Serial-ATA
RAID Card
Version 1.0
Contents
Features …………...........……………………………….P.4
Specifications …………...........……………………………….P.5
Package Content..........………………………………….P.5
System Requirement …………………………………….P.6
Driver Installation …………………………………….…....P.6
Windows 2000/XP/2003 Fresh Installation….........................P.9
Driver and software installation ……………………….….….....P.16
Bios configuration utility……………………………. P.22
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Overview
Serial ATA is the next-generation internal storage inter-connect,
designed to replace parallel ATA technology. Serial ATA is the
proactive evolution of the ATA interface from a parallel bus to serial
bus
architecture.
This
architecture
overcomes
the
electrical
constraints that are increasing the difficulty of continued speed
enhancements for the classic parallel ATA bus.
Introduction
The PCI SATA Host Card is PCI Serial-ATA I Controller Card which
provides an efficient and economical way for users increasing the
speed or fault-tolerance of their PC. It is fully compliant Serial ATA
ports on the device side to access Serial ATA storage media such as
hard disk drives, CD-RW and DVD-ROM drives.
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Features
The Serial-ATA PCI card is a true 32-bit PCI-Bus Serial-ATA card. It
supports the following I/O feature.
‧ Supports ATA 133 high performance hard disk drive.
‧ Supports hard disk drive larger than 137 GB (48-bits LBA).
‧ Dual independent ATA channels and maximum connection of four
hard disk drives allowed.
‧ Supports Ultra DMA mode 6/5/4/3/2/1/0, DMA mode 2/1/0, and PIO
mode 4/3/2/1/0.
‧ Supports PCI Plug and Play. PCI interrupt sharing and coexists
with mainboard IDE controller.
‧ Supports IDE bus master operation.
‧ Supports RAID 0, 1, 0+1, and JBOD.
‧ 4 KB to 64 KB striping block size support.
‧ Bootable disk or disk array support.
‧ Windows-based RAID configure and management software tool.
(Compatible with BIOS)
‧ Real-time monitoring of device status and error alarm with popup
message box and beeping.
‧ Supports hot-swap failed disk drive in RAID 1 and 0+1 array.
‧ Mirroring automatic background rebuilds support.
‧ ATA SMART function support.
‧ Microsoft Windows 98, Me, NT4.0, 2000, XP operating systems
support.
‧ Event log for easy troubleshooting.
‧ On-line help for easy operation for RAID software.
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Specifications
Interface: PCI 32 bit/66 MHz
Mode: Serial ATA I
Controller: VIA VT6421
RAID: RAID 0 (Striping) , RAID 1 (Mirroring) , RAID 0 + 1 (Striping +
Mirroring ) and JBOP
Channel: Two internal Serial ATA ports and one interface ATA ports
O.S. Support: Windows98, Me, NT4.0, 2000, XP, 2003
Environment:
Operation temperature: 0℃~57℃
Storage temperature:-20℃~85℃
Operation humidity: 5℃~95% RH
Package Content
Check if the following items are present and in good condition upon
opening your package. Contract your retailer if any of the items is
damaged or missing.
1. Serial-ATA PCI Host Controller × 1
2. Serial-ATA Cable x 1
3. CD Driver x 1
4. User Manual x 1
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System Requirements
z Available PCI slot
z Serial-ATA or ATA driver
z Serial-ATA or ATA cables
z Driver support Windows 98SE / ME / 2000 / XP / 2003
Driver Installation
‹
Windows 2000/XP/2003 Fresh Installation
Follow the instructions in this section if you are performing a new
installation of Windows 2000/XP/2003 and you wish to boot from a
device attached to the SATA PCI Card.
1. Power off the system. Insert the SATA host card into an available
PCI slot. Connect Serial ATA cable(s) between the SATA host
card and the Serial ATA device(s). Power up the system.
2. Copy all files from directory into the diskette. Put your Windows
2000/XP/2003 CD into the CD-ROM/DVD drive, or the 2000 / XP /
2003
[ Ex : \Serial-ATA\ Serial-ATA\VIA\DriverDisk\]
3. Boot diskette #1 in the floppy drive if your system cannot boot from
the CD.
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4. Install Step by Step
4.1
Press [ F6 ] for third party SCSI or driver installation at the
beginning of text mode installation.
4.2
Press [ S ] when setup asks if you want to specify an
additional device, and insert the diskette which you had
copied.
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4.3
Press [ Enter ] and select [ VIA RAID Controller ].
4.4
Press [ Enter ] again when prompted to continue on with text
mode setup.
5. Follow the setup instructions to select your choice for partition and
file system.
6. After setup examines your disks, it will copy files from the CD to
the hard drive selected above and restart the system. After restart
the setup process will resume to finish the installation.
7. Once the operating system installation has completed you can
follow the instructions in section 4 to verify controller was installed
correctly.
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‹
Driver and software installation
1. After Windows has finished booting up, the system will
automatically find the newly installed adapter and prompt the
Found New Hardware Wizard window. Click Cancel to skip it.
2 Insert the RAID driver and software installation CD or diskettes.
Browse the CD or diskettes and double click on setup.exe to begin
the driver and software installation.
[ Ex : \Serial-ATA\ Serial-ATA\VIA ]
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3 Confirm the follow-up dialogue windows to finish the installation.
When the installation is completed, click Finish to restart the system.
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Verify Installation
1. Right-click on My Computer and the select Properties from the
popup menu.
2. From the popup window, click on Hardware, then click on Device
Manager.
3. Expand the SCSI and RAID controllers tree as shown below. If the
VIA IDE RAID Host Controller does not exist or there is a “ ?” or
“ !”
marking on the device icon, then the driver has not been
installed correctly and needs to be reinstalled.
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‹
Raid software
Installation
The RAID software is installed simultaneously with driver installation.
Getting Start
After installing the GUI software, it will be automatically started every
time Windows is started. An icon
will appear in the system tray
of the tool bar to indicate that GUI software is currently running.
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Double click on the system tray icon to launch the main interface of
the utility.
The main interface is divided into two windows and the toolbar above
contain the main functions. Click on these toolbar buttons to
execute specific functions. The left windowpane displays the
controller and disk drives and the right windowpane displays the
details of the controller or disk drives.
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View Controller and Device Status
Click on
or
button to determine the viewing type of left
windowpane. There are two viewing types: By controllers
and by device. Click on the object in the left windowpane to display
the status of the object in the right windowpane.
Create Disk Array
1. The following four buttons are used to create a disk array
depending on users’
RAID1,
preference:
Span,
RAID 0, and
RAID 0+1. Click on
the RAID button you want to create, the Select Array Creating
Method will be displayed.
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Auto: The utility will arrange the available hard disk drives to be the
disk arrays. The hard disk drives can still be modified later.
This method is strongly recommended.
Custom: The utility will provide an interface to manually arrange the
array.
2. Click on “ Auto” to launch the creating array window. If you
select Custom, the available disks window lists the available disk
drives that can be used to create the array. Select a disk drive and
click on the right arrow button to add the specified disk drive to the
array. Disk drives can be removed from the array by selecting an
array disk and clicking on the left arrow button to remove the drive
from the array.
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Click on “ Create” to continue or “ Cancel” to exit. Click on
“ Help” to launch the Help Topics window.
3. A warning message will pop up after clicking on Create. Click Yes
to finish the creation of disk array, or No to cancel.
4. A message box will popup to prompt the user to restart the
computer. Click Yes to restart the computer or click No to skip
restarting. The new disk array setting will take effect only after
restarting.
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Delete Disk Array
1. Select the disk array that you want to delete from the left
windowpane. Click on Remove Array
. A warning message
wills popup.
2. Click Yes to delete the specified disk array or click No to cancel.
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3. A message box wills popup to prompt the user to restart the
computer. Click Yes to restart the computer or click No to skip
restarting. The new setting will take effect only after restarting.
Warning: Deleting a disk array will destroy all the data on the disk
array except RAID 1 arrays. When a RAID 1 array is deleted, the data
on these two hard disk drives will still remain and become two normal
disk drives.
Add and Remove Spare Disk Drive
Add Spare Disk Drive
A spare disk drive can be added when a RAID 1 array is created. The
capacity of the spare disk drive must be greater than or equal to the
capacity of the RAID 1 array. If there is no spare disk drive in a RAID
1 array, user can add a spare disk drive after RAID 1 array is created
by clicking on
1. Select the RAID 1 array in the left windowpane and click on
Then the available disk drives will be listed in a popup window.
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.
2. Select a disk drive and click on OK to add a spare disk drive to
RAID 1.
3. A warning message wills popup. Click Yes to finish adding the
spare disk, or No to cancel.
4. A message box wills popup to prompt the user to restart the
computer. Click Yes to restart the computer or click No to skip
restarting. The new setting will take effect only after restarting.
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Remove Spare Disk Drive
Spare disk drives can be removed from a specified RAID 1 and
changed into normal hard disk drives.
1. Select the RAID 1 array that you want to remove spare disk drive
in the left windowpane and click on
. A warning message wills
popup.
2. Click Yes to finish removing spare disk, or No to cancel.
3. A message box wills popup to prompt the user to restart the
computer. Click Yes to restart the computer or click No to skip
restarting. The new setting will take effect only after restarting
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‹
Bios configuration utility
Enter BIOS Configuration Utility
When the system powers on, the following information will appear on
screen. Press the [Tab] key to enter BIOS configuration utility.
The main interface of BIOS configuration utility is as below:
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Create Disk Array
1. Use the arrow keys to navigate the menu. Select [Create Array]
and press [Enter] to call out the list of creation steps.
2. Select [Array Mode] and press [Enter]. A list of array modes will
appear. Highlight the target array mode that you want to create,
and press [Enter] to confirm the selection. If RAID 1 or RAID 0/1 is
selected, an option list will popup and enable the users to select
Create only or Create and duplicate. Create only will allow BIOS to
only create an array. The data on the mirroring drive may be
different from the source drive. [Create and duplicate] allows BIOS
to copy the data from the source to the mirroring drive.
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3. After array mode is selected, there are two methods to create a
disk array. One method is [Auto Setup] and the other one is
[Select Disk Drives]. [Auto Setup] allows BIOS to select the disk
drives and create arrays automatically but it does not duplicate the
mirroring drives even if the user selected [Create and duplicate] for
RAID 1 or 0+1. It is recommended all disk drives are new ones
when wanting to create an array. [Select Disk Drives] lets the user
select the array drives by their requirements. When using [Select
Disk Drives] , the channel column will be activated. Highlight the
drives that you want to use and press [Enter] to select them. After
all drives have been selected, press [Enter] to go back to the
creation steps menu.
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4. If RAID 0 or RAID 0+1 was selected in step 2, the block size of the
array can also be selected. Use the arrow key to highlight [Block
Size] and press [Enter]. Then select a block size from the popup
menu. The block size can be 4KB to 64KB.
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5. Use the arrow key to highlight [Start Create Process] and press
[Enter]. A confirmation message will appear. Press Y to finish the
creation, or press N to cancel the creation.
6. Important note: All existing content in the hard drive will be
destroyed during array creation.
Delete Disk Array
A RAID can be deleted after it has been created. To delete a RAID,
use the following steps:
1. Select [Delete Array] and press [Enter]. The channel column will be
activated.
2. Select the member of an array that is to be deleted and press
[Enter]. A warning message will display. Press Y to delete or press
N to cancel.
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Deleting a disk array will destroy all the data on the disk array except
RAID 1 arrays. When a RAID is deleted, the data on these two hard
disk drives will be reserved and become two normal disk drives.
Create and Delete Spare Hard Drive
If a RAID 1 array is created and there are drives that do not belong
to other arrays, the one that has a capacity which is equal to or
greater than the array capacity cab be selected as a spare drive for
the RAID 1 array. Select [Create/Delete Spare] and press [Enter] and
he channel column will be activated. Select the drive that you want to
use as a spare drive and press [Enter]. The selected drive will be
marked as [Spare]. The spare drive cannot be accessed in an OS.
To delete a spare drive, highlight [Create/Delete Spare] and press
[Enter]. The spare drive will be highlighted. Press [Enter] to delete the
spare drive.
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Select Boot Array
User can select a disk array as boot device if user wants to boot
operating system from an array. Boot disk array cannot be selected if
the operating system does not boot from the disk array. Highlight the
[Select Boot Array] item, then press [Enter] and the channel column
will be activated. Then highlight the target disk array and press
[Enter]. If user selects a disk array that has a boot mark and press
[Enter], its boot setting will be canceled.
View Serial Number of Hard Drive
Highlight [Serial Number View] and press [Enter]. Use arrow key to
select a drive, the selected drive’ s serial number can be viewed in
the last column. The serial number is assigned by the disk drive
manufacturer.
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View Array Status
Press the [F1] key to show the array status on the screen. If there
are no disk arrays then nothing will be displayed on the screen.
Duplicate Critical RAID 1/0+1 Array
When booting up the system, BIOS will detect if the RAID 1 or
RAID 0+1 array has any inconsistencies between user data and
backup data. If BIOS detects any inconsistencies, then the status of
the disk array will be marked as critical and BIOS will prompt the user
to duplicate the RAID 1 or 0+1 to make the backup data consistent
with the user data.
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Continue to boot will enable duplicating the array after booting into
OS.
Rebuild Broken RAID 1/0+1 Array
When booting up the system, BIOS will detect if any member disk
drives of RAID has failed or is absent. If BIOS detects any disk drive
failures or missing disk drives, the status of the array will be marked
as broken.
If BIOS detects a broken RAID 1 array but there is a spare hard
drive available for rebuilding the broken array, the spare hard drive
will automatically become the mirroring drive. BIOS will show a main
interface just like a duplicated RAID 1 main interface. [Continue to
boot] enables the user to duplicate the array after booting into
operating system. If BIOS detects a broken RAID 1 or 0+1 array but
there is no spare hard drive available for rebuilding the array, BIOS
will provide several operations to solve such problem.
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1. Power off and check the failed drive
This item turns off the computer and replaces the failed hard drive
with a good one. If your computer does not support APM, you must
turn off your computer manually. After replacing the hard drive, boot
into BIOS and select [Choose replacement drive and rebuild] to
rebuild the broken array.
2. Destroy the Mirroring Relationship
This item cancels the data mirroring relationship of the broken
array. For broken RAID 1 arrays, the data on the surviving disk will
remain after the destroy operation. For broken RAID 0+1 arrays, all
data on the array will be lost after destroy operation. However,
[Destroy the Mirroring Relationship] is not recommending because
the data on the remaining disk will be lost when you use the hard
drive to create another RAID 1 array.
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3. Choose replacement drive and rebuild
This item enables the user to select an already-connected hard
drive to rebuild the broken array. After choosing a hard drive, the
channel column will be activated.
Highlight the target hard drive and press [Enter], a warning message
will appear. Press Y to use that hard drive to rebuild, or press N to
cancel. Please note that rebuilding the array will destroy all the data
on the replacement hard drive.
4. Continue to boot
This item skips the problem and allows the system to continue
booting into OS.
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