Production Bundle Users Guide
Metric Halo
Revision: v1.0.5
Publication date Mon Jun 24 12:11:12 EDT 2013
Copyright © 2013 Metric Halo. MH Production Bundle, ChannelStrip 3, Character, HaloVerb, Multiband Dynamics, Multiband Expander, Precision DeEsser, and TransientControl are our trademarks. All other trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
Table of Contents
I. Installation ..................................................................................................................................
1. System Requirements ..........................................................................................................
2. Installation .........................................................................................................................
Macintosh ......................................................................................................................
Windows .......................................................................................................................
Update Notification ........................................................................................................
3. Introduction .......................................................................................................................
II. Character ...................................................................................................................................
4. Introduction .......................................................................................................................
5. Operation ..........................................................................................................................
Character Model Menu ...................................................................................................
Tooltip Control ...............................................................................................................
Control Knob .................................................................................................................
Output Meter .................................................................................................................
6. Processing ..........................................................................................................................
A Detailed Description ....................................................................................................
Drive .....................................................................................................................
Character Model .....................................................................................................
Output Gain ...........................................................................................................
Using Character in Your Projects .....................................................................................
III. ChannelStrip 3 ..........................................................................................................................
7. Introduction .......................................................................................................................
8. Operation ..........................................................................................................................
Control Knob .................................................................................................................
Toggle Button .................................................................................................................
Fader .............................................................................................................................
Filter Type ......................................................................................................................
Sidechain Routing Switch ................................................................................................
Sidechain Listen Button ...................................................................................................
Compressor Character .....................................................................................................
User Interface Control .....................................................................................................
Tooltip Control ...............................................................................................................
Graphs Disclosure Control ..............................................................................................
Peak Meter .....................................................................................................................
Gain Reduction Meter .....................................................................................................
Peak, RMS, VU Output Meter ..........................................................................................
EQ Transfer Function ......................................................................................................
Spectragraph Analyzer ....................................................................................................
Dynamics Knee ..............................................................................................................
Auto Enables ..................................................................................................................
9. Processing ..........................................................................................................................
A Detailed Description ....................................................................................................
Input Conditioning ..........................................................................................................
Gate/Expander ................................................................................................................
Theory Of Operation ..............................................................................................
Gate Enable ...........................................................................................................
Threshold Control ...................................................................................................
Attack Control ........................................................................................................
Release Control ......................................................................................................
Using The Sidechain Key Input w/Selectable Filter .....................................................
Sidechain Listen Button ...........................................................................................
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Production Bundle Users Guide
Sidechain Routing Button ........................................................................................
Sidechain Filter Enable ............................................................................................
Filter Type Button ...................................................................................................
Filter Band Boost/Cut Control ..................................................................................
Filter Band Frequency .............................................................................................
Filter Bandwidth .....................................................................................................
Compressor ....................................................................................................................
Theory Of Operation ..............................................................................................
Audio Dynamics .....................................................................................................
Compressor Enable .................................................................................................
Post EQ .................................................................................................................
Auto Gain ..............................................................................................................
Compressor Knee Control ........................................................................................
Manual Make-Up Gain ...........................................................................................
Compressor Character .............................................................................................
Threshold Control ...................................................................................................
Ratio Control ..........................................................................................................
Attack Control ........................................................................................................
Release Control ......................................................................................................
Using The Sidechain Key Input w/Selectable Filter .....................................................
Sidechain Listen Button ...........................................................................................
Sidechain Routing Button ........................................................................................
Sidechain Filter Enable ............................................................................................
Filter Type Button ...................................................................................................
Filter Band Boost/Cut Control ..................................................................................
Filter Band Frequency .............................................................................................
Filter Bandwidth .....................................................................................................
Equalizer ........................................................................................................................
Theory Of Operation ..............................................................................................
Master Enable Button ..............................................................................................
Filter Type Button ...................................................................................................
Filter Enable Button ................................................................................................
Filter Band Boost/Cut Control ..................................................................................
Filter Band Frequency .............................................................................................
Filter Bandwidth .....................................................................................................
Controlling The EQ With The Transfer Function ........................................................
Master Gain ...........................................................................................................
Delay Section .................................................................................................................
Limiter ...........................................................................................................................
IV. HaloVerb ..................................................................................................................................
10. Introduction ......................................................................................................................
11. Operation .........................................................................................................................
Control Knob .................................................................................................................
Tooltip Control ...............................................................................................................
Graph Disclosure ............................................................................................................
Output Level Meter .........................................................................................................
Low and High Frequency Pre-filter ...................................................................................
Reverb Impulse Display ..................................................................................................
12. Processing ........................................................................................................................
A Detailed Description ....................................................................................................
Prefilter ..........................................................................................................................
Reverb ...........................................................................................................................
Predelay .................................................................................................................
RT60 .....................................................................................................................
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Damping ................................................................................................................
Diffusion ................................................................................................................
Width ....................................................................................................................
Wet/Dry Control .............................................................................................................
Output Gain ...................................................................................................................
V. Multiband Dynamics ..................................................................................................................
13. Introduction ......................................................................................................................
14. Operation .........................................................................................................................
Control Knob .................................................................................................................
Toggle Button .................................................................................................................
Fader .............................................................................................................................
Band Solo Button ...........................................................................................................
Tooltip Control ...............................................................................................................
Graphs Disclosure Control ..............................................................................................
Gain Reduction Meter .....................................................................................................
Output Meter .................................................................................................................
Dynamic Transfer Function ..............................................................................................
Spectragraph Analyzer ....................................................................................................
Dynamics Knee ..............................................................................................................
15. Processing ........................................................................................................................
A Detailed Description ....................................................................................................
Input Conditioning ..........................................................................................................
Crossover .......................................................................................................................
Compressor ....................................................................................................................
Introduction ............................................................................................................
Compressor Enable .................................................................................................
Band Solo Button ...................................................................................................
Auto Gain ..............................................................................................................
Threshold Control ...................................................................................................
Manual Make-Up Gain ...........................................................................................
Ratio Control ..........................................................................................................
Compressor Knee Control ........................................................................................
Attack Control ........................................................................................................
Release Control ......................................................................................................
Limiter ...........................................................................................................................
Limiter Enable ........................................................................................................
Input Gain .............................................................................................................
Threshold ...............................................................................................................
Limiter Knee Control ...............................................................................................
VI. Multiband Expander ..................................................................................................................
16. Introduction ......................................................................................................................
17. Operation .........................................................................................................................
Control Knob .................................................................................................................
Toggle Button .................................................................................................................
Fader .............................................................................................................................
Band Solo Button ...........................................................................................................
Tooltip Control ...............................................................................................................
Graphs Disclosure Control ..............................................................................................
Gain Reduction Meter .....................................................................................................
Output Meter .................................................................................................................
Dynamic Transfer Function ..............................................................................................
Spectragraph Analyzer ....................................................................................................
Dynamics Knee ..............................................................................................................
18. Processing ........................................................................................................................
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Production Bundle Users Guide
A Detailed Description .................................................................................................... 91
Input Conditioning .......................................................................................................... 91
Crossover ....................................................................................................................... 91
Expander ........................................................................................................................ 92
Introduction ............................................................................................................ 92
Expander Enable ..................................................................................................... 93
Band Solo Button ................................................................................................... 93
Threshold Control ................................................................................................... 93
Attack Control ........................................................................................................ 93
Release Control ...................................................................................................... 93
VII. Precision DeEsser ..................................................................................................................... 94
19. Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 96
20. Operation ......................................................................................................................... 97
Control Knob ................................................................................................................. 97
Listen Control ................................................................................................................. 97
Tooltip Control ............................................................................................................... 98
DeEsser Detector Level Meter .......................................................................................... 98
Gain Reduction Meter ..................................................................................................... 98
Ess Band Transfer Function .............................................................................................. 99
Spectragraph Analyzer .................................................................................................... 99
21. Processing ...................................................................................................................... 101
A Detailed Description .................................................................................................. 101
Ess Band Filter .............................................................................................................. 101
Compressor .................................................................................................................. 101
Threshold Control ................................................................................................. 102
Ratio Control ........................................................................................................ 102
Attack Control ...................................................................................................... 102
Release Control .................................................................................................... 102
VIII. TransientControl .................................................................................................................... 103
22. Introduction .................................................................................................................... 105
23. Operation ....................................................................................................................... 106
Control Knob ................................................................................................................ 106
Output Meter ............................................................................................................... 106
UI Mode Button ........................................................................................................... 106
Tooltip Control ............................................................................................................. 108
Process Meter ............................................................................................................... 108
Basic Controls .............................................................................................................. 108
Advanced Controls ........................................................................................................ 108
24. Processing ...................................................................................................................... 109
A Detailed Description .................................................................................................. 109
Transient Detector ................................................................................................. 109
Transient Gain ...................................................................................................... 109
Sustain Detector ................................................................................................... 109
Sustain Gain ......................................................................................................... 110
Output Gain ......................................................................................................... 110
IX. Working with Hosts ................................................................................................................. 111
25. Pro Tools (Mac/Win) ....................................................................................................... 113
Plug-in Window ........................................................................................................... 113
Key Commands ............................................................................................................ 114
26. AU Hosts (Mac) .............................................................................................................. 115
Logic ........................................................................................................................... 115
Plug-in Window ................................................................................................... 115
X. Appendices .............................................................................................................................. 116
A. Key Commands ................................................................................................................ 118
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Production Bundle Users Guide
B. Service and Support .......................................................................................................... 119
C. Changelog ....................................................................................................................... 120
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List of Figures
2.1. MH Production Bundle.pkg ......................................................................................................
2.2. Opening Dialog .......................................................................................................................
2.3. License Agreement ...................................................................................................................
2.4. Accepting the License Agreement ..............................................................................................
2.5. Selecting the Installation Disk ...................................................................................................
2.6. Selecting the Installation Location .............................................................................................
2.7. Giving the Installer Permission ..................................................................................................
2.8. Installation Complete ...............................................................................................................
2.9. MH Production Bundle Installer msi ..........................................................................................
2.10. Opening Dialog .....................................................................................................................
2.11. Permission to Write Files ........................................................................................................
2.12. Installation Complete ..............................................................................................................
4.1. Character's User Interface ........................................................................................................
5.1. Character Model Menu ...........................................................................................................
5.2. Tooltip Control .......................................................................................................................
5.3. Control Knob .........................................................................................................................
5.4. Output Meter .........................................................................................................................
6.1. Character Block Diagram ........................................................................................................
7.1. ChannelStrip's User Interface ...................................................................................................
8.1. Swept Knob ...........................................................................................................................
8.2. Plus/Minus Knob ....................................................................................................................
8.3. Spread Knob ..........................................................................................................................
8.4. Limiter Knob ..........................................................................................................................
8.5. Toggle Button (Off) .................................................................................................................
8.6. Toggle Button (On) .................................................................................................................
8.7. Master Fader ..........................................................................................................................
8.8. Peaking/Parametric ..................................................................................................................
8.9. Low Cut ................................................................................................................................
8.10. High Cut ..............................................................................................................................
8.11. Low Shelf .............................................................................................................................
8.12. High Shelf ............................................................................................................................
8.13. Bandpass ..............................................................................................................................
8.14. Sidechain Routing Switch ......................................................................................................
8.15. Sidechain Listen Button (Disabled) .........................................................................................
8.16. Sidechain Listen Button (Enabled) ...........................................................................................
8.17. Compressor Character Switch ................................................................................................
8.18. UI Size Control ....................................................................................................................
8.19. Tooltip Control .....................................................................................................................
8.20. Graph Disclosure Button .......................................................................................................
8.21. Peak Meter ...........................................................................................................................
8.22. Gain Reduction Meter ...........................................................................................................
8.23. Output Meter .......................................................................................................................
8.24. EQ Transfer Function ............................................................................................................
8.25. Spectragraph Display ............................................................................................................
8.26. Dynamics Knee ....................................................................................................................
9.1. Signal Flow: Compressor is Pre-EQ ..........................................................................................
9.2. Signal Flow: Compressor is Post-EQ .........................................................................................
9.3. Gate/Expander ........................................................................................................................
9.4. Compressor ............................................................................................................................
9.5. Knee Control at 0 ...................................................................................................................
9.6. Knee Control at 1 ...................................................................................................................
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9.7. Knee Control at -0.5 ...............................................................................................................
9.8. EQ Section .............................................................................................................................
9.9. Peaking/Parametric ..................................................................................................................
9.10. Low Cut ...............................................................................................................................
9.11. High Cut ..............................................................................................................................
9.12. Low Shelf .............................................................................................................................
9.13. High Shelf ............................................................................................................................
9.14. Bandpass ..............................................................................................................................
9.15. Limiter .................................................................................................................................
10.1. HaloVerb's User Interface ......................................................................................................
11.1. Swept Knob ..........................................................................................................................
11.2. Spread Knob ........................................................................................................................
11.3. Plus/Minus Knob ...................................................................................................................
11.4. Tooltip Control .....................................................................................................................
11.5. Graphs Closed ......................................................................................................................
11.6. Graphs Open .......................................................................................................................
11.7. HaloVerb Output Level Meter ................................................................................................
11.8. Low and High Frequency Pre-filter .........................................................................................
11.9. Reverb Impulse Display .........................................................................................................
11.10. Energy Time Curve ..............................................................................................................
12.1. Signal Flow ..........................................................................................................................
12.2. Pre-filters at 34 Hz and 9kHz .................................................................................................
12.3. Predelay of 0 ms ....................................................................................................................
12.4. Predelay of 45 ms ..................................................................................................................
12.5. RT60 of .1 Seconds ................................................................................................................
12.6. RT60 of 7 Seconds .................................................................................................................
12.7. Damping of 0% .....................................................................................................................
12.8. Damping of 100% .................................................................................................................
12.9. Diffusion of 0% .....................................................................................................................
12.10. Diffusion of 75% ..................................................................................................................
13.1. Multiband Dynamics's User Interface .....................................................................................
14.1. Swept Knob ..........................................................................................................................
14.2. Plus/Minus Knob ...................................................................................................................
14.3. Toggle Button (Off) ...............................................................................................................
14.4. Toggle Button (On) ...............................................................................................................
14.5. Output Gain .........................................................................................................................
14.6. Band Solo Button (Disabled) ..................................................................................................
14.7. Band Solo Button (Enabled) ...................................................................................................
14.8. Tooltip Control .....................................................................................................................
14.9. Graph Disclosure Button .......................................................................................................
14.10. Gain Reduction Meter .........................................................................................................
14.11. Output Meter ......................................................................................................................
14.12. Dynamic Transfer Function ..................................................................................................
14.13. Spectragraph Display ...........................................................................................................
14.14. Dynamics Knee ..................................................................................................................
15.1. Multiband Dynamics Signal Flow ...........................................................................................
15.2. Crossover Controls ................................................................................................................
15.3. Dynamic Transfer Function ....................................................................................................
15.4. Compressor (Low Frequency Shown) ......................................................................................
15.5. Knee Control at 0 .................................................................................................................
15.6. Knee Control at 1 .................................................................................................................
15.7. Knee Control at -0.5 .............................................................................................................
15.8. Limiter .................................................................................................................................
16.1. Multiband Expander's User Interface .......................................................................................
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Production Bundle Users Guide
17.1. Swept Knob .......................................................................................................................... 84
17.2. Plus/Minus Knob ................................................................................................................... 84
17.3. Toggle Button (Off) ............................................................................................................... 85
17.4. Toggle Button (On) ............................................................................................................... 85
17.5. Output Gain ......................................................................................................................... 85
17.6. Band Solo Button (Disabled) .................................................................................................. 85
17.7. Band Solo Button (Enabled) ................................................................................................... 85
17.8. Tooltip Control ..................................................................................................................... 86
17.9. Graph Disclosure Button ....................................................................................................... 86
17.10. Gain Reduction Meter ......................................................................................................... 86
17.11. Output Meter ...................................................................................................................... 87
17.12. Dynamic Transfer Function .................................................................................................. 88
17.13. Spectragraph Display ........................................................................................................... 89
17.14. Dynamics Knee .................................................................................................................. 90
18.1. Multiband Expander Signal Flow ............................................................................................ 91
18.2. Crossover Controls ................................................................................................................ 91
18.3. Dynamic Transfer Function .................................................................................................... 92
18.4. Expander (Low Frequency Shown) .......................................................................................... 92
19.1. Precision DeEsser's User Interface .......................................................................................... 96
20.1. Swept Knob .......................................................................................................................... 97
20.2. Spread Knob ........................................................................................................................ 97
20.3. Listen Control ....................................................................................................................... 97
20.4. Tooltip Control ..................................................................................................................... 98
20.5. DeEsser Detector Level Meter ................................................................................................ 98
20.6. Gain Reduction Meter ........................................................................................................... 98
20.7. Ess Band Transfer Function .................................................................................................... 99
20.8. Spectragraph Display ............................................................................................................ 99
21.1. Signal Flow ........................................................................................................................ 101
21.2. Ess Band Filter Controls ....................................................................................................... 101
21.3. Compressor Controls ........................................................................................................... 102
22.1. TransientControl's User Interface .......................................................................................... 105
23.1. Control Knob ...................................................................................................................... 106
23.2. Output Meter ...................................................................................................................... 106
23.3. UI Mode Button .................................................................................................................. 106
23.4. Basic: Provides the Minimum Controls and Metering .............................................................. 107
23.5. Basic with Process Metering: Adds Process Metering .............................................................. 107
23.6. Advanced with Process Metering: Adds Access to the Advanced Envelope Controls .................... 107
23.7. Tooltip Control ................................................................................................................... 108
23.8. Process Meter with Settings Menu ........................................................................................ 108
24.1. TransientControl Block Diagram ........................................................................................... 109
25.1. Pro Tools Plug-in Window ................................................................................................... 113
25.2. Compare Button .................................................................................................................. 113
25.3. Automation Window, Showing Character's Parameters ........................................................... 114
26.1. Logic's Plug-in Window ...................................................................................................... 115
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List of Tables
25.1. Pro Tools Key Commands .....................................................................................................
A.1. Tooltip Control ......................................................................................................................
A.2. Control Knob Modifiers ..........................................................................................................
A.3. Numeric Field Modifiers .........................................................................................................
A.4. Meters ..................................................................................................................................
A.5. EQ Transfer Functions ............................................................................................................
A.6. Pro Tools Key Commands ......................................................................................................
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Part I. Installation
Table of Contents
1. System Requirements ..................................................................................................................
2. Installation .................................................................................................................................
Macintosh ..............................................................................................................................
Windows ...............................................................................................................................
Update Notification ................................................................................................................
3. Introduction ...............................................................................................................................
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1. System Requirements
• Pro Tools™ (Macintosh): Pro Tools 10 or higher running on a Macintosh computer. This software supports Native and AAX DSP operation.
• Pro Tools™ (Windows): Pro Tools 10 or higher running on a Windows computer. This software supports
Native and AAX DSP operation.
• Native: Any Macintosh DAW that supports Audio Unit plug-ins.
• An iLok copy protection key and account. Please note that one Production Bundle license authorizes
the software on any platform.
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2. Installation
Macintosh
Please note – The following graphics show installation on an OS 10.7 system; the process may be slightly
different in other versions of the OS, but the basic concepts are the same. Small details such as file sizes shown
may vary with subsequent releases.
• Double-click the “MH Production Bundle.pkg” application
Figure 2.1: MH Production Bundle.pkg
• The installer dialog will appear:
Figure 2.2: Opening Dialog
Click “Continue”…
• Now you will see the Metric Halo License Agreement:
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Installation
Figure 2.3: License Agreement
After you have read it, click “Continue”…
• Next click “Agree” to accept the License Agreement:
Figure 2.4: Accepting the License Agreement
• Now select the disk you would like the software to be installed to:
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Installation
Figure 2.5: Selecting the Installation Disk
We recommend installing for all users unless you have a specific reason not to. Select the drive and
click “Continue”…
• Next, you have the option to select the location on the disk you would like the software to be installed to:
Figure 2.6: Selecting the Installation Location
We recommend that you use the standard installation location unless you have a specific reason not
to. The standard locations are:
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Installation
• Plug-ins – (drivename)/Library/Application Support/Avid/Audio/Plug-Ins/MH Production Bundle
• Presets – (drivename)/Library/Application Support/Digidesign/Plug-In Settings
Click “Install”…
• You must now enter the name and password you use to log in to your computer, to give the Installer
permission to write the software:
Figure 2.7: Giving the Installer Permission
Enter your credentials and click “Install Software”…
• Once the installer has finished, you'll see this dialog:
Figure 2.8: Installation Complete
If you do not see the “Installation Successful” message, contact MH Support.
• The final step is to go to http://www.ilok.com/ and install the software license to your iLok key.
That’s it! Enjoy using the Metric Halo Production Bundle!
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Installation
Windows
There are two versions of each Windows installer:
• Installers that end in .msi are intended for 32 bit versions of Windows, and install the 32 bit version
of the plug-in(s).
• Installers that end in _x64.msi are intended for 64 bit versions of Windows, and install the 32 bit
and 64 bit versions of the plug-in(s). This allows you to run Pro Tools 10 or 11 on a 64 bit machine.
These installation instructions refer to the 32 bit installer, but the process is the same for 64 bit installations.
Please note – The following graphics show installation on an Windows 7 system; the process may be slightly
different in other versions of the OS, but the basic concepts are the same. Small details such as file sizes shown
may vary with subsequent releases.
• Double-click the “MHProductionBundleInstaller.msi” application
Figure 2.9: MH Production Bundle Installer msi
• The installer dialog will appear:
Figure 2.10: Opening Dialog
After you have read the Metric Halo License Agreement, click the “I accept the terms of the License
Agreement” checkbox and click “Install”
• Windows will ask for permission to write the files:
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Installation
Figure 2.11: Permission to Write Files
Click “Yes” to begin the installation.
• Once the files have been written you will see the completion dialog:
Figure 2.12: Installation Complete
Click “Finish” to close the installer.
If you do not see the “Installation Successful” message, contact MH Support.
• The final step is to go to http://www.ilok.com/ and install the software license to your iLok key.
That’s it! Enjoy using the Metric Halo Production Bundle!
Update Notification
Each plug-in will automatically check to see if there's a newer version available (if your computer is connected
to the internet). If so, the version number in the plug-in's UI will turn into an update notice. Click on the notice
and a browser window will open to our download page, where you may download the newest installer.
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3. Introduction
The Metric Halo Production Bundle is a collection of seven great sounding plug-ins:
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•
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•
Character
ChannelStrip 3
Haloverb
Multiband Dynamics
Multiband Expander
Precision DeEsser
TransientControl
This document will describe how the plug-ins work and describe how to use them with popular DAW hosts.
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Part II. Character
Table of Contents
4. Introduction ...............................................................................................................................
5. Operation ..................................................................................................................................
Character Model Menu ...........................................................................................................
Tooltip Control .......................................................................................................................
Control Knob .........................................................................................................................
Output Meter .........................................................................................................................
6. Processing ..................................................................................................................................
A Detailed Description ............................................................................................................
Drive .............................................................................................................................
Character Model .............................................................................................................
Output Gain ...................................................................................................................
Using Character in Your Projects .............................................................................................
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4. Introduction
Character is a modeling plug-in for digital audio workstations. We measured a number of our customers'
favorite analog signal processors to determine what they did to the audio signal being run through them. By
measuring the harmonic distortion fingerprint of each device, we have been able to recreate their unique
properties in Character.
Figure 4.1: Character's User Interface
By combining circuit modeling with variable gain, Character is capable of shaping your sound with subtle or
over-the-top results.
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5. Operation
The Character user interface uses a few different control elements to control its processing. These elements are:
Character Model Menu
Figure 5.1: Character Model Menu
This pop-up menu selects Character's model. There are over 20 models available, which are detailed in the
Processing chapter.
Tooltip Control
Figure 5.2: Tooltip Control
This button toggles the tooltip display. When enabled, tooltips wil be shown when the mouse hovers over a
control. When the tooltip display is disabled, you may still see tooltips by holding down the ? key and hovering
over a control.
Control Knob
Figure 5.3: Control Knob
Control Knobs are used to control the Drive and Output Gain parameters. You can change the value of each
knob in a number of different ways. Click and drag the knob to change the value continuously. Dragging up
or to the right will increase the value, while dragging down or to the left will decrease the value. If you hold
down the Mac ⌘ (Command) key or Windows Control key when you click, you will be able to adjust the
value with finer precision. If you hold the Mac ⌥ (Option) key or Windows Alt key when you click, the knob
will reset to its default value. You may also double-click a knob to reset it.
Click on the number (readout) of the knob to display a text entry field that allows you to type in a number
directly. The pop-up will remain active until you dismiss it by clicking somewhere else or hitting the return,
enter, tab, Mac ⌘. (Command + .), Windows Alt key or ESC keys. Hit return or enter to confirm the value
and dismiss the pop-up. Hit the tab key to confirm the value and display an entry field for the next control. ⇧tab (Shift + tab) will display the entry field for the previous control). Hit the Mac ⌘. (Command + .), Windows
Control. (Control + .) or ESC (Escape) to dismiss the pop-up and cancel the change.
Output Meter
Figure 5.4: Output Meter
25
Operation
For the main output stage of Character we have provided meters driven with SpectraFoo metering technology.
These meters show, in addition to the peak metering provided for the input stages, RMS level and VU level.
The peak level is represented by the floating colored bar, the RMS level by the solid colored bar and the VU
level by the overlaid gray bar. Both the Peak and RMS level are represented with fast PPM ballistics. The VU
meter shows IEEE standard 300 ms RMS average level. When Character is on a mono insert there will be a
single meter. When Character is running in stereo mode the top meter shows the left channel output level and
the bottom meter shows the right channel output level. The output section clip lights activate if there is an over
in the output stage or in any of the processing section input stages. It is reset by clicking on the meter; Mac ⌥
(Option)–click or Windows Alt-click to reset the clip lights on all the meters.
A Note About Clipping Indicators:
The clip lights do not mean that the plug-in is clipping; it means that the audio level in the DSP is
currently over 0 dBFS. If you do not lower the signal level you run a chance of actually clipping the
input of another processor or D/A convertor.
26
6. Processing
A Detailed Description
In this chapter we discuss what each parameter does and how the controls work. While Character has a fixed
number of model types, there are an infinite number of combinations in conjunction with the Drive control.
Drive Gain link
Input
Output
MAGIC!
(Modeling)
Inverse
Drive Gain
Drive Gain
Output
Gain
Figure 6.1: Character Block Diagram
The block diagram above illustrates the overall structure of the processing system provided by Character. This
diagram does not indicate the metering blocks.
Now lets examine the various processing blocks indicated in the diagram.
Drive
The Drive control applies ±24 dB of gain to the signal before it goes to the modeling section. This allows you
attenuate the signal for a subtle effect, or boost to get a more dramatic effect.
As gain is changed before the modeling stage, the inverse gain is applied after. For example, if you set the
Drive control to +6 dB, the gain is boosted 6 dB before the model and cut by 6 dB after. This allows you to
“push” the modeling section with no increase in output level. You may also hit the model with less signal by
setting the Drive control to a negative value without loss of overall volume.
You may still experience in increase in signal level when using positive Drive gain with some models; you
can use the Output Gain control to correct this.
Please note that the Drive parameter may have a greater range than you need for a given model.
Character Model
Each Model represents a digital “copy” of an analog device; some models are made from measuring a device
with different combinations of settings. The most effective way to utilize Character is to listen to how each
model affects your sound rather than relying on the name alone.
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None: No modeling is applied.
Transformer: Applies the harmonic distortion signature of a transformer-coupled input.
Valve: A tube-based EQ input stage.
FET: Model of a solid state (transistor) front end.
Soft Sat: Tube-based EQ with saturation.
Boutique Tube: Hand-made tube mic pre.
American Transformer 1: A variation of the “Transformer” model.
American Transformer 2: Second variation of the “Transformer” model.
California Tube Mic: American designed tube mic pre.
27
Processing
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California Tube Line: American designed tube line input.
Modern Tube DI: Mastering quality tube DI.
Modern Tube EQ: Mastering quality EQ.
Modern Tube Soft Sat: Mastering quality EQ with saturation.
Modern Tube LG: A tube mic pre with a low gain setting.
Modern Tube MG: A tube mic pre with a medium gain setting.
Modern Tube HG: A tube mic pre with a high gain setting.
Modern Tube Sym: Mastering quality EQ
Modern Tube Soft Sat: Mastering quality tube mic pre with saturation.
Classic British Mic Pre: A favorite large console mic pre.
American Solid State: FET mastering EQ.
California Vocal Box: Transformer coupled tube vocal processor.
California Vocal Box Drive: Transformer coupled tube vocal processor with increased gain.
British Mic Pre Clone: A popular clone of a favorite British mic pre.
The “soft sat” variations are particularly good at providing the “analog glue” that many engineers want for
their final mixes. The “sat” stands for “saturation”, such as you would get with analog tape. The “soft” part
of the name indicates that the level is lower after processing. You may want to use the Output Gain to make
up the lost gain.
While most of the models can be applied to every channel, overuse of the saturation models can lead to
undesired effects.
Output Gain
The Output Gain applies ±24 dB of gain to the signal after it has been through the modeling stage. This can
be used to increase the final output level after using a soft saturation model or otherwise gain-stage the signal
for the next processor.
Using Character in Your Projects
There are several ways to use Character:
• Inserted on a single channel: This lets you add a little “flavor” to a channel by itself or as a pre-processor
for another plug-in. By automating the Drive and Output Gain controls you can use Character as a
creative effect.
• Inserted on all channels: Create a virtual mixing console, or use different models for different groups of
inputs; mic pres for vocals, DIs for bass, tubes for drums…
• Inserted on the master bus: Put a Soft Sat model on the master 2 bus for the analog “glue” to finish
off your mix.
• All of the above!
28
Part III. ChannelStrip 3
Table of Contents
7. Introduction ...............................................................................................................................
8. Operation ..................................................................................................................................
Control Knob .........................................................................................................................
Toggle Button .........................................................................................................................
Fader .....................................................................................................................................
Filter Type ..............................................................................................................................
Sidechain Routing Switch ........................................................................................................
Sidechain Listen Button ...........................................................................................................
Compressor Character .............................................................................................................
User Interface Control .............................................................................................................
Tooltip Control .......................................................................................................................
Graphs Disclosure Control ......................................................................................................
Peak Meter .............................................................................................................................
Gain Reduction Meter .............................................................................................................
Peak, RMS, VU Output Meter ..................................................................................................
EQ Transfer Function ..............................................................................................................
Spectragraph Analyzer ............................................................................................................
Dynamics Knee ......................................................................................................................
Auto Enables ..........................................................................................................................
9. Processing ..................................................................................................................................
A Detailed Description ............................................................................................................
Input Conditioning ..................................................................................................................
Gate/Expander ........................................................................................................................
Theory Of Operation ......................................................................................................
Gate Enable ...................................................................................................................
Threshold Control ...........................................................................................................
Attack Control ................................................................................................................
Release Control ..............................................................................................................
Using The Sidechain Key Input w/Selectable Filter .............................................................
Sidechain Listen Button ...................................................................................................
Sidechain Routing Button ................................................................................................
Sidechain Filter Enable ....................................................................................................
Filter Type Button ...........................................................................................................
Filter Band Boost/Cut Control ..........................................................................................
Filter Band Frequency .....................................................................................................
Filter Bandwidth .............................................................................................................
Compressor ............................................................................................................................
Theory Of Operation ......................................................................................................
Audio Dynamics .............................................................................................................
Compressor Enable .........................................................................................................
Post EQ .........................................................................................................................
Auto Gain ......................................................................................................................
Compressor Knee Control ................................................................................................
Manual Make-Up Gain ...................................................................................................
Compressor Character .....................................................................................................
Threshold Control ...........................................................................................................
Ratio Control ..................................................................................................................
Attack Control ................................................................................................................
Release Control ..............................................................................................................
Using The Sidechain Key Input w/Selectable Filter .............................................................
Sidechain Listen Button ...................................................................................................
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ChannelStrip 3
Sidechain Routing Button ................................................................................................
Sidechain Filter Enable ....................................................................................................
Filter Type Button ...........................................................................................................
Filter Band Boost/Cut Control ..........................................................................................
Filter Band Frequency .....................................................................................................
Filter Bandwidth .............................................................................................................
Equalizer ................................................................................................................................
Theory Of Operation ......................................................................................................
Master Enable Button ......................................................................................................
Filter Type Button ...........................................................................................................
Filter Enable Button ........................................................................................................
Filter Band Boost/Cut Control ..........................................................................................
Filter Band Frequency .....................................................................................................
Filter Bandwidth .............................................................................................................
Controlling The EQ With The Transfer Function ................................................................
Master Gain ...................................................................................................................
Delay Section .........................................................................................................................
Limiter ...................................................................................................................................
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7. Introduction
ChannelStrip is a plug-in for digital audio workstations which provides the essential basic channel processing
found in the channel strip of a modern mixing console.
Processing functions include:
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Input level control
Phase Invert
Expander/Gate with filtered sidechain
Compressor with filtered sidechain
6 band Parametric EQ
Channel delay
Limiter
Advanced metering
ChannelStrip 3 has several notable new features not present in ChannelStrip 2:
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Updated and resizable user interface
Sidechain listen
Scalable gain reduction meters
New “MIO” compressor character
SpectraFoo™ spectrum analysis
Limiter
Fully interpolated EQ section with scalable display
Processes are automatically enabled when adjusted
32
Introduction
Figure 7.1: ChannelStrip's User Interface
33
8. Operation
As with most channel strips, ChannelStrip provides many copies of controls that are all operated in a similar
manner. The ChannelStrip user interface uses a few different control elements to control all of the processing.
These elements are:
Control Knob
Control Knobs are used to control the value of various continuous parameters of a process. Examples of these
types of parameters include: Attack time, Release Time, Threshold, etc. There are four styles of encoders:
Figure 8.1: Swept Knob
The rings around these encoders sweep from a minimum to maximum value, normally from left to right. One
exception is the compressor threshold, which sweeps from right to left.
Figure 8.2: Plus/Minus Knob
The rings around these encoders start at 12 o'clock and sweep to either side. These knobs are used for gain
control, where straight up is no gain change, turning to the left cuts the signal and turning to the right boosts it.
Figure 8.3: Spread Knob
The rings around these encoders start at 12 o'clock and spread to both sides equally as the control is increased.
These knobs are used for bandwidth controls.
Figure 8.4: Limiter Knob
The ring around this encoder displays the amount of gain reduction from the limiter. The display sweeps around
the encoder from right to left, with a fully left display indicating 12dB of gain reduction.
34
Operation
You can change the value of each knob in a number of different ways. Click and drag the knob to change the
value continuously. Dragging up or to the right will increase the value, while dragging down or to the left will
decrease the value. If you hold down the Mac ⌘ (Command) key or Windows Control key when you click,
you will be able to adjust the value with finer precision. If you hold the Mac ⌥ (Option) key or Windows Alt
key when you click, the knob will reset to its default value. You may also double-click a knob to reset it.
Click on the number (readout) of the knob to display a text entry field that allows you to type in a number
directly. The pop-up will remain active until you dismiss it by clicking somewhere else or hitting the return,
enter, tab, Mac ⌘. (Command + .), Windows Alt key or ESC keys. Hit return or enter to confirm the value
and dismiss the pop-up. Hit the tab key to confirm the value and display an entry field for the next control. ⇧tab (Shift + tab) will display the entry field for the previous control). Hit the Mac ⌘. (Command + .), Windows
Control. (Control + .) or ESC (Escape) to dismiss the pop-up and cancel the change.
When you enter a number into the pop-up entry, you can use a couple of abbreviations: “k” multiplies the
number by 1000 and “m” divides the number by 1000. So if you want to enter 16,500 Hz you can just type
16.5k.
Toggle Button
Figure 8.5: Toggle Button (Off)
Figure 8.6: Toggle Button (On)
Toggle buttons are simple on/off switches. They light up when they are on and are dark when they are off.
You toggle the state of the button by clicking on it. These buttons are used to enable processor sections, select
keying sources and to switch the order of processing within ChannelStrip.
Fader
Figure 8.7: Master Fader
The fader is unique in that only one fader is used in the interface for ChannelStrip. It works in much the same
fashion as the control knobs. Instead of dragging up/right or down/left to change the value, you directly drag
the fader knob. The other “tricks” described for the knobs also work with the fader. The fader is used to control
the master output gain of the plug-in before the limiter stage.
35
Operation
Filter Type
Each filter band in the strip (6 EQ bands and 2 Side-chain bands) has a filter type control that allows you to
choose the shape of the filter applied by that band. Each band provides 6 different types of filter shapes:
Figure 8.8: Peaking/Parametric
Peaking/Parametric – a second order bell-shaped parametric boost/cut filter. Boost/cut has a range of ± 24 dB.
When the boost is greater than +15 dB the filter gains a resonant quality. The center frequency of the filter can
be any frequency between 20 Hz and 20 kHz. The bandwidth of the filter is continuously variable between
0.1 octaves and 2.5 octaves.
Figure 8.9: Low Cut
Low Cut – a 12 dB/octave low cut filter with a -3dB point that is continuously adjustable between 20 Hz and
20 kHz.
Figure 8.10: High Cut
High Cut – a 12 dB/octave high cut filter with a -3dB point that is continuously adjustable between 20 Hz
and 20 kHz.
Figure 8.11: Low Shelf
Low Shelf – a shelving filter that applies boost/cut to low frequencies. Boost/cut is limited to +12 dB/– 24dB.
The bandwidth controls the dip/peak that is added at the end of the transition band.
Figure 8.12: High Shelf
High Shelf – a shelving filter that applies boost/cut to high frequencies. Boost/cut is limited to +12 dB/– 24dB.
The bandwidth controls the dip/peak that is added at the end of the transition band.
Figure 8.13: Bandpass
Bandpass – a bandpass filter with 6dB per octave skirt on the high and low ends of the pass band. The width
of the pass band can be adjusted between 0.1 octaves and 2.5 octaves and the center of the pass band is
continuously adjustable between 20 Hz and 20 kHz.
You can select from these types via three different methods. Each time you click on the Filter Type control,
the band will switch to the next type in the list (and wrap to the beginning when you hit the end of the list).
If you click and hold the mouse button, a pop-up menu listing all of the types will appear after about 1/4 of
a second. You can select the type directly from this pop-up menu. If you want to access the menu without
having to wait, hold down the Mac ⌃ (Control) key when you click or right-click (Mac/Win).
Sidechain Routing Switch
Figure 8.14: Sidechain Routing Switch
36
Operation
Each sidechain routing switch allows you to control the signal sent to the sidechain input of its associated gate
or compressor. By default, the level detectors in the dynamics processors key off of the signal that they are
processing. Under some circumstances, you may want to use a different signal to open the gate or compress
the signal. Most DAWs allow you to specify an input or bus as the source for ChannelStrip’s sidechain input.
The Sidechain routing switches allow you to choose the input to the level detector from the sidechain (key)
input or the signal being processed. To toggle the state, click the Sidechain routing switch.
Sidechain Listen Button
Figure 8.15: Sidechain Listen Button (Disabled)
Figure 8.16: Sidechain Listen Button (Enabled)
The sidechain listen button allows you to listen to the signal being sent to the gate or compressor sidechain
input. This allows you to monitor the audio being routed from the key input, and hear the effect of sidechain
filtering.
Compressor Character
Figure 8.17: Compressor Character Switch
The compressor character controls the time constants of the compressor section. It functions identically to the
Filter Type control, except there are only four choices: Smooth, Warm, Fast and MIO. See the section on the
compressor for more information.
User Interface Control
Figure 8.18: UI Size Control
This button switches the overall ChannelStrip user interface between small, medium and large sizes to accomodate different display resolutions.
Tooltip Control
Figure 8.19: Tooltip Control
This button toggles the tooltip display. When enabled, tooltips wil be shown when the mouse hovers over a
control. When the tooltip display is disabled, you may still see tooltips by holding down the ? key and hovering
over a control.
Graphs Disclosure Control
Figure 8.20: Graph Disclosure Button
The Graphs disclosure control allows you to show and hide ChannelStrip’s display graphs. This allows you
to maximize screen real-estate while still providing details on the processing when they are needed. Click on
this control to toggle the visibility of the graphs. ChannelStrip will automatically make the plug-in window
smaller when you hide the graphs.
37
Operation
ChannelStrip also uses a number of standard visual representations to give you feedback about what is happening within the processor. These elements are:
Peak Meter
Figure 8.21: Peak Meter
ChannelStrip provides a peak-reading meter at the input stage of each processing block. The meter uses the
fast PPM standard for decay time (0.9 seconds per 20 dB) and the digital PPM standard legend for calibration.
On the dynamics sections (gate and compressor) a white bar is visible on top of the meter and indicates the
current detector level. For the dynamics sections the processor threshold is indicated by the red slider over the
input peak meter. This slider can be manipulated directly with the mouse. The top segment of the meter (above
0dB) is used as a clip indicator and is illuminated red if the input section of the processor detects an over.
The clip light remains illuminated until you click on the meter. Mac ⌥ (Option)–click or Windows Alt-click
any meter to reset the clip lights on all of the meters in ChannelStrip. When ChannelStrip is running in stereo
mode, this meter shows the higher of the two input levels and will detect an over on either input channel.
Gain Reduction Meter
Figure 8.22: Gain Reduction Meter
The gain reduction meter, which has an orange bar and grows down from 0 dB, shows the amount of attenuation being applied by its associated dynamics processor at any given time. If you right-click (Mac/Win) or Mac
⌃ (Control) click on the meter, you may set the scale of the gain reduction meter to any of the following values:
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54 dB
24 db
12 db
6 db
3 db
Peak, RMS, VU Output Meter
Figure 8.23: Output Meter
38
Operation
For the main output stage of ChannelStrip we have provided meters driven with SpectraFoo™ metering technology. These meters show, in addition to the peak metering provided for the input stages, RMS level and VU
level. The peak level is represented by the floating colored bar, the RMS level by the solid colored bar and the
VU level by the overlaid gray bar. Both the Peak and RMS level are represented with fast PPM ballistics. The
VU meter shows IEEE standard 300 ms RMS average level. When ChannelStrip is on a mono insert there will
be a single meter. When ChannelStrip is running in stereo mode the left meter shows the left channel output
level and the right meter shows the right channel output level. The output section clip lights activate if there is
an over in the output stage or in any of the processing section input stages. It is reset by clicking on the meter;
Mac ⌥ (Option)–click or Windows Alt-click to reset the clip lights on all the meters.
A Note About Clipping Indicators:
The clip lights do not mean that the plug-in is clipping; it means that the audio level in the DSP is
currently over 0 dBFS. If you do not lower the signal level you run a chance of actually clipping the
input of another processor or D/A convertor.
EQ Transfer Function
Figure 8.24: EQ Transfer Function
The following information applies to the EQ processing block as well as the sidechain filters of the gate and
compressor.
The EQ transfer function is a combination of a visual representation of how the EQ is processing the signal
and an intuitive controller for the associated filter bands. This display is sometimes called a “Cartesian Graph”
by other EQ manufacturers.
The horizontal axis provides frequency calibration in Hertz (Hz). The vertical axis provides level calibration
in decibels (dBr). The heavy green line indicates the relative change in level at each frequency that is created
by the combined effects of all of the active bands in the equalizer. Each EQ band is represented by a colored
dot in the transfer function. The color of the dot matches the color of the rings around the knobs for the
corresponding EQ band.
The band that is currently being edited will be displayed along with the overall response curve. If the associated
band is a parametric filter there will also be two smaller colored dots that can be used to control the bandwidth
of the filter. Clicking on a large colored dot and dragging will allow you to adjust the frequency and gain of the
39
Operation
associated band. Mac ⌘ (Command)–click, Windows Control-click or double-click the dot to toggle the band
enable. Mac ⌥ (Option)–click or Windows Alt the dot to adjust the bandwidth (dragging right increases the
bandwidth, left decreases the bandwidth). Mac ⌘⌥ (Command + Option)–click or Windows Control+Altclick the dot to switch the band filter type. Click and drag the smaller dots associated with a larger dot to
adjust the filter bandwidth.
To dismiss the filter curve, click anywhere in the black area of the transfer function. This will deselect the filter
point, and the only trace displayed will be the green master curve.
If you right-click (Mac/Win) or Mac ⌃ (Control) click on the transfer function, you will see a menu to set the
vertical dB scale for the display. The values are:
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±3 dB
±6 dB
±12 dB
±24 dB
±36 dB
This menu also allows you to specify whether adjusting a filter causes it to automatically be enabled. This
preference is for all instances of ChannelStrip 3.
Spectragraph Analyzer
Clicking the SpectraFoo™ logo in the upper right hand corner of the transfer function will activate the spectragraph, showing the realtime frequency analysis of your signal:
Figure 8.25: Spectragraph Display
The traces are:
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White: Left channel instantaneous display
Red: Right channel instantaneous display
Yellow: Left channel average display
Blue: Right channel average display
The instantaneous trace updates in real-time, allowing you to see the immediate peak level of your audio. The
average trace displays the level as averaged over a short period, giving you a more general view.
40
Operation
The spectragraph analyses the signal post-filter, allowing you to see the effect of your EQ filter(s); the EQ's
spectragraph is also after the Master Gain and Limiter. The spectragraph may only be used in one window at
a time and will toggle between sections. For example, if your are viewing the spectragraph in the EQ window
and then click the the SpectraFoo™ icon in the compressor's sidechain window, the spectragraph will switch
to that window. To disable the spectragraph entirely, click the active 'Foo icon.
If you right-click (Mac/Win) or Mac ⌃ (Control) click on the transfer function, you will see a menu to set
options for the spectragraph:
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Show Instantaneous Trace: Toggles whether the spectragraph shows the instant response of your audio.
Show Average Trace: Toggles whether the spectragraph shows the averaged response of your audio.
Show Left Channel: Toggles the left channel spectragraph display.
Show Right Channel: Toggles the right channel spectragraph display.
These settings are stored for each transfer function window separately, and for each instance of ChannelStrip.
Dynamics Knee
Figure 8.26: Dynamics Knee
ChannelStrip contains a Dynamics Knee diagram for the gate and compressor processing sections. The diagram
provides feedback on the response of the associated dynamics processor. Both the horizontal and vertical axes
are calibrated in dBFS. The horizontal axis corresponds to the input level and the vertical axis represents the
output level. The heavy line shows the dynamic of the associated processing block. This means that if you
sent in a sine wave at a given input level, the output level would be equal to the level shown on the graph.
When the processor is working with real dynamic signals, the graph is a good approximation of the response
when the attack is fast and the release is slow.
In most cases, however, the dynamic response of the processor will not match its static response. In order to
represent this, we have included a “bouncing ball” meter for both the gate and the compressor. This metering
is shown as a red circle that is overlaid on the knee diagram. The red circle is placed so its horizontal position is
equal to the instantaneous input level and its vertical level is equal to the instantaneous output level. Examining
this meter while you are adjusting the dynamics controls will provide you with a great deal of information
about how the processor is operating and how the controls interact.
Auto Enables
The processing sections of ChannelStrip will automatically enable when one of its parameters are adjusted.
For example if the EQ master enable is off, adjusting any EQ parameter will turn it on. This way you will
never make “phantom” adjustments where you make adjustments and hear no change. The same is true for
the sidechain filters.
41
9. Processing
A Detailed Description
In this chapter we'll discuss what each processing block does and how the controls work.
Figure 9.1: Signal Flow: Compressor is Pre-EQ
Figure 9.2: Signal Flow: Compressor is Post-EQ
The block diagrams above illustrate the overall structure of the processing system provided by ChannelStrip.
The diagrams do not indicate the various metering blocks. The configuration is controlled by the “Post EQ”
button in the compressor and it changes the path of the signal through the processor. The internal signal
switching provided by ChannelStrip allows you to explore the various effects of re-ordering processing blocks
without having to waste time stopping the transport, removing and reinserting plug-ins and then finally restarting the transport.
Now lets examine the various processing blocks indicated in the diagram.
Input Conditioning
After the signal is routed to ChannelStrip it runs through the phase invert block. This block is controlled by the
“ø Inv” switch. When the phase invert is enabled the polarity of the signal will be flipped. The signal is cross-
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Processing
faded between the uninverted and inverted states so the signal level will drop briefly when you flip the state
of the phase invert switch, but it will not introduce a glitch or click into your audio.
After the the phase invert block the audio is routed through an input gain block that provides input gain of up
to +24 dB. You can use this gain to condition signals that are low in level.
This input gain may also be used to pad out signals by up to –24 dB. While you may find this attenuation useful
to just bring down the level through the strip simply and quickly, you must realize that this gain is applied
after the signal reaches ChannelStrip and will not pad out any clipping that occurs in the A/D converters or
in a plug-in that is inserted before ChannelStrip.
The input gain is controlled by the “In Gain” knob.
Gate/Expander
The next processing block is the Gate. The gate is used to adjust the low level dynamics of the signal being
processed. Through the use of the external side-chain the gate can be used to do acoustic triggers. In addition,
the side chain filter may be used to make the control of the dynamics frequency sensitive. This can be useful
when you are trying to gate out a noisy signal that has a specific, very strong signal in a limited frequency
range when you want the gate to open.
Figure 9.3: Gate/Expander
Theory Of Operation
Based upon your setting for the sidechain routing switch, either the Pro Tools sidechain input signal or the
channel signal is fed to the sidechain filter. The sidechain filter provides one band of equalization that may
be used to accentuate or cut certain frequencies (parametric or shelf filters) or limit the key to a certain range
of frequencies (cut or bandpass filters). You control the filter type and the filter parameters with the filter type
button and the “dB”, “Hz” and “BW” knobs.
You can enable the side chain filter with the green “SC Ena” button.
After the sidechain signal has been processed by the sidechain filter it is measured by a level detector that
determines the instantaneous level of the signal (in the case that ChannelStrip is running in stereo mode the
detector is linked with the other channel in the stereo pair and the higher level of the two channels is used).
When the gate is enabled the signal will be attenuated based on how much the detected level is below the
threshold you set with the “Thresh” knob.
The dynamic behavior of the opening and closing of the gate is controlled with the “Attack” and “Release”
knobs.
43
Processing
Gate Enable
This button is in the Master Enables section. When this button is off, the gate will not change the signal.
Threshold Control
The “Thresh” knob controls the level at which the gate opens and closes. When the detector level is above
the threshold level the gain through the gate is 0 dB. When the detector level is below the threshold level, the
gain is reduced at a ratio of 1:2. This means that if the detector is 3dB below the threshold the signal output
will be 6dB below the threshold or 3dB below the input level.
The gate threshold level is also indicated by the red bar above the gate input meter. You can adjust the threshold
level using this indicator as well as by using the “Thresh” knob.
Attack Control
The “Attack” knob allows you to adjust how quickly the gain reduction is decreased to 0 dB when the detector
level goes above the threshold level. When this control is set to Auto, the attack rate is controlled by how
much the detector level is above the threshold. When you set the attack to another value other than “Auto”
that value, measured in milliseconds, will control how quickly the gate opens. The maximum value is 100
milliseconds. Attack times other than auto are especially useful when using the gate as a trigger. If the key
signal is a little early you can use the attack to delay the trigger slightly. It is also useful to remove the initial
transients of impulsive sounds.
Release Control
The “Release” knob controls the release time of the gate. This parameter is measured in milliseconds and can
range from 5 ms to 5 sec. The release time controls how quickly the gate closes after the detector drops below
the threshold value. For settings below 90 ms or so the gate closes pretty abruptly and may introduce unwanted
artifacts into your audio, depending on the signal.
Using The Sidechain Key Input w/Selectable Filter
The gate provides a sidechain that processes audio before the detector determines the current level. The
sidechain can process either the channel signal or some external side chain input signal.
Sidechain Listen Button
This button (the speaker icon next to the Sidechain Enable) allows you to monitor the audio being sent to the
gate's detector. This will allow you to listen to external audio that is being routed to the sidechain, and also
hear the effect of the sidechain filter. When you are done listening to the sidechain, click this button again
to hear ChannelStrip's normal output.
Sidechain Routing Button
This button (labeled “C” in the illustration) is used to control the routing of the input signal to the gate sidechain.
When the button is in the “C” state, the signal used by the sidechain is the signal being processed by ChannelStrip. When the button is in the “SC” state, the signal used by the sidechain is the input or bus selected in
the “side chain input” pop-up in your DAW's plug-in window header. If nothing is selected in that pop-up,
the input to the sidechain will be silence and the gate will never open.
Sidechain Filter Enable
This button (labeled “SC Ena”) allows you to toggle the sidechain filter in and out of the audio path to the
detector.
Filter Type Button
This button (indicating a peaking/parametric filter in the illustration) is used to select the filter type of the single
band of side chain EQ. You may choose from the 6 different types of filters detailed in the filter type section
in “Operating the Strip”.
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Processing
Filter Band Boost/Cut Control
Use this knob (labeled “dB” in the illustration) to adjust the gain of the filter band for the peaking, high and low
shelf filter types. This parameter is ignored for the other filter types. In the shelving filters the maximum boost
is +12 dB and the maximum cut is -24 dB. In the peaking filters the maximum boost/cut is ± 24 dB. When you
increase the boost for a filter band above 15 dB, the filter gets nicely aggressive and resonant.
Filter Band Frequency
Use this knob (labeled “Hz” in the illustration) to adjust the characteristic frequency of the filter. For the peaking
and bandpass filter types this controls the center frequency of the filter. For the high and low cut filter types this
control adjusts the 3 dB point of the filter. For the shelving filters this control adjusts the shelf transition point.
Filter Bandwidth
Use this knob (labeled “BW” in the illustration) to adjust the characteristic width of the filter. This control only
has effect for peaking, shelving and bandpass filter types. Please note that this parameter controls the bandwidth
(measured in octaves), not the quality factor (or “Q”). If you have been using Q controls, the numbers will
be backwards from what you are used to. Small numbers mean narrow filters and large numbers mean wide
filters. For peaking and bandpass filter types, this parameter controls the bandwidth of the filter in octaves. For
the high and low shelving filter types this parameter adjusts the amount of dip/peak and the slope of the shelf.
When this parameter is set to 0.1 you will get the largest dip/slope available and when the parameter is 2.5,
you will get a classic first order shelf (which has a transition band that is about 1 decade wide; e.g. if it is a
high shelf with a frequency of 10 kHz and a gain of 10 dB, the gain will be at 0 dB near 1kHz).
Compressor
Depending on the state of the “Post EQ” button (the default state is for the compressor to come first in the signal
chain), the next block in the signal processing chain is the compressor. The compressor is used to adjust the
high–level dynamics of a signal. As with the gate, the sidechain can be used to make the compressor frequency
sensitive (so it can be used like a de-esser) or to reduce the gain of the signal in response to some external
event (this allows the compressor to be used like a ducker or for other creative effects).
Figure 9.4: Compressor
Often, you will want to compress the signal before you equalize it. Sometimes you will need to equalize the
signal before you compress it. ChannelStrip provides that flexibility with the “Post EQ” button. This is a very
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Processing
important part of ChannelStrip because it allows you to test different processing scenarios quickly and easily.
It also allows you to compare the two different approaches without having to stop the transport so you can
get a much more visceral comparison.
Theory Of Operation
The operation of the compressor is very similar to the gate. Based upon your setting for the sidechain routing
switch, either the sidechain input signal or the channel signal is fed to the sidechain filter. The sidechain filter
provides one band of equalization that may be used to accentuate or cut certain frequencies (parametric or
shelf filters) or limit the key to a certain range of frequencies (cut or bandpass filters). You control the filter type
and the filter parameters with the filter type button and the “dB”, “Hz” and “BW” knobs.
You can enable the sidechain filter with the enable button. After the sidechain signal has been processed by
the sidechain filter it is measured by a level detector that determines the instantaneous level of the signal (in
the case that ChannelStrip is running in stereo mode the detector is linked with the other channel in the stereo
pair and the higher level of the two channels is used).
When the compressor is enabled the signal will be attenuated based on how much the detected level is above
the threshold you set with the “Thresh” knob and what compression ratio is set with the “Ratio” knob.
The dynamic behavior of the opening and closing of the gate is controlled with the “Attack” and “Release”
knobs and the compressor character switch.
Audio Dynamics
Compressors are important in controlling the dynamic range of the source material you are working with.
While the instruments, your ears, the microphones and your digital audio workstation all have dynamic ranges
that are greater than 100 dB, most reproduction and delivery media have significantly reduced dynamic ranges.
Compression is used, in its simplest form, to help reduce the dynamic range of your project or elements of the
project to a range that is reproducible. It does this by making the soft material louder and the loud material
softer. This type of processing can also be used to change the character of the sound instead of just adjusting
the dynamic range. The compressor in ChannelStrip excels at both types of processing.
Compressor Enable
This button is in the Master Enables section. When this button is off, the compressor section will not change
the signal. The order of this button will change depending on whether the compressor is set to “Post EQ”.
Post EQ
The “Post EQ” button places the compressor section after the equalizer in the signal chain. By providing the
capability to switch the routing on the fly, ChannelStrip allows you to determine the most effective routing for
your particular signal quickly and easily.
Auto Gain
When the “Auto Gain” button is enabled the compressor automatically adjusts the makeup gain in the compressor output stage so that if the manual “O Gain” knob is set to 0 dB the static gain reduction for a 0 dB
input level will be about 7 dB. This number was chosen because it works well with the default settings of the
“Attack” and “Release” knobs to provide enough pad to not clip fast transients. The “O Gain” knob will apply
additional trim to the internal automatic gain. If the threshold is set very low (e.g. –60 dB) and auto gain is
enabled, you will not be able to add very much manual gain (only about 1 – 2 dB) even though the readout
on the knob will go up to + 30 dB. This is an internal limitation of the compressor.
Compressor Knee Control
The “Knee” knob allows you to adjust shape of the compressor transfer function when the Compressor Character is set to MIO (the Knee control has no effect for the other compressor character algorithms and will not
be visible in those modes).
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Processing
When the Knee control is set to 0, the transfer function of the compressor is a classic “hard-knee” in which
the compressor applies no gain reduction when the detector is below the threshold, and the gain is reduced
by the ratio when the detector level is above the threshold.
Figure 9.5: Knee Control at 0
When you increase the Knee parameter from 0 to 1 the knee of the transfer function gradually softens until the
compressor functions as a soft-knee compressor when the Knee parameter is 1.
Figure 9.6: Knee Control at 1
You can also adjust the Knee parameter to negative values, which has the effect introducing a “kink” in the
compressor transfer function at the threshold. This can yield useful results on percussive material.
Figure 9.7: Knee Control at -0.5
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Processing
Manual Make-Up Gain
The “O Gain” knob allows you to manually adjust the makeup gain applied to the signal after the gain reduction
applied by the compressor. If the Auto Gain switch is off, this is the amount of makeup gain applied. If the Auto
Gain switch is on, then this parameter is a trim added to the internally computed makeup gain. The makeup
gain is enabled and disabled along with the rest of the compressor.
Compressor Character
Use the compressor character button to determine the overall dynamic characteristics of the compressor. There
are three “classic” ChannelStrip 2 settings to choose from:
• Smooth – appropriate for full mixes or single instruments that do not have big transients. Provides very
smooth compression with few artifacts, no distortion and limited transient control.
• Warm – the most versatile setting for the compressor. Balances transient control with audibility of the
compression. Appropriate for a wide range of signals including harmonic instruments with large transients (e.g. Plucked bass).
• Fast – provides significant transient control at the expense of transparency and added distortion. Appropriate for impulsive signals with significant transients. Supports very fast (e.g. 1 sample) gain reduction
attacks.
as well as a new algorithm for ChannelStrip 3:
• MIO – provides the compressor characteristics from the MIOStrip compressor that runs on our interfaces.
This compressor algorithm is very different from the other three. The MIO compressor generates its
gain reduction directly from the detector level. The Attack and Release parameters directly control the
measurement of the detector level. This allows the MIO compressor to function as a limiter as well as a
compressor and a leveling amplifier. The MIO compressor algorithm also supports an adjustable Knee.
In general, the MIO algorithm is more flexible and controllable than the other algorithms, and as a result,
we have made it the factory default for ChannelStrip 3.
Threshold Control
The “Thresh” knob controls the level at which the compressor begins to reduce the gain applied to the signal.
When the detector level is below the threshold level, no gain reduction is applied. As the detector level increases above the threshold level, the gain is reduced as indicated by the knee diagram associated with the
compressor. The compressor knee is soft. The ratio increases as the difference between the detector level and
the threshold increases.
The compressor threshold level is also indicated by the red bar above the gate input meter. You can adjust the
threshold level using this indicator as well as by using the “Thresh” knob.
Ratio Control
The “Ratio” knob controls the ‘terminal’ ratio used to compute the gain reduction of the compressor. When
the ratio associated with the soft knee hits the ratio specified by the ratio knob, the knee ‘hardens’ and remains
at the same constant ratio. If you set the ratio to 1000:1 the compressor will have a soft knee for all input levels
and thresholds. This makes the compressor work like a classic all tube limiter/compressor.
Attack Control
The “Attack” knob allows you to adjust how quickly the gain reduction is increases when the detector level
goes above the threshold level. This control is calibrated in milliseconds and values range from 0 to 500 ms.
The compressor has an 8 sample look-ahead buffer that allows it to have an “instant attack” when you set the
attack time to 0. Fast attack times will control the transients of impulsive sounds. Use longer attack times to
let the transients through but control the sustains.
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Processing
Release Control
The “Release” knob controls the release time of the compressor. This knob is calibrated in milliseconds and
can range from 5 ms to 5 sec. The release time controls how quickly the gain reduction returns to zero after
the detector drops below the threshold value. For settings below 40 ms or so the compressor releases pretty
abruptly and may introduce unwanted artifacts into your audio, depending on the signal. In addition, be careful
making the release time faster than the attack time.
Using The Sidechain Key Input w/Selectable Filter
The compressor provides a sidechain that processes audio before the detector determines the current level.
The sidechain can process either the channel signal or some external side chain input signal.
Sidechain Listen Button
This button (the speaker icon next to the Sidechain Enable) allows you to monitor the audio being sent to the
compressor's detector. This will allow you to listen to external audio that is being routed to the sidechain, and
also hear the effect of the sidechain filter. When you are done listening to the sidechain, click this button again
to hear ChannelStrip's normal output.
Sidechain Routing Button
This button (labeled “C” in the illustration) is used to control the routing of the input signal to the compressor
sidechain. When the button is in the “C” state, the signal used by the sidechain is the signal being processed
by ChannelStrip. When the compressor is in the “SC” state, the signal used by the sidechain is the input or bus
selected in the “side chain input” pop-up in your DAW's plug-in window header. If nothing is selected in that
pop-up, the input to the sidechain will be silence and the compressor will never compress.
You can use the filter to achieve a de-essing effect by using the bandpass filter to only compress when the
“ess” is present. You can also achieve a combined compression/de-essing effect by using a peaking filter to
accentuate the “ess” frequencies and adjusting the threshold and ratio to perform compression when the “ess”
is not present and limiting when the “ess” is present. Take a look a the presets for examples.
Sidechain Filter Enable
This button (labeled “SC Ena”) allows you to toggle the sidechain filter in and out of the audio path to the
detector.
Filter Type Button
This button (indicating a peaking/parametric filter in the illustration) is used to select the filter type of the single
band of side chain EQ. You may choose from 6 different types of filters detailed in the filter type section in
“Operating the Strip”.
Filter Band Boost/Cut Control
Use this knob (labeled “dB” in the illustration) to adjust the gain of the filter band for the peaking, high and low
shelf filter types. This parameter is ignored for the other filter types. In the shelving filters the maximum boost
is +12 dB and the maximum cut is -24 dB. In the peaking filters the maximum boost/cut is ± 24 dB. When you
increase the boost for a filter band above 15 dB, the filter gets very aggressive and resonant.
Filter Band Frequency
Use this knob (labeled “Hz” in the illustration) to adjust the characteristic frequency of the filter. For the peaking
and bandpass filter types this controls the center frequency of the filter. For the high and low cut filter types this
control adjusts the 3 dB point of the filter. For the shelving filters this control adjusts the shelf transition point.
Filter Bandwidth
Use this knob (labeled “BW” in the illustration) to adjust the characteristic width of the filter. This control only
has effect for peaking, shelving and bandpass filter types. Please note that this parameter controls the bandwidth
49
Processing
(measured in octaves), not the quality factor (or “Q”). If you have been using Q controls, the numbers will
be backwards from what you are used to. Small numbers mean narrow filters and large numbers mean wide
filters. For peaking and bandpass filter types, this parameter controls the bandwidth of the filter in octaves. For
the high and low shelving filter types this parameter adjusts the amount of dip/peak and the slope of the shelf.
When this parameter is set to 0.1 you will get the largest dip/slope available and when the parameter is 2.5,
you will get a classic first order shelf (which has a transition band that is about 1 decade wide; e.g. if it is a
high shelf with a frequency of 10 kHz and a gain of 10 dB, the gain will be at 0 dB near 1kHz).
Equalizer
The next processing section is the Equalizer. The equalizer may appear in the signal chain before the compressor section depending on the state of the “Post EQ’ button in the compressor. The equalizer in ChannelStrip
is a very flexible, fully parametric 6 band equalizer. Each band in the equalizer can be configured as any of
the six available filter types. Each parameter in the equalizer is continuously adjustable throughout its entire
range, so you can set the exact EQ that you need.
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Processing
Figure 9.8: EQ Section
Theory Of Operation
The equalizer in ChannelStrip work just like every other EQ under the sun with the exceptions that is more
flexible, more efficient and sounds better. By adjusting the various parameters associated with each band in
the EQ you can control the tonal and timbral balance of the signal. The resonance effect of the peaking filters
provides a facility to recreate acoustic resonances that are lacking in the source material with which you
are working. One of the nicest aspects of the filters in ChannelStrip is their time domain performance. These
filters ring significantly less than comparable filters in other signal processors. This allows you equalize signals
without the normal time smearing that you encounter with other equalizers.
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Processing
Master Enable Button
This button is in the Master Enables section. When this button is off, the EQ section will not change the signal.
The order of this button will change depending on whether the compressor is set to “Post EQ”.
Filter Type Button
This button (indicating a peaking/parametric filter in the illustration) is used to select the filter type of the single
band of side chain EQ. You may choose from 6 different types of filters:
Figure 9.9: Peaking/Parametric
Peaking/Parametric – a second order bell-shaped parametric boost/cut filter. Boost/cut has a range of ± 24 dB.
When the boost is greater than +15 dB the filter gains a resonant quality. The center frequency of the filter can
be any frequency between 20 Hz and 20 kHz. The bandwidth of the filter is continuously variable between
0.1 octaves and 2.5 octaves.
Figure 9.10: Low Cut
Low Cut – a 12 dB/octave low cut filter with a -3dB point that is continuously adjustable between 20 Hz and
20 kHz.
Figure 9.11: High Cut
High Cut – a 12 dB/octave high cut filter with a -3dB point that is continuously adjustable between 20 Hz
and 20 kHz.
Figure 9.12: Low Shelf
Low Shelf – a shelving filter that applies boost/cut to low frequencies. Boost/cut is limited to +12 dB/– 24dB.
The bandwidth controls the dip/peak that is added at the end of the transition band.
Figure 9.13: High Shelf
High Shelf – a shelving filter that applies boost/cut to high frequencies. Boost/cut is limited to +12 dB/– 24dB.
The bandwidth controls the dip/peak that is added at the end of the transition band.
Figure 9.14: Bandpass
Bandpass – a bandpass filter with 6dB per octave skirt on the high and low ends of the pass band. The width
of the pass band can be adjusted between 0.1 octaves and 2.5 octaves and the center of the pass band is
continuously adjustable between 20 Hz and 20 kHz.
Filter Enable Button
Use this toggle button to enable each filter band. When the filter band is turned off the signal will pass through
the filter unchanged.
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Processing
Filter Band Boost/Cut Control
Use this knob (labeled “dB” in the illustration) to adjust the gain of the filter band for the peaking, high and
low shelf filter types. This parameter is ignored for the other filter types. In the shelving filters the maximum
boost is +12 dB and the maximum cut is -24 dB. In the peaking filters the maximum boost/cut is ± 24 dB.
When you increase the boost for a filter band above 15 dB, the filter gets very aggressive and resonant. You
can use this feature to good effect when you need to reconstruct a resonance for a recorded instrument that
lacks one. For example, you could place a narrow +24 dB peaking filter between 60 and 80 Hz on a kick
drum track that lacked a “belly” for the drum.
Filter Band Frequency
Use this knob (labeled “Hz” in the illustration) to adjust the characteristic frequency of the filter. For the peaking
and bandpass filter types this controls the center frequency of the filter. For the high and low cut filter types this
control adjusts the 3 dB point of the filter. For the shelving filters this control adjusts the shelf transition point.
Filter Bandwidth
Use this knob (labeled “BW” in the illustration) to adjust the characteristic width of the filter. This control only
has effect for peaking, shelving and bandpass filter types. Please note that this parameter controls the bandwidth
(measured in octaves), not the quality factor (or “Q”). If you have been using Q controls, the numbers will
be backwards from what you are used to. Small numbers mean narrow filters and large numbers mean wide
filters. For peaking and bandpass filter types, this parameter controls the bandwidth of the filter in octaves. For
the high and low shelving filter types this parameter adjusts the amount of dip/peak and the slope of the shelf.
When this parameter is set to 0.1 you will get the largest dip/slope available and when the parameter is 2.5,
you will get a classic first order shelf (which has a transition band that is about 1 decade wide; e.g. if it is a
high shelf with a frequency of 10 kHz and a gain of 10 dB, the gain will be at 0 dB near 1kHz).
Controlling The EQ With The Transfer Function
As described in the operation guide earlier in this manual, you can control each band of the EQ directly from
the EQ transfer function display associated with the 6 band equalizer.
Master Gain
The one fader in ChannelStrip’s user interface controls the master gain of the plug-in. This fader is not shown
in the illustration of the EQ section, but it is shown in the overall processor illustration at the beginning of
this manual. The “Master Gain” fader allows you to add up to +10 dB of gain or up to -160 dB of attenuation
to the output signal from the EQ processor or compressor block (depending on the processor order) before
going to the limiter.
Delay Section
You can add up to 255 samples of delay to the output of ChannelStrip. This is useful for dynamically slipping
tracks, doing acoustical time alignment or compensating for the delay of other plug-ins in your mix.
You can use automation on the delay to create interesting dynamic flanging effects. Simply duplicate a track
and enable automation on the delay control for one of the copies. As you change the delay through one of the
copies you will create a nice, controllable phasey flanging sound.
Limiter
Figure 9.15: Limiter
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Processing
The final processing block in ChannelStrip 3 is a limiter. The limiter can be used to ensure that the final output
of ChannelStrip doesn't distort due to extreme EQ boosts. This also makes it very easy to use ChannelStrip as
a mastering plug-in on your final mix bus.
The limiter threshold may be set between 0 and -12 dB using the Limiter Threshold knob. The gain reduction
is displayed via the ring around the encoder, sweeping from right to left.
The limiter applies autogain to the audio when engaged; as the threshold is lowered, the output gain is increased a complementary amount.
54
Part IV. HaloVerb
Table of Contents
10. Introduction ..............................................................................................................................
11. Operation .................................................................................................................................
Control Knob .........................................................................................................................
Tooltip Control .......................................................................................................................
Graph Disclosure ....................................................................................................................
Output Level Meter ................................................................................................................
Low and High Frequency Pre-filter ...........................................................................................
Reverb Impulse Display ..........................................................................................................
12. Processing ................................................................................................................................
A Detailed Description ............................................................................................................
Prefilter ..................................................................................................................................
Reverb ...................................................................................................................................
Predelay .........................................................................................................................
RT60 .............................................................................................................................
Damping ........................................................................................................................
Diffusion ........................................................................................................................
Width ............................................................................................................................
Wet/Dry Control .....................................................................................................................
Output Gain ...........................................................................................................................
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57
58
58
59
59
59
60
60
62
62
62
62
62
63
63
64
64
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10. Introduction
HaloVerb is a plug-in for digital audio workstations which provides a flexible algorithm-based reverb to add
depth and ambience to your recordings.
Features include:
• Comprehensive controls
• Graphic display of the Low and High Frequency Pre-Filters
• Graphic display of the Reverb Impulse
Figure 10.1: HaloVerb's User Interface
57
11. Operation
The HaloVerb user interface uses a few different control elements to control all of the processing. These elements are:
Control Knob
Control Knobs are used to control the value of various continuous parameters of a process. There are three
styles of encoders:
Figure 11.1: Swept Knob
The rings around these encoders sweep from a minimum to maximum value, from left to right. The exception
is the Cutoff controls, which sweep from right to left.
Figure 11.2: Spread Knob
The ring around this encoder starts at 12 o'clock and spreads to both sides equally as the Stereo Width is
increased.
Figure 11.3: Plus/Minus Knob
The rings around these encoders start at 12 o'clock and sweep to either side. These knobs are used for Wet/
Dry and Gain controls.
You can change the value of each knob in a number of different ways. Click and drag the knob to change the
value continuously. Dragging up or to the right will increase the value, while dragging down or to the left will
decrease the value. If you hold down the Mac ⌘ (Command) key or Windows Control key when you click,
you will be able to adjust the value with finer precision. If you hold the Mac ⌥ (Option) key or Windows Alt
key when you click, the knob will reset to its default value. You may also double-click a knob to reset it.
Click on the number (readout) of the knob to display a text entry field that allows you to type in a number
directly. The pop-up will remain active until you dismiss it by clicking somewhere else or hitting the return,
enter, tab, Mac ⌘. (Command + .), Windows Alt key or ESC keys. Hit return or enter to confirm the value
58
Operation
and dismiss the pop-up. Hit the tab key to confirm the value and display an entry field for the next control. ⇧tab (Shift + tab) will display the entry field for the previous control). Hit the Mac ⌘. (Command + .), Windows
Control. (Control + .) or ESC (Escape) to dismiss the pop-up and cancel the change.
When you enter a number into the pop-up entry, you can use a couple of abbreviations: “k” multiplies the
number by 1000 and “m” divides the number by 1000. So if you want to enter 16,500 Hz you can just type
16.5k.
Tooltip Control
Figure 11.4: Tooltip Control
This button toggles the tooltip display. When enabled, tooltips wil be shown when the mouse hovers over a
control. When the tooltip display is disabled, you may still see tooltips by holding down the ? key and hovering
over a control.
Graph Disclosure
Figure 11.5: Graphs Closed
Figure 11.6: Graphs Open
This button toggles the display of the high frequency pre-filter and reverb impulse displays.
Output Level Meter
Figure 11.7: HaloVerb Output Level Meter
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Operation
The HaloVerb provides a meter displaying the output level of the plug-in. The top segment of the meter (above
0dB) is used as a clip indicator and is illuminated red if the output section of the processor detects an over.
The clip light remains illuminated until you click on the meter. Mac ⌥ (Option)–click or Windows Alt-click
the meter to reset the clip light.
A Note About Clipping Indicators:
The clip lights do not mean that the plug-in is clipping; it means that the audio level in the DSP is
currently over 0 dBFS. If you do not lower the signal level you run a chance of actually clipping the
input of another processor or D/A convertor.
Low and High Frequency Pre-filter
Figure 11.8: Low and High Frequency Pre-filter
The pre-filter graph is a visual representation of the filter shape as set by the Cutoff Hz and Cutoff dB controls
for the Low and High filters. As these controls are changed, the dots shows the knee freqencies and levels. You
may also click and drag the dots to change the filter placements.
Reverb Impulse Display
Figure 11.9: Reverb Impulse Display
The reverb impulse display gives you a visual indication of what the reverb parameters are doing. The horizontal axis represents time (up to .5 seconds) and the vertical axis represents unscaled level. Clicking on the
display will toggle between the Reverb Impulse Display and Energy Time Curve.
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Operation
Figure 11.10: Energy Time Curve
61
12. Processing
A Detailed Description
In this chapter we'll discuss how the controls work.
Input
Pre-filter
Wet/Dry
Control
Reverb
Output
Gain
Output
Figure 12.1: Signal Flow
The block diagram above illustrates the overall structure of the processing system provided by HaloVerb. The
diagram does not indicate the metering blocks.
Now lets examine the various processing blocks indicated in the diagram.
Prefilter
These controls set the frequency and level of the shelving pre-filters. Using these controls allows you to tailor
how much low and high frequency material is removed before the signal enters the reverb process.
Figure 12.2: Pre-filters at 34 Hz and 9kHz
Reverb
Let's take a look at what HaloVerb's parameters do, using the Reverb Impulse display. All controls will be
at the factory default except the control being discussed, so that you can see how that control changes the
reverb characteristics.
Please note that some combinations of settings will look similar in the impulse display, but will sound very
different.
Predelay
The Predelay control sets the time in milliseconds before the first reflection of the reverb is heard, up to a
maximum of 170 ms. When looking at the Reverb impulse, the predelay is seen as the time between the left
side of the window and the beginning of the impulse:
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Processing
Figure 12.3: Predelay of 0 ms
Figure 12.4: Predelay of 45 ms
RT60
The RT60 control sets the overall reverb time in seconds; RT60 is a standard measurement of how long it takes
the acoustic energy in a room to fall below 60 dB. When looking at the Reverb impulse, changes in the RT60
will be seen as a “thickening” of the reverb tail:
Figure 12.5: RT60 of .1 Seconds
Figure 12.6: RT60 of 7 Seconds
Damping
The Damping control sets how much of the reverb signal is removed before being fed back into itself as a
percentage. Low damping settings can lead to a ringing, metallic sound.
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Processing
Figure 12.7: Damping of 0%
Figure 12.8: Damping of 100%
Diffusion
The Diffusion control determines how dense the reverb is. A low diffusion setting emphasizes individual echos,
while a higher diffusion “pushes” the echos together and thickens the reverb. Some higher settings will cause
the reflections to decreasedue to phase cancellation.
Figure 12.9: Diffusion of 0%
Figure 12.10: Diffusion of 75%
Width
The Width control is only available when using HaloVerb as a stereo plug-in. Width allows you to vary the
“spread” of the reverb from mono (panned to the center of the image) to full stereo.
Wet/Dry Control
The Wet/Dry control sets the mix between the reverb (wet) and original (dry) signals as a percentage. Setting
this control to 0 (full dry) lets no reverberated sound through. Setting this control to 100 (full wet) lets only
reverb pass; you would want to use this setting when inserting HaloVerb on an aux bus. If you are inserting
HaloVerb directly on an input or bus, use this control to balance the original audio and reverb.
64
Processing
Output Gain
The Gain control allows you to vary the final output level of HaloVerb by ±20dB
65
Part V. Multiband Dynamics
Table of Contents
13. Introduction ..............................................................................................................................
14. Operation .................................................................................................................................
Control Knob .........................................................................................................................
Toggle Button .........................................................................................................................
Fader .....................................................................................................................................
Band Solo Button ...................................................................................................................
Tooltip Control .......................................................................................................................
Graphs Disclosure Control ......................................................................................................
Gain Reduction Meter .............................................................................................................
Output Meter .........................................................................................................................
Dynamic Transfer Function ......................................................................................................
Spectragraph Analyzer ............................................................................................................
Dynamics Knee ......................................................................................................................
15. Processing ................................................................................................................................
A Detailed Description ............................................................................................................
Input Conditioning ..................................................................................................................
Crossover ...............................................................................................................................
Compressor ............................................................................................................................
Introduction ....................................................................................................................
Compressor Enable .........................................................................................................
Band Solo Button ...........................................................................................................
Auto Gain ......................................................................................................................
Threshold Control ...........................................................................................................
Manual Make-Up Gain ...................................................................................................
Ratio Control ..................................................................................................................
Compressor Knee Control ................................................................................................
Attack Control ................................................................................................................
Release Control ..............................................................................................................
Limiter ...................................................................................................................................
Limiter Enable ................................................................................................................
Input Gain .....................................................................................................................
Threshold .......................................................................................................................
Limiter Knee Control .......................................................................................................
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13. Introduction
Multiband Dynamics is a plug-in for digital audio workstations which provides frequency based dynamic
processing.
Features include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Three-way crossover
Three independent channels of compression
Limiter
Disclosable graphic displays
Dynamic transfer function display
SpectraFoo™ spectrum analysis
Figure 13.1: Multiband Dynamics's User Interface
68
14. Operation
As with most plug-ins, Multiband Dynamics provides many copies of controls that are all operated in a similar
manner. The Multiband Dynamics user interface uses a few different control elements to control all of the
processing. These elements are:
Control Knob
Control Knobs are used to control the value of various continuous parameters of a process. Examples of these
types of parameters include: Attack Time, Release Time, Threshold, etc. There are two styles of encoders:
Figure 14.1: Swept Knob
The rings around these encoders sweep from a minimum to maximum value, normally from left to right. The
one exception is the threshold controls, which sweep from right to left.
Figure 14.2: Plus/Minus Knob
The rings around these encoders start at 12 o'clock and sweep to either side. These knobs are used for gain
control, where straight up is no gain change, turning to the left cuts the signal and turning to the right boosts it.
You can change the value of each knob in a number of different ways. Click and drag the knob to change the
value continuously. Dragging up or to the right will increase the value, while dragging down or to the left will
decrease the value. If you hold down the Mac ⌘ (Command) key or Windows Control key when you click,
you will be able to adjust the value with finer precision. If you hold the Mac ⌥ (Option) key or Windows Alt
key when you click, the knob will reset to its default value. You may also double-click a knob to reset it.
Click on the number (readout) of the knob to display a text entry field that allows you to type in a number
directly. The pop-up will remain active until you dismiss it by clicking somewhere else or hitting the return,
enter, tab, Mac ⌘. (Command + .), Windows Alt key or ESC keys. Hit return or enter to confirm the value
and dismiss the pop-up. Hit the tab key to confirm the value and display an entry field for the next control. ⇧tab (Shift + tab) will display the entry field for the previous control). Hit the Mac ⌘. (Command + .), Windows
Control. (Control + .) or ESC (Escape) to dismiss the pop-up and cancel the change.
When you enter a number into the pop-up entry, you can use a couple of abbreviations: “k” multiplies the
number by 1000 and “m” divides the number by 1000. So if you want to enter 16,500 Hz you can just type
16.5k.
69
Operation
Toggle Button
Figure 14.3: Toggle Button (Off)
Figure 14.4: Toggle Button (On)
Toggle buttons are simple on/off switches. They light up when they are on and are dark when they are off.
You toggle the state of the button by clicking on it. These buttons are used to enable compressor sections and
the limiter, and to select auto gain.
Fader
Figure 14.5: Output Gain
The fader is unique in that only one fader is used in the interface for Multiband Dynamics. It works in much the
same fashion as the control knobs. Instead of dragging up/right or down/left to change the value, you directly
drag the fader knob. The other “tricks” described for the knobs also work with the fader. The fader is used to
control the master output gain of the plug-in.
Band Solo Button
Figure 14.6: Band Solo Button (Disabled)
Figure 14.7: Band Solo Button (Enabled)
The band solo button allows you to listen to an individual crossover band or combination of them. This allows
you to hear the effect of each compressor section independantly.
70
Operation
Tooltip Control
Figure 14.8: Tooltip Control
This button toggles the tooltip display. When enabled, tooltips wil be shown when the mouse hovers over a
control. When the tooltip display is disabled, you may still see tooltips by holding down the ? key and hovering
over a control.
Graphs Disclosure Control
Figure 14.9: Graph Disclosure Button
The Graphs disclosure control allows you to show and hide Multiband Dynamics’ display graphs. This allows
you to maximize screen real-estate while still providing details on the processing when they are needed. Click
on this control to toggle the visibility of the graphs. Multiband Dynamics will automatically make the plugin window smaller when you hide the graphs.
Multiband Dynamics also uses a number of standard visual representations to give you feedback about what
is happening within the processor. These elements are:
Gain Reduction Meter
Figure 14.10: Gain Reduction Meter
The gain reduction meter, which has an orange bar and grows down from 0 dB, shows the amount of attenuation being applied by its associated dynamics processor at any given time. If you right-click (Mac/Win) or Mac
⌃ (Control) click on the meter, you may set the scale of the gain reduction meter to any of the following values:
•
•
•
•
•
54 dB
24 db
12 db
6 db
3 db
71
Operation
Output Meter
Figure 14.11: Output Meter
For the main output stage of Multiband Dynamics we have provided meters driven with SpectraFoo™ metering
technology. These meters show, in addition to the peak metering provided for the input stages, RMS level and
VU level. The peak level is represented by the floating colored bar, the RMS level by the solid colored bar and
the VU level by the overlaid gray bar. Both the Peak and RMS level are represented with fast PPM ballistics.
The VU meter shows IEEE standard 300 ms RMS average level. When Multiband Dynamics is on a mono insert
there will be a single meter. When Multiband Dynamics is running in stereo mode the left meter shows the left
channel output level and the right meter shows the right channel output level. The output section clip lights
activate if there is an over in the output stage or in any of the processing section input stages. It is reset by
clicking on the meter; Mac ⌥ (Option)–click or Windows Alt-click to reset the clip lights on all the meters.
Dynamic Transfer Function
Figure 14.12: Dynamic Transfer Function
72
Operation
The dynamic transfer function is a combination of a visual representation of how the plug-in is processing the
signal and an intuitive controller for the crossover filter bands.
The horizontal axis provides frequency calibration in Hertz (Hz), while the vertical axis provides level calibration in decibels (dBr). The heavy white line indicates the relative change in level at each frequency that
is created by the combined effects of all of the active bands in the plug-in. Each crossover point (low to mid
and mid to high) is represented by a colored dot in the transfer function. You may drag the dots to adjust the
crossover points.
If you right-click (Mac/Win) or Mac ⌃ (Control) click on the transfer function, you will see a menu to set the
vertical dB scale for the display. The values are:
•
•
•
•
•
±3 dB
±6 dB
±12 dB
±24 dB
±36 dB
Spectragraph Analyzer
Clicking the SpectraFoo™ logo in the upper right hand corner of the transfer function will activate the spectragraph, showing the realtime frequency analysis of your signal:
Figure 14.13: Spectragraph Display
The traces are:
•
•
•
•
White: Left channel instantaneous display
Red: Right channel instantaneous display
Yellow: Left channel average display
Blue: Right channel average display
The instantaneous trace updates in real-time, allowing you to see the immediate peak level of your audio. The
average trace displays the level as averaged over a short period, giving you a more general view.
73
Operation
The spectragraph analyses the signal post-output gain, allowing you to see the effects of the processors. To
disable the spectragraph entirely, click the active 'Foo icon.
If you right-click (Mac/Win) or Mac ⌃ (Control) click on the transfer function, you will see a menu to set
options for the spectragraph:
•
•
•
•
Show Instantaneous Trace: Toggles whether the spectragraph shows the instant response of your audio.
Show Average Trace: Toggles whether the spectragraph shows the averaged response of your audio.
Show Left Channel: Toggles the left channel spectragraph display.
Show Right Channel: Toggles the right channel spectragraph display.
These settings are stored for each transfer function window separately, and for each instance of Multiband
Dynamics.
Dynamics Knee
Figure 14.14: Dynamics Knee
Multiband Dynamics contains a Dynamics Knee diagram for each compressor processing section. The diagram
provides feedback on the response of the associated dynamics processor. Both the horizontal and vertical axes
are calibrated in dBFS. The horizontal axis corresponds to the input level and the vertical axis represents the
output level. The heavy line shows the dynamic of the associated processing block. This means that if you
sent in a sine wave at a given input level, the output level would be equal to the level shown on the graph.
When the processor is working with real dynamic signals, the graph is a good approximation of the response
when the attack is fast and the release is slow.
In most cases, however, the dynamic response of the processor will not match its static response. In order to
represent this, we have included a “bouncing ball” meter for both the gate and the compressor. This metering
is shown as a red circle that is overlaid on the knee diagram. The red circle is placed so its horizontal position is
equal to the instantaneous input level and its vertical level is equal to the instantaneous output level. Examining
this meter while you are adjusting the dynamics controls will provide you with a great deal of information
about how the processor is operating and how the controls interact.
74
15. Processing
A Detailed Description
In this chapter we'll discuss what each processing block does and how the controls work.
High
Compressor
Input
Input Gain
Crossover
SpectraFoo
Band Solos
Mid
Compressor
Limiter
Output
Gain
Output
Low
Compressor
Figure 15.1: Multiband Dynamics Signal Flow
The block diagram above illustrates the overall structure of the processing system provided by Multiband
Dynamics. The diagram does not indicate the various metering blocks.
Now lets examine the various processing blocks indicated in the diagram.
Input Conditioning
After the signal is routed to Multiband Dynamics it runs through an input gain block that provides input gain
of up to +30 dB. You can use this gain to condition signals that are low in level.
This input gain may also be used to pad out signals by up to –30 dB. While you may find this attenuation useful
to just bring down the level through the strip simply and quickly, you must realize that this gain is applied after
the signal reaches Multiband Dynamics and will not pad out any clipping that occurs in the A/D converters
or in a plug-in that is inserted before Multiband Dynamics.
The input gain is controlled by the “In Gain” knob.
Crossover
The crossover seperates the audio input into low, mid and high bands; each of these bands is then fed through
a compressor section. There are two controls to set the crossover points:
Figure 15.2: Crossover Controls
The control marked “LXover” sets the frequency of the low to mid crossover, and the control marked “HXover”
sets the frequency of the mid to high crossover.
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Processing
You may also adjust the crossover points in the dynamic transfer function:
Figure 15.3: Dynamic Transfer Function
Simply grab one of the handles at the bottom of the display and drag to desired frequency. The orange handle
adjusts the low/mid crossover point and the green handle adjusts the mid/high crossover point.
Compressor
Figure 15.4: Compressor (Low Frequency Shown)
Introduction
Multiband Dynamics contains three separate compressors, one for each crossover band. They are identical,
so we will only describe their operation once.
76
Processing
Compressor Enable
When this button is off, the compressor section will not change the signal.
Band Solo Button
This button (the speaker icon next to the Enable button) allows you to monitor the selected compressor's output.
This will allow you to listen one or more bands of compression in isolation. When you are done listening to
the soloed band(s), click this button again to hear Multiband Dynamics' normal output.
Auto Gain
When the “Auto Gain” button is enabled the compressor automatically adjusts the makeup gain in the compressor output stage so that if the manual “O Gain” knob is set to 0 dB the static gain reduction for a 0 dB
input level will be about 7 dB. This number was chosen because it works well with the default settings of the
“Attack” and “Release” knobs to provide enough pad to not clip fast transients. The “O Gain” knob will apply
additional trim to the internal automatic gain. If the threshold is set very low (e.g. –60 dB) and auto gain is
enabled, you will not be able to add very much manual gain (only about 1 – 2 dB) even though the readout
on the knob will go up to + 30 dB. This is an internal limitation of the compressor.
Threshold Control
The “Thresh” knob controls the level at which the compressor begins to reduce the gain applied to the signal.
When the detector level is below the threshold level, no gain reduction is applied. As the detector level increases above the threshold level, the gain is reduced as indicated by the knee diagram associated with the
compressor. The compressor knee is soft. The ratio increases as the difference between the detector level and
the threshold increases.
The compressor threshold level is also indicated by the red bar above the gate input meter. You can adjust the
threshold level using this indicator as well as by using the “Thresh” knob.
Manual Make-Up Gain
The “Gain” knob allows you to manually adjust the makeup gain applied to the signal after the gain reduction
applied by the compressor by ±30 db. If the Auto Gain switch is off, this is the amount of makeup gain applied.
If the Auto Gain switch is on, then this parameter is a trim added to the internally computed makeup gain. The
makeup gain is enabled and disabled along with the rest of the compressor.
Ratio Control
The “Ratio” knob controls the ‘terminal’ ratio used to compute the gain reduction of the compressor. When
the ratio associated with the soft knee hits the ratio specified by the ratio knob, the knee ‘hardens’ and remains
at the same constant ratio. If you set the ratio to 1000:1 the compressor will have a soft knee for all input levels
and thresholds. This makes the compressor work like a classic all tube limiter/compressor.
Compressor Knee Control
The “Knee” knob allows you to adjust shape of the compressor transfer function. When the Knee control is set
to 0, the transfer function of the compressor is a classic “hard-knee” in which the compressor applies no gain
reduction when the detector is below the threshold, and the gain is reduced by the ratio when the detector
level is above the threshold.
77
Processing
Figure 15.5: Knee Control at 0
When you increase the Knee parameter from 0 to 1 the knee of the transfer function gradually softens until the
compressor functions as a soft-knee compressor when the Knee parameter is 1.
Figure 15.6: Knee Control at 1
You can also adjust the Knee parameter to negative values, which has the effect introducing a “kink” in the
compressor transfer function at the threshold. This can yield useful results on percussive material.
Figure 15.7: Knee Control at -0.5
Attack Control
The “Attack” knob allows you to adjust how quickly the gain reduction is increases when the detector level
goes above the threshold level. This control is calibrated in milliseconds and values range from 0 to 500 ms.
The compressor has an 8 sample look-ahead buffer that allows it to have an “instant attack” when you set the
78
Processing
attack time to 0. Fast attack times will control the transients of impulsive sounds. Use longer attack times to
let the transients through but control the sustains.
Release Control
The “Release” knob controls the release time of the compressor. This knob is calibrated in milliseconds and
can range from 5 ms to 5 sec. The release time controls how quickly the gain reduction returns to zero after
the detector drops below the threshold value. For settings below 40 ms or so the compressor releases pretty
abruptly and may introduce unwanted artifacts into your audio, depending on the signal. In addition, be careful
making the release time faster than the attack time.
Limiter
Figure 15.8: Limiter
The final processing block in the Multiband Dynamics is a limiter. The limiter can be used to ensure that
the final output of ChannelStrip doesn't distort due to extreme EQ boosts. This also makes it very easy to use
Multiband Dynamics as a mastering plug-in on your final mix bus.
Limiter Enable
When this button is off, the limiter section will not change the signal.
Input Gain
This control allows you to attenuate or boost the signal level going in to the limiter's input by ±30 dB.
Threshold
The “Thresh” knob controls the level at which the limiter begins to reduce the gain applied to the signal. When
the detector level is below the threshold level, no gain reduction is applied. As the detector level increases
79
Processing
toward the threshold level, the gain is reduced as determined by the knee control. The limiter knee is soft. The
ratio increases as the difference between the detector level and the threshold increases.
Limiter Knee Control
The “Knee” knob allows you to adjust shape of the limiter gain reduction. When the Knee control is set to 0,
the transfer function of the limiter is a classic “hard-knee” in which the compressor applies no gain reduction
when the detector is below the threshold, and the gain is reduced by the ratio when the detector level is at
the threshold.
80
Part VI. Multiband Expander
Table of Contents
16. Introduction ..............................................................................................................................
17. Operation .................................................................................................................................
Control Knob .........................................................................................................................
Toggle Button .........................................................................................................................
Fader .....................................................................................................................................
Band Solo Button ...................................................................................................................
Tooltip Control .......................................................................................................................
Graphs Disclosure Control ......................................................................................................
Gain Reduction Meter .............................................................................................................
Output Meter .........................................................................................................................
Dynamic Transfer Function ......................................................................................................
Spectragraph Analyzer ............................................................................................................
Dynamics Knee ......................................................................................................................
18. Processing ................................................................................................................................
A Detailed Description ............................................................................................................
Input Conditioning ..................................................................................................................
Crossover ...............................................................................................................................
Expander ................................................................................................................................
Introduction ....................................................................................................................
Expander Enable .............................................................................................................
Band Solo Button ...........................................................................................................
Threshold Control ...........................................................................................................
Attack Control ................................................................................................................
Release Control ..............................................................................................................
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16. Introduction
Multiband Expander's features include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Input level control
Three-way crossover
Three independent channels of expansion
Disclosable graphic displays
Dynamic transfer function display
SpectraFoo™ spectrum analysis
Figure 16.1: Multiband Expander's User Interface
83
17. Operation
As with most plug-ins, Multiband Expander provides many copies of controls that are all operated in a similar
manner. The Multiband Expander user interface uses a few different control elements to control all of the
processing. These elements are:
Control Knob
Control Knobs are used to control the value of various continuous parameters of a process. Examples of these
types of parameters include: Attack Time, Release Time, Threshold, etc. There are two styles of encoders:
Figure 17.1: Swept Knob
The rings around these encoders sweep from a minimum to maximum value, normally from left to right. The
exceptions are the crossover and threshold controls, which sweep from right to left.
Figure 17.2: Plus/Minus Knob
The rings around these encoders start at 12 o'clock and sweep to either side. These knobs are used for gain
control, where straight up is no gain change, turning to the left cuts the signal and turning to the right boosts it.
You can change the value of each knob in a number of different ways. Click and drag the knob to change the
value continuously. Dragging up or to the right will increase the value, while dragging down or to the left will
decrease the value. If you hold down the Mac ⌘ (Command) key or Windows Control key when you click,
you will be able to adjust the value with finer precision. If you hold the Mac ⌥ (Option) key or Windows Alt
key when you click, the knob will reset to its default value. You may also double-click a knob to reset it.
Click on the number (readout) of the knob to display a text entry field that allows you to type in a number
directly. The pop-up will remain active until you dismiss it by clicking somewhere else or hitting the return,
enter, tab, Mac ⌘. (Command + .), Windows Alt key or ESC keys. Hit return or enter to confirm the value
and dismiss the pop-up. Hit the tab key to confirm the value and display an entry field for the next control. ⇧tab (Shift + tab) will display the entry field for the previous control). Hit the Mac ⌘. (Command + .), Windows
Control. (Control + .) or ESC (Escape) to dismiss the pop-up and cancel the change.
When you enter a number into the pop-up entry, you can use a couple of abbreviations: “k” multiplies the
number by 1000 and “m” divides the number by 1000. So if you want to enter 16,500 Hz you can just type
16.5k.
84
Operation
Toggle Button
Figure 17.3: Toggle Button (Off)
Figure 17.4: Toggle Button (On)
Toggle buttons are simple on/off switches. They light up when they are on and are dark when they are off.
You toggle the state of the button by clicking on it. These buttons are used to enable compressor sections and
the limiter, and to select auto gain.
Fader
Figure 17.5: Output Gain
The fader is unique in that only one fader is used in the interface for Multiband Expander. It works in much the
same fashion as the control knobs. Instead of dragging up/right or down/left to change the value, you directly
drag the fader knob. The other “tricks” described for the knobs also work with the fader. The fader is used to
control the master output gain of the plug-in.
Band Solo Button
Figure 17.6: Band Solo Button (Disabled)
Figure 17.7: Band Solo Button (Enabled)
The band solo button allows you to listen to an individual crossover band or combination of them. This allows
you to hear the effect of each compressor section independantly.
85
Operation
Tooltip Control
Figure 17.8: Tooltip Control
This button toggles the tooltip display. When enabled, tooltips wil be shown when the mouse hovers over a
control. When the tooltip display is disabled, you may still see tooltips by holding down the ? key and hovering
over a control.
Graphs Disclosure Control
Figure 17.9: Graph Disclosure Button
The Graphs disclosure control allows you to show and hide Multiband Expander’ display graphs. This allows
you to maximize screen real-estate while still providing details on the processing when they are needed. Click
on this control to toggle the visibility of the graphs. Multiband Expander will automatically make the plug-in
window smaller when you hide the graphs.
Multiband Expander also uses a number of standard visual representations to give you feedback about what
is happening within the processor. These elements are:
Gain Reduction Meter
Figure 17.10: Gain Reduction Meter
The gain reduction meter, which has an orange bar and grows down from 0 dB, shows the amount of attenuation being applied by its associated dynamics processor at any given time. If you right-click (Mac/Win) or Mac
⌃ (Control) click on the meter, you may set the scale of the gain reduction meter to any of the following values:
•
•
•
•
•
54 dB
24 db
12 db
6 db
3 db
86
Operation
Output Meter
Figure 17.11: Output Meter
For the main output stage of Multiband Expander we have provided meters driven with SpectraFoo™ metering
technology. These meters show, in addition to the peak metering provided for the input stages, RMS level and
VU level. The peak level is represented by the floating colored bar, the RMS level by the solid colored bar and
the VU level by the overlaid gray bar. Both the Peak and RMS level are represented with fast PPM ballistics.
The VU meter shows IEEE standard 300 ms RMS average level. When Multiband Expander is on a mono insert
there will be a single meter. When Multiband Expander is running in stereo mode the left meter shows the left
channel output level and the right meter shows the right channel output level. The output section clip lights
activate if there is an over in the output stage or in any of the processing section input stages. It is reset by
clicking on the meter; Mac ⌥ (Option)–click or Windows Alt-click to reset the clip lights on all the meters.
A Note About Clipping Indicators:
The clip lights do not mean that the plug-in is clipping; it means that the audio level in the DSP is
currently over 0 dBFS. If you do not lower the signal level you run a chance of actually clipping the
input of another processor or D/A convertor.
87
Operation
Dynamic Transfer Function
Figure 17.12: Dynamic Transfer Function
The dynamic transfer function is a combination of a visual representation of how the plug-in is processing the
signal and an intuitive controller for the crossover filter bands.
The horizontal axis provides frequency calibration in Hertz (Hz), while the vertical axis provides level calibration in decibels (dBr). The heavy white line indicates the relative change in level at each frequency that
is created by the combined effects of all of the active bands in the plug-in. Each crossover point (low to mid
and mid to high) is represented by a colored dot in the transfer function. You may drag the dots to adjust the
crossover points.
If you right-click (Mac/Win) or Mac ⌃ (Control) click on the transfer function, you will see a menu to set the
vertical dB scale for the display. The values are:
•
•
•
•
•
±3 dB
±6 dB
±12 dB
±24 dB
±36 dB
Spectragraph Analyzer
Clicking the SpectraFoo™ logo in the upper right hand corner of the transfer function will activate the spectragraph, showing the realtime frequency analysis of your signal:
88
Operation
Figure 17.13: Spectragraph Display
The traces are:
•
•
•
•
White: Left channel instantaneous display
Red: Right channel instantaneous display
Yellow: Left channel average display
Blue: Right channel average display
The instantaneous trace updates in real-time, allowing you to see the immediate peak level of your audio. The
average trace displays the level as averaged over a short period, giving you a more general view.
The spectragraph analyses the signal post-output gain, allowing you to see the effects of the processors. To
disable the spectragraph entirely, click the active 'Foo icon.
If you right-click (Mac/Win) or Mac ⌃ (Control) click on the transfer function, you will see a menu to set
options for the spectragraph:
•
•
•
•
Show Instantaneous Trace: Toggles whether the spectragraph shows the instant response of your audio.
Show Average Trace: Toggles whether the spectragraph shows the averaged response of your audio.
Show Left Channel: Toggles the left channel spectragraph display.
Show Right Channel: Toggles the right channel spectragraph display.
These settings are stored for each transfer function window separately, and for each instance of Multiband
Expander.
89
Operation
Dynamics Knee
Figure 17.14: Dynamics Knee
Multiband Expander contains a Dynamics Knee diagram for each compressor processing section. The diagram
provides feedback on the response of the associated dynamics processor. Both the horizontal and vertical axes
are calibrated in dBFS. The horizontal axis corresponds to the input level and the vertical axis represents the
output level. The heavy line shows the dynamic of the associated processing block. This means that if you
sent in a sine wave at a given input level, the output level would be equal to the level shown on the graph.
When the processor is working with real dynamic signals, the graph is a good approximation of the response
when the attack is fast and the release is slow.
In most cases, however, the dynamic response of the processor will not match its static response. In order to
represent this, we have included a “bouncing ball” meter for both the gate and the compressor. This metering
is shown as a red circle that is overlaid on the knee diagram. The red circle is placed so its horizontal position is
equal to the instantaneous input level and its vertical level is equal to the instantaneous output level. Examining
this meter while you are adjusting the dynamics controls will provide you with a great deal of information
about how the processor is operating and how the controls interact.
90
18. Processing
A Detailed Description
In this chapter we'll discuss what each processing block does and how the controls work.
High
Expander
Input
Input Gain
Crossover
SpectraFoo
Band Solos
Mid
Expander
Output
Gain
Output
Low
Expander
Figure 18.1: Multiband Expander Signal Flow
The block diagram above illustrates the overall structure of the processing system provided by Multiband
Expander. The diagram does not indicate the various metering blocks.
Now lets examine the various processing blocks indicated in the diagram.
Input Conditioning
After the signal is routed to Multiband Expander it runs through an input gain block that provides input gain
of up to +30 dB. You can use this gain to condition signals that are low in level.
This input gain may also be used to pad out signals by up to –30 dB. While you may find this attenuation useful
to just bring down the level through the strip simply and quickly, you must realize that this gain is applied after
the signal reaches Multiband Expander and will not pad out any clipping that occurs in the A/D converters or
in a plug-in that is inserted before Multiband Expander.
The input gain is controlled by the “In Gain” knob.
Crossover
The crossover seperates the audio input into low, mid and high bands; each of these bands is then fed through
a compressor section. There are two controls to set the crossover points:
Figure 18.2: Crossover Controls
The control marked “LXover” sets the frequency of the low to mid crossover, and the control marked “HXover”
sets the frequency of the mid to high crossover.
You may also adjust the crossover points in the dynamic transfer function:
91
Processing
Figure 18.3: Dynamic Transfer Function
Simply grab one of the handles at the bottom of the display and drag to desired frequency. The orange handle
adjusts the low/mid crossover point and the green handle adjusts the mid/high crossover point.
Expander
Figure 18.4: Expander (Low Frequency Shown)
Introduction
Multiband Expander contains three separate expanders, one for each crossover band. They are identical, so
we will only describe their operation once.
92
Processing
Expander Enable
When this button is off, the expander section will not change the signal.
Band Solo Button
This button (the speaker icon next to the Enable button) allows you to monitor the selected expander's output.
This will allow you to listen one or more bands of compression in isolation. When you are done listening to
the soloed band(s), click this button again to hear Multiband Expander' normal output.
Threshold Control
The “Thresh” knob controls the level at which the expander begins to reduce the gain applied to the signal.
When the detector level is below the threshold level, no gain reduction is applied. As the detector level increases above the threshold level, the gain is reduced as indicated by the knee diagram associated with the
expander. The expander knee is soft. The ratio increases as the difference between the detector level and the
threshold increases.
The expander threshold level is also indicated by the red bar above the gate input meter. You can adjust the
threshold level using this indicator as well as by using the “Thresh” knob.
Attack Control
The “Attack” knob allows you to adjust how quickly the gain reduction is increases when the detector level
goes above the threshold level. This control is calibrated in milliseconds and values range from 0 to 500 ms.
The expander has an 8 sample look-ahead buffer that allows it to have an “instant attack” when you set the
attack time to 0. Fast attack times will control the transients of impulsive sounds. Use longer attack times to
let the transients through but control the sustains.
Release Control
The “Release” knob controls the release time of the expander. This knob is calibrated in milliseconds and can
range from 5 ms to 5 sec. The release time controls how quickly the gain reduction returns to zero after the
detector drops below the threshold value. For settings below 40 ms or so the expander releases pretty abruptly
and may introduce unwanted artifacts into your audio, depending on the signal. In addition, be careful making
the release time faster than the attack time.
93
Part VII. Precision DeEsser
Table of Contents
19. Introduction .............................................................................................................................. 96
20. Operation ................................................................................................................................. 97
Control Knob ......................................................................................................................... 97
Listen Control ......................................................................................................................... 97
Tooltip Control ....................................................................................................................... 98
DeEsser Detector Level Meter .................................................................................................. 98
Gain Reduction Meter ............................................................................................................. 98
Ess Band Transfer Function ...................................................................................................... 99
Spectragraph Analyzer ............................................................................................................ 99
21. Processing .............................................................................................................................. 101
A Detailed Description .......................................................................................................... 101
Ess Band Filter ...................................................................................................................... 101
Compressor .......................................................................................................................... 101
Threshold Control ......................................................................................................... 102
Ratio Control ................................................................................................................ 102
Attack Control .............................................................................................................. 102
Release Control ............................................................................................................ 102
95
19. Introduction
The Precision DeEsser is a plug-in for digital audio workstations which provides a processor to tame excessive
sibilance in vocal tracks.
Features include:
•
•
•
•
•
Advanced process metering
Scalable gain reduction meter
Precision filter
Flexible dynamics processor
SpectraFoo™ spectrum analysis
Figure 19.1: Precision DeEsser's User Interface
96
20. Operation
The Precision DeEsser user interface uses a few different control elements to control all of the processing.
These elements are:
Control Knob
Control Knobs are used to control the value of various continuous parameters of a process. Examples of these
types of parameters include: Attack time, Release Time, Threshold, etc. There are two styles of encoders:
Figure 20.1: Swept Knob
The rings around these encoders sweep from a minimum to maximum value, from left to right. One exception
is the threshold control, which sweeps from right to left.
Figure 20.2: Spread Knob
The ring around this encoder starts at 12 o'clock and spreads to both sides equally as the control is increased.
This knob is used for the bandwidth control.
You can change the value of each knob in a number of different ways. Click and drag the knob to change the
value continuously. Dragging up or to the right will increase the value, while dragging down or to the left will
decrease the value. If you hold down the Mac ⌘ (Command) key or Windows Control key when you click,
you will be able to adjust the value with finer precision. If you hold the Mac ⌥ (Option) key or Windows Alt
key when you click, the knob will reset to its default value. You may also double-click a knob to reset it.
Click on the number (readout) of the knob to display a text entry field that allows you to type in a number
directly. The pop-up will remain active until you dismiss it by clicking somewhere else or hitting the return,
enter, tab, Mac ⌘. (Command + .), Windows Alt key or ESC keys. Hit return or enter to confirm the value
and dismiss the pop-up. Hit the tab key to confirm the value and display an entry field for the next control. ⇧tab (Shift + tab) will display the entry field for the previous control). Hit the Mac ⌘. (Command + .), Windows
Control. (Control + .) or ESC (Escape) to dismiss the pop-up and cancel the change.
When you enter a number into the pop-up entry, you can use a couple of abbreviations: “k” multiplies the
number by 1000 and “m” divides the number by 1000. So if you want to enter 16,500 Hz you can just type
16.5k.
Listen Control
Figure 20.3: Listen Control
97
Operation
This button selects what part of the audio signal you are monitoring:
DeEssed Signal: The final output of the plug-in after processing
Esses: The output of the compressor, without the non-processed audio
Detector Signal: This is the post-filter, pre-compressor audio
Out-of-Band Signal: The Detector signal subtracted from the input; this allows you to hear audio that
is not being processed
• Removed Material: The Esses signal subtracted from the Detector signal; this allows you to hear only
the audio that is being removed
•
•
•
•
Tooltip Control
Figure 20.4: Tooltip Control
This button toggles the tooltip display. When enabled, tooltips wil be shown when the mouse hovers over a
control. When the tooltip display is disabled, you may still see tooltips by holding down the ? key and hovering
over a control.
DeEsser Detector Level Meter
Figure 20.5: DeEsser Detector Level Meter
The Precision DeEsser provides a meter displaying the level of the detector (derived from the from the Ess-band)
when the De-Esser is active. The processor threshold is indicated by the red threshold slider above the detector
meter. This red bar can be manipulated directly with the mouse. While this meter should never clip (the signal
would have to be exceedingly high), the top segment of the meter (above 0dB) is used as a clip indicator and
is illuminated red if the input section of the processor detects an over. The clip light remains illuminated until
you click on the meter. Mac ⌥ (Option)–click or Windows Alt-click the meter to reset the clip light.
Gain Reduction Meter
Figure 20.6: Gain Reduction Meter
The gain reduction meter, which has an orange bar and grows down from 0 dB, shows the amount of attenuation being applied by the dynamics processor at any given time. If you right-click (Mac/Win) or Mac ⌃
(Control) click on the meter, you may set the scale of the gain reduction meter to any of the following values:
•
•
•
•
•
54 dB
24 db
12 db
6 db
3 db
98
Operation
Ess Band Transfer Function
Figure 20.7: Ess Band Transfer Function
The ess band transfer function is a combination of a visual representation of how the de-esser is processing
the signal and an intuitive controller for the associated filter. This display is sometimes called a “Cartesian
Graph” by other manufacturers.
The horizontal axis provides frequency calibration in Hertz (Hz). The vertical axis provides level calibration
in decibels (dBr). The heavy green line indicates the shape of the filter. The center frequency is represented by
a large dot in the transfer function with two smaller dots flanking it.
Clicking on the large dot and dragging will allow you to adjust the center frequency. Mac ⌥ (Option)–click
or Windows Alt the dot to adjust the bandwidth (dragging right increases the bandwidth, left decreases the
bandwidth). Click and drag the smaller dots associated with a larger dot to adjust the filter bandwidth.
To dismiss the filter curve, click anywhere in the black area of the transfer function. This will deselect the filter
point, and the only trace displayed will be the green master curve.
Spectragraph Analyzer
Clicking the SpectraFoo™ logo in the upper right hand corner of the transfer function will activate the spectragraph, showing the realtime frequency analysis of your signal:
Figure 20.8: Spectragraph Display
99
Operation
The traces are:
• White: Instantaneous display
• Yellow: Average display
The instantaneous trace updates in real-time, allowing you to see the immediate peak level of your audio. The
average trace displays the level as averaged over a short period, giving you a more general view.
The spectragraph analyses the signal currently being audition, as set by the “Listen To:” button. To disable the
spectragraph entirely, click the active 'Foo icon.
If you right-click (Mac/Win) or Mac ⌃ (Control) click on the transfer function, you will see a menu to set
options for the spectragraph:
• Show Instantaneous Trace: Toggles whether the spectragraph shows the instant response of your audio.
• Show Average Trace: Toggles whether the spectragraph shows the averaged response of your audio.
These settings are stored for each instance of the Precision DeEsser.
100
21. Processing
A Detailed Description
In this chapter we'll discuss how the controls work.
DeEssed
Signal
+
Listen To:
+
SpectraFoo
Detector
+
Out-of-Band Signal
+
Input
Filter
Output
Removed Material
Compressor
Esses
Figure 21.1: Signal Flow
The block diagram above illustrates the overall structure of the processing system provided by the Precision
DeEsser. The diagram does not indicate the metering blocks.
Now lets examine the various processing blocks indicated in the diagram.
Ess Band Filter
When the signal is routed to the Precision DeEsser it runs through a filter block that allows you to define the
frequency area to be processed.
Figure 21.2: Ess Band Filter Controls
The filter controls are:
• Center: Sets the center frequency of the ess band filter.
• BW (Oct): Sets the bandwidth of the ess band filter. Higher values widen the filter.
• Sharpness: Sets the slope of the filter
To use the filter, set the Center parameter as close as possible to the undesired frequency. Use the BandWidth
control to set the overall width of the filter; a narrow bandwidth will let less audio through to the compressor,
while large bandwidths will process more overall. By using the Sharpness control you may shape the slope of
the filter, to adjust the transition between the processed and non-processed audio.
Compressor
The next processing block is the compressor. The compressor is used to reduce the level of the audio within
the filter boundary once it exceeds the threshold.
101
Processing
Figure 21.3: Compressor Controls
Threshold Control
The “Thresh” knob controls the level at which the de-esser begins to process audio. When the detector level
is below the threshold level no processing takes place. When the detector level is above the threshold level,
the gain is reduced at a ratio set by the Ratio control.
The threshold level is also indicated by the red bar above the input meter. You can adjust the threshold level
using this indicator as well as by using the “Thresh” knob.
Ratio Control
The “Ratio” knob controls the ratio used to compute the gain reduction of the compressor.
Attack Control
The “Attack” knob allows you to adjust how quickly the gain reduction is decreased to 0 dB when the detector
level goes below the threshold level. The maximum value is 100 milliseconds.
Release Control
The “Release” knob controls the release time of the compressor. This parameter is measured in milliseconds
and can range from 10 ms to 1000 ms. The release time controls how quickly the compressor closes after the
detector drops below the threshold value.
102
Part VIII. TransientControl
Table of Contents
22. Introduction ............................................................................................................................
23. Operation ...............................................................................................................................
Control Knob ........................................................................................................................
Output Meter .......................................................................................................................
UI Mode Button ...................................................................................................................
Tooltip Control .....................................................................................................................
Process Meter .......................................................................................................................
Basic Controls ......................................................................................................................
Advanced Controls ................................................................................................................
24. Processing ..............................................................................................................................
A Detailed Description ..........................................................................................................
Transient Detector ........................................................................................................
Transient Gain ..............................................................................................................
Sustain Detector ...........................................................................................................
Sustain Gain .................................................................................................................
Output Gain .................................................................................................................
104
105
106
106
106
106
108
108
108
108
109
109
109
109
109
110
110
22. Introduction
TransientControl is a plug-in for digital audio workstations which provides a unique dynamic shaping tool.
Figure 22.1: TransientControl's User Interface
TransientControl looks at two components of audio:
• Transient: The audio's “attack”. This is the pick of a guitar or bass, hit of a snare drum, etc.
• Sustain: This is the part of the audio around the transient.
TransientControl uses envelope detectors to separate what is transient and what is sustain. Once these elements
are separated, TransientControl can manipulate them to boost or cut the desired section of audio.
105
23. Operation
The TransientControl user interface uses a few different control elements to control its processing. These elements are:
Control Knob
Figure 23.1: Control Knob
Control Knobs are used to control the value of various continuous parameters of a process. Examples of these
types of parameters include: Transient, Sustain, Gain, etc. You can change the value of each knob in a number
of different ways. Click and drag the knob to change the value continuously. Dragging up or to the right will
increase the value, while dragging down or to the left will decrease the value. If you hold down the Mac ⌘
(Command) key or Windows Control key when you click, you will be able to adjust the value with finer
precision. If you hold the Mac ⌥ (Option) key or Windows Alt key when you click, the knob will reset to its
default value. You may also double-click a knob to reset it.
Click on the number (readout) of the knob to display a text entry field that allows you to type in a number
directly. The pop-up will remain active until you dismiss it by clicking somewhere else or hitting the return,
enter, tab, Mac ⌘. (Command + .), Windows Alt key or ESC keys. Hit return or enter to confirm the value
and dismiss the pop-up. Hit the tab key to confirm the value and display an entry field for the next control. ⇧tab (Shift + tab) will display the entry field for the previous control). Hit the Mac ⌘. (Command + .), Windows
Control. (Control + .) or ESC (Escape) to dismiss the pop-up and cancel the change.
Output Meter
Figure 23.2: Output Meter
For the main output stage of TransientControl we have provided meters driven with SpectraFoo metering
technology. These meters show, in addition to the peak metering provided for the input stages, RMS level and
VU level. The peak level is represented by the floating colored bar, the RMS level by the solid colored bar and
the VU level by the overlaid gray bar. Both the Peak and RMS level are represented with fast PPM ballistics.
The VU meter shows IEEE standard 300 ms RMS average level. When TransientControl is on a mono insert
there will be a single meter. When TransientControl is running in stereo mode the top meter shows the left
channel output level and the bottom meter shows the right channel output level. The output section clip lights
activate if there is an over in the output stage or in any of the processing section input stages. It is reset by
clicking on the meter; Mac ⌥ (Option)–click or Windows Alt-click to reset the clip lights on all the meters.
UI Mode Button
Figure 23.3: UI Mode Button
106
Operation
This button switches TransientControl's user interface mode. There are three modes available:
Figure 23.4: Basic: Provides the Minimum Controls and Metering
Figure 23.5: Basic with Process Metering: Adds Process Metering
Figure 23.6: Advanced with Process Metering: Adds Access to the Advanced Envelope Controls
107
Operation
Tooltip Control
Figure 23.7: Tooltip Control
This button toggles the tooltip display. When enabled, tooltips wil be shown when the mouse hovers over a
control. When the tooltip display is disabled, you may still see tooltips by holding down the ? key and hovering
over a control.
Process Meter
Figure 23.8: Process Meter with Settings Menu
The process meter shows how TransientControl is modifying the audio signal. Activity above the horizon of the
meter shows the amount of gain increase from the Transient and Sustain adjustments, while activity below the
horizon shows the amount of gain reduction. The scale of this display can be adjusted by clicking the process
meter. This menu will let you configure whether the gain adjustment from the Gain control is factored into the
meter, as well as allowing you to save your metering preferences as default.
Basic Controls
The Basic UI mode gives you access to the most often used controls:
• Transient: Controls the gain applied to the transient portion of the signal. Adjust this parameter to boost
or cut the transient “spike” of your signal. For example, Transient boost can bring out the pick attack
in a bass line.
• Sustain: Controls the gain applied to the sustain portion of the signal. Adjust this parameter to boost or
cut the audio material around the transient “spike” of your signal. For example, Sustain boost can round
out the sound of an acoustic guitar.
• Gain: Master output gain in dB. Use this to set the output level after setting the Transient and Sustain
controls.
Advanced Controls
The Advanced UI mode gives you access to the controls used to fine tune the transient and sustain envelope
detectors.
You will not usually need to adjust these parameters, but may find it necessary on challenging material. You
can also change these settings to create special effects.
108
24. Processing
A Detailed Description
In this chapter we discuss what each processing block does and how the controls work.
Transient
Detector
Transient
Gain
Output
Input
Output
Gain
Sustain
Detector
Sustain
Gain
Figure 24.1: TransientControl Block Diagram
The block diagram above illustrates the overall structure of the processing system provided by TransientControl.
This diagram does not indicate the various metering blocks.
Now lets examine the various processing blocks indicated in the diagram.
Transient Detector
The transient detector separates the transient component of the audio from the surrounding sustain. The detector envelope is tuned using the following controls, which are available in the Advanced UI view:
• Fast Attack: Sets the fast attack time of the transient detector, from 0 to 100ms.
• Slow Attack: Sets the slow attack of the transient detector, from 0 to 100ms.
• Release: Sets the release of the transient detector, from 0 to 1000ms.
The Fast Attack and Slow Attack controls define the threshold that the audio must exceed to be considered
“transient”, while the Release control sets how long the envelope stays open.
You generally will not need to change these controls from the default values.
Transient Gain
This control allows you to boost or cut the level of the audio that falls within the transient detector's envelope.
The gain range is ±300%
Sustain Detector
The sustain detector separates the sustain component of the audio from the transient “spike”. The detector
envelope is tuned using the following controls, which are available in the Advanced UI view:
• Attack: Sets the attack of the sustain detector, from 0 to 100ms.
• Fast Release: Sets the fast release of the sustain detector, from 0 to 1000ms.
• Slow Release: Sets the slow release of the sustain detector, from 0 to 1000ms.
109
Processing
The Fast Release and Slow Release controls define the thresholds that the audio must be within to be considered
“sustain”, while the Attack control sets how long the envelope stays open.
You generally will not need to change these controls from the default values.
Sustain Gain
This control allows you to boost or cut the level of the audio that falls within the sustain detector's envelope.
The gain range is ±300%
Output Gain
This control allows you to boost or cut the output level after all processing has been applied. The gain range
is ±24 dB
110
Part IX. Working with Hosts
Table of Contents
25. Pro Tools (Mac/Win) ...............................................................................................................
Plug-in Window ...................................................................................................................
Key Commands ....................................................................................................................
26. AU Hosts (Mac) ......................................................................................................................
Logic ...................................................................................................................................
Plug-in Window ...........................................................................................................
112
113
113
114
115
115
115
25. Pro Tools (Mac/Win)
Your Pro Tools software provides a standard interface for controlling various aspects of AAX plug-ins. While
you should refer to your Pro Tools documentation for a complete description, we will summarize the most
important points here.
If you wish to use a plug-in on multiple channels in your mix, you should Mac ⌥ (Option) or Windows Alt
insert the plug-in on the desired channels and ensure that the plug-in is inserted on the same insert point
on every channel (e.g. ensure that the plug-in is on insert “a” for every channel). This will allow you to take
advantage of a number of time saving features provided by Pro Tools.
Plug-in Window
The illustration below shows the standard Pro Tools plug-in window.
Figure 25.1: Pro Tools Plug-in Window
If you have inserted your plug-in(s) as we suggested above you can click on the channel name pop-up in the
upper left hand corner of the window (labeled “Audio 1” above) to switch from channel to channel.
The next pop-up in the window (labeled “b” above) allows you to switch to another insert on the same channel.
You would use this to switch to another plug-in on the same channel.
The bypass button allows you to bypass the effects of the plug-in.
The Pro Tools editor/librarian button (the small, downward pointing triangle) provides access to a pop-up menu
that allow you to manage presets and libraries of settings for the plug-in. Use this menu to save libraries or
open groups of libraries. See your Pro Tools documentation for more information.
The preset library pop-up menu (labeled “factory default” above) shows the active preset name (in italics if the
current settings do not match the library). Click this pop-up to select from the available presets.
The “Compare” button indicates when the controls have changed for the current preset settings. Click this
button to toggle between your current settings and the preset settings.
Figure 25.2: Compare Button
Clicking the “Automation” button causes Pro Tools to display the plug-in automation configuration dialog box:
113
Pro Tools (Mac/Win)
Figure 25.3: Automation Window, Showing Character's Parameters
This dialog box allows you to enable any or all of the processing parameters for automation. When a parameter
is enabled for automation you will be able to record and play-back automated parameter changes directly
from your Pro Tools session. If the channel that the plug-in is inserted on has automation enabled Character
will highlight the controls associated with the automated parameters:
•
•
•
•
Off: No color
Read: Green
Touch, Latch, Write: Red
Controlled via control surface: Blue
Key Commands
The following key commands are used to when clicking on controls:
Command
Display Automation Dialog
Show Automation Breakpoint
Set Parameter to Default Value
Table 25.1. Pro Tools Key Commands
Mac Key Sequence
Windows Key Sequence
⌥⌘ (Option + Command)–click
Alt + Control–click
⌥ (Option)–click or double–click
Alt-click or double-click
⌃⌘ (Control + Command)–click
114
Control + Windows–click
26. AU Hosts (Mac)
The Production Bundle is compatible with any Core Audio compatible host. Support for features like sidechains
differ between hosts; please check your host's documentation for more info. As an example, we'll look at using
the Production Bundle in Logic.
Logic
Logic provides a standard interface for controlling various aspects of AU plug-ins. While you should refer to
your Logic documentation for a complete description, we will summarize the most important points here.
If you wish to use a plug-in on multiple channels in your mix, you should click and drag the selection marquee
over the desired channels in the Mixer, and insert the plug-in on any one of them; this will insert the plugin at the same insert point on every channel.
Plug-in Window
The illustration below shows the standard Logic plug-in window.
Figure 26.1: Logic's Plug-in Window
If you have inserted the plug-in as we suggested above you can click on the “Show Channel Strip” pop-up to
switch between instances of the plug-in on different channels.
The “Show Insert” pop-up allows you to switch to another insert on the same channel. You would use this to
switch to another plug-in on the same channel.
When the Link button (the button with the chain icon) is on, a single plug-in window is used to display all
plug-ins. Turn this off if you would like to have multiple plug-in windows open at once.
The View button is used to toggle between the generic AU user interface for the plug-in and the standard view
provided by Metric Halo.
The Bypass button allows you to bypass the effects of the plug-in. The effects of all the processing sections
within the plug-in are removed from the audio chain when the plug-in is bypassed.
The Compare button allows you to toggle between the current settings and the settings as they were before the
last paramenter change. By using the Compare button you may “A/B” changes in settings.
The left/right arrows move backward and forward between presets.
The Logic preset menu (the pop-up menu with the small downward pointing triangle next to the left/right
arrows) allows you to manage presets and libraries of settings for the plug-ins. Use this menu to save libraries
or open groups of libraries. See your Logic documentation for more information.
The Copy and Paste buttons allow you to copy settings from one instance of a plug-in and paste them into the
same plug-in on other channels without creating a preset.
The sidechain input pop-up menu allows you to select from any mono input or bus in your system and feed it
to the internal sidechain bus within plug-ins that have sidechain support. You then use the sidechain routing
buttons within the plug-in UI to assign the sidechain bus to the dynamics detectors. This menu is only present
when a sidechain-enabled plug-in is viewed.
115
Part X. Appendices
Table of Contents
A. Key Commands ........................................................................................................................ 118
B. Service and Support .................................................................................................................. 119
C. Changelog ............................................................................................................................... 120
117
A. Key Commands
There are several key commands used as modifiers combined with mouse actions:
Command
Table A.1. Tooltip Control
Mac Key Sequence
Windows Key Sequence
Show tooltips
Hold ? down
Hold ? down
Command
Table A.2. Control Knob Modifiers
Mac Key Sequence
Windows Key Sequence
Fine control
⌘ (Command)-click and drag
Reset to default value
Command
⌥ (Option)-click or double-click
Control-click and drag
Alt-click or double-click
Table A.3. Numeric Field Modifiers
Mac Key Sequence
Windows Key Sequence
Confirm & dismiss numeric pop-up return, enter
return, enter
Confirm & move to previous entry ⇧-tab (Shift + tab)
⇧-tab (Shift + tab)
Confirm & move to next entry
tab
Dismiss numeric pop-up & cancel ⌘. (Command + .), ESC
change
tab
Control. (Control + .), ESC
Command
Table A.4. Meters
Mac Key Sequence
Windows Key Sequence
Reset Clip
⌥ (Option)–click the meter
Alt-click the meter
Command
Table A.5. EQ Transfer Functions
Mac Key Sequence
Windows Key Sequence
Toggle band enable
⌘ (Command)–click or double-click frequency dot
Adjust bandwidth (click then drag) ⌥ (Option)–click frequency dot
Change filter type
⌘⌥ (Command + Option)–click
frequency dot
Access EQ TF settings
⌃ (Control) or right-click graph
Command
Display Automation Dialog
Show Automation Breakpoint
Set Parameter to Default Value
Control-click or double-click frequency dot
Alt-click frequency dot
Control+Alt-click frequency dot
Right-click graph
Table A.6. Pro Tools Key Commands
Mac Key Sequence
Windows Key Sequence
⌥⌘ (Option + Command)–click
Alt + Control–click
⌥ (Option)–click or double–click
Alt-click or double-click
⌃⌘ (Control + Command)–click
118
Control + Windows–click
B. Service and Support
Metric Halo takes great pride in the reputation for customer service and support that we have built. If you have
any problems, questions, or suggestions please get in touch with us at:
• http://mhsecure.com/support
• support@mhsecure.com
• (727) 725-9555
Please keep us informed about your successes and projects. We love to hear from you!
119
C. Changelog
Please note that this changelog incorporates changes for all plug-ins across all supported formats.
1.0.5:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Fix alignment issue with some UI elements in ChannelStrip
[AU] Fix issue in some hosts where parameter updates may be lost
Fix for potential crash on deinstantiation in Multiband Plugins
[AU] Fix for crash in some hosts (specifically FCPX) due to initialization on a thread
[AU] Fix meter reset for MultibandCompressor
[AU] Fix meter reset for MultibandExpander
[AU] Fix potential crash in HaloVerb
[AU] Fix meter reset for Character
Fix meter allocation for MultibandExpander
Fix analysis buffer allocation for MultibandExpander
Fix analysis buffer allocation for MultibandCompressor
Fix analysis buffer allocation for De-Esser
[AAX] Add support for PT11 and 64-bit build
[AAX-Win] Implement full optimization for host code (decreases CPU usage)
[AAX-Win] Implement 64-bit Installers
Sign Binaries for PT 10.3.x / PT 11
Fix auto-suffixing of parameter readouts to deal with negative numbers
[TransientControl] Fix (extend) range of the sustain parameter
Fix locking for threaded plotter of crossover functions to avoid potential race condition and crash
[Mac] Fix problem with signing 32-bit binaries (led to corrupted PT 10.3.x plugins)
Fix Gain Reduction meters for PT reported meters (so that PT11 and control surfaces render them properly)
1.0.4:
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Fixed potential problem with licensing code when plugin scanner opens and closes plugin very quickly
Moved drawing of HaloVerb impulse response onto background thread for responsiveness
Moved drawing of Multiband dynamic EQ response onto background thread for responsiveness
Added caching for background image of plugin window to reduce CPU used for drawing static image
Fixed incorrect interpretation of wet/dry parameter when computing HaloVerb impulse response display
Optimized computing HaloVerb impulse response display
Optimized redraw of EQ response curve
Fixed problem with incorrectly showing that preset was changed (when it wasn't) via Compare button
Deferred redraw of UI until host sends parameter changed message -- fixes PT UI pauses when changing
certain parameters
• Fixed problem with parameter notification that caused recording of automation for ChannelStrip to not
function
• Added work-around to fix problems with multi-parameter touch automation recording in Logic (worksaround Logic bug)
1.0.3:
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Changelog
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Soft Interpolation of band Bypass in ChannelStrip EQ
Fix slight transparency on some controls
Fixed problem with tool-tip tracking
Fixed problem with phantom mouse clicks after dragging beyond UI boundary
Fixed problem with silent output from CS2/CS3 on some hosts with disconnected sidechain input
Fixed problem with compressor gain state on instantiation
ChannelStrip: removed recall of Bypass from preset state (to match standard PT behavior)
Add support for Mac OS 10.5
Add support to cancel text entry with ⌘. (Command + .) [Control. (Control + .) on Win]
Fixed interpolation to support bit-clean bypass
Fixed noise problem with LF high-pass filters
Fix problem with tooltips appearing even if window is covered by another window or is hidden
Added a preference to control auto-enable of bands to the Transfer Function popup menu in ChannelStrip 3
Fixed interpolation in ChannelStrip:
• Stereo EQ bands
• Compressor/Limiter threshold
• Stereo Gate
Fixed interpolation in Multiband Dynamics:
• Compressor/Limiter threshold
Knee control in ChannelStrip 3 is hidden when not in "MIO" character mode
Added version number reporting and update notification
Initial release for Windows AAX
Initial release for Macintosh AU
Initial release of ChannelStrip 3 for GarageBand
1.0.2:
• Fixed issue with grunge when DSP is filled with MH Precision De-esser
• Further optimized CS3, Precision De-esser, and MH MultibandDynamics, leading to an increase in
instance counts
• Fixed bit-cleanliness on bypassed CS3 blocks -- so now CS3 with phase invert nulls with unprocessed
audio
1.0.1:
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Substantial optimization of the processing code, especially for HDX
Accurate Cycle Counts for HDX
Enhanced control surface page table layouts
Fix for some corner case bugs that apparently can cause a DSP crash on heavily loaded systems
Additional interpolation of various parameters in the plugins to provide glitch free parameter changes
Fixed a conflict between CoreGraphics and DAE that can lead to DAE errors (DSP + Native), CPU
Spiking or CPU overloads (Native)
Fixed a filter stability issue for high session sample rates
Fixed an issue where the average trace in the analyzer view can get stuck
Reduce the size on disk and in memory of the plugins
Fixed some missing control surface metering support and clip detection
Fixed some small graphic anomalies
Fix for detector for classic compressor in CS3 when Side-Chain filter is enabled
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Changelog
• Signed installer for Mountain Lion compatibility
1.0: Initial release for Macintosh AAX
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