PCIe Expansion System User`s Manual

PCIe Expansion System
User's Manual
ExpressBox4
PCI Express® to PCI Express® Expansion
Model: EB4-1U-X8
EB4-1U-X8G2
Copyright © 2010 Mission Technology Group, Inc. - DBA Magma
This publication is protected by Federal Copyright Law, with all rights
reserved. No part of this publication may be copied, photocopied,
reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, translated, transmitted or
transcribed, in any form or by any means manual, electric, electronic,
electro-magnetic, mechanical, optical or otherwise, in whole or in part
without prior written consent from Magma.
Limitation of Liability
Information presented by Magma in this guide is believed to be accurate
and reliable. However, Magma assumes no responsibility for its use. No
license is granted by implication or otherwise to any rights of Magma.
Product specifications and prices are subject to change without notice.
Trademark References
Trademarks and registered trademarks are proprietary to their
respective manufacturers.
M A G M A
Table of Contents
PREFACE .............................................................................................. V
Advisories .............................................................................................. v
Safety Instructions..................................................................................vi
When Working Inside a Computer .........................................................vi
Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge ........................................... vii
Rack-Mount Instructions ...................................................................... viii
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION .......................................................... 1
General Specifications ........................................................................... 1
MTBF Top Level Calculations ................................................................ 1
Pre-Installation Information .................................................................... 3
Parts List ................................................................................................ 3
Tools Required for Installation................................................................ 3
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION ..................................... 4
Before you Begin.................................................................................... 5
Install PCI Express Host Card ................................................................ 5
Install Chassis in Rack ........................................................................... 7
Attach Power and Expansion Cables ................................................... 16
Laptop Installation (Optional) .................................................................... 17
Recheck the Installation ....................................................................... 19
Applying Power Correctly ..................................................................... 20
Starting Up:............................................................................................... 20
Software Driver Installation: ...................................................................... 21
Shutting Down: ......................................................................................... 24
CHAPTER 3
VERIFY INSTALLATION ............................................ 25
Windows .............................................................................................. 25
Mac OS X ............................................................................................. 26
Expansion Slot Utility ................................................................................ 26
Apple System Profiler........................................................................... 27
RedHat 9 Linux .................................................................................... 29
CHAPTER 4
INSTALL CARDS AND DRIVES ................................ 32
Open PCIe Expansion Chassis ........................................................... 32
Install 3rd Party PCIe Cards ................................................................. 33
Installing 3rd Party PCIe Cards ................................................................. 33
System Should Be Up and Running ..................................................... 34
SNMP Features and Configuration ...................................................... 35
SNMP Features ........................................................................................ 35
SNMP Configuration ................................................................................. 35
Configure Network Settings ...................................................................... 37
Configure SNMP Settings ......................................................................... 38
Change User Name and Password ........................................................... 39
Reset to Default Values ............................................................................ 39
Configure your SNMP Agent ..................................................................... 40
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Retrieving the MIB File ......................................................................40
Accessing the various SNMP functions......................................................41
Remote Chassis Reset (turnPowerOffOn) .........................................42
Remote Slot Power to the Chassis (turnSlot_x_OffOn) ......................43
Finishing Touches ................................................................................ 43
“Hot-Swappable” PCIe Card Installations ............................................. 44
Procedure for hot-un-plugging a PCIe plug in card: ...................................45
PCIe Expansion Solutions with the EB4-1U-X8 .................................... 48
Digi Design Pro Tools® .............................................................................48
Video Card expansion solutions ................................................................49
High Throughput storage solutions ............................................................51
CHAPTER 5
TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................ 53
Status Indicators and configuration switches for 01-04978-03 ............. 53
Status Indicators and configuration switches........................................ 53
Chassis Power Good Indicators: ................................................................54
Chassis RESET Indicators:........................................................................54
Chassis Signal Detect Indicators: ..............................................................54
EB4-1u-x8-G2 Chassis Slot Power Indicators: ...........................................55
Chassis Linkup and Activity Indicators: ......................................................55
Chassis Alternate Function DIP Switch: .....................................................57
SNMP Power-On Source Jumper: .............................................................58
Locating the Problem ........................................................................... 60
My Computer Can’t Find the PCIe Expansion System ...............................61
When Nothing Works .................................................................................63
My Computer Hangs During Power Up ..............................................64
My PCIe Card Doesn’t Work ......................................................................65
Support for 3PrdP Party PCIe Cards .......................................................67
Windows Error Codes ........................................................................67
My system hangs beyond a certain number of add-in cards.......................69
CHAPTER 6
HOW TO GET MORE HELP ....................................... 70
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) ...................................................... 70
Contacting Technical Support .............................................................. 70
Magma Debug Utility .................................................................................71
PCIScope Software Utility..........................................................................72
Returning Merchandise to MAGMA ...................................................... 74
APPENDIX A
NEED MORE PCIE SLOTS? ..................................... 75
Multiple PCIe Expansion System Configurations ................................. 75
Fan-Out .....................................................................................................77
Verify your configuration ....................................................................78
Daisy-Chaining ..........................................................................................78
Verify your configuration ....................................................................80
PCI e Card Conflicts ............................................................................. 81
Power-On Sequence for Advanced Configurations .............................. 81
Troubleshooting Advanced Configurations ........................................... 81
Finding the Problem Card ..................................................................83
APPENDIX B
COMPLIANCE .......................................................... 84
FCC ...................................................................................................... 84
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Industry Canada ................................................................................... 84
CE ........................................................................................................ 84
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Preface
Advisories
Five types of advisories are used throughout this manual to provide
helpful information, or to alert you to the potential for hardware damage
or personal injury. They are Note, Important, Caution, Warning, and
Danger. The following is an example of each type of advisory.
NOTE
Used to amplify or explain a comment related to procedural
steps or text.
IMPORTANT
Used to indicate an important piece of information or special
“tip” to help you
CAUTION
Used to indicate and prevent the following procedure or step
from causing damage to the equipment.
WARNING
Used to indicate and prevent the following step from causing
injury.
DANGER or STOP
Used to indicate and prevent the following step from causing
serious injury or significant data loss.
COMPATIBILITY ISSUE
Used to indicate a known or potential compatibility issue
between Magma and non-Magma hardware that may cause
malfunction.
Disclaimer: We have attempted to identify most situations that may
pose a danger, warning, or caution condition in this manual. However,
Magma. does not claim to have covered all situations that might require
the use of a Caution, Warning, or Danger indicator.
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Safety Instructions
Always use caution when servicing any electrical component. Before
handling the Magma PCI-Express Expansion chassis, read the following
instructions and safety guidelines to prevent damage to the product and
to ensure your own personal safety. Refer to the “Advisories” section for
advisory conventions used in this manual, including the distinction
between Danger, Warning, Caution, Important, and Note.
♦
Always use caution when handling/operating the computer.
Only qualified, experienced, authorized electronics personnel
should access the interior of the computer. The power supplies
produce high voltages and energy hazards, which can cause
bodily harm.
♦
Use extreme caution when installing or removing components.
Refer to the installation instructions in this manual for
precautions and procedures. If you have any questions, please
contact Magma Technical Support.
WARNING
High voltages are present inside the expansion chassis when the
unit’s power cord is plugged into an electrical outlet. Disconnect the
power cord from its source before removing the system cover.
Never modify or remove the radio frequency interference shielding from
your workstation or expansion unit. To do so may cause your installation
to produce emissions that could interfere with other electronic
equipment in the area of your system.
When Working Inside a Computer
Before taking covers off a computer, perform the following steps:
vi
1.
Turn off the computer and any peripheral devices.
2.
Disconnect the computer and peripherals from their power
sources to prevent electric shock or system board damage.
3.
Disconnect any telephone or telecommunications lines from
the computer.
M A G M A
In addition, take note of these safety guidelines when appropriate:
♦
To help avoid possible damage to systems boards, wait five
seconds after turning off the computer before removing a
component, removing a system board, or disconnecting a
peripheral device from the computer.
♦
When you disconnect a cable, pull on its connector or on its
strain-relief loop, not on the cable itself. Some cables have a
connector with locking tabs. If you are disconnecting this type
of cable, press in on the locking tabs before disconnecting the
cable. As you pull connectors apart, keep them evenly aligned
to avoid bending any connector pins. Also, before connecting a
cable, make sure both connectors are correctly oriented and
aligned.
CAUTION
Do not attempt to service the system yourself except as explained in
this manual. Follow installation instructions closely.
Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Warning
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) is the enemy of semiconductor
devices. You should always take precautions to eliminate any
electrostatic charge from your body and clothing before touching any
semiconductor device or card by using an electrostatic wrist strap
and/or rubber mat.
Static electricity can harm system boards. Perform service at an ESD
workstation and follow proper ESD procedures to reduce the risk of
damage to components. Magma strongly encourages you to follow
proper ESD procedures, which can include wrist straps and smocks,
when servicing equipment.
You can also take the following steps to prevent damage from
electrostatic discharge (ESD):
♦
When unpacking a static-sensitive component from its shipping
carton, do not remove the component’s anti-static packaging
material until you are ready to install the component in a
computer. Just before unwrapping the anti-static packaging, be
sure you are at an ESD workstation or are grounded.
♦
When transporting a sensitive component, first place it in an
anti-static container or packaging.
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♦
Handle all sensitive components at an ESD workstation. If
possible, use anti-static floor pads and workbench pads.
♦
Handle components and boards with care. Don’t touch the
components or contacts on a board. Hold a board by its edges
or by its metal mounting bracket.
Rack-Mount Instructions
Elevated Operating Ambient - If installed in a closed or multi-unit rack
assembly, the operating ambient temperature of the rack environment
may be greater than room ambient. Therefore, consideration should be
given to installing the equipment compatible with the maximum ambient
temperature (Tma) Specified by the manufacturer.
Reduced Air Flow - Installation of the equipment in a rack should be
such that the amount of air flow required for safe operation of the
equipment is not compromised.
Mechanical Loading - Mounting of the equipment in the rack should be
such that a hazardous condition is not achieved due to uneven
mechanical loading.
Circuit Overloading - Consideration should be given to the connection
of the equipment to the supply circuit and the effect that overloading of
the circuits might have on overcurrent protection and supply writing.
Appropriate consideration of equipment nameplate ratings should be
used when addressing this concern.
Reliable Earthing - Reliable earthing of rack-mounted equipment
should be maintained. Particular attention should be given to supply
connections other than direct connections to the branch circuit (e.g. use
of power strips).
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Chapter 1
Introduction
General Specifications
The Magma 4 Slot PCI Express® to PCI Express® Expansion System is
a general-purpose bus expansion chassis for the Peripheral Component
Interconnect Express (PCIe) local bus. The expansion chassis is fully
compliant with the PCI Express Local Bus Specification. This system
consists of a PCI Express host card, a 1-meter iPass cable, the 4 Slot
PCIe expansion chassis and a set of rack-mount brackets.
Item
Description


Host Card:
Backplane:









Enclosure:
Dimensions:
Weight:
Standard Cable Length:
PCI Express Bus Specification
PCI Local Bus Specification:
PCI Bridge Architecture Spec:
Interconnect Bandwidth:
Cooling:

Power Supply:


MTBF:
Monitoring:

Operating Environment:

Operating Systems:


Warranty:
Available Options:
Low Profile PCI Express x8 host card
4 PCIe slots (expandable to 8 or more by
chaining chases)
1U Rack-mount
19" W x 1.735" H x 28" D
27lbs or 12.25 kg
1-meter iPass cable
Revision 2
Revision 2.3
Revision 1.2
8000 MB/sec or 8 GByte/sec
Three 15.8 CFM fans
One fan in each power supply module
250W, 90-264VAC/5 A, 47-63HZ,
1+1 redundant, hot swappable power supply
4,500,000 hours see table on next page
SNMP via Ethernet
Audible Alarm
0º to 70º C Operating Temperature
-55º to 125º C Storage Temperature
0% to 90% Relative Humidity, Non-condensing
Windows XP/2000/Server 2003/Vista
Mac OS X version 10.4.x +
Red Hat Linux 9
1 Year Return to Factory
3-meter or 7-meter iPass cable
MTBF Top Level Calculations
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EB4-1U-x8G2 SYSTEM
Sub-assembly
Power supply n+1
Fan(s) n+1
Host card
Vertical Backplane
Horizontal
Backplane
SNMP Module
Total MTBF
2
Quantity
2
3
1
2
MTBF (unit)
[Hours]
100000.0
40000.0
27000000.0
50000000.0
MTBF (all units)
[Hours]
10000000000.0
1600000000.0
27000000.0
25000000.0
1
1
10000000.0
20000000.0
10000000.0
20000000.0
~ 4,500,000
M A G M A
Pre-Installation Information
Before using the Magma expansion chassis you should perform the
following steps:
•
•
•
Inventory the shipping carton contents for all of the required parts
Gather all of the necessary tools required for installation
Read this manual
Parts List
The following parts are provided as part of your expansion system:
Item
Qty
1
1
Item
1
EB4-1U-X8 Magma expansion chassis
1-meter shielded iPass™ cable
Low profile PCI Express x8 host card
2
2
1
Rail installation ears
U.S. Standard 115V power cord
Quick Start Guide
Tools Required for
Installation
In order to complete the installation of the Magma
expansion system you may need a Phillips-head
screwdriver, depending on the installation type.
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Chapter 2
Hardware Installation
The following steps will guide you through the installation of your
Magma expansion system.
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Warning
All PCI cards are susceptible to electrostatic discharge. When
moving PCI cards, it is best to carry the cards in anti-static
packaging. If you need to set a PCIe card down, be sure to place it
inside or on top of an anti-static surface. For more information, see
“Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the Preface.
WARNING
High voltages are present inside the expansion chassis when the
unit’s power cord is plugged into an electrical outlet. Disconnect the
power cord from its source before removing the enclosure cover.
Turning the system power off at the power on/off switch does not
remove power to components. High voltage is still present.
CAUTION
Before touching anything inside the enclosure, move to an ESD
station and follow proper ESD procedures. Failure to do so may
result in electrostatic discharge, damaging the computer or its
components. For more information, see “Protecting Against
Electrostatic Discharge” in the Preface.
STOP
If your Magma expansion chassis was not purchased directly from
Magma, you must check to ensure that it doesn’t contain any preinstalled PCIe cards.
Check the rear side of the chassis to see if any PCIe cards are visible
in the slots. If you see a PCIe card, you should continue installation
using instructions provided by your dealer. If no separate instructions
are available, remove the cover by using instructions in Chapter 4
Install Cards and Drives. Then remove the card(s) as normal. If no
PCIe card is visible, then continue with the cable installation.
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Before you Begin
The system’s ATX power supply is auto-switching. This means that it
will automatically switch to match whatever source power you are using.
Since all products ship with a US/Canadian Standard 125V power cord,
you will need to use a locally available power cord for non-US Standard
power sources.
Install PCI Express Host Card
Begin the installation of your PCI Express (PCIe) host card by first
powering down your computer. Use the procedures for shutting down
your operating system and shutting off power to your system provided in
your owner’s manual or system documentation.
The PCIe host card is a “half-height,” x8-capable PCIe card mounted to
a “full-height” bracket as shown below:
For low profile case applications, you may need to change the mounting
bracket to the low profile bracket that shipped with your system. This is
done by removing the screws that hold the card to the bracket. Be sure
you are using proper ESD procedures when completing this action.
Once the host computer is off and all power cords disconnected,
remove the cover and insert the PCI Express host card into a vacant x8
(or x16) PCIe slot by gently pushing the card until it is firmly seated.
Then secure the card to the slot with a mounting screw.
Notice that the PCI Express slots are located at a greater distance from
the edge of the computer’s mother-board than are the standard PCI
slots as illustrated in the following figure.
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M A G M A
STOP
YOU MUST ONLY INSTALL THE PCIe HOST CARD INTO A PCI
EXPRESS SLOT.
Only use cards WITH brackets. This will ensure that your PCIe host
card can only be inserted into a PCIe slot. Although PCI Express
cards without brackets may fit into conventional PCI slots, you run
the risk of damaging the PCI Express host card if you insert it into a
PCI slot. Please ensure that your host computer has PCI Express
slots and install the host card only into a PCI Express slot.
For more information on using PCIe cards, please refer to your
computer’s user manual or system documentation.
Next check the DIP switch settings on the Magma Host Card as shown:
Host /Expansion Switch (Default Host):
As long as the card is used as Host, the
switch should remain OFF. Move to the ON
position only when the card is used as an
Expansion Interface (EIF) in a Magma
Chassis that supports this feature.
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M A G M A
Bandwidth Switch (Default  x8):
This DIP switch sets the card’s PCIe interface bandwidth to either x4 or
x8 as can be seen in the photo.
For x8: Set pos. 1 & 2 to OFF (Default) right
For x4: Set pos. 1=ON and 2=OFF
Since the EB4-1U-X8 supports x8 speeds, it is set in the x8 position by
default. It should only be set to x4 if one is certain that the PCIe slot on
the host PC supports only a x4 PCIe bandwidth.
Install Chassis in Rack
Locate a vacant 1U slot in your rack that is within the reach of the onemeter cable that came with your EB4-1U-X8 Expansion System. Install
the rails in the rack as shown below:
Measure the rack from front to
back so you can confirm how
long the rail must be to fit
properly.
Installation of Rack Ears (Original)
Install Rack Ears on both sides of the EB41U..
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M A G M A
Use a 8/32 x 5/8 screws to mount the Rack Ears, as shown from the
photo below. The screws are provided in the KIT
Align the Rack Ear on the side of chassis and secure it with the two
screws, as shown from the picture
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NOTE
Notice that the holes on the Bar Nut are spaced unevenly to
accommodate different racks.
Using new Rack Ears ((with single mounting hole)
You can also use the new Rack Ear with single mounting hole, as
shown form the photo below.
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Use a 8/32 x 5/8 screws to mount the Rack Ears on both sides of EB41U, as shown from the photo below. The screws are provided in the KIT
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Next, assemble the Slide piece with the end bracket as shown and
secure with 2 Panhead screws and locking nut. Ensure the Phillips
screw head is located on the “open” side
How to secure EB4-1U using Original Rack Ears
Install the Chassis into the Rack slide and secure it using Truss Head
screws 8/32 X1
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M A G M A
Using New Rack Ears to Secure EB14 unit.
Secure EB4-1U unit onto the Rack using the new Rack Ear with
single-mounting hole. Use screw that came with the Rack.
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M A G M A
Attach Power and Expansion Cables
Carefully position the expansion chassis so that the supplied expansion
cable will conveniently reach from the host computer to the connectors
on the back of the chassis. Connect one end of the iPass cable to the
expansion chassis’ bottom iPass connector (labeled “IN” on top of the
mobile tray). Then connect the other end of the iPass cable to the host
card located in the host computer.
Connect one end of the cable to
the bottom iPass connector
Connect the power cord to the
power-in receptacle located at
the rear of the enclosure.
16
Connect the other end to
the host card.
M A G M A
CAUTION
All cables attached to the expansion chassis must be securely
fastened. When you hear a “click,” it is properly secured. If not
securely connected, the connectors may cause intermittent or lost
connections.
NOTE
If at all possible, plug all power cords from the expansion chassis
and your host computer into a shared power strip, preferably one
that has surge and noise suppression circuitry built into it.
Laptop Installation (Optional)
In addition to interfacing the EB4-1U-X8 expansion system to a PC, you
can now add additional PCI Express slots to your laptop by installing
Magma’s ExpressCard host and connecting it to your chassis with a
dedicated iPass-to-TDP cable featuring an iPass interface on one side
and a TDP interface on the other.
Attach one end of the PCI Express cable to the Magma ExpressCard
module and the other end to the connector on the back of the Magma
chassis.
TDP side to Laptop
iPass side to EB4-1U-X8
Chassis
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M A G M A
Tighten the thumbscrews connecting the ExpressCard to the cable on
one end and verify the other end is properly latched into the iPass
connector of the chassis.
In spite of the standardized design of the TDP interface, it is not
impossible to connect the male and female connectors upside-down. In
order to avoid that, please note the proper and improper concavity
orientation of the connectors as shown in the two cases below:
Picture A shows the
correct orientation:
Picture B shows the
Incorrect orientation:
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M A G M A
Before inserting the Magma ExpressCard, power down your laptop
computer. Use the procedures for shutting down and powering off your
system provided in your owner’s manual or system documentation.
Insert the Magma ExpressCard module with the logo side up, into the
ExpressCard slot on your computer. Gently push the card until it is
firmly seated.
NOTE
The Magma ExpressCard module can only be used in a computer
system that contains an ExpressCard slot. It will not function in
CardBus or PCMCIA slots.
NOTE
If your laptop’s ExpressCard slot is “spring-loaded”, be sure that your
ExpressCard is inserted correctly. It is very easy for this style slot to
partially release a card if touched slightly.
For more information on using ExpressCard modules, please refer to
your computer’s user manual or system documentation.
Recheck the Installation
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M A G M A
Check your installation before powering up the Magma expansion
chassis for the first time. Although the power supply has an over voltage
protection device built into it, it may not "trip" in time to fully protect a
device that has been improperly connected, or whose power cable has
been damaged.
CAUTION
This product is provided with a power supply that automatically
adjusts to input voltages between 100 to 240 Vac. A U.S. and
Canadian 125 V power supply cord is provided with this product. If
using this product outside of the U.S. or Canada, please use locally
available power supply cords
Applying Power Correctly
Starting Up:
You must apply power to the EB4-1U-X8 expansion chassis BEFORE
you power up your computer. This will allow the higher numbered PCIe
buses in the PCIe bus hierarchy to be at a stable state when the host
system issues its master power-on bus reset. In systems that perform
automatic PCIe bus configuration, this will allow the configuration code
to recognize the PCIe bus hierarchy and any attached devices.
U
There are three On/Off switches on the
front of the chassis, directly behind the front
panel, as well as LED indicators to indicate
power status. The master power switch is
located on the far left and individual power
switches are located on each power supply.
You must first turn on each of the individual
power switches. Only then can the entire
system be turned on using the master power switch.
20
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M A G M A
IMPORTANT
•
Unless both redundant power supplies are turned on first, an
alarm will sound once the master switch is activated (the
system considering one of them as having failed).
•
These 1+1 redundant power supplies are hot swappable,
which means that the system can fully operate on one power
supply while the other is removed for repair/replacement.
•
If replacing a power supply, be sure to turn off the power
supply switch prior to swapping a failed supply and secure the
new one in with its thumbscrew for better grounding and noise
immunity.
Windows Start Up
As your Windows computer starts
up, you will see a small message
box pop-up in the lower-right corner
of the screen to alert you that
Windows has found new hardware.
The system does not require any Magma drivers in order to operate
properly with the x8 PCIe Host card. However, it may require a driver in
order to work with the optional ExpressCard host, hence we added the
next section.
You may now proceed to Chapter 3 Verify Installation.
MAC Start Up
Apple MAC OS computers will boot up without any visible indicators that
the Expansion System is connected. Go to: Chapter 3 Verify Installation.
RedHat 9 Linux Start Up
Similarly, RedHat9 OS computers will boot up without any visible
indicators that the Expansion System is connected. Proceed to: Chapter
3 Verify Installation.
Software Driver Installation:
First it should be noted that a driver is NOT required for a non-Windows
OS. It may or may not be required for a Windows XP installation
rd
depending on your host system BIOS. You should first install your 3
Party card and connect the system as described earlier in this chapter.
The Magma software drivers should be installed only if you are having
problems accessing the expansion or if you require the HotPlug feature.
Before attempting to install anything on a Windows XP system, you
should ensure that you have set a new Restore Point.
See your Windows XP manual to learn how to set a new Restore Point.
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You should ensure that all data files are closed and that you have a
current backup.
STOP
Before installing drivers, you should ensure that you have a current
system backup of all of your important data.
Failure to follow these instructions exactly could result in a system
lock-up and potential loss of data.
You must also disable your anti-virus software before continuing.
For achieving the best results when installing the Magma driver:
 Have a current system backup or restore point
 Reboot and Shut down each time you are prompted
 Be logged in as a ‘System Administrator’
Install Driver
Open Magma’s support website at:
http://www.magma.com/support/drivers/index.html
1 Unless noted otherwise, you will find the latest universal driver for all
PCIe chasses listed on top of the older drivers on that page. If you
encountered a windows error code previously, scroll down to locate a
more specific driver for that error code.
2
Click on the Open button to create a C:\ExpressBox folder on your
computer.
3
Click on the Winzip button to unpack the files into the C:\ExpressBox
folder.
4 Click on the OK button to confirm the files are unpacked.
5 Click on the Close button to close WinZip.
6
Go to the C:\ExpressBox folder and double-click on the Setup.exe
file to start the driver installation.
7 Follow instructions on the screen during the installation.
8 Reboot your computer.
The setup program will prepare the necessary files and present the
following window to start the driver installation.
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Click Next to continue and review the licensing agreement.
Review the licensing agreement. If you agree, click Yes to continue. If
you do not agree, click No to exit.
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Rather than restarting your computer, it is recommended that you click
“No, I will restart my computer later.”, and then click Finish. You will
be instructed to SHUT DOWN your computer in the next step.
IMPORTANT
If installing the Magma driver didn’t produce the anticipated results
please see Chapter 6 for information on how to contact Magma’s
Technical support team. While every attempt was made to
produce as universal a driver as possible, there may be
compatibility issues with some systems. At the same time, the
driver is flexible enough to be customized to a client’s system by
turning specific internal functions on and off.
Shutting Down:
STOP
DO NOT TURN OFF THE MAGMA EXPANSION CHASSIS UNTIL
YOU HAVE SHUT DOWN YOUR COMPUTER COMPLETELY! It
can cause a system lockup and loss of any unsaved data.
When shutting your system down, it is recommended that you first shut
down the computer correctly, and then power down the Magma
expansion chassis to avoid ‘computer lock-up’ and potential data loss.
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M A G M A
CHAPTER 3
Verify Installation
Windows
To verify a successful installation on Windows, find the ‘My Computer’
icon and “right-click” on it. Then select ‘Manage’ from the pop-up menu.
Next, click on ‘Device Manager’ in the leftmost Computer Management
window. Finally, click on the View Menu and select View Devices by
Connection.
Open ACPI (BIOS)  Open PCI Bus Click the ‘+’ sign several times
until your reach a PCI Express Root Port with a PCI Standard PCI-toPCI Bridge beneath it.
When installed properly, you will see eight PCI Bridges (ports) below
your system’s PCIe Root port.
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M A G M A
If the verification is successful, you may now proceed to Chapter 4 and
rd
install 3 Party PCIe Cards as well as auxiliary peripherals, such as
hard drives into the chassis.
P
P
If, however, the installation was unsuccessful, you may not see the PCI
to PCI Bridge, or it will have a small yellow
below:
in front of it as shown
In that case proceed to Chapter 5 for Troubleshooting installation
problems.
Mac OS X
When using Mac OS X no additional software or drivers are needed.
The operating system should automatically recognize the Magma host
card and expansion chassis.
Expansion Slot Utility
The following screen may be displayed the first time you turn on your
computer with the Magma EB4-1U-X8 installed.
Choose OK.
MacOS X is prompting you to choose a PCI Express profile that
maximizes the performance of your attached devices. The Magma host
card can communicate up to a bandwidth of x8 to and from the
expansion chassis and devices. You should choose a profile that
matches the configuration of all the cards installed in your Mac. Magma
recommends that you install the system host card into a x8 slot in order
to maximize throughput.
In this example, the Magma host card is installed in slot 4 and appears
as “Intel PCI-to-PCI Bridge Card”.
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M A G M A
If your computer did not automatically prompt you to choose a PCI
Express profile, you can locate this utility under System  Library 
CoreServices  Expansion Slot Utility.app.
Apple System Profiler
When using Mac OS X no additional software or drivers are needed. As
long as you are using Mac OS X Version 10.4 or newer, the operating
system should automatically recognize the Magma expansion chassis.
Select “About This Mac” under the Apple Icon
Then click the “More Info” button  click on the Devices tab you
should see a pci-bridge device listed under PCI as shown below:
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M A G M A
Any PCIe Cards you install in the expansion chassis will appear behind
the pci-bridge device.
Mac OS 10.5.x
If any of these devices are not displayed as shown above, you should
shut down your system (computer first, then the expansion chassis) and
reconnect the cables and the PCIe expansion host card to ensure that
you have a solid connection. Then restart the Magma expansion
chassis followed by the computer. Next, try to verify the installation
again, as shown above. If you are still having problems, contact Magma
Technical Support at (858) 530-2511.
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M A G M A
RedHat 9 Linux
Once the EB4-1U-X8 has been installed in a RedHat9-based system, its
installation can be verified by typing the following command lines:
lspci –t Displays the overall structure of the PCIe expansion system
lspci –vv Lists additional information about the PCIe switch (in our
case it will list the Integrated Device Technology (IDT) information.
Ispci –vvv Displays the most comprehensive information about the
expansion system.
Below we’ve shown the output corresponding to the lscpi command:
00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Memory Controller Hub (rev 20)
00:01.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation PCI Express Port 1 (rev 20)
00:05.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation PCI Express Port 5 (rev 20)
00:09.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation PCI Express Port 9 (rev 20)
00:10.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation FSB Registers (rev 20)
00:10.1 Host bridge: Intel Corporation FSB Registers (rev 20)
00:10.2 Host bridge: Intel Corporation FSB Registers (rev 20)
00:10.3 Host bridge: Intel Corporation FSB Registers (rev 20)
00:10.4 Host bridge: Intel Corporation FSB Registers (rev 20)
00:11.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Unknown device 4031 (rev 20)
00:15.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation FBD Registers (rev 20)
00:15.1 Host bridge: Intel Corporation FBD Registers (rev 20)
00:16.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation FBD Registers (rev 20)
00:16.1 Host bridge: Intel Corporation FBD Registers (rev 20)
00:1b.0 Audio device: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB High
Definition Audio Controller (rev 09)
lscpi command cont.
00:1c.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB/3100 Chipset
PCI Express Root Port 1 (rev 09)
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M A G M A
00:1c.1 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB/3100 Chipset
PCI Express Root Port 2 (rev 09)
00:1d.0 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB/3100
Chipset UHCI USB Controller #1 (rev 09)
00:1d.1 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB/3100
Chipset UHCI USB Controller #2 (rev 09)
00:1d.2 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB/3100
Chipset UHCI USB Controller #3 (rev 09)
00:1d.3 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB/3100
Chipset UHCI USB Controller #4 (rev 09)
00:1d.7 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB/3100
Chipset EHCI USB2 Controller (rev 09)
00:1e.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801 PCI Bridge (rev d9)
00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB/3100 Chipset
LPC Interface Controller (rev 09)
00:1f.1 IDE interface: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB IDE
Controller (rev 09)
00:1f.2 RAID bus controller: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB SATA
RAID Controller (rev 09)
00:1f.3 SMBus: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB/3100 Chipset
SMBus Controller (rev 09)
01:00.0 VGA compatible controller: nVidia Corporation Unknown device
040e (rev a1)
The highlighted segment below of the lscpi command corresponds to
the Magma expansion system:
02:00.0 PCI bridge: Integrated Device Technology, Inc. Unknown device
8037
03:02.0 PCI bridge: Integrated Device Technology, Inc. Unknown device
8037
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M A G M A
03:04.0 PCI bridge: Integrated Device Technology, Inc. Unknown device
8037
03:06.0 PCI bridge: Integrated Device Technology, Inc. Unknown device
8037
03:08.0 PCI bridge: Integrated Device Technology, Inc. Unknown device
8037
03:0a.0 PCI bridge: Integrated Device Technology, Inc. Unknown device
8037
03:0c.0 PCI bridge: Integrated Device Technology, Inc. Unknown device
8037
03:0e.0 PCI bridge: Integrated Device Technology, Inc. Unknown device
8037
0b:00.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 6311ESB/6321ESB PCI Express
Upstream Port (rev 01)
0b:00.3 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 6311ESB/6321ESB PCI Express
to PCI-X Bridge (rev 01)
0c:00.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 6311ESB/6321ESB PCI Express
Downstream Port E1 (rev 01)
0f:00.0 Ethernet controller: Broadcom Corporation NetXtreme BCM5754
Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express (rev 02)
10:00.0 Ethernet controller: Broadcom Corporation
BCM5754 Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express (rev 02)
NetXtreme
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M A G M A
Chapter 4
Install Cards and Drives
rd
This chapter provides information on how to install 3 Party PCIe cards
into your MAGMA expansion chassis. More details on the installation of
individual cards are provided by the card’s manufacturer. This chapter is
provided as a simple guide to help you install your PCIe cards in the
chassis.
P
P
For the purpose of installation, the MAGMA expansion chassis functions
exactly as a standard desktop computer chassis. Always follow the
manufacturer’s instructions for installing their card or hard drive on a
desktop computer.
IMPORTANT
We will provide reasonable technical support with 3rd Party PCIe
cards. However, if you have verified a successful installation of
the MAGMA expansion system (as defined in Chapter 3), but
experience difficulty installing your 3rd Party PCIe cards, the card
manufacturer should be able to provide the best support.
P
HU
P
P
UH
P
Open PCIe Expansion Chassis
Two (2) thumbscrews secure the PCIe slots in the expansion chassis.
Loosen these screws and pull to slide the PCIe slots out.
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M A G M A
Install 3rd Party PCIe Cards
CAUTION
When installing PCIe cards, please ensure that the input current
rating specified on the AC input label is not exceeded.
Installing 3rd Party PCIe Cards
The EB4-1U-X8 chassis provides space for up to four (4) PCIe cards.
Generally, it makes no difference which PCIe slot you use when
rd
installing your 3 Party PCIe cards in the MAGMA expansion chassis,
unless specified by the card manufacturer. As can be seen in the
following graphic, each of the four PCIe slots has a sliding slot guide to
allow you to install any size PCIe card. Simply loosen the adjustment
screw for the slot you are using and slide is forward or backward until
the card fits snugly. Then tighten the adjustment screw and secure the
card to the slot cover using the screw provided.
P
P
If your PCIe card is too short for the
adjustable card slot guides, you can
rotate the slot guard to make if fit.
Simply loosen the adjustment screw
for the slot you are using and slide
the guard to pivot hole, as shown,
and remove it.
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M A G M A
Next, rotate the slot guard 180° and reinsert it. Finally, adjust the card
slot guard to fit the card’s length.
Be sure to install your PCIe cards following the PCIe card
manufacturer’s recommendations. Some PCIe card manufacturers
recommend that you install their software driver(s) prior to installing the
hardware. If this is the case, you should install their driver before you
connect and power up the expansion chassis.
Make sure that all PCIe cards are fully seated in their connectors. When
correctly seated in its connector, you will notice a firm resistance when
you pull up gently on the card. To keep the cards in place, secure them
in the enclosure with their retaining screws (supplied with the MAGMA
expansion chassis).
IMPORTANT
The sheer number of PCIe cards and device drivers available
makes it impossible for Magma to fully test and certify all available
PCIe cards for use in the MAGMA expansion chassis. Our best
advice to you in this regard is to insist on full PCIe Specification
compliance from your card and system vendors. Cards and
systems should be at least PCIe Specification Revision 1.0
compliant or better. Compliance in your system motherboard, PCIe
cards, and console firmware (or BIOS) is your best assurance that
everything will install and operate smoothly.
Not all PCIe cards are as "well-behaved" as they should be.
Sometimes simply moving a PCIe card that is having a problem to
a different slot, or reordering your cards in their slots, will alleviate
"behavior" problems.
System Should Be Up and Running
Apply power to the MAGMA expansion chassis first, then power up the
computer.
Use the procedures detailed in Chapter 3 to confirm the card
installation(s) in the Windows Device Manager or Apple System Profiler.
When everything is functioning correctly, your Windows Device
Manager should look something like this:
HU
34
UH
M A G M A
rd
If you discover that any of your 3 Party PCIe cards contain a
you
have a problem with that card. Refer to Chapter 6 Troubleshooting for
further guidance.
HU
U
U
UH
SNMP Features and Configuration
SNMP Features
Magma’s EB4-1U-X8 chassis supports the Simple Network
Management Protocol for remote monitoring and administration by
offering the following features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Internal Temperature monitoring
External Temperature monitoring
Clear Alarm button monitoring
Swappable fan status (for fans 1,2 and 3 in the front)
Power supply 1 status
Power supply 2 status
Power supply fan 1 status
Power supply fan 2 status
10 Traps are defined to alert the SNMP server in case of
overheat or failure in any of the subsystems mentioned above
Remote chassis turn on
Configuration retrieval via standardized MIB file interface (see
Retrieving the MIB file section)
SNMP Configuration
To ensure that you can
successfully monitor your
new system, you will
need to connect it to a
local or private hub using
a standard RJ45
Ethernet Cable. Connect
one end of the cable to
the RJ45 port, located on the rear of the chassis, and the other end to
your local area network connector. In case you connect the chassis to a
local computer/laptop be sure to use a Hub with a regular network cable
or a crossover cable without a Hub.
The SNMP module in the EB4-1U-X8 system is configured for DHCP
access (though this setting can be changed as described in the next
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M A G M A
section). Once the chassis is turned on it will be assigned an IP
address by your network’s DHCP server.
If you have access to your network’s DHCP server make sure to look up
and write down that IP address. In any other case you will need to use
the IPsetup.exe utility to discover the IP address that was assigned to
the chassis. It can be downloaded at:
http://www.magma.com/support ,
Click Drivers and Utilities, search for IPsetup.exe
Double click on the utility icon after your chassis has been connected to
the network and powered on. It will then identify your chassis based on
its MAC address and display the following information:
In this case the IPsetup utility has found the EB4-1U-X8 chassis at IP
address 192.168.1.10 .
To verify we’ve successfully detected the EB4-1U-X8 on our network
press on the Launch Webpage button or open your browser and direct
it to the new found IP address of the chassis (in our case it will be:
http://10.203.0.186).
CAUTION
Aside from reading an IP address, the IPsetup.exe utility can be
used to set an IP address other than the one assigned initially by the
DHCP server—using the Set button. It is recommended, however,
not to use the utility for this purpose since we will loose connectivity
with the chassis until the machine running IPsetup.exe obtains an IP
address in the same IP subnet. The next section will show a
preferred way of accomplishing this via the browser interface. In
case you need to back-trace any of these steps, you can always
reset the chassis back to its factory settings.
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M A G M A
Configure Network Settings
Open your browser and enter the IP address in the URL window and
press Enter. The following browser window will open up:
The initial page provides status information and no username or
password is required. If the main power switch is off, then this page will
show the IP Address that is currently assigned to the chassis, the IP
Address that will receive trap information, the temperature settings and
that the chassis is powered off. To make changes to your settings you
will need to follow the “Chassis Settings” Link. This page is password
protected and before access is given the following dialog will appear
The factory settings will define the User name to be “default”
and the password to be “magma”. Enter these values in the
appropriate field and select OK. If the username and password
have not been changed from the factory settings, the Device
Network Settings page will appear. If not see your network
administrator for the correct user name and password.
To change the IP address, enter the new static IP address in the IP
Address field. Enter the new subnet mask in the Network Mask field.
Enter the IP addresses for the Gateway and the DNS Server in the
appropriate fields. Finally, enter the network name of the EB4-1U-X8 in
the DHCP Device Name field for use when accessing the chassis when
DHCP is enabled. If you wish to use DHCP, enter 0.0.0.0 in the IP
Address field.
When you have finished configuring the network settings, you can either
configure the SNMP settings as described in the next section, change
the default user name and password, or save the current changes by
clicking on the Submit New Settings button at the bottom of the
screen.
Now you can connect your chassis to the network. To find the IP
address assigned by your DHCP server, look in the DHCP server’s list
of attached devices for the name you assigned to your EB4-1U-X8
chassis. The default name is Magma_EB4-1U.
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M A G M A
Configure SNMP Settings
If you are adding your EB4-1U-X8 chassis to an existing SNMP
network, or if you are planning to trap SNMP errors, you will need to
configure the SNMP settings for use with your SNMP agent.
The default values for the SNMP settings are shown in the following
graphic. The EB4-1U-X8 chassis monitors two temperature sensors;
(one in the front of the chassis and one in the rear of the chassis); three
fans; and two redundant power supply modules.
To configure these values for your SNMP network, simply change the
default values to match your requirements.
Change the Read Community Name and Write Community Name
fields to match those required by your SNMP network. The default value
is public.
Change the Trap Destination IP Address to the IP address of the
computer getting the SNMP data. The default Trap Destination IP
address in the above example was: 10.203.11.15.
Change the Alarm Settings for both the Front and Rear Alarm settings
by entering both a high and low temperature in the appropriate fields.
Any time the temperature in the
chassis changes above or below
these limits, an audible alarm will
sound and the Temp. Light will
change color from green to red.
The same applies to the bottom
PWR LED, in case one of the
redundant power supplies fails.
Aside from the LEDs changing
colors, an alarm will sound in both
cases, which can be reset by
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M A G M A
pressing the black reset switch in the middle. The Locator LED visually
displays traps and can be turned off by pressing either the white
pushbutton in the front or the one located in the back of the chassis.
When you have finished configuring the SNMP settings, you can either
configure the network settings as described in the previous section,
change the default user name and password as described below, or
save the current changes by clicking on the Submit New Settings
button at the bottom of the screen.
Change User Name and Password
This section allows you to change the default user name (default) and
password (magma). To change the user name, simply enter your new
user name in the user name field. To change your password, enter your
new password in the password field. Enter it again in the
password(again) field. The password in both fields must match before
they can be accepted.
Reset to Default Values
You can restore your EB4-1U-X8 chassis to the factory default values
by pressing and holding the Alarm Reset Button for 10 seconds the
Power LED will blink during this 10 second period. When all values have
been restored, the LED will stop blinking and turn off.
When you have finished changing the default user name and password,
you can either configure the network settings or configuring the SNMP
settings as described in previous sections, or save the current changes
by clicking on the Submit New Settings button at the bottom of the
screen.
IMPORTANT
The user name and password fields are case-sensitive.
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M A G M A
Configure your SNMP Agent
If you use an SNMP agent to help you monitor your network, you will
find all necessary monitoring information in the MIB file.
Retrieving the MIB File
The MIB file is available for download at
http://www.magma.com/support, select Driver and Utilities and then
search for MIB.
After you click on the MIB file link, the information you need to configure
your SNMP agent will be displayed on the screen in Notepad (or
equivalent text editor).
To save this information click on File  Save As, then switch the entry
“Save As Type” to: “All Files” as shown below:
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M A G M A
Once the MIB file is saved it can now be copied and loaded locally or to
a remote server.
Accessing the various SNMP functions
Once the MIB file has been loaded to an SNMP server (via a front-end
software typically called a MIB Browser) we can read in status
information and set up specific functions otherwise not available via the
Web interface.
The MIB Browser (or equivalent front-end SNMP software) will display
the Magma chassis MIB contents in an explorer-like, Tree interface.
A snapshot form the MIB Browser by iReasoning is shown below:
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M A G M A
Under the MIB Tree, the Magma Chassis will have status information
that can be read by expanding the respective folders. This information is
also available in the Web interface mentioned previously.
In addition, if we expand the sendAction folder (as shown above) we
gain access to “writable” functions that essentially allow us to remotecontrol the chassis.
Remote Chassis Reset (turnPowerOffOn)
This function allows us to
remotely turn the chassis off
and on.
Right-click on it, and an
options menu will appear.
Select the Set command:
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M A G M A
A dialog box will open
where we can set the
integer value to either:
“1”= True (Turn ON)
“0”= False (Turn
OFF)
IMPORTANT
In order to successfully apply this function you must first set the
SNMP Power-on Jumper in the position between PS_ON and
ON_BY_MCU. This is not the default position of that jumper.
Additionally, the chassis’ master on/off switch as well as each of
the redundant power supplies’ switches must be turned ON.
Remote
Slot
Power
(turnSlot_x_OffOn)
to
the
Chassis
This function allows us to remotely power on specific slots in the chassis
without it being connected to a Host system, but via the RJ-45 Ethernet
interface only. The X in the name above refers to slots 1-to-4.
In a similar manner to the turnPowerOffOn function, each of the four
turnSlot_x_OffOn functions accept an integer value of “1” to turn power
ON to the respective slot and “0” for turning it OFF in the Set
command.
IMPORTANT
In order to successfully apply this function you must first disable
the HotPlug and enable the Independent Power settings in the
Alternate Function DIP switch. Having both turned on will cause
erratic behavior once the Hotplug system tries to shut down power
to a slot otherwise forced on by independent power.
Additionally, the chassis’ master on/off switch as well as each of
the redundant power supplies’ switches must be turned ON.
Finishing Touches
After your system is working properly, replace any empty slots with slot
covers, replace the host computer cover, and the close the expansion
chassis carriage.
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M A G M A
“Hot-Swappable” PCIe Card Installations
rd
New PCI Express technology allows you to remove your 3 Party PCIe
cards for maintenance or replacement – without shutting down the
system. The EB4-1U-X8 expansions system supports Hot Plugging/Hot
Swapping of cards as defined by the PCI express specifications.
By design, this feature allows the host PC to gracefully remove power to
a slot, so that a PCIe card can be removed and replaced. It then powers
on the new card in coordination with the PC’s operating system.
By default, the EB4-1U-X8 ships with this feature turned on.
IMPORTANT
For this feature to work, you need to install the Magma HotPlug
software driver. See Chapter 2 for instructions on how to
download the latest software for your system.
IMPORTANT
There are cases in which you would wish to turn off this feature,
especially if the PCIe cards you plan on installing in the EB4-1UX8 chassis require or adhere to a different timing budget than
allowed in the PCIe specifications.
In order to turn off Hot-plug/Hot-swap, toggle the top actuator on
the Chassis Alternate Function DIP Switch from its default right
position to the left as shown below:
If you have any doubts, please check with you card’s vendor that
no such constrains exist for this card.
COMPATIBILITY ISSUE
A documented compatibility issue exists between an Apple’s
MacBook Pro and G5 systems in conjunction with the EB4-1UX8 chassis on which is connected an ATTO Technologies’
UL5D PCIe SCSI adapter. In this configuration, the Hot Plug
feature needs to be disabled, otherwise the system won’t boot.
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M A G M A
Each of the PCIe slots is controlled by a Hotplug (HP) pushbutton. The
buttons are labeled 1-4 in silkscreen on top of the card carriage:
HP Slot 1
Button
HP Slot 2
Button
HP Slot 3
Button
HP Slot 4
Button
Simply press the Attention Pushbutton corresponding to the slot you
wish to “power-down.” The power will now be removed from that slot so
that the card can be replaced. All other PCIe cards remain fully
functional, as they are independent of this slot. Below is the outlined
procedure step-by-step:
Procedure for hot-un-plugging a PCIe plug in card:
1.
Given a stable Windows-based system booted with
the Magma chassis, an applet on the right hand side
of the start menu bar should appear depicting a card
with a green arrow above it.
Double click on the applet.
2.
A dialog should appear with the title “Safely Remove
Hardware” in the dialog will be a list of devices that may be
removed from the system. Within this list will be the cards
currently plugged into the chassis.
Select a device and click on the “Properties button”.
3.
If the device is currently in the Magma chassis, the location will
show “Magma chassis x slot y”. Where x identifies the physical
chassis and y identifies the slot the device is plugged into.
After verifying that this is the device to be removed, click
on the OK button to close the new dialog.
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M A G M A
4.
The properties dialog should close and the original “Safely
Remove Hardware” dialog should remain.
Click on the Stop button of the dialog.
5.
A dialog with the title “Stop a Hardware device” should appear.
This device is used to confirm that the user wishes to stop this
device.
Click on the OK button of the new dialog.
6.
After a brief period a pop up will appear telling the user that the
device may be removed safely, and the device will be removed
from the list of the original dialog.
In the chassis, press the Attention Button that
corresponds to the slot where the device is located.
7.
An LED, labeled Sx PWR ATTN (where X corresponds to the
slot number) will begin to flash. The LEDs are located on the
vertical backplanes towards the back edge of the chassis as
shown below:
Note: If, by mistake, you’ve pressed the button corresponding
to the wrong slot, then press it again within 5 seconds and the
hot plug request will be ignored. Otherwise continue to step 8.
8.
46
After 5-6 seconds the LED will stop flashing and turn off
completely.
M A G M A
Remove the card and replace it with a new one. Then press the
button again.
Remove and
replace the
respective
PCIe card
IMPORTANT
Ideally the PCIe card that was removed from the system will be
replaced with an identical, working card. Replacing that card with
one that has a different function or purpose may cause the system
to crash due to a mismatch in the resources pre-allocated by the
operating system.
9.
The LED should start flashing again.
If power should not be applied to this slot, immediately
press the button again and the LED will stop flashing and
remain off, otherwise go to step 10.
10. After 5-6 seconds the LED will stop flashing and remain on.
After a brief period the new device will be recognized by
the system, and it should be added back to the list in the
“Safely Remove Hardware” dialog.
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M A G M A
PCIe Expansion Solutions with the EB4-1U-X8
In the following section we will take a look at possible PCI Express
expansion solutions using Magma’s EB4-1U-X8 chassis.
Digi Design Pro Tools®
Pro Tools® is a comprehensive
solution for professional music
editing. It offers advanced
capabilities for recording and
manipulation of music by controlling
a large number of music tracks.
This is done using at least one
PCIe card with multiple Digital
Signal Processor (DSP) chips
onboard.
From
a
system’s
standpoint, the more PCIe cards
(and hence DSP chips) are
available, the more tracks can be
edited and recorded digitally for a
better final result.
By combining the power of PCIe expansion through an EB4-1U-X8
system with multiple such PCIe cards, the same PC can record
substantially more tracks. Additionally the same system may contain a
storage controller (SAS/SATA/SCSI) and the hard drives for actually
recording the tracks – all inside one box, freeing much of the PC
hardware for other tasks.
The table below shows a comparison between PCI and PCIe cards in
terms of the number of recorded tracks.
Sampled
Frequency
48KHz
Description/Notes
192 out of 192
96KHz
96 out of 96
192 KHz
36 out of 36
48KHz
48
No. of tracks out of
maximum possible
Using Magma ExpressBox2 PCIe
Expansion system
144 out of 192
96KHz
96 out of 96
192 KHz
13 out of 36
Using Magma CB2 PCI Expansion
M A G M A
Note that the maximum number of tracks is achieved with all PCIe cards
inserted directly into the PC. Using the EB4-1U-X8 expansion chassis
we note the difference in track counts is no larger than 20% compared
to a scenario where all cards reside in the PC, taking up all available
slots.
Video Card expansion solutions
Magma’s EB4-1U-X8 chassis can be used to add a high end PCI
express video card to a PC system or laptop that were not equipped
with such a device for various reasons: cost , physical space, heat
dissipation etc.
A question then arises as to how good
of a performance we can get by
utilizing the expanded PCIe bus and
high end video card . In order to obtain
a definitive answer we turn to
Futuremark’s 3DMark® benchmarking
software. Since its introduction at the
turn of the millennium, 3DMark® has
become the de-facto standard in Video
card
performance
testing
and
evaluation.
The 3DMark® suite is optimized to
work under Windows Vista and
supports the latest DirectX and
derivative 3D multimedia technologies.
In this environment, a low-profile Dell
PowerEdge server (with a built-in ATI
ES1000 video chipset) was tested
with various external PCIe video
cards.
49
M A G M A
Since the built-in video chipset doesn’t support 3D rendering needed to
run 3DMark® , we first established a baseline by installing an entry level
PCIe card into an EB4-1U-X8 expansion chassis (Nvidia Quadro
NVS440).
All subsequent benchmarks were completed using higher performing
video cards and documented in the table below:
Tested Video Card
SM2.0 Benchmark
Score
SM3.0 Benchmark
Score
151
182
229
479
ATI 1650 Pro
757
773
NVidia GeFORCE
7600GS
861
768
1048
979
1582
1528
2286
2504
3678
3412
3774
3843
NVidia Quadro NVS440
NVidia Quadro FX560
NVidia Quadro FX1500
NVidia GeFORCE
7900GS
ATI 1900XT
NVidia Quadro FX5600
NVidia 8800 Ultra
The comparison table shows performance improvements from 263% to
2111% between the baseline and the highest-end video card tested (the
NVidia GeFORCE 8800 Ultra). In other words, by expanding the PCI
Express bus, the EB4-1U-X8 system was able to facilitate an everrd
improving benchmark result limited only by the 3 party card’s
performance and the bandwidth limitations of the bus itself.
For more details on the actual test methodology and an explanation of
the benchmark figures please refer to: www.futuremark.com
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M A G M A
High Throughput storage solutions
The growing demand for storage solutions in the past few years was
one of the major catalysts behind the exponential growth in hard drive
capacity. Moreover, a new breed of faster and more efficient interfaces
have emerged in order to provide higher throughput while maintaining
the lowest possible delays in
accessing our data.
One such solution is ATTO
Technology’s FC-44ES Fibre
Channel PCIe controller. It can
reach data transfer rates of up
to 800MB/sec per channel
when taking full advantage of
the PCI Express bandwidth.
But what if this impressive
performance is still not enough to satisfy a bandwidth-hungry application
such as a multi-dimensional database, or a high-definition, real time,
video streaming broadcast? In that case, the EB4-1U-X8 becomes an
obvious solution by allowing the user to combine up to 4 Fibre Channel
controllers into one system, which, in turn, only compromises a single
PCIe slot out of the ones available in the host computer.
Assuming we acquired the necessary hardware (controllers, the fiber
medium and an array of high-speed storage devices) the question that
arises is: How can we quantify the power of multiple controller cards?
The answer lies in an open-source application, vastly popular among
those working in the storage industry: Iometer® (see screenshot below)
Iometer® is a software-based I/O exerciser capable to test and
characterize stand-alone as well as clustered storage systems.
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M A G M A
Developed originally by Intel as a proprietary tool, it eventually became
part of the Open Source Development Lab (OSDL) from which point it
has undergone several revisions and updates.
Going back to the Fibre channel host controller cards, one of the
features that the ATTO FC-44ES supports is the creation of multiple,
small virtual drives that can be striped by the OS for faster access. What
that translates to is the ability of two cards to communicate amongst
themselves at the fastest possible rate, unaffected by delays otherwise
encountered by moving parts in an actual disk drive.
By using this method
combined with the
Iometer® application,
one can benchmark
the
communication
channel and verify that
the PCIe express link
is utilized to its fullest
potential.
In the example below,
a single ATTO FC-44ES card was installed into one of the 4 PCIe
expansion slots provided by the EB4-1U-X8 chassis. It was then
connected via fiber optic cables to a second FC-44ES card (set to
simulate a fibre disk array, by using a striped set of small virtual drives ).
Three tests were performed using Iometer. In the first, an equal amount
of read and write threads were exercised between the two cards. The
following two tests focused on either all-read or all-write threads. The
test results are shown in the table below:
I/O Test type
50% Reads; 50% Writes
100% Reads
100% Writes
Throughput [MByte/sec]
1003.3
696.1
677.7
The results show an aggregate throughput exceeding 1GByte in the
case where reads and writes are evenly split 50-50 and a slower, more
realistic rate when only a single type of threads was exercised.
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M A G M A
Chapter 5
Troubleshooting
Before discussing a troubleshooting methodology for locating the
problem we will first introduce several indicators and configuration
switches that provide general and specific information for this process.
Status Indicators and configuration switches for 01-04978-03
Host Card
The EB4-1u-x8G2 host card is set to x8 by default and can be verified
by SW2. Page 7 in manual
D2 -- x8
D6 --x4
D7 --x2
D8 --x1
D9 -- Loss of Lock/Loss of Signal asserted (when ON)
D12 -- PCIe CLK good (when ON)
D14 -- Reset# asserted (when ON)
If the D12 LED is ON and the D14 LED is OFF and all other link LEDs
are OFF that means that no link has been established, check both host
and expansion to see, as one can be indicating proper link operation(i.e.
expansion) while the other (i.e. host) can be indicating no link (all link
LEDS OFF).
Also note, that after the first time the power is applied and not turned off
the D12 (clk good) LED will remain ON until the main power gets turned
OFF to the system.
Status Indicators and configuration switches
Under normal operating conditions the status indicators are for internal
Magma troubleshooting while the configuration switches/jumpers should
remain in their default state preset by Magma for best compatibility.
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M A G M A
However, should a problem occur with the chassis (or a special mode of
operation be solicited by the client) we included below explanations as
to what all these items are and how they should be treated:
Chassis Power Good Indicators:
As long as all power supply voltages are
properly regulated to +5V, +12V, +3.3V and
+3.3V AUX, the LEDs D27, D29, D30 and
D28 will light up respectively as follows:
Chassis RESET Indicators:
Under normal operating conditions RESET
lights for the slots should be off, with the exception of RST# CB and the
moment when any slot RESET is applied (RST SL1-4#). In case that the
chassis is on but the Host system is turned off, then the MASTER RST#
will be on as shown below:
Chassis Signal Detect Indicators:
This group of LEDs (D1-D10) indicates the existence of PCIe traffic on
the receiver side on all PCIe lanes. x8 PCIe traffic, will turn on 8 LEDs.
During normal operation all LEDs should be ON with the exception of
D9 and D10, whose role is to indicate loss of signal. If the Host system
is off, all LEDs should be off even if the chassis itself is turned on.
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M A G M A
EB4-1u-x8-G2 Chassis Slot Power Indicators:
When lit, the red Power Fault LED found on the left side of each
expansion slot indicates lack of power at the respective PCIe slot.
This would be a normal condition if the chassis is powered on while the
Host system is turned off (RESET state) or if power to a specific slot has
been removed for it to be swapped as part of the Hot-Plug procedure :
If the Host system is turned ON but there is no PCIe card in the slot, the
Power Fault LED will be ON as well, as can be seen below:
In all other cases of normal operation, the respective green PWR EN
LED should be lit for each slot – whether a PCIe card is inserted or not.
Chassis Linkup and Activity Indicators:
These indicators were purposely made visible through the card carriage
when it is closed in order to allow a quick verification of connectivity
between Host and chassis.
LED
Cluster
55
M A G M A
The three LED clusters display Link (L) and Activity (A) status for
Uplink communication with the Host; Downlink communication with a
Daisy- Chained chassis (see Appendix A for Daisy-Chain setups) and
communication with the four PCIe expansion slots as follows:
LO – Link Out: Downlink/Daisy-Chained device is trained and linked
AO – Activity Out: Activity on the Downlink channel
LI – Link In: The EB4-1U-X8 is trained to Uplink device/Root Complex
AI – Activity In: Activity on the Uplink channel
L2 – Slot 2 is trained and linked
A2 – Activity on Slot 2
L1 – Slot 1 is trained and linked
A1 – Activity on Slot 1
L3 – Slot 3 is trained and linked
A3 – Activity on Slot 3
L4 – Slot 4 is trained and linked
A4 – Activity on Slot 4
For example, the scenario pictured below shows a linked and active
chassis being connected via the iPass interface to a Host system (LI –
Lit; AI—blinking), while the cards in slots 1 and 2 are PCIe-trained and
linked but show no activity in terms of transferring data (L1 & L2 – Lit;
A1 & A2— Off).
SLOT 2
SLOT 1
56
iPass
M A G M A
Chassis Alternate Function DIP Switch:
The alternate function DIP switch (SW8) is located on the inner side of
the backplane, which requires the card carriage be pulled out to its
maximum extension, as shown below:
SW8 DIP Switch
The Alternate function DIP switch controls the following three functions:
Hot Plug, Clock and power delivery behavior.
57
M A G M A
Actuator (1):
Turns the Hot Plug function ON and OFF. Its default position is ON, i.e.
Hot Plug is enabled in which case a Hot Plug controller supervises
power delivery to the PCIe slots.
Actuator (2):
Turns on a local clock generated by the chassis itself independent of
that of the Host system. Its default position is OFF, i.e. the system Clock
comes from the Host system (uplink).
Actuator (3):
Allows to turn on power to the expansion slots without a
Host system being connected, by using the SNMP interface via the
chassis’ RJ-45 Ethernet connector. Its default position is OFF, i.e. no
outside agent controls power to the slots.
Actuator (4): Not in use.
SNMP Power-On Source Jumper:
The SNMP module inside the EB4-1U-X8 chassis features a power-on
source jumper to select between local power-on (via the master on/off
switch) and remote turn-on (via the SNMP software/front end).
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M A G M A
In order to gain access to this module (and respective jumper), the top
cover of the chassis needs to be
removed.
Dismount the chassis from the
rack (if applicable) and carefully
remove the 11 screws holding the
chassis cover in place.
The SNMP module will be located
on your left looking at the chassis
from the front:
Now locate the J6 jumper as shown below:
•
For local power-on set the jumper
between PS_ON and ON_BY_SW
(Default)
•
For Remote power-on set the
jumper between PS_ON and
O
N
_
B
Y_MCU
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M A G M A
Locating the Problem
If you are having trouble with the Magma expansion system, first verify
that all cards and cables are seated properly. Be sure you followed the
instructions in earlier sections of this User Guide. Always remember to
power On and Off correctly when rechecking your installation. If you are
still having problems, try these troubleshooting steps:
•
My Computer Can’t Find the PCIe Expansion System
•
When Nothing Works
•
My PCIe Card Doesn’t Work
•
My system hangs beyond a certain number of add-in cards
The Magma PCIe Expansion System is correctly displayed as a “PCI
standard PCI-to-PCI bridge” in Windows Device Manager and as a
“pci-bridge” in the MAC Apple System Profiler and in Linux. When
connected and functioning correctly, this Expansion System will be
displayed as follows:
Windows
MAC
If this is not what you see when you verify your installation, the following
troubleshooting steps may help you locate and resolve your installation
issues without having to call Technical Support.
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M A G M A
My Computer Can’t Find the PCIe Expansion System
If the expansion system is not visible in your Windows Device Manager
or your Apple System Profiler at all, you will need to turn off your
computer (first) and then the Magma expansion chassis (second) and
test all cords and cables to ensure you have everything connected
correctly. If everything seems to be connected correctly, and you are
sure you have applied power correctly (power up the expansion chassis
first and then the computer), then try the following troubleshooting
steps:

Verify that the required LEDs on the back of the chassis are lit as
explained in the Chassis Linkup section above. The most
important indicators are the LINK LEDs that indicate a proper
connection. All LINK LEDs should be ON if both PCIe slots are
populated and both an uplink and a downlink iPass cable are
connected properly. The ACT (activity) LEDs will light/blink only
upon data transfers between host and expansion. They can be
off so long as the required LINK LEDs remain on.

Also verify the Magma PCI Express Host card is properly
inserted into the host computer slot. In case any other LED is off,
ensure the respective card is functional and properly seated in its
ExpressBox slot.

Try moving the PCIe host card to a different PCIe slot.

If the expansion system is still not visible after trying all of the
above steps, go to Chapter 6 to get additional help.
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M A G M A
Windows
If the PCI-to-PCI Bridge is now visible, but contains a
in front of it, it has a problem that must be fixed.
(exclamation)
To identify this problem, right-click on the line with the
“Properties” from the pop-up menu.
and select
Resolve the identified problem or go to
Chapter 6 to get additional help.
MAC
Go to Chapter 6 to get additional help.
RedHat9 Linux
Go to Chapter 6 to get additional help.
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M A G M A
When Nothing Works
The following troubleshooting steps will help you when the computer or
chassis won’t turn on or “nothing seems to work” correctly:
NOTE
Review Chapters 3 (Verify Installation) and
4 (Install Cards and Drives) as necessary
to verify that you have a valid installation of
the Magma expansion system and that you
have correctly installed your 3rd Party PCIe
card(s) and their associated drivers (as
required).
P
P
If it powers up OK, but nothing works, check the computer’s Device
Manager or System Profiler to see if the expansion system has been
found. If not found, try the troubleshooting steps for My Computer Can’t
Find the PCIe Expansion System. If the expansion system is visible, but
has a problem, try to resolve the problem (See Note above). If that fails,
go to Chapter 7 to get additional help.
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M A G M A
My Computer Hangs During Power Up
If your computer “hangs” while being turned on and you can’t even start,
follow the following steps to try to fix this problem:
1.
Shut off the computer (first) and then the Magma expansion
system and verify that all cards and cables are connected and
seated correctly.
2.
If it still hangs and you have added one or more hard drives in
addition to several PCIe cards, ensure that you have not
exceeded the power capabilities of the expansion system‘s
power supply. You can verify the capacity of your power supply
by checking the label on the power supply. If you are not
certain about the power consumption of your peripherals, it is
best to remove them one by one (starting with those you
suspect of being most “power hungry”) until the system powers
up.
3.
If you have removed all 3 Party PCIe cards from the Magma
chassis and it still hangs, try the following:
rd
P
a.
b.
64
P
Remove the Magma PCIe expansion host card from the
computer and try booting up without the Magma
expansion system attached.
i.
If it boots up OK without the Magma expansion
system attached, call Magma Technical Support.
ii.
If it still hangs, the problem is in the computer and not
rd
with the Magma expansion system or the 3 Party
PCIe cards.
rd
If it boots up OK without any 3 Party PCIe cards installed,
try adding only one card and see if it boots up.
i.
If it boots up OK with one card in it, shut it down and
swap cards. Repeat this until all cards have been
tested. If they all test OK, then add them back one at
a time until you find the combination that doesn’t
work. If you find a bad card, call Technical Support. If
you don’t – congratulations, you fixed it!
ii.
If it still hangs up, try a different card – this one is
probably bad (or has driver problems). If the second
cards works, troubleshoot the first card. If the second
card also fails, call Technical Support.
M A G M A
My PCIe Card Doesn’t Work
The following flowchart describes a general approach to resolve PCIe
card issues:
The following additional steps might also help when the above
troubleshooting steps fail to resolve your problem:
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M A G M A
1.
Shut down the computer followed by the Magma expansion
chassis
2.
Remove the PCIe card displaying a problem
3.
Replace the “problem card” with a simple PCIe card, such as
an Ethernet card that has drivers built into the operating
system. (Using this “type of card” will avoid any future
questions about drivers possibly being installed incorrectly.)
4.
Turn on the Magma expansion chassis, and then turn on the
computer.
Windows
5.
Next, open the Device Manager (View by Connection
selection).
rd
If the
is gone, the problem is with the 3 Party PCIe card
or the card drivers. You should go to the Windows Error Codes
section of this chapter to learn how to troubleshoot using error
codes.
P
P
If the
is still visible, the problem may be with the Magma
expansion system. Please contact Magma Technical Support
for further guidance and/or a replacement product.
MAC
5.
rd
Next, open the Apple System Profiler and the 3
card(s) should now be visible.
P
P
Party PCIe
RedHat9 Linux
5. Using the lspci command, verify that the PCIe card is visible.
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M A G M A
Support for 3rd Party PCIe Cards
P
P
rd
Magma will provide reasonable technical support to with 3 Party PCIe
cards. However, if you have verified a successful installation of the
Magma PCIe Expansion System (as defined in Chapter 4), but
rd
experience difficulty installing your 3 Party PCIe cards, the card
manufacturer should be able to provide the best support.
P
P
P
P
IMPORTANT
The Magma PCIe Expansion System is designed to function
exactly like your desktop computer. This means that you should
follow the card maker’s instructions for installation on a Windows
or Mac computer as if the expansion chassis WAS the desktop
computer. When correctly installed, there is no difference to the
operating system, removable cards, or most software.
Windows Error Codes
If you are having a problem with one of your devices, and the Device
status box shows a Windows Error Code, refer to the following list of
error codes for guidance:
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M A G M A
Error Code
Description/Action
This code indicates that there is a problem with the 3rd
Party PCIe Card driver.
10
If necessary, contact the card’s manufacturer for updated
software drivers. If all else fails, contact Magma Technical
Support for further assistance.
On the Bridge: If you receive error code 12 on the first PCI to
PCI Bridge, call Magma Technical Support.
12
Error Code
28
1
On the Card: This usually means the memory, I/O, or prefetch
is more than has been allocated. Call Magma Technical
Support.
Description/Action
The driver for the PCIe card is not installed on your system.
Reinstall the card driver following the manufacturer’s
instructions. If that fails to fix the problem, call the card
manufacturer for new drivers.
The PCIe host card or expansion chassis are not working
correctly. Reinstall the PCIe host card into the computer’s slot
and recheck all cable connections. If the error code remains,
try another PCIe slot. If the error persists, call Magma
Technical Support.
For all other error codes, call:
On the PCI to PCI Bridge: Magma Technical Support
Other Codes
On the Card: Card Manufacturer’s Technical Support, after
first verifying that the Magma expansion system is installed
properly.
If you are still having problems, contact Magma Technical Support for
more help.
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M A G M A
My system hangs beyond a certain number of add-in cards
Any PCI or PCI Express expansion scheme requires the cooperation of
the computer system’s BIOS in order to operate properly, regardless of
the platform (PC/Laptop/Server) or operating system (MS
Windows/MAC OS/LINUX etc.)
The BIOS hosts the first and the most fundamental code (firmware) that
a computer executes upon boot-up. It is then that each and every
PCI/PCIe add-in card (be it located on the host system or on Magma’s
expansions chassis) is allocated Input/Output memory space for proper
operation.
By installing multiple add-in cards in one chassis or daisy-chaining
multiple Magma chasses (as discussed in: Appendix A), we’re
requesting more and more resources from the BIOS and thus must
make sure we pre-allocate them sufficiently.
It is therefore imperative that our computing platform allocates at least
32KB of I/O memory space to allow multiple add in cards to operate
properly. This setting may be editable or preset by your BIOS (or
computer) vendor. If you’re having this problem it is recommended that
you first update your system to the latest firmware provided by your
vendor. Instruction on how to do that (as well as making a backup of
your current BIOS firmware) should be provided by your computer
vendor on their web site.
In case this property is editable, you computer vendor should also be
able to tell you how to select at least 32KB using their BIOS interface.
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M A G M A
Chapter 6
How to Get More Help
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
You can visit the Magma Technical Support FAQ pages on the Internet
at:
www.magma.com/support/
HT
TH
Contacting Technical Support
Our support department can be reached by fax at (858) 530-2733 or by
phone at (858) 530-2511. Support is available Monday through Friday,
8:00 AM to 5:00 PM PT. When contacting Magma Technical Support,
please be sure to include the following information:
1) Name
7) Serial Number
2) Company Name
8) Computer Make
3) Phone Number
9) Computer Model
4) Fax Number
10) Operating System and Version
5) Email Address
11) Make/Model of PCI cards in expansion chassis
6) Model Number
12) Detailed description of the problem
You can also visit our web site at:
www.magma.com/support/
HT
TH
For a quick response, use the Technical Support and RMA Request
Form available in the Support Section of the website. Simply complete
the form with all required information. Please make sure that your
problem description is sufficiently detailed to help us understand your
problem.
For example: Don’t say “Won’t boot up.” Do say “Tried all the
steps in the Troubleshooting Section and it still won’t boot up.”
For faster diagnosis of your problem, please run the two utility programs
described in the following sections and include the diagnostic files they
generate with your email.
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M A G M A
Magma Debug Utility
Occasionally, Technical Support may request Windows users to
produce and email a Magma debug log file to help them resolve your
problem. This file should be included as an attachment when submitting
a Technical Support request at www.magma.com/support.
H
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
TU
UT
H
Locate a file called dbgview.exe on the Magma CDROM.
Double-click on the file dbgview.exe
While the dbgview screen is open, locate and double-click on
a file called dump.exe on the Magma CDROM.
Switch back to the dbgview screen, which is now filled with
data.
Save the file and include it as an attachment when submitting a
Technical Support request.
Include your Name and
the Date the log was
created in the file
name. Then email it to
Technical Support.
Use the “Save as type” drop-down arrow to select a file type of (*.LOG).
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M A G M A
PCIScope Software Utility
PCIScope is a powerful tool for Windows users. It was designed by a
Germany company called APSoft. This software utility is a valuable
resource to explore, examine and debug the PCI subsystem of your
computer. It was made to fit the requirements of the most demanding
users, especially engineers, programmers, and system administrators,
and to integrate all advanced functions and tools into one product.
Please visit www.tssc.de for more information about the capabilities of
PCIScope and other utilities offered by APSoft.
HT
TH
An evaluation version of PCIScope is available for download at
www.tssc.de. (You can purchase an inexpensive license from APSoft
for use beyond the evaluation period.)
HT
TH
PCIScope has proven to be extremely useful when verifying and
debugging configurations involving the Magma PCI Expansion Systems
under any Windows platform.
PCIScope can provide information to you and our Technical Support
Group such as PCI Bus Numbering, Resource Allocation, and other
information that may prove useful when debugging expansion chassis
or PCI card problems.
If you are experiencing problems setting up your system, you should run
PCIScope before contacting the Magma Technical Support Group.
With the Magma expansion chassis powered up and connected to your
computer, load and launch the PCIScope application. The PCIScope
Program will be installed on your computer and a window similar to the
one shown below will appear. (The example was taken from a Compaq
Armada 7400)
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M A G M A
You should save this data as a file on your computer. Please include
your name and date as part of the file name with an extension of “.bpd.”
This file should be included as an attachment when submitting a
Technical Support request at www.magma.com/support.
H
TU
UT
H
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M A G M A
Returning Merchandise to MAGMA
If factory service is required, a Service Representative will give you a
Return Merchandise Authorization (RMA) number. Put this number and
your return address on the shipping label when you return the item(s)
for service. Magma will return any product that is not accompanied
by an RMA number. Please note that Magma WILL NOT accept COD
packages, so be sure to return the product freight and duties-paid.
Ship the well-packaged product to the address below:
MAGMA RETURNS DEPT.
RMA # ________
9918 Via Pasar
San Diego, CA 92126
USA
It is not required, though highly recommended, that you keep the
packaging from the original shipment of your Magma product. However,
if you return a product to Magma for warranty repair/ replacement or
take advantage of the 30-day money back guarantee, you will need to
package the product in a manner similar to the manner in which it was
received from our plant. Magma cannot be responsible for any physical
damage to the product or component pieces of the product (such as the
host or expansion interfaces for the PCIe expansion chassis) that are
damaged due to inadequate packing. Physical damage sustained in
such a situation will be repaired at the owner’s expense in accordance
with Out of Warranty Procedures. Please, protect your investment, a bit
more padding in a good box will go a long way to insuring the device is
returned to use in the same condition you shipped it in. Please call for
an RMA number first.
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M A G M A
Appendix A
Need More PCIe Slots?
Multiple PCIe Expansion System Configurations
The PCI Express Local Bus Specification defines the bus as
hierarchical, where logical PCI to PCI Bridges (PPBs) may be used to
add "levels" to the PCI bus hierarchy within a PCIe switch. Because
hierarchies are organized systems arranged into different levels, you
can take advantage of this automatic organizing and layering to expand
the number of available PCIe slots beyond the number available in your
computer’s motherboard.
You can easily add two or more Magma expansion systems to your
current system in either a "fan-out" or "daisy-chain" configuration. Each
of these configurations has advantages and uses. To determine which
type of configuration you wish to use, you should first understand a few
basic facts:
1.
In a desktop computer, the BIOS enumerates automatically
behind logical PCI bridges. In the Magma configuration, the
BIOS looks beyond the Host card to find any PCIe cards
installed in the expansion chassis behind a PCIe switch. The
PCIe switch, in turn, emulates logical PRBs. The BIOS can
then configure the cards and allocate resources. Empty PCIe
slots are ignored during configuration.
In theory, your computer “should” be able to travel across up to
255 PCIe buses to identify and configure all installed PCIe
cards. The 255 PCI bus limit is actually a theoretical maximum.
The practical limit is somewhat lower and differs from one
system to another, but should still be a fairly large number.
In a desktop computer the bus numbers tend to be lower (0, 1,
2, etc.). Once the BIOS is finished configuring everything and
assigning resources, the Operating System starts loading and
activates the PCIe cards found.
When adding more Expansion Systems to an existing system,
be sure to connect and test them “one-at-a-time.” This will allow
you to quickly resolve any connectivity, or other, issues right at
the start. DO NOT INSTALL any 3rd Party PCIe cards into any
system until ALL attached systems are working correctly.
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2.
Most computers allow multiple logical bridges (and thus PCIe
buses) to be correctly configured. Some computers,
unfortunately, place an arbitrary limit on the number of bridge
levels that can be traveled during power-on configuration. Your
computer “power-on-software” should be compliant with the
PCIe bus specification 1.1 in order to effectively use a Magma
PCIe Expansion System. For "fan-out" and "daisy chained"
system configurations, where more than one PCIe expansion
system is being used, you should count all of the logical bridge
levels to your most deeply nested PCI bus to determine the
maximum number of bridge levels that must be traveled.
Exceeding this number may cause software configuration
conflicts even though hardware-wise the PCIe system is
properly configured.
3.
For easier understanding, a given PCI system should be
viewed as a “Resource Toll road” that runs from the computer
CPU (resource home), through the “Toll Booths” (the PCIe
switches and logical PCI bridges), to the “Resource Users”
(PCIe Cards). As in the case of a real Toll Road, the more Toll
Booths you have to cross (even if it takes a nanosecond), the
longer it will take you (your data) to get from the PCIe Card to
the CPU and back again. Under most circumstances the effect
cannot even be detected. However, under other conditions, it
can be important to know about.
M A G M A
Fan-Out
For reasons described in bullet #3 above, we recommend using a fanout configuration when you need to add successive PCIe expansion
systems to the host computer. This addition to the PCI bus hierarchy is
at the "peer" level of other existing expansion buses, thus adding
"breadth" to the PCI bus hierarchy, since these buses will be at the
same hierarchical level within the system configuration.
You must ensure that you have the corresponding PCIe to PCIe
Expansion System, or chassis to connect with your host card to
support your desired configuration.
In this configuration, you have fewer “Toll Booths” to pass through;
therefore the latency is shorter, however you’ve “sacrificed” another
PCIe slot from the host computer, which may not always be an option.
For clarification, it is necessary to understand that the amount
of latency caused by a PCIe switch (or a PCIe-to-PCI bridge
built into some 3rd Party PCIe cards) is negligible
(“nanoseconds”) and will not produce any visible effect on most
systems. It is only mentioned here because of certain
specialized configurations involving unique PCIe cards with
special software drivers. The total number of logical buses that
the data must pass through COULD make a difference. See
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting for more information if you suspect
this could be an issue with one of your specialty PCIe cards.
77
Verify your configuration
Before you start installing your PCIe cards (refer to Chapter 4 Install
Cards and Drives for more information), you should confirm that
everything is in proper working order. Refer to Chapter 3 Verify
Installation for guidance in verifying the proper installation of your
Expansion System. For example, the following image shows the
division within the Windows Device Manager display between two
Expansion Systems connected in a “Fan-Out” configuration. In this case
each expansion chassis offers only two slots of expansion.
The following image shows the Apple Profiler display when a MAC has
2 Expansion Systems connected in a “Fan-Out” configuration
Daisy-Chaining
Recognizing the typical insignificance of the performance variance
between the “Fan-Out” and “Daisy-Chaining” configurations, the primary
reason for using this one would be limitations on physical space. This
78
M A G M A
could be the number of available slots on the host computer
motherboard, or a lack of desk or rack space.
In the daisy-chain configuration, successive PCIe expansion systems
are added to the "end" of the PCIe expansion hierarchy, which adds
"depth" to the Local Bus by increasing the number of the logical PCI
levels active in the system configuration.
The daisy-chain configuration is therefore more popular among
users that have only one available PCIe slot on the host computer,
require 8, 12 or more PCIe slots keeping in mind that more latency
be introduced every time we go past one expansion chassis to
other.
the
but
will
the
79
Note: A downlink daisy-chained chassis can be Hot-unplugged without
having to turn-off the chassis it is
connected to. That can be
accomplished by pressing the
“Attention CP” pushbutton shown
below:
In practice, the daisy chain configuration will be connected as follows:
Verify your configuration
Before you start installing your PCI cards (refer to Chapter 4 Install
Cards and Drives for more information), you should confirm that
everything is in proper working order. Refer to Chapter 3 Verify
Installation for guidance in verifying the proper installation of your
Expansion System.
NOTE
Notice that each Daisy-Chained unit appears in the Device Manager
in the reverse order of its place in the configuration.
80
M A G M A
PCI e Card Conflicts
If you determine that one PCIe card is interfering with the operation of
another card, first try reorganizing the cards on the motherboard.
Moving the cards around can change the order in which the cards are
configured by the system during power-on. This will go a long way
toward resolving module conflicts.
Power-On Sequence for Advanced Configurations
As previously stated in Chapter 2 Hardware Installation, it remains
necessary to power up ALL Expansions Systems BEFORE you turn on
the computer. This will ensure that your power-on software can read all
available buses and properly configure all installed PCIe cards.
Obviously, the reverse also remains true for shutting your system down.
The computer must be shut off BEFORE you attempt to turn off your
Expansion System(s).
Troubleshooting Advanced Configurations
When trying to troubleshoot problems with PCIe cards in a multiple
expansion system configurations, it is vital to correctly determine the
nature of the problem. Therefore, the first task is to identify the card or
chassis having a problem by using the Windows Device Manager, or
Apple System Profiler. Refer to the first part of this Appendix for more
information on identifying hierarchical levels in multiple expansion
system configurations.
rd
Problems with 3 Party PCIe cards might only be traceable once you
have identified the expansion system containing the problem card.
Below is a flow chart offering a troubleshooting approach when multiple
expansion chasses are involved:
81
82
M A G M A
Finding the Problem Card
Windows
If you need help to determine which PCIe card, or which expansion
chassis, has the problem, you can “right-click” on the card with the
and check the information contained in the “Location:” field.
Look for the “Error Code” in the box in the center of the Properties
Window and then go to the Windows Error Code section for information
on how to resolve this issue.
MAC and Linux
If you have already reinstalled and reseated everything according to
instructions in Chapter 2, and the PCI to PCI Bridge is still not visible in
the Apple System Profiler, call Magma Technical Support.
83
APPENDIX B
Compliance
FCC
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to
cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the
interference at his own expense.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received including interference that
may cause undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
NOTE
The assembler of a personal computer system may be required to
test the system and/or make necessary modifications if a system is
found to cause harmful interferences or to be noncompliant with the
appropriate standards for its intended use.
Industry Canada
This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian
ICES-003. Cet appareil numériqué de la classe A est
conformé à la norme NMB-003 du Canada
CE
The product(s) described in this manual complies with all applicable
European Union (CE) directives. Magma will not retest or recertify
systems or components that have been reconfigured by customers.
84
M A G M A
Magma
9918 Via Pasar, San Diego, CA 92126, USA
Phone (858) 530-2511 • Fax (858) 530-2733
www.magma.com
Manual P/N 09-09949-01-B
85
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