OPERATING MANUAL
XL2-TA HANDHELD AUDIO AND
ACOUSTIC ANALYZER
Contact NTi Audio at
Headquarter
Americas
China
Czech
Japan
South Korea
United Kingdom
+423 239 6060
info@nti-audio.com
+1 503 684 7050
americas@nti-audio.com
+86 512 6802 0075
china@nti-audio.com
+420 2209 99992
czech@nti-audio.com
+81 3 3634 6110
japan@nti-audio.com
+82 2 6404 4978
korea@nti-audio.com
+44 1438 870632
uk@nti-audio.com
www.nti-audio.com
NTi Audio is an ISO 9001:2008
certified company.
Firmware V2.71
Version 2.71.01 / 3. April 2014
All information subject to change without notice.
©
All rights reserved.
®
Minirator is a registered trademark of NTi Audio.
™
XL2-TA, EXEL, M2230, M2211, M2215, M4260 and MA220
are trademarks of NTi Audio.
Made in
Sw i t ze r l a n d
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
1.Introduction......................................................................5
2.Overview...........................................................................7
Operation........................................................................9
The Screen Display....................................................... 11
3. Getting Started..............................................................14
Power Supply . ............................................................. 14
Attaching the Hand Strap.............................................. 17
Unfolding the Stand .................................................... 18
Connecting the XL2-TA ................................................ 18
Switching the XL2-TA On and Off.................................20
Select Measurement Function......................................20
Calibration prior Measurement.....................................21
4.Sound Level Meter.........................................................22
Overview......................................................................26
Sound Level Meter - Getting Started............................34
RTA Measurement - Getting Started............................40
Reporting......................................................................45
Logging.........................................................................46
Wav-File Recording.......................................................48
Events (optional)...........................................................50
Limits............................................................................57
Correction Value KSET..................................................59
5.Acoustic Analyzer...........................................................64
FFT Analysis + Tolerance...............................................64
Reverberation Time RT60.............................................. 74
Polarity..........................................................................86
Delay Time....................................................................90
1/12 Octave + Tolerance (optional)................................96
Noise Curves (optional)............................................... 106
Speech Intelligibility STIPA (optional).......................... 116
6.Audio Analyzer.............................................................131
RMS / THD+N............................................................. 131
Oscilloscope............................................................... 134
7.Calibration....................................................................135
8. Profiles..........................................................................138
9.Spectral Limits Option (Capture + Tolerances)..........145
10. System Settings.........................................................157
Settings....................................................................... 157
Information................................................................. 160
Scheduler.................................................................... 161
3
Table of Contents
11.Data Management.....................................................164
Record Voice Notes..................................................... 169
Recall Measurements................................................. 175
Append Measurements ............................................. 177
12. XL2 Data Explorer (optional).................................... 182
13. XL2 Projector Software............................................. 184
14. Monitoring Network.................................................. 186
15. Remote Measurement............................................... 186
16.Microphones ............................................................. 187
17. Further Information................................................... 190
My NTi Audio.............................................................. 190
Tips and Troubleshooting............................................ 191
Firmware Update........................................................ 193
Options and Accessories............................................ 194
Warranty Conditions...................................................204
Calibration Certificate..................................................205
Service and Repairs....................................................205
Declaration of Conformity...........................................206
18.Technical Data XL2-TA...............................................207
19.Technical Data Microphones.....................................214
20. Technical Data PreAmplifier.......................................220
4
Appendix..........................................................................221
Appendix 1: Standard - Optional Features..................221
Appendix 2: Factory Default Profiles..........................225
Appendix 3: Description Sound Levels.......................230
Appendix 4: Common Sound Levels...........................234
Details regarding IEC61672-1..........................................244
General Information....................................................245
Level Linearity.............................................................248
Level Linearity of Octaveband-Spectrum....................249
Level Linearity of Third-Octaveband-Spectrum...........250
Self-generated Noise with Microphone......................251
Precision Calibrator.....................................................252
Frequency Response Corrections at 250 - 20000 Hz.254
Frequency Weighting..................................................257
Directional Response (dB)..........................................258
Compulsory Calibrated Applications ............................262
Information for Calibration.............................................263
Introduction
1. Introduction
Thank you for purchasing the XL2-TA Audio and Acoustic Analyzer. The XL2-TA Analyzer forms the unique combination of a
state-of-the-art Sound Level Meter, a comprehensive Acoustic
Analyzer as well as a powerful Audio Analyzer. The wide range
of functionalities is tailored for:
• Audio-Acoustic Installations
-- Installed Sound
-- Life Safety Systems
-- AV Installations
-- Cinemas
• Noise Measurements
-- Live Events
-- Environmental Noise
-- Occupational Health
-- Vehicle Noise
• Live Sound
-- Sound Level Monitoring
-- Front of House
-- PA Rental
• Broadcast
• Building Acoustics
• Industrial Quality Control and Aerospace
How to Read this Manual
The XL2-TA push buttons are displayed as icons
,
,
,
, ,
, , , . A detailed description of the push buttons
is listed in the chapter Overview - Operation.
Menu items displayed on the XL2-TA page screens are shown
in this user manual by a bold font, e.g., SLMeter, Parameter,
...
5
Introduction
Product Configurations
The following items are included with the respective type approved model:
XL2-TA
• XL2-TA Analyzer
with Firmware V2.71
(equals XL2 with installed Type Approval Option)
• Test Signal CD
• Li-Po battery
• USB cable
• Hand strap
• Operating manual
M2230
• M2230 Measurement Microphone
consisting of
-- MA220 Microphone PreAmplifier
-- MC230 Microphone Capsule
• Dust Cap
• 50 mm Windscreen
• Microphone-holder MH01
with Adapter 5/8“ - 3/8“
• Operating manual
• Individual Frequency Response Chart
• ASD Cable
• Precision Calibrator
• Optional: Extended Acoustic Pack for XL2-TA
6
Overview
2. Overview
11 Tripod Mount
XL2-TA interfaces:
10 Speaker
6 Digital I/O
1
XLR Input
9
Headphone
Output
5 USB Connector
2
3
Voice Note Input
RCA Input
4 DC Power Socket
8 TOSLink Output
7 SD Card
7
Overview
1
XLR Signal Input
Either a balanced audio signal, an NTi Audio measurement microphone or the microphone pre-amplifier MA220
plug directly into the XLR input. The Automated Sensor Detection (ASD) technology reads the electronic
data sheet of any connected NTi Audio device after the
48 V microphone phantom power is activated.
2
RCA Input
Unbalanced audio signal input.
3
Voice Note Input
Internal microphone for recording voice notes and measuring polarity and delay time. For polarity measurements, an
external microphone may also be used.
4
DC Power Socket
Socket for mains power adapter. Further details in the chapter Power Supply in this manual.
5
USB Connector
Mini-B USB connection, for accessing the SD Card.
6
8
Digital I/O
Programmable digital inputs/outputs.
7
SD Card
For storing data, screenshots, voice notes, wav-files.
8
TOSLink Output
24 bit linear PCM audio signal output. For future use; not
active at this time.
9
Headphone Output
The XLR/RCA input signals are routed to the headphone output. Connecting headphones mutes the internal speaker.
To connect the headphone output directly to a line input, a
load impedance < 8 kOhm is required for proper operation.
This can be achieved by inserting a 1 kOhm resistance between tip and ground of the output jack.
10
Speaker
The XLR/RCA input signals are routed to the speaker. Press
the speaker button
to toggle the speaker on/off. Press
and hold the speaker button to access the volume control.
Set the speaker level with the rotary wheel .
11
Tripod Mount
Mechanical mount for attaching the XL2-TA to a tripod or
microphone stand.
Overview
Operation
2
9
8
 The speaker is activated and the speaker or headphone
6
7
Volume of Speaker and Headphone Output
• Press the button
briefly to enable or disable the speaker.
icon shows up in the upper menu bar.
• Press and hold the speaker button
.
 A pop-up window for volume is displayed.
1
5
2
1
3
4
Page Control
Switches among various screens depending on the menu
function selected.
9
Overview
• Hold the speaker button
down and adjust the level
of the speaker and headphone outputs with the rotary
wheel . Digital gain control prevents gain increases beyond a level that will cause signal clipping. The maximum
gain setting depends on the connected input signal.
• The headphone output provides a linear output signal
using the SLMeter function (for input levels of approx.
-30 dBu and higher, which equals at M2230: 85 dBA,
M2211: 92 dBA utilizing a pink noise test signal).
3
4
10
Power & Backlight
The power button
switches the instrument on. The XL2TA is immediately ready for operation. Holding down the
power button
for one second switches the XL2-TA off.
Additionally, a brief press of the power button
toggles
the backlight during operation.
Limit
• SLMeter: The limit button lights up green, yellow or red
according to the settings in the Limit page. Press the
limit button
to access the Limit page. For more details
visit the chapter Sound Level Meter: Limits.
• FFT + Tol: The limit button lights up green for results
within tolerance and red for out-of-tolerance results.
• Polarity: The limit button lights up green at positive polarity and red at negative polarity.
• 1/12 Oct + Tol: The limit button lights up green for results
within tolerance and red for out of tolerance results.
5
Pause
Pauses the current measurement. Press the pause button
or the start/stop button
to continue the measurement. The data logging is continued in the function SLMeter/RTA during the pause period and listed in the log file.
6
Start/Stop
Starts and stops a measurement.
7
Enter
Confirms a selection.
8
Rotary Wheel
Selects the required measurement function or the individual measurement parameter.
9
ESC
Terminates an entry, returns to the top menu level or closes
an open window.
Overview
The Screen Display
The XL2-TA displays the actual sound levels also in case of no
measurement has been started. Any displayed averaged level
refers to the previous measurement period. The XL2-TA shows
four lines in case of no previous measurement period is applicable.
Updating of display
• Numeric values
Updated every 500ms independent of the measurement
function. The maximum time span between the end of
the measurement period and the first test result display is
500ms.
• Graphs and spectra
Updated every 50ms
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
The display is updated continuously during measurement.
11
Overview
1
Measurement Results
Individual level measurement results.
2
Main Menu
12
SLMeter/RTA
SPL & RTA Measurement
FFT + Tol
FFT Analysis with optional Tolerance
Management
RT60
Reverberation Time RT60
Polarity
Polarity
Delay Time
Delay Time
RMS/THD+N
RMS Level and Distortion
Oscilloscope
Scope
1/12 Oct + Tol
Spectral Analysis with Tolerance Management (optional)
Noise Curves
Noise Curves
STIPA
Speech Intelligibility (optional)
Cinema Meter
Calibration and verification of cinema
loudspeaker systems (optional)
Calibrate
Calibration Menu for microphone
Profile ...
Store and load measurement profiles
System
System Settings
3
Page Selector
Toggles between available measurement and result pages
within the same function menu. Alternatively use the page
button
.
4
Input Selector
Select XLR or RCA input connectors as the source.
5
Memory Menu
The memory menu is used for data storage management.
One of the following symbols flashes before or after starting the measurement:
9-8-7
Time in seconds until instrument is settled and
measurement will start.
RUN
Indicates the ongoing measurement.
LOG
Indicates the ongoing measurement with data
logging.
AUD
Indicates the ongoing measurement with data
logging and audio recording.
Evt
Indicates an ongoing triggered-event recording.
Overview
After a completed measurement, the memory symbol
indicates a non-saved measurement report. Your measurement needs to be stored manually. For more details visit
the chapter Data Management.
6
7
Speaker/Headphone
Indication of enabled rear speaker or headphone output.
Phantom Power Supply
48V
ASD
48V
8
The XL2-TA provides 48 V phantom power
supply to the connection microphone or sensor.
An NTi Audio measurement microphone with
automated sensor detection ASD is connected. The XL2-TA reads the electronic data
sheet of the microphone and switches the
48V phantom power automatically on
Phantom power is switched off.
Real-Time Clock
The real-time clock is set in the System menu.
9
Battery Symbol
The battery symbol indicates the battery status as follows:
Using rechargeable Li-Po battery:
Level indication 100% (U > 4.0 Volt).
Level indication:
75%: U = 3.9 - 4.0 Volt
50%: U = 3.8 - 3.9 Volt
25%: U = 3.7 - 3.8 Volt
Level indication 0% (U < 3.7 Volt). The battery is
almost empty and must be recharged.
The battery is being recharged by the mains
power adapter or the USB connection to PC.
Using standard AA batteries:
No level indication as long as U > 4.5 Volt.
Level indication 0% (U < 4.5 Volt). The batteries
are almost empty and should be replaced.
Using mains or supply:
No indication of battery status.
13
Getting Started
3. Getting Started
Power Supply
The XL2-TA offers flexible power management options and can
be operated either by
• Replaceable, rechargeable lithium-polymer (Li-Po) battery
(included with the XL2-TA Analyzer)
• 4x AA-batteries
• Mains Power Adapter
The new battery is charged to approximately 50% and should
be fully charged before use with:
Battery Charger
(optional)
Charging Time: approx. 3 hours
NTi Audio #: 600 000 332
Mains Power
Adapter
(optional)
Charging Time: approx. 6 hours
Leave the battery inside and switch off
the XL2-TA
for charging.
NTi Audio #: 600 000 333
USB Power
from PC
Charging Time: approx. 6 hours
Switch off the XL2-TA
for faster
charging.
14
Operation using Mains Power Supply
You can also operate the XL2-TA with mains power using the NTi
Audio DC power supply unit. During operation with this external Mains Power Adapter, it is recommended to leave the batteries inside the instrument.
Mains Power Adapter
• Electrically-isolated, linear DC power supply
• Non-NTi Audio power supplies may have negative effects on measurements.
• A decreased THD+N performance will occur with unbalanced input signals when
using
switching-type
power
supplies
(approx. 3 dB).
• Damage caused by using an inappropriate external DC supply is not covered by warranty.
DC Power supply specifications
• Voltage: 7.5 - 23.0 Volt
• Power: minimum 6 Watt
• Connector type: 2.1 x 5.5 x 9.5 mm
• Polarity:
.
Getting Started
Rechargeable Li-Po Battery
• Open the battery cover at the rear of the instrument.
• Insert the rechargeable Li-Po battery with the contacts edge
first.
• Close the battery cover.
3.
Switch off the XL2-TA
for faster recharging
by mains power adapter or USB connection.
Caution
• Switch the XL2-TA off prior opening the battery cover in order to prevent any electronic
discharges.
• Avoid short-circuits.
• Operate and charge the battery between 0°C
and 45°C (32°F - 113°F).
• Do not heat the battery above 60°C.
• Do not place the battery in or near fire.
• Do not solder directly on to the battery.
• Do not disassemble the battery.
• Do not insert the battery in reverse polarity.
2.
1.
15
Getting Started
AA-Batteries
Alternatively, the XL2-TA can be powered by AA type batteries
• Open the battery cover.
• Insert 4 fully-charged AA batteries, observing correct polarity
of the +/- indications in the battery compartment.
2.
 The polarity alternates with successive batteries.
• Close the battery cover.
• Switch the XL2-TA off prior opening the battery cover in order to prevent any electronic
discharges.
• Use only similar batteries from the same
manufacturer.
• Replace discharged batteries with new ones.
• Do not mix used and new batteries.
• During operation, the battery temperature
may increase noticeably. This is not a defect.
• Remove all batteries if the XL2-TA is not to be
used over a long period of time.
16
1.
Getting Started
Attaching the Hand Strap
To avoid accidentally dropping the XL2, a hand strap is supplied
with the instrument.
• Pull the loop of the hand strap through the opening.
• Pull the other end of the hand strap through the loop.
• Pull the hand strap tight.
1.
2.
3.
17
Getting Started
Unfolding the Stand
Connecting the XL2-TA
A convenient table stand is attached to the rear of the instrument.
Acoustic Measurements
Connect an NTi Audio measurement microphone to the XLR
input connector of the XL2-TA.
• Unfold the stand and rest the XL2-TA on a flat surface.
18
Getting Started
Audio Measurements: XLR Connection
• Connect the source to the XL2-TA with an XLR cable.
• Select the XLR input in the menu.
Audio Measurements: RCA Connection
• Connect the source to the XL2-TA with an RCA (cinch) cable.
• Select the RCA input in the menu.
19
Getting Started
Switching the XL2-TA On and Off
Select Measurement Function
Switching On the XL2
• Navigate with the rotary wheel
to the main menu bar.
• Confirm with enter
to select the measurement function.
Press power
to switch on the XL2-TA.
 There is a brief sound of relays and the display illuminates.
 The main menu window opens
Switching Off the XL2
Press power
the XL2-TA.
and hold it down for one second to switch off
Main menu with enabled options
• Scroll up/down with the rotary wheel
quired function and confirm with enter

The measurement function is selected.
20
to select the re.
Getting Started
Setting the Parameters with the Rotary Wheel
• Turn the rotary wheel
to navigate within the display
screen.

The selected parameter is highlighted with a black back-
Calibration prior Measurement
We recommend the daily calibration of the XL2-TA Analyzer
with the precision calibrator. This ensures accurate measurement results.
ground.
For more details see chapter Calibration.
• Confirm with enter
.
 The parameter display flashes and/or available parameters
or settings are shown.
to set the parameter or toggle with
• Turn the rotary wheel
enter
through the settings.
• Confirm with enter .

Now the parameter is set.
21
Sound Level Meter
4. Sound Level Meter
The XL2-TA provides, together with the measurement microphone, a precise sound level meter for monitoring live sound
events and/or environmental noise.
Extended Acoustic Pack (optional)
The Extended Acoustic Pack offers the following additional features for sound-level and acoustic measurements:
The Type Approval Option upgrades the instrument to the
XL2-TA, the sound level meter dedicated to certified measurements. The XL2-TA with the M2230 microphone forms a type
approved sound level meter offering class 1 performance according IEC61672 (see chapter Options and Accessories)
• SLMeter/RTA function
-- Recording of linear wav-files (24 bit, 48 kHz)
-- Percentiles for wide band and spectrum with flexible setting from 1% to 99%
-- Sound Exposure Level LAE
-- 100ms logging
-- Event-triggered audio and data recording
-- Time weighting: Impulse (LxI, LxIeq with x= A, C, Z)
-- True peak level in 1/1 and 1/3 octave resolution
-- Clock-Impulse Maximum Level (TaktMax) and values as
specified in DIN 45645-1
• FFT function
-- High-resolution Zoom-FFT with selectable frequency
ranges and resolution up to 0.4 Hz in the range of 5 Hz to
20 kHz
• RT60 function
-- Reverberation time RT60 in 1/3 octave resolution
For example, Actual, Lmin, Lmax, Leq with frequency weighting A, C and Z and time weighting F and S can be measured
at the same time. All measurement results are simultaneously
available. You may log all acquired level information, including
real-time information, onto the removable SD Card. To complete
the documentation of the measured sound pressure levels,
the XL2-TA offers wav-file recording, as well as the facility to
add voice notes for each measurement. The XL2-TA measures
correction values between the loudest point of the live event
and the actual measurement positions in accordance with DIN
15905-5 and SLV. In parallel with the wide band parameters,
the XL2-TA measures the real-time spectrum either in 1/1 or
1/3 octave-band resolution. The RTA perfectly suits tasks such
as optimization of sound systems
22
Sound Level Meter
The sound level meter offers different pages:
Page Selection using the Page Button
• Press page
to toggle between the 123 SLMeter page
and the RTA page.
Page Selection using the Rotary Wheel
• Select the page 123 SLMeter with the rotary wheel
• Confirm with enter .
123 SLMeter: Sound Level Meter
Displays the selected broadband sound level results. You can
change the font size of the result. Depending on the font size
chosen, the XL2-TA shows 3 or 5 results simultaneously. Individual frequency weighting, time weighting, actual, minimum,
maximum and correction values can be chosen for each displayed result.
.
RTA: Real-Time Spectrum
Displays the 1/3 or 1/1 octave spectrum of the selected sound
level within the audio band. Additionally the wide band result is
shown graphically by a bar.
Reporting: Report Setting
Here you set which sound pressure levels shall be stored in a
.txt file after the completed measurement. Choose between:
ALL
Stores all sound pressure levels.
Selected
Stores up to 10 different individually-defined
sound pressure levels.
Menu with enabled options

You have selected the individual sound level meter page.
For details refer to the chapter Reporting.
23
Sound Level Meter
Logging: Setup of Data Logging
The XL2-TA features a powerful sound level meter data logger,
which allows you to record all required sound level values during the measurement. In the logging page you set which sound
pressure levels shall be logged over time. For details refer to
the chapter Logging. Choose between:
ALL
Logs all sound pressure levels.
Selected
Logs up to 10 different individually-defined sound
pressure levels.
Event Trigger: Event Setting (optional)
The event function is available with the optional Extended
Acoustic Pack. The XL2-TA event feature offers the following
functionalities:
• Automated event triggered at noise levels above/below a
preset value including setting markers for specific noise categories. Application example: Recording the noise level for
LAF > 80 dB.
• Event triggered by external key press of the XL2-TA Input
Keypad. You can utilize four keys (1-4) to categorize any noise
of interest or noise to be later excluded in the post-processing. A typical application is categorizing any annoying industrial noise by persons living in the neighborhood.
24
Limit LED: Limit Setting
Here you set the function of the limit LED , thereby highlighting any sound level that exceeds the pre-set limits in orange
or red color. Further, external peripherals are controlled by the
optional Serial I/O Interface based on the sound level, such as
displaying sound levels on a large external red-orange-green
lamp. For details refer to the chapter Limits.
KSET Correction: Setup of Correction Values
This page provides a wizard to measure correction values,
which could be helpful for compliant sound level monitoring
of live events. It measures the correction values between
the actual measurement position and the loudest position
accessible by the audience. The XL2-TA displays and logs
the selected sound pressure levels including the correction
values, allowing the sound engineer to monitor the sound
level at the loudest position in the audience. The measurement meets the requirements of the standards DIN15905-5
and SLV. For details refer to chapter Correction Value KSET.
Sound Level Meter
Set EQt, L%: Selection of measured levels
This page allows setting the following levels:
• Moving Time-average Sound Level
Gliding LAeq with selectable time window from five seconds
to one hour. Four individual levels can be configured.
• Percentile Sound Level
-- Allows the individual configuration of seven static levels
from 1% to 99% (optional with Extended Acoustic Pack).
-- The Broadband Source for the calculation of the level statistics can be chosen from a set of different levels with
either a frequency weighting A, C or Z. The time weightings F, S and the moving time-averaged sound level for one
second are supported.
25
Sound Level Meter
Overview
Numeric Result Page
The numeric result page 123 SLMeter displays the selected
broadband sound level results. You can change the font size
of the result. Depending on the font size chosen, the XL2-TA
shows three or five results simultaneously. Individual frequency weighting, time weighting, actual, minimum, maximum and
correction values can be chosen for each displayed result.
Real-Time Analyzer Page
The real-time analyzer page
RTA measures and displays
the 1/3 or 1/1 octave spectrum from 6.3 Hz to 20 kHz including
wideband results. The real-time spectrum RTA is measured in
parallel with the A and Z-weighted wideband levels.
17
8
9
10
1
11
12
2
3
13
7
6
4
26
16
15
5
14
Sound Level Meter
1
Sound Level Result 1
All sound levels are measured and logged simultaneously.
You select which sound levels should be displayed.
4
Change Parameter
• Turn the rotary wheel
to select the parameter Lxx.
• Press enter
to open the selection menu and choose
the wideband sound pressure level to be displayed.
• Turn the rotary wheel
to select the required test result
parameters and confirm with enter .
Select the lowest possible input range according to the
maximum level expected during the measurement; e.g., if
the sound pressure will always be below 110 dBSPL, then
select the lowest input range 10 - 110 dBSPL.
Change Font Size
• Turn the rotary wheel
to select the actual test result.
• Press enter
1x, 2x or 3x to set the font size to small,
medium or large.
5
The XL2-TA shows 3 sound levels on the display if a large
font is chosen, otherwise it shows 5 sound levels.
2
Sound Level Result 2 & 3
Follow the setting instructions for sound level result 1.
3
Sound Level Result 4 & 5
To display sound level results 4 & 5, choose a smaller font
for all results. Follow the setting instructions for sound level
result 1.
Input Range
The XL2-TA Analyzer provides three input ranges to accommodate the wide range of input signals. The individual ranges are based on the microphone sensitivity setting in the
calibration menu of the XL2-TA. For example at a sensitivity
S=20mV/Pa the input ranges are
• Lower range: 10 - 110 dBSPL
• Middle range: 30 - 130 dBSPL
• Upper range: 50 - 150 dBSPL
Run Indication
The run indication shows the measurement status running,
paused or stopped. Various measurement settings are
locked during ongoing measurements, such as changing
the input ranging or the preset measurement time.
27
Sound Level Meter
6
Actual Measurement Time
Counts actual measurement time in hrs:min:sec. Supports
time modes: continuous, single and (synchronized) repeat.
Timer Mode Continuous
(applicable for standard measurements)
All values are recorded and monitored continuously after starting a measurement with start
.
The actual measurement time is shown.
Timer Mode Single
Automatically stops the measurement after the
pre-set measurement time.
• Set the required measurement time.
• Start the measurement
.
 The actual measurement time counts back to zero and
the measurement ends.
• All measurement results may be recalled.
28
Timer Mode Repeat
Provides automated repeated measurements with
user-defined, preset measurement time cycles.
• Set the required measurement time.
• Press start
.
 The actual measurement time counts back to
zero. When the preset measurement time has
elapsed, the measurement time and the measurement results are reset and a new measurement is started. All measurement results
of the previous cycle are reset.
For consecutive storage of all measurement cycles, select the parameter Naming+Saving: auto
in the memory menu. Each individual cycle result
is then automatically stored to the SD Card.
Sound Level Meter
8
Timer Mode Repeat Synchronized
Provides automated repeated measurements
synchronized to the XL2-TA real-time clock.
Press start
to begin the measurement.
In order to align the selected preset measurement
time with the real-time clock, the XL2-TA shortens
the first cycle to match the real-time clock synchronization. All following measurement cycles
are synchronized to the real-time clock.
For example, the cycle time setting is 30 minutes
and the measurement starts at 7.50 a.m. -> the
first test cycle measures from 7.50 - 8.00 a.m.
Thereafter a new test cycle starts automatically
for 30 minutes. The 30-minute cycles repeat until
the measurement is stopped.
9
Phantom Power Supply
48V
The XL2-TA provides 48 V phantom power
supply to the connection microphone or sensor.
ASD
An NTi Audio measurement microphone with
automated sensor detection ASD is connected. The XL2-TA reads the electronic data
sheet of the microphone and switches the
48V phantom power automatically on
48V
Phantom power is switched off.
Result Symbols / Capture
This field offers two functions:
• Symbols for measurement results
The measurements in the synchronized repeat
timer mode start exactly on the half or full hour in
accordance with DIN 15905.
15
Upper RTA parameter displayed as line.
Lower RTA parameter displayed as bargraph.
7
Preset Measurement Time
Adjustment of preset measurement time for single and repeat timer setting.
29
Sound Level Meter
• Capture
One of the displayed RTA readings may be captured. Any
measurement data can then be compared with this captured reference live on the XL2-TA Analyzer. For example,
compare the RTA spectrum of the left and right speakers.
• Select the parameter to be captured.
• Confirm with enter , to capture the reading.
• Select the upper RTA parameter 15 and choose
Capt.
• Confirm with enter .
11
Y-Scale setting
• Select the Y-Axis with the rotary wheel
and confirm
with enter .
• Select the zoom factor between 20, 10, 5, 2.5 dB/div
and confirm with enter .
• Scroll up and down with the rotary wheel
to select the
Y-axis range.
• Confirm with enter .
12
RTA Measurement Result
Real-time analyzer results in 1/1 octave or 1/3 octave band
resolution. Adjust the resolution at 17 .
13
X-Scale setting
Toggles X-scale range between
 The lower RTA reading can be compared with the previously-captured reference data.
10
Measurement Result
Actual level result of the indicated frequency band. The cursor readout displays the center frequency and the level of
the band pointed to by the arrow.
Upper parameter displayed as line.
Lower parameter displayed as bargraph.
30
20 Hz - 20 kHz
RTA levels including wide band results
6.3 Hz - 8 kHz
RTA levels including wide band results
6.3 Hz - 20 kHz
RTA levels
• Select the X-Axis with the rotary wheel
and confirm
with enter .
• Toggle with the rotary wheel
between the ranges.
• Confirm with enter .
Sound Level Meter
14
The cursor read out may be set manually to any
frequency band or wide band level. The read out remains at the selected frequency.
• Select the frequency with the rotary wheel .
• Press enter .
• Select the frequency of interest.
• Confirm with enter .
Broadband Results
Actual sound level with time weighting F (=Fast).
A A-weighted broadband sound pressure level
Z
15
Broadband sound pressure level without any frequency weighting
 The
cursor readout 11 displays the measurement results of the selected frequency band.
Readout Frequency
You may select any frequency to read out individual levels.
The selected frequency is indicated by the cursor arrow.
16
Choose between the following settings:
The cursor follows automatically the highest level,
e.g. tracing feedback frequencies at live sound.
• Select the frequency with the rotary wheel .
• Press enter .
• You may readout any individual frequency.
• Return to auto frequency with enter .
Setting of Test Result Resolution
Set the RTA result display to 1/1 octave or 1/3 octave band
resolution as follows:
• Turn the rotary wheel
to select the parameter 17 .
• Press enter
to toggle between 1/1 OCT and 1/3 OCT.
to set this parameter.
 The cursor returns to the frequency with highest level bar.
31
Sound Level Meter
17
32
Measurement Unit
Select the measurement unit as follows:
dB
Sound level in dBSPL
This measurement unit is permanently selected
upon connecting a NTi Audio measurement microphone with electronic data sheet.
dBu
Input level in dBu
dBV
Input level in dBV
V
Input level in Volt
LOW - Indication
The low indicator for an individual level < is displayed when:
• The measured sound pressure level is below the selected
linear measurement range. In this case the results shown
are most likely higher than the actual sound pressure level ->
choose the next lower measurement range.
• The measured sound pressure level is just above the residual noise of the connected NTi Audio measurement microphone, which reduces the measurement accuracy -> choose
another microphone dedicated for low level measurements.
Sound Level Meter
Overload Indication
In case the measurement result exceeds the preset measurement range, then limit arrows
indicate this overload condition. The arrows
are displayed for minimum 1 seconds and
as long as the overload exists. Furthermore the once exceeded
measurement range triggers the OVR indication in the bottom
line, which remains displayed for the complete measurement
period. These exceeded range indications are reset at starting
a new measurement.
Possible causes for exceeding measurement ranges are
• The measured sound pressure level exceeds the pre-set
measurement range during the measurement period. Once
this happens, the OVR indication remains displayed for the
complete measurement period -> select the next higher
measurement range or reduce the input signal level as applicable.
• The input level is near the maximum level of the connected
NTi Audio measurement microphone.
33
Sound Level Meter
Sound Level Meter - Getting Started
Test Preparations
The XL2-TA reads the electronic data sheet of any connected
ASD microphones provided by NTi Audio and switches the 48V
phantom power automatically on as follows:
• Connect the measurement microphone to the XL2-TA.
• Switch on the XL2-TA .
Select Displayed Test Result
This example describes the setting of the commonly-used actual sound pressure level LAF (frequency weighting A, time
weighting F).
• Select the first parameter setting with the rotary wheel
• Confirm with enter .
.
 The 48V phantom power indication in the upper menu bar
changes to ASD. The XL2-TA is ready for acoustic measurements.
• Position the XL2-TA at the measurement location using a microphone stand or a tripod.
• Select the SLMeter function in the measurement menu and
toggle with page
to the numeric result page
.
All wideband and RTA levels are measured and
logged simultaneously. You select which sound
levels should be displayed.
Press start
to measure and display the
sound levels results indicated with ----.
34
Sound Level Meter
Select Frequency Weighting
Select Time Weighting

The pop-up window FREQ WEIGHTING shows up.

The pop-up window extends with TIME WEIGHTING.
• Select the frequency weighting A.
• Select the required time weighting; e.g.,
(=Fast).
Pop-up windows shown at installed
Extended Acoustic Option
• Confirm with enter
.
• Confirm with enter
.
35
Sound Level Meter
Select Parameter
Select Correction Value

The pop-up window extends with PARAMETER settings.

The pop-up window extends with CORRECTION settings.
• Select the parameter live.
• Select the parameter off.
• Confirm with enter
• Confirm with enter
.
.

The pop-up window closes and the measured sound pressure level LAF is displayed.
36
Sound Level Meter
Select further Sound Levels
Select Input Range
• Select the lowest possible input range according to the maximum level expected during the measurement. Wrong input
ranges are indicated by a < in front of the measurement value or a flashing OVR message in the lower menu bar.
• Select the input range RNGE and press enter .
• Turn the rotary wheel to set the applicable input range and
confirm with enter .
The numeric result page and the real-time analyzer page use the same input range.
• Select further sound pressure levels as described above;
e.g., LAeq and LAFmax.
37
Sound Level Meter
Start Measurement
• The XL2-TA is ready to measure the sound levels LAF, LAeq
and LAFmax.
• Press start
.

The run indication switches to running
. The integrated
sound pressure level over time LAeq and the maximum level in the measurement period LAFmax are displayed. The
parameter RUN, LOG (logging is enabled) or AUD (audio
recording is configured) flashes in the memory menu.
38
Stop the Measurement
• Press stop
to stop the measurement .
Sound Level Meter
Save the Measurement Result
• Select the memory menu
with the rotary wheel
confirm with enter .
and

The memory menu opens. Save Test is preselected.
The XL2-TA stores the numeric sound pressure
levels and the real-time analyzer results simultaneously.
 The sound pressure level measurement is completed.
Data Post-Processing
A Microsoft Excel form generating an automated report and chart is available as free download for all registered XL2-TA customers on the support website at
http://my.nti-audio.com. (Enable all macros when opening the
document.)
• Press enter
to store the test results or select Save
Screenshot to store the screenshot.
39
Sound Level Meter
RTA Measurement - Getting Started
Test Preparations
The XL2-TA reads the electronic data sheet of any connected
ASD microphones provided by NTi Audio and switches the 48V
phantom power automatically on as follows:
• Connect the measurement microphone to the XL2-TA.
• Switch on the XL2-TA .
RTA Configuration
The XL2-TA displays two different sound pressure levels at the
same time. You configure which test results to display; e.g.,
LZFmax and LZFlive.
• Ensure no other measurement is going on. The run indication
should display the stop symbol
.
• Select the LZF value with the rotary wheel
 The 48V phantom power indication in the upper menu bar
changes to ASD. The XL2-TA is ready for acoustic measurements.
• Position the XL2-TA at the measurement location using a microphone stand or tripod.
• Select the SLMeter function in the measurement menu and
toggle with page
to the real-time analyzer (RTA) page
.
All wideband and RTA levels are measured and
logged simultaneously. You select the sound
levels to be displayed.
• Confirm with enter
40
.
.
Sound Level Meter
Select RTA Frequency Weighting
Select RTA Time Weighting

The pop-up window FREQ WEIGHTING shows up.

The pop-up window extends with TIME WEIGHTING.
• Select the frequency weighting Z.
• Select the required time weighting; e.g.,
• Confirm with enter
(=Fast).
.
Press start
to measure and display the
sound levels results indicated with ----.
• Confirm with enter
.
41
Sound Level Meter
Select Upper/Lower RTA Parameter
• Select the parameter shown to the right of the upper LZF
value with the rotary wheel ; e.g. max.
• Press enter .

The pop-up window PARAMETER shows up.
• Select the parameter max.
Select Input Range
• Select the lowest possible input range according to the maximum level expected during the measurement. Wrong input
ranges are indicated by a < in front of the measurement value or a flashing OVR message in the lower menu bar.
• Select the input range RNGE and press enter .
• Turn the rotary wheel to set the applicable input range and
confirm with enter .
The numeric result page and the real-time analyzer page use the same input range.
• Confirm with enter .
• Follow the same instruction and select the lower RTA parameter live.
42
Sound Level Meter
Start RTA Measurement
• The XL2-TA is ready to display the measured sound pressure
levels LZFmax and LZFlive.
• Press start
.
Stop the RTA Measurement
• Press stop
.

The run indication switches to running
. The actual sound
level LZFlive and the maximum level LAFmax are displayed.
The parameter RUN , LOG (logging is enabled) or AUD (audio recording is configured) flashes in the memory menu.
The XL2-TA stores the numeric sound pressure
levels and the real-time analyzer results simultaneously.
43
Sound Level Meter
Save the RTA Measurement Result
• Select the memory menu
with the rotary wheel
confirm with enter .
and

The memory menu opens.
• Press enter
to store the test results or select Save
Screenshot to store the screenshot.
 The RTA measurement is completed.
44
Sound Level Meter
Reporting
Leq, Lmax, The RTA Leq, Lmin, Lmax levels are stored
Lmin
in the report.
A report saves the conducted measurements onto the installed
SD Card. The XL2-TA Supports setting the individual levels to
be stored in the report after the measurement is completed.
All
2
Report Values
Choose between the following result reporting:
ALL
Records all available sound pressure levels
without correction values.
Selected
Records a subset of up to 10 different levels,
including correction values if you require.
1
2
3
• Select Report Values with the rotary wheel .
• Press enter
to toggle between All or Selected.
3
1
All RTA levels are stored in the report.
Add Spectra
Selected Report Values
• By setting Selected at 2 up to 10 individual report values can be chosen. Select the first value Lxx with the
rotary wheel
and press enter .

The pop-up window for level selection shows up.
No
No RTA measurement reporting.
Leq
The RTA Leq level is stored in the report.
• Select the reporting level with the rotary wheel
confirm with enter .
and
45
Sound Level Meter
Logging
1
The XL2-TA features a powerful sound level meter data logger, which allows you to record all required sound level values
during the selected period of time. All results are logged onto
the SD Card. The measurement results can be loaded to a PC
for documentation and visualization. The LOG menu offers the
detailed setup of the log report.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
46
Logging
Select Logging with the rotary wheel
and press enter
to enable the automated logging of test results.
On
The XL2-TA logs measurement data every interval dt 2 .
Off
No Logging
2
Interval Dt
Adjust the logging interval. The optional Extended Acoustic
Pack offers the additional 100 ms logging.
3
Add Spectra
Select Yes to log additionally the RTA spectrum at each logging interval.
Sound Level Meter
4
Log Audio
The XL2-TA logs audio data as a wav-file. Choose among
the following settings:
Off
Audio logging is off
On
Audio logging is activate from measurement start to stop.
Events Only
Audio logging of triggered events
only.
For more details read the chapters Wav-File Recording and
Events.
5
Format
Choose among the following audio recording settings:
Compressed
Compressed audio logging
Compressed+AGC
Compressed audio logging with
automated gain control
24Bit_48kHz
Linear audio logging in 24 bit,
48 kHz resolution (optional with
Extended Acoustic Pack)
6
Log Value Setting
Choose between the following settings:
ALL
Logs all available sound pressure levels without correction values.
Selected
Logs a subset of up to 10 different sound
pressure levels, including correction values if
you require.
• Select Log Values with the rotary wheel .
• Press enter
to toggle between All and Selected.
7
Selected Log Values
By setting Selected at 5 up to 10 individual log values can
be chosen.
• Select the first value Lxx with the rotary wheel
and
press enter .

The pop-up window for level selection shows up.
• Select the logging level with the rotary wheel
firm with enter .
and con-
At 100ms Logging is the log value selection limited to five
different parameters.
47
Sound Level Meter
Wav-File Recording
The XL2-TA records a wav-file of the measured input signal and
stores it on the SD Card. The available formats are:
• Compressed (default, using ADPCM compression). A new
wav-file is started automatically after 12 hours of recording
(typical maximum wav-file size = 512 MByte)
• Compressed+AGC, compressed with automated gain control. The gain control increases the level of low-level signals,
so that the wav-file is well-leveled during playback on the
PC.
• 24Bit_48kHz, linear wav-file logging in 24 bit, 48kHz resolution with the optional Extended Acoustic Pack. A new wavfile is started automatically after 1 hour of recording (typical
maximum wav-file size = 512 MByte)
Broadcast Wave Format BWF
The XL2-TA stores date and time of the recording within the wav-file (according to EBU TECH
3285). This information is available through
professional audio/video tools typically used in
broadcast.
48
Sample name of wav-file:
MyTest_SLM_000_Audio_FS133.0dB(PK)_00.wav
1
2
3
4
5
1
MyTest
File name defined by user.
2
SLM
Measurement function.
3
000
Automatically incrementing file number.
4
Audio_FS133.0dB(PK)
Audio file with full scale peak level. In case of a Compressed + AGC recording, the file name reads “AGC”; this
file contains corrected level information only.
5
00
For wav-file recording over longer periods, the XL2-TA splits
the audio data into individual wav-files with about 500 MB
(compressed audio: 12 hours; linear: 1 hour), keeping the
file size small for easier handling on the PC. The number
5 increments for each successive wav-file.
Sound Level Meter
The advantage of wav-file recordings is to identify and document sound sources after the measurement. For example, at
a live event an excessive peak level may have been measured
and logged. Actually, this peak level was caused by people
shouting nearby the measurement microphone, and not by the
audio system being monitored. The recorded wav-file assists in
verifying this and the test results can then be post-processed.
Pausing Measurement
If any ongoing measurement is paused
,
the XL2-TA continues the recording of wav-files
during the paused period. The logged data and
audio data can be synchronized using the stored
real-time information.
Events
The wav-files are stored in a folder, named, for
example,
2011-11-30_SLM_000_AudioEvent_0001-0200.
The actual wav-files are named for example, as
xxxx_FS133.0dB(PK).wav (xxxx = incrementing
number)
Another example is environmental noise monitoring: Listening
to the recorded wav-file after the measurement may help to
determine the predominant sound source. The XL2-TA Analyzer preserves the original absolute test signal level in the recorded wav-file.
The XL2-TA Analyzer provides three input ranges to accommodate the wide range of input signals. The dynamic range
of the recorded wav-file is set according to the selected input range. For example, at a microphone sensitivity of
S= 20 mV/Pa, the full scale peak level is:
Range Name
Range Level
Full scale peak level
Lower range
10 - 110 dBSPL
117.8 dBSPL
Middle range
30 - 130 dBSPL
135.9 dBSPL
Upper range
50 - 150 dBSPL
159.9 dBSPL
Select the lowest possible input range according to the maximum level expected during the
measurement; e.g., If the sound pressure will
always be below 110 dBSPL, select the lowest
input range 10 - 110 dBSPL.
49
Sound Level Meter
Events (optional)
The event function is available with the XL2-TA Extended
Acoustic Pack Option. The XL2-TA Analyzer may be configured
to record wav-files and additional noise levels only when triggered, instead of the complete measurement duration.
Advantages
Reduces the data volume acquired, thereby
• Simplifying data post-processing of the complete measurement period
• Saving data memory for long-term measurement applications.
Events
Events are triggered either automatically by sound levels above/
below a preset value or manually by external key press using
the XL2-TA Input Keypad.
Event Functions
The XL2-TA event feature offers the following functionalities:
• Automated event triggered at noise levels above/below a
preset value including setting markers for specific noise categories. Application example: Recording the noise level for
LAF > 80 dB.
• Event triggered by external key press of the XL2-TA Input
Keypad. You can utilize four keys (1-4) to categorize any noise
of interest or noise to be later excluded in the post-processing. A typical application is categorizing any annoying industrial noise by persons living in the neighborhood.
Data Logging
The XL2-TA Analyzer logs the data specified
in the LOG setting for the complete measurement duration into a log file. The markers and
triggered events results are added to the same
log file.
The XL2-TA Input Keypad is available as an accessory. Please see chapter Options and Accessories for details.
50
Sound Level Meter
Trigger Events: on level above/below
14
90
Event Duration
Level [dB]
100
1
2 80
13
3
12
4
14
3 70
60
2
5
13
12
6
7
8
Time [seconds]
9
10
11
Features:
• The levels LAeq, LZeq and LCPeak are recorded for the event
duration.
• Audio data are recorded for the triggered event duration only,
thus simplifying data post-processing and saving memory
space for long-term measurements.
• Setting markers by external key press of the XL2-TA Input
Keypad.
51
Sound Level Meter
Trigger Events: on external key press
90
Event Duration
Level [dB]
100
Event Duration
15
80
15
key press
60
key press
70
15
Time [seconds]
Features:
• The levels LAeq, LZeq and LCPeak are recorded for the event
duration.
• Audio data may be recorded for the user-defined event duration 15 after the key press.
• Retrigger with every repeated key press within the event
duration.
52
Sound Level Meter
1
2
Trigger Events
Choose from the following settings:
Off
No event triggering
on level
above
Events are triggered at noise levels above the
preset value 2 for the start duration 13 .
on level
below
Events are triggered at noise levels below the
preset value 2 for the start duration 13 .
on ext.
key
press
Events are triggered by external key press.
3
on level
above
Stop level = Start level
2
- Hysteresis
on level
below
Stop level = Start level
2
+ Hysteresis
14
14
Stop Duration 12
The event stop is triggered when the noise level is lower (or
higher) than the preset value and continues for the preset
duration.
Hysteresis 14
Set the hysteresis to an appropriate value to prevent rapid
switching on and off as the level drifts around the Start
level.
Start [dB]
Set the level at which the triggered event is started.
Start Duration 13
The event start is triggered when the noise level is higher
(or lower ) than the preset value and continues for the preset duration.
Stop [dB]
Set the level at which the triggered event is stopped.
4
Level Selection
Define the level type to be monitored.
53
Sound Level Meter
5
Log Audio
The XL2-TA logs audio data as a wav-file. Choose from the
following settings:
Off
Audio logging is off
On
Audio logging is activated from
measurement start to stop.
Events Only
7
Audio logging of triggered events
only.
8
For more details read the chapter Wav-File Recording.
6
Format
Choose from the following audio recording formats:
Compressed
Compressed audio logging
Compressed+AGC
Compressed audio logging with
Automated Gain Control (AGC)
24Bit_48kHz
Linear audio logging in 24 bit,
48 kHz resolution. (Required for
post-processing on the PC with
Extended Acoustic Pack)
9
10
54
Audio Logging Period
If Log Audio 5 is set to Events Only, then the duration
for the audio recording may be further specified:
Recording
whole event
Records a wav-file for the whole triggered event duration.
Stop recording
after
Records a wav-file for the specified
period after the event start is triggered.
Status Information
Displays current trigger status:
• Waiting for trigger
• Armed (during start duration
• Audio + data recording
• Completing log cycle
13 )
Actual Level
Measurement result of the defined level
4
.
Event Counter
Counts the number of triggered events that have occurred
during the ongoing measurement.
Sound Level Meter
11
Trigger and Marker Monitor
Answers the question: What caused the triggered event?
Lvl
Event automatically triggered by level.
1
Event triggered or marker added by pressing key 1
of the XL2-TA Input Keypad.
2
Event triggered or marker added by pressing key 2
of the XL2-TA Input Keypad.
3
Event triggered or marker added by pressing key 3
of the XL2-TA Input Keypad.
4
Event triggered or marker added by pressing key 4
of the XL2-TA Input Keypad.
12
Stop Duration
See 3 .
13
Start Duration
See 2 .
14
Hysteresis
See 3 .
15
Event Duration at Key press
Preset the Min. Event Duration when a key is pressed. If
a key is pressed and held for longer than the preset Min.
Event Duration, then the triggered event lasts for as long
as the key is held.
55
Sound Level Meter
How to Setup the XL2-TA for Triggered Event Measurements
• Select the logging page, set Logging On, Interval dt:
00:00:01 and choose the required log values.
• Setup the event page. For example, the screenshot below
starts the event recording after LAF exceeds 80 dB for 2 seconds and stops after LAF is lower than 70 dB for 3 seconds.
 The XL2-TA is ready for the triggered event measurement.
Logging Enabled
Triggered-event recording requires the activation of sound level logging. Using the default
Interval dt: 1 second is recommended.
Auto Save
If Log Audio 5 is set to Events Only, then
the XL2-TA sets per default Naming+Saving:
auto in the memory menu. This ensures that
the recorded triggered event data is stored on
the SD Card.
For convenience, in case more than 20 triggered
events have been recorded, the Autosave ->
Delete function is disabled, as deleting such
multiple wav-files on the XL2-TA takes a long
time.
Wav-files
All triggered-event wav-files are stored in an individual folder. For details see chapter Logging.
• Select the memory menu and create a new folder. This folder will then be displayed in the memory menu. All log data
and event wav-files are stored in this folder.
56
Sound Level Meter
Limits
1
The limit page offers two functions:
• Setup of limit LED
function; enabling the XL2-TA to highlight any sound levels that exceed the pre-set limit in orange
or red color. The default color is green.
• Limit parameter setup for external Digital I/O Adapter, which
connects to the digital I/O interface. The Digital I/O Adapter
is an optional accessory for the XL2-TA analyzer. It serves the
control of any external peripherals, such as displaying sound
levels that exceed limits on a big external red-orange-green
lamp.
LED - Level 1
Select one sound level for the limit LED indication .
• Select the sound level field with the rotary wheel .
• Press enter
and select the sound level for the limit
LED indication.
3
Selected Level Values
To set the level values for the limit LED ,
• Select the Red or Orange sound level with the rotary
wheel
and press enter .
• Set the level value with the rotary wheel
and confirm
with enter .
4
I/O Box On/Off
Select I/O Box with the rotary wheel
to enable/disable the limit function.
8
3
4
5
and press enter
2
1
2
Limit LED On/Off
Select Limit LED with the rotary wheel
to enable/disable the limit function.
and press enter
7
6
57
Sound Level Meter
5
I/O - Level 1
Setup the level for the control of e.g. the external Digital
I/O Adapter Box.
• Select the level field with the rotary wheel .
• Press enter
and select the level for the control of the
external Digital I/O Adapter Box..
6
Selected Sound Level Values
To set the level values for the control of the external Digital
I/O Box.
• Select the Out 1, Out 2, Out 3 or Out 4 level with the rotary wheel
and press enter .
• Set the level value with the rotary wheel
and confirm
with enter .
7
I/O - Level 2
Follow the setting for I/O Sound Level 1. The I/O level 1 may
be combined with I/O level 2 using and/or combinations,
providing indications in level ranges. Alternatively, other levels can be selected for the control of the external Digital I/O
Adapter Box.
8
LED - Level 2
Follow the setting for LED - Level 1.
58
I/O Box Limits with Triggered Events
If triggered-event recording is enabled, the digital output 4 (OUT4) is utilized as confirmation
feedback to the XL2-TA Input Keypad, thus the
setting is disabled.
Sound Level Meter
Correction Value KSET
The correction value page offers a measurement wizard for live
event monitoring, applicable in case the measurement location
differs from the loudest position in the live event area.
Measurement Position
The goal at live event monitoring is to measure the sound level
at the loudest position accessible by the audience. Setting up
any sound level measurement at this loudest location is typically not practical, thus an alternative measurement position is
chosen. The recommended measurement position in order to
minimize the influence that audience noise has on the measurement:
• Mount the measurement microphone in front of the main
speakers
• Position the XL2-TA Analyzer at front of house (FOH)
• Connect the XL2-TA Analyzer and measurement microphone
using a professional audio cable
Positioning the measurement microphone at
front of house (FOH) may result in audience
noise interfering with the measurement results.
The audience noise will be further amplified by
the measured k-values.
Level Difference
Prior to the start of the live event, the level difference between
the loudest and the measurement position is measured. The
XL2-TA Analyzer calculates the level difference automatically
based on the individual sound level measurements at both locations. This level difference is included in the sound level reading during the live event, and the XL2-TA thereby displays and
records the sound pressure level of the loudest point.
Measurement
Position
(Microphone)
Level difference
audience area
Loudest
Audience
Position
XL2-TA positioned at FOH
59
Sound Level Meter
How to Measure the Correction Value
• Play a pink noise signal at the typical sound pressure level of
the live event. (signal source Minirator, NTi Audio Test CD)
• Select the correction page
.
• Search the audience area for the location with the highest
sound pressure level and position the XL2-TA Analyzer.
• Turn the rotary wheel
to select the parameter RUN next
to Audience and press enter .

The XL2-TA measures the sound level at the loudest position for 5 seconds. The timer counts down to zero.
60
• Wait until the measurement is completed.
• Position the XL2-TA at the measurement position.
• Turn the rotary wheel
to select the parameter RUN next
to Measure and press enter .

The XL2-TA measures the sound level at the measurement
position for 5 seconds. The timer counts down to zero.
Sound Level Meter
• Wait until the measurement is completed.
• The correction values k1 and k2 are calculated and displayed
including date and time (in accordance with DIN15905).
Manual Setting of Correction Values
You may fine-tune the correction values k1 and k2 manually.
Such fine-tuning adds the remark “Manually Adjusted” in the
log file.
3
1
• Turn the rotary wheel
and press enter .
2
to select the correction value
3

The selected correction value starts flashing.
61
Sound Level Meter
• Set the correction value with the rotary wheel

The note “Manually Adjusted” is displayed at
.
2
• To undo the manual setting turn the rotary wheel
the parameter UNDO at 2 .
• Confirm with enter .
.
to select
Reset Correction Values
You may clear all correction values back to zero
by pressing the Clear All 1 and confirm with
enter .
Display k1 and k2 during Measurement
The correction values k1 and k2 can be displayed in the numeric result page during the ongoing sound level measurement instead of any
other sound levels.
Wav-file Recording
A simultaneously-recorded wav-file supports
post-event reviewing of the cause of excessive
sound levels.
62
Sound Level Meter
63
FFT Analysis + Tolerance
5. Acoustic Analyzer
FFT Analysis + Tolerance
Besides the comprehensive sound level meter function, the
XL2-TA Audio and Acoustic Analyzer offers the following acoustic measurement functions:
The FFT measurement is the ideal tool for visualization of
comb filters and narrow band effects. It allows a detailed frequency response investigation of audio and acoustic systems.
The XL2-TA includes an extremely fast, real-time FFT. Optional
features are
• High-resolution Zoom-FFT up to 0.4 Hz steps in the frequency range 5 Hz - 20 kHz provided with optional Extended
Acoustic Pack or the Spectral Limits Option
• Capture and tolerance function provided with Spectral Limits
Option; thus the main menu function reads FFT + Tol.
• FFT Analysis with optional tolerance function
• Reverberation Time RT60
• Polarity
• Delay time
• 1/12 Octave + Tolerance Analysis (optional)
• Noise Curves (optional)
• Speech intelligibility STIPA (optional)
64
FFT Analysis + Tolerance
1
14
13
12
Result Symbols / Capture & Start Tolerance Mode
This field offers two functions:
• Symbols for measurement results 2
Upper result displayed as line.
Lower result displayed as bargraph.
11
1
10
2
• Capture & Start Tolerance Mode
The displayed readings may be captured as reference
reading C1 to C8 for
• Comparing measurement results against captured
traces with relative or absolute curve display.
• Creating tolerance masks based on captured reference curves for passed / failed measurements.
3
4
9
8
5
6
7
Capture EQ
Captures the upper parameter
Capture Live
Captures the lower parameter
65
FFT Analysis + Tolerance
Manage
captures
Allows to rename captures, clear recorded captures, save captures to
SD-Card for export from the XL2-TA or
load captures from SD-Card for import
to the XL2-TA.
Start tolerance Starts the tolerance mode for passed/
mode
failed measurements comparing the
actual measurement results against a
tolerance band.
2
Measurement Result
Actual level result of the indicated frequency band. The cursor readout displays the center frequency and the level of
the band indicated by the arrow.
Upper parameter displayed as line.
Lower parameter displayed as bargraph.
3
Y-Scale setting
• Select the Y-Axis with the rotary wheel
and confirm
with enter .
• Select the zoom factor between 20, 10, 5, 2.5 dB/div
and confirm with enter .
• Scroll up and down with the rotary wheel
to select the
Y-axis range.
• Confirm with enter .
4
Measurement Result
Displays the actual and averaged measurement results.
5
Input Range
The XL2-TA Analyzer provides three input ranges to accommodate the wide range of input signals. The individual ranges are based on the microphone sensitivity setting in the
calibration menu of the XL2-TA. For example at a sensitivity
S=20mV/Pa the input ranges are
• Lower range: 10 - 110 dBSPL
• Middle range: 30 - 130 dBSPL
• Upper range: 50 - 150 dBSPL
Select the lowest possible input range according to the
maximum level expected during the measurement; e.g., if
the sound pressure will be always below 110 dBSPL, then
select the lowest input range 10 - 110 dBSPL.
66
FFT Analysis + Tolerance
6
7
Time Weighting
Offers selectable time weighting of 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0 second as well FAST (125 ms) and SLOW (1 second). Applications:
Short Time
Weighting
High resolution in time with minimum
averaging
Long Time
Weighting
Low resolution in time with longer averaging
Run Indication
The run indication shows the measurement status running,
paused or stopped. Various measurement settings are
locked during ongoing measurements, such as changing
the input ranging or the preset measurement time.
For passed/failed measurements with the Spectral Limits
option the run indication may display A for a preset automated level trigger.
8
Actual Measurement Time
Counts actual measurement time in hrs:min:sec. Supports
setting of time modes: continuous and single.
Timer Mode Continuous
(applicable for standard measurements)
All values are recorded and monitored continuously after starting a measurement with start
.
The actual measurement time is shown.
Timer Mode Single
Automatically stops the measurement after the
pre-set measurement time.
• Set the required measurement time.
• Start the measurement
.
9
Preset Measurement Time
Adjustment of preset measurement time for single timer
setting.
67
FFT Analysis + Tolerance
10
Readout Frequency
You may select any frequency to read out individual levels.
The selected frequency is indicated by the cursor arrow.
Choose between the following settings:
11
• Select the readout frequency 10 and press enter .
• The zoom mode is displayed above the flashing arrow.
• Select the zoom-in frequency with the rotary wheel .
• Press limit
and zoom the linear frequency scale in or
out with the rotary wheel .
• Release limit
and scroll the linear frequency scale left
or right with the rotary wheel .
The cursor follows automatically the highest level,
e.g. tracing feedback frequencies at live sound.
• Select the frequency with the rotary wheel .
• Press enter .
• You may readout any individual frequency.
• Return to auto frequency with enter .
 The cursor returns to the frequency with high-
Zoom Mode
(optional, applicable with the Extended Acoustic Pack or
the Spectral Limits Option)
12
Phantom Power Supply
est level bar.
The cursor read out may be set manually to any frequency. The read out remains at the selected frequency.
• Select the frequency with the rotary wheel .
• Press enter .
• Select the frequency of interest.
• Confirm with enter .
48V
The XL2-TA provides 48 V phantom power
supply to the connection microphone or sensor.
ASD
An NTi Audio measurement microphone with
automated sensor detection ASD is connected. The XL2-TA reads the electronic data
sheet of the microphone and switches the
48V phantom power automatically on
48V
Phantom power is switched off.
 The
cursor readout 2 displays the measurement results of the selected frequency band.
68
FFT Analysis + Tolerance
13
Measurement Unit
Select the measurement unit as follows:
dB
Sound level in dBSPL
This measurement unit is permanently selected
upon connecting a NTi Audio measurement microphone with electronic data sheet.
dBu
Input level in dBu
dBV
Input level in dBV
V
Input level in Volt
14
Page Selector X-Scale and Parameter Setting
20k
Shows FFT result of the frequency range.
484.38 Hz - 20.594 kHz in a resolution of 141.62
Hz with 142 bins shown on the display.
1k7
Shows FFT result of the frequency range.
58 Hz - 1.722 kHz in a resolution of 11.72 Hz with
142 bins shown on the display.
200
Shows FFT result of the frequency range.
7 Hz - 215.01 Hz in a resolution of 1.47 Hz with 142
bins shown on the display.
Usr
User Range
(applicable with optional Extended Acoustic Pack
or Spectral Limits Option)
5 Hz - 20 kHz in zoom mode with a minimum resolution of 0.366 Hz and 142 bins displayed.
Set
Selection for FFT Windowing:
• Hann: Default for acoustic measurements
• Dolph-Chebyshev: for analyzing small signals
(e.g. harmonics) close to a dominant signal.
The page button
switches these display modes.
69
FFT Analysis + Tolerance
FFT Analysis - Getting Started
Test Preparations
• Connect the measurement microphone to the XL2-TA.
• Switch on the XL2-TA .
 The 48V phantom power indication in the upper menu bar
Configuration
The XL2-TA displays two different sound pressure levels at
the same time. You configure to display either the levels Live,
Max, Min, EQ or captured results.
• Select the upper result parameter with the rotary wheel
changes to ASD. The XL2-TA is ready for acoustic measurements.
• Position the XL2-TA at the measurement location using a microphone stand or tripod.
• Confirm with enter
70
.
.
FFT Analysis + Tolerance
Select Upper/Lower Reading

The pop-up window Select reading shows up.

The pop-up window Select reading mode shows up.
• Select the integrated averaged reading EQ. All available selections are Z-weighted (= no weighting).
• Select EQ for normal absolute display of measurements.
• Follow the same instruction and select the lower FFT reading Live.
• Confirm with enter
.
Press start
to measure and display the
sound levels results indicated with ----.
71
FFT Analysis + Tolerance
Select Input Range
• Select the lowest possible input range according to the maximum level expected during the measurement.
• Select the input range RNGE and press enter .
• Turn the rotary wheel to set the applicable input range and
confirm with enter .
Start and Stop the Measurement
• The XL2-TA measures the selected sound pressure levels Live and EQ. All available sound levels are
Z-weighted (= no weighting).
• Press start
.

The run indication switches to running
. The actual sound
level Live and the averaged level EQ are displayed. The parameter RUN flashes in the memory menu.
• Press the stop button
72
to stop the measurement.
FFT Analysis + Tolerance
Save the FFT Measurement Result
• Select the memory menu
with the rotary wheel
confirm with enter .
and

The memory menu opens.
Capture References and Create Tolerances
The Spectral Limits Option extends the function range of the
XL2-TA with trace capturing, relative curve display and comprehensive tolerance handling for the FFT Analysis and the high
resolution 1/12 Oct + Tol spectral analysis.
Features:
• Captures multiple traces in the internal memory
• Comparing measurement results against captured traces
with relative or absolute curve display
• Comprehensive tolerance handling
• Creating tolerance masks based on captured reference
curves for passed / failed measurements
• Export and import of tolerance and capture files
• True peak level in 1/1 and 1/3 octave resolution
• High-resolution Zoom-FFT up to 0.4 Hz steps in the frequency range 5 Hz - 20 kHz
Read the detailed description in the separate chapter
Capture + Tolerance.
• Press enter
to store the test results or select Save
Screenshot to store the screenshot.
 The FFT measurement is completed.
73
Reverberation Time RT60
Reverberation Time RT60
The XL2-TA measures the energy decay from 63 Hz to
8 kHz using the Schroeder method in 1/1 octave resolution.
The optional Extended Acoustic Pack enables 1/3 octave band
resolution from 50 Hz to 10 kHz. Use either an impulse source
(e.g., a starter pistol) or a gated pink noise as the test signal.
What is Reverberation Time RT60?
Reverberation time RT60 is the time required for the sound
pressure level to decrease by 60 dB after the sound stimulus
signal is stopped. Since ambient noise often defeats the measurement of a 60 dB level decrease in practice, it is difficult or
even impossible to measure a 60 dB decay in many real life
rooms. Thus the applicable standard ISO3382 specifies
• The measurement of a 20 dB level decrease multiplied by 3.
• The final 60 dB decay result shall be labeled T20.
RT60 (T20) = 3 x decay time of 20 dB
In detail the reverberation time RT60 is based on a linear leastsquares regression of the measured decay curve from -5 dB
down to -25 dB according. It is sufficient to create a test level
at least 35 dB above the background noise within each frequency band. Please see the next drawing for details.
74
If the overall RT60 is short (e.g. < 0.3 seconds) the room
acoustic is referred to as being “dead”; for example, a heavily
furnished room with thick carpets, curtains and upholstered
furniture may have such an acoustic character.
If the overall RT60 is long (say more than 2 seconds) the room
acoustic is referred to as being “live” and echoic; for example,
a large empty room with painted plaster walls and a tiled floor
may have such an acoustic character.
Level [dB]
0 dB
-5 dB
distance to
noise floor
20 dB level range to
obtain the reverberation time
-25 dB
-35 dB
Time
Reverberation Time RT60
RT60 Run Test Page
RT60 Result Page
11
10
17
9
1
8
16
12
13
7
14
6
15
5
2
4
3
75
Reverberation Time RT60
1
RT60 Cycle Result Page
Set Level Markers
Prior to conducting a reverberation time measurement, the
environmental noise is measured, and the required energy
level of the test signal is determined.
• Select SET and press enter
vironmental noise.
21
20
to measure the actual en-
 The required level markers appear in grey color.
2
Input Range
Select between the lower, mid and upper input range. The
exact ranges depend on the microphone sensitivity setting
in the calibration menu of the XL2-TA.
3
Run Indication
This icon displays the running and stop status of the reverberation time measurement. It is controlled by start/stop
.
18
19
76
Reverberation Time RT60
4
Measurement Status STAT
Displays the actual measurement status. Start and stop the
reverberation time measurement with start/stop
. The
following status information is displayed:
ARMED
5
Measurement is waiting for the test signal
to exceed at least one measurement trigger
marker, then the measurement is triggered
automatically.
NOISE
A sound stimulus signal above the trigger
marker is being received.
DECAY
Decay is being measured.
PAUSE
The measurement has been paused by pressing pause
.
STOP
No RT60 measurement is presently being performed.
Average AVRG
Counts the measurement cycles. When using a gated
noise test signal, a minimum of 3 sequential cycles is recommended.
6
Actual Real-Time Spectrum
The black bars indicate the actual signal, including background noise. While setting up the reverberation time measurement you should increase the test signal level until the
black bars exceed the grey bars completely and the status
4 displays NOISE.
7
Level Marker
The grey bars indicate the signal level required for effective
reverberation time measurements in each octave band.
The marker has a length of 35 dB, and can be set by
• Selecting SET 1 with the rotary wheel .
• Press enter
to measure the environmental noise in
the silent room.
8
Band Status
Indicates a successful reverberation time measurement
above each octave band with a tick .
9
Measurement Resolution
Reverberation time measurement selectable in 1/3 octave or 1/1 octave band resolution. The optional Extended
Acoustic Pack enables 1/3 octave band resolution from
50 Hz to 10 kHz.
77
Reverberation Time RT60
10
Phantom Power Supply
48V
ASD
48V
11
The XL2-TA provides 48 V phantom power
supply to the connection microphone or sensor.
RT60 run test page
An NTi Audio measurement microphone with
automated sensor detection ASD is connected. The XL2-TA reads the electronic data
sheet of the microphone and switches the
48V phantom power automatically on
RT60 result page. Toggle with the measurement
result selection 17 among
AVRG
RT60 result page showing average
of all cycles and uncertainty factor
CYC xx
RT60 result page for each cycle
Last
RT60 result page for last cycle
Phantom power is switched off.
12
78
Page Selector RT60
Select between the RT60 run test page and the result page.
The page button
toggles between these displays.
Y-Axis Reverberation Time
Reverberation time in seconds. The scaling is automatically
adjusted.
Reverberation Time RT60
13
14
Uncertainty Factor
The uncertainty factor is displayed in the RT60 average result page. It indicates the uncertainty of the averaged measurement results, reduces as more cycles are measured,
and depends on the measured reverberation time and the
bandwidth of the individual frequency band; lower bands
show a higher uncertainty factor. The number of measurement cycles is displayed at 5 .
17
Measurement Result Selection
The RT60 measurement function allows consecutive measurements within one test sequence. An averaged test result of all measurements is automatically calculated.
Select CYC and scroll with the rotary wheel
individual test result cycles showing
Last
Last Test Result
Displays the result of last measurement cycle.
xx
Single Test Cycle Results
The individual single test results are marked
with CYC xx, where xx is an incriminating number. You may delete individual test results. The
averaged reverberation time result uses only the
remaining valid measurements. To delete results
in a cycle,
• Select DEL with the rotary wheel
• Confirm with enter .
AVRG
Averaged Test Result
The averaged test results of all cycles are calculated and displayed.
Overall Reverberation Time Test Result
Readout of reverberation time and uncertainty factor.
Uncertainty factor. For more details see
13 .
Reverberation time measurement results.
15
X-Axis
RT60 Octave Bands 63Hz - 8 kHz
16
Cursor Readout
Select the individual frequency band and read out the following numeric measurement results
• Uncertainty factor in % or correlation in %.
• Reverberation time RT60 (T20), of the selected frequency band, in seconds (s).
through the
79
Reverberation Time RT60
18
19
Correlation Factor in %
The correlation factor is 100% for perfectly linear sound
pressure level decay after the sound source has ceased.
The natural deviation from this linearity results in lower
correlation values. The correlation factor is typically 80 100%.
Cycle Reverberation Time Test Result
Readout of cycle reverberation time and correlation factor
18 when selection 17 is CYC xx or Last.
Correlation Factor. Scale is on the right Y-axis. For
more details see 18 .
Reverberation time measurement result of individual displayed cycle. Scale is on the left Y-axis.
20
Y-Axis Correlation Factor
The right Y-axis shows the correlation factor in %. The correlation factor Y-axis is displayed when test result selection
17 is CYC xx or Last.
21
Delete Cycle Results
Individual cycle results may be deleted, thereby excluding
them from the calculation of the AVRG result.
80
Test Signals
The sound source shall be as omnidirectional as
possible. Use either a gated pink noise or an
impulse source as the test signal.
• Gated pink noise
Various gated pink noise test signals with different on/off times are offered by the NTi Audio Test CD included with the XL2-TA or the
Minirator signal generator.
• Impulse
The trigger signal is a generated impulse
source, such as a starter pistol. Individual
measurements, or test sequences with repeated trigger signals, can be carried out.
Ideally the XL2-TA should measure the reverberation time of several on/off cycles and automatically average the reverberation time results. The
uncertainty factor is calculated after a minimum
of three measurement cycles.
Reverberation Time RT60
RT60 Measurement - Getting Started
Test Signal: Pink Noise
Play a pink noise signal through an omni-directional speaker in
the room under test. The sound source should be played for
a long enough time period to ensure that a balance between
injected and absorbed acoustic energy has been reached. For
example the sound reflections should be given enough time
to reach all reflective surfaces in the room. As a rule of thumb,
ensure that the pink noise is played for at least the time period
of the estimated RT60 test result. If in doubt, play the Minirator
MR-PRO or the Test Signal CD as sound source for at least 5
seconds for each cycle. Each time the source signal stops, the
XL2-TA recognizes this interruption, triggers, measures the decay time and calculates the reverberation time automatically.
Test Signal: Impulse
Fire an impulse sound source in the room under test, e.g. use
a starter pistol. The XL2-TA measures the decay time and calculates the reverberation time automatically. Do not fire the
next shot until the previous calculation is complete i.e. until the
status 4 displays ARMED.
Test Preparations
The XL2-TA reads the electronic data sheet of any connected
ASD microphones provided by NTi Audio and switches the 48V
phantom power automatically on as follows:
• Connect the measurement microphone to the XL2-TA.
• Switch on the XL2-TA .
 The 48V phantom power indication in the upper menu bar
changes to ASD. The XL2-TA is ready for acoustic measurements.
• Position the XL2-TA at the measurement location using a microphone stand or tripod.
• Select the RT60 function in the measurement menu and
toggle with page
to the run page RUN.
• Prepare the environment for the measurement. For example
mute all sound sources to establish silence.
81
Reverberation Time RT60
Set Level Markers
• Select the parameter SET with the rotary wheel
press enter .
and
 The environmental noise is measured and the grey level
markers are set.
82
Get Ready for the Reverberation Time Measurement
• Protect the ears against high sound pressure levels, as the
test signals might be very loud.
Setting the pink noise level:
• Start the pink noise test signal with the appropriate on/off
time according to the room. Use an initial low level.
• Increase the test signal level until all level markers for the
minimum test signal level are passed. Use an equalizer to
push individual band levels.
• Switch off the gated pink noise signal after you have finished
setting the pink noise level.
Reverberation Time RT60
Start the Measurement
• Press start
. The status indication switches to ARMED.
• Enable the test signal; e.g., switch on the gated pink noise
signal or fire a starter pistol.
• The black bars have to exceed the grey bars completely.
Continue the Measurement
Using pink noise:
The gated pink noise test signal continues with the preset on/
off time. The XL2-TA automatically triggers at each cycle. Complete a minimum of three test cycles to accurately calculate
the uncertainty factor.
Using an impulse source:
Use further starter pistol shots to repeat the measurements.
• Press pause
to pause the measurement.
• Prepare the next impulse sound source; e.g., starter pistol.
• Press start
to continue the reverberation time measurement.
• Enable the test signal; e.g., fire the starter pistol.
An automated algorithm calculates the averaged reverb time of
all measurement cycles.
• The RT60 calculation cycle is complete when
the sound pressure level falls below the bottom of the grey level markers in every band.
• Confirmation marks , indicating successful measurements, are displayed above each
band.
83
Reverberation Time RT60
Stop the Measurement and Read Out the Result
• Press stop
after all cycles are completed.
• If applicable, switch off the pink noise test signal.
• Select the result page RES with page
.
The average reverberation time for each frequency band is displayed in seconds and the
measurement uncertainty in %.
•
•
•
•
Read Out the Individual Cycle Result
• Select CYC with the rotary wheel , press enter
and select the individual cycle result with the rotary wheel .
Within each cycle, the reverberation time for
each frequency band is displayed in seconds
and the correlation factor in %.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
 The RT60 reverberation time measurement is completed.
84
Reverberation Time RT60
Error Indications
Various error indications are displayed for unsuccessful RT60
measurements. Corrupt cycles can be deleted individually.
These results are then excluded from the average calculations.
• LOW LEVL
This is the abbreviation of “low test signal level” during the
measurement. Increase the test signal level until the black
level markers exceed the grey level markers in every frequency band. Also, ensure that the level falls below the grey
level markers, otherwise use a RT60 test signal with longer
on/off times.
• CORR<70%
The correlation factor is lower than 70% indicating an unreliable measurement result.
• T>18S The measured reverberation time exceeds the time limit of
18 seconds. This is commonly caused by either an incorrect
analyzer range setting or environmental noise. In the first
case, choose another range setting. In the second case, ensure that the environmental noise remains constant during
the measurement, and/or SET the level markers again while
the environmental noise is high.
85
Polarity
Polarity
Positive/Negative Result Page
Polarity measurement is important in matching the left and right
speakers for a good stereo sound image. The polarity function
measures the polarity of cables, single speakers and speaker
cabinets. For testing, use the polarity signal provided on the
NTi Audio Test CD or the Minirator test signal generator.
4
The polarity of individual speakers or speaker cabinets might
change with the frequency. For example, the mid-range speaker polarity may differ from the woofer polarity within the same
speaker cabinet. Therefore the polarity detailed result page of
the XL2-TA displays the measured polarity of the individual octave bands from 125 Hz to 8 kHz. This allows in-depth verification of the polarity - frequency relationship.
• Polarity is a simple test within the very complex science of signal phasing. Drivers, speakers and crossovers all cause phase shifts of
the audio signal.
• The polarity of various speakers within the
same cabinet may differ by design!
• Polarity testing is useful for checking the correct wiring of similar speaker systems.
86
1
3
2
Polarity
Detailed Result Page
1
5
10
6
Input Selection
Select the signal source as follows:
• Select Signal Source with the rotary wheel
• Press enter
to select either
Voice
Note
Mic
Use the internal voice note microphone of the
XL2-TA for polarity measurements. This selection disables the rear speaker.
XLR
Input
Measure the acoustic polarity with a measurement microphone. Alternatively, measure the
polarity of an electrical signal connected with
an XLR audio cable.
RCA
Input
Measure the polarity of an electrical signal connected with an RCA audio cable.
9
8
7
.
2
Polarity Test Result
Displays either POSITIVE, NEGATIVE or ??? (=undefined).
For further visual indication, the limit button
illuminates
green for POSITIVE and red for NEGATIVE polarity.
3
Level RMS
Measures the absolute level of the input signal. The unit’s
dBu, dBV and V are selectable.
Polarity result for Minirator
connected directly to XL2-TA Analyzer
87
Polarity
4
Balance Indicator
Indication of the audio signal balance between pin 2 and 3
on the XLR input for input signals > -34 dBu.
7
X-Axis
Seven octave bands with center frequencies from
125 Hz to 8 kHz. SUB displays the polarity of Sub-woofers;
frequency range < 100 Hz.
8
Relative Level Indicator
The grey area shows the measured signal energy within
the individual frequency bands. The bands with the biggest
energy have the most effect on the actual displayed POSITIVE / NEGATIVE polarity result.
Negative Polarity Area
Measurement results area with negative polarity (-). The
black line in the middle of relative level indicator 5 displays
the measured polarity of the individual frequency band. The
dashed line indicates the lower limit of the measurement
result area.
9
Uncertain Polarity Area ???
Polarity results for frequency bands in this area are uncertain. Therefore the polarity result ??? is displayed.
Polarity Indication
10
Positive Polarity Area
Measurement results area with positive polarity (+). The
black line in the middle of relative level indicator 5 displays
the measured polarity of the individual frequency band. The
dashed line indicates the upper limit of the measurement
result area.
The input signal is balanced.
The signal is unbalanced. The level of pin 2 is
higher than pin 3.
The signal is unbalanced. The level of pin 3 is
higher than pin 2.
5
6
88
+
Polarity of frequency band is positive. The polarity result is in the upper display area; the + area.
-
Polarity of frequency band is negative. The polarity
result is in the lower display area; the - area.
Polarity
Polarity Measurement - Getting Started
For acoustic polarity measurement you can use the internal
voice note microphone, or an external measurement microphone, plugged into the XLR input. The polarity result for left
and right speaker cabinets should match for a good stereo
sound image.
• Feed the speaker cabinet with the polarity test signal of the
Minirator.
• Adjust the test level (at Minirator or amplifier) until the test
signal is clearly heard.
• Enable the polarity test signal at the left speaker cabinet;
mute the right speaker cabinet.
• To activate the internal microphone, select Signal Source
with the rotary wheel
and choose Voice Note Mic with
enter .
• Measure the polarity of the left speaker cabinet and save the
screenshot in the memory menu
.
• Enable the polarity test signal at the right speaker cabinet;
mute the left speaker cabinet.
• Measure the polarity of the right speaker cabinet.
• Compare the polarity test result of both speaker cabinets.
 The polarity measurement is completed.
The sample result shows the polarity as:
• Sub-woofer: Low energy, no sub installed
• Woofer:
Positive
• Mid-range:
Negative
• Tweeter:
Positive (with small levels)
The major part of the signal energy is measured
in the mid-range frequency bands. Therefore
the overall displayed polarity is NEGATIVE.
89
Delay Time
Delay Time
1
The delay time measurement function is suitable for accurate
configuration of delay line setups, by optimizing the directionality of the signal source. The XL2-TA measures the delay time
between the reference signal and the acoustic signal from the
speaker. The acoustic delay settings are displayed, allowing you
to easily set the measured delay time into the delay device in
the rack. The NTi Audio delay time test signal is provided either
by the Minirator MR-PRO, MR2 or the Test CD included with
the XL2-TA.
1
2
3
4
5
90
7
2
6
3
Delay Signal Source
Select the signal source for the delay measurement:
CD Player
Using the supplied NTi Audio Test CD; this
setting implies the synchronization time
bar is set to 100 seconds = 1 min. 40 sec.;
after 100 seconds the XL2-TA has to be synchronized to the delay test signal again.
Minirator
The Minirator MR-PRO and MR2 provides a
more reliable test signal source than a CD
player. Therefore the XL2-TA offers an extended time range without synchronization.
Only after 300 seconds (5 minutes) does
the XL2-TA have to be synchronized to the
delay test signal again.
Store Button
Press the store button to record the actual delay
reference speaker.
7
Reference Delay Time
Individually-stored delay time of reference speaker.
of the
Delay Time
4
Calculated Distance
Distance from measurement position to speaker in meters
or feet, based on the defined temperature in °C or °F
5
Synchronization Time Bar
The automated synchronization allows delay time measurements without any connected electrical reference signal for
100 seconds using the NTi Audio Test CD or 300 seconds
using the Minirator, MR2 or MR-PRO. It displays the time
remaining until the next required synchronization.
6
Calculated Delay Time: Store - Actual
Calculated difference between delay time of speaker A and
speaker B as shown on the next page. The automated difference calculation simplifies the verification of delay line
arrangements, such as those used in larger halls or auditoriums.
7
Actual Delay
Actual measured delay time referring to the electrical reference signal.
Delay Test utilizes VoiceNote Microphone
The XL2-TA uses the internal VoiceNote microphone to measure the acoustic delay. Do not
connect any measurement microphone to the
XL2-TA for the delay time measurement.
Rear Speaker
The rear speaker on the XL2-TA is disabled
during delay measurements, thereby avoiding
measurement failures. The headphone output
is active.
91
Delay Time
Delay Measurement - Getting Started
The delay time measurement is conducted between the synchronized electrical input signal and the acoustic signal measured by the built-in voice note microphone. In this example,
the delay between speakers A and B in the illustrated auditorium is measured.
speaker
front right
speaker A
front left
lecturer
speaker B
sub left
measurement
position
92
speaker
sub right
Test Preparations
• Prepare the delay test signal; use either the
• NTi Audio Test CD
• NTi Audio Minirator for analog systems
• NTi Audio Digirator for digital or Dolby/DTS systems
• Start the delay test signal.
• Connect the generated delay test signal with an audio cable
to the RCA or XLR input of the XL2, e.g. take the reference
signal from an auxiliary channel of a mixing console.
• Select XLR or RCA input in the upper XL2-TA menu
• Set the actual environment temperature, to ensure that the
distance is displayed correctly later.
Delay Time
• Wait until the XL2-TA synchronizes to the incoming delay
test signal, then the synchronization time bar fills up.
• Disconnect the audio cable, with the synchronizing signal,
from the XL2, allowing you to move around freely for the
delay measurement. When selecting Minirator as the delay
signal source, the XL2-TA has to be synchronized to the signal source again after 5 minutes. When selecting CD Player
as the delay signal source, the XL2-TA has to be synchronized to the signal source every 100 seconds.
Measure Reference Speaker A
• Start the delay test signal at speaker A, mute speaker B.
• Position yourself with the XL2-TA at the measurement position next to speaker B sub left as indicated above. This is the
worst-case position in the auditorium with regard to acoustic delay in the sound field. The XL2-TA uses the VoiceNote
microphone for the delay test; do not connect any measurement microphone.
 The XL2-TA measures the delay time of speaker A in reference to the electrical input signal in milliseconds.
93
Delay Time
Store Reference
• Select the displayed 0.0 ms below Act. Delay with the rotary
wheel
and press enter .
 The reference result of speaker A is stored for the difference calculation of delay A - B.
Measure Sub Speaker B
• Start the delay test signal at speaker B. Mute speaker A.
• Position yourself with the XL2-TA at the shown measurement position. The XL2-TA uses the VoiceNote microphone
for the delay test; do not connect any measurement microphone.
• Stop the delay test signal at speaker A.
 The XL2-TA measures the delay time of speaker B in reference to the electrical input signal in milliseconds.
94
Delay Time
Automated Difference Calculation
• The delay time difference between speaker A and B is
automatically calculated and shown below the Act. Delay
result.
 The delay time is measured.
Delay Test utilizes VoiceNote Microphone
The XL2-TA uses the internal VoiceNote microphone to measure the acoustic delay. Do not
connect any measurement microphone to the
XL2-TA for the delay time measurement.
Measurement Position
Do not position the XL2-TA too close to reflecting surfaces, such as walls or floors. The reflections are likely to prevent accurate measurements.
Result Interpretation
• The resulting time in milliseconds shows
the time difference of the sound signal from
speaker A and B arriving at the measurement
position. Speaker B has to be delayed by the
displayed difference result.
• To optimize directionality, add a further 5 ms
to the calculated difference. The main signal
from speaker A then arrives at the measurement position first. The acoustic signal from
sub speaker B arrives 5 ms later. This improves the subjective directionality perception of the listeners.
Distance in meter/feet
The distance results in meter/feet are displayed
below for easy verification of the test results
accuracy. The readings are based on 330 m/s
sound speed at 0°C / 32°F.
95
1/12 Octave + Tolerance
1/12 Octave + Tolerance (optional)
The Spectral Limits Option extends the XL2-TA function range
with an RTA analyzer with spectral resolutions from 1/1 octave
down to 1/12th octave. Trace capturing, relative curve display
and comprehensive tolerance handling are supported in the
FFT Analysis and the high resolution 1/12 Oct + Tol spectral
analysis.
Features
• High resolution RTA function “1/12 Oct + Tol” with selectable 1/1, 1/3, 1/6 and 1/12 octave spectral resolution
• Capturing of multiple readings into the internal memory
• Comparing measurement results against captures with relative or absolute curve display
• Comprehensive tolerance handling with tolerance masks
based on captures for passed/failed measurements
• Export and import of tolerance and capture files
• Frequency band listening at rear speaker
96
Applications
• PA-rental: Verifying the frequency response of returned
speakers and microphones against reference records ensuring they are back in stock in good working condition.
• Industrial quality testing: Passed/Failed test in the production
line or during service of any audible quality criteria, such as
with motors, machines, vacuum cleaners, ...
• Cinema: Comparing frequency responses against an ideal
response curve according the X-Curve requirements.
Tolerance Handling
The XL2-TA Analyzer compares spectral measurements against
a tolerance band and visualizes exceptions in every frequency
band. The passed/failed condition is further visualized by the
limit button
and forwarded to the I/O interface of the instrument in order to drive an external alarm device such the accessory SPL Stack Light.
Tolerance curves can either be imported from txt-files or directly derived from captured measurements. The XL2-TA calculates tolerance bands based on
• Single captured results
• Manually generated txt-files on the PC
• Mean average of multiple captures
• Min/Max curves of multiple captures
1/12 Octave + Tolerance
1
14
Result Symbols / Capture & Start Tolerance Mode
This field offers two functions:
• Symbols for measurement results 2
13
Upper parameter displayed as line.
12
1
Lower parameter displayed as bargraph.
11
2
3
10
4
9
• Capture & Start Tolerance Mode
The displayed spectral readings may be captured in C1
- C8 for
• Comparing measurement results against captures
with relative or absolute curve display.
• Creating tolerance masks based on captures for
passed / failed measurements.
8
5
6
7
Capture EQ
Captures the upper parameter
Capture Live
Captures the lower parameter
97
1/12 Octave + Tolerance
Manage
captures
Allows to rename captures, clear recorded captures, save captures to
SD-Card for export from the XL2-TA or
load captures from SD-Card for import
to the XL2-TA.
Start tolerance Starts the tolerance mode for passed/
mode
failed measurements comparing the
actual measurement results against a
tolerance band.
2
Measurement Result
Actual level result of the indicated frequency band. The cursor readout displays the center frequency and the level of
the band indicated by the arrow.
Upper parameter displayed as line.
Lower parameter displayed as bargraph.
98
3
Y-Scale setting
• Select the Y-Axis with the rotary wheel
and confirm
with enter .
• Select the zoom factor between 20, 10, 5, 2.5 dB/div
and confirm with enter .
• Scroll up and down with the rotary wheel
to select the
Y-axis range.
• Confirm with enter .
4
Spectral Measurement Result
Spectral results in 1/1, 1/3, 1/6 or 1/12 octave band resolution. Adjust the resolution at 12 .
1/12 Octave + Tolerance
5
Input Range
The XL2-TA Analyzer provides three input ranges to accommodate the wide range of input signals. The individual ranges are based on the microphone sensitivity setting in the
calibration menu of the XL2-TA. For example at a sensitivity
S=20mV/Pa the input ranges are
• Lower range: 10 - 110 dBSPL
• Middle range: 30 - 130 dBSPL
• Upper range: 50 - 150 dBSPL
Select the lowest possible input range according to the
maximum level expected during the measurement; e.g., if
the sound pressure will be always below 110 dBSPL, then
select the lowest input range 10 - 110 dBSPL.
6
Time Weighting
Offers selectable time weighting of 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0 second
as well FAST (125 ms) and SLOW (1 second). Applications:
Short Time
Weighting
High resolution in time with minimum
averaging
Long Time
Weighting
Low resolution in time with longer averaging
7
Run Indication
The run indication shows the measurement status running,
paused or stopped. Various measurement settings are
locked during ongoing measurements, such as changing
the input ranging or the preset measurement time.
For passed/failed measurements with the Spectral Limits
option the run indication may display A for a preset automated level trigger.
8
Actual Measurement Time
Counts actual measurement time in hrs:min:sec. Supports
setting of time modes: continuous and single.
Timer Mode Continuous
(applicable for standard measurements)
All values are recorded and monitored continuously after starting a measurement with start
.
The actual measurement time is shown.
Timer Mode Single
Automatically stops the measurement after the
pre-set measurement time.
• Set the required measurement time.
• Start the measurement
.
99
1/12 Octave + Tolerance
9
Preset Measurement Time
Adjustment of preset measurement time for single timer
setting.
10
Broadband Results
User-selectable display of broadband results:
• You may readout any individual frequency.
• Return to auto frequency with enter .
 The cursor returns to the frequency with highest level bar.
Z
Broadband sound pressure level without any frequency weighting
The cursor read out may be set manually to any
frequency band or wideband level. The read out remains at the selected frequency.
• Select the frequency with the rotary wheel .
• Press enter .
• Select the frequency of interest.
• Confirm with enter .
-
none
 The
A A-weighted broadband sound pressure level
C C-weighted broadband sound pressure level
11
Readout Frequency
You may select any frequency to read out individual levels.
The selected frequency is indicated by the cursor arrow.
Choose between the following settings:
The cursor follows automatically the highest level,
e.g. tracing feedback frequencies at live sound.
• Select the frequency with the rotary wheel .
• Press enter .
100
cursor readout 2 displays the measurement results of the selected frequency band.
12
Setting of Test Result Resolution
Set the spectral result display to 1/1, 1/3, 1/6 or 1/12 octave
band resolution as follows:
• Turn the rotary wheel
to select the parameter 12 .
• Press enter
to open the selection window.
• Turn the rotary wheel
to select 1/1 OCT, 1/3 OCT,
1/6 OCT or 1/12 OCT
• Press enter
to confirm.
1/12 Octave + Tolerance
13
14
Phantom Power Supply
48V
The XL2-TA provides 48 V phantom power
supply to the microphone or sensor.
ASD
An NTi Audio measurement microphone with
automated sensor detection ASD is connected. The XL2-TA reads the electronic data
sheet of the microphone and switches the
48V phantom power automatically on.
48V
Phantom power is switched off.
Band Listening
The selected frequency band of the input signal is audible at the rear speaker or headphone
output.
• Press and hold the speaker button
down.
The pop-up window Volume is displayed.
• Keep the speaker button
pressed and
press enter
at the same time.
 The band listening is activated.
Measurement Unit
Select the measurement unit as follows:
dB
Sound level in dBSPL
This measurement unit is permanently selected
upon connecting a NTi Audio measurement microphone with electronic data sheet.
dBu
Input level in dBu
dBV
Input level in dBV
V
Input level in Volt
101
1/12 Octave + Tolerance
1/12 Octave - Getting Started
Test Preparations
The XL2-TA reads the electronic data sheet of any connected
ASD microphones provided by NTi Audio and switches the 48V
phantom power automatically on as follows:
• Connect the measurement microphone to the XL2-TA.
• Switch on the XL2-TA .
Configuration
The XL2-TA displays two different sound pressure levels at
the same time. You configure to display either the levels Live,
Max, Min, EQ or captured results.
• Select the upper result parameter with the rotary wheel
 The 48V phantom power indication in the upper menu bar
changes to ASD. The XL2-TA is ready for acoustic measurements.
• Position the XL2-TA at the measurement location using a microphone stand or tripod.
• Select the 1/12 Oct + Tol function in the measurement
menu.
The displayed wideband and spectral levels are
measured and stored simultaneously.
• Confirm with enter
102
.
.
1/12 Octave + Tolerance
Select Upper/Lower Reading

The pop-up window Select reading shows up.

The pop-up window Select reading mode shows up.
• Select the time-averaged sound level EQ. All available selections are Z-weighted (= no weighting).
• Select EQ for normal absolute display of measurements.
• Follow the same instruction and select the lower spectral
reading Live.
• Confirm with enter
.
Press start
to measure and display the
sound levels results indicated with ----.
103
1/12 Octave + Tolerance
Select Input Range
Select the lowest possible input range according to the maximum level expected during the measurement.
• Select the input range RNGE and press enter .
• Turn the rotary wheel to set the applicable input range and
confirm with enter .
Start and Stop the Measurement
• The XL2-TA measures the selected sound pressure levels Live and EQ. All available sound levels are
Z-weighted (= no weighting).
• Press start
.

The run indication switches to running
. The actual sound
level Live and the averaged level EQ are displayed. The parameter RUN flashes in the memory menu.
• Press the stop button
104
to stop the measurement.
1/12 Octave + Tolerance
Save the Measurement Result
• Select the memory menu
with the rotary wheel
confirm with enter .
and

The memory menu opens.
Capture References and Create Tolerances
The Spectral Limits Option extends the function range of the
XL2-TA with trace capturing, relative curve display and comprehensive tolerance handling for the FFT Analysis and the high
resolution 1/12 Oct + Tol spectral analysis.
Features:
• Capturing of multiple readings into the internal memory
• Comparing measurement results against captures with relative or absolute curve display
• Comprehensive tolerance handling
• Creating tolerance masks based on captures for passed /
failed measurements
• Export and import of tolerance and capture files
• True peak level in 1/1 and 1/3 octave resolution
• High-resolution Zoom-FFT up to 0.4 Hz steps in the frequency range 5 Hz - 20 kHz
Read the detailed description in the separate chapter
Spectral Limits Option (Capture + Tolerances).
• Press enter
to store the test results or select Save
Screenshot to store the screenshot.
 The measurement is completed.
105
Noise Curves
Noise Curves (optional)
The Spectral Limits Option extends the XL2-TA with the Noise
Curves measurement function. A noise curve may be used to
characterize room noise or other environments. Various standardized international noise curves are the most widely used
means for evaluating background sound in buildings, and other
facilities such as transit facilities, as well as in other indoor/
outdoor spaces. Residual noise in buildings may be generated
from both environmental sources (e.g. outside traffic) and systemic sources (e.g. heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning
(HVAC) systems; or other machinery in use). It is also frequently
necessary to measure residual noise curves prior to expected
changes in advance of construction or prior to other expected
environmental noise changes.
Noise Rating NR
(in accordance with ISO 1996)
Noise rating (NR) is a graphical method for assigning a single
number rating to a noise spectrum. It can be used to specify
the maximum acceptable level in each octave band of a frequency spectrum, or to assess the acceptability of a noise
spectrum for a particular application. The method was originally
proposed for use in assessing environmental noise, but it is
now used frequently for describing noise from mechanical ventilation systems in buildings. To make a rating, the measured
noise spectrum is superimposed on a family of NR contours;
the NR of the spectrum corresponds to the value of the first
NR contour that is entirely above the spectrum.
Noise Criteria NC
(in accordance with ANSI S12.2-2008 and -1995)
The NC rating of a spectrum is designated as the value of the
highest NC curve “touched” by the measured octave-band
spectrum. The designating number for any NC curve is, approximately, its speech interference level (SIL); the average of
the levels in the 500, 1000, 2000 and 4000 Hz octave bands.
The XL2-TA Analyzer includes any tangency method adaptation
as applicable.
106
Noise Curves
Room Noise Criteria RNC
(in accordance with ANSI S12.2-2008)
Room Criteria RC
(in accordance with ANSI S12.2-1995)
The RNC method is used to determine noise ratings when the
noise from HVAC systems at low frequencies is high, and which
is also suspected of containing sizeable fluctuations or surging.
It essentially represents a rumble criterion. The RNC curves
also provide a procedure that reduces the result essentially
back to the NC curves when systems are well designed and
acoustically well behaved. Following the RNC specification, the
XL2-TA measures the octave-band sound pressure level every
100 ms, followed by processing to determine the applicable
room noise criterion (RNC) curve. The minimum measurement
time is 20 seconds.
The RC criterion curves are a system for use in the design
of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems in
office buildings, dwelling units, etc., where the desired midfrequency levels are in the range of 25 to 50 dB. Each RC criterion curve bears a rating number equal to the level at 1000 Hz.
Spectrum classification
• Neutral spectrum (N): The levels at 500 Hz and below do not
exceed the RC curve corresponding to a sound level spectrum by more than 5 dB; and the spectrum levels in Band
1000 Hz and higher do not exceed the corresponding RC
curve by more than 3 dB.
• Rumble (R): Excessive noise in low-frequency band
The level in one or more of the octave bands at and below
500 Hz exceeds the RC curve corresponding to a spectrum
by more than 5 dB.
• Hiss (H): Excessive noise in high-frequency bands
The level in one or more of the octave bands at and above
1000 Hz exceeds the RC curve corresponding to a spectrum
by more than 3 dB.
• Vibration and rattle (RV): The level in one or more of the octave bands from 16 Hz through 63 Hz exceed the criterion for
moderately noticeable rattle.
107
Noise Curves
Preferred Noise Criteria PNC
(in accordance with ASA 1971)
PNC curves represent a more stringent method based on an
extension of the basic Noise Criteria system. They have been
used in the past to judge the acceptability of ventilation and
other background broadband noise. PNC curves are less often
used than Noise Criteria curves because they are more stringent at lower frequencies than the Noise Criteria curves, but
also because the latest (2008) version of Noise Criteria curves
also includes an extended frequency range somewhat mitigating the original reasons for PNC.
Noise Curves Result Page
1
12
2
11
3
4
5
6
10
9
7
108
8
Noise Curves
RNC Information Page
1
Noise Curve Types
• Noise Rating NR
• Noise Criteria NC (2008) and (1995)
• Room Noise Criteria RNC
• Room Criteria RC (1995)
• Preferred Noise Criteria PNC (1971)
13
Measurement Result
The noise rating of a spectrum is designated as the value of
the highest curve “touched” by the measured octave-band
spectrum. The octave band in which this “touching” occurs
is noted along with the curve designation.
14
2
The RNC information page is available at the noise curve types
Noise Criteria and Room Noise Criteria in accordance with
ANSI S12.2-2008. It reports any large fluctuations or surging at
low frequencies, e.g. caused by fans.
Noise Curve
Selection of the noise curve type and measurement result.
Measurement Result
Actual level result of the indicated frequency band. The cursor readout displays the center frequency and the level of
the band pointed to by the arrow. In the automatic cursor
read out, the arrow points directly to the frequency band
with the highest noise rating as displayed in 1 .
109
Noise Curves
3
4
Y-Scale setting
• Auto-Scroll
• Zoom:
-- Select the Y-Axis with the rotary wheel
and confirm
with enter .
-- Select the zoom factor between 10, 5, 2.5 dB/div and
confirm with enter .
Noise Measurement Result
Real-time spectrum in 1/1 octave band resolution.
5
Noise Floor
The grey area shows the noise floor of the connected NTi
Audio measurement microphone (provided by the electronic data sheet) in combination with the XL2-TA Analyzer.
6
X-Scale
X-Scale from 16 Hz to 8 kHz.
110
7
Live View
Select the LiveView with the rotary wheel
to get an
overview of the current noise level. Alternatively press the
limit button .
The XL2-TA measures the noise curve after pressing the
start button
. This will provide the noise rating measurement in accordance with all standards.
8
Run Indication
The run indication shows the measurement status running,
paused or stopped. Various measurement settings are
locked during ongoing measurements, such as the preset
measurement time.
Noise Curves
9
Actual Measurement Time
Counts actual measurement time in hrs:min:sec. Supports
time modes: continuous and single.
Timer Mode Continuous
(applicable for standard measurements)
All values are recorded and monitored continuously after starting a measurement with start
.
The actual measurement time is shown.
Timer Mode Single
Automatically stops the measurement after the
pre-set measurement time.
• Set the required measurement time.
• Start the measurement
.
 The actual measurement time counts back to
zero and the measurement ends.
10
Preset Measurement Time
Adjustment of preset measurement time for the timer
mode single.
11
Readout Frequency
You may select any frequency to read out individual levels.
The selected frequency is indicated by the cursor arrow.
Choose between the following settings:
The cursor follows automatically the frequency
band with the highest noise rating.
• Select the frequency with the rotary wheel .
• Press enter .
• You may readout any individual frequency.
• Return to auto frequency with enter .
 The cursor returns to the frequency with highest noise rating.
The cursor read out may be set manually to any
frequency band or wide band level. The read out remains at the selected frequency.
• Select the frequency with the rotary wheel .
• Press enter .
• Select the frequency of interest.
• Confirm with enter .
 The
cursor readout 2 displays the measurement results of the selected frequency band.
111
Noise Curves
12
SIL Measurement Result
The speech interference level (SIL) result is shown at noise
curve types NC-2008 and NC-1995 1 . It is calculated by
averaging the octave-band sound pressure levels at 500
Hz, 1000 Hz, 2000 Hz and 4000 Hz. If the measured spectrum in any octave band does not exceed any of the octave
bands of that NC(SIL) curve, the spectrum is designated
NC(SIL). If one or more octave-band levels exceed the
NC(SIL) curve, then the NC curve number may differ to the
SIL value, as the NC rating for that spectrum must be determined using the tangency method.
13
Large Fluctuations
This reports any large fluctuations at low frequencies
for the Room Noise Criteria RNC in accordance with
ANSI S12.2-2008. If one or more displayed measurement
results exceed the limits, then large fluctuations exist. Concluding the LEQ levels in the octave frequency bands below 300 Hz are automatically “penalized” at the RNC measurement.
14
Correction Values
The noise curve type RNC uses these correction values
based on the measured fluctuation results to determine
the RNC curve result.
112
Noise Curves
Recommendations
Type of Room Space Type
Recommended
NC and
RNC
Curve
Equivalent
Sound
Level
RC curve
Conference rooms
25-35
35-44
25-35 (N)
RC curve
Recommended
NC and
RNC
Curve
Equivalent
Sound
Level
Concert halls
15-18
-
-
Hospitals and clinics
25-45
35-52
25-40 (N)
Small auditoriums
25-30
35-39
-
Movie theaters
30-40
39-48
-
Large auditoriums
20-25
30-35
-
Churches
30-35
39-44
25-35 (N)
Broadcast studios
15-25
16-35
-
Courtrooms
30-35
39-44
25-35 (N)
Drama theaters
20-25
30-35
-
Libraries
30-35
44-48
30-40 (N)
Private residences
25-40
35-48
25-30(N)
Restaurants
40-45
48-52
-
Schools
25-35
35-40
25-40 (N)
Light maintenance
shop
45-55
52-62
-
Hotels
25-50
35-57
25-45 (N)
Shops and garages
50-60
57-67
-
Offices
25-40
35-48
25-35 (N)
Type of Room Space Type
113
Noise Curves
Noise Curves - Getting Started
Configuration
• Select the noise curve type with the rotary wheel
.
Test Preparations
The XL2-TA reads the electronic data sheet of any connected
ASD microphones provided by NTi Audio and switches the 48V
phantom power automatically on as follows:
• Connect the measurement microphone to the XL2-TA.
• Switch on the XL2-TA .
 The 48V phantom power indication in the upper menu bar
changes to ASD. The XL2-TA is ready for acoustic measurements.
• Select the Noise Curves function in the measurement
menu.
The microphone should be moved slowly to positions around the entire space at locations that
are near the average normal standing or seated
height of human ears. The recommended period is 20 seconds or longer.
114
• Confirm with enter
.
The XL2-TA measures all noise curve types at
the same time, thus you can change the selection also after the measurement.
Noise Curves
Start and Stop the Measurement
• Press start
.

The run indication switches to running
. The actual noise
level LZeq of the selected octave band is displayed. The
parameter RUN flashes in the memory menu. The Y-axis
adjusts automatically according the measurement result.
Save the Measurement Result
• Select the memory menu
with the rotary wheel
confirm with enter .
and

The memory menu opens.
• Press enter
to store the test results or select Save
Screenshot to generate a screenshot.
• Press the stop button
to stop the measurement.
 The measurement is completed.
115
STIPA
Speech Intelligibility STIPA (optional)
The STIPA analyzer option allows reliable measurement of
the speech transmission index within 15 seconds. Besides
the single value STI or CIS test result, a detailed view of the
modulation indices and individual band level results is provided. The STIPA analyzer meets the latest standard edition 4.0
IEC 60268-16, released in 2011. The XL2-TA Supports also noise
corrections, automated averaging of measurements and the
older standard editions 2.0 and 3.0.
The speech intelligibility depends on the following system parameters:
• Signal-to-noise ratio
• Psychoacoustic masking effects
• Sound pressure level
• Ambient noise level
• Reverberation time RT60
• Reflections
• Frequency response
• Distortion
The speech intelligibility measurement STIPA is an option for
the XL2-TA Audio and Acoustic Analyzer. Ask the local representative for purchasing details.
116
STIPA Signal Source
Utilize the applicable STIPA signal source dedicated for your
installation configuration:
NTi Audio
TalkBox
The NTi Audio TalkBox simulates a person talking
at a precise acoustic level, enabling the measurement of the complete signal chain including the
microphone.
• Place the NTi Audio TalkBox in front of the microphone at the typical position of the talking
persons head.
• Select Track 1 for the STIPA test signal.
• Select Output Mode to Speaker; you should
hear the STIPA test signal.
Minirator
MR-PRO
The Minirator MR-PRO is used for electrical signal
injection into public address systems that commonly use alarm messages from a hard drive
(systems without a microphone).
CD Player
The NTi Audio CD “STIPA V1.1”, included in the
package, can be used with a professional CD
player. For details see the chapter STIPA Measurement Hints.
The standard STIPA signal is based on a band-limited random
noise of a male speech spectrum.
STIPA
STIPA Table Result Page
STIPA Numeric Result Page
10
1
9
8
2
7
3
4
5
6
11
12
13
14
Use only the original NTi Audio test signal for
speech intelligibility measurements with the
XL2-TA. Other signals may not seamlessly loop,
thus causing wrong measurement results!
117
STIPA
1
Run Indication
This icon displays the run status of the STIPA measurement.
2
Measurement Result
• Single value speech transmission index result.
• Repeatability of measurement result:
Since a dedicated noise test signal is used, the STIPA
result may deviate by maximum 0.03 STI (=Max-Min) at
the same measurement position.
3
Sound Level LAeq
Shows the time-averaged sound level of the 15 seconds
STIPA measurement cycle time.
4
Sound Level LAS
Actual sound pressure level.
5
Analog STIPA Bargraph
Bargraph display and interpretation of the speech intelligibility measurement result
• Exlnt
0.75 - 1.00 STI
• Good
0.60 - 0.75 STI
• Fair
0.45 - 0.60 STI
• Poor
0.30 - 0.45 STI
• Bad
0.00 - 0.30 STI
118
6
Qualification Scale
The STI value is shown as a letter of the qualification scale
below, which informs about the typical STI requirements
for dedicated applications.
Band
STI Range
Examples of typical uses
A+
> 0.76
recording studios
A
0.72 - 0.76
theatres, speech auditoria,
parliaments, courts
B
0.68 - 0.72
theatres, speech auditoria,
parliaments, courts
C
0.64 - 0.68
teleconference, theatres
D
0.60 - 0.64
class rooms, concert halls
E
0.56 - 0.60
concert halls, modern churches
F
0.52 - 0.56
PA in shopping malls,
public offices, cathedrals
G
0.48 - 0.52
PA in shopping malls,
public offices
H
0.44 - 0.48
PA in difficult acoustic
environments
I
0.40 - 0.44
PA in very difficult spaces
J
0.36 - 0.40
not suitable for PA systems
U
< 0.36
not suitable for PA systems
STIPA
7
Measurement Unit
The STIPA result is displayed in STI (Speech Transmission
Index) or CIS (Common Intelligibility Scale), whereby CIS is
calculated as CIS = 1 + log STI.
9
Progress Bar
Measurement status indication; the single STIPA measurements takes 15 seconds. The actual measurement time
and measurement status are indicated here.
8
Edition of Standard IEC60268-16
10
Page Selector
Select between these pages:
ed4.0
actual edition released in 2011 with continuous
level dependent auditory masking function
ed3.0
old edition released in 2003 with stepped level
dependent auditory masking function
ed2.0
old edition released in 1998 with fixed masking
function
Speech intelligibility measurement result
Table result page with modulation indexes and
sound levels for each octave band
On-site averaging of results.
Ambient Noise Correction
Comparison of the IEC 60268-16 Editions
STI (best case)
1
The page button
toggles between the 123 - Tab - Avr
screens. These pages show the speech intelligibility measurement results. The page Cor offers setting the noise
spectra prior the STI measurement.
0.9
0.8
edition 2.0, 1998
0.7
edition 3.0, 2003
11
Octave Bands
Frequencies 125 Hz - 8 kHz in 1/1 octave band resolution.
12
Sound Pressure Level Leq
Individual time-averaged octave band level Leq.
edition 4.0, 2011
0.6
0.5
20
40
60
Level LAeq
80
100
120
119
STIPA
13
14
120
STIPA Modulation Index MF1, MF2
For good speech intelligibility it is mandatory that the integrity of the transmitted voice signal modulations are preserved. Therefore STIPA is based on measuring the MTF
(Modulation Transfer Function). This function quantifies the
degree to which the voice modulations are preserved in
individual octave bands. STIPA determines the MTF by analyzing the seven frequency bands. Each band is modulated
with two frequencies, resulting in the modulation ratio
mr1 and mr2. All indexes together combined with psychoacoustic models provide the single-value STIPA result.
Error Detection
The built in error detection helps identifying faulty measurements caused by the amount of impulsive ambient noise.
Such noise influences the accuracy of any STIPA measurement. The error detection checks the following:
• Invalid modulation indices in individual octave bands
(mr1 or mr2 > 1.3)
• Changes in ambient noise or any impulsive noise during the measurement (by comparing the first half of the
measurement period with the second half)
Question Mark ? at individual Octave Bands
Individual octave bands are marked with ? in case of a
• Missing test signal level
• Invalid modulation indices (mr1 or mr2 > 1.3)
• Changes in ambient noise or any impulsive noise during
the measurement
Flashing Question Marks ?.?? at 2
The measurement result flashes in combination with the
question marks ??? in case of a
• Question Mark ? at one or multiple octave bands. See
the STIPA Table Result Page on the XL2-TA for details.
• Changes in ambient noise or any impulsive noise during
the measurement
In case the question marks ?.?? are flashing,
then the measurement is faulty. Verify possible
causes and repeat the measurement.
For details see the chapter STIPA Measurement
Hints.
STIPA
STIPA Measurement - Getting Started
Test Preparations
The XL2-TA reads the electronic data sheet of the connected
NTi Audio measurement microphone and switches the 48V
phantom power automatically on as follows:
• Connect the measurement microphone to the XL2-TA.
• Switch on the XL2-TA .
Start STIPA Test Signal
Select the STIPA signal source according your application requirements.
• Switch on the STIPA test signal at the signal source.
• Set the acoustic sound pressure level of the PA system to
simulate the typical announcement level; e.g. LAS = 85 dB.
 The 48V phantom power indication in the upper menu bar
changes to ASD. The XL2-TA is ready for acoustic measurements.
• Position the XL2-TA at the measurement location using a microphone stand or tripod.
• Select the STIPA measurement function in the measurement menu.
• Prepare the environment for the measurement. For example
mute all sound sources to establish silence.
No impulsive noise shall occur during the
STIPA measurement as well no speaking or
other noise sources should be allowed near the
measurement microphone.
121
STIPA
Start STIPA Measurement
• Press start
.
 The progress bar switches to RUNNING. The test result
tendency is shown on the STIPA bargraph, marked with
Bad, Poor, Fair, Good and Exlnt.
122
Stop STIPA Measurement
After the period of 15 seconds the STIPA measurement finishes automatically. The progress bar indications switches to
FINISHED and the final STIPA test result is displayed.
• Switch off the STIPA test signal.
STIPA
Store STIPA Measurement Result
• To store the test result, select the memory menu
with
the rotary wheel
and press enter .
• Select Save Test to store the test results or select Screenshot to store the screenshot.
 The speech intelligibility STIPA is measured and stored on
the SD Card including sound pressure level and modulation
indexes.
Averaging of STIPA Results
The standard IEC 60268-16 recommends averaging two or
three subsequent results taken at the same measurement location.
The German Standard VDE 0833-4 requires performing minimum three subsequent measurements for one measurement
position in case of STI < 0.63.
The XL2-TA Analyzer offers automated averaging of two up to
eight STIPA results based on these standard requirements.
123
STIPA
Start Averaging
Add Cycles
• Select the averaging page Avr.
• Press enter
• Turn the rotary wheel
to select the parameter START
NEW and press enter .
• Repeat the measurement at the same position as required.
 The first STIPA measurement starts automatically. It is labeled Cyc 1.
124
 The
to confirm Add Cycle.
XL2-TA performs further STIPA measurements and
adds them to the list.
STIPA
Finish
Display of STIPA Numeric Result Page
• Choose Finish to end the averaging.
The symbol
played.
indicates that the averaged STI value is dis-
 The STIPA average and the deviation is displayed for documentation.
125
STIPA
STIPA with Ambient Noise Correction
Measuring the speech intelligibility index under realistic environmental conditions is often not feasible; e.g., playing the
test signal in a railway station at emergency levels during peak
hours will irritate passengers. Additionally, at rush-hour the
characteristics of ambient noise might be highly impulsive,
while a pre-requisite for accurate STIPA measurements is a
negligible impulsivity in the ambient noise. Under such circumstances the STIPA measurement should be shifted to a more
suitable time of the day; e.g. night time.
Measurement Sequence
• First measure the ambient noise
• Secondly measure the speech intelligibility STIPA
This sequence simplifies the STIPA measurement as follows: The XL2-TA immediately
displays the STIPA result with ambient noise
correction. This result provides a guideline if
repeated measurements at the same location
with averaging is required. For details see the
chapter STIPA Measurement Hints.
126
Enable Ambient Noise Correction
• Select the correction page Cor.
• Turn the rotary wheel
to select the parameter Ambient
Noise Correction and press enter .
 The
correction enables and the XL2-TA displays this
screen:
STIPA
Commissioning New PA-Systems
New announcement systems are commissioned e.g. at public
areas prior the grand opening. Thus the actual ambient noise
caused by the public is not available yet during the STIPA measurement. Here you may simulate the real-life condition with
ambient noise data enabled by one of the following modes:
Measure Ambient Noise
• Position the microphone at the STIPA measurement point.
• Select Measure (without any test signal presence).
 The XL2-TA measures the ambient noise and displays the
LEQ octave band result.
• Utilize a reference noise file, which might be applicable for
the actual project
-- Measure the ambient noise at another similar project and
store this as reference noise file.
-- Back on the actual project select the parameter Load with
the rotary wheel
and press enter .
-- Select the reference noise file, which shall be utilized as
ambient noise correction for your STIPA measurements.
• Edit actual noise data
-- Select the parameter Edit with the rotary wheel
press enter .
-- Turn the rotary wheel to adjust the noise level.
-- Press enter
to select the next frequency band.
and
Next go to “STIPA Measurements”. Skip the next step “Measure Ambient Noise”.
You may edit the noise data.
127
STIPA
STIPA Measurement
• Select the STIPA result page 123.
• Perform the default STIPA measurement.
STIPA Post-Processing
In case no ambient noise correction has been carried out onsite with the XL2-TA Analyzer, then you may post process your
measurement data on the PC. The NTi Audio STIPA Reporting
Tool combines the STIPA measurement taken at quiet conditions and the actual ambient noise caused by the public, e.g.
during day-time. This emulates the expected STIPA value at
real-life conditions.
STIPA Reporting Tool
The STIPA Reporting Tool creates measurement reports according to the IEC 60268-16 and VDE0833 standards. Import
the data directly from your XL2-TA including the ambient noise
measurements. The corresponding speech intelligibility STI or
CIS values are shown.
The STIPA Reporting Tool is free to download on the XL2-TA
Support website http://my.nti-audio.com for all registered users. (Enable all macros when opening the document.)
 The XL2-TA displays the corrected STIPA result in big letters. The actual measured STIPA result is listed below in
small letters.
128
System Requirements:
• PC running Windows XP or Windows 7
• Excel 2007 or Excel 2010 (32 bit or 64 bit versions)
STIPA
STIPA Measurement Hints
Hints: Ambient Noise
• The ambient noise has to be sufficiently static during the
measurement. A signal-noise ratio of 15 dB or higher is recommended to achieve best speech intelligibility. Impulsive
ambient noise during the measurement, such as speech,
causes severe measurement errors. The STIPA result is usually too high.
• Fluctuating noise is detected by measuring the direct STI
in the absence of the test signal. Carry out these measurements at least at a representative set of locations. If the STI
is too high (e.g. STI > 0,2), the measurement results are
likely to be erroneous. Then the STIPA measurement should
be carried out without this noise being present. Utilize the
ambient noise correction for such instances.
• At locations with varying conditions (e.g., some public areas
with few people and other areas with crowds) the worstcase STIPA results should be measured. Consult the local
regulations (e.g., the NFPA code in the U.S.) for directives
concerning measurement locations and number of required
STIPA measurements under which circumstances.
Hints: German Standard VDE 0833-4 Requirements
STI > 0.63 One single measurement is sufficient.
STI < 0.63 Perform three subsequent measurements for this
measurement position.
• If the maximum result deviation of these three
measurements is > 0.03 then further three
measurements shall be performed.
• If the maximum result deviation of these measurements is > 0.05 then the cause of this instability shall be evaluated and removed.
• The arithmetic average of the performed three
or six measurements has to be reported.
Utilize the STIPA Reporting Tool for the documentation of your
measurements according the standard.
An STI > 0.63 ensures, that the speech intelligibility is higher
than 0.5 with a confidence level of 95%.
129
STIPA
Hints: CD-Player
• Only high-quality CD-Players should be used to reproduce
the STIPA test signal as only limited time-shifts (+/- 20 ppm)
ensure reliable STIPA test results. Pitch control and shock
protection should be disabled. We recommend that only
professional CD-Players be used. Verify the time shift of the
CD-Player with a 1 kHz test signal:
• Insert the NTi Audio Test CD into the CD-Player and start
track 1, which is the 1 kHz test signal.
• Connect the XL2-TA directly to the audio output and measure the signal frequency in RMS/THD+N mode. The displayed frequency should be in the range from 0.99998
kHz to 1.00002 kHz
• STIPA test signals from other test system manufacturers
may sound similar but are not compatible. Only the NTi Audio STIPA test signal CD V1.1 or higher should be used in
combination with the XL2-TA.
130
Hints: Measurement
• Select typical locations based upon such regulations, or typically position the microphone at 1 - 1.2 meters above ground
in sitting areas or 1.5 - 1.8 meters in standing areas (typical
positions are not directly in front of the speakers).
• The person taking the measurements should be out of the
acoustic field, so as not to affect the measurement results.
For this purpose the measurement microphone can be
mounted on a microphone stand and connected with the
ASD-Cable to the XL2-TA.
• Low STIPA readings can be caused by
• Excessive sound reverberation, echoes or reflections
• Poor speaker directivity or speaker coverage
• Speaker level setting incorrect; e.g. low signal-to-noise
ratio.
Audio Analyzer
6. Audio Analyzer
RMS / THD+N
The XL2-TA offers a comprehensive audio analyzer. Broadband
or wideband measurements are offered by the measurement
functions RMS/THD+N and Oscilloscope.
The XL2-TA Audio and Acoustic Analyzer measures the parameters Level RMS, THD+N and frequency simultaneously.
The following measurement functions offer detailed analysis of
the audio spectrum in Volt, dBu and dBV:
• SLMeter/RTA
• FFT
• 1/12 Oct+Tol (optional)
Just change the measurement unit according your requirements. See the individual chapters for more details.
5
1
2
3
4
In case an NTi Audio measurement microphone
with electronic data sheet is connected, then
the XL2-TA will automatically activate the measurement unit dBSPL (dB) for sound level measurements.
131
Audio Analyzer
1
Filter
Z-Weighting
A-Weighting
Frequency
A-weighting
according
IEC 61672 for low noise levels.
C-Weighting
Frequency
C-weighting
according
IEC 61672 for high noise levels.
HP 100Hz
Highpass 100 Hz, -200 dB/dec.,
maximally flat magnitude filter,
e.g. -60 dB @ 50 Hz
HP 400Hz
Highpass 400 Hz, -120 dB/dec., maximally flat magnitude filter, attenuates
50/60Hz components of test signal
HP 19k
Highpass 19 kHz; e.g., to measure a
20 kHz pilot tone level of a public address
system without disturbing the public.
22.4 - 22.4k
132
Frequency Z-weighting with flat frequency response from 20 Hz to 22 kHz. Default measurement setting.
Bandpass filter 22.4 Hz - 22.4 kHz (IEC
468-4)
2
Level RMS
Measures the absolute level of the input signal. The unit’s
dBu, dBV, V and dBSPL are selectable.
3
THD+N
Measures the total harmonic distortion and noise of the
input signal. The distortion measurement, expressed in dB,
linear or in %, is conducted within the bandwidth 10 Hz 20 kHz.
4
Frequency in Hz
The XL2-TA automatically extracts and measures the frequency of the fundamental signal. The XL2-TA frequency
counter technology even reads the frequency correctly for
heavily distorted signals.
5
Balance Indicator
Indication of the audio signal balance between pin 2 and 3
on the XLR input for input signals > -34 dBu.
The input signal is balanced.
The signal is unbalanced. The level at pin 2 is
higher than at pin 3.
The signal is unbalanced. The level at pin 3 is
higher than at pin 2.
Audio Analyzer
PreNotch Listening
The input signal is audible at the rear speaker or
headphone output.
• Press and hold down the speaker button
 The
PostNotch Listening
The main frequency component is filtered out
by a notch filter, leaving only the remaining signal audible.
.
pop-up window volume is displayed.
• Press the speaker button
ume window.
• Additionally press enter
to display the vol-
 The post notch listening with auto-gain
function is activated. The maximum gain
setting is 0 dB.
e.g. using a 100 Hz sine test signal connected
to the XL2-TA input, with the 100 Hz main frequency filtered by the notch filter, the complete
frequency spectrum is available at the speaker
or headphone output. This feature allows you to
listen to the actual distortion signal. You therefore hear a noise from the speaker even without
any connected inputs signal!
133
Audio Analyzer
Oscilloscope
The scope function visualizes the waveform of the electrical input signal. It automatically triggers to the fundamental frequency and selects the scaling of the X-axis (time) and Y-axis (level)
accordingly. The fundamental, or most dominant, frequency of
the input signals is displayed above the scope screen.
The scope scaling is fixed.
134
Calibration
7. Calibration
The XL2-TA Audio and Acoustic Analyzer meets or exceeds the
specifications listed in the chapter Technical Data.
Instrument Calibration
In order to maintain the high accuracy, annual calibration of the
XL2-TA Analyzer and the measurement microphone is recommended. The calibration service verifies the complete product
specifications, differences to the last calibration and measures
the frequency response of the measurement microphone. To
enquire about calibration service, follow the RMA guide lines
at www.nti-audio.com.
Microphone Sensitivity
NTi Audio’s ASD measurement microphones and the microphone pre-amplifier MA220 include an electronic data sheet.
The Automated Sensor Detection (ASD) of the XL2-TA recognizes the sensitivity and calibration data of the connected microphone. The electronic data sheet, including the microphone
sensitivity, is displayed in the menu Calibrte.
The sound level meter and calibrator should be exposed to the
same environmental conditions prior any calibration for the following recommended periods:
• 10 minutes after a temperature change of 10°C.
• 15 seconds after the static air pressure has changed by
5 kPa.
• 10 minutes after a humidity change of 30% without condensation.
The described calibration method and correction data apply for
the following environmental conditions:
• Temperature: -10 °C to +50 °C
• Static air pressure: 65 kPa to 108 kPa
• Humidity: 25 % to 90 % r.H.
without dew from -10 °C to +39 °C
135
Calibration
1
Phantom Power Supply
48V
The XL2-TA provides 48 V phantom power
supply to the connection microphone or sensor.
ASD
An NTi Audio measurement microphone with
automated sensor detection ASD is connected. The XL2-TA reads the electronic data
sheet of the microphone and switches the
48V phantom power automatically on
48V
Phantom power is switched off.
1
2
3
4
5
6
136
2
Factory Sensitivity
Factory sensitivity of measurement microphone in
mV/Pa. The sensor detection of the XL2-TA reads the sensitivity automatically from the electronic datasheet of the
connected NTi Audio measurement microphone or microphone pre-amplifier.
3
User Calibration
Sensitivity setting with an external calibrator.
Calibration
4
Level of External Calibrator
The reference calibration level is 114 dB. The XL2-TA Supports a level setting between 0 dB and 200 dB.
5
Level Type
6
LZF
Default setting.
LHP100F
Suppressing any low frequency noise, for
example wind during outdoor calibrations.
Electronic Data Sheet of Measurement Microphone
Read out data from the connected microphone.
shows up and changes to Calibration: Successfully finished! for a successfully completed calibration.
 The user calibration is completed.
User Calibration - Manual Sensitivity Setting
In case no external calibration device is available, set the sensitivity of non-NTi Audio microphones manually according to the
product specifications as follows:
• Select Sensitivity 2 with the rotary wheel .
• Press enter
and adjust the sensitivity with the rotary
wheel
in 0.1 mV/Pa steps. The setting range 100 µV/Pa 9.99 V/Pa is supported.
• Confirm with enter .
 The manual user calibration is completed.
User Calibration - With External Precision Calibrator
User-sensitivity setting for measurement microphones with an
external calibrator.
• Turn the rotary wheel
to select the parameter Calibration
Level 4 and press enter .
• Set the calibration level according to the calibrator used.
• Generate the specific reference signal with the calibrator
onto the microphone.
• Turn the rotary wheel
to select the parameter RUN next
to User Calibration 3 and press enter .
• The pop-up window Calibration: Calibration running ...
User Sensitivity
The XL2-TA writes the user-sensitivity setting
onto the electronic data sheet of the connected
NTi Audio measurement microphone or microphone preamplifier. All subsequent measurements automatically utilize this user-sensitivity.
137
Profiles
8. Profiles
Profiles - Getting Started
Profiles are templates of measurement setups. You may define
which profile is loaded at startup, so that the measurements
are carried out always with the same setup and instrument settings.
Activate Profile Selection at Startup
• Select Show profile list 1 in the System menu.
• Press enter
to activate Yes. This will show the profile list
at startup.
A remarkable advantage of the XL2-TA is the flexible user interface. The measurement screens may be personalized and
only a limited subset of the comprehensive functionality enabled to create simplified operator interfaces. Advanced users may access all menus, settings and store their preferred
measurement configurations. For simplicity the XL2-TA Audio
and Acoustic Analyzer offers fixed operator interfaces with
specific pre-defined settings. The XL2-TA can boot up with exactly the required measurement parameters according to the
pre-defined instrument configurations. This ensures accurate
measurements are achieved in both advanced and basic usage
environments.
1
 The profile list is shown next time you power up the XL2TA.
138
Profiles
Preset Measurement Function
Store MyFirstProfile
• Start the XL2-TA Analyzer in Full mode.
• Select the typically-used measurement function and adjust
the measurement parameters according to the requirements.
• Select Profile in the main menu and press enter
.
 The profile menu opens.
For example, measuring the sound levels LAF, LAeq and
LAFmax for 10 seconds:
139
Profiles
• Select Manage and press enter
.
 The Manage Profile menu opens.
Each stored profile includes all settings of all
measurement functions and pages. Only the
following details are not stored:
• Calibration settings
• System settings
• Temperature unit
• Phantom power on/off
140
• Select Save Profile and press enter
.
 The Save Profile menu opens.
• Select Rename and press enter .
• Set the profile name to MyFirstProfile. The maximum name
length is 20 characters.
Profiles
• Select Configure available screens and press enter
.
Select Profile at Startup
• Switch on the XL2-TA
 The profile selection is shown on the display.
• Select additional available pages/measurement functions for
the profile; e.g., RTA
.
• Press escape
to return to the Save Profile screen.
• Set Append mode available: yes in order to have the append data feature available in the memory menu
.
• Select Save and press enter .
 MyFirstProfile is saved in the internal XL2-TA memory.
• Select the profile MyFirstProfile and press enter
.
 The XL2-TA starts up with the pre-configured settings for
sound level monitoring.
141
Profiles
Select Profile during Operation
• Select Profile in the main menu and press enter
 The profile menu opens.
.
Run Measurement
The profile name is displayed when a measurement function
is highlighted. The main menu offers only the measurement
functions enabled by the profile, plus the calibration and profile
menu.
• Press start
.
• Choose Select and load the required profile.
• Wait 10 seconds until the measurement is finished.
• To return to the full mode either switch off the XL2-TA
again or select EXIT Profile in the main menu.
142
Profiles
Export MyFirstProfile to PC
If you have two or more XL2-TA Audio and Acoustic Analyzers,
you may like to transfer the same profiles to the other instruments.
• Select Profile in the main menu and press enter
• Select Manage and press enter .
• Select Export to SD-Card and press enter .
.
 The XL2-TA generates a folder on the SD Card called “Profiles”. All available profiles are exported into this folder.
Import MyFirstProfile from PC
• Connect another XL2-TA to the PC and generate a folder
called “Profiles” on the SD Card.
• Copy the profile called MyFirstProfile into the folder “Profiles”.
• Start up the XL2, select Profile in the main menu and press
enter .
• Select Manage and press enter .
• Select Import from SD-Card and press enter .
 MyFirstProfile is available on the other XL2-TA Analyzer.
• Connect the XL2-TA to the PC.
• Copy/paste the profile called MyFirstProfile to the PC.
If the profile is exported from an XL2-TA Analyzer with activated options to another XL2-TA
Analyzer without options, then these options
have to be hidden prior to storing the profile for
export:
• In the exporting XL2-TA system menu, select
the individual option and toggle with enter
to Hidden.
• Store the profile in the XL2-TA Analyzer.
143
Profiles
The XL2-TA can store up to 20 individual profiles in the internal
system memory and offers three different profile types:
Types
Factory
default
profiles
Description
The XL2-TA includes factory default profiles,
which are marked with “#” in the beginning of
the file name. Sample filename: #DIN15905-5.
prfs
The factory default profiles are a free
download for all registered XL2-TA customers on the support website at
http://my.nti-audio.com. For details see the
chapter My NTi Audio.
For detailed settings of factory default profiles
please see the Appendix 2 in this manual.
User
profiles
144
User profiles are profiles generated by you on
the XL2-TA Analyzer.
Sample filename: MyFirstProfile.prfl
Secured
profiles
Secured profiles are locked user profiles with
overwrite protection indicated by the file name
ending in “xxx.prfs”. This file name cannot be
overwritten.
Sample filename: MyFirstProfile.prfs
How to generate secured profiles
• Export the profiles to SD Card according to
the procedure in the chapter Profile - Getting
Started.
• Connect the XL2-TA to the PC.
• Select the user profile in the folder “Profile”.
• Manually change the ending of the user profile from “xxx.prfl” to “xxx.prfs”
• Disconnect the XL2-TA from the PC.
• Import the profiles from the SD Card
• Power off/on
the XL2-TA Analyzer
 The secured profile is displayed with a locksymbol in the profile selection window on
startup of the XL2-TA.
Capture + Tolerances
9. Spectral Limits Option (Capture + Tolerances)
Capture the EQ Measurement Results
• Select the Capture & Start Tolerance Mode symbol for capturing the measurement result.
The Spectral Limits Option extends the function range of the
XL2-TA with trace capturing, relative curve display and comprehensive tolerance handling for the FFT Analysis and the high
resolution 1/12 Oct + Tol spectral analysis.
Features:
• Capturing of multiple readings into the internal memory
• Comparing measurement results against captures with relative or absolute curve display
• Comprehensive tolerance handling
• Creating tolerance masks based on captures for passed /
failed measurements
• Confirm with enter
.
145
Capture + Tolerances

A pop-up window shows up.

The pop-up window ... and store it to shows up.
• Select Capture EQ.
• Confirm with enter .
• Select C1.
• Confirm with enter
and set the capture name in the displayed letter selection box e.g. to Ref.

The capture has been stored in the internal XL2-TA memory.
146
Capture + Tolerances
Edit Capture Manually
• Select the Capture & Start Tolerance Mode symbol.
• Confirm with enter .
• Select Manage captures.
• Confirm with enter .
• Select Save to SD card.

The pop-up window Save captures shows up.
See the difference between Live Level and Capture
• Blank the upper parameter by setting ----.
• Select the lower parameter with the rotary wheel .
• Confirm with enter .
• Select Live and confirm with enter .

The pop-up window Select reading mode shows up.
• Select the capture to be exported, e.g. C1.

The pop-up window Save capture C1 to shows up.
• Confirm with Save.

The XL2-TA generates the file MyCapture.txt in a new folder called Captures.
• Edit the sound level data in the capture file. You may delete
any unused frequencies. All remaining frequency data has to
remain the same. Any frequency changes will be discarded
by the XL2-TA.
• Load the new capture file with Manage captures back into
the internal XL2-TA memory.
• Select Live - for displaying the relative difference.
• Confirm with enter .
• Select Ref and confirm with enter .
• Set the Y-axis accordingly to show the zero-line.
147
Capture + Tolerances

The relative difference of the Live level compared to the
Start Tolerance Mode for Passed/Failed Measurements
• Select the Capture & Start Tolerance Mode symbol with the
rotary wheel .
captured reference is displayed.
• Confirm with enter
All levels differences (relative levels) are displayed in the unit dBr.
148
.
Capture + Tolerances

A pop-up window shows up.
• Select Start tolerance mode.
• Confirm with enter .

The pop-up window Make tolerance from shows up.
• Select Ref to load the earlier captured reference spectrum.
• Confirm with enter .
You may press the page button
to toggle
between the date and spectral resolution data
of the capture.
149
Capture + Tolerances
Passed Result
1

The
tolerance mode is active for passed/failed measurements.
PASSED
The passed/failed condition is further visualized by the bicolor
“limit” button and forwarded to the I/O interface of the instrument in order to drive an external alarm device such the accessory SPL Stack Light.
2
1
150
3
PASSED / Failed Result
The actual measurement result is within the
tolerance band.
The actual measurement result is outside of
the tolerance band. Exceptions are visualized in any out-of-tolerance frequency band.
2
Tolerance Bandwidth
Adjusts the tolerance bandwidth based on the captured reference spectrum in dB.
3
Level Offset
Provides a level offset in dB to move the tolerance band
up/down.
Capture + Tolerances
Failed Result
The XL2-TA Analyzer compares spectral measurements
against a tolerance band and visualizes exceptions 1 in every
frequency band.
Exit Tolerance Mode
• Select the Capture & Start Tolerance Mode symbol to exit
from the tolerance mode.
1
Select another Tolerance File
• Select the tolerance Ref with the rotary wheel .
• Confirm with enter .
• Select the new tolerance file from the SD Card or the internal
XL2-TA memory.
• Confirm with enter .
• Select Exit tolerance mode.
• Confirm with enter .
151
Capture + Tolerances
Advanced Start Functions
You may start the passed/failed measurement by one of the
following possibilities:
• Press the XL2-TA start button
.
• Activate the automated level trigger in the tolerance file.
• Activate the digital input 1 via the external I/O interface; e.g.
a foot switch or a PLC control.
Digital I/O Interface
Result Passed:
Result Failed:
Start Measurement:
152
Output 1
Output 3
Input 1
Tolerance Management
Tolerance curves can either be imported from txt-files or directly derived from captured measurements. The XL2-TA calculates tolerance bands based on
• Single captured results
• Manually generated txt-files on the PC
• Mean average of multiple captures
• Min/Max curves of multiple captures
Create Tolerance Files Manually on PC
• Capture a spectrum on the XL2-TA Analyzer.
• Enter the tolerance mode and generate a tolerance band for
the capture.
• Select the Capture & Start Tolerance Mode symbol.
• Confirm with enter .
• Select Save tol. to SD Card to export the capture tolerance
file. This file includes the reference capture and the tolerance
data. The XL2-TA generates a txt-file in the folder “Tolerances”.
• Open the capture tolerance file with a text editor or MS Excel.
• Edit the tolerance data according your requirements. You
may delete any unused frequencies. All remaining frequency
data has to remain the same. Any frequency changes will be
Capture + Tolerances
discarded by the XL2-TA.
• Store your individual tolerance file as txt-file in the XL2-TA
folder “Tolerances”.
• Start the XL2-TA tolerance mode and load the new tolerance
file from the SD Card.
#Unit
dBr
#Mode
HighLow
#Columns
Frequency
• All entries in the customized tolerance file
need to be tab-separated.
• The individual tolerance file entries may be in
any order; no sequential order required.
• Tolerance file templates and standardized tolerance files are a free download for all registered XL2-TA customers on the support website at http://my.nti-audio.com. For details see
the chapter My NTi Audio in this manual.
Min
Ideal
Max
#ATolerances
UNDEF
80
undef
90
#ZTolerances
UNDEF
80
undef
90
#BandTolerances
20
1000
1000
4000
4000
20000
70
70
73
73
70
70
undef
undef
undef
undef
undef
undef
80
80
77
77
80
80
#LevelOffset
0
#HideUnusedBands
false
#nAllowedViolations
0
153
Capture + Tolerances
#Unit
dBr (relative), fixed setting
#ZTolerances
Defines the tolerance band for the
Z-weighted wideband level (not mandatory).
#Mode
Describes tolerance type; the XL2-TA allows
setting of the tolerance type independently of
the tolerance file.
#Band
Tolerances
• Defines the tolerance band for the individual
frequencies.
• The ideal parameter can be set as “undef”.
• The same frequency value on two successive rows defines a tolerance step, e.g.:
HighLow
Utilizes upper and lower tolerance based on ideal reference.
High
Utilizes only upper tolerance
based on ideal reference.
Low
Utilizes only lower tolerance
based on ideal reference.
#Columns
Column headings for further tolerance data
separated in different columns:
Frequency - Min - Ideal - Max
#ATolerances
Defines the tolerance band for the
A-weighted wideband level (not mandatory).
#CTolerances
Defines the tolerance band for the
C-weighted wideband level (not mandatory).
154
#LevelOffset
Frequency
Min
Ideal
Max
100
70
75
80
500
70
75
80
500
75
80
90
1000
75
80
90
All levels in the tolerance file are relative levels
dBr. Thus the level offset provides the relation
between the relative level and actual sound
pressure level. (not mandatory)
The XL2-TA allows setting of the level offset
independently of the tolerance file.
Capture + Tolerances
#Hide
This parameter defines which tolerance freUnusedBands quency range is shown. (not mandatory)
#nAllowed
Violations
#FreqScale
Spacing
Defines the frequency scale spacing in the Xaxis for the tolerance data. (not mandatory)
True
Measurement results of frequency bands without any
specified tolerance are not displayed.
lin
Tolerance data displayed with
linear frequency spacing, e.g.
used in the FFT function. (default setting)
False
The measurement result of all
frequency bands are shown.
log
Tolerance data displayed with
logarithmic frequency spacing
e.g. used in the 1/12 Oct + Tol
function.
Allows a PASSED result with a maximum
number of n failed frequency bands (not mandatory)
#AutoStart
Enables auto start function. (not mandatory)
True
Auto start is active. The run indication displays A. The measurement starts automatically after
the trigger level is reached.
Alternatively the measurement
may start manually by pressing
start
.
False
No auto start function. (default
setting)
155
Capture + Tolerances
#AutoStartTrig- Sets the sound level in dBZ for an automated
gerLevel
level trigger; the passed/failed measurement
starts as soon as the set level e.g. 95 dB is
reached or exceeded. The actual input level
can be monitored at the input range bar. (mandatory if #AutoStart is True used otherwise
not mandatory)
#AutoStartSet- Defines the settling time, after the auto start
tlingTime
trigger level is exceeded, until the start of the
measurement; the time is set in 100 millisecond steps e.g. setting 0.5 equals a settling
time of 0.5 seconds. If the input level drops
below the auto start trigger level during this
period, no measurement is carried out. (not
mandatory)
#MeasTime
156
Defines the measurement time in 100 millisecond steps; e.g. setting 1.5 equals a measurement period of 1.5 seconds. (not mandatory)
System Settings
10. System Settings
The various system settings of the instrument can be adjusted
as follows: Turn the rotary wheel
to navigate to the main
menu 1 and select System. Confirm with enter .
Display Contrast Setting
• Hold down escape
and turn the rotary wheel
desired contrast is reached.
2
Settings
1
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
2
3
Page Selector
Toggles with the page button
Set
System setting
Inf
System information
Sch
Scheduler
until the
between
Auto power off
If no button has been pressed for the defined time period,
then the instrument switches off.
• Select Auto power off with the rotary wheel .
• Confirm with enter .
• Set the auto power off time with the rotary wheel
• Confirm with enter .
.
The auto power off mode is disabled when a measurement is running or when an external mains power supply
is used.
157
System Settings
4
Backlight
Toggle the backlight with the power/backlight button
The backlight offers three different conditions:
• On
• Dimmed
• Off
Auto On/Off
The backlight switches off if no key is
pressed for 2 minutes.
Auto
On/Dimmed
The backlight dims if no key is pressed
for 2 minutes.
Manual
The backlight can be toggled between
On, Dimmed and Off.
5
.
Set the real-time clock as follows:
• Select the Date function 5 with the rotary wheel
• Confirm with enter .
• Set the date with the rotary wheel .
• Confirm each setting with enter .
• Follow the same procedure for Time.
Dimming the backlight reduces the power
consumption.
158
.
 You have set the real-time clock.
6
• Navigate the cursor to the backlight function.
• Toggle with enter
to set this parameter.
Date (yyyy:mm:dd) and Time (hh:mm:ss)
The XL2-TA includes a real-time clock. All measurements
are logged with a date and time stamp.
Show Profile List
You may configure the XL2-TA to start up with individual
preset application profiles. For example, sound level monitoring in accordance with DIN 15905 or SLV.
Yes
The instrument starts up with default application
profiles. Further details about the application profiles are in the chapter Profiles.
No
The instrument starts up in the last configuration
without any application profiles.
System Settings
7
Phantom Power
You can select if the phantom power should be activated or
disabled when the XL2-TA is powered up.
Off
Remember
8
9
The phantom power is switched off when
the XL2-TA is powered up. Useful, for example, when it is common to measure
lines.
USB Mode
The following setting defines how the PC recognizes the
connected XL2:
Ask on
connect
Select either the Mass storage or COM port
mode after connecting the XL2-TA to the PC.
Mass
storage
The PC recognizes the XL2-TA as a mass
storage device automatically, allowing you to
download XL2-TA measurement reports.
COM
port
The PC recognizes the XL2-TA as a COM port
automatically for application of the XL2 Projector and the Remote Measurement Option.
The XL2-TA remembers the setting prior
to the last shutdown. (= default setting)
Speaker
Enables/disables the rear speaker. For example, it is recommended that the rear speaker be disabled for all acoustic
measurements. This prevents measuring the audio feedback sound loop generated through the rear speaker.
10
Decimal Separator
Set the decimal separator to match the generated measurement reports to the PC settings. This simplifies data
post-processing on the PC.
• Navigate to the Dec. Separator function 8 with the rotary wheel .
• Toggle between “ . ” and “ , ” with enter
to set this
parameter.
 The decimal separator is set.
159
System Settings
Information
11
11
Firmware
Displays of the firmware version number 11 (to update the
firmware to the latest version see the chapter Firmware
Update of XL2-TA.
12
Serial Number
Displays the instrument’s serial number
12
13
13
12 .
Options
Displays the options installed on the XL2-TA.
Every installed option may be temporarily Hidden to generate a profile for other XL2s without this option installed.
• Select the installed option.
• Toggle with enter
to set this parameter.
160
System Settings
Scheduler
1
2
3
4
5
The XL2-TA Analyzer offers automated scheduled measurements without any human interaction. You may schedule a
measurement for one or multiple days.
XL2-TA Actions after pressing Start Schedule
• Selects the preset measurement function.
• Standby until start time
• Starts measurement at start time
• Stops measurement after the preset measurement duration
• Stores measurement data to SD Card (no reconfirmation required)
• Stops schedule or standby until next start time.
6
7
Supported measurement functions:
• SLMeter/RTA
• FFT + Tol
• RT60
• 1/12 Oct + Tol
• STIPA
161
System Settings
1
2
Function
Select the measurement functions for the scheduled measurements.
Start Date and Time
Set the date for the scheduled measurement(s):
• Select Start with the rotary wheel .
• Confirm with enter .
• Set the date with the rotary wheel .
• Confirm each setting with enter .
Set the time for the scheduled measurement:
• Select the T symbol to the right of the date with the rotary wheel .
• Confirm with enter .
• Set the time with the rotary wheel .
• Confirm each setting with enter .
3
162
Duration
Set the duration of the scheduled measurement(s).
4
Recurrence
Off
Schedules a single measurement.
On
Schedules a sequence of measurements with the
same start and end time times for the selected
week days
5
Days
Select the week days for the recurrence
6
End
Set the number of occurrences of the scheduled measurement. Each single measurement is one occurrence.
System Settings
7
Start Schedule
Starts the scheduled measurement(s).
 The Scheduler active window is displayed.
Scheduling - Getting Started
After starting the scheduled measurement, the XL2-TA waits
for the next scheduled start date and time. The instrument buttons are disabled.
Power Supply
It is recommended that the instrument remains powered on
until the next start time, using the accessory mains power
adapter. If the XL2-TA is powered off and on again during this
time, then the XL2-TA Analyzer restarts in the Scheduler function and continuous the countdown. This applies also for any
interruption of mains power supply.
Stopping the Schedule
Press and hold the escape button
to stop the schedule.
Operation with PC
Starting the schedule switches the USB interface automatically
into the COM port mode for remote measurement applications
or using the XL2 Projector software.
163
Data Management
11.Data Management
1
Create New Project Folder
Add a new folder with an individual project name. The maximum length of the project name is 16 characters. A fast
way for creating new folder names is
• Select an existing folder name with DIR
• Select NEW
• Rename the folder and confirm with start
, thereby
creating a new folder name.
2
Select Project Folder
An overview of all existing project folders is shown. Select
a folder to store the results of the measurements.
3
Project Folder Name
All measurements are stored in this project folder.
4
Naming+Saving
Setting of auto or manual data file naming and saving
The XL2-TA stores all acquired measurement data including
real-time information onto the removable SD Card. Additionally,
wav-files might be recorded and individual voice notes added
for a complete documentation of the measurement.
• Carry out a sound level measurement.
• Select the memory menu
in the upper menu bar.
• Press enter . The memory menu opens.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
auto
The results are named and stored automatically in the selected project folder.
manual
The question mark shows up in the upper
menu bar
upon the completed measurement. You can choose to individually name
and store each single measurement.
9
10
164
Data Management
5
Save Test
Stores the measurement in the selected project folder.
6
Save Screenshot
Stores the XL2-TA screen in the selected project folder.
7
Load Test
Loads back previously stored result data from the SD Card
for detailed examination on the instrument screen.
8
Append Mode
The append mode stores one or more results into the same
data file, simplifying data analysis and handling on the PC.
Application example:
The speech intelligibility STIPA shall be measured at various locations in the same venue. The append mode allows
you to store all individual measurement results into one
single data file.
9
Free Memory
Displays the remaining available memory on the SD Card.
10
Write Cache (available with Extended Acoustic Pack)
A low Write Cache level indicates a good performing SD Card. The optional Extended Acoustic Pack with
simultaneous 100ms logging and linear wav-file recording
result in a high data volume written onto the SD Card. Some
non-original SD Cards may cause OVLD performance, thus
loose some measurement data. Verify the Write Cache of
your SD Card during your measurements. Subsequently an
original SD Card shall be used. We recommend SD Cards
of the manufacturers SanDisk and Transcend.
Original SD Cards ensure that all measurement
data and audio wav-files are stored in good order on the SD Card. Non-original SD Cards may
lead to low performance or error messages.
Order information: see chapter Accessories.
In case the SD Card is full, you can insert the
original spare SD Card into the XL2-TA and
continue with the measurements. The XL2-TA
generates the projects and system folders automatically.
165
Data Management
Memory Structure of SD Card
1
Measurement Data - Getting Started
Enable Data Logging
• Select the Log page in the sound level meter function and
set the logging parameters; e.g., as follows:
2
3
1
Projects
The folder Projects contains subfolders with the stored
measurement results. The default subfolder name is
“MyProject”. You can create further individual subfolders.
2
XL2-TA.htm
This file opens the XL2-TA instrument status page, with
• Serial Number, Firmware
• Installed Options
as well serves for online
• Firmware updates
• Activation of options
3
166
XL2_SYS
The XL2-TA system folder contains a file with serial number, firmware version and installed options.
 The data logging is enabled. The sound pressure level is
logged each second.
Data Management
Select Parameters for Measurement Report
• Select the Rep page in the sound level meter function and
set the parameters as follows:
Complete the Measurement
• Press page
to return to the numeric result page.
• Press start
. The sound level measurement is now running.
• Press stop
to complete the sound level measurement.
 The
memory question mark
shows up in the upper
menu bar after the completed measurement.
167
Data Management
Open the Memory Menu
• Select the memory menu
confirm with enter .
Select File Name
with the rotary wheel
and
 The memory menu opens with “Save Test” pre-selected.
• Press enter
to confirm Save Test.
 The pop-up window Save Test shows up.
168
• Select the user part of the file name. The maximum length of
the user part is 12 characters. The right part “_SLM_001” is
defined by the XL2-TA to avoid overwriting of existing measurements, whereby “SLM” is the appendix for the measurement function and “001” is an automatically-incrementing number.
Data Management
Record Voice Notes
Save Measurement Data Manually
Voice notes are recorded speech annotations for each stored
measurement. The XL2-TA utilizes the internal voice note microphone for the recording.
• Select Record Voicenote and press enter
.
• Select SAVE and confirm with enter
.
 The measurement data including test configurations and all
log files are stored on the SD Card.
• Select REC and press enter .
• Record the voice note and press enter

The voice note has been recorded.
to finish.
Overwrite File
Tick off Automatic Numbering to store actual
measurement results for later overwriting with
new results.
169
Data Management
Save Screenshot
• Select the memory menu
confirm with enter .
with the rotary wheel
and
 The memory menu opens.
• Select Save Screenshot and press enter .
• Select the file name and confirm SAVE with enter
 The screenshot is saved to the SD Card.
170
.
Name + Save Measurement Data Automatically
You may configure the XL2-TA to store results automatically to
the SD Card upon completion of the measurement, by applying
the Naming+Saving: auto function. This is particularly useful for
longer measurements, such as sound level monitoring spanning
several hours. The default file name is the actual date.
• Select Naming+Saving in the memory menu and press enter
to confirm Naming+Saving: auto.
Data Management
Measurement Data Logging:
If the battery runs empty while you are measuring with logging and/or repeated-reporting
enabled, the XL2-TA creates the folder RESTORE_AFTER_POWERFAIL and stores the
measurement data up until the switch-off time.
The next time you switch on the XL2, the following window informs you that this data exists. Click OK:
View Project Folder on the PC
• Connect the XL2-TA with the USB cable to the PC.
 The pop-up window USB Mode shows up.
• Select Mass Storage and confirm with enter
.
The files may contain invalid data at the end of
the file, which you may delete to create a valid
report.
171
Data Management
 The PC recognizes the XL2-TA as a mass storage device.
Overview of Measurement Data Files
The following SD Card content is shown:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
• Open the folder “Projects” and the subfolder “MyProject”.
 All stored measurement data files are shown.
If the XL2-TA is started with USB connection
to PC, then the COM port mode is automatically activated for remote measurement or the
XL2 Projector software. Therefore, if you want
to access the data in the SD Card, then start the
XL2-TA first and connect the USB cable to the
PC afterwards.
172
1
Test System File
System file for use by XL2-TA only. It contains the measurement data and test configuration of the last measurement
cycle for later reload and view of measurement results in
the XL2-TA.
2
Sound Level Log File
The XL2-TA logs sound levels in pre-defined log time intervals. For more details please see the chapter Sound Level
Meter: Logging.
Data Management
3
Measurement Report File
Final report after the completed measurement. For more
details please see the chapter Sound Level Meter: Reporting.
4
Wav-File
The wav-file is the recorded audio file. The index
“FS133.0dB(PK)” in file name represents the full scale
peak level of the recorded wav-file. For more details please
see the chapter Sound Level Meter: Wav-File Recording.
5
RTA Log File
The XL2-TA logs the detailed real-time analyzer spectra
in pre-defined time intervals. For more details please see
chapter Sound Level Meter: Logging.
6
Voice Note
A voice annotation can be recorded for each stored measurement or screenshot. For more details please see the
chapter Data Management: Voice Notes.
7
Screenshot
Picture of the actual XL2-TA display.
Transfer Measurement Data to PC
• Drag and drop the required data files to the PC.
Card Reader
Alternatively the SD Card can be inserted into
a card reader. This offers a faster data transfer
from the SD Card to the PC.
Additional Data Files using Repeat Mode
For sound level measurements with timer mode
Repeat or Repeat Synchronized the following
additional data files are generated:
• MyTest_SLM_000_123_Report_Rep.txt
• MyTest_SLM_000_RTA_Report_Rep.txt
Common xxx_Report.txt files contain the measurement data of the last measurement cycle.
The xxx_Report_Rep.txt file contains the results
of all measurement cycles in the Repeat or Repeat Synchronized mode.
Microsoft Excel
The generated .txt files are best viewed on the
PC using “Open with” -> Microsoft Excel.
173
Data Management
Report File Format
File name: e.g. MyTest_SLM_000_123_Report.txt
Log File Format
File name: e.g. MyTest_SLM_000_123_Log.txt
XL2 Broadband Logging
---------------------
MyProjects\MyTest_SLM_000_123_Log.txt
XL2 Sound Level Meter Broadband Reporting
-----------------------------------------
# Hardware Configuration
XL2, SNo. A2A-02673-D1, FW2.20
Device Info:
Mic Type:
NTi Audio M4260, S/N: 1486, User calibrated 2011-04-05 13:56
Mic Sensitivity: 27.3 mV/Pa
# Measurement Setup
Timer mode:
Timer set:
Log-Interval:
k1:
k2:
kset Date:
Range:
# Time
Start:
End:
# Hardware Configuration
XL2, SNo. A2A-02673-D1, FW2.20
Device Info:
Mic Type:
NTi Audio M4260, S/N: 1486, User calibrated 2010-11-05 13:56
Mic Sensitivity:
27.3 mV/Pa
continuous
--:--:-00:00:01
0.0 dB
0.0 dB
k-Values not measured
30 - 130 dB
# Measurement Setup
Append mode:
Timer mode:
Timer set:
k1:
k2:
kset Date:
Range:
2011-05-15, 17:44:06
2011-05-15, 17:44:16
# Broadband Results
Start
Date
[YYYY-MM-DD]
15.11.2010
# Broadband LOG Results
Date
Time
[YYYY-MM-DD] [hh:mm:ss]
15.11.2010
17:44:07
15.11.2010
17:44:08
15.11.2010
17:44:09
15.11.2010
17:44:10
15.11.2010
17:44:11
15.11.2010
17:44:12
15.11.2010
17:44:13
15.11.2010
17:44:14
15.11.2010
17:44:15
15.11.2010
17:44:16
15.11.2010
17:44:16
Timer
[hh:mm:ss]
00:00:01
00:00:02
00:00:03
00:00:04
00:00:05
00:00:06
00:00:07
00:00:08
00:00:09
00:00:10
00:00:10
# Broadband LOG Results over whole log period
15.11.2010
17:44:16
00:00:10
LAeq_dt
[dB]
97.0
85.8
73.8
79.0
72.6
67.3
91.2
92.7
79.3
78.0
50.9
89.3
LAeq
[dB]
97.0
94.3
92.5
91.4
90.4
89.6
89.9
90.4
89.9
89.5
89.3
89.3
LAFmax_dt LCPKmax_dt
[dB]
[dB]
102.4
119.0
91.9
105.7
85.2
102.4
85.3
103.9
75.9
94.8
71.4
87.3
95.3
112.3
97.1
113.2
81.6
97.9
82.5
98.1
67.4
79.9
102.4
119
Level LAeq_dt “delta t”
Level of actual logging interval. e.g. Logging
interval = 1 second, then LAeq_dt is the time
averaged level of the past 1 second
174
MyProjects\MyTest_SLM_000_123_Report.txt
OFF
continuous
--:--:-0.0 dB
0.0 dB
k-Values not measured
30 - 130 dB
Time
[hh:mm:ss]
17:44:06
Stop
Date
[YYYY-MM-DD]
15.11.2010
Time
[hh:mm:ss]
17:44:16
LAeq
[dB]
89.3
LCPKmax
[dB]
119.0
Data Post-Processing
A Microsoft Excel form generating an automated sound level
measurement report and chart is available as a free download
for all registered XL2-TA customers on the support website at
http://my.nti-audio.com. (Enable all macros when opening the
document.)
Data Management
Recall Measurements
The straight-forward but powerful Load Test and Save Test
functions serve the dual purpose of conveniently retrieving
standard test setups for repeat testing and also of saving
stored result data for later recall and examination on screen.
Load Test
• Select the memory menu
confirm with enter .
with the rotary wheel
and
 The memory menu opens.
The following measurement functions support the recall function:
• SLMeter, sound level meter
• FFT Analysis
• RT60, reverberation time
• STIPA, speech intelligibility measurement
175
Data Management
Select File Name
• Select Load Test and confirm with enter
View Measurement Data
.
 The pop-up window Load Test shows up.
 The previously stored measurement data is displayed.
1
• Select the project folder and stored data file name with
DIR.
• Select LOAD, confirm with enter .
The run indication 1 shows the pause symbol.
You may continue with the measurements directly, e.g., choose the measurement function,
setup parameters and press start
.
176
Data Management
Append Measurements
The append mode stores the results of several individual measurements into the same data file, thus simplifying measurement result analysis and data handling on the PC.
The following measurement functions support the append
mode:
• SLMeter, sound level meter
• STIPA, speech intelligibility measurement
Start the Append Mode
• Select SLMeter and preselect the sound level LAeq.
• Select the memory menu
with the rotary wheel
confirm with enter .
and
 The memory menu opens.
• Select Start Append Mode and confirm with enter
.
Application example:
The sound level LAeq shall be measured at various locations in
the same venue hall using a pink noise test signal. The append
mode allows to store all individual measurement results into
one single data file.
Backup the stored measurement data from the
XL2-TA to the PC daily. This prevents any data
loss if data has been deleted from the SD Card
by mistake.
 The Start Append Mode window opens.
177
Data Management
Select Filename
• Select the user part of the file name. The maximum length of
the user part is 12 characters. The right part “_SLM_001” is
defined by the XL2-TA to avoid overwriting of existing measurements, whereby “SLM” is the appendix for the measurement function and “001” is an automatically-incrementing number.
• Select START and confirm with enter .
 The append mode is available.
178
Take Measurement Results
• Measure the sound level LAeq on the first position.
• Select the memory menu and Append Data.
In append mode, the XL2-TA does not store:
• Log files
• Wav-files
• Repeated report files generated in timer
mode repeat and repeat synchronized.
Data Management
Store Measurement Results
 The pop-up window Append Data shows up.
• Select the location ID and measurement ID, thus each measurement result is stored with an individual description for
later documentation.
• Select Append with the rotary wheel
and confirm with
enter .
Append Further Measurement Results
• Move to the next location in the room, carry out the measurement and follow the described append data procedure.
Exit Append Mode
• Open the memory menu
.
• Select Exit Append after adding the last measurement.
Auto Append
Alternatively the XL2-TA can append measurement data to the same report file automatically.
• Start the Append mode and set Auto Append
is ON in the memory menu or in the pop-up
window Start Append Mode.
Skip Append Data
If you select SKIP in the Append Data window,
then no measurement data is appended to the
report file.
 The measurement data is stored on the SD Card.
179
Data Management
Append After Power Up
You can continue to add measurement results into the same
data file at any time later.
Recall Previous Measurements for Append
Any previously stored measurement with the remark for append can be recalled and further test records appended.
• Store the measurements in the append mode and switch the
XL2-TA off and on again .
• Select Load Test and press enter .
• Select the project folder and stored data file name.
• Select LOAD confirm with enter .
 The pop-up window Continue append shows up.
• Select Yes and continue adding measurement results to the
same report file in the append mode.
180
 The pop-up window Load for Append shows up.
• Select Continue and add further measurements to the same
report file in the append mode.
Data Management
181
XL2 Data Explorer
12. XL2 Data Explorer (optional)
XL2 Data Explorer is a PC-based software application with a
powerful data processor for easy and fast analysis of sound level measurement data. It is dedicated to acoustic consultants
and noise measurement professionals. XL2 Data Explorer provides a convenient way to view, analyze and manage data and
quickly creates customized reports.
Features of the XL2 Data Explorer software:
• Data visualization
• Fast zoom and pan
• Audio playback synchronized to graph
• Markers with on-the-fly calculations
• Visualization of recorded events
• Customized Reporting
Download the software at the XL2 Support Page
http://my.nti-audio.com.
The data import requires the Data Explorer
Option installed on the XL2-TA.
182
Technical PC Requirements
Supported operating systems:
• Windows XP SP3
• Windows Vista SP1 or later
• Windows 7, 8
Hardware requirements:
• Pentium 1 GHz or higher with 512 MB RAM or more
• Minimum free disk space: 2 GB
• Video board with shader model 3.0 or higher
• GPU with DirectX9.0 c
XL2 Data Explorer
183
XL2 Projector
13. XL2 Projector Software
The XL2 Projector displays the XL2-TA screen in real-time on
your PC when connected by USB. The software toolbar enables
control of the XL2-TA Audio and Acoustic Analyzer with the
mouse and keyboard. XL2 Projector software is a free download
for all registered XL2-TA customers on the support website at
http://my.nti-audio.com.
The XL2 Projector background color synchronizes with the
XL2-TA limit button color
.
USB Communication
The XL2 Projector uses the USB connection in
COM port mode.
184
Installation instruction:
• Disconnect the XL2-TA Analyzer from the PC.
• Register your XL2-TA and download the XL2 Projector software from the XL2 Support Page on
http://my.nti-audio.com.
• Unzip the file “XL2 Projector Setup Vxx.zip“ on your PC.
• Start the software installation and follow the instructions
including driver installation.
• Start the XL2 Projector software.
• Start the XL2-TA Analyzer and connect it to the PC.
 The pop-up window USB Mode shows up.
XL2 Projector
• Select COM port on the XL2-TA. Microsoft Windows may
recognize the new hardware automatically and start the
hardware installation assistant.
• If prompted, select “No connection to Windows Update”
and continue with the installation.
• Complete the installation.
 XL2 Projector displays the instrument screen in real-time.
Features
• The upper window bar displays the XL2-TA serial number.
• The menu bar supports remote instrument operation of the
XL2-TA Analyzer from your PC.
• All data stored on the SD Card can be accessed directly from
the XL2 Projector software. Complete your measurements
and click on the SD Card symbol.
For more details and features click the ? symbol
on the XL2 Projector Software.
185
Remote Measurement
14. Monitoring Network
15. Remote Measurement
Multiple XL2-TA Analyzers connect with USB Device Servers
to a network for online monitoring of noise or other signals.
An instance of the Projector Software may be started for each
XL2-TA Analyzer, with all XL2-TA screens being simultaneously
displayed on the PC monitor. The Projector Software offers the
control of each XL2-TA Analyzer from your PC.
The XL2-TA Analyzer offers an optional remote measurement
function. This allows querying the XL2-TA measurement data
online via the USB interface. Thus customers may program
their own measurement application on the computer, e.g. for
sound level monitoring or automated measurement tasks. The
supported XL2-TA measurement functions are
• Sound level meter and spectrum analyzer SLMeter/RTA
• Audio analyzer RMS/THD+N
The commands are send in ASCII format through the virtual
COM port to the XL2-TA Audio and Acoustic Analyzer.
Example:
• Command set send to XL2-TA Analyzer:
INIT START
MEAS:INIT
MEAS:SLM:123? LAF
• Result returned to PC:
53.8 dB,OK
For more details you may download the individual Remote
Measurement Reference Manual at www.nti-audio.com/XL2.
Please contact NTi Audio for application details.
186
Order information NTi Audio #: 600 000 339
Microphones
16.Microphones
NTi Audio Microphone Overview
M2230
M2211
M2215
M4260
MA220
PreAmplifier
Certified Class 1
measurement
microphone according
to IEC 61672.
Metal diaphragm.
General purpose
measurement
microphone.
Class 1 frequency
response.
Metal diaphragm.
Measurement
microphone
for high sound levels
(up to 153 dB).
Class 1 frequency
response.
Metal diaphragm.
Cost-effective class 2
measurement
microphone for general
sound level testing,
commissioning and
service of audioacoustic installations.
Microphone
preamplifier
compatible with
1/2” pre-polarized
capsules.
187
Microphones
Screen connection used for
ASD technology
2
2
XLR M
Pin 2 +
Pin 3 Pin 1 Shield
3
3
Integrated Preamplifier
The microphone bodies contain a preamplifier and require
48 VDC phantom power supply for operation. They combine
high dynamic range and wide frequency range with low noise.
The measurement microphones can also be connected to the
XL2-TA Audio and Acoustic Analyzer using an ASD Cable for
measurements at remote locations or for reduction of acoustic
reflections.
Electronic Data Sheet
The microphones include an electronic data sheet. The Automated Sensor Detection (ASD) of the XL2-TA Analyzer automatically reads this data, i.e. the microphone model and calibration data. This promotes faster setup and ensures accurate
measurements.
1
1
The plug-on measurement microphones combined with the
XL2-TA Analyzer form a comprehensive sound level meter and
acoustic analyzer. The microphones are 48 VDC phantom-powered and include an electronic data sheet.
Microphone
2
3
1
ASD
Microphone
Capsule
Pin 1
Pin 2
Pin 3
XLR M
Connection diagram of measurement microphones
with electronic data sheet
188
Microphones
Microphone plugs directly into the XL2
The XL2-TA automatically reads the electronic data sheet of
the connected microphone as follows:
• Connect the measurement microphone to the XL2-TA.
• Switch on the XL2-TA.
Microphone Connection via a professional Audio Cable
For distances longer than 20 meter (= 65 feet) use a high quality, low capacitance standard professional audio cable. The microphone sensitivity has to be entered manually into the XL2TA Analyzer.
 The XL2-TA reads the electronic data sheet of the connect-
Alternatively connect the microphone first directly to the Analyzer. The XL2-TA reads the sensitivity and remembers this
value. Afterwards connect the audio cable.
ed microphone during a brief initialization process prior to
the first measurement.
Microphone Connection via the ASD Cable
The NTi Audio measurement microphones can be connected
to the XL2-TA Analyzer using an ASD Cable for measurements
at remote locations or for reducing acoustic reflections. The
electronic data sheet is transmitted via the XLR connector’s
housing. Do not touch this during the brief initialization period to ensure the complete data sheet is recognized by the
XL2-TA. The automated sensor detection does not disturb any
measurements. You may join up to 4x ASD Cables together in
series. The ASD technology supports accurate data communication up to a combined cable length of 20 meters (= 65 feet).
• Use the microphone for the intended
purpose only.
• Protect the microphone from contamination
by always using the supplied windscreen.
• Never use the microphone in a damp or wet
environment.
• Do not jar or drop the microphone.
• Do not remove the microphone protective grid.
• Do not touch the microphone membrane.
• Remove the black dust cap of the 1/2”
measurement microphones prior to use.
189
Further Information
17.Further Information
My NTi Audio
Register your instruments at My NTi Audio and benefit from
the following possibilities:
• Free updates for your instruments
• Activation of optional product functions
• Premium access to downloads
• Receive application and product news
• Faster worldwide support
• Tracing support in case of loss or theft
• Calibration support
190
How to Register
• Open the web page “http://my.nti-audio.com”.
• You are prompted to login or create your My NTi Audio
account.
• The web page “My NTi Audio Products” opens.
• Select the product type and enter the serial number.
• Confirm with “Register”.
• Now your product is listed in the table “My Products“.
 Congratulations, your NTi Audio product is registered.
Further Information
Tips and Troubleshooting
Overview
• Resetting to Factory Default
• XL2-TA Starts Up with Limited Functions
• Can I use another SD Card?
• Formatting the SD Card
• SD Card Errors
• Error messages on display
• Stored Data or Wav-files not available on SD Card
Resetting to Factory Default
If the XL2-TA Audio and Acoustic Analyzer reacts unexpectedly,
a reset to the factory settings might solve the problem.
• Switch off the XL2-TA
• Hold down escape
.
.
and simultaneously operate On/Off
 The reset confirmation is displayed.
XL2-TA Starts Up with Limited Functions
The XL2-TA has been operated the last time in one of the simplified application profiles and the system settings have been
changed as follows: Select Profile from Yes to No.
• Follow the above resetting to factory default.
 The XL2-TA will start up with full functionality.
Can I use another SD Card?
Yes, you can use any alternative SD Card, such as offered in the
chapter Further Information: Accessories.
• Switch off the XL2-TA .
• Insert the SD Card into the XL2-TA Analyzer.
• Switch on the XL2-TA .
 The XL2-TA writes the data structure automatically to the
inserted SD Card.
Formatting the SD Card
In case you need to format the SD Card, then we recommend
doing so utilizing the software SDFormatter. This software ensures the best performance of your SD Card. SDFormatter is a
free download at www.sdcard.org/downloads.
191
Further Information
SD Card Errors
The XL2-TA Audio and Acoustic Analyzer writes measurement
data automatically onto the SD Card during ongoing measurements, thus a functioning SD Card has to be inserted at all
times.
Error Messages
Missing SD-Card
Actions to do
Insert the SD Card.
SD-Card is not FAT Format the SD Card on the PC. Follow
formatted
the instructions at Formatting the SC
Card in this chapter.
SD-Card is full
The memory of the SD Card is full.
Download all data to the PC and empty the SD Card.
Other Error Messages on Display
In case any other error message is shown on the XL2-TA display, then kindly report the full error message back to NTi Audio. Your feedback supports the developments of the instrument. Thank you.
192
Stored Data or Wav-files not available on SD Card
The file system might be corrupted.
• On the PC, right-click on the “NTi Audio XL2” drive, select
“Properties” and click “Check Now” as shown below.
• Thereafter all stored data should be available again.
Further Information
Firmware Update
You will find information about the installed firmware version in the systems settings of the instrument. The firmware revision history is listed on the XL2 Support Page
http://my.nti-audio.com.
Updating the firmware on the XL2-TA is executed by placing
the XL2Vxxx.xx file in the root directory of the XL2-TA. When
started, the XL2-TA automatically completes the firmware update.
Firmware update with XL2-TA in hand, PC online:
• Start the XL2-TA and connect it to the PC.
• The XL2-TA displays the pop-up window USB Mode.
• Select Mass storage. The PC thus recognizes the XL2-TA as
a mass storage device.
• Double-click the file XL2-TA.htm 1 . The web screen “XL2TA Instrument Status“ opens.
• Select “Look for FW Updates“. The web screen “XL2 Support Page“ opens.
• Compare the firmware version to the latest version available.
• If an update is required, download and save the firmware
file XL2Vxxx.xx into the XL2-TA root directory.
• Remove the USB cable and power up the XL2-TA .
• Watch the display and wait until the update is finished.
1
1
XL2-TA.htm
This file opens the XL2-TA instrument status page, for online
• Firmware updates
• Activation of options
No PC available
If you have no web access at all, please contact the local NTi
Audio partner. You will receive the new firmware file.
193
Further Information
Options and Accessories
The System menu shows the installed options on the XL2-TA.
The following options extend the measurement functions of
the XL2:
Speech Intelligibility STIPA
NTi Audio #: 600 000 338
The XL2-TA Analyzer measures the speech intelligibility according to the latest revision of standard IEC 60268-16:2011
(edition 4) and older editions. It includes ambient noise correction and automated averaging of measurements. The XL2-TA
displays the measurement results as STI or as CIS results, accompanied by the individual levels and modulation indices of
the seven octave bands.
The measurement results are acquired from the dedicated
STIPA test signal source:
• NTi Audio TalkBox, acoustic signal generator
required for audio systems with voice microphones, thus
measuring the complete signal chain
• Minirator MR-PRO, test signal generator
required for audio systems with line inputs
• STIPA Test CD (included)
194
Extended Acoustic Pack
NTi Audio #: 600 000 339
The Extended Acoustic Pack offers the following additional features for sound level- and acoustic measurements.
• SLMeter/RTA function
-- Recording of linear wav-files (24 bit, 48 kHz)
-- Percentiles for wide band and spectrum with flexible setting from 1% to 99%
-- Sound Exposure Level LAE
-- 100ms logging
-- Event-triggered audio and data recording
-- Time weighting: Impulse (LxI, LxIeq with x= A, C, Z)
-- True peak level in 1/1 and 1/3 octave resolution
-- Clock-Impulse Maximum Level (TaktMax) and values as
specified in DIN 45645-1
• FFT function
-- High-resolution Zoom-FFT with selectable frequency
ranges and resolution up to 0.4 Hz in the range of 5 Hz to
20 kHz
• RT60 function
-- Reverberation time RT60 in 1/3 octave resolution
Further Information
Remote Measurement Option
NTi Audio #: 600 000 375
The Remote Measurement Option allows querying of the XL2TA measurement data online via the USB interface. Thus customers may program their own measurement application on
the computer, e.g. for sound level monitoring or automated
measurement tasks.
Spectral Limits Option
NTi Audio #: 600 000 376
The Spectral Limits Option extends the XL2-TA function range
with noise curves, trace capturing, relative curve display and
comprehensive tolerance handling for the FFT Analysis and the
new high resolution RTA with spectral resolutions up to 1/12th
octave.
The supported XL2-TA measurement functions are
• Sound level meter and spectrum analyzer SLMeter/RTA
• Audio analyzer RMS/THD+N
• FFT and 1/12 octave function
-- Capturing of multiple readings into the internal memory
-- Comparing measurement results against captures with
relative or absolute curve display
-- Comprehensive tolerance handling with tolerance masks
based on captures for passed/failed measurements
• 1/12 octave function
-- High resolution RTA function 1/12 Oct + Tol
-- Selectable 1/1, 1/3, 1/6 and 1/12 octave resolution
-- Frequency band listening at rear speaker
• FFT function
High-resolution Zoom-FFT with selectable frequency ranges
and resolution up to 0.4 Hz in the range of 5 Hz to 20 kHz
• SLMeter/RTA function
True peak level in 1/1 and 1/3 octave resolution
• Noise Curves
In accordance with ANSI S12.2-2008, -1995 and ISO 1996
195
Further Information
Type Approval Option
NTi Audio #: 600 000 377
XL2 Data Explorer Option
NTi Audio #: 600 000 430
The Type Approval Option upgrades the instrument to the
XL2-TA, the sound level meter dedicated to certified measurements. The XL2-TA with the M2230 microphone forms a type
approved sound level meter offering class 1 performance in
accordance with IEC61672 and type 1 in accordance with
ANSI S1.4.
The Data Explorer Option enables the import of measurement
data into the XL2 Data Explorer software, a PC-based software
application with a powerful data processor for easy and fast
analysis of sound level measurement data.
The Type Approval Option includes
• XL2-TA Firmware V2.71 (approved Firmware)
• Sticker XL2-TA
• XL2-TA Manual (available online at www.nti-audio.com/XL2)
How do I get my XL2-TA ready for accreditation?
• Install the Type Approval Option on the XL2 and apply the
XL2-TA sticker on top of the XL2 label on the display.
• Download the dedicated firmware V2.71 for accreditation
from
the „XL2
Support
Page“
of
http://my.nti-audio.com“ to your XL2-TA sound level meter.
• After the firmware installation, the XL2-TA starts with a popup window “XL2 Type Approved SLM/RTA“.The sound level
meter functions SLM/RTA are now certified to meet the Class
1 sound level meter requirements. The XL2-TA indicates this
function as SLM TA or SLM/RTA Type Approved.
196
Visualize, analyze and control millions of data points with this
tool that is dedicated to acoustic consultants and noise measurement professionals. It provides a convenient way to view
and manage your data and quickly create customized reports.
Features of the XL2 Data Explorer software:
• Data visualization
• Fast zoom and pan
• Audio playback synchronized to graph
• Markers with on-the-fly calculations
• Visualization of recorded events
• Customized Reporting
Further Information
Cinema Meter Option
NTi Audio #: 600 000 379
The Cinema Meter Option forms the dedicated solution
for efficient calibration and repetitive verification of cinema
loudspeaker systems according SMPTE ST 202:2010 and
SMPTE RP 200:2012. An interactive assistant guides the user
through dedicated measurement procedures.
• Create new cinema
Generates measurement templates according the cinema
size with dedicated X-curve selection.
• Calibrate cinema
Calibration menu for reference data recording of each channel as well as headroom tests and averaging measurement
results of different microphone positions
• Verify Cinema
Verification menu for periodical cinema measurements and
comparison against the reference data
• Lock into Verify Mode
Locks the XL2-TA Analyzer in the Verify Cinema mode. After
powering off the instruments starts up directly in the Verify
Mode again. The user may unlock the instrument anytime.
• View verification results
Displays measurement deviations of periodical measurement against reference data.
• Exit
Returns back to other XL2-TA measurement functions.
The Cinema Meter Option includes the Spectral Limits Option. In case you have the Spectral Limits Options already
installed, then just go for the Cinema Assistant Option,
NTi Audio #: 600 000 378, which will provide you the Cinema
Meter functionality in cooperation with the previous installed
Spectral Limits Option.
197
Further Information
Installation of Options
1.
3.
2.
PC
Power On XL2
Mass storage
6.
5.
4.
1.
Open XL2-TA.htm
198
Activate option
Login
(http://my.nti-audio.com)
Further Information
8.
7.
Insert License number
Get Activation Key
9.
10.
Download activation file and copy to XL2-TA (xx_0xxxx.txt)
199
Further Information
Accessories
Calibration
Certificate
Manufacturer Calibration Certificate
The calibration certificate lists the individual product data with serial number. The
calibration and adjustment procedures
follow the documentation and traceability
requirements of the EN ISO / IEC 17025
standard. Annual re-calibration of the instrument is recommended ensuring accurate measurements.
NTi Audio # 600 000 018
Ever-ready Pouch
The Ever-ready Pouch protects the XL2TA during transport and operation. With
its convenient belt-clip, the XL2-TA can
be kept close-by for those tasks requiring
both hands. The Ever-ready Pouch allows
operation of the XL2-TA while fitted in the
pouch.
NTi Audio #: 600 000 335
Mains Power Adapter
Mains Power Adapter the XL2-TA Audio
and Acoustic Analyzer with removable
plug types. The Mains Power Adapter
suits the typical power sockets in Australia, China, Europe, Japan, US and UK.
NTi Audio #: 600 000 333
Spare Li-Po Battery
Rechargeable spare battery for portable
measurements at any time.
NTi Audio #: 600 000 337
48V -> ICP® Adapter
Connects to the XL2-TA and generates
ICP power supply for alternative microphones or sensors.
Specifications:
(@ sensor sensitivity = 50 mV/Pa and output impedance < 100 Ohm)
• Residual Noise Floor typical: 17 dB(A)
• Maximum SPL: 140 dB
NTi Audio #: 600 010 223
ICP® is a registered trademark of PCB Piezotronics.
200
Further Information
ASD Cable
The ASD Cable allows for extended connections of the NTi Audio measurement
microphones. It supports the transfer of
the electronic data sheet from the microphone to the XL2-TA Analyzer. You may
chain up to 4x ASD Cables together in
tandem.
Length = 5 meter (16 feet)
NTi Audio #: 600 000 336
Exel System Case
This compact system case provides the
professional transport protection for work
in the field. It offers space for the handheld instruments, cables and connectors.
NTi Audio #: 600 000 334
XL2-TA Mounting Adapter
This mechanical adapter piece mounts the
XL2-TA on a microphone stand. Adapters
for 3/8” or 5/8” stands are included.
NTi Audio #: 600 000 372
Battery Charger
The Battery Charger efficiently recharges
the spare battery whilst you are using
your XL2-TA Audio and Acoustic Analyzer.
One spare Li-Po battery is included with
the battery charger.
NTi Audio #: 600 000 332
I/O
Digital I/O Adapter PCB
The Digital I/O Adapter serves to control
external peripheral devices, such as indicating sound levels that exceed limits on
a big external red-orange-green lamp. It
connects to the digital I/O interface.
NTi Audio #: 600 000 380
XL2-TA Input Keypad
The XL2-TA Input Keypad offers four
marker keys to trigger an event recording
or categorize any noise during measurements.
Requires the optional Extended Acoustic
Pack.
NTi Audio #: 600 000 384
201
Further Information
Stack Light with I/O Adapter Box
The XL2-TA Audio and Acoustic Analyzer
controls the external Stack Light via the
Digital I/O Adapter Box. The light has
three lamp sections, colored green, orange and red.
Applications:
• Sound level monitoring at live events or
clubs
The Stack Light shows orange for sound
levels near the limit and red at levels exceeding the limits.
• Industrial noise pollution monitoring
• Passed / Failed measurements
(requires XL2-TA Spectral Limits Option)
NTi Audio #
Stack Light: 600 000 382
Digital I/O Adapter Box: 600 000 381
Precision Calibrator 94/114 dB, Class 1
The precision calibrator is used to ensure
accurate sound level measurements. It
generates 94 or 114 dBSPL reference
tones @ 1kHz for calibration of 1/2” and
1/4” measurement microphones.
NTi Audio #: 600 000 390
Weather Protection for Microphone
Protect your M2230 microphone from
wind, rain and perching birds with this
professional outdoor microphone protection kit. Ideal for semi-permanent, unsupervised outdoor installations.
Features
• IEC 61672 class 1, ANSI S1.4 Type 1
• Compliant for 0° and 90°
sound incidence
• Non-corrosive material
• 3/8” Tripod Mount
• Supplied in a protective case
NTi Audio # 600 040 060
202
Further Information
XL2 Data Explorer Software
XL2 Data Explorer is a PC-based software application with a powerful data
processor for easy and fast analysis of
sound level measurement data. The data
import requires the Data Explorer Option installed on the XL2-TA. Download
the software at the XL2 Support Page
http://my.nti-audio.com.
89.4 dBA
85.3 dBLeq
XL2 Projector Software
The XL2 Projector displays the XL2-TA
screen in real-time on your PC when connected by USB. Free download at the XL2
Support Page http://my.nti-audio.com.
Minirator MR-PRO
The MR-PRO is an extremely powerful
analog audio generator designed for the
professional engineer. It generates the
following analog audio signals:
• Sine Waveforms, freely selectable frequencies and levels up to +18 dBu
• Sweep Signals, any frequency interval
up to 1/12 octave
• White Noise, Pink Noise
• Polarity Test Signal
• Delay Test Signal
• Uploaded wav-files (*.wav)
NTi Audio #: 600 000 310
NTi Audio TalkBox
The NTi Audio TalkBox greatly simplifies
the acoustic feed of the STIPA intelligibility test source signal into closed sound
reinforcement systems. It presents the
standardized voice-like acoustic signal
emission simulating a human talker in accordance with IEC 60268-16, combined
with a certified speech intelligibility signal
at standardized levels.
NTi Audio #: 600 000 085
203
Further Information
4 GB SD Card (default)
1x included with XL2
NTi Audio #: 600 000 374
16 GB SD Card
Individually tested high performance card
for data storage.
NTi Audio #: 600 000 385
32 GB SD Card
Individually tested high performance card
for data storage.
NTi Audio #: 600 000 386
Warranty Conditions
International warranty
NTi Audio guarantees the function of its products and the individual components for a period of one year from the date
of sale. During this period, defective products will either be
repaired free of charge or replaced.
Limitations
These guarantee provisions do not cover damage caused by accidents, transportation, incorrect use, carelessness, non-original accessories, the loss of parts, operation with non-specified
input voltages, adapter types or incorrectly inserted batteries.
NTi Audio accepts no responsibility for subsequent damage of
any kind. The warranty will be voided by carrying out repairs
or services by third parties who are not part of an approved
NTi Audio Service Centre.
Statutory Rights
Consumers may have legal (statutory) rights under applicable
national laws relating to the sale of consumer products. This
warranty does not affect your statutory rights. You may assert
any legal rights you have at your sole discretion.
204
Further Information
Calibration Certificate
Service and Repairs
Your NTi Audio instrument has been carefully tested during
production and corresponds to the specifications listed in
“Technical Data”. Calibration certificates for new products are
optional.
If your product is not functioning correctly or is damaged,
please contact the local NTi Audio partner for assistance. If
the product needs to be returned for service, kindly follow the
service guidelines at www.nti-audio.com/service.
NTi Audio recommends annual calibration of the products after the purchase. The calibration provides documented and
traceable measurement accuracy and confirms that your
NTi Audio product meets or exceeds the published specifications. The calibration and adjustment procedures follow the
documentation and traceability requirements of the standard
EN ISO / IEC 17025.
For calibrations kindly follow the service guidelines at
www.nti-audio.com/service.
Damage through shocks and moisture
• The protective shock jacket shields the instrument against reasonable impacts that could
occur in normal use.
• Do not intentionally subject the instrument to
extreme stress!
• Please do not drop the instrument!
• Damage caused by dropping or impact is not
covered by warranty.
• Do not use the instrument in damp environments! The instrument can be permanently
damaged if exposed to moisture.
205
Further Information
Declaration of Conformity
Information for Disposal and Recycling
CE / FCC Compliance Statement
We, the manufacturer
NTi Audio AG
Im alten Riet 102,9494 Schaan
Liechtenstein, Europe
do hereby declare that the XL2-TA Analyzer, the measurement
microphones M2230, M2211, M2215, M4260, the preamplifier
MA220 and accessories, comply with the following standards
or other standard documents:
• EMC: 2004/108/EG
• Harmonized standards: EN 61326-1
• Explosive atmospheres (ATEX): 94/9/EG
This declaration will become invalid if modifications to the
instrument are carried out without the written approval of
NTi Audio.
Date: 1. February 2013
Signature:
Position: Technical Director
206
Dispose of the instrument in accordance with
the legal environmental regulations in the
country.
Regulations for the EU and other European countries
with corresponding laws
The instrument must not be disposed of in the household garbage. At the end of its service life, bring the instrument to a
collecting point for electrical recycling in accordance with the
local legal regulations.
Other countries outside the EU
Contact the respective authorities for the valid environmental
regulations in the country.
Specifications
18.Technical Data XL2-TA
Conforms
with Standards
••IEC 61672, IEC 60651, IEC 60804,
IEC 61260 class 0, ISO 2969
••China: GB/T 3785:2010, GB/T 3241, GB 3096-2008,
GB 50526, GB-T_4959-1995
••Germany: DIN 15905-5, DIN 45645-2, optional: DIN
45645-1
••Japan: JIS C1509-1:2005, JIS C 1513 class 1, JIS C
1514 class 0
••Switzerland: SLV
••US: ANSI S1.4, ANSI S1.43, ANSI S1.11-2004 class 1
••International IEC standards are adopted as European
standards and the letters IEC are replaced by EN.
XL2-TA conforms to these EN standards.
Details
••Measurement bandwidth (-3dB): 4.4 Hz - 23.6 kHz
••Level resolution: 0.1 dB
••Internal noise: 1.3 µV A-Weighted
Weighting
••Frequency weighting: A, C, Z (simultaneous)
••Time weighting: Fast, Slow, optional: Impulse
(simultaneous)
Measurement
Ranges with
different
microphones
••XL2-TA +M2230: 17 dB(A) - 138 dB
••XL2-TA +M2215: 25 dB(A) - 153 dB
••XL2-TA +M2211: 21 dB(A) - 144 dB
••XL2-TA +M4260: 29 dB(A) - 144 dB
Linear Measurement
Range acc.
IEC61672 /
ANSI S1.4
••XL2-TA +M2230: 24 dB(A) - 138 dB
27 dB(C) - 138 dB
••XL2-TA +M2215: 33 dB(A) - 153 dB
••XL2-TA +M2211: 29 dB(A) - 144 dB
••XL2-TA +M4260: 35 dB(A) - 144 dB
@ typical microphone sensitivity
Sound Level Meter
Product Con- ••XL2-TA, M2230 microphone and
figurations
ASD Cable forms an integrating sound level meter
Class 1
with type approval
Type 1
»»Class 1 in accordance with IEC 61672
»»Type 1 in accordance with ANSI S1.4
••XL2-TA with M2230 microphone
»»Class 1 in accordance with IEC 61672
»»Type 1 in accordance with ANSI S1.4
••XL2-TA with M2211, M2215 microphone
»»Class 1 frequency response in accordance with
IEC 61672
»»Type 1 frequency response in accordance with
ANSI S1.4
These specifications apply for operation with the
microphone detached using the ASD cable. This prevents possible acoustic reflections from the XL2-TA
housing and ensures a high measurement accuracy
in accordance with the standards IEC 61672 and
ANSI S1.4.
Product Con- ••XL2-TA with M4260 microphone
figurations
»»Class 2 in accordance with IEC 61672
Class 2
»»Type 2 in accordance with ANSI S1.4
Type 2
207
Specifications
Stabilization
Time
< 10 seconds
Integration
Time
••Minimum: 1 second
••Maximum: 100 hours minus 1 second
Display
Measurement
Ranges
Three level ranges depending on the microphone
sensitivity with manual setting.
••M2230 @ sensitivity = 42 mV/Pa
»»LOW, lower level range: 0 - 100 dBSPL
»»MID, mid-level range: 20 - 120 dBSPL
»»HIGH, upper level range: 40 - 140 dBSPL
••M2211 @ sensitivity = 20 mV/Pa
»»LOW, lower level range: 10 - 110 dBSPL
»»MID, mid-level range: 30 - 130 dBSPL
»»HIGH, upper level range: 50 - 150 dBSPL
••M2215 @ sensitivity = 8 mV/Pa
»»LOW, lower level range: 20 - 120 dBSPL
»»MID, mid-level range: 40 - 140 dBSPL
»»HIGH, upper level range: 60 - 160 dBSPL
••M4260 @ sensitivity = 26 mV/Pa
»»LOW, lower level range: 10 - 110 dBSPL
»»MID, mid-level range: 30 - 130 dBSPL
»»HIGH, upper level range: 50 - 150 dBSPL
208
Residual
noise in [dB]
@S=
42 mV/Pa
of XL2-TA
without
measurement
microphone
••Frequency weighting A
Level range
Leq
Lpeak
LOW
4
17
MID
18
31
HIGH
43
55
••Frequency weighting C
Level range
Leq
Lpeak
3
16
MID
17
30
HIGH
41
55
LOW
••Frequency weighting Z
Level range
Leq
Lpeak
LOW
7
20
MID
21
34
HIGH
46
58
Specifications
Measurements
••SPL actual, Leq, Lmin, Lmax, LCpeak
••Gliding LAeq with selectable time window from
five seconds to one hour
••All measurement results simultaneously available
••Correction value measurement wizard
••Noise exposure level LEX with post-processing
••Logging all data or subsets in selectable intervals
••Recording of wav-files (ADPCM), a new wav-file
starts every 12 hours (max. wav-file size 512 MB)
••Recording of voice notes
••Monitoring of sound levels that exceed limits
••Digital I/O interface for external peripherals control
Real-Time
Analyzer
RTA
••1/1 octave band: 8 Hz - 16 kHz
••1/3 octave band: 6.3 Hz - 20 kHz
••Level resolution: 0.1 dB
••Measurement Units: Volt, dBu, dBV and dBSPL
••Band pass filters (base 2) conform with IEC 61260
class 1, ANSI S1.11-2004, class 1
••Wide band levels simultaneously
••Frequency weighting: X-Curve in accordance with
ISO 2969
••Capturing of a single reading into the internal
memory for comparative measurements
Remote
Measurement
(optional)
••Querying measurement data online via the USB
interface
Data Explorer
(optional)
••Enables the import of measurement data into the
XL2 Data Explorer software
••Powerful data processor for easy and fast analysis
of sound level measurement data on PC
Functions of
Extended
Acoustic
Pack
(optional)
••SLMeter/RTA function
»»Recording of linear wav-files (24 bit, 48 kHz)
»»Percentiles for wide band, 1/1 and 1/3 octave
spectrum
-- Flexible setting from 1% to 99%
-- Sampling: every 1.3 ms
-- Wide band: in 0.1 dB wide classes, based on
sampling Lxy (x= A, C or Z, y= F, S or EQ1”)
-- 1/1 and 1/3 octave spectrum: in 1.0 dB wide
classes, based on Lxy (x= A, C or Z, y= F or S)
-- Dynamic range: 140 dB
»»Sound Exposure Level LAE
»»100ms logging
»»Event-triggered audio and data recording
»»Time weighting: Impulse
(LxI, LxIeq with x= A, C, Z)
»»True peak level in 1/1 and 1/3 octave resolution
»»Clock-Impulse Maximum Level (TaktMax) and
values as specified in DIN 45645-1
••FFT function
»»High-resolution Zoom-FFT with selectable frequency ranges and resolution up to 0.4 Hz in the
range of 5 Hz to 20 kHz
••RT60 function
»»Reverberation time RT60 in 1/3 octave resolution
209
Specifications
Functions of
Spectral
Limits
Option
(optional)
210
••SLMeter/RTA function
»»True peak level in 1/1 and 1/3 octave resolution
••FFT function
»»High-resolution Zoom-FFT with selectable frequency ranges and resolution up to 0.4 Hz in the
range of 5 Hz to 20 kHz
••1/12 octave function
»»High resolution RTA function “1/12 Oct + Tol”
»»Selectable 1/1, 1/3, 1/6 and 1/12 octave spectral
resolution
»»Frequency band listening at rear speaker
••FFT and 1/12 octave function
»»Capturing of multiple readings into the internal
memory
»»Comparing measurement results against captures with relative or absolute curve display
»»Comprehensive tolerance handling with tolerance masks based on captures for passed/failed
measurements
»»Export and import of tolerance and capture files
••Noise Curves
»»Noise Rating NR in accordance with ISO 1996
»»Noise Criteria NC
in accordance with ANSI S12.2-2008 and -1995
»»Room Noise Criteria RNC
in accordance with ANSI S12.2-2008
»»Room Criteria RC
in accordance with ANSI S12.2-1995
»»Preferred Noise Criteria
in accordance with ASA 1971
Acoustic Analyzer
FFT Analysis
••Real-time FFT with actual level, Leq, Lmin, Lmax
••Level resolution: 0.1 dB
••Ranges: 7 Hz - 215 Hz, 58 Hz - 1.72 kHz,
484 Hz - 20.5 kHz with 142 frequency bins shown
on display
••Measurement Units: Volt, dBu, dBV and dBSPL
••Optional: High-resolution Zoom-FFT with selectable frequency ranges and resolution up to 0.4 Hz
in the range of 5 Hz to 20 kHz
••Optional: Capture and tolerance function with multiple readings for comparative measurements and
passed/failed analysis
Reverberation
Time RT60
••1/1 octave bands results from 63 Hz - 8 kHz,
based on T20
••Optional: 1/3 octave bands results from
50 Hz - 10 kHz, based on T20
••Range: 10 ms - 14 seconds
••Measurement in accordance with ISO 3382 using
Schroeder-method
••Test signal: Impulse source or gated pink noise
generated by the MR-PRO, MR2 or the included
NTi Audio Test CD
Delay Time
••Propagation delay between electrical reference
signal and acoustic signal using the internal microphone
••Range: 0 ms - 1 second (0 m - 344 m)
••Resolution: 0.1 ms
••Test signal: NTi Audio delay test signal generated
by the MR-PRO, MR2 or the included NTi Audio
Test CD
Specifications
Polarity
Noise
Curves
••Checks polarity of speakers and line signals
••Positive/Negative detection of wideband and
individual 1/1 octave bands through internal microphone or XLR/RCA connector
••Test signal: NTi Audio polarity test signal generated by the MR-PRO, MR2 or the included NTi
Audio Test CD
••Noise Rating NR in accordance with ISO 1996
••Noise Criteria NC
in accordance with ANSI S12.2-2008 and -1995
••Room Noise Criteria RNC
in accordance with ANSI S12.2-2008
••Room Criteria RC
in accordance with ANSI S12.2-1995
••Preferred Noise Criteria
in accordance with ASA 1971
Cinema
Meter
(optional)
••Measurements in 1/3 octave resolution according
SMPTE ST 202:2010 and SMPTE RP 200:2012
••An interactive assistant guides the user through
dedicated measurement procedures.
STIPA
Speech
Intelligibility
(optional)
••Single value STI and CIS test result in accordance
with IEC 60268-16, ISO 7240-16,
ISO 7240-19, DIN VDE 0828-1, DIN VDE 0833-4
••Ambient noise correction
••Automated averaging of measurements
••Modulation indices and individual band level results with error indicator
••Test signal: NTi Audio STIPA signal generated by
the MR-PRO, NTi Audio TalkBox or the STIPA Test
CD
••Application range of measurement microphones:
»»M2230: down to NC15
»»M2211: down to NC15
»»M4260: down to NC27
1/12 Octave
Analysis
(optional)
••Actual level, Leq, Lmin, Lmax
••Selectable 1/1, 1/3, 1/6 and 1/12 octave spectral
resolution
••Measurement Units: Volt, dBu, dBV and dBSPL
••Capturing of multiple readings into the internal
memory
••Comparing measurement results against captures
with relative or absolute curve display
••Comprehensive tolerance handling
••Creating tolerance masks based on captures for
passed/failed measurements
211
Specifications
Audio Analyzer
Level RMS
••True RMS detection in V, dBu, dBV and dBSPL
••Range XLR/RCA input: 2 µV - 25 V (-112 dBu to
+30 dBu)
••Accuracy: ± 0.5 % @ 1 kHz,
••Flatness: ± 0.1 dB @ 12 Hz to 21.3 kHz
••Bandwidth (-3 dB): 5 Hz to 23.6 kHz
••Resolution: 3 digits (dB scale),5 digits (linear scale)
or 6 digits (x1 scale)
Real-Time
Analyzer
RTA
Following measurement functions offer audio spectrum in Volt, dBu and dBV
••Sound Level Meter
••FFT
••1/12 Octave (optional)
Frequency
••Range: 9 Hz to 21.3 kHz
••Resolution: 6 digits
••Accuracy: < ± 0.003%
THD+N
(Total Harmonic
Distortion +
Noise)
••Range: -100 dB to 0 dB (0.001% to 100%)
••Minimum level: > -90 dBu
••Fundamental frequency range: 10 Hz to 21.3 kHz
••Measurement bandwidth: 2 Hz to 23.6 kHz
••Resolution: 3 digits (dB scale) or 4 digits (linear
scale)
••Residual THD+N @ XLR/RCA input: < 2 µV
Scope
Auto ranging, auto scaling
Filter
••Frequency weighting: A, C, Z
••Highpass 100Hz, 400 Hz, 19 kHz,
••Bandpass 22.4 Hz - 22.4 kHz in accordance with
IEC468-4
212
Remote
Measurement
(optional)
••Querying measurement data online via the USB
interface
Input / Output Interfaces
Audio Inputs
••XLR balanced with input impedance = 200 kOhm,
phantom power: +48 V switchable, automated
sensor detection for NTi Audio’s ASD measurement microphones and pre-amplifier MA220
••RCA unbalanced with input impedance >30 kOhm
••Built-in condenser microphone for polarity testing,
delay measurements and voice note recording
Audio
Outputs
••Built-in speaker
••Headphone connector 3.5 mm Minijack Stereo
USB Interface
USB mini connector for data transfer to PC, XL2
Projector and/or charging of Li-Po battery
Digital I/O
Connection interface to accessories
••XL2-TA Input Keypad
••Digital I/O Adapter Box
••Digital I/O Adapter PCB
TOSLink
24 bit linear PCM audio signal output
(prepared for later firmware extension)
Memory
SD Card included (4 GByte), removable, storing
measurement data in ASCII format, screen shots,
voice notes and wav-files
Specifications
Power
Supply
••Rechargeable Li-Po battery included
»»Type 3.7 V / 2260 mAh
»»Typical battery lifetime > 4 hours
»»Range: 3.3 - 4.5 VDC
••Dry cell batteries type AA, 4 x 1.5 V
»»Typical battery lifetime > 4 hours
»»Range: 3.7 - 6.0 VDC
••Linear external power supply 9 VDC
»»Range: 7.5 - 23.0 VDC @ minimum 6 Watt
»»Charges Li-Po battery during operation
••USB-Power Supply
General
Clock
Real-time clock with lithium backup battery
Calibration
••Recommended calibration interval: one year
••Microphone calibration with external calibrator
supported
••Optional calibration certificate for new instruments
available
Mechanics
••Tripod or microphone stand mount 1/4”
••Wire stand mounted on rear side
••Display: 160 x 160 pixels grey scale with LED back
light
••Dimensions (L x W x H)
»»180 mm x 90 mm x 45 mm
»»7.1” x 3.5” x 1.8”
••Weight: 480 g (1 lb) including built-in Li-Po battery
Temperature
-10 °C to +50 °C (14° to 122°F)
Humidity
5% to 90% RH, non-condensing
Susceptibility to radio
frequencies
Classification Group X
Electromagnetic Compatibility
CE compliant:
EN 61326-1 Class B, EN 55011 class B
EN 61000-4-2 to -6 & -11
Protection
Rating
IP51
ATEX
••For applications in explosive atmospheres within
zone 2 in accordance with IEC 60079
••Conforms to 94/9/EC
All specifications are according the standard IEC61672. Other
applicable standards are listed the corresponding specification
position.
213
Specifications
19.Technical Data Microphones
M2230
Class 1 Certified
Microphone Type
Classification according
IEC 61672 and ANSI S1.4
M2211
Frequency Response
Class 1
Class 1 / Type 1
Certified
Frequency Response
Class 1 / Type 1
1/4” permanently installed
MA220
-
±1 dB @ 5 Hz - 20 Hz
±1 dB @ 20 Hz - 4 kHz
±1.5 dB @ 4 kHz - 10 kHz
±2 dB @ 10 kHz - 16 kHz
±3 dB @ 16 kHz - 20 kHz
+1/-4.5 dB @ 5 Hz - 20 Hz
±1.5 dB @ 20 Hz - 4 kHz
±3 dB @ 4 kHz - 10 kHz
±4.5 dB @ 10 kHz - 16 kHz
±5 dB @ 16 kHz - 20 kHz
Flatness tolerance bands
typical
Frequency Range
Sensitivity typical @ 1 kHz
Temperature Coefficient
Temperature Range
214
Class 2 / Type 2
1/2” detachable with 60UNS2 thread,
type WS2F according IEC 61094-4
PreAmplifier Type
Maximum SPL
@ THD 3%, 1 kHz
M4260
Class 2
Omnidirectional, pre-polarized condenser,
free field microphone
Capsule / Transducer
Residual Noise Floor typical
M2215
High SPL
Frequency Response
Class 1
5 Hz - 20 kHz
16 dB(A)
21 dB(A)
25 dB(A)
29 dB(A)
139 dBSPL
144 dBSPL
153 dBSPL
144 dBSPL
-27.5 dBV/Pa ±2 dB
(42 mV/Pa)
-34 dBV/Pa ±3 dB
(20 mV/Pa)
-42 dBV/Pa ±3 dB
(8 mV/Pa)
-31.7 dBV/Pa ±3 dB
(26 mV/Pa)
< -0.01 dB / °C
< ±0.015 dB / °C
-10°C to +50°C
(14°F to 122°F)
< ±0.02 dB / °C
0°C to +40°C
(32°F to 104°F)
Specifications
M2230
Class 1 Certified
Pressure Coefficient
-0.005 dB / kPa
Influence of Humidity
(non-condensing)
-0.02 dB / kPa
-0.04 dB / kPa
< ±0.4 dB
> 250 years / dB
-
NTi Audio ASD in accordance with IEEE P1451.4 V1.0, Class 2, Template 27
Output Impedance
100 Ohm balanced
Power Supply
48 VDC phantom power, 3 mA typical
Connector
Balanced 3-pole XLR
Diameter Dimensions
20.5 mm (0.8”)
154 mm (6.1”)
Weight
NTi Audio #
M4260
Class 2
5% to 90% RH, non-condensing
Long Term Stability
Length Dimensions
M2215
High SPL
Frequency Response
Class 1
< ±0.05 dB
Humidity
Electronic Data Sheet
M2211
Frequency Response
Class 1
150 mm (5.9”)
100 g, 3.53 oz
600 040 050
600 040 022
83 g, 2.93 oz
600 040 045
600 040 025
215
Specifications
Typical Frequency Response of Measurement Microphones
M4260
M2230, M2211,
M2210, M2215
8
Tolerance
Class 1, IEC61672-1
6
Sensitivity relative [dB]
4
2
0
-2
-4
Tolerance
Class 2, IEC61672-1
-6
-8
5
10
10
20
100
100
log frequency [Hz]
1000
1000
(free field conditions @ reference direction 0°)
216
10000
10000
20000
Specifications
Linear Measurement Range
acc. IEC61672 / ANSI S1.4
(typ. microphone sensitivity)
XL2-TA + M2230: 24 dB(A) - 138 dB
XL2-TA + M2211: 29 dB(A) - 144 dB
XL2-TA + M4260: 35 dB(A) - 144 dB
217
Specifications
Free Field - Pressure Field
Correction Factors
218
Nominal
Frequency
[Hz]
M2230
Microphone
[dB]
M2211
Microphone
[dB]
M2215
Microphone
[dB]
50
63
80
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
100
125
160
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
200
250
315
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
400
500
630
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
800
1000
1250
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
1600
2000
2500
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.1
0.2
0.6
3150
4000
5000
0.8
1.0
1.5
1.1
1.7
2.2
0.7
1.2
2.1
6300
8000
10000
2.2
3.3
4.6
3.3
4.2
5.4
3.0
3.9
3.7
12500
16000
20000
6.5
8.0
9.0
7.3
9.2
11.0
6.7
9.0
10.6
Specifications
Diffuse Field Correction Factors
Nominal
Frequency
[Hz]
M2230
Microphone
[dB]
50
63
80
0.0
0.0
0.0
100
125
160
0.0
0.0
0.0
200
250
315
0.0
0.0
0.0
400
500
630
0.0
0.0
0.0
800
1000
1250
0.1
0.1
0.1
1600
2000
2500
0.2
0.4
0.5
3150
4000
5000
0.5
1.1
1.7
6300
8000
10000
1.9
2.6
3.3
12500
16000
20000
4.8
6.1
8.9
219
Specifications
20. Technical Data PreAmplifier
MA220 PreAmplifier
Microphone PreAmplifier
Compatible with 1/2” microphone capsules type WS2F in accordance with IEC61094-4
Frequency Range
4 Hz - 100 kHz
Residual Noise Floor typical
Frequency Response Flatness
1.6 mV(A) at C_in 18pF ≙ 12 dBA @ 20 mV/Pa
Phase Linearity
< 1° @ 20 Hz - 20 kHz
Maximum Output Voltage
Electronic Data Sheet
21 Vpp ≙ 7.4 Vrms ≙ 145 dBSPL @ 20 mV/Pa, THD 3%, 1 kHz
Impedance
Input: 20 GOhm // 0.26 pF, Output: 100 Ohm balanced
Power Supply
48 VDC phantom power, 3 mA typical
Attenuation
< 0.17 dB (Rphantom 2x 6.8 kOhm)
Connector
Balanced 3-pole XLR
Thread for Capsule
60 UNS2
Weight
90 g, 3.17 oz
Dimensions
Length 142.5 mm (5.6”), diameter 20.5 mm (0.8”)
Temperature Range
-10°C to +50°C (14°F to 122°F)
Humidity
5% to 90% RH, non-condensing
NTi Audio #
600 040 040
±0.2 dB
••Containing user calibration data
••Default factory sensitivity = 4.9 V/Pa
••Read/write by XL2-TA Audio and Acoustic Analyzer
••NTi Audio ASD in accordance with IEEE P1451.4 V1.0, Class 2, Template 27
The product specifications may vary based on the mounted microphone capsule type.
220
Specifications
Appendix
Appendix 1: Standard - Optional Features
Standard Features
Optional
Sound Level Meter
Frequency Weighting
Sound Level Meter
Time weighting
• Extended Acoustic Pack:
Impulse
Sound Exposure Level
Percentile Sound Pressure Levels for wide band, 1/1 and
1/3 octave spectrum with flexible setting from 1% - 99%.
Sound Level Meter
Correction
221
Appendix
Standard Features
Optional
• Extended Acoustic Pack:
Clock-Impulse Maximum Level (Taktmaximalpegel) in accordance with DIN 45645-1:
Sound Level Meter
Parameter
Calculated levels in accordance with DIN 45645-1:
Sound Level Meter
RTA Spectrum Analyzer
• Extended Acoustic Pack or Spectral Limits Option:
True peak level
Sound Level Meter
Audio Recording
Sound Level Meter
Triggered Event Recording
222
• Recording of wav-files
(ADPCM compression)
• Voice note recording
• Extended Acoustic Pack:
Recording of wav-files (24 bit, 48 kHz)
• Extended Acoustic Pack:
Appendix
Standard Features
Sound Level Meter
Logging
Optional
100 ms logging
FFT Analysis
Measurement Range
• Extended Acoustic Pack:
• Spectral Limits:
FFT + Tol
Capture and Tolerance
not available
RT60
with zoom function
with zoom function
• Spectral Limits:
Capture and Tolerance functionality
• Extended Acoustic Pack:
1/3 octave band results
1/12 Oct + Tol
function not available
• Spectral Limits:
1/12 Oct + Tol
Capture and Tolerance functionality
Noise Curves
function not available
• Spectral Limits Option
STIPA
function not available
• STIPA Option with STIPA functionality
223
Appendix
Standard Features
Querying measurement
data online via the USB
interface
224
Optional
• Remote Measurement Option
supporting SLMeter/RTA and RMS/THD+N function
Appendix
Appendix 2: Factory Default Profiles
You may start up the XL2-TA with individual preset application
profiles.
DIN15905-5 / DIN15905-5 & Audio
(Sound Level Monitoring in accordance with DIN15905-5)
The following limits apply at all areas accessible by the visitors
during the measurement period of 30 minutes:
• Maximum averaged level = 99 dB
The XL2-TA displays this maximum level with the measurement result LAeq+k1.
• Maximum peak level LCpeak = 135 dB
The profile Full mode is the default configuration with all available measurement functions enabled.
225
Appendix
These levels are shown in the numeric result page:
LAeq5”+k1
Time-averaged sound pressure level LAeq
with correction value k1 and a moving time
window of 5 seconds.
LAeq+k1
Time-averaged sound pressure level LAeq
with correction value k1.
LCpeak+k2
C-weighted peak level LCpeak with correction value k2.
The following sound levels are displayed in the real-time analyzer page:
LZFhold3
For tracing of feedback frequencies. The
peak hold time is set to 3 seconds.
LZFlive
Actual real-time spectra.
How to Measure
• Select the page KSET with the rotary wheel
.
• Measure the correction values k1 and k2 as described in the
chapter Sound Level Meter: Correction Value KSET.
• Press the start button
.
• The icon LOG flashes during the ongoing measurement. In
the case where the profile #DIN15905-5 & Audio has been
selected the icon AUD flashes, indicating the additional audio wav-file logging.
• During the measurement you can monitor the actual sound
level LAeq5”+k1 in order to remain below the permitted limits; alternatively you may monitor the spectrum analyzer for
tracing possible feedback frequencies.
• Press stop
to finish the measurement.
In accordance with DIN15905-5, all sound levels are measured, displayed and logged to the
SD Card automatically. The settings are locked,
which ensures that the correct parameters are
measured.
The profile #DIN15905-5 & Audio includes the
recording of Compressed+AGC wav-files.
226
Appendix
Limits
This profile is configured with the following limits, which trigger
the lights on the limit button and external Digital I/O Adapter.
This facilitates a quick response to sound levels that exceed
these limits.
SLV 100dB / SLV 100dB & Audio
(Sound Level Monitoring in accordance with SLV)
The following limits apply at all areas accessible by the visitors
during the moving measurement period window of 60 minutes
during the live event:
• Maximum averaged level
The XL2-TA displays this maximum level with the measurement result LAeq60‘+k1.
Measurement Results
You may import the log files into a report generator software based on MS Excel, providing automatically-completed
live event reports with noise level charts. The report generator software is a free download on the support website at
http://my.nti-audio.com for all registered XL2-TA customers.
Type of
live event
Max. level
Requirements
3
100 dB
- Sound level recording
- Results to store for 30 days
- Level warning to visitors
- Hearing protection distributed
- Chill out zone < 85 dB(A)
2
96 dB
- Sound level monitoring
- Level warning to visitors
- Hearing protection distributed
1
93 dB
- Sound level monitoring
• Maximum peak level LAFmax = 125 dB
227
Appendix
The following sound levels are displayed in the real-time analyzer page:
These levels are shown in the numeric result page:
LAeq5”+k1
Time-averaged sound pressure level LAeq
with correction value k1 and a moving time
window of 5 seconds.
LAeq60’+k1
Time-averaged sound pressure level LAeq
with correction value k1 and a moving time
window of 60 minutes.
LAFmax+k1
Maximum sound pressure level LAFmax
with correction value k1.
228
LZFhold3
For tracing of feedback frequencies. The
peak hold time is set to 3 seconds.
LZFlive
Actual real-time spectra.
How to Measure
• Select the page KSET with the rotary wheel
.
• Measure the correction value k1 as described in the chapter
Sound Level Meter: Correction Value KSET. (k2 is not required
for SLV)
• Press the start button
.
• The icon LOG flashes during the ongoing measurement. In
the case where the profile #SLV 100dB & Audio has been
selected the icon AUD flashes, indicating the additional audio wav-file logging.
• During the measurement you can monitor the actual sound
level LAeq5”+k1 in order to remain below the permitted limits; alternatively you may monitor the spectrum analyzer for
tracing possible feedback frequencies.
• Press stop
to finish the measurement.
Appendix
In accordance with SLV, all sound levels are
measured, displayed and logged to SD Card
automatically. The settings are locked, which
ensures that the correct parameters are measured.
The profile #SLV 100dB & Audio includes the
recording of Compressed+AGC wav-files.
Limits
This profile is configured with the following limits, which trigger
the lights on the limit button and external Digital I/O Adapter.
This facilitates a quick response to sound levels that exceed
these limits.
Measurement Results
You may import the log files into a report generator software based on MS Excel, providing automatically-completed
live event reports with noise level charts. The report generator software is a free download on the support website at
http://my.nti-audio.com for all registered XL2-TA customers.
229
Appendix
Appendix 3: Description Sound Levels
A-Frequency Weighting Filter in accordance with
IEC 61672
Applicable for most common sound pressure level
measurements, compensating for human hearing
perception at lower sound pressure levels.
C-Frequency Weighting Filter in accordance with
IEC 61672
Applicable for very high sound pressure levels,
compensating for human hearing perception at
high sound pressure levels; typically used for measurements of peak values, e.g., LCpeak
Capture
This selection offers the reference curve, which has
been previously stored with Capture in the spectrum analyzer of the SLMeter function.
Application example:
• Comparing the performance of the left and right
speakers in a live event sound setup.
230
Sound Exposure Level
The sound exposure level LAE is the LAeq normalized to 1 second. The sound exposure level is measured to compare noise events with different time
durations. The LAE reports the amount of noise
from an event such as an individual aircraft fly-over.
LAE = LAeq + 10 x log (time in seconds)
Time-Average Sound Level or
Equivalent Continuous Sound Level in accordance with IEC 61672
Moving Time-Average Sound Level or
Moving Equivalent Continuous Sound Level
with selectable time window from five seconds up
to one hour. Four individual levels can be configured. The moving time-average sound level is an
Leq based on a moving time window.
Sample:
10h 00min 00sec
Start of XL2-TA measurement
10h 00min 05sec
Leq5” = Leq of this 5 seconds
Appendix
10h 00min 06sec
Leq5” = Leq of the time window from 10h 00min 01sec to
10h 00min 06sec
10h 00min 07sec
Leq5” = Leq of the time window from 10h 00min 02sec to
10h 00min 07sec
Application example:
• Display the moving Leq over 5 seconds in accordance with DIN15905
• Measure the moving Leq over 60 minutes in accordance with SLV2007
Fast Time Weighting
Time constant t = 125 ms; the time weighting is
an exponential function of time, which defines
how changes of the instantaneous sound pressure
level are averaged for useful sound pressure level
results. The measurement results are shown accurately for sound sources with a minimum length of
0.5 seconds. Fast time weighting is typically used
for common sound level measurements.
Holding Maximum Level
For tracing of feedback frequencies in the RTA page.
The hold time can be set to 3, 5 or 10 seconds.
Impulse Time Weighting
Time constant increase t = 35 ms; time constant
decrease t = 1500 ms; the time weighting is an
exponential function of time, which defines how
changes of the instantaneous sound pressure
level are averaged for useful sound pressure level
results. The measurement results are shown accurately for sound sources with a minimum length
of 0.1 seconds. Impulse time weighting is used for
impulsive sound sources.
Correction Value k1
Applies to RMS based values (LAF, LAeq, ...). The
correction value k1 is measured or manually set in
the page KSET of the sound level meter function.
Correction Value k2
Applies to time-weighting setting PK ( = peak). The
correction value k2 is measured or manually set in
the page KSET of the sound level meter function.
231
Appendix
Parameter live
Actual current sound pressure level.
Parameter max
Maximum sound level of the measurement cycle.
Parameter min
Minimum sound level of the measurement cycle.
Correction Value off
No correction value, default setting.
Peak Level
Application example:
Measure LCpeak in accordance with DIN15905
The RTA spectrum analyzer measures the true peak
level with the optional Extended Acoustic Pack. The
peak hold time can be set to 0, 1 or 5 seconds.
Previous Leq
Applicable for timer mode Repeat or Repeat Synchronized; displays the time-averaged sound level
Leq of the last measurement cycle.
232
Percentile Sound Level - Level Statistics
The statistical distribution of sound pressure levels
is commonly used for environmental noise analysis, such as road traffic or community noise assessments. For example LAFxx% is the noise level
exceeded during xx% of the measurement period;
e.g., LAF90% is the noise level exceeded during
90% of the measurement period.
Please see the specifications at chapter Technical
Data XL2: Functions of Extended Acoustic Pack
(optional) in this manual.
Slow Time Weighting
Time constant t = 1 second; the time-weighting is
an exponential function of time, which defines how
changes of the instantaneous sound pressure level
are averaged for useful sound level results.
Parameter T3
Clock-Impulse Maximum Level (Taktmaximalpegel)
LAFT3 in accordance with DIN 45645-1.
Maximum sound pressure level measured with frequency weighting A and time weighting F within a
time interval of 3 seconds.
Appendix
Parameter T3 equivalent
Time-average Clock-Impulse Maximum Level
(Taktmaximalpegel) LAFT3eq in accordance with
DIN 45645-1.
Z-frequency weighting in accordance with IEC
61672 (= flat frequency response, no filter)
Overall sound pressure level, all sound signal components are included; required for special applications.
Parameter T5
Clock-Impulse Maximum Level (Taktmaximalpegel)
LAFT5 in accordance with DIN 45645-1.
Maximum sound pressure level measured with frequency weighting A and time weighting F within a
time interval of 5 seconds.
Parameter T5 equivalent
Time-average Clock-Impulse Maximum Level
(Taktmaximalpegel) LAFT5eq in accordance with
DIN 45645-1.
Inverted X-Curve
In the film and recording industry an X curve is also
known as a wide-range curve, e.g., used for cinema
installations; conforms to ISO 2969.
233
Appendix
Appendix 4: Common Sound Levels
Display
Application
LAE
Sound Exposure Level
The sound exposure level LAE is the LAeq normalized to 1 second. The sound exposure level is measured to compare noise
events with different time durations. The LAE reports the amount
of noise from an event such as an individual aircraft fly-over.
LAE = LAeq + 10 x log (time in seconds)
LAeq
Time-Average Sound Level or
Equivalent Continuous Sound Level
Averaged sound level over time with A frequency weighting.
LAeq dt
Level LAeq_dt “delta t” in report
Level of the preset logging interval in the LOG-menu; e.g. Logging interval = 1 second, then LAeq_dt is the time averaged level
of the past 1 second.
234
Setting
->
->
->
Appendix
LAeq + k1
Time-Average Sound Level with Correction Value
The actual measurement position often differs to the loudest position of the live event. Thus the correction value k1 is the correction value of LAeq between the loudest position and the actual
measurement position, measured using pink noise. The correction value k1 is measured or manually set in the page KSET of the
sound level meter function.
LAeqxx
Moving Time-Average Sound Level
Measurement of the moving sound level over time Leq with Aweighting frequency and F-weighting time responses; the parameter xx is user-defined from five seconds up to one hour. Four
individual levels can be configured, e.g.
• 5 seconds for live sound monitoring
• 10 minutes (in accordance with the French standard)
• 15 minutes (in accordance with the British standard)
• 60 minutes (in accordance with SLV)
->
->
->
->
->
235
Appendix
LAeq60’ +k1
Moving Time-Average Sound Level with Correction Value k1
The actual measurement position often differs to the loudest position of the live event. Thus the correction value k1 is the correction
value of LAeq60’M between the loudest position and the actual
measurement position, measured using pink noise. The correction value k1 is measured or manually set in the page KSET of the
sound level meter function.
Application: Measurements in accordance with SLV
LAF
Actual Sound Pressure Level
SPL with A frequency weighting and F time weighting, compensating for human hearing perception at lower sound pressure levels; applicable at levels lower than 100 dB.
LAFmax
Maximum Sound Pressure Level
Measures the maximum environmental noise level during the
measurement period.
LAFmax dt
Maximum Sound Pressure Level “delta t” in report
Maximum level of the preset logging interval in the LOG-menu,
e.g. 1 second.
LAFmin
Minimum Sound Pressure Level
Measures the minimum environmental noise level during the
measurement period.
236
->
->
->
->
->
->
->
->
->
->
Appendix
LAFmin dt
Minimum Sound Pressure Level “delta t” in report
Minimum level of the preset logging interval in the LOG-menu,
e.g. 1 second.
LAFxx%
Percentile Sound Level
The statistical distribution of sound pressure levels is commonly
used for environmental noise analysis, such as road traffic or community noise assessments. For example LAFxx% is the noise
level exceeded during xx% of the measurement period; e.g.,
LAF90% is the noise level exceeded during 90% of the measurement period.
->
->
Please see the specifications at chapter Technical Data XL2: Functions of Extended Acoustic Pack (optional) in this manual.
Sound Level [dB] vs Time
LAF10% = 88.8dB
90
LAeq= 84.2dB
80
LAF50%= 76.4dB
70
LAF90%= 66.6dB
60
Time [seconds]
237
Appendix
LCeq
Time-Average Sound Level or
Equivalent Continuous Sound Level
Averaged sound level over time with C frequency weighting.
LCpeak
Peak Sound Pressure Level
Sound pressure level with C frequency weighting and peak time
weighting. Measures the peak level. High peak levels can damage the human hearing.
LCpeak max
Maximum Peak Sound Pressure Level
Maximum sound pressure level with C frequency weighting and
peak time weighting. Measures the peak level. High peak levels
can damage the human hearing.
LCpeak max dt
Maximum Peak Sound Pressure Level „delta t” in report
Maximum peak sound pressure level with C frequency weighting
of the preset logging interval in the LOG-menu, e.g. 1 second.
LCpeak + k2
Peak Sound Pressure Level with Correction Value
The actual measurement position often differs to the loudest position of the live event. Thus the correction value k2 is the correction value of LCpeak between the loudest position and the actual
measurement position, measured using pink noise. The correction value k2 is measured or manually set in the page KSET of the
sound level meter function.
238
->
->
->
->
->
->
->
->
->
Appendix
LEX
Noise Exposure Level LEX
The Noise at Work Directive 2003/10/EC lays down minimum requirements for the protection of workers from risks to their health
and safety arising or likely to arise from exposure to noise and in
particular the risk to hearing.
• Steady noise LEX,8h = LAeq: (applies to LAS, deviation < 5 dB)
LAeq measured over a short time equals LEX,8h; the following
formula applies for a measurement period < 8 hours: LEX,8h =
LAeq + 10 x log ( T / 8 hours )
• Steady noise with stepped level variations:
Measure LAeq at the different levels and enter the data with
the corresponding exposure time in the NTi Audio noise exposure level post-processing form; the LEX,8h will be calculated
and displayed.
• Varying noise levels:
LEX,8h = LAeq measured for 8 hours
->
->
The exposure limit values and respective actions are:
LEX, 8h
LCpeak
Action
Lower limit value
80 dB(A)
135 dB
The employer shall make individual hearing protectors available
to workers
Upper limit value
85 dB(A)
137 dB
Hearing protectors shall be used
Exposure limit
87 dB(A)
140 dB
The attenuation characteristics of the hearing protectors worn
must adequately reduce the levels below this limit
239
1000 dt 04.14
Appendix
241
Appendix
242
Appendix
243
Appendix
Details regarding IEC61672-1
The XL2-TA Analyzer, with the M2230 measurement microphone, fully complies with the IEC61672-1 standard as an integrating class 1 Sound Level Meter with A, C, Z frequency
weighting and fast/slow time weighting. The impulse time
weighting is optionally available with the Extended Acoustic
Package.
The type approval applies to the sound level meter in accordance with IEC 61672 and the Octave/Third-Octave measurement in accordance with IEC 61260. Attention should be given
to the following recommendations on the environment and the
configuration.
Environment
Persons and objects that are located in the sound field during
the measurement have an absorbing, reflecting or shielding
impact on the sound field and may therefore compromise the
measurement result. Consequently, such objects should be removed from the sound field where appropriate. The measurement microphone should be mounted on a tripod. The operator
should remain as far away as possible behind the microphone
during the measurement.
244
Configuration
• XL2-TA Sound Level Meter
-- Firmware V2.71
-- Hardware edition D2 or E0
-- Optional: Extended Acoustic Pack
• M2230 Measurement Microphone, consisting of
-- MA220 Microphone Preamplifier
-- MC230 Microphone Capsule
• Precision Calibrator CAL200
• ASD Cable, 5 meter, shielded
• Optional
-- NTi Audio Mains Power Adapter Exel Line
-- NTi Audio Microphone Clamp MH01
-- NTi Audio Windscreen, 50 mm
Handheld
With the microphone connected by the ASD Cable, for the
convenience of watching the measurement values as they occur, the analyzer can be held in your hand during the measurement.
There are no correction values required for this
configuration.
Appendix
General Information
Reference Sound Pressure Level
The reference sound pressure level is 114 dBSPL relative to
20 mPa.
Reference Level Range
The reference level range is MID, 20 - 120 dBSPL
Reference Orientation
The microphone reference point is located in the middle of the
microphone membrane. The 0° reference orientation and the
orientation of the membrane’s surface normal is identical.
Greatest Peak-To-Peak Voltage at the Electric Input
(Refer IEC61672-1 paragraphs 5.1.16, 9.3.i)
The highest sound pressure level at the M2230 microphone
with a sensitivity of S = 42 mV/Pa is 143.5 dB.
Initial Time Interval after Power On (IEC61672-1, 5.1.18)
The XL2-TA Sound Level Meter and M2230 microphone meet
the given specifications for the electro-acoustical response after an initial time interval of no more than one minute following
switching on the power. This assumes that the devices have
been allowed to reach equilibrium with the prevailing ambient
environment before switching on the power.
Insertion of Electrical Signals
(Refer IEC61672-1 paragraphs 5.1.15, 9.3g)
The capsule replacement NTI-K65-15 can be used to insert
electrical signals to the preamplifier MA220. The device provides at one side a contact that corresponds to the center contact of the replaced microphone capsule, at the other side a
BNC-plug for the electrical signals. The impedance at the output of the device is 15 pF with a maximum deviation of ±1 pF.
The electrical noise floor is measured by shorting the contacts of the BNC plug. Before the NTI-K65-15 can be mounted to the preamplifier MA220, the microphone capsule must
first be detached. The nominal sensitivity S of the capsule is
S = 42 mV/Pa. Measurements with the NTI-K65-15 therefore
require that the sensitivity in the calibration menu is manually
adjusted to S = 42 mV/Pa.
The maximum electrical input voltage is 36 Vpp. The attenuation between the device and the XLR input of the XL2-TA is
0.78 dB at a reference frequency of 1 kHz. A 1 kHz signal with
459 mVrms level is required at the input of the device, to substitute the signal of a microphone capsule with the sensitivity
42 mV/Pa at a reference level of 114 dBSPL.
245
Appendix
Output (Refer IEC61672-1 paragraphs 5.16.1, 9.2.5p)
The instrument provides no electrical analog or digital outputs
for measurements.
Typical Time Interval Needed to Stabilize after Changes in
Environmental Conditions (IEC61672-1, 6.1.2, 9.3l)
Recommended time interval for stabilizing the sound level meter after changes in environmental conditions, prior to performing any measurements:
Change in the environmental condition
Time Interval
Temperature
±5 °C
15 minutes
Temperature
±20 °C
30 minutes
Air pressure
±5 kPa
15 seconds
Humidity
±30%
15 minutes
The time intervals apply, for instance, after moving from a cold
into a warm room, and assume that combinations of air temperature and relative humidity do not yield a dew point greater
than +39 °C or less than –15 °C.
246
No Limit on Operational Environment
(Refer IEC61672-1 paragraphs 6.3.2, 9.2.7a)
There are no restrictions in place for parts or components,
which would limit the operational environment.
Exposure to Electrostatic Discharges
(Refer IEC61672-1 paragraphs 6.5.2, 9.2.7b)
Heavy electrostatic discharges directly to the instrument’s
connector or keyboard may interrupt the operation. The XL2-TA
either switches off or freezes at the last valid measurement
value. In such a case re-start the instrument. If the data logging
had been active prior the interrupt, the log file may contain a
gap. However, the acquired results can be identified correctly as each one is saved together with its own individual time
stamp.
Appendix
Exposure to AC Power and Radio Frequency Fields
(Refer IEC61672-1 paragraphs 6.6.1, 9.2.7c)
The sound level meter complies with the requirements of the
standard IEC61672-1:2003 regarding immunity against high
frequency fields or mains power fields from 50 to 60 Hz.
Impact of Electromagnetic Fields
If the device is exposed to electromagnetic fields of 10 V/m,
the measurement of sound levels below 74 dB is not specified. If the electromagnetic fields exceed 10 V/m, the exposed
instrument is not specified in any level range.
Susceptibility to AC Power and Radio Frequency Fields
(Refer IEC61672-1 paragraphs 6.6.3, 9.3o)
The device has the greatest susceptibility to AC power frequency fields, if the direction of the magnetic field is the same
as the orientation of the microphone axis.
The device has the greatest susceptibility to radio frequency
fields, if the surface normal of the display and the direction of
the incoming radio frequency field are parallel to each other.
Measuring Low-Level Sound Fields
(Refer IEC61672-1 paragraphs 5.6.5, 9.2.5d)
If the sound level is very low, the measurement result is affected by the noise floor of the sound level meter. The specified configuration complies with class 1 within the given linear
measuring range.
Influence of the ASD Cable
(Refer IEC61672-1 paragraphs 7.1, 9.2.6b)
The ASD Cable serves as connection cable between the
XL2-TA sound level meter and the microphone. There are no
correction values required for this configuration.
Influence of Mechanical Vibrations
Mechanical vibrations with 1 m/s2 acceleration perpendicular
to the membrane of the microphone, will raise the lower limit
of the linear operating range to 71 dB (A-weighted) for the frequencies 31,5 Hz, 63 Hz, 125 Hz, 250 Hz, 500 Hz, 630 Hz,
800 Hz and 1000 Hz.
Mechanical vibrations with 1 m/s2 acceleration parallel to the
membrane of the microphone, will raise the lower limit of the
linear operating range to 68 dB (A-weighted) for the frequencies 31,5 Hz, 63 Hz, 125 Hz, 250 Hz, 500 Hz, 630 Hz, 800 Hz
and 1000 Hz.
247
Appendix
Level Linearity
(Refer IEC61672-1 paragraphs 5.5.3, 5.5.9, 9.2.2e, 9.3e, 9.3f).
All values refer to Sref = 42 mV/Pa*. The starting levels for the
level linearity tests are listed in the following tables:
Level range: Low
Level range: Mid
LAt*
[dB]
31,5 from
to
Hz starting
LCt*
Frequency
LAeqT*
LZt*
24 from
27 from
30 from
68 to
105 to
108 to
94 starting 94 starting 94 starting
LAE*
(tint = 10s)
LCpeak*
24 from
34
68 to
78
94 starting 104
from
24 from
27 from
30 from
24 from
34 from
108 to
108 to
108 to
108 to
118 to
1 kHz to
starting 94 starting 94 starting 94 starting 94 starting 104
from
24 from
27 from
30 from
24 from
34
109 to
107 to
108 to
109 to
119
starting 94 starting 94 starting 94 starting 94 starting 104
4 kHz to
from
24 from
27 from
30 from
24 from
34
107 to
105 to
108 to
107 to
117
starting 94 starting 94 starting 94 starting 94 starting 104
8 kHz to
24 from
27 from
30 from
24 from
34
12,5 from
to
104 to
102 to
108 to
104 to
114
kHz starting 94 starting 94 starting 94 starting 94 starting 104
LAt*
[dB]
41
111
Frequency
LAeqT*
LZt*
LAE*
(tint = 10s)
LCpeak*
31 from
32 from
35 from
31 from
41
31,5 from
to
86 to
123 to
126 to
86 to
96
Hz starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 124
from
31 from
32 from
35 from
31 from
41 from
126 to
126 to
126 to
126 to
136 to
starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 124
1 kHz to
from
31 from
32 from
35 from
31 from
41
127 to
125 to
126 to
127 to
137
starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 124
4 kHz to
from
31 from
32 from
35 from
31 from
41
125 to
123 to
126 to
125 to
135
starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 124
8 kHz to
31 from
32 from
35 from
31 from
41
12,5 from
to
122 to
120 to
126 to
122 to
132
kHz starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 124
* If the sensitivity Sx deviates from the given data, a correction value of 20*log(Sref/Sx) has to be added.
Example: Sx = 45 mV/Pa -> correction value = 20*log(42/45) = -0.6 dB
248
LCt*
38
129
Appendix
Level Linearity of Octaveband-Spectrum
in accordance with IEC 61260.
All values refer to Sref = 42 mV/Pa*.
Nominal
Frequency
Hz
Level range: High
LAt*
[dB]
LCt*
Frequency
LAeqT*
LZt*
LAE*
(tint = 10s)
LCpeak*
53 from
51 From
56 from
53 from
63
31,5 from
to
98 to
135 to
138 to
98 to
108
Hz starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 124
from
53 from
51 from
56 from
53 from
63 from
138 to
138 to
138 to
138 to
148 to
1 kHz to
starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 124
from
53 from
51 from
56 from
53 from
63
139 to
137 to
138 to
139 to
149
4 kHz to
starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 124
from
53 from
51 from
56 from
53 from
63
137 to
135 to
138 to
137 to
147
starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 124
65
141
Level Range
LOW
MID
HIGH
20
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
31.5
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
63
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
125
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
250
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
500
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
1000
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
2000
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
4000
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
48-134 dB
8000
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
48-134 dB
16000
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
48-134 dB
8 kHz to
53 from
51 from
56 from
53 from
63
12,5 from
to
134 to
132 to
138 to
134 to
144
kHz starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 114 starting 124
The sampling rate of the filters is 48 kHz.
* If the sensitivity Sx deviates from the given data, a correction value of 20*log(Sref/Sx) has to be added.
Example: Sx = 45 mV/Pa -> correction value = 20*log(42/45) = -0.6 dB
249
Appendix
Level Linearity of Third-Octaveband-Spectrum
in accordance with IEC 61260.
All values refer to Sref = 42 mV/Pa*.
Nominal
Frequency
Hz
Level Range
LOW
MID
HIGH
20
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
25
31.5
40
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
40-134 dB
40-134 dB
50
63
80
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
40-134 dB
40-134 dB
100
125
160
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
40-134 dB
40-134 dB
200
250
315
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
40-134 dB
40-134 dB
400
500
630
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
40-134 dB
40-134 dB
Nominal
Frequency
Hz
Level Range
LOW
MID
HIGH
800
1000
1250
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
40-134 dB
40-134 dB
1600
2000
2500
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
40-134 dB
40-134 dB
3150
4000
5000
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
40-134 dB
40-134 dB
46-134 dB
6300
8000
10000
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
46-134 dB
46-134 dB
46-134 dB
12500
16000
20000
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-106 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
24-125 dB
46-134 dB
46-134 dB
46-134 dB
The sampling rate of the filters is 48 kHz.
* If the sensitivity Sx deviates from the given data, a correction value of 20*log(Sref/Sx) has to be added.
Example: Sx = 45 mV/Pa -> correction value = 20*log(42/45) = -0.6 dB
250
Appendix
Self-generated Noise with Microphone
(Refer IEC61672-1 paragraphs 5.6.1 to 5.6.4, 9.2.5o)
Self-generated noise with electrical input device @ S = 42 mV/Pa
Level range [dB]
Frequencyweighting
low
mid
high
Z
22
23
46
A
11
19
43
C
14
18
42
Self-generated noise with M2230 microphone @ S = 42 mV/Pa
Level range [dB]
Frequencyweighting
low
mid
high
Z
23
25
46
A
17
21
43
C
20
22
42
The averaging time is 30 seconds for all measurements.
251
Appendix
Precision Calibrator
(Refer IEC61672-1 paragraphs 5.2.1, 5.2.7, 9.3d)
If an obligatory calibration is required for the sound level meter,
in accordance with the type approval, then the precision calibrator CAL200 should be used.
Technical Details
• Type: Larson Davis CAL200
• Level correction: -0.12 dB
• Calibration frequency: 1 kHz (= reference frequency)
• Calibration level: 114 dB (= reference sound pressure level)
Details for Calibration
The calibration has to be executed according to the instructions
given in chapter „Calibration“. Ensure that the calibrator is set
to 114 dB.
Add the free-field correction values to the reference sound
pressure level, and enter the result into the XL2-TA under „Calibration Level“.
Ambient Noise
Please make sure that, during the calibration with 114 dB, the
ambient noise level is lower than 89 dB.
The calibration procedure and the correction data apply within
these prevailing ambient environment ranges.
• Temperature: -10 °C to +50 °C
• Air pressure: 65 kPa to 108 kPa
• Humidity: 25 % to 90 % R.H. non-condensing from
-10 °C to +39 °C
Free-field Correction Value for detached Operation
• Operation without wind screen: 0.08 dB
• Operation with wind screen: 0.12 dB
Prior to any calibration, both the sound level meter and the
calibrator have to be exposed to constant environmental conditions for the specified duration.
Please refer to the calibrator’s certificate for the calibration values at the reference environment conditions.
252
Appendix
Applying Correction Values
Firstly, always apply the appropriate free-field correction value.
Secondly, for calibrations at 23°C ±5°C and 101.3 kPa ±5 kPa
static air pressure, there are no environment correction values
to apply. If the environmental conditions are outside these
ranges, apply the relative air pressure and/or temperature correction values that are listed in the calibrator’s certificate.
Other Calibrators
B&K Sound Calibrator Type 4231
• Level correction: -0.15 dB
• Calibration frequency: 1 kHz (= reference frequency)
• Calibration level: 114 dB (= reference sound pressure level)
Norsonic Sound Calibrator Nor-1251
• Level correction: -0.15 dB
• Calibration frequency: 1 kHz (= reference frequency)
• Calibration level: 114 dB (= reference sound pressure level)
253
Appendix
Frequency Response Corrections at 250 - 20000 Hz
(Refer IEC61672-1 paragraphs 5.2.4, 5.2.5, 5.2.6 und 9.2.4d)
Corrections below 250 Hz are 0.0 dB.
Nominal Frequency
Hz
254
Actual Frequency
0° Free-field
Frequency Response
0° Free-field
Correction
Impact of
Wind Screen
0° Free-field Correction
with Wind Screen
Tolerance Limits of
the Corrections
Hz
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
250
251.19
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
315
316.23
-0.1
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.4
400
398.11
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
500
501.19
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
630
630.96
0.1
-0.1
0.0
-0.1
0.4
800
794.33
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
1000
1000.00
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
1060
1059.25
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
1120
1122.02
0.0
0.0
0.1
-0.1
0.4
1180
1188.50
0.1
-0.1
0.1
-0.2
0.4
1250
1258.93
0.1
-0.1
0.1
-0.2
0.5
1320
1333.52
0.1
-0.1
0.1
-0.2
0.5
1400
1412.54
0.1
-0.1
0.1
-0.2
0.5
1500
1496.24
0.1
-0.1
0.1
-0.2
0.5
1600
1584.89
0.0
0.0
0.1
-0.2
0.5
1700
1678.80
0.0
0.0
0.1
-0.1
0.5
1800
1778.28
-0.1
0.1
0.1
-0.1
0.5
Appendix
Nominal Frequency
Actual Frequency
0° Free-field
Frequency Response
0° Free-field
Correction
Impact of
Wind Screen
0° Free-field Correction
with Wind Screen
Tolerance Limits of
the Corrections
1900
1883.65
-0.1
0.1
0.2
-0.1
0.6
2000
1995.26
-0.2
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.6
2120
2113.49
0.0
0.0
0.2
-0.2
0.6
2240
2238.72
0.3
-0.3
0.2
-0.5
0.6
2360
2371.37
0.1
-0.1
0.3
-0.3
0.6
2500
2511.89
0.0
0.0
0.3
-0.3
0.6
2650
2660.73
-0.2
0.2
0.3
-0.1
0.6
2800
2818.38
-0.2
0.2
0.3
-0.2
0.6
3000
2985.38
0.2
-0.2
0.4
-0.6
0.6
3150
3162.28
0.3
-0.3
0.4
-0.7
0.6
3350
3349.65
0.4
-0.4
0.4
-0.8
0.6
3550
3548.13
-0.1
0.1
0.5
-0.4
0.6
3750
3758.37
-0.3
0.3
0.5
-0.2
0.6
4000
3981.07
-0.1
0.1
0.5
-0.5
0.6
4250
4216.97
0.2
-0.2
0.6
-0.8
0.6
4500
4466.84
0.3
-0.3
0.6
-0.8
0.6
4750
4731.51
-0.2
0.2
0.6
-0.3
0.6
5000
5011.87
-0.4
0.4
0.6
-0.2
0.6
5300
5308.84
0.3
-0.3
0.5
-0.9
0.6
5600
5623.41
0.3
-0.3
0.5
-0.8
0.6
6000
5956.62
-0.4
0.4
0.4
0.0
0.6
6300
6309.57
-0.1
0.1
0.3
-0.3
0.6
6700
6683.44
0.4
-0.4
0.3
-0.7
0.6
255
Appendix
Nominal Frequency
256
Actual Frequency
0° Free-field
Frequency Response
0° Free-field
Correction
Impact of
Wind Screen
0° Free-field Correction
with Wind Screen
Tolerance Limits of
the Corrections
7100
7079.46
-0.6
0.6
0.2
0.4
0.6
7500
7498.94
0.1
-0.1
0.1
-0.3
0.6
8000
7943.28
0.1
-0.1
0.1
-0.2
0.6
8500
8413.95
-0.6
0.6
0.1
0.5
0.6
9000
8912.51
0.4
-0.4
0.1
-0.5
0.6
9500
9440.61
-0.7
0.7
0.1
0.6
0.6
10000
10000.00
0.2
-0.2
0.1
-0.3
0.6
10600
10592.54
-0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.6
11200
11220.18
-0.3
0.3
0.1
0.2
0.6
11800
11885.02
-0.3
0.3
0.0
0.3
0.6
12500
12589.25
-0.2
0.2
-0.2
0.3
1.0
13200
13335.21
-0.4
0.4
-0.3
0.7
1.0
14000
14125.38
-0.5
0.5
-0.5
1.0
1.0
15000
14962.36
-0.5
0.5
-0.6
1.1
1.0
16000
15848.93
-0.1
0.1
-0.6
0.8
1.0
17000
16788.04
-0.6
0.6
-0.6
1.2
1.0
18000
17782.79
-0.7
0.7
-0.6
1.3
1.0
19000
18836.49
-1.1
1.1
-0.7
1.8
1.0
20000
19952.62
-1.5
1.5
-0.9
2.4
1.0
Appendix
Frequency Weighting
Nominal
Frequency
Hz
Frequency Weighting
dB
A
C
Z
10
–70.4
–14.3
0.0
12.5
16
20
–63.4
–56.7
–50.5
–11.2
–8.5
–6.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
25
31.5
40
–44.7
–39.4
–34.6
–4.4
–3.0
–2.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
50
63
80
–30.2
–26.2
–22.5
–1.3
–0.8
–0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
100
125
160
–19.1
–16.1
–13.4
–0.3
–0.2
–0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
200
250
315
–10.9
–8.6
–6.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
400
500
630
–4.8
–3.2
–1.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
800
1000
1250
–0.8
0
+0.6
0.0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
1600
2000
2500
+1.0
+1.2
+1.3
–0.1
–0.2
–0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
Nominal
Frequency
Hz
Frequency Weighting
dB
C
Z
3150
4000
5000
+1.2
+1.0
+0.5
A
–0.5
–0.8
–1.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
6300
8000
10000
–0.1
–1.1
–2.5
–2.0
–3.0
–4.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
12500
16000
20000
–4.3
–6.6
–9.3
–6.2
–8.5
–11.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
257
Appendix
Directional Response (dB)
Based on the sound-incidence angle. (Refer IEC61672-1 paragraphs 5.3.1, 5.3.2 and 9.2.2b)
Nominal Frequency
[Hz]
250
315
400
500
630
800
1000
1060
1120
1180
1250
1320
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
2000
2120
2240
2360
2500
2650
2800
3000
3150
3350
258
Actual
Frequency [Hz]
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
251.19
316.23
398.11
501.19
630.96
794.33
1000.00
1059.25
1122.02
1188.50
1258.93
1333.52
1412.54
1496.24
1584.89
1678.80
1778.28
1883.65
1995.26
2113.49
2238.72
2371.37
2511.89
2660.73
2818.38
2985.38
3162.28
3349.65
-0.00
-0.00
0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
0.00
0.00
-0.00
0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
0.00
-0.00
-0.00
0.00
0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
0.00
0.01
0.01
-0.02
-0.09
-0.00
0.03
0.03
0.02
0.01
-0.01
-0.02
-0.01
0.02
0.03
0.02
0.02
0.00
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.01
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.00
0.01
0.01
-0.02
-0.11
-0.01
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.01
-0.02
-0.05
-0.04
0.00
0.02
0.01
0.00
-0.02
-0.02
-0.01
-0.01
0.00
-0.00
-0.01
-0.01
-0.03
-0.00
0.01
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.01
-0.06
-0.02
-0.02
-0.02
-0.02
-0.03
-0.06
-0.09
-0.07
-0.01
0.00
0.00
0.01
-0.01
-0.03
-0.05
-0.06
-0.03
-0.03
-0.05
-0.03
-0.09
-0.06
0.00
0.00
0.02
0.02
-0.00
-0.04
0.00
0.03
0.02
0.00
-0.02
-0.05
-0.07
-0.04
0.00
0.02
0.04
0.04
0.01
-0.03
-0.05
-0.08
-0.03
-0.03
-0.02
-0.03
-0.12
-0.06
-0.01
-0.00
-0.01
-0.02
-0.02
0.00
-0.00
-0.02
-0.03
-0.04
-0.05
-0.09
-0.12
-0.09
-0.03
-0.00
0.01
0.02
0.01
-0.05
-0.10
-0.16
-0.10
-0.08
-0.03
-0.09
-0.19
-0.13
-0.06
0.00
0.01
-0.01
-0.02
0.01
0.02
0.00
-0.01
-0.02
-0.04
-0.07
-0.10
-0.07
-0.02
0.01
0.05
0.04
0.04
-0.05
-0.13
-0.21
-0.13
-0.08
-0.01
-0.10
-0.20
-0.18
-0.09
0.00
0.01
0.00
-0.01
-0.05
0.00
-0.01
-0.03
-0.05
-0.08
-0.14
-0.18
-0.13
-0.06
-0.01
0.04
0.04
0.03
-0.08
-0.18
-0.25
-0.22
-0.11
-0.01
-0.08
-0.25
-0.30
-0.15
0.00
0.01
0.00
-0.03
-0.05
0.00
0.00
-0.03
-0.06
-0.09
-0.14
-0.17
-0.12
-0.06
-0.02
0.05
0.06
0.05
-0.04
-0.22
-0.31
-0.30
-0.16
-0.06
-0.07
-0.31
-0.36
-0.23
0.00
0.01
0.00
-0.04
-0.06
0.00
-0.01
-0.03
-0.06
-0.08
-0.15
-0.21
-0.18
-0.11
-0.06
0.03
0.07
0.05
0.00
-0.18
-0.36
-0.39
-0.29
-0.09
-0.09
-0.31
-0.42
-0.37
0.00
-0.01
-0.01
-0.04
-0.11
-0.03
-0.01
-0.04
-0.06
-0.10
-0.16
-0.23
-0.21
-0.14
-0.09
0.00
0.09
0.09
-0.02
-0.19
-0.44
-0.46
-0.44
-0.21
-0.16
-0.30
-0.49
-0.46
0.00
0.01
0.01
-0.04
-0.11
0.00
0.03
0.00
-0.05
-0.10
-0.17
-0.24
-0.24
-0.18
-0.12
-0.03
0.06
0.13
0.06
-0.10
-0.37
-0.51
-0.48
-0.34
-0.18
-0.34
-0.47
-0.46
0.00
-0.01
-0.02
-0.05
-0.13
-0.01
0.00
-0.02
-0.06
-0.12
-0.21
-0.29
-0.29
-0.23
-0.17
-0.07
0.00
0.08
0.04
-0.14
-0.34
-0.56
-0.58
-0.49
-0.36
-0.43
-0.51
-0.55
0.00
0.00
-0.01
-0.05
-0.08
0.01
-0.01
-0.02
-0.05
-0.11
-0.20
-0.27
-0.27
-0.26
-0.23
-0.12
-0.05
0.02
0.07
-0.06
-0.32
-0.47
-0.64
-0.55
-0.51
-0.52
-0.62
-0.55
0.00
0.01
0.00
-0.02
-0.07
0.02
0.04
0.02
-0.01
-0.07
-0.16
-0.26
-0.29
-0.27
-0.26
-0.17
-0.06
0.00
0.01
-0.01
-0.26
-0.42
-0.52
-0.62
-0.58
-0.70
-0.70
-0.67
0.00
-0.01
-0.02
-0.04
-0.10
-0.01
0.01
-0.01
-0.03
-0.07
-0.16
-0.26
-0.28
-0.27
-0.28
-0.26
-0.18
-0.08
-0.08
-0.17
-0.26
-0.40
-0.50
-0.54
-0.70
-0.79
-0.92
-0.82
0.00
0.00
0.00
-0.04
-0.11
-0.03
0.02
0.00
-0.02
-0.06
-0.13
-0.24
-0.31
-0.32
-0.30
-0.25
-0.22
-0.17
-0.12
-0.19
-0.33
-0.33
-0.45
-0.48
-0.57
-0.84
-0.95
-1.05
0.00
0.01
0.00
-0.04
-0.13
-0.04
0.03
0.02
-0.01
-0.06
-0.14
-0.22
-0.26
-0.27
-0.29
-0.26
-0.22
-0.23
-0.25
-0.27
-0.39
-0.47
-0.41
-0.42
-0.55
-0.73
-0.97
-1.01
Angle in Degrees
Appendix
Nominal Frequency
[Hz]
3550
3750
4000
4250
4500
4750
5000
5300
5600
6000
6300
6700
7100
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10600
11200
11800
12500
13200
14000
15000
16000
17000
18000
19000
20000
Actual
Frequency [Hz]
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
3548.13
3758.37
3981.07
4216.97
4466.84
4731.51
5011.87
5308.84
5623.41
5956.62
6309.57
6683.44
7079.46
7498.94
7943.28
8413.95
8912.51
9440.61
10000.00
10592.50
11220.20
11885.00
12589.30
13335.20
14125.40
14962.40
15848.90
16788.00
17782.80
18836.50
19952.60
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
0.00
-0.00
-0.00
0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
0.00
0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
0.00
-0.00
-0.00
0.00
-0.00
-0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
-0.00
-0.00
0.02
0.01
0.01
-0.00
0.02
0.01
0.00
0.02
0.02
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
-0.01
-0.00
-0.01
0.01
-0.02
-0.02
0.02
-0.03
-0.02
0.00
-0.01
-0.03
0.00
-0.05
-0.03
-0.04
0.02
-0.01
-0.02
-0.02
-0.01
-0.02
-0.05
-0.01
-0.01
-0.03
-0.05
-0.03
-0.05
-0.09
-0.03
-0.08
-0.08
-0.12
-0.01
-0.18
-0.08
0.01
-0.23
-0.13
-0.08
-0.11
-0.13
-0.14
-0.25
-0.25
-0.25
0.01
-0.07
-0.10
-0.07
-0.03
-0.08
-0.14
-0.07
-0.04
-0.12
-0.13
-0.09
-0.12
-0.21
-0.09
-0.18
-0.20
-0.23
-0.08
-0.44
-0.13
-0.05
-0.54
-0.24
-0.20
-0.29
-0.37
-0.36
-0.48
-0.54
-0.55
0.00
-0.08
-0.16
-0.09
-0.02
-0.10
-0.20
-0.10
-0.04
-0.17
-0.20
-0.14
-0.15
-0.33
-0.15
-0.25
-0.32
-0.26
-0.16
-0.68
-0.05
-0.28
-0.87
-0.27
-0.42
-0.54
-0.71
-0.63
-0.71
-0.75
-0.85
-0.03
-0.12
-0.24
-0.18
-0.06
-0.17
-0.35
-0.26
-0.10
-0.24
-0.36
-0.30
-0.22
-0.58
-0.30
-0.37
-0.61
-0.41
-0.49
-0.93
-0.15
-0.82
-1.05
-0.44
-0.85
-0.92
-1.08
-0.97
-1.06
-1.13
-1.28
0.01
-0.09
-0.30
-0.25
-0.07
-0.14
-0.44
-0.39
-0.15
-0.27
-0.45
-0.46
-0.25
-0.71
-0.50
-0.44
-0.82
-0.46
-0.80
-0.95
-0.48
-1.17
-0.98
-0.77
-1.20
-1.15
-1.25
-1.30
-1.54
-1.71
-1.80
0.00
-0.09
-0.36
-0.40
-0.18
-0.18
-0.54
-0.58
-0.29
-0.32
-0.52
-0.67
-0.37
-0.82
-0.77
-0.54
-1.10
-0.68
-1.13
-1.09
-1.00
-1.21
-1.31
-1.35
-1.47
-1.59
-1.79
-1.94
-2.14
-2.25
-2.42
-0.07
-0.10
-0.39
-0.50
-0.27
-0.19
-0.53
-0.71
-0.45
-0.38
-0.59
-0.84
-0.56
-0.84
-1.08
-0.71
-1.22
-0.98
-1.32
-1.43
-1.21
-1.45
-1.90
-1.48
-1.81
-2.04
-2.16
-2.24
-2.40
-2.67
-2.97
-0.18
-0.11
-0.35
-0.54
-0.42
-0.32
-0.60
-0.85
-0.71
-0.57
-0.67
-0.88
-0.90
-0.96
-1.26
-1.11
-1.31
-1.38
-1.44
-1.89
-1.38
-2.04
-2.08
-1.92
-2.35
-2.32
-2.70
-2.92
-3.27
-3.51
-3.70
-0.29
-0.22
-0.38
-0.60
-0.57
-0.47
-0.63
-0.87
-0.88
-0.80
-0.82
-0.94
-1.12
-1.31
-1.30
-1.52
-1.56
-1.66
-1.72
-2.22
-1.78
-2.28
-2.56
-2.49
-2.64
-3.03
-3.27
-3.39
-3.67
-4.10
-4.54
-0.40
-0.35
-0.41
-0.52
-0.58
-0.66
-0.82
-0.90
-0.94
-1.03
-1.11
-1.05
-1.09
-1.66
-1.46
-1.63
-2.04
-1.71
-2.25
-2.35
-2.32
-2.65
-3.15
-2.74
-3.39
-3.42
-3.73
-4.12
-4.52
-4.84
-5.21
-0.47
-0.49
-0.62
-0.64
-0.56
-0.70
-1.01
-1.07
-1.01
-1.20
-1.40
-1.41
-1.17
-1.82
-1.91
-1.75
-2.42
-2.12
-2.57
-2.88
-2.55
-3.25
-3.36
-3.46
-3.63
-4.20
-4.49
-4.75
-5.26
-5.69
-6.21
-0.50
-0.62
-0.76
-0.77
-0.66
-0.71
-1.12
-1.30
-1.16
-1.26
-1.52
-1.78
-1.52
-1.81
-2.16
-2.09
-2.47
-2.67
-2.74
-3.31
-3.01
-3.53
-3.98
-3.76
-4.44
-4.53
-5.07
-5.44
-5.88
-6.48
-7.04
-0.48
-0.54
-0.86
-0.93
-0.77
-0.73
-1.09
-1.40
-1.39
-1.41
-1.56
-1.85
-1.96
-2.11
-2.21
-2.41
-2.78
-2.78
-3.30
-3.50
-3.50
-4.03
-4.44
-4.40
-4.84
-5.20
-5.65
-6.07
-6.58
-7.12
-7.80
-0.65
-0.60
-0.83
-1.10
-1.00
-0.94
-1.15
-1.36
-1.51
-1.71
-1.83
-1.87
-2.03
-2.57
-2.55
-2.56
-3.18
-3.08
-3.49
-4.13
-3.73
-4.56
-4.86
-4.85
-5.51
-5.80
-6.31
-6.66
-7.38
-7.94
-8.59
-0.84
-0.78
-0.87
-1.01
-1.12
-1.16
-1.41
-1.43
-1.44
-1.77
-2.15
-2.17
-2.00
-2.58
-2.90
-2.89
-3.29
-3.45
-3.95
-4.36
-4.36
-5.04
-5.42
-5.54
-6.06
-6.52
-7.11
-7.59
-8.19
-8.95
-9.59
-1.08
-0.98
-1.11
-1.01
-1.05
-1.18
-1.62
-1.76
-1.54
-1.69
-2.05
-2.47
-2.38
-2.68
-3.00
-3.30
-3.76
-3.66
-4.12
-4.64
-4.54
-5.54
-5.75
-5.99
-6.53
-6.78
-7.72
-8.07
-8.93
-9.48
-10.28
Angle in Degrees
259
Appendix
Nominal Frequency
[Hz]
250
315
400
500
630
800
1000
1060
1120
1180
1250
1320
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
2000
2120
2240
2360
2500
2650
2800
3000
3150
3350
3550
3750
4000
4250
4500
4750
260
Actual
Frequency [Hz]
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
155
160
165
170
175
180
251,19
316,23
398,11
501,19
630,96
794,33
1000,00
1059,25
1122,02
1188,50
1258,93
1333,52
1412,54
1496,24
1584,89
1678,80
1778,28
1883,65
1995,26
2113,49
2238,72
2371,37
2511,89
2660,73
2818,38
2985,38
3162,28
3349,65
3548,13
3758,37
3981,07
4216,97
4466,84
4731,51
0.00
0.01
0.00
-0.06
-0.13
-0.04
0.03
0.03
0.01
-0.05
-0.14
-0.20
-0.21
-0.22
-0.26
-0.27
-0.23
-0.19
-0.25
-0.42
-0.48
-0.51
-0.55
-0.43
-0.46
-0.71
-0.84
-1.00
-0.97
-1.25
-1.33
-1.42
-1.09
-1.19
0.00
0.01
-0.01
-0.05
-0.06
-0.04
-0.02
0.00
0.01
-0.02
-0.11
-0.21
-0.24
-0.22
-0.23
-0.22
-0.22
-0.22
-0.23
-0.38
-0.63
-0.65
-0.58
-0.55
-0.55
-0.70
-0.85
-0.80
-0.92
-1.10
-1.47
-1.71
-1.47
-1.42
0.00
-0.01
-0.03
-0.09
-0.17
-0.08
-0.06
-0.06
-0.06
-0.07
-0.14
-0.23
-0.27
-0.25
-0.23
-0.18
-0.16
-0.20
-0.29
-0.40
-0.54
-0.73
-0.77
-0.65
-0.65
-0.83
-0.88
-0.90
-0.78
-0.88
-1.39
-1.57
-1.81
-1.77
0.00
0.00
-0.02
-0.08
-0.10
-0.08
-0.09
-0.09
-0.09
-0.11
-0.15
-0.20
-0.23
-0.23
-0.23
-0.20
-0.15
-0.12
-0.17
-0.37
-0.60
-0.67
-0.73
-0.76
-0.75
-0.90
-1.10
-1.05
-0.80
-0.94
-1.06
-1.34
-1.62
-1.77
0.00
0.01
0.00
-0.04
-0.08
-0.09
-0.06
-0.07
-0.10
-0.13
-0.19
-0.23
-0.23
-0.22
-0.23
-0.19
-0.16
-0.12
-0.12
-0.23
-0.48
-0.68
-0.74
-0.67
-0.71
-0.97
-1.15
-1.16
-1.12
-0.98
-1.10
-1.34
-1.20
-1.45
0.00
-0.01
-0.04
-0.09
-0.17
-0.09
-0.09
-0.10
-0.12
-0.15
-0.23
-0.31
-0.31
-0.27
-0.24
-0.19
-0.15
-0.15
-0.23
-0.33
-0.45
-0.53
-0.64
-0.65
-0.72
-0.88
-1.10
-1.29
-1.20
-1.24
-1.49
-1.48
-1.25
-1.43
0.00
0.00
-0.01
-0.05
-0.14
-0.07
-0.06
-0.08
-0.10
-0.13
-0.20
-0.28
-0.29
-0.28
-0.27
-0.21
-0.15
-0.10
-0.13
-0.26
-0.47
-0.55
-0.57
-0.53
-0.55
-0.75
-1.01
-1.03
-1.09
-1.31
-1.52
-1.61
-1.63
-1.66
0.00
0.00
-0.02
-0.07
-0.12
-0.09
-0.10
-0.12
-0.14
-0.17
-0.23
-0.31
-0.33
-0.33
-0.32
-0.27
-0.23
-0.19
-0.18
-0.25
-0.43
-0.56
-0.63
-0.59
-0.61
-0.72
-0.79
-0.91
-0.99
-1.10
-1.35
-1.69
-1.82
-1.76
0.00
0.01
0.00
-0.03
-0.08
-0.05
-0.09
-0.10
-0.12
-0.15
-0.21
-0.28
-0.30
-0.30
-0.29
-0.25
-0.21
-0.18
-0.24
-0.39
-0.53
-0.56
-0.59
-0.55
-0.59
-0.76
-0.88
-0.87
-0.78
-0.86
-1.19
-1.47
-1.47
-1.56
0.00
0.00
-0.01
-0.05
-0.09
-0.05
-0.10
-0.12
-0.14
-0.17
-0.24
-0.32
-0.36
-0.35
-0.34
-0.31
-0.26
-0.21
-0.21
-0.35
-0.55
-0.67
-0.72
-0.72
-0.72
-0.81
-0.85
-0.87
-0.84
-0.93
-1.14
-1.25
-1.20
-1.43
0.00
0.01
0.01
-0.03
-0.05
-0.03
-0.07
-0.09
-0.11
-0.15
-0.23
-0.30
-0.32
-0.32
-0.31
-0.28
-0.26
-0.24
-0.29
-0.38
-0.55
-0.64
-0.69
-0.66
-0.72
-0.96
-1.12
-1.07
-0.91
-0.92
-1.11
-1.29
-1.31
-1.41
0.00
0.02
0.03
0.00
-0.08
-0.04
-0.04
-0.06
-0.08
-0.11
-0.20
-0.28
-0.29
-0.27
-0.24
-0.22
-0.21
-0.19
-0.24
-0.36
-0.59
-0.67
-0.72
-0.71
-0.76
-0.92
-1.02
-1.04
-0.99
-1.11
-1.38
-1.49
-1.39
-1.30
0.00
0.00
0.00
-0.03
-0.10
-0.07
-0.04
-0.07
-0.09
-0.12
-0.21
-0.29
-0.28
-0.28
-0.26
-0.21
-0.17
-0.11
-0.18
-0.29
-0.48
-0.60
-0.65
-0.65
-0.74
-1.00
-1.20
-1.20
-1.10
-1.13
-1.33
-1.45
-1.45
-1.62
0.00
-0.02
-0.01
-0.04
-0.11
-0.06
-0.06
-0.10
-0.11
-0.13
-0.22
-0.29
-0.27
-0.29
-0.27
-0.22
-0.21
-0.12
-0.19
-0.26
-0.50
-0.55
-0.59
-0.60
-0.60
-0.83
-1.06
-1.11
-1.07
-1.16
-1.43
-1.60
-1.60
-1.66
0.00
0.00
0.02
0.00
-0.09
-0.05
-0.01
-0.05
-0.06
-0.07
-0.19
-0.29
-0.26
-0.28
-0.25
-0.18
-0.21
-0.09
-0.20
-0.25
-0.52
-0.52
-0.58
-0.56
-0.53
-0.76
-0.95
-0.95
-0.81
-0.87
-1.12
-1.29
-1.35
-1.50
0.00
0.00
0.02
-0.01
-0.12
-0.03
0.00
-0.06
-0.06
-0.06
-0.18
-0.27
-0.21
-0.23
-0.21
-0.11
-0.18
-0.04
-0.18
-0.18
-0.49
-0.50
-0.59
-0.56
-0.54
-0.82
-1.02
-0.99
-0.84
-0.85
-1.03
-1.18
-1.14
-1.19
0.00
-0.01
0.01
-0.01
-0.13
-0.03
0.02
-0.04
-0.04
-0.03
-0.13
-0.22
-0.15
-0.18
-0.18
-0.06
-0.11
0.05
-0.09
-0.11
-0.42
-0.39
-0.50
-0.45
-0.43
-0.75
-0.93
-0.91
-0.81
-0.86
-1.09
-1.23
-1.19
-1.23
0.00
-0.03
0.00
-0.01
-0.09
0.00
0.04
-0.02
-0.03
-0.02
-0.13
-0.22
-0.13
-0.15
-0.16
-0.03
-0.07
0.07
-0.04
-0.04
-0.29
-0.29
-0.41
-0.29
-0.31
-0.60
-0.75
-0.71
-0.62
-0.68
-0.93
-1.07
-1.00
-1.03
0.00
-0.03
-0.01
-0.04
-0.22
-0.06
0.00
-0.08
-0.06
-0.01
-0.11
-0.22
-0.16
-0.19
-0.19
-0.06
-0.09
0.10
0.01
-0.06
-0.33
-0.31
-0.42
-0.27
-0.32
-0.60
-0.69
-0.65
-0.57
-0.66
-0.90
-1.02
-0.94
-0.92
Angle in Degrees
Appendix
Nominal Frequency
[Hz]
5000
5300
5600
6000
6300
6700
7100
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10600
11200
11800
12500
13200
14000
15000
16000
17000
18000
19000
20000
Actual
Frequency [Hz]
Angle in Degrees
90
95
5011,87 -1.54 -1.54
5308,84 -1.97 -1.84
5623,41 -1.90 -1.97
5956,62 -1.98 -2.40
6309,57 -1.97 -2.41
6683,44 -2.28 -2.33
7079,46 -2.70 -2.53
7498,94 -3.25 -3.15
7943,28 -3.29 -3.52
8413,95 -3.34 -3.64
8912,51 -4.04 -4.17
9440,61 -4.08 -4.32
10000,00 -4.41 -4.95
10592,50 -4.84 -5.66
11220,20 -5.08 -5.29
11885,00 -5.81 -6.22
12589,30 -6.24 -6.68
13335,20 -6.47 -6.80
14125,40 -7.09 -7.62
14962,40 -7.77 -8.15
15848,90 -8.14 -8.57
16788,00 -9.03 -9.53
17782,80 -9.76 -10.24
18836,50 -10.50 -11.05
19952,60 -11.34 -11.75
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
155
160
165
170
175
180
-1.97
-1.95
-1.84
-2.27
-2.66
-2.93
-2.80
-3.03
-3.42
-3.82
-4.41
-4.57
-5.13
-5.73
-5.96
-6.60
-7.02
-7.26
-7.91
-8.31
-9.46
-9.85
-10.80
-11.74
-12.63
-2.36
-2.45
-2.19
-2.24
-2.33
-3.03
-3.16
-3.66
-3.57
-3.66
-4.47
-4.55
-5.26
-5.89
-5.82
-6.69
-7.57
-7.56
-8.27
-8.80
-9.82
-10.29
-10.99
-12.45
-13.00
-2.08
-2.54
-2.63
-2.80
-2.52
-2.93
-2.90
-3.59
-4.16
-4.19
-4.43
-4.70
-5.09
-5.99
-6.22
-6.84
-7.29
-7.63
-8.65
-9.13
-9.82
-10.41
-11.37
-12.44
-13.60
-1.67
-2.13
-2.35
-2.94
-3.10
-3.43
-3.24
-3.61
-3.83
-4.16
-5.18
-5.00
-5.64
-5.85
-5.98
-7.06
-7.66
-8.13
-8.89
-9.52
-10.40
-11.12
-11.93
-12.86
-13.92
-1.68
-1.97
-1.91
-2.34
-2.82
-3.27
-3.69
-4.21
-4.18
-4.40
-4.56
-5.17
-5.74
-6.61
-6.40
-7.08
-7.45
-8.10
-9.22
-9.70
-10.67
-11.48
-12.53
-13.22
-14.22
-2.07
-2.36
-2.14
-2.24
-2.54
-2.75
-3.21
-3.73
-4.54
-4.77
-5.53
-5.01
-5.67
-6.17
-6.63
-7.77
-8.08
-8.29
-8.90
-9.36
-10.30
-11.22
-12.49
-13.33
-14.21
-2.18
-2.54
-2.42
-2.58
-2.81
-2.94
-3.11
-3.25
-3.75
-4.11
-5.13
-5.59
-6.17
-6.86
-6.54
-7.39
-7.93
-8.45
-9.58
-9.89
-10.88
-11.33
-12.07
-12.90
-14.52
-1.95
-2.17
-2.20
-2.60
-2.94
-3.25
-3.53
-3.83
-3.90
-4.11
-4.45
-4.88
-5.59
-6.35
-6.77
-7.95
-8.49
-8.48
-9.60
-9.60
-11.05
-11.86
-12.86
-13.90
-14.27
-1.68
-1.83
-1.96
-2.33
-2.57
-2.84
-3.16
-3.91
-4.18
-4.63
-5.00
-5.00
-5.62
-6.05
-6.08
-6.88
-8.13
-8.34
-9.77
-9.91
-11.53
-11.73
-12.64
-13.76
-15.01
-1.64
-1.93
-2.06
-2.27
-2.33
-2.45
-2.69
-3.34
-3.68
-4.00
-4.78
-4.98
-5.57
-6.69
-6.38
-7.35
-7.96
-7.99
-8.84
-8.94
-10.63
-11.51
-12.84
-13.71
-14.99
-2.04
-2.27
-2.26
-2.25
-2.46
-2.69
-2.90
-3.41
-3.61
-3.65
-4.29
-4.43
-4.81
-5.69
-6.07
-6.86
-7.81
-8.30
-9.40
-9.53
-10.30
-11.22
-11.76
-13.09
-13.71
-2.00
-2.18
-2.20
-2.50
-2.86
-3.26
-3.27
-3.62
-3.79
-3.89
-4.50
-4.61
-5.16
-5.79
-5.74
-6.32
-6.96
-7.15
-7.94
-8.95
-9.99
-10.86
-11.89
-13.30
-14.36
-1.93
-2.22
-2.25
-2.48
-2.80
-3.09
-3.15
-3.67
-4.03
-4.28
-4.97
-5.29
-5.96
-6.38
-6.19
-6.89
-7.43
-7.48
-8.18
-8.85
-9.98
-10.22
-10.91
-12.01
-12.72
-1.63
-1.86
-1.83
-2.11
-2.41
-2.84
-2.90
-3.40
-3.74
-4.03
-4.73
-5.01
-5.78
-6.32
-6.46
-7.28
-8.07
-8.50
-9.45
-10.27
-11.23
-11.69
-12.08
-12.61
-13.38
-1.64
-1.93
-1.86
-2.03
-2.36
-2.68
-2.66
-3.14
-3.41
-3.57
-4.11
-4.21
-4.92
-5.56
-5.65
-6.63
-7.42
-7.89
-8.78
-9.43
-10.39
-11.46
-12.48
-13.63
-15.20
-1.37
-1.71
-1.63
-1.76
-2.16
-2.44
-2.49
-3.03
-3.38
-3.59
-4.21
-4.25
-4.99
-5.62
-5.71
-6.49
-7.11
-7.43
-8.17
-8.58
-9.57
-10.42
-11.15
-12.05
-13.07
-1.24
-1.57
-1.50
-1.57
-1.95
-2.21
-2.22
-2.78
-3.11
-3.25
-3.86
-3.94
-4.66
-5.33
-5.42
-6.22
-6.92
-7.36
-8.20
-8.69
-9.70
-10.51
-11.39
-12.01
-12.92
The maximum measurement uncertainty of the data is with 95 % probability (k=2).
• 250 Hz to 1 kHz
0.3 dB
• 1 kHz to 4 kHz
0.5 dB
• 4 kHz to 8 kHz
1.0 dB
• 8 kHz to 12,5 kHz
1.5 dB
261
Appendix
Compulsory Calibrated Applications
The following acoustic measurements have been verified by
German PTB during the type approval process:
Instantaneous sound pressure levels:
• LAF
A-weighted sound pressure level with time weighting FAST
• LAS
A-weighted sound pressure level with time weighting SLOW
• LCF
C-weighted sound pressure level with time weighting FAST
• LCS
C-weighted sound pressure level with time weighting SLOW
• LZF
unweighted sound pressure level with time weighting FAST
• LZS
unweighted sound pressure level with time weighting SLOW
• LAI
A-weighted sound pressure level with time weighting
IMPULSE
262
Time averaged sound pressure levels:
• LCpeak
Peak value of the C-weighted sound pressure level
• LAeq
A-weighted average level
• LAE
A-weighted sound exposure level
• LAFT3eq
A-weighted clock-impulse maximum level with time weighting FAST for a clock-impulse duration of 3 seconds
• LAFT5eq
A-weighted clock-impulse maximum level with time weighting FAST for a clock-impulse duration of 5 seconds
Appendix
Information for Calibration
Type Description
• Integrating sound level meter type NTi Audio XL2-TA
Approval Identification
• Germany, Switzerland:
21.21
A3
13.01
98
The XL2-TA Sound Level Meter requires that the approved
firmware version V2.52 be installed.
• Austria:
OE 14
s 020
The XL2-TA Sound Level Meter requires that the approved
firmware version V2.71 be installed.
Hints for Performing the Electrical Measurements
Electrical input facility
(Refer IEC61672-1 paragraphs 5.1.15, 9.3.g)
The capsule replacement NTI-K65-15 is used to insert electrical signals to the preamplifier MA220. The device provides at
one side a contact that corresponds to the center contact of
the replaced microphone capsule, at the other side a BNCplug for the electrical signals. The impedance at the output
of the device is 15 pF with a maximum deviation of ±1 pF.
The electrical noise floor is measured by shorting the contacts of the BNC plug. Before the NTI-K65-15 can be mounted to the preamplifier MA220, the microphone capsule must
first be detached. The nominal sensitivity S of the capsule is
S = 42 mV/Pa. Measurements with the NTI-K65-15 therefore
require that the sensitivity in the calibration menu is manually
adjusted to S = 42 mV/Pa.
The linear operating ranges according to IEC 61672 have been
verified during the type approval procedure.
263