PX200 - 140 Watt Piezo Driver
Manual and Specifications
PiezoDrive Pty. Ltd.
www.piezodrive.com
1
Contents
1
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................... 3
2
Warnings / Notes ....................................................................................................................................... 3
3
Specifications ............................................................................................................................................. 4
4
Output Voltage Range................................................................................................................................ 5
5
Output Current (200V Range) .................................................................................................................... 5
6
Output Current (100V Range) .................................................................................................................... 6
7
Power Bandwidth....................................................................................................................................... 7
8
Small Signal Bandwidth ............................................................................................................................ 10
9
Noise ........................................................................................................................................................ 11
10 Input and Offset Configuration ................................................................................................................ 12
11 Gain .......................................................................................................................................................... 12
12 Bridged Mode .......................................................................................................................................... 13
13 Overload Protection ................................................................................................................................. 13
14 Output Connection Diagram .................................................................................................................... 14
14.1
LEMO OB Cable Preparation .......................................................................................................... 15
14.2
LEMO OB Plug Assembly................................................................................................................ 15
15 Enclosure .................................................................................................................................................. 16
16 Warranty .................................................................................................................................................. 16
2
1
Introduction
The PX200 is a high-power low-noise amplifier designed to drive unlimited capacitive loads from DC to
100 kHz. The output voltage range is user-selectable from ±50V to +200V which provides a high degree of
application flexibility. In particular, two amplifiers can be connected in bridge-mode to provide ±200V with
280 Watts of power. The amplifier will deliver up to 4 Amps peak for sinusoidal operation, or up to 8 Amps
for pulse applications
The amplifier is compact, light-weight, and can be powered from any mains supply. The output connectors
include LEMO 00, LEMO 0B, and 4mm Banana Jacks so many commercially available piezoelectric actuators
can be directly connected. The PX200 is suited to a wide range of applications including: electro-optics,
ultrasonics, vibration control, nanopositioning systems, and piezoelectric motors.
2
Warnings / Notes
This device produces hazardous potentials and should be used by suitably qualified personnel under the
supervision of an observer with appropriate first-aid training. Do not operate the device when there are
exposed conductors.
High-Voltage
3
3
Specifications
Electrical
Output Voltage Ranges +50V to +200V, ±100V, -50V to +150V
RMS Current 1.5 Amps (3 Amps in 100V range)
Peak Current 2 Amps, 4 Amps, or 8 Amps
Gain 20 V/V
Slew Rate 35 V/us
Signal Bandwidth 390 kHz
Power Bandwidth 55 kHz (200 Vp-p sine-wave)
Max Power 140 W Dissipation
Offset 0V to Full Range with front panel adjustment
Load Stable with any load
Noise 270 uV RMS (10uF Load, 0.03 Hz to 1 MHz)
Overload Thermal and over-current protection
Analog Outputs
Voltage monitor 1/20 V/V (BNC)
Current monitor 1 V/A (BNC)
Analog Input Signal input (BNC,  = 27k)
Output Connectors
LEMO 0B and LEMO 00 Sockets
4mm Banana Sockets
Power Supply 90 Vac to 250 Vac
Mechanical
Environment
0 to 40C (32 to 104F)
Non-condensing humidity
Dimensions 212 x 304.8 x 88 mm (8.35 x 12 x 3.46 in)
Weight 2 kg (4.4 lb)
4
4
Output Voltage Range
The desired voltage range should be identified when ordering. The following voltage ranges can be
obtained with the correct combination of installed jumpers. Note that incorrect jumper settings may
damage the amplifier.
The standard output voltage range is 0V to 200V. However, the amplifier can be supplied with any of the
following voltage ranges by appending the order code with the voltage range code; for example, the
standard configuration is PX200-V200. The voltage range jumper locations are labelled LK1 to LK8 on the
PCB. Only three jumpers should be installed at any time.
Voltage Range
0V to +200
0V to +150
-50 to +100
-50 to +150
-100 to +100
RMS Current
1.5 A
1.5 A
1.5 A
1.5 A
1.5 A
Code
-V200
-V150
-V50,100
-V50,150
-V100,100
+Supply
GND
-Supply
LK1
LK2
LK1
LK1
LK1
LK8
LK8
LK3
LK5
LK3
LK7
LK7
LK6
LK7
LK7
Table 1. 200 Volt Range Configurations
In addition to the 200V ranges described above, three 100V ranges are also possible. These ranges have
the benefit of twice the peak and RMS current, which enables higher frequency operation when driving
low-voltage actuators.
Voltage Range
0V to +100
0V to +50
-50 to +50
RMS Current
3.0 A
3.0 A
3.0 A
Code
-V100
-V50
-V50,50
+Supply
GND
-Supply
LK1
LK2
LK2
LK3
LK3
LK3
LK4
LK4
LK6
Table 2. 100 Volt Range Configurations
The jumper settings can be modified by disconnecting the amplifier from mains power then removing the
top panel to access the PCB board.
5
Output Current (200V Range)
In the 200V ranges, the standard output current is ±2 Amps peak and 1.5 Amps RMS. This peak current is
matched to the average current limit so that a sine-wave can be reproduced continuously at full current.
However, for applications that require fast step changes in voltage, the amplifier can be configured in a
pulse mode with 4 Amps or 8 Amps peak current limit. The maximum pulse time for each mode is listed in
Table 3 and plotted against current in Figure 1.
The output current range can be configured by disconnecting the amplifier from mains power then
removing the top panel. The following modes can them be obtained. The amplifier can be supplied
preconfigured to any current range by appending the order code with the current range code, for example,
the standard configuration is PX200-C2.
5
Peak Current
Code
Peak Limit
LK17
Overload Timer
Max Pulse Time
2A
4A
8A
-C2
-C4
-C8
LK11
LK12
LK13
“B” Position
“B” Position
”B” Position
LK16 and LK18 Out
LK16 and LK18 In
LK16 and LK18 In
1 ms
200 us
100 us
Table 3. Current limit configuration in 200V range (Standard)
3.5
Pulse Mode
2A Limit
Max Pulse Duration (ms)
3
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
Peak Current (A)
6
7
8
Figure 1. Maximum pulse time versus current
6
Output Current (100V Range)
In the 100V ranges, the output current can be doubled to ±4 Amps peak and 3 Amps RMS. For
applications that require fast step changes in voltage, the amplifier can also be configured in a pulse mode
with 8 Amps peak. The maximum pulse time is identical to the 200V range discussed above.
The output current range can be configured by disconnecting the amplifier from mains power then
removing the top panel. The following modes can them be obtained. The amplifier can be supplied
preconfigured to any current range by appending the order code with the current range code, for example,
the 100V range and 4A current limit is PX200-V100-C4B.
Peak Current
Code
Peak Limit
LK17
Overload Timer
Max Pulse Time
4A
8A
-C4B
-C8B
LK12
LK13
“A” Position
”A” Position
LK16 and LK18 Out
LK16 and LK18 In
1 ms
100 us
Table 4. Current limit configuration in 100V range
6
7
Power Bandwidth
With a capacitive load, the peak load current for a sine-wave is
 = ± 
where  is the peak-to-peak output voltage,  is the load capacitance and  is the frequency. Given a
peak current limit  , the maximum frequency is therefore  =  / . However, the PX200 is
protected by both peak and average current limits. The average current + is defined as the average
positive or negative current. For example, for a sine-wave
+ =


1 
[−]0 =
∫  sin()  =
.
2 0
2

Therefore, for a sine-wave + =  /. Since the average current limit is + = 0.7 in the 200V range,
the maximum frequency sine-wave, or power bandwidth of the PX200, is equal to
=
0.7
,
 
The above result is true for any periodic waveform such as triangular signals. In the 100V range, the power
bandwidth is doubled. The RMS current for a sine-wave can also be related to the average current,
 =
√2

.
 
The power bandwidths for a range of load capacitance values are listed below.
Load
Peak to Peak Voltage (200V Range)
Cap.
10 nF
200
55 kHz
150
74 kHz
100
100 kHz
50
100 kHz
30 nF
55 kHz
74 kHz
100 kHz
100 kHz
100 nF
35 kHz
46 kHz
70 kHz
100 kHz
300 nF
11 kHz
15 kHz
23 kHz
46 kHz
1 uF
3.5 kHz
4.6 kHz
7.0 kHz
14 kHz
3 uF
1.1 kHz
1.5 kHz
2.3 kHz
4.6 kHz
10 uF
350 Hz
466 Hz
700 Hz
1.4 kHz
30 uF
116 Hz
155 Hz
233 Hz
466 Hz
Table 5. Power Bandwidth versus Load Capacitance (200V Range)
7
Load
Peak to Peak Voltage (100V Range)
Cap.
10 nF
100
100 kHz
75
100 kHz
50
100 kHz
25
100 kHz
30 nF
100 kHz
100 kHz
100 kHz
100 kHz
100 nF
100 kHz
100 kHz
100 kHz
100 kHz
300 nF
46 kHz
62 kHz
93 kHz
100 kHz
1 uF
14 kHz
18 kHz
28 kHz
56 kHz
3 uF
4.6 kHz
6.2 kHz
9.3 kHz
18 kHz
10 uF
1.4 kHz
1.8 kHz
2.8 kHz
5.6 kHz
30 uF
466 Hz
622 Hz
933 Hz
1.8 kHz
Table 6. Power Bandwidth versus Load Capacitance (100V Range)
In the above tables, the frequencies limited by slew-rate are marked in green while the frequencies limited
by signal bandwidth are marked in blue. The slew-rate is approximately 35 V/uS which implies a maximum
frequency of
  =
35 × 106

In the following figures, the maximum frequency periodic signal in the 200V and 100V range is plotted against the
peak-to-peak voltage.
220
30 uF
10 uF
3 uF
200
1 uF
300 nF 100 nF
180
Peak to Peak Voltage (V)
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
1
10
2
10
3
10
Frequency (Hz)
4
10
5
10
Figure 2. Power bandwidth versus voltage and load capacitance (200V Range)
8
110
100 uF 30 uF
10 uF
3 uF
1 uF
300 nF
100
90
Peak to Peak Voltage (V)
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1
10
2
10
3
10
Frequency (Hz)
4
10
5
10
Figure 3. Power bandwidth versus voltage and load capacitance (100V Range)
9
Small Signal Bandwidth
3 uF
30
1 uF
300 nF 100 nF
Magnitude (dB)
30 nF
20
10 nF
30 uF
10
10 uF
0
-10
-20
3
10
4
5
10
10
6
10
100
50
0
Phase (deg.)
8
-50
-100
-150
-200
-250
3
10
4
10
5
10
Frequency (Hz)
6
10
Figure 4. Small signal frequency response.
Load Cap.
Bandwidth
10 nF
30 nF
100 nF
300 nF
1 uF
3 uF
10 uF
30 uF
110 uF
393 kHz
431 kHz
367 kHz
208 kHz
88 kHz
30 kHz
9.3 kHz
3.7 kHz
1.3 kHz
Figure 5. Small signal bandwidth versus load capacitance (-3dB)
10
9
Noise
The output noise contains a low frequency component (0.03 Hz to 20 Hz) that is independent of the load
capacitance; and a high frequency (20 Hz to 1 MHz) component that is inversely related to the load
capacitance. Many manufacturers quote only the AC noise measured by a multimeter (20 Hz to 100 kHz)
which is usually a gross underestimate.
The noise is measured with an SR560 low-noise amplifier (Gain = 1000), oscilloscope, and Agilent 34461A
Voltmeter. The low-frequency noise is plotted in Figure 6. The RMS value is 173 uV with a peak-to-peak
voltage of 960 uV.
600
400
LF Noise (uV)
200
0
-200
-400
-600
0
5
10
15
20
t (s)
25
30
35
Figure 6. Low frequency noise from 0.03 Hz to 20 Hz. The RMS value is 173 uV, or 960 uVp-p.
The high frequency noise (20 Hz to 1 MHz) is listed in the table below versus load capacitance. The total
2
2
noise from 0.03 Hz to 1 MHz is found by summing the RMS values, that is  = √
+ 
.
Load Cap.
Bandwidth
HF Noise RMS
Total Noise RMS
10 nF
30 nF
100 nF
300 nF
1 uF
3 uF
10 uF
30 uF
393 kHz
431 kHz
367 kHz
208 kHz
88 kHz
30 kHz
9.3 kHz
3.7 kHz
379 uV
382 uV
382 uV
326 uV
234 uV
214 uV
198 uV
187 uV
417 uV
419 uV
419 uV
369 uV
291 uV
275 uV
263 uV
255 uV
110 uF
1.3 kHz
183 uV
252 uV
Table 7. RMS noise versus load capacitance (0.03 Hz to 1 MHz)
11
10 Input and Offset Configuration
The input stage is a differential amplifier with an input impedance of 27k. The input signal ground is
permitted to float by up to 0.6V before it is clamped to the system ground.
The input stage is normally non-inverting; however, it can be configured as inverting by changing LK9 and
LK10 to their “B” position. The default jumper position is “A” which is marked with a white bar on PCB
overlay. The amplifier can be supplied with an inverting input by appending the order code with –INV.
Input Configuration
Non-inverting (default)
Inverting
Code
Link Positions
-INV
LK9 and LK10 Both “A”
LK9 and LK10 Both “B”
Table 8. Input polarity configuration
The input offset source is also configurable. When LK21 is in the “A” position, the offset is derived from the
on-board trim-pot R15, which is adjustable from zero to full-scale. The default configuration for LK21 is in
“B” position where the offset voltage is derived from the front-panel potentiometer.
The standard offset voltage range is from zero volts to full-scale; however, for applications that require
negative offset voltages, LK20 can be moved from the “A” to “B” position. In the “B” position, the offset
range is from -100V to full-scale.
Offset Configuration
0V to +200V Range (def.)
-100V to +200V Range
Front panel source (def.)
PCB trim-pot source
Code
-OR2
-OS2
Link Positions
LK20 “A” Position
LK20 “B” Position
LK21 “B” Position
LK21 “A” Position
Table 9. Offset voltage source configuration
11 Gain
The standard voltage gain is 20 V/V. However, in the 100 Volt range, a gain of 10 may be more convenient.
This can be achieved by removing LK14 and LK15. In this configuration, the voltage monitor sensitivity
becomes 1/10 V/V.
12
12 Bridged Mode
In bridged mode, two amplifiers are connected in series to double the output voltage range and power. To
obtain ±200V at the load, the amplifiers are configured as illustrated below. Both amplifiers are configured
in the ±100V range and the lower amplifier is also inverting. A ±5V signal applied to both inputs will
develop ±200V at the output.
±100V
±5V
Non-inverting
Signal
Generator
20
Voltage across load
±200V
+
PX200-V100,100
-20
PX200-V100,100-INV
Inverting
±100V
Figure 7. Bridged configuration for obtaining +/-200 V
13 Overload Protection
The Shutdown indicator will illuminate during a shutdown caused by a current overload or if the amplifier
overheats as a result of excessive ambient temperature, poor air-flow, or fan failure. During shutdown, the
amplifier output current is limited to a few mA and may float to the high or low voltage rail if the load
impedance is high or capacitive.
When the amplifier is turned on, the overload protection circuit is engaged by default and will take
approximately three seconds to reset.
In addition to the internal shutdown triggers, the output stage of the amplifier can also be disabled by
applying a positive voltage to the external shutdown connector (2V to +12V). The impedance of the
external shutdown input is approximately 2.5 kΩ.
13
14 Output Connection Diagram
The actuator can be connected to the amplifier by either two 4mm banana plugs, a LEMO 00 coaxial
connector, or a 2-way LEMO 0B connector. The LEMO 0B connector is recommended in high power
applications. Preassembled LEMO cable assemblies are available from www.PiezoDrive.com
The mating plug for the LEMO 0B connector is a 2-Way straight cable plug. Ordering details and
specifications are listed below. These parts can be obtained directly from www.mouser.com.
Plug
Crimp Terminal Version
Solder Tag Version
Max Conductor Size
LEMO 0B 2-Way Straight Cable Plug
*LEMO FGG.0B.302.CYCZ
LEMO FGG.0B.302.CLAZ
AWG22
Cable Collet FGG.0B.742.DN
Cable Diameter 3.1mm – 4mm
Strain Relief Boot GMA.0B.035.DN (3.5–3.9mm Cable)
*The crimp terminal plug requires a tool, if this is not available, the solder tag plug should be used.
A two conductor cable is required to connect the amplifier to a transducer. A recommended cable is the
Belden 8451 cable. The specifications are listed below.
Cable
Conductor Size
Resistance
Capacitance
Outside Diameter
Belden 8451
AWG22 (0.64mm diameter)
53 mOhms/m
115 pF/m core–core, 220 pF/m core-shield
3.5mm
The actuator wiring diagram is shown below.
HV +
+
-
GND
Female Panel Socket
Male Cable Plug
14
Actuator
14.1 LEMO OB Cable Preparation
(Taken from LEMO 0B Series Cable Assembly Instructions)
14.2 LEMO OB Plug Assembly
(Taken from LEMO 0B Series Cable Assembly Instructions)
1. Strip the cable as above
2. If the cable is shielded, fold the
shield back over the cable
3. Slide the strain relief, collet nut (1)
and collet (3) onto the cable.
4. Solder or crimp the conductors onto the contacts.
5. Assemble the plug,
15
15
Enclosure
The PX200 enclosure has a side air intake and rear exhaust. These vents should not be obstructed. If
sufficient air-flow is not available, the amplifier will enter a thermal overload state as discussed in
“Overload Protection”.
The PX200 amplifiers can be bolted together in a side-by-side two-channel arrangement. With the addition
of rack-mount handles, this configuration can be mounted into a standard 19-inch rack. A 19-inch rackmount kit is also available for a single amplifier.
16
Warranty
PiezoDrive amplifiers are guaranteed for a period of 3 months. The warranty does not cover damage due to misuse
or incorrect user configuration of the amplifier.
16