### SmartSpice Training Program

```SmartSpice Training Program
Part 3: SmartSpice Convergence Tips
Basics to Convergence
 SmartSpice starts with Operating Point Calculations during
 DC Operating Point & DC Sweep Analyses
 Transient Analysis without UIC
 SmartSpice constructs system equations and solves them using NewtonRaphson method
SmartSpice Training – Part 3: SmartSpice Convergence Tips
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Auto Convergence Algorithm Process – 5 Levels
Start
Standard Newton Iterations
EXIT
Yes
CONV=0; iteration up to ITL1
limit
(default 100)
Converged?
CONV=1, or 3: ramps DCGMIN
with multiplying the factor by 0.1
from DCGMIN*10DCGMSTEPS to
DCGMIN iteration up to 4/3*ITL2
limit at basic steps and up to ITL2
No
DCGMIN stepping
EXIT
Yes
Converged?
CONV=2
Ramps Jacobi Matrix diagonal
increment
DiagGMIN with multiplying the factor
by 0.1 from GMIN*10GMINSTEPS to
GMIN
No
DiagGMIN stepping
Yes
Converged?
EXIT
No
Source stepping
CONV=4
the factor of Vsource/SRCSTEPS
from 0 to Vsource
Yes
EXIT
Converged?
No
SmartSpice Training – Part 3: SmartSpice Convergence Tips
Non-convergence diagnostic report
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DC/OP Analysis Convergence Aids
 DCGMIN conductance (1e-12) is placed in all PN junction active devices
 Auto convergence algorithm process –Five levels to achieve good
convergence
 Convergence Options
 ACCEPT
 CONV
 DCGMIN
 DCPATH=
 EXPERT=777 (779 & 11)
 GMIN=
 ITL1=
 Model/Solver-related Option
 PIVTOL=
 Initial Condition
 .NODESET, .IC
SmartSpice Training – Part 3: SmartSpice Convergence Tips
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Transient Analysis Options
 Convergence & Options
 CNODE=1e-8
 DCPATH=1
 GMIN=
 GNODE=
 NEWTOL
 Time-step too small
 OPTIONSET=3
 OPTIONSET=4
SmartSpice Training – Part 3: SmartSpice Convergence Tips
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Aids in Overcoming Non-Convergence
 Remove all options except EXPERT=777, LIST, ACCT
 Allow SmartSpice auto-convergence to proceed
 Check the diagnostics detail provided by SmartSpice
 Make corrections (circuit topology, node check, unit setting, so on…)
 Run the simulation
 Use Control Options
 During transient analysis, you can try “ TRANOP ” or “UIC”
 Re-run the simulation
SmartSpice Training – Part 3: SmartSpice Convergence Tips
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Notes and Restrictions for Using Control Options
Ex: “stopcont” options is not available under batch mode
Ex:“probe” options only be valid with “post”
Ex: Convergence and accuracy options depends on analyses type
Ex: Negative Conductance -- Model related
 .Options GMINDC=value GMIN=value
If the <value> > -1e-8, consult your model provider
 Please refer for more detail to SmartSpice User’s manual
 To achieve “ Higher Accuracy” and overcome the “Non-Convergence”
issue, it is highly recommend to run SmartSpice before using any options
SmartSpice Training – Part 3: SmartSpice Convergence Tips
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```