User Manual K1297-G20 Protocol Tester C73000-B6076

User Manual
K1297-G20
Protocol Tester
C73000-B6076-C83-20
This document supports software version V6.20 and above
and the device types 7KK1200-B (K1297) and
7KK1200-P (K1297 Compact)
Revised: December 2006
Copyright Tektronix, Inc. All rights reserved. Licensed software products are
owned by Tektronix or its suppliers and are protected by United States copyright
laws and international treaty provisions.
Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject to restrictions as set
forth in subparagraph (c)(1)(ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer
Software clause at DFARS 252.227-7013, or subparagraphs (c)(1) and (2) of the
Commercial Computer Software – Restricted Rights clause at FAR 52.227-19, as
applicable.
Tektronix products are covered by U.S. and foreign patents, issued and pending.
Information in this publication supercedes that in all previously published material.
Specifications and price change privileges reserved.
TEKTRONIX and TEK are registered trademarks of Tektronix, Inc.
Contacting Tektronix
Tektronix, Inc.
14200 SW Karl Braun Drive or P.O. Box 500
Beaverton, OR 97077 USA
For product information, sales, service, and technical support:
H
H
In North America, call 1-800-833-9200.
Worldwide, visit www.tektronix.com to find contacts in your area.
Adober Acrobatr Reader Version 5.0: Copyright Adobe Systems Incorporated
1987 - 2001
Microsoftr Windows XP Embeddedr: Copyright Microsoft Corporation
1985 - 2001
Routines to compress and uncompress tcp packets (for transmission over low speed
serial lines): Copyright 1989 Regents of the University of California. All rights
reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms are permitted provided that the
above copyright notice and this paragraph are duplicated in all such forms and that
any documentation, advertising materials, and other materials related to such
distribution and use acknowledge that the software was developed by the University
of California, Berkeley. The name of the University may not be used to endorse or
promote products derived from this software without specific prior written
permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ‘‘AS IS’’ AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
VxWorksr Version 5.1: Copyright Wind River Systems, Inc. 1984 - 1993
3rd Party Copyright: Some of the software packages, like 4MA (Test Management
System) and the packages related to TTCN and conformance testing, use Python, the
MS–Windows extensions for Python, and Tcl/Tk. For license information, see:
c:/Program Files/Python/Pythonwin/license.txt,
c:/Program Files/Python/win32/license.txt, and
c:/Program Files/Tcl/license.txt in.
Network Time Protocol Software: Copyright David L. Mills 1992-2003.
Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its documentation
for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright
notice appears in all copies and that both the copyright notice and this permission
notice appear in supporting documentation, and that the name University of
Delaware not be used in advertising or publicity pertaining to distribution of the
software without specific, written prior permission. The University of Delaware
makes no representations about the suitability this software for any purpose. It is
provided ”as is” without express or implied warranty.
WARRANTY
Tektronix warrants that this product will be free from defects in materials and workmanship for a
period of one (1) year from the date of shipment. If any such product proves defective during this
warranty period, Tektronix, at its option, either will repair the defective product without charge
for parts and labor, or will provide a replacement in exchange for the defective product.
In order to obtain service under this warranty, Customer must notify Tektronix of the defect
before the expiration of the warranty period and make suitable arrangements for the performance
of service. Customer shall be responsible for packaging and shipping the defective product to the
service center designated by Tektronix, with shipping charges prepaid. Tektronix shall pay for the
return of the product to Customer if the shipment is to a location within the country in which the
Tektronix service center is located. Customer shall be responsible for paying all shipping charges,
duties, taxes, and any other charges for products returned to any other locations.
This warranty shall not apply to any defect, failure or damage caused by improper use or
improper or inadequate maintenance and care. Tektronix shall not be obligated to furnish service
under this warranty a) to repair damage resulting from attempts by personnel other than Tektronix
representatives to install, repair or service the product; b) to repair damage resulting from
improper use or connection to incompatible equipment; c) to repair any damage or malfunction
caused by the use of non–Tektronix supplies; or d) to service a product that has been modified or
integrated with other products when the effect of such modification or integration increases the
time or difficulty of servicing the product.
THIS WARRANTY IS GIVEN BY TEKTRONIX WITH RESPECT TO THE LISTED
PRODUCTS IN LIEU OF ANY OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.
TEKTRONIX AND ITS VENDORS DISCLAIM ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. TEKTRONIX’
RESPONSIBILITY TO REPAIR OR REPLACE DEFECTIVE PRODUCTS IS THE
SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY PROVIDED TO THE CUSTOMER FOR BREACH
OF THIS WARRANTY. TEKTRONIX AND ITS VENDORS WILL NOT BE LIABLE
FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
IRRESPECTIVE OF WHETHER TEKTRONIX OR THE VENDOR HAS ADVANCE
NOTICE OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
Contents
General Safety Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
iii
Service Safety Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
vii
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Device Concept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
K1297-G20 Software Concept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fields of Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
2
3
6
6
7
Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Device Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exchanging Measuring Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the Data Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switching on the Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PC Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting Peripherals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switching Off and Transporting the Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
12
24
35
36
43
54
55
68
K1297-G20 Workflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuration and Protocol Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Emulation and Simulation Composing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitoring and Evaluating the Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
71
72
75
79
Emulation Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preliminary Steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating the Emulation Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting the Emulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitoring the Emulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
81
81
82
86
88
Operating Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measurements on the BAI S0 Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measurements on the BAI U2B1Q Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measurements on the E1/DS1 Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measurements on ATM Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
91
92
97
100
103
Appendix A: Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-1
A-2
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
i
Contents
AP-4 and AP-4/256 Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BAI Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
E1/DS1 Emulation Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
E1/DS1 Monitoring Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ethernet Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GbETH Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ATM Boards: PCE I Board Combinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defining CPU Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-18
A-24
A-36
A-42
A-46
A-51
A-57
A-95
Appendix B: Keyboards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
For versions with separate keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
For versions with integrated keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B-1
B-1
B-1
Appendix C: Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1
System Unit: K1297 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1
System Unit: K1297 Compact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-4
Measurement Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-7
Certifications and Compliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-13
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation
(SmEth Adapter) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-1
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-2
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-3
Checking the Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-10
Configuring the SmEth Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-11
Assigning IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-13
Appendix E: Windows XPe Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preventive Measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Repair Measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
E-1
E-1
E-6
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing PCE I Board Combinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CPU Numbers with PCE-1 Board Combinations . . . . . . . . . . .
F-1
F-3
F-14
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
G-1
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Index-1
ii
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
General Safety Summary
Review the following safety precautions to avoid injury and prevent
damage to this product or any products connected to it. To avoid potential
hazards, use this product only as specified.
Only qualified service personnel should perform service procedures.
While using this product, you may need to access other parts of the
system. Read the General Safety Summary in other system manuals for
warnings and cautions related to operating the system.
To Avoid Fire or Personal Injury
Use Proper Power Cord. Use only the power cord specified for this product
and certified for the country of use.
Connect and Disconnect Properly. Do not connect or disconnect probes or test
leads while they are connected to a voltage source.
Ground the Product. This product is grounded through the grounding
conductor of the power cord. To avoid electric shock, the grounding
conductor must be connected to earth ground. Before making connections
to the input or output terminals of the product, ensure that the product is
properly grounded.
Observe All Terminal Ratings. To avoid fire or shock hazard, observe all
ratings and markings on the product. Consult the Appendix C for further
ratings information before making connections to the product.
Do not apply a potential to any terminal, including the common terminal,
that exceeds the maximum rating of that terminal.
With some interfaces only voltages corresponding to the default of the
relevant connector are applied at the measuring sockets. However, high
voltages from the line may occur at some of the measuring sockets. These
measuring sockets are protected against accidental contact and are
specially labelled.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
iii
General Safety Summary
Use Proper AC Adapter. Use only the AC adapter specified for this product.
Do Not Operate Without Covers. Do not operate this product with covers or
panels removed.
Do Not Look into the End of a Fibreglass Cable. Never look into the end of a
fibreglass cable or a single fibre which could be connected to a laser
source. Laser radiation can damage your eyes because it is invisible and
your pupils do not contract instinctively as with normal bright light. If you
think your eyes have been exposed to laser radiation, you should have your
eyes checked immediately by an eye doctor. The optical output’s radiation
power in our system corresponds to the laser class 1 in accordance with
EN60825–1, IEC 825-1, and U.S. CDRH regulations.
Use Proper Fuse. Use only the fuse type and rating specified for this
product.
Avoid Exposed Circuitry. Do not touch exposed connections and components
when power is present.
Do Not Operate With Suspected Failures. If you suspect there is damage to this
product, have it inspected by qualified service personnel.
Do Not Operate in Wet/Damp Conditions.
Do Not Operate in an Explosive Atmosphere.
Keep Product Surfaces Clean and Dry.
Provide Proper Ventilation. Refer to the manual’s installation instructions for
details on installing the product so it has proper ventilation.
Certifications and Compliances
Consult the product specifications in the Appendix C for certifications and
compliances.
iv
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
General Safety Summary
Safety Terms and Symbols
Terms in This Manual. These terms may appear in this manual:
WARNING. Warning statements identify conditions or practices that could
result in injury or loss of life.
CAUTION. Caution statements identify conditions or practices that could
result in damage to this product or other property.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
v
General Safety Summary
Terms on the Product. These terms may appear on the product:
DANGER indicates an injury hazard immediately accessible as you read
the marking.
WARNING indicates an injury hazard not immediately accessible as you
read the marking.
CAUTION indicates a hazard to property including the product.
Symbols on the Product. These symbols may appear on the product:
Laser Klasse 1
vi
WARNING
High Voltage
WARNING
Laser Radiation
Laser Class 1
CAUTION
Refer to Manual
Protective Ground
(Earth) Terminal
Observe precautions for handling
electrostatic discharge sensitive
devices
WARNING
End of a Fibreclass Cable
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Service Safety Summary
Only qualified service personnel should perform service procedures. Read
this Service Safety Summary and the General Safety Summary before
performing any service procedures.
Do Not Service Alone. Do not perform internal service or adjustments of
this product unless another person capable of rendering first aid and
resuscitation is present.
Disconnect Power. To avoid electric shock, switch off the instrument
power, then disconnect the power cord from the mains power.
Use Care When Servicing With Power On. Dangerous voltages or currents
may exist in this product. Disconnect power, remove battery (if applicable), and disconnect test leads before removing protective panels,
soldering, or replacing components.
To avoid electric shock, do not touch exposed connections.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
vii
Service Safety Summary
viii
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Preface
The K1297 is a powerful multi-protocol and multi-interface tester for
narrowband and broadband networks.
The K1297 can be deployed for analyzing signaling protocols of layers 2
to 7 of the ISO/OSI layer model. It supports a large and steadily increasing
number of protocols for all important wide area communication network
types such as Core, Access and Mobile Radio networks.
With the K1297 you can perform emulations and simulations - the K1297
permits both subscriber and network simulation. It can be used as a
monitor and as a conformance tester for acceptance, validation and
compatibility tests.
The K1297 is designed with the following in mind:
H Flexible in numerous measurement situations. Due to its modular hardware
and software design the K1297 realizes various configurations and
combinations and is extendable for almost any future applications.
H Convenient to operate. The K1297 Protocol Tester is operated via a
graphical user interface under Microsoft Windows XP and works
locally as well as remotely controlled.
H Easy to transport. The K1297 is light weight and can be transported
without any trouble. A transport case is available to protect the
instrument.
K1297 and K1297 Compact. The K1297 is available in two variants. The
K1297 Protocol Tester (device type 7KK1200-B) has a 7 slot housing that
can be equipped with up to 6 parallel interface boards, the K1297 Compact
Protocol Tester (device type 7KK1200-P) has a 4 slot housing that can be
equipped with 3 parallel interface boards.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
1
Preface
Device Concept
The modular concept of the K1297 is based on compact and upgradable
hardware with powerful processors and communication controllers. User
and measuring processes are assigned to several processors.
The standard user interface and periphery management are based on a
PC-board with connection to the VME bus system of the measuring
modules.
Currently available are the following interface measurement boards and
modules:
H E1/DS1
H ISDN BAI S0 and BAI U2B1Q
H Ethernet
H ATM boards for physical interfaces: E1/DS1/J1 and STM-1 optical
NOTE. Since software version 3.0 ATM Power-AAL boards are not
supported anymore.
NOTE. We also offer a wide range of cables and adapters as accessories,
which you can order. Take a look in the WWW under Tektronix.com at our
Cable and Accessory Guide or contact your local sales partner.
2
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Preface
K1297-G20 Software Concept
The modular and flexible hardware concept of the K1297 is complemented
by the K1297-G20 software. To give you an overview, the concepts and
tools of the K1297-G20 software are briefly described in the following:
Usability
Usability is a conceptional approach to the K1297-G20 software design
which covers various aspects. For one, the K1297-G20 runs on Windows
XP. This means its graphical user interface is modeled according to
Windows standards, but also that services such as system control, network
access, etc. can be carried out via Windows.
Then, K1297-G20 software offers a uniform set of configuration tools. You
can adapt every tool to suit your special test tasks. The settings you change
during this process can be stored and loaded again – for every individual
tool, for a number of tools, or as an overall configuration.
Furthermore pre-defined test solutions - which can be deployed in a
modular and complementary manner - are offered as a basis for the
emulation of whole network elements. Modules for the automatic
generation of calls are available for various protocol emulations.
Expansion Capability
The K1297-G20 software has a modular design. This means that it will be
easy for you to create your optimal test environment. On the hardware
side, you can combine any boards you like. And on the software side, you
can combine and activate the hardware configurations in a measurement
scenario.
With the protocol stack editor you can relate individual protocols to each
other. A complete new generation of protocol stacks as well as a
modification of pre-defined stacks are possible. An adaptation of the
software by the manufacturer is not necessary.
The testing of a protocol always takes place in a specific protocol layer
within a protocol stack. As a prerequisite, all protocol layers situated
underneath this layer must be emulated correctly. With the emulation
scenario editor, you can relate the protocol emulations to the individual
protocol descriptions.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
3
Preface
Programmability
The programming concept of the K1297-G20 software is made up of two
main components and offers solution-oriented options for the beginner and
the expert:
1. With the Message Building System, you can determine which messages
are to be used in simulations or emulations. To control the relevant
emulation, protocol data units of a specific protocol layer or abstract
service primitives can be generated.
In addition to fully defined messages for sending, you can also define
comparison messages for the checking of received messages. The
definitions generated in the message building system are stored in a
message pool. Owing to the exchange of message pools, you can use
the same scripts for different protocol configurations. Sample message
pools are provided which you can adapt to suit your purposes.
2. A variety of protocol-independent programming tools are available for
the generation of test cases, simulations and emulations; the definitions
stored in the message pool are always used for the sending and
receiving of messages.
Message Sequence Chart: The Message Sequence Chart (MSC) is used to
represent the flow of messages with the help of graphical elements. A
single step is sufficient for the documentation and an executable test
case description. The MSC is especially suitable for simple and
average-complexity finite message sequences.
FORTH: With the script language FORTH you can program access to all
relevant elements of the emulation environment. The advantage of this
is that you can obtain interactive and direct access to the emulation
environment. With FORTH, you can define not only simple but also
complex message sequences.
C Programming Interface (C-API): With the C programming interface you
can program access to all relevant elements of the emulation
environment. The advantage here is the high execution speed of the
converted code. With the C programming interface you can define not
only simple but also very complex message sequences.
4
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Preface
NOTE. The new FORTH environment is not compatible with the formerly
used FORTH in the K1297-Classic software. However, the classic FORTH
applications can also be run with the K1297-G20 software without
modification.
Task Distribution
Another essential concept of the K1297-G20 software is the modularization of steps for the generation of test cases. With this, a step-by-step
abstraction from the details of a test environment is achieved and as a
consequence your results can be reused to a very large extent.
For the generation of messages in MBS, for instance, protocol-related
expert knowledge is necessary. With the test case implementation, you can
largely neglect the details in the messages and concentrate on the flow of
the predefined messages. This step therefore requires a less thorough
knowledge of protocols.
Similar conditions apply for the definition of the test configurations.
Expert knowledge is only required for the generation of the MSC
templates in which all configuration-specific parameters (protocol and
emulation stacks) are defined. When the test cases are defined this
knowledge automatically supports you as the choice of available messages
(ASPs), for example, is reduced accordingly.
Interworking
With the K1297-G20 software, you can simultaneously simulate on
different physical interfaces within the framework of a test scenario and
using different protocol structures. This interworking concept, i.e. test
configurations with any given combination of physical interfaces and
available protocols is becoming more and more important as network
integration progresses.
NOTE. Since software version 3.0 K1297-Classic applications are not
supported anymore.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
5
Preface
Fields of Application
The K1297 has been designed for various purposes:
H To detect interferences in individual network segments
H To support the integration of different network elements
H To develop integration tests and to test new software versions
As a programmable unit the K1297 is designed for development purposes
and use in test laboratories. Due to its portability, it can also be used for
measurement tasks in the field.
The K1297 is employed by manufacturers of communication systems and
components, private and public network operators and test laboratories.
Prerequisites
You should have the following qualifications to work with the K1297:
H Knowledge of PC and Windows XP
H Knowledge of the measurement application field as well as experience
with communications test applications
H Familiarity with the safety requirements for electrical equipment for
measurement, control and laboratory use
H Completion of a K1297 training course
NOTE. The participation in a K1297 training course is recommended.
Information on training courses is available from your local sales partner
or via the support unit.
6
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Preface
Assistance
To help you use the K1297, the following documentation is provided:
H The User Manual assists you when starting the Protocol Tester. The
User Manual is also available as a PDF online manual.
H A context sensitive online help system is the K1297-G20 software
reference documentation. To open the Help window, press <F1> from
within a K1297-G20 application window.
NOTE. The scope of the provided documentation does not necessarily
mirror your order but might go beyond to give you a overview of what is
available.
H The release notes are delivered separately and contain the latest
information on the current software version (readme.txt).
H Windows XP online help: To open the Windows XP online help, click
in the taskbar on Start: Help and Support.
NOTE. The Windows XP installation is an OEM version. Therefore the
Microsoft Support cannot be used. The K1297 Protocol Tester is supported
by Tektronix only.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
7
Preface
About the User Manual
The User Manual gives you an overview on how to work with the K1297:
H The most important part of the introductory chapter is the safety
instructions.
H Technologies gives you an overview of the most important applications
of the K1297.
H Getting Started tells you how to make the K1297 ready for start-up, for
example how to set up the device and how to establish the measuring
connection, how to exchange modules, how to configure and start
applications.
H K1297-G20 Workflow describes the general way of how to work with
the K1297-G20 applications.
H Operating Modes shows how the K1297 performs when monitoring,
simulating or emulating on the different interfaces.
H In the Appendices you will find an explanation of the interfaces, the
keyboard description, the technical data and a Windows XP troubleshooting section.
8
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Preface
The following text styles and markings have specific meaning in this
manual:
Text style
Description
Courier
The Courier font indicates menus and menu functions as
well as commands, parameters and examples.
<Key>
Keys or key sequences are in angle brackets.
K1297 and K1297 Compact. The differences between K1297 Protocol Tester
and K1297 Compact Protocol Tester are marked specially.
Training Information
Contact your local sales office or our service support staff for information
on training for the communications test technology with the K1297.
Third-Party Products
To offer you complete solutions, it is sometimes necessary to buy products
- such as modems and remote operation software - from third-party
suppliers, and sell them together with our products.
So, if you are using our products in a standard configuration that has not
been tested by Tektronix, we request that please contact directly the
supplier of the third-party product for support.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
9
Preface
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Getting Started
This chapter tells you how to prepare the Protocol Tester for start-up, this
means how to set up the device, how to exchange the measuring modules,
how to connect the data line, and how to switch on the device.
CAUTION. The safety instructions must be strictly adhered to prior to
installing and switching on the K1297.
The most important safety instructions have been compiled at the
beginning of the manual for your convenience.
Services such as system control, file operations, device configuration,
network access, installation and start of applications can be carried out via
Windows XPe.
Information on switching off the device and how to prepare the K1297 for
transport is included at the end of this chapter.
NOTE. The device has been delivered according to your requirements.
Please examine the merchandise for visible transport damage and for
completeness using the pick slip.
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Getting Started
Device Description
The Protocol Tester consists of a basic device and the individual
measuring modules (interface boards) which are for fitting the basic device
according to your individual application purposes.
The basic device is equipped with a Pentium PC board, a hard disk of 2
GB and VME bus.
H With K1297 six slots are available for the measuring modules.
H With K1297 Compact four slots are available for the measuring
modules.
The K1297 basic device also features a TFT display (XGA), a 3.5’’ floppy
disk drive and a removable keyboard with integrated trackball.
CAUTION. To avoid equipment damage, do not insert foreign objects into
the disk drives.
Insert the 3.5’’ disks into the floppy drive with the label field forward.
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Getting Started
K1297: Setting-up the Device
Proceed as follows when setting up the device:
1. Pull the dark-gray release handle above the logo forward and fold the
keyboard down.
2. Remove the gray cable box from the monitor frame by pulling it away
from the device until you hear a loud click: Place both hands at the
sides of the cable box and pull the cable box away from the monitor
frame. Or place one hand between cable box and monitor frame and
press the cable box away from the monitor frame.
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Getting Started
3. Take the cable out of the cable box and fold the cable box underneath
the keyboard. The keyboard is now positioned in a working angle in
front of you.
4. Pull on the lower monitor frame to position the monitor in a working
angle.
The mains cable must be supplied to the non-heating appliance socket on
the rear of the K1297. The mains plug must be plugged into a socket with
protective ground.
External PE GND. On back of the device, next to power cord connector,
power switch, and fuses you will find an external PE GND screw. You can
use this screw terminal to connect a separate protective earth to the K1297.
To do so, use at least an AWG18 cable. Connect the protective earth cable
between the screw head and flat washer of the PE GND. Make also a good
connection at the point where you connect the other end of the cable.
NOTE. The K1297 is intended to be electrically grounded. The delivered
power cord is equipped with a three-wire grounding plug that has a third
grounding pin. Connect this plug to a grounded AC socket.
If you are not sure that your AC socket has a protective ground, you can
connect a protective earth separately to the K1297 at the rear PE GND
screw terminal.
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Getting Started
Changing the Fuses for K1297. Spare fuses can you find in the delivered
accessories box. If the fuses need to be changed, proceed as follows:
1. Switch off the device.
2. Disconnect the power cord.
3. The black fuse tray is placed on the right hand side of the mains
switch, on the rear of the device.
Use an appropriate tool, such as a flat screw-driver, insert it into the
slot above the on/off switch. Open the tray, pull the red strip and
exchange the broken fuse.
Make sure to always use two fuses of the proper fuse type and rating.
4. Close the fuse tray.
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Getting Started
K1297 Compact: Setting-up the Device
Proceed as follows when setting up the device:
1. Press in both of the lateral handle hinges (handle variant: push up
hinges), fold down the handle and set the device in the desired
position.
2. Pull the dark grey handle above the logo and lift the keyboard from the
device.
The handle can now be used as keyboard rest.
The mains connector and the ON/OFF switch are both located on the right
side of the device. The fuses are located underneath the switch cover.
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Getting Started
3. Fold the device cover (top) towards the rear until it locks at the back.
The PC board is located in slot 1. The floppy disk drive is also located
underneath the device cover on the left side. For further information on the
individual interfaces, please refer to Appendix A: Interfaces.
4. Push the front cover upwards and fold the cover towards you.
Furthermore, the LEDs for power supply
are located beneath the display.
(top) and hard disk access
NOTE. You will find information on pin assignment of the individual
sockets also in Appendix A.
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Getting Started
Changing the Fuses for K1297 Compact. Spare fuses can you find in the
delivered accessories box. If the fuses need to be changed, proceed as
follows:
1. Switch off the device.
2. Disconnect the power cord.
3. The black fuse tray is placed on the right hand side of the mains switch
on the right sight of the device.
Use an appropriate tool, such as a flat screw-driver, insert it into the
slot above the on/off switch. Open the tray, pull the red strip and
exchange the broken fuse.
Make sure to always use two fuses of the proper fuse type and rating.
4. Close the fuse tray.
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Getting Started
Connecting an External Monitor
The PC board of the K1297 provides a Video Graphics Array (VGA) port
for connecting an external monitor. You can operate an external monitor in
the following use cases:
H Displaying the same information on both monitors
H Expanding the display across both monitors
H Operating only the external monitor
Displaying the Same Information on Both Monitors. To display the same
information on both monitors, proceed as follows:
1. Connect the external monitor to the VGA port of the PC board.
2. Switch on both devices: the K1297 and the external monitor.
3. On the K1297 Desktop, open the context menu by clicking the right
mouse button and click Properties. The Display Properties dialog box
opens.
4. Open the CHIPS tab in the Display Properties dialog box.
5. Select Single Display Mode from the list in the upper part of this dialog
box and BOTH in the Display Device check box.
6. Confirm your settings with OK.
7. To exit this operating mode, open the Display Properties dialog box /
CHIPS tab as described in step 3 and 4.
Select Single Display Mode from the list in the upper part of this dialog
box and LCD in Display Device check box.
Confirm your selection by OK.
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Getting Started
Expanding the Display Across Both Monitors – Dual Display Mode. In this mode,
the display is divided horizontally or vertically into two parts. One part is
displayed on the build-in display, the other one on the external monitor. To
set up your computer for dual–display mode, perform the following steps:
1. Connect the external monitor to the VGA port of the PC board.
2. Switch on both devices: the K1297 and the external monitor.
3. On the K1297 Desktop, open the context menu by clicking the right
mouse button and click Properties. The Display Properties dialog box
opens.
4. Open the CHIPS tab in the Display Properties dialog box.
5. Select Dual Display Mode from the list in the upper part of this dialog
box.
6. In the lower part of the dialog box you can now configure further
settings such as vertical or horizontal monitor position.
Here, you can also select whether the external monitor (CRT) or the
K1297 (LCD) should be in left / top or right / bottom position.
7. Start the dual display mode by pressing the Apply button.
Both monitors show full-sized images only when the display resolution
is set correctly.
8. To set the display resolution, open the Display Properties dialog once
again (see step 3) and open the Settings tab.
9. Change the resolution according to the monitor position: set the
Desktop area to 1024x1536 pixels for vertical aligned monitors and
2048x768 pixels for horizontal aligned monitors.
10. To exit the dual display mode, open the Display Properties dialog box
as described in step 3, open the CHIPS tab, and select Single Display
Mode from the list in the upper part of this dialog box. Confirm your
selection by OK.
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Getting Started
Operating only the External Monitor. Use this mode, if you want to work with
more screen area. Connect a larger monitor and increase the display
resolution. To operate only the external monitor, proceed as follows:
1. Connect the external monitor to the VGA port of the PC board.
2. Switch on both devices: the K1297 and the external monitor.
3. On the K1297 Desktop, open the context menu by clicking the right
mouse button and click Properties. The Display Properties dialog box
opens.
4. Open the CHIPS tab in the Display Properties dialog box.
5. Select Single Display Mode from the list in the upper part of this dialog
box and CRT in the Display Device check box.
6. Confirm your settings with OK.
The external monitor operates and the built-in LCD display turns gray.
7. To enlarge the screen area, increase the display resolution. Therefore,
open the Display Properties dialog once again (see step 3) and open the
Settings tab. Change the Desktop Area to 1600x1200 maximum.
8. To exit this operating mode, open the Display Properties dialog box /
CHIPS tab as described in step 3 and 4.
Select Single Display Mode from the list in the upper part of this dialog
box and LCD in Display Device check box.
Confirm your selection by OK.
NOTE. Before disconnecting the external monitor, always remember to
switch back to the LCD mode. Otherwise the K1297 display remains gray.
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Getting Started
CD-RW Drive
The external CD-RW drive (Plexwriter) from Plextor can be used to write
CDs and as a CD-ROM drive. The CD-RW drive is delivered with the
original Plextor manual. Read this manual carefully. Pay particular
attention to the safety instructions.
For using the CD-RW drive with K1297 Protocol Testers, you should
adhere to the following instructions as well:
H The SCSI-Bus-ID of the CD-RW drive should be set to a value
between 2 and 6. We recommend to set the SCSI-Bus-ID to 3 before
connecting the device. Then, connect one of the two SCSI interfaces of
the CD-RW drive to the SCSI interface of your Protocol Tester using
the supplied cable.
H Do not install the software of the Plextor Software Utilities (Plex
Tools) CD on your Protocol Tester.
H If you like to write CDs with the CD-RW drive you need to install the
delivered Nero burning software. To install this software insert the
NERO Burning ROM (Plextor Version) from AHEAD. The CD starts
automatically and opens the Ahead Installer dialog box. Start the
installation process by clicking the Nero button. We recommend not to
install the following Nero components:
– NeroMediaPlayer
– InCD Packet-Writing
– UDF reader
NOTE. The delivered Nero software is not usable for Windows 3.11
operating systems. Users of Protocol Testers with Windows 3.11 who like
to write CDs are asked to upgrade their devices. Please contact the
Tektronix hotline.
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Getting Started
H Before writing a CD, carefully study the Nero online manual. We
recommend to close all K1297-G20 applications before writing. The
running applications or the writing process might be disturbed or
interrupted when running simultaneously. Use only high-quality CDs.
H Do not insert CDs with Autostart mechanism into the CD-RW drive
during the operation of K1297-G20 applications. Automatically started
software may disturb or interrupt your running applications.
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Getting Started
Exchanging Measuring Modules
The measurement unit comprises the application processor and different
modules for carrying out the individual measurements. The modules are
VME bus modules of double Eurocard size.
WARNING. The device must be switched off completely. All modules
contain electrostatically sensitive components. Observe the necessary
precautions and ESD safety instructions.
Make sure the VME bus address (CPU number) on the new module is set
correctly (see the following pages).
You can easily install and remove the measuring modules from the slots.
You can control the individual measuring modules and the interface
sockets via the K1297-G20 application.
CAUTION. Any installing of an ATM PCE I board combination - this also
includes mounting of a PCE I board or a PCE I board exchange - must be
performed by qualified Tektronix service personnel or service personnel
certified by Tektronix. For details, contact the Tektronix Service Support.
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Getting Started
Setting the VME Bus Address
1. To check the used CPU numbers, open the K1297-G20 Status Window
via the appropriate button in the toolbar.
Write down the CPU numbers displayed in square brackets in order to
identify which numbers are free for addressing.
If it should be necessary to change a CPU number of a board, only an
experienced service technician should perform this procedure.
CAUTION. Defining new CPU numbers must be performed at an ESD
approved workplace. Electrostatic discharge can permanently destroy
components that have to be temporarily removed from your device.
2. S0 - U2B1Q, V./X, and E1/DS1 boards: Adhere to the correct setting of
the VME bus address using the yellow hex switch when installing
measuring modules.
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Getting Started
The hex switch is yellow with the scale from 0 to F around it and it is
located in the center of the upper third of the modules. The hex switch can
be set to the desired value using an appropriate tool. To avoid conflicts
during initialization, the addresses must be unique.
CAUTION. The PC board is set to address 9 upon delivery and no manual
switching is necessary. The first AP board is set to address 0 upon delivery.
The AP-4 board is automatically addressed and no manual switching is
necessary. Never try to change the CPU numbers of the PC board and the
AP-4 board.
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Getting Started
K1297. Make sure that the CPU numbers are set as follows:
Table 1: Setting the VME bus address
Board
CPU number
Slot
PC board
9
1
AP-4 board 1
0
2
AP-4 board 2
2
3
Interface board 1
1
8
Interface board 2
2 (if not used by second AP board)
7
Interface board 3
3
6
Interface board 4
4
5
Extension
5
4
Extension
6
3
CAUTION. The Ethernet board and the ATM boards are addressed via
software.
The Ethernet board is set to address 7 upon delivery (with 8 implicitly).
See the description of the Ethernet board in Appendix A on how to adapt
the VME bus address setting via software for further Ethernet boards.
The PCE I host processor board has address setting 3 upon delivery. If you
work with a second set of ATM boards, see Appendix F on how to adapt
the VME bus address setting via software.
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Getting Started
K1297 Compact. Make sure that the CPU numbers in combination with the
narrowband interface boards are set as follows:
Table 2: Setting the VME bus address
Board
CPU number
Slot
PC board
9
1
AP-4 board 1
0
2
AP-4 board 2
2
3
Interface board 1
1
5
Interface board 2
2 (if not used by second AP board)
4
Interface board 3
3
3
CAUTION. The Ethernet board and the ATM boards are addressed via
software.
The Ethernet board is set to address 7 upon delivery (with 8 implicitly).
See the description of the Ethernet board in Appendix A on how to adapt
the VME bus address setting via software for further Ethernet boards.
The PCE I host processor board has address setting 3 upon delivery.
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Getting Started
Which Measurement Board into which Slot?
The measuring boards and the slots are marked with different colors. So
exchanging the measuring modules is made easy for you. The colors have
the following meaning:
H GREEN stands for all measuring boards for WAN interfaces such as
E1/DS1, BAIS0, BAIU2B1Q, Ethernet. Put green boards into green slots.
H VIOLET stands for ATM PCE-1 board combinations: Put violet boards
into violet slots. Refer to Appendix F for details on how to install
PCE-1 board combinations.
H BLUE stands for PCE I board combinations: Put blue boards into blue
slots. Refer to Appendix F for details on how to install PCE I boards.
H YELLOW stands for the AP-4 board: You can put yellow boards in
either green, red, or transparent slots.
H TRANSPARENT stands for special board layout such as for the AP1:
Put transparent boards into transparent slots.
CAUTION. If you put a “wrong” board into a slot, you could damage the
board and the instrument.
Slot 0 and 1 are reserved for the PC boards only. Do not put the PC board
into other slots and do not put other boards into slots 0 and 1.
Any installing of an ATM PCE I board combination - this also includes
mounting of a PCE I board or a PCE I board exchange - must be
performed by qualified Tektronix service personnel or service personnel
certified by Tektronix. For details, contact the Tektronix Service Support.
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Getting Started
The following color assignment matrix gives you an overview of which
measurement board you can put into which slot:
Table 3: Which measurement board into which slot?
Slot GREEN
RED
BLUE
TRANSPARENT
Board
GREEN
yes
no
no
no*
VIOLET
no
yes
no
no
BLUE
no
no
yes
no
YELLOW
yes
yes
no
yes
TRANSPARENT
no**
no
no
yes
* Restrictions could occur with some applications due to the P2 backplane
adapter.
** The “transparent” Ethernet board can be installed in a “green” slot.
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Getting Started
K1297. The VME bus of the measurement unit offers a total of eight slots
which must be assembled generally as follows:
H Slot 1 is reserved for the system processor (PC).
H Slot 2 is reserved for the application processor (AP).
H Slot 3 is reserved for extensions and can be assembled with the
optional ADSP board for GSM data services applications.
H Slot 4 is also reserved for extensions.
H Slots 5 to 8 can be assembled with the interface boards.
In case of an ATM installation slot 7 and 8 are used by an installed
PCE I combination. A second ATM board combination would have to
be installed in slot 5 and 6.
CAUTION. If you work with a second set of ATM boards, see Appendix F on
how to adapt the VME bus address.
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Getting Started
K1297 Compact. The VME bus of the measurement unit offers a total of five
slots which must be assembled generally as follows:
H Slot 1 is reserved for the system processor (PC).
H Slot 2 is reserved for the application processor (AP).
H Slot 3 to 5 can be assembled with the interface boards.
In case of an ATM installation slot 4 and 5 are used by an installed
PCE I combination.
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Getting Started
Installing Modules
If you install modules, proceed as follows:
1. Switch the device off and unplug the mains plug.
2. Remove the cover if necessary and put the module on the guide rails of
the relevant slot.
3. Push the module completely into the slot.
4. Tighten the module with the two cross-head screws.
CAUTION. Make sure the VME bus address on the new module is set
correctly (see above).
Any installing of an ATM PCE I board combination - this also includes
mounting of a PCE I board or a PCE I board exchange - must be
performed by qualified Tektronix service personnel or service personnel
certified by Tektronix. For details, contact the Tektronix Service Support.
NOTE. If you have to install a new E1/DS1 or BAI board, the Protocol
Tester reprograms the boot Flash-PROM of this new board.
Reprogramming is done automatically during the start-up sequence of the
main application and takes much more time than the normal start-up
sequence. Therefore just be patient. You must not switch off or shut down
the Protocol Tester during this time.
The reprogramming is finished as soon as the LEDs of the new boards are
off and the Protocol Tester shows the Data Flow window. Although the
Protocol Tester is then ready to work, we recommend that you close the
application and start it again.
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Getting Started
Removing Modules
If you remove modules, proceed as follows:
1. Switch the device off and unplug the mains plug.
2. Unscrew the two cross-head screws of the module’s front cover. The
screws must be completely loosened.
3. Use your thumbs to simultaneously press outwards the levers located
beneath the screws.
4. Then pull the module carefully out of the device. Make sure that the
spring strip on the long side of the module cover is not being damaged.
5. If the two springs located behind the screws on the internal side of the
module’s front cover catch when removing the module, press the
springs carefully back using an appropriate tool. Then pull the module
completely out of the device.
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Getting Started
Connecting the Data Line
The Protocol Tester can be connected to the data line in the on or off state
using the cables available as accessories.
NOTE. For each interface board a cable is delivered free of charge. Thus
you are able to work right away with your Protocol Tester. We also offer a
wide range of cables and adapters, which you can order.
For further information take a look in the WWW under Tektronix.com at
our Cable and Accessory Guide or contact your local sales partner.
We recommend that the cable length be less than 3 m.
You can control the individual measuring modules and the interfaces
(sockets) via the K1297-G20 application.
To connect the Protocol Tester to the data line, plug the right plug on one
end of the cable into a socket of the measuring module.
CAUTION. You will find information on pin assignment of the individual
sockets in Appendix A.
Please pay attention to possible impedance differences. The impedance
can be set via the K1297-G20 application.
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Getting Started
Switching on the Device
Make sure that the keyboard cable is connected to the keyboard interface,
the mains cable is supplied to the non-heating appliance socket and the
mains plug is plugged into a socket with protective ground.
1. Switch on the Protocol Tester using the mains switch 0/ (see page 16).
2. The Protocol Tester is set ready-to-run upon delivery.
The device automatically boots after switching on. The operating
system is loaded and the K1297-G20 application is then started
automatically.
3. The following window K1297-G20 Status Window appears on the
screen, indicating the initialization of your configuration:
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Getting Started
4. Wait until the K1297-G20 Status Window disappears as minimized in
the taskbar.
If you start Windows XPe for the first time, you are automatically
logged on as administrator with the following information:
User name: Administrator-TEK
Password: xinortketket
CAUTION. Do not change the pre-configured Administrator-TEK account,
since password changes also require modifications of the automatic logon.
For those changes, precise knowledge about the concept of user accounts
and user groups in Windows XP is required. The risk of changes which the
customer undertakes is carried by the customer.
Reprogramming of Flash-PROMs. When you first start an older software
version, the Flash-PROMs of your interface boards may be reprogrammed
after installation. This may take some time. Do NOT switch off the
K1297-G20 during the reprogramming process.
After reprogramming is completed, close and restart the K1297-G20
application.Depending on the type and number of interface cards, you may
have to do this once for each interface card.
Updating Expired License. The K12xx software will not start if a product
license has expired. To help you avoid this situation, product license
information is available from the Licenses option in the Help Menu in the
Data Flow window. For products with licenses that will expire in 21 days
or less, product expiration warnings will also be displayed after the system
start.
If a license does expire, you can use the normal K12xx set up program to
either uninstall the expired product or update the license key file.
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Getting Started
K1297-G20 Application
The K1297-G20 application is started with an initial screen which shows
the version number of your K1297-G20 application on top of the screen
and information on the load state of the software at the bottom.
Data Flow Window. If you start the autoconfiguration, the autoconfiguration
feature automatically detects the signaling channels and the framing of the
connected data lines. After the autoconfiguration has been carried out, the
active signaling channels are available and you can start the measurement:
the Data Flow Window appears.
There are two different tabs for setting parameters of interface modules,
links and measurement scenarios: Cards Overview and Measurement Scenarios.
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Getting Started
Cards Overview. The Cards Overview tab provides an overview of the
connected interface modules. Here you can define the setup settings of
modules and ports or change existing configuration settings. These are
assigning symbolic names to the ports and defining frame types and line
codes.
The left pane, Tester Overview , displays the interface modules, ports
and the line configurations currently set. The right pane, Cards
Overview, shows the individual sockets on the cards including module
designation.
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Getting Started
Measurement Scenarios. In the Measurement Scenarios tab of the
Data Flow window, configure your measurement task by defining data
sources and parameters for the measurement. The Measurement
Scenarios tab keeps you informed about the currently active parameter
settings and system status at all times.
The grey boxes in the pipelines represent measurement modules
(processing elements) with the connecting lines indicating the data flow
between the modules.
The left pane, List of Scenarios, displays the available measurement tasks (scenarios) as well as the measurement tasks currently
configured and the outline sources. On the right, the Measurement
Scenarios pane displays the pipelines assigned to the measurement
tasks.
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Getting Started
Navigation Icons.
Configuration:
Open Files
Save Files
Protocol Stack Editor:
Create MTP Protocol Stack
Create LAPx Protocol Stack
Open Protocol Stack Editor
Toggle between Open Stacks
Data Flow Window
Toggle between Monitor Windows
Message Sequence Chart:
Message Building System:
Create MSC
Create Message Pool with MBS
Open MSC
Open Message Pool with MBS
Toggle between
Toggle between Message Pools
Open Charts
Show Status Window
Emulation Scenario:
Create Scenario
Open Scenario
Toggle between
ESE Windows
Window Arrangement:
Cascade Windows
Tile Vertically
Tile Horizontally
Arrange Icons
Toggle between Forth Terminal Windows
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Getting Started
NOTE. As soon as you are in the K1297-G20 application, the K1297-G20
online help is available: simply click Help in a K1297-G20 application
window using the trackball or mouse or press <F1>.
The K1297-G20 online help gives you context-sensitive assistance.
Record Viewer
The Record Viewer software is already contained in your K1297-G20
software so a parallel installation should not necessary.
However, if you would like to install it in parallel to an existing installation (K1297-G20 or K1297-Classic) use a different destination path for the
Record Viewer (such as ’c:\record’).The Record Viewer supports the
following Operating Systems:
H Microsoft Windows NT version 4.0 with Service Pack 6a
H Microsoft Windows 2000
H Microsoft Windows XP Professional
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Getting Started
PC Configuration
The protocol tester is delivered completely configured. The following
software components are already installed:
H Windows XP Embedded (XPe) SP1
H Internet Explorer 6.0
H Acrobat Reader 5.0
H Software components for initializing the measurement boards
H Measurement applications as ordered
The hard disk is divided into two partitions:
H C: with the volume label BOOT contains the operating system, some
non-application-specific programs and files, and the K1297-G20
specific installation files under C:\K1297
H D: is initially empty and serves for the installation of conformance test
products
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43
Getting Started
Operating System
The user interface application of the K1297-G20 runs under Microsoft
Windows XPe.
CAUTION. The K1297-G20 is delivered with a specially configured version
of Windows XP Embedded.
The Windows XPe installation is supported by Tektronix only. Microsoft
Support Services do not support this installation.
The risk of changes (software developments or expansions) which the
customer undertakes is carried by the customer. Regarding this Tektronix
assumes no responsibility.
Windows XPe is delivered in the English version. It starts immediately
after you set up and switch on your K1297. Activation is not necessary.
Windows XPe is described in detail in the Windows XP online help. To
open the online help, click Start: Help and Support on the taskbar. Help
and Support is your comprehensive resource for Windows XPe information and tools.
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Preconfigured Accounts, Automatic Logon
Upon delivery, the device is configured with the following user accounts:
Table 4: Account Data
User name
Password
State
Administrator-TEK
xinortketket
on (default)
Administrator
xinortkeTKET
on (built-in)
Guest
(none, left blank)
off
CAUTION. Do not rename the accounts and do not change the Group
Memberships of the accounts, because this might make the device
unusable.
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Getting Started
Autologon Account. Administrator-TEK is pre-configured as autologon
account. Use always this account when:
H Operating the K1297
H Operating the Remote Desktop Client
CAUTION. Do not change the pre-configured Administrator-TEK account,
since password changes also require modifications of the automatic logon.
For those changes, precise knowledge about the concept of user accounts
and user groups in Windows XPe is required. The risk of changes which
the customer undertakes is carried by the customer.
The password for the autologon account is visible in the registry for
everyone who has physical access to the device.
CAUTION. For safety reasons, do not use the password of the autologon
account for other accounts and on other system units (PCs, Unix networks,
etc.)
If you change the autologon account you must adapt the automatic logon
as well. To change the automatic logon, proceed as follows:
1. Select Start / All Programs / Powertoys for Windows XP / TweakUI for
Windows XP. The Tweak UI dialog box opens.
2. Select Logon / Autologon from the tree view and change the automatic
logon.
Do not forget the changed passwords, as you might be locked out from
using the device. For further hints on how to select good passwords, see
for example
http://archive.ncsa.uiuc.edu/SCD/Consulting/Security/passwords.html
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Security Requirements
Security Requirements for Stand Alone Systems. The pre-configuration of the
device has been chosen for a stand-alone system without enhanced security
requirements for ease of operation. Particular security measures are not
necessary.
Security Requirements for Network Operation. If you apply the Protocol Tester
within a network or by way of a modem, then implement further and
enhanced security measures.
We strongly recommend to observe for instance the following general
statements:
H Access via an individual LAN
If you operate your Protocol Testers within an individual LAN
network, then protect this network against access from other PCs.
H Access via a company-wide Intranet
If you operate your Protocol Testers within an Intranet, then implement
an extended user administration and employ up-to-date virus scanners
and firewalls.
H Access via Internet or modem
If you want to access your Protocol Tester via the Internet, implement
the same security measures as in Intranets (see above). You can also
implement additional security measures with the help of virtual private
networks (VPNs).
To implement additional security measures, contact your local system
administrator or the Tektronix service center.
CAUTION. The implementation of extended security measures is your sole
responsibility. It is realized at customer’s own risk and without liability to
Tektronix.
You should implement these measures especially while applying the
Remote Desktop software or when transferring files via a network.
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Getting Started
Ethernet Connection
If you want to operate the protocol tester in a local Ethernet network, you
can use the built-in network adapter of the protocol tester. To establish an
Ethernet connection, connect your Ethernet cable to the 10BaseT /
100BaseTX connector of the K1297 PC board.
The properties for the default connection can you see in the Local Area
Connection Properties dialog box. To open this dialog box, proceed as follows:
1. Select Start / Control Panel / Network Connections. The Network
Connections dialog box opens.
2. Double-click an active Local Area Connection. A Status dialog box for
this connection opens. By pressing the Properties button you open the
Local Area Connection Properties dialog box.
Figure 1: Local Area Connection Properties, Generals tab
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Getting Started
TCP/IP Protocol. The TCP/IP protocol is configured by default upon
delivery. The IP address is automatically assigned to the network card by a
DHCP server.
If your network does not have a DHCP server, ask your network
administrator for the necessary parameters, such as IP address and subnet
mask. Type in the parameters as follows:
1. Open the General tab of the Local Area Connection Properties dialog
box (see figure 1).
2. Press the Properties button in the General tab of the Local Area
Connection Properties dialog box.
The Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box opens.
3. Select Use the following IP address and enter your IP address and
Subnet Mask.
4. Press the OK button to close the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties
dialog box and the Close button to close the Local Area Connection
Properties dialog box.
CAUTION. Only the software components configured upon delivery
guarantee faultless operation of the Protocol Tester.
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Getting Started
Internal IP Connection Between the Measurement Boards. To activate an
internal IP connection between the measurement boards, a virtual ethernet
adapter (SmEth) has to be installed on your Protocol Tester.
To check if the SmEth adapter is already installed and preconfigured,
proceed as follows:
1. Open the Network Connections dialog box as described on page 48.
2. Pause with the cursor over one of the Local Area Connection entries. A
ToolTip comes up telling you the name of the network connection.
If the ToolTip displays TQ based backplane ethernet driver, a virtual
ethernet adapter is installed.
3. Repeat step 2 for all other Local Area Connection entries in the
Network Connections dialog box.
If there is no such entry, you must install the virtual Ethernet adapter as
described in Appendix D.
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Remote Operation
Remote Desktop. The protocol tester can be remotely operated with the help
of Remote Desktop. Using Remote Desktop you can connect each
Windows computer to a K1297. This allows you to remotely control your
K1297 without being in field or test laboratory.
H Computers with operating system Windows XP Professional can be
connected immediately to your K1297.
H To connect computers running Windows 95 or a more recent version of
Windows to your K1297, you must install the Remote Desktop
Connections Client software.
The Remote Desktop Connections Client software is available under
C:\Setup.etc . To install it, copy this file to the local PC, and start the
msrdpcli.exe .
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Getting Started
To activate Remote Desktop, proceed as follows:
1. Enable the Remote Desktop feature on your K1297: click Start –>
Control Panel –> System. The System Properties dialog box opens.
2. Open the Remote tab and enable Allow users to connect remotely to
this computer. Close the System Properties dialog box.
3. On the control computer side: Select Start –> All Programs –>
Accessories –> Communications –> Remote Desktop Connection. The
Remote Desktop Connection dialog box opens.
Figure 2: Remote Desktop dialog box
4. Press the Options button and enter computer name, user name, and
password of the K1297.
5. Start Remote Desktop by clicking Connect.
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Remote Assistance. Use Remote Assistance if you need remote support on
your K1297. Using this feature you can invite somebody to connect to
your K1297. During Remote Assistance both of you can operate the
K1297.
To activate Remote Assistance, proceed as follows:
1. Click Start –> Control Panel –> System. The System dialog box opens.
2. Open the Remote tab and enable Allow Remote Assistance invitations
to be sent from this computer.
3. Click Start –> Help and Support. Click Invite a friend to connect to
your computer with Remote Assistance under Ask for assistance.
4. Follow the Remote Assistance wizard.
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Getting Started
Connecting Peripherals
External devices can be connected to your K1297 in several ways. Some
devices, such as keyboard, mouse, or USB devices, are connected to the
front panels of the installed boards of your K1297. Other devices, like
printers and external drives, are connected to ports on the rear panel of
your protocol tester.
For a device to work properly with Windows, a device driver must be
installed on the system. Each device is supported by one or more device
drivers, which are typically supplied by the device manufacturer.
However, some device drivers are included with the operating system. If
the device is Plug and Play, Windows XPe can automatically detect it and
install the appropriate device drivers.
If the device is not automatically installed by the operating system, the
Found New Hardware Wizard will appear and ask you to insert any media,
such as compact discs or floppy disks, that were provided with the device.
Non-Plug and Play devices are installed using the Add Hardware Wizard.
To start this wizard, click Start –> Control Panel –> Add Hardware.
Before manually installing device drivers, you should consult the device
documentation provided by the manufacturer.
CAUTION. To avoid product damage, always power off the K1297 before
installing any accessories.
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Software Installation
Important Hints
The Protocol Tester is ready for use upon delivery. Windows XPe and the
K1297-G20 application have already been installed.
Base software, application programs, updates, and upgrades are supplied
on DVD, with a setup program and a readme.txt file located directly under
the root directory of the DVD. You should read the readme file before
installing the software.
Device-specific software keys protect the software against unauthorized
access. To enable the software on your Protocol Tester, you also receive an
additional Software Keyfile / License Information Disk (key disk).
Mixing Different Software Versions. Software products from different
applications are NOT designed to be mixed. The Setup program has a
security mechanism that will ensure that such version mixes cannot be
installed:
After having selected your software products from this DVD, you will be
warned about older software products in your existing configuration that
will be removed.
H If you confirm with Yes, the Setup program removes the old products
automatically and proceeds with the installation of the new products.
H If you want to keep an old product, cancel the Setup program, backup
the software as described below, and then restart the Setup program
again.
If you want to install different applications in parallel, first perform a
complete backup of the existing software. This will ensure you the best
control about the software configuration on your system and possible
dependencies with other software packages you might have installed.
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Getting Started
Types of Installation. You have two options to install Protocol Tester
software:
H Installation of additional software packages: Install further software
packages in addition to the already installed software version such as
protocols, emulations, application programs.
H Installation of a new software version: Install a complete new version
of the base software and additional software packages.
NOTE. The K1297 Protocol Tester has been pre-configured with Microsoft
Windows XPe and therefore provides you with all possibilities offered by
this industry standard. This enables you to choose from a variety of
available software products for the analysis and evaluation of your
measurement results. Such programs can be installed and used directly on
your Protocol Tester.
Within this context, please observe the following: The installation of
additional software reduces the disk space required for saving measurement results. During the course of a measurement, only Protocol Tester
applications should be run in order to ensure the exclusive availability of
the disposable CPU performance for the measurement task.
User Data. It is important to always save user data to an appropriate back up
system before performing any installation. Detailed instructions for the
back up are given in the appropriate section.
User data are files and directories:
H not provided by Tektronix
H stored under the installation path of the Protocol Tester
NOTE. If you modify files and directories provided by Tektronix, it is
necessary to save them under a different name. Otherwise a subsequent
installation might fail or become incomplete, or your data might be
overwritten.
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Pre-Installation Checks
1. Ensure that the system date and time have been set to the actual date
and time. Failure to do so may result in a situation where the software
cannot be started.
2. Ensure that your boards meet the following memory requirements:
H AP-4 board
32 MB RAM
H E1/DS1 monitoring boards
16 MB RAM
H E1/DS1 simulation boards
32 MB RAM
H BAI boards
8 MB RAM
NOTE. In older devices with AP-1 board, this board must provide at
least 32 MB RAM.
You cannot operate boards that do not meet these requirements unless
you upgrade the RAM. A message will appear in the K1297-G20
Status Window if memory is not sufficient.
To install a RAM upgrade on a board, close all applications and
Windows XPe, switch off your system and remove the board from the
system. Then follow the steps described in ”K1297 Boards: AP, BAI,
PRIME. Mounting Instructions” (C73000-T6074-C80, available on
request).
NOTE. There are E1/DS1 simulation boards which can not be upgraded to
32 MByte RAM. You can identify these boards by their serial number
printed on a sticker on the VME bus connector of the board.
E1/DS1 simulation boards with serial numbers starting with DE9707..., or
BF9707, or earlier dates must be reprogrammed before upgrading to
32 MByte RAM.
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Getting Started
To reprogram such an E1/DS1 simulation board, proceed as follows:
H Ensure that your K1297 is switched off and remove the board from the
system.
H Note the VME bus address indicated by the yellow hex switch.
H Plug in the E1/DS1 simulation board again and boot the K1297 device.
H Execute the command line ”winflash <board number>” from the
Windows Start menu - Run. For example, if you have an E1/DS1
emulation board installed as board number 1, enter:
winflash 1
H Wait for the end of the operation.
CAUTION. Do NOT interrupt the reprogramming operation.
In case of problems, contact your technical support representative.
For fully equipped older devices with AP-1 as board number 0, you must
use an AP-1 EPROM version 6. This EPROM provides more shared
memory.
NOTE. Version 6 does not support Windows 3.11 K1297 devices.
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Pre-Installation Checks for K1297-G20 PC Software. The K1297-G20 PC
Development Environment is supported for Windows XP Professional. It
requires a dongle (aka. Aladdin Software Hardlock). For information on
obtaining and configuring this special version contact your Tektronix
representative. When using this version with the dongle please observe the
following guidelines:
H Never attempt to attach the dongle to the appropriate port (LPT1 or
USB) without first shutting the PC or Laptop down. This may damage
the dongle or the hardware to which it was attached.
H Never attempt to detach the dongle from the appropriate port (LPT1 or
USB) without first shutting the PC or Laptop down. This may damage
the dongle or the hardware to which it was attached. If the dongle is
removed while the K1297-G20 software is running, the software will
terminate.
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Getting Started
Installation of Additional Software Packages
If you have purchased additional software packages you need to install
them on top of your existing software installation. Therefore, do not
remove the existing software or change its installation path (c:\K1297).
NOTE. There are logical dependencies between single software packages
and the basic software package (prerequisites). Such information is
provided in the order information and will be checked during the setup
process. Only matching combinations can be installed.
Missing Destination Drives. The Setup program warns you, if products cannot
be installed on your system because of missing destination drives. The
affected products (such as Conformance Tests which require a D: disk
drive) are reported in a warning dialog box; they will NOT be listed in the
”List of Available Products” of the Setup program.
1. If such a warning appears, create the necessary destination drives
outside of the Setup program. Refer to the Microsoft Windows online
help on how to do this.
2. Restart the Setup program. The affected products will now become
accessible in the ”List of Available Products”.
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To install additional software packages, proceed as follows:
1. Close all applications.
Make sure that the K1297-G20 application and any applications that
run from a directory under c:\K1297\ are closed. This might be for
example MS-Control with e2e.exe, TMS with msc-tcm.exe, or
MicroDPE with uDPE.exe that runs in the system tray.
2. Connect an external DVD drive to your Protocol Tester or create an
access to a network DVD drive.
If you install the software from a DVD network drive, do not browse
the network neighborhood to access this location. Map the share
containing the DVD to an unused drive letter instead, such as ”E:”
or ”F:”
3. Insert the key disk into the floppy disk drive of the Protocol Tester.
The key disk contains a serial number, which has to be the same as the
nameplate fabrication code (Ser.-No.) on the back of the device.
4. Insert the installation DVD into the DVD drive. The Setup Guide starts
automatically. The Setup Guide helps you to successfully install your
Protocol Tester software. Follow the Setup Guide instructions.
If the installation does not start automatically, double-click
RunIntro.bat from the root directory.
Follow the setup program instructions. Read the enclosed license
agreement carefully and respond to the prompts.
Specify a valid keyfile within the keyfile selection dialog box, if you
do not want to use the keyfile.txt of the key disk in the floppy
disk drive.
In the subsequent dialog boxes, click Next.
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Getting Started
5. In the product selection dialog box installed software packages are
indicated by their version numbers in the column State.
DO NOT deselect any installed products!
Check that all additional software packages that will be installed are
selected. Their selection might fail if:
a. an incorrect or incomplete keyfile was selected before or
b. not all necessary software packages were purchased or installed.
In case a., choose the correct keyfile using the button that indicates the
currently used keyfile.
In case b., install all software packages that you have purchased for
this system. You might need to access all keyfiles you have received in
all deliveries for this software version for this system. If you cannot
proceed, contact the technical support.
6. Press Next to test your selection against the provided keys.
NOTE. The Next button may be disabled. One possible reason is that not
enough space is available on partition C: or D: (conformance test
products). In that case, try to save space until the setup program displays
at least 20% free disk space.
7. Press Start when the key check finishes successfully.
CAUTION. Do not interrupt the installation program once you have clicked
Start. If the program is inadvertently interrupted, rename the file
C:\WINDOWS\UNINSTALL.K12XX.INI.0x with the highest number
for x to C:\WINDOWS\UNINSTALL.K12XX.INI.
Start the installation program again.
8. After the installation is complete, remove the key disk from the floppy
disk drive and reboot your Protocol Tester.
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Installation of a New Software Version
Software products from different applications are NOT designed to be
mixed. The Setup program has a security mechanism that will ensure that
such version mixes cannot be installed.
If you install a new software version on top of an existing software
version, the existing version will be automatically removed.
If you want to install software products in parallel on one Protocol Tester,
first perform a complete backup of the existing software.
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Getting Started
Back Up the Software. To back up your existing K1297-G20 installation,
proceed as follows:
1. Close all applications.
Make sure that the K1297-G20 application and any applications that
run from a directory under c:\K1297\ are closed. This might be for
example MS-Control with e2e.exe, TMS with msc-tcm.exe, or
MicroDPE with uDPE.exe that runs in the system tray.
2. Use the Windows Task Manager to end the process dio.exe.
3. Rename the original K1297-G20 directory C:\k1297 (for example,
c:\k1297.vxxx), or move the directory to a different partition.
4. Rename the file C:\WINDOWS\UNINSTALL.K12XX.INI (for
example, C:\WINDOWS\UNINSTALL.K12XX.INI.vxxx) before
you install the new K1297-G20 software.
CAUTION. If you do not rename this file before installing the new software,
the software will not start.
CAUTION. If you create multiple installation sets on your hard disk by such
back up operations, keys for different software versions will remain in your
keyfile c:\WINDOWS\keyfile.txt. The KeyManager program will
not be able to identify each back up. A subsequent call of this tool might
announce keys of back up installations erroneously as “obsolete”. Do not
delete “obsolete” keys: a restored installation will not run without its keys.
To overcome such possible problems, rename the keyfile accordingly (for
example c:\WINDOWS\keyfile.txt.vxxx).
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Installing the Software. To install a new software version, proceed as
follows:
1. Close all applications.
2. Connect an external DVD drive directly to your Protocol Tester or
create an access to a network DVD drive.
If you install the software from a DVD network drive, do not browse
the network neighborhood to access this location. Map the share
containing the DVD to an unused drive letter instead, such as ”E:”
or ”F:”
3. Insert the key disk into the floppy disk drive of the Protocol Tester. The
key disk contains a serial number, which must be the same as the
nameplate fabrication code (Ser.-No.) on back of the device.
4. Insert the installation DVD into the DVD drive. The Setup Guide starts
automatically. The Setup Guide helps you to successfully install your
Protocol Tester software. Follow the Setup Guide instructions.
If the installation does not start automatically, double-click
RunIntro.bat from the root directory of the DVD.
Follow the setup program instructions. Read carefully the enclosed
license agreement and respond to the prompts.
Specify a valid keyfile within the keyfile selection dialog box, if you
do not want to use the keyfile.txt of the key disk in the floppy
disk drive.
In the subsequent dialog boxes, click Next.
NOTE. The Setup program warns you, if products cannot be installed on
your system because of missing destination drives. The affected products
(such as Conformance Tests which require a D: disk drive) are reported in
a warning dialog box; they will NOT be listed in the ”List of Available
Products” of the Setup program.
If such a warning appears, proceed as described on page 60.
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Getting Started
5. In the product selection dialog, check that all software packages that
will be installed are selected. Their selection might fail if:
a. an incorrect or incomplete keyfile was selected before or
b. not all necessary software packages were purchased or installed.
In case a., choose the correct keyfile using the button that indicates the
currently used keyfile.
In case b., install all software packages that you have purchased for
this system. You might need to access all keyfiles you have received in
all deliveries for this software version for this system. If you cannot
proceed, contact the technical support.
6. Press Next to test your selection against the provided keys.
NOTE. The Next button may be disabled. One possible reason is that not
enough space is available on partition C: or D: (conformance test
products). In that case, try to save space until the setup program displays
at least 20% free disk space.
7. Press Start when the key check finished successfully.
CAUTION. Do not interrupt the installation program once you have clicked
Start. If the program is inadvertently interrupted, rename the file
C:\WINDOWS\UNINSTALL.K12XX.INI.0x with the highest number
for x to C:\WINDOWS\UNINSTALL.K12XX.INI.
Start the installation program again.
If you re-install an older K1297-G20 version such as V3.10 and a conflict
related to the tqdll.dll file is displayed, select the Overwrite button to
continue although the already installed file is newer.
8. After the installation is complete, remove the key disk from the floppy
disk drive and reboot your Protocol Tester.
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Removing the Software
To remove K1297-G20 software from the system, proceed as follows:
1. Close all applications.
Make sure that the K1297-G20 application and any applications that
run from a directory under c:\K1297\ are closed. This might be for
example MS-Control with e2e.exe, TMS with msc-tcm.exe, or
MicroDPE with uDPE.exe that runs in the system tray.
2. Start the Tektronix K12xx remove program by selecting:
Start / Settings / Control Panel / Add or Remove
Programs: Tektronix K12xx Protocol Tester and press
Add/Remove.
Remove the K1297-G20 software by selecting dedicated or all entries
in the list of installed components.
User Data will be preserved.
3. Reboot the system after removing has been terminated successfully.
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Getting Started
Switching Off and Transporting the Device
Before you switch off the Protocol Tester, shut down the operating system,
and then switch off the Protocol Tester using the I/O switch.
K1297. When folding the keyboard up, keyboard and cable box must be
connected and the cable must be completely inside the cable box.
1. First put the keyboard into the holding pins which are located at the top
of the monitor frame (a); then press the two locking buttons on the
cable box until you hear them click (b).
a.
b.
Use the optional transport case to transport the device over longer
distances.
K1297 Compact. For transport purposes fold the cover over the slots again.
1. The cover beneath the display is folded upwards and the keyboard is
folded back in front of the display to protect it against damage.
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2. Press the lateral handle hinges (variant handle: push up hinges) and put
the handle into a vertical position.
3. Use the transport case in which the device has been delivered to
transport the K1297 Compact over longer distances. Put the device into
the transport case as shown below:
Before closing the transport case make sure that the handle is pointed
toward the rear edge of the device.
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Getting Started
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K1297-G20 Workflow
In the whole, working with K1297-G20 takes place in the following three
phases:
H Configuration and protocol setup
H Emulation and simulation composing
H Monitoring and evaluating the tests
This chapter guides you through these phases and through different aspects
of working with the K1297-G20. Some of the descriptions are closely
related to the How-to instructions of the K1297-G20 online help.
NOTE. The following chapter should help you get started by explaining
some basic principles of the K1297-G20.
For detailed step by step instructions see the K1297-G20 online help.
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K1297-G20 Workflow
Configuration and Protocol Setup
This phase comprises the hardware configuration, the configuration of the
logical links, the setup of the protocols, and the configuration of the
measurement scenarios.
Table 5: Configuration and Protocol Setup
Configure Cards and Logical Links
To carry out an online measurement with the Protocol Tester you must
set up a connection between the system to undergo a simulation or
emulation and the hardware installed in the K1297. Furthermore, the
logical rules for the processing of the data flow must be defined.
For this, the Protocol Tester must be connected to the data lines; all
interface modules required for the measurement must have been
initialized (check in K1297-G20 Status Window if boot ok); a
configuration must have been created, and the Data Flow window
must be open.
Configure Protocol Stacks
A protocol stack contains the interpretation rules for the processing of
measurement data. The interpretation rules are derived from the
protocols in the stack, the parameters of these protocols, and the
relations between them.
For this, the protocol descriptions (.upd files) you want to use in the
protocol stack must have been installed. A number of predefined
protocol stacks for measurements in various networks are provided in
the c:\k1297\stacks\ directory.
For simulations you can build customized protocol stacks for a
particular test system. To do this you can change an existing stack and
save it as a new one, or create an entirely new stack.
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Table 5: Configuration and Protocol Setup (Cont.)
Configure Measurements Scenarios
The Protocol Tester provides a model for creating and managing
configurations that groups together the physical, logical and
application-oriented settings in measurement scenarios.
Scenarios are represented by pipelines in the Data Flow window, the
Emulation Scenario Control and in the Monitor. Pipelines comprise
various processing elements representing the data sources, the data
links and the application-dependent measurement modules of a
measurement scenario.
In online scenarios, the Protocol Tester is connected with the data
lines; logical links serve as the data sources of this scenario type. In
offline scenarios, the data sources on which the monitoring is based
are recording files.
To carry out a measurement with the Protocol Tester, you have to set
up a suitable measurement scenario first. You can use predefined
pipelines containing all of the elements required for a measurement
scenario.
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K1297-G20 Workflow
Example
NOTE. The single tasks you have to undergo depend on exactly what you
want to perform.
1. To start with the port configuration of an installed interface board,
click in the Data Flow Window on the Cards Overview tab.
Then, double-click in the right pane, Cards Overview, on the
socket illustration of the port you want to work with and select the
ports settings in the Ports Setup box.
2. To configure a logical link and assign a protocol stack, click in the
Data Flow Window on the Measurement Scenarios tab.
In the Measurement Scenarios pane double-click on a source
pipeline processing element, for example Scr Empty.
Select at least the following items from the Logical Link Setup
box: Card, Port, Protocol Stack, Channel No or VPI/VCI.
NOTE. FISU suppression should only be used to duplicate MTP based
protocol stacks. For ISDN, V5, GPRS protocol stacks select No.
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K1297-G20 Workflow
Emulation and Simulation Composing
To establish a connection on the lower protocol layers, the Protocol Tester
must provide the services and methods of these protocol layers. The
services and methods are realized by emulations that are configured into
various protocol combinations in emulation stacks.
A specific test case can require additional procedures or behavior patterns
such as the simulation of a user’s behavior, the simulation of several
communications terminal devices, or a test of components with illegal or
faulty data. Simulations such as these are also realized by programs which
you can integrate as part of an emulation stack. The simulations thus use
the services and procedures of emulations.
The Protocol Tester is delivered with a number of predefined emulations,
emulation stacks, and simulations. You can use the emulations and
simulations in your own emulation stacks. Additionally, you can create
your own emulations and simulations.
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Table 6: Emulation and Simulation Composing
Load, Configure and Start Emulation Scenarios
An emulation scenario provides a complete description of the
configuration of an emulation control element. By loading an
emulation scenario, you configure and activate the Protocol Tester for
the execution of a particular measurement task. This could be, for
example, the emulation of a particular network component or the
testing of a special Implementation under Test.
The emulation scenario editor is the environment in which you load
and configure emulation scenarios and monitor the execution of the
measurement task. Various predefined emulation scenarios (.esc) for
tests in different networks have been provided in the directory
c:\k1297\EMUL-Scenarios\ . In this directory you will also find all of
the stack, parameter and link assignment files used by these scenarios.
You can use an existing emulation scenario for your test structure, or
create a new emulation scenario.
An emulation scenario uses various files in which parts of the
configuration are stored:
Emulation Stack File (.esf): The emulation stack functions as the
scenario’s basic framework. It describes the simulation and emulation
instances of an emulation stack, their arrangement on the screen, and
the connections between the items.
Emulation Parameter File (.esp): The items that can be used in an
emulation stack generally have a number of configurable parameters.
For every item of an emulation stack, the parameter file stores the
value that is to be used for the emulation scenario.
Logical Link Assignment File (.lla): This file describes the scenario’s
data source and establishes the connection between the emulation
stack and the current link configuration.
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K1297-G20 Workflow
Table 6: Emulation and Simulation Composing (Cont.)
Create Messages and Primitives Using the Message Building System
In message pools, you can create descriptions of data to be sent or
received. You can use these data descriptions in simulations or
emulations. Data to be send is created as a pattern that is used to
assemble the data. Data to be received is available as a control pattern
that is evaluated when data is received.
The data structure of a message pool is based on the OSI reference
model. You can create messages (protocol data units, PDUs) for a
particular protocol layer, and abstract service primitives (ASPs) for
controlling a corresponding emulation. Which protocol layers are
available in a message pool is determined by the protocol stack that is
connected to the message pool. The assignment of an emulation to a
protocol layer determines which primitives can be created.
When creating a new message pool, you determine which protocol or
emulation layers are available by selecting a protocol stack. Predefined message pools, which you can use for your own simulations or
emulations, have been provided in the c:\k1297\MBS-Pools\ directory.
You can change an existing message pool and save it as a new one, or
create an entirely new message pool.
To create a message pool, you need the protocol stack on which the
message pool is based. Install the required protocol stacks or create the
desired protocol stack in the protocol stack editor.
To create primitives, the emulation to be used must also be installed.
With the help of the corresponding emulation description (feature file,
.fxt), the MBS determines which service access points (SAP) are
available and the possible primitives for the selected SAP.
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Table 6: Emulation and Simulation Composing (Cont.)
Create Message Sequence Chart Scenarios
The graphic message sequence chart tool enables the fast and easy
creation of message sequences. An MSC scenario determines which
emulations will be used for communication. In a gateway, you also
determine which message pool holds the messages (PDUs) and
primitives (ASPs) that can be used in the individual charts.
If the desired control sequence is modeled in the MSC scenario, the
MSC scenario can be compiled with a special compiler. The result of a
successful compilation process is a Forth script (.4th) and a description
file (feature file, .fxt) that enables the application of the MSC scenario
to an emulation scenario.
Predefined MSC scenarios that you can use for your own simulations
or emulations have been provided in the c:\k1297\MSC-Scenarios\
directory. You can also change an existing MSC scenario and save it as
a new one or create an entirely new MSC scenario.
Create and Start Simulations Using MSC or Forth
With the MSC you can control the data flow of an emulation scenario.
With the Portable Forth Environment (PFE) you can control an
emulation scenario using a Forth script. Both tools can be used to
create simple message flows or finite state machines without having to
fall back on the comprehensive but more complex resources of the
programming environment (C-API).
Prepared files have been provided in the following directories:
MSC scenarios in c:\k1297\MSC-Scenarios\
Forth scripts in c:\k1297\share\pfe
Measurement scenarios in c:\k1297\config
You can use existing scripts and scenarios or create new scripts and
scenarios.
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K1297-G20 Workflow
Monitoring and Evaluating the Tests
To evaluate the communication process during a measurement in a test
case, you must analyze the received or transmitted data correctly. To
support this task, the Protocol Tester offers a number of components that
make it possible to interpret data in various views and using various
interpretation aids.
Table 7: Monitoring and Evaluating the Tests
Monitor
In the Monitor window you can view the protocol data flow during a
measurement. In addition, the monitor of some applications or
emulations displays text messages indicating whether a predefined
state has been reached or displaying or a process status.
Filter
With a filter you restrict the amount of data to the scope relevant for
your test case.
Trigger
With a trigger you can start an action when a certain state or when a
certain event occurs.
Applications
Additional applications can be looped into in the data flow for certain
measurement tasks. These applications interpret the received data.
Applications can display the interpretation of the data either in a
separate window or as text messages in the Monitor.
Realchart
Some applications enable the statistical recording and evaluation of
counters. RealChart displays this data in various views.
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K1297-G20 Workflow
Table 7: Monitoring and Evaluating the Tests (Cont.)
Recording
A delayed interpretation, for example, of long-term measurements, is
made possible by the recording of measurement data. The recording
can be played in again and evaluated at a later point of time.
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Emulation Example
This chapter shows how to set up and monitor a back-to-back online test
scenario with the MTP layer 2 emulation. The MTP layer 2 emulation is
used in several application examples of upper layer emulations. The
emulation scenario editor is used to configure this example.
Preliminary Steps
H The Protocol Tester’s E1/DS1 emulation board has been connected to
the measuring sockets of the data line using the appropriate cables.
H Hardware and logical links have been configured.
Refer to chapter K1297-G20 Workflow in the K1297-G20 User Manual
and to topic How to Configure Cards and Logical Links in the Online
Help for further information.
H An MTP-based protocol stack has been created.
Refer to chapter K1297-G20 Workflow in the K1297-G20 User Manual
and to topic How to Create New Protocol Stacks in the Online Help for
further information.
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Emulation Example
Creating the Emulation Scenario
Our example needs an online scenario pipeline consisting of three
branches (see figure 3):
H monitoring branch
H emulation scenario branch for the Test Center (TC)
H emulation scenario branch for the Item Under Test (IUT)
Figure 3: Online measurement scenario pipeline with configured data source
(example)
NOTE. For more information on how to create an online scenario pipeline
with different branches and how to configure the data source, refer to topic
How to Configure Measurement Scenarios in the Online Help.
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Emulation Example
To create an online measurement scenario and configure the data source in
the Data Flow Window, proceed as follows:
1. To create an emulation scenario for the Test Center, click the New
button on the online emulation processing element (see figure 4). This
will open the Emulation Scenario Editor (ESE).
Figure 4: Online emulation processing element
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Emulation Example
2. Edit the Test Center emulation stack in the Diagram View window of
the ESE:
a. Add the ss7mtp2a emulation to the (empty) stack and connect it
to the LDS Placeholder.
Refer to topic Editing Emulation Stacks in the Online Help for
further information.
b. Configure the LDS Placeholder.
Refer to topic Configuring the LDS Placeholder in the Online
Help for further information.
c. Click on the Parameter View tab to change to the Parameter
View window of the ESE.
d. Select the Timers menu in the left pane. The MTP layer 2
emulation supports ITU-T, BELLCORE, and BELLCORE LI1
timer settings.
Set Timing to BELLCORE for ANSI-BELLCORE operation
(see figure 5).
Refer to topic Parameterizing Items in the Online Help for
further information.
Figure 5: Parameterizing an emulation (example)
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Emulation Example
3. Repeat the preceding steps for the Item under Test:
Create an emulation scenario for the Item under Test; click the New
button on the second online emulation processing element and edit the
Item Under Test emulation stack.
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Emulation Example
Starting the Emulation
To start the emulation, proceed as follows:
1. Change to the Data Flow Window and close the monitoring pipeline
branch.
2. Upload the emulation scenario and close the pipeline switch for the
emulation scenario branches: first for the Test Center branch, then for
the Item under Test branch (see figure 6).
Figure 6: Context menu with Upload Emulation Scenario and Close Pipeline Switch
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Emulation Example
3. Start the emulations of both emulation scenario branches manually.
Refer to topic Starting Emulation Scenarios in the Online Help for
further information
a. Change to the ESE Parameter View window.
b. Start the MTP layer 2 emulation of the Test Center branch by
selecting Connect in the Actions menu (see figure 7).
c. Start the MTP layer 2 emulation of the Item under Test branch
by selecting Emergency in the Actions menu.
Figure 7: Starting the emulation using the Connect action
NOTE. If you use the MTP layer 2 emulation as lower layer emulation, the
upper layer emulation (MTP layer 3 emulation) automatically starts the
MTP layer 2 emulation. In this case the action menu’s default setting
(Bind) has not to be changed.
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Emulation Example
Monitoring the Emulation
To monitor the emulation, proceed as follows:
1. Change to Diagram View to check that the MTP layer 2 emulations of
both branches have started and are in ACTIVE state (see figure 8).
Refer to topic Checking Emulation States in the Online Help for further
information.
Figure 8: Emulation started and in the ACTIVE state
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Emulation Example
2. Change to the Monitor window to view the measurement data (see
figure 9).
Refer to topic Monitor in the Online Help for further information.
Figure 9: Monitor window displaying emulation data
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Emulation Example
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Operating Modes
An overview of the Protocol Tester operating modes and of typical
applications follows. The individual terms are often listed without
differentiation in the technical literature; the descriptions of the operating
modes represent the definitions applicable to the Protocol Tester.
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Operating Modes
Measurements on the BAI S0 Interface
Monitoring
Two receivers (one in NT mode, one in TE mode) receive data in both
directions on the S bus in Monitoring mode. The connection has the
impedance of a TE, but does not affect the S bus.
TE
TE
S
U
NT
TE
K1297
BAI S0
Headphones can be connected so that voice data can be monitored
bi-directionally in B channels. For this purpose, two ARCOFIs (Audio
Ringing Codec Filter) are on the interface which processes the voice
signals accordingly.
The clock pulses are derived from the signals of the TE receivers.
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Operating Modes
NT Emulation
In NT emulation mode, the BAI interface simulates a network termination.
TE
TE
TE
TE
K1297
BAI S0
Handsets can be connected so that voice data can be processed bi-directionally in one B channel.
Furthermore, it is possible to supply the TEs with auxiliary power by using
the DC/DC converters on the supply module.
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Operating Modes
TE Emulation
In TE emulation mode, the BAI interface simulates terminal equipment,
such as a telephone.
TE
U
NT
K1297
BAI S0
Handsets can be connected so that voice data can be processed bi-directionally in one B channel.
The clock pulses are derived from the signals of the TE receivers.
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Operating Modes
S0 Interface: Configurations
Point-to-Multipoint (Passive Bus)
The passive bus can be implemented as a short passive bus or an extended
passive bus.
Short passive bus
100 to 200 m
Termination
(100 Ohms)
TR
Termination*
(100 Ohms)
TR
TE
TE
1
8
Connecting cable < 10 m (TE)
NT
Connecting cable < 3 m (NT)
* can be integrated in NT
Extended passive bus
<= 500 m
Termination
(100 Ohms)
Termination*
(100 Ohms)
25 to 50 m
TR
TR
TE
TE
1
4
Connecting cable < 10 m (TE)
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NT
Connecting cable < 3 m (NT)
* can be integrated in NT
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Operating Modes
Point-to-Point
Termination
(100 Ohms)
TR
Termination*
(100 Ohms)
TR
TE
Connecting cable < 10 m (TE)
96
<1000 m
NT
Connecting cable < 3 m (NT)
* can be integrated in NT
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Operating Modes
Measurements on the BAI U2B1Q Interface
Monitoring
Due to the transfer procedure, the U interfaces are pure point-to-point
connections. Monitoring, by switching in the Protocol Tester on an
existing line, is not possible.
This means that the line must be interrupted to implement the monitoring
functions. After this, two point-to-point connections are established using
the measuring instrument. In this context, the BAI interface represents a
U-Repeater.
U
U
LT
NT
K1297
BAI U2B1Q
The clock pulses are derived from the LT and transferred to the NT.
The feed voltage supplied by the LT is switched-through to the NT.
You can connect headphones for monitoring bi-directionally voice data on
one B-channel; two ARCOFIs (Audio Ringing Codec Filters) on the
interface process the voice signals accordingly.
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Operating Modes
LT Emulation
In LT emulation mode, the BAI interface emulates a line termination.
U
NT
K1297
BAI U2B1Q
You can connect a telephone headset for conducting telephone conversations; an ARCOFI (Audio Ringing Codec Filter) on the interface processes
the voice signals appropriately.
Remote feeding of the NT is possible using the DC-DC converter on the
feed module.
The clock pulses are derived either internally from the internal 15.36
quartz or from another PRI or BAI module.
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Operating Modes
NT Emulation
In NT emulation mode, the BAI interface emulates a line termination.
U
LT
K1297
BAI U2B1Q
You can connect a telephone headset for conducting telephone conversations; an ARCOFI (Audio Ringing Codec Filter) on the interface processes
the voice signals appropriately.
The clock pulses are derived from the signals of the NT receiver.
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Operating Modes
Measurements on the E1/DS1 Interface
The monitor functionality of the Protocol Tester makes passive reading of
data on signaling lines possible. The signaling and user channel data in
both directions are displayed.
Passive Monitoring
Traffic A-B is read. Both communication directions are monitored. The
connection of the tester is established such that a physical as well as
logical non-reactive override is carried out. This can be effected, for
example, by high-resistance interfacing. The Protocol Tester does not
include a sender.
A
B
Rx1
Rx2
K1297
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Operating Modes
Active Monitoring on Lines in Duplex Operation
With active monitoring on lines in duplex operation there is no possibility
for a passive monitor to allocate the relevant direction from the signal. The
state machines must be tracked correctly on both Rx/Tx points, for
communication from A to B to be possible at all.
Rx/Tx
Rx/Tx
A
B
K1297
Simulation and Multi-Link Simulation
The Protocol Tester takes on the task of a communication partner, layer by
layer. The protocol runs according to a program which is created by the
user. Thus, you can perform even faulty protocol implementations.
Tx
K1297
Rx
IUT
A typical application is the simulation of a layer in connection with
emulations of the layers lying underneath.
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Operating Modes
Emulation
The Protocol Tester takes on the task of a communication partner, layer by
layer. The protocol is run automatically and always correctly, so it is not
necessary to program the tester.
Tx
K1297
Rx
IUT
A typical application is the emulation of the lower layers to support the
simulation of the overlying layer.
NOTE. The simulation and emulation on multiple links is possible. Up to 16
interfaces can be simulated in parallel.
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Operating Modes
Measurements on ATM Interfaces
Passive Monitoring with Optical STM-1 LIFs via Monitoring Points
If available, use the protected monitoring points of your IUT to establish a
connection between the K1297 and the IUT.
Tx
Rx
Monitoring
Point
IUT
Rx
IUT
Tx
Rx1
Rx2
K1297
Monitoring points transmit optical signals either in singlemode signals or
in multimode fashion. Depending on the transmission mode, you must
select the required cable.
Make sure that the optical input power at the optical input ports of the
K1297 and the IUT complies with the specified Sensitivity value (see page
A-71). To check the optical input power you need an optical power meter.
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Operating Modes
Passive Monitoring with Optical STM-1 LIFs via Optical Couplers
If your IUT has no monitoring points, connect your K1297 via two optical
couplers (splitters) to the IUT.
Tx
Rx
IUT
IUT
Rx
Tx
Rx1
Rx2
K1297
Optical couplers have one input and two outputs. They split an optical
input signal into two optical output signals. They split the power of the
input signal either into equal shares (symmetrical couplers) or into unequal
shares (asymmetrical couplers).
Different couplers are required for singlemode and for multimode
applications. Depending on your IUT, you must select the required
coupler.
Make sure that the input power provided at the optical inputs of the K1297
and of the IUT comply with their specified values. Therefore, select
couplers with an appropriate split ratio.
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Operating Modes
To connect the coupler to your IUT, proceed as follows:
1. Connect the coupler input to the Tx port of your IUT.
2. Connect one coupler output to the regular Rx port or your IUT.
3. Connect the second coupler output to a free port of the optical STM-1
interface of your K1297.
WARNING. Never look into the end of a fibreglass cable or a fibre which
could be connected to a laser source. Laser radiation can damage your
eyes because it is invisible and your pupils do not contract instinctively
as with normal bright light. If you think your eyes have been exposed to
laser radiation, you should have your eyes checked immediately by an
eye doctor.
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Operating Modes
Passive Monitoring with E1/DS1/J1 LIFs via Protected Monitoring Points
If available, use the protected monitoring points of your IUT to establish a
connection between the K1297 and the IUT.
Tx
Rx
Monitoring
Point
IUT
Rx
IUT
Tx
Rx1
Rx2
K1297
Protected monitoring points can send either E1 data (75 Ohms asymmetrical or 120 Ohms symmetrical), DS1 data (100 Ohms symmetrical), or J1
data (110 Ohms symmetrical). Depending on this type of data, you must
select the required cable.
For this monitoring mode, the cable length can be more than 3 meters.
CAUTION. For E1 connections, please pay attention to possible impedance
differences. The impedance can be set via the K1297-G20 application.
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Operating Modes
Control the electrical requirements via the K1297 application, via Ports
Setup / Advanced Settings:
H Set Mode either to E1, DS1, or to J1
For E1 mode, select 75 Ohms (asymmetrical) or 120 Ohms (symmetrical) as Impedance.
For DS1 mode, select 100 Ohms (symmetrical) as Impedance.
For J1 mode, select 110 Ohms (symmetrical) as Impedance.
H Set the Boost (Rx) to the value that complies with the attenuation of the
monitor point.
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Operating Modes
Passive Monitoring with E1/DS1/J1 LIFs Without Monitoring Points
If your IUT provides no monitoring points, connect the K1297 to the IUT
via so-called wire stubs.
Adding wire stubs to communication links disturbs signal transmission
because of signal reflections. Therefore, the length of the wire stubs
should be kept as short as possible. Usually the impact of reflection caused
by wire stubs that are shorter than 3 meters can be neglected.
The cable length of the wire stubs should be less than 3 meters.
Tx
Rx
IUT
IUT
Rx
Tx
Rx1
Rx2
K1297
Control the electrical requirements via the K1297 application via Ports
Setup / Advanced Settings:
H Set the Impedance to high-resistant
H Set the Boost to 0 dB.
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Operating Modes
Simulation and Emulation with STM-1 Optical LIFs
For simulation, the Protocol Tester takes on the task of a communication
partner, layer by layer. The protocol runs according to a measurement
scenario which is created by the user. Thus, you can perform even faulty
protocol implementations.
For emulation, the Protocol Tester takes on the task of a communication
partner, layer by layer. The protocol is run automatically and always
correctly, so it is not necessary to program the tester.
The connections between the K1297 and the IUT are identical for
simulation and emulation.
Simulation / Emulation with Singlemode IUTs. To simulate / emulate
connections to singlemode IUTs, establish the connection between the
K1297 and the IUT according to the following figure.
K1297
Tx
Rx
Rx
Tx
IUT
Singlemode
Singlemode Fibers
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Operating Modes
Simulation / Emulation with Multimode IUTs without Attenuator. To simulate /
emulate connections to multimode IUTs, establish the connection between
the K1297 and the IUT according to the following figure.
Singlemode Fiber
K1297
Tx
Rx
Rx
Tx
IUT
Multimode
Multimode Fiber
Simulation / Emulation with Multimode IUTs with Attenuator. In some cases the
optical transmitter of the K1297-G20 overloads the IUT’s optical receiver.
Typically, in these cases errors on the physical layer (such as bit errors,
loss of frame) occur. Inserting an optical attenuator into the connection
adjusts the optical power to the sensitivity range of the IUT’s receiver.
To simulate / emulate connections to multimode IUTs via attenuator,
establish the connection between the K1297 and the IUT according to the
following figure.
Singlemode Fiber
Tx
K1297
Rx
10 dB
Rx
Tx
IUT
Multimode
Multimode Fiber
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Operating Modes
Simulation and Emulation with E1/DS1/J1 Electrical LIFs
For simulation, the Protocol Tester takes on the task of a communication
partner, layer by layer. The protocol runs according to a measurement
scenario that you create, so you can perform even faulty protocol
implementations.
For emulation, the Protocol Tester takes on the task of a communication
partner, layer by layer. The protocol is run automatically and always
correctly, so it is not necessary to program the tester.
The connections between the K1297 and the IUT are identical for
simulation and emulation.
Connection with E1/DS1/J1 Electrical LIFs. To simulate / emulate connections
with electrical E1/DS1/J1 line interface boards, establish the connection
between the K1297 and the IUT according to the following figure.
K1297
Tx
Rx
Rx
Tx
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IUT
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Operating Modes
Simulation and Emulation with 10/100/1000 Ethernet Electrical LIFs
For simulation, the Protocol Tester takes on the task of a communication
partner, layer by layer. The protocol runs according to a measurement
scenario that you create, so you can perform even faulty protocol
implementations.
For emulation, the Protocol Tester takes on the task of a communication
partner, layer by layer. The protocol is run automatically and always
correctly, so it is not necessary to program the tester.
The connections between the K1297 and the IUT are identical for
simulation and emulation.
Connection with 10/100/1000 Ethernet Electrical LIFs. To simulate/emulate
connections with electrical 10/100/1000 Ethernet line interface boards,
establish the connection between the K1297 and the IUT according to the
following figure.
IUT
K1297
NOTE. If the IUT is an Ethernet Host, use a cross cable to connect the
electrical 10/100 Ethernet LIF.
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Appendix A: Interfaces
The location of the interfaces is shown in the following figure.
K1297. Interfaces are on the rear of the device, on the PC board front panel
and on the front panels of the measuring modules.
K1297 Compact. Interfaces are on the PC board front panel and on the front
panels of the measuring modules on top of the device underneath the
device cover. Further interfaces are located behind the front cover beneath
the display.
K1297
K1297 Compact
Location of interfaces
The individual interfaces are described in detail in the following sections.
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A-1
Appendix A: Interfaces
System Unit
The system unit contains the system processor PC as its main component.
The processor coordinates control and sequence of the user processes.
Further components are: keyboard, monitor, and floppy disk drive. A
switched mode mains power supply and regulated fans serve for supply
and ventilation of the modules.
CAUTION. K1297 only: Two green LEDs on the front of the device indicate
the active operating state of the system processor and the SCSI connection.
If the software can not access the hardware serial number during the boot
process, the Power LED turns red. In this case, contact the service support.
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Appendix A: Interfaces
PC-7 Board
The Intel-based PC-7 board is a VME bus board with a Celeron system
processor.
This board provides the following interfaces:
H PS2 keyboard interface
H Standard serial COM 1 interface for connecting external devices
H USB 1.1 interface for connecting external devices
H LPT1 interface for printer connection
H Ethernet (twisted pair, 100BaseTx) interface for LAN connection
H VGA interface for monitor connection
The VGA graphics card supports flat screen, external monitor, and dual
display mode.
H Four USB 2.0 Highspeed (480MBit/s) interfaces with A Type connectors
H Analog stereo output (LINE_OUT) via stereo mini jack (3.5mm)
H Analog stereo input (LINE_IN) via stereo mini jack (3.5mm)
H Analog mono input (MIC_IN) via stereo mini jack (3.5mm)
To reset the Protocol Tester in an emergency, use a pointed tool and insert
it into the RESET switch located on the cover of the PC board. An LED
indicates the operating state of the hard disk drive (HD) and a second LED
indicates network operation.
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Appendix A: Interfaces
Keyboard Interfaces (KEYBOARD and KBD)
Two keyboard interfaces are available:
H K1297 keyboard interface KEYBOARD
H additional interface KBD for an external keyboard
Interface: KEYBOARD
K1297. The K1297 keyboard interface is accessible from the bottom of the
device. It is covered by a metal sheet which you have to remove first.
K1297 Compact. The K1297 keyboard interface is behind the front cover
beneath the display.
NOTE. If the external keyboard interface (KBD) is used with an external
keyboard, the K1297 keyboard connector must not be plugged in.
1
3
5
2
4
6
Table A–1: Pin assignment for the KEYBOARD interface
(PS/2 interface)
A-4
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
Keyboard data
4
+5V
2
PS/2 Mouse data
5
Keyboard clock
3
Ground
6
PS/2 Mouse clock
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Interface: KBD
K1297. The interface of the external keyboard is on the rear of the device
on the PC board front panel.
K1297 Compact. The interface of the external keyboard is on top of the
device on the PC board front panel.
NOTE. If the additional keyboard interface KBD is used with an external
keyboard, the KEYBOARD connector must not be plugged in.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Table A–2: Pin assignment for interface KBD (PS/2 interface)
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
Keyboard data
4
+5V
2
PS/2 Mouse data
5
Keyboard clock
3
Ground
6
PS/2 Mouse clock
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-5
Appendix A: Interfaces
Serial Interface (COM1)
K1297. The serial interface COM1 is on the rear of the device on the PC
board front panel.
K1297 Compact. The serial interface COM1 is on top of the device on the
PC board front panel.
1
9
Table A–3: Pin assignment for interface COM1
A-6
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
DCD
6
DSR
2
RxD
7
RTS
3
TxD
8
CTS
4
DTR
9
RI
5
Ground
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
USB 1.1 and 2.0 Interface
K1297. The USB interfaces are on the rear of the device on the PC board
front panel.
K1297 Compact. The USB interfaces are on top of the device on the PC
board front panel.
1
4
Table A–4: Pin assignment for the USB interfaces
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
5V
3
USB_P0+
2
USB_P0-
4
Ground
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-7
Appendix A: Interfaces
Parallel Interface (LPT1)
K1297. The parallel interface is on the rear of the device on the PC board
front panel.
K1297 Compact. The parallel interface is on top of the device on the PC
board front panel.
25
1
13
Table A–5: Pin assignment for interface LPT1
A-8
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
STROBE
14
Auto feed
2
DB0
15
Error
3
DB1
16
Initialize
4
DB2
17
Select input
5
DB3
18
Ground
6
DB4
19
Ground
7
DB5
20
Ground
8
DB6
21
Ground
9
DB7
22
Ground
10
ACK
23
Ground
11
BSY
24
Ground
12
Paper end
25
Ground
13
Select
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Ethernet Twisted Pair Interface (10BaseT)
K1297. The ethernet twisted pair interface is on the rear of the device on the
PC board front panel.
K1297 Compact. The ethernet twisted pair interface is on top of the device
on the PC board front panel.
1
Table A–6: Pin assignment for interface 10BaseT
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
TxD +
5
Not connected
2
TxD -
6
RxD -
3
RxD +
7
Not connected
4
Not connected
8
Not connected
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-9
Appendix A: Interfaces
External Monitor’s Interface (VGA)
K1297. The interface for an external VGA monitor is on the rear of the
device on the PC board front panel.
K1297 Compact. The interface for an external VGA monitor is on top of the
device on the PC board front panel.
5
1
6
15
11
Table A–7: Pin assignment for interface VGA
A-10
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
Red
9
Not connected
2
Green
10
Ground
3
Blue
11
Not connected
4
Not connected
12
Monitor data
5
Ground
13
HSY
6
Ground
14
NC
7
Ground
15
Monitor data
8
Ground
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Ethernet BNC Interface (10Base2)
K1297. The ethernet BNC socket is on the rear of the device on the PC
board front panel.
K1297 Compact. The ethernet BNC socket is on top of the device on the PC
board front panel.
1
Table A–8: Pin assignment for interface 10Base2
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
RxI/TxO
2
CDS (Signal ground)
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-11
Appendix A: Interfaces
Serial Interface (COM2)
K1297. The serial interface (COM2) is on the rear of the device next to the
PC board front panel.
K1297 Compact. The serial interface (COM2) is behind the front cover
beneath the display.
1
9
Table A–9: Pin assignment for interface COM2
A-12
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
DCD
6
DSR
2
RxD
7
RTS
3
TxD
8
CTS
4
DTR
9
RI
5
Ground
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Alarm and Synchronizing Sockets (RELAIS and CLK I/O)
Alarm and synchronizing sockets you can order as an option for
your K1297.
K1297. The alarm and synchronizing sockets are on the rear of the device in
the left bottom corner.
K1297 Compact. The alarm and synchronizing sockets are behind the front
cover beneath the display.
The following voltages are the maximum turn-off voltages that you may
apply:
42 V AC peak with maximum turn-off current 5 A or
30 V DC with maximum turn-off current 5 A or
60 V DC with maximum turn-off current 1.5 A resistive load or
60 V DC with maximum turn-off current 0.5 A non-resistive load.
The maximum relay ratings are:
250 V AC with 5 A or
30 V DC with 5 A or
60 V DC with 1.5 A resistive load or
60 V DC with 0.5 A non-resistive load.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-13
Appendix A: Interfaces
The synchronizing sockets can be used for data or timestamp synchronization of several K1297 and for clock synchronization of interface boards.
1
Table A–10: Pin assignment for interface CLK I/O
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
RxI/TxO
2
CDS (Signal ground)
NOTE. The described options will need to be enabled by the appropriate
software.
A-14
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
SCSI Interface (SCSI I/O BUS)
K1297. The SCSI interface is on the rear of the device in the right bottom
corner.
K1297 Compact. The SCSI interface is behind the front cover beneath the
display.
25
1
50
26
Up to six peripheral devices can be connected to the controller of the
system processor via the SCSI socket. Each peripheral device must be
assigned an individual address (SCSI ID). The controller occupies address
7 as standard. Since the controller boots from the device with the lowest
address, the internal hard disk of the K1297 is set to address 1. When not
connected with a peripheral device the SCSI socket is terminated
automatically.
The interface is single ended.
CAUTION. Assign one of the free addresses 2 - 6 to the devices that you
want to operate via the external SCSI connection. Do not assign address 1.
Switch on the Protocol Tester first and before switching on the SCSI
connected device.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-15
Appendix A: Interfaces
Table A–11: Pin assignment for interface SCSI I/O
A-16
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
Ground
26
D0
2
Ground
27
D1
3
Ground
28
D2
4
Ground
29
D3
5
Ground
30
D4
6
Ground
31
D5
7
Ground
32
D6
8
Ground
33
D7
9
Ground
34
DP
10
Ground
35
Ground
11
Ground
36
Ground
12
Ground
37
Ground
13
Ground
38
TERMPWR
14
Ground
39
Ground
15
Ground
40
Ground
16
Ground
41
ATN
17
Ground
42
Ground
18
Ground
43
BSY
19
Ground
44
ACK
20
Ground
45
RST
21
Ground
46
MSG
22
Ground
47
SEL
23
Ground
48
C/D
24
Ground
49
REQ
25
Ground
50
I/O
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Connecting Wide SCSI-3 Devices (68 Pins)
It is possible to connect a wide SCSI-3 device (68 pins) to the K1297
Protocol Tester using the delivered SCSI adapter.
The SCSI interface of your Protocol Tester is wired like a SCSI-1
interface. To connect a wide SCSI-3 device (68 pins) you need this
specially qualified 50-to-68 pins SCSI adapter.
CAUTION. Some commercially-made adapters may cause a short circuit
between TERMPWR and GROUND if they connect pins 12, 13 and 37 of
the 50 pins SCSI interface to pins 17, 18 and 51 of the wide 68 pins SCSI
interface. Such an internal wiring will cause the failure of the SCSI
connection.
Use only the SCSI adapter delivered with your Protocol Tester.
The following table shows the crucial pin connections of the qualified
Tektronix 50-to-68 pin SCSI adapter:
Table A–12: Correct internal pin assignment of 50-to-68 pin SCSI
adapter
Pin of 50-pin
SCSI interface
Required internal connection
Pin of 68-pin
SCSI interface
12
Not connected
17
13
Not connected
18
37
Not connected
51
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-17
Appendix A: Interfaces
AP-4 and AP-4/256 Board
The Additional Processor Board (AP-4) is a single slot card that increases
the K1297-G20 Protocol Tester’s processing power by a factor of 5 to 10
depending on the application.
When using 3 or more measurement cards it is recommended to include
the AP-4 card; it is necessary when using 5 or 6 boards in the K1297
benchtop device.
AP-4 and AP-4/256 boards provide the following features:
H 64 or 256 MB Memory Capacity
H 1 MB Memory L2 Cache
H 140 MHz Memory Cache Bus Clock Frequency
H 350 MHz Processor Clock Frequency
H Serial interface via RJ45 front panel connector
H Ethernet interface (10-BaseT/100-BaseTx) via RJ45 front panel
connector
H Two PCI Mezzanine card slots
NOTE. AP-4/256 boards require software version K1297-G20 V2.00
or above.
A-18
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Figure A–1: AP-4, AP-4/256 Board
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-19
Appendix A: Interfaces
K1297. For the K1297 the usage of an AP-4 or AP-4/256 board depends on
the number of interface boards.
K1297 Compact. For the K1297 Compact the AP-4 or AP-4/256 board is
optional.
For configurations with 1 or 2 interface boards an AP-4 or AP-4/256 board
will only be needed for heavy demanding applications. Using an AP-4 or
AP-4/256 board speeds up decoding approximately by factor 10. The disk
throughput performance raises by at least factor 2.
For configurations using 3 and 4 interface boards we recommend using an
appropriate processor also for lighter loads.
For configurations with 5 and 6 interfaces the AP-4 or AP-4/256 board is
mandatory.
NOTE. Keep in mind that using an additional application processor in the
K1297/K1297 Compact housing needs an additional VME bus slot.
CAUTION. Before installing a new board ensure that the VME bus address
is set correctly (cf. chapter Getting Started, section Exchanging Measuring
Modules).
Defining new CPU numbers must be performed at an ESD approved
workplace. Electrostatic discharge can permanently destroy components
that have to be temporarily removed from your device.
A-20
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Working With Two AP-4 / AP-4/256 Boards. Upon delivery, AP-4 boards are set
to ”0”. If you work with a second AP-4 board, make sure its VME bus
address (CPU number) is set correctly.
The VME bus addresses throughout the system must be unique. The AP-4
and Ethernet boards require an odd address number. In addition, the next
even address number must NOT be used in the system:
H A system with a second AP-4 board with VME address ”7” (and ”8”
implicitly) works fine if there are no other board conflicts with ”7” and
”8”.
H
A system with a second AP-4 board with VME address ”3” (and ”4”
implicitly) plus an E1/DS1 Emulation board with VME address ”1”
works fine if there are no other board conflicts with ”3”, ”4”, and ”1”.
CAUTION. The PC board is set to address ”9” upon delivery (and ”10”
implicitly), and the first AP board is set to address 0. Never change the
addresses of the PC board and the first AP-4 board.
See the description on how to define CPU numbers of the Ethernet board
on page A-95 and proceed accordingly if you want to work with a second
AP-4 board.
The Status Window displays the VME addresses that are in use (however,
the implicitly used numbers for boards such as AP-4 and ETH-100 are not
displayed).
CAUTION. Only a qualified service technician should perform this
procedure at an ESD approved workplace. To avoid injury and to prevent
damage to the board or any products connected, review all safety
precautions in the User Manual when adapting CPU numbers.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-21
Appendix A: Interfaces
The following interfaces are located on the front panel of the AP-4 /
AP-4/256 board:
H Serial interface
H 10BaseT / 100BaseTX
The SERIAL interface (RJ45 connector) can be used as asynchronous
serial debug port for service purposes.
1
Table A–13: Pin assignment for the SERIAL interface (DTE)
A-22
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
DCD
5
RxD
2
RTS
6
Ground
3
Ground
7
CTS
4
TxD
8
DTR
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
In addition an RJ45 10BaseT / 100BaseTX connector is provided on the
front panel (for future use, not yet supported).
1
Table A–14: Pin assignment for the 10BaseT / 100BaseTX interface
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
TD +
5
Not connected
2
TD -
6
RD -
3
RD +
7
Not connected
4
Not connected
8
Not connected
The two covered holes at the bottom can be equipped with PCI mezzanine
cards for special applications as for example GPRS.
The two switches on the front panel have the following function:
ABT
RST
Abort (for future use, not yet software supported)
Reset all onboard devices
The four status LEDs on the front panel have the following meaning:
BFL
CPU
PCM
PCM
Board failure
CPU is accessing the bus
Top PCI mezzanine card, if installed, is active
Bottom PCI mezzanine card, if installed, is active
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-23
Appendix A: Interfaces
BAI Board
The BAI board (Basic Access Interface) is required for measurements on
ISDN lines and connections. The BAI board can be fitted with up to two
interface modules depending on the purpose of application. The interface
modules establish the necessary different circuits dependent on the
interface standard.
NOTE. EN 60950, IEC 950, UL 1950: The interface boards are designed
for connecting to a telecommunication network (TNV-1 circuits); the
appropriate interfaces are provided.
The supply voltage necessary for supplying power to the terminal
equipment to be tested is supplied by a separate supply module, which is
plugged on the interface board and connected to the base module.
WARNING. High voltages may occur on the following supply connectors
and sockets: under “S0 Simulation / Monitoring” with “TE A” or “TE M”,
“MON A B” or “MON M N”, “TE/NT B” or “TE/NT N”;
under “U2B1Q Simulation / active Monitoring” with “LT A” or “LT M”
and “NT/LT B” or “NT/LT N”.
With older front panels the following supply connectors and sockets are
concerned: “to NT”, “S-BUS MON”, “to TE(NT)”, “to LT”, “to NT(LT)”.
These older terms are marked in the following with old.
A-24
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
8
1
S0
4
1
Supply module
U2B1Q
Figure A–2: BAI board with S0 and U2B1Q interface
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-25
Appendix A: Interfaces
BAI S0 Interface Module
The S0 interface module provides three RJ45 connectors for line
connection, which are designated as follows:
H “TE A” or “TE M” (old: “to NT”)
H “MON A B” or “MON M N” (old: “S-BUS MON”)
H “TE/NT B” or “TE/NT N” (old: “to TE(NT”)
Modes of Operation. To monitor lines with the S0 interface module, proceed
as follows:
1. Deactivate the line and connect the S bus with connector “MON A B”/
“MON MN”.
2. Activate the line from the NT or TE.
To emulate, proceed as follows:
If you want to carry out a TE Emulation, connect the network/exchange line with the “TE/NT B”/“TE/NT N” connector. You can set a
high-resistance terminating element (S bus) or a 100 terminating
element in the configuration menu.
If you want to carry out an NT Emulation, connect your terminal
equipment with the “TE A”/“TE M” connector. This line is terminated
with 100 in the interface module.
If you want to carry out a Dual TE Emulation - the Dual TE Emulation
is a special mode in which the Protocol Tester uses one interface
module to emulate two TEs -, check the correct configuration of this
mode of operation before establishing the line connections . Connect
one NT with the “TE/NT B”/“TE/NT N” connector and the other NT
with the “TE A”/“TE M” connector.
CAUTION. Make sure to only use the “MON A B”/“MON M N” connector
when connecting the S bus.
A-26
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Line status. Two LEDs, “L1” (Layer 1 activated) and “PF” (Power
Feeding), are assigned to each line connector. The LEDs indicate the line
status, as shown in the following table.
Table A–15: Line status S0 interface module
L1
PF
Meaning
on
on
After booting: Reset of the interface.
Else: Activated, normal power feeding
alternating
with PF
alternating
with L1
Port is initialized and deactivated: Activate. Internal:
deactivated, no power feeding
on
off
Activated, no power feeding
off
on
Deactivated, normal power feeding
off
blinking
Deactivated, restricted power feeding
on
blinking
Activated, restricted power feeding
off
off
Port not active
In NT Emulation operating mode, the auxiliary supply voltage source
present on the supply module can be activated. According to the S0 lines
specification, the specified supply voltage at the power feeding point for
terminal equipment is 40 V DC (+2 /-6 V).
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-27
Appendix A: Interfaces
Pin Assignment. The connectors of the S0 interface module have the
following pin assignment:
Table A–16: Pin assignment for connectors TE A and TE M
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
Not connected
5
Rx-
2
Not connected
6
Tx-
3
Tx+
7
Not connected
4
Rx+
8
Not connected
Table A–17: Pin assignment for connectors MON A B and MON M N
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
Not connected
5
Rx TE-
2
Not connected
6
Rx NT-
3
Rx NT+
7
Not connected
4
Rx TE+
8
Not connected
Table A–18: Pin assignment for connectors TE/NT B and TE/NT N
A-28
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
Not connected
5
Tx-
2
Not connected
6
Rx-
3
Rx+
7
Not connected
4
Tx+
8
Not connected
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
BAI U2B1Q Interface Module
The U2B1Q interface module provides two connectors for line connection,
which are designated as follows:
H “LT A” or “LT M” (old: “to LT”)
H “NT/LT B” or “NT/LT N” (old: “to NT(LT)”)
Modes of Operation. To monitor lines with the U2B1Q interface module,
proceed as follows:
1. Deactivate the line concerned and separate it.
2. Connect the network to the socket labelled “LT A”/“LT M” and
connect the NT to the socket labelled “NT/LT B”/“NT/LT N”. The
interface module responds in the line like a U-repeater.
To emulate, proceed as follows:
If you want to carry out an LT Emulation, connect your NT or your
terminal equipment to the “NT/LT B”/“NT/LT N” socket.
If you want to carry out an NT Emulation, connect the network station
to the “LT A”/“LT M” socket.
If you want to carry out a Dual NT Emulation - the Dual NT Emulation
is a special mode in which one interface module is used to emulate two
NTs -, check the correct configuration of this mode of operation before
establishing the line connections. Connect one of the LTs to the “LT
A”/“LT M” socket and the other LT to the
“NT/LT B”/“NT/LT N” socket.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-29
Appendix A: Interfaces
Line status. Two LEDs, “L1” (Layer 1 activated) and “PF” (Power
Feeding), are assigned to each line connector. The LEDs indicate the line
status, as shown in the following table.
Table A–19: Line status U2B1Q interface module
L1
PF
Meaning
on
on
After booting: Reset of the interface.
Else: Activated, normal power feeding
alternating
with PF
alternating
with L1
Port is initialized and deactivated: Activate. Internal:
deactivated, no power feeding
on
off
Activated, no power feeding
off
on
Deactivated, normal power feeding
off
blinking
Deactivated, restricted power feeding
on
blinking
Activated, restricted power feeding
off
off
Port not active
In LT Emulation operating mode, the auxiliary supply voltage source
present on the supply module can be activated. For standard power feeding
of NTs with short line connections to the LT, a supply voltage of 55 V DC
is used.
A-30
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Pin Assignment. The connectors of the U2B1Q interface module have the
following pin assignment:
Table A–20: Pin assignment for connectors LT A and LT M
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
TIP*
2
RING*
Table A–21: Pin assignment for connectors NT/LT B and NT/LT N
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
TIP*
2
RING*
* Either polarity is possible.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-31
Appendix A: Interfaces
Auxiliary Connections
The modules also provide the following auxiliary connections:
H Headphones: A 3.5-mm stereo jack is used as headphone connector.
Software has not been not implemented yet but is coming soon: a
B channel can be monitored bi-directionally via the stereo headphones.
CAUTION. Use a headphone or headset with a ferrite sleeve in order to
fulfill EMC regulations. See Appendix C, Certifications and compliances
table.
H B channel connection “64k EXT”: The B channels can be accessed
externally with the appropriate setting in the configuration menu (also
see below B Channel Access Adapter).
H Handset: Software not implemented yet but coming soon: Running a
simulation a voice connection can be established in a B channel via a
connected handset (see below Handset connection).
H Supply module, auxiliary connection “EXT”, red and black, for supply
voltage: Two 4-mm banana jacks are provided for measuring the
supply voltage (red: normal + and black: normal -) supplied by the NT
(with S0) or the LT (with U2B1Q) when monitoring.
CAUTION. Due to EMC reasons, use only high quality, shielded cables!
A-32
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
B Channel Access Adapter. B channel data is extracted using an optional
accessories adapter cable, which features two connectors: a 10-pin mini
plug for the interface module (“64k EXT”) on one end and a female 15-pin
D-Sub plug on the other end with the following pin assignment.
NOTE. We also offer a wide range of cables and adapters, which you can
order. Take a look in the WWW under Tektronix.com at our Cable and
Accessory Guide or contact your local sales partner.
9
8
1
Figure A–3: B channel connection
Table A–22: Pin assignment for B channel connection
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
Output RxD/B1 from
network-side when monitoring
9
Output RxD/B2 from user-side
when monitoring
2
Not connected
10
Output RxD/B2 from network-side
when monitoring
3
Output RxD/B1 from user-side
when monitoring
11
Not connected
4
Input TxD/B2
12
Input TxD/B1
5
Not connected
13
Output TxC (64 kHz inverted to
RxC)
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-33
Appendix A: Interfaces
Table A–22: Pin assignment for B channel connection (Cont.)
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
6
Output RxC (64 kHz)
14
Not connected
7
Output frame signal B1 (8kHz)
15
Digital Ground
8
Output frame signal B2 (8kHz)
The signals are TTL level with an impedance of 75 .
Frame sync
RxC
RxD
BIT 0
BIT 1
BIT 2
BIT 3
BIT 4
BIT 5
BIT 6
BIT 7
BIT 0
BIT 1
BIT 2
BIT 3
BIT 4
BIT 5
BIT 6
BIT 7
TxC
TxD
Figure A–4: Time diagrams
A-34
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Handset Connection. Running a simulation a voice connection can be
established in a B channel via a connected handset (not yet software
supported).
Table A–23: Pin assignment handset
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
Transmitter capsule -
3
Receiver capsule +
2
Receiver capsule -
4
Transmitter capsule +
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-35
Appendix A: Interfaces
E1/DS1 Emulation Board
Simulations and emulations on PCM sections can be carried out via the
available E1 and DS1 emulation modules (PRIME modules: Primary Rate
Monitor and Emulation).
Two transmission rates are supported, 2.048 Mbit/s (E1; PCM 30) and
1.544 Mbit/s (DS1; PCM 24).
Each module can simulate or emulate up to four physical PCM connections, monitor up to two connections, or simulate/emulate two connections
and monitor one connection. The lines are connected via separate
simulation/monitoring sockets. Configuration errors are thus excluded
from the beginning.
NOTE. EN 60950, IEC 950, UL 1950: The interface boards are designed
for connecting to a telecommunication network (TNV-1 circuits); the
appropriate interfaces are provided.
A-36
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
The following overview shows the supported framing formats and the
electrical specifications of the two versions:
E1: PRIME_2
Framing Format
Transmitter
Receiver
E1
PCM30
Output Pulse
Input Sensitivity
2.048 MBIT/S
HDB3
acc. to G.703 § 6.2
min. -35 dB
CRC4 ON/OFF
Bit Rate
Impedance Low / High
HDB3
acc. to G.703 § 6.1
75, 120 / > 650 ohms
Output Jitter
Jitter tolerance
acc. to G.823 § 2
acc. to G.823 § 3.1
Return Loss
acc. to G.703 § 6.3
Unbalance
> 22 dB
DS1: PRIME_1.5
Framing Format
Transmitter
Receiver
DS1
F4
Output Pulse
Input Sensitivity
1.544 MBIT/S
AMI / B8ZS
acc. to G.703 § 2.6
min. -35 dB
F12 D3/D4
Bit Rate
Impedance Low / High
AMI / B8ZS
acc. to G.703 § 2.2
75, 100 / > 650 ohms
ESF CRC6 ON/OFF
Output Jitter
Jitter tolerance
AMI / B8ZS
acc. to G.824 § 3
acc. to G.824 § 4.2
F72
Return Loss
AMI / B8ZS
acc. to G.703 § 6.3
Unbalance
> 22 dB
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-37
Appendix A: Interfaces
The interfaces of the E1 and DS1 modules implement the physical and
electrical connections to the PCM section. For simulation, the sockets
feature a transmitter and receiver each for PCM signals. For monitoring,
two receivers of the adjacent simulations each are used and combined on a
socket.
The assignment of the connections is included in the following overview.
The assignment of the transmitters and receivers of all four simulation
sockets as well as the receiver of both monitoring sockets are identical.
Accessories. The DS1 and E1 modules require lines with a 9-pin D-Sub
plug on the test object side. For the system connection side, the following
test cables are available:
H Open ends (no plug) with Z=120 H 1.6/5.6 plug with coax cable with Z=75 . A 1.6/5.6 adapter on BNC
makes the connection of the cable to BNC sockets possible.
H 3-pin with Z=120 H Bantam with Z=110 A-38
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
9
5
6
1
4
1
Figure A–5: E1/DS1 emulation board (PRIME)
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-39
Appendix A: Interfaces
Four 9-pin D-Sub simulation connectors are on the board.
Table A–24: Pin assignment D-Sub connectors
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
Rx-
6
Rx+
2
Not connected
7
Not connected
3
Not connected
8
Not connected
4
Not connected
9
Tx+
5
Tx-
Two 9-pin D-Sub monitoring connectors are on the board.
Table A–25: Pin assignment D-Sub connectors
A-40
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
Rx- MON A, C
6
Rx+ MON A, C
2
Not connected
7
Not connected
3
Not connected
8
Not connected
4
Not connected
9
Rx+ MON B, D
5
Rx- MON B, D
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Handsets or headsets can be connected so that voice data can be processed
bi-directionally in one B channel.
Table A–26: Pin assignment of the handset connector
Pin
Assignment
Function
1
MIN
Microphone input negative
2
HON
Handset output negative
3
HOP
Handset output positive
4
MIP
Microphone input positive
CAUTION. Use a headphone or headset with a ferrite sleeve in order to
fulfill EMC regulations. See Appendix C, Certifications and compliances
table.
The status LEDs on the front panel have the following meaning:
Synchronous: Receive frame recognized, if LED is on.
Signal ok: Receive signal recognized, if LED is on.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-41
Appendix A: Interfaces
E1/DS1 Monitoring Board
Each E1/DS1 monitoring board (PRIMO: primary rate monitoring) has
four independent PCM monitor interfaces and can receive eight signaling
links with HDLC data. The Protocol Tester can be extended to simultaneously monitor 16 PCM interfaces and 32 signaling links.
NOTE. EN 60950, IEC 950, UL 1950: The interface boards are designed
for connecting to a telecommunication network (TNV-1 circuits); the
appropriate interfaces are provided.
A-42
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
The following overview shows the supported framing formats and the
electrical specifications:
DS1
Framing Format
DS1
F4
1.544 MBIT/S
AMI / B8ZS
F12 D3/D4
AMI / B8ZS
ESF CRC6 ON/OFF
AMI / B8ZS
F72
AMI / B8ZS
Receiver input:
E1
0 - 36 dB
75 ohms / 100 ohms / >650 ohms
Framing Format
E1
PCM30
2.048 MBIT/S
HDB3
CRC4 ON/OFF
HDB3
Receiver input:
0 - 36 dB
75 ohms / 120 ohms / >650 ohms
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-43
Appendix A: Interfaces
9
5
6
1
Figure A–6: E1/DS1 monitoring board (PRIMO)
A-44
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
9-pin D-Sub connectors are available as interfaces.
Table A–27: Pin assignment D-Sub connectors
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
Rx- MON A, C, E, G
6
Rx+ MON A, C, E, G
2
Not connected
7
Not connected
3
Not connected
8
Not connected
4
Not connected
9
Rx+ MON B, D, F, H
5
Rx- MON B, D, F, H
In addition a headphone connector with a mini jack is provided for
listening to audio data.
The status LEDs on the front panel have the following meaning:
Synchronous: Receive frame recognized, if LED is on.
Signal ok: Receive signal recognized, if LED is on.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-45
Appendix A: Interfaces
Ethernet Board
The set of Ethernet boards is equipped with two Ethernet single-wide PCI
mezzanine modules for special applications such as GPRS Gn/Gi.
The Ethernet modules comply with the IEEE 802.3 for 10BaseT and
100BaseTX. Both full duplex and half duplex modes are supported.
Due to performance reasons, an AP board and a E1/DS1 or a S0 - U2B1Q
board are prerequisites for using the Ethernet board.
NOTE. EN 60950, IEC 950, UL 1950: The interface boards are designed
for connecting to a telecommunication network (TNV-1 circuits); the
appropriate interfaces are provided.
A-46
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
8
1
Ethernet module 1
Ethernet module 2
Figure A–7: ETH board with two Ethernet PCI mezzanine modules
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-47
Appendix A: Interfaces
The SERIAL interface (RJ45 connector) can be used as asynchronous
serial debug port for service purposes.
1
Table A–28: Pin assignment for the SERIAL interface (DTE)
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
DCD
5
RxD
2
RTS
6
Ground
3
Ground
7
CTS
4
TxD
8
DTR
In addition an RJ45 10-BaseT/100-BaseT connector is provided on the
front panel (for future use, not yet supported).
Table A–29: Pin assignment for the 10-BaseT/100-BaseT interface
A-48
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
Tx +
5
Not connected
2
Tx -
6
Rx -
3
Rx +
7
Not connected
4
Not connected
8
Not connected
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
The two switches on the front panel have the following function:
ABT
RST
Abort (for future use, not yet software supported)
Reset all onboard devices
The four status LEDs on the front panel have the following meaning:
BFL
CPU
PMC
PMC
Board failure
CPU is accessing the bus
Top PCI mezzanine card, if installed, is active
Bottom PCI mezzanine card, if installed, is active
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-49
Appendix A: Interfaces
Ethernet Modules
Two independent high performance Fast Ethernet interface controller ports
(RJ45 connectors) are on an Ethernet module.
1
Table A–30: Front Panel I/O Pin Assignment
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
Tx +
5
Not connected
2
Tx -
6
Rx -
3
Rx +
7
Not connected
4
Not connected
8
Not connected
Each Ethernet port provides a set of four LED status indicators on the front
panel with the following information:
Rx
Tx
Traffic is sensed on the network.
A data packet is sent.
The LEDs have the following meaning:
A-50
LINK
Link integrity: LED is on means, link is good in
either 10 or 100 Mbps mode.
LED is off means, link is bad.
100
Speed: LED is on means, the data rate is 100 Mbps.
LED is off means, the data rate is at 10 Mbps.
LED retains its last known state when the link is down.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
GbETH Board
GbETH stands for Gigabit Ethernet. The Gigabit Ethernet board processes
the data streams, which are transmitted and received via its two Gigabit
Ethernet ports.
NOTE. In the Port Setup dialog for the GbETH board, you cannot set the
bit rate manually. Instead use the Auto Mode option.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-51
Appendix A: Interfaces
8
Gigabit Ethernet ports
1
Figure A–8: GbETH (Gigabit Ethernet) Board
A-52
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
The following hardware configurations are supported:
Table A–31: Maximum Configurations with the GbETH Board
Number of AP-4
measurements boards
GbETH
E1/DS1
PCE-1
ETH
(PRIME)
Device type
K1297-G20 Benchtop
1
1
–
1
–
K1297-G20 Benchtop
1
1
–
–
2
K1297-G20 Benchtop
1
1
4
–
–
K1297-G20 Benchtop
1
1
1
–
2
K1297-G20 Benchtop
1
1
2
–
1
K1297-G20 Benchtop
1
2
1
–
–
K1297-G20 Portable
1
1
–
–
–
K1297-G20 Portable
1
1
1
–
–
NOTE. GbETH boards require software version K1297-G20 V4.00 or
above.
CAUTION. Before installing a new board ensure that the VME bus address
is set correctly (cf. chapter Getting Started, section Exchanging Measuring
Modules).
Defining new CPU numbers must be performed at an ESD approved
workplace. Electrostatic discharge can permanently destroy components
that have to be temporarily removed from your device.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-53
Appendix A: Interfaces
The following interfaces are located on the front panel of the GbETH
board:
H Two Gigbit Ethernet interfaces
H Serial interface
GbETH1 and GbETH2 interface: Access to the dual Gigabit Ethernet is
provided by two transpower RJ–45 connectors with integrated magnetics
and LEDs located on the front panel. The pin assignments for these
connectors are as follows:
Pin 1
LED 1
LED 2
Table A–32: Pin assignment for the 1000Base-T mode
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
B1_DA + *
5
B1_DC –
2
B1_DA –
6
B1_DB –
3
B1_DB +
7
B1_DD +
4
B1_DC +
8
B1_DD –
Table A–33: Pin assignment for the 10Base-T/100Base-T mode
A-54
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
TD +
5
Not connected
2
TD –
6
RD –
3
RD +
7
Not connected
4
Not connected
8
Not connected
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
The status LEDs on the ports have the following meaning:
LED 1 yellow
PHY_10_100_LINK_L
LED 1 green
PHY_1000_Link_L
LED 2 yellow
PHY_XMT_L
LED 2 green
PHY_RCV_L
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-55
Appendix A: Interfaces
The SERIAL interface (RJ45 connector) can be used as asynchronous
serial debug port for service purposes.
1
Table A–34: Pin assignment for the SERIAL interface
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
DCD
5
RX
2
RTS
6
GNDC
3
GNDC
7
CTS
4
TX
8
DTR
The switch on the front panel has the following function:
ABT
RST
Abort
Reset all onboard devices
CAUTION. ABT and RST are for future use. They are not yet supported. Do
not touch the switches.
A-56
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
ATM Boards: PCE I Board Combinations
PCE I board combinations are measuring boards to measure transmission
rates of up to 155.520 Mbps.
CP board
E1/DS1/J1 (Tx/Rx)
LIF
Host processor board
PMC CPA module
STM-1 (Tx/Rx) LIF
Figure A–9: ATM PCE I board combination
PCE I board combinations consist of a PCE I board and one or two line
interfaces (LIFs).
The PCE I board consists of the following components:
H Host processor board
H PMC Cell Processor Adaptation (CPA) module for communication
between host processor board and cell processor board
H Cell processor (CP) board. This board carries the high performance
C-port network processor C5.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-57
Appendix A: Interfaces
The PCE I board is combined with one or two line interface modules. The
following modules are available:
H STM-1 (Tx/Rx) optical line interface
H STM-1 (Rx/Rx) optical line interface
H E1/DS1/J1 (Tx/Rx) electrical line interface
H E1/DS1/J1 (Rx/Rx) electrical line interface
NOTE. EN 60950, IEC 950, UL 1950: The interface boards are
designed for connecting to a telecommunication network (TNV-1
circuits); the appropriate interfaces are provided.
A-58
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
General Features
PCE I board combinations provide the following features:
H Entirely per software programmable emulation of virtually any type of
broadband network interfaces and data link layers up to link rates of
STM-1.
H Adjusted and optimized firmware packages enabling a wide range of
monitoring and simulation solutions for different types of physical
interfaces with support of several types of data link and network layers
protocols.
H Fast reload capability of firmware packages and flexible (re)configuration options per software.
H Sophisticated life statistics (counting / gathering capabilities).
H PCE I physical interfaces can be fully synchronized according to their
network transmit clock options.
H PCE I board combinations operate internally with high resolution time
stamps (5 ns granularity) synchronized over all PCE I interfaces for Tx
and Rx PDUs (Last Bit Out / Last Bit In).
H Automatic power on self diagnostics software running at every system
start.
H Support of AAL2 and AAL5 technologies, simultaneous handling of
AAL2 and AAL5 based PDUs.
H Support of UMTS interfaces such as Iu-CS, Iu-PS, Iu-BC, Iub and Iur.
CAUTION. When using PCE I board combinations, always provide proper
ventilation. The environmental temperature of the PCE I board is
permanently monitored by the PCE I system driver software. If the critical
temperature level is exceeded all active board and software components
will be immediately disabled or interrupted. The board could be damaged.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-59
Appendix A: Interfaces
Host Processor Board
The PCE I host processor board processes the data streams, which are
output of the interface modules.
Table A–35: Characteristics of the host processor board
Characteristic
Description
Processor
IBM PPC750, 400 MHz
1MByte L2 Cache
Memory
64 MByte SDRAM module 100 MHz
4 MByte strata flash
A-60
Bus interface
Local PCI bus 32 bit, 33 MHz
Ethernet interface
One 10/100 BaseTx connector, RJ45
connector on front panel
Serial interface
Serial RS-232 debug interface on front panel
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
8
1
8
1
PMC CPA module with
BNC connector;
TTL level necessary
Figure A–10: Host Processor Board
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-61
Appendix A: Interfaces
The SERIAL interface (RJ45 connector) can be used as asynchronous
serial debug port for service purposes.
1
Table A–36: Pin assignment for the SERIAL interface (DTE)
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
DCD
5
RxD
2
RTS
6
Ground
3
Ground
7
CTS
4
TxD
8
DTR
The two switches on the front panel have the following function:
ABT
RST
Abort (for future use, not yet software supported)
Reset all onboard devices
The four status LEDs on the front panel have the following meaning:
BFL
CPU
PMC
PMC
A-62
Board failure
CPU is accessing the bus
Top PCI mezzanine card, if installed, is active
Bottom PCI mezzanine card, if installed, is active
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
In addition an RJ45 10BaseT / 100BaseTX connector is provided on the
front panel (for future use, not yet supported).
1
Table A–37: Pin assignment for the 10BaseT / 100BaseTX interface
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
TD +
5
Not connected
2
TD -
6
RD -
3
RD +
7
Not connected
4
Not connected
8
Not connected
The two covered holes at the bottom can be equipped with PCI mezzanine
cards for special applications as for example UMTS.
For an external clock a TTL signal is necessary. This signal is transferred
via the BNC connector. The BNC connector is part of the PMC module.
1
Table A–38: Pin assignment for BNC connector
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
Rx
2
CDS (Signal ground)
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-63
Appendix A: Interfaces
STM-1 (Tx/Rx) Optical Line Interface
Each STM-1 optical interface provides the following features:
H 155.520 Mbps ± 20 ppm
H ITU G.957-S1.1 optical
H ITU G.708
H SDH (SONET) section, line and path overhead processing
H 2 x Tx, single mode, output power -13 dbm typical,
1310 nm typical
H 2 x Rx, sensitivity -3 to -28,5 dbm, 1200-1600 nm (single and
multimode)
Port A2 in LIF A or
Port B2 in LIF B
Port A1 in LIF A (installed on the left – lower – half of the PCE I board) or
Port B1 in LIF B (installed on the right – upper – half of the PCE I board)
Figure A–11: Front panel of the STM-1 (Tx/Rx) optical line interface
A-64
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Each STM-1 (Tx/Rx) optical line interface provides two ports. Each port
provides a duplex LC connector.
SC singlemode connections are possible with the standard adapter cables.
For SC multimode connections the optional Multimode Kit is required. ST,
FC/PC connections for single- and multimode are possible with the
optional adapters.
Achievable distances depend on the fiber cable quality. With a good cable,
you may reach up to 15 kilometers.
WARNING. Never look into the end of a fibreglass cable or a fibre which
could be connected to a laser source. Laser radiation can damage your
eyes because it is invisible and your pupils do not contract instinctively as
with normal bright light. If you think your eyes have been exposed to laser
radiation, you should have your eyes checked immediately by an eye
specialist. The optical output’s radiation power corresponds to the laser
class 1 in accordance with IEC 825-1, 11.93 and U.S. CDRH regulations.
CAUTION. Observe ESD safety regulations because otherwise wrong
measurement results could occur.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-65
Appendix A: Interfaces
LEDs. The four LEDs on the front panel show the state of the associated
ports:
Tx Rx
Tx
Tx
Rx
Rx
A-66
green
orange
green
red
Valid Tx signals
No signal
Valid Rx signals
No signal
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Specific Features. The firmware for PCE I board combinations with
STM-1 (Tx/Rx) optical line interfaces supports the following features:
H Supporting one (2 x STM-1/STS-3c ATM Tx/Rx) or two (4 x
STM-1/STS-3c ATM Tx/Rx) STM-1/OC-3c PCE I line interfaces
H Selection between SDH/SONET framing
H SDH/SONET OAM procedures and Performance Monitoring functions
at regenerator/multiplex section layer and VC-4/SPE-3c HO path layer
for path-terminating equipment (PTE)
H ATM cell adaptation for STM-1/STS-3c according to ITU
I.432.1/I.432.2 and ANSI T1.646-1995
H ATM cell header correction mode
H Idle cells (ITU I.432.1) or unassigned cells (ANSI-T1.627) as filler
cells
H User-Network Interface (UNI) and Network-Node Interface (NNI) as
ATM mode selectable
H Cell Shaping/scheduling per ATM interface within service categories
CBR, VBRnrt, VBRrt and UBR available per VCL (VPI/VCI); lowest
configurable cell rate for PCR/SCR is 87 cells/s (37 Kbit/s)
H Each ATM interface allows to open up to 44 ATM Tx VCL’s (VPI/VCI)
with a non-UBR service category. For Rx max. 4096 open ATM VCL’s
are supported simultaneously - available to all ATM interfaces
H Automatic handling of ATM OAM Fault Management (FM) cells with
emulation of OAM/FM functions for terminating ATM equipment
H Online AAL segmentation and reassembling for AAL5 CPCS (ITU
I.363.5), AAL2 SSSAR (ITU I.363.2 and ITU I.366.1) and AAL0 (raw
ATM cells)
H Optional AAL2 CPS layer shaping with maximum bit rate control for
Tx CID’s inside surrounding Tx VCL (VPI/VCI), lowest configurable
bit rate at AAL2 CPS SDU level is 1kBit/s increasing with (fixed) step
size of 1 Kbit/s up to 2 Mbit/s
H Maximum of 128 AAL5 CPCS or AAL0 Tx connections and 128
AAL2 SSSAR Tx CID’s for all ATM interfaces
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-67
Appendix A: Interfaces
H Support of 8192 AAL2 Rx CID’s simultaneously (over all ATM
interfaces)
H Comprehensive signal/error as well as performance statistics for Tx and
Rx at SDH/SONET layers, at ATM cell level and for all ATM
adaptation layers, separated (aggregated) for each physical interface,
ATM VCL (VPI/VCI) or AAL2 connection (CID)
A-68
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Applied Standards. With PCE I board combinations with STM-1 (Tx/Rx)
optical line interfaces you can monitor and simulate interfaces according
to the following standards:
H ITU-T, Recommendation G.707, Network node interface for the
synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH), 03/1996
H ITU-T, Recommendation G.783, Characteristic of synchronous digital
hierarchy (SDH) equipment functional blocks, 04/1997
H ANSI, T1.105-1995, SONET Basic Description including Multiplex
Structure, Rates, and Formats, 10/1995
H ANSI, T1.231-1997, Digital Hierarchy Layer 1 In-Service Digital
Transmission Performance Monitoring, 10/1997
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.432.1, B-ISDN user-network interfacePhysical layer specification: General characteristics, 02/1999
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.432.2, ISDN user-network interfaces Physical layer specification , 155 520 kbit/s and 622 080 kbit/s
operation, 08/1996
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.361, B-ISDN ATM layer specification,
02/1999
H ANSI, T1.646-1995, Broadband ISDN Physical Layer Specification for
User-Network Interfaces including DS1/ATM, 05/1995
H Bellcore, GR-1248-CORE, Generic Requirements for Operations of
ATM Network Elements, Issue 3, 08/1996
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.610, B-ISDN Operation and Maintenance
Principles and Functions, 02/1999
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.371, Traffic control and congestion control
in B-SDN, Draft Revised 02/2000
H ATM Forum, Traffic Management Specification V4.1, af-tm-0121.000,
04/1996
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.363.2, B-ISDN Adaptation layer specification: Type 2 AAL, 09/1997
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-69
Appendix A: Interfaces
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.366.1, Segmentation and Reassembly
Service Specific Sublayer for AAL Type 2, 09/1998
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.363.5, B-ISDN Adaptation layer specification: Type 5 AAL, 08/1996
A-70
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
STM-1 (Rx/Rx) Optical Line Interface
The STM-1 (Rx/Rx) optical line interface provides the following features:
H 155.520 Mbps ± 20 ppm
H ITU G.957-S1.1 optical
H ITU G.708
H SDH (SONET) section, line and path overhead processing
H 4 x Rx, sensitivity -3 to -28,5 dbm, 1200-1600 nm (single and
multimode)
Port A4 in LIF A or
Port B4 in LIF B
Port A3 in LIF A or
Port B3 in LIF B
Port A2 in LIF A or
Port B2 in LIF B
Port A1 in LIF A (installed on the left lower half of the PCE I board) or
Port B1 in LIF B (installed on the right upper half of the PCE I board)
Figure A–12: Front panel of the STM-1 (Rx/Rx) optical line interface
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-71
Appendix A: Interfaces
Each STM-1 (Rx/Rx) optical line interface provides 4 Rx ports for
monitoring 2 bidirectional lines. Each Rx port is a separate SC connector.
SC singlemode connections are possible with a standard SC-SC cable.
For SC multimode connections, the optional multimode fiber cables are
required.
ST, FC/PC connections for single- and multimode are possible using the
optional adapters.
WARNING. Never look into the end of a fibreglass cable or a fibre which
could be connected to a laser source. Laser radiation can damage your
eyes because it is invisible and your pupils do not contract instinctively as
with normal bright light. If you think your eyes have been exposed to laser
radiation, you should have your eyes checked immediately by an eye
doctor.
CAUTION. Observe ESD safety regulations because otherwise wrong
measurement results could occur.
A-72
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
LEDs. The four LEDs on the front panel show the state of the associated
Rx port:
1/3 2/4
1/3
1/3
2/4
2/4
green
orange
green
red
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Valid Rx signals
No signal
Valid Rx signals
No signal
A-73
Appendix A: Interfaces
Specific Features. The firmware for PCE I board combinations with
STM-1/SONET OC-3c line interfaces supports the following features:
H Supporting one (2 x STM-1/STS-3c ATM Rx/Rx) or two (4 x
STM-1/STS-3c ATM Rx/Rx) STM-1/OC-3c PCE I line interfaces
H Selection between SDH/SONET framing
H SDH/SONET OAM procedures and Performance Monitoring functions
at regenerator/multiplex section layer and VC-4/SPE-3c HO path layer
for path-terminating equipment (PTE)
H ATM cell adaptation for STM-1/STS-3c according ITU I.432.1/I.432.2
and ANSI T1.646-1995
H ATM cell header correction mode
H Idle cells (ITU I.432.1) or unassigned cells (ANSI-T1.627) as filler
cells
H User-Network Interface (UNI) and Network-Node Interface (NNI) as
ATM mode selectable
H Cell Shaping/scheduling per ATM interface within service categories
CBR, VBRnrt, VBRrt and UBR available per VCL (VPI/VCI); lowest
configurable cell rate for PCR/SCR is 87 cells/s (37 Kbit/s)
H Each ATM interface allows to open up to 44 ATM Tx VCL’s (VPI/VCI)
with a non-UBR service category. For Rx max. 4096 open ATM VCL’s
are supported simultaneously - available to all ATM interfaces
H Automatic handling of ATM OAM Fault Management (FM) cells with
emulation of OAM/FM functions for terminating ATM equipment
H Online AAL segmentation and reassembling for AAL5 CPCS (ITU
I.363.5), AAL2 SSSAR (ITU I.363.2 and ITU I.366.1) and AAL0 (raw
ATM cells)
H Optional AAL2 CPS layer shaping with maximum bit rate control for
Tx CID’s inside surrounding Tx VCL (VPI/VCI), lowest configurable
bit rate at AAL2 CPS SDU level is 1kBit/s increasing with (fixed) step
size of 1 Kbit/s up to 2 Mbit/s
H Maximum of 128 AAL5 CPCS or AAL0 Tx connections and 128
AAL2 SSSAR Tx CID’s for all ATM interfaces
A-74
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Appendix A: Interfaces
H Support of 8192 AAL2 Rx CID’s simultaneously (over all ATM
interfaces)
H Comprehensive signal/error as well as performance statistics for Tx and
Rx at SDH/SONET layers, at ATM cell level and for all ATM
adaptation layers, separated (aggregated) for each physical interface,
ATM VCL (VPI/VCI) or AAL2 connection (CID)
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-75
Appendix A: Interfaces
Applied Standards. With PCE I board combinations with STM-1/OC-3c line
interfaces you can monitor interfaces according to the following standards:
H ITU-T, Recommendation G.707, Network node interface for the
synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH), 03/1996
H ITU-T, Recommendation G.783, Characteristic of synchronous digital
hierarchy (SDH) equipment functional blocks, 04/1997
H ANSI, T1.105-1995, SONET Basic Description including Multiplex
Structure, Rates, and Formats, 10/1995
H ANSI, T1.231-1997, Digital Hierarchy Layer 1 In-Service Digital
Transmission Performance Monitoring, 10/1997
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.432.1, B-ISDN user-network interfacePhysical layer specification: General characteristics, 02/1999
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.432.2, ISDN user-network interfaces Physical layer specification , 155 520 kbit/s and 622 080 kbit/s
operation, 08/1996
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.361, B-ISDN ATM layer specification,
02/1999
H ANSI, T1.646-1995, Broadband ISDN Physical Layer Specification for
User-Network Interfaces including DS1/ATM, 05/1995
H Bellcore, GR-1248-CORE, Generic Requirements for Operations of
ATM Network Elements, Issue 3, 08/1996
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.610, B-ISDN Operation and Maintenance
Principles and Functions, 02/1999
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.371, Traffic control and congestion control
in B-SDN, Draft Revised 02/2000
H ATM Forum, Traffic Management Specification V4.1, af-tm-0121.000,
04/1996
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.363.2, B-ISDN Adaptation layer specification: Type 2 AAL, 09/1997
A-76
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Appendix A: Interfaces
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.366.1, Segmentation and Reassembly
Service Specific Sublayer for AAL Type 2, 09/1998
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.363.5, B-ISDN Adaptation layer specification: Type 5 AAL, 08/1996
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-77
Appendix A: Interfaces
Accessories for STM-1 Optical Line Interfaces
STM-1 (Tx/Rx). For these line interface modules you can order the following
cables and adapters as an option:
H 4 fiber optical cables, single mode, LC-SC
H 4 fiber optical adapters, single mode, SC-SC
Additionally, the following packages of cables and adapters are available:
H Multimode Kit:
2 fiber optical cables, single mode, LC-SC with 10 db attenuator and
2 fiber optical cables, multi mode, LC-SC in one package
H 4 fiber optical adapters, SC-ST, single mode
H 4 fiber optical adapters, SC-FC/PC, single mode
STM-1 (Rx/Rx). For these line interface modules you can order the following
cables and adapters as an option:
H 4 fiber optical cables, single mode, SC-SC
H 4 fiber optical cables, multi mode, SC-SC
H 4 fiber optical adapters, single mode, SC-SC
H 4 fiber optical adapters, SC-ST, single mode
H 4 fiber optical adapters, SC-FC/PC, single mode
A-78
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
E1/DS1/J1 (Tx/Rx) Line Interface
The E1/DS1/J1 (Tx/Rx) interface provides the following features:
H 2.048 Mbps ± 20 ppm (E1), 1.544 Mbps ± 50 ppm (DS1 and J1)
Software switchable between E1, DS1, and J1
H 75 asymmetrical (E1)
H 120 110 (J1), (DS1), all symmetrical
H ETSI ETS 300 019 Part 1-3, Class 1-3 for telecommunication centers:
Operational and nonoperational environment, vibration
H AF-PHY-0086.001; Inverse Multiplexing for ATM (needs to be
supported by optional software)
H Able to simulate ATM data on 4 E1/DS1/J1 lines
H Able to monitor ATM data on 2 bi-directional E1/DS1/J1 lines
H One 25-pin D-sub connector, containing 4 Tx/Rx lines
(75 asymmetrical, 100-120 symmetrical)
H One 15-pin D-sub connector, for future use
Ports A1, A2, A3, A4 in LIF A (installed on the left half of the PCE I board) or
Ports B1, B2, B3, B4 in LIF B (installed on the right half of the PCE I board)
Figure A–13: Front panel of the E1/DS1/J1 (Tx/Rx) line interface
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-79
Appendix A: Interfaces
Each E1/DS1/J1 (Tx/Rx) line interface has 4 independent simulation
(Tx/Rx) ports. The 4 Rx ports can also be used for monitoring 2 bidirectional lines.
CAUTION. Observe ESD safety regulations because otherwise wrong
measurement results could occur.
A-80
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Connectors. The following connectors are available:
14
13
1
Table A–39: 25-pin D-sub connector
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
not connected
14
not connected
2
not connected
15
Tx 4-
3
Tx 4+
16
Rx 4-
4
Rx 4+
17
Tx 3-
5
Tx 3+
18
Rx 3-
6
Rx 3+
19
not connected
7
not connected
20
not connected
8
not connected
21
Tx 2-
9
Tx 2+
22
Rx 2-
10
Rx 2+
23
Tx 1-
11
Tx 1+
24
Rx 1-
12
Rx 1+
25
not connected
13
not connected
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-81
Appendix A: Interfaces
The 15-pin D-sub connector is a proprietary connector for future use (not
yet supported).
5
1
6
15
11
CAUTION. Do not connect external devices to this connector. Always,
protect this connector with the delivered cap.
LEDs. The two LEDs on the front panel have the following meaning:
H LED 1 is reserved for future use.
H LED 2 indicates the status of the line interface.
Table A–40: LED status E1/DS1/J1 (Rx/Tx) line interface module
A-82
State Indication
LED 1
LED 2
After power up
orange
orange
Initialization
orange
orange / shortly red after reset
In operation
off
green
Failure
red
orange / red
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Specific Features. The firmware for PCE I board combinations with
E1/DS1/J1 (Tx/Rx) line interfaces supports the following features:
H Supporting one (4 x E1/DS1/J1 ATM Tx/Rx) or two (8 x E1/DS1/J1
ATM Tx/Rx) E1/DS1/J1 PCE I line interfaces
H ATM cell adaptation according to ITU-T I.432.1 and ITU-T I.432.3
H Idle cells (ITU-T I.432.1) or unassigned cells (ANSI-T1.627) as filler
cells
H User-Network Interface (UNI) and Network-Node Interface (NNI) as
ATM mode selectable
H Cell Shaping/scheduling per ATM interface within service categories
CBR, VBRnrt, VBRrt and UBR available per VCL (VPI/VCI); lowest
configurable cell rate for PCR/SCR is 9 cells/s (4 Kbit/s)
H Each ATM line interface allows to open up to 88 ATM Tx VCL’s
(VPI/VCI) with a non-UBR service category (over all 4 ATM interfaces
of one line interface). For Rx max. 4096 open ATM VCL’s are
supported simultaneously - available to all ATM interfaces.
H Automatic handling of ATM OAM Fault Management (FM) cells with
emulation of OAM/FM functions for terminating ATM equipment
H Online AAL segmentation and reassembling for AAL5 CPCS (ITU-T
I.363.5), AAL2 SSSAR (ITU-T I.363.2 and ITU-T I.366.1) and AAL0
(raw ATM cells)
H Optional AAL2 CPS layer shaping with maximum bit rate control for
Tx CID’s inside surrounding Tx VCL (VPI/VCI), lowest configurable
bit rate at AAL2 CPS SDU level is 1kBit/s increasing with (fixed) step
size of 1 kbit/s up to 2 Mbit/s
H Maximum of 128 AAL5 CPCS or AAL0 Tx connections and 128
AAL2 SSSAR Tx CID’s for all ATM interfaces
H Support of 8192 AAL2 Rx CID’s simultaneously (over all ATM
interfaces)
H Comprehensive signal/error as well as performance statistics for Tx and
Rx at synchronous frame structure layers, at ATM cell level and for all
ATM adaptation layers, separated (aggregated) for each physical
interface, ATM VCL (VPI/VCI) or AAL2 connection (CID)
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-83
Appendix A: Interfaces
Applied Standards. With PCE I board combinations with E1/DS1/J1 (Tx/Rx)
line interfaces you can monitor interfaces according to the following
standards:
H ITU-T, Recommendation G.703, Physical/electrical characteristics of
hierarchical digital interfaces, 10/1998
H ITU-T, Recommendation G.704, Synchronous frame structure used at
1544, 6312, 2048, 8448 and 44746 kbit/s hierarchical levels, 10/1998
H TTC, JT-G.703 (J1 specification)
H ITU-T, Recommendation G.775, Loss of Signal (LOS), Alarm
Indication Signal (AIS) and Remote Defect Indication (RDI) defect
detection and clearance criteria for PDH signals, 10/1998
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.431, Primary rate user-network interface Layer 1 specification, 03/93
H TTC, JT-I.431 (J1 specification)
H ANSI, T1.403-1995, Network and Customer Installation Interfaces DS1 Electrical Interface, 1995
H ANSI, T1.408-1990, Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)
Primary Rate - Customer Installation Metallic Interfaces Layer 1
Specification, 09/1990
H ANSI, T1.231-1997, Digital Hierarchy Layer 1 In-Service Digital
Transmission Performance Monitoring, 10/1997
H ITU-T, Recommendation G.823, The control of jitter and wander
within digital networks which are based on the 2048 kbit/s hierarchy,
03/2000
H ITU-T, Recommendation G.804, ATM cell mapping into Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy (PDH), 02/1998
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.432.1, B-ISDN user-network interface Physical layer specification: General characteristics, 02/1999
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.432.3, B-ISDN user-network interfaces Physical layer specification: 1544 kbit/s and 2048 kbit/s operation,
02/1999
A-84
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Appendix A: Interfaces
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.361, B-ISDN ATM layer specification,
02/1999
H ANSI, T1.646-1995, Broadband ISDN Physical Layer Specification for
User-Network Interfaces including DS1/ATM, 05/1995
H Bellcore, GR-1248-CORE, Generic Requirements for Operations of
ATM Network Elements, Issue 3, 08/1996
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.610, B-ISDN Operation and Maintenance
Principles and Functions, 02/1999
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.371, Traffic control and congestion control
in B-SDN, Draft Revised 02/2000
H ATM Forum, Traffic Management Specification V4.1, af-tm-0121.000,
04/1996
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.363.2, B-ISDN Adaptation layer specification: Type 2 AAL, 09/1997
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.366.1, Segmentation and Reassembly
Service Specific Sublayer for AAL Type 2, 09/1998
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.363.5, B-ISDN Adaptation layer specification: Type 5 AAL, 08/1996
H ATM Forum AF-PHY-086-001, Inverse Multiplexing for ATM, V1.1
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-85
Appendix A: Interfaces
Accessories for the E1/DS1/J1 (Tx/Rx) Electrical Line Interfaces
For the E1/DS1/J1 (Tx/Rx) line interface modules the following cables and
adapters are available:
H Adapter cable D-sub25 – D-sub9, 3m, balanced, 120 H Connecting cable D-sub25 – Bantam, 3m, balanced, 120 H Connecting cable D-sub25 – Open ends, 3m, balanced, 120 H Connecting cable D-sub25 – Coax 1.6/5.6, 3m, unbalanced, 75 NOTE. For more information take a look into the WWW under
Tektronix.com at our Cable and Accessory Guide or contact our local
sales partner.
A-86
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Appendix A: Interfaces
E1/DS1/J1 (Rx/Rx) Electrical Line Interface
The E1/DS1/J1 line interface provides the following features:
H 2.048 Mbps ± 20 ppm (E1), 1.544 Mbps ± 50 ppm (DS1 and J1)
Software switchable between E1, DS1, and J1
H 75 asymmetrical (E1)
H 120 110 (J1), (DS1), all symmetrical
H ETSI ETS 300 019 Part 1-3, Class 1-3 for telecommunication centers:
Operational and nonoperational environment, vibration
H AF-PHY-0086.001; Inverse Multiplexing for ATM (needs to be
supported by optional software)
H Able to monitor ATM data on 4 bi-directional E1/DS1/J1 lines
H Two 15-pin D-Sub connectors, each one contains 4 Rx lines
(75 asymmetrical, 100-120 symmetrical)
Ports A2-1, A2-2, A2-3, A2-4 in LIF A or
Ports B2-1, B2-2, B2-3, B2-4 in LIF B
Ports A1-1, A1-2, A1-3, A1-4 in LIF A
(installed on the left –lower – half of the PCE I board) or
Ports B1-1, B1-2, B1-3, B1-4 in LIF B
(installed on the right – upper – half of the PCE I board)
Figure A–14: Front panel of the E1/DS1/J1 (Rx/Rx) electrical line interface
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-87
Appendix A: Interfaces
Each E1/DS1/J1 (Rx/Rx) ATM line interface has 8 Rx ports for monitoring
4 bidirectional lines.
CAUTION. Observe ESD safety regulations because otherwise wrong
measurement results could occur.
A-88
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Connectors. Two 15-pin D-sub connectors are available:
9
8
1
Table A–41: Pin Assignment for the 15-pin D-sub Connector
Pin
Assignment
Pin
Assignment
1
Not connected
9
Not connected
2
Rx0 (Tip)
10
Rx0 (Ring)
3
Rx1 (Tip)
11
Rx1 (Ring)
4
Not connected
12
Not connected
5
Not connected
13
Rx2 (Tip)
6
Rx2 (Ring)
14
Rx3 (Tip)
7
Rx3 (Ring)
15
Not connected
8
Not connected
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A-89
Appendix A: Interfaces
LEDs. The two LEDs on the front panel show the progress of initialization
during the boot process:
H LED 1 is reserved for future use.
H LED 2 indicates the status of the line interface.
Table A–42: LED Status: E1/DS1/J1 (Rx/Rx) Line Interface Module
A-90
State indication
LED 1
LED 2
After power up
orange
orange
Initialization
orange
orange /shortly after red
In operation
off
green
Failure
orange / red
orange / red
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Specific Features. The firmware for PCE I board combinations with
E1/DS1/J1 (Rx/Rx) electrical line interfaces supports the following
features:
H Supporting one (4 x E1/DS1/J1 ATM Rx/Rx) or two (8 x E1/DS1/J1
ATM Tx/Rx) E1/DS1/J1 PCE I line interfaces
H ATM cell delineation according to ITU-T I.432.1 and ITU-T I.432.3
H User-Network Interface (UNI) and Network-Node Interface (NNI) as
ATM mode selectable
H Max. 4096 open ATM VCL’s are supported simultaneously - available
to all ATM interfaces.
H Online AAL reassembling for AAL5 CPCS (ITU-T I.363.5), AAL2
SSSAR (ITU-T I.363.2 and ITU-T I.366.1) and AAL0 (raw ATM cells)
H Support of 8192 AAL2 Rx CID’s simultaneously (over all ATM
interfaces)
H Comprehensive signal/error as well as performance statistics for Rx at
physical layers, at ATM cell level and for all ATM adaptation layers,
separated (aggregated) for each physical interface, ATM VCL
(VPI/VCI) or AAL2 connection (CID)
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-91
Appendix A: Interfaces
Applied Standards. With PCE I board combinations with E1/DS1/J1
(Rx/Rx) monitor line interfaces you can monitor interfaces according to
the following standards:
H ITU-T, Recommendation G.703, Physical/electrical characteristics of
hierarchical digital interfaces, 10/1998
H ITU-T, Recommendation G.704, Synchronous frame structure used at
1544, 6312, 2048, 8448 and 44746 kbit/s hierarchical levels, 10/1998
H TTC, JT-G.703 (J1 specification)
H ITU-T, Recommendation G.775, Loss of Signal (LOS), Alarm
Indication Signal (AIS) and Remote Defect Indication (RDI) defect
detection and clearance criteria for PDH signals, 10/1998
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.431, Primary rate user-network interface Layer 1 specification, 03/93
H TTC, JT-I.431 (J1 specification)
H ANSI, T1.403-1995, Network and Customer Installation Interfaces DS1 Electrical Interface, 1995
H ANSI, T1.408-1990, Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)
Primary Rate - Customer Installation Metallic Interfaces Layer 1
Specification, 09/1990
H ANSI, T1.231-1997, Digital Hierarchy Layer 1 In-Service Digital
Transmission Performance Monitoring, 10/1997
H ITU-T, Recommendation G.823, The control of jitter and wander
within digital networks which are based on the 2048 kbit/s hierarchy,
03/2000
H ITU-T, Recommendation G.804, ATM cell mapping into Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy (PDH), 02/1998
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.432.1, B-ISDN user-network interface Physical layer specification: General characteristics, 02/1999
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.432.3, B-ISDN user-network interfaces Physical layer specification: 1544 kbit/s and 2048 kbit/s operation,
02/1999
A-92
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Appendix A: Interfaces
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.361, B-ISDN ATM layer specification,
02/1999
H ANSI, T1.646-1995, Broadband ISDN Physical Layer Specification for
User-Network Interfaces including DS1/ATM, 05/1995
H Bellcore, GR-1248-CORE, Generic Requirements for Operations of
ATM Network Elements, Issue 3, 08/1996
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.363.2, B-ISDN Adaptation layer specification: Type 2 AAL, 09/1997
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.366.1, Segmentation and Reassembly
Service Specific Sublayer for AAL Type 2, 09/1998
H ITU-T, Recommendation I.363.5, B-ISDN Adaptation layer specification: Type 5 AAL, 08/1996
H ATM Forum AF-PHY-086-001, Inverse Multiplexing for ATM, V1.1
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-93
Appendix A: Interfaces
Accessories for the E1/DS1/J1 (Rx/Rx) Electrical Line Interfaces
For the E1/DS1/J1 (Rx/Rx) line interface modules, the following cables
and adapters are available:
H Adapter cable D-sub15 – D-sub9, 0.2 m, balanced, 120 H Monitoring cable D-sub15 – Bantam, 3m, balanced, 120 H Monitoring cable D-sub15 – Open ends, 3m, balanced, 120 H Monitoring cable D-sub15 –Coax 1.6/5.6 3m, unbalanced, 75 H Monitoring cable D-sub25 – Siemens connector, 3m, balanced, 120 H Monitoring RJ45 connector
NOTE. For more information take a look into the WWW under
Tektronix.com at our Cable and Accessory Guide or contact our local
sales partner.
A-94
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix A: Interfaces
Defining CPU Numbers
The following section describes how to define CPU numbers (VME bus
addresses) if you work with a second Ethernet board consisting of a
Power-PC board plus hooked up mezzanines. Only an experienced service
technician should perform this setting procedure.
CAUTION. The following steps must be performed at an ESD approved
workplace. Electrostatic discharge can permanently destroy components
that have to be temporarily removed from your device.
In order to operate several Ethernet boards within one K1297, the default
CPU numbers of the second (third, fourth) board have to be changed.
Before operating additional Ethernet boards, proceed as follows:
1. Check that the address is set correctly for each board. Typical addresses
are as follows:
Table A–43: Ethernet boards: address settings
Board
Address
1st Ethernet board
07 (with 08 implicitly); no changing necessary
2nd Ethernet board
05 (with 06 implicitly)
3rd Ethernet board
03 (with 04 implicitly)
NOTE. Before setting CPU numbers check that the new number is not used
by another board. Set each CPU number only once.
The CPU numbers being stored within NVRAM of the Ethernet board are
an integral part of the CPU’s bootline. You can modify this bootline as
described in the following.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
A-95
Appendix A: Interfaces
2. To check the used CPU numbers, open the K1297-G20 Status Window
via the appropriate button in the toolbar.
Write down the CPU numbers displayed in square brackets in order to
identify which numbers are free for addressing.
Not all displayed and existing CPU numbers are free for defining new
CPU numbers. Additional restrictions are listed in the Caution
statement below.
CPU #7 is the currently installed Ethernet board.
3. Now you can change the default CPU number for example to #3 by
entering the following command via Start: Run:
ntterm 7
This command will open a window that gives you basic access to the
VxWorks operating system. Enter the command bootChange and
press the return key until you see:
processor number : 7
Enter 3 on the same line and press the return key until the prompt (->)
reappears.
CAUTION. Due to hardware restrictions it is not possible to use odd
numbers on a ETH-100 board if the number + 1 is used in the system. In
other words, do not use #7 if there is a #8 CPU in the system.
The same applies to the PC-Board CPU, which is CPU #9; #10 cannot be
used for any board!
Example:
If there is no board with #3 or #4, you can use #3 or #4 for ETH-100.
Now you have changed the default CPU number. Therefore #7 and #8
are no longer in use and you may insert your new ETH-100 board,
which will now become the new CPU #7.
A-96
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix B: Keyboards
For versions with separate keyboard
Your test was shipped with a Compact keyboard and a PS/2 Y adapter
cable. Follow these steps to use the keyboard with the tester:
1. Plug the mouse and keyboard connectors from the Y adapter into the
the keyboard.
2. Plug the Y adapter into the PS/2 interface, using the connector with the
arrow sign. The PS/2 interface is located on the rear of the tester, on the
CPU board.
3. If the keyboard does not work, unplug the Y adapter cable from the
keyboard and swap the mouse connection with the keyboard
connection.
NOTE. See the User Manual (Model ML 4400, ML 4400 USB) which is
enclosed with the keyboard for installation, operating, technical data, care
and maintenance, troubleshooting, general advice and CE declaration of
conformity.
For versions with integrated keyboard
After the device is switched on, the keyboard LEDs light up twice; the
keyboard is now ready for operation.
All keys are repeat-action keys; the character repeats automatically if you
hold down the key.
The keyboard features several key groups and key rows with the following:
H Alphanumeric keys
H Function keys
H Cursor keys
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
B-1
Appendix B: Keyboard
H Integrated numeric keypad (with K1297 Compact the numeric keys are
part of the alphanumeric keypad)
The different key groups are described in detail on the following pages.
Further information on language support, the trackball and how to connect
an external mouse are also provided.
Alphanumeric Keypad
The largest keypad is the alphanumeric keypad with keys for letters,
numbers and special characters. The character arrangement mainly
corresponds to a normal typewriter keyboard. In addition there are some
keys that have certain special functions.
The keyboard is international and labelled in localized form.
Keyboard assignment
Shift
Unshift
localized
... for example German
?
Type height reduced
ß <
together with
Alt–Gr
The functions of the special keys in the alphanumeric keypad are described
in Table B-1.
B-2
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix B: Keyboard
The special keys in the alphanumeric keypad have the following functions:
Table B–1: Special keys
Key
Function
|<->|
The tabulators move the cursor to the left or right
according to the tabulator positions.
CAPS
LOCK
If the caps lock key is pressed, an LED display lights up.
Capital letters are used; all other characters remain
normal. If you want to enter lowercase letters, you must
press the SHIFT key.
CTRL
This control key is used only in combination with other
keys; CTRL+ALT+DEL for example restarts the
operating system. The online help describes situations in
which CTRL is used.
Fn
This key activates the special function of a multi-labelled
key. The special function, for example Num, is printed in
rimmed form on the key.
ALT
This key is used only in combination with other keys: for
example, you can enter the hex value of an ASCII
character (as well as additional special characters) in
combination with the numeric keypad.
ALT-GR
This key is used only in combination with other keys to
generate further key codes.
<-
The backspace key moves the cursor by one position to
the left and deletes the character.
<-/
The RETURN or ENTER key is mainly used to end a
command line. This means the command entered is
carried out after pressing this key.
PRINT
This key is used to print the current screen on a
connected printer in real MS-DOS mode.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
B-3
Appendix B: Keyboard
Table B–1: Special keys (Cont.)
Key
Function
PAUSE
This key causes the program session to pause in
Command Prompt.
NUM
K1297: The numeric keypad switches from cursor control
to numeric keys via this key; an LED lights up. Pressing
the key again clears this function.
K1297 Compact:: You have to press key Fn and key
NUM first..
Function Keys
Twelve programmable function keys are arranged in the top row of the
keyboard. The assignment of these keys depends on the software.
The key combination CTRL+ALT+DEL does not automatically reboot the
PC. Instead a secure attention sequence (SAS) occurs which allows you to
logoff, reboot, change the password, start the task manager, or lock the PC.
The following overview shows possible key combinations:
Table B–2: Function keys and key combinations
B-4
Keys
Function
CTRL+ALT+DEL
This key combination triggers a warm start.
Fn+<Tilde key>
This key combination switches the trackball on or off.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix B: Keyboard
Cursor Keys
The following cursor keys are available:
Table B–3: Cursor keys
Key
Function
HOME
This key moves the cursor to the beginning (under
MS-DOS and in some Windows applications).
PAGE
This key scrolls backwards and forwards.
END
This key moves the cursor to the end (under MS-DOS
and in some Windows applications).
<Arrow keys>
These keys moves the cursor: up, down, left, right.
Numeric Keypad, Numeric Keys
To switch on the integrated numeric keys, press Fn+Num. Press any other
key, to clear this function.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
B-5
Appendix B: Keyboard
Language Support
The device is pre-configured with two selectable keyboard layouts:
H EN English (United States), Layout: US
H DE German (Standard), Layout: German, IBM
In the corner opposite of the Start button of the taskbar you either see
EN or DE for the active keyboard layout.
The German IBM layout is different from the usual German PC keyboard
layout. The <CAPS-LOCK> key only shifts the alphabetic character keys
and no decimal digits or punctuation characters.
You can temporarily change the keyboard layout by pressing
<ALT>+<LEFT-SHIFT> . To change the keyboard layout permanently,
proceed as follows:
1. Click on Start: Settings.
2. Click on Control Panel.
3. Double-click on Keyboard.
4. Click on the tab Input Locales.
5. Select from the list and press Set as Default.
B-6
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix B: Keyboard
Trackball
The trackball is used to control the cursor and the menu. The cursor can be
moved to any position on the screen by moving the trackball.
Characters or words are highlighted by pressing the left trackball key. The
assignment of the right trackball key depends on the user program. Using
the trackball, you can select objects, edit menus and trigger functions.
The trackball is covered by a housing that usually protects the ball and the
transmission mechanism from dust. However, the ball should be cleaned at
regular intervals. Proceed as follows:
1. Remove the cover from the ball housing by turning it counter-clockwise. You can use a pair of tweezers, for example, which you put into
the holes on the ring. Then you can take the ball out of the housing.
2. Clean the ball with tap water and a mild detergent. Blow the remaining
dust out of the ball housing and put the ball back in.
3. Then put the cover back on and tighten it.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
B-7
Appendix B: Keyboard
Connecting an External Mouse
If you want to connect an external mouse (serial mouse) and use it instead
of the built-in trackball, proceed as follows:
1. Shut down and switch off the device.
2. Connect the external mouse to the COM1 interface.
3. Switch on the device. The system restarts.
NOTE. Do not change the mouse driver via the Control Panel applet. This
could make the keyboard unusable.
Deactivating an External Mouse
If you connected an external mouse and you want to use the trackball
again, proceed as follows:
1. Shut down and switch off the device.
2. Disconnect the mouse from the serial port.
3. Restart the device.
B-8
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix C: Specifications
The following specifications list the technical data of the K1297 system
unit, of the K1297 Compact system unit, and of the measurement unit.
A Certifications and Compliances section concludes this chapter.
System Unit: K1297
The K1297 Protocol Tester is a portable protocol analyzer with integrated
color TFT color display and keyboard.
The K1297 consists of an AT compatible PC system and a VME bus
system in a single housing. Various measurement interface modules can be
plugged to the VME bus system. Up to four interface boards can be freely
configured and run simultaneously.
Table C–1: Environmental conditions
Temperature range
Operating: 5_C to 40_C
Non-operating: -20_C to +55_C
Relative humidity
Operating: up to 80 % below 30_C, derate to 45 % at
40_C, non-condensing
Non-operating: up to 90 % below 30_C, derate to 60 %
at 20_C, non-condensing
Altitude
Operating: 0 to 3000 m
Non-operating:0 to 12 000 m
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
C-1
Appendix C: Specifications
Table C–2: Dimensions
Width
400 mm
Height
321 mm
Depth
275 mm
Weight
Approximately 14 to 18 kg (depending on configuration
level)
Table C–3: Power supply
C-2
Line adapter
Safety class 1 (protective grounding)
Line voltage
Rated range of use 100 .. 240 V, 10%
Line frequency
Rated range of use 50/60 Hz, -6% to +5%
Power consumption
Maximum value 650 VA
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix C: Specifications
Table C–4: Hardware
Central computer
Intel Pentium CPU
133 MHz
64 MB RAM
Connections
PS2 keyboard interface
Serial interface (COM1)
USB 1.1 interface
LPT interface
VGA (external monitor)
Ethernet (10BaseT,/100BaseTx),
4 USB 2.0 High–Speed interfaces
Analog stereo output
Analog stero input
Analog mono input
SCSI
Display
TFT (Thin Film Transistor)
External screen interface
Mass memory
SCSI hard disk drive ( 2 GByte formatted total
capacity, access time < 11ms or better)
3.5’’ floppy disk drive (1.44 MB formatted overall
capacity)
External CD-RW drive (option)
Keyboard
PS/2 compatible keyboard
Trackball
Table C–5: System Software
System software
Operating system: Microsoft Windows XP Embedded
Application system: Proprietary multi-tasking operating
system based on VX-Works O/S-kernels
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
C-3
Appendix C: Specifications
System Unit: K1297 Compact
The K1297 Compact Protocol Tester is a portable protocol analyzer with
integrated TFT color display and keyboard.
The K1297 consists of an AT compatible PC system and a VME bus
system in a single housing. Various measurement interface modules can be
plugged to the VME bus system. Up to three interface boards can be freely
configured and run simultaneously.
Table C–6: Environmental conditions
Temperature range
Operating: 5_C to 40_C
Non-operating: -20_C to +55_C
Relative humidity
Operating: up to 80 % below 30_C, derate to 45 % at
40_C, non-condensing
Non-operating: up to 90 % below 30_C, derate to 60 %
at 20_C, non-condensing
Altitude
C-4
Operating: 0 to 3000 m
Non-operating:0 to 12 000 m
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix C: Specifications
Table C–7: Dimensions
Width
288 mm (without handle)
Height
344 mm (without handle)
Depth
190 mm (without handle)
Weight
8 to 10 kg (depending on equipment)
Table C–8: Power supply
Line adapter
Safety class 1 (protective grounding)
Line voltage
Rated range of use 100 .. 240 V, 10%
Line frequency
Rated range of use 50/60 Hz, -6% to +5%
Power consumption
Maximum value 460 VA
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
C-5
Appendix C: Specifications
Table C–9: Hardware
Central computer
Intel Pentium CPU
133 MHz
64 MB RAM
Connections
PS2 keyboard interface
Serial interface (COM1)
USB 1.1 interface
LPT interface
VGA (external monitor)
Ethernet (10BaseT,/100BaseTx),
4 USB 2.0 High–Speed interfaces
Analog stereo output
Analog stero input
Analog mono input
SCSI
Display
TFT (Thin Film Transistor)
External screen interface
Mass memory
SCSI hard disk drive ( 2 GByte formatted total
capacity, access time < 11ms or better)
3.5’’ floppy disk drive (1.44 MB formatted overall
capacity)
External CD-ROM drive (option)
Keyboard
PS/2 compatible keyboard
Trackball
Table C–10: System software
System software
C-6
Operating system: Microsoft Windows XP Embedded
Application system: Proprietary multi-tasking operating
system based on VX-Works O/S-kernels
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix C: Specifications
Measurement Unit
Table C–11: Measurement unit: hardware
VME-bus backplane
8 layers with automatic daisy chain
8 VME slots:
slot 1 for system computer,
slots 2 to 4 for application processors and extensions,
slots 5 to 8 for interface modules
Application processor
AP-4
Power PC 750, 350 MHz, 1 MB L 2 Cache,
64 MB RAM
with the following connectors:
1 x RJ45 Serial
1 x RJ45 10-BaseT/100-BaseTx Ethernet
Application processor
AP-4/256
Power PC 750, 350 MHz, 1 MB L 2 Cache,
256 MB RAM
with the following connectors:
1 x RJ45 Serial
1 x RJ45 10-BaseT/100-BaseTx Ethernet
Interface modules
CPU 68EC040 (25 MHz) with up to 32 MByte RAM
PRIME: two additional RISC processors 68360 (QUICC)
for I/O tasks
PRIMO: four additional RISC processors 68360
(QUICC) for I/O tasks
E1/DS1 Emulation board
(PRIME)
Interface module for performing measurements on
PCM 30 lines (2.048 Mbit/s) and PCM 24 lines (1.544
Mbit/s) with the following connectors:
4 x emulation/simulation or
2 x monitoring (duplex)
E1/DS1 Monitoring board
(PRIMO)
Interface board for performing measurements on
PCM 30 and PCM 24 lines with the following connectors:
4 x monitoring (duplex)
BAI S0
Interface module for performing measurements on ISDN
S0 lines with the following connectors:
4 x emulation/simulation or
2 x monitoring (duplex)
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
C-7
Appendix C: Specifications
Table C–11: Measurement unit: hardware (Cont.)
C-8
BAI U2B1Q
Interface module for performing measurements on ISDN
U2B1Q lines with the following connectors:
4 x emulation/simulation or
2 x monitoring (duplex)
Ethernet
The Ethernet modules comply with the IEEE 802.3 for
10BaseT and 100BaseTx:
64 MB RAM
2 x emulation / simulation
2 x monitoring (duplex) or
4 x monitoring (half-duplex)
ATM PCE I
Board combination with one or two line interfaces for
performing measurements on STM1 or E1/DS1/J1 lines
with the following connectors:
4 x emulation/simulation or
2 x monitoring (duplex)
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix C: Specifications
Table C–12: Application system software
Application system software
Menu
Operator control of the K1297 Protocol Tester is
supported by a dialog-driven command sequence, which
comprises a structured menu system in Windows and a
higher programming language. Commands can be
entered via command lines, menu inputs or with
programmable function keys.
Protocol testing
The K1297 provides all the tools required for passive
monitoring and interactive protocol testing.
Operational features
Report generation
Decodes of level/layer 1 to 7 by length:
off, short, medium (several densities), complete; by code:
hexadecimal, decimal, character (ASCII, EBCDIC),
mnemonic
Block or time: Split screen for separation of user/network
side data
Time stamps
Transmit and receive data and signal state changes of
control lines are provided with time stamps. Resolution:
min. 1 µs, accuracy: min 125 µs
Data acquisition
Data signals can be acquired and passed on to three
destinations at the same time:
Capture buffer (configurable from 64 kByte to several
MBytes), Monitor, Floppy or hard disk
Filter/trigger
Separate filters for screen issue, disk recording, Capture
RAM; filters for interface events, frame events and trace
messages; up to four independent triggers; triggering on
interface events, frame events, time, full Capture RAM,
full disk
Disk functions
Data recording in wrap and full mode; data playback;
direction of data in capture RAM to disk and vice versa
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
C-9
Appendix C: Specifications
Table C–12: Application system software (Cont.)
Simulation features
Layer 1
Blue and yellow alarm;
Framing bits, international bit, SI 1 / 2 bit, national bits,
idle character; error generation (Bipolar violation, CRC
error, Frame error, Multiframe error) not implemented yet
Layer 2
Establishment/release;
Sending of frames with various settings;
Frame discarding;
Busy condition simulation
Layer 2 initialisation
Address, state variables, counters, window size,
states, flags, timers
Address management
Simulation of identity request, identity assigned, identity
denied, identity check request, identity remove, send XID
frame
Message building
system
SS#7 level 2 MTP and upwards, ISDN layer 3
Fully menu controlled creation and storage of frames and
messages, user and application parts in message pools:
editing in HEX and mnemonic form, pasting of messages
from monitor to message pool, display of generated
messages, renaming, deletion and insertion of messages
in pool, auto and manual mode for information element
sequencing
C-10
Level 3 link setup
Exchange of SS#7 SLTM/SLTA messages
Simulation principle
The SDL-style test manager utilizes the state machine
concept (cf. CCITT Z.101 to 104, SDL) for protocol
simulation and performing interactive tests with triggers
and data filters. The elements of the state machine
include among other things: Current state, actions to be
executed, state changes, follow-up state
Test manager
Up to eight independent test managers per application;
SDL style programming;
Up to 256 states per test manager;
Test manager status window with state, level 2/layer 2
address information and Layer 3 CR/PD information
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix C: Specifications
Table C–12: Application system software (Cont.)
Simulation features
Status windows
(depending on
application)
Layer 2 connection parameters;
MDL error indication error code table;
Commands for change of layer 2 variables;
Contents of data fields
Link usage module
(depending on
application software)
Graphical and tabular representation over time:
Up to four graphs in parallel,
Freely assignable graphs,
Graphs in count(s), length, percentage of count(s)/bytes,
Scaling linear or logarithmic,
Table for all frame/message types,
Counts: latest, max, min, last 30 seconds,
Adjustable measurement duration
Setup
Various items can be set up, saved and loaded again for
example data capturing mode (full/wrap); interface:
number of interface, port selection on interface,
impedance (120 , 75 , high), framing format (PCM double
framing, Multiframing with and without CRC4); line code
(e.g. HDB3, AMI); bit inversion yes/no; time slot number;
interface mode (user, network, drop & insert); type of
layer 3 protocol (e.g. ITU-T, ETSI, ANSI, national, vendor
specific); installation of TTCN environment and loading of
executable test suites; editing of link names and colors
Print function
Printing of capture RAM contents, recording files,
message pools; print function interfaces with MS-Windows print function
Data transfer rates
Depending on version: 8 kbit/s,16 kbit/s, 56 kbit/s, 64
kbit/s or multiples with internal or derived clocks
Error testing
Depending on version: CRC-4, CRC-16, VRC/LRC
Parities
Depending on version: Odd, even, none, ignore
Data codes
Depending on version: ASCII, EBCDIC, HEX, binary,
raw data
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
C-11
Appendix C: Specifications
Table C–12: Application system software (Cont.)
Simulation features
C-12
Counters
Unlimited number of programmable counters (depending
on RAM capacity)
Timers
128 programmable software timers, resolution 20ms
Self-test
The system software comprises extensive self-test
programs that run automatically after the system has
been switched on.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix C: Specifications
Certifications and Compliances
Table C–13: Certifications and compliances
Category
Standards or description
EC Declaration of
Conformity - EMC*
Meets intent of Directive 89/336/EEC for Electromagnetic
Compatibility. Compliance was demonstrated to the following
specifications as listed in the Official Journal of the European
Communities:
EN 61326
EMC requirements for Class A
electrical equipment for measurement,
control and laboratory use.
IEC 61000-4-2
Electrostatic discharge immunity
(Performance Criterion B)
IEC 61000-4-3 RF electromagnetic field immunity
(Performance Criterion A)
IEC 61000-4-4 Electrical fast transient / burst
immunity
(Performance Criterion B)
IEC 61000-4-5 Power line surge immunity
(Performance Criterion B)
IEC 61000-4-6 Conducted RF immunity
(Performance Criterion A)
IEC 61000-4-11 Voltage dips and interruptions
immunity (Performance Criterion B)
EN 61000-3-2
EN 61000-3-3
AC power line harmonic emissions
Flicker
Australia / New Zea- Complies with EMC provision of Radiocommunications Act per
land Declaration of
the following standard(s):
Conformity - EMC
AS/NZS 2064.1/2
Industrial, Scientific, and Medical
Equipment: 1992
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
C-13
Appendix C: Specifications
Table C–13: Certifications and compliances (Cont.)
Category
Standards or description
EC Declaration of
Conformity Low Voltage
Compliance was demonstrated to the following specification as
listed in the Official Journal of the European Communities:
Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC as amended by 93/68/EEC
EN 61010-1/A2: 1995
Safety requirements for electrical
equipment for measurement, control,
and laboratory use
U.S. Nationally
Recognized Testing
Laboratory Listing
Only for devices with UL symbol on the back of the housing:
Canadian
Certification
Only for devices with UL symbol on the back of the housing:
Installation (Overvoltage) Category
Overvoltage Category II (as defined in IEC 61010-1, Annex J)
Pollution Degree
Pollution Degree 2 (as defined in IEC 61010-1). Note: Rated for
indoor use only.
UL 3111-1: Standard for electrical measuring and test
equipment
CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 1010.1: Safety requirements for electrical
equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use
Local-level mains (wall sockets). Equipment at this level
includes appliances, portable tools, and similar products.
Equipment is usually cord-connected.
Normally only dry, nonconductive pollution occurs. Occasionally
a temporary conductivity that is caused by condensation must
be expected. This location is a typical office/home environment.
Temporary condensation occurs only when the product is out of
service.
Equipment Type
C-14
Test and measuring
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix C: Specifications
Table C–13: Certifications and compliances (Cont.)
Category
Standards or description
Safety Class
Class 1 (as defined in IEC 61010-1, Annex H) - grounded
product
Laser Compliance
All lasers used in this product are in compliance with the
applicable requirements of the following, and are Class I
according to each:
EN60825–1
IEC60825–1
U.S. CDRH Regulations
CAUTION. To reduce the risk of fire, use only No. 26 AWG or larger
telecommunications line cords for the K1297 Protocol Tester. Use only the
telecommunication line cords designed and specified for the K1297.
* EMC Compliance was achieved under the following conditions: Shielded cables
on all external I/O ports; front panel screws properly tightened; conductive
chassis rails of the boards connected to chassis ground; cable shields
connected to chassis ground via metal shell connectors bonded to a
conductive module front panel; all peripherals conformed.
For minimum RF emissions, it is essential that the conditions above be
implemented. Failure to do so could compromise the EMC compliance of
the equipment containing the board.
Ferrite sleeves on all headphone or headset cables. The ferrite sleeve with
hinged plastic housing is included in the accessory box, in a plastic bag. It
has to be mounted on the cable near the termination that is connected to
the headphone interface. The cable has to be turned twice around the
ferrite before closing the ferrite.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
C-15
Appendix C: Specifications
WARNING. EN 55022: This is a class A product. In a domestic environment, this
product may cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to take
adequate measures.
C-16
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation
(SmEth Adapter)
The following pages provide information on how to install the virtual
Shared memory Ethernet (SmEth) adapter and to configure the IP network,
which allows the IP connection of the interface boards.
The installation of the Protocol Tester software automatically includes the
TCP/IP protocol stack. The TCP/IP protocol stack implements the network
access.
The installation of the Protocol Tester software also includes automatically
three virtual ethernet adapter. The virtual ethernet adapters allow the
virtual ethernet connection between the PC board and any interface board.
One virtual ethernet adapter will be installed, which connects the interface
board with CPU number 0 (AP-4); the other interface boards are connected
via routing over this interface board.
The PC board and the interface board with CPU number 0 will be in one IP
domain (192.168.12.0). The interface board with CPU number 0 will play
the role of a router. Therefore, it will have two virtual interfaces (tq0,
sm0).
The interface boards (including the one with CPU number 0) will be
located in a second IP domain (192.168.13.0). This is the default
configuration for the interface boards, saved in the file
C:\K1297\net.ini.
NOTE. Further information about the CPU numbers of the various boards
you find in the Getting Started chapter, section Setting the VME Bus
Address.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
D-1
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
Prerequisites
The virtual ethernet adapter is required for several back-to-back demo
scenarios of the GPRS Packet Gateway emulation, the TTCN execution
environment, and for the Remote Operation Package. Make sure the virtual
ethernet adapter has been installed successfully before installing any other
component which requires this adapter.
NOTE. If you want to run loopback sample scenarios or several IP
Gateway emulations with the K1297-G20 software at one time, you
probably have to install more than three virtual ethernet adapters.
D-2
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
Installation
To install the SmEth adapter, proceed as follows:
1. Close all applications.
2. Select Start / Control Panel / Add Hardware.
The Add Hardware Wizard opens.
Figure D–1: Add Hardware Wizard, start page
To continue click Next.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
D-3
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
3. In the next dialog box you will be asked “Is the hardware connected?”
Answer “Yes, I have already connected the hardware” and click Next.
Figure D–2: Installing the SmEth adapter, step 3
D-4
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
4. The following dialog box lists all hardware that is already installed on
your computer.
Select Add a new hardware device from the end of the list and click
Next.
Figure D–3: Installing the SmEth adapter, step 4
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
D-5
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
5. In the next dialog box you will be asked What do you want the wizard
to do?
Answer Install the hardware that I manually selected from a list
(Advanced) and click Next.
Figure D–4: Installing the SmEth adapter, step 5
D-6
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
6. In the following dialog box select Network adapters from the displayed
list and click Next.
Figure D–5: Installing the SmEth adapter, step 6
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
D-7
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
7. In the following dialog box you can select the network adapter you
want to install.
Select Tektronix, Inc. TQ based backplane ethernet driver and click
Next.
Figure D–6: Installing the SmEth adapter, step 7
D-8
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
8. Now the wizard is ready to install your hardware. Once again click
Next to start the installation.
Figure D–7: Starting the installation
9. Click Finish to close the wizard.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
D-9
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
Checking the Installation
To check if your installation succeeded, proceed as follows:
1. Select Start / All Programs / Computer Management.
The Computer Management window opens.
2. Open Device Manager / Network adapters. If your installation
succeeded you will find here an entry: TQ based backplane ethernet
driver.
Figure D–8: Computer Management window
D-10
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
Configuring the SmEth Adapter
To configure the newly installed SmEth adapter, proceed as follows:
1. Select TQ based backplane ethernet adapter in the Computer
Management window as shown in figure D–8.
2. Open the context menu by clicking the right mouse button and select
Properties.
The TQ based backplane ethernet driver Properties dialog box opens.
3. Select the Advanced tab to configure the selected SmEth adapter.
Figure D–9: Configuring the SmEth adapter
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
D-11
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
HostCpu defines the CPU number of the PC board. In the K1297 the
CPU number for the PC board is always 9 (see the Getting Started
chapter, section Setting the VME Bus Address). Thus, always enter 9
as value for the HostCpu.
TargetCpu defines the CPU number of the measuring board of the
internal IP Connection.
TargetUnit defines a user definable number between 0 and 255. The
number has to be unique on the target CPU. It is meant as an identifier
for the smeth adapter’s peer process on the target CPU.
NOTE. See the corresponding descriptions in the PKTGATE manual for
the menu ”pktgate.Activations.Bind”.
4. Configure the individual SmEth adapters according to the requirements
of your application. Further information on the specific values will you
find in the documentation accompanying the application.
The following example lists the necessary values for typical
K1297-G20 applications as Remote Operation / TMS and back-to-back
demo scenarios of the GPRS Packet Gateway emulation. It lists the
default settings configured upon delivery:
Table D–1: Example: SmEth Adapter Configuration
D-12
Adapter 1
Adapter 2
Adapter 3
Host CPU
9
9
9
Target CPU
0
(usually AP-4
interface board)
1
1
Target Unit
0
1
2
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
Assigning IP Addresses
The K1297-G20 Protocol Tester has an internal IP network, that uses the
class C networks 192.168.12.0 and 192.168.13.0. The first is used for the
communication between the PC board and the AP board, the latter for the
communication between the AP and all line interface boards.
To assign IP addresses to newly installed SmEth adapters, proceed as
follows:
1. Select Start / Control Panel / Network Connections. The Network
Connections dialog box opens.
A list displays several Local Area Connections. Normally, the first
Local Area Connection is the physical ethernet adapter for the PC and
the following entries display the virtual SmEth adapters.
2. Pause with the cursor over one of the Local Area Connection entries. A
ToolTip comes up telling you the name of the network connection.
If the ToolTip displays TQ based backplane ethernet driver select the
appropriate entry, open the context menu by clicking the right mouse
button, and select Properties.
The Local Area Connection Properties dialog box opens.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
D-13
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
Figure D–10: Local Area Connection Properties dialog box
D-14
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
3. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click the Properties button.
4. The Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box for this
connection opens. In this dialog box you can assign the IP addresses for
the individual SmEth adapters.
The address is used to build a virtual point to point IP connection
between PC board and a measuring board.
Figure D–11: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box
5. Select Use the following IP address.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
D-15
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
6. Enter an IP address that is not yet assigned. For the first SmEth adapter
enter: 192.168.12.1
Since 192.168.13.1 already assigned (see page D-1), this IP address
can not be assigned anymore.
Enter for the second SmEth adapter 192.168.14.1, for the third one
192.168.15.1 and so on.
7. The subnet mask for the IP address specified is entered automatically.
Do not change the subnet mask 255.255.255.0.
8. Confirm your settings with OK.
D-16
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
Checking the Network Installation. You can check the network installation as
follows - provided that a) you have completed the system setup successfully, b) you have started the system, and c) the physical network
connection is still established:
1. Use the Command Prompt to enter the route commands as displayed
in the following window:
route –p add 192.168.13.0 MASK 255.255.255.0 192.168.12.2 METRIC 1
Check the two lines (using the command find ) for the network
addresses (IP domains) 192.168.12.0 and 192.168.13.0, which are now
routed via the interface 192.168.12.1.
The ping command runs successfully only if the interface boards were
booted and the K1297 application have been started.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
D-17
Appendix D: PC Board Network Installation (SmEth Adapter)
D-18
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix E: Windows XPe Troubleshooting
Preventive Measures
This Appendix describes how you can protect yourself against unexpected
system failures and how you can deal with them.
The best preventive measure you can take is having a current backup. We
recommend to backup your system on a regular basis as follows:
H Perform regular system backups for your Windows XPe configuration
using the System Restore tool.
H Perform regular system backups for your K1297-G20 user data using
the Backup tool.
System Restore
System Restore is a component of Windows XPe that you can use to
restore your operating system to a previous state, if a problem occurs,
without losing your personal user data.
NOTE. System Restore is installed and activated at the factory. It needs at
least 200 MB of disk space available to work properly.
System Restore monitors changes to the system and automatically creates
easily identified restore points. Restore points are stored states of your
operating system that allow you to revert the system to a previous time.
Create restore points each time you make significant changes to your
operating system, e.g. before and after installations of new or different
device drivers or before and after software installations.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
E-1
Appendix E: Windows XPe Troubleshooting
Creating Restore Points. Follow these steps to create restore points:
1. Exit all applications.
2. Select Start / All Programs / Accessories / System Tools / System Restore.
The System Restore Wizard opens. Follow the instructions in the wizard.
3. Click Create a restore point, and then click Next.
4. In the Restore point description box, type a name to identify this
restore point. System Restore automatically adds to this name the date
and time that this restore point is created.
H To finish creating this restore point, click Create.
H To cancel restore point creation and return to the Welcome to
System Restore screen, click Back.
H To cancel restore point creation and exit the System Restore Wizard,
click Cancel.
If you do not like the state of your computer after you restore it, you can
undo the restoration or select another restore point. All successful
restorations are reversible. All failed restorations are automatically
reversed by System Restore.
NOTE. The possible number of restore points depends on the available
space on the partition where your operating system folder is located. If you
do not have sufficient space available, System Restore is not activated.
E-2
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix E: Windows XPe Troubleshooting
Restore the K1297-G20 by Restore Points. Follow the following steps to
restore states of your operating system by restore points:
1. Exit all applications.
2. Access the System Restore Wizard via Start / All Programs / Accessories / System Tools / System Restore. Click Restore my computer to an
earlier time, and then click Next.
3. Select the date when the restore point was created from the calendar in
the Select a Restore Point dialog box. All of the restore points that
were created on the selected date are listed by name in the list box to
the right of the calendar. Click Next.
4. Confirm your selection in the Confirm Restore Point Selection dialog
box and click Next.
System Restore shuts down Windows and restores your K1297-G20 to
the selected date and time.
After the restoration Windows restarts using the settings from the date
and time listed above.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
E-3
Appendix E: Windows XPe Troubleshooting
Backup Tool
Windows XPe includes Backup, a tool that backups and restores your
K1297-G20 user data.
We recommend to backup your K1297-G20 user data each time you make
significant changes to your K1297-G20 software.
Backup the K1297-G20 User Data. To backup your K1297-G20 user data,
proceed as follows:
1. Exit all applications.
2. Select Start / All Programs / Accessories / System Tools / Backup. The
Backup or Restore Wizard opens.
3. Click Next to start configuring the backup process.
4. In the second wizard window (Backup or Restore), select Backup Files
and Settings and click Next.
5. In the following wizard windows, select which folder, files and items
you want to backup as well as type, destination, and name of the
backup process.
Follow the wizard instructions to define these settings.
6. At the end of the configuration, the backup process starts automatically.
The Backup Progress dialog box opens and displays all information
about this process.
E-4
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix E: Windows XPe Troubleshooting
Restore the K1297-G20 User Data. To restore your K1297-G20 user data,
proceed as follows:
1. Exit all applications.
2. Select Start / All Programs / Accessories / System Tools / Backup. The
Backup or Restore Wizard opens.
3. Click Next to start configuring the restore process.
4. In the second wizard window (Backup or Restore) select Restore Files
and Settings and click Next.
5. In the following wizard windows, select which folder, files and items
you want to restore as well as type, destination, and name of the
restored process.
Follow the wizard instructions to define these settings.
6. The last wizard window (Completing the Backup or Restore Wizard)
lists all restore settings you have created.
Specify additional restore options by clicking the Advanced button or close
the wizard and start the restore process by clicking the Finish button.
The Restore Progress dialog box opens and displays all information about
this the restore process.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
E-5
Appendix E: Windows XPe Troubleshooting
Repair Measures
NOTE. For general troubleshooting tips read the Windows online help. To
open the online help, click Start: Help and Support on the taskbar.
Under rare circumstances, the K1297 may not start (boot). These
circumstances include:
1. Installation of faulty third-party drivers
2. Erroneous changes in the Registry
3. Deleting or replacing system files by mistake
In these circumstances the Windows XPe boot process might crash with
error messages, dark or blue screen.
Another problem occurs when the passwords of all accounts have been
changed and have been forgotten. In this case the device starts, but does
not log on automatically and no one can log on manually.
In all these instances, switch off your device and try to restart it. If
Windows does not start again, carry out the Windows XPe installation
repair process as described in the Microsoft Windows XP Embedded
Recovery Installation – Installation Notes. The Installation Notes are
shipped together with the Recovery CD.
E-6
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards
When performing any service which requires internal access to the K1297
Protocol Tester, adhere to the following precautions to avoid damaging
internal circuit boards and their components due to electrostatic discharge
(ESD). Observe that any PCE I board installing must be performed only by
Tektronix Service personnel.
CAUTION. Many components within the chassis are susceptible to
static-discharge damage. Service only in a static-free environment.
Observe standard handling precautions for static-sensitive devices while
servicing the K1297 Protocol Tester. Always wear a grounded wrist strap,
or equivalent, while servicing the chassis.
1. Minimize handling of static-sensitive circuit boards.
2. Transport and store ESD-sensitive circuit boards in ESD shielding
boxes or bags with appropriate labels.
3. Discharge the static voltage from your body by wearing a grounded
antistatic wrist strap while handling these circuit boards. Do service of
static-sensitive circuit boards only at a static-free work station.
4. Nothing capable of generating or holding a static charge should be
allowed on the work station surface.
5. Handle circuit boards by the edges when possible.
6. Do not slide the circuit boards over any surface.
7. Avoid handling circuit boards in areas that have a floor or work-surface
covering capable of generating a static charge.
WARNING. To avoid electric shock, always power off the chassis and
disconnect the power cord before servicing the chassis.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
F-1
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards
You can instal up to two 2 PCE-1 board combinations in your K1297
Protocol Tester.
CAUTION. The usage of two sets of PCE-1 board combinations within one
K1297 requires that the device’s backplane has been prepared for this
purpose.
In case you wish to work with a second set of PCE I board combination
only an experienced Tektronix service technician should perform this
setting procedure.
Any installation must be performed at an ESD approved workplace.
Electrostatic discharge can permanently destroy components that have to
be temporarily removed from your device.
The following figure shows an example of a double ATM board
combination.
AP-4 Board
PC Board
E1/DS1/J1 electrical LIF
STM1 optical line interface
PCE I Board with
PCE I Board with
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Figure F–1: Board combination (example)
CAUTION. If the slots besides PCE I board combinations are not used,
cover these empty slots with blank panels. Otherwise proper ventilation is
not guaranteed.
F-2
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards
Installing PCE I Board Combinations
PCE I boards must be installed by qualified Tektronix service personnel or
service personnel certified by Tektronix. For details, contact the Tektronix
Service Support.
The Service Manual “K1297 Boards, PCE I Board Combinations”
contains service information about mounting, installing and exchanging
PCE I boards.
CAUTION. Any installing of a PCE I board - this also includes the mounting
of a PCE I board or a PCE I board exchange - must be performed by
qualified Tektronix service personnel or service personnel certified by
Tektronix.
In addition to the General Safety and Service Safety aspects, specific
precautions need to be observed; only specially trained service personnel
are qualified to perform these.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
F-3
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards
Hardware Requirements
K1297 Protocol Tester with a PCE I board combination requires at least
one AP-4 board.
Software Requirements
K1297 Protocol Tester with a PCE I board combination requires software
version K1297-G20 V2.0 or above.
Which Board into Which Slot?
PCE I boards and the slots for PCE I boards are marked with violet color.
Put only violet marked boards into violet marked slots.
CAUTION. If you put a “wrong” board into a slot, you could damage the
board and the instrument.
Only slot 5 to 8 are suitable for ATM boards. Do not put PCE I board
combinations into other slots.
Slots 7 and 8 are used by an installed PCE I board combination. Slots 5
and 6 can be prepared to use a second PCE I board combination or an
ATM board combination.
F-4
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards
Where to Install Line Interface Modules?
The line interface modules must be installed on the PCE I board according
to specific rules.
In combinations with only one line interfaces module, this module is
always installed on the left (lower) half of the PCE 1 board. Those LIFs
are referred to as LIF A.
Line interfaces modules installed on the right (upper) half of the PCE I
board are referred to as LIF B.
In mixed PCE I board combinations (one optical and one electrical LIF),
the STM-1 module is always installed on the left (lower) half of the PCE I
board. In those cases, the E1/DS1/J1 module is installed on the right
(upper) half of the PCE I board.
There are no PCE I board combinations with a line interface module
installed only on the right (upper) half of the PCE I board.
CAUTION. If you install a line interface on a “wrong” place, you could
damage the board and the instrument.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
F-5
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards
The following table shows all possible LIF combinations:
Table F–1: Possible LIF Combinations
LIF A on the left (lower) half
LIF B on the right (upper) half
STM-1 optical TxRx
STM-1 optical TxRx
STM-1 optical TxRx
STM-1 optical TxRx
STM-1 optical RxRx
STM-1 optical TxRx
E1/DS1/J1 electrical TxRx
STM-1 optical TxRx
E1/DS1/J1 electrical RxRx
STM-1 optical RxRx
STM-1 optical RxRx
STM-1 optical RxRx
STM-1 optical RxRx
E1/DS1/J1 electrical TxRx
STM-1 optical RxRx
E1/DS1/J1 electrical RxRx
E1/DS1/J1 electrical TxRx
E1/DS1/J1 electrical TxRx
E1/DS1/J1 electrical TxRx
E1/DS1/J1 electrical TxRx
E1/DS1/J1 electrical RxRx
E1/DS1/J1 electrical RxRx
E1/DS1/J1 electrical RxRx
F-6
E1/DS1/J1 electrical RxRx
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards
Place the line interface modules according to the following figures:
Port A1
Port A2
Figure F–2: One STM-1 (Tx/Rx) LIF
Port A1
Port A2
Port B1
Port B2
Figure F–3: Two STM-1 (Tx/Rx) LIFs
Port A1
Port A2
Port Port
B1 B2
Port Port
B3 B4
Figure F–4: One STM-1 (Tx/Rx) LIF and one STM-1 (Rx/Rx) LIF
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
F-7
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards
Port A1
Ports B1, B2, B3, B4
Port A2
Figure F–5: One STM-1 (Tx/Rx) LIF and one E1/DS1/J1 (Tx/Rx) LIF.
Port A1
Port A2
Ports B1-1, B1-2,
B1-3, B1-4
Ports B2-1, B2-2,
B2-3, B2-4
Figure F–6: One STM-1 (Tx/Rx) LIF and one E1/DS1/J1 (Rx/Rx) LIF.
Port
A1
Port
A2
Port
A3
Port
A4
Figure F–7: One STM-1 (Rx/Rx) LIF
F-8
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards
Port
A1
Port
A2
Port
A3
Port
B1
Port
A4
Port
B2
Port
B3
Port
B4
Figure F–8: Two STM-1 (Rx/Rx) LIFs
Port
A1
Port
A2
Port
A3
Port
A4
Ports B1, B2, B3, B4
Figure F–9: One STM-1 (Rx/Rx) LIFs and one E1/DS1/J1 (Tx/Rx) LIF
Port
A1
Port
A2
Port
A3
Port
A4
Ports B1-1, B1-2,
B1-3, B1-4
Ports B2-1, B2-2,
B2-3, B2-4
Figure F–10: One STM-1 (Rx/Rx) LIFs and one E1/DS1/J1 (Rx/Rx) LIF
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
F-9
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards
Ports A1, A2, A3, A4
Figure F–11: One E1/DS1/J1 (Tx/Rx) LIF
Ports A1, A2, A3, A4
Ports B1, B2, B3, B4
Figure F–12: Two E1/DS1/J1 (Tx/Rx) LIFs
Ports A1, A2, A3, A4
Ports B1-1, B1-2,
B1-3, B1-4
Ports B2-1, B2-2,
B2-3, B2–4
Figure F–13: One E1/DS1/J1 (Tx/Rx) LIF and one E1/DS1/J1 (Rx/Rx) LIF
F-10
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards
Ports A1-1, A1-2,
A1-3, A1-4
Ports A2-1, A2-2,
A2-3, A2-4
Figure F–14: One E1/DS1/J1 (Rx/Rx) LIF
Ports A1-1, A1-2,
A1-3, A1-4
Ports A2-1, A2-2,
A2-3, A2-4
Ports B1-1, B1-2,
B1-3, B1-4
Ports B2-1, B2-2,
B2-3, B2-4
Figure F–15: Two E1/DS1/J1 (Rx/Rx) LIFs
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
F-11
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards
Exchanging PCE I Line Interface Modules
The exchange of a PCE I line interface module consists of three
major groups of working steps:
H Removing the PCE I board combination from the basic device
H Separating the line interface module from the host processor board
H Mounting a new line interface module onto the PCE I board
Removing the PCE I Board Combination. To remove the PCE I board
combination proceed as follows:
1. Switch the device off and unplug the mains plug and all interface lines.
2. Remove the four mounting screws from the front panels of the PCE I
board combination. The screws must be completely loosened.
3. Use your thumbs to simultaneously press outwards on the levers
located beneath the screws.
4. Carefully pull out the PCE I board combination. Make sure that the
spring strip on the long side of the module combination’s cover is not
being damaged. If the two springs located on the internal side of the
module combination’s front cover catch when removing the module,
press the springs carefully back using an appropriate tool.
5. Then pull the PCE I board combination completely out of the device.
Separating the Line Interface Module from the PCE I Board. To separate the line
interface module from the PCE I board, proceed as follows:
1. Place the PCE I board combination on your ESD work bench with the
line interface module upward.
2. Remove the three screws that fix the line interface module on the
PCE I board.
3. Remove the two screws that fix the front panel of the line interface
module.
4. Lift the line interface module carefully upwards.
F-12
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards
Mounting the New Line Interface Module onto the PCE I Board. To mount a new
line interface module onto the PCE I board, proceed as follows:
1. Place the PCE I board onto the table with the protective foil side
downward.
2. Make sure that the connector plug is mounted properly on the host
processor board.
3. Carefully place the line interface module onto the PCE I board.
Make sure that the four connectors on both boards smoothly fit
together.
4. Carefully press boards together. Only use mounting screws as pressure
points. Note, that one of the mounting screws is located beneath a
mezzanine board.
CAUTION. Putting pressure on the line interface modules can cause
damage. Only use pressure points on the line interface module carrier
board.
5. Insert and tighten the three screws that fix the PCE I board on the line
interface module and the two screws that fix the front panel of the line
interface module.
6. Insert the PCE I board combination into the device.
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
F-13
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards
CPU Numbers with PCE-1 Board Combinations
To operate two sets of PCE-1 boards within one K1297, the default CPU
numbers of the second set have to be changed.
The following tables give an overview of the required CPU numbers for
the usage PCE-1 board combinations in K1297 / K1297 Compact Protocol
Testers:
Table F–2: PCE I board combinations in K1297 Protocol Testers
Board
CPU Numbers
Slots
1st PCE I board
3 (host processor board)
8/7
2nd PCE I board
5 (host processor board)
6/5
Table F–3: PCE I board combination in K1297 Compact Protocol Testers
Board
CPU Numbers
Slots
PCE I board
3 (host processor board)
4/5
Always, the CPU number pairs 3/4 and 5/6 are reserved for usage of ATM
board combinations in the K1297 Protocol Tester.
The PCE I host processor board has address setting 3 upon delivery.
F-14
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards
Setting CPU Numbers for a PCE-I Board Combination
To operate a second PCE-1 board combination within one K1297, the
default CPU numbers (VME bus addresses) of the second combination
have to be changed.
The CPU numbers being stored within the FlashPROM of the PCE-1 board
are an integral part of the CPU’s bootline. You can modify this bootline as
follows.
1. Remove the installed PCE-1 board combination from slots 8 and 7 in
the Protocol Tester.
2. Install the second PCE-1 board combination into slots 6 and 5 of your
K1297.
The first PCE-1 board combination must stay removed from the
Protocol Tester.
3. Switch on the Protocol Tester. Watch for the Status Window of the
K1297-G20 software. You should see boot messages for all installed
boards.
The CPU numbers 5 and 6 must not be found and existing.
4. Wait until the boot process is completed. Now you have to change the
CPU numbers 3 and 4 into CPU numbers 5 and 6.
5. In order to change CPU #3 click the Windows XP Start button, and
then click Run. Enter the following command:
ntterm 3
This command will open a window that gives you basic access to the
vxWorks operating system. Enter the command bootChange and
press the return key until you see:
processor number : 3
Enter 5 on the same line and press the return key.
Press the return key until bootChange responds with:
->
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
F-15
Appendix F: Installing ATM Boards
6. In order to change CPU #4 , click the Windows XP Start button, and
then click Run. Enter the following command:
ntterm 4
Proceed as described previously until you see:
processor number : 4
Enter 6 on the same line and press the return key until bootChange
responds with:
->
CAUTION. Take extreme care not to modify any other bootline contents.
Erroneous bootline contents can impact that the PCE-1 board combination
does not boot anymore.
You need a booted CPU in order to modify bootline contents. Otherwise
you have to send the board combination to a Tektronix service location.
7. Shut down and switch off the Protocol Tester.
Wait 30 seconds and switch the Protocol Tester on again.
Verify that the K1297-G20 Status Window indicates the CPU numbers
5 and 6 instead of 3 and 4 for the PCE-1 board. Shut down the Protocol
Tester again.
Clearly mark the modified PCE-1 board combination on the front
panel.
8. Install the PCE-1 board combination with CPU #3 and #4 into slot 7
and 8. Install the PCE-1 board combination with CPU #5 and #6 into
VME slot 5 and 6.
Fix all screws on the modules front cover.
9. Switch on your K1297 again. Watch for the K1297-G20 Status
Window. You should see boot messages for both PCE-1 board
combinations now.
F-16
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Abbreviations
2G
Second Generation
3G
Third Generation
3GPP
Third Generation Partnership Project (of ETSI)
8PSK
Eight phase Shift Keying
A bis
Interface between BTS and BSC
A
Interface between BSS and GSM-NSS
AAL
ATM Adaptation Layer
AAL2
ATM Adaptation Layer Type 2
AAL5
ATM Adaptation Layer Type 5
AC
Authentication Center
ALCAP
Access Link Control Application Part
AMPS
Advanced Mobile Phone Service
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
G-1
Abbreviations
AMR
Adaptive Multi-Rate (speech codec)
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
ANSI T1
Standards Committee T1 Telecommunication of the American
National Standards Institute
ARIB/TTC
Association of Radio Industries and Business/Telecommunication
Technology Committee
ASN.1
Abstract Syntax Notation One
ASP
Abstract Service Primitive
ATM
Asynchronous Transfer Mode
ATS
Abstract Test Suite
AuC
Authentication Center
BEC
Backward Error Correction
BHCA
Busy Hour Call Attempt(s)
BMC
Broadcast/Multicast Control
BSC
Base Station Controller
G-2
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Abbreviations
BSS
Base Station Subsystem
BSSAP
BSS Application Part
BSSGP
Base Station Subsystem GPRS Protocol
BTS
Base Transceiver Station
CAMEL
Customized Application for Mobile Enhanced Logic
CAP
CAMEL Application Part
CATT
China Academy of Telecommunication Technology
CBR
Constant Bit Rate (Data Stream)
CC
Call Control
CCITT
Comité Consultatif International Téléphonique et Télécommunication
CCS7
Common Control Signaling System No 7 (SS7)
CCU
Channel Codec Unit
CDMA
Code Division Multiple Access
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
G-3
Abbreviations
CDMA2000
3rd Generation Code Division Multiple Access
CIC
Circuit Id Code
CID
Channel Identifier
CKSN
Ciphering Key Sequence Number
CM
Call Management Protocols, Connection Management
CN
Core Network
COS
Corporation for Open Systems, USA
CPCS
Common Part Convergence Sublayer
CRNC
Controlling RNC (Radio Network Controller)
CS
Circuit Switched
CS-CN
Circuit Switched Core Network
CSE
CAMEL Service Environment
CT
Conformance Test
G-4
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Abbreviations
CTR
Common Technical Regulation
CTS
Conformance Test Services. Project conducted by EU and European
partners to achieve harmonized European tests.
D-AMPS
Digital AMPS
DCE
Data Communications Equipment
DCH
Dedicated Channel
DECT
Digital Enhanced Cordless Telephone
DIS
Draft International Standard
DL
Downlink
DLCI
Direct Link Connection Identifier
DNS
Domain Name Server
DoE
Demo of Equivalence. Harmonizing campaign between imple-mentations of test suites, usual for CTS.
DPC
Destination Point Code
DRNC
Drift Radio Network Controller
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
G-5
Abbreviations
DRNS
Drift Radio Network Subsystem
DTE
Data Terminal Equipment
E1
2.048 kbps
EDGE
Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution
EFR
Enhanced Full Rate (speech codec)
EIR
Equipment Identity Register
ESE
Emulation Scenario Editor
(also Emulation Stack Editor)
ESD
Electrostatic Discharge
ETR
ETSI Technical Report
ETS
Executable Test Suite
ETSI
European Telecommunication Standards Institute
FDD
Frequency Division Duplex
FDMA
Frequency Division Multiple Access
G-6
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Abbreviations
FEC
Forward Error Correction
FER
Frame Error Rate
FM
Fault Management
FM
Frequency Modulation
FORTH
Programming Language (FORTH Inc.)
FR
Frame Relay
Gb
Interface between BSS and SGSN
Gc
Interface between GGSN and HLR
Gd
Interface between SGSN and GMSC
Gf
Interface between SGSN and EIR
Gi
Interface between GGSN and external PDN
Gn
Interface between SGSN and GGSN
Gp
Interface between SGSN and GGSN of external PLMN
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
G-7
Abbreviations
Gr
Interface between SGSN and HLR
Gs
Interface between SGSN and VMSC/VLR
GGSN
Gateway GPRS Support Node
GMM
GPRS Mobility Management (protocols)
GMSC
Gateway Mobile Service Switching Center
GMSK
Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying
GPRS
General Packet Radio Service
GSM
Global System for Mobile Communication
GSM-R
GSM Railway
gsmSCF
GSM Service Control Function
gsmSSF
GSM Service Switching Function
GSN
GPRS Support Node
GTP
GPRS Tunneling Protocol
G-8
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Abbreviations
GTP-C
GTP Control
GTP-U
GTP User
GTT
Global Title Translation
HLR
Home Location Register
HO/HoV
Handover
HR
Half Rate
HSCSD
High Speed Circuit Switched Data
HTTP
HyperText Transfer Protocol
ICO
Intermediate Circular Orbits
IETF
Internet Engineering Task Force
IMEI
International Mobile Equipment Identification
IMSI
International Mobile Subscriber Identity
IMT-2000
International Mobile Telecommunications 2000
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
G-9
Abbreviations
IMUN
International Mobile User Number
IN
Intelligent Network
INAP
Intelligent Network Application Part
IP
Internet Protocol
IPv4
IP version 4
IPv6
IP version 6
IS
International Standard
IS-95
Interim Standard ’95
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO
International Standards Organization
ISP
Internet Service Provider
ISUP
ISDN User Part
ITU
International Telecommunication Union
G-10
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Abbreviations
ITU TS
International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunication
Standards Section
ITUN
SS7 ISUP Tunneling
Iu
UTRAN Interface between RNC and CN
Iub
UTRAN Interface between Node B and RNC
Iu-CS
UTRAN Interface between RNC and the Circuit Switched Domain of
the CN
Iu-PS
UTRAN Interface between RNC and the Packet Switched Domain of
the CN
Iur
UTRAN Interface between two RNCs
IUT
Implementation Under Test
IWF
Interworking Function
kbps
Kilobits per Second
LEM
Local Emulation Manager
LLC
Logical Link Control
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
G-11
Abbreviations
LT
Line Termination
LU
Location Update
MAC
Medium Access Control
MAP
Mobile Application Part
Mbps
Megabits Per Second
MBS
Message Building System
MC
Multi-Carrier
MC-CDMA
Multi-Carrier CDMA
MCE
Multi-protocol Encapsulation
MDTP
Multi Network Datagram Transmission Protocol
ME
Mobile Equipment
MM
Mobility Management (protocols)
MOC
Mobile Origination Call
G-12
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Abbreviations
MS
Mobile Station
MSC
Mobile Services Switching Center, Message Sequence Chart
MSISDN
Mobile Subscriber ISDN address
MSRN
Mobile Station Roaming Number
MSS
Mobile Satellite System
MT
Mobile Telephone
MTC
Mobile Terminating Call
MTP
Message Transfer Part
MTP3b
Message Transfer Part level 3 (broadband) for Q.2140
NAS
Non Access Stratum
NBAP
Node B Application Protocol
NE
Network Element
NMT
Nordic Mobile Telephony
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
G-13
Abbreviations
NNI
Network-Node Interface
Node B
UMTS Base Station
NRT
Non-Real Time
NSS
Network Switching Subsystem
NS-VC
Network Service - Virtual Connection
NT
Network Termination
O&M
Operation and Maintenance
OAM
Operation, Administration, and Maintenance
OMC
Operation and Maintenance Center
OS
Operations System
OSA
Open Service Architecture
OSI
Open Systems Interconnection
OSS
Operation Subsystem
G-14
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Abbreviations
OSTC
Open Systems Test Consortium
PCO
Point of Control and Observation
PCR
Program Clock Reference
PCU
Packet Control Unit
PDC
Personal Digital Communication
PDCP
Packet Data Convergence Protocol
PDH
Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
PDN
Packet Data Network
PDP
Packet Data Protocol
PDU
Protocol Data Unit
PICS
Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement (ISO 9646). Here:
Test Suite Parameter
PIXIT
Protocol Implementation eXtra Information for Testing (ISO 9646).
Here: Test Suite Parameter
PLMN
Public Land Mobile Network
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
G-15
Abbreviations
PMR
Private Mobile Radio
PS
Packet Switched
PS-CN
Public Switched Core Network
PSTN
Public Switched Telephone Network
QoS
Quality of Service (ATM Network Channels)
QPSK
Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (or, Quaternary Phase Shift Keying)
RAB
Radio Access Bearer
RAN
Radio Access Network
RANAP
Radio Access Network Application Part
RFC
Request for Comment
RLC
Radio Link Control
RLP
Radio Link Protocol
RNC
Radio Network Controller
G-16
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Abbreviations
RNS
Radio Network Subsystem
RNSAP
Radio Network Subsystem Application Part
RNTI
Radio Network Temporary Identity
RR
Radio Resource
RRC
Radio Resource Control
RRM
Radio Resource Management
RTT
Radio Transmission Technology
Rx
Receiver
SAAL
Signaling ATM Adaptation Layer
SAP
Service Access Point
SAPI
Service Access Point Identifier
SCCP
Signaling Connection Control Part
SCR
System Clock Reference
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
G-17
Abbreviations
SCTP
Simple Control Transmission Protocol
SDH
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
SDL
State Definition Language
SDO
Standard Developing Organization
SDU
Service Data Unit
SGSN
Serving GPRS Support Node
SIETEM
Test Manager for TTCN Environment
SIM
Subscriber Identity Module
SM
Session Management
SMS
Short Message Service
SNDCP
Subnetwork Dependent Convergence Protocol
SPC
Signaling Point Code
SPE
Signal Processing Equipment
G-18
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Abbreviations
SRNC
Serving Radio Network Controller
SRNS
Serving Radio Network Subsystem
SS#7
Signaling System No. 7. Also Common Channel Signaling System
No. 7.; ITU Q.700 series
SSCOP
Service Specific Connection Oriented Protocol
SSF
Service Switching Function
SSN
Subsystem Number
SSP
Service Switching Point
SSS
Switching Subsystem
STC
Signaling Transport Converter
STM1
Synchronous Transport Module -Level 1
SUT
System Under Test
SW
Software
T1
1544 kbps
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
G-19
Abbreviations
TACS
Total Access Communication System
TBF
Temporary Block Flow
TBI
Temporary Block Identifier
TBR
Technical Basis for Regulation
TC
Transcoder
TCAP
Transaction Capability Application Part
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol
TD-CDMA
Time Division-Code Division Multiple Access
TDD
Time Division Duplex
TDMA
Time Division Multiple Access
TD-SCDMA
Time Division - Synchronous CDMA
TE
Terminal Equipment
TEID
Tunneling Endpoint ID
G-20
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Abbreviations
TETRA
Terrestrial Trunked Radio Access
TIA
Telecommunications Industry Association
TID
Tunnel Identifier
TMSI
Temporary Mobile Station Identity
TN-CP
Transport Network-Control Plane
TPC
Transmission Power Control
TR
Termination
TRAU
Transcoder and Rate Adaptor Unit
TRX
Transceiver
TS
Technical Specification
TSCC
Test Scenario Control Center
TTA
Telecommunications Technology Association
TTCN
Tree and tabular combined Notation. ISO 9646-3, ITU X.292
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
G-21
Abbreviations
TUP
Telephone User Part
Tx
Transmitter
UBR
Unspecified Bit Rate
U MSC
U MSC Mobile Switching Center (the integration of the MSC and the
SGSN in one physical entity (UMTS+MSC =UMSC)
U MSC-CS
U MSC Circuit Switched
U MSC-PS
U MSC Packed Switched
U SIM UMTS
Subscriber Interface Module
U SSD
Unstructured Supplementary Service Data
UDP
User Datagram Protocol
UE
User Equipment
UICC
UMTS IC Card
UL
Uplink
Um
GSM Air Interface
G-22
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
Abbreviations
UMTS
Universal Mobile Telecommunication System
UNC
Universal Naming Convention
UNI
User-Network Interface
UP
Uplink, User Part, User Plane
USF
Uplink State Flag
USIM
UMTS Subscriber Identity Module
UTRA
UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access
UTRAN
UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network
Uu
UMTS Air interface
UWC-136
Universal Wireless Communication
V5.1, V5.2, V.110
ITU Interfaces
VBR
Variable Bit Rate (data stream)
VC
Virtual Connection
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006
G-23
Abbreviations
VCI
Virtual Channel Identifier
VHE
Virtual Home Environment
VLR
Visitor Location Register
VMSC
Visited MSC
VPI
Virtual Path Identifier
WCDMA
Wideband CDMA, Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
WLL
Wireless Local Loop
X.25, X.75
ITU Interfaces
G-24
K1297-G20 User Manual, December 2006