DX 66V manual - Galaxy Radios

WARRANTY
This radio is covered by a two
year limited parts and labor
warranty.
•
“Limited” means that we will repair problems caused by factory defects or
normal use at no charge.
•
Before returning a radio to us for warranty service, please call our Service
Department for a Repair Authorization Number (RAN). This RAN must be
written below your return address on the outside of the shipping box. Boxes,
which arrive without a RAN, will be refused, and the shipping company will
return the unopened box to you. Be sure to have a pen and paper ready along
with the serial number of your radio before calling. We will give you the RAN
and our shipping address over the phone. The telephone number of the Service
Department is (760) 480-8800, and we suggest calling between 10:00 AM and
4:00 PM Pacific Time.
•
Please include a note with a detailed description of the symptoms. This is
important because it will help the technician who works on your radio to locate
your problem. Intermittent problems are easily overlooked, so be sure to give as
much detail as possible in your note. Also, please include your telephone number
in case our technicians have any additional questions.
•
Do not send your power cord or microphone unless we ask for these items during
our telephone conversation.
•
You are responsible for getting the radio safely to us. (We suggest using United
Parcel Service.) You must pay to ship the radio to us, and we will pay to ship the
radio back to you. Since we use UPS and they do not ship to Post Offices boxes,
please provide us with a street address for the return of your radio.
•
We will repair and return your radio as soon as we can. We appreciate your
choosing a Galaxy radio and we want you to be on the air as much as possible!
Be sure to visit our web site at
DX−66V
Full Channel AM/FM Mobile Transceiver
Built in Frequency Counter with Roger Beep
www.GalaxyRadios.com
OWNER’S MANUAL
Printed In Malaysia
AT3602012S
PD000823
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifications
Page
2
GENERAL
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
Mounting the Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
Ignition Noise Interference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
Channels
Frequency Range
Frequency Control
Frequency Tolerance
Frequency Stability
Operating Temperature
Range
Microphone
Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
Input Voltage
Tuning the Antenna for Optimum SWR . . . . . . . . . . .
6
External Speaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
Installation
Operation
Size
Weight
Antenna Connector
Meter (3-in-1)
Control Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8
A. Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8
B. Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
Press-To-Talk Microphone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
TRANSMITTER
Operating Procedure to Receive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
Power output
Modulation
Operating Procedure to Transmit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
Alternate Microphones and Installation . . . . . . . . . . .
13
-1-
Spurious Emissions
Frequency Response
Output Impedance
Output Indicators
40 CH
28.315 to 28.755 MHz
Phase Lock Loop (PLL) synthesizer.
0.005%
0.001%
-30 °C to +50 °C.
Plug-in dynamic; with push-to-talk
switch and coiled cord.
13.8V DC nominal, 15.9V max, 11.7V
min.
(Positive or negative ground).
Transmit: AM full mod., 2.2A.
Receiver: Squelched, 0.3A.
Maximum Audio output,
0.7A.
2-3/8” (H) x 7-7/8” (W) x 9-1/4” (D).
5 Ibs.
UHF, SO239
Illuminated; indicates relative output
power, received signal strength, and
SWR.
AM/FM, High-7 watts
High-and low-level Class B, Amplitude
Modulation: AM. Variable capacitance
Frequency Modulation: FM.
60 dB
AM and FM: 450 to 2500 Hz.
50 ohms, unbalanced.
Meter shows relative RF output power
and SWR. Transmit LED glows red
when transmitter is in operation.
-2-
RECEIVER
Sensitivity
Selectivity
Image Rejection
IF Frequency
Adjacent-Channel
Rejection
RF Gain Control
Automatic Gain
Control (AGC)
Squelch
ANL
Noise Blanker
Audio Output Power
Frequency Response
Built-in Speaker
External Speaker (Not
Supplied)
AM: 0.5 µV for 10 dB (S+N)/N at
greater than ½ -watt of audio output.
FM: 1.0 µV for 20 dB (S+N)/N at
greater than ½-watt of audio output.
AM/FM: 6 dB @ 3 KHz, 50 dB @ 9
KHz.
More than 65 dB.
AM/FM: 10.695 MHz 1st IF, 455 KHz
2nd IF
60 dB AM
45 dB adjustable for optimum signal
reception.
Less than 10 dB change in audio output
for inputs from 10 to 100,000
microvolts.
Adjustable; threshold less than 0.5 µV.
Switchable
RF type
4 watts into 8 ohms.
300 to 2800 Hz.
8 ohms, round.
8 ohms; disables internal speaker when
connected.
-3-
Installation
LOCATION
Plan the location of the transceiver and microphone bracket before
starting the installation. Select a location that is convenient for operation and
does not interfere with the driver or passengers in the vehicles. In
automobiles, the transceiver is usually mounted below the dash panel, with
the microphone bracket beside it.
MOUNTING THE CONNECTION
Your transceiver is supplied with a universal mounting bracket. When
mounting the bracket and radio to your car, make sure it is mechanically
strong. Also provide a good electrical connection to the chassis of the
vehicle. Proceed as follows to mount the transceiver:
1.
After you have determined the most convenient location in your vehicle,
hold the transceiver with mounting bracket in the exact location desired.
If nothing will interfere with mounting it in the desired position, remove
the mounting bolts. Before drilling the holes, make sure nothing will
interfere with the installation of the mounting bolts.
2.
Connect the antenna cable plug to the standard receptacle on the rear
panel. Most antennas are terminated with a type PL-259 plug and mate
with the receptacle.
3.
Connect the red DC power input wire (with the fuse) to +13.8V DC.
This wire extends from the rear panel. In automatic installation, +13.8V
DC is usually obtained from the accessory contact on the ignition switch.
This prevents the set being left on accidentally when the driver leaves
the car and also permits operating the unit without the engine running.
Locate the accessory contact on most ignition switches by tracing the
power wire from the AM broadcast receiver in the car.
4.
Connect the black lead to –13.8V DC. This is usually the chassis of the
car. Any convenient location with good electrical contact (remove paint)
may be used.
5.
Mount the microphone bracket on the right side of the transceiver or
near the transceiver, using two screws supplied. When mounting in an
automobile, place the bracket under the dash so the microphone is
readily accessible.
-4-
IGNITION NOISE INTERFERENCE
Use of a mobile receiver at low signal levels is normally limited by the
presence of electrical noise. The primary source of noise in automobile
installations is from the generator and ignition system in the vehicle. Under
most operating conditions, when signal level is adequate, the background
noise does not present a serious problem. Also, when extremely low level
signals are being received, the transceiver may be operated with vehicle
engine turned off. The unit requires very little current and therefore will not
significantly discharge the vehicle battery.
Even though the transceiver has ANL and NB controls, in some
installation ignition interference may be high enough to make good
communications impossible. The electrical noise may come from several
sources. Many possibilities exist and variations between vehicles require
different solutions to reduce the noise.
ANTENNA
A vertically polarized, quarter-wavelength whip antenna provides the
most reliable operation and greatest range. Shorter, loaded-type whip
antennas are more attractive, compact and adequate for applications where
the maximum possible distance is not required. Also, the loaded whips do not
present the problems of height imposed by a full quarter-wavelength whip.
Mobile whip antennas utilize the metal body of the vehicle as a ground
plane. When mounted at a corner of the vehicle they are slightly directional,
in the direction of the body of the vehicle. For all practical purpose, however,
the radiation pattern is nondirectional. The slight directional characteristic
will be observed only at extreme distance. A standard antenna connector
(type SO239) is provided on the transceiver for easy connection to a standard
PL 259 cable termination.
If the transceiver is not mounted on a metal surface, it is necessary to
run a separate ground wire from the unit to a good metal electrical ground in
the vehicle. When installed in a boat, the transceiver will not operate at
maximum efficiency without a ground plate, unless the vessel has a steel
hull.
Before installing the transceiver in a boat, consult your dealer for
information regarding an adequate grounding system and prevention of
electrolysis between fittings in the hull and water.
TUNNING THE ANTENNA FOR OPTIMUM SWR
Since there is such a wide variety of base and mobile antennas, this
section will strictly concern itself to the various types of mobile adjustable
antennas.
Because the antenna length is directly related to the channel frequency,
it must be tuned to resonate optimally all 40 channels of the transceiver.
Channel 1 requires a longer antenna than Channel 40 because it is lower in
frequency.
Due to the various methods of adjusting antennas for proper SWR we
have chosen what we think is the optimum method:
A. Antennas with adjustment screws (set screws)
1. Start with the antenna extended and tightens the set screw lightly enough
so that the antenna can be lightly tapped with your finger for easy
adjustment.
2.
Set your transceiver to Channel 21. @ Low band D or Hi band A. Press
the PTT (push-to-talk) switch, and tap the antenna (making it shorter).
The SWR meter will show a lower reading each time the antenna is
tapped. By continuing to shorten the antenna you will notice the SWR
reading will reach a low print and then start rising again. This means that
you have passed the optimum point for Channel 21. Extend the antenna
a short distance and again follow the procedure above.
When the lowest point has been reached, switch to Channel 1 @ Low
band A or Hi band A and then to Channel 40 @ Low band D or Hi band
D and compare SWR readings. They should be almost equal.
B. Antennas which must be cut to proper length.
1. Follow the same procedure as above, but adjust the length by cutting in
1/8” increments until a good match is obtained.
2.
Be very careful not to cut too much at one time, as one it is cut, it can no
longer be lengthed.
3.
The whip is easily cut by filing a notch all the way around and breaking
the piece off with pliers.
NOTE
THE PROPER SETTING IS ACHIEVED WHEN THE SWR IS
1.5 OR BELOW, AND WHEN IT HAS THE SAME READING
FOR CHANNELS LOW BAND A1 AND HI BAND D40.
If you are having difficulties in adjusting your antenna, check the following:
A. All doors must be closed when adjusting the antenna.
B. Make sure the antenna base is grounded.
-5-
-6-
C. Check your coaxial cable routing (it may be pinched when routed
into the car).
D. Try a different location on your car (keeping in mind the radiation
pattern you wish)
E. Is the antenna perfectly vertical?
F. Try a different location in your neighborhood. Stay away from
large metal objects when adjusting (metal telephone or light posts,
fences, etc.).
NOTE
Operation
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
There are thirteen controls and three indicators on the front panel of
your transceiver.
The transceiver will operate into an SWR of 2 to 1 indefinitely
and sustain an SWR of 20:1 for a maximum of 5 minutes at rated
operating conditions.
EXTERNAL SPEAKER
The external speaker jack (EXT.SPK) on the rear panel is used for
remote receiver monitoring. The external speaker should have 8 ohms
impedance and be able to handle at least 4 watts. When the external speaker
is plugged in, the internal speaker is disconnected.
FRONT PANEL
1.
OFF/ON/VOLUME (inner dual concentric). Turn clockwise to apply
power to the unit and to set the desired listening level. During normal
operation, the VOLUME control is used to adjust the output level
obtained either at the transceiver speaker or the external speaker, if used.
2.
SQUELCH (outer dual concentric). This control is used to cut off or
eliminate receiver background noise in the absence of an incoming
signal. For maximum receiver sensitivity it is desired that the control be
adjusted only to the point where the receiver background noise or
ambient backgrounds noise is eliminated. Turn fully counterclockwise
then slowly clockwise until the receiver noise disappears. Any signal to
be received must now be slightly stronger than the average received
noise. Further clockwise rotation will increase the threshold level, which
a signal must overcome in order to be heard. Only strong signals will be
heard at a maximum clockwise setting.
3.
MIC GAIN (inner dual concentric). Adjust the microphone gain in the
transmit and PA modes. This controls the gain to the extent that full talk
power is available several inches away from the microphone.
4.
RF GAIN CONTROL (outer dual concentric). Use to reduce the gain
of the RF amplifier under strong signal conditions.
-8-
-7-
5.
E-TONE. This control is used to echo effect and intervals of echo
sound.
6.
DIMMER (inner dual concentric). Turns on/off the frequency display,
channel number and the meter lamp. Switch on at minimum brightness,
rotate further to get brighter illumination.
7.
RF POWER CONTROL. Adjust this control to acquire RF power level
you desired in AM or FM transmission.
8.
CHANNEL SELECTOR. This switch selects any one of the channels
desired. The selected channel appears on the LED readout directly above
the Channel Selector knob.
9.
BAND SELECTOR. This switch selects A, B, C, D in Hi or Lo band of
operation.
16. +10KHz FREQUENCY SHIFT SWITCH. When switch is pressed the
frequency is shifted 10KHz up. On following channels. A channel can
be used by setting this switch to +10KHz position.
Normal
3
7
11
15
19
+10KHz
3A
7A
11A
15A
19A
17. METER. This meter indicates received signal strength, transmitter RF
output power and SWR level.
18. CHANNEL INDICATOR. Numbered LED indicates the selected
channel you wish to operate on.
10. BAND SWITCH-HI/LOW. This switch is used to select High band and
or Low band Frequency Range.
11. CLARIFIER. Allows variation of the receiver operating frequencies
above and below the cassigned frequency. It may be used to optimize
AM/FM signals as described in the Operating Procedure paragraphs,
operates both TX/RX.
12. R.B./OFF. When this switch is placed in the ROGER BEEP position,
you radio automatically transmits the audio sign at the and of your
transmission. The listener can note easily your transmission is over
through the sign.
13. MODE (PA/AM/FM) SWITCH. This switch is used to select PA, FM,
AM mode of operation. The AM or FM mode is normally, but when you
set to PA position, the transceiver acts as a public address amplifier.
Before operating PA, you must first connect an external PA speaker (8
ohm, more than 2W) to the PA Speaker jack on the unit rear panel.
14. FREQUENCY COUNTER. This frequency counter indicates the
selected frequency you wish to operate on.
15. OFF/NB/NB+. When the switch is placed in the NB position, the RF
noise blanker also is activated. The RF noise blanker is very effective for
repetitive impulse noise such as ignition interference. If you wish to turn
off the frequency display only set switch to NB+ position.
- 10 -9-
PRESS-TO-TALK MICROPHONE
REAR PANEL
The receiver and transmitter are controlled by the press-to-talk switch on the
microphone. Press the switch and the transmitter is activated, release switch
to receive. When transmitting, hold the microphone two inches from the
mouth and speak clearly in a normal “voice”. The radios come complete with
low-impedance (500 ohm) dynamic microphone. For installation instruction
on other microphones, see next section, “ALTERNATE MICROPHONES
AND INSTALLATION”.
OPERATING PROCEDURE TO RECEIVE
19. POWER. Accepts 13.8V DC power cable with built-in fuse (4 amp.) to
be connected.
20. EXT SP. Accepts 4 to 8 ohms, 5 watt external speaker to be connected.
When external speaker is connected to this jack, the built-in speaker is
automatically disconnected.
1.
Be sure that power source, microphone and antenna are connected to the
proper connectors before going to the next step.
2.
Turn unit on by tuning VOL control clockwise on your transceiver.
3.
Set the VOLUME for a comfortable listening level.
4.
Set the MODE switch to the desire mode.
5.
Listen to the background noise from the speaker. Turn the SQUELCH
control slowly clockwise until the noise JUST disappears (no signal
should be present). Leave the control at this setting. The SQUELCH is
now properly adjusted. The receive will remain quiet until a signal is
actually received. Do not advance the control too far, or some of the
weaker signals will not be heard.
6.
Set CHANNEL selector switch to the desired channel.
7.
Set the RF gain control fully clockwise for maximum RF gain.
21. PA. SP. Used to connect a PA speaker (8 ohm 4W) for PA operation.
Before operating PA you must first connect a PA speaker to this jack.
22. ANTENNA. Accepts 50 ohm coaxial cable with a type PL-259 plug to
be connected.
OPERATING PROCEDURE TO TRANSMIT
- 11 -
1.
Select the desired channel of transmission.
2.
Set the MIC GAIN control fully clockwise.
3.
If the channel is clear, depress the push-to-talk switch on the microphone
and speak in a normal voice.
- 12 -
ALTERNATE MICROPHONES AND INSTALLATION
For best results, the user should select a low-impedance dynamic type
microphone or a transistorized microphone. Transistorized type microphones
have a low output impedance characteristic. The microphones must be
provided with a four-lead cable. The audio conductor and its shielded lead
comprise two of the leads. The fourth lead is for receive control, and the third
is for transmit control. The microphone should provide the functions shown
in schematic below.
4 WIRE MIC CABLE
Pin Number
Mic Cable Lead
1
Audio shield
2
Audio Lead
3
Transmit control
4
Receive Control
Fig. 2 Microphone plug wiring
1.
Remove the retaining screw
2.
Unscrew the housing from the pin receptacle body
3.
Loosen the two cable clamp retainer screws.
Fig. 1 Your transceiver microphone schematic.
4.
Feed the microphone cable through the housing, knurled ring and washer
as shown Fig. 2.
If the microphone to be used is provided with pre-cut leads, they must be
revised as follows.
5.
The wires must now be soldered to the pins as indicated in the above
wiring tables. If a vise or clamping tool is available it should be used to
hold the pin receptacle body during the soldering operation, so that both
hands are free to perform the soldering. If a vise or clamping tool is not
available, the pin receptacle body can be held in a stationary position by
inserting it into the microphone jack of the front panel. The numbers of
the pins of the microphone plug are shown in Fig. 3, as viewed from the
back of the plug. Before soldering the wire to the pins, pre-tin the wire
receptacle of each pin of the plug.
1.
Cut leads so that they extend 7/16” beyond the plastic insulating jacket
of the microphone cable.
2.
All leads should be cut to the same length. Strip the ends of each wire
1/8” and tin the exposed wire.
Before beginning the actual wiring read carefully, the circuit and wiring
information provided with the microphone you select. Use the minimum
head required in soldering the connections. Keep the exposed wire lengths to
a minimum to avoid shorting when the microphone plug is reassembled.
- 13 -
- 14 -
MEMO
Fig. 3 Microphone plug pin numbers viewed from rear of pin
receptacle.
Be sure that the housing and the knurled ring of Fig. 2 are pushed back
onto the microphone cable before starting to solder. If the washer is not
captive to the pin receptacle body, make sure that it is placed on the
threaded portion of the pin receptacle body before soldering.
If the microphone jack is used to hold the pin receptacle during the
soldering operation, best results are obtained when the connections to
pins 1 and 3 are made first and then the connections to pins 2 and 4.
Use a minimum amount of solder and be careful to prevent excessive
solder accumulation on pins, which could cause a short between the pin
and the microphone plug housing.
6.
When all soldering connections to the pins of the microphone plug are
complete, push the knurled ring and the housing forward and screw the
housing onto the threaded portion of the pin receptacle body. Note the
location of the screw clearance hole in the plug housing with respect to
the threaded hole in the pin receptacle body. When the housing is
completely threaded into the pin receptacle body, a final fraction of a
turn either clockwise or counterclockwise may be required to align the
screw hole with the threaded hole in the pin receptacle body. When these
are aligned, the retaining screw is then screwed into the place to secure
the housing to the pin receptacle body.
7.
The two cable clamp retainer screws should now be tightened to secure
the housing to the microphone cord. If the cutting directions have been
carefully followed, the cable clamp should secure to the insulating jacket
of the microphone cable.
8.
Upon completion of the microphone plug wiring, connect and secure the
microphone plug in the transceiver.
- 15 -
- 16 -
MEMO
- 17 -
MEMO
- 18 -