`
USER MANUAL
1
Legal notice
Copyri ght © 2012 WAVEWIFI Ltd. All rights reserved. Reproduction, transfer, distribution or storage of part or all of
the contents in this document in any form wi thout the prior wri tten permission of WAVEWIFI Ltd is prohibited. The
manufa cturer reserves the right to modi fy the product and manual for the purpose of technical improvement
wi thout prior notice.
Other product and company names mentioned herein may be trademarks or trade n ames of their respective owners.
Attention
Before using the device we strongly recommend reading this user manual first.
Do not rip open the device. Do not touch the device if the device block is broken.
All wireless devices for data transferring may be susceptible to interference, which could affect
performance.
The device is not water-resistant. Keep it dry.
Device is powered by low voltage +9V-30V DC power adaptor.
2
Table of Contents
Legal notice ............................................................................................................................................................... 2
Attention................................................................................................................................................................... 2
SAFETY INFORMATION ............................................................................................................................................... 4
Device connection.................................................................................................................................................. 6
Introduction .............................................................................................................................................................. 7
Specifications:........................................................................................................................................................ 7
LAN and Wi-Fi:.................................................................................................................................................... 7
HSUPA/HSDPA/UMTS ......................................................................................................................................... 7
GSM/GPRS/EDGE................................................................................................................................................ 7
Electrical, Mechanical & Environmental:.............................................................................................................. 8
Applications ....................................................................................................................................................... 8
Setting up your router................................................................................................................................................ 9
Installation............................................................................................................................................................. 9
Front Panel......................................................................................................................................................... 9
Back Panel........................................................................................................................................................ 10
SIM Card .......................................................................................................................................................... 10
Logging in ............................................................................................................................................................ 11
Operation Modes..................................................................................................................................................... 12
Powering Options .................................................................................................................................................... 12
Using terminal block for power input..................................................................................................................... 13
Powering the device from higher voltage............................................................................................................... 14
Powering MVC300 cameras......................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Function explanations .............................................................................................................................................. 14
Status.................................................................................................................................................................. 14
System Information .......................................................................................................................................... 14
Network Information........................................................................................................................................ 16
Routes ............................................................................................................................................................. 19
Realtime Graphs............................................................................................................................................... 19
Network.............................................................................................................................................................. 30
4G .......................................................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Wan........................................................................................................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
LAN.................................................................................................................................................................. 36
3
Wireless........................................................................................................................................................... 38
Backup WAN ........................................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Firewall............................................................................................................................................................ 43
Static Routes .................................................................................................................................................... 45
Diagnostics....................................................................................................................................................... 46
Services ............................................................................................................................................................... 47
PING Reboot..................................................................................................................................................... 47
SMS Reboot ..................................................................................................................................................... 48
Status via SMS.................................................................................................................................................. 48
NTP.................................................................................................................................................................. 49
Dynamic DNS.................................................................................................................................................... 50
Wireless hotspot ..................................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
OpenVPN......................................................................................................................................................... 51
IPsec................................................................................................................................................................ 53
GRE Tunnel....................................................................................................................................................... 56
Systems...................................................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Configuration Wizard............................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Administration ................................................................................................................................................. 57
Administration properties................................................................................................................................. 57
Backup and Firmware........................................................................................................................................... 58
Reboot............................................................................................................................................................. 59
Logout................................................................................................................................................................. 59
Functionality not listed in menu................................................................................................................................ 59
SMS by HTTP POST/GET ............................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Glossary:................................................................................................................................................................. 60
SAFETY INFORMATION
In this document you will be introduced on how to use a MBR4G router safely. We suggest you to adhere to the
following recommendations in order to avoid personal injuries and or property damage.
You have to be familiar with the safety requirements before using the device!
To avoid burning and voltage caused traumas, of the personnel working with the device, please follow these safety
requirements.
4
The device is intended for supply from a Limited Power
Source (LPS) that power consumption should not exceed 15VA and current rating of overcurrent
protective device should not exceed 2A.
The highest transient overvoltage in the output (secondary circuit) of used PSU shall not exceed 71V
peak.
The device can be used with the Personal Computer (first safety class) or Notebook (second safety
class). Associated equipment: PSU (power supply unit) (LPS) and personal computer (PC) shall comply
with the requirements of standard EN 60950-1.
Do not mount or service the device during a thunderstorm.
To avoid mechanical damages to the device it is recommended to transport it packed in a damageproof
pack.
Protection in primary circuits of associated PC and PSU (LPS) against short circuits and earth faults of
associated PC shall be provided as part of the building installation.
To avoid mechanical damages to the device it is recommended to transport it packed in a damage-proof pack.
While using the device, it should be placed so, that its indicating LEDs would be visible as they inform in which working
mode the device is and if it has any working problems.
Protection against overcurrent, short circuiting and earth faults should be provided as a part of the building
installation.
Si gnal level of the devi ce depends on the envi ronment in whi ch i t is working. In case the devi ce s ta rts
working insuffi cientl y, please refer to qualified personnel in order to repai r this product. We recommend
forwa rding i t to a repai r centre or the manufa cturer. There are no exchangeable parts inside the devi ce.
5
Device connection
6
Introduction
Thank you for purchasing a MBR4G router!
MBR4G is part of the MBRxx series of compact mobile routers with high speed wireless and Ethernet connections. This
router is ideal for people who‘d like to share their internet on the go, as it is not restricted by a cumbersome cable
connection. Unrestricted, but not forgotten: the router still supports internet distribution via a WiFi Hotspot using an EC
model, simply plug it in to the wan port, set the router to a correct mode and you are ready to browse.
Specifications:
LAN and Wi-Fi:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Wireless AP, Router, 4-Port Switch and Firewall in one device
High performance 320 MHz CPU with 256 Mbits SDRAM
IEEE 802.11b/g/n, IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.3u standards
64/128-bit WEP, WPA, WPA2, WPA&WPA2 encryption methods
3xLAN 10/100Mbps Ethernet ports
1xWAN 10/100Mbps Ethernet port
Supports Auto MDI/MDIX
Remote/local Web management
1x 5dBi wireless antenna
SSID stealth mode and access control based over MAC address
System log to record the status of the Router
Auto negotiation/manual mode for IEEE 802.11b/g/n
Dynamic DNS
LAN access control over Internet connection
Virtual server
Auto wireless channel selection
OpenVPN
IPSec
SMS and Ping reboot
HSUPA/HSDPA/UMTS
•
•
•
•
•
Power Class 3 (0.25 W, 24 dBm) for UMTS
UMTS mode: 384 Kbps DL/384 Kbps UL
HSUPA mode: 5.76 Mbps (Cat 6) uplink speed
3dBi antenna
Downlink speed up to 21 Mbps or 7.2 Mbps
GSM/GPRS/EDGE
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
850/900/1800/1900 MHz
Power Class 4 (2 W, 33 dBm) for GSM/GPRS 850/900 MHz bands
Power Class 1 (1 W, 30 dBm) for GSM/GPRS 1800/1900 Mhz bands
Power Class E2 (0.5 W, 27 dBm) for EDGE 850/900 MHz bands
Power Class E2 (0.4 W, 26 dBm) for EDGE 1800/1900 MHz bands
GSM: 14.4 Kbps DL/14.4 Kbps UL
Module specific GPRS DL/UL speeds (up to 107 kbps (class 33))
7
•
Module specific EDGE DL/UL speeds (up to 296 kbps (class 33))
Electrica l, Mechanical & Environmental:
• Dimensions (H x W x D) 100mm x 85mm x 36mm
•
Weight 210 - 260g
•
•
Power Supply 100 – 240 VAC -> 9 VDC wall adapter
Input voltage range: 7 – 30VDC
•
•
Power Consumption < 7W
Antenna connectors 2 x SMA for 4G (1 x SMA for other models), 1 x RP-SMA for WiFi
•
•
Indicators 4 x Ethernet LEDs, 1 x Power LED, 1 x 4G LED
Operating Temperature 0C to +50C
•
•
Storage temperature -20C to +70C
Operating Humidity 10% to 90% Non-condensing
•
Storage humidity 5% to 95% Non-condensing
Applications
8
Setting up your router
Installation
After you unpack the box, follow the steps, documented below, in order to properly connect the device. For better WiFi
performance, put the device in clearly visible spot, as obstacles such as walls and door hinder the signal.
1. First assemble your router by attaching the necessary antennas and inserting the SIM card.
2. To power up your router, please use the power adapter included in the box or a suitable 12-24v DC regulated
supply. (IMPORTANT: Using a different AC power adapter can damage and void the warranty for this product.).
3. If you have a WaveWiFi EC connection you will also have to connect it to the WAN port of the router.
Front Panel
1
Power socket
2,3,4
LAN Ethernet ports
5
WAN Ethernet ports
6
Power LED
7,8,9
LAN LEDs
10
WAN LED
9
Back Panel
1
GSM main antenna connector
2
Wi-Fi antenna connector
3
GSM auxiliary antenna connector
(unavailable on alternate model)
4
Reset button
5
GSM LED
SIM Card
1. Remove back panel and insert SIM card which was given by your ISP (Internet Service Provider). Correct SIM
card orientation is shown in the picture.
2. Attach GSM main and Wi-Fi antennas.
3. Connect the power adapter to the socket on the front panel of the device. Then plug the other end of the power
adapter into a wall outlet or power strip.
4. Connect to the device wirelessly (SSID: WaveWiFi) or use Ethernet cable and plug it into any LAN Ethernet port.
10
Logging in
After you’re complete with the setting up as described in the section above, you are ready to start logging into your
router and start configuring it.
Right click on the Wireless network icon and select Connect / Disconnect. A list should pop up with all available wireless
networks. Select “WaveWiFi” and click connect.
Then we launch our favourite browser and enter the either
http://mobile.wavewifi.com
or enter the routers IP address into the address field:
192.168.111.1
Press enter. If there are no problems you should be greeted with the Switching Page like this
To Access the Admin pages select the Admin Menu from the top menu bar and you should be presented with a login
screen such as this:
11
Enter the default password, which is “wavewifi2014” into the password field then either click Login with your mouse or
press the Enter key. You have now successfully logged into the router and should see the Status page.
From here you can configure almost any aspect of your router.
Operation Modes
The MBR4G router supports various operation modes. It can be connected to the internet (WAN) via 4G, standard
Ethernet cable or via a wireless network using an EC model such as Rogue Pro. You can distribute your internet via an
Ethernet cable (3 ports) and/or a wireless network.
LAN
WAN
Ethernet
Wi-Fi
4G
√
√
Ethernet
√
√
In later sections it will be explained, bit by bit, how to configure your router to work in a desired mode.
Powering Options
The MBR4G router can be powered from power socket (1) using either a local DC supply or the supplied AC Power
Adapter
12
Using terminal block for power input
The MBR4G is fitted with a 3.5mm contact pitch terminal block for power input instead of traditional 5.5x2.5mm power
socket, below there is an instruction on how to power up router.
1. Loosen the screws on the top of the plug, so that the wires could fit into the plug holes. Use a screwdriver
with a flat tip.
2. Strip the ends of the wires (strip length 5-6mm ), then place the positive and negative wires into the plug as
shown in the picture below. Make sure to use the same wire polarity like in the picture. Use wire size of 1418
AWG (1.02-1.63mm in diameter).
3. After wire is inserted, tighten the screws on the plug.
4. Insert the plug into the socket on the router:
13
5. The other end of the wire needs to be connected to the power supply of your choice.
Recommended wattage of power supply:
≥9W (for powering only MBR4G)
≥24W (for powering MBR4G and four MVC300 cameras connected to it )
In a MBR4G+MVC300 solution, recommended power supply voltage is ≥12V, especially when cameras are far
away from MBR4G, connected with long RJ45 cables.
Powering the device from higher voltage
The device can accept input voltage up to 30 VDC. If you decide not to use our standard 9 VDC wall adapter and want to
power the device from higher voltage (15 – 30 VDC) please make sure that you choose power supply of high quality.
Some power supplies can produce voltage peaks significantly higher than the declared output voltage, especially during
connecting and disconnecting them.
While the device is designed to accept input voltage of up to 30 VDC peaks from high voltage power supplies can harm
the device. If you want to use high voltage power supplies it is recommended to also use additional safety equipment to
suppress voltage peaks from power supply.
Function explanations
The following sections contain a detailed explanation of every page, tab and sub tab of the configuration interface in the
order that they appear on the router.
Status
The status section contains various information, like current IP addresses of various network interfaces; the state of the
routers memory; firmware version; DHCP leases; associated wireless stations; graphs indicating load, traffic, etc.; and
much more.
System Information
The System Information tab contains data that pertains to the routers operating system.
14
System
Field Name
Sample value
Explanation
1. Router Name
WaveWiFi
Name of the router (hostname of the routers system).
2. Router Model
WaveWiFi MBR4G
Routers model.
3. Firmware
Version
MBR4G_R_00.00.436
Shows the version of the firmware that is currently loaded in the router.
Newer versions might become available as new features are added. Use
this field to decide whether you need a firmware upgrade or not.
4. Kernel Version
3.2.15
The version of the Linux kernel that is currently running on the router.
5. Local Time
Fri Jun 29 16:38:48 2012
Shows the current system time. Might differ from your computer,
because the router synchronizes it's time with an NTP server.
6. Uptime
4h 29m 3s
Indicates how long it has been since the router booted up. Reboots will
reset this timer to 0.
7. Load Average
0.98, 0.57, 0.30
Indicates how busy the router is. Let's examine some sample output:
"2.43, 2.96, 3.41". The first number 2.43 means that in the past minute
there have been, on average, 2.43 processes running or waiting for a
resource. The second number show that in the past 10 minutes, on
average, there have been 2.96 processes running or waiting for a
resource. The last number indicates the same on the last 15 minutes.
Memory
Field Name
Sample Value
Explanation
1.
Total Available
14416/29964
Shows how much memory is available to maintain routers functionality.
2.
Free
1476/29964
The amount of memory that is completely free. Should this rapidly
decrease or get close to 0, it would indicate that the router is running out
of memory, which could cause crashes and unexpected reboots.
3.
Cached
9868/29964
The size of the area of memory that is dedicated to storing frequently
accessed data.
4.
Buffered
3072/29964
The size of the area in which data is temporarily stored before moving it to
another location.
15
Network Information
This page is much like the status page, previously described, though dedicated to data associated with networking.
4G
Statistics for the 4G modem and the connection.
Field Name
Explanation
1.
State
Shows the state of the connection.
2.
IMEI
Shows the 4G modems IMEI number.
3.
Sim card state
Indicates whether the SIM card is inserted or not.
6.
Signal strength
Indicates connection strength.
7.
Operator
Indicates the operator of the mobile network.
8.
Connection type
Indicates the connection type.
9.
Bytes received
How many bytes were received via 4G.
10. Bytes sent
How many bytes were sent via 4G.
WAN
Statistics on the routers WAN connection.
16
Field Name
Sample Value
Explanation
1.
Interface
4G
Specifies through what medium the router is connecting to the internet.
This can either be Wired, 4G or Wi-Fi.
2.
Type
DHCP
Specifies the type of connection. This can either be static, DHCP or PPPoE.
3.
IPv4
address
10.12.104.103
The IP address that the routers uses to connect the internet.
4.
Netmask
255.255.255.240
Indicates the networks netmask.
5.
Gateway
10.12.104.97
Indicates the default gateway, an address where traffic destined for the
internet is routed to.
6.
DNS#
8.8.8.8
Domain name server(s).
7.
Connected
0h 2m 2s
How long the connection has been successfully maintained.
LAN
Field Name
Sample Value
Explanation
1.
IPv4 address
192.168.89.161 Address that the router uses on the LAN network.
2.
Netmask
255.255.255.0
Indicates the networks netmask.
3.
Connected
0h 6m 14s
How long LAN has been successfully maintained.
Wireless
Wireless can work in two modes, AP or Client. AP is when the wireless radio is used to create an Access Point that other
devices can connect to. Client is when the radio is used to connect to an Access Point via WAN.
Client
Field Name
Sample Value
Explanation
1.
SSID
wavewifi
The SSID that the AP, to which the routers is connected to, uses.
2.
Mode
Client
Connection mode – Client indicates that the router is a client to some
local AP.
3.
Channel
11 (2.44 GHz)
The channel that the AP, to which the routers is connected to, uses.
Your wireless radio is forced to work in this channel in order to
maintain the connection.
4.
BSSID
C8:3A:53:02:FC:B0
The MAC address of the access points radio.
17
5.
Encryption
WPA2 PSK (CCMP)
The AP, to which the router is connected to, dictates the type of
encryption.
6.
Bit rate
65.0 MBit/s
The physical maximum possible throughput that the routers radio
can handle. Keep in mind that this value is cumulative - The bitrate
will be shared between the router and other possible devices that
connect to the local AP.
7.
Country
LT
Country code.
AP
Field Name
Sample Value
Explanation
1. Signal Quality
100%
The quality between routers radio and some other device that is connecting
to the router. Will show 0% if no devices are trying to connect or are currently
maintaining a connection.
2. SSID
wavewifi
The SSID that is being broadcast. Other devices will see this and will be able to
use to connect to your wireless network.
3. Mode
Master
Connection mode – Master indicates that you router is an access point.
4. Channel
6 (2.44 GHz)
The channel which is used to broadcast the SSID and to establish new
connections to devices.
5. BSSID
00:0C:43:30:50:38 MAC address of your wireless radio.
6. Encryption
WPA2 PSK (CCMP) The type of encryption that the router will use to authenticate, establish and
maintain a connection.
7. Bit rate
1.0 MBit/s
The bitrate will be shared between all devices that connect to the routers
wireless network.
8. Country
LT
Country code.
Additional note: MBit/s indicates the bits not bytes. To get the throughput in bytes divide the bit value by 8, for e.g.
54MBits/s would be 6.75MB/s (Mega Bytes per second).
Associated Stations
Outputs a list of all devices and their MAC addresses that are maintain a connection with your router right now.
18
DHCP Leases
If you have enabled a DHCP server this field will show how many devices have received an IP address and what those IP
addresses are.
The picture above shows a DHCP lease for an Android phone that is currently connecting to the routers Access Point.
Routes
ARP
Shows the routers active ARP table. An ARP table contains recently cached MAC addresses of every immediate device
that was communicating with the router.
Active IPv4-Routes
Shows the routers routing table. The routing table indicates where a TCP/IP packet, with a specific IP address, should be
directed to.
Realtime Graphs
Real-time graphs show how various statistical data changes over time. Load
19
This tri-graph illustrates average system load over the course of ~3 minutes; each new measurement is taken every 3
seconds. The graph consists out of three colour coded graphs, each one corresponding to the average system load over
1 (red), 5 (orange) and 15 (yellow) most recent minutes. Although not graphed, the page also displays peak loads over 1,
5 and 15 minutes.
Traffic
Bridge
20
Cumulative graph, which encompasses wired Ethernet LAN and the wireless network.
LAN+WAN
21
Graphs the total traffic that passes through both WAN and LAN network interfaces. LAN
22
Indicates how much traffic has been passed through your Ethernet LAN network.
WAN(x)
23
Graphs the amount of traffic which passed through the current active WAN connection. Wi-Fi
24
Shows the amount of traffic that has been sent and received through the wireless radio.
Wireless
25
This graph illustrates how signal strength and the amount of noise change over time.
26
This graph illustrates how the physical rate of wireless changes over time.
Connections
27
This graph shows a concise history of the amount of connections that the router maintained.
Blue graph indicates UDP connections, green TCP and red other types (ICMP, etc…). Other values indicate each
respective graphs average and peak connection amounts over 3 minutes.
28
On the same page you can also analyze a detailed list of all active connections that the router maintains. Each entry
consist of a type of network (“IPV4”), protocol (TCP, UDP, ICMP), the source address (an IPv4 address + the source port),
the destination address (an IPv4 address + the destination port) and how much traffic has gone through that particular
connection: it’s size in Bytes and the amount of packets.
29
Network
4G
Here you can configure the 4G specific settings which are used when connecting to your local 4G network.
The configuration is simple and straightforward. Here we will gloss over all the fields:
Field name
Possible values
Explanation
1. APN
“bangapro”
Access Point Name (APN) is a configurable network identifier used by a
mobile device when connecting to a GSM carrier.
There is a detailed list available at http://store.exmoor-tech.co.uk
2. PIN Number
“5555” or any
A personal identification number is a secret numeric password shared
number that falls
between 0000 and
9999
between a user and a system that can be used to authenticate the user
to the system.
3. 4G authentication
method
CHAP, PAP or none
Authentication method, that your carrier uses to authenticate new
connections.
4. Username
“user”
5. Password
“password”
Your username and password that you would use to connect to your
carriers network. These field become available when you select an
authentication method (i.e. authentication method is not “none”).
These fields are always enabled on the alternate model.
6. Preferred network
2G,3 G, 4G or Auto
Your network preference. If your local mobile network supports both
GSM (2G) and UMTS (3G) or LTE (4G) you can specify to which network
you wish to connect. E.g.: if you choose GSM (2G), the router will
connect to a GSM (2G) network, so long as it is available, otherwise it
will connect to a UMTS (3G) network. If you select auto, then the router
will connect to the network that provides better connectivity.
Warning: If an invalid PIN number was entered (i.e. the entered PIN does not match the one that was used to protect
the SIM card), your SIM card will get blocked. To avoid such mishaps it is highly advised to use an unprotected SIM. If
you happen to insert a protected SIM and the PIN number is incorrect, your card won’t get blocked immediately,
although after a couple of reboots OR configuration saves it will.
30
Common configuration
Common configuration allows you to configure your TCP/IP settings for the wan network.
You can switch between the Static, DHCP or PPPoE protocol by selecting the protocol that you want to use and then
pressing Switch Protocol
General
This area is dedicated for protocol specific options.
Static:
This is the configuration setup for when you select the static protocol.
Filed name
Sample
Explanation
1.
IPv4 address
192.168111.162
Your routers address on the WAN network
2.
IPv4 netmask
255.255.255.0
A mask used to define how “large” the WAN network is
3.
IPv4 gateway
192.168.111.254 Address where the router will send all the outgoing traffic
4.
IPv4 broadcast
192.168.111.255 Broadcast address (autogenerated if not set). It is best to leave this
blank unless you know what you are doing.
5.
custom DNS servers
8.8.8.8 8.8.4.4
Usually the gateway has some predefined DNS servers. As such the
router, when it needs to resolve a hostname (“www.google.com”,
“www.cnn.com”, etc…) to an IP address, it will forward all the DNS
requests to the gateway. By entering custom DNS servers the router
will take care of host name resolution. You can enter multiple DNS
servers to provide redundancy in case the one of the server fails.
31
DHCP:
When you select the DHCP protocol you can use it as is, because most networks will not require any additional advanced
configuration.
PPPoE. This protocol is mainly used by DSL providers:
This is the configuration setup for when you select PPPoE protocol.
Filed name
Sample
Explanation
1.
PAP/CHAP username
test
2.
PAP/CHAP password
your_password
Your username and password that you would use to connect to your
carriers network.
3.
Access Concentrator
isp
Specifies the name of access concentrator. Leave empty to autodetect.
4.
Service Name
isp
Specifies the name of the service. Leave empty to autodetect.
Advanced
These are the advanced settings for each of the protocols, if you are unsure of how to alter these attributes it is highly
recommended to leave them to a trained professional:
Static:
32
Field name
Sample value
Explanation
1.
Bring up on boot
On
Specifies whether the interface will be configured and brought up
when the router boots up. Disabling will render your WAN
connection non-functional
2
Disable NAT
On/Off
Toggle NAT on and off.
3.
Override MAC address
00:0C:43:30:50:38
Override MAC address of the WAN interface. If your ISP gives you a
static IP address it might also bind it to your computers MAC
address (i.e. that IP will only work with your computer). In this
field you can enter your computers MAC address and fool the
gateway in thinking that it is communicating with your computer.
4.
Override MTU
1500
Maximum transmission unit – specifies the largest possible size of
a data packet.
5.
Use gateway metric
0
The WAN configuration by default generates a routing table entry.
With this field you can alter the metric of that entry.
DHCP:
33
PPPoE:
34
IP Aliases
IP aliases are a way of defining or reaching a subnet that works in the same space as the regular network.
35
As you can see, the configuration is very similar to the static protocol; only in the example a 55’th subnet is defined.
Now if some device has an IP in the 55 subnet (192.168.55.xxx) and the subnets gateway metric is “higher” and the
device is trying to reach the internet it will reroute it’s traffic not to the gateway that is defined in common
configurations but through the one that is specified in IP aliases.
You may also optionally define a broadcast address and a custom DNS server.
LAN
This page is used to configure the LAN network, where all your devices and computers that you connect to the router
will reside.
36
The common configuration and IP aliasing sections are identical to the ones found in WAN, so for an explanation on how
they work please follow through there.
DHCP Server
The DHCP server is the router side service that can automatically configure the TCP/IP settings of any device that
requests such a service. If you connect a device that has been configured to obtain IP address automatically the DHCP
server will lease an address and the device will be able to fully communicate with the router.
1.
Field Name
Sample value
Explanation
Disable
Checked/unchecked Check to DISABLE the DHCP server.
37
2.
Start
100
The starting address of the range that the DHCP server can use to give out to
devices. E.g.: if your LAN IP is 192.168.111.1 and your subnet mask is
255.255.255.0 that means that in your network a valid IP address has to be in
the range of [192.168.111.1 – 192.168.111.254](192.168.111.0 and
192.168.111.255 are special unavailable addresses). If the Start value is set to
100 then the DHCP server will only be able to lease out addresses starting
from 192.168.111.100
3.
Limit
150
How many addresses the DHCP server gets to lease out. Continuing on the
above example: if the start address is 192.168.2.100 then the end address will
be 192.168.111.254 (100 + 150 – 1 = 254).
4.
Lease time
12h
How long can a leased IP be considered valid. An IP address after the
specified amount of time will expire and the device that leased it out will have
to request for a new one.
Advanced s ettings
You can also define some advanced options that specify how the DHCP server will operate on your LAN network.
Field Name
Sample Value
Explanation
1. Dynamic DHCP Checked/Unchecked
Dynamically allocate client addresses, if set to 0 only clients present
in the ethers files are served
2. Force
Checked/Unchecked
Forces DHCP serving even if another DHCP server is detected on the
same network segment.
3. IPv4 netmask
255.255.255.0
You can override your LAN netmask here to make the DHCP server
think it’s serving a larger or a smaller network than it actually is.
4. DHCP-Options
6,192.168.89.1,192.168.111.1 Additional options to be added for this DHCP server. For example
with '26,1470' or 'option:mtu, 1470' you can assign an MTU per
26,1470 option:mtu,
DHCP.
1470
Your client must accept MTU by DHCP for this to work.
Wireless
On this page you can configure your wireless settings. Depending on whether your WAN mode is set to Wifi or not, the
page will display either the options for configuring an Access Point or options for configuring a connection to some local
access point.
Access Point:
38
Here you can see the Overview of the wireless configuration. It is divided into two main sections – device and interface.
One is dedicated to configuring hardware parameters other – software.
39
Device
General
Here you can toggle the availability of the wireless radio and the physical channel frequency.
Important note: As seen in the picture you should always Save before toggling the radio on and off.
Advanced
Here you can configure more advanced parameters:
Field name
Sample value
Explanation
1. Mode
Auto, b, g, g+n
Different modes provide different throughput and security
options.
2. Country Code
Any ISO/IEC 3166
alpha2 country code
Selecting this will help the wireless radio configure its internal
parameters to meet your countries wireless regulations.
3. Distance Optimization
100
Distance to farthest network member in meters.
4. Frag. Threshold
2346
The smallest packet size that can be fragmented and transmitted
by multiple frames. In areas were interference is a problem,
setting a lower fragment threshold might help reduce the
probability of unsuccessful packet transfers, thus increasing
speed.
5. RTS/CTS Threshold
2346
Request to send threshold. It can help resolve problems arising
when several access points are in the same area, contending.
40
Interface
General
ESSID – Your wireless networks identification string. This is the name of your Wi-Fi network. When other Wi-Fi capable
computers or devices scan the area for Wi-Fi networks they will see your network with this name.
Hide ESSID – Will render your SSID hidden from other devices that try to scan the area.
Security
Encryption – There are many modes of encryption, though two distinctive classes have to pointed out. WEP
Enter the keys that will be used as passphrase for connecting computers and then specify which key will be preferred
above the remaining. It’s sufficient to enter one key and then specify it as the preferred one. Length is important as well:
10 or 26 characters in length in hex mode OR 5 or 13 in ASCII mode. A hex key may only contain numbers ‘0’ through ‘9’
and letters ‘a’ through ‘f’.
WPA
41
First select an encryption method: TKIP, CCMP, TKIP&CCMP, auto. Note: Some authentication methods won’t support
TKIP (and TKIP&CCMP) encryption. After you’ve selected your encryption method, you should enter your passphrase,
which must be at least 8 characters long.
MAC-Filter
Filter – you can define a rule for what to do with the MAC list you’ve defined. You can either allow only the listed MACs
or allow ALL, but forbid only the listed ones.
Client
Client mode is nearly identical to AP, except for the fact that most for the options are dictated by the wireless access
point that the router is connecting to. Changing them can result in an interrupted connection to an AP.
In addition to standard options you can also click the Scan button to rescan the surrounding area and attempt to
connect to a new wireless access point.
The majority of the options consist of timing and other important parameters that help determine the health of your
primary connection. Regular health checks are constantly performed in the form of ICMP packets (PINGs) on your
primary connection. When the connections state starts to change (READY->NOT READY and vice versa) a necessary
amount of failed or passed health checks has to be reached before the state changes completely. This delay is instituted
so as to mitigate “spikes” in connection availability, but it also extends the time before the backup link can be brought
up or down.
Field Name
Sample value
1. Health Monitor Interval
Dsb/5/10/20/30/60/120 Seconds
The interval at which health checks are
performed
2. Health Monitor ICMP HOST
Dsb/DNS/WAN GW/Custom
Where to PING for a health check. As there is
no definitive way to determine when the
connection to internet is down for good,
you’ll have to define a host whose
availability that of the internet as a whole.
3. Health Monitor ICMP Timeout
½/3/4/5/10 Seconds
How long to wait for an ICMP request to
come back. Set a higher value if your
connection has high latency or high jitter
(latency spikes).
42
4. Attempts Before WAN Failover
1/3/5/10/15/20
How many checks should fail for your WAN
connection to be declared DOWN for good.
5. Attempts Before WAN Recovery 1/3/5/10/15/20
How many checks should pass for your WAN
connection to be declared UP.
6. DNS Servers
Auto/Custom
Define custom DNS servers. Has meaning
when you select DNS as your Health Monitor
ICMP HOST.
7. Backup ICMP host
IPv4 address
This is where the address of an ICMP host,
that will be used to check the health of your
4G backup link, goes. This has to be a
pingable host.
Firewall
In this section we will look over the various firewall features that come with MBR4G.
General Settings
The routers firewall is a standard linux iptables package, which uses routing chains and policies to facilitate control over
inbound and outbound traffic.
Field name
Sample value
Explanation
1. Enable SYN-flood
protection
Checked/Unchecked When checked the router becomes more resistant against SYNflood
attacks.
2. Drop Invalid packets
Checked/Unchecked A “Drop” action is performed on a packet that is determined to be
invalid
3. Input
Reject/Drop/Accept
DEFAULT* action that is to be performed for packets that pass
through the Input chain.
4. Output
Reject/Drop/Accept
DEFAULT* action that is to be performed for packets that pass
through the Output chain.
5. Forward
Reject/Drop/Accept
DEFAULT* action that is to be performed for packets that pass
through the Forward chain.
*DEFAULT: When a packet goes through a firewall chain it is matched against all the rules for that specific chain. If no
rule matches said packet, an according Action (either Drop or Reject or Accept) is performed.
43
Accept – Packet gets to continue down the next chain.
Drop – Packet is stopped and deleted.
Reject – Packet is stopped, deleted and, differently from Drop, an ICMP packet containing a message of rejection is sent
to the source of the dropped packet.
DMZ
By enabling DMZ for a specific internal host (for e.g.: your computer), you will expose that host and its services to the
routers WAN network (i.e. - internet).
Port Forwarding
Here you can define your own port forwarding rules.
You can use port forwarding to set up servers and services on local LAN machines. The above picture shows how you can
set up a rule that would allow a website that is being hosted on 192.168.99.156, to be reached from the outside by
entering http://routersExternalIp:12345/ .
Field Name
Sample Value
Explanation
1. Name
“localWebsite”
Name of the rule. Used purely to make it easier to manage rules.
2. Protocol
TCP/UDP/TCP+UDP/Other Type of protocol of incoming packet.
3. External Port
1- 65535
From what port on the WAN network will the traffic be
forwarded.
4. Internal IP address
IPv4 address of some
computer on your LAN
The IP address of the internal machine that hosts some service
that we want to access from the outside.
5. Internal port
1-65535
To what port on the internal machine would the rule redirect the
traffic.
Additional note: Notice how the external port is 12345 and not 80. It is perfectly fine to define the external port as 80,
but then the routers configuration interface would not reachable (unless you change the web access port from remote
management).
When you click edit you can fine tune a rule to near perfection, if you should desire that.
44
Traffic Rules
The traffic rule page contains a more generalized rule definition. With it you can block or open ports, alter how traffic is
forwarded between LAN and WAN and many more things.
Field name
Sample Value
Explanation
1. Name
“ruleName”
Used to make rule management easier
2. Family
IPv4
Only IPv4 is currently supported
3. Protocol
TCP/UDP/Other…
Protocol of the packet that is being matched against traffic rules.
4. Source
IPv4 address
The source of the packet.
5. Destination
IPv4 address
The destination of the packet
6. Action
Drop/Accept/Reject
+ chain + additional
rules
Action to be taken on the packet if it matches the rule. You can also define
additional options like limiting packet volume, and defining to which chain the
rule belongs
7. Enable
Checked/Unchecked Self-explanatory. Uncheck to make the rule inactive. The rule will not be
deleted, but it also will not be loaded into the firewall.
8. Sort
Up/Down
When a packet arrives, it gets checked for a matching rule. If there are several
rules that match the rule, the first one is applied i.e. the order of the rule list
impacts how your firewall operates, therefore you are given the ability to sort
your list as you wish.
Custom Rules
Here you have the ultimate freedom in defining your rules – you can enter them straight into the iptables program. Just
type them out into the text field ant it will get executed as a linux shell script. If you are unsure of how to use iptables,
check the internet out for manuals, examples and explanations.
Static Routes
Static routes provide a way of entering custom entries in the internal routing table of the router.
Field name
Value
Explanation
1. Interface
Lan/wan
The zone where the ‘Target’ resides
2. Target
IPv4 address
The source of the traffic.
3. IPv4-Netmask
IPv4 mask
Mask that is applied to the Target to determine to what actual IP
addresses the routing rule applies
4. IPv4-Gateway
IPv4 address
To where the router should send all the traffic that applies to the rule
45
5. Metric
integer
Used as a sorting measure. If a packet about to be routed fits two rules,
the one with the higher metric is applied.
Additional note on Target & Netmask: You can define a rule that applies to a single IP like this: Target - some IP; Netmask
- 255.255.255.255. Furthermore you can define a rule that applies to a segment of IPs like this: Target – some IP that
STARTS the segment; Netmask – Netmask that defines how large the segment is. E.g.:
192.168.55.161
255.255.255.255
Only applies to 192.168.55.161
192.168.55.0
255.255.255.0
Applies to IPs in range 192.168.55.0-192.168.55.255
192.168.55.240
255.255.255.240
Applies 192.168.55.240 - 192.168.55.255
192.168.55.161
255.255.255.0
192.168.55.0 - 192.168.55.255
192.168.0.0
255.255.0.0
192.168.0.0 - 192.168.255.255
Diagnostics
Contains Network Utilities used for testing network.
Ping – the utility used to test the reachability of a host on an Internet IP network and to measure the round-trip time for
messages sent from the originating host to a destination server. Enter server IP address or hostname and click “Ping”.
Server echo response will be shown after few seconds if server is accessible.
Traceroute – diagnostic tool for displaying the route (path) and measuring transit delays of packets across an Internet IP
network. Enter server IP address or hostname and click “Traceroute”. Log containing route information will be shown
after few seconds.
Nslookup – network administration command-line tool for querying the Domain Name System (DNS) to obtain domain
name or IP address mapping or for any other specific DNS record. Enter server hostname and click “Nslookup”. Log
containing specified server DNS lookup information will be shown after few seconds. Full manual with all available
“Nslookup” commands and parameters can be found in Linux manual page nslookup(1).
Important notes:
Note that DNS server must be configured correctly if you use server hostname instead of server IP
address in address field.
46
Services
PING Reboot
PING Reboot function will periodically send PING command to server and waits for echo receive. If no echo is received
router will try again sending PING command defined number times, after defined time interval. If no echo is received
after the defined number of unsuccessful retries, router will reboot. It is possible to turn of the router rebooting after
defined unsuccessful retries. Therefore this feature can be used as “Keep Alive” function, when router PINGs the host
unlimited number of times.
Common configuration
Field name
Description
Notes
1. Enable PING Reboot
This check box will enable or disable PING reboot
feature.
PING Reboot is disabled by
default.
2. Reboot router if no echo
received
This check box will disable router rebooting after
the defined number of unsuccessful retries.
This check box must be
unselected if you want to use
PING Reboot feature as “Keep
Alive” function.
3. Interval between PINGs
Time interval in minutes between two PINGs.
Minimum time interval is 5
minutes.
4. Retry count
Number of times try sending PING to server after
time interval if echo receive was unsuccessful.
Minimum retry number is 1.
Second retry will be done after
defined time interval.
5. Server to PING
Server IP address or host name, which will receive
PING from router
If you use server host name
instead of the IP address you
must configure DNS server first.
Important notes:
Always check if your defined server responds to echo commands before using PING Reboot
function. Otherwise router keeps rebooting after unsuccessful PING echo receive. You can test
PING send at “Network” > “Diagnostics”.
47
SMS Reboot
It is possible to reboot router via SMS text message. This function is useful when router does not respond and it is
difficult to manually restart router by hand.
Common configuration
Field name
Description
Notes
1. Enable SMS Reboot
This check box will enable and
disable SMS reboot function.
SMS reboot is disabled by default.
2. SMS text
SMS text which will reboot
router.
SMS text can contain letters, numbers, spaces and
special symbols. Capital letters also matters.
3. Sender phone number
Phone number of person who
can reboot router via SMS
message
You can add as many phone numbers as you need.
Dropdown list with additional rows will show up if you
click on “add” icon at the end of phone number row.
4. Get status
Check this to receive connection Disabled by default.
status via SMS after a reboot.
Status via SMS
It is possible to get routers connection status via SMS text message. Common
configuration
Field name
Description
Notes
1. Enable SMS Status
This check box will enable and
disable SMS status function.
SMS status is disabled by default.
2. SMS text
SMS text which will send routers
status.
SMS text can contain letters, numbers, spaces and special
symbols. Capital letters also matters.
3. Sender phone
number
Phone number of person who can
receive router status via SMS
message
You can add as many phone numbers as you need.
Dropdown list with additional rows will show up if you
click on “add” icon at the end of phone number row.
Important Notes:
•
4G settings must be configured correctly. If SIM card has PIN number you must enter it at
“Network” > “4G” settings. Otherwise SMS reboot function will not work.
48
•
Sender phone number must contain country code.
You can check sender phone number format by reading the details of old SMS text massages
you receiving usually.
NTP
Hostname, Network Time Protocol (NTP) and time zone configuration settings is needed to periodically update router
local time.
Common configuration
“Sync with browser” button will synchronize local router time with computer browser time.
Field name
Description
Notes
1. Local Time
Local time of router.
---
2. Hostname
Hostname of router.
---
3. Timezone
Time zone of your country.
---
4. Enable builtin NTP
This check box will turn on
automatic time synchronizing
with defined NTP servers.
When check box is selected you must enter one or more
working NTP servers. Otherwise time sync feature will not
work.
5. NTP server
candidates
NTP server hostname.
You can add as many servers as you need by clicking
“add” button at the end of server hostname field.
49
Dynamic DNS
Dynamic DNS (DDNS) is a domain name service allowing to link dynamic IP addresses to static hostname.
To start using this feature firstly you should register to DDNS service provider.
You are provided with add/delete buttons to manage and use different DDNS configurations at the same time!
Field name
Description
1.
Enable
Enables current DDNS configuration.
2.
Status
Timestamp of the last IP check or update.
3.
Service
Your dynamic DNS service provider selected from the list:
1. dydns.org
2. 3322.org
3. no-ip.com
4. easydns.com
5. zoneedit.com
In case your DDNS provider is not present from the ones provided, please feel free to use
"custom" and add hostname of the update URL.
4.
Hostname
Domain name which will be linked with dynamic IP address.
5.
Username
Name of the user account.
6.
Password
Password of the user account.
7.
IP renew
interval
Time interval (in minutes) to check if the IP address of the device have changed.
8.
Force IP renew
Time interval (in minutes) to force IP address renew.
50
OpenVPN
VPN (Virtual Private Network) is a method for secure data transfer through unsafe public network. This section explains
how to configure OpenVPN, which is implementation of VPN supported by the MBR4G router.
A picture above demonstrates default OpenVPN configurations list, which is empty, so you have to define a new
configuration to establish any sort of OpenVPN connection. To create it, enter desired configuration name in “New
configuration name” field, select device role from “Role” drop down list. For example, to create a OpenVPN client with
configuration name Demo, select client role, name it “Demo” and press “Add New” button as shown in the following
picture.
A new configuration entry has appeared in the list and it is populated with default OpenVPN client settings.
(You could select a server in previous step to create server default configuration).
To see at specific configuration settings press “edit” button located in newly created configuration entry. A new page
with detailed configuration appears, as shown in the picture below.
51
You can set custom settings here according to your VPN needs. Below is summary of parameters available to set:
1.
Field name
Explanation
Enabled
Switches configuration on and off. This must be selected to make configuration active.
52
2.
TUN/TAP
Selects virtual VPN interface type. TUN is most often used in typical IP-level VPN connections,
however, TAP is required to some Ethernet bridging configurations.
3.
Protocol
Defines a transport protocol used by connection. You can choose here between TCP and UDP.
4.
Port
defines TCP or UDP port number (make sure, that this port allowed by firewall).
5.
LZO
This setting enables LZO compression. With LZO compression, your VPN connection will
generate less network traffic; however, this means higher router CPU loads. Use it carefully
with high rate traffic or low CPU resources.
6.
Authentication
Sets authentication mode, used to secure data sessions. Two possibilities you have here:
“Static” means, that OpenVPN client and server will use the same secret key, which must be
uploaded to the router using “Static pre-shared key” option. “Tls” authentication mode uses
X.509 type certificates. Depending on your selected OpenVPN mode (client or server) you have
to upload these certificates to the router:
For client: Certificate Authority (CA), Client certificate, Client key.
For server: Certificate Authority (CA), Server certificate, Server key and Diffie-Hellman (DH)
certificate used to key exchange through unsafe data networks.
All mention certificates can be generated using OpenVPN or OpenSSL utilities on any type host
machine. Certificate generation and theory is out of scope of this user manual.
7.
Remote host IP
address
IP address of OpenVPN server (applicable only for client configuration).
8.
Resolve Retry
Sets time in seconds to try resolve server hostname periodically in case of first resolve failure
before generating service exception.
9.
Keep alive
Defines two time intervals: one is used to periodically send ICMP request to OpenVPN server,
and another one defines a time window, which is used to restart OpenVPN service, if no ICPM
request is received during the window time slice.
10.
Local tunnel
endpoint
IP address of virtual local network interface (applicable only for point to point connections).
11.
Remote tunnel
endpoint
IP address of virtual remote network interface.
12.
Remote
network IP
address
IP address of remote virtual network.
13.
Remote
network IP
netmask
Subnet mask of remote virtual network.
After setting any of these parameters press “Save” button. Some of selected parameters will be shown in the
configuration list table. You should also be aware of the fact that router will launch separate OpenVPN service for every
configuration entry (if it is defined as active, of course) so the router has ability to act as server and client at the same
time.
IPsec
The IPsec protocol client enables the router to establish a secure connection to an IPsec peer via the Internet. IPsec is
supported in two modes - transport and tunnel. Transport mode creates secure point to point channel between two
hosts. Tunnel mode can be used to build a secure connection between two remote LANs serving as a VPN solution.
53
IPsec system maintains two databases: Security Policy Database (SPD)
which defines whether to apply IPsec to a packet or not and specify which/how IPsec-SA is applied and Security
Association Database (SAD), which contain Key of each IPsec-SA.
The establishment of the Security Association (IPsec-SA) between two peers is needed for IPsec communication. It can
be done by using manual or automated configuration.
Note: router starts establishing tunnel when data from router to remote site over tunnel is sent. For automatic tunnel
establishment used tunnel keep alive feature.
Automatic IPSec Key exchange
Field name
Description
1.
Enable IPSec
Check box to enable IPSec.
2.
IPSec key exchange mode
Automatic Key exchange.
3.
Enable NAT traversal
Enable this function if client-to-client applications will be used.
4.
Enable initial contact
Enable this to send an INITIAL-CONTACT message.
5.
Peers identifier type
Choose “fqdn” or “user fqdn” accordingly to your IPSec server configuration.
6.
Mode
Select “Main” or “Aggressive” mode accordingly to your IPSec server
configuration.
7.
My identifier
Set the device identifier for IPSec tunnel.
8.
Preshare key
specify the authentication secret [string]. Secret’s length depends on selected
algorithm, eg. 128 bit long secret is 16 characters in length, 128 bits / 8 bits
(one character) = 16.
9.
Remote VPN Endport
set remote IPSec server IP address.
54
Phase 1 and Phase 2 must be configured accordingly to the IPSec server configuration.
Remote Network Secure Group – Set the remote network (Secure Policy Database) information.
55
Field name
Explanation
1.
Tunnel keep alive
Allows sending ICMP echo request (ping utility) to the remote tunnel network. This
function may be used to automatically start the IPSec tunnel.
2.
Ping IP address
Enter IP address to which ICMP echo requests will be sent.
3.
Ping period (seconds)
Set sent ICMP request period in seconds.
GRE Tunnel
GRE (Generic Routing Encapsulation RFC2784) is a solution for tunnelling RFC1812 private address-space traffic over an
intermediate TCP/IP network such as the Internet. GRE tunnelling does not use encryption it simply encapsulates data
and sends it over the WAN.
In the example network diagram two distant networks LAN1 and LAN2 are connected.
To create GRE tunnel the user must know the following parameters:
1. Source and destination IP addresses.
2. Tunnel local IP address
3. Distant network IP address and Subnet mask
56
Field name
Explanation
1.
Enable GRE Tunnel
Check the box to enable the GRE Tunnel function.
2.
TTL
Specify the fixed time-to-live (TTL) value on tunnelled packets [0-255]. The 0 is a
special value meaning that packets inherit the TTL value.
3.
PMTUD
Check the box to enable the Path Maximum Transmission Unit Discovery (PMTUD)
status on this tunnel.
4.
Remote tunnel network
address
Specify remote LAN Subnet address.
5.
Remote CIDR
Specify remote LAN Subnet CIDR value.
6.
Remote IP address
Specify remote WAN IP address.
7.
MTU
Specify the maximum transmission unit (MTU) of a communications protocol of a
layer in bytes.
Administration
Administration properties
Administration password
Field name
Explanation
1. Password
Enter your new administration password.
2. Confirmation
Important notes:
Re-enter your new administration password.
•
The onl y wa y to gain access to the web management i f you forget the administra tor password is to
reset the devi ce fa ctory defaul t settings . Defaul t admi nistra tor login settings a re:
User Name: admin
Password: wavewifi2014
Logging
System logs are divided into following groups:
•
Info
57
•
•
Notice
•
•
•
Error
Critical
Alert
•
Emergency
Warning
You can watch logs by choosing the group from dropdown list and clicking button “show”.
SSH Access control
Field name
Explanation
1.
SSH Access
SSH can be enabled or disabled by choosing “Enable“ or “Disable“ from dropdown list.
2.
Port
Specify port for SSH access. Default port is 22.
3.
Remote SSH access
If check box is selected users can access the router via SSH from the outside (WAN). When
check box is not selected users can access the router only from LAN.
Note: The router has 2 users: „admin“ for webUI and „root“ for SSH. When logging in via SSH use „root“.
Web Access control
Field name
Explanation
1. HTTP Web server port
specify a port number for routers web management via HTTP protocol. Default port is 80.
2. Remote HTTP access
if check box is selected users can access the router via the HTTP WEB Interface from the
outside (WAN). When check box is not selected users can access the router only from LAN.
3. HTTPS server port
specify a port number for routers web management via HTTPS protocol. Default port is
443.
4. Remote HTTPS access
if check box is selected users can access the router via the HTTPS WEB Interface from the
outside (WAN). When check box is not selected users can access the router only from LAN.
Backup and Firmware
Router firmware backup, upgrade and settings reset to their factory defaults.
Backup and reset configuration
Backup archive – download current router setti ngs file to personal computer. Reset
to defaults – reset router settings to thei r defaul t val ues.
Restore configuration
Restore backup – upload and restore router settings file from personal computer.
Firmware upgrade
Keep settings – when check box is selected router will keep saved user configuration settings after firmware upgrade.
When check box is not selected all router settings will be restored to factory defaults after firmware upgrade.
Image – router firmware upgrade file.
Firmware upgrade – Verify
58
Compare firmware file checksum to ensure data integrity. If checksum is correct click “Proceed” button below. Wait until
upgrade process completes.
Important notes:
Leaving “Keep settings” check box unselected before upgrade process will change IP address of
router to default value 192.168.1.1 and you may need to configure router again (please read
chapter “Logging in” at page 9)
Warning: Do not ever remove router power supply and do not press reset button during upgrade process! This will
totally damage your router and it won’t be accessible. If you have any problems related to firmware upgrade you should
always consult with local dealer.
Reboot
Reboot router by pressing button “Reboot”.
Logout
Log out from router management WEB interface.
59
Glossary:
WAN – Wide Area Network is a telecommunication network that covers a broad area (i.e., any network that links across
metropolitan, regional, or national boundaries). Here we use the term WAN to mean the external network that the
router uses to reach the internet.
LAN – A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers in a limited area such as a home,
school, computer laboratory, or office building.
DHCP – The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network configuration protocol for hosts on Internet
Protocol (IP) networks. Computers that are connected to IP networks must be configured before they can communicate
with other hosts. The most essential information needed is an IP address, and a default route and routing prefix. DHCP
eliminates the manual task by a network administrator. It also provides a central database of devices that are connected
to the network and eliminates duplicate resource assignments.
ETHERNET CABLE – Refers to the CAT5 UTP cable with an RJ-45 connector. In other words: the most common internet
cable ever.
AP – Access point. An access point is any device that provides wireless connectivity for wireless clients. In this case,
when you enable Wi-Fi on your router, your router becomes an access point.
DNS – Domain Name Resolver. A server that translates names such as www.google.com to their respective IPs. In order
for your computer or router to communicate with some external server it needs to know it’s IP, its name
“www.something.com” just won’t do. There are special servers set in place that perform this specific task of resolving
names into IPs, called Domain Name servers. If you have no DNS specified you can still browse the web, provided that
you know the IP of the website you are trying to reach. For example enter 74.125.224.72 into a browser should open
the webpage for google.com. This is a good test for testing DNS settings.
60