RASS-S Toolbox
User Manual
Edition: 1
Date: 19-Nov-09
Status: Draft Issue
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
DOCUMENT CHARACTERISTICS
General
RASS-S Toolbox
User Manual
Edition:
1
Edition Date:
19-November-2009
Status:
Draft Issue
Keywords:
User manual, RASS-S, toolbox
Abstract:
This user manual describes the use of the RASS-S Toolbox
Contact Information
Author:
Elke Vanuytven
Editor:
Elke Vanuytven
Contact Person:
Niels Van Hoef
Tel:
+32 14 23 18 11
E-mail Address:
support@intersoft-electronics.com
Document Control Information
Document Name:
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
Path:
C:\Documents and Settings\elke\Desktop\RASS-S User
Manuals\RASS-S\
Host System:
Mac OS X 10.5.6
Software:
OpenOffice.org 3.0.1
Size:
821021Bytes
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
2/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
DOCUMENT CHANGE RECORD
Revision
Date
Reasons for change
001
06/08/2009 New Document
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
Pages
Affected
Approved
by
All
3/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. RASS-S: RADAR ANALYSIS SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR SITES.................................................9
1.1. RASS-S Philosophy............................................................................................................................9
1.2. Top-Down Analysis...........................................................................................................................10
1.3. Basic RASS-S Instruments..............................................................................................................12
1.4. RASS-S Toolbox Introduction..........................................................................................................13
2. INSTALLATION............................................................................................................14
2.1. System Software...............................................................................................................................14
2.2. LabVIEW............................................................................................................................................14
2.3. RASS-S Software..............................................................................................................................14
2.4. Calibration Files................................................................................................................................14
2.5. System Hardware..............................................................................................................................15
3. LABVIEW BASICS....................................................................................................15
4. RASS-S TOOLBOX..................................................................................................16
4.1. Loading and Running a Tool............................................................................................................16
4.2. RASS-S7 Toolbox Buttons...............................................................................................................17
4.2.1. Button 1: Help Function..............................................................................................................17
4.2.2. Button 2: Online Reference.........................................................................................................18
4.2.3. Button 3: Connection Diagrams..................................................................................................18
4.2.4. Button 4: Change Settings..........................................................................................................18
4.2.4.1. Selecting the Hardware Configuration.....................................................................................18
4.2.4.2. Selecting the Software Configuration.......................................................................................19
4.2.5. Reporting....................................................................................................................................20
4.2.5.1. Button 5: Print Graphs.............................................................................................................20
4.2.5.2. Printing Orientation: Landscape/Portrait..................................................................................21
4.2.5.3. Button 6: Print Tables...............................................................................................................22
4.2.6. Button 7: Rescan........................................................................................................................22
4.2.7. Button 8: Convert Files...............................................................................................................22
4.2.8. Button 9: Select Site File.............................................................................................................22
4.2.9. Button 10: Select Campaign Folder............................................................................................23
5. BUG REPORTING.......................................................................................................24
5.1. Configuration Control using Mantis................................................................................................24
5.2. Mantis Reporting Information..........................................................................................................25
6. NECESSARY SIGNALS AND CONNECTIONS FOR RASS-S MEASUREMENTS.............................25
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
4/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
6.1. Air.......................................................................................................................................................25
6.2. Encoder Signals................................................................................................................................25
6.2.1. ACP: Azimuth Change Pulse......................................................................................................25
6.2.2. ARP: Azimuth Reference Pulse..................................................................................................25
6.3. Rf Signals..........................................................................................................................................25
6.4. Video Signals....................................................................................................................................26
6.4.1. Trigger........................................................................................................................................26
6.4.2. Monopulse Signals.....................................................................................................................26
6.5. Data Signals......................................................................................................................................26
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
5/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
TABLE OF FIGURES
Figure 1: RASS-S Set-up for top-down analysis........................................................................................11
Figure 2: RASS-S Toolbox...........................................................................................................................13
Figure 3: RASS-S Shortcut..........................................................................................................................16
Figure 4: Select a tool from the RASS-S Toolbox......................................................................................16
Figure 5: Not running VI...............................................................................................................................17
Figure 6: Running VI....................................................................................................................................17
Figure 7: Help window.................................................................................................................................17
Figure 8: Ask Settings window....................................................................................................................18
Figure 9: Connected Hardware....................................................................................................................19
Figure 10: Selection of Hardware................................................................................................................19
Figure 11: Report Manager..........................................................................................................................20
Figure 12: Log report window – printing from report manager................................................................21
Figure 13: View Site File window................................................................................................................22
Figure 14: Campaign folder structure.........................................................................................................23
Figure 15: Select Campaign Folder.............................................................................................................23
Figure 16: Create new campaign folder......................................................................................................24
TABLE OF TABLES
Table 1: Standard RASS-S buttons.............................................................................................................15
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
6/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
CONVENTIONS USED
G
Note: This icon to the left of bold italicized text denotes a note, which alerts you to
important information.
%
Caution: This icon to the left of bold italicized text denotes a caution, which alerts you to the
possibility of data loss or a system crash.
M
Warning: This icon to the left of bold italicized text denotes a warning, which alerts you to t
he possibility of damage to you or your equipment.
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
7/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
ACAS
ACP
ADS-B
ARP
dB
Downlink
FRUIT
GPS
IE
IF
I/O
IP
LAN
LVA
Monopulse
MSSR
UPM
Plot extractor
PPI
PRF
PSR
Radar
Radome
RASS-S
RER
RES
RF
RFA
RFT
RGI
RIM
RTG
RX
SSR
STC
TTL
Transponder
TX
Uplink
VNA
VPD
VSWR
Airborne Collision Avoidance System
Azimuth Change Pulse
Automatic Dependent Surveillance, Broadcast
Azimuth Reference Pulse
Decibel
The signal path from aircraft to ground
False Replies Unsynchronized In Time, unwanted SSR replies
received by an interrogator which have been triggered by other
interrogators
Global Positioning System
Intersoft Electronics
Intermediate Frequency
Input/Output
Internet Protocol
Local Area Network
Large Vertical Aperture (antenna)
Radar-receiving processing technique used to provide a precise
bearing measurement
Monopulse Secondary Surveillance Radar
USB Power Meter
Signal-processing equipment which converts receiver video into
digital target reports suitable for transmission by land lines
Plan Position Indicator
Pulse Repetition Frequency
Primary Surveillance Radar
Radio Detection And Ranging
Radio-transparent window used to protect an antenna principally
against the effects of weather
Radar Analysis Support Systems – Site measurements
Radar Encoder Recorder
Radar Environment Simulator
Radio Frequency
Radar Field Analyser
Radar Rf Testset
Radar Gyroscope and Inclinometer
Radar Interface Module
Radar Target Generator
Receiver
Secondary Surveillance Radar
Sensitivity Time Control
Transistor-Transistor Logic
Airborne unit of the SSR system, detects an interrogator’s
transmission and responds with a coded reply stating either the
aircraft’s identity or its flight level
Transmitter
Ground-to-air signal path
Vector Network Analyser
Vertical Polar Diagram
Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (ratio of maximum voltage to
minimum voltage on a line)
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
8/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
1. RASS-S: RADAR ANALYSIS SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR SITES
1.1. RASS-S Philosophy
The Radar Analysis Support System for Sites (in short: RASS-S) is developed to evaluate the performance
of a radar system on site and with limited radar down-time. In the past, radar operators recorded plot and
track data at the output of the radar. Statistical techniques were used to detect the source of an error. In
some occasions another radar (possibly with identical or different problems) served as a reference. The
accumulation of unknown or unexplained errors leads to frustration and guess work. Replacing suspicious
elements based on these findings is a costly operation and success is not guaranteed.
A more scientific approach asks for a top-down analysis of all the elements in the radar chain to verify the
operation of each module separately. This allows the calculation of an error budget and the solution quickly
becomes obvious.
Traditional laboratory equipment (spectrum analysers, voltmeters, etc….) are typically used to examine the
individual parts of the radar chain. This requires the disconnection of the separate elements in order to
analyse them, leaving the site out of operation for many days.
We offer a solution with a complete set of tools to evaluate the radar chain in a top-down approach, reducing
the on-site measuring time and keeping the radar in operational mode. The RASS-S (Radar Analysis Support
System for Sites) equipment and software is intended for Site-based measurements to determine the radar
performance using single-radar data. The radar signals are measured at different levels: air, RF, video and
serial output plot data each with the suitable RASS-S instrument. The different elements of the radar chain
can thus be evaluated by connecting to signals which are already available and this under operational
conditions.
The user installs the instruments in the field only during the measurement campaign and records all the
necessary data. The idea is to investigate the condition of the radar by analyzing parts of the recorded data
and/or compare data at different levels.
Intersoft Electronics developed this system completely independently from any radar manufacturer in order
to offer you an all-round radar analysis tool. The evaluation of the entire radar system will be completed
quickly and with little interference to the controllers. After a few days training every radar operator or
technician will be able to use the RASS-S tools and therefore measure and analyse all the necessary signals
and data.
Related to the RASS-S family are the Radar Environment Simulators (RES and RTG). The RES simulates
your radar’s environment by injecting into the antenna connectors all the required Rf signals that would occur
in real-life situations, hereby reacting correctly to the radar’s interrogations as real transponders would do.
An SSR RES as well as a PSR RES (RTG) are available.
Also part of the RASS-S toolbox is the ADS-B Site Tools set. The ADS-B tools are designed to be used in the
design phase as well as during the acceptance period of an ADS-B sensor. The tools allow checking the
performance of the ADS-B ground station as well as testing the load, accuracy and stability of the system.
In short: RASS-S provides support for the recording and playback of all the important signals in the
radar chain. The RASS-S software and hardware help the radar engineer to get an accurate and total
overview of the actual quality of every element of the Primary or Secondary Surveillance Radar (also
Mode-S) for which (s)he is responsible.
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
9/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
1.2. Top-Down Analysis
Our philosophy: “From top to bottom. From antenna to center. From pilot to control.” means that we
always work our way down from the antenna chain in order to check the entire system; from the Rf signals at
the antenna down to the serial radar data output, all these signals will be measured and analysed in a very
short period of time.
Each element of the total radar chain can be characterized by specific parameters. A summary:
1. Antenna System:
◦ Horizontal and Vertical radiation and reception diagrams
◦ Gain, tilt, alignment, polarisation, reflections
◦ Rf properties
2. Transmission:
◦ Rf: Cables, waveguides, rotary joint, couplers loss, phase matching, directionality, VSWR and
coupling
◦ Mechanical: Encoder, turning gear, ACP and ARP errors, stability and windload
3. Interrogator:
◦ Transmitter: Power, pulse shape, power drop, PRF, stagger and mode
◦ Receiver: Sensitivity, bandwidth, channel alignment, saturation, STC, monopulse accuracy
4. Processor:
◦ Accuracy, Degarbling, Load, Delay, Resolution, code validation
◦ False plot generation, Probability of detection
5. Transponder:
◦ Classification, monitoring, fault finding
6. Environment:
◦ Other interrogators
◦ FRUIT
◦ Load
◦ ACAS
◦ ADS-B
7. Data Center:
◦ Radar accuracy
◦ Multi radar tracker behaviour
◦ Multi radar alignment
◦ Data transmission
The RASS-S set-up used to perform such a top-down analysis of a radar chain is illustrated in Figure 1.
The software controlling the RASS-S equipment shares the same top-down conceptual idea. The RASS-S7
Toolbox consists of a number of functional menus accessible through buttons. Each of these controls a set
of tools and corresponds to a specific element in the radar chain, starting with the antenna down to and
including the data modems delivering the plot and track data to the control centers. A special set of tools
qualify the plot and track data output and allow a detailed analysis of these data towards resolution and
probability of detection parameters. GPS measurements can be used to verify the radar’s accuracy.
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
10/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
Figure 1: RASS-S Set-up for top-down analysis
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
11/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
1.3. Basic RASS-S Instruments
The basic RASS-S instruments which are briefly described in this introduction are: the Radar Field Analyser
(RFA641), the Rf Testset (RFT646), the USB Power Meter (UPM772), the Radar Interface Module (RIM782),
the Radar Gyroscope and Inclinometer (RGI59x), the Radar Environment Simulator (RES28x) and the Radar
Target Generator (RTG698).
1. The Radar Field Analyser (RFA641) allows you to determine the in-field uplink antenna diagram.
Analysis tools will lead you to the causes of errors. It will also serve you to measure your receiver's
response curve and the alignment of the two or three receiver channels. The same set-up is used to
determine receiver frequency response and STC or DSTC curves. More information can be found in
the RFA641 User Manual.
2. The Rf Test Set (RFT646) is a general purpose RF measurement device with a two channel Rf
output and two channel RF input. The tool helps you to determine defective LVA columns, measure
Rf elements, line transmission lines, rotary joints, etc. Its 3D scan option allows the antenna
evaluation of complex 3D PSR antennas, while the IF option is used for evaluation of the IF signals
found in such radars. More information can be found in the RFT646 User Manual.
3. The USB Power Meter (UPM772) is a broadband log receiver (10MHz to 10GHz) which can operate
on L/S/C/X-band. In the field of radar the UPM772 can be used in three different applications: as
pulse power meter on site or in the field, as measurement tool to extract antenna diagrams or as
field strength meter for investigation of health and safety conditions. More information can be found
in the UPM772 User Manual.
4. The radar processor produces several trigger and azimuth signals, and it receives the (up to three
channel) video input from the receivers. This data will pass an intermediate video stage. The radar
system will process this data and produce plot data, available as serial data messages. Data at
those two stages can be intercepted by the Radar Interface Module (RIM782), which is intended for
detailed recording of video level reply signals and digital trigger signals as well as serial plot and
track data, independent of the data format. More information can be found in the RIM782 User
Manual.
5. The Radar Gyroscope and Inclinometer (RGI59x) together with the Radar Encoder Recorder
(RER794), provide a tool to evaluate the mechanical and structural design of the antenna pedestal
and tower. The RGI59x measures the angular velocity and planar angle of the antenna, at the same
time a RER794 measures and records the azimuth information from the encoder (ACP and ARP).
The rotational information data combined with the encoder signal provide essential information on
encoder accuracy and platform leveling. More information can be found in the RGI59x User Manual.
6. The Radar Environment Simulator RES28x simulates your radar's environment, including up to
2000 SSR or Mode-S targets, reflectors and LVA antenna behavior on RF level. This is done by
injecting into the antenna connectors of your radar all the required RF signals that would occur in
real life situations, hereby reacting correctly to the radar's interrogations as real transponders would
do. The aim of this is to present a known reference environment to the radar and compare the radar
output data to the input scenario.
7. The Radar Target Generator (RTG698) for primary radar purposes is basically designed to
generate primary radar returns. The RTG698 detects and preserves the radar pulse, applies a fixed
and highly precise delay and retransmits the pulse with the appropriate power, pulse-shape,
frequency and Doppler shift. More information can be found in the RTG698 User Manual.
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
12/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
1.4. RASS-S Toolbox Introduction
The software controlling the RASS-S equipment shares the same top-down conceptual idea. At present we
offer the RASS-S7 generation, a mature version in which the experience of our engineers and the feedback
from the end-users about previous generation models have been incorporated, leading to a very reliable,
high performance product. Of course customers will continue to receive improved and extended versions in
the future.
The RASS-S7 Toolbox consists of a number of functional menus accessible through buttons. Each of these
controls a set of tools and corresponds to a specific element in the radar chain, starting with the antenna
down to and including the data modems delivering the plot and track data to the control center. A special set
of tools qualify the plot and track data output and allow a detailed analysis of these data towards resolution
and probability of detection parameters.
Principal Features:
• Multiple use of programmable hardware using software virtual instruments
• Graphical user interface on a PC workstation
• Synoptical windows with push button operation
• Online Help functions on setup and use of the equipment
• Logging and retrieval of all measurements
• Report printing
Figure 2: RASS-S Toolbox
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
13/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
2. INSTALLATION
2.1. System Software
At delivery, the computers already contain their system software. If not, please consult its user manual or the
‘Getting Started’ manual.
The RASS-S7 software will only run on PC compatibles running Windows XP.
2.2. LabVIEW
On delivery the LabVIEW software is already installed onto your harddisk, together with the RASS-S
software.
Depending on the configuration you purchased, the software will start as a stand alone Run-time
environment or as a LabVIEW Full Development system. If a development system is purchased, a complete
set of manuals describing the LabVIEW programming environment is included.
For detailed information about installation and description of the LabVIEW software we refer to the LabVIEW
manuals. The present RASS-S software is written in LabVIEW7 version 7.1.
2.3. RASS-S Software
At delivery the computers have the RASS-S software installed. If this is not the case or the computer was not
purchased through IE, use the installer application on the installation DVD to install the RASS-S software
onto a PC compatible.
The necessary driver software and registry entries are added for the supported Adaptec SCSI interface cards
as well as for the RASS-S equipment that can be connected to SCSI or USB interfaces.
During installation of the RASS-S7 software 2 folders are installed on your system:
1. A first folder, called RASS-S7, contains all the RASS-S software, subprograms and utility programs
that are part of the system. The RASS-S7 folder consists of several subfolders like the TOOLS folder
(containing all RASS-S modules or VI's), the SUBVIs folder (all VI's are built up of several sub-VI's
which are contained in the SUBVIs folder), the USER MANUALS folder (containing the RASS-S7
manuals) and the CALIBRATION folder (containing the calibration files of the RASS-S hardware).
2. A second folder, called CAMPAIGN-S6, contains the different measurement campaign result files.
The Campaign Folder is explained in more detail in section 4.2.9. .
2.4. Calibration Files
Correct installation of the calibration files is only possible after the RASS-S software has already been
installed.
Follow the next steps to correctly install the calibration files:
1. Insert the Calibration Files CD
2. Double click the Install.exe file
3. The calibration files will be installed, at the end of this process a pop-up will inform you that the
installation was completed successfully. Just click OK to close that window and end the installation
procedure.
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
14/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
2.5. System Hardware
When connecting the RASS-S hardware to your PC for the first time, the PC will notify you of the new
hardware found. The Found New Hardware Wizard appears automatically and guides you through the
necessary steps to install the correct drivers for this new hardware. Some Intersoft Electronics' products still
use a SCSI interface (like the Radar Environment Simulator). The wizard will appear 8 times for each SCSI
connected device. The newer IE products have a USB interface, the wizard will only appear once for these
USB devices. Just follow the instructions of the wizard to install the software for the RASS-S device.
3. LABVIEW BASICS
A brief introduction to the LabVIEW terminology will help the user to better comprehend the RASS-S
software description in the user manuals.
The basic concept block of a LabVIEW program is a Virtual Instrument (VI). VIs have three main parts: the
front panel, the block diagram, and the icon/connector. The front panel is the user interface to the program,
the block diagram is the graphical program source, the icon is a representation of the VI and the connector
acts as the port through which data passes from front panel to VI.
Being a user you will only be confronted with front panels.
A front panel can contain controls and indicators of different shapes, sizes and forms; from numerical input
and output fields to graphics, leds, buttons, etc. User inputs always pass through controls and the results
hereof are always shown in indicators.
•
Control:
•
Numerical indicator:
•
Digital indicator:
Actions are controlled by buttons, a click on a button activates a certain function. Some examples of
standard buttons used in RASS-S can be found in the table below.
Run: start the VI
Table 1: Standard RASS-S buttons
Record: start the recording
Help: toggle help window on or off
Stop: stop the measurement and/or the
recording
Settings/Parameters: open up the settings
or the parameters window
Save: save the measurement data to a file
Select folder: select a folder containing
measurement data
Print: print (copy) the data to a report file
Find a file: find/open a measurement file
Return: return to the main window
Start: start the measurement
Done: stop the VI
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
15/26
RASS-S Toolbox
G
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
Note: You always have to run a VI by clicking the Run button in the upper left corner of the
VI. You always have to stop the VI by clicking the Done button in the upper right corner of
the VI in order to avoid problems with other tools using the same hardware.
You will find that most tools throughout RASS-S7 use almost the same consistent tool bar on top of every
tool. This tool bar contains a number of buttons, which each in turn control a number of functions. The
buttons need to be used from left to right.
Most graphs in the LabVIEW program contain a “palette”. This can be used to set the scales of your graphs
to fixed or auto scale, to auto fit the graph to the space available or to set the precision of the scales. The
palette also allows zooming and panning in the curves.
For more information, we strongly recommend you to read the LabVIEW user and tutorial manuals.
4. RASS-S TOOLBOX
The RASS-S7.vi forms the main platform for the RASS-S program from which all other RASS-S modules are
started. We will further refer to it as The Radar Toolbox. It is the only VI which has to be started from the
Windows Explorer. It is very valuable to make a shortcut and put it on your desktop (normally this is already
done automatically during the installation of RASS-S7).
Figure 3: RASS-S Shortcut
4.1. Loading and Running a Tool
The Radar Toolbox is a user-friendly platform for loading and running all of the RASS-S tools and functions.
It is the point of start and return for all tools.
When the RASS-S toolbox is opened, you will be able to select a number of functions according to the
measurement you want to perform. The measurement program should always be loaded from the
RASS-S toolbox, not from the RASS-S7 folder! Load a tool by clicking the icon covering the specific
function and selecting the program from the pop-up menu. The following figure shows how to select the View
Recorded Pulses function from the Uplink button:
Figure 4: Select a tool from the RASS-S Toolbox
The selected tool will then be loaded in memory and will appear on your screen. At this moment the tool is
not running, the top of the vi will look like this:
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
16/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
Figure 5: Not running VI
When the Run
button is hit, the tool is started and the Run button disappears. The top of a VI in running
mode looks like this:
Figure 6: Running VI
Always stop the tool by clicking the Done
button in order to avoid problems with tools using the same
hardware, the Run button will reappear. After clicking the Done button, the vi can be closed using the
standard Windows Close
button .
4.2. RASS-S7 Toolbox Buttons
The following sections provide more information about the buttons at the top of the toolbox. The buttons are
described from left (button 1) to right (button 10).
4.2.1.
Button 1: Help Function
In case you need more information regarding the parameters or buttons of a measurement tool you should
switch on the Help
button.
The Help information window will pop-up automatically.
If you now move your mouse-pointer to the parameter or button which you need more information about, the
Help window will show you an explanation of the parameter or the function of the button. For example: when
you move your mouse across the Uplink button in the toolbox, the Help window will show:
Figure 7: Help window
The Help window can be switched on in every RASS-S tool.
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
17/26
RASS-S Toolbox
4.2.2.
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
Button 2: Online Reference
A thorough description of the software tools can be evoked by selecting the Online Reference
button.
This will activate the automatic call function of each User Manual. This means that when a tool is selected
from the toolbox, the User Manual will be opened automatically at the chapter which describes the use of
that tool. This function is at the moment only available for the basic RASS-S instruments.
4.2.3.
Button 3: Connection Diagrams
In case the Load Connection Diagrams
button is selected and a tool is selected from the toolbox, the
connection diagram for that measurement will be opened automatically. This function is at the moment only
available for the basic RASS-S functionalities.
4.2.4.
Button 4: Change Settings
The Radar Toolbox can be configured by selecting the Change Settings
button itself. The Ask Settings
window will pop up allowing to scan for connected hardware and shows you which RASS hardware is
connected (with serial number). Depending on the selected configuration, the RASS-S toolbox will present
and allow selecting the corresponding functions.
Figure 8: Ask Settings window
4.2.4.1. Selecting the Hardware Configuration
From this window, you can select the following items:
1. The hardware you own: Use the checkboxes and selectors to indicate the hardware you own (GPS,
Gyro and RVI). Select the correct GPS and gyro type. For those devices that have no processor or
ROM inside, you have to indicate the serial number manually. Beware that the serial number
determines calibration files used in several RASS-S functions. Therefore it is important to select the
correct serial number. For the newer devices the serial number is read automatically when the
device is connected to the workstation.
2. Available Hardware: Upon opening, the tool automatically scans the interfaces for connected RASSS devices. The devices found will be indicated by a green LED and their serial numbers are shown in
the Ser Nrs indicator. The address of each connected RASS device is assigned automatically and
the user doesn’t need to perform any bus selection. Any time you want you can perform a rescan
and check for newly connected (USB) devices by clicking the Rescan
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
button. This button is also
18/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
available in the RASS-S Toolbox so you don’t need to open the Ask Settings program for this
purpose alone.
3. Setting of the Speed of Light parameter value. The first time this window is opened, the default
value of 299792458.00 m/s is automatically entered. Changes of the Speed of Light setting will be
saved upon clicking the OK button and recalled the next time the window is opened. Notice that the
speed of light parameter has a unique value for the whole of the RASS software and can not be
attached to a specific campaign folder like some other analysis parameters. Click the Fill with C
button to reset to the default value.
Beware that changing the Speed of light parameter will only be effective when recompiling
scenarios or rerunning the specific software tools. Changing the Speed of Light parameter in
the settings window will not automatically update earlier calculated values.
4.2.4.2. Selecting the Software Configuration
The toolbox contains pictures of the most important RASS equipment. When equipment is connected to the
computer the software scans the devices and automatically shows which device is connected correctly and is
turned on (the light on the picture turns red).
Figure 9: Connected Hardware
The user can also select the correct hardware configuration: by clicking the pictures of the equipment a
menu containing the equivalent equipment appears.
Figure 10: Selection of Hardware
When the correct hardware configuration is selected only the software tools for that specific selection can be
used.
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
19/26
RASS-S Toolbox
4.2.5.
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
Reporting
4.2.5.1. Button 5: Print Graphs
The printing of graphs (results) is handled using a Report manager which can be opened using the Print
Graphs
button. This software tool allows you to visualize and change anything you want to print on your
screen. The report manager can change appearance according to the type of curve or data you want to print
(landscape or portrait data), but basically looks like this:
Figure 11: Report Manager
The report window will always pop up whenever the Print
button is used. This button appears in many
calling VIs, anywhere you can print something. In the report window, all the colored items (red/blue) can be
changed to fit the user.
This applies for the following items:
• header of the page (in this example: RFA SSR HPD Uplink)
• title of the page (in this example: rfa_030807_133942_58db.pls)
• date and time (in this example: 8/7/2003 and 9:45:28PM)
• figure number (in this example: 1)
• number of copies (in this example: 1)
• channel information for the different graphs (in this example: P1, P2, P3, Pulse, SUM, SLS)
• X and Y scale names (in this example: Degrees and dBm
• any cursor on the graph (in this example: boresight cursor info)
• X and Y scales and graph positioning
• all three comment and OTD parameter fields at the bottom of the Report Manager window
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
20/26
RASS-S Toolbox
•
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
logo: It is possible to put your own company logo on a report. To do this you have to add a
subdirectory with the desired name to the LOGOS subdirectory of the RASS-S7 folder, and place
your company logo in bitmap file format inside the directory. The reporting function will detect the
added logo and allow you to select it for inclusion into your report sheets.
Once the scales, the axis, the plot name, the header etc. is edited to your satisfaction, click the Print
button on the report manager. The following window will appear:
Figure 12: Log report window – printing from report manager
You have the following choices to make:
• New Report File: Create a new report file
• Select Report File: Open an existing report file
• Print Report: Print the complete report you selected
• Add Page: Add this page to the report file
• Print Page: Print the page you were looking at
• OK: Leave this window
In order to print the current page, use the Print Page button.
If you want to save the page (with the complete layout and options), first open or create a new report file,
using the New Report File or Open Report File, then add the page using the Add Page button.
If a report file is opened, or a page is added to a new one, the # Pages in report indicator will be updated.
Leave the window using the OK button.
The printout will be printed on the printer or saved to disk. If you select a PDF writer printer, you can also
print the pages or the report to a .pdf file. This can be viewed and checked by any Adobe® Acrobat reader
software.
4.2.5.2. Printing Orientation: Landscape/Portrait
When changing printer selection, it will occur that printing orientation is changed from landscape to portrait.
Since RASS-S is running under a runtime version of LabVIEW, it is not possible to change this orientation. To
overcome this problem we suggest using the pdf writer printer driver as indicated above.
A work around exists. This consists of opening the subVI that is printed and changing the page setup
manually. To do this use the following steps:
1. Start up RASS-S7.
2. Return to your desktop.
3. Locate the subroutine Print Curves, it is located in RASS-S7\SUBVIs\Printing.llb.
4. Double click the Print Curves subroutine, it will open in the LabVIEW runtime application.
5. Select Page Setup to select the correct printer and page layout.
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
21/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
6. Click the Print Graphs button from the RASS-S Toolbox.
7. Run the VwReport.vi and load and print the report you want to be printed.
Please note that you need to keep the Print Curves program open in order to keep the page setup in
memory during printing. Since the selected page setup is part of the program and cannot be saved
using a LabVIEW Runtime application, the page setup will revert to the default value upon closing
the Print Curves program.
In case you have a development version of LabVIEW, you can simply save the changes to the Print
Curves.vi program and the problem is solved.
4.2.5.3. Button 6: Print Tables
The Print Tables
function can be used to analyse, change and print data in spreadsheet style. The data
can be collected through several RASS-S tools.
4.2.6.
Button 7: Rescan
Any time you want you can perform a rescan and check for newly connected (USB) devices by clicking the
Rescan button.
4.2.7.
Button 8: Convert Files
The Convert Files
files etc.
4.2.8.
menu can be used to convert files, for example convert old RASS-S4 files to new
Button 9: Select Site File
Using the Select Site File
button, one can evoke the View Site File window:
Figure 13: View Site File window
Several Site File parameters can be filled in, the RASS-S software will use these parameters when
necessary, so it is very important to take your time and fill in the parameters correctly.
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
22/26
RASS-S Toolbox
4.2.9.
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
Button 10: Select Campaign Folder
The CAMPAIGN-S6 folder contains different campaign folders (directories) in which your saved
measurements , receiver calibration files etc. can be kept. The campaign folder usually is named after the
name of the radar site or the city where the measurements were made e.g.: BERTEM. The campaign folder
structure is known by all the RASS-S functions and provides a comprehensive data-storage and retrieval
facility.
Figure 14: Campaign folder structure
At delivery, two campaigns are present: “DEMO” and “GENERAL”. The first folder contains a number of
demo files of the different measurements of RASS-S, while the second contains general user data.
Before starting any measurements or analysis functions, the correct campaign folder needs to be selected.
Therefore click the Select Campaign
button in the RASS-S Toolbox, the following window will appear:
Figure 15: Select Campaign Folder
Click one of the folders listed and click Select to select that campaign.
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
23/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
The user is strongly advised to add a new campaign folder every time he starts a new measurement
campaign (new site or new date), this way the data from each campaign is stored in separate campaign
folders. To create a new folder, click the New button in the Select Campaign Folder window and the following
window will pop up:
Figure 16: Create new campaign folder
Just enter a non-existing folder name and click the Create button. The new campaign folder will appear in
the dialog box and is highlighted. Click the Select button to select the created folder as active campaign
folder. The active campaign folder is indicated at the top of the RASS-S Toolbox.
The RASS-S software will from now on always guide you to the selected campaign folder when certain
measurements have to be logged. When reviewing the measurements, again the correct folders will be
opened in which you can easily enter new folders. It is possible to change the active campaign folder while
working with RASS-S.
5. BUG REPORTING
5.1. Configuration Control using Mantis
The RASS software configuration control is currently done by using a special development tool called
Mantis. Mantis is a database in which all problems or bugs can be entered by the tester. The program stores
these records and allows the developer to keep track of solutions and bug fixes. Each bug or trouble report
is entered in the database and attributed to a specific developer. After attributing the bug, the developer can
decide to fix the bug or wait for a later software upgrade. Then the correction is attributed to one or more
testers, whose responsibility it is to verify the bug fix and authorise the changes into the next software
release.
The latest (customer) software release is always used as the basic testing environment, while bug fixes alter
the β number of a newer release. Example: A customer finds a bug in RASS-S v 3.5.9. The bug is reported
via email, entered in Mantis and attributed to a developer. Now the IE developer tests the reported bug on
the latest release (e.g. v 3.6.1). If the bug is repeatable in this version, a bug fix is created and entered in a β
software version of the next release (e.g. 3.6.2 β3). This version is then passed to the IE tester and if
required to a validation team, often this is whoever reported the bug. After authorisation by the product
manager, the release is adopted as 3.6.2. Usually multiple bug fixes can be combined into a single version
number update.
Since most software for RASS-S and PTE is written in LabVIEW, the first digit of the RASS version
numbering follows the version numbering of LabVIEW. The second digit is increased on each mayor upgrade
or tool enhancement (e.g. the introduction of a Test Target Injection Package into the RASS toolbox changes
v3.4.x into v 3.5.x). The last digit is increased on bug fixes or for cosmetic changes.
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
24/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
5.2. Mantis Reporting Information
When a customer reports a bug via an email to support (support@intersoft-electronics.com ), the email
should at least contain the following information:
1. Which equipment or tool were you using when the problem occurred (i.e. Radar Field Analyser or
LAN recording or …)?
2. Describe the problem that you encountered. In case you have a data file available containing results
or giving a key to the problem, or a snapshot of the error message, please attach it to the email as
this can be very helpful.
3. Is the problem reproducible? In case it is, describe the steps you performed to reproduce the
problem.
4. Describe the type of bug that you want to report, for example:
◦ Crash with data loss
◦ Crash without data loss
◦ Incorrect functionality
◦ Cosmetic
◦ Feature request
5. Which computer and operating system were you using while the problem occurred?
6. Which RASS-S version and which vi were you using?
6. NECESSARY SIGNALS AND CONNECTIONS FOR RASS-S MEASUREMENTS
6.1. Air
No special requirements are defined for signals that are picked up from the air during the Uplink
measurement.
6.2. Encoder Signals
6.2.1.
ACP: Azimuth Change Pulse
•
TTL level or RS422
•
12 bit (4096) or 16 bit (16384) accuracy
•
The repetition period of the signal depends on the rotational speed of the radar.
6.2.2.
•
ARP: Azimuth Reference Pulse
TTL level
6.3. Rf Signals
The Rf SUM, DELTA and OMEGA signals are connected onto the 20dB couplers (N-connectors) and used to
inject signals during calibration or environment simulation.
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
25/26
RASS-S Toolbox
Edition Date: 19-Nov-09
6.4. Video Signals
6.4.1.
Trigger
•
SSR Mode Trigger (TTL)
•
PSR System Trigger (TTL)
6.4.2.
Monopulse Signals
•
SSR: SUM, DELTA and OMEGA signals from 0 to 2V, OBA signal from -2 to 2V and OBI signal at
TTL level
•
PSR: Raw video
6.5. Data Signals
•
RS232, RS422 or LAN (Ethernet)
•
Different formats:
◦
Active Protocols (HDLC/Lap-B/X25.3): ASTERIX, RDIF (CAA)
◦
Passive Protocols (HDLC/Lap-B/X25.3/SYNC13): ASTERIX, RDIF, CDxx (US format)
◦
Bit Recording Protocols: AIRCAT 500, ALENIA, AUSTRO, BMIL, ERICSSON, EUROCONTROL,
FPS117, HUGHES, SVE, TOSHIBA, Customer Specific
IE-UM-00163-001 RASS-S Toolbox User Manual.odt
26/26