Technical
Information
Tutorials
Multiple
Mixers
Recording
Owner’s Manual
Controls &
Connections
™
www.presonus.com
Overview
StudioLive 16.4.2
Œ
0
0.1
PreSonus StudioLive™ 16.4.2
Mandatory Stuff
Important Safety Instructions
0.1 Important Safety Instructions
The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended
to alert the user to the presence of important operating and
maintenance (servicing) instructions in this manual.
The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol within an equilateral
triangle is intended to alert the user to the presence of
uninsulated “dangerous” voltage within the product’s enclosure that may
be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to humans.
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT
REMOVE THE COVER. NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. REFER
SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL.
CAUTION: To reduce the risk of electric shock, do not expose this
appliance to rain and moisture. The apparatus shall not be
exposed to dripping or splashing liquids and no object filled with
liquids, such as vases, shall be placed on the apparatus.
CAUTION: These service instructions are for use by qualified
service personnel only. To reduce the risk of electric shock, do not
perform any servicing other than that contained in the operation
instructions. Repairs must be performed by qualified service personnel.
1. Read these instructions.
2. Keep these instructions.
3. Heed all warnings.
4. Follow all instructions.
5. Do not use this apparatus near water.
6. Clean only with dry a cloth.
7. Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in
accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
8. Do not install near any heat sources, such as radiators, heat registers,
stoves, or other apparatus (including amplifiers) that produce heat.
9. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or groundingtype plug. A polarized plug has two blades, with one wider than
the other. A grounding-type plug has two blades and a third
grounding prong. The wide blade and the third prong are provided
for your safety. If the provided plug does not fit into your outlet,
consult an electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet.
10. Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched,
particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles, and
the point where they exit from the apparatus.
11. Use only attachments/accessories specified by PreSonus.
12. Use only with the cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or
table specified by the manufacturer or sold with
this apparatus. When a cart is used, use caution
when moving the cart/apparatus combination to
avoid injury from tip-over.
13. Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or
when unused for long periods of time.
14. Servicing is required when the apparatus has been damaged in
any way, such as if a power-supply cord or plug is damaged; or
liquid has been spilled, or objects have fallen, into the apparatus;
or if the apparatus has been exposed to rain or moisture, does not
operate normally, or has been dropped. All PreSonus products in
the USA should be serviced at the PreSonus factory in Baton Rouge,
Louisiana. If your StudioLive requires a repair, contact techsupport@
presonus.com to arrange for a return-authorization number.
Customers outside the USA should contact their local distributor. Your
distributor’s contact information is available at www.presonus.com.
15. The apparatus shall be connected to a Mains power outlet
with a protective grounding/earthing connection.
16. Where the Mains plug or an appliance coupler
is used as the disconnect device, the disconnect
device shall remain readily operable.
EU Directives on the Protection of the
Environment and Other Euro Stuff
RoHS. This product is compliant with the EU Directive 2002/95/
EG for the Restriction of the use of Certain Hazardous Substances in
Electrical and Electronic Equipment. No lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd),
mercury (Hg), hexavalent chromium (Cr+6), PBB or PBDE is intentionally
added to this device. Any traces of impurities of these substances
contained in the parts are below the RoHS specified threshold levels.
REACh. This product is compliant with the European Union Directive
EC1907/206 for the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and
Restriction of chemicals (REACh) and contains none or less than 0.1% of
the chemicals listed as hazardous chemicals in the REACh regulation.
WEEE. As with the disposal of all old electrical
and electronic equipment, this product is not to be
treated as regular household waste. Instead it shall be
handed over to the applicable collection point for the
recycling of electrical and electronic equipment.
CE . This product complies with the European Union Council Directives
and Standards relating to electromagnetic compatibility (EMC
Directive 89/336/EEC) and the Low Voltage Directive (73/23/EEC).
PreSonus Limited Warranty
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
1 Overview
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2 Controls & Connections
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Table of Contents
3L]LS:L[[PUN7YVJLK\YL 5 Tutorials
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1.1
Features
Controls & Connections
Introduction
Overview
Tutorials
Multiple
Mixers
Recording
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1.2
Features
1.2
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‹ 4HJ6:?HUK>PUKV^ZJVTWH[PISL
)LMVYL`V\ILNPU[OLYLHYLHML^NLULYHSY\SLZVM[O\TI[OH[^LYLJVTTLUK`V\MVSSV^!
Technical Information
‹ -HZ[HJ[PUN3,+TL[LYZ
Tutorials
‹ THZ[LY+:7LMMLJ[ZYL]LYIHUKKLSH`^P[O3VHKHUK:H]L
Controls & Connections
Recording
6]LY]PL^
Multiple
Mixers
Overview
6]LY]PL^
1.3
What is in the Box
1.4
Getting Started: Mixing
‹ (S^H`Z[\YU[OL4HPUMHKLYHUKIV[O[OL4VUP[VYHUK7OVULZRUVIZPU[OL4VUP[VYZLJ[PVU
‹ +
VUV[HSSV^`V\YPUW\[Z[VJSPW>H[JO[OLSL]LSTL[LYZ"^OLU[OL3,+ZULHY[OL*SPWTHYR
[OL[VW3,+^PSSPSS\TPUH[LPUKPJH[PUN[OH[[OLHUHSVN[VKPNP[HSJVU]LY[LYZHYLPUKHUNLYVM
ILPUNV]LYKYP]LU6]LYKYP]PUN[OLJVU]LY[LYZ^PSSJH\ZLKPNP[HSKPZ[VY[PVU^OPJOZV\UKZ[LYYP
ISL;OL?4(?WYLHTWZPU`V\Y:[\KPV3P]LWYV]PKLWSLU[`VMOLHKYVVT"[HRLHK]HU[HNLVMP[
KV^U ILMVYL THRPUN JVUULJ[PVUZ )LMV
YL WS\NNPUN VY \UWS\NNPUN H TPJYVWOVUL
^OPSLV[OLYJOHUULSZHYLHJ[P]LT\[L[OL
‹ @V\Y7(HUKZ[\KPVLX\PWTLU[ZOV\SKILWV^LYLKVUPU[OLMVSSV^PUNVYKLY!
:
V\UK ZV\YJLZ RL`IVHYKZ KPYLJ[ IV_LZ TPJYVWOVULZ L[J JVUULJ[LK [V [OL
:[\KPV3P]LPUW\[Z
:[\KPV3P]L
Controls & Connections
Recording
6]LY]PL^
Multiple
Mixers
7V^LYHTWSPÄLYZVYWV^LYLKTVUP[VYZ
JOHUULS[V^OPJO`V\HYLJVUULJ[PUN
>OLUP[»Z[PTL[VWV^LYKV^U`V\YZ`Z[LTZOV\SKIL[\YULKVMMPU[OLYL]LYZLVYKLY
Tutorials
*VTW\[LYPMHWWSPJHISL
.YHIHTPJYVWOVULHUKHTPJJHISLHUKWS\NP[PU[V[OL:[\KPV3P]L»Z*OHUULSTPJPUW\[
‹ @
V\YMHKLYZZOV\SKILZL[VUVYULHY[OL
¸<¹ THYR ^OLUL]LY WVZZPISL ;OL ¸<¹
*
VUULJ[[OL4HPU6\[Z;9:VY?39VM`V\Y:[\KPV3P]L[V`V\YWV^LYHTWSPÄLYVYWV^LYLK
TVUP[VYZ
0M`V\»YL\ZPUNWHZZP]LZWLHRLYZJVUULJ[[OLT[V`V\YWV^LYHTWSPÄLY\ZPUNZWLHRLYJHISL
PUKPJH[LZ \UP[` NHPU TLHUPUN [OL ZPNUHS
PZ ULP[OLY IVVZ[LK UVY H[[LU\H[LK 0M [OL
THPUV\[W\[VM`V\:[\KPVSP]LPZ[VVOPNO
VY[VVSV^^OLU`V\YMHKLYZHYLH[VYULHY
\UP[` `V\ JHU \ZL [OL V\[W\[ SL]LS RUVI
VU [OL YLHY WHULS VM `V\Y :[\KPV3P]L [V
)YPUNKV^UHSS[OLMHKLYZVU`V\Y:[\KPV3P]L
7S\N`V\Y:[\KPV3P]LPU[VHWV^LYV\[SL[HUK[\YUP[VU
0M`V\YTPJYVWOVULYLX\PYLZWOHU[VTWV^LYLUNHNL[OL=I\[[VUVU*OHUULSVM`V\Y
:[\KPV3P]L
;\YUVU`V\YHTWSPÄLYVYWV^LYLKTVUP[VYZ
7YLZZ[OL0UW\[I\[[VUPU[OL4L[LYZLJ[PVU
HKQ\Z[[OLSL]LS\WVYKV^U\U[PS`V\OH]L
HJOPL]LK`V\YVW[PTHS]VS\TL
>OPSLZWLHRPUNVYZPUNPUNPU[V`V\YTPJYVWOVUL[\YU[OL[YPTRUVIVU*OHUULS\U[PS[OL
ZPNUHSYLHJOLZ[OLKLZPYLKSL]LSI\[KVU»[YHPZLP[[VVT\JOVY[OLPUW\[^PSSJSPW>H[JO[OL
SL]LSTL[LY
7YLZZ[OL:LSLJ[I\[[VUVU*OHUULS
HUKIYPUN[OLMHKLY[V\UP[`NHPU
7YLZZ[OL4HPUI\[[VUPU[OL(ZZPNUZLJ[PVUVM[OL-H[*OHUULSZV[OH[P[PZPSS\TPUH[LK;OPZ
YV\[LZ[OLJOHUULS[V[OLTHPUV\[W\[I\Z
)YPUN \W [OL 4HPU MHKLY \U[PS `V\ JHU
JVTMVY[HIS` SPZ[LU [V `V\Y TPJYVWOVUL
[OYV\NO`V\YZWLHRLYZ
‹ 9HJR,HY0UZ[HSSH[PVU2P[
Technical Information
5V^[OH[`V\RUV^^OH[UV[[VKVSL[»ZNL[ZVTLH\KPVNVPUN
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
1.4
Getting Started: Mixing
2.1
The Patch Bay
Overview
6]LY]PL^
Controls & Connections
‹ 48-Volt Phantom Power. ;OL:[\KPV3P]LOHZ=WOHU[VTWV^LYH]HPSHISLMVYLHJO
JOHUULSPUKP]PK\HSS`]PHI\[[VUZVU[OL[VWWHULS
‹ ?39*VUULJ[VY>PYPUNMVY7OHU[VT7V^LY:
‹
‹
7PU$.5+
‹
7PU$=
‹
7PU$=
22 dBu Headroom.;OL:[\KPV3P]LTPJYVWOVULWYLHTWSPÄLYOHZK)\OLHKYVVT
;OPZNP]LZ`V\^PKLK`UHTPJYHUNLHUKL_JLSSLU[[YHUZPLU[YLZWVUZLJOHYHJ[LYPZ[PJZ
‹ Line-Level Input. ,HJOJOHUULSVM[OL:[\KPV3P]LOHZHPUJOIHSHUJLK;9:JVUULJ[PVU
MVY SPULSL]LS PUW\[ >OLU [OLZL PUW\[Z HYL LUNHNLK [OL TPJYVWOVULWYLHTW JPYJ\P[ PZ
I`WHZZLK
7SLHZL 5V[L! (Z ^P[O HU` TP_LY WS\NNPUN PU H TPJYVWOVUL VY H SPULSL]LS PUW\[ KL]PJL HZ ^LSS
HZ[\YUPUNWOHU[VTWV^LYVUVYVMM^PSSJYLH[LHTVTLU[HY`ZWPRLPU[OLH\KPVV\[W\[VM`V\Y
:[\KPV3P]L)LJH\ZLVM[OPZP[PZOPNOS`YLJVTTLUKLK[OH[`V\T\[LVY[\YUKV^U[OL[YPTVMHU`
JOHUULSILMVYLJOHUNPUNHU`JVUULJ[PVUZVY[\YUPUNWOHU[VTWV^LYVUVYVMM;OPZZPTWSLZ[LW
^PSSHKK`LHYZ[VSPMLVM`V\YH\KPVLX\PWTLU[
‹ Insert. ,HJO JOHUULS VM [OL :[\KPV3P]L OHZ H KPYLJ[PUZLY[ WVPU[ ;OLZL \UIHSHUJLK ¹
JVUULJ[VYZ JHU IL \ZLK [V JVUULJ[ L_[LYUHS WYVJLZZVYZ Z\JO HZ JVTWYLZZVYZ ,8Z KL
LZZLYZ HUK ÄS[LYZ ^P[O `V\Y :[\KPV3P]L»Z WYLHTWZ HUK SPUL PUW\[Z ;OL PUZLY[»Z ZLUK PZ
HM[LY [OL JOHUULS»Z NHPU JVU[YVS I\[ ILMVYL [OL KPNP[HS I\Z ;OL YL[\YU NVLZ Z[YHPNO[ [V [OL
KPNP[HS I\Z 0U V[OLY ^VYKZ PM `V\ PUZLY[ H KLLZZLY VU `V\Y ]VJHSPZ[»Z JOHUULS `V\ ^PSS IL
ZLUKPUNHU\UWYVJLZZLKHTWSPÄLKZPNUHS[V[OLKLLZZLY"[OLWYVJLZZLKZPNUHSYL[\YULK[V
[OL :[\KPV3P]L ^PSS [OLU IL YV\[LK [V [OL KPNP[HS I\Z ^OLYL P[ JHU IL ZLU[ [OYV\NO [OL -H[
*OHUULS(\_HUK-?I\ZLZL[J
Tutorials
‹ Microphone Inputs. @V\Y :[\KPV3P]L PZ LX\PWWLK ^P[O J\Z[VTKLZPNULK 7YL:VU\Z
?4(?TPJYVWOVULWYLHTWSPÄLYZMVY\ZL^P[OHSS[`WLZVMTPJYVWOVULZPUJS\KPUNK`UHTPJZ
JVUKLUZLYZ HUK YPIIVUZ ;OL H^HYK ^PUUPUN 7YL:VU\Z WYLHTWSPÄLY OHZ H *SHZZ ( PUW\[
I\MMLYMVSSV^LKI`HK\HSZLY]VNHPUZ[HNL;OPZHYYHUNLTLU[YLZ\S[ZPU\S[YHSV^UVPZLHUK
^PKL NHPU JVU[YVS HSSV^PUN `V\ [V IVVZ[ ZPNUHSZ ^P[OV\[ PUJYLHZPUN \U^HU[LK IHJRNYV\UK
UVPZL
Technical Information
-VYTVYLKL[HPSLKSL]LSZL[[PUNWYVJLK\YLZHUK[LJOUPX\LZYLMLY[VZLJ[PVUZHUK Multiple
Mixers
Recording
>P[O *OHUULS ZLSLJ[LK `V\ JHU \ZL
[OL -H[ *OHUULS [V HKK K`UHTPJZ WYV
JLZZPUNHUK,8
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
2.1
The Patch Bay
2.1
The Patch Bay
Overview
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
Controls & Connections
‹ 0UZLY[JVUULJ[VY^PYPUN!
‹
:SLL]L$JVTTVUNYV\UK
‹ Main Output;OL:[\KPV3P]LMLH[\YLZIV[O?39HUK;9:THPUV\[W\[Z;OLZLV\[W\[ZHYL
WHYHSSLS[VLHJOV[OLYHUK[V[OLTVUVV\[W\[
‹ M
ain Output Level.;OPZRUVIJVU[YVSZ[OLTH_PT\TV\[W\[SL]LSVMIV[O[OL?39HUK;9:
THPUV\[W\[Z;OLZPNUHSJHUILH[[LU\H[LK[VK)HUKIVVZ[LK\W[VK)
‹ Aux Inputs. ;OL:[\KPV3P]LPZLX\PWWLK^P[O[^VH\_PSPHY`PUW\[ZLMMLJ[ZYL[\YUZ0U:LJ[PVU
^LKPZJ\ZZ\ZPUNHUH\_I\Z[VZLUKZL]LYHSJOHUULSZ[VHUL_[LYUHSLMMLJ[ZWYVJLZZVY"
[OL(\_PUW\[ZJHUIL\ZLK[VYL[\YU[OLWYVJLZZLKZPNUHS[V[OLTP_LY,HJOPUW\[PZIHSHUJLK
Z[LYLV;OL3LM[PUW\[PZUVYTHSSLK[V[OLYPNO[0M`V\HYLYL[\YUPUNHTVUVZPNUHS[V[OLTP_
ZPTWS`JVUULJ[P[[V[OL3LM[PUW\["[OLZPNUHS^PSSILYV\[LK[VIV[OZPKLZVM[OLZ[LYLVTP_
‹ T
ape In/Out.;OL:[\KPV3P]LPZLX\PWWLK^P[OZ[LYLV9*(JVH_PHSPUW\[ZHUKV\[W\[Z[OH[
JHUIL\ZLK[VJVUULJ[H[HWLKLJR*+WSH`LYVYV[OLYJVUZ\TLYKL]PJL;OL[HWLPUW\[
SL]LSPZJVU[YVSSLKI`[OL;YHJR0URUVIVU[OL[VWWHULS;OLTHPUI\ZPZYV\[LKWVZ[MHKLY
[V[OL[HWLV\[W\[
‹ CR Output. ;OLZL HYL [OL IHSHUJLK JVU[YVSYVVT V\[W\[Z ;OL SL]LS PZ JVU[YVSSLK I` [OL
4VUP[VYRUVIPU[OL4VUP[VYZLJ[PVUVU[OL[VWWHULS
‹ Subgroup Outputs.;OLZLHYLIHSHUJLKTVUVV\[W\[ZMVYLHJOZ\INYV\W
‹ Aux Outputs.;OL:[\KPV3P]LPZLX\PWWLK^P[OZP_H\_PSPHY`V\[W\[Z0U:LJ[PVU^LKPZ
J\ZZPUKL[HPSOV^[VJYLH[LH\_TP_LZMVYTVUP[VYPUNHUKLMMLJ[ZWYVJLZZPUN(\_TP_LZHYL
YV\[LK[V[OLZLV\[W\[Z
‹ Pre-Insert Balanced Direct Outputs.;OLZLHYL[OLIHSHUJLKKPYLJ[HUHSVNV\[W\[ZMVY[OL
JOHUULSZ;OL+)JVUULJ[VYZKP]PKL[OLJOHUULSZPU[V[^VNYV\WZVMLPNO[)HSHUJLK
+)MHUV\[ZUHRLZJHUILVI[HPULKPU]HYPV\ZJVUÄN\YH[PVUZH[TVZ[YLJVYKPUNHUKSP]L
ZV\UKYL[HPSLYZ*VTTVUMHUV\[ZHYL+)[V?394HUK+)[V;9:;OLZLV\[W\[Z
HYLWVZ[NHPUWYLPUZLY[HUKWYL(+JVU]LY[LY6US`[OLTPJYVWOVULWYLHTWZHUKSPULSL]LS
PUW\[Z HYL H]HPSHISL [OYV\NO [OL KPYLJ[ V\[W\[Z ;OL ÄYL^PYL YL[\YUZ :LL :LJ[PVU MVY
TVYLPUMVYTH[PVUJHUUV[ILWH[JOLK[V[OLKPYLJ[V\[W\[Z
‹ Talkback Mic Input. ;OL :[\KPV3P]L KVLZ UV[ OH]L HU VUIVHYK [HSRIHJR TPJ" HU L_[LYUHS
TPJT\Z[IL\ZLK7OHU[VTWV^LYPZHS^H`ZLUHISLKVU[OPZTPJYVWOVULWYLHTWZVLP[OLY
H K`UHTPJ VY H JVUKLUZLY TPJYVWOVUL JHU IL \ZLK ;OPZ PZ [OL ZHTL OPNOX\HSP[` ?4(?
WYLHTW[OH[PZMLH[\YLKVU*OHUULSZHUKJHUIL\ZLKHZHUL_[YHPUW\[^OLU\ZPUN[OL
:[\KPV3P]LHZHUH\KPVPU[LYMHJL:LL:LJ[PVUMVYTVYLKL[HPSZ
‹ Talkback Mic Level.;OPZPZ[OLNHPUJVU[YVSMVY`V\Y[HSRIHJRTPJYVWOVUL
‹ Mono Output. ;OPZ IHSHUJLK V\[W\[ JHYYPLZ H TVUV Z\TTLK ]LYZPVU VM [OL Z[LYLV ZPNUHS
MYVT[OLTHPUI\Z
+)7PUV\[
/$/V[
*$*VSK
.$.YV\UK
Recording
9PUN$YL[\YUPUW\[MYVTPUZLY[LKKL]PJL
Multiple
Mixers
‹
Tutorials
;PW$ZLUKV\[W\[[VPUZLY[LKKL]PJL
Technical Information
‹
‹ Mono Output Level.;OPZRUVIJVU[YVSZ[OLTH_PT\TSL]LSVM[OL4VUV6\[W\[ZPNUHS;OL
ZPNUHSJHUILH[[LU\H[LK[VK)HUKIVVZ[LK\W[VK)
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
2.1
The Patch Bay
2.2
Hookup Diagram:
On Stage with the StudioLive
Recording
Controls & Connections
Overview
Multiple
Mixers
FireWire Ports.;OLYLHYL[^VZ[HUKHYKWPU-PYL>PYLWVY[ZVU[OLIHJRVM[OL:[\KPV3P]L
,P[OLYWVY[JHUIL\ZLK[VJVUULJ[`V\Y:[\KPV3P]L[VH-PYL>PYLWVY[VU`V\YJVTW\[LY0M`V\Y
JVTW\[LYOHZHWPUJVUULJ[VYJVTTVUS`MV\UKVUSHW[VWZ`V\^PSSULLK[VW\YJOHZLH
[VWPUHKHW[VYVYJHISL;OLZLHKHW[VYZHUKJHISLZJHUILMV\UKH[`V\YSVJHSJVTW\[LY
Z\WWS`Z[VYL<ZL[OLZLJVUK-PYL>PYLWVY[[VJVUULJ[HKKP[PVUHS-PYL>PYLKL]PJLZZ\JOHZ
L_[LYUHS OHYK KYP]LZ [V `V\Y JVTW\[LY VY [V KHPZ` JOHPU HKKP[PVUHS :[\KPV3P]L TP_LYZ @V\
JHUJVUULJ[[^V:[\KPV3P]LTP_LYZ[VHJVTW\[LYMVYYLJVYKPUNVY`V\JHUKHPZ`JOHPU\W[V
LPNO[:[\KPV3P]LTP_LYZ[VJYLH[LZHZ[HUKHSVULSHYNLMVYTH[TP_PUNJVUZVSL
Tutorials
‹
Technical Information
‹ 2 Amp Fuse.;OPZPZ[OL:[\KPV3P]L»ZM\ZLOV\ZPUN@V\Y:[\KPV3P]L\ZLZHTT_TT
=(*MHZ[HJ[PUNM\ZL
‹ S/PDIF Output.)`KLMH\S[[OL:7+0-V\[W\[YLJLP]LZ[OLZHTLZPNUHSHZ[OLTHPUV\[W\[Z
ZV UV HJ[P]H[PVU PZ ULJLZZHY` /V^L]LY HU` VM I\ZLZ [OH[ JHU IL YV\[LK [V [OL H\_PSPHY`
-PYL>PYL YL[\YUZ JHU IL YV\[LK [V [OL :7+0- V\[W\[ LP[OLY [OYV\NO [OL :`Z[LT TLU\ PU
[OL+PNP[HS,MMLJ[Zc4HZ[LY*VU[YVSZLJ[PVUVYPU[OL:[\KPV3P]L*VU[YVS7HULSZLL:LJ[PVUZ
HUKMVYTVYLPUMVYTH[PVU)LJH\ZL[OL:[\KPV3P]LJHUUV[ILZ`UJLKL_[LYUHSS`
`V\^PSSULLK[V\ZLP[HZ[OLTHZ[LYJSVJRHUKZL[`V\Y:7+0-LX\PWWLKKL]PJL[VYLJLP]L
^VYKJSVJRL_[LYUHSS`]PH:7+0-7SLHZLJVUZ\S[[OLKVJ\TLU[H[PVUMVY`V\YL_[LYUHSKPNP[HS
KL]PJLMVYPUZ[Y\J[PVUZ
‹ Power-Adapter Input.;OPZPZ^OLYL`V\WS\NPU[OLWYV]PKLK0,*WV^LYJHISL
‹ Power Switch. 7\ZO [OL [VW WHY[ VM [OL Z^P[JO c [V [\YU VU `V\Y :[\KPV3P]L 7\ZO [OL
IV[[VTWHY[VM[OLZ^P[JO6[V[\YUP[VMM
Overview
The Select Button
(SS HYV\UK [OL :[\KPV3P]L `V\ ^PSS ZLL :LSLJ[
I\[[VUZ ;OLYL PZ H :LSLJ[ I\[[VU VU LHJO VM
[OLPUW\[ZLHJOVM[OLHUHSVNH\_ZLUKZ
IV[O VM [OL PU[LYUHS LMMLJ[Z I\ZLZ LHJO VM [OL
Z\INYV\WZ[OL[^VH\_PSPHY`PUW\[ZHUKSHZ[I\[JLY[HPUS`UV[SLHZ[[OLTHPUV\[W\[I\Z,HJO
VM[OLZLI\[[VUZZLY]LZL_HJ[S`[OLZHTLW\YWVZL![VHJJLZZ[OL-H[*OHUULSWHYHTL[LYZMVYP[Z
JOHUULSVYI\Z
0U[OLSV^LYYPNO[JVYULYVM[OL-H[*OHUULS`V\
^PSSÄUKHU3,+YLHKV\[;OLJ\YYLU[S`ZLSLJ[LK
JOHUULS^PSSHS^H`ZILKPZWSH`LKOLYL5\TILYZ
PUKPJH[L VUL VM [OL PUW\[Z JOHUULSZ PZ
ZLSLJ[LK :: PUKPJH[LZ :\INYV\WZ 4(
PUKPJH[LZ[OL4HPUI\Z((PUKPJH[LZ(\_(HUK(PUKPJH[L,-?(HUK,-?)HUK-HUK
-PUKPJH[L(\_PUW\[Z(HUK)
;OL OLHY[ VM [OL :[\KPV3P]L PZ [OL YL]VS\[PVUHY` -H[ *OHUULS ;OL -H[ *OHUULS THRLZ K`UHTPJZ
YV\[PUNHUKWHUUPUNMVYL]LY`PUW\[HUKV\[W\[VU[OL:[\KPV3P]LH]HPSHISLH[[OL[V\JOVMH:LSLJ[
I\[[VU ;OL T\S[PW\YWVZL RUVIZ HUK TL[LYZ SVJH[LK PU [OL -H[ *OHUULS JVU[YVS ULHYS` L]LY`
HKQ\Z[TLU[`V\^PSSULLK[VTHRLVU`V\Y:[\KPV3P]L-YVT[OL-H[*OHUULS`V\JHU!
‹ (KKK`UHTPJZWYVJLZZPUNHUK,8[VL]LY`PUW\[HUKV\[W\[
‹ *YLH[LZLUKZHUKLMMLJ[ZTP_LZMVYHSSHUHSVNH\_ZLUKZHUKIV[OPU[LYUHSLMMLJ[ZI\ZLZ
‹ (ZZPNUZ\INYV\WHUKTHPUYV\[PUN
‹ 4L[LYPUW\[ZWVZ[K`UHTPJV\[W\[ZHUKNHPUYLK\J[PVUMVYHSSJOHUULSZ
‹ 4L[LYH\_ZLUKV\[W\[Z
0UHKKP[PVU[^VTL[LYZ·WHY[VMHZL[VMZL]LU
TL[LYZ SVJH[LK PU [OL [VW YPNO[ ZLJ[PVU VM [OL
TP_LY·HYL KLKPJH[LK [V KPZWSH`PUN PUMVYTH[PVU
HIV\[[OLJ\YYLU[S`ZLSLJ[LKJOHUULS;OLTL[LY
VU [OL MHY SLM[ VM [OPZ ZLJ[PVU KPZWSH`Z [OL WYL
MHKLY PUW\[ SL]LS MVY [OL ZLSLJ[LK JOHUULS ;OL
TL[LY[V[OLYPNO[VMP[KPZWSH`Z[OLNHPUYLK\J[PVU
MVY [OL ZLSLJ[LK JOHUULS 0[ PZ PTWVY[HU[ [V
TLU[PVU[OH[[OLZLTL[LYZHYLVUS`HJ[P]L^OLU
VUL VM [OL PUW\[ JOHUULSZ VY HU H\_ I\Z PZ
ZLSLJ[LK
0[ZOV\SKILUV[LK[OH[^OPSL[OL5VPZL.H[L*VTWYLZZVY,8HUK3PTP[LYHYLH]HPSHISLVUL]LY`
PUW\[HUKI\Z[OLWOHZLYL]LYZLHUKOPWHZZÄS[LYHYLVUS`H]HPSHISLVU[OLPUW\[Z0UHKKP[PVU
V[OLYPUW\[ZHUKI\ZLZ^P[OV\[:LSLJ[I\[[VUZHYLH]HPSHISL[VYV\[L[V[OLH\_PSPHY`-PYL>PYLYL[\YUZ
ZLLZLJ[PVUMVYTVYLKL[HPSZ
‹ *VW`ZH]LHUKSVHKTP_ZJLULZ
‹ 9LJHSS`V\YMHKLYWVZP[PVUMVYZ[VYLKTP_LZ
Controls & Connections
2.3.1
Recording
The Fat Channel
Multiple
Mixers
2.3
Tutorials
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
;OL-H[*OHUULS
Technical Information
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
;OL-H[*OHUULS
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
;OL-H[*OHUULS
2.3.1
The Select Button
2.3.2
Dynamics Processing and EQ
)\Z
0UW\[Z*O
7OHZL
9L]LYZL
/P7HZZ
-PS[LY
5VPZL
.H[L
*VTWYLZZVY
,8
3PTP[LY
-PYL>PYL
ZLUK
Controls & Connections
;OLTHPUM\UJ[PVUVM[OL-H[*OHUULSPZ[VWYV]PKLK`UHTPJZWYVJLZZPUNHUKÄS[LYPUNMVYL]LY`PUW\[
HUKV\[W\[VU`V\Y:[\KPV3P]L;OLYV[HY`LUJVKLYZ^VYRPUJVUQ\UJ[PVU^P[O[OLTL[LYZKPYLJ[S`
HIV]L [OLT [V HKQ\Z[ [OL K`UHTPJZ WYVJLZZPUN HUK ,8 ;OL -H[ *OHUULS»Z WYVJLZZPUN ZLJ[PVU
JVUZPZ[Z VM Ä]L WHY[Z! /P 7HZZ ÄS[LY 5VPZL .H[L *VTWYLZZVY 3PTP[LY HUK ZLTPWHYHTL[YPJ ,8
,HJOJHUIL[\YULKVUVYVMMHUKJVU[YVSSLKZLWHYH[LS`;OLZPNUHSÅV^ZHZMVSSV^Z!
Recording
;OLMVSSV^PUN[HISLWYV]PKLZHX\PJRN\PKL[V[OLWYVJLZZPUN[OH[PZH]HPSHISLMVYLHJOI\ZPU[OL
:[\KPV3P]L!
Overview
Multiple
Mixers
:\INYV\WZ
4HPU6\[39
(\_:LUKZ
Phase Reverse button
;HWL0UW\[
;HSRIHJR4PJ
:VSV)\Z
7OHZLYL]LYZLPZVUS`H]HPSHISLVU[OLJOHUULSZVM[OL
PUW\[I\Z
4VUP[VY)\Z
High Pass filter
Engages the High Pass Filter.
;OL/PNO7HZZÄS[LYZLJ[PVUJVUZPZ[ZVMHULUJVKLYHUKH
TL[LY@V\^PSSUV[PJL[OH[[OL[OLYLPZHMYLX\LUJ`YHUNL
[V [OL SLM[ VM [OL TL[LY ;OL OPNOWHZZ ÄS[LY»Z [OYLZOVSK
JHUILZL[MYVT/a[VR/a>OLU[OLTL[LYPZZL[[V
P[ZSV^LZ[WVPU[[OLÄS[LYPZVMM
9LTLTILY[OH[HSSMYLX\LUJPLZILSV^HOPNOWHZZÄS[LY»Z
[OYLZOVSK HYL H[[LU\H[LK :LL ZLJ[PVU MVY TVYL
KL[HPSZ
;OLOPNOWHZZÄS[LYPZVUS`H]HPSHISLVU[OLJOHUULSZ
VM[OLPUW\[I\Z
Gate On/Off button
Turns the Gate On and Off for the Selected Channel.
;OPZI\[[VULUNHNLZHUKKPZLUNHNLZ[OLNH[LMVY[OL
ZLSLJ[LKJOHUULS0[^PSSPSS\TPUH[L[VPUKPJH[L[OH[[OL
NH[LOHZILLULUHISLK
;OLNH[LPZH]HPSHISLMVYHSSPUW\[HUKV\[W\[I\ZLZ
Technical Information
7\ZO [OPZ I\[[VU [V PU]LY[ [OL WOHZL VM [OL ZLSLJ[LK
JOHUULS»ZZPNUHS[OH[PZ[VHS[LY[OLWOHZLI`‡;OL
I\[[VU^PSSPSS\TPUH[LPUKPJH[PUN[OH[[OLWOHZLYL]LYZLPZ
HJ[P]L;OL7OHZL9L]LYZLI\[[VUJHUIL\ZLK[VJVYYLJ[
H\KPVZPNUHSZ[OH[HYLV\[VMWOHZLHUKJHUJLSSPUNLHJO
V[OLYV\[
,_[LYUHS-?9L[\YUZ
Tutorials
Reverses the Phase of the Selected Channel.
0U[LYUHS-?:LUKZ
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
;OL-H[*OHUULS
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
;OL-H[*OHUULS
2.3.2
Dynamics Processing and EQ
2.3.2
Dynamics Processing and EQ
Enables Automatic Attack and Release Mode.
Turns the Auto Button On
>OLU (\[V TVKL PZ HJ[P]L [OL ([[HJR HUK 9LSLHZL
JVU[YVSZ ILJVTL PUVWLYH[P]L HUK H WYLWYVNYHTTLK
H[[HJRHUKYLSLHZLJ\Y]LPZ\ZLK0U[OPZTVKL[OLH[[HJR
PZZL[[VTZHUK[OLYLSLHZLPZZL[[VTZ(SSV[OLY
;OPZ LUJVKLY ZL[Z HUK [OL TL[LY KPZWSH`Z [OL NH[L
[OYLZOVSKMVY[OLZLSLJ[LKJOHUULS;OL[OYLZOVSKKL[LY
TPULZ[OLSL]LSH[^OPJO[OLNH[L^PSSVWLU,ZZLU[PHSS`HSS
ZPNUHSZ HIV]L [OL [OYLZOVSK ZL[[PUN HYL WHZZLK [OYV\NO
JVTWYLZZVYWHYHTL[LYZJHUZ[PSSILHKQ\Z[LKTHU\HSS`
Controls & Connections
Sets and Displays the Threshold of the Gate for the
Selected Channel.
Recording
Gate Threshold
Overview
\UHMMLJ[LK@V\JHUZL[[OL[OYLZOVSKMYVT[VK)
Soft Knee/Hard Knee Toggle Button
Compressor Threshold
Gate Release
Sets and Displays the Threshold of the Compressor
for the Selected Channel or Ouput Bus.
Sets and Displays the Rate the Gate Closes on the
Selected Channel.
;OPZLUJVKLYZL[ZHUK[OLTL[LYKPZWSH`Z[OL[OYLZOVSK
VM[OLJVTWYLZZVYMVY[OLZLSLJ[LKJOHUULSVYV\[W\[I\Z
>OLU[OLZPNUHS»ZHTWSP[\KLSL]LSL_JLLKZ[OL[OYLZOVSK
ZL[[PUN [OL JVTWYLZZVY PZ LUNHNLK ;\YUPUN [OL RUVI
JV\U[LYJSVJR^PZL SV^LYZ [OL [OYLZOVSK ZV JVTWYLZZPVU
ILNPUZ H[ H SV^LY HTWSP[\KL ;OL [OYLZOVSK JHU IL ZL[
MYVT[VK)
;OPZ LUJVKLY ZL[Z HUK [OL TL[LY KPZWSH`Z [OL YH[L H[
^OPJO[OLNH[LMVY[OLZLSLJ[LKJOHUULSJSVZLZ;OLYH[L
JHUILZL[MYVT[VZLJVUKZ
9LTLTILYNH[LYLSLHZL[PTLZZOV\SK[`WPJHSS`ILZL[ZV
[OH[ [OL UH[\YHS KLJH` VM [OL PUZ[Y\TLU[ VY ]VJHS ILPUN
NH[LKPZUV[HMMLJ[LK:OVY[LYYLSLHZL[PTLZOLSW[VJSLHU
\W [OL UVPZL PU H ZPNUHS I\[ TH` JH\ZL ¸JOH[[LYPUN¹ PU
WLYJ\ZZP]L PUZ[Y\TLU[Z 3VUNLY YLSLHZL [PTLZ \Z\HSS`
LSPTPUH[L ¸JOH[[LYPUN¹ HUK ZOV\SK IL ZL[ I` SPZ[LUPUN
JHYLM\SS`MVY[OLTVZ[UH[\YHSYLSLHZLVM[OLZPNUHS
Compression Ratio
Compressor On/Off button
Sets and Displays the Compression Ratio Setting for
the Selected Input Channel or Output Bus.
Turns the Compressor On and Off for the Selected
Channel or Output Bus.
;OPZ LUJVKLY ZL[Z HUK [OL TL[LY KPZWSH`Z [OL JVT
WYLZZPVU YH[PV VY ZSVWL MVY [OL ZLSLJ[LK JOHUULS VY
V\[W\[I\Z;OLYH[PVZL[Z[OLJVTWYLZZPVUZSVWL^OPJO
PZHM\UJ[PVUVM[OLV\[W\[SL]LS]LYZ\Z[OLPUW\[SL]LS-VY
L_HTWSLPM`V\OH]L[OLYH[PVZL[[V!HU`ZPNUHSSL]LSZ
HIV]L[OL[OYLZOVSKZL[[PUN^PSSILJVTWYLZZLKH[HYH[PV
VM ! ;OPZ TLHUZ [OH[ MVY L]LY` K) VM SL]LS PUJYLHZL
HIV]L [OL [OYLZOVSK [OL JVTWYLZZVY»Z V\[W\[ ^PSS VUS`
PUJYLHZLK);OLYH[PVJHUILZL[MYVT![V!
;OPZ I\[[VU LUNHNLZ VY KPZLUNHNLZ [OL JVTWYLZZVY MVY
[OLZLSLJ[LKJOHUULSVYV\[W\[I\Z0[^PSSPSS\TPUH[L[V
PUKPJH[L[OH[[OLJVTWYLZZVYOHZILLULUHISLK
;OL JVTWYLZZVY PZ H]HPSHISL MVY HSS PUW\[ HUK V\[W\[
I\ZLZ
Technical Information
Tutorials
0U UVYTHS VWLYH[PUN TVKL [OL JVTWYLZZVY PZ ZL[ MVY
OHYKRULLJVTWYLZZPVUTLHUPUN[OH[[OLNHPUYLK\J[PVU
HWWSPLK[V[OLZPNUHSVJJ\YZHZZVVUHZ[OLZPNUHSL_JLLKZ
[OLSL]LSZL[I`[OL[OYLZOVSK>OLU[OL:VM[2ULLI\[[VU
PZLUNHNLK[OLVUZL[VMNHPUYLK\J[PVUVJJ\YZNYHK\HSS`
HM[LY[OLZPNUHSOHZL_JLLKLK[OL[OYLZOVSK
Multiple
Mixers
Engages Soft-Knee Compression.
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
;OL-H[*OHUULS
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
;OL-H[*OHUULS
2.3.2
Dynamics Processing and EQ
2.3.2
Dynamics Processing and EQ
Compressor Release
;OPZ I\[[VU HJ[P]LZ JVU[YVS VM [OL LX\HSPaLY»Z 3V^ IHUK
MVY[OLZLSLJ[LKJOHUULSVYI\Z;OLI\[[VU^PSSPSS\TPUH[L
[VPUKPJH[LJVU[YVSPZHJ[P]L
Low Band EQ Frequency Control
Sets and Displays the Center Frequency of the Low
Band EQ.
;OPZ LUJVKLY ZL[Z HUK [OL TL[LY KPZWSH`Z [OL JLU[LY
MYLX\LUJ` VM [OL LX\HSPaLY»Z 3V^ IHUK ;OL JLU[LY
MYLX\LUJ` PZ [OL TPKKSL VM [OL WHZZIHUK [OL TLHU
IL[^LLU [OL SV^LY HUK \WWLY J\[VMM MYLX\LUJPLZ [OH[
KLÄUL[OLSPTP[ZVM[OLIHUK
@V\JHUHKQ\Z[[OLJLU[LYMYLX\LUJ`MYVT[V/a
Low Band EQ Gain Control
Sets and Displays the Gain Attenuation or Boost of
the Center Frequency.
9LTLTILY ]LY` ZOVY[ YLSLHZL [PTLZ JHU WYVK\JL H
JOVWW`VY¸QP[[LY`¹ZV\UKLZWLJPHSS`^OLUJVTWYLZZPUN
PUZ[Y\TLU[Z[OH[OH]LHSV[VMSV^MYLX\LUJ`JVTWVULU[Z
Z\JOHZIHZZN\P[HY=LY`SVUNYLSLHZL[PTLZJHUYLZ\S[PU
HU V]LYJVTWYLZZLK VY ¸ZX\HZOLK¹ ZV\UK (SS YHUNLZ
VM YLSLHZL JHU IL \ZLM\S OV^L]LY HUK `V\ ZOV\SK
L_WLYPTLU[ [V ILJVTL MHTPSPHY ^P[O KPMMLYLU[ ZVUPJ
WVZZPIPSP[PLZ
Compressor Makeup Gain
;OPZ LUJVKLY ZL[Z HUK [OL TL[LY KPZWSH`Z [OL NHPU J\[
VY IVVZ[ H[ [OL JLU[LY MYLX\LUJ` MVY [OL 3V^ IHUK ;OL
SL]LSVM[OLJLU[LYMYLX\LUJ`JHUILZL[IL[^LLUHUK
K)
Sets and Displays the Amount of Makeup Gain for
the Compressor on the Selected Input Channel or
Output Bus.
;OPZ LUJVKLY ZL[Z HUK [OL TL[LY KPZWSH`Z [OL THRL\W
NHPU ZL[[PUN VM [OL JVTWYLZZVY MVY [OL ZLSLJ[LK JOHUULS
VYV\[W\[I\Z>OLUJVTWYLZZPUNHZPNUHSNHPUYLK\J[PVU
\Z\HSS`YLZ\S[ZPUHUV]LYHSSH[[LU\H[PVUVMSL]LS;OLNHPU
JVU[YVSHSSV^Z`V\[VYLZ[VYL[OPZSVZZPUSL]LSHUKYLHKQ\Z[
[OL]VS\TL[V[OLWYLJVTWYLZZPVUSL]LSPMKLZPYLK@V\
JHUHKQ\Z[4HRL\W.HPUMYVTK)UVNHPUHKQ\Z[TLU[
[VK)
Controls & Connections
;OL 3V^ )HUK ,8 PZ H]HPSHISL MVY HSS PUW\[ HUK V\[W\[
I\ZLZ
Sets and Displays the Compressor Release Setting
for the Selected Input Channel or Output Bus.
;OPZ LUJVKLY ZL[Z HUK [OL TL[LY KPZWSH`Z [OL YLSLHZL
ZL[[PUN VM [OL JVTWYLZZVY MVY [OL ZLSLJ[LK JOHUULS
VY V\[W\[ I\Z 9LSLHZL ZL[Z [OL SLUN[O VM [PTL [OL
JVTWYLZZVY [HRLZ [V YL[\YU [OL NHPU YLK\J[PVU IHJR
[V aLYV UV NHPU YLK\J[PVU HM[LY JYVZZPUN ILSV^ [OL
JVTWYLZZPVU [OYLZOVSK 9LSLHZL JHU IL ZL[ MYVT [V
TPSSPZLJVUKZ
Recording
Activates Control for the Low Band EQ for the
Selected Input or Output Bus.
Multiple
Mixers
;OPZ LUJVKLY ZL[Z HUK [OL TL[LY KPZWSH`Z [OL
JVTWYLZZVY»Z H[[HJR ZL[[PUN MVY [OL ZLSLJ[LK JOHUULS
VY V\[W\[ I\Z ([[HJR ZL[Z [OL ZWLLK H[ ^OPJO [OL
JVTWYLZZVY HJ[Z VU [OL PUW\[ ZPNUHS ( ZSV^ H[[HJR
[PTL M\SS` JSVJR^PZL HSSV^Z [OL ILNPUUPUN UVUOHYTVUPJ
JVTWVULU[VMHZPNUHSJVTTVUS`YLMLYYLK[VHZ[OLPUP[PHS
[YHUZPLU[[VWHZZ[OYV\NO\UJVTWYLZZLK^OLYLHZHMHZ[
H[[HJR[PTLM\SS`JV\U[LYJSVJR^PZL[YPNNLYZJVTWYLZZPVU
PTTLKPH[LS` ^OLU H ZPNUHS L_JLKLZ [OL [OYLZOVSK @V\
JHUZL[[OLH[[HJRMYVT[VTPSSPZLJVUKZ
EQ Low Band On/Off Button
Tutorials
Sets and Displays the Compressor Attack Setting for
the Selected Input Channel or Output Bus.
Technical Information
Compressor Attack
Overview
Turns on the Low Shelf EQ for the Selected Input or
Output Bus.
Low Shelf EQ Button
>OLU[OL:OLSMI\[[VUPZUV[LUNHNLK[OL3V^IHUKPZH
ZLTPWHYHTL[YPJ,8,UHISPUN[OL:OLSMI\[[VU[\YUZ[OL
3V^ IHUK PU[V H SV^ZOLS]PUN ,8 [OH[ HS[LYZ I` H Ä_LK
HTV\U[HIHUKVMSV^MYLX\LUJPLZH[HUKILSV^H\ZLY
ZLSLJ[LKZOLS]PUNMYLX\LUJ`0[»ZSPRLHIHZZJVU[YVSRUVI
VUHZ[LYLV0U[OPZTVKL[OL*LU[LY-YLX\LUJ`JVU[YVS
ZLSLJ[Z[OLZOLS]PUNMYLX\LUJ`
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
;OL-H[*OHUULS
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
;OL-H[*OHUULS
2.3.2
Dynamics Processing and EQ
2.3.2
Dynamics Processing and EQ
;OPZ I\[[VU HJ[P]LZ [OL JVU[YVSZ MVY [OL LX\HSPaLY»Z 3V^
4PKIHUKMVY[OLZLSLJ[LKPUW\[VYV\[W\[;OLI\[[VU^PSS
PSS\TPUH[L[VPUKPJH[LJVU[YVSPZHJ[P]L
;OPZI\[[VUHJ[P]LZ[OLJVU[YVSMVY[OL/PNO4PKIHUKMVY
[OLZLSLJ[LKPUW\[VYV\[W\[;OLI\[[VU^PSSPSS\TPUH[L[V
PUKPJH[L[OH[[OLJVU[YVSPZHJ[P]L
;OL3V^4PK)HUK,8PZH]HPSHISLMVYHSSPUW\[HUKV\[W\[
I\ZLZ
;OL/PNO4PK)HUK,8PZH]HPSHISLMVYHSSPUW\[HUK
V\[W\[I\ZLZ
Sets and Displays the Center Frequency of the Low
Mid Band EQ.
High Mid Band EQ Frequency Control
Sets and Displays the Center Frequency of the High
Mid Band EQ.
;OPZ LUJVKLY ZL[Z HUK [OL TL[LY KPZWSH`Z [OL JLU[LY
MYLX\LUJ` MVY [OL 3V^ 4PK IHUK @V\ JHU HKQ\Z[ [OL
JLU[LYMYLX\LUJ`MYVT /a[VR/a
;OPZ LUJVKLY ZL[Z HUK [OL TL[LY KPZWSH`Z [OL JLU[LY
MYLX\LUJ` VM [OL /PNO 4PK IHUK @V\ JHU HKQ\Z[ [OL 8
Technical Information
MYVT/a[VR/a
Controls & Connections
Activates Controls for the High Mid Band EQ for the
Selected Input or Output Bus.
Recording
High Mid EQ Button
Multiple
Mixers
Low Mid Band EQ Frequency Control
Activates Controls for the Low Mid Band EQ for the
Selected Input or Output Bus.
Tutorials
Low Mid EQ Button
Overview
Hi Q Button
Enables a Narrow Bandwidth for the Low Mid Band
EQ on the Selected Input or Output.
8 PZ [OL YH[PV VM [OL ,8 IHUK»Z JLU[LY MYLX\LUJ` [V P[Z
IHUK^PK[O >P[O H JVUZ[HU[ JLU[LY MYLX\LUJ` OPNOLY
8 ]HS\LZ PUKPJH[L H UHYYV^LY IHUK^PK[O ZV 8 PZ VM[LU
LX\H[LK ^P[O IHUK^PK[O )` KLMH\S[ [OL 8 PZ ZL[ [V
H ]HS\L VM >OLU [OL /P 8 I\[[VU PZ LUNHNLK [OL
8 ZL[[PUN ^PSS IL PUJYLHZLK [V [O\Z UHYYV^PUN [OL
IHUK^PK[O[VWYV]PKLTVYLWYLJPZLJVU[YVS
Low Mid Band EQ Gain Control
Hi Q Button
Enables a Narrow Bandwidth for the High Mid Band
EQ on the Selected Input or Output.
8 PZ [OL YH[PV VM [OL ,8 IHUK»Z JLU[LY MYLX\LUJ` [V P[Z
IHUK^PK[O >P[O H JVUZ[HU[ JLU[LY MYLX\LUJ` OPNOLY 8
]HS\LZ PUKPJH[L H UHYYV^LY IHUK^PK[O )` KLMH\S[ [OL
/PNO 4PK ,8 PZ ZL[ [V H SV^ 8 $ >OLU [OL /P 8
I\[[VU PZ LUNHNLK [OL IHUK^PK[O ^PSS UHYYV^ [V [V
WYV]PKLTVYLL_HJ[JVU[YVS
Sets and Displays the Gain Attenuation or Boost of
the Center Frequency for the Low Mid Band.
;OPZLUJVKLYZL[ZHUK[OLTL[LYKPZWSH`Z[OL.HPUJ\[
VY IVVZ[ H[ [OL JLU[LY MYLX\LUJ` VM [OL 3V^ 4PK IHUK
;OLSL]LSVM[OLJLU[LYMYLX\LUJ`JHUILZL[IL[^LLU
HUKK)
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
;OL-H[*OHUULS
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
;OL-H[*OHUULS
2.3.2
Dynamics Processing and EQ
2.3.2
Dynamics Processing and EQ
Sets and Displays the Gain Attenuation or Boost at
the Center Frequency of the High Band EQ.
;OPZ LUJVKLY ZL[Z HUK [OL TL[LY KPZWSH`Z [OL NHPU J\[
VY IVVZ[ H[ [OL JLU[LY MYLX\LUJ` VM [OL /PNO 4PK IHUK
;OLSL]LSVM[OLJLU[LYMYLX\LUJ`JHUILZL[IL[^LLU
HUKK)
Tutorials
Multiple
Mixers
;OPZLUJVKLYZL[ZHUK[OLTL[LYKPZWSH`Z[OLNHPUJ\[
VYIVVZ[H[[OLJLU[LYMYLX\LUJ`VM[OL/PNO)HUK,8
;OLSL]LSVM[OLJLU[LYMYLX\LUJ`JHUILZL[IL[^LLU
HUKK)
Controls & Connections
High Band EQ Gain Control
Recording
Sets and Displays the Gain Attenuation or Boost at
the Center Frequency.
High Mid Band EQ Gain Control
Overview
Activates Control for the High Band EQ for the
Selected Input or Output Bus.
Turns on the High Shelf EQ for the Selected Input or
Output Bus.
High Shelf EQ Button
>OLU[OL:OLSMI\[[VUPZUV[LUNHNLK[OL/PNOIHUKPZH
ZLTPWHYHTL[YPJ,8,UHISPUN[OL:OLSMI\[[VU[\YUZ[OL
/PNOIHUKPU[VHOPNOZOLS]PUN,8[OH[HS[LYZI`HÄ_LK
HTV\U[HIHUKVMSV^MYLX\LUJPLZH[HUKHIV]LH\ZLY
ZLSLJ[LKZOLS]PUNMYLX\LUJ`0[»ZSPRLH[YLISLJVU[YVSRUVI
VUHZ[LYLV0U[OPZTVKL[OL*LU[LY-YLX\LUJ`JVU[YVS
ZLSLJ[Z[OLZOLS]PUNMYLX\LUJ`
;OPZI\[[VUHJ[P]LZJVU[YVSVM[OL/PNOIHUKMVY[OL
ZLSLJ[LKJOHUULSVYI\Z;OLI\[[VU^PSSPSS\TPUH[L[V
PUKPJH[LJVU[YVSPZHJ[P]L
;OL/PNO)HUK,8PZH]HPSHISLMVYHSSPUW\[HUKV\[W\[
I\ZLZ
High Band EQ Frequency Control
Sets and Displays the Center Frequency of the High
Band EQ.
Limiter On/Off Button
Turns on the Limiter for the Selected Input Channel
or Output Bus.
;OPZ LUJVKLY ZL[Z HUK [OL TL[LY KPZWSH`Z [OL JLU[LY
MYLX\LUJ` VM [OL /PNO IHUK @V\ JHU HKQ\Z[ [OL JLU[LY
MYLX\LUJ`MYVT[VR/a
>OLU [OL SPTP[LY PZ LUNHNLK [OL I\[[VU ^PSS PSS\TPUH[L
;OL[OYLZOVSKMVY[OLSPTP[LYPZZL[[VK)-:;OL9H[PV
PZ– !
Technical Information
High Band EQ On/Off Button
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
;OL-H[*OHUULS
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
;OL-H[*OHUULS
2.3.3
Panning and Stereo Link
2.3.4
Output Assignments
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
*OHUULSZ
*OHUULSZ
*OHUULSZ
*OHUULSZ
*OHUULSZ ‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
(\_(\_
(\_(\_
(\_(\_
:\INYV\WZ
:\INYV\WZ
*OHUULSZ
*OHUULSZ
*OHUULSZ
(Z[LYLVSPURJHUILLUHISLK^OLULP[OLYJOHUULS
PU [OL WHPY PZ ZLSLJ[LK >OLU [OL Z[LYLV SPUR
I\[[VU PZ PSS\TPUH[LK HSS [OL K`UHTPJZ ZL[[PUNZ
Z\INYV\W HZZPNUTLU[Z HUK THPU HZZPNUTLU[Z
HYL WHZ[LK VU[V [OL V[OLY JOHUULS PU [OL WHPY
5V[L [OH[ [OPZ PZ H UVUKLZ[Y\J[P]L WHZ[L
>OLU [OL 3PUR I\[[VU PZ KPZLUNHNLK [OL V[OLY
JOHUULS»Z ZL[[PUNZ ^PSS IL YLZ[VYLK [V P[Z WYL]PV\Z ZL[[PUN -VY PUZ[HUJL PM *OHUULS PZ ZLSLJ[LK
^OLU[OL:[LYLV3PURI\[[VUPZLUNHNLKHSSVM*OHUULS»ZZL[[PUNZ^PSSILJVWPLKVU[V*OHUULS0M
*OHUULSPZZLSLJ[LK^OLU[OL:[LYLV3PURI\[[VUPZLUNHNLK*OHUULS»ZZL[[PUNZ^PSSILJVWPLK
VU[V*OHUULS)LJH\ZL[OLZL[[PUNZHYLJVWPLKUVUKLZ[Y\J[P]LS`P[PZWVZZPISL[V()K`UHTPJZ
ZL[[PUNZ ^P[O [OL [V\JO VM [^V I\[[VUZ >OPJOL]LY JOHUULS PZ ZLSLJ[LK ^OLU [OL SPUR I\[[VU PZ
LUNHNLK^PSSIL[OL3PUR4HZ[LY>OLULP[OLYJOHUULSPU[OLZ[LYLVSPURPZZLSLJ[LKIV[OJOHUULSZº
:LSLJ[ I\[[VUZ ^PSS PSS\TPUH[L I\[ [OL 3PUR 4HZ[LYºZ 0+ U\TILY ^PSS IL KPZWSH`LK PU [OL :LSLJ[LK
*OHUULS3,+YLHKV\[U[OL-H[*OHUULS
;OL -H[ *OHUULS HSZV NP]LZ `V\ [OL VW[PVU VM
ZLUKPUN Q\Z[ [OL \UWYVJLZZLK H\KPV [V `V\Y
JVTW\[LYVYPUJS\KPUN[OL-H[*OHUULSZL[[PUNZ
PU[OLYLJVYKLKZPNUHS>OLU[OL+PN6\[I\[[VU
PZLUHISLK[OLZPNUHSILPUNZLU[[V[OL-PYL>PYL
I\ZPZWVZ[,8HUKWVZ[K`UHTPJZWYVJLZZPUN"
[OL I\[[VU ^PSS PSS\TPUH[L [V PUKPJH[L [OPZ ZPNUHS
ÅV^ >OLU [OL I\[[VU PZ KPZHISLK [OL ZPNUHS
ILPUNZLU[[V[OL-PYL>PYLI\ZPZWYL-H[*OHUULS;OL+PN6\[I\[[VUPZVUS`VW[PVUHS^OLUVUL
VM[OLPUW\[ZPZZLSLJ[LK;OL:\INYV\WZ4HPU6\[W\[(\_I\Z(\_0UZHUK0U[LYUHS,MMLJ[Z
9L[\YUZ H\[VTH[PJHSS` ZLUK [OLPY ZPNUHSZ WVZ[ -H[ *OHUULS K`UHTPJZ HUK ,8 (SS -PYL>PYL ZLUKZ
HYLWYLMHKLYL_JLW[MVY[OL:\INYV\WZHUK[OL4HPU6\[W\[Z-VYTVYLPUMVYTH[PVUVU\ZPUN`V\Y
:[\KPV3P]LHZHUH\KPVPU[LYMHJLWSLHZLJVUZ\S[:LJ[PVU
Controls & Connections
Recording
Multiple
Mixers
:[LYLVSPURPUNPZKVULMYVT^P[OPU[OL-H[*OHUULS0UW\[JOHUULSZH\_I\ZLZVYZ\INYV\WZJHU
ILSPURLK[VJYLH[LHZ[LYLVWHPY;OLZ[LYLVWHPYZHYLWYLKLÄULKHUKJHUUV[ILJOHUNLK;OL`HYL
HZMVSSV^Z!
(U`JOHUULSVU[OLPUW\[I\ZJHUILHZZPNULK[V
HU`VYHSSVM[OLZ\INYV\WV\[W\[ZHZ^LSSHZ[OL
THPUV\[W\[Z;OPZPUJS\KLZ[OLTHPUPUW\[Z
HUK [OL H\_PSPHY` PUW\[Z ;OL PU[LYUHS LMMLJ[Z
YL[\YUZJHUHSZVILHZZPNULK[VHU`VYHSSVM[OL
Z\INYV\WZHUK[OLTHPUV\[W\[Z
Tutorials
6\[W\[ HZZPNUTLU[Z HYL ZL[ ^P[OPU [OL -H[ *OHUULS 0[ ZOV\SK IL UV[LK [OH[ [OL :[\KPV3P]L ^PSS
WYL]LU[`V\MYVTJYLH[PUNHMLLKIHJRSVVW:\INYV\WZJHUVUS`ILHZZPNULK[V[OLTHPUV\[ZHUK
[OLZP_H\_ZLUKZJHUUV[ILHZZPNULK[VHZ\INYV\WVY[V[OLTHPUV\[W\[Z
Technical Information
;OL7HU*VU[YVSMVYLHJO0UW\[VY6\[W\[I\ZPZ
ZL[VU[OL-H[*OHUULS;OL3,+KPZWSH`ZOV^Z
[OL7HUZL[[PUNHUK[OLLUJVKLY[V[OLYPNO[VM
[OL KPZWSH` JVU[YVSZ WHUUPUN MVY [OL ZLSLJ[LK
PUW\[ VY V\[W\[ I\Z >OLU [^V JOHUULSZ HYL
SPURLK HZ Z[LYLV WHPY [OL 3,+ KPZWSH` ^PSS
H\[VTH[PJHSS`JOHUNL[VZ[LYLVWHU
Overview
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
2.3.5
Copy, Save, Load
2.4
Metering
Overview
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
;OL-H[*OHUULS
Controls & Connections
,]LY`ZL[[PUNPU[OL-H[*OHUULSJHUILJVWPLKMYVTVUL[VJOHUULS[VHUV[OLYHUKJHUILZH]LK
HUKZ[VYLKHZH\ZLYWYLZL[[VILYLJHSSLKSH[LY
;OL:[\KPV3P]LVMMLYZÅL_PISLTL[LYPUNH[[OL[V\JOVMHI\[[VU;OLTL[LYZPU[OL-H[*OHUULS
ZLJ[PVUJHUTVUP[VY!
Multiple
Mixers
Recording
7YLZZ [OL *VW` I\[[VU [V JVW` [OL ZL[[PUNZ
VU [OL ZLSLJ[LK JOHUULS VY I\Z ,]LY` :LSLJ[
I\[[VU VU [OL :[\KPV3P]L L_JLW[ [OL I\[[VU
MVY [OL J\YYLU[S` ZLSLJ[LK JOHUULS ^PSS ILNPU
[V ÅHZO ;OL :LSLJ[ I\[[VU MVY [OL ZLSLJ[LK
JOHUULS ^PSS UV[ PSS\TPUH[L @V\ JHU JVW` H -H[
*OHUULSZL[[PUNMYVTHU`JOHUULSVYI\Z[VHU`
JVTIPUH[PVU VM JOHUULSZ HUK I\ZLZ ;OL 3VHK
I\[[VU^PSSHSZVZ[HY[[VÅHZO
‹ (SSPUW\[ZWVZ[K`UHTPJZWVZ[,8HUKWVZ[MHKLY
‹ ;OLNHPUYLK\J[PVUMVYHSSPUW\[Z
‹ ;OLV\[W\[]VS\TLVMLHJOVM[OL(\_:LUKZ
3HZ[I\[JLY[HPUS`UV[SLHZ[[OLTL[LYZJHUIL\ZLK[VYLJHSS[OLMHKLYZL[[PUNZMVYHZH]LKZJLUL
;OL 3VHK I\[[VU JHU HSZV IL \ZLK [V YLJHSS
ZH]LKZL[[PUNZHUKWYLZL[Z-VYJVTWSL[LYLJHSS
PUZ[Y\J[PVUZZLL:LJ[PVU
@V\JHUZH]L`V\Y-H[*OHUULSZL[[PUNZMVYM\[\YL
\ZL ;V Z[VYL [OL J\YYLU[S` ZLSLJ[LK JOHUULS»Z
-H[*OHUULSZL[[PUNZWYLZZ[OL:H]LI\[[VU-VY
JVTWSL[L JOHUULSWYLZL[ Z[VYHNL PUZ[Y\J[PVUZ
ZLL:LJ[PVU
Technical Information
;V WHZ[L [OL J\YYLU[ JOHUULS»Z -H[ *OHUULS ZL[[PUN [V HUV[OLY JOHUULS VY I\Z ZPTWS` WYLZZ [OH[
JOHUULS»Z:LSLJ[I\[[VU0[^PSSZ[VWÅHZOPUNHUKPSS\TPUH[L(M[LY`V\OH]LZLSLJ[LKL]LY`JOHUULS[V
^OPJO`V\^HU[[OLZL[[PUNZWHZ[LKWYLZZ[OL3VHKI\[[VU;OL:[\KPV3P]L^PSSYL[\YU[VP[ZUVYTHS
Z[H[LPUKPJH[PUN[OH[[OL-H[*OHUULSZL[[PUNZOH]LILLUZ\JJLZZM\SS`WHZ[LK
Tutorials
‹ (SSPUW\[ZWVZ[NHPUHUKWYLK`UHTPJZWYL,8HUKWYLMHKLY
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
4L[LYPUN
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
2.4.1
Metering Controls
2.5
Input Channel Strip
Input Metering Button
Turns PFL Input Metering On and Off.
2.5.1
Input Channel Controls
Trim Control
;OL;YPTJVU[YVSHKQ\Z[Z[OLNHPUVM[OLJOHUULS»ZHUHSVN
PUW\[
Gain Reduction Meter Button
Phantom Power Button
Turns Phantom Power On/Off.
;OL :[\KPV3P]L PZ LX\PWWLK ^P[O PUKP]PK\HS WOHU[VT
WV^LY MVY L]LY` TPJYVWOVUL PUW\[ ;OL = I\[[VU ^PSS
PSS\TPUH[L ^OLU WOHU[VT WV^LY PZ HJ[P]H[LK -VY TVYL
PUMVYTH[PVUVUWOHU[VTWV^LYHUK[OLTPJYVWOVULZ[OH[
YLX\PYLP[WSLHZLYL]PL^:LJ[PVU
Turns Gain Reduction Metering On and Off.
+PZWSH`Z[OLNHPUYLK\J[PVUVM[OLPUW\[I\Z4L[LYZ
HYLVUL[VVUL4L[LYZOV^Z[OLNHPUYLK\J[PVUVM
*OHUULSL[J
FireWire Input Select Switch
Aux Metering Button
Turns FireWire Playback Streaming On/Off.
;OL-PYL>PYL0UW\[I\[[VUYV\[LZHWSH`IHJRZ[YLHTMYVT
`V\Y YLJVYKPUN ZVM[^HYL [V [OL :[\KPV3P]L»Z JOHUULS
PUW\[Z^OLYLP[PZYV\[LKHUKWYVJLZZLK[OLZHTL^H`HZ
HUHSVNPUW\[ZPNUHSZ-VYL_HTWSLPM`V\^HU[HWHY[PJ\SHY
YLJVYKLK [YHJR [V WSH` IHJR VU TP_LY JOHUULS ZPTWS`
YV\[L[OH[[YHJRPU`V\YYLJVYKPUNZVM[^HYL[V:[\KPV3P]L
6\[W\[;OPZI\[[VUJHUHSZVIL\ZLK[VPUZLY[HWS\NPU
LMMLJ[PU[V[OLTP_-VYTVYLPUMVYTH[PVUVU[OPZMLH[\YL
WSLHZLYL]PL^ZLJ[PVU
Turns Aux Bus Master Out Metering On and Off.
+PZWSH`Z[OLV\[W\[SL]LSVMLHJOVM[OLH\_ZLUKZ
•
4L[LYZ HUKKPZWSH`[OLV\[W\[
SL]LSZVM(\_:LUKZYLZWLJ[P]LS`
•
4L[LYZ HUK KPZWSH` [OL V\[W\[ SL]LS VM
,-?(HUK,-?)
Fader Locate Button
Turns Fader-Recall Metering On and Off.
+V UV[ LUNHNL [OPZ I\[[VU ^OLU `V\Y :[\KPV3P]L PZ UV[
JVUULJ[LKHUKZ`UJLK[VHJVTW\[LY
+PZWSH`Z[OLMHKLYWVZP[PVUVM[OLZ[VYLKZJLUL>OLU
YLJHSSPUNHMHKLYWVZP[PVUHKQ\Z[[OLMHKLY\U[PSVUS`[OL
JLU[LY3,+PZ]PZPISLPUP[ZTL[LY
Controls & Connections
Technical Information
Turns Post-Fader Output Metering On and Off.
:^P[JOLZ[OLTL[LYZ[VKPZWSH`[OLWVZ[K`UHTPJZWVZ[
MHKLYSL]LSVM[OL0UW\[I\Z4L[LYZHYLVUL[VVUL4L[LY
ZOV^Z[OLSL]LSVM*OHUULSL[J
Recording
Adjusts the Input Gain Level.
:^P[JOLZ [OL TL[LYZ [V KPZWSH` [OL WYLK`UHTPJZ WYL
MHKLYSL]LSVM[OLPUW\[I\Z4L[LYZHYLVUL[VVUL4L[LY
ZOV^Z[OLSL]LSVM*OHUULSL[J
Output Metering Button
Multiple
Mixers
0[ PZ PTWVY[HU[ [V TLU[PVU [OH[ [OL TL[LYZ ZPTWS` V]LYSH` VU [OL WYL]PV\ZS` ZLSLJ[LK -H[ *OHUULS
Z[H[L-VYPUZ[HUJLPM`V\OH]L*OHUULSZLSLJ[LKHUK[OLUWYLZZ[OL6\[W\[I\[[VUPU[OL4L[LY
ZLJ[PVU[OLRUVIZHUKI\[[VUZPU[OL-H[*OHUULSZLJ[PVU^PSSZ[PSSILHJ[P]LHUKHU`JOHUNLZTHKL
^PSSILHWWSPLKL]LU[OV\NO[OL`^PSSUV[ILYLÅLJ[LKPU[OL4L[LYZLJ[PVU;OLHK]HU[HNLVM[OPZPZ
[OH[`V\JHUTHRLHKQ\Z[TLU[ZPU[OL-H[*OHUULSWYLZZH4L[LYI\[[VUHUKTVUP[VY`V\YLU[PYL
TP_[OLUWYLZZ[OLZHTLI\[[VU[VYL[\YU[VZL[[PUN\W`V\Y-H[*OHUULSZLSLJ[PVU
;OL:[\KPV3P]LPZLX\PWWLK^P[OHSSVM[OLZ[HUKHYKPUW\[JVU[YVSZVMHUHUHSVNTP_LY0UHKKP[PVU
[OL:[\KPV3P]LWYV]PKLZ[OLHKKLKÅL_PIPSP[`VMYV\[PUNHWSH`IHJRZ[YLHTMYVT`V\YH\KPVYLJVYKPUN
ZVM[^HYL[V[OLTP_LY]PH[OL-PYL>PYLI\ZQ\Z[HZPMP[^LYLHUHUHSVNPUW\[;OPZSL[Z`V\PUJVYWVYH[L
KPNP[HSH\KPV[YHJRZPU[V[OLTHPUTP_HZ^LSSHZPUZLY[PUNWS\NPULMMLJ[ZHUKZVM[^HYLPUZ[Y\TLU[Z
MYVT`V\YH\KPVWYVNYHT
Tutorials
)LSV^[OL:`Z[LTZLJ[PVUVM[OL:[\KPV3P]L`V\^PSSÄUK[OL4L[LYZZLJ[PVU,HJOVM[OLZLI\[[VUZ
HYL[VNNSLZ^P[JOLZTLHUPUN`V\JHU[\YU[OLTVUVYVMMI`ZPTWS`WYLZZPUN[OLTHUK[OLUWYLZZPUN
[OLTHNHPU;OLTL[LYZ[H[LJHUHSZVILJOHUNLKI`WYLZZPUNHUV[OLYI\[[VUPU[OL4L[LYZLJ[PVU
HU`:LSLJ[I\[[VUVU[OL:[\KPV3P]LVYH4P_VY4P_7HUI\[[VUPU[OL(\_ZLJ[PVU
Overview
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
2.5.1
Input Channel Controls
2.6
The Aux Bus
(ZWYL]PV\ZS`KLZJYPILKPUZLJ[PVU[OL:LSLJ[I\[[VU
YV\[LZP[ZJOHUULS[OYV\NO[OL-H[*OHUULSHSSV^PUN`V\
[V HKK K`UHTPJZ WYVJLZZPUN ,8 HUK WHUUPUN" HZZPNU
[OLV\[W\[YV\[PUN"HUKTVYL
;OL:[\KPV3P]LOHZZP_HUHSVNH\_ZLUKZHUK[^VPU[LYUHSLMMLJ[ZZLUKZ;OLH\_ZLUKZHYLTVUV"
OV^L]LY[^VH\_ZLUKZJHUILSPURLK[VJYLH[LHZ[LYLVI\Z:LJ[PVUKPZJ\ZZLZOV^[V\ZL
[OLZLH\_I\ZLZMVYTVUP[VYHUKLMMLJ[ZTP_PUN
2.6.1
Analog Aux Sends
;OPZI\[[VU^PSSZVSVP[ZJOHUULS[V[OLTHPUV\[W\[ZVY[V
[OLTVUP[VYV\[W\[ZKLWLUKPUNVU^OL[OLY7-3VY:07PZ
ZLSLJ[LK PU [OL :VSV I\Z ZLJ[PVU 7SLHZL YL]PL^ :LJ[PVU
MVYKL[HPSZ
Solo Button
Turns Soloing On and Off.
;OPZI\[[VU^PSSZVSV[OLH\_I\Z[V[OLTHPUV\[W\[ZVY[V
[OLTVUP[VYV\[W\[ZKLWLUKPUNVU^OL[OLY7-3VY:07PZ
ZLSLJ[LK PU [OL :VSV I\Z ZLJ[PVU 7SLHZL YL]PL^ :LJ[PVU
MVYKL[HPSZ
>OLU H :VSV I\[[VU PZ LUHISL [OH[ JOHUULS VY I\Z ^PSS
H\[VTH[PJHSS` IL ZLSLJ[LK HUK P[Z :LSLJ[ I\[[VU ^PSS
PSS\TPUH[L
Mute Button
Turns Muting On and Off.
;OPZI\[[VUT\[LZP[ZJOHUULS0[^PSSPSS\TPUH[LYLK^OLU
[OL JOHUULS PZ T\[LK >OLU H T\[L I\[[VU PZ LUNHNLK
P[Z JOHUULS ^PSS IL T\[LK PU HSS VM P[Z HZZPNULK V\[W\[Z
:\INYV\WZ4HPUZHUK(\_:LUKZ
Channel Fader
>OLUH:VSVI\[[VUPZLUHISLK[OH[JOHUULSVYI\Z^PSS
H\[VTH[PJHSS` IL ZLSLJ[LK HUK P[Z :LSLJ[ I\[[VU ^PSS
PSS\TPUH[L
Post-Fader Send Button
Enables and Disables Post-Fader Send.
>OLU [OPZ I\[[VU PZ LUHISLK [OL ZLUK SL]LSZ [V [OH[
H\_ ZLUK ^PSS IL WVZ[-H[ *OHUULS HUK WVZ[MHKLY HUK
[OLYLMVYL HYL HMMLJ[LK I` MHKLY ZL[[PUNZ 0M [OL I\[[VU PZ
KPZHISLKI`KLMH\S[[OLH\_I\ZLZ\ZL[OL7YLZL[[PUN
HUK HSS JOHUULSZ VU `V\Y :[\KPV3P]L HYL ZLU[ [V [OL H\_
I\ZHM[LY[OLWOHZLYL]LYZLZ^P[JOOPNOWHZZÄS[LYHUK
UVPZL NH[L I\[ ILMVYL [OL JVTWYLZZVY ,8 SPTP[LY HUK
MHKLY /V^L]LY PU [OL :`Z[LT 4LU\ `V\ JHU ZLSLJ[ [OL
7YL ZL[[PUN [V TV]L [OL ZLUK HM[LY HSS -H[ *OHUULS
WYVJLZZPUN I\[ ILMVYL [OL MHKLY 7SLHZL YL]PL^ :LJ[PVU
MVYKL[HPSZ
Controls the Overall Level of the Channel.
,HJOPUW\[JOHUULSMLH[\YLZHTTSVUN[OYV^MHKLY
MVYHJJ\YH[LSL]LSHKQ\Z[TLU[<UP[`NHPUK)PZKLUV[LK
I`H¸<¹
;OL^OP[LHYLHHIV]L[OLMHKLYJHUIL\ZLKHZHZJYPIISL
Z[YPW <ZLVUS`VPSWLUJPSZ"V[OLY[`WLZVMWLUZVYWLUJPSZ
JHUUV[IL^PWLKVMM
Output Level Control
Adjusts the Master Output Level of the Aux Send.
;OPZRUVIHKQ\Z[Z[OLTHZ[LYV\[W\[SL]LSVM[OLH\_ZLUK
;V JSLHU [OL ZJYPIISL Z[YPW \ZL H SPNO[S` KHTW JSV[O [V
YLTV]L[OL^YP[PUN
Multiple
Mixers
Turns Soloing On and Off.
Tutorials
Solo Button
Recording
Enables Fat Channel Processing and Routing.
Technical Information
Input-Channel Select Button
Overview
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
0UW\[*OHUULS:[YPW
Controls & Connections
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
;OL(\_)\Z
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
;OL(\_)\Z
2.6.1
Analog Aux Sends
2.6.2
Internal Effects Send Controls
Mutes and Unmutes the Internal Effects Bus.
;OPZI\[[VU^PSST\[LVY\UT\[LP[ZPU[LYUHSLMMLJ[Z,-?
I\Z0[^PSSPSS\TPUH[LYLK^OLU[OLI\ZPZT\[LK
Recording
(Z WYL]PV\ZS` KLZJYPILK PU ZLJ[PVU [OL :LSLJ[
I\[[VU YV\[LZ P[Z H\_ ZLUK [OYV\NO [OL -H[ *OHUULS
HSSV^PUN`V\[VHKKK`UHTPJZWYVJLZZPUNHUK,8
Post Fader Send Button
Enables and Disables Post Fader Send.
)` KLMH\S[ [OPZ I\[[VU PZ LUHISLK HUK [OL ZLUK SL]LSZ
[V [OL LMMLJ[Z I\ZLZ HYL WVZ[,8 WVZ[K`UHTPJZ
WYVJLZZPUN HUK WVZ[MHKLY HUK [OLYLMVYL HYL HMMLJ[LK
I` MHKLY ZL[[PUNZ 0M [OL I\[[VU PZ KPZHISLK I` KLMH\S[
[OL,-?ZLUKZ\ZL[OL7YLZL[[PUNPU^OPJO[OLZLUKZ
HYLWVZ[,8HUKWVZ[K`UHTPJZI\[WYLMHKLY/V^L]LY
PU [OL :`Z[LT 4LU\ `V\ JHU Z^P[JO [OL ,-? ZLUKZ [V
[OL7YLZL[[PUNPU^OPJO[OLZLUKZHYLWYL-H[*OHUULS
K`UHTPJZ WYVJLZZPUN HUK ,8 HUK WYLMHKLY 7SLHZL
YL]PL^:LJ[PVUMVYKL[HPSZ
Enables Aux Bus Mixing and Metering in the Fat
Channel.
>OLU[OPZI\[[VUPZLUHISLK[OLLUJVKLYZPU[OL-H[
*OHUULSILJVTL[OLH\_ZLUKSL]LSJVU[YVSZMVYLHJOVM
[OLPY YLZWLJ[P]L PUW\[ JOHUULSZ ;OL TL[LYZ ^PSS KPZWSH`
[OLZLUKSL]LSVMLHJOVM[OLPUW\[JOHUULSZ
Mix/Pan Button
Enables Pan Control and Metering in the Fat Channel
(Stereo Send Mode Only).
Output Level Control
Adjusts the Master Level of the Effects Send.
6U (\_ :LUKZ HUK [OL 4P_ I\[[VU ILJVTLZ
[OL 7HU JVU[YVS ^OLU [^V ZLUKZ HYL SPURLK >OLU [OPZ
I\[[VU PZ LUHISLK [OL LUJVKLYZ PU [OL -H[ *OHUULS
ILJVTL [OL WHU JVU[YVSZ MVY LHJO VM [OLPY YLZWLJ[P]L
PUW\[ JOHUULSZ ;OL TL[LYZ ^PSS KPZWSH` [OL WHU ZL[[PUN
VM LHJO VM [OL PUW\[ JOHUULSZ -VY TVYL PUMVYTH[PVU VM
Z[LYLVSPURPUNWSLHZLYL]PL^:LJ[PVU
;OPZRUVIHKQ\Z[Z[OLTHZ[LYSL]LSVM[OLPU[LYUHSLMMLJ[Z
ZLUK
Internal Effects Send
Select Button
Enables Fat Channel Viewing.
(Z KLZJYPILK PU ZLJ[PVU [OL :LSLJ[ I\[[VU YV\[LZ
P[ZH\_ZLUK[OYV\NO[OL-H[*OHUULSHSSV^PUN`V\[VHKK
K`UHTPJZWYVJLZZPUNHUK,8HZ^LSSHZYV\[PUN[OLH\_
ZLUK[VV\[W\[Z
Mix Button
Enables Aux Bus Mixing and Metering in the Fat
Channel.
>OLU[OPZI\[[VUPZLUHISLK[OLLUJVKLYZPU[OL-H[
*OHUULSILJVTL[OLH\_ZLUKSL]LSJVU[YVSZMVYLHJOVM
[OLPY YLZWLJ[P]L PUW\[ JOHUULSZ ;OL TL[LYZ ^PSS KPZWSH`
[OLZLUKSL]LSVMLHJOVM[OLPUW\[JOHUULSZ
Multiple
Mixers
Mix Button
Controls & Connections
Mute Button
Tutorials
Enables Fat Channel Viewing.
Technical Information
Aux Send Select Button
Overview
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
2.7
Subgroups
2.7
Subgroups
(ZL_WSHPULKPU:LJ[PVUZ\INYV\WTP_PUNPZ]LY`\ZLM\SMVYNYV\WPUNJOHUULSZMVYTHZ[LYSL]LS
JVU[YVSVMHZ\ITP_LNKY\TZHUKMVYWYV]PKPUNHMHKLYSL]LSMVYLMMLJ[Z
Subgroup Channel Select Button
Overview
Subgroup Meters
Displays the Level of the Subgroups.
0U [OL \WWLYYPNO[ JVYULY VM [OL :[\KPV3P]L HYL [OL
:\INYV\W TL[LYZ ^OPJO KPZWSH` [OL SL]LSZ VM [OL
Z\INYV\WV\[W\[Z
Enables Fat Channel Viewing.
Multiple
Mixers
(ZWYL]PV\ZS`KLZJYPILKPUZLJ[PVU[OL:LSLJ[I\[[VU
YV\[LZP[ZJOHUULS[OYV\NO[OL-H[*OHUULSHSSV^PUN`V\
[VHKKK`UHTPJZWYVJLZZPUN,8WHUUPUNL[J
Controls & Connections
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
Recording
Turns Soloing On or Off.
Tutorials
Solo Button
Technical Information
;OPZI\[[VU^PSSZVSVP[ZJOHUULSLP[OLY[V[OLTHPUV\[W\[Z
VY[OLTVUP[VYV\[W\[ZKLWLUKPUNVU^OL[OLY7-3VY:07
PZZLSLJ[LKPU[OL:VSVI\ZZLJ[PVU7SLHZLYL]PL^:LJ[PVU
MVYTVYLKL[HPSZ
>OLU H :VSV I\[[VU PZ LUHISL [OH[ JOHUULS VY I\Z ^PSS
H\[VTH[PJHSS` IL ZLSLJ[LK HUK P[Z :LSLJ[ I\[[VU ^PSS
PSS\TPUH[L
Mute Button
Turns Muting On or Off.
;OPZI\[[VUT\[LZP[ZJOHUULS0[^PSSPSS\TPUH[LYLK^OLU
[OLJOHUULSPZT\[LK
Channel Fader
Controls the Level of the Subgroup Bus.
;OLMHKLYJVU[YVSZ[OLV]LYHSS]VS\TLVM[OLZPNUHSVUP[Z
Z\INYV\WV\[W\[
;OL^OP[LHYLHHIV]L[OLMHKLYJHUIL\ZLKHZHZJYPIISL
Z[YPW<ZLVUS`VPSWLUJPSZ6[OLY[`WLZVMWLUZVYWLUJPSZ
JHUUV[IL^PWLKVMM
;V JSLHU [OL ZJYPIISL Z[YPW \ZL H SPNO[S` KHTW JSV[O [V
YLTV]L[OL^YP[PUN
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
2.8
Main Output Bus
2.9
Master Section
Main Select Button
Overview
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
Controls & Connections
Enables Fat Channel Viewing.
Controls the Level of the Main Output.
Multiple
Mixers
Main Fader
Recording
(ZWYL]PV\ZS`KLZJYPILKPUZLJ[PVU[OL:LSLJ[I\[[VU
YV\[LZP[ZJOHUULS[OYV\NO[OL-H[*OHUULSHSSV^PUN`V\
[VHKKK`UHTPJZWYVJLZZPUN,8WHUUPUNL[J
;OL MHKLY JVU[YVSZ [OL V]LYHSS SL]LS VM [OL THPU Z[LYLV
V\[W\[
Tutorials
;OL^OP[LHYLHHIV]L[OLMHKLYJHUIL\ZLKHZHZJYPIISL
Z[YPW<ZLVUS`VPSWLUJPSZ6[OLY[`WLZVMWLUZVYWLUJPSZ
JHUUV[IL^PWLKVMM Technical Information
;V JSLHU [OL ZJYPIISL Z[YPW \ZL H SPNO[S` KHTW JSV[O [V
YLTV]L[OL^YP[PUN
Main Bus Meters
Displays the Level of the Main Output.
0U[OL\WWLYYPNO[JVYULYVM[OL:[\KPV3P]LHYL[OL4HPU
TL[LYZ^OPJOKPZWSH`[OLV\[W\[SL]LSZVM[OLTHPUZ[LYLV
I\Z
;OL4HZ[LYZLJ[PVUVM[OL:[\KPV3P]LJVU[YVSZ[OLTVUP[VYPUN[HSRIHJRV\[W\[ZVSVI\ZHUKH\_
HUK[HWLPUW\[Z
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
4HZ[LY:LJ[PVU
2.9.1
Aux Inputs A and B
2.9.2
Talkback System
;OL:[\KPV3P]LMLH[\YLZHUPU[LYUHSLMMLJ[ZWYVJLZZVY[OH[HSSV^Z`V\[VSVHK[^VKPMMLYLU[LMMLJ[Z
H[[OLZHTL[PTLI\[P[HSZVHSSV^Z`V\[VWH[JOYL[\YUWYVJLZZLKZPNUHSZMYVTHUL_[LYUHSLMMLJ[Z
WYVJLZZVY\ZPUN[OL(\_I\Z:LJ[PVUNVLZPU[V[OLJVUULJ[PVUZHUKWYVJLK\YLZPUNYLH[LY
KL[HPS
;OL:[\KPV3P]LMLH[\YLZH;HSRIHJRTPJYVWOVULPUW\[VU[OLIHJRWHULS;OPZJHUILYV\[LK[VLHJO
VM[OLH\_V\[W\[ZHZ^LSSHZ[V[OLTHPUZ0[PZPTWVY[HU[[VUV[L[OH[[OLH\_V\[W\[ZHYLPUZ[LYLV
WHPYZPU[OPZZLJ[PVU-VYL_HTWSLPM`V\HYL\ZPUN(\_HUKHZTVUVTVUP[VYZLUKZ[V[OLIHZZ
WSH`LY»ZÅVVY^LKNLHUK[V[OLRL`IVHYKWSH`LY»ZPULHYTVUP[VYZ[OL[HSRIHJRZPNUHS^PSSILZLU[
[VIV[OTVUP[VYZ·ZVKVU»[ZH`HU`[OPUN`V\^V\SKU»[^HU[IV[O[VOLHY
Enables Fat Channel Viewing.
Talkback Mic Level
(ZWYL]PV\ZS`KLZJYPILKPUZLJ[PVU[OL:LSLJ[I\[[VU
YV\[LZP[ZJOHUULS[OYV\NO[OL-H[*OHUULSHSSV^PUN`V\
[VHKKK`UHTPJZWYVJLZZPUN,8HUKWHUUPUNHZ^LSSHZ
LUHISLV\[W\[HZZPNUTLU[Z
Tutorials
Aux Input Level Control
;OPZRUVIHKQ\Z[Z[OLNHPUVM[OLL_[LYUHS[HSRIHJRTPJ
Controls the Signal Level of the Aux Input.
;OPZ RUVI JVU[YVSZ [OL V]LYHSS ]VS\TL VM [OL VM [OL (\_
0UW\[ZPNUHS
Output Selector Buttons
Assigns the Talkback Mic to the Aux and/or Main
Outs.
;OLZL I\[[VUZ HZZPNU [OL [HSRIHJR TPJ [V H ZWLJPÄLK
V\[W\[ ;OLZL I\[[VUZ HYL [VNNSLK VUVMM HUK ^PSS
PSS\TPUH[L PUKPJH[PUN [OH[ [OL ;HSRIHJR V\[W\[ PZ HJ[P]L
;OL[HSRIHJRTPJJHUILHZZPNULK[VL]LY`V\[W\[H[[OL
ZHTL[PTL
Talkback Button
Turns the Talkback Mic On and Off.
;OPZSH[JOPUNI\[[VU[\YUZ[OL[HSRIHJRTPJVUHUKVMM0[
^PSSPSS\TPUH[L[VPUKPJH[L[OH[[OL[HSRIHJRTPJPZHJ[P]L
Multiple
Mixers
Sets the Input Gain of the Talkback Mic.
Technical Information
Aux Input Select Button
Overview
Controls & Connections
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
4HZ[LY:LJ[PVU
Recording
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
4HZ[LY:LJ[PVU
2.9.3
2 Track In
2.9.4
Solo Bus
2 Track In Volume Control
Adjusts the Level for the Tape Input.
;OL :[\KPV3P]L MLH[\YLZ H ZVSV I\Z MVY ÅL_PISL TVUP[VYPUN 0U [OPZ ^H` `V\ JHU ÄUL[\UL H ]VJHS
JVTWYLZZVYPU`V\YJVU[YVSYVVTTVUP[VYZVYOLHKWOVULZ^OPSL[OLYLZ[VM[OLIHUKPZ^HYTPUN\W
VYH\KP[PVUHUH\_TP_MVYTVYLHJJ\YH[LHKQ\Z[TLU[Z-VYTVYLPUMVYTH[PVUVU\ZPUN[OL:VSVI\Z
WSLHZLYL]PL^:LJ[PVU Cue Mix Volume Control
Adjusts the Overall Volume of the Solo Bus.
Sends the Tape Input to the Mains.
;OPZI\[[VUWH[JOLZ[OL;HWLPUW\[[V[OLTHPUV\[W\[Z
0[ ^PSS PSS\TPUH[L [V PUKPJH[L [OH[ [OL ;HWL PUW\[ PZ ILPUN
ZLU[ [V [OL THPUZ ;V KPZHISL [OL YV\[PUN ZPTWS` WYLZZ
[OLI\[[VUHNHPU
FireWire Source On/Off Button
Tutorials
Tape Input On/Off Button
;OPZRUVIHKQ\Z[Z[OLV]LYHSSSL]LSMVY[OL:VSVI\Z
Multiple
Mixers
;OPZRUVIHKQ\Z[Z[OLSL]LSMVYIV[O[OL[HWLPUW\[HUK[OL
THPU-PYL>PYLYL[\YU
PFL/AFL Toggle Button
Enables PFL Solo Mode.
;OLKLMH\S[ZL[[PUNMVY[OL:VSVI\ZPZ(M[LY-HKLY3PZ[LU
(-3"I`WYLZZPUN7-37YL-HKLY3PZ[LUPUNPZLUHISLK0U
LP[OLYTVKLWYLZZPUN:VSVVUHU`JOHUULSVYI\ZYV\[LZ
[OH[ JOHUULS [V [OL :VSV I\Z HUK OHZ UV LMMLJ[ VU [OL
THPUVYZ\INYV\WTP_LZ7-3ZVSVPUNPZUV[H]HPSHISLMVY
[OL:\INYV\WZ;OL(\_I\ZZVSVPUNPZHS^H`Z7-3^P[O
VY^P[OV\[[OPZTVKLLUHNLK
Sends the Master Out from the Audio Application to
the Mains.
;OPZ I\[[VU YV\[LZ [OL THPU SLM[YPNO[ -PYL>PYL YL[\YUZ
6\[Z [V [OL THPU V\[W\[Z 0[ ^PSS PSS\TPUH[L [V
PUKPJH[L[OH[[OLTHPU-PYL>PYLYL[\YUPZILPUNZLU[[V[OL
THPU V\[W\[Z VM [OL :[\KPV3P]L ;V KPZHISL [OL YV\[PUN
ZPTWS`WYLZZ[OLI\[[VUHNHPU
SIP (Solo In Place) On/Off Button
Enables Solo In Place Mode
:07:VSV0U7SHJLVY¸KLZ[Y\J[P]LZVSVPUN¹T\[LZL]LY`
\UZVSVLKJOHUULSVU[OL:[\KPV3P]L0MVULVM[OLT\[LK
JOHUULSZ PZ YV\[LK [V [OL THPUZ VY H Z\INYV\W P[ ^PSS
IL T\[LK PU [OVZL V\[W\[Z ;OPZ HSZV HWWSPLZ [V ZVSVLK
JOHUULSZ!;OLV\[W\[YV\[PUNPZZ[PSSHJ[P]L5V[L[OH[^OPSL
`V\ JHU THU\HSS` \UT\[L H JOHUULS [OPZ TVKL ZOV\SK
IL\ZLK^P[OL_[YLTLJH\[PVUK\YPUNHSP]LWLYMVYTHUJL
6US` [OL PUW\[ JOHUULSZ JHU IL WSHJLK PU[V KLZ[Y\J[P]L
ZVSVPUN;OL:\INYV\WZHUK(\_I\ZLZHYLVTP[[LKMYVT
:07TVKL
;VLUHISL:07WYLZZHUKOVSK[OLI\[[VU\U[PSP[PSS\TPUH[LZ
YLK;OPZLUZ\YLZ[OH[`V\ JHUUV[ LU[LY PU[V KLZ[Y\J[P]L
:VSVTVKLI`HJJPKLU[
0[ PZ PTWVY[HU[ [V UV[L [OH[ ^OLU :07 PZ LUNHNLK
JOHUULS T\[LZ ^PSS VUS` HWWS` [V [OL :\INYV\W 4HPU
HZZPNUTLU[Z <USPRL PUKLWLUKLU[ T\[PUN :07 KVLZ UV[
T\[LPUW\[JOHUULSZPU(\_:LUKTP_LZ
Technical Information
;OL:[\KPV3P]LHSSV^Z`V\[VWH[JOPUHUHUHSVNPUW\[VYHWSH`IHJRZ[YLHTMYVT`V\YYLJVYKPUN
HWWSPJH[PVU;OPZLUHISLZ`V\[VJVTWHYLH\KPVZV\YJLZK\YPUNTP_KV^UVYWH[JOPUPU[LYTPZZPVU
T\ZPJIL[^LLUIHUKZ^P[OV\[\ZPUNHU`VM`V\YPUW\[JOHUULSZ;OPZPZHZ\TTPUNI\ZZVIV[O
[OLL_[LYUHS[HWLPUW\[HUK[OL[^V[YHJR-PYL>PYLYL[\YUJHUILLUNHNLKH[[OLZHTL[PTL
Overview
Controls & Connections
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
4HZ[LY:LJ[PVU
Recording
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
4HZ[LY:LJ[PVU
2.9.5
Monitor Bus
2.9.5
Monitor Bus
;OL:[\KPV3P]LMLH[\YLZHOLHKWOVULV\[W\[HZ^LSSHZJVU[YVSYVVTV\[W\[ZNP]PUN`V\[OLHIPSP[`
[V TVUP[VY T\S[PWSL ZV\YJLZ VU [OL :[\KPV3P]L ;OL 4VUP[VY I\Z VU [OL :[\KPV3P]L HSSV^Z `V\ [V
TVUP[VY[OLTHPUV\[W\[Z:VSVI\ZTHPU-PYL>PYLYL[\YUMYVT`V\YJVTW\[LYHUK[OLZ[LYLVHUHSVN
[HWLPUW\[)LJH\ZL[OL4VUP[VY)\ZPZHZ\TTPUNHTW`V\JHUL]LUTVUP[VY[OL>VYSK:LYPLZVU
`V\YOLHKWOVULZ^OPSLZ[PSSY\UUPUNZV\UKH[HZOV^
FireWire Monitor Button
Assigns the Main Left/Right FireWire Return to the
Monitor Bus.
;OL -PYL>PYL 4VUP[VY I\[[VU WH[JOLZ [OL THPU SLM[
YPNO[ -PYL>PYL YL[\YU [OH[ PZ [OL ZPNUHS MYVT `V\Y H\KPV
ZVM[^HYL»ZTHZ[LYV\[W\[Z[V[OLTVUP[VYI\Z
Adjusts the Overall Level of the Headphone Output.
Main Mix Monitor Button
Assigns the Main Mix to the Monitor Bus.
;OPZ RUVI HKQ\Z[Z [OL V]LYHSS SL]LS MVY [OL OLHKWOVUL
V\[W\[
Tutorials
;OL 4HPU 4P_ 4VUP[VY I\[[VU WH[JOLZ [OL ZHTL ZPNUHS
[OH[PZILPUNZLU[V\[VM[OLTHPUV\[Z[V[OL4VUP[VYI\Z
;OPZZPNUHSPZHS^H`ZWYLMHKLY
Multiple
Mixers
Headphone Output Level Control
Overview
Controls & Connections
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
4HZ[LY:LJ[PVU
Recording
Adjusts the Overall Level of the Control Room Monitor
Outputs.
Technical Information
Control-Room Monitor Level Control
;OPZ RUVI HKQ\Z[Z [OL V]LYHSS SL]LS VM [OL JVU[YVSYVVT
TVUP[VYV\[W\[Z
Solo Bus Monitor Button
Assigns the Solo Bus to the Monitor Outputs.
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Z\INYV\W VY H\_ ZLUK [V [OL 4VUP[VY I\Z ;OPZ JHU IL
\ZLM\SPZHU`U\TILYVM^H`Z"MVYL_HTWSL!
•
•
•
Tape-Input Monitor Button
(\KP[PVUPUNHUH\_ZLUKTVUP[VYTP_
+PHSPUNPU[OLK`UHTPJZWYVJLZZPUNHUK,8VU
HZ\INYV\W
*YLH[PUN H IL[[LY ISLUK MVY PUZ[Y\TLU[HS
ZLJ[PVUZOVYUZZ[YPUNZL[J
Assigns the Tape-Input Signal to the Monitor Bus
;OL;HWLTVUP[VYI\[[VUYV\[LZ[OLZPNUHSMYVT[OL[HWL
PUW\[Z[HWLYL[\YUZ[V[OLTVUP[VYI\Z;OLSL]LSMVY[OPZ
PUW\[PZJVU[YVSSLKI`[OLRUVIPU[OL;YHJR0UZLJ[PVU
Overview
The FX Menu
;OL :[\KPV3P]L MLH[\YLZ [^V PU[LYUHS LMMLJ[Z
WYVJLZZVYZ ,HJO WYVJLZZVY JHU HJJLZZ [OL
:[\KPV3P]L»Z ZLSLJ[PVU VM OPNOX\HSP[` YL]LYIZ
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VM[OLZLLMMLJ[ZJHUILYV\[LK[VHU`VM[OLZ\INYV\WZ[OLH\_I\ZVY[OLTHPUV\[W\[Z;VHJJLZZ
[OLLMMLJ[ZSPIYHY`HUKHKQ\Z[LHJOWHYHTL[LYWYLZZ[OL-?I\[[VUPU[OL4HZ[LY*VU[YVSZLJ[PVU
;OLÄYZ[WHNLVM[OL-?TLU\PZ[OL8\PJR=PL^
ZJYLLU0[KPZWSH`ZIV[OVM[OLLMMLJ[ZHZZPNULK
[V[OLPU[LYUHSLMMLJ[ZI\ZLZHZ^LSSHZ[OLTHPU
WHYHTL[LYMVYLHJOHUK[V^OPJO(\_I\ZLZ[OL
LMMLJ[ PZ ILPUN YV\[LK ,MMLJ[ ( PZ HZZPNULK [V
,-? ( I\Z HUK ,MMLJ[ ) PZ HZZPNULK [V ,-? )
I\Z<ZL[OL5L_[HUK7YL]I\[[VUZ[VUH]PNH[L
[OYV\NO[OLZJYLLU;VJOHUNLHWHYHTL[LY\ZL
[OL =HS\L LUJVKLY KPYLJ[S` ILULH[O [OL 3*+
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^OLUP[PZZLSLJ[LKMVYTVKPÄJH[PVU;OL5L_[I\[[VU^PSSZJYVSS[OYV\NO[OPZZJYLLUPU[OLMVSSV^PUN
VYKLY! -? ( SPIYHY` ZLSLJ[PVU -? ( THPU WHYHTL[LY -? ) SPIYHY` ZLSLJ[PVU -? ) THPU WHYHTL[LY
>OLUJOVVZPUN`V\YLMMLJ[ZWYLZL[\ZL[OL=HS\LLUJVKLY[VZJYVSS[OYV\NO[OLSPIYHY`>OLU`V\
OH]LHYYP]LKH[`V\YZLSLJ[PVUWYLZZ[OL9LJHSSI\[[VU[VSVHKP[
-YVT[OL+PNP[HS,MMLJ[Zc4HZ[LY*VU[YVSZLJ[PVU`V\JHUZLSLJ[HUKJOHUNL[OLWHYHTL[LYZVM[OL
[^VPU[LYUHSLMMLJ[ZWYVJLZZVYZHZ^LSSHZZ[VYLHUKYLJHSSL]LY`ZL[[PUNVU`V\Y:[\KPV3P]LH[[OL
[V\JOVMHI\[[VU)LJH\ZLHSTVZ[HSSVM[OL:[\KPV3P]L»ZMLH[\YLZHYLJVU[YVSSLKMYVT[OLTP_PUN
Z\YMHJL YH[OLY [OHU \ZPUN TLU\Z HUK Z\ITLU\Z `V\ ^PSS THPUS` \ZL [OPZ ZLJ[PVU [V HKQ\Z[ [OL
PU[LYUHSLMMLJ[ZWYVJLZZVYZHUK[VZH]LHUKYLJHSSWYLZL[ZHUKZJLULZ
7YLZZ [OL 7HNL +V^U I\[[VU [V TV]L [V [OL
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-?TLU\KPZWSH`[OLYLZ[VM[OLWHYHTL[LYZMVY
-?(HUK-?)YLZWLJ[P]LS`;OLZLWHYHTL[LYZ
^PSS JOHUNL KLWLUKPUN VU ^OH[ [`WL VM LMMLJ[
`V\OH]LJOVZLU(NHPU\ZL[OL5L_[HUK7YL]
I\[[VUZ [V UH]PNH[L [OYV\NO [OL ZJYLLU HUK
\ZL [OL =HS\L LUJVKLY [V JOHUNL [OL ZLSLJ[LK
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MYVTMVYL_HTWSLH3HYNL/HSSYL]LYI[VH9VVT
(TIPHUJLYL]LYIWYLZZ[OL9LJHSSI\[[VU[VSVHK[OLLMMLJ[HUK[OLUJOHUNL[OL]HYPV\ZWHYHTL[LYZ
[V[HZ[L7YLZZ[OL7HNL<WI\[[VUHNHPU[VTV]L[V[OLM\SSWHYHTL[LY]PL^VM-?)
>OLU H KLSH` HSNVYP[OT PZ JOVZLU `V\ ^PSS
UV[PJL [^V WHYHTL[LYZ! ;PTL TZ HUK ;PTL ?
;PTL PZ [OL KLSH` [PTL KPZJ\ZZLK PU :LJ[PVU
^OPJO PZ [OL [PTL IL[^LLU [OL ZV\YJL
ZV\UKHUK[OLLJOV;OPZJHULP[OLYILHKQ\Z[LK
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[OL;HWI\[[VU[VLU[LYHKLSH`[PTLPU[LTWV^P[O[OLT\ZPJILPUNWSH`LK;PTL?PZ[OL]HS\LVM
[OLILH[`V\HYL\ZPUNHZHYLMLYLUJLMVY[OL[LTWV;OLIHZPJ\UP[VMTLHZ\YLPZHX\HY[LYUV[LZV
MVYL_HTWSLPM[OLILH[Z`V\HYL[HWWPUNYLWYLZLU[X\HY[LYUV[LZPU[OLT\ZPJ`V\^V\SKZL[;PTL
?[V0M[OL`HYLLPNO[OUV[LZ`V\^V\SKZL[;PTL?[V"OHSMUV[LZ^V\SKILHUKZV
VU0U[OPZ^H``V\JHUWYLJPZLS`Z`UJOYVUPaLVYZ`UJVWH[L[OLKLSH`LJOVLZ[V[OLT\ZPJPUYLHS
Controls & Connections
2.10.1
Recording
Digital Effects Master Control
Multiple
Mixers
2.10
Tutorials
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
+PNP[HS,MMLJ[Zc4HZ[LY*VU[YVS
Technical Information
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
+PNP[HS,MMLJ[Zc4HZ[LY*VU[YVS
*VU[YVSZ*VUULJ[PVUZ
+PNP[HS,MMLJ[Zc4HZ[LY*VU[YVS
2.10.1
The FX Menu
2.10.2
Creating & Recalling a Scene
)LJH\ZLVUS`VULTP_JHUILJYLH[LKMVYLHJOLMMLJ[`V\TH`^PZO[VJVUZPKLYKLKPJH[PUNVULVM
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MVY[OLPU[LYUHS,-?(HUK)I\ZLZ[VJVU[YVS[OLHTV\U[VM[OLLMMLJ[ZILPUNZLU[[V[OLTVUP[VYZ
7HNLZHUKHSSV^`V\[VZ[VYL`V\YJOHUNLZ
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YLZWLJ[P]LS` <ZL [OL =HS\L ,UJVKLY [V JOHUNL
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WYLZZ [OL ;HW I\[[VU [V X\PJRS` PUZLY[ H ZWHJL 6UJL `V\ HYL ZH[PZÄLK ^P[O `V\Y JOHUNLZ WYLZZ
[OL:[VYLI\[[VU^OPJO^PSSPSS\TPUH[L^OPSL[OLLMMLJ[ZWYLZL[PZILPUN^YP[[LU[V[OL:[\KPV3P]L»Z
PU[LYUHSTLTVY`6UJL[OLWYLZL[PZZH]LK[OL:[VYLI\[[VU^PSSYL[\YU[VP[Z\USP[Z[H[\Z
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The System Menu
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TVUV[YHJRZPU`V\YYLJVYKPUNHWWSPJH[PVU;OL[YHJR^OVZLPUW\[PZHZZPNULK[V:\INYV\W^PSS
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‹ :\INYV\W
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HS^H`ZNVLZ[V:[\KPV3P]L*OHUULSPUW\[HUKZVVU6UJL`V\YV\[LH[YHJRPU`V\YYLJVYKPUN
HWWSPJH[PVU[VWSH`IHJR[OYV\NOVULVM[OLZLV\[W\[ZP[^PSSHS^H`ZILHJJLZZPISLVUP[ZJOHUULSI`
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`V\Y :[\KPV3P]L SLH]PUN [OL V[OLY V\[W\[Z H]HPSHISL [V IL YV\[LK [V [OL -H[ *OHUULS VY MVY
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‹ ;YHJR3LM[9PNO[
‹ ;HSRIHJR3LM[9PNO[
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Overview
FireWire Sends and Returns
Controls & Connections
3.3.1
Recording
9LJVYKPUN
<ZPUN@V\Y:[\KPV3P]LHZHU(\KPV0U[LYMHJL
Multiple
Mixers
Tutorials
9LJVYKPUN
<ZPUN@V\Y:[\KPV3P]LHZHU(\KPV0U[LYMHJL
Technical Information
9LJVYKPUN
<ZPUN@V\Y:[\KPV3P]LHZHU(\KPV0U[LYMHJL
3.3.2
Using Plug-Ins Effects as Inserts
3.3.3
Universal Control
A Quick Note on Printing Fat Channel Dynamics and EQ:
Multiple
Mixers
Sample Rate Selector
Changes StudioLive Sample Rate.
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3H\UJOLY>PUKV^^OLU`V\Y:[\KPV3P]LPZJVUULJ[LK[V
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LUZ\YPUN[OH[VUS`[OH[JOHUULSPZYV\[LK[V[OLZ\INYV\W@V\JHU[OLUWYVJLZZ[OLWSH`IHJRZ[YLHT
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V\[W\[Z HZ ^LSS HZ [OL H\_ HUK Z\INYV\W V\[W\[Z
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Tutorials
;OL:[\KPV3P]LPZJVTWH[PISL^P[O[OL<UP]LYZHS*VU[YVSHWWSPJH[PVU(Z^P[OHSS-PYL:[\KPV
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^PUKV^-VY[OL:[\KPV3P]L[OL+L]PJL^PUKV^PZ[OL(\_PSPHY`0UW\[Z9V\[LY(ZKPZJ\ZZLKPU[OL
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ZV [OH[ `V\ JHU SVJR V\[ \UH\[OVYPaLK \ZLYZ :LL :LJ[PVU MVY KL[HPSZ -YVT [OL 3H\UJOLY
^PUKV^`V\JHUZL[IHZPJWHYHTL[LYZZ\JOHZI\MMLYZPaLHUKZHTWSLYH[L0UHKKP[PVU`V\JHU
\ZL[OL3H\UJOLY^PUKV^[VJVUÄN\YL`V\Y>+4V\[W\[Z7*VUS`ZLL:LJ[PVUIt should be
noted that the Meter Style and Meter Decay options in the Launcher Window are not active when
only a StudioLive is connected to a computer.
Technical Information
6UJL `V\ OH]L [OL YV\[PUN ZL[ \W PU 3VNPJ
YLJVYKHYT [OL [YHJR HUK PUZLY[ [OL KLZPYLK
WS\NPU7YLZZ[OL-PYL>PYL9L[\YU0UW\[I\[[VU
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HUHSVN ZPNUHS ^P[O `V\Y PUZLY[LK LMMLJ[ HZ `V\
YLJVYK
Recording
;OL -PYL>PYL Z[YLHTPUN VU `V\Y :[\KPV3P]L PZ JVU[PU\V\ZS` IPKPYLJ[PVUHS ;OPZ TLHUZ [OH[ [OL
:[\KPV3P]L PZ HS^H`Z ZLUKPUN ZPNUHSZ MYVT [OL KPYLJ[ -PYL>PYL ZLUKZ VU LHJO PUW\[ JOHUULS
HZ^LSSHZMYVT[OLH\_PSPHY`PUW\[ZHUKI\ZLZHZZPNULK[V[OLZLJVUKIHURVM-PYL>PYLZLUKZ
([[OLZHTL[PTLP[PZYLJLP]PUNZPNUHSZIHJRMYVT[OL-PYL>PYLYL[\YUZ)LJH\ZL[OL-PYL>PYL
YL[\YUZHS^H`ZJVTLIHJR[V[OLPYYLZWLJ[P]LJOHUULSZVU[OL:[\KPV3P]L`V\JHUX\PJRS`PUZLY[H
WS\NPUMYVT`V\YYLJVYKPUNHWWSPJH[PVUPU[VHU`JOHUULSZ[YPWHUKTVUP[VYP[PUYLHS[PTL
0U [OPZ L_HTWSL ^L ^PSS PUZLY[ H 4VUV +LSH`
WS\NPUMYVT(WWSL»Z3VNPJHWWSPJH[PVUVU[V
*OHUULS VM [OL :[\KPV3P]L ;V ILNPU JYLH[L
HTVUVH\KPV[YHJR(ZZPNUP[ZPUW\[[V*OHUULS
HUKP[ZV\[W\[[V6\[W\[5V[L!ILJH\ZL
3VNPJKVLZUV[VMMLYTVUVV\[W\[I\ZLZPU[OPZJHZL^LHYLYV\[PUN[OPZZ[YLHT[VJOHUULSZ
HUKWHUUPUN[OLJOHUULSHSS[OL^H`[V[OLYPNO[ZV[OH[P[^PSSVUS`ILZLU[[VV\[W\[:L]LYHS
V[OLYHWWSPJH[PVUZ\ZL[OPZ[`WLVMI\ZYV\[PUNHZ^LSS7SLHZLJVUZ\S[`V\YZVM[^HYL»Z\ZLYTHU\HS
MVYZWLJPÄJPUZ[Y\J[PVUZ
Overview
9LJVYKPUN
<ZPUN@V\Y:[\KPV3P]LHZHU(\KPV0U[LYMHJL
Controls & Connections
9LJVYKPUN
<ZPUN`V\Y:[\KPV3P]LHZHU(\KPV0U[LYMHJL
3.3.3
Universal Control
3.3.3
Universal Control
Opens and Closes Launch and Device Windows
Changes the StudioLive Buffer Size.
-YVT[OL-PSLTLU\VM[OL3H\UJO>PUKV^`V\JHUVWLU
HUK JSVZL IV[O ^PUKV^Z HZ ^LSS HZ X\P[ [OL <UP]LYZHS
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;OL I\MMLY ZPaL VY SH[LUJ` KL[LYTPULZ [OL YV\UK[YPW
[PTLP[[HRLZH\KPVKH[H[VILJVU]LY[LKMYVTHUHSVN[V
KPNP[HSHUKIHJR[VHUHSVN(ZHNLULYHSY\SL[OLOPNOLY
[OL I\MMLY ZPaL [OL IL[[LY [OL Z`Z[LT WLYMVYTHUJL
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ILJVTL0UNLULYHSZHTWSLZ[VTPSSPZLJVUKZ
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@V\ZOV\SKZL[`V\YI\MMLYZPaLHUKZHTWSLYH[LWYPVY[V
SH\UJOPUN`V\YOVZ[HWWSPJH[PVU
Operation Mode
HSSVM[OLJVUULJ[LK-PYL:[\KPVMHTPS`PU[LYMHJLZ
HSSVM[OLJVUULJ[LK-PYL:[\KPVMHTPS`PU[LYMHJLZ
• Quit.8\P[Z[OL<UP]LYZHS*VU[YVSHWWSPJH[PVU
Settings: Check Firmware
Scans Your StudioLive and Updates the Firmware
( ÄYT^HYL \WKH[LY PZ I\PS[ PU[V [OL <UP]LYZHS *VU[YVS
HWWSPJH[PVU7LYPVKPJHSS`HKYP]LY\WKH[L^PSSYLX\PYL[OH[
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`V\ PUZ[HSS HU \WKH[L MVY [OL <UP]LYZHS *VU[YVS VY HKK
H UL^ -PYL:[\KPVMHTPS` WYVK\J[ [V `V\Y Z`Z[LT `V\
ZOV\SK\ZL[OPZMLH[\YL[VLUZ\YL[OH[[OLÄYT^HYLPZ\W
[VKH[L0M[OLÄYT^HYLULLKZ[VIL\WKH[LK[OL\WKH[L
HWWSPJH[PVU^PSSSH\UJOH\[VTH[PJHSS`
Changes How the StudioLive Driver’s Buffer Size is
Set
‹ Normal Mode.0UW\[HUK6\[W\[I\MMLYZHYLIV[O
PKLU[PJHS[V[OL)\MMLY:PaLZL[[PUN
‹ Safe Mode0UJYLHZLZ[OLV\[W\[I\MMLYZPaL
MVYHKKLKZ[HIPSP[`
Clocksource
Changes the Clocksource for Chained FireStudio
family devices
Settings: Run at Startup
Launches
the
Universal
Control
Application
Automatically on Startup (Windows Only)
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OV^L]LYPM`V\HYLJHZJHKPUNHKKP[PVUHS-PYL:[\KPVMHTPS`
WYVK\J[Z [OH[ KV MLH[\YL KPNP[HS PUW\[Z [OPZ ILJVTLZ
ZLSLJ[HISL
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^PSS H\[VTH[PJHSS` SH\UJO LHJO [PTL `V\ IVV[ `V\Y
>PUKV^Z7*
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JOHPU PZ YLJLP]PUN ^VYK JSVJR PUMVYTH[PVU ;OPZ RLLWZ
[OL KL]PJL JOHPU PU Z`UJ ^P[O V[OLY KPNP[HS KL]PJLZ HUK
^P[OLHJOV[OLY;OLTLU\VW[PVUZHYLKL[LYTPULKI`[OL
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0UNLULYHS`V\^PSS^HU[[OL:[\KPV3P]L[VIL`V\Y4HZ[LY
*SVJRZV`V\^PSSZL[[OLJSVJR[V:[\KPV3P]L0U[LYUHS
Device Window Button
Opens the Device Window
*SPJRVU[OPZI\[[VU[VVWLU[OL(\_PSPHY`0UW\[Z9V\[LY
;VNP]L`V\Y:[\KPV3P]LHJ\Z[VTUHTLKV\ISLJSPJRVU
[OL KLMH\S[ SHILS :[\KPV3P]L [V VWLU H [L_[ ÄLSK >OLU
`V\ OH]L ÄUPZOLK LU[LYPUN `V\Y J\Z[VT UHTL OP[ [OL
,U[LYRL`
Multiple
Mixers
• Close All Devices.*SVZLZ[OL+L]PJL^PUKV^MVY
Tutorials
6U4HJPU[VZO[OLI\MMLYZPaLPZZL[MYVTPUZPKL`V\YOVZ[
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• Close Window.*SVZLZQ\Z[[OL3H\UJO^PUKV^
• Show All Devices.6WLUZ[OL+L]PJL^PUKV^MVY
Technical Information
Buffer Size Selector (PC only)
Overview
Controls & Connections
9LJVYKPUN
<ZPUN`V\Y:[\KPV3P]LHZHU(\KPV0U[LYMHJL
Recording
3.3.3
Universal Control
Settings: Always on Top
Allows the Launch Window to Stay in View When
Other Applications Are in Use.
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PU [OL MVYLNYV\UK ^OLU V[OLY HWWSPJH[PVUZ HYL HJ[P]L
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HWWSPJH[PVU»Z^PUKV^
Settings: WDM Setup
Opens the WDM Channel Mapper
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HUKPUW\[ZHYLH\[VTH[PJHSS`ZL[[VZLUK[OLPYZPNUHSZWVZ[-H[*OHUULSK`UHTPJZHUK,8^OLYL
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7/@:0*(3
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3.3.3
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3.3.4
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3.3.5
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3.4
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In The Studio with StudioLive
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Controls & Connections
Overview
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4.1.1
Configuring Multiple Units
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Recording
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4.1
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4\S[PWSL4P_LYZ
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4.1.3
Internal Effects Buses
4.1.5
Scene Store and Recall
4.1.4
Subgroups: To Merge Or Not To Merge
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Universal Control & Multiple Mixers
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4.1.6
Tutorials
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Overview
Studio One Artist Quick Start
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5.1.1
Installation and Authorization
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Controls & Connections
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5.1
Recording
Local Versus Merged Buses
And Inputs
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Multiple
Mixers
4.2
Tutorials
4\S[PWSL4P_LYZ
Technical Information
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5.1.1
Installation and Authorization
5.1.1
Installation and Authorization
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Activating Studio One Artist
Online
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Technical Information
Installing Bundled Content for Studio One
Artist
Create a User Account
Recording
Controls & Connections
Overview
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5.1.2
Enabling the Audio Driver
5.1.3
Configuring Your MIDI Devices
Start Page: Setup Area
Shows Active Audio Driver and Sample Rate and
Provides Quick Links to Configure Audio and MIDI
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*SPJRVU[OL*VUÄN\YL,_[LYUHS+L]PJLZSPURPU[OL:L[\W
HYLH VU [OL :[HY[ WHNL [V SH\UJO [OL ,_[LYUHS +L]PJLZ
^PUKV^
0U[OL(\KPV+L]PJLTLU\ZLSLJ[¸7YL:VU\Z-PYL:[\KPV¹
*SPJR[OL(WWS`I\[[VUHUK[OLU62
*SPJR[OL(KKI\[[VU
Step 2
;OL(KK+L]PJL^PUKV^^PSSSH\UJO
(M[LY `V\ OH]L ]LYPÄLK [OH[ [OL 7YL:VU\Z -PYL:[\KPV <UP]LYZHS KYP]LY OHZ ILLU KL[LJ[LK WSLHZL
JVU[PU\L[V:LJ[PVU[VZL[\W`V\YL_[LYUHS40+0KL]PJLZ0M`V\KVUV[OH]LHU`40+0KL]PJLZ
[VJVUULJ[H[[OPZ[PTLWSLHZLZRPW[V:LJ[PVU
-YVT [OL TLU\ VU [OL SLM[ ZLSLJ[ ¸5L^ 2L`IVHYK¹ ([
[OPZWVPU[`V\JHUJ\Z[VTPaL[OLUHTLVM`V\YRL`IVHYK
I`LU[LYPUN[OLTHU\MHJ[\YLYHUKKL]PJLUHTLZ
:WLJPM`^OPJO40+0JOHUULSZ^PSSIL\ZLK[VJVTT\UPJH[L
^P[O [OPZ RL`IVHYK -VY TVZ[ W\YWVZLZ `V\ ZOV\SK
ZLSLJ[HSS40+0JOHUULSZ0M`V\HYL\UZ\YLVM^OPJO40+0
JOHUULSZ[VZLSLJ[^LZ\NNLZ[`V\ZLSLJ[HSS
Controls & Connections
Recording
Multiple
Mixers
Setting up an external MIDI keyboard controller from the Start page.
Tutorials
*VTWSL[LPUMVYTH[PVUVUHSSHZWLJ[ZVM:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[PZH]HPSHISLPU[OL9LMLYLUJL4HU\HS7+-
SVJH[LK VU [OL :[\KPV 6UL (Y[PZ[ 0UZ[HSSH[PVU KPZJ ;OL PUMVYTH[PVU PU [OPZ [\[VYPHS JV]LYZ VUS` [OL
TVZ[IHZPJHZWLJ[ZVM:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[HUKPZPU[LUKLK[VNL[`V\ZL[\WHUKYLJVYKPUNHZX\PJRS`
HZWVZZPISL
-YVT [OL ,_[LYUHS +L]PJLZ ^PUKV^ PU :[\KPV 6UL (Y[PZ[ `V\ JHU JVUÄN\YL `V\Y 40+0 RL`IVHYK
JVU[YVSSLYZV\UKTVK\SLZHUKJVU[YVSZ\YMHJLZ;OPZZLJ[PVU^PSS[HRL`V\[OYV\NOZL[[PUN\W`V\Y
40+0 RL`IVHYK JVU[YVSSLY HUK ZV\UK TVK\SL 7SLHZL JVUZ\S[ [OL 9LMLYLUJL 4HU\HS SVJH[LK VU
`V\Y :[\KPV 6UL (Y[PZ[ PUZ[HSSH[PVU +=+ MVY JVTWSL[L ZL[\W PUZ[Y\J[PVUZ MVY V[OLY 40+0 KL]PJLZ
)LMVYLILNPUUPUN[OPZZLJ[PVU`V\T\Z[ÄYZ[PUZ[HSS[OLKYP]LYZMVY`V\Y40+0PU[LYMHJLVY<:)40+0
*VU[YVSSLY RL`IVHYK 7SLHZL JVUZ\S[ [OL KVJ\TLU[H[PVU [OH[ JHTL ^P[O `V\Y 40+0 OHYK^HYL MVY
JVTWSL[LPUZ[HSSH[PVUPUZ[Y\J[PVUZ
Technical Information
:[\KPV6ULHUK:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[^LYLKLZPNULK^P[O7YL:VU\ZPU[LYMHJLZPUTPUK@V\Y:[\KPV3P]L
PZ HSYLHK` PU[LNYH[LK PU[V :[\KPV 6UL (Y[PZ[ ZV ZL[\W PZ X\PJR HUK LHZ` >OLU :[\KPV 6UL (Y[PZ[
PZSH\UJOLKI`KLMH\S[`V\^PSSIL[HRLU[V[OL:[HY[WHNL6U[OPZWHNL`V\^PSSÄUKKVJ\TLU[
THUHNLTLU[ HUK KL]PJLJVUÄN\YH[PVU JVU[YVSZ HZ ^LSS HZ H J\Z[VTPaHISL HY[PZ[ WYVÄSL H UL^Z
MLLKHUKSPURZ[VKLTVZHUK[\[VYPHSZMYVT7YL:VU\Z0M`V\OH]LHU0U[LYUL[JVUULJ[PVUVU`V\Y
JVTW\[LY[OLZLSPURZ^PSSIL\WKH[LKHZUL^[\[VYPHSZILJVTLH]HPSHISLVU[OL7YL:VU\Z>LIZP[L
Overview
5.1.3
;\[VYPHSZ
:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[8\PJR:[HY[
Overview
;\[VYPHSZ
:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[8\PJR:[HY[
Step 2
0U [OL 9LJLP]L -YVT KYVWKV^U TLU\ ZLSLJ[ [OL 40+0
PU[LYMHJLPUW\[MYVT^OPJO:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[^PSSYLJLP]L
40+0KH[H
0U [OL :LUK ;V KYVWKV^U TLU\ ZLSLJ[ [OL 40+0
PU[LYMHJL V\[W\[ MYVT ^OPJO :[\KPV 6UL (Y[PZ[ ^PSS ZLUK
40+0 KH[H [V `V\Y RL`IVHYK 0M `V\Y RL`IVHYK JVU[YVSSLY
KVLZUV[ULLK[VYLJLP]L40+0KH[HMYVT:[\KPV6ULZH`
MVYTV]PUNTV[VYPaLKMHKLYZHUK[OLSPRL`V\JHUSLH]L
[OPZ \UZLSLJ[LK 0M `V\Y RL`IVHYK KVLZ ULLK [V YLJLP]L
40+0KH[L`V\T\Z[JVUULJ[H40+0JHISLMYVT[OL40+0
V\[W\[ VM [OL 40+0 IYLHRV\[ JHISL [V [OL 40+0 PUW\[ VM
[OLRL`IVHYK
Step 4
:WLJPM`^OPJO40+0JOHUULSZ^PSSIL\ZLK[VJVTT\UPJH[L
^P[O [OPZ RL`IVHYK -VY TVZ[ W\YWVZLZ `V\ ZOV\SK
ZLSLJ[HSS40+0JOHUULSZ0M`V\HYL\UZ\YLVM^OPJO40+0
JOHUULSZ[VZLSLJ[^LZ\NNLZ[`V\ZLSLJ[HSS
Step 3
0M [OPZ PZ [OL VUS` RL`IVHYK [OH[ `V\ ^PSS \ZL [V JVU[YVS
[OL ]PY[\HS PUZ[Y\TLU[Z HUK `V\Y L_[LYUHS Z`U[OLZPaLYZ
PU :[\KPV 6UL (Y[PZ[ `V\ ZOV\SK JOLJR [OL IV_ UL_[ [V
+LMH\S[ 0UZ[Y\TLU[ 0UW\[ ;OPZ ^PSS H\[VTH[PJHSS` HZZPNU
`V\YRL`IVHYK[VJVU[YVSHSS40+0KL]PJLZPU:[\KPV6UL
(Y[PZ[
*SPJR62
0M`V\OH]LHZV\UKTVK\SL`V\»KSPRL[VJVUULJ[SLH]L
[OL ,_[LYUHS +L]PJLZ ^PUKV^ VWLU HUK WYVJLLK [V [OL
UL_[WHY[VM[OPZZLJ[PVU0MUV[`V\JHUJSVZL[OPZ^PUKV^
HUKZRPW[V:LJ[PVU
0U[OL:LUK;VKYVWKV^UTLU\ZLSLJ[[OL40+0PU[LYMHJL
V\[W\[MYVT^OPJO:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[^PSSZLUK40+0KH[H
[V`V\YZV\UKTVK\SL
0U [OL 9LJLP]L -YVT KYVWKV^U TLU\ ZLSLJ[ [OL 40+0
PU[LYMHJLV\[W\[MYVT^OPJO:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[^PSSYLJLP]L
40+0KH[HMYVT`V\YZV\UKTVK\SL0UTVZ[JHZLZ`V\Y
ZV\UKTVK\SL^PSSUV[ULLK[VZLUKPUMVYTH[PVU[V:[\KPV
6ULZV`V\JHUSLH]L[OPZ\UZWLJPÄLK
*SPJR62HUKJSVZL[OL,_[LYUHS+L]PJLZ^PUKV^@V\HYL
UV^ YLHK` [V Z[HY[ YLJVYKPUN PU :[\KPV 6UL (Y[PZ[ ;OL
YLZ[VM:LJ[PVU^PSSNVV]LYOV^[VZL[\WH:VUNHUK
^PSS KPZJ\ZZ ZVTL NLULYHS ^VYRÅV^ [PWZ MVY UH]PNH[PUN
[OYV\NO[OL:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[LU]PYVTLU[
Setting up an external MIDI sound module from the Start page.
40+0 PUZ[Y\TLU[ JVU[YVSSLYZ RL`IVHYKZ 40+0 N\P[HYZ L[J ZLUK T\ZPJHS PUMVYTH[PVU PU [OL MVYT VM
40+0KH[H[V[VULTVK\SLZ^OPJOYLZWVUKI`NLULYH[PUNZV\UKHZPUZ[Y\J[LK;VULTVK\SLZJHUIL
Z[HUKHSVULZV\UKKL]PJLZVYJHUILPU[LNYH[LKPU[VHJVU[YVSSLYHZ^P[OHRL`IVHYKZ`U[OLZPaLY:[\KPV
6UL (Y[PZ[ YLMLYZ [V HSS [VUL NLULYH[VYZ HZ 0UZ[Y\TLU[Z 6UJL `V\ OH]L ZL[ \W `V\Y 40+0 RL`IVHYK
JVU[YVSSLY[HRLHTVTLU[[VJVUÄN\YL`V\YZV\UKTVK\SL
Step 1
*VUULJ[[OL40+00UVM`V\YL_[LYUHSZV\UKTVK\SL[V[OL
40+06\[VM`V\Y40+0PU[LYMHJL
0U[OL,_[LYUHS+L]PJLZ^PUKV^JSPJR[OL(KKI\[[VU
Multiple
Mixers
-YVT [OL TLU\ VU [OL SLM[ ZLSLJ[ ¸5L^ 0UZ[Y\TLU[¹ ([
[OPZ WVPU[ `V\ JHU J\Z[VTPaL [OL UHTL VM `V\Y ZV\UK
TVK\SLI`LU[LYPUN[OLTHU\MHJ[\YLYHUKKL]PJLUHTLZ
Recording
;OL(KK+L]PJL^PUKV^^PSSSH\UJO
Tutorials
Step 3
Controls & Connections
5.1.3
Technical Information
;\[VYPHSZ
:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[8\PJR:[HY[
;\[VYPHSZ
:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[8\PJR:[HY[
5.1.4
Configuring Audio I/O
5.1.4
Configuring Audio I/O
Controls & Connections
Overview
5V^[OH[`V\»]LJVUÄN\YLK`V\Y40+0KL]PJLZSL[»ZJYLH[LHUL^:VUN>LºSSZ[HY[I`ZL[[PUN\W`V\Y
KLMH\S[(\KPV06
*SPJRVU[OL:VUN:L[\WI\[[VU[VVWLU[OL:VUN:L[\W
^PUKV^[OLUJSPJRVU[OLVU[OL(\KPV06:L[\WPJVU
Recording
Step 1
-YVT[OL:[HY[WHNLZLSLJ[¸*YLH[LHUL^:VUN¹
;OLYLZ[VM[OPZZLJ[PVU^PSSN\PKL`V\[OYV\NOJYLH[PUNH
:VUNMYVTHULTW[`ZLZZPVU
0M `V\ ^V\SK SPRL [OL ZHTL PUW\[Z [V IL H]HPSHISL L]LY`
[PTL `V\ SH\UJO :[\KPV 6UL (Y[PZ[ JSPJR [OL ¸4HRL
+LMH\S[¹I\[[VU
Step 3
;V ILNPU H UL^ :VUN ZLSLJ[ ¸,TW[` :VUN¹ MYVT [OL
;LTWSH[LZSPZ[([[OPZWVPU[`V\ZOV\SKNP]L`V\Y:VUNH
UHTLHUKZLSLJ[`V\YWYLMLYYLKZHTWSLYH[LHUKIP[KLW[O
@V\JHUHSZVKL[LYTPUL[OLSLUN[OVM`V\Y:VUNHUK[OL
[`WLVM[PTLMVYTH[`V\^V\SKSPRL[V\ZL5V[H[PVU)HYZ
:LJVUKZ:HTWSLZVY-YHTLZ*SPJR[OL62I\[[VU^OLU
`V\HYLÄUPZOLK
Step 7
*SPJR VU [OL 6\[W\[Z [HI HUK `V\ ^PSS ZLL HSS VM [OL
H]HPSHISL V\[W\[Z VU `V\Y :[\KPV3P]L ([ [OPZ [PTL `V\
JHUHKK[OLU\TILYVMV\[W\[I\ZLZ[V^OPJO`V\^V\SK
SPRL[VOH]LHJJLZZHUKJHUNP]L[OLTJ\Z[VTUHTLZ>L
YLJVTTLUK [OH[ `V\ JYLH[L H TVUV V\[W\[ MVY LHJO MVY
[OL-PYL>PYL9L[\YUZVU`V\Y:[\KPV3P]LHZ^LSSHZVUL
:[LYLV6\[W\[HZZPNULK[V-PYL>PYL9L[\YUZ[V\ZL
MVY `V\Y 4HPU 6\[W\[ 0U [OL SV^LY YPNO[ JVYULY `V\ ^PSS
ZLL[OL(\KP[PVUZLSLJ[TLU\;OPZHSSV^Z`V\[VJOVVZL
[OLV\W\[MYVT^OPJO`V\^PSSH\KP[PVUH\KPVÄSLZWYPVY[V
PTWVY[PUN[OLTPU[V:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[0UNLULYHS`V\^PSS
^HU[[OPZ[VIL[OL4HPU6\[I\Z
0M `V\ WSHU VU PTWVY[PUN SVVWZ PU[V `V\Y :VUN `V\ TH`
^HU[[VZLSLJ[¸:[YL[JO(\KPV3VVWZ[V:VUN;LTWV¹ZV
[OH[HU`SVVWVMHRUV^U)74SPRL[OVZLPU[OLPUJS\KLK
JVU[LU[SPIYHY`^PSSPTWVY[H[[OLJVYYLJ[[LTWV
Step 4
>OLU [OL :VUN ^PUKV^ SH\UJOLZ SH\UJO [OL (\KPV
:L[\W^PUKV^I`NVPUN[V-PSLc6W[PVUZ¯7*VY:[\KPV
6ULc7YLMLYLUJLZ 4HJ HUK JSPJR VU [OL (\KPV :L[\W
I\[[VU
0M`V\^V\SKSPRL[OPZV\[W\[JVUÄN\YH[PVUH]HPSHISLL]LY`
[PTL`V\SH\UJO:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[JSPJR[OL4HRL+LMH\S[
I\[[VU
Tutorials
0U[OLIYV^ZLY^PUKV^UHTL`V\Y:VUNHUKJOVVZL[OL
KPYLJ[VY`PU^OPJO`V\»KSPRLP[ZH]LK@V\»SSUV[PJLHSPZ[VM
[LTWSH[LZVU[OLSLM[;OL:[\KPV3P]L[LTWSH[L^PSSJYLH[L
H:VUN^P[OH[YHJRMVYLHJOVM[OLPUW\[Z,]LY`[YHJR
PZHYTLKMVYYLJVYKPUNHUKUVM\Y[OLYZL[\WPZYLX\PYLK
:PTWS`ZLSLJ[[OPZ[LTWSH[LHUKJSPJR¸62¹
Technical Information
*SPJR VU [OL 0UW\[Z [HI PU [OL (\KPV 06 :L[\W ^PUKV^
HUK `V\ ^PSS ZLL HSS VM [OL H]HPSHISL PUW\[Z VU `V\Y
:[\KPV3P]L ([ [OPZ [PTL `V\ JHU HKK [OL U\TILY HUK
[`WLVMPUW\[Z`V\WSHU[V\ZL>LYLJVTTLUK[OH[`V\
JYLH[L H TVUV PUW\[ MVY LHJO VM [OL PUW\[Z VU `V\Y
:[\KPV3P]L0M`V\WSHUVUYLJVYKPUNPUZ[LYLV`V\ZOV\SK
HSZVJYLH[LHZ[LYLVI\ZHUKHZZPNUP[[V[OLHWWYVWYPH[L
ZL[VMPUW\[Z@V\JHUYLTV]LHU`I\ZI`ZPTWS`ZLSLJ[PUN
P[HUKJSPJRPUN[OLYLTV]LI\[[VU;VJ\Z[VTPaL[OLUHTL
VM`V\YI\ZLZKV\ISLJSPJRVU[OLKLMH\S[UHTL[VVWLU
H[L_[IV_>OLU`V\OH]LÄUPZOLK[`WPUNOP[,U[LY
Multiple
Mixers
Step 6
Creating Audio Tracks
Step 1
0U [OL \WWLY SLM[ JVYULY VM [OL (YYHUNL ^PUKV^ `V\ ^PSS
UV[PJL ZL]LYHS I\[[VUZ ;OL TPKKSL I\[[VU PZ [OL (KK
;YHJRZ I\[[VU *SPJR [OPZ I\[[VU [V IYPUN \W [OL (KK
;YHJRZ^PUKV^
Creating a Song
Overview
5.1.5
;VILNPUYLJVYKPUNJYLH[LHUH\KPV[YHJRHZZPNUP[[V0UW\[HUKJVUULJ[HTPJYVWOVUL[V[OLÄYZ[
JOHUULSVU[OL:[\KPV3P]L:LSLJ[[OLYLJVYKLUHISLHUKTVUP[VYVU`V\Y[YHJRPU:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[
;\YU\W[OL*OHUULSNHPURUVIVU[OLMYVU[WHULSVM[OL-PYL:[\KPV7YVQLJ[^OPSLZWLHRPUNZPUNPUN
PU[V[OLTPJYVWOVUL@V\ZOV\SKZLL[OLPUW\[TL[LYPU:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[YLHJ[[V[OLPUW\[(KQ\Z[[OL
NHPUZV[OLPUW\[SL]LSPZULHYP[ZTH_PT\T^P[OV\[JSPWWPUN
*VUULJ[HZL[VMOLHKWOVULZ[V[OL:[\KPV3P]LOLHKWOVULV\[W\[HUKZLSLJ[LUHISL[OL4HPUI\[[VU
PU[OL4VUP[VYZLJ[PVUVU`V\Y:[\KPV3P]L@V\TH`HSZV^PZO[VJVUULJ[TVUP[VYZ[V[OL:[\KPV3P]LºZ
*VU[YVS9VVT6\[Z@V\HYLUV^YLHK`[VYLJVYK-VYJVTWSL[LPUZ[Y\J[PVUZWSLHZLJVUZ\S[[OL:[\KPV
6UL9LMLYLUJL4HU\HS^OPJOPZSVJH[LKVU`V\Y:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[0UZ[HSSH[PVU+=+
Controls & Connections
5V^[OH[`V\»]LJVUÄN\YLK`V\Y40+0HUK(\KPV06HUKJYLH[LKHUL^:VUNSL[»ZNV[OYV\NOZVTL
VM[OLIHZPJZVM:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[ZV`V\JHUZ[HY[YLJVYKPUN
;\[VYPHSZ
:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[8\PJR:[HY[
Recording
5.1.5
Multiple
Mixers
;\[VYPHSZ
:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[8\PJR:[HY[
0U[OL(KK;YHJRZ^PUKV^`V\JHUZLSLJ[[OLU\TILYHUK
[`WL VM ;YHJRZ `V\»K SPRL [V JYLH[L 4VUV (\KPV :[LYLV
(\KPV0UZ[Y\TLU[VY(\[VTH[PVUHUKJHUJ\Z[VTPaL[OL
UHTLHUK[OLJVSVY
Tutorials
Creating MIDI Tracks
Step 2
Step 1
*SPJR VU [OL (KK ;YHJRZ I\[[VU >OLU [OL (KK ;YHJRZ
^PUKV^SH\UJOLZZLSLJ[0UZ[Y\TLU[HZ[OL;YHJR-VYTH[
HUKJSPJR[OL62I\[[VU
Step 3
6UJL `V\ OH]L HKKLK `V\Y ;YHJRZ `V\ JHU HZZPNU [OL
PUW\[I`ZPTWS`JSPJRPUNVU[OLPUW\[[V^OPJOH;YHJRPZ
J\YYLU[S`HZZPNULK;OPZ^PSSIYPUN\W`V\YPUW\[ZSPZ[@V\
JHUHSZVHJJLZZ[OL(\KPV06:L[\WMYVTOLYL
;V HZZPNU `V\Y 40+0 PUW\[ JSPJR VU [OL 40+0 0UW\[Z SPZ[
HUKZLSLJ[`V\YL_[LYUHSZV\UKTVK\SL
0M`V\OH]LHKKLK=PY[\HS0UW\[Z[V`V\YZLZZPVU`V\^PSS
HSZVZLL[OLTHZH]HPSHISLPUW\[Z
0M`V\^V\SKSPRL[VHKKH;YHJRMVYLHJOVM[OLH]HPSHISL
PUW\[Z HUK OH]L [OL YV\[PUN H\[VTH[PJHSS` HZZPNULK
ZPTWS`NV[V;YHJRc(KK;YHJRZMVY(SS0UW\[Z
0M `V\ ZLSLJ[LK `V\Y 40+0 RL`IVHYK JVU[YVSSLY HZ [OL
KLMH\S[ RL`IVHYK P[ ^PSS HSYLHK` IL ZLSLJ[LK 0M UV[
JOVVZL `V\Y 40+0 JVU[YVSSLY MYVT 6\[W\[ TLU\ KPYLJ[S`
ILSV^
Step 3
;V [OL SLM[ VM [OL (KK ;YHJR I\[[VU `V\ ^PSS ÄUK [OL
0UZWLJ[VYI\[[VU*SPJRP[[VKPZWSH`TVYLWHYHTL[LYZMVY
[OLZLSLJ[LK[YHJR
Technical Information
;\[VYPHSZ
:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[8\PJR:[HY[
5.1.5
Creating a Song
5.1.5
Creating a Song
Overview
;\[VYPHSZ
:[\KPV6UL(Y[PZ[8\PJR:[HY[
Step 4
([ [OL IV[[VT VM [OL 0UZWLJ[VY TLU\ `V\ ^PSS ZLL `V\Y
)HUR HUK 7YVNYHT ZLSLJ[PVUZ -YVT OLYL `V\ JHU
YLTV[LS`JOHUNL[OLWH[JOVU`V\YZV\UKTVK\SL
Multiple
Mixers
(\KPV HUK 40+0 ÄSLZ JHU HSZV IL X\PJRS` SVJH[LK
H\KP[PVULK HUK PTWVY[LK PU[V `V\Y :VUN I` KYHNNPUN
[OLT MYVT [OL -PSL )YV^ZLY PU[V [OL (YYHUNL ]PL^ 0M
`V\KYHN[OLÄSL[VHULTW[`ZWHJLHUL^[YHJR^PSSIL
JYLH[LK^P[O[OH[ÄSLWSHJLKH[[OLWVZP[PVU[V^OPJO`V\
KYHNNLKP[0M`V\KYHN[OLÄSL[VHUL_PZ[PUN[YHJR[OLÄSL
^PSSILWSHJLKHZHUL^WHY[VU[OL[YHJR
Adding Virtual Instruments and Plug-in Effects to your Song
@V\JHUHKKWS\NPUZHUK0UZ[Y\TLU[Z[V`V\Y:VUNI`KYHNNPUNHUKKYVWWPUNMYVT[OLIYV^ZLY@V\
JHUHSZVKYHNHULMMLJ[VYNYV\WVMLMMLJ[ZMYVTVULJOHUULS[VHUV[OLYKYHNPUJ\Z[VTPaLKLMMLJ[Z
JOHPUZHUKPUZ[HU[S`SVHK`V\YMH]VYP[L]PY[\HSPUZ[Y\TLU[WH[JO^P[OV\[L]LYZJYVSSPUN[OYV\NOHTLU\
Opening the Browser
0U[OLSV^LYYPNO[JVYULYVM[OL(YYHUNL^PUKV^HYL[OYLL
I\[[VUZ;OL,KP[I\[[VUVWLUZVYJSVZLZ[OL(\KPVLKP[VY
VY[OL40+0WPHUVYVSSLKP[VYKLWLUKPUNVU^OH[[`WLVM
[YHJR PZ ZLSLJ[LK ;OL 4P_ I\[[VU VWLUZ HUK JSVZLZ [OL
TP_LY^PUKV^
;OL )YV^ZL I\[[VU VWLUZ [OL )YV^ZLY ^PUKV^ ^OPJO
KPZWSH`Z HSS VM [OL H]HPSHISL ]PY[\HS PUZ[Y\TLU[Z WS\NPU
LMMLJ[ZH\KPVÄSLZHUK40+0ÄSLZHZ^LSSHZ[OLWVVSVM
H\KPVÄSLZSVHKLKPU[V[OLJ\YYLU[ZLZZPVU
Drag and Drop Virtual Instruments
;V HKK H ]PY[\HS PUZ[Y\TLU[ [V `V\Y ZLZZPVU JSPJR [OL
)YV^ZL HUK 0UZ[Y\TLU[ I\[[VUZ [V VWLU [OL 0UZ[Y\TLU[
)YV^ZLY:LSLJ[[OLPUZ[Y\TLU[VYVULVMP[ZWH[JOLZMYVT
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Tutorials
Drag and Drop Audio and MIDI Files
Technical Information
Please Note: MIDI data does not contain audio signals. To hear your sound module, you must connect
the audio output of the sound module to a FireStudio Project audio input, then connect the FireStudio
Project’s audio outputs to a sound system. (You also can listen on headphones, using the FireStudio
Project’s headphone output.) When you are ready to mix your Song, you must convert the recorded
MIDI data to an audio waveform by recording a new audio track.
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[OLU KYHN P[ V]LY [OL [YHJR [V ^OPJO `V\ ^V\SK SPRL [V
HKKP[
Recording
Controls & Connections
Microphones
5.2.3
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0M`V\HYL\ZPUNHUL^VYUVUZ[HUKHYK[`WLVMTPJYVWOVULLN<:)OLHKZL[SHZLY4,4:WSL
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THU\HS[OVYV\NOS`ILMVYLLUNHNPUNWOHU[VTWV^LYHUKPMV[OLY\ZHNLX\LZ[PVUZHYPZL
5.2.4
5.2.2
Dynamic
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H\KPVX\HSP[`VYZLUZP[P]P[`
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Ribbon
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TL[HSYPIIVU\ZLKPU[OLPYKLZPNU9PIIVUTPJYVWOVULZJHW[\YLZV\UK^P[O]LY`OPNOÄKLSP[`·LZ
WLJPHSS`OPNOLYMYLX\LUJPLZ/V^L]LY[OL`VM[LUHYL]LY`MYHNPSLTHU`UL^LYTVKLSZHYLSLZZZV
HUK[`WPJHSS`JHUUV[OHUKSLOPNO:73Z
Microphone Placement
;OLMVSSV^PUNHYLHML^YLJVYKPUNHWWSPJH[PVUZ[VOLSW`V\NL[Z[HY[LK^P[O`V\Y:[\KPV3P]L;OLZL
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THNHaPULZHIV\[YLJVYKPUN[LJOUPX\LZ;OL0U[LYUL[PZHSZVHNYLH[ZV\YJLVMYLJVYKPUNPUMVYTH[PVU
HZHYLPUZ[Y\J[PVUHS]PKLVZ:VTLVM[OLZLTPJYVWOVULWSHJLTLU[Z\NNLZ[PVUZJHUIL\ZLKPUSP]L
HWWSPJH[PVUZHZ^LSSHUKOH]LILLUUV[LKMVY`V\YJVU]LUPLUJL
Piano
7SHJL VUL TPJYVWOVUL HIV]L [OL OPNO Z[YPUNZ
HUK VUL TPJYVWOVUL HIV]L [OL SV^ Z[YPUNZ
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WV^LYZLUKPUNWOHU[VTWV^LY[VHYPIIVUTPJYVWOVULJHUZL]LYLS`KHTHNLP[·\Z\HSS`IL`VUK
YLWHPY
Multiple
Mixers
Condenser
Tutorials
5.2.1
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UV[\ZL[OLT^P[O[OL:[\KPV3P]LHZ[OLSPRLSPOVVKVMJVUÅPJ[PUNKYP]LYZPZNYLH[
Technical Information
;OL:[\KPV3P]L^VYRZ^P[OTVZ[[`WLZVMTPJYVWOVULZPUJS\KPUNK`UHTPJYPIIVUHUKJVUKLUZLY
TPJYVWOVULZ
USB and other Types
Overview
5.2
Controls & Connections
;\[VYPHSZ
;\[VYPHSZ
4PJYVWOVULZ
Recording
5.2.4
Microphone Placement
5.2.4
Microphone Placement
Drum Overheads (XY example)
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Tutorials
Electric Guitar
Overview
;\[VYPHSZ
4PJYVWOVULZ
Controls & Connections
Recording
;\[VYPHSZ
4PJYVWOVULZ
Multiple
Mixers
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Snare Drum (top and bottom)
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Bass Guitar (Direct and Speaker)
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Technical Information
Acoustic Guitar
;OLOLHY[VM[OL:[\KPV3P]LPZ[OL-H[*OHUULSK`UHTPJZZLJ[PVU>OH[MVSSV^ZPZHUL_JLYW[MYVT
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5.3.1
Common Questions Regarding
Dynamics Processing
What is dynamic range?
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Why do we need compression?
Does every instrument need compression?
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HTP_
Why do you need noise gates?
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K)\[VK)\;OLWHZZHNLZ[OH[HYLK)\HUKOPNOLY^PSSILOLHYKV]LY[OLTP_/V^L]LY
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Overview
Common Questions Regarding
Dynamics
Controls & Connections
5.3.1
Recording
A Brief Tutorial
on Dynamics Processing
Multiple
Mixers
5.3
Tutorials
;\[VYPHSZ
;\[VYPHSZ
()YPLM;\[VYPHSVU+`UHTPJZ7YVJLZZPUN
Technical Information
;\[VYPHSZ
()YPLM;\[VYPHSVU+`UHTPJZ7YVJLZZPUN
5.3.2
Types of Dynamics Processing
5.3.2
Types of Dynamics Processing
Compression/Limiting
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*VTWYLZZVYSPTP[LYZHYLJVTTVUS`\ZLKMVYTHU`H\KPVHWWSPJH[PVUZ-VYL_HTWSL!
‹ )
HZZN\P[HYJHUILKPMÄJ\S[[VYLJVYK(JVUZPZ[LU[SL]LS^P[ONVVKH[[HJRJHUILHJOPL]LK
^P[OWYVWLYJVTWYLZZPVU@V\YIHZZKVLZU»[OH]L[VIL^HZOLKV\[PU[OLSV^LUKVM[OLTP_
3L[[OLJVTWYLZZVYSPTP[LYNP]L`V\YIHZZ[OLW\UJOP[ULLKZ[VKYP]L[OLIV[[VTVM[OLTP_
Expansion
;OLYLHYL[^VIHZPJ[`WLZVML_WHUZPVU!K`UHTPJHUKKV^U^HYK,_WHUZPVUPUJYLHZLZ[OLK`UHTPJ
YHUNLVMHZPNUHSHM[LY[OLZPNUHSJYVZZLZ[OLL_WHUZPVU[OYLZOVSK +`UHTPJL_WHUZPVU PZIHZPJHSS`
[OLVWWVZP[LVMJVTWYLZZPVU0UMHJ[IYVHKJHZ[LYZ\ZLK`UHTPJL_WHUZPVU[V¸\UKV¹JVTWYLZZPVU
ILMVYL[YHUZTP[[PUN[OLH\KPVZPNUHS;OPZPZJVTTVUS`YLMLYYLK[VHZJVTWHUKPUN»VY*647YLZZPVU
MVSSV^LKI`L_W(5+05.
)` MHY [OL TVZ[ JVTTVU \ZL VM L_WHUZPVU PZ KV^U^HYK L_WHUZPVU 0U JVU[YHZ[ [V JVTWYLZZPVU
^OPJO KLJYLHZLZ [OL SL]LS VM H ZPNUHS HM[LY P[ YPZLZ HIV]L [OL JVTWYLZZPVU [OYLZOVSK L_WHUZPVU
KLJYLHZLZ[OLSL]LSVMHZPNUHSHM[LY[OLZPNUHSNVLZILSV^[OLL_WHUZPVU[OYLZOVSK;OLHTV\U[VM
SL]LSYLK\J[PVUPZKL[LYTPULKI`[OLL_WHUZPVUYH[PV-VYL_HTWSLH!L_WHUZPVUYH[PVYLK\JLZ
[OLSL]LSVMHZPNUHSI`HMHJ[VYVM[^VLNPMHSL]LSKYVWZK)ILSV^[OLL_WHUZPVU[OYLZOVSK
[OLL_WHUKLY^PSSYLK\JLP[[VK)ILSV^[OL[OYLZOVSK
*VTTVUS`\ZLKMVYUVPZLYLK\J[PVUL_WHUZPVUPZ]LY`LMMLJ[P]LHZHZPTWSLUVPZLNH[L;OLTHQVY
KPMMLYLUJLIL[^LLUL_WHUZPVUHUKUVPZLNH[PUNPZ[OH[L_WHUZPVUPZKLWLUKLU[VU[OLZPNUHSSL]LS
HM[LY[OLSL]LSJYVZZLZ[OL[OYLZOVSK^OLYLHZHUVPZLNH[L^VYRZPUKLWLUKLU[VMHZPNUHS»ZSL]LS
IL`VUK[OL[OYLZOVSK
Noise Gating
5VPZLNH[PUNPZ[OLWYVJLZZVMYLTV]PUN\U^HU[LKZV\UKZMYVTHZPNUHSI`H[[LU\H[PUNHSSZPNUHSZ
ILSV^HZL[[OYLZOVSK(ZKLZJYPILKHIV]L[OLNH[L^VYRZPUKLWLUKLU[S`VM[OLH\KPVZPNUHSHM[LY
ILPUNº[YPNNLYLK»I`[OLZPNUHSJYVZZPUN[OLNH[L[OYLZOVSK;OLNH[L^PSSYLTHPUVWLUHZSVUNHZ[OL
ZPNUHSPZHIV]L[OL[OYLZOVSK/V^MHZ[[OLNH[LVWLUZ[VSL[[OLºNVVK»ZPNUHS[OYV\NOPZKL[LYTPULK
I`[OL H[[HJR[PTL/V^SVUN[OLNH[LZ[H`ZVWLUHM[LY[OLZPNUHSOHZNVULILSV^[OL[OYLZOVSKPZ
KL[LYTPULKI`[OLOVSK[PTL/V^MHZ[[OLNH[LJSVZLZPZKL[LYTPULKI`[OLYLSLHZL/V^T\JO[OL
NH[LH[[LU\H[LZ[OL\U^HU[LKZPNUHS^OPSLJSVZLKPZKL[LYTPULKI`[OLYHUNL
‹ (
RPJRKY\TJHUNL[SVZ[PUH^HSSVMLSLJ[YPJN\P[HYZ5VTH[[LYOV^T\JO[OLSL]LSPZPUJYLHZLK
[OLRPJRKY\TZ[H`ZSVZ[PU[OL¸T\K¹([V\JOVMJVTWYLZZPVUJHU[PNO[LU\W[OH[RPJRKY\T
ZV\UKHSSV^PUNP[[VW\UJO[OYV\NO^P[OV\[OH]PUN[VJYHUR[OLSL]LS^H`\W
Multiple
Mixers
‹ (
ZVSV N\P[HY JHU ZLLT [V IL THZRLK I` [OL YO`[OT N\P[HYZ *VTWYLZZPVU JHU THRL `V\Y
SLHKZVHYHIV]L[OL[YHJR^P[OV\[ZOV]PUN[OLMHKLY[OYV\NO[OLYVVM
Tutorials
7\UJOHWWHYLU[SV\KULZZWYLZLUJL·[OLZLHYLQ\Z[[OYLLVM[OLTHU`[LYTZ\ZLK[VKLZJYPIL[OL
LMMLJ[ZVMJVTWYLZZPVUSPTP[PUN
Technical Information
+`UHTPJZWYVJLZZPUNPZ[OLWYVJLZZVMHS[LYPUN[OLK`UHTPJYHUNLVMHZPNUHS[OLYLI`LUOHUJPUN
[OLHIPSP[`VMHSP]LZV\UKZ`Z[LTVYYLJVYKPUNKL]PJL[VOHUKSL[OLZPNUHS^P[OV\[KPZ[VY[PVUVYUVPZL
HUKHPKPUNPUWSHJPUN[OLZPNUHSPU[OLV]LYHSSTP_
‹ (
]VJHS WLYMVYTHUJL \Z\HSS` OHZ H ^PKL K`UHTPJ YHUNL ;YHUZPLU[Z UVYTHSS` [OL SV\KLZ[
WVY[PVUZ VM [OL ZPNUHS JHU IL MHY V\[ZPKL [OL H]LYHNL SL]LS VM [OL ]VJHS ZPNUHS )LJH\ZL
[OLSL]LSJHUJOHUNLJVU[PU\V\ZS`HUKKYHTH[PJHSS`P[PZL_[YLTLS`KPMÄJ\S[[VYPKL[OLSL]LS
^P[O H JVUZVSL MHKLY ( JVTWYLZZVYSPTP[LY H\[VTH[PJHSS` JVU[YVSZ NHPU ^P[OV\[ HS[LYPUN [OL
Z\I[SL[PLZVM[OLWLYMVYTHUJL
Overview
Controls & Connections
;\[VYPHSZ
()YPLM;\[VYPHSVU+`UHTPJZ7YVJLZZPUN
Recording
;\[VYPHSZ
()YPLM;\[VYPHSVU+`UHTPJZ7YVJLZZPUN
5.3.3
Vocabulary of Dynamics Processors
5.3.3
Vocabulary of Dynamics Processors
0U ZJPLU[PÄJ YLZLHYJO P[ PZ ^PKLS` HJJLW[LK [OH[ PM VUL ULLKZ [V THZ[LY H Z\IQLJ[ X\PJRS` VUL
T\Z[ SLHYU [OL HZZVJPH[LK ]VJHI\SHY` HUK PUK\Z[Y` [LYTZ ;OL ZHTL PZ [Y\L ^P[O H\KPV YLJVYKPUN
HUK WYVK\J[PVU 4VZ[ THU\HSZ HUK [L_[ IVVRZ HZZ\TL H WYPVY SL]LS VM RUV^SLKNL >L OVWL [OPZ
ZLJ[PVU^PSSOLSW`V\[VNL[[OLNYLH[LZ[ILULÄ[MYVT`V\YPUKLWLUKLU[Z[\K`PU[OL^VYSKVMT\ZPJ
WYVK\J[PVU
‹ Auto.7SHJLZHJVTWYLZZVYPUH\[VTH[PJH[[HJRHUKYLSLHZLTVKL;OLH[[HJRHUKYLSLHZL
RUVIZILJVTLPUVWLYH[P]LHUKHWYLWYVNYHTTLKH[[HJRHUKYLSLHZLJ\Y]LPZ\ZLK
‹ Makeup Gain. >OLU JVTWYLZZPUN H ZPNUHS NHPU YLK\J[PVU \Z\HSS` YLZ\S[Z PU HU V]LYHSS
YLK\J[PVUVMSL]LS;OLNHPUJVU[YVSHSSV^Z`V\[VYLZ[VYL[OLSVZZPUSL]LSK\L[VJVTWYLZZPVU
3PRLYLHKQ\Z[PUN[OL]VS\TL
Overview
Controls & Connections
;\[VYPHSZ
()YPLM;\[VYPHSVU+`UHTPJZ7YVJLZZPUN
Recording
‹ Limiter.(SPTP[LYPZHJVTWYLZZVY[OH[PZZL[[VWYL]LU[HU`PUJYLHZLPU[OLSL]LSVMHZPNUHS
HIV]L[OL[OYLZOVSK-VYL_HTWSLPM`V\OH]L[OL[OYLZOVSKRUVIZL[H[K)HUK[OLYH[PV
[\YULKM\SS`JSVJR^PZL[OLJVTWYLZZVYILJVTLZHSPTP[LYH[K)ZV[OH[[OLV\[W\[ZPNUHS
JHUUV[L_JLLKK)YLNHYKSLZZVM[OLSL]LSVM[OLPUW\[ZPNUHS
‹ Attack. ([[HJRZL[Z[OLZWLLKH[^OPJO[OLJVTWYLZZVYHJ[ZVU[OLPUW\[ZPNUHS(ZSV^H[[HJR
[PTLM\SS`JSVJR^PZLHSSV^Z[OLILNPUUPUNLU]LSVWLVMHZPNUHSJVTTVUS`YLMLYYLK[VHZ[OL
PUP[PHS [YHUZPLU[ [V WHZZ [OYV\NO [OL JVTWYLZZVY \UWYVJLZZLK ^OLYLHZ H MHZ[ H[[HJR [PTL
M\SS`JV\U[LYJSVJR^PZLPTTLKPH[LS`Z\IQLJ[Z[OLZPNUHS[V[OLYH[PVHUK[OYLZOVSKZL[[PUNZ
VM[OLJVTWYLZZVY
‹ Release.9LSLHZLZL[Z[OLSLUN[OVM[PTL[OLJVTWYLZZVY[HRLZ[VYL[\YU[OLNHPUYLK\J[PVU
IHJR [V aLYV UV NHPU YLK\J[PVU HM[LY [OL ZPNUHS SL]LS KYVWZ ILSV^ [OL JVTWYLZZPVU
[OYLZOVSK=LY`ZOVY[YLSLHZL[PTLZJHUWYVK\JLH]LY`JOVWW`VY¸QP[[LY`¹ZV\UKLZWLJPHSS`
PU SV^MYLX\LUJ` PUZ[Y\TLU[Z Z\JO HZ IHZZ N\P[HY =LY` SVUN YLSLHZL [PTLZ JHU YLZ\S[ PU HU
V]LYJVTWYLZZLKZV\UK"[OPZPZZVTL[PTLZYLMLYYLK[VHZ¸ZX\HZOPUN¹[OLZV\UK(SSYHUNLZ
VMYLSLHZLJHUIL\ZLM\SH[KPMMLYLU[[PTLZOV^L]LYHUK`V\ZOV\SKL_WLYPTLU[[VILJVTL
MHTPSPHY^P[O[OLKPMMLYLU[ZVUPJWVZZPIPSP[PLZ
‹ Hard/Soft Knee. >P[OOHYKRULLJVTWYLZZPVU[OLNHPUYLK\J[PVUHWWSPLK[V[OLZPNUHSVJJ\YZ
HZZVVUHZ[OLZPNUHSL_JLLKZ[OLSL]LSZL[I`[OL[OYLZOVSK>P[OZVM[RULLJVTWYLZZPVU
[OL VUZL[ VM NHPU YLK\J[PVU VJJ\YZ NYHK\HSS` HM[LY [OL ZPNUHS OHZ L_JLLKLK [OL [OYLZOVSK
WYVK\JPUNHTVYLT\ZPJHSYLZWVUZL[VZVTLMVSRZ
Expanders
‹ Downward Expansion. +V^U^HYK L_WHUZPVU PZ [OL TVZ[ JVTTVU L_WHUZPVU \ZLK PU WYV
H\KPVHUKYLJVYKPUN;OPZ[`WLVML_WHUZPVUYLK\JLZ[OLSL]LSVMHZPNUHS^OLU[OLZPNUHSMHSSZ
ILSV^HZL[[OYLZOVSKSL]LS;OPZPZTVZ[JVTTVU\ZLKMVYUVPZLYLK\J[PVU
‹ Ratio.;OLL_WHUZPVUYH[PVZL[Z[OLHTV\U[VMYLK\J[PVUHWWSPLK[VHZPNUHSVUJL[OLZPNUHS
OHZKYVWWLKILSV^[OLL_WHUZPVU[OYLZOVSK-VYL_HTWSLH!L_WHUZPVUYH[PVH[[LU\H[LZ
HZPNUHSK)MVYL]LY`K)P[KYVWZILSV^[OL[OYLZOVSK9H[PVZVM!HUKOPNOLYHJ[T\JO
SPRLHUVPZLNH[LI\[^P[OV\[[OLHIPSP[`[V[HPSVY[OLH[[HJROVSKHUKYLSLHZL[PTLZ
Noise Gates
‹ Threshold. ;OLNH[L[OYLZOVSKZL[Z[OLSL]LSH[^OPJO[OLNH[LVWLUZ,ZZLU[PHSS`HSSZPNUHSZ
HIV]L [OL [OYLZOVSK ZL[[PUN HYL WHZZLK [OYV\NO \UHMMLJ[LK ^OLYLHZ ZPNUHSZ ILSV^ [OL
[OYLZOVSKZL[[PUNHYLYLK\JLKPUSL]LSI`[OLHTV\U[ZL[I`[OLYHUNLJVU[YVS0M[OL[OYLZOVSK
PZZL[M\SS`JV\U[LYJSVJR^PZL[OLNH[LPZ[\YULKVMMHS^H`ZVWLUHSSV^PUNHSSZPNUHSZ[VWHZZ
[OYV\NO\UHMMLJ[LK
‹ Attack. ;OL NH[L H[[HJR [PTL ZL[Z [OL YH[L H[ ^OPJO [OL NH[L VWLUZ ( MHZ[ H[[HJR YH[L PZ
JY\JPHSMVYWLYJ\ZZP]LPUZ[Y\TLU[Z^OLYLHZZPNUHSZZ\JOHZ]VJHSZHUKIHZZN\P[HYYLX\PYL
HZSV^LYH[[HJR;VVMHZ[VMHUH[[HJRJHUVU[OLZLZSV^YPZPUNZPNUHSZJH\ZLHUHY[PMHJ[PU
[OLZPNUHSWYVK\JPUNHUH\KPISLJSPJR(SSNH[LZOH]L[OLHIPSP[`[VJSPJR^OLUVWLUPUNI\[H
WYVWLYS`ZL[NH[L^PSSUL]LYJSPJR
Tutorials
‹ Ratio. 9H[PV ZL[Z [OL JVTWYLZZPVU ZSVWL ;OL YH[PV PZ [OL YLSH[PVUZOPW IL[^LLU [OL V\[W\[
SL]LSHUK[OLPUW\[SL]LS0UV[OLY^VYKZ[OLYH[PVZL[Z[OLJVTWYLZZPVUZSVWL-VYL_HTWSLPM
`V\OH]L[OLYH[PVZL[[V!HU`ZPNUHSSL]LSZHIV]L[OL[OYLZOVSKZL[[PUN^PSSILJVTWYLZZLK
H[HJVTWYLZZPVUYH[PVVM!;OPZZPTWS`TLHUZ[OH[MVYL]LY`K)VMSL]LSPUJYLHZLPU[V
[OL JVTWYLZZVY [OL V\[W\[ ^PSS VUS` PUJYLHZL K) [O\Z WYVK\JPUN H JVTWYLZZPVU NHPU
YLK\J[PVU VM K)K) (Z `V\ PUJYLHZL [OL YH[PV [OL JVTWYLZZVY NYHK\HSS` ILJVTLZ H
SPTP[LY
‹ Compressor Sidechain.;OLZPKLJOHPUQHJRPU[LYY\W[Z[OLZPNUHS[OH[[OLJVTWYLZZVYPZ\ZPUN
[V KL[LYTPUL [OL HTV\U[ VM NHPU YLK\J[PVU P[ ZOV\SK HWWS` >OLU UV JVUULJ[VY PZ PUZLY[LK
PU[V [OPZ QHJR [OL PUW\[ ZPNUHS NVLZ KPYLJ[S` [V [OL JVTWYLZZVY»Z JVU[YVS JPYJ\P[Y` >OLU H
JVUULJ[VY PZ PUZLY[LK PU[V [OPZ QHJR [OL ZPNUHS WH[O PZ IYVRLU ;OL JVU[YVS ZPNUHS JHU [OLU
ILWYVJLZZLKI`HULX\HSPaLYMVYL_HTWSL[VYLK\JLZPIPSHUJLKLLZZPUNPUH]VJHS[YHJR
;OLJVU[YVSZPNUHSPZ[OLUYL[\YULK[V[OL\UP[]PH[OLJVUULJ[VY6ULJVTTVUHWWSPJH[PVUMVY
HZPKLJOHPUPZ^OLU\ZPUNHJVTWYLZZVY[VYLK\JL[OLSL]LSVMT\ZPJVYV[OLYIHJRNYV\UK
ZV\UK^OLUL]LYHUHYYH[VYZWLHRZVY]VJHSPZ[ZPUNZHSSV^PUN[OL]VPJL[VILJSLHYS`OLHYK
0U[OPZHWWSPJH[PVU[OL]VJHSZPNUHSPZYV\[LK[V[OLZPKLJOHPUPUW\[^OPSL[OLT\ZPJPZYV\[LK
[OYV\NO[OLTHPUJVTWYLZZPVUJPYJ\P[Y`5V^[OLJVTWYLZZVY^PSSH\[VTH[PJHSS`K\JR·[OH[
PZYLK\JL[OLSL]LSVM·[OLT\ZPJ^OLUL]LY[OLUHYYH[VYZWLHRZVY[OL]VJHSPZ[ZPUNZ
Technical Information
‹ Threshold. ;OLJVTWYLZZVY[OYLZOVSKZL[Z[OLSL]LSH[^OPJOJVTWYLZZPVUILNPUZ>OLU[OL
ZPNUHSPZHIV]L[OL[OYLZOVSKZL[[PUNP[ILJVTLZLSPNPISLMVYJVTWYLZZPVU)HZPJHSS`HZ`V\
[\YU [OL [OYLZOVSK RUVI JV\U[LYJSVJR^PZL TVYL VM [OL PUW\[ ZPNUHS ILJVTLZ JVTWYLZZLK
HZZ\TPUN`V\OH]LHYH[PVZL[[PUNNYLH[LY[OHU!
Multiple
Mixers
Compressors
;\[VYPHSZ
()YPLM;\[VYPHSVU+`UHTPJZ7YVJLZZPUN
;\[VYPHSZ
()YPLM;\[VYPHSVU+`UHTPJZ7YVJLZZPUN
5.3.3
Vocabulary of Dynamics Processors
5.3.4
General Compressing Setting
Suggestions
‹ Range.;OLNH[LYHUNLPZ[OLHTV\U[VMNHPUYLK\J[PVU[OH[[OLNH[LWYVK\JLZ;OLYLMVYLPM
[OLYHUNLPZZL[H[K)[OLYL^PSSILUVJOHUNLPU[OLZPNUHSHZP[JYVZZLZ[OL[OYLZOVSK0M
[OLYHUNLPZZL[[VK)[OLZPNUHS^PSSILNH[LKYLK\JLKI`K)L[J
Soft. ;OPZ PZ HU LHZ` JVTWYLZZPVU ^P[O H SV^ YH[PV ZL[[PUN MVY IHSSHKZ HSSV^PUN H ^PKLY K`UHTPJ
YHUNL0[»ZNVVKMVYSP]L\ZL;OPZZL[[PUNOLSWZ[OL]VJHSZP[¸PU[OL[YHJR¹
;OYLZOVSK
9H[PV
([[HJR
9LSLHZL
K)
!
TZ
TZ
Medium.;OPZZL[[PUNOHZTVYLSPTP[PUN[OHU[OL:VM[JVTWYLZZPVUZL[[PUNWYVK\JPUNHUHYYV^LY
K`UHTPJYHUNL0[TV]LZ[OL]VJHSTVYL\WMYVU[PU[OLTP_
;OYLZOVSK
9H[PV
([[HJR
9LSLHZL
K)
!
TZ
TZ
Screamer. ;OPZZL[[PUNPZMVYSV\K]VJHSZ0[PZHMHPYS`OHYKJVTWYLZZPVUZL[[PUNMVYH]VJHSPZ[^OV
PZVUHUKVMM[OLTPJYVWOVULHSV[0[W\[Z[OL]VPJL¸PU`V\YMHJL¹
;OYLZOVSK
9H[PV
([[HJR
9LSLHZL
K)
!
TZ
TZ
Percussion
Snare/Kick. ;OPZZL[[PUNHSSV^Z[OLÄYZ[[YHUZPLU[[OYV\NOHUKJVTWYLZZLZ[OLYLZ[VM[OLZPNUHS
NP]PUNHOHYK¸ZUHW¹\WMYVU[HUKHSVUNLYYLSLHZL
;OYLZOVSK
9H[PV
([[HJR
9LSLHZL
K)
!
TZ
TZ
Left/Right (Stereo) Overheads. ;OLSV^YH[PVHUK[OYLZOVSKPU[OPZZL[[PUNNP]LZH¸MH[¹JVU[V\Y[V
L]LUV\[[OLZV\UKMYVTV]LYOLHKKY\TTPJZ3V^LUKPZPUJYLHZLKHUK[OLV]LYHSSZV\UKPZTVYL
WYLZLU[HUKSLZZHTIPLU[@V\NL[TVYL¸IVVT¹HUKSLZZ¸YVVT¹
;OYLZOVSK
9H[PV
([[HJR
9LSLHZL
K)
!
TZ
TZ
Controls & Connections
Recording
‹ Release.;OLNH[LYLSLHZL[PTLKL[LYTPULZ[OLYH[LH[^OPJO[OLNH[LJSVZLZ9LSLHZL[PTLZ
ZOV\SK[`WPJHSS`ILZL[ZV[OH[[OLUH[\YHSKLJH`VM[OLPUZ[Y\TLU[VY]VJHSILPUNNH[LKPZ
UV[ HMMLJ[LK :OVY[LY YLSLHZL [PTLZ OLSW [V JSLHU \W [OL UVPZL PU H ZPNUHS I\[ TH` JH\ZL
¸JOH[[LYPUN¹ PU WLYJ\ZZP]L PUZ[Y\TLU[Z 3VUNLY YLSLHZL [PTLZ \Z\HSS` LSPTPUH[L ¸JOH[[LYPUN¹
HUKZOV\SKILZL[I`SPZ[LUPUNJHYLM\SS`MVY[OLTVZ[UH[\YHSYLSLHZLVM[OLZPNUHS
Multiple
Mixers
Vocals
Tutorials
;OL MVSSV^PUN HYL [OL JVTWYLZZPVU WYLZL[Z [OH[ ^LYL \ZLK PU [OL 7YL:VU\Z )S\L4H_ >L OH]L
PUJS\KLK[OLTHZHQ\TWPUNVMMWVPU[MVYZL[[PUN\WJVTWYLZZPVUVU`V\Y:[\KPV3P]L
Technical Information
‹ Hold./VSK[PTLPZ\ZLK[VRLLW[OLNH[LVWLUMVYHÄ_LKWLYPVKHM[LY[OLZPNUHSKYVWZILSV^
[OLNH[L[OYLZOVSK;OPZJHUILYLHSS`\ZLM\SMVYLMMLJ[ZZ\JOHZNH[LKZUHYL^OLYL[OLNH[L
YLTHPUZVWLUHM[LY[OLZUHYLOP[MVY[OLK\YH[PVUVM[OLOVSK[PTL[OLUHIY\W[S`JSVZLZ
Overview
;\[VYPHSZ
()YPLM;\[VYPHSVU+`UHTPJZ7YVJLZZPUN
;\[VYPHSZ
()YPLM;\[VYPHSVU+`UHTPJZ7YVJLZZPUN
5.3.4
General Compressing Setting
Suggestions
5.3.4
General Compressing Setting
Suggestions
Fretted Instruments
Stereo Mix
Electric Bass. ;OLMHZ[H[[HJRHUKZSV^YLSLHZLPU[OPZZL[[PUN^PSS[PNO[LU\W[OLLSLJ[YPJIHZZHUK
NP]L`V\JVU[YVSMVYHTVYLJVUZPZ[LU[SL]LS
Stereo Limiter. 1\Z[ HZ [OL UHTL PTWSPLZ [OPZ PZ H OHYK SPTP[LY VY ¸IYPJR^HSS¹ZL[[PUN·PKLHSMVY
JVU[YVSSPUN[OLSL]LS[VH[^V[YHJRTP_KV^UKLJRVYZ[LYLVV\[W\[
9H[PV
([[HJR
9LSLHZL
;OYLZOVSK
9H[PV
([[HJR
9LSLHZL
K)
!
TZ
TZ
K)
!
TZ
TZ
Contour. ;OPZZL[[PUNMH[[LUZ\W[OLTHPUTP_
9H[PV
([[HJR
9LSLHZL
;OYLZOVSK
9H[PV
([[HJR
9LSLHZL
K)
!
TZ
TZ
K)
!
TZ
TZ
Electric Guitar.;OPZPZHZL[[PUNMVY¸JY\UJO¹LSLJ[YPJYO`[OTN\P[HY(ZSV^H[[HJROLSWZ[VNL[[OL
LSLJ[YPJYO`[OTN\P[HY¸\WJSVZLHUKWLYZVUHS¹HUKNP]LZW\UJO[V`V\YJY\UJO
;OYLZOVSK
9H[PV
([[HJR
9LSLHZL
K)
!
TZ
TZ
Keyboards
Piano. ;OPZPZHZWLJPHSZL[[PUNMVYHUL]LUSL]LSHJYVZZ[OLRL`IVHYK0[PZKLZPNULK[VOLSWL]LU
\W[OL[VWHUKIV[[VTVMHUHJV\Z[PJWPHUV0UV[OLY^VYKZP[OLSWZ[OLSLM[OHUK[VILOLHYKHSVUN
^P[O[OLYPNO[OHUK
Tutorials
;OYLZOVSK
Effects
Squeeze. ;OPZ PZ K`UHTPJ JVTWYLZZPVU MVY ZVSV ^VYR LZWLJPHSS` LSLJ[YPJ N\P[HY 0[ NP]LZ `V\ [OH[
NSHZZ`¸;LSL:[YH[¹ZV\UK0[PZH[Y\LJSHZZPJ
;OYLZOVSK
9H[PV
([[HJR
9LSLHZL
K)
!
TZ
TZ
Pump. ;OPZPZHZL[[PUNMVYTHRPUN[OLJVTWYLZZVY¸W\TW¹PUHKLZPYHISL^H`;OPZLMMLJ[PZNVVK
MVY ZUHYL KY\TZ [V PUJYLHZL [OL SLUN[O VM [OL [YHUZPLU[ I` IYPUNPUN [OL ZPNUHS \W HM[LY [OL PUP[PHS
ZWPRL0[PZ]LY`JVU[LTWVYHY`
;OYLZOVSK
9H[PV
([[HJR
9LSLHZL
;OYLZOVSK
9H[PV
([[HJR
9LSLHZL
K)
!
TZ
TZ
K)
!
TZ
TZ
Synth. ;OLMHZ[H[[HJRHUKYLSLHZLVU[OPZZL[[PUNJHUIL\ZLKMVYZ`U[OLZPaLYOVYUZ[HIZVYMVYIHZZ
SPULZWSH`LKVUHZ`U[OLZPaLY
;OYLZOVSK
9H[PV
([[HJR
9LSLHZL
K)
!
TZ
TZ
Orchestral.<ZL[OPZZL[[PUNMVYZ[YPUNWHKZHUKV[OLY[`WLZVMZ`U[OLZPaLKVYJOLZ[YHWHY[Z0[^PSS
KLJYLHZL[OLV]LYHSSK`UHTPJYHUNLMVYLHZPLYWSHJLTLU[PU[OLTP_
;OYLZOVSK
9H[PV
([[HJR
9LSLHZL
K)
!
TZ
TZ
Technical Information
Acoustic Guitar. ;OPZZL[[PUNHJJLU[\H[LZ[OLH[[HJRVM[OLHJV\Z[PJN\P[HYHUKOLSWZTHPU[HPUHU
L]LUZPNUHSSL]LSRLLWPUN[OLHJV\Z[PJN\P[HYMYVTKPZHWWLHYPUNPU[OL[YHJR
Multiple
Mixers
;OYLZOVSK
Recording
Controls & Connections
Overview
5.4.1
What is an EQ?
(ULX\HSPaLYPZHÄS[LY[OH[HSSV^Z`V\[VHKQ\Z[[OLSL]LSVMHMYLX\LUJ`VYYHUNLVMMYLX\LUJPLZVM
HUH\KPVZPNUHS0UP[ZZPTWSLZ[MVYTHU,8^PSSSL[`V\[\YU[OL[YLISLHUKIHZZ\WVYKV^UHSSV^PUN
`V\[VHKQ\Z[[OLJVSVYH[PVUVMSL[»ZZH``V\YJHYZ[LYLVVYHUP7VK0UYLJVYKPUNLX\HSPaH[PVUPZH
ZVWOPZ[PJH[LKHY[.VVKLX\HSPaH[PVUPZJYP[PJHS[VHNVVKTP_
>OLU\ZLKJVYYLJ[S`HULX\HSPaLYJHUWYV]PKL[OLPTWYLZZPVUVMULHYULZZVYKPZ[HUJL¸MH[[LU¹VY
¸[OPU¹HZV\UKHUKOLSWISLUKVYWYV]PKLZLWHYH[PVUIL[^LLUZPTPSHYZV\UKZPUHTP_HSSV^PUN[OLT
[VIV[OZOPUL[OYV\NO[OLTP_
The Parametric EQ
;OL7HYHTL[YPJ,8HUKZLTP7HYHTL[YPJ,8HYL[OLTVZ[JVTTVULX\HSPaLYZMV\UKPUYLJVYKPUN
HUK SP]L ZP[\H[PVUZ ILJH\ZL [OL` VMMLY JVU[PU\V\Z JVU[YVS V]LY HSS WHYHTL[LYZ ( WHYHTL[YPJ ,8
VMMLYZJVU[PU\V\ZJVU[YVSV]LY[OLH\KPVZPNUHS»ZMYLX\LUJ`JVU[LU[^OPJOPZKP]PKLKPU[VZL]LYHS
IHUKZVMMYLX\LUJPLZTVZ[JVTTVUS`[OYLL[VZL]LUIHUKZ(M\SS`WHYHTL[YPJ,8VMMLYZJVU[YVS
V]LY[OLIHUK^PK[OIHZPJHSS`[OLYHUNLVMMYLX\LUJPLZHMMLJ[LK[OLJLU[LYMYLX\LUJ`VM[OLIHUK
HUK[OLSL]LSIVVZ[J\[VM[OLKLZPNUH[LKMYLX\LUJ`IHUK0[TH`HSZVVMMLYZLWHYH[LJVU[YVSV]LY
[OL8^OPJOPZ[OLYH[PVVM[OLJLU[LYMYLX\LUJ`[V[OLIHUK^PK[O(ZLTPWHYHTL[YPJ,8SPRL[OVZL
PU [OL :[\KPV3P]L WYV]PKLZ JVU[YVS V]LY TVZ[ VM [OLZL WHYHTL[LYZ I\[ \Z\HSS` [OL IHUK^PK[O PZ
Ä_LK
The Q
(S[OV\NO H ZLTPWHYHTL[YPJ ,8 Z\JO HZ [OVZL PU [OL :[\KPV3P]L KVLZ UV[ WYV]PKL H JVU[PU\V\Z
IHUK^PK[OJVU[YVSP[VMMLYZHUPUKPYLJ[^H`VMZ^P[JOPUNIL[^LLU^PKLHUKUHYYV^IHUK^PK[O![OL
/P8Z^P[JO8PZ[OLYH[PVVMJLU[LYMYLX\LUJ`[VIHUK^PK[OHUKPM[OLJLU[LYMYLX\LUJ`PZÄ_LK
[OLU IHUK^PK[O PZ PU]LYZLS` WYVWVY[PVUHS [V 8·TLHUPUN [OH[ HZ `V\ YHPZL [OL 8 `V\ UHYYV^ [OL
IHUK^PK[O0UM\SS`WHYHTL[YPJ,8Z`V\OH]LJVU[PU\V\ZIHUK^PK[OJVU[YVSHUKVYJVU[PU\V\Z8
JVU[YVSYH[OLY[OHUHOPNOSV^8Z^P[JO;OPZHSSV^Z`V\[VH[[LU\H[LVYIVVZ[H]LY`UHYYV^VY
^PKLYHUNLVMMYLX\LUJPLZ
(UHYYV^IHUK^PK[OOPNO8OHZVI]PV\ZH[[LU\H[PVUILULÄ[ZMVYYLTV]PUN\UWSLHZHU[[VULZ3L[»Z
ZH`[OLZUHYLKY\TPU`V\YTP_OHZHUHUUV`PUNYPUN[VP[>P[OH]LY`UHYYV^IHUK^PK[O`V\JHU
PZVSH[L[OPZVULMYLX\LUJ`\Z\HSS`HYV\UKR/aHUKYLTV]LVYYLQLJ[P[;OPZ[`WLVMUHYYV^IHUK
YLQLJ[ÄS[LYPZHSZVRUV^UHZHUV[JOÄS[LY)`UV[JOPUNV\[[OLVMMLUKPUNMYLX\LUJ``V\JHUYLTV]L
[OLWYVISLT^P[OV\[YLTV]PUN[OLPUZ[Y\TLU[MYVT[OLTP_(UHYYV^IHUK^PK[OPZHSZV\ZLM\SPU
(IYVHKIHUK^PK[OHJJLU[\H[LZVYH[[LU\H[LZHSHYNLYIHUKVMMYLX\LUJPLZ;OLIYVHKHUKUHYYV^
IHUK^PK[OZOPNOHUKSV^8HYL\Z\HSS`\ZLKPUJVUQ\UJ[PVU^P[OVULHUV[OLY[VHJOPL]L[OLKLZPYLK
LMMLJ[3L[»ZSVVRH[V\YRPJRKY\THNHPU>LOH]LHRPJRKY\T[OH[OHZHNYLH[IPNSV^LUKZV\UK
JLU[LYLKHYV\UK/aHUKHUH[[HJROP[[PUNHSTVZ[KLHKVUH[R/a0U[OPZL_HTWSL`V\^V\SK
\ZLHIYVHKIHUK^PK[OPU[OLSV^MYLX\LUJ`IHUKJLU[LYLKH[/aHUKHUHYYV^IHUK^PK[O
IVVZ[LKH[R/a0U[OPZ^H``V\HYLHJJLU[\H[PUN[OLILZ[HUKKV^UWSH`PUNL]LY`[OPUNLSZL[OPZ
WHY[PJ\SHYRPJRKY\TOHZ[VVMMLY
Tutorials
5.4.1
IVVZ[PUNWSLHZHU[[VULZVMHUPUZ[Y\TLU[Z\JOHZ[OLH[[HJR;HRLMVYPUZ[HUJLHRPJRKY\T(RPJR
KY\TYLZVUH[LZZVTL^OLYLIL[^LLU[V/aI\[[OLH[[HJRVM[OLRPJRKY\TPZT\JOOPNOLYH[
[VR/a)`ZL[[PUNHUHYYV^IHUK^PK[OHUKIVVZ[PUN[OLH[[HJRHIP[`V\JHUHJOPL]LHW\UJOPLY
RPJRKY\T^P[OV\[V]LYWV^LYPUN[OLYLZ[VM[OLTP_
Shelving EQ
(ZOLS]PUN,8H[[LU\H[LZVYIVVZ[MYLX\LUJPLZHIV]LVYILSV^HZWLJPÄLKJ\[VMMWVPU[:OLS]PUN
LX\HSPaLYZJVTLPU[^VKPMMLYLU[]HYPL[PLZ!OPNOWHZZHUKSV^WHZZ
3V^WHZZZOLS]PUNÄS[LYZWHZZHSSMYLX\LUJPLZILSV^[OLZWLJPÄLKJ\[VMMMYLX\LUJ`^OPSLH[[LU\H[PUN
HSS[OLMYLX\LUJPLZHIV]LP[(OPNOWHZZÄS[LYKVLZ[OLVWWVZP[L!WHZZPUNHSSMYLX\LUJPLZHIV]L[OL
ZWLJPÄLKJ\[VMMMYLX\LUJ`^OPSLH[[LU\H[PUNL]LY`[OPUNILSV^
Graphic EQ
;OL :[\KPV3P]L MLH[\YLZ H IHUK .YHWOPJ ,8 [OH[ JHU IL PUZLY[LK VU [OL 4HPU I\Z (
NYHWOPJ,8PZHT\S[PIHUKLX\HSPaLY[OH[\ZLZZSPKLYZ[VHKQ\Z[[OLHTWSP[\KLMVYLHJOMYLX\LUJ`
IHUK0[NL[ZP[ZUHTLMYVT[OLWVZP[PVUZVM[OLZSPKLYZ¸NYHWOPUN¹[OLYLZ\S[PUNMYLX\LUJ`YLZWVUZL
J\Y]L(ZL_WSHPULKPU:LJ[PVU[OLLUJVKLYZPU[OL-H[*OHUULSHYL\ZLK[VTHRLHTWSP[\KL
HKQ\Z[TLU[ZHUK[OLTL[LY3,+»ZKPZWSH`[OL¸ZSPKLY¹WVZP[PVUZ;OLJLU[LYMYLX\LUJ`HUKIHUK^PK[O
HYLÄ_LKMVYLHJOIHUK[OLSL]LSHTWSP[\KLMVYLHJOIHUKPZ[OLVUS`HKQ\Z[HISLWHYHTL[LY
.YHWOPJ,8»ZHYLNLULYHSS`\ZLK[VÄUL[\UL[OLV]LYHSSTP_P[[VHWHY[PJ\SHYYVVT-VYPUZ[HUJLPM
`V\HYLTP_PUNPUH¸KLHK¹YVVT`V\TH`^HU[[VIVVZ[OPNOMYLX\LUJPLZHUKYVSSVMMZVTLVM[OL
SV^Z0M`V\HYLTP_PUNPUH¸SP]L¹YVVT`V\TPNO[ULLK[VSV^LY[OLOPNOTPKYHUNLHUKOPNOLZ[
MYLX\LUJPLZ 0U NLULYHS `V\ ZOV\SK UV[ THRL KYHZ[PJ HTWSP[\KL HKQ\Z[TLU[Z [V HU` WHY[PJ\SHY
MYLX\LUJ`IHUKZ0UZ[LHKTHRLZTHSSLYPUJYLTLU[HSHKQ\Z[TLU[ZV]LYH^PKLYZWLJ[Y\T[VYV\UK
V\[`V\YÄUHSTP_;VHZZPZ[`V\^P[O[OLZLHKQ\Z[TLU[ZOLYLPZHUV]LY]PL^VM^OPJOMYLX\LUJPLZ
HMMLJ[KPMMLYLU[ZV\UKJOHYHJ[LYPZ[PJZ!
‹ :\I)HZZ/a[V/a!;OLZL]LY`SV^IHZZMYLX\LUJPLZHYLMLS[YH[OLY[OHUOLHYKHZ^P[O
MYLL^H`Y\TISPUNVYHULHY[OX\HRL;OLZLMYLX\LUJPLZNP]L`V\YTP_HZLUZLVMWV^LYL]LU
^OLU [OL` VUS` VJJ\Y VJJHZPVUHSS` /V^L]LY V]LYLTWOHZPaPUN MYLX\LUJPLZ PU [OPZ YHUNL ^PSS
YLZ\S[PUHT\KK`TP_
Technical Information
;OL:[\KPV3P]LPZLX\PWWLK^P[OHIHUKZLTPWHYHTL[YPJLX\HSPaLYVUL]LY`PUW\[HUKV\[W\[I\Z
/LYL»ZHIYPLML_WSHUH[PVUVMOV^HU,8M\UJ[PVUZHZ^LSSHZZVTLJOHY[Z[VOLSW`V\UH]PNH[L[OL
MYLX\LUJ`YHUNLZVM]HYPV\ZPUZ[Y\TLU[ZZV`V\JHUX\PJRS`JOVVZL[OLILZ[,8ZL[[PUNZMVY`V\Y
YLJVYKPUNZHUKSP]LTP_LZHUK[VOLSW`V\NL[[OLTVZ[V\[VM`V\Y:[\KPV3P]L
What is an EQ?
Overview
Equalizers
Controls & Connections
5.4
Recording
;\[VYPHSZ
;\[VYPHSZ
,X\HSPaLYZ
Multiple
Mixers
;\[VYPHSZ
,X\HSPaLYZ
;\[VYPHSZ
,X\HSPaLYZ
5.4.1
What is an EQ?
5.4.2
How to Find the Best and
Leave the Rest
‹ /PNO4PKZ R/a [V R/a! ;OL H[[HJR PU WLYJ\ZZP]L HUK YO`[OT PUZ[Y\TLU[Z VJJ\YZ PU [OPZ
YHUNL/PNOTPKZHYLHSZVYLZWVUZPISLMVY[OLWYVQLJ[PVUVMTPKYHUNLPUZ[Y\TLU[Z
‹ 7YLZLUJLR/a[VR/a!;OPZMYLX\LUJ`YHUNLPZYLZWVUZPISLMVY[OLJSHYP[`VM`V\YTP_HUK
WYV]PKLZHTLHZ\YLVMJVU[YVSV]LY[OLWLYJLW[PVUVMKPZ[HUJL0M`V\IVVZ[[OPZMYLX\LUJ`YHU
NL[OLTP_^PSSILWLYJLP]LKHZJSVZLY[V[OLSPZ[LULY([[LU\H[PUNHYV\UKR/a^PSSTHRL[OL
TP_ZV\UKM\Y[OLYH^H`I\[HSZVTVYL[YHUZWHYLU[
‹ )YPSSPHUJL R/a [V R/a! >OPSL [OPZ YHUNL JVU[YVSZ [OL IYPSSPHUJL HUK JSHYP[` VM `V\Y TP_
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;HRPUN`V\Y[PTL^P[OLX\HSPaH[PVUPZ^LSS^VY[O[OLLMMVY[@V\YTP_^PSSOH]LIL[[LYZLWHYH[PVUHUK
TVYLJSHYP[`^OLULHJOPUZ[Y\TLU[»Z,8PZZL[ZV[OH[P[ZOPULZ[OYV\NO[OLTP_:VTLÄUHSHK]PJL!
‹ @
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ZOHYWH[[HJR0ML]LY`PUZ[Y\TLU[PZ,8»K[VOH]L[OLZHTLLMMLJ[P[^PSSSVZLP[ZPKLU[P[`PU[OL
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‹ :
[LWH^H`MYVT[OLTP_@V\YLHYZNL[MH[PN\LKQ\Z[SPRL[OLYLZ[VM`V\0M`V\HYL^VYRPUN
WHY[PJ\SHYS`OHYKVUVULPUZ[Y\TLU[`V\YLHYZ^PSSILX\P[LSP[LYHSS`U\TILK[V[OH[MYLX\LUJ`
YHUNL
‹ @
V\Y TLTVY` PZ UV[ ^OH[ `V\ [OPUR P[ PZ *VTWHYPUN H ÅH[ ,8 HUK [OL J\Y]L [OH[ `V\»]L
JYLH[LKHSSV^Z`V\[VZLLL_HJ[S`^OH[`V\»]LKVUL:VILOVULZ[^P[O`V\YZLSM:VTL[PTLZ
[OH[,8ZL[[PUN`V\»]LILLU^VYRPUNVUMVYTPU\[LZPZUV[[OLYPNO[JOVPJLZVTV]LVU
‹ 5
L]LYILHMYHPKVM[HRPUNHYPZR;OLILZ[,8[YPJRZ^LYLMV\UKI`THKZJPLU[PZ[ZVMZV\UK
¸7SH`PUN¹HWWSPLZ[VLUNPULLYZHZ^LSSHZT\ZPJPHUZ
Recording
-PYZ[ZVSVQ\Z[[OLPUZ[Y\TLU[^P[O^OPJO`V\HYL^VYRPUN4VZ[LUNPULLYZZ[HY[I\PSKPUN[OLPYTP_
^P[O[OLKY\TZHUK^VYRMYVT[OLIV[[VT\WRPJRZUHYL[VTZOPOH[V]LYOLHKZ,HJOPUZ[Y\TLU[
YLZVUH[LZ[OLTVZ[PUHZWLJPÄJMYLX\LUJ`IHUKZVPM`V\HYL^VYRPUNVU`V\YRPJRKY\TTPJZ[HY[
^P[O[OLSV^LZ[IHUKVM[OL,8;\ULPU[OLILZ[ZV\UKPUNSV^LUKHUKTV]LVU[V[OLH[[HJR0[PZ
UV[\UJVTTVU[VOLHYHUHUUV`PUNYPUNPUNVYH¸[^HUN¹TP_LKPU^P[O`V\YHTHaPUNZV\UKPUNSV^
LUKHUKWLYMLJ[H[[HJRZV`V\YUL_[[HZR^PSSIL[VÄUK[OH[VMMLUKPUNMYLX\LUJ`HUKUV[JOP[V\[
6UJL`V\HYLZH[PZÄLK^P[O`V\YRPJRKY\TT\[LP[HUKTV]LVU[V[OLUL_[PUZ[Y\TLU[
Multiple
Mixers
‹ 3V^4PKZ /a [V R/a! 0U NLULYHS `V\ ^PSS ^HU[ [V LTWOHZPaL [OL SV^LY WVY[PVU VM [OPZ
YHUNLHUKKLLTWOHZPaL[OL\WWLYWVY[PVU)VVZ[PUN[OLYHUNLMYVT/a[V/a^PSSHJJLU[
HTIPLUJLPU[OLZ[\KPVHUK^PSSHKKJSHYP[`[VIHZZHUKSV^LYMYLX\LUJ`PUZ[Y\TLU[Z;OLYHUNL
IL[^LLU /a HUK R/a JHU THRL TPKYHUNL PUZ[Y\TLU[Z N\P[HY ZUHYL ZH_VWOVUL L[J
¸OVUR`¹HUK[VVT\JOIVVZ[IL[^LLUR/aHUKR/a^PSSTHRL`V\YTP_ZV\UK[OPUVY¸[PUU`¹
Tutorials
0UJS\KLKH[[OLLUKVM[OPZZLJ[PVUHYLZVTLNLULYHSMYLX\LUJ`WYPUJPWSLZ[VN\PKL`V\[OYV\NO[OL
^VUKLYM\S^VYSKVMLX\HSPaH[PVUI\[[OLZLHYLMHYMYVTZL[PUZ[VUL:VOV^KV`V\ÄUK[OLILZ[HUK
^VYZ[LHJOPUZ[Y\TLU[OHZ[VVMMLYHUKHKQ\Z[[OLTHJJVYKPUNS`&/LYL»ZHX\PJRN\PKL!
Technical Information
‹ )HZZ /a [V /a! )LJH\ZL [OPZ YHUNL JVU[HPUZ [OL M\UKHTLU[HS UV[LZ VM [OL YO`[OT
ZLJ[PVU HU` ,8 JOHUNLZ ^PSS HMMLJ[ [OL IHSHUJL VM `V\Y TP_ THRPUN P[ MH[ VY [OPU ;VV T\JO
LTWOHZPZ^PSSTHRLMVYHIVVT`TP_
Controls & Connections
Overview
;\[VYPHSZ
,X\HSPaLYZ
;\[VYPHSZ
,X\HSPaLYZ
5.4.3
To Boost or Not To Boost
5.4.4
To Boost or Not To Boost
Controls & Connections
Table 2
Recording
>P[O L]LY` PUZ[Y\TLU[ [OLYL HYL MYLX\LUJPLZ [OH[ JHU IL H[[LU\H[LK VY IVVZ[LK [V HKK JSHYP[`
VY M\SSULZZ [V P[ PU [OL TP_ (UK VM JV\YZL [OL ^YVUN MYLX\LUJPLZ JHU THRL HU PUZ[Y\TLU[ ZOYPSS
T\KK`VYQ\Z[KV^UYPNO[HUUV`PUN;OLMVSSV^PUN[^VJOHY[ZZ\NNLZ[MYLX\LUJ`YHUNLZ[OH[ZOV\SK
IL HJJLU[\H[LK VY KV^UWSH`LK MVY [OL TVZ[ JVTTVU PUZ[Y\TLU[Z 9LTLTILY [OLZL HYL Q\Z[
Z\NNLZ[PVUZ"[OLZLMYLX\LUJPLZTH`ULLK[VILHKQ\Z[LK\WVYKV^UKLWLUKPUNVU[OLPUZ[Y\TLU[
YVVTHUKTPJYVWOVUL
Overview
7PHUV
,SLJ[YPJ.\P[HY
(JV\Z[PJ.\P[HY
,SLJ[YPJ)HZZ
:[YPUN)HZZ
:UHYL+Y\T
2PJR+Y\T
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Tutorials
/\THU=VPJL
>OH[[V*\[
Technical Information
0UZ[Y\TLU[
Multiple
Mixers
Table 1
;\[VYPHSZ
,X\HSPaLYZ
;\[VYPHSZ
,X\HSPaLYZ
5.4.4
General EQ Setting Suggestions
5.4.4
General EQ Setting Suggestions
Vocals
Controls & Connections
36>
656--
36>
7,(2:/,3-
36>
-9,8/a
36>
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36>40+
656--
36>40+
/036>8
36>40+
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36>40+
.(05
65
7,(2
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656--
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36/0
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.(05
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7,(2:/,3-
/0
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65
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65
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36>
656--
36>
7,(2:/,3-
36>
-9,8/a
36>
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36>40+
656--
36>40+
/036>8
36>40+
-9,8/a
36>40+
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65
7,(2
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36>
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656--
/040+
36/0
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/040+
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/0
7,(2:/,3-
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65
36
65
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Pop Female Vocals
Recording
Rock Male Vocals
Multiple
Mixers
0UJS\KLK^P[O`V\Y:[\KPV3P]LPZHSPIYHY`VM*OHUULS:[YPWWYLZL[Z:LJ[PVUKPZJ\ZZLZOV^[V
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Overview
36>
7,(2:/,3-
36>
-9,8/a
36>
.(05
36>40+
656--
36>40+
/036>8
36>40+
-9,8/a
36>40+
.(05
65
7,(2
65
36>
/040+
656--
/040+
36/0
/040+
-9,8R/a
/040+
.(05
/0
656--
/0
7,(2:/,3-
/0
-9,8R/a
/0
.(05
65
36
65
7,(2
Rock Female Vocals
36>
656--
36>
7,(2:/,3-
36>
-9,8/a
36>
.(05
36>40+
656--
36>40+
/036>8
36>40+
-9,8/a
36>40+
.(05
65
:/,3-
65
36>
/040+
656--
/040+
36/0
/040+
-9,8R/a
/040+
.(05
/0
656--
/0
7,(2:/,3-
/0
-9,8R/a
/0
.(05
65
36
65
7,(2
Pop Male Vocals
36>
656--
36>
7,(2:/,3-
36>
-9,8/a
36>
.(05
36>40+
656--
36>40+
/036>8
36>40+
-9,8/a
36>40+
.(05
65
7,(2
65
/0
/040+
656--
/040+
36/0
/040+
-9,8R/a
/040+
.(05
/0
656--
/0
7,(2:/,3-
/0
-9,8R/a
/0
.(05
65
36
65
7,(2
Snare
Left/Right (Stereo) Overheads
36>
656--
36>
7,(2:/,3-
36>
-9,8/a
36>
.(05
36>40+
656--
36>40+
/036>8
36>40+
-9,8/a
36>40+
.(05
65
:/,3-
65
36>
/040+
656--
/040+
36/0
/040+
-9,8R/a
/040+
.(05
/0
656--
/0
7,(2:/,3-
/0
-9,8R/a
/0
.(05
65
36
65
:/,3-
36>
656--
36>
7,(2:/,3-
36>
-9,8/a
36>
.(05
36>40+
656--
36>40+
/036>8
36>40+
-9,8/a
36>40+
.(05
65
7,(2
65
/0
/040+
656--
/040+
36/0
/040+
-9,8R/a
/040+
.(05
/0
656--
/0
7,(2:/,3-
/0
-9,8R/a
/0
.(05
65
36
65
:/,3-
Kick Drum
Technical Information
36>
656--
Tutorials
Percussion
;\[VYPHSZ
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;\[VYPHSZ
5.4.4
General EQ Setting Suggestions
5.5
Subgroup Mixing
36>
-9,8/a
36>
.(05
36>40+
656--
36>40+
/036>8
36>40+
-9,8/a
36>40+
.(05
65
:/,3-
65
/0
/040+
656--
/040+
36/0
/040+
-9,8R/a
/040+
.(05
/0
656--
/0
7,(2:/,3-
/0
-9,8R/a
/0
.(05
65
36
65
:/,3-
Acoustic Guitar
36>
656--
36>
7,(2:/,3-
36>
-9,8/a
36>
.(05
36>40+
656--
36>40+
/036>8
36>40+
-9,8/a
36>40+
.(05
65
7,(2
65
36>
/040+
656--
/040+
36/0
/040+
-9,8R/a
/040+
.(05
/0
656--
/0
7,(2:/,3-
/0
-9,8R/a
/0
.(05
65
36
65
:/,3-
Distorted Electric Guitar
36>
656--
36>
7,(2:/,3-
36>
-9,8/a
36>
.(05
36>40+
656--
36>40+
/036>8
36>40+
-9,8/a
36>40+
.(05
65
7,(2
65
36>
/040+
656--
/040+
36/0
/040+
-9,8R/a
/040+
.(05
/0
656--
/0
7,(2:/,3-
/0
-9,8R/a
/0
.(05
65
/0
65
:/,3-
@V\^PSSÄUKTHU`\ZLZMVYZ\INYV\WZULHYS`HSSVM[OLTTHRLTP_PUNTVYLJVU]LUPLU[HUKWYV]PKL
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Multiple
Mixers
36>
7,(2:/,3-
5.5.1
Instrument groups
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Keyboards
Piano
36>
656--
36>
7,(2:/,3-
36>
-9,8/a
36>
.(05
36>40+
656--
36>40+
/036>8
36>40+
-9,8/a
36>40+
.(05
65
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65
36
/040+
656--
/040+
36/0
/040+
-9,8R/a
/040+
.(05
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656--
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7,(2:/,3-
/0
-9,8R/a
/0
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65
36
65
7,(2
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Tutorials
36>
656--
Technical Information
Electric Bass
Recording
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Fretted Instruments
Controls & Connections
Overview
5.5.2
Effects Group
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Overview
Instrument Groups
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Controls & Connections
5.5.1
Recording
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Multiple
Mixers
Tutorials
;\[VYPHSZ
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Technical Information
;\[VYPHSZ
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5.6
Aux Bus Mixing
5.6.2
Effects Processing
5.6.1
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Controls & Connections
Technical Information
Tutorials
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Recording
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MYVTLHJOJOHUULS[V[OLWYVJLZZVYHSSV^PUN`V\[VJYLH[LHULMMLJ[ZTP_
Multiple
Mixers
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Overview
;\[VYPHSZ
(\_)\ZTP_PUN
;\[VYPHSZ
5.6.2
Effects Processing
5.7
Digital Effects
Reverb
9L]LYILYH[PVUVY YL]LYIHZP[PZTVYLJVTTVUS`RUV^UPZWLYOHWZ[OLTVZ[^PKLS`\ZLKLMMLJ[
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LMMLJ[ZWYVJLZZVY»ZV\[W\[PZWH[JOLK[V(\_0UW\[(ZV`V\JHU\ZL[OL:LSLJ[I\[[VUMVY(\_0UW\[
([VHKK-H[*OHUULSK`UHTPJZWYVJLZZPUNHUK,8[V[OLYL]LYILUOHUJLKZPNUHS;OLRUVIMVY(\_
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Decay+LJH`PZ[OL[PTLYLX\PYLKMVY[OLYLÅLJ[PVUZYL]LYILYH[PVU[VKPLH^H`0UTVZ[TVKLYU
T\ZPJWYVK\J[PVUYL]LYIKLJH`[PTLZIL[^LLUVULHUK[OYLLZLJVUKZHYLWYL]HSLU[(YL]LYI
ZL[[PUN^P[OZ[YVUNLHYS`YLÅLJ[PVUZHUKHX\PJRKLJH`HYLHNYLH[^H`[VJYLH[LHZ[LYLVLMMLJ[
MYVTHTVUVZV\YJL
Pre-delay.7YLKLSH`PZ[OL[PTLIL[^LLU[OLLUKVM[OLPUP[PHSZV\UKHUK[OLILNPUUPUNVM[OL
ÄYZ[YLÅLJ[PVUZILPUNH\KPISL0THNPUL`V\»YLIHJRVU[OH[Z[HNLPUHSHYNLT\ZPJOHSS;OPZ[PTL
`V\Z[HUKVU[OL]LY`LKNLVM[OLZ[HNLHUKZOV\[¸/LSSV^VYSK¹[V^HYK[OLJLU[LYVM[OLOHSS
;OLYL^PSSILHIYPLMWH\ZLILMVYL`V\OLHY[OLÄYZ[UV[PJLHISLYLÅLJ[PVUZVM`V\Y]VPJLILJH\ZL
[OL ZV\UK ^H]LZ JHU [YH]LS T\JO M\Y[OLY ILMVYL LUJV\U[LYPUN H Z\YMHJL HUK IV\UJPUN IHJR
;OLYLHYLJSVZLYZ\YMHJLZVMJV\YZL·UV[HIS`[OLÅVVYHUK[OLJLPSPUNQ\Z[PUMYVU[VM[OLZ[H
NL·I\[VUS`HZTHSSWHY[VM[OLKPYLJ[ZV\UK^PSSNV[OLYLZV[OVZLYLÅLJ[PVUZ^PSSILT\JOSLZZ
UV[PJLHISL(KQ\Z[PUN[OLWYLKLSH`WHYHTL[LYVUHYL]LYIHSSV^Z`V\[VJOHUNL[OLHWWHYLU[
ZPaLVM[OLYVVT^P[OV\[OH]PUN[VJOHUNL[OLV]LYHSSKLJH`[PTL;OPZ^PSSNP]L`V\YTP_HSP[[SL
TVYL[YHUZWHYLUJ`I`SLH]PUNZVTLZWHJLIL[^LLU[OLVYPNPUHSZV\UKHUKP[ZYL]LYI
HF and LF decay. ;OL [`WLZ VM Z\YMHJLZ PU H ZWHJL HSZV HMMLJ[ [OL ZV\UK *HYWL[ HUK ZVM[
M\YUPZOPUNZ^PSSHIZVYITVYLOPNOMYLX\LUJ`^H]LZ[OLYLI`YLK\JPUN[OLOPNOMYLX\LUJ`KLJH`
[PTL ^OPSL OHYK Z\YMHJLZ Z\JO HZ [PSL VY Z[VUL YLÅLJ[ ZV\UK L_[YLTLS` ^LSS YLZ\S[PUN PU H
¸IYPNO[LY¹HTIPLUJL:PTPSHYS`[OLOPNOMYLX\LUJ`/-HUKSV^MYLX\LUJ`3-KLJH`[PTLHSSV^
`V\[VHKQ\Z[[OL¸IYPNO[ULZZ¹VY¸KHYRULZZ¹VM[OLYL]LYILUHISPUN`V\[VIL[[LYLT\SH[L[OLZL
LU]PYVUTLU[HSMHJ[VYZ
Controls & Connections
Multiple
Mixers
5.7.1
Tutorials
7YLZZ [OL 4P_ I\[[VU MVY (\_ ;OL TL[LY
ZLJ[PVU VM [OL :[\KPV3P]L ^PSS UV^ ZOV^ [OL
V\[W\[ SL]LSZ VM LHJO VM [OL JOHUULSZ
;OL LUJVKLYZ ILSV^ LHJO TL[LY JVU[YVS [OL
V\[W\[SL]LSVMLHJOJOHUULSPU[V(\_@V\
^PSS\ZL[OLZLLUJVKLYZ[VZL[[OLZLUKSL]LSZ
MYVT[OLH\_I\Z[V[OLLMMLJ[ZWYVJLZZVY[OL
ZHTL^H``V\\ZLK[OLT[VJYLH[LHTVUP[VY
TP_ VUS` PU [OPZ JHZL `V\ ^PSS KLJPKL ^OPJO JOHUULSZ ^PSS IL ZLU[ [V [OL L_[LYUHS T\S[PLMMLJ[Z
WYVJLZZVYHUKOV^T\JO^PSSILZLU[
Recording
;OL :[\KPV3P]L PUJS\KLZ H Z[LYLV LMMLJ[Z WYVJLZZVY [OH[ MLH[\YLZ [OL [^V TVZ[ JVTTVU [`WL VM
LMMLJ[ZPZ\ZL[VKH`MVYSP]LZV\UK!YL]LYIHUKKLSH`
Technical Information
;\YU[OL6\[W\[RUVIPU[OL(\_ZLJ[PVU[V
V»JSVJR HUK WYLZZ [OL :LSLJ[ I\[[VU 0U
[OL -H[ *OHUULS HZZPNU (\_ [V [OL 4HPU
V\[W\[Z
Overview
Delay time.+LSH`[PTLPZ[OL[PTLIL[^LLU[OLZV\YJLZPNUHSHUKP[ZLJOV;OLZPTWSLZ[KLSH`
LMMLJ[PZHZPUNSLYLWLH[(ZOVY[KLSH`IL[^LLUHUKTZJHUIL\ZLK[VJYLH[LZSHWIHJR
LJOV^OPSLSVUNLYKLSH`[PTLZWYVK\JLHTVYLKPZ[HU[LJOV+LSH`[PTLZ[OH[HYL[VVZOVY[[V
OLHYKPZ[PUJ[LJOVLZJHUIL\ZLK[VJYLH[L[OPJRLUPUNLMMLJ[Z>OL[OLY[OLZLLJOVLZHYL[PTLK
^P[O[OL[LTWVPZHTH[[LYVMZ[`SPZ[PJJOVPJL
Variable feedback. ;OL ]HYPHISL MLLKIHJR VY YLNLULYH[PVU WYVK\JLZ T\S[PWSL KLJH`PUN YL
WLH[Z0UJYLHZPUN[OLMLLKIHJR]HS\LPUJYLHZLZ[OLU\TILYVMLJOVLZHZ^LSSHZ[OLYLZVUHUJL
[OH[PZJYLH[LKHZVULLJOVKPZHWWLHYZPU[VHUV[OLY
Overview
Level Setting Procedure
:L[[PUN [OL WYVWLY SL]LSZ PZ HU PTWVY[HU[ WHY[ VM NL[[PUN [OL YPNO[ ZV\UK ;OL MVSSV^PUN Z[LWZ ^PSS
HZZPZ[`V\PUX\PJRS`ZL[[PUN`V\YSL]LSZ
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7YLZZ[OL0UW\[I\[[VUPU[OL4L[LY:LJ[PVU
0U[OL:VSVI\ZZLJ[PVUZLSLJ[7-3HUK[\YU
[OL*\LSL]LS[V!
5V[L!<ZPUN[OL;HWI\[[VUVU[OL:[\KPV3P]L`V\JHUZWLLK\WVYZSV^KV^U[OLZLYLWLH[ZVY
TVYLJVTTVUS`[PTL[OLYLWLH[Z[VVJJ\Y^P[O[OL[LTWVVM[OLT\ZPJ
:
LSLJ[[OL:VSVI\[[VUPU[OL4VUP[VYZLJ[PVU
HUK HKQ\Z[ [OL ]VS\TL MVY `V\Y OLHKWOVULZ
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:
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[OLZPNUHSHIV]LK)-:@V\KVUV[^HU[[V
JSPW[OL(+*JVU]LY[LYZ
>OLUHSSLSZLMHPSZQ\Z[YLTLTILY!I\[[VUI\[[VURUVII\[[VURUVII\[[VURUVI
Controls & Connections
(KPNP[HSKLSH`LT\SH[LZHUHUHSVN[HWLLJOV\UP[([HWLLJOVPZHZWLJPHS[`WLVM[HWLYLJVYKPUN
0[\ZLZVULOLHK[VYLJVYKHZPNUHSHUK\W[VMV\YOLHKZ[VYLWSH`P[;OLKLSH`[PTLPZZL[I`[OL
[HWL ZWLLK HUK [OL ZWHJL IL[^LLU [OL OLHKZ ( KPNP[HS KLSH` LZZLU[PHSS` WLYMVYTZ L_HJ[S` [OL
ZHTLM\UJ[PVUHZH[HWLLJOVI\[VMMLYZTVYLYLÄULTLU[ZHUKHKQ\Z[TLU[Z[OHUP[ZTLJOHUPJHS
JV\U[LYWHY[(KLSH`LZZLU[PHSS`JYLH[LZHULJOVHS[OV\NO`V\JHUVM[LU\ZLKLSH`Z[VJYLH[LTVYL
JVTWSL_[PTLIHZLKLMMLJ[Z;OLZV\YJLZPNUHSPZKLSH`LKZV[OH[P[PZOLHYKSH[LY[OHUP[HJ[\HSS`
VJJ\YYLK
5.8
Recording
Digital Delay
;\[VYPHSZ
Multiple
Mixers
5.7.2
Tutorials
;\[VYPHSZ
+PNP[HS,MMLJ[Z
Technical Information
;\[VYPHSZ
;\[VYPHSZ
;OL:VSV)\Z
5.9
The Solo Bus
5.9.1
Using the Solo Bus for Monitoring
‹ 7
-37YL-HKL3PZ[LU7-3ZLUKZ[OL
JOHUULSVYZ\INYV\WZPNUHS[V[OL:VSV
I\ZILMVYLP[YLHJOLZ[OLMHKLYZV[OL
MHKLYKVLZUV[HMMLJ[[OLZVSVLKZPNUHS
‹ :
07:VSV0U7SHJL;OPZPZHSZVRUV^U
HZ KLZ[Y\J[P]L ZVSV >OLU JOHUULSZ
HYLZVSVLKPU[OPZTVKLL]LY`JOHUULS
[OH[ PZU»[ ZVSVLK ^PSS IL T\[LK HUK
VUS`[OLZVSVLKJOHUULSZ^PSSILZLU[[V[OLPYHZZPNULKV\[W\[Z>OPSL]LY`\ZLM\SPUKPHSPUN
PUK`UHTPJZK\YPUNZV\UKJOLJR[OPZTVKLPZ]LY`KHUNLYV\ZK\YPUNHSP]LZOV^ZP[\H[PVU0[
PZOPNOS`YLJVTTLUKLK[OH[[OPZTVKLIL[\YULKVMM^OLUTP_PUNPUZ[YPJ[S`SP]LHWWSPJH[PVUZ
-PYZ[KLJPKL^OL[OLY`V\^HU[[VSPZ[LU[V`V\YZVSVLKJOHUULSZILMVYLVYHM[LY[OLMHKLYZL[[PUN0M
`V\»KSPRL[VTVUP[VYILMVYL[OLMHKLYSL]LSWYLZZ[OL7-3I\[[VUPU`V\Y:VSVI\ZZLJ[PVU5L_[
WYLZZ[OL:VSVI\[[VUZVU[OLJOHUULSZHUKZ\INYV\WZ`V\^HU[[VTVUP[VY;\YU[OL*\LRUVIPU
[OL:VSVZLJ[PVU[VHIV\[V»JSVJR-PUHSS`ZLSLJ[[OL:VSVI\[[VUPU`V\YTVUP[VYI\ZHUKKPHSPUH
JVTMVY[HISLSPZ[LUPUN]VS\TLMVY`V\OLHKWOVULZVYTVUP[VYZ@V\JHUPUJYLHZL[OLV]LYHSS]VS\TL
VM[OL:VSVI\Z\ZPUN[OL*\LRUVIPU[OL:VSVZLJ[PVU
;OPZMLH[\YLJHUHSZVIL\ZLK[VSPZ[LUPUVUHTVUP[VYTP_[OH[PZILPUNYV\[LK[VHUH\_ZLUK3L[»Z
ZH``V\Y]VJHSPZ[VUZ[HNLPZJVTWSHPUPUN[OH[[OLYLPZ[VVT\JOIHZZPUOPZTVUP[VYI\[`V\HYL
JVUÄKLU[[OH[UVIHZZPZILPUNZLU[[V[OH[WHY[PJ\SHYH\_ZLUK@V\JV\SKILTPZ[HRLUI\[TVZ[
SPRLS`HUVWLUTPJYVWOVULVUZ[HNLPZWPJRPUN\W[OLIHZZZPNUHS;VKL[LYTPUL[OLJH\ZLZVSVVUS`
[OLH\_ZLUKPUX\LZ[PVUHUKHNHPUZLSLJ[[OL:VSVI\[[VUMVY[OLTVUP[VYZOLHKWOVULZ@V\JHU
UV^SPZ[LU[VL_HJ[S`[OLZHTLTP_HZ`V\Y[YV\ISLK]VJHSPZ[HUKÄ_OPZTVUP[VYTP_X\PJRS`;OPZ
HWWSPJH[PVUPZHSZV\ZLM\SPUOLHKPUNVMMHMLLKIHJRWYVISLT
Controls & Connections
Recording
Multiple
Mixers
‹ (
-3(M[LY-HKL3PZ[LU(-3ZLUKZ[OLJOHUULSVYZ\INYV\WZPNUHS[V[OL:VSVI\ZWVZ[MHKLY
ZV`V\JHUJVU[YVS[OLSL]LSVM[OLZVSVLKZPNUHS^P[O[OLMHKLY;OPZPZ[OL:[\KPV3P]L»ZKLMH\S[
ZL[[PUN
Tutorials
;OL:VSVI\ZOHZ[OYLLKPMMLYLU[TVKLZ!(-3KLMH\S[7-3HUK:07!
>OLU TP_PUN SP]L VY ^OLU YLJVYKPUN T\S[PWSL T\ZPJPHUZ H[ VUJL P[ PZ VM[LU ULJLZZHY` [V X\PJRS`
SPZ[LUPUVUQ\Z[VULPUZ[Y\TLU[VYNYV\W;OL:VSVHUK4VUP[VYI\ZLZJHUIL\ZLK[VNL[OLYMVY[OPZ
W\YWVZL0[PZPTWVY[HU[[VUV[L[OH[PM`V\^PZO[VTVUP[VY^P[OZWLHRLYZYH[OLY[OHUOLHKWOVULZ
P[ PZ ULJLZZHY` [V JVUULJ[ [OL ZWLHRLYZ [V [OL ;9: *VU[YVS 9VVT V\[W\[Z VU [OL IHJR VM `V\Y
:[\KPV3P]LYH[OLY[OHU[VVULVM[OLTHPUV\[W\[WHPYZ
Technical Information
;OL:[\KPV3P]LMLH[\YLZHUPUKLWLUKLU[:VSVI\Z;OPZMLH[\YLPZL_[YLTLS`\ZLM\SPUZL[[PUNSL]LSZ
MVYTVUP[VYTP_LZKPHSPUNPUK`UHTPJZVULHJOJOHUULSHUKÄ_PUNPZZ\LZK\YPUNHSP]LZOV^^P[OV\[
PU[LYY\W[PUN[OLTHPUTP_
Overview
6.1
Troubleshooting
Overview
;LJOUPJHS0UMVYTH[PVU
0U:LJ[PVU^LKPZJ\ZZLKHX\PJRHUKLHZ`^H`[VZL[\W[OLPUW\[SL]LSZMVY`V\Y:[\KPV3P]L
LUZ\YPUN [OH[ `V\ OH]L [OL OPNOLZ[ WVZZPISL PUW\[ SL]LS ^P[OV\[ JSPWWPUN `V\Y HUHSVN[VKPNP[HS
JVU]LY[LYZ;OLUL_[Z[LWPZ[VZL[\W`V\YTP_I`KPHSPUNPU[OLK`UHTPJZ,8HUKMHKLYZL[[PUNZ
MVYLHJOJOHUULS,U[LY:VSV0U7SHJL:07
(Z KPZJ\ZZLK LHYSPLY PU :LJ[PVU TVZ[ LUNPULLYZ Z[HY[ ^P[O [OL KY\TZ HUK ^VYR MYVT [OL
IV[[VT\W;VILNPUIYPUNHSS`V\YMHKLYZKV^UHUKYHPZL`V\YTHPUMHKLY[V\UP[`NHPU7YLZZHUK
OVSK[OL:07I\[[VUPU[OL*\LZLJ[PVU\U[PSP[PSS\TPUH[LZHUKWYLZZ[OL:VSVI\[[VUVU`V\YRPJR
KY\TTPJJOHUULS5V[PJL[OH[HSS[OLV[OLYJOHUULSZVU`V\Y:[\KPV3P]LOH]LILLUT\[LK)YPUN
\W[OLMHKLYVU[OLRPJRKY\TJOHUULSHUKWYLZZ[OLJOHUULS»Z:LSLJ[I\[[VU;OL-H[*OHUULS^PSS
UV^KPZWSH`[OLK`UHTPJZWYVJLZZPUN,8V\[W\[YV\[PUNHUKWHUZL[[PUNZMVY[OLRPJRKY\T<ZPUN
[OLLUJVKLYZHUKTL[LYZPU[OL-H[*OHUULSZL[\W[OLJVTWYLZZVYHUK,8MVY[OPZJOHUULS6UJL
`V\HYLZH[PZÄLKIYPUN[OLMHKLYIHJRKV^UHUKWYLZZ[OL:VSVI\[[VUHNHPU5L_[WYLZZ[OL:VSV
I\[[VUVU[OLZUHYLTPJJOHUULSHUKYLWLH[[OPZWYVJLK\YL0U[OPZ^H`JVU[PU\L^P[OLHJOKY\T
TPJHUK[OLUTV]LVU[V[OLV[OLYPUZ[Y\TLU[Z[OH[HYLJVUULJ[LK[V`V\Y:[\KPV3P]L>OLU`V\
OH]LÄUPZOLK^P[OHSS[OLPUZ[Y\TLU[ZWYLZZ[OL:07I\[[VUHNHPUHUKZSV^S`IYPUN\W`V\YMHKLYZ
[VZL[\W`V\YTP_
Recording
Pops and Clicks
7VWZHUKJSPJRZPU`V\YH\KPVJV\SKILJH\ZLKI`TVTLU[HY`SVZZLZVMZ`UJOYVUPaH[PVUIL[^LLU
[OL:[\KPV3P]LHUKP[ZJSVJRZV\YJL;OPZJHUILK\L[VH-PYL>PYLJHYK[OH[PZUV[Z\P[LKMVY-PYL>PYL
H\KPV KL]PJLZ VY [V H SHJR VM *7< YLZV\YJLZ VY H]HPSHISL TLTVY` ;Y` JSVZPUN HSS \UULJLZZHY`
WYVNYHTZ PUJYLHZPUN [OL I\MMLY ZPaL PU [OL -PYL:[\KPV *VU[YVS *VUZVSL HUK VW[PTPaPUN `V\Y
VWLYH[PUNZ`Z[LTMVYH\KPV
6[OLYRUV^UJH\ZLZVM[OPZPZZ\LHYL^PYLSLZZUL[^VYRZHUKY\UUPUNV[OLY-PYL>PYLKL]PJLZ->
VY->PUWHYHSSLS[V`V\Y:[\KPV3P]L)LJH\ZLVM[OPZP[PZYLJVTTLUKLK[OH[7*\ZLYZKPZHISL
[OLPY ^PYLSLZZ UL[^VYR MYVT [OLPY :`Z[LT *VU[YVS 7HULS HUK 4HJ \ZLYZ [\YU (PY7VY[ VMM ^OPSL [OL
:[\KPV3P]LPZJVUULJ[LK[V[OLPYJVTW\[LY0MV[OLY-PYL>PYLKL]PJLZSPRLL_[LYUHSOHYKKYP]LZULLK
[VILJVUULJ[LK[V`V\YJVTW\[LYH[[OLZHTL[PTLJVUULJ[[OLT[V[OLH\_PSPHY`-PYL>PYLWVY[
VU[OLIHJRVM`V\Y:[\KPV3P]LVYPUZ[HSSHKLKPJH[L-PYL>PYLI\ZVU`V\YJVTW\[LYMVYLP[OLY[OL
:[\KPV3P]LVY`V\Y-PYL>PYLWLYPWOLYHSZ
Recommended FireWire Chipsets
;OL:[\KPV3P]L^PSS^VYR^P[OH^PKLYHUNLVM-PYL>PYLJHYKZHUKJVUÄN\YH[PVUZ/V^L]LYK\L[V
[OLWSL[OVYHVM-PYL>PYLJOPWZL[ZJ\YYLU[S`VU[OLTHYRL[P[PZUV[WVZZPISL[V[OVYV\NOS`[LZ[LHJO
VULMVYJVTWH[PIPSP[`4VZ[\ZLYZ^PSSUV[ULLK[VHS[LY[OLPYJ\YYLU[7*JVUÄN\YH[PVU[V\ZL[OLPY
:[\KPV3P]L;OLMVSSV^PUN-PYL>PYLJOPWZL[ZOV^L]LYOH]LILLU[LZ[LKHUKHWWYV]LKMVY\ZL^P[O
[OL:[\KPV3P]L!
‹ (NLYL3:0->
‹ ;0;:)()
‹ =0(=;
‹ =0(=;VUZVTLVSKLYTV[OLYIVHYKZ[OPZJOPWZL[^PSSVUS`Z\WWVY[HSPTP[LKU\TILYVM
WSH`IHJRJOHUULSZ!JOHUULSZH[VYR/a"JOHUULSZH[VY R/a
Multiple
Mixers
Using Solo in Place (SIP)
to Set Up a Mix
7SLHZL UV[L [OH[ THU` [LJOUPJHS PZZ\LZ JHU HYPZL ^OLU \ZPUN H Z[HUKHYK JVTW\[LY HZ H KPNP[HS
H\KPV^VYRZ[H[PVU+(>7YL:VU\ZJHUVUS`WYV]PKLZ\WWVY[MVYPZZ\LZ[OH[KPYLJ[S`YLSH[L[V[OL
:[\KPV3P]LPU[LYMHJLHUK*HW[\YLH\KPVYLJVYKPUNZVM[^HYL7YL:VU\ZKVLZUV[WYV]PKLZ\WWVY[MVY
JVTW\[LYOHYK^HYLVWLYH[PUNZ`Z[LTZHUKUVU7YL:VU\ZOHYK^HYLHUKZVM[^HYLHUKP[TH`IL
ULJLZZHY`[VJVU[HJ[[OLTHU\MHJ[\YLYVM[OLZLWYVK\J[ZMVY[LJOUPJHSZ\WWVY[7SLHZLJOLJRV\Y
>LI ZP[L ^^^WYLZVU\ZJVT YLN\SHYS` MVY ZVM[^HYL PUMVYTH[PVU HUK \WKH[LZ ÄYT^HYL \WKH[LZ
HUKZ\WWVY[KVJ\TLU[H[PVUMVY-YLX\LU[S`(ZRLK8\LZ[PVUZ0UKP]PK\HS[LJOUPJHSHZZPZ[HUJLTH`
IL YLJLP]LK I` JHSSPUN 7YL:VU\Z H[ 4VUKH` [OYV\NO -YPKH` IL[^LLU [OL OV\YZ VM
HTHUKWT*:;7YL:VU\Z;LJOUPJHS:\WWVY[PZH]HPSHISL]PHLTHPSK\YPUN[OLZHTLOV\YZH[
[LJOZ\WWVY['WYLZVU\ZJVT
Controls & Connections
Destructive Soloing
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5.9.3
Tutorials
5.9.2
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Technical
Information
;LJOUPJHS0UMVYTH[PVU
6.1
Troubleshooting
6.1
Troubleshooting
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Overview
Controls & Connections
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Fader Movements have no effect on audio
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Multiple
Mixers
No Internal Effects in the Main Bus
Known Incompatible Hardware
6.2
Specifications
6.2
Specifications
Overview
;LJOUPJHS0UMVYTH[PVU
Controls & Connections
Microphone Preamp
Subgroup Outputs
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Tutorials
Control Room Outputs
Technical
Information
Line Inputs
Tape Outputs
Recording
;LJOUPJHS0UMVYTH[PVU
Multiple
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;LJOUPJHS0UMVYTH[PVU
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6.2
Specifications
6.3
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Technical
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Digital Audio
Overview
;LJOUPJHS0UMVYTH[PVU
;LJOUPJHS0UMVYTH[PVU
6.4
Effects Library
6.5
Rack Ear Installation Instructions
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Overview
;LJOUPJHS0UMVYTH[PVU
6.6
Session Data Recall Sheet
Recording
Multiple
Mixers
Tutorials
Technical Information
This page left intentionally
blank. Not because we
could but for a higher,
greater reason having to do
with printing stuff in groups
of four pages, not that you
were really interested.
Controls & Connections
Overview
Owner’s Manual
Added bonus: PreSonus’ previously Top Secret recipe for…
Declaration of
Conformity
Responsible Party: PreSonus Audio Electronics
Address:
7257 Florida Blvd, Baton Rouge,
LA 70806 USA
Phone:
225.216.7887
declares that
StudioLive™ 16.4.2 complies with
Part 15 of the FCC rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and;
(2) This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation
Note: No product support is available when you call the number above. Refer
to your Certificate of Warranty in your Owner’s Manual for PreSonus’ Product
Support telephone number.
Jambalaya
Ingredients:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
5 lbs link andouille sausage
3 lbs boneless chicken
2 lbs ground beef
3 lbs onions (yellow or purple)
2 stalks of celery
1 lb bell peppers (green or red)
1 batch green onions
3 lbs rice
Tony Chachere’s Cajun Seasoning
1 bottle chicken stock concentrate (or 3 cubes chicken bullion)
1 can Rotel tomotoes with chilies, diced (regular hot)
Tabasco sauce
Cooking Instructions:
1. In a 16 qt. pot or larger, slice link sausage and pan-fry until brown.
2. Add ground beef and brown.
3. Do not remove from pot. Add diced onions, celery, and bell peppers,
1 can Rotel Original diced tomatoes w/chilies, 3 oz concentrate chicken stock,
½ teaspoon of Cajun seasoning, 1 teaspoon of Tabasco hot sauce
(or more…maybe lots more).
4. Cook until onions are translucent.
5. Add chicken and cook until it turns white.
6. Add diced green onions, 1 tsp. salt, ½ gallon water and bring to a boil.
7. Add rice and bring to a boil. Cook on high for 8 minutes, covered, stirring every 2 minutes
8. Cook covered on low for 10 minutes, stirring only once.
9. Turn off and let sit for 30 minutes.
10. Serve and enjoy!
Serves 20
Baton Rouge • USA • www.presonus.com
P/N FCD-SL00003
© 2010 PreSonus Audio Electronics, Inc. All Rights Reserved, PreSonus, StudioLive, Capture, Virtual StudioLive and FireStudio are trademarks of PreSonus Audio Electronics, Inc. Studio One is a
trademark of PreSonus, Ltd. Macintosh is a trademark of Apple, Inc. in the U.S. and other countries. Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft, Inc. in the U.S. and other countries. Other
product names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies. All specifications subject to change without notice…except the jambalaya recipe, which is a classic.
P/N 820-PG10001-C
StudioLive 16.4.2
™
EMC Statement:
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits
for a Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These
limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses,
and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will
not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful
interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by
turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct
the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
CAUTION: Changes or modifications to this device not expressly
approved by PreSonus Audio Electronics could void the user’s authority
to operate the equipment under FCC rules.
This apparatus does not exceed the Class A/Class B (whichever is applicable)
limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus as set out in the radio
interference regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
ATTENTION — Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits
radioélectriques dépassant las limites applicables aux appareils numériques
de class A/de class B (selon le cas) prescrites dans le réglement sur le
brouillage radioélectrique édicté par les ministere des communications du
Canada.
7257 Florida Boulevard
Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70806
USA • 1+ 225.216.7887
www.presonus.com