SBC - 2130 / 2140 / 2150 3 Stage Battery Charger User Manual

SBC - 2130 / 2140 / 2150
3 Stage Battery Charger
User Manual
Keep this manual in a safe place for quick reference at all times.
This manual contains important safety and operation instructions for correct use of the battery charger. Read through the manual and
pay special attention to the markings and labels of the charger, battery and equipment connected to the battery system.
Pay special attention to these two types of notices used in this manual.
WARNING :
Failure to heed this warning may cause injury to persons and damage to Equipment.
CAUTION :
Failure to observe this warning may result in damage to equipment and improper functioning of the Charger.
WARNING :
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The charger is designed for in-door use. Protect the charger from ingress of water.
This charger is made to charge only properly sized lead acid batteries.
Don't recharging non-rechargeable batteries.
Charging other types of battery or under-sized lead acid batteries may cause fire or explosion.
Install the charger in accordance with all local codes
Do not use the charger if it has been dropped or damaged.
Do not remove casing of the charger, there is no user –serviceable parts inside.
Do not charge the battery on boats. Remove the battery and charge on shore.
Never attempt to charge a frozen battery
Never attempt to charge a damaged battery.
Wear protective goggles and turn your face away when connecting or disconnecting the battery.
Never place the charger on top of a battery .
Never smoke, use an open flame, or create sparks near battery or charger during normal charging operation as batteries may give
out explosive gas.
Do not charge batteries in an enclosure (box- in) due to possible explosion of entrapped explosive gas.
Use of accessory not recommended may cause risk of fire, electric shock.
Disconnect the mains supply before connecting or disconnecting the links to the battery.
If the charger does not work properly or if it has been damaged ,unplug its AC and DC connection.
CAUTIONS :
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Refer to battery manufacturer’s specific recommended values for battery type settings and float voltage setting.
Fix the charger to a horizontal solid support via four grooves at the flange of chassis, with four screws or nuts.
Ensure all ventilation ports are not obstructed for efficient fan cooling, keep loose soft material or paper off at the bottom of the
charger.
During charging, the battery must be placed in a well ventilated area.
If longer output charging cord is required, make sure the diameter is adequate for the current in given cable length.
Introduction
Congratulations on purchasing our new 3-Stage (IU0U) Switching Mode Battery Charger.
This battery charger is suitable for wet, sealed (RVLA), calcium-calcium, GEL and AGM in both car (SLI) and deep cycle type of
lead acid battery.
It is a “set and forget” automatic charger which can be permanently connected to battery.
These models have dual charge banks for charging two batteries simultaneously.
The special selectable Power Supply Mode allows charging battery with external load.
Intended Use:
All Automotive, Marine, Mobile Home, Electric Scooters, Golf Carts, Solar, Deep Cycle, UPS Standby, Industrial & Commercial
Applications.
A. Control and Indicators
Fig.1
1. Battery Charger / Power Supply Selection
Slide Switch to set Charger to 3-Stage Charger or Power Supply Mode (See Section G)
2. Battery Type Selection
Slide Switch to set charger for GEL, AGM, Wet and Calcium-Calcium type battery.
3. Float Voltage Selection
Slide Switch to set Float Charge voltage to 13.2 / 13.5V / 13.8V.
4. Charge Status LED Display
Charger ON LED
BULK LED (Red )
ABSORPTION LED (Orange)
FLOAT LED (Green)
: Green – 3-Stage Charger Mode
Red - Power Supply Mode
: Bulk Charging with constant max. current
: Absorption charging with preset constant max. voltage.
: Float charging with preset constant voltage
5. FAULT LED (Red)
Charger malfunction (See Trouble Shooting)
6. Car Blade Fuse
Fuse for reverse polarity protection .
7. Charging Banks
Screw Terminals to connect to charging cable.
8. Temperature Sensor Socket
Connection to accessory ATS-5120
Sensor to increase / decrease charge voltage at low / high battery temperature .
9. Remote Control socket
Connection to optional accessory ABD-4120.
To remote display the charging voltage & charging status and remote control the charger output ON/OFF.
Fig.2
10. Power Switch
To turn on and off AC power to Charger.
11. Inlet AC Socket with Fuse Holder
B. Battery Type Selection
AGM/GEL
: Sealed type (VRLA) , AGM-GEL , Maintenance Free , Automotive or Deep Cycle lead acid batteries
WET
: Flooded Type lead acid batteries (to which water can be added) Automotive or Deep Cycle
Calcium-Calcium : Sealed type (VRLA) Lead Acid batteries with Calcium content Automotive or Deep Cycle
B1. FLOAT VOLTAGE SELECTION
These fine tuned selections of float voltages enable the best voltage level for maximum battery life. Choose 13.8V when in doubt
or in Power Supply Mode.
Follow the markings on Deep Cycle batteries of the Standby float voltage.
B2. Recommended Battery Capacity
The following minimum AH capacities are a generalized suggestion, some batteries can take higher charge current, check with
battery manufacturers for charging batteries with smaller capacity.
Charger Model
Battery Capacity
SBC-2130 , 30A
100 AH - 300 AH
SBC-2140 , 40A
120 AH - 400 AH
SBC-2150 , 50A
150 AH - 500 AH
C. Battery Charger Installation and Connection
Observe the warnings & safety precautions before rushing to install and operate the charger.
Check battery condition, fill up cells for wet battery, clean battery poles.
Secure the battery charger in a well ventilated place, make sure the mounting surface is flat and without soft covering material or
loose paper sheet. The air intake is at the bottom and air outlet at the back. Make sure both intake and outlet are not blocked.
Never place charger on top of battery.
Plug in the AC mains and turn on Power Switch, the Charger On LED and the Float LED should be on green indicating Charger is
in good order for charging lead acid battery.
Before connecting or disconnecting the charging cable, turn off the Power Switch and unplug AC cord from the mains.
First connect the Red cable to Positive + terminal of charger and the battery Positive + Pole. Then connect the Black cable to the
Negative – terminal and the Negative – Pole of the battery.
Make sure all the connections are secured and well tighten up, double check on the correct polarity.
Double check again for correct selection of Slide Switch 1 at Charger Mode, Switch 2 for Battery type and Switch 3 for Float
Voltage setting value.
When install in caravans and similar vehicles, the connection to the supply mains is to be in accordance with national wiring rules.
When charging automotive batteries:
- The battery terminal not connected to the chassis has to be connected first. The other connection is to be made to the chassis,
remote from the battery and fuel line. The battery charger is then to be connected to the supply mains;
- After charging, disconnect the battery charger from the supply mains. Then remove the chassis connection and then the battery
connection.
Please notice the tightness of the power cables from the power supply to the load. If the cables are not fastened well
enough, the total resistance of the connecting cables will increase, resulting in a huge voltage drop between the terminals
to the load.
D. Normal 3-Stage (IUoU) Charging Operation
The 3-stage IU0U charge algorithm ensures fast, complete and at the same time gentle charging of the lead acid battery.
Fig.3
Stage 1. THE I-PHASE. The constant current charging, Bulk LED is on.
Normally the battery is charged at constant maximum current until it rises to the selected Absorption voltage level.
The charging voltage changes with the battery voltage.
If the initial battery voltage is less than 9V due to deep discharge, the bulk charge current is reduced to half of the maximum until
battery voltage rises over 9V.
Stage 2. THE UO-PHASE . The constant voltage charging, Absorption LED is on .
Battery Type Selection : Gel : 14.1V / AGM: 14.3V / Wet : 14.4V / Calcium : 15.5V
When the battery voltage rises to the selected Absorption voltage level, the charging switches to Constant voltage charging and
battery is over 85% full. The battery is kept at this high voltage while the current reduces gradually to set value at which the
charger automatically switches to Float Stage.
Stage 3. THE UO-PHASE. The constant voltage charging, Float LED is on.
Float Voltage Selection : 13.2V / 13.5V / 13.8V
In this stage , the battery is full and only takes in the amount of current necessary for maintaining the capacity. The float voltage is
preset independently by user according to the type of battery such that battery can be connected permanently to the charger when
it is not in use.
E. Manual Equalization Charging for wet type battery only
Wet lead acid battery requires periodic high voltage charging (about 10% overcharge absorption voltage) to balance the voltage of
each cell, reverse the high concentration of electrolyte at the bottom and clear up large sulfate crystals on the plates. You can use
the Calcium–Calcium selection to perform the manual equalization by carefully following the battery maker’s recommended
frequency and duration.
Make sure to manually switch off charger when time is up.
Take special precautions as battery will emit explosive gas during equalization charge.
F. Dual bank charging
This feature is for caravans, and vehicles with two separate batteries.
The two batteries must be of same chemical make up and type to avoid over and under charging because only one setting of
charging profile for both.
Two batteries are charged simultaneously and the battery with the lowest level gets most share of the current in the Bulk charge
stage until it is up to the same voltage level of the second battery (battery with higher initial level).
Both batteries will go to the Absorption and the Float Charge at the same time.
G. Power Supply / 2-Stage Charger Mode (see Fig.4)
At this mode the Charger On (4) LED becomes red color and only Bulk and Float LED will function. The bulk LED will be off
when battery is charged to about 80% full.
The 3-stage charger becomes a 2-stage charger or as power supply in this selected mode because 3-stage charger overcharges
battery with external load.
This selected mode is intended for use to charge battery with external load such as caravan or other battery and external load
combination.
A 2-Stage charger can be used as a combination charger/power supply. An external load can draw current from the charger while
the charger is recharging a battery. The charger does not care how much current is being diverted by an external circuit as it
switches from Bulk mode (constant current ) to Float mode based only on the battery terminal voltage.
However, a 2-Stage charger cannot completely charge the battery when the charger switches from bulk mode to float mode. After
switching to float mode, the battery will, in most cases, be about 80% recharged. The battery receives the remaining recharge
while in float mode over several days.
It is highly recommended to switch back to the 3-Stage Charger Mode periodically when the external load is disconnected.
Also the external load should not be more than 50% of the max. current of the charger , unless the battery is fully charged up . If
the bulk LED is on most of the time then the load is too large.
G1. As a stand alone power supply
It can also be used as a stand alone power supply without connection to a battery
It will provide a constant voltage according to the selected Float Voltage (13.2/13.5/13.8V) and rated DC current of the charger.
However, it is not recommended for high surge load (such as lamp) in stand alone application as the initial high surge current
will trigger the overload protection of the power supply.
Fig.4 Power Supply / 2-Stage Charger Mode Application
H. Temperature Sensor
Warning :
The temperature sensor must be installed at the Negative Terminal of the battery terminal, wrong connection to the Positive
Terminal will damage the charger and the sensor .
The temperature sensor (accessory, ATS-5120) is used to optimal charging over wide ambient temperature range.
Fix the temperature sensor in a position on the battery which is not affected by other cooling or heating source.
Plug in the temperature sensor before switch on the charger to activate the temperature control function, never plug in the charger
during charging.
Fig.5
I. Cable Size Selection
Wire Size (AWG) Area (mm2)
10
8
6
4
2
1/0
2/0
4/0
5.26
8.37
13.3
21.2
33.6
53.5
67.4
107
Maximum one-way distance
(feet) for 2% Voltage loss
(30A)
3.8
6
9.5
15
24
38
48
76
Maximum one-way distance
(feet) for 2% Voltage loss
(40A)
2.8
4.5
7.2
11.2
18
27.5
36
58
Table: Selection of cable size and length versus current
Maximum one-way distance
(feet) for 2% Voltage loss
(50A)
2.2
3.6
5.5
9
14.5
23
29
46
J. Trouble Shooting
PROBLEM
INDICATIONS
POSSIBLE CAUSES
SUGGESTED SOLUTION
Charger does not
work
Indicator lights not
turn on
No AC power
Check AC connections are correct
AC input socket fuse blown
Replace with correct AC fuse by qualified
electrician
No DC output
Charger - On LED is Output short circuit
not on, Float and
Fault LEDs are on.
Over temperature protection triggered
Severe over loading charger
Reverse polarity connection
Check DC connections between charger
and battery
Check air intake vent at bottom of charger
is blocked or not. Check charger ambient
ventilation .
Check battery AH capacity within
recommended range
Check for correct polarity, replace car
blade fuse (6)
Battery does not get All indicator LED
full charge
work normally and
sequentially
Bad battery connection
Long charging
time , float light
does not come on
even after 20 hours
charging time.
Check charged battery label and change
Wrong battery type selection eg. charge
gel battery with Calcium-Calcium OR Wet battery type selection to correct setting.
type selection
Absorption light
remains on all the
time
Check for loose contact, right cable size,
cable integrity
Battery type select switch in wrong setting Recheck battery type and change to
correct battery selection
Make sure charger rating matches battery
Battery capacity too large
capacity see table (B2)
Move battery to a room temperature
Ambient temperature too low
location, or get an optional temperature
sensor
Battery has damaged cell or battery is too Replace battery
old
Total battery capacity is too high for dual
charging
Check battery capacity or charge battery
separately
Battery temperature too high
Use temperature sensor (optional
accessory)
Battery is defective
Replace battery
A load is connected to battery and charger Change charger Selector Switch (1) to
Power Supply Mode.
is not in power supply mode.
Bulk LED is on all
the time
The connected load is too large, using
Bulk light remains
on all the time when most of the current from the charger.
Charger is in Power
Supply Mode,
charger ON LED (4)
is on red.
Reduce the load to about 50% of the
charger's rating current Or take away the
load and set Charger to Battery Charger
Mode to fully charge the battery before
return back to the power supply setting
and load connection.
Wrong battery type selection
Bulk light remains
on all the time when
Charger is in Battery Battery is excessively depleted and the
soft charging is triggered
Charger ON LED
(4) is on green.
Check charged battery label and change
battery type selection to correct setting.
Recharge the battery after a day, if bulk
light remains after several hours, the
battery is most likely damaged and cannot
accept charge. Replace battery.
Use accessory temperature sensor
Battery temperature too high
K. Specifications
Model
SBC – 2130
SBC – 2140
SBC - 2150
Absorption Charge Voltage Selections
GEL : 14.1V ; AGM: 14.3V ; WET : 14.4V ; CALCIUM-CALCIUM : 15.5V
Absorption Charge Timer
Limited not over 4hrs
Float Charge Voltage Selections
13.2V, 13.5V, 13.8V
Battery Charger / Power Supply Selections
Yes
Yes
Yes
Maximum Output Charging Current (Continuous)
30A
40A
50A
Recommended Battery Capacity Range
100 – 300AH
120 – 400AH
150 - 500AH
Soft Start Bulk Charge
Output
Battery Voltage to Trigger (cut-in) Soft Start
Bulk Charge Mode
<9V
Soft Start Bulk Charge Current (Current Limit)
15A
20A
25A
Ripple and Noise (Peak to Peak)
<200mV
<200mV
<200mV
Efficiency at Maximum Power (100V/230V)
>83/87%
>83/87%
>83/87%
Yes
Yes
7.5/3.2A
9.4/4.0A
Dual Bank Charging (Battery must be of same type) Yes
AC Voltage Range
100 – 240V 50Hz~
AC Current at Full Load (100V/230V)
5.9/2.6A
Overload
90-110% Rated Output Current or 50% Rated Output Current (Soft Charge)
Protection Type : Constant Current Limiting, recovers Automatically after
Fault Condition is Removed.
Short Circuit
Recovers Automatically After Fault Condition is Removed
Reverse Polarity
Car Blade Fuse
Over Temperature
Protection Type: Shut Down
OVP Output Over Voltage
Yes
Cooling Method
Thermostatic, Variable Speed Fan
3-Stage Battery Charger / Power Supply Mode
Yes
Charge Phase Bulk / Absorption / Float
Yes
Fault Mode
Yes
AC Power
Yes
AC Fuses at IEC AC Power Socket
T6.3A
T8A
T10A
DC Car Blade Fuse at Front Panel
25Ax2
30Ax2
25Ax3
Remote Temperature Sensor, Cable & Spare Fuses
Yes
Remote Control Panel
Optional
Safety : EN 60335
Yes
EMC: EN 55014; EMF: EN50366
Yes
Others
Dimensions and Weight
220x80x200mm ; 2.4kg
220x80x261mm ; 3.0kg
220x80x261mm ; 3.2kg
Remarks
All values are based on the standard ambient temperature 25°C and pressure 0.1Mpa.
Input
Protection
Cooling
Indicators
Fuses
Accessories
Approvals
Rev. 3 08/2009
7673-2100-0012