Unclassified-Unlimited
AD-675 050
A DDC BIBLIOGRAPHY ON
ON-LINE COMPUTER SYSTEMS
VOLUME I OF 1i VOLUMES
DDC-TAS-68-36
This document has been approved
for pubiic release and sale;
distribution is unlimited.
its1
SEPTEMBER 1968
Unclassified-Unlimited
,ep~oduced by tho
CLEARINGHOUSE
or Ft~do a! S~unfic. & TechncaI
Informgon Springfield Va 22151
UNCLASSI
FIED
UNLI MITE
D
AD-675 050
A DDC BIBLIOGRAPHY ON
ON-LINE COMPUTER
SYSTEMS
VOLUME I of II VOLUMES
DDC-TAS-68-36
This document has; been approved
for public release and sale; its
distribution is unlimited.
SEPTEMBER 1963
DEFENSE DOCUMENTATION CENTER
Cameron Station
Alexandria, Virginia 22314
U N C L A S S I F J E D
-
U N L I M I T E D
/l
PREFACE
This Unclassified-Unlimited bibliography with 162 citations
was compiled in response to a growing interest in On-Line Com-puter Systems.
In preparing 'his bibliography consideration was
given to the general subject areas of programming(computers),
in-
formation retrieval, time sharing, and graphics as they apnly to
On-Line Systems.
a f nal
A grouping of various applications was made as
subject area.
The topical arrangement is complemented by four indexes
(accession number (AD-number) sequence, corporate author,
personal author, and contract).
When a report cited has several
personal authors, each is listed separately.
This volume is supplemented by an Unclassified-Limited
version with 52 citations (AD-840 090).
BY ORDER OF THE DIRECTOR, DEFENSE SlPPLY AGENCY
OFFICIAL
I)BERT B. STEGM
JR.
Administrator
Defense Documentation Cepter
iii
U
~i
TABLE
OF
CONTENTS
Page
PREFACE ...................................................... 111
mD BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES
Programming(Co1 mputers) ....................................
Information Retrieval ................................. 63
Time Sharing ........................................... 105
Graphics ................................................ 137
General Applications ....................................149
INDEXES
CORPORATE AUTHOR/MONITORING AGENCY ...................... 0-1
PERSONAL AUTHOR ......................................
*
P-1
CONTRA.CT ................................................ C-1
AD-NUN'LRIC..............................................A-1
PROGRAMMING (COMP~UTERS)
UNCLASSIFIED
DSC
!
REP ARY
qT
AD-414
RAN
WOOCORIUGE
T
IC
COMPUTING CETEM
ON-LINE
DESCRIPTIVE
NOTE
FINAL
lisp
CULLER4GLEN J A
AONITOR.
RADc
UNCLASSIFIED
DESCRIPTORS:
WHICH
COMPUTING
ALLOWS
COMPUTER BY
SPECIALIZED
SYSTEM IN
REFERENCE
ALL
/00328
AROCEL.F
FIrB
3,
16(
PROCESSING
PROCCSSING,
DIGITAL
ON-LINE
(U)
SYSTEM
'AS BEEN
DEVELOPErJ
DIRECT USE OF A HIGH SPEED DIG: rAL
MATHEMATICIANS AND SCIENTISTS IN THEIR
FIELDS, THIS REPORT DESCRIBES THE
DETAIL FROM A
PURPOSES, THE
COMPUTEO
SYSTEMS,
COMPUTERS, DATA PROCESSING
(COMPUTERS), M ATHEmOTICAL LOGIC,
(LI)
IDENTIFIERS:
INFORMATION
COMPUTIN;G. 1963
|
NO
REPORT
19DATA
ON-LINE
CANOGA
BUE
REPT A
1 FEB 62FRIED,BURTON D, I
YDR63
COMPUTERS) , (*DIGITAL
SYSTEMS), PROGRAMMING
COMPUTER LOGIC
AN
CONTROL
NOTE:
SUPPLEMENTARY
I
SEARCH
564
THOMPSON
AN
LOGRAPHY
PROGRAMS
USER'S
REPORT
USED
IN
POINT OF
INCLUDES
T*HE
iAUTHOR)
SYST
VIEW, FOR
A LISTING
OF
e.
(U)
UNCLASSIFIED
100328
UNCLASSIFIEO
DOC
REPORT
AD-4$1 2Z1
RAND CORP
BIBLIOGRAPHY
SANTA
MONICA
COMPUTER
RECOGNITION
CHARACTERS,
OCT
REPT, NO,
CONTRACT:
PROJ !
149
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
/O0328
CALIF
OF
ON-LINE,
HAND-WRITTEN
(U)
'4
27P
XMJ7S3ARPA
BERNSTEINM,
I,
1
SD7q
61
UNCLASSIFIED
SUPPLEMENTARY
REPORT
NOTEI
DESCRIPTORSI
(*CHARACTER
RECOGNITION,
INPUTOUTPUT
DEVICES), DOCUMENTATION, MACH;NE TRANSLATION,
AUTOMATIC INOEXING, DIGITAL COMPUTERS, PROGRAMMING
(COMPUTERS)
:OENTIWIERS:
196#
(U)
(U)
THIS MEMORANDUM DISCUSSES A METHOD FOR
RECOGNIZING SINGLE, HAND-WRITTEN CHARACTERS USING AN
ONLINE GRAPHICAL INPUT DEVICE, SUCH AS A DIGITIZING
PANTOGRAPH,
A
.
GHT
PEN,
JR
THE
GRAPHIC
INPUT
TABLET, AS THE PN!MARY INFORMATION SOURCE.
BASICALLY, THE METHOD CONSISTS OF FILTERING AND
SMOOTHING THF INPUT STREAM TO ELIMINATE AS MUCH
REDUNDANCY AS POSSIBLE, DIRECTION
MOVEMENT 'S
UANTIZED INTO ONE OF
OF THE STYLUS
EIGHT DIRECTIONS,
ALLOWING EA- - STROKE OF A CHARACTER TO
AS A SERIES OF CONNECTED STRAIGHT-LINE
BY ELIMINATING VARIOUS MEASURES ON THE
DESCRIPTION
IS
SIRE-,
INDEPENDENT, IN
ORIENTATItN AND
AND
ARE
MULTI-STROKE
ADDED TO THE
POSITION-,
AND
BE DESCRIBED
SSGMENTS,
STROKE, THE
ROTATION-
ORDER TO RESTORE SOME ROTATIONAL
TI DISCRIMINATE BETWEEN OPEN, CLOSED,
CHARACTERS, END-POINT
DESCRIPTION, (AUTHOR)
COMPARIONS
(U)
2
UNCLASS IFIED
/OOJ
t
It
UNCLASSIFIED
DDC
AD-4T4
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
1OO32B
J19
MASSACHUSETTS
INST
O
TECH
CAMBRIDGE
CALCULAID: AN ON-LINE SYSTEM
COMPUTATION AND ANALYSIS.
FOR
ALGEBRAIC
(U)
DESCRIPTIVE NOTE:
MASTER'S THESIS,
SEP
45
53P
WANTMAN,MAYER
MAC-TR-20
REPT. No,
NONR41OZOo
CON7RACT:
PROJI
NRO46 189
UNCLASSIF:!D
ELIMH.
I
REPORT
DESCRIPTORS:
(.PROGRAMMING COMPUTERS),
DIGITAL COMPUTERS), REAL TIME, SCHEDULING,
ALGEBRA, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, COMPUTER
LOG IC
IDENTI7IER :
MAC PROjECT,
OPS
IS
AN
u
CALCULAID, TIME-SHARING SYSTEMS,
OPS, ON-LINr COMPUTER SYSTEMS
ON-LINE
(U)
SYSTEM
MAC,
THE PRESENT WORK
SIMPLE WAY TO PERFORM
DEVELOPED AT PROJECT
PROVIDES A POWERFUL AND
NUMERICAL MANIPULATIONS
AND
CALCULATIONS WITHIN OPS, THE PROGRAM PACKAGE IS
CALLED CALCjLAID, AND PROVIDES A METHOD OF
EXECUTING ALGEBRAIC ASSIGNMENT STATEMENTS, OF WHICH
MAD AND FORTRAN ASSGNMENTS ARE A
THIS ASSIGNMENT-STATEMENT ABILITY
SUBSET, WHEN
IS COUPLED WITH
OTHER FEATURES Or THE
ASILITY OF A COMPILER
MOST OF THE
PROVIDED,
OPS SYSTEM,
LANGUAGE IS
bECAUSE THE PROGRAMS WRITTEN IN OPS ARE EXECUTED
INTERPRETIVELY, OPS-J PROGRAMS CAN BE CHANCED AND
RE-RUN IMMEDIATELY, WITmOT BEING RECCmPILED,
THE
APPLICATIONS O
CALCULAID TO THE ANALYSIS OF A
ROUND-ROBI
SCHEDULING MODEL AND TO A PROCESS-CONTRCL
PROBLEM -RE DISCUSSED, AND CONCLUSIONS ARE DRAWN
REGARDING
iE SUITABILITY OF RUNNINS COMAL)ATIONAL
PROGRAMS
IN
AN
INTERPRETIVE
MODE,
UNCSS5TIrE
(AUTHOR)
(U)
JI
/
UNCLASSIFIED
DoC
REPORT
SEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY
AD-476 443
MASSACHUSETTS
METALLURGY
MAP. A SYSTEM
1l/1
OF
INST
FO
R
DESCRIPTION OF THg
104P
64
JAN
IBRACK(TTJOHN I
CONTRPL
NO,
100328
9/a
TECH
ON-LINE
CAMBRIOGE
DEPT
MATHEMATICAL
OF
ANALYSIS.
LANGUAGE AND INSTRUCTION MANUAL,
KAPLOO ,ROY ISfRONG ,STEPHEN
(U)
MAC-TR-2q
REPT, NO,
NONR'-410ijoQ)
CONTRACTI
NR-ON-I9
PROJI
UNCLASSIFIEQ
DESCRIPTORS:
REPORT
(*.,OMPUTERS,
MATHEMATICAL
ANALYSIS), MAN-.MACHINE SYSTEMi, NUMERICAL
ANALYSIS, INSTRUCTION MANUALS
IDENTIFIERSI
MAC PROJECT, ON-LINE MATHEMATICAL
ANALYSIS
(U)
(U)
1 iAP)
SYSTEM FOR ON-LINE MATHEMAT CAL ANALYSIS, CALLED
MAP, HAS BEEN DEVELOPED FOR USE WITHIN THE M,I,T,
COMPATIBLE TIME SHARING SYSTEM, YAKING
ADVANTAGE OF THE VARIED USER-MACH N[ iNTERACTIONS
WHICH ARE POSSISLg, MAP PROVIDES A FACILITY FOR
HANDLING COMPLEX #NALYSES, DATA INPUT AND
A
PRESENTATION OF RESU;LTS WITHOUT REQUIRING ANY
IS A
COMPUTER PROGRAMMING SY THE USER, THIS REPORT
DESCRIPTION OF Tm; LANGUAGE AND A SELF-TEACHING USER
THE TECHNIQUES USED TO
MANUALI IT DOES NIT DESCRIS
"HE SYSTEM, WHEN < IVEN INCOrtPLET[
MPLEMNT
THE SYSTEM WILL PROVIDE INSTNUCTIONS
REGARDING THE USE OF ITS PROCEDURES AND SILL ASK FOR
ALL THE PARANETERI, VALUES AND OPTION DECISIONS WHICH
REOUESTS,
MAY BE REQUIRED, if THE REQUESTS ARE CORRECT AND
SUFFICIENTLY DETAILED, THE COMPUTER WILL PROCEED
DiRECTLY TO THE CALCULATIONS AND, ON COMMAND, PRESENT
THE R(SULTS IN GRAPHICAL OR TYPEWRITTEN FORM,
IHE
PROVISIONS HAVE AblSO EEN INCLUDED TO ALLOW
EXPANSION AND PERSONALIZATION
SY
WHATEVER MANNER IS DESIRE
CR)
(AUT
OF THE SYSTEM IN
INDIVIDUAL USERS,
UNCLASSIFIED
(u)
/00321
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
SEARCH
AD-603 972
RANO CORP SANTA M"NICA CALIF
JOSS! A DESIGNER'S VIEW OF AN
COMPUT!NG SYSTEM,
36P
AUG
6'
REPT,
NO.
CONTRC.
NO.
EXPERIMENTAL
100320
ON-LINE
U
SHAJ,
C,
I
FI-~222
UNCLASSIIED
REPORT
THIS PAPER WAS PREPARED FOR
NOTE:
AT THE 19Y44 FALL JOINT COmPUTER
CON7EPENCE, SPONSORED BY THE AME*ICAN FEDERATION
INrGRMATION PROCESSING SOCIETIES, SAN FKANCISCO,
27-29 OCT 44.
SUPPLEMENTARY
PRESENTATION
(*SPECIAL PURPOSE COMPuTERS, DATA
DESCRIPTORS:
PROCESSING SYSTEMS), (*DATA PROCESSING SYSrEMS,
O
F
INPUT-
"'MMUNICATION SYSTEMS,
OUTPUT OEVICES) . TYPEWRITERS,
(U
COMPUTER STORAGE DEVICES, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
TIME SHARING (COMPUTERS) , JOSS (.jOHNNIAC
IDENTIFIERS:
(U)
OPEN-SwOP SYSTEM)
JOSS
OPEN-SHOP SYSTEM)
IS At
ON-LINE, TI E-SNARED COMPuITING
(JOHNNIAC
EvOERIMENTAL
SERVICE.
MEMBERS UO THE RANC
IT IS IN fCAILY USE BY STAFr
CORPORATION FOR THE SOLUTION OF SMALL NumERICAL
PROBLEMS, THE USERS COMPOSE STORED PROGRAMS AND
INTERACT WITH JOSS THROUGH REMOTE TYPEWRITER
CONSOLES By USING A SINGLE, HIGH-LEVEL LANGUAGE.
THE SYSTEM IS DESCRIBED WITw EMPmAgIS ON THOSE
FEATURES W-ICH
CONVENIENT NEW
TYPEWRITERS,
LED
HAVE
TOOL.
EXA*T
USEMS
TO
JOSS
ACCEMT
IT
PROVIOES USE Or
DECIMA.
INPUT/OUTPUT,
AS
A
rAMI lAR
ARITHWETIC,
ENGLISH
HIGH-LEVEL ALGEBRAIC LANGUAGE WI T
PUNCTuATION RULES, jASY MODIFICATION ANO REPAIR
PROGRAMS, AND RE"ORI-GUALITY rORMATTED OUTP:,#
O
F
Q)
(AUTHOR)
tN
A. s ir E
r
I
UNCLASSIFIED
ODC
RAND
CORP
SANTA
MONICA
JOSS: EXAMPLES OF 74E
COMPUTING SERV' E,
APR
65
I.#
REPT,
NO,
SEARCH
BIBL0GRAPHY
iEPORT
CONTRC.
NO,
/OC00.
CAL!F
AN EXPElRMENTAL
OF
USE
ON-LINE
(U)
SHAW'.J
C,
I
P-3131
RE03RT
UNCLASSIFIED
NOTES
5.MPLEMENTARY
LIMITED
Of
NUMBER
COLOR OTHER THAN l6o '
AND WHITE
IS EXHAUSTED, REPRODUCiIONS WILL
COPIES
CONTAINING
ARE AVAILABLE UNTIL STOCK
BE MADE IN BLACK ANC
WHITE ONLY, PRESENTED AT THE SIXTH ANNUAL SYMPOSIVM
OF THE PROFESSIONAb GROUP ON HUMAN FACTORS loo
ELECTRONICS, THE INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND
ELECTRONjC ENGINEERS, 80STON, MAY 6-8, 1965,
"SCRIPTORS:
<
(OSPE(
HODS
F 'RPOSE COMPUTERS,
AL
NUMERICAL
PROCEDVRES),
(ONU¢ERJCAL
METHODS AND
SPECIA6 PURPOSE C'YTERS), (eDATA
AND
PROCEDURES,
PROCESSING SYSTEMS, SPLCIAL
NUMBERS, NUMERICAL ANALYSIS,
INPUT-OUTPUV
OEV|CgS
IDENi'IFIERO:
LINE SVSTEMS,
JOSS
TIME
.4POSE COMPUTERS),
PkOGRAhMING LANGUAGE5,
(U)
(JOHNNIAC OPEN-SHOP
5HARfNfJ (COrPUTERS)
SYSTEM),
ON(U)
CONTENTS (SINCE JISS IGNORES INPUT LINES
BEGINNING WITH AN ASTERISK, THE DEVICE IS USED TO
INTERPOSE COMMENTS IN THE EXAMPLESI ON THE ORIGINAL
COP
,
OUTPUT
ELEMENTS
COMPUTING
O
I
IN
a
AND
ACK
INPUT
IN
GREEN).'
FOR
I/X BY
STORED PROGRAM
INTEGPATION OF
THE LANGUAGE
THE HYPOTFNUSE
GkUSS ?-POINT RULk ROOT FINDING MATRIX
INVERSION WITH SIMPLE PIVOTING ON THE DIAGONAL
-SrERISK
A
AT
FOPMATTED
THE
END
CAN
-
ILL
YHE
LINE
TAFLE,
AN
PRODUCTION
OF
(U)
6
UNCLASSIFIED
100321
UNCLAS$SIUD
DOC
AD-61S
RAND
MEPORT
31SLIOGRA"U
MAY
SANTA
MONICA
NO,
SUPPLEMENTA
PEDFRATION
YORK,
97
,
CONTROL
NO,
/00328
CALIF
WfiM
THE
JOMNNI-C
OPENSHO7
(U)
*3
&P
P-31 t
UNCLASSIFIED
NE*
SEARCH
bO4
CORP
JOSS: CONVERSATIONS
SYSTEM,
REPT,
-
SHAW,.',
C,
REPORT
Y NOTE:
PRESENTED AT THE INTURNATIONAL
FOR INFOOMATtON FROCESSINC CONGRESS,
N,
AD-614
Y.,
24-29
MAY
65,
SEE
ALSO
AD-603
V12o
DESCRZPTOASI
(*SPECIAL PURPOS
COMPUTER , NkwMEUICAL
ME 7 HODS AND PROCEDURES),
(eNUMERICAL METHODS AND
PROCEDURES, SPEC!AL PURPOSE COMPUTERS;,
(*DATA
PROCESSING SYSTEMS, SPEMtAL PURPOSE COmPUTERS),
NUMEPICAL ANALYSIS. PROGRAMMING
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
IDENTIFIERS:
SYSTEM , TIME
tHE JOHNNIAC
EXPE1IMENTAL
OF
)N-LINE
ON-LINE
SHARING
(COMPUTERS),
SYSTEMS, JOSS
(COMPUTERS)
(U)
(JOHNNIAC
OPEN-SHOP SYSTEM (4OSS) IS AN
SYSTEM DESIGNED TO DEMONSTRATE
INTERACTION
WITH
A COMPUTER,
OPENSHOP
(U)
BENEFITS
PARTICULARLY
A COMPUTER LIMITED TO SMALL NUMERICAL COMPUTATIONS
SUCH AS THE JOHNNIAC. EXAMPLES ARE GIVEN OF
(ONVERSATION WITH THE COMPUTING SYSTEM WHEREBY
COMPUTING REGUIREMENTS ARE MET THAT ARE NOT WELL
SATiSP1ED BY CONVENTIONAL SERVICES, THE FIRST
EXAMPLE IS OF THE PRODUCTION O
A TABLE WITH THE
CONVERSATION DIR
TING JOSS To MODIFY THE PROGRAM
Tj SPECIFY pYTHAGOREAN TRIPLES
JOSS STORES
NUMERICAL VALUES, FORMS. AND STEPS THAT BEGIN WITH
NUMERICAL LABELS. THE SECOND EXAMPLE IS OF THE
ASSISTANCE
;OSS GIVES SY EXTENSIVE CHECKING OF THE
USER'S INSTRUCTIONS, .J SS COMMENTS FROM A STOCK OF
40 'CANNED' MESSAGES (MOSTL,' ERROR MESSAGES),
FREQOUENTLY ALLOWING THE USER TO REPAIR AN ERROR ON
TM
SPOT AND DIRECY JOSS TO CONTINUE,
UNCLASSIrIED
(U)
/00328
jt
tNC6ASSIFIED
DOC
RPFGRT
BLIOGRAPY
SEARCH
CONTROL
AD-41S 65B
MASSACHUSETTS INST O
TECH LEXINGTON
AN EXPERIMENTAL ON-L!NE DATA STORAGE
No*
/00328
LINCOLN LAS
AND RETRIEVAL
SYSTEM,
*
(U)
ED
REPT, NO,
CONTRACT:
t5
42P
TR-377
AFI9 428
MONITOR!
ESD
NOLAN,J,
500
;ARMENTIoA,
0
1
,NONR410201
,TOR-4S-36
UNCLASSIFIED
SUPPLEMENTARY
F,
REPORT
NOTEc
DESCRIPTORS:
*oPROrRAMMING (COMPUTERS , DATA
SYSTEMS), (*DATA STORAGE SYSTEMS, PROGKAMMING
ICOMPUTERS):, INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, COMPUTER
DATA TRANSMISSION
OPERATION
SYSTCMS,
COMPUTERS,
STORAGE
LOGIC,
MULTIPLE
(U)
IDENTIFIERS:
LI T PROCESSING, MAC PRO.)ECT, ON-LINE
SYSTEMS, COMPUTER WORDS, TIME SHARING (COMPUTERS)
(U)
THIS REPORT DESCRIBES AN EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM
SYSTEM DESIGNED TO TEST AND DEMONSTRATE ON-LINE
STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL OF FOR'iATTED DATA BASED ON
COMPLETE INTERNAL DESCRIPTIONS OF THE FILES, THE
USE OF INTERNAL D9SCRIPTIONS ALLOWS EACH USER (WHO
NEED NOT BE A TRAINED PROGRAMMER) TO DEFINE,
MOD!rY, AHO CROSS-ASSOCIATE DATA FILES TO SUIT HIS
PART'CULAR NEEDS, YHE
EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM SYSTEM
WAS
IMPLEMEN7ED
By
REMOTE
TIMESHARING
PROJECT MAC
SYSTEM
AT TNE
TECHNOLOGY,
(AUTHQR)
USE
O
THE
COMPAT'BLE
'CTSSj FACILITjES Of
MASSACMUSETTS INSTITUTE
OF
(U)
UNCLASSIFIED
-S1
/Oolas
UNCLAS
DDC
REPORT
PIBLIOGRAPMY
AD-41$ 731
SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT
FUNDAMENTALS
FOR
STATE
MAY
REPT, NO,
OF
AND
LOCAL
UNCLASSIFIED
DESCRIPTORS:
SEARCH
SANTA
INFORMATION
S
3'P
SP-2073
SUPPLEMENTARY
CORP
IrIEo
CONTROL
MONICA
NO,
/0032f.
CALIF
PROCESSING
%ND
COMPUTERS
GOVERNMENT,
(U)
KIBBEEJOEL
ti,
REPORT
NOTE:
(*DATA
PROCESSING
SYSTEMS,
MANAGEMENT
ENGINEERING),
(*COMPUTERS, MANAGEMENT ENGINEERING),
PROGRAMMING (COMPUTERS), REAL TIME, PROGRAMMING
LANGUAGES, INPUT-OUTPUT DEVICES
IDENTIFIERS:
T;ME 'HARING (COMPUTERS), ON-LINE
SYSTEMS,
INFORMATION SYSTEMS, LOCAL. GOVERNMENTS
(U)
(U)
THE
PAPER INTRODUCES TO TME PUBLIC MANAGER THE
FUNDAPIENALS OF INFOP
TION PROCESSING AND COMPUTERS,
To UNDCRSTAND COMPUTZRS, 1T IS NECESSARY TO
D'STINGUISH BETWEEN 'HARDWARE' AND 'SOFTWARE.'
HARDWARE IS THE PHYSICAL P:ECE OF EQUIPMENT,
SOFTWARE IS EVERYTAING ELSE--PROGRAMS AND
PROCEDURES--NEEDED BY PEOPLE TO MAKE COMPUTERS
USEFUL, A COMPUTER SHOULD NOT RE THOUGHT OF AS
SOMETHING WHIC) EXISTz, INDEPENDENTLY OF SOFTWARE.
THIS PAPER DEALS FIRST WITH THE INFORMATION SYSTEM-A COL'_fCTION CF MEN, MACHINES, AND SOFTWARE, WITH
EACH
THEN
ASSIGNED THAT TASK WHICH EACH DOES BEST--AND
DISCUSSES HARDPARE AND DATA COMMUNICATIONS.
SOFTWARE. MORE IMPORTANT THAN HARDWARE, AND EQUALLY
COSTLY, IS TREATED WITH PRIMARILY EMPHASIS ON
PROGRAMMER AND USER LANGOACES, TIME-SHARING.
5-FTWARE-SHARING, AND INFORMATION-SHARING ARE
COVERED, AS WELL AS THE CONCEPTS OF A UNIFIED
INFtRMATION SYSTEM AND A COORDINATED INFORMATION
SYSTEM, THE PAPER CONCLUDES WITH A SUGGESTION THAT
STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT MIGHT, THROUGH JOINT
DEVELOPMENT, DECREASE THE COST OF SOFTWARE FOR EACH
OF THI'i,
(AUTHOR)
UNCLASSI
r
IE0
(U)
/0032
/
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
AIR
REPORT
FORCE
MASS
DEBuG.
AN
BIALIOGRAPHY
CAMBRIDGE
RESEARCH
EXTENSION
TO
TECsNIUES,
DESCRIPTIVE NOTE:
REPT,
PRO:
TASKI
NO,
LAOS
CURRENT
PIHYSICAL
RESEARCH PAPE4SI
NOV
64
13P
LUCL.E
SEARCH
AND
-ONTROL
L
G
ONLINE
NO.
/OOJ8
HANSCOM
FIELD
DEBUGGING
MATHEMATICAL
EVANS,THOMAS
6,
SCIENCES
;DARLEY,D,
I
APCRL-&S-411
4PMSRP-1I10
q4NI
'44IO2
REPORT
UNCLASSIFIEQ
SUPPLEMENTARY
NOTE:
PUB, IN COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM
P31-4 MAY 1963 (COPIES NOT AVAILABLE TO DOC OR
CLEARINGHOUSE CUSTgMERSj, PREPARED IN COOPERATION WITh
V&
NS
BOLT,
BERANEK,
DESCRIPTORSI
CORRECTIONS),
AND
NEWMAN,
CAMBRIDGE,
MASS,
(OPRCGRAMMING(COMPUTERS),
PROG$AMMING LANGUAGES
AU)
IDENTIFIERS:
M-460
COMPUTER ASSEMBLER,
PROGRAM,
PROGRAM,
A
METHOD
COMPUTERIUNIVAC), RAP
ON-INE SYSTEMS, STUD COMPUTER
DEBUG CCMPUTER PROGRAM, TIC COMPUTER
OT COMPUTER PROGRAM
FOR
ONLINE
ASSEMBLY-LANGUAGE
IU)
DEBuGGING
WHICH GREATLY SIMPLIFIES SEVERAL OF THE BOCKKEEPING
TASKS CHARACTERISTICALLY ASSOCIATED WITH THAT PROCESS
HAS BEEN DEVELOPED AND ,'PLEMENTED
IN A PROGRAM FOR
THE UNIVAC M-q&0 COMPUTER AT AIR FORCE
CAMBRIDGE -ESEARCH 1 .BORATORIES.
WITH THIS
PROGRAM, AN ONLINj USER MAY IN..ERT OT DELETE
SYMBOLIC ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE)
ANY POINT OF HIS PREVIOUSLY
CORE, WITH
HE
EMAINDER
RELOCATED APPROPRIATELY,
(IN
ANY NUMBER OF LINES AT
ASSEMBLED PROGRAM IN
OF THE PROGRAM
(AUTHOR)
BEING
IU)
10
UNCLASSI' 1(0
,O
UNCLASSIPIED
DD
REFORT
AD-*Z2 $10
STANORD
1XIBLOGRAPHY
RESEARC4
RESEARCM ON
MANAGEMENT,
INT
SEARCH
MENLO
PARK
COMPUTER-AUGMENTED
CONTROL
NO,
1O0328
CALIF
INFORMATION
(U)
DESCRIPTIVE NOTI:
FINAL
MAR
65
t3aP
HUDODART,BONNIr I;
AF1 628
CONTRACT:
PROj:
SRI 4 8T
MONITOR:
ES) ,
UNCLASSIP ID
SUPPLEMENTARY
NOTE:
DESCRIPTORS!
REPT,,
ENGELdAkTD,
C,
4088
TDR-63-169
REPORT
SEE
ALSO
AD-43i
098,
(*PROGRAMMING(COMPUTERS),
(*PHOTOGRAPHIC
TECHNIQUES,
DESIGN).
COMPUTERS),
(*MANAGEMENT ENG!NEERING, CCMPUTERS), DATA
PROCESSING SYSTEM, DATA STORAGE SYSTEMS,
INSTRUCTICN
AUTOMTION,
MANUALS, DOCUMENTATION,
PRINTING, PHOTOGRAPHIC
REPORTS,
TECNNIOUES
(U)
IDENTIFIERS:
ON-LINE
INFORMATIONMANAGEMENT
COMPUTER,
THIS
SYSTEMS, FLO* CHARTS,
SUBSYSTEM, COC-160-A
PUBLICATION
REPORT
EXPERIMENTAL
PRESENTS
PROJECT
1U)
RESULTS
IN
INFORMATION MANAGEMENT,
PRODUCT OF THE PROJECT:
OF
A
RESEARCH
AND
COMPUTER-AuCMENTED
THE
WITH
REPORT IS,
IN
THE EXCEPTION
ITSELF
Or
A
'FRONT MATTER,' THE ENTIRE REPORT WAS COAPOSED,
K3ITED, AND PRODUCED WITH ON-LINE AND OFF-LINE
COMPUTER AIDS, FOR THIS PROjE T, THE TECHNIQUES OF
COMPUTER AIDS WERE APPLIED TO TW0 AREAS: TASK
MONITORING AND PRORAM DESIGN, THE P 4 OCESSES AND
TECHNIQUES DEVELOPED OFFER A PROMISING BEGINNING To
COMPUTER-AIDED PROGRAMMING Vf$IGN EXTENDING
INITIAL SPECIFICATION TO FINAL DEBUGG!NG IN
FROM
A UNIFIED
DESIGN RECORD THAT GROW$ AND EVCLVES TO COMPLE T E
FINAL DOCUMENTATION, THE PROCESSES AND TECHNIQUES
ALSO OFrER PROMISE IN INCREASING THI
PROOUCTIVITY
nF
INDIVIDUALS AND GROUPS OF PROGRAMMERS, FUTURE *ORA
ENVISIONED FOR INFORMATION-MANAGFMENT SYSTEMS SUCH AS
THAT USED IN THIS STUDY INCLUDE PROGRAM DESIGN
RsCORDS, EXTERNAL REFERENCE DOCUMENTATIC', AND USER
REFERENCE MANJALS, AS AN APPENDIX, THERE IS
ATTACHED
'USER'S
INPORMATION
(AUTHOR)
GUIDE!
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MAN-MACHINE
REVISEC
)UNE
lq6S,
(u)
UNCLAbSIF!EC
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//
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
SEARCH
CONTROL
AD-623 79&
9/2
LINCOLN LAB MASS INST OP TECH LEXINGTON
AN E!'ERIMENTAL ON-LINE DATA STORAGE AND
SYSTEM,
DESCRIPTIVE
NOTE:
SEP
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REPT,
NO,
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NOTE:
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TDR-6S-4S6
REPORT
REVISION
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MANUSCRIPT
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i
DESCRIPTORS:
(eDATA STORAGE SYSTEMS,
PROGRAMMING(CC
UT;RS));
40PROGRAMMING(C MPVTZRS), DATA STORAGE
SYSTEMS), (ODATA t INFORMATION RETRIEVAL), DATA
PROCESSING SYSTEMS, C.MPUTERS, MAN-MACHINE
SYSTEMS
IDENTIFIERS:
SYSTEMS,ILE
(U)
TIME SHARINGICOMPUTERS;, ON-LINE
STRUCTVRES, LIST PROCESSING
(U)
THIS
REPORT DESCRIBES AN EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM
SYSTEM DESIGNED T2 TEST AND DEMONSTRATE ON-LINE
S "PAGE AND RETRIEVAL OF FORMATTED DATA BASED ON
COMPLETE INTERNAL DESCRIPTIONS 0
THE FILES, -HE
USE OF INTERNAL DgSCRIPTIONS ALLOWS EACH USER (WHO
NEED NOT BE A TRAINED PROGRAMMER) TO DEFINE,
MODIFY, AND CRSS.ASSOCIArL DATA FILES TO SUIT W'S
PARTICUL.%R NEEDS@ THE EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM SYSTEM
WAS IMPLEMENTED I
REMOTE USE Cr THE COMPATIBLE
TIME-SHARING SYSTM (CTSS) FACILIwIES OF
PROJECT MAC AT THg MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF
TECHNOLOGY, (AUTHOR)
lui
1?
UNCLASSIP'IEO
10O321
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
AD-b3
004
9/2
SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT CORP
LISP
PRIMER:
A
SEARCS
SANTA
SELF-TUTOR FOR
CONTROL
MONICA
0-32
REPT,
10O328
CALIF
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TECHNICAL MEMO,,
JUN
65
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MANUALS)
IDENTIFIERS:
REPORT
NOTE:
(*PROGRAMMING
LISP,
THE COCUMENT
PROGRAMMING,
LANGUAGES,
AN/FSO-32,
ON-LINE
IS A SELF-TUTOR fOR LISP
PARTICULARLY FOR ON-LINE
INSTRUCTI)N
(U)
(U)
SYSTEMS
1,5
0-32
LISP
1,5, MATERIAL IS ORGANIZED INTO CHAPTERS THAT, BY
DISCUSSION AND EXAMPLE, PROGRESSIVELY EXPAND THE
STUDENT'S
UNDrRSTANDING
OF
THE
LANGUAGE
AND
ABILITY
TO WRITE PROGRAMS IN THE LANGUAGE# A CAREFULLY
SELECTED AND GRADLATED SET OF EXERCISES FOKI USE ONLINE IS PROVIDrI AS AN INTEGRAL PART OF EACH CHAPTER.
COMPUTER-CHECKED ANSWERS FOR EACH EXERCISE ARE ALSO
PROVIDED AS A SEPARA E APPENDIX, THE DOCUMENT
NOT AN EXHAUSTIVE TJEATISE ON LISP I,$, BUT,
IS
RATHER, A PRACTICAL PRMER THAT PROVIOES THE SERIOUS
STUDENT WITH A SOLID FOUNDATION FOR UNDERSTANDING THE
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE AND SYSTEM. HE MAY THEN
EASILY
SUPPLEMENT
HIS
KNOWLEDGE
FROM
(AUTHOR)
OTHER
SOURCES,
LI
,;NCLASSIIED
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
AD-6aS
REPORT
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SYSTEM
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DEVELOPMENT
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SEARCH
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CORP
AND
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JUL
65
23P
SHAWCPRISTOPHER
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NO,
/003aB
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UNCLASSIFIED
SUPPLEMENTARY
REPORT
NOTE?
DESCRIPTORSI
(*PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, COMmERCE),
f PROGRAMMING(COMPUTERS), COMMERCE), THEORY,
STATE-OF-THE-ART RgV'EWS, DATA PROCESSING
LANGUAGES
IDENTIFIERS;
SYSTEMSFILE
SORV'vS
TIME SHARINO(COMPUTERS), ON-LINE
STRUCTURES, COLINGO, LUCID LANGUAGE
SOME
(U)
WORK
DONE IN 7ME LAST FEW YEARS IN THE
BOTH PRACTICAL AND THEORETICAL IN
TO HAVE AN IMPACT ON PROGRAMMING
UNITED STATES,
NATURE, LIKELY
PRACTICES FOR COM4ERCIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROOLEMS,
TOPIrS INCLUDE: NQNPROCEDURAL LANGUAGES, WHICH
EMPHASIZE PRUGLEM STATEMENT RATHER THAN PROBlEMSOLVING PROCEOUREl? GENERALIZED FILE PROCESSING
SYSTfMS, WHICH ENABLE PROGRAM TO BE DESCRIBED IN
TERMS Of FILES ANR REPORTS AND SMAI.L SETS OF
RELAT
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USEROR
NTED,
Om-6INE
NONPROGRAM'
R,
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AND
SYSTEMS
SITTING
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ALLOW
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THE
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100321
UNCLASSI FED
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MASS
CONTROL
NO.
lOO326
5/7
9/2
143
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SEARCH
BI6LIOGRAP-Y
'0OC REPORT
LAOS
RESEARCH
CAMBR:DGE
L
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FIELD
HANSCOM
CCNTEXT-FREE GRAMMARb.
MACHINE-AIDED DESIGN O
AND MATHEMATICAL SC,ENCES
PHYSICAL
NOTE:
DESCRIPTIVE
RESEARCH PAPERS,
I
EVANS, MOMAS G,
25P
&5
OCT
(U)
AF-46
464410
PROj!
TASKI
AFCRL
MONITOR'
j-74.7,PMSRF-Is
,
UNCLASSIFIED
REPORT
NOFORN
NOTE:
SUPPL'MENTARY
.oCON7 XT FREE GRAMMARS, DESIGN),
DESCRIPTORS:
SYNTAX, ANALYSIS, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES,
(U)
GRAMMARS
LISF, TREE DIAGRAMSILINGUISTI:S),
FORM, ON-LINE SV5TEMS
IDENTIFIERS:
BACKUSNORMAL
(U)
A PROGRAM MAS BEEN OEVELOPEO TO ASSIST AN ON-LINE
AN ARBITRARY
USER IN THE MoD,#rICATICN AND TESTING O
CONTEXT-tREE PHRASE-S-R;CTURE GRAMMAR, COMMANDS
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T
DELE E GRAMMAR RULES, DEFINE TEST STRINGS, OR ATTEMPT
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THE USER
DIAGNCSTIC
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AND
OUTPUT
CONTROL OVER *mA'
EXTENSIVE
INFCRMAT'ON NE RfC7IvfS FROm !)AF OROGRA- A%,
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FACILITIES FOR ISOLA'!'4O A# , )!AGNOSTNG
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THE GRAM"PAR, CNE *CRS!Z'N ir TP4
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T
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ON
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THE
NATIONAL
COMPAUGUST,
C0%'rEq* N*r
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1941,
-
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"(NCE
AN,
1
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AND SUI'ASL
A nFv
RE ORT IS
EXISTS
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L:SO
IN
mACHI:r
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ASSlC !A
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R'ESENTED
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70R
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UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
REPORT
8IBLIOGRAPHY
9/2
40-627 537
MASSACMuSETTS INSI Or
PRf GRAMMING SEMANTICS
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
/00186
TECM CAMBR;DGE
FOR MULTIPROG*AMMED
COMPUTAT IONS,
DEC
(U)
6.
mORN,EARL
$d4P
C,
OENNISJACX
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:VAN
I
REPT, NO,
MAC-TR-i#
CONTRACTI
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PROJ!
N*-O8l-19
UNCLASSIFIEO
SUPPLEMENTARY
NOTE:
REPORT
PRESENTED
AT
THE
ASSCI!ATION
FOR
COMPUTING
MAC4 NERy, CONFERENCE ON PROGRAMMING
LANGUAGES AND PRAGMATICS, SAN DIMAS, CALIF,, AUG
4-13 1965, REPT, ON PROj, MAC,
DESCRIPTORS:
(e0,ROGRAMMING(C OMI
TER5S
SEMANTICS),
(*SEMANTICS,
PROGRAMMING(COMOUTV RS ) , REAL TIME,
PROGRAMMING
LANGUACES,
COMPUTER
,
STORAGE
DEVICES,
INPUT-OUTPUT DEVICES
IDENTIFIERS:
TIME SMARING(COMPUTERS), MA"
PROJECT,ON-LINE SvstEMS, MULTIPLE ACCESS SYSTEM,
FILESTRUCTURES,
;ItRARCHT,
(U)
(UI
ALGOL
THE SEMANTICS
RkE OEP .NED FOR A Nt.18ER OF META INSTR CT IONS *"ICU PERFORM OPERATIONS ESSENTIAL TO
THE WRITING OF PRqGRAMS IN MULTIPROGRAMMED COMPuTFP
SYSTEMS.
PARALLEL
ASE
COMPUTATIONS,
AMONG
USERS
OBJCTS,
TWE
STRuCTuRtD.
CONTEMPLATED
AND
AN
Mfy*-INSTRuCTIONS RELATE TO
PROTECTION OF SEPARATE
PROCESSING,
ADVAN
PROGRAM
OF
kiMOR
NAMES
TM!
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OF
DEBUGGING,
SEGMENTS
0RNIC
LANGQAGE
IS
')
MIDWAY
SNARING
COMPUTING
ARE
A
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AN
LANGUAGE,
A
S!
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ASSEMS .v
LANCJAGE
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IL)
.0 0J
UNCLASSF IV~'
DDC
REPORT
AD-628
BIBLIOGRAPHY~
135
OLSCRIPTIVE NO~t,
r ' NAL
jAN
616
1990
NC,.
AF
100i20
CA..47
MANI*ULATION.
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a UG 64-.AuG 63
BLACKWmELL, FREDE91CK
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30(602)-3516,
45940",
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PA,'C
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UNCIA455IFIED
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(*P ROG AMMING CDM PQTES) ,
LANGUAGES). 1POGPAM ?"1NG LANGUAGES,
ALGEBRA
SYSTEP'S,
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0ON- L INE
DEVELOMP'ENT
SYSTEm
REPORT
NOTE:
SUPPLE"ENTARN
THE
NO,
521-6001-RUOOO,
CONTRACT:
7ASK:
CONTRtOL
9/2
TR* SYSIEMS REDONDO REACH
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3OP
/OO131
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P-3279,
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COMPUTERS,
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STORAGE
INPUT-OUTPUT
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HISTORY,
DEVICES,
DEVICES,
MAGNETIC
TEACHING
MACHINES
(U)
IDENTIFIERS:
PREDICTION,
TIME
SHARING(COMPUTER3)
COMPUTER
TO
POTENTIALS
ENCODE
(2)
TO
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ARE
INFORMATION
!ARSE
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THE
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ALSO
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WHATEVER
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UNCLASSIFIED
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CA
MCNICA
SANTA
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/0032B
NO,
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AD-633
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CONT
SEARCm
BBLIOGRAPHY
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DEBUGG I NC,
DESCRIPTIVE
MAY
REPT,
NOTE:
66
PROFESSIONAL
19P
PAPER,
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GRANTE,
I
Sp-Z'4'41
N'O,
AF
CONTRACT:
ORDEM-773
|9(62&)-3I66,ARPA
REPORT
ED
UNCLASSIr
NOTE:
SUPPLEMENTARY
(oPRO6RAMMING(COMPQTERSl,
DESCRIPTORS:
OPERATIONS
STUDIES,
COMPUTER PERSONNEL,
CIRRECTIONS),
RESEARCH, PERFORMANCE TESTS, T ilE
SC-1OULING,
SIMULATION,
ONS,
EOUATf
ALGEBRA,
(UI
MULTIeLE ObERATION, HUMAN ENGINEERING
TIME SHARING(COMOUTERSI,
IDENTIFIERS:
SYSTEM,DEUGGING(COMPUTERS)
THE
EXPERIMENT
TIME-ShARING
OF
PERFORMANCE
TWELVE
SHOP,
STATEMENTS
EACH,
AND
ONE
20
X
?O
SIX
AND
CELL
TABLE.
PROBLEM
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S
SIX
WERE
DEBUGGED
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A
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THE
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DEBUG
AIND
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THE
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CENTRAL
MUCH
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CENTRAL
MAN
HOURS
AND
TIME
PROCESSOR
DEBUGGED
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DEBUGGED
THEIR
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TSS
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IN
TERMS
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LINE,
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A
A
ABOUT
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SLIGHTLY
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LINE
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TO
INTERPRET
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SINGLE
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THE
PROGRAM
SHOP SYSTEM WITH A OESK-TO-CSK
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MAN
IN
CLOSED
PROBLEM
PROGRAM
.DUTIONS
DEBUGGED
OFF
SIMULATED
WRITE
A
REPRESENTED
MAZE
A
GIVEN
EQUATIONS,
TO
PROGRAM
DEBOGGING
USING
TO
REQUIRED
A
USING
-rE
PARTICIPATED
WAS
ASKED
WAS
ALGEBRAIC
A
4OO-ENTRY
EACH
PROGRAMME*S
PROGLEM
SOLvt
REQUIRED
PROGRAMMERS
PROGRAMMER
EACH
STUDY,
AITH
(TSS)
SYSTEM
DEBUGGING
PROGOAMMERS
OF
cUl
SYSTEMS
OfF-LINE
PROGRAM
THE
COMPARED
PERFORMANCE
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,
ON-LINE
THREE
OF
TIME
USED
USED
AS
TIMES
WHO
PROGRAMMERS
PROGRAMMERS
LINE
USED
IN
WHO
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-
THIRD AS MANY MAN HOURS AND SLIGHTLY MORE CENTRAL
PROCESSOR TIME THAN T ,OSE WHO DEBUGGED THEIR MAZE
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OFF
(UI
LINE,
UNCLASSIFIED
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/
UNCLASSIFIED
DDi
REPORT
B!
LIOGRAPHY
rfARCH
h,., /00328
COM'.
s/B
9/4
AD-436 993
RAND CORP SANTA MSNICA CALIF
vO A HELPFUL ASSISTANT,
JOSS! INTRODUCTIO
50P
SAKER, C, L,
JUL
66
REPT, NO,
RM-SOS-#R,
Ar 41(436)-17O0,
CONTRACT:
UNCLASSIFIED REPORT
AVAILABILITYI RANQ CORP, 1700
MONICA, CALIF, $2,00.
SUPPLEMENTARY NOTE:
MAIN
ST,,
(U)
SANTA
(*COMPUTERS, eMAN-MACmINE SYSTEMS),
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JOSS(JOHNNIAC OPEN SHOP
IDENTIFIERS:
SYSTEM)
(U)
(U)
A STEP-BY-STEP DENWNSTRATION OF JOSS--A SYSTEM
DESIGNED TO PROVIQE THE INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST AND
ENGINEER WITH A PERSONAL COMPUTATIONAL SERVICE
IMMEDIATELY AVAILABLE, WHENEVER REQUIRED, IN HIS OWN
WORKING ENVIRONMEN T , THE DISTINGUISHING FEATURES
OF JOSS ARE: MOBILE CONSOLES EOUIPPED WITH
ELECTRIC T"OEWRITtRS FOR INPUT ANn OUTPUTS HIGHLY
READABLE AND POWElFUL LANGUAGE FOR NUMERIC
COMPUTATION; ENGLISH CAPITALIZATION, SPELLING, AND
PUNCTUATION RULES; EASY EDITING; OUICK RESPONSE:
EXACT INPUT; FAMIIAR DECIMAL ARITHMETIC; EXACT
OUTPUTI AND REPORT-QUALITY FORMATTED OUTPUT, THE
INTIMATE INTERACTION BETWEEN MAN AND MACHINE PERMITS
THE JOSS USER To 4XERCISE JUDGMENT CONTINUALLY
DURING THE COURSE OF COMPUTATION, CHANGING AND
MODIFYING THE PROCEDURE AS HE WISHES. THIS IS ONE
"F THE UNIQUE ASPECTS THAT DISTINGUISHES JOSS FROM
OTHER SYSTEMS AND HAS LED TO ITS ENTHUSIASTIC
ADOPTION BY THE RAND STAFF, THIS TALK WAS
PRESENTED TO THE ELEVENTH ANNUAL DATA
PROCESSING, CONFERENCE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF
ALABAMA BRMINGHA" CENTER ON 4 MAY 1966,
(U)
AUT HORU
20
UNCLASSIFIED
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UNCLASSIFIED
DDC
REPO
AD-640 057
COMPUTER
A STUDY
MACHINE
R
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RESEARCH CORP
15/
CAMBR!DGE
OF CONVERSATIONAL
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FOR
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AN INVENTORY CONTROL PROGRAM HAS BE!N DEVISED FOR
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A
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CRIrICAL LEVEL, THIS SYSTEM SHOULD BE GENERALLY
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(U)
A MODERATE NUMBER OF DISTINCT ITEMS, (AUTHOR)
3?
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FENICHELROBERT ROSS I
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JUL
46
MAC-TR-35
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NR-O48-I89, RP-O03-09-OI
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v
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BY THE USER,
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CHAPTER
PROMPTED
STUDY OF
DEFINE THE POWER AND NATURE OF THE SYSTEM,
ALGEBRAIC 'SIMPLIFICATION' HAS BEEN A BENCHMARK
ALGEBRAIC MANIPULATORS, AND IT IS DISCUSSED IN
CHAPTER IV. A MORE NOVEL APPLICATION, THAT OF
LIMIT PROBLEMS, IS DISCUSSED IN CHAPTER V,
FINALLY. CHAPTER VI CONSISTS OF MISCFLLANECUS
REMARKS ABOUT POSSIBLE AND IMPOSSIB f LINES OF
FURTHER
WORK.
(AUTHOR)
OF
(u)
UNCLASSIFIED
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UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
AD-657 203
MASSACHUSETTS
I//
INST OF
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SOFTWARE
(U)
PRODUCTS,
!TS
CONCLUSIONS
AIR
FOR
INTENDED
ITS
OF
PROJECT
AND
TOOLS
KNQ*LEDGE
SC-1E
AND
COMRUTER
AMMING
Rc.JECT
ADAM
SYSTEM),
MANAGEmENT
TONS,
THE
(U)
PERSONNEL
IPPRO
MLT
SYSTEMS,
EVALUATES
STORAGE,
CORE
FORCE
EVALLATION,
SYSTEM,
ADAM
ON-LINE
APPLICA
AIR
SYSTEMS,
DOCUMENTATION,
MAGNETIC
LANGUAGES,
REPORT
EITHER
SYSTEMS,
ING(COMPVTERS!,
SOF: RARE,
fNG
PROCESS
STORAGE
!DENTIFIERS:
THE
165
REPORT
(oDATA
DESCRIRTORS
PROGRAMMING
j,
TR-67-130
UNCLASSIFIED
DESIGN),
A,
OF
S,
THE
DISCUSSED.
43
UNCLASSIFIED
/00328
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
REPORT
SISLIOGRAP4Y
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
fOO320
AD-66I 539
j2
RAND CORP 5ANTA MU4NICA CAL.IF
JOSS: CENTRAL
ROCESSING ROUTINES,
AUG
REPT, N O,
67
Isar
RM-3270-pR
CONTRAC":
T
(u)
, 0,
74'620-63-C-0045
UNCLASSIFIED
OESCRIP
SMIY,
ORSI
REPORT
(*TIME
SHARING,
DATA
PROCESSING
SYSTEMS),
(ePROGRAMMING(COMPUTERS),
INSTRUCTION MANUALS), SUBROUTINES, FLOW
CHARTING,
LANGUAGES
MAN-MACH!NE
IDENTIFIERS:
T-lS
IS
A
JOSS,
REFERENCE
SYSTEMS,
CN-LINF
GUIDE
PROGRAMMING
(U)
(Ul
SYSTEMS
FOR
JOSS USERS
TO
lf)S
FOR COUCHING INSTRUCT
(1)
THE LANGUAGE USL
TO )OSS; (2)
JOSSIS RESPONSES TO
INSTRUCTONSI (3) THE COLLECTION OF MACHINELAN(.JAGE RCUINES (IN JOSS'1 CENTRAL COMPUTER)
RESPONSIBLE FOR INTERRETING AND
NESDNOING TO
INSTRUCTIONS1 AND c4) THE DETAILS AND DEC SIONS
THAT 13!;p.TW ALLY INFLUENCED THE LANGUAGE IND THE
DESIGN ANO IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ROUTINES, THE
MYRTAO DETAIL5 0
TOTAL SYSTEM DESIGN ARE GIVEN
CONSTANT ExPCSURE, AND PARTICULAR EMPHASIS IS PLACED
ON TNE CIELICATE BALANCE AND SYM81OSIS THAT MUST EXIST
A'1OG SYSTEM. LANQUAGE, COMPUTER, AND ROUTINES AND ON
THE PERVASiVE EFFECTS OF EACH COMPONENT ON THE
OTHERS, ToL MATERIAL IS PRESENTED IN A NARRATIVE
FORM, AUGMENTED 81 FLOW-CHART REPRESCNTATIONS OF MOST
OF THE P'INCIPAL fOUTINES, AND IS IN PART DESIGNED TO
SERVE AS PROLEGOMENA TO THE ANNOTATED MACHINELANGUAGE LISTINGS OF THE ROUTINES (COPIES OF WHICH
ARE
OBTAINABLE
FR$M
RAND),
(AUTHOR)
IV)
44
UNCLASSIF;ED
/OO328
UNCt.ASSIFIED
DDC
AD-661
RAND
THE
SANTA
CORP
IN
COPuTER
MONICA
YOUR
NO,
/00328
*ARE,*
,
26?
9-3
UNCLASSIFIED
SUPPLEMENTARY
CAL IF
FUTURE,
148p
67
NO :
CONTROL
9/'
551
NOV
REPT,
SEARCH
MISLIOGRAPH"
REPORT
NOTE:
REPORT
EE
ALSO
(*COMPUTERS,
DESCRIPTORS:
P-3279,
AD-431
9419
PREOICTIONS),
($DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS, REVIEWS),
INTEGRATED CIRCUITS, DATA STORAGE SYSTEMS,
MAGNETiC C RE STORAGE, PROGRAMMING(COMPUTERS),
FLOW CHARTING, MAN-MACMINE SYSTEMS, CODINGj
AMMING LANGUAGES, PUNCHED CARDS, INPUTOneC
OEvICES, TIME SHARING, CMLAON(U)
JOSS, PRIVACY
VTTNTllON-LINE SYSTEMS,
vL S:
(U)
DIVIDED INTO a MAIN PARTS, THE
A TUTORIAL DISCUSSION OF PRESENT
DEVELOPMENTS IN THE COMPUTER FIELD, BOTM FOR HIARDWARE
ANO FOR SOFTWARE, THE SECOND PART DISCUSSES
(U)
POTENTIAL FUTURE APPLICATIONS FOR THE COMPUTER,
THE REPORT
FIRST PART
IS
IS
45
UNCLASSIFIED
10032l8
UNCLASSIFIE
DOC
REPORT
A0-64
6
S/%0
SYSTEM
DEyELOPMENT
MANAOEMENT
DESCRIPTIVE
NOV
REPT,
CORP
SANTA
ORGANIZATION
67
SIP
NO,
UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE
CALIr
LEVIATHAN
tA
COMPLEX
(Ul
SIMULATION).
MEMO,,
G,
HOLMENM,
IZUCKERMAN,J,
REPORT
SOUTWERN
SCHOOL
DYNAMICS),
ENGINEER!
OF
SYSTEMS
1,
PLANNIN, ,
(OMANAGEMENT
BEHAVIOR,
PERFORMANCE(HUMAN)
LEARNING,
DESCRIBES
IN
A
BY
DEVELOPMENT
CORPONATIO
SCHOOL
SOUTHERN
STUDY
WAS
OF
LEVIATHAN
SIMULATION FOR
ORGANIZATIONS,
A
AND
OBJECTIVE
EXPERIENCE
ARE
GIVEN,
AND
ARE
FOR
OF
T4E
IN LARGE
TAEIR
DESCRIBED
FINALLY,
THE
COMPUTERIZED
EVALUATIONS
POTENTIAL
OF
UNIVERSITY
VEHICLE
MODEL,
LEVIATNAN
WITH
SUBJECTIVE
PRESENTED,
THE
MEMBERS
THE
STUDYING COMMUNICATION
THE LEARNING GROUP AND
EXPERIENCE
UNIQUENESS
AT
TKAINING
DEVELOPMENT
7YSTIM
STAFF
BUSINESS
IU)
SYSTEM
SYSTEM
FROM
AND
CALIFORNIA,
THE
AT
RESEARCHERS
CORPORATION
(U)
SYSTEPS
MANAGEMENT
1966
TEACHING
COMPUTERS,
ON-LINE
LEVIATHAN,
CONDUC'vD
*GROUP
COMMUNICATION,
(*SOCIAL
REPORT
ANGELES,
$SNESS ADMINISTRATION,
B
SIMULATION,
GRADUATE
LOS
(*SOCIOAETRICS,
IDENTIFIERS:
WITH
COOPERATION
CALIFOANIA,
METHODS),
PROJECT
Pi
PREPARED
NOTE:
OF
DESCRIPTORS:
THE
MONICA
TM-37f7/C OiO0
SUPPLEMENTARY
OF
/00O20
I
UNCLASSIFIED
THE
NO,
/1l
I
USING
TECHNICAL
NOTE:
CONTROL
S/
TRAINING
SYSTEM
COMPUTERIZED
V,
SEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY
SOME
THE
OF
AND
SOCIAL
SOME
THE
REFLECTIONS
MODEL
ON
ARE
tU)
(AUTHOR)
46
UNCLASSIFIED
/00320
UNCLASS IF It D
ADVANCED
1967
JANUARY
REPT,
30
TO
19628-67-C-0004
UNCLASSIFIED
(ODATA
PROCES2ING
OUTPUT
DEVICES,
LISr,
REPORT
1967
LABORATORY
30
TO
REPORT
JUNE
INCLUDE:
DEVELOPMENT,
LANGUAGE
PROGRAM
WORK
PROCESSING
PROGRAM
1967,
T
DONE
SOC
PROJECTS
PROGRAMMING
MAN-MACHINE
PROCESSING
MANAGEMENT.
SYSTEIS,
(U)
NET*ORkS
(u)
SYSTEMS
IN
TECHiNIoUES
A
,IPOT-
MAN-MACHINE
COMPILERS,
CN-LINE
DESCR!BES
!NFORMATION
AND
SHARING,
L4 NGLiSTICS,
ERS:
EvIE*S).
LANGUAGES,
REVIE*S)
SYS'EMS,
TIME
582
AD-61
ALSO
(*P'OGRAMMING
DESCRIPTORS:
LANGUAGE,
REPORT
SEE
NOTE:
SUPPLEMENTARY
THE
(U)
.JUNE 1967,
TM-687/008/00
NO,
CONTRACT:
TDENTIF
,
S3P
b7
JUN
D7RECTOR,
PERIOD
THE
rQR
AGENCY
PROJECTS
RESEARCH
THE
TO
REPORT
SUMMARy
TECHNICAL
SEMIANNUAL
CALIr
MONICA
SANTA
CORP
DEVELOPMENT
SfSTEM
/00328
31"
9/2
967
AD-661
NO,
CONTROt_
SEARCH
B1 L1OGRAPNY
RErP-
DOC
rROM
ARPA
THE
RESEARCH
1
JANUARY
COVERED
IN
THIS
LANGLAGE
LOmMUNIC
RESEARCH,
AND
TION,
COMPvTER
(AUTHOR1
UNCLAS5IFIED
/00328
UNCS.AS
DDC
AD-66i
REPORT
IF
ED
NO.
CONTROL
SEARC
SIBLIOGRAPHY
/0032
9/2
2?4
MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TEC- CAMSPtDGE
PROGRAM ANALYSIS OF DIGITAL Ccj'PUTEP.
DOCTORAL THESIS,
OESCRIPTIvE NOTE:
67
AUG
PRT,
*ILDE,DANIEL
193P
,u)
U,
MAC-TR-43
NO,
'
CONTRACT:
NONP-4
MR-ONB-18q,
PROJ:
2(0I1
RR-OO3-09Ol
UNCLASSIFIED
DESCRIPTORS;
CHARTING).
REPORT
(oPROGRAMPINO(COMPUTERS),
TIME
SHARING,
THESES,
FLO*
AuTOMAT.C,
"AN-MACHINE
REAL TIME, SUBROUTINES,
ALGORITHMS, ADAPTIvE SYSTEMS
ON-LINE SYSTEMS
IDENT'FIERS
SYSTEMS,
(Ul
(U)
PROPERTIES OF NON- AND SELF-MODIFYING
EADS TO THE DEFINITION OF INDEPENDENT
NON-MODIFYING PROGRAMS
INSTRUCTION,
ONLY INDEPENDENT INSTRULTIONS, AND SuC'4
COMPARING
PROg.RAmS
DEPENDENT
CONTAIN
PROGRAMS CAN BE ANALYZED
STEP ANALYSIS PROCEDURE.
BY A S-RAIGMT-FORWARD,
FIRST, PROGRAM CONTROL
AND
TWU-
FLOW IS DETECTED$ SECOND, THAT CONTROL FL^W IS USED
TO DE!EPMI"F PROGRAM DATA FLOW OR DATA PROCESSING,
HOWEVER, SELF-MODiFYING PROGRAMS CAN ALSO CONTAIN
DEPENDENT
INSTRUCTIONS,
AND
THEN
PR,,GRAM
CONTROL
FLOWS AND DATA FLOWS EXHIBIT CYCL.C INTERACTION,
THIS CYCLIC INTERACTION SUGGESTS L'ING AN iTERATIVE
OR RELAXATION ANALvSIS TECHNIQUE, INITIALLY, THE
RELAXA7ION PROCEDJRE DETERMINES A FIRST APPROXIMATION
TO CONTROL FLOWI THE SECOND STEP. TO DATk FLOA,
THESE TWO STEPS ARE REPEATED UNTIL STEADY-STATE
COND,TION IS REACHED, ALGOF ITHMS FOR IMPLEMENTING
AF FIRST ITERATION ARE PRESENTED, THESE
ALGORITHMS ARE CAPABLE OF ANALYZING PROGRAMS WHICH
NSTPVJCTIONS
AND PROCESS!NG
MODIFY THEIR CLNT.
DESCRIBED ARE DATA
WHILE EXECUTING, ALSO
STRUCTURES WHICH PEAMIy CONSTRUCTING rNCTIONAL
EXPRESSIONS FOR DATA FLOW OR INFORMATION PROCESSING.
FINALLY, ACTUAL OUTPUT FLOWCHARTS OF SELF-MOOIFYINC
lU)
PROGRAMS ARE DISPLAYED. (AUTHOR)
48
UNCLASSIFIED
/003do
0
UN CL.AS
sS
DDC
REPORT
AD-662
lP.1 OGRAPHYV
320
IF
rS
SE ARCH
CONTROL
NO'
100328
5/10
RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF
SYSTE-ATIC USE Or rYPERT OPINIONS,
NOW
&7
lap
MELMEN,OUAr
FL
0*-372
.
1
._NCLASS~rEFD
PR-MRT
DESCPIPTORS:
(*GROUP D*NAMICS. *DEC:SICo\
MrAKING).
PUBLIC OP1NION,
A ;rOMAIOki,
PROBLEM
,otvING, PRrDICTIONS, PERrOSMANCE(HUMANt
D0E.T Ir
STE'
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0 E L'P
TE :H N1
,E.,JOS S,
REPOR T
CAONS
c
ON-L INE
DISCUSS S BASIC PW:\C!PLES AND
VrOR THE DFURMI %CM1NIOCUE , V
C8ANIGOPINIONS CONCERNINqG C0,'~PLICAWLD
THE
AprP
UINCLASSIFIED
-.OmL
ISSUES,
fU)
'00328
UNCLASSIFIED
DDC
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
SYSTEM
QUUP
DEVELOPMENT
uSER'S
NC,
CONTRACT:
NO.
-'328
CORP
SANTA
MON!CA
CALIF
MANUAL.
DESCRIPTIVE NOTE:
S a
67
14
REPT,
CONTROL
9r2
'19
AD-662
SEARCr
kCmNICAL mtMO.,
SHISAN, ,. R.,
P
TM-271
"QCO/02
DAHCIS-.z-C-O079
REO:RT
UNCLASSIF ,ED
AVAILABILITY:
DuB6ISnED
IN
OPYRIGMTED
JOURNAL,
T
N
SUPPLEMENTARY
EI
IN
SoPPCOTEo
RESEARC
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BY
ARP A,
(OPRgG
DESCRIPTORS:
MANUALS?,
MAN-MACNINE
SYSTEM$
IDENTIFIERSI
THE
MANUAL
0-32
AND
IS
ON-LINE
LUCID
DATA
;m
ON-LINE
BASES,
FORMATS
AS
IT
T
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FO;
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Sv
DESIGNED
QUERY
AS
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CONTAINS ALL
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INPUT $QRMR
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JSE,
COMPREHENSIVE
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U
RETRIEVAL
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USE
DESCRIBES
O
T!XT@ZcKS,
OLUP
UPDATE
CAPABILITIES
A
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INSTRUCTION
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T-F
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PRoQ"RA
U)
50
UNCLASSIFIED
/00321
UjNC,.Ar-S Ir
DOC
REP~kT
BItLICGQAPH-
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SEAR H
CCNTRC4
oO32k
NO,
AD-662
66!
6/59/
MASSACHU~SETTS
INS T CP YEC " CA MAR!D GE
A SYSTEM FOR CC"P..TER-A;^,ED
":AGNOSIS.
DESCRIPTI-E NOTE:
CC T RAI
?Is
SEP
67
256P
ORRY,CEORGF, ANT"O'4v
RE,
N,.
'AC-TR-4k
-ONTAC!:
NONR4IO2(0OI
t-NC,.ArSIFIEC
REPORT
OESCRAI~ORS:
(*DIAGINOSIS,
OCOMPTER
PROGRAMS).
TIME SHARING,
COMPUTERS,
mODE~LS(SI"VLAT IONS),
THEC-ES,
PROBAB!LlTy,
REAL
TIME,
PATTERN
IT I ON
RE
IDENTIFIERS:
CN-L!N'l
(J
SYSTEmS
(U
lo'ESIS DESCRIBES A MODEL
\O~*i
PCBLEAND
A COMPUTER PROGRAM DESICGNED
'0
DEAL bvITm THI
PROBL.EM.
THE
MODEL
D)IAGN^S51C
PROe,,EM
IS AN
ABSTRACT PROBLEm'.
A MAJCR COINTENT!CN
OF
THIS
T HE SIS,
MOREV E R,
IS; THAT THI
PROBLEM
3,BSjMC'.
'HE
PRINCIPAL
FEAIIURES CF A NUM"BER OF CS'fNSIBIv
THE
DIFFERENT
REA_
DIAGNOSTIC
PROBE'45
JNCLDIN(L
CER7A!V
PROBLEMS OF MEDICAL DIAGNCSIS AND THE DIAGN7S7S
MACHINE FAILLRES.
A SECOND
mA
R
CZ'ErC'C
0
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THESIS !S THAT STRATEC:Fc FC
!M"E
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MODEL DIAGNOSTIC
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EXPLICI'r '-, P*mj
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PRO,)EC'T M AC .
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AS APPL IE'
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AND THE -fAGNOS!S -- -R:HARv
BJONE
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(7
THE RESULTS OBTAINFD oERE SLO;, ST
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AS A -DIAGNOSTIC
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TC
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SIBLIOGRAPHY
SEARCH
CONTROL
AD-663 325
MASSACHQSETTS
9/5
INST OF
9/2
TECH CAMBRIDGE
Et. CTRONICS
A PR04RAM FOP
ON-lINE
ANALYSIS
OF
/00328
RESEARCH
LAB
OF
NONLINEAR
ELf ,RON!C
CIRCUITS,
47
6P
KATZENELSON.J#OB
EVANSDOAVID S. ;LqE,HARRV 8,
1
CONTRACT:
DA- 3-OJ-AMC-0aOQ(E,,
PROjI
DSR-6132, OSP-94'
NO,
(U
I
NSG-496
UNCLASSIFIED REPORT
AVAILAUILITYI PUBMISHED IN IEEE INTERNATIONAL
CONVENTION RECORD OT, 5 P89-94 1967,
SUPPLEMENTARY NOTE?
RESEARCH SUPPORTED !N PART
FORCE, ARPA, AND NONR,
BY
AIR
DESCRIPTORSI
($ELECTRICAL NETWORKS, ANALYSIS),
DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS, TIME SHARING, COSTS,
NONLINEAR SYSTEMS, REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEMS,
PROGRAHMING(COMPUTg;RS,
DISPLAY SYSTEMS,
INPUT-OUTPUT
IDENTIFIERSI
LINE
SYSTEMS,
DEVICgS
COMPATIBLE
AEDNCT,
LU)
TIME-SHARING
BATCH
SYSTEM,
ON-
PROCESSING
(U)
USERS HAVE FOUND THAT AEDNET PROGRAM TO BE
ATTRACTIVE BECAUSE OF THE EASE WITH WHICH IT CAN BE
USED, THE SPEED OF RESPONSE, AND THE FACT rHAT A USER
NEED NOT SPECIFY THE COURSE OF HIS ANALYSIS AT THE
OUTSET, THE COST 9F TE MINAL hANOWARE AND PROGRAM
DEVELOPMENT PRESENTLY IS HIGH,
SHOULD BE GREATLY REDUCED WHEN
FACILITIES BECOME COMMERCIALLY
HOWEVER, COSTS
ON-LINE COMPUTATIONAL
AVAILABLE AND USERS
COOPERATE
IN PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT, THUS IT APPEARS
LIKELY THAT ON-LINE CIRCUIT ANALYSIS PROGRAMS WILL
FIND EXTENSIVE USE IN BOTH INDUSTRY AND EDUCATION,
(AUTHOR)
(U)
54
UNCLASSIFIED
/003
8
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
REPORT BIBLIOGRAPHY
SEARCH
9/2
15/$
AD--66q 039
RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF
COMBAT -- A S:RIES OF ON-LINE
FORCE COST ANALYSIS,
67
DEC
REPT,
NO,
asP
TENGC.
CONTROL
COMPUTER
100320
NO*
PROGRAMS FOR
cut
ITENZER,A.
J,
I
P-364b
UNCLASSIFIED REPORT
PRESENTED AT THE 1947 COMPVTER
SUPPLEMENTARY NOTE:
BY THE INDUSTRIAL COLLEGE
SPONSORED
SUMMER WORKSHOP
OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THE UNITED STATES MILITARY
ACADEMY, WEST POINT, N, Y,4 JUL 20 1947,
(*DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS, ARMED
DESCRIPTORS:
FORCES OPERATIONS), (eARMED FORCES OPERATIONS,
COST EFeECTIVENESS), COSTS, COMPUTER PROGRAMS,
DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS, MILITARY REQUIREMENTS,
DEC'SION MAKING, EFFECTIVENESS, MA',HEMATICAL
MODELS, ITERATIVE METHODS
ON-LINE SYSTEMS, COMBAT(COST
IDENTIFIERSI
ORIENTED MODELS BUILT TO ANALYZE TRADEOFFS), TRADE OFFS
THE REPORT DESCRIBES A NEW FORCE STRUCTURE COSTESTIMATING MODEL CALLED COMBAT, IT IS PROGRAMMED
FOR AN ON-LINE COMPUTER SYSTEM, AND DESIGNED WITH
WAR GAMING ACTIVITY IN MIND, COMBAT STANDS FOR
T
TO ANALYZE TRADE-OFFS,
COST ORIENTED MODELS BUIL
(U)
(U)
THE
IU)
5S
UNCLASS IF IED
/003
8
/*/
/
UNCLASS IFI~ED
D.C
AD-,64
RE*ORT
BIRLiOGRAPHY
337
NO,
100328
SYSTEM,
fU)
67
asaP
MTR-243
CONTRACT:
PROJI
CONTROL
9/0
MITRE CORP BEDFORD MASS
A USER'S GUIDE TO THE ADAM
DEC
REPTo NO,
SEARCH
AF
194624)-5165
soar
MONITORI
ESD
T-64-444
UNCLASSI
DESCRIPTORSI
IEQ
REPORT
(*DATA
PROCESSING
SYSTEMS,
INSTRUCTION
MANUALS), COMMAND * CONTROL
SYSTEMS, PROGRAMMIN61COMPUTERS), PROGRAMM;NG
LANGUAGES, COMPILEIS, SYSTEMS ENGINEERING,
COMPUTER PROGRAMS,
SYNTAX, REAL TIME,
INFORMATION
SUBROUTINES
RE,4.EVAL,
IDENTIFIERS:
ON-LINE SYSTEMS, IBM 7030, ADAM
SYSTEM, FAFLE PROGNAMMING LANGUAGE, DAMSEL
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
ThE REPORT DESCRIPES THE KINDS OF CAPABILITIES
AVAILABLE IN THE ADAM SYSTEM AND THE WAY IN WHICH
THEY ARE USED, THg PROCESSES FOR CREATING AND
MAINTAINING A DATA BASE, SPECIFYING FORMATS,
MODIFYING THE FOR" OF THE INPUT, AND SPECIFYING
PROCEDURES ARE DESCRIBED, THE FABLE, IVGL, AND
DAMSEL LANGUAGES ARE ALSO DESCRIBED, (AUTHOR)
(U)
(U)
EU)
56
UNCLASSIFIED
/003a*
41I
UNCLaSIFIED
CDC
AD-666
REPORi
BIBLIOGRAPHY
409
SEARCH
S/
CONTROL
MONICA CALIF
TESTER,
DESCRIPTIVE NOTEI
TECHNICAL MEMOt
NOV
47
33P
LONVEDo
L,
NO,
CONTRACT:
1OOa8
9/2
SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT CORP SANTA
TGTI TRANSFORMATIONAL GRAMMAR
REPT,
NO,
(U)
ISCHOENEW,
TM-37S9/000/00
F19636-bT-C-OOOH
UNCLASSIFIED REPORT
DESCRIP-ORS:
(*TRANSFORMATIONAL
GRANMARS,
ANALYSIS), COMPUTER PROGRAMS, LINGUISTICA,
TIME SHARING, PHRASE STRUCTURE GRAMMARS
IDENTIFIERS:
TRANSFORMATIONAL
ON-LINE SYSTEMS
THE
iNSFORMAT!ONAL
GRAMMAR
GRAMMAR
(U)
TESTER
(TGT)
IS A PROGRAM SYSTEM FOR
A TIME-SHARED COMPUTER,
ON-LINE INTERACTIVE
A SYSTEM ESPECIALLY
To
OF
RELIEVE
THE
LINGUIST
(U)
TESTER,
MANY
MECHANICAL
USE WITH
DESIGNED
OPERATIONS
AND BOOKKEEPING PROCESSES ASSOCIATED WITH BUILDING
AND VALIDATING TRANSFORMATIONAL GRAMMARS, WITH
TGT, THE LINGUIST CAN BUILD FILES OF RULES AND
TREES REPRESENTING SENTENCE STRUCTURES, AND CAN
ACHIEVE RAPID TESTING, EXECUTION AND MODIFICATION
HIS FILES, (AUTHOR)
OF
(U)
57
UNCLASSIFIED
/00328
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
AD-644
530
ROYAL AIRCRAFT
MERCURY
THE
REPT,
MERCURY
OCT
NO,
9ri
ESTABLISHMENT
MINIJOSSI
DESCRIPTIVE
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
/0030
FARNSOROUGH
MULTI-ACCESS
(ENGLAND)
INTERACTIVE USE OF
COMPUTER,
NOTE:
(Ul
TECIHNICAL
67
IP
RAE-TR-6027?
UNCLASSIFIED
REPT,,
GILBEY,u,
M,
I
REPORT
DESCRIPTORSI
I*PROGRAMMINGICOMPUTERSI,
MULTIPLE OPERATION), REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEMS,
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, FLOW CHARTING,
SHARING, COMPILERS, GREAT BRITAIN
IOENTIFIERSI
SYSTEMS
A
SIMPLE
MERCURY
(U)
ON-LINE
(U)
JOSS-TYPf
THE R,Afo MERCURY
AVAILABLE TO UP TO
SIMULTANEOUSLY FOR
EXPRESSIONS
EDITING AND
(AUTHOR)
COMPUTERS,
TIME
AND FgR
RUNNING
SYSTEM
IS DESCRIBED WHEREBY
COMPUTER CAN BE MADE
FIVE INCEPENDENT USERS
ON-LINE EVALUATION OF SIMPLE
PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT TESTING,
IN A SPECIAL LANGUAGE,
(U)
58
UNCLASSIFIED
/003as
•
*4
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
SEARCH
CONTROL
912
634
CALIFORNIA UNIV BERKELEY
REFERENCE MANUAL TIME-SHARING SYSTEM,
REVISED ED,,
DLSCRIPT-VE NOTEI
DEUTSCH,L, PETER
49P
67
NOV
I
DURHAM,LARRY ;LAMPSONBUTLER W,
lI
RREPTg NO,
NO,
100328
AD-667
UNCLASSIFIED
(U)
I
REPORT
(*DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS, TIME
DESCRIPTORS:
SHARING), (OPROGRAMMING(COMPUTERS), MULTIPLE
(*TIME SHARING, INSTRUCTION
OPERATION),
T
MANUALS), SCHEDULING, TELETYPE SYS EMS,
CONTROL SYSTEMS, DATA STORAGE SYSTEMS
FLOATING-POINT OPERATIQN,
IDENTIFIERS!
REMOTE
fU)
ON-LINE
(U)
SYSTEMS
TIME-SHARiNG SYSTEM I|. DIVIDED
INTO THREE MAJOR PARIS' THE MONITO*, THE
EXECU*IVE, AND THE SUBSYSTEMS, ONLY THE FIRST TWO
T
HIS MANUAL,
OF THESE ARE DISCUSSED IN DETAIL IN
THE MANUAL ATTEMPTS TO DESCRIBE EXHAUSTIvELY ALL
'0 61VE
THE FEATURES OF THE MONITOR AND IN ADDITIO
THE
BERKELEY
OF
NUMBER
IMPLEMENTATION
DETAILS,
IT
A
A'SO
OF THE EXECUTIVE WHICH CAN
THE WORD MONITOR IS USED
T
THE SYSTEM WHICH IS
OF
PORTION
HAI
TO
TO REFER
CONCERNED WITH SCHEDULING, INPUT-OUTPUT, INTERRUPT
PROi.ESSVNG, MEMORY ALLOCATION AND SWAPPING, AND THE
CONTROL OF ACTIVE PROGRAMS, THE EXECUTIVE IS
DESCRIBES THOSE
BE INVOKED BY A
FEA'URFS
PROG4AM,
CONCERNED WITH THE CONTROL OF THE DIRECTORY OF
SYMBOLIC FILE NAMES AND BACKUP STORAGE FOR THESE
FILES, AND VARIOUS MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS, OTHER
PARTS OF THE EXECUTIVE HANDLE THE COMMAND LANGUAGE BY
WHICH THE USER CONTROLS THE SYSTEM FRCM HIS TELETYPE,
THE IDENTIFICATION OF USERS AND SPECIFICATION OF THE
LIMITS OF THEIR ACCESS
SUBJECTS ARE DISCUSSED
MA, JAL, AD-667 63S,
THESE
TO
THE
SYSTEM,
IN
THE
EXECUTIVE
REFERENCL
(Ul
59
UNCLASSIFIED
-
/OOj32
UNCLASSIv*ED
DOC
AD-k67
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPhY
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
/O0328
9/
635
CALIFORNI; UNIV OgPKELEY
REFERENCE MANUAL tOR THE TIMf-SHARING EXECUTIVE,
IETHERTONM, I
DUNHAM L,
aip
&a
JAN
REPT, NO,
R-2
CONTRACTI
(Ju
SO-1as
4
IUNCLASSIFED
REPORT
(*DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS. TIME
DESCRIPTORSI
oePROGrAMMING(COMPUTERS), MULTIPLE
SHARING',
OPERATION), (OTIME SHARINGf INSTRUCTION
MANUALSI, TELETYPE SYSTEMS, REMOTE CONTROL
SYSTEMS, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, INPUT-OUTPUT
DEVICES
IDENTIPIERS3
ON-LINE
(Ul
(Ul
SYSTEMS
PROjECT GENIE OPERATING SYSTEM IS A MEDIUM
,jLTI-,CCESS COMPUTATIONAL SYSTEM WHICH
SCALE
IMPLEMENTS A POWE7fUL AND COMPLEX USER MACHINE,
THE
IT
IS THE ROLf OF THE COMMAND LANGUAGE (HERE CALLED
THE EXECUTIVE) TO PROVIDE SOME TOOLS TO CONTROL
THIS USER MACHINE, AND TO PROVIDE THOSE SERVICES
WHICH USERS HAVE COME TO EXPECT OF CONVERSATIONAL
SYSTEMS, THIS DOCUhENT DESCRIeES THE SYSTEM
COMMAND LANGUAGE,
Jul
60
UNCLASSIFIEO
tOO300j
UNCLASSIFIE
DDC
AD-667
REPORT
USER
NO,
/00328
9/2
639
UNIV
CALIFORNIA
A
CONTROL
SEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY
MACHINE
BEPKELEY
A TIME-SMARIKG
IN
UNCLASSIFIED REPORT
AVAILABILITY! PJBLISHED IN
W,
I
I
PROCEEDINGS
IEEE, VS4 N12 P1766-7' )966,
REPORT ON
SUPPLEMENTARY NOTE:
OF REPORT DATED 12 JUL 66,
(U)
SYSTEM,
REVISED ED,,
DESCRIPTIVE NOTE:
LAMPSONB,
12P
AUG
66
IPIRTLE,M, W,
LICHTENSERGERW, W.
SD-85
CONTRACT!
PROJ,
OF
GENIL,
THE
REVISION
(*OATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS, *TIME
DESCRIPTORS:
(OPROGRAMMING(CCMPUTERS), MULTIPLE
SHARING),
OPENATION), DATA STORAGE SYSTEMS, REMOTE CONTROL
AN-MACHINE
SYSTEMS. INPUT-OUTPUT DEVICES,
SYSTEMS
GENIE
IDENTIFIERS9
ON-LINE SYSTEMS
PAPER
THE
(U)
PROJECT,
MUL'IPROCESS:NG,
lU)
THE
DESCRIBES
DESIGN
THE
OF
MACHINE-LANGUAGE PROGRAMMER IN A
SYSTEM DEVELOPED AT THE UNIVEPSITY OF
BY
A
AT BERKELEY, SOME Of
MACHINE ARE EXECUTED
THE INSTRUCTIONS
BY THE HARDWARE,
CIMPUTER
SEEN
TIME-SHARING
CALIFe)RNIA
IN THIS
AND SDME
ARE
IMPLEMENTED BY SOFTWARE, THE USER, HOWEVER, TH:NKS
MACHINE, A MACHINE HAVING
OF THEM ALL AS PART OF HlUNUSUAL CAPABILITIES, -ANY OF WHICH
EXTENSIVE AK)
MIGHT BE PART OF TWE HARDWARE 0. A 'CONSIDERABLMORE EXPENSIVE) COMPUTER. AMONG THE IMPORTANT
FEATURES OF THE MACHINE ARE THr ARITHMETIC AND STRING
MANIPULATION INSTRUCTIMNS, THE VERt GENERAL MEMORY
13N MECHANISM, AND THE
ALLOCATION AND CONFIGL
CAN BE CRf ATED BY THE
MULTIPLE PROCESSES *H:,
F R COMMUNICATION
PROGRAM. FACILITIES ARE PROVIOED
AMONG THESE PROCESSES AND FC<"' THE CONTROL OF
EXCEPTIONAL CONDITIONS. THE !NPUT-CUfPUT SYSTEM jS
CAPABLE OF HANDLING ALL OF THE PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT
IN A UNIFORM AND CONVENIENT MANNER THMOUGH FILES
HAVING SYMBOLIC NAMES, PF;OGRAMS CAN ACESS FILES
Bt1LONGING TO A NUMBER
PROTECT HiS OWN FILES
OF PEOPLI, BJT EACH PERSON CAN
FROM t.NAUTHoi*ZED ACCESS BY
OTHERS. SOME AENTION IS MADE AT VARIO jS POINTS
THE TECHNIOJES OF IMPLEMENTATION, 8QT THE MAIN
EMPHASIS
(AUTHOR,
IS
ON
THE
APPEARANCE
OF
T"'E
USEF'S
Cc
MACHINE,
U)
UNCLASSIFIED
/00329
INFORMATION
RETRIEVAL
DtC
AD-aSS
PEPO1
T
1 OGRAPHY
SEARCk
CONTROL
kJ:)
/0 0 3l2Y
('9
MASSAC4LjSETTS
*EMOTE
Or TECH
CONSOLE FOR
INST
DISPLAY
'.ExINCTON LINCOLN
COMPUTER
L.E
P ROCSSEO
DATA
(
JAN
REPT,
41
No,
CONTRACT!
IV
ZIEA N
AF11
6O1
INE0OO
:.
7O00
UNCLASSIWiED
DESCRIPTORS!
COMPL'TERS,
*DAT.A
*DIGITAL
*MAGNETIC CORES,
STORAGE DEVICES,
IDENTIFIERS:
THE
E
T Ra3 7
REMCTE
SITUATION
REPORT
TRANSMISSION
SYSTEMS
T
CATHODE RAY
DATA STORAGE
AN/FSQ-7,
DISPLAY
DISPLAY
.DIg!TAL
SYSTEMS,
JBE
CODING,
SvSTEMS
COM7ETE
(Uj
(u
SAGE
CONSOLE
BuT
SYSTEMS,
0DISwL.Av
CAN
S IMULATeS
BE
AN
LOLATEC RrEM
EO-7
ELY
fR
"
T
TqE PROCESSING COMPUTER WI H ONL
A TELEPHONE-LINE 0 R
RADIO-LINK CONNECTTON, THE SYSTEM WAS A :30-.-CPS,
1 -2-8IT
MESSAGE FORMAT *HIC,
PERMITS THE TRANSmIsSIC,
0F APPROXIMATELY IN MESSAGES/SFC, A FERqjTF CORE
MEMORY SORES 62 OF THESE MESSAGES, EACH OF WHICH CA N
,OP,SIST OF
4,
8,
O
3
S
THE CONSOLE ; S
FOR T HE DIGITAL DATA
BE SuPL:ED By THE
FqAMES/SEC T.E DISPLAY IS
P,1
LS,
COMPLETE.Y SELFCONTAIqFD EICEPl
RECEIVER, *MICH WOUtO NORPIAL-LY
TELEPHONE CO4PANY, AT
0
ESSENTIALL
FL ICKER FREE AND BRIGHT ENOVGI
TO BE
VIEWED COMFORTABLY IN A OELL-LICHTEO Room, THE TUb
L ED ~ROVIDES A RESOLU T ION EOUIVALENT IC 5000 TO BOOC
T
V L'NES AND PRESENTS NEtLIG:BLE D!STORTION 0
SYMBOLS TO TNf EXTREME EDGES OF THE 19*1 .
uBsf,
AUTHOR
UNC
U
S
VIED
0 1^
)
//
UNCLASS
DOC
i
AO-
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
IIED
SEARCH
532
CON-ROV. NO,
/0032q
THOMPSON RAMC WO06DRI,'.CE INC CANOGA PARK CAL!F
AN ON-LINE COMPUTING CENTER FOR SC'ENT!FIC
PROBLERS
JAN
(U)
63
REPT, NO,
CONTRACT?
IV
M19 3U)
AFIO 402
CULLERGLEN
JIFRIED,BURTON
0,;
2762
UNCLASSIVICO REPORY
DESCRIPTORS:
#DIGITAL
SYSTEMS,
*INFORMATION
RETRIEVAL, eLIVER VIRUSES, COHPUTER
r'IGITAL COMPUTERS, RESEARCH PROGRAM
AN
ON-LINE
DIGITA6
SYSTEM
ALLOWING
DIRECT COUPLING aETWEEN THE USER
MAT':EMATICIAN, ZNGINEER) AND THE
DESCRIBED,
SUCCEc
THIS
FULLY
DESIGNED
SISTEM,
WH:CH
OPERATED DURING
PRINCIPA6LY
TO
LOGIC, COMPUTERS,
OMINISTRATION
(U)
AN
HAS
BEEN
THE PAST
PROVIDE
UNUSUALLY
(PHYSICISTS
COMPUTER IS
S!X
ASSISTANCE
MONTH ,
WAS
FOR
PROBLEMS WHOSE STRUCTURE IS PARTIALLY UNKNOWN (AND
FREQUENTLY SURPRI$IG , THESE TYPICALLY REQUIRE
THE DEVELOPMENT Or NEW METHODS OFATTACK, AND HENCE
AN
AMOUNT OF PROGqAM EXPERiMENTATION NOT FEAb.fLL
CLASSICAL COMPUTER CENTER ORcANIZATIONS, WITH
THE SVSIEM DESCRIBED HERE, THE INTERACTION BETWEEN
USER AND CIMPUTER IS CLOSE ENOUGH TO PERMIT EFFECTIVE
WITH
USE OF A SCIENTIST'S INTUITION AND OF HIS OET 'LED
UNDERSTANDING OF TECHNIQUES AND PROCEDURES, MACHINE
REPRESENTA'IONS OF' THOSE TOOLS HE CONSIDERS ESSENTIAL
TO
OR
HIS AREA# AND THEN USE THESE, ON-LINE,
SOLVE PROBLEMS OF INTEREST, (AUTHORI
TO
STUDY
(U)
64
UNCL.ASSIF|ED
I1U
/00329
F
DOC
REPORT
SEAR-
CONTROL
NO,
/0039
349
AD-'400
ZATOR
CO
WANTED:
OCT
REPT,
BIBLiOGRAPHY
A
NO,
CONTRACT!
MONITOR:
CAMBR!DGE
REACTIVE
1V
2
4
.-To1
AF41
AFOS
USE
OF
I
REPORT
oINFORMAT!ON
DESCRIPTORS:
(U)
[,
638 316
2711
UNCLASSIFIED
FUTURE
MASS
TOEWR!TER
MO)RSCALVIN
REMOTE
.u)
RETRIEVAL
COMPUTERS
BY
WINE CONNECTION TO THE COMtJTEfR,
THE RE^CTIVE TYPEWRITER, AND THE
MEANS
OF
TYPEWRITEPS
IROGHAMMING
FEATURES or
LANGUAGE
THE TRAC
WITH
FOR
LANGUAGE,
65
UNCLASSIPtED
w
/00329
UNCLASS .F! C
DOC
REPORT SIB
06RAPHY
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
10033V
AD-43? C96
STANFORD RESEARCH INST MENLO PARK CALIF
RESEARCH ON COMPUTER AUGMECNTED INF'ORMATiOlf
MANAGEMENT,
NOV
i,1
59F
BOURNE,CNARLES P.
CONTRACTi
AV19 &as
j;
PROjf
40
MONITOR:
ESD
TI6
177
UNCLASSIFIED
SJPPLEMENTARY
(U)
REPORT
NOTE:
DESCRIP70RSJ
4INEORl4ATION RE7*I'EVAL, MANAGEMENT
ENGINEENINGI, (*MANAGEMENT ENGINEER,'NO, C ;MPUTERSI,
OPERATION,
NPUTw0UTPU? DEVICES, MAGNETIC TAPE
IDENTIKIERS:1
AN/F40-32, MACM4INE F!LE, INF!nRMATIONMANAQZMENT
SSSTg)
U
(v)
T"'E VORK REP09790 *AS CONCERNED PRINARILY W!TM YHE
DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF AN INFORMATIONMANACEp CNT
SUBSYSTEM TM.AT WOULD OPER-TE IN THE CNYINNMENT OF A
COOPERATIVE $MAN/CQMPUTER SYSTEM~ FOR THE PRODUCTION Of
OPERATING COMPUTER PROGOAMS, AN EXPERIMENTAL SYSTEM
WAS DEVELOPED WHICH UI&AZF6' T4E ANoF5o#ja COMPUTER
IN A TIME-SXAR:NG MODE Of OPF*AT1ONt AS WELL AS A
CATHODE MAY TUBE DISP6AY AND ASSOCIPATED ;NPUT-OUTPUT
FACILITIES FO* I4EAL-TIME MACkINE VSE 5! A PR0AAMMER,
A NUMBER OF SYMBOL IrANI~liLATc(Fw TECmH
GuES IE,G,,
INSERT, DELETE; DEVELOPED ON THE ARPA PROJECT
WERE USED FOR TK-E EDITING AND MANIPLATION OF TEXT
AND PROGRAMMING MATERIAL. ON TM!! DISPLAr, )IETH005 OF
FILE ORGANIZATION WENE STUDIED AND ESTAbLISpHED -Oq
THE #ACHINE FILE, PROCEDURES WERE CSTA3L SN~ED FOR
087AINi7NG AND USING MACHINEREAOAZLE RECORDS FROM ALL
OF THE PROJECT RECONDS (EG,, MEMOS,
CORRESPONDENCE, BIBLOGRAPHIl.%, REPORT5t GENERATED
BY THEC VSCP GROUP, TO SERVE AS THE BASIS FOR AN
EXPERIMENTAL MACMINE FILE, THIS MACHINE F;LE WAS
ESTABLISHED, ALI,,40 011H APPROPRIATE FILE SEARCH
ROUTINES, TO PERMIT TX!~ READING OF THE NATURAL TEXT
OF THE FILE MATERIAL, STVDIES WERE MADE OF
METHODS TO AUTOMATICALLY DETERMINE ALTERNATE SEARCH
PRESCRIPTIONS, AND IVISP%,A- THESE TO T 4f INQUINOR,
PROCEDURES WERE ESTAIS ISHED YO PERFORM SOME COPY
EDITING OF THE TEST 4ATERIAL (C,G,, CHCK FOR
CORRECT SPELLING), gAUTHO0RP
gul
66
UNCLASSIFIED
/00329
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
REPORT
SEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY
CONTROL
NO,
/00329
~~AD-467
LETIALEGNERN
]$
PENNSYLVANIA
UNIV
PHILADELPHIA
MOORE
SCHOOL
Of
A PROBLEM SOLVING
FACILITY,
ENGINEER!NG
ELEITRICAL
SREPT.
(U)
DESCRIPTIVE NOTE!
TECHNICAL REPT,, APR 43-JUL 65,
t
WEXILBLATRICHARD L,
65
62P
JUL
64-02
No,
CONTRACT2
NONR35$ q8
UNCLASSIFIED
SUPPLEMENTARY
REPORT
NOTE:
(eDECISION
DESCRIFTORSI
MAX!NG,
COMPUTERS ,
(*REASONING, COMPUTERS), REAL TIME,
INFORMATION RETRIEVALt PROGRAMM:NG(COMPUTERS).
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, COMPUTER STORAGE SYSTEMS,
STORAGE SYSTEMS, LEARNING, COMPUTER
DIGITAL CCMPUTERS, HUMAN ENGINEERING
MULTILANG, PROBLEM SOLVING
IDENTIFIERS:
DATA
THE OBJECTIVE
COMPUTER *ITH
LOGIC,
(U)
(U)
OF THE REPORTED WORK IS TO SET UP A
A LARGE MEMORY FOR ON-LINE, REAL TIME
USE
TO AID IN HUMAN PROBLEM SOLVING, C MBINING THE
COMPUTATIONAL ABILITIES OF THE COMPUTER AND ITS
LARGE
ABILiTY TO STORE, RETR'EVE AND MANIPU. 'E
MASSES Of DATA, INFORMATION RETRIEVAL PROGRAMS USE
MULTILIST YECHNIOUES TO SIMULATE AN ASSOCIA Jf
MEMORY, MULTILANG, THE EXECUTIVE LANGUAGE, SERVES
BOTH AS A CONTROL LANGUAGE AND AS A PROGRAMt:NG
L4NGUAGE,
(U)
(AUTHOR)
67
UNCLASS IFIED
/00329
/
UNCLASSIFIED
DD'
4
REPORT BIBLIOGRAPHY
SEARCH CONTROL
NO*
/0302Y
AD-4O8 3's4
GENERAL ELECTRIC CO SANTA BARBARA CALIF TECHNICAL
L ITAY
PLANNING OPERATION
THE APPLICATION AND IMPLEMENfATION OF DEACON TYPE
SYSTEMS,
IV)
DESCRIPTIVE NOTE:
SEMI-ANNUAL TECHNICAL REPT
FOR APRSEP 440,
OCT
64
9#40
THOMPSON,FREDERICK 8, 1
REPT, NO,
RM4*TMP-11
CONTRACT:
NONR4IO
00
PROJI
NRO|| 05 Oa
UNCLASSIFIED
SUPPLEMENTARY
REPORT
NOTE:
DESCRIPIORSI
(*MILITARY INTELLIGENCE, INFORMATION
RETRIEVAL), (*COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEMS, INFORMATION
RETRIEVAL), (.INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, COMMAND AND
CONTROL SYSTEMS), LANGUAGE, DECISION MAKING,
COMPUTERS, ARTIPICIAL INTELL1GENCE, DA A PROCESSING
SYSTEMS
;U
AND
ACCESS
ENGLISH
DEACON (DIRECT
IDENTIFIERSI
CONTROL), SAGE, SYNTAX, LIST PROCESSING, BATES
THEOREM, SEMANTICS, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
tv)
DEACON (DIRECT ENGLISH ACCESS AND CONTROLt IS
AN ADVANCED DIRECT-ACCESS TYPE OF MANAGEMENT
INFORMATION SYSTEM DERIVING FROM A PROJECT CONCERNING
DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNIQUES FOR COMPUTING WITH A
COMPUTER IN ESSENTIALLY UNCONSTRAINED ENGLISH,
DEACON-TYPE SYSTEMS RFSPOND TO JNSvRUCTIONS AND
QUERIES CONCERNING THE S JBJECT MATTER OF THEIR DATA
BY APPROPRIATELY MANIPULATINC AND ORGANIZING THE DATA
INTERNALLY, THE CLUES THAT GUIDE THE ORGANIZING
ACTIVITY ARE THE qYNTACTIC RULES OF THE LANGUAGE AND
THEIR SEMANTIC TRANSFORMATIONS, THREC EXAMPLES OF
DEACON SYSTEMS ARE GIVEN, THE 'DEACON
BREADBOARD SUMMARy' OF F, B, THOMPSON (RM
64TMP-9) ACCEPTS QUERIES IN ENGLISH CONCERNING
ITS DATA BASE (REPRESENTING LIST STRUCTURES) AND
RESPONDS BY PRINTING OUT THE ANSWER, THE SECOND
DEACON-TYPE SYSTEM IS THE ON-LINE COMPUTING CENTER
FOR SCIENTIFIC PRgbLEMS OF G, J, CULLER AND 6, 0,
FRIED (AD-216 S31,
THE THIRD IS 'SKETCHPAD,
A MAN-MACHINE GRAfAICAL COMMUNICATION
SYSTEM' (AFIPS CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, VOL, 23,
SPRING JC:NT COMPUTER CONFERENCE, 1941),
MILITARY APPLICATIONS OF THE SYSTEMS ARE DISCUSSED,
THE CENTRAL NATION BEING ORGANIZATION OF OTHERWISE
DISCONNECTED OBSERVATIONS INTO RELEVANT STRUCTURES,
IU
68
UNCLASSIFIED
/00329
0f
UNCLASSIFIED
00,L
REPOIT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
SYSTEM DEVTOFMENT CORP
RESEAR C
A
TECHNOLOGY
1 9'4,
JAN
REPT,
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
/00329
SANTA MONICA CALIF
DIVISION REPORT FOR
(UI
t
NO,
157 P
YM-4)
/OO/O00
UNCLASSI".ED
SUPFL 'MENT Y
REPCRT
NO [:
DESCRIPTORS:
ielNFORMATION RETRIEVAL, SCIENTIFIC
RESEARCH),
t*PROCRAMMING (COMPUTERS), SCIENTIFIC
RESEA C 4N,
RESEARCh3,
(%OPt'RATIONS RESEARCH, SCIENTF C
4)DECISION MAKING, SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH)o
(*EDUCATION, SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH), COMPILERS, SUBJECT
INDEXING, A$TRACTIN;,
CLASSIFICATION, REPORTS,
LASORATORfES, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, COMMAND AND
CONTROL SYSTEMS, DISPLAY SYSTEMS, TRAFFIC, MONTE CARLO
METHOD, TKAININC
(U)
IDENTIFIERS:
UNCOL LANGUAGE, HEURISTIC APPROACH,
MATER, TIME SHARING (COMPUTERS), ON-LINE SYSTEMS,
LUCID LANGOAGE, S'NTHEX, BOLD, PIP PROCESSING, HEMP
MODEL,
LEVIATHAN,
SIMNAVPLOT,
VARDIS
:ROGRAM
(U)
CONTENTS: INFORMA'ION PROCESSING RESEARCH
PROGRAMMING SYSTEMS PROGRAMM:NG TECHNOLOGY
LANGUAGE PROCESSWNG AND RETRIEVAL MATHEMA7ICS
OPERATIONS RESEARC61 ANALYTIC MODELING COMMAND
POST SIMQLATION DECISION PROCESSES RESEARCM
EDUCATION
A~iO
TnAINING
LABORATORY
COMPLEX.
AND
(U-
69
VNC'.ASSIF IED
/00329
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UNCLASSIFIED
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REPORT
0-615
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO.
/00329
715
SYSTEM
THE
BIBLIOGRAPHY
DEVELOPMENT
CONCEPTUAL
CORP
SANTA
FOUNDATiONS OF
MONICA
CA61F
INFORMATION
SYSTEMSe
(Up
DESCRIPTIVE
REPT,
MAY
NO,
NOTE:
qROFESSIONAL
doS
37'
SP-207
UNCLASSIFIEO
*OR(DH,
I
REPORT
PAPER
SUPPLEMENTARY NO'El
THE FOUNDATIONS O r ACCESS
SYRACUSE UVIVERSITj,
JULY
DESCRIPTORS:
PAPER,
TO BE READ AT THE SYMPOSIUM:
TO KNOWLEDGE TO BE HELD AT
2-30, 1945,
(*IN!ORMATION RETRIEVAL
SYSTEMS
ENGINEERING), 10DO(UMENTATION, SYSTEMS ENGINEERiNG),
LIBRARIES, STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, REPORTS, SUBJECT
INDEXING, CLASSIFICPTION,
AUTOMATION, AUTOMATIC
BOLD
IDENTIFIERS:
SCIENCES, COMPUTER
COMPUTATIONAL
LANGUAGE,
ANALYSIS,
(U)
RETRIEVAL
CONSOLES,
SYSTEM INFORMATION
INFORMATION CENTERS,
LINGUISTICS
(U)
O_.ECTIONS OF
INFO"MATION SYSTEIS CONSIST OF
RECORDED INFORMATION, CUSTODIANS WHO ORCANIZE AND
MAINTAIN THE COLLgCTIONS, RETRIEVAL PROCEDURES AND
USERS, THE CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS FOR THESE
SYSTEMS ARE DERIVED FROM MATHEMATICS, ENGINEERING,
BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE AND THE MANY OTHER DISCIPLINES
WHICH TOGETHER MAKE UP INFORMATION SCIENCE, THE
CONCEPTS ARE THE VHEORETICAL FORMULATIONS OR
PRINCIPLES CONCERNING METHOOS OF
AND RETRIEVING INFORMATION WHICH
STOR
'G,
ARE USED
INDEXING,
IN THE
DESIGN Of INFORMATION STORAGE ANO RETRIEVAL SYSTEMS,
SEVEN CONCEPTS ARE ENUNCIATED, THESE DEAL WITH
THE NEED, EQUIPMET USER RESPONSIVL,4ESS, LANGUAGE
PROCESSING,
THE
SYSTEM
INDEXING,
DESIGN
CLASSIFICATION
IMPLICATIONS
OF
AND
EACH
STORAGE,
CONCEPT
ARE
DISCUSSED SEPARATgLY AND THEN ORGANIZED TOGETmER
FORM AN INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIF"AL SYSTEM
THE FUTURE CALLED BOLD, (AUTHOR) (BIBLIOGRAPHIC
ON-LINE
DISPLAY;
TO
OF
(U)
70
UNCLASSIFIED
/00329
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UNCLASSIFIED
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REPORT
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BIBLIOGRAPHY
794
SYSTEM
3/10
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BEHIND
JUL
65
MEEKERROSERT
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CONTRACT;
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NO,
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NORFOI,K,
VA, ,
APR
27-2
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6S
DESCRIPTORSi
(*DECISION MAKING, MAN-MACHINE
SYSTEMS),
(OMAN-MACHINE SYSTEMS, DECISION
MAKING), COMPUTERS, CIMMAND e CONTROL SYSTEMS,
PERCEPTION, GAME T4EORV, BARGAINING
(U)
IDENTIFIERS:
(U)
A
TECHNIOUE
ON-LINE
IS
SYSTEMS
DESCRIBED
FOR
THE
SYSTEMATIC
COLLECTION OF INFORMATION ABOUT HUMAN
MAKING-INFORMATION WHICH HAS HITHERTO
DECISION
BEEN UNTAPPED
BY EXISTING DATARECORDING AND EVALUATION PROCEDURES
AND WHICH HOLDS PROMISE OF INCREASING THE VALUE OF
CURRENTLY RECORDED ACTION AND DECISION DATA, THE
TECHNIOUE WAS DEVELOPED INITIALLY TO ASSIST IN THE
COLLECTION AND INTERPRETA:ION OF DATA IN ONLINE
COMPUTER STUDIES @F EXPERIMENTAL GAME BEHAVIOR,
SA"PLE F:NDINGS FROM THESE -TUDIE' AND AN ANALYSIS
OF DECISION PROCESS BASED UN EARLIER STUDIES ARE
PRESENTED fo DEMONSTRATE THE POTENTIAL FEASIBILi'lY
AND VALUE OF THE PROPOSED PROCEDURES FOR THE
EVALUATION OF DECISION-MAKING BEHAVIOR IN COMPUTERBASED
COMMAND
AND
CONTROL
SYSTEMS,
(AUTHOR)
(U)
71
UNCLASSIFIED
rL_
/003a9
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UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
AD-&2S
REPORT
/10J9
9/2
417
CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF
SYMPOSIUM ON COMPUTEtCENTERED
SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT
PROCEEDINGS OF THE
BASE SYSTEMS (2ND ,
TECHNICAL
DESCRIPTIVE NOTE:
DEC
REPT, NO,
NO,
CONTROL
SEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY
MEMO,,
&S
BAUM,¢,
35$P
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I
REPORT
UNCLASSIFIED
SUPPLEMENTARY
DATA
(U)
NOTE!
(*DATA
PROCESSING
SYSTEMS,
SYMPOSIA), DATA, COMPUTERS, STATE-OF.THE-ART
REVIEWS, COMMAND 4 CONTROL SYSTEMS,
PROGRAMMING(COMPUTERS), DATA STORAGE SYSTEMS,
HOSPITALS, INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, COMPUTER
STORAGE CEVICES, INPUT-OUTPUT DEVICES, COMPUTER
LOGIC.
MANAGEMENT
CONTROL
(U)
SYSTEMS
IDENTIFIERE:
ON-LINE SYSTEMS, ECCO PROGRAM,
COLINkiO, SHARING(COMPUTERS), LUCID LANGUAGE,
FILKSTRUCTURES, DATA BASE SYSTEMS
CONTENTS:
SURVEY OF
(U)
TUTORIAL PAPERS: STATE-OF.THE-ART
HARDWARE
IMPACT O
DATA BASE SYSTEMS;
DEVELOPMENTS ON DATA BASE SYSTEMS; COMPUTERZNTERED DATA BASE SYSTEMS IN SPPORT OF kIGH
MILITARY
COMMAND.
FIVE
TO
APPROACHES
THE
SAME
DA
T
A
BASE PROBLEMI DESCRIPTION OF THE OATA BASE
PROBLEM, THREE COLINGO-LIKE APPROACHES TO TNE
C-1O, AND
DATA BASE PROBLEM, COLINGO 0. COLIN O
ADAMI MARK III FILE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMI ON-LINE
DATA MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR THE MASSACHUSETTS
GENERAL HOSPITAL; BEST SYSTEM I AND INTEGRATED
DATA STORE, DESCRIPTION OF SOC DATA BASE SYSTEMS
DEMONSTRATED AT SYMPOSIUM: LUCIDI G(NERAL PURwOSE
DISPLAY SYSTEMI AND ECCO AND EPIC, RE;ORTS OF
THE WORK GROUP CHAIRMEN; CRITERIA FOR GOING ONLINEI ENTRY AND OUERY LANGUAGE DESIGNI FILE
ORGANIZATIONI Fl6r SHARING AND PROTECTION) T E.,Y
Of DATA BASE PROBLEM DEFINITIONI CRITERIA ?OR
tVAUATING DATA MANAGEMENT
FOR ANALYSIS, COSTING, AND
SYSTEMS)
CONTROL,
7
AND
RECORDINC
(u)
0
UNCLASSIFIED
/!0329
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
"Pr
OIBLIOGR.APHY
AD-628 20&
$
a
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
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SYSTEM DEVELOPMENy C~lP So. TA MONICA CA.IF
HUMAN ENGINEERING THE GPOS/LUC2
SYSTEM:
CONSIDERATIONS AN$ PLANS.
DESCRIPTIVE NOTE:
TECHNICAL MEMO,,
NOV
6S
30P
SIMONCHARLES
REPT, NO,
TM-2TT6,
CONTRACTI
AF
9
W,
(u)
I
19(62-316,
UNCLASSIFIED
SUPPLEMENTARY
REPORT
NOTE:
DESCRIPTORS:
(eINrORMATION RETRIEVAL, DISPLAY
SYSTEMS), (*HUMAN ENGINEERING, INFORMATION
RETRIEVAL), DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS, DATA STORAGE
SYSTEMS,
SYSTEMS
ENGINEERING,
PROGRAMMING
LANGUAGES
GRDS
IDENTIFIERS:
HUMAN
STUDY
PROJECT,
LUCID
lu)
(u)
LANGJAGE
ENGINEERING CONSIDERATIONS AND PLANS FOR THE
AND EVALUATION OF THE GPDS/LUC.D SYSTEM ARE
DISCUSSED,
DETERMINE
SPECIFIC
HOW
WELL
PROJECT
THE
GOALS
CURRENT
ARE:
SYSTEMS
fit
TO
4ATCH
USEIS'
NEEDS, AND (2) TO MAKE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR
IMPROVING THE SYSTEM RHERE THESE NEEDS ARE NOT MET,
AN ULTIMATE PROJECT GOAL RILL BE TO DETERmINE HUMAN
ENGINEERING
DEVELOPMENT
PROCESSING
DESIGN PRINCIPLES
OF USER-ORIENTED,
SYS
T
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INVESTIGATION
WILL
THE
Ow
FROm
PO:NT
UNSOPHISTICA
T
ED
IN
IN
QENERA
EXAMINE
VIEW
Or
CQMPTER
USEFUL FOR THE
ON-L'',C
'NFORMATION
.
THE
A
PROJECT
GPDS/LUCIO
USER
WHO
IS
PROGRAMMING.
(AUTHOR)
Y1CLASSIrIEO
SYSTEMS
ESSENTIALLY
UNCLASSIFlED
DOC
AD-632
SEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPMY
REPORT
NO,
CONTROL
/00321
3/
165
Of ELECTRICAL ENd,,EERING VNIV OF
PHILADELPHIA
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE ACM REPOSITORY AND PRINCIPLES
THE JR SYSTEM APPLIED TO ITS OPERATION,
MOORE SCHOOL
PENNSYLVANIA
iP
65
JUL
AF '49
CONTRACT:
AF-9769,
PROjI
976901,
TASK:
MONITOR:
AFOSR
6i3
RUBINOFFMORRIS
Of
lU)
IWHITE.JOHN
)- |4i|,
,
UNCLASSIFIED REPORT
AVAILABILITY: PUP'.ISHED :N COMMUNICATIONS OF THE
COPIES TO DOC USERS
ACM VO NIO P39S*01 OCT 1965,
ONLY#
SUPPLEMENTARY
DESCRIPTORS:
RETRIEVAL),
UNIVERSI
T
NOTE:
40DA7A STORAGE %YSTEMS,
DOCUMENTATION, ELECTRICAL
IES,
THE HISTORY 0
REPOSITORY AT
OINKORMAT!ON,
ENGINEERING,
IU)
PENNSYLVANIA
THE ESTABLISHMENT Of TME
F
THE MOORE SCHOOL, U. O
PENNSYLVANIA, IS REVIEWEo BRIEFLY,
ORGANIZATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL. PLAN
THE
FOR
ACM
A
MECHANIZEO
INrORMATION CENTER HAS SEEN BASED ON ToO rUNDAMENTA,.
vLy
THAT INFCRMATION BE MADE EAS
PRINCIPLES: j2)
T
HE CUSTOMER, PREFERABLY CN A SELFACCESSIBLE TO
SERVE BASIS, AND (2) THAT T E VALUt Or THE
T
HE SYSTEM IS DESIGNED
CES ExCEED USER COSTS,
SERv*,
PR
REMOTE TELETYPEWRITER ON-LINE ACESS YO AN
INFORMATION rI E IN A 1)01 :)?SK 5T.RAGi
WHICH IS
401 SYSTEM AT THE
AUNILIARY TO THE IBM 1O04 /
t NIVERSITY COMPUTER CENTER, SIONIFICANT FEATUPES
Or THE PLANNED SYSTEM INCLUDE:
(A)
IRfCT
(9
SYSTEM STORAGE Cr A
ACCESS VIA THf "ONSOLE,
IPTION Or ITSELF IN ADOITION TO
COMPLETE DESC
DOCUMENT CATALOG AND INDEXING DATA TO 'NABLE VSERS TO
THEIR OWN SEARCI STOATECIES, (Cl USE Or
U(EIiN
AN UNRESTR!'TED SEARCH VOCABULARY,
!D) ACCESS
THROUGH ONE OR PORE OF A 6ARGt NUMBER OF ENTRY POFT
T o ENABLE ADAPTIVE PAN-AC4IN% INTERrACING *ITH T
(
lNnEXIN(j STRJCTvUE , AND (Ei STOCHAST!t' TYPE
SEARC;'ING TmROUM RELATED CATEGORIES, SECTIONS, ASO
CLASSES
OF
DATA,
THESAURI
4NO
NICRCTwE5AQR!
ARe
EMBEDDEO !N THE SYSTEM ANO XfPT OYNAMIC AND JPE4 "
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DDC
RETORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
SEARCH
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NO,
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AD-632
32O
9/2
MITRE CORP CEDFORI MASS
AESOP; A PROTOTyPt FOR ON-LINF USER CONTROL
ORG M IZ vIONAL DATA STORAGE, RETRIEVAL AND
PROCESSING,
NOV
65
24P
BENNETT,EDWARD I
tfA NESCDWARO C, ISUMMERSJOK:N KI
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t0* r USERS JN'..-'
SUFPLEME.TARY
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DESCRIPTORS;
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SYSTEMS),
(e ATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS, CONTROL
SYSTEMS,, CATHODE RAY TUBE SCREENS, PRCGRA-MING
LANGUAGES, PROGRAMMING (COMPUTERS pU
IDENTIFIERS:
ON-LiNE SYsTEMs, LIST PROCESSING,
LI'T'ENS,
11M
7030,
COMPUTER
CONSOLeS
AESOP IS AN ExPERZAENTAL ON-LINE INFORMATION
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UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
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BIBLIOGRAPHY
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NO,
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473
SYSTEM
SEARCM
DEVELOPMENT
CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF
THE SOLD (BIBLIOGRAPHIC ON-LINE DISPLAY) SYSTEM,
DESCRIPTIVE NOTE:
PROFESSIONAL PAPER,
APR
64
2TP
BURNAUGH,HOWARD P,
REPT, NO,
SP-233S/O00/Oi,
REPORT
UNCLASSIFIED
SUPPLEMENTARY
NCTEI
SEE
ALSO
AD-61S
7:80
DeSCIPTORS:
(*INFORMATION RETRIEVAL,
($BIBL1OORAPHIES, *DI: 'AY SYSTEMS),
CLASSIFICATION,
SUBJECT
INDFXiNO,
LINE
REAL
TIMEj,
COM'UTATIO;4AL
LINGUISTICS, PROGRAMMING(COMPUTERS),
TAPE, TELETYPE SYSTEMS
IDENTIFIERS:
LINE SYSTEMS,
MAGNETIC
!U)
FILE STPICTUIES, TIME SHARING,
LIGHT PEN3, BOLD(BIB6IQGRAr-IC
ONON-
DISPLAY)
(U)
THC SOLD (BIBLIOGRAPHIC ON-LINE DISPLAY)
SYSTEM SERVES AS A GENERAL PURPOSE VEHICLE
RESEARCH
ON
(U)
THE
COMPONENTS
of
A
RIEA-TImE
FOR
RETRIEVAL
SYSTEM, SPECIFIC SUBJECTS FOR INVESTIGATION ARE
INDEXING, CLP'"SIFICATION AND CATEGORILING SCHEMES,
FILE ORGANIZ
ION, AND USER-SYSTEM COMMQNICATION,
THE PROGRAM OPERATES IN A 'TIME-SHARING'
ENViRONHENT
DOING
SIMULTANEOUS
INDEPENDENT
USRS,
A
RETRIEVAL
RETRIE,
STATION
L
FO'
MAY
MULTIPLE
BE
ANY
TELETYPE CONNECTED TO THE TIME-SHARING SYSTEM. A
STATION MAY BE AUGMENTED WITH A CRT CONSOLE AND A
LIGHI PEN FOR RAPID DI5PLAV NG OF THE RETRIEVAL
INFORMATION, RETRIEVAL IS EFFECTED BY THE
5PECI1CATbON OF CATEGORIES AND/R RETRIEVAL PHRASES,
USING BOOLEAN CONNrCTORS, THERE ARE TWO MODES
FOR RETRIEVAL OPER
'ION?
THE OROWSE MODE AND THE
L:.,RCH MODE, IN THE BROWSE MODE THE USER MAY
SP(CIFY BROAD CA!EGORIES AN$ RETRIEVAL T .RMS AND THEN
FROWSE THROUGH THE RETRIEVAL INFORMATION ENTRY BY
ENTRY, THE USER DESIGNATES WHAT IN7ORMATION IS TO
B
RETURNED.
TH!S
MAY
BE
ANYTHING
THAT
IS
DEFINED
IN THE DATA 3ASE, AND MAY RANGE FROM A S:NGLE
COMPONENT (SUC.A AS AUTHOR, TITLE, ETC,, FOR A
BIBLIOGRAPHIC DATA SET) TO A COMPLETE BODY OF
(IE., AjLTRACTI, CAUTHOR) (FOR PRESENTATION
AT THE T'IRD ANNUAL COLLOQUIUM ON INFORMATION
RETRIEVAL,
UNIV.
OF
PENNSYLVANIA,
MAY
TEXT
12-13,
76
UNCLASSIFIED
/00329
r
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
REP
I?
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SEDFOR R1 MASS
AD-632 537
MITRE CORP
PROCEEDINGS
OF
THE
S[ARCM
CONTROL
NO,
/O032
1/i
CONGRESS
ON
TME
INFORMATION
SYSTEM
(U)
(2D),
SCIENCES
MAR
REPT, NO,
CONTRACT:
MONITOR:
BIBLIOCRAPPY
soap
b
AF
FSO
19(62q-239U,
TR-65-3
,
UNCLASSIFIED
DISTRIBUTION;
CONNECTICUT
$2J 975,
SUPPLEMENTAIf
DESCRIPTORS:
REPORT
SPAqTAN
AVENUf
6
NW.
BOOKS, INC. 1250
C,
*ASHIN'TON, 0,
NOTE!
(oOATA
PROCESSING
SYSTEMS,
SYMPOSIA), COMMAND 4 CONTROL SYSTEMS,
PROGRAMMING LANGUAgES, INFORMATION RETRIEVAL,
MANAGEMENT
PLANNING,
DESIGN,
TECHNICAL
INFORMATION CENTERS, MAN-MACHINE SYSTEMS,
DECISiwN MAKING, GRAPHICS, SU4 ECT INDEXING,
CO U!TERS, COSTS, EILMS, BEHAVIOR,
SCIENTIFIC PERSONNEL, ENGINEERING PERSONNEL,
ADAPTIVE SYSTEMS, LINGUISTICS,
TRANSrORMATIONAL GRAMMARS
ON-LINE SYSTEMS, INFORMATION
IDENTIFIERS:
SC;ENC[S,TIME SHARING(COMPUTERSI, INFORMATION
SYSTEMS, COLINGO,5AYFS' THEOREM, SELF-ORGANIZING
SYSTEMS. MAC PROECT,!ILE STRUCTURES
THF PAPERS FORMED THE BASIS FOR DISCUSSION IN
SIXTEEN TECHNICAL SESSIONS AT THE SECOND CONGRESS
ON THE INFORMATION SYSTEM SCIENCES (NOV
1164), THE CONGRESSES, NOW ESTABLISHED AS
BIENNIAL EVENTS, WERE fORMEO TO INCREASE
COMMUNICATION AMONG SCIENTISTS, ENC!NEERS, AND
MILITARY PERSONNEN IN THE TECHNOLOGY OF INFORMATION
SYSTEMS,
(U)
(U)
(U)
77
UNCLASSIFIED
/00329
UNCLAsSI1IED
DOC
REPORT
BIeLIOGRAPHY
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
'00129
AD-633 36
9/2
OREGON STATE UNIV CORVALLIS COMPUTER CENTER
PROGRESS REPORT ON THE NEBULA COMPUTER,
S8JAN
DESCRIPTIVE
NOTEI
N:CKODEMUS,W, A,
IBOLESJ,
T. ISHEPARDD, B, 1
-P
HOSELTON,G, A,
RUX.P,
REPT, NO,
CC-6414,
CONTRACT?
(U)
DOCVMENY,
A,
t
NONR-126(II ),
UNCLASSIFIED
SUPPLEMENTARY
DESCRIPTORS:
REPORT
NOTEt
toDIGITAL
COMPUTERS,
DESAGNi,
DELAY
LINES, GLASS, COMPUTER STORAGE DEVICES,
COmPUTER LOGIC, RELAXATION OSCILLATORS,
GATES'CIRCUITS), TELETYPE S'ySTEMS,
MACHINES, PROGRAMMING(COMPUTERSI
IDENTIFIERS:
NEBULA COMPUTER,
CONSOLES,COMPUTER WORDS
A MEDIUM SPELO,
SERIAL
CONSTRUCTED USING
MC, AS MEMORY. AN
TmE
3qO
22 MC.
KC,
DIGITAL
GLASS DELAY
ARRANGEMENT
MEMORY ALLOWS
ARITHMETIC UNIT,
READING
(Ui
COMPUTER
(U)
COMPUTER WAS
LINES CIRCULATING AT z2
OF INFORMATION WITHIN
A SIMPLE INTERFACE WITH
WHICH RESULTS IN AN
THE
EFFECTIVE
ZERO LATENCY TIME AND PROVIDES
POSSIBILITIES FOR AN ASSOCIATIVE MEMORY, THE
ARITHMETIC UNIT HAS A COMMAND STRUCTURF SIMILAR
TO
LARGE PARALLEL MACHINES AND USES FLIP-FLOP ARITHMETIC
AND CONTROL REGISTERS THROUGHOUT, ALL HARDWARE
DEVELOPMENT HAS BEEN AIMED TOWARD THE CONCEPT OF EASY
MODIFICATION, ELABORATE CONSOLE CONTROLS FOR
EFFECTIVE MAN-MACHINE INTERACTION, AND LOW CbGT,
(AUTH
R
(U)
7U
UNCLASSIFIED
/00329
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
REPORT
BISLIOGRAPHY
SEARCH
9!/
BEDFORD MASS
GENERAL PURPOSE
APPROACH
CONTROL
NO,
/O0329
AD-641
371
MITRE CORP
AESOP:
A
TO
REAL-TIME,
DIRECT ACCESS MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
JUN
66
3sP
SPIEG. .,
J,
ISUMMERS,,J,
BENNETTtE, Me I
REPT, NO,
MTP-33,
CONTRACT:
AF I9E4ao9-$16$,
PROJI
AF-500,
MONITOR:
ESO
I
To-66-289
UNCLASSIFIEO
SUPPLEMENTARY
(U)
K,
NOTE:
REPORT
SEE
ALSO
AD-632
320
DESCRIPTORS:
(*INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, oMANAGEMENT
PLANNING , (eDATA PMOCESSING SYSTEMS, INFORMOTION
RETRIEVAL),
TELEVISION DISPLAY SYSTkMS, COMMAND +
CONTROL SYSTEMS, LIGHT COMMUNICATIrN SYSTEMS,
CATHODE RAY TUBES, COMPUTERS, REAL TIME;
PROGRAMMING(COMPUTERS) , MILITAR,
REQUIREMENTS
IDENTIFIERS:
AESOP, ON-LINE SYSTEMS, LIST
PROCESSING,LIGHT P,..S, COMPUTER CONS'.)LES
AESOP, A
PURPOSE,
LABORATORY-BASED PROTOTYPE
ON-LINE, VISUALLY-ORIENTED
(UP
(U)
OF A GENERAL
INFORMATION
SYSTEM, IS USED Tg INVESTIGATE WAYS OF HANDLING MANY
DIFFERENT TYPES AND LEVELS OF COMMAND AND MANAGEMENT
PROBLEMS SPANNING ORGANIZATIONAL LEVELS FROM THE
EXECUTIVE SUITE
ANALYSTS TO THE
PROGRAMMERS. IN
DOWN THROUGH THE STAFF AND OPERATIONS
ACTUAL SYSTEM DESIGNERS AND
PARTICULAR, IT DEALS WITH THOSE
ORGANIZATIONAL ACTIVITIES THAT REQUIRE HIGHLY
FLEXIBLE, DIRECT-ACCESS CAPABILITIES, THE SYSTEM IS
CONFIGURED FOR EASY USE BY THE INEXPERIENCED AS WELL
AS BY THE SOPHIS'jCATED, AND UTILIZES A VARIETY OF
USER STATION DEVICES TO FACILITATE SUCH FLEXIBILITY,
INCLUDING A CATHOCE-RAY-TUBE DISPLAY, A LIGHTGUN, A
TYPEWRITER, AND ASSOCIATED PUSH-BUTTONS. AT EACH
STATION, IT IS CAPABLE OF GENERATING, EDITING, AND
FORMATTING INFORMATION ON-LINE, AS WELL AS BUILDING,
EXECUTING, AND DEBUGGING ON-LINE THE ANALYTIC AND
MATHEMATICAL PROCEDURES AND ALGORITHMS OF BOTH THE
USERS AND THE SYSTEM ITSELF, DEPENONG UPON THE
ORGANIZATIONAL AREA OR LEVEL OF THE USER, ALTHOUGH
THE BASIC PROTOTYPE SYSTEM WAS DEVELOPED FOR USE IN
MILITARY COMMAND AND MANAGEMENT PLANNING AND
INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
ITS
APPLICABLE TO INDUSTRIAL
PHILOSOPHY AND CONCEPTS ARE
AND ACADEMIC ORGANIZATIONS.
(AUTHOR)
(u)
UNCLASSIFIED
di
/00329
UNCLASSIFIED
iDDC
AD-440
REPORT
647
BIBLIOGRAPHY
SEARCH
5i
S/2
CON
'L
NO,
517
9/2
r-igEM DEVELOPMENT CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF
ON-LINE INTERACTIVE DISPLAYS IN APPLICATION
LINGUISTIC
ANA.YSIS
AND
INFORMATION
RETRIEVAL.
OESCRIPTIVE NOTE:
PROFESSIONAL PAPER,
SEP
66
l2P
SIMMONSRf F,
REPT, No,
SP-244a/OOI/O0,
CONTRACT:
AF
/00319
TO
PROCESSING
AND
iu?
I
19(6281-5164,
UNCLASSIFIED
REPORT
SUPPLEMENTARY
NOTE:
PREPARED FOR PRESENTATION
SYMPOSIUM ON MAN/MACHINES INTERACTION, PARIS
(FRANCE), 10-17 OCT 6 , SEE ALSO AD-61S 710,
AD-632 473,
AT
THE
DESCRIPTORS:
(OMAN-MACHINE SYSTEMS, DISPLAY
SYSTEMS),
INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, COM-UTATIONAL
LINGUSTICS, REPORTS, BIBLIOGRAPHIES
IDENTIFIERS:
ON-LINE SYSTEMS,
KERNELIZATION(SENTENCESi, BOLD,SENTENCES
(U)
(u)
AS COMPUTERS ARE USED FOR INCREASINGLY COMPLEX
OPERATIONS SUCH AS RETRIEVING DOCUMENTS AND ANALYZING
SENTENCES, IT 5ECOMEb APPARENT THAT HUMAN DECISION MAKING IS STILL AN ESSENTIAL ELEMENT OF THE PROCESS,
THE USE OF THE ON-LINE INTERACTIVE CAPABILITY
'r
ToPAY'S THIRD-GENERATION COMPUTERS SUPPORTED BY
TYPEWRITER AND D!SPLAY SCOPE TERMINALS MAKES THE
CONSTRUCTION OF COMPUTER-AIDED SYSTEMS FOR THESE
COMPLEX TASKS AN ATTRACTIVE laPROACm, TWO SUCH
SYSTEMS ARE DESCRIBED IN THE PAPER, ONE IS BOLD,
A DOCUMENT RETRIEVAL SYST'M THAT Or ZRS THE USER AN
ON-LINE BROWSING CAPABILITY AS WEL AS THE ABILITY TO
RETRIEVE DOCUMENTS OR CONSTRUCT BIBLIOGRAPHIES USING
COMPUTER-DRIVEN DISPLAY SCOPES AND TYPEWRITERS,
THE OTHER IS A SENTLNCE-4NALYSIS S jTEM THAT
COMPUTES
ANALYSES
DEPENDENCY
AND KERNEL
ANALYSES.
SFTS FON
P'RASC STRUCTURE
ACH SENTENCE IT IS
GIVEN, THIS SYSTEM PRODUCES AND DISPLAYS MULT'Pi
ANALYSES AND ALLOWS T"' USER TO CORRECT THEM OR TO
SELECT THOSE WHICH ARE SATISFACTORY, THE CONCLUSION
IS THAT FOR SOME TIME TO COME COMPLEX INFORMATION
PROCESSING SYSTEMS--PARTICULARLY THOSE CONCERNED *ITH
NATURAL LANGUAGES--*ILL REPA I.
AT THE LEiEL OF
SEMIAUTOMATIC COMPUTER AIOS TO HUMAN INFORMATION
PROCESSING, AS 9UCH, THEIR USEFULNESS CAN BE
MAXIMIZED BY OPTIMAL
TECHNOLOGY, (AUTHOR)
USE
Or
INTERACTIVE
OISPLAf
(U)
UNCLASSIr IED
/C)32a
9/
U NCL~ ASS
5IFI ED
DOC
REPORT
BbIOGRAPk
SEARCM
CONTROL
NO*
/00329
AD-40
45
3/4
3,!a
9/2
SYSTEM DFVELOPMENT COk, SANTA MONICA CALIF
LTIL!ZATION OF ON-LINE JNTE RCTIVE DISPLAYS,
DESCRIPTIVE NOTE:
PROFESSIONAL RAOR,
AUG
REPT,
46
NO,
BORKO,H,
35P
(U)
I
SP-257S,
UNCLASSIFIER REPORT
SUPPLEMENTARY
NOTE:
PREPARED FOR PRESENTATION AT
CONGRESS ON INFORMsTION SYSTEM SCIENCE AND
TECHNOLOGY (JRD), BUCK HILL FALLS, PENNSYLVANIA,
NOVEMbER
0-23 1966o
THE
DESCRIPTORS:
f*eAN-MACHINE SYSTEMS, DISPLAY
SYSTEMS),
IoIN'ORMATION RETRIEVAL, MAN-mACHINE
SYSTEMS), PROJRAMMfNG(COMPVTERS), PROBLLM
SOLVING, DECISION MAKING, DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS,
SYNTAX, TELEfYPE SYSTEMS, CATHODE PAY TUSES,
COMPUTERS
THF VERSATIL1"Y AND ADVANTAGES OF USING
INTERACTIVE DISP-AYS ARE ILLUSTRATED BY
ON-LINE
EXAMPLES
4U)
FROM
(I
THE GENERAL PWRPOSE DISPLAY SYSTEM
(GP"S ), (2) THE PATTERN LEARNING PARSER
(PLP 1,),
AND (3) THE BIBLIOGRAPHIC ONLINE DISPLAY SYST(M (SOLD), ALTHOUGH THESE
SYSTEMS ARE DESIGNED FOR 6IFFERENT PURPOSES
UTILIZE
THE MAN
DISPLAYS 4 S COMMUNICATION CHOANNELS
AND THE MACHINE ARE ABLE TO ENGAGE
THEY
3Y
IN
ALL
WHICH
A
DIALOG A%
WORK TOGETHER TO SOLVE PROBLEMS, THE
COMPUTErN PROCESSES DATA RAPIDLY AND DISPLAYS THE
RESULTS,
HE INF4OMATION PROVIDED IN THE DISPLAYS
ENABLES
THE
SER
TO
STEER
STFP PROGRESS OF TE
PROBLEMS SOLVED MjRE
MORE
SATISFIED
BY
TPF
AND
CONTROL
PROG"AM, NOT
EFFICIENTLY,
qESULTS
T
HE
STEP-BY-
ONLY ARE
BUT THE USERS
ACHIEVED,
ARE
"AUTHOR)
(Ut
UNCLASSIFIED
/00329
S /
UNCLASSIFIED
DDC
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
SEARCH
CONTROL
AD-b'02 2559/
312
PENNSYLVANIA UNIV PHILADELPHIA MOORE
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
THE PDR- 5 AS A SATFLLITE PROCESSOR,
MAY
46
IsP
WEINBERG,PAUL
WOLFBERG.MICHAEL St I
CONTRACT:
NONR-$SH(NO)
UNCLASSIFIED REPORT
AVAILABILITY: PUBLISHED IN DECUS
MAY 1966,
DESCRIPTORS:
($DATA PROCtSSqG
*INFORMATION
OPERA
T
ION,
DEVICES,
RETR!EVAL?,
REMOTE
SCHOOL OF
IU)
R,
I
PROCEEDINGS
PSj-44
SYSTEMS,
TIME,
SYSTEMS,
MULTIPLE
INPUT-OUTP'tjT
AT
(U)
PDP-5,
THE
TO
AN
CHANNEL,
IN
THIS
INTERMEDIARY
IBM
INFORMATION
CAPABILITY,
70O4
BETWEEN
THE
7040
OF
(U)
PENNSYLVANIA
THROUGH
COP, IGLRATION
INCLUDING
TELETYPES,
IBM
UNIVERSITY
ATTACHED
CONSOLES
'00329
COMPUT!RS
IDENTIFIERS:
A PDP-$
PEAL
CONTROL
NO,
THE
7040
A
IT
AND
HIGH
SERVES
StVERAL
CHARACTER DISFLAYS
PURPOSE
IS
To
PROVIDE
RETRIEVAL SYSTEMS WITH
THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF
IS
SPEED
AS
DATA
AN
REMOTE
A D
REAL-TIME
A REMOTE CONSOLE
TWO PARTS1
T14E FIRST SECTION DESCRIBED THE INTERACTION AMONG
To,_ VARIOUS SUBSYSTEmS. AND T HE SECOND SECTION
PRESENTS AN ACCOUNT OF THE ASSEMB8Y OF POP-S
PROGRAMS
ON
THE
70
0,
(AUTHORi
(U)
UNCLASSIrIED
/00329
-
UNCLASSIFIED
ODC
REPORT
AD-4q7 19&
PENN3YLVANIA
5/2
9/2
UNIV PHILADELPHIA
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
DESIGN PRINCIPLES FOR AN
RETRIEVAL SYSTEM,
DESCRIPTIVE
RERT,
DEC
NO,
SEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY
NOTE:
MOORE
ON-LINE
TECHNICAL
CONTROL
AF 49(6341-1421,
AF-9769
976o01
MONITOR:
AFOSR
47-043
CONTRACT:
SCHOOL
/00324
Or
INFORMATICN
(U
REPT,,
LO*E,TMOMAS
136P
66
67-I
NO.
C,
I
DA-31-1I2-AROID)-352
PRO.,!
TASK:
UNCLASSIFIED
REPORT
DESCRIPTORS:
(.INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, DESIGN j,
QECODING, COMPUTER STORAGE DEVICES, REAL TIME,
DATA, MAN-MACHINE SYSTEMS, DATA STORAGE SYSTEMS,
COMPUTER OPERATORS, TYPE*RITERS
IDENTIFIERSI
ON-LINE SYSTEMS
AREAS INVESTIGATED INCLUDE SLOW MEMORY DATA
STORAGE, THE PROBjEM OF DECODING FROM AN INDEX
SLOW
DATA
(U)
(U)
TO
A
MEMORY ADDRESS,
LIST OPERATOIS,
THE STRUCTURE of DATA LISTS AND
COMMUNICATIONS BETWEEN THE HUMAN
USER AND THE SYSTiM, PROCESSING OF IETRIEVAL
REQUESTS, AND THE USER'S CONTROL O-ER THE RETURN OF
INFORMATION RETRIEVED. LINEAR, LINKED AND INVERTED
FILE STRUCTURES ARE CONSIDERECD, EMPIRICAL DATA
FROM THE REPOSI!ORv O r THE ASiOCIATION FOR
COMP.jTING MACHINER Y ARE USED FOR ILLUSTRATIVE
PURPOSES. THESE DA-A ARE A, I USED IN THE POkTION
OF THE L-CODING MECHANISM STUDY WHICH DEALS *ITH
EFFECTS OF TRUNCATION Or 1N[OEX TERMS, FOLLOWING
THE FILE ORGANIZATION STuDY, THE NECESSARY LIST
STRUCTURES AND LIST OPERATORS ARE DESIGNED. AN
THE
EDITING LANGUAGE FOR USE BY THE HUMAN OPERATOR IN
COMMUNICATING WITH THE SYSTEM IS SPECIF IED, AS ARE
REOUIREMENTS FOR THE ExECuTION OF 'BACKGROUND'
P,,n(RAMS WMEN A USER'S INFORMATION RETRIEVAL REOUEST
IS NOT BEING PROCESSED. FINALLY, A SIMPLE SEOUENCF
O
MAN-MACHINE COMMUNICATIONS WHICH ALLOW THE USEP OF
THE SYSTEM TO SPECIFY WHAT CLASSES Or DATA ARE TO BE
RETURNEO TO HIM IS OUTLINED, (AUTHOR)
(U)
UNCLASS:71E0
/0Q319
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
AD-653
REPORT
B1BL0OGRAPHY
SEARCM
CONTROL
M
TK';
NO,
/OOJ29
5/4
179
BETHLEHEM
LEHIGM UNIV
SCIENCES
RETRIEVAL
EXPERIMENTAL
a: SYSTEMS
COLLECT!ON
7
APR
CENTE
P
SYSTEMS
FOR
STUDIES,
N7ORMATION
REPORT
NO,
EPERIMENTAL LITERATURE
MANUA. FOR
AND REFERENCE RETRIEVAL. SYSTEM,
I
ANDERSCNTONALD R,
59P
(U)
;GREEN,.JAMES $, 1
AMICO,ANTMONY F.
NONR-610iO( b , AF-AFCSR-724-65
CONTRACT:
67-1676
AFOSR
MC."ToR:
UNCLASSIFIED
SUPPLEMENTARY
3,
AD-6S3
NOTE:
-EPORT
REPT,
NO,
1,
PS-
1
7J
J161
REPT,
NO,
?80,
(*INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, REPORTS),
-DtScRIFTORS:
INSTRUCTiON MANUALS, TECHNICAL INFCRMATION
CENTERS, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, TELETYPE SYSTEMS,
S'J5JECT INDEXING, TRAINING, COMPUTER
(U)
PROORAMS
IDENTIFIERS:
GE
22
COlPUTER
(u)
DESCRIBES AND DOCUMENTS THE RETRIEVAL
SYSTEM USED BY THE CENTER POR THE INFORMATION
SCIENCES FOR SELECTED C .RRENT LITERATURE OF THE
INrORMATION SC ENCES, ABOUT 2,500 DOCUMENT
REFEReNCES, THE SYSTEM IS PRE$ENTLY ON-L INE VIA
TWE
MANUAL
TELETYPE AND CONVERSION IS tN PROCESS I'ROM
DISK, SOTH ASSOCIA'Ii E AND NON-ASSCCI'I VE
(AUT0OR)
SYSTEMS ARE IN OPERATCON,
UNCLASSI rEO
TAPE TO
SEARCq
SNCL AS SIF~I (
DOC
AD-653
REPORT
260
LEH4IGH UNIv
SCI!ENCES
EXPERIMENTAL
3 .(
67
APR
SEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY
/00321
2
BETL.EHEM
RE.TRIEVAL
PA
CENTER
SYSTECMS
FORt
INFORMAtION
TH~E
STUDIES,
REPORT
NO.
U
ANDERSON, PONA LD
661D
I
t A'AR0A,ANOPEPt 4, IEED,OAVID M,
NON-61O(O8,. NSF-GE-2369
CONTRACTI
NCLASSIFIEO
SU.PPLEMENTAXY
279 ,
NO,
CONTRO,.
NOTE:
R,I
RP"ORT
SEE
ALSO
REP!,
NO,
2,
AD-*S3
REPORTS,
j INFORMATION RETRPJEVAL.,
DEcCCIP'ORS:
SEASCH TEORY,
irECT~vENESS,
INDEx!NG
SuSjECT
SYNTAX,
DES16N,
DOCUMrNAT:ON,
ALTOMATtC,
STA T7S T iCAL
SEMANTICS , COMPUTFR PROGRAMS,
LEARN!NG,
ARTIFICIAL. INTELLIGENCE,
ANALYSIS,
CENTERS
INFORMATION
TECHNC'AL
1-00
TECmNICUE
AN ASSOCIATIVITY
CCONINTS:
A
lZIN6 R#ETRIEVAL RESULTS;
ALJTCMATICALLY OPTj
00C.*INT
ORItNTr.O NAT-'PAL. LANG-,;AC.
SYN'fACTICALLY
A SPO*SASILITY FEAT'-!Rf:
ff'PvIEAL SISTEM *IT'I EX ING.
0100ASE
(u)
/
UNCLASSIFIED
DDC
REPORT
SEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY
CONTROL
NO,
/00329
9
1,212
/3
1/1
AD-&S3 "43
PENNSYLVANIA UNIV PHILADELPHIA MOORE SCHOOL OF
ELTCTRICAL ENGINEERING
THE INPUT/OUTPUT AND CONTROL SYSTEM OF TkE MOORE
lu
SCHOOL PRObLEM SOLVING FACILITY,
DESCRIPTIVE NOTE:
TECHNICAL RE T. ,
jUN
47
ISO P
MCRTON,RICHARD
P,
OOLFBERG,MICHAEL S, I
REPT, NO,
67-30
CONTRACT:
NONR-5S$ |
O)
UNCLASSIFIED
REPORT
ieT.atTvPE SYSTEMS, *INJ-o',o-'T
DESCRIPTORS:
(ePROBLEM SOLVING, DIGITAL
OEvICESi,
COMPUTERS) , INFORMAT!ON RETRIEVAL, REAL TIME,
INTERACTIONS. PROGRAMMING(COMPQTERS),
SCNfDULING, REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEMS, MANAGEMENT
ENGINEERING, COMPUTER PROGRAMS, CODING,
INSTRUCTION MANUALS, DOCUMF>,TATION,
BIBLIOGRAPHIES, GRAPHICS, PICTURES,
U
PROCESSING
REPORT
THE
OOCUMENTS
THE
EFFORT
OMICN
HAS
TO
DATE
GONE INTO PROVIOIG THE ON-LINE, REAL-TIME CAPklI6ITY
SOLVING
NEEDED FOR THE ,iDORE SCHOOL PROSLE
rACILITY. THE FACILIT!tS CESCRIGED A'LO* A QSER AT
A
ON
A
COMPOTER
DfSCRlISFD
PROCESS
FROM
THE
INTERNAL
EFFORTS.
To
TERM I N,
REMOTE
ARE
BY
AND
RESPONSISLE
TRANSMITTTNG
COM~uTER,
CODE
.
AsD
EXECuTE
I NP)T ,
PREPARE
EXAMINE
"IS
OUTPLJTj
FOR
CONTROL6!NC
ANn
'M
SvrFERIC
TRANSLATING
SCk[DvLi jN
*"IS
'-E DA'A
OFTW
THE
E
PROGRAm5
PROGRA"S
EN
C
! XTERNA
"P,,[4S'
TO
AS '
AN,:)
UNCLASS I'Etcr
LDDC
REPORT
SCIENTIFIC
Rt(:STONE
AJTOA'ION
NOvEmBE
,;UN
REPT , NO
0 N I 0R~
BIBLIOGRAPHYr
IN
SEARCH' CONTROL
INFOR~MATION
LIB90ARIES
jF!RS1
(,
10O329
REDSTONE
TE
ATL.IS
NO.
*ORKS~rHOP)j
ARSENAL
151
(u
1966.
67
l s
RSI C - a 5
A
A TL IS
.. NCLASSIFIED
DESCRIPTORS:
PROCESSING
$YMPOSIA,
3
REPORT
(OL!URARIES.
A ,TOMAT!ON),
5SSEMS, TECWNICAL INFORM~ATION
PROGRArMMING
-AN>, A~jS
ON-.LINE
IDENTIFIERS:
CFNTERS
iu)i
SYSTEMS
CONTENTS:
GENERAL SYSTEMS
(ALPmA
IN GENERAL.
T14E LANGuAGE CONTROL S,)BSYSTEm
PAfRCN CONTROL. S'%T.M,
OF ALPHA,
AUT0.mAT(D
8C')K OREOERIN'
A,-)
RECEIVING,
BOOK CATALOGING, BOOK CIRCULATION, SERIALS - 6AS;C
7 YSTEM,
SERIALS - WOLDINGS RECORDS, S,'PERVISCQS' Y!E*
OF IMPLEMENTING ALPHA ! , '4A"C
C,RRENT
DISSEMINATION P'AOG AMS !SEL.ECTivL OSSEMINATION OF
!NFORMA7!CN
PROGR~AM,
SF6JCTI*E ODISSE':NAIO
OF.
A LIRAAY SvST'E.
F.0 R SELECTIVE
oISSmITsAfoN OF IF0RM'ICN, NASk/SZ;SER
RE4CTIONS I
RE'
*LECT!VE
SEARt>4,%CG~7Ei
OOCQMEN'ATIc'N CENTER, RS!C
SERS AN" THE Doc
NA
A fq CN A.
!C S
A %r- S Pw C E
SE AqC"ES,
NAL
01
F5 -4
NA SA
T4(
A D 1 4 1S T RA T 0N,
INFORMA'JO% ,
RETRTSPrC~iv[
AP~l'A
!
NS
SCAfCm!NNO
A
OH
-
AT
AN:-
&NC
-l
RtS Cj:O
NAPAL'4
r
S..AE%
.
UNCLASSIFIE:D
DOC
AD-654
REPORT
BSLIOGRAPHY
3q0
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
/03329
5/2
12/i
BOLT BERANEK AND NEWMAN !NC CAMBRIDGE MASS
EFFECTIVENESS OF INFORMATION RETRIEVAL METHODS,
JUN
67
$aft
~evVS,JON A, I
REPT,
No,
CONTRACTZ
pxO' '
Ar
ONITO
BBN-j'gq
APA ORDER-627-2
SCIENTIFIC-8,
AF
84#18
19(b28)-S06i,
AFCRL
(U)
67-041a
UNCLASSIFIED
REPORT
DESCRIPTORS.*
(OiNrCRMATION RETRIEVALi
ErrECTIVENESSI, DECISION THEORY, ANALYSIS,
STATE-OF-THE-AR? REVIEWS, STATISTICAL ANALYSIS,
MATHSMATICAL MODELS , EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS,
INDEXES, DOCUMENTATION
IDENTIFIERSI
EVALUATION,
DENSITY FUNCTIONS
RESULTS
APPLIED
OF
IN
ON-LINE
U)
SYS.'EMS,
(Ui
SOME FIFTY DJFERE
THREE EXPERIMENTAL
T RETRIEVAL METHODS
RETRIEVAL SYSTEMS WERE
SUBJECTED TO THE
DECIS,3N4%THEORY,
ANALYSIS SUGGESTED BY STATISTICAL
THIE
ANALYSIS VALIDATES A
PREVIOUSLY-PROPOSED MEASURE OF ErFECTIVENESS AND
DEMCNSTRATES
ITS SEVERAL iESIRAS.E PROPERTIES, THE
EXAMINATION OF A WIDE RANGE OF DATA IN RELA*ION TO
TMIS ONE METRIC PROVIDES A CLEAR AND GENERAL
ASSESSMENT
OF
THE
CURRENT
STATE
OF
AND SHOWS THAT THE ART 1S
BE CONSIDERED A DESIRABLE
STILL
STATE
PAR rROM oHAT
lAUTHOR)
,
THE
RETRIEVAL
ART,
MIGHT
(U)
8r8
UNCLA$SSIIEP
/00329
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
AD-657
RAND
T1E
EP T ,
REPORT
e12
CORP
BILI oGRAP4v
SANTA
5/9
MONICA
COMPUTER-HER$
AUG
,
47
OR
SEANCH
CONTROL
/
CALIF
/00321
NO,
5/11
512
YILLAIN,
17P
G
EEN Ekr
ER
MA
!N
I
p - 3 k5 6
UNCLASS1FIEQ REPORT
AVAILARILITY: Ou96!SHEO IN
MAGAZI-4, FALL 197,
JOHNS
HOPKINS
DESCRIPTORS:
(oMAN-MACNINE SYSTEMS, ATTITUDEI),
(*EDUCATION, COMPUTER;), (*$;NFORMATION
RETRIEVALt COMPUTEqS , (*COMPUTERS,
ATTITUDES;,
DECIS19N
MAKING,
AUTOMAT!ON,
PERFOkMANCEtENG INEERING)
IOENTIFIERS:
SYSTEMS
jU
COMPuTER-AIDED
INSTRUCTION',
ON-LINE
(U
I" IS HUMAN TO BE tEARFUL AND DiSTRUSTFQL OF A
STRANGER, TME COMPUTER, LESS THAN TWENTY YEARS
SINCE 1TS APPEARANCE UpoN THE COMMLRCIAL SCENE, IS
STILL A RELATIVE §TRANGER TO OUR TImE , STRANGERS
TEND TO LOOK GRAY TO US (AT BEST) AND OUR
INCL!NATION
PEOPLE LOOK
1S TO RANT TO MAKE THEM
VOr SCAPEGOATS, AND THE
COMPUTEP IS A
IT HAS StCOME
BLACK OR
AWESOME
WHITE,
CONVENIENT ONE, WHAT !S SAO IS THAT
A SCAPEGOAT IN CERTAIN SZGMENTS OF THE
SCHOLARLY COMMUNITY, INCLUDING PEOPLE WITH TmE
ABILITY 7O APPLY THE COM;UTER TO HUMANITARIAN ENDS,
THE COMPUTER
POT!NTI;
FOR GO00 IS VAST,
BUT IT
IS
TO
LIKE AN
BE MAO
EMPTY TABLET THAT MUST
USEFUL AND MEANINGFUL,
BE
TO
FILLED IN BY
FILL IT IN
MAN
WELL REGUIRES UNDERSTANDINS, AND THE BIAS THAT
UNDERLIES SCAPEGOATING IS THE ENEMY OF vNOERSTANDING,
IN THE LAST ANALYSIS, THE QUESTION WITH *HICHl WE
IS A
STARTED (THE COMPUTER--HERO OR VILlA!N
GUESTION ABOUT MEN, NOT
OUPSELVES IN ANSWERING,
MACHINES,
UNCLASSI
WE
CAN
LOOK
TO
(U)
IED
/00329
UNCLASSIFIED
ODC
#D-659
REPORT
SIBLIOGRAPHY
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
1OOi39
9
3o"
OREGON STATE UNIV CORVALL IS COMPUTER CENTeR
PROGRESS REPORT ON THE NEBULA COMPUTER,
DESC
L
(U)
IPTIVC NOTE:
RE",
POR I JAN '6-21 AUG 67,
AUG
67
O0LES,.J. A,
BO1
ICHE-VE S,V.
IHAEk,,
N, : HOSELTON,G, A,
ROGOFF B,
RfPT, NO,
CONTRACT:
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DIVERSE FIELDS AS CQMPjTER LANGUAGES, COMPUTER
SYSTEMS OPERATIONAL CHARACTEkil-ICS, CONTROL THEORY'.
DECISION THOY,
INFOPMATICN THECORY, APPLIED
PSYCHOLOGY, COM!'VTER DISPLAY AND ;NTER 'CE
ENGINECRIi ,
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OP"'RATIONAL COST Ol" COYN MAN AND COM~uTER TO A
REMNANT TERMINAL CosY rRICINATE6 3Y THiE REMAINING,
UN~CERTAINTY.
THIS A:'ALI5SS
PRl~R*RE0 FOR LACH OF
A SEI OF POSSIBLE &kLTtERNATIVES FOR AC ION,
'lAY LEAD
To SELECT AND FXECUTC ONE OF TI4Em,
TO TERMINATE
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PROCESS,
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II
VOLUME
'OLUME
i!
CENTER
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THE TIME
ALTEqNATIVE COURSES OF ACTION FOR
FISCAL
YEARS
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THE
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SHOULD
AND
BE
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1967
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YEAR
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AND
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THE
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BE
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AT
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PERIOD
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EOUIPMENT,
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CORPORATION,
CONSISTS
REQUIREMENTS;
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THREE-MONTH
A
DOCUMENTATION
DEFENSE
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RESULT
THE
COIPUTERS,
IES,
CENTER,
DOCUMENTATION
INFORMATION
VOLUME
-
PLANNING,
DIGITAL
6IBLIOGRAP
DEVELOPMENT
FOR
RET*IE' A,
ON
MANAGEMENT
TIME,
171,
ADO67
STA*i.-OF-THE-ART
ABSTRACTS,
!S
SYSTEM
CONhUCTED
2,
SYSTEMS,
CENTERS,
DEFENSE
DOCUMENT
NEEDS
M
VOLUME
ALSO
AT
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SYSTEMS,
THE
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DEFEWSE,
EFFECTIIVENESS,
BY
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INFORMATION
IDENTIFIERS:
THIS
STUDY,
'L.AN
YEAM
N,
j$DOCUMENTATION,
DESCIPTORS;
ON-LI JE
5
VA
CHIRCH
FIVE
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REPORT
NOTE:
SUPPLEMENTARY
PJ-NCHED
2q
TM-RD-268/OO1/00
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NO,
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ODC
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AS S I
WHICH
ALTERNATIVE
CHOSEN
FUTURE
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(U)
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101
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171
BIBLIOGRAPHY
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OFrENSE
OCUMENTATION CENTER FIVF YEAR PLAN
NEEDS AND REQUIREMENTS,
VOLUME 11,
TECHNICAL
DESCRIPTIVE NOTE:
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3 7?
AUG
REPT,
NO,
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UNCLASSIFIEiD
S, .PPLEMENTARY NOTE:
REPORT
SEE
ALSO
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1,
AD-667
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(*DOCUMENTATI ON, STATE-CF-THE-ARDESCRIPTORS:
REVIEWS), (*DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS,
DOCUMENTATION), INFORMATION RETRIEVAL,
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, MANAGEMENT PLANNING,
TECHNICAL INFORMATION CENTERS, DIGITAL COMPUTERS,
COMPUTER OPERATORS, COMPUTER PROGRAMS,
PROCESSING, AUTOr,ATI-q, REAL TIME, FLO*
CHARTING,
(U)
BIBLIOGRAPHIES
iDENTIrTERS:
ANNOUNCEMENT
DEFENSE DOCUMENTATION
BULLETINS, UNIVAC 1307
CENTER,
COMPUTERS
(U)
THIS VOLUME CONTAINS DESCRIPTIONS O
CURRENT
OPERATIONS OF THE DOCUMENT SYSTEM. THE MANAG7MENT
INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND THE AUTOMATIC DATA
PROCESSING !ADP) SYSTEM, AN ASSESSMENT OF THE
ADP SYSTEM IS INCLUDED, CURRENT REGUIREMENTS
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WORKING AGREEMENTS, FUTURE REQUIREMENTS ARE
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Ck;RRENT NEEDS ARE POSTULATED AS THOSE NEEDS WHICH
SHOULD BE MET IN THE FIRST TWO OR THREE YEARS TO
AND
OE
OF THE OPERATIONS AT
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AND DEVELOPMENTS IN THE THREE-TO-FiVE
(AUTHOR)
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DOC, FUTURE NEEDS CONTAINS
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102
UNCLASSZFIEr
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UNCLASSIrIED
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AC-667
REPORT
BI1LIOGRAFHY
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SEARCH
512
CONTROL
NO,
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SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT C-RP FALLS CHURCH VA
YEAR PLAN
DEFENSE DOCUMENTATION CENTER FiV
II1, STATE OF THE AOT STUDY,
VOLUME
AUG
REPT,
66
NO,
TECHNICAL
NOTE:
DESCRIPTIVE
STUDY,
(U)
MEMO
J164P
TM-*D-260/O03/OO
UNCLASSIFIED
REPORT
(*DOCUMENTATION,
'ESCRIPTORS:
REVIEWS).
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(ODATA
PROCESSING
STATE-OF-THE-ART
SYSTE[
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DOCUMENTATION), INFORMATION RETRIEVAL,
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, MANAGEMENT PLANNING,
TECHNICAL INFORMATION CENTERS, DIGITAL COMPUTERS,
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, COMPUTER STORAGE DEVICES,
PUNCHED CARDS, CATHODE RAY TUBES, MULTIPLE
OPERATION,
TIME
IDENTIFIERS:
SHARING,
DEFENSE
COMPILERS
DOCUMENTATION
CU)
CENTER,
MULTIPROCESSING, rORTRAN, COBOL, PL/2
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, INrORMATION MANAGEMENT
(U)
THIS VOLUME CONTAINS MATERIALS WHICH ARE INTENDED
I CENTER
TO PROVIDE AID TO DEFENSE DOCUMENTAT
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IDDC) IN ITS EVALUATION, SELECTION AND LTILTZA'
OF COMPUTER HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE, SECTICN 8
DEPICTS THE MOST LIKELY DEVELOPMENT OF COMPUTER
HARDWARE IN ITS ORGANIZATION, CAPABILITIES, AND
APPLICATION
C ANALYZES
TO DDC,
DURING
ASPECTS
THE NEXT F;VE YEARS,
OF COMPUTER SOFTWARE
SFCT!ON
OF CONr-qN
(
103
UNCLASSIFIED
y.
/00329
UNCLASSIFIED
173
AD-667
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3/1
SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT
)FrENSE OOCUMENTATON
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NO,
CONTROL
SEARCH
IOGRAPMY
8BL
REPORT
DDC
CHURCH
IVE YAR
CORP FALLS
CENTER
VA
STUDY:
PLAN
(U)
APPENDIX,
ED
UNCLASS:F
FSCRjr_
RS:
fEVIWSI
,
oSTATE-O
(DOCUMENTATION,
PROCESSING SYSTEMS,
ER
PERSONNEL,
MAGNETIC
THESAURi ,
THIS
OF
THE
SINGLE
HEADINGS
SAKE
OF
SECTION,
EXPECTED
TO
IN
(U)
DATA
THE
NEXT
LISTED
OTHER
CLARITY
THE
SOME
THESE
EX7END
OF
BEYOND
TIME
MICROFILM,
CENTER,
(U)
FOR
RECOMMENDATIONS
IN
ARE
DEVELOPMENTS
THE
PRINTING,
CONTAINS
DEVELOPMENTS
FUNCTIONAL
FOR
TAPE,
DEFENSE DOCUMENTATION
ON-LINE SYSTEMS
APPENDIX
RELATED
LANGUAGES,
SUBROUTINES,
CENTERS,
STATISTICAL
CLASSIFICATION,
1DENTIFIEP S
COMPUTERS,
DIGITAL
PROGRAMMING
INFORMATON
TECHNICAL
SHAMING,
ART
-rTHT
RETRIEVAL,
INFORMATION
DEFENSE,
OF
DEPARtMENT
T
REPORT
(*DATA
DOCUMENTATION),
COMPU
;
m-WD-268/004/00
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REPT,
MEMO.,
*ATSON,R,
16t
&6
SEP
TECHNICAL
NOTE:
A;SCRIPTIVr
THE
FIVE
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ARE
OF
LISTED
TH0E
HERE
DEVELOPMENTS
FIVE
UNCLASSIFIED
YEAR
MANY
UNDER
IMPLIED
SECTIONS
COMPUTER
YEARS,
REPORT,
IN
A
ARE
PERIOD,
(U)
/00329
TIME
SHARING
UNCL ASSIFIED
DDC
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
AD-643 CB
MASFACHUSETTS
PRnJEC-
INST
NO,
CAMBRIDGE
NO,
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COMPUTATION
(U)
ANNUAL
PROGRESS
REPT.
NO,
I FOR
PERIOD
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JUL
TECH
CONTROL
MAC,
0ESC0ij' 'IvE NOTE:
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OF
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MAC-PR-1
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NON %40Z2Q
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P*4jO'
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SUPPLEMENTARY
REPORT
NOTE:
DESCRIPTORS:
(*ENGINEEmING PERSOrNEL,
COMPUTERS),
tSCJENTIF'IC PERSONNEL, CO"PL.TERS ,
10DIGITAL COM U T ERS, DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS)$
EDUCATION, SCIENTIFIC RESEARCM, ENGINEERING,
CIVIL ENGINEERING, ELECTRONICS LABORATORIES,
SOCIAL SCIENCES, M&NAGEMENT ENGINEERINC,
PRCGRAMMING(COMPuT[RS), DOCUMENTAT ION,
ARTIF ICIAL INTELLIGENCE, CYBERNETICS,
OPTIMIZATION. TIME
IDENTIFIERS:
MAC PROJECT
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THE BROAD GOAL. O' PROJECT
INVESTIGATION OF NEN *AYS
(U)
imULTIPLE-ACCESS(U)
MAC IS EXPERIMENTAL
IN *HICM DIRECT LINKS
ON-LINE COMPUTERS CAN AID PEOPLE IN
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RHETMER RES[ARCH, ENGINEERING
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MONITORS, MAGNETI"
TAPES,
PERIODICALS,
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PROGRAMMING
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MAC
A
SHARE,
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SUPPLEMENTARY
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REPT, ON PRO ,,
MAC PRESENTED AT
ON COMPUTER METHOOS IN TME ANALYSIS
SOC;AL 5YSTEMS, SPONSCRED By THE
JOINT CENTER FOR LRBAN STUDIES 0
THE
MASSACHUSETTS !NST, OF TECM, AND HARVARD . NIv,
CAMBRIDGE, MASS, , 19OCT a4,
SEE ALSO
AD-604
NOTE:
THE CONFERLNCE
OF LARGE-SCALE
bel ,
DESCRIPTORS:
.*CCNP TERS, SIMULATION',
PURPOSE COMPUTERS, OPERATICN ,, ESEARf",
PROC rSING SYSTEMS, SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
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PROGRAMMING
SPECIAL
DATA
i
MAC
PROJECT, OP-2, TiME-S
SYSTEMS, CN-LINE SYSTEMS
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(L
COMPUTER SIMULATICN IS A C^OPERATIvE VENTuRE
BETOEEN RESEARCHEq AND I1NF-IMATION PROCESSOR,
8.1 THE
CcESsOR's %cLE CUSTOMARILY BEGINS TOC LATf, THE
RESEARCk[Q CAN BENEF!T SLSSTANTIALIY BY BRINGING THE
COMPUTER %jP INTO THE EARL ER, CREAT !,E PHASES Cr THE
SIMULATION PROCESS. AN ON-LINE COMPjTER SVS
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SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
/0033C
93
SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT CORP SANIA MONICA CALIr
A USER-ORIENTED PRIORITY S:HEME FOR A TIME-SHARING
SYSTEM,
JUN
REFf, NC,
CliNTRACT!
(U)
3SP
65
SP-21tI
SD-97
JiCLASSIFIED
SePLEMENTA~v
DESCRIP70RS:
SCHEDULING),
AUTOMATIC
IDENTIFIERS:
SYSTEMS
TOTSC
KRORERT
A,
REPORT
NOTE;
(*PRQGRAMmING{COMPUTER
(*COMWI'-ERS.
),
SCHEDULING),
(u!
TIME
SHANING(COMPUTERS),
ON-LINE
(U
SYSTEMS HAVE YIELDED LARGE PAYOFFS IN
TIE-S .ARING
C0MPUTER PRC' RAM PRODUCTION ST PROVDING FAST
.CE UGGING, CORPORATIONS
TURNAROUND AND INTERACTI'
TIME-50-ARING SYSTEMS WILL
OR INSTITUTES THAT INSTA.
FIND THAT THEIR SySTEMS WILL SOON 8E SATURATED wITH
IS EXPANDEn, BY
USERS, UNTIL THE SYSTEM CAPACITY
MEANS OF HARDWARE OR SOFTWARE CHANGES, IT MAY SE
OESi'ABLE TO IMPLjMENT A PRI ORITY SYSTEM THAT *ILL
FACILITATE WORK ON CRITICA' PROJLCTS AND INSURE THE
MEETING 'L DEntPLINES, THIS PAPER DISCUSSES THE
CRITERIA FOR A TIME-SHARING PRIORITY SCHEME AND
PRESENTS SOME TECHNIOUES FOR SUPEhIMPOSING A PRIORITY
'CIIEME UPON A TYPICAL TIMESHARING CONFIGURATION.
THE SCHEME HAS THNEE PRIMAPY PRIORITIES: HIGH,
Ut RS ARE ALLOCATED BUDGETS OF
PRORITY TIME FIR THE SUCCEEDING
M3NTH BASED UPON THER CURRENT FORECAST AND PREVIOUS
US',GE, ALL USERS ARE GIVEN UNLIMITED NO PRIORITY
TIME. THE SALIENT FEATURE OF THE SCHEME IS THAT THE
USERS DETERMINE WWEN AND AT *HICH PRIORITY THEY *ILL
OPERATE, SOME EXAMPLES OF THE BUDGET ALLOCATION
(U)
PROCESS ARE INCLUOEO. (AUTHOR)
LOW,
HIGH
AND
AND
NO,
LOW
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CLEVELAND,
24-6
f#.COMPUTERS, SCwEDULING).
DESCR'PTORS'
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PROCESSING SYSTEMS, SC~iEDULINC)
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SEARCH
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NO,
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020
SYSTEM
TRACE
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M:UDEL
1,
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SEP
65
530
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NO:
CONTRACT:
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ANALYSIS, CLASSIFICATION, 'ELETYPE S'tSTEMS,
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MARINQ(COmPUTERSj, ON-LINE SYSTEMS,
JOVIAI ,
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THE
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PROGRAMMEM'
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THE USER WITH AN QN-LINE TECHNIQUE FOR SCANNING DATA
AND DERIVING VARZ &S8ES, ?HE T_'CMN4QUE ASSISTS IN
CREAIZNG
AND
EVALUATINC
OPTIMAL INDICES FOR
AfoNG EMP!RiCAL DATA, TRACE
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COMPUTER AT SOC, THE ON-LINE CAPABILITY OF THE
PROGRAM PERMITS IMH£Oi#TE FEEDBACK TO THE USER ABOUT
THE RELAT!VE OTtL: Y O
DERIVED INDICES ANO PERMITS
EXSH
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E .ATIONS
OR MODIFICATION Of THESE FOR FURTHER
ANALYSES, THE TIME-SHARING CAPABILITY OF THE
PROI
AS PERMITS EFFICIENT USE OF THT COMPUTER
PROCESS, lAUTHOR)
ADOPTION
IN
THIS
(U?
113
UNCLASSIFIED
/003O
UNCLA5SIFIED
D.-C
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
AD-62a 023
SYSTCM DEVELOPMENT CORP
YHE T INT USERS' GUIDE,
SEARCH
SANTA
CONTROL
MONICA
/00330
CALIF
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DESPI PTIVE NOTE:
TECHNICAL "EMO,,
JUL
65
162P
KENNEDY, PHYLLIS
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CONTRACT:
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INSTRUCTION MANUALS),
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SYSTEMS
THE USERS' GUIDE
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INSTRUCTS
ON HOW TO
THE
USE
jOVIAL,
(U)
PROSPECTIVE
TINT, THE ON-
LINE TELETYPE JOVIAL INTERPRETER. T-E GUIDE
PRESENTS A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO Twr T
E-SHARING
SY:TEM, A COMPLETE DESCRIPTION OF TF
ADLECT
THE o VIAL LANGUAGE THAT TINT INTERPRETS, AND
TSS COMMANDS THAT
TINT,
(AUTHOR)
APE
REQUIRED
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14
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/003-10
/
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
REPORT
AD-624
BI
1.ICGRAPHy
I 10
LINCOLN
ON LINE
SEARCH
912
CONTROL
NO,
/00330
5/2
LAB MASS INST
DOCUMENTATION
TECH LEXINGTON
THE COMPATIBLE
OF
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TIME-SHARING
SYSTEM,
(U)
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MAY
REPT,
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65
NO,
TECHNICAL
SOP
WINETTJOEL
ESO
SUPPLEMENTARY
DESCRIPTORS:
NONR-410201)
TRO-65-68
,
REPORT
UNCLASSIFIED
NCTE:
(SPRQGRAMMING(COMPUTERS),
DOCUMENTATION),
COb
PETRIEVAL,
DATA
STORAGE
LANGUAGES,
COMPUTERS
SYSTEMS,
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MONITO
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THE
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4U)
1 15
UNCLASS IF IED
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330
UNCLASS IF IED
DOC
REPORT
AO'-625
BIBLIOGRAPHV
728
9/2
MASSACHUSETTS
THE
PRIORITY
SEPT,
N
CONTRACT:
PROj:
INST
TECH
CAMBRIDGE
U
REENSERGERWARTIN
NONR-E4Z02Ol)
REPORT
NOTE:
NATIONAL
AMERICA
(27TH),
OF
ON
THE
BOSTON,
6
ANALYSIS,
PRIORITY
P1OJECT,
DECISIONS
MUS
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COMPUTER
T
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TIME,
A
INTEREST
AMONG
REQUIREMENTS
ITS
ARE
RESPONSE
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IN
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PROCEDURE
SHARING
AND
ALLOWS
EXTENSIONS
ARE
ARE
DESIGN
OF
OF
FUTURE
AND
AND
EXECUTIO.,
REGUESTS,
SE
MENTS
FASHION,
THE
IN
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TRADEOrF
BETWEE"
THIS
STRATEGIES
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PRIORITY
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REVIEWED,
FOR
OF
TIME-SHARED
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THE
A
USERS,
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ROUND-ROBIN
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AND
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KNOWN
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PRIORITY
IS
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NOT
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.
COSTS,
TIME
APPORTIONED
SERVICE.
CONTEMPORARY
SERVED
AT
OF
(U)
MAC
FACILITIE
SERVICE
PRESENTED
SOCIETY
65.
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REAL
SNARING(COMPVTERS),ON-LINE
ACCESS SYSTEM
KEEP
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SYSTEMS
IDENTIFIERS:
DEMANDS
PROJ,
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MAy
(*COMPUTERS,
MATHEMATICAL
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REPT,
MEETING
DESCRIPTORS:
THE
/OO3O
NR-O'ig'j89
SUPPLEMENTARY
TO
NO.
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UNCLASSIFIED
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3/
CF
45
35P
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AND
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UNCLASSIrIED
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0330
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
AD-629
REPORT
SIBLIOGRAP4Y
494
MACI
DESCRIPTIvE
JUL
REPT, NO,
CONTROL
NO.
/00330
9/a
MASSACHUSETTS
PROJECT
SEARCH
INST
C
TECH
PROGRESS
NOTE:
CAMSRIOGE
REPORT
ANNUAL
It;
PROGRESS
JULY
1964
TO
JULY
REPTI
45
21Ip
MAC-PR-2,
CONTRACT!
NONRP-410
PROJ'
NR-0-'1690,
(01)
UNCLASSIFIED
SUPPLEMENTARY
REPORT
NOTE:
DESCRIPTORSI
(*COMPUTERS, MAN *ACHINE SYSTEMS,)
INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, DATA TRANSMISSION SYSTEIS,
TEACHING MACHINES, ARTIFICIAL INTELLTGENCE,
' t ME
(Uf
:DENTIFIERS:
TIME SHARINGICOMMUTERS). LISPt
PROJECT,ON-LINE SYSTEMS, MULTIPLE ACCESS
5YSTEM
THE
BROAD
GOAL
INVESTiGATION
OF
OF
PROJECT
NEW
#AYS
MAC
IN
IS
MAC
(U)
EXPLRqIMNTAL
AH!C-4
ON-LINE
USE
OF
COMPUTERS CAN AID PEOPLE IN THEIR INDtVIDUAL
CK I
WHETHER RESEARCW, ENGINEERING DESIGN, MANAGEMENT, OR
FDUCAT JON,
(AUTHOR)
(U)
117
UCLASSI
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/00330
/I2
7
CL A S S , IP I E D
.
DOC
REPORT
AD-629
BIRLIOGRAP-v
SEARCH
CONTROL
NC,.
j'Gr:310
967911
GENERAL EL ECTRIC CO WASHINGTON
THE APPLICAT 1O0N OF LARGE-SCALE
!NF-*MAT ION
FORCE
D C
COMPUjTERS
To
DC5CRIPTIVL N
MAR
66
MCCABEF.,jOHN
fE*
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JAN
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F,
ESCRI1-'C1S'
(o IR FORCE,
*AGES) , io'OMP-TERS,
PERS, N!L. MANAGrMENT , ;#AIR FORCE WERSONNfl_
COM%;?ERS;, MAT EMATICAL MODELS, ALGOR~HmmrS
FFAS!!h ITY STUDIEF, RE'OTE CONTROL SYS,cS10
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DETER ,INE T,_ FEASIBILIT1v Of :EN!IRAL4Z I NG
AT A LUHP'JY R CE-.
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REMCTE ACCE AVPPLCATIONS EXA'ANED* !1)
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m!mORY OAS 8.4LT, LAR -ELY USING INEGRAT D
CIRCUITS AND *AS 7.jNO TO RORK AS DESIRED, IT 15
CONCLUDED THAT THE DESGN APPROACm *ILL
YIELD A
CHARACTER GENERATR THAT 7S OF LO- FNOUG
CO fr 1.
*ORD
FIND
RIDE
USE
IN
REMOTE
COMPUTER
TERMINALS,
fAUTHOR,
Ii
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A4
UNCLASS
uOC
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
'IE_
SEAKCH
CONTROL
NO,
/00330
674
/
5/7
1712
CORP SANTA MQNICA CALIF
USE OF MULTIPLE ON-LINE, TIME-SHARED COMPUTER
CONS06ti IN SIMULATION AND GAMING,
AD-4AJ
RAND
JUN
REPT, NO,
67
63P
P-J606
NORTHROPG,
UNCLASIFIED
(U)
I
P"PORT
SUPPLEMENTARY
SYMPOSIUM
0, C, 8-
H,
NOTE:
ON NATIONAL
JUN IW&7,
-PARED
GAMING
FOR PRESENTATION AT
COUNCIL, WASHINGTONI
(ewAq
GAMES, SIMULAYI0"),
(*DATA
PROCESSING SYSTEMS, oSiMULATION), TImE SHARING,
CONTROL SYSTEMS, PgOGRAMMING(COMPUTEMS),
REAL TIME, COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS, PROGRAMMING
DESCRIPTORSI
LANGUAGES
IDENTIFIERS:
SOME
(i)
ON-LINE
PRESENT-DAY
CONSOLE COMPUTER
rILE SYSTEM, ONE
SYSTEMS,
ON-LINE,
JOSS
(U)
TIME-SHARED,
MULTIPLE-
SYSTEMS PROVIDE FOR USE OF
CO .jOLE CAN F!LE A 04ESSAG!
( IE.,oINFORMATIQN') WHICH CAN
ANOTHER CONSOLE, SY PROGRAMMING
BE RECA. LED
CONSOLES TO
A
COhMON
BY
PERIODICALLY
HIGHLY
SYSTEM
INTERROGATE CERTAIN FILES, A CRUDE, OUT
SERVICEABLE, STORE-AND-FORWARD LJMMUNICATION
CAN BE CREPYED AND LARGE NUMBERS OF ON-LINE,
TIME-SHARED COMPUTt"
CONSOLES CAN 11 USED TO ENTER,
R[CALL, PROCESS, AND DISPLAY INFORMATION TYPICAL OF
THAT USED IN COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEMS AND THE PLAY
OF GAMES, THE RAND CORPORATION'S JOSS SYSTEM
PR-VIDES THE CAPABILITY DESCRIBED, IN ADDITION TO
ITS USE FOR THE SQLUTION Or SCIENTIFIC PROBLEMS, ;T
IS PRESENTLY BEING EMPLOYED TO SIMULATE IN REAL TIME
ELEMENTS OF AN AUYOMATED TACTICAL A;R CONTROL SYSTEM
AND IN THE PLAY OF TACTICAl. GAMES AND GAMES OF GLO!AL
STRATEGY, THE SIMPLE, EASY-TO-LEARN PROGRAMMING
LANGUAGE
WITH
THIS
MAKES FEASISLE CONSIDERABLE EXPERIMENTATION
SCHEDULING ALGORITHMS, DECISION RULES, ETC,
PAPER DESCRIBES THE BASIC FEATURES OF THE
USE OF
GAMING
MULTIPLE JOSS
AND DISCUSSES
LIMITATIONS,
(AUTHOR)
AND
CONSOLES IN
SOME O
THE
LESSONS
LEARNED
SIMULATION AND
ADVANTAGES,
TO
DATE,
(U)
UNCLASSIFIED
/00330
UNCLASSIFIED
DC
AD-657
REPORT
SIRLIOCRAPHY
04
9)2
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
/00330
!2/1
STATE UNIV Or NE* YORK STONY BROOK
DISCREET SYSTEMS AND DIGITAL COMPUTER CONTROL.
47
9P
CHANGSHELDMN S. L,
I
CONTRACT:
MONITOR:
AF-AFOSR-542-67
AFOSR
6--18a3
UNCLASSIFILD REPORT
AVAILADILITY: PUBLISHED IN
APPLIED
REVIEWS
1467,
V20
DESCRIPTORSI
COMPU T ERS),
LINEAR
RANDOM
(U)
N5
P429-37
MAY
MECHANICS
(@CONTROL SYSTEMS, *DIGITAL
SAMPLING, T!ME SHARING, ERRORS,
SYSTEMS, FEEDBACK, INTEGRAL TRANSFORMS,
VARIABLES, OPTIMIZATION. NONLINEAR
SYSTEMS, ADAPTIVE SYSTEMS
IDENTIFIEPS?
ON-LINE SYSTEMS
(U)
(U)
THE CIITAL COMPUTER GREATLY MULflPLIES THE
ADAPTIVE AND LEARN;NG CAPAtILITIES 9F CONTROL
SYSTEMS.
WITH THE RAPID DEVELOPMENT OF HIGH SPEED
COMPUTERS, THE DA' SOON MAY COME THAT ANY ENGINEERING
PROCEDURE OF MEASUREMENT AND DESIGN WICH CAN BE
WRITTEN INTO AN ALGORITHM CAN BE USED AS PART OF AN
ON-LINE ADAPTIVE OR LEARNING SYSTEM, IN SUCH A
SYSTEM, THE CONTROL LAW IS ALWAY; THE BEST *!THIN
LIMITS OF ENGINEERING KNOW-HOW AND THZ LIM!TSD ONLINE AS WELL A3 PRIOR-TEST KNOWLEDGI ABOUT THE
SYSTEM, A BASIC LIMITAT ON IS THAT IN WRITING THE
ALGORITHM, THE ENGINEER HAS
DEVELOPMENTS, AND SPECIFIES
LEARNING RESPONSE,
To FORESEE ALL POSSIBLE
THE IMMEDIATE AS WELL A5
(U)
124
;NCLASSIFIED
/00330
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
REPORT
AD-6S7 781
CARNEGIE
INT
SC IENCEE
BULK CORE
CONTRACT:
PRIqO
SI5LIOGRAPY
IN
OF
A
9/1
TECH
36Q/67
SEARZ
CONTROL
PITTBuLRGH
PA
TJME-SHARINr
67
34!r
ScD-I'
LAUERIXUGH
DEPT
NO,
OF
/00330
COMPUTER
SYSTEM,
C,
(U)
I
AF-9716
AFO!R
MONITOR9
6?-|968
UNC6ASSIFtED
DESCRIPTORS:
SHARING),
RZFORT
(OCOMPUTER STORAGE
MA6NETIC
CORE
DEVICES,
*TIME
STORAGE,
MODELS(SIMULATIONS), STOCHASTIC PROCESSES,
RANDOM VARIABLES, QATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS
IDENTIF3eCit
ON-LINE SYSTEMS, MAGNETIC DRUM
STORA5E
(U?
qU)
IN TIME-SHARING SVI EMS PHERE PROGRAMS AND DATA
MOVE FREQUENTLY BETWEEN STORAGE MEDIA. PERFORMANCE
MEASURED IN TERMS OF RESPONSE TIME, AVAILABILITY,
CAPACITY, AND
THE SYSTEM TO
UPON
DEMAND,
GEN;RALITY DEPENDS ON THE ABILITY O
MOV; INFORMATION QUICKLY AND PROMPTLY
ANALYSIS OF AND EARLY EXPERIENCES
YT
%
L-:r
TSS/360 REVEAL THAT A
CANNOT MEET THE DEMANDS IMPOSED BY USER TASKS,
CONSEQUENTLY, CARNEGIE INSTITUTE OF
TECHNOLOGY HAS REPLACED THE DRUM ON !TS 360/7
wITH
LARGE
CAPACITY
CORE
STORAGE,
A
M1DEL
WITH
OF
THE DRUM SYSTEM WAS CONSTRUCTED, AND IT WAS
DISCOVERED THAT IT COULD NOT SUPPORT ITS MAXIMUM
PAGING RATE EXCEP T UNDER CONDITIONS WHICH IMPOSE
HIGH
SYSTEM COSTS, IT WAS
ITS ROTATING NATUVE,
ALSO FOUND THAT BECAUSE OF
IT ACTUALLY WITHDRAWS
SigNIFICANT PORTIONS OF MEMORY FROM THE USABLE MAIN
MEMORY Of THE SYSTEM, BULK CORE, WHEN OPERATED
4[TH A SIMPLE CORE-TO-CORE CHANNEL, HAS NEITHER OF
THESE VAULTS, IT PROVIDES THE ADDED ADVANTAGE THAT
NOT ALL PAGES NEED BE SWAP*ED--THOSE WHICH ARE NOT
HEAVILY USED MAY fE REFERENCD DIRECTLY BY THE CP,
BY OPERATING SELECTIVELY IN BOTH MODES WE EXPECT
NEARLY AN ORDER Of MAGNITUDE BETTER PERFORMANCE THAN
IS POSSIBLE WITH
DRUM,
(AUTHOR)
(U)
1U 5
UNCLASSIFIED
/0033O
3"
UNCLASS I
DDC
REPORT
BSiLVCGRAPHY
783
AO-4s
CARNLGIE
SC! ENCE
TO*ARD
TEC4
ECONOMICAL
JVL
67
SELW'*NLEE
CONTRACT!
11RC: 4
OF
SEARCH
CONTROL
NOt
/OJ30
17/2
1/2
INST
IED
PITTSBURGH
REMOTE
IP
PA
COMPUTER
OF
DEPT
COMPUTER
ACCESS,
GOLD,MitAEL
(U)
M,
L,
SD-I144
NONR-MIO2(OI)
AF-9718
MONITOR:
AFOSR
67-2OS
REPORT
UNCLASSIFIED
DESCRIPTORS:
(eCOMPUIERS, *REMOTE CONTROL
SYSTEMS),
f*TIME SHARING, ECONOMICS),
(OCOMMUNICI-TION SYSTEMS, TIME SHARING), COSTS,
TLL
'Pt SYSTEMS, TELEPHONE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS,
EFFICIENCY
IDENTIFIERS:
THE
(U)
ON-LINE
COMMUNICATIONS
REMOTELY
SYSTEMS
SERVICES
ACCESSING
A
AVAILABLE
TIME-SmAJED
TO
A
COMPUTLR
USER
SYSTEM
ARE
CONSIDERED IN LIGHT OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF SUCH
USAGE, WHILE TIME-SHARED SYSTEMS ARE DESI-NED TO
PROVIDE THE COMPUTER USER W!TH THE OPPORTUNITY TO
WORK AT HIS MOST ADVANTAGEOUS SPEED AND INTERACT WITH
THE COMPUTER AT HIS CONVENIENCE, AVAILABLE
COMMUNICATIONS SERVICE7 HAVE NOT AS YET BEEN DESIGNED
FOR EFFICIENT AND ECONOMIC TIME-SHARING COMPUTER
USAGE, A PLAN
COMMUNICATION
ACCESSING THE
ALTHOUGH
USERS
TO
LEASING
IS SUGGESTED WHICH WOULD SHARE
FACILITIES AMONG MANY USERS1 EACH USER
FACILITY FOR BRIEF PEWIODS OF TIME,
PRESENT
TECHNOLOGY
CONSTRUCT
A
CONVENTIONmL
WOULD
ALLOW
SHARED-CARRIER
CIRCUITS FROM
O
THE
A
GROUP
.RATION
OF
BY
COMMON
CArRIERS, IT IS SUGGESTED THAT THE COMMON CARRIERS
OFFER A SHARING SERVICE, CHARGING FOR COMMUNICATIONS
BY THE AMOUNT Of INFORMAT'ON TRANSMITTED RATHER THAN
THE TIME THE CIRCUIT IS OPEN, UNLESS SUCH A SYSTEM
IS
IMPLEMENTED,
SHARING
CANNOT
THE
BE
FULl
ECONOMIC
ATTAINED,
ADVANTAGES
(AUTHOR)
OF
TIMEIU)
126
UNCLASSIFIED
/00330
UNCLA! SI1 ED
DDC
REPORT BIBLIOGRAPHY
CEARCH
CONTROL
NO'. /00330
AD-'45S8 477
9/2
SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF
THE SDC TIME-SHARING SYSTEM REVISITED,
DESCRIPTIVE NOTEI
PROFESSIONAL PAPER,
AUG
47
30P
SCHWARi ,JUL S F, I
WEISSMANCLARK I
REPT, NO,
SP-1876
UNCLASSIFIED
(U)
REPOR T
SUPPLEMENTARY NOTE:
PRESENTED AT THE
CONFERCNCE, WASHINGTON, g, C,, ag-31
1947 NATIONAL
AUGUST
(*TINE SHARING, REVIEWS), (ODATA
DESCRIPTORSI
.HARING;,
PREDICTIONS,
PROCESSING SYSTEMS, 7ICOMPUTER STORAGE DEVICES, INPUT-OUTPUT DEVICES,
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, MANAGEMCNT PLANNING,
COSTS, FLOW CHARTING, MAGNETIC CORE STORAGE,
EFFICIENCY, MAINTENANCE
ON-LINE SYSTEMS, LISP, LIST
IDENTIFIERSI
PROCESSING
ACM
kU)
(U)
THE 50C TIME-SHARING SYSTEM JTS$), WHICH
OPERATES ON AN IBM AN/PSO-3a COMPUTER AT SYSTEM
DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, SANTA MONICA, WAS
ORIOINALLv DESCRIBED IN A PAPER ENTITLED *A
GENERAL-PURPOSE TIME-SHARING SYSTEM,'
PUBLISHED IN 1144, TSS HAS NOW BEEN IN OPERATIONAL
USE FOR FOUR YEARS, SEA 'ING A LARGE AND VARIED
COMMUNITY Of
OCA& AND REMOTE USERS, THIS PAPER
DESCRIBES THE PRESENT CA&AS:.ITIES OF TSS,
RESOURCE
DISCUSSES THE CRITICAL PROBLEMS O
MANAGEMieNT (AND T WE SOLUTIONS TO THOSE PROBLEMS
EMPLOYE d IN TSS), AND REVIEWS THE AUTHORS' ORIGINAL
STATEMENTS REGARDING THE ADVANTAGES OF TIME-SHARIN6
FOR SUCH IASKS AS ON-LINE PROGRAMMING AND DEBUGGING,
THE TECHNIOUES FO
MANAGING CPU TIME, STORAGE
MEDIA, AND USER/SYSTEM I"TERACTION ARE DESCRIBED IN
SOME DETAIL, AN ATTEMPT IS MADE TO PO.NT OUT THE
WEAK AS WELL AS TWE STRONG POINTS OF TSS, AND TO
INDICATE SOME OF THE EFFECTS THAT SYSTEMS SUCH AS
TSS HAVE HAD UPON COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY,
(AUTHOR)
(U)
127
UNCLASSIFIED
/00330
UNCLASSIFIED
REPORT
DOC
AO-641
BIBLIOGRAPHY
604
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
9/2
SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF
TRACE--mODEL II USER'S GLIDE, TIMESHARED ROUTINES
ANALYSIS, CLASSIFICATION AND EVALUATION,
DESCRIPTIVE
!'
REPT,
OCT
NOTE?
67
No.
O
/ooJ
TECHNICAL MEMO,,
igOP
TM-J*21iO03/O0
CONTRACT:
FOR
(U)
ESADARICHARD
P,
I
DAHCIS-67-C-07?
UNCLASSIFIED
REPORT
DESCM.PTORS;
(eCOMPUTER PROGRAMS, INSTRUCTION
MANUALS),
(*TIME SHAR;NG, DATA PAOCESSING
SYSTEMS), PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, SUBROUTINES,
PROBLEM SOLVING, MAN-MACHINE SYSTEMS
IDENTIFIERS:
ON-LINE SYSTEMS, TRACE
.OvIAL
THE
(U)
(U)
DOCUMENT
PRESENTS A USER'S DESCRIPTION OF THE
TRACE SvSTEK, WHICH PROVIDES AN ON-LINE TECHNIUE
FOR SCANNING DATA AND DERIVING VARIABLES, IT IS
DIVIDED INTO TWO MAIN SECTIONS: THE FIRST A
TUTORIAL GUIDE IN T RODCING THE USER TO THE BA-C
PRINCIPLES Oir THE SYSTEM, AND THE SECOND A RL CRENCE
GUIDE
THE
TO
USER
THE
IS
ENTIRE
SODY
Or
THE
TRACE
PROGRAM,
SHOwN
HOW 10 INITIATE AN INTERACTION
WITH 'HE TIME-SHARING 4YSTEm, HOW TO EMPLOY EVERY
CAPABILITY OF TRACE, WHAT ERRORS MAY BE EXPECTED IN
OPERATION, AND WHAT STATISTICAL PRODUCTS MAY SE
DERIVED THROUH USE OF THE PROGRAM. A COMPLETE
INDEX
OF
THE
ALLOWS
Di
THE
oUor.T,
USEI
TO
REFER
READILY
TO
ANY
PORTION
(AUHOR)
128
UNCLASSIFIED
/00330
UNCLAS
DOC
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
AD-461 445
!12
SYSTEM r,-VELOPMENy COOP
TIME-SAARING
VERSVS
rWPERIMENTAL
EVIDENCE,
rIED
SEARCi
SANTA
BATCH
CONvPOL
MONICA
"ROCESSIN;
NO,
/00330
CALIF
THE
(UL
OESC'I w IVE NOTEI
PROFESSIONAL PAPER,
OCT
67
43P
SACKMAN,H,
I
REPT,
NO,
SP-i973
UNCiASSIFIEO
REPORT
DESCRVlORSI
teTIpgE SHARING,
PERFORMANC[(ENG4NEgR4NG)), OATA
SYSTEMS,
PROCESSING
mAN-MACMINE
SYSTEMS, EFFICIENCY, COST
CFFCCTIVENESS, MOTIVATION, REVIEWS
IDENTIFIERSI
ON-LINE SYSTEMS, OFF-LINE SYSTEMS,
6ATCH PROCESSING,
VALUATIO(
THE
OF
CcNTINUjNG
TiIE-SH
CON';OVERSY
iING
VqRSUS
OVER
BATCH
THE
RELATIVE
PROCESSING
HAS
(J)
MERITS
TAKEM
A
NEW AND -IGNIFICANT TURN FROM PREODSCJPLINARY
SPECULATIN TO APPLIED SCIENTIFIC EXPERIMENTATION.
WITHIN THE LAST TWO YEARS, FIVE EXPERIMENTAL
STUDIES HAVE APPEREO IN THE LITERATUREt EACH
COMPARING
SCmE FORM OF ONLINE AND OFFLINE DATA
PROCESSING WITH RfSPECT TO MAN-MACHINE MEASURES OF
SYSTEM PERFORMANCt. THESE FIVE PIONEERING STUDIES
COMPRISE TE
FIh$l SUBSTANTIVE DATA BASE FOR
COMPARING AND EVA6UATING EXPERIMENTAL METHODOLOGY
FINDINGS BEARING *N THE GROWING AND CHANGING
COMPETITION
SYSTEMS,
BETWEIN
THIS
TIME-SHARING
AND
BATCH
ANC.
PROCESSING
PAP(R
PROVIIES A CRITICAL REVIEW OF
THESE FIVE EXPERIMENTS, SUMMARtZED FIND NGS, PROBLEMS
AND PITFALLS, AND OFFERS RECOMM!NDATONS FOR FUTURE
EXPERIMtNTAL WORK,
AUTHOR)
|U)
129
UNCLASSIFIED
10030
I;
"
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
AD-6&1
744
UNIV
CALIFORNIA
A
I/2
6/3
LOS
ANGELES
SRA N
RESEARCH
REvISED ED,,
DESCRIPTIVE NOTE:
BETYAR,LASILO
7P
FEB
67
OF
REVISION
IN
SUPPORTED
RESEARCH
66.
OF
COMMUNICATIONS
THE
19ib7.
NOTE!
SUPPLEMENTARY
IN
P.BLISHED
P413-
N?
VIO
ACM
I
REPORT
UNCLASSIFIED
AVAILABILITY
(U)
-05
PHS-Nb-02530
NONR-233(9i),
CONTRACT:
INST
SYS'EM,
ONLINE
TIME-SHARED
USER-ORIENTED
/ 0 OJ30
NO,
CONTROL
SEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY
REPORT
JUL
RECEIVED
MANUSCRIPT
GRANT
NAS',
SY
PART
NSGSS.
SYS
T
CONVERTERS,
ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL
DEVICES,
PqOGRAMMING
SYSTEMS,
DATA
LIST
IDENTIFIERS:
*BIOLOGY),
I IPUT-OUTPUT
MAN-MACNINE
LANGUAGES,
STORAGE
PROCESSiNG
DATA
COMPUTERS,
IOC4GITAL
EMS),
SHARING,
(*TIME
DESCRIPTOKS:
SYSTEMS
SYSTEMS,
ON-LINE
PROCESSING,
(L)
MULTIPROCESSING
AN
SYSTEM
EXISTING
DATA
PROCESSING
SYSTEM
WORKERS
UCLA
IS
REPRESENTS
THE
OF
POSSIBLE,
ACCUMULATION
S1GNIFICANT
DESIGN
BETWEEN
0
THE
COMPUTER.
WITH
IT
IS
BIOLOGIC
PROvIDE
RESEARCH
ABILITY
THE
WILL
uS!NG
BE
INATION
THAT,
THE
POSSIBLE
Of
TO
CIENTIST
AND
WITH
PRESENT
IN
INTERFACE
THE
THE
T
AL
THE
SYSTEM,
SYSTEM
PARAMETERS
CICITA.
(u)
(AUTHOR.
UNCLASSIr:ED
I
THE
DESCRIBED,
TO
ANTICI-ATED
EXPERIENCE
oETRM
BRAIN
THE
HIGHLY SOPHISTICATED DIGI
MOST DIRECT AND SIMPLE
WITH A
IN
THE
ADVANCES
THRnUGH
ATTEMPT
INSTITUTE
INTERACT DIRECTLY
COMPUTING C'MPLEX
FASHION
AT
AN
THE
t,} RITHIN
ADDITIO
PLANNED
CF
!NSTITUTE
RESEARCH
AND
LABORATORY
/0033C
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
AD-4MI
REPORT
6S
SYSTEM
CORP
VERSqS
EXPERIMENTAL
fVADCNCE,
DESCRIPTIVE
OCT
NO,
NOTE!
NO.
/00330
MCNICA
CALIF
PROCESSING:
THE
iU)
43P
67
SANTA
BATCH
DROFESSIONAL
PAPER,
SACKMANH.
I
SP-1975
UCLASSIF!EO
REPORT
DESCRIPTOSR1
(TInIN
S44RING,
PERFORMANCE(ENGINEIRING) ) , DATA
SYSTEMS,
CONTROL
912
OEVELOPm[N
TIME-SHARING
REPT,
SEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY
MAN-MACitmE
EFFECTIVENESS,
SYSTEMS,
MOTIVATION,
PROCESSING
EFFICIENCY,
COST
REVIEWS
IDENTIFIERS:
ON-LINE SYSTEMS,
5A7CH PROCESSING, gVALUATJON
lu)
OFF-LINE
]
SYSTEMS,
I
)
THE CONTINUING CO4TROVERSY 0VEK THE RELATIVE MZRITS
OF TI.E-SHARING VqRSUS BATCH PROCESSING HAS TAKEN A
NCO AND SIGNIFICAN' TURN FROM PREDISCIPLINAPY
SPECULATION TO APPLIED SCIENTIFIC EEPERIMENTATION,
WIT 'N THE LAST TWO YEARS, FIVE EXPERMIKENTAL
STUDIE-:
NAVE APPEARE , IN THE LITAATURE, EACH
COMFARING 3OME FORM OF ONLIN- AND OrFLINE DATA
PROCfSS:NG WITH RgSPECT TO MAN-MACHINE MEASURES OF
SfSTEM PERFORMANCj, THESE rIVE PIONEERING STUDIES
COMPRISE
COMPARING
FINDINGS
T'E
FIRSI
AND
BEARING
COMPETITION
SUBSTANTIVE
EVA6.'&
ON
BETWE(N
ING
THE
DATA
BASE
EXPERIMENTAL
GROWING
TIME-SHARINC
AND
AND
AND
PITFALLS,
AND
QOR9,
OFrERS
SATCH
RECOMMENDATIONS
(AUTHOR)
UNCLASSIFIED
AND
CHANGING
SYSTEMS, THIS PAP(R PROVIDES A CRITICAL
THESE FIVE EXPERIMENTS, SUMMARIZED Fi;NC
EXPERIMENTAL
FOR
METHODOLOGY
PROCESS!,.Q
REVIEW OF
IJGS, PROSILEMS
FCR
rUTURE
1U)
/00)O
/
I~^D PEPORT
CONYROL
SERr
BIBLIOGRAPHY
"0"J30
NO.
AN4SACHIT
CAL.IFORtNIA I)jNIV LOS ANGELES
SYSTEiM,
ONLINE
?Imt-SHAPED
A USER-ORIENTED
ED,,
REVISED
NOTE!
DESCIPTIVE
SETYAR.%-ASZLO
7P
67
FEB
9
0PHS-NB-0230I-05
1l
NO,4q-233(
CONTRACT:
QNCLASSIFIEZ~ REPORT
IN
AVAILAILTY: PUBLISHED
i967,
ACM VIO N7 '41
:SUPLEMENTARY
66, RfSEARCH
COMMIUNCAT, (NS
OF
Tor
)UL
REV 15ION OF HANUSCR IPT RECE'VE-)
NOTE:
GRANT
NASA,
BY
IN PART
SvPPORytJ
:; RIG
tSoIM
DESCRIPTORS:
(C.MOoWTER5
(*DIGITAL
SYSTE,'S),
ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVEMTERS,
DATA
PROGRAMMING .ANGU.AGES,
DATA STORAGE SYSTEMS
LIST PROCESSING.
IDENTIFIERS'.
DEVICES,
SYSTE:MS.
XX;c ISS;NG
J
N-'
MAN-MAC,4V1t.
)N-LINE
U
SYvSTEm'S,
l
MULTIPROCESSING
TH'E
w'l-l
SYSTEM AND PLANNED ADDiTIONS
OF 'THE BRAIN
DATA PROESSING LASCRATORY
IS cEsCRIMED, TO-F
UCLA
RESEARCH !NSTITQTE AT
PEcEARCTO PROv ID!
ATTEMO',
$.N
SySTEM REP~RESENTS
To
ABILITY
'HE
"IT~t
WORKER';OF THE INSTIT'S. PHJS1ICATED DIGITAL.
INTERACT DIRECTLY WITH~I
rOIRECI AND 5!mP"._E
IN THE MC 5 T
COPMPLFX
COMPUTV.NC
AN
EXIST,':G
FASHMION
PCSSIBLE,
it
IS
ANTIC IPATElu
RIE-NCr US!;ING T.IC
ACCUMULAT:ON OF E.X
ISE *SSiB=E
ADVANCES *'L.
SIGNIFICANT
ciF I N
!ON
T
IN4
DETERm
DES IGN THRO ;G4
AND
IEN'IS'
SC
8IOL.OG1C4L
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COMPLF1
(AUTHD0R
U NC L A 5S IV:D/
THAT
WIH
H
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FPtSFN
rCYST~
THE
IN
VRACE PAR AMETERS
THE
DIGITAL.
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SUNCL
DOC
AD-661
REPORT
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eO7
9/2
SEARCH CONTROL
CONIYCT!
PROjI
/00330
J/9
MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAN3RIDGE DEPT
ENSINEERING
USE OF C7SS IN A TEACHING ENVIRONMENTO
NOV
REP-P, NO,
NO.
0,4
3P
MAC-TR-Iq
IOOSOANIEL
OF
CIVIL
fUJ
I
NON-O4101(Ol
NR-O48-109,
UNCLASSI|IE
DESCRIPTORSI
RR-OO3-09-O
REPORT
D
(*TIDE
SHARING,
GTEACHING
MACHIN~q,
(*TEACHING METHODS; COMPUTERS),
RELIABILITY? REAL TIME, STUDENTI, MOTIVATION,
INPUT-OUTF
oEVICtS,
PROGRAMMING(COMPUTEPS)
(U)
IDENTIF:ERSI
MAC PRC4ECT, ON-LINE SYSTEMS,
&A'IH PROCESSING, COMPUTER-AIDED INSTRUCTION,
COMPATIBLE TIME-SHJRING SYSfEM
(U)
COMPUTER TIME-SHARING CFFERS MANY INTERESTING
POSSIIL!TIES FOR UiE IN TEACHING COhPUTER
TECHNOLOGY. IT MIGHT BE EXPECTED THAT WITH PR3PER
HARDWARE AND FOFTOARE, STUDENTS USING TIME-SMARING
A
TEACHING
MACHINE
COLD
ACQUIRE
PROFICIENCY
IN
AS
),,E
FUNDAMENTALS CF PROGPAMMIN6 MORE EASILY THAN USING
BATCH-PIGCESSING, TC TEST THIS HYPOTHESIS, THE
MI,T, DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
DIVIDED A FRESHMAN PROGRAMMING CL ASS, SO THAT HALF
THE STUDENTS USED BATCH-PROCrSSING METHODS, AND HALF
USED THE PROJECT VAC TIME-SHARING 'IYSYCM TO DO
THE SAME WORK, THE PAPER DESCRIBES THE EXPERIMENT
A'O
ITS
TENTATIVE
RESULTS,
(AU7HOR)
iU)
131
UNCLASSIFIED
/00330
I-
3
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UNCLASSIFIED
*MEPOAT B!BLIC'RAP'4Y
C
MASSACKSE"TS !NST 0F TEC
A LOW-COST OUTPV? TERMINAL
ECMPUTERS, NO(U)C~1ALRP,
DECRIPTIER
MiAR
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NO,
/00330
I/
0?7
AD'-&ba
SEARCH
67
FOR
!IME-SHARCD
EP
POSENSERGIRONALD
lw ;PNREY,ROGER At
NOELTENICL
3!P
KENNEDYDANIEL
CAMSRIDG
W,
C,I
MAC-TR-38
REPT, NO,
NONR-410aioH"
CONTRACT:
NR-O4iG-IS'
PRoj
u~C,-ASSIFIED
REPORT
(OTIME SHARING, INPUT-OUTPUT
DEScRIPTORS!
DEVICES), i*REMOTE CONTROL Sve'EMSj TIKE
SHARIN& , DIGITAL COMPUTERS, PkEAL TIME,
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS, ANALO.A SYSTEMS, DISPLAY
SYSTEMS, DATA STORAGE SYSTEMS, WIRING
DI AGRAMS(U
IDENT~!ERSI
ON-LINE
SYSTEMS
(U)
TERMINAL WHICH PROVIDES Ou'P:JT IN
FROM A TIME-SHARED DIGITAL COMPUTER IS
DESCRIBE'l. THE TERMINAL CONSISTS OF A MODIFIED
MOOEL 33 KSR TELETYPE AND A LOCAL, MEMORY UNIT,
THE UNIT IS INDEPENDENT 0F THE PARTICULAR COMPUTER,
AND IS EASY TO TEST AND MAINTAIN, THE STATES OF
A
COST
LOW
SWfTCH
REMOTE
FCRM
CONTROL AND MEMORY WORDS ARE OBSERVABLE
INDICATOR LIGHTS, AN APPLICATION OF
By
LY
DtRCC
THE MEMORY TO THE AQ~TOMAYIC SET-UP AND CONTROL OF AN
ANALOG COMPUTATION ARE DISPLAYED ON AN OSCILLOSCOPE1
THIS MAKES POSSIBLE, FOR EXAMPLE, THE RAPID DI~eLAY
OF TIME RESPONSE Of LINEAR SYSTEMS, UNDER DIGITAL
THE
MEMORY
T
PROGRAM
CONTROL,
(j
(AUTHOR)
13 2
UNCL ASSIFI1ED
/00330
/
UNCLASSIFIED0
SDC
AD-*6a
REPORT
91BLIOCRAPHY
az.5
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO.
/00330
9,?
MiSSACHUSETTS iNST wr TECH CAMBRIDGE
INCREMENTAL SIMULATION ON A TIME-SHARED
(U)
COMPUTER.
QCTORAL THESIS,
"OTZI
ONES, ,M
67
353P
DESCRIPTIVE
,
REPT, NO,
MAC- W-44
(O )
NONR-4|O1
CONTRACT:
MR-040-iBY, RR-003-09-O1
PROJ:
UNCLASS!FlE
DESCflIPTORS:
O
REPORT
10TIME
SHARING. COMPUTERS),
PROG'AMMING
COMPUTERS),
!*SIMULATION,
LANOUAGES, REAL TTNE,
ON-L!NE
IDENTIFIERS!
THE THESIS DESCRI$ES
SIMULATION MODELS TO
IT IS
INCREMENTALLY6
(U)
(U)
THESEs, DISPLAY SYSTEMS
SYSTEMS, LIST PROCESSING
ALLOWS
A SYSTEM
H!IC
BE 5 ).T AND YESTED
CALLED OPS-N AND IS
SPECIFICALLY DESIGNED TO OPERATE IN THE ENVIRONMENT
REPRESENTS A MAJOR
OF THE MULTICS SY$TEM, 1
EXPANSION AND IMP VvEMENT OF THE OPS-3 SYSTEM
IMPLEMENTED IN CTJ3 AN5 ALSO INCLUDES MANY FEATURES
ADAPTED FROM OTHER CURRENT SIMULATION SYSTEMS, THE
LANGUAGE, AU$MENTED AY MANY ADDITIONAL
PL/
STATEMENTS
AND
NEW
DA7A
OBJECTS,
PROVIDES
THE
BASIS
FOR DE-INING MODE4S '": ' OS- , A !.1ST OF
DESIRABLE FEATURES FOR AN INCREMENTAL SIMULATION
SYSTEM IS PRESENTED AND IT IS SHOWN HOW OPS-4
INCORPORATES THESE FEATURES, WHEREAS OTHER CUIREtiT
SIMULATION SYSTEMS SATISFY ONLY SOME OF THEM AND ARE
A
NOT SUITA3LE FOR VSE IN TIME-SHARED ENVIRONMENT
MODEL 9F PAGE AND SEGMENT FAULT HANDLING
IN MULTICS ILLUSTRATES SOME OF THE FEATURES OPS-4
PROVlDE, TO ALLOW THE USER TO CONTINUOUSLY INTERACT
WITH A MODEL DURING ITS CONSTRUCTION, TESTING AND
RUNN!Ni PHASES, IT ALSO ILLUSTRATES HOW THE USER
HIMSELF MAY PORTRAY PORTIONS Of A MODEL THAT ARE NOT
(U)
YET DEFINED, (AUTHORI
SIMPLIFIED
133
UNCLASSIFIED
/00330
UNCLASSr!ED
DOC
REPORT
BIOLIOGRAPNY
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
/00330
AD-6 6
373
9/
JS/0
SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF
T!ME-SHARING AND SELF-TUTORING: AN EXPLORATORY
HISTORY AND AN EXPERIMENTAL CRITIOUE,
DESCRIPTIVE
REPT,
NOV
No,
NOTE:
PROFESSICNAL
67
3P
SP-3000
UNCLASS
CASE
(U)
PAPER,
SACKMANHAROLD
rIED
REPORT
DESCRIPTORS:
(VT3ME
PERrOR4ANCEEHUMAN;),
SHARING,
ERRORS, ErrECTIVENESSO
BEHAVIOR, LEA"NING, FROCRAMHING LANGUAGES,
PROGRAMMING(COMPUTERS1, MAN-MACHINE SYSTEMS,
TELETYPE SYSTZMS
IDENTIFIERS!
LANG ,;GE,
THE
COMPUTER
ON-LINE
STUDY
IS
INDIVIDUAL
LANGUAGE,
(U)
COMPUTER
SYSTEMS
CONCERNED
USER
TINT
(U)
AITw
THE
EFFECTIVENESS
OF
PERFORMANCE
FOR AN EXTENDED SELFTUTORING TASK IN A TIME-SHARED rAtlIlfITY, 7HI'
INVESTIGATION !S AN EXPERIMENTAL CASE HISTORY OF ONE
INDIVIDUAL (THE AUTHOR) FOLLOWING THE TINT
SELF-TUTORING USER MANUAL FROM BEGINNING TO
THE SDC 0-32 TIME-SHARING SYS!EM AT A
TELE T YPE CONSOLE, (TINT IS A VSER-ORIENTED
DIALECT
ADAPTED
OF
TO
END
IN
JOVIAL, AND INTERPRETIVF
LANG%;AGE
TIME-SHARING WITH MANY SELF TEACHING
FEATURES,) THE
MEASUREMENT OF
METHODOLO~v EMPHASiZED EXPERIMENTAL
NATURAL USER BEHAVIOR IN WHICH THE
USER SERVED AS HIS OWN CONTROL IN SUCCESSIVE CONSOLE
SESSIONS, THE EXPERIMENTAL SAMPLE INCLUDED 1,861
USER INPUT COMMANDS WITH 930 ERRONEOUS COMMANDS,
COLLECTED OVER 10 HOURS iAT THE TELETYPE TERm!NAL,
THE QUANTITATIVE RESULTS REVEALED SOME EVIDENCE FOR
SYSTEMATIC LEARNING AND REINFORCEMFNT EFFECTSI THERE
WERE PROGRESSIVE TENDENCIES TOWARD HIGHER
PRODUCTIVITY AND LOWER ERRON RATES WITH INCREASING
TINT EXPERIENCE, THE QUALITATIVE FIND NGS
REVEALED THAT THE NUMEROUS AND DIVERSIFIED LXERCISES
FACILITATED
VARIED
FAMIl..IARITY
SERVICES
OF
THE
WITH
TINT
CONCLUDES WITH A CRITIQUE OF
INVOLVEMENT BETWEEN THE USER,
SELF-TuTORING
4 AUTHOR)
AIDS
FROM
AN
THE
ELEMENTS
SYSTEH,
THE
MORE GENIINE
HE C ENTRAL
EXPERIMENTAL
AND
THE
PAPER
INTERACTIvE
SYSTEM, AND
VIEWPOINT,
(U)
4I0
UNCLASIFIED
/00330
/
DOC
AD-466
U NCLASSIF IED
REPORT
730
'IS.IOGRAPNY
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO.
/0330
9/j
CARNEGIC INST Or
IMt
SNARING, PART? ONE,PIuTTSURON PA
THE VUNDAMyiyAL
SMAR N , PART TWO,
S Or TjME
4N tVALUATION Or
COMMERCIA6 yTl
SHARING COMPUTERS,
PART TH*Ett OPERATIONA
.iANAGEMENT or TIME
SHARING SYSTZE S
DESCRIPYVyE NOTE:
PAIA PROCESSING NONOGRAPH
S
E
47
1Jop
T
40L,
M, IS EADRYgAo
OON
O.Oi
Ca ILXNDE.RICHA9O
R,
CHANEYPAVL E, I
CCNTRACI,
NON*-?4O 1 , N
So-144
T
UNCLASSIFE|D REPORT
SUPPLE4ENARY NOTE:
RESEARCH SUPPORTED
IN PART BY AIR
FORCK SYSTES COMMAND,
ORCPARED IN COOPERATION
A!T
WITN
AND SvSyem DEVELOpMENT
CORPORATION,
DESCRIPTORS;
IOTIME SHARING
SIATE-OFTHr-ART
REVIEWS)
DATA STOG"
Sy$VEMS,
DEVICCSj PROGRAMING(COMPUTERSt. INPUT-OUTPUT
REMOTE
CONTROL SYSTEMs,
DIGITAL COHPuTuiS,
REAL Tf"E,
OPIRATION, SCNEDULzNGO
ECONOMICS, MANAG[MEN?
PLANNING, CORRELATION
TECHNIQUES, MULTIp
OPERATION
IDENTIFIERSt
ON-LINE
PRIVACY(COMPUTERS,
SYSTEMS,
BATCH PROCESSING,
(u)
CONTENTst THE FUNMAMENTALS
O
TIM( SAIG
EVALUATION OF COMMERCIAL
AN
TIME SHARING COmPUTERS;
OPERATIONAL MANAGCMENT
Or TIME SHARING SYIT7Mj
j
iU
135
UNCLASSIFIED
tOJ3JO
..........
p ..
. .
UNCLASS
COC
RORT
I5BLIOGRAPPMY
*D-667 6JI9/
CALIFOANIA
A
FACI1.I'f
UNIV
FJN
IIED
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
100330
BERKELEY
EXPERIMENTATION
IN
MAN-MACHiNE
I NTERPKY ;yCP t~
JAN
REPT,
flP
6t
,N3.LA$
DESCRIPTORS:
,
FED
I
REPORT
(*DATA
(4IME
(OROGRA4
OPERATJON ,
SYSTEMS,
W.
-'3
NO,
SMARJNC;
LICHTENBERGERW,
PROCESSING
SHARING,
SYSTEMS,
DIGITAL
GfOMPUTERS), MULTIPLE
MAN-MACHINE SYSTEMS, REMOTE
DATA
SYORAGE
SYSTEMS,
IDENTIFIFRS:
QN-0INE
MOUL? I PRO~RA~MM IN G
SYSTEMS,
TIME
COMPUTERS),
TELFTYPE
CONTROL
SYSTEMS
(U)
(U
THE TIMES#ARING SYSTEM INVOLVING MEMORY
RELABELINC, COMMON ROUTINES, AND DUPLEX TELETYPE
OPERATION HAS NEEN IN OPERATION SINCE APRIL, 1I&,S
THE SYSTEM IS NIGHLY FLEXIBLE AND CAN PROVIDE A
RES02NSE ItmE
RELABEL.JN
49
TI'E,
THE
OF LESS THAN
ACCOMPLISHED
ONE SECOND, MEMORY
WITH NO INCREASE IN
NVJbER OF PROCESSOR
MODES
IS
ACCESS
SMALL
AND moDE TRANSITIONS ARE DONE IN 5jCH A
Yo CRADLE INTERRUPT AND USER-CALLED SYSTEM
ROQTlNE3 TO
t INDEPENDENT O F MODE, THE USER
-i
H1NF IS CLEAN AND WELL DEFINED, INPUT/OLITPUT IS
SIMPLER, M0 ZOOLPROOF, AND DEVICE-INDEPENDENT,
(TWO),
WAY AS
THE USER 11 OIVTN A VARIETY OF OTHER SERVICES
MANOING FROM4 GENERALIZED FILE-HANDLING CAPABILITY
STRING PROCESSING TO ASSEMBLERS, COMPLIERS,
DEBUCGERS, AND EDITORS. (AUTHOR)
TO
fUl
136
UNCLASSFr IED
/0033)
GRAPHICS
UNCLASSIFIED
DDC
AD-62S
EPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
101
IV2
SEARCH
NOTE:
NO,
/00331
/0
ADAMS (CHARLES *1 ASSOCIATES
RESEARCH ON ADVANCED DYNAMIC
TECHNIOUES,
DESCRIPTIVE
CONTROL
rZNAL
REPT,
INC CA" RIOGE MASS
ATTRIR TE EYTRAt vION
(U)
APR
6a-MAY
6S,
JUL
&J
54P
GREATOREXIPRANK S
GILMOREjOHN T, ,JR,
,JR,ICHASEEDWARD N.
I
CONTRACT?
AF'9(4a28)-43
PROjs
AF-SA32
TASK:
S&3201
MONjTOR:
AFCRL
,
UNCLASSIFIEC
SUPPLEMENTARY
4$-736
REPORT
NOTEi
DESCRIPTORS:
(*DISPLAY SYSTEMS, COLORS),
(*MANMACHINE SYSTEMS, SPECIAL PURPOSE COMPUTERS),
RAPHICS, COMPUTER STORAGE DEVICES, CARDIOGRAPHY,
ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTERS, EARTH MODELS,
PROGRAMMING(COMPUT(RS), REAL TIME
IDENTIFIERSI
FLOAtING-POINT OPERATION, POP-
(U)
COMPUTER, rLIiT COMPUTER PROGRAi, ON-LINE SYSTEMS,
LIGHT PENSCOMPUTER WORDS, FILE STRUCTURES,
DIGIGRAPHIC OISPLAYSYSTEMS
TWO MAIN
FIRST IS
AMEAS OF EFrOR T
THE DEVELOPMENT
ARE
OF A
SCRIBED, THE
COLOR DISPLAY
(U)
SYSTEM
WHICH ALLOWS FOR
DATA STORE
IN A
THE DEFINITION AND MODIFICATION OF
LIST STRUCTURE, THE SECONO AREA
IS THE DEVELOPMENT OF A mAN-GRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
SYSTEM WHICH UTILIZES A BUFFFRED DISPLAY SCOPE,
LIGHT PEN AND PUSW-OTTOM PANEL TO PROVIDE THE
CONSOLE
ViER WITH THE OASIC ARILITY TO DRAW CHARTS,
DIAGRAMS, CURVES, ETC,, ON THE FACE OF THE DISPLAY
SCOPE, THE DRAWINGS MAY CONTAIN GRAPHIC AND
ALPHANUMERIC INFO#MATION, WHICH IS REDUCED TO A
CONDfNSED DIGITAL FORMAT CALLED AN ENTITY TABLE,
THE TABL,E CAN BE *PERATED ON QY SPECIAL.PURPOSE
SOFTPARE OPERATORS EITHER DURING THE DRAWING ACTION
OR AFTER THE DRAWING IS COMPLETED,
(AUTHOR)
iU)
1337
UNCLASSIFIED
L_
/00331
/
-
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
AO6.26
A0-426
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
SEARCH
CONTROL
KO.
/00331
sea
seaqi
LINCOLN LAB MASS !NST OF TECH LEXINGTON
GRAPHICAL COMMUNICATION AND CONTROL LANGjAGES,
61
7P
ROBERTSL, G, 1
REPT, NO,
CONTRACT:
MONITOR:
(U)
MS-1173
AF 19(128-5167
ESO
TDR-63-600
UNCLASSIFIED REPORT
AVAILABILITY: PUBLISHED IN
SCIENCES P211-7 NO, COP![S
SUPPLEMENTARY
NOTEI
DESCRIPTORS:
INFORMATION SYSTEM
TO DOC USERS ONLY,
SUPPORTED
(*GRAPHICS,
sY
DATA
Uo
S,
AIR
FORCE.
PROCESSING
SYSTEMS), (ePROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, GRAPHICS),
COMPUTERS. COMPUTER STORAGE DEV'CES, COMPUTER
LOGIC. PROBLEM SOLVING, CONTROL SYSTEMS,
DISPLAY SySTEMS
IDENTIFIERS:
LIST PROCESSING, ON-LINE SYSTEMS,
TXCOMPUTERS,
SKETCHPAD,
CORAL
CONSOLES
LANGUAoCCOMeUTER
SYSTEM
(U)
AND
(U)
THE FUTURE FAR COMPUTER PROCESSING OF GRAPHICS IS
ALLEGED TO BE MANIPULAT:ON ^
DATA FILES AND PROGRAMS
EXTERNAL TO THE GRAPHICAL PACKAGE, PICTURES ARE
REGARDED AS ABSTRACTIONS THAT ARE USED AS LA8ELS FOR
V-TERNAL ENTITIES SO THAT IT IS POSSIBLE TO CREATE
&;4TERCONNECT,
AND
REARRANGE
THE
ENTITIES
WITH
A
2-
OIMENSIONAL
LANGUAGE RATHER THAN THE NORMAL IDIMENSIONAL TEXT STREAM, THE CORAL iCLASSORIENTED RING ASSOCIATION LANGUAGE) LIST
STRUCTURE SYSTEM FOR GRAPHICAL AND OTHER PROBLEMS IS
DESCRIBED, THE LIST STF-CTURE CONCEPTS ARE SIMILAR
TO THESE USED TO IMPLEMENT SKETCH PAD ON THE Tx-i
COMPUTER. BUT
COMPLETE LIST
STORAGE SPACE I5
STRUCTURE SYSTEM
REDUCEC AND A MORE
AND LANGUAGE IS
GENERATED. T E CORAL LIST TIES ARE FORMED AS
RINGS, EACH ELEMENT IN THE RING REQUIRING ONE ]*-BIT
WoC; AND CONTAINING A 17-BIT POINTER TO THE NEXT
LLtMENT. $LOCKS "- ELEMENTS ARE USED THAT COLIE
MAY
TIES
TOGET"ER
ASSOCIATIONS
THIS
PAPER
ALSO
STRUCTURES,
GRaPHICAL
AND
REOU'RED
ALLOW
FOR
DISCUSS5
ON-LINE
AND
MULTI-DIMENSIONAL
STORAGEI
PROBLEM
TECANIOUES,
YHE
COAPHICAL
SOLVING
DISPLAY
UNCLASSIFIED
I/
DATA
STRUCTJRES,
CLASS
BY
USE
CONSOLES,
OP
(U)
/003]1
-
UNCLASS I
DOC
REPORT
OD
SEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY
NO,
CONTROL
/00331
AD-639
734
q/
LINCOLN LAB MASI INST Of TECH LEXINGTON
COMPUTER
ON-LINE GRAPHICAL SPECIFICATION O
PROCEDURES,
DESCRIPTIVE NO T E:
TECHNICAL REPT.
36P
SUTHERLANDW.
MAY
66
TR-40S,
REPT, NO.
(U)
R,
CONTRACT?
AF I9(62f)-$5 67,
Ro.
AF-449L,
ESo
Tf-66-211
MON:TOR:
UNCLASSIFIED
SUPPLEMENTARY
REPORT
NOTE:
(*GRAPHICS,
DESCRIPTORS!
*PROGRAMMING(COMPUTERS)).
AUTOMATIC
ON-LINE
IDENTIFIERS:
PROMISING
AREA
OF
D'CjMENTYTION,
(U)
fU)
SYSTEMS
APPLICATION
FOR RECENTLY
DEVELOPED COMPUTE$ GRAPHICS TECHNIQUES !S COMPUTER
PROGRAMMING, TWO IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS IN USING
AN INTERACTIVE CRAPHICS SYSTEM FOR DRAWING PROGRAM,
ARE (I) THE FORM OF A PICTORIAL PROGRAMMING
NOTATION AND (?) METHODS FOR MAKING A COMPUTER
EXECUTL THE PROGRAM ONCE DRAWN, THESF TOPICS ARE
DISCUSSED IN THE CONTEXT OF AN EXPERIMENAL GRAPHICAL
PROGRAMMING SYSTEM RUNNING ON THE LINCOLN
LABORATORY TX-1 COf-PUTER. 'HIS SYSTEM USES A
&LOCK NOTATION FOR PROGRAMS AND CAN EXECUTE THE DRAON
PROGRAM WITH AN INTERPRETER. !MPROVEo
GRAPHICAL
IN!UT LANGUAGES FOR ORAOING PROGRAMS AND PROGRAM
NOTATIONS WHICN COMBINE APPROPRIATE FEATURES OF
PICTORIAL AND WRITTEN LAN-,AGES ARE NEEDED BEFORE
APPLICAT!,%NS IN TWIS AREA AAE PRACTICAL. T :r
BENEFITS
To
PROGRAMMING
BE
EXPCTE
INCLUDE
2) DE u GGING
EXPRESSION OF
!J)
FROM
A GRAPH I CAL
AUTOMATIC
ASSISTANCE, AND (3)
PARALLEL PROCESSES.
iNCLASSlrFIEn
APPROACM
TO
DOCUMENTATION,
NATUR(L
(AUTHOR)
(U)
/COj
UNC,.ASSIrIED
DDC
Azi-b'45
RAND
REPORT
463
CORP
BIBLIOGRAPHY
SANTA
THE APPLICATION
PROGRAMMING AND
3/S
MONICA
SEAR
CQNTROL
9/ ,22
CALIF
NO,
/00331
1
OF ON-LINE GRAPk4ICAL TECHNIQUES
OPERATING A 'MOVING NETWORK'
rOR
*"3NITORING DISPLAYJAN
REPT,
67
NO,
CMIES
f5P
ER,L,
CONTRACTI
'44ZO-,7-C-OO45
UNCLASSI7!!D
SIMULATION,
REPORT
feCOMPuTER PROGRAMS, CMECKOUT
( *CH CKOUT PROCEDURES, *SPACECRAFT),
DESCOIPTORSI
PROCEDtRES )o
REAL
TIME,
GRAPHICS,
CHECXOUT
EQUIPMENT, MAN-MACHMIN! SYSTrmS
IDENTIFIERS:
IBM 7OO/w4 , CN- LI'E
THE
I TURN . ,
RM-SI3-PR
REPORT
PROCEDURES
DESCRIBES
OF
THE
SYSTEMS
STRUCTURE
EXPERIMENTAL
AND
COMF'JTER
IU
OPERATING
PROGRAMS
SIMULATE A REAL-TIME MOvIN' NrT*ORK DISPLAY
SPACECRAFT CHECKOUT OPERATIONS, PROPOSED IN
4678-NASA (N5-5JS371 ) FOR USE BY THE HUMAN
MONITOR Or AN AUTOMATED PRELAUNCw CHECKOUT,
SYSTEM
DYNAMICALLY
SHOWS,
IN
NETWORK
SLCCESSIVE AND CONCURRENT STAGES O
PROCESS. THE PROGRAMS WERE WRITTEN
IBM
RAND
TUBE
- 4O/7O,
GRAPHIC
DISPLAY
A
IN
FORM,
USED
TO
Or
RMTHE
rHE
COMPLEX
MAP FOR
THE
COMPUTER SYSTEM TO BE USED WITM THE
INPUT TABLET AND A CATmOpE RAV
SCREEN,
H(
TABLET 1S _SD FO
ON-
CONSTRUCT!ON CF THE INI
,INE
OPERATION 0
THE SIULAT ION
PROGRAM LISTING IS AVAILABLE
IAL NT*CK
ROGAA4S, (A
ON RE0uEST,i
AND FOR
COMPLETE
iAUTHOR
£.NC~A
SI7IiO
0033
U NCLASSIFIED
AD-6
ZIT
CONTROL
SEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY
REPORT
DOC
INST
-OMPUTER
ILL
CHICAGO
PROGRAMMINC
CONVE SATIONAL
ORIENTAlI ON
1 1TRI-Tt-
NONR-3]9
CON7RACT
RR-003~-9-0
PROJ:
UNCLASS;PIED
OESCRIPInRS:
@GRAPNICS),
(o
DIV
SCIENCES
OITM
SYST[
A
(u)
TECHNICAL NOTE,
DESCRIPTIvE NOTYE
CAMERON,SCOTT
soP
64
:EP
I
L2VI GHT,MIC4AEL
EWING,DUNCAN
NO,
/00331
91
87
RESEARC j
OIALOG: A
GRAPHICAL
REPT,
NO,
I
N,
109
(00
REPOR"
JOPROGRAMMING LANG AGES,
AN-sACMINE SYSTEMS, COMPILERS )
OPERAYION. ALGESRA, INPy,-OTPQT DEVICES,
PROGRAMMING(COMP TERS )
DIALOC, ON-L INE SYSTEMS
IDENTIFIERS:
'U)
(Up
IS AN ALGE:RAIC LANGUAGE FOR ',N-L.NE USE
GRAPMICAL INPUT-ouTPUT CONSOL( OEVICE, IT
WHICH
IS A COMPUTATIONAI. Al' FOR T"E CASUAL .:SER,
PROVIDES BASIL OACILIIES FOR G'APHiCAL AND NMERC!(
DIALOG
WITH A
INPUT AND DISPLAY, ON AND OFF-L:NE PROGRAM
PREPARATION AND STORAGE, AND NARD COPY PRESENTATION
OF RESJL.TS, USE OF THE SYSTEM REGyIREc A MINIMUM OF
EXPERIENCE COR INSTRUCTION, SINCE THE GROWTM OF
nIERLAYING SYSTEM CONTROL LANGUAGE -AS BEEN
PREVE! 7E , AND -04Rt R.*E NO PROCESSOR-ORIENTED
STATEMENTS, LIKE VARIASLE 'YPE OR O!MENS:ON
DECLARATIONS,
YHF
ON
TN
WHICH
IN
PROCESSOR
MOREOvER,
T
IN
I.(EA.C S
THE
*ITH
ON-LINE
THE
AN
SITUATION,
GRAPHICAL
KEYBOARD
SASIS So AS TO RESTRICT
CmARACTER
BY
1A CNARACTER
T
kYSOS.S TO THOSE
OF INPU
CNOiCE
PROGRAKMER'
ARE
DAILY
SINCE
0i ALOG HAS GLEN
CORREC-,
SYNTAC TICALLY
AR
TES
11tWATIOR
T,
R
EARC
INSTIfUTE
FEBRUARY,
1766,
(AvTmORi
1NAS'i
ED
/40331
i
UNCLASSIrED
Dt)C
RE
,
LoCKHEED
IELICGG
A
H
AND
mISSILES
SEARCH
I
VOLUM
II.
REPT,
K,
AF
A7-
TASo.I
13700t
41
1
3](4131-3:31
TR-66-I-6-VCL-i
AF7DL
REFOAT
COMPLYERS),
(*GRAPHICS,
CAT''ODE
SEAMS(STRUCTURALI,
ANALYSIS,
141,
AD-445
PROPERTIES,
(eSTRUCTURAL
DEcRIPTORS:
DYNAMICS),
ALSO
SEE
SUP LEMENTAy NOTEI
TOOL
(S,
64,
JUL-NOV
;
UNCLASSIFIED
THE
ANALYSIS,
11i70
SROij.
TUBE
LOCKhEED
LMSC-L-30'-46
NO,
rONTRACT:
MONITOR:
/CO331
CALIF
DYNAMIC
FO3ERaK,
4ap
7
APR
FERR;RAS,
ALTO
NO,
,
REMT,.
FINAL
NOTEI
PALO
SVRVCTURAL
C RAP
OMOUTER
DESCRIPTIVE
Co
SPACE
PALO ALTO *ESEARCH LAS
DEVELOPMENT OF IMPROVZD
CONTkO
MAY
(Ul
SCREtNS
1S
OORK
GOAPHICS)
(COMPUTER
APPLICATION
THAN
RATHER
RESPONSE
DYNAMIC
NEW
A
Of
T4E
, THE
TECHNIO
OF A NONUNIFORM
ANALYTICAL
NEW
A
DEVELOPMENT OF
PROBLEM OF YHE
THE
WITH
'NED
CON(
SEAM
TECHNICUES
CURRENT4Y STANDARD
REPRESENTAI-ON O
TM
NAS TREATED USING THE
OF LlJMPEO MASS-SPRING
T
Y
INPUT AND OU-PUT CAPABILI
4RAPHIC
TO STANDARD UIGITAL COMPUTER PROGRAMS
A
S-Rk:C-UR,
WAS ATTACHED
THAT
TUBE
THE
ENGINEER
MAKE
FOR
AND
CHANGES,
THE
FORCED
FUNCTIONS,
PRESENT
THE
TECHNIQUE
IMMEDIATE
FROM
THE
DIGITAL
THE
RERUN
COMPUTE
IF
THE
0
HE
DESIRED,
BEtM.
INPUT
HE
IF
CAN
FORCED
SO
RAY
CATHODE
THESE
PROGRAM
THE
1
INIAL
PROBLEM,
RESPONJSE
FORCING
THE
TO
RETURN
CAN
OF
SEHAVIOR
MODAL
THE
COMPUTE
THEN
FACE
MOD!FY
PARAMETERS,
INPUT
THE
AND
THE
ON
VESPLAY
CAN
ONE
SO
DATA,
DESIRES,
INPUT
HIS
RESPONSE,
AND
ANIMATED DISPLAY. THIS
FOR COMMUNICATI*;G WITH THE COMPUTER G1VyS
INTERPRETATION or THE RESQLTS
IEDV*CTION AND
RESULTS
FORCED
pJRM
IN
AN
RESPONSE
REQUIRES
A
TASK
WHICH
OR
EVEN
DAYS,
PROGRAM,
MANY
HOURS
IN
THE
tU)
(AUTHOR)
14?
UNCLASSIIED
/00331
UNCLASIrED
DOC
AD-4$3
RPOPT
8IBLIOGRAPHY
191
o/A
MASSACHQJSETTS
GRAPHICS,
DESCRIPTIVE
DE(C
AF
ESO
l/1
OF
TECW
CONTROL
NO,
/00331
S/6
LEXINGTON
LINCOLN
LAB
fL)
NO!EI
46-31 MAY
MAY
t
CONTRACT:
MONITOR:
INST
SEARCm
SEMIANNUAL
67,
ap
TECHNICAL
RAFrELtjACK
~~)-I~
ARPA
,
SuMMARY
PET,,
I
1
ORDER-691~
TR-67-R73
UNCLASSIFIED
REPORT
OESCRIPTORS;
,*TIME SHARING,
*GRAPHICS),
SYSTEMS, COMPUTER PROGRAMS),
DISPLAY SYSTEMS, P9OGRAMMING(COMPUTERS),
COMPILERS, SCANNING, INPUT-OUTPUT DEVICES,
CONTROL SEQUENCES, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
40MAN-MACHINE
IU)
TOE
CBJECTIVE THE GRAPHICS PROGRAm AT LINCOLN
LAovRATORY IS THE DEVELOIMENT OF COmPuTER HARDWARE
AND PROGRAMS WH!C4 WILL ENABLE USERS TO WORK ON-LINE
IN AN INTERACTIVE MODE EMPLOYING GRAPHICAL TECHNIQUES
FOR THE INPUT, MANIPULATION AND REPhESENTATION OF
GRAPHICAL DATA, THE WORK INCLUDES
HmE
INVESTIGATION OF PROOLEMS RELATED
O USING A TIMESHARED COMPUTER, $UCH AS Tx-2, FOR GRAPHICS, AND
7HE DESIGN OF GENERAL-OURPOSE SYSTEM PROGRAMS TO
PROVIDE GRAPHICS CAPABILITY FOR A VARIETY OF
SCI NTIFIC, MILITARY AND CONTROL PROBLEMS, DURING
T E LAST REPORTING PERIOD, THE FOLLOWING HAS BEEN
ACCOMPLISHED% A GENERAL-PQRPOSE FRON-TEND SYSTEM
HAS BEEN DESIGNED BASED ON THE VITAL SYSTEM,
VITAL !TSELF
HAS SEEN EXPANDED TO ALLO* A rOMPILER
TO CONTROL THE SCANNING OF A SOURCE PROGRAM AND
OUTPUTTING OF MESSAGES, AN ALGOLLIKE LANGUAGE,
LA8GOL, HAS BEEN IMPLEMENTEDI WIT 4 THE ADOIION OF
MEANS FOR BUILDING AND MANIPULATIN- A STORE OF
EXPLICIT RELATIONS BETWEEN UBjECTS AND THEIR
ATTRIBUTES, A NEW LANGUAGE, LEAP, HAS ALSO BEEN
SPECIFIED, THE NEW HYBRID COi IC GENERATOR HAS BEEN
OPERATED SUCCESSFULLY ON-LINE,
v)
14 3
UNCLASSIFIED
.03
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
AD-638
REPORT
3111
DESCRIPTIVE
AUG
No,
CONTRACTI
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
/0033
1
912
CkLIFORNIA
THE DESIGN
REPT,
BIBLIOGRAP'H
UNIV LOS ANGELES DEP
OF A GRAPHIC DISPLAY
NOTE:
MASTER'S
47
pasP
*7-J&
OF ENGINEERING
SYSTEM,
uNCLASSIFIED
(U)
THESIS,
COGGAN,BARRY
NONR-233(32),
DESCRIPTORS:
T
S,
SO-I84
REPORT
(.DISPLAY SYSTEMS,
GRAPHICS?,
c, INPUT-OUTPUT DEVICES, DIGITAL COMPUTERS),
7,POLOGY, SUBROUTINES, COMPILERS,
PROGRAMMING(COMPUTERS), FLOW CHARTING,
THESES
IDENTIFIERS:
ON-LINE SYSTEMS, LIGHT PENS,
(U)
MULTIPROCESSING
(U)
THC STUoY DESCRIBES THE BASIC SPECIFICATIONS FOR
GRAPHIC DISPLAY SYSTEM THAT IS DESIGNED TO
HANDLE TWO AREAS OF APPLICATIONI
(1) USE AS
A SPECIAL-PURPOSE E!VICE FOR JHE CONTROL OF AN
INSTRUMENTATION SYSTEM, AND OBSERVATION, (2)
A
USE AS A GENERAL PURPOSE DISPLAY DEVICE T4AT IS
CAPABLE OF DEFINING REASONABLY COMPLEx SYRUCTURES
WHICk WILL BE USEFUL TO A BROAD FIELD OF APPLICATION
PROGRAMS. EXISTING SYSTEMS ARE FIRST SURVEYED, TmE
BASIC CONCEPTS OF ENGINEERING GRAPHICS ARE STUDIED,
AND SPECIFIC INSTRUMENTATION DISPLAY REQUIREMENTS
ARE DISCUSSED, FINALLY, THIS INFORMATION IS USED
To DERIVE THE BASIC SPECIFICATION FOR A VISUAL
INFORMATION PROCESSOR (VIP) THAT WILL SAT!SFY
THE
CONSTRAINTS,
fAUTMOR)
fut
144
UNCLASSIFIED
/00331
/
.
LNCLAS5S
DrC
AD-638
REPORT
A
GRAPHIC
UESCRIOTIVE
AUG
NO,
SANTA
CORP
DISPLAY
NOTE!
PROFESSIONAL
lSP
67
SP-283S/000/01
MONICA
CONSOLE
TABLET
FOR
CALIF
TIME-
UNDER
USE
U
FrPER,
GALLENSONL,
PRESENTATION
FOR
NOTE:
THE
AT
FALL
NOVEMBER
COMP YER CONFERENCC,
1I,
I967,
ANAHEIM,
CALIF,,
($TIME
SHARING,
*INPUT-OUTPUT
DESCRIPTORS:
/00331
REPORT
UNCLASSIFIE;
SUPPLEMENTARY
NO,
CONTROL
s/
9/a
DEVELOPMENT
SHARING,
REPT,
SZARCH
BIBLIOCRAPHY
47
SYSTEM
IIED
JOINT
14-
DEVICES),
(eDISPLAY SYSTEMS, TIME FHARING),
MAN-MACHINE SYSTEMS, DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS,
MAGNETIC CORE STORAGE, GRAPWICS, FLOW CHARTING,
PROGRAMMING(COM"UT4RS}, COMPUTER STOPAGE
DEVICES,
THE
.OGIC,
CO-PUTER
PROBLEMS
OF
CATHODE
"'tING HIGHLY
RAY
(v)
BES
INTERACTIVE
GRA'HIC
TIME-SHAREO PROCESSOR ARE DISCUSSED
IN THIS PAPER, SOOE SOLUTIONS TO "HESE PROBLEMS
ARE GIVEN AND ARE ILLUSTRATED IN THE GRAPHIC TABLET
OISPLAY (GTD) CONSOLE USED WITH THE SDC TIMES, ARING SYSTEM (TgS), ALSO DESCRIBED IN THIS
PAPLR ARE THE COMPONENTS OF THE GTOO ITS INTERFACE
CONSOLES
OITH
A
ITS OPERATION, THE GTD
REAR-PROJECTION DISPLAY ON A RAND
TABLET, :MPROVING THE 'NATURALNESS' OF MAN-MACHINE
COMMUNICAfION, THE GTD/TSS INTERFACE TAKES
ADVANTAGE OF AN EXISTING 1/0 PREPROCESSOR TO
PROVIDE THE NECESSARY RESPONSE TIME FOR MOST OF THE
WITH 'HE TSS, AND
CONSOLE EMPLOYS A
CONSOLE'S
HIGHLY
INTERACTIVE
FUNCTIONS,
UNCLASSIFIED
fAUTHOR)
(U)
/00331
UNCLASS IFI[
DOC
AD-*59
REPORT
A
CONN
GRAPHIC
RCRAFT
CONTROL
NO
/0033
1/2
a/
807
UNITED
SEARCH
BIBLIOGRAPHY
CORPORATE
SYSTEMS
CENTER
FARMINGTON
HANOL:NG TECHNIGUES,
FINAL 'EC0NICAL REPT, JUN &&-JUN
DESCRIPTIVE NOTE!
I
WILLIAMS,C=IFFORD W,
233P
47
JUN
REPT, NO,
CONTRACT:
)ATA
SCR-331
DA-'44-OOV-AMC-ISI
UNCLASSIFIED
(U)
67,
X)
REPORT
lOGRAPHICS, DATA PROCtSSIN
DESCRIPON*
%#MAPPING, DISPL.AY SYSTEMSI,
SYSTEMS).
(OMAN-MACkINE SYSTEMS, GRAPHICS), CATHODE RAY
TUBE SCREENS, INPUT-OUTPUT DEVICES, FLOo CkART:NG,
T
T
CO-PU ER PROGRAMS, HUMAN ENGINEERING, DIGI AL
COMPUTERS, AUTOMATION, MAPS
ON-LINE SYSTEMS,
IDENTIFIERSI
COMPUTER AIDED GRAPHICS
IV)
LIGHT
PENS,
IU$
TECmNIOUES AND EQUIP ENT FOR HANDLING GRAPHIC DATA
*ERE THE SUBJECTS OF VHE STUCY, THE GRAPHIC DATA
WERE DERIVED FROM LINE MAPS, COLOR SEPARATION SHEETS,
ORTHOPHOTOGRAPHS ANO CONTOUR SHEETS, EoUIPMEN. WAS
TESTED, WHEREVER FEASIBLE, BY IMPLEMENTING HARDWARE
AND SOFTWARE TO ENABLE THE ON-LINE COMMUNICATION
BETWEEN A HUMAN OPERATOR AN,, 4 DIGITAL COMPUTER,
THE HUMAN FACTORS OF HANDLING CARTOGRAPHIC DATA
I-SPLAY EOUIPPED WITH A LIGHT
WITH A CATHODE IAY TUBF
tENT TO OBTAIN
SUFF,
DEGREE
A
PEN *ERE STUDIED TO
TEST SYSTEM
OPERATIONAL
AN
SPECIFIC CONCLUSIONS,
TO
AND
TESTS
OF
RESULTS
OBTAIV
WAS USED TO
TESTS INTO
THESE
FROM
OBTAINED
DAI
THE
EXTRAPrLATE
POSSIbLE SYSTEM AND EOUIPMENT CONFIGURATIONS, IHE
iMPUlATIONAL COMPLEX
TEST SYSTEM CONSISTED OF A
EQUIPPED WITH A GRAPHI:AL DISPLAY WITH PROVISION FOR
HUMAN INTERFACE AND AUGMENTED BY A BREADIOARD
SCANNER-DIGITIZER. THE OUrPUT OF THE SYSTEM
CONSISTS OF AN X-Y PLOTTER CAPABLE OF
DIGITAL DATA INTO HARD COPY, ALTHOUGH
EMPHASIZED THE HUMAN INTERFACE WITH A
COMPLEX, THE TYPES OF GRAPHICAL DATA
THE SOURCES OF THIS DATA, METHODS OF
AND SUGGESTIONS FOR SOLVING THE FILE
THESE
PROCESS WERE ALSO INVESTI .*TEo,
TRANSLATING
THE TESTS
COMPUTATIONAL
TO BE PROCESSED,
HANDLING DATA,
CCNVtRSION
INVESTIGATIONS ARE DIRECTLY RLATED TO THE GRAPHICAL
DATA HANDLING TECHNIQUES BECAUSE IT #-AS BEEN
DETERMINED THAT ANY GIVEN TECHNIOUE OR EOUIPMENT *ILL
MANY USES IN THE TOTAL CARTOGRAPHIC SYSTEM,
HAVE
Iu)
4AUTHOR)
UNCLASSIFIED
/00331
REPORT
SDDC
SEARCH
SISL!OGRA bHv
MASSACHUSETTS
INST
OF
CONTROL
LINCOLN
LEXINGTON
TECH
/0033,.
NO,
LAB
tu)
5R, PHICS,
NcV
JUN-30
NOV
CONTRACT:
MONITOR:
SEMIANNUAL
NOE:
DESCRIPTIVE
47
AF
ESD
SUMMARY
REPT,
I
67,\
RAPrEL,JACK I,
30P
ARPA ORDER-69i
SI- 140,
19(&62
Tq-67-370
UNCLASSIFIED
SUPPLEMENTARY
TECHNICAL
NOTEI
REPORT
SEE
ALSO
AD-653
II,
(OMAN-MACHINE SYSTEMS, GRAP;ICS),
DESCRIPTORS:
PROCESSING SYSTEMS), REMOTE
DATA
; eGR*'4ICS,
CONTROL SYSTEMS, SCHEDULING, ALGORITHMS, INPUTOUTPUT DEVICES, DISPLAY SYSTtMS, COMPILERS.
PROGRAMMING(COMPUTERS), PROGAAMMING LANGUAGES,
INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
COMP~rER-AIDED DISIGN, COMPUTER
GRAPHICS, ON-LINE SYSTEMS, VITAL PROGRAMMING
MAINTJNANCE,
IDENTIFIERS:
AIDED
6ANGUA4E,
LEAP
PROGRAMMING
(U)
(U)
LANGUAGE
APEX DISPLAY EXECUTIVE HAS BEEN IN REGULAR
OPERATION AND EXPERIENCE *IfK NEW DISPLAY HARDWARE
IN
AND A REMOTE DISP6A7 CONSOLE HAS BEEN HELPFUL
PINPOINTING NEEDED CHANGES, THE APEX INTERRUPT
EXECUTIVE HAS BEEN COMPLETEC' AND WILL BE EVALUATED
LURING THE NEXT OUARTER, A NEW APEX SCHEDULING
ALGORITHM HAS BEE N IMPLEMENTED IN ORDER TO 'MPROvE
THE SYSTEM RESONIE TO USERS. THE 338 REMOTE
THE
CONSOLE IS OPERATIONAL
AND IS BEING USED ON A
jN WASHINGTON,
ROUTINE BASIS,
0, C.,
THE
COMPILER-COMPILER SYSTEM VITAL IS IN REGULAR tSE,
THE PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE LEAP, IMPLEMENTED USING
VITAL, MAS BEIN USED FOR PROGRAMMING CONSTRAINT
PROBLEMS, A PIRTION OF THE NEW VITAL SYSTEM,
INTEGRATtD CIRCUI' MASK LAYOUT, AND TWO DEBUGGING
PACXAGES. THESE LA TER PRESENT THEIR DATA
GRAPHICAL' v TO THE USER, THE DESIGN Of AN IMPROvED
VITAL SYSTE' IS UNDER WAY, THE EARTH DISPLAY
PRO5RAM CREATED EARLIER IN THE YEAR HAS BEEN JSED ON
ACTUAL DATA OBTAINED FROM LES- , A NEW APPROACH
FOR SOLVING CONSTfAINED SYSTEMS IS UNDER DEvELOPfMENT
w
USES A GEOMETRICAL MODEL, SEVERAL YR!AL
%1IC
BEEN PROGRAMM[E
Av
APPLICATIONS OF THIS METHOD
USING LEAP, A SPECIAL COMPILER AND LANGLAGE FOR
TESTING INTEGRATED CIRCUITS HAVE BEEN DEVEL"PED. A
GENERALIZED SUPERPOSITiON "AS BEEN APPLIED
THEORY O
TO WAVEFORM PROCESSING, PROGRAMS HAVE BEEN
PRCCESSING, ANC PH'ITCGRAPH'Ni
0EVELOPED FoR SCAN%'NG,
T
L,BJEC EO TO , Hl; NEW KIN O OtL)
PICTu''ES WHICH ARE
UNCLASSIFIED
/0033I
UNCLASSIFIED
DDC
REPORT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
MASSACHUSETTS
LAB
A
LOW-COST
INST
GRAPHIC
SHARING CONSOLE,
DESCRIPTIVE NOTE!
OF
DISPLAY
CAMBRIDGE
FOR
A
/00331
ELECTRONIC
COMPUTER
SYSTEMS
TIME,
TEC.NICAL
3aP
67
JUL
CHEE ,THOMAS
B,
1
ESL-TM-316
REPT. NO,
NONR-O4102(0I)
CONTRACT:
PROj:
TECH
CONTROL. NO,
SEARCH
MEMO,,
STOTZ,ROBrRT
H,
I
DSR-79474
UNCLASSIFIED
REPORT
eOATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS,
DESCRIPTORS:
i#INPUT-OUTPUT DEVICES, REMOTE
SHARING),
(*GRAPHICS, DIPLAY SYSTEMS),
SYSTEMS),
TELETYPE SYSTEMS, TYPe MITERS, SYMBOLS,
*TIME
COtTROL
tPA ICIENCY, COSTS, DATA TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS,
'ELEPHONE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS, D-TA STC*AGE
SYSTEMS, LOGIC CIRCUITS, MAN.MACMINE SYSTEMS
IDENTIFIERS:
MAC PROJECT,
ALPMA-NUMERIC SYMBOLS,
TELETYPEWRITERS
(U)
KEY$OARDS,
u
THt ADVENT OF TIME-SHARED COMPUTER SYSTEMI HAS
T
CREATED A NEED FOR A FLEXIBLE AND RELATIVELY LOW-COS
COMMUNICATION TERMINAL FOR REMOTE COMPUTER ACCESS.
MOST TIME-SHARED SYSTEMS NOW USE MECHANICAL
AND UNABLE TO PRESENT
TELEfYPEWRITERS WHICH ARE S O
GRAPHIC DISPLAYS--A SE IOUS LIMITATION IN MANY
THE bEST
COMPUTER APPLICATIONS
AP'EARS
REPLACEMENT
TELETYPEWRITER
A
FOR
CANDIDATE
SE A CRT CONSOLE WITH AN ALPHANUMERIC KEYBOARD
INPUT WHICH CAN CONNECT AS A 'STAND ALONE' UNIT 70
STANDARD TELEPHONE LINE, THE oNIT USES A DIRECTVIEW STORAGE TUBE (DVST) FOR A DISPLAY SCREEN AND
A VECTOR GENERATOR AND A SYMBOL GtNERATOR
CONTA N
IT CAN CONNECT TO
FOR THE FULL ASCII SYMBOL SET.
SOWHISTICATED
CENTRAL COMPU'ER VIA A 11O0-tMOO SAUD DATAPHONE
LINE, A MANUALLY-CONTROLLED ELECTRONIC CURSOR FOR
ADDED,
GRAPHICAL INPUT T- THE COMPUTER CAN ALSO B
(AUTHOR)
TO
A
A
NCASSIfIED
ul
0C331
GENERAL
APPL ICATIONS
A
UNCLASSIFIED
DOC
REPORT
AD-&10
BIBLIOGRAPHY
SEARCH
CONTROL
NO,
/OOJ3
i1
ELECIRONIC
CORTEX:
A
Dlv
SYSTEMS
L
.
COMPUTER-BASE
HANSCOM
SYSTEM
FIELD
FOR
MASS
AIDING
DECISION
MAKING,
(u)
DEC
REPT,
6A
NO,
PRO.,:
43P
UNCLASSIFIED
REOORT
NTARY
PUE,
SCIENCES:
SPARFAN
NOTE:
PROCEEDINGS
BOOKS,
INC.,
OESC"IPTORS:
DECISION
DATA
(COMPUTERS),
TUeE! ,
DE
SION
THE
IS
AND
0
PROGRAMMING
SYSTEMS,
CATHODE
ON-LINE
THE
MAK
OF
RA
Y
SYSTEMS,
MANIFESTATI0N
PROCESS
OCISION
OETAIL,
IS
A
AT
A
THEORY
GRrATLV
IN
THU
LARGE
Or
C'".UTER
KNOWLEDGE
OF
CECISION
PARTt
DEC
THE
ARE
SVSTEH
MAKE
CONCEP'S
THE
AVAILABLE
By
"'C
PERSONAL
MAKER
or
SYSTEM
!N
ACTIVITIES,
(AUTHOC
)
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DESC4IWTOPSl
METHODS). CLECTRXCAL NETWORXS, THEORY,
AU T C ATA, PROGRAMMING .-ANGUAGES, CCNTEXT FPEE
T
SEOUENCE S*ITCwE,
GRAMMARS, MAGNE IC TAP7F
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STOPAGE
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ITERATIVE LOGICAL NETWORKS ARE PRESENTED, IT 1S
O
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SHI N THAT
J
IMPLIES A POSITIVE ANSWER TO HENNIF'S CONJECTUREI
f ' ITERATIVE ARRAYS or LOGICAL CI 4CUITS, ' MIT
PRESS, CAMSRIDGE, MASS, 19611 THAT THE
RESULTS
UNILATRAL SYSTEMS *"ICH ATE STAGLE
ARE MORE POOERFUL THAN THE iTRICTLY
SYSTEMS, L2)
THE iiNILATERAL SYSTEMS
IN T,E
STABLE
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*IDE
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ARE
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WIDE SENSE ARE PORC POWERFUL THEN THE
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(4)
THAN THE DEYERMINIS"IC P'5 9 DO*N AUTOMAfA AN
A PROPER SUBCLASS OF' STRICTLY 9TABLE UNILATERAL
IN A SENSE THAN THE CLASS OF
SYSTEMS IS MO".E PO*ER7L.
TwO-TAPE O :-*AY AUTOMATA, IT ALSO IS PROVED THAT
(|)
A
LANGUAGE
GENERATED
SOUARED-RECOGNIZABLE
MACHINE
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BY
A
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N
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('COMPUTATIONAL COMPLEXITY OF RECURSIVE SCOUQENCESl
FFTH ANNUAL SYMPOPIUM OF SWITCHING
PROC.
(OCT.
CIRCUIT THEOR' AND LOGICAL 0ESIGN',
1944) P. 8-9O, AND (2) THERE IS A LANGUAGE
H
1S GENERATED 8V A LINEAR GRAMMAR AND IS NOT NWHIC
RECOGNI ZALEf
(U)
fAUTHOR)
UNCLASSIFIED
/10332
UNCLASSIFIED
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REPORT
AD-&32 5.9
ILLINOIS
A NOTE ON
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ANNUAL
AND
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OF
LOGICAL
(AUTHOR)
(Q)
1 54
UNCLASS IF IED
1003j2
'LINCt AS
DOC
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AD-635 '431q/
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6BLIOGRAPHY
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INST
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REVISED fD,
DESCRIPTIVE NOTE:
HENNIE, F, CR I
lOP
*5
OCT
DA-36-O39-AMC-032OO(E) NSF-R'95
CONTRACTI
UNCLASSIFIED REPORT
AVAILABIL!TY: PUBLISHED IN
IEEE
TRANSACT:ONS
ON
FED 1966,
ELECTRONIC COMPUTERS VECIS Ni P35-44
Or
REVISION
NSG-496,
GRANT
SUPPLEMENTARY NOTE:
19 .1UN &S,
MANUSCRIPT S 'M!TTED
feAUTOMATA, OPERATION), TIME,
DESCRiPTORS:
DATA STORAGE SYSTEMS,
?NPUT-OUTPUT DEVfCES
DIGITAL COMPUTERS,
RETRIEVAL,
;NFORMATION
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$ MACHINE, ON-LINE SYSTEMS
TURI
IDENTIFIERS:
PROBLEH OF
THE PAPI2R INVESTIGATE% ('TH)E
R
TIMES OF
COMPUTATION
THE
ON
BOUNDS
LOWZ
FINDING
TRADE-OFF
(j)THE
AND
MACHINES,
LINE TURING
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN COMPUTAtION TIME AND TAPE
DIMENSIONALITY, IT CONSIDE4S PROBLEMS IN WHICH A
F
TURING MACmINE IS SUPPLIED WITH A SEOUENCE O
( )
(U)
ON-
T
FNPU S REPRESENTING DATA TO BE STORED ON THE
MACHINE'S TAPEiS)o FOLLOWED BY A SEQUENCE OF
;NPUTS R OUESTING THE MACHINE TO FIND AND EXAMINE
VARIOUS PORTIONS OF THE STORED DATA, THE APPROACH
TAKEN IS TO ASSUME THAT THE MACHINE HAS BEEN DESIGNED
TO READ IN AND STORE DATA IN SUCH A *AY AS TO
MINIMIZE THE TIME REQUIRED TO SUBSEQUENTLY LOCATE
ARBITRARY PORTIONS OF THAT DATA, THIS APPROACH
SOMETIMES MAKES IT POSSIBLE To FIND GOOD LOWER BOUNDS
.N THE COMPUTATION TIME (NUMBER OF MACHINE STEPS)
T
HE INPUT SEQUENCE
NEEDED TO PROCESS THE PORTION OF'
THAT CALLS FOR THE RETRIEVAL OF DATA, IT IS SHOWN
THAT THERE ARE SOME PROBLEMS IN WHICH AN INCREASE IN
TAPE DIMENSIONALITY APPRECIABLY REDUCES THE
COMPUTATION TIME NEEDED, BUT IT IS ALREADY KNOWN
THAT
INCREASING
THE
NUMAER
OF
A
MACHINE'S
YARPES
IBEYOND TWO) DOES NOT APPRECIABLY Ut REASE THE
COMPUTATION TIME NEEDED, THUS, TAPE 3IMENSIONALITY
AND TAPE MULTIPLICITY ARE PARAMETERS THAT AFFECT
COMPUTATION TIME IN BASICALLY DIFFERENT WAYS.
(U)
(AUTHOR)
155
UNCLASSIFIED
/00331
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1
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DOC
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8IBLIOGRAPHY
SEARCH
CONTROL
AD-6'12 172
/
MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH 6EXINGTON
A DIGITAL SYSTEM FOR ON-LINE STUDIES
NO,
1O0332
LINCOLN LAa
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SPRING JOINT COMPUTER CONFERENCE, BOSTON,
APRIL 1966,
THE
a6-e
DESCRIPTORS:
ISDIGITAL SYSTEMS, DYNAMICS),
DIGITAL CCMPUTERS, DIGITAL DIFFERENTIAL ANALYZERS,
DIFFERENTIAL
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THE
PAPER
DIGITAL
EQUATIONS
ON-LINE SYSTEMS
DESCRIBES
THE
DESIGN
(U,
(U)
AND
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SYSTEM
WHICH 1S USEFUL FOR ON-LINE
SYSTEMS DESCRIBED
SYSTEMS, I.E.,
OF
A
STUDIES
BY
OF
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ORDINARY DIFFEReNTIAL EQUATIONS, THE SYSTEM IS A
COMBINATION OF A SMA'L, GENERAL-PURPOSE DIGITAL
COMPUTER AND A H
-S,'EED DIGITAL DIFFERENTIAL
ANALYZER IDDA
WHICH USES A t.5 MICROSEC, SPLITCYCLE CORE MEMORY, fHE INTERCONNECTION OF THE
INTEGRATORS OF TNf ODA IS SPE CIFIED AS PART OF AN
86-BIT WORD, AND THERE ARE 256 WORDS (OR
INTEGRATORS) IN THE H^,im
INTERCONNECTION OF
4 NE,
TWF SMALL GENERAL-PuRPOSE COMPUTER TO A LARGE TIMESHARED SYSTEM MAKES AUTOMATIC MAPPINL , SCALING, AND
INTERCONNECTION OF THE DD' POSSISLE, AND THUS, ONRELATIVELY SHORT TIMES FOR
LiNE OPERATION *ITH
SETTING
UP
AND
RUNNING
ARE
ACHIEvEO,
UNCLASSIFIED
(AUTHOR)
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100332
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ALGEBRAIC
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ROYAL
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NO,
/00332
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INCREME.
FARNOOROuGI,
ON-LINE OR
. L PLOTTER
(ENGLAND)
OFF-LINE
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626 142
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AD Number
63
64
65
1
66
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105
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4
5
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149
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150
69
109
110
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632 320
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633 364
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639 734
640 057
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657
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144
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16
I
_UNCLASSiI!ED-UNLIMITEU
Sect ity
Clasaiticetion
DOCUMENTCC4TL MA A if&
(Swe wit) clealjIicallo" *I title. boof of 466ti,.ct and inrh~d
r
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ioNmiCNA TING ACTIVI TY (CorposvI9 h&d9~or)
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120. REPORT SEUN.I
DEFENSE DOCUMENTATION CENTER
Came ron Stat ion
REPORT
I
CATO
Unclassified-Unlimited
ab. INU
Alexandria, Virginia 22314
3
I-)o
C11
________
TITLE
ON-LINE COMPUTER SYSTE4S VOLUME I
4. OKIC~vtPTIV9 NOTIES
REPORT
f.
(1YPffo
rotp.ot and tncg.0re 4*t**)
1'*T1
70
SEPTEMBER 1968
as-
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OR
TOTAL -40
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ODC-TAS-68-36
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OTHER RPUP*.
N'2I10
AD-67
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208
(Anty o.1
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b- ... fan-d
5
___
rATEWFNT
This document has been approved for public release and sale;
its distribution is unlimited.
11 SUVPLILENIA~t
I)
NO.TC3
12
SPONSOqIIJC
"ILIl AMY AC TfWI r
ABSTRACT
This Lnclasi fied-Unl imited bibliography was compiied in response to a growing interest in On-Line Computer Systems. The bib]liography, with 162 citations , was grousjed into 5 general subject
areas: IPrograrming(computers , 'nformation Retrieval, Time Sharinq,
Graphics, and General ApplicationsThis volume i s snolernented by an Uncl assi fi4ed-Limi ted version
with 52 citations (AD 40 090).
DD
Nov. 014737
UNCLASSI FlED-UN4IIE
UNCLASS IFIED -UNLItLTED
Security CPsifict
n
_
-
--
L I
A I
eI
0 L E
*On-Line Systens
*Information Retrieval
*Programming(Computers)
*Time Sharing
IMan-Machine Systems
Comouter Progrims
Graphics
Computers
Display Systems
Programming Languages
Biblicgraphies
Digital Computers
Data Processing Systems
Data Storage Systems
Real Time
Computer Storage Devices
li"
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MOO LE
I
J
UNCLASSI FED-UNLLMT..
SeCuity Oa % i
Shon
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