Roostloggers (Titley)

Roostloggers (Titley)
An introductory manual
By
Cori Lausen
Wildlife Conservation Society Canada, and
Birchdale Ecological Ltd.
Taking it out of the box…
The RL comes with:
– A piece of bubble wrap
to protect the mic.
• The mic is the only
‘sensitive’ feature on the
detector
• Mic can scratch easily,
so always carry it in a
way that the mic will not
rub up against
something hard.
Taking it out of the box…
The RL comes with:
– A magnet.
• This is used to test that
the unit is working before
you walk away from it.
• It may be desirable to
attach this onto the
pelican case.
Example in photo: magnet
attached to handle using
releasable zip-tie.
Taking it out of the box…
The RL comes with:
– A USB cable that has an
elbow on one end.
• This cable is needed to change
the clock on the detector. If will
usually come set on central time
zone from Titley.
• You will need to load a USB driver
onto your computer to
communicate with the RL via this
USB cable. (see next section)
– A CD with software and
driver.
The Outside…
• Microphone
– Take precautions to not
scratch this!
• LED light on front panel
– A red LED light tells you
if the unit has power
and is functioning.
– see LED light summary
in Deployment section
for details (Deployment
slide)
The Inside…
Plug for USB cable that
will attach RL to computer.
Serial number of RL (white
box with writing).
SD card ejection button push to allow SD card to
be ejected safely; yellow
light will flash
SD card slot (you can push on card to eject only if
you have first pushed the eject button to the
right, or you’ve removed power to the RL).
Setting it up for the first time…
1. Copy all CD contents into a
folder on your computer.
2. Place 4 D batteries in the
RL to power it.
– You may need to wiggle them a bit to
ensure good contact.
– You will know the detector has power
as the LED on the outside of the lid
flashes red.
– The red LED will not flash if there is an
SD card installed and/or the USB cable
is connected to the RL.
– see Battery Options section for details
on batteries to use in different
situations
Setting it up for the first time…
3. Set the clock on the RL.
i.
use the USB cable to
attach the RL to your
computer.
-when the USB cable is
connected between the RL
and the computer, you
should see a yellow
flashing light
Note: this yellow light has dual purpose – it will also flash when the SD
eject button is pushed for the safe ejection of the SD card.
Setting it up for the first time…
3. Set the clock on the RL (cont’d)
ii. Driver installation. If this is the first time you
have had the RL attached to your computer, once it
is plugged in, it will ask to install a driver as it will be
an ‘unknown device’. This process differs depending
on the operating system you are using. In most
cases it will come up with a window that asks to
look for the driver file. You should direct it to the
folder in which you copied all of the CD materials.
Installing Driver in Windows7
Control Panel; Devices; right click mouse on unspecificed device (ie.
Roostlogger)
Properties
Hardware, Properties
General, Change Settings
General, Update Driver
Browse to the folder/file
you’ve copied from the
CD
Setting it up for the first time…
3. Set the clock on the RL (cont’d)
iii. Checking port number.
Once the driver is installed, the RL will be assigned a port number.
Look this number up in DEVICE MANAGER (Ports); again, this is slightly
different with each operating system. Generally you reach this through
Control Panel, Hardware and Sound (or System), Devices (or Device
Manager), Ports.
To open the Device Manager:
• For Windows 7, click on
Start > Control Panel > System > Device Manager
• For Window XP, click on
Start > Control Panel > System > Hardware > Device Manager
Setting it up for the first time…
3. Set the clock on the RL (cont’d)
iii. Checking port number (cont’d)
Roost Logger will appear in an entry under “Ports (Com and LPT)”. Take note
of the port number for the RoostLogger device (COM XX). If it has been
assigned a port greater than 9, then you will need to change this number to
be 9 or lower.
To change the Com port number:
• Right click on the Roost Logger entry
• Click on Properties > Port Settings > Advanced
• Click on the drop down list from the “COM port number” box to see the
options.
Take note of the port number for the RoostLogger device (COM XX). Note that
checking this port number may need to be done in subsequent times when
you connect the RL to your computer for future clock changes.
Setting it up for the first time…
Device Manager
Ports
If the COM port number listed for the
Roostlogger is >9 then you will need
to reassign the port number.
RIGHT CLICK THE MOUSE
PROPERTIES
ADVANCED
Setting it up for the first time…
Setting it up for the first time…
3. Set the clock on the RL (cont’d)
iv. Open CFCRead.
One piece of software provided on the CD is CFCread.
Note: Be sure you have the RL plugged into your computer and powered on
(you should see the yellow flashing light on the Board of the RL by the USB
connection, and the red flashing LED on the front outside of the pelican lid.
Double click the .exe file to open this program.
Setting it up for the first time…
CFCRead:
Always check you are
using the most recent
version of software, but
clicking the top left corner
and then ‘about CFCread’.
You must use 4.4j or later.
If ever troubleshooting, Titley
will ask you for this version
number.
Setting it up for the first time…
CFCRead:
In the bottom window of the
CFCRead program, select the
port number that corresponds
to the RL.
Then click OPEN.
Setting it up for the first time…
Bottom window of CFCRead:
You can check
VERSION of firmware on your RL
– this will upgrade over time so
ask Titley if you are unsure if you
are running the latest version).
GetID (this is the Serial Number
of your RL. This same number is
inscribed on the Board in the RL.
Check (to see how far off the
clock is relative to your
computer’s clock)
Set (will change the RL’s clock to
the same time as your
computer)
Setting it up for the first time…
CFCRead:
When you have set the
clock on the RL, you may
wish to CHECK that the
clock has indeed been
adjusted.
Important: When done,
click CLOSE.
Setting it up for the first time…
3. Initialize the SD card.
i. Choose an SD Card. You can use any
size of SD card, but only 4 GB of
memory can be used by the RL, so it is
cheapest to just buy this size of card or
smaller.
To minimize the amount of battery
power that the RL consumes, use SD
cards that write ‘slow’ (ie. Not Ultra;
ideally class 4 or lower).
Setting it up for the first time…
3. Initialize the SD card.
ii. Format SD card in your computer.
-in “my computer” select the card
-right click and select FORMAT
-select Fat32 and Quick format
-OK
iii. Open CFCread program. Use UPPER
Part of the software window.
Setting it up for the first time…
CFCRead:
Note that the top part of
this software window is
used for the SD card ONLY
(vs. the bottom window is
used for communications
with the RL via USB cable).
Setting it up for the first time…
CFCRead:
Choose Input File
Find the SD card that you
just formatted.
Click INITIALIZE CF.
Setting it up for the first time…
CFCRead, initializing
card:
Click YES.
Setting it up for the first time…
CFCread, Programming
SD card.
After initialization, you
are ready to program
the card (see next
section)
Programming the SD card…
CFCread, Programming
SD card.
Use CFCRead (open .exe
file)
Always be sure you are
using the latest version
of software
-see CFCRead slide for how to do
this.
Programming the SD card…
CFCread, Programming
SD card.
Choose Input File
Select the SD card
Click SAMPLING
Programming the SD card…
• Decide which
sample period
best suits your
needs.
• Programmed
Sampling Table
will adjust to
meet this goal
by subsampling.
• The RL will
record longer
than this period
if there is still
battery life.
Programming the SD card…
• Decide which
sampling regime
best suits your
needs.
• If you select a
sampling regime
too intense for
battery life, the
Net Sampling
Ratio will
decrease (see
subsequent
slide).
Programming the SD card…
Enter your site’s waypoint in
decimal degrees (latitude
and longitude).
• here in North America the
latitude will be a
+(positive) number, but
the longitude will be a –
(negative) number!
• CFCread requires you
enter a number first, then
use the back arrow key to
insert a negative sign
Programming the SD card…
Enter your time zone. If
you are not sure what
time zone, be sure to
consult your computer’s
date/time (see next
slide)
- Recall that CFCread
requires you enter a number
first, then use the back arrow
key to insert a negative sign
Programming the SD card…
Enter your time zone. If you
are not sure what time zone,
be sure to consult your
computer’s date/time.
 Standard time vs
daylight savings (e.g.
Mountain Time zone –7
in winter during MST
but -6 in summer
during MDT)
 This must match the
time zone of your RL;
otherwise, change the
clock on your RL (see
Getting Started
section).
Programming the SD card…
• Select a
conservative
estimate of
battery
AmpHours
(AH)
– see next slide for tips
Programming the SD card…
Always take note of
the ‘Net Sampling
Ratio’
If this drops below
100%, then each 5
minute sampling
period will be
subsampled by the
percentage indicated.
This is RL’s way of
allowing sampling to
continue as long as the
desired time period.
(see next slides for
more details)
Programming the SD card…
• Estimating battery AmpHours
– You are FAR BETTER to underestimate these AmpHrs
if it is important that the RL last for the duration of
the desired recording (run) time (e.g. 6 months).
• The RL will strive to have the batteries last as long as the
desired sampling timeframe (e.g. 6 months). To do this,
CFCRead will program the RL to ‘subsample’ if necessary in
each 5 minute period to extend battery life through the
desired time period. You will know if you have exceeded
the system’s power capacity (or potential card space) and
must therefore subsample by taking note of the %Nett
Sampling Ratio.
Programming the SD card…
% nett sampling ratio
• Indicates whether the RL will subsample in 5 minute
periods or not.
• For example, if this says 80% that means it will subsample
each 5 minute period, recording for only 4 minutes in total
instead. This would allow the RL to continue to sample for
the desired sampling period length (e.g. 6 months).
• If 100% nett, then the AmpHrs of the batteries selected
should provide enough power to run the RL for the
desired sampling period length.
– However, recall that battery performance can vary dramatically,
depending on temperature, manufacturer, age of battery, draw of
SD card, etc.
Programming the SD card…
• Estimating battery AmpHours
– As a general guideline, reasonable quality D alkaline
batteries should provide about 10-17 AmpHrs. To
maximize power you MUST use higher quality D
batteries (eg. Energizer Max, Energizer Industrial,
Duracell Pro).
– If you are using 4 Lithium AA batteries, the AmpHrs will
be ~3-3.5 AmpHr but this may be sufficient for your
needs (see Battery Options Section).
– 2 Lithium D batteries are the best option for cold
weather (see Battery Options Section)
• there are generally 2 types of Li D batteries: 1. the standard
ones can provide ~17 AmpHrs; 2. higher capacity Li D batteries
can be purchased that will provide even higher AmpHrs but are
very expensive.
Programming the SD card…
• Select a location for
the log (sampling
table info) to be
stored as a text file.
Programming the SD card…
• Optional: check to make
sure the card has a
sampling table
programmed on it.
Click CHECK CARD.
Deploying the Roostlogger
Steps:
1. Insert batteries (See Battery Options section for type)
–
In some cases, if the detector has been prepared already for
deployment, batteries may already be in the detector
•
•
e.g. I often flip one battery around so it needs to be righted to engage
power. You need only find the one battery that is in upside down; flip
around to the correct polarity
E.g. you may put a piece of paper between the battery(ies) and the
housing preventing draw on the batteries. In this case you need only
remove the paper to power up the unit.
2. Ensure red LED light flashing (ie. RL has power)
3. If there is not already an SD card in the slot in the Board,
then insert SD card. Yellow light will flash briefly (3 times)
to indicate SD card sampling table has been read.
4. Red LED on front cover will stop flashing (ie. Turn off).
Deploying the Roostlogger
Steps:
5. Close lid of pelican case. There should be no red
light showing on the lid.
6. Check it is running: Hold magnet close to LED.
• it will flash red briefly to indicate that it has power
and is thus running
• if at this time the RL is its programmed recording
period:
– the red light will flicker red as the magnet is held close
when data is not being recorded
– the red light will stay on brightly/continuously if data is
actually being written at that moment.
– No light?? Something is wrong….. See Troubleshooting
section (next)
Deployment - Troubleshooting
If the RL’s LED does not light up with the magnet, then the RL is not
working correctly, and thus follow these steps, and then test again:
1. Pull out at least one battery, to disconnect the power.
2. Eject the SD card by pushing on it.
3. Reposition batteries and ensure they are all engaged. Red LED will
flash if unit is getting power.
-If it is not, then wiggle and check batteries until power has been
established.
4. Reinsert the SD card. Ensure the yellow light by the SD slot flashes
to indicate the SD card’s programmed sampling table has been
recognized.
-If this does not happen, check card in CFCread to see if card has a
sampling table (see CFCRead Slide). Reprogram card if needed (see
Programming Slide).
5. Retest with the magnet near the LED on front panel. If still not
working, go back to Step 1.
Caution….
THE SD CARD SHOULD NOT BE REMOVED
FROM THE ROOSTLOGGER WHILE IT HAS
POWER.
EITHER:
1. Remove a battery to cut power, then eject
SD card by pushing on it (spring-loaded).
2. Push the special SD Eject button (see
Inside of RL picture). The yellow light
next to the slot will flash to indicate it is
safe to eject SD card. Eject SD card by
pushing on it.
Placement of the RL….
• The RL is designed to record bats that pass close to
the detector (<10 m)
– Thus be sure to position the RL in a place where bats in the
roost, or moving in/out of the roost are likely to fly within a
few metres of the detector
• Dripping water and movement (e.g. woodrats) can
produce ultrasound intense enough to trigger the RL,
and could thus generate noise files.
– Thus, reduce the recording of noise (increases file numbers
and depletes battery supply faster)
• If water freezes on the mic, bats will not be recorded
(no ultrasound will pass through mic).
Placement of the RL….
• The RL is waterproof, but if it gets submersed in
COLD water, it may take on water, thus it is best to
place RL where it will not submerge.
• The RL has a built in temperature datalogger and a
.txt file will be produced that show logged
temperatures. Thus if there is a certain location in
the roost where you’d like to know about
microclimate, position the RL in this location.
Placement of the RL….
• Remember that your RL might
come in contact with animals, such
as humans or woodrats.
– You may wish to lock it in place. A
padlock can secure the lid. A chain
might be used to lock it to
something.
– You may wish to secure the RL in a
way that woodrats cannot chew on
the mic, and cannot chew off any
straps that hold it into place.
(e.g. in photo, where rocks have been used
prevent woodrats from chewing on strap.
Wire can also be used to keep RL’s in place.)
Placement of the RL….
You may want to put
some ‘notes’ on your RL:
-indicate what this unit does to let people know this pelican case
contains nothing of value to them
-a contact name/address/ phone number may be a good idea.
Other user tips….
Internal Time Zone Label
To remind yourself what
time is on the internal clock
of the RL, especially if you
work in different time zones.
You need to know this
information when you
program an SD card for the
unit.
Battery Options
Battery Basics:
Lithium vs Alkaline – alkaline performance (amphours) is
substantially reduced in cold temperatures. Consider Lithium for
anything less than 10oC. Lithium batteries are also substantially
lighter in weight.
Voltage – internal batteries must provide roughly between 5-7.5 volts
to operate.
• Four alkaline D batteries are 1.5x4V = 6 volts.
• If you use Lithium D batteries, each is 3.6V, thus only use TWO (ie.
3.6V x 2 = 7.2V).
• If you use Lithium AA batteries (in D shells) then each battery is
1.5V, thus 1.5V x 4 = 6V.
Battery Options
Battery Basics (cont’d)
AmpHours – what really matters is how many amphours you are providing to the
RL (ie. How much total energy).
Amp hours are the standard measure of the energy storage capacity. When in use,
a battery's voltage remains constant. The current (amperage) varies depending on
how much power is being used.
Eg. For example, a battery rated at 80 amp hours can deliver a 20-amp current for
up to four hours.
Read more: How to Calculate 12 Volt AMP Hours | eHow.com
http://www.ehow.com/how_5567042_calculate-volt-amphours.html#ixzz2Fipyw4Rh
Battery Options
Battery Basics (cont’d)
AmpHours – what really matters is how many amphours you are providing to the
RL (ie. How much total energy).
Typical alkaline D batteries (good quality) = 8-10 AH
Long-lasting alkaline D batteries (e.g. Max, Ultra) = ~12 AH
Standard Lithium (Li-Thionyl Chloride) D batteries (e.g. SAFT) = 17 AH
perform well in cold
High capacity Lithium D batteries (e.g. SAFT) = 19 AH perform well in cold
Standard AA alkaline = 1-2.5 AH
Lithium AA = 3-3.5 AH perform well in cold
Remember that when batteries are placed into the RL they are done so in SERIES, as
such, the voltages sum (e.g. 1.5+1.5+1.5+1.5 = 6 V),but the amphours remain the
same. So if an alkaline D battery is rated at 8000mAH (ie. 8 AH), then 4 of them in
the RL will still have a capacity of 8AH, but will provide 6 volts.
Battery Options
Battery Basics (cont’d)
AmpHours – Reduction in cold temperatures. It is hard to figure out exactly what
types of capacity decreases may be experienced, but the following can be a bit of a
guide:
• Expect about 60% decrease in AmpHour capacity of batteries at ~-7oC
• Expect about 40% decrease in AmpHour capacity of batteries at ~-1oC
Eg., If 4 alkaline D batteries in a RL in a roost that will remain around freezing,
or slightly below, are rated at 17000 mAH (ie. 17AH) then you should assume
in the programming of the RL that the realized capacity will only be about 10
AH (40% reduction in capacity due to cold).
Battery Options
Keep in mind that if you choose a low AH battery, the RL will sample
less, and if it can’t actually sample for the duration of time that you
have requested, it will subsample within each 5 minute period to
lower its overall battery consumption.
It is important that you are conservative with your battery AH
estimates because the sampling table programmed onto the SD card
does not know whether you are placing these RL’s into cold or warm
weather, and whether you will record many or few bats.
Battery Options
Cost:
Li D batteries are expensive, with each
standard Li battery usually ~$25. You need
only two of these batteries though (see next
section).
Your cheapest option is D alkalines, but if
you are working in cold conditions (<10oC),
alkalines do not perform well, so your best
option may be Li AA’s (you’ll need D shells,
see this Battery Option slide).
Battery Options
Cost:
Li D batteries are 3.6 V each
Thus you only use two, not four.
e.g. http://www.amazon.com/LS33600Lithium-Thionyl-ChlorideBattery/dp/B00608YAFM/ref=sr_1_8?ie=UTF8
&qid=1355469376&sr=88&keywords=saft+lithium+d+battery
Battery Options
Adapting the RL to accommodate other batteries:
Cold Weather Option #1:
Li D batteries – you only need 2.
To fill the two empty cells, use either
1. Dummy D batteries (e.g. http://www.diamondgrow-lights.com/Illumitex-LED-Bulbs-ForMaglite/Dummy-Batteries/D-Size-DummyBattery::153.html )
2. Make a wire with alligator clip on each end to
short circuit the last 2 cells (see photo next
slide).
3. Carefully solder a wire across the last 2 cells
(negative of 3rd cell to positive of 4th cell).
Battery Options
Two Lithium D cell batteries
(3.6V each) go into these first 2
cells.
a wire with alligator clip on
each end to short circuit the
last 2 cells.
-be sure the connection is
secure and won’t pop off if
jarred.
Battery Options
Adapting the RL to accommodate other batteries:
Cold Weather Option #2:
Li AA batteries – use 4 batteries, but adapt size by using ‘D
shells’. (Remember that this has low AmpHours!)
•
E.g. http://www.amazon.com/Lenmar-Adapter-Size-ShellBattery/dp/B0008D5FRW
+
Downloading Data
1. Eject SD card
– Remember! Do not do this without first doing one
of the following:
• Remove a battery to cut the power to the detector,
then eject SD card by pushing on it.
OR
• Push the SD eject button (see Inside of RL slide); you
will see a yellow light flash, then you can eject the card
by pushing on it.
Downloading Data
2. Put SD Card into
computer.
3. Open CFCRead.
4. Choose input file.
5. Select the SD card.
6. Select Download.
7. Indicate which folder to
save data. (you can make a
new folder if needed)
Downloading Data
8. Keep all defaults as
shown in this slide. Push OK.
– only select Split Nights if you’d
like files to be put into
subfolders, each representing
one night of recordings.
– You will be given the option of
where to store the data, and
can create a new folder from
CFCRead.
Downloading Data
9. After the download is complete, files generated
can be viewed in AnalookW, another program
included on the CD.
Other info
• As firmware for the RL is upgraded (ie. The
‘software that runs the roostlogger), you will
need to attach your RL to a computer and
follow a special process to upgrade the
firmware. Refer to the User Manual for these
instructions.
Other info
• Changing the RL internal Clock:
– As you change time zones, you will likely want to
adjust the internal clock of the RL to match the
current time zone.
– To do this, follow the steps outlined in the
CFCread slides.