ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader

TAGnology RFID GmbH | Grazer Vorstadt 142 | 8570 Voitsberg | AUSTRIA
phone: +43 (0)3142/28 9 28-10 | fax: +43 (0)3142/28 9 28-20 | office@tagnology.com
|
www.tagnology.com
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader
Document No.: 1508-USM-01-0-01
Firmware: Version 1.0
User Manual
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Edition One - January 2006
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH (ACG) reserves the right to make changes to
its products or services or to discontinue any product or service at any time without
notice. ACG provides customer assistance in various technical areas, but does not
have full access to data concerning the use and applications of customer's products.
Therefore, ACG assumes no liability and is not responsible for customer applications
or product or software design or performance relating to systems or applications
incorporating ACG products. In addition, ACG assumes no liability and is not
responsible for infringement of patents and/or any other intellectual or industrial
property rights of third parties, which may result from assistance provided by ACG.
ACG products are not designed, intended, authorized or warranted to be suitable for
life support applications or any other life critical applications that could involve potential risk of death, personal injury or severe property or environmental damage.
With the edition of this document, all previous editions become void. Indications
made in this manual may be changed without previous notice.
Composition of the information in this manual has been done to the best of our
knowledge. ACG does not guarantee the correctness and completeness of the
details given in this manual and may not be held liable for damages ensuing from
incorrect or incomplete information. Since, despite all our efforts, errors may not be
completely avoided, we are always grateful for your useful tips.
The installation instructions given in this manual are based on advantageous
boundary conditions. ACG does not give any guarantee promise for perfect function
in cross environments.
The ACG logo is a registered trademark of ACG Identification Technologies GmbH.
The mifare® logo is a registered trademark of Philips Electronic N.V.
Copyright © 2006 ACG Identification Technologies GmbH (ACG)
This document may be downloaded onto a computer, stored and duplicated as necessary to support the use of the related ACG products. Any other type of duplication,
circulation or storage on data carriers in any manner not authorized by ACG
represents a violation of the applicable copyright laws and shall be prosecuted.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
1
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Safety Instructions / Warning - Read before start-up!
The device may only be used for the intended purpose designed by for the
manufacturer. The operation manual should be conveniently kept available at
all times for each user.
Unauthorized changes and the use of spare parts and additional devices that
have not been sold or recommended by the manufacturer may cause fire,
electric shocks or injuries. Such unauthorized measures shall exclude any
liability by the manufacturer.
The liability-prescriptions of the manufacturer in the issue valid at the time of
purchase are valid for the device. The manufacturer shall not be held legally
responsible for inaccuracies, errors, or omissions in the manual or
automatically set parameters for a device or for an incorrect application of a
device.
Repairs may be executed by the manufacturer only.
Only qualified personnel should carry out installation, operation, and
maintenance procedures.
Use of the device and its installation must be in accordance with national legal
requirements and local electrical codes.
When working on devices the valid safety regulations must be observed.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
2
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Preface
Read This First
About This Guide
This manual describes the ACG HF Multi ISO Reader Module. Its goal is to describe
the reader, how it works, how to integrate it and how to use it.
If You Need Assistance
Our application center is located in Europe to provide direct support. For more
information, please contact your nearest ACG Sales Center. The contact addresses
can be found on our home page:
http://www.acg.de
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
3
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Table of contents
1
Scope...............................................................................................12
2
Extended Documentation ..............................................................12
3
Definitions and Abbreviations.......................................................13
3.1
Definitions................................................................................................... 13
3.1.1
Anti-collision loop ................................................................................ 13
3.1.2
Hex notation ........................................................................................ 13
3.1.3
ASCII notation ..................................................................................... 13
3.2
Abbreviations.............................................................................................. 14
4
Supported tags ...............................................................................16
5
The Mifare Transponder Family ....................................................18
5.1
Mifare Standard .......................................................................................... 18
5.1.1
Sector 0 / Block 0 ................................................................................ 18
5.1.2
Blocks 3, 7, 11, 15,
......................................................................... 19
5.2
State Diagram............................................................................................. 20
5.3
Mifare Ultralight .......................................................................................... 21
5.4
Mifare 4k..................................................................................................... 21
5.5
Mifare ProX................................................................................................. 21
5.6
Mifare DESFire ........................................................................................... 22
5.6.1
Memory organization ........................................................................... 22
5.6.2
State diagram of DESFire.................................................................... 23
5.6.2.1
Activate PICC ............................................................................... 24
5.6.2.2
Select application ......................................................................... 24
5.6.2.3
Login to application ...................................................................... 24
5.6.2.4
Select file...................................................................................... 24
5.6.2.5
Change file ................................................................................... 24
5.6.2.6
Commit / Abort transaction........................................................... 24
5.7
my-d IC (SLE 55Rxx).................................................................................. 25
6
ISO 14443 Type B ...........................................................................26
6.1
SR176......................................................................................................... 26
6.1.1
Memory organization ........................................................................... 26
6.1.2
Serial number UID ............................................................................... 26
6.1.3
Lock byte ............................................................................................. 27
6.1.4
Chip ID ................................................................................................ 27
6.2
SRIX4K....................................................................................................... 27
6.2.1
Memory organization ........................................................................... 27
6.2.2
Lock block ........................................................................................... 27
7
ISO 15693 ........................................................................................28
7.1
Coding of UID ............................................................................................. 28
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
4
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
7.2
Memory organization .................................................................................. 29
7.3
my-d IC (SRF55VxxP) ................................................................................ 30
7.3.1
UID ...................................................................................................... 30
7.3.2
Security Bit .......................................................................................... 30
7.4
EM 4135 ..................................................................................................... 31
8
ICODE ..............................................................................................31
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
9
Memory organization .................................................................................. 31
Serial number ............................................................................................. 31
Write access condition................................................................................ 32
Special function (EAS), AFI ........................................................................ 32
User data .................................................................................................... 32
ICODE EPC......................................................................................32
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
10
10.1
10.2
10.3
11
Memory organization .................................................................................. 32
Serial number ............................................................................................. 33
Read Block ................................................................................................. 33
Write Block ................................................................................................. 33
ICODE UID....................................................................................33
Memory organization .................................................................................. 33
Read Block ................................................................................................. 33
Write Block ................................................................................................. 33
Hardware ......................................................................................34
11.1 Dimensions................................................................................................. 34
11.1.1 Pin out of J1 ........................................................................................ 35
11.1.2 Electrical characteristics of J1 PINs .................................................... 36
11.1.3 Pin out of J2 ........................................................................................ 37
11.1.4 Electrical characteristics of J2 PINs .................................................... 38
11.1.5 External Connections .......................................................................... 39
11.1.5.1 Power Supply ............................................................................... 39
11.1.5.2 Antenna........................................................................................ 40
11.1.5.3 Serial Interface ............................................................................. 40
11.1.5.4 Function Control LEDs ................................................................. 41
12
Software .......................................................................................42
12.1 ASCII Protocol ............................................................................................ 42
12.2 Binary Protocol ........................................................................................... 42
12.2.1 STX ..................................................................................................... 43
12.2.2 Station ID............................................................................................. 43
12.2.3 Length ................................................................................................. 43
12.2.4 Flags.................................................................................................... 43
12.2.5 Data..................................................................................................... 43
12.2.6 Block Check Character (BCC)............................................................. 44
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
5
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.2.7 ETX ..................................................................................................... 44
12.2.8 Remarks .............................................................................................. 44
12.2.9 Examples:............................................................................................ 44
12.3 Register Set................................................................................................ 45
12.3.1 EEPROM memory organization .......................................................... 46
12.3.2 Unique device ID (00h 04h).............................................................. 46
12.3.3 Station ID (0Ah) ................................................................................... 47
12.3.4 Protocol configuration (0Bh) ................................................................ 47
12.3.4.1 Auto start (default 1)..................................................................... 47
12.3.4.2 Protocol (default 0) ....................................................................... 47
12.3.4.3 Multitag (default 0)........................................................................ 47
12.3.4.4 New Serial Mode (default 0)......................................................... 47
12.3.4.5 LED (default 0) ............................................................................. 47
12.3.4.6 Single Shot (default 0).................................................................. 48
12.3.4.7 Extended Protocol (default 1)....................................................... 48
12.3.4.8 Extend ID (default 0) .................................................................... 49
12.3.5 BAUD, Baud rate control register (0Ch) .............................................. 50
12.3.5.1 CF Card Version........................................................................... 51
12.3.6 Command Guard Time (0Dh) .............................................................. 51
12.3.7 OPMODE, operating mode register (0Eh) ........................................... 52
12.3.8 Single Shot Time-out (0Fh) ................................................................. 52
12.3.9 Protocol configuration 2 (13h) ............................................................. 52
12.3.9.1 Disable multi-tag reset (default 0)................................................. 52
12.3.9.2 Disable start-up message (default 0)............................................ 53
12.3.9.3 Enable binary frame v2 (default 0) ............................................... 53
12.3.9.4 Noisy Environment (default 0) ...................................................... 53
12.3.9.5 Reset Recovery Time Multiplier (default 0) .................................. 53
12.3.9.6 Enable ISO14443 B Anti-collision (default 0) ............................... 53
12.3.9.7 Disable ISO 14443-4 Error Handling (default 0)........................... 53
12.3.10
Reset Off Time (14h) ....................................................................... 53
12.3.11
Reset Recovery Time (15h) ............................................................. 54
12.3.12
Application Family Identifier (16h).................................................... 54
12.3.13
Selection Time-out ISO 14443A (17h) ............................................. 54
12.3.14
Selection Time-out ISO 14443B (18h) ............................................. 54
12.3.15
Selection Time-out SR176 (19h)...................................................... 54
12.3.16
Selection Time-out ISO 15693 (1Ah) ............................................... 54
12.3.17
Protocol configuration 3 (1Bh) ......................................................... 55
12.3.17.1 Disable automatic ISO 14443-4 timeouts (default 0) ................... 55
12.3.17.2 Page read (default 0) ................................................................... 55
12.3.17.3 ReqA Extended ID (default 0)...................................................... 55
12.3.18
User data (80h - EFh) ...................................................................... 55
12.4 Instruction Set............................................................................................. 56
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
6
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.1 Common Commands Overview........................................................... 57
12.4.2 Error Codes ......................................................................................... 59
12.4.3 Common commands ........................................................................... 60
12.4.3.1 Test Continuous Read / Check KTT Upload Status ..................... 60
12.4.3.2 Continuous Read.......................................................................... 60
12.4.3.2.1 Multitag continuous read mode ............................................... 61
12.4.3.2.2 Auto start................................................................................. 61
12.4.3.2.3 Noisy Environment .................................................................. 61
12.4.3.2.4 Binary mode ............................................................................ 61
12.4.3.2.5 Simple access control applications ......................................... 61
12.4.3.3 Set LED........................................................................................ 62
12.4.3.4 DES encryption / decryption of data ............................................. 63
12.4.3.5 Get ID........................................................................................... 64
12.4.3.5.1 Time slotted answer ................................................................ 65
12.4.3.5.2 Binary Protocol Version 2........................................................ 66
12.4.3.6 High speed select......................................................................... 66
12.4.3.6.1 Answer from 0xh and 1xh ....................................................... 68
12.4.3.6.2 Answer from 2xh and 3xh ....................................................... 68
12.4.3.6.3 Select a single tag................................................................... 68
12.4.3.6.4 Extended ID ............................................................................ 68
12.4.3.6.5 Multiple tags ............................................................................ 69
12.4.3.6.6 RATS Guard Time SFGT ........................................................ 69
12.4.3.7 Lock block .................................................................................... 69
12.4.3.7.1 Operation mode failure 'O'....................................................... 69
12.4.3.7.2 Apply settings.......................................................................... 70
12.4.3.8 Multi-Tag Selection / List .............................................................. 70
12.4.3.8.1 Multi-tag list ............................................................................. 70
12.4.3.8.2 Reading distance .................................................................... 71
12.4.3.8.3 Multi-tag select ........................................................................ 71
12.4.3.8.4 Multi-tag reset ......................................................................... 71
12.4.3.8.5 Maximum number of tags........................................................ 71
12.4.3.9 Include tag type ............................................................................ 72
12.4.3.10 Exclude tag type .......................................................................... 73
12.4.3.11 Set tag type ................................................................................. 74
12.4.3.12 Set Configuration Flags ............................................................... 75
12.4.3.12.1 Out of range failure 'R' .......................................................... 76
12.4.3.13 Set Configuration Register........................................................... 77
12.4.3.13.1 Out of range failure 'R' .......................................................... 78
12.4.3.14 Antenna power on/off................................................................... 79
12.4.3.14.1 Power off ............................................................................... 79
12.4.3.14.2 Power on ............................................................................... 79
12.4.3.15 Read/Write user port.................................................................... 80
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
7
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.15.1 Read port .............................................................................. 80
12.4.3.15.2 Write port............................................................................... 81
12.4.3.16 Quiet ............................................................................................ 82
12.4.3.16.1 ISO 14443 Type A................................................................. 83
12.4.3.16.2 ISO 14443 Type B................................................................. 83
12.4.3.16.3 SR176 ................................................................................... 83
12.4.3.17 Resend Last Answer.................................................................... 83
12.4.3.18 Read block................................................................................... 84
12.4.3.18.1 Read failure 'F' ...................................................................... 84
12.4.3.18.2 No tag in field 'N' ................................................................... 84
12.4.3.18.3 Operation mode failure 'O'..................................................... 84
12.4.3.18.4 Out of range failure 'R' .......................................................... 85
12.4.3.19 Read reader EEPROM ................................................................ 85
12.4.3.19.1 Out of range failure 'R' .......................................................... 85
12.4.3.20 Select........................................................................................... 86
12.4.3.20.1 Select a single tag................................................................. 86
12.4.3.20.2 Extended ID .......................................................................... 86
12.4.3.20.3 Multiple tags .......................................................................... 86
12.4.3.21 Get Version.................................................................................. 87
12.4.3.22 Write block................................................................................... 88
12.4.3.22.1 Write failure 'F' ...................................................................... 88
12.4.3.22.2 No tag error 'N' ...................................................................... 88
12.4.3.22.3 Operation mode failure 'O'..................................................... 88
12.4.3.22.4 Out of range failure 'R' .......................................................... 89
12.4.3.23 Write EEPROM............................................................................ 89
12.4.3.23.1 Out of range failure 'R' .......................................................... 89
12.4.3.24 Reset ........................................................................................... 90
12.4.3.24.1 Disable Start-up Message ..................................................... 90
12.4.3.24.2 Reset Timing ......................................................................... 90
12.4.3.25 Field Reset .................................................................................. 91
12.4.4 ISO 14443 Type A (Mifare) only commands........................................ 92
12.4.4.1 Increment value block (credit) ...................................................... 92
12.4.4.1.1 No value block 'I' ..................................................................... 92
12.4.4.1.2 Increment failure 'F' ................................................................. 92
12.4.4.1.3 No tag error 'N' ........................................................................ 93
12.4.4.1.4 Operation mode failure 'O'....................................................... 93
12.4.4.2 Decrement value block (debit)...................................................... 93
12.4.4.2.1 No value block 'I' ..................................................................... 93
12.4.4.2.2 Decrement failure 'F' ............................................................... 94
12.4.4.2.3 No tag error 'N' ........................................................................ 94
12.4.4.2.4 Operation mode failure 'O'....................................................... 94
12.4.4.3 Copy value block (backup) ........................................................... 94
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
8
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.4.3.1 Target block ............................................................................ 95
12.4.4.3.2 No value block 'I' ..................................................................... 95
12.4.4.3.3 Copy failure 'F' ........................................................................ 95
12.4.4.3.4 No tag error 'N' ........................................................................ 95
12.4.4.3.5 Operation mode failure 'O'....................................................... 95
12.4.4.4 Login (authenticate tag)................................................................ 96
12.4.4.4.1 No tag error 'N' ........................................................................ 97
12.4.4.4.2 Operation mode failure 'O'....................................................... 97
12.4.4.4.3 Out of range failure 'R' ............................................................ 97
12.4.4.4.4 <CR>....................................................................................... 98
12.4.4.4.5 Login with key data from EEPROM......................................... 98
12.4.4.4.6 Usage of key A, key B............................................................. 98
12.4.4.5 Read value block.......................................................................... 99
12.4.4.5.1 No value block 'I' ..................................................................... 99
12.4.4.5.2 No tag error 'N' ........................................................................ 99
12.4.4.5.3 General failure 'F' .................................................................... 99
12.4.4.5.4 Operation mode failure 'O'....................................................... 99
12.4.4.6 Write value block ........................................................................ 100
12.4.4.6.1 Invalid value 'I'....................................................................... 100
12.4.4.6.2 Write failure 'F' ...................................................................... 100
12.4.4.6.3 No tag error 'N' ...................................................................... 100
12.4.4.6.4 Operation mode failure 'O'..................................................... 101
12.4.4.6.5 Writing values........................................................................ 101
12.4.5 Key Management .............................................................................. 102
12.4.5.1 Authenticate to reader ................................................................ 102
12.4.5.2 Get Key Access Rights............................................................... 105
12.4.5.3 Get key status ............................................................................ 106
12.4.5.4 Reset key table........................................................................... 107
12.4.5.5 Update key access rights ........................................................... 108
12.4.5.6 Change key type ........................................................................ 109
12.4.5.7 Update key ................................................................................. 110
12.4.6 my-d Secure ...................................................................................... 112
12.4.6.1 Abort KTT upload ....................................................................... 112
12.4.6.2 Authenticate to sector................................................................. 112
12.4.6.3 Issue transponder key ................................................................ 114
12.4.6.4 Prepare for KTT.......................................................................... 115
12.4.6.5 my-d command........................................................................... 118
13
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
Frequently Ask Questions ........................................................120
Getting Started ......................................................................................... 120
How should the Multi ISO Reader be personalized? ................................ 120
What type of mifare® card should I use?.................................................. 121
How safe is mifare® Standard for cashless payment? .............................. 121
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
9
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
13.5 Using a Mifare card .................................................................................. 123
13.6 Using a DESFire card ............................................................................... 124
13.6.1 Create a plain standard data file........................................................ 124
13.6.2 Use a plain standard data file ............................................................ 124
13.6.3 Create a value file ............................................................................. 125
13.6.4 Use a DES secured value file............................................................ 126
13.7 Using NFC ................................................................................................ 127
14
References .................................................................................128
15
Appendix A: Antenna ................................................................129
16
Appendix B: SAM ......................................................................130
17
Appendix C: ...............................................................................131
17.1 Compact Serial Plug & Play Module (RDHC-020xN0-02)......................... 131
17.1.1 Features ............................................................................................ 132
17.1.2 Dimensions........................................................................................ 133
17.1.3 Pin Out .............................................................................................. 135
17.1.3.1 Pin Out of J3 .............................................................................. 135
17.1.3.2 Electrical characteristics of J3 PINs in RS232 Configuration ..... 136
17.1.3.3 Electrical characteristics of J3 PINs in RS422 Configuration ..... 137
17.1.3.4 Electrical characteristics of J3 PINs in RS485 Configuration ..... 138
17.1.3.5 Pin Out of J4 .............................................................................. 139
17.1.3.6 Electrical characteristics of J4 PINs ........................................... 139
17.2 Short Range Plug & Play Module (RDHS-0204N0-02) ............................. 140
17.2.1 Features ............................................................................................ 141
17.2.2 Dimensions........................................................................................ 142
17.2.2.1 Pin Out of J5 .............................................................................. 145
17.2.2.2 Electrical characteristics of J5 PINs ........................................... 145
17.3 Short Range USB Desktop Reader (RDHS-0204D0-02) .......................... 146
17.3.1 Features ............................................................................................ 147
17.4 Plug-In Reader (RDHP-0206P0-02) ......................................................... 148
17.4.1 Features ............................................................................................ 149
18
Appendix D: Timings ................................................................150
19
Appendix E: Release Notes......................................................152
19.1 Version History ......................................................................................... 152
19.1.1 MultiISO 1.0....................................................................................... 152
19.2 Revision history ........................................................................................ 153
20
20.1
20.2
20.3
Appendix F: Approvals / Certificates.......................................154
CE Declaration ......................................................................................... 154
FCC Declaration ....................................................................................... 155
RoHS Compliance .................................................................................... 156
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
10
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
11
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
1
Scope
The ACG HF Multi ISO Reader Module supports a broad range of tags compliant
with ISO 14443 type A and B standards, including SR176 tags, tags which belong to
the Philips Mifare® family, ISO 15693 tags, ISO 18000-3, EPC and UID tags. An open
command structure allows the device to communicate with tags that use an operating
system. The read/write unit supports ISO 14443-4 layer with automatic chaining, 256
byte buffer and frame length, extended time framing and up to 848kBaud
transmission rates over the air interface.
Additionally this unit implements a DES cipher which enables to use mifare®
DESFire tags. These tags are designed for use in high security algorithms.
A SAM interface is also available.
Major applications are:
Access control, identification using high security cards
Ticketing using standard Mifare® cards
Data storage
Multi-applications using operating systems
2
Extended Documentation
Please note that all confidential material is excluded from this documentation.
You can obtain the extended documentation containing the confidential information
after signing a NDA.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
12
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
3
Definitions and Abbreviations
3.1 Definitions
3.1.1 Anti-collision loop
An algorithm used to identify and handle a dialogue between a reader and one or
more tags in its antenna field.
3.1.2 Hex notation
A hexadecimal value is marked with the suffix h , i.e. A1h has the value A1
hexadecimal.
3.1.3 ASCII notation
ASCII characters are listed within apostrophes, i.e. x means a single x.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
13
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
3.2 Abbreviations
Abbreviation
Description
AID
Application ID
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ATR
Answer to Reset
ATS
Answer to Select
AFI
Application Family Identifier
block
For the Mifare® Standard one block contains 16 bytes
CBC
Cipher Block Chaining
CID
Card Identifier (logical card address, ISO 14443-4)
CRC
Cyclic Redundancy Check
DES
Data Encryption Standard, for more details about DES
refer to [3].
DSFID
Data storage format identifier
EDC
Error Detection Code
EGT
Extra Guard Time
EOF
End of Frame
ETU
Elementary time unit
Hex / xxh
Value in Hexadecimal notation
I-block
Information block
KTT
Key Transfer Transponder
LSB
Least Significant Bit or Byte
MSB
Most Significant Bit or Byte
NAD
Node Address (ISO 14443-4)
OSI
Open System Interconnection
OTP
One time programmable
PCB
Protocol Control Byte (ISO 14443-4)
PCON
Protocol Configuration byte of the reader
PPS
Protocol and Parameter Selection
RATS
Request for Answer to Select
R-block
Receive ready block
REQA
Request ISO Type A
REQB
Request ISO Type B
RFU
Reserved for Future Use
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
14
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Abbreviation
Description
S-block
Supervisory block
Sector
For the Mifare® Standard one sector contains 4 blocks
SID
Station ID
SFGT
Guard time after RATS
SN
Serial Number of a tag (a 32 bit number)
SOF
Start of frame
TDES
Triple DES
Value block
32 bit data block format. Used in ticketing application
<CR>
Carriage return (0Dh)
<LF>
Line feed (0Ah)
Figure 3-1: Abbreviations
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
15
1
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
various
various
ISO 14443 B
compliant(1)
Infineon
STM
STM
ASK
ASK
Sharp
Toshiba
ISO 14443 A
compliant (1)
Dual Interface
SLE6666CL160S
SR176
SLIX 4K
ASK GTML2 ISO
ASK GTML
Sharp B
TOSMART P064
ISO 14443 B
Philips
Philips
Philips
Philips
Philips
Infineon
Infineon
Philips
Innovision
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Write Transfer
block command
-
-
Serial
Read
number block
extended setup needed
works only with t command
encryption included
encryption not included
encryption included
Comments
4
Mifare Standard
Mifare 4k
Mifare Ultralight
Mifare ProX
DESFire
SLE66CLX320P
SLE 55R04 / 08
Smart MX
Jewel Tag
ISO 14443 A
Manufacturer
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Supported tags
Figure 4-1: Supported labels (Part 1)
Performance varies
16
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
Philips
Philips
Philips
ICODE® EPC
ICODE® UID
EM Microelec.
Philips
STM
STM
STM
Infineon
Infineon
TI
TI
KSW
ICODE®
TempSense
Tag-it HF-I Standard
Tag-it HF-I Pro
EM 4135
ICODE® SLI
LRI12
LRI64
LRI512
SRF55VxxP
SRF55VxxS
ISO 15693
Manufacturer
-
-
-
Serial
Read
number block
-
-
Write
block
Transfer
command
only in addressed mode
temperature logging
encryption included
with 10% modulation index
Comments
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Figure 4-2: Supported labels (Part 2)
17
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
5
The Mifare Transponder Family
The Mifare transponder family consists of various 13.56 MHz transponder ICs, all
compliant to the ISO 14443 standard.
5.1 Mifare Standard
The Mifare Standard card consists of 16 sectors. A sector includes four blocks of 16
bytes each.
MIFARE® Standard
Sector 2
Sector 0 (Block: 0...3)
Block 8:
Data or value (16 bytes)
Sector 1 (Block: 4...7)
Block 9:
Data or value (16 bytes)
Sector 2 (Block 8...11)
Block 10:
Data or value (16 bytes)
...
Block 11:
bytes),
Access Conditions (4
Key A, Key B (16 bytes)
Sector 15 (Block 60...63)
Figure 5-1: MIFARE® Standard: sector diagram
5.1.1 Sector 0 / Block 0
Block 0 is read only.
Serial Number (4 bytes)
Check byte (1 byte)
Manufacturer data (11 bytes)
Figure 5-2: MIFARE Standard: sector 0 / block 0
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
18
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
5.1.2 Blocks 3, 7, 11, 15,
Transport keys are set on delivery:
Key A (6 bytes)
Access Conditions (4 bytes)
Key B (6 bytes)
Figure 5-3: MIFARE® Standard: block 3, 7, 11, 15,
Key A
A0 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 (Infineon) or FF FF FF FF FF FF (new Philips cards)
Key B
B0 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 (Infineon) or FF FF FF FF FF FF (new Philips cards)
Access Conditions
FF 07 80 xx (key A is used to read or write; key A itself is not readable; key B is data
only). For further information refer to the Mifare card manual.
Remarks
Enabled keys are always read as 00 00 00 00 00 00
Using key B as a data area will cause a security gap, due to the fact that it is
necessary to rewrite key A and the access conditions at each write process. It is not
recommended to use key B as a data storage area.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
19
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
5.2 State Diagram
All Mifare cards use the following state diagram.
Power Off
Reset
Reader Instruction Set
Idle
REQA
Select
ISO 14443 Commands
Ready
Halt
Wake Up
Select
Active
Anticollision Loop
Authenticate
Log In
read/write/...
Halt
Authenticated
Tag interfacing
commands
Figure 5-4: State diagram
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
20
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
5.3 Mifare Ultralight
Mifare Ultralight cards have no encryption included. They only support plain text data
transmission.
Mifare Ultralight only supports 4 bytes per sector, but the command set uses 16
bytes per sector. Only the 4 least significant bytes are valid when using Mifare
Ultralight.
Ensure that the other bytes match with the tag content when using the write
command; otherwise the read back will fail.
5.4 Mifare 4k
Mifare 4k cards have an increased memory. Beginning from sector 32 (20h), sectors
have 16 blocks. Due to compatibility reasons, the sector indices have changed
according to the following table. The login sector has to be used to access the
corresponding sector on the card.
Sector
Block
Login sector
00h
00h
03h
00h
01h
04h
07h
01h
1Fh
7Ch
7Fh
1Fh
20h
80h
8Fh
20h
21h
90h
9Fh
24h
22h
A0h
AFh
28h
23h
B0h
BFh
2Ch
24h
C0h
CFh
30h
25h
D0h
DFh
34h
26h
E0h
EFh
38h
27h
F0h
FFh
3Ch
Figure 5-5: Mifare 4k sector index table
5.5 Mifare ProX
Mifare ProX tags have an operating system onboard. Data organization depends on
the operating system installed on the card. These cards can include additional
functionalities such as DES or a proprietary encipher algorithm.
Before accessing the operating system, the card must be selected. Customized
commands are issued using the transfer command.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
21
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
5.6 Mifare DESFire
This tag supports additional security algorithms (DES, Triple-DES, MAC) for security
sensitive applications.
DESFire tags are addressed using a specific command set (see DESFire command
set).
5.6.1 Memory organization
The memory of a DESFire card can be personalized to specific requirements. The
card can be seen as data storage device like a hard disk in a PC. The memory is
divided into a maximum of 28 different applications (directories) with 16 files each. An
application has up to 14 keys. Depending on keys and access conditions a file can
be accessed in four different ways. Plain data is never secured. Data is secured
using a MAC, single DES or triple DES enciphers.
The following figure describes the memory organization of a DESFire card.
DESFire card (Application 0)
Application 1
File
ID 1
Application 2
File
ID 2
File
ID 3
File
ID 1
File
ID 2
File
ID 3
Figure 5-6: DESFire memory organization
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
22
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
5.6.2 State diagram of DESFire
Activate DESFire card
Select Application
Login to Application
Select File with ID
Change File
Commit / Abort Transaction
Figure 5-7: DESFire state diagram
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
23
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
5.6.2.1
Activate PICC
Before accessing a DESFire card, the card must be selected. A DESFire card has a
7 byte UID. After activation, the card is powered up and ready to accept a DESFire
command. Application 0 is selected automatically.
5.6.2.2
Select application
To jump into another application, the application has to be selected. An application
can be seen as a directory, which contains up to 16 files. The size of the application
depends on the stored files.
5.6.2.3
Login to application
Specific access rights can be set for each application. Login to an application allows
changing the organization of the application. Login to a file opens a secured file for
access. A file can be accessed in four different ways: without any security or secured
with MAC, single DES or triple DES.
5.6.2.4
Select file
Before accessing a file, the file must be selected
5.6.2.5
Change file
A selected file can be changed according its access rights. If a file is secured, a login
is required before changes can be made.
5.6.2.6
Commit / Abort transaction
Value files, backup files, linear record files and cyclic record files only adapt their
values after the commit transaction command is given. Several files can be changed
within an application at the same time. The abort transactions command annuls all
changes within an application. Power loss will cancel all modifications too.
For more details about application settings and access rights refer to [2].
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
24
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
5.7 my-d IC (SLE 55Rxx)
my-d ICs are specific ICs from Infineon. These labels show a different memory
organization. Two different modes of tags are supported: plain and secure mode.
Memory Size of SLE Rxx-family
Type
User Memory
Administration
Memory
Number of pages
SLE 55R01
128 Bytes
32 Bytes
16
SLE 55R02
256 Bytes
64 Bytes
32
SLE 55R04
616 Bytes
154 Bytes
77
SLE 55R08
1024 Bytes
256 Bytes
128
SLE 55R16
2048 Bytes
512 Bytes
256
Byte number within a page
4
FFh
User data
7Fh
User data
4Ch
User data
1Fh
User data
0Fh
User data
04h
User data
5
03h
02h
01h
00h
Serial number (UID)
6
7
SLE 55R16
3
SLE 55R08
2
SLE 55R04
1
SLE 55R02
0
SLE 55R01
Address
Figure 5-8: SLE 55Rxx memory organization
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
25
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
6
ISO 14443 Type B
ISO 14443 type B cards are supported.
6.1 SR176
The SR176 label contains only 30 bytes of data organized in two bytes per page.
6.1.1 Memory organization
Block
address
Byte 1
0Fh
Lock byte
Byte 0
RFU
0Eh
User data
04h
User data
03h
Serial number
02h
Serial number
01h
Serial number
00h
Serial number
Chip ID
Figure 6-1: SR176 memory organization
6.1.2 Serial number UID
The UID is stored in the first 4 pages. Page 00h contains the LSB of the UID.
Page 03h
Byte 1h
Byte 0
Page 02h
Byte 1
Byte 0
Page 01h
Byte 1
Byte 0
Page 00h
Byte 1
Byte 0
Figure 6-2: SR176 Serial number
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
26
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
6.1.3 Lock byte
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Page 00h
Page 01h
Page 0Ah
Page 0Bh
Bit 3
Page 02h
Page 03h
Page 0Ch
Page 0Dh
Bit 4
Page 04h
Page 05h
Bit 5
Page 06h
Page 07h
Bit 6
Page 08h
Page 09h
Bit 7
Page 0Eh
Page 0Fh
The lock byte defines the write access condition of a pair of pages. Each bit can only
be set once. This procedure is irreversible. This byte is implemented as an OTP.
Figure 6-3: Lock byte
6.1.4 Chip ID
The Chip ID is defined in the low nibble of page 0Fh. It is manufacturer set and is
used internally to select and separate single tags.
6.2 SRIX4K
The SRIX4K label contains 512 bytes of data organized into four-byte pages.
6.2.1 Memory organization
Block
address
Byte 3
Byte 2
Byte 1
Byte 0
FFh
OTP Lock Reg
ST Reserved
ST Reserved
Fixed Chip ID
7Fh
User data
07h
User data
06h
32 bits binary counter
05h
32 bits binary counter
04h
32 bits Boolean Area
03h
32 bits Boolean Area
02h
32 bits Boolean Area
01h
32 bits Boolean Area
00h
32 bits Boolean Area
Figure 6-4: SRIX4K memory organization
6.2.2 Lock block
Locking of blocks is not supported with this tag.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
27
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
7
ISO 15693
The reader can communicate with ISO15693 tags. An anti-collision is needed if
multiple instances of tags are in the same antenna field. The reader detects each
type of ISO15693 labels and handles them individually
7.1 Coding of UID
The UID of a tag is defined in ISO/IEC 15693-3. All tags compliant to ISO15693
support the specified format. The UID is factory programmed and cannot be
changed. The UID is needed for the anti-collision sequence to separate several tags
in the same antenna field.
Byte
7
6
E0h
MFR
Code
5
4
3
2
1
0
Serial number
Figure 7-1: Coding of ISO 15693 UID
The MFR Code is listed in ISO/IEC 7816-6:1996/Amd.1: 2000(E). Following
manufacturer are tested with our reader
MFR-Code
Company
02h
ST Microelectronics
04h
Philips Semiconductors
05h
Infineon Technologies AG
07h
Texas Instrument
16h
EM Microelectronic-Marin SA
Figure 7-2: Manufacturer codes
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
28
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
7.2 Memory organization
An ISO15693 tag is separated into two blocks. An administrative block which
contains the UID, AFI, DSFID and the lock page state. The user block is free for
custom use. The chip manufacturer defines the amount of bytes and number of
pages of each tag. As default four bytes are used for several tags.
Byte
Page
address
0
1
2
3Fh
User data
00h
User data
3
Administrative block
Figure 7-3: Memory organization of ISO 15693
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
29
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
7.3 my-d IC (SRF55VxxP)
my-d ICs are specific ICs from Infineon. These labels show a different memory
organization. Two different modes of tags are supported: plain and secure mode.
Two different cards with 320 bytes or 1k bytes EEPROM memory are available. The
EEPROM memory is divided into pages.
Each tag is split into two parts: The administrative blocks (00h, 01h, 02h) and the
user area. Administrative pages are read only and cannot be changed. User data is
free for use. Additionally user data pages can be locked. This procedure is
irreversible.
The EEPROM of SRF55V10P is organized in 128 pages addressed 00h to 7Fh. The
EEPROM of SRF55V02P consists of 32 pages addressed 00h to 1Fh.
Byte number within a page
1
2
3
4
7Fh
User data
1Fh
User data
03h
User data
5
6
02h
01h
00h
Serial number (UID)
7
SRF55V10P
0
SRF55V02P
Address
Figure 7-4: SRF55VxxP memory organization
7.3.1 UID
The UID of SRF55Vxx labels starts with 60h or E0h.
7.3.2 Security Bit
Bit 45 of the UID defines the secure mode of the SRF55Vxx. If set the tag supports
security algorithm.
Bit 45
Description
1
Tag supports crypto security mechanism
0
Chip supports plain mode only
Figure 7-5: Security bit
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
30
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
7.4 EM 4135
The EM4135 is an ISO15693 compliant label of EM Microelectronic-Marin SA. It has
eight bytes per page as the same as the my-d label. It only supports 36 pages. The
administrative area holds the information of the access condition and the UID.
Address
Page
0
1
2
3
4
23h
User data
00h
User data
5
6
7
Administrative area
Figure 7-6: Memory organization of EM 4135
8
ICODE
ICODE® IC data is stored in a non-volatile EEPROM. Its capacity is 512 bits
organized in 16 blocks consisting 4 bytes each (1 block = 32 bits). First 3 blocks
contain administrative data.
8.1 Memory organization
Byte
Page
address
0
1
2
0Fh
User data
05h
User data
04h
Family code identifier / User data
03h
Special function (EAS) / User data
02h
Write access condition
01h
Serial number
00h
Serial number
3
Figure 8-1: ICODE® memory organization
8.2 Serial number
The serial number of a label is defined at the manufacturer process. It is stored on
page 00h and page 01h. LSB is stored first.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
31
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
8.3 Write access condition
Page 02h contains the write access condition for each page. Each page can be set to
read only (bits are set to 0). This procedure is irreversible. Locking page 2 no further
changed of the access condition can be done. Always two bits must be change at the
same time. This register is implemented as OTP.
Byte 0
MSB
Byte 1
LSB MSB
Byte 2
LSB MSB
Byte 3
LSB MSB
LSB
1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
B
A
9
8
F
E
D
C
User
data
Special
function
Write
access
Serial
number
Serial
number
User
data
3
Figure 8-2: Write access condition bytes
8.4 Special function (EAS), AFI
Special Functions (EAS) and Family Code/Application Identifier are additional
features. For more information refer to the ICODE® manual.
8.5 User data
All other blocks are free for use and can be changed according the state of the write
access conditions.
9
ICODE EPC
ICODE EPC labels data is stored in a OTP memory. Its capacity is 136 bits
organized in 17 blocks consisting of 1 bytes each. All MSB of the different fields
(EPC, CRC16, Destroy Code) are located at the lowest block address.
9.1 Memory organization
Page
address
Byte
14h
16h
Destroy Code
12h
13h
CRC 16
00h
11h
EPC
Figure 9-1: ICODE EPC memory organization
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
32
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
9.2 Serial number
The serial number of a label is defined within the EPC blocks.
9.3 Read Block
It is not possible to read a block with the read block 'rb' command.
9.4 Write Block
It is possible to write the EPC data (12 bytes) with the write block 'wb' command
using block address 00h.
10 ICODE UID
The memory has a capacity of 192 bits and is organized in 24 blocks, consisting of 1
byte each. All MSB of the different fields (UD, UD CRC, CRC16, Destroy Code) are
located at the lowest block address.
10.1 Memory organization
Page address
21h
Access Condition
Description
23h
OTP
Destroy Code
19h - 20h
OTP
CRC16
14h
18h
RO
UID
12h
13h
R/W
UD CRC16
00h
11h
R/W
User data (UD)
Figure 10-1: ICODE UID memory organization
10.2 Read Block
It is possible to read the user data (12 bytes) with the read block 'rb' command using
block address 00h.
10.3 Write Block
It is possible to write the UD data (12 bytes) with the write block 'wb' command using
block address 00h.
Additionally it is possible to write the destroy code (3 bytes) with the write block 'wb'
command using block address 01h.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
33
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
11 Hardware
11.1 Dimensions
All dimensions listed in mm
30,48 mm
29,21 mm
1,27 mm
J1
1
20
10
11
J2
25,40 mm
1,27 mm
2,54 mm
Top View
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
34
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
11.1.1 Pin out of J1
PIN
PIN No.
Description
ARX
1
Antenna RX
ATX1
2
Antenna TX1
VDD
3
Supply Voltage
GND
4
Ground
ATX2
5
Antenna TX2
TGND
6
Antenna Ground
SAM CLK
7
SAM clock
SAM IO
8
SAM IO
SAM
RESET
9
SAM Reset
RTS
10
Request to Send
Figure 11-1: Pin out of jumper 1
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
35
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
11.1.2 Electrical characteristics of J1 PINs
PIN
PIN No.
Min
ARX
1
1.1V
ATX1
2
VDD
3
Typ.
13,56 MHz
34 VPP
Max.
Description
4.4V
Antenna RX
100 mAPP Antenna TX1
50VPP
+4.5V
+5.0V
+5.5V
Supply Voltage
32mA
150mA
250mA
Supply Current (without
SAM)
GND
4
GND
Ground
ATX2
5
13,56 MHz
34 VPP
TGND
6
GND
Antenna Ground
SAM CLK
7
TTL
SAM clock
100 mAPP Antenna TX2
50VPP
25mA
3,39MHz
SAM IO
8
TTL
25 mA
IO for SAM Input and
SAM Output
SAM RESET
9
TTL
25 mA
SAM Reset
RTS
10
TTL
25 mA
Request to Send
Figure 11-2: Electrical characteristics of pins
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
36
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
11.1.3 Pin out of J2
PIN
PIN Nr
Description
VDD
20
Supply Voltage
GND
19
Ground
LEDg
18
LED green (reading LED)
LEDr
17
LED red
EN
16
Enable reader, open or logic high
MCLR
15
Master clear
USER
14
User Port
DIR
13
Direction of RS 485
TX
12
TX to PC
RX
11
RX to PC
Figure 11-3: Pin out of jumper 2
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
37
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
11.1.4 Electrical characteristics of J2 PINs
PIN
PIN No.
RX
Min
Typ.
Max.
11
USART-TTL1
25 mA
RX to PC
To RS232, RS485 or RS422
device driver
TX
12
USART-TTL1
25 mA
TX to PC
To RS232, RS485 or RS422
device driver
DIR
13
TTL
25 mA
Direction of RS 485
Logic High = Reader to Host
Logic Low = Host to Reader
USER
14
TTL2
25 mA
User Port
MCLR
15
TTL
3
EN
16
ST4
25 mA
Enable reader
logic low will disable the
reader
Open or logic high
LEDr
17
TTL
15 mA
LED red
LEDg
18
TTL
15 mA
LED green (reading LED)
With 330 (internal serial)
resistor
GND
19
GND
VDD
20
+4.5V
+5.0V
32 mA
150 mA
Description
Master clear
Leave unconnected.
Low will reset the register
and the key management to
default values.
Ground
+5.5V
Supply Voltage
250 mA Supply Current (Without
SAM)
Figure 11-4: Electrical characteristics of pins
1
Universal Synchronous Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
2
TTL buffer output / input
3
Voltage spikes below GND at the MCLR/VDD pin, including currents greater than 80mA, may cause
latch-up. Thus, a series resistor of 50-100 should be used when applying a "low" level to the
MCLR/VDD, rather than pulling this pin directly to GND.
4
Schmitt trigger buffer input
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
38
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
11.1.5 External Connections
11.1.5.1
Power Supply
If the supply voltage and any noise modulated on the supply voltage remains within
the specified limits, no further filtering is required. In some cases it is recommended
to use additional filtering for the power supply line. Insufficient power line filtering
could cause unexpected or irregular performance drops.
Option 1
+5V DC
OEM Board
20
19
uC
Option 2
+5V DC
OEM Board
3
4
The board can be connected as shown above. Both alternatives are possible and can
be used as they fit best into the layout of the carrier board. The two VCC PINs and
the two GND PINs are connected internally.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
39
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
11.1.5.2
Antenna
The external antenna needs to have the right inductance and a certain resistor and
capacitor combination for optimized frequency tuning and antenna matching.
R1
1
2
OEM Board
C1
L ANT
C3
5
6
C6
C5
C4
C8
C2
More Details about the antenna design are available in the antenna design guide
manual. This Document can be downloaded from www.acg.de
11.1.5.3
Serial Interface
The OEM Board can be connected directly with a micro controller. Alternatively the
OEM Board also can be connected to most serial interface types by using the right
interface converter circuit. In order to optimize the communication quality the specific
application note of the interface converter circuit needs to be taken into
consideration.
OEM Board
12
11
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
Interface
Converter
Circuit
Host Interface
40
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
11.1.5.4
Function Control LEDs
Two external LEDs can be connected to the OEM Board. There are two alternatives
possible.
Option 1
OEM Board
uC
18
17
330 Ohm
Option 2
OEM Board
uC
18
17
330 Ohm
330 Ohm
In both cases the LED supply voltage levels are TTL levels.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
41
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12 Software
By default, data is transmitted at 9600, n, 8, 1, no handshaking. Two protocol modes
are supported. The protocol mode is configured in the reader EEPROM. As factory
default, the ASCII protocol is used.
12.1 ASCII Protocol
This protocol is designed for easy handling. The commands are issued using a
terminal program. Data is transmitted as ASCII hexadecimal that can be displayed on
any terminal program (i.e. HyperTerminal).
Command
Data
Variable length
Variable length
Figure 12-1: ASCII protocol frame
12.2 Binary Protocol
This protocol is designed for industrial applications with synchronization and frame
checking. An addressing byte for party line (master/slave, multi-drop) is also
included.
The protocol usually requires a device driver. Data is transmitted in binary mode. The
reader uses an internal binary watchdog timer to ensure correct framing.
STX
Station ID
Length
Data
BCC
ETX
1 byte
1 byte
1 byte
Variable length
1 byte
1 byte
Figure 12-2: Binary Frame Version 1
The binary frame version 2 is only sent to the host. It is implemented to give
extended information to the host.
Version 2 must be enabled in the Protocol configuration 2 register.
STX
1 byte
Station ID Length
1 byte
1 byte
Flags
Data
1 byte
Variable length
BCC
ETX
1 byte 1 byte
Figure 12-3: Binary Frame Version 2
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
42
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.2.1 STX
Start of transmission (02h)
12.2.2 Station ID
Unique ID of the station
00h:
FFh:
reserved for the bus master. Readers send response to this device ID.
Broadcast message. All devices will execute the command and send their
response.
12.2.3 Length
Length defines the length of the data block, including the flag byte, if binary protocol
version 2 is activated.
If length is set to zero, 256 data bytes are transmitted. The reader module only can
send 256 data bytes, but cannot receive commands with 256 bytes.
12.2.4 Flags
The flag byte gives additional information to the host.
Bit 3
Bit 7
Bit 1
RFU
Bit 2
Leading Character Info
Bit 0
Error State
Error State
If cleared, the command was processed successfully.
If Error State is set, an error occurred.
Leading Character Info
Bit 1 & 2 defines how to interpret the data in the binary frame.
Bit 2
Bit 1
Description
0
0
No leading character available, all values are hexadecimal.
0
1
The data contains one leading character.
1
0
All data bytes are characters.
1
1
RFU
12.2.5 Data
This part contains the command and the data. The command values are the same as
in ASCII protocol mode ( x , s , ) whereas data is transmitted in binary mode.
The length of the command block depends on the instruction.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
43
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.2.6 Block Check Character (BCC)
The BCC is used to detect transmission errors. The BCC is calculated XOR-ing each
byte of the transmission frame excluding the STX/BCC and ETX characters. The
flags are part of the data.
BCC
( StatID) XOR ( Length) XOR (Command / Data 0 ) XOR ... XOR (Command / Data N )
12.2.7 ETX
End of transmission. (03h)
12.2.8 Remarks
If the reader device receives an invalid instruction frame (i.e. wrong BCC) or the
requested station ID does not match the internal ID of the reader, the command is
not executed. The reader waits for the next valid frame.
The automatic binary time-out (see protocol configuration register) is used to detect
incomplete binary frames.
12.2.9 Examples:
02h
64h
01h
78h
1Dh
03h
STX
Station ID
Length
x
BCC
ETX
This instruction frame will reset the reader module with the station ID 64h.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
44
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.3 Register Set
The reader has several system flags used for customization purposes. The flags are
stored in its non-volatile EEPROM. The reader accepts changes to these settings
only during the start-up phase. Clearing all RFU bits is recommended in order to
guarantee compatibility with future releases.
The reader can store up to 32 authentication keys internally to login standard Mifare
cards. An additional 32 keys can be stored for DESFire authentication. All keys are
read only and cannot be accessed via the interface lines.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
45
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.3.1 EEPROM memory organization
Register
Description
00h
04h
Unique device ID; read only
05h
09h
Administrative data; read only
0Ah
Station ID
0Bh
Protocol configuration
0Ch
Baud rate
0Dh
Command Guard Time
0Eh
Operation Mode
0Fh
Single shot time-out value
10h
Internal use / Do not change
11h
Internal use / Do not change
12h
Internal use / Do not change
13h
Protocol configuration 2
14h
Reset Off Time
15h
Reset Recovery Time
16h
Application Family Identifier
17h
ISO 14443A Selection Time-out
18h
ISO 14443B Selection Time-out
19h
SR176 Selection Time-out
1Ah
ISO 15693 Selection Time-out
1Bh
Protocol configuration 3
1Ch
Page Start
1Dh
Internal use / Do not change
1Eh
Internal use / Do not change
1Fh
Page number
20h - 7Fh
80h
EFh
RFU
User data
Figure 12-4: EEPROM memory
12.3.2 Unique device ID (00h
04h)
The unique device ID identifies a reader module. It is factory programmed and
cannot be changed.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
46
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.3.3 Station ID (0Ah)
The station ID is used in binary mode to address a device in party line set up. The
station ID can range from 01h to FEh and can be set freely. The value 00h is
reserved for the bus master. All readers send their response to this device.
The broadcast message (FFh) forces all readers to response to the command.
Default value is 01h.
12.3.4 Protocol configuration (0Bh)
The protocol configuration register (PCON) specifies general behavior of the reader
device.
Default value is 41h.
Protocol configuration register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Extended ID
Extended
Protocol
Singleshot
LED
New
serial
mode
Bit 2
Bit 1
Multitag Protocol
Bit 0
Autostart
Figure 12-5: Protocol configuration register
12.3.4.1
Auto start (default 1)
If set, the reader device will start up in continuous read mode automatically.
This is only valid in ASCII mode.
12.3.4.2
Protocol (default 0)
If Protocol is set to 1 , then the reader uses binary protocol mode. Refer to binary
protocol for further information on the binary protocol format.
Default setting = ASCII protocol (0).
12.3.4.3
Multitag (default 0)
The Multitag flag will enable multi-tag recognition in continuous read mode. All tags
are detected and displayed. Due to the more complex search algorithm, the
continuous read command decreases its detection speed.
12.3.4.4
New Serial Mode (default 0)
If New Serial Mode is set to 1 , new serial mode is enabled. The leading character
M is added to the serial number of ISO 14443 type A tags, a leading 'Z' character is
added to ISO 14443 type B tags and a leading 'S' character for SR176 tags.
12.3.4.5
LED (default 0)
If set the reader suppresses any LED activity. The user manages the state of the
LEDs.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
47
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.3.4.6
Single Shot (default 0)
If Single Shot is set, the reader displays the serial number of a tag in continuous read
mode once within a specified time-out. The time-out is defined at EEPROM register
0Fh.
The delay time can be adjusted stepwise in 100ms steps. 00h indicates no delay and
FFh indicates infinite delay.
12.3.4.7
Extended Protocol (default 1)
If Extended Protocol is set, the transfer data telegram command supports ISO144434 and automatically process the WTX and chaining for smaller frames.
If sending ISO 14443-3 commands this flag has to be switched off.
The transfer data telegram command is only supported in normal mode, not in
transmit / receive mode.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
48
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.3.4.8
Extend ID (default 0)
If Extended ID is set, the reader extends the serial number of tags with additional
bytes.
ISO 14443 A tags (5/8/11 bytes transmitted)
Tag type
Serial number
1 byte
4 / 7 / 10 bytes
Figure 12-6: ISO 14443 A Extended Serial number
The tag type byte indicates the type of cascade level.
Tag type
Description
00h
Cascade level 1 transponder
01h
Cascade level 2 transponder
02h
Cascade level 3 transponder
Figure 12-7: ISO 14443 A tag type
ISO 14443 B tags (12 bytes transmitted)
Serial number
Application data
Protocol info
CID
4 bytes
4 bytes
3 bytes
1 byte
Figure 12-8: ISO 14443 B Extended Serial number
For detailed description of Application Data, Protocol Info and CID, refer to the ISO
14443 documentation [1].
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
49
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.3.5 BAUD, Baud rate control register (0Ch)
The baud rate register defines the communication speed of the reader device.
Default value is 00h.
Baud rate register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
RFU
RFU
RFU
RFU
RFU
BS2
BS1
BS0
Figure 12-9: Baud rate register
This register defines the baud rate of the device.
BS2
BS1
BS0
Baud rate
0
0
0
9600 baud (default)
0
0
1
19200 baud
0
1
0
38400 baud
0
1
1
57600 baud
1
0
0
115200 baud
1
0
1
230400 baud (depends on the used interface
chip)
1
1
0
460800 baud (depends on the used interface
chip)
Figure 12-10: Baud rate settings
With the high baud rates (230400 and 460800 baud), proper operation depends on
the interface chip used. Please note that some of the interface chips available do not
support these high baud rates.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
50
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
The following table describes the exact baud rates used by the reader.
Baud rate
Exact baud rate
Difference
9600 baud
9603 baud
0.03 %
19200 baud
19207 baud
0.04 %
38400 baud
38305 baud
-0.25 %
57600 baud
57458 baud
-0.25 %
115200 baud
114915 baud
-0.25 %
230400 baud
233793 baud
1.47 %
460800 baud
452000 baud
-1.91 %
Figure 12-11: Exact baud rates
The following table describes the communication settings
Description
8 data bits
No parity bit
1 stop bit
No flow control
Figure 12-12: Communication settings
12.3.5.1
CF Card Version
The Baud rate of the CF Card version is limited to 115200 baud. 230400 and 460800
are not supported.
12.3.6 Command Guard Time (0Dh)
The Command Guard Time is used to ensure that commands are not sent to fast
consecutively. Following commands are sent after the guard time is elapsed. One
time slice is around 37,8us. The longest timeout value is 9,6ms (FFh).
The default value is 20h (1,2ms).
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
51
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.3.7 OPMODE, operating mode register (0Eh)
The operation mode register defines which tag types the reader supports. This
register enables fast tag recognition because only defined tag types are requested.
ICODE
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
(LSB)
ISO
14443A
Bit 3
SR176
Bit 4
ISO 15693
Bit 5
ICODE
EPC
Bit 6
ICODE
UID
RFU
Bit 7
(MSB)
ISO
14443B
Operation mode register
Figure 12-13: Operation mode register
12.3.8 Single Shot Time-out (0Fh)
The time-out value defines the delay time between two responses of the reader. It
only has effect in continuous read mode. To enable the time-out, the single shot flag
has to be set. See the protocol configuration register above. One time-out slice is
around 100ms. Exact timing depends on the protocol used.
Value 00h indicates no delay time.
Default value is 0Ah (1 second).
12.3.9 Protocol configuration 2 (13h)
The protocol configuration register 2 (PCON2) further specifies the general behavior
of the reader device.
Default value is 00h.
Protocol configuration 2 register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Disable Enable
ISO
Reset
ISO
14443 -4 14443B Recovery Time
AntiMultiplier
Error
Handling collision
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Noisy
Environment
Enable
binary
frame
v2
Disable
start-up
message
Disable
multitag
reset
Figure 12-14: Protocol configuration register
12.3.9.1
Disable multi-tag reset (default 0)
If set, the reader does not reset before the multi-tag list and multi-select command
have been performed.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
52
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.3.9.2
Disable start-up message (default 0)
If Disable start-up message is set, the reader suppresses the start-up message in
ASCII mode. This flag is ignored in binary protocol mode.
12.3.9.3
Enable binary frame v2 (default 0)
If Enable binary frame v2 is set, the reader sends version 2 binary frames.
The get station ID command always sends version 1 binary frames!
12.3.9.4
Noisy Environment (default 0)
If Noisy Environment is set, the continuous read mode can only be aborted with the '.'
character. When working in a noisy environment, the probability for a reception of an
arbitrary/stochastic signal is quite high. This implies a high probability of an
unintentional command execution. To reduce this probability, only one character (out
of 255) is chosen ( . ) to be interpreted as the continuous read stop command.
12.3.9.5
Reset Recovery Time Multiplier (default 0)
Multiplies the Reset Recovery Time, including the recovery time of the field reset
command.
Reset Recovery Time Multiplier
Reset Recovery Time
0
1x
1
2x
2
3x
3
4x
Figure 12-15: Reset Recovery Time Multiplier
12.3.9.6
Enable ISO14443 B Anti-collision (default 0)
If set, the anti-collision algorithm for ISO 14443 B tags is enabled.
12.3.9.7
Disable ISO 14443-4 Error Handling (default 0)
If Disable ISO 14443-4 Error Handling is set, ISO14443-4 Error Handling is disabled.
The error handling always uses the TMR time-out.
12.3.10
Reset Off Time (14h)
The Reset Off Time register represents the field off time in ms.
This register is used for the select, continuous read and multi-tag commands.
Default value is 0Ah.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
53
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.3.11
Reset Recovery Time (15h)
The Reset Recovery Time register represents the recovery time in ms after the field
is turned on.
This register is used for the select, continuous read and multi-tag commands.
Default value is 25h.
12.3.12
Application Family Identifier (16h)
The AFI (Application Family Identifier) is only supported for ISO14443B and
ISO15693 tags. If the set value is different from 00h, the AFI is used. Only
transponders with an identical AFI will answer to the reader.
Default value is 00h.
12.3.13
Selection Time-out ISO 14443A (17h)
The Selection Time-out represents the reader card communication time-out for the
select, high speed select, continuous read, multilist, multiselect and Mifare® login
command with ISO 14443A tags. Use low values for a better reaction time between
the card and the reader. One time slice is around 300us.
The default value is 10h.
12.3.14
Selection Time-out ISO 14443B (18h)
The Selection Time-out represents the reader card communication time-out for the
select, high speed select, continuous read, multilist and multiselect commands with
ISO 14443B tags. For a better reaction time, use low values. One time slice is around
300µs.
The default value is 50h.
12.3.15
Selection Time-out SR176 (19h)
The Selection Time-out represents the reader card communication time-out for the
select, continuous read, multilist and multiselect command with SR176 tags. For a
better reaction time, use low values. One time slice is around 300µs.
The default value is 10h.
12.3.16
Selection Time-out ISO 15693 (1Ah)
The Selection Time-out represents the reader card communication time-out for the
select, high speed select, continuous read, multilist, multiselect and Mifare® login
command with ISO 15693 tags. Use low values for a better reaction time between
the card and the reader. One time slice is around 300us.
The default value is 20h.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
54
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.3.17
Protocol configuration 3 (1Bh)
The protocol configuration register 3 (PCON3) further specifies the general behavior
of the reader device.
Default value is 00h.
Protocol configuration 3 register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
RFU
ReqA
Extended
ID
Bit 4
Bit 3
Internal use / do not
change
Bit 2
Page
Read
Bit 1
Bit 0
RFU
Disable
automatic
ISO 14443-4
timeouts
Figure 12-16: Protocol configuration register
12.3.17.1 Disable automatic ISO 14443-4 timeouts (default 0)
If Disable automatic ISO 14443-4 timeouts is set the automatic ISO 14443-4 timeouts
are disabled. The timeouts specified with TMR registers are used.
12.3.17.2 Page read (default 0)
If set the continuous read mode retrieves the content of the tag instead of the serial
number. The register Page Start (1Ch) defines the start block and the Page Number
(1Fh) defines the number of blocks to be read.
12.3.17.3 ReqA Extended ID (default 0)
If set the Extended ID information for ISO14443 A tags replaces the cascade level
information (1 byte) with Request A answer (2 bytes).
12.3.18
User data (80h - EFh)
These registers are for free use.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
55
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4 Instruction Set
Following table describes all the commands of the reader device. Each command
returns an answer to the host. Exceptions are mentioned explicitly. The green LED
acknowledges a successfully executed command. The red LED indicates an error.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
56
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.1 Common Commands Overview
Command
Description
'!'
Test continuous read / Check KTT upload status
'c'
Continuous read
'.'
Abort continuous read, refer to continuous read
'dg' / 'dn' / 'dr'
Set LED
'ds'
DES encryption / decryption of data
'f'
DESFire command set
'g'
Get ID
'h'
High speed select
'k'
Lock block
'm'
MultiTag select / tag list
'o+a' / 'o+b' / 'o+d' /
'o+e' / 'o+i' / 'o+s' /
'o+v'
Include tag type
'o-a' / 'o-b' / 'o-d' /
'o-e' / 'o-i' / 'o-s' /
'o-v'
Exclude tag type
'oa' / 'ob' / 'od' / 'oe' / Set tag type
'oi' / 'ot' / 'os' / 'ov'
'of'
Set configuration flags
'og'
Set configuration register
'poff' / 'pon'
Antenna power off/on
'pr' / 'pw'
Read / write user port
'q'
Quiet
'ra'
Resend last answer
'rp'
Read EEPROM register
'r' / 'rb'
Read block
's'
Select
'v'
Get version
'w' / 'wb'
Write block
'wp'
Write EEPROM register
Figure 12-17: Command overview (Part 1)
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
57
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Command
Description
'x'
Reset
'y'
Field reset
ISO 14443 Type A (Mifare) only commands
'+'
Increment value block (credit)
'-'
Decrement value block (debit)
'='
Copy value block (backup)
'l'
Login (authenticate tag)
'rv'
Read value block
'wv'
Write value block
Key Management
'ar'
Authenticate to reader
'ia'
Get key access rights
'it'
Get key status
'rt'
Reset key table
'ua'
Update key access rights
'uc'
Change key type
'uk'
Update key
my-d Secure commands
'!'
Check KTT upload status / Test continuous read
'*'
Abort KTT upload
'as'
Authenticate to sector
'ik'
Issue transponder key
'ut'
Prepare for KTT
'z'
my-d command
Figure 12-18: Command overview (Part 2)
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
58
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.2 Error Codes
Following figure shows an overview of all error messages of the reader device.
Error Code
Description
?
Unknown command
'C'
Collision or CRC/MAC Error
F
General failure
I
Invalid value format, specified block does not match the value
format
N
No tag in the field
'O'
Operation mode failure or file not selected
R
Command parameter out of range
'X'
Authentication failed
Figure 12-19: Error codes
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
59
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3 Common commands
12.4.3.1
Test Continuous Read / Check KTT Upload Status
This command tests the state of the continuous read command and the state of the
Prepare for KTT 'ut' command.
The test continuous read command is only valid in ASCII mode.
Command
Command
Data
'!'
None
Answer
Answer
Description
'!'
Continuous read mode is active.
00h
Keys from KTT successfully uploaded
01h
Error during key upload detected, upload aborted
02h
No KTT found, other tag was detected
FFh
Prepare for KTT is in awareness mode
'F'
Continuous read and Prepare for KTT is not active.
no response
Key uploading is in progress
12.4.3.2
Continuous Read
The reader device reads and displays serial numbers continuously while one or more
tags remain in the field. This command stops if any character is sent to the reader
module. The reader module returns the character S (53h).
The reader supports different tag types at the same time. To increase the reading
performance switch to a single tag mode. If more than one tag of the same type
should be detected at the same time, the Multitag flag must be activated. The
response data length depends on the tag type.
Command
Command
Data
'c'
None
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
60
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
Serial number (n bytes)
'N'
Error: No Tag in the field (only binary protocol)
12.4.3.2.1
Multitag continuous read mode
If the Multitag flag is set in the Protocol Configuration (PCON) register the reader
reads multiple tags continuously.
12.4.3.2.2
Auto start
The continuous read mode is started automatically in ASCII mode. The auto start flag
must be set in the PCON register.
12.4.3.2.3
Noisy Environment
If the Noisy Environment flag is set, the continuous read mode can only be aborted
with the '.' character.
This is only valid in ASCII mode.
12.4.3.2.4
Binary mode
This command is fully supported in binary protocol mode except the test continuous
read command and the noisy environment flag.
Do not use this command on bus system environment in binary mode, because the
continuous read mode will take possession of the bus system.
12.4.3.2.5
Simple access control applications
Serial numbers are always sent plain. Data encryption is activated after a successful
login.
For simple access control applications the use read-only blocks for the identification
of the tag is recommended.
Reading any block (even the manufacturer block) of the transponder will increase
your security.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
61
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.3
Set LED
This command controls the LED activity. If the LED flag is set, the automatic LED
function is switched off. The user can set the state of the LED manually.
Command
Command
Data
'dg'
None
'dr'
None
'dn'
None
Answer
Answer
Description
'DG'
'DR'
'DN'
String of LED state
Example
Command
Answer
Description
'dg'
DG
Switch on LED green, LED red off
'dr'
DR
Switch on LED red, LED green off
'dn'
DN
Switch off both LEDs
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
62
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.4
DES encryption / decryption of data
This command returns 8 bytes of encrypted / decrypted data.
Command
Command
Data
'ds'
Options (1 byte)
Key (8/16 bytes) / Key Number (1 byte)
Data (8 byte)
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
Encrypted / Decrypted data (8 bytes)
Option byte
Option byte
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
RFU
RFU
RFU
RFU
RFU
Encode
Key
Length
Key
Index
Key Index
If the Key Index is set, the command only needs the key number (1 byte) instead of
the key (8/16 bytes).
The key number corresponds to the key number used in the key management.
Key Length
If the Key Length is set, the command uses the TDES algorithm with 16-byte key.
If cleared, the command uses the DES algorithm with 8-byte key.
If key index is used the key length flag is valid.
Encode
Setting this flag encodes the data.
Clearing this flag decodes the data.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
63
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.5
Get ID
This command returns the station ID of the reader device. The answer is time slotted
to enable the detection of all devices in party line mode.
The station ID has only effect in binary mode.
Command
Command
Data
'g'
None
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
Station ID of the reader device (1 byte)
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
64
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.5.1
Time slotted answer
In party line mode, more than one reader can be used simultaneously. The time
slotted answer allows separating in time the answers from all connected devices. The
station ID is used to determine the correct time slot.
The reader supports up to 254 unique time slots. The following formula calculates the
duration of one time slot (only one baud rate is supported per party line):
T0 [ s ]
10
*6
Baudrate
Figure 12-20: Time slot formula
The following figure shows the timing diagram of time slotted answers.
Timeslot
HOST
0
1
2
3
4
5
252
253
254
T0
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T252
T253
T254
'g'
Reader (01)
01
Reader (03)
03
Reader (04)
04
Reader (254)
254
Figure 12-21: Timing diagram of time slotted answers
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
65
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.5.2
Binary Protocol Version 2
This command never sends version 2 binary frames.
12.4.3.6
High speed select
This command selects a card in the antenna field (according to the selection criteria)
or prepares a multiselect command, switches to high baud rates and enables 256byte frames. If execution is successful, the command returns the UID of the selected
card and the used baud rate. The reader automatically detects the maximum frame
size of the card. The reader also tries to communicate to the transponder with the
specified baud rate. If no communication is possible, the reader will automatically
decrease the speed to the next lower value.
This command can also force the reader to the communication speed and frame size
of the tag to the specified values. This is only needed if the high speed select is done
manually with the transfer command.
Command
Command
Data
h
Option byte (1 byte)
00h
02h
04h
08h
select a single card with 106kBaud
select a single card with 212kBaud
select a single card with 424kBaud
select a single card with 848kBaud
10h
12h
14h
18h
prepare next multiselect for 106kbaud
prepare next multiselect for 212kbaud
prepare next multiselect for 424kbaud
prepare next multiselect for 848kbaud
20h
22h
24h
28h
forces reader to 106kBaud
forces reader to 212kBaud
forces reader to 424kBaud
forces reader to 848kBaud
30h
38h
force tag frame size
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
66
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Answer
Answer
Description
Data (n bytes) Serial number + frame size used and baud rate
+ frame size
and baud rate
(1byte)
'F'
Error: General failure
N
Error: No Tag in the field
Examples
High speed select
Command
Description
h08
1234567890ABCD84
Select the card with UID 1234567890SABCD.
The card supports a 256-byte frame size and 424kBaud on the
air interface.
High speed multiselect
Command
Description
h18
m1234567890ABCD<CR>
Prepare next multiselect for 848kBd
1234567890ABCD84
Select the card with UID 1234567890SABCD.
The card supports a 256-byte frame size and
424kBaud on the air interface.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
67
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.6.1
Answer from 0xh and 1xh
The lower nibble contains the baud rate used for the air interface.
Baud Rate
Description
x0
106kBaud
x2
212kBaud
x4
424kBaud
x8
848kBaud
Figure 12-22: Baud Rate values
The higher nibble contains the frame size used for the air interface.
Frame Size
Description
0x
16 Bytes
1x
24 Bytes
2x
32 Bytes
3x
40 Bytes
4x
48 Bytes
5x
64 Bytes
6x
96 Bytes
7x
128 Bytes
8x
256 Bytes
Figure 12-23: Frame Size
12.4.3.6.2
Answer from 2xh and 3xh
The option byte is returned as the answer.
12.4.3.6.3
Select a single tag
No previous continuous read is required. The command executes an automatic field
reset.
12.4.3.6.4
Extended ID
See above for more information on Extended ID.
The RATS answer is inserted between the serial number and baud rate / frame size
byte for ISO14443 A tags.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
68
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.6.5
Multiple tags
This command with parameter 1xh prepares the next multiselect command as a highspeed select. Any other command will disable the preparation.
12.4.3.6.6
RATS Guard Time SFGT
A high-speed select with parameters 0xh and 1xh automatically waits the SFGT
guard time received from the tag before sending the PPS command.
12.4.3.7
Lock block
This command locks a block permanently. Only SR176 and ISO 15693 tags are
supported.
Command
Command
Data
'k'
Block address (1 byte)
Answer
Answer
Description
data
'K' + page address
'F'
Error: Lock failure
'N'
Error: No tag in field
'O'
Error: Operation mode failure (only SR176 and ISO 15693
tags are supported)
'X'
Error: Block already locked
Example
Command
Description
k05
K05
Lock block 05.
12.4.3.7.1
Operation mode failure 'O'
The presented tag is not a SR176 or a ISO 15693 tag.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
69
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.7.2
Apply settings
After locking a block permanently, the tag needs to be selected for the settings to
apply.
12.4.3.8
Multi-Tag Selection / List
This command detects several tags at the same time. It replaces the fast select
command ('s') in multiple tag surroundings. The Multi-Tag List command lists all tags
with their serial numbers. Use the Multi-Tag Select command to select a single tag.
Each tag has to be selected separately.
Command
Command
Data
'm'
Serial number (n bytes)
<CR> (1 byte)
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
serial number
'N'
Error: No Tag in the field
Example
Command
Description
m<CR>
04E9E700000000
34030F07
02
m04E9E700000000<CR>
Select card with its serial number
12.4.3.8.1
first card
second card
number of detected tags
Multi-tag list
Sending a <CR> as the first parameter, the reader returns a list of all tags present in
the antenna field. In the end the total number of tags detected is returned.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
70
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.8.2
Reading distance
Each card needs a specific amount of power. The reader always provides the same
power level. Therefore, the reading distance will decrease if more tags are present.
Basically, the reading distance depends on the tag, the antenna and the tuning of the
antenna.
12.4.3.8.3
Multi-tag select
Using the serial number with <CR> as parameter, the corresponding tag will be
selected. High-level interactions can be performed addressing only this card. All
other tags remain silent.
12.4.3.8.4
Multi-tag reset
The antenna field reset can be deactivated with the Protocol configuration 2 register.
By suppressing the antenna field reset, it is possible to detect only new tags in the
antenna field.
12.4.3.8.5
Maximum number of tags
The maximum number of tags in the antenna field is limited to 64 and by the physical
characteristics of the antenna.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
71
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.9
Include tag type
This command includes a specific tag type to those addressed by the reader device.
Command
Command
Data
o+
Tag type (1 byte)
Answer
Answer
Description
'O+' + tag type (1 byte)
Command code + String of tag type
Tag type character
Refer to Set tag type.
Example
Command
Description
o+a
Include ISO14443-A to the tag types addressed
by the reader device.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
72
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.10 Exclude tag type
This command excludes a specific tag type from being addressed by the reader
device.
Command
Command
Data
o-
Tag type (1 byte)
Answer
Answer
Description
'O-' + tag type (1 byte)
Command code + String of tag type
Tag type character
Refer to Set tag type.
Example
Command
Description
o-a
Exclude ISO14443-A from the tag types
addressed by the reader device.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
73
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.11 Set tag type
This command sets up the reader for a specific tag type. The continuous read
function will speed up because only this type of tag is addressed. After a reset, the
reader starts as defined in its start-up configuration.
Command
Command
Data
'o'
ISO type (1 byte)
'a'
ISO 14443 Type A
'b'
ISO 14443 Type B
'd'
ICODE UID
'e'
ICODE EPC
'i'
ICODE
's'
SR176
't'
activate all tags
'v' ... ISO 15693
Answer
Answer
Description
'OA'
'OB'
'OD'
'OE'
'OI'
'OS'
'OT'
'OV'
String of tag type
Example
Command
Description
oa
Sets the reader device to address ISO14443-A type tags.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
74
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.12 Set Configuration Flags
This command allows setting some configuration flags just in time; no reset is
needed. The values are not stored in the EEPROM; therefore the changed values
are not available after a reset.
Command
Command
Data
of
flag type (1 byte)
data (1 byte)
Answer
Answer
Description
Data (1 byte)
Current state of changed flag.
'R'
Error: Out of range
Example
Command
Description
of0101
Answer: 01
Enables the New Serial Mode flag.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
75
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Flag Types
The following table shows the Flag Type with its corresponding flag from the
specified Protocol Configuration Register.
Flag
Type
Corresponding Flag
Protocol
Configuration
Register
Valid
values
00h
Multitag
1
00 / 01
01h
New Serial Mode
1
00 / 01
02h
LED
1
00 / 01
03h
Single Shot
1
00 / 01
04h
Extended Protocol
1
00 / 01
05h
Extended ID
1
00 / 01
06h
Disable Multitag Reset
2
00 / 01
07h
Noisy Environment
2
00 / 01
08h
Reset Recovery Time
Multiplier
2
09h
Enable ISO14443 B Anticollision
2
00 / 01
0Ah
Disable ISO14443-4 Error
Handling
2
00 / 01
0Bh
Disable automatic
ISO14443-4 timeouts
3
00 / 01
0Dh
Page Read
3
00 / 01
11h
ReqA Extended ID
3
00 / 01
00
03
Figure 12-24: Flag Type with corresponding flag
12.4.3.12.1 Out of range failure 'R'
The entered flag type is out of range.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
76
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.13 Set Configuration Register
This command allows setting some configuration registers just in time; no reset is
needed. The values are not stored in the EEPROM; therefore the changed values
are not available after a reset.
Command
Command
Data
og
Register type (1 byte)
data (1 byte)
Answer
Answer
Description
Data (1 byte)
Current state of changed register.
'R'
Error: Out of range
Example
Command
Description
og0450
Answer: 50
Sets the Reset Recovery Time to 50h.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
77
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Register Types
The following table shows the Register Type with its corresponding register.
Register Type
Corresponding Register
00h
Single shot time-out value
01h
Internal use / Do not change
02h
Internal use / Do not change
03h
Reset Off Time
04h
Reset Recovery Time
05h
ISO 14443A Selection Time-out
06h
ISO 14443B Selection Time-out
07h
SR176 Selection Time-out
08h
AFI
0Ch
Page Read Start
0Dh
Page Read Number
0Eh
Command Guard Time
Figure 12-25: Register Type with corresponding register
12.4.3.13.1 Out of range failure 'R'
The entered register type is out of range.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
78
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.14 Antenna power on/off
This command controls the antenna power. It can be used to decrease the power
consumption of the reader.
Command
Command
Data
'pon'
Switch reader on
'poff'
Put reader in standby mode
Answer
Answer
Description
'P'
Positive acknowledge
Example
Command
Description
poff
Put reader in standby mode
12.4.3.14.1 Power off
The reader enters standby mode. Power consumption is decreased. All tags in the
antenna field are powered off and reset. Standby mode is only entered manually.
To switch off the whole unit, pin 16 (Enable) has to be set to logic low.
12.4.3.14.2 Power on
The reader leaves standby mode and is ready for the next command. Sending a tag
command (i.e. select, continuous read) the reader is powered up.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
79
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.15 Read/Write user port
This command sets or reads the state of the user port (pin 14) of the OEM reader
device. The port is set either as output or as input.
Command
Command
Data
'pr'
None
'pw'
State of user port (1 Byte)
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
State of user port (1 Byte)
'C'
Error: Error correction fails
'F'
Error: Transmission Error / No answer received
Example
Command
Description
pr
Reads user port
pw01
Sets user port state to high
12.4.3.15.1 Read port
The port read command returns the current state of the USER port.
Port state
Description
00h
USER port is low
01h
USER port is high
Figure 12-26: Read USER port return values
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
80
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.15.2 Write port
If user port is used as an output, a 1k resistor has to be integrated into the wire.
Otherwise the reader device can be damaged.
Port state
Description
00h
Sets USER port to low
01h
Sets USER port to high
02h
7Fh
80h - FFh
RFU
Sends a serial data frame and checks the received frame
Figure 12-27: Write User port settings
Sending a Data Frame
If the highest bit (MSB) is set in the State of the User Port, the command sends a
serial data frame out the USER port.
The frame includes a start bit, 8 data bits, parity bit and a stop bit.
Transmit
Frame
Description
Low
Start bit
Low
RFU
Data Bit 6
State of the User Port Bit 6
Data Bit 5
State of the User Port Bit 5
Data Bit 4
State of the User Port Bit 4
Data Bit 3
State of the User Port Bit 3
Data Bit 2
State of the User Port Bit 2
Data Bit 1
State of the User Port Bit 1
Data Bit 0
State of the User Port Bit 0
Parity Bit
Even Parity Bit
High
Stop Bit
Figure 12-28: Sending Serial Data Frame
After 2ms Guard Time the answer should be received on the User Port otherwise an
error is returned.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
81
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Receive
Frame
Low
Error Bit
Description
Start bit
If set, an error was detected.
Data Bit 6
State of the User Port Bit 6
Data Bit 5
State of the User Port Bit 5
Data Bit 4
State of the User Port Bit 4
Data Bit 3
State of the User Port Bit 3
Data Bit 2
State of the User Port Bit 2
Data Bit 1
State of the User Port Bit 1
Data Bit 0
State of the User Port Bit 0
Parity Bit
Even Parity Bit
High
Stop Bit
Figure 12-29: Receiving Serial Data Frame
If the Error bit is set or the Parity Bit is not correct, the Write User Port command
returns an error code.
12.4.3.16 Quiet
This command sets a selected tag into halt state. Only ISO14443 A+B and SR176
tags are supported.
Command
Command
Data
'q'
None
Answer
Answer
Description
'Q'
Halt state successfully set.
'N'
Error: No Tag in the field
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
82
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.16.1 ISO 14443 Type A
With ISO14443 Type A tags, the Quiet command always answers with 'Q' because
the halt command does not send any acknowledge.
12.4.3.16.2 ISO 14443 Type B
Some ISO14443 Type B tags do not support this command or do not respond. Quiet
is an ISO 14443-4 command, so it will work only if the Deselect command is
supported by the corresponding transponder.
12.4.3.16.3 SR176
With SR176 tags the Quiet command always answer with 'Q' because the completion
command does not send any acknowledge.
12.4.3.17 Resend Last Answer
This command resends the last answer from the internal serial buffer of the reader.
Command
Command
Data
'ra'
Resend last answer
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
83
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.18 Read block
This command reads a data block on a card. The size of the returned data depends
on the tag used. The block address range depends on the tag as well.
Command
Command
Data
'r'
Block address (1 byte), valid range 00h
'rb'
Block address (1 byte)
40h
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
data block (depends on tag type)
'F'
Error: read failure
'N'
Error: No tag in field
'O'
Error: Operation mode failure
'R'
Error: Out of range
Example
Command
Description
rb05
Reads block 05.
12.4.3.18.1 Read failure 'F'
This error is returned if either the reader receives bad data or the block address
exceeds the block address range of the sector.
12.4.3.18.2 No tag in field 'N'
The tag does not respond. There is either no tag present or addressed.
12.4.3.18.3 Operation mode failure 'O'
The presented tag is not ISO14443 type A, SR 176, ICode, ICode-UID and ISO
15693 compliant.
For ISO 14443 type A only Mifare tags are supported.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
84
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.18.4 Out of range failure 'R'
The block address of the 'r' command is higher than 40h.
The block address of the 'r' command conflicts with other commands, therefore the
block address has to be limited to 40h.
Use the 'rb' command instead.
12.4.3.19 Read reader EEPROM
This command reads the internal reader EEPROM. It contains all start-up parameters
and the device ID. Changes in the start-up settings will only go into effect after a
reset of the device.
Command
Command
Data
'rp'
EEPROM address (1 byte) 00h
EFh
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
EEPROM data (1 byte)
'R'
Error: Out of range failure
Example
Command
Description
rp0B
Reads protocol configuration register.
12.4.3.19.1 Out of range failure 'R'
The entered EEPROM address is not valid.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
85
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.20 Select
This command selects a single card in the antenna field. It can only be used in single
tag mode. If successfully executed, the command returns the UID of the selected
card. The reader detects the length of the UID automatically.
Command
Command
Data
's'
None
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
serial number
'N'
Error: No Tag in the field
Example
Command
Description
s
1234567890ABCD
Select the card with UID 1234567890SABCD.
12.4.3.20.1 Select a single tag
No previous continuous read is required. The command executes an automatic field
reset.
12.4.3.20.2 Extended ID
See above for more information on Extended ID.
12.4.3.20.3 Multiple tags
This command is designed for fast access of a single tag in the field. If multiple cards
are used the 'm' instruction has to be used instead.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
86
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.21 Get Version
This command returns the current version of the reader module.
Command
Command
Data
'v'
None
Answer
Answer
Description
'MultiISO 1.0' + <CR> + <LF>
ASCII Mode
02 00 0C 4D 75 6C 74 69 49 53 4F 20 31 Binary Mode
2E 30 1F 03
Example
Command
Description
v
MultiISO 1.0
Version of the reader module
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
87
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.22 Write block
This command writes data to a block. A read is done automatically after every write
to ensure correct writing.
Command
Command
Data
'w'
Block address (1 byte), valid range 00h
Data (n bytes)
'wb'
Block address (1 byte)
Data (n bytes)
40h
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
Data block (depends on tag type)
'F'
Error: Write failure
'N'
Error: No tag in field
'O'
Error: Operation mode failure
'R'
Error: Out of range
Example
Command
Description
wb0511223344
Writes data 11223344 on block 05.
12.4.3.22.1 Write failure 'F'
This error is displayed if bad transmission conditions are given. If the block address
exceeds the physical number of blocks of a tag, this error is shown.
12.4.3.22.2 No tag error 'N'
This error is returned if no tag is present or the card does not respond.
12.4.3.22.3 Operation mode failure 'O'
The presented tag is not ISO14443 type A, SR 176, ICode, ICode-UID and ISO
15693 compliant.
For ISO 14443 type A only Mifare tags are supported.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
88
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.22.4 Out of range failure 'R'
The block address of the 'w' command is higher than 40h.
The block address of the 'w' command conflicts with other commands, therefore the
block address has to be limited to 40h.
Use the 'wb' command instead.
12.4.3.23 Write EEPROM
Writes to the internal reader EEPROM. It contains all start-up parameters and the
device ID. Changes to the start-up settings will only go into effect after a reset of the
device.
Command
Command
Data
'wp'
Address (1 byte), valid range 0Ah - EFh
Data (1 byte)
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
EEPROM data (1 byte)
'F'
Error: Read after write failure
'R'
Error: Out of range failure
Example
Command
Description
wp0A01
Set EEPROM address 0A (Station ID) to 01h
12.4.3.23.1 Out of range failure 'R'
The entered address exceeds the address range.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
89
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.24 Reset
This command executes a power on (software) reset. New configuration settings will
be loaded. It resets all tags in the antenna field.
Command
Command
Data
'x'
None
Answer
Answer
Description
MultiISO 1.0' + <CR> +
<LF>
ASCII Mode
None
Binary Mode
12.4.3.24.1 Disable Start-up Message
If the start-up message is disabled in the protocol configuration register 2, the ASCII
mode does not respond with the version of the reader.
12.4.3.24.2 Reset Timing
The power up timing depends on environmental conditions such as voltage ramp up.
For handheld devices the timing can vary based on the charge state of the battery.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
90
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.3.25 Field Reset
The field reset switches off the antenna field for the specified duration. All tags need
a certain amount of time to initialize before a command can be processed. The
second byte specifies the field recovery time.
Command
Command
Data
'y'
Off time in milliseconds (1 byte)
Field recovery time in milliseconds (1 byte)
Answer
Answer
Description
'Y'
After the field reset the reader sends back a Y to
acknowledge the command.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
91
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.4 ISO 14443 Type A (Mifare) only commands
12.4.4.1
Increment value block (credit)
Increments a value block with a defined value. A read is done automatically after a
write to verify data integrity. The command fails if the source block is not in value
block format. A previous login is needed to access a block.
Command
Command
Data
'+'
Block (1 byte)
Value (4 bytes)
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
Value (4 bytes)
'I'
Error: value block failure
'F'
Error: increment failure
'N'
Error: No tag in field
'O'
Error: Operation mode failure
Example
Command
Description
+0400000001 Adds 1 to value block 4
+0500000100 Adds 256 to value block 5
12.4.4.1.1
No value block 'I'
Specified block does not match the value format. The value block is corrupted. A
backup block can be used to restore the correct value.
12.4.4.1.2
Increment failure 'F'
This indicates a general failure during the increment procedure or an inability to read
after the write process.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
92
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.4.1.3
No tag error 'N'
The reader does not detect a response from the tag. There is either no tag present or
the tag does not respond to the request.
12.4.4.1.4
Operation mode failure 'O'
The tag is not ISO14443 type A compliant.
12.4.4.2
Decrement value block (debit)
Decrements a value block with a defined value. A read is done automatically after the
write to verify data integrity. The command fails if the source block is not in value
block format. A previous login is needed to access a block.
Command
Command
Data
'-'
Block (1 byte)
Value (4 bytes)
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
Value (4 bytes)
'I'
Error: value block failure
'F'
Error: decrement failure
'N'
Error: No tag in field
'O'
Error: Operation mode failure
Example
Command
Description
-0400000001 Subtract 1 to value block 4
-0500000100 Subtract 256 to value block 5
12.4.4.2.1
No value block 'I'
Specified block does not match the value format. The value block is corrupted. A
backup block can be used to restore the correct value.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
93
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.4.2.2
Decrement failure 'F'
This indicates a general failure during the decrement procedure or an inability to read
after the write process.
12.4.4.2.3
No tag error 'N'
The reader does not detect a response from the tag. There is either no tag present or
the tag does not respond to the request.
12.4.4.2.4
Operation mode failure 'O'
The tag is not ISO14443 type A compliant.
12.4.4.3
Copy value block (backup)
Copies a value block to another block of the same sector. A read is done
automatically after the write to ensure data integrity. Used for backup and error
recovery. A previous login is needed to access a block.
Command
Command
Data
'='
Source block (1 byte)
Target block (1 byte)
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
New value of target block (4 bytes).
'I'
Error: value block failure
'F'
Error: copy failure
'N'
Error: No tag in field
'O'
Error: Operation mode failure
Example
Command
Description
=0405
Copy value block 4 to block 5
=0506
Copy value block 5 to block 6
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
94
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.4.3.1
Target block
The target block does not need to be a valid value block. If the source block is not in
value format, the command fails.
12.4.4.3.2
No value block 'I'
Source value block is not in a valid value block. The value block is corrupted. A
backup block can be used to restore the correct value.
12.4.4.3.3
Copy failure 'F'
This indicates a general failure during the copy procedure or an inability to read after
the write process.
12.4.4.3.4
No tag error 'N'
The reader does not detect a response of the tag. There is either no tag present or
the tag does not respond to the request.
12.4.4.3.5
Operation mode failure 'O'
The tag is not ISO14443 type A compliant.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
95
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.4.4
Login (authenticate tag)
Performs an authentication in order to access one sector of a Mifare® card. Only one
sector can be accessed at a time.
Command
Command
Data
'l'
Sector (1 byte), valid range 00h - 3Fh
Key type (1 byte)
AAh authenticate with key type A
FFh authenticate with key type A, transport key
FFFFFFFFFFFFh
BBh authenticate with key type B
10h
2Fh authenticate with key type A using stored
key (00h
1Fh)
30h
4Fh authenticate with key type B using stored
key (00h
1Fh)
Key (6 bytes) / <CR> (1 byte), optional
By transmitting <CR> instead of the keydata
authentication is done with manufacturer s transport
keys (A0A1A2A3A4A5h, B0B1B2B3B4B5h,
FFFFFFFFFFFFh).
Answer
Answer
Description
data
Login status (1 byte)
'L'
Login success
'F'
Error: General failure
'N'
Error: No tag
'O'
Error: Operation mode failure
'R'
Error: Out of range
'X'
Error: Authentication failed
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
96
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Example
Command
Description
l02AA<CR>
Authenticate for sector 2, using the transport key A
(A0A1A2A3A4A5h, key type A)
l3FBB<CR>
Authenticate for sector 63, using the transport
key 2 (B0B1B2B3B4B5h, key type B)
l04FF<CR>
Authenticate for sector 4, using the transport key 3
(FFFFFFFFFFFFh, key type A)
l0FAAFFFFFFFFFFFF
Authenticate for sector 15, using key
FFFFFFFFFFFFh, key type A
l0E14
Authenticate for sector 14, using EEPROM key 4,
key type A
l0530
Authenticate for sector 5, using EEPROM key 0,
key type B
l0732
Authenticate for sector 7, using EEPROM key 2,
key type B
l0110
Authenticate for sector 1, using EEPROM key 0,
key type A
l0ABBFF12FFFFFF35
Authenticate for sector 10, using key
FF12FFFFFF35h, key type B
12.4.4.4.1
No tag error 'N'
The reader does not detect a response from the tag. There is either no tag present or
the tag does not respond to the request.
12.4.4.4.2
Operation mode failure 'O'
The tag is not ISO14443 type A compliant.
12.4.4.4.3
Out of range failure 'R'
The entered key type or the sector is out of range.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
97
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.4.4.4
<CR>
Three transport keys are implemented to access cards quickly.
By transmitting <CR> instead of the key, the reader module uses the transport keys
for the login procedure.
Command
Description
LxxAA<CR>
Authenticate for sector xx, using the transport key 1
(A0A1A2A3A4A5h, key type A)
LxxBB<CR>
Authenticate for sector xx, using the transport key 2
(B0B1B2B3B4B5h, key type B)
LxxFF<CR>
Authenticate for sector xx, using the transport key 3
(FFFFFFFFFFFFh, key type A)
12.4.4.4.5
Login with key data from EEPROM
Each key stored in the reader EEPROM can be used as type A or type B key. To use
a key as type A, the value 10h must be added to the key index. 30h must be added
to use a key as type B.
12.4.4.4.6
Usage of key A, key B
Mifare® cards support two different crypto keys for each sector. Each key is 32 bits
long and is stored in the sector trailer (last block of the sector) on the card. It is
possible to set different access rights for each key.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
98
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.4.5
Read value block
Reads a value block. The command checks if data is in value block format. The read
value block command needs a successful login.
Command
Command
Data
'rv'
Value block (1 byte)
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
Read value (4 bytes)
'F'
Error: General failure
'I'
Error: value block failure
'N'
Error: No tag in field
'O'
Error: Operation mode failure
Example
Command
Description
rv04
Reads value of block 4.
12.4.4.5.1
No value block 'I'
The value read back after the write value command is not a value block. Data was
written corruptly.
12.4.4.5.2
No tag error 'N'
This means that the tag does not respond, because either there is no tag present or
none of the tags in the field are authenticated ('l' instruction).
12.4.4.5.3
General failure 'F'
In addition to the case of a data read failure caused by bad transmission conditions,
this error is returned if a sector is addressed which is not located in the authenticated
area.
12.4.4.5.4
Operation mode failure 'O'
The tag is not ISO14443 type A compliant.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
99
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.4.6
Write value block
This command formats a block as a value block containing a 32-bit value. A read is
performed automatically after the write. Value blocks need a complete 16-byte block
due to redundant storage. A successful login is required to run the command.
Command
Command
Data
'wv'
Value block (1 byte)
Value (4 bytes)
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
Written value (4 bytes)
'I'
Error: value block failure
'F'
Error: write failure
'N'
Error: No tag in field
'O'
Error: Operation mode failure
Example
Command
Description
wv05010055EF Writes value 010055EFh to block 5.
12.4.4.6.1
Invalid value 'I'
The value read back after the write value command is not a value block. Data was
written corruptly.
12.4.4.6.2
Write failure 'F'
In addition to the case of a data read failure caused by bad transmission conditions,
this error is returned if a sector is addressed which is not located in the authenticated
area.
12.4.4.6.3
No tag error 'N'
This error is returned if no tag is present or the card does not respond.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
100
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.4.6.4
Operation mode failure 'O'
The tag is not ISO14443 type A compliant.
12.4.4.6.5
Writing values
The write value block command is designed to create blocks in value format. This
command requires write access to the specified block. Using this instruction for
ticketing operations is not recommended. For ticketing applications, special
instructions (Increment/Decrement/Copy) are available.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
101
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.5 Key Management
The Key Management is able to store up to 32 keys and is also able to manage 3
different key types.
If no key is available to login into the reader, it is possible to reset the key table
without any authentication.
Key type
12.4.5.1
Description
01
my-d Secure key
02
DES key
03
Mifare key
Authenticate to reader
This command logs into a reader. Only my-d Secure and DES keys are allowed to
login into reader. After successful log in the key table of the reader can be changed.
The authentication does 2 two-pass authentications, defined in ISO 9798 part 2,
within two steps. Following commands need a prior log in:
Update key
Update key access rights
Change key type
Reset key table
Command
Command
Data
Step 1: 'ar'
Option x1h (1 byte)
Key type (1 byte)
Key index (1 byte)
Step 2: 'ar'
Option x2h (1 byte)
Random number key Management (8 bytes)
MAC key Management (8 bytes)
Answer
Answer
Description
Step 1
Random number reader (8 bytes)
Step 2
MAC reader (8 bytes)
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
102
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Option
The option byte defines the authentication step and type of authentication.
Bit
Description
0-1
Authentication Steps
0: Log out
1: Step 1
2: Step 2
2
RFU
6
7
Authentication Algorithm
0: 2 two pass authentications
1: RFU
Key index
The key index of Step 1 points to a valid key with the access rights to login into the
reader.
The key index is zero based.
Log out
It is possible to log out with Authentication Step 0.
Default Keys
The following keys are default:
Key Type
Key
my-d
01020407080B0D0E10131516191A1C1Fh
Default Master key
DESFire
00000000000000000000000000000000h
Mifare
A0A1A2A3A4A5h
Mifare
B0B1B2B3B4B5h
Mifare
FFFFFFFFFFFFh
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
103
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Two-Pass Authentication Flow Diagram
Host
1. Start Authentication Step 1
Reader
StartAuth
2. Generate Random number
RndRdr
RndRdr
3. Reply Random number
4. Generate Random number
RndH
5. Calculate the MAC of the
key management
MacH = Enc(RndRdr)
6. Transmit Random number
and MAC: RndKm,MacH
RndKm,MacH
7. Check the received MacH
RndRdr = Dec(MacH)
8. Calculate the MAC of the
reader
MacRdr = Enc(RndH)
MacRdr
9. Reply MAC
10. Check the received
MacRdr
RndH = Dec(MacRdr)?
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
104
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.5.2
Get Key Access Rights
This command returns the access rights of a key.
Command
Command
Data
'ia'
Key type (1 byte)
Key index (1 byte)
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
Access rights (2 bytes). Higher Byte is send first
Access Rights
Only the default master key has all access rights. New keys got the default value
0000h.
Bit
Description
0
Allow Add Key
1
Allow Update Key
2
Allow Delete Key
3
Allow Reset Key table
4-7
RFU
8
RFU (Disable Serial Encryption)
9
Disable Authentication Tag
10
Allow Authentication Reader
11
Allow Changing Access rights
12
Allow Key Type changing
13
Allow 'ds' encryption
14 - 15
RFU
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
105
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.5.3
Get key status
This command reports the key status of the reader. The reader lists for each key the
key information. This command is used to inform the key management about the key
status. The first byte of the response lists the number of stored keys.
Command
Command
Data
it
key type (1)
Answer
Answer
Description
my-d Secure
Data
Number of keys (1 byte)
[Key information (8 bytes)]
Free User part (1 byte)
Project ID (3 bytes)
Logical Sector ID (1 byte)
Key type (1 byte)
KVV (2 bytes)
DES Data
Number of keys (1 byte)
[Key information (10 bytes)]
Option byte (1 byte)
Free User part (9 bytes)
Mifare Data
Number of keys (1 byte)
[Key information 10 bytes)]
Free User part (10 bytes)
More than 255 bytes
If the amount of data exceeds 255 bytes, than the answer is divided into more
frames.
If a frame follows, the Number of keys byte is extended with a set MSB (80h).
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
106
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.5.4
Reset key table
The reset key table clears all key entries in the reader. Afterwards the default keys
are loaded automatically.
It is only allowed to reset the key table after a successful authentication to the reader.
If no keys are available to login into the reader, it is possible to reset the key table
without an authentication.
Command
Command
Data
rt
None
Answer
Answer
Description
RT
In case of success
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
107
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.5.5
Update key access rights
This command is able to change the access rights of a key.
It is only allowed to change the access rights after a successful authentication to the
reader with a key permitted to change the access rights.
Command
Command
Data
ua
Key type (1 byte)
Key index (1 byte)
Access rights (2 bytes)
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
Access rights (2 bytes). Higher Byte has to be sent first.
Access rights
For more detailed information refer to "Get key access rights".
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
108
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.5.6
Change key type
This command is able to change the key type. Be sure the key information data are
suitable to the key type.
It is only allowed to change the key type after a successful authentication to the
reader with a key permitted to change the key type.
Command
Command
Data
uc
Key type (1 byte)
Key index (1 byte)
New key type (1 bytes)
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
Access rights (2 bytes)
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
109
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.5.7
Update key
The update key command stores, modifies or deletes a key in the reader key table. A
key is identified with its key information data. The key information data has to be
unique within the same key type.
If a key is erased the key data must be dropped.
It is only allowed to update the key type after a successful authentication to the
reader with a key permitted the necessary rights.
Command
Command
Data
my-d Secure
uk
Key type 01h (1 byte)
Action (1 byte)
Key information data (8 bytes)
Free User Part (1 byte)
Project ID (3 bytes)
Logical Sector ID (1 byte)
Key type (1 byte)
KVV (2 bytes)
Key Data (8 / 16 bytes)
DES
'uk'
Key type 02h (1 byte)
Action (1 byte)
Key information data (10 bytes)
Option (1 byte)
Free user part (9 bytes)
Key Data (16 bytes)
Mifare
'uk'
Key type 03h (1 byte)
Action (1 byte)
Key information data (10 bytes)
Free user part (10 bytes)
Key Data (16 bytes)
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
Index of key (1 byte)
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
110
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Action
The Action byte defines the action of the key.
Action
Description
Axh
Add / Update key
5xh
Delete Key
x1h
my-d Secure key A
x2h
my-d Secure key B
my-d Secure key
For more detailed information on key information data refer to Infineon
documentation.
DES key option byte
Bit
0
1-7
Description
0
1
16 byte key
8 byte key
RFU
In case of an 8-byte key, the first 8 bytes of the key data are valid.
Mifare key
Only the first 6 bytes of key data are valid.
Number of stored keys
The key management is able to store up to 32 keys.
Encryption
Key Data for DESFire and Mifare keys has to be encrypted with the login key in CBC
mode. my-d S keys are enciphered every 8 byte block separately without CBC mode.
CBC mode
The data stream has to be divided into blocks of 8 bytes. The last enciphered block
has to be XORed with the next plain block.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
111
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
block2
Enc
Enc(block1)
Enc(block2)
XOR
12.4.6 my-d Secure
Note that ISO 14443 tags do not support the addressed mode. Bit 5 and 6 of the
option byte are not used with ISO 14443 tags. The ISO 14443 tag only works in
selected mode.
12.4.6.1
Abort KTT upload
This command aborts the Prepare for KTT ut command, if the reader is in prepare
for KTT awareness mode.
Command
Command
Data
*
None
Answer
Answer
Description
00h
Prepare for KTT successfully aborted
F
Prepare for KTT was not active
No response
Key uploading is in progress
12.4.6.2
Authenticate to sector
The Authenticate to sector command sets up a secured transmission to a
transponder.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
112
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Command
Command
Data
as
Option byte (1 byte)
[UID (8 bytes)]
Key page (1 byte)
Key index (1 byte)
Counter page (2 byte)
Diversification data (8 bytes)
Answer
Answer
Description
L
In case of success
Option byte
The option byte defines the general behavior of the command.
Note that ISO 14443 tags are only working in selected mode.
Bit
Description
7
RFU
6
If set the tag is in addressed mode. The UID is following as
first 8 bytes after the option byte. The my-d frame is
following.
5
If set the tag is selected. No UID is needed.
4-0
RFU
Key page
This byte defines the key page number of the transponder
Key index
Defines the reader key index. If the index exceeds the key index of the reader the
error R out of range is thrown. The key index is zero based.
Counter page
This page number points to the authentication counter page. Lower byte of the page
number is sent first.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
113
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Diversification data
This data is used to diversify the key data.
Example
Command
Answer / Description
'as20040103000000000000000000' 'L'
Login into tag.
12.4.6.3
Issue transponder key
Writes a diversified key to the transponder.
This command uses the write and Reread my-d command.
Command
Command
Data
ik
Option byte (1 byte)
[UID (8 bytes)]
Key index (1 byte)
Destination page (2 bytes)
Diversification data (8 bytes)
[Sector index and access conditions (2 bytes)]
Answer
Answer
Description
IK
Key successfully written
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
114
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Option byte
The option byte defines general behavior of the command.
Note that ISO 14443 tags are only working in selected mode.
Bit
Description
7
If set the user mode is used and the MAC is calculated and
added to the frame.
If not set the issuer mode is used sector index and access
conditions are included and no MAC is calculated.
6
If set the tag is in addressed mode. The UID is following as
first 8 bytes after the option byte. The my-d frame is
following.
5
If set the tag is selected. No UID is needed.
4-0
RFU
Key index
Defines the reader key index. If the index exceeds the key index of the reader the
error R out of range is thrown. The key index is zero based.
Destination page
Defines the transponder page index. Lower byte of the page number is sent first.
Sector index and access conditions
In issuer mode the sector index and the access conditions are added.
12.4.6.4
Prepare for KTT
This command sets the reader into KTT awareness mode.
Command
Command
Data
ut
Key page (1 byte)
Key index (1 byte)
Counter page (2 bytes)
Diversification data (8 bytes)
Answer
Use the check KTT upload status ! command to finish the upload procedure.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
115
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
LED activity
The green and red LED indicates the state of the upload process.
Mode
LED activity
Awareness
Red and green LEDs are flashing slow
Upload in
progress
Green LED is active
Error during
upload
detected
Red LED is flashing fast until the ! command is received
Upload
finished
successfully
Green LED is flashing fast until the ! command is received
Upload
aborted
Red LED is active for 1 second
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
116
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
State diagram
Prepare for KTT triggered 'ut'
(no antenna field)
no tag found
Searching tags
Awareness mode
tag found
other tag found
Check for valid KTT
valid KTT found
Upload all keys from KTT into
Key management
OK
Error during Upload
Upload ready
get upload result '!'
Return Upload result
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
117
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
12.4.6.5
my-d command
This command sends and receives my-d Plain and Secure commands including my-d
secure algorithm.
Command
Command
Data
z
Downlink length (1 byte)
Option byte (1 byte)
[UID (8 bytes)]
my-d data (n bytes)
Answer
Answer
Description
Data
Status byte: 00h (1 byte)
Data without MAC and CRC (n bytes)
Downlink length
This byte is mandatory. It will define the length of the my-d data frame sent to the
reader. The MAC, CRC and the framing overhead is not included.
Option byte
The option byte defines general behavior of the command.
Note that ISO 14443 tags are only working in selected mode.
Bit
Description
7
If set the MAC is calculated and added to the frame
6
If set the tag is in addressed mode. The UID is following as
first 8 bytes after the option byte. The my-d frame is
following.
5
If set the tag is selected. No UID is needed.
4-0
RFU
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
118
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Data
Data is sent as my-d plain command. It contains only data that is processed by the
MAC calculation. If the tag is addressed, only valid with ISO 15693 tags, with its UID
the first 8 bytes are interpreted as UID and not included into the MAC calculation.
MAC calculation is done automatically if according flag is set. The ISO 15693 or the
ISO 14443 frame is completed and the CRC is computed and added automatically.
The commands Write Page, Restricted Write and Write Byte do not need any MAC
verification for the answer.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
119
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
13 Frequently Ask Questions
13.1 Getting Started
To test and interface the Dual ISO Module, you do not need a sophisticated µP
development system. All you need is a PC, a connection cable and a power supply
for the reader. If you are using Microsoft Windows (95/98/NT/ ), take the following
steps:
Make sure, that your reader has an RS232 interface
Start HyperTerminal
Create a new connection (FILE/NEW CONNECTION)
Enter a name for the connection (i.e. MIFARE )
Select connect COM2 (COM1) direct connection
Connection setup 9600,8,n,1,no handshake
Connect your reader to COM2 (COM1) of the PC and apply appropriate
supply voltage. The reader transmits a string ( MultiISO 1.0 ) to the PC.
This string denotes the firmware provided with your reader module
Put a tag to your reader. Serial numbers should be displayed properly
Enter commands via keyboard. They should be transmitted to the reader and
the reader should reply
If using an operating system different from Microsoft Windows, you may use any
other terminal program that is capable of receiving/transmitting data via the serial
port of your PC.
13.2 How should the Multi ISO Reader be personalized?
In ASCII protocol applications, no personalization is necessary.
In applications that are using the binary protocol mode, personalization is required.
Use the Utility program to set up your reader correctly. Ask the reseller or the ACG ID
sales representative for the Utility software or download it from http://www.acg.de.
Minimum requirements are WIN98SE, WIN 2000, WIN XP and a free COM port on
the PC.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
120
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
13.3 What type of mifare® card should I use?
The mifare® standard is designed for multi-application environments. It contains 16
sectors each with 2 individual keys, access conditions, and 3 data or value blocks.
Some applications use the 1 Kbytes of the mifare® Standard Card Memory only as
storage area.
Mifare Ultralight has no crypto unit on chip. It only supports 16 blocks.
Mifare Standard 4k cards have the same features as Mifare Standard cards but
increased memory capacity.
13.4 How safe is mifare® Standard for cashless payment?
Security is always a feature of the overall system, not of the components. It requires
careful design.
A properly designed system will require ALL barriers to be hacked in order to be
broken.
For good design start identifying possible attacks and then create barriers to block
them.
mifare® was specifically designed for cashless payment applications. The mifare®
concept provides the following security barriers:
Anti-collision/-selection
Atomic value transaction
Ciphered communication
Storage of values and data protected by mutual authentication
Weak field keys that allow decrement only
Stored keys in the reader that are not readable
Keys in the card that are not readable
A brute force attack based on trying many different keys is limited by the
transaction time (several ms) of the card and would last virtually forever.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
121
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
The Application can and should provide more barriers:
Sector access conditions. It is possible to assign access conditions in a way
that only decrementing of values is allowed with the keys used in the field. So
even a manipulated field station cannot be used to increment the value on the
cards. As a general rule, key A is used as a field key, allowing only to read
and decrement values, and key B is used to format the card or increment
values.
Diversified keys. To make life even harder for attackers, keys can be modified
using the serial number and memory content of the card. So each card uses
different keys and a listening attack on the reader interface would be
hopeless.
Limiting cash volume stored on a card
Do not use the transport keys (keys programmed at the time of delivery) for
ticketing applications!
Ciphered and scrambled data storage
Sabotage alarm
Even higher security with contact less controller cards like DESFire, Mifare
ProX, Smart MX etc.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
122
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
13.5 Using a Mifare card
This example demonstrates the detection of a card in the antenna field with
continuous read and the reading of a page.
Command
Answer
c
Activate continuous read mode
B2197B58
a card responds with its serial number
.
S
abort continuous read mode
s
B2197B58
select card
l01AAFFFFFFFFFFFF
L
login into sector 1 with key
FFFFFFFFFFFFh key type A
rb04
00112233445566778899AABBCCDDEEFF
read block 04
c
Activate continuous read mode to detect a
new card
Figure 13-1: Using a Mifare card
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
123
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
13.6 Using a DESFire card
13.6.1 Create a plain standard data file
After activation, application 0 is selected automatically. Default access rights of
application 0 require a login to create an application. The following example
illustrates the successful creation of a plain standard data file.
Command
Answer
s
04E10E00000000
activate card
f1200000000000000000000000000
0000000000
L
login to application 0
f06050000100F01
00
create application with ID 000010
f0408000010
00
select application with ID 000010
f080F0000eeee10000000
00
create plain standard data file
with ID 00
Figure 13-2: Create plain standard data file of a DESFire card
13.6.2 Use a plain standard data file
The next example demonstrates the use of a plain standard data file, such as that
created in the previous example. No login needed since the file is plain.
Command
Answer
s
04E10E00000000
activate card
f0408000010
00
select application with ID 000010
f020D00
00
select file with ID 00
f09160000001122334455
00
write data to standard data file
f051500000010
0011223344550000000000000000000000
read data from standard data file
Figure 13-3: Change data of a plain standard data file
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
124
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
13.6.3 Create a value file
Basically, each application is created in the same way. The access rights of an
application can be adjusted to freeze the application organization. In this case, a
login to the application is needed to make any changes to the application.
Regardless of the application access rights, a file can be selected using its ID. Before
accessing a secured file, a login to the application is needed. A successful login
allows changing all the files in the application that use the same key.
A value file has a special structure. If a value file is changed the changes are only
accepted after a commit transaction command. This feature allows modifying several
files of an application and changing all the contents at the same time.
The following example illustrates the creation of a value file using DES encipher.
Command
Answer
s
04E10E00000000
activate card
f1200000000000000000000000000
0000000000
L
login to application 0
f06050000110F01
00
create application with ID 000011
f0408000011
00
select application with ID 000011
f12110003000000000000FFFFFF
7Ff5555555500
00
create value file with initial value
55555555 with ID 00. File is secured
with DES encipher
Figure 13-4: Create a plain standard data file on a DESFire card
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
125
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
13.6.4 Use a DES secured value file
The next example demonstrates the use of a DES secured value file, such as the
one created in the previous example. After the selection of the application, a login
with the key of the value file is needed to access the file. Modification of the value file
is accepted after the commit transaction command is given.
Command
Answer
s
04E10E00000000
activate card
f0408000011
00
select application with ID 000011
f03000000
L
login to application
f020D00
02
select file with ID 00 (value file)
f0117
0055555555
read value file data
f051911111111
00
debit value file with 11111111
f0117
0055555555
read value file, no modification done
f011c
00
commit transaction, modification is done
f0117
0044444444
read value file, verify modification
Figure 13-5: Change data of a plain standard data file
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
126
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
13.7 Using NFC
The example shows how to communicate with NFC using the NFC demoboard
PN531.
The reader is the initiator. The NFC has to be configured as passive target using
Mifare 106kbps (other NFC modes are not supported).
As first step place the reader on top of the NFC demoboard antenna in 3 cm
distance.
Then load the "passive_target_106.cmd" file from the "Scripts\Tama\P2P" subfolder
into the SCRTester application. Run the code.
Now it is possible to get a serial number from the NFC:
Command
Answer
s
08123456
Figure 13-6: Get a serial number from NFC
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
127
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
14 References
[1]
ISO/IEC 14443 Part 1-4, Identification Cards
circuit(s) cards Proximity cards
Contact less integrated
[2]
DESFire Documentation, Philips, http://www.semiconductors.philips.com
[3]
Data Encryption Standard (DES), FIPS PUB 46-3,
Reaffirmed 1995 October 25
[4]
ACG Antenna Design Guide
[5]
Philips; Application Note, Mifare® & I-Code, Micore Reader IC family Directly
Matched Antenna Design
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
128
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
15 Appendix A: Antenna
According to antenna design, please refer to the Philips Application Note (Mifare ® &
I-Code, Micore Reader IC family Directly Matched Antenna Design) or to the ACG
Antenna Design Guide.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
129
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
16 Appendix B: SAM
Please note that the power supply of the SAM adapter must be turned off during the
entire card insertion period, otherwise SAM card damage might occur.
For proper usage of the SAM, a 100nF capacitor between Vcc and GND is necessary.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
130
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
17 Appendix C:
17.1 Compact Serial Plug & Play Module (RDHC-020xN0-02)
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
131
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
17.1.1 Features
Interface type:
RS232
Dimensions:
70x45x12.1 (LxWxH), all in mm
Reading Distance: up to 75mm, depending on the tag
SAM:
supported
Boot loader:
supported (²)
Drivers:
virtual COM port driver, DLL driver available
Antenna:
on board
Signaling:
reading LED, power LED
Power Supply:
5VDC ± 10% regulated
(²) The boot loader enables to download a firmware update via the serial interface to
the unit without replacing/dismantling the hardware.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
132
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
17.1.2 Dimensions
Top view
All dimensions are listed in mm
A
0
2,8
4
1
29,21 mm
J3
7
1
1,27 mm
3,00 mm
7,38 mm
41,06 mm
58,26 mm
62,00 mm
J2
1
67,00 mm
SAM Socket
10
70,00 mm
J4
20
11
3,00 mm
9,43 mm
A'
11,07 mm
26,31 mm
40,83 mm
42,00 mm
43,00 mm
45,00 mm
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
133
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Side View
9,00
All dimensions are listed in mm
View A-A'
J3
J2
J4
Front View
9,00
All dimensions are listed in mm
View B-B'
1,60 mm
3,10 mm
J3
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
134
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
17.1.3 Pin Out
Pin Out of J3
7
1
1
J3
17.1.3.1
20
Figure 17-1: Pin out of jumper 3
PIN
PIN No.
Description
RFU
1
RFU
+5V
2
Supply Voltage
GND
3
Ground
RX/RXA
4
RS232 RX / RS422 RXA
TX/TXA
5
RS232 TX / RS422 TXA
RXB
6
RS422 RXB
TXB
7
RS422 TXB
Figure 17-2: Pin out of jumper 2
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
135
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
17.1.3.2
Electrical characteristics of J3 PINs in RS232 Configuration
PIN
PIN No.
RFU
1
+5V
2
GND
3
RX/RXA
4
Min
Typ.
Max.
Description
Do not connect
4.5V
5V
5.5V
150mA
250mA
GND
-15V
3k
±5V
300k
Supply Current (without
SAM)
Ground for Power
Supply and Interface
+15V
7k
5k
Supply Voltage
±9V
RS232 Voltage Levels
Input Impedance
TX/TXA
5
RXB
6
Do not connect
TXB
7
Do not connect
1
RS232 Configuration
1
J3
RS232 Voltage Levels
Output Impedance
7
+5V
Ground
RX
TX
20
Figure 17-3: Pin out of jumper 3 in RS232 Configuration
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
136
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
17.1.3.3
Electrical characteristics of J3 PINs in RS422 Configuration
PIN
PIN No.
RFU
1
+5V
2
Min
Typ.
Max.
Description
Do not connect
4.5V
5V
5.5V
150mA
250mA
Supply Current (without
SAM)
GND
3
RX/RXA
4
-7V
+12V
RXA RS422
TX/TXA
5
-7V
+12V
TXA RS422 /
Differential
RXB
6
-7V
+12V
RXB RS422
TXB
7
-7V
+12V
TXB RS422 /
Differential
Min
Typ.
Description
GND
Supply Voltage
PIN No. Conditions
Differential Output
Voltage
4/6
Unloaded
Differential Output
Voltage
5/7
Loaded:
RL=50
1
Max.
GND
VCC
2V
VCC
RS422 Configuration
7
1
J3
Ground for Power
Supply and Interface
+5V
Ground
RXA
TXA
RXB
TXB
20
Figure 17-4: Pin out of jumper 3 in RS422 Configuration
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
137
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
17.1.3.4
Electrical characteristics of J3 PINs in RS485 Configuration
PIN
PIN No.
RFU
1
+5V
2
Min
Typ.
Max.
Description
Do not connect
4.5V
5V
5.5V
150mA
250mA
Supply Current (without
SAM)
GND
3
RX/RXA
4
-7V
+12V
RX
TX/TXA
5
-7V
+12V
TX
RXB
6
-7V
+12V
RX connect to PIN 4
TXB
7
-7V
+12V
TX connect to PIN 5
Description
GND
Supply Voltage
PIN No. Conditions
Ground for Power
Supply and Interface
Min
Typ.
Max.
Differential Output
Voltage
4/6
Unloaded
GND
VCC
Differential Output
Voltage
5/7
Loaded:
RL=270
1.5V
VCC
1
J3
1
RS485 Configuration
7
+5V
Ground
RX
TX
20
Figure 17-5: Pin out of jumper 3 in RS232 Configuration
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
138
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
17.1.3.5
Pin Out of J4
4
1
J4
PIN
PIN No.
Read+
1
Connector for green Read Indicator LED
Read-
2
Ground
Power-
3
Ground
Power+
4
Connector for green Read Indicator LED
17.1.3.6
Description
Electrical characteristics of J4 PINs
PIN
PIN No.
Min
Read+
1
0,7V
20mA
Read-
2
GND
Power-
3
GND
Power+
4
0,7V
20mA
4
Typ.
3
Max.
2
Description
1
J4
Figure 17-6: Pin out of jumper 4
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
139
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
17.2 Short Range Plug & Play Module (RDHS-0204N0-02)
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
140
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
17.2.1 Features
Interface type:
USB 2.0
Dimensions:
110x70x14 (LxWxH), all in mm
Reading Distance: up to 90mm, depending on the tag
SAM:
supported
Boot loader:
supported (²)
Drivers:
virtual COM port driver, DLL driver available
Antenna:
on board
Signaling:
reading LED, power LED
Power Supply:
via USB
(²) The boot loader enables to download a firmware update via the serial interface to
the unit without replacing/dismantling the hardware.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
141
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
17.2.2 Dimensions
All dimensions are listed in mm
Top view
Read LED +
Read LED Power LED Power LED +
J5
1
10
110,00
12,00
66,40
106,50
J2
88,50
SAM Socket
83,60
ø
00
3,
20
11
USB
J3
7,20
4,50
17,78
27,40
39,60
49,18
62,50
67,00
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
142
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Front View
22,07
44,93
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
12,70
3,00
2,00
11,00
All dimensions are listed in mm
143
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Bottom view
All dimensions are listed in mm
Read LED
(Option 1)
Power LED
(Option 1)
J2
Read LED
(Option 2)
USB
Power LED
(Option 2)
31,00
106,70
SAM Socket
J3
21,00
46,00
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
144
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
Pin Out of J5
Read LED +
Read LED Power LED Power LED +
17.2.2.1
1
J5
4
Figure 17-7: Pin out of jumper 5
PIN
PIN No.
Description
Read+
1
Connector for green Read Indicator LED
Read-
2
Ground
Power-
3
Ground
Power+
4
Connector for green Read Indicator LED
Figure 17-8: Pin out of jumper 5
17.2.2.2
Electrical characteristics of J5 PINs
PIN
PIN No.
Min
Typ.
Max.
Description
Read+
1
15mA
Connector for green
Read Indicator LED
Read-
2
GND
Ground
Power-
3
GND
Ground
Power+
4
15mA
Connector for green
Read Indicator LED
Figure 17-9: Electrical characteristics of pins
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
145
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
17.3 Short Range USB Desktop Reader (RDHS-0204D0-02)
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
146
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
17.3.1 Features
Interface type:
USB 2.0
Dimensions:
155x82x35 (LxWxH), all in mm
Reading Distance: up to 80mm, depending on the tag
SAM:
supported
Boot loader:
supported (²)
Drivers:
virtual COM port driver, DLL driver available
Antenna:
on board
Signaling:
reading LED, power LED
Power Supply:
via USB
(²) The boot loader makes it easy to download a firmware to the unit without
replacing/dismantling the hardware.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
147
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
17.4 Plug-In Reader (RDHP-0206P0-02)
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
148
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
17.4.1 Features
Interface type:
CF Card Type II
Dimensions:
43.0 x 84.0 x 7.0 (LxWxH), all in mm
Reading Distance: up to 85mm, depending on the tag
SAM:
not integrated
Boot loader:
supported (²)
Drivers:
virtual COM port driver, DLL driver available
Antenna:
integrated
Signaling:
reading LED integrated
Power Supply:
via CF Card Interface
(²) The boot loader makes it easy to download a firmware to the unit without
replacing/dismantling the hardware.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
149
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
18 Appendix D: Timings
tCMD
PC:
tEXEC
Request
Reader:
Command
tRES
Response
tEXEC [ms]
Comments
Common commands
Cont. read (locked tag)
2.8
22.6 + Reset Off and Recovery Time
Cont. read (worst case)
DES en/decryption
54
+ 3x Reset Off and Recovery Time
9.6
9.7
TDES en/decryption
28.7
28.8
Highspeed select 'h08'
(locked tag)
8.9
14.4 + Reset Off and Recovery Time + SFGT
Highspeed select 'h08'
(no tag)
15
Highspeed select 'h08'
(worst case)
14.7
Multiselect (locked tag)
5.8
+ 3x Reset Off and Recovery Time
+ 3x Reset Off and Recovery Time + SFGT
11.4 + Reset Off and Recovery Time
Multiselect (no tag)
67
+ Reset Off and Recovery Time
Multiselect (worst case)
67
+ Reset Off and Recovery Time
Antenna on
0.2
+ Reset Recovery Time
Antenna off
0.2
Port read
0.1
Port write
0.1
Read block
1.8
2.2
Write block
8.2
11
Reset
Select (locked tag)
13.2
5.4
22.8 + Reset Off and Recovery Time
Select (no tag)
38
+ 3x Reset Off and Recovery Time
Select (worst case)
55
+ 3x Reset Off and Recovery Time
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
150
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
ISO 14443 Type A only commands
Increment value block
18.4
Decrement value block
18.4
Copy value block
18.5
Read value block
2.3
Write value block
7.9 - 10.5
Mifare Login
4.9
Power conditions
Power on
79
Enable on
85
Does not include rise time of power supply
Figure 18-1: Timings
Default Command Guard Time (20h = 1.2ms) was used.
All timing data is advisory application information and does not form part of the
specifications. It may change in future firmware releases. Please also note that all
values specified in the above table depend on the tag used and Command Guard
Time.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
151
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
19 Appendix E: Release Notes
19.1 Version History
19.1.1 MultiISO 1.0
Initial Release.
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
152
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
19.2 Revision history
Date
Revision number
09/02/2005
Version 1.0, Rev. 1.0
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
153
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
20 Appendix F: Approvals / Certificates
20.1 CE Declaration
A CG I d e n t i f i c a t i o n T e c h n o l o g i e s Gm b H d e c l a r e s t h a t , i n c o n f o r m i t y
w i t h t h e Eu r o p e a n CE r e q u i r e m e n t s s p e c i f i e d i n t h e EM C Di r e c t i v e
8 9 /3 3 6 /EEC, A CG H F M u l t i I SO Pl u g & Pl a y M o d u l e s a n d t h e Pl u g -In
Reader Module, described in this manual, are
The relevant documents are available.
If any of the Multi ISO Plug & Play Modules or the CF Card Reader
Module is operated from a mains power supply, all power
connections and additional components of the final device must also
comply with the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC directive.
Customers selling into Europe must themselves make sure that the
final device conforms to the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC directive.
For A CG I d e n t i f i c a t i o n T e c h n o l o g i e s Gm b H , t h e c o m p l i a n c e o f
im port ant int ernat ional regulat ions int o business prac t ic es are a
p r i o r i t y a n d t h e i m p l e m e n t a t i o n o f t h e EM C Di r e c t i v e 8 9 /3 3 6 /EEC i s
fully in line with the company´s commitment to continuously improve
its Quality Management System.
Walluf, January 2006
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
154
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
20.2 FCC Declaration
A CG I d e n t i f i c a t i o n T e c h n o l o g i e s Gm b H d e c l a r e s t h a t , i n c o n f o r m i t y
w i t h t h e U .S. Di r e c t i v e FCC p a r t 1 5 , A CG H F M u l t i I SO Pl u g & Pl a y
M o d u l e s a n d t h e Pl u g -I n Re a d e r M o d u l e , d e s c r i b e d i n t h i s m a n u a l ,
are
The relevant documents are available.
If any of the Multi ISO Plug & Play Modules or the CF Card Reader
Module is operated from a mains power supply, all power
connections and additional components of the final device must also
comply with the US FCC Part 15 directive.
Customers selling into the USA must themselves make sure that the
final device conforms to the US FCC Part 15 directive.
Fo r A CG I d e n t i f i c a t i o n T e c h n o l o g i e s Gm b H , t h e c o m p l i a n c e o f
im port ant int ernat ional regulat ions int o business prac t ic es are a
p r i o r i t y a n d t h e i m p l e m e n t a t i o n o f t h e FCC a p r t 1 5 i s f u l l y i n l i n e
w i t h t h e c o m p a n y ´s c o m m i t m e n t t o c o n t i n u o u s l y i m p r o v e i t s Qu a l i t y
Management System.
Walluf, January 2006
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
155
ACG HF Multi ISO RFID Reader V1.0
20.3 RoHS Compliance
A CG I d e n t i f i c a t i o n T e c h n o l o g i e s Gm b H d e c l a r e s t h a t , i n c o n f o r m i t y
w i t h t h e Di r e c t i v e 2 0 0 2 /9 5 /EC a b o u t t h e Re s t r i c t i o n o f H a za r d o u s
Su b s t a n c e s (Ro H S), i t s A CG H F M u l t i I SO RFI D Re a d e r p r o d u c t s ,
l isted in this manual, are
The following substances
Cadmium and cadmium compounds
Lead and lead compounds
Mercury and mercury compounds
Hexavalent chromium compounds
Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB)
Polybrominated Diphenylethers (BPDE)
are c o n t a i n e d
Directive.
in
ac c ordanc e
w it h
t he
lim it s
required
by
t he
Fo r A CG I d e n t i f i c a t i o n T e c h n o l o g i e s Gm b H , t h e i n t e g r a t i o n o f
environm ent al c onsiderat ions int o business prac t ic es are a priorit y
a n d t h e i m p l e m e n t a t i o n o f Ro H S Di r e c t i v e i s f u l l y i n l i n e w i t h t h e
c o m p a n y ´s c o m m i t m e n t t o c o n t i n u o u s l y i m p r o v e i t s Qu a l i t y
Management System.
Walluf, January 2006
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
ACG Identification Technologies GmbH
156