914 Detector Users Manual PTI - Photon Technology International

914 Photomultiplier
Detection System
OPERATION MANUAL
914 Photomultiplier
Detection System
OPERATION MANUAL
Copyright © 2010 PTI. All Rights Reserved.
PTI is a registered trademark of Photon Technology International, Inc., 300 Birmingham Road,
P.O. Box 272, Birmingham, NJ 08011 Phone: (609) 894-4420 Fax: (609) 894-1579.
Website: www.pti-nj.com Specifications and contents are subject to change without notice.
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Trademark and Proprietary Information
All materials on this document, including but not limited to: text, images, and illustrations
(collectively, the "Materials") are owned or controlled by PTI. Trademarks apply. The materials
contained in this document are subject to change without notice. PTI makes no warranty of any
kind with regard to this material and shall not be liable for errors contained herein or for
incidental consequential damages in connection with the furnishings, performance, or use of this
material.
You may not copy, reproduce, republish, upload, post, transmit or distribute the materials in any
way whatsoever without prior written approval from authorized personnel of Photon Technology
International.
PTI® and the PTI logo are registered trademarks of Photon Technology International, Inc. The
following product names are all trademarks of PTI:
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DeltaRAM™
FeliX™
FeliX32™
FelixGX™
Filter Scan™
ImageMaster™
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No trademark and no material from any PTI documentation may be used in any form without
prior written permission from Photon Technology International, Inc. All pages and their contents
are copyright © 2010 Photon Technology International, Inc. All rights reserved. Specifications
are subject to change without notice. All other trademarks are the property of their owners.
914 Photomultiplier Detection System
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PTI Standard Instrument Warranty
Warranty Period and Extent
Photon Technology International (PTI) warrants that its instruments will be delivered in a functional state and free from defect,
and will meet stated specifications for a period of one (1) year. The warranty period will start on the date of shipment by PTI. In
case of systems that include installation by PTI, the warranty will start from the date of installation or thirty (30) days after the
shipping date, whichever is earlier.
This warranty is in lieu of all other warranties, expressed or implied, including, without limitation, the implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, nor will PTI provide training on its use free of charge. PTI shall not be
responsible for any liability, loss or damages, caused or alleged to be caused, by the system, as a result of use or operation
including, without limitation, consequential damages and loss of profit.
Specific Exclusions and Limitations
1. It is recognized that the performance of consumable items will diminish as a function of use, and that it may be necessary to
replace such items to restore the stated specifications. Consumable items (arc lamps, filters, cuvettes, lenses, etc.) are not
covered by the warranty.
2. The original manufacturer's warranty will be maintained for major system components not manufactured by PTI (e.g.
computers, printers, microscopes, cameras and components thereof).
3. Fiber optic bundles are not covered by the warranty.
4. The use of arc lamps not supplied by PTI (or approved in writing by PTI) will void PTI's warranty on all illuminator
subsystem components.
5. If there is any evidence of physical contact with coated optics (e.g. fingerprints), the warranty on that item will be voided.
6. If the optical components are realigned by the customer without specific permission from PTI, the warranty will be voided.
Please note that the customer is responsible for changing lamps and aligning the lamp after installation. Aligning the lamp
will not void the warranty unless other exclusions are applicable (nos. 4 and 5).
7. Instrument systems that are not authorized to be installed by anyone other than PTI service personnel will not be warranted.
8. In case of systems that include installation as part of the original purchase, unpacking the instrument by anyone other than
PTI personnel will void the warranty.
9. Moving systems to another site within a facility or to another location, without specific permission from PTI, will void the
warranty.
10. Damage or loss caused by shipping is not covered by the warranty.
11. Damage caused by improper operation of the instrument will void the warranty.
12. Damage caused by equipment not purchased from PTI that is attached to the instrument is not covered by the warranty.
13. Warranty is valid only in the state, province or country of the original purchase.
14. Warranty is valid only on systems having a computer supplied by PTI.
15. Software upgrades performed on the PTI computer workstation (e.g., adding word processors, image editors, etc.) not
authorized by PTI will void the warranty.
16. Hardware upgrades performed on the PTI computer workstation (e.g., adding network boards, sound cards, etc.) not
authorized by PTI will void the warranty.
Warranty Returns
A Return Material Authorization (RMA) Number must be obtained from the PTI Service Department before any items can be
shipped to the factory. Returned goods will not be accepted without an RMA Number. Customer will bear all shipping charges
for warranty repairs. All goods returned to the factory for warranty repair should be properly packed to avoid damage and clearly
marked with the RMA Number.
Warranty Repairs
Warranty repairs will be done either at the customer's site or at the PTI plant, at our option. All service rendered by PTI will be
performed in a professional manner by qualified personnel.
Software
PTI makes no warranties regarding either the satisfactory performance of the software or the fitness of the software for any
specific purpose. PTI shall not be responsible for any liability, loss or damages caused or alleged to be caused by our software as
a result of its use, including, without limitation, consequential damages and loss of profit, nor will PTI provide training on its use
free of charge.
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Safety Symbols Used In This Manual
(NOTE: Not all may be present in this manual)
(DANGER)
This symbol indicates the potential for serious
bodily harm. Extreme care should be taken
when performing the task and all warnings
should be strictly adhered to. All possible
steps should be taken to ensure safety.
(WARNING)
This symbol represents the potential for
electrical shock and/or other bodily harm.
Care should be taken when performing the
task. There is also the potential for damage to
equipment if warnings are not taken seriously.
This symbol represents the potential for
equipment damage. The user is expected to
use care when performing the task.
(CAUTION)
This symbol represents the risk of UV
radiation. User must take all appropriate steps
to protect eyes and exposed areas of the skin.
(RADIATION)
914 Photomultiplier Detection System
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Table of Contents
Trademark and Proprietary Information .............................................................4
PTI Standard Instrument Warranty .....................................................................5
Safety Symbols Used In This Manual ....................................................................6
Table of Contents .....................................................................................................7
1. Introduction..........................................................................................................8
2. Specifications:.......................................................................................................9
Overall and mounting holes dimensions .............................................................................. 10
Inputs and Outputs ................................................................................................................ 10
2. Service ................................................................................................................ 11
Replacing the photomultiplier tube...................................................................................... 11
3. Service Calls to PTI........................................................................................... 13
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1. Introduction
Congratulations on purchasing your new photomultiplier detection system from Photon
Technology International. This instrument was designed and built by PTI to offer you the
highest quality possible. The PTI Model 914 photomultiplier detection system is a combined
digital (photon counting) and analog detection system consisting of an integrated photomultiplier
tube (PMT) housing that includes high voltage supply, controls and signal processing circuitry.
Various tubes are available to suit a variety of detection needs, and are easily installed within
minutes. The 914 accepts 28 mm (1⅛-inch) diameter side-on PMTs.
Digital (photon counting) mode is selected by a TTL low signal on the Analog/Digital select line.
This is the default mode. The PMT digital high voltage is factory set. No external control is
required for digital mode.
Analog mode is set by applying a TTL high signal (+3.5 to + 5 V) on the Analog/Digital select
line. The PMT analog high voltage is controlled by a 0 to +5 V input on the High Voltage
control line corresponding to 0 to –1250 V on the PMT.
Overall control of the 914 housing settings is via the computer. An optional manual switching
between analog and digital modes and adjustment of the PMT high voltage in analog mode is
made by a separate control box.
The 914 has been configured for your application and the PMT is already installed. There are no
user serviceable parts in the circuit board housing of the 914.
914 Photomultiplier Detection System
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2. Specifications:
PMT type:
Power supply requirements
any 28 mm diameter side-on tube
-15V @ 50mA/+15V @ 150mA
Analog Mode:
HV adjustment range:
Shortest response time :
Internal electronic signal amplification:
Electronic amplification linear bandwidth:
Internal electronic signal amplification at 100 MHz:
Electrical coupling:
Bandwidth (set by jumpers at the factory):
0 -1250 V
100 ns
X100
0-2 MHz
X1
DC
10 kHz, 30 MHz or 200 MHz
Photon Counting Mode:
Maximum count rate:
Absolute linear count rate:
Linear count rate (-5% deviation):
Pulse pair resolution:
Output pulses:
Output pulse width:
10 million
3 million
7 million
60ns
TTL
10-40 ns
Typical PMT Spectral Response
Model
R928
R509
R1527
Range
185 – 900 nm
185 – 870 nm
185 – 680 nm
Peak
400 nm
330 nm
340 nm
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Overall and mounting holes dimensions
(all dimensions in inches)
Inputs and Outputs
Input:
Power
Power and control
9-pin CPC (circular plastic connector)
Output:
Digital
Analog
Digital signal
Analog signal
BNC
BNC
914 Photomultiplier Detection System
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2. Service
The 914 has been configured for your application. There are no user serviceable parts in the
circuit board housing of the 914. High voltage is present inside the housing.
Replacing the photomultiplier tube
To avoid possible damage to the sensitive photomultiplier tube, it is suggested that the new PMT
be kept in darkness as much as possible until it is installed in its socket and the housing is closed.
Be careful not to touch the photocathode area of the PMT UV glass envelope. Finger oils may
deposit on the surface and these may emit fluorescence when illuminated by incident light. If
you do touch the PMT envelope wipe the glass clean with a lint-free tissue dampened with
methanol and then with a clean dry tissue.
When removing or installing the PMT carefully grasp the base of the PMT with thumb and index
finger and pull down or push up on the PMT while gently moving it side to side by small angles.
Do not move the PMT through large angles as you can crack the ceramic insulator base of the
PMT socket.
You will need 2.5 mm and 7/64 inch hex keys (Allen wrench; ball end preferred).
1. Exit FelixGX if it is open.
2. Turn off the power on the AS0C-10 box.
3. Disconnect all cables from the 914 housing.
4. Dim or turn off the room lights. An unpowered PMT exposed to bright light can have a high
dark count that may take several minutes to hours to dissipate.
5. Use a 2.5 mm hex key to remove the four screws mounting the 914 flange to the slit assembly
and pull the 914 housing away from slit assembly.
6. Use a 7/64 inch hex key to remove the three screws mounting the PMT housing to the circuit
board housing.
7. Pull the PMT housing away from the PMT and the circuit board housing.
8. Using your thumb and index finger, grasp the base of the PMT and rock it slightly side to
side while pulling the PMT out of the socket. Wrap the PMT in bubble wrap, then place it in
a box.
9. Remove the new PMT from its packaging. The rib on the indexing pin is on the same side of
the PMT as the photocathode, so that when the rib inserts into the notch in the socket base,
the photocathode faces the back of the housing (i.e. toward the incident light). Using your
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Photon Technology International
thumb and index finger, grasp the base of the PMT and rock it slightly side to side while
pushing the PMT into the socket. Make sure the PMT is fully seated in the socket.
10. Slide the PMT housing over the PMT so that the flange side is aligned with the PMT
photocathode (I.e., the flange is opposite from the connectors on the circuit board housing).
11. Use the 7/64 inch hex key to insert and tighten the three screws to mount the PMT housing to
the circuit board housing.
12. If the O-ring falls out of the PMT housing or housing flange, put it back in place. If it will not
stay in place in the recessed groove around the light hole, use your fingertip to moisten the side
of the O-ring that sits in the groove with a thin film of saliva.
13. Use the 2.5 mm hex key to insert and tighten the four screws to mount the 914 flange to the
slit assembly.
14. Reconnect the cables removed in step 3.
914 Photomultiplier Detection System
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3. Service Calls to PTI
To aid our Service Department in discussing your questions, as well as to aid in the timely
solution of any problems, please assemble as much as possible of the following information
before calling PTI:

Your system serial number, or as many other component serial numbers as possible

The name of the purchaser or principal investigator, and the company or institution where
the instrument is located.

Your instrument type and hardware configuration (and software version, if applicable)

The date on which your instrument was installed

As much detail as possible on the particular chain of events or circumstances that led to
the problem. This information should include the complete instrument status and data
gathering protocol.

If possible, be prepared to send sample data and hardware and acquisition setup files as
email attachments to PTI service personnel.
Contact PTI Service at
Toll Free: 877-784-4349 US/Canada
Phone: 609-894-4420 Ext 115
Fax: 609-894-1579
Email: PTIService@pti-nj.com
VISIT OUR WEBSITE AT
www.pti-nj.com