Littmann Electronic Stethoscope 3100 User Manual, English

Register your stethoscope at www.littmann.com
GB English ................................................................................................................pp. 1-19
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Introduction
Congratulations and thank you for choosing the 3M™ Littmann® Electronic Stethoscope Model 3100.
The Model 3100 brings you the very latest thinking in advanced auscultation technology and simplicity in operation.
The Model 3100’s combination of Ambient Noise Reduction technology, frictional noise dampening materials, state-of-theart amplification of both bell and diaphragm modes, and an all-new user interface takes you to the next level in acoustic
performance and ease of use.
Whether you are auscultating infant, pediatric or adult patients, in quiet or noisy environments, or picking up difficult-to-hear
heart and body sounds, you’ll appreciate all the technology that’s been built into this latest electronic stethoscope from the
Littmann® brand.
Hear it. With Confidence.
SAFETY INFORMATION
Please read, understand, and follow all safety information contained in these instructions prior to using this
electronic stethoscope. Retain these instructions for future reference.
Explanation of Safety Related Labels and Symbols
Indicates Type B Equipment: The equipment provides protection against electrical shock and electrical
current leakage. Applied parts are considered to be the complete chestpiece with diaphragm and
binaural.
Attention, see instruction for use.
IPX4
Protected against splashing liquid (chestpiece only).
This product contains electrical and electronic components and must not be disposed of using standard
refuse collection. Please consult local directives for disposal of electrical and electronic equipment.
Both product and packaging do not contain natural rubber latex.
AP
Indicates Category AP Equipment. Tested for use with flammable anesthetic mixture with air.
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GB English
3M™ Littmann® Electronic Stethoscope
Model 3100
With Ambient Noise Reduction
GB English
CAUTION:
Indicates a hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, could result in minor injury and/or
property damage.
The 3M Littmann® Electronic Stethoscope Model 3100 is designed to be used by anyone who wishes to listen to sounds as
described in the Intended Use section above. This manual provides complete information on how to operate the Model 3100
so that no additional operating training is required.
NOTICE:
Indicates a hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, may result in property damage.
Functional Description
CAUTION
•
To reduce the risks associated with infection follow all cleaning and disinfecting instructions included in this
manual. Establish and follow a cleaning and disinfecting schedule.
•
To reduce the risks associated with very strong electromagnetic fields avoid using the stethoscope near
strong radio frequency signals or portable and/or mobile RF devices. If you hear sudden or unexpected sounds,
move away from any radio transmitting antennas.
•
To reduce the risks associated with sharp edges make sure that the soft sealing eartips are snapped firmly
into position as shown in this manual. Use only Littmann replaceable eartips.
•
To reduce the risks associated with an incorrect result store and operate this stethoscope only as instructed
in this manual. As there is no acoustic (non-amplified) mode available with this stethoscope, replace the alkaline
battery within two hours of the battery life icon beginning to flash in the LCD display. Use only type AA batteries.
Also, do not immerse the stethoscope in a liquid or subject it to any sterilization processes.
•
Operator Profile
The Model 3100 electronic stethoscope picks up sounds, such as heart and lung sounds, from a patient’s body. After
amplification and filtering, the sounds are sent to the user through a binaural headset. The stethoscope chestpiece is
designed for use with adult, pediatric, and infant patients.
The user interface for the stethoscope includes a 5-button keypad and an LCD display. Sound processing is carried out
with the aid of a digital signal processor. Stethoscope power is provided by a single AA battery in the chestpiece. A power
management system is included to prolong battery life.
Serial Number
Each Littmann Electronic Stethoscope Model 3100 comes with a unique serial number for easy identification. Please record
your serial number in this manual for future reference: ________________________________
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE
1. Insert Battery
Insert AA battery (provided in package) into Stethoscope.
To reduce the risk associated with an electrical shock do not use the stethoscope on patients without the
stethoscope’s diaphragm cover in place.
1. Hold chestpiece in one hand while slightly twisting the battery cap
approximately 25º counter-clockwise. Remove battery cap.
NOTICE
•
To reduce the risks associated with environmental contamination follow applicable regulations when
disposing of this stethoscope. Properly dispose of, or recycle, spent batteries.
•
No modification of this equipment is allowed. Use only authorized 3M service personnel to repair this
stethoscope. Read, understand, and follow all the safety information on the battery package.
_
+
2. Insert new battery with positive end out (plus sign will be visible in the
battery compartment).
3. Remount battery cap, twisting cap approximately 25º clockwise until
locked.
Intended Use
The 3M Littmann® Electronic Stethoscope Model 3100 is intended for medical diagnostic purposes only. It may be used for
the detection and amplification of heart, lungs, arteries, veins and other internal organs with the use of selective frequency
ranges. It can be used on any person undergoing a physical assessment.
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4. Make sure the two marks are aligned.
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GB English
Explanation of Signal Word Consequences
2. Position Headset
Auto Off with Standby Feature: After manual turn-on, stethoscope will stay on during use, but switch to a powersaving “standby” mode after 20 seconds of inactivity. LCD display will display the Littmann® logo during standby
mode. When stethoscope diaphragm or any button is pressed, LCD display settings will reappear and stethoscope
will be ready to use. After two hours of non-use, the stethoscope will leave standby mode and fully power off. You
may customize on-time and off-time to meet your own personal needs. See Custom Configuration section below.
GB English
Your new Littmann Electronic Stethoscope is designed to give you a very comfortable,
acoustically sealed fit. It comes with two sizes of eartips to assure a perfect fit. The large
eartips are pre-installed. Smaller eartips are included in package. Please choose the set
that is most comfortable for you.
•
LCD Display Backlight: Backlight options are available for use at low ambient light conditions. By default,
depressing and releasing the power button at any time will illuminate the LCD display for five seconds.
5. Select Filter
To remove eartips, pull eartips firmly away from eartube. To apply new eartips, push eartip firmly onto eartube to secure.
This stethoscope comes equipped with both bell (low frequency) and diaphragm (high frequency) filters. The default setting is
the diaphragm filter. Instructions for changing the default filter setting are given in the Custom Configuration section below.
To select filter: Depress and release filter button (as shown in diagram) until desired filter mode appears on LCD display.
3. Adjust Headset for Comfort
To reduce spring tension in the headset, hold each eartube at the bend near the
eartips and gradually pull apart until fully extended (180 degrees).
Reduce Tension
6. Adjust Sound Amplification Level
To increase spring tension, grasp the headset with one hand where the metal eartubes enter the
plastic tubing, and squeeze until the plastic tubing on one eartube touches the other.
Repeat as necessary.
The Model 3100 sound level can be amplified in 8 increments up to 24X amplification of a non-electronic (cardiology-level)
stethoscope. Level 1 is equal to a non-electronic stethoscope. Level 9 is equal to 24X amplification of a non-electronic
stethoscope. The greater the amplification, the more bars you will see.
Increase Tension
4. Turn On / Off
A default start-up amplification level can be set using the instructions provided in the Custom Configuration section below.
The default setting is marked by the box on the vertical bar shown in the volume icon in the LCD display. The illustration
shows a default amplification setting at Level 3.
This stethoscope comes equipped with an advanced power management system.
•
Manual Turn On: Depress and release power button. LCD display will
activate, indicating stethoscope is on.
•
Manual Turn Off: Depress and hold power button for two seconds. LCD
display will shut off, indicating stethoscope is off.
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•
Increase Amplification: Press ( + ) button until desired amplification level is achieved
•
Decrease Amplification: Press ( - ) button until desired amplification level is achieved
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GB English
•
Eartips should point in a forward direction as you insert them into your ear canals. When ear tips are properly positioned,
diaphragm will face towards your body.
GB English
9. Custom Configuration
The Model 3100 detects and displays an acoustic-based heart rate when presented with consistent heart sounds (heart rate
variation < 10%). It takes five seconds to compute the initial heart rate and updates are provided every two seconds. Prior
to the initial reading, the display shows two dashes (--). For heart rates outside a range of 30-199 bpm, the display will also
show two dashes (--).
The Model 3100 stethoscope has several operational settings that can be changed using its configuration menu system.
Within this menu system, the (+) and (-) buttons are used for scrolling and the (M) button is used for selecting options. The
Filter button acts an “escape” key, used for returning to the previous menu or to the operating mode of the stethoscope.
The acoustic-based heart rate display functions best when the Model 3100 is placed near the apex of the patient’s heart and
can be monitored while using any filter mode and/or volume level. If the heart rate changes from consistent to inconsistent or
if there is excessive ambient noise, patient movement or lung sounds during auscultation, the heart rate display number will
display two dashes (--).
To enter the Setup Menu: Depress and release the (M) button. This will display a menu of setup options. (NOTE: Only 3
options will visible at a time. All options can be viewed in sequence upon scrolling with either the (+) or (-) buttons.)
8. Monitor Battery Life
To select the power setting: Select the “POWER” option in the Setup menu. Use the (-) and (+) buttons to scroll through the
list of power settings. Press and release the (M) button to select a setting.
Battery life is indicated by an icon in the LCD display.
The Model 3100 comes with a AA Alkaline battery. This battery will last for approximately 60 hours of continuous use. In a
typical clinical setting, this represents about three months.
As the alkaline battery life depletes, the icon will change as follows:
The battery icon begins to blink when only a few hours of battery capacity remains.
CAUTION: When the battery is completely depleted the scope becomes inoperable. No sound will be transmitted without
a functioning battery.
IMPORTANT! NiMH (rechargeable) and Lithium batteries may also be used in the Model 3100. However, battery type must be
specified to ensure a reliable battery life indication (see Custom Configuration section below).
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7. Monitor Patient Heart Rate
GB English
To select the battery type: Select the BATTERY option in the Setup menu. Use the (-) and (+) buttons to scroll through the
list of battery types. The LITHIUM battery is a non-rechargeable cell especially recommended for low-temperature operation
of the stethoscope. The NIMH battery is rechargeable (external charger required). Press and release the (M) button to select a
setting. The factory default is the ALKALINE battery.
To select the backlight setting: Select the BACKLITE option in the Setup menu. Use the (-) and (+) buttons to scroll
through the list of options. Press and release the (M) button to select. The factory default is ALWAYS. The ALWAYS option will
illuminate the backlight at all times at a reduced level while the stethoscope is powered on and not in standby mode. The ON
DMND option will illuminate the backlight for five seconds by depressing and releasing the power button. The DISABLE option
disables the backlight at all times and will conserve power.
To select Auto Off power management: Select the AUTO OFF option in the Setup menu. Use the (-) and (+) buttons to scroll
through the list of options. Press and release the (M) button to select. The factory default is ENABLE.
To select the preset (default) volume level: Select the SET VOL option in the Setup menu. Press and release the (M) button
to select the current level as default. The factory default is level 3.
To select the preset (default) filter setting: Select the SET FLTR option in the Setup menu. Press and release the (M) button
to select the current filter as default. The factory default is the diaphragm filter.
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Two different settings work together to influence the length of time the Model 3100 is on full power: The AUTO OFF setting
(ENABLE vs. DISABLE) and the POWER setting (HIGH, MEDIUM, and LOW - HIGH setting uses more battery power, LOW setting
uses less battery power). To increase battery life, ENABLE the Auto Off feature and select the LOW power setting.
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GB English
The power settings provide different degrees of power consumption. In general, the longer the stethoscope remains in
an active mode, the greater its power consumption. The factory default is the MEDIUM level. (NOTE: The Auto Off power
management feature is further described below.)
GB English
To obtain model and software version information: Select the “ID” option in the Setup menu. Use the (-) and (+) buttons
to scroll through the list of reference numbers. Press (M) to return to the operating mode of the stethoscope.
With AUTO OFF feature ENABLED:
SETUP
Options
Detail
POWER
HIGH
Remains on full power for 30 seconds before entering standby
Remains in standby for 5 hours before powering off
Backlight remains lit for 5 seconds after pressing the power button
MEDIUM
Remains on full power for 20 seconds before entering standby
To leave the Setup menu: Press the Filter button or press the (M) button to select the EXIT option. This will return the
stethoscope to its normal operating state.
SETUP
Id
exit
power
Remains in standby for 2 hours before powering off
Backlight remains lit for 5 seconds after pressing the power button
LOW
Remains on full power for 10 seconds before entering standby
Remains in standby for 30 minutes before powering off
Backlight remains lit for 3 seconds after pressing power button
10. Other Operating Considerations
With AUTO OFF feature DISABLED:
Operating range is -22º to 104ºF (-30º to 40ºC), 15 to 93% relative humidity.
SETUP
Options
Detail
Storage and transport range is -40º to 131ºF (-40º to 55ºC), 15 to 93% relative humidity.
POWER
HIGH
Remains on full power for 7 minutes before entering standby
To extend the life of your stethoscope, avoid extreme heat, cold, solvents and oils. Remove the battery whenever the
stethoscope will not be used for several months.
Remains in standby for 5 hours before powering off
Backlight remains lit for 5 seconds after pressing power button
MEDIUM
Remains on full power for 5 minutes before entering standby
Remains in standby for 2 hours before powering off
Backlight remains lit 5 seconds after pressing power button
LOW
If you plan to use the stethoscope below 0ºF (-18ºC) you should use a lithium battery to insure proper function.
Failure to follow care and maintenance recommendations could result in damage to the internal components of the Littmann
Electronic Stethoscope. Internal damage could cause malfunction of the product, ranging from a slight decrease in auditory
response to complete failure of the product.
If you experience any problems with the electronic stethoscope, do not attempt to repair it yourself. Please notify our 3M
Health Care Service Center for directions on shipping and receiving.
Remains on full power for 3 minutes before entering standby
Remains in standby for 30 minutes before powering off
Backlight remains lit 3 seconds after pressing power button
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GB English
When the AUTO OFF feature is enabled, the stethoscope will enter standby mode after a period of time determined by the
POWER setting if there is no contact detected on the diaphragm AND the buttons are not activated. When the AUTO OFF
feature is disabled, the stethoscope will enter standby mode after a period of time determined by the POWER setting from
the last button activation. In addition, when the AUTO OFF feature is disabled, there will be an audible alert 10 seconds prior
to entering standby mode. After entering standby mode, the Model 3100 will be powered on when contact is detected on the
diaphragm or by button activation. Otherwise, the Model 3100 will completely power off after the period of time determined
by the POWER setting (see below).
For Maintenance or Repair Services
Please include your name, physical address, e-mail address, and phone number inside with your stethoscope.
GB English
Cleaning of stethoscope should be done between each patient use.
Cleaning the Chestpiece
Under normal conditions, it is unnecessary to remove the diaphragm for cleaning. The diaphragm can easily be cleaned by
using an alcohol wipe. If however, it is necessary to remove the diaphragm, carefully follow the instructions below:
•
Diaphragm Removal: With power off and diaphragm side up, using a thumbnail, lift the underside portion of the
diaphragm out of its designated groove, and peel it off of the chestpiece. The groove that holds the diaphragm in
place can be cleaned by sliding the edge of an alcohol swab around the groove. All parts of the chestpiece can be
wiped down with alcohol. IMPORTANT: The stethoscope should not be immersed in any solution. Excess liquid used
in the cleaning process may result in moisture getting into the internal components.
•
Diaphragm Reassembly: Once the diaphragm is completely dry, insert the diaphragm into the groove of the rim,
starting at one point, and run your finger around the diaphragm until it is seated back in the groove.
Cleaning Other Parts of the Stethoscope
Eartips, eartubes, plastic tubing and chestpiece can be wiped clean with alcohol. Eartips may be removed for a more
thorough cleaning.
NOTICE : Do not immerse the stethoscope in any liquid or subject it to any sterilization process!
In the U.S.A., send your stethoscope directly to:
3M Health Care Service Center
3M Bldg 502-1W-01
3350 Granada Ave N
Suite 200
Oakdale, MN 55128
1-800-292-6298
In Canada, send your stethoscope directly to:
3M Health Care Service Centre
3M Canada, Inc.
80 Enterprise Drive South
London, Ontario
Canada, N6N1C2
1-800-563-2921
Outside of the U.S.A. and Canada, contact your local 3M subsidiary for maintenance and repair information.
Service & Warranty Program
Your Littmann Electronic Stethoscope comes with the finest service and warranty policy in the industry. The Littmann
Electronic Stethoscope Model 3100 is warranted against any defects in material and manufacture for a period of two years.
If a material or manufacturing defect is discovered during the warranty period, repairs or replacement will be made without
charge upon the return of the instrument to 3M, except in cases of obvious abuse or accidental damage.
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MAINTENANCE & WARRANTY
Cleaning
Declaration – electromagnetic immunity
GB English
Declaration – Electromagnetic Emissions
The 3M Littmann® Electronic Stethoscope, Model 3100, is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified
below. The customer or the user of the Model 3100 should assure that it is used in such an environment.
Emissions test
Compliance
Electromagnetic environment –guidance
RF emissions CISPR 11
Group 1
Model 3100 uses RF energy only for its internal function.
Therefore, its RF emissions are very low and are not likely to
cause any interference in nearby electronic equipment.
RF emissions CISPR 11
Class B
Model 3100 is suitable for use in all establishments, including
domestic establishments and those directly connected to
the public low-voltage power supply network that supplies
buildings used for domestic purposes.
Harmonic emissions IEC 61000-3-2
Not applicable
Voltage fluctuations/flicker emissions
IEC 61000-3-3
Not applicable
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The 3M Littmann® Electronic Stethoscope, Model 3100, is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified
below. The customer or the user of Model 3100 should assure that it is used in such an environment.
Immunity test
IEC 60601 test level
Compliance level
Electromagnetic environment –guidance
Electrostatic discharge
(ESD) IEC 61000-4-2
± 6 kV contact
± 8 kV air
± 6 kV contact
± 8 kV air
Floors should be wood, concrete or
ceramic tile. If floors are covered with
synthetic material, the relative humidity
should be at least 30%.
Electrical fast transient/
burst IEC 61000-4-4
± 2 kV for supply lines
± 1 kV for input/output lines
Not applicable
Surge IEC 61000-4-5
± 1 kV differential mode
± 2 kV common mode
Not applicable
Power frequency
(50/60 Hz) magnetic
field IEC 61000-4-8
3 A/m
3 A/m
Voltage dips, short
interruptions and
voltage variations on
power supply lines IEC
61000-4-11
< 5 % UT (>95% dip in UT) for
0.5 cycle
40 % UT (60% dip in UT) for
5 cycle
70 % UT (30% dip in UT) for
25 cycle
< 5% UT (>95% dip in UT)
for 5 sec
Not applicable
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Power frequency magnetic fields should
be at levels characteristic of a typical
location in a typical commercial magnetic
field or hospital environment.
GB English
APPENDIX
GB English
The 3M Littmann® Electronic Stethoscope, Model 3100, is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified
below. The customer or the user of Model 3100 should assure that it is used in such an environment.
Immunity test
IEC 60601 test level
Compliance level
Electromagnetic environment –guidance
Portable and mobile RF communications equipment
should be used no closer to any part of the Model
3100, including cables, than the recommended
separation distance calculated from the equation
applicable to the frequency of the transmitter.
Recommended separation distance:
Conducted RF IEC
61000-4-6
Radiated RF IEC
61000-4-3
3 Vrms
150 kHz to 80 MHz
3 V/m
80 MHz to 2.5 GHz
d = 1,2 9 P
Not applicable
3 V/m
80 MHz to 2.5 GHz
d = 1,2 9 P 80 MHz to 800 MHz
d = 2,3 9 P 800 MHz to 2,5 GHz
where P is the maximum output power rating of the
transmitter in watts (W) according to the transmitter
manufacturer and d is the recommended separation
distance in meters (m).
Field strengths from fixed RF transmitters, as determined
by an electromagnetic site survey, a should be less than
the compliance level in each frequency range, b
Interference may occur in the vicinity of equipment
marked with the following symbol:
Recommended Separation Distances Between Portable and Mobile RF Communications Equipment and the 3M™
Littmann® Electronic Stethoscope Model 3100
The Model 3100 is intended for use in an electromagnetic environment in which radiated RF disturbances are
controlled. The customer or the user of the Model 3100 can help prevent electromagnetic interference by maintaining a
minimum distance between portable and mobile RF communications equipment (transmitters) and the Model 3100 as
recommended below, according to the maximum output of the communications equipment.
Rated maximum output
power of transmitter, P [W]
Separation distance according to frequency of transmitters, d [m]
150 kHz to 80 MHz
80 Mz to 800 MHz
d = 1,2 9 P
800 MHz to 2,5 GHz
d = 2,3 9 P
0.01
0.12
0.12
0.23
0.1
0.38
0.38
0.73
1
1.2
1.2
2.3
10
3.8
3.8
7.3
100
12
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For transmitters rated at a maximum output power not listed above, the recommended separation distance d in meters
(m) can be estimated using the equation applicable to the frequency of the transmitter, where P is the maximum output
power rating of the transmitter in watts (W) according to the transmitter manufacturer.
NOTE 1 At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the separation distance for the higher frequency range applies.
NOTE 2 These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by absorption and
reflection from structures, objects and people.
NOTE 1 At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the higher frequency range applies.
NOTE 2 These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by absorption and
reflection from structures, objects and people.
a
Field strengths from fixed transmitters, such as base stations for radio (cellular/cordless) telephones and land mobile
radios, amateur radio, AM and FM radio broadcast and TV broadcast cannot be predicted theoretically with accuracy.
To assess the electromagnetic environment due to fixed RF transmitters, an electromagnetic site survey should be
considered. If the measured field strength in the location in which the Model 3100 is used exceeds the applicable RF
compliance level above, the Model 3100 should be observed to verify normal operation. If abnormal performance is
observed, additional measures may be necessary, such as re-orienting or relocating the Model 3100.
b
Over the frequency range 150 kHz to 80 MHz, field strengths should be less than 3 V/m.
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Declaration – electromagnetic immunity - continued