RU: Bangarang 1.0
Users Manual
Keen 2013
Research Underway: Bangarang
Data Entry Program
~
Users’ Manual
Developed by Eric Keen
Scripps Institution of Oceanography
Summer 2013
ekeen@ucsd.edu
CONTENTS_________________________________________________________________________________________
Introduction ………………………………………. 1
Where to Download………………………………. 1
Getting Started……………………………………. 1
Output: Overview………………………………… 3
Output: Standard Fields……………………....... 4
Output: Event Details ………………………….. 5
Appendix 1: Example output………………........ 24
Appendix 2: RUB Abbreviations……………….. 25
INTRODUCTION____________________________________________________________________________________
RU Bangarang (RUB) is a data entry program designed specifically for my dissertation work in the northern
Great Bear Fjordland. It is designed to be an easily viewed, intuitive, button-based way of entering
observations while letting the computer take care of associating each entry with the necessary but intensive
logistical data (time, gps coordinates, current conditions, observers on board, effort status, etc.). The forms are
designed to be navigated by using the mouse, using the tab key, or using the touch screen. It is also designed to
output these data in a single file that can serve as both a raw record of the day's work and a single source from
which to draw certain types of data (e.g. locations of hydrophone recordings and the locations of sighted
whales). These, at least, were my intentions.
The program was written in Visual Basic 2010 Express and published as a stand-alone executable file (.exe) for
Windows. The program outputs text files to a folder it creates on the C directory of your computer. In addition
to making this program available to others, I have provided the project files for the program, as well as my R
scripts for analyzing the output text files, on my website. They could be tailored to specific research needs, or
provide examples to those who start from scratch. A warning: I am by no means a programmer and the scripts
are scrappy to say the least! Do not expect eloquent or efficient code.
WHERE TO DOWNLOAD___________________________________________________________________________
RUB can be used only on Windows platforms (XP, 7, or 8) that have the free VB.NET framework installed. The
program can be downloaded for free, either as a stand-alone .exe or as a Visual Basic project able to be edited.
It can be accessed here on Eric’s website. Navigate to Research > Dissertation Work > Reports & Software.
GETTING STARTED________________________________________________________________________________
When the program starts up, the user is presented with a start-up window whose Visual Basic code contains
most of the running mechanics of the program (saving master variables and updating the GPS location). This
window can be minimized, but it cannot be closed. It will only be closed when the Home Screen is closed and
the user confirms that she is sure she wants to quit.
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(Note the high-contrast display used, for viewing outdoors. This is a property of the laptop and not the
program.)
The user is then asked to enter basic survey information about the day (see SUR info below for details).
The Home Screen
The user interacts with RUB starting at the Home Screen. This screen both displays the status of all ongoing
research efforts and provides menus for entering new observations.
Exiting
To exit RUB, you must close the Home Screen. A dialog box will appear making sure you wish to quit. If you did
not mean to quit, press No and nothing will close. If you press Yes, a dialog box will appear telling you the
filename in which the session’s data has been stored. The program will then close.
The "Back" Button
Almost every form in RUB displays the Bangarang whale-tail icon shown above. Clicking this icon will close
the current form without saving any information to the text file and return you to the home screen.
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OUTPUT: Overview_________________________________________________________________________________
RU Bangarang (RUB) saves logged data into a single .txt file in a dedicated folder on the C drive:
“C:/Bangarang”. Text files are cross-platform, open-source, and highly stable. They can be read-in as .csv’s in
R. The text file output also provides a raw, unfiltered narrative of the day's research effort. A downside is that
it is barely legible to the untrained eye. However, the text file can then be fed to an R script that breaks the
single file into highly organized dataframes -- WITHOUT risking the corruption of the original data.
Every line in the output text file corresponds to a certain event. For instance, all the information given during a
seabird sighting is reported as a single line in the output. In each line, the data is comma-separated into
columns. Each line, regardless of event, follows the same format for the first many columns. Almost all entries
will have the following packages of data for each line, to make post-processing easier:
Format of a typical output line:
Event Code, Date, Time, GPS, Event Prefix, Master Conditions, Observers, Subevent Code, Event Details
Many of these packages comprise several columns.
index:
Most “standard output entries follow the following column
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
6. Effort
7. PAM Status
8. Echosounder Status
9. Circuit
10. Block
11. Survey Mode
12-27. Conditions:
12. Beaufort sea state
13. Swell height (m)
14. Percent cloud cover
15. Visibility
16. Precipitation status
17. Glare - left bearing
18. Glare - right bearing
19. Current strength
20. Curren direction (setting ...)
21. Vessel GPS speed
22. Vessel Heading
23. Vessel speed over water
24. Wind speed (Averaged, mph)
25. Wind direction (out of the...)
26. Air temperature
27. Barometer
28-33. Observers:
28. Observer 1
29. Observer 1 position (helm, midship, bow port, bow starboard)
30. Observer 2
31. Observer 2 position
32. Observer 3
33. Observer 3 position
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. Event Details
OUTPUT: Standard Fields___________________________________________________________________________
1. EVENT CODE:
A three-character acronym that describes the event being reported (see Output Index below). For instance, an
output line describing a SIghting of a seaBird begins with the event code SIB.
Event Subevent
(Col. 1) (Where applicable)
Logistics
NEW
SUR
SEA
COM
REV
ENG
END
Effort
EFF
OBS
ECO BEG
ECO END
PAM BEG
PAM STP
PAM NEW
PAM UPD
PAM END
Stations
CTD
ZOO
SEK
DEB
Sightings
BAB GEN
BAB PRY
YUM
VES
SIB
SIM
SIW
NEW
SIW
UPD
SIW
END
ENC
WIW POS
WIW IMG
WIW COM
WIW BHV BTH
WIW BHV MIS
WIW BHV FLK
WIW BHV OTH
Description
New Output file
Survey status
Conditions
Comment
Comment, flagging output for revision
Engine status report
End of output file
Effort
Update on Observer Positions
Echosounder: Begin recording
Echosounder: End recording
Passive acoustics: Begin recordings
Passive acoustics: End recording.
Passive acoustics: New detection.
Passive acoustics: Update on detection.
Passive acoustics: End of detection.
CTD cast
Zooplankton tow
Secchi disk cast
Debris sighting
Bait Ball encounter: general info.
Bait Ball encounter: prey data
Salmon sighting
Vessel sighting
Bird sighting
Marine Mammal sighting
Whale sighting, new
Whale sighting ,update
Whale sighting, end
Encounter between vessel and whale
With Whales: position update
With Whales: Image and ID data
With Whales: comment
With Whales: behavior: breath
With whales: behavior: missed breath
With whales: behavior: fluke
With whales: behavior: other behavior
2. DATE is given in the format yyymmdd
3. TIME is Pacific Daylight Time taken from the computer system time, given in the format hhmmss.
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4-5. GPS Coordinates are given in the format, e.g., “5326543, 12912897”. This format is an expedient way to
enter GPS data manually if the antenna fails. I have written functions in R that translate this string of
numbers into a format that can be mapped in the R package PBSmapping (from the DFO Pacific Biological
Station). In certain events, the GPS stamp in this first section of output corresponds to only the beginning of
the event. If the GPS readings begin misbehaving, there is a GPS Repair button on the Other Events form that
usually fixes the problem.
6-11. EVENT PREFIX:
This section of the output line consists of multiple columns:
6. Effort status:
0=Off Effort
1=On Transect
2= Point Count (no longer used)
3= At station
4 = With Whales
5 = Casual Effort
7. PAM Recording status (1 for recording, 0 for not recording)
8. Echosounder status (1 for recording, 0 for not recording)
9. Study circuit
10. Block
CAM = Caamano Sound
CMP = Campania Sound
EST = Estevan Sound
SQS = Squally South
SQN = Squally North
WHA = Whale Channel
WRI = Wright Sound
MCK = McKay Reach / South Ursula
VER = Verney Passage / North Ursula
11. Mode (Full, Lite, or Zero)
12-27. MASTER CONDITIONS:
Beaufort, Swell height, % Cloud cover, Visibility, Precipitation, Glare bearing left, glare bearing right, water
current strength, current direction (flowing to the...), GPS speed (knots), vessel heading, engine RPM, wind
average speed (mph), wind direction (coming out of the...), air temperature (Celsius), barometric pressure
(kPa).
28-33. OBSERVERS:
Observers reported as their 3 initials.
Positions are 4-letter descriptors:
HELM
The data entry / navigation position at the helm.
MIDL
The midships position.
PORT
The bow position, looking on the port side of the vessel.
STAR
The bow position, looking on the starboard side of the vessel.
34 onward. Event Details
OUTPUT: Event Details_____________________________________________________________________________
Following these standard data, the output line then provides event-specific data at the end of the line. These
Event Details are formatted uniquely for each event. Some events are more information-rich than others (e.g.
whale sightings), while some are straightforward (e.g. position and effort updates). Below I outline the output
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of each event code and the mechanics of the associated form(s) for logging it.
Logistics Events
NEW
New RUB Session has begun.
This line is output automatically at the opening of the RUB program. No prefix, conditions, or observers are
reported here.
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6. filepath
SUR
Survey Status
Access:
This form automatically pops up at the opening of the program. It can also be accessed from the home screen.
See figure of form in “Getting Started”. The default observers are changed according to who is on board at the
time. “EMK” is always a default observer. This current version of RUB does not save the survey status info
from the previously opened session. Most of the details in this event are saved publicly and displayed in the
outputs of other forms. All Season Status data are displayed on the Home Page. The observers selected here
determine which observer initials are available in the “Observed By” fields of the sightings forms.
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33. Observers
34. Other observers
35. Sail from
36. Sail to
SEA
Sea State and Sighting Conditions
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Access:
Home Screen > Conditions.
(You can also double click on the top left of the Conditions status screen on the Home Screen.)
The data filled out in this form are displayed in the updated Master Conditions string. See the section
regarding it above for units and an index of columns.
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33 . Observers
COM
Comment
Access:
Home Screen > Comment.
Sightings Main > Comment.
(There are also shortcuts to the comment form on various sightings forms).
COM is just a non-revisionary comment entry. The comment string is unlimited length. The Comment window
is not maximized, so that windows underneath can be referenced for the comment. Some forms have a column
entry of their own, which is appended to the end of their line. In later versions, the comment system in this
program may be streamlined.
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33 . Observers
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34. Comment
REV
Revise recent code
REV flags the code for review and editing by the PI later. This output is achieved by checking the checkbox
underneath the comment box that reads “Flag recent code for review?” It has the same column names as COM.
ENG
Engine status and performance
Access:
Home Screen > Vessel
Report fuel levels, operating temperature, and other maintenance-related conditions of the engine. This form is
purely for the record keeping of the skipper.
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33. Observers
34. Engine oil level
35. Coolant level
36. Fuel level
37. House volts
38. RPM
39. Oil gauge
40. Temp gauge
41. Block temperature (measured using infrared thermometer)
42. Gearbox temperature
43. Heat exchanger temperature
END
End of RU: Bangarang session.
This line is output automatically at the shutdown of the program.
Columns:
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1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6. Filepath
7. Total number of sightings for RUB session: to this will make it easy to total the season sighting number.
Effort Events
EFF
Change of Effort
Access:
Home Screen > Effort
This effort code is saved to a public variable each time it is updated. Most other forms save the current values
for these effort variables (visual, passive acoustic, and active acoustic) in their outputs. The effort form disables
and enables buttons according to what the current effort is. For example, if the effort variable is currently "1",
meaning On Transect, the button to begin a transect is disabled. This helps the user avoid mistakes. In the
above figure, effort is currently at Casual, and there are no acoustic recordings going on.
To Begin at a station, you must first select the station number. The “Begin” button will then become enabled.
When the program begins, the default effort status is Casual ("5"). Effort status is displayed on the Home Page.
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
OBS
Update Observer Positions
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Access:
Home Screen > Other Events > Observer Positions
(You can also double click the left of the observers status bar on the Home Screen.)
The observers on offer here are determined by what is entered into the SURvey form.
change their positions.
Here you can only
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33 . Observers
ECO
BEG, END
Echosounder Recording, Begin and End
Access:
Home Screen > Effort (allows you to quickly denote the beginning and end of recording. This does NOT end the
recording! You must do that manually on the echosounder computer. This only notes that it has ended.)
Home Screen > Other Events > Active Acoustics (allows you to input more information and update an ongoing
recording. This screen can be modified then closed and the modifications will be saved; however if the Back
button is used, modifications will not be saved).
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
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4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33 . Observers
34. Subevent
35. Filename: Filename is currently coded as yyyyMMdd_hhmmsstt_# of the day (2 characters, if less than 10
recordings, the first character is an underscore). For example: 20130603_093212pm_1. The file extension for
Syqwest Hydrobox echosounder output is .odc.
36. Occasion: Occasion codes (3-character strings) are similar to those in CTD:
TRN = Along transect
STA = station
POI = point count
WIW = with whales
DVM = daily vertical migration
ADH = Ad hoc / impromptu / unplanned
37. A blank column (previously Station number).
38. Memorable? (Boolean, TRUE is yes it is memorable, FALSE if not).
38. Comment (unlimited length).
PAM
BEG, STP, NEW, UPD, END
Passive Acoustic Monitoring recording.
Subevents:
BEG: Denotes the beginning of a recording.
STP: Denotes the end of a recording.
NEW: A new acoustic detection during a recording.
UPD: An update of a previously detected noise.
END: And of an acoustic detection.
Access:
Home Screen > Effort (allows you to quickly denote the beginning and end of recording. This does NOT end the
recording! You must do that manually on the echosounder computer. This only notes that it has ended.)
Home Screen > Other Events > Passive Acoustics (allows you to input more information and update an ongoing
recording.) Note that there is no back button on this page. To get away from the page without storing changes,
the form must be X’d out on the top right of the screen.
Once a recording is logged as having begun, acoustic detections can be logged, updated, and ended. The “Open
Detections” box lists any ongoing detections. Users can select a detection from this box and update or end it.
Only 5 detections can be open at a time.
Columns:
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1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33 . Observers
34. Subevent
35. Filename: formatted automatically as it will likely appear in the output from Raven on the PAM Mac.
36. Unit: which hydrophone is used. Default is the TOWed array.
37. Payout: Default payout is the full length of the Bangarang array, 100m.
38. Memorable? (Boolean, TRUE means the recording is memorable and FALSE means it is not. Default is
FALSE.)
39. Comment (unlimited string length).
40. Detection number (tally kept automatically by computer).
41. Spp (See abbreviations index).
42. Behavior (See abbreviations index).
43. Signal-to-noise ratio (0 silent to 5 distorted)
44. Vessel noise (0 silent to 5 distorted)
45. Background noise (0 silence to 5 loud)
Station Events
SEK
Secchi Cast
Access:
Home Screen > Other Events > Secchi Cast
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33. Observers
34. Viewbox used Viewbox (Boolean; TRUE if used, FALSE if not used)
35. Occasion (see CTD output)
36. Station: If your effort has already been changed to At Station, the station number will automatically be
filled in on this form.
37. %Cloud cover
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38. Angle
39. Observer 1 (filled in automatically from what was entered in the SURvey page. Same for other obs.)
40. Observer 1 depth (m)
41. Observer 2
42. Observer 2 depth
43. Observer 3
44. Observer 3 depth
CTD
A CTD cast.
Access:
Home Screen > Other Events > CTD
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33 . Observers
34. Occasion:
STA = Station - at a Study Station within a block
DVM = Dawn and evening diel vertical migration observations
HOC = Ad Hoc = unplanned, conducted due to interesting features encountered or just plain feel like it.
POI = Point Count = Conducted during a point count for birds
OTH = Other - conducted for some other reason
WIW = With Whales - conducted because we are doing a focal follow of whales
35. Station number
36. Replicate: refers to the first, second, or third cast at that site, in case there are several. The default entry
is 1.
37. CastAway filename: Using the system time, the probably filename of the CTD cast is recorded in the same
format as it will be save in the CTD itself. This will aid in matching casts to the RUB output.
38. Comments (on surface features, debris, eddies, observed water column characteristics, etc).
ZOO
A zooplankton tow
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Access:
Home Screen > Other Events > CTD
The buttons are programmed to be enabled and disabled only when the critical information has been entered.
For example, you can press the "BEGIN" tow button unless the flowmeter number has been entered first.
Correspondingly, you can't store the code unless the flowmeter number has been stored afterward.
Because tows usually happen in succession (i.e., along block transects or when With Whales), the values from
the last-entered tow during the program's session are displayed when a new Tow form is opened. The values,
however, are still editable.
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time (this is when the tow began)
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33 . Observers
34. Occasion (automatically supplied if effort is already At Station.
35. Tow Identification Number (TIN)
Format (without spaces in reality): yyyyMMddhhmmtt CIRCUIT BLOCK Station Code
For example:In Caamano Sound South on Circuit 2, on June 22 at 08:43am, at station 02, the TIN will
be: 201306220843am1CSS02
36. Flowmeter begin (6 digits)
37. Flowmeter end (6 digits)
38. End timestamp
39. End Latitude (should be automatically logged by the software, unless the GPS has failed.)
40. End Longitude (should be automatically logged.)
41. Payout (m):
The default pay out depth is 250m (the total length of the zooplankton line), but it can (and SHOULD!)
be changed according to local depth.
41. Local depth (m)
42. Comment
Sightings Events
To enter a sighting, go to the “Sightings” button on the Home Screen.
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Buttons on the left allow you to enter specific types of sightings. The central window displays any whale
sightings that are still open. A maximum of 5 can be open at any one time. A dialog box will alert you when
sightings must be closed in order to enter a new one.
DEB
Debris or Plankton Sighting
Access: Home Screen > Sightings > Debris/Plankton
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33. Observers
34. Type
35. Extent
36. In strip (Boolean, TRUE if clearly in the strip; FALSE if not. Default is TRUE.)
37. …But on the Line (Boolean, TRUE if on the line of the strip; FALSE if not. Default is FALSE.)
38. Birds associating/rafting? (Boolean, TRUE if birds are associating with the debris; FALSE if not. Default is
FALSE.)
YUM
Salmon Sighting
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Access: Home Screen > Sightings > Salmon
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33. Observers (determined by what has been entered in SURvey form).
34. Jumps
35. Within Strip (Boolean, TRUE if clearly within the strip width; FALSE if not. Default is TRUE.)
36. …But on the line (Boolean, TRUE if on the line of the strip; FALSE if not. Default is FALSE.)
37. Observer
38. Comment
VES
Vessel Sighting
Access: Home Screen > Sightings > Vessel
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33. Observers
34. Bearing (maximum length is 3 characters)
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35. Reticle (maximum length is 3 characters)
36. Observer (options determined by what has been entered in SURvey form).
37. Blank column (previously Position)
38. Vessel type
39. Name
40. Company
41. Direction of travel
42. Comment
SIB
Seabird Sighting
Access: Home Screen > Sightings > Bird
This form is designed for rapid entry of a large amount of observations. When the page opens, the box listing
possible species seen is blank. Click on one of the seabird group buttons, and the box fills with possible
species within that group. The appropriate species is then selected and other information is filled in.
If more than one species is seen in the group, you can add species to the sighting; upon clicking “Add Species”,
the species listbox will empty and you must press another Taxon button to select from its species list. A
maximum of 5 species can be included in a single sighting. After the fifth species is added, the “Add Species”
button is disabled.
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33 . Observers
34. In Strip? (Boolean, TRUE if clearly in the strip; FALSE if not. Default is TRUE.)
35. …But on the Line.
36. Group size
37. Behavior
Codes (4-character strings):
STAT - stationary/swimming
FLYN - in flight
FLOC - flocking
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FLUS - flushed by our vessel
FEED - foraging/feeding
RAFT - rafting on debris
BALL - bait ball bonanza
FOLO - following our vessel
38. Species 1
39. Species 1 percent composition of overall group size (default is 100)
40. Species 2 (if present)
41. Species 2 percent composition
42. Species 3 (if present)
43. Species 3 perc. comp.
44. Species 4 (if present)
45. Species 4 perc. comp.
46. Species 5 (if present)
47. Species 5 perc. comp.
48. Direction of travel
49. Observer (options determined by what has been entered in SURvey form).Observer position
50. Time of position update
51. GPS of position update
52. Juvenile? (Boolean; TRUE if yes the bird added is a juvenile).
SIM
Marine Mammal (non-whale) Sighting
Access: Home Screen > Sightings > MarMam
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33. Observers
34. Bearing (maximum length is 3 characters)
35. Reticle (maximum length is 3 characters)
36. Observer (options determined by what has been entered in SURvey form).
37. Behavior
38. Direction
39. Group size – minimum estimate
40. Group size – maximum estimate
41. Group size – best guess
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42. Species 1 (see Abbreviation index).
43. Spp1 percent comp (default is 100)
44. Spp2
45. Spp2 percent comp
46. Spp3
47. Spp3 percent comp
SIW
NEW & UPD
Whale Sighting: New or Update
Access: Home Screen > Sightings > Whale
To update a sighting, select the open sighting on the main Sightings page, and click the “Update” button below.
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33. Observers
34. Sighting number
35. Subevent (NEW, UPD)
36. Bearing (maximum length is 3 characters)
37. Reticle (maximum length is 3 characters)
38. Observer (options determined by what has been entered in SURvey form).
39. Blank (previously Position)
40. Group size - minimum
41. Group size - maximum
42. Group size - best
43. Species 1 (see abbreviation list)
44. Percent composition of total group size (default is 100)
45. Species 2
46. Percent composition
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47. Behavior (see abbreviation list; default is BL, blow).
48. Direction of travel
49. Depth
50. General location
SIW
END
End a Whale Sighting
A sighting is ended by selecting it on the Main Sightings page, filling in the lat/long and observer information
on the bottom right of the form, and clicking the “End Sighting” button. If your effort is “With Whales” (4) when
you end a sighting, your effort automatically defaults to “Casual” (5).
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33. Observers
34. Sighting Number
35. Bearing
36. Reticle
37. Observer (options determined by what has been entered in SURvey form).
38. Position
WIW
POS
With Whales: Position Update
Access: Home Screen > Sightings > (Select Sighting) > With Whales button
When the “With Whales” form is opened, the effort is changed automatically to “4”, or “With Whales”. When
the form is closed, however, effort is not changed. You must manually go to the effort page and change effort.
However, if your effort is With Whales and you end a sighting – ANY sighting – your effort defaults to Casual
(5). So, if you are with a whale and you leave the With Whales form to end a distant sighting, effort will be
momentarily switched to casual until you re-open the With Whales form.
Columns:
1. Event
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2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33 . Observers
34. Sighting number
35. Subevent
36. Subsubevent (blank in this case)
37. Bearing (maximum length is 3 characters)
38. Reticle (maximum length is 3 characters)
39. Observer (options determined by what has been entered in SURvey form).
40. Estimated distance (a convenient replacement to reticles when you are close to the whale).
41. Group/Individual
This allows you to differentiate between following the group and following an individual within the
group. If you are following an individual, arbitrarily assign it a letter (e.g., “A”), and make a comment
about why this individual is trackable and distinguishable from the others.)
WIW
IMG
With Whales: A good photo-ID image is taken.
This entry is a convenient way of matching photographs to sightings when processing images in
PhotoMechanic at the end of a day. It is especially convenient if you are tracking certain individuals in a group
worth making notes on (e.g. mothers and calves).
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33. Observers
34. Sighting number
35. Subevent
36. Subsubevent (blank in this case)
37. Images Taken (True or False)
38. Feature (FL, RD, LF, Other)
39. Camera
40. Group/Individual designation
41. DFO ID (if recognized)
42. Local name (if known)
WIW
COM
Comment logged while with a whale
There is a convenient comment field on the With Whales page. The second you store a comment, the field clears
and is ready to accept the next comment.
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
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6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33 . Observers
34. Sighting number
35. Subevent
36. Subsubevent (blank in this case)
37. Comment
WIW
BHV
BTH/MIS/CAN/OTH
With Whales: Behavior: Breath subsubevents
Subevent Key:
BTH: Log a breath of an individual or group. At the click of this button, timestamps and gpsstamps are given to
the breath for the designated individual in the group.
MIS: Log that a breath was missed, so that not all is lost in breath interval analyses down the road.
CAN: Log that a breath was mistakenly logged; it will be canceled later on.
OTH: Log a behavior other than breaths. See Abbreviation appendix.
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33 . Observers
34. Sighting number
35. Subevent
36. Subsubevent
37. Group/Individual
38. "Other" Behavior
BAB
GEN, PRY
Bait Ball: General Entry or Prey Entry
Access: Home Screen > Other Events > Bait Ball
This form was designed to be a quick and easy way of entering spastic data during a baitball encounter.
Clicking on the Predator buttons will open the appropriate sighting page without closing the BaitBall form.
Columns:
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1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33 . Observers
34. Subevent: GEN or PREY
35. Gen: Bearing;
Pry: prey
36. Gen: Reticle;
Pry: depth
37. Observer (options determined by what has been entered in SURvey form).
38. Blank column (Previously Position)
39. Camera used, if any.
40. Images Taken (Boolean; TRUE if images were taken; FALSE if not. Default is FALSE.)
41. Echosounder (Boolean; TRUE if the echosounder is recording during the encounter; FALSE if not. Default
is FALSE.)
42. Timestamp of when form is stored and baitball is left.
ENC
Encounter between Vessel and Whale
Access: Home Screen > Other Events > Vessel Encounter
Columns:
1. Event
2. Date
3. Time
4. Latitude
5. Longitude
6-11. Prefix
12-27. Conditions
28-33. Observers
34. Sighting number
35. Bearing (maximum length is 3 characters)
36. Reticle (maximum length is 3 characters)
37. Observer (options determined by what has been entered in SURvey form).
38. Vessel type
39. Behavior of Vessel
40. Direction of travel
41. Images taken? (true or false)
42. Camera used
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43. Description (unlimited string length)
APPENDIX 1: EXAMPLE OUTPUT__________________________________________________________________
Below is an example of every possible output in the program.
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APPENDIX 2: RUB Abbreviations Index_____________________________________________________________
Block
CAM
CMP
EST
SQS
SQN
WHA
WRI
VER
MCK
Occasion
STA
Station
WIW With Whales
HOC Ad Hoc (unplanned)
OTH
Other
Caamano Sound
Campania Sound
Estevan Sound
Squally Channel South
Squally Channel North
Whale Channel
Wright Sound
Verney Passage and north Ursula
McKay Reach and south Ursula
Image Feature (FTR):
FL
LD
RD
OT
Fluke
Left Dorsal
Right Dorsal
Other
Species
Whales
HW Humpback
FW Fin
KW Killer
BW Baleen (generic) Small
DP
PW
SS
CS
HS
ES
SO
RO
Marine Mammals (MarMams)
Dalls Porpoise
Pacific White-sided Dolphin
Stellar’s Sea Lion
California Sea Lion
Harbor Seal
Northern Elephant Seal
Sea Otter (!)
River Otter
Vessel
SAL
REC
YAT
CFV
GIT
CRZ
TKR
BRG
Tug
Vessel
WCR
NKL
HNJ
GIT
OTH
Types
Sailing vessel
Recreational/sports fishing vessel
Yacht / pleasure cruiser
Commercial Fishing Vessel / Seiner
Gitga’at boat
Cruise ship
Tanker
Barge and tug
Tug
Company
West Coast Resorts
North King Lodge
Hermann and Janie
Gitga’at Spirit/Guardian
Other
Behavior
With Whales
MIL
Milling
SLP
Sleeping
BCH Breach
PEC
Pectoral Slap
FAC
Face Slap
TAL
Tail Slap
TON Tonal Blow
SPY
Spy Hop
FED Deep Foraging Dive
FEL
Lunge Feed at surface
FEB
Bubble Net Feed
TRN Traveling North
TRE
TR- East
TRS
TR- South
TRW TR- West
Marine Mammsls
BL
Blow
MI
Milling
FE
Feeding
SL
Sleeping
HO
Hauled Out
BR
Breach
PS
Pec Slap
OT
Other
Vessels
TR
Traveling
FI
Fishing
AN
Anchor
WW
With Whales
OT
Other
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Birds
STAT
FLYN
FLOC
FLUS
FEED
RAFT
BALL
FOLO
Stationary
Flying
Flocking
Flushed
Feeding
Rafting on debris
Bait Ball
Following a boat.
Acoustic
MOAN Moan
WSTL Whistle
FEED Feeding call
TBLO Tonal blow
SOCL Social call
ECHO Echolocation click
SONG Song
OTHR Other