probe.
If the error information appears again,
the probe or the instrument is probably
defect. Inform your service to get
immediate help.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
13
Calibration
Place the probe in the .5 ml cavity
Figure 7 Display MI 44 Calibration
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
3.8 Getting familiar with the probe
The probe of the MI 44 is shown
in figure 8. The probe head is
X
E
R
E E
S
adjustable in three steps (0°, 60°
und 80°). It is adjusted by
releasing the fixation screw
(Figure 9 ) at the bottom of
the probe a few turns, using a
P
E
M
E
O
E
N
E
Q
E
coin or a screw driver. Adjust the
Figure 8 MI 44 probe with additional screening
probe head  by pulling it into probe tip 
the required position until it
rests. To do this hold the probe
handle  with the other hand. After it is set to the required position fasten
the fixation screw  again.

Notice! To avoid damages on the sensitive measuring
equipment, only bent the probe toward fixation screw!
Figure 9
Transforming the Probe from Handheld to Clinical and Reverse:
To exchange the probe insert press the release button  the probe with a
tool or a pen. Remove the screening probe insert.
Insert the diagnostic probe insert  into the probe head . Please
recognize the right position of the connector of the diagnostic probe insert
. Press the diagnostic probe insert  into the probe head  until it
fastens.
Note! The squared hole in the probe connection should face in the same
direction as the push-button.
Control lights and Display
The probe button  can be used to select the required test ear. The colour
of the control light  changes accordingly to red (right ear) or blue (left
ear). If selected in the setup menu pressing the probe button  during
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
14
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
operation pauses also the test.
The colour of the control light  of the probe indicates in standby the
selected ear and in operation the fitting of the probe in the auditory canal:
A red control light  indicates that the right ear is selected. The system is
ready for measurements. As soon as you have put the probe into the
auditory canal the control light  lights green. Now the test runs off. Do
not change the position of the probe any more until the green control light
 is going out indicating the end of the measurement.
A blue control light  indicates that the left ear is selected. The system is
ready for measurements. As soon as you have put the probe into the
auditory canal the control light  lights green. Now the test runs off. Do
not change the position of the probe any more until the green control light
 is going out indicating the end of the measurement.
A yellow control light  indicates an error. The kind of the error is indicated
on the LCD-display  under status:
LEAKING: The ear tip does not make the auditory canal airtight. Change the
position of the probe until the control light  lights green. If you are not
successful use a bigger ear tip.
BLOCKED: Indicates the seal of the probe opening. Change the position of
the probe which points maybe at the side of the auditory canal until the
control light  lights green. If you are not successful please check if the
probe is blocked with ear wax.
The complete probe insert can be changed by pressing the release button
 and removing the probe insert.
If the probe tip  is clogged you can remove it by opening the fixation ring
. After cleaning of the probe tip  or selection of a new one, the tip must
be fixed again by fastening the fixation ring .
3.9 Choose an appropriate ear tip
Choose an ear tip of the appropriate size from the ear tip set. Put the ear
tip tightly on the probe tip. The probe tip should close up with the end of
the ear tip. It should not disappear with more than about 1 mm in the ear
tip or just out of the ear tip.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
15
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
By choosing an appropriate ear tip and placing it correctly on the probe you
create the basic conditions for measurements without problems and
mistakes.
Now all preparations are concluded and you can start the impedance and
reflex measurement. Please read the following chapters.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
16
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
4 How to create a Tympanogram
In the following paragraph we will deal shortly with the principle and the
background of the impedance measurement to create a better
understanding. If you want to begin the measurements immediately just
skip this paragraph and continue reading with 4.3 Preparing the
measurements.
4.1 The basics of the impedance measurement
The impedance measurement
musculus
serves the diagnosis of the
stapedius
hearing
nerve
condition of the middle ear and
middle
can therefore not be compared
ear
bones
directly with other audiometrical
tests such as sound or speech
ear canal
audiometry which serve the
cochlea
ear drum
measurement of the hearing.
middle ear
Furthermore the impedance
measurement is an objective
eustachian tube
measuring method which does
not depend on the cooperation
Figure 10
of the test person and can
The middle ear
therefore not be falsified by him.
The two most important impedance measuring methods possible with your
MI 44 are Tympanometry and the measurement of the Stapedius reflex
which is treated in chapter 6. “How to measure the stapedius reflex”.
The
impedance
measurement
examines the acoustic resistance of the
middle ear. If the eardrum is hit by a
sound a part is absorbed and sent via
the middle ear to the inner ear while
the other part is reflected. The stiffer
the eardrum is the more sound is
reflected and the less sound reaches
the inner ear. In the probe of the
impedance measuring instrument a
small loudspeaker is installed which
emits a sound of low frequency via a
tube A (see Figure 11) into the
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
17
Figure 11 – Principle of impedance measurement
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
auditory canal before the eardrum. Another tube B is connected with the
microphone in the probe which receives the sound. Both tubes are lead
together with tube C nearly to the eardrum and are made airtight against
the outside pressure by the ear tip. A manometer and a pump which can
produce both over- and under-pressure are connected with tube C. The less
sound is reflected by the eardrum to the microphone the more stiff the
eardrum is and with it the middle ear - the eardrum transmits the biggest
part of the sound via the middle ear to the inner ear. The highest
compliance is normally reached with an air pressure corresponding to the
outside pressure.
When performing Tympanometry during a
measurement a continuous change of overand under-pressure is performed by the
pump of the instrument in the outer
auditory canal before the eardrum which is
sealed by the ear tip in addition to the
measurement with normal pressure. The
compliance is measured simultaneously and
shown in a diagram, the Tympanogram, Figure 12 – Tympanogram (normal curve
area is hatched)
which illustrates the compliance in ml over
the pressure in daPa. In figure 12 the area
for normal Tympanogram curves is hatched. Here you can see that the
highest compliance is reached with normal pressure. When you create overor under-pressure the eardrum stiffens - the compliance decreases. So you
can draw conclusions on the condition of the middle ear from the form and
the values of the Tympanogram.
4.2 Training of the test person
Explain to the test person that the measurement is painless,
that nothing gets into the auditory canal and that he does
not have to answer when he hears the faint and deep test
sound and the pressure in the auditory canal changes. In no
case the test person should swallow, chew or move his
head during the measurement.
Figure 13
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
18
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
4.3 Preparing the measurement
Before you start a new
Impedance
Right
Tympanogram
measurement,
delete
former test results (see
Status
ml
also chapter 4.7.) The
3
READY
LCD display shows the
Ear Volume
2
empty
measurement
Compliance
screen for the right ear
1
and the control light of
Pressure
the probe lights red. If
0
you want to measure
Gradient
-600 -300
300 daPa
the left ear change the
side by pressing the
L/R-key or the probe
Figure 14 - Measurement screen (only Tympanogram)
button . Then the
selected test ear shown
in the middle of the top
of the LCD display 
will change from Right
to Left and the control
light  of the probe
lights blue. Switch off
the reflex measurement
by
pressing
the
REFLEX-key . The
word
Tympanometry
must appear at the
right top of the display
. Control if the
Figure 15 - Measurement screen hightone
auditory canal is free.
Choose the right ear tip
according to the size of
the auditory canal and put it firmly onto the probe tip.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
19
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
4.4 Measuring the Tympanogram
Take hold of the top of the outer ear and pull it back. Insert the probe with
the ear tip into the auditory canal until the control light  of the probe is
green. In order to start the test press the Enter button  and the control
light in the probe is lighting permanently green. The status in the display
changes to “Testing”. Do not move the probe until the green light goes
out; the patient may not swallow or speak during the measurement. During
the test you can watch on the LCD display how at first the Tympanogram is
written on the left side and then how the values are put down on the right
side. After about 4-5 seconds the test is completed, the green light turns
off. Now you can remove the probe from the ear.
If an error occurs during the measurement the test is stopped. If leakage
occurs, the control light  of the probe lights yellow and the display 
under status “LEAKING" is reported. If the probe is blocked, the control
light  of the probe lights yellow and at the display  shows under status
“BLOCKED". Please proceed as described in chapter 3.8 “Getting familiar
with the probe”. If you want to measure the other ear, too, change the
side by pressing the L/R-key  or the probe button  and repeat the
measuring procedure described above with the other ear.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
20
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
4.5 How to evaluate the Tympanogram display
After having carried out
Right
Tympanogram
a measurement you can
Tymp 1000 Hz
see the results on the
Status
ml
LCD display.
3
READY
On the left side of the
Ear Volume
display you see the
2
0.94 ml
Tympanogram.
The
Compliance
area surrounded by the
0.81 ml
1
box
is
valid
for
Pressure
- 37 daPa
0
“normal”
Gradient
Tympanograms.
You
-600 -300
300 daPa
32 daPa
can change the area or
switch it off. For details
see
chapter
Figure 16 Display of a 1000 Hz Tympanogram
12“Individual Setup of
the MI 44". In the
middle of the top of the LCD display  the word Right or Left indicates
the ear chosen at the moment.
Tympanogram at the right top indicates that the reflex measurement has
been switched off.
In the boxes at the right the determined measurements are displayed:
- Ear Volume indicates the volume of the section of the auditory canal
between the ear tip and the eardrum in ml (in the example 0.94 ml).
- Compliance indicates the maximum value of the compliance from the
Tympanogram in ml (in the example 0.81 ml).
- Pressure indicates the pressure with the highest measured Compliance (in
the example -37 daPa).
- Gradient calculations are reported as the Tympanogram width at half of
peak compliance expressed in daPa (in the example 32 daPa).
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
21
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
4.6 How to print out the test result
After the end of a test you can print
out the results for your records by
pressing the PRINT button . The
quiet thermal printer prints out the
example used in the previous
paragraph 4.5 in only 6 seconds.
While the printer is working no key
action is possible and the probe is
inactive. Figure 17 shows the
printout:
Id No.: Here you can put down the
patients social Id number.
Date: Here the actual test date can
be stated.
Name: Here you can put down the
patients name.
Examiner: State here the reference
for the test person.
Remarks: Additional information
about the test or patient can be
stated here.
MAICO MI 44
Id No.:
Date:
Name:
Examiner:
Remarks:
Tympanogram
Right
3
ml
2
0.94 ml
1
0.81 ml
0
- 37 daPa
-600
-300
Ear Volume
Compliance
Pressure
Gradient
300 daPa
32 daPa
0.94 ml
0.81 ml
-37 daPa
31 daPa
Figure 17 – Printout of Tympanogram
All
other
values
and
the
Tympanogram correspond to those you have seen on the LCD display and
which were explained on the previous page under 4.5.
The “intelligent” printer control helps you to save paper. It will only print
out what has really been measured. So the printout of the reflex
frequencies misses in the example above because only the Tympanogram
was measured.
If you have saved two Tympanograms (for example for both the left and the
right ear) both are printed out side by side.
You can produce as many printouts as you want by pressing several times
the PRINT button .
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
22
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
4.7 How to delete the test results
By pressing the R/L-key  longer the measurement memory will be
deleted. On the LCD-display  the message “Delete all Data?” occurs.
Press the ENTER button  to delete all patient data. Then the LCD display
shows an empty measurement screen.
If you press the MENU button  you return to the measurement screen
without deleting the measurement data.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
23
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
5. Advanced Impedance Possibilities
In addition to the standard 226 Hz probe tone tympanometry, the MI 44
has a high frequency probe tone of 678 Hz, 800 Hz or 1000 Hz that can be
selected by the user. A tympanogram recorded using the high probe tone is
generally better suited for screening newborns and provides more accurate
results for those subjects.
5.1 Measurement with high frequency probe tone
When the instrument is switched on, it automatically powers-up in the
standard tympanometry mode. In order to choose tympanometry with high
probe tone, press the Tymptone button .
The screen for high probe tone tympanometry looks very similar to the
normal tympanometry mode, however the following differences will appear
on the screen:
● The scaling is now measured in mmho
● The pre-selected frequency is displayed in the upper left hand side of
the screen. The High frequency 678 Hz, 800 Hz or 1000 Hz will selected
in the Setup menu 12.2 (Tympanogram Setup Menu)
● The tympanometry test with high probe tones is performed in the exact
same way as a normal tympanometry test.
It is possible to perform normal tympanometry and high probe tone
tympanometry in one test session and print the results for comparison.
When the first tympanometry curve has been drawn, press the Tymp tone
key for two seconds to switch to high probe tone tympanometry. Now the
next curve will be drawn automatically. Press Print and a printout
presenting both curves will appear.
Note: It is not possible to perform reflex tests on the basis of a high
probe tone tympanogram.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
24
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
5.2 Manual pump control
In addition to the automatic
features the MI 44 offers a
manual control of pump speed
and pressure for advanced
diagnostic.
To switch from Standard to
Manual Mode press the key
PUMP. To get back into
Tympanometry Mode press either
PUMP or TYMP. The display will
look as shown in figure 18a. To
display the measurement curve on
the display, choose Record On by
the  Key before you start
measuring.
Figure 18a: Display in Manual Mode
Compensated Mode
Curves can be displayed in two
different versions. MI 44 can be set
to either Compensated Mode or
Uncompensated Mode (see figure
18b) by pressing the key MENU.
Compensated Mode is used when
you want the tympanometric curve
to be displayed at the floor of the
coordinate
system
of
the
tympanogram. (See figure 18a).
Figure 18b: Uncompensated Mode
Non Compensated Mode is used
when you want the tympanometric
curve to be displayed including the ear canal volume.
Status
Here you can see the actual status of the measurement as in the
tympanometric standard mode.
Pump Speed
There are four different pump speed settings:
Minimum (17 daPa/sec.): slow, very precise results
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
25
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
-
Medium (50 daPa/sec.): compromise of speed and precision
Maximum (>150 daPa/sec.): fast, screening
Automatic (Dynamic from 150 daPa/sec. for low gradient and 50
daPa for a gradient larger than 5)
A slow speed is more time consuming, but may give more detailed
information.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
26
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
To change the pump speed, choose Tymp Mode by pressing the Tymp Key.
Within the Tymp Mode activate MENU and select SETUP with  and
confirm with ENTER. Now choose Tympanogram Setup and select Pump
Speed to change within the pump speed setting.
Pressure
For advanced diagnostic measurements the manual change of the pressure
from + to - gives more detailed information about a possible lesion of the
eardrum. The pressure can be varied by left and right arrow keys.
Record
To display the measuring results choose Record On before you start
measuring.
Print
There is only memory allocated to store the last curve. To get a printout of
the screen hold the PRINT key for two seconds.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
27
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
6. How to measure the Stapedius reflex
6.1 The basics of the Stapedius reflex measurement
While the Tympanometry method measures the change of the compliance
caused by changing pressure in the outer auditory canal, the Stapedius
reflex measurement works with a changing compliance caused by
contraction of the Stapedius muscle in the middle ear. The contraction called Stapedius reflex - causes a decrease in compliance and is caused by
loud
acoustic
stimuli.
musculus
Regardless whether the
stapedius
hearing
acoustic stimulus is active
nerve
on the left or on the right
middle
or on both sides the
ear
bones
Stapedius reflex is always
binaural, i.e. it occurs in
ear canal
both ears at the same
cochlea
time.
ear drum
The Stapedius reflex is
middle ear
caused in ears of adults
with normal hearing by
eustachian tube
sine sounds with sound
Figure 19 The middle ear
pressure levels between 70
and 105 dB.
The reflex method measures continuously in one
ear, the “probe ear”, the compliance with the
pressure which caused before the highest
compliance. Simultaneously the “stimulus ear” is
irritated by the sound which causes the contraction
of the Stapedius muscle.
The ipsilateral reflex measurement uses the same
ear for the probe and the stimulus. The contralateral measurement uses different ears for the
probe and the stimulus. The acoustic stimulus is
offered to the ear opposite to the “probe ear”.
Figure 20 Ipsilateral test
Figure 21 Contra lateral test
If the offered stimulus causes a reflex the impedance measuring instrument
registers a decrease in compliance in the “probe ear” which indicates a
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
28
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
Stapedius reflex at the actual test frequency and the test level. The test level
which was set when the reflex occurred is called reflex threshold and is
shown in dBHL (dB hearing loss).
6.2 Training the test person
In addition to the general introduction described in chapter 4.2 you should
explain to the test person that loud test sounds will occur during the reflex
measurement. It is very important that the patient does not move his head
at all because a reflex can be registered already with a change of
compliance of 0.05 ml.
6.3 Preparing the ipsilateral measurement
The LCD display shows the empty Tympanogram for the right ear and the
control light  of the probe lights red.
If you want to measure the left
ear change the side by pressing
the L/R-key  or the probe
button . Then the selected
test ear shown in the middle of
the top of the LCD display 
will change from Right to Left
and the control light  of the
probe lights blue.
Impedance
3
Right
Ipsi
Status
READY
ml
Ear Volume
2
Compliance
1
Pressure
0
-600
1
-300
2
80
Gradient
300 daPa
3
80
4
80
80
500 Hz I
1000 Hz I
2000 Hz I
4000 Hz I
Switch the reflex measurement
AUTO
dB
on by pressing the REFLEX-key
Figure 22 Display Tympanogram + Reflex
. The word Ipsi must appear
(ready for measurement)
at the right top of the display
. The sound stimuli for the reflex measurement are reproduced by the
receiver integrated in the probe.
Set the desired volume level with the Down-key  respectively the Up-key
. On the LCD display  below the reflex boxes at the bottom the selected
level in dB (in example figure 22, 80 dB) appears. The “I” indicates that an
ipsilateral test is selected. You can choose between the fixed levels 70, 75,
80, 85, 90, 95 and 100 dBHL and AUTO with a starting level of 70 or
higher. If you choose AUTO the MI 44 starts with the lowest level
70 dBHL or higher and increases the level automatically until a reflex is
registered or the maximum value is reached. You can choose your
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
29
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
individual starting level and maximum level (see 12.3 Reflex pre-settings).
If you have chosen a fixed level the instrument measures only with this
level.
Control if the auditory canal is free.
Choose the right ear tip according to the size of the auditory canal and put
it firmly onto the probe tip.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
30
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
6.4 Doing the ipsilateral measurement
Carry out the measurement
Ipsi
Right
Impedance
as described in chapter 4.4
“Measuring
the
Status
ml
3
Tympanogram”.
The
READY
Stapedius reflex is measured
Ear Volume
2
0.94 ml
after the measurement of the
Compliance
Tympanogram. During the
0.81 ml
1
measurement
of
the
Pressure
- 37 daPa
0
Stapedius reflex the change
Gradient
-600 -300
300 daPa
of
the
compliance
is
32 daPa
represented in real time on
1
2
3
4
the LCD display . When the
100
100
100
100
test is finished the curves for
500 Hz I
1000 Hz I
2000 Hz I
4000 Hz I
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
dB
Scale
the changes of compliance
AUTO
for 500 Hz, 1000 Hz, 2000
Figure 23 Example of a normal Tympanogram with ipsilateral
Hz and 4000 Hz are shown in
reflex results
four separate graphs at the
bottom of the measurement screen (see Figure 23). Below each curve you
see the test level where a Stapedius reflex was registered automatically. This
is indicated by a “PASS” below the frequency. If no reflex was detected, a
“FAIL” is reported and the maximum level is shown.
You can judge watching the real time graph if you have a “real” Stapedius
reflex or only disturbance and artifacts. The lower dotted zero-line of a
graph indicates the measured compliance without a test sound. All the
positive or negative changes of compliance are shown as deviation from the
zero-line. If a Stapedius reflex occurs the compliance decreases and the
curve rises. The box which occurs during the test symbolizes the threshold
at which the MI 44 accepts a change of compliance as valid Stapedius
reflex.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
31
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
6.5 Preparing the contralateral measurement
Switch on the contralateral reflex
measurement by pressing again the
red REFLEX-key  (The word
CONTRA must appear on the right
top of the LCD - display ). Here the
highest fixed level is 120 dBHL.
The
contralateral
measurement
produces more reliable results
because the receiver emitting the test
signal and the probe measuring the
compliance are separated.
Continue as described previously for
the ipsilateral measurement.
Figure 24 Example of a normal Tympanogram with
contralateral reflex results
6.6 How to interpret the reflex display
After having carried out a measurement you can read the recorded values
on the LCD display.
Impedance
Ipsi
Right
In addition to the Tympanogram
Status
ml
shown on the left side and the
3
READY
values shown on the right, now
Ear Volume
2
0.94 ml
you can see the results of the reflex
Compliance
measurement in the lower part of
0.81 ml
1
the display . In four boxes marked
Pressure
- 37 daPa
0
1 to 4 the stapedius response is
Gradient
-600 -300
300 daPa
32 daPa
shown graphically. Below each box
1
2
3
4
the test level, the test frequency,
the type of the test (I=ipsi, C=
100
100
100
100
500 Hz I
1000 Hz I
2000 Hz I
4000 Hz I
contralateral) are shown. Also the
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
dB
Scale
AUTO
test result is shown as “PASS” or
“FAIL”. In the example in Figure 24
Figure 25 Example of a normal Tympanogram with
ipsilateral reflex results
for 500 Hz a stapedius reflex was
registered at 100 dBHL and for 4
kHz at 95 dBHL. If no reflex
threshold was registered the information FAIL appears below the
frequency.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
32
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
A correct interpretation of the measuring results can only follow in
connection with the Tympanogram, the graphic reflex display and other
actual data. But in principle you can say that a Stapedius reflex indicates
that the patient hears on the “stimulus ear” and that the sound lead on the
“probe ear” functions.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
33
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
6.7 How to print out the test result
After a test you can print out the
result for your documents by
MAICO MI 44
pressing the PRINTER button . The
Id No.:
Date:
quiet thermal printer prints out the
Name:
Examiner:
example used in the previous
Remarks:
paragraph 6.6 in only 12 seconds.
Tympanogram
While the printer is working no key
Right
action is possible and the probe is
inactive.
0.94 ml
In addition to the printing text
0.81 ml
treated in chapter 4.6 the result of
- 37 daPa
the reflex test is printed out:
-600 -300
300 daPa
32 daPa
The level value (dBHL) at which a
Ear Volume
0.94 ml
Compliance
0.81 ml
reflex had been measured appears
Pressure
-37 daPa
Gradient
32 daPa
below the graph.
Reflex
Right
If no reflex had been registered FAIL
is printed on the top of the graph
behind the test frequency.
The printout supports you, to
evaluate the test results correctly.
The graphs of tympanogram and
reflex are useful for interpretation:
The tympanogram displays the
middle ear mobility. The horizontal
Figure 26 - Printout of a Tympanogram with
axis shows the pressure, the vertical
ipsilateral reflextests
axis the compliance.
The reflex is displayed in four charts.
Here the x-axis stands for time, the y-axis shows the changes of
compliance.
3
ml
2
1
0
ml
0,15
0,10
0,05
0
Ipsi
500 Hz
PASS
s
dBHL
100
ml
0,15
0,10
0,05
0
Ipsi
1000 Hz
PASS
s
dBHL
100
ml
0,15
0,10
0,05
0
Ipsi
2000 Hz
PASS
s
dBHL
100
ml
0,15
0,10
0,05
0
Ipsi
4000 Hz
s
95
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
34
PASS
dBHL
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
7 Reflex Decay Test Operation
The diagnostic probe insert must be used for this test. If you are currently
using the optional screening probe insert, do not use it for this test!
To exchange the probe insert press the release button  of the probe with
a tool or a pen. Remove the screening probe insert. Insert the diagnostic
probe insert  into the probe head . Please recognize the right position of
the connector of the diagnostic probe insert . Press the diagnostic probe
insert  into the probe head  until it fastens.
Place the black shoulder strap firmly
over the patients shoulder. Slip the
probe into the holder of shoulder
strap (as shown in figure 27). Make
sure you can see the LEDs of the
probe. Place an appropriately sized
eartip firmly on the probe tip. Insert
the tip into the ear canal, enough
to make a seal and provide support
for the probe tip.
If you’re using the headset contra
phone, place the phone over the
opposite ear, making sure the
receiver lines up directly with the
ear canal.
Run a tympanogram and reflex test
as described before.
Highlight REFLEX DECAY on the
Figure 27
main menu or press the DECAY key
Fixation of the diagnostic probe
 to advance to the reflex decay
test.
Select a frequency test level.
The test level should be set 10 dB above the reflex threshold measured
before.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
35
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
Set the desired volume level with the Down-key  respectively the Up-key
. On the LCD display  below the left reflex box at the bottom the
selected level in dB appears. The starting level is always 80 dB.
If you like to change the test frequency from the default 1 kHz use the Leftkey  respectively the Right-key . On the LCD display  below the reflex
boxes at the bottom below the selected level in dB, the test frequency
appears.
The pressure will automatically be set at the peak pressure for maximal
compliance.
Instruct the patient not to talk, swallow, yawn or move until the test is over.
Any movement or sound will give unreliable results.
Press the ENTER button  when ready to run the test.
Watch the probe LEDs for an indication of test operation. See chapter 3.8
for an explanation of the
LEDs.
Reflex ipsi decay 1000 Hz Rechts
An individual whose
peak amplitude decays
50% within the 10
second time limit shows
signs of adaptation, or
decay. The percentage
value is displayed after
10 seconds.
In figure 28 test result is
shown. The emphasized
black bar below the 0 ml
line
indicates
the
duration of the test
stimulus.
ml
0,15
Decay (+ 34 %)
0.10
0.05
s
0
1
D
80
1000 Hz I
2
3
4
90
2000Hz
Hz
Figure 28
The reflex decay screen with test result
To save the result and or / perform an additional test press the DECAY key
. On the LCD display  in the left reflex box at the bottom the last result
is now shown.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
36
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
The next right test box is now highlighted. You can do now a test with
different level or frequency. Select it as described before.
When you finished all decay tests and have pressed the DECAY-key, you
can print out the result for your documents by pressing the blue
PRINT key .
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
37
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
8 Eustachian Tube Test Operation
The diagnostic probe must be used for this test. If you have an additional
impedance screening probe (option), do not use it for this test!
If you have not already done so today, press the MENU-button, highlight
CALIBRATION and calibrate the diagnostic probe (as described in chapter
3.7).
The Eustachian tube test can be used in patients with intact TM or in
patients who have a perforated TM or PT tubes in place.
8.1 ETF test for patients with intact TM
Highlight ETF Intact from the
main menu and press the
ENTER button  or press the
ETF-key  to advance to the
Eustachian Function Test
screen (see figure 29). It is not
necessary
to
run
a
tympanogram before running
this test.
Impedance
3
Right
ETF Intact
Status
READY
ml
Ear Volume
2
Pressure 1
1
Pressure 2
0
-600
The text ETF Intact occurs at
the upper right corner of the
LCD display .
-300
300 daPa
Pressure 3
Figure 29 The ETF screen
Connect the probe as described in chapter 7 “Reflex decay test”. Place an
appropriately sized eartip firmly on the probe tip. Insert the tip into the ear
canal, well enough to make a seal and provide support for the probe tip.
Instruct the patient not to move or talk until the test is over, as any sound
or movement will give unreliable results.
Press the ENTER button  when ready to begin the test.
The pressure value at the maximum compliance is shown under “Pressure
1".
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
38
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
Now the text “Make the
patient decrease middle ear
pressure
by
Swallowing”
occurs at the LCD display 
(see figure 30).
Press the ENTER button 
when ready to begin the
second test.
The pressure value at the
maximum compliance with
decreased middle ear pressure
is shown under “Pressure 2".
Right
Impedance
3
ETF Intact
Make patient decrease middle ear pressure by
ml
Swallowing
Status
READY
Ear Volume
Release the ENTER key to continue
2
Pressure 1
- 12 daPa
1
Pressure 2
0
-600
-300
Pressure 3
300 daPa
Figure 30 The ETF screen after first test cycle (Pressure 1)
Now the text “Make the
patient increase middle ear
pressure
by
Valsavation”
occurs at the LCD display .
Press the ENTER button 
when ready to begin the next
test.
The pressure value at the
maximum compliance with
increased middle ear pressure
is shown under “Pressure 3".
Right
Impedance
3
ETF Intact
Make patient increase middle ear pressure by
ml
Valsalvation
Status
READY
Ear Volume
Release the ENTER key to continue
2
1
Pressure 1
- 12 daPa
0
Pressure 2
- 95 daPa
-600
-300
300 daPa
Pressure 3
Figure 31 The ETF screen after second test cycle (Pressure 2)
After a test you can print out
the result for your documents
by pressing the blue PRINT- key
.
Impedance
3
Right
ETF Intact
Status
READY
ml
2
Ear Volume
1.34 ml
1
Pressure 1
- 12 daPa
0
Pressure 2
- 95 daPa
-600
-300
300 daPa
Pressure 3
+ 70 daPa
Figure 32 The ETF screen after third test cycle (Pressure 3)
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
39
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
8.2 ETF test for patients with perforated TM
The test determines if the patient can open his/her Eustachian tube in the
presence of positive pressure delivered by the probe to the external ear
canal. The amount of positive pressure is predetermined and can be set as
high as +300 daPa. While pressure is being applied the patient is instructed
to swallow. If the Eustachian tube opens, a drop in pressure is recorded. A
positive test result will show a ”stair step” effect or a complete drop to 0
daPa as the Eustachian tube opens. The graph displays the vertical axis as
pressure, and the horizontal axis as time.
Highlight ETF Perforated from
the main menu and press the
ENTER button  or press the
ETF-key  to advance to the
Eustachian
Function
Test
screen. It is not necessary to
run a tympanogram before
running this test.
Impedance
Right
ETF Perforated
Status
READY
daPa
300
40 s
- 300
Pressure
300 daPa
- 600
Press the ETF-key  again and
the text ETF perforated occurs
at the upper right corner of
the LCD display .
Figure 33
The ETF test perforated TM
Set the maximum pressure using the Up-Cursor ▴ or Down-Cursor ▾ 
buttons.
Connect the probe as described in chapter 7 “Reflex decay test”. Place an
appropriately sized ear tip firmly on the probe tip. Insert the tip into the ear
canal, well enough to make a seal and provide support for the probe tip.
Instruct the patient not to move or talk until the test is over, as any sound
or movement will give unreliable results.
Press the ENTER button  when ready to begin the test. Pressure will
increase to the predetermined setting. Let the pressure run a few seconds
at peak pressure to verify a successful seal.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
40
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
Once the peak pressure has been obtained ask the patient to swallow. If
the Eustachian tube opens, a drop in pressure will be recorded. Repeated
attempts to swallow will display a ”stair case” effect, or a complete drop to
0 daPa.
The test will stop after the allotted 40 seconds have elapsed.
After a test you can print out the result for your documents by pressing the
blue PRINT-key .
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
41
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
9 Interpreting Test Results
MAICO MI 44
Id No.:
9.1 Understanding the printout
The printout contains the following
information: Ear volume, Compliance,
Pressure, Gradient, Reflex Test Results
(PASS, FAIL) and IPSI, CONTRA or
Tympanogram (depending on the test you
have done). This information provides the
data you need to interpret the test results.
Tympanogram
Right
3
ml
2
0.94 ml
1
0.81 ml
0
- 37 daPa
-600
A graph of the Tympanogram is provided
(Figure 34) to assist you in visual
interpretation of the test. This graph is a
representation of the relative mobility of the
middle ear system. The horizontal axis
shows the changes in air pressure and the
resulting mobility of the system. The
compliance is recorded on the vertical axis.
This mobility is expressed as a change in the
volume of the ear canal in ml.
Date:
Name:
Examiner:
Remarks:
-300
300 daPa
Ear Volume
Compliance
Pressure
Gradient
Reflex
Right
ml
0,15
0,10
0,05
0
Ipsi
500 Hz
PASS
s
dBHL
100
ml
0,15
0,10
0,05
0
Ipsi
1000 Hz
PASS
s
dBHL
100
ml
0,15
0,10
0,05
0
Ipsi
2000 Hz
PASS
s
dBHL
100
ml
0,15
0,10
0,05
0
Ipsi
4000 Hz
PASS
s
95
The reflex is shown in up to four graphics
with time on the horizontal axis and the
change of the compliance on the vertical axis.
32 daPa
0.94 ml
0.81 ml
-37 daPa
32 daPa
dBHL
Figure 34 - Printout of a Tympanogram
with ipsilateral reflextests
9.2 Interpreting the tympanometric test result
As a general rule, values for ear canal volume should be between 0.2 and
2.0 ml (children and adults). A variance will be seen within this range
depending on the age and ear structure of the person. For example, a 2.0
ml or larger reading in a small child could indicate a perforation in the
tympanic membrane, while it may be a normal reading in an adult. You will
become more familiar with the normal ranges when you use the
instrument.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
42
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
The normal range for compliance is 0.2 ml to approximately 1.8 ml. A
compliance peak within the range indicates normal mobility of the middle
ear system. A peak found outside of these limits may be indicative for one
of several pathologies.
Middle ear pressure should be equivalent to ambient air pressure
(approximately 0 daPa on an air pressure scale). Minor shifts of the peak
compliance to the negative may occur with congestion and are rarely to the
positive side. Establish criteria for abnormal negative pressure when you
become more familiar with using the equipment. It is generally accepted
that negative pressure of greater than -150 daPa indicates a referral for
medical evaluation.
9.3 Abnormal Values
It is the purpose of this section to provide samples of tympanograms which
reflect abnormal states of the middle ear mechanism. It is not the intention
of this section to provide you with a complete guide to interpreting results.
Complete information regarding pathologies and abnormal impedance
testing can be found in the literature referenced.
A perforation in the tympanic membrane will cause a high ear canal volume
measurement because the instrument will measure the volume of the entire
middle ear space. The MI 44 may refuse to run the test, with the probe
indicating a volume out of tolerance by illuminating the red light, or a flat
tympanogram will be recorded since no movement will occur with a change
in air pressure. Without a peak compliance of at least 0.1 ml, the reflex test
will not initiate.
An extremely flaccid tympanic membrane or an ossicular chain discontinuity
will yield a very high peak compliance in the presence of normal middle ear
pressure. Ear canal volume will be normal and the reflex will be absent.
A fixation of the ossicular chain, as in otosclerosis, will produce a
tympanogram with very low compliance in the presence of normal middle
ear air pressure. Ear canal volume is normal and the reflex is absent.
Middle ear fluid such as serious otitis media will yield a very flat
tympanogram with no definite peak and negative air pressure. A resolving
case or beginning case may produce a reduced peak in the presence of
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
43
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
severe negative middle ear pressure. The ear canal volume is normal and
the reflex is either absent or at an elevated level.
Eustachian tube disfunction in the absence of fluid will show a normal
compliance curve, but it will be displayed to the negative side of the
tympanogram. Ear canal volume will be normal and the reflex may be
present, depending on the degree of involvement.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
44
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
10 How to test children
The practice of the impedance measurement is difficult especially with small
children. You could have problems with the child being restless or afraid of
the examination or reacting sensitively to the change of pressure and the
loud test sound but also with different conditions of the eardrum and the
middle ear which do not appear in ears of adults.
During the measurement the minimum compliance must come to 0.08 ml,
if it is less a straight line runs over the zero line.
It is difficult to reach a probe seal with restless children. If the child yawns
or cries it is impossible for the instrument to create a stable pressure in the
outer auditory canal. In addition speaking cause’s stapedius muscle reflexes
which lead to a permanent change of the compliance of the eardrum.
So the child should be made familiar with the surroundings and the ear
being touched by the probe in order to carry out a successful impedance
measurement. This could be done by getting in touch with the child and by
touching the ear in a playing way with the probe. If you can touch the ear
without problems the child will normally accept the probe being inserted.
If the child has accepted the surroundings and the touch of the ear it is
important to distract the child’s mind from the measurement. Here you can
succeed in diverting the child by many different methods. Your phantasy is
nearly unlimited; you just have to avoid loud sound.
In case you measure very small children and have to calm them with e.g. a
dummy or a tea-bottle the result might be slightly falsified, maybe by a
slightly irregular line of the Tympanogram.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
45
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
11 Recommended literature
Auditory Disorders: A Manual for Clinical Evaluation
Jerger, Susan, and James Jerger
Boston: College Hill Press, 1981
Handbook of Clinical Audiology
Katz, Jack
Baltimore: William & Wilkins, 1994
Roeser’s Audiology Desk Reference
Roeser, Ross J.
New York / Stuttgart: Thieme, 1996
Auditory Diagnosis
Silam, Shlomo and Carol A. Silvermann
San Diego / London: Singular Publishing
Group, 1997
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
46
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
12 Individual Setup of the MI 44
While getting familiar with the MI 44 in the
previous chapters you had the chance to
find out how easy the instrument is to
control. You can carry out all normal
measurements and print them out, too.
Main Menu
Tympanogram :
Reflex Decay
ETF Intact
ETF Perforated
Calibration :
In addition the MI 44 offers many
“hidden” chances for the experienced user
to adapt the instrument to his individual
demands.
Setup :
 
ENTER Select Item
Menu Escape
Figure 35
Main Menu (Setup activated)
In the following all the setup options are
treated precisely. The settings shown in the figures are the standard
settings. If you have altered a value by accident you just have to return to
the standard setting shown here and the instrument will work as before.
By pressing the menu key  you can return from every sub-menu to the
main menu and after all to the Tympanometry mode.
You can change the menu options with the cursor keys: Up , Left ,
Down  and Right . The menu option actually selected is marked inverse
on the LCD display  (SETUP in the example Figure 35). You select the
chosen menu option by pressing Enter .
12.1 The setup menu
Select the menu option SETUP as
illustrated in Figure 35 and the main
setup menu will appear on the LCD
display . You can make different
settings for the measurement of the
tympanogram and the stapedius reflex,
for instrument setup (for example the
contrast of the LCD display ). All your
settings are saved permanently until you
will change them again. The settings also
survive when the instrument is switched off.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
47
Setup Menu
Tympanogram Setup Menu:
Reflex Test Setup Menu:
Common Setup Menu:
Clinical Setup Menu:
Change Item
ENTER Select Item
Menu Escape
Figure 36 Main Menu (Setup activated)
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
12.2 The Tympanogram Setup Menu
Select the menu option “Tympanogram Setup Menu”: as illustrated in
Figure 36 and the Tympanogram setup menu will appear on the LCD
display .
You change the menu options with the
cursor keys DOWN↓ respectively UP .
You can change the invers displayed item
with the cursor keys LEFT  respectively
RIGHT . The following settings are
possible:
Tympanogram Setup Menu
Pump Speed:
Automatic
Display limits:
ON
Press. Limit hi.:
Press. Limit Lo.:
150 daPa
-400 daPa
Comp Limit hi.:
1.5 ml
Comp. Limit lo.:
0.1 daPa
Pump speed:
Seal sensitivity:
Medium
With this option you can set the
Change item
measurement speed. With “Automatic”
ENTER choose item
MENU Escape
the pump speed adjusts automatically to
Figure 37
the test conditions. It is possible to
Tympanogram Setup Menu
choose also Minimum, Medium or
Maximum. Of course a lower pump speed creates a higher precision of the
measurement but needs more test time.
Display limits:
With ON you switch on the “field for normal curves” surrounded by a
broken line in the Tympanogram. With OFF you switch it off.
Press. Limit hi:
With this option you can set the right limit of the box for normal
Tympanograms to a value between 0 daPa and +200 daPa in steps of 25
daPa.
Press. Limit lo:
With this option you can set the left limit of the box for normal
Tympanograms to a value between -400 daPa and -25 daPa in steps of 25
daPa.
Comp. limit hi:
With this option you can set the upper limit of the box for normal
Tympanograms to a value between 0.1 ml and 3 ml in steps of 0.1 ml.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
48
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
Comp. limit lo:
With this option you can set the lower limit of the box for normal
Tympanograms to a value between 0.1 ml and 1ml in steps of 0.1 ml.
Seal sensitivity:
Minimum: This gives reproducible results. Requires quiet probe handling.
Medium: Quicker seal detection and less sensitive than the above
selection.
Maximum: Quick seal detection. AGC on the probe tone is disabled.
High Probe Tone Frequency:
Preset the high tone frequency that should be assigned to the TYMP Tone
button: 678 Hz, 800 Hz or 1000 Hz.
To leave the Tympanometry Setup Menu press the MENU button .
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
49
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
12.3 The Setup menu for Reflex Test
Select the menu option “Reflex Test Setup
Menu”: from the main setup menu as
described before for the Tympanometry
setup menu and the reflex setup menu
will appear on the LCD display .
The reflex setup menu offers the following
options:
Auto start dB:
With this option you can choose the
acoustic pressure level the MI 44 starts the
reflex level measurement with if the
automatic identification of the reflex
threshold is switched on. You can choose
the acoustic pressure levels from 70 dBHL
till 100 dBHL in steps of 5 dB.
Reflex Test Setup Menu
Auto start dB
: 80
Auto maximum dB: 105
Reflex Sensitivity:
Sensitive
Print graphic:
OFF
500 Hz :
ON
1000 Hz:
ON
2000 Hz:
ON
4000 Hz:
ON
Noise 1:
OFF
Noise 2:
OFF
IPSI AGC:
ON
Change item
ENTER choose item
MENU Escape
Figure 38
MI 44 Reflex setup Menu
Auto maximum dB:
With this option you can choose the maximal acoustic pressure level the MI
44 uses if the automatic identification of the reflex threshold is switched
on. You can choose the maximum acoustic pressure levels from 80 dBHL till
120 dBHL in steps of 5 dB.
Reflex sensitivity:
With this option you select the sensitivity of the stapedius reflex detection.
With the setting “Sensitive” small changes of the compliance will achieve
PASS as test results. With the setting “Robust” a larger compliance change
is needed to detect a PASS. The setting “Normal” is the default setting.
Print graphic:
With this option you can switch ON and OFF the printout of the graphic
reflex display for documentation.
500 Hz:
With this option you can switch ON and OFF the stapedius reflex test for
500 Hz.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
50
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
1000 Hz:
With this option you can switch ON and OFF the stapedius reflex test for
1000 Hz.
2000 Hz:
With this option you can switch ON and OFF the stapedius reflex test for
2000 Hz.
4000 Hz:
With this option you can switch ON and OFF the stapedius reflex test for
4000 Hz.
With this option you can switch on and off the stapedius reflex test for
4000 Hz.
Noise 1 / Noise 2:
Three different Noise Stimuli available:
Off: No noise or
LP: Low Pass – 500 – 1600 Hz
HP: High Pass – 1600 – 10.000 Hz
WN: White Noise – 500 – 10.000 Hz
Ipsi AGC:
With this option you can switch ON and OFF the automatic gain control
(AGC) of the ipsi lateral test level.
With the setting ON the reflex test level in the ear is automatically adjusted
to the desired test level compensating the effect of different ear canal
volumes.
Common Setup Menu_
With the setting OFF the reflex test
Power-up:
: Tymp
High Probe Tone
: Off
level in the ear is not adjusted to the
Communication
: USB
individual ear canal volume.
Remote Switch
: L/R
To leave the Reflex Test Setup Menu
Subject Data Printout
: ON
Clinic Data Printout
: ON
for reflex press the MENU button .
12.4 The Common Setup Menu
Select the menu option “Common
Setup Menu” from the main setup
menu as described before and the
common setup menu will appear on
the LCD display .
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
51
Print after Test
: OFF
Language
: English
Display adjust
:
Change item
ENTER choose item
MENU Escape
Figure 39
MI 44 common Setup Menu
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
The common setup menu offers the following options:
Power-up:
With this option you can choose the test mode of the MI 44 after switching
on. With the setting Tymp only tympanometry is tested after power-up.
With Tymp and Reflex tympanometry and reflex is tested after power-up.
High Probe Tone:
Default setting is OFF. Default probe tone is 226 Hz. With High Probe Tone
ON the probe tone switches to 678 Hz, 800 Hz or 1.000 Hz which is
selected in the Tympanogram Setup menu 12.2.
Communication:
This is only the reference to the USB interface.
Remote Switch:
With this option you can change the function of the probe button . You
can choose between:
L/R where the test ear can be selected with the probe button 
Pause where the test can be paused and restarted with the probe button 
L/R or Pause where the test ear can be selected and the test can be paused
and restarted with the probe button .
Subject Data Printout:
With this option you can switch ON and OFF the printout of the headline
which allows you to enter the data of the patient.
Clinic Data Printout:
If you entered your clinic data the printout of the entered data can be
switched ON and OFF with this option.
Print after test:
With this option you enable an automatic printout after you finished a test
by setting it ON. With the setting OFF the printout will be only done after
you press the PRINT button .
Language:
You can choose one of the languages German “Deutsch”, French
“Francais”, English and Spanish “Espanol” for the text on the LCD display
and the printout. After selection all the texts appear in the chosen
language.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
52
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
Display adjust:
The contrast of the LCD-display  can be changed with this option.
12.5 Insert your personal printout data
Select the menu option Clinic Setup Menu from the main setup menu to
enter all required data of your clinic. These data will be printed out later
together with the test result and the patient data. This screen is self
explaining.
-
Characters, numbers and signs can be choosen by up and down
arrow keys
Change position by left and right arrow keys
Delete with REFLEX key
Tab with ENTER key
Exit with MENU key
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
53
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
13 Care and maintenance of the instrument
Disconnect the power plug before cleaning!
To clean the instrument, probe, contralateral receiver and other accessories
use a soft cloth dampened with a little warm soapy water or washing-up
liquid; no alcohol or spirits should be used.
During cleaning, please ensure that no liquid runs into the switches, level
control or probe openings.
Please use a new eartip for each patient. Always use eartips from MAICO or
Sanibel. Each eartip should only be used one time.
13.1 Cleaning of Probe Tip
In order to secure correct impedance measurements it is important to make
sure that the probe system is kept clean at all times. Therefore please follow
the below illustrated instruction on how to remove e.g. cerumen from the
small acoustic and air pressure channels of the probe tip.
For the MI 44 two different probe systems exist; the Screening Probe
System and the Diagnostic Probe System.
The two different probe systems can be seen in the below picture:
Figure 40:
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
54
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
To clean the small acoustic and air pressure channels of the probe tip
unscrew the small ribbed plastic nut that holds the probe tip:
Figure 41:
After unscrewing the small ribbed plastic nut it is possible to detach the
small probe tip with the small acoustic and air pressure channels from the
transducer house:
Figure 42:
Ribbed Plastic Nut
Transducer House
Transparent Sealing
Probe Tip with the small acoustic and air pressure channels
The cleaning of the acoustic and air pressure channels of the probe tip must
be performed by means of the cleaning wire which can be found in the Ear
tips Assortment provided with the MI 44.
When cleaning the acoustic and air pressure channels of the probe tip the
cleaning wire must be inserted from the back of the probe tip according to
Figure 43:
Figure 43:
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
55
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
Besides cleaning the holes ensure also a proper surface cleaning of the
transparent sealing.
After cleaning all the acoustic and air pressure channels of the probe tip it
can be reassembled. Make sure that the Probe Tip is connected correctly
onto the Transducer Housing – a small flange will ensure correct positioning
- before the plastic nut is gently tightened.
Figure 44:
Figure 45:
The cleaning tool: (Consisting of 3 parts: cleaning hooks, wire with brush and
hand grip)
Figure 46:
With the hook of the cleaning tool you can remove cerumen from the ear
tips.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
56
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
14 Disinfection
It is recommended that parts which are in direct contact with the patient
are subjected to standard disinfecting procedure between patients. This
includes physically cleaning and use of a recognized disinfectant. Individual
manufacturer's instruction should be followed for use of this disinfecting
agent to provide an appropriated level of cleanliness.
To avoid person-to-person cross contamination of communicable diseases
eartips should only be used one time.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
57
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
15 How to change the printer paper
Open the printer at the right side of the housing by pulling up the printer
cover  using its finger mould in front.
Remove the printer cover .
Remove the empty paper roll.
Place the new paper roll in the paper compartment in such a way that the
paper ascends from the lower part of the paper roll.
Pull the blue lever, which is located on the right front of the printer, into its
forward position.
The paper must roll from the bottom because it is coated on one side only.
If it is inserted wrongly, no printout is visible!
Gently insert the paper end between the rubber roll and the black plastic
part at the rear of the printer.
Transport the printer paper until it appears from the upper part of the
rubber roll. Pull then the paper end app. 10 to 15 cm.
Push the blue lever into its backward position.
Guide the paper end through the paper slot  of the printer cover .
Close the printer cover  by putting the two guide rails at the end of the
printer cover  into the appropriate slot of the paper compartment of the
housing of MI 44. Press the front of the printer cover  down until it
fastens.
The instrument is now ready to print.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
58
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
16 Warranty, Maintenance and Service
The MI 44 Tympanometer is guaranteed for 1 year. This warranty is
extended to the original purchaser of the instrument by MAICO through
the Distributor from whom it was purchased and covers defects in material
and workmanship for a period of one year from date of delivery of the
instrument to the original purchaser.
The tympanometer may be repaired only by your dealer or by a service
centre recommended by your dealer. We urgently advise you against
attempting to rectify any faults yourself or commissioning non-experts to
do so.
In the event of repair during the guarantee period, please enclose evidence
of purchase with the instrument.
In order to ensure that your instrument works properly the tympanometer
should be checked and calibrated at least once a year. This check has to be
carried out by your dealer.
When returning the instrument for repairs it is essential to also send the
probe and all other accessories.
Send the device to your dealer or to a service centre authorized by your
dealer.
Please also include a detailed description of the faults.
In order to prevent damage in transit, please use the original packing if
possible when returning the instrument.
NOTE:
Within the European Union it is illegal to dispose
electric and electronic waste as unsorted municipal
waste. According to this, all MAICO products sold
after August 13, 2005, are marked with a crossed-out
wheeled bin. Within the limits of Article (9) of
DIRECTIVE 2002/96/EC on waste of electrical and
electronic equipment (WEEE), MAICO has changed
their sales policy. To avoid additional distribution costs
we assign the responsibility for the proper collection
and treatment according to legal regulations to our
customers.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
59
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
17 Safety Regulations
17.1 Electrical Safety:
The MI 44 tympanometer is constructed to
comply with protection class I, Type BF of the
international standard IEC 60601-1.
Protection from an electric shock is ensured
even without the system earth connection.
The instruments are not intended for
operation in areas with an explosion hazard.
17.2 Measuring security: To guarantee that the tympanometer works
properly, the instrument has to be checked
and calibrated at least once a year.
The service and calibration must be
performed by an authorized service centre. In
accordance with the regulations of the EU
medical directive we will drop our liability if
these checks are not done.
The use of non-calibrated Tympanometers is
not allowed.
17.3 Device control:
The user of the instrument should perform a
subjective instrument check once a week. This
check can be done following the list for
subjective instrument check (see next page).
For your own security, you should copy the
enclosed list, fill it in once a week and store it
in your files.
17.4 Operation:
Only skilled personnel (Audiologists, ENT
professionals or other with equivalent
knowledge) should operate the instrument.
17.5 Patient Safety:
Warning: Do not take a test while charging
the device via USB cable.
External equipment intended for connection
to signal input, signal output or other
connector, shall comply with relevant IEC
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
60
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
standard (e.g. IEC 60950 for IT equipment
and the IEC 60601 series for medical electrical
equipment). In addition, all such combinations
- systems - shall comply with the standard
60601-1-1, Safety requirements for medical
electrical systems. Equipment not complying
with IEC 60601 shall be kept outside patient
environment, as defined in the standard (at
least 1.5 m from the patient).
Any person who connects external equipment
to signal input, signal output or other
connectors has created a system and is
therefore responsible for the system
complying with the requirements of IEC
60601-1-1. If in doubt, contact your service
technician or local representative for help.
The cradle connection provides power for the
thermal printer.
In order to maintain a high level of safety it is
necessary to have the instrument and its
power supply checked according to the
medical electrical safety standard IEC 60601-1
on a yearly basis by a qualified service
technician.
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
61
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
18 Checklist for subjective device control
According to the manufacturer requirement the user should control the
instrument once a week to find errors immediately and to avoid wrong test
results. He should test Tympanogram and Reflex with an otologic normal
person and compare the results with earlier measurements. The printout
should be filed together with the subjective test protocol to the documents
of the instrument. The test person should be healthy (no otitis etc.) and
should by at least 12 hours not exposed to loud noise.
Instrument type:
Serial-No.:
Test person:
Connectors and cables OK?
Instrument and probe?
Is the green light of the probe blinking?
Probe tip and ear tip clean?
Are all controls easy to use?
Are the test signals clear and non-distorted?
Reflex test
right ear
90 dBHL
Reflex test
left ear
90 dBHL
500 Hz
1000 Hz
2000 Hz
4000 Hz
500 Hz
1000 Hz
2000 Hz
4000 Hz
If significant differences or damages are found please inform the service.
Tested by:
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
Date:
62
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
19 Technical Data and Accessories
The Impedance meter MI 44 is an active, diagnostic medical
product according to the class IIa of the EU medical
directive 93/42/EEC.
Impedance measurement:
Type:
Class 1 acc. to IEC 645-5 (EN 60645-5)
Tympanometer:
Test frequency:
Volume range:
Accuracy:
Compliance range:
226 Hz ± 1% 85 dBSPL in 2 cm3
678 Hz, 800 Hz, 1000 Hz
±1% 83 dBSPL in 2 cm3
+200 to -400 daPa automatic mode
+300 to -600 daPa manual modus
0,1 to 6,0 ml
± 5 % or ± 10 daPa
0,1 to 6,0 ml
Reflex measurement:
Test frequencies:
Test signals:
Test method:
Intensities ipsi:
Intensities contra:
Ipsilateral setting:
Ipsilateral reflex test:
Attack/release time:
Pressure at test:
500 Hz, 1 kHz, 2 kHz, 4 kHz ± 2%
Noise Stimuli in LP, HP and WN
ipsi lateral, contralateral
70 dBHL ... 105 dBHL (for 4 kHz ... 100 dBHL)
70 dBHL ... 120 dBHL (with contra phone)
automatic or manual
with AGC
typical 10 ms
Pressure @ max. compliance
Eustachian Tube Mode:
Pressure range:
+400 to -400 daPa
Pressure range:
General:
Test program:
Memory:
Probe:
LCD-display:
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
Reflex test selectable
Storage of test results for both ears
probe with diagnostic insert
Graphical display of the Tympanograms and
reflex curves, numeric display of max.
63
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
compliance, pressure at max. compliance,
canal volume, gradient and reflex thresholds
Printer:
Printing time:
Thermal printer, paper roll width 110 mm
4 s (one Tympanogram) to 12
(Tympanogram and Reflex for both ears)
Mains 100 ... 240 V ~, 50/60 Hz
app. 25 VA
Power supply:
Power consumption:
s
  
Figure 45 Connectors on the rear
Connection plugs:
 mains connection socket
 probe tube connection
 probe connection socket
 PC-interface
 contra receiver socket
Warm up time:
Environment
Conditions:
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
Connection
left/right=power,
Specification
100 ... 240 V~ 50 Hz
USB
sleeve=GND, tip=out
ZA=10 , UA=8 Veff
less than 10 min after power on
+15 ... +35 C / +59 ... + 95° F (operation)
+ 5 ... +50 C / +41 ... +122° F (storage)
Maximum humidity 90 % (storage and operation)
64
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
Dimensions:
W x D x H: 39 x 29 x 11 cm
Weight:
app. 2,6 kg
Standard accessories:
1 hand-held probe with diagnostic probe inserts
1 shoulder strap for diagnostic probe
1 screening probe insert
1 contra phone receiver with headband
1 power cable
1 Connector cover
1 set of ear tips
1 calibration cavity (cavities 5ml, 2ml, 0,5ml) with probe holder
1 printer paper rolls (for app. 350 printouts)
Optional accessories:
Carrying case
Soft side carrying case
Part No. 70 50 14
Part No. 1035-3002
Consumables:
1 roll printer paper
1 set of 10 Ear tips yellow (7,4 mm)
1 set of 10 Ear tips green (9 mm)
1 set of 10 Ear tips white (11 mm)
1 set of 10 Ear tips yellow (12,5 mm)
1 set of 10 Ear tips green (15 mm)
1 set of 10 Ear tips blue (18 mm)
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
65
Part No. 70 50 78
Part No. 70 50 56
Part No. 70 50 57
Part No. 70 50 58
Part No. 70 50 59
Part No. 70 50 60
Part No. 70 50 61
850 263/7 07/12
Operating Instructions MI 44
Specifications are subject to change.
MAICO Diagnostic GmbH
Salzufer 13/14
D-10587 Berlin
Telephone (++49) 30 70 71 46 - 50
Telefax (++49) 30 70 71 46 - 99
internet: www.maico.biz
e-mail: export@maico.biz
GEBAmi44e_12a.docx
66
850 263/7 07/12