data sheet

RayBio® Cell-Based
Human/Mouse/Rat STAT3 (Tyr705) Phosphorylation ELISA Kit
For the semi-quantitative detection of phosphorylated human, mouse, or rat STAT3 (Tyr705) and
total STAT3 in adherent whole cell lines.
User Manual
(Revised May 10, 2013)
Cat#: CBEL-STAT3-1 (1 plate kit)
Cat#: CBEL-STAT3-2 (2 plate kit)
Please read manual carefully
before starting experiment
Tel: (Toll Free) 1-888-494-8555 or +1-770-729-2992; Fax: +1-770-206-2393;
Website: www.raybiotech.com Email: info@raybiotech.com
Cell-Based Human/Mouse STAT3 (Tyr705)
Phosphorylation ELISA Kit
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.
VI.
VII.
VIII.
IX.
X.
Introduction…………………………………………...............................................
How It Works…………………………………………………………………………………….
Reagents and Storage.…………....................…………...................... ...
Additional Reagents Required…………......................................
Reagent Preparation …………...........................................................
Assay Procedure …………………………………………………………………….........
Assay Procedure Summary ………………………………………...............
Quality Control Data ……………………………………………….....................
References ………………………………………………………………….........................
Troubleshooting Guide ……...........................................................
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RayBio Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) ELISA Kit Protocol
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3
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5
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I. INTRODUCTION
Protein phosphorylation is instrumental in the regulation of protein
activity within a cell. It plays important roles in the living cells including
proliferation, differentiation and metabolism. A large number of
protein kinases and phosphatases have been extensively investigated,
and have been shown to be involved in signal transduction pathways.
The RayBio Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) ELISA kit is a very rapid,
convenient and sensitive assay kit that can monitor the activation or
function of important biological pathways in cells. It can be used for
measuring the relative amount of STAT3 (Tyr705) phosphorylation and
screening the effects of various treatments, inhibitors (such as siRNA or
chemicals), or activators in cultured human, mouse, and rat cell lines.
By determining STAT3 protein phosphorylation in your experimental
model system, you can verify pathway activation in your cell lines
without spending excess time and effort in preparing cell lysate and
performing an analysis of Western Blot. In the Cell-Based STAT3
(Tyr705) ELISA kit, cells are seeded into a 96 well tissue culture plate.
The cells are fixed after various treatments, inhibitors or activators.
After blocking, Anti-Phospho-STAT3 (Tyr705) or Anti-STAT3 is pipetted
into the wells and incubated. The wells are washed, and HRPconjugated anti-mouse IgG is added to the wells. The wells are washed
again, a TMB substrate solution is added to the wells and color
develops in proportion to the amount of protein. The Stop Solution
changes the color from blue to yellow, and the intensity of the color is
measured at 450 nm.
See Figure 1 below for an illustration.
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RayBio Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) ELISA Kit Protocol
II. HOW IT WORKS
1. Add cells
4. Anti-phospho-protein antibody
or anti-pan-protein antibody
2. Treatment with stimulators
or inhibitors
3. Fixing and blocking
5. HRP-conjugated secondary
antibody
6. Develop with substrate
Fig.1. Cell-Based protein phosphorylation procedure
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RayBio Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) ELISA Kit Protocol
+TMB
Color
III. REAGENTS AND STORAGE
Store entire kit at ≤ -20 °C immediately upon arrival. Kit must be used within
the 6 month expiration date. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
ITEM
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
COMPONENT
Uncoated 96-Well Microplate
20X Wash Buffer A Concentrate
20X Wash Buffer B Concentrate
Fixing Solution
30X Quenching Buffer Concentrate
5X Blocking Buffer Concentrate
500X Mouse Anti-phospho (Tyr705)
STAT3 Concentrate
500X Mouse Anti-STAT3 Concentrate
1000X HRP Conjugated
Anti-Mouse IgG Concentrate
TMB Substrate
Stop Solution**
1 PLATE KIT
2 PLATE KIT
1 plate
2 plates
1 vial (30 ml)
1 vial (30 ml)
1 vial (30 ml)
1 vial (2 ml)
1 vial (20 ml)
1 vial (10 µl)
2 vials (10 µl/ea)
1 vial (10 µl )
2 vials (10 µl/ea)
1 vial (10 µl )
2 vials (10 µl/ea)
1 vial (12 ml)
2 vials (12 ml/ea)
1 vial (14 ml)
STORAGE AFTER
INITIAL THAW*
Room Temperature
2-8 °C
2-8 °C (1 month)
-20 °C
2-8 °C
*For up to 3 months (unless otherwise stated) or until expiration date.
**Contains 0.2 M Sulfuric Acid
IV. ADDITIONAL MATERIALS REQUIRED
1. A model cell line, protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors, growth factors or
cytokines
2. Microplate reader capable of measuring absorbance at 450 nm
3. 37 oC incubator
4. Precision pipettes to deliver 2 µl to 1 ml volumes
5. Adjustable 1-25 ml pipettes for reagent preparation
6. 100 ml and 1 liter graduated cylinders
7. Absorbent paper
8. Distilled or deionized water
9. Orbital shaker or oscillating rocker
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RayBio Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) ELISA Kit Protocol
V. REAGENT PREPARATION
NOTE:
NOTE:
ITEM
PRIMARY
ANTIBODY
COMPONENT
PREPARATION
EXAMPLE
A
Uncoated 96-Well Microplate
No Preparation
N/A
B
20X Wash Buffer A Concentrate
C
20X Wash Buffer B Concentrate
Dilute 20-foldwith distilledor deionized
water
25 ml of concentrate + 475 ml of water =
500 ml of 1X working solution
D
Fixing Solution
30X Quenching Buffer
Concentrate
No Preparation
Dilute 30-fold with 1X Wash Buffer
A
Dilute 5-fold with distilled or
deionized water
N/A
1 ml of concentrate + 29 ml of wash buffer
= 30 ml of 1X working solution
20 ml of concentrate + 80 ml of water =
100 ml of 1X working solution
Dilute 500-foldwith 1X Blocking Buffer
10 µl of concentrate + 4990 µl of 1X
Blocking Buffer = 5 ml of 1X working
solution
E
SECONDARY
ANTIBODY
Thaw all reagents to room temperature immediately before use. If wash buffers contain
visible crystals, warm to room temperature and mix gently until dissolved.
Briefly centrifuge (~1,000g) ITEMS G, H, and I before opening to ensure maximum
recovery.
F
5X Blocking Buffer Concentrate
G
500X Mouse Anti-phospho
(Tyr705) STAT3 Concentrate
H
500X Mouse Anti-STAT3
Concentrate
I
1000X HRP Conjugated
Anti-Mouse IgG Concentrate
Dilute 1000-foldwith 1X Blocking Buffer
10 µl of concentrate + 9990 µl of 1X
Blocking Buffer = 10 ml of 1X working
solution
TMB Substrate
Stop Solution
No Preparation
N/A
J
K
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RayBio Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) ELISA Kit Protocol
VI. ASSAY PROCEDURE:
NOTE:
ALL incubations and wash steps must be performed under gentle rocking or rotation (~1-2
cycles/sec).
1. Design your experiment. For example, see Figure 2 below.
EGF (ng/ml)
0 20 100
0 20 100 0 20 100
0 20 100
0 min
10 min
20 min
30min
Anti-Phospho
STAT3 (Tyr705)
Anti-STAT3
Inhibitor + AntiPhospho STAT3
(Tyr705)
Inhibitor +
Anti- STAT3
Fig. 2. Example of how to seed cells for RayBio
 cell-based assay
OPTIONAL:
If seeding HUVECs, HMEC-1 or other loosely attached cells, coat the Uncoated 96-Well
Microplate (ITEM A) by adding 100 μl poly-L-Lysine (Recommended Sigma Aldrich,
Cat#: P4832) into each well and then follow manufacturer’s instructions. A pre-coated
CellBIND® microplate or other poly-lysine treated tissue culture plate may be used in
place of Item A.
2. Seed 100 µl of 30,000 cells into each well of the Uncoated 96-Well
Microplate (ITEM A) provided and incubate overnight at 37oC with 5%
CO2.
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RayBio Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) ELISA Kit Protocol
NOTE:
The optimal cell number used will vary on the cell line and the relative amount of protein
phosphorylation. More or less cells may be used but this must be determined empirically.
NOTE:
The cells can be starved ~4-24 hours (depending on cell line) prior to treatment with
inhibitors or activators.
3. Apply various treatments, inhibitors (such as siRNA or chemicals) or
activators according to manufacturer’s instructions and incubate for the
desired time points.
NOTE:
It is recommended to dissolve inhibitors or activators into serum-free cell culture medium
before treating the cells (unless otherwise stated in the manufacturer’s instructions.)
4. Discard the cell culture medium by flipping the microplate upside down
and gently tapping the bottom of the microplate over a sink.
5. Wash by pipetting 200 µl of the prepared 1X Wash Buffer A (ITEM B)
into each well. Discard the wash buffer (same as step 4) and wash 2
more times for a total of 3 washes using fresh wash buffer each time.
After the final wash, gently blot the microplate onto a paper towel to
remove any excess/remaining buffer.
NOTE:
To avoid cell loss, do not pipette directly onto the cells. Instead, gently dispense the liquid
down the wall of cell culture wells. Also avoid the use of vacuum suction or too forcefully
tapping the microplate when discarding any solution.
6. Add 100 µl of Fixing Solution (ITEM D) into each well and incubate for
20 minutes at room temperature.
NOTE:
The fixing solution is used to permeabilize the cells.
7. Repeat wash step 5.
8. Add 200 µl of the prepared 1X Quenching Buffer (ITEM E) into each
well and incubate 20 minutes at room temperature.
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RayBio Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) ELISA Kit Protocol
NOTE:
The quenching buffer is used to minimize the background response.
9. Wash 4 times with 1X Wash Buffer A.
10. Add 200 µl of the prepared 1X Blocking Buffer (ITEM F) into each well
and incubate for 1 hour at 37oC.
11. Wash 3 times with the prepared 1X Wash Buffer B (ITEM C).
NOTE:
If needed, the microplate may be stored at -80 oC for several days after this wash.
12. Add 50 µl of the prepared 1X primary antibody (ITEM G or H) into each
corresponding well and incubate for 2 hours at room temperature.
13. Wash 4 times with 1X Wash Buffer B.
14. Add 50 µl of 1X HRP Conjugated secondary antibody (ITEM I) into each
well and incubate for 1 hour at room temperature.
15. Wash 4 times with 1X Wash Buffer B.
16. Add 100 µl of the TMB Substrate (ITEM J) into each well and incubate
for 30 minutes at room temperature in the dark.
17. Add 50 µl of the Stop Solution (ITEM K) into each well. Read at 450 nm
immediately.
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RayBio Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) ELISA Kit Protocol
VII. ASSAY PROCEDURE SUMMARY
1. Seed 30,000 cells into each well and incubate overnight.
2. Apply various treatment, inhibitors or activators according to
manufacturer’s instructions.
3. Add 100 µl of Fixing Solution into each well and incubate for 20
minutes at room temperature.
4. Add 200 µl of prepared 1X Quenching Buffer and incubate for 20
minutes at room temperature.
5. Add 200 µl of prepared 1X Blocking Buffer and incubate for 1 hour at
37oC.
6. Add 50 µl of prepared 1X primary antibody to each well and incubate
for 2 hours at room
temperature.
7. Add 50 µl of prepared 1X HRP Conjugated secondary antibody and
incubate for 1 hour at room temperature.
8. Add 100 µl TMB Substrate and incubate 30 minutes at room
temperature.
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RayBio Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) ELISA Kit Protocol
9. Add 50 µl Stop Solution to each well. Read at 450 nm immediately.
VIII. QUALITY CONTROL DATA
Representative results of Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) are shown below:
1. Seeded 30,000 A431 cells into appropriate wells of the microplate. Cells
were incubated at 37oC in 5% CO2 overnight.
2. Added 50 µl of different concentrations of stimulators (rhEGF
concentration for A431 cells: 0, 20 or 100 ng/ml in serum free DMEM)
to appropriate wells (shown below). Then incubated for 10, 20, or 30
min at 37oC.
3. Discarded the solution and wash 3 times with 1X Wash Buffer A (200 µl
each) immediately. Then flipped the plate upside down and tapped to
remove all of excess wash buffer. The protocol was then followed as
stated.
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RayBio Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) ELISA Kit Protocol
1.0
1.0
OD=450 nm
Anti-Phospho-Stat3 (Tyr705)
Anti-Stat3
Anti-Phospho-Stat3 (Tyr705)
Anti-Stat3
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.4
OD=450 nm
0.2
0.0
EGF concentrations
0
20
100
0.2
0.0
ng/ml
0
EGF concentrations
Fig. 3A. A431 cells were stimulated by different
concentrations of EGF for 10 min at 37oC
hEGF
0
10
20
100
ng/ml
Fig. 3B. A431 cells were stimulated by different concentration
EGF for 30 min at 37oC
30
0
Anti-Phospho
Phospho-Stat3
(Tyr705)
10
30 (Min)
Anti-Stat3
Fig. 4. Western blot analysis of extracts from 100 ng/ml hEGF
EGF treated
A431cells. Phospho
Phospho-stat3 (Tyr705) and stat3 antibodies were
used in both detection assays.
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RayBio Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) ELISA Kit Protocol
IX. REFERENCES:
1. Kanai, M., et al. 2003. Oncogene 22:548-554.
2. Michael J. Clemens and Michael C. 1997. Protein Phosphorylation
in Cell Growth Regulation. 1 Edition.
3. Fu, X.Y., et al. 1993. Cell 74:1135.
4. Smith, P.D. & Crompton, M.R. 1998. Biochem. J. 331:381.
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RayBio Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) ELISA Kit Protocol
X: TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
Problem
Cause
Solution
1. Low signal
1. Improper storage of
the ELISA kit
1. Store the kit according
to manual instructions.
Keep substrate solution in
dark.
2. Improper dilution
2. Ensure correct
preparation of antibody
and reagents.
3. Cells drop off from
the wells
3. Some of treatments may
make cells drop off
the wells. Reduce
inhibitor or activator
concentration.
1. Inadequate washing
1. Be sure to remove
all of washing
solution and follow
the recommendation
for washing.
2. Too much cells
2. Reduce the cell
number.
1. Inaccurate pipetting
1. Check pipette.
2. Remaining wash
buffer in the well
2. Remove all of wash
buffer.
3. Cells drop off from
the wells
3. Please don’t directly face
the cells with tips when
adding reagents or wash
buffer.
2. High
background
3. Large CV
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RayBio Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) ELISA Kit Protocol
NOTES:
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RayBio Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) ELISA Kit Protocol
This product is for research use only.
©2004 RayBiotech, Inc.
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RayBio Cell-Based STAT3 (Tyr705) ELISA Kit Protocol