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 Limited Warranty
Avanti Stigefabrik A/S warrants that commencing from the date
of shipment to the Customer, and continuing for a period of the
longer of 365 days thereafter, or the period set forth in the standard
Avanti warranty, the Fall Protection System (“Product”) described
in this Manual will be free from defects in material and workmanship under normal use and service when installed and operated in
accordance with the provisions of this Manual.
AND WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ANY
IMPLIED WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, NON-INFRINGE-
MENT, SATISFACTORY QUALITY, COURSE OF DEALING, LAW,
USAGE OR TRADE PRACTICE ARE HERBY EXCLUDED TO
THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW
AND ARE EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED BY AVANTI. IF, PURSU-
ANT TO ANY APPLICABLE LAW, TO THE EXTENT AN IMPLIED
This warranty is made only to the original user of the Product. The
sole and exclusive remedy and the entire liability of Avanti under
this limited warranty, shall be, at the option of Avanti, a replacement of the Product (including incidental and freight charges paid
by the Customer) with a similar new or reconditioned Product of
equivalent value, or a refund of the purchase price if the Product is
returned to Avanti, freight and insurance prepaid. The obligations
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of Avanti are expressly conditioned upon return of the Product in
strict accordance with the return procedures of Avanti.
WARRANTY CANNOT BE EXCLUDED AS PROVIDED IN THIS
LIMITED WARRANTY, ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY IS LIMITED IN
TIME TO THE SAME DURATION AS THE EXPRESS WARRANTY
PERIOD SET FORTH ABOVE. BECAUSE SOME STATES DO
NOT PERMIT LIMITATIONS ON THE DURATION OF IMPLIED
WARRANTIES, THIS MAY NOT APPLY TO A GIVEN CUSTOMER.
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY GIVES CUSTOMER SPECIFIC LEGAL
RIGHTS, AND CUSTOMER MAY HAVE OTHER LEGAL RIGHTS
UNDER APPLICABLE LAWS. This disclaimer shall apply even if
the express warranty fails of its essential purpose.
This warranty does not apply if the Product (i) has been altered
without the authorization of Avanti or its authorized representative;
(ii) has not been installed, operated, repaired, or maintained in accordance with this Manual or other instructions from Avanti; (iii) has
been subjected to abuse, neglect, casualty, or negligence; (iv) has
been furnished by Avanti to Customer without charge; or (v) has
been sold on an “AS-IS” basis.
Except as specifically set forth in this Limited Warranty, ALL
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED CONDITIONS, REPRESENTATIONS
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User’s Manual and Installation Instructions - AVANTI Fall Protection
1 Caution
a) An expert is familiar with and is trained within the
AVANTI Fall Protection system, the EN 363 and the
EN 353-1.
An AVANTI Fall Protection Technician has succesfully participated in the AVANTI Fall Protection
course and is considered an expert.
A competent Person is familiar with the correct usage of the AVANTI Fall Protection system and have
had an introduction to personal protection equipment.
a) The fall protection system may not be used by persons under influence of alcohol or drugs that may
jeopardize working safety.
b) Assembly, maintenance and testing of the fall protection system may only by an expert.
Only competent persons may use the system.
d) If any damager or faults are found during operation,
or in case of circumstances which may jeopardise
safety:
- Immediately stop the work in progress
- Contact the site responsible e.g. the turbine owner
or the site foreman.
c) Users are obliged to read and understand this
User’s Manual.
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2 Danger
d) A copy of the User’s Manual must be handed out
to the fall protection users and must be available
for reference.
e) If more than one person is trusted with one of the
above tasks, the employer shall appoint a supervisor in charge of operation.
f) If the fall protection system is re-sold outside the
original country of destination the reseller shall
provide instructions for use, for maintenance, for
periodic examination and for repair in the language
of the country in which the product is to be used.
g)Please insure the ladder system with the Fall protecting System is capable of supporting:
for USA: not less than 5000 lb (22,2kN) static load
for Canada:not less than 27 kN
for EU: 15kN
b) Only people introduced to the AVANTI fall protection system by an expert may use the system.
c) The owner must ensure that a rescue plan that deal
with any emergencies that could arise during work
is in place and that the users are familiar with this.
e) No warranty is provided against damage resulting
from reconstruction or modification of equipment
or use of non-original parts which are not approved
by the manufacturer.
f) The fall protection system may not be used outside
its limitations, or for any purpose other than that for
which it is intended.
g) The AVANTI fall protection runner should be
handed out and treated as a personal protection
equipment.
h) Keep a distance of 6 meter between each user
during ascend and descend. No more users may
use the 2 x 6 meter rail simultaneously as this will
jeopardize the system statics.
i) The first two meters the user may not be protected
against hitting the ground. Take precautions.
j) Prior first use an expert must inspect the system.
3 Description of equipment
k) If oil, grease or the like has leaked onto the safety
rail – wipe it of.
l) If oil, grease, chemicals or the like has leaked onto
the shock absorber or in any kind been in contact
with the webbing, have an AVANTI fall protection
technician replace the shock absorber.
m)After 5 years of use replace the shock absorber.
Date of expiration is printed on the shock absorber
label.
n) Operation temperature -35º / +60º Celsius.
o) In connection with the fall protection system only
full body harnesses approved according to EN 361
may be used.
p) The complete fall protection system has been
manufactured and approved according to EN 3531.
q) Ladders supplied by AVANTI comply with the requirements of EN 131 and EN ISO 14122.
r) The Avanti supplied CE-marked carabiners is approved according to EN 362 and the AVANTI shock
absorbers is approved according to EN 355.
3.1 Purpose
The Fall Protection Device in this User’s
Manual serves the following purposes:
- The fall protection system is intended for use
during ascent and decent on stationary ladders
installed in towers, pylons, well shafts, manholes
etc.
- The fall protection system is a safety device which
prevents falling /reduces personal injuries if fall occur.
- The fall protection safety rail is designed for permanent installation in one place.
The Fall Protection Device is not designed
for:
- For securing horizontally,
- For securing equipment,
3.2 Function
The Fall Protection Device comprises a safety rail
mounted on a ladder and a runner who can be
clicked onto the rail. The user attaches the runner to
his harness by means of an integrated shock absorber
and carabiner. When starting the climb he/she clicks
the runner onto the safety rail. When climbing the runner glides upwards on the safety rail. In case the user
experiences a fall the runner will lock onto the safety
rail and prevent a fall.
s) All parts and units have been especially developed
for the AVANTI Fall Protection System Type 2002
and as such cannot be used in other fall protection
systems.
t) These instructions must be kept together with the
fall protection system.
The tower owner must verify the need for 3rd party
fall protection device inspections with the local
authority and comply with the standards specified.
User’s Manual and Installation Instructions - AVANTI Fall Protection
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3.3 Component overview:
4 Daily inspection
Rail
Guide claque
Runner
1) Before use the runner must be checked for visual
damage, wear and tear, and other defects. Pay
especially attention to the shock absorber.
2) During ascent look for visible damage and loos
parts along with loose bolts on ladder, rail or joints.
3) Equipment with defects or equipment that leaves
doubt concerning safe use must be checked by an
expert.
STOP
STOP if the runner looks defect / or
parts are missing do not use it.
Rail and runner on ladder
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5 Directions for use
Runner
STOP
Eagle runner
DANGER!
• The runner, the shock absorber, and the carabiner
comprise a safety system. Never adapt, extend, or
in any way change this system.
• The runner may only be used if the bottom left
steel tap lock has popped out in lock position.
• The arrow on the runner must point upwards – otherwise it will not block a fall.
Open runner by pushing bottom left steel tap lock and
pull left and right runner side apart.
Place one of the runner sides on its respective safety
rail side with the runner arrow pointing upward (1).
2
While lifting the break leaver, tilt the runner so both
runner sides are round each side of the safety rail (2)
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Instructions:
a) Before using this fall protection system make sure
to wear an approved harness worn in accordance
to the producer’s prescriptions.
b) Fasten carabiner to harness in chest or waist Dring.
c) With the arrow pointing upwards the runner is
clicked onto the safety rail. (see pictures below)
3
Push the two runner body parts together until the bottom left steel tap lock pops back in position and locks
the runner body. Make sure it is locked correctly (3).
1
Remove runner by pushing the bottom left steel tap
and pull the runner sides apart.
User’s Manual and Installation Instructions - AVANTI Fall Protection
Before dismounting assure you are safe or
use another fall protection device.
STOP
DANGER!
If the fall protection device has blocked a fall take the
ladder out of use. Contact a Fall Protection Technician
so he can replace the affected ladder/rail section.
5.1 Directions for use
of AVANTI Eagle
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STOP
DANGER!
• The runner, the shock absorber, and the carabiner
comprise a safety system. Never adapt, extend, or
in any way change this system.
• The arrow on the runner must point upwards – otherwise it will block a fall.
• If the runner looks defect / or parts are missing do
not use it.
Opening the AVANTI Eagle
Must always be done without load and when there is
no risk of falling.
1) Turn the thumbscrew clockwise until it is fully inserted (photo 1 A)
Instructions for AVANTI Eagle:
a) Before using this fall protection system make sure
to wear an approved hardness worn in accordance
to the producer’s precripsions
b) Fasten carabiner to harness in chest or waist Dring.
1A
2) Push first the lock pawl and then the brake lever
upwards – both in the direction of the arrow – and
hold them in position (photos 1B and 1BB).
Mounting the Eagle Runner
1) Turn the arrow on the body upwards.
2) The Eagle Runner must be open before it can be
mounted on the rail (see page 10 and 11).
3) Press the Eagle Runner around the rail with the
brake lever rasied (photo 2A).
4) Release the brake lever when the runner have
been pressed together. The lock pawl jumps back
against the brake lever and locks it (photo 2 B).
1B
2A
1BB
3) Open the Eagle Runner by pulling at the right side
at right angles to the rail (photo 1C).
2B
1C
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d) The harness can be cleaned using a weak sulphosolution and a soft brush. Subsequently, rinse with
pure water.
e) If the equipment gets wet air-dry naturally. Do not
use any kind of heating.
f) Store runner out of direct sunlight and protected
form heat and dust.
2D
5) Turn the thumbscrew anti-clockwise to the end
stop (photo 2D).
6) The thumbscrew must always be fully screwed out
to the stop during use.
7) Test the Eagle Runner without load before use.
This is done by lifting the closed runner upwards
and then pulling downwards – it should then lock.
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During use of the Eagle Runner
• When the Eagle Runner is in use, the thumbscrew
must always be fully screwed out (counterclockwise) to the end stop, so that the lock pawl cannot
be lifted.
• Use only undamaged and correctly mounted runner and rail.
At least every 12 months an inspection by an
AVANTI fall protection expert shall be
carried out.
7 Yearly inspection
Once a year an expert must inspect the fall protection
system paying special attention to the safety rail and
the runner. If not - this will void the warranty.
Are the yearly tests not performed the warranty is
void, and AVANTI renounce all liability and claims that
may appear.
AVANTI runs “fall protection technician classes” on
regular basis. If interested contact AVANTI.
8 Ordering spare parts
6 Maintenance
a) Dry runner and rail with a cloth.
When parts are found to be missing stop working.
b) Keep all parts free of oil, grease, and chemicals.
Rail and ladder: Contact an expert and let him/her
replace/repair the missing parts and carry trough a
fall protection system inspection.
c) Never place liquids or sharp objects in the vicinity
of the fall protection system as these may damage
the equipment.
Runner: Contact an expert and let him/her replace/
repair the missing parts and carry trough a runner
inspection.
9 Marking
Read instruction before use
AVANTI Eagle production no.
EC Standard no.
Product name
EEC-notified body no.
Upward direction when mounted on rail
Read instructions before use
Runner production no.
EC Standard no.
AVANTI product name
EEC-notified body no.
Runner rating plate
EEC-notified body no.
EN Standard no.
Production batch no.
Read instructions before use
Eagle Runner marking
1
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Upward direction when mounted on rail
Rail rating plate
Max distance between safety rail and harnes 0,3 m
Shock absorber expiration month
Batch no.
Standard EN no. for shock absorber
EEC-notified body no.
Eagle Runner marking
Shock absorber lable
User’s Manual and Installation Instructions - AVANTI Fall Protection
Installation manual
10 Fitting instructions
a) An expert must be in charge of the fall protection
system fitting. The expert takes full responsibility
for the fitting and guarantee that the installation is
done in accordance to these instructions.
b) Prior to mounting the system, ensure that the tower
involved will be able to carry the load.
c) Ensure that the ladder intended for mounting the
AVANTI fall protection system comply with the
requirements of EN 131 and EN ISO 14122. E.g.
internal rung width must be minimum 340mm (All
AVANTI ladders do)
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d) Ladder with rung geometries that differs form
AVANTI‘s may call for special rung fittings.
These must be approved by AVANTI.
AVANTI Eagle Runner
Hammerhead bolt
e) Before installing the fall protection rail ensure that
all parts are present. Refer to parts list delivered
along with the fall protection system.
Installing the AVANTI fall protection system you will
need the following parts.
Two rails and fish joint
Rung fitting
Top and button stopper
Rung fitting mounted on a Safety rail.
Runner
Mounting of rail on ladder:
1. Place the safety rail in the centre of the ladder with
the guide claque situated in the left side.
6. The indicator mark on the hammerhead bolt must
be positioned in an angle of 70° to the safety rail.
(see fig below)
70°
Guide claque
70°
2. Mount the fall protection rung fittings with hammerhead bolts as follows:
a) At the top rung of the safety rail ladder.
7. Tighten the hammerhead nut with 6 Nm.
b) At min. every 3rd rung never allowing more than
2 rungs in a row without rung fitting.
8. Self-locking nuts must be used at all times, ensure
that:
• The bolt extends from the nut by at least half of
the thread diameter.
• If it has become possible to loosen the nut by
hand replace the nut.
c) At the bottom or second last rung of the safety
rail ladder.
3. Each rail system (6,0 m length) must be fastened
with at least 6 fittings.
4. Each rail must be fastened with at least 3 fittings.
The bottom end rail must though have 3 fittings.
5. When joining more ladder sections use profile
fish joints or U-profile. Assure that 2 hammerhead
bolts are used for each rail end - that is 4 per fish
joint. Max distance between rails is 4 mm.
9. At the top and buttom of the safety rail mount a
stopper.
10. During installation in wind turbine towers mount
a stopper on the rail top of each individual tower
section.
1
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Connection of ladder and rail in flance
connections.
In case the rail and ladder is installed in a wind turbine
tower before the tower is assembled the ladder and
rail may need adjustment during tower assembly.
Please follow the cutting and fitting instructions below.
Ladder Top:
A rung fitting is always mounted on the top rung of
each tower section.
Ladder Bottom:
3. After cutting-of the safety rail below the rung, the
safety rail must extend minimum 55mm below the
rung.
4. If the rail is cut to less than 100 mm below the
rung (x<100 mm), the rung fitting - if any, must be
moved up one rung (See fig. D below).
C
D
1. After cutting-off the safety rail above the step, the
safety rail must extend minimum 55mm above the
step.
2. If the rail is cut to less than 100 mm above the
step (x<100 mm) the fitting must be moved down
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X>100mm
X<100mm
X>100mm
X<100mm
5. If it is not a bottom tower section there must
always be a rung fitting on one of the two lower
rungs. If this is not the case this must be retro fitted.
General fitting instructions:
A
B
• The anti-fall system shall only be fitted with original
system parts.
• All system elements must be checked on site, even
if the ladders are supplied with the rails already fitted.
• The ladder joints are to absorb the vibrations and
torsional stress. Not the safety rail.
11 Inspection before
initial use
Before first use an expert must inspect the fall protection system. The result of the inspection must be
entered in the enclosed test journal and filed for later
reference.
Ladder rung:
• Ensure that no dents, holes, or cracks have any
influence on the step stability.
• Dents may not exceed 10 mm in diameter or be
more than 1 mm deep.
• If dents are found on the rung edges or corners the
step stability can no longer be guaranteed. Replace
step.
Ladder style
• Ensure that no dents, holes, or cracks have any
influence on the style stability.
• Dents may not exceed 20mm in diameter or be
more than 1 mm deep.
• If dents are found on the style edges or corners the
style stability can no longer be guaranteed. Replace the ladder section.
Ladder connections
• Connecting two ladder sections the gap between
the two parts may not exceed 30 mm.
Ladder end
• On the top end and bottom end of the ladder a
protection guard such as the AVANTI rubber feet or
end cap must be in place. During construction of
wind turbine towers a top stopper must be mounted on each individual tower section.
Safety rail
• Ensure that the safety rail fittings are mounted according to the installation manual above.
• Ensure that no sharp edges are present.
• Check the legibility of the product marking. If
marking is not present have an expert replace
them.
• Ensure that a top stop is mounted.
Safety rail connections
• Ensure that profile fish joints are mounted using
two hammerhead bolts, 4 in total, on each safety
rail section leaving max 4 mm between each
safety rail, and that the indicator mark on the hammerhead bolt is turned 70º
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