Model TH2822/TH2822A/TH2822C Dual Handheld LCR Meter Instruction Manual Safety Summary The following safety precautions are applicable to both operating and maintenance personnel and must be observed during all phases of operation, service, and repair of this instrument. DO NOT OPERATE IN A FLAMMABLE OR EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERE Do not operate the instrument in the presence of much dust, direct sunlight, high humidity, strong electromagnetic radiation, etc. NON-PROFESSIONALS SHUOLD NOT OPEN THE REAR COVER Maintaining, substituting parts or adjusting the instrument should be made by professional maintenance personnel. Please contact relevant distributor or Tonghui’s after-sale service department. 1 DO NOT REMOVE OR MODIFY THE INSTRUMENT Some replacements and unauthorized modifications might cause irreversible damage to the instrument. SAFETY WARNING Strictly follow the relevant safety statements in this manual involving safety, personnel injury, damage to the instrument, operation and environmental conditions causing poor test. 2 Safety Guidelines To ensure that you use this device safely, follow the safety guidelines listed below: This meter is for indoor use, altitude up to 2,000 m. For short-time outdoor use, precautions should be taken to avoid direct sunlight, water and moisture, electromagnetic radiation, dust and explosion. The warnings and safety precautions should be read and well understood before the instrument is used. Use the meter only as specified in this manual. Confirm that the circuits have been powered off and all capacitors in the circuits been discharged before measuring in-circuit components. Discharge all charging elements, such as capacitors, before testing. The power for the meter is supplied with a single standard 9V battery. But also a line operation is possible using a power adapter 3 of 12VDC/150mA. If a power adapter is selected, please be sure to meet the safety requirements of a relevant IEC standard. The battery using in TH2822C is rechargeable. Do not charge nonrechargeable batteries. Safety Symbols This symbol is a warning and indicates that the user should refer to the operating instructions located in the manual. D C power Indicates inside pin is positive (+), outside is negative (-) . 4 Environmental Conditions 0 °C to 40 °C Operating Environment Storage Humidity Storage Environment Pollution degree 0 – 80% R.H. -20 °C to +50 °C 2 5 Contents Safety Summary ........................................................ 1 Safety Guidelines ...................................................... 3 Introduction ............................................................... 9 Package Contents ................................................... 10 Front Panel Overview ............................................. 12 Front Panel Display Descriptions .................................. 13 Front Panel Buttons ...................................................... 15 Button Function Definition ............................................. 16 LCD Display Overview .................................................. 17 LCD Display Descriptions ............................................. 17 Special Display Indicators ............................................. 19 Test Port ....................................................................... 19 Powering Instrument .............................................. 21 Installing Battery ........................................................... 21 Connecting External Power Source .............................. 24 Low Battery Indication .................................................. 26 Backlight Display .......................................................... 27 Charge Display ............................................................. 28 6 Operation Instruction.............................................. 30 Data hold mode (HOLD) ............................................... 30 Data Record Mode (REC) ............................................. 31 L/C/R/Z Select Mode .................................................... 33 D/Q/θ/ESR Select Mode ............................................... 34 Test Frequency (FREQ)................................................ 34 Tolerance Mode (TOL) ................................................. 35 Auto LCR Mode ............................................................ 37 Measurement Rate (RATE) .......................................... 39 Series/parallel Equivalent Mode ................................... 39 Utility Menu (UTIL) ........................................................ 41 Clear Functions (CLEAR) ............................................. 52 Remote Control (RMT) ................................................. 56 Fuse Detection.............................................................. 56 Quick Start Guide .................................................... 58 CAUTION...................................................................... 58 Inductance Measurement ............................................. 59 Capacitance Measurement ........................................... 62 Resistance Measurement ............................................. 64 Impedance Measurement ............................................. 66 Remote Communication ......................................... 67 7 Connecting Instrument to PC ........................................ 67 Virtual Serial Port Configuration.................................... 68 RMT Operation ............................................................. 69 Command Protocols ..................................................... 71 Command Reference.................................................... 77 Specifications .......................................................... 84 General Specifications .................................................. 84 Accuracy Specifications ................................................ 87 Maintenance ............................................................ 94 Service .......................................................................... 94 Cleaning........................................................................ 95 Limited Warranty ..................................................... 96 8 Introduction TH2822 series are designed for measuring inductance, capacitance and resistance components. The instrument can be powered by a 9V battery or external power adapter. The meter is not only applicable to the application occasion of bench meters but also conveniently used in the flow inspect and handheld measurement occasions. TH2822 series provide the primary parameter of up to 40,000 readings, secondary parameter of 0.0001 reading resolution, the maximum measuring frequency of up to 100kHz, constant internal resistance of 100Ω and testing level of 0.6Vrms. The auto range can rapidly display the measuring results and automatically choose the desirable testing parameters in accordance with components properties. Its measuring accuracy is up to 0.25%. Front panel push buttons maximize the convenience of function and feature selection such frequency, rate and L/C/R/Z selection. Tolerance mode can sort components, record mode aid to capture readings, convenient open/short clear function improve the measuring accuracy, utility menu help you easily take 9 the selections of the key tone, auto power-off and storage. All TH2822 series are equipped with the function of remote communication. The test data can be transferred to PC through a Mini USB connection, great for applications that require remote control and data acquisition. Package Contents TH2822 series are equipped with the following contents： • TH2822/TH2822A/TH2822C handheld LCR meter • Instruction manual • Mini USB Interface Cable • Red / Black Banana plugs—Crocodile clip Test Leads • Short-circuit plate • *9V Alkaline battery or 8.4 rechargeable battery • *AC adapter • *TH26027A Kelvin clip test leads • * TH26009C SMD test tweezers 10 • *TH26029C SMD test tweezers * This can be purchased as optional accessories. All contents are subject to actual package list or box. Please locate them from the original packaging to ensure nothing is missing. If in the case that an item is missing, please contact Tonghui or relevant distributor immediately. 11 Front Panel Overview 1 2 8 3 9 4 10 5 6 11 7 12 13 14 Figure 1 - Front Panel Display (model TH2822C shown) 12 Front Panel Display Descriptions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. LCD display USB communication / *Back light button Power ON/OFF button Frequency and record mode selection Secondary display mode (D /Q//ESR, etc.) Primary display mode (L/C/R/Z, etc.)/ auto LCR selection Rate/equivalent mode selection Hold mode/ utility menu Tolerance mode/ utility arrow key Open/short clear/ utility arrow key 5-terminal test sockets (direct measurement on lead components or use of test fixture) 3-terminal test jacks (for use of Banana plugs —Crocodile clip Test Leads) Standard mini USB port (for remote control) 12VDC external power input (use with an external power adapter) *Backlight is not included in TH2822. NOTE: Refer to the adapter’s label for input parameters of it. Rated output parameters is 12VDC， 150mA，4mm. NOTE: Use with included power adapter only or purchase the specified adapters from Tonghui. Use 13 with improper power adapters may damage instrument. NOTE: Internal battery supply will be automatically cut off since the normal supply of external power. If the battery is rechargeable (TH2822C), the external power will charge the battery simultaneously. TH2822C is installed an independent charging controller---charging control is still done even at the state of power-off. WARNING: Before connecting an external power adapter, be sure that the polarity matches the (+) and (-) labels as indicated inside the battery compartment. If it is not installed correctly and connected to an external power adapter, it might cause severe damage to the instrument. WARNING: If the battery is rechargeable (TH2822C), please be sure that the polarity matches the (+) and (-) labels as indicated inside the battery compartment ant the battery is rechargeable. DO NOT charge the nonrechargeable battery! 14 Front Panel Buttons With the exception of the power button, all front panel buttons have specific colored labels on them. They are all marked in black, blue, or orange color. Each color has a specific representation, as described below: Black—the primary function，meaning that function will be set or configured upon pressing it. Orange—the secondary function, it means that the function will be set or configured if that button is pressed and hold down for 2 seconds. Blue—the utility function, the function will be set or configured if the UTIL button is pressed and hold down for a long time. See “Utility Menu” section for details. NOTE: In the button operational instruction, we will use the button name to express the button operation without differentiating the type of button; Pay attention to the difference between “long press” and “press”. 15 1 2 3 4 RMT HOLD UTIL 9 5 D/Q/θ /ESR FREQ REC TOL L/C/R/Z AUTO RATE P S CLEAR 8 7 6 Figure 2 –Button Display (Model TH2822C shown) Button Function Definition 1． Power ON/OFF Button 2． Frequency/Record Mode Button 3． Remote Control/Backlight Button 4． Readings Hold/Utility Menu Button 5． Tolerance mode/ Menu Selection Button 6． Clear/ Menu Selection Button 7． Rate/Equivalent Mode Button 8． LCR Primary Parameters/Auto LCR 9． Secondary Parameters Selection Button 16 LCD Display Overview 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 11 9 1 LCR Z AUTO 29 28 27 D MAXAVGMIN θQ FASTSLOW ESR TOL 2105% DH deg Ω% kHz PAL SER nμH pnμF MkΩ RMT @ OFF 26 25 24 23 22 21 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 20 19 Figure 3 - LCD Indicator Display LCD Display Descriptions 1. LCRZ – Primary display indicator 2. MAX – Maximum reading indicator in the record mode 3. AVG – Average reading indicator in the record mode 4. MIN – Minimum reading indicator in the record mode 5. AUTO – Automatic LCR indicator 6. θ – Phase angle indicator for secondary display 17 7. D – Dissipation indicator 8. Q – Quality factor indicator 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. – Secondary display – Beeper tone indicator for tolerance mode deg – Phase angle (θ) units indicator Ω – ESR(ohm) units indicator % - Percentage indicator (in tolerance mode) kHz – Frequency units indicator PAL – Parallel mode indicator SER – Series mode indicator – Inductance units (L) indicator 18. –Capacitance units (C) indicator 19. MkΩ – Resistance(R) /impedance units indicator 20. RMT – Remote mode indicator – Primary display 21. 22. ESR – Series mode indicator for secondary parameters 23. DH – Data hold indicator 24. SLOW – measuring rate indicator 25. 2105% - Limits indicator in tolerance mode 26. FAST- Fast measuring rate indicator – Low battery/charging indicator 27. 28. @OFF –Auto power-off indicator 18 29. TOL –Tolerance mode indicator Special Display Indicators Indicates short clear if you press the CLEAR button Indicates open clear if you press the CLEAR button Error indication Indicates correction (open/short clear) mode Indicates damaged or open fuse AD converter error（UNK） AD converter error（END） Test Port TH2822 series are creatively designed to combine 3terminal port and 5-terminal port, which makes the 19 convenient test and highly accurate test realized in the instrument. 5-terminal test slot 3-terminal test port 1-Hight Terminal 2-Low Terminal 3-Guard Terminal ! HPOT LPOT HCUR LCUR + 1 2 3 Figure 4- test port With the adoption of standard banana slots, the instrument can use inexpensive banana plugcrocodile clip as the test lead, which make the test quite convenient. However this configuration has low testing accuracy. For the improvement of accuracy when using external testing leads, TH2822 series are designed with 5terminal testing slots and exclusive test fixture to ensure complete external 4-terminal test and measuring accuracy. 20 NOTE: TH26027A, TH26009C, TH26029C 4-terminal test fixtures are optional for TH2822 series. Please refer to relevant instrument accessories. Powering Instrument There are two methods to supply the instrument: Battery and external power adapter. When the two power modes are available, the external DC adapter is prior to the battery. The two power modes can be automatically switched without interruption. Installing Battery TH2822 series can adopt battery for power supply so that you can take measurements whenever and wherever without many preparations. 9V alkaline batteries used in TH2822/TH2822A are non-rechargeable. Reference standard type is IEC6LR61. 21 TH2822C applies 8.4V rechargeable battery with LH-200H7C as the reference type. Do not use nonrechargeable batteries with the exception of emergency cases. The reason is that the charging circuit will operate once the instrument is connected to external power. To Install the Battery: 1． Open up the back-flip stand, and locate the screw that tightens the battery compartment cover as indicated in Figure 5. Use a screwdriver to unscrew and remove the cover. 2． Insert proper battery into compartment. Note the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals as indicated inside the battery compartment (See Figure 6). Be sure to insert the battery with matching polarity. 3． Place the battery compartment cover piece by sliding it into the top slid first. Place screw at the bottom of the cover piece and tighten down with a screw driver. 4． Push and hold down the power ON/OFF button for 2 seconds to turn on the instrument. 22 Figure 5- Back Cover 23 Figure 6- Battery Compartment Connecting External Power Source Some models of TH2822 series are equipped with standard external power adapters, which can use external source. WARNING: Use the included or specified adapter only. Confirm power parameters be ones that adapters require before use. 24 To connect the adapter, do the following: 1. If a battery is installed, please check the battery compartment again that the polarity of the battery matches the polarity as indicated by the labels inside the compartment. WARNING: DO NOT, at any time, connect an external power adapter when a battery is installed incorrectly or a non-rechargeable battery is inserted in a rechargeable instrument. Doing so will damage the instrument and void its warranty. 2. Confirm that an appropriate power supply connects to the adapter. 3. Connect the AC adapter connector into the right side jack of 12VDC. 4. Connect the AC Adapter socket into an electrical outlet. 5. Press and hold down the power button for about 2s to turn on the meter. 25 12VDC Input AC Adapter Figure 7-Connecting AC Adapter to Meter NOTE: The meter will automatically switch to consume power from the AC adapter instead of the battery when an AC adapter is plugged in and consume the power normally. In this event, if the battery installed correctly is rechargeable (for instance, TH2822C), charging controller will be driven at the same time no matter the instrument is on or off. Low Battery Indication At the use of battery for power supply, if the display indicator, it means that the starts flashing the battery voltage is below normal working voltage (below 6.8V). It is highly recommended that the battery be replaced as soon as possible before 26 continuing operation. See “Installing Battery” for instructions. indicator If the battery is rechargeable, when the starts flashing, please charge the battery before continuing operation. When the external source is indicator indicates the plugged in, the flash of charging state. Backlight Display Only TH2822A/C meters have Backlight display that can allow you to see the LCD display in dark conditions, TH2822 doesn’t support backlight. To turn on the back light, you should press the button for a long time. To turn off the back light, you should press the button for a long time. When Using Battery Power When the meter is powered by using battery, the brightness of the back light will automatically decrease to conserve battery power. When the back light have lightened for about 15 seconds, the brightness will continuously decrease; and when the back light have 27 lightened for approximate 30 seconds, the back light will automatically turn off. When Using External Power When the meter is powered using an external AC adapter, once the back light is turned on, it will stay at its maximum brightness continuously and will not automatically turn off. Unplugging the external power to use battery power, the back light will decrease its brightness and automatically turn off. Charge Display The power circuit of TH2822/A is non-rechargeable. When the external power adapter is plugged in, the power mode will automatically switched and the battery power circuit will be cut off. TH2822C is equipped with rechargeable circuit. When the external power adapter is connected, the built-in rechargeable battery will be charged automatically and the power mode will be switched to external power supply. Single charge circle is about 80 minutes and charge current is approximate 40mA. If a battery is full charged, the charge will be automatically shut off; 28 instead, the battery will be charged again after a charge circle. NOTE: A new charge circle will begin as soon as an external power is connected. WARNING: If the instrument has rechargeable circuit, DO NOT connect to an external power when a non-rechargeable battery is installed. Doing so will cause the burst of the battery. ： It indicates low power of battery if not connect to external power; if instrument is connected to external power, it means the charging state. 29 Operation Instruction Data hold mode (HOLD) The data hold function allows the user to freeze the display data. The data displayed on LCD will not update upon the phase of test until data hold is turned off. Turn On Data Hold To use data hold, press the HOLD button. The “DH” indicator will display on the screen when data hold is active. At this moment, primary and secondary displayed on LCD are the testing results before the press of HOLD button. Turn Off Data Hold To disable the data hold, press the HOLD button again. The “DH” indicator will disappear on the screen, and meter will remain in normal operation mode. 30 Data Record Mode (REC) If the data stability of tested components is poor and the data fluctuates in a range, data record mode can aid the reading of data. This mode is used for dynamically recording maximum, minimum, and average values in a range. Enable Static Recording Press and hold down the REC button for a long time to enter the data recording mode. The display should indicate “MAX AVG MIN” simultaneously, which indicates the meter is in static recording mode. Using Static Recording There are four different modes that can be selected in static recording. Per press of the REC button (in recording mode, FREQ will disable), the modes will change and repeat in the following order: Recording Mode Maximum Mode Mode Average Mode 31 Minimum Recording State This is the default mode when enabling static recording. In this mode, LCD will display “MAX AVG MIN” indicator. In a relatively stable range of test data, a beep tone will sound once a recording has been stored. NOTE: When the data fluctuation range is upwards of 1%, data record will dynamically be refreshed. Maximum Display Press REC button until the “MAX” indicator is shown on display. This indicates that the value in the primary display represents the recorded maximum value. Minimum Display Press REC button until the “MIN” indicator is shown on display. This indicates that the value in the primary display represents the recorded minimum value. 32 Average Display Press REC button until the “AVG” indicator is shown on display. This indicates that the value in the primary display represents the recorded average value. Disable Static Recording To exit this mode, press and hold the REC button for a long time. All the “MAX”, “MIN”, or “AVG” indicator will disappear on LCD. NOTE: Changing the type of test parameters will automatically turn off static recording. L/C/R/Z Select Mode To select measurement mode, you should select primary parameter first. Each press of the L/C/R/Z button, the parameter will change and repeat as the following modes: L (inductance), C (capacitance), R (resistance), and Z (impedance). NOTE: After changing primary mode, secondary display indicates the present frequency. If it is required to display corresponding secondary parameters, press the secondary button. 33 D/Q/θ/ESR Select Mode If necessary, press the D/Q/θ/ESR button to select secondary parameters. Each press of the D/Q/θ/ESR button, the following modes will be displayed on the screen: D (Dissipation factor), Q (Quality factor), θ (Phase angle), and ESR (Equivalent series resistance). Test Frequency (FREQ) TH2822 series handheld LCR meters apply AC signal to DUT for measurement. Frequency is among the main parameters of AC signal. By the presence of component’s non-ideality and distributed parameters, the effect of distributed parameters of test port and test lead, the test frequency used on the same component might cause different test result. Therefore, a proper frequency should be selected before test. Selecting Frequency Change the test frequency, push the FREQ button. If the secondary display does not indicate the frequency, it will display the actual operating frequency when you press FREQ. If the secondary display indicates frequency, at each press of the FREQ button, the 34 meter will change among the following selectable frequencies: TH2822： 100Hz/120Hz/1kHz TH2822A：100Hz/120Hz/1kHz/10kHz TH2822C：100Hz/120Hz/1kHz/10kHz/100kHz Tolerance Mode (TOL) The tolerance mode is specifically used for component sorting purposes. In tolerance mode, secondary display indicates the range of percentage. Tolerance mode, nominal value and sorting limit just come into play on primary parameters. The selectable ranges for sorting are as follows: 1%，5%，10%， 20% (20% is not for TH2822). When entering tolerance mode, the data indicated in the primary display will be recorded as nominal value. Displayed value in percentage is: 100*(Mx-Nom)/Nom% Where, Mx is the test value displayed on the primary display; Nom is the recorded nominal value. The percentage value is used for sorting. 35 Use Tolerance Mode To use the tolerance mode as the process shown below: 1. Select the desired primary measurement mode by pressing L/C/R/Z button. 2. Configure the proper test frequency and series/parallel equivalent mode. 3. Perform the operation of CLEAR appropriately if necessary. 4. Test standard implements or components with accurate and reliable measured value. 5. Once the desired measured reading is displayed, press the TOL button once to store the reading as the nominal value. At this point, the “TOL” will be displayed on the screen, indicating that the tolerance mode is activated. A percentage mode will be shown in the secondary mode to indicate the percentage deviation. NOTE: Before the press of TOL button, the primary parameter indicated on LCD in any mode can be taken as the nominal value, including data hold, MAX, MIN, AVG data recording, etc. 6. If sorting is not necessary, you can skip this step. If it is necessary, by pressing the TOL button you can select the range of 1%, 5%, 36 10% or 20%, which will be shown on LCD accordingly. 7. Changing test component, an audible tone will be heard. One single “beep” or tone means the component is within tolerance. Three “beeps” or tone means the component is out of tolerance. WARNING: Be sure that the capacitor has been fully discharged before its test, or the instrument might be damaged. Disable Tolerance Mode Long press of TOL button will disable tolerance mode. NOTE: Changing the test frequency, primary function, or secondary function will automatically disable tolerance mode. Auto LCR Mode Auto LCR function will automatically select the corresponding primary and secondary parameters and suitable series/parallel equivalent mode of L, C, R. The selection is done by judging the impedance 37 property of component according to the test result. It is quite convenient for the measurements of mixed and unknown components. Enable Auto LCR Mode Long press of AUTO button will activate auto LCR mode. The “AUTO” indicator on LCD indicates that auto LCR mode is activated. In auto LCR mode, the match of secondary parameter with primary parameter is shown as below: Table1-Matching relations between primary and secondary parameters in auto LCR mode Secondary Parameter Capacitance (C) Dissipation (D) Inductance (L) Quality Factor (Q) Resistance (R) Phase Angle (θ) In auto LCR mode, series or parallel equivalent mode is selected in accordance with the magnitude of impedance. Parallel mode is selected at high impedance and series mode at low impedance. Primary Parameter 38 Disable Auto LCR Mode Long press the AUTO button again will disable auto LCR mode. In addition, this mode will not continue through changing the primary and secondary modes, series/parallel equivalent mode and frequency mode. “AUTO” indicator on LCD will disappear when auto LCR mode is turned off. Measurement Rate (RATE) There are two selectable measurement rates in this instrument: fast and slow. The rate of fast measurement is about 4~5times/sec and slow measurement is approximate 1.5 times/sec. The stability of slow measurement is higher than fast measurement. The fast and slow rates can be directly switched by pressing RATE button. “FAST” indicator will be displayed on LCD at fast rate and “SLOW” indicator at slow rate. Series/parallel Equivalent Mode For the presence of non-ideality and distributed parameters of components, actual components are usually equivalent to combined network of ideal components. In general, there are two simple 39 equivalent models used in LCR meters, which are series model and parallel model. Figure 8-Series and Parallel Equivalent Models of Inductors and Capacitors Appropriate equivalent modes could help to gain better measurement results. Generally, Series mode is better for components with low impedance (blow 100Ω)，while parallel mode for components with high impedance (over 10kΩ). For the components with the impedance between the two limits, equivalent mode has little effect on the testing result. Selecting Measurement Mode Long press P<->S button, “PAL” on LCD indicates parallel equivalent mode and “SER” means series equivalent mode. 40 Default Equivalent Mode When select primary parameter, equivalent mode varies with primary parameter: For capacitors and resistors, default equivalent mode is PAL; for inductors, is SER. Utility Menu (UTIL) The LCR meter has a built-in utility menu that allows you to configure some user preferences and settings. The buttons used to set and control the menu are colored in blue. There are three buttons: UTIL， ， . User can configure the beep tone, auto power-off timing, store/restore power-on state, view the battery voltage, etc. Entering Utility Menu Long press UTIL button will enter utility menu. Primary display is menu option and secondary display is the current settings or parameters configured for the selected option. After the entrance into utility menu, the default menu option display will show “bEEP”. 41 Configuration and Settings The following contents are included in the utility menu: Table 2-Utility Menu Options and Settings Menu Options Settings/Parameters bEEP ON / OFF AoFF 5 / 15 / 30 / 60 / OFF PuP PrE / Set dEF yES / NO bAtt Battery Voltage Uses of these menu options are as follows: Control beep sound( bEEP) Set auto power-off(AoFF) Set power-up state(PuP) Reset to default settings(dEF) Indicate battery voltage(bAtt) By default, press the button UTIL to change or select a different menu option. To change the settings or parameters, use the and arrow keys. For each UTIL button press, the meter will traverse through each menu options and will repeat itself in the following order: bEEP AoFF PuP dEF bAtt 42 NOTE: The change of settings has different application effects in accordance with different exiting mode. See “Exit Utility Menu” section (Saving and Exiting, Exiting without Saving) for details. Beep Sound Setup (bEEP) The “bEEP” menu option allows the user to enable or disable the beep sound for every key press. NOTE: This option only disables the beep sound for each key press. It does not affect the beep sound for “Tolerance” mode and “Static Recording”, as well as the “auto power-off” warning. Use the and arrow keys to choose ON or OFF. This setting will be immediately effective. But this state will not saved if choose “Exiting without Saving”; “Saving and Exiting” should be implemented if this setting needs to be effective after restarting. Default setting: ON. Auto power-off Setup(AoFF) The “AoFF” menu option allows the user to select the auto power-off timer. The available timer settings are: 5min/15min/30min/60min/OFF. When the primary 43 display shows “AoFF”, push the and arrow keys to select the timer setting. The settings will be shown on the secondary display as Table 3. When AoFF is effective, this timer is always counting continuously; when the configured time is up, the meter will make an audible “beep” sound continuously to remind the user of prompt auto power-off. Before auto power-off, pressing any button will reset the timer count. NOTE: Auto power-off is effective only for battery power. NOTE: When auto power-off is efficient, the display of “@OFF” indicates the operation of timer. NOTE: Auto power-off will not work temporally in TOL mode, REC mode and RMT mode. It will be activated after exiting of above modes. Table 3- Auto Power-off Options Secondary Display 5 15 30 60 OFF Representation 5 minutes 15 minutes 30 minutes 60 minutes Manual power off only 44 The setting will be immediately effective. But this state will not saved if choose “Exiting without saving”; “Saving and exiting” should be implemented if this setting needs to be effective after restarting. Default Setting: 5 Power-up State (PuP) The “PuP” menu option allows user to configure the power-up state of the LCR meter, allowing user to restore settings saved into internal EEPROM memory at power-up. The storable settings are as follows: • Primary function mode (e.g. L/C/R) • Secondary function mode (e.g. D/Q) • State of auto LCR • Series/parallel equivalent mode • Test frequency • Tolerance mode • Reference value for Tolerance mode • Measurement rate In the utility menu, Press the and arrow keys to select “PrE” or “SEt”. PrE means to preserve the previous setting while SEt means to save the current parameter, that is, cover the previous data. 45 NOTE: Exiting mode decides whether to implement SEt. At “Exiting without saving”, SEt is ineffective; while at “Saving and Exiting”, SEt setting will be effective. Default Setting: PrE Configure and Save Power-up State Procedure to configure and save power-up state is as follows: 1. Before entering into the utility menu, configure all the measurement parameters firstly, such as frequency, primary and secondary parameters. If the meter is currently in the utility menu, exit first and enter into utility menu after measuring setup. 2. Press UTIL button for a long time to enter into utility menu. 3. Push the UTIL button to traverse through the utility options until you see “PuP” on the primary display. 4. In order to save the current meter settings for power-up state into internal memory, use 46 either or button to change the settings so that the secondary display shows “Set”. 5. Press the UTIL button to check whether other desirable setups have already been set. With all settings done, exit the menu by long press of the UTIL button. 6. The meter has now saved all current settings into internal memory. At next power-up, the meter will turn on and recall the saved settings. NOTE: The meter allows one set of settings to be stored into memory. Therefore, the same procedure is used to overwrite previously stored settings into memory. Prevent Overwrite of Stored Settings In the utility menu, the “PuP” option default setting is always “PrE”. If it is required to overwrite previously stored settings for power-up state, the option should change to “Set”. Therefore, when entering the utility menu, be sure not to change to “Set” to prevent overwriting any previously stored power-up settings. 47 Reset Default Settings (dEF) The “dEF” option is used to reset the current measuring setup and optional settings in utility menu to default settings. These default settings are as below: 48 Table 4 - Instrument Default Settings Settings Default Configuration Primary Function C (capacitance) Secondary Function None (frequency) Auto LCR function Off Equivalent Method SER (series) Measurement Frequency 1kHz Measurement Speed Slow (SLOW) Tolerance Mode Off Beep Sound On Auto Power-off Timing 5 minutes Stored Measurement Setup clear Stored Utility Menu Option clear 49 In “dEF” option, push either or button to choose “NO” or “yES”. “NO” means the instrument will not be set back to default. “yES” indicates to reset all settings to default and to clear previously stored setup. Default Setting: No NOTE: Exiting mode also decides whether or not to perform “yES” function. At the use of “exiting without saving”, “yES” is ineffective; when “saving and exiting” is selected, restore operation will be efficient. NOTE: In the case where “PuP” is set to “Set” and “dEF” is set to “yES” simutaneously, the “PuP” setting has priority over the “dEF” setting. This means the instrument will not be set back to default upon saving and exiting the utility menu. Instead, the power-up settings will be stored and will be recalled upon the next power-up of the instrument. Indicate battery voltage(bAtt) When menu option changes to “bAtt”, the secondary display will indicate battery voltage that is for reference instead of for operational function. 50 Exit Utility Menu There are two methods for exiting the utility menu: Saving and Exiting, Exiting without Saving. The former saves all the changed settings before exiting, and the latter exits the menu without saving any changes. Saving and Exiting To save all utility menu option settings and to exit the menu, press and hold down the UTIL button for a long time. After this, the meter will exit the menu. Then PuP and dEF will be performed and all settings will be saved. “Saving” means that corresponding settings will be saved in the built-in non-volatile memory. Therefore, data will not lose at the time of power-off and can be used at the time of next power-on. Exiting Without Saving If user decides to exit the utility menu without saving the optional settings, and gives up the operation of “PuP” and “dEF”, it can be done by simply pressing 51 any front panel buttons except UTIL， ， and POWER. PuP and dEF operation will be ineffective. Settings, such as “bEEP” and “AoFF” will not be saved in the non-volatile memory but still be temporarily efficient before power-off. Clear Functions (CLEAR) There are two functions under CLEAR: Open Clear and Short Clear. Clear can decrease the distributed error caused by test leads, for instance, short clear can reduce the effects of contact resistors and test leads and open clear will minimize the influence of distributed capacitors and resistors on testing high impedance components. Enter Clear Mode For convenience, open clear and short clear are designed to share a button. By pressing the CLEAR button, the meter will automatically choose either OPEN clear or SHORT clear. 52 Open Clear First select frequency to clear and keep test clip and test slot be open. Enter into clear by the press of CLEAR, and a moment later the OPEN indicator will appear on secondary display after the automatic measurement judging. If user decides to perform open clear, another press of CLEAR should be done. NOTE:“----” indicator on secondary display indicates that test terminal is out of open state and open clear cannot be performed. Figure 9 - Open Clear 53 Short Clear First choose test frequency to clear and then insert a short plate to test slot. If SMD test tweezers or test clip is used, the short plate should short the test terminal. Enter into clear by the press of CLEAR, and a moment later the SHrT indicator will appear on secondary display after the automatic measurement judging. If user decides to perform short clear, another press of CLEAR should be done. NOTE: “----” indicator on secondary display indicates that test terminal is out of short state and short clear cannot be performed. Figure10-Short Clear 54 Quick Clear Procedure Below is an example of steps to do open or short clear: 1． Select the primary and secondary function mode for measurement; 2． Select test frequency; 3． Select equivalent mode; 4． Keep the test terminal open to perform open clear; 5． Short the test terminal to perform short clear; 6． Connect DUT to start testing after clear. NOTE: 1. Clear data is just temporarily stored in RAM, which means that the data will loss after power-off. Therefore, “clear”, prior to measurement, should be first done after power-on. 2. Clear data is stored under different frequency, thus they will be still valid at the change of test frequency (for instance, under the frequency of 1kHz, the meter has been cleared; and when the frequency is back to 1kHz, there is no need to clear again.) 3. Clear is not concerned with test parameters and series/parallel equivalent mode. In 55 accordance with advanced impedance network principle, the instrument performs clear operation. Though the complex impedance is cleared, the displayed parameter is just one of the elements of impedance, so it is cleared too. 4. After a long time of continuous use, the meter will be affected by the temperature environment and test fixtures, test leads and contact resistance will change. It should be necessary to clear once more according to specific conditions so as to meet the requirement of accuracy. Remote Control (RMT) When the RMT button is used for remote communication, please see “REMOTE COMMUNICATION” section for details. Fuse Detection The meter has an internal fuse in the test signal terminal that protects the internal components from severely damaging the instrument. When the fuse is 56 burned out, the “FUSE” indicator will appear on the primary display and an internal “beep” will sound continuously. In this situation, none of the function buttons can be operated and all other meter functions will be disabled. Figure 11-Fuse Display In the event that the above screen is displayed, the instrument should be powered off. If this does not power off the meter, remove external AC adapter if that is used and/or remove the battery from the battery compartment. Please contact after-sale department of our company or appointed distributor for the change of fuse or maintenance. 57 NOTE: Both fuse damage and none output of test signal caused by signal source fault will make “FUSE” alarm. Quick Start Guide CAUTION • • • Do not measure a capacitor that is not fully discharged. Connecting a charged or partially charged capacitor to the input terminals will damage the instrument. When measuring an on-board component within a circuit, the circuit must be powered off before connecting the test leads. When used in a dusty environment, the instrument should be wiped and cleaned regularly. The electrical conductivity carried by the accumulated dust will eventually have an effect on the use of the meter. 58 • • Do not leave the instrument exposed to explosive, direct sun-lighting and overheating environments. Before removing the cover, ensure that none DUT is connected to the meter and the instrument is disconnected from any circuit and is powered OFF. NOTE: To achieve optimum precision, please refer to “Clear Function” for details before testing. Inductance Measurement 1. Press the POWER button for a long time to turn on the instrument. 2. Press the L/C/R/Z button until “L” is displayed on the screen to select inductance measurement 3. Insert an inductor into test slots or connect a tested inductor through a proper test accessory (e.g., banana plug-crocodile clip test leads, test fixture or SMD test tweezers). See figures 12. And figure 13 shows the optional 4-terminal test accessories. 4. Press the FREQ button until the desired test frequency is displayed on screen. 59 5. Press the D/Q/θ/ESR button to select the desired secondary parameter. 6. Read the readings on LCD for inductance measured values. TH2822C L AUTO Q @ OFF SER μH 100Hz - 100kHz Handheld LCR Meter RMT HOLD UTIL D/Q/θ /ESR FREQ REC TOL L/C/R/Z AUTO RATE P S CLEAR ! HPOT LPOT HCUR LCUR + - Figure 12- Inductance Measurement Below are TH26027A，TH26009C，TH26029C 4terminal test accessories: 60 TH26029C SMD KELVIN TWEEZER HCUR GUARD LCUR TH26009C SMD KELVIN TWEEZER HCUR GUARD LCUR TH26027A KELVIN HCUR LCUR CLIP GUARD Figure 13- 4-terminal Test Accessories 61 Capacitance Measurement WARNING: Before testing, ensure that the tested capacitor has been fully discharged. 1. Press the POWER button for a long time to turn on the meter. 2. Press the L/C/R/Z button until “C” is displayed on the screen to select capacitance measurement. 3. Insert a capacitor into test slots or connect a tested capacitor through a proper test accessory (e.g., banana plug-crocodile clip test leads, test fixture or SMD test tweezers). See figure 14. And figure 13 shows the optional 4-terminal test accessories. 4. CAUTION: Before inserting a capacitor or capacitive component into the input slots or terminals, be sure to fully discharge the component. Some larger capacitive components may take longer to discharge. In these cases, please allot enough time for a full discharge. If improper discharging of the component is done, it will damage the input terminals of the meter. 5. Press the FREQ button until the desired test frequency is displayed on screen. 62 6. Press the D/Q/θ/ESR button to select the desired secondary parameter. 7. Read the readings on LCD for capacitance measured values. TH2822C C AUTO D PAL @ OFF p F 100Hz - 100kHz Handheld LCR Meter RMT HOLD UTIL D/Q/θ /ESR FREQ REC TOL L/C/R/Z AUTO RATE P S CLEAR ! HPOT LPOT HCUR LCUR + - Figure 14- Capacitance Measurement 63 Resistance Measurement 1. Press the POWER button for a long time to turn on the instrument. 2. Press the L/C/R/Z button until “R” is displayed on the screen to select inductance measurement. 3. Insert a resistor into test slots or connect a tested resistor through a proper test accessory (e.g., banana plug-crocodile clip test leads, test fixture or SMD test tweezers). See figure 15. And figure 14 shows the optional 4-terminal test accessories. 4. Press FREQ button until the desired test frequency is displayed on screen. 5. Press the D/Q/θ/ESR button to select the desired secondary parameter. 6. Read the readings on LCD for resistance measured values. NOTE: The meter uses an AC signal for measurement of resistance, so what the test result shows is AC resistance property instead of DC resistance property. 64 TH2822C R AUTO D kHz PAL @ OFF Ω 100Hz - 100kHz Handheld LCR Meter RMT HOLD UTIL D/Q/θ /ESR FREQ REC TOL L/C/R/Z AUTO RATE P S CLEAR HPOT LPOT HCUR LCUR + - ! Figure 15- Resistance Measurement 65 Impedance Measurement 1. Press the POWER button for a long time to turn on the instrument. 2. Press the L/C/R/Z button until “Z” is displayed on the screen to select impedance measurement. 3. Insert impedance (resistor, capacitor or inductor) into test slots or connect tested impedance through a proper test accessory (i.e., banana plug-crocodile clip test leads, test fixture or SMD test tweezers). Figure 13 shows the optional 4terminal test accessories. 4. Press the FREQ button until the desired test frequency is displayed on screen. 5. Press the D/Q/θ/ESR button to select the desired secondary parameter. 6. Read the readings on LCD for impedance measured values. 66 Remote Communication The meter has the capability to communicate with a PC over the mini USB interface. Upon installation of a USB driver, PC can control the instrument and collect test results over virtual serial interface. Connecting Instrument to PC Follow the below procedures for connection setup. 1． Install USB driver from CD or download the USB driver from www.tonghui.com.cn. 2． With a Mini-USB cable, connect one end of it to the LCR meter and the other end to an available USB port on PC. Press the POWER button to turn on the meter. 3． Skip the next process when the driver has been stalled. 4． When Windows recognize the USB connection, PC will prompt user to install driver. The following process is to cancel installation guide and directly run the setup program in the setup file. 5． When completed, Windows will create a virtual serial port and distribute a serial number. See Windows device manager for details. 67 6． Open the control software and use the assigned serial number to communicate with the handheld LCR meter. You can Download the FastAccess PC communication software from our web site (www.tonghui.com.cn) for a demo use. TH2822C LCR Z AUTO D MAXAVGMIN θQ FASTSLOW ESR TOL 2105% DH deg Ω% kHz PAL SER nμH pnμF MkΩ RMT @ OFF 100Hz - 100kHz Handheld LCR Meter RMT HOLD UTIL D/Q/θ /ESR FREQ REC TOL L/C/R/Z AUTO RATE P S CLEAR HPOT LPOT HCUR LCUR + - ! Figure 16- Connection to PC Virtual Serial Port Configuration Below is the serial communication configuration of TH2822 series: 68 • Baudrate：9600 • Data bits： 8 • Parity: None • Stop bits： 1 • Flow Control: None Upon the installation of USB driver, if the default assigned by serial port does not match to above configuration, please modify it as the following process: Open Windows device manager→ Port→ Used Serial Port→ Right Click → Property→ Port Setup RMT Operation In the case of communication, the RMT button is used to change the running modes： Change to Local Operation in Remote Control Mode; Change to Auto Fetch state in Local Operation mode; Disable the Auto Fetch function in Auto Fetch state. NOTE: Auto Fetch state means to send testing result automatically without needing the initiative inquiry of PC. 69 Remote Mode Upon the acceptance of any commands from PC, the meter will be automatically set into remote mode. In this mode, the LCD display will show “RMT” indicator. When this is shown, all front panel button will be locked and disabled, except for RMT and POWER buttons. If the meter has been in Auto Fetch mode before receiving remote control commands, Auto Fetch mode will be disabled. That is to say, among panel operation, Auto Fetch and Remote Control, remote control has the highest priority. To exit remote control, press the RMT button. When the “RMT” indicator disappears on the LCD display, the meter goes back to local operation. NOTE: If the local operation is locked, RMT button will be ineffective as well. See *LLO common command in Command Reference section for details. Press RMT button to change to Auto Fetch state, when it is not in the remote mode. See the description below. Auto Fetch When the meter is out of remote control, it can be changed to Auto Fetch mode. That is, the meter will 70 automatically send data to the interface bus upon every measurement. Therefore, PC will obtain data by direct reading with no need to send any commands. It is quite useful in the recording data simply. Enable/Disable Auto Fetch To toggle between enabling and disabling auto fetching when the meter is out of remote control, press the RMT button. In Auto Fetch, every flash of “RMT” means send a measurement result. NOTE: Auto Fetch can be disabled by remote control. When a remote command is sent to the meter, Auto Fetch will be disabled. To re-enable Auto Fetch after remote command, first press the RMT button to return panel operation and then enter into Auto Fetch mode by another press of RMT. Command Protocols Overview TH2822 series support SCPI commands with ASCII character strings transmitting control commands and returning query information and data and with a 71 specified terminator identifying the termination of a command line or query data line. The adoption of SCPI commands brings convenience for the interaction control of PC on the meter through programming. Command format is compliance with specifications and easy for understanding and use. Common Command The IEEE 488 standard defines the common commands for general use in all kinds of instrument. Common commands usually come with the asterisk “*” character, and may include parameters. Some examples of Common command like: *IDN?, *GTL, *LLO. TH2822 series support a few common commands. See the following command descriptions for more details. Termination Character A terminator is a character sent by a host, which identifies the end of a command line. Only when a termination character is received, the instrument will analyze and deal with command character string. Terminators can be any one of the following character strings: 72 <CR> (Carriage Return， ASC(&H0D)) ； <LF> (Line Feed， ASC(&H0A))； <CR><LF> Returned Result After the meter executes a query command, the return of the result will be in the following format: <Result> + <CR> <LF> CR is Carriage Return and LF is Line Feed. For example, in inquiring measured results (FETCH?), the format of the printed data will be shown as the following: <Primary measured data, Secondary measured data, Tolerance Result> <CR> <LF> Data Types Table 4 below explains the different data types transmitted on bus with ASCII characters: 73 Table 4 - Data Type Data Type <NR1> <NR2> <NR3> <Boolean> <Literal> Explanation Integer Real This representation has an explicit radix point and an exponent A parameter for Boolean setting. Always return “0” or “1” for Boolean query command A string is used as command parameters with short literal form Example +800,-200,100,-50 +1.56,-0.001,10.5 +2.345678E+04 -1.345678E-01 ON or OFF HOLD Symbol Convention Syntax Symbols in Commands Below symbols is a part of commands: 74 Syntax Symbol : ; * , ？ “” Explanation Colon means to enter into next command level Separate another command at the same command level common command multi-parameter delimiter inquiry Space, separate commands from parameters quoting part Symbols in Command Explanations Below symbols are used for the description of command format, which are not the constituting part of command. Table 5-Command Specifier Mark Symbol  | <> () Explanation Option; can be omitted Exclusive OR Defined element Comment 75 Abbreviation, upper case and lower case commands 1． There are two command formats: complete format and abbreviated format. In the following command description, capital section of the complete commands shows abbreviations format. It has the same effect of sending abbreviated and complete commands. 2． Abbreviation command is generally shown in the form of 4-letter. Any abbreviation absent from command table is taken as incorrect command. 3． Either uppercase or lowercase letters, the effects on the bus are the same. 76 Command Reference Common Command *IDN? Query instrument ID. Return: <instrument model>, <firmware version>, <serial number> *LLO Local Lockout. This means that all front panel buttons, including the RMT key is not available. (POWER button is enabled.) *GTL Go to local and remove local lockout. If *LLO is sent, the only way to operate front panel is to go to *GTL. *TRG Trigger the instrument to take a measurement. Due to the automatically continuous test, *TRG command is of no use. 77 SCPI Commands FREQuency Subsystem FREQuency <value> Description: Set measurement frequency Parameters are 100, 120, 1000, 10000,100000 or 100hz,120hz,1khz,10khz,100khz (model supported) Example: FREQuency 100hz Set 100Hz frequency FREQuency? Description: Query the measurement frequency Return: < 100hz，120hz, 1khz, 10khz，100khz> FUNCtion subsystem FUNCtion:impa < L | C | R | Z > Description: Select primary parameter Example: FUNCtion:impa L Selects L as primary parameter FUNCtion:impa? Description: Query primary parameter Return: <L, C, R, Z, NULL > FUNCtion:impb < D | Q | THETA | ESR > Description: Select secondary parameter Example: FUNCtion:impb D Select D as secondary parameter 78 FUNCtion:impb? Description: Query secondary parameter Return: <D, Q, THETA, ESR, NULL> FUNCtion:EQUivalent < SERies | parallel | PAL > Description: Set equivalent mode Parameters: SERies — series mode Parallel — parallel mode PAL — parallel mode Example: FUNCtion:EQUivalent SERies Set series mode FUNCtion:EQUivalent? Description: Query the equivalent mode Return: <SER, PAL> CALCulate subsystem CALCulate:TOLerance:STATe < ON | OFF > Description: Enable or disable tolerance mode Example: CALCulate: TOLerance:STATe ON CALCulate:TOLerance:STATe? Description: Query the tolerance mode Return: <ON, OFF > CALCulate:TOLerance:NOMinal? Description: Query the nominal value Return: NR3 or -----(exceeding data range) 79 CALCulate:TOLerance:VALUe? Description: Query the percentage value of tolerance Return: NR3 or ----- (exceeding data range) CALCulate:TOLerance:RANGe < 1 | 5 | 10 | 20 > Description: Set tolerance range as 1%,5%,10% or 20% (20% not available for some models ) Example: CALCulate:TOLerance:RANGe 1 Set 1% tolerance range CALCulate:TOLerance:RANGe? Description: Query the tolerance range Return: <BIN1, BIN2, BIN3, BIN4 or ---- > “----” means unsetting range CALCulate:RECording:STATe < ON | OFF > Description: Enable or disable recording function Example: CALCulate:RECording:STATe ON CALCulate:RECording:STATe? Description: Query the recording state Return: <ON or OFF> CALCulate:RECording:MAXimum? Description: Query the maximum value of recording function Return: <NR3, NR3> ( primary and secondary parameters, when data exceeds limits or there is no data, what returns is“----”.) 80 CALCulate:RECording:MINimum? Description: Query the minimum value of recording function Return: <NR3, NR3> (primary and secondary parameters, when data exceeds limits or there is no data, what returns is “----“) CALCulate:RECording:AVERage? Description: Query the average value of recording function Return: <NR3, NR3> (primary and secondary parameters, when data exceeds limits or there is no data, what returns is “----“) CALCulate:RECording:PRESent? Description: Query the present value of recording function Return: <NR3, NR3> (primary and secondary parameters, when data exceeds limits or there is no data, what returns is “----“) FETCh Subsystem FETCh? Description: query the measurement result. Return: <NR3, NR3, NR1> that is primary parameter, secondary parameter and compared result. Example: FETCh? 81 Summary of Supported SCPI Commands Table 2 - Summary of SCPI Commands Command FREQuency FREQuency? FUNCtion :impa Parameter Explanation <Value> Set Test Frequency Query Test Frequency <Literal> Select primary display parameter Query primary display parameter Select secondary display parameter Query secondary display parameter Set equivalent mode Query equivalent mode :impa? :impb <Literal> :impb? :EQUivalent :EQUivalent? CALCulate :TOLerance :STATe :STATe? :NOMinal? :VALUe? :RANG :RANGe? :RECording :STATe <Literal> <Boolean> Enable/disable tolerance mode Query tolerance mode Query nominal value Query percent of tolerance Set tolerance range Query tolerance range <Value> <Boolean> Enable/disable recording function Query recording state Query max. value of recording :STATe? :MAXimum? 82 :MINimum? :AVERage? Query min. value of recording Query average value of recording Query present value of recording Query measurement result :PRESent? FETCh? Error Codes If the received commands or parameters from bus contain errors, the meter will terminate the analysis and execution commands. At the same time, error code will be displayed on LCD and beep will be sound. Below defines the error description based on the error code. E10: Unknown command E11: Parameter Error E12: Syntax Error 83 Specifications Below is the general specification and the accuracy specification of TH2822 series and applicable to TH2822, TH2822A, TH2822C. Declaration: The specifications are subject to change without notice. *NOTE: 120Hz is the rated frequency. The actual frequency is 120.048Hz. General Specifications Function Measurement Parameters Primary: L/C/R/Z Secondary: D/Q/θ/ESR Equivalent Mode Series, Parallel Auto LCR Function Manual, Auto Ranging Mode Auto Test Terminals 3-terminal,5-terminal Measurement Speed 4 meas/sec，1.5m eas/sec Correction Short, Open Tolerance Mode TH2822 1%，5% ， 10% 84 TH2822A/C 1%，5% ， 10% ， 20% Input Protection Fuse 0.1A / 63V Interface Mini-USB (virtual serial port) Test Signal Signal Frequency TH2822 100Hz,*120Hz,1kHz TH2822A 100Hz,*120Hz,1kHz,10kHz TH2822C 100Hz,*120Hz,1kHz,10kHz, 100kHz Test Signal Level 0.6Vrms Output Impedance 100Ω Display Display Backlight (not available TH2822) LCD primary-secondary dual display for Readings Basic Accuracy Battery supply: when backlight is on, luminance is reduced by half 15s later and automatically turned off 30s later. Powered by adapter: backlight off until manually turned off Max. Counts of Primary Parameter: 40,000; D / Q / θ Min. resolution of secondary parameter: 0.0001. 0.25% （see accuracy specifications for details） Primary Range and Resolution See Accuracy Specifications Secondary Range for Display 85 Resolution Parameter ESR 0.0000W -- 999.9W 0.0001W D 0.0000 -- 9.999 0.0001 Q 0.0000 -- 9999 0.0001 θ -179.9° -- 179.9° 0.01° Power Supply Battery Model TH2822/A IEC 6LR61,9V Alkaline battery LH-200H7C,8.4V Ni-MH 200mAH rechargeable battery Input：220V(1±10% )， 50Hz(1 ±5%) Output：12V -15V DC TH2822C AC Adapter Max.:28mA Typical:25mA (@1kHz,100Ωload) Operating Current (with backlight off) Standby(Power Off)Current TH2822/A Battery Life TH2822C Charge Time Current(TH2822C) Auto Power Off (valid for battery powered) Low Voltage Indicator Max. :2μA(Non-rechargeable) 16 Hours (typical) based on backlight off and new alkaline 6 Hours (typical) based on backlight off and new fully charged Ni-MH battery and Max.: 80min Max. Current: 42mA 5min/15min/30min/60min/OFF available ;factory default :5min When battery voltage drops below 6.8V, Low Voltage Indicator turns on 86 General Operation Condition Temperature 0℃ -- 40℃ Relative Humidity ≤90% R.H. Weight 350g 190mm ´ 90mm 41mm IEC 61010-1:2001 IEC 61326-2-1:2005 Dimensions (H ´ W ´ D) Safety and EMC compliance Accuracy Specifications Notices: 1． Environment temperature：23℃±5℃; Humidity: ≤75% R.H. 2． Valid after 10 minutes of warm up time. 3． Test in measuring slots on front panel. 4． Measurements performed after correct open and short correction. 5． Test in the recommended equivalent mode. 6． Percentage accuracy representation: ±(%reading+ least significant digits) 7． Actual measurement and display range may exceed the ranges in below table, but we do not specify its accuracy again. 8． Subscript Explanation: 87 ´ s—series equivalent; p—parallel equivalent; e—accuracy 9． Some parameters cannot be expressed as the way of data sheet; therefore they can just be converted by formulas according to corresponding results. Inductance (L) and Quality Factor (Q) Equi- Accuracy 1kHz 100Hz/120Hz Range Display Range valent Le De * Mode 1000H 400.0H∼1000.0H 1.00%+3 0.0100 400H 40.00H∼399.99H 0.35%+2 0.0035 Parallel 40H 4.000H∼39.999H 0.25%+2 0.0025 Parallel Parallel 4H 400.0mH∼3.9999H 0.25%+2 0.0025 ---- 400mH 40.00mH∼399.99mH 0.25%+2 0.0025 Series 40mH 4.000mH∼39.999mH 0.45%+2 0.0045 Series 4mH 0uH∼3.999mH 1.40%+5 ------ Series 100H 40.00H∼100.00H 1.00%+3 0.0100 Parallel 40H 4.000H∼39.999H 0.35%+2 0.0035 Parallel 4H 400.0mH∼3.9999H 0.25%+2 0.0025 Parallel 400mH 40.00mH∼399.99mH 0.25%+2 0.0025 ---- 40mH 4.000mH∼39.999mH 0.25%+2 0.0025 Series 4mH 400.0uH∼3.9999mH 0.45%+2 0.0045 Series 400μH 0.0uH∼399.9μH 1.40%+5 ------ Series 88 10kHz 100kHz 1000mH 400.0mH∼999.99mH 0.80%+3 0.0080 Parallel 400mH 40.00mH∼399.99mH 0.35%+2 0.0035 Parallel 40mH 4.000mH∼39.999mH 0.25%+2 0.0025 ---- 4mH 400.0uH∼3.9999mH 0.30%+2 0.0030 Series 400μH 40.00uH∼399.99μH 0.45%+2 0.0045 Series 40μH 0.00uH∼39.99μH 1.40%+5 ------ Series 100mH 40.00mH∼399.99mH 1.20%+5 0.0120 Parallel 40mH 4.000mH∼39.999mH 0.80%+2 0.0080 Parallel 4mH 400.0uH∼3.9999mH 0.50%+2 0.0050 ---- 400μH 40.00uH∼399.99μH 0.50%+2 0.0050 Series 40μH 4.000uH∼39.999μH 0.80%+5 0.0080 Series 4μH 0.000uH∼3.999μH 2.50%+10 ------ Series *Note: Accuracy of De is assessed when De <0.5 Quality factor Q and Accuracy Qe is calculated by the following formula: when Qx × De ≤ 1， Qx × De 1 Qx × De 2 Qe = ± Where, Qx is the measurement value. 89 Capacitance(C) and Dissipation (D) Equi- Accuracy 1kHz 100Hz/120Hz Range Display Range valent Ce De* Mode 20mF 4.000mF∼20.000mF 5.00%+5 ±0.0500 Series 4mF 400.0μF∼3.9999mF 1.00%+3 ±0.0100 Series 400μF 40.00μF∼399.99μF 0.35%+2 ±0.0035 Series 40μF 4.000μF∼39.999μF 0.25%+2 ±0.0025 Series 4μF 400.0nF∼3.9999μF 0.25%+2 ±0.0025 ---- 400nF 40.00nF∼399.99nF 0.25%+2 ±0.0025 Parallel 40nF 4.000nF∼39.999nF 0.35%+3 ±0.0035 Parallel 4nF 0pF∼3.999nF 1.25%+5 ------ Parallel 1000μF 400.0μF∼999.99μF 2.00%+5 ±0.0200 Series 400μF 40.00μF∼399.99μF 1.00%+3 ±0.0100 Series 40μF 4.000μF∼39.999μF 0.35%+2 ±0.0035 Series 4μF 400.0nF∼3.9999μF 0.25%+2 ±0.0025 Series 400nF 40.00nF∼399.99nF 0.25%+2 ±0.0025 ---- 40nF 4.000nF∼39.999nF 0.25%+2 ±0.0025 Parallel 4nF 400.0pF∼3.9999nF 0.35%+3 ±0.0035 Parallel 0.0pF∼39.99nF 1.25%+5 ------ Parallel 400pF 90 10kHz 100kHz 100μF 40.00μF∼100.00μF 3.00%+5 ±0.0300 Series 40μF 4.000μF∼39.999μF 1.50%+3 ±0.0150 Series 4μF 400.0nF∼3.9999μF 0.35%+2 ±0.0035 Series 400nF 40.00nF∼399.99nF 0.25%+2 ±0.0025 Series 40nF 4.000nF∼39.999nF 0.25%+2 ±0.0025 ---- 4nF 400.0pF∼3.9999nF 0.25%+2 ±0.0025 Parallel 400pF 40.00pF∼399.99pF 0.35%+3 ±0.0035 Parallel 40pF 0.00pF∼39.99pF 1.25%+5 ------ Parallel 10μF 4.000μF∼10.000μF 6.00%+20 ±0.0600 Series 4μF 400.0nF∼3.9999μF 2.50%+10 ±0.0250 Series 400nF 40.00nF∼399.99nF 0.80%+5 ±0.0080 Series 40nF 4.000nF∼39.999nF 0.50%+2 ±0.0050 Series 4nF 400.0pF∼3.9999nF 0.50%+2 ±0.0050 ---- 400pF 40.00pF∼399.99pF 0.80%+2 ±0.0080 Parallel 40pF 4.000pF∼39.999pF 1.20%+5 ±0.0120 Parallel 4pF 0.000pF∼4.999pF 3.00%+10 ------ Parallel 91 Impedance（Z） and Phase Angle （θ） Accuracy Range Display Range Equi- Ze θe valent 100kHz 100Hz -- 10kHz Mode 10MΩ 4.000MΩ∼10.000MΩ 3.00%+5 ±1.75° Parallel 4MΩ 400.0kΩ∼3.9999MΩ 1.25%+3 ±0.75° Parallel 400kΩ 40.00kΩ∼399.99kΩ 0.35%+2 ±0.25° Parallel 40kΩ 4.000kΩ∼39.999kΩ 0.25%+2 ±0.15° Parallel 4kΩ 400.0Ω∼3.9999kΩ 0.25%+2 ±0.15° ---- 400Ω 40.00Ω∼399.99Ω 0.25%+2 ±0.15° Series 40Ω 4.000Ω∼39.999Ω 0.35%+2 ±0.25° Series 4Ω 0.4000Ω∼3.9999Ω 1.00%+3 ±0.60° Series 0.4Ω 0.0000Ω∼0.3999Ω 3.00%+5 ----- Series 10MΩ 4.000MΩ∼10.000MΩ 8.00%+20 ±4.60° Parallel 4MΩ 400.0kΩ∼3.9999MΩ 3.00%+10 ±1.75° Parallel 400kΩ 40.00kΩ∼399.99kΩ 1.20%+5 ±0.69° Parallel 40kΩ 4.000kΩ∼39.999kΩ 0.80%+2 ±0.46° Parallel 4kΩ 400.0Ω∼3.9999kΩ 0.50%+2 ±0.30° ---- 400Ω 40.00Ω∼399.99Ω 0.50%+2 ±0.30° Series Series 40Ω 4.000Ω∼39.999Ω 0.80%+5 ±0.46° 4Ω 0.4000Ω∼3.9999Ω 2.50%+10 ±1.43° Series 0.4Ω 0.0000Ω∼0.3999Ω 6.00%+20 ----- Series *Note: Accuracy of De is assessed when De <0.5 92 Equivalent Series Resistance Accuracy of equivalent series resistance is calculated by below formula： Rse = ± X x × φe Where, X x is measured reactance, or X x = 2πfLx Xx = 1 2πfC x φe is the phase angle accuracy， φe = θ e × π 180 Notice：the accuracies of ESR and Rs are same. Equivalent Parallel Resistance Accuracy of equivalent series resistance is calculated according to the below formula: Rpe = ± R px × φe D x φe Rpx is the measured value of Rp, Dx is the measured value of dissipation. 93 Maintenance WARNING: Do not perform any service by yourself. Service should only be done by qualified personnel and trained technicians. WARNING: Beware of liquid and residues, especially conductive matter. Service If the instrument fails to power on, first check battery, external source and power sockets and the validity of buttons. If the measurement result is abnormal, first inspect the condition of test accessories and damage of reed in test slots. See operation manual for information of correct operation. Do not replace components. Contact the after-sale department of our company or relevant distributors for uncertain maintenance. The meter must be turned off or removed from external power before replacing battery. See Installing Battery section for details. 94 Cleaning Before cleaning this meter, make sure the power is OFF and remove external AC adapter if one is used. To avoid electrical shock or damaging the meter, prevent water from getting inside the case. In the case that water gets inside, remove the battery immediately and do not operate the instrument immediately. To clean the meter, wipe the dirty parts with a soft cloth soaked with diluted neutral detergent. Avoid having the instrument too wet to prevent the detergent from penetrating into the inside components of the meter, causing damages. After cleaning, make sure the instrument is completely dried before operating it again. 95 Limited Warranty The instrument, component parts and accessories will be free from defects in workmanship and materials for a period of two years from date of purchase. Tonghui will, without charge, repair or replace, at its option, defective product or component parts. Returned product must be accompanied by proof of the purchase date in the form of a sales receipt and the included accessories. This warranty does not apply in the event of misuse or abuse of the product or as a result of unauthorized alterations or repairs. The warranty is void if the serial number is altered, defaced or removed. Changzhou Tonghui Electronic Co., Ltd. NO.3, Tianshan Road, XinBei District, Changzhou, Jiangsu, China Website: www.tonghui.com.cn Email：firstname.lastname@example.org After-sale Service: 0519-85195199 96 Version: 2010.12 1st Edition 97 © 2010 Tonghui Corp.