Accton Technology 12se Installation manual

Fast EtherHub-12se
&INO<GG<ODJI*<IP<G
Installation Manual
Fast EtherHub-12se
Smart Fast Ethernet Hub
with 11 100BASE-TX Ports
and 1 100BASE-FX Port
Copyright (c) 1996 by Accton Technology Corporation. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be copied or reproduced in any form or by any means without the
prior written consent of Accton Technology Corporation.
Accton makes no warranties with respect to this documentation and disclaims any implied
warranties of merchantability, quality, or fitness for any particular purpose. The information in this
document is subject to change without notice. Accton reserves the right to make revisions to this
publication without obligation to notify any person or entity of any such changes.
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No. 1 Creation Road III,
Science-based Industrial Park
Hsinchu 300, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Phone: 886-3-5770-270
FAX: 886-3-5770-267
BBS: 886-3-5770-654
Internet: support@accton.com.tw
1962 Zanker Road
San Jose, CA 95112
Phone: 408-452-8900
FAX: 408-452-8988
BBS: 408-452-8828
FAST FAX: 408-452-8811
Accton, EtherHub and SmartWatch are trademarks or registered trademarks of Accton Technology
Corporation. Other trademarks or brand names mentioned herein are trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective companies.
EH3012-TF
150089-101
E1296-R01
Package Contents
Carefully unpack the contents of the package and verify them against the
checklist given below.
Package Checklist
æ Fast EtherHub-12se
Model No. EH3012-TF-SC or EH3012-TF-ST
Model EH3012-TF-SC has an SC-type fiber connector.
Model EH3012-TF-ST has an ST-type fiber connector.
æ
æ
æ
æ
AC power cord (optional)
Four rubber foot pads
Installation manual
Warranty registration card
Please inform your dealer immediately should there be any wrong, missing, or
damaged parts.
If possible, retain the carton, including the original packing materials. Use
them again to repack the unit in case there is a need to return it for repair.
To qualify for product updates and product warranty registration, fill in the
Owner Registration Card and return it to Accton Technology Corporation.
Package Contents
i
Quick Installation
The Fast EtherHub-12se is a Class II repeater. It contains 11 100BASE-TX
Fast Ethernet RJ-45 ports, as well as 1 100BASE-FX fiber optic port that
supports connection using standard multimode fiber cable. The smart design
built into the front display panel provides a friendly interface that simplifies
installation and network troubleshooting. If you are already familiar with basic
network operations, you should be able to install this hub as described below:
1. Unpack the Fast EtherHub-12se.
2. Find a location close to the network devices you need to connect, and within
easy reach of an electrical outlet.
3. Mount the hub on a desktop or any other flat surface. If you are installing
multiple hubs, you can stack them on top of each other (after attaching the
foot pads), or install them in an standard EIA 19-inch rack.
4. Connect servers or workstations to the RJ-45 MDI-X station ports. Use
100W Category 5 STP or UTP cable to connect to the hub, and be sure the
length of any individual twisted-pair connection does not exceed 100 meters.
5. You can connect the hub’s 100BASE-FX port to a workstation, another hub,
or to a collapsed backbone (e.g., a 100 Mbps switch). Use 50/125 mm or
62.5/125 mm fiber optic cables with SC or ST connectors to connect to the
hub. Assuming the maximum cable length of 100 meters is used to connect
various devices to the hub with twisted-pair cable, then the maximum length
you can run a fiber optic link depends on the device type you want to attach
to the hub, as shown in the following table:
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Quick Installation
VZLWFK
iii
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
If your twisted-pair connections are less than 100 meters long, then the
length of the fiber optic cable can be extended. Refer the section 'LVWDQFH
/LPLWIRU)DVW(WKHUQHW&DEOLQJ in Chapter 2 for a description of how to calculate
the maximum length of fiber optic cable that can be used in your particular
environment.
6. You can make a cascaded connection to another hub by running straightthrough twisted-pair cable from the daisy-chain port 12 (MDI) on this hub to
any station port (MDI-X) on the another hub (or vice versa). If necessary,
you can also cascade between two station ports using crossover cable. Port 1
can also used to make a fiber optic connection to another compatible hub.
Assuming that the maximum cable length is used for end-node connections,
then the inter-hub cabling should be limited to 5 meters. However, if you
need to extend this length of inter-hub cabling beyond 5 meters, then first
calculate the maximum length permitted between each pair of end nodes as
described under the %LW%XGJHW section in Chapter 2 (page 2-4).
7. Verify network communications by ensuring that • you have made all the necessary connections
• you can access any connected resources
• the hub’s indicators are functioning properly
If you encounter any problems in installing the Fast EtherHub, refer to Chapter 2
for a detailed description of installation procedures, Chapter 3 for sample
configurations, or Appendix A for help in troubleshooting.
Note: Refer to Chapter 2 for a more detailed description of calculating the maximum cable
length permitted between two end nodes for Fast Ethernet.
iv
Quick Installation
About this Guide
This guide is designed for the experienced network installer. It describes how
to install and operate Accton’s Fast EtherHub. After reading this manual, you
should be able to use the front display panel and configure options to manage
all your network connections.
This manual covers the following topics:
Chapter 1 - Product Overview
Brief description of Fast Ethernet, followed by a description of this hub and a
summary of its important features and specifications.
Chapter 2 - Installing the System
Installing a Fast EtherHub and making basic network connections.
Chapter 3 - Configuring the Network
Shows sample network configurations for a local area network.
Chapter 4 - Hardware Reference
Detailed description of indicator panel and ports.
Appendices Troubleshooting, cable assignments, and product specifications.
About this Guide
v
Contents
Chapter 1: Product Overview .................................................1-1
Introduction to Fast Ethernet .....................................................................................1-1
Accton’s Fast EtherHub System.................................................................................1-1
Basic Features............................................................................................................1-2
Chapter 2: Installing the System ............................................2-1
Pre-Installation Requirements ...................................................................................2-1
Connecting the Hub System ......................................................................................2-1
Making RJ-45 Connections ..................................................................................2-2
Making Fiber Optic Connections..........................................................................2-2
Distance Limit for Fast Ethernet Cabling .............................................................2-3
Simplified Cable Length Constraints ..............................................................2-3
Precise Cable Length Budgeting .....................................................................2-4
Providing Power to the EtherHub..............................................................................2-5
Verifying Port Status .................................................................................................2-5
Verifying System Operation ......................................................................................2-6
Chapter 3: Configuring the Network ......................................3-1
Stand-Alone...............................................................................................................3-1
Connecting Multiple Hubs.........................................................................................3-1
Using the RJ-45 Daisy-Chain Port........................................................................3-2
Precise Guidelines for Configuring Multiple Hubs...............................................3-3
Chapter 4: Hardware Reference .............................................4-1
Front Panel ...............................................................................................................4-1
SmartWatch Indicator Panel .................................................................................4-2
Fan Alert .........................................................................................................4-2
Power Status....................................................................................................4-2
Statistical Display for System Performance ....................................................4-3
Port Status Display..........................................................................................4-4
RJ-45 Ethernet Ports.............................................................................................4-5
Fiber Optic Ethernet Port......................................................................................4-5
vii
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Rear Panel ...............................................................................................................4-6
Power Socket ........................................................................................................4-6
Appendix A: Troubleshooting ................................................A-1
Diagnosing Hub Indicators........................................................................................A-1
System Diagnostics....................................................................................................A-2
Installation ............................................................................................................A-2
Configuration........................................................................................................A-2
Hub Integrity.........................................................................................................A-2
Appendix B: Port and Cable Assignments .............................B-1
RJ-45 Port ...............................................................................................................B-1
Appendix C: Specifications ....................................................C-1
Product Specifications ...............................................................................................C-1
Appendix D: Regulatory Standards Compliance ..................D-1
EMI Certification ......................................................................................................D-1
FCC Class B .........................................................................................................D-1
Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI-1) .........................................D-2
European Community Immunity Requirements....................................................D-3
CE Mark Declaration of Conformance (for EMI and Safety)...............................D-3
Safety Compliance.....................................................................................................D-4
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. .............................................................................D-4
Sicherheitshinweise ..............................................................................................D-5
Appendix E: Product Support Services.................................E-1
Product Registration ..................................................................................................E-1
Problem Report .........................................................................................................E-1
Hardware Repair Service...........................................................................................E-1
Software Update and Upgrade Service......................................................................E-2
Bulletin Board Service (BBS) ...................................................................................E-2
Interactive Fast Fax (U.S.A. office)...........................................................................E-2
Technical Support......................................................................................................E-3
viii
Contents
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Limited Warranty ......................................................................................................E-4
Customer Remedies ..............................................................................................E-4
Return Process ......................................................................................................E-5
Accton Distributors ...................................................................................................E-6
Ordering Information.................................................................................................E-6
Glossary
Index
List of Figures
Figure 3-1
Figure 3-2
Figure 3-3
Figure 4-1
Figure 4-2
Figure B-1
Stand-Alone Configuration ....................................................................3-1
Multiple Hub Configuration Using the Daisy-Chain Port ......................3-2
Cabling Limits for Multiple Hub Configuration.....................................3-4
The Fast EtherHub-12se Front Panel .....................................................4-1
The Fast EtherHub-12se Rear Panel ......................................................4-6
RJ-45 Connector (on the Hub Side) .......................................................B-1
List of Tables
Table B-1 RJ-45 Pin Assignments............................................................................B-1
Contents
ix
Chapter 1: Product Overview
Introduction to Fast Ethernet
Standard 10 Mbps Ethernet has served well for past generations of 286 and
386 machines performing simple file transfers. However, with the inevitable
growth in corporate network size and the introduction of fully-functional 32-bit
PC architectures, and operating systems running complex applications, 10
Mbps Ethernet has become a serious bottleneck.
With the recent flood of choices for upgrading media bandwidth, 100 Mbps
Fast Ethernet has become the most popular choice because of its low cost,
compatibility with existing Ethernet applications, and the fact that it can run on
top of an installed base of twisted-pair cabling. Fast Ethernet can be easily
integrated into an existing 10 Mbps Ethernet environment with no need for
protocol translation or changes to network software.
Accton’s Fast EtherHub System
The Fast EtherHub-12se includes 11 100BASE-TX RJ-45 ports, plus an
additional 100BASE-FX fiber optic port. This hubs provides a friendly design
that simplifies installation and network troubleshooting. The SmartWatchTM
indicator panel includes Utilization and Collision rate LEDs, as well as Partition,
Link and Traffic LEDs to ease network management.
The Fast EtherHub-12se can be used to relieve common network congestion,
regardless of whether it is caused by too many stations contending for limited
bandwidth or by a server that is supporting too many users. They can greatly
improve access both to key servers and to the network backbone. These hubs
not only deliver a vast improvement in network response time, but help you
maintain outstanding performance as your user community continues to grow.
Product Overview
1-1
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Basic Features
• Conforms to the IEEE 802.3u repeater specification for 100BASE-TX and
100BASE-FX
• Transmits data at 100 Mbps for demanding applications
• Friendly design that monitors network utilization, collisions, link and port
partition status
• LED indicator panel including Utilization and Collision rate indicators for
reporting hub activity and facilitating problem diagnosis
• RJ-45 ports for 100BASE-TX connection using unshielded or shielded
twisted pair cable
• Port 12 can serve as an MDI-X station port or as an MDI daisy-chain port
using standard straight-through twisted-pair cable (see Fig. 4-1)
• Includes additional port for 100BASE-FX connection using multimode fiber
optic cable
• Automatically partitions bad ports to protect the network system
• Automatic polarity detection and correction permits automatic adjustment
for wiring errors
• Alert LED shows if fan has failed
1-2
Product Overview
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
These Fast EtherHubs support the following basic system safeguards:
• This hub features automatic partitioning and reconnection, jabber lockup
protection, and automatic polarity detection for network cabling.
• With automatic partitioning and reconnection, any port is automatically
isolated if excessive collisions occur on it. When the collision rate subsides,
the port is automatically reconnected.
• With the jabber lock-up function, the hub automatically stops transmission
of abnormal Ethernet frames that may cause data loss for all network users.
(Jabber refers to abnormal Ethernet frames which are much too long and
may come from a malfunctioning Ethernet card.)
• With automatic polarity detection, the hub recognizes and adjusts for
attached cable assemblies which may be wired with incorrect polarity on the
receive pair.
Product Overview
1-3
Chapter 2: Installing the System
This chapter provides information on pre-installation requirements, establishing
network connections, and configuring the system.
Pre-Installation Requirements
Before you start making network connections to the Fast EtherHub-12se, make
sure you can provide the right operating environment, including power
requirements, and proximity to other network devices that are to be connected.
Verify the following installation requirements:
• Power requirements: 100 to 240 VAC at 50 to 60 Hz. The hub’s power
supply automatically detects the input voltage level.
• The hub should be located in a cool dry place, with at least 10 cm. of space
at the front and back for ventilation.
• Check if network cables and connectors needed for installation are available.
• Find a suitable location at the center of the devices you want to link, and
near a power outlet
Connecting the Hub System
This hub is a Fast Ethernet repeater for 100BASE-TX networks, with an
additional fiber optic link for connection to any compatible 100BASE-FX device.
The Fast EtherHub-12se has 11 RJ-45 station ports, of which Port 12 can serve as
either a station port or a daisy-chain port (depending on the port’s switch setting).
Use twisted-pair cable (100W Category 5 STP or UTP) to connect any RJ-45
MDI-X port to a server/workstation, or to connect the RJ-45 MDI port (i.e., Port
12) to another compatible hub. It also has one additional fiber optic port (Port 1:
SC or ST type). You may use 50/125 or 62.5/125 mm guage multimode fiber
optic cable with SC or ST type connectors (depending on the Fast EtherHub
Installing the System
2-1
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
model you purchased) to connect any compatible network device to the TX/RX
jacks on the fiber optic port.
Note: The EH3012-TF-SC provides an SC-type fiber connector.
The EH3012-TF-ST provides an ST-type fiber connector.
Making RJ-45 Connections
1. Prepare category 5 straight-through twisted-pair cable (100W) with RJ-45
plugs at both ends.
2. If you are making a connection to a server or workstation (i.e., a dedicated
connection to an end-node device), be sure that it has a properly installed
100BASE-TX network interface card. Attach one end of the cable to an
MDI-X station port on the hub and the other end to the RJ-45 port of the
device’s network interface card.
If you are connecting to a network interconnection device, attach one end of
the cable to Port 12 on the hub (and set the switch to MDI crossover mode,
see Fig. 4-1) and the other end to an MDI-X station port on the other device
(or vice versa). When cascading to devices other than this hub, please refer
to the accompanying documentation for restrictions on cascade size and
cable length
not plug a phone jack connector into the RJ-45 port. This may damage the hub.
I Do
Instead, use only twisted-pair cables with RJ-45 connectors that conform to FCC
standards.
Making Fiber Optic Connections
1. Prepare a fiber optic cable with the required connector types (i.e., SC or ST)
at both ends.
2. If you are making a connection to a server or workstation, be sure it that has
a properly installed 100BASE-FX network interface card. Connect the
RX/TX jacks on the target device to the TX/RX jacks on the hub.
2-2
Installing the System
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Distance Limit for Fast Ethernet Cabling
There are two common ways to calculate maximum cable length. The first
way, which is refered to as the “Simplified Cable Length Constraints” method
assumes that the maximum permissible cable length is used to connect various
end-node devices (such as workstations or servers) to the hub. A more careful
method of calculating maximum cable length, referred to as the “Precise Length
Budgeting” method, requires you to measure the exact cable length for each
pair of nodes that need to communicate, and to provide the signal delay time for
each hub in your system. Both of these methods are described in this section.
Simplified Cable Length Constraints
The Fast EtherHub-12se is a Class II repeater. IEEE recommends that Class II
hubs be limited to a cascade of two hubs. The simplest rule is that workstation
connections be limited to 100 meters for twisted-pair cabling and 112 meters
for fiber optic cabling, and that interhub cabling be limited to 5 meters. If you
are stacking hubs in a wiring closet, this is good advise. When a hub is located
in central wiring closet, connections to end users tend to be very long. Using
these assumptions, then maximum cable lengths depend on the device type you
want to attach to the hub, as shown in the following table:
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When connecting to another hub, traffic is confined to a single collision
domain. However, when connecting to a collapsed backbone (e.g., a switch or
router), the collision domain is broken up, enabling the use of longer cable
lengths as illustrated in the preceeding table.
Installing the System
2-3
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Precise Cable Length Budgeting
If you plan on installing a network for a small office, it may not be convenient
to place hubs within 5 meters of each other, and then run up to 100 meters of
cabling for each end user. This kind of installation can be very messy and
wastes a lot of cabling. Depending on how your users are spread out, it may be
more convenient to run a longer length of inter-hub cabling (say 50 meters or
more), and then run shorter lengths of cable from each hub to the end users.
Depending on the inherent delay in the hub and the maximum cable lengths
required, it may even be possible to cascade up to three Fast Ethernet hubs.
However, when setting up these kinds of distributed cascades, you have to be
very careful in calculating the maximum length for each node pair. All endnode devices (e.g., workstations or servers) must be within 100 meters of the
connected hub when using twisted-pair cabling, or within 112 meters when
using fiber optic cabling. However, when linking one or more Fast Ethernet
repeaters together (i.e., in the same collision domain), the overall length of
cable used between any two nodes should not exceed the limits outlined in the
IEEE 802.3u standard. In precise terms, the maximum length of cabling that
can be run from end-node to end-node is
367m ≥ S(repeater equivalent length)
+ S(length of category 5 twisted-pair cable)
+ (0.9 * S(length of fiber optic cable1))
1 - if fiber is used
This repeater has an inherent delay of 90 bit time or 80 meters of twisted-pair
cable. Taking a daisy chain of two hubs connected with twisted-pair cabling for
an example, the maximum length from node to node is 367m - (2 x 80m) = 207m.
Therefore, if both node A and B are linked to separate repeaters in a two hub
system, each using 100 meters of cable to connect to their respective hub, then
the inter-hub cabling will be limited to 5 meters (i.e., 207m - 2x100m = 7m,
which is then reduced to 5 meters according to a common wiring rule).
2-4
Installing the System
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
On the other hand, if two hubs are connected via 100m of fiber optic cabling,
then the total length of remaining cabling that can be used to connect two endnodes to hub 1 and 2 respectively is 367m - (2 x 80m) - (0.9 x 100) = 117m.
A more detailed example of calculating the maximum cable length for fiber
optics is included in the section on 3UHFLVH*XLGHOLQHVIRU&RQILJXULQJ0XOWLSOH+XEV in
Chapter 3.
Providing Power to the EtherHub
1. Power on the hub by plugging the power cord into the power socket at the
rear of the EtherHub (see Fig. 4-2), and the other end into a power outlet.
2. Check the LED marked Power on the front panel to see if it is on. The unit
will automatically select the setting that matches the connected input
voltage. Therefore, no additional adjustments are necessary when
connecting it to any input voltage within the range marked on the rear panel.
Verifying Port Status
Check each connection by viewing the port status indicators listed below. (For
a more detailed description of these indicators, refer to Chapter 4.)
• /LQN
Indicates that the port has established valid network connection.
• 7UDIILF
Indicates traffic traversing the port.
• 3DUWLWLRQ
Indicates that the port has been isolated from the hub due to
excessive errors.
If the Link status indicator is not functioning properly, or you experience any
other difficulties in setting up the hub, refer to Appendix A.
Installing the System
2-5
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Verifying System Operation
Verify that all attached devices have a valid connection. The hub monitors
link status for each port. If any device is properly connected to the hub and
transmitting a link beat signal, the Link indicator lights up for the corresponding
port. If the Link indicator fails to light up when you connect a device to the
hub, check the following items • Be sure the twisted-pair cable is properly attached to the connected device
and the hub. Verify that the RJ-45 plug snaps into place when attached.
• See if the twisted-pair cable is functioning properly by using it for another
port and attached device that already displays valid indications when
connected to the network.
• Check the length of the twisted-pair cable to be sure it does not exceed 100
meters. Be sure the length of fiber optic cable does not exceed 112 meters.
If you are using bit budget calculations to determine maximum cable lengths,
then be sure you have not exceeded the maximum cable length calculated for
any potential node pair.
Note: All repeater hubs provide common access to a shared medium, and therefore
operate at half duplex. At half duplex, the maximum cable length that can be used
for fiber optics is 112 meters. Only devices (e.g., a switch or router) which support
dedicated links can operate at full duplex. When operating these device types at full
duplex, the maximum cable length for fiber optics is 2 kilometers.
• Verify that the workstation’s adapter card is functioning properly by trying it
in another computer that has been successfully connected to the network.
If you still can’t resolve the problem, please refer to 7URXEOHVKRRWLQJ in Appendix A.
2-6
Installing the System
Chapter 3: Configuring the Network
The Fast EtherHub-12se allows great flexibility in configuring your network.
You can use it in a stand-alone or multiple hub configuration. Moreover, this
hub also provides a fiber optic port which can be used to connect to any
compatible 100BASE-FX device (e.g., a switch or router). Some of the
common applications for this hub are described in this chapter.
Stand-Alone
These hubs can be used in a simple stand-alone configuration as illustrated
below. In compliance with IEEE 802.3u standards, the maximum cable
distance between the hub and any workstation is 100 meters for twisted-pair
cable and 112 meters for fiber optic cable.
Figure Chapter 3:-1 Stand-Alone Configuration
Connecting Multiple Hubs
In a multiple hub configuration, the maximum overall segment length for interhub cabling depends on many factors, including the length of the cables used to
connect station nodes to the hub system and the number of hubs you cascade
together. You can use simple calculations to determine the maximum network
diameter or the stricter guidelines outlined by IEEE 802.3u standard.
Configuring the Network
3-1
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Using the RJ-45 Daisy-Chain Port
You can easily connect to another hub via the MDI daisy-chain port (Port 12).
When using 6LPSOLHG&DEOH/HQJWK&RQVWUDLQWV as described in Chapter 2, the interhub cable length is 5 meters. Figure Chapter 3:-2 shows a sample
configuration.
Figure Chapter 3:-2 Multiple Hub Configuration Using the Daisy-Chain Port
3-2
Configuring the Network
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Precise Guidelines for Configuring Multiple Hubs
A detailed formula for calculating maximum cable length was provided in the
section on 3UHFLVH&DEOH/HQJWK%XGJHWLQJ in Chapter 2. This formula stated that the
maximum length of cabling that can be run from end-node to end-node is:
367m ≥ S(repeater equivalent length)
+ S(length of category 5 twisted-pair cable)
+ (0.9 * S(length of fiber optic cable1))
1 - if fiber is used
For the daisy chain of three hubs shown in Figure Chapter 3:-4,
communications must
be supported for node pairs AB and AC. In this case, first determine the
limitations on cable length found on the longest path (i.e., the path with the
longest delay time).
Remember that this Class II device has an inherent repeater delay of 90 bit time
or 80 meters of twisted-pair cable. Therefore, if node A and B are linked to
repeaters 1 and 3 respectively (each using 50 meters of twisted-pair cable), then
the maximum length from node A to B is 367m - (3 x 80m) = 127m and the
total inter-hub cabling will be limited to 27 meters (i.e., 127m - 2x50m = 27m).
Therefore, if you use 15 meters of twisted-pair cable to connect hubs 1 and 2,
then 12 meters of cable can be used to connect hubs 2 and 3.
Moreover, if node A and C are linked to adjacent hubs 1 and 2 in this system,
then the maximum length of fiber optic cable that can be used to connect node C
to hub 2 is 367m - 2*80m - (50m + 15m) = 0.9 * LengthFX, or 157 meters.
However, because this value exceeds the maximum permitted length for fiber
optic cable, it must be reduced to 112 meters.
Configuring the Network
3-3
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Figure Chapter 3:-4 Cabling Limits for Multiple Hub Configuration
Notes:
1. The maximum length for each cable must be determined by calculations for the
longest path (i.e., node-to-node connection) that passes through that cable segment.
2. To control the number of hubs in a path, we recommend that one hub be used to
connect to several other hubs. Make sure there is only one path between any two
stations on the network.
3. If you need to connect network devices over a long distance, use a switching hub
or router to split the network up into two or more collision domains. For detailed
information on purchasing the required equipment, contact your local distributor or
Accton representative for support.
3-4
Configuring the Network
Chapter 4: HardwareReference
This chapter describes the hardware features of the Fast EtherHub-12se. For
easier management and control of the hub, familiarize yourself with the display
indicators and ports. This hub includes 11 RJ-45 MDI-X station ports, of
which Port 12 can also serve as an MDI daisy-chain port. In addition, it
includes one fiber optic port (Port 1) that supports connection to any 100BASEFX compatible device using standard multimode fiber optic cable with SC or
ST type connectors (depending on the model you purchased).
Note: Model EH3012-TF-SC has an SC-type fiber connector.
Model EH3012-TF-ST has an ST-type fiber connector.
Front Panel
The front panel provides a simple interface for monitoring the hub. It includes
an alert indicator to show if the fan has failed, a power indicator, a statistical
display for network traffic, and port status indicators as shown below.
100BASE-TX/FX Class II Repeater
Figure Chapter 4:-1 The Fast EtherHub-12se Front Panel
Hardware Reference
4-1
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
SmartWatch Indicator Panel
The SmartWatch LED panel simplifies monitoring of various network
conditions by providing LEDs that indicate the status of each station port and
the overall condition of the hub. The following table lists the indicators and
their function.
Fan Alert
Color:
Red
Alert
Label:
Function: Fan status
Condition
21
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Indication
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Power Status
Color:
Green
Power
Label:
Function: Power indicator
Condition
21
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4-2
Indication
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Hardware Reference
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Statistical Display for System Performance
8WLOL]DWLRQ'LVSOD\0RGH - (8WLOL]DWLRQ) The statistical indicators show the percentage
of valid data passing through each port compared to overall network bandwidth
(updated every 0.5 seconds). There are 5 LEDs representing the percentage of
network utilization. The corresponding LEDs light up to show that the utilization
of LAN bandwidth has reached this percentage. When active, these LEDs behave
like a stereo’s equalizer display.
For example, if network utilization reaches 1%, the LED labeled 1% will light up.
However, if network utilization rises above 1% (e.g., 30%), the LED labeled 30
and all the other LEDs before it (i.e., 1, 5 and 15) will also light up in rapid
succession. These indicators monitor the share of valid network frames handled
by each port within a 100 Mbps bandwidth. They provide a quick way to monitor
the current traffic load relative to the network’s capacity.
&ROOLVLRQ'LVSOD\0RGH (&ROOLVLRQ)- The statistical indicators show the percentage
of packet collisions occurring out of the total packets transmitted by the port.
Collisions occur when two or more devices connected to a hub attempt to transmit
data simultaneously on the network. When a collision occurs, devices pause and
then re-transmit after a pseudo-random wait period. Because wait periods differ
among devices, successive collisions become increasingly improbable.
The Collision LEDs assist the network manager in monitoring the percentage of
packet collisions occurring relative to the total packets transmitted by each port.
The collision indicators are labeled by row to indicate the percentage of
collisions encountered by the corresponding port. When collisions reach a
level marked on the front panel display, the corresponding LED lights up. For
example, if packet collisions reach 1%, the LED labeled 1% will light up.
However, if collisions go beyond 1% (e.g., 15%), the LED labeled 15+% and all
the other LEDs before it (i.e., 1, 3, 5 and 10) also light up in rapid succession.
Hardware Reference
4-3
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Port Status Display
3DUWLWLRQ6WDWXV
Color:
Red
Label:
Partition
Function: Shows if the port has been isolated from the network
Condition
21
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Indication
,QGLFDWHVSRUWKDVEHHQSDUWLWLRQHGGXHWRDQDEQRUPDO
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A port is temporarily partitioned when a line error or too many collisions are
detected on the attached segment. While it is automatically partitioned, the
port continues to receive data from the segment. However, data is not
transmitted onto the segment. When the problem is corrected or a valid data
packet is received through the port, the port is automatically reconnected.
When partitioning occurs, the port’s corresponding Partition LED will be
continually lit (RED light). Otherwise, this LED should be OFF (unlit).
/LQN6WDWXV
Color:
Green
Label:
Link
Function: Indicates a valid network connection associated with the port.
Condition
21
2))
Indication
,QGLFDWHVDYDOLGOLQNKDVEHHQHVWDEOLVKHGRQWKLVSRUW
1RYDOLGOLQNKDVEHHQHVWDEOLVKHGRQWKLVSRUW
Troubleshooting: If the Link LED does not light up when a device is connected to its
corresponding port, check that both the hub and connected device are powered on. Be
sure the cable length for all devices connected to the hub are within the limits described
under 'LVWDQFH/LPLWIRU)DVW(WKHUQHW&DEOLQJ in Chapter 2. When using twisted-pair cable, be
sure you use standard, straight-through cables and not crossover or other specialized
cables. When using fiber optic cable, be sure you use 50/125 mm or 62.5/125 mm
guage multimode cable.
4-4
Hardware Reference
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
7UDQVPLW5HFHLYH$FWLYLW\
Color:
Green
Traffic
Label:
Function: Indicates traffic traversing the port.
Condition
%/,1.,1*
2))
Indication
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EOLQNLQJLVSURSRUWLRQDOWRWKHWUDIILFSDVVLQJWKURXJKWKHSRUW
1RSDFNHWVDUHEHLQJWUDQVPLWWHGIURPWKLVSRUW
RJ-45 Ethernet Ports
This hub includes 11 Fast Ethernet station ports; of which Port 12 can also
serve as a daisy-chain port. Use straight-through twisted-pair cable to connect
the shielded MDI-X station ports to a workstation or server; or to connect the
MDI port to another network interconnection device, such as a hub or switch.
When using Port 12, remember to set the selection switch to MDI-X when
connecting to a workstation, or to MDI when cascading to another hub or
switch. Remember to use 100Wcategory 5 straight-through twisted-pair cable
(STP or UTP) for all standard connections.
Note: If you must cascade between MDI-X station ports on two hubs, then use
crossover cable.
Fiber Optic Ethernet Port
The 100BASE-FX port provides TX/RX jacks for connecting to any compatible
network device using multimode fiber optic cable with SC or ST type connectors. Mate the TX/RX jacks with the RX/TX jacks on the target device. (Note
that 50/125 mm and 62.5/125 mm cable are the only types supported by this
hub.) This port can be connected to any device that provides media connection
for 100BASE-FX, such as a workstation, high-speed server, or other network
interconnection device.
Hardware Reference
4-5
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Rear Panel
The rear panel includes a full-range power socket as shown below.
Figure Chapter 4:-2 The Fast EtherHub-12se Rear Panel
Power Socket
The power socket accepts AC power from 100 to 240V at 50 to 60Hz. The unit
is equipped with a universal full-range power source.
4-6
Hardware Reference
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
Diagnosing Hub Indicators
The Fast EtherHub-12se can be easily monitored through its comprehensive
panel indicators. These indicators assist the network manager in identifying
problems the hub may encounter. This section describes common problems
you may encounter and possible solutions.
Symptom: Power indicator does not light up.
Cause:
Defective power supply or Power LED.
Solution: Have your unit’s power supply or Power LED replaced. Ask for
dealer assistance.
Symptom: Partition indicator lights up.
Cause:
Hub has partitioned a port.
Solution: If port partitioning has occurred, the hub will automatically enable
the port when the faulty condition disappears.
Symptom: Link/Traffic indicator remains unlit.
Cause:
Workstation’s network adapter, cable or hub port is defective.
Solution: The most common cause is a defective network adapter or cable
connection. Check the corresponding cable connections, or the
workstation’s network adapter for possible defects. Verify that the
correct cable type is being used. Replace the defective cable or
adapter. Use 100W Category 5 STP or UTP cable for RJ-45
connections and 50/125 or 62.5/125 mm multimode cable for fiber
optic connections.
Use the diagnostic procedures described in Chapter 2 and the following section
to verify that all other system components are functioning properly. If you still
cannot resolve the problem, contact your Accton distributor for assistance.
Troubleshooting
A-1
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
System Diagnostics
Installation
Verify that all system components have been properly installed. If one or more
components appear to be malfunctioning, test them in an alternate environment
where you are sure that all the other components are functioning properly.
Cabling
1. Verify that the cabling type is correct. Be sure all cable connectors are
securely seated in the required ports. Straight-through cable should be used
for all standard twisted-pair connections; and multimode cable with SC or
ST type connectors should be used for fiber optic connections.
2. Make sure all devices are connected to the network. Equipment may have
been unintentionally disconnected from the network.
External Adapters
Make sure the network adapter cards installed in the workstations are
compatible with your network media type and are in good working condition.
Configuration
If problems occur after altering the network configuration, restore the original
connections, then try to track the problem down by implementing the new
changes, one step at a time. Ensure that cable distances and other physical
aspects of the installation do not exceed recommendations.
Hub Integrity
As a last resort verify the hub’s integrity with a power-on reset. Turn the
power to the hub off and then on a few times. If the problem still persists and
you have completed all the preceding diagnoses, contact your Accton
distributor for further assistance. (Refer to Appendix E.)
A-2
Troubleshooting
Appendix B:
Port and Cable Assignments
RJ-45 Port
Figure B-1 RJ-45 Connector (on the Hub Side)
3LQ
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,QSXW5HFHLYH'DWD
1RW8VHG
Table Appendix B:-1 RJ-45 Pin Assignments
Schematics for both straight and crossover twisted-pair cable are shown below.
Straight-Through
(Hub)
1
2
3
6
IRD+
IRDOTD+
OTD-
(Adapter)
1
2
3
6
OTD+
OTDIRD+
IRD-
Crossover
(Hub)
(Hub)
1
2
3
6
1
2
3
6
IRD+
IRDOTD+
OTD-
Cable and Port Assignments
IRD+
IRDOTD+
OTD-
B-1
Appendix C: Product Specifications
Transmission Technique
Topology
Access Method
Standards Conformance
Media Supported
Interfaces
Hub-to-Workstation Distance
Daisy-Chain Distance (2 hubs)
Dimensions
Power System
Temperature
Humidity
Certification
Emissions
Immunity
Safety
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Product Specifications
C-1
Appendix D:
Regulatory Standards Compliance
EMI Certification
FCC Class B Certification
Accton Technology Corporation
Model Numbers: EH3012-TF
FCC ID: HED3012EHLCT-TF
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received, including interference that
may cause undesired operation.
Warning! This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses
and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of
the following measures:
•
•
•
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from the one which the receiver is
connected to
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help
You are cautioned that changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void your authority to operate the equipment.
Regulatory Standards Compliance
D-1
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Warnings 1. Wear an anti-static wrist strap or take other suitable measures to prevent
electrostatic discharge whenever handling this equipment.
2. When connecting this hub to a power outlet, connect the field ground lead
on the tri-pole power plug to a valid earth ground line to prevent electrical
hazards.
You may find the following booklet prepared by the Federal Communications
Commission helpful:
The Interference Handbook
This booklet is available from the U.S. Government Printing Office. Washington, D.C.
20402. Stock No. 004-000-00345-4.
Note: In order to maintain compliance with the limits of a Class B digital device, Accton
requires that you use a quality interface cable when connecting to this device. Changes
or modifications not expressly approved by Accton could void the user’s authority to
operate this equipment. Suggested cable type is:
• Twisted-pair for RJ-45 connections: 100WCategory 5 STP or UTP
• Fiber optic connections: multimode fiber with SC or ST type connector
Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI-2)
This equipment is in the 2nd Class category (information equipment to be used in or
near residential areas) and conforms to the standards set by the Voluntary Control
Council for Interference by Data Processing Equipment and Electronic Office Machines
aimed at preventing radio interference in residential areas.
If this equipment is placed near a functioning radio or telephone, data errors may result.
D-2
Regulatory Standards Compliance
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Read the instructions for correct handling.
European Community Immunity Requirements
This unit was tested and found to comply with the Class B limits of EN55022 (CISPR
22) and the immunity requirements of EN50082-1.
CE Mark Declaration of Conformance (for EMI and Safety)
This is to certify that this product complies with ISO/IEC Guide 22 and EN45014.
It conforms to the following specifications:
EMC:
EN55022(1988)/CISPR-22(1985)
class B
IEC 1000-4-2(1995)/IEC 801-2(1991) 4kV CD, 8kV AD
IEC 1000-4-3(1995)/IEC 801-3(1984) 3V/m
IEC 1000-4-4(1995)/IEC 801-4(1988) 1kV - (power line), 0.5kV - (signal line)
IEC 1000-4-6(1995)
3Vrms
This product complies with the requirements of the Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC
and the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC.
Warning!
Do not plug a phone jack connector in the RJ-45 port. This may damage the hub.
Les raccordeurs ne sont pas utilisé pour le système téléphonique!
Regulatory Standards Compliance
D-3
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Safety Compliance
Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
Important! Before making connections, make sure you have the correct Cord Set.
Check it (read the label on the cable) against the following specification list.
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The unit will automatically select the setting that matches the input voltage connected.
Therefore, no additional adjustments are necessary when connecting it to any input
voltage within the range marked on the rear panel.
D-4
Regulatory Standards Compliance
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Sicherheitshinweise
1. Die Steckdose muß sich in der Nähe des Gerätes befinden und leicht zugänglich sein.
2. Zum Reinigen den Stecker aus der Steckdose ziehen. Beim Reinigen keine
Flüssigreiniger oder Sprays verwenden, sondern ein angefeuchtetes Tuch.
3. Das produkt gerät nicht in Naßräume oder in der Nähe von
Wasser benutzen, wie z.B. Badezimmer, Schwimmbad, Spülbecken usw.. Das Eindringen
von Wasser kann zur Zerstörung des Gerätes führen.
4. Das produkt gerät nicht auf einer unstabilen Unterlage, wie z.B. Rollwagen, Gestell usw.,
aufstellen. Es könnte herunterfallen und Verletzungen oder Beschädigungen von Mensch
und Gerät verursachen.
5. Die Belüftungsöffnungen nicht blockieren oder auf falscher Ober-fläche, wie Bett,
Sofa usw., stellen. Durch die Blockierung kann es zur Zerstörung des Gerätes durch
Überhitzung kommen.
6. Versuchen Sie niemals dieses Gerät selbst zu warten, da beim Öffnen oder Abnehmen
des Gehäuses die Gefahr eines elektrischen Schlages besteht.
7. Keine Gegenstände auf das Anschlußkabel stellen, damit es nicht durch scharfe Kanten
zerstört werden kann.
8. Keinerlei Gegenstände durch die Öffungen in das Gerät stecken, da es dadurch sonst
zu Kurzschlässen kommen kann.
9. Bei Störungen des Gerätes den Wartungsdienst verständigen.
10. Bei Reperaturen dürfen nur Orginalersatzteile oder Bauteile mit gleichen
Eigenschaften verwendet werden. Andere Bauteile können Feuer, elektrischen Schlag
oder andere Gefahren verursachen.
11. Nach Beendigung von Wartungsarbeiten oder Reperaturen durch den Kundendienst
sollte die Sicherheitsprüfung durchgeführt werden.
12. Bei längerem Stillstand des Gerätes, ist diese von der Versorgungs- spannung zu
trennen. Dies verhindert eine Beschädigung des Gerätes durch eine Überspannung in
der Zuleitung.
13. Der arbeitsplatzbezogene Lärmschutzpegel nach DIN 45 635 ist kleiner 70dB (A).
Regulatory Standards Compliance
D-5
Appendix E:
Product Support Services
Product Registration
Fill in the Owner Registration Card and mail it to Accton Technology Corporation.
Accton will keep your record and inform you of any new Accton unit developments.
Problem Report
If problems occur during unit operation, please check the configuration settings, cables,
connectors, network terminators, hardware compatibility and other network components.
Write a description of the problem, including what problems occurred, when they
occurred, duration of the problems, the unit number, serial number, hardware, software
and the DOS version that you are using. Then contact your dealer or Accton Technology
Corporation for assistance.
Hardware Repair Service
You must get an RMA (Return Materials Authorization) number before returning any
hardware for repair. To obtain this number please inform Accton of your company
name, address, unit name and model number, contact person, telephone number, and a
problem description list. If your unit is under repair warranty you must also give your
purchase date. Carefully pack your hardware. If possible, use the original carton. Mark
the RMA number on the carton and send it to your dealer.
Product Support Services
E-1
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
After repair, Accton will inform you of the date of delivery and the exact amount due.
Please send the payment by T/T (Telegram Transfer), and Accton will send you the
fixed component after receiving payment. With or without warranty, if the hardware is
found to be free of defects, you will only be charged for testing and handling.
Software Update and Upgrade Service
Accton constantly improves its software units by adding enhancements and new
features. Minor software updates are free of charge. If greater changes have been made
to the software, Accton offers software upgrade services at a specially reduced price.
Bulletin Board Service (BBS)
• In countries other than the U.S., call 886-3-5770-654 to reach Accton Taiwan’s
modem line. Modems with 14400 through 2400 baud are supported. Choose 8 data
bits, 1 stop bit and no parity. Standard VT100 terminal emulation is supported
• In the United States, call 408-452-8828 to reach the Accton USA’s BBS line.
Modems with 14400 through 2400 baud are supported. Choose 8 data bits, 1 stop bit
and none parity. Standard VT100 terminal emulation is supported.
Interactive Fast Fax (U.S.A. office)
Printed technical documentation can be Fax’ed to your Fax machine, 24-hours a day.
• Call 408-452-8811 to reach Accton’s interactive Fast Fax service. You will need a
Touch-Tone phone and a Fax machine (or equivalent). Choose document 911 for a
listing of technical bulletins.
E-2
Product Support Services
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Technical Support
Your dealer or installer is the person who understands your network and Accton units.
If neither is available to help you, Accton technical support engineers are available by
Fax, mail or phone.
• Send your technical questions by Fax to:
International Headquarters: 886-3-5770-267
USA Headquarters: 408-452-8988
• To obtain software upgrades connect via ftp to ftp.accton.com.tw
• Send your technical questions by email to support@accton.com.tw
• Mail your technical questions to:
International Headquarters
Accton Technology Corporation
Attn: Technical Support
No. 1 Creation Road III
Science-based Industrial Park
Hsinchu 300, Taiwan, R.O.C.
USA Headquarters
Accton Technology
Corporation
Attn: Technical Support
1962 Zanker Road,
San Jose, CA 95112, U.S.A.
During local business hours, call:
International Headquarters
(Monday through Friday,
8 am to 6 p.m.):
886-3-5770-270
USA Headquarters
(Monday through Friday,
7 am to 5 p.m. Pacific Time):
408-452-8900 or 800-926-9288
Product Support Services
E-3
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Limited Warranty
Accton warrants to the original owner that the product delivered in this package will be free from
defects in material and workmanship for the lifetime of the product. For the warranty to apply, you
must register your purchase by returning the registration card indicating the date of purchase and
including proof of purchase. There will be a minimal charge to replace consumable components, such
as fuses, power transformers, and mechanical cooling devices. The warranty does not cover the product
if it is damaged in the process of being installed. Accton recommends that you have the company from
whom you purchased this product install it.
THE ABOVE WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ANY OTHER WARRANTY, WHETHER EXPRESS,
IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR ANY WARRANTY
ARISING OUT OF ANY PROPOSAL, SPECIFICATION OR SAMPLE. ACCTON SHALL NOT BE
LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. ACCTON NEITHER ASSUMES
NOR AUTHORIZES ANY PERSON TO ASSUME FOR IT ANY OTHER LIABILITY.
Customer Remedies
If the product is found to be defective within the first two years from the later of date of purchase or
date of manufacture, Accton’s entire liability and your exclusive remedy for any breach of warranty,
shall be, at its option, to repair or replace the product at no charge except as set forth below. If the
product is found to be defective after two years from the later of date of purchase or date of
manufacture, Accton will charge a process and handling fee, provided that you deliver the product along
with a return material authorization (RMA) number either to the company from whom you purchased it
or to Accton. Accton warrants the repaired or replaced product to be free from defects in material and
workmanship for the remainder of the original product’s warranty period. Consumable components are
warranted only for two years.
E-4
Product Support Services
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Return Process
Before you may return any Accton product to Accton, you must request an RMA number by calling,
Faxing or writing Accton’s Service Department at the address listed below. If you ship the product, you
must assume the risk of damage or loss in transit. You must use the original container (or the
equivalent) and pay the shipping charge. Accton may replace or repair the product with either a new or
reconditioned product, and the returned product becomes Accton’s property. At Accton’s sole
discretion, Accton will issue a credit for either a comparable replacement Accton product or credit the
original purchase price towards the purchase of any Accton product for any unrepairable, defective
product.
This warranty does not cover replacement of products damaged by abuse, accident, misuse, neglect,
alteration, repair, disaster, improper installation or improper testing.
ACCTON SHALL NOT BE HELD LIABLE FOR ANY LOSS OF PROFITS, LOSS OF USE,
INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL DAMAGES CAUSED BY THE USE OF THIS
PRODUCT OR INABILITY TO USE IT, EVEN IF THE COMPANY OR ACCTON HAS BEEN
ADVISED OF SUCH LIABILITY OR OTHER SPECIAL CLAIMS.
If you purchased this product in the USA, be aware that some states do not allow limitations on how
long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitations may not apply to you. Some states do not allow
the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitations or
exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may have other
rights which vary from state to state. All parts or components contained in this product are covered by
Accton’s Limited Lifetime Warranty for this product. The product may contain fully tested, recycled
parts, warranted as if new.
For warranty information:
All territories except North and South America:
Accton Technology Corporation, International Headquarters
No. 1, Creation Rd. III, Science-based Industrial Park, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Phone: 886-3-5770-270 Fax: 886-3-5770-267 BBS: 886-3-5770-654
North and South America:
Accton Technology Corporation, USA Headquarters
1962 Zanker Road, San Jose, CA 95112, U.S.A.
Phone: 408-452-8900
Fax: 408-452-8988
BBS: 408-452-8828
Product Support Services
E-5
Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
Accton Offices
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Ordering Information
• Fast EtherHub-12s
(EH3012-TX)
• Fast EtherHub-12se
(EH3012-TF-SC) or
(EH3012-TF-ST)
E-6
Fast Ethernet Hub with 12 RJ-45 ports for
100BASE-TX
Fast Ethernet Hub with 11 RJ-45 ports for
100BASE-TX, and 1 SC or ST type port for
100BASE-FX
Product Support Services
Glossary
100BASE-TX
IEEE’s specifications for 100 Mbps Ethernet using twisted-pair cable (100W Cat. 5 STP
or UTP). The maximum length of cable for a point-to-point connection is 100 meters.
100BASE-FX
IEEE’s specifications for 100 Mbps Ethernet using multimode fiber optic cable. The
maximum length of cable for a point-to-point connection is 112 meters in a shared
collision domain.
Bus Topology
A network topological arrangement where only one path exists between any two nodes,
and data transmitted by any node is concurrently available to all other nodes on the same
transmission medium.
Collision
A condition in which two packets transmitted over a medium interferes with each other.
Their interference makes both signals unintelligible. The transmitting devices have to
halt transmission for a random period of time before trying to send data again.
Configuration
The way to set up a computer, server, or local area network.
Daisy-Chain Port
An MDI RJ-45 port used to cascade compatible devices in a daisy-chain configuration
using straight-through twisted-pair cable. To cascade two devices, either run a connection from the daisy-chain port on one device to a station port on the other device, or
cascade the two devices by running crossover cable between MDI-X station ports on
both devices.
Glossary
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Fast EtherHub User’s Guide
Ethernet
A network communication system developed and standardized by DEC, Intel, and
Xerox, using baseband transmission, CSMA/CD access and logical bus topology, and
coaxial cable. The successor IEEE 802.3 standard provides for integration into the OSI
model and extends the physical layer and media with repeaters and implementations that
operate on fiber optics, broadband, and twisted-pair.
Fast Ethernet
100 Mbps network communication system based on Ethernet and the CSMA/CD access
method.
IEEE 802.3 Standard
Standard for the physical and electrical connections in local area networks developed by
the IEEE. The IEEE 802.3u standard covers these same issues for 100 Mbps networks.
LED
Light emitting diode on the front panel of the hub used for monitoring a hub or network
condition. An LED display corresponds to a hub condition.
Local Area Network (LAN)
A group of interconnected computers and support devices.
MDI Port (Medium Dependent Interface)
MDI is the IEEE standard for the twisted-pair interface to 10BASE-T (or 100BASETX). This RJ-45 port can be used with straight-through cable to connect the hub to a
network interconnection device, such a switch. Pin-out assignments are shown in
Appendix B.
2
Glossary
Fast EtherHub User’s Guide
MDI-X Port (Medium Dependent Interface - Crossed)
This RJ-45 port, which crosses the receive and transmit signals internally, can be used
with straight-through cable to connect the hub to any device that has a standard network
interface (e.g., workstation, server or router). Pin-out assignments are shown in
Appendix B.
RJ-45 Connector
Most common terminator for twisted-pair wiring.
Star Topology
Physical connections for RJ-45 ports are limited to a star configuration (i.e., similar to a
hub and spoke arrangement). This topology also requires that only one path exists
between any two nodes, and that data transmitted by any node is concurrently available
to all other nodes within the same local network (i.e., immediate collision domain).
Station Port (MDI-X)
MDI-X ports which are used for connecting the hub to any workstation or server that has
a properly installed network adapter card. (For port 12, the selector switch must be set
to MDI-X.) This port can also be connected to an MDI port on another compatible hub
or a switch.
STP (Shielded Twisted-Pair)
100W Category 5 twisted-pair wire covered with an external aluminum-foil or wovencopper shield designed to reduce excessive noise pick up or radiation. The STP cable
refered to in this manual is also sometimes called screened twisted-pair (ScTP). Its
impedance is 100Wand has the same pin assignment as UTP. This cable should not be
confused with the older 150Wcable type designed by IBM.
UTP (Unshielded Twisted-Pair)
Cable composed of insulated wires twisted together to reduce electrical interference.
Glossary
3
Index
A
I
Automatic Partitioning • 1-3
Automatic Polarity Detection • 1-3
IEEE 802.3u standard • 2-4, 3-1
Indicators
Alert • 4-2
Collision% • 4-3
Link • 2-6, 4-4
Panel • 4-2
Partition • 4-4
Port Status • 4-4
Power • 4-2
Traffic • 4-5
Utilization% • 4-3
Installation Requirements • 2-1
Installing the System • 2-1
Inter-hub Cabling Limit • 3-3
Introduction to Fast Ethernet • 1-1
C
Cable Length
Calculating Maximum Length • 2-3
Precise Cable Length Budgeting • 2-4
Simplified Cable Length Constraints • 2-3
Certification • C-1
Class II Repeater • 3-3
Configuring the Network • 3-1
Connecting the Hub System • 2-1
Connections
Fiber optic • 2-2
RJ-45 • 2-2
Verifying • 2-6
Crossover Cable • B-1
J
Jabber Lock-up • 1-3
E
L
EMI Certification • D-1
Limited Warranty • E-4
F
M
FCC Warning • D-1
Front Panel • 4-1
Maximum Cable Length
Fiber optic • 2-3
Twisted-pair • 2-3
MDI Daisy-chain Port • 3-2
Multiple Hub Configuration • 3-1
Guidelines • 3-3
H
Hardware Reference • 4-1
Index
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Fast EtherHub-12se User’s Guide
P
T
Port and Cable Assignments • B-1
Ports
Fiber optic • 4-5
RJ-45 • 4-5
Power Cord Specifications • D-4
Power Socket • 4-6
Product Features • 1-2
Product Support Services • E-1
Accton Offices • E-6
Bulletin Board Service • E-2
Hardware Repair Service • E-1
Interactive Fast Fax • E-2
Ordering Information • E-6
Software Update and Upgrade Service • E-2
Technical Support • E-3
Providing Power to the SwitcHub • 2-5
Troubleshooting
Configuration • A-2
Connections • 4-4
Hub Indicators • A-1
Installation • A-2
R
Rear Panel • 4-6
Repeater Delay • 2-4, 3-3
RJ-45 Port
Daisy-Chain • 3-2
MDI • 2-2
MDI-X • 2-2
S
Safety Compliance • D-4
Specifications • C-1
Stand-alone Configuration • 3-1
Standards Compliance • D-1
2
Index
V
Verifying Port Status • 2-5
Verifying System Operation • 2-6
EH3012-TF
E1296-R01
150089-101