TM/RM-1327GE Series
Digital Monochrome/Color
Progressive Scan, Interline-Transfer Gigabit Ethernet Camera
Document Version: E
Document P/N: 10164
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
Notice
The material contained in this manual consists of information that is proprietary to JAI, Inc., and
may only be used by the purchasers of the product. JAI, Inc. makes no warranty for the use of its
product and assumes no responsibility for any errors which may appear or for damages resulting
from the use of the information contained herein. JAI, Inc. reserves the right to make changes
without notice.
Microsoft, Windows XP, Windows 2000, Windows 98, Windows NT, and Windows Explorer are either
registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other
countries.
Warranty
For information about the warranty, please contact your factory representative.
Certifications
CE Compliance
The TM-1327GE series of cameras have been certified to conform to the requirements of Council
Directive 89/336/EC for electromagnetic compatibility and to comply with the following European
Standards:
Emissions: EN 55022A: 1998 + A1: 2000 + A2: 2003
Immunity: EN55024: 1998 + A1: 2001 + A2: 2003
All JAI products bearing the CE mark have been declared to be in conformance with the applicable
EEC Council Directives. However, certain factory-installed options or customer-requested
modifications may compromise electromagnetic compatibility and affect CE compliance. Please
note that the use of interconnect cables that are not properly grounded and shielded may affect CE
compliance.
Contact JAI Applications Engineering Department for further information regarding CE compliance.
FCC
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area may cause harmful interference, in which case the
user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Notice
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TM/ RM-1327GE Series
WARNING
Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for FCC
compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
TM-1327GE Series Operation Manual
JAI, Inc.
625 River Oaks Parkway
San Jose, CA 95134
Tel:(408) 383-0300
Tel:(800) 445-5444 (toll-free)
Fax:(408) 383-0301
E-mail: camerasales.americas@jai.com
www.jai.com
iv
Notice
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
February 12, 2008
Notice
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TM/ RM-1327GE Series
Table of Contents
Disclaimer Notice....................................................................................................iii
Table of Contents ....................................................................................................v
List of Figures ....................................................................................................... vii
List of Tables.........................................................................................................ix
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Table of Contents
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
List of Figures
List of Figures
vii
TM/ RM-1327GE Series
viii
List of Figures
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
List of Tables
List of Tables
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TM/ RM-1327GE Series
x
List of Tables
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
1.TM-1327GE Software
Operation Manual
1
Software Introduction
1.1
Scope of the Document
This manual describes how to access and use features specific to JAI's Gigabit Ethernet camera, the
TM-1327GE. The camera’s different operation modes are described in the hardware section of this
manual, which begins on page 29.
The TM-1327GE series consists of the TM-1327GE (monochrome) and the TMC-1327GE (color). Unless
otherwise noted, all information contained in this manual is relevant to both models.
1.2
Related Documents
The appendix contains descriptions of the TM-1327GE camera’s internal frame grabber and how to
connect the camera. The appendix complements, and should be used in conjunction with the three
following documents:
•
Cam2Net User’s Manual
•
Cam2Net IP Device Drivers
•
Cam2Net C++ SDK Reference Manual
These documents are part of the GigE software package and are added to your system when the
software is installed.
1.3
Gigabit Ethernet Camera Interface
The GigE interface provides an easily connectable, high-bandwidth imaging solution, where video
data is sent as IP packets over an industry-standard GigE network.
Point-to-point (unswitched) transmission is up to 100 meters. With Gigabit Ethernet switches, the
transmission distance is virtually unlimited.
Note: Refer to the section on time-outs and packets in the Cam2Net User’s Manual for more
information on packet sizes for point-to-point and networked applications.
Communication with a GigE camera is completely user transparent, so if you usually work with
Camera Link® or the JAI Cam2Net adapter, you will find it very easy to migrate.
The TM-1327GE camera has internal frame memory, which sends only the actual image data using
the Gigabit Ethernet interface.
At the PC, the Cam2Net Software Development Kit (SDK) provides a communications interface that
maps the RS-232 command channel through the IP link. All commands sent to and received from the
camera are transparently routed to/from the host PC using the GigE link.
Software Operation
11
TM/ RM-1327GE Series
Refer to the Cam2Net User’s Manual for details about network requirements, compatibility, and so
on.
1.4
Software Installation
The following instructions explain how to install the JAI GigE camera-control software on a PC.
1.4.1
Before Installing the GigE Series Camera-Control Software
Before installing the JAI GigE camera-control software, please note the following requirements.
•
Your computer must have a Pentium processor running at least 1.4GHZ, and its operating
system must be either Microsoft Windows XP Pro or Windows 2000.
•
Installation of the software requires approximately 75 MB of free space in your PC hard disk.
1.4.2
Installing the Software
To install the JAI GigE camera-control software, read and follow the directions included in the
document download card. If your computer does not have Internet access, call JAI at 1 800 445 5444
to request that the software be sent to you on a CD-ROM.
Install the software using the following steps:
1. Open the folder “JAI” and run the IPEngineSDK.exe file to install the Camera Interface
Application.
2. Open the folder “GigE_Software” and run the setup.bat file. This installs the GigE camera
software as part of the Camera Interface Application. It copies the file cycampulnix.dll to the
folder C:\Program Files\JAI\Cam2Net\Binaries.
3. The program initiates a driver scan. Allow the network card driver installation at this time. (If
you cancel the installation for some reason this dialog box can be accessed at a later time; go
to “Start” --> “Programs” --> “JAI AS” --> “Launch Driver Installation Tool” to launch the driver
install).
4. A driver installation tool dialog box displays. Read the message about canceling found new
devices and then click “OK”.
Figure 1.
Scanning for Drivers
[screen shot]
5. The Driver Installation Tool dialog box appears with a listing of all NIC cards on the system.
6. Right click on the net driver desired for the camera. If the driver is an Intel Pro a high
performance option is available for install.
Figure 2.
Intel Pro Install Choices
[screen shot]
7. Right click on the net driver desired for the camera.
8. Select the desired driver install “Install High Performance IP Device Driver” or “Install Intel
Network Driver”. The network installation options vary, based on the NIC card installed on the
system. A dialog box asks for verification of the selected install. Click “Yes”. Follow the
instructions on any additional dialog boxes.
12
Software Operation
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
9. For information on other network card installs click “Start”-->”JAI A.S”-->”Cam2Net”->”Documentation”-->” Cam2Net IP Device Drivers”. An Acrobat file has instruction to help
guide you through the proper install.
10. Go to “Start” --> “Programs” --> “JAI AS” --> “Cam2Net” --> “Launch Coyote application”
to launch the camera control tool.
1.4.3
Uninstalling the Software
To uninstall the JAI GigE camera-control software from the control panel, use the following steps:
1. Open “Add or Remove Programs” in the control panel.
2. Select “JAI Cam2Net” from the lists of the installed software.
3. Click the “Change or Remove” button as shown in Figure 3.
Figure 3.
Change and Remove Buttons
[screen shot]
1.4.4
Quick-Start
Use the following quick-start process when the Camera Interface Application is installed on your PC.
1. Connect the camera. The Hirose pin layout is shown in Table 1 on page 6. Both the Hirose and
the network cable (RJ-45) are illustrated in Figure 6.
2. Run the Camera Interface Application.
3. Click “Detect.” Assign a suitable IP address to the camera. The window shown in Figure 4
appears.
Figure 4.
Network Device Finder Window
[screen shot]
4. Select the appropriate camera from the list, similar to the window shown in Figure 5 and click
OK.
Figure 5.
Select Camera Window
[screen shot]
5. Go to the “Acquisition” tab and click Start. An image stream should appear.
6. Click Configure and open the “GigE Camera Software” dialog box. This is your integrated
control software.
Note: the color version (TMC-1327GE) requires color interpolation to be performed in the frame
grabber or by using the host computer’s CPU. In default mode, the camera supports 2 x 2 color
interpolation. For better color performance, the user can select 3 x 3 interpolation in the
Camera Interface Application. Go to the “Acquisition” tab and click Configure. In the
Software Operation
13
TM/ RM-1327GE Series
Advanced Configuration Window, select the “Pixel Type” tab. Make sure the camera is set to
the proper color space and pixel depth, then click the check-box labeled “Use 3 x 3 Bayer
Interpolation” in the “Conversion Options” panel. More information on color interpolation and
the color filter array (CFA) can be found in Section 8.2 beginning on page 38 of this manual.
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Software Operation
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
2
Connectors
The camera has two sockets, as shown in Figure 6 below:
• 12-pin Hirose for power, trigger, RS-232 communication and TTL I/O.
• RJ-45 for Gigabit Ethernet.
Figure 6.
TM-1327GE Back Panel Connectors
These connectors are described in Section 2.1 and Section 2.2 below.
2.1
Power and Signals Connector
The GE camera receives power and signal through a 12-pin Hirose connector. Table 1 below lists the
pin layout and describes the function of each pin. The table lists the GPIO assignments for the
relevant pins. A magnified illustration of each pin’s assignment follows in Figure 7 on page 7.
Table 1
Hirose Connector, Pin Assignment
Pin #
Definition
Description
1
GND
Power ground
GPIO Assignment
2
+12V
Power supply in
3
AGND
Analog ground (video)
4
VIDEO
Video out
5
GND
Ground (TTL) - Digital
6
TTL IN (EXT_TRIG)
VINIT in (CC1 equivalent)
I0
7
TTL IN (EXT_VD)
HD in (CC4 equivalent)
I1 (can bypass GPIO LUT)
8
TTL OUT (STROBE)
Strobe output
Q0
I2 (can bypass GPIO LUT)
9
TTL IN (EXT_HD)
VD in (CC3 equivalent)
10
RESV
Reserved
11
TTL IN (INTG_CON)
Reserved
12
RESV
Reserved
Figure 7.
I3
HR10A-10R-12P
9
1
2
8
10
11
3
4
12
5
Connectors
7
6
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TM/ RM-1327GE Series
2.2
Ethernet
The GigE socket, marked on the camera’s back panel as “GigE,” is a standard RJ-45 Ethernet socket.
Use at least cat5e UTP cables (Cat6 cables are preferred). If you wish to connect the camera
directly to a PC, you must use a cross-over cable. Refer to the Cam2Net User's Manual for details.1
Figure 8.
Ethernet GigE Socket
GigE
1
16
JAI recommends the use of shielded cables to reduce emissions and for CE/FCC compliance. Double-shielded cables will
further reduce emissions.
Connectors
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
3
Configuring the TM-1327GE Camera
The configuration of your GigE camera consists of two parts:
•
The imager configuration (CCD and control circuits)
• The internal frame grabber configuration
The imager can be configured for partial scan, binning, etc., just like a Camera Link camera. The
internal frame grabber is automatically configured for the pixel type, windowing, image size and I/O
and so on, by the GigE camera software.
3.1
Setup
If you have a peer-to-peer connection between the TM-1327GE camera and your PC without network
switches, your packet size can be the default value (8128 bytes) as shown in Figure 9. However, if
you are connecting the TM-1327GE to your PC through a network switch, then you need to know
maximum packet size that your network switch supports. Typically, if your switch supports jumbo
packets, then you should keep the packet size to 8128 bytes. If your switch does not support jumbo
packets, then you may need to change the packet size to 1440 bytes.
Figure 9.
Camera Interface Application Dialog Box
[screen shot]
To use the integrated GigE camera software, use the following steps:
1. Start the Camera Interface Application. The dialog box shown in Figure 9 appears.
2. Click the Detect to detect the device and driver in the “Device Actions” panel.
3. Click Select Camera and select TM-1327GE or TMC-1327GE (color) from the camera list.
4. Select the “Acquisition” tab and click Configure. The camera configuration dialog box appears.
5. Select the “GigE Camera Software” tab. This is the Integrated GigE Camera Software shown in
Figure 11 on next page.
The TM-1327GE camera can operate in either 8-bit or 10-bit digital output mode. The 8-bit/10-bit
selection is possible through the GigE integrated software. To select the mode, open the Configure
page and select the Pixel Type tab as shown in Figure 10. Under Pixel Type, select either Grayscale
8, or Grayscale 10. Note that when Grayscale 10, 2 taps is selected, the LUT (Look-Up Table) is not
available in this mode.
Figure 10. Advanced Configuration Window
[screen shot]
3.2
Configuring the Imager
To configure the TM-1327GE’s imager, use the integrated GigE camera software that is part of the
Cam2Net camera interface application. You can also use the AccuPiXEL GigE control tool, but that
will not update any internal grabber settings. “Hardware Introduction” on page 29 of this manual
contains a description of the different image settings of the camera.
Configuring the Camera
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TM/ RM-1327GE Series
Figure 11. Integrated GigE Camera Software
[screen shot]
3.2.1
GUI Features
You can control the following camera functions using the integrated camera software:
3.3
•
Shutter Speed and Mode
•
Scan Mode
•
Gain Control
•
Offset Level
•
Memory Pages
•
LUT (Look-Up Table) Control
Configuring the Internal Frame Grabber
The integrated camera software updates the internal frame grabber settings automatically. In
addition, because the internal frame grabber configuration is independent of the imager
configuration, you can set up (that is, “window”) the internal frame grabber separately, for
example, the Image Settings tab in the integrated camera software. This has the added benefit of
reducing unnecessary traffic on the GigE network, therefore freeing bandwidth for other cameras.
3.4
Modes
This section includes several examples of setup actions available through the camera configuration
dialog box. Note that items 3.4.2 through 3.4.8 are all found under the GigE Camera Software tab of
the configuration dialog, as previously shown in Figure 11.
3.4.1
Check the Current Camera Setting
You can manually send camera commands from the “Port Communication” tabbed dialog shown in
Figure 12. Use the serial port and click the “CR” check box. Enter :RPST and click Send to get the
current camera setting. For detailed information about the current camera setting, refer to Table 4
on page 24.
Figure 12. Advanced Configuration - Port Communication
[screen shot]
3.4.2
Exposure Control
In Exposure Control, under the GigE Camera software tab, shown in Figure 13, you can specify the
shutter mode and set the shutter speed and direct shutter values.
Figure 13. Exposure Control
[screen shot]
Mode
Use the pull-down menu shown in Figure 14 to select from Manual or Async mode.
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Configuring the Camera
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
Figure 14. Mode Control Pull-down
[screen shot]
Shutter Speed
The shutter speed setting, shown in Figure 15, allows you to select the specific shutter speed for
Manual shutter and Async shutter. Manual shutter speed 0 is No Shutter mode; Async shutter speed 0
is Async - No Shutter mode; Async shutter speed 9 is Async - No Delay shutter mode (pulse width
control). Direct Shutter allows you to select shutter speed for direct shutter count by the video line.
External trigger polarity is set to active low in the Async mode.
Figure 15. Shutter Speed
[screen shot]
3.4.3
Scan Mode
The TM-1327GE camera has full and partial scan modes as shown in Figure 16. The partial scan area
allows you to select the different scan lines. When the scan area starts from an odd line, for a color
camera, an offset of 1 is added in the vertical direction.
Figure 16. Scan Mode
[screen shot]
3.4.4
Gain Settings
The Gain Settings control box, shown in Figure 17, allows you to change the Gain value from -3dB to
12dB. To change the value, move the slider or enter the value directly into the text box.
Figure 17. Gain Settings
[screen shot]
3.4.5
Offset (Black Level) Level Control
The offset level setting, shown in Figure 18, allows you to change offset voltage. To change the
value, move the slider or enter the value directly into the box.
Offset value determines the digital gain. Setting Vbottom above the zero level helps cut out some of
the infrared clutter and other noise on the lower end of the spectrum. Changing the Vbottom
setting adjusts the black level. Increasing the setting to a higher number causes the auto black level
control to darken the image, lowering the number lightens the image. A 0 setting is the lightest, and
255 is the darkest. The graph below shows how a new Vbottom effectively creates a new sensitivity
base point. Adjusting the Vtop can also lighten or darken the image.
Configuring the Camera
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TM/ RM-1327GE Series
The built-in auto black level control adds tiny positive or negative voltages to both Vtop and
Vbottom to compensate black level changes due to temperature. Auto black level does not change
the overall system gain.
Figure 18. Offset Level
[screen shot]
3.4.6
Look-Up Table
The look-up table (LUT) control, shown in Figure 19, allows you to change two knee point values.
Figure 19. Look-Up Table
[screen shot]
Enter X1, Y1, X2, Y2 values directly to adjust the knee curve. In the integrated camera software,
the look-up table cannot be controlled interactively. The Table Selection pull-down menu allows
you to select the Linear or Gamma 45 option. This control also allows you to check the positive or
negative image option.
3.4.7
Memory Pages
All the camera parameters such as shutter mode, shutter speed, gain, offset level, scan mode, and
LUT can be saved into seven (7) available memory pages on the EEPROM in the camera. The pages
are numbered 0-6. The Load Page button loads the corresponding camera settings from the EEPROM
while the write page button writes the current camera settings to the corresponding memory page
in the EEPROM.
Page 1, shown in Figure 20, is the power-up default page. Page 0 is the factory default. To save your
current camera settings for power up default, write the settings to memory page 1.
Figure 20. Memory Pages
[screen shot]
20
Configuring the Camera
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
To reset memory page 1 to the factory default settings, load memory page 0 and save those settings
to memory page 1. Page 0 is password-protected and you cannot write to it. If you find that you do
need to write to page 0, contact JAI for password access.
Note: Configurations such as grabber settings, pulse generator, GPIO, and image setting must be
saved into the XML file. Refer to Section 3.4.1, “Check the Current Camera Setting,” on page
11 for more information.
3.4.8
Free-Running Mode
The camera must be in “Manual Shutter” or “Direct Shutter” mode. In the example below, there is
no partial scan.
1. Connect to the camera.
2. Under the “Device Features” tab, set the GPIO look-up table to Q5=1.
3. Under the “GigE Software” tab, change the manual shutter or direct shutter values.
4. Click Start.
You should now see a free-running video stream.
3.4.9
Externally Triggered
The external trigger is sent through pin 6 of the 12-pin Hirose connector. To use the software to
enable the external trigger, use the following steps:
1. Change the GigE camera software shutter mode to Async. Shutter.
2. Set the GPIO look-up table to Q4 = I0 and Q5 = 1.
3.4.10 Internally Triggered
The camera-control software includes pulse generators that you can use to trigger the camera
internally. To do this, use the following steps:
1. Select “Pulse Generator 0” under the “Device Features” tab. Set the pulse width and delay and
check the “Periodic” option if needed.
2. Set the GPIO look-up table to Q5=1 and Q4=I7.
3. Set the shutter mode in the GigE camera software page to async shutter. For more information,
refer to Section , “Mode,” on page 13.
3.4.11 Save/Restore Settings to Your Hard Disk
To save your current settings into the XML file, go to the main menu, select “File” and click Save As.
The XML file saves all your configurations, such as grabber settings, pulse generator, GPIO and
language settings.
The XML file will not, however, save camera parameters such as shutter mode, shutter speed, gain
settings, offset level, scan mode, and LUT. For more information about saving these camera
parameters, refer to Section 3.4.7, “Memory Pages,” on page 15.
3.4.12 White Balance Control (Color Versions Only)
To determine white balance, use the following steps:
1. Select full scan mode in the GigE Camera Software tabbed dialog. shown in Figure 11 on page
10.
2. Start the live video by clicking Start in the Acquisition tab of the Camera Interface Application
dialog box.
Configuring the Camera
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TM/ RM-1327GE Series
3. Click “Configure” and select the RGB filter tab from the Advanced Configuration window. Show
the camera a piece of white paper to make sure that the image is not saturated.
4. Click Analyze to automatically calculate the white balance.
5. Once white balance has been calculated, click Apply Results to apply white balance. You can
also assign custom gain and offset values to the R, G, and B channels. If you choose to assign
custom values, click Apply Results.
Figure 21. White Balance Control Settings
[screen shot]
3.4.13 Main Menu: Option
The Grabber Settings tabbed dialog box has a check box to enable the test pattern that is internally
generated by the integrated camera software.
3.4.14 Version
You can view the version number of the Cam2Net camera interface application by clicking Help-->
About. The version number of the integrated GigE camera software appears in a text box control
called “Version” in the GigE Camera tabbed dialog box.
3.4.15 Exit
From the main menu, select “File,” and click “Exit” to exit the software.
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Configuring the Camera
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
4
Signal Handling
This section describes the signal handling of the GE cameras in the following section:
•
“Camera Inputs” on page 18
•
“GPIO Control Block” on page 19
•
“GPIO Label Tables” on page 21
• “Pulse Generators” on page 23
Refer to the Cam2Net User’s Manual for additional details.
4.1
Camera Inputs
For information on the polarity and type of the signals required to support specific camera
functions, refer to “Asynchronous Reset” on page 42
The TM-1327GE has three externally controllable standard signals:
•
Trigger (VINIT or EXT_TRIG) (CC1 equivalent)
•
VD in (EXT_VD) (CC3 equivalent)
• HD in (EXT_HD) (CC4 equivalent)
The labels for these signals in the GPIO Control Block programming language are:
4.2
•
I0, for VINIT (must be configured as EXT_TRIG)
•
I1, for VD in (must be configured as EXT_VD)
•
I2, for HD in (must be configured as EXT_HD)
GPIO Control Block
Figure 22 below shows the GPIO Control Block signals for the GE Cameras.
Figure 22. GE Camera GPIO Control Block
Signal Handling
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TM/ RM-1327GE Series
Inputs I0 through I7 can be either external or internal inputs to the look-up table. The outputs are
used by the imager part of the GE camera.
The HD and VD signals can be passed through, bypassing the GPIO lookup table. Figure 24 on page 20
shows a screen dump of the GPIO configuration page, where HD/VD bypass selection can be made.
The default value 0 (zero) is through the lookup table. Value 1 (one) is bypassing the lookup table.
The SDK and the Cam2Net Camera Interface Application both supply methods to select GPIO bypass
of the external VD and HD (I1 and I2).
You can select which signal source to lead to the GPIO inputs. This is done in the GPIO look-up table
page as shown in Figure 23.
Figure 23. GPIO Look-Up Table
[screen shot]
Figure 24. The GPIO Configuration
[screen shot]
4.3
GPIO Label Tables
Table 2 shows which GPIO inputs carry the different signals. The top line for each label contains the
default signal.
Table 2
GPIO Look-Up Table Input Labels
Input Label
Signal
Description
I0
TTL_IN(EXT_TRIG)
TTL-input 0. Used for external trigger.
FDV
Internal signal. Frame Data Valid.
I1
TTL_IN(EXT_VD)
TTL-input 1. Used for external vertical drive.
LDV
Internal signal. Line Data Valid.
I2
CTRL2
Internal control signal.
TTL_IN(EXT_HD)
TTL-input 2. Used for external horizontal drive.
I3
CTRL1
Internal control signal.
TTL_IN(INT)
TTL-input 3. Used for external integration control.
I4
CAM_STROBE
Internal signal. Strobe Input.
PULSE_GEN3
Pulse Generator 3 signals go here.
I5
I6
CTRL0
Internal control signal.
PULSE_GEN2
Pulse Generator 2 signals go here.
PULSE_GEN1
Pulse Generator 1 signals go here.
N/A
I7
PULSE_GEN0
Pulse Generator 0 signals go here.
N/A
24
Serial Commands
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
Table 3 shows which output labels carry the output signals.
Table 3
4.4
GPIO Look-Up Table Output Labels
Output label
Signal
Description
Q0
TTL-OUT(STROBE)
Q1
N/A
Q2
N/A
Q3
N/A
Q4
EVINIT
Q5
N/A
Strobe output
Trigger
Q6
EXT_VD
Vertical Drive
Q7
EXT_HD
Horizontal Drive
Q8
pulse_trig1
Pulse Generator 1 gets its trigger here
Q9
pulse_trig0
Pulse Generator 0 gets its trigger here
Q10
pulse_trig3
Pulse Generator 3 gets its trigger here
Q11
pulse_trig2
Pulse Generator 2 gets its trigger here
Q12
N/A
Q13
N/A
Q14
TRIG
Trigger for camera’s internal frame grabber
Q15
RESV
Reserved
Pulse Generators
The TM-1327GE camera has four independently programmable pulse generators. These generators
can run as either periodic or triggered. To run the pulse generators as triggered, they can be
triggered on either levels or signal edges. These generators can be tied to the camera inputs
(camera-control lines). For example, you can set pulse generator 0 in the Device Features tabbed
dialog box to the following values:
•
Delay = 600
•
Width = 14,000
• Granularity = 1
Now check the Periodic option and change the camera settings to Async 9. This triggers the camera,
based on the pulse width set in the Pulse Generator page.
Be careful with the pulse generator’s GPIO input and output polarity. If the delay and pulse-width
duration are switched around, the output polarity must be negated in the GPIO lookup table.
The pulse generators are configured in the “Pulse Generator” section of the “Device Features” tab
of the “Advanced Configuration” window as shown in Figure 25.
Figure 25. Pulse Generator Page
[screen shot]
Signal Handling
25
TM/ RM-1327GE Series
5
GigE Series Camera Serial Commands
You can control the GigE series cameras by serial command either using RS-232 or Camera Link. The
Start character is always “:” and the End character is always <CR> (return). For example, to set
Asynchronous Pulse Width Mode, send the command :ASH=9<CR> to the camera. Table 4 lists serial
commands you can use to control the camera.
Table 4
TM-1327GE Command List
Command Parameters
End of
Command
Ack Response
Description
Gain, Vtop, and Vbottom
:MGA=
XXX
<cr>
:o<cr>
Set CDS gain (XXX = 047 - 0E7)
:VTP=
XXX
<cr>
:o<cr>
Set VTOP (XXX = 000 - 0FF)
:VBT=
XXX
<cr>
:o<cr>
Set VBOTTOM (XXX = 000 - 0FF)
:MSH=
X
<cr>
:o<cr>
Set Manual Shutter (X = 0 manual, no shutter)
:ASH=
X
<cr>
:o<cr>
Set Async Shutter (X=0 async no shutter, X=9 PWC)
:DSH=
X
<cr>
:o<cr>
Set Manual Direct Shutter (1-1052)
:ADS=
XXX
<cr>
:0<cr>
Set Async Direct Shutter (DDD=000- 81F)
:DDP=
N
<cr>
:o<cr>
<cr>
:o<cr>
Shutter Mode and Shutter Speed
Data Output Control
Set output data depth (N = 0 : 8 bit, N = 1 : 10 bit)
Lookup Table
:LINR
:GM45
Set linear table
<cr>
:o<cr>
Set gamma .45 table
:KNEE=
X1Y1X2Y2
<cr>
:o<cr>
Set knees (X1, Y1, X2, Y2 = 00 - FF)
:NLUT
X
<cr>
:o<cr>
Set positive knee or negative knee (X=0 positive,
X=1 negative)
EEPROM
:WRPG
X
<cr>
:o<cr>
Write Page X = 0 - 6; (Page 0 is factory setting, Page
1 is power up default setting)
:LDPG
X
<cr>
:o<cr>
Load Page (X = 0 - 6)
:RDPG
X
<cr>
:o[settings]<cr>
Read Page (X = 0 - 6)
:RPST
<cr>
:o[settings]<cr>
Report current settings Scan Mode
:SMDA
<cr>
:o<cr>
Set Full Scan Mode
<cr>
:o<cr>
Set User Scan Area (XXXXX=0000 - 040F,
YYYY=0001 - 0410
:SMDU=
XXXXYYYY
Miscellaneous
:TAH=
X
<cr>
:o<cr>
External Trigger Polarity (X=1 Active High, X=0
Active Low)
:TPTN
X
<cr>
:o<cr>
Enable/Disable Test Pattern (X = 1Enable, X = 0
Disable)
:CAM?
<cr>
:o[model]<cr>
Enquire Camera Model
:VER?
<cr>
:o[version]<cr>
Enquire MPU firmware version
Note: If a command is not accepted for any reason, the camera returns a Nack response “:e”<cr>
Report Command:
TS Return :
26
RPST<cr>
O RR + “24 bytes” + <cr>
Serial Commands
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
Table 5
Byte 1, 2
18 Bytes Status Report
MGA
Gain Control (H’0000 - H’00FF)
Byte 3, 4
VTOP
VTOP (H’0080 - H’00C0)
Byte 5, 6
VBTM
VBOTTOM (H’0078 - H’00FF)
Byte 7,8
Reserved
Byte 9
Function Flag 0
Bit 7
output pixel order 1
Bit 6
output pixel order 0
“00”=<-- “10”=<-- “01”=<--
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Byte 10
Scan Mode
Full/Partial Scan
Bit 7
ShutterMode2
Bit 6
ShutterMode1
“000”=Manual Shutter
“001”=Async Shutter
Bit 5
ShutterMode0
“010”=Async Direct Shutter
“011”=Direct Shutter
Bit 4
Output Data Depth 0=8 bit
0=8bit; 1=10bit
LUTSIGN
0=Positive LUT; 1=Negative LUT
Bit 2
LUTTABLE2
“000”=Linear LUT
Bit 1
LUTTABLE1
“001”=Gamma.45 LUT
Bit 0
LUTTABLE0
“010”=Two Knee Table
Function Flag 1
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Byte 11
Function Flag 2
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Byte 12
Function Flag 3
Bit 7
TESTPATTERN
0=Disable TP; 1=Enable TP
Bit 6
Reserved
System Flag
Reserved
System Flag
Reserved
System Flag
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Byte 13
X1
Byte 14
Y1
(X1, Y1) Coordinate for Knee 1
(X1, Y1 = H’00 - H’FF)
Byte 15
X2
(X2, Y2) Coordinate for Knee 1
Serial Commands
27
TM/ RM-1327GE Series
Byte 16
Y2
(X2, Y2 = H’00 - H’FF)
Byte 17
User Scan
Start Point of User Scan Area
Byte 18
Active Line of
Scan
Active Line of User Scan Area
Byte 19
Direct Shutter
H’000 - H’40F
Byte 20 Byte 21, 22
Byte 23, 24
28
Reserved
Total line number
Serial Commands
H’040 - H’1F3
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
2.TM-1327GE Hardware
Operation Manual
6
Hardware Introduction
This chapter contains the following sections:
6.1
•
“Product Description” on page 29
•
“Features” on page 30
Product Description
The JAI TM-1327GE is a high-speed progressive scan CCD camera. The interline-type CCD permits full
vertical and horizontal resolution of very high speed shutter images and applications. The electronic
shutter, which has speeds to 1/16,000 second, can be reset asynchronously by external pulse
control. The frame rate for a full image is 30 fps, with partial scan mode of up to 1 line. A 2:1 ratio
imager format with uniform square pixels provides superior image definition in any orientation.
The TM-1327GE has a full dynamic range control function, which can be set at externally selectable
look-up table (LUT) knee slopes to convert 10-bit input to 8-bit output, thereby optimizing the
CCD’s full dynamic range in the normal output signal range.
Applications for the TM-1327GE include machine vision, medical imaging, intelligent transportation
systems, high-definition graphics, on-line inspection, gauging, character reading, archiving, and high
security surveillance.
The TM-1327GE series consists of the TM-1327GE (monochrome) and the TMC-1327GE (color). Unless
otherwise noted, all information contained in thIs manual is relevant to both models.
6.2
Features
The TM-1327GE has the following features:
• Miniature size and light weight
The printed circuit boards in the TM-1327GE have been arranged to create modular electronics,
giving the camera flexibility. In addition, the use of miniature solid-state components results in a
compact, lightweight camera that is 50.8mm x 50.8mm x 83.5mm in dimensions, and weighs only
140 grams.
• Imager
The TM-1327GE uses a progressive scan interline transfer CCD that has the following features:
− Resolution of 1392 x 1040 active pixels for excellent image quality.
− 6.45 x 6.45 μm square pixels for precise dimensional measurement.
− High-speed electronic shutter capability for high dynamic resolution of moving objects
that eliminates the need for a mechanical shutter.
− Progressive scan CCD eliminates interlace deterioration of image and increases ease of
computer interface.
Hardware Introduction
29
TM/ RM-1327GE Series
− High sensitivity and low noise at fast scanning. The CCD has an excellent S/N ratio at the
default setting greater than 51dB.
• Electronic shutter
The TM-1327GE has a substrate drain-type shutter mechanism which provides superb pictures at
various speeds without smearing. For more information, refer to Section 8.3, “Electronic Shutter,”
on page 41.
• Asynchronous reset
The TM-1327GE captures asynchronous reset images and provides single-shot video output with
single FDV. This makes it simpler for an ordinary frame grabber to capture the asynchronous reset
images. The TM-1327GE’s asynchronous reset is flexible and accepts external horizontal drive (HD)
for phase locking. When the VINIT (5V) pulse is applied to CC1, it resets the camera's scanning and
purging of the CCD.
The TM-1327GE has three modes to control the asynchronous reset and shutter speed:
− Async, no shutter. The video signal and FDV are reset by external VINIT.
− Async direct shutter. The shutter speed control depends on the number of horizontal lines
controlled through the serial commands.
− External VINIT with pulse width. The duration between pulse edges controls the shutter
speed externally.
• Output
The TM-1327GE has a 10-bit/8-bit Gigabit Ethernet output. The analog output is 714 mV p-p
composite video (75 ohms) on all models.
• Warranty
Contact your factory representative for details about the warranty.
30
Hardware Introduction
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
7
Installation
The following instructions will help you to set up your camera quickly and easily. JAI suggests that
you read through these instructions first, before you unpack and set up your camera system.
7.1
Getting Started
7.1.1
Unpacking Instructions
JAI recommends that you save the original packing cartons for the cameras and accessories in case
you need to return or exchange an item.
We also recommend that you bench-test any equipment being sent to another location for field
installation to assure that everything is fully operational as a system.
7.1.2
Components
When you receive your TM-1327GE camera from JAI, the contents of the shipping box should include
the camera and a document download card. If either of these items are missing, contact your JAI
representative immediately. The document download card includes instructions and web locations
for downloading the datasheet, manual, and camera-control software. If you do not have Internet
access, contact JAI to receive this material on a CD-ROM.
7.1.3
Accessories and Options
The following additional accessories and options may be required for your application:
•
PD-12U series power supply
•
12P-02S power cable
• Cat5e or cat6 shielded Ethernet cable (not supplied by JAI)
Check with your JAI representative before you install your camera to determine what you might
need.
7.2
Camera Setup
7.2.1
Heat Dissipation
The TM-1327GE is a compact camera. Since all the electronics have been packed in a compact
package, the outer case of the camera can become hot because of heat dissipation. For optimal
performance, JAI recommends using a cooling fan to set up a positive air flow around the camera
and following the precautions below.
•
Mount the camera on a large heat sink (camera bracket) made out of a heat-conductive
material like aluminum.
•
Make sure the flow of heat from the camera case to the bracket is not blocked by a nonconductive material like plastic.
• Make sure the camera has enough open space around it to facilitate the free flow of air.
Contact JAI at (800) 445-5444 or send an E-mail to camerasales.americas@jai.com if you have any
questions.
7.2.2
Connector Pin Configurations
The TM-1327GE has a 12-pin Hirose connector for power input and signal integration as shown in
Figure 24.
Hardware Installation
31
TM/ RM-1327GE Series
Figure 26. 12-Pin Connector Pinouts
Pin #1 is Ground and pin #2 is +12V DC. Table 6 shows the pin-out table.
Table 6
12-Pin Connector
Pin
Description
Pin
Description
1
GND
7
VD in
2
+12V DC
8
Strobe
3
GND (analog)
9
HD in
4
Video out
10
Reserved
5
GND (digital)
11
Reserved
6
VINIT in
12
Reserved
The GigE socket, marked on the camera’s back panel as “GigE,” is a standard
RJ-45 Ethernet socket as shown in Figure 25.
Figure 27. GigE Ethernet Connector
Use at least cat5e UTP cables (cat6 cables are preferred). Refer to the Cam2Net User’s Manual for
details. JAI recommends the use of shielded cables to reduce emissions and for CE/FCC compliance.
Double-shielded cables further reduce emissions.
7.2.3
Power Supplies and Power Cable Setup
Power Supplies
The TM-1327GE camera requires 12V DC power obtained through the 12-pin connector located on
the rear panel of the camera. JAI recommends the following power supplies:
32
PD-12UU
100-240V AC/12V DC
1.2A universal voltage power supply,
US Plug
PD-12UUP
PD-12UU with12-pin connector
US plug
PD-12UE
PD-12UU
European plug
PD-12UEP
PD-12UU with 12-pin connector
European plug
Hardware Installation
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
If you are providing power through the 12-pin connector, the PD-12P, PD-12UEP and PD-12UUP
power supplies are available with the 12-pin mating connector already attached to the leads from
the power supply. You can connect the PD-12UU and PD-12UE power supplies to the JAI power cable
using a terminal strip or directly.
When wiring the PD-12UU and PD-12UE power supplies directly, note the following:
•
Twist the lead ends together and tin-solder for strength and electrical continuity.
•
Use shrink tubing or a similar insulator to prevent exposed leads from touching and shorting.
•
The +12V lead is marked with a red stripe or white lettering; be sure not to reverse the leads.
• Make sure all connections are properly insulated to prevent shorting.
JAI Power Cables
If you are using JAI power cables, such as the 12P-02S, refer to the Figure 26 which shows the cable
pin-out diagram and pinouts. The color-coded leads use Gray for Ground and Yellow for +12V.
Figure 28. 12P-02S Interface Cable (optional)
12P-02S Interface Cable
Pin#
Lead Color
Function
Pin#
Lead Color
Function
1
Gray
GND
7
Black coax
TTL IN (EXT_VD)
2
Yellow
+12V DC
8
White coax shield
TTL OUT (STROBE)
3
Red coax shield
AGND
9
White coax
TTL IN (EXT_HD)
4
Red coax
VIDEO
10
Brown
RESV
5
Orange coax shield
GND
11
Blue
RESV
6
Orange coax
TTL IN (EXT_TRIG)
12
Black coax shield
RESV
Note: Make sure that the unused leads are not touching and that there is no possibility that exposed
wires could cause the leads to short.
Building Your Own Power Cable
Refer to the 12-pin connector pin-out in Figure 26 on page 34. Connect the Ground lead to pin #1,
and the +12V DC lead to pin #2 of the 12-pin connector. Power must be DC-regulated, and of
sufficient current to properly power the camera.
Attaching the Power Cable to the Connector
The 12-pin connector is keyed and will only fit in one orientation. To properly attach the power
cable to the camera connector, use the following steps:
1. Rotate the connector while applying slight pressure until the keyways line up.
2. Press the connector into place until firmly seated.
3. Plug the power cord into the 100V AC socket. This powers up the camera.
Hardware Installation
33
TM/ RM-1327GE Series
7.2.4
Attaching the Camera Lens
The TM-1327GE camera accepts 2/3” or larger format size C-mount lenses. To attach the C-mount
lens12 to the camera, carefully engage the threads and rotate the lens clockwise until it firmly seats
on the mounting ring. Do not force the lens if it does not seat properly.
Note: Some lenses with extremely long flangebacks may exceed the mounting depth of the camera.
7.2.5
Adjustable Back-Focus
Before cameras are shipped, back focus is carefully set using a collimator, oscilloscope and other
specialized equipment. While the factory-set focus serves well in most cases, an adjustable back
focus makes it possible to improve image sharpness when using lower-cost zoom lenses, custom
optics, or in unusual parameters.
There should be an obvious need to refocus the lens before attempting to change the back focus.
This is a very exacting task. Some cameras have been returned to the factory to reset the back
focus after failed attempts to change the focus by customers. It might be wise to label cameras
whose back focus was adjusted
1. The camera must be connected to a monitor before attempting to adjust the back focus.
2. To back focus the camera, first attach a C-mount lens in the mount. Be certain that the lens is
properly seated.
3. Next set the lens focus to infinity (if the lens is a manual iris, set the iris to a high f number
while still retaining a well illuminated image).
4. Loosen the three miniature hex set-screws (use a 0.9 mm hex wrench) that lock the focus ring
in place (two screws for a CS-mount). Slowly turn the lens and focus ring assembly back and
forth until you obtain the best image of the desired object. This sets the back focus. Once the
best image is obtained, tighten the focus ring set-screws until they are snug. Do not overtighten the screws.
Note: Mini-bayonet cameras adapted to C-mount do not have the back focus feature.
Figure 29. Back-Focus Set-Screw Locations
2
C-mount to F-mount and C-mount to K-mount adapters are available for larger format lenses (35mm). Check with local
photography dealers for these lens adapters.
34
Hardware Installation
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
8
Operation
This chapter contains information about performing operational procedures. It contains the
following sections:
8.1
•
“Progressive Scanning” on page 37
•
“Electronic Shutter” on page 41
•
“External Sync” on page 42
•
“Asynchronous Reset” on page 42
•
“Programmable Look-Up Table (LUT) and Knee Control” on page 45
•
“Camera Timing Charts” on page 46
•
“Video Output” on page 48
•
“External HD Locking and External VD Reset” on page 49
•
“Asynchronous Reset” on page 49
Progressive Scanning
Standard TV-system scanning is 525 lines interlace scanning as specified in the RS-170 protocol.
Every other horizontal line (odd lines and even lines) is scanned at a 60Hz rate per field, and the
scanning is completed with two fields (one frame) at 30Hz rate. Because of the interlace scanning,
the vertical resolution of CCD cameras is limited at 350 TV lines, regardless of the horizontal
resolution. When electronic shutter is applied, the CCD can hold only one field of charge at each
exposure. This means that the vertical resolution of the electronic shutter camera is only 244 TV
lines. The situation is the same for an HDTV-format camera, since it has interlaced scanning and the
vertical resolution of the shuttered image is 500 lines.
The TM-1327GE uses a state-of-the-art progressive scanning interline transfer CCD which scans all
lines sequentially from top to bottom at one frame rate. Like a non-interlace computer screen, it
generates a stable, crisp image without alternating lines and provides full vertical TV resolution of
1040 lines.
The interline transfer architecture is also important to generate simultaneous shuttering. This is
different from full frame transfer architecture, which requires a mechanical shutter or strobe light
in order to freeze the object motion.
The TM-1327GE outputs the progressive scanned image with an electronic shutter in two different
formats.
8.2
•
Progressive scanning digital - The CCD signal goes through A/D converters 10-bit in, 10-bit/8-bit
out. The digital output is available using the Gigabit Ethernet connector.
•
Analog output - The analog output is the same as 75 ohms, 714mV format available from BNC
and 12-pin connector.
Bayer Color Filter (Color Versions)
JAI AccuPiXEL series color cameras are high-resolution, high-speed progressive scan CCD cameras.
The interline transfer, progressive scan CCD permits full vertical and horizontal resolution of images
acquired at very high shutter speeds. The electronic shutter, which has speeds to 1/16,000 sec., can
be reset asynchronously by external pulse control. Uniform square pixels provide superior image
definition in any orientation. On-chip micro lenses mean increased sensitivity.
8.2.1
Color Filter Array
JAI AccuPiXEL cameras use Bayer CFA (color filter array) as their standard primary color filter. This
filter provides the most popular color interpolation supported by numerous software suppliers.
Hardware Operation
35
TM/ RM-1327GE Series
The digital format allows the camera to output accurate pixel data, including the color information.
When the data is stored in the frame buffer of a frame grabber or computer, the color information
is easily manipulated to restore the original color images. Because the color filter array contains
only a single R, G or B color in each pixel, the restored image has to fill in colors in the missing pixel
locations. The software uses neighboring pixel information to “guess” the missing colors to make
smooth, clear images. This is called “color interpolation.” Today’s high-speed computers allow such
color interpolation to be done almost in real time. Because these cameras do not contain internal
color processing circuitry, they are smaller and less expensive than full-function color cameras.
8.2.2
Bayer Color Filter Array (CFA)
The Bayer CFA is an R, G, B primary color filter array. This is the most widely accepted CFA for the
single-chip CCD progressive scan format. This type of array layout has a specific order for each
color’s pixels. Since the human eye’s resolution and color recognition are highest at green, the CFA
contains two greens per each red and blue.
It is critical for the frame grabber and color interpolation to know where the individual color pixels
exist relative to sync (LDV and FDV) timing.
This requirement makes digital output the preferred choice, because the timing relationships are
very accurate.
8.2.3
Starting Pixel Configuration
All manufacturers produce identical Bayer CFAs, but there are slight differences between the CCDs
produced by different manufacturers. The first line is generally R and G. The camera timing can be
adjusted to start with either G or R by skipping the very first pixels at each line. The majority of
color interpolation software can select between a variety of pixel relations, such as R/G start or
G/R start, as well as G/B start and B/G start. Once the correct scanning is configured, the rest of
the interpolation will be exactly the same. Please contact JAI for further information regarding CCD
manufacturers.
36
Hardware Operation
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
Figure 30. Example of Color CCD CFA Pattern
8.2.4
Sync and Data
The individual color data is exactly the same as the pixel data. This means that the timing
relationships of the color cameras are also the same as of the B/W cameras.
For a detailed timing chart, please refer to each B/W camera’s data sheet and manual.
The following diagram is an example of the TMC-1327GE default mode. FDV and LDV are used
internally for the GigE interface.
Hardware Operation
37
TM/ RM-1327GE Series
Figure 31. Example of TMC-1327GE in Default Mode
8.2.5
Camera Functions
AccuPiXEL color cameras perform all functions the same way as B/W cameras. However, because of
color characteristics, the LUT (Look-up Table) is different. The LUT is a powerful tool to adjust the
dynamic range as well as color dynamic range. Since human color perception is non-linear, LUT
selection can help optimize color contrast by selecting the LUT value. Gamma 0.45 is logarithmic
and is closed to human perception.
When LUT is selected, black-level adjustment must be more accurate than for B/W cameras.
For a detailed timing chart, please refer to the standard AccuPiXEL camera data sheet, or contact
JAI.
8.2.6
Interpolation Software
The color interpolation can be performed in the frame grabber or by using the host computer’s CPU.
Most major frame grabbers with processing capability provide tools for color interpolation. Software
vision packages also provide color interpolation capability, but speed and performance may be
determined by the PC’s resources and by the complexity of the interpolation routine. 8.2.7 Color
Interpolation The Bayer pattern color filter array (CFA) consists of R, G, and B primary colors. Each
pixel represents one of three colors. In order to display or print color images, the signal has to be
converted to RGB output, which has three independent channels (outputs) and sync signals.
Color interpolation software or firmware performs the color preprocessing by
filling the missing color pixels with neighboring pixels. It then separates the
stream of data, (8-bit or 10-bit) into 3 (RGB) data (8-bit x 3) and adds the color
matrix to adjust and balance each of the R,G, and B channels (white balance or
color balance).
38
Hardware Operation
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
The image quality depends on the camera’s own pixel data (including pixel data independency from
neighboring pixels, noise and color filter), and interpolation of the software algorithm such as 3 x 3
interpolation, 2 x 2 interpolation, color matrix, white balance capability, etc.
All AccuPiXEL color cameras are carefully designed for maximum color performance. JAI strongly
suggests that you use digital output for the best performance.
Some software is used on board (FPGA or DSP) to perform the interpolation. Other software simply
uses the host computer’s memory and CPU. The process speed may vary depending on the
architecture and speed of the computer.
8.3
Electronic Shutter
The TM-1327GE has a substrate drain-type shutter mechanism which provides a superb picture at
various speeds without smearing. A built-in flexible shutter speed control selects the electronic
shutter rate from 1/30 to 1/21,000.
With VINIT high (CC1), the CCD keeps discharging. With an active low pulse to VINIT, the camera
resets and purges the charge momentarily. Then it starts integrating for the period of shutter
control set by either an external pulse width or internal shutter control. Progressive scanning
permits a full 1040 lines of vertical resolution, as compared to a conventional CCD camera which
captures only half the vertical lines per shutter.
8.4
External Sync
The TM-1327GE accepts an external synchronization of standard HD and VD on CC3 and CC4 of the
Gigabit Ethernet connector for general locking to an external source. The tolerance is ±2%
horizontal frequency.
8.5
Asynchronous Reset
The TM-1327GE camera includes the following modes to control the asynchronous reset and shutter
speed:
•
Async No Shutter (recommended for strobe applications)
•
Async Direct Shutter
•
External VINIT with Pulse Width (No-Delay Shutter)
8.5.1
Async No Shutter
Async No Shutter allows for strobe and back-to-back strobing (strobing both before the transfer gate
and right after) applications as shown in Figure 30.
Figure 32. Async No Shutter
Hardware Operation
39
TM/ RM-1327GE Series
8.5.2
Internal Direct Shutter Speed Control
Figure 33. Internal Direct Shutter Speed Control
The video signal starts with internal VINIT. When the external VINIT pulse is applied, internal VINIT
is latched to HD and the internal VINIT is delayed to set up the shutter speed period. The shutter
speed is controlled by communication software. Video output timing starts right after the internal
VINIT and single shots, FDV is output at the internal VINIT timing.
8.5.3
External VINIT With Pulse Width (No-Delay Shutter)
For multiple-camera applications such as 2D or 3D measurement and multi-angle inspection,
simultaneous image capturing at an exact shutter timing for all cameras is a critical requirement.
The TM-1327’s asynchronous pulse-width control mode provides no-delay shutter (Figure 32) as
standard. Regardless of the internal pulse timing, the camera discharges at the VINIT leading edge
and transfers charges at the trailing edge of the pulse. Even though each camera runs with slightly
different H and data clock timing, the image capturing is exactly simultaneous.
40
Hardware Operation
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
Figure 34. No-Delay Shutter
8.5.4
Async Direct Shutter
Async Direct Shutter exposure is determined by a direct shutter value entered from 1 to 1040. The
shutter value equals 1.5H (horizontal line time) or 47.6 μsec. for each increment. The Async Direct
Shutter exposure timing functions exactly the same as the internal shutter speed control. Async
Direct Shutter is controlled by GigE camera acquisition software and sent serially through an
Ethernet cable to the camera. The GUI interface that controls Async Direct Shutter exposure is
illustrated in Figure 33 below.
Figure 35. Async Direct Shutter
[screen shot]
8.6
Programmable Look-Up Table (LUT) and Knee Control
The TM-1327GE has a built-in LUT (look-up table) for dynamic range control. At a specific gain
setting, the offset (minimum level.... dark point) and A/D reference top voltage (maximum level...
saturation point) are set to 10-bit A/D input so that the full dynamic range of the CCD is utilized at
10-bit references as the input and the LUT output is converted into 8-bit to adjust the gamma
correction. Notice that the LUT (look-up table) is not available in the 10-bit grayscale mode.
The look-up table has two knee points (variable gamma selection) that allow the 10-bit input to be
segmented into three regions. The look-up table selection can be made by knee curve direct input.
Hardware Operation
41
TM/ RM-1327GE Series
8.7
42
Camera Timing Charts
Hardware Operation
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
Hardware Operation
43
TM/ RM-1327GE Series
8.8
Video Output
Table 7
Video Output (Horizontal Timing)
Horizontal Timing
Table 8
Number of pixels
30fps (μs)
A
1741
31.65
B
349
6.35
C
1392
25.31
D
0
0
E
0
0
F
61
1.11
G
61
1.11
H
364
4.44
Video Output (Vertical Timing)
Vertical Timing
Full Scan Area
User Scan Area (SP:x, TL:y)
Number of lines
30fps (μs)
Number of lines
30fps (μs)
J
1053
33332.24
(nfp+8)+nrp+y
((nfp+8)+nrp+y)*31.65
K
13
411.17
(nfp+11)+nrp
((nfp+8)+nrp)*31.65
L
1040
32920.73
y
y*31.65
M
0
0
0
0
N
0
0
0
0
P
3
94.96
nrp+3
(nrp+3)*32.65
Q
3
94.96
3
94.96
R
7
221.58
nfp+2
(nfp+2)*32.65
Where
8.9
External HD Locking and External VD Reset
Table 9
External HD Locking and External VD Reset (Horizontal Timing)
Horizontal Timing
44
Number of pixels
30fps (μs)
eA
<1
<0.02
eB
160
2.91
eC
1448
28.75
eD
15
0.27
Hardware Operation
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
Table 10
External HD Locking and External VD Reset (Vertical Timing)
Vertical Timing
Full Scan Area
Number of lines
User Scan Area (SP:x, TL:y)
30fps (μs)
Number of lines
30fps (μs)
eE
<1
<31.65
<1
<31.65
eF
9
284.89
9
284.89
eG
1044
33047.34
(nfp+2)+nrp+y
((nfp+2)+nrp+y)*31.65
eH
0
0
0
0
8.10 Asynchronous Reset
Table 11
Asynchronous Reset
(L: lines)
(P: pixels)
Table 12
30 fps
(μs)
aA
<1L
<31.65
aB
9L + 960P
302.34
aC
160P
2.91
aD
9L
284.89
Asynchronous Direct Shutter and Pulse-Width Control
Asynchronous Direct Shutter
(ADS=n)
Pulse-Width Control (Pulse
Width=z)
(L: lines)
(P: pixels)
30 fps (μs)
(L: lines)
30 fps (μs)
aE
<1L
<31.65
<10P
<0.18
aF
53P
0.96
53P
0.96
aG
(n+1)L+960P
(n+1)*31.65+17.45
z+960P
z+17.45
aH
K-1
(K-1)*31.65
K-1 to K
(K-1 to K)*31.65
Hardware Operation
45
TM/ RM-1327GE Series
9
Troubleshooting
9.1
Problems and Solutions
This section contains troubleshooting tips for common problems. Generally, problems can easily be
solved by following these instructions. If the following remedies fail to offer a solution to your
problems, contact a JAI representative.
9.1.1
Symptom: No Video
Remedies: Check that the following are properly connected and operational.
•
Power supplies
•
Power cables
•
Main power source
•
Shutter control
•
Async mode
•
Lens
•
Digital output cable
•
Analog video cable
9.1.2
Symptom: Dark Video
Remedies: Check that the following are properly connected and operational.
•
Shutter selection
•
Iris opening on the lens
9.1.3
Symptom: Non-Synchronized Video
Remedies: Check that the following are properly connected and operational.
9.2
•
Proper mode output
•
Frame grabber software camera selection
Information and Support Resources
For further information and support:
Phone:
(408) 383-0300
(800) 445-5444
Fax:(408) 383-0301
E-mail:
camerasales.americas@jai.com
Mail:
JAI, Inc. Sales Department
625 River Oaks Parkway
San Jose, CA 95134
ATTN: Video Applications
Web Site:
46
www.jai.com
Troubleshooting
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
10 Appendix
10.1 Specifications
Table 13
TM-1327GE Camera Specifications Table
Feature
TM-1327GE
Imager
2/3” progressive scan interline transfer CCD
Active Area
8.98mm x 6.71mm
Active Pixels
1392 (H) x 1040 (V)
Cell Size
6.45?m x 6.45?m
Display Mode
(Active Pixels)
1392 (H) x 1040 (V) @ 30 Hz
Sync
Internal/External auto switch
VD=30.00 Hz±5%, non-interlace
HD=31.59kHz±5%
Data Clock Output
55.00 MHz
Resolution
Digital: 1392 (H) x 1040 (V)
S/N Ratio
52dB min.
Min. Illumination
Monochrome = 0.02 lux; Color = 0.6 lux
f = 1.4 (no shutter) @ 30 fps
Video Output
Analog: 714 mV, 75 ohms, (750 mV white clip)
Digital output: Gigabit Ethernet (8- or 10-bit selectable)
Gamma
Programmable LUT (1.0 std.)
Lens Mount
C-mount (use >2/3” format lenses or larger)
Power Requirement
12V DC ±10%, 430mA (typical at 25°C)
Operating Temp.
-10°C to 50°C*
Vibration
7 Grms (10 Hz to 2000 Hz) Random
Shock
70G, 11 ms half sine
Size (W x H x L)
50.8mm x 50.8mm x 84.8mm
Weight
211.7 grams (7.5 oz.) without tripod
Optional Functions
OP 3-1, internal IR filter;
OP 3-2, optical filter removal;
Optional Accessories
Power Cable
Power Supply
12P-02S
PD-12UUP series (includes power connector)
*. Refer to Section 7.2.1 on page 32 for information on camera heat dissipation. Image quality
degrades with increasing temperature.
Specifications
47
TM/ RM-1327GE Series
10.1.1 TM-1327GE Physical Dimensions
Figure 36. Physical Dimensions
48
Specifications
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
10.1.2 Spectral Response
Figure 37. Spectral Response
Specifications
49
TM/ RM -1327GE Series
Europe, Middle East & Africa
Phone +45 4457 8888
Fax +45 4491 8880
Asia Pacific
Phone +81 45 440 0154
Fax +81 45 440 0166
Americas
Phone (Toll-Free) 1 800 445-5444
Phone +1 408 383-0301
www.jai.com