© LRP electronic GmbH 2010 LA00047 100-240V AC / 12V DC charge-discharge-cycle 1-14 cells nimh/nicd 1-5 cells Lipo/LiFEPO user guide - #41282 Dear Customer, thank you for your trust in this LRP product. By purchasing a LRP QUADRA-PRO 3 Professional Battery Managment System, you have chosen a high-performance product which has the latest technology incorporated including the following High-Tech features: • Charging - Discharging - Cycling Operation • Integrated Balancer for 2S-6S Lixx batteries • Blue backlit 16x2 LCD • 25-Year Warranty • LiPo • LiFePo • LiIo • NiMH • NiCd • Pb • Dual Input (100-240Vac + 12Vdc) • 5 User Profile Memories • Multi-Protection-System Please read the following instructions carefully before you start using your charger. This user guide contains important notes for the installation, the safety, the use and the maintenance of this product. Thus protecting yourself and avoid damages of the product. Proceed according to the user guide in order to understand your charger better. Please take your time as you will have much more joy with your product if you know it exactly. This user manual shall be kept in a safe place. If another customer is using this product, this manual has to be handed out together with it. LRP electronic GmbH Wilhelm-Enssle-Str. 132-134 73630 Remshalden, Germany info@LRP.cc www.LRP.cc technical data connections / operation The QUADRA PRO 3 was developed with the main objective placed on easy operation of all features. Intuitive navigation by means of 4 buttons makes it very easy to use and the 2-line blue backlit LC display offers perfect, reliable control of all settings and functions. Dimensions Weight Input Voltage Charging Capability Charge Current Trickle Current Delta Peak Discharge Current Discharge Cut-Off Voltage [mm] [g] [AC] [DC] LiPo/LiFePo/LiIo NiMH/NiCd Pb [A] [A] [mV] [A] LiPo/LiFePo NiMH/NiCd 145x160x60 600 100-240V 11-15V 1 - 6 cells 1 - 14 cells 2, 4, 6, 12V 0.1 - 5.0 0 -0.25 5 - 200 0.1 -1.0 2.5 - 14.0V 0.9- 16.0V Integrated Balancer Autostart Timer Storage Charge Mode Cycle Mode User Profile Memory LCD Acoustic Signal Type Finish Melody Buttons Multi-Protection-System DC Input Connection AC Input Connection Output Connection yes, 2S - 6S yes yes yes 5 16x2, blue backlit Buzzer adjustable 4 yes Alligator Clamps AC connector 4.0mm jacket Specifications subject to change without notice. Settings BALANCER CONNECTOR: high-performance integrated Lixx balancer for 2S to 6S packs using EHR balancing connector. OUTPUT JACKET: connect battery to be charged to the 4.0mm jacket, using supplied charge wires. Caution: Be careful with correct polarity! BUTTONS: MENU DEC - INC + START/STOP Scrolls/jumps through the function list. Decrements the underscored value.* Increments the underscored value.* Next program step / Start a program / Cancel a running program. * Button has high-speed function for rapid setting (hold down button to change value faster). 16x2 LCD SCREEN: Active function NiMH 5.0A 08.58V 00m35s 0048mAh Capacity Voltage at output connectors The active profile P1 to P5 is displayed in the main menu. By pressing the INC+ and DEC- buttons you can change between the profiles and their settings. To reset to default settings, proceed as following: • Disconnect input voltage. • Hold down MENU button while reconnecting the input voltage. User Profile Battery Type Charge Current Charge D-Peak Charge Trickle Charge LiPo Volt Discharge Current Discharge Voltage P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 LiPo 5.0A --7.4V 1.0A 6.0V LiPo 3.0A --11.1V 0.5A 9.0V LiFe 5.0A --6.6V 1.0A 4.6V NiMH 4.0A 20mV Off -1.0A 5.4V NiCd 3.0A 50mV Off -1.0A 5.4V charge Time elapsed since start Current The QUADRA PRO 3 allows you to save 5 individual user profiles. This means you can customize 3 personal charge profiles individually and store them for later use. The QUADRA PRO 3 has 5 preset works-default settings when shipped out as shown in this table: SET Battery Type: The QUADRA PRO 3 can charge pretty much any type of cell (LiPo, LiFePo, LiIo, NiMH, NiCd, Pb) and incorporates the designated charge algorithms for each particular cell type for best performance, reliability and safety. Lixx + Pb charging using the CC/CV-charging method. With this charging method, the battery gets charged with a constant current first. As soon as the battery voltage reaches the max. allowed charging voltage per cell (for example, LiPo 4.2V and LiFePo 3.7V), the charger automatically reduces the charging current till the battery is fully charged. NiMH/NiCd charging with constant current + delta-peak detection. This is the most popular charging method for NiMH/NiCd-batteries in competition. Caution: Always choose the correct BATTERY TYPE setting for the battery you want to charge, as wrong setting may result in damage to the battery, fire or explosion! SET Charge Current: The charge current can be set from 0.1 to 5.0A. If not otherwise specified by the battery manufacturer, choose 0.5C charge rate which is always a safe value! SET Charge Delta Peak: With NiMH/NiCd-batteries, you only obtain the optimum battery performance by slightly „overcharging“ the battery. In real terms, it will not be overcharged, but charged to an optimum level. The battery voltage drops at the end of the charging process (delta). The size of the drop (delta peak) is adjustable in the range between 5 - 200mV. The higher the value, the hotter the battery will be at the end of the charge. We recommend to start with the works-default settings. Note: The adjustable Delta-Peak value applies to the whole battery pack and not to one single cell! DC INPUT: connect to a suitable DC source with 1115V, using the supplied connection wire. Caution: Be careful with correct polarity! - Red = Plus / Black = Minus AC INPUT: connect to main power with 100-240VAC Caution: Do not alter the wire or connector as this will void your warranty! balancing function SET Charge Trickle: This current, which flows after delta peak cutoff, is adjustable from 0.0A to 0.25A to achieve the highest possible voltage for NiCd cells. Set this function to „Off“ for NiMH cells. Cell# LiPo LiFePo LiIo Pb 1 (1S) 3.7V 3.3V 3.6V 2V SET Charge Lixx/Pb Volt (pack voltage): The packs rated voltage for LiPo/LiFePo/LiIo and Pb-batteries must be set according to 2 (2S) 7.4V 6.6V 7.2V 4V the packs rating. See table on right side. 3 (3S) 11.1V 9.9V 10.8V 6V 4 (4S) 14.8V 13.2V 14.8V -* C=Nominal capacity of the battery. E.g. with a nominal capacity of 3300mAh 5 (5S) 18.5V 16.5V 18.0V -(3.3Ah), the battery can be charged with a max. current of 3.3A: 6 (6S) 22.2V 19.8V 21.6V 12V 24.5x8(mm) The QUADRA PRO 3 contains an integrated high-performance balancer for 2S to 6S Lithium based (LiPo, LiFePo, LiIo) battery packs using EHR balancing connector. Please refer to drawing (also like that on charger) for correct polarity, basically minus (black wire) is always on the far right side of the plug as shown on drawing. The balancer equalises the cells, during charge- and balance-function, which results in higher performance and higher cycle-life. 6S Caution: Avoid incorrect connection as in the worst case this may result in damage to the battery and/or charger! discharge The adjustable discharge circuit (0.1 to 1.0A) can be used for 1-14 cell NiMH/NiCd- and 1-6 cell Lixx/Pb-packs. The QUADRA PRO 3 informs you about all the data relating to the battery pack, e.g. discharge time, capacity and average voltage. By discharging your battery pack on the QUADRA PRO 3 after use, you obtain vital information about remaining capacity for optimizing your motor or gear ratio for the next run. This also maintains your battery packs in good condition. SET Discharge Current: The discharge current can be set from 0.1 - 1.0A. SET Discharge Voltage: The cut-off voltage can be adjusted from 0.9 - 14.0V depending on the number of cells. We recommend a cut-off voltage of 0.9V/cell with NiMH/NiCd-, 3.0V/cell with LiPo-and 2.6V/cell with LiFePo-batteries. recommended settings This means for example: - 5.4V for 6-cell NiMH/NiCd - 6.0V for a 2-cell LiPo - 5.2V. for a 2-cell LiFePo Always follow the cell manufacturers charge-/usage-recommendations, never use batteries outside their specifications! Battery Type NiCd Sportpacks (1600-2400mAh) NiMH Sportpacks (3000-4200mAh) NiMH Sportpacks (3000-4200mAh) NiMH Sportpacks (3000-4200mAh) NiMH Competition Cells NiMH Competition Cells NiMH Competition Cells NiMH Competition Cells NiMH Competition Cells AA/Mignon NiMH Cells (2000-2700mAh) 2/3A NiMH Cells (1200-1600mAh) LiPo Pack Air ~480mAh (plane/helicopter) LiPo Pack Air ~1500mAh (plane/helicopter) LiPo Pack Air ~3000mAh (plane/helicopter) LiPo Pack Car ~1800mAh (Micro 1/18) LiPo Pack Car ~5000mAh (1/10) LiPo Pack „TX Only“ ~2700mAh LiPo Pack „RX Only“ ~1800mAh LiFePo Pack „RX Only“ ~1800mAh LiFePo Pack Car ~4500mAh Voltage / Cells 7.2V / 6 7.2V / 6 12.0V / 10 14.4V / 14 4.8V / 4 6.0V / 5 7.2V / 6 12.0V / 10 14.4V / 14 9.6V / 8 6.0V / 5 11.1V / 3S 11.1V / 3S 11.1V / 3S 7.4V / 2S 7.4V / 2S 11.1V / 3S 7.4V / 2S 6.6V / 2S 6.6V / 2S Battery Type NiCd NiMH NiMH NiMH NiMH NiMH NiMH NiMH NiMH NiMH NiMH LiPo LiPo LiPo LiPo LiPo LiPo LiPo LiFePo LiFePo Charge Current 3.0A 3.0A 3.0A 3.0A 5.0A 5.0A 5.0A 5.0A 5.0A 0.5A 1.0A 0.5A 1.5A 3.0A 1.8A 5.0A 1.5A 1.2A 1.2A 4.5A D-Peak Trickle 95mV 20mV 30mV 50mV 5mV 10mV 15mV 25mV 35mV 30mV 15mV ---------- 0.1A OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF ---------- LiPo Volt -----------11.1V 11.1V 11.1V 7.4V 7.4V 11.1V 7.4V 6.6V 6.6V Dischg. Current 1.0A 1.0A 1.0A 1.0A 1.0A 1.0A 1.0A 1.0A 1.0A 0.3A 0.8A 0.5A 1.0A 1.0A 1.0A 1.0A 0.5A 0.5A 0.5A 1.0A Dischg. Volt 5.4V 5.4V 9.0V 12.6V 3.6V 4.5V 5.4V 9.0V 12.6V 7.2V 4.5V 9.0V 9.0V 9.0V 6.0V 6.0V 9.0V 6.0V 5.2V 5.2V Cycle This fully automatic cycling/matching function allows you to determine the actual performance of your packs before using them. Battery packs change during their life span. Use the QUADRA PRO 3 to detect the actual quality of your packs. This prevents nasty surprises. The “Cycle” mode uses the charge and discharge values of the currently selected programm, stored under “Settings”. The pack is first discharged, then charged and finally discharged. At the end of the process, the pack capacity and the average discharge voltage are displayed. There is a short delay in the timer during cycle operation, in order not to overheat the batteries, which is as following: - Initial Discharge -> Charge: 1min (if discharge was finished within 10min), otherwise 5min - Charge -> Discharge: 1min (if charge was finished within 10min), otherwise 5min Note: The „Cycle“ function can of course be used for all types of cells. The crossed-out wheeled bin means that within the European Union the product must be taken to seperate collection at the product end-of-life. Do not dispose of these products as unsorted municipal waste. troubleshooting Special features The QUADRA PRO 3 is protected against faults and operator errors by the Multi-Protection-System. Faults/Errors are displayed on the LCD screen and some faults/errors may interrupt the charging process to protect the charger and the battery. Storage Charge Mode: Never store your batteries completely empty as this will harm them and lower their performance. Due to this fact, the QUADRA PRO 3 features a „Storage charge“ mode. With this function, you can set a fixed voltage (vor Lixx batteries) or fixed capacity (for Nixx batteries) value and the battery will be partially charged or discharged (in case of Lixx) exactly to this level. Thus you can always perfectly prepare your battery for storage, if you want to store them over a longer period of time. How to do the storage charging of your battery: please follow the instructions under chapter „Programme Structure“. The error messages are as follows: ERROR-MESSAGES POSSIBLE CAUSES Our recommendations: - NiMH/NiCd cells: - LiPo/LiFePo/LiIo cells: - No battery connected? - Wrong battery polarity, bad contact? - Defective battery? - Wrong LiPo-cell quantity? CAUTION Battery Error Note: NiMH batteries can be stored for about 1-2 months without problems using this method. LiPo/LiFePo batteries can be stored for about 6 months without problems. After this time period, you should check the battery and, if necessary, put some charge in again! - Input voltage too low/switched off (<11.0V on DC input) - Bad contact on input clamps? INTERRUPT Low Input Volts Autostart Timer: This handy feature lets you preselect when you want to start charging your battery with the QUADRA PRO 3. The Autostart Timer is adjustable from 0 - 99min. If you stay in the „Autostart Display“ for longer then 30sec without setting a value, the charging process will start automatically. - Input voltage too high (>15.0V on DC input) INTERRUPT High Input Volts Changing the charge current on the fly: The charge current can be changed on the fly by pressing INC+ or DEC- without interrupting the - Cell voltage at balancer port too low? Limits are: LiIo=2.65V, LiPo=2.75V, LiFe=2.0V INTERRUPT Low Bal. Volts charging process. This change is not stored. The next time you start charging, the QUADRA PRO 3 takes the data settings of each charge profile, stored under “Settings”. - Cell voltage at balancer port too high? Limits are: LiIo=4.2V, LiPo=4.3V, LiFe=3.9V INTERRUPT High Bal. Volts Data View Function: at the end of each process (charge, discharge or cycle) you can view additional data by pressing MODE button. Also you can access DATA VIEW from initial screen by pressing MODE button, which allows you to view (press MENU again to hop through data): DC input voltage / Battery voltage / Charge data from last process / Discharge data / Balancing Voltages from last process. - Balancing wire disconnected from balancing port during use? INTERRUPT Open Balancer 50% of nominal capacity at nominal voltage (e.g. 3.7V for LiPo / 3.3V for LiFe) Charging Pb batteries: be careful when charging Pb batteries, as these can not be fast charged. It is recommend to charge with 0.1C (10% of nominal battery capacity) if not mentioned differently. Follow the battery manufacturers guidelines when charging/using Pb batteries as wrong setting may damage your battery! programme structure 1 P1 MENU Charge start Balance Conn. xS PACK Charge Autostart:00min start MENU D-Peak: 10mV Trickle: Off start NiMH 5.0A 00m35s 08.58V 0048mAh This screen is only available if NiMH/NiCd are choosen MENU Storage Charge Voltage: 3.8V/C if LiPo/LiFePo/LiIo/Pb is choosen Storage Charge Capacity: 1.0Ah if NiMH/NiCd is choosen Inp13.7V 00m37s 08.59V 0051mAh Done 09.06V 50m03s 4170mAh Trickle 09.06V 0.25A 4170mAh „Trickle“ screen is only available if trickle is not set to „Off“ MENU 1 P1 MENU Discharge start MENU Balance Conn. xS PACK Discharge Voltage: 5.4V Disch1.0A 0029s 07.61V 0080mAh Done Avg.07.396V 07.74V 3950mAh Done 07.75V 1422s 3950mAh NiMH5.0A 08.60V 00m40s 0055mAh Cyc 5.0A 08.60V 00m42s 0058mAh 1 P1 MENU Cycling start MENU P1 MENU Balance Disch1.0A 0012s 06.51V 0033mAh Balance Conn. xS PACK Disch1.0A 05.4V Charg 5.0A Cyc 1.0A 06.52V 3.46 3.50 Balance Start ..... start MENU Settings MENU start SET Battery Type: NiMH DEC INC MENU 0.1-5.0A SET Charge D-Peak: 20mV MENU 5-200mV SET Charge Trickle: Off EXPLANATION OF ICONS: MENU press „Menu“ button start press „Start/Stop“ button press „INC“ or „DEC“ button automatically hops to next screen/function. 1 number of cells which are recognised as connected to balancing port are indicated (e.g. 2S, 3S, 4S, 5S and 6S). „No Connection“ is displayed if there is no connector attached. MENU Off/0.25A SET Discharge Current: 1.0A MENU 0.1-1.0A SET Discharge Voltage: 5.4V MENU SET Battery Type: NiCd 3.52V 3.45V 0.9-16.0V MENU 5-200mV SET Charge Trickle: Off MENU Off/0.25A SET Discharge Current: 1.0A MENU 0.1-1.0A 0.9-16.0V Off, 5s, 15s, 1min Done 3.32 3.32 3.32 3.32V 3.32V DEC INC 0.1-5.0A SET Charge LiIo Volt: 07.2V 3.6/7.2/10.8 ... 21.6V SET Discharge Current: 1.0A 0.1-1.0A MENU SET Discharge Voltage: 5.8V 2.8-23.4V MENU Done 07.72V DEC INC MENU 3.7/7.4/11.1 ... 22.2V SET Discharge Current: 1.0A MENU 0.1-1.0A SET Discharge Voltage: 6.0V MENU SET Battery Type: LiFe 2.8-24.0V MENU MENU MENU 3.3/6.6/9.9 ... 19.8V 0.1-1.0A SET Discharge Voltage: 5.2V MENU SET Battery Type: Pb Off, On, 5s, 15s, 1min 2.5-19.8V MENU 0.1-5.0A SET Charge Pb Volt: 12V MENU 2/4/6/12V SET Discharge Current: 1.0A MENU 0.1-1.0A SET Discharge Voltage: 10.0V MENU 1.8-12.0V SET Melody Tone: 1 1 -5 MENU Off, On, 5s, 15s, 1min 1 -5 MENU SET Melody Length: 5s SET Melody Length: 5s MENU DEC INC SET Charge Current: 03.0A SET Melody Tone: 1 1 -5 MENU 0.1-5.0A SET Discharge Current: 1.0A MENU 1448s 4023mAh MENU SET Charge LiFe Volt: 06.6V SET Melody Length: 5s Off, On, 5s, 15s, 1min DEC INC SET Charge Current: 03.0A SET Melody Tone: 1 1 -5 MENU 0.1-5.0A SET Charge LiPo Volt: 07.4V MENU 0121s 0334mAh MENU SET Charge Current: 03.0A SET Melody Tone: 1 MENU Cyc 1.0A 07.57V MENU MENU MENU Delay/ Pause Done Avg.07.383V 07.72V 4023mAh SET Battery Type: LiPo SET Melody Length: 5s 1 -5 MENU SET Melody Length: 5s 3.32V 3.32V SET Charge Current: 03.0A SET Discharge Voltage: 5.4V MENU 3.32 3.32 SET Battery Type: LiIo SET Melody Tone: 1 1 -5 MENU 0.1-5.0A SET Charge D-Peak: 50mV MENU 3.32 3.32 MENU SET Charge Current: 03.0A SET Melody Tone: 1 MENU DEC INC MENU MENU SET Charge Current: 04.0A DEC INC 3.42 3.32 Bal. Pack.V: 20.67V MENU P1 Delay/ Pause 0013s 0035mAh Disch1.0A 0120s 07.58V 0333mAh MENU Off, On, 5s, 15s, 1min SET Melody Length: 5s MENU Off, 5s, 15s, 1min Repair procedures / limited warranty All products from LRP electronic GmbH (hereinafter called “LRP”) are manufactured according to the highest quality standards. LRP guarantees this product to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for 90 days (non-european countris only) from the original date of purchase verified by sales receipt. This limited warranty doesn’t cover defects, which are a result of misuse, improper maintenance, outside interference or mechanical damage. „This applies among other things on: • Cut off/changed original input- and/or output-wires • Mechanical damage of the case, electronic components or PCB • Humidity/Water inside the case • Soldered on the PCB“ • Charger disassembly by customer • Any modification of the charger done by the customer • Over temperature failures due to blocking the fan or the cooling slots • Reverse polarity at DC output To eliminate all other possibilities or improper handling, first check all other components in your model and the trouble shooting guide, if available, before you send in this product for repair. If products are sent in for repair, which do operate perfectly, we have to charge a service fee according to our pricelist. With sending in this product, the customer has to advise LRP if the product should be repaired in either case. If there is neither a warranty nor guarantee claim, the inspection of the product and the repairs, if necessary, in either case will be charged with a fee at the customers expense according to our price list. A proof of purchase including date of purchase needs to be included. Otherwise, no warranty can be granted. For quick repair- and return service, add your address and detailed description of the malfunction. If LRP no longer manufactures a returned defective product and we are unable to service it, we shall provide you with a product that has at least the same value from one of the successor series. The specifications like weight, size and others should be seen as guide values. Due to ongoing technical improvements, which are done in the interest of the product, LRP does not take any responsibility for the accuracy of these specs. With LRP 25-Years Warranty products, the warranty terms on the LRP 25-Years Warranty card do also apply. The legal warranty claims, which arose originally when the product was purchased, shall remain unaffected. LRP-Distributor-Service: • • • • Package your product carefully and include sales receipt and detailed description of malfunction. Send parcel to your national LRP distributor. Distributor repairs or exchanges the product. Shipment back to you usually by COD (cash on delivery), but this is subject to your national LRP distributor‘s general policy.