TSW5005 – TI WiMAX 5.6-GHz Transceiver

User's Guide
SLWU045 – October 2006
TSW5005 – TI WiMAX 5.6-GHz Transceiver
Contents
1
Introduction ..........................................................................................
2
Release Inventory ..................................................................................
3
System Requirements .............................................................................
4
Operating Procedure ...............................................................................
Appendix A
Programming the TI WiMAX 5.6-GHz Transceiver Board ...........................
1
1
1
2
5
List of Figures
1
2
Connections for TX Operation .................................................................... 2
Connections for RX Operation .................................................................... 4
List of Tables
A-1
1
Reference Board Pin Assignments ............................................................... 5
Introduction
This user’s manual describes the operation of the Texas Instruments TI WiMAX 5.6-GHz Transceiver
Board and Adapter Board. The boards are supplied with a parallel port interface cable and power cable.
Operation of the board requires an external dual-power supply and a personal computer.
2
Release Inventory
The release package contains:
1. TI WiMAX 5.6-GHz Transceiver Board
2. Adapter board
3. Parallel port interface cable
4. Power cable
5. Documentation compact disc (CD)
3
System Requirements
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
+7.5-V power supply, 1 A
+4.1-V power supply, 1 A
+5-V power supply, 100 mA
Personal computer running Windows™ 98, 2000, or XP
Typical test equipment used for system measurement:
a. Signal generator: Agilent ESG Series (with baseband I/Q modulation option for 802.16x modulated
testing) or equivalent
b. Spectrum analyzer: Agilent PSA Series (with phase noise option) or equivalent
c. Vector signal analyzer: Agilent 89600 Series for 802.16x modulated EVM testing or equivalent
Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
LabVIEW is a trademark of National Instruments Corporation.
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Operating Procedure
4
Operating Procedure
4.1
TX Operation
1. Connect the RF board and adapter board together via the 70-pin I/O connector as shown in Figure 1.
Connect power, serial interface, TX I/Q baseband signals, and RF output as shown in Figure 1.
Power Cable to
+7.5-V, +4.1-V, +5-V
Power Supplies
Parallel Port Interface
Cable to PC
RF Out (J 1) to
Spectrum Analyzer
TX Q + Data Input
TX Q - Data Input
TX I + Data Input
TX I - Data Input
I DC Offset Adjust
Q DC Offset Adjust
Frequency Tuning
Figure 1. Connections for TX Operation
2. Set DIP switches on the adapter board as follows:
TX_IF_ALC[1:5] = X
TX_RF_ALC1 = 0
TX_RF_ALC2 = X
TX_RF_ALC3 = 1
RX_GAIN_SW = X
CAL_EN = X
PA_ON = 1
RX_TX_1 = 1
RX_TX_2 = 1
LNA_GAIN_SW = 0
RX_AGC_SLOW = 0
3. Turn on power supplies
4. On the control GUI, click on Configure Par Port and verify that CLOCK = bit 0, DATA = bit 1, and LE =
bit 2. Change settings if required (see Appendix A).
5. Program DUT to ACTIVE mode on the control GUI.
6. Program IF VCO and RF VCO frequencies as desired on the control GUI. Nominal IF VCO frequency
= 398 MHz. Nominal RF VCO frequency = 2998 MHz (for 5600 MHz RF output).
7. Click on Write Registers on the control GUI.
8. Observe RF output on spectrum analyzer or VSA.
9. Adjust TX I/Q input drive, TX Output Power Control setting (on control GUI), and TX_RF_ALC1 DIP
2
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Operating Procedure
switch (on adapter board) as required for desired TX output power level.
10. Adjust I Offset (R29) and Q Offset (R31) using potentiometers on adapter board to null carrier (for
single tone IQ input) or minimize I/Q offset error (for modulated IQ input).
11. Adjust AFC_ADJ (R34) on adapter board as required to minimize frequency error.
Note:
4.2
For optimum EVM performance, I/Q quadrature of the TX I and TX Q inputs must be
adjusted to minimize quadrature error. I/Q crossover resistors R234, R235, R258, and
R259 can be used to add a fixed quadrature offset to correct for I/Q non-idealities.
Contact TI for further information.
RX Operation
1. Connect the RF board and adapter board together via the 70-pin I/O connector as shown in Figure 2.
Connect power, serial interface, RX I/Q baseband signals, and RF input as shown in Figure 1.
2. Set DIP switches on the adapter board as follows:
TX_IF_ALC[1:5] = X
TX_RF_ALC1 = 0
TX_RF_ALC2 = X
TX_RF_ALC3 = 1
RX_GAIN_SW = X
CAL_EN = 1
PA_ON = 0
RX_TX_1 = 0
RX_TX_2 = 0
LNA_GAIN_SW = 1
RX_AGC_SLOW = 0
3. Verify that RF Signal Source at J1 input is OFF.
4. Turn on power supplies
5. On the control GUI, click on Configure Par Port and verify that CLOCK = Bit 0, DATA = Bit 1, and LE =
Bit 2. Change settings if required (see Appendix A).
6. Program DUT to ACTIVE mode on the control GUI.
7. Program IF VCO and RF VCO frequencies as desired on the control GUI. Nominal IF VCO frequency
= 398 MHz. Nominal RF VCO frequency = 2998 MHz (for 5600 MHz RF output).
8. Click on Write Registers on the control GUI.
9. STATUS light on adapter board should be OFF.
10. Toggle the CAL_EN DIP switch on the adapter board first LOW, then HIGH.
11. STATUS light on adapter board should be ON. Once the STATUS light is ON, the internal DC offset
calibration is active.
12. Set RF Signal Source to desired power level ( < –50 dBm) and frequency, and turn ON.
13. Observe baseband I/Q output either on spectrum analyzer (DC coupled) or VSA.
14. Adjust AGC gain using the RX_AGC potentiometer (R36) on the adapter board for desired baseband
output level. For high level RF input power (–50 dBm to –20 dBm), use the LNA_GAIN_SW and
RX_AGC_SLOW DIP switches to further reduce gain.
15. Adjust AFC_ADJ (R34) on adapter board as required to minimize frequency error.
Note:
For optimum EVM performance, I/Q quadrature of the RF input source must be adjusted
to minimize quadrature error. (No quadrature correction is available in the RX path on the
Transceiver Board).
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Operating Procedure
Power Cable to
+7.5-V, +4.1-V, +5-V
Power Supplies
Parallel Port Interface
Cable to PC
RF In (J1) From
Signal Source
RX AGC Adjust
RX Q + Data Output
Frequency Tuning
RX I - Data Output
RX Q - Data Output
RX I + Data Output
Figure 2. Connections for RX Operation
4
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Appendix A
Appendix A Programming the TI WiMAX 5.6-GHz Transceiver Board
Programming control of the TI WiMAX 5.6-GHz Transceiver Board is performed via J12 on the adapter
board. An interface cable is provided with the board to transition from J12 on the reference board to a
standard DB-25 style connector. This should be connected to the PC parallel port via a standard 1:1 wired
DB-25 cable.
The pin assignments for the reference board are shown in Table A-1:
Table A-1. Reference Board Pin Assignments
Data Bit
Signal Name
PC DB25 Pin
Ref Board J1 Pin
0
CLK
2
1
1
DATA
3
2
2
LE
4
3
—
GROUND
18
4
A CD is provided which contains the setup.exe file. This a LabVIEW™-based stand-alone executable
program for control of the TI WiMAX 5.6-GHz Transceiver Board. See the TI BWA Labview GUI
Installation Instructions.doc file on the CD for installation instructions.
After installation, the following main menu should appear after clicking START → PROGRAMS →
TI_BWA:
Click on the 5.8 GHz Eval Board button. The following control GUI should appear:
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Parallel Port Configuration
All controls needed to program the TI WiMAX 5.6-GHz Transceiver Board are available on the main
screen (identical controls as the TRF2432 chip).See the TRF2432 data sheet (SLWS177) for explanation
of controls. The Actual Output Frequency is shown for convenience only and is the calculated RF
frequency that is generated.
A.1
Parallel Port Configuration
The parallel port address and pin assignments can be modified by clicking on the Configure Par Port
button. The default parallel port address is 378, and the pin assignments must be set to match Table A-1.
To ensure proper operation, ensure that the bit settings are set as follows:
Bit for CLK = 0
Bit for DATA = 1
Bit for LE = 2
A.2
Manual Register Control
Manual bit-by-bit control of all programming registers is available by clicking on the Set Bits Individually
button. The register/bit assignments are in the same order as Table 16 of the data sheet.
After modifying bit settings, press the SEND button next to a register to write the new values to the
TRF2432. Any changes made to the bit settings on this panel are reflected on the main panel when the
manual panel is closed.
CAUTION
Manually modifying bit settings can potentially send invalid control
values. Use at your own risk.
6
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Manual Frequency Control
A.3
Manual Frequency Control
The Manual Freq Control panel allows input of IF/RF register values and any reference frequency. It
calculates the resulting IF VCO and RF VCO frequencies. Pressing the SEND button writes the new
register values to the TRF2432. This panel is intended for use in cases where an external reference
frequency other than 40 MHz or 44 MHz is used.
CAUTION
Manually modifying frequency control registers can potentially send
invalid control values. Use at your own risk.
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7
EVALUATION BOARD/KIT IMPORTANT NOTICE
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It is important to operate this EVM within the input voltage range of 0 V to 3.3 V and the output voltage range of 0 V to 3.3 V.
Exceeding the specified input range may cause unexpected operation and/or irreversible damage to the EVM. If there are
questions concerning the input range, please contact a TI field representative prior to connecting the input power.
Applying loads outside of the specified output range may result in unintended operation and/or possible permanent damage to the
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specification, please contact a TI field representative.
During normal operation, some circuit components may have case temperatures greater than 85°C. The EVM is designed to
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these devices during operation, please be aware that these devices may be very warm to the touch.
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