Contents Introduction

Contents
Introduction
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
E.Z.N.A.® Viral DNA Kit provides a rapid and easy method for the isolation of viral
DNA from plasma, serum, and other cell-free body fluids. Samples can be either fresh
or frozen, provided that they have not been frozen and thawed more than once. The
kit allows single or multiple, simultaneous processing of samples in under 20 minutes.
There is no need for phenol/chloroform extractions, and time-consuming steps such
as CsCl gradient ultracentrifugation, and precipitation with isopropanol or ethanol,
are eliminated. DNA purified using the E.Z.N.A® Viral DNA method is ready for
applications such as PCR, viral detection, and genotyping.
Storage and Stability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Binding Capacity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Kit Contents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Before Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
A. Viral DNA Spin Protocol.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
B. Viral DNA Vacuum Protocol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Determination of Yield and Quality.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
E.Z.N.A.® Viral DNA Kit uses the reversible nucleic acid-binding properties of HiBind®
matrix, combined with the speed of mini-column spin technology. A specifically
formulated buffer system allows viral DNA bind to the matrix. Samples are first
lysed under denaturing conditions and then applied to the HiBind® DNA spin columns
to which DNA binds, while cellular debris, hemoglobin, and other proteins are
effectively washed away. High quality DNA is finally eluted in sterile deionized water
or low salt buffer.
Troubleshooting Guide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Storage and Stability
All components of the E.Z.N.A.® Viral DNA Kit should be stored at 22oC-25oC OB
Protease should be stored at 15oC-25oC. Under these conditions, DNA has successfully
been purified and used for PCR after 24 months of storage. Under cool ambient
conditions, a precipitate may form in the Buffer BL. In case of such an event, heat
the bottle at 37oC to dissolve. Store Buffer BL at room temperature.
Expiration Date: All E.Z.N.A.® Viral DNA Kit components are guaranteed for at least
24 months from the date of purchase when stored at 22-25oC.
Binding Capacity
Each HiBind ® column can bind approximately 30 ìg DNA.
P age 2 of 8
Kit Contents
A. Spin Protocol: Purification of Viral DNA from Plasma or Serum
Product No.
D3892-00
D3892-01
D3892-02
5 Preps
50 Preps
200 Preps
5
50
200
15
150
600
Buffer BL
5 ml
20 ml
60 ml
Buffer HB
5 ml
30 ml
110 ml
Linear Acrylamide (5mg/ml)
25 ìl
250 ìl
900 ìl
DNA Wash Buffer Concentrate
5 ml
20 ml
3 x 20 ml
Elution Buffer
5 ml
40 ml
160 ml
OB Protease
150 ìl
600 ìl
2.4 ml
User Manual
1
1
1
Purification times
HiBind™ DNA Mini columns
2 ml Collection Tubes
Buffer B L contains a chaotropic salt. U se
gloves and protective eyeware when handling
this solution.
Before Starting
IM PO RTANT
DNA Wash Buffer Concentrate must be diluted with
absolute ethanol (96-100%) as follows:
D3892-00
Add 20 ml absolute ethanol
D3892-01
Add 80 ml absolute ethanol
D3892-02
Add 80 ml absolute ethanol per bottle
Store diluted DNA Wash Buffer at room temperature
M aterials and equipm ents Supplied by User
#
#
#
#
NOTE: The procedure below has been optimized for use with FRESH or FROZEN
Plasma or Serum samples from1 to 250 ìl in volume. Other Cell-free samples can
also be used. For DNA extraction from Blood, we suggest using the E.Z.N.A.® Blood
DNA Kit (product number D3392). To isolate viral RNA from serum or other noncellular body fluids use E.Z.N.A.® Viral RNA Kit.
Bring samples and OB Protease solution to room temperature and have a water bath
equilibrated to 65oC. Preheat an aliquot of Elution Buffer (approximately 0.5 ml per
sample) at 65oC. Carry out all centrifugation steps at room temperature.
1.
Add sample to a sterile microcentrifuge tube and bring the volume up to 250
ìl with 10 mM Tris-HCl, PBS, or Elution Buffer provided.
2.
Add 10 ìl OB Protease and 250 ìl of Buffer BL. Add 4ìl of Linear Acrylamide to
250 ìl Buffer BL. Vortex at maxi speed for 15s to mix thoroughly. If RNA-free
genomic DNA is required, add 2ìl RNase A (50mg/ml) to each sample.
3.
Incubate sample at 65oC for 10 min.
4.
Briefly vortex the tube once during incubation.
5.
Add 260 ìl of absolute ethanol (room temperature, 96-100%) to lysate and
vortex at maxi speed for 20s to mix thoroughly. Briefly centrifuge the tube to
collect any drops from the inside of the lid.
6.
Assemble an HiBind® DNA Mini column in a 2 ml collection tube (provided).
Transfer the lysate from step 5 into the column and centrifuge at 8,000 x g for
1 min to bind DNA. Discard the collection tube and flow-through liquid.
7.
Place the column into a second 2 ml tube (provided) and wash by pipetting
500 ìl of Buffer HB. Centrifuge at 8,000 x g for 1 min. Again, Discard flowthrough liquid and reuse the collection tube for next step.
8.
Place the column into a same 2 ml tube from step 7 and wash by pipetting 700
All centrifugation steps m ust be carried out at room tem perature.
P age 3 of 8
Tabletop microcentrifuge and sterile 1.5 ml tubes.
Water bath - set to 65oC.
Ethanol - approximately 0.3 ml per sample.
RNase A - Prepare a stock solution of RNase A at 50 mg/ml.
P age 4 of 8
ìl of DNA Wash Buffer diluted with ethanol. Centrifuge at 8,000 x g for 1 min.
Again, dispose of collection tube and flow-through liquid.
Note that DNA Wash Buffer is provided as a concentrate and must be diluted
with absolute ethanol as indicated on the bottle or page 3. If refrigerated,
the diluted wash buffer must be brought to room temperature before use.
9.
Using a new collection tube, wash the column with a second 700 ìl of DNA
Wash Buffer and centrifuge as above. Discard flow-through and re-use the
collection tube for next step.
10. Place the empty column into the same 2 ml collection tube form step 9,
centrifuge at maximum speed (15,000 x g) for 2 min to dry the column. This
step is crucial for ensuring optimal elution in the following step.
B. Vacuum Protocol: Purification of Viral DNA from Plasma or Serum
Material and equipments supplied by user
#
Tabletop microcentrifuge and sterile 1.5 ml tubes
#
Vacuum Manifold
#
Water bath - set to 65oC
#
Ethanol -approximately 0.3 ml per sample.
#
RNase A - Prepare a stock solution of RNase A at 50mg/ml.
1.
Prepare the lysate by following step 1-5 of Protocol A, Spin protocol on page
4.
2.
Insert the HiBind® DNA Mini column into the vacuum manifold. Carefully apply
the lysate to an HiBind® DNA column. Turn on the vacuum source to draw all
liquid through the column. Turn off the vacuum.
11. Place the column into a sterile 1.5 ml microfuge tube and add 50-100 ìl of
preheated (65o C) Elution Buffer. Allow tubes to sit for 5 min at room
temperature.
Note: If the lysate has difficulty to pass through the column at this stage. Place
the column into a collection tube (supplied). Close the lid and centrifuge at
8000 x g for 5 minutes or until all liquid pass through the column. Place the
column into another collection tube (supplied) and continue step 7 of the spin
protocol.
12. To elute DNA from the column, centrifuge at 8,000 x g for 1 min. Retain flowthrough containing the DNA. Place column into a second 1.5 ml tube. Elute
DNA again as step 11-12. Discard column and store the eluted DNA at -20EC.
Note: Each elution typically yields 60%-70% of the DNA bound to the column.
Thus two elution generally give >90%. However, increasing elution volume
reduces the concentration of the final product. To obtain DNA at higher
concentrations, elution can be carried out using 15 ìl to 50 ìl Elution Buffer.
Volumes lower than 15 ìl greatly reduce yields. Alternatively use the first
eluate to perform the second elution.
If necessary the DNA can be concentrated. Add sodium chloride to a final
concentration of 0.1 M followed by 2 x volume of absolute (100%) ethanol. Mix
well and incubate at -20oC for 10 min. Centrifuge at 10,000 x g for 15 min and
discard supernatant. Add 700 ìl of 80% ethanol and centrifuge at 10,000 x g for
2 min. Discard supernatant, air dry the pellet (2 min) and resuspend DNA in
20 ìl sterile deionized water or 10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.
P age 5 of 8
3.
Pipet 500 ìl of Buffer HB into the column. Turn on the vacuum source to draw
all liquid through the column. Turn off the vacuum.
4.
Wash the column by pipetting 750 ìl of DNA Wash Buffer diluted with ethanol
into the column. Turn on the vacuum source to draw all liquid through the
column. Turn off the vacuum.
5.
Close the lid of HiBind® DNA column, remove it from the vacuum manifold.
Insert the column into a collection tube (supplied) and centrifuge at 15,000 x
g for 2 minute to completely dry the column.
6.
Elute DNA as Step 11-12 on page 5.
P age 6 of 8
Determination of Yield and Quality
Problem
The total DNA yield can be determined by a spectrophotometer using deionized
water, Tris-HCl buffer, or Elution Buffer as blank. Dilute the DNA in TE buffer and
calculate concentration as:
[DNA] = (Absorbance260) x (0.05 ìg/ìl) x (Dilution factor)
Possible Cause
Suggestions
Im proper w ashing
W ash Buffer Concentrate m ust be
diluted w ith absolute (100%) ethanol
as specified on page 5 before use.
Low A 2 6 0 /A 2 8 0
Extended
Resin from the colum n m ay be
ratio
centrifugation during
present in eluate. Avoid
elution step.
centrifugation at speeds higher than
specified. The m aterial can be
The quality of DNA can be assessed by measuring absorbance at both 260 nm and at
280 nm. A ratio of (A260/A280) of 1.7-1.9 corresponds to 85%-95% purity.
rem oved from the eluate by
centrifugation — it w ill not interfere
w ith PCR or restriction digests.
Poor cell lysis due to
Repeat the procedure, this tim e
incom plete m ixing
m aking sere to vortex the sam ple
w ith Buffer BL
w ith Buffer BL im m ediately and
com pletely.
Troubleshooting Guide
Hem oglobin rem ains
After application of sam ple to
on colum n
colum n, w ash once w ith 300 ìl Buffer
AL.
Problem
Clogged Colum n
Possible Cause
Incom plete lysis
Suggestions
N o DN A eluted
Add the correct volum e of Buffer BL
M ix thoroughly w ith Buffer BL prior to
im proper m ixing w ith
loading HiBind™ colum n.
Buffer BL.
and incubate for specified tim e at
Sam ple too large
Poor cell lysis due to
70 o C. It m ay be necessary to extend
Absolute ethanol not
Before applying sam ple to colum n, an
incubation tim e by 10 m in.
added to Buffer BL.
aliquot of Buffer BL/ethanol m ust be
added. See protocol above.
If using m ore than 250 ìl of sam ples,
N o DN A eluted
increase volum es of O B
No ethanol added to
Dilute W ash Buffer w ith the indicated
Protease/Proteinase K, Buffer BL,
W ash Buffer
volum e of absolute ethanol before
and absolute ethanol. Pass aliquots of
Concentrate.
use.
W ashing leaves
Incom plete lysis due
Buffer BL is viscous and the sam ple
colored residue in
to im proper m ixing
m ust be m ixed thoroughly.
lysate through one colum n
successively.
Sam ple too viscous
Divide sam ple into m ultiple tubes,
colum n
w ith Buffer BL.
adjust volum e to 250 ìl w ith 10 m M
Tris-HCl.
Low DNA yield
No ethanol added to
Dilute W ash Buffer w ith the indicated
W ash Buffer
volum e of absolute ethanol before
Concentrate.
use.
Clogged colum n
See above
Poor elution
Repeat elution or increase elution
Eluted m aterial
Sam ple volum e too
Reduce sam ple volum e and follow
volum e (see note on page 4).
has red/brow n
large.
directions
Incubation of colum n at 70 o C for 5
color
m in w ith Elution Buffer m ay increase
Hem oglobin rem ains
After applying sam ple, w ash colum n
yields.
on colum n.
once w ith 300 ìl Buffer BL.
P age 7 of 8
P age 8 of 8