45 & 60

User Manual for MullToa 45 and 60
User Manual for MullToa 45 and 60
Congratulations on your purchase
of MullToa toilet
Your bio-toilet is patented and manufactured in Sweden and the brand is MullToa.
MullToa means that it produces natural humus in the actual unit, without the use of
water or chemicals. Our largest model has been awarded the Nordic Ecolabel (the
Swan mark).
1
INTRODUCTION
Please read all these instructions before beginning to install your MullToa toilet.
Experience has shown that problems that usually occur are almost always related to
installation and maintenance. To ensure hassle-free use, please take a moment to read
through the manual.
Three important things to always remember:
– When the toilet is in use the room temperature must be at least 18°C.
– If you are away for more than two days, you should always switch the power off,
otherwise the compost will become dry. Switch the power off and place the cover
over the seat opening.
The moisture content is an important component of the biological process, so it is
important to retain the moisture as long as possible, even when the toilet is switched off.
– Apart from the natural needs being taken care of during a visit to the toilet, the only
thing that should go into the toilet is toilet paper.
Your new MullToa experience starts here! We hope you will be completely satisfied.
CONTENTS
How MullToa works
Contacting Environmental Health
Your MullToa package
Installation package
Extra accessories
MullToa cross-section – all parts
Installation
What you need
Pipe installation
Temperature
Air supply
Assembly
Starting the empty toilet
Maintenance
Regular maintenance
Mixing
Setting the thermostat
Keeping the compost at right temperature
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
6
6
6
6
6
Liquid in the level tube
6
Emptying the tray
7
Grating
7
Float
7
Emptying frequency
7
Emptying before season
7
Switch the power off!
7
Leaving the house for a couple of days or more 7
At the end of the season
7
At the start of the season
7
FAQ
8-9
Bad odour
8
Compost too dry
8
Compost too wet
8
Insects
8
Replacing the break-pin
9
Spare parts and service
9
How the MullToa works
The MullToa is a biological toilet that composts waste and evaporates liquid, in the toilet itself. The composting
process takes place using nature's own microorganisms, without the need of any chemicals. The toilet should be
used as any other. Controlled air supply and heat, as well as regular mixing of the compost, accelerates the
composting process and converts the waste into eco-friendly humus. This makes a nutrientrich supplement for
your garden.
Contacting Environmental Health
Contact Environmental Health office regarding local health regulations. This always applies when installing any
type of toilet.
Your MullToa package
The MullToa box contains:
A toilet, a 50 cm humus rake and a bag of humus.
The installation package (accessories)
The installation package contains: ventilation pipes, (4 x 1.1 m ventilation pipe with 55 mm outer diameter),
exterior pipes (2 x 0,5 or 1,0 m, 110 mm outer diameter), insulation (2 x 1 m), reducing coupling, roof
flashing and insect netting.
Optional accessories
Optional accessories: pipe bends (30° and 45°), additional insulation, straight pipes, humus starter and
an extra tray.
MullToa in cross section
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
Rubber coupling
Adjustable thermostat
Fan motor
Micro switch (float)
Heating element
Airflow
External cord
Composting chamber
Rod for liquid indicator
Float
Tray
Lower heating element
a. Switch for mixing motor
b. Nut for switch
c. Nut for compost cover
Mixer motor
Plug
Compost cover
Shear pin
Shaft with mixer arms
a. upper mixing arm
b. fixed arm
c. lower mixing arm with grating
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
Airflow
Grating
Front cover
Liquid tube, overflow (at the left hand side, seen from the front)
Liquid tube, tray (at the right hand side, seen from the front)
a)
b)
c)
3
INSTALLATION
What you need
For installation you need to have the following tools available:
– Drill
– Hole saw (55 mm) or Compass saw
– Saw
– Metre rule/measuring tool
– Asphalt sealant/adhesive
Also check that the floor area where the toilet is to be positioned is large enough. The floor area required is:
Model 45 width 55 cm x length 110 cm (for the toilet and removal of the tray).
Model 60 width 65 cm x length 135 cm (for the toilet and removal of the tray).
Pipe installation
All pipes going through the ceiling into cold spaces (e.g. the attic) must be insulated. This is to prevent draughts
and condensation in the ventilation pipe. Insulation is essential, regardless of how much or how little the toilet
is used. Do not use pipe bends over 45 °. Do not use a rain cap on top of the ventilation pipe - the air must
be allowed to flow out freely. Only the insect netting should be on top of the pipe.
Temperature
The room in which the toilet is installed must be insulated. When the toilet is in use the room temperature
must be at least 18°C to ensure it functions properly. The easiest thing to do is to fit a thermostaticallycontrolled radiator. If the toilet is not in use then the temperature need not be controlled, low temperatures
will not damage the unit itself.
Air supply
In order to ensure adequate air supply, a vent should be installed in the exterior wall. The exhaust air is
evacuated through the toilet. Avoid having a bathroom fan in the toilet room as it creates a back draught,
which can lead to odours in the room.
4
Assembly
1. Set the toilet in position against the wall.
The floor must be even and insulated.
Insect netting
Reducing coupling
Pipe 110 mm
MIN. 0,5 m
25 mm Insulation
2. Measure and make a hole for the ventilation
pipe in the ceiling, with 55 mm diameter. Install
the ventilation pipe with the non-sleeved end
down inside the rubber coupling on the toilet.
Roof flashing
MAX 45°
3. Measure and make a hole in the roof,
with 55 mm diameter.
25 mm
Insulation
VENT
alternative
4. Push the pipe up through the hole. Seal it well
using asphalt sealant between the pipe and the
roof to prevent any leaks.
18° C
5. Insulate the pipe from the ceiling up to the top.
All pipework in cold spaces must be insulated.
Ventilation pipe
55mm
Radiator
VENT alternative
6. Cut the exterior pipe to fit the angle of the roof.
7. Place the roof flashing onto the exterior
pipe. (Use soapy water to make it easier). If
you have a tin roof, the best thing to do is
to get a lead worker to create a junction
between the roof and the exterior pipe.
8. Pass the exterior pipe over the ventilation
pipe's insulation. Put on the reduction
coupling.
9. Adjust the roof flashing and seal firmly with
asphalt sealant between the roof flasing and
the roof.
Roof flashing
Nonsleeved end
Sleeved end
seal of asphalt
Roof (brick, paper or
plate/plastic)
10.Fit the insect netting against the stop on the
reducing coupling.
Starting the empty toilet
1. Pour the bag of MullToa humus starter into the toilet. About half of the humus starter will fall down through
the grating into the tray.
2. Plug into an earthed socket. Open the lid and the motor will start automatically and run for a short while. Close
the lid and the motor will make one turn. Repeat this a couple of times.
3. Setting the thermostat. This depends on how many people are going to use the toilet. See recommended
use in the separate sketch under maintenance instructions, page 6.
5
MAINTENANCE
A properly installed and maintained MullToa is odour-free. We emphasise this to highlight the importance of reading the
maintenance instructions carefully. If it is not working as it should it has usually something to do with installation or
maintenance. Of course we want your MullToa to work, hassle-free, and we therefore ask that you please take the time
to read through this information in its entirety. Thank you in advance and enjoy your new MullToa toilet!
Extra humus starter
For the best composting, the compost must be of a porous and moderately moist consistency. At low load, or 1-2 people,
calculate around 1/2 litre per person per week. At higher loads, or 3-4 people, halve the amount. If four people a day use the
toilet, two litres of humus should be added into the compost every week. Use the humus rake to mix the humus in. If hard
lumps form in the compost, make sure you break them up. Hard lumps can be a sign that the heat is too high. If this is the
case, turn the thermostat down.
Mixing
When the seat cover is opened, the motor will start automatically and run for a short time. Close the lid after the
toilet has been used. The motor will start again and complete a full turn. This is so that waste and paper will be mixed
into the compost and to make it more porous. This is essential for efficient composting.
Setting the thermostat
Before the first use the thermostat should initially be set according to how many people will be using the toilet.
Number of
people
1–2
3–4
4–6
Recommended
setting at start
1-5
6-7
8-10
For higher or lower loads, you can easily change the setting, as recommended below.
HOW TO SET THE THERMOSTAT
Adjust the thermostat according to load. Check the liquid tube (23) on the right hand side. The thermostat works in two steps
depending on the setting; step one through the float in the tray and step two above the float.
• Setting 0 the power is off
• Setting 1-7 the heat is controlled depending on the thermostat setting and amount of liquid in the tray
• Setting 8-10 the heat is on regardless the amount of liquid in the tray
The float measures liquid level in the tray. This minimizes the risk of the compost becoming too dry.
The float does not increase the heat, this is made through the thermostat.
LIQUID IN THE LEVEL TUBE
The level tube (on the right side, viewed from the front) shows how much liquid is in the tray.
There will always be some liquid in the tray, but the whole tube should definitely not be full; this
would mean the whole tray is full of liquid. One centimetre of liquid in the tube is OK. If your
compost is too moist, or if you have an extra load over a longer period of time, turn up the
thermostat.
RIGHT TEMPERATURE
At the right temperature, the compost has a porous and moderately moist consistency. If liquid stays on top of the compost
and seeps down into the tray slowly, then the compost is too wet and can no longer absorb the liquid as intended. Increase
the thermostat setting slowly and add a few litres of humus starter. On the other hand, if hard lumps form or toilet paper
remains on top, so that it doesn't get soaked and mixed in properly during mixing, the compost is too dry. If so, turn the
thermostat down.
6
THE GRATING
The lower mixing arms (18c) have two ”sleighs” attached.These “sleighs” opens and closes the grating after each use of the toilet.
The grating is closed when the toilet is not being used to maintain the moisture in the compost.When the mixing arms turn, the
grating will be opened and at the same time the arms pushes compost down through the grating into the tray.
THE FLOAT
The toilet has a float controlled heat which turns on/off depending on the level of liquid in the tray. Heat will go on when
the liquid level in the tray is about 2-3 cm. This minimizes the risk of the compost becoming too dry and also creates a more
efficient composting. Check the liquid tube (23) every week. If the liquid level increases, adjust the thermostat until the level
is reduced.
EMPTYING FREQUENCY
In vacation homes, with a four to six weeks stay per year, it is usually enough to empty the tray once. But, at more frequent
use, you have to adapt the emptying frequency. The general rule is to empty the tray when the compost level reaches the
upper mixing arm.You soon learn to adapt the emptying frequency according to use.
EMPTYING IN SPRING
Where you can get by with one emptying a year, leave the compost in the toilet over the winter.
The tray is then emptied in the spring before the toilet starts to be used.
EMPTYING THE TRAY
A few days before emptying, increase the thermostat to 10 to dry up the liquid in the tray. Once it has
disappeared from the level tube, do as follows:
1. Switch the power off!
2. Make sure that there is no liquid in the level tubes on the right or left.
3. If there is liquid, increase the thermostat setting and wait a few days before emptying.
4. Emptying: Remove the front cover. Remove the hose to the tray. If the tray is stuck in place, due to compost
between the tray and the grating having dried out, release the tray by pulling the humus rake back and forth between
the tray and the grating.
5. Empty the tray in a suitable place for post-composting, such as in the garden compost.
6 Clean the tray. Before you slide it into place, check that the area where the tray goes is clean.
7. Replace the level tube. Replace the front cover.
For more frequent use, for example in the event of permanent use, the more often the tray has to be emptied. If the toilet
has not been used for the last 2 months, the contents in the tray can be used as fertilizer immediately. But, when emptying
the tray in the middle of the season, the contents needs to compost further for about 2 months. Remove the full tray and
replace it with an additional tray (which can be bought from us). Put the full tray in a plastic bag.
Prepare for brief absences
If you are away for more than two days, turn the power off and put the cover into the seat opening, otherwise the compost
will quickly become hard and dry. If there is a lot of liquid, for example, after heavy use, you can leave the toilet running for a
limited period (approximately one week). Leave the toilet running with the thermostat in position 1. Then only the fan will
run, and the contents of the tray will dry out slowly.
At the end of the season
When the season is over and it is time to leave your holiday cottage, unplug the toilet and put the cover in the seat opening.
You can also turn off the heat in the toilet room, as the MullToa cannot freeze and break.
New season approaching
When the season is approaching, and it is time to open up your cottage, it is also time for the MullToa to be used again after
a long break. Check if the compost has become hard. If so, break it up with the rake. Then emplty the tray. If there is less than
5 cm of compost on the grate, add som more humus starter.
7
FAQ
– How do I know if the compost is too dry?
Answer:The forming of hard lumps indicates that it is too dry. Another indication is that toilet paper remains on top
instead of becoming wet and getting mixed in properly during mixing.
– What do I do if the compost becomes too dry?
Answer: Use the thermostat to reduce the heat to a lower level and spray some water on the compost, at the same
time it may be useful to break up the compost through the seat using the humus rake supplied.You should also use
toilet paper sparingly, as this is broken down more slowly when the compost is too dry. If the compost is consistently
too dry, despite the thermostat being at position 1-2, then you can install a timer that turns the toilet power off at night.
– How do I know if the compost is too wet?
Answer:When the compost is no longer able to absorb liquid, and it sits on top of the compost.
– What do I do if the compost becomes too wet?
Answer: First check that power is reaching the toilet, so that the fan and heat work. If the fan and heating element
are working correctly then you should be able to hear it and also feel the heat from the back of the toilet with your
hand.Then check:
– That the ventilation pipe has been installed according to the instructions and that it is well insulated.
– That the temperature inside the room is at least 18°C.
– If the toilet has been overloaded (if so, the thermostat setting needs to be adjusted).
– That there is plenty of air being supplied through the wall vent.
Drying up the compost, do the following:
1. Mix a few litres of MullToa Special Humus into the moist compost.
2. If there is also liquid in the level tube, turn the thermostat up to a higher setting. Do not turn it down to a lower
setting until the liquid regains its normal level.
3. If there is liquid in the level tube on the left side as viewed from the front, the tray has overflowed. Raise the
thermostat and wait a couple of days before emptying.
4. If the compost does not become drier, the excess liquid will need to be emptied out. Loosen the level tube
at the top and connect a garden hose. Note: Do not open the front cover.
– What can be put in the toilet?
The toilet can be used like any other, including for the disposal of toilet paper. However, the disposal of items such as
sanitary towels or tampons, cigarette butts, or burning or glowing objects is not allowed.
– What do I do if there is a bad odour in the toilet room?
Answer: A properly installed and maintained MullToa is completely odour-free. If you do experience a bad smell in
the toilet room, it is an indication that something is wrong. Make sure you have carefully followed the installation
and maintenance instructions (using the quick-guide below) and you will probably be able to determine the cause
of the malfunction.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
8
Check that the Biolet is getting enough air through a vent in the outer wall.
Make sure the front cover is closed properly.
Avoid draughts by not having both windows and vents open at once.
Check that the pipes fit the toilet properly.
Check that the pipe joints are sealed completely tight.
Check that any pipe bends you have are not over 45 °, and that you do not have more than two bends.
– What do I do if the mixer motor does not work?
The mixer motor is protected in two different ways in order to prevent damange on mechanical parts.
– The motor runs normally, but the mixing arms do not move!
There is a shear pin mounted in the motor shaft. When the resistance is too tough, the shear pin breaks
and must be replaced.
– The motor starts and stops and after a while it starts again by itself, but the mixing arms are still not moving!
The electrical motor has an overheating protection, which activates if the resistance is too high. It will turn
itself off. But it will try again after a while and it will repeat this until the high resistance in the compost has
been resolved. It usually is enough by mixing the compost using the manual rake and adding a few litres of
humus starter. See “What do I do if the compost becomes too dry” page 8
– What do I do if the shear-pin breaks?
1) Unplug the toilet.
2) Lift the toilet at the front, pull it forward and loosen the ventilation pipe.
3) Unscrew the round nut holding the switch (13b) for the mixer and press the button inside the plastic.
4) Loosen the nut for the compost cover (13c). Lift the upper section.
5) Disconnect the wires that connect the mixer motor (14) to the terminal block on the electrical panel.
Memorise their positions before disconnecting them.
6) Remove the four Phillips screws holding the mixer motor in place in the lower section.
7) Lift the mixer motor straight up. (If the mixer motor is wedged in the shaft, then try
lifting the motor up while you rotate the shaft with an adjustable spanner.)
8) Working on a rigid surface or by fastening the motor shaft in a vice, tap out the remains of the broken
shear-pin (17) using a mandrel or the new shear-pin.
9) Tap in the new shear-pin and put the mixer motor back.
10) Reattach the wires to the terminal block.
11) Perform a test run.
12) Replace the top section, the round nut holding the switch for the mixer in place and the nut for the
compost cover.
13) Put the toilet in place.
14) Switch the power back on.
– When do I need to call a qualified electrician?
MullToa is approved for installation in bathrooms. If the main cord is damaged it must be replaced by the
manufacturer or its repair business, or another qualified person, to prevent injury. This warning is placed
near the toilet.
– Where do I get parts and service?
Contact you national dealer. Always have the serial number and model at hand.This information
can be found on a sticker at the upper back of the toilet.
9
Swedish Ecology AB Klippan 1J S-414 51 Göteborg Sweden
Tel: +46 31 42 29 30 Fax: +46 31 42 49 08 info@mulltoa.com
www.mulltoa.com