User Manual

User Manual
OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse
Embryonic Stem Cells With GFP
(ESCs/GFP)
Cat. No. MUBES-01101
Table of Contents
Contents and Storage …………………………………………………………………………………… 3
Product Introduction ………………………………………………………………….………………… 3
Cell Characteristics and Identity ………………………………………………...……………… 3
Product Applications ……………………………………………………………….………………… 4
General Handling Principles ………………………………………………….…………………… 4
Gelatin Coating of Tissue Culture Vessels for MEFs ………………..…………………….. 4
Culturing OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP
Thawing and Establishing of MEF Feeder Cells ……………………………….………….… 5
Thawing and Establishing of OriCell TM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP…………. 6
Passaging OriCell TM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP ……………………………….… 8
Differentiation of OriCell TM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP ………………………… 9
Cryopreservation of OriCell TM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP …………………… 10
Appendix ………………………………………………………………………… 12
Troubleshooting ……………………………………………………………………………………… 12
Related products ……………………………………………………………………………….…… 13
Refenrences …………………………………………………………………………………………… 13
Technical Support ……………………………………………………………… 14
CONTENTS AND STORAGE
Product Name
Strain C57BL/6 Mouse Embryonic Stem
Cells With GFP
Catalog No.
MUBES-01101
Amount per Vial
1×106 Cells
Cryopreserved At
The 23rd Passage
Storage Condition
Liquid Nitrogen
CAUTION: Please handle this product as a potentially biohazardous material. This
product contains Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO), a hazardous material, in the freezing
medium.
PRODUCT INTRODUCTION
Embryonic Stem Cells With GFP (ESCs/GFP) are pluripotent cells derived from the inner
cell mass of blastocysts. These cells are able to differentiate into all derivatives of the
primary germ layers, including ectoderm, endoderm, and mesoderm, thus generating
every cell type in the body. Different from most other stem cells, ESCs/GFP are capable
of self-renewal indefinitely. Because of their plasticity and potentially unlimited capacity
for self-renewal, ES cell therapies have been proposed for regenerative medicine and
tissue replacement.
OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP maintain diploid karyotype after extended
passages in vitro. These cells express specific clusters of different proteins for
ESCs/GFP, and are capable of forming embryoid bodies in vitro and developing
teratomas in nude mice.
Cyagen OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP are derived from the inner cell mass
of strain C57BL/6 Mouse blastocysts (at 3.5 dpc) and cultured on γ-ray irradiated
mouse embryonic fibroblasts as feeder cells in OriCell TM Mouse ESC Growth Medium,
and then have been transfected with a lentiviral construct containing a GFP expression
motif, and been selected from a purified ESCs/GFP clone.
In addition, these cells have been tested for:

Exogenous Factors: bacterial/fungal contamination, mycoplasma contamination,
and endotoxin contamination.

Characteristics: post-thaw viability, cell cycle, verification of undifferentiated
state, and differentiation potential.
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This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for
diagnostic, therapeutic, clinical, household, or any other applications.
CELL CHARACTERISTICS AND IDENTITY

Ability to differentiate into all derivatives of the three primary germ layers.

Reproduce indefinitely under proper conditions.

Positive for pluripotent stem cell markers Oct4, SSEA-1 and Nanog (≥ 90%),
negative for SSEA-3 and SSEA-4 (≤ 5%)
PRODUCT APPLICATIONS
OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells With GFP (ESCs/GFP) are potent
tools for basic and applied research in diverse fields, including basic mechanism
involved in developmental procedure and disorder, regenerative biology and potential
therapies. Specially, ESCs/GFP are a valuable utility to make genetically modified mice
by introducing mutations into the mouse germ line.
GENERAL HANDLING PRINCIPLES
1. Aseptic handling of the product is necessary throughout.
2. Once the cells have been established, always freeze several vials of OriCellTM
C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP as a backup.
3. Establish and maintain Cyagen OriCell TM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse Embryonic Stem
Cells With GFP on mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) feeder layers. We
recommend using Cyagen OriCell TM Strain ICR MEFs (Irradiated) for culturing mouse
ESCs/GFP.
4. For general maintenance of cells, we recommend the seeding density to be 2.0-2.5×
104cells/cm2.
5. Do not let OriCellTM C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP overgrow as it will result in contact
between the colonies. We recommend that the Mouse ESCs/GFP are routinely
passaged every 48 hrs.
Gelatin Coating of Tissue Culture Vessels for Mouse Embryonic
Fibroblasts (MEFs)
Materials Required:

Gelatin Solution (Cat. No. GLT-11301)
Gelatin Coating of Tissue Culture Vessels
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1. Add sufficient Gelatin Solution into the culture vessel to completely cover its base.
2. Swirl until Gelatin Solution coats the entire base of vessel. Let it sit for at least 30
minutes at room temperature.
3. Aspirate off all of the Gelatin Solution and allow the residual amount to evaporate
by leaving the vessel sitting open in the laminar flow hood/biological safety cabinet
for no more than 30 minutes.
4. Enclose the culture vessel once it has dried.
Note: Gelatinized dishes or flasks can be stored at 4°C for no more than 2 weeks,
provided they remain sterile.
THAWING AND ESTABLISHING MOUSE EMBRYONIC FIBROBLASTS
(MEFs)
Materials Required

Gelatin Solution (Cat. No. GLT-11301)

OriCellTM Strain ICR Mouse Embryonic Fibroblasts (Cat. No. MUIEF-01002)

OriCellTM Mouse Embryonic Fibroblast Growth Medium (Cat. No. MUXEF-90011)
Thawing and Establishing MEFs
1. Pre-warm the OriCellTM MEF Growth Medium to 37°C.
2. Add 9 mL of OriCellTM MEF Growth Medium to a 15 mL conical tube.
3. Remove the cryovial of OriCellTM Strain ICR MEFs from liquid nitrogen. Quickly thaw
the vial in a 37°C water bath until the last ice crystal disappears. For optimal
results, be sure to finish the thawing procedure within 3 minutes. Be careful not to
submerge the entire vial. Maximum cell viability is dependent on the rapid and
complete thawing of frozen cells.
Note: Results will be less than optimal if the cells are thawed for more than 3 minutes
4. As soon as the cells are completely thawed, disinfect the outside of the vial with 70%
v/v ethanol.
5. Use a pipette to transfer the cells to the 15 mL conical tube containing OriCellTM
MEF Growth Medium inside a biosafety cabinet. Be careful not to introduce any
bubbles during the transfer process.
6. Rinse the vial with 1 mL of medium to reduce cell loss. Subsequently transfer this
1mL of cell suspension to the conical tube.
7. Gently mix the cell suspension by slowly pipetting up and down. Be careful not to
introduce any bubbles.
8. Centrifuge the cell suspension at 250 x g for 5 minutes.
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9. Carefully aspirate off as much of the supernatant as possible and add 3 mL of fresh
OriCellTM MEF Growth Medium (pre-warmed to 37°C).
10. Gently resuspend the cells in OriCell TM MEF Growth Medium.
11. Seed the cells into 6-well plates pre-coated with Gelatin Solution (or other
appropriate flasks) and add sufficient OriCell TM MEF Growth Medium. Gently rock
the culture plate to evenly distribute the cells.
Note: We recommend the seeding density of MEFs to be 2.0-3.0×104cells/cm2.
12. Incubate at 37°C in a 5% CO2 humidified incubator.
13. The next day, change the medium with fresh OriCell TM MEF Growth Medium (prewarmed to 37°C).
Note:
1. If the next day thawing of the Embryonic Stem Cells With GFP is performed, the
medium can be changed directly to embryonic stem cell growth medium.
2. Thawing the feeder cells should be performed at least one day before thawing
Embryonic Stem Cells With GFP.
3. The feeder cells should be used as soon as possible once thawed.
Fig. 1 Cyagen OriCellTM Mouse Embryonic Fibroblasts (Irradiated) plated on culture vessels coated with
0.1% gelatin.
THAWING AND ESTABLISHING OriCellTM STRAIN C57BL/6 Mouse
EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS WITH GFP (ESCs/GFP)
Materials Required:

Gelatin Solution (Cat. No. GLT-11301)

OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells With GFP (Cat. No. MUAES01001)

OriCellTM Mouse Embryonic Stem Cell Growth Medium (Cat. No. MUXES-90011)
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Thawing and Establishing C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP
1. Pre-warm the OriCellTM Mouse ESC Growth Medium and 1×PBS to 37°C.
2. Add 9 mL of OriCellTM Mouse ESC Growth Medium to a 15 mL conical tube.
3. Remove the cryovial of OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP from liquid
nitrogen. Quickly thaw the vial in 37°C water bath until the last ice piece disappears.
For optimal results, be sure to finish the thawing procedure within 3 minutes. Be
careful not to submerge the entire vial. Maximum cell viability is dependent on the
rapid and complete thawing of frozen cells.
Note: Results will be less than optimal if the cells are thawed for more than 3 minutes
4. As soon as the cells are completely thawed, disinfect the outside of the vial with 70%
v/v ethanol.
5. In a laminar flow hood, use pipette to transfer the cells to the conical tube
containing OriCellTM Mouse ESC Growth Medium.
Note: Be careful not to introduce any bubbles during the transfer process.
6. Rinse the vial with 1 ml of medium to reduce the loss of cell and then transfer the
cell suspension to the conical tube.
7. Gently mix the cell suspension by slowly pipetting up and down. Be careful not to
introduce any bubbles.
8. Centrifuge the cell suspensions at 250 x g for 5 minutes.
9. Carefully aspirate as much of the supernatant as possible and add 3 mL of fresh
OriCellTM Mouse ESC Growth Medium (pre-warmed to 37°C).
10. Gently re-suspend the cells in OriCellTM Mouse ESC Growth Medium.
11. Plate the cells into TWO T25 flasks and add sufficient OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6
Mouse ESCs/GFP. Gently rock the culture flask to evenly distribute the cells.
12. Incubate at 37°C in a 5% CO2 humidified incubator.
13. The next day, change the medium with fresh OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse
ESCs/GFP (pre-warmed to 37°C).
Note: Changing Medium
1. Warm an appropriate amount of OriCellTM Mouse ESC Growth Medium to 37°C in a
sterile container. Remove the spent medium and replace it with the warmed, fresh
medium and return the flask to the incubator.
2. Avoid repeated warming and cooling of the medium. If the entire contents are not
needed for a single procedure, transfer only the required volume to a sterile
secondary container.
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Fig.2 Image of OriCellTM Stain C57BL/6 Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells With GFP at P25 cultured on OriCellTM
ICR Mouse Embryonic Fibroblasts (Irradiated) feeder cells.
PASSAGING OriCellTM STRAIN C57BL/6 Mouse EMBRYONIC STEM
CELLS WITH GFP (ESCs/GFP)
Materials Required:

OriCellTM Mouse Embryonic Stem Cell Growth Medium (Cat. No.MUXES-90011)

Vessels plated with MEF
Passaging C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP
1. Pre-warm OriCellTM Mouse ESC Growth Medium, 1×PBS, Trypsin-EDTA solution to
37°C.
2. Aspirate the spent medium from the OriCell TM ICR Mouse Embryonic Fibroblasts
(MEF).
3. Rinse MEF with 1×PBS (3 mL for one well of six-well plate).
4. Aspirate the 1×PBS from the flask and discard.
5. Repeat step 3-4 once or twice.
6. Add the pre-warmed OriCellTM Mouse ESC Growth Medium. Return the MEF to the 5%
CO2 humidified incubator.
Note: Be careful not to disturb the monolayer of MEF during step 2-6.
7.
Carefully aspirate off spent medium from OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP.
8.
Rinse the cells with 1×PBS (3 mL for one well of six-well plate).
9.
Aspirate the 1×PBS from the flask and discard.
10. Repeat the step 8-9 two or three times.
11. Add Trypsin-EDTA solution (200 μL for one well of six-well plate) and incubate for 12 minutes, until the OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP are dissociated. At
IMPI0067A3 MUBES-01101
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this point, gently tap the side of the flask to release the majority of cells from the
culture surface.
12. Add OriCellTM Mouse ESC Growth Medium (3 mL for one well of six-well plate) and
gently pipette up and down until colonies become dissociated to single cells.
Note: Be careful not to introduce any bubbles.
13. Transfer the dissociated cells into a 15 mL conical tube.
14. Centrifuge the tube at 250 x g for 5 minutes to pellet the cells.
15. Carefully aspirate off as much of the supernatant as possible.
16. Add 2 mL of OriCellTM Mouse ESC Growth Medium to the conical tube and resuspend the cells thoroughly but gently.
17. Plate the cells into flasks containing the MEF. Split ratios for OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6
Mouse ESCs/GFP can vary from 1:6 to 1:10. Do not exceed 1:10.
18. Add sufficient medium.
19. Incubate the cells at 37°C in a 5% CO2 humidified incubator until it is time to split
again. We typically split OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP every other day.
Note:
1. OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP should be plated at a density that
provides an even distribution of colonies over the surface, but does not result in
contact between the colonies. Differentiation can occur if the colonies are plated too
densely or too sparsely.
2. OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP should not be over-subcultured, minimize
the number of passages and the length of time the cells are kept in culture. This will
ensure enhanced and reproducible experimental results.
Hints
Time to Split Strain OriCellTM C57BL/6 Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells With GFP
Passage the cells before the colonies become too large and dense. When plated at the
optimum density, OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP should be passaged every
48 hours.
DIFFERENTIATION OF OriCellTM STRAIN C57BL/6 Mouse
EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS WITH GFP (ESCs/GFP)
OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP are capable of forming embryoid bodies in
vitro and teratomas in nude mice.
Materials Required:
OriCellTM Embryoid Body (EB) Formation Medium (Cat. No. MUXES-90051)
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The formation of embryoid body (EB) is the principal step in the differentiation of ES
cells. When maintained in the EB formation medium and in the absence of MEF feeder
layers, ES cells differentiate spontaneously, and then form three-dimensional
aggregates. This structure facilitates multicellular interactions, in which cell-cell contact
exists and gap juncitons may be established.
Protocol:
1. Dissociate OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP by incubating the cells with
trypsin solution at 37°C for 1-2 min.
2. Add an appropriate volume of Cyagen OriCellTM EB Formation Medium (e.g. 3 mL for
each well of six-well plate) to stop reaction and gently pipette up and down until
cells in colonies become single cells.
3. Transfer cell suspension into a 15 ml conical tube and centrifuge at 250 X g for 5
minutes to pellet the cells.
4. Carefully aspirate as much of the supernatant as possible.
5. Add appropriate amount of Cyagen OriCellTM EB Formation Medium to the conical
tube and gently resuspend the cells. Plate cell suspension in 100 mm adherent
dishes.
6. Incubate the adherent dishes in a 37°C incubator for 30-40 minutes to separate
Mouse Embryonic Fibroblasts from OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP.
7. Carefully collect the suspending OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse ESCs/GFP and
adjust the cell concentration to 5 x 105 cells/mL with OriCellTM EB Formation
Medium.
8. Plate 10mL cell suspension in one 100 mm non-adherent petri dish.
9. Incubate the cells at 37°C in a 5% CO2 humidified incubator for 5 days to form EB,
and change the medium every other day.
10. Plate EB into adherent surface of gelatin coated tissue culture vessels in Cyagen
OriCellTM EB Formation Medium.
11. Incubate the EB at 37°C in a 5% CO2 humidified incubator for about 14 days.
Change media every other day.
12. Stain the differentiated cells with antibodies against endodermal, mesodermal and
ectodermal markers at day 14 after EB differentiation.
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TM
CRYOPRESERVATION OF OriCell STRAIN C57BL/6 Mouse
EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS WITH GFP (ESCs/GFP) USING OriCellTM
NCR PROTEIN-FREE CRYOPRESERVATION MEDIA
OriCellTM NCR Protein-Free Cryopreservation Medium (Cat. No. NCPF-10001) is a
protein-free, ready-to-use freezing medium. Its chemically-defined and protein-free
formulation has been optimized to stem cells and primary cells, thus greatly enhancing
the viability and integrity of these cells by protecting them from damage during the
one-step freeze-thaw procedure. Unlike other conventional freezing media, which
require a slow programmed freeze, this product allows the cells to be directly frozen at
-80°C.
Cryopreservation
Note: Change the culture medium with fresh growth medium 24 hours before freezing.
1. Collect cells that are in the logarithmic growth phase. Perform a cell count to
determine the viable cell density.
2. Centrifuge the cells for 3-5 minutes at 250 x g and 20°C. Remove and discard the
supernatant using a pipette.
3. Resuspend the cell pellet in the OriCellTM NCR Protein-Free Cryopreservation Medium
at a cell density of 105-106 cells/mL.
4. Dispense aliquots of the cell suspension into cryogenic storage vials that are
properly labeled.
5. Place the vials directly in a -80°C freezer. After 24 hours, transfer the frozen vials
to liquid nitrogen for long-term preservation.
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APPENDIX
Troubleshooting
The table below lists some potential problems and solutions for culturing OriCellTM Strain
C57BL/6 Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells With GFP.
Problem
Low cell recovery
rate
Slow cell growth
Cause
Solution
The storage condition does
not meet the requirements
Purchase a replacement and store in liquid
nitrogen for long-term preservation.
Thawing the cells takes too
long time
Thaw cells for no more than 3 minutes.
Cells are incompletely
recovered after thawing
After aspirating off medium, wash the tube
with culture medium twice and transfer all of
the cells to the dish.
Cells are handled roughly
Care should be taken to avoid introducing
bubbles during pipetting. Also avoid vortexing
and high-speed centrifugation
Medium is not pre-warmed
Warm medium to 37°C before recovery.
Mycoplasma contamination.
Discard the cells in question and disinfect the
laboratory environment before recovering the
next batch of cells.
Over digestion
Wash the cells with PBS 2-3 times to remove
serum prior to trypsinization (serum will inhibit
the function of trypsin).
Control the digestion time.
Cell aging
IMPI0067A3 MUBES-01101
Plating density is too low
Increase the plating density.
MEFs have been cultured for
too long
MEFs should be used up in 5-7days after
recovery
Inappropriate serum and
medium
Use Cyagen tailor-made culture media. If other
serum and media products are used, please
perform validation to ensure compatibility.
Dead cells are not removed
promptly
Change the medium the next day after recovery
to ensure removal of all dead cells.
Cell Contamination
Discard the cells in question, and disinfect the
experimental environment before recovering.
Plating density is too low
Some stem cells can secrete factors to support
cell growth. Therefore, a certain degree of
plating density must be maintained; otherwise
it will lead to cell proliferation slow down, and
finally cell aging.
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Over digestion
Cell aging
The passaging time is not
appropriate
Cells show
spontaneous
differentiation
Ineffective
induction of Cell
differentiation
DMSO is not completely
removed during cell recovery
Plating density is too high
which may result in the fusion
of clones
Wash the cells with PBS 2-3 times to remove
serum prior to trypsinization (serum will inhibit
the function of trypsin).
Control the digestion time.
The cells should be subcultured when reaching
80 to 90% confluence. Or there will be contact
inhibition.
Wash the cells with pre-warmed medium 2-3
times during recovery.
Subculture the ESCs/GFP when ESCs/GFP
aggregates are small.
ESCs/GFP clone is too large
Lower plating density.
MEFs have been cultured for
too long
Differentiation reagents need
to be optimized
MEFs should be used up in 5-7days after
recovery.
Use Cyagen tailor-made differentiation
medium.
Cell passage is too high
Use cells at a low passage number.
Related products
Product
Catalog Number
Gelatin Solution
GLT-11301
OriCellTM Mouse Embryonic Fibroblasts
MUIEF-01002
OriCellTM Mouse Embryonic Fibroblast Growth
Medium
MUXEF-90011
OriCellTM Strain C57BL/6 Mouse Embryonic Stem
Cells With GFP
MUAES-01101
OriCellTM Mouse Embryonic Stem Cell Growth
Medium
MUXES-90011
Phosphate-Buffered Saline (1×PBS)
PBS-10001
Trypsin-EDTA
TEDTA-10001
OriCellTM Embryoid Body (EB) Formation Medium
MUXES-90051
OriCellTM NCR Protein-Free Cryopreservation Medium
NCPF-10001
References
G R Martin.(1981) Isolation of a pluripotent cell line from early mouse embryos cultured
in medium conditioned by teratocarcinoma stem cells. PNAS 78:7634-7638.
IMPI0067A3 MUBES-01101
Page 13 of 14
T M Magin, J McWhir, and D W Melton. (1992) A new mouse embryonic stem cell line
with good germ line contribution and gene targeting frequency. Nucleic Acids Research
20(14):3795-3796.
J A Thomson, J Kalishman, and T G Golos.(1995) Isolation of a primate embryonic stem
cell line. PNAS 92: 7844-7848.
Cyagen Biosciences reserves all rights on the technical documents of its OriCell TM
cell culture products. No part of this document may be reproduced or adapted for
other purposes without written permission from Cyagen Biosciences.
大日本住友製薬グループ
〒564-0063 大阪府吹田市江坂町2丁目1番43号
KYUHO江坂ビル8階
(在庫・納期・発送等) TEL:06-6990-8051 FAX:06-6325-6058
(テクニカルサポート) TEL:072-636-8160 FAX:072-634-7222
http://www.dspbio.co.jp/ dspb-ls@bio.ds-pharma.co.jp
IMPI0067A3 MUBES-01101
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