VRM308 User Manual

USER MANUAL
VRM-308
8-VDSL + 2-Giga Ethernet Managed 4-Band VDSL IP DSLAM
CTC Union Technologies Co., Ltd.
The information in this publication has been carefully checked and is believed to be entirely accurate at the time of
publication. CTC Union Technologies assumes no responsibility, however, for possible errors or omissions, or for any
consequences resulting from the use of the information contained herein. CTC Union Technologies reserves the right to
make changes in its products or product specifications with the intent to improve function or design at any time and
without notice and is not required to update this documentation to reflect such changes.
CTC Union Technologies makes no warranty, representation, or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for
any particular purpose, nor does CTC Union assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product
and specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation any consequential or incidental damages.
CTC Union products are not designed, intended, or authorized for use in systems or applications intended to support or
sustain life, or for any other application in which the failure of the product could create a situation where personal injury
or death may occur. Should the Buyer purchase or use a CTC Union product for any such unintended or unauthorized
application, the Buyer shall indemnify and hold CTC Union Technologies and its officers, employees, subsidiaries,
affiliates, and distributors harmless against all claims, costs, damages, expenses, and reasonable attorney fees arising out
of, either directly or indirectly, any claim of personal injury or death that may be associated with such unintended or
unauthorized use, even if such claim alleges that CTC Union Technologies was negligent regarding the design or
manufacture of said product.
TRADEMARKS
Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp.
HyperTerminal™ is a registered trademark of Hilgraeve Inc.
WARNING:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of
the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual may cause harmful interference in which
case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense. NOTICE: (1) The changes or modifications
not expressively approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the
equipment. (2) Shielded interface cables and AC power cord, if any, must be used in order to comply with the emission
limits.
CISPR PUB.22 Class A COMPLIANCE:
This device complies with EMC directive of the European Community and meets or exceeds the following technical
standard. EN 55022 - Limits and Methods of Measurement of Radio Interference Characteristics of Information
Technology Equipment. This device complies with CISPR Class A.
WARNING:
This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user
may be required to take adequate measures.
CE NOTICE
Marking by the symbol CE indicates compliance of this equipment to the EMC directive of the European Community.
Such marking is indicative that this equipment meets or exceeds the following technical standards: EN
55022:1994/A1:1995/A2:1997 Class A and EN61000-3-2:1995, EN61000-3-3:1995 and EN50082-1:1997
CTC Union Technologies Co., Ltd.
Far Eastern Vienna Technology Center (Neihu Technology Park)
8F, No. 60, Zhouzi St.
Neihu, Taipei, 114
Taiwan
Phone: +886-2-2659-1021
FAX: +886-2-2799-1355
VRM-308
8-VDSL +2-Giga Ethernet Managed 4-Band VDSL IP DSLAM
User Manual
Version 1.0 Jun. 2007 First Release
This manual supports the following models:
VRM-308 AC
This document is the first official release manual. Please check CTC Union's website for any updated manual or contact
us by E-mail at info@ctcu.com. Please address any comments for improving this manual or to point out omissions or
errors to marketing@ctcu.com. Thank you.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction ...........................................................................................................................................................................7
1.1 VDSL Solution..............................................................................................................................................................7
1.2 Unpacking Information ................................................................................................................................................8
1.3 Product Details..............................................................................................................................................................8
1.4 Description................................................................................................................................................................. 10
2. Installation ...........................................................................................................................................................................11
2.1 Hardware Installation Introduction ...........................................................................................................................11
2.2 Pre-Installation Requirements ...................................................................................................................................11
2.3 General Rules..............................................................................................................................................................11
2.4 Connecting the IP DSLAM........................................................................................................................................11
3. Management Configuration ............................................................................................................................................. 13
3.1 Local Management .................................................................................................................................................... 13
3.2 Remote Network Management ................................................................................................................................. 15
3.2.2.1. Web Management Home Overview.......................................................................................................... 16
3.2.2.2. Port status ................................................................................................................................................... 16
3.2.2.3. Port Statistics.............................................................................................................................................. 17
3.2.2.4. Administrator.............................................................................................................................................. 17
3.2.2.5. IP Address................................................................................................................................................... 18
3.2.2.6. Switch Settings........................................................................................................................................... 18
3.2.2.7. Console Port Information .......................................................................................................................... 20
3.2.2.8. Port Controls, VDSL Speed Control and port Enable/Disable ............................................................... 20
3.2.2.9. Link Aggregation ....................................................................................................................................... 21
3.2.2.10. Filter Database ......................................................................................................................................... 23
3.2.2.11. VLAN configuration................................................................................................................................ 25
3.2.2.12. Spanning Tree........................................................................................................................................... 27
3.2.2.13. Port Mirroring .......................................................................................................................................... 28
3.2.2.14. SNMP ....................................................................................................................................................... 29
3.2.2.15. SNR........................................................................................................................................................... 30
3.2.2.16. Security Manager ..................................................................................................................................... 30
3.2.2.17. TFTP Update Firmware ........................................................................................................................... 31
3.2.2.18. Configuration Backup/Restore................................................................................................................ 31
3.2.2.19. Reset System ............................................................................................................................................ 31
3.2.2.20. Reboot....................................................................................................................................................... 31
4. Applications......................................................................................................................................................................... 33
Appendix A: Troubleshooting .............................................................................................................................................. 35
Diagnosing VDSL Indicators.......................................................................................................................................... 35
System Diagnostics.......................................................................................................................................................... 35
Appendix B: VDSL Spectrum .............................................................................................................................................. 37
Appendix C: Example of VLAN Setting............................................................................................................................. 38
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Table of Contents
ii
Chapter 1 Introduction
1. Introduction
1.1 VDSL Solution
The 4-Band VDSL IP DSLAM networking solution delivers cost-effective, high-performance broadband access to
multi-unit buildings (hotels, apartment, and multi-tenant office buildings) and enterprise environments such as
manufacturing, educational campuses, and medical facilities. VDSL technology dramatically extends Ethernet over
existing Category 1/2/3 wiring at speeds from 5/15/25 Mbps (full duplex) and distances up to 600/1100/1700 meters.
VDSL technology delivers broadband service on the same lines as Plain Old Telephone Service (POTS), digital
telephone, and ISDN systems. In addition, VDSL supports modes compatible with symmetric digital subscriber line,
allowing service providers to provision VDSL to buildings where broadband services already exist.
The 4-Band VDSL solution includes an 8 port IP DSLAM (CO side) and 4-Band VDSL stand-alone modems as CPE
devices. The 4-Band VDSL solution delivers everything needed to quickly deploy an Ethernet-based network with the
performance required to deliver high-speed Internet access at much greater distances than Ethernet and to drive services
like IP telephony and audio/video streaming. With this technology, a broad range of customers can benefit from lower
operating costs and rapid deployment. The 4-Band VDSL solution provides multicast, Layer 2 quality of service (QoS),
Link Aggregation (LACP) dynamic trunking group, security, GVRP, IGMP for VOD (Video on demand) and SNMP
RMON management with Web-based Switch management.
The 4-Band VDSL IP DSLAM is a bridge between external Internet backbone through a router for IP sharing and the
building's 110D telephone rack or telephone box. It utilizes the available telephone wire to enable high-speed Internet
access to building residents. The 4-Band IP DSLAM utilizes the already existing telephone wire to deliver 5/15/25
Mbps Internet access on each RJ-45 port. This gives users a lower-cost, end-to-end solution and eliminates the expense
of installing new or additional UTP cabling.
8 Ports 5/15/25M 4-Band VDSL IP DSLAM + 2 10/100/1000M Giga Ethernet
The 4-Band IP DSLAM has 8 x 5/15/25M VDSL ports and 2 x 10/100/1000M Ethernet ports. The IP DSLAM is a one
unit tall rack (1RU) by 10-inches deep. It is a standard Rack mounted size. 4-Band IP DSLAM delivers dedicated
bandwidth per port at rates of 5/15/25 Mbps. VDSL transmissions co-exist with POTS or ISDN, and can be compatible
with ADSL/HomePNA traffic in the same building. The switches can be configured on a per-switch port basis to
support the following modes:
• 5 Mbps symmetrical rate (up to 1700 meters)
• 15 Mbps symmetrical rate (up to 1100 meters)
• 25 Mbps symmetrical rate (up to 600 meters)
The 4-Band VDSL IP DSLAM with 4-Band VDSL Modems provide fast and easy connectivity into building patch
panels with RJ-45 connector. The 10/100/1000 Giga Ethernet ports can be used to connect servers or Ethernet switches.
These connectivity options provide multiple price/performance options to meet building and budget requirements. The
4-Band IP DSLAM provides these important features necessary for robust networks.
• Class of Service: 802.1p QoS support. Provides high and low priority queuing on a per-port basis.
• Supports: IGMP Snooping with 512 IP multicast table for VOD (Video on demand) and video conference and
internet games application.
• Scalability: Up to 5/15/25 Mbps symmetric performance over single-pair wiring. Fast Ethernet Channel port
aggregation.
• Security: 802.1Q Tag-based and 802.1V protocol-based virtual local-area network (VLAN) support. Private
VLAN access, assures port security without requiring a VLAN per port, and also supports MAC filtering.
• Local Management : IP DSLAM provides a serial console port for setting IP or other functions.
• Remote Management: IP DSLAM supports remote configuration and monitoring by Telnet and Web-based
GUI. This software is embedded in the VDSL SWITCH and delivers remote, intuitive management of the IP
DSLAM and connected VDSL CPE devices through a single IP address.
• IEEE-802.1d STP: Spanning Tree Protocol is a bridging protocol to avoid port looping and for link
redundancy.
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Chapter 1 Introduction
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
IEEE-802.1ad Link Aggregation: This protocol allows port trunking or bundling for increased bandwidth.
Port Mirroring: This function is used by a network administrator to allow traffic monitoring with sniffer
software or network analyzer.
Broadcast storm filtering: This function can avoid connecting a node that has excessive broadcast packets.
TFTP protocol: This function is used for remote firmware upgrade and setup value backup and restore.
SNMP: Support RFC-1493 bridge MIB; RFC-1213 MIB II; RFC-1643 Ethernet MIB and RFC-1757 RMON
MIB with 1,2,3,9 groups
SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio) indication : This function checks CO and CPE connection quality over phone
wiring.
Alarm : Through WEB or Telnet, you can show internal temperature and fan speed. If temperature exceeds
70°C or fan stops, the Switch will send an SNMP trap to inform the Trap management server.
Cracker prevention: To avoid intruders from entering the management system through the client side, the 8
port IP DSLAM will filter system IP from client side, preventing attack.
Supports for multiple web browsers: IE, Mozilla (Firefox) & Netscape under Windows O/S or Mozilla &
Netscape under Linux and MAC O/S.
1.2 Unpacking Information
Carefully unpack the package and check its contents against the checklist.
Check List
1. 4-Band VDSL IP DSLAM, 2 x10/100/1000 Giga Ethernet ports and 8 x 5/15/25Mbps VDSL ports
2. 1 x Users manual CD
3. 1 x AC Power Cord
4. 2 x Rack Mounting Brackets
5. 4 x Screws
6. 4 x Plastic feet
Please inform your dealer or shipper immediately if anything is missing or damaged. If possible, retain the original
carton, including the original packing materials. Use them to repack the unit in case there is a need to return for repair.
1.3 Product Details
Product Name: 2 ports 10/100/1000Mbps Gigabit Ethernet plus 8 ports 4-Band VDSL IP DSLAM with SNMP
• Application : hotel/campus/hospital/factory/Telecom
Features
• Supports 5M/15M/25Mbps per port symmetrical bandwidth over phone wiring with long drive capability
1.7/1.1/0.6Km(5666/3666/1999 feet) with auto-negotiated speed.
• Provides 2 x 10/100/1000Mbps Ethernet RJ-45 Ports with Auto MDI/MDIX
• Supports quality of phone wiring detected with SNR(Signal to Noise Ratio) indications
• Supports GARP/GVRP IEEE-802.1p/q VLAN with 256 groups static VID or 4094 groups dynamic VID
• Supports port base V-Lan
• Supports IEEE 802.1v protocol V-Lan
• Supports QoS IEEE-802.1p
• Supports Multicast IP table/IGMP v2 with 512 groups
• Supports LACP IEEE-802.1ad Port Trunking (Link aggregation)
• Supports IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree Protocol for MAC bridge with redundant link
• Supports port Mirroring (Sniffer)
• Supports Broadcast Storm filtering
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Chapter 1 Introduction
•
•
•
•
•
•
Ethernet transport with POTS / ISDN traffic over single copper wire pair
Spectral compatibility with xDSL, ISDN(2B1Q/4B3T), HomePNA
Supports port security with MAC address filtering & IP limitation.
Supports Web Based and Telnet remote management
Supports system POST LED
Supports SNMP v1 RFC-1493 Bridge MIBs
RFC-1643 Ethernet MIB
RFC-1213 MIB II
Enterprise MIB (Fan and Temperature management)
Supports RMON groups 1(Statistics), 2(Alarm), 3(Event), 9(History)
• Cascades up to 8 Units along with Gigabit switch
• Supports TFTP/XMODEM firmware upgrade
• Supports In-Band/Out-of-Band Management
• Supports Fan & Temperature Monitor & management
• Surge protection for VDSL ports
• POTs Splitters built-in
Specifications
• Compliant with IEEE 802.3 & 802.3u Ethernet Standards
• Compliant with ETSI, ITU, ANSI standards
• 10/100/1000Mbps Ethernet ports: 2 x RJ-45 with auto MDIX
• POTS/ISDN Splitter ports: 8 x RJ-45
• VDSL port: 8 x RJ-45
• MAC address table: 8K Entries
• Switching method: Store-and-forward
• Flow control method by IEEE802.3x for Full Duplex & Back Pressure for Half Duplex
• Compliant with GARP/GVRP IEEE 802.1p/q port-base VLAN with 256 groups static VID or 4094 dynamic
VID
• Compliant with IEEE 802.1v protocol-base VLAN classification
• Compliant with IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree Protocol
• Multicast IP table: 512 groups
• Compliant with IEEE 802.1p QoS by class of service with 2-level priority queuing
• Compliant with LACP IEEE 802.3ad Link Aggregation
• RS-232 console port: DB-9 Pin Female / 9600bps
• SNMP v1 RFC-1493 Bridge MIBs
RFC-1643 Ethernet MIB
RFC-1213 MIB II
Enterprise MIBs
RMON groups 1(Statistics), 2(Alarms), 3(Events), 9(History)
• Port security by MAC address filtering
• LED indication:
Power good and POST LED
Link/Active/Speed Status for Ethernet ports
Link for VDSL ports
• VDSL Frequency Spectrum:
Transmitter: 0.9 ~ 3.9 MHz
Receiver: 4 ~ 7.9 MHz
• POTS/ISDN pass filter Spectrum: 0 ~ 630 kHz
• Internal switching power supply, Input: AC 100-240 volts/50-60Hz/1A.
• Dimensions: 435 x 255 x 44 mm
• Operating Temperature: 0°C ~ 50°C (32F ~ 122F)
• Storage Temperature: - 20°C ~ 65° C (-4F ~ 149F)
• Humidity: 10%~90% non-condensing
• Certifications: FCC, CE
• RoHS compliant
9
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.4 Description
Hardware Description
This section describes the important parts of the IP DSLAM. It features the front and rear panel drawings showing
the LEDs and connectors.
Front Panel
Figure 1.2 Front Panel Description
"PWR": Power LED
"POST": Power On Self Test LED
2 X 10/100/1000 Mbps Gigabit Ethernet ports
8 X 5/15/25 Mbps VDSL Ports.
8 X POTS/ISDN Ports.
RS-232 Console Port
Reset Button (recessed)
The IP DSLAM features built-in POTs Splitters between every VDSL port and POTS(ISDN) side. This allows delivery
of VDSL broadband service on the same lines as Plain Old Telephone Service (POTS), PBX, or ISDN traffic. There are
several LED indicators for monitoring the device itself, and the network status. At a quick glance of the front panel, the
user will be able to tell if the product is receiving power; if it is monitoring another IP DSLAM or IP DSLAMs; or if a
problem exists on any port or the network.
LED Indications
The following describes the function of each LED indicator.
LED
State
Functional Description
This LED light is located on the left side on the front panel. It will light up (ON) to
PWR
Steady
show that the product is receiving power. Conversely, no light (OFF) indicates the
(Power LED)
Green
product is not receiving input power.
POST(Power On Self Test)
POST
Steady
POST Led will light to show system is booting now.
When system is ready the LED will be off.
Each RJ45 port on the VDSL is assigned an LED light for "Link Good". Each LED
VDSL Link
Steady
is normally OFF after the power on operation, but will light up steadily to show
good link.
Each RJ45 port on the Ethernet is assigned an LED for "10M, 100M and 1000M
10 100 1000
Steady
speed Link". Each LED is normally OFF after the power on operation, but will light
LINK/ACT
Green
up steadily to show good link at speed and flash to show data transmission.
Flashing
Rear Panel
AC 100~240V
Figure 3 Rear Panel
AC Power Socket (IEC Type)
The power cord should be plug into this socket. The AC Socket accepts 100 to 240VAC @ 1A.
10
Chapter 2 Installation
2. Installation
2.1 Hardware Installation Introduction
This chapter describes how to install the IP DSLAM and to establish a network connection. You may install the IP
DSLAM on any level surface (table, shelf, 19 inch rack or wall mounting). However, please note the following
minimum site requirements before you begin.
2.2 Pre-Installation Requirements
Before you start actual hardware installation, make sure you can provide the right operating environment, including
power requirements, sufficient physical space, and proximity to other network devices that are to be connected. Verify
the following installation requirement:
•
•
•
•
Power requirements: AC 100V to 240 V at 50 to 60 Hz.
The internal switching power supply automatically adjusts to the input voltage level.
The IP DSLAM should be located in a cool dry place, with at least 10cm/4in of space at the front and back for
ventilation.
Do not place the IP DSLAM in direct sunlight, near heat sources or in areas with a high amount of
electromagnetic interference.
Check if network cables and connectors needed for installation are available.
2.3 General Rules
Before making any connections to the IP DSLAM, note the following rules:
• Ethernet Port (RJ-45)
All network connections to the IP DSLAM Ethernet port must be made using Category 6 UTP for 1000Mbps,
Category 5 UTP for 100Mbps, or Category 3, 4 UTP for 10Mbps.
No more than 100 meters (about 328 feet) of cabling may be use between IP DSLAMs or other network
devices.
• VDSL Port (RJ-45)
All phone network connections to the VDSL Port should be made using 18 ~ 26 AWG (American Wire Gauge)
phone wiring. We do not recommend using 28 AWG or smaller phone line.
2.4 Connecting the IP DSLAM
The IP DSLAM has 2 10/100/1000 Mbps Gigabit Ethernet ports which support connection to 10/100/1000Mbps
Ethernet and support full or half-duplex operation. The transmission mode uses auto-negotiation with fallback to half
duplex. Therefore, the devices attached to these ports must support auto-negotiation or they must always operate at half
duplex. If transmissions must run at full duplex, but the attached device does not support auto-negotiation, then you
should upgrade that device to newer equipment that supports auto-negotiation.
Connecting Station Ports
You may connect the ports "9 & 10" on the IP DSLAM to any device that uses a standard Ethernet interface, such as a
Cable modem, ADSL modem, Ethernet Switch, workstation or server, or to a network interconnection device such as a
bridge or router (depending on the port type implemented). Prepare the network devices you wish to connect. Make sure
you have installed suitable VDSL Modems before making a connection to any of the IP DSLAM (1-8) station ports.
You will also need to prepare 18 ~ 26 gauge twisted pair phone line wiring with RJ-45 plugs at both ends. Connect one
end of the cable to the RJ-45 port of the VDSL modem network adapter, and the other end to any available (1~8) station
port on the VDSL. Each port supports 5/15/25 Mbps connections. When inserting an RJ-45 plug, be sure the tab on the
plug clicks into position to ensure that it is properly seated.
Note:
Do not plug an RJ-11 phone jack connector directly into an Ethernet port (RJ-45 port). This may cause damage to the
VDSL. For Ethernet, use only Category 5 twisted-pair cables with RJ-45 connectors that conform to FCC standards. Be
sure each twisted-pair cable (UTP) is not over by 100 meters (328 feet). The VDSL RJ-45 ports may use 18 ~ 26 gauge
phone wiring. However, 28 gauge or above is not recommended.
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Chapter 2 Installation
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12
Chapter 3 Management Configuration
3. Management Configuration
3.1 Local Management
Console port (RS-232) Configuration (Change IP Address By Terminal)
You can configure the device through the local serial console port. Located on the front panel of the device is a DB9
Female connector. Using the supplied serial cable, connect this port to one of the COM ports on a PC or notebook. Boot
Windows 95/98/ME/2000/XP system and run the HyperTerminal™ program. Setup the communication parameters as
follows.
1. Set "Bits per second" to 9600 via the pull-down menu.
2. Set "Flow control" to None.
3. Connect PC COM port to the IP DSLAM. You will be presented with the user login screen.
Enter
Login name : "admin" ; password : "123"
The Main Menu screen will display after successful login.
4. Operating Keys:
Tab=Next Item;
Backspace=Previous Item
Enter=Select Item
<Edit>=Enter user keyed-in data
<Save>=Saves user keyed-in data
<Quit>=Leave an action menu
<CTRL-A>=Return to action menu choices
Set IP Address: Please follow these steps
(1) Select Switch Static Configuration with Tab and press Enter
13
Chapter 3 Management Configuration
(2) On the Administration Configuration item, press Enter
(3) Select IP Configuration with Tab and press Enter
(4) Change IP sequence
a. Select Edit item to Change IP address, Subnet Mask and Gateway
b. Use CTRL+A key combination to return to actions menu
c. Select Save to save change and go back to System Configuration page
d. Select Previous Menu item to quit System Configuration page
e. Select Main Menu item to quit IP DSLAM Configuration page and go back to Main Menu
f. Select Reboot IP DSLAM menu item
g. Select Restart menu item to reboot your IP DSLAM with new configuration.
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Chapter 3 Management Configuration
3.2 Remote Network Management
3.2.1 IP Setting
You must first setup the "IP Address" with the local serial console port (RS-232 Port). Then you can use this IP address
to control the VDSL IP DSLAM by Telnet and WEB. You could also change your computer's IP domain to be the same
as that of the VDSL SWITCH. Then use the default IP address to control this VDSL IP DSLAM.
Default TCP/IP settings of the VDSL Switch
IP Address : 192.168.16.250
Subnet Mask : 255.255.255.0
Default Gateway : 192.168.16.1
1. Remote control by "Telnet"
To enter Telnet, type the IP address of the IP DSLAM to connect with the management system, then type the
username and password.
Default User Name: admin
Default Password: 123
Notes:
I. For security reasons, we limit the number of user login sessions on Telnet and Console port. You cannot
login with Telnet and the serial Console port at the same time. You can login with Telnet and the Console port
at different times. You should close the console port by logging out when leaving. Otherwise you will not be
able to login by Telnet.
II. WEB Login does not limit user login sessions.
2. Remote control by "WEB"
3.2.2 Web Management Function
1. Use a Web browser (IE, Firefox, Netscape, etc.) to manage and monitor the switch. The default values are as follows:
If you need change the IP address from its default value, you can use console mode to modify it. (see 3.1 In-band
Management)
IP Address: 192.168.16.250
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Default Gateway: 192.168.16.1
User Name: admin Password: 123
2. You can then browse to http:// 192.168.16.250, and type in the user name and password as shown below.
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Chapter 3 Management Configuration
3.2.2.1. Web Management Home Overview
This is the VDSL IP DSLAM's Home Page.
3.2.2.2. Port status
On this page you can see all current port statuses
1. Config: Display the state of user configuration.
2. Actual: Display the actual state of the connection.
3. State: Displays the port status; disable means unlink port, enable means link port.
4. Link Status: Down indicates "No Link", while UP indicates "Link".
5. Auto Negotiation: Displays the Switch auto negotiation mode.
6. Speed status: Ports 9 & 10 are 10/100/1000Mbps Ethernet and Ports 1-8 are 5/15/25Mbps VDSL.
7. Duplex status: Displays full-duplex or half-duplex mode.
8. Flow control: Displays flow control status enabled or disabled mode.
16
Chapter 3 Management Configuration
You must click on the actual physical port on the graphic image of the DSLAM to view the individual port status in
detail. Then the user can see a single port counter as follows.
3.2.2.3. Port Statistics
The following information provides a view of the current Port Statistics of the unit.
3.2.2.4. Administrator
There are many management functions for configuration or display, including:
IP Address : sets the units IP address, subnet mask and gateway
Switch Setting : includes basic and advanced Layer 2 switch settings
Port Controls : adjusts the user configuration for each port's state, auto, speed, duplex and flow control
Link Aggregation : provides the ability to aggregate any or all ports into 1 to 4 groups
Filter Database : provides for static MAC, port security and MAC filtering functions
VLAN Config : if active, the VLAN configuration is done here
Spanning Tree : provides the ability to configure STP between any ports
Port Mirroring : configures the port mirroring function for traffic sniffers
SNMP : configures the SNMP MIB parameters, community strings and trap managers
SNR Status : displays the signal to noise ratio figures for all VDSL ports
Security Manager : changes the admin password
TFTP Update Firmware : set the Trivial FTP IP address and image name used for upgrading firmware
Configuration Backup : provides export and import ability of the internal configuration
Reset System : returns the device to factory defaults
Reboot : does a soft reboot of the device and applies any configuration changes
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Chapter 3 Management Configuration
3.2.2.5. IP Address
1. The administrator can configure the IP Settings by filling in new values, then clicking the apply button.
2. The new IP address is applied after a soft reset or power re-cycle is performed.
The Default IP is 192.168.16.250
3.2.2.6. Switch Settings
Basic
1. Description : Displays the device type name.
2. MAC Address : The unique Ethernet hardware address assigned by manufacturer
3. Firmware Version : Displays the switch's firmware version.
4. Hardware Version : Displays the switch's hardware version.
5. Default config value version: Displays the factory default EEPROM value version.
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Chapter 3 Management Configuration
Advanced
1. MAC Address Age-out Time : The number of seconds that an inactive MAC address remains in the switch's
address table. The valid range is 300~765 seconds. Default is 300 seconds.
2. Max bridge transit delay bound control : Limit the packets queuing time in the store and forward switch. If
enabled, the packets queued exceeding the setting value will be dropped. The valid values are 1sec, 2 sec, 4 sec and
off. Default is 4 seconds.
3. Broadcast Storm Filter : To configure broadcast storm control, enable it and set the upper threshold for each
individual port. The threshold is the percentage of the port's total bandwidth used by broadcast traffic. When
broadcast traffic for a port rises above the threshold you set, broadcast storm control becomes active. The valid
threshold values are 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25% and off. The default is 5%.
Priority Queue Service settings:
1. First Come First Served : The sequence of packets sent is dependant on the arrive order.
2. All High before Low : High priority packets are sent before low priority packets.
3. Weighted Round Robin : Select the preference given to packets in the switch's high-priority queue. This option
represents the number of high priority packets sent before one low priority packet is sent. For example, 5 High : 2
Low means that the switch sends 5 high priority packets before sending 2 low priority packets.
4. Enable Delay Bound : Limits the low priority packets queuing time in the switch. The default Max Delay Time
is 255ms. If the low priority packet stays in the switch exceeding Max Delay Time, it will be sent. The valid range
is 1~255 ms.
NOTE: Make sure the "Enable Delay Bound" is checked before entering a "Max Delay Time" values. The Max
Delay Time value works under the Enable Delay Bound control.
5. QoS Policy : High Priority Levels: 0~7 priority levels may be mapped to high or low queue.
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Chapter 3 Management Configuration
Protocol Enable Setting:
1. Enable Spanning Tree Protocol : Default recommend to enable STP
2. Enable IGMP : enable Internet Group Multicast Protocol
3. VLAN Protocol : 802.1Q (Tagging Based) without GVRP VLAN mode
802.1Q (Tagging Based) with GVRP VLAN mode
GVRP (GARP [Generic Attribute Registration Protocol] VLAN Registration Protocol)
GVRP allows automatic VLAN configuration between the switch and nodes. If the switch is connected to a device with
GVRP enabled, it will send a GVRP request using the VID of a VLAN defined on the switch, and the switch will
automatically add that device to the existing VLAN.
Assign management IP address to specific VLAN
This can limit the management system for only a specific VLAN. This function must first enable 802.1Q.
Auto Speed SNR margin value setup: Maximum Minimum
VDSL Speed auto adaptive function is based on SNR value. You can specify target SNR margins.
Maximum: When SNR value is bigger than Maximum value, the VDSL speed will increase.
Minimum: When SNR value is smaller than Minimum value, the VDSL speed will decrease.
The priority of Minimum setup is higher than Maximum setup.
3.2.2.7. Console Port Information
The console is a standard UART interface which communicates with the Serial Port.
the user can use Windows® HyperTerminal™ program to link to the serial port. Configure with these parameter:
Bits per seconds: 9600
Data bits: 8
Parity: none
Stop Bits: 1
Flow control: none
3.2.2.8. Port Controls, VDSL Speed Control and port Enable/Disable
This section shows you how to change each port status and speed mode
State : You can disable or enable the VDSL port here
Auto Negotiation : You can set auto-negotiation enabled or disabled for the VDSL port here
Speed : You can change the VDSL Speed mode as 5Mbps, 15Mbps or 25Mbps
Speed Default Value : Auto
Distance range between VDSL & VDSL modem when standard 24 AWG (0.5mm) wire is used:
5 Mbps -> 1.7 Km (Without PBX)
15 Mbps -> 1.1 km (Without PBX)
25 Mbps -> 0.6 km (Without PBX)
Duplex : User can set full-duplex or half-duplex mode on the Ethernet port. The VDSL port is fixed at Full Duplex.
Flow Control : Full: User can set flow control function enabled or disabled in Full mode.
Half: User can set backpressure enabled or disabled in Half mode.
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Chapter 3 Management Configuration
Change Speed procedures:
1. Confirm the phone cable has been connected between the IP DSLAM and the VDSL modem.
2. Power on the IP DSLAM and VDSL modem.
3. The IP DLSAM will start auto-speed negotiation reboot.
The IP DSLAM will try 25M mode to link with VDSL modem, if that fails the negotiation will try 15M mode to
link with the VSL modem, and if this fails, the auto negotiation will drop to 5M and try to re-link with the VDSL
modem. Please note that with any length of phone cable change, the VDSL modem must re-power and re-negotiate
the speed again.
Please wait 5 ~ 120 seconds until the VDSL port link is up, depending on the length of phone cable.
*Note: The VDSL ports support auto-speed negotiation. The speed mode depends on phone cable length and crosstalk
(noise) issues. Any re-negotiation of speed requires re-plugging the phone line and re-powering IP DSLAM or modem.
The speed negotiation may take up to 2 minutes.
25M/25M symmetric runs at up to 600 meters
15M/15M symmetric runs at up to 1.1km
5M/5M symmetric runs at up to 1.7km
The above speed modes were tested based on 24 AWG twist pair phone cable without PBX connection. We do
not recommend setting the speed unless necessary. Both VDSL IP DSLAM and modem must be set at the same speed in
order to link successfully. Auto setting on both is the preferred method.
3.2.2.9. Link Aggregation
The Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) is part of IEEE-802.3ad that allows bundling of several physical ports
to form a logical channel. LACP allows a switch to automatically negotiate the bundle. This feature can expand
bandwidth to a device on the network. LACP operation requires full-duplex mode. For more detailed information refer
to IEEE 802.3ad standard document.
Aggregator setting
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Chapter 3 Management Configuration
1. System Priority : A value used to identify the active LACP. The switch with the lowest value has the highest
priority and is selected as the active LACP.
2. Group ID : You may create a link aggregation across two or more ports, choose the "group id" and click "Get".
3. LACP : If enabled, the group is an LACP static trunking group. If disabled, the group is a local static trunking
group. All ports support LACP dynamic trunk grouping. If connected to a device that also supports LACP, the
LACP dynamic trunking group will be created automatically.
4. Work ports : The max number of ports that can be aggregated at the same time. If in LACP static trunking group,
the excess ports will standby and be able to aggregate if the work ports fail. If in local static trunking group, the
number must be the same as group ports.
5. Select the ports to join the trunking group
6. If LACP is enabled, you can configure LACP Active/Passive status for each port.
7. Click Apply.
Aggregator Information
When you are setting the LACP aggregator, you can see the relation information here.
This page show the Active and Partner trunking group 1 with port 1, 2, and 3.
State Activity
Active (select): The port automatically sends LACP protocol packets.
Passive (no select): The port does not automatically sends LACP protocol packets, and responds only if it receives
LACP protocol packets from another connected device.
1. A link having either two active LACP ports or one active port can perform dynamic LACP trunking. A link
which has two passive LACP ports will not perform dynamic LACP trunking because both ports are waiting
for LACP protocol packets from the opposite device.
2. If you are activate LACP's state active, then when you are select the trunking port, the active status will be
created automatically.
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Chapter 3 Management Configuration
3.2.2.10. Filter Database
IGMP Snooping
The IP DSLAM supports IP multicasting. IGMP protocol can be enabled via the web management's switch setting
advanced page, and then can display the IGMP snooping information on this same page. Different multicast groups may
be viewed, along with VID and member port. The IP multicast addresses range is from 224.0.0.0 through
239.255.255.255.
The Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) is an internal protocol of the Internet Protocol (IP) suite. IP manages
multicast traffic by using switches, routers, and hosts that support IGMP. Enabling IGMP allows the ports to detect
IGMP queries and report packets and manage IP multicast traffic through the switch. For more information about IGMP,
please refer to RFC988, 1054, 1112, 1812.
IGMP has three fundamental types of messages as follows:
Message
Description
A message sent from the query agent (IGMP router or switch) asking for a
Query
response from each host belonging to the multicast group.
A message sent by a host to the query agents to indicate that the host wants to be
Report
or is a member of a given group indicated in the report message.
A message sent by a host to the query agents to indicate that the host has quit to
Leave Group
be a member of a specific multicast group.
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Chapter 3 Management Configuration
Static MAC Address
When you add a static MAC address, it remains in the switch's address table, regardless of whether the device is
physically connected to the switch. This saves the switch from having to re-learn a device's MAC address when it is
disconnected or powered-off and again becomes active on the network.
1. To add a static MAC address, from the main menu, click administrator, then click Filter Database.
2. Click Static MAC Addresses. In the MAC address box, enter the MAC address for the port which should
permanently forward traffic, regardless of the device's network activity.
3. In the Port Number box, select a port number. If tag-based (IEEE 802.1Q) VLANs are setup on the switch, static
addresses are associated with individual VLANs. Type the VID (VLAN ID) to associate it with the MAC address.
4. Click "add"
Port Security
A port in security mode will be "locked" without permission for address learning. Only the incoming packets with MAC
already existing in the address table can be forwarded normally. The administrator can disable the port from learning
any new MAC addresses, then use the static MAC addresses screen to define a list of MAC addresses that can be used
on the secured port. Enter the settings, then click Submit to apply the changes on this page.
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Chapter 3 Management Configuration
MAC Filtering
MAC address filtering allows the switch to drop unwanted traffic. Traffic is filtered based on the destination addresses.
For example, if your network is congested because of high utilization from one MAC address, you can filter all traffic
transmitted from that MAC address, restoring network flow while you troubleshoot the problem.
3.2.2.11. VLAN configuration
A Virtual LAN (VLAN) is a logical network grouping that limits the broadcast domain. It allows you to isolate network
traffic so only members of the VLAN receive traffic from the same VLAN members. Basically, creating a VLAN from
a switch is logically equivalent to physically reconnecting a group of network devices to another Layer 2 switch.
However, all the network devices are still plugged into the same switch physically. The IP DSLAM supports port-based
and protocol-base VLAN in the web management page. In the default configuration, VLAN support is enabled and all
ports on the switch belong to the default VLAN ID, VID 1.
Supports Multiple VLAN (IEEE 802.1Q VLAN)
Port-based Tagging rule VLAN is an IEEE 802.1Q specification standard. Using this standard, it is possible to create a
VLAN across devices from different switch venders. IEEE 802.1Q VLAN uses a technique to insert a "tag" into the
Ethernet frames. The Tag contains a VLAN Identifier (VID) that indicates the VLAN numbers.
Supports Protocol-based VLAN
In order for an end station to send packets to different VLAN, it has to be capable of either tagging packets it sends with
VLAN tags or attaching to a VLAN-aware bridge that is capable of classifying and tagging the packet with different
VLAN ID based on not only default VID but also other information about the packet, such as the protocol. The IP
DSLAM will support protocol-based VLAN classification by means of both built-in knowledge of layer 2 packet
formats used by selected popular protocols, such as Novell IPX and AppleTalk's EtherTalk, and some degree of
programmable protocol matching capability.
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Chapter 3 Management Configuration
Basic
Create a VLAN and add tagged member ports to it.
1. From the main menu, click administrator -- VLAN configuration.
2. Click "Add"
3. Type a name for the new VLAN.
4. Type a VID (between 2-4094). The default is 1.
5. From the Available ports box, select ports to add to the switch and click Add.
6. Click "Apply".
Port VID
Configure port VID settings
From the main Tag-based (IEEE 802.1Q) VLAN page, click Port VID Settings. Assign a port VLAN ID (1-4094) for
untagged traffic on each port. Click "Submit" to apply changes.
Port VID (PVID)
Sets the Port VLAN ID that will be assigned to untagged traffic on a given port. For example, if port 10's Default PVID
is 100, all untagged packets on port 10 will belong to VLAN 100. The default setting for all ports is VID 1. This feature
is useful for accommodating devices that you want to participate in the VLAN but that don't support tagging. Only one
untagged VLAN is allowed per port.
Ingress Filtering
Ingress filtering lets frames belonging to a specific VLAN be forwarded if the port belongs to that VLAN. The IP
DSLAM has two ingress filtering rules as follows:
Ingress Filtering Rule 1 : Forward only packets with VID matching this port's configured VID
Ingress Filtering Rule 2 : Drop Untagged Frames
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Chapter 3 Management Configuration
3.2.2.12. Spanning Tree
The Spanning-Tree Protocol (STP) is a standardized method (IEEE 802.1D ) for avoiding loops in switched networks.
When STP is enabled, it ensures that only one path at a time is active between any two nodes on the network. You can
enable Spanning-Tree Protocol through the web management's switch setting advanced item, select enable
Spanning-Tree protocol. We are recommended that you enable STP on all switches to ensure a single active path on the
network.
1. You can view spanning tree information about the root bridge on the following screen:
2. You can view the spanning tree status of the switch from the following screen.
3. You can set new values for STP parameters, then click set Apply button to modify.
Parameter
Priority
Max Age
Hello Time
Forward
Delay time
Description
You can change the priority value; A value used to identify the root bridge. The
bridge with the lowest value has the highest priority and is selected as the root.
Enter a number 1 through 65535.
You can change Max Age value; The number of seconds a bridge waits without
receiving Spanning-Tree Protocol configuration messages before attempting a
reconfiguration. Enter a number 6 through 40.
You can change Hello time value; The number of seconds between the transmission
of Spanning-Tree Protocol configuration messages. Enter a number 1 through 10.
You can change forward delay time; The number of seconds a port waits before
changing from its Spanning-Tree Protocol learning and listening state to the
forwarding state. Enter a number 4 through 30.
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Chapter 3 Management Configuration
4. The following parameters can be configured on each port. Click Apply button to modify.
Parameter
Port Priority
Path Cost
Description
You can make the port more or less likely to become the root port by setting the
number lower or higher. The rage is 0-255 and default setting is 128. The lowest
number has the highest priority. If you change this value, you must reboot the
switch.
Specifies the path cost of the port that the switch uses to determine which ports are
the forwarding ports. The lowest numbers are the forwarding ports. The range is
1-65535 and default value is based on IEEE802.1D 10Mb/s = 50-600 100Mb/s =
10-60 1000Mb/s = 3-10. If you change this value, you must reboot the switch.
3.2.2.13. Port Mirroring
Port Mirroring is a method for allowing the monitoring of traffic in switched networks. Traffic through ports can be
monitored by one specific port. In other words, traffic going in or out the monitored ports will be duplicated on the
mirror port.
Roving Analysis State : Enable or disable the port mirroring function.
Analysis Port : Analysis port can be used to see all monitor port traffic. You can connect mirrored port to LAN
Analyzers, Session Wall or Wireshark Packet Capture.
Monitor Ports : The ports you want to monitor. All monitor port traffic will be copied to mirrored port. You can select a
maximum of 9 monitor ports in the switch. If you want to disable the function, you must unselect all the monitor ports.
Monitor Rx : Monitored receive frames from the port.
Monitor Tx : Monitoring sent frames from the port.
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Chapter 3 Management Configuration
3.2.2.14. SNMP
Any Network Manager running the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) can manage the switch, provided
the Management Information Base (MIB) is installed correctly on the management station. SNMP is a Protocol that
governs the transfer of information between manager and agent. The VDSL SWITCH support SNMP v1.
1. Use this page to define workstations as trap managers and to enter SNMP community strings. The administrator can
also define name, location, and contact person for the switch. Fill in the system options data, and then click Apply to
update the changes on this page.
Name: Enter a name to be used for the switch.
Location: Enter the location of the switch.
Contact: Enter the name of a person or organization.
2. Community strings serve as passwords and can be entered as one of the following:
Read only: Enables requests accompanied by this string to display MIB-object information.
Read write: Enables requests accompanied by this string to display MIB-object information and to set MIB objects.
3. Trap Manager
A trap manager is a management station that receives traps, the system alerts generated by the switch. If no trap
manager is defined, no traps are issued. Create a trap manager by entering the IP address of the station and a community
string.
Enterprise MIB contains two traps:
When IP DSLAM internal temperature is greater than 70°C, the system will send a "Temperature alarm " trap.
When the IP DSLAM's internal cooling FAN doesn't run, the system will send a "FAN speed alarm" trap.
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Chapter 3 Management Configuration
3.2.2.15. SNR
The following information provides a view of the current VDSL Attenuation value of the unit for each port.
SNR(Signal to Noise Ratio)
3.2.2.16. Security Manager
1. Using this page, the administrator can change web management user name and password.
User name: Admin
Password: 123
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Chapter 3 Management Configuration
3.2.2.17. TFTP Update Firmware
1. The following menu options provide some system control functions to allow an administrator to update firmware and
remote boot the switch system.
1. Start the TFTP server application.
2. Copy firmware update version image.bin to TFTP server's directory.
3. In the web management, select administrator - TFTP update firmware.
4. Keyin the TFTP server's IP address and the image filename.
5. Download new image.bin file in web management by pressing <update firmware>.
3.2.2.18. Configuration Backup/Restore
TFTP Restore Configuration
Use this page to set the TFTP server's IP address and restore filename. You can restore configuration values from here,
but you first must have a backup file in the TFTP server. Press "Apply" and the switch will download backup
configuration.
TFTP Backup Configuration
Use this page to set the TFTP server's IP address and name to give the configuration backup file. You can save current
configuration values from here. Then go to the TFTP restore configuration page to restore the configuration values.
3.2.2.19. Reset System
Resets the IP DSLAM to factory default configuration.
Note. Please make sure the IP DSLAM has been disconnected from VDSL Modem.
3.2.2.20. Reboot
Reboot the IP DSLAM using software reset.
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32
Chapter 4 Applications
4. Applications
VDSL may be used to provide a network architecture. Transforming an apartment into a Multiple-Family Home
network area, sharing a single internet account for multiple users via Router & Cable Modem, the VDSL IP DSLAM
can provide unlimited access time in the Internet at a reasonably low price.
Bridging Functions
The IP DSLAM provides full transparent bridging function. It automatically connects node addresses, that are later used
to filter and forward all traffic based on the destination address. When traffic passes between devices attached to the
shared collision domain, those packets are filtered from the IP DSLAM. But when traffic must be passed between
unique segments (i.e., different ports of the IP DSLAM), a temporary link is set up between the IP DSLAM's port in
order to pass this traffic, via the high-speed VDSL fabric.
Transceiver function
The IP DSLAM supports Ethernet to VDSL conversion. It can transmit or receive packet from Ethernet port to the
VDSL ports, or VDSL ports to Ethernet port.
Flexible Configuration
The IP DSLAM is not only designed to segment your network, but also to provide a wide range of options in the
configuration of home network connections. It can be used as a simple stand-alone IP DSLAM; or can be connected
with another IP DSLAM, Cable modem, Router, xDSL, ISDN, gateway or other network interconnection devices in
various configurations. Some of the common applications of the IP DSLAM are described in this chapter.
*Application for Video on demand and Video conference
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Chapter 4 Applications
*Used in apartment complex for Internet access
The IP DSLAM provides a high speed, auto-speed transmission over existing telephone wiring. Using a single Internet
account, the IP DSLAM can provide simultaneous independent Internet access to multiple users. Whether over ISDN
Telephone system or POTS Telephone system, VDSL Technology will let you use the telephone system and VDSL
network system at the same time.
* Application for sharing a single internet account
If multiple users would like to share a single internet account using the IP DSLAM, they should be connected to an IP
sharing device, then to xDSL or Cable Modem.
Note:
For network applications that actually require Router (e.g., Interconnecting dissimilar network types),
attaching the IP DSLAM directly to a router can significantly improve overall networking performance.
High bandwidth backbone ready
The IP DSLAM provides 10/100/1000Mbps auto sensing for external trunk device (Fiber media converter, Wireless
Bridge, xDSL & other WAN services)
34
Appendix A Troubleshooting
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
Diagnosing VDSL Indicators
The VDSL IP DSLAM can be easily monitored through its comprehensive panel indicators. These indicators assist the
network manager in identifying problems the IP DSLAM may encounter. This section describes common problems you
may encounter and possible solutions.
Symptom: POWER indicator does not light up (green) after power on.
Cause: Defective power outlet, power cord, internal power supply
Solution: Check the power outlet by trying another outlet that is functioning properly. Check the power cord
with another device. If these measures fail to resolve the problem, have the unit power supply replaced by a qualified
distributor.
Symptom: Link indicator does not light up (green) after making a connection.
Cause: Network interface (e.q., a network adapter card on the attached device), network cable, or switch
port is defective.
Solution: Verify that the switch and attached device are powered on.
Be sure the cable is plugged into both the switch and corresponding device.
Verify that the proper cable type is used and its length does not exceed specified limits.
Check the adapter on the attached device and cable connections for possible defects.
Replace the defective adapter or cable if necessary.
Symptom: VDSL always links at 5M/5M speed mode even with short phone cable.
Cause: VDSL auto speed lock up.
Solution: Please re-power the VDSL IP DSLAM.
Note : The VDSL IP DSLAM will also renegotiate auto speed function when the remote VDSL modem is re-powered
on.
System Diagnostics
Power and Cooling Problems
If the POWER indicator does not turn on when the power cord is plugged in, you may have a problem with the power
outlet, power cord, or internal power supply as explained in the previous section. However, if the unit should turn itself
off after running for a while, check for loose power connections, power loss or surges at the power outlet, and verify
that the fan on back of the unit is unobstructed and running prior to shutdown. If you still cannot isolate the problem,
then the internal power supply may be defective. In this case, contact your supplier for assistance.
Installation
Verify that all system components have been properly installed. If one or more components appear to be malfunctioning
(e.g., the power cord or network cabling), test them in an alternate environment, where you are sure that all the other
components are functioning properly.
Transmission Mode
The selections of the transmission mode for the Ethernet RJ-45 ports are auto-negotiated using the default method.
Therefore, if the Link signal is disrupted (e.g., by unplugging the network cable and plugging it back in again, or by
resetting the power), the port will try to reestablish communications with the attached device via auto-negotiation. If
auto-negotiation fails, then communications are set to half duplex by default. Based on this type of industry-standard
connection policy, if you are using a full-duplex device that does not support auto-negotiation, communications can be
easily lost (i.e., reset to the wrong mode) whenever the attached device is reset or experiences a power fluctuation. The
best way to resolve this problem is to upgrade these devices to versions that will support auto-negotiation.
35
Appendix A Troubleshooting
Cabling
Verify that the cable type is correct. Be sure RJ-45 cable connectors are securely seated in the required ports. Use 100Ω
straight-through cables for all standard connections. Use Category 5 cable for 100Mbps Fast Ethernet connections, or
Category 3, 4 or 5 cables for standard 10Mbps Ethernet connections. Be sure RJ-45 phone wiring uses 18~26 AWG
wire. Make sure all devices are connected to the network. Equipment any have been unintentionally disconnected from
the network. When cascading two devices using RJ-45 station ports at both ends of the cable (i.e., not an MDI port),
make sure a crossover cable is used. Crossover cable should only be used if an auto-MDIX port is not available.
Physical Configuration
If problems occur after altering the network configuration, restore the original connections, and try to track the problem
down by implementing the new changes, one step at a time. Ensure that cable distances and other physical aspects of
the installation do not exceed recommendations.
System Integrity
As a last resort, verify the switch integrity with a power-on reset. Turn the power to the switch off and then on several
times. If the problem still persists, and you have completed all the preceding diagnostics, contact your dealer for
assistance.
36
Appendix B VDSL Spectrum
Appendix B: VDSL Spectrum
VDSL Technology – Requirements & Definitions
Spectral Allocation
• Co-exists with legacy Voice and ISDN services
Slide 5
06-April-2000
page: 5
• Co-exists with other xDSL technologies
• Programmable notch filter to avoid Radio Frequency Interference
 2002 Infineon Technologies COM/AC
All rights reserved
VDSL Spectral Allocation
37
Appendix C Examples
Appendix C: Example of VLAN Setting
1. Port Based VLAN Setting
Web management Administrator Switch settings Advanced:
Protocol Enable Setting VLAN Operation Mode: Select "Port_Based"
Web management Administrator Switch settingsVlan Configuration:
Add VLAN Group 1, member: port 1 and port 9
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Appendix C Examples
2. Tag Based (IEEE 802.1Q) VLAN Setting
Web management Administrator Switch settings Advanced:
Protocol Enable Setting VLAN Operation Mode: Select "802.1Q without GVRP"
Administrator VLAN Configuration: Select "Port VID" in this stage, you can define each port's PVID and set traffic
rules for each port.
Note: There are two basic rules for setting traffic filtering rule while you use Tag VLAN.
1. Ingress rule will take effect when the packet is "incoming".
2. Ingress rule 1 and 2 will be checked when you use tag. Otherwise the ingress rule will be meaningless.
39
Appendix C Examples
VLAN Configuration: Select "Basic"
Default_1 exists when you use 802.1Q Tag VLAN.
Highlight default_1 and click Edit button to add/remove each port.
In default_1 group, add in or remove group members.
Click Next button to set Tag or Untag for each assigned port.
40
Appendix C Examples
From this page, you can set Tag or Untag for assigned port and click Apply button.
Add in new group.
Click Add button into new group setting page.
41
Appendix C Examples
Add in new group page.
Fill in new group name into VLAN Name.
Set the VID number.
Add in new group members.
Click Next button.
Set Tag or Untag for group members and click Apply button.
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Appendix C Examples
New group has been created, now you can highlight each group and click Edit or Delete button to modify or delete
VLAN Group.
43
Transmission Units
Far Eastern Vienna Technology Center
(Neihu Technology Park)
8F, No. 60 Zhouzi St.,
Neihu District,
Taipei, Taiwan
Phone: (886) 2-2659-1021
FAX: (886) 2-2799-1355
E-mail: info@ctcu.com
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