Bullard T4MAX Thermal Imager
User Manual
Thermal Throttle
Rear Boot
LCD Screen
Lens Bezel
Zoom Button
Lens
Power Button
Side Strap
Battery
Figure 1
Congratulations
� WARNING
Congratulations on the purchase of your new advanced Bullard T4MAX
Thermal Imager.
The new Bullard T4MAX combines advanced thermal imaging technology
with our expertise in high heat, impact resistant engineered polymers to
bring you the most durable thermal imager on the market. The T4MAX’s
innovative, compact design and logical, easy-to-use interface presents a truly
personalized thermal imaging tool to today’s firefighters.
The benefits of using thermal imaging technology as a firefighting tool
encompass nearly every aspect of a firefighter’s job. Thermal imaging is
not, however, a technology designed to replace current firefighting tactics.
Rather, it is a tool that allows the firefighter to be more effective and make
better decisions. Some of the many uses for your Bullard T4MAX Thermal
Imager include:
• Search and rescue
• Scene assessment
• Locating the seat of the fire
READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS BEFORE USING THIS PRODUCT.
YOUR THERMAL IMAGER IS LIKE ANY OTHER TOOL. IT MUST BE USED
PROPERLY AND SAFELY. ALL USERS SHOULD BE TRAINED ON THE
PROPER AND SAFE USE OF THERMAL IMAGING PRIOR TO USING THE
T4MAX THERMAL IMAGER. THIS IS ESPECIALLY IMPORTANT FOR USERS
WHO MAY USE THE T4MAX THERMAL IMAGER IN HAZARDOUS OR IDLH
(IMMEDIATELY DANGEROUS TO LIFE AND HEALTH) ENVIRONMENTS.
FAILURE TO FOLLOW THIS INFORMATION COULD RESULT IN DEATH OR
SERIOUS INJURY.
� WARNING
THIS IS A CLASS A PRODUCT. IN A DOMESTIC ENVIRONMENT THIS
PRODUCT MAY CAUSE RADIO INTERFERENCE IN WHICH CASE THE USER
MAY BE REQUIRED TO TAKE ADEQUATE MEASURE
• Determining the spread of the fire
Use and Operation
• Locating hot spots
Power
• Identifying potential flashover situations
To turn on your Bullard T4MAX Thermal Imager, depress and release the
large, red power button under the LCD display (Figure 2). Upon pressing the
power button the thermal imager will display the Bullard logo and initiate a
calibration sequence. The thermal image will appear within four seconds. To turn
off power, depress and hold the power button for three seconds and release.
• Determining ventilation points
• Determining entry and exit points
• Overhaul
• Hazmat
NOTE
• Wildland firefighting
Y ou will periodically observe a momentary freeze in the image.
This is normal and is a function of the self calibration shutter. The
shutter will activate every 30 seconds to three minutes, depending
on the environment.
• Incident investigation
• Training
NOTE
T o ensure that we are able to reach you with any product or software
updates, please fill out the warranty card enclosed with your Bullard
T4MAX Thermal Imager.
Relative Heat Indicator (RHI)
The T4MAX is equipped with temperature measurement capability. The right
side of the display will show a bar graph or Relative Heat Indicator (RHI).
The RHI will indicate the approximate temperature of the object viewed
www.bullard.com
within the “crosshairs” shown in the middle of the screen. The accuracy of the
indicators is dependent on numerous factors including the distance from the
object being viewed and its emissivity, which is the object’s ability to radiate
heat. Units are calibrated with a preset emissivity corresponding with normal
construction materials. Objects with emissivities that vary greatly from this,
such as metals and shiny objects, will reduce the accuracy of the temperature
indication. Additionally, temperature measurement accuracy decreases as the
distance from the object in the “crosshairs” increases.
NOTE
T he RHI provides a quick reference to compare objects of similar
emissivities to serve as a guide to pinpoint intense heat sources. Due
to the inherent issues with accuracy, use this feature with caution and
verify indicated heat levels through traditional means whenever possible.
Super Red Hot Feature
The T4MAX features Super Red Hot high heat colorization. With the Super
Red Hot feature, heat levels are identified by various color hues. Starting at
250°C, heated objects are tinted yellow and gradually transition to orange
and then solid red as heat levels rise. The Super Red Hot feature identifies
specific heat layers alerting firefighters to areas of intense heat. This feature
provides an enhanced visual awareness of the hottest objects in a scene.
Electronic Thermal Throttle®
The T4MAX incorporates a highly useful and unique feature, the Electronic
Thermal Throttle. The Thermal Throttle is ideal for pinpointing hot
spots during overhaul, searching for overheated electrical equipment,
or clarifying objects in ambient temperature situations. To activate the
Thermal Throttle option, locate the two black buttons on the top of the
T4MAX (Figure 1). Press the down button (the button closer to the front
of the imager) to activate the Thermal Throttle. The Electronic Thermal
Throttle will automatically sense the hottest area in the scene and color
it blue. Continuing to press the down button (or holding it down) will
further engage the Thermal Throttle and will color more of the scene blue,
eventually coloring even the coolest objects blue.
NOTE
A s the throttle engages more of the scene, the blue will become
lighter in hue to help differentiate objects in the scene.
As you cycle through the scene, you’ll see the symbol “TT” and a
corresponding number in the bottom left corner of the display. The “TT”
indicates “Thermal Throttle” mode. The number (0-100) is a point of
reference to indicate the level of Thermal Throttle engagement; by itself it
has no specific meaning. To lessen the amount of blue in the scene, press (or
hold) the up button. Alternatively, pressing both buttons simultaneously for
one second will deactivate the Thermal Throttle.
NOTE
T he T4MAX Thermal Imager takes approximately eight seconds to
calibrate from initial startup. During this short startup period, the
Electronic Thermal Throttle or Digital Zoom will not engage.
Digital Zoom Feature
The T4MAX enables magnification of
far away scenes at both 2x and 4x
zoom. With one simple push of the
black “z” button, located next to the
power button under the LCD display,
the 2x zoom is enabled (Figure 2). A
second push of the button activates
the 4x zoom. A third push of the
button disables the zoom function.
The Digital Zoom feature also works
seamlessly with Electronic Thermal
Throttle and Super Red Hot.
2
Figure 2
Power Button
Zoom Button
Using the Battery Charger
The battery should be charged in the battery
charger using either the AC or DC adapter
provided (Figure 3). To charge a battery,
insert it into the charger so that the metal
contacts on the battery are aligned with the
metal contacts in the charger. A red light will
illuminate on the charger to indicate that the
battery is charging. When the light on the
charger turns to green, the battery is fully
charged. You may leave the battery in the
Figure 3
charger indefinitely as the battery will not
overcharge and the charger will initiate a
trickle charge to maintain the battery’s charge. For maximum battery life and
performance, you should remove the battery from the charger and discharge
it completely on a monthly basis.
NOTE
I f you do not see the red LED illuminate when you place a battery into
the charger, the battery is not charging.
Loading/Unloading the Battery
Loading and unloading the battery on
Figure 4
the Bullard T4MAX is straightforward
(Figure 4). To install a battery, slide the
battery into the groove on the bottom of
the unit and ensure that the battery is
properly seated. To remove a battery,
depress both battery locking buttons
simultaneously and slide the battery out
of the unit. Since it can only be loaded
one way, the battery is easily replaced
Battery Locking Buttons
in the dark. Additionally, as with all
batteries, your Bullard rechargeable
battery will experience a slow drain of its charge during storage. The amount
of drain varies widely based on storage conditions. For best performance,
charge each of your batteries every two weeks.
� WARNING
DO NOT ALLOW THE METAL CONTACTS ON THE LABEL SIDE OF THE
BATTERY TO COME IN CONTACT WITH A CONDUCTIVE SURFACE, SUCH
AS A METAL TABLE OR ANOTHER BATTERY. THIS CAN COMPLETE THE
BATTERY CIRCUIT AND CAUSE THE BATTERY TO OVERHEAT OR MELT.
FAILURE TO OBSERVE THIS WARNING MAY RESULT IN PERMANENT
BATTERY DAMAGE, PROPERTY DAMAGE AND/OR SERIOUS INJURY.
NOTE
Fully
charged NiMH batteries will provide a run time of more than
three hours. This run time will be less in extreme heat or extreme
cold conditions and/or if the transmitter is in use. To extend
the potential lifespan of your batteries, fully drain and recharge
each battery monthly. To help extend the life of the rechargeable
batteries and prevent unexpected instances of uncharged
batteries, develop a clear formalized plan for maintaining,
charging, and replacing your batteries.
Bullard provides an optional AA Alkaline battery case which can be used
as an alternative to the standard 10 V NiMH rechargeable batteries. The
AA alkaline battery case requires eight AA alkaline batteries. Once the
batteries are installed, the case loads into the unit in the same manner as
the standard NiMH battery. Due to the unique way that alkaline batteries
disperse power to the unit, the LED indicators will report battery levels that
are not necessarily indicative of the battery’s actual remaining charge. Fully
www.bullard.com
Bullard T4MAX Thermal Imager
User Manual
charged AA Alkaline batteries will typically operate a Bullard T4MAX Thermal
Imager for two hours. Do not insert the AA Alkaline battery case into any
Bullard battery chargers, including the Powerhouse.
� WARNING
Cleaning the Lens
The Bullard T4MAX lens is recessed in an impact resistant bezel. The lens
can be cleaned with a soft cloth and soapy water as required.
Replacing the Video Display Cover Window
THE T4MAX THERMAL IMAGER IS EXTREMELY SENSITIVE TO INTENSE,
RADIANT HEAT SOURCES. NEVER POINT THE T4MAX AT THE SUN OR
ANY OTHER SOURCE OF EXTREME RADIANT HEAT, AS THIS COULD
SEVERELY DAMAGE THE THERMAL IMAGER.
Strap Assemblies
Side Straps
The side straps are designed to be field replaceable. Users can order
replacements and install them without having to return the thermal imager
to the factory.
The display cover (Figure 7) has a scratch
resistant hard coating to minimize marring.
However, if heavy scratching or gouging
does occur, the cover window can be
replaced. To do this, simply remove the six
screws along the top, bottom, and sides
of the window. Remove the plastic display
cover window and replace with a new one
(part number T4MAXWINDOW) making
sure that the countersink slots around the
mounting holes are facing outward.
Do not over-tighten.
Removing/Installing the Side Straps
� CAUTION
To remove either of the right or left
side straps, loosen the strap and pull
it through the strap loop located on
either side of the LCD display (Figure
5). Remove the screw that holds the
strap to the imager. To install, fasten
the strap to the unit using the screw
provided. Do not over-tighten. Feed
the strap through the strap loop and
adjust to the desired length.
Strap Loop
Side Strap
DO NOT USE SOLVENTS OR PAINT THINNERS TO CLEAN YOUR BULLARD
T4MAX THERMAL IMAGER AS THEY COULD PERMANENTLY MAR THE
SURFACE OR DEGRADE THE PROTECTIVE PROPERTIES OF THE CASING.
DO NOT INTENTIONALLY SUBMERGE THE UNIT UNDERWATER OR
SUBJECT THE UNIT TO HIGH PRESSURE WATER. FOLLOW CARE
INSTRUCTIONS DESCRIBED ABOVE.
Figure 5
Adjusting the Side Straps
FAILURE TO OBSERVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS MAY RESULT IN PRODUCT
DAMAGE. ANY DAMAGE CAUSED BY IMPROPER CARE IS NOT COVERED
UNDER WARRANTY.
� WARNING
To adjust a side strap, loosen the hook and loop and set to the desired length.
Combination Strap
The combination strap (Figure 6) can be used either as a wrist strap to
keep the imager from falling if it should slip from your hand, or as a gear
strap, hooked directly onto your turnout gear or SCBA. As a wrist strap, the
adjustable strap fits over the sleeve of your turnout gear and can adjust to
any size wrist. The strap can be easily attached to either D-ring located on
the thermal imager. As a gear strap, the strap can be attached to a D-ring
on your turnout gear or SCBA and to a D-ring on the thermal imager. A quick
release buckle serves as a safety release mechanism in case the thermal
imager ever becomes lodged inhibiting movement. Simply depress the buckle
and the thermal imager releases from the strap.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO DISASSEMBLE THE BULLARD T4MAX THERMAL
IMAGER. IF THE UNIT IS NOT FUNCTIONING PROMPTLY RETURN IT
TO BULLARD FOR EVALUATION. DISASSEMBLING THE UNIT VOIDS ALL
WARRANTIES.
LIKE ALL THERMAL IMAGERS SOLD AT THE TIME OF THIS PRINTING,
THE BULLARD T4MAX IS NOT CERTIFIED AS INTRINSICALLY SAFE. DO
NOT ATTEMPT TO REMOVE THE LENS GASKET OR THE REAR BOOT.
THESE PARTS PROVIDE SEALING AND REMOVAL WILL BREAK THE SEAL
EXPOSING THE UNIT TO POTENTIAL WATER DAMAGE. FAILURE TO
FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS COULD RESULT IN DEATH, SERIOUS
INJURY AND/OR PRODUCT DAMAGE.
THERMAL IMAGING IS NOT A TECHNOLOGY DESIGNED TO REPLACE
CURRENT FIRE FIGHTING TACTICS. RATHER, IT IS A TOOL THAT
ALLOWS THE FIREFIGHTER TO BE MORE EFFECTIVE AND TO MAKE
BETTER DECISIONS.
Figure 6
Care Instructions
The Bullard T4MAX Thermal Imager requires little maintenance. For best
results, after each use:
FIREFIGHTERS CANNOT STOP USING BASIC FIREFIGHTER SAFETY
TACTICS. ALL FIREFIGHTERS SHOULD RECEIVE PROPER TRAINING
ON: HOW THERMAL IMAGERS WORK; THE USES AND LIMITATIONS
OF THERMAL IMAGERS; IMAGE INTERPRETATION; AND THE SAFETY
CONSIDERATIONS FOR THERMAL IMAGING USE.
• Clean the outside of the unit with mild soap or detergent.
• Wipe the lens with a soft cloth.
• Clean the display with a soft cloth.
• Check screw tightness on side straps and cover display
• Store your thermal imager in the optional truck mount or in the delivery
case provided.
• All thermal imagers should be maintained using a proper program.
3
Figure 7
www.bullard.com
Service
Warranty
If your Bullard Thermal Imager is not performing properly, contact your
local Bullard distributor where you purchased the unit. Describe the problem
to the Bullard dealer as completely as possible. For your convenience, your
local distributor will try to help you diagnose or correct the problem over the
phone. Before returning your Bullard Thermal Imager, you should verify with
your local distributor if the product should be returned to Bullard. Your local
dealer and Bullard Customer Service will provide you with written permission
and a return authorization number.
Bullard warrants to the original purchaser that the Bullard T4MAX and all
features/accessories installed in the unit are free of defects in materials and
workmanship under intended use and service for a period of two (2) years
from date of manufacture. Bullard’s obligation under this warranty is limited
to repairing or replacing, at Bullard’s option, articles that are returned within
the warranty period and that, after examination, are shown to Bullard’s
satisfaction to be defective, subject to the following limitations:
If the return is a non-warranty repair, your local distributor will provide
you with a repair invoice estimate. To authorize repair, you must provide
a purchase order to your distributor for the amount of the estimate. Once
Bullard or a local distributor authorizes your repair, they will issue you a
return authorization number so that you can return the unit to the Bullard
service station. Bullard will repair the unit and ship it from our service
station within 48 business hours. If the cost of repairs exceeds the stated
quote by more than 15% or by more than 100 Euro, a Bullard representative
will re-estimate your repair and your local distributor will contact you for
authorization to complete repairs. After repairs are completed and the goods
have been returned to you, the local distributor will invoice you for the actual
repair amount.
NOTE
o not attempt to disassemble the sealed case of your Bullard
D
T4MAX Thermal Imager. If the unit is not functioning properly, return
it to Bullard (as described in the Service section) for evaluation.
Disassembling the unit voids all warranties.
Prior to returning your Thermal Imager, decontaminate and clean your
Thermal Imager to remove any hazardous or contaminated materials
that may have settled on the product during use. Laws and/or shipping
regulations prohibit the shipment of hazardous or contaminated materials.
Products suspected of contamination will be professionally decontaminated
at the customer’s expense.
Returned products will be inspected upon return to the Bullard facility. If
the repair is under warranty, Bullard will repair the unit and ship it from our
factory within 48 business hours.
a) Article must be returned to Bullard with shipping charges prepaid.
b) Article must not be altered from its original configuration.
c) Article must not have been misused, abused, or damaged in transport.
d) Maintenance and field replaceable items, if defective, are covered
under warranty for a ninety (90) day period from the date of purchase.
These items include:
• Straps
• Display covers
e) Warranty period for batteries is 1 year from manufacturing date
indicated on battery
Bullard provides a limited lifetime warranty on the T4MAX outer shell. This
warrants that the outer shell is free of defects in materials and workmanship
under intended use and service for the original purchaser. Bullard’s
obligation under this warranty is limited to repairing or replacing, at Bullard’s
option, articles that after examination are shown to Bullard’s satisfaction to
be defective, subject to the following limitations:
1. Article must not be altered from its original configuration.
2. Article must not have been misused, abused, or damaged in transport.
3. When the outer shell is obsolete and Bullard no longer stocks the part, the
limited lifetime warranty will be terminated.
In no event shall Bullard be responsible for damages, loss of use, or other
indirect, incidental, consequential or special costs, expenses or damages
incurred by the purchaser, notwithstanding that Bullard has been advised of
the possibility of such damages.
Any implied warranties, including warranties of merchantability and fitness
for a particular purpose, are limited in duration to two (2) years from the
date of manufacture of this.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or
consequential damages, or allow limitations on how long an implied warranty
lasts, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you. This
warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may have other rights which
vary from state to state.
4
www.bullard.com
Bullard T4MAX Thermal Imager
User Manual
Ordering Information
5
CATALOG NUMBER DESCRIPTION
CATALOG NUMBER DESCRIPTION
T4MAXE
B ullard T4MAX Thermal Imager (includes Bullard Thermal Imager, two 10 V
NiMH rechargeable batteries, 10 V charger with 110 VAC (USA only) and 12
VDC adapters, combination strap, and delivery case)
T3CHARGERE
Charger for NiMH rechargeable batteries POWERHOUSE Truck mounted
Direct Charge System; this system includes: vehicle mount, built-in battery
charger, direct-wiring kit, and attachment hardware
T3TRANSONLY2E
T wo-channel wireless remote transmitter (housed in quick attach handle) receiving system not included
POWERHOUSEE
T ruck mounted Direct Charge System; this system includes: vehicle mount,
built-in battery charger, direct-wiring kit, and attachment hardware
ML5
MobileLink two-channel handheld receiver with one 10V NiMH rechargeable
battery and one 10V charger with 110 BAC (USA only) and 12 VDC adapter
POWERHOUSEKIT K it for Powerhouse truck charger that enables free standing use with either
AC or DC power supplies
REC2E
Two-channel receiver system (includes the antenna, receiver, and all
associated cabling necessary for receiving transmitted video signal)
T3HANDLEE
Quick-attach handle
HANDLEVO
Quick-attach handle with video-out
HARDCASE
Heavy-duty hard case to house the Bullard T4MAX and components
Heavy-duty hard case to house the Bullard T4MAX and components
T3NIMH 10 V NiMH rechargeable battery
T3ALK AA Alkaline Battery Case
T3COMBOSTRAP T4MAXCASE Combination wrist and gear strap
T3STRAPKIT T3RETRACT Retractable strap kit that keeps the T4MAX convenient yet out of the way
Replacement strap kit includes left and right side straps
T4MAXWINDOW TACPORT
Replacement hard coated polycarbonate display cover
P rovides video-out functionality and auxiliary power ports for extended
operation from an external power supply
www.bullard.com
ISO 9001
certified
Americas:
Bullard
1898 Safety Way
Cynthiana, KY 41031-9303 • USA
Toll-free within USA: 877-BULLARD (285-5273)
Tel: +1-859-234-6616
Fax: +1-859-234-8987
Europe:
Bullard GmbH
Lilienthalstrasse 12
53424 Remagen • Germany
Tel: +49-2642 999980
Fax: +49-2642 9999829
Asia-Pacific:
Bullard Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd.
LHK Building
701, Sims Drive, #04-03
Singapore 387383
Tel: +65-6745-0556
Fax: +65-6745-5176
w w w.b u lla rd. c om
©2012 Bullard. All rights reserved.
Electronic Thermal Throttle is a registered
trademark of Bullard.
6050059149B GMBH EN (0812)