Manual - Jøtul stoves and fireplaces

Jøtul GF 400 CF
Conventional Flue Gas Stove
Installation and
Operation Instructions
WARNING: If the information in
these instructions is not followed
exactly, a fire or explosion may
result causing property damage,
personal injury or death.
– Do not store or use gasoline or
other flammable vapors and
liquids in the vicinity of this or any
other appliance.
– WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not touch any electrical switch; do not use any phone in your building.
• Immediately call your gas sup
plier from a neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas supplier’s
instruction.
• If you cannot reach your gas
supplier, call the fire department.
– Installation and service must be
performed by a qualified installer,
service agency or the gas supplier.
Jøtul GF 400 CF
INSTALLATION SIGNATURE FORM
With proper usage and maintenance, this appliance will
serve its owner adequately for many years. Please contact
your Jøtul dealer for assistance if any problems should
arise with your Jøtul appliance. Save this user manual and
make sure it is available for service personnel.
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Service details:
Model Name: Jøtul GF 400 CF
Serial No.:
Purchase Date:
Name of Installer:
Service details:
Fuel Type:
Was the appliance converted?
Notes:
Service details:
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THIS OWNER’S MANUAL PROVIDES
INFORMATION TO ENSURE SAFE INSTALLATION
AND EFFICIENT, DEPENDABLE OPERATION
OF YOUR STOVE. PLEASE READ THESE
INSTRUCTIONS IN THEIR ENTIRETY AND MAKE
THEM AVAILABLE TO ANYONE USING OR
SERVICING THIS GAS STOVE.
Table of Contents
1. Technical Information........................... 4
2. General Information..............................5
3. Safety Information..................................5
4. Installer Information............................. 6
5. User Information................................... 12
6. Troubleshooting.....................................14
Jøtul GF 400 CF
Technical Information
Material: Cast iron/steel
Flue outlet:
Top or Rear
Finish: Vent system: Weight: PIN: CL
CL
114 mm
330 mm
Enamel or Matte Black paint
BV-standard system
Approx. 86 kg (product)
673 mm
0063BS5908
Figure 1. Top View dimensions.
Product dimensions: See figs. 1, 2, 3.
Countries of Destination
Appliance Category
Gas Types
GB, IE
II2H3P
NG
(G20)1
LPG (G31)2
State of Adjustment
I2H
I3P
Supply Pressure (mbar)
20 37
Nominal Heat Input (Nett, kW)
8.7
9.3
Maximum Gas Consumption at
Full Rate: (m3/h at 15°C 1013.25mbar)
0.920
0.380
Maximum Gas Consumption at
Full Rate: (kg/h at 15°C 1013.25mbar)
-
0.528
711 mm
679 mm
609 mm
With Short Legs, reduce height by 2 1/4” ( 51 mm)
Figure 2. Top Exit Flue Collar.
Burner Pressure at Full Rate –
Hot (mbar):
9.20
Efficiency:
Rear Flue (Nett, %)
Top Flue (Nett, %)
79.1
77.9
79.0
78.2
Efficiency Class
2
2
NOx Class
4
5
Main Burner Injector Marking
33 51
Pilot Injector Marking
51
30
25.6
CL
Rear Exit
597 mm
Notes:
The appliance is supplied at the default factory
settings for Natural Gas (G20 at 20 mbar)
The appliance will have this setting following
conversion to LPG (G31 at 37 mbar)
171 mm
330 mm
Figure 3. Rear Exit Flue Collar.
336 mm
General Information

This product has been approved to the European
Standard EN 613:2000 and is in accordance with EC
Gas Appliances Directive (90/396/EEC).

The Flue must be checked for soundness and swept
prior to installation it should only be used if clean and
in good order.

Before installation, ensure that the local distribution
conditions and the adjustment of the appliance are
compatible.

This appliance incorporates a spillage monitoring
device (TTB) this device will shutdown the appliance
in the event of interruption to the evacuation of combustion products. I.e. Flue Blockage.

If the appliance spillage monitoring device (TTB)
should operate and close down the appliance, a minimum period of 3 minutes should be observed before
following the lighting instructions detailed in the
USER section of this manual.

If the appliance spillage monitoring device (TTB)
shuts down the appliance repeatedly the appliance
should not be used and a qualified service engineer
should be called for service.

This product, the Jøtul GF 400 CF, may only be used
with Natural Gas G20 or be converted for the use of
Propane G31.

Assembly, installation and maintenance must be
performed by a qualified person in accordance with
the instructions for assembly, Installation and use
enclosed with the product. The installation may only
be operated after it has been inspected by a qualified person and a certificate of completion has been
issued.

The Installation should be carried out in accordance
with the Building Regulations which include the following standards for installation and maintenance
of flues, ventilation and installation of Gas Fires. For
UK BS5440:1, BS5440:2, BS5871 for Republic of Ireland
IS813, ICP3, IS327

The appliance is designed as a freestanding unit and
no additional fixing methods need apply.

This appliance is intended for use on a gas installation
with a governed gas supply.
Safety Precautions

This appliance must be installed in accordance with the
rules in force. Consult instructions before installation
and use of this appliance.

The appliance is designed as a heating device and all
components will become hot (excluding control knob,
control cover and control switch) care should be taken
not to touch unit when it is in operation.

Warning! If you detect an odour of gas:
• Do not light the Stove or any other appliance.
• Do not use electrical switches or the telephone.
• Contact your gas supplier’s emergency number.

The appliance must only be installed and repaired by
qualified personnel. Always turn off the gas supply
before service.

The appliance must be inspected following installation
and at least once a year by qualified personnel.

The appliance must only use gas of the correct type and
pressure See technical data for more details.

If Propane G31 is to be used, the appliance must be
converted using the conversion instructions and kit
supplied by Jøtul .This is only to be installed by qualified
personnel.

It is permitted to install the appliance against a wall
made of combustible material with the clearances
specified in figs. 5-6.

The minimum clearance to combustible material in
front of the appliance is 600 mm.

Curtains may not be placed within 600 mm above the
appliance.

Never store combustible gas or liquid in the same room
with the appliance.

Never light the appliance without the front glass in
place or if the glass is cracked. Replacement of the glass
should be done by a licensed or qualified service person.
Only remove glass for routine service. Always handle
glass carefully.

Do not burn solid fuel in the appliance.

Do not place combustible material on or near the appliance, as the appliance becomes hot.

This appliance becomes hot in use so it advisable to
keep young children, the aged or infirm and animals at
a safe distance using a fire guard conforming to BS6539
or BS6778 to provide extra protection.
Installer Information
The Flue must be checked for soundness and swept prior
to installation it should only be used if clean and in good
order.
356 mm
Before installation, check that the local distribution
conditions, nature of the gas and pressure, and the adjustment of the appliance are compatible.
Assembly, installation, maintenance and gas conversion (if required) must be performed by a qualified person
in accordance with the instructions for assembly, Installation and use enclosed with the product. The installation
may only be operated after it has been inspected by a
qualified person and a certificate of completion has been
issued.
The Installation should be carried out in accordance
with the Building Regulations which include the following standards for installation and maintenance of flues,
ventilation and installation of Gas Fires. For UK BS5440:1,
BS5440:2, BS5871 for Republic of Ireland IS813, ICP3, IS327
The appliance is designed as a heating device and
all components will become hot (excluding control knob,
control cover and control switch) care should be taken not
to touch unit when it is in operation.
This appliance incorporates a spillage monitoring
device (TTB) this device will shutdown the appliance in
the event of interruption to the evacuation of combustion
products. I.e. Flue Blockage.
686 mm
Figure 4. Minimum Hearth Protection.
Firewall Requirements
The appliance may be placed directly against a wall made
of combustible material with the clearances specified in
fig. 5. Make sure there is adequate space for the vent system behind the appliance and for the full height/length
of the pipe.
Position of Appliance
Minimum clearances are as follows:
Clearance from wall to rear of appliance, (see figs. 5).
Clearance from wall to side of appliance (see fig.5).
Minimum clearance from top of appliance to register
plate, (see fig. 6).
Minimum clearance from top of appliance to combustible
shelf, (see fig. 7).
Warning:
The TTB shall not be adjusted by the installer.
The TTB shall not be put out of operation by
the installer.
100 mm
To Rear
Combustible or
Noncomubustible
Wall
When the TTB is exchanged; only original
manufacturer’s parts shall be used.
Installation Guide for Qualified
Personnel
Important: The appliance is factory pre-set for Natural
Gas G20. If Propane G31 is to be used, the appliance
must be converted with a conversion kit. The instructions are enclosed with the conversion kit. The kit is
only to be installed by qualified personnel.
Fixing
100 mm
100 mm
Figure 5. Parallel Installation Clearances.
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The GF 400 CF is designed as a freestanding appliance
and as such does not require additional fixing.
Requirements for Floor Plate
The appliance may stand on a wooden floor. A floor
plate of non-combustible material is required if the
appliance is to be placed on carpet, vinyl, linoleum or
other combustible material. Minimum dimensions of
the floor plate: 686 x 356 mm as in fig. 4.
Figure 6. Clearance for glass panel removal.
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600 mm
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Figure 7. Clearance to a combustible shelf.
Figure 8. Vent height requirements.
Flue System Installation
Closure Plate Installation
Flue outlet (spigot) dimensions:
Internally = 128 mm
Externally = approx. 131 mm
When installing the vent, it is important to adhere to
national and local regulations that apply. Only one appliance may be connected to the vent system.
The vent system must terminate above the roof.
The vent system and the flue pipe components must
be fastened to the stove with screws.
Minimum height of the chimney is approx. 2,15 m (7’)
and maximum height should not be more than approx.
10,7 m (35’). (When installation is at or above a height of
approx. 610 m (2000’), the chimney’s height must be at
least approx. 3,7 m (12’.) measured from the flue outlet. If
the chimney has to move through a horizontal distance,
make sure to use 45º or 90 º bends.
It is permissible to install this appliance using a closure
plate installation similar to traditional outset gas fires.
See diagrams (1 E-F) on page 28. The British Standards detailing this type of installation are BS5871 pt1 and BS5440
pt 1. The appliance and flue must be sound and if used
with solid fuel or oil appliances it must be swept prior to
installation. There must be no other openings other than
the exit from the top of the flue and the opening into
which the appliance is being installed. All cracks, holes,
underfloor air vents etc must be removed and sealed fully
before installation continues. A proprietary metal flue box
complying with BS715 is a suitable appliance opening.
Max. number of 45º bends = 4
Max. number of 90º bends = 3
It is permitted to move the chimney a total of approx.
1,2 m (4’) horizontally.
An exhaust hood (terminal, cowl or rain cap) must be
mounted at the chimney’s termination point . After fitting of the vent system and installation of the appliance,
carry out a smoke test on the flue as described in the
relevant section. If the appliance shuts off in operation
for no apparent reason (especially during windy or stormy
conditions) and will not relight, it is possible that the flue
system safety switch has operated. Allow the appliance
to cool down and relight. Any obstruction to the flow of
exhaust gases up the flue can cause this switch to operate
thereby making the situation safe. If the appliance cuts
out repeatedly, do not continue to use the appliance and
seek flue checking and service from qualified personnel
before re-using the appliance.
Closure Plate
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Figure 9. Closure plate and flue requirements.
All brick flues or any flue previously used with
solid fuel or gas appliances must be left with the
appropriate debris collection volume below the flue
spigot of the stove of 12 litres minimum, and depth of
250 mm minimum below the spigot as shown in fig. 9.
Block, clay, cement or steel lined (connected to the top
of the appliance opening) flues either new or previously used with GAS appliances may have the smaller
debris collection volume of 2 litres minimum and
depth of 75 mm minimum below the flue spigot.
Make sure that there will be at least 50 mm clearance between the end of the spigot and knee of the
fireback for flue gases. Also make sure that the spigot
will pass through the closure plate by a minimum of
15 mm. It can be extended by up to 150 mm (6”) to
ensure this requirement is met using a purpose-made
extension or suitable piece of flue pipe. Cut a closure
plate from sheet aluminum or steel to just cover the
appliance opening to be used. It is also possible to use
other fireproof materials providing they are properly
supported and sealed and can be removed annually
for inspection and clearing of the flue. Cut a spigot
hole as shown in the fig. 9. Fix the closure plate to the
wall or appliance and seal it correctly to the wall. The
plate must be sealed correctly to the wall using adhesive sealant, screws and/or tape able to withstand at
least 3 degrees C. The appliance will not work correctly
and may cut out repeatedly if the sealing of the appliance and flue is not correct.
Remember, if the closure plate extends beyond
the sides or top of the stove, a non-combustible
decorative panel can be fitted to cover the area. The
closure plate can then be fitted to this. Marble in-fill
panels are a common example. Install the appliance
and connect to the gas supply and carry out a smoke
test on the flue as described in the relevant section of
this manual.
Ventilation
For UK installation, please comply with BS 5440-2 which
states that for every 1 kW above 7 kW gas input, there
must be 5 cm2 of additional purpose provided ventilation.
Minimum Clearances from Combustible
Material to the Vent System
All pipe components must be installed according to approval and the instructions of the manufacturer. Adhere
to the instructions of the manufacturer as regards clearance from to the vent system to combustible material.
When moving the chimney the clearance from
combustible material to the upper side of horizontal
pipe must be minimum 100 mm. The clearance from the
bottom of the vent pipe to combustible material must be
minimum 75 mm.
Assembly Prior To Installation
The product is delivered in 1 package. In the firebox you
will find the propane fuel conversion kit, four decorative pipe brackets, and a log set that includes a bag of
textured embers.
1. Remove the Top Plate of the stove by simply lifting it
straight off of the stove body.
2. To open the firebox, disengage the two Glass Frame
Latches located on top of the firebox. Pull each handle
forward to clear the latch from the notch in the frame.
See fig. 10.
3. Remove the parts wrapped in packaging. Use gloves
to handle the ceramic logs, as they can cause skin irritation.
4. Familiarize yourself with the installation requirements specified in this manual, before beginning the
installation. If the product is going to be used with
Propane G31 rather than G20 natural gas, it should be
converted now. See the instructions supplied with the
conversion kit.
Glass Frame
Latch
For example: if the input is 8.7 kW (see stove data
badge) this requires 1.7 kW x 5 cm2 = 8.5 cm2 of permanent ventilation.
For other countries, please consult local regulations
and standards.
Figure 10. Pull spring latch to disengage from glass frame.
Logset Installation
Brick Kit Note: Install the optional Antique Brick Kit 155375
before installing the log set. See instructions supplied
with that kit. The GF 400 CF log set must be installed
before operating the burner. The log set includes four
log pieces, packaged inside the firebox, and a quantity of
ceramic embers.
To install the log set, remove the packaging and place
the parts inside the firebox as illustrated in the diagrams
below. Do not handle the log set with your bare hands.
Always wear gloves to prevent skin irritation from the
ceramic fibres.
THE CERAMIC FIBRE LOGS AND EMBERS CAN IRRITATE
YOUR SKIN. GENTLY WASH YOUR HANDS WITH WARM
SOAPY WATER AFTER HANDLING THE LOGS OR EMBERS.
Figure 13. Install Left Log.
The embers realistically simulate glowing coals when the
burner is operating. These should be spread evenly over
the burner plate and around the logs.
1. Engage the holes in the underside 0f the Right Log
with the peg in the burner skirt as in fig. 11.
2. Locate the Rear Log to overlap the Right Log and engage with the pegs as in fig. 12.
3. Place the Left Log on the peg as in fig. 13.
4. Install Middle Log on the peg as in fig. 14.
5. Install the Cross-over Log on pegs as in fig. 15.
Figure 14. Install Middle Log.
6. Position embers loosely and maintain 6mm clearance
from the burner skirt edges. DO NOT OBSTRUCT THE
PILOT ASSEMBLY OPENING and do not pile the embers
in front of the burner skirt edges. See fig. 16.
7. Lower the glass frame with the glass back into place
and engage the latches.
Figure 15. Install Cross-over Log.
Figure 11. Install Rear Log.
DO NOT OBSTRUCT
PILOT AREA
Figure 12. Install Rear Log.
Figure 16. Install Ember Stones.
Gas Installation
Gas installation must only be performed by qualified
personnel. It is important to adhere to national and local
regulations that apply. In the UK these include BS5440 Pt
1&2 and BS5871 in Ireland.
The LPG gas container must be stored/installed according to national regulations. The gas container must
have a pressure regulator that reduces the pressure to the
required level. See technical data on page 4 for gas type
and pressures before connecting to the appliance. The
appliance must not be exposed to pressure above 55 mbar
(5,5 kPa) during pressure testing.
Gas tubes must be made of steel (DIN 2448/1629, DIN
2458/1626, DIN 2440, DIN 2441) or copper (DIN 2110).
For practical reasons, the vent system should be
installed before the appliance is connected to the gas
supply.
The stove is supplied with a 3/8” to 8 mm compression union. The gas valve has a 3/8” NPT threaded connection. All tube connections must be approved and the gas
pipeline must have an approved shutoff valve. Only use
approved sealing agent (tape) at all the pipe connections.
When the pipe sections have been assembled and connected to the appliance, open the gas supply and light the
appliance (see lighting instructions). Perform a tightness
test on all the pipe connections.
Testing Gas Pressure
Correct gas pressure is important for the safe use of gas in
the appliance. It is important that the correct gas pressure
is set during the installation of the appliance.
The gas valve is equipped with outlets for the testing
of gas pressure. The outlets are located at the front of
the valve below the ON/OFF/Pilot knob. The outlets are
marked as shown in fig.17.
Outlet D: For gas pressure to the valve (volume of gas to
the valve) See technical data.
Outlet E: For gas pressure from the valve (volume of gas
coming out of the valve to the burner).
C: Regulator - Always test the gas pressure with the valve
regulator knob on High (Hi).
Loosen the screw in the outlet and attach the tube
from the manometer to the outlet. Remember to
tighten the screw when the testing is completed and
test for leaks at the outlets with test fluid.
Required gas pressure from the vent (Outlet E) is displayed
in the table below.
GAS TYPE
MAX. / High Setting
Natural gas
9.20 mbar
Propane
25.6 mbar
C
Commissioning
Testing the Flue System
Once the appliance is fitted, gas leak and pressure tested,
and the flue system complete, the flue must be checked
for correct operation. This is best achieved after 10 minutes of burning by holding a smoke match just inside the
down-draught diverter hood on the rear of the appliance, accessible through a cutout in the rear heat shield.
The smoke should be drawn into the flue and no smoke
should spill into the room. If the smoke does issue into the
room, leave for another 5 minutes and retest.
The appliance is fitted with a TTB (flue sensing safety
switch). If the fire does cut out automatically during flue
testing, or if smoke persists to come into the room when
tested, a problem is indicated within the flue system
which must be thoroughly measured, checked and rectified before allowing use of the appliance.
D
Figure 17. Valve pressure tap locations.
Regulating the Pilot Flame
The pilot flame should have three flames as shown in fig.
18. The two thermo-element sticks should be surrounded
by two of the flames as shown in figs. 19. The flames
should be stable and the colour mainly blue. If you detect
a deviation from this,
turn off the pilot
flame and call for
service.
Figure 18.
Proper pilot flame
/ carry-over port
alignment.
10
E
Figure 19.
The thermocouple and
thermopile
should be fully
engulfed by the
pilot flames.
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See Air Shutter detail below.
Adjusting the Burner
Burner adjustments must only be performed by qualified
personnel. To adjust the air supply, loosen the right wingnut located under the stove next to the fuel line. See fig.
20. Adjust the air opening by pulling the air shutter to the
correct air inlet opening. See fig. 21.
For Natural Gas: 21.5 mm (this dimension is preset at the
factory).
For Propane: 18.5 mm (must be set by installer).
CAUTION!
To avoid burns, do not adjust the air shutter until the
burner has cooled down.
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Orifice Holder
Air Shutter
G20 = 21.5 mm
G31 = 18.5 mm
Figure 21.
Air Shutter settings.
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Air Shutter Stem
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Figure 20. Loosen wingnut under the firebox to adjust air
shutter.
Reset
Button
Safety Switch
This appliance is equipped with a safety switch, located
on the draft hood at the back of the stove. See fig. 22.
This switch shuts off the gas supply to the appliance if
a blockage occurs in the vent system. Should this happen, determine the cause of the vent restriction. Look for
obstructions in the vent system, such as bird’s nests, or
branches from bushes and trees. Once the blockage has
been eliminated, press the reset button on the switch and
the burner should re-light.
If the burner does not re-light, or if it shuts down repeatedly, call your service technician.
Figure 22. Safety switch location.
11
User Information
General
Assembly, installation, maintenance and gas conversion
(if required) must be performed by a qualified person in
accordance with the instructions for assembly, Installation and use enclosed with the product. The installation
may only be operated after it has been inspected by a
qualified person and a certificate of completion has been
issued.
The Installation should be carried out in accordance
with the Building Regulations which include the following standards for installation and maintenance of flues,
ventilation and installation of Gas Fires. For UK BS5440:1,
BS5440:2, BS5871 for Republic of Ireland IS813, ICP3, IS327
This appliance incorporates a spillage monitoring
device (TTB) this device will shutdown the appliance in
the event of interruption to the evacuation of combustion
products. I.e. Flue blockage.
If the appliance spillage monitoring device (TTB)
shuts down the appliance repeatedly the appliance
should not be used and a qualified service engineer
should be called for service.
The ceramic fuel effect should only be arranged by
qualified service engineer and under no circumstances
should extra elements be added to the fuel effect. I.e.
Extra logs or Coals
The appliance should be serviced annually by a qualified service engineer and should include attention to the
appliance, installation pipe work and the inspection and
cleaning if required of the flue system.
The minimum clearance to combustible material in
front of the appliance is 600 mm.
Curtains may not be placed within 600 mm above
the appliance.
A combustible shelf may not be placed over the appliance if it is within 520mm
This appliance becomes hot in use so it advisable to
keep young children, the aged or infirm and animals at a
safe distance using a fireguard conforming to BS6539 or
BS6778 to provide extra protection.
Operating Instructions
Lighting
Note! Odors when using the stove:
When used for the first time, the appliance may emit
an irritating gas that may smell a little. The gas is not
toxic, but the room should be thoroughly aired out. During
first time use, it may take a little while before the gas tube
is cleared of air, but subsequently the appliance should
function as described in the lighting instruction. The appliance operates with the aid of a pilot flame, which is lit
manually according to the lighting instruction.
Prior to lighting:
Check the area around the appliance for possible gas
leaks/odors. Especially check near the floor, since propane
is heavier than air and would gather close to the floor in
the event of a leakage. (Note: Natural gas is lighter than
air and will gather under the ceiling). If you detect an odor
of gas, see warning under: Safety precautions.
Only use your hands to operate the control knobs;
do not use tools. If you are unable to turn or push in the
control knob, do not use force. Call for service.
Do not use the appliance if any part of it has been
submerged in water. Call for service to replace the parts
that have been in water.
Lighting Instructions
Lighting the Pilot Flame
The valve control knobs are located on the front of the appliance behind the control cover plate. See fig. 23.
The Burner ON/OFF switch is located on the rear on the
left towards the top of the appliance. See fig. 24. This
switch has three settings ON/OFF/STAT the STAT position
is for use of a remote control thermostat, not available at
present, and this setting should not be used.
1. Place the ON/OFF switch to “OFF” position. Make sure
the gas valve on the pipeline to the appliance is open.
2. Push in the gas control knob on the front of the valve (“B”,
fig. 23), and turn clockwise to the OFF position, .
Note: It is impossible to turn the gas control knob unless it is pushed in a little. Do not use force.
3. Push in the gas control knob (B) a little and turn counter-clockwise to the ignition position,
12
.
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Figure 23. Valve Controls.
Figure 24. Burner Switch location.
4. Push in the gas control knob (B) as far as possible and
hold it in. Simultaneously, push in the ignition knob (A)
until the spark ignites the pilot flame located to the
right rear corner of the burner.
Adjusting the Heat Setting
If the pilot flame goes out, repeat Steps 1-5.
Turning Off the Appliance
*NOTE: If the gas control knob does not pop out when
released, call for service.
Push the ON/OFF switch at the rear of the appliance to
”OFF”. The pilot flame will continue to burn. In order to
fully extinguish the appliance, push in the gas control
knob (B) (fig. 23) a little and turn clockwise to OFF, .
Do not use force.
5. Continue to hold in the gas control knob for approx. 20
seconds after the pilot flame has been lit. Then let go
of the knob. It should pop back out and the pilot flame
should remain lit.
If the pilot light goes out intentionally or unintentionally, it should not be relit within 3 minutes.
**NOTE: If the pilot flame does not remain lit after several
attempts, turn the gas control knob to OFF and call for
service.
Lighting the Main Burner
1. Turn the gas control knob clockwise to the ON position,
designated by the flame icon, . .
2. Push the ON/OFF switch at the rear of the appliance to
“ON”.
NOTE: When the appliance is used for the first time,
condensation may form in the firebox. Some smoke may
also appear from the appliance during the initial hours,
due to the burning off of paint and lubrication used in
the production process. See section Odors when using the
stove for the first time.
Heat and flame size can be adjusted by turning the regulator knob (C) marked “HI, LOW”, which is located next to
the gas control knob (see fig. 23). Maximum flame size
provides maximum heat. Make sure the appliance has
been operating for at least 30 minutes before adjusting
the flame.
Maintenance
The complete installation, which includes the gas supply, the actual appliance and the vent system, must be
inspected annually. The inspection must be carried out by
qualified service engineer.
External Maintenance
Painted products may change color after some years of
usage. The surface should be cleaned and brushed free of
any loose particles before new stove paint is applied
Clean enameled castings only when the surfaces is cold.
Enamel will stain easily when hot. Avoid using detergents
and household cleaners as these may stain or dull the
surface. A damp cloth will usually suffice. Extreme stains
may be eliminated with vinegar and baking soda. Rinse
thoroughly with cold water and wipe dry.
13
Troubleshooting
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When No Spark is Generated
at the Pilot Head
It is uncommon for the Piezo spark ignitor (fig 25-A) to
fail, unless it has mechanical damage. If the spark is not
conducted forward, it could be the result of a break in the
electrical circuit leading up to the pilot head. The spark
is small or weak if there is too much resistance from a
bent wire (E), or if corrosion appears at the electrode (G)
or the pilot head (H). This could result in insufficient heat
to light the gas. Inspect the pilot burner by looking for
damage to the individual parts. Check for damaged wires
or wires crushed between plate sections of the appliance
and check for loose connections.
Follow the trouble-shooting procedure below when no
spark is generated at the pilot head electrode:
1. Make sure the spark gap between electrode (G) and
pilot head (H) is smaller than or equal to 3.2 mm. If not:
check if the electrode is loose or damaged
2. Make sure the spark ignitor (A) is securely mounted
and the ground connection is in contact with the
bracket. If not: turn the spark igniter until the ground
connection is in contact with the bracket and tighten
the nut at the back of the spark igniter.
3. Make sure the insulated wire (E) is intact and without
cracks and properly connected between spark igniter
(A) and electrode (G). If not: properly fasten the insulated wire to establish a connection between the spark
igniter and the electrode. Replace the electrode if the
wire is damaged or cracked.
4. Make sure the ceramic insulation (F) is intact and without cracks If not: replace the electrode.
5. Make sure a spark is generated when you dismantle
the Piezo spark igniter and put the ground connector
against a metal piece, and the control knob (red mark)
on the spark igniter is finally pushed to the bottom (B).
If not: replace the Piezo spark ignitor.
14
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Figure 25. Pilot ignition components.
Fuel Gas
Correct gas pressure is important; see the section about
gas pressure under Gas Installation, page 10. The gas
pressure before the valve and the gas pressure from the
valve to the main burner and pilot burner, are equally
important. These parameters may be the cause of various
performance problems.
If the gas pressure is too low, it can cause low pilot
flame, insufficient production of electricity at thermopile
and thermocouple, and poor flame pattern.
If the gas pressure is too high it can cause valve damage if the pressure rises above 60 mbar. This is usually
the result of faulty installation or lack of a gas regulator
on the gas tank or cylinder. High gas pressure may also
cause an abnormally large pilot flame which can overheat
the thermopile and thermocouple, and further cause a
shutoff of the valve due to insufficient millivolt production. Problems involving high flames and soot indicate
that the air volume is too small in relation to the gas
volume. It is wrong to correct the problem by adjusting
the air regulator, if the cause is that the gas pressure is
too high. Checking the gas pressure before the valve will
uncover faults in the gas supply at the valve or from the
tank/cylinder.
If the gas pressure to the valve is correct, the fault
must be found after the valve. A measurement performed
with a manometer will help you to swiftly uncover and
eliminate sources of errors. As mentioned above, blocked
or poor gas supply may lead to faulty combustion. Make
sure all gas tubes are dirt-free, as a small dust particle
can obstruct the pilot orifice. Components must remain
free of dirt during installation of the gas supply and
connection to the appliance, and when the valve is being
replaced.
When There is No Gas Flow
To The Pilot Head
This is the trouble-shooting procedure for the gas supply:
Check if all gas connections are sealed by using strong
soapy water (avoid synthetic soaps). Be certain all valves
from the gas tank/cylinder are fully open.
When the pilot is to be lit for the first time with a
new installation, after a scheduled disconnection or after
the propane tank has been refilled, there will often be air
in the gas tube leading up to the appliance. The tube system must be cleared of air before the pilot burner can be
lit. The recommended method for clearing air out of the
tube system, is to push in the gas control knob and turn
anti-clockwise to “PILOT”. Then push in the gas control
knob for 5 seconds and push the control knob on the spark
igniter to the bottom several times. Repeat the procedure
until the pilot is lit.
If the pilot does not light after attempts to clear the
tube system of air, it indicates a problem with the gas
tank/cylinder or a leak in the gas tube. Check the gas pressure as instructed in the section Gas Installation on page
10 and determine if the fault/leak is before or after the
valve on the appliance. If the gas pressure at outlet D (fig.
23) is too low or there is no gas pressure at all, the fault or
leak must be located before the valve on the appliance. If
the gas pressure is OK at outlet (D), but too low at outlet
(E), then the fault or leak must be located after the valve.
Note! SIT valves are always equipped with a fine filter
at the inlet to avoid dirt from entering into the valve.
Consequently, dirt in the valve is not a common occurrence. If gas tubes are dismantled, all gas tubes must be
reinstalled and checked for gas leaks prior to operating
the appliance.
Thermocouple (Fig. 26) and Thermopile
(Fig. 27)
A thermocouple is in principle a thermal generator and
consists of a copper wire (copper-nickel alloy) and an iron
wire twisted together. These wires will create friction and
generate 25 millivolt when exposed to a temperature difference of 200°C. This voltage is sufficient to make the gas valve
function. In order to produce higher voltage a thermopile is
used, which is based on the same principle as the thermocouple, but with more copper and iron wires.
The thermopile produces approx. 500-700 millivolts.
This only amounts to 1/3 of the voltage in a flashlight battery.
It is important to understand that even minor resistance
(ohm) will have great impact on such a small voltage. If
resistance is too great, the gas valve may not receive enough
voltage to operate. If there is too much resistance, the cause
may be that the copper wire conducting the voltage is too
long, or there are too many connections. If the copper wire
comes in contact with metal, it may increase resistance and
consequently reduce the voltage.
When the Pilot Goes Out, But the Gas
Supply is OK.
This is the trouble-shooting procedure for the thermocouple, fig. 26, B: Check the copper wire (F) of the thermocouple for cracks or damage.
Check the gasket (C) at the valve by loosening the nut
that holds the copper wire. Look for signs of damage, if
the nut has been tightened too hard. A damaged gasket
results in resistance at contact with metal and consequently the voltage to the valve will be too small.
When the Pilot Goes Out Problems With the Gas Supply
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This is the trouble-shooting procedure for the gas supply:
Remember to push in the gas control knob for at least 30
seconds. Make sure the flame is centred at the thermocouple. Make sure the thermocouple is enveloped by the
flame up to at least 3 mm (1/8”) from the tip (fig.20).
If the flame is abnormally large or small, check the
gas pressure first. See section about gas pressure, page
10.. Then check for errors, dirt or corrosion on the pilot
burner (fig.20), the pilot orifice and the gas supply to the
pilot burner.
Note! There could be a leak after the valve even if the
pressure is OK at outlet E. You should therefore always
check for leakage.
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Figure 26. Thermocouple system check.
15
Make sure the flame is centred at the thermocouple.
Make sure the thermocouple is enveloped by the flame
up to at least 3 mm from the tip (see fig.20). Check the
voltage generated by the thermocouple. Connect the
multimeter (fig.26-E) with plus to the ball point (D) at the
end of the copper wire. Connect minus to the copper wire.
Light the pilot (A) and hold in the control knob to prevent
the flame on the pilot burner from going out. At this
point the multimeter should show 14-28 mV. the thermocouple. Note that there are 2 threaded holes (fig. 16-B) and
(C) that can be used when installing a new thermocouple.
Make sure the blue wire (A) is fastened at the same
threaded hole. The nut on the thermocouple must not be
tightened too much, just a 1/2 turn. If the gas pressure is
correct and the possible faults above have been checked,
the pilot flame can be adjusted with the adjusting screw.
The gas volume is increased when the screw is turned
anti-clockwise.
When There is No Gas Supply to the
Burner.
This is the trouble-shooting procedure for the electrical
components:
1. Make sure the control knob on the valve is set to “ON”.
Check the position on the “ON/OFF/Thermostat” switch
at the back of the appliance. It should be set to the ON
position.
2. Make sure the wire from the valve to the “ON/OFF/
STAT” switch is connected correctly.
This is the trouble-shooting procedure for the thermopile
(fig. 27):
1. Make sure the gas pressure is correct (see section
about gas pressure, page 10).
2. Make sure the pilot burner has 3 flames.
3. Make sure the flame is centred on the thermocouple.
4. Make sure the thermocouple is enveloped by the flame
up to at least 10mm (3/8”) from the tip (fig 20).
5. Check the wires to the thermopile for cracks or damage.
6. Dismantle the wires from the vent.
7. Dismantle optional equipment, such as thermostat or
remote control.
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Figure 27. Thermopile system check.
8. Check the voltage generated by the thermopile (see fig
27). Connect the multimeter with plus to one cable clip
(D). Connect minus to the other cable clip. Light the pilot and make sure the control knob remains on “PILOT”
(fig. 23-B). At this point the multimeter should show
500-700mV.
9. Reconnect the wires to the valve and make sure only
the ON/OFF/STAT switch is connected.
10.Turn the control knob on the valve to “ON” and turn the
ON/OFF/STAT switch to “ON”. At this point the multimeter should show more than 300 mV.
11. If a thermostat or remote control is to be connected, it
can be done now. At this point the multimeter should
show more than 175 mV.
Problems With the Flame Pattern
Tall, narrow, yellow flames
These flames can soot the vent system and may be the
result of insufficient oxygen supply. Check for correct air
volume by measuring the opening (fig.22) at the air shutter.
Correct opening dimensions are normally:
Burner Orifice
For Propane - Open 18.5 mm
For Natural Gas - Open 21.5 mm
Warning! To avoid burns, do not adjust the air opening until the burner has cooled down. Blocked orifice:
Make sure the main orifice (fig.28) is dirt-free and that the
orifice has the appropriate size. See technical data.
Poor draught in the vent system may be due to
improper installation or because the vent has no climb
towards the chimney.
Tall, blue flames
The cause may be too much oxygen. Check for correct air
volume by measuring the opening (fig. 20) at the air shutter. The cause may also be that the gas pressure is too
high. Check the gas pressure as described in the section
about gas pressure on page 10.
Figure 28. Remove burner assembly and burner skirt
to access the burner injector. Check orifice for debris.
17
18
Figure 29.
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ONLY USE REPLACEMENT
PARTS PROVIDED BY AN AUTHORIZED JØTUL DEALER.
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Jøtul GF 400 CF
Illustrated Parts Breakdown
Jøtul GF 400 CF Parts List
Blue Black
Ivory
Cast Iron Parts Matte Black Enamel Enamel
10.
30.
47.
55.
57.
60.
74.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35. 36. 37.
38.
39. 40.
Brown
Majolica
Enamel
Blue
Majolica
Enamel
Left Side Plate1039189210391827103918291039184710391848
Base Plate 1039639210396327103963291039634710396348
Legs, (4)101925921019661022511019254710192548
Front Plate1039619210396127103961291039614710396148
Left Door1039299210392927103929291039294710392948
Right Door1040729210407227104072291040724710407248
Top Plate1039629210396227103962291039624710396248
Cover Plate, Draft Hood............................................. 129183
Screw, #8 x 1/2” Hex..................................................... 117917 Knob, Rheostat................................................................... n/a
Rheostat, 26” Leads........................................................... n/a
Switch Box......................................................................221310
Rocker Switch...............................................................220703
Screw, #7 x 3/8” PH...................................................... 117967
Switch, Thermo-Spill.................................................. 220916
Lanyard, Rating Plate.................................................. 129159
Bolt, M6 x 20 Flng Hd Hex............................................117117
Burner Plate, SS........................................................... 220545
Gasket, burner............................................................ 220633
Plate, Burner Base........................................................103991
Venturi Tube, Burner...................................................220631
Tube Holder.................................................................. 103992
Bolt, M6 x 20 Flng Hd Hex............................................117117
Screw, 10-32 x 3/8” PH.................................................. 117911
Nut, M6 Flange . .......................................................... 117968
Valve Bracket................................................................ 220352
Gas Valve, NG 50% TD Hi-Temp............................. 222263
Ignitor Bracket...........................................................3902576
Screw, M4 x8 PH.......................................................... 117920
Ignitor.......................................................................... 3902573
Bracket, Terminal Block - 3 Pole...............................220983
Nut, M4 Hex...................................................................117922
Terminal Block, 3 Pole.................................................118028
Screw, M4 x 12............................................................... 117921
Brass Elbow, 90ˆ 3/8” NPT......................................... 129129
Burner Assembly, Complete...................................... 155336
Flex Tube, Main Gas - 10” x 5/16”..............................221769
Kit w/ fittings #33 & 34..............................................156037
Compression Nut........................................................ 129464
Compression Sleeve................................................... 129463
Jam Nut - Orifice Holder.............................................129152
Orifice Holder...............................................................129668
Burner Orifice, NG 2.87 mm..................................... 220641
Burner Orifice, LP 1.70 mm . ....................................045027
Air Shutter................................................................... 220790
Gasket, 2.25 OD............................................................ 118023
Wing Nut, M6................................................................117975
41. 42.
43.
44.
45.
48.
49.
50.
51.
54.
56.
58. 59.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
75.
76.
77.
Washer, 2.25 OD.......................................................... 220734
Screw, #8 x 3/4”............................................................ 117986
Pilot Assembly, NG . .....................................................129471
Spacer, Pilot Asy . ........................................................220546
Gasket, Pilot Asy.......................................................... 129670
Control Door................................................................ 2211892
Spacer............................................................................ 118040
Fender Washer, 1.50 dia...............................................118029
Bolt, M6 x 100 Hex........................................................117955
Hinge, Control Door.................................................... 222458
Hinge Pin . .................................................................... 125960
Bolt, M6 x 10 Flange, Hex . ...........................................9962
Door Clip...................................................................... 220603
Glass Frame .............................................................22327692
Clip, Tinnerman.......................................................... 220042
Gasket, Tadpole............................................................ 129124
Glass, Ceramic.............................................................. 220567
Firebox Assembly ................................................... 22130492
Blower Deflector.......................................................... 221307
Burner Skirt, Matte Black.......................................... 156038
Burner Skirt, Jøtul Iron .............................................. 156039
Burner Skirt Deflector.............................................22132792
Log Set ........................................................................... 155378
Hex Nut, M6.....................................................................9630
Exhaust Baffle......................................................... 22056592
Latch, Glass Frame................................................. 22009192
Rear Shroud .............................................................22130992
Draft Hood, Inner..................................................... 22135592
Draft Hood, Outer................................................... 22327592
Accessories
Antique Brick Panel Kit ...............................................155375
Fuel Conversion Kit to Propane / G31...................... 156818
Fuel Conversion Kit to Natural Gas / G20.............. 156819
Screen ..............................................................................129174
19
January 2009
138783
This appliance must be installed in conformance with local and national building regulations. Before
beginning the installation, it is important that the these instructions be carefully read and understood.
Jøtul maintains a policy of continual product development. Consequently, products may differ in specification, color or type of accessories from those illustrated or described in various publications.
Jøtul vise sans cesse a ameliorer ses produits. C’est pourquoi, il se reserve le droit de modifier les specifications, couleurs etequipement sans avis prelable.
Jøtul AS
P.O. Box 1411
N-1602 Fredrikstad
Norway
Jøtul North America, Inc.
55 Hutcherson Drive
Gorham, Maine 04084
Jøtul UK Limited
Unit 1, The IO Centre, Nash Road
Park Farm North, Redditch,
Worcestershire, UK B98 7AS
Tel :01527 501610 Fax: 01257 528181
www.jotuluk.com
20